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1 abann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 abann or dil.ie/44

Forms: abhuinn

n [ā, f.] (Lat. habena. See Études Celt. iv 329 ). No certain ex. of n s. but note abhuinn .i. tabella palmaris , Rule of Tallaght 1 n. 21 . scourge, whip: imbirt aibne `plying the scourge', Mon. Tall. 143.28 (§ 43) . cet moailli fort laim dé abaind `a hundred blows on thy hand with a scourge', 142.11 (37) . tri béimenna forru co mbais, no cris no abaind, O'D. 989 (H 3.17, c. 853). a cúrsad ina chét-chinaid co n-abaind, Ériu i 218 § 4 . Fig. domfaraill — nī dūairc in t-ort — / bēim nād borb dot' abainn aird (from a hymn by one in illness), ZCP vi 263.19 . fíach aibne the penalty of flagellation: ní tabar fíach aibne and, Mon. Tall. 138.23 (§ 30) . arra troiscthe do fiachaib aibne .i. secht cet m-beimeann n-indracc co fo sechd flagellation equivalent to fasting, RC xv 490 § 22 . doberair dia sathairn im noin fiach aibne na h-oidche luain, LB 11b6 ( Rule of Tallaght 82 ). fíach aibne, Ériu iii 102 § 30 .

aigfind

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aigfind or dil.ie/931
Last Revised: 2019

adj (? 1 aig + 1 finn) white, fair : coíca gilla nóc n-a.¤ nimlebur, TFerbe 21 . da óclach aigḟinna abratgorma móra, TBC-LL¹ 4346 . mac . . . caega n-urla n-abaidhe n-aighinn . . . on cluais go ceile do, ZCP viii 539.1 . tri chét da chrud cach elgga / síat aigḟinda óidergga, LL 3258 . mil mbeannach . . . .l. ar .ccc. adharc n-egfhind asa cind sair 'horns shining like ice', TBith.² 163 § 56 . cona srīan do saland [d]agfind fris, MacCongl. 122.33 .

airbúan

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airbúan or dil.ie/1656

adj (1 búan) very lasting:chet maith bliadan erbúan, RC xx 136.24 (ACC).

airesbaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airesbaid or dil.ie/1945
Last Revised: 2013

n (esbaid) lack, deficiency: do bennaigh an taobh budh des . . . do fháguibh [d']uiresbaidh bennaighthe an taobh budh tuaidh he left the north side without blessing, Mart. Don. 156.1 . gabhala Erenn gan uireasbhaidh conuige sin with no omission, BB 38a8 . go bhfhaca gan uiresbaidh / na fiana fa mac Muirne, LL 396.4 . roind an aird-rig can uireasbaid ag Ua Urain without a break, Hy Maine 86.z . crich comlan . . . gan uresbaid acu-sum `without diminution', MR 222.6 . ní hé budh uireasbhaidh linn `that is not a loss that would touch me', Studies 1921, 419 § 15 . ní fuil uiresbaid neich ar bith orra, Maund. 227 . ni fagbaiti nach n-uresbaidh fair, CCath. 5958 . o roairigh H. uiresbaidh a dhalta fair `the loss of his ward' (who had been kidnapped), ZCP vi 90.29 . persa d'uiresbaidh ar chēt `ninety-nine persons', Fl. Earls 14.z . atáid muca d'uiresbaidh orainn we are out of pigs, SG 6.8 . an aichnid dibh uiresbaid . . . oraibh?, IT ii2 123.24 . in fitir tusa . . . ind a.¤ fuil orainde?, Acall. 7498 . fuarttar sidi elang ┐ uireasbaidh ar an bprotexion `a flaw and defect' AFM v 1774.11 . da raib ní a n-a.¤ dóib if they lack anything, Acall. 7976 . nár eglaighemar uiresbhaidh 'yet were we not dismayed with any necessity' Ériu xv 40 [37b] .

airmed

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airmed or dil.ie/2250

n ā, f. (med) measure of grain, dry measure: ermed .i. med tomais quia aridas res metitur , Corm. Y 553 . airmheadh .i. meadh thomhais, O'Cl. airbidh ┐ airmeth dethbir eturru .i. tomus ima lin ┐ ima met airmeth .i. medh tomuis arba no bracha .i. criathur, O'Dav. 148 . med, a.¤, forrach, Triads 138 . che(i)thir méich mracha ┐ ḟidlan[n] airmeide di tharu `a wooden vessel (or platter) containing the full of an `a.¤' of kiln-dried wheat', Críth G. 140 and n. tomus cach airmide, Laws v 486.15 .i. airmedh tomais coitcend, 488.15 Comm. dorat do P. in n-airmid mini, Trip.² 2182 . lán armide méich, MU² 728 . secht n-airmedae ardcathrach d'airnib, MacCongl. 124.20 . tabair in n-armidh chét do t'indsaigid ┐ tabair a tri lan d'ór inti, Acall. 5838 . As n. pr. A.¤ (a physician of the T. Dé D.), ZCP viii 105.23 .

allaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. allaid or dil.ie/2930

Forms: altae, allaid

adj i (g p. altae, Ml. 121c19 . allaid, 59d1 ). Later also allta, q.v.

(a) wild, undomesticated . Frequ. as attrib. with names of animals see ag, 1 cú, dam, damán, lóeg, muc(c), 1 os(s), 1 torc. cennaid .i. cen-fid . . . cui contrarius est a.¤ .i. al-fid .i. ala[i] ri (sic leg.) fid ┐ dīthruib, Corm. Y 298 . a measg bheathadhach n-állta, Mac Aingil 4023 . na hainmhinnte allta, TSh. 2441 . do chroicnibh . . . ainmhinteadh n-allta, Desid. 290 . Of a person: Creuisa a.¤ cendaidh `C. now wild now gentle', Aen. 616 . cid tarraid a.¤ cendaid, IT iii 86 § 91 . Of trees: is na crandaib alltaib, BB 497a30 (Alex., IT ii2 103.z ). Superl.: an beathadhach . . . as allta . . . dā bhfuil, Desid. 2926 .

(b) As subst. wild or undomesticated animal: in n-a.¤ gl. ferum, Ml. 102a18 . inna altai gl. feræ, 121b4 . altaib gl. feris animalibus, 121d2 . fiad cacha feda .i. a.¤ , Laws v 484.20 Comm. uiss ┐ altai na crích, MU² 384 . na hallta arna beratt do choin-siu the wild animals whom thy hounds do not overtake, BColm. 60.31 . ni hindlim ar iascu na alltu, Anecd. v 3.10 ( for iascu na eltai, Alex. 862 ). croccind na n-allta is ed ētach nobīd impu, Ériu i 44.5 . mile chet do doenibh ┐ altaibh `of men and flocks', AU i 476.8 = alltoibh, AFM ii 678.15 . ? Of a person: tánic Néit mac Induí in a.¤ (allaigh, Oilech, a hail- v.ll.) `the stranger', Metr. Dinds. iv 114.79 .

In phr. taísigecht a.¤ , apparently name of some domestic or political office: taisigecht a.¤ h-I. Conchobair a h-ucht h-I Chellaig ag Dail nDruithni, Hy Maine 86.9 ( Lec. 83rb31 ) = taigsigeacht allaigh i C. a hucht airdrigh o maine ag dail druithne, Uí Maine 45vb36 .

al(l)e

Cite this: eDIL s.v. al(l)e or dil.ie/2965

adv = illé: conid dib cenel C. alle to this point, Ériu iii 136.37 . alé (: turchairthe), Acall. 647 . B. tucc an tor alle (: innile), Leb. Gab.(i) 40.23 . a-le (: ele), Ériu iv 222 § 38 . cu mba hár . . . leo alliu ┐ anall hither and thither, Marco P. 33 , 65 , 114 , 131 (the form alliu is perhaps a diff. formation in the meaning from here , ed.)= illiu ┐ anall, 151 . ? ille alle dá chét naem / do ria . . . co R., SG 366.13 ( LL 298a14 ).

1 ar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ar or dil.ie/3902

Forms: ar, air, er, eir, air, er, ar, arin,, airind, air, airnaib, armo, aire, aratobarr, arandéntar, arambiat, ara, armbad, ara, arindepur, aridlabrathar, arna, áirium, erum, erumm, erom, erut, ærut, airiut, airut, airiut, aurut, airiu, airi, airi, erre, airri, airre, airthe, erunn, erund, erond, airiund, airriun, airund, airib, airibsi, airiubsi, airiuibsi, eruibsi, erru, erriu, erro, airriu, airiu, erthu, airthiu, airtho, airib, airaib, or(u)m, or(u)t, air, uirre, orainn, oirinn, oraib, orru, orrtha

prep., leniting, with accus. and dat. See GOI § 823 , Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 150 , Frazer, ZCP viii 5 , Williams, Celtica ii 305 ; IGT Introd. § 130 .

Usually spelt ar. air, Ml. 51c2 , 2d2 ; er, 122a16 , BB 449a10 ; eir, Ériu iv 180 § 39 . The spellings air, er, etc. (more freq. in later lang.) and the modern pronunciation show that O. Ir. ar as simple prep.was replaced by a conflation of airi and fo(i)r (3 s. n. of 1 ar and 1 for).

In Mid. Ir. 1 for and 1 íar are frequently spelt ar. See III, IV below and the articles on these words.

With article arin, -int, -a, etc. Note also airind, Ml. 31b17 , air ind, 53a15 . arndi (= arindí), Ériu vii 138.4 . airnaib, Ml. 110d9 .

With poss. armo (m'), -do (t'), -a, -ar, -far (-bar) etc. Note also ar mh'éigse, Content. ix 26 . aire slicht, L. Chl. S. 2 .

With rel. part. ara: aratobarr, Wb. 12d29 . arandéntar, 2a10 . cid arambiat , Ml. 56b9 . ara n-eperr, Críth G. 1 . With copula: cid armbad , Wb. 11a19 . cidar impotabis, Ml. 56a13 . cid arnabu son, ib. ardott áigthe, LU 5656 = arṅdotāigi, TBC-I¹ 1178 (taking áigthi as vbl. of necess.). ara trēn, ACL iii 239 § 32 . ara n-amra, ZCP vii 312 § 26 . Before inf. pron. arindepur, Wb. 5a31 . aridlabrathar, 7d2 . With neg. arna airecht, Sg. 198b3 . arnach faca, ZCP xiii 169.13 .

With pron. suff. Early forms. 1 s. áirium, Wb. 7a12 . erum, LL 286a25 . erumm, PH 1397 . erom, 1503 . 2 s. erut, Wb. 27d19 , 29d7 , YBL 326b42 , PH 6565 . ærut, Ml. 2d8 . airiut, Blathm. 569 , LL 289b30 . airut, LU 8086 . GOI § 437 also gives airiut, aurut without reff. as `old forms which occur only in later sources' ( p. 272 ). 3 s. m. and n. GOI § 437 gives airiu as the dat. form (cf. airiu, O'Dav. 22 ?), airi as the accus. airi is the usual form passim in the early language. Cf. áiri, Wb. 11b21 . f. (accus. and dat. not distinguished) erre, Irish Texts i 3 § 8 (sic MS. See Ir. Hist. Stud. i 347 ). airri, SR 405 (emended to airre, GOI § 437 ). airthe, LL 286a7 . 1 pl. erunn, Wb. 15d13 , Ériu ii 124 § 65 . erund, LU 597 . erond, 588 . airiund, TBC-I¹ 170 . airriun, ZCP xi 110 § 26 . airund, LU 593 . 2 pl. airib, Wb. 20a3 , 22d25 , 27c19 , Metr. Dinds. iv 232.33 . airibsi, Wb. 14d25 , a33 , 16a26 . airiubsi, 15c1 , 17a5 . airiuibsi, 16c23 . eruibsi, 27d7 . Ml. 2a11 . 3 pl. acc. erru, Wb. 4d20 , 11a29 ; ZCP ii 315.26 . erriu, Wb. 9c8 , 11a20 . erro, LL 289b30 . airriu, Wb. 15a23 , 21d11 , O'Dav. 985 . airiu, Wb. 11d11 , Laws iv 176.7 . erthu, LL 280a1 . RC viii 154 § 5 . airthiu, LU 4915 . ZCP viii 310.22 . airtho, TBC-I¹ 409 . dat. airib, Laws iv 162.2 . airaib, 114.21 Comm.

In later lang. all pronominal forms influenced by those of for, giving or(u)m, or(u)t, air, uirre (uirthe), orainn (oirn. oirinn, O'Gr. Cat. 556.25 ), oraib ( oirb, BColm. 100.3 ), orru (orra, orrtha), etc.

The presumed distinction between ar with accus. when motion is implied and with dat. when no motion is implied ( Zeuss 622 ; with reservations Vendryes Gramm. § 283 ; see also Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 73 - 74 , Williams loc. cit.) appears most clearly in the stereotyped phrases ar chenn towards, ar chiunn ahead of, before (see 1 cenn): ar beolu towards, ar bélaib before, in front of (see bél). The dat. is usual in ar cach láu daily (see ) and in ar thosuch ( Sg. 203a7 , see tosach). Usage is less clear outside fixed phrases, and that of the various collections of O. Ir. glosses differs (the available material is also much reduced by the frequent identity of form of a s. and d s. of nouns). The accus. is regular in Wb. in senses of taking away from and counting as , and also in glosses on Lat. ob, the dat. where the meaning is with regard to, instead of and in glosses on Lat. super. Both cases are found where the meaning is for the sake of, because of . In Ml. accus. is constant only in set phrases. The dat. is usual in meaning counts as , do-beir ar (for?) calls and in glosses on Lat. dat. without preposition (ar gentib gl. gentibus, 78a12 , 89c2 ) and where a Lat. compd. noun is treated as two words (arintinmlegun gl. promulgatione, 71c18 ). In general use the meanings saving from, instead of, in meaning of, in return for, on account of, because of, for the sake of, for the purpose of are all found both with accus. and dat. In Sg. the meanings instead of and on account of are found with both cases. See also IGT Introd. § 130 , Bard. Synt. Tr. 2 - 4 , 17 , 20 (where detailed rules are given for accus. and dat. both with simple ar and for compd. preps. such as ar aghaidh, etc.).

I

(a) Much less freq. in concrete or physical meanings than in more abstract ones. Perh. before, in front of in (case of follg. noun not certain): dá [n]dorus [n-]and, comla[e] ar ala n-aí, clíath ar alailiu (-e, MS.) `in front of' (Gloss.), Críth G. 100 . ar Tuatha Dé Danann `before the T.D.D.', Ériu xii 152 § 15 (TE). cethridoruis airri (recte airre) im-mach, SR 405 . ó beit fíanna fer nÉrenn ┐ Alban do Chonaire ar thig, BDD² 1416 . Cf. 1081 , 1400 , 1492 . ? airiu . . . iarmo in front of it . . . behind it(?), O'Dav. 22 . Cf. airber .i. frit anair bere .i. eter do dī lāim, ar is fort muin bere ere [n-]aile, Corm. Y 58 . Acc. to Binchy, SCano p. 33 , frequent in meaning east of, the only example cited being: acon loch ar Mag Aí `by the lake east of Mag Aí', Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 32 § 2 (`on'). Cf. Airbri .i. fri Bri Eli anair, O'Mulc. 70 = Dinds. 16 ( RC xv 308 ). ? a nAicill ar Temair, Anecd. i 17.1 . Cf. perh. Síd ar Femin, LU 7846 ( BDD 140 ), etc. (or for al?). Perh. orig. with concrete force also in: do té(i)t aitire ar ḟer feras in fuil, Críth G. 52 `goes surety for', Gloss. Concrete meaning is perh. also to be assumed in the phrases agaid ar (late, orig. for?), ar agaid, ar amus, ar beolu, ar bélaib, bél ar bél, ar chenn, ar chiunn, ar dorus, ar dreich, ar fed, ar gnúis, ar leth, ar medón, ar ṡúil, ar thosuch, ar thús, ar úairib. See under the nouns concerned. With more abstract force in ar aí, ar apu (see 3 aí, 1 apa). Here may also be included: doire acummisc arúir `of their being mixed with mould', Wb. 13d3 . úachtar ar lemlacht dó mixed with, Críth G. 63 . loim midc do chumasc ar usciu `to mix a sip of whey with water', Mon. Tall. 143.25 . ba fial ṅdō buith arnaib ōcaib, cēin dogēni calma among, TBC-I¹ 1266 = LU 5739 . ? tiucfa in mac cētna ar bar cloind, ZCP viii 563 § 27 (for?). Perh. for for in: ó fó-certa a ṡrúb ar géscoe against a branch, BDD² 349 (= ar gésce, 355 ). conadh ar x. míli cathrach do shiublaighdis techta Magnuis Cam . . . ō maduin co fescor `to ten thousand cities', Marco P. 96 .

Rarely of time. See ariu before .

(b) In the follg. exx. the meaning is also more or less concr., though the precise meaning of the prep.is obscure, and it would be possible to consider them as early exx. of the replacing of for by ar (see III, and fo-ceird III): arnarala for cubus áiri, Wb. 11b21 (see note). Cf. focheird mo menma airi `my mind is set on him', Ériu ii 92 § 2 . ón lá tarrla ar n-airi air, iv 220.27 . torala dia archeill do degnimu su `let God bring to mind thy good deeds', Ml. 43b15 . iscor lame ardodced buith ocairbiathad sainte gl. nam qui volunt divites f[i]eri, incidunt in temptationem, Wb. 29b18 . ? Cf. ni comarleiced (.i. nir cetaig) dó cor lamha aire (.i. dul do sacarbhaic) cin foghlaim, Trip.² 243 . mabeidní dirúnaib dothéi armenmuin indfir, Wb. 13a12 . Note also: arnaib réib ilib gl. et qui ascendit super omnes caelos, 22a8 .

(c) In compd. numerals (with dat., see Celtica ii 312 ): a n-óen ar fichit (fichet, MS) the twenty-one, Ml. 2d2 . cóic míli ochtmugat ar chét one hundred and eighty five thousand, 34b17 . a ocht deac ar chét , BCr. 32d2 . deichinbair ar dib fichtib ar trib cétaib, Trip.² 3104 . secht cathae ar chetharchait / ar secht cétaib is huilliu, ZCP viii 313.34 . cōicer ar ceithri fichtib, 219.29 . fer ar sheisir seven men, Celt. Rev. x 348.23 . fri re tri n-aidhche ar mís, RC xviii 162.32 . Note also: tāinic buiden mōr . . . dōig lim is ar trichaid cēt inti approximately(?), TBC-I¹ 3142 (text perh. faulty).

II In a wide variety of abstract meanings for the most part deriving independently from those given under I.

(a) for, for the sake of, on behalf of, etc. (often gl. Lat. pro) (with accus. and dat. See Celtica ii 309 ): cia dudrigni dia mór di maith erriu, Wb. 11a20 . innahí dorigeni Día ar maccu Israhel, 30 . mirabilia dorígeni Dia ar maccaib Israhel, 28 . massu arinbethid . . . dagníu, 13c11 . mor ní as dénti ní airriu, 15a23 (in sense of mod. déanaim rud ar I obey, see Thes. Suppl. 51 ). niarséuti . . . robcarsi tíamthe, 23d4 . ar erchru gl. pro defectu, Ml. 31a4 . dusrigeni dia erru amal robu thol doib, 54a34 . fri assaru ar maccu israhel gl. rerum gestarum (testimonio), 94d2 . ara bǽsaib som .i. ar denum a thule gl. pro suis ritibus laborantes, 87b20 . a ndorigēnai in rí / do ḟertaib ar ṡanct Brigti, Thes. ii 332.4 (Hy. v). or ar Bran nailither, 286.34 (inscr.). lānamain . . . nī fil etarscarad dōib acht ar Dia, Corm. Y 824 . léicfider cach bean do mnáib airiut thou wilt be preferred to all other women, BDD² 59 . ar ghaol for the sake of relationship, Studies 1918, 99 § 15 . dorindedh mainistreacha ┐ sepeil le ar anmain Gyi `for the soul of G.' ZCP vi 90.11 . See also under meince, 1 pairt. Freq. in sense of (praying) for, see airnigde, guide, guidid, oráit.

(b) for the sake of, by in adjurations and invocations: dilig dam . . . / ar Maire n-amra n-Ingin, SR 7820 . ar do chumachtae . . . tesaircc dam-sa mo chūrcha, BColm. 54.3 . ar do thrīnōiteacht, a Thrīnōit, ACL iii 241 § 2 . ar t'fhírinni riutsa, na furáil etc. by thy honour, CCath. 1659 . ar na deib rib, TTebe 4025 . síol Ádhaimh . . . / ar do thocht díobh slánaigh sinn, Dán Dé ix 22 .

(c) on account of, because of (with accus. and dat. Glossing Latin ob, pro, propter): ar ar comoicsi do bás on account of, Wb. 14b25 . aracethardese gl. quam ob causam, 31b24 . ob mirationem .i. airinn adamrugud, Ml. 61a15 . ar chosmaili ind fochuinn diaragbtha gl. causae uicinitate, 35b24 . ar ét im chrabud gl. pro zelo religionis, 36d24 . arna lithu gl. propter cultús diuini festa, 47b2 . arna pecthu immefolngat guasacht do anmin gl. propter animae pericula, 7 . cid arnaibhisiu .i. arnaib hi forodamarsa gl. ob ista, 58d13 . ní ar pianaib do thabairt forru `not on account of the infliction of punishments upon them', 114b7 . ara foirbthetu fadesin, Wb. 6c19 . tocombaig a ṡlán ara ḟornert because of, Críth G. 415 . ar ṡóethaib because of grievances, 581 . ar ilar a imarbus, ZCP viii 104.7 . Corco Bāiscind ar a nert / nī damaid cert d'Eoganacht, v 500.16 .

With a variety of nouns in more or less stereotyped phrases: ar na h-ádhbharaibh sin for those reasons, ML 58.11 . ar[a] airmitin som through respect for him, Ériu iv 30.23 . ar t'ḟuath, i 97.32 . ni diles ni doberar ar uathbas `nothing is lawful which is given out of terror', Laws iv 286.25 . See also under áis, cairde, 1 cúis, 1 écndairc, éicen, ecla, 1 gart, midlachas, miscais, omun, sant, serc, úacht, etc.

Common with abstr. nouns from adjj. in the construction: nīr fētatar a tōcbāil ar a truma because of her weight = because she was so heavy, Anecd. iii 9.8 . ar dúire a drochdelba, Ériu iv 102.16 . ar ḟebus na cuidechtae because the company was so excellent, BColm. 78.18 . ar a laechdacht, ZCP viii 318.12 . ar cumga in puill nír féd dul amach, Ériu v 49.7 . in senadh ic á adhradh ar a uaisle, CCath. 334 . ar ghoire do ghaoil, Dán Dé xi 11 . Without poss. or gen.: cona tisa . . . in dam tarais ar airdi (a fence), Laws iv 76.19 Comm.

Freq. in advv.and conjj. in O. Ir. glosses. 3 s. n. as adv. on account of it, therefore: fristemlighter cid ind aier airi, Ml. 73c2 . ni bad pronomen airi, Sg. 203b2 . isairi doroigu dia geinti hore . . . this is why . . . because, Wb. 5b12 . is airi inso rogabad som hi rige, Ml. 14a4 . cinid airi doberr desimrecht acht ar atrebthach nand, Sg. 35b13 . With article and i: arindi gl. eo, Sg. 190a4 . ni arindí . . . sed quia not because . . . but because, 5a4 . arindisin gl. ei, Ml. 54c6 . arndi furumai sár for cach toil, Ériu vii 138.3 . With se: ní nád ṁbed arse di chorp gl. ideo, Wb. 12a22 . arse gl. ob hoc, Ml. 18d15 , gl. qua re, 29d1 . isarse gl. quo circa, Enchir. Aug. 70b , 81b ( ZCP vii 480 , 484 ). airechas ceneóil airsiu (leg. airsin? edd. airriu, Ped. MS Index to Wb. glosses) ní airechas fidei, Wb. 1b12 . Later: air sin on account of that, CCath. 2350 . Note also: ar a smuaintighib do beith . . . a mbeat[h]aidh an tigerna so that his thoughts might be in, etc., BCC § 5 (cf. ara).

(d) instead of, in place of, as substitute for, in meaning of (meaning confined to O. Ir. glosses. With dat., occas. with accus.): arnab geintib huilib taken as referring to all the Gentiles gl. Iudeos et Grecos omnes, Wb. 2a15 . foirbthe ar anfoirbthu gl. decem milia, a perfect (number) for an imperfect, 9a10 . corda .i. arin duiniu huli lesom gl. a parte totum, Ml. 53a2 . todochide ar sechmadachtae n-anfoirbthe gl. commotatio . . . temporum `future for imperfect', 62a16 . arnaib bolcaib gl. pro uesicis, 99a4 . fogur cechtar de ar alaliu ┐ fogur na liter naile airriusom, Sg. 4a8 . ni roscríbad ar naill (leg. ar na aill, edd.), 6b3 . a ṡuidigud ar anmmaimm dílius, 27a1 .

Often with as-beir, do-beir etc.: dobeir inso arnab uilib cumactib gl. supra omnem principatum et potestatem et uirtutem et dominationem, Wb. 21a13 . epert innan (MS. inna) aisndisen arnaib gnimaib gl. dicit autem non quia talia locuti sunt Scribae . . . sed quia talia fecerint, Ml. 16d3 . a ndurigni duaid in gnim sin in tengad do airbirt ar gnimaib in choirp, 31b24 . intan asmbersom pes ┐ manus nochis arnaib gnimaib són dungniat som honaib ballaib hisin atbeirsom, 56b3 . tri suidigud dosom inna cluas arin chorp huiliu, 60b16 . arnaib fedaib sonartaib ardaib gl. pro terribilibus arbustís cedros possuit, 146a6 .

The idiom ad-rími ar counts as (with accus. and dat.) is prob. to be assigned to this section: ní ármisom ar chumactte, Wb. 6a1 . cenid ar chomsuidigthib adrímther inna fortórmach so, Sg. 202a5 . See ad-rími. With LA: petra les arin trediusa sís he takes petra as standing for, Ml. 60a7 . in loc lesom híc arnaib aitrebthidib gl. a loco habitatores intellegite, 144c3 .

(e) in return for, in exchange for, as price of, in payment for, as equivalent of (with accus.): airitiu lóge ar mo precept in return for, Wb. 10d31 . rotbīa a lōg airi you shall have a reward for it, TBC-I¹ 585 . is lá cach(a) tíre do-tét dlega(i)r aire `is due for it', Ériu xvii 70.4 . Freq. do-beir lóg etc. ar: ainm indlóge doberr domiledaib armílte, Wb. 3c1 . intan dobera Dia fochraicci ar degnimu, Ml. 90c14 . screpul doberar do gilli . . . ar comaitecht do neuch o pecad `a groat that is given to a lad for accompanying someone in a sin', Mon. Tall. 143.9 . nī tibur-so in tinnscra sin(ee) cid ar Meidb C. feissin I wouldn't give a brideprice like that for M. herself, ZCP iv 39.7 (cf. TBFr. 185 ). ní conrogab terochraic . . . ar forbrissiud fir truaig `reward for oppressing a wretched man', Ml. 36a32 . ni riat na dánu diadi ara n-indeb domunde sell for, Wb. 28c2 . ríthæ . . . ar ech ndonn, Thes. ii 240.1 (Ardm.). tale damsa a log ar epert do firinne lat, Ml. 36a32 . síodh Dhé 'gá ceannach ar chrodh being bought for herds, Dán Dé xxvii 33 . With vbs. of leaving, abandoning: ni dérsid for sóiri ar fognam, Wb. 20b10 . roleicc creitim ar in paganacht he left the faith for paganism, Anecd. iii 72.28 . as uime do trēig Temraigh / ar Chend Maghair, ZCP viii 108.19 . Denoting preference: ragaid duit aire . . . rígi hÉrend in preference to him, BColm. 68.18 . do mholfuinn fear an leithléighinn 'gá mbíadh beatha ghlan . . . arfhear láinléighinn 'gá mbíadh beatha némhthromdha, Mac Aingil 4782 .

(f) for the purpose of, in order to obtain (as far as the exx. serve with accus. in Wb. and dat. in Ml. The exx. from Wb. given here, however, could equally be referred to the preceding section): precept arbiad in order to obtain food, Wb. 10d13 . madarlóg pridchasa, 23 . is arnach nindocbáil móir fodaimim se inso, 23b12 . asberat isar indeb isdénti tol dǽ, 29b12 . arind etarimdibiu (arindetar imdibiu, MS.) gl. pro interfectione aduersariorum, Ml. 36b23 . ar chuindriug pectho gl. instrumentum est divinae iustitiae `for the correction of sin', 49b7 . gabthe dunad les fris arinoillus for protection, 55c1 . asberar ar thormuch pectha for the purpose of increasing sin(?), 76a5 . bliadain lán dano do M. [┐] a muindtir uli for usciu ┐ bargin ar tuaslucud anmae B. `to obtain the release of the soul of B.,' Mon. Tall. 133.29 . serc fochraici ara n-as[c]nam, piana do imchaisiu ara n-imgabail in order to avoid them, Ériu vii 138.28 . is rimsa . . . rohérbad ar eisnéis it is to me it was entrusted for relating, iv 144.21 . annsa lebur tuc sé dóib ar choimét a ndligid feín `for keeping', Maund. 61 . Also perh. in phrase ar olc fri, see olc (because of?).

(g) by virtue of, by means of, through (dat.): condenad fingail ar chuinged soinmige do gl. mercari peccato securitatem, Ml. 39a6 . ? ar gressaib gal / glenaid luch inna línsam `by feats of valour', Thes. ii 293.20 . ni ar lín óc brister cath, Ériu ix 47 § 18 . ar neart a n-engnama by dint of their prowess, ML² 286 . gaibsit tír and ar chlaideb by the sword, ZCP viii 313.21 .

(h) In general sense of in respect of, with regard to, in the matter of, relating to, etc. (appar. with dat.) (the ascription of some exx. to this section is tentative): desmrecht insin ar aimsir deirb that is an example of, Sg. 66b17 , cf. exemplum ara airiuc far diull tanaisiu, 106b20 , exemplum inso ara rangabalda asrubart, 39a5 . annsom hi taurgillib tairgille ar bechaib, Laws iv 162.1 . rucus tairgilli ar bechaib `für Bienen ist ein `tairgille' . . . zu stellen', ZCP xv 319 § 12 . ? isam ómun ar a aisnéis I am afraid to relate it, LU 5349 . is fon samla-sin . . /gníth . . . a cét-chumma / Temrach . . . / ar áibnius in beauty, Metr. Dinds. i 10.64 . fear feadhma deas ar gach ndān in every art, ZCP viii 562 § 16 . bean as ghloine ar ghníomharthaibh `purest in deeds', A. Ó Dálaigh xv 15 . issí eisimplair Crist . . . do lenfadís ar míne ┐ ar buaine, ar deirc ┐ ar trocaire, Maund. 123 . ro derscnaigh d'ógaibh a chomaoisi ar goil ┐ gaisccedh, Leb. Gab.(i) 200.7 . Also in phr. ar chuit, see cuit. For do-beir teist ar see teist. See airbág.

Common in phr. of type: teine . . . ar thes crabaidh (of a person) a fire . . . in heat of piety = a paragon of piety, Anecd. iii 5.19 . Muridach, ba muir ar crūa[i]s, ZCP viii 299.34 . deochain ar grādaib ┐ sacart ar ūaisle a deacon in rank and a priest in reputation, BColm. 82. 15 - 16 . ba laech ar gaisced, RC xxiv 184.4 . a éan choluim ar cheannsa, Dán Dé i 19 . mar lile ar lí, Dánta Gr. 30.14 .

(i) about (of stories, books, reading, etc. In late exx. only. Perh. orig. for in this meaning): iomda ar Lasair ferta amhra many wonderful miracles (are said to have been performed) by L., Ériu v 90.4 . is mebair linn . . . / in seanchus fil ar Mag Ráin the lore about M., iv 156.18 . Leabhar Oiris ┐ An[n]ála ar Cogthaibh . . . Éireann, i 78 . craoibsgaoileadh ar chath Cluana Tairbh description of the battle of C., 16 n. léighmid ar Alexander n-uaibhrech, etc., Mac Aingil 872 . léan ba sgéal ar fianaibh Fáil, Magauran 2790 . Cf. sgriobhthar ortha go . . ., Ó Héodhusa 68.16 .

(j) With verbs of depriving, stealing, hiding, lacking, etc. from (accus. and dat.): tri airchellad donaib sommaib a n-anae airnaib bochtaib, Ml. 90a11 . is amne asruluús airi, Wb. 17d16 . a manaig do béim ar Lommān, BColm. 84.16 . ní bēram-ne t'áthius ort we shall not take thy victory from thee, 74.22 . ni cumscaichthi cumachtae nairi gl. hoc potestatem literae motare non debuit, Sg. 6a5 . ni fil nach díchlith airi, Wb. 1a4 . tesbanat boíll aíriu, 11d11 . in dá ṡét tesbanat airi, Críth G. 130 . ní gette na brithemnachta becca erriu you would not snatch the petty judgements from them, Wb. 9c8 . nī gatar a forgall ar domun degmnā, Cáin Ad. 4 . a tellad errusom, Wb. 11a29 . dives cui (.i. isar) clam tollitur , Enchir. Aug. 76b ( ZCP vii 482.27 .)

(k) With verbs of protecting, saving from , defending against (accus. and dat.): ainsium Crīst ar cech nernbās, Thes. ii 352.4 (Hy. vi). Dīa dom chobair . . . / ar cech ṅgúasacht, 350.16 (ibid.). dia dítin ar in pecthach, Ml. 57c4 . dia diden . . . ar náimdib, Thes. ii 354.2 . airnaib imnedaib doneimni a dǽ, Ml. 110d9 . fri himdegail cuirp . . . ar demnaib, Thes. ii 354.4 . diar snádud . . . / ar gábud, 359.6 . for soirad ar senachrib, Ml. 33b21 . air ni bói numsoiradsa ar chumachtae ṅduini, 74b13 . Continuing a Latin construction: ar thes inna gréne són ┐ ara naimtib gl. quae etiam inumbraret eos et regeret, 97c4 . arnaib cumachtgaib gl. difensionem, 103c7 . arnaib hi sin gl. ut illis eripiat, 117b4 . defensionis . . . ar maccaib israhel, 124b10 . Note also: comad chādus ar cach ngúasacht that it might be a halidom against every danger, BColm. 96.10 . tucc dam a Dē mōir / . . . / ar pīanu na plāg / tonna dīana dēr, ACL iii 232 § 1 .

III In later lang. ar and for become a single preposition (often with surviving difference in follg. mutation, see the examples in Bard. Synt. Tr. p. 2 ff. ). The follg. are exx. of ar for earlier for. Of local relations (for I): imda gol gargc ar a brú many a fierce wail in its lap, BColm. 100.6 . ar saebchoire in a maelstrom, 94.12 . tarrúd úire ar airib / for leccaib ar láech-maigib, Metr. Dinds. iv 232.34 . seóit Cluana maic Nóis do foillsechadh ar Gallaib Luimnigh `were discovered with', RC xviii 53.12 . Of quasi-local relations, etc. (II). Of point of time (c): ar na tri soldomnaib `on the three chief feasts', Mon. Tall. 129.27 . ar notlaice ┐ caiscc ┐ cengciges, Ériu vii 150.30 . Of rule, sway, over (f): ba rī tenn ar Tūathmumain, ZCP viii 119.28 . flaithius ┐ forlamhus ar crichaib . . . na cruinne, CCath. 1 . In addition to (g): cotardda trá ar se mo chendsa ardo chend my head in addition to thine, RC iii 185.8 . credo ┐ pater . . . ar cech m-biait, xv 490 § 26 ( for cach mbiait, § 32 ). Affecting, afflicting, etc. (h): bíd oirb oman Dé do neim, BColm. 100.3 . trom orm a innisi, ZCP viii 200.25 . duaithnid ar dainib in domain incomprehensible to, Fen. 38. 16 . Subsisting on (j): ar geilt féoir feeding on grass, Ériu iv 156.12 . ar usci ┐ bairgin, RC xv 491 § 30 , cf. for usci ┐ bairgin, 490 § 26 . In a state or condition (k): na biad ar in mbreith sin `that she would not abide by that judgement', RC xxiv 196.1 . nírbo borg báeth ar bruidin it was not a foolish castle engaged in brawling, Metr. Dinds. i 32.46 . With vb. of motion: ge deach rī Conaill a ccēin / ar slūaiged rí Temhra tréin, ZCP viii 116.21 . To express the dativus incommodi (m): adbathadar uile thorad parrthais ar Adam `were forfeited by Adam', Laws iv 266.14 . adbathadar ar Aongus a thire, 15 . rogabsat tech air they stormed the house in which he was, BColm. 72.4 . ni cloifithir oirb bar cath, YBL 314b55 . Perh. also: ben clucc ar Cellach against, Cáin Ad. 18 . cogadh mór le Domnall . . . ar Brian, Ériu i 78.5 . In phrases (p): ar bith c[h]é on this earth, BColm. 100.3 . ar comairci C. under the protection of C., 86.28 . ar debaid in haste, LL 7493 . ar lár cháich in the midst of everybody, Ériu iv 222.28 . ar neam in heaven, Anecd. i 39.114 . ar ṡeilbh (sic leg.) éicsi, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919, v 92 § 9 . With verbs (III): dorad min aire `put meal over it', Mon. Tall. 147.11 . dobert trian forcridi . . . ar chuid cach lae `added one third of water to the daily allowance', 7 . do thabairt geinti ar ireis, ZCP iii 22.6 .

Note also: rostatlaig ar thenn-medón he clasped her by the sturdy waist, Ériu iv 104.8 . roghabh nathraigh mbí ar bolgán `by the belly', CCath. 4194 .

IV Replacing ÍAR. Of time (I): ar cath Ch. after the battle of C., ZCP viii 314.18 . arsin, Ériu iv 132.1 . is ar sein anid sí co arnabárach thereupon she remains till the morrow, ZCP viii 309.20 . ar n-ēirghi grēine at the rising of the sun, ML² 1333 . sóaidh co brónach dia taigh ar marbadh a maic, RC xviii 45.31 . ar tteacht ór tticch, ZCP viii 219 § 13 . do bātar ar n-a crēchtnugad, ML² 386 . ar ngabāil gīall for Mumain, ZCP viii 119.31 . Of place (II): arsin t[s]eit along the way, Mon. Tall. 153.20 . ar slige Póil is Petair in the track of Paul and Peter, Ériu v 24.24 . According to (III): suidfither gach aon duine . . . ar miadh ┐ ar dligedh ┐ ar a sognim[r]adh, RC xxviii 22 § 49 . ar a fidhair fen do cruthaigh Día é in His own image, BCC § 408 .

For use as conjunction see 2 ar, 1 ara.

ar-báigi

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-báigi or dil.ie/3971

Forms: airbág

v (báigid)

(a) fights, contends: is airiund arbáget it is for us they fight, TBC-I¹ 170 ( LU 4632 ). acht in rí mac Nessa / arbáge ar Mac Maire who fights for the Son of Mary(?), LU 9464 . arbaighither sealb sédaibh, O'Curry 379 (H 3.18, 214b) (`possession is contended for with seds', Plummer MS notes).

(b) boasts: ni irbágam ná dernam, Wb. 17b6 . lūrech arbaig mo thenga `of which my tongue boasteth', Thes. ii 353.3 (Hy. vi) .i. erbagess .i. asa ndena baig, 36 . arbāgais . . . nothroistfed lais in cloich fria cend he threatened, TBC-I¹ 860 ( LU 5336 ). an cumang arbagaid-si `the power which ye boast', RC xii 82 § 81 . tri chét bliadan arbágim / raidim tri ríagla rímim, LL 540 . gonad cucom arbaigtir (bagthir, bagthar v.ll.) cech ndelb soer . . . etir iallaib ban so that every noble form is compared with me(?), ZCP iii 226 § 26 .

Vn. airbág.

argam(a)int

Cite this: eDIL s.v. argam(a)int or dil.ie/4135
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: argum(e)int, -e, argumanti, arguiminti, arguini, arrumainte, arrmuinti, armainntib

n f. Orig. indecl. in sg., see GOI 191 , 574 (Lat. argumentum). O. Ir. argum(e)int. Later also -e. argumanti, Hib. Min. 250 . arguiminti, Mac Aingil 6067 . arguini. Luc. Fid. 5028 . arrumainte, Trip. xliii 2 . For the change rg > rr cf. immurgu (O. Ir. immurgu). Note also arrmuinti (g p.), Smaointe B. Chr. 5649 . armainntib, Ir. Astr. Tr. 2.20 . With unlen. m in edd. of early mod. texts. Mod. Ir. -úin, -óin.

(a) the means by which an assumption is made clear, argument, evidence, reason: argumint gl. argumentum, Thes. ii 18.32 (BCr.). argumind, 17.32 (ibid). ar theguisg an diabhal d'argamuinntibh dhó (of Luther), Mac Aingil 5280 . dorone arrgamint for da teóra a n-aghaidh E., Stair Erc. 1314 (see p. xxviii ). uile shleadha arguimeinnteadh th'eascarad, Desid. 4685 . cia do ḟoirmeadh an arguin sin? Luc. Fid. 4911 . go bhfoireadh Dia ar fhear na harguna-sin, 4996 . le arguin, le ceill, 4988 . cuid d'argúntaibh na n-eiriceach, Eochairsg. 94.23 . ag freagradh dona cúig argóntaibh, 42.11 .

(b) contents, subject, theme (of a written work etc.): is argumeint do cid a titul gl. titulo suo contenens argumentum, Ml. 40b1 . file ressind argumint seo .i. gaibid mod ṅargumint gl. titulus quoque instar argumenti est, 64c 11 - 12 . is hed tosceuli ind argumint so, Thes. ii 39.25 . is ed a ndéde so rogabad dún isnaib argumentaib, Ml. 74b1 . issi . . . ind a.¤ in chanóin forsa fothaigther in caiptel, Lib. Hymn. 66.3 . argamaint seo remi-tet / ind ochtmad sailm dēc ar chēt , Ériu xi 104 § 5 . foillsigter na focail ar tri coraib .i. scel ┐ arrumainte ┐ [s]tair, Trip. xliii 2 (see Éigse xi 18 ). caiti deochor etir in argumaint ┐ in titail, Hib. Min. 8 . 265 . arrgamaint dorala ar menmuin in ugduir ann, O'D. 1990 ( Eg. 90, 14a ) = O'Curry 1621 ( 23 Q 6, 7a ). is amluidh so riagailter in rath argamaind `account', Laws ii 218.18 Comm. is i meit na haragamaint so uile, 220.y Comm.

arm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. arm or dil.ie/4184
Last Revised: 2019

n o, n. Later m. (Lat. arma). IGT Decl. § 96 , § 204 .

(a) armour, battle-equipment, panoply, etc. Usually collect. in this sense: iter a.¤ ┐ erriud ┐ écosc, BDD² 1077 . do-thoetsat sé chét . . . riasíu ro-soa a a.¤ (perh. a p. here, ed.) . . . iar saigid a airm, 1083 . etach fri lith a.¤ fri nith, Laws i 122.9 . geib sciath is geib slega / on a.¤ niad rot-rubha, Acall. 1036 ( SG 117.9 ) = is airm niadh rod-rubha, Duan. F. ii 176 § 3 . a.¤ timcell cat[h]a `panoply of battle', CCath. 5203 (folld. by descr. of C.'s armour, not weapons). tuicther assin gorop a.¤ is fiu sechtmad loig einech dlighis gach gradh do beith aice, O'D. 877 (H 3.17, c. 629). doire airm, IGT Decl. ex. 405 . ro ḟacsam da trían ar n-airm, LL 204b54 . ní maith bhādar na hĒir[ionnaigh] i n-a.¤ , Cín Lae Ó Meall. 36.17 . a cleas n-airm, Ériu iv 148.2 . ? a shield: Dubgilla dub-airm n-aisse, Metr. Dinds. iv 330.1 .

(b) weapon: bad armatura dei bess lib nábat nacha a.¤ aili, Wb. 22d14 . gaibid armma dǽ foirib gl. armaturam, 11 . combetis arma cholno leu, 13 . act robed arma dæ foirib, 15 . loc i mbiat arma gl. armamentarium, Sg. 35a13 . So also 33a7 . ainmm ṅairm gl. spicum, 104b3 . inna arma dorataissiu doibsom gl. arma, Ml. 44a14 . conarrceoratar a n-arma doib, 26d6 . ar no labraitis demna friu dia n-armaib, conid de batir comarchi forro a n-airm, LU 3236 ( SCC 2 ). atconnarc láechu . . . co n-armmaib, 3762 (ib. 34 ). ba bes lasna geinti a n-adnacal fo n-armaib, Trip.² 804 . a.¤ fir i raei, Laws v 238.20 . fear airm deirg i.e. the murderer taken red-handed, 318.14 . cenmothá fer cech airm dóib ┐ fer cech fir díb, LU 7103 . rúada a n-airm, MU² 441 . cen armu cen fáebru, 644 . lautar forsna harmu they armed themselves, ZCP viii 105.8 . luidhim fom armuibh I swear by my weapons, RC x 342.1 . gabaid bar n-armu cathaigthe, PH 8141 . gabhainn ag déanumh a.¤ n-ard, Magauran 367 . sé go hoidhchi idir armaib / coibchi in Calbaigh hé d'ingin, IGT Decl. ex. 177 . beag mo bhrígh a n-a.¤ an ḟir / garbh asttigh 's as mín amuigh, ex. 690 . mairg do sháith a.¤ ina fheoil (of the piercing of Christ's Body by the lance), Dán Dé xxvi 39 . beith suas i n-a n-armaibh ag forchoimēt dōib `in arms', Fl. Earls 30.29 . a.¤ láma see lám.

Transfd. senses: is iad airm bís acu (of agricultural implements), Laws iv 76.2 Comm. luaidheam cúilteagh . . . / . . . / teach fionn is fraoch ar a a.¤ / is balbh gaoth ós chionn a chearn of keen implements(?), DDána 119.27 . cosgradh cruaidh na n-a.¤ n-amh (of a harper's fingers), Measgra D. 6.20 . ní rī a.¤ acht a.¤ becc beich bee's sting, ACL iii 307 § 18 ( Measgra Uí Chl. 149 ). a.¤ suine .i. gob cuirri (B. na f.), ACL iii 310 § 9 = a.¤ suibne, ZCP xii 361.11 . Of the membrum virile, Laws v 134.1 Comm.

(c) army: tugadh in t-a.¤ don chaislēn, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 26.19 .

Compds. (a) With nouns: ¤-airlech: a fhoirtched ┐ a a. hew him down with his weapon, MR 270.15 . ? ¤-bert: indearaidh d'airmbeartaibh a héigean feats of war, DDána 83.1 . See airmert. ¤-chath: o ri Oilig na n-a. armed battalions, BB 274a39 . ¤-chlaideb: d'armgae d'armclaideb d'armscíath, LL 203a60 . ¤-chletin, TBC-LL¹ p. 273 n.3 . ¤-chosnam: budh argain gan arm-chosnum `it will be destruction beyond the defence of arms', MR 296.3 . ¤-chrech armed foray, RC xiii 96.8 . ¤-chrith (= grith): talumcumscúgud ┐ a., Trip.² 495 . tainic airmchrith (airmgrith v.l.) mor . . . conna roibi sleg for alcuing, CCath. 877 . Cf. 1 grith. ¤-chumtach: ba solas doib dia n-erredaib ┐ dia n-armcumdaigib di ór weaponholders, LB 209b44 ( arc-, Alex. 627 ). ¤-dos: is he ar n-a. (of the Creator), SR 1030 . ¤-dígal: fri hengnom fri hairmdígail `armed vengeance', Metr. Dinds. iii 112.28 . ¤-ḟogrugud clanging of arms, TTebe 1175 . ¤-gae: fuair armgai amrai imdaí, BB 37b2 . ¤-gaisced accoutrements: ro hadnacht co n-armgasciud, LU 9817 . iar facbail a ech ┐ . . . a armgascid, 8529 ( FB 38 ). cethri catha . . . fon armgaiscid, RC xxiii 410 § 21 . Cf. comtis fir fo sciatharmgaisciud, LL 220b31 ( TTr. 261 ). ¤-gal, see separate article. ¤-gein: Ériu ágmar ba h-a. `born among arms', Metr. Dinds. iv 184.10 . ¤-gleó: do iomchradh airmghliaidh `weapon fight', O'Gr. Cat. 501.1 . ¤-gnéithid see separate article. ¤-gonad: a shaoir armghonta `skilled in weapon-wounding', O'Gr. Cat. 456.11 . ¤-gráin: re harmgrain a n-airech the terror of the arms of the chieftains, MR 190.21 . ¤-gres: ro chualadar in a. `the martial strain', Metr. Dinds. ii 30.60 . ¤-grith see 1 grith and -chrith supra. ¤-imbert see airimbert. ¤-lasad: gaedil uime ar a. `glittering in arms', MR 182.14 . ¤-lúirech: umum-sa bid armlúireach `armour', MR 296.22 . ¤-nert: no gu ḟuair eochair airmneirt, BB 31a9 . ¤-nertmaire military strength, TBC St. 4631 . ¤-rand: Fiacha Labraind . . . ós cech armraind `every armed squadron', Metr. Dinds. iii 460.6 . ? ¤-raithe: gasradh armraithe (: anḟlaithe) óg ḟionn fortunate in battle(?), Content. xxi 11 . Cf. armrad. ¤-ṡlaide conflict of arms: da tora Find Almaine / a. ársain dena, LL 296b19 ( SG 363.8 ). ¤-thor armoury, arsenal , GJ iii 50b16 . Fig. a armthuir `o armed lord', O'Gr. Cat. 457.12 . ¤-thríall warlike attempt, expedition: gleo na n-each ar airmthriall creach, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 344.3 .

(b) With adjj.: ¤-chorr: do siol Aonghusa armcuirr, LL 394.21 . ¤-derg: A. a., LL 233a13 ( TTr. 1181 ). Iomchaidh airm-dhearg, ML 12.20 . ¤-détla brave in arms: Ailill airmdhedla, BB 232b45 . U. airmdetla, Duan. F. i 51.33 . ¤-glan: a bhuiden armghlan, O'Gr. Cat. 504.11 . ¤-gér. As n.pr. Airmgēr mac Acarnāmhat, ZCP xiii 174.33 . ¤-gonta wounded by weapons: an fhlaith armgonta ō fhinnGrēig, ZCP ii 350.23 . sluagh armghonta i nothar `weapon-wounded', O'Gr. Cat. 508.14 . ¤-innillte: earr . . . arminnillti `well-armed hero', MR 224.17 . ¤-láitir: fon ocrig . . . n-armlatir, Ann. Conn. 1256.6 . ¤-neimnech: d'óccbhaidh airmneimhnigh, AFM vi 2230.9 . ¤-nocht with unsheathed weapon: láeich armnochta, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 374.23 . tig in Éirinn armórtha 'came ... to Ireland of the golden weapons', Giolla Brighde 194 § 16 . ¤-rúad: ar síol Néill Oilig armruaid, O'Gr. Cat. 410.5 . slúaigh Ailigh armrúaidh (ádhrúaidh, v.l.), PBerchán § 90 . ¤-ṡlán: Eochaid a. airech `arm-proof', Metr. Dinds. iv 100.6 . ¤-thana: Mac Colmán féil a.. `of the slender weapons', BNnÉ 229 § 133 .

? belend

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? belend or dil.ie/5619
Last Revised: 2013

n (? Lat. balena `whale´ Celtica xxi 206 . Perh. cognate with Gaul. Belenos, Études Celt. xv 539 ). leader, hero (?) Comp. CC 145 : frisin mb.¤ mbandernach / . . . / b.¤ di chet clesamna (rhet.), LU 10393 - 10395 = risa mbeliun mbandernach / . . . / belenn dichet clesamhnoch, ZCP iii 257.4 - 6 .

benn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. benn or dil.ie/5654
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: b(e)inn, beinde, Binde, Beinne, Binne, benna, benna, benn, bennaib, bend, bend, bend, beinn

n a d s. and n du. b(e)inn. g s. beinde, O'Curry 1021 cited infra, Binde, Celt. Rev. x 135.7 . Beinne, Binne, Hog. Onom. n p. benna, Críth G. 450. n a p. benna, g p. benn, d p. bennaib, f., DDána Gloss. Note also a s. bend, PH 2792 , IGT Decl. ex. 643. d s. bend (: lenn), K. and H. 10. n du. b.¤ , CCath. 1337. `n. (? later f.),' Críth G. Vocab.

(a) mountain, crag, peak, point; crest, summit: o Shliab Belgadain don B. / ard in b.¤ imarbaigem `lofty is the mountain', Ériu viii 26.7 , 8 . ar binn ós Loch Feabail aird, ZCP viii 223.26 . Liath na trí mb.¤ , Acall. 936. ar bennaibh is ar barrgail on hill- and tree-tops, Anecd. ii 23.23 . beinnini ar gach mb.¤ , BS 80.4 . as súd soir go beinn Bóthair, Oss. iv 20.25 . [in] ceín bess bend ar in bith `for as long as the hills shall stand', Ériu vii 229 § 77. ó bheannaibh Béirre `from the hills of B.', Aithd. D. 11.7 . ar beinn Chliachmhuighi, IGT Introd. 23.25 . (of the edge (?) of an Alpine crevasse) tuitiss sīoss re beinn an ailt, Fl. Earls 86.z . i mbeannaibh sliabh on the mountain tops, TSh. 3491. as ris shamhlaim th'aiscin-si / is ra bend i nnimh star (?), Anecd. ii 25.11 . Fig. of a pre-eminent person: Gobán sáor . . . / b.¤ ar shaoraibh, BNnÉ 241 § 179 .

Transf. of outline of land: da b.¤ cumga do thír `two narrow horns of land', CCath. 1337.

(b) pinnacle, spire; gable; corner, etc. of building, structure, etc. ; ette nó b.¤ múir gl. pinna, Sg. 67a7 . bend a pinna muri , O'Mulc. 136. for béind aird in tempuil . . . = super pinnaculum templi, Matthew iv 5 , PH 4712. Caisel . . . / b.¤ im a téigenn teine, SG 206.9 . ar beinn inna scríne, Trip. 86.10 . ar bind mhór chluigtighe Chluana pinnacle of the round tower, Celt. Rev. x 143.16 . ar chomhairle clog na seacht mbeann, Oss. iv 42.16 . . . . na múrrtha mbeann of the battlemented walls (?), KMMisc. 50.23 . ar beind chloche, ZCP xii 273.24 . in mac . . . co farcbad for beind chroisse i ndorus chille (an abandoned child), LL 36996 = Fél. 242.7 . fer coirthe .i. in fer curthur for beinn croise gan feronn, O'D. 462 (H. 3.17, 357). Laws v 134.17 Comm. mac toc[h]air .i. do binn croisi, O'Curry 399 (H. 3.18, 222b). ingen do cuirthear do cill, i mbulg no for beinn croisse, O'D. 529 (H. 3.17, 428). fágbhais ar beinn croise . . . an mála `on one of the arms of a cross', Keat. iii 2122 . caithir chuanna ceithre mbeann (of a castle), DDána 119.16 . gur thúirrlind Léithin (an eagle) ar bind don lomán `a corner of the rampike' (p. 124), Celt. Rev. x 135.21 . beann do bhúain da thalamh `to take a piece of his land' (Gloss.), O'R. Poems 1627. beinn `a high top, pinnacle ', Eg. Gl. 104. do bhennuibh bhárc `poops of ships', Rel. Celt. ii 228.9 . Hence in plant-name: beand múir (lit. projection on a wall) `houseleek?' (Index), ACL i 335.71 .

(c) wing of an army, fleet: i mbeind cli in catha `in the left wing of the battle', CCath. 5781. do bennaib cath, O'Dav. 1335. tig féin is beann don chabhlach i dtír `a wing of the fleet', Keat. iii 4828.

(d) horn of animal: inna benna duacarbat gl. corn[u]a, Ml. 87b12 . b.¤ gl. cornu, Sg. 63a6 . cornua .i. b.¤ , Thes. ii 46.31 . co mbert a inathar as fora beandaib (a bull), TBC-I¹ 880. for bennuib na mbó, Airne F. 353. dá beind for trí fichtib rend sixty-two points (?) (of stag's antlers), Imr. Brain ii 288.18 . benna na n-aigi, TBC-LL¹ 1342. tucsat didiu a mbenda ┐ a n-dedu docum na scor their (sc. elephants') tusks, ZCP xxx 136.6 (Alex.). (of a whale ?) na blaith ┐ na benna sin, Éigse vi 119 § 16. gell tar benna i.e. a pledge given in respect of impounded cattle: ata, dono, gell tar benna . . . di athgabail iar ndithim, Laws ii 128.29 Comm. ni dlig feichem acht apad cuicti . . . acht geall tar benda . . . dar benda na bó uair is fri logh enech teid(h), O'Curry 519 (H. 3.18, 261b).

b.¤ (búabaill) a (buffalo) horn; hence drinking horn, goblet: atraacht Conchobor ra beind breccṡolais buabaill a speckled and shining buffalo horn, LL 34745. crúaidi . . . / immar bít benna búabaill `hard . . . as a buffalo's horns' (of a hag's teeth), Ériu iv 102 § 45. etrocht bass fo beind buabaill, IT iii 47 § 76. ar ól mb.¤ `quaffing goblets', O'Gr. Cat. 479.13. See also s. búaball.

Of musical instruments b.¤ (búabaill): ro bidhgsat . . . lasin fuaim . . . do ben Ercuil asan mbeinn mbuabuillsidhe `which H. made on that trumpet', Stair Erc. 177. ro hir dom .x. ngrib ingne .x. mbenda (.i. .x. cuirn buabhaill) bonnadharc buabaill blaith, Ériu ii 4.3 . searbhghlaodhach a mbeann mbuabhall `ivory horns', TD 4.32 . píp trí mbeann `the three-droned pipe', Ó Bruad. iii 130.12 .

(e) prong, point (of various forked and pointed objects): gabul ina laim ┐ da beind eisti a two-pointed fork, Ériu v 72.20 . aél co mbennaib braine, LL 38335. for cetheora benna na gabla (in c[h]raind, TBC-I¹ 308 ), LU 4799. trí chét unga óir isin chainde[l]bru, secht mbenna fair forsa mbítis secht sutrulla `seven branches upon which were seven lamps', Celtica iv 32.18 . beanda . . . slegh spearpoints, ZCP xiv 230.2 . seacht cumala go leith lenta locht mara bennaib Baisgne, glossed: .uii. cumala . . . i cinaidh do beinde it armaib a ua Baiscne, O'Curry 1021 (H. 3.18, 431a-b). beann bhrasbhaoghlach thréan nách trom, Measgra D. 14.12 . b.¤ gher do beith agud, ┐ fend lesin mbeinn `have a sharp point and lance (?) it with the point', Celtica ii 46.3 . cen slegha, cen bera cen benna `points' (of a fence), Laws iv 114.9 Comm. ? carbat bo bricci for beind (benn, v.l.), IT iii 81 § 57.

(f) crest, diadem, etc. (of a helmet, head-dress, etc.): buidne bend `crested bands', Hail Brigit 20 . beann oir . . . as gach cathbarr, Anecd. ii 77 § 3. pn In epithet: Findchad Fer Bend Uma, MU² 36. donn a cuach ballghlas a beann `her coif (?)', Aithd. D. 1.34 . beann eich uaibhrigh `frontlet' ( Ir. Monthly 1929, 333.20 ), DDána 111.20 . By metonymy (?) of a horse: an bheann (perh. = bean) is fearr cluas is cos, Measgra D. 15.1.4 .

(g) Various applications: bratgal na mbrat siúil risna bennaib yards , TTr. 1420 ( LL 32231 ). uagais brigais beand siuil, ` sail-tops ', Ériu xxiv 14 § 13. Of a shield: cetheora benna óir fair, TBC-I¹ 3580. Of a garment (see Ériu xvi 201 ): a dá beind imo brágait the two corners (of the cloak) about his neck, MacCongl. 65.2 . ocht mbruit co mbennaibh (mbuindibh, v.l.), Leb. Cert.² 1314. co r-gabus bend etaig Isu `hem', PH 2792. ar beinn a bruit on the skirt of her mantle, Ériu v 76.37 .

In phr. rí b.¤ king of peaks (?), one of three classes of kings enumerated in Críth G. (see p. 104 ): ríi b.¤ . . . Is hé rí túaithe insin las mbiat .vii. ngrá(i)d Ḟéne cona foḟodlaib i céilsini, ar it hé benna flatha doruirmisem, Críth G. 448 - 450 . O'Dav. 1335.

(h) In adverbial phrases: immo rēir a b.¤ i mb.¤ `from height to height' (Thurn.), for ever (?), ZCP xi 57 § 10. co bráth b.¤ for ever (and ever): ni theit co brath buidneach beann / neach it relcib in ifernd, YBL 318a58 . o sin amach co brath mbend, Anecd. ii 40.7 . re mbrath mbend, BB 17b32 .

(i) Freq. in nn. loc., usu. in senses point, peak, hill , see Hog. Onom. B. Étair, ibid., also ZCP xv 195.

In late use heed, attention, regard: gan beinn air bith air na haitheanta do choimheud `without any care to keep the commandments', Donlevy 176.24 . ní bhí beann agad orum = thou regardest me not, Job xxx 20 . nách fuil . . . beann aco air, Párl. na mB. 625 . gan beann do chur ar raidhtibh na heagluisi coitchinne, Luc. Fid. 3993. na cuir beann, suim, spéis, seadh, ann `regard', Eg. Gl. 71.

Compds.

(a) With nouns: don bheannabrog bhuadhach bhán gabled mansion, 23 G 24 , 388 . dá cromsciath ┐ da bendchlaidiub mara occo, LU 7671 (BDD). ōs Bregmaig na mbendchros ` peaked crosses', Arch. Hib. ii 94 § 25. re fogur thet mbeandchrot, Lec. 174rb3 (for mennch. ?). sreatha . . . téad mbeannchrot, Maguires of F. 86. cloidme m[ora] benndorncair horn-hilted, TBC St. 4524 , Gloss. cuirn mc Donnchadha / dleghait buideachus / buidhe bendgealla securities of horn (?), IT iii 91 § 128. do bheannmhoighe `thy lofty plains', Gadelica 11 § 3 .

(b) With adjj.: faoidh a stoc mbennbuidhe ` yellow-tubed ', O'Gr. Cat. 474.20. táin láoghach bhenncor bhó with pointed horns, KMMisc. 174 § 33. do dhromchladh na Bóirne bennghairbhe ` rugged-topped ', AFM vi 2102.11 . laogh Droma bheinnghil Bhó `white-peaked D.B.', Aithd. D. 25.12 . rosaich co Cua cendmar cain / comét bend-glan in buair sain, Metr. Dinds. iv 338.26 .

(c) With adjj. formed from nouns: múr na sgiath mbeannbhladhach mbláith with fair-famed and gabled buttresses, DDána 119.1 . tar beilgibh bennchairrgidhe `rocky passes', AFM vi 2198.8 . brocc bendchoprach (sc. Cell Dara), RC xiii 114 § 160 (see ¤chopor supra). cloidme benndornachae 'swords with hilts of horn', BDC 106.37 .

biait

Cite this: eDIL s.v. biait or dil.ie/5826

n f. (Lat. beati)

(a) Of the 8 beatitudes , Matthew v 3 - 10 : ropridchai . . . .uiii. biate euangelii doib, Thes. ii 330.10 (Hy. v Comm.). doraiga cach ai dib a b.¤ `each of them chose her beatitude', 11 . ro pritcha Ísu na biaiti aile iar n-urd cusin ochtmad mb.¤ .i. co b.¤ in ingrema, PH 1619 - 20 . ocht mbiati (mbiete, 117.1) int soscēla, MacCongl. 51.7 . intí chomalnas na bieitiso, Ériu xxiii 14.131 .

(b) Of Psalms cxviii (Beati immaculati etc.) used as a ritual form of prayer and intercession; see Lism. L. p. 406 , V. SS. Hib. clxxix n.2 . beatus uir resin beat ┐ in biat ┐ exultabo te deus meus `before the Beati (Ps. 118) and the Beati and Exaltabo ...', Hib. Min. 6.193 . (metr. disyll.) cet slechtain do fri biat, Ériu i 193 § 3a . do beir in biat anmain a hiffurn hi cind bliadna, Rawl. 75a40 . līn fers na biate in sein gl. sechmoga sē passe ar chēt , ZCP iii 20 n.5 . sirgabail na biaide ┐ cantaci Maire .i. magnificat , Mon. Tall. 127.3 . gaibti seom tra teora biadi . . . biad cech cáocad `three Beati . . . a Beati to each fifty' (psalms), 129.8.9 . biad iarmergi iarum ┐ magnificat lee `then the Beati of nocturns, and along with it the Magnificat', Mon. Tall. 131.3 . nodlēice . . . for gabāil a hēcnarca .i. secht ṁbiate cech lāi leis [┐] cēt slēchtain [7] na trī chōicait cech lái leis, KMMisc. 210 § 4. ag rádh tri caibdel don Biaid, Lism. L. 1095. ig gabhail a Bhiaide, 4846 . in bíait cech dia ar m'anmainse, LL 36272. cid as mō dot-tessairc . . . in b.¤ or sisi, KMMisc. 212 § 5. ag binnghabháil a bíáidæ, Ériu v 86.17 .

In phr. bélre (bérla) bán b.¤ (also with bias, cf. beatus ? Later taken as fut. rel. of attá) `the pure language of the Beati', Celtica v 84 § 8 , i.e. Latin; usually of scriptural law or canon (orig. breth bélri báin b.¤ ), see MacNeill, Law of Status ( PRIA xxxvi C 16 (1923) 277 n. 5 ), Mac Cana, Stud. Celt. v 67. Somet. in shortened form bélre mbán: berla ban bias .i. recht litre, Laws i 16.4 Comm. do aircechnadur do icfa in berla mban mbiaid .i. canoin, O'Curry 758 (H. 3.18, 358b), cf. bélre bán biaid . . . .i. . . . in fírbérla bias iardain .i. in légenn, O'Dav. 711. bret feni ┐ breth filed ┐ breath berla bain bias, Laws v 92.17 . doridnacht recht bérlai báin / do Moyse, Ériu iv 136.7 . do fir in berlai buain .i. inna canoni náimi, RC vi 165.14 . In blessings: tria mberla mbán bendachais gach ndámh do (= dá) cheile, Anecd. i 72 § 193. beirsi let a gille glain / mo biait is mo bhennachtain, Reeves Ad. 287.10 . See bélrae.

bliadain

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bliadain or dil.ie/6133

Forms: blédin, -blédni, blédne, blíadhain, bliadna, ṁblíadnae

n ī, f. See GOI §§ 293 , 294 . n s. blédin, Imr. Brain 62. n pl. -blédni, ib. g pl. blédne (bliadna, v.l.), 55 . blíadhain, f., IGT Decl. § 10.

Year: annus .i. bliadain, O'Mulc. 845. hi cinn bliadna, Laws i 28.29 Comm. co cend .ix. ṁbliadan .i. nói mis fá noí (`the [native ?] year has nine months,' Contribb. 228 ), LL 319b3 . isin bliadin sin hi cuiretar salt gl. eo anno, Thes. ii 18.34 (BCr.). hi cach óenbliadin gl. annuatim, 27.38 (ibid.). ar ni tosceli argumint acht bliadni sláin `a whole year' (`was `b. slán' a technical term for a year without inter- calation ?' edd.), 18.32 (ibid.). o thosuch bliadne egiptacdae, 18.38 (ibid.). co cenn ṁbliadne `till the end of the year', 36.29 (Vienna Beda). coic bliadnai deac do tórmuch for saigul Ezechiae, Ml. 43d27 . teora bliadni frithriagla gl. anni tres `three irregular years', Thes. ii 17.35 (BCr.). tri fichtea bliadne, 238.17 (Ardm.). di bliadin re mbas dáu, 18 . maccān sē ṁblíadnae déac, 308.17 (Hy. ii). .lx. bliadan robo lan do P., 313.6 . bó cona timthuch cech 'la blíadnai . . . . colp[d]ach ḟirenn lee in mblíadnai (bliadain, MSS.) n-aili, Críth G. 266 , 267 . áes cetheora mblíadnae ndeec, 34 . dlom cóic ar thrib cóectaib / blíadnae, Fél. Aug. 7. ina .vii.-mad blīadain . . . intan ata lāna a .vii. mblīadna dēcc, TBC-I¹ 731 . cinn bliadna at the end of a year, Sc.M² 2. bliadain on ló cu céle, IT i 129 § 17 (TE Eg.). ó'n chind bliadna c'a chéile, CRR 11. Lagin oco dēnam bliadain lāin for a full year, Fing. R. 418. airthend da blíadan do thabairt dia n-echaib two years' (supply) of grass fodder, LU 8834 ( FB 63 ). tri míle bliadan . . . / da bliadain coicat noi cét, / co gein Meic Maire . . . o thús domain, LL 15424 - 5 ( Trip. 530 § 5 ). co bliadain ṁbáin / sechtmaide uate enair, 15430 (§ 6). in chet bliadhain iar n-gabail righe d'E., IT i 118 § 2 (TE Eg.). sé mis ┐ secht ṁbliadné (: ṅglé), SR 6564. cech lathi is cech bliadain, MacCarthy 60.6 . cethri cóic bliadna (fichi bliadan, v.l.), 212.1 . co cend teora mbliadan, PH 6628. da bliadain ria cessad Crist, 218 . di bliadain cóicat for cét, 1065 . bliadna robai-sium 'na mnai `for a year', TTebe 1625 . dobhí 'na fochair ris an mbliadain sin `during that year', RC xxix 138 § 57. isin cethramadh bliadhain do flaithus Laegaire, Laws i 4.18 . mucu gu secht mbliadnu fichet `to twenty-seven years', v 220.13 . gur caitheadh an bhliadhain-sin, DDána 120.21 . fiche bhliadhuin, O'Hara 331. ar fheadh dá fhichead bliadhan (: sgol), 430 . dá chéad bliaghoin (:iarruidh), 2246 . blíadhna do sháoghail = the years of thy life, Proverbs iv 10. ar feadh bliadhna, TSh. 385. táim a n-acharan daingion na mbliadhanta, ZCP v 212. 310 (Midn. Court). ? fuil carpait for bliadain (one of seven special cases of `bloodshed'), Laws v 362.17 .

In phrases: aṁbliadna is lé tuidecht d'indsaigi in tṡída so this year, Acall. 7206 = a mbliadna, SG 223.24 . anuraidh . . . i mbliadhna, O'Rah. 218.x. día bliadna `on that day year', Mon. Tall. 149.16 . ticed dia bliadna co Herind im degaid mad ail di a year from today, LU 10453 (Tochmarc Emire). oenach dogníthe la Ultu cecha bliadna every year, LU 3222 ( SCC 1 ). Lugnassad, luaid a hada / cecha bliadna ceinmara, Hib. Min. 49.12 . gacha bliadna, Ériu iii 150 § 1.

Attrib. g s. mac bliadna a year-old child, LU 9072 ( FB 82 ); mar chuimhniughadh bliadhna `yearly commemoration', Keat. i 220.13 . seirc ṁblíadnae ( a s.), Fraech 300 .

See bisech.

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bó or dil.ie/6201
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: boin, bou, bo, boin, baí, b, báu, b, bao, Báu, b, búaib, bai, báe, boin, boin, bó, ba, bai, baei, búaibh, b

n f. See GOI § 60 , § 72 , § 340 . a s. boin, Corm. Y 1103 , Vita Br. 24. g s. bou, Thes. ii 278.2 . bo, Vita Br. 24. d s. boin (cf. a mboi leó do bhú, Hugh Roe² 36.4 ). n p. baí, LL 33395 (TBFr.). ba, ML² 34 (see O'Rahilly, EIHM 462 n.2 ). b, Hugh Roe² 46.y . a p. báu, TBFr. 395. b, Ériu ii 20 § 1. g p. bao, Sg. 22b11 , Báu, LU 5373. b, Thes. ii 335.1 (Hy.v), bó, LL 33391 (TBFr.). d p. búaib, LL 22315. n du. di bai , Ml. 2b11 . a du. dí báe , TBFr. dā boin , Corm. Y 1082 (prob. a neologism, GOI § 340.2 ). b.¤ f., d s. boin, g s. g p. bó, n p. ba, bai ( baei: cnai, ex. 1623 ), d p. búaibh, a p. b, IGT Decl. § 86.

Ox, cow: inna mbao (innabao, MS.) gl. boum, Sg. 22b11 . bō nomen de sono factum suae uocis .i. ainm arna dēnam d'foghar in gotha uodēin, Corm. Y 134. b.¤ gl. vacca, Ir. Gl. 159. buachaill b.¤ gl. bubulcus, 583 . bō a boue .i. is coitcenn aní as bós, ut est duo juga bouum, non enim uaccas dixit , O'Mulc. 161. domaincheass ainm do boin .i. dammainchess .i. mainchess bō, ar is cotcend do ceniul a mbos, 321 . dicitur . . . redg frisin boin mir, Corm. Y 1103. coro dart boin dia búaib, LL 22315 ( Dinds. 113 ). rocuinnig seom boin co B., Thes. ii 340.17 (Hy. v Comm.). blegon inna mbō fo thrī, 335.1 (Hy. v). co tucad na bu co Loch L. . . . dia mblegon, 334.43 (Hy. v Comm.). carais forglu inna mbō, 340.1 (Hy. v). bo blegar fri fit, bo co ngalur, bo ciss flatha no eclasa, bo brothcain, Laws v 260.2 - 4 . turcreic bo cona timtach tricha set, ZCP xiv 361 § 19. ite ainmead bo ara n-athchuir etc., O'Curry 250 (H. 3.18, 145a). trí aithgine in domuin: brú mná, uth b.¤, ness gobann, Triads 148 . eacmaing a bhái ana . . . do breith dolēic, ZCP xiii 172.18 . oc tabairt tānae b.¤ húait, Sc.M² 11. i rrechtaib b.¤ ┐ dam ┐ ech (rhet.), LU 8367 ( FB 24 ). rucad láeg mo bo fadéin . . . uaim-se, CRR 3. co mblighfidhe ó na buaibh / sáith f[h]er n-Ēirenn re h-aon-uair, ML² 138. cethracha b.¤ mbreithi mbalcc `forty strong milch cows', Celtica iv 12.21 . buachaill ag na buaib, Laws iv 86.3 Comm. gur f[h]āgaib gach bō 'gā bōthar, ML² 1255. no-chennachtís na bú, PH 4494. no-chennaigitis na bai . . . isin tempul, 4510. ar boin cach naidche ailes `for he deserves (i.e. claims) a cow every night', Laws ii 136.8 . ansom . . . bai briugad . . . teora bae i muin na trissi bo cows of a briugu (of interest due for use when given as pledge), v 400.20 . trí haige bruithi and, a dauim, no a boin, co na timthach di saill no charna, i 48.3 Comm. cuic ba imorro in gach indligedh athgabala `five cows . . . (is) . . . (the fine) for illegal distress', ii 100.4 Comm. in t-airi ard .i. da ba deg a eniclann, v 46.11 Comm. Bríg . . . is lé tomlachta na bae fothrí i n-oenló, Fél. 56.15 . cain Daire ga[n] bú do marbad, 210.33 . lenaid b.¤ odar eisium, ┐ corbo isin in Odor Ciarain (hence the name of the Codex Lebor na Huidre Book of the Dun Cow), 202.33 . intan dono no gesed in tarb bai ocaib no thiagdais ba in tire comfoco[i]s, Dinds. 142. ro ghad boin o Ciaran . . . ro innto an buin go Ciaran doridhisi, BNnÉ 109 § 38 . ní bhean boin do baintrebhthaigh, IGT Decl. ex. 509. luaith na b.¤ do bheith ar n-a hiodhbairt, TSh. 437. i gcuibhreann na mb.¤ fán bhféar (of Nabuchadonosar), 3464 . ó tharlais gan bhrat gan bhú, Measgra D. 27.34 . mairg nach tabhair bloigh na b.¤ / [san] chró [a d]taraidh 'n-a boin bheo alas for him who does not give (to God) a portion of the cow (i.e. some of his wealth) for it will be a whole cow in heaven, DDána 42.39 . ná bíodh aca choidhche, daimh, ba, ná tréuda cáorach = kyne, RSClára 108a . b.¤ sa bhoin `a cow for cow', Eg. Gl. 739. In legal contexts frequently a unit of value (Plummer MS. notes), see Binchy, Críth G. (p. 106 ): secht seoit sin da tecait ceithre ba .i. bo mór and ┐ se samaisce ar trí buaib, in bo riu, conid ceithri ba, O'Curry 195 - 196 (H.4.22, 8). naoi marg xxit do bhuaibh no darget `29 marks . . . in cows or in money', Trans. RIA xv (1826) 33.25 .

Of land: ined da boo deac di thir, AU i 288.11 (see Mac Neill, PRIA xxxvi 286 n. 2 ).

In phrr. in various applications: b.¤ bainne, Laws ii 176.16 Comm. b.¤ blicht, Lat. Lives 103.2 . ár mbadh bhí bleacht, ZCP v 214.368 (Midn. Court). in bo derba `milch cow', Laws ii 162.8 Comm. (`cow of the (milk)-pail' (Thurn.), ZCP xx 199 n.7 ). b.¤ ḟind óderg white red-eared cow `often mentioned in early Irish literature as a choice breed of cattle,' Bergin, Ériu xiv 170 and Peritia xix 239-55 : roerbad iarom b.¤ find audercc dia taiscid ┐ ba slan di, Vita Br. 5. bo find ó. leo, LU 4410. secht mba finna ō-derga, ML² 34. dobert a máthair dí báe déc dó assint shíd, it é finda óiderga, TBFr. 5. b.¤ bháthair a stray cow , IGT Decl. ex. 1354. Note also: bo fri blícht, Laws i 122.10 .i. i n-aimsir lachtha isin tsamradh, 126.19 Comm. bó allaid (`stag', Plummer MS. notes), perh. hind: tuc fer boin allaid leis dia hidpairt, LB 152a58 . b.¤ féich: tighail .i. (sic leg.) crīch dédenach tairic in bō fēich cow paid as last payment of debt due (?), O'Mulc. 862. b.¤ ḟeisi (see Bürgschaft 66 , 78 ): ised slan ngell .i. ba fesi gell, tricha a lin . . . ┐ diabludh fiach for bidbuid cows of spending the night (part of compensation payable by defaulting debtor to his surety, kept in captivity by creditor), Laws ii 136.5 Comm. cu nícand dech mbu feisi ┐ logh einech, O'D. 87 (H.3.17, 73). b.¤ indláeg see indláeg and, Ériu xx 231 - 2 . b.¤ gabála a (beef-)cow levied as a due (see gabál): bo g. .i. mart, no in b.¤ méth, ut est athgabail b.¤ gabala . . . .i. in bo marta nó atgabail gabair im boin marta, O'Dav. 284. b.¤ lethgabála (expld. by O'Curry, Manners and Customs iii 519 n. 580 as `rate in aid of a cow (perh. half the cow's value) levied to meet the requisition of the officer for the relief of the poor' (i.e. the huaitne fonluing, etc.). dlighidh . . . boin lethgab[ala], 519.17 . b.¤ marta beef-cow , see 2 mart. b. threlóeg a cow having had three calves: .i. cuinnid co hobonn boin treloegh , Bretha 42 § 33.6 . .i. ni truma na inni ata ina thoirsiugud umpu na bo trelaog , 44 § 34.9 . tri ba inlaega ar da m-buaib tre laega , Laws i 102.19 Comm . b.¤ thúir see 2 túr.

In nn. loc. (see also Hog. Onom.): Campulus Bouis . . . Ached bou, Thes. ii 278.2 . o Inis bo finne, Fél. 184.18 . Bernas ṁ Bāu (= Báu, LU 5373 ) Cūailnge, TBC-I¹ 897.

Compds. With nouns: cin boainmead without bovine defect(justifying, if present, the cancellation of a purchase, Plummer MS. notes), O'Curry 250 (H.3.18, 145). bó-ár name of a cattle-disease, RC xii 428 § 17. boár .i. sgamach nó maolgarb (see bódíth infra) no galur righín, O'Dav. 291. iar dteacht do bh.¤ nó do bhó-dhíth chuca i n-aimsir C[h]ormaic mic Airt, Ériu i 89 § 36. bóbard seventh class of sóer bard, IT iii 5.10 . bobard dō, suithi ndebidi scarta la sen etir fod ┐ cuimri, etir trebrad ┐ sned, 28 § 67 . aisti bobaird . . . .i. debidi nimrínd ┐ debide scailti etir fot ┐ gair, 45 § 66 . Dond Cúalnge . . . / co ndernsat imme in mbó-brait ` Cattle-Raid ', Metr. Dinds. iii 370.8 . screpul cach bóbotha ` cow-shed ', RC xiv 430 § 56. Dari [.i.] bóchana, fedb, Gorm. Nov. 2. Cf. cain Darí, cen bú do gait, Thes. ii 306.28 , see Thurneysen, ZCP xviii 386. ro metadh blicht cacha bo-cheathra, MR 100.20 . See bóchar. go ndeachaidh do chosnamh a bhóichreche orra `to protect his cows against them', AFM iii 224.6 . crecsluaighedh . . . d'ar comairmedh secht cata deg do bochrudh of property in cattle, AU ii 506.20 . leisin mbréid sróllchon sénta / bóchrodh téid dá thaiscélta, IGT Decl. ex. 71. bruach do bhiadhfadh bóchuingir a yoke of oxen, Ó Bruad. iii 88.16 . ? ba flaith os chuan cach curaich / fo bái slúag in bo-chumaid, Metr. Dinds. iv 338.8 . ina bai bit a mbodaingen `cows should be in a cow-fastness' (i.e. at nightfall), Laws iv 96.25 . See bódela. at crothle garmilíne / at búanaind bodelbae in the shape of a cow (?), LU 8366 ( FB 24 ). bodibad mor fo Erind destruction of cattle, AU i 470.22 . doroine bo-dhibadh mór (of an invad- ing chief), ii 118.21 . (as epithet) Bresal Bodibadh, MacCarthy 302.9 . bo-dhíth mhór ind Erinn, dá ngoirthí Maolgarbh `murrain', AFM ii 1044.11 . earrach an bhó-dhíthe, ALC i 494.15 . bó-dún see badún. moch i.e. bo-erge lit. cow-rising (gl. buaroch), O'Dav. 215 (see Ériu xiii 14.29 ). no sechmallad . . . in ṁbeoḟeoil `the beef ', RC xx 262.19 (ACC Comm.). co tuc boghabhail moir a great prey of cattle, AU i 526.4 . nía boidb bógeimnech (rhetoric), LU 5326 (TBC). bōger ` beef- lard ', MacCongl. 79.23 . bogeltach faithche .i. fer meite coimse na teit tar crich . . . bogeltach .i. fer fogelta a bu a faithce ar cach nach déis etar coin allta ime . . . ni dligh dire na saire ` cow-grazier ', Laws iv 344.5 , 352.18 , 21 Comm. bóguin, see Wortk. 146 : (g s. as epithet) Enna Bōguine (B. ōtāt Cenēl m Bógaine, v.l.), Corp. Gen. 163.2 . Cf. Boguinig `the descendants of Enna Boghuine' (note), MR 156.10 . co ro slecht in buar uile, co n-ebert: "Is bo-guine andso ┐ bid [sed] (?) ainm na benni[se]." Unde . . . Beann Bogaine `a cow- slaughter', Dinds. 142. ingen in righ .i. Boguine a ainm-siden, ACL iii 324.7 . sinum lactis .i. genus uasis .i. bomilge `of cows milk', Thes. ii 48.30 . boogam .i. lilgach ar aicme bethi . . gamnach ar aicme huatha . . . samaisc ar aicme muine, Auraic. 5759. bō-otrac[h] cow-dung , Corm. Y 196. conamailt saill ┐ bōṡaill foa corned beef (?), Corm. Y 883 (76.11) . ethar bec . . . bōshaille `of beef-fat', MacCongl. 85.10 . boseiche ` cow-hide ', Laws iv 148.19 Comm. it séoit bóṡlabra[e] direnatar dó, Críth G. 120. tri cóecait cét boslabraidh ` dower-kine ', RC xvii 214.4 (Tig.) = bó ṡlabhra, Keat. iii 2243 . bo-ṡlechta `the law concerning cows', Ann. Inisf. 810. rith cana boileachta `des Rinder betreffenden Gesetzes', ZCP xviii 383.14 . cain boiliuchta (i.e. `the law that treats of cow-killing, cow stealing, etc.' n. 1), Laws iii 110.4 Comm. seacht cumala lana for fer nurradais mboslechta .i. iar marba buachalla, no airamhain. No is comlaithred deisi iar ngait, O'Curry 2440 ( Eg. 88, 36 ra. ) ` cattle-tracking ', O'Gr. Cat. 97 § 42. bosluaiged lit. host of cattle gl. mammona, Ir. Gl. 300. botheach ` cow house ', Laws v 514.35 Comm. bótháin cow raid : rohir dam . . . .x. mbuachailli botana, Ériu ii 3.14 . ron-íurusa im chét mbó bódána, BDD² 267 = bóthána, LU 6763. co n-immad ech ┐ bótháinte, LU 3911 ( SCC 42 ). no geibed Flidais . . . do bóthorud of livestock, TBFlidais 88 . co tí in bo dia botreib, BB 397b2 . in a bo-tuar (`cow dung ', Plummer MS. notes), Laws v 464.13 Comm.

With adjj.: bo-abartach, abairt amail in mboin `behaving like the cow', O'Dav. 316 ( Ériu xiii 29.10 ). brucchaid bó-cédach, BNnÉ 137.9 `with hundreds of kine', Keat. ii 4682. Bernngal Bóchétach, Acall. 5322.

With bú-: ? maccaim beca buaigelta (buaidhghela, v.l.), TTebe 1372 . Cf. bógeltach. a ccreachghabhala cruidh ┐ cethra broide ┐ búalmha, Hugh Roe² 204.32 . for buageltach ṁBreg (of Cú Chulainn), LL 12569 ` guardian ', RC xiv 398 § 1 . Buagelltaig, LU 9084 ( FB 83 ), cf. BDD² 1209.

See bárach, bóaire, bóbath, bólacht, bómlacht, bóraime, 1, 2 búarach.

bras

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bras or dil.ie/6559

Forms: brais

adj o, ā. Of persons forward, boastful, defiant. In other contexts more vaguely great, forceful, violent, etc. Of sounds strident: a piana it brassa, Fél.² Prol. 75. no sirfed in Cú in m[b]ith mb.¤ , LU 3554 ( SCC 29 ). brogach, b.¤ / tir . . ., SR 977. lasaid fót fondbras (sic leg.) . . . fóa cruib (rhet.), LU 8661 ( FB 49 ). do barr bude brass `your thick yellow hair', TBC-LL² 3474 . Nombith (pl.) brais fierce (?) N., Auraic. 2537. siriti b.¤ birda (Medb of Cú Chulainn), TBC-I¹ 1706. brassa airnadma `quick to engage', Tec. Corm. § 16.26 . re dainibh bhrasa = cum . . . procacibus, ITS xxix 130.26 . Of voice, etc.: b.¤ gac greadhanglór, LL 395a9 ( Metr. Gl. 9. 6 ). fogur b.¤ a gotha `strident sound', TTebe 2011 . Cf. fogur bres, 2607 , 3995 . glór b.¤ `loud voice', Dán Dé xxix 5 . co cáintech b.¤ , ZCP vi 271.24 . an gealladh b.¤ `rash promise', Aithd. D. 7.22 .

Often alliterating or otherwise metrically fixed with resulting reduction in real meaning: cethri chet bliadna brassa . . ., LL 2654. mar ḟúarus a mbunad mbrass, / a ndúalus, a ndind-ṡenchas `their high origin', Metr. Dinds. iii 284.7 . a Tur Bregoin brais, LL 989. buidne brasa `eager hosts', Ériu iv 138.13 . dreach bh.¤ , DDána 73.26 . tré breithir mbrais ` boastful ', Lism. L. 2121.

Note: do-raduis ór ar shōrt sdāin bhrais, O'R. Poems 3237 (perh. Engl. brass , Gloss.).

Compar. as superl. is tú is brassi for domon `you are the most boastful man on earth', TBC-LL² 2995 .

As adv. iar mbeim cluig cailleach co b.¤ , Anecd. i 51.12 .

As subst. tíagait ria ríagaib in braiss mórmenmnaig (rhet.), LU 5472 (TBC). éslessach cech brass `every big talker is neglectful', Tec. Corm. § 15.27 . a bhrais bhréagaigh, DDána 50.13 . b.¤ .i. brég, O'Cl.

In chevilles: bladmar, brass, SR 29. ní bág b.¤ `no rash boast', Metr. Dinds. iii 78.7 . nī brīathar b.¤ , ZCP viii 119 § 43.

Compds. With noun : būadach brasgein, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 42 § 43. With adjj. Congalach cond mBregh mbrasglan, AFM ii 652.21 . ceann an mharcshluaigh bhrasluaith bhíodhgtha, Hackett xxxix 116 . brasach .i. bras-ōach .i. ōa mōra let[h]na le with large ears, O'Mulc. 190. badhgaire brasráitteach, TSh. 1720. a treide ṁban ṁbrassalach shamelessly lewd (of wives of the Tromdám), LL 3439. is de atá scél Sceóil ar bá brasscelach side a great storyteller (?), LU 10146.

breó

Cite this: eDIL s.v. breó or dil.ie/6725
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: breö, bréo

n d, f., also m. n s. breö (disyll.), Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 25.9 , bréo (monosyll.), Fél. April 15 . flame lit. and fig.; very frequ. of saints, heroes, etc. in complimentary sense: inna briad gránna gl. piræ . . . diræ, Lib. Hymn. i 34 n.24 . breo .i. lasair, Thr. Ir. Gl. 131 s.v. primda ( Fél. April 15 ). bréo .i. teine no lasair, O'Cl. breo di thein, LL 18143. is bréo do loscud (hell), LU 2448. in tech ina thuir trichemrūaid ┐ ina briaid adbulmōir `a huge blaze', MacCongl. 105.3 . breo taitnemach amail caindil, Laws i 142.z Comm. cóic cét déc do breoaib tened, Alex. 702. cathair Ch. do loisc sain / dá thoisc gur bris na breoghaib, Caithr. Thoirdh. 33.36 . ro mheabhaidh na bairilledha ina naén b.¤ lasrach `burst into one blazing flame', AFM vi 2012.8 . In phr. b.¤ t(h)ulcha lit. fire on a hill-top , see 1 tulach I (b), oft. simply large fire. Of burning as punishment for unchastity (cf. nach ingen dogníd buís . . . no breotha, PMLA lvi 941.20 = LL 37043 ): donither . . . bréo tulcha don merdrig iarsin `a hill-fire', Fél. 98.32 . Note further: breo tulcha do denum . . . ina tusmit do genib toratharduib . . . d'uililoscud, CCath. 943. bogeb-sa br[e]ó thelcha tend. / nom loiscc eter chend is choiss, LL 29549 (taken as bró quern, Ériu vii 223 § 34 ).

Fig. Patraicc . . . / breō batses genti `a flame that baptized heathen', Thes. ii 322.5 (Hy. iii). Brigit . . . / breō órde óiblech, 325.15 (Hy. iv). a Stefan . . . a b.¤ náob `O Stephen . . . holy fire', Mon. Tall. 131.16 . b.¤ digla / drech curad (of Lóegaire) (rhetoric), LU 8610 ( FB 46 ). mo siur mo brathair beó (sc. Brigit ┐ Fintan) / ana da (sic leg.) b.¤ fri cech ró, LL 4764. Barra bréo n-eccna `a flame of wisdom', ZCP i 64 § 73. Findachta . . . / breo chet ninsi, IT iii 14 § 29. ān breō cin brēthir mbraisi `a glorious flame' (of a hero), Ériu ii 16 § 7. in brēo bāgach / in glēo gnimach (sc. Crimthann), RC xxxvi 262 § 3. brëo fri brūach `a blaze' (of a shield), Ériu xx 192 § 1. bréo neime 'a lethal fire', BDC 132.438 (of a boulder)​. a bhreo (: cheo) dearg (to Aodh Óg), DDána 110.51 . bréo ar bhfírfheirge `the flame of our indignation', Studies 1921, 589 § 5 . (B. na f.) ac proceapt na mbréo (of a devout person who attends religious worship), ZCP v 486 § 8. co rē na mbréou ┐ Aoda Dorndine (= Oirdnide, ed.) (? B. na F.), viii 103.6 = co haimsir na næmh ┐ Aeda Oirdnidi, Ériu ii 186.24 .

In cheville: breō do rath, Ériu vi 122 § 13.

Compds. With nouns. slicht cen breobail `without flaw (?),' Arch. Hib. ii 54 § 1. teine do bhreóghabhail isna bairillibh púdair `flared up', Hugh Roe² 306.25 . brogsat brudni breogaili, RC xxii 395.15 ( BDD 69 Appendix). 'na breólasair `like a bright flame', Studies 1923, 422 § 5 . ionann . . . Brighid ┐ breo-shaighead .i. saighead teine, Keat. iii 765 . (n. pr. f.) cona mnai Breóthigirnd, LU 10953. breo thuair, etymol. gl. on brāthair, Laws ii 346.14 Comm. With adj. a Loegairi . . . a bethir breóderg, LU 8111 ( FB 8 ). With verbs. ní do bhreoghoin Seon `wounded J. sorely', Ó Bruad. iii 128.9 . breoagit (= āgit ?) .i. immeclaigit they fear as one fears fire (?) (`etymology' of Brigit), Thes. ii 325.28 . Brigit .i. breosaigit `they flame-seek', 327.18 .

búaball

Cite this: eDIL s.v. búaball or dil.ie/7185
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: búabhal

n o, m. (Lat. bubalus, see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 207 ).

(a) wild ox, auroch Ériu xliv 81 : benna búabaill, Ériu iv 102 § 45. a beann bláthmhor duire bhúabhall, Duan. F. ii 370 § 2. gleann . . . na mbuabhall mbeannach, Measgra D. 43.4 . onocorn . . . clúmh buabhuill lais, Marco P. 162. bionngháir ag buabhallaibh, DDána 70.15 .

Extended applications. horn, trumpet, bugle (cf. 1 adarc): tucc . . . builli . . . furan mbarr mbuabuill, ZCP vi 32.28 . Fig. an barr buabhaill bladhmainn boastful trumpeting, TSh. 8732.

benn búabaill

(i) drinking-horn: fo bennaib buaball ic fleid, LL 17174. etrocht bas fo beind mbuabaild, IT iii 19 § 54. trī chēt do beannaibh būabaill, / trī chēt cupa, ZCP viii 230 § 20. See also s. benn.

(ii) = barr búabaill: fá fhoghair na binne buadhbhaill, ITS i 128.17 . searbhghlaodhach a mbeann mbuabhall, TD 4.32 . do lucht stoc ┐ bheann mbuabholl, Desid. 70.

Note further: bléide buabaill belḟairsiuṅg, LL 7292. cuirnd buabhaill (in a list of valuables of foreign origin), O'Dav. 1051 ( Laws v 220.23 Comm. ). bleda comardaigtir re cornaib buaball, Laws v 408.20 Comm. go gcloich buabhaill, go mbuilg sréin, DDána 119.29 `the goblet jewel (?),' Ir. Monthly, 1923, 643 .

(b) Hence b.¤ horn, drinking-horn; bugle, etc.: buabhall .i. beanna no adharca, O'Cl. i lith bua[bhall], LL 4246. B. na mbūaball, ZCP viii 266 § 33. a lind buidi buaball, IT iii 73 § 30 . 0 ag ól buabhall is bleidhe, DDána 77.23 . do sheinn buabhull eboire, BLism. 105 rb 12 . búabhal, the Cornet , Eg. Gl. 74 ( Dan. iii 5 , 1 Chron. xv 28 ). Fig. 'na buabhall bhinnghlorach ag teagasg . . . na gcriosduidhe, ZCP iv 448.13 . By transf. bugle-call: an tan sinnfídhear an buabhall anbhuaineach úd ar sdoc Mīchíl: Surgite, mortui, etc. , Parrth. Anma 1844.

(c) Various: buabhaill shréin ` bridle-bells ', Magauran 378 . búabhall idhe óir, IGT Decl. ex. 306. macaoimh fa bhrainibh buabhall, DDána 85.43 `by the edge of the ale-vats', Ir. Monthly 1919, 106 . mar chaoin mbuabhall, DDána 119.36 .

(d) As plant-name, see s. búathfallán.

Compds. With noun: meic Eirc meic Buabalchind (.i. cendmar e), LL 318a21 . With adj.: scíath . . . ṁbuabalcháin, TBC-LL¹ 3738.

pn In pseudonym: o atbath Bel Búabaill, LL 4233.

buiden

Cite this: eDIL s.v. buiden or dil.ie/7360
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: -ú-, buidhean, buidnib

n ā, f. Inflected GOI 183. In PH fairly freq. with -ú- in syncopated forms. buidhean f., IGT Decl. § 54.

Band, group, collection of persons; of warriors troop, company (in two exx. specifically of footsoldiers): ho buidnib gl. copis, Ml. 34c15 . buidnea gl. cuneos, 112b9 . inna buidnea gl. turmae, 62b14 . 112b7 . torb quasi turba .i. b.¤ no numerus , Corm. 42 = Corm. Y 1218. buden quasi poden, pos enim graece pess interpretatur ar is for cois bis in b.¤ , O'Mulc. 170. buidhne aingel = choros, Lat. Lives 104 § 100. sech drongu .i. sech buidne, Thes. ii 325.35 . i ṁbuidnib, Fél. Ep. 295. comarbae buidne, LU 3384 ( SCC 17 ). cach buden immá túsech, 8103 ( FB 7 ). is for cois bis in b.¤ , YBL 422a40 ( Trip. clxxix 25 ). tre buidnib ban mbōeth, Ériu iii 14 § 3. Muire dá mbé ar mo bhuidhin on my side, DDána 40.24 . in began buidhni, Stair Erc. 1188. triallaid . . . d'aon-bhuidhin in a body, Keat. i 204.34 . bude(i)n becc marcach, Ann. Conn. 1406.4 .

With follg. numeral: ríi b.¤ . . . secht cét cacha buidne, Críth G. 457 `king of bands', each b.¤ containing 700 men, appar. the contingent supplied by each túath , p. 104 . buden cóic cét déc, CRR 47. do bhíodh tríochad i mbuidhin an ollaimh, Keat. iii 1223. Note also: na regad chenel C. tar buidin, Trip.² 1713.

As dat. of accompaniment: tanic L. . . . budin trí chét oclách, CRR 49. Hence in chevilles: d p. buidnib bann, ACL iii 223.25 . buidnib blá, SR 3423. buidnib dér, LL 13846. buidnib sel, 23274 ( CRR 57 ). buidnib sét, ZCP viii 108.11 .

Less freq. of things: in b.¤ buaball, IT iii 70 §§ 22 , 19 ( Bruchst. 16 § 30 ). b.¤ do rāpēroip `a collection ', Fl. Earls 100.y .

In later lang somet. in quasi-pronominal use: an bhuidhin bhíos gan neart the weak , Dán Dé xxv 18 . don bhuidhin dhlighes etc. = unto those who, RSClára 108b . b.¤ do cleirchibh . . . b.¤ eile . . . an tres b.¤ some . . . others . . . others, TFrag. 110.17 .

Compds. ? b.¤ choisc: gl. kerethi; gl. pelethi, mirabiles (names of warrior bands) Études Celt. xxii 211 § 28, 29 . ? do bráth buiden-glas, Fél.² clxxii 40. buidheantsluagh, Oss. iii 174.16 .

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