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1 blosc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 blosc or dil.ie/6183
Last Revised: 2013

n o sound, noise, crash: cara bloisc `friend of cracking' (of the hazel and `hence for its cognate Ogham letter'), Auraic. 5636. ? Leg. carae blóesc `friend of nutshells (?)´ Ériu xxxix 136-37, 139 . b.¤ .i. guth . . . is mór do b.¤ a feróglaich ar in gilla, Ériu xiii 65.51 . `blosg' ainm gach gotha gléghil, Metr. Gl. 18 § 55.

Compds. With nouns. bloisgbedhgadh omnaightheach a croidhe gach aoin a start at the crashing sound (of a stone against a cauldron), AFM iv 788.13 . ana mbloiscbéim brodla `with the noise of a resounding blow (of armies meeting)' (Gloss.), CF² 1043. bloisgbhéime na n-all, Measgra D. 5.21 bloscbéimnech a chride re chlíab noisy beating, LU 6462 (TBC). la blosctorman retha na n-airdrennach ` thunder ', CCath. 3935. With vb. ro blosccnuallsat ceithre primgaetha in bet[h]a fon domhan `howled', CCath. 4335.

clíab

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clíab or dil.ie/9470
Last Revised: 2019

n o, m.

(a) basket : cliab gl. qualus, Sg. 49b13 . cliab gl. curuis (leg. corbis), 67a3 . glíab (`for an cliab', edd.) gl. cassillum, PCr. 23a1 . da cliabh deac do forcroidh, Blathm. 34 . do mes iaromh iarna bhuain / di chlubaib ba cet, 104 § 46 (chliabaib, ed.). denam cleib, Laws v 474.4 . méit chléib búana cechtar a dá dordn, LU 6952 (BDD). r[uc] Fergus in cliab ngúalaich the fuel basket, Rawl. 139b25 . da dam déc . . . curtar cléib gela forthib ┐ ócláig imda isna clíabaib sin, RC xiii 68 § 72 (`paniers', SG ii 412.22 ). ba harbor i clīab tóll, MacCongl. 73.18 . do léigeadh síos mé a gclíabh, 2 Cor. xi 33 . in ro fáccbhadh . . . do chliabhaibh lóin, AFM vi 1986.17 . Fig. maille ré ceasaibh ┐ ré cliabhaibh crábhaidh, TSh. 4105 .

Of various objects with a framework of basket-work.

(b) skep, bee-hive : i ngait na cesach bech .i. diabladh in cleib, Laws i 170.19 Comm. cliabh bech, TFrag. 236.2 . fichi cliab i mbítis beich, Leb. Cert.² 1900 .

(c) cradle : cliab noiden gl. cunabulum, Sg. 53a13 . eitiud cleib .i. in t-etach dlegur aice isin cliaban, Laws i 168.2 , 172.33 Comm. dillat cleib dó `a cradle coverlet', ii 176.16 Comm. rod n-alt . . . éseom ┐ tri meic ind ríg i nóenchliab ┐ for áenchích, LU 1665 (ICM). dia mbeid aoinbheóil aoinchiche . . . dia mbeid aonchruinn cliabh cuadh cóir comalta, Ériu xiii 16.18 . Attrib. g s. ferann in mic bic .i. mac cleibh, O'Curry 1127 ( H 3.18, 451b ).

(d) coracle, currach : fer a c.¤ aen[ṡ]luaisti [.i.] duine seo curther a c.¤ áen[ṡ]luaiste amach for muir ina cintaib a one-paddle coracle, H 3.18, 227ay . i n-imrim do eich, do noe, do cleib, do cairr, do charpait, Laws i 166.21 (`basket'). Druim Cliab . . . is and dorónta cleib curaig Caurnain Chasduib, LL 22002 . loscad in chléib ┐ na seched (punishment for fishing on Sunday), Ériu ii 208 § 29 . In phr. c.¤ clis magic coracle(?), (`a hurdle for performing athletic feats on', Plummer MS. notes): is amhlaidh théid Sgáthach d'agallmha na ndee, ┐ clíabh clis fuithe, RC xxix 132 § 47 (`a feat-basket', Gloss.). do bhí Sgathach an tan-sin ┐ í iona clíabh clis, 134 § 48 . luid . . . C. co hairmb i mboi Scatoig. Dobir a di coiss for da mbordaib in clep cliss, ZCP iii 252.2 .

(e) Of the framework of the ribs, breast, bosom: uch mo chliab a nóibingen, Thes. ii xxii 9 (scribal note). roclos bloscbéimnech a chride re ch.¤ , LU 6462 (TBC). mo chridi im chliab , Corm. Y p. 107 n.2 . sceinnis a chridi . . . a miduactur a chléib, LL 22763 . dar compur a chléib ┐ dar farṡiung a bragat, TBC-LL¹ 1022 . do'n ochtmad asna uachtarach chleib a lethi deis Adaim doronta Eua, MacCarthy 48.12 . gur bruidh cliabh ┐ craidhi in cursuin . . . trina cēile (of a horse), ZCP vi 80.34 . artus .i. compur in chleib gl. pernas, Gild. Lor. 71 . mar eala threabhus cliabh na dtonn surface of the waves, O'Gr. Cat. 585.5 . Attrib. g s dear, beloved : a fhir chléibh `my worthy friend', Ó Bruad. i 206 xix . mo dhíograis cléibh, Párl. na mB. 2283 . Fig. i gcliabh chomhghonta an choguais, TSh. 441 .

Compds. With noun. dāil de for chlīabchless (nó cliabach .i. cliab fota mór occai) Clóitige (an epithet), ZCP xii 237 § 58 (Baile in Scáil), cf. cusin clíabglas ón Claítig 'until the Grey-chested one from Claítech', PBerchán § 95 . See also the phr. clíab clis above. cleth-cumgugad a cliab-asnaid ag a comdrud i cenn a cheile framework of the ribs , MR 256.21 . clíabinar sróil sirecda ré chnes inner tunic , LU 6557 (TBC). in cliabgae glaici, TBC St. 3260 . ní robai cen clíabgalar niro loing cen airchissecht, LU 6079 (TBC). leiges in chlīab-galair ` chest-disease ', MacCongl. 98.17 .

With adj. a carcair cliabhchumhuing cenngairb . . . itfrinn ` narrow-chested ', RC xxviii 318 § 36 . a ccoin fheargacha chraos-fhairsing chliabh-dhomhuin ucht-leathann, Feis Tighe Chonáin 20 . ┐ é corpremhur clíabhfairsing, RC xxix 128 § 35 . daltān clīabglan caem, ZCP vi 266 § 2 . fir corpremhra cliabhlethna, Stair Erc. 573 . in Dond Cualngi . . . calma comnart cliabremur, IT iii 246.79 . fer ardmor cliabremar, BB 427b24 .

coidlide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. coidlide or dil.ie/10097

Forms: caidglinne

adj io, iā (codal). Also ca-. of hide, leathern : clardha caidhlíghe a curach, BB 24b18 = caidglinne, LL 549 . dī chūarán corra c.¤ `of hide', MacCongl. 9.23 . gus in cris coidligi, MR 300.2 . secht secheda coidlidi coirtchidi, LL 32531 (TTr.). co cind c.¤ cruaid lethair (of spear), MR 198.21 . i nDruim Chlíab c.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iv 8.10 .

See cadlaide.

cros

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cros or dil.ie/13123
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: c., c., crois, crois

n ā, f. (Lat. crux, see GOI 575 ). a s. c.¤ , Thes. ii 249.3 , LB 234b43 , d s. c.¤ , Mon. Tall. 151.5 , also Blathm. 163 as emended, crois, MS, see notes. n s. crois, Magauran 2540 (not guaranteed by metre).

(a) cross as relig. symbol: hi torrund cruisse `in the form of a cross', Thes. ii 254.z (St. Miss.). .iii. parsa deac in eo na c.¤ . . . a .xvi. itir incuaird ┐ chorp na c.¤ (of communion particles), 255.4-5 (ibid.). dobered croiss Críst taris co fa chét cech laí (of St. Patrick) made the sign of the cross, Trip.² 1423 . cross Dé bí / ra bruinne cach uilc fo thrí, LL 39302 . doforni int epscop . . . cetheora crossa cona scín, LB 277b14 . an lá tar Fhéil C. do-chuaidh Feast of Holy Cross, Aithd. D. 17.18 . brāthair croisi `religiosus de Ordine Cruciferorum', Beatha S. F. 1862 . do leath é féin . . . i bhfioghair chroise, TSh. 9147 . D. . . . do hecc fo crois `after taking the Cross', Ann. Conn. 1228.7 . c.¤ croichi sign of the cross, Laud 610, 8c (cited Plummer MS. notes). ni facutar sigen na c.¤ na crochi ínte, LB 234b44 .

Rarely of physical Cross: fri croich fri crois, Blathm. 136 . do chur i gcrois do chleacht mé, Aithd. D. 73.5 . do-chífear an ch.¤ donn (of Last Day), DDána 12.4 dá ndearnadh sé ar crois cunnradh, 40.3 . ? immá duma dess / hi tairndfet do chrois, LU 9866 .

(b) Of monastic cross as object of devotion: clerigh arcuairt cross, IT iii 82.22 . failet nói mná . . . / i toéb chroisse `beside the Cross', Metr. Dinds. iv 342.6 . inad crabaid ┐ c.¤ , Acall. 3720 . ní dechaid D. ó chrois gan cromadh, MR 298.11 . cnes re crosaibh slemnai in sūi `a man who lays his skin against smooth crosses', Measgra Uí Chl. 146 § 8 . c.¤ chloche, LL 6480 . c.¤ . . . craind wooden cross, ZCP xvii 232.29 . fo crossaibh cuill, AFM i 516.z . c.¤ óir ┐ c.¤ airgid, Acall. 5839 v.l. Note also: do tadbas di croch do beth a mbel na piasta, ┐ a c.¤ rena carpat uachtarach, ┐ a llos rena c[arpat] ichtarach transverse , Laud 610, 8a (cited Plummer MS. notes). In phr. for beinn chroise see benn.

Hence shrine at cross, church, etc.: rugadh crodh gach croise `every church is robbed', Magauran 1191 . sarucchad croisi hÚa Suanaigh, BNnÉ 312.y ( Fél. 466.40 ). co rucsad bruit moir o Chrois na screbtra, RC xvii 401.6 (Tig.). As boundary: gan dul tar crosaibh Chluana amach, Ériu i 94.17 . Note further: do gearradh c.¤ in margaidh `the market cross', Ann. Inisf. 1275.3 . airgead croise caoile nó salfás `narrow-cross money', Stud. Celt. i 4.y (see ii 119 ff. ).

(c) Of various cross-shaped objects: fail crois d'ór incachdorus, SR 361 (descr. of heaven). timchell cacha oenchrose, 372 . da ndernatar ní ar in clar dar in crois no dar in sduaig imlingar (part of door or entrance), O'Curry 518 ( H 3.18, 261a ). secht cét uṅga 'sin meis móir / co cethricrossaib dergóir, SR 4350 . dobir c.¤ dit sailiu forochtar dochinn `a cross of thy spittle', Thes. ii 249.3 . di chroiss tar a mullach two transverse streams (of suppurating head), Thr. Ir. Gl. 36.24 . legthar roimh in croissi (leg. crois-si?) an cuid sin (direction to reader), Lism. L. xxxiii 1 . co nderna chrois díb trít chride (of crossed spears), TBC-LL² 3699 . cor bo chross tall tarsna triana chlíab , TFerbe 243 . do . . . gurbo c.¤ bodhbhda 'na cliabh an craoisech, ZCP x 296.30 . táinig dhe a chur a ccrois cross-roads , O'R. Poems 305 . tempal . . . cona shanctair ┐ crosaibh transept , AFM iii 218.8 . cloidem . . . co crosaib ┐ dornnchur n-orda ` cross-guard ', Grail 2860 . clannaidh í gur dherg a crois ` hilt ', Duan. F. i 66.30 . milledh mo chána go crois completely , Misc. Hag. Hib. 123.22 . an stóil bhíos ina crois fá bhrághaid an tsagairt, Eochairsg. 35.32 . do bi ina crois ┐ a bél re lár (i.e. with arms outstretched in cros-ḟigell), SG 39.28 .

(d) Transfd. prohibition; hindrance. Orig. of the actual placing of a cross on a road: ni tabarr (sic leg.) [c.¤] for conair, ZCP xviii 388 ( Laws ii 90.14 Comm. ). do berar c.¤ for conaire air he is prevented from travelling the road(?), O'D. 646 ( H 3.17, 481 ). c.¤ i forba apaidh forna íslibh, c.¤ i forba apaidh ┐ troscadh for na uaislibh, 621 ( H 3.17, 461 ). as é a fuaidre, a suidiugh c.¤ for cuile in breithemon no ara beolu . . . c.¤ for cuile .i. c.¤ na fiadhnaise co na tucar biad eiste amach ar son apa. No ar beolu .i. co na ruga breth, 639 ( 473 ). forais ni bid fri crois na fri athgabail . . . .i. c.¤ a naige croise, O'Curry 374 ( H 3.18, 208b ). to-g[o]a fer ad-gair im cross fa gíall . . . dia toirb inna fíachu-sa `whether it be on the basis of a cross or a hostage', Ériu xx 166 § 6 (see 175 ). sárugud aitire nó crossi in domnaig oc saigid na cána in domnaig `bailiffs' (?), Ériu ii 208.15 . tabhair . . . / crois ó chomharba Pheadair, DDána 72.2 . dún gan chrosa ar chóir-bhreathaibh `hindrances to', Timth. 1916, 37 § 8 . ? na buail bos re bel filidh / do dhuain ch.¤ go ccoiridhir until you emend your perverse poem, Rel. Celt. ii 298.32 . ? as báthad coindell mo ch.¤ , BNnÉ 286.15 . Hence prep. phr. tar crois in spite of, against orders of: tanag cugud, a banntigerna, tar do crois, ZCP vi 27.9 . tar crois Cumaill, Duan. F. i 86.w . gabhaim do láimh tar a chrois, Oss. iv 86.16 .

(e) affliction : co toracht féin foa chroiss, Trip.² 795 . deacair comhthrom a gcroisi d'fhagháil `affliction like theirs', Ó Bruad. iii 52.5 .

In n. loc.: C.¤ in Chloim, RC xii 342.19 . fri Crossa Brenaind andess, LL 37496 . i machaire na croisi, AFM vi 2222.17 . See Hog. Onom.

Compds. With nouns. dhá chroisbhéim do chomh-mbualadh a g-cloidhiomh oblique strokes, ML 128.5 . ind etarfasaighibh na crosbhuinnedh cengail hoops , CCath. 5327 . a clarad ┐ a cómdluthad ┐ a crosdelb cross-section(?) (a temple), LB 120b21 . crosdibirciud ` cross-pelting ' (in list of guilty games), Celtica viii 150.4 , cf. do chloīndībircthib, Sc.M² 17 . claidem . . . cona croseltaibh `cross-hilts', CCath. 5242 . croisróid cullóide is coire, Ó Bruad. ii 182.2 . cross-sluaiged la T. . . . an ndescert E. ` thwart-hosting ', RC xviii 52.y (Tig.) gablóc i mbí crostál crainn 'a little forked branch in which there is a wooden cross-adze' EIS 164 § 73 . in crostuad lethan 'broad cross-axe' CIH ii 669.28 , EIF 488 n. 164 .

With adjj.: cosair . . . cros-aidlennach cumaisc, MR 316.1 . colna cros-bhuailte transfixed , TSh. 6612 . a chloidheamh crosghlan, DDána 98.28 . cirrta, crechtach, crosledartha, ZCP vi 68.22 . is crechtach crosledarthach atathar, RC xxii 328 n.11 ( BDD 167 ). cloidheamh crosórdha gold-hilted , CF² 681 . cepach cirrthi do c[h]uradhuib crosroinnti, ML² 1851 . With vb.: ra cétṡnaidit ┐ ra crostuagait na clairsin, LL 30945 `those boards . . . were cross-axed', TTr. 127 .

See crosḟigel(l).

do-esc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-esc or dil.ie/17584

Forms: doneiscend, doesister, tescaid, tescad, tescthar

v (* to-in-(-ess-?)sc-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 612 ). Deut. forms very doubtful. ? Indic. pres. 3 s. doneiscend, YBL 58a41 . s-subj. pass. doesister, O'Dav. 787 . Otherwise always as simple verb tescaid. Vn. tescad. IGT Verbs § 80 .

(a) cuts, severs: selais mu genum (.i. tescaid mu chlaideb), IT i 163 . turesc . . . .i. tairis tescas cach ni, Corm. Y 1244 . ningeib rind, nin-tesc faebor, TBC-LL¹ 3209 = ni thesc, TBC-I¹ 2390 . nistescfad foebur no iarn, MacCarthy 62 . no thesctaís rotha íarnaide na carpat fréma na ralach, MU² 271 . nomthescfat roith iarnaide in charpait, TBC-LL¹ 1340 . tescaid a chliab ingne tenedh in chait, Anecd. i 57 . rostesc oenḟer . . . de bulli chrichid chlaidib, TBC-LL¹ 733 . rothescc hi i ndib rannu, PH 7240 . ra lettair Lóch mo dā lon, | romtesc in tṡōdh garb glasrod, TBC-LL¹ 2366 . biail . . . nothescbad finna fri gāith, FB § 91 . co ntescfad finna i n-aigid srotha, TBC-I¹ 1918 . tesctar a folt, Fél. 50 (Jan. 20) = tescthar, Fél.² xxxviii . notesctha a folt ┐ a ingne cecha dardain chaplaite, clxxi (Nov. 24) . da nambeth-sa mo chlaideb . . . ratescfaitis lim-sa braigte fer, TBC-LL¹ 5946 . Transf. of dividing territory, etc.: a flaith . . . rotescadh doris iartain . . . eter cethrur coema fir, Lec. 45b42 . Cuts off, lops off: doneiscend Fraech a chend don míl, YBL 58a41 ( TBFr. 18 = comben, LL). tescthar de a lám, RC x 68 . tescbaither a thenga, PH 1117 . tescaid in clérech a lúdain de, Fél. 70 ( Fél. Feb. 8 ). do chlaideb féin . . . tescfas dít do chend, Metr. Dinds. iii 154 . gur theasg a cheann dá cholainn, IT ii2 142 . rotescair a finnfad ┐ a heteda dí, RC v 199 . rothescsat a leth-iscait ndeiss foei, PH 553 . cloidheamh an bháis . . . lé dteasgthar an t-anam dá chorp, TSh. 7813 . tocaibset in cend . . . amal bid hi in uair sin rotescthai, PH 924 . nothescatis barru na crand, 4620 . co rotescadh a bos deas de, AU 1019 . Cuts down, fells: cor loisc Inis E. ┐ cor thesc a haballgort, RC xviii 185 . masa fedha rotescad and, Laws iii 148 Comm. Tailtiu car thescad in chaill, LL 137a22 ( RC xlvii 292.7 ) = gar tescad, Lec. 395b31 . tesc na tilcha cut down the hill-tops, TBC-LL¹ 6017 . na mórṡlébe andaig | ro tesctha co rinnaib, Fél. Prol. 238 . Transf. of rending, taking away: teasgfad as láimh do mhic é (sc. an ríoghacht = de manu filii tui scindam illud, 2 Kings xi 12 ), Eochairsg. 53 .

(b) Transf. cuts off, destroys, slays: tescais coica[i]t fer n-armach, ZCP iii 43 . rotescad Pol la Neir Cessair, Rawl. 75b37 . Madudhan o'n turc rotraethadh, | roteascadh in torc, ba dír, BB 53b27 . rotesccait óicc áille ann, AFM ii 902 . an lucht . . . lér teasgadh ár bprionnsa, O'Gr. Cat. 30 . is truagh sin a luaithe do teascadh mac na Carrthaighe, Ó Bruad. ii 250 . rotesctha milidh rig isind amus sin, BB 206b42 . roteasgda milidh in rig, Todd Nenn. 58 .

Note also: brithem Cuind Cetchathaig. robo mór immad a innmais. rotescat (.i. rotreicset) a muinter ┐ foracabsat deserted (?), Rawl. 112b46 .

do-fúarat

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-fúarat or dil.ie/17698

Forms: tua(i)rth-, donurteit, dufuairthed, tiruairsit, tuairsid, difuairsitis, condiuair, duruarid, doruarthatar, dorruairthetar, diuradte, díurad

v (*dí-uss-reth-) See GOI 526 . In Mid.Ir. influenced in pres. 3 s. by 1 téit (see exx. below) and with prot. stem tua(i)rth-, perh. from a compd. *to-uss-reth- (see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 600 ) remains over, remains. Indic. pres. 3 s. intan d.¤ ind .e. timmorte in deoguir when the short e of the diphthong remains, Sg. 12a3 . d.¤ latt . . . gl. remanent, Thes. ii 37.14 . nícon diurat ní diib dia ǽs nothing of them remains, Ml. 72b17 . co leth in edh dohurrtéit ann, Ériu i 215.19 . a ndourrtéit ann. . . forsna trēinibh, 23 . co ná túarat ní de etir, 214.27 . masa ingin nama do ruairtéit di cloinn in athar, O'Curry 1406 ( H 3.18 635 ). dofuairthét molta maini, RC xx 44 (ACC pref.) = dofúarthet .i. marit, LU 359 . bo ┐ tri screpaill issedh tuarteit ann, Laws i 246.3 Comm. aingi in trúagh nát túartéit ní, ZCP vii 269 § 11 . teora pinginne dec . . . isedh tuartet, Laws i 246.6 Comm. na comarbada donurteit ann (pl. ?), ii 212.21 Comm. ní tuairthet and iarsin acht se lathi trichat, PH 4933 . Impf. dufuairthed gl. cum superesset, Ml. 97d12 . dufuairthed ní leu fora saith din main some of the manna over and above their fill used to remain over, 10 . dotuairthed boimm leis dé .u. panibus, Trip.² 2860 . Subj. pres. 3 pl. mad dia tiruairsit na cinta forna coimétaib, O'D. 749 ( H 3.17 452 ). Impf. 3 s. comadh air tuairsid in fhingail so that on him might remain the guilt of the murder, RC xvii 29 (Tig.) = tuairseadh, AFM i 122 . 3 pl. difuairsitis dia æs that might have remained after him, Ml. 57d3 . Fut. 3 s. ní condiuair ní do foraithmiut etir there will remain nought of memory at all, gl. nulla signa remanere videas, 56d2 . Pret. and perf. 3 s. doberae digail forsan dered duruarid dib, 44a20 . ní deruarid lannech gl. apud nullum remansit, 31a6 . is hé lin doruaraid díb | dia tuathaib, SR 4985 . do threon na trúag ni thuaraid | oenfer dona morslúagaib, 5071 (leg. th[r]uaraid, Stokes, Academy No. 584 ). cotarfuaraid léo . . . | dá chliab déc dia fuidlechaib, 7627 . psalterium . . . ised ainm doruaraidh forsin lepur-su, Hib. Min. 30 . dorūaraid (doroaraid, v.l.) Lomna i bfus, Corm. Y 1018 . mad ed do claind nama doruaraid ann ingen, O'Mulc. 327 . a ndoruaraid (sic leg.) do nat[h]rachaib, Alex. 716 . is aca aonur doruaraid an berla dorad Die do Adam, Auraic. 2501 . a ndotuaraid dib rosdibaid T., Dinds. 9 ( RC xv 300 ). an doruaraidh (sic leg.) dhiobh ro teichsiot ria tTúathaibh Dé, Leb. Gab.(i) 150.21 . don terúairsi doruaraidh (sic leg.) aca dia ffíon, Hugh Roe 8.22 . do neoch rothiruarthestar din churp doenna . . . ar cind báis, RC xxv 242.8 . toruarith Mac Caiss a horbu obtained (? Cf. do-airret), Anecd. iii 62.23 . 3 pl. doruarthatar gl. remanserunt, Sg. 5a13 . dorruairthetar, 18a6 . See 2 diruais. Part. diuradte gl. residuus, Enchir. Aug. 77a ( ZCP vii 483 ). ? cach rét mbec diurtha, O'Dav. 689 .

Vn. díurad. See also tiruairse, túairse.

éislinn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. éislinn or dil.ie/19882
Last Revised: 2019

adj i unsafe, insecure ; as subst. insecurity, danger; an insecure, unguarded place: eslind .i. esinnill,...inill i medon, eslind .i. extra , O'Mulc. 439 . eislinn .i. esinnill no edaingean, O'Cl. Thes. ii 352.5 - 42 . nau tholl diant eslinn guas, 294.27 . cé ní eslind libsi | ar gnúis ind ríg `though you have no danger' Fél., Epil. 397 . nobítís cauraid...ara bélaib hi cathaib ar na bad eslind dó that he might not be exposed to danger Ériu iv 24.28 . conuir bud eislinn do unsafe for him Laws iii 58.29 Comm. imthéit i n-ág i n-eslind, IT i 221.17 . na haithne aithniter don duine i n-eislind o do ria leis co inill ata trian do ar a comet, Laws iii 220.11 Comm. an tan no théged i cathugud no íadaitís...láma fair ná díchsed i n-eslind TTr.² 1676 . ni reilced...i n-eislind, Ériu iv 24.26 . cona bai ní badh eislinn doib acht a n-airm fen dia crechtnugad, CCath. 5690 . tucsat glūn re gliaid ┐ aighed re heislind do Goll cona muintir, Acall. 2828 . doriacht aenben... | is do ḟuacair ar Ḟein Ḟind | comling aenḟir gerb eislind, 5651 . doriachtsam as gach eslind, Aen. 619 . A vulnerable part of the body, flank (?): dolleici...uad indara sleig...conostarla tria eslind a chuirp corbo chross tall tarsna triana chlíab iar tregdad a chride, TFerbe 242 . dorat Achil furmiud fair don lágin...co lluid...tri eslind a chléib ┐ tri chomthrom a chride co ro briss a druimm dar dó `through the flank of his chest' TTr. 2047 = LL 244a41 . Cf. gor ab iad eislinni, inni ┐ inathair C. arna criathrad ┐ arna comthollad do cēdurchor Cellaig, MR 270.8 . Of worry, insecurity, mental affliction (?): agá rád riu gan dogra do dénam ┐ cen eslinn ┐ gan imshním do beith ortho 'telling them not to despair and not to feel sorrowful nor insecure', Stair Nic. 24.447 . Cf. éislinn 'a weak spot; a flaw, a defect; a failing in health'​​, Dinneen . As attrib.: ind áth eislind ind-agaid for namhot, Ériu viii 172.12 . gur crechtnaigit na cuirp ina n-inadhaib eslinne, 46.33 . Cf. imfaebair cach giallnai eislinniu `the punishment of every imperfect service' Laws iv 320.17 (`of every defective vassalage' PRIA xxxvi C 16, 296 ). Obscure exx. are: gáeth úar tar fáebru eslind, BDD 101a = LU 91a42 . fer ar-feid solaig fri aiss esslind..., LU 132a13 .

1 fáball

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fáball or dil.ie/20969

n o, m. (?) a going, moving; movement, course (?) : fabhall .i. feacht no siubhal, O'Cl. Translated ` carriage, act of conveying ', Laws vi s.v. It occurs in a passage dealing with waifs and property cast ashore, Laws iii 430.2 - 4 : in t-ainmraindi ata ina tochur, no ina tabairt do srothaib corub e in t-ainmraindi sin bes ina tochur no ina thabairt a faball in tsrotha sin; ocus ní faball ma focoisli .i. ní faball itir he, madia foxla sruth ni as, uair foxlait srotha ┐ ni foxlait fabaill `the proportion that shall be due for its casting ashore or its conveyance by the carriage of that stream' (`the flow of the stream' Stokes, ACL iii 191 s.v.). conda n-imbir do chride it chliab immar ubull i fabull ná mar chertli i fásbulg (`wie ein Apfel in einem Wagen?') TBC-LL¹ 4386 (a prov. ?). ni ba filliud fabaill a uball ..., RC xxv 348.9 (rhet.). atchid ... ara tia leis dochom nErend. asbert in ben robad aithrech ind ḟáboll dolotar cammae `their going would make them rue' Imr. Brain § 63 (in ḟáboll, faball, ḟaball, fabuld MSS.). See also 2 fáball.

Here probably: atá oireachas Eireann eadarbhuais uasaibhse mar bhíos fód fábhaill ar foluamhain `a fabulous land' [a moving sod?] ML 124.27 ( ML² 1656 ). níor leat do chríoch áluinn óg | ní bhíoth acht fód fábhuill fúd, Ir. Monthly 1928 , 487 ( DDána 138 ). Cf. fott fabaill .i. parrthus Adhaimh isi sin in clochín cloch frithtomhuis suas ┐ anuas .i. comhḟada uadha suas co teaghus na Trínoidi ┐ uadha anuas go talmain, Lib. Flav. i 12rb 11 .

A time, occasion: dochúaid uait don ḟabull-sa he has escaped from you this time SR 6040 . Cf. the phr. i n-óení at one go, simultaneously: a n-aonfabull do-cuadar risna fiachaib at the one time they guaranteed Bürgschaft 52.22 . dia comtiassad in ciniud daenda i n-aenfaball da saigidh, CCath. 808 . ro greissit uile i n-énṡíst ┐ i n-énḟábhall (i n-aenabull, indoenfaball v.l.), 1827 . ro lasat uili ind oenfaball a slega fair, 3626C . i n-oenabull, Cog. 148z . i n-aoinfhecht ┐ i n-oenfhabhall, Hugh Roe² 72. 15 (f.38a) . comhlassait a n-aoinfheacht ┐ a n-aonfhábhall (of fireworks), Fl. Earls 188.7 .

fo-luigi

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fo-luigi or dil.ie/23191
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: folaid, folaich, fullugaimm, -folcai, foluigi, foilcc, fus-luget, fo-d-lugai, farolgais, folloig, follaig, farrolaig, -forlaig, farlaic, foluicct[h]er, foilg-, falc-, folch-, falch-, -folaig, -foiligh

v i (for etym. see Ériu xii 221 ). ipv. 2 s. folaid (= folaig) Corm. Y 690 . folaich, ZCP viii 311.5 (Laud 610). pres. ind. 1 s. fullugaimm (gl. abdo) Sg. 22b4 . 2 -folcai, Lism. L. 3489 . 3 s. foluigi, Anecd. iii 57.14 (Laud 610) (cf. noda foilcc , SR 251 , by Strachan, VSR p. 68 , referred, with a query, to folcim; see folcaid). 3 pl. fus-luget, Ériu ii 110 § 29 . subj. pres. 2 s. mad fo-d-lugai (ma folugai, cia foluga, v.l.), Fél. June 6 . pret. and perf. 2 s. farolgais, LU 4119 ( Metr. Dinds. ii 10 ). 3 s. folloig, TBC-I¹ 2053 = follaig LU 6567 . farrolaig (refl.), Bodl. Corm. s.v. lethech ( Corm. Y 825 ), -forlaig, Fianaig. 16.6 , etc. Cf. con farlaic , AFM ii 586.20 . Pass. pres. foluicct[h]er, O'Mulc. 760 . Vn. 1 folach, q.v.

In Mid. Ir. commonly treated as simple vb., stem foilg- (failg-) (occas. folc- falc- may be scribal error), later folch-, falch- ( IGT III exx. 458 , 460 ); 3 s. perf. -folaig (-falaig, -foiligh).

Lit. `lays under ' hence

(a) covers, hides, conceals: foilgiseom a gnuis, LU 5200 ( -sseom, TBC-I¹ 721 ). follaig Medb ... a hainech, LU 6567 . cia ḟalchaid a agaidh, ZCP x 52.17 . folcuit a n-aighti ... lena mbélaib úachtair, Maund. 176 . do ḟalaich I. a chend re nāiri, Lec. [70b] 25 . ciaptar carait coraib crech | forrolaich talam, Rawl. 156b23 (possibly fosr-; = fos rolaic, BB 151b22 ). ni farlaig talam ... fer fo Mael ... Muru the earth never covered a man like M. AU 886 = Bruchst. i § 112 . nī forlaig hiriu ... sēt bad n-amradar, Fianaig. 16 § 39 . Cf. con farlaic tonn talman until earth covered him AFM ii 586.20 . See also c below. ro foilgeset in chlérig a lungai isin bailiu sin, Trip. 36.13 (375 = absconderunt). do ḟoilgettar ... a n-artraige, ITS xvi 28.14 . forroilged la G. dabach il-lac mara, Anecd. i 1y . rofoilgedh leis dabach lān di arcad, 4.26 . do folchadur na hIdhail an croch ... a talamh, Maund. 12 . rofolchadh cistedha ... fon talmain, BNnÉ 318 § 9 . cáitt inar ḟoilgis do mac? ... Nir ḟoilgius itir he where hast thou hidden thy son? I have not hidden him at all LB 144a38 . do rug se B. leis ┐ rofhoiligh e ina caislén, ZCP vi 277.1 . dá bhfolchadh úir a aghaidh IGT III ex. 458 . adeirid gur folchadh fa dhílinn e `was hidden from [? under] the deluge' Keat. i p. 152 (cf. Éigse iv 248 ). foluigh mé faói scáile do sciathán!, Psalms xvii 8 . mo lucht iomtha mh'uilc ... nīr ḟailgedar hid not my wrong-doing ZCP xii 383.30 ( YBL 372b26 ) = Dán Dé xvi 11 . mo chion féin acht nach folchuinn, Dán Dé xxii 29 . néall ... lé bhfolchar grian na ngrás, TSh. 10739 . gur ḟolaigheadar na tonna an t-arthrach, Matthew viii 24 . With FOR of pers. (Cf. 1 for II (l)): foilgid ... a gnúis forro hides his face from them TBC-LL¹ 1361 . ra foilged Ioib fair, LL 217a19 ( TTr. 11 ). do ḟaluigh oirn in gréin nglain | a sgáile his shadow hid the sun from us Anecd. 33 § 67 . cid uma bhfolcai forainn ratha ... in Spirta?, Lism. L. 3489 . rofoilghidh na slighthi ... forra, CCath. 2351 . ó ro ḟolchait [folcait foilgit v.l.] ardslébe na hEtáile forsin airdrí[g] were hidden (i.e. beneath the horizon) CCath. 1451 . foileóchad orra na fáidhe, Mac Aingil 416.16 (cf. Isaiah xxix 10 : prophetas ... operiet). With RÉ N-: is romainde ro falchabair bar mbiad, LB 154b44 . With FRI/RI: ris nach falchoid tíre a dtoirthe 'from whom regions do not hide their fruit', Giolla Brighde 16 § 20 .

Reflex. hides oneself: hi cressaib ... na secht nime fus-luget in dā crithmhil dēc (i.e. the Zodiacal signs), Ériu ii 110 § 29 . nos-failgid fo chossaib ... Menerba, Aen. 495 (= sub pedibusque deae ... teguntur Aeneid ii 227 ). farrolaig didiu Ciuitēni fadesin himmaig, Corm. Bodl. s.v. lethech ( Corm. Y 825 ). nā roḟalcha diabul he fen i mbiadaib, LB 234b7 . do fhalcastair he a nduama aineolaig, TTebe 1259 .

Absol. : rotheigh ┐ ro folaig ría German hid (himself) from G. LU 242 (Todd Todd Nenn. 102 ).

(b) in specific sense covers, spreads ... over: ni fhalaigh aol | aghaidh chathrach a comhchaomh lime does not cover the front of a castle so fair Ériu v 60 . ro foilgetar an tech d'etaigiph, Aisl. Tond. 112 § 3 . do folchad na buird do srol ┐ do sída, Fianaig. 56.3 . do folcadh búird ... an ríoghtheaghlaigh ┐ do dáileadh togha gacha bídh ... forra, Maguires of F. § 28 . foileóchthar leó learga Midhe | ré méid na gcreach, TD 16.60 .

(c) various extensions of meaning: rabert béim din chulg dét dó go ra ḟolaig na chliab buried it in his chest TBC-LL¹ 3830 . nior folchadh gráinne nar ghin not a grain was sown but it sprouted, IGT III ex. 459 . ? noglésed a guth dóib, conda-foilged ind-ara fecht. dondiusced in fecht aile, Ériu i 114 § 2 (= so that he hid i.e. lowered and raised it alternately ?). mairg doman ┐ talam ┐ uisci i n-ar folchedh in tṡaerclann `was submerged' AU ii 520 (cf. Ann. Conn. 1365 § 8 ). in loch sa ... eter gnaī ┐ glór is ghen | ór is fīn faī do foilgedh beauty, speech and laughter, gold and wine were submerged beneath it (of drowning of Somairle) ib. anfa mara ... ros foluigh uile engulfed them (of Pharao and his hosts), Keat. ii 349 . bās Seaāin is dīth Donncaidh | gach nemāgh dá bfrīth falchaidh eclipse all disasters that were ever known ZCP ii 354.24 . an bior tarla san troighidh | cion na habhla do fholuigh, PBocht 21 § 22 . Cf. onchoin Ghaeidheal ar na nguin, folchaidh aeinḟear a n-easbhaidh `one man would supply their loss' Miscell. Celt. Soc. 156.6 . mar do beith sib beo co brāth ... falchaid mēt bar muirni a muig | cen chuimni fon ēc acuib the exuberance of your spirits hides death from your remembrance (?) ACL iii 239 § 24 .

fonnam

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fonnam or dil.ie/23258

Forms: fonnam

n (< fo-snám, acc. to Meyer ZCP x 351 ; cf. Misc. Hib. § 11 ) rapid movement to and fro; palpitation (?): fonnamh .i. fogluasacht, ut est i fonnam mo thuirc, O'Dav. 848 . i fondam mo thuirc .i. i fogluasacht mo chride, Corm. Y 1227 = im ḟoindaim mo thuirc, Thr. Ir. Gl. p. 43 = ní fó indam dom mo thuircc .i. mo chridi im chliab co fil for crith ib. 44 ( LL 179a29 ). fonnam (one of the nine hazels of Segais?), Ériu xiii 26.27 .

(Cf. fo fondaim in ferainn, Laws v 470.2 Comm. (see 1 fondad).

fuidlech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fuidlech or dil.ie/24774
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: fuiglech, fuidlechaib, fuighligh, fuighleachaibh

n o, m. (fuidell) in later MSS. generally fuiglech.

(a) a remainder or remnant , used much like fuidell: roind míle bliadan ar nai randaibh dég ┐ is é is fuidleach do sin dá bliadain dég divide a thousand ... by nineteen and the remainder is twelve O'Gr. Cat. 307x . in f.¤ [fuigheall, fuiglech v.l.] fuil acainn d'ar n-armuibh what is left to us of our weapons. RC xiv 34 . fuiglech na nār `the spoils left by the nobles' Metr. Dinds. iii 360 . fuighleach a lachta, Content. xxviii 13 . fuighleach na bpeacadh .i. na peacaidh nar chuimhnigh do chur a bhfaoisidin, Luc. Fid. 138 . fuighleach chāigh muna chognam the leavings of others Aithd. D. 46.9 . fuigh leach aoigheadh a n-ionnmhas their wealth is what guests have left DDána 102.4 . gan boin ... muna bfoil d'fuighlech airgne `a survivor from the raid' Quiggin, Prolegomena V 28 n . ( Aithd. D. 40.31 : `overlooked in ... plundering'). Freq. in the phr.: f.¤ áir survivors of battle; all that are left: fuighleach áir chathslóig ua gCuinn `the last survivor' O'Gr. Cat. 449 . a mar uirre d'fhuighleach áir the survivors that remain in it Dán Dé iii 32 . Cf. fuighleach caoire ar gceardchain-ne `wrought in the metal of our smithy Dán Dé vi 37 (of the Saviour; for the metaph. cf. x 9 ). See fuidel (d). Rare in pl.chliab déc dia fuidlechaib SR 7628 ( Joh. vi 13 ). ro bátar fuidligi leo 'they had leftovers', Celtica xxv 21.15 . rofaccaibsit fuidhlidhi aidhbli dibh cen tomailt, Grail 1606 .

(b) the latter part of winter (also in pl. Cf. fuidhle `the days in January' P. O'C. ): ro cí F. isin fhuigleach ag iarraidh samhaidh, BNnÉ 29w . g s. gacha fuighligh , 30.2 . pl. sméra 'sna fuighleachaibh , 128 § 25 . See fuidell (b) and faílech (some scholars have taken the latter as a late form and spelling of fuidlech, but such a phenomenon would be without parallel in the literature. On the other hand fuighleach, etc. could well be in some cases a late scribal mis-spelling of faílech. Cf. sméra sind fulliuch, LU 9725 ( ZCP iii 218 ).

1 íar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 íar or dil.ie/26931
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: iar, ier, iar, ar, iar, érsná, er, ier, iar, ar, iarsin, érsná, iarmut, iarma, íarma, iarmu, iarmo, iarmaib, arnam, iarna, iarnar, íarnar, íar, iarna, íar, íarconn, íarngaes, íarmblas

nasalising prep. with dat. Forms: O.Ir. iar, ier; Mid. Ir. iar, ar: iar, Wb. 4a27 . Sg. 161b5 . érsná súthaib, Thes. i 5.33 . er, Sg. 197b10 . er cul Peter Apstel, Thes. ii 289.18 . ier, Thes. ii 240.20 , 24 (Ardm.). Hib. Min. 420 (H). CCath. 3475. Leb. Gab.(i) 88.x . ZCP viii 108.9 . Fl. Earls 166.16 . iar, Metr. Dinds. iii 170.27 . AFM vi 2372.17 . ar, Maund. § 11. Fl. Earls 178.9 .

With article: sg. iarsin tairgiriu, Wb. 19c3 . iarsin chumung, 16c19 . iarsind urd, Fél. Prol. 279. iarsind aeor, SR 2134. iarsint ṡligi, ScM. § 1.13 . íarsin muir, Imr. Brain § 32. īarsan abaind, Ériu ii 22.20 . pl. érsná súthaib, Thes. i 5.33 . iarsna reaib, Laws iv 230.z . iarnaib ... bliadnaib, 176.5 . iarsna saethraib, ACL iii 10.14 .

With pron. suff.: s. 2 iarmut, Ml. 70c15 . s. 3 m. and n. íarum q.v. (used only adverbially). Later O. and Mid. Ir. iarma, TBC-I¹ 1455. PH 7121 , 5654 . íarma: (bliadna), Todd Lect. iii 154 § 3. iarmu, IT i 120.30 . iarmo, PH 4673. pl. 3 iarmaib, SR 4776. IT iii 70 § 23.

With poss.: s. 1 arnam crádh, IGT Decl. ex. 223. arn-am choimmeas, TSh. 328. s. 3 m. and n. iarna hiris, Wb. 5c24 . íarna míad, Críth G. 83. air na chruthughadh, Donlevy 58.27 . f. iarna beím, ScM. § R 18 . pl. 1 iarnar sóirad, Wb. 14c7 . íarnar n-imchosait, LU 8080. pl. 2 íar far toimtin-si, Wb. 20a14 . pl. 3 iarna ndichennad, LU 9018.

With rel. (no ex. in O. Ir. Glosses): in sét iarsa tancatar, PH 7036. na da bethaid iarsa fhognann ..., 3546 .

Folld. by acc. instead of dat.: iarsin mbaigse, Fél. Ep. 315 v.l. iarsin mbethaid sin, PH 4669. iarsna gnimu mora, 1399 .

I Of time.

(a) Folld. by subst., vn. or pron. after: mad slaán in ball iarna galar `after its sickness,' Wb. 12b11 . massu cut séitchi rocretis na scarad frit iar cretim `let her not part from thee after believing,' 10a29 . iar ndígbail in tinfith `after taking away the aspiration,' Sg. 9a16 . dia treise íar fócru on the third day after notice, Críth G. 84. iar compert din spirad naob, Mon. Tall. 127.11 . mairc damsa ría cách, mairg íar cách, BDD² 731. íar ndénum in brothchán do-bert a máthair dí, 66 . dósom ┐ dia manchaib iar n-a écc, Lat. Lives 24.13 . iar feis di la Eochaid, IT i 121.26 . iar tregtad a chridi na chlíab , TBC-LL¹ 2036. iarsin mbethaid-sin ... `post hanc uitam,' PH 4669. ar techtt do Séith o pharrdus mar a roibi a athuir fúair ar faghbáil báis é `he found him dead,' Maund. § 11. in tan ... at[c]onncatar na fogmoraigh iar caithem a shoighet é, Stair Erc. 594. an lá air na mhárach the following day, Donlevy 486.6 . in pāpa ar n-īc a ttinnscra the Pope having paid their dowry, Fl. Earls 178.9 . `on condition that': tug a anam do iar n-anmain aigi na oglach indraic co bas, Stair Erc. 2554.

(b) With various substantives denoting time: íar cind aimsire léicid Cormac ... `after a time,' BDD² 64. tuidecht i n-Érinn íar n-aimseraib cíanaib, Imr. Brain § 32. ticfa már-gein íar mbethaib `after ages,' § 26 . gabsat Érinn iar n-edaib (v.l. ndedaib)? `at intervals,' Metr. Dinds. iii 170.27 . dia ro goireadh O Neill iar ttrioll `who was afterwards styled O'Neill,' AFM vi 2372.17 .

(c) Combines with pronouns and some substantives to form adverbs: íar sin, íar sain then, thereupon, after that, thereafter: dutét iarsin dia chennadich `then he comes to his province,' Thes. ii 240.13 . at-chíusa íar sin sainslabra sainigthi remib then I see, BDD² 462. dogníthea airig doib íar sin comdar reachtaidi uile, 101 . deisidh C. ina suidhe iar sin thereupon , ScM. § R 13 . ní bu chían íarsin coráncatar tír inna mban, Imr. Brain § 62. ro fallsighed do cach ní no biad iarsin `all that would be thereafter,' RC xxiv 192.2 . íar sodain after that, then: scaraid B. friu iar sodain, LU 8155. conid iar sodain ro gab ina glaic, 9070 . lotor ass íarsodhain, Hugh Roe 20.4 . íar suidiu after this, hereafter: ránic Patricc iersuidiu `after this came Patrick,' Thes. ii 240.20 . lotar íarum dochum nAlban ┐ ortadar a n-orcain and, ┐ ath-ralsat íar suidhi dochum nÉrenn, BDD² 428. bá iar sudiu conacrad Ailill do Chonchobur, LU 8744. in cauradmir ... do fodail fón slóg uile innocht ┐ techt immi iar sudiu hereafter , 8214 . lotar deisell arnauárach go D.... Lotar īar suidhiu do cill Monach, ZCP viii 106.28 . íar sunn hereupon: is íar sunn doinscanat gráda inna flaithe it is after this that the noble classes begin, Críth G. 315. íar tain afterwards, then (may refer either to past or fut. time): ciasu iartain rocet `though it was sung afterwards,' Ml. 2b6 . gair biuc iartain `shortly afterwards,' Sg. 147a7 . ro soich in rí iartain dochum na hingeni afterwards the king went, IT i 120.15 . má adcetha Aircthech íar tain, Imr. Brain § 12. co ro thuismiset iar tain so that afterwards they begot, SR 2403. dús inn imgabaind iar tain | Coinculaind mac Sualtaig `um zu sehen, ob ich ... vermeiden könnte,' TBC-LL¹ 488. is and-side ro-m-adnaiced-sa fen iar-tain `where I myself was afterwards laid,' PH 1533. ro-ádnacht tra a dá ingen, in da noem óig iar cén máir iar-tain `his daughters, the two holy virgins, were buried long after,' 2565 - 6 . ba dércach trócar ... ernaigtech in tí Longínus iar-tain thereafter , 684 . ro scail Ercuil de iar d[t]ain `and then H. loosed him,' Stair Erc. 359. íar céin after some time: in chaingnímai aili is iarceín rofinnatar `it is after a time that the other good deeds are discovered,' Wb. 29a30 . ro aintadaigsetar iar cein | sil Seth ocus clann Caeïn, SR 2401. ri dorat Seth soer iarcein | d'Adaum inn-inad n-Abeil, 2009 . da-nid da leith don duine ┐ ni cluined co hiarcen `he would not hear it till long afterwards,' Aen. 1936. íarsind úair after a while, presently: is mo chendsa ceta-imchoichertthar and íarsind úair iter feirtsib carpat, BDD² 732. íar n-úair in turn: déca cach ingnad ar n-úair, LU 3605. do cach budin ar [n-]úair, 2025 . ni for amlesaib in tṡlúaig | ber-sa cach fordul ar n-úair, TBC-LL¹ 487. go smuainim iar n-uair Muire ar tonnaibh an taobhochta `then let me think of Mary ...,' Studies 1932, 433 § 5 .

(d)

(i) íar + vn. + gen. has the sense of a past participle pass. or, in ref. to future time, of a fut. perf. participle pass. The agent is introduced by do: hícc sochuide tre precept iarnar sóirad `after our deliverance,' Wb. 14c7 . iar nemfadbail fire daoine `when the tests of men have not been procured,' Laws iv 294.7 Comm. iarna breith `having been born,' Fél. Ep. 119. iar tarmthecht dún `after we had transgressed,' SR 1559. in ndaraig móir ... iarna beím dó asa fremaib, Sc.M² R §18. iar ngabail righe d'Eochaid, IT i 118.8 . ni boí occosom do chumachta a mbith beó iarna ndichennad when once they should be beheaded, LU 9018. íarnar n-imchosait do Bricrind after B. shall have set us at loggerheads, 8080 . in c[h]uid nār marbad dīb do bātar ar n-a crēchtnugad, ML² 386. ar ndol dó isteagh san gceardchain `after he had gone in,' TSh. 313. delb Iustiníanuis impir ... ar na órud ` gilded ,' Maund. § 8. ionmhuin troigh a-tá ar n-a goin that has been wounded, DDána 26 § 24. atá arna tionól sonna `here is gathered,' Studies 1919, 438 § 3 . in fínemhain iarna freacar `when cultivated,' Stair Erc. 496.

(ii) íar + vn. + gen. dependent on vn. has also the force of a past participle pass.: iar marbhadh a righ `their king having been slain,' Stair Erc. 738. ar caithem na mís sin doibh `after they had passed that month,' 1038 . iar forba in morgnima so do E. `after H. had completed,' 373 .

(iii) When the vn. is beith, íar mbeith means being: iar nembeith cethra nocho `when he has not cattle,' Laws iv 264.22 . iar mbeith ag teitheadh do A. `while A. was fleeing,' TSh. 999. air mbeith dhamh go tromdha, tuirseach I being ..., Donlevy 288.9 . ar mbeith F. uasa cinn `since Ph. was above him,' Stair Erc. 342.

II Of place.

(a) across, along used both of movement across and of position along (e.g. along the edge of ...): traigh a leithead tis iar n-ichtar along the bottom, Laws iv 112.4 . airtem a leithet a crui iar n-airthur `a fist with the thumb extended being the breadth of its fork in front,' (i.e. across the front), ii 238.15 . a crich iar fut, iar lethet in its length and breadth, SR 2640. do deochaid Moisi ... for teched ... | iar tírib, iar slichtib srath, 3735 . conḟacca Euá... | iarsind aeor do noebnim | tri heoin gela through the air, 2134 . oc techt īar fraīchrud Mide síar across the heath, ScM. § 20.5 . oc ascnom íar Slige Chúaland, BDD² 288. scéith ... co círbachlaib co n-esnadaib crédumai iarna tóebaib along the sides of them. TBFr. 40. foracabsat a lungai isin inbiur ┐ dodechotar iar tír, Lat. Lives 5.1 . conacci a dochum in fer isin charput íarsin muir, Imr. Brain § 32. dolluid Eogan ... iarsind ḟaidche, IT i 76.3 . dolinged míl mbec iarsin lind dochum a bél across the liquid?, LU 10598. saighet tenedh do thuidhecht iar fut Laighen across Leinster, AU i 476.7 . colg dét iarna chossliasait chlí along his left thigh, TBC-LL¹ 5287. clar airgit ... co n-aireccur ōir...fair...iar n-imechtair `along the outside,' CCath. 5232. íar n-oraib na long `along the edges of the ships,' TTr.² 893. robarta tond tūargabar īar tóib betha blāi, Ériu vii 2.25 . bleogan ... do lēcad īarsan abaind `adown the river,' ii 22.20 . a troigthi ar n-ichtur ┐ a n-aigthi ar n-uachtur, TTebe 3069 . d' faixin in chaislēin ier n-inmhedhón on the inside, Fl. Earls 108.x . 166.16 .

(b) beyond, on the farther side of: lodar ... siar co rangadar Teach nDuinn iar nErinn beyond Ireland, Anecd. i 18.6 . co rochtus iarum inis nGlúairi iar nIrrus Domnand, Ériu iv 140.15 . i Síd Nenta iar n-usciu, Metr. Dinds. ii 8.92 . iar múr amuig, i 4.35 .

íar cúl behind: a mbís iarna chúul dind séit `what part of the way lies behind him,' Wb. 24a17 . laech as deach fil íar cúl scéith i tír Hérend, BDD² 690. co cúala a ceól íarna chúl `behind him,' Imr. Brain § 2. ro cumrigthe a lláma iarna cúl behind her back, IT i 76.11 . ind raibi athcomarc lat iar do chúl ria tudechd húc `didst thou ask permission of those whom thou didst leave before coming hither?', Mon. Tall. 135.28 . cumma no ṡliged iarna chulaib ┐ ara belaib `behind him and in front of him', Ériu iv 30.6 . an droch-nós do bhí 'na dhúthaigh do chor ar gcúl `to put aside,' TSh. 359.

III Abstract meanings.

according to, in respect of, by reason of: iár fír ` truly ,' Wb. 16a7 . amal dondbeir do cách iarna hiris `according to his faith,' 5c24 . ar n-athir iar colinn gl. secundum carnem, 2b23 . iar ndoinacht, Ml. 17d3 . sech ba huaisliu intí forchongair iar n-aicniud `though he that orders were naturally the superior,' Sg. 161b5 . co mbí bés a thige and íarna míad, Críth G. 83. nad imdich dethbiri iar ndia ocus duine `which necessity does not save according to God and man,' Laws ii 2.7 . iar th'intliucht, iar do glanchéil, SR 1582. noda sloindet íarum iarna slontib fíraib, TBFr. 66. .ix. ngrad nime íarna cémennaib ┐ íarna n-urd, LU 1977. iar forcetul in apstail, PH 4179. ar sēna féin imm ar ndeilb cid iar fírinni bem though we be in the right, Mer. Uil. 9. bid iar cōir a ōegedecht, ACL iii 313 § 11. do for[ṡ]lontib Ulad īar coitchenn in general , ZCP viii 331.10 . gérbho soicenelach hé iar ccolainn ro bai soichenelcha iar menmain, RC xxv 390 § 3. do Fearaib Bolg iat iar ngenelach `by race,' Ériu ii 182.1 .

Of authority, source, etc.: iar n-arsidib `according to the ancients,' Sg. 57b1 . mad iar ceill Cirine `if after the opinion of Jerome,' Hib. Min. 291. iar foirinn aili `according to others,' BColm. 56.28 . iar n-Augustin, PH 6436.

IV= íarum: do haithleaghadh iar i dtriathfhuil Éirionnach, Ó Bruad. ii 144.18 . aithneas iar nár chéim crithre `then she learned ...,' 120.5 . Cf. iar .i. na dhiadh, O'Cl.

V Prefixed to nouns and adjectives, íar nasalises and has the meaning after , e.g. íarconn, íarngaes, íarmblas. A few examples show lenition, e.g. íarshliss.

For íarsindí see under 4 í.

imm-beir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imm-beir or dil.ie/27777

Forms: imrid, imbir, imbeir, 'mobeir, immamberat, imberr, imberar, immaberr, immabera, immdiroibre, imberthar, immer, conidnimbert, imdarubart, imbert

v Mid.Ir. imrid. lit. carries around.

Indic. pres. s. 2 imbir, Thes. ii 249.11 . s. 3 imbeir, LU 9109 (FB). rel. 'mobeir, SR 527. pl. 3 rel. immamberat, Ml. 111b17 . pass. s. imberr (sic leg.), 131a2 . imberar, Mon. Tall. 142.15 . rel. immaberr, Thes. ii 252 § 1 (Stowe M.). subj. pres. s. 3 immabera, Wb. 13a3 . With ro: immdiroibre, Laws v 442 y . pass. imberthar, LU 3241. fut. s. 1 ni immer , LU 10809. pret. s. 3 conidnimbert, Lib. Hymn. i 122.128 . perf. s. 3 imdarubart, LU 3245. Vn. imbert.

moves, sets in action: applied to various activities.

(a) carries around: dá gáe bolga immosbeir, LU 4568.

(b) puts, places; applies: imbir fo dí so sís `put this below twice,' Thes. ii 40.26 . imbir in da mér ... it bélaib, 249.11 . is mor cet mili mobeir | hi timchuaird a ḟosscemeil ... he places around his footstool, SR 527. nos-imbir ongain slanaide fair he applies healing ointment to him, Lat. Lives 96.11 . sénais in n-én lūamnech | conidnimbert inna lāim `and brought it into her hand,' Thes. ii 343.1 . ? Impers. const. batar imtholtanaig na mná imna heónu imdarubart fair `the birds that chanced to come there' (lit. ? `it had put them'), LU 3244 ( SCC 4 ).

(c) trans. and intrans. plays (a game), gambles, stakes: imbrid Medb ┐ Ailill fidchell, TBFr. 88. ni immer acht di giull, LU 10809. tucadh an fi[th]cill chucu ┐ do imridar hi, Ériu iii 162 § 17. imrobhrad nad escomhrad, Tec. Corm. p. 34 n. 8 . mairid in fit[h]cheall egair | d'imert[h]á 'san aird-lepaid, ML² 739. is gadaige in t-í immres, PH 7597. tabhair an taiplis don tigh | go faicmis amhail imrid, IGT Decl. ex. 607. Fig. toil Dé gin go ndearna mé | imreadh ar gcuid don chluiche, Aithd. D. 68 § 34. gach beart doirbh dhar hinnleadh air | soirbh do imreadh na haghaidh `he would meet it with serenity,' Arch. Hib. i 91 § xii . na dronga sin ... d'imir a bprionnsa ar chúntus airmdheoraidh, Ó Bruad. iii 114.2 . ní bhfuil aon ní agam a d'imeórainn acht mo chuid éadaigh, GJ iii 69.9 (Stair É. Uí Chléirigh). na dísleadha leur imredar na saighdeoireadha a eudach, Parrth. Anma 435.5 .

(d) uses, employs: bad fri cumtach necolso immabera `let it be for the edification of the church that he employs it' (of a gift or possession), Wb. 13a3 . huare as nolc imme-folngi do neuch forsanimberr `on whom it is used,' Ml. 142d1 . imberr fo dí amal sodain (of a word) `it is applied twice in that case,' Ml. 131a2 . ma doairli sale ind laim oc praind imberar usci leosom `if a spittle falls on a man's hand at meals their use is to pour water thereupon,' Mon. Tall. 142.15 . imbérat a mblichtach do feólaib hi [n]gaimred they will use their milch-cows for meat, LU 5614. a ndliges in flaith ... de biadh is ruidles do cia inaroibre (leg. ima-roibre, Bürgschaft p. 6 ) fadeisin in tan sin, ZCP xiii 20.4 . conaimeas na ro-dilse seo do cach recht imdabera `who may use them,' Laws v 490.12 . .i. ro beres iat, 492.z Comm. a seóid is a h-ilmaine | do iméradh gan fhuirech he would make use of her treasure and wealth without hesitation, Celt. Rev. iv 104.z . cid cīall ┐ erlabra imabera `if it is reason and eloquence he practises' (of an abstract quality), Ériu i 114 § 3. rí imreas ceart mar a neart, Content. vi 242.

(e) plies, handles, wields, uses; works in (of a metal) : is dian immamberat a cossa oc ind figi `they ply their feet swiftly in the weaving,' Ml. 111b17 . ro-immir a chorp co ndernai tri chét slechtain conid rala hi tasse, LL 282a15 . nech immaber biail i ndomnach `whosoever plies axe,' Ériu ii 206 § 27. slán don tí imres in tsuist, Laws iii 220.26 Comm. cerda .i. imrid in t-or, v 90.25 Comm.

(f) practises, exercises, inflicts, performs (folld. by noun obj. and usually by FOR (AR) of person affected, generally in an unfavourable way, by the action): imrubairt a chumachta foir, Corm. Y 446. ind altoir fiugor ind ingrimme immaberr `of the persecution which is inflicted,' Thes. ii 252.2 . imbirseo féin do gním gascid ... forsna sluagu, LU 6378. nobīad a chend de ... acht imrobrethsom a chumaing forsin slōg, TBC-I¹ 2942. nocon imberasam for Ultu a clessin doriisi, 652 . is dóig immērthai ceilg fon cruth sin, 1402 . cip é imress (v.l. imeoras) mela ... fort, TBC-LL¹ 46. ra immir in Findbennach Ái meirbflech a astair ... bar in Dond Cualngi, 6151 . mas é in fechem toicheda ro imer taitus forru `who practised theft on them,' Laws ii 6.10 . mad cen [fis] ina brathri immabera dichmairc `if he commit the theft without the brethren's [knowledge],' Ériu vii 148.7 . ro imbir fair dano cach ada aili ba dir do imbirt for tarb idparta, CCath. 959. ro himred fír n-indligid form, MacCongl. 25.1 . is for F. tra ro imriset na trí Colla in fingail, LL 332c13 . co n-imérat gairdi thsāegail fort `I shall shorten thy life,' Fianaig. 82.20 . in fer ro imir in cned, Laws i 228.14 Comm. fornaib coic cathrachuib fora n-immerar a mmuir teneth co brath `on which the sea of fire is inflicted for ever,' Ériu ii 140 § 142. ot concatar ... in n-anflathius do himred for Mumain, Cog. 58.13 . a mheas gurab mar smachtughadh imreas Dia na dochair sin air, TSh. 8204. na míorbhaile do imir Dia ar Pharao `had wrought against,' Keat. ii 261. óig ar ar himreadh mídhíach `warriors on whom misfortune has been inflicted,' Studies 1919, 256 § 5 . don tí ar a n-iméar m'aoir, DDána 95 § 20.

i.¤ láim for practises violence on: ni himmer mo laim ... | form' ḟuil nach form' ḟeoil fodein, SR 1541. Lugaid ... ┐ Ligerne ... ro imbriset láma for Art, LL 24a17 .

i.¤ feirg (etc.) for vents anger on: nad bad fornn nimbrae do borann, TBC-I¹ 3560. na himbeir luinni co lén | for muimmi mac n-Israhél, SR 6971. ro imir a ḟerg ar Lúaighni Temrach, Fianaig. 90.31 . imir do bharainn fair, BNnÉ 300 § 4.

i.¤ bás, (or aided) for puts to death: ba dóigh leis noimbertais bas ... fair, D IV 2, 73va15 . imbir bás form im' chintaib, Todd Lect. iii 62.11 . da cluined in t-iarla in t-uirigill-sin ... roimeorudh bás ort, ZCP vi 27.12 . an bás roimris-si for mo dhalta-sa, BS § 9 . go n-imeoraidís na hIodhail bás air, Keat. ii 3176. día ndernadh in gním rofhuapair ... no himbertha oighedh easanorach fair, ZCP iv 383.14 .

Used absol. in impers. const. without noun obj., uses violence on, inflicts punishment: ind lám des ... imo-robrad (? leg. imm-robrad, Ed.) for suidiu `as to the right hand a weapon had been used on it,' BDD² 1530. imrubairt ar mo shéitchi, PRIA xix 542 § 12 ( LL 146b25 ). mar iméorthar anocht oram `compared with what will be inflicted on me this night,' BNnÉ 66 § 101.

(g) Used intrans. with FOR, works on, affects prejudicially: ro imir a n-ítu forro sum `their thirst wrought on them,' CCath. 2504. cor imir in a[n]bthine for longaibh Cesair `the storm wrought damage to C.'s ships,' 179 . r[os]n-imbir cid iter in n-uathgrain cetna for graigibh `the same horror worked on,' 3126 .

(h) brings into play; causes: it é fodlai flatha doru[i]rmisem im[m]aberat fuillechtai flaithemnasa a somoínib set `these are the divisions of lordship we have enumerated which bring into play (lit. move) the divisions of nobility according to (the varying) revenues from their property,' Críth G. 490 (see p. 36 n. ). uch a ionnmais bhréccaigh baín | uch is plaígh ro-imres féin `ach, Plage hast du bewirkt,' ZCP x 416.2 . imbeiredh buaidh cen baegla `he used to effect victory without ambushes,' Leb. Gab.(i) 98.9 .

(i) Used reflexively, moves oneself about, throws oneself on (for): co n-da n-imbir do chride it chliab immar ubull i fabull `so dass sich dein Herz in deiner Brust herumbewegt,' TBC-LL¹ 4385. non imrend im rennaib na n-arm, 1284 . is andsin imidrubart forsin sluag `then he hurled himself upon the host,' Ériu v 240.148 . immusrubartatar forsna sluagaib coro thrascratar ilcheta díb, RC xiii 458.1 . notimber frisin maith-sin `excercise yourself on that good,' ZCP vi 265 § 17. do imir ... co míleata hé ... ar a mór-naimdib `he disported himself manfully on his great enemies,' Caithr. Thoirdh. 116.4 .

tarsna

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tarsna or dil.ie/40161
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: —ae, tarsno, tarsno, forstarsnu, tarsnu, tarsnu, tarsnu, tarsna

n [? —ae io, n.] n s. a tarsno , Thes. ii 255.7 . d s. ond tarsno , 8 . forstarsnu, LU 5810 . tarsnu, 10138 .

I

(a) the cross-beam of a cross: a tarsno for laim cli do sacardaib ... ani ond tarsno sís do anchortib, Thes. ii 255.7 , 8 . ocht cubaitt ar fatt annsa croich ┐ tri cubaitt co leith ina tarrsna, Maund. 13 (perh. to (b)).

(b) width, breadth (as opp. to fot length): tarrsna boisi ina lethet (a bridge), Aisl. Tond. 126.9 . trī lēigi amāin t.¤ ┐ leithet an locha `the lake is only three leagues in width,' Fl. Earls 92.5 . téad ... ré tomhas chathrach Jerusalem ar fad ┐ ar t.¤ , TSh. 723 . a t.¤ ó Shliabh Eichtghe go Sliabh Eibhlinne (of Tuadhmhumha), Keat. i 126.80 .

II In adverbial expressions.

(a) d s. tarsnu (later tarsna) across, from side to side, diametrically: ni triit tarsnu toimsideir it is not measured in diameter (of the earth), SR 172 . Cf. Laws i 28.26 . tarsnu on dorus di arailiu, LU 10138 . act nib tarrsna do fuarcartur enech i neinech `provided he does not cross-strike the person threshing face to face opposite him,' Laws iii 220.y Comm. fiar is tarnsna théid mo long `tack and tack my vessel beats,' O'Gr. Cat. 336.8. siobhal an fhearainn t.¤ (of evasive arguing), Luc. Fid. 286.1 .

(b) Hence as quasi-adj. crosswise, oblique, crooked: an crann t.¤ a-tá ar an gcrois, DDána 23.17 . má rugas chéim th.¤ thoruibh if I avoided Thee by deviating from it (the true path), 25a.24 . guais bheith dod threabhadh t.¤ , Content. xiv 2 . slighe tarrsna, Dán Dé xxii 13.

(c) In phrase for tarsnu (later fo tharsnu, —a)=(a): colluid triana chend forstarsnu, LU 5810 (= fortharrsu, TBC-I¹ 1338 ). co mboí faén for tarsnu isind áth ina ligu, LU 6199 . bōthar, talla dā boin fair .i. alanāi for fot, alaile fortarsnae, Corm. Y 1082 . roarsetar an innsi fo tharsnu arantia hanc insulam , Lat. Lives 79.z . ro badh faóinbhél foth.¤ ro hiomcradh ara eoch é, AFM v 1778.11 .

(d) With foll. prep. and noun (cf. III (b)): cor bo chross tall t.¤ triana chlíab (of a spear), IT iii 480.243 . con tigeth gai D. t.¤ ind, YBL 172a32 . nobid ... crand t.¤ tarsin tech, ZCP vii 300.9 . tarrsna os cinn urlair in tseomra, vi 297.5 .

III In prepositional expressions.

(a) d s. tarsnu (later tarsna) across, over (with foll. gen.): a dá malaig ... tarrsnu a gnúisi, BDD² 853 . lan bel in demes t.¤ ind aisle itir tiget ┐ lethet, Laws i 132.24 Comm. tarrsna in tiri uile, CCath. 3426 . fiarth.¤ na lurgan ar aicmi muini ... ceartth.¤ ar aicme ailme `athwart the shinbone ... straight across,' Auraic. 5783 . t.¤ an achaidh, TD 4.7 . ? Here also: lenfetar in da tailcend techt Taige tarrsnae crainn, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 51.1 . lotar īar tain dar fid tarrsnæ 'they then cut across a wood', BDC 108.64 ​.

(b) With following prep. governing dat. (cf. II (d)): muir ┐ mor-ghaoth tarrsna re taobuibh trenlong, ML² 699 . bréid ciartha t.¤ ar a shúilibh `over his eyes,' Keat. iii 1356 . Cf. tucad dóib ... in mucc ┐ cethorcha dam dia tarsnu `across her,' Sc.M² 7.1 .

Mod. Ir. treasna. Cf. ceithre croinn trasna ar a thóin, TD 279 (poem 44 v.9) . trasna tar a ttáinig, 23 M 25, 89.10 .

2 torc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 torc or dil.ie/41452

n heart (in B. na f.; also explained as face): t.¤ .i. craide. Unde Etan ingen Dīancēcht dixit: i fondam mo thuirc .i. i fogluasacht mo chride, Corm. Y 1227 = ni fó indam dom mo thuircc .i. mo chridi im chliab co fil for crith, LL 179b28 . i fonnam mo thuirc .i. i fogluasact mh'eineich nó mh'aighthi. Tor[c] aghaidh mar sin, O'Dav. 848. t.¤ .i. eineach no aghaidh, O'Cl. t.¤ .i. enech nó aighe[d] nó cridhe, ut est i fonnamh mo thuirc .i. i fogluasacht mo cridhe, 1544 . `torc' craidhi coir, Metr. Gl. 34 § 23 . t.¤ nach slabhar um Aodh (.i. craidhe nach cumang), ZCP v 485 § 3 . gor clannsat a n-airm gacha lona ina t.¤ , ACL iii 311.7 .

tregtaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tregtaid or dil.ie/41736

Forms: tris-gata, trisgataim, trecatim, trisnagatat, drisrogat, tregat, tregtad, tregtae

O. Ir. tris-gata, later treated as simple verb, see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 301 , 536 , O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 168 f. pierces, transfixes, wounds: trisgataim gl. foro, Sg. 54a1 . trecatim, Thes. ii 42.21 . trisnagatat gl. configere, Ml. 75b9 . drisrogat gl. confodit, 86a6 . is in deniu aibritid tresngata na huile dúile súas coricci riched `traverses quicker than a wink of the eye all the elements up to heaven,' Mon. Tall. 162.37 . is de ata tresgata .i. t.¤ mac dligedh .i. naidm, O'Curry 56 ( H 3.18, 20 ). is fodb trescada cách an instrument which pierces everyone (of a warrior), TBC-LL¹ 5290 . fer fororggaib forggab for a chomlonn co tregda in fer tria scíath, Críth G. 555 . ro-treaghdsat na piasta in dara choduil inichtaracha `pierced through one of the two lower hides,' RC xiv 54.17 . amal tregdas anmain duine fōebur trīa corp, is amlaid tregdas rinn na fergai in anmain, ZCP iii 26.27 . nostregtais conart chalma `a bold pack of hounds used to rend it,' Metr. Dinds. iii 304.19 . co ro thregda a chridi na chliab , TBC-LL¹ 2307 . ratregdastar mar thregdas fodb omnaid he has pierced thee as an axe pierces an oak, 3790 . rod threaghdadabh amail a treghdas rodhb omna, p. 881 n. 1 . nom thregtaifet benna na n-aigi, 1342 . co treghdfad in tsleg trithi hī, Fianaig. 66.12 . ro treaghd mo chorp an gháoth ghlan, BS 118.22 . co rotregdastair a craideada, TTebe 2782 . teidhm as tinne do threaghd mé, DDána 73.45 . beag thrá nár threaghd mo chroidhe, Measgra D. 50.9 . treaghdaidh mo chroidhe fearg do chur ort, Parrth. Anma 384.1 . gor' treigh lia a erball iád (brisidh, v.l.), Aisl. Tond. 109.18 .

Vn. tregat, tregtad, part. tregtae.

1 uch, och, ach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 uch, och, ach or dil.ie/42858
Last Revised: 2019

interj I An exclamation generally denoting woe ah! alas!: uch mo chliab a nóibingen, Thes. ii xxii ( Sg. 211a marg. inf.). isse amor eca .i. uch ach, Thes. ii 352.24 ( Hy. vi 12 ). uch uch is manúar | na bretha co sáeb | na hetha na súan, LU 9972 . iachtad cech mairb .i. ach, LL 188a18 . uch, marbh Cusantin íartain, BNnÉ 303 § 13 . ach a luin is buide duit | cáit sa muine a fhuil do net, LB 36 (marg. sup.) ach achón. am toirsech mo nuar, ib. 86 (marg. inf.). uch, uch, ... mairg dam-sa, PH 8256 . och, is truagh mise, TSh. 5940 . uch, is truagh, ib. 932 . uch do bhroid, Ir. Monthly, 1921, 158.6 .

II As subst. u, m. a lamentation, a sigh, a groan : aicill, uch oll (.i.) gul mor, O'Don. Suppl. (< H 3.18 p. 399 , O'Curry 894 ). conid de atá Ochaín forsin telaig .i. och caíni, LU 4098 . ionann fós uch is osna, Keat. ii 2867 . n s. ní raibhi ann-sin guth ná glór | is-tigh acht uch is ochón, Ériu iv 118 § 29 . airm i mbia doib uch ┐ mairc (of hell), PH 4312 . do chuaid[h] mo chiall is mo chruth | co nach marann díom acht m'uch, SG 187.34 . iomdha gáir inghine is och | láimh re Finnline (leg. finnLine ?) as feasach, L. Cl. A. B. 143.131 . och ós árd ... | ... | ... is och ós íseal | ..., Hackett xxxix 313 - 5 . an t-och tré radaid mo dhearca-sa deora, O'Rah. xxii 206 . uch buan do lucht cuarda Éireann, | leagadh an leogain chródha i gcré-chluith !, xiv 11 . uch dubhach ! is uch lom is léanadh ! | uch croidhe tu sínte tréithlag !, xiv 2-3 . a s. mór mban dagena uch ach | i ndegaid na ro-uallach, TFerbe 617 . ni hopair laech na ndéni, | uchfad uch is ecáini, ib. 645 . ó theasda mh'ana éisd mh'uch | a chara éisd rem éagnach, Ir. Monthly 1920, 54.25 . ro bo mé in Cailte co cruth | sochaide dá tucus uch, Acall. 3614 . g s. hEriu idhnach iath n-ucha, BB 36b53 . ? d s. atú-sa sund i n-ach 'I am here in sorrow', TBC-LL² 2074 . g p. a ainm Mag Tendais na n-uch | co n-imad guth ocus gár, Metr. Dinds. iv 262.63 . ba cleithi ach don Erind bas meic Erca ann, Dinds. 114 . i ndíbhfheirge na n-och atáim `an outlaw sad,' Ó Bruad. i 4z . mōr cor mōr pudhar mōr n-uch (: tuluch), Acall. 4746 . is biaidh ... milleón mílte | do thulcadhaibh och millions ... of lamentations on the hills, Hackett xxxix 315 .