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2 aí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 aí or dil.ie/715
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: aui, uith, uath, úad, uaidh, n-uath, ái, ai, , aibh

n t, m. (? Orig. neut. Celtica x 83 ). Earliest form aui (monosyll.), GOI 206 and ZCP x 446 . Later f. a s. uith, IT iii 5 § 1 . g s. uath, ib. in úad , O'Dav. 6 . d s. uaidh, O'Curry 370 . (H 3.18, 207a). g p. na n-uath , LL 5088 . With non-dental inflection a s. ái, Corm. Y 74 . g s. inna ai , RC xxvi 21 note 5 . n p. , Auraic. 742 . d p. aibh, IT iii 87 § 96 .

Poetic inspiration, learning; metrical composition: Dlighedh sesa, a treatise on the genesis of aí, Ériu xiii 35ff. (See notes and Corthals, Akten Linz 127-47 ). itat coic æ and .i. æ ailes ┐ æ chanas ┐ æ aiges æ mides ┐ æ suides, Auraic. 408 (see Jn. Celt. Stud. ii 65 ). caill crithmon . . . .i. caill asa tāet cless na uadh (clesa n-uad LB) ind airc [h]etail, Corm. Y 237 . felmac .i. mac ūad; fel .i. ái, 599 . ái .i. airc[h]etul, 74 . felmac .i. fel ai ┐ seis . . . .i. mac sesa ┐ mac uadh .i. airceta[i]l, O'Dav. 880 (see Ériu xiii 35 ). ái no áoi .i. éigsi no éolcha, O'Cl. féth .i. áoi no ealadha, ib. ic fethugud ai, Rawl. 108b34 = LL 187a11 . aithne damh homa re hæi .i. re heladain, ZCP v 483 § 1 (B. na f.). dochanaid aoí do cretaibh féth, Ériu xiii 17.11 . tiasg aoidh no uadh anmain Dé, 38.2 (= tiasc (sic leg.) ai i n-anmain Dé, O'Dav. 1564 ). tuarustal n-úadh ann so, 18 . ara theintemhlacht na mbríathar úadh ar is nemhnech bríathra in dána iter, Cóir Anm. 240 . cetharda condegar co hæs nuath do airic 'ma nuith, IT iii 5 § 1 . is fis o menmuin amh in ae, O'Dav. 991 . alt .i. aircetal, ar is alt in úad for it is a division of poetry, 6 . comiditer alta uad fri haltaib ín duine the divisions of prosody are compared to the joints of a person, IT iii 122.24 . cia halt huad . . . alta nan huad, Auraic. 1577 . tlachtga na n-uath dub a n-aerthar etc. , 5234 . acht mad æ roscichestar inna menmain .i. dliged gotha . . ., 488 = in aei, 2985 . fri comuaim n-uad, 3538 . dia coibdealachas a (=ó) huaidh on account of his artistic kinship with him, O'Curry 370 ( H 3.18, 207a ). sai uadh a sage of poetry, Laws iv 358.4 Comm. cain teasbann teim essgal sceo ni ain ni hain ai is mo hae is moam mo ain (.i. mo rosc ar focus no hai is lim indi as moo dom ainius) (the poet Dallán finds compensation for loss of sight in inner hearing and his art?), ZCP iii 224 § 13 (Amra Senáin). almsana is aoi / dá ndáil don lobhar is don lag, Measgra D. 59.14 . d'fhior go n-aoi, TSh. 5766 . Of Muses: da comfoirti na naoi nae, Celtica ii 71.45 . tomus a.¤ measure, quantity in verse(?): caide tomus cach hae a illabaibh? IT iii 24 § 6 . tomus nae [anal] ┐ innsci do cach iar na miad, Laws i 18.y Comm. tommus n-ai, IT iii 187 § 6 . trefocal . . . cen áe for anae (apparently some kind of metrical fault), ACL iii 293.10 ( Auraic. 1935 ). See Celtica vi 215-6 .

In names of metres: dona haibh freslige, IT iii 87 § 96 . aí idhan, 101 § 183. As n.pr. Aoí mac Ollamain, Ériu xiii 38.y . cia ainm regas ar in macsa . . . tabair Aí fair . . . conid assain . . . ro ainmniged aí airchetail .i. ó Aí mac Ollaman, LL 14611 ( ZCP xx 194.6 ).

? 4 aí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? 4 aí or dil.ie/717

 

n swan: ai no aoi .i. eala, O'Cl. ai a swan Eg. Gl. 665 . Cf. æ chanas , Auraic. 407 . Prob. a mistake for aí .i. elada (2 aí), see Lochlann ii 205-6 .

airnigde

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airnigde or dil.ie/2324
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: airnaigde, airna(i)gthe, urnaidhi, urnaithi, irnig[d]e, irnigde, irnaigde, irnichthe, ernaigde, ernigde, irnigdi, ernaigde, irnigde, irnigdi, irnigdib

, f. vn. of ar-neget. Also airnaigde, airna(i)gthe. urnaidhi, urnaithi (urnoighte, etc.) f. IGT Decl. § 3 . n s. irnig[d]e, Wb. 25c23 . irnigde, 4a27 , 23a13 . irnaigde, 4d20 . irnichthe, 17a5 . ernaigde, Ml. 75a6 , 38c11 , 54c37 . ernigde, 54d7 . a s. irnigdi, Wb. 27c19 . g s. or g p. ernaigde, Ml. 50d7 . irnigde, Wb. 27c12 . d s. irnigdi, Wb. 5d22 , 10d15 , 24c2 . d p. irnigdib, Wb. 7a12 .

Act of praying (with subjective gen. and AR of person prayed for; FRI or DOCHUM of person prayed to); prayer: isí mo irnigde fri dia, Wb. 4d18 . is menic a n-irnichthe airiubsi `frequent is their supplication on your behalf', 17a5 . ba uisse hirnaigde erru, 4d20 . chech irnigde dongneid i tuil dée, 5c20 . urnaigthe .i. ab ore niges nech .i. ō gin intī chanas , Corm. Y 1289 . altóir aurgnaidi 'na dess / fri aurnaigthi, SR 4264 . ag urnaighe dochum nDé, FDG² 31.18​​ . teg . . . n-aurnaigthi, 7672 . sailm aurnaichti, Mon. Tall. 128.27 (§ 5) . condálidsi (sic leg., edd.) . . . ar naurnithe `ye share our prayers', 158.24 (§ 75) . usci ernaigthi holy water, Trip.² 2715 . comarba aurnaigthe, ACL iii 217 § 3 . figell, āine, ernaigthe / almsan tan nosgēne, Ériu ii 172 § 5 . biid tre láa i taui acht cert n-ernaigti no legind, vii 158 § 17 . bad grésach oc ernaigthi (ernaigthe, urnuigthi, urrnathe, v.ll.), iii 98 § 16 . ro gab . . . ic airnagi, Cog. 196.23 . toradh urnuighthe, TD 7.19 . éist m'úrnuighe (: Muire), A. Ó Dálaigh xix 1 . urnaigh a nfíréin, Proverbs xv 8 . creud í an Urnaidh do ní tú?, Donlevy 6.3 . ? In n. loc. Corbmac a Crich in ernaidhe, AFM i 160.3 (see note). See also Hog. Onom.

can

Cite this: eDIL s.v. can or dil.ie/8117

 

adv conj (cf. sanchan and GOI 289 ) whence : c.¤ gl. unde, Ml. 34b3 . c.¤ uel disin gl. unde, 44b27 - 8 . 127a8 . Enchir. Aug. 82a ( ZCP vii 484 ).

(a) With follg. noun whence is ? (see O'Brien, Féil. Mhic Néill 88 ): ni fes c.¤ a genelach from whom he is descended, Dinds. 125 ( RC xvi 77 ). co fesamar . . . c.¤ do chenél, Ériu i 116 § 4 . c.¤ so a ingen ?, Anecd. i 22.8 (see GOI 684 ). ? c.¤ derbh Doidhéin, Ériu xiii 21.17 . As quasi-subst. cid Tuirbe . . . / ni fess c.¤ nó chenél, Metr. Dinds. iv 226.12 . ni fess a ch.¤ . . . fir na cless `whence he came', y. With sense of indef.: cipé ch.¤ `whencesoever it be', CRR 19 .

(b) With follg. prep. DO: c.¤ duibsi gl. cuiates estis ? Sg. 242a2 . c.¤ duid ? ol C. ara Orlaim . . . ┐ tusu ? ol int ara who are you ? TBC-I¹ 786 . c.¤ dó no cuich a tigerna, IT i 272.19 ( FB 38 Eg.).

With prec. cía: cía c.¤ duib ?, Trip.² 1113 . ni festar cia can a cetracha fris `whence [comes] a forty-year period for it', Ériu xvii 68 § 9 gl. 8 . fiarfaighis in rí dibh ca c.¤ doib, KMMisc. 318.21 . With pret. of copula (see O'Brien, loc. cit.): im chomarcar cía bu ch.¤ dóib, TBFr. 65 . imcomaircter di cia bo c.¤ a cinel `asks her whence was his race', RC xii 72 § 42 . Apparently also in somewh. different sense (if not difft. wd.) cia-chan tra beth oc a tuirem na slog why attempt to count? LB 154a7 . ga ch.¤ duit a ḟuirech?, TBC-LL¹ 3068 . ga chana dam menma mór `woher?' 3981 . ca c.¤ dam-sa erghe?, TBC St. 3297 (can profit, advantage, Gloss.). c.¤ (.i. ca tarbha) a cetal go gnāth what boots it to sing his praise continually? ZCP v 487 § 13 . na hairm as airm dhamh 'na dháil / ca ch.¤ gan a n-ainm d'fhaghbháil (of devil), Dán Dé xxiv 7 . Cf. cid do chana duit in bréc do imbirt form?, LU 5053 = TBC-I¹ 565 `what avails it? apparently a rel. verb; in Mid. Ir. also cid do-chanas , Stories fr. Táin Gl. 64 . ca ch.¤ duit .i. cá tharbha dhuit, O'Cl. ga c[h]an, Bard. Synt. Tr. 45.z .

(c) With verb other than copula: c.¤ rofesta-su íccfe in mnái `whence shouldst thou know that thou wilt save the woman?' Wb. 10a10 . ní fitemmar c.¤ doberr `whence it is brought', Sg. 32b5 . c.¤ rohainmnigedh do anainmsi whence did it get that name? Hib. Min. 1.9 . c.¤ atá (can as atá, v.l.) aní as titalus?, 269 . ? c.¤ a fuil siat `where they are', Laws v 334.8 Comm. log-enech fuidre . . . c.¤ mittir?, 516.1 . c.¤ do dechobair?, Trip. 100.6 . c.¤ donluid?, LU 3329 ( SCC 12 ). c.¤ tic inti nat aithgenamar?, RC xiii 222.32 . Exceptionally: c.¤ do choid mo dalta where has my fosterling gone? Lec. 166 vc10 .

Freq. with follg. as, asa: c.¤ ata anní istitalus, Hib. Min. 8.269 (canus, v.l.). c.¤ as rothucais-seo sin whence hast thou acquired that? Ériu iv 138.18 . co fesamar c.¤ as tucad, Ériu i 46.10 . canas tángais a laich?, MR 72.8 . c.¤ .i. canas tig . . . no canas tecaid, Laws v 6.3 Comm. c.¤ asa tecait na fir, LU 10442 . c.¤ assarogabsat anmann, Rawl. 69a19 . canas a ngabar etc., Laws iv 168.1 Comm.

canaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. canaid or dil.ie/8126
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: canu, caunu, cani, -chanai, canid, canith, canaid, canas, can, canmae, canma, canait, cantae, cantai, canir, canair, -chanar, canar, caniter, -cantar, chantar, cain, can, canad, canam, canum, canaid, cantar, noscanad, -chanad, chanad, chantaís, nochantais, cainte, -cantae, chanta, cantai, chanam, cachna, cachna, cachnaith, cechras, -chechnad, rocachnad, cachnaitis, ro-cachain, -cechainn, cáchain, cháchain, cachain, cachnaitir, cachnatar, cachnutar, cechnadar, ro-cét, ro-cet, ru-chét, cēt, -rochet, ro-chead, ro-ceta, rocheta, rocachaint, cétal, canamain, canta, cainnt

v Ind. pres. 1 s. canu, Ériu xvi 66.50 . caunu, ZCP xxi 281.15 . 2 s. cani, Thes. ii 249.2 . -chanai, SG 26.41 . 3 s. canid, Mon. Tall. 138.7 . canith, 130.24 . canaid, Thes. ii 315.5 . Rel. canas, Wb. 27b27 . LU 3804 ( SCC 37 ). can as, Blathm. 209 . 1 p. rel. canmae, Fél. Ep. 242 . canma, ZCP viii 198.15 . 3 p. canait, LU 1978 ( FA 5 ). Lism. L. 3879 . Rel. cantae, Fél. Dec. 28 . cantai, Ériu ii 118 § 54 . Pass. s. canir, Thes. ii 249.1 . canair, Fél. Sept. 11 . Ériu ii 16.17 . -chanar, Ml. 135a6 . Rel. canar, Thes. ii 252.5 . Mon. Tall. 138.19 . ZCP xi 110 § 23 . Pass. p. caniter, LU 3242 ( SCC 3 ). -cantar, Ml. 122c2 . Rel. chantar, Todd Nenn. 38.2 .

Ipv. 2 s. cain, Fél. Apr. 4 . can, ib. v.l. PH 8337 . 3 s. canad, Tec. Corm. 1.45 . Mon. Tall. 164.8 . 1 p. canam, Ériu ii 63 § 2 . canum, ZCP vi 262.5 . 2 p. canaid, Fél. 44.22 . Pass. p. cantar, TBC-LL¹ 806 .

Impf. 3 s. noscanad, Thes. ii 314.8 ( Hy. ii 25 ). -chanad, Rawl. 84a18 . no chanad , Fél. 10.x . Lat. Lives 63.3 . 3 p. no chantaís , LU 10134 . Rel. nochantais, Fél. July 30 . Pass. s. no cainte , Ml. 102c8 . -cantae, O'Mulc. 213 . no chanta , BDD² 124 . p. cantai, SG 411.11 .

Subj. pres. 1 p. cia chanam , RC xlvii 296.12 . acht co ro-chanumm, PH 6882 .

fut. 1 s. ? cachna, Ériu xiii 23.1 . 2 s. cachna, O'Dav. 601 . 3 s. ? cachnaith, SR 2694 . Rel. cechras (sic) .i. canfas, O'Dav. 342 . Condit. 3 s. -chechnad, Caithr. Thoirdh. 60.13 . ? rocachnad, Todd Nenn. 38.7 . Pass. p. ? cachnaitis, RC xiv 418 § 35 ( LL 12833 ). Later with f-future.

Pret. and perf. 3 s. ro-cachain, Ml. 48b11 (for redupl. vowel see GOI 425 where -cechainn, Ml. 64c22 , 66c12 is also discussed). cáchain, LU 3796 ( SCC 37 ). ro cháchain , 10619 . cachain, TBC-I¹ 258 . Ériu xiii 19.29 . 26.22 . cachain no rochachain, O'Cl. 3 p. cachnaitir, IT i 136.z (Comp. Con C., Eg. 2 ). cachnatar, RC iii 347.1 . ro cachnutar , Laws i 24.7 Comm. cechnadar, Dinds. 42 ( RC xv 433.6 ). Pass. s. ro-cét, Ml. 25b6 . 8 . 57d13 . Sc.M² 21 . ro-cet, Ml. 2b6 . Laws i 70.14 Comm. ru-chét, Ml. 64a13 . ro cēt , Corp. Gen. 406.10 . -rochet, SR 7533 . With act. sense ro-chead, RC xxiv 178.z . p. ro-ceta, Ml. 30a9 . Hib. Min. 6.186 . nad rocheta , Ml. 115b4 . rocachaint, RC xiii 48 § 31 .

Part. a mbas cete gl. cantato . . . mense, BCr. 32b5 . Vbl. of necess. donaib hí beta cheti `which are to be sung', Ml. 126c4 . Vn. cétal, canamain, canta, ? cainnt. IGT Verbs § 73 .

(a) sings, recites . With céol: cansit ceól, LU 3274 ( SCC 7 ). dot mac canar ar ceol, Blathm. 198 . ro chachain ceol, SR 4043 . With words meaning poem, etc. (somet. in sense composes): cachainsi . . . laíd, LU 3538 ( SCC 29 ). in aer . . . cantar . . . co indligthech, Laws v 232.11 Comm. ( ZCP xv 310.6 ). ae chanas ica gabail, Auraic. 409 . coro cachoin a guba `sang his dirge', Dinds. 95 ( RC xvi 47 ). conid de rocētt na raind si, ZCP vii 306.7 . chanas fuinn `that singeth songs', Proverbs xxv 20 . See Celtica vi 214 . Of birds: canaid na héanlaithe séis, Keat. Poems 74 .

In religious contexts sings, chants, recites (psalms, hymns, prayers): in tan cita-roichet in salm-sa, Ml. 44b4 . canir . . . biad, Mon. Tall. 131.6 . is amlaid canitir (leg. Lat. canitur?) in Pater, 140.4 . Adomnan . . . rocháchain in n-orthain seo, Rawl. 106b18 . do Chríst cachain ailli `unto Christ he sang praise', Fél. Apr. 26 . is ed chanait . . . Sanctus (of angels), MacCarthy 44.3 . canum don Choimdidh gl. cantemus Domino, Celtica iv 28.367 . dochanattar ind immon, BNnÉ 75.12 . do Chríst cachain figil, Fél. Dec. 8 . ro-chansat cántaic na glóri diada do, PH 4787 . do chan a thrátha, Acall. 1318 . Note also: cansat co léir a leighenn recited (of students), BNnÉ 96.18 . Of celebration of Mass: do chan int esbac . . . aifreann, ZCP xiii 181.2 . i-sin coilech-sin no-chanad Ísu hídpairt ┐ oiffrend, ZCP xvii 229.2 .

Of chanting of spells, prophecies, etc.: ro chansat-side brechta druidechta, LU 4027 ( SCC 48 ). for énchois . . . ro chachain doib in sin uile, BDD² 562 . canar dicheadol, Ériu xiii 24.10 .

Sings about, praises, lauds : trisin mbindius trissa cantar in gnimai hisin `with which these works are sung', Ml. 122c2 . ba moch canait a seíri, Misc. Hib. 17 § 5 . iss ed canas in cū cain / a marbad do milchonaib (the dog foretells by its barking), ZCP xiii 8.2 . da bfaghta fer finn-chechnad a man to commemorate him, Caithr. Thoirdh. 60.13 .

(a 2) composes : cīasu Dauīd rodas-can, | is dōibseom do-aselbtar 'although it was David who composed them, they are attributed to them' Éigse xvii 30 § 7 (= isaire eim doaisilbthar intpsailim dona persunnaib remepertaib cesu Duid aoenur rusgab, Hib. Min. 6.169 ).

(b) speaks, tells, announces, utters : ba bind for cach na canaind, LU 1301 . atchuala an ra chansat (of conversation), TBC-LL¹ 136 . inní rochan in t-ainm ogaim announced, 583 . da chan tigerna in toigi `cried out', Ériu iv 112.17 . ro chan riu feb at rubairt D. fris, MR 50.13 . cia nach can `who says not so?', Dán Dé xxvi 36 . adfedhut [na techta] do ar'chansat ┐ ar'canad friu, Marco P. 30 . With specific objects: ro chansad a n-aithiosga ris `announced . . . their proposals', CRR² 11 . is brég rocanuis, ZCP vi 91.5 . cach clessach na chanad cheilg / manach sein sin Gaedilg, LL 18013 . ro canad fírcháin faeilte friu, Acall. 2795 . ní chanuit gó tria bhithu `never tell a lie', Marco P. 179 .

With follg. vn., or noun-clause: canaim . . . / truagh nach áonfhras tíre atá I declare, SGS iv 62 § 10 . ro chan Día . . . an téigen d'furtacht, BNnÉ 4.7 . canfaither . . . / nach am rig ruanaid (leg. rígr.), MR 120.12 .

Gramm.: Muimhnech, Éleach . . . ┐ gach tír eile chantar do bhainindsce of the feminine gender, IGT Decl. § 18 . trí hórmharg, lochdach ó nach cantur é, Introd. 8.32 .

Various uses with prepp.: conid dibsin ro chead in seanchaid those are the subject of the s.'s lay, RC xxiv 182.15 . is dó rochēt it is of him this was sung, ZCP viii 327.33 . mar do chanais tréan Eoghain / do Fhraoch `as you ascribed Eoghan's power to F.', Content. v 162 . is hē a lecht canair dōu . . . madan i n-Ūachtur Ocha this is the grave foretold for him . . . (in the) battle of U.O., ZCP xii 238 § 62 . cantar Cáilli in druadh / re crích fir na n-arm rindfuar `the territory . . . is called', Ériu iv 226.25 . créad an chúis fa gcantar abhall / ret fhiodhbhaidh chorcra why is thy . . . wood called apple? (to the Cross), DDána 2.7 . cristaidi nochanadh fein fris `called himself a Christian', Marco P. 64 . ní uime mar gach n'asbal / rí an chruinne do chanasdar did not speak of him (Judas) as of all the (other) apostles(?), Dán Dé i 11 . port ór canadh CaisealChorc was named, DDána 74.7 . an Niall ór canadh clann Néill, Aithd. D. 17.6 .

In cheville: i nDaim Liac Ciannāin canair / marb hua ciallmair Congalaig `thou singest', Arch. Hib. ii 94 § 25 .

cantaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cantaid or dil.ie/8170

 

n [i, m.] (cf. canaid): a ainm in chano a ch.¤ , ZCP iii 224 § 12 n. 3 . cana . . . .i. c.¤ iarsinní chanas córus a cherdi, Thr. Ir. Gl. 11.4 . See cáinte.

éiligid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. éiligid or dil.ie/19779
Last Revised: 2013

 

v g (? éle Celtica i 343 )

I Accuses, charges, sues, impeaches: mad im lu...eilighther if he is sued about an article of little value Laws iii 396.15 Comm. éilighid féin a chéile let them implead each other Acts xix 38 . gu n-éiléochthar sinn a gcúis cheannairrce, xix 40 . ré hé féin do ghlanadh annsa ní na n-éileoghtháoi hé, xxv 16 .

II Impugns, refutes, contradicts: nā hélig-siu etir missi, uair is mi ata ar fírinni, LL 265a19 = MU 22.15 . do mholta ót aoir éileóchthair, TD 3.49 . fa ua dT. ...do ráidh gur éiligh A. that he had refuted A. about the descendant of T. 21.28 . ag sin suim ar chéad-chanas | féach cá mhéad éilighse ann, Content. xxi 18 . éiligh an mbreith rugais orm `revoke the condemnation' xvi 30 . Cf. na clērig...na hēlig a ndáil do not dispute their business (?) KMMisc. 264.5 . Vn. éiligud q.v. See also éilmid, éilmigid.

1 fír

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fír or dil.ie/22171
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: fira, fíri, fira, fír, ḟír, firithir, firium, fíream, fír, fir, fíre, brithemnachtae, fírmessa, fircarat, fír

I adj o-ā

(a) true, veracious , used as pred. with cop.; as attrib. usually in composition with noun, seldom following it. f.¤ ... a uero latine , Corm. Y 639 . gl. verus Ml. 24d16 . 60b11 . as f.¤ aní chanas , 24d14 . is fāss dúnni a pridchimme manid f.¤ , Wb. 13b14 . f.¤ inna rādisiu what thou sayest is true LU 8455 ( FB 31 ). dūs in f.¤ mar atbeire, SR 1268 . in fir a n-atfiadat?, CRR 29 . is f.¤, ol se, is e so Crist, PH 679 . ni f.¤ sin (contradicting a statement) 2715 . Absol. confirming a preceding fact or statement: f.¤, ar se, ingen fil and, LL 259b43 ( LMU 5 ). f.¤, ar in drai, RC xxiv 174.15 . f.¤ is munter Dé fogniat [sic leg.], Snedg. u. Mac R 9.21 = is derb, ar siad, is munter Dé, RC xxvi 136.27 . Adv.: co mbia co f.¤ esergi that there will truly be a resurrection PH 1074 . uere .i. co f.¤ , 7983 . atberim co fír fír frib ..., 5036 . go fíor, Duan. F. i 28.3 . pl. it na huili besgna ata fira , Thes. ii 7.26 . at fíra do briathra, PH 794 . IS F.¤he is right: olsodin nad f.¤ ndoib however in that they lie Ml. 16a10 . ba f.¤ ám do Ch. aní sin, TBC-LL¹ 5767 . 4692 . 5719 . fír dam, or A. ni fīr or L., LL 288b27 . ni f.¤ dún ar mbeith amlaid we err (in claiming) to be so PH 7945 . más f.¤ dhamhsa if I am not mistaken O'Dav. 1244 . IS F.¤ LIMM I deem it true, I believe: do retaib ata chosmaili fri f.¤ la doini ┐ bes ni bat fira la Dia, Ml. 51b8 . BID F.¤ it will prove true, come to pass: bid f.¤ a tairngire Wb. 2c19 . hóre bas f.¤ quod dicam , 17d20 . Cf. pret.: ba f.¤ son re cind in tres laí it came true ( happened ) LL 283a9 . Used idiomatically in assenting to a proposal or the reverse: cuir in da chend, a L., issin carpat ... Bid f.¤ for L. it shall be done LL 110b31 ( RC xiv 422 ). ní bá f.¤ sin that shall not be! LU 8199 ( FB 14 ). Mer. Uil. 46 . ni ba f.¤ ... Cet do rainn na mucce it shall not be that C. divide the pig ScM. 9 . ROP F.¤ may it come to pass Hy i 39 . corap f.¤ amal atrubrabar! PH 2774 . amen .i. rop f.¤ so be it 7981 . MAS Ḟ. (in later poetry) if it is true = `according to statement', `it is said': an séad, a Dhé, ina mbia ar mbríogh | más fíor is é bhus dia dhúnn, Dán Dé xxiii 11 . éantoirrcheas, más ḟíor, iaidséin, TD 26.7 . ionann ḟáisdine, más ḟíor, do mhac is d'adhbhar airdríogh, 21.31 . más ḟíor dá lán according to many 28.40 . fír dhe (cheville), Duan. F. 25.4 ; ii 68.10 . As attrib.: breth f.¤ , SR 3321 . dar mo bréthir ḟ.¤ , IT i 122.1 . g s. f. inna Trínóite fíri (fire v.l.), Hy ii 42 . Cf. foxal fainne fíre SR 3594 (but see fíre). pl. bretha fira , Ml. 89b14 . teora coibsen fira, IT iii 197.24 . tri bliadhna fira .xx. `righteous' (?) BB 50a24 ( MacCarthy 414 ). sgéla fíora, Duan. F. ii 2.3 . d s. as adv.: ind fír (gl. amen) Wb. 14c32 . ind ḟír (gl. vero) Sg. 106a5 . Equat. firithir lebor as true as LL 43b23 . Compar. ataa ani as firiu oldas a ndeda sa, Hib. Min. 10.348 . is firu damsa! ní firiu duidsiu! I am right! you are wrong! Ériu viii 157.15 . atberait aroli comboi ... ┐ is fíre són, LB 148a10 . superl. firium, Laws i 106.1 (?). fíremh, Ériu xiii 17.30 . Cf. fíream, Laws iv 34.1 .

(b) genuine: pleurisis fhíre ┐ pleurisis nach fír true pleurisy and spurious O'Gr. Cat. 188 § 45 .

II subst. n. later m. g s. cosmailius fír , Ml. 55d25 . arach fir , Cóic Con. 17.1 (other exx. below); later fíra, fíre.

(a) what is true; truth, right: gáo et f.¤ , Wb. 14c22 . f.¤ n-uile sicut dixi (gl. veritas facta est) 16b22 . f.¤ neich, 30d14 (= iustitia). fer nolabrad f.¤ ┐ no chairiged gó, PH 825 . tan renas ... a ḟir for in gae when he barters truth for falsehood (i.e. right for wrong, of a king) ACL iii 315.6 . f.¤ n-aignaid ┐ screbtra truth natural and revealed Laws v 430.23 . Ailbhe co ffīor `A. the truthful' Duan. F. i 6.3 . With poss. pron.: abbair a ḟ.¤ frind, LU 4544 . ráid a fh.¤ dūn tell us the truth about it PH 1063 . is é a ḟíor this is the truth of it Ir. Monthly 1928, 549 . isé a ḟíor is ní brēcc dhamh, ZCP viii 225.3 . sinagoga ... congregatio ... ed a f.¤ isin laitin `c.' is the right word for it in Latin 113 § 4 . ce raib se ina fh.¤ though it be true PH 7324 . In asseveration or adjuration: dar f.¤ ar cubais, TBC-LL¹ 110 . ar f.¤ do gascid, 4663 . for f.¤ do ḟlatha, LL 251a48 ( TBFr. § 23 ). for f.¤ th'ainich ┐ t'anma, LL 251b1 (ib.). Concrete: co n-indistar fir cacha ceatramhan until a truth (true story) be told for every quarter IT iii 196 § 40 . IAR F.¤ according to truth, really, actually: delb nad bí iar f.¤ (gl. imaginis) Ml. 91d1 . túarascbail ... inna n-airecht sin amal itát iar f.¤ as they are in reality LU 1997 ( FA 6 ). is iat sin na fírUlaid iar f.¤ , ZCP viii 326.9 . na hIúdaide cristaide ... na hIúdaide iar ḟír, LB 158b19 . isat cara iar ndreich ... cen cop ed iar f.¤ , PH 3100 . Cf. iar fíraib truly, really (?) LL 5b49 . tría fhíribh, Duan. F. i 88.13 (: ríghe).

(b) a pledge, guarantee: dobretha f.¤ fris .i. f.¤ ciche ┐ gruaide, nime ┐ talman, grēine ┐ ēsca, etc. Rawl. 132a31 ( Ériu xi 95 ). ro lasett each an ríg ... for f.¤ comairci Colmáin, BColm. 90.6 . adguiter f.¤ hOengasa [leg. nOen.] ... fris ┐ fir flatha na nDéisi, Ériu iii 140.170 . cf. la fior flatha frisa ngaibther, Ériu xiii 31.3 . da fir dhec flatha, below, end of (c). cach fír dar ná tecar slán `every pledge that is not transgressed with safety' Metr. Dinds. iii 6.65 . Cf. ferr fir fonaidm .i. na trebaire a pledge is better than a bond O'Curry 1756 ( 23 Q 6, 34b ) = O'Curry 511 (t. cen folad) (< H 3.18, 259 ).

(c) an attestation; a proof, test, ordeal: technical term in Law, one of the five `conara fugill' or recognized methods of procedure in pleading, see Cóic Con. p. 8 , 17ff . Here perh. i mmes fíra, Ml. 26c12 (see fíre). is ed so acarar [sic leg.] forin conair fugill is fir: cinta comraitti ┐ anfoit lanḟiachaig ┐ cach cin imna dir logad no trocaire, Cóic Con. 17 § 5 . uide īce in fira .i. in fir lai ┐ in fir Dé ┐ in fir cuir ┐ cunnartha ... in leth-fir testa ... in lan-fir teasta, O'Curry 333 (< H 3.18, 183 ). Cf. Cóic Con. 67 . mac mná dobheir fior i logh a ruice, Ériu xiii 31.28 . f.¤ nDé a religious ordeal or attestation: in inbaidh aititnither ... is fir nDé uadh ...; muna aititnighe ... is arra cuir ..., O'Curry 2003 Comm. (< H 4.22, 30 ). comadh ann robeth in fir dé so lais iar nemfadbail fire daoine, Laws iv 294.7 Comm. co dtisadh a bfir do cach iar bfir De (.i. na eclaise) ┐ duine (.i. na tuaithi), O'Curry 1607 (< 23 Q 6, 5a ). lia do fír fri ... aiṅcessa māra (.i. fris inni is anfis do neoch forna fagabthar breth acht fir ṅDe) thou shalt follow (the way of) ordeal in cases of, etc., Cóic Con. 16 § 3 . 37 § 50 . is cranncur fíre De docurethur ru, O'D. 900 . (< H 3.17 c. 644 ). f.¤ testa compurgation: O'Curry 2591 (< Eg. 88, 50b ), see Cóic Con. 67 . lucht fira compurgators: Cóic Con. 32 § 29 . in t-espuc, is greim cuicir gobas a lucht fira a leith re dainib ele, ┐ ni gabann acht greim aengraidh i leith ris fein, O'Curry 1058 (< H 3.18, 438a_b ). f.¤ dochum reilgi an attestation made in a churchyard Cóic Con. 64 § 14 . Ériu ix 114 . f.¤ n-airisme fri haltoir the test of standing at the altar Laws v 470.34 (see IT iii 192 ). f.¤ caire no crannchuir ordeal of the cauldron or of lot Laws iv 294.3 Comm. coiri fír .i. lestur ... fri dealochadh firindi ┐ góa, IT iii 191 § 21 . crand fīr `test-tree,' tree of ordeal Laws iv 146.27 ; a name for the aspen , Auraic. 1195 . tal no slisean seancraind, leasdar Baduirnd, trelia mothar no fir n-airisme fri haltoir, no fir fogearrta no comperta naime: ate ind sin fira ro suidistar Padraic do gleod fer nErend, Laws v 470 (see IT iii 188 , where three of these are included in the da fir dhec flatha `the twelve ordeals').

(d) right, due: ara tisad a f.¤ cach that everyone might `attain to his right' Laws i 152.1 . oc tacra a ḟír `arguing his right' Trip. 128.3 . is im fir ban ciato-imargaet roe `about the true right of women' [ = for a case (i.e. dispute) of women ?] Laws i 150.13 . Cf. fria hiomasdad a ffíor fri breith, Ériu xiii 34.7 (perh. belonging to c).

(e) various phrases: F.¤ CATHA `truth of battle,' a just cause in fight: risnā ragbad ríam ... f.¤c. nā fornirt [leg. fornert ?] comlaind, TBC-LL¹ 5083 (perhaps against whom neither equal nor superior numbers ever prevailed). co nā gabdais f.¤ c. fria n-athair that they might not have right on their side in opposing their father (of the three Finn Emna) Dinds. 140 , corresp. to: cumbad olc a f.¤ c. i n-agaid a n-ardḟlatha, Metr. Dinds. iv 44z . ba fearr a f.¤c. ┐ comlaind sin im a nduthaigh [sic leg.) ... innas im an ferand forgabala, Cog. 70.6 . táinig re síol bhflatha Fáil | gan ḟíor gcatha do chongbháil it turned out ill for ... that they had not right on their side TD 18.28 . éirghidh ar Ulltaibh, óir atá fíor gcatha agaibh chuca, Keat. ii 5643 . feirrde m'fhior chatha sa sin my cause of quarrel is the juster Content. xiv 4 . tré neimhḟíor gcatha in an unjust cause viii 24 . F.¤ FER fair play (in combat), single combat: acht cor damthar fir fer dam, ol se, atbér. is cóir f.¤ f. do chomollod ... ar ní f.¤ f. do slúag mór muinterda brisiud for óenfer, LU 9213 ( FB 94 ). nosgeodainseom huile ... uair rombrisiset fir fer fair, TBC-I¹ 809 (= LU 5284 ). rop áil damsa or L. conumrabad fir fer úaitsiu. cidón? or C. connachamthised úait acht oenlám. ar ni ḟil acht oenlám lim, LL 122b5 ( RC iii 184 ). ni damar f.¤ f. dam na comlond, TBC-LL¹ 4706 . ní rodamhadh f.¤ fer ná comhlann fo coimhlíon dóibh acht ro chinn an t-iolar ar uathadh, AFM iv 996.14 . is and sin conbocht f.¤ f. fairseom ... día lotar in cóicfer cucaiseom, LU 6240 . dogniat aní sein ┐ dobreth a f.¤ f. fris, Ériu iii 137.50 (but Rawl. B 502, 132a31 has here: dobretha fir fris .i. fir ciche ┐ gruaide, etc., cited above under b). fior fer frisa ngaibhther, Ériu xiii 34.10 . Cf. muirbhfit ... iat i bhfir aeinḟir, RC xliii 24.9 . F.¤ FÉNE the truth (justice) of the F., itbath fir Fene, Laws i 150.17 . adbath fir Feiniu manipad cuicthi, 250y . F.¤ FLATHA the word of a prince; justice of a ruler: ní fíor flathu deit, a rí ..., a n-udbere thy sentence is unworthy of a just ruler RC xii 64.26 . co comet fir flatha .i. mess cacha bliadne, etc. (effects of just rule) xvi 280.7 . is tre ḟ.¤ flathemon cach recht rán ... cach tír toirthech, ZCP xi 81 §§ 12.14 . tré ḟíor ḟlatha ... tig ... iasg i n-inbhear, Content. vi 67 . asbertatar U. a mmarbad. ni thó, ar sisi, ar is coll fír f.¤ damsa the U. said that they should be killed. Nay, said she, for that is a violation of a prince's truth on my part RC xvi 281. 2 . F.¤ NGASCID fair fighting: ní f.¤ ṅg. ... comrac frimsa co n-oenláim, LL 116b39 ( RC viii 58 ). Cf. ní fír laechdachta dó tuidecht ar mo chendsa LU 6014 .

Compds.

A With subst. common as adj. prefix in sense

(a) veracious, true, just: ¤brithem a just judge Ml. 27c1 . dond ¤brithemain, 26c11 (gl. cognitori) Wb. 8d25 . ¤brithemnacht a just judgment: g s. ¤brithemnachtae (opp. to gūbrithemnacht) Ml. 103c2 . ¤breth id.: pl. -a, SR 8325 . ¤dliged just, true rule: fili ... nach oide fīrdhlighidh ZCP viii 208.22 . ¤dul: iar f. (: dīlgud) according to right procedure, as is meet SR 1607 . ¤mess true, righteous judgment: ind fírmessa (gl. aequitatis) Ml. 103d1 . ¤mod: fīrmod sōn, Corm. Y § 149 . firmodh son, YBL 245 a 54 (Immacallam In Dá Thúarad) , ZCP xxi 325 . ¤scél true account: ni innisim acht f., Acall. 1428 . Less freq. in later texts; cf. fírferg: rinn ar bhḟírḟeirge ` just wrath ' TD 3.12 .

(b) veritable, genuine, real (very common; cf. older Engl. use of very < Fr. vrai): ¤dia: conapad f. mac that the Son should not be very God Ml. 21c12 . Wb. 2d8 . fíordia ... fíordhuine very God ... very man ZCP viii 199.22 (but: in fírdía the true God , opp. to dee ` heathen gods ' PH 433 , 2347 ). ¤duine: ní for fírduine rolaset a ṅgona acht is for corthe cloche, Thes. ii 343y (Comm. on Hy v 66 ). amal fírdhuine like a veritable human being PH 5642 . ¤aingel: messimir inna fíraingliu `the very angels' Wb. 9c10 . ¤mac: f. aicnid ní a uccu `a very son of nature, not from adoption' 32b6 . conid f. Dé Ísu Crist, PH 2179 . ¤chlann: Eua ..., fotha febda fírclainne of genuine offspring (?) SR 1064 . ¤chorp: is a ḟirchurp a doenachta atracht Crist a bás the real body of His humanity PH 6743 . Cf. further: am fírisrahelte a true Israelite Wb. 23d30 . is iat sin na fírUlaid the genuine Ultonians Rawl. 156b46 , ZCP viii 326.9 . frisna ¤adnacla (gl. non in domibus sed in sepulcris) Ml. 83d3 . is ¤briathar Dé (gl. non ut verbum hominum sed ... verbum Dei) Wb. 24d22 . fíor-fhraochdacht genuine fury (= asperitatem veram) TSh. 8130 . in ¤gním the real action Sg. 139a3 . inna ¤neuturáldi the true neuters 140a6 . ¤chara a genuine friend: g p. na fircarat , CCath. 5562 . cf. fiórnámha `a veritable foe ' TD 13.8 . ¤chlérech a true cleric: las na firclerchiu, Mon. Tall. § 13 . ¤dia the real God PH 433 (see above). ¤flaith a true, rightful prince: issin t[ṡ]ossud na fírflatha, LU 10752 ( TE 11 ). cosin f. (i.e. God) SR 1812 . ¤ true King: isé in fír-rig (of God) PH 1808 . Passing into sense of exact: ¤chenn sróna the very tip ZCP iii 34.19 . co firc[h]leit[h]i sleibi Olimp the very summit CCath. 5629 . i ¤dorus Chilli M. right in front of Trip. 136.16 . gáeth ... ina ¤ētan right in their faces LU 2184 ( FA 26 ). hi firmedón na cuardae the very centre BDD 72 . ¤mhullach Sléibi Smóil the very top Acall. 3925 . i ffiorthaobh ratha Oiligh the very side of the fort Leb. Gab.(i) i. 180.18 (cf. a dorus assa firthoeb (of the Ark) SR 2468 , where pref. seems otiose). 'na firiarthur right at the west end SR 4256 . ¤iarthar in betha, TTr.² 40 . frisin n-eclais a ¤thuaid due north of the church SR 4440 . i ¤ichtur inn aigeoin the very bottom CCath. 1386 . (hence adj. ¤íchtarach: superl. don chuid is fíríochtaruidh don bholg the innermost parts Proverbs xxvi 22 ). for a fir-uachtur on its very top SR 4332 . i ffíorthosach na bliadhna, AFM vi 2096.4 . ó fhíorthús na n-aimsear from earliest times TSh. 2917 . Very common with abstracts = true, genuine or merely intens. downright, sheer: ¤aicned: bretha firaicnid `judgements of true nature' Laws i 16.10 . a fīraicned screptra ┐ chuibsi, Ériu i 214.6 . ¤athrige genuine repentance PH 2241 . ¤chaín true smoothness; gentleness , in phr. f.¤ fáilte a hearty welcome: IT i 120.32 . Acall. 5830 . Ériu iii 164.11 ; xi 195.35 . ZCP vi 31.15 . ¤deacht true Godhead Hy ii 42 . ¤déirc true charity: tobar ¤deirce, ZCP viii 199.21 . ¤féchain scrutinizing: aca firechain cona dligthech, etc. looking to see that it is lawfully ... Laws iv 20.27 Comm. , cf. aca ¤dechsain, 22.29 , ZCP viii 205.33 . ¤grád true love: idir an bhfíor-ghrádh ... ┐ an grádh tacair, TSh. 8953 . ¤ítu intense thirst: follscadh firiotan, Leb. Gab.(i) i 28.2 . ¤less real profit SR 322 . ¤róen a downright defeat SR 5092 . ¤thnúth ` deep envy ' Ériu iv 92 § 5 . Oft. apparently otiose and freq. used for sake of alliteration: togha fírbhech ár bfoghluim `of most genuine bees' O'Gr. Cat. 475.22 . ar a fad nó ar a ¤leithett, AFM vi 2082.1 . agá fforach ┐ acca ffírlenmhain, 2318.1 . cossmhailes foichedh -bheach, 2224.3 . an faircle ¤leac fionnaolta na feineistre [sic leg.], Hugh Roe 288.27 (f. 76a) . ag déanamh fíorluit is foghla, Keat. ii 3262 .

(c) forming real compds. in which the meaning of subst. is modified: f.¤chruithnecht selected (?) wheat LU 8121 . ¤íasc salmon: cora ḟiresc `a salmon-weir ' RC xxvi 136.23 . bratan fireisc, Lism. L. viii 18 . lethar fírésc `salmon skin' MacCongl. 89.9 = cris d'iucraibh fīréisc, 122.35 (see also u. -uisce). ¤lemnacht fresh milk LU 8120 ( FB 9 ). Acall. 829 . ¤thipra a spring LL 30a1 . ¤uisce fresh water (opp. to brine), spring water ZCP v 24.2 . CCath. 1742 . BColm. 52.11 . Fl. Earls 90.20 . Études Celt. i 86.16 . Proverbs xviii 4 . eisg firuisgi fresh-water fish Rosa Angl. 40z .

B With adj. as advbl. pref. in sense truly, genuinely, downright or merely intens. ¤amnas very keen SR 1830 . ¤cruind perfectly round 36 . ¤derb quite certain Wb. 12c12 . ¤doim ` really poor ' Mon. Tall. 46 . ¤éolach ` truly learned ' Ériu iv 144.8 . Oft. merely for alliteration (cf. A, b above); faideran ¤gorm, Acall. 367 . fomor ¤grán[d]a, 1884 . féige finn ¤ṡolus, LL 385c23 . In such adjs. as fírbrethach just in judgment ( Ériu i 122.9 . ZCP xi 96 § 55 . Cáin Ad. 21 ), ¤epertach truth-speaking ( PH 6499 . RC xxv 396.16 ), fír belongs to the noun fr. which the adj. is formed. ¤ferr truly the best: an agh dob fhírfhearr dar n-ealbhaidh, PBocht 4.9 . C With vb. (chiefly in poetry), intens. or merely otiose (met. gr.): rofirchrap, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 69 = IT iii 99 § 164 . ga file nach fiorchuala?, Top. Poems 24.12 ( Top. Poems² 224 ). cía lia fer le fír-gairthir `is rightly called' Metr. Dinds. iii 60 . fíreba[i]r (: fīnemain) will be quaffed (ibid.) ACL iii 238.23 . fírníamhfuid will purify Ezekiel xliii 26 . fírfoscaigfider, Rawl. 111b15 (gl. on: forbuascaigfider). mōr fiad resa fīrtheichet from which they flee in earnest Ériu vii 4.15 . ro fíorthiorchanadh lá fáidhibh was foretold truly AFM vi 2298.8 .

2 glór

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 glór or dil.ie/26142
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: glóir

n (glár) o, m., n s. also glóir (: cōir), SR 1368 . glór glár, masc., IGT Decl. § 96 . voice, sound, noise : no labraidis na ceithri tre glor ndaenda, CCath. 886 . Cf. AFM i 296.2 . ar nglór eissídh `our discordant voices,' Studies 1921, 589 § 7 . a Ferguis ... coi[sc] do glór ndúr, SG 240.37 . Adér do ghlár (: lár) mheanmnach mhear, IGT Decl. ex. 1722 . In company with guth : ní raibhi ... guth ná glór | is-tigh acht uch is ochón, Ériu iv 118 § 29 . do ṡaine gloir ┐ gotha, CCath. 1616 ; 2769 . go romheabhaidh for a ghlor ┐ for a ghuth, AFM vi 2288.1 . Cf. blór .i. guth no glór, O'Cl. g s. Gaill glóir `the loud-voiced foreigners,' Arch. Hib. ii 73 § 52 ( LL 184a48 ). pl. crichid class, co ngloraib cruth, SR 597 . glóir budh aoibhne rem aigneadh voices, TD 36.4 . Of speech, utterance : do dánacht gloir ocus do boccacht urlabra, CCath. 5019 . Of Nesta : iss eside bá gaithe glór ┐ ba cintigi comairle, TTr. 1772 ( LL 240b23 ). ag indisin a gloir ┐ a chomraith fein, TTebe 1157 . leinbhín fa glic nglóir, Acall. 633 . cuire genmnaidh ba bec glár (: lár), SG 23.5 . do rāidhius ris ... | begān glōir do budh mōr neimh, ZCP viii 223 § 12 . ce dubh a ghlór (gl. a chaint), v 483 § 5 (B. na Filed). glór gan adhmoille `speech without slowness,' Top. Poems 24.13 . uirsgeál ... | do ghlór an sgrioptúir an sgéal from the Scripture the story is, Dán Dé v 22 . niór chanas ... glór ribh acht do reacht leabhar, Content. xxiv § 23 . glár budh iomnáir d'aithris, xx § 12 ; xxv § 3 . gach glór ... do ráidh every utterance of hers, TD 39.4 . deacair srian re baothghlór mban, 21.27 . pl. glórtha an té atá a n-édothchus, Job vi 26 . In unflattering sense gabbling, talkativeness (?) : glōr (one of the 15 tokens of a bad woman), ZCP viii 113.22 . Adv. d'oin-ghlór unanimously : ag a rádh d'aon-ghlór, Keat. iii 3194 . Cf. ba hē aonghlór na sochraite unanimous utterance, ZCP xiv 223.11 . Of sound or noise in general : tairm ocus glor na sochaide do cloistin, Laws iii 202.7 Comm. glór tarbhach do dhéanamh réna theangaidh, TSh. 7413 . glór na ndiabhal the din raised by the demons, 6711 . Of the note of birds : d'upthaib ban, na (sic leg.) do glór en, PH 7316 . Keat. ii 5446 . Of the elements and of inanimate things : glór na gáethi tresin sín, LL 298a23 ( SG 366.21 ). sniges risin Gairb a glór, 22 . teach ... tré nach cuireann gaoth a glór, DDána 119 § 25 . muir ... can anad da glór ┐ da gredan, TTebe 4471 . re gloraib na srian aca n-imnastad `the sounds of the bridles,' TTebe 2332 . Fig.= fame (?) : allud a deig-[g]loir, AU i 442.17 . g s. Loch Gabair in glóir famed, Ériu x 77 § 15.

Compds. ¤binn sweet-voiced : Mlaise ... glorbinn, SG 32.10 . BB 427a37 . ¤bresmaidm noisy crash : gredon ┐ glor-bresmaidm na mbuiden, TTebe 2808 . ¤cendais gentle-voiced , BB 427b8 . ¤dorcha of unintelligible utterance : fá dhanaraibh gruama glórdhorcha, TD 34.37 . ¤gáibthech terrible-sounding : garbh-eas glór-gháibhtheach, CF 241 . (Eg.). ¤gáir loud (or clear ?) cry, CCath. 2230 (v.l.). ¤gal shouting (?) LL 4a38 . ¤gargg rough-spoken : docer Fergal ... lasin nglórgargg, LL 133a10 . ¤gasta ready of speech : Goll g., Duan. F. i 11.25 . ¤glonnach (or 1 glór ?) noisy (of the sea) : cumgeba a grith glorglonnach, SR 8107 . ¤grith noise, clamour : ro choisc glorgrith na habond, TBC-LL¹ 3906 St. ¤málla soft spoken, TD 18.34 . ¤medrach cheerful-voiced : siol Gaoidhil gloirmeadhraigh, Top. Poems 6.2 . ¤meirtnech listless-voiced : a Ifrind glormeirtnich, YBL 151b31 . ¤naoi pleasant-voiced , Dánta Gr. 70.28 .

1 recht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 recht or dil.ie/34898

 

Forms: rect, rechto, recto, rectto, rechta, rechta, recht, recte, racht, reacht

n u, m. O.Ir. n s. in rect , Wb. 13d27 . g s. ind rechto , 15a34 , cf. 1d16 , 21b13 , Ml. 60b12 , 74b7 . recto, Thes. ii 247.15 ( Cambr. 38a ), Wb. 2b26 . rectto, 1d15 , 4d11 . rechta, 18c9 , 21c1 (rccta). Ml. 74b5 . Mid.Ir. rechta. n d. in da recht , Wb. 29a16 . n p. recte, 29a16 . a p. tri dub-rechtu, Thes. ii 357.5 ( Hy. vii ). In Mid.Ir. occas. treated as neut.: n s. recht n-airberta, Eg. 88 f. 21a ( O'Curry 2280 ), Alex. 851 below (perh. to be taken as d s.). Occas. written racht. reacht m. (g s. n p. -a), IGT Dec. § 95 (p. 127.14) .

(a) law , in wide sense of a collective system of prescripts, whether traditional or codified or inherent; in Glosses = Lat. lex (later superseded by dliged). reacht, dlighe, lagh, Eg. Gl. 520 . forcetul recto Dee, Thes. ii 247.15 . iar riaglaib in rechta diada, PH 4227 . rom-soír-sa rect spirto di rect pectho (gl. lex spiritus . . . a lege peccati ), Wb. 3d20 . in rect comaccobuir file i mballaib caích the law of concupiscence , 13d27 . ro taisfen filidecht ┐ brethemnas ┐ recht fer nErend olchéna, RC vi 165.2 ( LU 9777 ). is tre ḟír flathemon cach recht rán, ZCP xi 81 § 12 . recht, ┐ enech, ┐ ainim (foundations of social ordinances), Laws i 230.4 (glossed: recht, .i. flatha. Enech, .i. Feni . . . Ainim, .i. eclasa, ib. 9 ). fer rechta i n-ecosc dilsigh . . . . . . do marbhadh, iii 214.20 (i.e. killing a man who is within the protection of the law, a homo legalis, in mistake for an outlaw). elodhach rechta `an absconder from law', v 174.17 . breth rechta a legal judgement , PH 2810 . mar ar horduigheadh reacht is dlighe . . . ar Éirinn, Keat. iii 2349 .

(b) recht aicnid the law of nature (morality arising from natural instinct): tar recht ṅ-aicnid, gl. cis naturae leges, Sg. 217b16 . Used esp. of the moral law before the Mosaic legislation: recht aicnig ro bai la firu Erind [sic] co tiachtain creitme, Laws iii 26 y . ateoch huile thuicsenchu rechta aicnid, im Aibel, im Sheth, etc., Ir. Lit. 32.15 . ni aidlingcet o nachaib rechtaib nā fúiglib nā brethemnachtaib acht recht n-aicnid namma, Alex. 851 .

(c) in Glosses and earliest rel. lit. used (generally without art.) in special sense of the Mosaic law (later a qualifying gen. or adj. is usual): is he-side ro fiugrad i rrecht et adfiadar i soscelu, Wb. 18c8 . is ed ro boi hi rrecht digal cutrummae frissin peccad, Ml. 54c2 . in recht arsata Muisi, PH 487 . Gamaliél .i. sai rechta, 1649 . aos rechta (those under the Mosaic dispensation), Hib. Min. 7.206 . luid fo recht . . . Críst i callaind Enair was made subject to the law (by circumcision), Fél. Jan. 1 . do fuagradh isin tsenrecht can muic do ithe, Maund. 61 . eagluis an tsean-rachda, Eochairsg. 5 z . ro scríb [Moyse] i llébraib in rechta fáthacda, PH 5731 . ateoch huli thuicsinchu rechta fatha, im Eliam, im Eliseum, etc. the law of the prophets , Ir. Lit. 32.20 . racht faide . . . .i. diriataidh na faistine ro bi ac na faidhib anallut, Laws iii 30.23 .

Of the new dispensation or Gospel law: in da recht . . . uetus et nouum nó na tri recte .i. naturae rl, Wb. 29a16 . on dib rachtaib .i. ho phetarlaicc ┐ nufhiadnaise, PH 6783 . coinneal tóidhius teóra reachta (of Colum C.), ZCP viii 197 § 11 (as fem.). ateoch huile thuicsenchu rechta nuafiadnaise, Ir. Lit. 32.22 . scéla an rechta naeí, RC x 184.3 . seacht sacramuinti an nuai-reacht, Mac Aingil 2.8 Pref. ).

r.¤ litre the written law, scripture: racht n-aicnig ┐ racht litre (.i. tucastar Patraic leis), Laws iii 28.3 , 7 . Cf. ib. 30.31 . ateoch huili thuicsenchu rechta litre, im Moysi, etc., Ir. Lit. 32.18 (where recht. l. is used of O.T.). Similarly: doridnacht recht bérlai báin do Moyse, Ériu iv 136.7 (where bérla bán = Latin, the lang. of Scripture).

In later writers of Scripture or church law: don Choimdi[d] ni comharba | nech nā lega a recht, ACL iii 313 § 14 . a n-aghoidh reachta ┐ chreidimh eguilsi De, Fl. Earls 112.28 . éin-eglas, éun-bhaisdedh ┐ éin-réchd, Parrth. Anma 52.20 .

(d) of a particular law or ordinance : dia ro fuirmed recht Adomnáin for Góedelaib, FA 32 = r.¤ nA., LB. intí téte fo recht n-imdibi the law of circumcision , Wb. 20a12 . do rect fognama do fiur the law of service to a husband , 10b22 . So in pl.: i carnd fhind na racht is na riaghal, Ériu x 84 § 75 (: seacht, leg. reacht). sruth Tibir i rRóim na recht, ZCP viii 106 § 7 . Loosely used in chevilles: innis dúinni tré rechtaib (i.e. as is due?), Anecd. i 29 § 34 .

(e) authority, rule : Maelmorda . . . glorda a ṡét is a recht ríg. LL 30a29 . do chruas rechta ríg Ailig `sway', O'Gr. Cat. 384.7 . níor chanas . . . glór ribh acht do reacht leabhar `according to the books', Content. xxiv 23 . recht n-abaidh iar sein ro gab the authority (office) of an abbot , ZCP viii 115.6 .

(f) in abstr. sense right, lawfulness : racht .i. ceart, Lec. Gl. 116 M . recht .i. cuimsech, O'Dav. 1349 . lucht mo ríartha ba recht lais do beith accom he thought it right that I should have people to serve me (?), ZCP viii 220 § 31 . a ndernadar a daoine | re Dia dh'adhbhar egaoine | reacht lind go dtanaig astegh | ar brághaid ghill na nGaoidheal we deemed it just until it was visited upon the hostage of the G. , Irish Texts ii 105 y . ? ra recht rubad, TBC-LL¹ 1667 (`das Recht der Erstechungen', Windisch). ? fri cach racht cid fiala a flaithe though their chiefs be generous to every claim (?), ACL iii 296 § 38 .

Rare in compds.: mór a recht-blad dar rígaib `his rightful fame', Metr. Dinds. ii 48.34 . dā recht-iarla `two just rulers' ( administrators of law ?), MacCarthy 176 § 5 ( LL 128a51 ).

1 suim

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 suim or dil.ie/39232

 

n f.(Lat. summa, cf. suimmi)

I

(a) summary, résumé, gist, short account : a s.¤ . . . triallfaidter sunn a tecclaim co cert ┐ co commair (the happenings in a battle), CCath. 4409 . s.¤ senchusa Gaoidhiol Grég, L. Cl. A. B. 125.49 . s.¤ ar chéad-chanas `a summary of my first poem', Content. xxi 18 . s.¤ aithghearr na staire, Keat. iii 2469 . gur nocht s.¤ na haislinge d'Art `the substance of the vision', ii 4655 . cuiridh ughdar áiridhe a sh.¤ so a mbegán mbriathar summarizes the above in a few words, Mac Aingil 206.3 . do Sh. a Dhiadhachta (of St. Thomas) = Summa Theologiae, TSh. 2881 (cf. 9751 ). Freq. in phr. is é (í, eadh) a sh.¤ in a word, to sum up, to make a long story short: is é s.¤ ar sgeoil, PBocht 5.41 . asé a sh.¤ , Studies 1921, 258 § 7 . ní leanabh air,—isé a sh.¤ | gur sgar a ceann re a colainn, Dánta Gr. 81.11 . is í a sh.¤ , Dán Dé xv 27 . is eadh a sh.¤ , Aithd. D. 37.8 . Cf. Cenel Moain . . . | airgid uile is nirb é a sh.¤ and that was not all, Irish Texts ii 43 § 20 .

(b) amount, sum, quantity, number : dobhéruinn an ts.¤ áirighth[e] si do phluirensuibh óir dhuit air, Ériu v 170.123 . creud as s.¤ dona haitentaibh? how many commandments are there in all? Luc. Fid. 85.y . s.¤ āirighthe do bairillighip a certain number, Fl. Earls 52.26 . ré cur an áirimh-se uile i n-aonts.¤ , Keat. ii 461 . s.¤ dá soighdeōiribh, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 19.8 . s.¤ marcshluaigh, 30.6 . fetur and sin an ts.¤ is mo do tobairt de the full quantity, Rosa Angl. 288.25 . buar gach prionnsa, is s.¤ gach gléis don tsógh complete amount (?), Hackett xli 7 . an ts.¤ gill the amount of the mortgage, Trans. RIA xv 27 ix . do chum an sionnach a s.¤ (leg. sh.¤?) | re rae teacht Chríost i gcolainn age, Content. xi 9 . breis, bárr, nó s.¤ `increase, improvement, or value', Oss. iii 234.23 . as mór an ts.¤ ar a bhfhuáir misi sáoirsi na cathrach sin, Acts xxii 28 . thugus an t-s.¤ sin a g-céill I realized that much (?), Oss. iv 26.2 .

(c) weight, importance, interest : ar bhfearg mhór ní mór a s.¤ `our great anger matters little', Studies 1921, 589 § 6 . lé neithibh gan s.¤ gan tábhacht, Donlevy 174.11 . a tréad barrfhionnbhan gan samhail a séad dá s.¤ unrivalled by any possession however considerable (?), Hackett viii 8 . gídh ataoi thú aniodh faoí thorpán criadh, gan t-sh.¤, gan aráid `sans considération', RC xxiii 10.3 . ? mās fer suime é tōgbhail suas ar a mhaoin ... mās duine lom é a chrochadh man of substance, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 20.22 (or to sommae?). Síol gCuinn ar h'uaigh ag anadh, | do chúaidh [a] s.¤ ar siobhal, L. Cl. A. B. 74.110 .

II In phrases.

(a) cuirid i s.¤ assesses, attaches importance to, makes much of: mo cheana sul gcuirtí i s.¤ `ere Thou judgest my deserts', A. Ó Dálaigh xxxiv 9 . nír chosmhail a chur a s.¤ | síneadh cinn do Choin Chuluinn `it were unreasonable to point to C.', Studies 1921, 258 § 5 . do bhí cách 'ga chor i s.¤ `everyone has noticed', TD 18.2 . níor chuiriomar súd i s.¤ `I did not make much of it', 22.19 . do badh cuirthe i s.¤ `a point worth proving', Content. xiii 18 . ní hé an bás corpardha is ionchuir i s.¤ san áit se it is not physical death that should here be considered, TSh. 7876 . as cuirthe a s.¤ `it should be valued', MS. Mat. 568.1 . Hence shows, demonstrates, makes known : ní beag nod dá chur i s.¤ `to show you what I mean', Content. xxvii 4 . comharrtha . . . le ccuirid Catoilicidh a s.¤ os aird an onoir . . . lea n-adhraid Dia, Luc. Fid. 189.7 . cuiris Deirdre i s.¤ méad a seirce dhó `revealed to him how greatly she loved him', Keat. ii 2966 . Note also: Gaoidhiol i s.¤ do saoiliodh, L. Cl. A. B. 143.128 . i s.¤ in esteem (?), Keat. Poems 907 .

(b) s.¤ i interest in, act of valuing, paying attention to, etc.: s.¤ d'fhior go mór na mhaith féin `should value excessively', Content. xiv 61 . beag s.¤ an ghormoirir . . . | i bhfoghloidhibh Fhuinn Éibhir cares little about, TD 13.11 . beag a sh.¤ i maith ná i maoin, Dánta Gr. 2.10 . With prec. atá: id bhogha ní beithte s.¤ `no one need mind your bow', Content. xxiii 18 . adeir . . . nach bhíuil s.¤ aige féin annsna Pápadhaibh, Eochairsg. 9.11 . nach raibhe s.¤ aca sna sealbhaibh saoghalta `they set no store on', Keat. iii 1137 . gan cás nā s.¤ do bheith againn a n-éinní not to be disturbed by, Desid. 685 . With cuirid: san tsúil . . . | ná cuir s.¤ ná seadh, DDána 8.5 . ná cuir suím 'na bhfeicfidh tú `heed not', Oss. iv 248.25 . ? With léicid: ná leig níos sia s.¤ i mímheas | cia dod chloinn bhus díleas duit, Keat. Poems 1315 .

(c) do-gní s.¤ de: mar nách déanadh s.¤ do smuaineadh as he did not trouble to reflect, Desid. 5175 . tre . . . neamhbhuidheachas na bpeacach, do ni beagsh.¤ dona moirthiodhlaicibh makes little of, Luc. Fid. 232.4 .

tochomaitecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tochomaitecht or dil.ie/41085

 

n [ā, f.] (Cf. comaitecht) accompaniment: a canas in triar anechtar iss ed chanas na tri sacairt ar medon, i t.¤ fo chutruma fríu, Misc. Ascoli 376 § 27.