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adguide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adguide or dil.ie/468

 

adj (guide?) laudatory adj. of uncertain meaning (desirable?): ar is mo chéle cáem / . . . coibledar céim n-ard n-a.¤ , LU 8308 ( FB 23 ). a tír n-alaind n-a.¤ (: buidhe), AU i 438.21 . buaid nard nAlmaine ni chél / a.¤ bél do cach dúil most desirable to every element was the decree, LL 6115 = buaidh ard Almuine ni fan / adguidi dal do gach duil, RC xvii 230.15 (Tig.). adgudi .i. adasgudi, O'Mulc. 18 .

ad-len

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-len or dil.ie/484
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: aithle

v adheres to, follows ( Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 565 ): Indic. pres. 3 s. imdích dliged a chéle cintaib cuir cáin, cairddi[u] co neoch atallen `and whatever follows (or results) therefrom(?)', Críth G. 340 and note p. 33 . ar adlen duine recht neimthis naimdine fri fine, O'Curry 379 (H 3.18, p. 214b). indic. pres. pl. 3? hit é(i)-side nad álet fini 'it is these that do not adhere to (?) the family ' (of rescindable contracts) Coibnes 66 § 5 . Or perh. read -éllet < as-len. Subj. pres. 3 s. dia mbí (sic) aír no lesainm adlia which sticks to him, O'D. 976 (H 3.17, col. 679a). Fut. 3 s. adlile la tarrachtain tuinidh, O'Curry 2287 (Eg. 88, 21b), O'D. 622 (H 3.17, 463-4). Vn. aithle.

aided

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aided or dil.ie/866

 

Forms: aidid, aeded, aidid, aitti, aidhidh, aidedaib, oighidh, oighidha, oighedh, oighidh, aiged, oided, oiged, oide

n f. a s. aidid, Trip.² 2658 . aeded, 2301 . aidid, LU 4379 , 8263 ; SR 3407 . g s. ? aitti, ZCP xii 238 § 65 . aideda, Laws i 68.17 Comm. d s. aidhidh (: ailicch), Gael. 50 , 126 ( Blathm. 247 ). n p. aideda, IT iii 16 § 38 . aitte, Metr. Dinds. iii 20.265 . oitte, LL 189b54 . d p. aidedaib, LL 14065 . oighidh f. (g s. and n p. oighidha), IGT Decl. § 149 . oighedh m. (g s. and n p. oighidh), § 11 . Also spelt aiged, oided, oiged and later oide. Perh. vn. of ad-etha, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 514 (but see Marstrander, Lochlann ii 206 ). See also Vendr. Lex.

(a) violent death: lodar in dā tharb tar Bricrind . . . combo marb de: is i aigid Bricrinn sin, TBC-I¹ 3656 . a.¤ Con na Cerda inso la Coinculaind, TBC-LL¹ 954 . a.¤ Muirchertaig na mod / guin is bādud is loscod, Rawl. 163a14 . conid i adhaigh iarla Hamtuir sin, ZCP vi 275.25 . acsin a n-oidid éicin / chloinde crōda Cennēidig, viii 120 § 8 . ba hecsamla a n-aideda, TTebe 3546 . tug aithne ar oighidh Ailella Find, Celt. Rev. iv 108.15 . d'éis a oidheadha, Dán Dé xx 32 . do scelaibh Ceassra et a muintire, et dia noidheadaibh, Leb. Gab.(i) 16.2 . go madh oigheadh gach áladh `mortal', ML 120.31 . cen mna d'écaib de banaidid so that no woman dies in childbirth, LL 2524 . Freq. with bás, écc: airdena báis ┐ éca ┐ aideda, TBC-LL¹ 1237 . bás ┐ a.¤ ┐ airlech, 429 . ag furnaidhe a écca ┐ a oidhedha BNnÉ 265 § 228 . gur bho maisi lais a écc ┐ a oittheadh, AFM v 1612.20 .

Of the slaughter of animals (as oppd. to death by disease): aidhid frisi (sic leg.) nalar, Laws ii 238.13 = ZCP xiv 347 § 8 . cidh be aighaigh . . . beirus iat, ii 170.17 Comm. cid be aduigh . . . rucustur é cinmotha galur bunuid, 314.38 Comm. Of loss or destruction of inanimate(?) things: rofitir . . . comad conuir do aidhe[d] (dia n-aidhedh, do dith v.l.) na haithne `a path to the loss of the deposit', Laws v 160.8 Comm.

In various phrases. fo-gaib (do-gaib) a.¤ dies a violent death: fuair Cormac aidid hi Tig Cletig, LU 4379 . sochaide 'sa hoidid ūair / ō chloidem chrūaid choimeltach, Bruchst. i 19 § 39 ( IT iii 12 § 18 ). in aidhed do fuair sin letsa bid sí sin aidhed do gébasa, SG 73.y . dogebad sib bas ┐ a.¤ lim-sa, CRR § 46 . do brígh in oighid do fúair, IGT Decl. ex. 365 . do-beir a.¤ for: issi in aiged rob ail dosum tucad air, Laws iii 484.14 Comm. gurub í oidhid doradad fair, Marco P. 65 . téit (do-téit) (i n-) a.¤: no regad i n-aidid that he would come to a violent end, Trip.² 2658 . na tiastais aidid ṅgorta, SR 3407 . ni ragha do chomharba . . . aidheadh ngona, Lism. L. 465 . ?regaid éc aitti iarsein di cretair creissin hi Temuir, ZCP xii 238 § 65 (Baile in Scáil). ?fo-ceird a.¤ for: is hé rolá a aidi ar Lupaitt (a aidi om., R.), Trip.² 2782 . As the title of a class of stories : aidheda ┐ airgne, Laws i 46.5 Comm. aitte, oirgne, aidbse cheóil, Metr. Dinds. iii 20.265 . oitte (.i. báis) ┐ fessa ┐ forbassa, LL 189b54 .

(b) With obj. gen. act of killing: co folmastar cach díb aidid a chéle isin tig they came near to killing one another, LU 8263 ( FB 20 ). occa n-oidheadh ┐ occa n-airleach, AFM v 1758.4 . sinn féin d'oighidh ar n-athar, Aithd. D. 59.13 . do-gní a.¤ x kills x: co ro-dergenset a a.¤ , Dinds. 144 (RC xvi 156).

(c) In more general sense (unpleasant) fate, plight: ni hi seo æidid rofælius-[s]a ort . . . t'aithni dot aileamain . . . do mnui meblaig, TTebe 2233 . nir bo demin leo a a.¤ inn fhir sin what had happened to that man, 2964 . is and robāidead Aenias . . . masī a oigead a bādud if he did in fact die by drowning, ZCP xii 376.13 . ni fetar-sa a oidigh o sin amach what happened to him afterwards, Ann. Conn. 1411.28 .

aigéd

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aigéd or dil.ie/922

 

n (with unlen. -g- and -d) ā, f. (Lat. acetum) vinegar: tucsat aiceit sherb, PH 132 . deoch d'aiceit sheirb, 131 . do meascus domblas aei ┐ aiged ara chele , YBL 150b43 . do linadar na ridireada soitheach do aiged ┐ do domblas h-ae, 145a37 . corob imcubaidh sirop na h-aigedi ┐ in aiged fein san fiabrus, RC xlix 21.y . a brised maille salunn ┐ re haigeid, Rosa Angl. 206.14 . benedicta arna gerugad le haigeit, 216.1 . nigter an cend . . . a haigéid, O'Gr. Cat. 180.8 . fín aicét id. see 1 fín.

airichill

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airichill or dil.ie/2085
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: erfoichell, aurfochill, uirchill, oirchill, uirichill, oirichill

vn. of ar-foichlea. Earlier erfoichell, aurfochill, etc., and in later lang. oirchill, q.v. uirchill oirchill f., IGT Decl. § 13 . uirichill, oirichill f., § 50. Verbs § 54 , § 65 . d’oirichil (: feithimh), Sages, Saints and Storytellers 35 § 6 .

(a) As vn. act of preparing for, providing for, making (oneself) ready for: berrthar cach . . . oc aurfochill (a.¤, v.l.) a c[h]osmatu isin chāisc in preparation for, Corm. Y 296 . oc erochill lathi brátha against the Day of Judgement, LU 2285 ( FA 34 ). coimétaid in cáisc . . . d'iarmoracht ┐ d'a.¤ cecha bliadna, LB 123a26 . ba hecen in tsochaide mór do a.¤ `it was needful to provide for the great multitude', Ériu iv 26 § 14 . oc a.¤ in chomraic, Alex. 724 . Note also: ni reilced ríam i n-eislind .i. do a.¤ maic ind ríg to guard the king's son, Ériu iv 24 § 11 ( LL 12471 ). Cf. airchill .i.e. coimhéad, O'R. Poems

(b)n preparation, provision, readiness , etc.: in n-erfoichell (.i-, facs.) gl. procurationem, Ml. 73d2 . cía ha.¤ tucad forru what preparation had been made for them, MU² 797 . secht m-bliadna nobidh airicill ar Feis na Temrach, IT iii 198 § 55 . Of preparation for battle: o roindlid airicill an catha amlaid sin, RC xii 82 § 83 . munab cumachtach sibh . . . ar urfoichill catha do cor co crib, Leb. Gab.(i) 254 n. 4 . do taet for cind P. ┐ dobert aurcill for sin conair i tanic P. laid an ambush, BB 428b34 . Appar. battle, attack etc. in: ba comnart in chombág ┐ ba h-ellam in n-a.¤ , LL 239b11 ( TTr. 1683 ). trísin a.¤ acgairb . . . darat cách díb ar a cheíle, 244a9 ( 2024 ). ba hemech in uraicill sin, Ériu viii 36.5 . Various: immad biid ┐ oirichille provisions, LB 116a31 . bur n-orchill air neamh `the hope (ἐλπίδα) laid up for you in heaven', Colossians i 5 .

Gramm.: fer a ainmniugud . . . ar fear a airicheall `defensive' case, Auraic. 1518 . Meaning not clear in terms a.¤ (airchell v.l.) calaid, a.¤ fuit, see Auraic. Index (airchell) and Thurn., ZCP xvii 293 .

(c) In phrases with prepp. do a.¤ ┐ do airitin for in coblach Persecda to be ready to attack, Alex. 329 . d'oirchill ar C. do marbhadh, Keat. ii 3125 . Note also: dreimire óir do bheith ina ecclais do airicill na nanmand naemh trit docum nimhe `awaiting the holy souls', BNnÉ 21.6 . d'a.¤ lae an Luanbhrátha, Dán Dé xxiv 1 . slabraid . . . ra ha.¤ chengail for the purpose of binding, MU² 814 . do (= da) dilluit lais, a lunae cach dia araile in[a?] airicill in readiness for him, Laws ii 146.9 . dogensa fled . . . i n-accil ┐ i n-a.¤ Conchobuir, CRR 14 § 9 . dirmada . . . na marcach T. robai i n-airchill sluaig . . . annsin, BB 490b14 . faguim a ffuil róm don lethtaoibh si 'na n-orcill I leave the following halfpage blank for them, CS 124 n.2 . d'amhsoibh ro bhattar in urfhaichill coccaidh do ghaoidhealaibh, AFM vi 2000.7 . for a comdha ┐ ina urfhoichill, Leb. Gab.(i) 226.9 . a noirchill secht mbliadan na gorta, Gen. xli 36 . tiaghaitt aisin co Sliabh B. ┐ rogabhad (sic) fir Locha hErne na n-urfoichill on the look-out for them (i.e. prepared for their attack), ZCP xiv 259.13 . i n-urfhaichill for a chele `in readiness for each other', AFM vi 2212.7 . mogenar bias 'na aircill who will be expecting him(?) (`in his keeping', Stokes), Lism. L. 1839 .

allandess

Cite this: eDIL s.v. allandess or dil.ie/2939

 

(alla(e) + andess)

(a) Adv. on the southern side: oc commor māna ┐ aba allandeas ( allándess, LU 5114 ) ūas dūn a chēle to the south, TBC-I¹ 629 .

(b) In prep. phrase a.¤ do (= di) south of: isin glind . . . allaness don catraig, LB 159a10 . allanes do cnuc, Cog. 92.20 .

athchomsán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. athchomsán or dil.ie/4717

 

Forms: athchosán, athmosán, achmusán, achusan

n o. Also athchosán, athmosán, achmusán. reproach, rebuke: co nglamrud co n-athchossan (: lár), SR 920 . mar atchualá Euá insain / reba adchosain Adaim, 1718 . aes ecnaig aes athchossain, 8347 . achmusan ┐ imresain ┐ imsergaile, IT iii 95 § 149 . ferais cechtar n-aí díb athcossan n-athgér . . . ráraile, TBC-LL¹ 3406 . garbdomna n-athchomsáin, GJ x 579 = athmosain, YBL 127b37 (see Festschr. Stokes 4 § 8 ). tosach agrai acbosan ( athchosan, LL 345b18 ), Tec. Corm. § 19 n.12 . ni filet . . . adchosana lind, Alex. 893 . doroin athcusan fris nar comaill etc., BB 444b31 . rap imda athbir immaithbir ┐ athchomsáin (leg. -án ?) ic gasradaib Gréc, LL 240b16 ( TTr. 1767 ). cach athis ┐ cach a.¤ , 228a26 ( TTr. 811 ). tuc achmosana imda da brathair, TTebe 2713 . ar tabairt ḟala nó achmusain damsa, Acall. 6117 . iar coitsecht na n-athcomsan sin, PH 2950 . an t-achmhusán orrdhairc the well-known reproach, DDána 29.24 . gan athchosan nech for a chéle isin comhdháil, AFM ii 1164.6 . tabhar achbhasan do, Luc. Fid. 5388 . In concrete sense blow, attack: tuc athchusan anmin . . . fair du gae, Cog. 184.2 . achusan, 182.26 . As vn.: ic ecnach no ic adchossan, PH 4520 .

attach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. attach or dil.ie/4928

 

Forms: atach, ataig, atuch, attug, attuch, -attoch

n o, n., later m. vn. of ad-teich. IGT Verbs § 52 . n s. atach, Ml. 40b13 . g s. ataig, 40b12 . d s. atuch, 121d10 , 121c21 . attug, Anecd. i 41.2 . attuch, LL 243a6 ( TTr. 1947 ). -attoch, RC xx 136.16 (ACC).

I

(a) refuge (perh. orig. meaning). In Ml. regularly glossing Lat. effugio ( Ml. 40b12 , 13 , 121d10 ), effugium ( 54b21 , 107d1 ), refugium ( 49d14 , 66d1 , 121c21 ). Note also: isedh is a.¤ and, a radh ataim for comairce, O'Curry 2034.4 ( H 4.22, 57a ). Cf. atach .i. radh, ut est atach faesma .i. a rad ata faosam form, O'Dav. 143 . atach comairce, atach faesma (`to plead protection; to plead sanctuary'), Laws v 310.5 .

Hence (b) in phrase cathir attaig a city of refuge: sé cathracha attaig úaig (sex refugii civitates, Joshua xx ), SR 5195 . caithir dína ataig, Fél.² xxxiii § 4 . conid sí cathir attaig as dech fil la Grecu, LL 280a40 ( RC viii 154.x ). bidh cathair ataigh do cell thy church will be a city of refuge, Anecd. ii 38 § 14 . isna .x. primcatrachaib ataigh, H 3.18, 366b23 ( O'Curry 783 ).

II

(a) act of invoking (the construction is a.¤ x fri y act of invoking, appealing to x against y, in order to obtain someth. from y): a.¤ trócaire frib gl. obsecro itaque uos . . . per misericordiam Dei, Wb. 5c17 . digbail neich den praind ┐ attag nde fris to take away part of the meal, and to invoke God in the matter (i.e. by praying ut ne nos inducas in tentationem, etc.), Mon. Tall. 149.1 (§ 58) . iar natach anma dé do'n rechtairiu fris, SG 67.25 `after he (the steward) had adjured him by the name of God', Plummer MS. notes. a.¤ ṅdaibri ┐ dibi ┐ dothchernais fri diaid in domain dedenaig .i. ragaid cách i mmunigin a daidbri ┐ a dothchernais i nderiud domain, LL 24753 .

In phrases with follg. g s. a.¤ nuilc lit. an invoking of evil, used of curse, imprecation: ba hatach n-uilc ac cách dia chéle díb fria ré fotta iarsin `for a long time afterwards it was a form of cursing one another among them', BColm. 58.14 . The sense of a.¤ drochbérlai is not clear: se comartha déc droch-thacrai .i. . . . a.¤ droch-berla ilar nathise, LL 345e6 . atach ndroichbhérla .i. bheith anchainnteach, O'Cl. Perh. also in: ocht dtrátha ar atach árach `eight hours to implore safeguards', Dán Dé xxiv 2 .

(b) act of praying, beseeching (with gen. of God, person): oc atach dé `praying to God', Mon. Tall. 130.12 (§ 7) . dia degattoch, RC xx 136.16 (ACC). atach cāin an Coimdi, ZCP x 347 § 17 . ac atach ┐ ac etarguidi in Comded, YBL 84az . rachuaid ... d'attuch Priaim, LL 243a6 ( TTr. 1947 ). t'atach ┐ do molad to pray to thee and to praise thee, Rawl. B 512 f. 41d (Plummer MS. notes). déana atach Dé dom dhíon, A. Ó Dálaigh xxvii 1 .

With IMM of thing prayed for: oté diar n-attug im chobair doib, Anecd. i 41.2 . ag atach an duilem (sic) im furtacht, ZCP vi 51.22 . ag techt chuige . . . da atach um reite riu, Rel. Celt. ii 204.18 .

(c) prayer, request. In Laws, plea, demand: uaisliu thernaightisi ┐ tresi tu attaig the strength of thy prayer, LB 260a47 (cf. RC xxvi 368.15 ). issed attach adessam, Thes. ii 300.2 ( Hy. i 4 ). dosgnit duthracht nataigh (guidhe, v.l.) forsan cCoimdhe, BNnÉ 324 § 37 . dob feirde dó an tatach sin, AFM v 1570.17 . Legal: aircsi ┐ atach ┐ taircsiu dlighidh, O'D. 2352 ( Rawl. B 506 f. 40c ). dul for atach ndícumaing, O'D. 543 ( H 3.17, 435 ). ? atach rig rindad ramud `the demand of a king for the cutting of his roads', Laws iii 306.7 Comm. Transfd. of God: is e bás ┐ crith ┐ atach na ndúl he whom the elements beseech, Todd Lect. vi 69.2 . Note also: ar atach (aslach, v.l.) ndiabail at the Devil's request, instigation, BNnÉ 321 § 26 .

III Various: a.¤ dā derbrāthar inso (fanciful description of wound), TBC-I¹ 2837 . athach (sic) da dearbhbhrathar .i. íarraidh dá dearbhbrathar, O'Cl. trí fóindil drochbanais: foindil scél ┐ ataid ┐ airberntais (oppd. to the trí fostai dagbanais . . . gensa . . .), Triads 181 . do dénam síd ┐ attaig `intercession of peace', Arch. Hib. iv 204 . In legal phrases: a.¤ saíre `Bitte um Freiheit', plea for freedom, appar. used concretely for a number of people wishing to become free tenants of a lord, cf. in fichitmad rann do ina atach sechtar crich for his prayer (i.e. for those who ask him for friendship) (Thurn.), Ir. Recht 51 . int atach saíre co seotu no cen seotu, ceithri beimmena forro sidhe `die ''Bitte um Freiheit'' mit Wertgegenständen oder ohne Wertgegenstände', 50.2 , 13 . ? crō armedōn .i. téit mōrtūaith īarna n-atugh do sochrait aiccme bīs hūadhaib hi céin, Ériu i 215.4 . In chevilles: ní ha.¤ ṁbille, Fél. Aug. 8 (p. 175) . fri a.¤ n-án, SR 6705 .

1 bann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bann or dil.ie/5348
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: bang, aenbaingi, -baing, baind, bann

n o. Also bang ā, f. g s. aenbaingi, CCath. 1950 v.l. (énbhaing, text). d s. -baing, 2105 . Cf. a s. baind, Fing. R. 240. bann m., IGT Decl. § 73 , § 96 (p. 130.8) . Variously glossed: b.¤ .i. buille, O'Curry 583 (H. 3.18, 289). .i. gníomh, O'Cl. .i. gach cumhsgugadh, ibid. Also glossed with meanings not sup- ported by exx.: b.¤ .i. līathrāid, Corm. Y 200. Ériu xiii 76.207 . Metr. Gl. 32 § 7. Lec. Gl. 503. O'Cl. .i. dligheadh, O'Curry 1490 (H. 3.18, 664). Lec. Gl. 42. Stowe Gl. 232. O'Cl. .i. bás, O'Cl. .i. olc, O'Curry 972 (H. 3.18, 416). .i. tend, ibid.

(a) Meaning appar. move, movement, impulse, effort, thrust; hence exploit, deed: dracc ilair band, ZCP iii 465.17 , 21 . atnecham (atteocham, v.l.) ria mbandaib before making any move (?), Fél. Dec. 21. b.¤ baide ┐ trócaire impulse, SR 2072. lín ṁband mbalcbúada, LU 8289 ( FB 22 , rhet.). rosbaí damna bróin don b.¤ `the deed was a source of sorrow to them', Metr. Dinds. iv 20.28 . cath Bregmaine band `of deeds', RC xxix 211 § 8. ni maiti da bidbadaib band, Fen. 378.21 . b.¤ tre cheardchaibh caithshleagh gcorr (of a chief), DDána 79.26 . ní héidir liomsa achd b.¤ báis `the only steps I can take are fraught with death', Aithd. D. 51.12 . a bh.¤ claonta leis an gcoir `her conduct inclining to sin', 50.34 . b.¤ mear taidhbhseach tar tor (of a mare), Measgra D. 15.24 . Oar-stroke : dá luing . . . fó énbaing imruma, CCath. 2105 , 1950 ; `with one pull of the oars´ Loinges mac nDuíl Dermait 88 . cach band do-beread forsin curach (with) each oar-stroke that he gave the curach, 58 § 31 . ód bhand ḟíchmhar imramha, IGT Decl. ex. 860. Cf. DDána 83.20 . ? band īslighthe, ar ar n-onōir, Éigse xiv 92 § 2 and Notes 103 § 2 b . perh. to 1 bang.

With verbs: fer dobeir b.¤ ar cach ṁbūaid achieves (?), attempts (?), ZCP viii 119 § 40 ( Rawl. 88b42 ). dobert G. band feramail fora churach vigorously propelled, LL 12702. Cf. IT ii1 181.192 . tucad b.¤ ele arna cobhlaigibh [co ndechadar] . . . imásech araile, CCath. 1966. tucadur iaromh b.¤ dúr dīochra ar an deabhaidh made for, Cath MT 786. beiridh b.¤ tar bhladh a sinnsear surpasses , O'Hara 4175. b.¤ ar a ais ní headh rug did not retreat, PBocht 10.15 . Cf. band ar ais ón irgail, Hy Fiach. 260.7 . téid crann ó Dhonnchadh fa dheóigh / b.¤ tar orchar in áirseóir, IGT Decl. ex. 1309. do-chuaidh Pilib / . . . / b.¤ suas tar na sinnsearaibh surpassed, O'R. Poems 432. imbered a baind foraib, Fing. R. 240. Elliptically: is mithid damhsa b.¤ do bhaile `to foot it homewards', Ó Bruad. ii 240.5 (bonn. v.l.).

(b) Passing into sense of length (of cast, etc.), distance, period, extent, amount: níbo moo in band oldas a chéle (of casting a ball and hurley), LU 5006. dobert G. fochrothad . . . fon scíath co roacht band ḟata úad, LL 12719. Éire ┐ áirdrí Bearta / ní bhfuil aonbh. uaisleachta / . . . / d'iomurcadh air ná uirthi degree, 23 G 24 , 274.13 . Conchobor bliadain a band / noco torchair la Crimthand, LL 15151. ? ri ro bai ria mbetha b.¤ , SR 5273. ? b.¤ ar t'fhíoch ní fheadarsón, Bard. Synt. Tr. 193.12 . Diancecht . . . is e ro chind in b.¤ decided the amount (?), Laws iii 362.4 Comm. (`that established the rule').

Freq. in chevilles: niba hifernach, búan bánn, / clann na cined dó, Trip.² 393. Fél. 86.31 . úarda band, LU 9856. ? 10543 . būaidh ria mbannaibh, ZCP vi 264 § 5. ? fíad slúa g Eigept, amra bainn, SR 3291 (: Foraind).

Note also: briathar baile (builidh, v.l.) b.¤ , Metr. Gl. 11 § 10. ba difulaing cloistecht re fogurmuirn in muighe fos, cona búi a barsamail acht amail bad b.¤ don brat[h] doberta isin uair sin ind, CCath. 5650 (`ban of Doom'). benfaid na trī band[a] .i. band crābaid, band ecnoi, band trebairi, ZCP ix 453 § 34. Of Eóin Bruinne: a bhrágha ní fhuair ionadh / os chionn cíche an dúiliomhan / b.¤ do bhí tar an gcroichse / dí is gan chrann 'n-a caomhthaighse, PBocht 23.13 (`a band was fixed about the cross'). inmain bund sin, inmain band, / dotelccad do nim anull, TTebe xvi 1 (`a dear strain'). forbann .i. for b.¤ .i. ní ós ceann dligidh, óir as ionann b.¤ ┐ dligheadh, O'Cl.

Compds. With nouns: cen báes ṁbandgaile impulsive valour (?), LL 25803. bandmaidm Lettrech Ainge (.i. cath Cilli Mōna) rout, ZCP xii 236 § 56. With adj.: cur meabaidh don abhainn ina buindeadhaibh borbghloracha . . . bangdhlúithi (b.¤ dluíthe, v.l., TBC-LL¹ 3911 ), TBC St. 3238.

Cf. 1 bang.

bennachaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bennachaid or dil.ie/5659

 

Forms: bennaigid, bendachadh, nobendachthar, bendachdai, bennachad

v (Lat. benedico). Later also bennaigid. bendachadh, IGT Verbs § 106. Cf. also bennachtaid.

I

(a) blesses: mani bendachae gl. benedicite, Wb. 5d23 . hóre nonbendacha-ni, 11b7 . indatbendachub gl. nisi benedicens benedicam té, 33d11 . nobendachthar (= nobbendachthar, edd.) gl. si uultis benedici, Ml. 33d23 . bennach, a Dé . . . / dot laim deis in cule sa `bless, O God . . . with Thy right hand this store-room', Thes. ii 333.18 (Hy. v Comm.). sēnta (*sénaid-i, edd.) .i. bennachais, 337.34 . rodbendacha int athair ┐ in mac ┐ in spirud nōeb, ZCP xii 371.21 . náim Hérend and . . . / robennachsat in óenach, Metr. Dinds. iii 12.8 . gach fert no bhennaighfedh (bennochadh, v.l.), BNnÉ 295 § 22 . beinneóchar i ló a éaga é (= benedicetur, Eccles. i 13 ), TSh. 1145. maille les na huile bhendachtaibh . . . le mbendeócha Athair na trócaire = shall blesse, RSClára 48b . With DO: ro bendach do Dróbéis (= Drobaicam autem bene- dixit), Trip.² 1693. consecrates a church, etc.: Siluester pāpa issē ru-s-bennaigh in naoimh-eglus sin, Fl. Earls 194.29 . Ruadhan d'ár beannuigheadh Lothra `to whom L. . . . was dedicated', Keat. i 154.3 . beinneochuid íad féin = shall consecrate, Ezekiel xliii 26.

(b) greets, hails, salutes: bennaichmait gl. admunemar, Thes. ii 349.4 . nob-guidet .i. nob-bendachat gl. salutant, Wb. 7b21 . condambendachtais in maicc, TBC-I¹ 587. With DO: tair round ar co mbennachat in maccrad damsa wish me well (Wind.), TBC-LL¹ 1136. bennachuis cach da chele dib `each of them saluted the other', RC xiv 50 § 60.

II Of a cleric exercises ecclesiastical functions: Cluana Boirenn, in ro beandach Caireach Dearccain, AFM ii 630.9 . robhennachsa is Rónán / isin chill, Ériu v 94.28 . Fiachraigh, dithrebhach, ┐ do bendaigh fos is in Frainc, Mart. Don. Aug. 30. beann ar ar bheannaidh in Táilghionn `a hill which the T. blessed by dwelling on it' (Gloss.), Duan. F. ii 372 § 7.

part. is dia bendachthe isna bithu gl. benedictus, Wb. 4c4 . is bendachda ainm Ísu Crist, PH 2329. an bhuighean bheannaighthe bhláthchóir `the blessed . . . band' (of books, harp, etc.), Studies 1923, 599 § 18 .

As pl. subst. the beatitudes of Matthew v 3 - 10 : do na hochd mbeannaighthibh, Parrth. Anma 3253.

vbl. of necess.: bendachdai gl. benedicendi, Ml. 138a1 . is bennachda dún Dia (sic leg. ?), ZCP ii 135 § 10.

Vn. bennachad.

braithid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. braithid or dil.ie/6524

 

v (brath) betrays: ni braitfithar tusa de sin, TBC St. 968 = nit merad-su (.i. nít mairnfed) sain, TBC-LL¹ 1081. cétaín ro braith (: ṡaich) Ísu n-ard, Murphy Metrics 52 § 15 . ro-braithed o desciplaib fén he, PH 2298. in tan ro-braithestar . . . Ísu Crist, 8191 . is aen uaib no-m-braithfi-sea, 2373 . braithfet dit mo chele `I shall betray to thee my spouse', TTebe 1505 . an biodhbha do bhraith sibse `who betrayed Thee', Aithd. D. 73.2 . ná braith = betray not, Isaiah xvi 3.

In wider sense espies, spies, points out, discloses; perceives, notices, considers: brathim-se duit in baile i fuigbe é na chotlud, Corp. Gen. 403. do bhraithfinn daeibh an uaidh ann `I would point out to you', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 162.17 . braithim do . . . / an craobh thoraidh on tuaiscert I proclaim to . . . (?), ZCP ii 335.3 . sa chaithir i gcrú an asail / braithidh lasair thú ar tosaigh `reveals', Dán Dé vii 12 , IGT Decl. ex. 427 (brath-, v.l.). bratir (brathir, MS.) dūn ardabstail Ērenn let us observe the high apostles (?), ACL iii 303.9 . ná braithtear maoith 'n-a meanmain let no dispiritedness be seen, O'Hara 2767. do braith (: flaith) bean / . . . ar techeadh `sensed our banishment', Magauran 673 . braithim-se dhuit cá bhfuighbhir . . . L. `I can tell you', Keat. ii 4500. an tan . . . bhraitheas a bhríogh spioradálta agá chlódh when he perceives, TSh. 183. tresa mbraithfidhe dīomháoinius . . . orra = by which . . . they might be noted of vanity', RSClára 116a . ros-braith tria báig in bine `the ill deed . . . wrought their ruin', Metr. Dinds. iv 130.113 . is í ben do braithedar dó .i. inghen I Chonchubair `they chose', L. Chl. S. 3. nír braitheadh linn liaigh ar gcabhra `we had no hope of a leech', Aithd. D. 66.16 . tiodhlaicthe Dé dár bhflaithibh / a gcur ar gcúl ná braithidh `think not to put aside', Content. vi 66.

cách

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cách or dil.ie/7529
Last Revised: 2019

 

pron. the one, each, everyone, all, etc. gen. cáich, later also cáig ( chách, Párl. na mB. 985 , 1038 v.l.). IGT Decl. § 64 . Takes sg. vb., in later lang. either sg. or pl. (see PH 1053 , 1426 , DDána, Aithd. D.). As antecedent of rel. clause often with prec. art. in. Note also: cith anidan ind c.¤ `though all (who bring it) be impure', Mon. Tall. 160.2 . don c[h]ach sin to each of those(?), Laws iv 196.22 Comm. Unstressed form cach (separate entry). See GOI 310 - 11 ; O'Brien, Ir. Hist. Stud. i 351 .

(a) In general sense (the) one, each one, everyone, all, all others, the rest : do Duaid sech c.¤ , Ml. 36c11 . diglae for cach, 37c21 . hua ch.¤ , 56b45 . dibochtai chaich, 61a9 . dulogaid do ch.¤ `ye forgive everyone', 65a10 . it huaisliu c.¤ gl. transcendis, 108d2 . dénum maith fri c.¤ gl. operemur bonum ad omnes, Wb. 20c17 . precept do c.¤ gl. Grecis et Barbaris, sapientibus et insipientibus debitor sum, 1b8 . a n-imdibe adchi c.¤ , 2a2 . doberat maldact in for c.¤ , 2a23 . is dílmain la c.¤ ar n-orcun-ni, 4b23 . is sain dán cáich, 5d5 . nertad ch.¤ `let him encourage everyone', 5d11 . a n-as maith la c.¤ dénad gl. unusquisque, 6b18 . taiccéra c.¤ dará chen fessin gl. unusquisque nostrum, 6b28 . ícce caích tri iriss gl. dies salutis, 15d24 . ni fiad ch.¤ gl. seorsum his . . . , 18d8 . i taig ríg amal . . . i taig cáich, gl. in ceteris omnibus, 23b9 . condid diib ro gab c.¤ deissemrecht gl. omnibus credentibus, 24c14 . nad soiriu cach `is not nobler than anyone (else)', Sg. 161b10 . cáich auuair `every man's in turn', Thes. ii 235.15 . is cāich a hūair a n-āros so, ZCP viii 312.3 . sluind dó ri cāch brēthir, beir dó ri cāch brēthir, xi 80.22 . ma fri cinta caich fadesin gabur athgabail `of the person himself', Laws ii 100.8 . amra! amra! ol c.¤ they all said, TBFr. 290 . lí súla cáich, LU 8319 ( FB 23 ). ropo thír cāich ala n-úair it belonged to others, Hail Brigit 2 . i ndíaid cāich after everyone else, BColm. 94.28 . nach síoth broide cheanglaid c.¤ , DDána 3.9 . mór do ch.¤ do chuaidh, PBocht 5.41 `much of the world', notes. c.¤ `thy foes', Aithd. D. 20.23 . nachar scríobh neach oile do c.¤ `none of the others', Keat. iii 441 . gibē ele do ch.¤ `of the rest', RSClára 134b . ní fiú éin-ní c.¤ = nihil prosunt caetera, TSh. 9402 . fear mar chach an ordinary man, Luc. Fid. 5060 , Dánta Gr. 34.24 . fonn . . . a cc.¤ eile dhá mholadh to be fond of being praised by others, Desid. 765 . arnach dechsad fo cāch inro triallsat `that it might not get about', Grail 3356 . luid L. dano cumma cháich with the rest, Fing. R. 339 . a ccumma chaigh, Hugh Roe² 10.9 .

(b) In sequence cách . . . alaile the one . . . the other, one another, each other : c.¤ fri alaile gl. inuicem, Wb. 1c1 ; 5d15 , 21d12 , 22b9 . is ball c.¤ dialailiu gl. alter altirius, 5d4 . con rochra c.¤ alaile gl. in alterutrum, 6d1 . forcanad c.¤ alaile gl. loquentes uobismet ipsís in salmis, 22c8 . ó ch.¤ dialailiu, Críth G. 9 . cotnerig cach díb diaraili rose up against each other (of three warriors), LU 8993 ( FB 74 ). With céile: natiubrad c.¤ a chéle gl. inuicem, Wb. 9d20 . celebrais c.¤ dia-cheile díb, RC iii 180.5 .

(c) With follg. prep. DI, ó in partitive sense: ní tucai c.¤ dib belrae alaili gl. nulla gens, Ml. 42c7 . cach díb i ndiad alaili gl. ut semen eius continua successione regnaret, 42b5 . c.¤ díob, Mon. Tall. 132.14 . c.¤ úaib contra alium gl. inuicem, Wb. 25a34 . tuitfidh c.¤ uaibh you will all fall, DDána 10.2 . See cach I (d).

(d) With follg. emphasizing word: cach uile, LB 132b11 . re cach etir `with the rest', Cog. 168.13 . do fen . . . ┐ do chach archena, TTebe 1500 .

(e) With follg. rel. clause he (who) (see O'Brien, loc. cit., Bergin, OIPG 208 ) everyone (who), all (who) (the sg. and distributive senses cannot in all cases be distinguished with certainty): aineclann cháich as a aí of the owner (of a mill), Críth G. 240 . bennacht for cach ó tuctha on him who has given it, Vita Br. 27 . bennacht . . . for cach donancamar, Anecd. i 11.19 ( SCano 350 ). ba calma cach isa cend `valorous was he', Ériu v 244.205 . c.¤ thanic and (in cách, v.l.) he who is there, TBC-LL¹ 5290 . In sense of everyone, all : ó ch.¤ nád fil and gl. quicunque sunt fratres, Wb. 24b30 . sech c.¤ fodglein olchene `beyond all others who learn it', Ml. 37b12 . c.¤ rodgab `every one who has sung it', Thes. ii 349.8 (Hy. ii). do-bebae do-beba . . . cāch boī cāch bias, ZCP xi 85 § 37 . mairg c.¤ roda-ortsom, Fél. Prol. 57 .

(f) With preceding article in singular sense: ni thucci in c.¤ rod chluinethar he that hears it, Wb. 12c46 (see OIPG 208 ). in cāch dosfuc do bethu, Thes. ii 316.4 (Hy. ii). menmain (accus.) iond caich dia n-aisnedtar, Mon. Tall. 127.19 . in cach ferus na fuili he who inflicts, BCrólige 58 n.1 . cosin c.¤ no charim. Fél. Ep. 50 . fo bíth . . . in cháich o tudchad, LU 3431 ( SCC 20 ). mo-ngenar do'n chach do-s-gní, PH 8423 . gach cara . . . / loiteas an c.¤ nos carond `who injures his lover', O'Hara 1270 . croidheadha an cháich léghfeas, Desid. 120 . In sense of everyone, all : in c.¤ dobeir . . . frisin c.¤ diatabir `every one' (he who ?), Sg. 188a31 . in c.¤ gl. omnis . . . qui . . . , Ml. 43a1 . ní lat in c.¤ forsa mmitter, Wb. 6b22 everyone ? (perh. he who , Bergin, OIPG 208 ). tri hiris in cháich cretes, 2b11 . for in cach is rig `against every king', Laws iv 52.12 . dígde ind caich rocradis `to beseech pardon of everyone thou hast offended', Mon. Tall. 141.25 . Pl. sense seems intended in: is foirbthe in c.¤ diaro scribad et ni ecen acairigud ref. to omnibus sanctis, Wb. 23a10 . don chach frisambí immalde de aos sruith `in regard to such elderly people as live with him', Mon. Tall. 152.23 . ag díubhrugud in cháich boí annsa tor, Cóir Anm. 146 . So also: robtar foiltigh remibh an c.¤ baoi fora ccind, Hugh Roe² 50.9 .

(g) In phr. ar ch.¤ , a ch.¤ , sa ch.¤ in general, on the whole : truagh sa ch.¤ an comhorrtha `what a sad portent', O'Hara 1588 . ? aonrāith a gc.¤ do choigleas, Butler Poems 930 `of all dwellings the one I have chosen', Gloss. Usually with comparatives indicating successive increases in the quality denoted by the adj. (Engl. bigger and bigger, the bigger): trummu á peccad ar ch.¤ nachmod formberat `their sin is heavier and heavier as they increase', Ml. 71c1 . combat foirbthiu ar ch.¤ for ṅgnímae `more and more perfect', Wb. 13d29 . ní ba messu ar ch.¤ a ngné, Metr. Dinds. ii 22.56 . is ferr a chāch it is better than ever, Bruchst. i 62 § 141 . iss messa a cach ar cach ló, IT i 121.23 ( TE 7 Eg.). ní ba mó ach.¤ óṡeo immach ever greater, Metr. Dinds. iii 46.83 . ni bot scithæ acach at all, RC xii 82 § 80 . fuaire a ch.¤ a-taoi fám chionn ever colder. Dánta Gr. 86.8 . With omission in writing of unstressed a: iss assu 'ch.¤ lind, MacCongl. 103.18 . budh truime ch.¤ ar gcodladh, Dán Dé xvii 6 . núidhe ch.¤ , PBocht 1.38 . With sa: ní mo ní lugu sa chach hí it is neither bigger nor smaller, BB 262b19 . fa ferr sa c.¤ do bi sí an uair sin féin it grew better and better from that very time, ITS xvi 56.18 . teirce sa c.¤ mo charuid, KMMisc. 358.9 . móide sa c.¤ do chuntas, A. Ó Dálaigh xl 7 . nī lugha-sa-chāch nō `not less than', Fl. Earls 70.8 . ní lughaide-sa-chāch roimeglaighset `nevertheless', 30.31 .

? teccait āigid, fācboit ail, / saigit go glain nGāidil ngil / nocha chumai cāch is cách / dia ferta-sa an fāth, a fir, ZCP xii 292.10 .

cáel

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cáel or dil.ie/7578
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: cóil

adj I o, ā thin, slender, narrow and related meanings in a variety of applications. cóil gl. macer, Sg. 50a 24 ; exilis, Ml. 142c2 . Of the body and parts thereof: i corpán chóel, Fél. Ep. 386 . do grúadaib córaib cóilaib `haggard cheeks', Ériu iii 100 § 25c . tonn crocnaide cóil `emaciated skin', ii 56 § 10 . condernai iachtlaind cáil truaig di, RC viii 154.16 . guaille caoile, ZCP v 222.681 (Midn. Court). for a c[h]osaib cāelaibh, ZCP viii 196 § 23 . com caol, Keat. Poems 200 . As a nickname: Cobthach cael, MacCarthy 184 § 2 . Conall Cael, 402.3 . Of animals: ilar cruma cael clenchruind, SR 890 . cona muccaib cælaib, IT iii 243.11 . cail tuirc, YBL 174a10 ( SG 80.10 ). Of weapons, instruments etc. crann caol, DDána 106.11 . a chuilg chaoil, 119.29 . dá sgiain chaoil, Aithd. D. 53.14 . cliath cael, BB 365b42 . fuillem . . . na snaithiti caile, Laws v 380.20 Comm. do bhuain iall gcaol dá chonuibh, Aithd. D. 3.22 . slabhraidh cáola con, SGS iv 60 § 3 . Of writing: na seandaine ... nac fetaid litreacha caela da legad, Ir. Astr. Tr. 28.10 . ní eirgann sé caol ná reamhur neither upstroke nor downstroke succeeds with me, O'Gr. Cat. 110.25 . Of ways, paths etc.: caol gin gur cumhang an ród, DDána 3.8 . slighe chaol na córa, PBocht 4.5 . ferr in cosmail caol fodae, ZCP vii 311 § 15 (cf. coil cosmail .i. fithus carpait (a kenning), O'Gr. Cat. 91.6 ). drochet . . . c.¤ dóib ar thus he. lethan . . . fo deóid it is narrow for them at first, LU 2153 ( FA 22 ). ni cuma chael is fearr uirre (of a territory), Magauran 3054 . teacht caol ag deathaigh is dual, DDána 93.22 . Of garment: léine chaol thin, fine(?), Aithd. D. 3.4 . fer . . . / a léinidh cháeil chimhasbláith, IGT Decl. ex. 642 . Of sounds: go ngothaibh cáola cáoincheann `with the clear notes of the caoincheann', Ériu ix 168 § 43 . tabhthann caol na seannach seang, Hard. ii 238.x . guth suáimneach cáol `a still small voice', 1 Kings xix 12 . ar chrithribh caola caomhdhuan, Hackett² ix 4 . caelḟetugud na claideb, LL iv 32323 . caol .i. cail .i. gairm, O'Cl . sephain cogrinn coel ṅglain ṅgil, SR 2159 . In gramm., of consonants palatal, palatalized : dísbeagadh cáol no leathan, IGT Introd. § 113 . ag oireamhuin don fhocal bhíos roimhe bhíos an barr madh cáol no leathan é, § 149 . gach ainm iollraidh cáol ┐ a thochlughadh lethan, § 158 .

Miscellaneous applications in transferred senses: bud caol a (ar, v.l.) cumaing-ne our strength will be little, ZCP viii 207 § 39 . ar máthair nDé is caol mo chomaoin `poor my service of God's mother', PBocht 4.14 . mar ra-niad ní coimhshniomh caol / siad ar-aon ag coimhdhíol chliar `a generous cooperation', Magauran 2025 . gidh c.¤ do chrodh a chaillech few, IGT Decl. ex. 713 . an chuid chaol lesser piece, Butler Poems 111 . diet rocháol, 23 K 42, 5.21 . In phrase 'sa chenn ch.¤ : gur chuir an ceart sa cheann chaol / do chlaon leam tar a reacht ríogh `and put justice in a tight place(?)', Aithd. D. 84.14 and note. do sgoilt sé dar gceann an cíogh / níor bh'é ar ndíon is an gceann gcaol grudgingly(?) (see note to prec. ex.), 100.4 . ar ndul don mhaith san cheann chaol, LBranach 1142 `had become diminished', Notes.

Fine, nice, delicate, subtle, exact : coil ┐ cóim (of a speech), Sg. 26a10 . an chluas do ba caol tuigse so keen of perception, DDána 52.15 . naomh gan ní 'n-a ainbhios air / do ní aighneas caol cumair `makes a plea subtle and short', PBocht 14.40 . eagna chaol nar thagair go teann (of the Blessed Virgin), 2.31 . Adv. dá tuicter so co cael `if one understands accurately', O'Gr. Cat. 323.y . Of a drink: do sugh cael na n-uball fiad `subtle juice', O'Dav. 1299 .

Equative: ba cáilithir bas (a bridge), Aisl. Tond. 100.3 .

Compar.: cōile 'sa cōile, Corm. Y 262 . an té as caoile dochí an chóir `the clearer one doth see the light', Ó Bruad. i 188.x note. is caeli ┐ is cruaidhi (of sound), Auraic. 1481 .

II Subst.

(a) ní thuca in coil ngairit do not marry a short slender woman, ZCP viii 112.23 .

Usually as o-stem. (b) wattling : carr coíl. Críth G. 573 . udnocht coíl imbi, 102 . a meas ┐ a cael (products of the hazel), Laws iv 150.1 . cethri grinne . . . di choel, O'Curry 883 ( H 3.18, 395a ). a ch.¤ ┐ a mín in ḟeda, CRR 34 . a cael d'airgid (of a house), IT iii 195 § 34 . cōel fo tuighib d'itib én (of Mac ind Óc's house), ZCP viii 108.14 .

(c) clear sound(?): gáir ind uma a hucht in chroind / ar aen ┐ caīl in chind `along with the clear sound of the voice', Ériu xix 78 § 8 . caol .i. cail .i. gairm, O'Cl.

(d) narrow part of things, bodies, etc. : trí cóil ata ferr folongat in mbith: cóil srithide hi folldeirb etc., Triads 75 . im chael in chorthe . . . remur in chorthe, TBC-LL¹ 566 . da shleagh go g-caelaib a g-crann `to the narrow parts of their handles' MR 272.4 . Frequ. of the narrow parts of the human body: a chaoil, a leasrach, [a] mheadhuin, Eg. Gl. 147 . cor gerrastar coel in cuirp the neck, Cog. 194.15 . a caol na colla 'san muinēl, ZCP xiii 231.10 . a chrios do bhí timchioll a cháoil, 1 Kings ii 5 . tar caelaib corp a chéle , CF² 490 . ra ceṅglait da n-id im chailaib choss ankles, TBC-LL¹ 1923 . fuil caol cos, Rosa Angl. 28 § 11 . tar altaibh chaol na lámh knuckles, RSClára 68 § 4 . go caol gcolptha, O'Hara 4062 . gabhais . . . ar chael cruibh hí wrist, CF² 1387 . tuc buile . . . fā chaol a droma, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1674 . fa chaol a mhuinil, Atlantis iv 176.24 . fá chaol a chuim, Keat. ii 5116 . cengal na gcúig gcaol, 3474 i.e. wrists, ankles, neck. fa singe an fear ná caol con, A. Ó Dálaigh lv 4 .

(e) strait, narrow; `stream flowing through a marsh', O'Don. Suppl.: iomraiset . . . gusan ccael ccuarchumhang baoi forsan loch strait, Hugh Roe² 30.24 (fo. 9a) . caol fairrge an inlet of the sea, Beatha S. F. 2045 . iomlochtadh ar caol Locha Febail, AFM v 1788.20 . etir Palestina ┐ cóel na Siria, Rawl. 71b31 . dia roás in cóel (of the Boyne), Metr. Dinds. iii 100.13 . Ceann Tuirc na gcaolta `of the marshy plains', O'Rah. 214.x . For use in nn. loc. see Hog. Onom. Fig. tug mo chroidhe a ccáol chumhang, Butler Poems 282 `has constricted my heart`, Gloss.

Compds. Compds. where c.¤ is used merely or mainly for alliteration are not listed. In Corp. Astron. c.¤ has the sense of Lat. sub, somewhat , e.g. puisínidhe caol-reamhra, 78.28 . gruag . . . caol-chasta, 64.28 . With adjj. cosa caol-árda, ML 120.9 . E. Cael-buide, BNnÉ 312 § 1 . i ccuasaibh caolchumhguibh cloch, BS 17 . Cōildubh (n.pr.), ZCP viii 293.4 . re tíghe gach ceatha chaoil-eadraime, ML 128.27 . cailli caelfhota, Auraic. 5137 (cailf., LL 5034 ). an geimreadh gaothach chaol-fuacht (leg. -ḟuar), Corp. Astron. 64.9 . ba h-iomramh chríon-luinge, chaoil-ísle, ML 82.1 . in fear caílti `slender warm', Duan. F. ii xxxvi 35 .

With adjj. derived from nouns: a Dhubh chaílbhléanach slender-groined , IGT Decl. ex. 789 . echlach ... caelchichech, YBL 177a12 . i tig . . . cāilḟinnach, Bruchst. i 33 § 75 ( IT iii 49 § 89 ). coilér . . . caelreangach, CF² 680 . tar an ccarcair ccumhaing ccaolródaigh, AFM vi 2198.9 .

With nouns: cruas croidhe ┐ caolagarthaighe quibbling, Luc. Fid. 2233 . biaidh caol-aicídeacha air slight diseases(?), Corp. Astron. 140.6 . gan caolbháidh, Duan. F. ii 138 § 49 . gur comroinn an croidhe . . . don choílbéim sin, CF² 962 . alma chōelbō `herds of lean kine', Ériu ii 24 § 5 . dá caoilbhreis of its slender abundance, Hackett² li 28 . Caelchéis (name of a harp), LL 22020 . See caílchenn. cáolchoill ḟoghadh san ursoinn, IGT Decl. ex. 454 . inna coilchomæ gl. intestinorum, Sg. 49b18 . See cáeldruimm. níor chaoileang bheag it was no narrow strip, Keat. ii 3336 . da chaelesna, Acall. 4783 . nocha caelḟal cranna / meic Coelan, Gorm. Nov. 16 . caelḟetugud na claideb ica tarruṅg a trúallaib, LL 32323 ( TTr. 1512 ). ? atriplex agrestis .i. cael feadh nó feithleog, ACL i 335 § 60 (perh. leg. c.¤ feadha). fuair a caoilḟiodh a sháith shaoir wattling (of a building), DDána 119.35 . do chleithibh ┐ do chaoilfhíodhraidh, ML 76.1 . rap imscothad chaíl chaílḟorgnama, LL 32534 ( TTr. 1734 ). ní hoireamh go caol-fhód, Dánfhocail 241 `the last sod turned up by the plough at the end of a furrow', Gloss. craobh caoilfreime `of graceful stock', Arch. Hib. i 95 § 1 . caelglais slender stream, BDD² 830 . occa ndiubhraccad . . . a coelghunnadhaibh . . . ┐ a muscaéitibh, Hugh Roe 180.23 (fo. 46a) . bressmac nad char cōelgus, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 40.20 . Orthanach hua Caellama, Rawl. 88b49 . a dhá caolmhala, Hackett² xxiii 36 . fa'n caelmuine `to the dense shrubbery', MR 236.1 . 'san chaolmhuir . . . scaras an Eoruip ┐ an Asia ré chéile, Keat. ii 477 . d'fhírrinn chaoilphinn chuirr, DDána 49.13 . caelsnaithi óir, Acall. 382 . isin chaeltráig, 4690 . caol-tuir (of the pyramids), TSh. 5607 .

With noun giving adj.: i bpríosún . . . caolbhord na M., Hackett² xliv 4 . ech . . . coelchos, LU 8665 ( FB 50 ). a carcuir chorcra ch[a]oilleabthadh chliabhchumhaing, Celtica xiii 40.1 . a gunnadhaibh ceirtdírghe caolradhairc, Hugh Roe² 228.18 (fo. 58a) .

With verb: ¤-ibid: 's nach ccaoilibhid cuirm, O'R. Poems 672 `drink in a stinting fashion', Gloss.

cáin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cáin or dil.ie/7786
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: cānae, cánanda, cánann

n i, f. Later also with dental and velar inflection. Note also g s. cānae, Cáin Ad. 48 . IGT Decl. § 201 . n p. cánanda, ibid. g p. cánann, ex. 2162 . See Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 193 , O'Brien, Celtica iii 172 .

Law, regulation, rule; fine, tax, tribute. Precise legal significance difficult to define. Appar. regarded as statute law (a law imposed by a king, perh. by an over-king) or by the church ( Ériu xii 69 , Ir. Hist. Stud. xiii 101 - 3 ) in contrast to aurradus customary law. It is always more severe than the latter, ZCP xiv 339 . See Cóic Con. pp. 65 - 66 . Frequ. glossed by ríagail ( Laws ii 222.3 Comm. etc.). The wider meaning written law undoubtedly derived from the numerous monastic ordinances issued in the 8th cent., Thurn. ZCP xviii 396 . By annalists appar. equated with lex (see AU 733 , 736 , 766 and Index s.v. Law). In legal commentary, denotes the law as recorded in old books in contradistinction to aurradus which denotes current law ( The Irish Jurist xxxiii 359 , Literature and Politics in the Celtic World 199-200 , Ériu lii 136 n. 39 ).

(a) law as a system, set of regulations : c.¤ a canoine .i. regula , O'Mulc. 200 . cis lir cain i tir, na bi imaclaid la Feine?, Laws v 480.8 . ro suigideadh (? leg. for-suidigthea) na cana so o tosach domain, 480.22 . ata[a]t .iii. cáini (caine, MS.) nad chumgat comarbai do chumscuchud `there are three rules (servitudes) which heirs are not capable of changing i.e. three types of servitude to which one's land may become subject by adversative prescription', Ériu xvii 68 § 9 and note. c.¤ cach uisci thairidne .i. riagail inn uisce . . . , § 8 . comdire cach fri aroile i nnos chana, BCrólige 5 and note. it cetheora arag . . . fris-tobngiter na ceithri aur[r]athais: athgabail fri brat[h]a Cai, giall fri cain, etc., Bürgschaft 75.16 . adarbetar a cain ┐ rechtgi echtca sin, O'Mulc. 368 . Of the regulation for exacting satisfaction for injury (see (b) below): techta cana caich la derbfine .i. dliged na riagla tobaig caich, Ir. Recht 34 § 36 . fer cána the cáin lawyer: ca heiric bhias i nguairiuga[dh] cána, uair nar innis fer cána éiric inn i c.¤ , O'D. 873 ( H 3.17, c. 626 ). In phr. luige cána, see 1 luige. Contrasted with aurradus (see above): deithbirugh[ad] itir c.¤ ┐ urradus (one of the qualifications of a brehon), O'D. 925 ( H 3.17, 657 ). diablad coirpdire urradais sin, ┐ a da cutruma in diablad corpdire cana, Cóic Con. 38 § 51 . is doib do r[or]macht cain do cach duine da fuil airem eneclainne ar cumalaib i n-urradus, 50 § 97 . noco nfuilit ree nanta re athgabhala cána amhuil atá re athghabhála urradhuis, O'D. 621 ( H 3.17, c. 461 ) (see further under aurradus). Distinguished from cairde: imdích dliged a chéle cintaib cuir, c.¤, cairddi[u] co neoch atallen `he defends the rights of his clients in regard to liabilities arising from contract, written law and treaty(?)', Críth G. 340 and note. muna tabri c.¤ no cairde, BCrólige 43 and note. deichniubar aice ac denum cana ┐ cairde (of the aire désa), O'Curry 2057 (H 4.22, 64a). issed . . . doberar do . . . ar a chain, ar a chairde, ar a rechtnge, Laws v 520. 5 . See further under cairde.

Note further (from non-legal texts): is hí . . . cāin robūi . . . la Bretna: in biodba inna chinaid do neoch forsesed a chāin nō forūasnadfad a chāin, Corm. Y 883 ( Anecd. iv 76.3 ). ní duaichnid is í in ch.¤ ro mebaid and in tan ro gabad for loscad in tíre, BDD² 243 . hi ṅgíallnae nár choillet ith na blicht i nHérind tara ch.¤ téchtae, 921 . ar febus na cána ┐ in tṡída, 607 (of prosperous reign). is coll geisi ┐ cána dam-sa inní sin (the Paschal fire), Trip.² 448 . cia chollit araile in cánaid sea, LB 203b56 . ní dlig laech a enecland dia mbé i n-écmais a arm. conid c.¤ midlaig no ndlig fon samail sin law applying in the case of the m.(?), LU 6156 (TBC). ro leasaiged . . . fo chain lesaighthi, RC xliii 114 § 120 . c.¤ dilguda i.e. (Christian) doctrine of forgiveness, LU 9747 . foclaim rim chain is rim chubus / . . . na roaerus duine remhe by my troth, IT iii 86 § 89 . do fhregair in sámaid sin / a cánaib is a caingnibh, SG 69.18 . ón lá do cailleadh do ch.¤ when Thy law was broken (of the offence of Adam), Dán Dé xxviii 17 . In phrase do-gní c.¤ fri makes a law regarding: dogēna cāin fri banscāla, ACL iii 231.20 .

In names of particular laws or titles of tracts: is a Senchas Mar ro airletha na cetheora cano:— cain iarraid, cain saerraith, cain aicillne, cain lanamnussa techta, Laws i 40.21 . cain lanamna, ii 342 ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 2 ). c.¤ aigillne, ZCP xiv 338 ff. cain airlicthe, Laws v 370.9 . cain dornn cliath, 474.13 .i. riagail na cleithi donither o'n durn, in cathcliath, 476.16 Comm. cain ona, 368.9 . cain othrusa `rule of nursing', BCrólige 25 . amail atberr a Cain techta bered darba, O'Dav. 629 = beridh darbha, muchaidh ainbḟios, etc., Ériu xiii 39.12 . in cain einech, 13.14 . ite na filidh do-bongad cain n-enech, 23 . In eccles. contexts: at éat so ceithri cána Erenn .i. cain Patraic gan [n]a chleirchiu do marbad, ┐ caín Adamnáin gan [n]a mna do marbad, Cain Daire ga[n] bú do marbad, ┐ Cain domnaig can toirimtecht etir, Fél. 210.31 ( Keat. iii 1705 ). forus chano Patricii hi Cruachnibh la Dubdaleithi `promulgation of the law of P.', AU i 258.5 (782). is i so tra in Cain Patraic, Laws i 18.1 . cutruma cumal cana Padraicc ┐ cumal cana Cormaic, O'Curry 577 ( H 3.18, 287 ). cain fuithribe, Laws iii 60.4 Comm. rith cana Patraic . . . r. c.¤ Diarmada . . . r. c.¤ boileachta . . . r. c.¤ Adamnain, O'Curry 2132 (H 4.22, 87b). mad iar gc.¤ Adamhnain, O'D. 673 ( H 3.17, 493b ) i.e. if the suit is brought under the law of A. (as oppd. to mad iar gc.¤ i.e. ordinary law), Plummer MS. notes. conid sí cētchāin lāithir for nimh ┐ for talmain Cāin Adomnāin, Cáin Ad. 21 . brithimain cānae Adomnān, 37 . bendacht . . . for anmain Adamnán . . . / rolā cāin forsna clanna, Thes. ii 306.4 (Hy. i). crannaig cana Darí ┐ Moling, O'Curry 343 ( H 3.18, 191 ). ni fil dithach .i. cain Dari .i. cain boslechta dia mbe tuarasdal cana Patraic ag nech, 2577 ( Eg. 88, 48 (49)d ). C.¤ Domnaig, title of tract on the observation of Sunday, Anecd. iii 21 = Ériu xx 151 .

(b) legal due, tribute : commotatio martirum Petir ┐ Poil ┐ Phatraicc ad legem perficiendam i.e. to exact the `cáin', AU i 188.12 (see further Index s.v. law ). conid desin dliges Ciaran cana coidcenda fo Erinn, YBL 171b12 . oc denamh a chana levying his tribute, Anecd. ii 12.13 . fo chánaibh Chiaráin, AFM ii 1096.8 . maor cána Adhamhnáin, 620.20 . LU 9376 . fó óenmám ┐ fo chís ┐ fo ch.¤ , LL 116 . commeít a ḟeraind . . . gan ch.¤ . . . gan ecendáil, 10073 ( TBC-LL¹ 3029 ). tucadh . . . a chana dligid do C. . . . nai fichit bo . . . , RC xliii 12 § 5 . co tuc caín esti, RC xvii 402.10 (Tig.). co nderna . . . c.¤ for cach tūeth, ZCP viii 316.20 . fer cāna a tributary(?), xv 336 § 28 . c.¤ ar na cnoibh tax on nuts, Aithd. D. 1.24 . ní cíos a-mháin ar Mumhain / bhíos acht c.¤ Í Chonchubhair, 7.12 . tug iomad maoine ┐ mórchánach as (of Armagh), Keat. iii 2974 . ó initt go caisg gan c.¤ / acht madh páin ┐ bioror `without (receiving) tribute save only bread and cress', ZCP i 64 § 105 . ní thabair cóir ina gcána / cóir Danair dá rádha rú, IGT Decl. ex. 2163 . fáoigfidh leth a gcos ad chána / dá mbeth cros gach ágha d'fir, ex. 49 . c.¤, dubhchíos no custum, Ezra vii 24 . fuagraim oruibh cain bhrisde focal penalty fine for breaking one's word, Luc. Fid. 4341 . Atonement (esp. of Christ's a. for Adam's sin): emenda .i. c.¤ , Ir. Gl. 98 . crann díola croinn na cána, Aithd. D. 88.3 . an té do choill an gcánaigh, A. Ó Dálaigh xiii 1 . ag so dhuit, a Dhia . . . / . . . an chalann 'n-a cánaigh féin, DDána 62.13 . íc ruibh do chuid don chánaidh / d'ḟuil Ádhaim duid a Dhúilimh, IGT Decl. ex. 2164 . Note also: mar ch.¤ an pheacaidh, Donlevy 348.23 .

In phrase cen ch.¤ (cheville): na ceil orm innis cen chain / ca lín dofaeth dom deslaim, RC xxiii 420.9 . can ch.¤ , LL 4381 . Cf. cain .i. cainte, O'Curry 94 ( H 3.18, 66 ).

1 caín

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 caín or dil.ie/7787
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: caindeifriges, cainternais

adj i fine, good, fair, beautiful , etc. Of persons etc.: Bláán cáin Cinn Garad, Fél. Aug. 10 . C. ba cáin áge, July 6 . a phopa ch.¤ Conaire, BDD² 1175 . caínsi ch.¤ corcarda lais, 675 . caín tarb (caintarb, v.l.) (of Cet), Sc.M² 15 . coīn mīlid Ailill fri āgu, Corp. Gen. 8.13 . is cur c.¤ ¤ cathbúadach, LU 8956 ( FB 71 ). it caíni for slúaig, 5531 (TBC). am c.¤ (.i. ni ḟuil luib is chaime andú), LL 1555 . cid cáin lib in laechrad, IT i 77.9 (LMU). cáin cech culēn fó ṡaidh, Cáin Ad. 8 . aged chāin (: sōir), ACL iii 307 § 15 . ingen Chuinn an c[h]rotha caoin, ML² 810 . sé c.¤ ceilligi carthanach, Stair Erc. 1025 . Of an action: is cáin didiu a n-essimthecht `fair then is their going forth', Thes. i 495.19 (Ardm.). ? c.¤ forondar a chorp hi crú, LU 8339 ( FB 24 ) (see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 604 ). Of clothes: fúan c.¤ corcra, LU 8601 ( FB 45 ). ad-mestar cáircha assa comthlachtaib cóinib, ZCP xi 85 § 39f. lend bus caoin dath, ML² 513 . Of objects soft, smooth : ail chaoin cumdachta, Ériu xiii 30.29 . im iomdhaidh thaoibh chais chaoin, 28.22 . ag cennghail um charraic cháin, Acall. 858 . mess fás. fidh cáin. olcc bláth `smooth' (i.e. devoid of fruit ?), SG 80.8 . is c.¤ cech ard, LU 3915 ( SCC 43 ). ba c.¤ ind fhidchell, TBFr. 90 . Of speech etc. soft, gentle : guthán c.¤ , Ériu xviii 12 § 6 . caoin fuigheall fri heigsi, Ériu xiii 14.3 . labhra chaoin, DDána 13.4 . d'aitheasg chaoin, 17.15 . cómhrádh caoin gach naoimh, Párl. na mB. 889 . ceól caoin na bhfilídhe, 1633 . ar chruit chaoin, DDána 119.29 . comhairle ch.¤ , ML 6.22 . Of weather fine, clement : sína caíni . . . gaim c.¤ cuisnech (oppd. to sína saiba), ZCP xi 82 § 25 . In chevilles: caoin rath, Blathm. 4 . caoin sgel, 153 . In nn.loc.. crutti Caínbili o Ess Rúaid da n-airfitiud, LL 8816 ( TBC-LL¹ 1449 ). Cf. Cluain caín, Druim caín, Caíndruim etc., Hog. Onom. Adv. co c.¤ cennsa, Stair Erc. 2235 .

Compar. Ailenn . . . / caīnu dūn dindgnai, Corp. Gen. 8.17 . cainiu cach fiach, SR 2485 . cainiu fedaib, Auraic. 5550 . ba cæine side cach fichthill, ZCP iv 35.17 v.l. As superl.: cáiniu di ḟlaithib in domuin, TBC-LL¹ 5171 .

Superl. ǽ drobéssach caínem di thonemaib Heirenn, Trip.² 1695 . Crist ba caoinem clú, Blathm. 247 .

As subst. Of a person: caoin ó a bhfaghair fóirithin (of a bishop), Arch. Hib. i 97 xviii . caíni U. (three harpers), TBFr. 108 . See 2 caín.

Compds. Forms compds. with nouns, adjj. and in adverbial sense with verbs. In composition with verbs treated as unstressed prefix, see GOI § 384 . In later lang. such compds. treated as simple vbs. e.g. caindeifriges, Auraic. 985 ; cainternais (sic leg.), ML 162.22 . Also used to form artificial compds. in etymol. glosses. Some of the compds. included here could belong to cain.

With nouns: ar a chaonairilledh, Leb. Gab.(i) 226.2 . bindḟogur a gotha ┐ a caínurlabra, LL 7740 ( TBC-LL¹ 210 ). trisin cainaisṅdíis (ref. to bene gratias agis). Wb. 12d20 . ar cháinbésaib im chóemchostud na fledi, MU² 211 . a gcrabhadh ┐ a ccáoinbhesaibh, Ériu v 74.13 . cāemdūdracht, cāinbēsa, ZCP viii 215.2 . do cech eclais bís i cāinbéscnu, Cáin Ad. 36 . aitherrach cáinbescna daib fri Dia, Anecd. i 41.20 . ica tá caoin bleith (of metal), O'Dav. 200 . ropo chuiscle chaenbríg, LL 27008 . fo cháinbuide (: óenṡuidi) na ndrong, SR 6055 . atcota becdata cāinbude humility wins gratitude, Anecd. iii 11.7 . ech gach eamhain ina caoincennas coir, Ériu xiii 27.8 ( Laws v 62.21 Comm. ). biaidh bo fó chaoinchethair ar anair n-iorchoraigh, xiii 25.22 `there will be a cow four fair times (i.e. there will be four cows) for a full melodious anair' (verse dealing with the rewards due to various metres), Meyer, Misc. Hib. 22 . ¤-chomrac etc. see separate entries. do-rala caínchomrád etir Coin C. ┐ Emir, MU² 136 . tré . . . caencrabud B., Lism. L. 3330 . atcota cīall cáin-chruth, Anecd. iii 10.18 . Mock n.pr.: Caonchruth mac Caoindhelbha, ii 64.5 . fothughad a caen-daime budein, Laws v 52.17 Comm. ¤-dúthracht etc., see separate entries. céd corn caoinegair, Mart. Don. xxxvi 14 . co cathair na caenḟled, Gorm. Dec. 18 . a chaínfochell asar corp `fair wage', Wb. 15c24 . tabraid . . . cāinforgall, Thes. ii 306.2 (Hy. i). ní raba . . . bá moo eneach na caonfuarascaibh ionás renown, TFrag. 178.1 . ¤-ḟúairrech etc. see separate entries. sin chaóinfresdail ┐ fritheoladh, RC xxix 146 § 72 . nach claistear a gcaoinḟriotal gentle speech, Hackett² xviii 39 . tria caonGhaoidheilg, Hugh Roe² 244.7 (fo. 61a) . Maccæma Túath nDea dom ét iar mo caenghuide, RC xii 60 § 18 . huanaib cainimbedaib ilaigthib gl. multiplicatis benedictionibus, Ml. 105a7 . cāinlāech Luigdech, AID i 53 § 3 , Celtica xi 125 . ar chrábhadh na caoin-léaghan do rádh `to say a prayer(?)', Celt. Rev. x 134.12 . caín-leas, MR 160.5 . fó ṡídh ┐ fo chaoin loisi, AFM ii 1164.6 . triallais . . . caenmag, LL 15762 . naoi ccuill chaoinmhesa, Ériu xiii 26.20 . anruth .i. sruth cain molta uadh, Laws iv 358.21 Comm. concertfa caenrecht for iathu B., YBL 181a11 . act rocloor for cáinscéilsi a good account of you, Wb. 23b2 , cf. b41 . fer ro scríb . . . / cáinscéla Críst chrochthai, Fél. May 6 . rind caein-sholais Chaingcrech, MR 114.2 . gan dire do chreith caoinṡrothaib, Ériu xiii 17.13 . á caintaidlech gl. satisfactionem, Ml. 32b22 . cáinteist diib `good testimony', Wb. 23a23 . ic tabairt chaintestusa, LB 107a24 . caintír toirthech (? cain), SR 963 . déce do caerca caeintlachta, Leb. Gab.(i) 30.15 . teinniu achuinscliu caíntocud, LU 7385 . trí hingena berta seirc do cháinthocud, Triads 110 . iarsin chaíntoil gl. secundum bonum placitum, Wb. 20d19 . do lucht na cain toile, ITS xxix 144.2 . 'na sgéith chreidimh ┐ chaointoile, Parrth. Anma 5064 . cáintoimtiu diib `a fair opinion of you', Wb. 23a22 . adchonncadar . . . isan chaentracht clerech, RC xxvi 160 § 47 . iarna cáintuistin, SR 7999 .

With adjj.

(a) Dvandva compds.: tecait cāinḟinn / corra, ḟāilinn `fair white birds', K. and H. 18 § 27 . cāinmaith slān / Sīrne, Ält. ir. Dicht. i 29.27 .

(b) Adjj. derived from nouns: go cobhsaidh caoin-bhéasach, TSh. 1854 . do reir diancecht cainbrethaig fair-judging, Laws iii 362.4 Comm. ambreith Chaei Chaenbrethaig, Thr. Ir. Gl. 9.2 . Connla Caoinbhriathrach, Keat. iii 518 . Mock n.pr. Feli ingen Caoinchlothaigh, Anecd. ii 64.9 . is caínchomairlechu beith i ssíd, LL 31741 (TTr.). uo cōinchomráitech . . . na fēne re chéle , Fianaig. 64.4 . a sgiath . . . chaoindealbhach, ML 112.19 . in dearc . . . caen-dénmach beneficent, PH 5923 . cros caoindénmhach uas a cind, AFM iii 312.10 . caindénmide gl. benefica est, Ml. 25d4 (caindenminde, MS). caindéinmidi (-deimidi, MS) gl. beneficam, 120b6 . amal as dund chaindénmidiu gl. benefico, 33b9 . nadbi caínfoltach nibi caínfuillmech `he who is not well qualified is not well remunerated', Ériu xviii 47.5 ( Laws v 112.7 ). cluithche caoínmhenmnach, Ériu v 166.56 . easbog cáoinráidhtioch, Párl. na mB. 3794 . labrad uallach ┐ chaintoimtenach dib fadesin `proud and self-complaisant speech', Ml. 31b10 . See caínḟúairrech.

With verbs: cáin-airlice lend graciously(?), LU 3489 ( SCC 26 ). mani cáinairlither `unless thou take good heed', Wb. 5b38 . in tan na cain-biadhtar cain-scarat, Laws v 292.12 . nī bo fri óigthea acher / cāinbói (.i. cáin nobíid) fri lobru trúagu, Thes. ii 328.3 (Hy.v). la Dal Riada cainebar / . . . / lethdeog, Anecd. i 14.15 ( SCano 478 ) (ibid). cáineperr gl. bene dicitur, Sg. 215a3 . caínéra, LU 3489 ( SCC 26 ). caoin éranar muca mbroghtar ina muicthech, Ériu xiii 27.23 = amail atbeir isin bretha nemidh cain erenar muc mbrogtar ┐ rl., O'Curry 1451 ( H 3.18, 647b ) (as-ren). c.¤ feid a rosc, LU 8342 ( FB 24 ). c.¤ fera bodil di fodbaid ríg (rhet.), 6122 (TBC). c.¤ fúalaing fuither glaini sair, 8343 ( FB 24 ). inna caingnethi gl. bene acta, Ml. 22d18 . With in-láidi, see ind-láidi. cumala caínógat a ngnímu `who fulfil their services well', Críth G. 485 and n . caínoís, LU 3489 ( SCC 26 ) (oidid). cain rognatha (gníid), Ml. 39a24 . cáinscríbaimm, Thes. ii 290.11 . caínté im gaí cainte gaithe, LL 1570 (téit). cia tīasam cáin temadar (.i. alaind), Thes. ii 299.30 (Hy. i). in-díu trá cáin-timgarat, Lament 90.5 . inna caintinscantai gl. bene coepta, Ml. 131c18 . caín tintaé chucum, LU 8310 ( FB 23 ). is caintormachtae (do-formaig), Hib. Min. 13.451 . clanda caine caīntuismiter, ZCP xi 92 § 21 . amail bid cainullmaigthe, Hib. Min. 13.448 .

In etymol. glosses on con as conjunction and preverb: caoinberim nó caoinbritheamnaigim gl. conidbiur, O'Dav. 391 (cf. Ériu xiii 21.30 ). conamus . . . .i. . . . ro cainaimsighedh, Laws i 48.18 Comm. conaraig . . . .i. . . . ro chain-airgestair, v 292.14 Comm. ar na conderbathar .i. ar na caindiubarthar, iv 196.23 Comm. (2 do-rorban?).

In later lang. used as occas. alliterating ornament e.g. do chogair ┐ do chaoin-chomhairligh aige féin, ML 26.14 .

With vnn.: cuile iar cainbiathad, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 52.29 ( Laws ii 386.z ). a condaill .i. a caindeligud, Auraic. 1501 . na ro cuindrigther . . . .i. na dentar do caindirech, Laws i 192.8 Comm. (etymol. gl.). in chainepirt gl. benedictio, Ml. 137d6 . tosach cōru cāinepert, Anecd. iii 16.15 . is maith bar caeineiberta, SG 350.1 . ¤-gním, see separate entry.

cairigid(ir)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cairigid(ir) or dil.ie/7925

 

Forms: cairiugud, cairigthi

v (caire) rebukes, accuses, blames : cairighim .i. cronaighim, O'Cl.

(a) With personal obj.: cairigid gl. hunc notate, Wb. 26b26 . corripis malum .i. na m[mi]tter .i. dia cairigther, 1c10 . co ro chairig side in clérech, LU 336 (ACC). ro cairiged-som ó Mani co garb aire-sin, TFerbe 112 . ro cairigh co mór uí Néill, ┐ ro imcáin for Finachta, RC xxvii 298 § 65 . in t-ī is áintech, cairiged in craessach, PH 5826 . an tráth do choirigh Partholón í, Keat. i 160.1 .

With DI, IMM, I N- introd. charge or accusation: cairigsi a menma Ailill don gnim sin dogéni, LU 10729 ( TE 6 ). níros cairgetár imó pecdaib, 2209 ( FA 28 ). ro chairigestar a muime co mór ind cuius rei causa . . . increpabat , Trip.² 146 . ar chaoi . . . nach cairighdis a chéle im na ciontaibh `vpbraide ech other of the faults', RSClára 101b .

(b) With word indicating crime, fault etc. as obj.: cairigthir gl. furor . . . notatur, Ml. 16c16 . ní chairigedar `does not blame it', 36a20 . c.¤ gl. notat vitium, 39 . is hed in so no chairigur i tossuch, Wb. 11d1 . araill tra cairigedar-som sunda `other things . . . which he blames here', 25b9 . cosced (cairiged, v.l.) indliged, Tec. Corm. 2.12 . With prep. FOR introd. accused: is aire chairigthir for Eōraip, Corp. Gen. 279 . 28 `darum wird Europa gerichtet werden', ZCP xiv 162 . cairighid A. fair fein inní sin, TE 6 Eg. ( IT i 121.11 ). cuireocha misi ort é i láthair go ndearnabhar claoinbhreith, Maguires of F. 18 .

Vn. cairiugud. Vbl. of necess. cairigthi.

céile

Cite this: eDIL s.v. céile or dil.ie/8452
Last Revised: 2013

 

n io, m. See Zimmer, KZ xxx 35 - 43 . Except somet. in legal sense (d) usually with prec. possess. or follg. gen. and tending to function as a pronoun rather than as an ordinary noun. The main meanings as noun are client and fellow , the term always implying a relationship. It is doubtful (see Zimmer) whether this was originally one of inferiority or one of equality.

(a) servant, bondsman, vassal, subject : `ceile' as ainm do gach oglách, Metr. Gl. 28 § 45 . c.¤ .i. óglach, O'Cl. húasal-athraig, cliatha fáithi, / do Chríst cíaptar céli, Fél. Ep. 14 ( ceile .i. cara, O'Dav. 438 ). á Chríst dianda chéle , 307 . imcomairc . . . do Láeg cia díambo chéli, LU 5598 . céli in báis .i. ar n-oirchindech (of the devil), PH 2046 . diamba chéle Maic Maire if thou be a vassal of Mary's Son, Ériu i 200. 3 .

(b) In phr. c.¤ Dé = eccles. Lat. servus Dei ( Thes. ii 265.5 from Ardm. 11ra ). Cf. is cele dǽ infer hisin, Ml. 30c3 . Freq. as name of member of a class of religious distinguished by special observances and practices, appar. of a stricter nature than those of others. Hence Engl. Culdee , in pl. also Keledei, Colidei . The precise connotation of the term is uncertain. See Reeves (W.), The Culdees of the British Islands, Dublin 1864 ( Trans. RIA xxiv ), Stokes, Fél. Introd. xxvii f. ; Mon. Tall. 122 - 3 , Rule of Tall. ainmne ilao ┐ in naidchi ni longe colonge celede remut no fer fa sruithiu, Reeves Culdees 145 (Life of S. Findan). lasna celiu dé, Mon. Tall. 142.26 . Óengus céle Dé, SR 8009 (see Introd. i, Fél. Introd. xxvii , Murphy Lyrics 188 and note). In follg. perh. monk, religious in general: tailcid dail dun, a cheliu de (sic leg.), Vita Br. 37 (of lepers. `O ye clients of God', Ir. Hist. Stud. i 131 ). forórcóngart for céli nDé día muintir (of Patrick), Trip.² 2325 . ní damsa a Gúaire for in céli Dé, LU 9660 . cunice aníu . . . nirom comhairmeadh-sa . . . etir celiuda Dé ┐ bhochta ┐ lobhrai, Lism. L. 1584 . a sruithe ┐ a céledha Dé friars (of a monastery), Hugh Roe² 32.25 . cind chéledh nde Cluana mic Nois, AFM ii 1040.7 . In transl. text of Indian Brahmans (see Reeves Culdees ix): nī do aittrebtaidib an betha frecnairc duinni . . . acht as celi De atancomnaic, Anecd. v 5. 18 (Alex.).

(c) Hence in nn. pr. of clerics: Céle Críst, Fél. Mar. 3 . Cele Dulaisi, AFM i 348.15 . Cele íosa, 422.6 . See Reeves Culdees 4 .

(d) Legal of the recipient of a fief (repaid in kind) from the `flaith' (lord), liege, vassal . See Críth G. p. 80 (`client', Vocab.). flaith ┐ a ceile, Laws v 480.14 . i taurchreicc c.¤ , Críth G. 252 . aire désa . . . deich céli leis, 330 . céle cháich i gcomhair a choimdhedha, Ériu xiii 20.2 ( .i. gilla, O'Dav. 387 ). tigernbhard as tigernasidhe cona dhibh célibh décc lais, 42.15 . ceili fuisidni . . . fosesedar flaith hi celi ┐ amos do, O'Curry 888 ( H 3.18, 396b ) (hence owing military service?). ní do-beir flaith dia chéliu, Ériu xvii 66 § 7 . iar n-airitin tra sét ar bes n-aircenda onaib ceilib dona flathib is ainm aigille donaib célib, Corm. 5 . céili drochluige `clients of (a lord of) bad oaths', Blathm. 256 . See doír, fáes(s)am, faísitiu, gíallnae, saer.

(e) fellow, companion (like the feudal Lat. comes, Irish Kings and High-Kings 28 ), ` opposite number', other one, neighbour (in N.T. sense): huadsom dia cheliu `from himself to his fellow', Ml. 59a15 . digail duthabairt forru amal aceliu `like their fellows', 80d4 . andugniat ar céli, Wb. 10c21 . mad cumme imned ácheli et aimned fessin, gl. alter alterius etc., 20c6 . nadecad indán doradad dó fessin acht dán ácheli gl. aliorum, 23c16 . foditiu fochide duib-si . . . gním pectho do bar célib `fellows', 25d8 . arnaérbarthar frinn anasrobrad friarceiliu `to our fellows', 33b16 . condernain hicutrummus frimcheliu that I should do as the others do, PCr. 2a2 . fer tailge a ceathra a n-athbothar a ceile `neighbour', Laws v 464.7 . co fuaratar a cele isind apdaine, Mon. Tall. 162.30 . gessa Lóch . . . amal a chéliu the others (i.e. those who had already been persuaded to fight Cú Chulaind), LU 6104 . luid . . . i ndegaid a cheli (i.e. Cú Chulainn after Lóegaire and Conall), 8828 ( FB 62 ). a chéli the other, MU² 999 (LU). a chéli . . . immuich, 977 . to-fil far céliu chucaib your adversaries, 968 . scorit a nneocho oc commor māna ┐ aba allandeas ūas dūn a chēle above the fort of the others, TBC-I¹ 630 (with fixed sg. masc. possess., see Stories fr. Táin Vocab. s.v. céile and (i) below). doneoch ro cachnutar a ceile reimib `predecessors', Laws i 24.7 Comm. ciped chia díb nomarbtha artús adigail diacheiliu, RC iii 183.8 . do badh é a ch.¤ c.¤ cleath Dor match, DDána 85.34 . amail a cceliu `like the rest', Hugh Roe² 190.2 . Rarely of things: in lomrad tar héisi a chéli a shearing for a shearing, ZCP viii 311.31 . docurethar in lia forru anair ┐ a chéli aníar ara cend another from the west, TBC-I¹ 1416 .

(f) With qual. gen.: do dhá ch.¤ cláir, DDána 91.39 expld. as `dhá chlár chosmhail', Vocab. c.¤ comairce naoimh `an attendant guardian saint', Keat. iii 1785 . ar a ch.¤ comhaoise his coeval, TSh. 2256 . ré a ch.¤ chomhloinn `opponent', TD 10.4 . ceile connmala an comtruim (panegyric of a chieftain), ZCP ii 349.31 . do nós mhná re a c.¤ cuil `her unlawful mate', TD 1.56 . fad ch.¤ cumuinn `thy lover', O'Hara 3216 . c.¤ sealga, IGT Decl. ex. 1104 .

(g) husband : amal tiagtae mná hua célib cofiru aili, Ml. 125a2 . céle más gl. maritus, Sg. 60a3 . céle ingine gl. generi, 100a6 . cen athcomarcc dia celiu without her husband's permission, Laws v 384.5 . a inchaib maic no chéli, Críth G. 484 . mac mná nad festar céle, Imr. Brain 26 . nīcon tērglansam-ni céli diar n-ingin, Fing. R. 391 . ni fhaienn cele la hingin dibh, Marco P. 102 .

(h) Rarely wife : bás a chlainne sa ch.¤ , Arch. Hib. i 98 § VIII . bai dh'imad cheiledh lais, Marco P. 156 .

(i) With more specifically pronominal force ( one , etc. . . .) the other : íroimed cách achéele per caritatem gl. suscipite uos inuicem, Wb. 6d4 . na tiubrad cách achéle gl. nolite frudare inuicem, 9d20 . ni derban cách a chele `neither hinders the other', Thes. ii 294 § 7 . co 'mmáromarba cách díb a chéli, LU 8085 ( FB 6 ). ag ár ┐ oirlech aroile ┐ a cheile, L. Chl. S. 18 . inber bud domni a cheili the deepest estuaries, CRR 25 ( LL 23010 ). nībo mōo in band oldās a chēle , TBC-I¹ 517 . With prec. prep. ascoir dochách guide dée liachéle `on behalf of the other', Wb. 7a13 . ainmne dochach fri[a] ch.¤ gl. supportantes inuicem, 27b17 . oc imchossnam techta ar thossaig cách ríana chéli, LU 8261 ( FB 20 ). do neoch díb sech a chéli, 9170 ( 90 ). ní cúis do dhul fá ch.¤ no reason to attack one another, Content. xviii 5 . noch dhlighid uile dha chéle `which they al ought to haue togeather', RSClára 134a . dealuighidh . . . ó ch.¤ = separateth, Proverbs xvi 28 . ubullchless án (= ón) méor co a chéli from one finger to the other, MU² 648 . ón chluais go ch.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 1376 . da gach cill ina cele, RC xiv 36 § 29 . 'gá cur don glún 'na chéle , CF² 540 . iiii la co ceile onwards, RC xlix 52 § 20 .

(j) In adverbial phrases. i ndáil a chéle towards each other Ériu xv 72 (78a) . i ndegaid, tar éis a ch.¤ one after the other, successively, gradually : i ndeguid a chele , Laws ii 84.2 Comm. a ndiaig a ch.¤ , Párl. na mB. 1591 . a bhfuair mé / d'easláinte d'éis a ch.¤ , Dán Dé xiii 3 . tar eis a ceile gradually , Rosa Angl. 10.3 . ar lorg a cheile in unbroken continuity (of the Faith), Luc. Fid. 5861 . le ch.¤ together, altogether, completely : le ch.¤ gur chaitheas m'aimsir, DDána 26.33 . doconncatar re céle sin `they both saw it', ZCP iv 324 ( BCC 102 ). fuairsead lé ch.¤ a g-crádh leam, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 380.7 . le ch.¤ is an chroch together with, DDána 21.16 . Cf. 99.21 . an t-anam araon / le ch.¤ is an chalann, Dán Dé ix 15 . cuirid 'na ch.¤ puts together, mends , etc.: an síodh cuirthior 'n-a ch.¤ a patched up peace, O'Hara 1279 . a chur ina ceile to put it together again (a broken sword), Grail 4045 . is amlaid cuirther cach ana chéli d'foghlachaib na h-aimsire `thus are the different divisions of time proportioned to each other', MR 108.7 . gan dá chonnsuine ar bioth do chur na ch.¤ d'ogham acht a ccurp comhfhocuil amháin that no two consonants should be assimilated to each other, IGT Introd. 3.3 . Note also: an clúmh ┐ an luaith do chor tréna ch.¤ to mix, TSh. 174 . ? suirghe do-chóidh 'n-a ch.¤ , DDána 40.25 . ó 'dchonnairc L. na catha ar ndul trí n-a ch.¤ saw the battalions become entangled, Ériu i 88 § 34 . in sluagh do dhul trid a cheile, AU iii 610.11 . as a ch.¤ asunder , TSh. 5696 .

1 cenn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cenn or dil.ie/8622
Last Revised: 2020

 

Forms: cend, ch., cenna, ciunn, cinn, cenda, cinnu, cind, cind, cinnu, cionn, ceann, cionn, cionn, ceinn

n o, n., later m. n p. cend, LU 9385 . ? a p. ch.¤ , Sg. 54a11 . n a p. usually cenna. On d s. ciunn, cinn see GOI 177 . For masc. infl. in pl. cf. a p. cenda, TBC-I¹ 483 = cinnu, LU 4970 . n p. cind, FA 22 LB. cind `chiefs', Laws v 440.23 . a p. cinnu, LL 8132 . In later lang. both cionn (O. Ir. ciunn) and ceann occur in d s. (see Donl., Párl. na mB.), the former mainly in fixed prepositional expressions (ós cionn , etc.). a s. cionn, Beatha S. F. 2567 . g s. ceinn, Párl. na mB. 535 , n p. Keat. i 196.15 . IGT Decl. § 65 .

Note also: for ar ceinn, Vita Br. 24 . in ch.¤ cleasach . . . Tesifóne, MR 168.6 . iar ndenamh creiche chinne maghair (n. loc.), AFM iv 1356.6 .

I The human head, head of an animal .

1 cend a uerbo graeco .i. gennome (γίνομαι) .i. nascor, O'Mulc. 217 . donchind gl. capiti, Gild. Lor. 102 . du-uic in foiltne i ndiad in chínn, Ml. 84c24 . mani roima fora c.¤ ní mema forsna bullu, 89c11 . beim a cinn fri cloich, 139c3 . ammi corp do Crist et is c.¤ som duunni, Wb. 5d2 . airmitiu féid in chinn, 7d14 . cen chaille fora ciunn, 11c9 . in boill dó ass ón chiunn, 22a17 . adart foch., Sg. 198a10 . dim chinn, Blathm. 95 § 17 . oc folcad chinn a athar, Vita Br. 15 . airecc cinn Iohannis, Fél. Feb. 27 . contt cēill ciunn curp in sense, reason, head and body , ZCP vi 258.10 . rochromsat a ccinnu, ZCP xiv 234.5 . imruidbed mo tenga as mo chind, Ériu ii 102 § 9 . madit a shuili inna cinn, 122 § 61 . amhuil chinn ina bhalluibh, Luc. Fid. 3454 . Of a head of hair: ceinn-fhionna (sic) do bhíodh ar fhearaibh Éireann re n-a linn `white heads', Keat. i 196.15 (see cenann).

2 In phrase with follg. gen. forming n. pr.: Coirpri Cind cait Cathead , Cóir Anm. 241 . C.¤ Fáelad Wolfhead , see Corp. Gen. 541 - 2 . Cend Ghegain, IT iii 101 § 183 . Finguine mac Laeghaire Cenngégain, Cog. 18 (see also s.v. cinnchucán). Eochaidh cendmhairc Horsehead , Miscell. Celt. Soc. 6.8 . da ingin dec ailella cind nathrach Snakehead , Rawl. 134b18 .

3 Of the head cut off in battle: fris-cithsead far cenna díb, BDD² 869 . tri laíchcind . . . im chend do chétmeic, LL 13149 (Sc.M2). co fargaibhset xl c.¤ lais, AFM i 498.2 . So in phr. ár c.¤ = ár: co fargaibset ár cend aicce, LL 2536 . cor' ben a ngabala dib ┐ ár cend leo, RC xvii 354.4 .

4 Attrib. g s.: na heónu / cosna ceólu cinn-sin (sic leg.) shrill notes, Metr. Dinds. iv 214.68 . Cf. gotha cinn . . . ag báinealtoin, Ir. Syll. Poetry 71 § 5 . See Études Celt. iv 397 . iter chosa cinn ┐ cos[a] tóna front legs , Thr. Ir. Gl. 26 . nocha bán-bhéim acht cneadh chinn head-wound, serious wound , Miscell. Celt. Soc. 162.9 . ? secht ccumala cinn, Ériu xiii 22.24 . gilla cinn eich gl. auriga, Ir. Gl. 17 . laicce chinn, RSClára 4a . go mbeith rith chinn ré fānaidh aco ar gach n-aon eile would completely outdistance, would utterly rout(?), Párl. na mB. 99 .

Vendryes, Études Celt. iv 397 , cites BDD² 886 and We. parallels in support of a meaning mouth.

5 In various idiomatic phrases: ro héige in ben nert a cind at the top of her voice, SR 3215 . conā fāgad inad a chind for bith that he might find no abiding-place, TBC-I¹ 2214 . o cionn co fonn from tip to toe, Blathm. 152 . nom-loiscc eter chend is choiss completely , Ériu vii 223 § 34 . dia cennaib ┐ cosaib utterly, entirely , LB 115b42 . bein cinn fri hald `striking a head against a cliff' (of wasted labour), RC xii 96 § 127 . co ro benad a tech dia chind `unroofed his house', RC xxiv 46 § 4 . roloiscedh . . . a ndúin . . . ina cendaibh, Ériu v 158.215 . a ndiaidh a gcinn headlong , Donlevy xviii 25 . an ceann fá dhruim head first (coffin lowered into grave), Dán Dé xxix 7 . co mbiat cend ar díb cendaib (of a fierce battle), TTr.² 907 . ar ba `c.¤ i mbolg' . . . do ṡil Adhuimh were in complete ignorance, Ériu ii 98 § 1 = ba-c.¤ a-coim, RC xxiv 369.6 , cf. Études Celt. vi 201 . cend i cotlud a peaceful death(?), Ériu ii 118 § 54 . ? ní bheinn teann ar chlíabh a cill / sní bhíadh mo cheann a cuigind, IGT Decl. ex. 1400 . c.¤ a ngabal `head in fork' (bad behaviour in a horse), Laws iii 180.18 Comm. c.¤ i láp see láp. c.¤ i, fo muine see 1 muine. ? fír, ol Óengus, Fergas cend fo raithin, Trip.² 1495 .

6 Of a single animal, etc.: do mac Loigsiu pa mōr ngō / ar in āincend an cēt mbō, ACL iii 2.12 . Note also: aon bhuaidhreadh amháin . . . an dara ceann, De Imit. 29.23 . ? robii cosnom im oenchend `there may be strife about one head' (Faraday), TBC-I¹ 1730 .

7 Various: ceann cait owl , Párl. na mB. 1452 . go dul tar ceannaibh cuan, Measgra D. 48.8 ` billow, breaker ', Gloss.

8 In various idioms with prec. vb.: ni mo tarrthus cend furre no forin gaeth `it was no more possible to get hold of her than of the wind', Aen. 649 . do-fócaib c.¤ appears see do-fócaib (D 269.36 ff.). ? immicurtis iarum cenna sechaiseom darsi ṅGairb sair ┐ siar eter Laigniu ┐ Ossairge, LL 36728 . tug a ch.¤ a n-inisle iomagallaimhe orra `entered into converse', ITS v 112.17 . no indsaiged in Troianda . . . congebead cend in Grecdai ┐ no indsaiged in Grecda . . . co ngebid cend in Tr. ┐ combdis cind ar cind, BB 435b22 .

9 Of buildings roof: ni rabi cenn for tempul Fidnacha in tan-sin, Ann. Conn. 1244.5 . c.¤ co claradh oir for tor dibh, Marco P. 117 . c.¤ Frangcach `a ribbed vault, a groined roof ' (Meyer Contribb.), AU iii 161.8 . don chend luaidhe boí for tempall an bhaile, AFM vi 1956.16 . Note also: roclúdadh na lestra fóa ccennuibh covers, tops , Ériu xiii 24.22 .

II End, end-point, termination.

10 In concrete applications: c.¤ cridi gl. uiscus, uisceris, Sg. 111b5 . nóe cend nine tips(?), LU 9835 . achind dochnama, IT iii 103.19 . a-cinn a-cruibh, RC xxiv 377.1 , .3 . cennæ na ngái, Liad. and Cuir. 12.9 . ceand muilind `the head of a mill', Ériu xvii 70 § 12 gl. 3 ( Laws iv 214.29 Comm. ). laim re ceand in droichid, Ériu xvii 72 § 13 gl. 10 . comrad chindcherchailli, TBC-LL¹ 3 . mó ná cliab co cendaib dés ` sheaves ', Metr. Dinds. iv 138.81 . do bhalad cinn én coinnle, RC xxiv 383.33 . dealg do chennaib óigsgech, IGT Decl. ex. 1082 . Metr. aisde cind tṡinte, IGT Metr. Faults §§ 48 , 49 . co casbairn chinn truim, Decl.ex. 623 (see cenntromm).

11 Of territories: a tá isin chionnsa thes (of a hill), SG 118.10 . isin c.¤ ba nesa dó don tír, AFM vi 2056.19 . i cind Maige Dála at the end of Magh Dala, Ériu i 132.74 . Of journeys: a gceann uidhe their objective, O'Hara 1241 . ceann bhar gcoimhleanga, DDána 74.56 . is iomdha slighe . . . / 's a ceann go magh nimh a-nonn, Dán Dé xxiii 4 .

12 Abstract applications: ceann m'aradhna ná léig lim let me not hold mine own bridle, IGT Decl. ex. 311 . sa chionn cunntuis in the account, Fl. Earls 90.13 . ní ricfa c.¤ scéoil úainne tar tech not a whisper of it will get out of this house, TTr.² 1796 . Of time: ar c.¤ fri c.¤ Enair `our end against the head of January' (i.e. 31 Dec. and 1 Jan.), Fél. Ep. 8 . c.¤ do shaoghail, BNnÉ 293 § 12 v.l. For sa cheann cháol etc. see cáel. do cheann don dáil `what you shall get in this affair', Content. xxvii 15 .

13 Of the end or completion of an affair, etc.: foruirmed c.¤ forsnaib cotarsnaib gl. aduersa nostra . . . constant inpleta, Ml. 74c20 . ni tucthar c.¤ essib gl. genelogís interminatís, Wb. 27d22 . oc tabairt chind for airimmeirt sluaigh ┐ shochaidhi, TTr.² 310 ( LL 400b10 ). cend ┐ forcenn air sin that's enough of that(?), Acall. 5361 . ní bia cend for th'ermitin `there shall be no limit to thy dignity', Celtica iv 16.180 .

III Of persons, chief, head person, leader.

14 Legal: nad cennaib coirib comallat, ZCP xiv 379 § 43 `cond . . . den voll Geschäftsfähigen. Die andern haben einen cond als c. `Haupt' über sich, der sie `unterstüzt', für sie in ihren Sachen spricht, etc. ', 380 . rí bunaid cach cinn, Críth G. 447 `caput, head of family, individual', Vocab. fortét cech c.¤ ba tressa(i) inní bes étressa, 474 . c.¤ caich iar nduinib i fine besid sruithe, ZCP xiv 369 § 31 ( Laws ii 278.21 ). cend cartus a memar a chief who rejects his tenant, Laws v 164.19 Comm. dlegaid cind cuindreach `the chiefs are bound to rectify', 440.23 . cach cind (sic MS) a chonrach, ACL iii 227.31 .

15 In non-legal contexts: cend do ḟeraib Herenn Patraic, Thes. ii 326.32 (Hy. iv gl.). for bélaib a cind ┐ a tigernad, Alex. 274 . M. . . . fa chend ar clēirchib, ZCP viii 120.5 . na cinn clāena cin crābud `the wicked, impious chiefs', Ériu iii 30 § 8 . a cheann féin `his Master', PBocht 11.20 .

16 With follg. noun in gen. indicating category of persons: c.¤ bocht almoner (?), AU ii 32.4 . c.¤ cáid caillech n-Érenn, Fél. Feb. 1 . cend degban is deorad, SG 64.35 . c.¤ fedna see fedan. c.¤ fine head of family or clan: lochdach an Róisdeach achd ón chionn fhine, IGT Decl. 7.14 . da ch.¤ fhine ina ionad, AFM iv 1146.16 . i ndioghail a ccind ḟine, iii 404.z . i ndegaid in chinn manach the abbot, Ériu iii 100 § 25c . c.¤ in réclessa, Ríocht na Midhe viii 15 . c.¤ sluag fer Fáil, Trip.² 1793 v.l. Cf. also: is cend daim for dartoid [.i.] mōrpersan for becphopul, O'Mulc. 753 .

17 With follg. gen. of abstr.: c.¤ athchomairc see athchomarc. ar gceann bāidhei-ne an bhean our chief love (of Mary), Dán Dé ii 29 . cend cathaigthe as chalma ro bai do Leith Mogha battle-leader , RC xviii 11.24 . a Chind, coisc na crích (a chind coisc ?), Ériu vii 221 § 22 . c.¤ comairle cuindrig muintire fri comairle comneirt, ‘a “head of counsel” who controls the household with advice of equal strength’, CL 240.3 . nach ben forsa-mbe c.¤ comuirle, ZCP xiv 375 § 38 . cenn comuirle ┐ adchomairc fer mBregh n-uile, 'chief counsellor and consultant of the men of all Brega', AU² 374.6 . in fer ba húasle ┐ ba mó rath issin túaith iss e ba cend comairle do chách, LL 118 . co tech ar cind comairle, ‘to our counsellor’s house’, Éigse vii 77 §11 . cend crabaid ermoir Erenn paragon of piety, RC xxvi 362.2 . gan chend cundraid na comairle rempo, LL 12344 (TBC). uair robesin cend gaili . . . sluaig, Cog. 194. 29 . c.¤ ecna . . . iartair domain, CS 320.9 . c.¤ cech erais, Fél. Apr. 23 . in bandea ingen Terrae cend scaílti scél in betha chief disseminator of news, LL 31001 (TTr.). a chend sochair slúaig Ulad chief benefactor, MU² 58 . In follg. perh. headquarters, centre : uail (= bhail) itā ceand in cogaidh, ZCP viii 115.18 . baili i mbai cend ídlachta ┐ druídechta na Héirenn, Trip.² 431 . flaitheas Dé is ceann chomhsanta dhúinne, Eochairsg. 98.25 ( end, goal ?).

IV Used in a wide variety of adverbial and prepositional phrases.

18 cinn at the end of (see 33, 40, 52) (ciunn, cinn, dative without preposition, GOI 537 ): cinn rehe gl. secundum hoc tempus, Wb. 4c11 . cinn blíadnae at the end of a year, Fél. Sept. 17 . cind .ix. mís, LU 1662 . cind in tres laí, 7977 (BDD). cind cethri ndíni `at the end of four genera- tions', Arch. Hib. ii 48 § 1 . cind mile bliadan, Ériu ii 132 § 109 .

19 In phr. cinn chomair: nó huachiunn chomair gl. e rigione `or, from before', Ml. 119a9 (`von dem Anfang der Richtung', Ped. KZ xxxv 435 ). fri re mis cind comar, AU ii 88.x . Usually of place (see 28, 31): cinn chomair gl. contra (solem), BCr. 33c17 . for in phurt cind chomair dó `opposite to him', RC xiv 406.1 ( LL 12675 ). cind comair frissin ṁbeist n-amnais, LL 398b18 = cinnchomair, TTr.² 148 . i cinncomair friu opposite them, CCath. 5561 . ro badhusa cind comraic riusom, Acall. 6795 . Cf. i comair chind airtherthuascertaig, LL 3865 = hi comardus cind, etc., RC xv 283 § 29 .

Usually with prec. prep. In the follg. sections the arrangement is according to the preceding preposition, with which an adverbial in addition to a prepositional phrase is frequently formed. In a number of cases meanings under various prepositions coincide.

With A.

20 In sense of ós ciunn (60): asa chind guarding him, Metr. Dinds. iv 358.94 . ata M. . . . asa mo chind-sa oc fúr m'anma, PH 806 . batar a cind na cathrach who were over the city, 2488 . In diff. sense: as a cheann féin `of his own Head' (of his own accord), Donlevy 330.16 . The follg. are obscure (leg. ar for as in one or more of the exx. ?): cen ascur sáitha asa chiunn `without remission of tribulation from His presence(?)' (in store for him ?), Wb. 25d16 . conid ari rogabad al-lam a pardus dochum gortæ ┐ bochtæ . . . ┐ bais ┐ hifirn asa cind `thenceforth', Ériu vii 164 § 8 . ? gidh bé do cuir asa chionn `it matters not whom he drove from his head' (Notes), Duan. F. i 32.20 . Perh. in literal sense: in t-ēolus-[s]a rádi rimm, / ferr duit nā cloisti as do chínn, ZCP xiii 3 § 2 .

With AR (see also 42).

21 ar chenn with vbs. of motion towards, in the direction of, to meet (see 39, 45): ceni esǽrsitis in choirp ara c.¤ `to meet them', Ml. 15c8 . condaáerset do failti ar ch.¤ a rríg to welcome their King, 46a12 . ara cénn gl. occurrentes, 60d5 . do-luid in biail arithissi ar ch.¤ inna samthige came back to the handle, Tur. 131 . techt ar ch.¤ Crist, Wb. 25d25 . co toracht Emain Macha ar cend Conchobair, LU 8073 ( FB 4 ). ní-s-cuirfind techta ar dho chend-sa, PH 450 . canat biet in alltair / ar ch.¤ clocáin don phroindtig at the sound of the refectory bell, Ériu iii 102 § 28 . gearr go dtiocfa teachtaire / . . . / ar do cheann, DDána 56.1 . docuaidh . . . arcinn na conuire a ticcidh aran sliabh `went to the road', ZCP vi 56.8 . Cf. airg ┐ áird-leasdair . . . do chomdhlúthúghadh ar cheann na céd aimsire do thairrngir D. . . . dhóib `against', ML 6.25 .

22 Of going to meet in battle: ara chend dait a Fergus, LU 6698 . rotbīa F. . . . ar ndul ar c[h]end ind ḟir ucut, TBC-I¹ 1247 (LU).

23 In sense of going or coming for, to fetch someth.: is ar ch.¤ focheda dodechommar `to meet suffering', Wb. 25a12 . tecat ar ch.¤ in chon co sochruid to fetch the hound, Sc.M² 4 . dula uaimm ar do chend-su to fetch you, PH 446 . teacht ar ceand cind duine isinn ārmuig, RC xxiv 58 § 18 . in lind ara tánac c.¤ the water for which thou camest, Ériu iv 106.7 . ? ochd bhféinnidhe as ḟearr a n-ágh / ar ceann t'éindighi d'fúarán, IGT Decl. ex. 1333 . socraiti do dol . . . ar cend artraige dochum Domnaill, Ann. Conn. 1248.5 . Note also: do lleblaing int écne ara chend (ref. to ordnasc f.), TBFr. 208 , cf. Meyer Contribb., Fraech p. 35 .

24 In meanings of tar c.¤ (66-70) (confusion of prepp.): cuirtha cumtaige ara cend `buildings were overthrown', KMMisc. 152.62 . ar cinn a chesta ┐ a caingne, Anecd. i 42.9 . tagra . . . do thagras ar cheann Mumhan on behalf of, Content. xviii 12 .

25 ar chiunn of time in the future, afterwards, later : frisnaccai archiunn gl. ad aliquam rem, Ml. 53b23 . artha ciúnn són gl. in posteram, 132a3 (see note). ar chinn gl. adhuc, Wb. 2a9 . archiunn . . . diéis gl. siue ante seu retro, BCr. 31b4 - 5 . ar oman imtormaich ina pecad ar chiund future sins, Ériu xix 58 § 6 . in maith iar cind future good, LU 9889 (for ar ch.¤ ?). rogabsat flaith ar chiund from then on, ZCP viii 313.21 . doairchaintis . . . anno bíth ar chind dóib, Trip.² 327 . ? mod airchiund di lubair a disposition ready for work(?), Rawl. B 512, 40c (Plummer MS. notes).

26 ar chiunn as quasi-adj. of points of time next, following, ensuing (in later lang. somet. with (i)ar in this use): san aidhchi ar chínd, BB 39b6 . co belltaine ar cind, BColm. 92.2 . an bliadhain ar ccionn, Leb. Gab.(i) 56.4 . isin laithe ar ccind, 146.2 . In later lang. also as prep. with poss. in this sense: go medhōn oidhche buī ar a gcionn, Fl. Earls 8.20 . go Bealltaine ar a gcionn till the following May, Keat. ii 3137 . See 38 .

27 ar chiunn in textual reff. below, in what follows; later, following : forsin canoin ar chiunn `on the following Scripture passage', Ml. 54c34 . trachtad . . . forsa nouit ar chiunn `on nouit that follows', 64a7 . in testimin ar chiunn `the following text', 104b3 . titul in dligid ar chinn, Wb. 10a12 . ata ní ar chiunn, Sg. 39b10 .

28 ar chiunn in front of, before (see 19): córus dúne ríg . . . ar chi[u]nn a thúaithe, Críth G. 566 `vis-à-vis', Vocab. bui siom oc huamim ara cind `before her', Mon. Tall. 149.18 . co nacca ara chind in fer, TBC-I¹ 448 . Cf. muir ara cendaib, in nem huasa ṁbennaib, 3006 . amail nobeith beo ar a chind as if he were alive in front of him, ACL iii 5.5 .

29 ar chiunn awaiting, ready for, in anticipation of (someone or someth. arriving): biid ersoilcthi ar chiunn for ríg gl. eliuamini, portae aeternales, Ml. 46a7 . ni farnic-sede nach maid ara chiun isin domun, Wb. 2a21 . ar ar ciunn-[n]i `against our coming', 25a33 . anais ar cionn antsluaigh `waited for', Blathm. 102 § 41 . co fuaratar a cele isind apdaine ara cind `on their arrival', Mon. Tall. 162.30 . aínínbuidh na fuair acht triur ar a chinn thall isin fíne (of a man who has joined or rejoined the tribe from outside), Laws iv 294.26 Comm. ar cinn ṡamraid at the arrival of summer, ZCP vii 310 § 8 . dá rabh a Rí na glóire / . . . / do mhaor ar chionn na coinnmhe / liom if Thy steward receive the company, Dán Dé xiv 11 . ar cinn chamhárach before daybreak, IGT Decl. ex. 1195 . ar cinn in lae, Fier. 135 . With petrified masc. poss.: arna beith ar a chind `in her way', RC xi 452.2 , cf. Meyer Contribb.

30 ar chiunn of time in store for (see 51): a fil ar mo chiunn gl. ad destinatum, Wb. 24a15 . cén bes fine ar a cinn as long as he has descendants, Laws iv 240.19 Comm. a n-airchend fil ar ar cinn the destiny which awaits us, Ériu i 68.12 . fuair Poimp bas ┐ fuair cidh Cesair ara cind afterwards, CCath. 8308 .

31 ci(u)nn ar chi(u)nn face to face, at grips (see 19, 54): atraig cach fer di alailiu . . . co m-bátar cind ar chind is taig, IT i 67 (LMU). fíal tened ┐ fíal d'aigriud . . . cind ar cind, LU 2067 ( FA 14 , cf. RC xxvi 148 § 27 ). inn-uair dobímmis cind ar chind, RC vii 302.1 . as and baoi Laogh ┐ a brathoir ciond ar ciond, ZCP x 295.27 . cind ar cind fri Dunchad, Ériu v 242.153 .

With co.

32 co c.¤ to the end, to completion (see 43): berthi leiss co c.¤ gl. perficiet, Wb. 23a19 . ní dernad in cnocc co c.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 44.79 . is co cend in cuidbiud the mockery has come to a head, Ériu i 118 § 10 . Cheville: céim co cend, Metr. Dinds. iv 26.9 .

33 co c.¤ with nouns indicating periods of time till the end of, for the duration of (see 18, 40, 52): co c.¤ blīadne, Thes. ii 319 ( Hy. ii 56 ). co c.¤ cairdi, Críth G. 366 . co cend trédenuis, PH 1859 . go ceann cóig n-aimsear, DDána 6.9 . go ceatra ceand[a] raithi `for four quarter-years', Magauran 804 . Note also: in fer co cind a chéli, MU² 991 `against', Gloss.

With DI and/or DO.

34 di chennaib of poetical composition appar. extemporaneously (see however Thurn. cited below and compare aisnēis do c[h]ennaib a chnāmae, Corm. Y 756 , which may point to a ritualistic procedure of some kind): canad do chennaibh, Ériu xiii 17.5 . ailges do ceanduibh, O'D. 2208 (Nero A vii, 144a). dligedh do feghar saor daor do chennaibh, Ériu xiii 25.30 = fedhair .i. dorenar, ut est dliged dofedhar sóer, dóer dochennaib .i. continuo , O'Dav. 828 . do . . . suid filed for-can di c[h]ennaib `von (seinen Knochen-) Enden', ZCP xvi 175 § 4 ( Laws i 40 , co ndenand rand can smuainedh, 42 Comm. ). is dochennaib . . . ro trial Dallán a duain do denum `extempore', RC xx 122.z (ACC). Also in phr. díchetal di chennaib, see díchetal. cetal do chendaib (a metre), IT iii 61 § 123 . See Ériu xlviii 45 .

35 intan tét a laithe di chiunn `passes away', Ml. 21c3 .

36 di and/or do chiunn in return for, for the sake of, instead of, on condition of, because of, for , etc. (see 68): do chinn a mbíd, SR 3406 . do c[h]inn loghaidh `in return for remission of tribute', Ériu xvii 22 § 16 . dúais do chionn chomáoine a quid pro quo , KMMisc. 346.28 . sgēl do chinn chummaéine, Anecd. i 36.3 . dia chind an tsréin in return for the bridle, BColm. 38 § 40 . nech . . . do cathugud di chend Crist for, PH 789 . do tairgeadh bó aile dí da cind, Imr. Brain 58.30 . berair-siu mac díachinn in its place, Cóir Anm. 133 . do chinn mo claidhem fen instead of my own sword, Fier. 60 . ragtais dia chind i comrac on his behalf, Metr. Dinds. iii 446.88 . do chionn a seachna `on condition of' (notes), Dán Dé x 12 . ró-mhór fuaramar d'a chionn too much we have got from it, Ériu i 96 § 52 . do chionn ubhaill, DDána 26.6 . do chionn an tshaoghail do thréigean through abandoning, Beatha S. F. 748 . dá chionn on that account, TSh. 1942 . do cind ced cennaighechta do denum in order to get leave, ZCP vi 90.15 . ar ngellad a marbtha d'Ulliam Burc do chind luaigi in consideration of, Ann. Conn. 1310.5 .

37 Of soliciting or having intercourse with a woman in spite of or unknown to her husband, etc. (see 70): comrac frim dot chind-so, Fing. R. 114 `in disregard of', Vocab. ben-side Ch. . . . co rustoirrchestar E. do chind a cēile, Corp. Gen. 139.x . a breth di-a chind (another man's wife), PH 833 . luid . . . F. . . . do thochmarc a mnā do chind Oilella, Fianaig. 6.16 . docomraiced-som fria mnaib aili dia cind si in disregard of her, ZCP i 104.10 .

38 Various: cia ruslā dia c[h]ind . . . T. . . . is he rosla(n) dar a chend, ZCP xiii 7.24 . conom thí de chind chúarda till it is my turn(?), LU 6699 ( TBC-I¹ 2158 ). ar chuir dá ceann all he added to it(?) (cf. 48), DDána 91.14 . ó Inid go Cáisg dá gcionn till the following Easter (see 26), Aithd. D. 75.18 . ? nior cuir dha chionn do bhí ag Fionn, Duan. F. i 32.20 .

With FO.

39 fo ch.¤ towards, against, for (see 21, 45): teacht fam cheann `(to) attack me', Content. xviii 1 . éirghid fo cend mo c[h]reiche they go for my booty, ZCP viii 226.22 . Note also: gabh fád cheann mo chonmharccsa `take upon thee my quarrel(?)', Studies 1924, 243 § 12 .

40 Of time within, during (see 18, 33, 52): fo ch.¤ aimsire giorra at the end of a short time, Ériu v 188.456 . fo c.¤ begain aimsiri, Stair Erc. 258 . fo chionn dā lō go n-oidhche, Fl. Earls 10.16 .

41 fo ch.¤ (less freq. chiunn) about, concerning, with regard to, for the sake of, etc. (see 59): ? craed aderum focheann, YBL 149a4 . fuaire a chách a-taoi fám chionn towards me, Dánta Gr. 86.8 . fa a gcionn because of them, DDána 25a1 . déna . . . fá ch.¤ oirbire t'filedh `to thy poet's objurgation make concession', O'Gr. Cat. 402.20 . mar go bhfuair duadh ┐ doghruing fá a ceann `on her account', Keat. ii 2342 . ? alaind a dath / fa ceand na cuach, IGT Metr. Faults§ 68 .

With FOR.

42 for c.¤ , ciunn. Usually = ar ch.¤ , chiunn (21 ff.): an do lotar for cend conaire, Vita Br. 40 `as they were proceeding on their way', Ir. Hist. Stud. i 132 . dochuaid fóncaillid forcend chonnaid for firewood, RC ii 396 § 33 . ro-fhóidestar P. . . . gilla turusa for cend Ísu, PH 2602 . for bar cind, LU 8388 ( FB 26 ). doluid D. for cuinn (leg. ciunn) a sethar do ḟailte frie, Rawl. 134b1 . co tarrla in muir ina clár comréidh . . . for cinn in catha, CCath. 1927 . for a g-ceann awaiting them, ML 44.22 . gusin dia dardaoin buī dō for cionn `until the Thursday following', Fl. Earls 258.4 . Perh. for orig. tar c.¤ (68 ff.) in: du gabail rigi for ch.¤ á athar `in his father's stead', Ml. 44d29 . cach adaltrach do-t[h]et for ceand cetmuintire, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 49 (`in spite of', note p. 50) ( Laws ii 384.1 ). do accallaim Grigair for cend uird ┐ riagla, LU 3095 (fo ch.¤ ?).

With I.

43 beirid, do-beir i cinn finishes, completes (see 32): doberar opair i cind and sain, LL 32264 ( TTr. 1452 ). maine berthar i cinn, 400b18 . ? focal nāchar thuill a gciond (: rinn), ZCP viii 223.x .

44 do-tuit etc. ina ch.¤ falls down, topples (see 67): a toitim ina chend dorisi, TTebe 1669 . ag tuitim ina ccenduibh do bhedis colamhuin . . . na cathrach, Ériu iv 56.18 .

45 i c.¤ in contexts implying motion (us. with prec. vb.) to, in the direction of, towards, against (see 21, 39): na torcair nemh inna ccent `on them', Blathm. 68 . lotir remib hi cend in Brogo, LU 10575 . co torracht C. i c.¤ in droichit cucu, CCath. 1283 . ben sund i cend for máthar, Metr. Dinds. iii 6.55 . dorat . . . / Conall i cend Chonculaind matched C. against C., Metr. Dinds. iii 446.96 . ro cuired cach i ceann araili dona Romanchaib, CCath. 3159 . an uair chuirid i n-a chionn when they oppose him, DDána 96.33 . connsuine . . . do rachadh na cheann, mur atá so: slat ┐ dearg, slaitearg sin which would be assimilated to it, IGT Introd. 10.2 . do tuit an torc a cend a choss fell forward, BCC 324.30 .

46 i c.¤ with prec. vb. of motion and follg. Vn. etc. in g s. implying beginning or undertaking of an action: o dochotar . . . i c.¤ taispenta ind immuin do G., Lib. Hymn. 63.40 . do chuadar i cend a retha took to their heels, MR 318.4 . notheiged-som ┐ a gilla a cend bleogain na bo, Ériu v 34.22 . ná ragaind i ceand catha ina agaid, FDG² 465 . dochuaid i cend in sceoil (d'innisin, v.l.) `she went ahead with the tale', TTebe 1833 . T. . . . do dol a c.¤ oilithri, Ann. Conn. 1307.18 . lotar . . . i cend séta, TBC-LL¹ 451 . Note also: ra érig in fili ┐ do chúaid i n-a cend ┐ issed ro ráid, LL 39018 ( SG 385.34 `went to work'; `came to them', Stokes, RC xiii 107 ).

47 i c.¤, ciunn in addition to (see 63): foghellta ┐ bleth do dul ina ceand `shall be added', Laws iv 130.27 Comm. Matha a cind Crist ro scrib a shoscéla together with, LB 153a64 . ag flaith Li do chím 'na cheann / ní do gach tír 'na thimcheall also, Ériu v 64.15 . a cc.¤ gach sgéil eile dar innis doibh, Rel. Celt. ii 196.32 . a c.¤ a roibhi aigi, ZCP vi 51.10 . na c.¤ sin in addition, Maund. 15 . hi cc.¤ a chéle together, Hugh Roe² 40.13 .

48 cuirid i c.¤ adds to (see 38): cindus do-chuirfed tuilled i n-a chend, PH 7730 . cuir 'na ceand, O'Gr. Cat. 311.9 . teine do cur a ceann teineadh making bad worse, 23 P 10 ³, 15a30 . Note also: ni fuair Fergus ríam ni do cuirfe a cend Modha do marbadh do Dubthach `anything to compare with the slaughter of M. by D.', Celt. Rev. ii 116.x .

49 i c.¤ in preference to: am cheann do chomóradh 'was given preferential treatment over me', Ériu lxiv 162 § 1.7​​​ . S. . . . do chor i tticcernus . . . hi ccend Ch., AFM iii 360.16 . taisech do denam doib do mac M. . . . ina c.¤ , Ann. Conn. 1262.9 .

50 i ciunn at the head of for purpose of leading: m'anam-sa a Dhé mar budh dall / sé 's an chalann-sa 'n-a cionn, Dán Dé xxiii 13 . bi 'n-a cinn = ducas eum, Smaointe B. Chr. 1050 .

51 i ciunn in store for, destined (see 30): a-tá lá cúirte 'n-ar gcionn, DDána 23.29 . a uilc i gcionn gach chiontaigh his wrongdoings await every sinner (for punishment), Dán Dé vii 15 . i gc.¤ gach baíth a baegul, MR 286.21 . go bhfuil an bás . . . i gcionn gach aoin, TSh. 99 .

52 i ciunn of time at the end of (see 18, 33, 40): a cínd da bliadna onaímsir-si two years ago, RC x 186.1 . hi cind tredenais, ACL iii 309.10 . a cc.¤ a fhichet bliadhna da aois in the twentieth year of his age, Rel. Celt. ii 196.7 . a ccionn trí lá, Desid. 6345 .

53 Various: i mbun na gabla ro boí hi ciund tened over against, LU 9194 ( FB 92 ). a cheann i cind tened, ZCP i 464.33 . gach aon a gceann a dhíre ┐ a dhúthchasa féin in possession of, ML 102.14 . mac S. a cind arrad at the head of nobles, Ériu v 244.194 . in cís d'ícc a cind chruid, LB 133b56 `in respect of', Todd Lect. vi 40.6 .

c.¤ i c.¤ (ceann a cceann is an exception to the rule that the same word may not be used more than once in a line, Bard. Synt. Tr. 24.36 ). ? ceann a ceann, .c. o an doilgheas, 55.24 . Also cionn a ccionn (: fionn), 25.1 .

54 c.¤ i c.¤ = ci(u)nn ar chi(u)nn (31): misi do cur c.¤ i cc.¤ / as Cuchulainn, TBC-LL¹ 3151 . cuirid c.¤ hi c.¤ , Fianaig. 60.27 . is and sin . . . do rancadar Leth Cuind ┐ Laigin ceand i cend, RC xxiv 50 § 10 . go g-cómhraiceam ceann a g-ceann, ML 82.25 .

55 c.¤ i c.¤ together; simultaneously : Conchabor, Aedh cend a cend `head to head' (of kings buried together), Ériu ii 166.47 . cia leitir sin c.¤ a c.¤ / dognīad lethfod is lethtenn, ZCP xii 295.8 . nocor thathaigh ceann i c.¤ / na cuic cuicidh na hEirenn, xi 43 § 31 . cred dorad tu c.¤ a c.¤ / a comhaitreab na catcend?, KMMisc. 315.16 . trí Cormaic theas ceann i gceann / im an seang, DDána 91.33 . do dortsed fair cend i cend (of attackers), Ann. Conn. 1405.15 .

56 c.¤ i c.¤ successively (see Aithd. D. Vocab.): gan a ccloistecht cend i ccend / gabhāla airdrīogh [n]Ērenn, ZCP viii 218.30 . fiss gach catha c.¤ a ceand, Anecd. i 29 § 35 . rob ionchuir é, ceann a cceann / is inghean airdrīgh Éireand point by point, KMMisc. 356.7 .

With IMM.

57 is fachain dá gcar um cheann to make them change their attitude(?), DDána 67.4 . (taken by Ed. as i and mo).

58 imm ch.¤ about, around : tarrassaid inn irgal im chend Connacht, LL 12308 (TBC). doiri crannrabhan mad cheann round thee, Magauran 436 . ní ráidhte um cheann gcomhóla during a drinking-bout, O'Hara 146 . radharc um cheann a calaidh `the sight of its shores' (Gloss.), Measgra D. 52.35 .

59 imm ch.¤ about, concerning, with regard to (see 41): rola B. . . . / ilach im cheand Feargaile (perh. in semi-literal sense), RC xxiv 54 § 14 . imcheand cach formaid bai etarru `for all the ill-feeling', Ériu ii 178.16 . an-scél . . . im-c.¤ deilbe . . . in-domain, RC xxiv 369.5 . t'fhearg . . . um cheann do chloinne, DDána 10.22 . um cheann craos-óil in the matter of, TSh. 7446 .

With ós (see 20).

60 ós chiunn (on as cionn beside ós chionn see Desid. p. xxxv ). In more or less literal sense: in tituil robói huas ciunn Crist isin chroich over Christ's head, Ml. 74b1 . ōs chinn sanct-Brigte, Thes. ii 329.2 ( Hy. v 15 ). Over, above: baí . . . ben . . . oc airiuc dont ṡluág os a cind, LL 259b15 . Cuncha cnoc os cind Life, ZCP xi 41 § 1 . nochtais . . . in claidheab os cind na hingeine, RC vi 175.30 . ós chionn mo leabhráin studying, Content. ii 14 . ōs a ch.¤ , Fl. Earls 66.15 .

61 With prec. vb. of motion: tānic . . . ōs ceann N. made for, Celtica i 116.118 . téighim ós chionn a chosnaimh I undertake to defend it, Content. xxi 12 .

62 in control of, in charge of: os chionn Bhanbha, Content. xxx 26 . sdiobhard ós ceann mhórāin maoine, Mac Aingil 568 . ōs cionn in cholāiste, Fl. Earls 68.25 .

63 over and above, in addition to (see 47): ós c.¤ fhichit each, AFM iv 1134.28 . faoi nó ós a chionn `or thereabouts', Corp. Astron. 4.12 . ōs a ch.¤ sin `besides', Fl. Earls 90.15 .

64 Note also: bun ós cionn `upside down', Psalms cxlvi 9 . más bun os cionn atá sé `if he haue any auersion', RSClára 155a . For fuller treatment see 1 bun.

65 With ré: ria cind tri trath in three days, RC xvii 386.2 .

With TAR (see also 24, 42).

66 fo-ceird etc. tar c.¤ (somet. with possess. before c.¤ ) overthrows, upsets, turns upside down : in cor tar c.¤ gl. euersio, Ml. 36d23 . gl. euertando, 72b12 . tochur tar c.¤ , Críth G. 233 . ro lá in slúag . . . tara cend, LU 9760 . fochichret in Trói dar cend, TTr.² 389 . ro-chuir cend dar cend . . . miassa na monotóri, PH 4392 . is e ro-lá dar cend ar forcetul-ne subverted, 1686 . See fo-ceird. Cf. dos-curedar tara cend 'she collapses', CMMucr. 50 § 43 .

67 With do-tuit (see 44): co torchratar . . . dara c.¤ hi suan, ZCP iii 6 § 20 .

68 tar c.¤ on behalf of, for the sake of, in return for, in lieu of, because of, for, etc. (see 36): dufiastar tara c.¤-som `punishment will be inflicted for them', Ml. 27c4 . deich tarm ch.¤ `take vengeance for me', 72d11 . no oircthe . . . tar c.¤ a p[ecthae] ind aile `for its sins', Tur. 110c . taiccéra cách dará chen fessin gl. pro sé, Wb. 6b28 . oc irbáig dar far c.¤-si gl. de uobis, 16d8 . ? mo ort do gabál darm ch.¤ `that my rank should be taken for me', 23b18 . a setig . . . do pennait tar a cend fadesin ┐ dara cendsom on her own behalf and his, Mon. Tall. 163.18 . dar cend na cāna in return for, Cáin Ad. 25 . ciata glinni con-daigi dar cend frithaisceda?, MU² 65 . do foglaim na Tāna rucc in sái rōmānach a hArdmacha dar cend in cuilmin, ACL iii 5.31 . na feicheamna dara tecait cend, Laws iv 60.18 Comm. tarc.¤ gabhála aigi ┐ tacra tar a ch.¤ pleading in his behalf, CCath. 535 . díol tar ceann a chomaoineadh, Content. ix 25 . tar ceann do chloinne, Dán Dé xxviii 29 .

69 in spite of, in violation of; notwithstanding : ba holc lais dith Fergail darceand a shida, RC xxiv 64 § 25 . tar c.¤ Conoill, Duan. F. i 84.8 . tar a cheann sin nevertheless , Desid. 3220 .

70 Of begetting offspring by a woman in spite of or unknown to her husband (see 37): trī meic Medba fri Fergus dar c.¤ nAilella, Corp. Gen. 279.1933 . mac ruc don Dagda . . . / dar cend ḟir na síde, Metr. Dinds. iii 30.75 . is e doroine in toirrcis sin fria dar c.¤ Cathbaid, RC vi 175.51 .

71 As conj. tar c.¤ go notwithstanding the fact that, although : tar ceann go n-abair an Chóir Anmann gur . . . ní mheasaim gurab . . . , Keat. ii 2344 . tar cheann go n-anann tú feadh do bheathadh san olc, Mac Aingil 1040 . tar ceann gur shaoil . . . notwithstanding the fact that, TSh. 541 . tar cheann go bhfuil mórán etc. even though there are . . . , Párl. na mB. 461 .

Compds. (general composition-form in early lang. cenn-. Later also cinn- and ceinn- before palatals).

With nouns.

72 In dvandva-compds. (see Wortk. 130 ): bidh suī lēigind co cendanim head and soul, ACL iii 231.22 . cend-chossach head and feet (of cooked animal), Ériu iv 124 § 2 .

73 With c.¤ qualifying second member: cu nach fácbadh claidem ar cennadairt, Acall. 1632 = SG 129. 29 `pillow' ( -adart, BLism. 212 rb13) . Fig. cennadart fona fertaib inso, Thes. ii 332.27 ( Hy. v 23 gl .). Of a person: O'M. a cceann adhart, Top. Poems 58.18 . oenball dia curp nó da cendagaid `countenance', CCath. 4700 . gráin catha ar mo cheannaghaidh (sic leg.), Content. xxiii 15 . tria cendairde no tria cendísli doníther in taidbhriudh anuasan, O'D. 908 (H. 3.17, 649) = O'Curry 2164 ( Eg. 88, 4(5)d ) (see O'Gr. Cat. 139 ). cennait muilind `the head (site) of a mill', Ériu xvii 76.10 . cennáit `head residence', AFM v 2082.2 . ? Cf. an chríoch nó an cionnaidh is dúthaigh dhó, TSh. 1775 (chianáit, v.l., Gloss.). ar Chrīst ar cennabaid chief lord, ZCP viii 214.6 . do ghabh clogat . . . fa n-a cheann-bhaithios `head', MR xiv 21 . ¤barr see cen(n)barr. ¤bécc see cennbécc. ¤bert see ceinnbeirt. cennbhile oir na n-ardriog (a prince), LL 394.8 . bheith dheit ad chinnbhile ós coill, O'Gr. Cat. 381.22 . súdh ceannbhracha `malt liquor', O'Hara 4076 . in Cennc[h]at[h]ach ina laimh .i. a bachall, Lism. L. 3103 . ¤chléithe = cenn: scothais a chenn clēithi de, ZCP viii 117 § 12 . ní chuirthear ceannchnaipe óir ar phaidrín mhaide, Mac Aingil 1041 `Pater Noster bead(?)', Gloss. lom[r]aid a cendchongraim din mnái headdress, Hib. Min. 77.9 . ceann cosnamach comegin C. `violent groans', MR 260.6 (leg. ¤osnadach ?). for cenn-cumhdach a choroine ` head-covering ', Misc. Hag. Hib. 43 § 62 . capitolauium .i. cenddīunach, Corm. Y 296 . cend-drong filed fó fírda, Metr. Dinds. i 36.93 . inceindetan gl. gigram, Gild. Lor. 82 . donchendfiacail gl. capitali, 134 . ¤ḟochrus see cennḟochrus. cenngalor (in marg. dolor capitis), Wb. 17b25 . Vita Br. 28 . dia ro h-icad don cheann-galar, YBL 174b23 . ? ni tormaig ni fora notrus . . . a cendgelt, Ériu xii 40 § 51 ; 'tonsure' ZCP xlii 48 . caeca echlosc orda co cendimlaib airgid, IT ii2 191.14 (cennpairtib, v.l.) `end knobs'? Plummer MS notes. ¤ísle see cendairde. ¤lá see cennlá. ¤liter capital letter. Usually metaph. of persons and things: cinn-litre ceall `the capitals of the churches', Content. xv 30 , cf. xviii 73 . dún iona cáir cinnlitre, Ériu v 60.4 . ceinnlitir siodha ┐ coccaidh `arbiter', AFM iv 976.3 . snímcha cendmaisse `head- dress', Tec. Corm. xvi 84 . cendmaisse laime glove, Acall. 5971 v.l. ¤míl name of an ornament: coíca acrann . . . co cendmílaib, TBFr. 31 . fuath . . . [na] cendmila tucsat a coscar catha, Aen. 1563 . Of persons: Ísa Críst . . . in cennmíl cumdachta, ZCP viii 204.34 . ní ba cendmíl muinntiri / nech nach fulaing a hécnach, iv 468 § 17 . a fírchlethe a chendmullaig, LU 6475 . brat tlachtgorm corcarrda hi cennfait impe (i.e. thrown over her head?) (cennḟait, MS), TBC-I¹ 2791 . cendpaite imma cenna `fillets', RC ix 484 n.5 . cinnréallna `stars of first magnitude', Ó Bruad. iii 14.7 . cend-róit `highway', CRR 28 . (Auricula Muris) ceinn-sgethrach do ghenam dhe, ┐ glanaidh an inchinn o na salcar, 23 K 42, 367.5 (see sceithrech). fá cheannsmacht, Oss. iv 274.24 . ` paitric' cennsrián, Metr. Gl. 19 `headstall', Plummer MS notes. dotuit ar a cenntruime topheaviness, O'Dav. 200 . cenntruime .i. gin collad, O'Curry 2598 ( Eg. 88, 50(51)d ). cend-urra a slánaigthe `Captain', Heb. ii 10 .

With adjectives.

74 C. chendalaind, ZCP xi 41 § 5 . cendard cassetnach, IT iii 246.80 . dá ech . . . cendbeca, LU 9257 . na dá chendbricc 'the two piebald-headed ones' TBC-LL² 1086 . cnā ceand-buidhi, ZCP v 22 § 16 . tre cnoccuibh corra cenncæla, ZCP vi 290.22 . ic imbirt fidchilli .i. na Cendchaeme (as subst.), LL 8350 (TBC). ingena cendálli cendchassa curly-headed, 31382 (TTr.). do innsaighi cnuic cennchuirr, ZCP vi 60.12 . cendchrom torsech, LL 12064 (TBC). ¤étig freq. as n. pr., see Corp. Gen. etc. trian a scéith chendfhada comdhualaig, ZCP xiii 211.11 . ar coiciud cendḟind Connacht, LL 3224 . See cenann. cheillínill / ceandfolaim, IT iii 92 § 139 . an fer cendgarb, i 273.29 ( FB 40 Eg.). cairrge ceann-gharbha, ML 34.4 . cranngal cheinngér, IGT Decl. ex. 905 . Eoghan an airm cheannghlais, DDána 99.40 . ar taisbenad a craisigi cenn-guirme catha, MR 196.5 . ¤grúcánach see grúcánach. a muinter . . . cendísel Corccaige `hang-head', MacCongl. 29.22 . arocul becc . . . cendisel low-pitched, Todd Lect. vi 42.2 ( LB 134a35 ). laech caem cendlethan, LL 11824 (TBC). cofacca . . . in deilb . . . cennléith, Ériu iv 102.12 . ocbud . . . chendmas, Anecd. i 60.88 . a dhá chraoisigh ceann-reamhra, ML 112.21 . ar ná ba cennscoilte `lest you get your head broken', Tec. Corm. 38.26 . Cuirrín Cheannsholuis, ML 32.18 . dia sephaind céis cenntoll céol, ZCP iii 7.2 . ¤tromm see cenntromm.

Rarely with verbs:

75 ceannlasfaidh a cró coirrshleagh (of warriors), Aithd. D. 16.28 . gu cennlúbdais na clocha na caolsoighdi the stones turned the points of the arrows, Caithr. Thoirdh. 113.6 .

Freq. as second element in compds.

76 See GOI 219 (nochtchenn, ardchenn). Freq. in this use in form -genn, see GOI 87 , O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 140 . See cloicenn, cromcenn, corrcenn, 1 dícenn, táilgenn, tollcend (1 toll). Note further: crothid conchend catha ceirp, LU 3629 ( SCC 31 , see note in SC2). teiti tair fo thalmain trell / i nEgiptacthaib láncend (the Nile), LL 16325 . m. Fiachach Uanchind, Corp. Gen. 88.7 . Baccan mac Brain meic Eircc hUbulchind, Rawl. 126b43 .

77 Very freq. in nn. loc., see Hog. Onom.

1 ces

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ces or dil.ie/8814

 

Forms: ceiss, ces(s), ceis, chiss, ces(s)a

n debility, state of inertia; sickness (see Ó Broin, Éigse xii 109 ). ? n s. ceiss, Metr. Dinds. iii 382.23 . a d s. ces(s), less freq. ceis. a s. chiss, RC xiii 7.14 . g s. and n a p. ces(s)a. (In etymol. gl.) na n-eiges .i. na nai gan ches .i. na bhfiled, Auraic. 2264 . ar conscescing in cess for intí nod goin, LU 4960 . cess ┐ cotlud inna soilse ┐ inna torudh `the trance', Ériu ii 98 § 2 . inmain tríar na tarraill cess, LL 38777 . ar iss é focren cach ceas `for 'tis He who rewards every affliction', BColm. 98.29 . rí nimhe cabhrus cach c.¤ , SG 29.20 . i mian ceasa `consumed with wasting desire', O'Hara 3265 . dos-cuiredar i cess ┐ suan `they fall into sadness and sleep', Ériu ii 112 § 35 . flaith nime ┐ aingil fos-cichred i cess connach taidbsitis in nach airm, 142 § 152 . dobeir na catha i cess `which brings debility on hosts', ix 50 § 37 . condomdersaig as mo chess / erchor maic C. eíces `from my lethargy', RC xiii 466.1 . i gceas, Keat. Poems 539 . dom chor i gceas, TSh. 7603 . gel a sethna[ch] fairc fo cess / imman fethlach fithrech mairc, O'Mulc. 595 . nīs coirset cesa, ZCP viii 110.28 . bídh [in muir] a súan ┐ a ceas Dé domnaigh ┐ ní gluaisinn gáeth, RC xxiv 373.20 . atorcradar sochaidi díbh annsin i cessaibh ┐ i crólighibh ┐ i crislaighibh a long fein, CCath. 1999 . ? is Cú Chulaind mo chéle ní cú ches, LU 8336 . d'arconaib ces nad chel / tairr la tír i tairthither, LL 1765 . giaras facaib Cú gan chess, 8233 .

Freq. of the noínden of the Ulaid in TBC, etc., see noínden, oítiu and Ó Broin, Éigse x 286 . Note further: intan do fil Ultu asa c.¤ chucut, LU 6204 . slúaig Ulad . . . iar cur a cessa díb, LL 14097 . bátar Ulaid 'na ceis, RC xv 465.12 . assa cessaib, LU 5621 . Fig. beid san chríchse i gceas naoidhean `in weakness of travail', TD 20.27 . Of hair: ealta chuach i gceas naoidhean in soft curls, Dánta Gr. 17.2 .

With qual. gen. dos-curidar i cess marbhdhatad ind aimsir gaimrid `a trance of deadness', Ériu ii 128 § 91 . cess chinn, BColm. 22.20 . i gceas dimbhríogha, DDána 79.30 . ód cheas cumadh, Measgra D. 60.21 . i gceas imshníomha, 56.64 . fā cheas bróin, O'R. Poems 2893 . In chevilles: moid can c.¤ an effective vow, BNnÉ 256 § 214 . fosfúair is tulaig cen cheas / i farrad Meda anoirr deas, Ériu iv 158.3 . gan cheis, Duan. F. ii 242 § 11 . cen cesa, Reeves Ad. 286.15 . cen chessa, Auraic. 2225 .

césad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. césad or dil.ie/8826

 

n u, m. vn. of césaid.

(a) suffering, torment; very freq. of the Passion; rúna . . . geine Crist et a chésta, Wb. 27c21 . hi fóisite césto dia cholin-som `suffering', 3d24 . rufes a aurlatu trea chéstu `by His sufferings', 33c7 . re cæsad Christ, Ml. 86d15 . dia chesad roces iarsin intí Crist, 44b1 . a ancride feisin immeḟolṅgai c.¤ do `which causes suffering to him', Sg. 209b18 . airrdhe a chesto, Blathm. 858 . corp Chríst césta cruiche, Fél. Ep. 270 . fri cétglífit ┐ cétchesad na conaire cengait, LU 2087 ( FA 15 ). rogabais conair céstae (cesta, v.l.) `thou hast taken the path of sufferings', Ériu i 200 § 25 (: dotṡéstae). indidem leir hi cestu crist, xix 64 § 25 . fri croich ┐ cessad, PH 5303 . in cailech-sa in cesta, 3065 . dhuinne nír chonair chesta (: echtra, metri gratia?), Duan. F. i 88 § 49 (`a favourable path'). don dobron ┐ do cesadh chroidi, Smaointe B. Chr. 4176 . naomhchroch chéasda Mheic Mharia, DDána 54.5 . géire an chéasta do-ní teine phurgadóra, TSh. 4411 .

(b) As Vn. act of suffering, enduring; act of being made to suffer, being crucified : a[c] cesadh gabaidh ┐ guasachta, Grail 4252 . an dtainic tú annso dhár gcéusadh (to torment us), Matthew viii 29 . atú iar nam chésadh san ccroich, Desid. 3158 .

Attrib. g s. fri ré in chorgais chesta Lent , PH 4998 . aithli chorguis césta móir aidche chasc, Eg. 1782, 17a1 (cited Meyer Contribb.). croch (crann) césta the Cross : co fighuir na Croichi cesta . . . fuirri, Marco P. 62 . in crand cesda, Smaointe B. Chr. 358 . aidhche aeini an chésta Good Friday , AFM ii 1052.10 .

(c) crucifix : cēssadh Crīst eitir a lāmoip bennaigthe (viz. S. Clara), Fl. Earls 164.18 . énchéusadh amháin ┐ beagán leabhar, Desid. 5726 . onóir na n-íomhāigheadh, na ccros, na ccésadh, Mac Aingil 6079 .

(d) As grammatical term, the passive voice : cid fo gním cid fo chésath dotiagar `actively and passively', Wb. 6a29 . in gním no in c.¤ `the action or the passion', Sg. 209a1 . ciall gnímo ┐ chésto, 194b1 . gním ind aithirge cesad a fodaitiu `the repentance (is) action, its endurance (is) passion', 137b10 . essum et essus a rangabail chesta, Lib. Hymn. i 11 n. 75 . ducatus a r[a]ngabail chesta, 8 n. 28 .

Hence of obj. of a trans. vb.: etargaire persainni i cessadh: rom-char-sa, rot-char-su, etc., Auraic. 653 . etargaire persainde i ceussad .i. a foditen dia n-echtair .i. nom-cartar-sa, not-carthar-si, etc., 3355 . duleice in duine cessad fair, 1611 . feartot (leg. ferte dam, ed.) ar du chele frit, briathar chesta sin .i. feartot ar a chele fris, briathar gnima so, 1619 .

Compd. ¤-chrann ` passion-tree ': benais fén a chēsadc[h]rand, MacCongl. 29.9 . fria césadh crand, ZCP viii 206 § 34 .

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