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? béochell

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? béochell or dil.ie/5677

Forms: Bēochell

n beo-ceall .i. fili . . . ana beo-cheall benair danaib .i. is fir inní cinnter don beo-ciallach ar a dan .i. don file, O'Dav. 282. ? As n.pr. Bēochell, Corp. Gen. 351.1 . Síl ṁBēochill, 11 . mac Beochaill, LL 350c5 .

1 búar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 búar or dil.ie/7284
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: buar, buar

n o, n. (bó). b.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 96. Us. as coll. cows, cattle, herd(s): buar .i. ba, O'Cl. ealbha, b.¤, speil, tréud, Eg. Gl. 255. doria buar buara, O'Dav. 732. la buar búirech `bellowing cattle', Celtica vi 235 ( buire, Laws iv 20.6 ). dilsi buair, ibid. deichde a b.¤ , Críth G. 132. ba sé sin b.¤ Flidais, LU 1632 (see Heldensage 317). di maigib in búair, 4677 (TBC). cia beir b.¤ o thig Temrach ?, LL 1566. crich ḟer ḟind ḟoghlas bu buair, IT iii 88 § 104. an cheall guna b.¤ bennach, BNnÉ 287.5 . ar cúl a mbó ┐ a mbuair, AFM iii 222.15 .

Of hosts of people : a Fíachaig Find búair fherda | do-rochair rí roEmna 'by Fíachu Find of a manly host did the king of great Emain fall', Three Historical Poems 154 q. 128c-d . buar namat, RC xvii 137.17 'a host', Contribb. 285. b.¤ súad .i. airchetla beca ara tabraiter bae do suid, RC xxvi 22 § 66.

Less freq. in pl.: ro ir dam . . . .x. mbuair (mbuar, v.l.) .i. cáirigh nó gabhair nó dairt, Ériu ii 4.10 . .ui. buar `six cows', Laws iii 60.4 Comm. imad buar , YBL 174a8 . bō-ghéimnech na mbuar, ML² 1172.

Compds. búar-brat cattle-spoils , Metr. Dinds. iii 82.72 . ¤cholt, see 1 colt. fa bhúarghraighibh, Hy Maine 141.5 . um bhuairsbré, DDána 118.29 .

cáttamail

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cáttamail or dil.ie/8394

adj i (cáttu) honoured, revered, venerable : rígain catamail, LU 4016 ( SCC 46 ). ar ba catamail leo A. `revered by them', Aen. 1667 . fagbáil catamail crochi Crist i n-amsir Constantin, Fél. 128.14 ` authentic ', translation based on : in perso chatamail gl. [a]utentica persona, KZ xxix 374 § 68b . co ndiadacht c.¤ , PH 8324 . im cathraig cátamuil, ZCP xii 390.17 . mo cheall cátamhail, BNnÉ 314.5 . aní is cátamhuil leis bís aice, O'D. 762 ( H 3.17, 449 ) (for cátamla, superl. ?).

do-bádi

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-bádi or dil.ie/17198

Forms: díbdaid, dobádi, dibdaí, dobáidet, dibda, derbade, do-s-rubaid, doroibaid, doríbaig, nderbaid, dibdatar, díbdaither, -robdait[h]er, dobáidfither, dibdabtair, conderbadad, dorróbdad, rodibdad, rodibad, díbdad, rodibdait, rodíbdáit, díbdud

(* dí-báid-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 459 ); later as simple vb. díbdaid. Cf. do-rodba, díbaigid, do-díbda.

Indic. pres. 3 s. dobádi, Auraic. 5159 , LL 294a18 , etc. ni dibdaí , Cáin Ad. 39 . Fél. Apr. 9 . pl. dobáidet, PH 8393 . Laws iv 140 . Subj. pres. 3 s. nocor dibda , Laws iv 42.3 . Impf. 2 s. mani derbade , AFM 849 .

Pret. and perf. 3 s. do-s-rubaid, BB 354a35 . doroibaid, Rawl. 124b42 . doríbaig, Lec. 578a27 . tresa nderbaid , Imr. Brain i 23.10 . 3 pl. dibdatar, Rawl. 128a8 . Pass. subj. pres. mani díbdaither , Trip.² 450 . -robdait[h]er, Ériu xvii 70 § 13 . Fut. s. dobáidfither, RC xxvi 38 . pl. dibdabtair, 44 . Perf. s. conderbadad, Wb. 27a21 . dorróbdad, LU 7859 ( BDD 143 ). rodibdad, LL 270a47 . rodibad, Alex. 379 . níro díbdad , Fing. R. 473 . pl. rodibdait, LU 1622 . rodíbdáit, LL 51a41 .

Vn. díbdud.

I Trans.

(a) drowns, extinguishes: tein[e] nā dibda usce, ZCP xii 296 . mani díbdaither ré matain, ní baithfidther co bráth (of a fire), Trip.² 450 . conderbadad in sanguine, Wb. 27a21 . adainter in bruden co fá thrí ┐ dorróbdad anall co fá thrí, BDD 143 . locharn ind rig doradbad (leg. dorobdad?) .i. locharn . . . cia rodibdad, ACC 139 .

(b) Transf. and fig., quenches, destroys, exterminates: dobadi cach teidm ┐ cach neim, Ériu ii 118 . dobádi [fingal] a greit ┐ a athgabáil, ZCP xi 85 . do-bādet a fochraicce a folta the rent destroys (i.e. exceeds in value) the `objects' (i.e. grazing cattle, Thurn.), ZCP xv 324 § 16 , cf. xvi 220 . dā ní is mou dobáidet fochraicc . . . debtha ┐ cosnama, PH 8393 . dobáidfither cretem, RC xxvi 38 . dibdabtair flathi, 44 . dobádi sís . . . cach ríg acht rig nime, Auraic. 5159 . uaisli rīgaib rī grēne | dorībaig docum n-ūiri . . . dīne tōisig in dūine who has laid low in dust, Lec. 578a27 . bas Conmail . . . talg Tigernmais do-d-raebhaidh | i Cath Ard aenaig Macha, BB 37a19 (cf. Keat. ii p. 120 ). cirrsed bar cuirp cruadcloidme Fir Bolg robdarbaidhesdur `have overcome you (?)', Ériu viii 50 . rodib[d]ad sochaide, Alex. 379 .

II Intrans. is extinguished, dies out, becomes extinct (freq. in genealogies, etc. of families, cf. 2 díbaid): asa fuil nad dibdai whose blood does not perish, Fél. Apr. 9 . ni dibdai cáin Adomnáin the law of A. shall not become extinct, Cáin Ad. 39 . bidh si do cheall-sa cét ceall dibhghus (dibeortar, v.l.) a remthūs ard-cheall nErenn the first church to die out, BNnÉ 325 . dobáidet caithe lia ndibad fadesin `the trespasses are merged', Laws iv 140 Comm. nocor dibda in fine uile till the whole `fine' becomes extinct, 42 Comm. is cutruma ┐ do dibdaidis in fine, iii 56 Comm. dorodibdatar maic Augein uile, LL 311b48 . dibdatar a clanna, Rawl. 128a8 .

gáir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gáir or dil.ie/25196

Forms: ngáir, gáre, gár, gáir

n f. Orig. i, n.(?) IGT Decl. § 14.18 . n s. a ngáir (reading of 5 MSS, Fél. Oct. 20 . n p. na gáre , LU 2215 ( FA 29 ). g p. gár, Metr. Dinds. iv 262.64 . a shout, a cry (of exaltation, grief, etc.), a call : ba mor a ngair (: dāil) forsin maig, SR 3743 . `cissi gáir so, a gillai ?' or se. `Inna gillai oc guin na bo,', Ériu iii 141.8 . focherdat in macrad gair foa, LU 8849 ( FB 64 ). doberat gáir dó, ib. 8846 . tibit ... gáir commaidmi ocus búada, ib. 8853 . ro lasat gáir mesca, IT i 67.5 . re úathgráin na gáre, TBC-LL¹ 2443 . gáir míle, Fél. Dec. 6 . Trí gáire buada do rígh ... gāir ilaig ... gāir molta ... gāir im fleid, Ériu ix 46 § 9 . innithim immorro na nGréc gáir fói the intention of the Greeks was to shout at him, TTr.² 1189 . gair ri dogur, CRR § 38 . do-rat gáir tróm ┐ égium ... ass, PH 2112 . o gul ┐ o gair ban, TTebe 2155 . 3472 . gáir na mbadhbh, IGT Decl. ex. 1341 . truagh a ngáir i ndeaghaidh Dé, Dán Dé x 10 . gáirguil (s.l.) grednaigh, Cog. 96.3 . do bhiodhg mé le a méad do gháir `I was startled at the tumult,' TD 11.8 . atbertsat uli is-in aen gáir, PH 472 . Cf. ag a rádh d'aongháir, Keat. iii 1592 . gair .i. cara graece .i. gaudium, ar is fāilte fodera, O'Mulc. 627 . pl. at trúaga na gáre ocus na golgaire doníat, FA 29 . rothócbatar ... a n-gáiri guil, IT i 128.21 . gairi catha, CCath. 5908. 1953 . gairi coscair, TTebe 3470 . gairi duba ┐ domenman, 4535 . re gairib suba ┐ somenman, 3002 . tucsat ... gáire ┐ hilgaire mora écnecha, LB 143a32 . Later analogical pl. (?) : tugadur tri gartha bennacht don imper, ZCP vi 49.25 . dorōnsad gartha ... ┐ nualla, xiii 234.6 . Cidh uma tat na gairthe-sea ?, RC xliii 100 § 104 . Dun na nGairthi ... o gairthib lochta in longphuirt, Metr. Dinds. iii 434.41 . Psalms xx 1 . Of animals : ba bind gāir caille lonche, Corm. Y 48 . gair in cailigh cearc, Laws ii 108.18 Comm. ré gáir ghadhar, TD 34.24 . gáir na mbadhbh, IGT Decl. ex. 1341 . Of inanimate things : gāir pe[i]nd do dromaib duillend, O'Mulc. 815 = gair penn, ZCP ix 167.20 . gair na sciath oca n-imtuargain, Ir. MSS. Ser. i 182.19 . gair ... geranach na clocc, ZCP vi 284.25 . le garthaibh na clog, ib. 27 . g.¤ clocc often excommunication, malediction : in mac ... fora tucsam in gáir clog, FDG 300 . maircc fa ttabhraid mo cluig gair, BNnÉ 285.2 . eslainte legas gach nech | gáir mo clocc is mo chleirech, ib. 286.14 . gáir cheall is chlog na cruinne, Dánfhocail 11 . Also gáir alone the uplifted voice (i.e. excommunication, curse) : gair mo thermainn is mo mionn | acc cur anmann i nifrionn, BNnÉ 286.7 . Cf. Congal Claen | in gáir tucsumar nir ḟaem, MR 40.6 . Fig. of a person battle-cry, rallying point : Dūnadach ... gáir fer ndomain, Bruchst. i § 107 (= AFM an. 871 ). Colman Cluana gair gach tuir, AFM ii 612.z (an. 924 ).

Compds. ¤glór shouting voice : gáir-ghlór ┐ grod-luamhain na ngruagach, CRR 70.25 . ¤guba lamentation : gairguba ┐ golgairi, Aen. 528.

genti

Cite this: eDIL s.v. genti or dil.ie/25690

n (< Lat. gentes) i, m. pl. and see gent.

(a) In Glosses used in Jewish sense of Gentiles : geinti hiressich `faithful Gentiles,' Wb. 4c40 . am forcitlid geinte, 29d26 . de Iudéib do Barnaip, di geintib do Thit, 18d6 . etir Iudeo et genti, Ml. 35a19 . Wb. 19a10 . voc. a geinti hireschu, 3a13 .

(b) In older lit. in general heathens, pagans : ō dēibh no ainmnighdis geinti a llaithe, Corm. Y 419 = genti, LB. fes Temra cecha samna. ar bá híside caisc na ngente, LU 4211 . in conflicht rolasad na geinti and fri Pátraic, Laws i 2.12 Comm. genti bidbaid guilty pagans, Fél. Prol. 175 . g pl. na ngente, ib. 61 , 205 . do thochuiredh gentiu a n-iris, Hib. Min. 324 . na gente chennaigit ... delba hídal, PH 4583 . crand gíuis noadratís na gente, RC ii 394 § 25 . do gentib Gréc, Metr. Dinds. iv 152.75 . fri hindarbud plag ┐ genti ... dib, RC xii 422 § 3 . ar galar, ar geinntib, ZCP x 346 § 6 . faid guach in t-Issa ... ol na geinti, Marco P. § 8 . Isaiah lx 3.

(c) the heathen Norsemen (common in Annals) : amal dundgniat geinti dinaib brataib bertae hodie as do the heathens of the spoils that they carry off today, Ml. 63c18 . loscadh Rechrainne o geinntibh, AU i 274.z (an. 794) , Cath for Gennti, i 332.z (an. 833) . loscadh Mungairit ┐ alanaile cheall Irmumen o gentibh, i 336.1 (an. 834) . ticfait genti dar muir mall, Cog. 225.9 . Ériu vi 122 § 9 . gennti .i. cenél na pagán, ii 196.4 . coscradh Dunaidh L. ... la Geintibh, AFM i 440.10 . na bhflaitheas ní tharla dhí | plágha gorta náid geinnti, Content. v § 65 . dub-g.¤ (lit. black-haired heathens) Danes ; finn-g.¤ (lit. fair-haired heathens) Norwegians : tancadar Duibgenti da-narda ... ocus dabadar ic diucur na Findgenti a hErind, Cog. 18.18 . is díobh ghairthear Duibhgheinnte ... agus Finngheinnte, Keat. iii 2456 - 7 .

Íarmuma

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Íarmuma or dil.ie/27040

Forms: Iarmuma, Iarmhumha, nÍarmumuin, Iarmhumha, Iarmuman, Irmumen, Iarmumhan, Iarmhumhain

n n, f. n. Iarmuma, Ériu ii 50 § 6. Iarmhumha, AFM ii 1098.1 . a. i nÍarmumuin , Trip.² 2430. Iarmhumha, AFM ii 662.22 . g. Iarmuman, AU i 332.6 . Irmumen, 336.1 . Iarmumhan, AFM iv 1042.15 . d. don Iarmhumhain , i 238.15 .

West Munster: nocho dechoid dano tar Luachoir [siar] i nÍarmumuin, Trip.² 2430. I.¤ ō Lūachair sīar sell | cusin glenn thīar 'ca tā Drong, Ériu ii 50 § 6. loscadh Mungairit ┐ alanaile cheall Irmumen, AU i 336.1 . Mors Cobthaidh ... regis Iarmuman, 332.6 . crech la Congalach ... gur airg IarMumhan, CS 208.y . rí Caisil, ri Iarmhumhan, AFM ii 570.6 . ro creachadh Gaoidhil Desmumhan ┐ Iarmumhan lais, iv 1042.15 .

the men of West Munster: lóttar Dal cCais ┐ Iarmhumha ┐ Síol mBriain ... for creich i nDesmumhain, AFM ii 1098.1 .

imm-beir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imm-beir or dil.ie/27777

Forms: imrid, imbir, imbeir, 'mobeir, immamberat, imberr, imberar, immaberr, immabera, immdiroibre, imberthar, immer, conidnimbert, imdarubart, imbert

v Mid.Ir. imrid. lit. carries around.

Indic. pres. s. 2 imbir, Thes. ii 249.11 . s. 3 imbeir, LU 9109 (FB). rel. 'mobeir, SR 527. pl. 3 rel. immamberat, Ml. 111b17 . pass. s. imberr (sic leg.), 131a2 . imberar, Mon. Tall. 142.15 . rel. immaberr, Thes. ii 252 § 1 (Stowe M.). subj. pres. s. 3 immabera, Wb. 13a3 . With ro: immdiroibre, Laws v 442 y . pass. imberthar, LU 3241. fut. s. 1 ni immer , LU 10809. pret. s. 3 conidnimbert, Lib. Hymn. i 122.128 . perf. s. 3 imdarubart, LU 3245. Vn. imbert.

moves, sets in action: applied to various activities.

(a) carries around: dá gáe bolga immosbeir, LU 4568.

(b) puts, places; applies: imbir fo dí so sís `put this below twice,' Thes. ii 40.26 . imbir in da mér ... it bélaib, 249.11 . is mor cet mili mobeir | hi timchuaird a ḟosscemeil ... he places around his footstool, SR 527. nos-imbir ongain slanaide fair he applies healing ointment to him, Lat. Lives 96.11 . sénais in n-én lūamnech | conidnimbert inna lāim `and brought it into her hand,' Thes. ii 343.1 . ? Impers. const. batar imtholtanaig na mná imna heónu imdarubart fair `the birds that chanced to come there' (lit. ? `it had put them'), LU 3244 ( SCC 4 ).

(c) trans. and intrans. plays (a game), gambles, stakes: imbrid Medb ┐ Ailill fidchell, TBFr. 88. ni immer acht di giull, LU 10809. tucadh an fi[th]cill chucu ┐ do imridar hi, Ériu iii 162 § 17. imrobhrad nad escomhrad, Tec. Corm. p. 34 n. 8 . mairid in fit[h]cheall egair | d'imert[h]á 'san aird-lepaid, ML² 739. is gadaige in t-í immres, PH 7597. tabhair an taiplis don tigh | go faicmis amhail imrid, IGT Decl. ex. 607. Fig. toil Dé gin go ndearna mé | imreadh ar gcuid don chluiche, Aithd. D. 68 § 34. gach beart doirbh dhar hinnleadh air | soirbh do imreadh na haghaidh `he would meet it with serenity,' Arch. Hib. i 91 § xii . na dronga sin ... d'imir a bprionnsa ar chúntus airmdheoraidh, Ó Bruad. iii 114.2 . ní bhfuil aon ní agam a d'imeórainn acht mo chuid éadaigh, GJ iii 69.9 (Stair É. Uí Chléirigh). na dísleadha leur imredar na saighdeoireadha a eudach, Parrth. Anma 435.5 .

(d) uses, employs: bad fri cumtach necolso immabera `let it be for the edification of the church that he employs it' (of a gift or possession), Wb. 13a3 . huare as nolc imme-folngi do neuch forsanimberr `on whom it is used,' Ml. 142d1 . imberr fo dí amal sodain (of a word) `it is applied twice in that case,' Ml. 131a2 . ma doairli sale ind laim oc praind imberar usci leosom `if a spittle falls on a man's hand at meals their use is to pour water thereupon,' Mon. Tall. 142.15 . imbérat a mblichtach do feólaib hi [n]gaimred they will use their milch-cows for meat, LU 5614. a ndliges in flaith ... de biadh is ruidles do cia inaroibre (leg. ima-roibre, Bürgschaft p. 6 ) fadeisin in tan sin, ZCP xiii 20.4 . conaimeas na ro-dilse seo do cach recht imdabera `who may use them,' Laws v 490.12 . .i. ro beres iat, 492.z Comm. a seóid is a h-ilmaine | do iméradh gan fhuirech he would make use of her treasure and wealth without hesitation, Celt. Rev. iv 104.z . cid cīall ┐ erlabra imabera `if it is reason and eloquence he practises' (of an abstract quality), Ériu i 114 § 3. rí imreas ceart mar a neart, Content. vi 242.

(e) plies, handles, wields, uses; works in (of a metal) : is dian immamberat a cossa oc ind figi `they ply their feet swiftly in the weaving,' Ml. 111b17 . ro-immir a chorp co ndernai tri chét slechtain conid rala hi tasse, LL 282a15 . nech immaber biail i ndomnach `whosoever plies axe,' Ériu ii 206 § 27. slán don tí imres in tsuist, Laws iii 220.26 Comm. cerda .i. imrid in t-or, v 90.25 Comm.

(f) practises, exercises, inflicts, performs (folld. by noun obj. and usually by FOR (AR) of person affected, generally in an unfavourable way, by the action): imrubairt a chumachta foir, Corm. Y 446. ind altoir fiugor ind ingrimme immaberr `of the persecution which is inflicted,' Thes. ii 252.2 . imbirseo féin do gním gascid ... forsna sluagu, LU 6378. nobīad a chend de ... acht imrobrethsom a chumaing forsin slōg, TBC-I¹ 2942. nocon imberasam for Ultu a clessin doriisi, 652 . is dóig immērthai ceilg fon cruth sin, 1402 . cip é imress (v.l. imeoras) mela ... fort, TBC-LL¹ 46. ra immir in Findbennach Ái meirbflech a astair ... bar in Dond Cualngi, 6151 . mas é in fechem toicheda ro imer taitus forru `who practised theft on them,' Laws ii 6.10 . mad cen [fis] ina brathri immabera dichmairc `if he commit the theft without the brethren's [knowledge],' Ériu vii 148.7 . ro imbir fair dano cach ada aili ba dir do imbirt for tarb idparta, CCath. 959. ro himred fír n-indligid form, MacCongl. 25.1 . is for F. tra ro imriset na trí Colla in fingail, LL 332c13 . co n-imérat gairdi thsāegail fort `I shall shorten thy life,' Fianaig. 82.20 . in fer ro imir in cned, Laws i 228.14 Comm. fornaib coic cathrachuib fora n-immerar a mmuir teneth co brath `on which the sea of fire is inflicted for ever,' Ériu ii 140 § 142. ot concatar ... in n-anflathius do himred for Mumain, Cog. 58.13 . a mheas gurab mar smachtughadh imreas Dia na dochair sin air, TSh. 8204. na míorbhaile do imir Dia ar Pharao `had wrought against,' Keat. ii 261. óig ar ar himreadh mídhíach `warriors on whom misfortune has been inflicted,' Studies 1919, 256 § 5 . don tí ar a n-iméar m'aoir, DDána 95 § 20.

i.¤ láim for practises violence on: ni himmer mo laim ... | form' ḟuil nach form' ḟeoil fodein, SR 1541. Lugaid ... ┐ Ligerne ... ro imbriset láma for Art, LL 24a17 .

i.¤ feirg (etc.) for vents anger on: nad bad fornn nimbrae do borann, TBC-I¹ 3560. na himbeir luinni co lén | for muimmi mac n-Israhél, SR 6971. ro imir a ḟerg ar Lúaighni Temrach, Fianaig. 90.31 . imir do bharainn fair, BNnÉ 300 § 4.

i.¤ bás, (or aided) for puts to death: ba dóigh leis noimbertais bas ... fair, D IV 2, 73va15 . imbir bás form im' chintaib, Todd Lect. iii 62.11 . da cluined in t-iarla in t-uirigill-sin ... roimeorudh bás ort, ZCP vi 27.12 . an bás roimris-si for mo dhalta-sa, BS § 9 . go n-imeoraidís na hIodhail bás air, Keat. ii 3176. día ndernadh in gním rofhuapair ... no himbertha oighedh easanorach fair, ZCP iv 383.14 .

Used absol. in impers. const. without noun obj., uses violence on, inflicts punishment: ind lám des ... imo-robrad (? leg. imm-robrad, Ed.) for suidiu `as to the right hand a weapon had been used on it,' BDD² 1530. imrubairt ar mo shéitchi, PRIA xix 542 § 12 ( LL 146b25 ). mar iméorthar anocht oram `compared with what will be inflicted on me this night,' BNnÉ 66 § 101.

(g) Used intrans. with FOR, works on, affects prejudicially: ro imir a n-ítu forro sum `their thirst wrought on them,' CCath. 2504. cor imir in a[n]bthine for longaibh Cesair `the storm wrought damage to C.'s ships,' 179 . r[os]n-imbir cid iter in n-uathgrain cetna for graigibh `the same horror worked on,' 3126 .

(h) brings into play; causes: it é fodlai flatha doru[i]rmisem im[m]aberat fuillechtai flaithemnasa a somoínib set `these are the divisions of lordship we have enumerated which bring into play (lit. move) the divisions of nobility according to (the varying) revenues from their property,' Críth G. 490 (see p. 36 n. ). uch a ionnmais bhréccaigh baín | uch is plaígh ro-imres féin `ach, Plage hast du bewirkt,' ZCP x 416.2 . imbeiredh buaidh cen baegla `he used to effect victory without ambushes,' Leb. Gab.(i) 98.9 .

(i) Used reflexively, moves oneself about, throws oneself on (for): co n-da n-imbir do chride it chliab immar ubull i fabull `so dass sich dein Herz in deiner Brust herumbewegt,' TBC-LL¹ 4385. non imrend im rennaib na n-arm, 1284 . is andsin imidrubart forsin sluag `then he hurled himself upon the host,' Ériu v 240.148 . immusrubartatar forsna sluagaib coro thrascratar ilcheta díb, RC xiii 458.1 . notimber frisin maith-sin `excercise yourself on that good,' ZCP vi 265 § 17. do imir ... co míleata hé ... ar a mór-naimdib `he disported himself manfully on his great enemies,' Caithr. Thoirdh. 116.4 .

1 saíre

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 saíre or dil.ie/36041

n , f. (1 saer)

I

(a) freedom, liberty : is dessimrecht . . . sóire do chách ar sóireni, Wb. 14b11 . huant soiri gl. liberalitate (misread as libertate?), Ml. 81c10 . tuidecht asin doiri i soiri, 131c10 . do chumtúth a sóere gl. pro libertate, Sg. 31b8 . saire cen sáethar cen shním, LU 2469 . iar . . . comattrib na colla . . . cona sádaile ┐ cona sáire, 2078 ( FA 15 ). in t-shoire etaide o'n choimdid the freedom got from the Lord, PH 8041 . rat-fia lúach mór . . . | ra sáire do chlainne, TBC-LL¹ 3037 . ar sairi dia chlaind, Ériu iii 141.190 . ar shaoire ┐ snádhadh don chách do deachatar for a ionchaib, Hugh Roe 48.15 (13b) .

(b) nobility (of race, character, etc.): i sóiri ceneóil, Wb. 17c15 . fo bíth sóire ceneiuil inna [n]grec, Sg. 40a4 . ar sáire do chiníuil ┐ ar mét do chumachta, ZCP v 524.19 . roinnis a hsaoire ndóv told him he was noble, vii 305.4 . sóire (one of the fifteen tokens of a good woman), ZCP viii 113.19 . fo suire cacha feda `according to the rank of each tree', Laws iv 168.21 .i. fo uaislidetaidh gaca feadha, 170.10 Comm . `Beschaffenheit', ZCP xvi 210 . seoit saire, xiv 384.6 (see note p. 385 ). aiged . . . h-ui A. . . . co n-a saire, MR 114.17 . enghlas as lór sairi sin sufficiently noble, Irish Texts ii 69.9 . fios a seanchais ná a saoire nobility, DDána 72.30 . In chevilles: sét saeire, SG 148.14 . re saeri seing, BB 22b53 .

II

(a) legal privileges, immunity, etc., enjoyed by members of the free classes, churches, etc. (see 1 saer (b)). Transl. `freequarters', Laws ii 20 - 32 . lan saire caich dia aithuir, 20.13 .i. a lainbiatadh, ┐ a lanfoesum, ┐ a lan dam, ┐ a lethenechlunn, 19 Comm . leath saoire dia primmnai, 22.24 Comm . , cf. Stud. in E. Ir. Law 92 . saoire ` " saire" -privileges', Laws ii 18.15 Comm . , see n . munub imscar a cobra sairi `from desire of changing to "saer" -stock tenure', 206.23 . cach creanus a suiri dia dan, v 14.28 .i. cendaigis saeiri do dun dan bis aigi, 30 Comm . (free status?). dleagait mic leigind o sin alle saire . . . air ni fuil in legend cen saire, 102.7 .i. cen eniclann, 20 Comm . iss ī tra sōeri cach aitere dothēt frimtobach (sic) na cāna sae .i. nī téit cin fine forru céine folōsat aideri (`exemption'), Cáin Ad. 49 . sic clí eter filedaib: is balc a ṡūire inna crīchaib feisin, is sēimiu i crīchaib sechtair, Corm. Y 275 . nī dlig sāire nā eneclainn fhir gráid, Ériu i 218 § 2 . conid aire sin doratad s.¤ do chill R., LL 301a28 ( SG 372.22 , RC xiii 60.25 ). D. . . . do thabhairt a riara don eacclais .i. óghshaoire do Dhia ┐ do Chiarán co lá mbratha, AFM ii 846.6 . doberait na slúaig saeire don adnacul `leave the tomb intact', Marco P. 118 .

(b) more specifically exemption, period of exemption (cf. fáes(s)am, turbaid, etc.): iarnaib teorai [b] bliadnaib saire, Laws iv 176.5 . re re na saire, re re anta aicenta in seoit, i 98.19 Comm . saire dechmada `respite of ten days', Laws v 308.8 Comm . leath saire .i. leth foesum, ii 26.14, 16 Comm . , cf. Stud. in E. Ir. Law 43 . ni saire bidh na fognuma do rimhe sund `exemption of food or service', Laws v 306.24 Comm . nochun ar saire na hicta gl. saorraith it is not so called because of any exemption from payment, ii 194.19 Comm . Note also: iubaile aititen sairi `Erlassjahr wofür (Zins-) Freiheit zugestanden ist (?)', ZCP xv 240 § 3 . epscuip dano ┐ dúini sruithi doberad súiri figli is coir a denam airriu `when bishops and elders grant exemption from vigils it is right that this should be done for their sake', Mon. Tall. 132.34 . suiri ┐ dilmaine dóib . . . etir praind ┐ lanamnais `they are given exemption and licence both for meals and conjugal intercourse', 145.26 . suire dóib . . . o matin dia dardáoin co matin día aoine, 145.y .

III

(a) eccles. holy day, saint's day, church festival, holiday : gach lá saire er a fhuil cengul o'n eclais, PH 7372 . a saoire san foghmar, Mart. Don. xlvi 8 . i nInis Eoghain ata a cheall ┐ a shaoire, 296.12 . briseadh saoire, DDána 25a.6 . ruc sairi uasal orra `a high feast-day', BCC 54.12 . d'fagbail tsáire na bliadna `to find the Holy-days of the year', O'Gr. Cat. 294.6 .

(b) of specific days. Of Sunday: cinnid cāin domnaig . . . | saeiri do Chrīst comlān cain, Ériu iii 144 § 22 . is amlaid timarnad do nim sóire domnaig, ii 194 § 6 . forrochongart Día sóire Domnaig do choimét, 200 § 16 . ní chaith fhleidh d'éis na haoine | go mbeir saoire ar géis Gh. `the feast-day (Sunday)', Aithd. D. 11.7 . ruc saíri an domnaigh air, BCC 148.1 . Of the Jewish Sabbath: ón lá . . . d'éis na saóire, Levit. xxiii 15 . air an tsáoire lá na saboíde, Matthew xii 5 . Note also: ar deireadh saoire na cascc, AFM vi 2108.14 . lá saoire corp an Choimdheadh, Aithd. D. 94.1 .

sárugud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sárugud or dil.ie/36218

Forms: sárgud

u m. vn. of sáraigid. Somet. also sárgud (the usual form in early poetry).

I

(a) act of violating, outraging, flouting, disobeying : ni dhene sealbh sarugad violent seizure does not constitute possession (?), RC xliii 18.11 . brath ┐ saruigthi ┐ guin, Laws i 56.14 Comm . brúghadh, sārughudh, eigniughudh, dinge, linge, Eg. Gl. 56 .

(b) of persons: iss ed lóg [a] enech dia aír, dia díguin, dia esáin, dia shárug[ud] `dishonouring, iniuria ' (Gloss.), Críth G. 25 . díguin glossed sarugud, LU 1516 ( MU² 1014 ). i[s] s.¤ damsa trúag nó trén . . . do chuingid neich chuci `'tis an outrage to me if (anyone) . . . as aught of him', ZCP iii 216 § 30 ( LU 9710 ). do s.¤ Dé ┐ dáine `to outrage God and men', RC iv 250 § 16 ( LU 2379 ). is me targlaim na sluagu sair | lúag mo sharaigthe d'Ultaib in requital for my being insulted by the U., TBC-LL¹ 3223 = lūach mo sāraichthi, TBC-I¹ 2404 . is mor an dínsium ┐ in sárugud dos-bere foraind, PH 3912 . [i] n-éiric in grista truim .i. a saraigthe, Laws i 66.33 Comm . , glossing i ndigail a thromgreisi, 64.9 . dia leigi sarugad for a coinne `if he allow (his pledge) to be violated in his presence', v 170.2 Comm . is sarugud dun do dulasa i Mumain, RC xliii 20.2 . do indis . . . | a brāthir da tshārugudh that his brother had outraged him (Philip of Herod), Ériu iv 176 § 20 . beit . . . ag aithfer . . . for in Coimdhe gan a logad doibh . . . na saraigthi tucsat fair, RC xxviii 318 § 33 . do bhí Éabha . . . | ar tí shéana a sháraichthe about to deny that she had disobeyed him, DDána 5.24 . do shárughadh a n-aghaidh ar nDé lé pósadh ban coimhightheach, Nehemiah xiii 27 . With imm: Fergus do marbad Thraigthreóin . . . ┐ a brathar ┐ sargud Conchobair impu flouted C. concerning them, LL 261a9 = sarugud, IT i 76 § 16 . cen a sharugad imon mbec mbíd fil aici, FDG 127 ( MR 18.8 ). a brathair . . . do sharucchadh imon mbloidh mbicc tire i mboí, AFM vi 2260.z .

(c) in phr. tar s.¤ in spite of, in defiance of, against the wishes of: tar a saraghadh fein no a tuistin no a fine in spite of herself or her child or her tribe, Laws i 180.17 Comm . gl. toirched tar apud, 176.1 . dar fricur fine .i. dar sarugud fine, O'Dav. 911 . tuargaib Balam a guth ṅgluair | dara sargud in morslúaig, SR 4806 . dar sarugud a thusnigthe = invitis parentibus, Lat. Lives 87.5 . an macamh . . . do marbad tar sarugud . . . Airt (under whose protection he was), Ériu iii 160 § 13 . is dar sarugud Dé ┐ Patraic . . . da cech duine erfas a cheli . . . im sét, RC xii 432 § 31 . toirimt[h]echt domnaigh Dē dēin | . . . | is tar sārugud (leg. sārgud) in Choimdegh, Ériu iii 143 § 2 . in fer dobera gell tar sarugad `in despite', Laws v 180.14 Comm . tar sarugud Dé in violation of God's command, PH 8402 . comairce mís ┐ raithi ┐ bliadne aice sein . . . da gach duine dar sarugud bhfer nEirenn (of S. Finnchua), Lism. L. 2997 . Eochaid . . . do dallad . . . tar sárugudh na cleíreach, RC xviii 268.23 . M. . . . do ghabháil lá Gallaibh . . . tor sarúchcadh trí n-epscop `in violation of the guarantee of three bishops', AFM iii 160.2 .

Cf. do chaill sinn ar sáruighthe `bets (?)' (notes) (of a game of fidchell), LBranach 6777 .

(d) of a woman: in inuclund dlighus in oig ina sarugha[d], Laws i 132.18 Comm . dian tsarugh[ud] `forcible violation', iv 228.z . ro mídair . . . a sárgud (: thálgud) `to ravish her', Metr. Dinds. iv 24.16 . rob olc lé sárgud a sethar, LL 296a5 ( SG 361.y ). ni fhuair a slad na a saruccadh do dhenamh (of a woman travelling alone), Cog. 138.14 . do dighail a mna ┐ a saraighthe forro, RC xviii 193.7 . Fig.: éagnaighthe re Dia a dochar | mar tá sí ar n-a sárochadh (of Éire), A. Ó Dálaigh liii 11 .

(e) of commands, ordinances, etc.: cech smacht . . . ┐ cech recht no ortaigtheá ó feraib Herend . . . ní laimthea a sarugud, LU 4214 . mallachad luchta sáraigthe na n-aithned who transgress, PH 7305 . d'éis sháraighthe a aithne uainn, Aithd. D. 63.3 . aitheanta Dé do shárughadh, Donlevy 100.22 . na trí sáruighthe do ghníodhmaoid ar na trí reachtaibh, Eochairsg. 83.14 . ofráil sháruighthe `trespass-offering', Levit. vi 17 . lucht an tsáruighthe `the transgressors', Proverbs ii 22 .

(f) of sacred places, churches, etc. (cf. AFM v 1446 - 7 note): sarughadh domnaigh Phatraicc `profanation', AU i 206.y . iar sarugad termainn Tamlachtai Maeleruain d'uu Neill, 298.6 . Inis Cathaigh do sarughudh do Brían mac C. for Gallaib Luimnigh, RC xvii 339.21 . sárucchad a cheall , BNnÉ 261.6 . Note also: tiagait . . . do sharugud in tigi `to break the house', BDD 6 ( BDD² 87 ). bachall Issa do sarugud, RC xvii 367.27 . mo daig-ḟer . . . | ni laimed slúag a shargud (: brá-dub) `no host dared affront it' (a spear), Metr. Dinds. iv 334.72 .

(g) act of ravaging, laying waste; rapine : ? robōi cuit do maccaib C. ocont sharugud (of a battle), Mór M. 8 . gach gaid ┐ gach slad ┐ gach sarugud dognithi isin cathair, CCath. 54 . ? in neach nar bhreathnuigh cur sharachadh do bheith cudtruma re Dia = non rapinam arbitratus est esse se equalem Deo, ITS xxix 166.7 (46.28) . slad ┐ sárucchadh an tíre, AFM vi 2106.22 . da slad ┐ da sarughud (a country), Stair Erc. 1391 . in fairge aga sarachadh (the disciples) = invadere (Gloss.), Smaointe B. Chr. 2221 .

II

(a) overcoming, getting the better of: ba sárgad sáir-thrin . . . | bán-mac Máinchin `an over-match for a powerful third', Metr. Dinds. iii 464.3 . ni thallai do dainib im fer diib lin a sharaighthe ar nert `enough . . . to overpower him by force', Ériu ii 130.z . caislén I C. . . . do ghabáil lé hIarla Ch. . . . iarna shárugad fo a athair after it had prevailed (= held out) against his father, ALC ii 224.25 = iar ffeimdhedh a ghabhála dia athair, AFM v 1336.17 . bean sháruighthe [doirre Dé] (Mary), PBocht 9.5 . agá sárughadh ré hiodhbairt luach-mhóir an aifrinn do thréigean constraining them, TSh. 6050 .

(b) exceeding, excelling : ot chondcatar Laegaire cona druidib do sarughadh tria firta . . . i fiadnaisi fer n-Erend (i.e. by Patrick), Laws i 14.19 . toil ar n-aithreach | . . . | nach peacadh sinn dá sárachadh `to outdo our Fathers' fervour', Aithd. D. 89.28 . iarna sharugudh di i ngach egna for she had excelled him in every kind of wisdom, ZCP vi 24.11 . ní raibhe sáor a sáraighthe (Gobán), BNnÉ 233 § 148 . go bhfóirfidh sé mar leabhrán urnaighthe do'n mhuintir ag nach bhfuil a shárughadh who have nothing better, Donlevy iv 25 . dhá shárughadh a mbochtacht, Desid. 1334 . fithche bliadhain do shárughadh to be over twenty years of age, Donlevy xix 3 .

1 sen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 sen or dil.ie/37090
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: sean

adj o, ā old, ancient, long-standing : is airei caruim fer sean, ZCP xiii 266 § 12 . aidche samna co sós s.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 280.61 . do thuitsiod saoithe seana, ML² 1975 . rachat gidh am s.¤ , Irish Texts iv 86.52 . cid sean, ZCP viii 113.33 . a dhá chaomthach re feadh bfaghla | cáolshruth sean is adhbha fhúar, Studies 1919, 75.21 . crich Erne na n-iubar s.¤ , Irish Texts ii 54.36 . tulach géiggeal na ngort sean, TD 4.17 . iath . . . na gclár sean, Content. xxv 3 . long (of life): do gheubha sí saoghal s.¤ , L. Cl. A. B. 213.67 . dia ndénae-su a n-uile-se, ainfe co mba s.¤ `thou shalt live to be old', Ériu iii 108 § 54 . Maelsechlainn slemna rop s.¤ | for trebchlaind Temra is Talten, LL 133a45 . rop s.¤ in flaith . . . | tairnec i nAiliuch oebind `long live the chieftain', Metr. Dinds. iv 68.157 . Of a weapon in long use, proven: Sil cColla na ccolg s.¤ , TD 8.41 . A. na narm s.¤ , Rel. Celt. ii 224.18 .

Compar. is siniu in fer . . . quam mulier , Wb. 28b16 . ce méit asinu aís quam abracham `how much older in age he was', 34a5 . intí asiniu .i. isáu, 4c14 . úair ba siniu oldás C., LU 9080 ( FB 83 ). airmitiu d'Adam . . . | ar im siniu, ni thibér, SR 842 . siniu sencuimne co buiresc in betha, O'Dav. 308 . ní sine . . . a chach he, PH 1970 . robo sine arai n-aisi, CCath. 931 . an chuid is sine ┐ is óige don fhéar, TSh. 2645 .

Superl. cethrur gelda . . . | . . . | sinium saegul os cach maig | batar 'sind aimsir toisig, SR 2251 . mású ar aís m'athar as sinem and Éndae Cromm, Trip.² 1485 . issē ba sinem dīb, BColm. 8.1 . sioneim fedha iobair, Auraic. 4300 .

As subst. o, n. and (of persons) m. sean m., IGT Decl. § 65 . that which is old: tucad s.¤ cacha lenna duind ┐ nua gacha bíd, Acall. 5061 . do-súa in fer go colba Crúachna | s.¤ corma is núa lúachra leis, IGT Decl. ex. 685 . Most frequently of an old person : s.¤ gl. senex, Sg. 49b6 . is alind s.¤ sobrich, Wb. 31b35 . ni théid óc ann ré sén (siun, v.l.), TE 48.26 . bat cumnech coisc ót senaib, LU 3491 ( SCC 26 ). ní aisnébet sin ná seanchaid dul damsa ónd orguin, BDD² 720 . airdri domain . . . as giliu grianuibh as noibiu cach s.¤ , Ériu ii 98.5 (cf. is sanct cach s.¤ , Éigse ii 184 § 1 ). a ḟir fadlas sós na s.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 270.1 . mar samlait sin, 274.55 . atchuala ra senaib sund | ferr molad na cech mod, LL 306b24 . comcuimne da tsean .i. in da eolach, .i. cinnus do bearar in cuimne ón tsin don tsin eile, Laws i 36.15 Comm . isedh innisit na sin, 154.22 Comm . sin ┐ sacairt ┐ oirchindig in popuil, PH 2956 . fáid cach s.¤ | sean cach ecnaid, ACL iii 228.81 . dligidh sean sogaire, RC xlv 34.21 . marbhuit a sin ┐ doniat gialla da n-ócaib, Marco P. 10 . an súntach bar sin nō in urlam bar n-óig doc[h]um in c[h]atha, ML² 1487 . an sean ní fhidir ná an t-óg | ceadh as fhód idir don éag, Studies 1933, 140 § 15 . feirrde dhuit nach sibh an sean, | cuid an tsin ag an tsóiser, L. Cl. A. B. 60.27 . doiligh oighidh gach ḟir óig | na sin d'oighidh ní hurchóid, IGT Decl. ex. 1490 . co na roibi d'óg na do shin andsin, TTebe 1137 . In phr. eter ṡen(u) ┐ óc(u) both old and young, all: itir ṡenu ┐ ócu, Tec. Corm. § 29.3 . eter shean ┐ ócc, PH 4292 . eter ócc ┐ shen, Irish Texts iv 86.50 . offrála . . . | . . . | dlighitt eter s.¤ is ócc | d'fior ionaid miadhach Maodhócc, BNnÉ 258 § 218 .

an ancestor : ba handsin dorala chuice Lóchine Lond s.¤ Hua Lonáin, RC xiii 60 § 55 . Cairthenn macc Blait s.¤ clainne Tairrdealbhuigh, Lism. L. 497 . Lōegaire Lorc, s.¤ Laigen ┐ Osraigi, ZCP viii 292.4 . Eochaid tirmcharna s.¤ síl Muiredaig, SG ii 471.6 . is eisen s.¤ Fher mBolg, RC xvi 80 § 128 . cró a shean mur Eunna Aighneach | do-bhéra asteagh go tuillmheach, L. Cl. A. B. 72.21 . crann corcra slánuighthe ar sean, DDána 54.25 . a bhfuarais d'ulc ag troid fá iath do shean, Hackett xiv 5 . tír a sean d'ḟagháil ón ḟior, TD 13.22 . go leanfadaois sompladha a sean ┐ a sinnsear, TSh. 5335 .

Of time antiquity; old age: is hó siun co nuie dam far sercc, Wb. 4b29 . dobi se co s.¤ `it endured to old age', Metr. Dinds. iii 356.15 .

Compds. (sometimes merely intensive or for alliteration).

(a) with nouns: ¤áes: seníum .i. senáis, Ir. Gl. 735 . ¤argat old money : s. fil agot . . . Cidh doghni s. de? I n-aimsir Deic . . . dorignedh, Fél. 184.7 . ¤ben an old woman : sein-bhean na ríogh, Ráth Cruachan, DDána 92.19 . ¤breth an old judgement, a precedent : cia ro bai i sein breithaib, Laws iv 98.13 Comm . ¤chell senior church (?) Stud. Hib. xxxiv 48-50 : Senella Cella Dumiche 'Senchell Dumiche', The Patrician Texts in the Book of Armagh 140 § 23 . dochóid Pátraic do Thopur Mucno ┐ ró insaig (ró insuidig, v.l.) Senchill = fecit Cell[am Se]nes, Trip. 1249 . o cleirc[h]ibh na sein-cheall , Rule of Tallaght 20 (Teagasg Maoil Ruain) . ¤chenél old, original people : cethir chenel (.i. sencinela) fichet batar isin tir, ACL iii 22.26 . ¤chin an old-standing offence : s., uair damad nua cin ro ba sechtmaidh, Laws i 200.9 . an dream dá leanann sal na sein-chion, TSh. 5247 . ¤chomairbert: inna senchomerbertae biuth pecthaige `of the sinful old way of life', Ml. 65d4 . ¤chomrorcon an old error : roásaiset drissi inna senchomrorcan tar sodin, 2a6 . ¤chríonacht prudence : ag saothrughadh na saidhbhreas tré shein-chríonnacht shaoghalta, TSh. 9474 . ¤chrith: mo lám ar sionachrith, othar me faon-lag `tremulous as with eld', O'Rah. xiv 58 . ¤fhairrge: ag siubhal na senḟairge, Ériu v 184.392 . ag silledh na senfhairrgi, Stair Erc. 1405 . ¤fher an old man : epscoip Cille Tidil | na sinḟir co sárgrind, Gorm. Nov. 1 . ¤fhala an old grievance : a sean fholta ┐ a nua fholta, AFM iv 1176.6 . ferr senfīacha senfala `better old debts than old grudges', RC xlv 21.11 . ¤gabair old (i.e. proven) horse: gabtar ar sengabra latt ┐ indliter ar sencharpait, CRR 15 . ¤gaill old English (i.e. Anglo-Normans): ar neach do shliocht Gaoidhil Ghlais | . . . | ná ar Sheanghallaibh fóid na bhFionn, Studies 1919, 440 § 11 . ¤goídelg: ealg ainm do mhuic isin tṡen-gáidhilg, Cóir Anm. 243 . cua ainm na claine isin t-sengaidilc, TBC-LL¹ p. 495 n. 1 . ¤gom old vexation : coro bhethaidhsiot beóghrís a sengomh, AFM vi 2054.2 . ro chuimhnigh cách díobh a seangoimh ┐ a nua-fhola dia roile, AFM iv 1204.20 . ¤laech a veteran : a senlaíach, BDD² 1517 . na senóraig ┐ na senlaich, CRR 15 . ní mó iná trian a scél innisit na senlaeich út, Acall. 298 . ¤lebar an ancient book, Scripture : sen lebár sin, Laws i 240.13 Comm . i n-ar sennlebraib, LB 137b16 . litir in sen libair, más inann ní fogabar ann ┐ isin maclebar the original MS. (as opposed to the copy), O'D. 1581 ( H 5.15, p. 7a ). do fhéagh sinn i seinleabhraibh, Aithd. D. 44.17 . an gcluin sionn an seinleabhar `do I pay heed to Scripture?', PBocht 19.18 . ¤les old or ordinary fort of residence: dul ó faithchi in senlis for airgi, Laws i 132.13 Comm . ¤muinter original people : Senach . . . do ṡenmhuinntir Find meic Chumaill, Acall. 969 . ¤pheccad old, inverterate sin : an dream bhíos dall ó shein-pheacadh na leisge, TSh. 9359 . a thaiscid sen-pheccaid (of the body), PH 8226 . ¤rád a proverb : seanráite Sholaimh `the book of Proverbs', Proverbs i 1 . ¤ridire an experienced knight : gur ferr na senridirdha isin cath naid na ridirdha oga, Fier. 10 . Sir Uuilliem Stanlui, s. saigdiūirthe Saxanach, Fl. Earls 52. z . ¤rúa an old person : mac Senbath s., LU 1253 . Cámha gan mac is gan húa | dorála conadh s., Acall. 46 . s.¤ṡaille matured bacon MacCongl.² 192 ; old hard-cure Peritia xv 320 n. 54 : for thócht sen-s[h]aille, MacCongl.² 100 . ¤scél ancient legend : ni maith senóir gan seinsceoil, Acall. 1385 . nach doilig sin ge senscel, Irish Texts ii 28.25 . ¤scélaige reciter of old tales : Suanach . . . senscélaidi Find, Acall. 5297 . ¤scríbend original document : senscriband deóda, Bürgschaft 21 § 62 . amal frith i seinscribheannuibh na petarlaici, Lism. L. 3672 . ¤ṡlicht an old family : do bhí sí ag seinṡliocht Cholla, TD 24.38 . do ug a huan síoth dá seinshliocht, PBocht 4.19 . ¤ṡruith: oc comrac fri senṡruthe, LU 1292 . na sen sruithe ro-batar rompa-som, PH 256 . ¤tintúd early translation : lasna sen-tintuda (recte -tintudu, Edd.), Ml. 107a3 .

(b) with adjj.: ¤brisc. As subst.: senbriscai salcai móra impi `old faded things upon her', Cóir Anm. 70 ( IT iii 320.1 ). ¤buide yellow from age : a c[h]naim senbuidi (of an old tooth), Trip.² 1625 . ¤ché: buidhne an bheatha ṡeinché, DDána 46.43 . ¤chiathaidi?: rabenastar a seicheda sen-tascidi s. dí, TTr. 966 ( LL 230a38 ). ¤fhoclach proverbial : in snáithi . . senfoclach ro fagbadar na hugdair a slechtaib a senbhriathra, MR 158.10 . ¤fhaltanach: so mar nid na trí naimhde sean-fhaltanacha-so `the three inverterate enemies', Donlevy xx 1 . ¤garb: susta senta sengarbha, Lism. L. 3653 . re táebh gacha seiche sengairbhi, Comp. CC 98.10 . ¤lethan: dá shleig shéta shenlethna, SG 260.16 . ¤óc ever young, or perh., both old and young (dvandva compd.): s. (epithet of the Deity), ZCP iv 243.32 . ¤ṡaeglach: a ṡeanṡaoghlach áith ḟionnḟuar `seasoned' (of a weapon), TD 33.10 . ¤tascide: rabenastar a seicheda sentascidi senchiathaidi dí, TTr. 966 `old-hoarded, long since laid by,' ibid. Gl.

For other compds. with sen see separate articles.

2 slat

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 slat or dil.ie/37853
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: slad, sloid, sloide, slat

n ā, f. and o, m. slad m. g s. sloid, IGT Decl. § 73 . g s. sloide `lochdach', ex. 1562 . See O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 170 . act of robbing, plundering; robbery, plunder: sund robái ic brait, ic borb-gail | ic slait is ic sír-orgain, Metr. Dinds. iii 276.8 . lín a slúaig sláin fri sár slait | ba mór in dál tinolsat, SR 6631 (leg. slat g p.?). batar . . . [dá] latrainn isin crich oc slait chaich, Lism. L. 1971 . rop inadh slaitti ┐ braiti ┐ sáraigthi, Moling 33 . marb . . . sochaide . . . iarna slait ma n-uile biad, Anecd. iii 67.19 . s.¤ Duin lethglaisi du genntib, AU i 320.10 . iar slaitt iffirn do um Adam, PH 3815 . o ro chualatar a siair do breith a slaid, BB 425a24 . Mac Gilla E. . . . do sh.¤ altara tempoill moir Dhaire Coluim cille, AU ii 226.4 . i ndiaidh Meic S.¤ ┐ na longsi doronne an s.¤-sin, Ann. Conn. 1258.7 . dorindi sé breid sínti saraighthi don Afraicc uli, da slad ┐ da sarughud, Stair Erc. 1390 . atáid ar muinntearas Muire | mná an domhain - doilghide a slad 'the women of the world are related to Mary - it is all the more grievous to violate them', Giolla Brighde 246 § 42 . slad, brad, gargad ar dhuine | gáir cheall is chlog na cruinne, Dánfhocail 11 . In sense of booty : oc breith do ṡlait ┐ do chrech i fúatach úait, TBC-LL¹ 10 .

Compds. ¤chrúaid active in plundering : in torchair Sirge slatcruaidh, BB 44b30 . ¤réid ready for plunder : tinscanad slogad s., LL 19b3 .

sochar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sochar or dil.ie/38232

Forms: sochair, sochair, sochra

n o, m. (2 so+1 cor) later also n s. sochair, RC xxix 136.12 . a d s. sochair, Irish Texts iv 79 § 49 . g s. sochra, ZCP vi 270 § 2 .

(a) Legal a good or valid contract (an important legal term, see Thurn., Féil. Mhic Néill p. 158 ): cis lir chuir dochuinsin? a do; s.¤ ┐ docor. cis lir in socor? . . . a tri: cor itir da lan, itir da saer, itir da sochond nad fuasnaither (leg.- aiter) cuir `how many things is the good contract? . . . Three. It is a contract between (i.e. concerning) two full (i.e. not defective) objects, between two free persons, between two sensible persons whose contracts are not disturbed', loc. cit. (= Laws iii 4 ). fuidre flatha, daermanaig eclaise . . . ni astaither saithiud na docur na sochur foraib cen a fir codnachu oc forngaire a cor, Laws iii 10.19 . imfuich mac gor cach ndochur im a athair, ni [i]mfuich cach sochur, 56.21 . fofuaslaice flaith ┐ fine ┐ eaclas cach s.¤ ┐ cach n[d]ochar focerdtar (sic leg.) for a meamra, iv 54.4 . cach cunnrad cen dichell, soc[h]ur soc[h]ubus iarna coir coitechta, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 19.8 (= Laws ii 358.z ). ar fo-fuasluice cechtar da lina dochur araili; ni fuaslaici a sochuru, 27.4 (= Laws ii 362.7 ). taithmech di nadmaim socoraib dichoraib, ZCP xii 362.10 .

(b) privileges, rights, dues, revenues (of a chief, etc.): s.¤ maiseach mór Chaisil `the goodly income of great Caiseal', Leb. Cert. 68.1 ( BB 271a10 ). sochur Arda Brecan ó rig Erend . . . conid soer . . . ind eclas cona crích the dues from Ard B. (were remitted) by the king of Ireland so that the church and its territory is free (from impost), Misc. Arch. Soc. 142.1 . incipit do dúanaib sochair clainni Ceallaig here begin the poems on the privileges of the O'Kellys, ZCP viii 225.26 . ag so cuid eile dona sochraibh fuaradar coimhéirghe rempa ar fheroibh Éirionn i n-aonach . . . trian édála i gcuantoibh long dhoibh, L. Cl. A. B. 50.25 . do fuair Maghnus . . . gach s.¤ ón mbeag go mór, Maguires of F. 97 . Mac Diarmada . . . colamhan cosanta cirt ┐ córa clainni Mhaolruanaidh do reir a sochair ┐ a senleabar, ALC ii 398.18 . Iarla Deasmumhan . . . do thairbert don Presidens . . . ar sh.¤ dúthaighe do fein, AFM vi 2170.z . gé thug d'Ó Chonchobhair ceannas | tar ceann sochair `though (the younger) yielded the kingly power to Ó C. in return for advantages', Aithd. D. 31.5 . lebar sochair book of profits, dues, rent-roll : leabhar sochair flatha o bhFiachrach, Hy Fiach. 92.y . Of the emoluments of a poet: manip samlaid sainighiss | a sochru ni dligh, ZCP iv 238.11 . Of profits, emoluments in general: a sh.¤ éisg ┐ inbhir ┐ coiceid cum omnibus supradictis emolumentis Piscariorum, Hy Fiach. 459.7 . gumadh eigen s.¤ an c[h]uain do roind a ndó . . . etir fhín ┐ édach, ML² 1020 . níor fhágaibh ag Niúl . . . acht s.¤ na healadhan, Keat. ii 170 . Of the profitable thing itself, goods, etc.: gach feur ┐ gach geamhar ┐ gach s.¤ eile dá raibh air (i.e. on the land), Eochairsg. 102.36 . ticc mōrān do sh.¤ na cathrach ┐ an tire ar in ruibēr sin `supplies', Fl. Earls 96.7 .

(c) profit, advantage, benefit (in abstract sense): ní huatha[ib] tṡailim s.¤ `not from them do I expect profit', Fél. 44.21 . ní rubatar riam firu ara ndochur ┐ ní ros-anachtatar riam ara sochur, BDD² 696 . dogníu dochur gach tríuin, dogníu sochur cech lobair, Comp. CC 8.4 . talsat a céill di ṡáire ┐ di ṡochor `they lost all hope of freedom and prosperity', LL 226a47 ( TTr. 676 ). táit ass dia tir ar cind sídha ┐ sochair `for peace and comfort', RC xvii 342.1 (Tig.). robe sin in Samson . . . im s.¤ ┐ im sairi a atarda . . . re ré fen, Cog. 186.31 . is leis gach máthair sochair a hinghine, RC xxix 136.12 . do fhiafraigh . . . de cá s.¤ do bhiadh dó féin braighde d'fhághail dó-san ó Dhál gCais, Ériu i 92 § 44 . adubhradar . . . riú nachar sh.¤ dóibh féin teacht . . . dá bhfurtacht ní budh mhó, Keat. ii 6084 . gan é n-a sh.¤ dá shíol | crochadh an ríogh is sé slán, DDána 3.24 . dá sh.¤ do gheibhthear as an Aifrionn, Eochairsg. 51.5 . As quasi-vn. comarba Patraic do dhul co tech righ Saxan do sochur ceall Erenn, AU ii 248.3 (= do chuinghidh sochair cheall . . . Erenn, AFM iii 148.12 ; do tsochrad ceall Erenn, ALC i 236.7 ). Attrib. gs. beneficial, advantageous, profitable : an gnim sochair sin, Acall. 1768 . d'ar síl bá séd sochair seo, KMMisc. 320.2 . do-nith . . . nethe sochair ar ar son-ne utilia, Smaointe B. Chr. 4121 . tres gein sochuir hErenn, Fianaig. 86.13 . a chend sochair slúaig Ulad, MU² 58 . Brian mac Cenneidig . . . fer sochair soim, ZCP viii 120.2 . téid i s.¤ do profits : iomlaoid . . . dochuaidh a s.¤ dhamhsa `an exchange which has turned out profitable to me', Studies 1918, 616 § 1 . a bheith i ndún Dé athar | dúnn go rachadh sé i s.¤ , PBocht 12.31 . ní h-ionann s.¤ ina dtéid an t-Aifrionn do gach aon duine, Eochairsg. 51.12 . gach ní dá gcuirfeam san trácht so do dhul . . . i s.¤ ┐ i soileas dona Críostaighthibh, TSh. 36 .

sochrad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sochrad or dil.ie/38255

vn. formation from sochar. act of securing advantage, profit for: comarba Patraic do dhul co tech ri Saxan do ths.¤ cheall Erenn ┐ do chossaoid ar Ghalloib, ALC i 236.7 (= do ṡochur ceall Erenn, AU ii 248.3 ).