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1 á

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 á or dil.ie/12
Last Revised: 2013

 

n [s?] cart. war-chariot . See Marstrander, Ériu v 252 ; LEIA dunaib aaib gl. axibus, Ml. 96c12 . ā .i. fēn nō carr . . . with ex. (B. na f.): in essar dam do ā? / tó mena má mo á / ara taire mo á mō / mani má do á, tó, Corm. Y 70 . a .i. carr no carbad, O'Cl. Cf. an doastar dam do á? (.i. in esci dam do charr?) / tó maine má (.i. dogebair mina maidhe) / arataire mo á mo (.i. mo charr co moch) / maine ma do á to (.i. mina maide do charr, ticfa), Eg. 1782, 6a1 . (cited from Contribb.) Quatrain also cited in Ériu xi 43 to explain mó .i. moch.

1 aí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aí or dil.ie/714

 

Forms: áe, aiib

also áe. Poss. pron. 3 s. and 3 pl. all genders (see GOI § 444 ). his, hers, its, theirs: proprium .i. ái, Sg. 27a5 . ae .i. malorum gl. sui, Ml. 73b15 . huile bith ba hae hé (ba hai he, ba he aai, ba haoi ae, v.ll.) `the whole world it was his', ACC 19 . is ai talam ┐ muir `whose are earth and sea', Imr. Brain 15 § 27 . i ngait nádbi aí for the theft (of property) which is not his, Críth G. 218 . marob ar aile ín fir bed a ai do digsid `of the man whose property they are', Laws iv 126.2 Comm. eclas Dé bíi / léic díi anas n-ái `leave to her what is hers', Fél. 4.9 . With art.: a n-ái .i. a sainreth `its own i.e. what is proper to it', Sg. 29b3 . a ṅái gl. suum, 28a17 . genitiu aitrebthaig .i. sui .i. ind ái fo ṡodin, 209b5 . inna n-ae no ai gl. sui, Ml. 16d7 . inna n-ai gl. illorum, Sg. 198a16 . Preceded by unstressed form of the poss. in relative clause: intí bessa haí Cassel he to whom Cashel will belong, Anecd. iii 63.14 . aineclann cháich as a aí the honour price of each person who owns it (i.e. the mill), Críth G. 240 . bes a h-ai in fiach sin whose debt it is, Ériu xi 69.4 . Cf. neach le naigfedh me as a ae, ZCP iii 378.22 = neach len laighfed (.i. re cuirfedh) mé assa āe (.i. assi seilb), v 485.1 (B. na f.).

In Ml. the follg. artificial usages are Latinisms (see Thurn. Gramm. loc. cit.). The use of inflected pl. forms e.g. d p. aiib gl. de suis, 121b11 . The use of an unstressed poss. pron. before such pl. forms in order to distinguish his (pred.) from theirs e.g. á aii gl. (voluerit eos) suos (vocari), 92c10 . a n-aii gl. (né cupiditas dominorum sé) suosque (detereret), 121d15 . á aii .i. filios israhel gl. suos, 75c1 .

As partitive gen. (later replaced by de): aen n-ai one of them, Laws v 314.9 . cach áe, aí each of them: cach ae for alaill, Ml. 96b4 . nímmalle act is cach æ fo leith, Wb. 17d2 . ni sain cach hæ hi crist ni mó bríg cach he alailiu, 19c19 . cach hæ, 27b8 . cach næ (neut.), 12c46 . fri cach n-ae, Sg. 28b8 . do cach ae, 50a5 . cechae co cléir chredail / robet ocomm chobuir, Fél. Ep. 43 . la haithgein cach n-áe, Críth G. 225 . bés tige cach áe, 21 . i lláim cach hae, BDD² 1280 . cethrur cech æ, Fianaig. 12 § 13 . ar cech n-áe, TBFr. 24 . ar cech n-aí, 78 . magnificat la cach naí, Mon. Tall. 129.9 . do erslocad cach ai to open each of them, Hib. Min. 7.227 . ar cach ái, Metr. Dinds. iii 382.12 . Folld. by prep. DI: cech ae díb `each of these', Ml. 146a2 . cach hae díib son `i.e. each of them', Sg. 74b4 . cach ái díb, Mon. Tall. 161.7 . la cach n-oe díb, BDD² 897 . Note also: dus cia dhiobh no beith la gach ae uaidhibh, Leb. Gab.(i) 282.14 . cechtar n-aí each of (the two of) them: cechtar ái, Thes. ii 249.11 . dí laim cechtar n-ai im olaile, Trip.² 1768 . a charr ar bélaib cechtar n-a(e)i, Críth G. 592 . fo grúad cechtar n-oí, BDD² 995 . cechtar n-ái, TBC-LL¹ 5412 . la ceachtar n-ae díb with each of the two, BDD² 234 . tincsetar glinni cechtar n-aí díb, MU² 115 . indala n-aí (undeclined) one of the two,: togu indala n-ai `to choose one of the twain', Wb. 4c13 . indala n-aí . . . alaile, Trip.² 765 . elcuig indala næ, ruibidh alailiu, ZCP viii 105.11 . lasindara n-ōi, xiii 177.18 . indala haí is dub alaile (sic leg.) is find, BDD² 1302 . Without the art.: ar lēicse ala aī di arailiu, ZCP xv 316 § 10 . ar nī frīth ala ai do thacru for one of the two could not be found to plead, 354 § 42. dá [n]dorus [n-]and — comla[e] ar ala n-aí, Críth G. 101 . na, nach áe any (with neg. vb. (none) of them: ni torban na áe mani bǽ desercc `none of them profiteth unless there be charity', Wb. 12b33 . na he gl. nullum, BCr. 43c1 (neg. vb. implied). co nā rogainn nach æ (na hé v.l.) ann, ZCP iii 452.7 . ni nach æ it is not any of them, Hib. Min. 198 . ní thairmescad nach ai alaile, LU 8566 ( FB 42 ). nechtar n-aí either of the two: o nechtar nái `from either of the two', Sg. 37b18 . ni ain nechtar náii `He will not protect either of them', Wb. 25d14 .

aílech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aílech or dil.ie/987

 

n o (cf. 1 áel, 2 áel?) dung, manure: indebar .i. áilech, O'Dav. 1127 . ma do rona . . . tuar no a.¤ for in ferand, O'D. 1670 (H. 5.15, 25b). do charr .i. ailich no arbu, Laws i 170.2 Comm. do thuar no d'ailech fair dorattad, iv 132.17 Comm. re a thuair nó a ailigh, 136.18 Comm. do-ghenair or . . . don a.¤ ┐ don othrach . . . ata innut, ITS xxix 120.30 . ag buain oileamhna as an aoileach, TSh. 924 . a ndein an dam d'aoilech ┐ d'ḟual, Maund. 148 . i carn aoiligh, TSh. 909 . a broind áoilich `from the middle of a dunghill', BNnÉ 325 § 42 .

Compd. ¤-moirt excremental sediment, sewage: aoileachmhoirt ┐ uile shalchar ifrionda, Desid. 4290 .

2 fothach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 fothach or dil.ie/24158

 

n s, n. rendered by Binchy ` base (of the mill)' and analyzed as fo + tech `under house' a lit. rendering of the term for the lower chamber of the Shetland mill described by Curwen. f.¤ muilinn .i. linn mhuilinn, O'Cl. dorochair an macaomh i fothaig in mhuilinn go ro báidedh BNnÉ 27 § 22 . roreithetar ... dochum muilind ... co mbátar im charr an moil isind ḟothaig, Hib. Min. 70 § 1 = raithset co fothach muilind m.D ... sind fothaich, Rawl. 134b46 - 7 . xv scripaill do lind ┐ .v. scripaill innir [ = a mir ?] o thobur cu lind ┐ .v. s. do fothaigh, O'D. 2318 ( Rawl. B 506, f. 32b2 ). luan d othaigh mairt do lind ib. O'D. 2317 (of rotation in use of a mill). See Binchy, Ériu xvii p. 84 f .

madrad, matrad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. madrad, matrad or dil.ie/31235

 

Forms: matraid, madraid

n o, m., (later madra, IGT Dec. § 30 ) a dog: in comfhat bís in m.¤ i n-a chuilén, PH 7415. animm in madraid, 7418 . v s. a charr-matraid!, MacCongl. 101.14 . madra mór, Imr. Brain i 67.30 . madra gairbhḟindach, Acall. 1900. itir . . . chat ┐ mhadra, ZCP ii 62.6 . in matra, cía beith do gairbe a gotha, ZCP iii 34.18 . iar marbad . . . a matra, ib. 28 . ar an madradh . . . darab ainm Cerberus, TSh. 1030. ó neart an mhadraidh, Psalms xxii 20. pl. madraid, Aisl. Tond. 99 § 3. re madraibh, PH 7415. mar mhadradha (= ut canes), TSh. 6553. m.¤ allaid a wild dog, i.e. a wolf: croicinn madra allaid, Ir. Gl. 275. madruigh allta, Acts xx 29 . do mharbhadar na madraoi laogh, ZCP ii 562.13 = maic tíre, ib. 19 .

umae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. umae or dil.ie/43136

 

Forms: humu, umu

n io, n., later m. copper, also bronze, brass; renders Lat. æs, æreus Wb. 12b7 , SR 5765 , see exx. below: uma ab humo, ar is de ūir donīther, Corm. Y 1298 . uim (v.l. uimm) .i. uma, 1273 . O'Dav. 1609 . O'Cl. umha, m., IGT, Decl. § 2 . n s. humae fogrigedar .i. crabud cen desercc (gl. aes sonans), Wb. 12b27 (corresp. to: umha ag déanamh foghair, TSh. 9412 ; mar phrás, 1 Corinth. xiii 1 ). cid as búaine for bith? ... fér, umae, ibar `copper,' Tec. Corm. § 20 . ad-mestar humae asa daingnib denib dluthaib, ZCP xi 94 § 40 . ferr uma cech aicdi aird | cia théit muga ni geib meirg, Ériu ix 48.26 (= LL 147b z). uma n-án n-aircidhe (v.l. nargide), Anecd. ii 58 § 20 . umha ar a cumanuibh `brass (rings) upon their hurling-sticks,' Laws ii 146.18 Comm. (here dist. from `créduma' though both are rendered `brass' in transl.). triun do ansolam i triun airgit, .i. uma indiu, iii 150.16 (cf. anfolam i triun airgit .i. uma indiu, 23 P 3, 25b ). umu do rath (.i. umu do thabairt isin rath), Laws v 220.12 (26). Chalcecaumenon .i. in t-uma loisgthe , ACL i 332.41 = [a]es ustum .i. umha loisgthe `burnt brass,' RC ix 232 . mar théid an t-umha is an t-ór | téid an t-aoibhneas 's an t-anshógh, Ir. Monthly 1922, 295 § 12 ( DDána p. 160 ). an brég nar ḟalaigh a humha | créd fa dtabhair lugha lé, IGT, Decl. ex. 47 . a s. umaide .i. imrit in uma `who work in brass,' Laws v 94.22 Comm. (= in t-uma, 90.25 Comm. ). etir fin ┐ uma ┐ etach ┐ iarn, Ann. Conn. 1258 § 6 . a mbí idir ór is umha `copper,' TD 7.21 . mar umha dá sgrios le sgiain, | mall rian a iongan ar chruit chaoin, Measgra D. 6.29 . g s. admestar hírinn asa ilménib: méin óir, méin airgit, mein umai, méin lúadi, méin iairn, ZCP xi 85 § 39 . argetlach do méin uma no iarainn, Laws iv 278.15 . Cf. [airgetlach] .i. loc i mbi ... mein in airgit, no in uma, no in iaraind, i 170.17 (= mén iarn no humma no creda ..., O'Curry 797 (< H 3.18, 370 ). coire uma, LL 296a27 . tathai cairi humai i tallai torcc (of the `bóaire'), iv 310 z (= Críth G. 197 ). rucad coiri humai do P. (=aeneus), Trip. 230.5 (= umaidi, Trip.² 2721 ). cetna gnim gnisset marchloc | dabach humai istudloc, SR 4198 (= umaide, LB 120b6 ). dabach huma ... fri hindlatt, Rawl. 79a35 ( 2 Chron. iv ). tothlaigestar dig a llestar humi, LU 10597 . a hiallacrann humai glain | otha a glúine co talmain (of Goliath), SR 5765 (: ocreas aereas, 1 Reg. xvii 6 ). secht stíalla umai ón damdabaich co cléithe issin tig, TBFr. § 7 . sé senistri déc ..., ┐ comlae humae ar cech n-aí, ib. cuiṅg umai darsa forlés, ib. cetheora ochtga humai for imdai A. ┐ M., ib. eó uma isin brutt, TBC-LL¹ 5286 . coicruth co mbuale umae, Fianaig. 14.25 (see ib. p. 2 ). dubsciath co mbuailid humae, TBC-I¹ 3211 (= co caladbuailid findruini, TBC-LL¹ 5271 ). d s. tob di humu `a trumpet of bronze,' Ml. 2b16 . di umu , Laws v 410.19 Comm. dá ídal deacc ... chumtachta ó uma, Trip.² 1006 (=aerei fabricati Lat. Lives 52 ). a bruinne ┐ a leasracha d'umha (=ex aere, Dan. ii 32 ), TSh. 57 .

Cf. im claide alla ... for umad `for piercing a cliff for copper ore,' Laws i 184.13 .

airm i n-arrasar a n-uma don cletiniu the bronze blade (?), LU 5811 = fochuridar a úma don chlettin forsin sruth, TBC-LL¹ 2073 .

fidh-cheangal do dhéanamh ar chuithe ... an chroidhe ... ionnus nach géabhadh teannáil na toile bhíos ag aol-losgadh na hanma ... ag buain ... umha ghuirm na hurchóide dhi-múchadh chuice=`verdigris' TSh. 1859 .

As material of harp-strings: cruit ... ar thrí téad, | ... téad d'iarann, teud d'umha ān, | an ceadna d'arccod iomlán, Manners and Customs iii 223 n. binnither toirm tét n-umi | sephnait aingil inmuini | fogur gotha in gáethmaill glain, Ériu iv 96 § 15 . luin dubha Ghlinne na nGealt | binne iná in t-umha a n-éisdeacht, IGT, Decl. ex. 1496 . ó táid gotha an umha fann, | cuir-se téad charr in do chruit, Measgra D. 7. 131 . ar n-éag inghine hÍ Cheallaigh | is Taidhg ... | ní háil bas do bhuain umha (v.l. dumha) | do chuaidh as an ealudha, Ir. Monthly 1921, 161 § 28 (= DDána p. 246 ). nó go searg le snáth umha | a ḟearg ní háth iondula DDána 100.30 .

Compds.: umachaire a copper caldron , Críth G. 364 . uma-dāilem[?], Corm. Y 569 . uma-lestar (or -lestrae, collect.) a brazen vessel : cach umhalestar (v.l. um a lestra) cen mudh, O'Dav. 681 . huma-lestrai, Críth G. 405 . In n.l.: Humarrith ainm ind atha sin copper-ford (?), LU 5812 (where -rith=W. rhyd `ford,' Meyer, RC xvi 89 ). LL here has Uman-ṡruth, St umha sruth, TBC-LL¹ p. 275 . Cf. umharradh .i. umha ṡruth .i. sruth an umha, O'Cl.