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at-beb-

Cite this: eDIL s.v. at-beb- or dil.ie/4578
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: itbebsa, atbéba, atbeuha, atbeuba, adbeba, atambebai, arambeba, arambebais, arambebai, bebaid, ardombeba, arbebat, arambebad, arambebat, arambebat, ara mbebad, atbeb, adbeba, arid ṁbebsat, atraebatar, roeb[d]adar

v redupl. stem of fut. and pret. will die, died. Perh., as suggested Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 458 , simply forms of baïd with at- from at-baill. Somet. also with ar-. Fut. 1 s. itbebsa coluath, Rawl. 130b29 (atbelsa LL). 3 s. atbéba fer cach ae léo, LU 7646 . is ann atbeuha (atbela v.l.) ind rii, ZCP iii 465.6 . atbeuba ēcc, 466 § 37 ( atbeba, ZCP xx 227 § 37 ). adbeba (arbeba, arbeaba v.ll.) cach a chói (cae v.l.) .i. epelaid o chach a choe gaimraid `his coshering will die for everyone', RC xxvi 38 § 200 and Binchy, Féil. Mhic Néill p. 20 . atambebai ecomlund, LL 14232 . intan sóifes clár fri clé / arambeba Fīnachtæ, ZCP xii 234 § 47 . in mairt a Lifi arambebais (? leg. arambebai) an rīgnía, iii 462.7 = mairt hi Liphimaig ara-thá / bebaid and in rignía, xx 223 § 14 . is bas ardombeba , RC xxiv 282.22 ; 'she has died' (a figura etymologica) Celtica xiii 25 . 3 pl. arbebat (arbebait, arbebhait v.ll.) bí ba[n]messu (banmessa, banmesa v.ll.) .i. epelait na h-eneclanna on a beoaib iar firmeissemnacht, RC xxvi 36 § 175 . arambebad sīabrai (arambebat ilsiabrai v.l.), ZCP iii 461.24 . cath i nEochind da ríí / arambebat tigernai, xii 232.z. ? Condit. 3 s. cichseo . . . céim rigairech don chath ara mbebad airdde die mór Maige Murthemne, LL 13833 .

Pret. 3 s. atbeb iar suidhiu ┐ focresa a fert, Dinds. 94 ( RC xvi 45 ). adbeba, Metr. Dinds. iii 58.47 . 3 pl. ros ṁbí Eraind, arid ṁbebsat bás. LL 14238 . With perfective ro-: na feranna dia fognaitis dofallsat na saerclanna uaib ┐ atraebatar som ┐ forbrisetar na saerclanna foraib, BB 255a30 = ┐ trebdadar, Lec. 185vb11 . Cf. docechnatar drai[d] Erenn for Galeonu co roeb[d]adar uile, Dinds. 9 ( RC xv 300 ). Cf. for-beba, at-baill, atbai.

cáe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cáe or dil.ie/7569

 

Forms: caí, coí, cue, cua, caí, coí, cuí, cua, cúadh, cæiti, cæthi

n later also caí, coí. f. g s. cue, cua, Críth G. 237 and v.l. a d s. (in early texts) caí, coí, cuí see infra. Later also cua, ZCP iii 378.13 . g s. cúadh, H 3.18, 649b34 . n p. cæiti, TTebe 1749 , a p. cæthi, 2365 (see Gloss.).

(a) Name of a social institution according to which a member of the noble grades had the right to bring a party with him on a night's coshering visit to each of his servile clients. The number of his party was in direct ratio to the number of his clients. The season of coshering visits was between New Year's Day and Shrovetide, hence phr. aimser chue frequ. glossed geimred. See Binchy, Féil. Mhic Néill 18 ff. and Críth G. p. 81 . dí loairgg direna(i)tar séot mad ráithiu chue (chua, v.l.) leth íarm(o)ithá if it be in the coshering season (i.e. winter), Críth G. 237 . fri lesa fri cui dorōnad (a road), Corm. Y 1082 . iní do berar itir da chae 'na foiridhin .i. itir callainn ┐ init, O'D. 520 ( H 3.17, 423 ). adbeba (arbeba, v.l.) cach a choí (a gcae geimridh, v.l.) .i. epelaid o chach a choe gaimraid .i. a chuaird gemrid for a doercheli .i. for a doérbiatachu each one will lose his coshering season, RC xxvi 38 § 200 and note. co tarta . . . .iiii. sect cumel dō nādnaurthet rath nā cuí, ZCP viii 316.23 . cartad raite . . . .i. i n-aimsir cua . . . .i. an aimsir cuae no aimsir coctha, Laws i 128.7 Comm. denum slige .i. i n-aimsir cua, 158.27 Comm. caithge raite . . . .i. an aimsir cua ┐ aenaigh, iv 144.24 Comm. i n-aimsir chuadh . . . .i. gemred, H 3.18, 649b34 . dámh cháe (compd.) na ngradh filleadh so sios (title of a tract), Ériu xiii 51.27 . In concrete sense of the food provided: creic aige carrnu ina tech curuice forcruid cuad, Laws v 284.y `the purchase of joints of meat for his house up to (= excluding) an excessive amount for a coshering feast i.e. he may purchase sufficient meat to enable him to entertain his lord and party when they come to his house on a coshering party but no more', Féil. Mhic Néill 21 . tinol cua (tinol cue .i. bid, v.l.), Stud. in E. Ir. Law 23.5 `collection of food for a coshering', Féil. Mhic Néill 21 . cai .i. fleadh, H 3.18, 211.18 . cuádh .i. feóil ┐ deismirecht air: muc co n-úir .i. i n-aimsir chúadh, 649b33 . ? taccad .i. tī-cāid . . . .i. ar tī chūad atā, Corm. Y 1250 . cuadh .i. coga[d], ut est ni tard biadh i (a, v.l.) cuad do, O'Dav. 578 ( tharda, Ériu xiii 81 § 281 ). Prob. also digeni ierum cai (cauin, v.l.) (.i. fritailim) in righ, ZCP iii 243.14 . In B. na f.: saoghlonn rosmacht cai (.i. fleadh) na trūagh, ZCP v 486 § 8 . līth do pauper ┐ cai (.i. fled), § 7 . seathnach ētig is tearc cūadh (.i. feoil), 484 § 6 ( cua, iii 378.13 ).

Frequ. in phrase for (ar) coí on a coshering visit : aire désa . . . deich lánamna[i] a chórus for coí (cae, cuí, v.ll.) ó challainn co hinit, Críth G. 335 . trícha lánamna[e] a chórus for coí o challainn co hinit ar is a lín bíata bís lín for coí, 400 `the number on `c.¤' is according to the number of persons paying food-rent', Féil. Mhic Néill 20 . aimsir chūa (chue v.l., Corm. Bodl. 38 ), aimsir chochtae . . . it hē achuis ar a nglanaiter .i. arnā hēilnet a cairpthiu oc dul for cāi that they may not soil their chariots going on a coshering visit (of roads), Corm. Y 1082 . dámha for cáe so síos (title of a tract), Ériu xiii 51.7 . cach aire dis dib .xvi. aire for cui dib, Irish Texts i 19 § 4 . ni uil aireamh daimhe for cae do rigaibh, O'Curry 1853 ( 23 Q 6, 51b ) `there is no limit to a king's suite on a coshering', Féil. Mhic Néill 20 note 5 . for fecht feili, for cai cuir., Auraic. 2221 . ochtur for caei, 2225 . coicer cae, cethrar gnathless, 2238 . Fig. scuchais in fer cerdda ar cāe / . . . / riasin aīgid co rath Dé died(?), Corp. Gen. 317.12 .

(b) way, path (orig. meaning?): cāi .i. conair, Corm. Y 364 . LU 568 (ACC Comm.). conar .i. cen fēr. nó coi en-fir, O'Mulc. 239 . cae .i. conair, Lec. Gl. 223 . cái .i. conair, Metr. Gl. 3.14 . cai no caoi .i. slighe no conair, O'Cl. ar na faghbaidís . . . cai na conair éludha docum in mara, CCath. 1380 . nir lensat cái na conair, Mer. Uil. 207 . 'na rói-rith gidh leonuighthe a céim 'san chaoi, Keat. Poems 119 . for (ar) c.¤ on the road, on a journey: gilidir a chness ra hael / ar óen co tiagmais ar cae may we travel together, LL 6394 ( MS. Mat. 480 ). im Báre im Raibne ro baí / tri .c. allmarach ar caí, 28694 . canmais dord ar ndul ar cae, Manners and Customs iii 378.z . ar cae uar conairi ac techt in turisa `on the course of your way', TTebe 2181 . conrecat for óenchái (enchoi, oenchói, aenchae, v.ll.) together, Fél. June 10 . ni rucfaider ind imirgi se for óenchoí, LU 5395 (TBC). cia beit fir Érenn occa décsin for oenchoí, Airne F. 173 . for óenchoí ind iatha gl. for unce n-etha, LL 24547 ( RC xxvi 28 ).

(c) way, manner, course, means : coí hi fil in tríchoit cét isin tig, ní ermadair nech díb a suidi the way the `t.c.¤' are in the house, BDD² 1375 . cen choe astuda a tét, RC xx 164 § 20 (ACC. Gloss on crot cen cheis), cf. dia mba coi astuda no dia mbo gae ḟostuda, 176 § 41 (ib. Gloss on dia mba goiste). cae da danic chuici int [s]leg, TTebe 3297 . iar cae coir, Laws i 212.20 Comm. ii 214.16 Comm. in cae is coitechta do, iv 128.20 Comm. dorala ... ar cáe (cai, v.l.) meraigthi, TTebe 4650 . a hoenbennach for cai gnáith, LL 16200 ( for coe, Rawl. 77b40 ). ní lánléir aithnim an marbh a caoi dhuine, Hackett² xviii 7 . bail no caoi chneasta do chor ar éin-ní, TSh. 5118 . tiaghair ar chaoi chairdeasa, DDána 97.16 . créd an cháoi . . . arar thriall a ccláoi in what manner? RSClára 142 § 2 . creud é an chaoi no an tordughadh air ar cóir ... do dheunadh?, Donlevy 470.3 . ro chuir ... an cluithche . . . a g-caoi nach raibh ... acht aon bheart `so played the game ... that he had but one move', Oss. iii 144.10 . an tráth nach fúaradar cáoi ar a thabhairt asdeach, Luke v 19 . mo chaoise ó dhá thaoibh nó a trí / re Muire `I can approach Mary on several counts', Aithd. D. 100.9 . ar dtoil do tháth re toil nDé / ... a chaoi (of Christ's teaching), DDána 3.1 . dena mo comurle ... ┐ rod fōire um an caí sin a fuile question, problem (?) (caingin, v.l.), Grail 3190 .

(d) Also expld. in glossaries as house : cāi .i. tech . . unde dicitur cerdcha .i. tech cerda, Corm. Y 365 . cadan . . . .i. cāe a dūn nō a inad .i. adbai, 334 . ulchai .i. cāi (.i. tech) na hōili hī .i. tech, 1284 . ? cuithe ... i. cūa ┐ tē ut dicitur cūad cōi fid .i. fid cūa co cāe fās and, 338 . c.¤ is dáe ... da ainm tighe a mbia daoine, Metr. Gl. 30 § 54 . cai no ca .i. teach.¤ Dearbhadh airsin mar a deirthear creascha ris an teagh ina raibhe Muire oidhche gheine Iosa, O'Cl. sencas .i. sen cae fis na sen, tech fis na sen . . . ┐ deismirecht [ar] an ni is cae tech:— cer[d]chai, muillend etc., Laws i 32.10 Comm. engach sa caoi a mbíd mna (B. na f.) `in a house where women are', ZCP iii 378.10 (' san ca (.i. 'sa teaghd[h]ais), v 483 § 4 ). Cf. airchae, cerdchae, crescae, 2 lusca.

? seana-bho riabhach . . . nachar muchadh a ccae na a slugaire . . . `in bog hole', ITS xxx 16.24 . See Gloss.

cesacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cesacht or dil.ie/8821

 

Forms: -aicht, -achta

m., IGT Decl. § 25 (g s. and n pl. -aicht, -achta). Verbs §§ 71 , 78 . vn. of 1 ceisid, GOI § 732 .

(a) scarcity; grudging, niggardliness; complaint, murmuring : līnfaid cessacht for (= bar) cuile `scarcity shall fill your storehouses', Cáin Ad. 27 . duthracht cen cessacht `without grudging', Wb. 16c1 . nī thésid for c.¤ nō gūa do A. `niggardliness or falsehood', Cáin Ad. 27 . fuil tri ni / na dlegair do bocht Dé bí / dimmda da bethaid cipe / c.¤ ┐ áibele, Lib. Hymn. i 83.z . nách ní beres c.¤ de `everything which is begrudged', RC ix 482.z (ICM, LU 1760 ). Cf. ? ní fo cossail c.¤ glegrach, Anecd. i 59 § 73 (corresponding verse passage). cen chói, cen chessacht lessa (lesse, leisi, v.ll.), Ériu iii 96 § 5 (`without wailing after prosperity'). sóifid rodíbi ┐ rodochell ┐ roches- sacht i córaidi .i. i mbrugaidib cen chathim cen tidnacul, LL 24793 (cf. RC xxvi 42 § 219 ). Reckoned among the 15 tokens of a bad woman, ZCP viii 113.22 . c.¤ gl. parvispendia, Ir. Gl. 280 . c.¤ cach bī ar beathaidh (in a prophecy of evil to come), ACL iii 241 § 12 . do-gní c.¤ ar (= for) complains about: gach ní ara ndentar c.¤ isin domun, RC xiv 52 § 62 . nách déanann ceasacht ar éinní dá ccuirthear 'na fhiadhnaisi (of an animal), Desid. 1014 .

(b) As quasi-vn. act of complaining, murmuring (about, FOR): meid atái-siu ac cessacht ḟorm-sa indiu, TBC-LL¹ 3695 ( LL 10663 ). ac c.¤ ar thanacht a bróg, SG 246.16 . ag tormas ┐ ag ceasacht, TSh. 10135 .

clár

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clár or dil.ie/9377
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: -mruig

n o, n. and m. IGT Decl. § 96 .

(a) board, plank : c.¤ ndara iter cach dí chóemdai, Críth G. 102 . cláraib cainib . . . / do fidrud saindil Secheim (of the ark), SR 4221 . cethri clair . . . / o[c] coṅgbáil na sanctare, 4257 . co nār f[h]āguib in ghaoth aca clār gan crithnugad (of ships), ML² 703 . ’nar gcairbh síos ’gá gcur lé cláir 'are being put down into our ships with gangplanks' CMCS xxxiv 34 § 9 . ba h-é rian a thocht-ch.¤ (sic leg.) thoir / triall tré chorp-lár an chobhluigh, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 344.19 . na clara tirma, PH 1257 . gur shín an Rí a chorp red chláraibh (to the Cross), Dán Dé iii 9 . Fig. an dara c.¤ tar éis an luingbhristi (of sacrament of repentance), Mac Aingil 29 .

(b) Of a variety of specific flat articles normally made of wood:

(i) breastwork of a chariot: dofil in carpat afrithisi ┐ dorala c.¤ clé frinn (a challenge to combat), LU 5668 (TBC). tossoísom iarom c.¤ clé a carpait fri hEmain, 5194 (TBC). c.¤ a charpait re broind, ar ná tuitted a ḟobach ┐ a inathar ass, TBC-LL¹ 4430 . carpat . . . co tarbc[h]lāraib umaidib, TBC-I¹ 2549 .

(ii) stave (of a vat or cask): in chetna dabach . . . ro díscáil da cláraib ┐ da circlaib, TBC-LL¹ 1366 . mar théid c.¤ a taoibh thunna `as a plank goes out of the side of a cask', Studies 1924, 89 § 30 .

(iii) wooden cover : clar fodluta, Dinds. 79 (`a floodgate(?)'). corb écen clár dia dlúthad / ós a lár dia lánmúchad, Metr. Dinds. iii 456.83 (`a sluice'). c.¤ casta a wine-press (gl. torcular), Ir. Gl. 1043 . cláir ṡaltrach duinde ní dúin does not close the covers of the brown psalter, IGT Decl. ex. 2088 . c.¤ ar ṡaltair lé leigthir, Aithd. D. 11.27 . Fig. do theilg sé a ch.¤ dá chroidhe, DDána 23.24 . beanaidh sé c.¤ dhom chumhoigh `lets my tears flow unchecked', O'Hara 3870 . an mheadh as lán dom lochtaibh / bean a c.¤ dod chumhochtaibh, Dán Dé xxii 12 .

(iv) gaming-board: clar n-argit ┐ fir óir, LU 10807 . adrethsat na firu óir ┐ argait tarsin c.¤ crédumae, 5444 (TBC). ar rop é in síthbe óir dar in c.¤ findruini síl Aeda . . . dar Bregmag, 4269 . pa meitigthir clar fichille cech det, IT i 271.26 . fir chorra ar chláraibh ar sean / do chnámhaibh loma Laighean, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 160.7 . béim chláir ar fhoirinn óir, Aithd. D. 17.15 . na cláir brannaimh, DDána 106.37 . c.¤ nocha bí gan bhranán, Studies 1924, 243 § 15 . c.¤ na himeartha, Mac Aingil 147 .

(v) table : biad berbtha ┐ clāir lāna, Corp. Gen. 87.29 . clār a nomine clarna i.e. mensa , Corm. Y 359 . scian co cnaim eilipaínt for clar i na comair, BB 497a30 . ni bíd mias nā clar occu, LB 155b53 . os cionn chláir `seated at table', Duan. F. lxii 40 . do shéan-roinn chláir an chomhóil, Keat. Poems 1016 . mírín aráin eorna áin / is í mo chuid-se don ch.¤ , Keat. iii 771 . ceann ar c.¤ (of one who is senseless from drink), Párl. na mB. 3229 . 'na seasamh a náirde ar chlár na mionn witness table, ZCP v 209.152 (Midn. Court). Fig. clār na cléire entertainer of the poets, Butler Poems 48 . c.¤ tiomna na trócaire, DDána 21a.12

(vi) writing tablet (under influence of Lat. tabula, Deutsche, Kelten und Iren 99 ), inscribed tablet: hi claraib gl. in caereis, BCr. 41a1 . c.¤ gl. tabula, Ir. Gl. 67 . in clar i scribad, Lat. Lives 50.5 . na haithneda do-fhácsam ac Moysi . . . iter da claraib, PH 7298 . clar ciartha . . . ┐ se scribtha, Lism. L. 3698 = in tabhuill ciartha, 3704 . clar aircdidi ┐ ainm Magnuis Cam 'arna scribhadh . . . fair, Marco P. 66 . cláir an chonnartha, Heb. ix 4 . Fig. hi claar cridi gl. in tabulis cordis, Wb. 15a11 .

(vii) Of some part of a `cruit', the sounding-board(?): onmhuin an bas do bheanadh / an clar tana taoib-leabar, Manners and Customs iii 273 n. an saoi le seinntear an chruit / . . . / tré ghoradh guith-bhinn a cláir, Keat. Poems 247 .

(viii) Other applications: re denam . . . clar sadall de, Laws i 134.30 Comm. (`saddle trees'). lín . . . mad for a cois beth . . . mad innarta . . . o do choi o clar (implement used in scutching flax), ii 374.6 Comm. = fo c.¤ , O'D. 930 ( H 3.17, 658b ); for c.¤ , 303 ( 237 ).

(c) By extension applied to other materials. strip or plate (of metal), pane (of glass, crystal): clar di argut, SR 4289 . clar nderccoir, Blathm. 435 . c.¤ nglainidi, LU 1796 . lene cona clar argait immi border , IT ii 177.93 ( YBL 115b10 ). c.¤ gemnide do lííc logmair, LL 24905 . ba do claruibh óir aithleaghtha ros-dín `plates' (of halls and rooms), Marco P. 147 . mar théid tré ch.¤ ngloine an ghrian, Dán Dé xxvi 23 . feilm chathardha 'n-a dá c.¤ a martial helmet split into two (metal) plates (?), DDána 91.49 .

(d) Used of various flat parts of the body: tulch.¤ ind étain, LU 4908 (TBC). conici clar a dá imdai, Ir. MSS. Ser. 176.23 . moṅg . . . órbuidi . . . fair co c.¤ a dá leas `to the level of his thighs', Ériu iv 138.x . tugais . . . / fuil croidhe is c.¤ ndearnainne palm of the hand, Dán Dé xxviii 29 . i gc.¤ do bhrollaigh, Keat. Poems 39 . See also óenchlár s.v. óen.

(e) level expanse, plain; surface : clar cosmoil an domhan `a level expanse', Blathm. 951 . am heolach cláir thalman tinn, ACC 45 Comm. ( RC xx 178 ). dia taethsad neam anūas for clār an talman, BColm. 54.29 . a c.¤ findglan . . . / a thír ferach, LU 4122 . Magh Raighni . . . / clar lethan lanḟota, IT iii 95 § 147 . cach caille c.¤ `every spreading wood', Ériu xvii 91 § 10 . bātar cadain for clār chlīu / clār ṅdess gēisse for suidiu, Corp. Gen. 281. 12 - 13 . fo c.¤ nimhe gloin, Ériu iv 238 § 15 . C.¤ Cormaic, C.¤ Cobhthuigh (poetical names of Ireland), Mart. Don. xxxix 5 , 6 . ? Also du Chlár Chonairi, Ériu xxi 137 § 3 . da mbeith an talamh na clar comtrom, Ir. Astr. Tr. 20.x . tri dha poll a da clar `of its two surfaces' (of an astrolabe), 132.27 . ar ch.¤ gach conaire `along every path', LBranach 3268 . c.¤ oighridh ice-flag, Dán Dé xxxi 11 . c.¤ na mara do sgaipeadh le sgála, ZCP v 223 ( Midnight court 742 ). 'na c.¤ choimhréidh chrábhaidh (of the soul), TSh. 10526 . Cf. ar ch.¤ do chroidhe `on the table of thy heart', Proverbs iii 3 . ? clar, bas, a spoke, Eg. Gl. 522 . See also óenchlár s.v. óen.

(f) table of contents, index (infl. of Lat. tabula JCL ix 44 , Deutsche, Kelten und Iren 99 ): clar . . . iar n-urd aibghidre an alphabetical index, MS. Mat. 541.35 . in dara capidil don dara c.¤ , cited O'Don. Gram. p. 377 fr. Med. MS. ataid x. cclair orra sin an .c. clar dibh neach labrus do na siroipibh, Mackinnon Cat. 301.11 . c.¤ chaibidlech `table of contents', RSClára f. 160b . c.¤ an leabhair, Donlevy xlvi 1 .

Obscure: colla c.¤ cannoe nad léit Lugthiach, LL 287a22 . atait tri tedmanna faillsigthe condad comdire fri bas bet, clar neinech ┐c.¤ , O'Curry 2142 ( Eg. 88, f. 2(3)b ). dichor Cairpri do chlar fiss, CRR 56 .

Compds. With noun. in gach cláradba wooden dwelling (of ships), Leb. Gab.(i) 210.24 ( LL 258 ). lingid bric is eignedha / do chlar-bharr gacha tuinne smooth top , KMMisc. 313.28 . in da bla dec frisi cuindrighter crich . . . Clarbla, ailbla . . . `a flat mark, a stone mark', Laws iv 142.9 Comm. ; clar bla [.i.] crich annsin nad n-incoisceadsiach comarda, ┐ na cuinnridter seancaid which is not distinguished by any landmark, 12 Comm. clár-bhórd taoibhe loinge plank , Hard. ii 224.3 . ina clarcolbadaibh gorma ` board-pillars ', CCath. 4424 . da clárchiste mora wooden chests , LU 179.183 . clārc[h]oilér cressa `a stout corslet ', Fianaig. 84.29 . clarcraithe coimhlethna capcainn-reamra for gach mūl ` blinkers ', Fl. Earls 252.25 . clarchris ` board-baldric ', CCath. 5227 . ro scaoilseat clárdroicheat Cille Dalua plank bridge, AFM ii 1178.13 . lethanchlais . . . ┐ clárdhroicheat comhdhluta fuirre, vi 1896.7 . mó a clárḟíacail (sic leg.) . . . / iná fían-chlár fidchille front-tooth, incisor , Metr. Dinds. iv 138.77 - 8 ( LL 29910 ). dothuit an fer mór . . . ┐ aghaidh ar Coinchulainn, go ttarla cláirfiacail an ḟir mhóir a mullach a ghualann, RC xxix 130 § 41 . lan eneclann isin da clar fiacail anuas . . . leth eneclann isin da clar fiacail anis, Laws v 354.8 , 9 Comm. a clarfhiacla uachtair ┐ a culfiacla ichtair, LB 154a52 . clarland cummaide credhumha `flat plate(?)', CCath. 5229 . in clair-leibind level expanse, Metr. Dinds. iii 356.22 . da thir as uaisli a nEirind / da cúigead in clairleibind, BB 62a39 . etir na clarlestraib út wooden containers, LU 181 . clármachaire in Choruinn level plain, Acall. 1504 . fail ann . . . / mor cet cetach clármaige, SR 508 . dognitis clarmhuige coimreidhe dona slebtibh roardaib, CCath. 3930 . clarmíasa bíadhmhara an tighi co mbíadhaibh examhla wooden dishes, Ériu iii 156.32 . -mruig: ro thidnacht dō tír Caim / ┐ clárbruigi Cannáin, SR 2794 . cláirneamh `Heaven's land', Magauran 1215 . coraib . . . / ríu i clárnimh ar comdál!, Gorm. Apr. 14 . din carpat itir cret ┐ cuing ┐ clár-rothaibh, TBC St. 667 . ¤sceimelta (1 sceimled) wooden coverings : clar-sceimelta cengailti . . . cath-sciath, MR 224.4 (`breastworks'). do chlarscíathaibh aladaib, CCath. 4983 . ¤ṡnaide: inneamh póirghine gach cnó dá clárshnoighe, DDána 83.16 . téada . . . / ar clarṡoileach `a willow harp', Manners and Customs iii 271n.

With adj. an fPailís . . . chlárchorcra `red-timbered', Studies 1920, 262 § 5 . ferais tromṡnechta . . . corbo chlarḟind uili coiceda Herend don tṡnechtu white-surfaced , LL 9026 (TBC). a cúirte clárghorma, Studies 1920, 568 § 21 . ó Chodhal chláirleabhar, Aithd. D. 4.7 . tulcha cláirmhíne Caisil, DDána 74.45 . soitheach cláirniamhdha cloichdhearg `of shining expanse', Celtica ii 165 § 35 . nemh fuair an tanmchara adcidh | ar a thír clár tana coemh, AFM ii 886.x . an t-all cláirthe cuaisleacach `hot-flagged', Magauran 2347 . idir shleasaibh do choim chláirthigh, DDána 122.13 .

With adj. derived from noun. mic Connil Cláiringnig flat-nailed , IT ii2 111.38 . do glaic Congail Chláringnig, LL 15112 . cumhdaighthi clarthairrngeacha `made of boards nailed together' (Gloss.), Hugh Roe² 108.28 . Niall on Challaind chlartholgaig, LL 15366 .

With past participle: cathbarr ciarrach clardedaighthi, ZCP x 299.10 . do chubachlaibh claruaighte na cceledh nDé made of planks joined together, Hugh Roe² 32.28 .

cobsaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cobsaid or dil.ie/9852

 

Forms: cobsud, cobhsaidhi

adj i (com + fossad). Earlier u, cobsud, Ml. 133b7 (see GOI 106 , 277 ). See also comḟos(s)aid. firm, steady, steadfast . Of persons: a mbith c.¤ nemcumscaigthi in hulc gl. sedentibus in . . . umbra mortis, Trip.² 41 . gurab cobsaigh inti rob anfosaig gl. stabilis, O'Curry 2265 ( Eg. 88, 19(20)a ). fa cabsaig sloig far slaitni `quiet', Metr. Dinds. iii 422.19 . in tí is cunnail ┐ is c.¤ , PH 5831 . meic cobhsaidh fhrithre, Hackett² xxxii 27 . ina cipe comdluta c.¤ , Ann. Conn. 1256.6 .

Other applications: inna ísli ┐ inna cobsaidi (subst.) gl. depresa camporum conualles, Ml. 81c15 . isin ráith ch.¤ se thís = locum alium in inferiori terra, Trip.² 2704 . talamh comard cobhsaidh, BNnÉ 97 .z . na charpat ch.¤ chomerma, LL 12586 . rad c.¤ cert `a firm statement of rights', Ériu xvi 181 § 21 . o bus c.¤ biad ┐ tene ┐ coire, Laws iii 266.4 Comm. `properly arranged' (gl. bla coire combruth). ós chói chabsaid (: imarsaid), Metr. Dinds. iii 114.67 . re slios ghéagchláir chaoimh chobhsaidh (of the Cross), DDána 54.8 . o chridi cobhsaidh, Smaointe B. Chr. 39 . cumhdaighthi . . . cobhsaidhe fri cathugadh, Hugh Roe² 108.28 .

Compar. cobhsaidhi, CCath. 1853 . Adv. co c.¤ , Trip.² 2095 .

1 cúanach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cúanach or dil.ie/13339

 

adj o, ā (1 cúan)

(a) full of packs (of wolves, etc.): Slīabh Cūa cūanach corrachdub `wo Wolfsrudel hausen', Bruchst. 153 ( IT iii 87 § 99 ). Fergal foltgarb, cūanaig Bregmaige, ZCP xii 238 § 64 (for B. cūanaig ?). ? mag cuanach Muigi Ratha, MR 174.8 . ōtá Cnāmchoill cūanuigh, ZCP x 344 § 16 (2 c. ?). fan gcuireadh gcuanach `thronged gathering' (of animals), TD 16.34 .

(b) in bands, troops; having or attended by troops : dubh druth chongbhalach, cuanach, Ériu xiii 14.28 . cersat cuanach nir' choi crech ` troopful ', Fél. xxiv § 1 . Cairpre c.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iv 212.17 . ? Cheltchair chuanaig cauir chéilig, LL 2118 .

dér

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dér or dil.ie/15536
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: deór, déire, deór, déir, déor, dére, dǽr

n o, n. in O.Ir. (see Thurn., KZ xlviii 66 ), later ā, f.; late Mid. Ir. and Mod. Ir. also deór, IGT Decl. § 39 . g s. déire, ex. 1120 . g p. deór, ex. 1081 .

(a) tear: Fithir ro feg fora siair | ropo mithig d.¤ na diaid 'twas seasonable to shed a tear, LL 375a44 . a s. fri déir , Leb. Gab.(i) 264 n. 2 . d s. airchisis C. do déor Chathbad, CRR 3 . damhna datha ar dheóir, TD 25.23 . g s. deóir, LL iii 20205 , Ériu xxii 182 . fand . . . ainm na dére , LU 3376 ( SCC § 17 ). pl. robtar lugu na dǽr the tears were fewer, Ml. 23a13 . dera fola ro teilcset oc scarad fri Temraig, LU 4385 . cíís déra folcmara, CRR 3 . doní mo deora duba (: feola), ACL iii 216 § 8 . rogab for telgud a d.¤ , LL 376a15 . frosa d.¤ ndichra, TTr.² 1577 . co ndéraib troma, PH 6443 . With téit: ag dul ar dheóruibh weeping , L. Cl. A. B. 74.98 . do rachadh ar dhéaraibh dhamh would cause me to weep, DDána 6.15 .

(b) In general, drop of any liquid: blas na ndéar meala 'the flavour of drops of honey', Giolla Brighde 228 § 15 . der .i. banne, ut est d.¤ do cuaich, O'Dav. 668 . en-deor d'usci an topair, Aisl. Tond. 136.z . deór bheag uisge, TSh. 6252 . deora poipin (i.e. opium, poppy-juice). 24 P 32, 290.16 . fín gan deóir ndesgadh na díaigh, IGT Decl. ex. 390 . Fig. am d.¤ gréne a sun-drop (i.e. dew-drop?), IT iii 61 § 123 . am der greine, Leb. Gab.(i) 264.2 (with gl.: as comghlan me fri déir re grein). As n.pr. f. Der gréine, SG 257.15 . In complimentary epithets: déar aille d'ḟuil na n-iarladh, TD 23.18 . gach fine dhíobh mar dhéir n-aille, 16.49 . a dhéar díleanda ó Bhóinn Bhreagh, 2.55 . der dilinne an eoil oirrdirc, ZCP ii 350.11 .

Compds. ¤ choí : déarchaoi weeping , DDána 46.40 . ¤chuma: damhna déarchumhaidh, 65.1 . ¤gairthe: a réalta is déarghoirthe dath (to a sword), TD 33.1 . ¤guba: oc toirse ┐ occ derghubha, BNnÉ 318.9 .

dermataid, dermaitid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dermataid, dermaitid or dil.ie/15679

 

v (dermat) forgets, overlooks, omits, leaves behind: ná dermat in ríg las 'tái, Metr. Dinds. iii 202.41 . na dermaitid timna ṅDé, SR 4869 . mithigh oirchill an éaga | duine dhínn ní dheirméada, Dán Dé v 7 . cían ó d'ibess digh ndermaid | . . . | nocha dermódainn don digh | Muaidh na Ṡuca, Prolegomena 44 § 1 . ro dermaitis do gradh nadura, ZCP iv 390.9 . ro-s-dermait hi, PH 66 . dermatis a bachall tair (= oblitus est), Lat. Lives 111.6 . nochar dermaitestar Dia mor me, O'Dav. 730 . do dhermaid isan tig e, SG 5.27 . nir dhermait in doirseoir gan in custam d'iarraidh did not fail to demand custom, Fl. Earls 90.5 . tré phéin na bpeacadh marbhthach dhearmadtar 'na bhfaoisidin, TSh. 4362 . cona dermatar a chói that mourning for him be not forgotten, LL 275a8 . forruimther a cend forsin chloich ┐ rodermatad and, 122b24 . rodermaittedh eisium he was overlooked, BNnÉ 301.6 . rodermadad in aidchi sin M. cen a chuidig M.'s supper was forgotten, Ériu v 36. 16 .

See do-ruimnethar.

doéndacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. doéndacht or dil.ie/17562

 

Forms: doénacht, doínacht, doéndacht, daonnacht, doendacht, doennacht, dóenachtae, daenachta-sa

n Also doénacht ā, f. (doén(d)a); prob. distinct words, O.Ir. doínacht used in sense (a) and Mid.Ir. doéndacht (doenn-, daenn-) a deriv. of doénda, but the forms appear side by side. daonnacht (dáonacht, v.l.) f. (g s. ¤a), IGT Decl. 79 § 26 .

(a) humanity, the nature of man ; in O.Ir. glosses chiefly of human nature of Christ in antithesis to deacht deity, divinity: deacht ┐ doinacht Crist, Ml. 127d14 . ní a doenacht . . . acht deacht, Wb. 33c5 . do dhóenacht, do dhéacht, Fél. Ep. 353 (dhaenacht, doendacht, doennacht, v.l.). is do doinacht maic is nomen Jesus , Ml. 17b8 . deacht Crist ara donacht (sic), Thes. ii 252 . rí dochóid . . . asa doenacht 'n-a deacht, SR 7758 ; 7660 . o dib n-aicentaib .i. hon doenacht ┐ o diadacht, PH 6782 . etargni deachte ┐ doinechte Crist, Wb. 24c6 . a rainn doinachtae gl. a parte Filii hominis, Ml. 128b3 . a r-raind a doennachta . . . a r-rind a diadachta, PH 3834 . dia roēt chorp ndóinachta, SR 7510 . i n-anmaim a dóenachta Meic in Chomded . . . i n-anmaim a deachta, LL 306a22 , cf. SG 384 . tarmchruthad diadachta ┐ dóendachta maic Dé, Ériu ii 198 . a delb na trí n-aen . . . co tī tāem dot daena[ch]t duit may the impulse of Thy human nature visit Thee, ACL iii 243 . co salm-gein Ísu iar ndóennacht, Metr. Dinds. iii 8 . aibriscc an raed an daennacht human nature is a frail thing, Leb. Gab.(i) 44 . cid fogluasa ind doenacht ind accobar though human weakness may stir desire, Mon. Tall. 152 . is ecsamail rēim daonachta caich the course of nature differs in each man, ib. mad lobar aicnith inna doinachta if the constitution of a man's nature is weak, Ériu vii 140 . ciall nā rēsūn na daennachta, Ir. Astr. Tr. 2 . scarfat fri daonacht I shall part from all that is human, Fianaig. 16 . g s. as attrib.: is ed as dech cacha gáese dóenachtae: dílse ┐ diúte etc. , of all human wisdom, ZCP xi 86 . do drechaibh . . . daendachta in domain human faces, MR 114 . In pl. in more concrete sense: doeccomnacht Dia in[n]a daenachta-sa . . . .i. ri ┐ espoc ┐ deoraid Dé these orders of humanity, O'Dav. 792 .

(b) humanity, humaneness, kindliness: cid in marbān . . . is a dag-doinacht conói | conā dermatar a chói it is his kindly disposition that preserves (the memory of) the dead, Mór M. 265 ( LL 275a7 ). doennacht fri hécin (return) good for evil, Hib. Min. p. 41 . tuile gan trāigh daonnacht Dé God's mercy is a shoreless tide, A. Ó Dálaigh xxix 1 . brón scartha frisna cairde collnaidi ar [in]gnais a ndoenachta (doennachta, v.l.) for loss of their affection, Ériu vii 170 . idir dheirc, daonnacht, urnaighthe, aifrionn ┐ gach deighghníomh oile, Keat. iii 3039 . iomad déirce ┐ daonnachta, Mac Aingil 363 . pearsa ecclaisi roba mó ainm déirce ┐ daonnachta, AFM 1299 . saoi re dán ┐ re daonnacht, 1337 (iii 560) . ni derna doennacht acht int aen-uball ut do Mac C. he showed no kindness save (to give) that single apple, MacCongl. 49 . níor bheag an daonnachd dorinneadar . . . oruinn, Acts xxviii 2 .

Note also: nír choimling i n-inad ar bith tré ól na daoinechta conviviality , SG 16 . mar a bfuil daondacht bheathadh ┐ fascadh ag ballaibh Criosd `security for life and shelter', Carswell 239 . do theagaisc gan bhéim daondacht is díodhacht the humanities, Gadelica 165 (mod.).

1 fás

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fás or dil.ie/21327
Last Revised: 2019

 

adj o-ā ( faás, Wb. 13b7 , 25a17 ) empty, void, (of places) vacant, deserted, uninhabited, waste:

(a) in lit. sense: tegdis f.¤ (gl. domus vacuans) Tur. 14. lestar f.¤ an empty vessel Thes. ii 294.28 . don ádnocul ḟ.¤ the empty tomb PH 3411 . a n-adnocuil ... ité eroslacthi fása, 3754 . it fássa a ndúine, Fél. 68 . do ḟácaib sáer na háircci inadh tarrnge f.¤ innti left a place for a nail empty Ériu v 49.3 . bid fas tír Temrach, Hy ii 20 . ba f.¤ hEriu iar Partholon uninhabited MacCarthy 144.18 = LL 127a12 . cóic bliadna do Mide maith | f.¤ cen tige, cen degflaith, Arch. Hib. ii 85 § 45 < LL 185a47 . is fáss ó comarbaib féin hí empty of its own inheritors BColm. 78.14 . ceall bis fas, Laws v 118.9 (explained: ní fás cin daīne sin, acht f.¤ cin dliged n-ecalsa 120 . o rochualamair-ni scuru na nGrec do beth fass, Aen. 428 . dochuamar-ni d'fegad na scor fas, 429 . grech na cno faisi of the blind nut Laws iv 36.17 Comm. o rotenc C. na longphorta folmha ┐ na tulcha fássa tar éis in tṡlóigh, CCath. 2393 . conselgat cricha ... comtar fassa, Rawl. 155b40 . Subst.: doberur dire cach fais of every unoccupied dwelling Laws v 168.14 . i fasaib a taeb (i.e. the side between ribs and pelvis; the waist) CCath. 5756 . Barren, sterile: meass fass, YBL 174a9 = SG 80.8 . arbanna finna fasa, Ann. Conn. 1328.3 . secht punnanna fasa, LB 115b41 ( Gen. xli 6 ). is gat fás flaith cen giallu, LL 146b36 ( PRIA 1893-6, 544 ). gairm fri fas `a cry to the waste' (i.e. futile lamentation): gair na pecthach oc nemeli frisin Coimdid ro craidset, ┐ bid gairm fri fas doib, Ériu ii 138 § 134 (= gair [?] cen airchisecht, YBL 86a36 ). cf. gairm fri fasguth, MacCongl. 125.20 .

(b) transf. and fig. empty, vain, futile: as f.¤ (gl. quando vanum et inane est) Ml. 78b23 . ni f.¤ a saithar dogniusa Wb. 11a11 . duús in faás far saíthar (gl. inanis fiat labor) 25a17 . is fass dúnni a pridchimme (gl. inanis est praedicatio nostra) 13b14 . in n-atberisiu bid dál fás, LL 278a28 (= rád f.¤ , Ériu i 68 ). clú fás empty fame CCath. 354 . formolta fása ... na filed, MR 190.5 . naidm fas cen foladh invalid O'Curry 1067 < H 3.18 p. 440b .

Here, perhaps: fas faigdhe .i. fer ro creca ... a selb ┐ na techta fo tuaith co leir na cleithe ... ┐ nitat diles dodcois fri galar no frepaid; ┐ is fas dno, cia foighe, mana gata no mana creca a enech ... Is fas do dno, a faithce fria galar ┐ a repaidh mana tabra nech ní dó ar Dia. Is fas dno, a saire, ┐ a dire ┐ a eneclann, Laws iv 352.11 (see foigde).

Compds.: With subst. either in lit. sense empty, vacant or fig. futile, vain, also feigned, false. ¤bedcarnach: faisbedgarnach na mbronnann dar eis a n-inne `empty starting of the bellies' (of reflex movements in corpses) CCath. 5936 . ¤bolg an empty bag: mar chertli i fásbulg, TBC-LL¹ 4386 . Acall. 3160 n . ¤buden phantom host (?): na fásbuidhne doilbthi draidhechta, Comp. CC 93x . ¤chocnam empty chewing, i.e. pretending to eat: ag fascocnom, MacCongl. 116.26 . occ fáschognamh a mbeol, BNnÉ 89.15 . ¤ choí futile or false lamentation: oc fáschúi ┐ oc fásguba as chind Con Culaind, TBC-LL¹ 5723 - 6044 . ¤chretem a vain, false belief: d'fháischreideamh Cailbhín, TSh. 6109 . ¤eclais a deserted church: ar chúl iladh ḟáisegailsi, IGT, Decl. ex 232 . ¤fuabairt a false (i.e. feigned) attack: lucht na fásfuabarta `the decoying party' lit. those of the false attack (of an ambuscade) AFM vi 1980.1 . ¤garrda an uncultivated garden or plot: i ḟásgarrdaib for imlib sráited, LB 155a8 . ¤guba futile or false lamenting: fasghuba .i. fás acáoineadh no fáscháoineadh, O'Cl. (see ¤ choí ). ¤scethrach see fáiscethrach. ¤tech an empty (ruined, deserted) house: co ndeachaidh a faisteach folamh, BS 36 y . co fuair C. a fastig he, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 36.11 . i fastigh, Corm. Y 1018 (p. 88) = i ḟaistig LB. pl. fáistighe ceall derelict churches TD 1.54 . gurab hi fástigibh bes a trebh co brath, Moling 74 . ¤tempall an empty church: isin fas-tempull sin, D IV 2, 67 [57]rb7 .

gáire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gáire or dil.ie/25219
Last Revised: 2019

 

n io, m. laughter, a laugh: gāiri. caro .i. gaudium , O'Mulc. 618 . g s. a ghaduighe an gháire, Ériu ix 8.84 . gabaid A. gári fris, LU 5421 (= gairi, TBC-I¹ 945. ). co nderna gári imbi, ib. 116 . ni foelsad nech díb cen gári impu, BDD 138 . cen ardghaire mbaeth, Fél. 206.42 . cen choi cen gári, LL 136b36 . cūrsachad cech ndiumusach co n-umalōid tre gāire (= castigare ridendo ?), ZCP vii 311 § 10 . beanfaidh gáire as an iarla `it will make the earl laugh,' Studies 1918, 617.7 . a dhream do-ní gáire anois (= qui ridetis), TSh. 2138 . do-níd gáire, TD 34.203 . tug Dia orum g.¤ dhéunamh, Gen. xxi 6 . gen gáre, fáitbiud gáre a smile: ni ro thib gen n-gairi, IT i 77.6 . nochon fhacces gen gáre for a beolu, LL 278b34 . ni thic faitbiud na gen gairi forra i mbethaidh, Ériu ii 112 § 36 . Cf., however, faitbiud cen gen, cen gári (rule for religious) `smiling without a grimace, without laughter,' Ériu iii 96 § 4 . mebais a ḟáitbiud g.¤ for Fergus, CRR § 18 . rouadar ... ac genaib gæire im C., TTebe 2552 . meic G. na ngaire (: Easpāine), BB 19b7 . As quasi vn.: sinn ag gáire le guth mór, Dán Dé xxix 5 . do bheidís acc gáire dhe (sic leg. misprinted gárredhe), Manners and Customs iii 224 n . má bhíonn sé ... ag gáire, Proverbs xxix 9 . oc gāire immut, RC xiii 387.16 . pl. combái oc garib impu, LL 274b16 ( Mór M. § 2 ). Sochaide mor oc cluiche ┐ ic gairib, RC x 78.12 . occ gáiribh futha, BNnÉ 76 § 143 . boi drecd dib oc gairib impi, Irish Texts i 6.4 .

gred

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gred or dil.ie/26564

 

n `gread a stroke, a blow ,' O'R. Poems

Compds. ¤ choi outcry: éist lem ghreadchaoi (ghreadghuidhe v.l.) ... is fuascail me, Hackett xxv 20 . ¤loscad smarting: gread-losgadh fúail ort, ITS xvii 157.933 .

toirsech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. toirsech or dil.ie/41282

 

Forms: toirrsech, tuirsech, tuirrsech

adj o, ā (toirse). Also toirrsech, tuirsech, tuirrsech.

(a) sorrowful, grieved: na ba th.¤ cia beosa hi carcair, Wb. 29d19 . nitam t.¤ gl. non angustiamur, 15b21 . arnapat toirsich dim chuimregaibsi, 26d21 . fiad na sluagaib ... truagaib tursig, SR 3452 . bethu brónach bith-t.¤ , 8357 . bá torsech Mugain deside, LU 4235 . i[t] torsig thrá ┐ it búadartha na pecdaig, 2070 . baitir toirsich de, ACL iii 20.11 . cid do-t-gní torsech dobbrónach, CRR 3 . badar toirrsig na braithri deisein, air ni fuaradur inadh da cumdach na heaguilsi, RC xlvi 226.z . ro-choi co serb torrsech, PH 606 . go hadhbha ttuirsigh (: luingsin) tTailltean, Studies 1921, 74 § 9 . a bhuime do bhí tuirrseach | 's gan í uime amhuirseach, Dán Dé xx 38 . air mbeith dham go tromdha tuirseach, Donlevy 288.9 .

(b) grievous, violent: Loingsech ... ba t.¤ i cath Choruind, LL 133a5 . airm troma toirrsecha a fer, TTebe 1955 . tar cladhuib troma tuirseacha na trethan, ML² 690 . tucastair C. tulgān toirrsech ann don manaís ... boí i n-a lāim, 1240 .

(c) fatigued, tired: co mbatar scita toirsig, BB 432b12 . o robtar toirsigh ... fir Muman, AFM ii 974.6 . an tan bhíd tuirseach ó bheith ag feitheamh ghnúise ... an diabhail, TSh. 1974 . ag briseadh a chroidhe go beith tuirseach nó sgíothach dhó, 6208 .

Compar.: isam toirrsigi-si tar eis mo tigerna ina cach duine, TTebe 3984 .

trén

Cite this: eDIL s.v. trén or dil.ie/41798

 

Forms: trenbualad, trencheimniugad, thren-gabail, trenglacadh, tren-gresacht

adj o, ā IGT Decl. § 137.

I As adj.

(a) strong: bad treúin i niriss, Wb. 27a6 . tríuin, Ml. 46c23 . donaib feraib trenaib, 37b24 . cin cach cintaid triuin `the debt of every powerful defaulter,' Laws i 268.18 . hi féil ... | Teolis triúin trednaig, Fél. Feb. 25 . snaidsi-unn deg-ri tomtach t.¤ , Lib. Hymn. 29.6 . niurt t.¤ togairm trinoit, 133.16 . t.¤ écosc at-chíu, BDD² 825 . forngaire t.¤ SR 7562 . dus in fagbad ... | talmain trein, 2568 . teora dúi dana trethnasa trena, TBC-LL¹ 5590 . se hech bus triuín fri toghruim, BB 275b16 . antrend .i. anmin tire .i. ni tren fri clandugad n-arbha, O'Curry 124 ( H 3.18, 75 , cf. Phil. Soc. Trans. 1859 p. 196 ). adchiu-sa da tharb trena, TTebe 1617 . a chuirp Mheic Dhé is diúmhas tréan, Dán Dé xxvi 29 . bheith tréan ní haithnidh d'ollamh, Aithd. D. 33.12 . a lámh thréan dínsimhthe drong `thou strong hand in quelling hosts,' TD 19.3 . láimh dheas ríogh Teamhrach tréine, Keat. iii 582.

(b) Gramm. ainm t.¤ substantive: ainim t.¤ son, Ml. 30a9 . cen tabairt anman t.¤ fríu, ib. inna anmmann tréna, Sg. 28b18 . Cf. trén-úathad.

(c) In phrase t.¤ ar powerful over: tréan tú ar gach éinní eile, DDána 10.27 . tú as tréan ar gach ní fa nimh, A. Ó Dálaigh xx 4. Míchéal ortha is é bhus tréan, xxii 11 . Cf. ní tréan ar naoimhcheallaibh bile braonChumair `this hero ... will press light on holy churches,' Aithd. D. 4.13 .

Equative tressithir ... séolchrand prímluṅgi, TBC-LL¹ 2622 . Compar. tressa, tressiu, etc.: combad tressa de hiress apstal, Wb. 25a14 . intí bed tressa do fordiuclaim alaili, Ml. 19d5 . tresa, 6 . besid treisiu fri himfoiche, Laws ii 278.23 . ar us treise in da teangaid dec, v 510.7 . is tressiu cuma inda muir, IT i 81.15 . ba tressio tol aicniud, LU 10730 . bid tressai indás bág Foraind, SR 3892 . anmunna na ṅdémna ba tressi oldáti na tosig, PH 1195 . in n-uair ropo thressiu flaith firu, CRR 20.1 . co mbiad a fis aigi cia aguind bus threisi, Stair Erc. 1664 . an tan fá threise dhá mhíghníomhaibh ioná dá mhaith, TSh. 5725 . Later also tréine: besi treine fri eimfoiche, Laws ii 280.17 Comm. Superl. is ed ainm as tressam, Lib. Hymn. 129.15 . in cliathbernaidh cet as tresium thainic do shil Ádhaim, TTr.² 28 . tresim fedma, Auraic. 5555 . Later treise, tréine: amal ba tresi di ac dul, TTebe 2583 . in ti dobo tresi ara ollamnacht fein, Ann. Conn. 1385.15 . don naomh as treise tá ar nimh, PBocht 8.3 . fear do ba treise ar a thoil, DDána 52.11 . rí is treise ┐ is tréine, TSh. 3059.

II As adverb strongly: tren doratus do menmain | missi hi píangubaib ... | tússu i ṅgrianbrugaib I remembered bitterly, SR 1866 . With co: dobreth fín do ┐ ro mesca[d] co t.¤ ┐ ro guded im dula isin comrac, LU 6688 . mur do chriad (sic) chaim rochalcad | co tren im cach n-airfortach, SR 396 . ro-chói co t.¤ , PH 3197 . tainig techtairi co tren ┐ co tindesnach, TTebe 4360 . do bhrígh go rabhadar lucht na gcríoch-so ... go tréan ar Éirinn `held ... powerful sway over Ireland,' Keat. iii 2463.

III As subst. o, m., IGT Decl. § 61.

(a) strong man: ainm alaili thríuin, Sg. 96a4 . oirt trīunu talman he slew the strong ones of the earth, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 6 § 2 . ceithri triuin, Laws i 54.13 Comm. iter lobru ┐ tríunu, Críth G. 527 . ro brisius aurgala | for triunu na túath, LU 9350 . bad rí ┐ bad t.¤ ┐ bad tigerna dóib, TTr. 53 . eter triunu Tethrach, RC xxvi 26 § 97 .i. eter na treono Tethrach, LL 187b38 . ar treóin ┐ ar tóisig, CRR 38.22 . a ndoberó ar Dīa | do thriun nō do thrūagh, Ériu ii 172 § 4 . in luadi letrom ro bris cach tren, Cog. 160.9 . t.¤ ós mo chionn ní cubaid, O'Gr. Cat. 475.28. ro dhoirtset treóin an tuaisceirt ina ccend, AFM ii 1108.1 .

(b) (orig. n. ?) strength: taoisech Bladhma tren ar thren, LL 394.29 . tren namat mallacht mo mhiond `a hostile power is the curse of my relics,' BNnÉ 286.21 . as mor do traoitais dom trean, Ériu iv 49.24 . co n-aiseóga Día a nert ┐ a t.¤ fen do Gaedhelaib, BCC 124.36 . fada atám fa th.¤ mo bhidhbhadh, IGT Decl. ex. 1732 . tréan an bheatha ní buaine, PBocht 3.32 . gan tren a nesccaratt do leicen forra, AFM iii 364.25 . ? ní tualaing tréan dá threise ... neart ... Dé do thurnamh no power on earth, TSh. 5419 (or in meaning (a) ?).

Compds. (frequ. with merely intens. force, or for alliteration):

(a) With nouns: ¤aicned: cách cona thoga trénacnid chena, TTr. 960 . ¤arm strong weapon: in trenarm angidi ingnathach sin, Stair Erc. 1250 . ¤brugaid: is ann sin tainic Tamun t. mac Tréin, Acall. 2438 . ¤eite: lúth toile 'n-a thréin-eitibh, Aithd. D. 60.8 . ¤fher strong man, warrior: Trioscatal trenfer tigi Concobair, TBC-LL¹ 5530 . ¤fhogail violent seizure: ó thóicheastal throid-mhear ... na tréanfhoghla soin, TSh. 6643 . ¤gaeth strong wind: treisecht na trengaithi, CCath. 4617 . ¤lige oppression: trenlighu .i. foreicni, O'Curry 871 ( H 3.18, 391b ). foxal trenlighi nirt `seizure by overwhelming strength,' Laws iv 268.21 . ¤lua violent kick: ra bretha t. tarpech da choiss úad riss, TBC-LL¹ 2776 . ¤mid strong mead: im thech trenmeda, RC xiv 424.21 . ¤mod valiant work: meic Thalairc co trenmud, Gorm. Sept. 8 . ¤nia great champion: is beg in cin ata acan trenníadh ugud oirne, Stair Erc. 1477. ¤tarraing, in n. pr. Trentarraing mac Bocachta, Anecd. ii 49.15 . ¤timarcain: trentimarcain na tuath `forcible reduction,' Laws i 52.13 Comm. ¤torc mighty boar: cu téit an t. allaid ó chonuib, Acall. 1786 . ¤úathad singular of a substantive (cf. ainm trén): trenothath, Sg. 56b3 . ¤uide: rancatar uile uile | ... | na trēnuidhe dar in trāigh with a mighty rush, RC xxxvii 347 § 45.

(b) With adjj. (forming dvandva-cpds., except in the case of adjj. derived from nouns) ¤adbul: in talam trenadbul, TTebe 3077 . ¤armach strongly armed: do thogail na Tebi trenarmaigi, 2729 . ¤chalma: tic slog mor. ... t., PH 8106 . ¤dúalach strongly woven (?): cona luirigh thruim thren-dualaigh, Stair Erc. 1243 . Cf. tredúalach. ¤máillech having strong links: an tréan luithreac tréanmhailleac, CF Eg. 195 . ¤óg: Airenann tuir threnóg, Gorm. Jan. 5 . ¤oll: Serapion tuir t., Mar. 21 . ¤talchar: tucastair ... tarraing-drutad tren-talcair fair, CCath. 2958.

(c) With verbs. ¤buailid: trenbuailis a sgiath, TTebe 4529 . rotrenbuail a eocho, 2609 . vn. 'ga trenbualad , 3406 . ¤chéimnigther (rel.) strongly advances (?): is iat maíne tréncéimnighther do céimniugh ar fer tairce trian, O'D. 768 ( H 3.17, 551 ). vn. ar na trencheimniugad as in talmain aird, Laws ii 240.5 Comm. ¤chumtaigid: toccaibter ┐ trén-chumdaighter ... ionad onorach, BNnÉ 234.28 . ¤gaibid: in énlaith | rothréngaib mo nert-sa `the bird-flock that holds my strength in thrall,' Metr. Dinds. iv 212.36 . vn. da thren-gabail , MR 200.9 . ¤gellaid: dóib ra thrén-gell in sessed `to them was firmly pledged the sixth,' Metr. Dinds. iii 16.184 . ¤glacaid: cia tír nā ro thrēnglacc trell ? `what territory did he not stoutly grip awhile ?' Arch. Hib. ii 85 § 34 . vn. tre corp an tailginn do thadhall, ┐ do trenglacadh , BNnÉ 274.28 . ¤gonaid: rothrengon cach aroili, TTebe 4517 . ¤greisid: rotrengreis a each, 3999 . vn. ac tren-gresacht caich, 3159 . ¤indsaigid: rotrenindsaig tra na catha croda araili, 2820 . ¤letraid: co rrotrenletair a sirigh, 3829 . ¤marbaid: cur tren-marbh Indolb ar lar an átha, TBC-LL¹ 3856 . ¤tairrngid: ro tréntairrngedh léo an lúitheach sin `this mighty train was drawn by them,' AFM vi 1980.12 .