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acra(e)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. acra(e) or dil.ie/232

Forms: acre, accrai, acru, agra, acrad

n io, n. Later f. vn. of ad-gair. a s. acre, Wb. 9c20 . g s. accrai, Laws v 372.7 . d s. acru, LL 353a76 . agra f. IGT Decl. § 3 . Verbs § 47 . Later also acrad.

Act of suing, prosecuting, bringing an action, urging a claim; action, suit, process (with gen. of the matter of the suit and FOR (AR) of the person sued): tagra quasi dagra .i. dā n-agra bīs ann, Corm. Y 1259 . acra gl. actio, Ir. Gl. 869 . ní bethe fria acre, ye should not be seeking redress for it, Wb. 9c20 . ce na (= no) betha ac acra ar nech dul ara nurlainn, Laws iii 252.19 . gu nach urasa cin d'agra for a tigernaib `it is not easy to sue their lords for trespasses', iv 222.1 Comm. cach foghail do genu se . . . ciamad ail a nacera for aite `though one should wish to sue his fosterer for them', ii 170.4 Comm. ni bi acraidi faesam .i. nocha bi a.¤ athgabala don ti bis ar faesam neich . . . .i. fer bis for faesam ní tualaing acra the person who is under protection may not be sued? i 102.x , 104.24 Comm. ticfa d'acra a dala `to prosecute his cause', 6.22 . do buing agru ericc suing exacts compensation, ii 14 z . featactain agra na ratha `attempt to sue the surety', v 226.31 Comm. fethem . . . agamsa dot agra sa, i 294.7 Comm. ma docuaid in grad feine d'acrad in graid flatha, 112 y . acrudh do dénum ┐ indliged do denum oc in agra sin, ii 66.9 . ni tuasluce nach suire . . . bes isle agra bes uaisle enech, 36.z. ac acra uatha suing from them, v 120.30 . ai naccrai the matter of the suit, 372.7 . fuil setaibh acrai inerce `a wound (inflicted) in the cause of levying a payment due', Ériu xii 50 § 63 . ag agra goidi ┐ braidi when suing a case of theft and plunder, Laws v 42.18 Comm. acra bor[b]luchuis, ii 16.7 Comm. cuir ┐ cundartha . . . d'acrau forin conair fugill is cert, Cóic Con. 20 § 13 . fer na hagra the plaintiff, O'D. 570 ( H 3.17, 440-1 ). di ēis ind fir acrai, ZCP xv 322 § 15 n. 1 . ae an fir acra, Laws v 306.10 Comm. soiri domnaig . . . gin acrai gan brethemnus, Anecd. iii 21.4 . nócon ainfe ingrimm ┐ acrae dííbh ca bráth, Trip.² 2218 . frithchuires dím accra olcu amhuinsi, ZCP vi 258.4 . gabais M. . . . ic acra a cor, LL 221b27 ( TTr. 330 ). itú ic triall a acrai ḟort I am suing thee for it, LL 14136 . lucht a éaraca dá agra orra to sue them for his eric, ML 132.7 . badur . . . og agra a comairci ar in rig they were demanding the king's protection, YBL 172b20 . teid dagra a shlana ar O'nDomnaill to make claim on O'D. for violating his surety, L. Chl. S. § 17 . dolluid . . . Lactain . . . do acru in gníma sin co flaith to complain of that deed, LL 353a76 . gan a bhás d'agradh ar neach `not to demand retribution from anyone for his death', Keat. ii 5192 . d'agra airdchíosa ar Chúigeadh Laighean `to exact', iii 3082 . ag agra fhiach claiming a debt, Dán Dé xxvi 12 . ro bhaoí ua N. ag agra blaidhe don dúthaigh fuair Niall ó Domhnaill on righ, AFM vi 2350.7 . ná ro cumhaing Ua N. an fearann dagra ó chert , .14 . an lá thiocfas triath na n-aingeal d'agra a chéasda sa chroich, A. Ó Dálaigh xliv 9 . oca agra (sic leg.) gurbhó dalta dhósom ó Domnaill `urging', Hugh Roe 48.10 (fo. 13a) . do brud . . . in domain . . . is d'acra ar a cend `to take vengeance on it', Cog. 180.4 . iomdha agra nach admhaim `many charges I confess not' (i.e. do not plead guilty to), Dán Dé iv 3 . gach agra dá bhfuil againn ┐ gach leathscéal dá bhfuil agaibhsi, Maguires of F. 74 . báttar . . . ag aighnes ima naccarthaibh for aroile they were disputing as to their claims, AFM vi 2166.z. teit accra ann, an action lies in that case, PH 7612 . Cill Baird i Laignib ní agra i.e. undoubtedly Mart. Don. xxxix 16 . Of the thing claimed: re h-iarraid na hagra, MR 264.11 . Of challenging in battle: cenn cosnama . . . Erenn ar uaill ┐ ar agra, MR 96.3 .

áirem

Cite this: eDIL s.v. áirem or dil.ie/1927
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: áram, áireamh, -imh, -mhe, áirimh, -mhe

n ā, f. Later also m. O. Ir. áram. áireamh (g s. and n p. -imh, -mhe) m. IGT Decl. § 101 . áirimh, f. (g s. and n p. -mhe), § 150 . Vn. of ad-rími.

(a) act of counting, reckoning, estimating; number, numeral: tri thogairm nanmae dæ ┐ arim a degmaine, Ml. 102d17 . ārem gl. et in calculo, Mittelalterliche volkssprachige Glossen 18 . bidh i a n-arim [fír]chert / do gaethaib da gaeth deec, SR 51 . baí ica n-áirim tria fisidecht, LU 2852 . Forgall . . . ansu árim a ilcumachta impossible to count, 10265 . teimel imorbuis Adaim / dodonarcheil ar araim `hath prevented us from being counted', Ériu xii 180.z (TE2). ocht míli déc a n-arim míli eighteen thousand reckoning by thousands, LL 219b5 ( TTr. 173 ). sé rígh ḟichead d'áireamh flath `in the reckoning of princes', TD 7.46 . is ed ro harmed ann xx. mili ar arem ainfir `twenty thousand to a man', Ann. Conn. 1256.5 . go ráinicc trí chétt cenn in airemh dibh, AFM iii 588.11 . áireamh a fhearta / lia ná áireamh sneachta sin, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxvi 10 . airim craeibhi ar conuibh Finn i.e. Finn's hounds are as numerous as branches, Acall. 192 . snaidhm díamhair ar tháobh na táibhle / sáor ag íarraidh áirmhe as, IGT Decl. ex. 1385 . dofarcat cech nárim `who surpass every number', Fél. July 15 . co ndechaidh tar airem a nesbadha their losses were innumerable, RC xviii 173.2 (Tig.). ni fuil airim ara med do clēirchib . . ., 30.33 . ro femed a airium and ar marbad do gallaib, Cog. 38.1 . number, numeral: huare is haram foirbthe ind aram séde `because the number six is a perfect number', Thes. ii 31.25 . numerus .i. is á n-aram `it is their number', Ml. 18d3 . isí chetne aram sainigedar fri hunáir, Sg. 41b9 . na nota áram gl. numerorum figurae, 6b21 . frisin n-araim ṅgrecdi gl. ad Graecum numerum, Thes. ii 34.28 . fotha airim (airmi v.l.) = fundamentum numeri, Auraic. 690 = fotha airme, 3319 . lochdach iomurbháidh a ttús chomhfhocuil . . . no áireamh i.e. a numeral is not to be used as first element in a compound, IGT Introd. 24.23 .

(b) certain collective quantity, amount, sum: in n-arim gl. summam, Ml. 36a27 . amal bid i n-araim gl. in summa, 88c12 . In Laws used in the technical sense of the proper number of stock which a claimant may place on land to which he lays claim, Plummer MS. notes: biri airem lat .i. da ech i llaim, O'Curry 850 ( H 3.18, p. 386a ). dobeir do airim isa tir, O'Curry 851 (ib.). berid forcraid nairme hi tir, ib. dilse nairme i.e. forfeiture of the cattle in an illegal entry, O'D. 746 (H. 3.17, col. 541). dia mbera airaín (sic leg.) for airím teachta do dainib ┐ eachaib if he brings any persons or horses in excess of the legal number (it is all forfeited), Laws iv 26.3 Comm. is leth dilsi nairme i sodhuin, 26 Comm. fiac techtai[g]the . . . ┐ dilsi nairme, iii 148.6 Comm. cenmotha airme ata mo, ii 110.14 .

(c) reckoning, computation (of time): 1602 do réir airmhe na Saccsan ┐ do reir rímhe na Romhan as 1603, AFM vi 2322.y . re n-aiream suas co saerNín, BB 14a5 ( MacCarthy 316.z ). do réir áirimh na nEabhraidheach, Keat. ii 124 . ind áireamh na naes, Leb. Gab.(i) 2.13 .

(d) grammatical number: áram inchosaig dede ar is áram ilair . . . acht asringba óen, Sg. 71a2 . dobriathar áirme `numeral adverb', 71b14 . ar is coitchen ade cacha áirme, 198a14 . dechor nuird in arim fil indib ┐ it anmmann uirdd fo ṡodain, 41b7 . ní aiccidit di aram air cia beit dobriathra persandi robiat sidi cen áraim, 71b8 . ni techtat arim, 161a2 . doḟoirdet áraim, 203b11 . do chenelaib ┐ áirmib ecsamlib `to different genders and numbers', 211a14 . etir di árim, 72a2 . trissin n-airim nilair, Ml. 48c19 .

(e) act of enumerating, recounting: ni tairesad a thuruim, no a asneis, no a arium no a innisi [an] ro odimset Gaedil, Cog. 50.18 . Machabeus . . . / cen árem ni foelab, Gorm. March 31 . áireamh ┐ iomrádh a n-éacht ┐ a n-áitheas do dhéanamh, TSh. 5578 . beag dhe ré n-áireamh na aghaidh little can be said against him, Content. xxv 10 . cóir a n-anmanna dh'airemh, IGT Decl. ex. 1136 . gi bé do dáileadh damhsa / gan é d'áireamh oramsa that you did not count against me, TD 14.9 . ní chlos éin-bhean aca sin . . . ós breacmhoigh Éireann d'áireamh no woman amongst them is heard of as having ruled over Ireland, Content. xxx 21 .

(f) estimation, repute, account: docuala h'airem ┐ h'ardnos, ZCP vi 25.21 . fuair ar eachtra áireamh ríogh `wins kingly glory on foray', Magauran 1683 . aon dhuine ba mó . . . aireamh, AFM iv 680.5 . ant aentaisech dob ferr icht ┐ airem ┐ enech, Ann. Conn. 1281.3 . [ní dearnadh] . . . ó ló [th'éaga] . . . / míorbhail nar chuir áireamh ort, DDána 59.32 .

(g) act of reckoning with, among (LA, I N-): is la brethir a n-áram gl. quare non sunt separanda a uerbo, Sg. 26b17 . nephdenom rainne di foleith acht a aram la ainm, 188a22 . mad t'árim immorro bail i m-biat dagláich, TBC-LL¹ 1851 . 'sgan mindeabhaidh ann d'áireamh, TD 4.18 . In phrases: téit i n-a.¤ : tet i n-airium aitgina do cuic seoit na hoidhche sin the five seds of that night are reckoned as part of his restitution, Laws ii 16.28 Comm. ni teit i nairem cinad do cuilain do breith having brought forth whelps is not taken into account in its trespasses, iii 416.1 . do-beir i n-a.¤ takes into account: nim-mór as tabart[h]a i n-árim na tacair, LL 229b44 ( TTr. 932 ). ni tardat i n-airium cenela n-examla, BB 3a7 . ní thibérsa tusa i n-áirem `I will hold thee of no account', PH 1804 .

(h) regarding, reckoning as (AR): ba háiremh ar easbuidh dUltaibh a iondsoigid fothaibh his attack as good as meant defeat (lit. loss) to the men of U., ZCP xiv 232.1 . meic ríogh san fhochla fhéinneadh / fíon gléigheal ortha d'áireamh they were reckoned as, IGT Decl. ex. 139 . clann M. . . . gé fhuairsed urri áirem though they have been reckoned amongst them (lit. her) (?), Hy Fiach. 214.2 .

1 ard

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ard or dil.ie/4041
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: árd, árt, art, arad, arad, arrad, arruidṡliocht

also árd. árt, Wb. 24d9 . art, Thes. ii 235.15 . Somet. arad metri gratia, esp. in later lang.: arad, IT iii 104 § 202 . arrad, Ó Bruad. i 32 § xiv . arruidṡliocht, 23 G 24, 239.4 .

I Adj. o, ā

(a) Of objects not in contact with ground high: innahí ruptar ardda dunnai (of planets), Thes. ii 11.42 (BCr.). In compds. tri ardlémend, LU 4021 ( SCC 47 ). ard-luth a eich high motion, CCath. 4712 . ardnem na náemh, RC xxiv 372.25 . Cf. airdrenn, 2 airdrech.

(b) high above ground, elevated, lofty . Of a place: huand luc digas no a.¤ gl. e loco editiore, Ml. 58a12 . 47c19 . isna lucu arda, 23d23 . Of a mountain etc.: hi tilchaib ardaib, Ml. 14a9 . iter da sliab arda, TTebe 898 . Of a building etc.: gríanána . . . ardda, MU² 201 . i n-iomdhaidh aird raised high from floor(?), Magauran 1380 . Cf. compd. ¤-lepaid: iomdaighe ┐ árdleapthacha, RC xiv 30 § 12 . go rabat ind (leg. id ?) ardleabaidh / a mna a meic may they be in Thy high bed (place of honour ?), Anecd. ii 33 § 17 . mairidh an fhithchioll eagair / do h-imbearthaoi a n-áirdleabaidh, ML 50.6 . Of a tree tall: ind huinnius ardd, Sg. 67a11 . arnaib fedaib sonartaib ardaib, Ml. 146a6 . crann a.¤ , Stair Erc. 384 . Of a vessel in compds.: fó inbiur in ardchori `lofty cauldron' (deep ?), MacCongl. 39.17 . airdiena (ardíana v.l.) ibardha deep(?) yew vessels, Anecd. ii 58 § 20 . Cf. 1 ardán.

(c) Of the sea: cathair ṡlúaigh do airg d'ḟoiléim / a ngoibéil chúain aird ainiúil deep(?), IGT Decl. ex. 518 . In compds.: an ardmhuir thened high sea, ocean (?), Ériu ii 124 § 68 (calque from Lat. altum mare , Deutsche, Kelten und Iren 99 ). tar ard mhuir cciachdhuibh `tossing', Ir. Review 1913, 624 § 16 . dún is inber is ard-ler, Metr. Dinds. iii 112.34 .

(d) Of sounds loud: a.¤ aniu . . . gáir guil, Cog. 96.3 . frecra n-a.¤ n-obéle loud answer, Tec. Corm. § 25.12 . traetaít na ciulu islí na ciuil arda, BB 327b33 . In compds.: blūsair .i. nuall ardegóir, O'Mulc. 180 = O'Dav. 329 . firfid Findbennach fri dond Cúalnge ardburach loud bellowing, LU 10401 . ag Eochaid Ardghair `of the loud cry', Ériu i 81 § 11 . ardghaire mbaeth loud foolish laugh, Fél. 206.y . do breth a hardguth for aird, LL 9226 (TBC). árdghothach ┐ easurramach loud and stubborn, Proverbs vii 11 .

(e) Of colour: fual . . . á.¤ , Rosa Angl. 188.4 .

(f) In fig. usage. Of rank or superior quality noble, dist- inguished: aire ardd, one of the grades of nobility , Críth G. 368 and p. 69 . Andreas a.¤ a ordan, Fél. Feb. 6 . bit áird úas dind ḟlatha exalted (of saints), Prol. 155. a bhanaltra charthannach an Chomhachtaigh aoird mighty(?), Hackett xix 41 . óclách a.¤, imnair, IT i 79.2 . art .i. uasal, Metr. Gl. 27 § 35 . Stowe Gl. 22 . Of foundations, institutions etc. ba cóir ceniptis árdda do chongbala-su, Trip.² 1564 . bid á.¤ bid úasal do chathir i talum, 472 . abb ecailse ardae, Fél. Jan. 2 . sacramaint ro-a.¤ a cuirp fein august, Smaointe B. Chr. 3324 . Of a place: bátir Érenn ardae / la m'Luóc . . . / grían Liss móir de Albae they were of noble Ireland, Fél. June 25 . Of a feast: ré Notlaicc aird aurgaiss, Fél. Nov. 13 . In compds.: domhnaighe . . . ┐ airdfheile, AFM ii 952.15 , casc . . . ardshollumun na bliadne principal festival, Lism. L. 323 . Gramm. ón táoibhréim a. iollraidh i.e., the g p. in a dental, IGT Introd. § 142 (see ísel).

In phr. ardu árosc, see árosc.

(g) great, extensive(?): ba ha.¤ in coscur .i. ba mor, Thes. ii 334.1 (Hy. v). a.¤ .i. mor nó sochaide, ut est a.¤ in athlighi .i. sochaide facbhuit ina lige, O'Dav. 21 .

(h) proud: ná bísi ard nó íseall, L. Cl. A. B. 132.58 . atbert athesc a.¤ proud answer, LL 19874 .

(i) difficult, laborious, arduous (based on Lat. arduus JCL ix 44 ): is rét a.¤ .i. foglaim inna hirisse foirbthe gl. res ardua atque difficilis, Ml. 14c10 . roart lessom epert friusom intsamli dæ, Wb. 24c10 .

Equative: ardithir . . . seólcrand prímlui[n]gi, LU 6474 (TBC). airdithir neolla nime gach fer dib, RC xvii 416.38 . goma hairdithir re h-én, MR 300.11 .

Compar.: cia thes hi loc bes ardu ní ardu de, Ml. 23d23 . ni arddu feisin quam a chocéle, Sg. 161b9 . ni artu ní nim `nothing is higher than heaven', Thes. ii 248.3 . arddu (arddiu v.l.) dōinib / acht nōibrī nime, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 10 § 4 . airdiu cach múr araile, LU 2037 ( FA 11 ). airddiu, IT i 77.13 . harda (: Alba = Albu), ZCP viii 197.11 . airdi sa hairdi `higher and higher', Études Celt. i 87.23 . As superl. caithir fhionn as airde múr, DDána 119.19 .

Superl. dobeir grád as ardam, Fél. Ep. 207 . ardam dossaibh highest of bushes, Auraic. 5548 . ardam iactadh loudest of groanings, 5575 .

Adv.: eigis co ha.¤ , TTebe 4407 . ? teist dober cu arad ort / tu labor olcc eltaide edranach, IT iii 104 § 202 . is a.¤ do ghradaigh si sibh she has loved you much, Smaointe B. Chr. 4970 . ag foillsiughadh go ha.¤ showing openly, Donlevy 62.28 . In phrase ós a.¤ : gan feis lé fear ós a.¤ `publicly', Keat. ii 2924 , cf. 1 aird.

II Subst. o

(a) high place, height: etir fán ┐ ardd, Ml. 140a2 . conid Temair a hainm ind aird sin, ZCP viii 313.29 . cit n-é . . . ardae ┐ indbera do-riadhad ? BDD² 456 . rith fri ha.¤ , Tec. Corm. § 21.8 . tar Echtge na n-a.¤ 's na n-áth, ZCP viii 222.8 . triall . . . ó arduibh iarthuir Eireann `hills', Ir. Review 1913, 624 § 16 . bás an daig[h]f[h]ir . . . / do theilg thuinn a n-aighidh aird, Bard. Synt. Tr. 24.28 . gan leath-trom learg d'fhán nó d'a.¤ (: bard), DDána 119.18 . eirnithe cach na.¤ (of a wound. Cf. cnocbéim), BCrólige 64 . ní léimid na héisc le hárdaibh eas, Hackett xv 12 . mar do ghabh sruth Iordan . . . a n-aghaidh áird i.e. flowed backwards, up-stream? Eochairsg. 66.2 (cf. Joshua iii 16 ). Frequ. in nn. loc: Ard nGabla, Metr. Dinds. i 40.29 . Ard n-Umai, RC xvi 79.20 . For further exx. see Hog. Onom.

(b) Of persons: isel fri art `lowly towards the high' (proud ?), Thes. ii 235.15 . in t-a.¤ . . . Ailill na n-áth, LL 4207 . tú in t-a.¤ ós gach iomaire, O'R. Poems 26 . a n-aird ┐ a n-airdirc, CCath. 4409 . ? ní cria . . . di ardd (di aird v.l.) `do not buy . . . from a superior', Tec. Corm. § 19.7 . art fine, one of the titles of the head of the `fine' (`den aus der oder über die `fine' Hervorragenden', Thurn., Mélanges ... à H. Pedersen 302 . In this phrase always with final -t. Cf. 1 art etc.): a.¤ uasal, unde dicitur a.¤ fine, Corm. Y 26 . in t-a.¤ fine .i. inti is airdi don fine, O'Dav. 486 . dia mbe a.¤ fine ar aird . . . is a.¤ fine icus, Laws v 224.14 Comm. dia tisad a.¤ fine fae, 13 Comm.

(c) Various: is caín cech a.¤ , LU 3915 ( SCC 43 ). a.¤ n-athe (of a king), ZCP viii 108.6 . tomus fri arddu (a sign of bad pleading), LL 345e14 ( Tec. Corm. § 22 n.12 ). ní guais áidh . . . / do bheanfodh dhe dol ar a.¤ (: Tadhg) `from growing to be great', O'Hara 4400 . In phrase a.¤ i n-a.¤ fri see 1 aird.

(d) Metrical term for a final rhyming or consonating syllable in the metre rinnard , see RC vi 273 , 298 ; vii 87 ff. ; Murphy Metrics 28 , 35 . rindaird dá n-a.¤, rinnaird tri n-a.¤, rinnaird iiii n-a.¤ , Fél. 4.z ., IT iii 137 . fil and mór nard ṅáille (of the metre of the Fél.), Fél. Ep. 83 . In compd. ¤-breccad internal assonance, IT iii 87 § 95 .

Compds. Used with nouns, adjj. and verbs. Besides its use in literal sense often indicates pre-eminence in rank or excellency over others of the same designation e.g. ardrí over-king (see ). ardḟlaith (flaith. ardlathi ` chief princes ', Wb. 1a3 ). ardap (ap) chief abbot (of the a. of Clonmacnoise, RC xviii 287.15 Tig.). ardepscop (epscop) archbishop . ardṡuí (suí) chief sage. ardáenach (óenach, of Taillte, Keat. ii 3851 ). ardídal ( ídal. á. na Héirenn .i. Cenn Crúaich, Trip.² 1005 ). Cf. ardchaerich adobcomnaicsi, ardlias duib, lias bec anisiu, caerig beca ann you are important sheep and have a great fold; this is a small fold with small sheep in it, Anecd. i 41.25 . Frequ. a mere intensive or alliterative prefix adding little to the meaning. A representative selection is given below. Some compds. have been included above to illustrate meanings.

(a) With nouns. ¤-aicned haughtiness: nír dhénta uaill na ardaignedh, Études Celt. i 85.28 . ¤-ammus judgement, estimate (interchanges with airdmes), O'Curry 1063 ( H 3.18, 439a ) = airdmes, O'D. 1629 (H. 5.15, 16b). O'D. 542 ( H 3.17, 434 ). O'Curry 2578 ( Eg. 88, 49(50)a ). ¤-broenud gl. imber, Metr. Gl. 5.2 , RC xx 276.23 (ACC). ¤-chell chief church: na tri haird-cealla (Maedóc's settlements), BNnÉ 260 § 220 . ? ¤-chellach incumbent of an ardchell(?): Adamnan ardcellach, Flower Cat. 490.30 . ¤-chend, as adj. having a lofty head: ech . . . ardchend, LU 8661 ( FB 49 ). da ech . . . ardchind, 8592 (ib. 45 ). for echaib ardchendaib, Alex. 253 . a Brain ardchind, LL 306a7 . As subst. a. iarthair Eorpa ar . . . ecna, AFM ii 838.2 . Moling 50 . ¤chless juggling in the air: ardchless co n-ublaib 'juggling in the air with balls' Celtica viii 149 (Mellbretha) . ¤-chustal: a. ┐ drochgné fair, LU 10829 `his loins girt(?)', Ériu xii 178 § 9 (TE). ¤-chor: ardchur ag an bpríomháid air while the primate had authority over him, Keat. iii 303 . árdchor aige ar na Scotaibh he had supremacy over the Scots, i 14.16. ¤-gabáil: gabaid a lēnid i n-ardgabāil `tucked up his shirt', MacCongl. 9.25 . in ardgabail-sea doníat in cuanairt . . . `high-catching', Acall. 7385 . claideb . . . i n-a. gaili fora chris raised, uplifted (for action), LU 6561 (TBC) = i n-ardgabail churad bar a chlíu, TBC-LL¹ 5340 . So also RC xliii 82 § 84 . seol grás uaidhe ar ardghabháil `a sail of graces is hoisted by Him', Aithd. D. 60.5 . do ardgabalaib in domuin chief conquests, ZCP iii 17.2 . ¤-gal: go gclos go nemh an a., Duan. F. i 32.9 . As n.pr. co teach Eachdach meic Ardgail, ZCP viii 219.27 . ¤-gním breast-work, rampart: airdgníma (adhgnímha v.l.) caelaig, CCath. 1394 . ¤-mac : ardmhac oglaig (oppd. to certmac o.), O'Curry 285 (H 3.18, 157) `chief son', Plummer MS notes. crichaireacht ... a taiseach, ┐a n-ard mac n-oglach, ┐ a n-olloman, Iar Conn. 368 (H. 2. 17, 188b). ¤-menma: dimus ┐a. arrogance, CCath. 3868 . ¤-mess: nir nanacht airdmes roclos / no chairdes no condolbos great esteem did not save him, SR 3135 . tria na n-a. ra halta / a cairdes bud ceṅgalta, LL 7134 . ¤-nemed: atnaig tar fót crúach i n-a. di[a] díte he conveys him over the bloody ground into full sanctuary for his protection, Críth G. 54 . ¤-nert superior power: ardneart Muman do gabail dó, AFM ii 1098.8 . ¤-nós: alladh ┐ ardnos, AFM vi 2368.4 . As n.pr. Grigair mac Ardnōis, ZCP viii 114.25 . ¤-phersa : techtiri ártphersine gl. Christi apostoli, Wb. 24d9 . ¤-radarc : ed ardradairc . . . úan fa deas atá `of a great prospect', Ériu iv 142.16 . gurab eissan ardriaghlaightheoir nimhe & talmhan e, Adtimchiol 27b11 . ¤ríge high kingship : debthaig immonn-ardríge, SR 6538 . ¤-scél : innisim dó mh'airdsgēla great news, ZCP viii 220.40 . ¤-ṡreb : ō chéibh īochtuir airdshreibhi, O'R. Poems 204 . ¤taoiseach 'haut chef' Études Celt. xii 514 . ¤-thuile : abann ard-tuile in full spate, BNnÉ 108 § 33 .

(b) With adjj. ¤-aicentach: do bhádar árdaigeantach haughty, Ezekiel xvi 50 . ¤érmach, éirmech: an agh fholuaimneach ard-érmeach, Acall. (Leabh. ó Laimhsgr.) ii 27.22 . ¤-mór : esculus . . . .i. fid arddmár `a very high tree', Sg. 53a7 . ar muraib ardmoraib an baili, TTebe 4453 . trí chert Amairgen ardmóir, LL 1762 . ¤-menmnach : airecht . . . a. high-spirited, CCath. 5362 . ¤-medrach sportive (of a wave), ML 94.16 . ¤-mín : a ingenraid n-a. tall and gentle, LU 3601 ( SCC 30 ). óclach seta fata . . . n-a., LL 11793 . ¤-réil : co sleib n-Ailp n-a. lofty and bright, Rawl. 78b35 . ¤-úallach high and haughty. As n.pr. a. ingen Ḟind, Acall. 6453 . ¤-úasal : a ardrí . . . a., MU² 834 . cech etha ardūasail imbeth, ZCP xi 92 § 19 .

(c) With vbs. ¤-chuirid : d'ardchuir m'atuirse which increased my sadness, Hackett xii 29 . ¤-ḟodlaid : maith fáth ro hardfódlad de was nobly divided(?), LB 185a21 . ¤-gaibid : ro ardgaib Assal, Fen. 342.20 . ¤-légaid : airdleghais B. . . . an leabar ngreccda read aloud, BNnÉ 84 § 169 (cf. ar-léga). ¤-lesaigid ir: ro hoiled ┐ ro hardleasaidhedh í (of Mary), Ev.Inf. (LFF) 171 § 24 . ró hoiled ┐ rohardleasáigiodh iad educated to a high standard, RC xiv 28 § 6 . ¤-mesaid : ar a eól is ardmesta `for his knowledge he deserves high esteem', Metr. Dinds. iii 438.8 . ¤-rígaid: airdrīghaigh rí, ZCP viii 205.4 . ¤-thidlaicid: ro edhbair ┐ ro ardthiodhlaic he nobly bestowed, Anecd. iii 6. x .

arrae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. arrae or dil.ie/4256
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: arra

io, n. Later also with dental infl. arra m. IGT Decl. § 2 . Vn. of ar-ren. For form and meaning see Binchy, Ériu xix p. 51 - 53 .

(a) act of paying something on behalf of another or in place of something else; payment: trī dīrna do argat a.¤ ar teorae ferbai fīrae, Corm. Y 585 `three stone(?) of silver [as] compensation for three white cows', Binchy loc. cit. (cf. Corm. Y 811 and Ériu xiii 48.28 ). ? in trin don arra uil isin coirpdire, Laws i 250.4 Comm. arra .i. er a luagh .i. luach bess mó, O'Dav. 29 . a.¤ .i. eric, 80 . arra .i. luach . . . ┐ adeir a Trecin (leg. Trecheng) Breth: . . . dul do chennach cen airrchi, Ériu xiii 62 § 7 ( Triads 74 ). a.¤ .i. íc, ut est i Cath Mhaighi Tuiredh, ni rabadar fir Erenn ac a.¤ in chísa géin ro mhair Lugh, § 8. tancus o righ R. . . . do cuingidh arrad co S. Doraidh S. . . . nach biath fo chis do righ talmanda, Lism. L. 2088 . a.¤ .i. fiacha, ut est; gabtar a.¤ do lámhaibh feicheman, Ériu xiii 62 § 9 . ? a naradhaibh a ghaisgidhe, RC x 338.17 ( airigidh, TBC-LL¹ 3155 ) = ina airigid gaiseid, 337.x (see 1 airigid).

(b) object or class of objects which has been stipulated for in `consideration' of a contract or in settlement of a debt: a meic ara feiser fiachu masria, aen arra i leth cumail, Laws iii 150.12 . ruidles eneclainni do rigaib in taen arra airgid, 150.y Comm. in set ro recfadh duine ┐ ni fagabar in tarra ro gellastair da cinn, a seoit d'aisic do, O'Curry 279 ( H 3.18, 151 ). da trian d'arraib and ┐ aen trian d'anarraib, O'Curry 904 ( H 3.18, 401 ). In phrase fo-reith arra anarra `a non-`a.¤' represents (i.e. may be substituted for) an `a.¤'' (Binchy loc. cit.), see anarra. arra .i. geall, ut dicitur: isé arra ro ghabhus frim fíachaibh .i. lógh secht cumal do mairbhdílib, Ériu xiii 62 § 6 . mo c[h]orn ōir . . . / timnaim, ga hūaisle arra / do shaoradh m'anma ar olcaibh, RC xxxvii 352 § 5 . Hence of valuable objects in general chattels, ware, merchandise (see 2 errad): trí mairg déag do dháilis damh / re taobh t'éadaigh is t'arradh `small wares' (recompense to a poet), Magauran 2389 . brēc a māini 'sa medha / brēc a ōr 'sa arrada, ACL iii 239 § 17 . gidh bé arra iarroid soin / do-bearar leis do láthoir `whatever article the buyers ask', Aithd. D. 46.17 . tusa fear iarrtha ar n-arra `thou art the seeker of our wares', 19 . bhar gcuirn bláithe is bhar mbrannaimh / cuimhnighthior do chéadarraibh, DDána 74.48 . foireann brannaimh bile bhadhba / d'arraibh tighe in Daghdha dōibh from the valuables, O'R. Poems 3597 . dob é in droch-arra 'ar ndéchoin `how paltry when one had inspected him his value was', O'Gr. Cat. 440.6 . ní reacfa tú í ar énchor ar airgiod, ní dhéna tú arradh dhi (of the captive concubine who is sent away) `merchandise', Deuteronomy xxi 14 . Cf. mar nach fúaras arruid ar fhís 'as I found no substitute for [the] vision' Ériu xxi 116 § 4 .

(c) In legal contexts of the number of oath-helpers required by a person who was debarred from leading proof himself (also a.¤ cuir): caide cor? tricha fear; caide a.¤ cuir? coic fir dec, O'Curry 347 ( H 3.18, 192a ). is e méd an arra cuir .i. is e dligar lanarra na heisinnraice do reir coir: tri fichit fer do martra .i. diablad lanarra na heisinnraice this is the amount of the `a.¤ cuir' i.e. this is what is required, a full `a.¤' of `unworthiness' according to legality, sixty men to swear at the grave of a martyr i.e. the doubling of the full `a.¤' of `unworthiness', Cóic Con. 67.27 . airi forgill medonach no aire forgill is taire air[e] forgill in lethḟira in letharra, in lanfira ┐ in lanarra i.e. the middle a.¤ f. compensates by oath in the full a.¤ and half a.¤ , 38 § 52. is iat na tri arra antesta i.e. these are the three whose oath compensates for one disqualified from testifying, 40.2 . arra cuir o mnai eisinnric, Laws v 454.15 Comm. ma étged no anfes lethfiach ind ┐ arra cuir as n-étged ┐ as n-anfes, Cáin Ad. 35 . ma isli boaire is arra cuir aire; ma boaire do fine nach aile a luighi nama. O'Curry 2591 ( Eg. 88, 50 (51)b ). in lethfir testa ┐ in letharra antesta, 333 (H 3.18, 183). is arra cuir o antest ┐ fir testa o teist, 2003 (H 4.22, 30). is e lan arra na cairdi dias, Laws iii 134.10 Comm. a sena . . . é féin co lucht a leitharra, 108.23 Comm. a sena . . . go lucht a lanfira no a leithfira, ma inraic, no cu lucht a lanarra no a letharra mas eisinnraic, O'D. 2330 ( Rawl. B 506, 35c ). ? Hence: arra .i. tuarusdal ut est sena in arra .i. an tuarusdail, O'Curry 570 ( H 3.18, 284 ). testaigidh in esindraic a ruib co lucht a lanarrad no letharrad . . . masa tuarustal doniat, denat co lucht a fira for robaib na indraici ┐ co lucht a tuarastail, O'Curry 346 ( H 3.18, 191 c).

(d) In ecclesiastical contexts penitential commutation (substitution of a shorter and usually more intensive discipline for the normal penance prescribed by canonical or monastic rules): dona harraib ind so, title of a tract, Ériu xix 58 . a.¤ n-aill tri coicat cach læa, 58 § 2. arre ndubthroischthe, 60 § 11. iss ed . . . a n-arre tri coicait salm, 64 § 25. iss edh cethardae . . . ara ndentar na a.¤ , 58 § 6. ata dechor . . . etar na arre, 60 § 7. is a.¤ secht ṅoiffernn i.e. to recite the whole poem is equivalent in merit to hearing Mass seven times, Fél. Ep. 177 . is a.¤ trí tredan, 186 . arre troisccthe la diarmait da fítt chert chutrume . . . ┐ inddala hí do tabirt do día. Araile do tomailt fadein `as an equivalent for fasting D. used to allow two exactly equal rations to be made, and one of these to be given to God; the other he was to eat himself', Mon. Tall. 161.8 (§ 80) . dí biait déc arra na tri coicat, LB 10a40 `twelve recitations (of psalm cxix = cxviii) are a substitute for one recitation of the whole Psalter', Plummer MS notes. dub-throscuth inna medon nó arra troiscthe. Maith o duthracht etraid is bliadain pendite nó arre, Ériu vii 144 § 27 . nī fil do pecdaib nā hīcat na harra-sa (of prescribed penitential psalms), ZCP iii 30.28 . Of vicarious atonement (see Binchy loc. cit. p. 56 ): arra tessairgne anma a ifurn, Ériu xix 58 § 1 . doessairc anmandæ a iffurnd cach arra dona airraib-se, § 4.

báidid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. báidid or dil.ie/5172

Forms: bádaid, báithid, báthaid, bádud

v also bádaid, báithid, báthaid. Trans.

(a) submerges, drowns; sinks, wrecks: co nu badaitis gl. mergerentur, Ml. 96c14 . nachat baidh rian romhra `did not drown them', Blathm. 68. as he tuargaibh toind do tracht / go mbaidi benna borrbharc, 228 . conid hi in tress tond bades naues , Thes. ii 352.36 (Hy. vi Comm.). ba sūaill co rroibdithe in curach cona lucht were almost swamped, Corm. Y p. 92.5 (= corrabdithe, ix 26; nach baiti, xv 5). báidfitir noo ships will be sunk, Eg. 1782, 43a (cited Contribb. 161 ). ro bateá iar sin ┐ atbathatár di gortai they were shipwrecked, LU 1279 (H). ro báided . . . isind abaind, 8926 (H, FB 69 ) (cf. rí báiter for srothuib, Laws i 204.21 Comm. is furri robáidhedh (of a river), Cóir Anm. 255. bátir Fráech F. is submerged (in fight), LU 5231. sruth do aill, . . . baidhidh cac mbec nétruim (sic), Laws iv 356.11 . cia robdait[h]er indib whatever may have been drowned in them (ditches), Coibnes 13 . cia robdaid if they drown someone, Laws iv 140.27 Comm. conid bádud ra bádit that they were in fact drowned, LL 31910 ( TTr. 1097 ). Cf. LL 36369. dia mbaidfider bith, 13871 (rhet.). do bháidh muir gach duine dhíobh, DDána 3.39 .

(b) extinguishes, quenches: ní baithfidther [in tene] co bráth = nunquam extinquetur (sic), Lat. Lives 5.12 . nī bāiter mo ṡechtchaindel!, Misc. Hib. 20 § 3. do bhāidh sí solus na n-uili leg lōgmar ele, ZCP xiii 181.6 . tre nert daíne robaidhedh (of a fire), RC xviii 170.26 (Tig.). gur escainset iat ┐ gur báthset a cainnli excommunicated them, O'Gr. Cat. 5.26. do báidh Macamétus connle an duine do íbad fín, Maund. 61. baidid tart, Celtica ii 71.59 . Fig. do báidheadh grís ar ngoimhe, Studies 1921, 589 § 5 .

(c) destroys, overwhelms, obliterates, suppresses: na báid . . ./ cenn n-erbága nIsrahél, SR 6011. rodasbádi (sic Corr., Academy xxiv 31) plág dibaid, 5279 . bádfid a maith a n-olc isind ló [brátha] sin, LU 2169. Cf. ZCP iii 227.6 . ronbris ronbrúi, ronbaid, / . . . / rongeilt in gaeth, O'Mulc. 830g . rosbáidi bás `death o'erwhelmed her', Metr. Dinds. iii 48.14 . rombáid i tig Clettig crúaid / cnáim ind iáich, MacCarthy 206 § 6 . ro baighit na bidhbhanais enmities were quenched, MR 100.8 . ētrad nī rom-bāde, ZCP vi 260 § 11. ni baití en litir and would not be obliterated, BCC 434.21 (394) . ná báidh . . . ar gcomhramha, Content. vii 2. bochtacht antoisgtheach . . . bháidheas i n-ainfhiachaibh . . . é, TSh. 5427. réadla bhisigh nár báthadh `a star of increase which was not eclipsed', Éigse v 234 § 12.

(d) elides (a vowel), merges, makes to disappear (of consonants in compounds, etc.): iss ed ropad chert and acht uath baidhius in fern, Auraic. 4342. Cf. co nd-aurba huath .i. conasfirbade uath, 1203 . an connsuine bháithtear do gháoidheilg do dhénamh d'ogham san chomhfhocal (a metrical fault), IGT Introd. § 2 (2.36) . ni bhaitheand consain in guthaighi, Metr. Faults § 137.

(e) Of alienating property: ro baith Cathal . . . a cuitid thoisig . . . do Dia, SGS v 54.8 . Domnall . . . ro baith na hule edbarta ro (read ri, ed.) Drostan, 7 . See p. 62 n.3 , 4 .

(f) Intrans. is drowned, is destroyed, becomes extinguished: cia baidit cenna ni baidit mbruighe .i. cia marbh na comarba mairit na tíre, O'D. 550 (H. 3.17, 437). amal turcbas tene focetoir ┐ báidid co prap doridisi, PH 2408. glóir an bhaile mar do bháidh how the glory of the place (sc. Tara) has vanished, DDána 105.12 . báidhidh [an lampa] uáidh féin, Maund. 70.

Vn. bádud.

bél

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bél or dil.ie/5607
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: beoil, beóil, beolu, beula, beulu, belu, bélib, i mbeolu

n o, m. g s. beoil, Sg. 14a16 . n p. beóil, Wb. 7d9 . a p. beolu, Wb. 3b11 , beula (gl. ora), Ml. 19c9 . beulu, 35d22 . belu, Thes. ii 251. 16 . d p. bélib, Wb. 7d10 . b.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 61.

I

(a) In some exx. explicitly lip , in pl. lips, but here usually mouth: don b.¤ gl. labio, Ir. Gl. 107. Gild. Lor. 139 § 40. tri beulu dlútai gl. fixis labris (17), Sg. 6a18 . ni radi ní trí thalmaidchi, amal dundchuirethar inna beulu as it rises to his lips (`as he takes it into his lips'), Ml. 35d22 . anasberaid hó bélib `what ye utter with (your) lips', Wb. 7d10 . anasbérat mo beiúil, 12d12 . (of a hag) tacmaicced a b.¤ íchtarach coa glún, LU 6828 (BDD). i socraidi labrait biuil (: Iúil), 3875 ( SCC 38 ). niamdai a beóil partardeirg (partuingdeirg, v.l.) her crimson lips, IT i 69.8 . ( LMU 4 ). co ṅditned a srona ┐ a beolu `so that it protected his nostrils and his lips' (but perh. transl. nose . . . mouth), CCath. 5265. folcuit a n-aighti uile lena mbélaib úachtair upper lips, Maund. 176. beoil lethna thick lips, Marco P. 187. cúiseach bind asa bēalaibh `sweet piping from her lips', Ériu iv 174.15 . maille siabhradh beóil ( = labium . . . pervertatur), 23 K 42 , 54.14 . do scoltad an croimbeoil ┐ in béil iocht[a]ir of chapping of the upper and lower lip, O'Gr. Cat. 191.z . baile .i. maith . . . digbail dubha baile bel .i. is maith í o belaib no i mbel `from lips or in mouth', O'Dav. 224. (in application of an incantation) imbir in da mér . . . it bélaib, Thes. ii 249.11 . doberar in salann i mbelu `the salt is put into the mouth', 251.16 . asoilgg a bēolu . . . combo ecna a [g]inchrāes, TBC-I¹ 396. (of a witch) a beóil for leith a cind her mouth in the side of her head, BDD² 540 . gebid dano cenn in tarra ina béolu, Sc.M² 17.6 . do-lleblaing int éicne ara chend, ┐ gabsus inna béulu took it in its mouth, TBFr. 209. an tan immoro no berid an leg laun ina beolu `when he used to put the ladle full into his mouth', RC xii 86 § 91. nicon acca beolu eich / amal beolu ín liathainigh, IT iii 68.2 . inbat budig do bēoil do shainól ┐ do shainait, MacCongl. 77.4 . secht traigid eter a ó ┐ a beolo . . . ┐ secht n-artim inna bélaib, Ériu iv 26.9 , 10 . acht nad neibre dod belaib nama `although thou hast not said so by word of mouth', Laws iv 108.1 Comm. cuit mo b.¤ (term of endearment), LL 18576.

(b) mouth in sg.: sróin súil b.¤ , Ardm. 434a marg. (220va). i cinaid do laime, do sula, do thengad, do beil, Laws i 156.32 . issin ṁb. tacras sin in the mouth that asserts that, MU² 369. laech . . . belmar . . ., meit a beil beolu eich, TBC-LL¹ 5400 n.4 . fuil rochuiread tara bel ┐ dara sroin, TTebe 2414 . beiris i n-a bheōl . . . ar lampa airgit seized a silver lamp in its mouth, Fl. Earls 138.1 . Note also: na beula gl. ora, the mouths (?), Ml. 19c9 . Fig. gá tarbha an béal do bheith lais / 's an intinn in-a éagmhais, Dán Dé xxii 20 . an b.¤ dúnta as eadh budh ḟearr better be silent, IGT Decl. ex. 1285. Prov. is binn beál ó bheith iadhta, Dánfhocail 55 . By metonymy person : cerd cach ṁb. .i. eladu cech duni do ḟoglaim ar dáig forcitail caich (`art for every mouth', RC xxvi 22 § 62 ), LL 24410. crochadh ar bh.¤ na bréige! `perdition (lit. a hanging) to him who tells the lie' (Gloss.), LBranach 1072 . b.¤ na psalm (nickname of St. Fintan), Mart. Don. Mar. 27. Grigoir Béil óir `Gregory the golden-mouthed', BNnÉ 172 § 16 .

(c) In phrases: derg-mír i mbélaib lit. red (raw) morsel in (the) mouth apparently of property illegally acquired or attached: atait tri deirg-mireanda naidet usa a mbelaib cacha hecalsa (glossed: is indligthech do'n eclais a ngabail cuichi o belaib, 432.3 Comm. ), Laws v 430.22. at-ballat, ¤bailet (a) béoil with poss. or foll. subj. gen., see at-bail(l): co n-aplat a beoil i mmbron (leg. mbrōn ?) ┐ toirrsi `they perish', Ériu ii 114 § 38. Note also: bás fort béolu, Fing. R. 72 `death on your head!' RC xiii 378.11 .

(d) Of the mouth as the source of speech: iss ed bói i mbēlaib cáich this was the common talk, ZCP viii 317.26 . go rabhadar na lán béil ┐ buanteanga ag gach aon that they were a continual subject of conversation to everyone, RC xiv 28 § 6. lán beóil don ríoghfhuil Bhranoigh, LBranach 3581 . budh lán beoil an Brianachsoin, Studies 1925, 253 § 6 .

By extension word(s) ; subject of talk : fer na ropeccaig o bel na o gnim `in word or deed', Ériu v 20.2 . idna beoil integrity of speech, LL 3901. roiarfaided o Fiachroig Muillethan . . . dia belaib his advice was asked by F., ZCP xiv 156.14 . gurab mó do theagascdaois . . . ó theagasc beoil ioná ó scríbhinn by traditional instruction, Keat. ii 976. (explanation of the name of Eogan B.) b.¤ cach tuaithi ina thimchell `the mouth [i.e. the acclamation] of every country round about', SG 64.z . b.¤ cach flatha ina lenub / ar ó Fiachrach foltlebur, 65.2 . In phr. breth a b.¤ féin self-judgment, -doom: atetha breth do b.¤ (sic leg.) féin duit, RC xiv 430.8 . co tucsat Gaill breth a beoil fein d'O Neill, AU ii 270.8 . In adv. phrase ó óen-b.¤ unanimously: o aen bel, PH 7233. dh'aoinbheul, Luc. Fid. 2856. Legal. cor b.¤ , see 1 cor 12.

II Applied to various things resembling lips or mouth .

(a) edge, rim ; mouth of cavity, orifice, opening : b.¤ gaili, a mbél an gaile ( = orificium stomachi), RSláinte 3698. do fínégra ar b.¤ an gaile `on the pit of the stomach', O'Gr. Cat. 193.25 . b.¤ cridi (used as term of endearment): a bél mo chraidi, ACL iii 243 § 24. edge, opening of wounds: bador beoil na ccneth ag claoi a cheile, ZCP x 292.9 . a lomma cro ic teprisin dar belaib na n-alad batar fair, Grail 685 . rucc b.¤ na cneidhe chum a chéile ┐ ticc sele fuirre, ITS xvi 42.13 . Other applications: co fil āit a beōil isin c[h]loich fóss ann `the mark of its rim (i.e. of a bell) is still there in the stone', BColm. 64.9 . sileadh deór rúadh ar ruisgne / mur uisge a beól (mbéol v.l.) úar eisci like water out of a vessel (?), IGT Decl. ex. 1081. mé is b.¤ na cróine ar mo chind, ex. 81 . lase foruillecta beóil in chalich di mil, Wb. 7d9 . īadais indala sūil . . . asoilg alaile comba mor bēolu fidchōich as large as the orifice of a wooden bowl (?), TBC-I¹ 395. b.¤ dabcha ele 'na b.-si anúas (of one vat turned over another), BColm. 72.6 . (of a bag for chess-men) a ferbolc, is amra sceúil / de ór imdernta a beúil opening (`rim'), Fianaig. 14.22 . go bhfuilti claoidthe . . . a mbeul an tsaic (of opponents silenced in controversy), Luc. Fid. 4127. béil a ngunnadh `the muzzles of their guns', Rel. Celt. ii 194.11 . (of prongs of pincers) do briseadh teanncuir an ghobhann, ┐ an t-īarann dearg 'na beal `with the red-hot iron in its jaws', ZCP ii 562.30 . beola crot ┐ bolg ┐ buinne `mouths of harps and bags and pipes', RC xii 108 § 163. the eye of the upper millstone (Studies on Early Ireland 16 ) : iss e sin doberimsi a mbel in muilinn si, RC xiv 52 § 62. upper of shoe: bróg tar teach do teilgeadh leam . . . nar bhean tall a b.¤ fa a bonn `a shoe whose upper was detached from its sole was thrown at me' (Notes), Bard. Synt. Tr. 2.z.

(b) Further extended applications: mén mara .i. bel na mara, O'Cl. ( mēn .i. bēl, Corm. Y 948 ). fri beolu mara, Trip.² 1581 ( = in sinu maris, Lat. Lives 33 § 25 ). dá thraigid .x. lethet a b.¤ the width of its opening (an earthwork), Críth G. 571. (of Tara) deis fri Banba, b.¤ fri Bóin `her front towards the Boyne', Ériu iv 92 § 3. tir cen beula without entry, Corm. Y 674 ( Corm. 22 ). tir cin toin cin beolu bis itir da ferunn cin conair `ingress', Laws iv 158.14 Comm. cuiris comla dar a b.¤ (a well), Metr. Dinds. iii 326.19 . triall istech tar beolu na hecuilsi `threshold of the church', Marco P. 173. léigthear suas beoil na bruighne `portcullis', Aithd. D. 3.19 . siar go b.¤ na sráide `the entrance of the street', AFM ii 900.2. Of gunwale of a ship: chuir iad am beòil mhòr re chèile, SGS xviii 107.1 .

III In phrases with prepp.

(a) prepositional. With A: crithre sin a beól (mb. v.l.) bhruithne sparks from boiling heat (?), IGT Decl. ex. 1296.

With AR (FOR): huare romboi ar belaib tempuil `in front of the Temple', Ml. 48d8 . ar beolu diabuil `before the Devil', Wb. 3b11 . gontai Cūchulaind, co tabrad a marb ara (ar, LU) bēolu a brāthar, TBC-I¹ 1637. ar belaib ind ríg ( = in conspectu regis), Lat. Lives 10.8 . arbelaib (.i. a fiadnaise) fer nErenn, ACL iii 14 § 31. finta cia as toisech fodla ┐ ar a ndentar bélaib `before whom it is made', RC xiii 446 § 26. cathair . . . for bel ḟasaigh dhimhoir `at the edge of a great desert', Marco P. 20. dán bog ar bh.¤ na slighiodh `on the open road', Studies 1918, 617 § 5 .

Freq. of replacing in kingship, headship, etc. one who had the normal claim, before, in preference to, in place of : rogab F. righe ara belaib, RC xvii 233.32 (Tig.). gabais C. flaith ar belaib a athar, Ériu iii 142.4 . an crioch do ghabail for a belaibh `to snatch . . . the country away from him', Leb. Gab.(i) 226.5 . mar tugadh ceannas na slógh / ar bhéal Éibhir d'Éireamhón `to Ê. rather than to Ê.', Content. xvi 33. With verbs of coming, etc. do-tét indḟine ar beolu de(i)rbḟine `the ` indḟine' comes in front of (i.e. is preferred to) the `derbḟine', Ériu xvii 64 § 3 ( Laws iv 206.7 ). D. . . . do beith ag dol ar bélaibh a athar `attempted to depose', AFM vi 1891.1 . an tánaiste do theacht ar beulaibh mic tighearna an fhuinn `that the tanist takes precedence of', Keat. i 66.6 . dul fora mbelaibhsiomh `to anticipate them', Hugh Roe² 172.2 .

With FRI (RE) before, at, close to; on the point of : fri beolu báis on the point of death, Fél. 74.19 . cen bith ria mbeolu oc airiuc thuili dóib not to be close to them, Fing. R. 432. ag so anois an bás rem bhéal close to me, Dánta Gr. 63.15 . re béal a theachta don toigh `before its reception' (of the Blessed Eucharist), Dán Dé xviii 2 . cosg fiabhrasa re b.¤ mbáis, Studies 1919, 613 § 12 .

With I N- i mbeolu, i mbeól, i mb.¤ before : in bo boi 'na beola sin `that was in front of her', Dinds. 142.10 . a mbeol an dunaidh `in front of the fort', BNnÉ 187 § 27 . do-chífe bárc a mbeól chúain `in the harbour's mouth', Ériu ix 168 § 46. towards, to : do-bhir im béal teachtaire `He sends a messenger to fetch me', Aithd. D. 83.3 . sgath dealg 'na beol muna bheath `had not the thorn-points been in the way', 95.20 . over, across : seolais iarsin Brenainn . . . i mbéolu (a mbhél, v.l. , = for beluibh, Lism. L. 3590 ) in aiccéin iongantaigh, BNnÉ 97 § 5. Note also: ro herbad da oclach lais da chur i mbeolu na tuinne to cast it (an infant) upon the sea (?), LL 14623 ( ZCP xii 273.17 ). do chur a mb.¤ mara ┐ mor-fhairrge set adrift on the open sea, KMMisc. 313.13 . a mbēl na h-oibre at the beginning, ML² 1.15 . i mbeol airechtais at the very beginning of sovereignty (?), Ann. Conn. 1410.2 . ni ḟuil amuigh gidh seól síth / crích nach fuil a mbeól a bláith, IGT Decl. ex. 992 . i mbéal a tharbha do thoigheacht, Aithd. D. 25.4 .

With TAR: tar béolu out of : adre amach dar beolu in duin, Marco P. 23.

(b) Adverbial. With FOR (always with possessive) on the face, face downwards : for a mbeulu gl. prone, Ml. 131b6 . tairniud form béolu bend face downwards, LL 36766 = Goid. 180.10 = Fél.² cv 8. an corp bis ina rogad ar in talmain for a beolu, RC xv 491 § 31. tolduid iarum taurtaim fair fora beolu `a trance fell upon him, as he lay on his face', Mon. Tall. 155.15 . (of a collapsing house) amal ro clóenad a thech conda tarla for a lethbeólu uli, LU 8382 ( FB 25 ). (of a cup) rohimpa iarum Patraic in copan fora beolu upside down (?), Anecd. iii 35.9 . b.¤ ar b.¤ , ó bé(o)l go b.¤ face to face : truagh gan sinne bel ar bel, TTebe xv 7 (scribe's note). (of a bird-decoration) ealta 's a mbeoil béal ar bhéal, Aithd. D. 9.7 . ag labhairt libh beul ar bheul (os ad os, 3 Joh. 14 ), Eochairsg. 15.30 . go labradh se riss ó b.¤ go b.¤ `face to face', ZCP xi 118.2 ( BCC 236 ). meic ollamhan Innsi Fáil / . . . / god choimhreic ó bheól go b.¤ `repeating thee from mouth to mouth' (i.e. the contents of a manuscript Gaelic Miscellany), Studies 1919, 440 § 12 . adeirid o bheol go beul they say so currently, Luc. Fid. 4088.

With IAR N- iar mbélaib (contrasted with iar cúlaib): i ngilfine iar mbelaib, amuil atá athair ┐ mac ┐ ua ┐ iarmua ┐ innua co cuicer; ┐ geilfini iar culaib .i. brathair thathar, ┐ mac co cuicer beos `in the direct line', Laws ii 160.z Comm.

(c) In fig. phrase do-ní a b.¤ re turns to, seeks help from : do-ghén . . . mo bh.¤ ré seabhcaibh Saxan `I will turn my face to', Studies 1924, 242 § 11 .

Note also: muna thí dhíom bas rem béal unless I can keep a guard on my lips, Dán Dé ix 4 . a-tá 'gan chol bas rem béal `raises its hand against me', xxiii 31 . In nn. loc. see Hog. Onom.

Compds. With nouns. ¤braise: feib atféd mo bhélbraisi `eloquence', Leb. Cert.² 164 § 9. ¤deirge: beildeirge redness of lips, Prolegomena 43 § 26 . ¤étan: (of a charioteer) dara béletan mouth and forehead (?), LL 24905. ¤mod manner of speaking (?): caistidh ria bēlmod, ACL iii 307 § 28 ( Measgra Uí Chl. 153 ). ¤proicept traditional teaching, tradition : bēalphroceapta nó teagusg bheōil na n-absttal, Mac Aingil 5949 . béulphroicheapta asbaltha ┐ eagalsa, Desid. 4942. With vnn. ¤chengal: ar mbélcengal a mbeochréchtadh when their fresh wounds had been sewn up, Caithr. Thoirdh. 124.7 . ¤tuidme: fiacuil .i. fia figo . . . fiacuil didiu bēl-t. fastening for the mouth, O'Mulc. 507.

With adjj. ¤balb: do piastaibh bel-balba `dumb-mouthed', Ériu iii 164 § 20. ¤binn: longphort . . . bíthe bēilbhinn melodious (?), Butler Poems 556 and n. ¤blasta of excellent sound : (of `Gaedelg,' the language) in berla b.¤ bind, LL 17716. B. blaith belblasta well-spoken (of a hand-maid), BB 237a2 . ¤buide yellow-lipped : (of a famine-stricken appearance) ina n-ímágib b.¤ nochtḟiaclacha, LB 154b61 . In n. pr.: Eochaid Bēlbuidi, ZCP viii 274.1 . ¤chamm crooked-mouthed : la hUnchi mbrúachda mb.¤(-mall, v.l.), Metr. Dinds. iii 98.6 . ¤cherr: in senBodb Barchi b.¤ `wry-mouthed', Metr. Dinds. iv 338.20 . ¤ chert : mo dhaltán búilid béilchert `right-spoken', SG 190.7 . ¤chorcra crimson, red-lipped : belchorcra banamla detgela, TTebe 730 . ¤chráibhthech hypocritical : Content. vi 270. ¤chumang narrow-mouthed, having a narrow opening, entry : a crocan (leg. corcán ?) belchumang narrow-necked, Lia Fáil iii 122.20 ( 23 P 10 ³, 11b7 ). ar na bernadhaibh bélchumhgaibh, AFM v 164.22 . ¤derg red-lipped, red-mouthed (in good and bad sense): buriud berna Baidbi béldergi, LL 10872 ( = TBC-LL¹ 4024 ). na brithemain bēilderga `red-mouthed brehons' ( = severe in judgement ?), Ériu iii 30 § 7. cáinead in barrchais béilderg `the curly-headed red-lipped fellow', iv 216.20 . F. file m. Oengusa Bēlde[i]rg, ZCP viii 326.1 . ¤dub black-mouthed : comairge b.¤ becenech `a black-mouthed guarantor of small honour', Tec. Corm. § 33.2 . a curaig blaithe belduba `black-prowed', Ériu viii 10.36 . sgéala libh go báirc mbéalduibh `tidings to your black-decked barque', RC xlix 173 § 32. ¤ḟairsi(u)ng wide-mouthed, having a wide entrance : .l. bléide buabaill belḟairsiuṅg, LL 7292. ro cóirged bruidin brotla bélfairsing `wide-doored', Fianaig. 70.31 . ¤ḟota long-lipped : D. b.¤ , LL 354c64 . a mbíala belfhoda `wide-edged', Hugh Roe² 174.24 . ¤ginach: na trī badhbha bēl-ginacha three witches with gaping mouths, ML² 1585. ¤glicc: mo bhreath bheilghlic gan bhine `my skilled oral judgement', Keat. ii 1287. ¤lethan broad-doored : ós bruidin béllethoin, SG 230.24 . ¤lúath hasty of speech : 'ná bheith baoth beul-luath aig teagasg cách, De Imit. 13.24 . ¤maith: C. b.¤ `C. Fair-lips', Metr. Dinds. iii 324.11 . ¤mall slow of speech : la hU. mbruachdha mbelmhall, BB 365b37 . ¤remor thick-lipped, big-mouthed : belremur bolcsuilech, LU 8516 ( FB 37 ). badhbh béil-reamhar, TSh. 6623. ¤ṡalach foul-mouthed : Badb birach belsalach, RC xxiv 52.1 . ¤scaílte wide open; split open ; scattered : i mbrudin bronnḟarsing bélscailti, RC xiv 414 § 28. ina mbuidhnib bega bélsgāilte, Fianaig. 54.4 . (of a cast-up ship) go ndéantar blogha béal-sgaoilte dhi, TSh. 735. ¤tais with soft, moist lips : an chuideachta chuanna bhuadhach bheóltais (of fair women), Hackett xxvi 57 . ¤tana: go mbiailibh blathsnaoighte b.¤ `thin-edged battle-axes', AFM vi 2126.25 . ¤tirim: bérla breganta beoiltirm (spoken) with a dry mouth, O'Gr. Cat. 518.30. ¤trúag: na bid fri baisi ṁbeltrúaig poor-mouthed (?), SR 3890.

See béillic, bélaites, bélscál, bélscálán, bélscáth.

brígach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. brígach or dil.ie/6814

adj o, ā (bríg) powerful, mighty, forceful; strong, virtual, vigorous: is brigach gl. grandis, Ml. 100a4 . brioghach .i. feartach, neartmhar, O'Cl. brigach .i. uallach, ut est brigach maith morsésur, O'Dav. 194 = O'Curry 2752 ( Eg. 88, 80b ). ? brigach .i. mbruigech, O'Mulc. 155. la céssad sluaig brígaig `of a vigorous host', Fél. Feb. 15. Eoin Baubtais[t] brigach .i. craibthech `John Baptist the mighty', O'Dav. 1452 ( Fél. Prol. 101 - 102 ). ar maccan brigach barrfind, Thes. ii 291.13 . banchath b.¤ `vehement women's war', 327.17 (Hy. v). breisim lāi brātha brígaig `mighty', Ériu iii 30 § 13. mor mbuiden mbrigach (brigmur, v.l.), CCath. 6022 . b.¤ a chert (rhet.) great his justice, LU 3403 ( SCC 18 ). fírén brighach buasamuil, O'D. 2212 (Nero A vii, 146b). In cheville: b.¤ fodail `a mighty division' (of the saints), Fél. Ep. 290. As subst. ro b'é in bríghach buanbladach `the disdainful one', SG 137.17 (Acall.).

céillid(e), cíallaid(e)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. céillid(e), cíallaid(e) or dil.ie/8464
Last Revised: 2019

adj (cíall). bean chiallaidh, IGT Decl. § 136 .

(a) relating to sense or meaning : coibnes ciallaide na liachtan-sa `connexion of sense', PH 4406 . 7837 . eitercheart ┐ mīnugad cīallaidi in anma, ITS xxxiv 102 § 52 . Prob. also in: for cech innsge iter ciallaide no neamciallaide, Auraic. 3032 . Text doubtful in: do reir ro ciallaide na mbreth, Laws iv 36.17 Comm.

(b) sensible, intelligent, reasonable : A. . . . / in craebh confada cēillidh (ceallaig. MS. : ḟēnnigh), ZCP viii 226 § 17 . labra ciallaidhe etymol. gl. on celebrad, Ériu xvii 68.10 ( Laws iv 210 ). So also Laws v 178.23 Comm. tart na ccuradh nīor chēillidh (: Éibhir) was beyond reason, O'R. Poems 874 . glár céillidhe, DDána 109.2 . ciallaidh (: fiallaigh), 108.13 . Mac Ceithearnoigh cialloidhe, Top. Poems² 604 . an cheathardhúil chialluighe ` wise-formed ', A. Ó Dálaigh xlviii 30 . ann gach chás chéillidh `in every reasonable case', Content. v 10 . macaemh ceillidhe comhfhossaidh, AFM v 1822.18 . bídh mo chomhrādh fírinneach . . . cēillidh, Parrth. Anma 6391 . fa chúis chert chéllidhe `reasonable cause', RSClára 87a .

Compar. nícon festor . . . / banscál badid cíallaidiu, Liad. and Cuir. 16.8 .

As subst. don uile cheillidhe, Luc. Fid. 3425 (= adultus, Gloss.). ? gráin gach éinḟir iar n-a éag / céillidh ba cáir dá choimhéad `'twere wisdom to remember', Aithd. D. 80.23 .

1 cert

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cert or dil.ie/8787
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: cirt, ceirt, ceart, cirt, cearta

(Lat. certus). As adj. o, ā.

(a) correct, right, proper, fitting : is ámin tra as c.¤ in testimin-so, Ml. 62c7 . ni c.¤ ind ḟlesc sa huasind .m., Sg. 40b16 . foraice c.¤ `genau richtiger Wert', Cóic Con. 50 § 98 (see below under subst. use). cona tochmaghad a choir cirt, Ériu xiii 17.16 = c.¤ , O'Dav. 378 . cen claind cirt without ordinary children, LU 4305 ( SG 84.30 ). nocho ch.¤ na cubaid `it was not right or fitting', CRR 30.9 . nó go n-aimsear an uair cheart the destined hour, Dán Dé xvii 9 . stiúir cheart . . . na g-cóigeadhach (of a person), ML 86.7 . ní ceart d'ēinneach a rádh . . . it is wrong to say, Párl. na mB. 58 .

(b) fair, just : bad ch.¤ do cluchi frim fight fair, LU 5228 . breth ch.¤ , LL 30395 . comrama . . . / Cerbaill c[h]irt na náem `just', RC xxix 211 § 7 ( LL 6720 ).

(c) Of material objects etc. straight, even: sreth-linedha certa coiri, CCath. 5285 (`small', cf. 2 cert). baill certa comcoire, BB 427b15 . cetra colamna certa `straight', Stair Erc. 1377 . gersat certa . . . cimsa . . . catha, MR 254.4 . tennbhuille c.¤ casúir, IGT Decl. ex. 913 . dlúthmhong cheart, DDána 99.32 . slighe . . . cam cheart ` symmetrical ', Magauran 909 .

(d) Of numbers, quantities etc. exact, precise: co colainderce c.¤ `exact amount', Bretha 23 . da fítt ch.¤ chutrume `two exactly equal rations', Mon. Tall. 161.9 (§ 80) . deich mbliadna certa, BB 53a6 . tricha tren[ḟ]er ar cet c.¤ , MacCarthy 28.2 .

(e) Adv. ci[u]rt cóir `properly and rightly', cited GOI 239 from Laws ii 306.5 ( ZCP xiv 379 ). ní fail doruirme co c.¤ ` rightly ', Thes. ii 344.1 (Hy.v). cet co c.¤ `a hundred exactly', MacCarthy 314.z . go ceart indeed, Content. vi 242 . go ceart rómhad `straight before thee', Proverbs iv 25 .

(f) Compar. ní foigbe . . . / félire bas certu, Fél. Ep. 148 . nī turmi sechtu nach sūi / bas certu atá cōe, ZCP v 499 § 10 . is certiu in dedenach `more exact', Auraic. 1134 . an mbía duine marbhthach ní as ceirte ná Día?, Job iv 17 . is ceirtidde in chomāirim, ZCP iii 18.2 .

As subst. o, n. m., IGT Decl. § 63 (g s. cirt and ceirt, d s. ceart and cirt etc.). Cf. g s. cearta, Maguires of F. 95 . i or ā (dar ceirt, Cog. 56.11 ), ZCP xlix-l 619 .

(g) the right, what is proper, correctness : ar amainse ar chirt ar calmatus, LU 10300 (see also s. 2 cert). c.¤ cen tinne, ZCP viii 196 § 14 . misi robai for in cirt, YBL 173a16 . Cf. SG 70.13 . ceart na riaghla `fulfilling of the law', A. Ó Dálaigh xxi 1 . ceart ag duine is bheith go bocht, Dán Dé xxvii 27 . ar cheart ar chumas n-adhbhann ` correctness ' (of harping), Studies 1920, 98 § 9 . ó cheart `rightly', Content. vi 155 . ón cheart, xxiii 3 . an chalann do-chuaidh tar ceart which has transgressed, DDána 44.2 . do réir chirt, Rev. xix 11 . ? cach aen bereas(?) c.¤ cirt, LB 220b59 .

(h) In phr. ina chirt, i cirt, c.¤ properly, rightly, as is fitting : mac in tṡaír a llus in táil / do chumma in chláir ina chirt (: ṡlicht) `aright', Ériu ix 49 § 28 . firfes firindi ina cirt fri dala deithbiri, YBL 181a2 ( SG 254.23 ). is amlaidh so . . . anas dian aireng in-a cirt coir gan impod, BB 289b20 . dia mbe hi cciort, Leb. Gab.(i) 46.28 . atá ina cc.¤ le ceile (of a pact), BNnÉ 251.11 . co roibi ingen do righ paganta a c.¤ aigi `was his lawful wife', ZCP vi 289.16 .

(i) In quasi-legal sense of right, claim, entitlement : Lebor na Cert, title of tract on rights and privileges of kings, see BR and BR2. fris-saighe a cc.¤ , Ériu xiii 34.6 . dofet a c.¤ certaib `her rights', Laws i 124.10 . fer . . . saiges a ch.¤ do cech oén la Ultu, LU 8148 . ag tabairt cirt do Chríst cháidh `rendering an account', Manners and Customs ii 63.y . do bhean ceart díot an duine, Dán Dé xxviii 17 . dála, ceart, daingin orra, `Espousals', Eg. Gl. 243 . With follg. gen. c.¤ n-athar ┐ seanathar, BDD² 163 . augtar . . . / sluindfes c.¤ clainne C., Fing. R. 866 . c.¤ cech cōicid, ACL iii 303 § 5 . c.¤ cech ríg `tribute', KMMisc. 260 § 1 . ó chiort na gcuradh, Content. xxx 22 . i gceart a mháthar `in right of his mother', Keat. ii 5138 . go n-díoghlainn mo chomhdhaltadha fair . . . a g-ciort chloidhimh by the sword, ML 110.3 . With follg. prep. muna ḟuil ceart ag óigh air `rights as against Him', Aithd. D. 86.18 . c.¤ Maodhócc ar shluag Mhancach, BNnÉ 248 § 202 . mo cheart ar an tír, Maguires of F. 90 . ceart cinnte . . . ar ré shíordhaidhe d'fhagháil absolute right to, TSh. 529 . ceart . . . ré coimhéad, 5130 . ná sir c.¤ a cumhail deilgi, IGT Decl. ex. 1238 . gan c.¤ . . . do bheth ag nech in aoinní `right . . . in any thing', RSClára 146b .

(j) justice, fair dealing : luid co chinel do c.¤ friu `to demand justice', Laws i 70.9 Comm. na tair chucum dar firc., TBC-LL¹ 3491 . gidh tréan thú ní chuinge acht ceart, Dán Dé xxvii 14 . dá ndéanmaois ceart d'imirt oraibh, Maguires of F. 61 . do cheart = iustitia, TSh. 4813 . a gille, ar siad, inn gabaid coma no c.¤ uainn?, ZCP xiii 240.11 .

For daimid c.¤ see daimid.

With dliged: tar ceart no dligedh, Laws ii 70.2 . conid he sin c.¤ ┐ dliged lenait saxain for goedelu, Fél.² clxxxvii 9 .

(k) As technical term used of one of several legal processes: coic conara fugill . . . c.¤ , Cóic Con. 15 § 1 (`genau richtig'). cuir ┐ cundartha etc. d'acrau forin conair fugill is c.¤ , 20 § 13 . tacra cutrumma for cirt, 24 § 26 . bid c.¤ im cotomus folada etc. the legal process c. shall apply in the case of equal assessment of objects, 50 § 98 . For etymologies see 29 § 13 .

(l) With follg. gen. proper arrangement or procedure, correct way of doing something .: ni dāmair c.¤ catha doib fair battle, b. according to the rules of war(?), Rawl. 131b45 . See LL 4902 , ML² 946 . o cirt cobrainne `by just partition', Laws iv 44.8 . c.¤ comlaind, LL 33979 . tré cheart gcomhráidh, Ir. Syll. Poetry 40 § 6 . c.¤ crandcair, BB 244b34 . c.¤ imthechta, MR 318.23 . c.¤ natha,. Ériu xiii 18.16 (in list of metr. terms). Note also : c.¤ sléibe Fúait `true story', Metr. Dinds. iv 168.44 .

(m) Freq. in IGT as technical term declensional form (of noun or verbal noun): na crotha dona ceartuibh ó mbeantur comhfhocal, IGT Introd. § 2 (2.17) . cáoladh ceirt (e.g. lámh, don láimh), § 14 (6.11) . feabhas, fiú, féin, dég (an áirmhe), focuil gan cheart indeclinables, § 122 . greagh, c.¤ lethan tríd sis as cóir aige, Decl. § 45 . c.¤ persan mar sin sís aige (after forms of eadradh), § 49 . scológ (ceart baininnsgne aigi) is inflected like a feminine, § 12 . tegmáil . . . c.¤ ar a comair air féin aigi, Verbs § 2 . faigsin etc. . . . cirt ar a comair aca, § 4 . bleagan ┐ dligsin (dít), inand gabaid acht ar a certuibh i.e. the verbs are conjugated in the same way but their verbal nouns belong to different types, § 36 .

(n) Less freq. in sense of correctness, permissibility , somet. opposed to canamain anomalous (form): trí mairg, cóir do chiort, trí mharg, cóir do chanamhain, IGT Introd. § 18 (8.31) . úaibreach do chanamhain atá, úabrach an c.¤ , IGT Decl. § 17 . .c. .d. neith ceirt ┐ canamna, Verbs § 45 . imram, imirt . . . a ndénmas .n. cirt, § 101 . .d. .n. cirt ┐ canamna, § 112 .

(o) In chevilles: as gach ciort, SG 35.24 . ní cói ceirt, Metr. Dinds. iv 164.27 . dia do cheart, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 356.1 .

In compds. usually straight, direct, exact, precise, less frequently right, just, proper.

With nouns. ¤agaid. Usually in prep. phr. with i, ar: i certagaidh na gáithe directly against the wind, CCath. 3927 . tarla do D. . . . ina chertagidh met him face to face, ZCP xiv 240.8 . dēnamh ar a gcert-agaidh go F. straight ahead, Fl. Earls 24.28 . Note also: du-s-rat a chert-aghaidh . . . forsan athair `it turned its . . . face on the father', 136.25 . a fírchlethe a chendmullaig hi certairdi from the very top of his head, LU 6475 . ūas an mbaile a certairde right up over the stead, Ériu iii 168 § 25 . ni hicthar ni fris acht certaithgin, Laws v 254.18 Comm. iar certbliadain, Rawl. 76a36 . certbrecad ┐ ollbrecad, IT iii 76 § 40 (see p. 131 and breccad). M. . . . an ceirtbhreitheamh `just judge', Keat. ii 3658 . confad C. ┐ a cheart-bhriathra, MR 160.20 . certchaictighis ó maireach, Cog. 104.34 . fa ceart-comair a craide directly in front of, MR 260.14 . ceartchosair ceithri ndroṅg, BDD² 811 (`a proper litter', Gloss.). sechtmoga mac . . . / achertchúmma d'ingenaib exact equivalent, SR 1972 . c. cumal `an exact c.', Bretha 31 . na chertdegaid directly after him, LL 15318 . no gur comroinnestair . . . a craide ar certdō dō in two equal halves, MR 260.16 . Duan. F. i 35 . for cert-druim in cat[h]a, CCath. 4881 . a cúic do cert duibh to an all-black (cow), O'Gr. Cat. 145.11 . ina c[h]ertḟar[r]adh, ZCP viii 210.31 . ceart-fheadh na n-arm . . . eatorra, ML 84.28 . nert C. certfir .i. ind ḟir cheirt, Gorm. Apr. 18 and gl. trī ceirtfichit muc mór exactly sixty, Ériu xvii 20 § 13 . ¤gáe see separate article. i certghuin cath, BB 53a25 . certiarraid exact fosterage-fee, Laws iii 312.12 Comm. an ceirtiomagallaimh, Ériu xiii 36.21 . certimain `proper driving', Laws i 288.11 Comm. na huili uisci do dhul ina certinadh cóir féin taranais arís, RC xxviii 310 § 3 . cert-láech a true warrior, MU² 538 . ar certlár mo thaige very middle, LL 38552 . rochaith a chertleth (i.e. of the apple), MacCarthy 46.16 . is a certlogh dic `exact value', Laws iv 250.21 Comm. certmac oglaigh `an average son' (Plummer MS. notes) Cf. ceartmhac, `fils légitime', Études Celt. xii 524 , oppd. to ardmhac o., O'Curry 285 ( H 3.18, 157 ). ina certmedón right in the middle of it, LU 2057 . dar certmedōn hĒrenn, Corp. Gen. 206.14 . atchiu clothrig . . . / cotngaib inna chertraind . . . / o crund co fraig who divides it equally(?), LU 7375 (of Conaire. `exact share', BDD2 Gloss.). co certsála sís right down to the heels, BDD² 1268 . ro an ina certsesam, Stair Erc. 350 . cearttharsna ar aicme ailme `straight across for group A' (of fingers across shin-bone in cossogam), Auraic. 5783 . do cert-tochus `of his exact property', Laws v 32.21 Comm. curson comnart certtrebtha, Leb. Cert.² 156.5 . certtrícha ruaid-each, 8.10 .

With adjj. an crios corr, ceart-bhláith, MR xiv 7 . certinann ré exactly the same period, Anecd. i 26 § 11 . a Chrīst chóeim certgenmnaid `truly chaste', Ériu iii 14 § 10 . at chonnarc and Coin Culaind certlaín `perfect', Études Celt. v 155.27 . in tan ata certnua in cin. No ata certnua in cro recent(?), O'Curry 609 ( H 3.18, 297 ). ni coir gnuis bidbaid itir crú ceartnua .i. is nua in fala no go lesaighther, 2282 ( Eg. 88, 21 (22)a ).

With adjj. formed from nouns: a chomhdail an Airdrígh certbreathaigh just, RC xxviii 326 § 23 . certbriathrach (of a judge), Irish Texts iv 27.2 . eannach . . . ceart-foirgneamhach `well-fashioned', MR xiv 13 . i pongc ceirtmedonach an domain, YBL 169a3 . certronnach `justly-dividing', Gorm. 16 gl .

With verbs: c.¤ gabais Congal Cairpri's in comlund, MR 244.4 . is follus as sin co nach certtiaghait (-tuicit?) lucht in Uraicepta-sa co mbad e Laidin . . . , Auraic. 1127. 4047 .

clithach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clithach or dil.ie/9512

adj o, ā (clith) protective, close, sheltering : etach c.¤ n-aluinn n-etrom, O'Curry 218 ( H 3.18, 114 ). glas clum caille clithaige, LL 13662 . Metaph. tria chert clitach protective law(?), Todd Nenn. 246.8 (= LL 16083 ). ? Compar. clithcu errgind anfig, O'D. 2196 (Nero A vii, 135b).

comdíchra

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comdíchra or dil.ie/11015

adj (díchra) equally (very) eager, zealous: comdicra bar curaid, MR 126.10 . da chert-bheim . . . comdichra, 298.20 . na catha . . . coimdhícra, CF² 1042 . Adv. co coimdichra `with equal fervour', CCath. 5538. 5849 . Hugh Roe² 262.19 .

comgarg

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comgarg or dil.ie/11273

adj (garg) (equally, very) fierce: na catha cródai cómgharga, Alex. 127 . da chert-bheim . . . chomgarga, MR 298.20 .

con-airléici

Cite this: eDIL s.v. con-airléici or dil.ie/11978

Forms: conairleicter, comairlecea, comairléciud, -cthe

v (* com-air-léic-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 563 ). In O. Ir. glosses usually with -ei-, -i-, but cf. -comairléce, Ml. 77d7 , and see Vn. and Part. permits, allows; lets go: conairleicter gl. dimittuntur, Ml. 62b19 . nad comairlecea gl. nihil . . . admittere, 27a7 . in tain conairleci inna bochtu fochumachtu innasommae, 27d10 . nachamchomairlíc hí fochaid, 32d5 . conairleicthea asin doiri ho Chir gl. omnes a Cyro . . . dimisi sunt, 34d21 . cotrairléic som ón intí Dia gl. Deus . . . permisserit, 44d16 . indaroncomarlecis ni gl. nos . . . permisisti, 77d6 (leg. indanroch., note). iarsindi cotanrairlic hi ndóiri `after letting us go into the captivity', 125a9 . ra chomairléic F. . . . a choibled do dénam, MU² 146 . naro comarleicc Dia . . . forbad an neith ro imluaidh, Grail 1396 .

With prepp. governing indirect obj.: conairleci dílgud ar pecthae ṅdún, Ml. 105c9 . cein nant rochomarleic som dunni `as long as He did not permit us', 53d9 . rocomarleced . . . do loim midc dochumasc ar usciu `it was permitted him', Mon. Tall. 143.24 . níro comarléic Día dó, Trip.² 514 . hé cotnarlaic iar cóir chert / doib anisin, SR 3659 . Dia condarolegea do faisdine (of the devil), ZCP xxx 153.28 = cotarléci, Alex. 1025 . nir comairlécc R. dóibh `did not consent', AFM iii 634.18 . is for tarbai ro-comarléiced do'n rig co ro-thechtad claideb, PH 4077 . cid comarlecther foraib do daul immach `that they should be allowed', Mon. Tall. 147.2 . In difft. sense: ro comhairleicc fri a choimfhialus . . . dul . . . ┐ ro cedaighset dhó `sought leave', Leb. Gab.(i) 222.15 .

In follg. approximating to meaning advises, recommends, orders (cf. con-airlethar, comairligid, and use 1 cet II (b) of 1 cet): ra comarliced accusom dano. Cia bad chóir they took counsel. LL 22637 ( CRR 2 ). ra comarleiced comairle ac E. mac L. . . . Cach beó da aissec, etc., 22879 ( 17 ). ro comairleicc fri hAdhamh én uball do bén dí, D IV 2, 42 va22 . ro comhairleicc d'Ua R. ┐ dia muinntir toidhecht dia ttighibh `advised', AFM vi 2200.7 . go ro comhairléicc an bhainrioghain . . . d'Iarla . . . tocht . . . do cabhair, vi 2272.7 (see n.). Less certainly: dia comuirlege in eagluis tir lais ` advise ', Laws iii 66.22 Comm.

Vn. comairléciud. Part. -cthe.

cubaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cubaid or dil.ie/13383

Forms: cuibdi, -e, cobaid, cobaidh, cobfid, cobhuidh, chobaid, cubaidh

adj pl. cuibdi, -e (com + fid, GOI §§ 128 , 345 , 830 ). cobaid, Ml. 14d11 . cobaidh, Laws i 136.10 Comm. cobfid, Auraic. 957 . cobhuidh: soraidh, DDána 114.4 .

I

(a) harmonious, in accord, agreeing : nir chuibde ciar chomlabra `they [shrieks] were discordant though uttered together', RC vii 298 § 137 ( LL 29226 ). cuibdius c.¤ / ac na helaib, ZCP vii 309.21 , `tuneful music', Murphy Lyrics 30.2 . nidat cuibde a comanmand `their names are no sweet symphonies', MacCongl. 7.16 . ceōla cuibdi na n-aingel, ZCP viii 114 § 9 . re cliathaib crithre, cuibdi, comraitecha ciuil, MR 110.y . ar nirbat cuibdi a cocrícha cían remi, LL 31032 (`their boundaries had not been harmonious', TTr. 213 ). imon crích . . . / níptar cuibde comrainne `were not agreed in partnership', Metr. Dinds. iv 16. 8 (Dubthir) = rapdar . . . , LL 30526 . roslechta leis . . . / .uii. maige certa cuibde, 2196 . Cheville: ainm c.¤ , Auraic. 2117 . Of physical activity or action concerted; agreed upon: imram . . . c.¤ comaontadach, ML² 657 . mat cuibdi ┐ fer laime . . . Manbet cuibdi (`if there be accomplices', Plummer MS notes), Laws i 244.1 , 3 Comm. ? cia biat cuidbi aen érce. Munub cuidbi aen érca is secht cumula cacha láimhe can cinnedh, O'D. 517 ( H 3.17, 420 ). See cuibdius. equal, (with) (in), matched: na tri Aedana ardda / ropsat cuibdi comṡelgga, LL 28804 . cidat cuibdi comriata inn echradsin nídat comdatha well-matched , LL 13906 . bāmar cuibhdhe cōim-t[h]rēna, ML² 2080 .

(b) fitting, meet, becoming; proper, right : áile suidhe n-árd n-esartha. i mbí clúmh chubhaidh cosartha (request for a dwelling), Ériu xiii 40.12 ` suitable ', Murphy Lyrics p. xiv (note). m'itche c.¤ coir `meet and fitting prayer', Ériu xix 3 § 4 . do mac cóir ch.¤ Cherbaill, LU 4324 . ro-po ch.¤ co ro-cloitea o mac na hóige .i. Crist, PH 2022 . nocho chert na c.¤ , CRR 22 . na ceithre comhfhocail cuibhdhi `the four fit . . . maxims', MR 90.4 . Clann Onc[h]on c.¤ comlān ` righteous ', BColm. 52.6 . caillecha dubha / craibhtecha, cubdhe, 'na chill, BNnÉ 152.12 . cubhaidh = comely , Isaiah iv 2 . F. ab cubaidh Ardmacha `legimate abbot', TFrag. 140 note p . an chanóin chubhoidh (of scripture), DDána 20.31 . ro bud cubuidh dire do beth doib ina setuib `would be meet', Laws ii 402.29 Comm. c.¤ desidhe gemadh he trian na codach etc., iv 198.4 Comm. guin daighfhir cró níor chubhaidh `was not meet', RC xlix 169 § 5 . fuair tríonn créachta nar chubhaidh, DDána 40.17 . neach nār iomchair an umhla mar budh cubhaidh, Beatha S. F. 2167 .

With following prepp. DO, FRI (LA): is ulcach Cú Ch. is c.¤ do niaid comrac fris (`it is fitting for', Faraday), LU 6133 (TBC). frepuide cuibde di cech pheccad `appropriate remedies for every sort of sin', Rule of Tallaght 80 § 59 . ro-po c.¤ duit, etc., PH 2345 . ceit[h]re trīr . . . / cuibde re gach les, Ériu i 39 § 6 . gēb-sa lethrand dūs in ba c.¤ frissa ṅgēba-som to see if it fits yours (a half-quatrain of verse), Fing. R. 119 . ni mó na re bochtaib tróga bud ch.¤ beth innte, Todd Lect. vi 44.5 . re chéile isad cuibhdhe they suit each other, DDána 98.29 . ni cubhaidh lena nadúir cennaighecht `trading does not suit his nature', Ériu v 172.157 .

Compar. concinnore .i. as chubaithiu, Ml. 145b3 . ga craebh coibhneasa as cuibhdhe do cheastnughadh `fitter', MR 98.1 . As superl. is friu as cuibhdhi sin fria drochdhainib, Lism. L. 4058 . duit as cuibhdhe cró do shean most befitting, DDána 74.60 . Adv. in chobaid gl. concinnenter, Ml. 14d11 . go cubaidh , ZCP viii 114.22 . co c.¤ comaontadhach, ML² 682 .

II As subst. = cuibdius.

(a) In metr. sense: cid a chubhaidh ? . . . coibhḟiodh ann sin ar an ní as ionann fiodh airegdha benus an dá ḟocal in imḟregra; ar gé ni dleghar dona bardaibh eolus i ffedhaibh . . . dlegar doibh a cubhaid techta do urmuisi, ┐ do aithne fria cluais, ┐ aignedh, Ériu xiii 43.y - 44.2 . Cf. O'Dav. 771 . rann . . . as ionann c.¤ a imfregra ina leth toisioch, ┐ ina leth dhéghenach (following ex. shows a: b, c: d), Ériu xiii 44.7 . con-ricce a chubhaidh fri araill (of comharc bairdne), 43.31 . O'Dav. 48 . cach da thæbomna ar fid hi c.¤, cach da cobfid i c.¤: is ed is c.¤ iarum co robe an fid cetna beas isna foclaib in imfreccrai, ┐ co rob inand a lin du tæbomna beas intib, ut est, bas ┐ las, etc., Auraic. 957 . cubhaidh comfada (one of the sixteen parts of poetry), IT iii 29.21 . In name of metre: debide doceil a c.¤ , IT iii 17 § 43 , Murphy Metrics 65 `which conceals its rime', p. 78 . See ánchubaid, salchubaid, de-chubaid

(b) In general sense: congbhaidh do chubhaidh `maintain thy sway', Oss. vi 148.7 . ? focheil Bé san tulaig the / dagné fon ch.¤ Ceilbe ` suitably ', Metr. Dinds. iii 58.56 .

1 cucht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cucht or dil.ie/13415

Forms: cacht

n u. See GOI § 76 . external appearance, form, shape, aspect : c.¤ ┐ (.i. v.l.) cuinnsi ┐ cruth .i. ecusc . . . cid cnedhach a cuinnsi c.¤ `his countenance (and) shape', O'Dav. 344 . cuinsi .i. . . . cid cnedach a cuinsi c.¤ (sic leg., cacht, text), Corm. Y 383 `her face (and) form', Corm. Transl. 47 . dlighidh cumal lettrian fria cuinnse c.¤ ara dínsem `the beauty of his face', Laws iv 350.5 Comm. c.¤ .i. gné, O'Cl. ar ch.¤ in (sic leg. ?, ed. p. 380, glossed .i. gne, ib.) chia `in form of the man (?)', ZCP iii 378.16 (B. na f.) = ar tucht (.i. gné) an cía, v 484 § 7 (B. na f.). duine co ce[i]ll is co c.¤ , BB 7b55 . is caem do ch.¤ , IT i 123.16 ( TE 9 ). Aed . . . ropo rigda a ch.¤ (: chnucc) `kingly of form', Metr. Dinds. iv 356.82 . Ériu v 222.41 . clí co ndeochair chuchta cain `notable for goodly shape', Metr. Dinds. iii 338.7 . B. gusun c.¤ cuimnech coir `of the model, etc. ', MacCarthy 426 .y . Attrib. g s. da trian a clainne cuchta shapely (?), LL 733 (Leb. Gab.). With transfd. meaning: ba derb la mac Luc[h]ta ille / feib do cuchta cēlmuine as from an utterance made by a wraith (?), ZCP xiv 43 § 3 ( LL 27306 ).

Conjunctional phrase: ba machtad . . . la muntir P. in c.¤ imrulaiseat how they . . . , CCath. 2653 .

Appar. colour (cf. Thurn. ad loc. cit.) in: cettemain cain ree . . . c.¤ [crann], Ériu xxii 41 § 1 `colour'. luss dosber dath no c.¤ in faciem cu mbi derg, Corm. 39 . Corm. Y 1094 . Cóir Anm. 134 (expl. of epithet Ruanaid).

In chevilles: fo ch.¤ chert in proper form, SR 2639. 3155 . fo c.¤ cain `fair of colour', Leb. Gab.(i) 16.5 .

Compds. cóeca caillech co cruth cuchtban ` fair-coloured ', Fél.² cxliii 4 . adconnairc ingin caim . . . cuchtglain, RC xxiv 272 § 3 . a cuctlí, Todd Nenn. 130.19 .

deilm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. deilm or dil.ie/15200
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: delm, ndeilm, delm, delmae, delma, delmo, dealman, deilm, delmaim, delm, drithdelm, delmann

n orig. n, n. n s. also delm, LL 356b44 , 36b32 , SR 31 , et pass. (: sern, SR 5029 , but also deilm, 2811 , 3671 , 4983 , etc.), Ériu iv 136.3 (deilm, v.l.), BB 400b19 , SG 253.28 . n s. (with art.) a ndeilm , IT i 67.11 . Later somet. treated as m. or f., SR 5123 , LL 43b41 , 143b29 , delm chert , SR 31 (but d.¤ cert, 1533 ). g s. in delmae , FB 85 , Fél. Apr. 7 ; delma, LL 29b42 , 126a40 , BB 396a16 , Ériu ii 100 § 6 , §7 , 192 § 1 , SG 253.27 ; na delmo , Ériu ii 192 § 1 (v.l.); an dealman , ib. d s. deilm, LL 5b15 ; delmaim, Fél. Prol. 154 , Ep. 127 (-aimm), ZCP iii 22.9 , O'Dav. 641 (-uim). a s. delm, SR 1767 , drithdelm (: iffern), BB 279b4 . a p. inna delmann , Ériu ii 128 § 95 .

I Loud, confused or rumbling noise or din: d.¤ .i. torann, Lec. Gl. 63 .i. . . . foghar no torann, O'Cl. .i. foghur no grith no gair, O'Dav. 641 .

(a) Of thunder, sea, storms, conflict: dochuaid torrainn-breisim isinn aer . . . asbert L. oc cloistecht in delma . . ., SG 253 . a nd.¤ isnaib neluib amal fhogur torainn, Ériu ii 100 . co cúala . . . amal bid fótrond fairrci dimóre. Ni fordámair . . . cen techt do descin in delmæ móir rochuala, FB § 85 . cen d.¤ cen toraind, FA § 35 . dothaet athach gaethe móre . . . conostarat uile i socht mór mét in delma, LL 126a40 . d.¤ in gaeth, 254a10 . do delmaim in mōrchetha, ZCP iii 22. 9 . ria nd.¤ ṅdílend, LL 5b15 (cf. tan tanic diliu, delm n-uag, SR 2265 and LL 6b35 ). d.¤ catha, Fél. June 29 . inna delmann ticfet in mbith la uath mbratha, Ériu ii 128 . Without direct reference to audibility: co torchair tria deilm ngaíthe mori 'until it [the oak] fell in the tumult of a great storm', BCC² 233.327 .

(b) Less freq. of men or animals: ní bec a nd.¤ dogniat ind eoin, IT iii 244 . co ndelmaim a ṅgretha, Fél. Prol. 154 . ró grecha in lenab ina broind . . . `cid diatá a nd.¤ sea', IT i 67 . mo chur fo chrithdelm chaire | i nIffern to doom me to wail and tremble, SR 1767 .

(c) Of noise made in the intestines, crepitus ventris, fart: ní cumaing ben a fegad cen maidm a delma esti, Todd Nenn. 202.1 = Fél.² cxlv (cf. verse ib.: matchí cech ben, báigid braigid). ata ben is'tir . . . maidid essi a d.¤ amal cloich a tailm, ACC Bodl., RC xx 158 .

II Report, tidings, rumour, fame: mór mairg mor d.¤ ṅdiolaiṅg, LU 537 (ACC); hence: easbaidh choluim . . . ac sin an d.¤ díḟulaing, BCC § 364 = an d.¤ dhiofhulaing, O'Cl. s.v. is d.¤ a eolus la hErinn huili his knowledge is noised abroad throughout all Ireland, RC iii 345 . ? na daerclanna gan delm n-oll, BB 279b4 . ca d.¤ is deacra inār nd.¤? (.i. ca sgēl . . . ?), ZCP v 488 (B. na f.). Cf. also: assu leiss cech d.¤ dub dall | indá teidm do threnḟulang any dark mysterious rumour (i.e. disaster) seemed to him easier to bear (?), LL 143b29 .

III The follg. cases are doubtful: cach nd.¤ de cen iasacht, Críth G. 179 (see notes). delm cuinnealg tuatha, Laws ii 102 (= d.¤ conualai tuaith, 122 ), possibly a case of II.

1 día n-

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 día n- or dil.ie/15846
Last Revised: 2019

(later dá n-) conj.

(a) with pret. when: dia luid Duaid for longais tri glenn I. dambidc Semei di chlochaib, Ml. 68c4 . Ml. 52 . P. dia mbói i llobrai | ad-cobra dul do Machi, Hy. ii 45 . rí romol Semeon . . . | dia mbái icon glanaltóir, SR 7558 . rí rosaer Petur . . . dia lluid co Crist, 7395 . diarluid He. fectas do sruth I. luid in sruth for cúl, 7145 . Sucait a ainm o thustidib, Cothraigi dia mbai ic fognam do cethrur, Trip.² 204 = IT i 17 . is annsin conbocht fīr fer fairsom a llāsin, dia lotar in cōicer cucaisom fon oenme, TBC-I¹ 1739 . da mbamar ic S. . . . is amaraen imriaghmais, 2654 ( TBC-LL¹ 3465 , 3529 ). danamthuc M. robam céle comadas, LU 3971 ( SCC 45 ). romid do chach díb a chert dia | mbatar (= mar badar, BB 42a20 ) 'con tṡelgairecht, LL 14b7 . rofaillsiged do A. . . . día ro escomla a anim asa churp . . . ┐ día rucad dochum richid, FA 3 (LU). nirbo chian do Ch. dia mbaí and co facca . . . na longa, CRR § 11 . na mucca diamtar dóine `the swine, when they were men', Metr. Dinds. iii 386 . dia mbatar i nEmuin . . . daimtis cert, ZCP viii 218 . dorúmenair co mba Dia dia fhacca in spirut noem do thuidecht fair, PH 4790 . is é thug tríocha creach a B. dia raibhe . . . ag imluadh cogaidh, Keat. ii 4294 .

(b) With subj. if. neg. mani, earlier dina, dena, Ériu xx 229 . With pres. subj.: ní lour in bendachad dia mmaldachae, ní lour dano in nebmaldachad mani bendachae, Wb. 5d23 . dia mbemmi hi combás bemmi i comindocbáil, 24a10 . for ṅgnimrada diamat glain . . . do berthar nem . . . do chach, SR 1461 . is col duin dia foirglem, Fél. Ep. 98 . foircis dliged . . . dianad bē feineachas; muna bē feineachas tellais, Laws iv 18 . dia cloadarsom indí sin . . . ní fil ní . . . na dénat, Mon. Tall. § 26 . dia mbat rī bit rīghcerdach, ACL iii 314 . dia ructar ar mna daera uáinn biait ar mna soera for brointib ┐ bemi cin blicht ma ructar ar mbai blechtai uán, ZCP ix 148 ( TBC-I¹ 1129 ). diamsat fissid . . . ro- pad mithig duit eirge, TFerbe 352 . mad iat do charait bes and . . . da mbad iat, bar C., rapad lugaiti bar n-eneclannsi, CRR § 11 . dia ngaba mh' ḟorcetul-sa . . . notuaslaicfind . . . ┐ biat ri, Anecd. iii 74.12 . da fagair na móra finna . . . tabair iat, ZCP viii 113 . dia fhélltair form' fiachaib filid dia n-aīr if I am cheated of my dues, let poets satirize them, MacCongl. 45.y . da n-icat mo screpulsa . . . guidimsi mo Tigherna nachastí nach plaigh, Anecd. ii 34 . da raib accumsa a fis . . . do gebasu, Acall. 6294 . dá rabh ocumsa . . . sin do ghébthar, 80 . dia n-accara nech cen etach, tabair etach dó, PH 4960 . caithfidh bheith creachach . . . | dá raibh duine dasachtach, TD 20.6 . With neg. dina, dena: on do fiur adbaill, dena ro nastar tasicc fair 'a loan to a man who [subsequently] dies unless [its] return have been bound on him' Laws v 370.6 , Ériu xx 229 . feraid insci dina rochar arra 'he makes a statement if the consideration cannot be declared (?)' O'Dav. § 887 , Ériu xx 230 . ni aighne dinad aenaighe[d]ar for aein ai 'he is no [proper] advocate if he does not unite on one of them' ZCP xii 364 , Ériu xx 230 . dina derlaiter (? leg. derlathar) dil 'if it cannot be removed' Bretha 42 § 32 , Ériu xx 230 . dona bi (? leg. dina bē) iarair 'if there be no [previous] claim' Bretha 46 § 37 , Ériu xx 230 . Neg. with infix. pronoun: dinach | dime deithbiri 'unless justification shelter him' Laws iii 536.31 , Ériu xx 230 . donnach bē (? leg. mbē) asa tormastar sēoit d(h)ō cheana 'unless he have [something] else out of which séoit are increased for him (i.e. by which his property is increased) ' Ir. Recht 73 , Ériu xx 230 . dinach gell guaissi (? leg. -guasa) i n-anma (? leg. ainmne) ail, Bretha 36 § 23 , Ériu xx 231 . diani chel 'that I do not hide it' Celtica xv 33 § 8 . With past subj.: robad bethu dom dianchomalninn, Wb. 3c28 . dia mbad athirge dognéth . . . dodilgfitis do . . . a chinta, SR 1409 . dia mbeindse for mo nirt, ni tóethsitís in macrad, TBC-I¹ 1856 . diamtís Ulaid nobetis immalle frimsa ní fuléṅgtha in cath, TFerbe 396 . día mbeth dóine . . . istaig . . . dogénut écnach, MacCongl. 49.7 . da mad tol duib no-indfaind-sea bar ceist were it agreeable to you, I should . . ., PH 19 . atraigsetar ferg Ḟoraind friu dia torsed for cúlu, Ériu iv 142 . gá luagh dobérad sibh dham . . . dá tucaind bhur bhḟir féin cuguib?, Acall. 976 . dia mairedh . . . ní léigfedh mé, Duan. F. i 82 . dā sirinn a meic . . . ar an laochraid rem lá dofūicfedis tes 'gom thoigh, ZCP viii 219 . do bheinn ós chionn chríche F. . . . dá maradh M., TD 25.42 . dá dteagmhadh long . . . i n-imlibh cuain . . . T. do ní do niort nach oirbhearnach í ag imtheacht, 7.27 . dá bhféadthaoi a rádha ris . . . ní ḟuil ní d'adhbhar aige if one might say it to him . . . he hath no reason for it, 8.32 .

Freq. tautologically with ma(d): mad da mbeth i mbrōn . . . pennit in manach . . . for uisciu ┐ bairgin, Ériu vii 172 . imchian etarru . . . moalle | mad dia fégthar fírinne, Metr. Dinds. iii 168 . mad dia marbthar M. . . . atresat curaid, TFerbe 370 . 377 . mad dia ngabad rigi . . . isi bean nobiad aicce, Anecd. i 10.11 . intī taraill gait | nocha n-ālaind duit mad dia fagba a dín if any man has committed theft it is not honorable for you if he get shelter, KMMisc. 274 . LL 148b39 . in tan ba fíren in rí nobid in fót fo chaemchlí mad dia raded gói . . . suas dochured a foescal, LL 204a26 . . . . madh dia ndeni-siu forru . . . am erlumsa (sic leg. or for siu leg. sin?) if you will obey them . . . I am ready, BNnÉ 304 . Note also: is bec cid dia fesstar a chenél his descent will hardly be known at all, RC xxiv 176 .

do-ecmaing

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-ecmaing or dil.ie/17523

Forms: do-nd-ecmaing, do-n-ecmaiṅg, tecmaiṅg, tecming, décmaing, tecmoing, doecmungat, thecmoṅgat, tecmainged, do-n-ecmai, do-t-eccme, do-ecma, do-m-ecma, nach-an-tecma, tecmai, tecma, dosnecmaither, doecmoised, do-nd-ecmised, thecmaised, tecmoncuir, teccomnocuir, to-nd-echomnuchuir, do-m-chaomnacuir, doecomnacair, do-coemnacair, teccomnacuir, docoemnacair, tegmocair, tecmongur, dorecmacht, dorecmaiṅg, forecmaing, barecmaing, rotecmaing, dorecmaingetar, doeccaim, doeccaimh, doecaiph, teccaim, fristegaim, teaguimh, tecmaid, teagmhuidh, nothecmad, tecmaitis, tecmadh, tegmad, dorécaim, doreccaim, doreagaim, barrecaim, barrecaib, arrecaim, tecēma, tegéma, teigeomha, do-ecmaic, doecmaic, da-ecmaic, do-nn-ecmaic, tecmaicc, tecmaicid, doecmaittsium, tecmang, tecmáil, d-an-ecmaing, tecmongar

v (* to-in-com-icc-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 555 ) Indic. pres. 3 s. do-nd-ecmaing, Ml. 54a7 . do-n-ecmaiṅg, Sg. 40a16 . tecmaiṅg, 9a11 , 29a1 . tecming, 161a1 . décmaing, LL 291b3 . tecmoing, AFM ii 596 , etc. 3 pl. doecmungat, Ml. 63c8 . thecmoṅgat, Sg. 2a10 . Impf. 3 s. tecmainged, Mon. Tall. 129.19 . Subj. pres. 3 s. do-n-ecmai, Mon. Tall. 146.19 . do-t-eccme, 160.10 . do-ecma, Laws iii 252 , ii 114 . cid do-m-ecma , IT iii 63 § 129 . nach-an-tecma, Fél. Jan. 10 . dia tecmai , Laws v 372 . dia tecma , v 166 , etc. ? dosnecmaither, O'Curry 2006 ( H 4.22 32 ). Impf. 3 s. doecmoised, Wb. 5d26 . do-nd-ecmised, Mon. Tall. 143.6 . thecmaised, 133 . Pret. 3 s. (depon.) tecmoncuir, Mon. Tall. 153.19 . teccomnocuir, Wb. 10a4 . to-nd-echomnuchuir (ch = cc), Cambr. 38a ( Thes. ii 247 ). do-m-chaomnacuir, Mon. Tall. 144 . doecomnacair, Trip. 390 . do-coemnacair, BDD 157 . teccomnacuir, Corm. Y 1018 = docoemnacair, Laud 610 . tegmocair, ZCP xiii 262.13 . Pass. pres. s. tecmongur, Mon. Tall. 162.11 . ?pret. s. dorecmacht, LL 273b5 .

Secondary formations. From pres. stem, pret. 3 s. dorecmaiṅg, TBC-LL¹ 2025 , cf. 1292 and Lism. L. 135 ; forecmaing, ib. barecmaing, LL 264b32 . rotecmaing, Lism. L. 175 . 3 pl. dorecmaingetar, IT iii 185 ( BB 260b49 , YBL 181b31 ). From subj. stems. Indic. pres. 3 s. doeccaim, CCath. 4907 , 5005 ( dos-feccaim, 3661 ). doeccaimh, AFM v 1870 , Hugh Roe 294 . doecaiph, Auraic. 4323 . teccaim, BB 435a44 . fristegaim, YBL 167b5 . teaguimh, IGT Introd. § 22 (9.14) . Later tecmaid, mod. teagmhuidh. Imperf. 3 s. nothecmad, LL 168a4 . 3 pl. tecmaitis, CCath. 5730 . Subj. impf. 3 s. ma tecmadh , ZCP viii 111 . da tegmad , BColm. 94 , etc. Perf. 3 s. dorécaim, TBC-LL¹ 116 ( LL 54b36 ), doreccaim, Hugh Roe 192 . doreagaim, MR 178 . barrecaim, CRR 23 , 36 , cf. TBC-LL¹ 4758 . barrecaib, TBC-LL¹ 2897 , 4631 . arrecaim, 2 . Fut. 3 s. tecēma, TBC-LL¹ 1265 , 1285 . tegéma, ZCP viii 213.5 . teigeomha, Proverbs xii 21 . A mod. variant of this stem is teangmh-.

Also do-ecmaic, giving indic. pres. (pret.?) 3 s. doecmaic, RC ix 456 . da-ecmaic, LU 1540 . do-nn-ecmaic, Fél. Dec. 24 . tecmaicc, LL 161a35 . tecmaicid, LB 158a53 . 3 pl. doecmaittsium, Anecd. ii 23 .

Vn. tecmang, tecmáil.

See IGT Verbs § 2 .

I As trans. vb. hits (a mark, etc.), strikes ; this is possibly the original meaning, cf. 2 ecmaing (see 1 ad-cumaing), or may be borrowed from the latter verb: gabais L. cloich . . . ┐ díbaircid dí conda ecmaic tar a luthain struck her, MU² 1049 . ba erchor tecmaicc, Metr. Dinds. iii 108 . conid-ro-marb ┐ décmaing a chend dé, RC xiii 460 .

II Like do-cuirethar, used as impers. vb. with accus. and follg. adverbial phrase or equivalent: d-an-ecmaing he happens to be (in a place, condition, etc.). Later the impers. constr. passes into a personal one, and in cases where the noun is sing. it is often impossible to decide whether it is subj. or obj. of vb.

(a) is menic dondecmaing it is often the case is such, Ml. 54a7 . acht dond-ecmaing a ní-siu gl. fortunae casu, Sg. 137b5 . doecmaic aní sin that may be so, RC ix 456 (do fomaing, v.l.). la dēcsin a chrotha gil | la cach n-ōin is indeithbir, | mina tegma (degma, MS.) . . . cēill n-āith n-airetraim n-imglain unless . . . sense be there (along with beauty), ZCP vi 267 . bid fāilid frim dām(īn]e | cia do-mecma cēt marcach though I should happen to be (accompanied by) a hundred horsemen (cét m. dat. of accompaniment?), IT iii 63 , cf. Bruchst. i § 166 . cingit chorma didiu intan do-n-ecmaic ni hebar deog di when it happens to be at hand (?), LB 9b40 . lom medc-usci ind domnaich ma tecme if it is forthcoming (?), Mon. Tall. 143 . da fítt chert chutrume cid mín cid anmín dondecme whether it happens to be delicate or coarse fare, 161 . conad air[e] nach lamaid daene a tadall acht mines-tegmad troich unless they should be persons doomed to death, Todd Nenn. 210 ( BB 256b49 ). bid na sūili dūnta muna tegmaidh osguilti go haicideach iad, 3 C 19, 72 va 11 . antand do-n-ecmaing aircend praindo when it is the end of a meal, Mon. Tall. 148 . ma teccmai lith laithe if it happen to be a festival day, Laws v 396 . mani teccmai Lugnasad, 406 . mad immalde fris doteccme if thou happen to be beside him, Mon. Tall. 160 . barrecaim Conall ir-remthús resna sluagaib, CRR 36 . is and barrecaib-sium in-airthiur Ái, TBC-LL¹ 2897 . gach cor nochuiredh dhe, nothegmadh frais do dhealgaibh sgiach ann there would be a quantity of thorns in any part of the bush he might move into, BS 22 . acht ma tecmadh secht tengta filed i cinn aenduine though there were seven tongues of poets in one man's head, ZCP viii 111 . ni roleicceadh tathamh . . . dona Spáinneachaibh doeccaimh i Rinn Chorráin who happened to be in R., Hugh Roe 294 (prob. impers.). da tegmad a Carnn ingine Briain he, Lec. 167a note. a n-aón-ionadh ina tteigeobhadh é, Ériu v 100 . isin deidendáil thennta i tecomnaccair a mbiodhbhadha aca in the strait difficulty in which they had their enemies, AFM vi 2280 . isin ccúil chumhaing i teacomhnagair i teannta occa n-esccairdibh, Hugh Roe 148 . Folld. by prep. denoting motion: muna dteagmha chuige catha coimthiugha, ML 134 . na déra dolécet . . . is amlaid hi tecma i n-ucht in Duileman they fall into, Ériu ii 194 (v.l., LB 202b55 ). co ttecomhnacair an ccraoisicch ccruaidhrighin hi tula édain don eoch, Hugh Roe 256 . condaecmaing dar leic a hochta do Ecsi (of a missile), Anecd. ii 54 . is edh dosfeccaim-si, i mmullach a sūlu cli do S. (of an arrow; saiget, f.), CCath. 3661 . a tecmadh isin muir dibh whatever (missiles) fall into the sea, 2014 .

(b) In follg. exx. vb. appears to be in pers. (and hence intrans.) constr.: combad i n-aimsir na nAed . . . no thecmad int anmanna sin this creature lived in the time of, LL 168a4 ( SG ii 480 ). co trascair . . . cach ni teccaim ar a ceann overthrows all before it (of a flood), BB 435a44 . an tan teaguimh .th. a ndiaigh .n. when `th' happens to follow `n', IGT Introd. 9 . feudaidh an sagart eile theagmhas do láthair an tAifrionn do chríochnughadh who happens to be present, Eochairsg. 122 . docoemnacair coirthe cloche fo chossaib Maicc C., BDD 157 (impers.?). gur gemel . . . doreagaim itir cāch dā curaid there was a fetter between each two heroes, MR 178 . cách hi crích a thíre fesin nó hi crích ina tecmai (hi tecma, v.l.) or any (other) territory he may chance to be in, Ériu ii 206 , cf. Anecd. iii 21 . itharna | mad dia tecma i l-lithadba should it perchance be in a feasting-hall, Corm. Y 69 . muna theagmadh lucht a freastail ina focraibh da ḟoiridin had not . . . been near to help him, CF 51 . teccomnacuir Find fecht n-and i Tethbai cona féin ┐ luid for cuairt selgae, Corm. Y 1018 (= tanic, LB). dorecmaingetar maithi fear nErenn ic ól fesi Temrach, IT iii 185 ( BB 260b49 ). intan tecaim in lán mara ac diraim, CCath. 1971 . doreccaimh díreim dia mharcslogh occ sireadh na n-oirer happened to be reconnoitring, Hugh Roe 62 . cidh be aga thegmonn fiabras whoever has a fever, 24 P 22, 183.4 . dá dteagmhadais airm agom if I had arms, MR 278 . co tecmaitis na marcaigh foena fo a cossaib were prostrate, CCath. 5730 . conid tecmaing cucci in fennid cétna, Ériu iv 22 ( LL 106a20 ). mongēnair ecclas . . . gos tecmaig fer grāidh eccnaid, RC xxxviii 346 . in tecmait dochum ifirn? are we going to hell? RC xiv 48 . gébé againn chum a teigémadh macám, SG 302 . tracht i tecaib tond, LL 147a11 (PRIA xix 546). imaseach doecmaitt-sium they come down in turns (of ebb and flow), Anecd. ii 23 . tecema il-laind a scéith will alight (of a missile), TBC-LL¹ 1265 . dia mad me notecmad tair, BB 407a41 . In follg. instances perh. pass.: fecht robaoi tecmongar celdag hi Cluain mac Nóis `there arose a contention', Mon. Tall. 162 . dorecmacht aenach i Taltin lais a fair was held by him, LL 273b5 .

III As intrans. vb.

(a) happens, occurs, takes place (pers. and impers.): ol donecmaing gl. quod accidit, Sg. 40a16 . donaib hí thecmoṅgat gl. de accidentibus, 2a10 . tecmaing amin it happens thus, 29a1 . dia cóicc mbliadhna seasccat . . . tecmoing sin, AFM 917 (ii 596) . riasiu tecma bēt nó pudar, Hy. vi 10 Comm. ( Thes. ii 351 ). mar 'tberad Midir, maith dit, | dia tecma if it come to pass (is done) as M. said, Metr. Dinds. iii 456 . madh ona cūsibh so tecmus an íta if the thirst arise from these causes, 23 P 10, 33a4 . gurob o spasmus . . . tig ┐ teagmaidh se (i.e. grinding the teeth), 3b54 . accidunt . . . morbi .i. tegmaidh a foirimill an cuirp galar, 58.1 . truag, a Dé, do tecgmais it has turned out ill, ACL iii 240 (= do-t-ecgmais?). Folld. by vn. phrase or subord. clause: tecmaing buith briathar huadib-sem it happens that verbs are (derived) from them, Sg. 156a2 . tecmaing a buith hi comsuidigud, 212b9 . doeigemud a mbeth ar in espuc a aenur it might happen that (these grades) were (united) in the bishop, Laws v 54 . mas re deithbiris doecma rucadh sis hi if it were through accidental necessity it was taken down, iii 252 . dia tecma comadh calma do S. inās duitsiu if S. should prove to be braver than you, Ériu v 152 . adubairt go ndeachatar . . . ┐ dia ttegmhadh nach raghdaoiss, Fl. Earls 24 . tecomnacair gur ro iadh nathair nemidhe ina timchell, Leb. Gab.(i) 196 . rotecmaing gur ben mu cheann re cloich, Lism. L. 175 .

With infd. dat. pron. happens to: ced donecmai bás ind if he chance to die for it, Mon. Tall. 146 . náchantecma drochrann, Fél. Jan. 10 . gidh dom thegmadh, ZCP viii 544 . domchaomnacuir airisem hi fothrucud I chanced to stay in the bath, Mon. Tall. 144 . dus in fesad int imned do-sn-eacmaing, RC vi 174.22 (YBL), in n-imniuth do-tocoemnacair, ib. (Eg.). ciped dosnecmad on tráth co araile whatever should befall her, RC viii 150 . is ē beirius a domuine ma dosneacmu, Laws ii 284 Comm. (if it fall to him? but perh. -sn- is here fem. accus. pron. referring to domuine, vb. being impers.; cf. ib. 114 : ma dosnecma dí, i.e. dont ṡáire).

Generally folld. by DO (FRI): foditu chruche . . . am[ail] tondechomnuchuir dundaib abstalaib, Cambr. 38a ( Thes. ii 247 ). amal bid dúib doecmoised as though it had happened to you, Wb. 5d26 . inna fochaide ┐ inna n-ingramman doecmungat dūnni gl. accidentium, Ml. 63c8 . ni do cach brēthir tecming persona not every verb is personal, Sg. 161a1 . tecmaing dond folud hísin gl. qualitatis (i.e. the category of quality is added as determinant to that of mere substance), 30a17 , 18 . maith in cherd gaiscid donecmaic do Choinc[h]ulaind, TBC-I¹ 1699 . go tteacmhann do gach aon dip in fortūn . . . bhus toltanach la Dia, Fl. Earls 180 . budh maith tegmas dí good shall befall her, ZCP i 125 . do innis dóibh . . . gach nidh do theangmhadh dhoibh, ZCP ii 550 . um gach éinchinnemhain notheigēmadh dhóip, Fl. Earls 60 . d'egla go tteigeómhadh a leithéid so do chás dhuinn, Mac Aingil 109 . do thionnsgain sé na neithe do theigéumhadh dhó d'innisin dóibh, Mark x 32 . teicēmaid toirc[h]es duit ┐ bēra dā ingen, ZCP vii 308 . na mna . . . do nach tecmand clann, 23 P 10, 35a60 . ní teagmand clann di, 23 Q 5, 46.38 . mac cleiriuch dia tecmai oen inna cinath-sa who happens to commit one of these sins, Ériu vii 170 . is and barecmaiṅg dóib sin bith ar múr Temra, MU² 362 . da tegmad dam dul ar leth, BColm. 94 . tocaomnacair do Diarmaid ┐ do Blathmac . . . conid eiter a lāmaib rothathamir Cúrui, Mon. Tall. 153 . da tecma don curp allus do teacht de if the body should happen to perspire, 23 P 10, 6a25 . With FRI (RE, LE): urcoid teagmus re bunait na fethedh which occurs to, 23 P 10, 4a16 . cipé tan no tecmudh frit amal dorala do-som, ZCP iv 390 . do digail an anndligid forsin foirind fris tegaim ferg De, YBL 167b5 .

(b) Esp. is or comes in the way of, meets with DO, FRI, AR (FOR). As in the case of do-cuirethar the construction here seems to have been orig. that of a trans. impers. vb., cf. the follg. exx.: cach inad a tecmad clanna Néill dá chéili ┐ Connacht[a] wherever the Clan N. and the men of Connacht met each other, SG 50 . nā tegmad thū do nech inā nech duit, RC xii 348 . cia bith ara tecmainged dóib, Mon. Tall. 129 (do-ecmaing dom ar . . . I meet). doregaimh araill (sic leg.) don gasraidh tul i tul do he encountered a band . . . face to face, Hugh Roe 156 . robeired coscar do na huilib rígaib nothecmad ris, SG 391 . romuigheadh rompa for na sluaghaibh teagmhadh riu, Hy Fiach. 22 .

With personal construction: teit in fer . . . ┐ tecmhaing rón dó he came upon a seal, Lism. L. 1640 . in lucht tiagait tar dorus Dúid amach . . . tecmaicid drochut doib, LB 158a53 . is dóigh leo . . . gurab í an comuirle is ferr tecmus dóib `that the best counsel befalls them', Maund. 21 . aroile ridire . . . tegmaic doib-sen forsan sét, Fl. Earls 134 . tecmaid . . . Muire mór do mnai Jacim, ACL iii 244 . an t-ionnad at-teagmha dhuit ailbhín do thorcaibh, ZCP ii 552 . co rothecaim dó annsin tor he chanced to come to a tower, Lec. 602b24 . iss andsin barrecgaim echlach . . . do Chonchobar, TBC-LL¹ 4758 . doecomnacair dremm do Bretnaib doib, Trip. 390 . doreccaim dhó for a chinn aroile duine, Hugh Roe 192 . dorecmaingetar triar do-sum ag im[decht] na conairi, YBL 176b1 . teichemhaid laech dhuit ar an sligid, Lism. L. 3456 . teccemhaidh occ-laech . . . don ti bherus mo chorp-sa lais, BNnÉ 94 . an céadchrann do theigéamhadh dhó the first tree he should find, Keat. ii 2686 . beannughadh do chrois ┐ don comharsain an tan theigéumhaid dhúinn, Parrth. Anma 17 . secip foradhchnoc . . . i n-a tteicemadh imat snechta ┐ oigridh dó on which he should find a quantity of snow and ice, Fl. Earls 192 . With FRI: tegmaid gilla Bríain . . . re gilla Taidg, ZCP viii 231 . doeccaimh cobhlach na bainrioghna friú, AFM v 1870 . gerbó mor an glenn nothegmadh fris, BS 176 . teigemhad sa friut iar ttriochad bliadhan, BNnÉ 103 . teagmhadh mathghamhuin ré duine let a bear meet a man, Proverbs xvii 12 . dá teagma riut duine maith, O'Gr. Cat. 119 . do ghalaraibh le at-teagmhaidis diseases they might meet with, ZCP ii 550 . With AR (FOR): ní cian dochuaid innte in tan tecmaic ar in ndúil diablaide, SG 290 . na srotha . . . an trat[h] tegmas talam lac soscailti orra when they come to loose soluble soil, Ir. Astr. Tr. 40 . nó cu teagma ort nuimir óir na bliadna-sa until you hit on the golden number, O'Gr. Cat. 303 . nó co teagmad ort an silla atái d'iaraidh, 300 . imthigem in cruindi . . . co tecema forn an maigden till we find the maiden, Grail 3248 . ná cotail . . . dia tegmad drem folaid ort lest an ambush fall upon thee, ZCP vi 272 .

do-fairget

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-fairget or dil.ie/17617
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: dofairget, toirgden, tarctait, toirg, targadh, targa, toirgiustur, targa[d, targad, targasa, targa[d]-sa, dofarcaid, do-farguid, dofairgi, targ(a)id, tarc(a)id, toirgid, rothairgid, targadar, do-fairges, tarcas, tairces, targas, tarcus, taircid, doaircend, dofaircenn, tafairg, ttaireoghuin, targus-sa, do-airg, rairccset, doraircsiter, taircced

v (*to-ro-ad-guid-, Bergin, Ériu xi 139 ). The deut. forms found are no doubt back-formations. Indic. pres. 3 s. dofairget, Laws v 272.9 . Cf. O'Dav. 655 . toirgden, BDD² 314 . ? 3 pl. tarctait, ACL iii 303 . Subj. pres. 2 s. (as ipv.) toirg, BDD² 322 (see Gloss.). 3 s. mana targadh biadh `was offered', leg. targa unless he offer (?), Laws i 220 Comm. Pass. s. dia toirgiustur , ib. Pret. and perf. 1 s. targa[d, Acall. 1986 etc. targad, MR 128 ff . targasa, leg. targa[d]-sa (?), 130 . 3 s. dofarcaid, Imr. Brain i 46 . do-farguid, Laws v 502.22 ( O'Dav. 979 ) = dofairgi, ZCP iv 227.10 . Usually targ(a)id, tarc(a)id. toirgid, TBC-I¹ 1336 . rothairgid, SR 2953 . 3 pl. targadar, Imr. Brain i 67 , etc. Pass. do-fairges, IT iii 36 n. 6 . tarcas, Anecd. i 47 . tairces, TBC-I¹ 2437 . targas, Ériu iii 162 . tarcus, Laws i 114 Comm.

Later as simple vb. taircid. Note also pres. 3 s. doaircend, Laws v 210 . ? dofaircenn, Anecd. v 26 n. 7 . ? tafairg, ii 122 Comm. Condit. 1 s. go ttaireoghuin , Luc. Fid. 319 . Pret. 1 s. targus-sa, BS 20 (§ 16) . 3 s. do-airg, Alex. 610 . 3 pl. do rairccset , AFM v 1360 . ? doraircsiter, Anecd. v 26 n. 2 . Vn. 1 taircsiu. IGT Verbs § 9 .

(a) offers, proffers: tairg tri damu dóib offer them, BDD §§ 33 , 34 , 35 . targa[d] dhō muinci sealga, Acall. 1986 . rothairgid Laban lán lōg | ar ingaire do Iacōb, 2953 . ? tuc dam th'ór is t'arget, | dāig rofairgged dam since you have offered (them) to me (?), TBC-LL¹ 3099 = mēd rotfairced (t later) dam, TBC-I¹ 2288 . dothairced cach dib a dáil offered (delivered) his judgement (?), SR 4521 (cf. YBL 292b34 , LB 122a2 ). ? ellgid sé saidhecht do neoch .i. dofaircenn imat toicthi, Anecd. v 26 n. 7 . ? tairr .i. arinni taircther ind cach biad all food is proffered (i.e. sent) into it, Corm. Y 1262 (do-airicc ?). targid cach ben díb lōg dam-sa, LL 229a33 . doairg A. lóg don choicait for cét táisech dodénad immthús dō, Alex. 610 ; 319 . uair nād ḟoēt uad a toirgid do because he did not accept his offer, TBC-I¹ 1336 . targaid . . . a thír cona thoirthe | ina coibche d'óen-mnái, Metr. Dinds. iii 300 . dofargaidh coícait torc dia ēisi, Dinds. 112 ( RC xvi 63 ). do tairgeadh bó aile dí da cind, Imr. Brain i 58 . ? dā trian a clain[n]e . . ., dā trian etha ┐ bleachta . . . tarced fri coir [fri] fairche | dhoibh gacha haidche Samna, BB 28b36 = taircced, Leb. Gab.(i) 104 . taircsed sīd ┐ cōrus ┐ comada do A., YBL 208a23 . targcaid Cíarān aentaid do Cholmán, BColm. 86 . targaidh . . . a mancine do B. ┐ ni rogabh inní sin, BNnÉ 41 . fleadh do tairged doibh . . . a tig Dommad, Cóir Anm. 77 = fl. do tairced . . ., SG ii 464 . nīr gapadh comha no cennach dar thairccset, Fl. Earls 64 . fear . . . dia ttarccus comhorbus Iae, AFM iii 18 . tarcas dō fa secht . . . a chert is a dliged his legal rights were offered him sevenfold, Anecd. i 47 . fer doaircend cert ┐ dlige, Laws v 210 (glossed .i. tairges). dia taircetur dlighedh do, i 88 , 86 . nir thairccset dál nā dliged, Leb. Gab.(i) 156 = ni taircsit, Lec. 25b13 . do thairg comhaidh uaidhe, ML 106 . tairgthear leath Eireann uait-si do C. let half Ireland be offered by thee, 62 . tairgthur leth Erend uathaib let them offer to surrender, Ériu viii 26 . tarcatar an ingin do C., Lism. L. 4174 . rothairg a ingen mur mnaī dó, ZCP vi 33 ; CCath. 1141 . targas doibh seoit ┐ maine ┐ nír gabhsat iat, Ériu iii 162 . do thairg sé airgead dóibh, Acts viii 18 . hi prím rucad Crist rontairc who offered himself, LB 247b49 ( KMMisc. 158 ). ben dofairget ar decmuic who offers (herself), Laws v 272 (glossed .i. tairgeas hi fein ar choibci ingnath, 276 ), cf. O'Dav. 655 . dofarcaid M. a réir dó di ṡétaib, Imr. Brain i 46 . d'egnuib (degnuíbh ?) iarthair dūisig domuin, | is dō tārctait to him (Patrick) they offer it (= make their offers) (?), ACL iii 303 . da tairgim uili amus forro if we offer (make) an onset, Aen. 2978 . nach tairgid coimhghleic, Ó Bruad. ii 230 . Folld. by clause, offers (to), proposes (to): tarcid C. dosom comrac do dēnam ris-seom, TBC-LL¹ 4655 . tairgidh A. tiachtain dō a comrac aenfhir frit A. offers to come and fight thee, Aen. 2764 . targadar do M. toidheacht lais do thabairt chatha, Imr. Brain 167 . Mág Suibne . . . dothairg Ó Domnaill do ghairm de O' D. offered him the title of Mac S., O'Gr. Cat. 386 . targid F. dó comad ris nobeith a port, Imr. Brain ii 294 . Perh. also: Iudas rotaircestair, | do Iudib rothrēgestair Judas proposed it (?), Lec. 345a16 . ? conā tucad nech co glē | cid no tharged dia-raile, SR (Greene) 2763 (perh. belongs to do-áirci).

(b) attempts, ventures: tairg ueith ullam 'na oirchill strive to be ready, Ériu v 138 . dia bréige d'adhradh ná tairg, Ó Héodhusa 125 . nā tairgedh aenduine aguibh cosaint do dēnum, ZCP vi 48 . nā tairgi[d]si cur ré tuicsin cumacht an airdrig do not attempt to understand, RC xxiv 384 = Ériu ii 146 . issed do thairgdis, slige nimhe do gabáil, RC xxv 390 . do thairg L. a dhenamh ┐ níor ḟét é, xxix 112 . annsa sligid do thaircc A. do réidhiugud, Maund. 237 . crēd fār thairc sē an fairce do siubal ina commōr-sin do sdoirm ?, BCC 230 . Note also: ro-fedar intí bad maith do do dul diantairgimis if we chose to send him (?), IT ii2 226 . gluaisis an inghen annsin | re hesccara Dē dūiligh, | nir taircc re dāil budh decra she never attempted a harder tryst (?), ZCP xii 382 . ? dothairced cach dib a dáil | do cech leith immon sanctáir, SR 4521 . Cf. do-áirci.

1 ec

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ec or dil.ie/19358
Last Revised: 2013

n disgrace (?) : is í in riaguil chert | sech ní mor ní becc | fognad cách a mod | cen on [sic leg.] is cen ec, LL 149a5 = Fél. p. 10 (ecc). AFM 799 . Lugaid macc Itha cen ec, ZCP xii 379 . ni bia ruici no egc aigci, BColm. 68.8 (see note). nach aurnadim n-écne, na ecca, na umpraicht, na díthræ, na díchle 'not, however, those of a marriage of violation, of disgrace, of hurt, of landlessness, of neglect' Peritia ix 108 § 4 . ni búi ecc ná ainim ó inn cu bonn indti, BLism. 67 a 2 . Cf. ? bendacht for ec (?) rodosfuc (: bec), Thes. ii 305.32 . ? dūs in airsed ecc occa, ZCP vii 311 § 15 . ona heagaibh, O'Cl. s. v. inbheach . pellec .i. bél ecc .i. ec ina bél, Corm. s.v. pellec . Cf. eccda in a bel, CIH ii 625.6 . Cf. ? ecg, 2 ecca ?.

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