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cách

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cách or dil.ie/7529
Last Revised: 2019

 

pron. the one, each, everyone, all, etc. gen. cáich, later also cáig ( chách, Párl. na mB. 985 , 1038 v.l.). IGT Decl. § 64 . Takes sg. vb., in later lang. either sg. or pl. (see PH 1053 , 1426 , DDána, Aithd. D.). As antecedent of rel. clause often with prec. art. in. Note also: cith anidan ind c.¤ `though all (who bring it) be impure', Mon. Tall. 160.2 . don c[h]ach sin to each of those(?), Laws iv 196.22 Comm. Unstressed form cach (separate entry). See GOI 310 - 11 ; O'Brien, Ir. Hist. Stud. i 351 .

(a) In general sense (the) one, each one, everyone, all, all others, the rest : do Duaid sech c.¤ , Ml. 36c11 . diglae for cach, 37c21 . hua ch.¤ , 56b45 . dibochtai chaich, 61a9 . dulogaid do ch.¤ `ye forgive everyone', 65a10 . it huaisliu c.¤ gl. transcendis, 108d2 . dénum maith fri c.¤ gl. operemur bonum ad omnes, Wb. 20c17 . precept do c.¤ gl. Grecis et Barbaris, sapientibus et insipientibus debitor sum, 1b8 . a n-imdibe adchi c.¤ , 2a2 . doberat maldact in for c.¤ , 2a23 . is dílmain la c.¤ ar n-orcun-ni, 4b23 . is sain dán cáich, 5d5 . nertad ch.¤ `let him encourage everyone', 5d11 . a n-as maith la c.¤ dénad gl. unusquisque, 6b18 . taiccéra c.¤ dará chen fessin gl. unusquisque nostrum, 6b28 . ícce caích tri iriss gl. dies salutis, 15d24 . ni fiad ch.¤ gl. seorsum his . . . , 18d8 . i taig ríg amal . . . i taig cáich, gl. in ceteris omnibus, 23b9 . condid diib ro gab c.¤ deissemrecht gl. omnibus credentibus, 24c14 . nad soiriu cach `is not nobler than anyone (else)', Sg. 161b10 . cáich auuair `every man's in turn', Thes. ii 235.15 . is cāich a hūair a n-āros so, ZCP viii 312.3 . sluind dó ri cāch brēthir, beir dó ri cāch brēthir, xi 80.22 . ma fri cinta caich fadesin gabur athgabail `of the person himself', Laws ii 100.8 . amra! amra! ol c.¤ they all said, TBFr. 290 . lí súla cáich, LU 8319 ( FB 23 ). ropo thír cāich ala n-úair it belonged to others, Hail Brigit 2 . i ndíaid cāich after everyone else, BColm. 94.28 . nach síoth broide cheanglaid c.¤ , DDána 3.9 . mór do ch.¤ do chuaidh, PBocht 5.41 `much of the world', notes. c.¤ `thy foes', Aithd. D. 20.23 . nachar scríobh neach oile do c.¤ `none of the others', Keat. iii 441 . gibē ele do ch.¤ `of the rest', RSClára 134b . ní fiú éin-ní c.¤ = nihil prosunt caetera, TSh. 9402 . fear mar chach an ordinary man, Luc. Fid. 5060 , Dánta Gr. 34.24 . fonn . . . a cc.¤ eile dhá mholadh to be fond of being praised by others, Desid. 765 . arnach dechsad fo cāch inro triallsat `that it might not get about', Grail 3356 . luid L. dano cumma cháich with the rest, Fing. R. 339 . a ccumma chaigh, Hugh Roe² 10.9 .

(b) In sequence cách . . . alaile the one . . . the other, one another, each other : c.¤ fri alaile gl. inuicem, Wb. 1c1 ; 5d15 , 21d12 , 22b9 . is ball c.¤ dialailiu gl. alter altirius, 5d4 . con rochra c.¤ alaile gl. in alterutrum, 6d1 . forcanad c.¤ alaile gl. loquentes uobismet ipsís in salmis, 22c8 . ó ch.¤ dialailiu, Críth G. 9 . cotnerig cach díb diaraili rose up against each other (of three warriors), LU 8993 ( FB 74 ). With céile: natiubrad c.¤ a chéle gl. inuicem, Wb. 9d20 . celebrais c.¤ dia-cheile díb, RC iii 180.5 .

(c) With follg. prep. DI, ó in partitive sense: ní tucai c.¤ dib belrae alaili gl. nulla gens, Ml. 42c7 . cach díb i ndiad alaili gl. ut semen eius continua successione regnaret, 42b5 . c.¤ díob, Mon. Tall. 132.14 . c.¤ úaib contra alium gl. inuicem, Wb. 25a34 . tuitfidh c.¤ uaibh you will all fall, DDána 10.2 . See cach I (d).

(d) With follg. emphasizing word: cach uile, LB 132b11 . re cach etir `with the rest', Cog. 168.13 . do fen . . . ┐ do chach archena, TTebe 1500 .

(e) With follg. rel. clause he (who) (see O'Brien, loc. cit., Bergin, OIPG 208 ) everyone (who), all (who) (the sg. and distributive senses cannot in all cases be distinguished with certainty): aineclann cháich as a aí of the owner (of a mill), Críth G. 240 . bennacht for cach ó tuctha on him who has given it, Vita Br. 27 . bennacht . . . for cach donancamar, Anecd. i 11.19 ( SCano 350 ). ba calma cach isa cend `valorous was he', Ériu v 244.205 . c.¤ thanic and (in cách, v.l.) he who is there, TBC-LL¹ 5290 . In sense of everyone, all : ó ch.¤ nád fil and gl. quicunque sunt fratres, Wb. 24b30 . sech c.¤ fodglein olchene `beyond all others who learn it', Ml. 37b12 . c.¤ rodgab `every one who has sung it', Thes. ii 349.8 (Hy. ii). do-bebae do-beba . . . cāch boī cāch bias, ZCP xi 85 § 37 . mairg c.¤ roda-ortsom, Fél. Prol. 57 .

(f) With preceding article in singular sense: ni thucci in c.¤ rod chluinethar he that hears it, Wb. 12c46 (see OIPG 208 ). in cāch dosfuc do bethu, Thes. ii 316.4 (Hy. ii). menmain (accus.) iond caich dia n-aisnedtar, Mon. Tall. 127.19 . in cach ferus na fuili he who inflicts, BCrólige 58 n.1 . cosin c.¤ no charim. Fél. Ep. 50 . fo bíth . . . in cháich o tudchad, LU 3431 ( SCC 20 ). mo-ngenar do'n chach do-s-gní, PH 8423 . gach cara . . . / loiteas an c.¤ nos carond `who injures his lover', O'Hara 1270 . croidheadha an cháich léghfeas, Desid. 120 . In sense of everyone, all : in c.¤ dobeir . . . frisin c.¤ diatabir `every one' (he who ?), Sg. 188a31 . in c.¤ gl. omnis . . . qui . . . , Ml. 43a1 . ní lat in c.¤ forsa mmitter, Wb. 6b22 everyone ? (perh. he who , Bergin, OIPG 208 ). tri hiris in cháich cretes, 2b11 . for in cach is rig `against every king', Laws iv 52.12 . dígde ind caich rocradis `to beseech pardon of everyone thou hast offended', Mon. Tall. 141.25 . Pl. sense seems intended in: is foirbthe in c.¤ diaro scribad et ni ecen acairigud ref. to omnibus sanctis, Wb. 23a10 . don chach frisambí immalde de aos sruith `in regard to such elderly people as live with him', Mon. Tall. 152.23 . ag díubhrugud in cháich boí annsa tor, Cóir Anm. 146 . So also: robtar foiltigh remibh an c.¤ baoi fora ccind, Hugh Roe² 50.9 .

(g) In phr. ar ch.¤ , a ch.¤ , sa ch.¤ in general, on the whole : truagh sa ch.¤ an comhorrtha `what a sad portent', O'Hara 1588 . ? aonrāith a gc.¤ do choigleas, Butler Poems 930 `of all dwellings the one I have chosen', Gloss. Usually with comparatives indicating successive increases in the quality denoted by the adj. (Engl. bigger and bigger, the bigger): trummu á peccad ar ch.¤ nachmod formberat `their sin is heavier and heavier as they increase', Ml. 71c1 . combat foirbthiu ar ch.¤ for ṅgnímae `more and more perfect', Wb. 13d29 . ní ba messu ar ch.¤ a ngné, Metr. Dinds. ii 22.56 . is ferr a chāch it is better than ever, Bruchst. i 62 § 141 . iss messa a cach ar cach ló, IT i 121.23 ( TE 7 Eg.). ní ba mó ach.¤ óṡeo immach ever greater, Metr. Dinds. iii 46.83 . ni bot scithæ acach at all, RC xii 82 § 80 . fuaire a ch.¤ a-taoi fám chionn ever colder. Dánta Gr. 86.8 . With omission in writing of unstressed a: iss assu 'ch.¤ lind, MacCongl. 103.18 . budh truime ch.¤ ar gcodladh, Dán Dé xvii 6 . núidhe ch.¤ , PBocht 1.38 . With sa: ní mo ní lugu sa chach hí it is neither bigger nor smaller, BB 262b19 . fa ferr sa c.¤ do bi sí an uair sin féin it grew better and better from that very time, ITS xvi 56.18 . teirce sa c.¤ mo charuid, KMMisc. 358.9 . móide sa c.¤ do chuntas, A. Ó Dálaigh xl 7 . nī lugha-sa-chāch nō `not less than', Fl. Earls 70.8 . ní lughaide-sa-chāch roimeglaighset `nevertheless', 30.31 .

? teccait āigid, fācboit ail, / saigit go glain nGāidil ngil / nocha chumai cāch is cách / dia ferta-sa an fāth, a fir, ZCP xii 292.10 .

parabail

Cite this: eDIL s.v. parabail or dil.ie/34187

 

n f. (Lat. parabola) a parable; a wise saying, aphorism : ní chluinethar cách úan parabuil ṁbind fri araile, LL 282a47 = parbuil bind, YBL 138a23 . is desin ro raid Eidemostens in par[b]huil n-aird, BB 488b44 . i parabail in tsoscela, PH 8054 . aigned .i. na teistemna no na parbuili, Laws v 2.12 Comm. (axiom, legal maxim?). In pl. the book of Proverbs (of Solomon): Parauule ┐ Ecclesiastes ┐ Cantaicc na Cantaicci, PH 3978 (of Solomon's writings). Paraule, 3980 . i Parablaib Solman, 3989 . is e in spirud sin ro fhoillsig na runi seo do Sholam . . . a Parbailib (.i. liubair), YBL 167a10 . Cf. 3 Reg. iv 32 (Vulg.) : locutus est quoque Salomon tria millia parabolas . See also paramail.

tanaide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tanaide or dil.ie/40013

 

adj io, iā (tana)

(a) subtle, abstract, of the spiritual as opposed to the corporeal: asin folud tanidiu, Wb. 9c10 . cosmailius inna rétae tanide, Ml. 15a2 . dochum ind folaid tanaidi inna anmae `to the subtle substance of the soul,' 22d9 . tiugdae ┐ t.¤ `of gross and subtle,' Sg. 27b10 . ní chluinethar in corp tiug trom in n-anmain n-aerda t.¤ , LL 278b18 .

(b) thin, slender . Of persons: a tanaidi taebgil Teamra, BB 299a44 . Of parts of the body: peoil deirg tanuighe, IT i 120.1 . folt ... is é slimth.¤ bar a étun, TBC-LL¹ 5246 . leicne tīrma t.¤ `cheeks withered and thin,' Ériu ii 56 § 10 . sron ... tanaidhe, CCath. 4025 . co traigthib tanaidib, TTebe 732 . nuaidhe an taobh 's is tanoidhe, Aithd. D. 37.13 . Of weapons: a chathcarpat ... cona faebraib tanaidib, LU 6480 (TBC). gae gorm t.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 5413 . Of urine (med.): fual ... t.¤ , Rosa Angl. 14.11 . huisín treglas tanuide a limpid (shallow ?) green pool, Ériu i 39 § 2.

2 tiug

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 tiug or dil.ie/40992

 

adj u

(a) thick, dense : binit .i. benait .i. benaid in n-as co mbí t.¤ .i. techt, Corm. Y 125 . nas .i. t.¤, naus graece, piger latine, ar is moille in loim t.¤ quam in loim tanae, O'Mulc. 827 . cúlmonga tiuga, BDD² 1274 . croicenn t.¤ uimpi, TTebe 3733 . smerdnide smir guala guirm | buale th.¤ tuirn tulcid ass, PRIA xix C 540 § 2 . for lochaib tiugaib téchtaigib, PH 8295 . a lind báin, tonn-maigrigh, thigh ` turgid ,' Ériu iv 224.7 . srotha móra tonngarbha tiugha teinntidhi, RC xxviii 310 § 6 . cor chuir in tonn t.¤ da treoir | ben Palaip maic Eremoin, Metr. Dinds. iii 434.35 . do-thaét in tond tuile tig | bāidis dia eis in n-ingin, iv 60.47 . an t-ár t.¤ ar chlainn Fheidhlimidh, ML 140.18 . cluiche in righ do beith co t.¤ , AU ii 512.10 . fan gcéibh dtigh ngéig-fhiarbhuig ngloin, DDána 91.37 . madh tiugh an tadhbur, Rosa Angl. 186.5 . in trat teidhfis an taer tiudh sin ` condensed ,' Ir. Astr. Tr. 148.13 .

(b) solid :chluinethar in corp t.¤ trom in n-anmain n-aerda, LL 275b18 . senchaide in talman tig, Ériu vii 228.5 . ar techt ar in talmhain tigh, IGT Decl. ex. 772 . ar talmuin tigh (: fuaidridh), ZCP xii 385.11 . is me an chré ['n-a] talmhain tigh, DDána 42.17 .

Equative ba tigither fál fidbaide, Alex. 739 . Compar. as tigiu .i. as methiu gl. crassioris, Ml. 20b1 . innus nar tigi cith cloichsnechta ... inaid clocha na caemtalman, Stair Erc. 1550 . is tighi in fual, Rosa Angl. 270.7 . an cainnleoir práis is tighe ... dá bhfuil ann, TSh. 5049.

As subst.

(a) thick part (cf. 1 tana): o thana [a] thaib co t.¤ a oxaille, TBC-LL¹ 2562 . co ngeib ar t.¤ a bán-ṡliasat co cumtuch a chuirp, LL 189a53 . itir a t.¤ ocus a tana, ZCP xiv 351.13 . re taca ocus re t.¤ na talman, MR 284.25 .

(b) density, press, crowd : ruc tiubh an tsluaigh air, AU iii 40.19 . i t.¤ int shluaig, TTebe 3298 . mara róibhi tiugh na nIubhal, Fier. § 215 . do tanuigheadh tiogh an tsluaigh, DDána 85.22 . tangadur tiugh na Féinde eturru, Acall. 6724 . t.¤ ... in airlig, MR 240.13 . co ro tanaighedh a tiugh co ro h-uirbhernaigh a n-uasail, AFM vi 2072.8 . go ttothacht ┐ go ttiugh a shloigh, 2100.7 . tánic Iarla Urmhumhan go [d]tiugh sluaigh go B[oile] Áth Truim, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 47.29 .

Compds. ¤ár heavy slaughter : slaidfid for slúagu slana | fo chiuchra for tiugára, LU 4582 (TBC). dorad tiughāra mōra foraib, ZCP xiv 263.9 . go rabhadar tiughára mora ar na Gailianaibh, CRR² 44 . ¤ár-dáil meeting of heavy slaughter: ra-chommoratar in tigardail i cend Conaill, CRR § 46 . ¤bainne thick milk: croinntile .i. tiughbainne, O'Dav. 571. ¤déantach closely wrought: go tirim tiuigh-dhéantach, Studies 1923, 598 § 11 . ¤formnach thick-shouldered: tarb torachta tiugformnach, CCath. 955 . la cúl tuaighe truime tiughfhormnaidhe, AFM v 1818.14 . ¤fhuar frozen: linnte tiughfhúara téachtaighthe, ML 130.14 . ¤gáill thick jaw?: a meic dūir daill iffirnn, a thicāill (: gipāin, Britāin), Bruchst. i 28 § 63 . ¤lagin pottage: doberar seland dóib hi tiuglagin nó for arán, Mon. Tall. 146.z . dogeni fadesin ind tiuglaigin allae sin, 147.6 . ¤lind turgid lake: is fatha trúag in tiug-lind, Metr. Dinds. iii 346.100 . ó 'tbath Rí co ngestul grinn | fo thescul is fo thiug-lind, 458.104 . maidm Locha Rí, dar cach rind | ba tairm tacha, ba tiugh-lind, 108 . ¤nár strong and modest?: mac Tuathail techtmhair tiúgnair, BB 231a47 = Keat. iii 110.8 .