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1 acht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 acht or dil.ie/200
Last Revised: 2019

(freq. act in O. Ir. glosses). See GOI § 908 . Later ach.

I As prep. with accus. (see Ériu xvii 79 , ZCP xxv 237 , Ériu lx 137-42 )

(a) save, except (lit. outside, Thurn.): cách act tiamthe `every one save Timothy', Wb. 23d5 . bacc de echaib a.¤ serrchu, Laws ii 118.9 . a.¤ cuit naige fine, iv 194.26 . roslechtsat do Patric a.¤ cóicḟir all except five bowed to P., Trip.² 1652 . fiche a.¤ sé bliadna i.e. 14 years, LL 15069 . ar di-legad síl Dubthaig Daīl ... acht claind Moathaire 'for [all] the descendants of Dubthach the Beetle were destroyed ... except for the kindred of Mothaire', Aided Echach 96 §4 (g) (h) . di-legath síl Dubthig Dōeltengath and act cethra conchuiriu, Aided Echach 94 § 1​ . achd ré n-aithrighe d'fhagháil save that there was time for repentance, DDána 64.9 .

(b) More freq. after neg. vb. as in: act aní ropridchussa dúib (nothing) save gl. nihil . . . sapietis, Wb. 20b4 . nand asse díchenglad cor mbél . . . inge (acht, MS) nóe curu it is not proper to dissolve contracts . . . except for nine contracts . . . Ériu xvii 66 §§ 4 , 5 .

(c) Hence in sense of Engl. only, merely , etc. (cf. Fr. ne . . . que): ar ni arilsem-ni act dígail for we have deserved only punishment, Wb. 20d14 . ni bí nach dethiden foir act fognam do día his only care is to serve God, 10b9 . ni gessid . . . act búaid precepte, 26a34 . nicon chloor act for caínscél, 23b41 . connaccon bet a.¤ degnimai less so that he may have only good works, Ml. 129a9 . ní rádat som a.¤ bréic ┐ togaís they speak only lies and deceit, 31a18 . in tan nád techtat a.¤ oin aimsir `when they have only one time', Sg. 5a10 . nī fūar a ssēt a.¤ Maire `I have found not her like save Mary', Thes. ii 349.4 (Hy. v). a.¤ fo thri nico rotroisci M. `that M. never fasted but thrice', Mon. Tall. 157.5 (§ 72) muna bed a.¤ don dornsann ní himtecar la suidaib, Laws iv 158.5 . nach ístais biad . . . a.¤ biad Conchobair, IT i 75.15 . conna-ruc a.¤ oīnchois ūaim, Sc.M² 12 . ni boi arm la Hiruath . ... a.¤ bocṡlaitt moir, PH 850 (a.¤ bocslat mor, v.l., ZCP xiv 147.7 ). na déantar lámh dhearg a.¤let none but her be outlawed(?) Dán Dé ix 9 . nach fuil a.¤ talam ┐ luaith san cholainn daonna nothing but earth and ashes, TSh. 432 . gan a.¤ mac tíre 'na sesamh rena brollach only a wolf standing at her breast (instead of her own calf), BNnÉ 164 § 34 . Note also: dearna a láimhe a.¤ a lámh oile / clár do b'áilne snoidhe sain, DDána 32.22 , where a neg. is implied (see notes).

(d) With emphasising nammá, amáin: a.¤ comparit neutair nammá gl. non inuenitur nisi neutri generis, Sg. 41a8 . act seircc ndée tantum (= nammá) gl. non quaerit quae sua sunt, Wb. 12c2 . a.¤ nammá renders Lat. nisi forte, 9d21 , 12c32 . a.¤ éolas nammá, TBFr. 392 . ní thérna díb a.¤ oenchóicer namá, BDD² 1494 . teach . . . cen dorus . . . a.¤ seinistir ┐ forleas namá a house without any door but a window and skylight only, 81 . a.¤ dá angel amáin ní bátar and, LL 291a3 . ní bhí a.¤ an moladh amháin / ní don domhan a.¤ díoláimh `save praise alone', TD 31.8 . a.¤ trōcaire Dé amhāin, Fl. Earls 134.20 .

(e) So also with follg. mad (cf. acht má as conjunction infra): a.¤ mad a claind `unless it be her (own) children' (gl. docere autem mulieri non permitto), Wb. 28b13 . ni ruc . . . claind . . . a.¤ mad óeningin, IT i 130.14 . nád aithgainethar . . . a.¤ mad indred n-indligthech, Críth G. 564 . noco ria nech dib ar éc . . . a.¤ mad Essu ┐ Caleb, SR 4732 . a.¤ mad aenfer, Anecd. i 63 § 115 . indis dam firindi, riam nucha n-ebartais a.¤ mad guth ceart, Fen. 156.21 . ni bhíodh neach aga ghoire a.¤ madh na hoighe allaid `save only the deer', ZCP i 64 § 57 .

(f) Hence in adv. phrase a.¤ (mad) becc lit. except (but only) a little, hence almost: combo marb a.¤ bec until he was almost dead, LU 3290 ( SCC 8 ). a mboi de ór . . . oca a.¤ becc almost all the gold they had, PH 999 . fāsughudh C. . . . a.¤ becc `almost total devastation', RC xvii 384.23 (Tig.). corloiscit cella fer Midhi a.¤ mad becc, 389.7 .

II As conjunction

(a) In sense save only that, except that (folld. by nasalising rel. clause in O.Ir., see GOI § 503 ) (freq. with nammá): ro legsat canóin amal rundalégsam-ni a.¤ ronda-sáibset-som tantum `they have read the Scripture text as we have read it save only that they have perverted it', Ml. 24d24 . accobor la mmenmuin maid do imradud act nandléicci concupiscentia carnalis , Wb. 3d13 . Borg Emna ro tetha / a.¤ mairte a clocha `save that its stones remain', Fél. Prol. 194 . is bēlra dligthech concanat, a.¤ nat aithgnet cluasa dōine, Ériu ii 118 § 54 . a.¤ nach deachaidh tar muir Manann, riámh ní rosgabh rí ba fearr, Keat. ii 5755 . So also in the following (where rel. not marked): haue a.¤ ro noebad / do Dunlang `a grandson, save that he has been hallowed, of D.', Fél. April 11 . manid caindleóracht in tige as ail duit do chosnamh a.¤ namá bid mó bas loscud don tig oldás bas suillse don tegluch except that the house is more likely to catch fire than its inmates to get light, LU 9197 ( FB 92 ). conrotacht . . . a tech . . . fo chosmailius na Cráebrúadi . . . a.¤ nammá ro derscaigestar a tech so . . . do thigib inna hamsiri, 8046 ( FB 1 ). coro ṡollsigset in catraig na dluma derga . . . a.¤ ni loisctís nech nama without however burning anyone, LB 152b41 .

(b) With má, mani, cé (see Vendryes, Ériu xvi 21f. ). With má except if, unless: act ma chotchela gl. numquid Israhel non cognouit, Wb. 5a9 . act massu made in chretem rochretsid gl. nisi frustra credidistis, 13a34 . act mad melltach lassin fer `unless it be agreeable to the husband', 9d17 . act mad óentu dúib occa gl. ex consensu, 9d22 . tír Cannain . . . / nista . . . / a.¤ ma rannait . . . / for meic iar for n-adnacul unless your sons divide it SR 4735 . ní dligther fothud a thige do neoch . . . a.¤ ma ḟrisnasar a ḟlaith, Críth G. 79 . nocho chumcaid-si imchaisin Críst a.¤ ma blasti bás ar thús, Trip.² 1147 . ní talla a léni de a.¤ mad fria huaim `he may not take off his shirt except it be to stitch it', Ériu vii 140 . Note also: a.¤ má dothísad Arddrí secht nime dó ní reg-sa, Trip.² 1354 .

(c) With mani except if . . . not. So in some early exx., but later = a.¤ má or mani: a.¤ manidchomalnid a rropridchad dúib gl. nisi forte reprobi estis (you show that God is in you except you fulfil not what has been preached to you, Wb. 18b7 . ni ba messi dogena a.¤ manimléicther ind it is not I who will do it unless I am not allowed in i.e. provided I am not forbidden to enter, RC xxv 26.9 . noco mberthar uaimse ait na halma ass (leg. a.¤ Vendryes, loc. cit.) manip aúrderg limsa, LU 5029 (TBC) unless I do not consider them visible i.e. worthy of being seen (Vendryes). a.¤ minab edrud ┐ grian, `provided it be not between thee and the sun', Ériu viii 122.28 . In follg. exx. = a.¤ má, a.¤ mani: ni segar baithis acht menip dóig bes marb in gein unless the child seems likely to die, Ériu ii 208 § 32 . fotdáilfind i n-ilpartib . . . a.¤ manibad F. were it not for F. LU 5673 (TBC). ?is mesi . . . dliges a caurathmir a.¤ mani brister anfír form unless I am treated unfairly, LU 8986 ( FB 74 ). ni raga ass . . . a.¤ manit ainge ben unless a woman protect you, 3352 ( SCC 14 ). ní maith duit imthecht t'oenur a.¤ mani[d] dáil fir no thēig, Fing. R. 91 . acht mana maidi in talam found unless the ground breaks under us, TBC-I¹ 3577 = mono thaeth (muna maidhi, muna maoighthfe v.ll.), TBC-LL¹ 5975 . ni ra cotail C. risin re sin, a.¤ mani chotlad fithisin ṁbic . . . C. did not sleep during that time except for a little while, 2473 = a.¤ mad mani chotlad, LU 6338 . nach fer gentor a.¤ mona bentar a cend de unless his head is cut off, RC xii 88 § 99 . a.¤ mana bera lat in topur so `unless you take away this well', Lism. L. 4669 . a.¤ muna faghbam ní dar cobair orra sin ní bia duine a mbethaid unless we can find something to protect us from them there will not be a person alive, Acall. 6174 . ní dénann urchóitt do neach acht mona derna nech urcóit di, Maund. 33 . nad ḟetar-sa . . . act manip íat in Galían, CRR 11 . a.¤ munab í M. th' iarraidh, Eachtra Uill. 4300 .

(d) With cia even though, even if: act ci nip lour `even though it be not sufficient', Wb. 11d15 . nach facamur riamh roimhi, / a.¤ gér cian ar comnoide though long has been our sojourn, Ériu iv 114.32 . tu easbal dob annsa leis /. . ./ a.¤ ger ionmhuin gach easbal, Dán Dé i 9 . ba menmarc leis co mberadh buaidh a.¤ ge bhadar ced fan fer `he wished to defeat them even though they were a hundred to one', Stair Erc. 1471 . acht gidh mór do maith doronuis co ró-so, ZCP vi 67.8 . for imegla a bhāssaigthe a.¤ ge ro baoi i n-a Pāpa, Fl. Earls 206.20 . a.¤ gér laoch mear even though he was a swift warrior, LBranach 7210 . Samson, a.¤ gér chalma a neart, Éigse iv 188.71 .

(e) In conditional sense if only, provided that (folld. in O. Ir. by perfective subj. except where an impossible condition is implied, see GOI § 904 ): bíth and beos acht ropo i tuil dée `let him still abide therein provided it be in God's will', Wb. 10a25 . act ní arbarat biuth inna túari provided they eat not the foods, 10c1 . bid maith mo menmese act rocloor for cáinscéilsi `my mind will be glad provided I hear good news of you', 23d2 . atá comeisseírge act rocretem oipred dæ, 27a15 . ni imned lim act rop Crist pridches, 23b24 . buí cara damsa isin tírsea . . . a.¤ rofeasmais conair dá thig if only we knew the way to his house, BDD² 262 . a.¤ rop coir ní gellas, Críth G. 505 . a.¤ ropom airdric-se (ropa airdercsa LU), maith lim cen co bend buan acht oenlaa, TBC-I¹ 571 . ata lasna tuati beith lór dóib do ascnam nime acht doratat ní dona hanmchairtib (sic leg.) `the lay folk deem it enough to win a place in heaven if only they have given something to their confessors', Mon. Tall. 141.16 (§ 35) . doémat na trī sailm-sea . . . acht rogabthar gach dīa, ZCP iii 30.23 . With non-perfective vb.: a.¤ ni bed úall and `if only there were no pride in it', Wb. 10b27 . nico mórbrig laisim and a.¤ ní cometestar dond accobar `he counts it no great matter provided there be no yielding to desire', Mon. Tall. 152.7 (§ 63) . a.¤ com-messind-se mo maccu nī diṅgentais do chride chrád if only I were able to control my sons, Fing. R. 498 . Note also: noco nindligthech do gin co tuca abad acht techtugad do breith `provided that he has brought the means of taking possession', Laws iv 4.15 .

(f) Similarly with follg. co n-: ríge láech nErend . . . dait . . . a.¤ co nderna mo chomarlisea provided thou do, LU 8114 ( FB 8 ). a.¤ cor damthar fír fer dam ol sé atbér, 9213 (94) . a.¤ co rabat glinni mo diṅgbála ria provided there are sureties to satisfy me, MU² 64 . a.¤ co nde[r]nat maith / flaith uaidib co bráth, Trip.² 1798 . cretfemit do Christ a.¤ co ro-fhindamm a nert, PH 345 . nis-fil do plāig . . . for bith nachus-bera sin for cūlu, a.¤ corup léir guidter Dia occai, RC xii 430 § 21 . With non-perfective vb.: asbert . . . nod lemad a mbrethugud a.¤ co ndaimtis nammá fora breith, LU 9012 ( FB 76 ). dá fessed a.¤ combad fer ulcach nod ngonad no mairfedsom he ind (mixed constr.) 6110 (TBC). cuma a dteasda uan dom aois / gan suan feasda a.¤ go bhféadmaois, Dán Dé xvii 5 . a cōir féine a.¤ go bhfagha / ni dóigh Éire i n-aontamha, TD 24.1 . Hence as soon as: act arroilgither ind epistilse dúibsi berthir úaib Laudocensibus gl. et cum lecta fuerit apud vos aepistola [haec] facite ut et in L. aeclesia legatur, Wb. 27d13 . aiggelat sa hé a.¤ co roisc int oirned as soon as the ordination is ended, RC xlii 134 § 9 . acht co ndernair hoc rechtair romhat dochum an prainntighe, RC xxvi 374.1 . With non-perfective vb.: ragat a.¤ co fiasur in n-airm atá I will go as soon as I know where he is, LU 3373 ( SCC 17 ). bérthar cainnli duit acht co tumthar, Lism. L. 1996 .

(g) In adversative sense but: énirt a cocubussom . . . act nosnerta in sonirt, Wb. 10c3 . coir irnigde tra inso act ní chumcamni, 4a27 . robatar leosom eter desciplu . . . act dorigénsat in descipuil dechor etarru, 7d10 . cenél Maicc Ercae as tressam . . . a.¤ nochon follamnaiget amal ardrígu, Trip.² 1064 . lánsíth i nHérinn . . . a.¤ buí imneissi chatha iter dá Chorpre, BDD² 230 .

(h) Often introducing a positive clause oppd. to a preceding neg. one or vice versa: ni imdibe dualche . . . act is imdibe colno, Wb. 21b11 . conibé eter in peccato act co beid in pænitentia , 9b2 . ní bo ar seirc móidme act conrobad torbe dúibsi triit, 17a13 . ní dron act is diuit et is glé, 17b4 . ni ar Abracham . . . a.¤ is diar foirbthetuni, 2d2 . ni delb ad-rorsat act is cosmulius delbe, 1b19 . ba torad saithir dúun . . . act ní bad nertad na mbraithre, 10c21 . is hé láech is áildem . . . a.¤ níba s[h]uthain, TBFr. 5 . ni hainfis a.¤ día necar doniam indnos it is not in ignorance, but to set them forth that we proceed in this way, Mon. Tall. 154.27 (§ 66) . co rrabe . . . cen dig cen biad, a.¤ 'co immorchor ón taíb co araile, Sc.M² 3 . In sense at all events, however: mór di ḟertaib . . . doróne . . . acht aisnédfimne úaiti do ilib díb, Trip.² 110 . nī himda persa . . . is fessach crēd . . . in bāss geipit, acht nī thernoighit tar aiss amach go bráth, Fl. Earls 70.31 . Note also: munup do saighe selbha a.¤ for ecin `unless he seizes land by force only', Laws iv 26.16 Comm. nídnanaid a crothad nach a flescad a.¤ a nidi `it is no protection to shake or beat it, but only to wash it', Mon. Tall. 155.2 (67) . ná dearbh as a.¤ go hairech, Content. vi 27 .

(i) On cases where the prec. neg. sentence contains a word meaning only: ni hed a méit nonchretidsi act fodaimid fochidi airi `not only do ye believe it but ye endure sufferings therefor', Wb. 23c7 . nípat hé . . . nammá beite isind inducbáil sin a.¤ bieit cit geinti, 4c40 . nirbo chuit eperte tantum act robatar cid ferte dia imthrenugud, 24c5 . ni namá na duile aicside do chumscugud . . . a.¤ ro-chumscaigit gráda nime, PH 152 .

(j) In the idiom a.¤ ní . . . ní not only not . . . but not (cf. sech): a.¤ ní ructaisseom airesom ní rucadsom foraibsom not only could they not get away from him but he could not catch up with them, BDD² 300 and note. a.¤ nis leicim nis étaim, TBC-LL¹ 2334 (= sech LU). a.¤ ni trebad ni coimge, Metr. Dinds. iv 332.36 . a.¤ ni gonab-sa ni gonfa-sa mo moindter-sa, Ériu v 32.23 . a.¤ ní mó a cách ní lugu `not only is it not increasing but it is not less', Otia ii 81.2 . In positive constr.: acht ba dimdach ba debthach, SR 5688 . atbert in drui: a.¤ saerfaithir do mathair doberthar duit na bú as well as freeing your mother the cows will be given to you, IT i 40.x . Note also: a.¤ ní buaid a denam imbáruch is mó is dimbúaid a denam innocht, TBC-LL¹ 1866 .

(k) With cia: cindas rainnfither in mucc . . . cīa indas . . . a.¤ a-rann ar chomramaib in what other way, Sc.M² § 6 . cid, ol si, acht maillechut-sa tú co sír, PH 8262 . Introducing a phrase: cid fil ann didiu (sic leg.) a.¤ amal itcualae, PH 834 . cid fil ann immorro acht ni dechaidh aonnech ina ndocum, Stair Erc. 449 . Note also: aní ná roich lám, cid a.¤, / is écen dam a dúthracht, LU 3935 (`yet' SCC § 44 ).

(l) As quasi-conjunction in idioms with cen (gan): gan é a.¤ i naois ōiglenaib `seeing he was but of young child's age', O'Gr. Cat. 381.13 . gan lios . . . a.¤ lán do dhoire dharach, TD 28.7 . gan duine a.¤ ag dol ar séad, Dán Dé ix 34 . gan duine . . . do dol faoi . . . acht le custam do dhīol `that no one should go under it without paying custom', Fl. Earls 90.4 . brugh. loch. Lugh inand ghabhaid a.¤ gan illradh ag Lugh, IGT Decl. p. 81 § 29 . Note also: ní fuil mac Gaoidhil ná Goill / a.¤ lán dá éanghrádh uile, TD 17.57 . ní bhí leó a urdail a.¤ d'ór /. . ./ cinn a bhfagha suaine a sleagh / nó truaille tana dtroigheadh `they have not so much as the heads of their javelins . . . but is gold', 9.29 .

In introductory phrases: a.¤ chena is alaind cech nderg, LU 3914 ( SCC 43 ). gabhuis Columcille in salm . . . acht cena ni rolegh-som acht aibghiter namá cosin, Lism. L. 823 . a.¤ nammá atáa mí nád n-imthet rí a.¤ cethrur however there is a month when a king goes about accompanied by four only, Críth G. 535 . acht atá ní chena, bar F., is fiach fola ┐ feola dó-som é, TBC-LL¹ 2989 . See also cena. cid (trá) a.¤, cid fil and (trá) a.¤ etc., see trá II(b). a.¤ (mad) énní however, nevertheless, at all events: achtmadh enní, do marbhadh ceithre fir décc [dibh], AFM v 1328.4 . acht aenni, do bitis debtha dermara eturro, Ann. Conn. 1315.4 . acht aen ni . . . bemitt ar aenconair, 1315.8 .

III As subst. ise cuit in achta ann this is the function of the word `acht' in that passage, O'D. 745 (H 3.17 col. 541) (possibly to be referred to 2 acht).

3 ág

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 ág or dil.ie/674

n Perh. same wd. as 2 ág.

(a) Orig. perh. cause, reason, occasion . In Laws used of an offence, and listed with other words having the above meaning: apparently some type of injury: it he ceithri anmand cinath conlat ar diuit: tucait, ag, acais, etgid, O'Mulc. 456 . caide fochonn, caide agh, caide acais, O'Dav. 577 ( H 3.17 col. 444 ) = O'Curry 2260 ( Eg. 88 f. 19(20)b ). is é ag insin asrenar [comraiti] .i. is é cin ann sin, Laws iii 156.6 ; 15 Comm. Perh. also: agh .i. indsaiged, ut est agh trom traigh foghlach, O'Dav. 103 .

Hence (b) in phrases di á.¤, tre á.¤ on account of, because of (cf. dáig): bid di bar n-á.¤-si ronbia-ni corona gloriae , Wb. 25a3 . di á.¤ mná Celtchair on account of Celtchar's wife, LU 11062 . cid ditt ágh (: ndedhendál) `though it was for thy sake', Fianaig. 10 § 5 . di āg Fergusa, ZCP viii 305.19 . trena á.¤ ┐ trena accais, TBC-LL¹ 4582 . biat imda coicthe ili / triat agh for Echaidh Midhi, TE² 26 § 23 ( Ériu xii 158 ). tré ágh a comlaind ar galaib deisi, as result of fighting with them in a duel, TTr.² 1696 . tria ágh an chatha sin `in consequence of the success of this battle', AFM iii 362.5 .

(c) In wider sense oppression, maltreatment: co rogaib ág ┐ accais ┐ aingces in tir uile de, TTr.² 1049 . is agh is acais fulang fergi an fir ud, ZCP x 301.3 . gan ágh gan accais gan urcoid, MR 294.15 . gach forrán, gach ágh ┐ gach acais ┐ gach iomarcaigh do fearadh 'na cheann, ML 100.3 . Hence danger, fatality, slaughter, etc.: imm-gaib á.¤ deuitabis periculum, PH 4865 . adbar naig (cheville) LL 17460 . mairg dá ria othar an áigh `death-wound', Dán Dé xxvi 39 . go madh bás dhuit gach béim, ┐ go madh ágh gach urchur, ML 120.z . is and forurmi á.¤ n-éca, Arch. Hib. ii 74 § 59 . ?Attrib. g s. an tsleg áig, SG 127.22 . mór urchar náigh, Atlantis iv 124.6 . damna áigh, CCath. 4904 ; cf. agh .i. eagla, O'Cl. (ad-ágathar?).

airdalta

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airdalta or dil.ie/1804

(quantity of second -a- doubtful). Part. of ar-dáili. appointed, pre-ordained, fixed, certain . In attrib. use: ben aurdalta, Corm. Y 1018 . úama irdalta, LU 1242 . cid ná tabraid in cauradmir ucut . . . do churaid úrdalta to one warrior or another, 8970 ( FB § 72 ). a righ n-urdalta their own special king, TBC St. 4697 . ag imrád in chatha ┐ na hirgaile urrdálta arnamárach, Fianaig. 76.22 . smacht urdalta cindte ro cindsett na hudair, Laws v 312.19 Comm. teanga urdhalta éigin some orderly language, IGT Introd. 3.16 . seomraidhe . . . urdhalta `prepared', Fl. Earls 70.16 . 'na easpocc urdhálta an appointed bishop, BNnÉ 275 § 256 . ni bi duine . . . gan a fhod urdalta airchennta oidhedha d'urmaisi, MR 268.22 . Less common in predic. use: dianid érdalta a haittreb, LU 2061 . gur bo herdalta ind imdegail-sin (of the protected position of an army), Ann. Conn. 1224.13 . is aurdhalta leo-sum dogrés in dí lá sin fri hoifrend they set aside those two days, LB 10a19 . is urdalta dó co faigbe a aided limsa he is certain to, CCath. 2805 . o rob erdhalta lais a mharbhadh since he was sure he would be killed, AFM vi 1978. 14 .

As subst. nach erdalta gona duine bis leo so whatever slaying of a man is purposed by them, TBC-I¹ 2807 . an irdalta sin (of a customary offering of gold), LL 278b47 . an t-iordhalta rá bhaoi agamsa dóibh what (food) I had intended for them, TFrag. 74.15 . dorinde úrdálta dímm has made me a condemned victim, Alex. 787 . do bui aca a n-urdálta nach inntóbadh cechtar dib do'n deabaid `they were firmly convinced', Celt. Rev. iv 120.7 .

? erdalta fo bruinnib bárc / tond mo tugi tracht mo fraig, LU 2973 .

airis

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airis or dil.ie/2127
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: aires, aires, irisse, irse, oires, -is, -esa

n Also aires. Form and inflection uncertain. Most forms indicate compd. of air- and 1 fis, whence u and o, m. But n s. aires, LU 6146 and g s. irisse, ZCP iii 243 § 46 , irse, Mon. Tall. 153.23 (§ 66) suggest a fem. ā-stem (which does not occur in meaning (a) below). No doubt two different words have fallen together in meaning (b). Identical with ires(s), Marstrander, Lochlann ii 210 . See LEIA oires (ó dhá chéill) m. (g s. and n p. -is, -esa), IGT Decl. § 38 .

(a) (fore-)knowledge: ro léicsem slóg forru cen airḟius unawares, LU 4784 (TBC). ná tístáis námhait fair cen airius inna chatraig, TTr.² 201 . co mbadar issind arucol . . . cen ḟis cen airḟis, Anecd. i 3.7 ( SCano 50 ). a tabairt do snadud as tualaing a turtaigthi mad cenairis snaite, Laws i 92.3 .i. mad cin fis faesma, 98.14 Comm. athgabail fir tairirid cen a.¤ fecheman toich, 194.21 .i. na fitir athgabail do gabail, 196.16 Comm. Perh. vn. of ar-finnathar.

(b) tryst, assignation, arrangement to meet: doboi iriss (.i. comdal) laiss do Galluib. Luid docum a irisse do Gallaib, ZCP iii 243 § 46 = iress, iresse, Comp. CC 39-40 . foceirtt lamae fair . . . commaranic caradrad irse `intercourse by tryst', Mon. Tall. 156.23 (§ 66) . asbert frie airm iressa `to arrange a place of meeting', Imr. Brain 42.10 . do rinne oiris . . . fa loing do tabairt i n-a aircis co Cend Traga, Celt. Rev. iv 16.16 . ? do N. na ḟir énoiris, IGT Decl. ex. 1031 . i n-a.¤ (with vb. of motion) to meet: tancatar . . . i n-herus C. (i noires v.l.) . . . is aire con deochatar sin i comdail C., TBC-LL¹ 1426 . tocht i n-herus inalta Feidilmthi, 556 . tánaic ind aires aodha uí D. gus an maighin sin came to meet O' D., AFM iv 1928.6 . In phr. a.¤ dála: i n-airius dála, SCano 309 . dogén airius dála frib, PH 3008 . in tan ticfad i n-a.¤ dála di[a] acallaim si. ar baí aires (.i. comdal) dála dissi ara barach fri C., LU 6146 (TBC). ar ní fuarsa co sse ingin follongad i n-airius dala imacallaim fón samail se frim who could hold her own with me in conversation at a tryst in this way, 10317 . tic in t-oclach a cind blíadne i n-a.¤ [a] dala, IT iii 194 § 29 . a.¤ catha meeting in battle, time of joining battle: airisin (for a.¤ in) catha .i. coinne chatha , O'Cl. o tanaic tra a.¤ an cathai moir, RC xii 96 § 127 . lotar do oiris an catha, § 129. co raibe tri la . . . and a noires chath[a] `awaiting battle', xviii 279.2 (Tig.). do thinoilsed Conmaicne ┐ Húi Briuin . . . a n-oiris catha do Thairrdelbach `to give battle to T.', 45.21 (Tig.). ised ro cinnset, anadh i n-a.¤ catha dóibh `to wait and meet them in battle', CCath. 132 . imat na slog dodec[h]atar i n-aires catha dó, 3042 . inn airius in morcatha, 4659

Of the person trysted with: dorala tria gabhra ar iris sainrethach d'fiachoibh ogo . . . ua foilid a iris ┐ a feichemh riamh a special friend owed him three horses . . . his friend and debtor welcomed him, Aisl. Tond. 93 § 2 = tarrla fiacha aige ar cumpanach airide dhó, 120 . In laudatory sense: flaith go roimheas 'gar ghnáth geall / oirios do chách go coitchenn, L. Cl. A. B. 140.32 . Cf. eiris.

Compd. do-rinnedar imram . . . an-athlam oiris-beg expeditious, ML² 658 .

? airletrad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? airletrad or dil.ie/2207

n (letrad): fiche lathi doib . . . oc airledru ┐ oc urtriall chatha fri Poir `rüsteten den Kampf', Alex. 760 (= oc airbertugudh catha, BB 495a47 ).

airlithir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airlithir or dil.ie/2222
Last Revised: 2019

v (cf. 1 airle)

(a) advises, counsels: is he nodairlestar ar a gais it was he gave advice on account of his wisdom, Ériu iii 140.158 (= conid he roscobair tria gaes, Cymmr. xiv 116 § 17 ). dilmuin do boethuib nad nairliut gaith fools whom the wise do not advise are exempt, Laws ii 82.7 = na nairliter, O'Curry 684 (H. 3.18 p. 333). Cf. airlethfimne na hóga .i. do ghéunam leathnughadh no comhairliughadh ar na laochaibh, O'Cl. (airle). With prep. DO: is and airlestar Eithne . . . dia haitib dul doib . . . advised her fosterers, Ériu iii 140.156 (= dobreth E. iarsin comairle dia meithre, Cymmr. xiv 116 § 17 ). ? táet Lugaid chuci or Ailill ┐ ara n-airlathar dó in n-ingin and let him advise him [to accept] the girl(?), LU 5864 = taet L. chuci or siat, ┐ aranarlathar, ZCP ix 154.22 (see ad-gládathar).

(b) consults, asks advice of: airliter cumni cóich comarbai cré, LU 3474 ( SCC² § 25 `let memories be consulted to learn to which heir the land belongs'). collaa dún . . . issa ndúnad co n-airlither (.i. co n-iarfaigea) Lugaid mac Nóiss, 5991 ( TBC-I¹ 1523 ). is imbe rotairles sech na ridiribh eile, Grail 2846 . deliberates, considers: mani airlestar, TBC-I¹ 74 (`if heed is not taken of him', Faraday 5 ).

(c) takes a resolution, resolves, determines: roairlesatar Connachta . . . techtaireda ūaidib, TBC-I¹ 3098 . ? In cheville: arnamāirech doibh / for muir miadh (= mad?) airleth (: bairgedh), ZCP x 344 § 12 . tiucfa la Flann Cinach / a coimpert madh airledh (: bairgen) well has it been decided(?), § 21 . ro-airliset īerom Connachtae i comairle cid di-gēndais 'the Connachtmen then decided in council what they should do', BDC 122.282 .

(d) looks after, sees to: arndip maith nairlethar a muintir `that he care well for his household', Wb. 28b32 . nipa díless duit an í hi tái mani cáinairlither gl. si permanseris in bonitate, 5b38 . Note also: airlethar no móras gl. sed quem Dominus commendat, 17b22 (wrong interpretation of commendat?).

(e) arranges, regulates: arlifimni na hócu chena conná gébat forsin tslóg (of the Galióin), LU 4648 ( TBC-I¹ 187 ). ? dia ard airlathar / aingel indrechta, 1156 (ACC). is and ro airled ri ┐ aithech here (i.e. in the Senchas Mór) was fixed (the difference between) king and serf, ZCP xvi 175 § 2 ( Laws i 40 ). is and ro-airled dire cáich fo miad, § 3 (ib.). is i Senchas Mor ro-airletha na cetheora cána, 176 § 6 . it teora eirce airliter, Laws iii 26.17 .i. erluaidhter na teora eirce, 25 Comm. slicht eitgedh airligter, 536.3 .i. eraluaiter aisneis na eirci, z Comm. ? ni ragaid mani deib cumachtachaib / arlidir crib coternam, LL 1620 = manab dib cumachta clanntar / crib airlither cat .i. munab cumachtach sibh ar erluadh no ar urfoichill catha do cor co crib no . . . biodh urfoichill chatha co luath libh, Leb. Gab.(i) 254.7 = ni raghadh muna deibh clandtar cirb airligther cath, BB 40a54 . prescribes, decrees: bailechro a n-ifernd ro-n-airlestar Dia fri pianadh na pecdhach `which God has designed', Ériu ii 132 § 108 . nad inand airlither Dīa do gach dāen, Anecd. v 23.2 .

Note also: conidnarlaid (.i. co roairlestar) síth iar sáeth, Thes. ii 332.17 .

airthríall

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airthríall or dil.ie/2448
Last Revised: 2013

n (tríall)

(a) act of setting out; journey, voyage: in t-airthriall ro airthossaiged and (i.e. the Argonautic expedition), LL 219a31 ( TTr. 159 ). urthriall go h-Easpáin, ML 70.24 . dia mboí . . .acc urthriall an tslóighidh `setting out on the expedition', AFM ii 622.9 . acc faichill an uirtrialla do róine fo dheóidh `to prepare for his final march', vi 2124.8 erthriall na síne samhratha chucca `the summer weather approaching', Hugh Roe 38.10 (fo. 10b) . o ro clos lá R. an t-ertriall sin, AFM vi 2330.6 . ro haisneidheadh do Sir O. an t-ertriall do róine R., 2330.21 .

(b) act of undertaking; attempt, effort: fri airtriall catha, TBC-LL¹ 5674 . oc urtriall chatha fri P., Alex. 760 . tuaircnech na ṅgoband . . . ic airthriall na tairngi testing (?) LL 218b46 ( TTr. 133 ). acc uirtriall armála, AFM vi 2002.25 . na h-airrdena tindscedail techid ┐ urtrialla imgabala trying to evade, MR 232.18 . urtrialla in popuil endeavours (?), CCath. 1110 . an t-ertriall do rinnscain Ó Domhnaill `O'D.'s undertaking', Hugh Roe 60.19 (fo. 16b) . amal nefnígtir airthrialla mac ṁbec, LL 234a45 (`endeavours', TTr. 1287 ).

aithscél(e)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aithscél(e) or dil.ie/2794

n (scél): ni bu lan ind aithscele, Gael. 50, 137 (int aithscéle (m.) ` repetition ', Blathm. 804 ). indisfed . . . athsgela in chatha go ngrain ` tales ', Ériu viii 52.4 . indis athscél (scel v.l.) duinn, Acall. 1334 . adscela do faisneis (aisnis forcital v.l.), Hib. Min. 41.27 (? leg. soscéla, ed.).

1 apa

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 apa or dil.ie/3855

Forms: apae

vn. of *ad-ben, see LEIA Cf. also Celtica i 337 § 6 . Orig. apae io, n. Later m. an t-aba, Bard. Synt. Tr. 17.16 . reason, cause: cid uma bfuilti dubach ? . . . a aba ┐ a adhbar againn, Acall. 963 . in t-aba ó ccantar Ceilbe, Metr. Dinds. iii 54.16 . cid són ar M. fail a morabba (damna v.l.) dam, TBC-LL¹ 149 . fail a mór abba ám dóibsium . . . ciarsat . . . torsig, LL 12066 . fil a abba dó, PH 1961 . cuirfidh go fada soir sinn / ni fhoil ar n-aba a n-Éirinn there is no reason for our being in Ireland, Bard. Synt. Tr. 17.17 . ? it e abbae donacht (abai danocht v.l.) C. . . . di A. i nErend, ZCP xiv 62.12 (cf. 72.7 ). aba .i. adhbhar, O'Cl.

In phrases. i n-a.: ata in aba duit-siu sin do radh you have reason to say that, BB 426b39 . ar a.¤ prep.and adv. phrase. Alliterates with vowel in classical verse (cf. ar aí s. 3 aí). As prep.phrase not to be used in class. verse with a poss. pron. except when a demonstr. follows, see Bard. Synt. Tr. 17.18-25 . Usually folld. by gen. or vn. clause, but may also be folld. by nom., Bard. Synt. Tr. loc. cit. Because of, on account of, for the sake of, etc.: ar a.¤ comruicc fri hēnḟer, TBC-I¹ 2438 . ara.¤ a māthar dīb because his mother was of them, 2247 . ar a.¤ chomlund (comlainn v.l.) oenḟir by dint of, TBC-LL¹ 3197 . foraba ḟledoil, LB 273b69 ( SG 54.28 ). ni arabba a hadartha, 235b1 . ar aba a ḟialusa fris, AFM v 1812.z . dá ngada dhíom ní dhlighe / síodh ar aba th'oirbhire, DDána 67.43 . ar aba an aba (? leg. adbair) shuthain / mór caomhna an chuirp fhréamhdhuthain, Aithd. D. 50.33 . ar aba a huilc, Studies 1921, 76 § 22 . ar aba anma aon deise `to save the lives of any two', ML 106.14 . ná bídh aire énduine . . . re anmuin ar aba ingabála dona huaislib in hopes that these nobles will quit the field, Caithr. Thoirdh. 103.12 . robtar subhaigh . . . ar aba a ttérnuídh tar gach mbaoghal, AFM vi 1922.11 . ar a.¤ a ndernais de drúis, Ériu vii 223 § 35 . Folld. by nom.: ara.¤ a fath tancammar because of the reason we have come(?), TBC-LL¹ 2136 . aicme gan aga ar a neart / an mhaicne ar aba a n-aithcheacht, DDána 60.5 . ? eisdeacht fada as fada dhamh / ar aba an eisdreachd abadh, IGT Decl. ex. 844 . leagar deoch ar áth aga / deoch ar aba cách chuga (sic leg.) he puts aside his drink because his foes are approaching him, Bard. Synt. Tr. 17.22 and notes. snáith t'oige ar aba iomrádh (: ngrádh), 141.20 . Folld. by vn. clause: nach fuighbead bo ar aba in chatha do chur as a result of fighting the battle, SG 50.13 . Note also: ar aba an cheathrair do theacht . . . níor beanadh etc. if the four had not come, Content. vi 89 . ge ead arabba sin tanic confad catha . . . `and yet for all that a rage of battle came . . .', TTebe 1599 .

As adv. phrase nevertheless, however . Perh. orig. ar apu, cf. ar-abu, MU² 1007 ( LU 1510 ). With possess. ara aba, ZCP xiv 214.6 (late). Also ar apaide (resolved by Zimmer, KZ xxx 5 as: ar a.¤ side. Cf. ar aí, araíde under 3 aí). ba mōr a uathmaire ind ḟir; fanōpair-seom araba, TBC-I¹ 467 (= ar apu; arapa, araba, arappaide, MSS, Stories fr. Táin 6 ). comalta ┐ fer bithchotaid dam Cūchulaind. Ragadsa ara.¤ ara chend imbārach, 1539 . nobered cach-ra-cluchi for C. . . . ar a.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 1812 . atbert ar abba a ádnocul uair ba rí he, LB 236a12 . cid ed ar abba is duine démnacdu he, PH 2688 . ba comlund cét cirthi cráeb / ara.¤ raforraig Aéd, Ériu v 223.60 (= Metr. Dinds. iv 360 ). ní fhuighe ar aba ní achd neamh, DDána 42.12 . d'fhuiling . . . anfadh fada, / armchladh é ar aba dóibh, Ó Bruad. ii 274.12 . ar apaide: ni[b]-farc[h]elsam a ócu olse ar apaide is mochen dūib nevertheless you are welcome, Sc.M² 5 . iss é óenfer ar apaide adroinni drochternam úadsom, LU 6079 (TBC). aropaidi (sic) roás ind n-imguin foraib, Ériu ii 30 § 15 . arapaidhe (arapaiti, v.l.) is menma comarba, TTr.² 182 . arapaidhe tra rosochtsat in churaid, Anecd. ii 56 § 18 .

ár

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ár or dil.ie/3912
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: airib, airilb

n o. Orig. neut. ( ar n-Umill la gennti, AU² 813.4 , ár n-Eoganachta la Osraighi, AU² 896.6 , dia foicertar ár nGoídel by whom the slaughter of the Gaels will be proclaimed, B. in Scáil² 46 § 52 ). Note also d p. airib, which seems to be required for MS airilb gl. cladibus, Ml. 100a2 (s-inflection ?).

Slaughter, carnage; defeat, destruction: du á.¤ gl. ad cedem, Ml. 33d4 . donaib araib gl. ad strages, 34a19 . etarcnae áir mo namat gl. de cede hostium, 113b4 . co rabi cach díib i n-á.¤ a chéili, Trip.² 498 . co ralta á.¤ . . . fer n-Ērenn impe, Sc.M² 5 . Bodb iar n-áraib fora slicht, 21c . iar maidm áir chatha for Ulto .i. cath Brestini, LL 13352 . rochuirsed na treinfir sin ara aidbli (aru v.l.), TTebe 4299 . gu ro lae a.¤ daini ┐ cethra ann, CCath. 854 . diar' fúabairthe isna háraib when they were cut down in the carnage, Metr. Dinds. iv 252.3 . co fargaib a.¤ daíne ┐ eathar `loss of men and ferry-boats', RC xvii 372.19 . á.¤ . . . ar na hAllmhurchaibh, DDána 97.22 . i n-á.¤ , Aithd. D. 21.34 . teidm mōr a Laignib, .i. in bolgach . . . cor ladh á.¤ daíne sechnón Laighen, RC xvii 402.6 .

In phrase á.¤ cend lit. slaughter of heads, a taking of heads , hardly difft. from ár: corro lad á.¤ cend and, LU 9606 (`a slaughter of chiefs', ZCP iii 207 ). brissis Macha in cath for maccaib Dithorba co fargaibset á.¤ cend aicce, Dinds. 161 ( RC xvi 280 ). cor ben a ngabala dib ┐ [. . .] á.¤ cend leo, RC xvii 354.4 . co ro fáccbadh á.¤ cend lais `a strages of heads', AFM vi 1950.26 .

Somet. in more or less concr. sense of those slain, slaughtered ones: romarbsat á.¤ a muindtiri they wrought a slaughter of his people, BColm. 72.4 . co n-erbailt issin tám thend / i torchair á.¤ fer ṅHerend, LL 14812 . mairbthair derg-á.¤ Leithe Cuind and, 299b31 . dú i torchair á.¤ Conmaicne `wherein many of the C. fell slaughtered', RC xvii 391.32 . fuaradar na hára móra ┐ na colla crōderga, ZCP xiii 244.1 . do siredar na hára co mīn (looking for the body of a certain warrior), 245.14 . Note also: ní deochaid E. dar á.¤ `the battle- field'. Metr. Dinds. iv 50.109 .

Compds. ¤-chú, ¤-mag, see separate articles. ¤-ṡlicht: an t-ársliocht oirlighthe ` slaughter-track ', ML 134.23 .

See compds.

armdacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. armdacht or dil.ie/4201

n (armda): ro erig . . . i timchell in chatha . . . d'fisrugad a imell fa'n a.¤ `whether its border was well armed', MR 142.7 . armthacht armaightheacht arming for battle, P. O'C. Cf. armacht.

bacraid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bacraid or dil.ie/5104

v (bacar) threatens, speaks threateningly: robagair fair, ZCP vi 27.10 . do bagradair . . . gu millfidis a thír, AU iii 394.3 . bagair do g[h]ráin chatha ar chách, Content. xxiv 20. go mbagrann bás ┐ caill chloinne . . . ar an tí . . ., TSh. 9712. do bhagair Dia ar Ádhamh gurb etc., 369 . See bagairt.

1 bé

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bé or dil.ie/5502
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: Bée, béithe, beith, mbéithe

n n., later f. See Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 113 and Études Celt. xxv 123-24 . n s. b.¤ nAnand, Corm. Y 104. a mb.¤ , SR 5974. in b.¤ thondgel, LL 18500. g s. Bée, LL 27711. d s. do b.¤ , TFerbe 64 . Mod. g s. na b.¤ , Hackett xi 27 . d s. don bhéith ghlain, O'Rah. 154.5. n pl. béithe, ZCP v 229.26 (Midn. Court). g pl. beith, Ó Bruad. i 62.7 . mbéithe, ZCP v 226.10 (Midn. Court).

Woman: Brigit b.¤ bithmaith `ever excellent woman', Thes. ii 325.15 , glossed: ben ut dicitur b.¤ bind .i. ben find, 29 . bē nē[i]t (.i. badb) .i. bē ben ┐ nēt cath . . . Inde dicitur: `b. nét fort,', Corm. Y 168. Brigit bē n-ēxe . . . B.¤ bē legis, ┐ B. bē goibne (sic leg.) ingena in Dagda goddess, 150 . b.¤ find fors ṅdestatar deirgindlid áir (rhetoric), BDD² 306. be ḟind ḟota ḟoltlebor, IT i 69 § 4. a bē, ZCP viii 102.15 (B. na f., 557.17 ). a mb.¤ n-aill, LL 21147. b.¤ adbul Heriu, 1651 . do b.¤ thastil female messenger, TFerbe 64 . cain-be fial forssaid ḟindnar, SR 3700. co tucas-sa in mb.¤ sáir sláin / Aife, Ériu iv 154.26 . seimigud b immorro .i. a bhen, a bhan, a bhe binn, Auraic. 1275. b.¤ ebraice (bath `daughter'? ed.), mulier latine , O'Mulc. 130. `b.¤' ben, Metr. Gl. 18 § 52. b.¤ .i. bean, O'Cl.

In Laws and glossaries in designations of classes of women. b.¤ carna wanton, harlot : cia ben is mesa do mnáib? Ni hansa. B. chārna, ZCP viii 113.12 . be carna .i. meirdreach, O'Curry 2037 (H. 4.22, 58a). b.¤ charna .i. merdrech, ar dia ndech in ben co cuicir is b.¤ charna. fothad cairn .iiii. clocha, cloch fair is carnn iarum, O'Dav. 213 (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 108 ). b.¤ cétmuinterasa woman with standing of head of a household, chief wife (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 46.28 ): mad be cetmunterasa techta, comaith ┐ comceniuil, Laws ii 380.31 (= Stud. in E. Ir. Law 46 § 22 ). mad be cetmunterasa glossed: mad bean bus cetmuindter uais co dligthech, 382.4 Comm. b.¤ cuitgernsa `woman of condominium' ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 218.18 ): ma co tir ┐ cetra ┐ intreb, ┐ mad comsair comtechta a cuma lanamnusa, ┐ is don ben sin asberar be cuitcernsa, ii 356.31 (= Stud. in E. Ir. Law 18.36 ). b.¤ n-imrama lit. wandering woman (a class of concubine) ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law, 64.25 , 96 f. ): nocon uil ni do do lamda . . . a be nimruma, uair ar a urail fein bis a chartach . . . ┐ nocon eadh bis . . . a be nimruma, Laws ii 400.15 Comm. be nimrama .i. meirdreach, O'Curry 2037 (H. 4.22, 58a). sechtmud do i n-a dormain ┐ i n-a be n-imruma, Laws v 72.4 Comm. b.¤ n-indlis `non-owned woman', see Ériu xii 74.18 . a atitin a primmna ┐ a fine ata cach ben dib sain aicce cenmotha in be nindlis; ┐ a aititin a fir ata saide, Laws ii 400.26 Comm. b.¤ loirge: direnar b.¤ luirge lándire `a distaff woman', O'Gr. Cat. 145.19 (Nero A vii, 153b9). Cf. dorenar be loirge landire .i. ben conaire in filed, glossing lorg `road', O'Dav. 1155. b.¤ loiste loinetha woman of the kneading-trough and churn-dash: direnar . . . lándire b.¤ loisde luineatha alaile, O'Gr. Cat. 145.19. b.¤ roethine woman cast up by the sea?: be roethine .i. roethine mara dode-cuirethar .i. mairchor- (leg. muirchorthae, ed.), Ir. Recht 8 § 8. b.¤ tacuir foundling woman: b.¤ tacair do-renur cuic setaibh, a tri dibh a mamaib eca (leg. ecalsa, ed.) no (leg. ┐, ed.) ina dó eile ó feinib (finib, v. l.), Ir. Recht 6 , 7 § 7 , see ZCP xix 347. b.¤ táide lit. woman of a secret relation, i.e. in an irregular association with a man (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 99 , 100 ): baidsech cach be taide, no cach ben deirge lann (cf. . . . deiraig a lanamnus, v 456.22), Laws iv 58.26 Comm. merdrech [ut est] baitsech cach b.¤ táidhe (thaidhe, v.l.) `every secret woman', O'Dav. 306. b.¤ togu woman (with power) of choice (variously interpreted in Laws Comm.): be togai .i. togu an (leg. and ? ed.) imm a inchaib a ceile fa isint (leg. asint, ed.) seilb techtus di-rether .i. bancomarba lasmbi fer for bantindchur. be thoga .i. tic di co aos togai, na (leg. .i. or [atá] 'na, ed.) tagai, .i. im co fer theis fa in ngaba chaille . . . who has the choice as to whether she will be paid according to the status of her husband or according to her possessions . . . who is of an age to choose whether she will marry or take the veil, Ir. Recht 8 § 9.

Common in later poetry woman, maiden : rádha róchaoin bheóilín bhinn na b.¤ , Hackett xi 27 . is baoth don fhear do scar le béith bhig óig, xxxiv 1 . míle beith ghléigeal `a thousand fair ladies bright', Ó Bruad. i 62.7 . G., leannán béithe `beloved of women', O'Rah. 148.21. do screadadar béithe, 150.27 .

In nn. pr.: Fróech . . . mac side do B.¤ Find a sídib, TBFr. 2 (as b.¤ was orig. neut. the name Bé Finn > Bé Bind, later also Bé Ḟind). Bebinn ingen (sic leg.) Turgeis, Caithr. CC 27. is ed ainm dobered Midir dí B.¤ Ḟind (i.e. Étaín), TE² 180 § 10. B. Néit wife of Néit (a goddess of war): bē nē[i]t (.i. badb), Corm. Y 168. B.¤ nēid .i. Nēid nomen uiri. B.¤ eius Nemon, a ben, 181 . in b.¤ néit . . . .i. Enio, siur Mairt .i. dei in chatha , TTebe 3247 . co festais ca drem . . . din ro samaigfed in B.¤ níth-gubach Néit a neirt-bhríga, MR 242.1 . Aingene ainm ind fir ┐ Bee n-Aingeni ainm na mna, RC x 224 § 17. Be Chuille ┐ Dianand . . . na dí bantuathig, LL 1352. Bé Tuinde, Dinds. 139 ( RC xvi 147 ). In n. loc. oidhre Leice Bébhionn Lickpevune (Co. Kerry), AFM v 1628.21 .

beirid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. beirid or dil.ie/5583
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: biru, -biur, biri, berid, -beir, -ber, berthi, beirthi, berthus, rom-beir, beres, berma, -berid, berit, berait, -berat, bertit, bertae, berda, -bered, -bertis, biur-sa, ber, beir, -bered, beram, beirith, -berae, -bera, -bere, beraid, -bera, -berat, berte, -berinn, -berad, -mbérthai, -bertais, -bēr, -bér, béra, bera, -béra, beraid, -bera, bæras, béras, -béram, -berum, berait, bērtait, bérait, béraitt, -berat, -mbérat, mbértæ, -bertha-su, no berad, -berad, -bermáis, -bértais, -mbértaís, -bertais, -berdais, birt, bert, -mbert, -bert, -breth, berte, ra bertatar, bertar, -bertatar, bertatar, ṁbertatar, berir, berair, -berar, berar, berair, bertair, berdair, bertar, bertis, berar, -berar, berthir, berthair, -berthar, -bertar, -berar, berthe, bérthair, berthair, bért[h]ar, bérthar, -bértar, bértha, brethae, breatha, -breth, -rucaim-se, -rucaim, ro-ucca, -rucai, -rúgat, -rucat, -rucad, -ructais, -rucca, -ruccæ, rucus, rucainn, uiccius, roúcos, ucus, rucus, rucais, ro-sn-uicc, uic, ro-ucc, rá-uc, ro-da-ucai, rofuc, rohuicc, -ruc, roucsaid, ra-ucsat, -rucsat, rota-thuigsead, ruucthar, -ructhar, -ructar, -ructhae, -rructhae, -ructais, -ruccfaither, -rucfaiter, ro-n-ucad, rohucad, rucad, uctha, ructha, ructa, brith, berim, -berai, beiridh, -berend, bermait, -berad, -bertís, -berear, bheire, -beraind, mbeirt[h]ea, berait(se, bérat-sa, béar, -berair, béaraidh, bermuid, bertus, bertis, ro-das-beir, beiris, bertsat, -berair, -beirthir, -bearar, béarthar, ruc-, -rucur, rucus, -rugus, rucais, ruc, ruc, rugsamar, -rucamur, rucabhar, rucadur, rucad, -ruccad, rucait, rugaid, biriu, berti

v see GOI 353 , 358 , 360 ; KZ xliv 113 - 114 . Also IGT Verbs § 13 for forms in bardic verse, and Aithd. D. ii Vocab. s.v. beirim .

The perfective forms are supplied by ro-ucc-. The O.Ir. t-pret. is often replaced in mid. Ir. by an s-pret. as well as by mixed forms of t- and s-prets. Later the perfective form ruc- (also in some contexts tuc-, e.g. TBC-LL¹ 2935 v.l.) completely replaces preterite forms as a past tense. For exx. of conj. forms see also as-beir and do-beir.

Indic. pres. 1 s. biru, RC x 88.2 (see KZ xliv 114 ), Anecd. iii 28.15 . -biur, TBFr. 131. 2 s. biri, Ériu xii 135.7 . 3 s. berid, Wb. 6a13 , 29b9 , TBC-LL¹ 1271. -beir, Wb. 6c9 , -ber, Ml. 86d16 (but see CMCS xiii 1 ). (With suff. pron.) berthi, Wb. 23a19 . beirthi, Ml. 42b7 . berthus, Mon. Tall. 158.6 . (With ro) rom-beir `can bring', 148.13 . Rel. beres, Ml. 27c1 , LU 3776 ( SCC 34 ). 1 pl. berma, ZCP iii 222.13 , TBC-LL¹ 477. 2 pl. -berid, Wb. 9d15 . 3 pl. berit, Wb. 18c10 . berait, TTr. 1599. -berat, Wb. 28d26 . Ml. 103b16 . (With suff. pron.) bertit, Wb. 13a16 . Rel. bertae, Ml. 63c18 . berda, Laws v 198.2 .

Indic. impf. 3 s. -bered, Thes. i 494.28 , TBC-LL¹ 403 , Ériu ii 222.24 (sic leg.). 3 pl. -bertis, ZCP iii 204.1 ( LU 9568 ).

Ipv. 1 s. biur-sa, Metr. Dinds. iii 210.18 (cf. Ériu xvi 76.25 ). 2 s. ber, Ml. 38c28 , TBC-I¹ 450. beir, Thes. ii 310.30 , Fing. R. 722. 3 s. -bered, TBC-LL¹ 5962. 1 pl. beram, SR 2744. 2 pl. beirith, Blathm. 99 § 29.

Subj. pres. 2 s. -berae, Ml. 74d13 , 94a1 . -bera, Thes. ii 296.6 . -bere, ZCP viii 310.19 . 3 s. beraid, Ml. 37a9 . -bera, 43a2 , ZCP vii 308.29 , TBC-LL¹ 5963. 3 pl. -berat, Ml. 54a28 . Rel. berte, Wb. 9c12 . Impf. 1 s. -berinn, Wb. 10d36 . 3 s. -berad, TBC-I¹ 1337 , Ériu ii 196 § 11 , TBC-LL¹ 2488. 2 pl. -mbérthai (sic), LL 8051 ( TBC-LL¹ 595 ). 3 pl. -bertais, TBC-LL¹ 4340.

Fut. 1 s. -bēr, TBC-I¹ 1284 , -bér, BDD² 69. 2 s. béra, TBC-LL¹ 3689. bera, ZCP vii 308.10 . -béra, RC xxiv 198.5 . 3 s. beraid, Ml. 37a9 , TBC-LL¹ 1266. -bera, Wb. 1a8 . Rel. bæras, Ml. 94b7 . béras, TBC-LL¹ 3484. 1 pl. -béram, Wb. 29b15 . -berum, PH 608. 3 pl. berait, Sc.M² 4R. (With suff. pron.) bērtait, 4 . bérait, TBC-LL¹ 5773. béraitt, BS 94.25 . -berat, Ml. 54a26 . -mbérat, TBC-LL¹ 144. Rel. mbértæ, BDD² 548 , MU² 930. Condit. 2 s. -bertha-su, TBC-LL¹ 1047. 3 s. no berad, TBC-I¹ 1336 , PH 906. -berad, TBC-LL¹ 4300. 1 pl. -bermáis, TBC-LL¹ 1051. 3 pl. -bértais, Ml. 124b6 . -mbértaís, TBC-LL¹ 3616. -bertais, PH 599. -berdais, 611 .

Pret. 3 s. birt, Thes. ii 242.17 , ZCP viii 309.11 , RC xi 446. 11 , LU 10611. bert, 3160 , Metr. Dinds. iii 88.11 , SG 187.31 . -mbert, Sc.M² 10.8 . -bert, LU 10601. With pass. form -breth, Metr. Dinds. iv 232.19 . Rel. berte, Fianaig. 28.2 . 3 pl. ra bertatar, TBC-LL¹ 2875. Rel. bertar, Ml. 127d6 . -bertatar, 82d9 , bertatar, Corm. Y 1059 (91.7) . ṁbertatar, Tur. 130.

Pass. indic. pres. s. berir, Wb. 12d38 , 23c11 , 29a28 . berair, ACL iii 309.19 , TBC-LL¹ 2041 , LL 31255. -berar, Mon. Tall. 164.21 , Laws iv 62.17 , RC xxiv 182.21 . Rel. berar, Wb. 16d7 . Mon. Tall. 154.28 . berair, 155.23 . 3 pl. bertair, Ml. 26c6 , BDD² 212 , TBC-LL¹ 4722 , berdair, 4718 . Rel. bertar, Wb. 25c23 . Impf. 3 pl. no bertis , Wb. 16d4 . Ipv. s. berar, Wb. 7b4 , TBC-LL¹ 1643. -berar, Wb. 27a24 . Subj. pres. s. berthir, Wb. 27d13 . berthair, Ml. 37a8 . -berthar, 134c6 ; Fél.² Prol. 3. ? -bertar, LU 3295 ( SCC 9 ). -berar, PH 7563. Impf. s. no berthe , ZCP viii 309.15 . Fut. s. bérthair, BDD² 570. berthair, TBC-LL¹ 110. bért[h]ar, ZCP viii 212.13 . Rel. bérthar, Wb. 12d27 . Pl. -bértar, Wb. 15a3 . Condit. s. no bértha , TBC-LL¹ 1611. Pret. s. brethae, Ml. 52. breatha, BDD² 98. -breth, ZCP viii 309.24 .

Perfective forms. Indic. pres. 1 s. -rucaim-se, LU 5755 (= TBC-I¹ 1283 ). -rucaim, ZCP xiii 179.11 . 3 s. ro-ucca, Laws iv 176.1 . -rucai (racu, MS.), Críth G. 601. 3 pl. -rúgat, Ml. 75b3 . -rucat, 87c3 . Impf. 3 s. -rucad, BDD² 301. 3 pl. -ructais, ib. Subj. pres. 3 s. -rucca, Wb. 12c32 . -ruccæ, Mon. Tall. 154.8 . Rel. rucus, Ériu v 128 § 35. Impf. 1 s. do rucainn , Feis Tighe Chonáin 395. Perf. 1 s. ro uiccius , Wb. 9b6 . ? roúcos, LU 869. ron-ucus , BDD² 217. rucus, ZCP xv 307 § 2 (Caratnia). 2 s. rucais, LU 8246 ( FB 19 ). 3 s. ro-sn-uicc, Wb. 5b3 , ro uic , 27a22 . ro-ucc, Ml. 63c18 , rá-uc, 45a1 . ro-da-ucai, 46a19 . rofuc, Ériu v 36.30 . rohuicc, Fianaig. 12.12 . -ruc, MU² 953. 2 pl. roucsaid, LU 9205 ( FB 93 ). 3 pl. ra-ucsat, Wb. 26b11 . -rucsat, Ml. 23b5 ; 54d16 . rota-thuigsead (-huicset, v.l.), BDD² 200 - 1 . Pass. Indic. pres. s. ruucthar, Ml. 35b10 . -ructhar (perh. subj.), Ériu i 202.4 . Subj. pres. pl. -ructar, TBC-I¹ 1129. Impf. s. -ructhae, Ml. 104a8 . -rructhae, Thes. ii 241.9 . pl. -ructais, Ml. 125b7 . Fut. s. -ruccfaither ( rucfaider, LU 5395 ), TBC-I¹ 918. pl. -rucfaiter, 921 . Perf. s. ro-n-ucad, Ml. 104a8 . rohucad, Sg. 174a1 . rucad, ib. pl. ro uctha , Ml. 132a1 . ructha, 102c7 , ZCP xi 57 § 2. ructa, MU² 913. Vn. brith (see breth).

Later forms. Indic. pres. 1 s. berim, LL 8688. 2 s. -berai, TBC-LL¹ 925. 3 s. beiridh, TSh. 9670. -berend, PH 7574. 1 pl. bermait, LL 17003. Impf. 3 s. -berad, TBC-LL¹ 891. 3 pl. -bertís, MU² 275 . Subj. pres. 1 s. -berear: dheireadh, Dán Dé xvi § 12 . 2 s. bheire, Duan. F. ii 72.20 . Impf. 1 s. -beraind, Ir. Review 1912, 250 § 19 . 2 s. mbeirt[h]ea, ZCP viii 109 § 9. Fut. 1 s. berait(se, Trip. 238.3 . bérat-sa, MU² 320. ZCP viii 312.8 . béar, TSh. 10521. 2 s. -berair, Ériu iii 164 § 17. 3 s. béaraidh, Dán Dé xxvii § 3 . 1 pl. bermuid, ZCP vi 66.8 .

Pret. and perf. 1 s. ra bertus-sa, TBC-LL¹ 2888. 3 s. bertis, TBC-LL¹ 4435. ro-das-beir (beras, v.l.), 4728 . beiris, ML² 396. 3 pl. ru bertsat , ZCP viii 104.12 .

Pass. indic. pres. -berair, IGT Verbs ex. 169. -beirthir, 172 . -bearar, Introd. § 13. Fut. béarthar, TSh. 1153. Forms from ruc-. Subj. pres. 1 s. -rucur, TBC-LL¹ 1870. Pret. and perf. 1 s. do rucus , Feis Tighe Chonáin 1277. -rugus, 367 . 2 s. rucais, PH 1868. 3 s. ruc, SG 112.14 . ruc (rugustair, v.l.), ML² 404. 1 pl. rugsamar, TTebe 3966 . -rucamur, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1901. 2 pl. rucabhar, 998 . 3 pl. rucadur, 405 . Pass. rucad, PH 304. -ruccad, Ann. Conn. 1307.10 . pl. rucait, ZCP xi 62.8 . PH 2002. rugaid, TTebe 4750 .

I

(a) carries: nosbered gl. crucem . . . portabat, Thes. i 494.28 . is do thabirt díglae berid in claideb gl. gladium portat, Wb. 6a13 . hi fēnai bretha arm laiside, TBC-I¹ 1279. ara rucca cách a mám `that each may be able to bear his yoke', Ériu iii 104 § 33. berid iarum a muicc 'na hucht `carries', RC xiv 246.20 .

(b) In abstract senses adduces; infers etc. (of arguments, facts, etc.): berit in soscéle do imthrenugud ueteris , Wb. 18c10 . dearbhadh eile bheir tu asteach other proof that you adduce, Rel. Celt. ii 293.22 . bertit alaili tra combad spirut nóib robói in profetís `some take it', Wb. 13a16 . scél asa mberar co mbad hé Find mac Cumaill Mongán, LU 10938. is edh rucc-som assin what he inferred from that, CCath. 3241. ná beir uaim nach fuair Féidhlim `do not think I deny that F.', Content. v 104. b.¤ dígail inflicts vengeance, punishment: amal adnaigther fírbrithem beres digail cech ancridi, Ml. 27c1 (cf. do thabirt díglae, Wb. 6a13 ). See dígal.

II bears, brings forth, in pass. is born: in tan ṁberes claind is failid iar sin, Ml. 129c8 . indí . . . duamberar cland, Mon. Tall. 132.2 . rugais toircheas is tú it óigh `thou hast conceived', A. Ó Dálaigh xiv 7. cia tir i rrugad Gaedeal `in what land was G. born ?' Auraic. 15. Fig. an tan ghabhas an ainmhian, beiridh an peacadh (= parit peccatum), TSh. 6970. tarnocht . . . beirthear sinn (= nascimur), 7722 . Of animals: bi slan oga ceathra an tollbaire beres ba, O'Curry 2527 ( Eg. 88, 43b ). Of laying eggs: aen ogh beires isin slíab sin cacha bliadna, RC xxiv 377.3 .

In more general sense yields, produces: berid in bo atúaid trian mblechta sech in mboin andeas, Dinds. 60. no berta na harbair fo thrí cecha blíadnae, Airne F. 352. Fig. tosach rabhuidh rug a dealbh `His aspect became threatening', Ériu iv 112.15 .

Intrans. absol. in: sanntaigh an saidhbhris rucus gu maith dot anaim desire the riches that may profit etc., Ériu v 128 § 35.

III judges, passes judgment (usually with breith, etc. in figura etymologica and with FOR introd. indirect obj.): cisí breth rucais?, ZCP xv 306 § 1 (Caratnia). rucus, etc., 307 ff. § 2 - § 52 . nách beir for nach néle gl. non iudicat, Wb. 6c18 . bat hé berte bretha lib, 9c12 . berir breth foir gl. deiudicatur, 12d38 . birusa for firu soera, Anecd. iii 28.15 . bertid brith (bertaid breith v.l.) for ēc Dēāth, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 54 § 15. is me dano bæras mes firian foraib, Ml. 94b7 . ní berat fírbrithemnachta, 103b16 . ní ruc gói riam . . . fer rodhuc, ZCP viii 311.31 . biriu glossed brethemnuigim, O'Curry 440 (H.3.18, 237a). diamba brethum nis bera gan ḟis cin forus cin fasach, O'D. 2211 (Nero A vii 145b). nāthó . . . ní rucaim I cannot pass judgments, ZCP xiii 179.11 . ber breith iter do macaib, ol si, cia dib gebus t'forba. Ní bér, ol se, acht béraid Sithcheann drai, RC xxiv 194.1 . rucc Maodhócc do breith air féin cona cléir . . . guidhe tara chenn, BNnÉ 261 § 221 . rugatur in cúaisti ┐ in breithiomh maróen Brian do beith sáor, ZCP i 117.25 . b.¤ fuigell see fuigell. Hence of dreams interprets, expounds: ruc tra Patraic forsinn aislingi `expounded the vision', Trip. 176.25 . ruc Ethne breith na haislingi sin, Lism. L. 800.

IV carries away, takes (with one) (opp. of do-beir) (freq. with LA with reference to subject):

(a) In concrete or physical senses: na berat a n-erpther doib, Wb. 31c12 . ni berthar ind imerge `must not be taken', RC x 222.24 . nī scarfam . . . co rrucsa do cheand-so, TBC-I¹ 1200. beirthe lais S. `S. takes him', Blathm. 97 § 23. in rí chon-daigi hi foss / mani-mbera latt, ní fogbai, Thes. ii 296.6 . rucusdar leis ar a muin é, Ériu i 124.27 . beirit a n-eachroidh ar aradhnoibh leō `they led their horses by the reins', Fl. Earls 66.21 . dinaib brataib bertae `of the spoils they carry off', Ml. 63c18 . genti bidbaid bertar (: trebtar) `guilty pagans who are carried off', Fél. Prol. 175. acht a mbértae eóin ina crobaib, BDD² 548 . no bertis Con[n]achtai a bú-si `the C. used to carry off her kine', ZCP iii 204.1 - 2 . fir gontair mna bertair women are being carried off, LL 11451 ( TBC-LL¹ 4722 ). beiris leis na curna, Ériu ii 186.27 . ni berend in gadaige leis acht a mbeir cen fhis, PH 7574. antí dorat as ē ruc, ZCP vi 269 § 3. nach feas cá galar rug é, Keat. ii 2118.

(b) In fig. and abstr. senses: berthi (leg. bérthi, edd.) leiss co cenn gl. perficiet, Wb. 23a19 . ba hé less nod-ṁbert `the purpose which had brought him' ( Études Celt. ii 6.2 ), TBFr. 156. bret[h]a barann coimdhidh cáidh `was subdued' lit. was carried off, AFM ii 594.19 .

V Hence with meaning carries off absol. and in phrr. b.¤ barr, búaid, cluiche, etc. secures, wins (highest place, a victory, a game, etc.): bid hé beras in curadmír who wins the champion's portion, LU 9014 ( FB 76 ). is andsin dorimgart-seom / a eneclaind for Midir / . . . / conosruc iar ndáil dligid `he demanded his honour-fine from M . . . . and obtained it after award by law', Metr. Dinds. ii 4.28 . créd ima ruguis an baire orm? Má rugus báire ort . . . béarad leat arís é, RC xxix 116 § 13. cia haca le mbearthar barr `that excels', TD 28.24 . ni bertais buaid díb they would not overcome them, IT i 72.10 ( LMU 8 ). birt būaidh [n]-eccna / hi cūairt Éirenn, ZCP viii 197 § 6. ba mor do coscur chathbuadach rucas-[s]a tred chumachta-su `much . . . triumph have I achieved', TTebe 3178 . a mbuaigh ní rugadh a-riamh they were ever unconquered, O'Hara 3387. beirigh sisi bhuaidh ar gach n-énní dá ttairgionn a claoi, Desid. 2161. nobidis oc im[b]irt fithchilli cach dia . . . nobered C. cluithi na nona for I., Anecd. i 11.26 (SCano 358). ní rugadh aonchluiche air `he never lost a game', O'Hara 1373. ni rodam nad beir a roí `who does not win his battle', Ériu ix 49 § 34. birt a ráena forru he defeated them (in a game), LU 4984 (= TBC-I¹ 495 ). rucsat ar in ríg in raen `had overreached the king', Ériu vii 227 § 62 . ní biur do thóchaill dind ḟithchill `I do not win against thee at chess' ( Études Celt. ii 5 ), TBFr. 131. is [s]ainmuinter cach la fechtus bēus beress a tochell ( cluithe, Thr. Ir. Gl. 21 ), Corm. Y 607. (with implied direct object) uair roucsaidse for nUltaib . . . do slúagaib na tíri sin you U. have excelled, LU 9205 ( FB 93 ). rucsat na Troiannai do daínib in domain amal nabad do ṡíl daíni doib etir, LL 32109 ( TTr. 1296 ). rucc (glossed ro dersccaigh) Ith do breithemnaibh a aimsire ar amhainse `I. excelled the Judges . . . in cunning', Leb. Gab.(i) 244.16 . is samlaid ruc cach ben dia seitche ar écin each woman forced her way ahead of her companion, LU 8256 ( FB 20 ). Cf. ro élaidhset ass na Gaill febh as déine ronuccsatt dialaile, Hugh Roe² 98.11 .

VI gets, obtains; takes: cach crich roucca a techta ni dligaide tairgille na smachtu `every land which has given (recte taken) what is lawful', Laws iv 176.1 . aisic na set rugadh do muin na comairce `restoration of the `seds' which were given (taken?) on account of the protection', 232.25 . uaire na biur (nach berim, LU 1567 ) th'ascaid, IT ii2 209 § 3 . ni béra (berair, v.l.) usce uam, ol sisi `no water shalt thou get from me', RC xxiv 198.5 . bertís dliged `they received their due', Metr. Dinds. i 24.18 . bērtait (berait, R) in coin, Sc.M² 4. ní ruc na cepóca cé ruc na heocha, Sc.M² 20(R) . Legal obtains, inherits (land, etc.); incurs (liabilities), is liable for: moirseisiur nosbeir co mbuaidh / cumal tsenorba ní suaill `seven persons obtain, with triumph, the `cumal tsenorba',' Laws iv 42.4 Comm. ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 141.9 ). iar n-ecaib in fir berius orbae a brathar `of the man who receives the inheritance of his kinsman', Stud. in E. Ir. Law 137.20 . berti `he (the son) takes it (i.e. inheritance of land)' ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 156.29 ), Laws iv 48.3 Comm. beirid cach dibad ┐ cinaid araili `each receives the inheritance and incurs the liability of the other' ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 149. 18 ), 42.31 Comm. (of tutors) nocha mberait cinta na mac bis ag foglaim foilfecht (see F s.v.) aca `they do not sustain the liabilities', 236.19 Comm. (of a woman's `coibhche') isin coibhche tanaiste is dá trian no beireadh a athair ann; . . . is lugha beireas brathair oldas athair `her father . . . would have had two-thirds; and a brother gets less than a father', 64.4 Comm. in fer berus techtugad isin ferand, 2.16 Comm. i n-orba cruid no sliasta a mathur beris sisi in techtugad sin `that she makes that entry', Stud. in E. Ir. Law 133.20 ( Laws iv 14.26 Comm. ).

In phr. b.¤ díriug `carries off, obtains' ( GOI § 381 ), see díriuch. With adverbial as takes away: rom-beir as Pátraic ┐ ron-bennach `P. took him thence', Lism. L. 513. rugadh dá sheisi úam as `two comrades are snatched from me (by death)' (Notes), Bard. Synt. Tr. 28.y . saves, rescues: mac side ingine Lōith . . . bert a māthair ass ina brú his mother preserved him in her womb (from massacre by the Aitheachthuatha), ZCP xi 91.3 . cred beirius C. ass cen tuitim limsa, FDG 697. With refl. pron. takes oneself off; escapes: not-ber as dom'inchaib depart from my presence, ZCP i 105.1 . notbeirsiu as fó chetóir, SG i 312.1 . nod beir as amhail as ferr cotniocfa escape as best you can, TFrag. 208.16 .

VII In expressions of time.

(a) spends, lit. takes (time) (cf. do-beir I (m)): ? issí no bered in sechtmad n-aidchi i ṅgalad d'ḟeraib hErend for in t-ṡluagad do lacht, TBC-LL¹ 403. With adverbial as: na beir th'aimsir ass do réir mian do cholla, PH 7816.

(b) Intrans. lasts, endures, keeps (see Duan. F. iii 47 ): in fad (sic leg.) bhéaras as long as it endures (viz. an duan-sa, 75 ), Dán Dé xxv 76 . fada b[h]ēruid (sic leg., ed.) `long they shall live', Duan. F. i 54.16 . d'éis na buidhne nách buan rug `after that shortlived company', TD 25.34 . béaraidh mé go buan, Dánta Gr. 90.22 . ? an feadh rug a teas don ghréin, 85.6 . beiridh a brigh a cnáim craidhi in fiadha deich mbliadhna fichet `the virtue lasts for 30 years', O'Gr. Cat. 230.9. With as: gurub meinic beireas an easlainte so as gu ceann ceithri la ┐ da .xx. ead that this illness sometimes continues, 23 P 10³, 35b14 . rucatar as in adaigh sin co solus-trāth ēirghi ar n-a mārach, ML² 1079. ni rug og na sen a comfad-so as damh riam gan toitim lium `held out against me', ZCP vi 101.7 . do rugadar as mar sin go haimsir E. they continued in that way, PCT 392.

VIII carries off, away (from etc.) with prepp. A, AR, DI, etc. cf. IV; note b.¤ as under VI, VII. ni béram ass dano gl. quod nec aufferre quid possimus, Wb. 29b15 . bertair dano briathra asin stoirsea innun, Ml. 26c6 . nocon ructaisseom cid a delg asa brot-som nammá, LU 4991 ( TBC-I¹ 502 ). do foglaim na Tāna rucc in sái rōmānach á hArdmacha, ACL iii 5.30 . berid . . . a sūil asa chionn plucks his eye from his head, ACL iii 309.1 . ní berae a salm ar assaph tri nephscribend in tituil se riam `thou shalt not take from A.', Ml. 94a1 . rucad a rosc airi he (viz. the dying Cú Ch.) was deprived of his sight, RC iii 181.27 . etach berar do áos tuati a garment that is taken from the laity, Mon. Tall. 154.28 . nicon berat a drúcht dind fhéor, MU² 565. dos lēicim-se dō in ngaī cétna co mbert a lāim de it struck off his hand, Sc.M² 10. gan mharthain do mhac Áine (sic leg.) / rug don éigse a hamháille `has robbed poesy of her gaiety', Studies 1924, 89 § 30 . In phr. beirid ed di (ó), see 2 ed. ní berae siu hua duaid in salm so `thou shalt not take from David this psalm', Ml. 74d13 . masa indeithbir ro-n-uc uad . . . no ro-n-uc deithbir uad, Laws iv 34.32 Comm. tanic merlech . . . co mbered molt cech uare uadi, Thes. ii 336.43 . dia ructar (ructhar, ed.) ar mnā dōera uand, TBC-I¹ 1129. do-thíaguit na mná immi, ┐ berdait (beraid, v.l.) úaidib i ssíd Crúachan, TBFr. 131. ní huaibhse rug an nglaic ngloin, Studies 1918, 282 § 15 . cía ráott beres rígi Temrach . . . ó chlaind C. `what is it that deprives the offspring of C. . . . of the Kingship of Tara', BColm. 76.3 . bearar uatha an corp ré sruth na Bóinne the body is swept away from them by the current of the B., Keat. ii 5414.

With advv. berthus ind arbar sis `the grain carries it (i.e. water in gruel) downwards', Mon. Tall. 158.6 . acht a mbeir (sc. in gadaige) cen fhis, PH 7574.

IX carries, brings to, etc. (with CO, DO, DOCHUM etc.) (= do-beir). (Somet. with LA, cf. IV) berid taisi B. co Ros Cam les `takes B.'s remains to R.C.', RC xxiv 182.11 . forcmath mo brīathra, bērtait co būaid they will bring him to victory (?), ZCP xi 98 § 63. nombered cách ar uair dina maccleirchib dochum a tigid (sic) leu, Mon. Tall. 155.6 . beram co noibi nemthech let us carry it (i.e. the tower of Babel) up as far as holy heaven, SR 2744. go mbeiri Rí . . . sinn dochum coda na beathadh sīordhuidhe, Parrth. Anma 744. In more or less abstract senses: teinnes . . . beris nech cum atcomuill `disposes a person to dropsy', Rosa Angl. 322.3 . i toimtiu nábad do hierúsalem .i. opes nobertis, Wb. 16d4 . beirsiu lat é do[t] tigernu, Thes. ii 310.30 . noco rucaimse cend úain bic don dúnud `I am not the man to carry . . .' ( Stories fr. Táin 49 ), LU 5755 (= TBC-I¹ 1283 ). ? ní bertis da rótaib / ar uamain a cathmi, LL 6595 ( MS. Mat. 493 ). is do soscelu berid int apstal in salm so gl. transferre, Ml. 42b7 . cia beraid doib a remeperthe though he refer to them the aforesaid, Ml. 37a9 . namber du chesad `he applies it to the Passion', 86d16 . berir dano fri laa brátha, Wb. 29a28 . ruucthar fri cach rét it can be applied to everything, Ml. 35b10 . mad fri frecur cheill De nosbera, 43a2 . ae freslighe . . . cid la dechnaid berthair though it be included under, IT iii 74 § 34. nachib berar i smachtu rechta fetarlicce, Wb. 27a24 . nos berad i llías ṅgamna they carry her into, BDD² 76. bertair immorro da boin ind `are . . . brought thither', Dinds. 60. berthius C. mac E. i n-Aird Ladrann fodes immirge na n-Deisse `C. sent the wandering host of the D. to A. L. southward', Cymmr. xiv 108.4 . b.¤ i mmudu see madae. ros bertsat uile fóe in oenḟecht they all fell upon him at once, TBC-LL¹ 912. no-bar-beraid uili fóe sút, TBC-LL¹ 907. biru iarom mo chois forsan carraig, RC x 88.2 . ninruc for maith ar sóire `has not brought us to good', Wb. 21b3 .

V. freq. with prep. FOR (later AR) catches up, overtakes, etc.: b.¤ Tigernan . . . forru ic Ath Fhirdeadh `comes up with them', AU ii 120.1 . ni ḟil fiad arna bermís `would not overtake', RC vii 294.24 ( LL 29171 ). da mberthar ort, ZCP viii 541.6 . ruc an oidhche air `night overtook him', ZCP xi 136.16 . go rucc for esparta na manach `returned . . . in time for the vespers', BNnÉ 295 § 21 . mana fághbadh fortacht fá cend trí lá nách bérthai ara fortacht that it would be too late to help him, Expugn. Hib. 32. nach bérthaoi i mbethaidh forra muna thíosta dia ccobhair a ttraitte, AFM vi 1918. 5 . go mbéaradh (Niúl) ar aimsir Mhaoise san Éigipt `should have survived till', Keat. ii 243. ní bheir an athmhadan ort / gan a mbí id dhún do dhúsocht `no morning finds thee', Aithd. D. 8.36 . an trath beris se ar a leth dorchaigid se uile e `when it spreads over half of the moon, the shadow (of the earth) obscures it completely', Ir. Astr. Tr. 86.24 . d'éis leighis orchra Uladh / beiris ortha an t-urdhubhadh, Aithd. D. 23.22 . ní fhuil cadad eidir .s. ┐ .c. le mbéradh bogadh air by which it might come to be devoiced, IGT Introd. § 30. ní fhuil cruth a mbearar ar .sh. nach amhlaidh as cóir úaim ria .sh. is not found in any position such that . . ., § 13 . beires L. ar Aódh seized, TBC-LL¹ 3897 n . (of a key position) beire ar sheas meadhóin Midhe, Aithd. D. 15.13 . beiris i n-a bheōl . . . ar lampa airgit seized a silver lamp in its mouth, Fl. Earls 138.1 . is ar bhrághaid uirre bheireas, TSh. 2324.

With imm (= do-beir II (d)): arrombuí dech . . . do thimthaigib . . . issed bertatar umpu ind éicis, Corm. Bodl. 32. With tre: berir dano a ndede sin trisin testimin so, Wb. 10b19 . co rucasdur bern .c. ┐ .1. tresin cath siar sechtair he cleared a gap for 150 . . ., Ériu viii 32.25 . co mbert crand trít transfixed him (with the spear), LU 1576.

X With nouns expressing movement: berid iarum a cem annuas `he steps down', Ériu v 32.30 . is ing ma rofuc nech díb a choiss sech araile, LU 8253 ( FB 20 ). nach bēram oired ordlaig tar ar n-ais nō cēim ar culaib, ML² 1379 - 80 . hisse leth rucsum a reim he directed his course, Rawl. 87a29 , ZCP viii 264 § 15. bertais amus arna sluaghaib he attacked the hosts, 543.18 . ruccsat ruathar dochum an cleirigh, BNnÉ 34 § 55 . in ruathar ronuc fon sluag the onslaught that he made upon the host, Ériu v 240.30 . ruc sidhe dian dasachtach futha he made for them, Fier. 233. bheireas léim ainmhear inntibh, Content. xxv 7. béra ó bháirc a caladh chúairt, IGT Decl. ex. 1005. b.¤ súr, see súr. Note also: feibh as deine ronuccsat as fast as they could go, AFM vi 2120.21 .

XI For do-beir gives: bertais rabudh ┐ oirchisecht do she gave him warning and commiseration, ZCP viii 541.4 . co rohuicc secht cētguini `dealt', Fianaig. 12.13 . bertais beim do, ZCP viii 552.27 .

XII Various phrases.

In greetings, salutations; malediction, censure, etc. with meaning takes (somet. = do-beir): tabhair is beir mo bheannocht (addressing a letter) `carry my blessing', Studies 1920, 569 § 25 . berid Émine bennachtain ona flaithib ┐ facbaidhsium alaile, Anecd. i 45.6 . See bennacht, búaid. bērat-sa slán lim I shall take my leave, ZCP viii 312.9 . In phr. b.¤ airbiri receives reproach, see airbire. berid trīst ┐ mallachtuin nōem nHērenn take with you the curse, ACL iii 3.23 .

In phr. b.¤ aithniu (aithne) see 2 aithne.

b.¤ buide gives, returns thanks: `tucc dúin uile,' ol in cerdd `berma buide,', ZCP iii 222.13 . See 2 buide. b.¤ cádus, onóir (do) (cf. do-beir) pays respect, honour (to): onoir ┐ cádus don dardáin, amal no-s-bertís don dómnach, PH 327.

b.¤ díga di see dígu: fis a mbrígha do-beir d'ḟilidh / nach beir (geibh, v.l.) díga d'idhibh óir who does not spurn, IGT Decl. ex. 75.

With eól, eólas (for earlier do-beir): beiridh th'inneach iul do dháimh, DDána 74.67 . beir eolus díreach damh-sa / . . . / don chathraigh guide me straight, 73 . beiris Abán eolus conaire doibh lasin tapar, BNnÉ 9 § 32 .

b.¤ fis (a ḟis), see 1 fis gets, obtains information, etc.: ni berair let a ḟis ní as mo na sin `that is all the information that thou wilt get', Ériu iii 164 § 17. bhéar mé fios mo bhríathar = I will make known my words, Proverbs i 23. rucad īarum a fis-sin co Colum Cille `that news was brought to C.C.', BColm. 54.20 . birt (bert, MSS.) mōit/mucu búaid-Bairchedo (see móit (a)), Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 21 § 2. bertsa mo chubus co grian / in gach cath andecha riam, SG 187.31 .

b.¤ do rogu: ber-si do roga anois cia dib gresfi dochum an chatha `take thy choice', TTebe 4321 . berid Sreng cuigidh Connacht do rogain S. makes choice of the province of C., Ériu viii 56.38 . rogha do ríoghmhnáibh Uladh / ruguis, TD 27.41 . maor rugas mar ragha riamh, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxii 4.

bét

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bét or dil.ie/5770

Forms: béd, -a

n u, m. béd m. g s. -a, IGT Decl. § 95.

(a) deed, us. in unfavourable sense deed of violence, crime, misdeed, injury: bēt a betula (.i. uirgo sine custodia interpretatur) .i. ōg scēlach amnārech et inde dicitur duine bētach, Corm. Y 178 (cf. petulo, petulans, petulcus ?). bet a betula (.i. virgini siue cusdos) .i. ara minci pudrae do mnāibh, O'Mulc. 144. Eōin bicc baile .i. pōic ┐ meirtrech Eoin baili .i. bet ┐ mebul, nó póc ┐ pudhair, ZCP viii 107 n.4 . béd .i. gniomh, O'Cl. co ndernasom b.¤ ( béit, TBC-I¹ 486 ) n-aile played another prank (?), LU 4975. a bēta its achievements (of Ireland), Ériu iv 162 § 26. D. cen b.¤ cen bine / fuair éc `without violence or crime', Arch. Hib. ii 85 § 37. (of a spear-cast) nocon fetur sochla set / in buaid dorignius no in bet `unlucky deed' (Vocab. SC2), LU 3861. dorigenæ atech a tigh ind ríg bet mar (i.e. broke the king's precious cup), Vita Br. 32. cia bet asrubart whatever foolish thing I (may) have said, 30 . nāch bēt (: éc; beth, MS.) dot c[h]ēill cāiniudh geōidh? is it not an offence to thy sense ? Fianaig. 42.2 . ar mbeta .i. ar pecctha, Thes. ii 351.31 (Hy. vi Comm.). riasiu tecma bet no pudar, 46 . In cheville: ro bo béad `'twas wrong', Magauran 621 .

(b) Also in passive sense misfortune, calamity, loss, sorrow: a Brigit, bennach ar sét / nachar táir b.¤ ar ar cúairt (`evil', RC xiii 116 § 161 ), LL 39211. fa b.¤ in ní dorónad lá déidhinach in chatha .i. a badadh Caeil, Acall. 833. gé dorat brón is béd di, SG 68.35 . In cheville: anba an béd, IGT Decl. ex. 1075.

Compds. bétbríathrach `hurtful in word', Cóir Anm. 263. bétblaid mbrath, SG 84.43 . beim bedgnimach bais, ZCP vi 275.12 . béd-leomhan hero , Ériu ix 4.23 . [gár] bheag a bhéad-daoire dhí (viz. to Ireland), A. Ó Dálaigh liii 4.

1 brága

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 brága or dil.ie/6482

Forms: brág(a)e, bráige, brághat, brágha, bráighi, brághaid, braiget

n earlier brág(a)e t. Also bráige. Later f. g s. na brághat , IGT Decl. § 11 (54.13) , see also forms brágha bráighi f. in IGT s.v. 2 brága. Later n s. brághaid, ZCP v 211.5 (Midn. Court).

I

(a) neck, throat, gullet: bráge gl. ceruix, Sg. 50a10 . braga .i. bir-āga. Āige ainm bir. Nō bara āig í ar menci airlig na bragad, Corm. Y 161. braighe no muinél, SG ii 473.43 . to choise hi nglas, to braghat hi slabraith, Bürgschaft 23.4 (cf. Ériu xix 71 § 35 ). Morund nícon ruc breth cin sin ima braghuit `without . . . a chain around his neck', Laws i 24.25 Comm. gaī trīat brāgit . . . ro-loitt . . . féthi do brāgat, Sc.M² 14. in chráeb . . . eter in ṁbrágit ┐ in n-agid, Fraech 202 . ba gilithir snechta oenaidchi a brági ┐ a chnes, TFerbe 44 . ór fo brāigtib, ZCP viii 302.28 . láma cáich dib dar brágait a céli, PH 1697. íar nglenamain cnáma bratan in a bragit when a salmon bone stuck in his throat, LU 4058. tachtad ar brágtib, 2426 . ron tart a b.¤ (: cána) his throat dried up, LL 21168. bat itadaigh na braichti (braigde, v.l.), CCath. 2579. geal a bhrāighdhe bán a b[h]onn, KMMisc. 362.3 . do-ratsat a lama tar braigit araile ┐ ro pocsat a cele, Grail 1094 . dod bhrághaid bháin, DDána 19.11 . an bhrágha dar bhean a glas the neck she (sc. Mary) freed from chains, 7.10 . atá do bhráighe mar thor ibhori, Cant. vii 4. dá nathair nimhe . . . timchioll a brághad, Mac Aingil 2732 .

Of animals, etc. fo brágit cech eich, Fraech 28 . im braigit na cethra, Laws i 142.13 Comm. i mbrágtib na n-ocht mbiast (of infernal monsters), LU 2156 ( FA 22 ). gabhus sí an mhuc ar bhrághaid `by the neck', Oss. vi 142.21 . ar fairsinge a bragat of its (a raven's) craw, O'Mulc. 122.

Fig. of persons: brágha chatha Choirrshléibhe `the vanguard of the troop of C.', O'Hara 1472. (of a warrior) brágha míonmhaicne Míleadh, DDána 73.36 .

Attrib. g s. huball braiget ` Adam's apple, thyroid cartilage ', Bretha 2A . Cf. ar mheall do bhrághad, Keat. Poems 1195. fri huball brāgad in chon, TBC-I¹ 524. cnocc bráget see cnocc. anagaidh . . . tuitim an tsine Ṡeaain ┐ na cat mbraghat quinsy (?), C IV 2, 30vb 17 (see Études Celt. iii 368 § 8 ). esbada brágat, see 1 esbaid.

Of other parts of the body: a cur a mbragaid an lésa neck of the bladder, O'Gr. Cat. 272.9. do chuir an cenn ele don cengal ima bhraighid `across his chest', Stair Erc. 1961. le himurcrachaib na sróna ┐ na bráighedh `of . . . the lungs— the chest' (Gloss.), Reg. San. 21 § ix . ra tescfaitis lim-sa bráigte fer for bráigte fer `trunks of men', TBC-LL² 4708 . (in rhet.) crennait brain braigte fer, 4603 . Hence by metonymy body, person; life (?). In legal contexts: a feronn ria na braighid, a braigh fa deoigh `his land (is forfeited) before his neck, his neck last', Laws iv 264.14 . Cf. a ferunn re na braighe `before his person' (of the order in which distraint is levied upon a debtor), ii 40.25 Comm. co tuctar [a lan] log a mbraigit doib dar a cenn (of selling misbegotten children), iii 540.21 Comm. tri .xx. unga do or . . . ┐ lan logh braghad in treas oeitire `full compensation for the life of', AU i 560.13 .

(b) Extended applications: gabul fo brāigit neck (of a spear), Fing. R. 1011. a dhā c[h]raīsigh . . . co m[b]unc[h]oraib óir deirg im a bhráighdib, ML² 1485. darsin mbragait `over the neck' (of a harp), Lism. L. xiv 32 . braigit na linne millrace , Todd Nenn. 200.5 . (of a sea strait) isin mbráighit cumaing bui eiter in cuan ┐ in fairrgi, CCath. 1379. as don fhocal ēns[h]iolla sin goirthear `bráighe' i.e. the monosyll. at the end of even lines in metre sédna, Graim. 3638. In nn. loc. see Hog. Onom. s. braig- , bragad , bragaid .

II In prepositional phrases. fo braigit na Samhna `at the approach of', ALC ii 134.6 . fa bhrághaid Mhathghamhna in the presence of M., PCT 642. suidhe i dTeamhraigh 'na rígh fa bhrághaid Néill supplanting N. as king, Keat. ii 6263. do thogair D. an mac do b'óige don dís teacht fá bhrághaid a dhearbhráthar, 2841 . foesamh graid flatha tar braigit fini to the prejudice of (?), Laws iv 208. 25 Comm. manab tar braghait fine `against the will of', 288.21 Comm. gerruis clann R. an tslighe tar bhrághuid clann I. `made their way in front of . . .', Rel. Celt. ii 200.28 . tucastar . . . ceithri coisceimenda dochum araile tar braigit na sleg past, Acall. 4734.

In phr. gaibid for (ar) brágait takes prisoner or captive (? lit. by the neck, cf. 2 brága): gabaid [Ísu Críst] for bragaid Sattan, PH 3925. gabais ar braigtib eat uile `took them all prisoners', RC ix 16 § 6.

Compds. With adjj. Eochaid gunnat .i. Eochaid bragfhada, SG ii 473.42 . an gruaidhghil bind brágaitghil, Ériu iv 214.8 . As subst. an bhraighidgheal `the fair-breasted lady', O'Rah. 224.23.

brollach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. brollach or dil.ie/6959

Forms: -aige, brollachaib

n o, [n.] (1 brú) pl. -aige.

(a) breast, bosom, chest: cliath, ochd, brothlach, b.¤ , Eg. Gl. 122. frith . . . / i mbrolluch C. . . . / noedenan bec in C.'s arms, LL 17989. a b.¤ sneadach (in abusive expression), IT iii 99 § 165 , Bruchst. i 28 § 62. fa tteanfá le b.¤ mná coigcriche = embrace the bosom, Proverbs v 20. go bhfaileóchdáois . . . a mbrollaighe = their breast, RSClára 74b . i mb.¤ chnis `in . . . mid-chest', O'Gr. Cat. 584.4. Of garments, armour, etc.: dar b.¤ in choṅganchnis ` breast-piece ', TBC-LL² 3350 . dar b.¤ na luirighe, CCath. 5603. hi corthair brollaig inair Oengusa, Dinds. 32. tar b.¤ na bocoidi `through the boss of the buckler', Caithr. CC 16. for bernadaib ┐ brollaig[ib] dó, TBC-LL² 4451 = brollachaib, TBC St. 4312. teora cimsa . . . i mbernadaib ┐ brollaigib dó ` scallops and curves' on a garment, LL 32349 ( TTr. 1538 ). mar tá b.¤ ar hatán ` rent (?)' (Notes), TD 38.7 . Perh. difft. wd. in last three exx. Cf. 1 bronnaid.

Other applications: a thonn bháidhte brollaigh cuain (to Mary), Aithd. D. 97.26 . 'n-a mb.¤ in the van, 16.37 . do lethb. in chatha `at one side of the line', Ériu viii 40.13 . b.¤ oidhche at nightfall (?), H 3.18, 10 marg. sup.

(b) Legal. In Laws Comm. dorn, lám i mb.¤ `hand on the breast', a symbolic (?) gesture appar. used in apprehending a debtor or expelling an outsider: aitire gaibhes gnimu nadma aitire són dobeir laím im b.¤ feicheman co nadhmaim le saigid riasíu ascomra, ZCP xiii 24.12 `der den Schuldner zugleich mit einem `naidm' am Brustlatz packt', Bürgschaft 13 § 42. dorn ina b.¤ `holding him (a vagrant) by the collar', Laws i 128.27 . dorn ina brolluch in or críche, muna ti urruidh fo lan, ┐ da ti, is a ic dosidhe .i. lamh ina b.¤ , ii 88.19 , 20 . dorn i n-a b.¤, ar daigin a astaigthi re fiachaib, v 478. 26 = O'Dav. 1262.

(c) In prep. phrases. ar Banba b.¤ to the forefront of B. (a ruler), SG 334.z . i mb.¤ gacha mórshluaig `at the head of every great host', 100.30 . i ndorus (= a mb.¤, v.l.) ifrinn in front of, BNnÉ 216 § 95 . rena b.¤ beside her (?), 164 § 34 . Note also: i mb.¤ in catha ` outset ', Caithr. Thoirdh. 115. 17 (cf. brolach).

1 brú

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 brú or dil.ie/7037
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: brugha, broinn, bronn

n n, f. Note d. sg. b.¤, , Fél. Ep. 464 , ZCP lvii 156 . n p. (? as g-stem) brugha (= alvos), 23 K 42, 26.1 . Later n s. broinn, Anecd. v 22 n. 5 . b.¤ f., IGT Decl. § 97. g s. bronn, ex. 1773 .

(a) abdomen, belly; bowels, entrails: amal sōeras Ionas fāith/ a b.¤ míl mōir, Thes. ii 304. 5 (Hy. i). de b.¤ céti magni, Fél. Ep. 464. a bróndaib in tríir from the bellies of the three men, Trip.² 2120. niruho herosai . . . den laec[h] imdecht lie mét a bronn `owing to the bigness of his belly', RC xii 86 § 93. a bruindi a tir Arabia: a bru a Lodain `his (Adam's) belly', MacCarthy 25.4 . im stáic do broinn B. `for a steak off B.'s belly' (a man in the shape of a pig), Metr. Dinds. iii 388.20 . giamtar lana na brondanda `though the bellies were full', CCath. 2579. faisbedgarnach na mbruinnech ┐ na mbronnann `of the . . . bellies', 5937 . inne a brond `his bowels', RC iii 181.16 . céin robo beo ní thaudchaid a b.¤ for cóir (an injured warrior), LU 6078 (TBC). fíce secda brond `dry internal piles', Mon. Tall. 152.9 . co ceanglann an reubarbrum an b.¤ , Rosa Angl. 290.6 . sgaoileadh . . . bronn looseness of the bowels, TSh. 1729. See menad .

In sense of bruinne: bru arna tromghuin, IT iii 96 § 150. og tabairt do an gai a broind an maic, Anecd. i 16.13 . dorecgmaing 'sin scíath ósa broind `over his breast', TBC-LL² 1128 . b.¤ ealae (B. na f.) breast of a swan, ACL iii 310 § 4. Note also broinn ar bhráighid ` side by side ', Bard. Synt. Tr. 24.25 .

Esp. womb: cid hua b.¤ gl. ab utero, Ml. 75d9 . isin mbroin mathardi, 44a10 . i mbru a mathar, 71c15 . figor cuirp crist rosuidiged hi linannart brond maire (of the Host), Thes. ii 252.10 (Stowe M.). teuir oenaidchi fo b.¤ `three nights (were passed) in the womb', Thes. ii 291.6 . compert maic Dé . . . i mbroind (bru, v.l.) Muire óige, Ériu ii 198.15 . cotombertsa b.¤ sóer, LU 8280 ( FB 22 ). fot broinn / búredaig `in your bellowing womb', Celtica vi 222 § 67 . inna broind, LU 10602 = it bruinn (Eg.), IT i 139.23 ( Comp. CC 5 ). níra alt Banba da b.¤ , LL 11034 `nor has B. ever nurtured', TBC-LL² 3594 . coro thoed a b.¤ `till her womb should have fallen' (with childbirth), Dinds. 94 . toircheas bronn na banóighe, DDána 9.11 . an lá gheintear neach i mbroinn, TSh. 2388. med do ghail ar broind o mB. `relationship on distaff side' (note), Magauran 2526 . do fágbadh i mbroinn `was posthumous', O'Gr. Cat. 351.4.

(b) body (or part of it) consuming food, hence appetite, gluttony: srīan frit broind, ZCP vi 264 § 5. mar lán mara a-mach 's amuigh / bídh b.¤ gach aoinfhir amhlaidh, Aithd. D. 80.36 . As seat of consciousness, emotions, etc. roscé anni robi ina broind `he disburdened his heart', RC ii 197.18 . is maith cach broinn i mbídh in bēlrad aidhbind .i. teibernighes aircetal ūaithi mind (?), Anecd. v 22 note 5 . do ghabh . . . 'na broinn . . . rún ro dhaingean, Desid. 2155.

? In B. na f.: mo b.-sa ris nī berba, / gorab en lemno luæ, ACL iii 310 § 5. dlicht sāer sāerus broind, Anecd. v 22.17 .

(c) Extended meanings interior, cavity; front (etc.), surface of things, ground, etc.: asréracht . . . / Íssu a b.¤ thalman, Fél. March 27 . cusin bhfialluch ngaiscid bui 'na mbroinn `therein' (in `war-castles' mounted on elephants), Marco P. 114. ros tóccbhaidhther tú a broind áoilich from the middle of a dung-heap, BNnÉ 325 § 42 . b.¤ dhealbhnathrach serpent-shaped hold (of a ship), Measgra D. 48.33 .

(d) In prepp. phrs. With AR (FOR), FRI, TAR: thūaidh atā an cethrar calma / as féile atā ar broinn Banba over B., ZCP viii 109.29 . ar brū na bearna `facing contest' (Gloss.), O'R. Poems 395. ar broinn an chatha `in the battle-van', Aithd. D. 26.21 . doronad istada re broinn seilgi `for hunting', Marco P. 49. dá sluagh . . . fri broinn (re hagaidh, v.l.) catha do chur `on the point of joining battle', BNnÉ 7 § 23 . re broinn shollamhna mar soin `at the approach of such a festival', Ériu v 54.19 . atracht . . . neart Cruithneach ┐ Gaedeal dar broind Bretan across B., Todd Nenn. 72.5 . dar broind mionn, ┐ comairgeadh `in violation of relic-oaths and sureties', AFM ii 1072.21 . With DO: pógadh ban do bhroinn a bpósta | peacadh már do gach mhac óg 'kissing women before they are married is a great sin to every young man', Giolla Brighde 242 § 24 .

Compds. With nouns: arhirchus bronnbuar oc bánfethig (rhet.), ZCP viii 306.32 ; big-bellied cattle Studia Celtica Upsaliensia ii 62 § 11 . ? coire breth . . . con-berbha bretha brúchaire breithemhan, Ériu xiii 26.10 . Ioin . . . brunndalta Ísu `beloved disciple', PH 1454. Cf. Eoin bruinde, 8421 . bronndalta do bhí ag Colmán `a beloved fosterling', Studies 1918 , 99 § 10 .

fora bronnfine (.i. . . . fora macaib) on her immediate family (bosom-kin of sons, grandsons, Thurn.), Ir. Recht 28 § 31 , Stud. in E. Ir. Law 111. ni mad chine / nad choisc a bronnḟine, LL 19127. sruth ... ṡiris bronnghaotha 'den ... Strom, welcher die Bauchwinde durchwandert', Akten Linz 137 § 5 .

gríss bronn-galair glanas broinn `the fever of an abdominal disease, etc.', Triads 224 . go bronn-lár nó go bolgán na bruidhne sin to the very middle of that hostel (sc. hell), TSh. 6649.

With adjj.: ar losaid bhronn-áird `in a deep trough', Tribes of Irel. 46.9 . do láigh breacca broinddearga red-chested fawns, Acall. 94. a mbárca . . . brondḟarsiuṅga, LL 32149 ( TTr. 1338 ). do b[r]ithemnaib bronngaethaib ` wise-hearted ' (Gloss.), SR 4566. an chíoch . . . bhruinngheal, Aithd. D. 85.11 . ba bronnlan longa na Lochlannach with full holds, Caithr. CC 77. .l. gabur . . . it é . . . bruinlethain, LU 10812. brighmur broinntseng bríatharcert ` emaciated ' (a saint), RC xii 320 § 1. With part. broinn-tesctha, ML² 1797.

caingnech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. caingnech or dil.ie/7834

adj o, ā (caingen) contentious, troublesome : bar scél is cruáid 's is caiṅgnech, TFerbe 605 . ba cangnech a cét-tochmarc `contentious', Metr. Dinds. iii 82.68 . coscor caiṅgnech, LL 4914 . lám fri tarbata / domain . . . chaingnig, ACL iii 311.w . is in demin maicni E. / . . . caiṅgnech a clú is a matter in dispute, RC xlvii 301.15 ( LL 16898 ). iar clod chatha chaingnig crúaid, LL 364 marg. sup. cāiniudh cach cinadh caingnig (-d, MS) besetting sin, ZCP vi 264 § 4 . Of persons usually in complimentary sense: dar brethir Crist chaingnig `Christ the pleader', ZCP xxiv 141.1 . Eccneach sil Conaill caingnigh `of the good counsels', AFM i 562.12 ( TFrag. 200.10 ). Cf. sluag . . . tairm-glic tren-chaingneach (of demons), YBL 161a22 .

As subst. o, m.: a eolchu nó a chaṅgnichu `pleaders', ACC 106 . a chaingnig (St. Michael), CF 89.25 .

cáith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cáith or dil.ie/7988

Forms: cáid, cáithe, cátha, caith

n f. Also appar. cáid (see below). g s. cáithe, cátha, IGT Decl. § 42 . chaff, husks : caith gl. furfur, Thes. ii 226.36 . c.¤ no cáithlech gl. acus, Sg. 68a4 . c.¤ bed ṡrethi gl. acus subster- nendum. 5 . a samuil . . . fri cāith ar a fāisi ┐ a édtort[h]ige, Corm. Y 217 . bid caith cách .i. bid éttarbach, Harl. 5280, 41b cited Plummer MS notes. ? co freisce cuile caith, Laws iv 352.13 Comm. a cait lín i lladaír fiaích, IT iii 80.13 . ina mhin cona caith, LB 155b21 . corbam cruithnecht it it[h]lainn / i lō loiscthi na cātha (: brátha), Ériu iii 31 § 24 . boith a d-tómhaistear an cháith choirce `oaten chaff', Tribes of Irel. 58.11 . arán . . . / 's a lán cáithe 'na chreataigh, 68.2. búain na cátha risan ccrui[th]neacht, Jeremiah xxiii 28 . leabaidh cátha nó lócháin `beddes of chaffe', RSClára 21b .

In more general sense rubbish, waste : caith chaillighi cac na ndruth, IT iii 103.9 . ? tocbaith caith ortbaígh, BB 266b49 . tre chátha cend (of site of slaughter), Metr. Dinds. ii 22.69 . tír do-bhéara ar bheagán ch.¤ (of hosting) `will reduce the land to a handful of chaff', Magauran 2993 . ni bhfuil acht c.¤ id chruthughadh, Luc. Fid. 4962 . Transf. of moral fault, stain: cáidh mo cholla / báidh le tonna na trócaire, Dán Dé xxx 10 = IGT Decl. ex. 50 . coinfeasōir gan choir gan chāidh (: láimh) (of St. Anthony), Celtica iv 139.101 . gan chluain . . . gan ch.¤ , Hackett² iv 16 .

See 3 cath.

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