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4 a

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 4 a or dil.ie/5
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: á, an, an, i, ind, ina, ina, na, na, na, a, a, a, a, a, a, a, a

pron demonstrative relative, nasalising, that which, what . On the spelling á see Celtica ii 339 - 40 . Orig. neut. art., GOI § 473 (cf. 5 a). Combines with ro to form arro (in later lang. ar): arrolegais, Wb. 28d7 , but an- (the usual form before vowels) is also found: anrogadammar, Wb. 15c22 . anró gad, Trip.² 1370 . an ro-ráidis, PH 726 . an raibhe, Keat. ii 265 . In later language also spelt i n-: i n-atconnarc, LU 3322 . ind digní, Mon. Tall. 134.20 (§ 21) . Also ina n-: ina mboí, LU 8416 (H). ina fuaratar, Ann. Conn. 1235.13 . na n-: na tongat, Sc.M² 16 . na n-dingentar, TBC-LL¹ 6179 . na ndenaid, Auraic. 58 . In O.Ir. folld. by absolute and deuterotonic form of vb. a n-asbiur, Wb. 17d12 ; but later the conjunct and prototonic forms become common (see Bergin, Ériu xi 139 n.1 ): a taibred, Sc.M² 1 . a sir, Dán Dé xxiii 37 . a ndenat, PH 2858 . When the demonst. rel. is plural in meaning personal pronouns referring to it are plural: a n-as sīrem diib, Ériu ii 130 § 102 . The vb. may also be pl. a mbid . . . de neithibh, Desid. 5724 . a rabhadar do liagaibh cloch, Keat. ii 3504 . a bhfuilti corrtha those of you who are tired, Donlevy 216.6 .

Frequently cecha n- whatever, however much, etc., see cech.

(a) As nom.: an as suthin, Wb. 13d9 . anasberthar ho giun what is spoken, 5d14 . for nem a (an v.l.) conrúalae . . . as mó mílib míle, Fél. Ep. 25 . arrobúi isind tsaltir nuli the whole contents of the Psalter, Mon. Tall. 133.11 (§ 16) . a nas aithgin do airechaib feda iseadh is dire do athechaib feadha, Laws iv 152.5 Comm. seachnuim a mbí a n-éintigh, Desid. 6426 . a dtarla dá chóir , TSh. 762 .

(b) As accus.: á fil etarru what is between them, Wb. 27d19 . tuicci an gaibes in salm, 12d42 . a pridchimmeni what we preach, 15b14 . a forchongair do chomalnad, 5c23 . a ndogensa what I shall do, LU 8082 ( FB 6 ). tongu-sa a toinges mo thúath, MU² 928 . mā rosaigh a broth a n-rosaig a blas `if its broth attains what its taste attains', RC xii 86 § 91 . ar ordaigh an t-aingeal-sain, Dán Dé xiv. 14 .

(c) With follg. partitive DI: a ndudesta . . . di foirbthetu, Wb. 1a9 . a césme di cach imniud, 13c7 . anrofiugrad di Críst `what has been figured of Christ', 15a34 . a mbaī di mnāib . . . hi Cūailṅge, TBC-I¹ 868 . a nrobíth leis día slōgaib, 1657 . an fogebed in gilla di scothaib, Trip.² 365 . ni hairemthar ar' marbad do macaib rí, RC xviii 173.13 . With different order of words: a n-du imnedaib . . . fo-daimi, Ml. 55d11 . a ndo ligdath doadbat, Ériu ii 114 § 39 .

With copula and superl.: a n-as sirem diib `the longest of them', Ériu ii 130 § 102 . a n-romba dech do thimthagaib flatha fer nGaoidel the best of the garments . . ., Corm. Y 1059 . an-as dech foruaradar do echraidh in righ, Marco P. 35 . i mba fearr do cach berla ┐ a nba leithiu ┐ a mba caemu `what was best . . .', Auraic. 1053 . in rop messa día muintir, RC x. 184.24 . Note also: is a mbeo beres a n-as beodu ┐ i na[s] segondo, TBC-I¹ 693 (compar. for superl.?). Less frequently with partitive gen.: doberat a n-as dech sét in dúine, TBFr. 419 . con-aitcetar ferann fair .i. an ba dech Mide, Dinds. 78 ( RC xv. 478 ).

(d) With prec. prep. (frequent in later lang.): do-farget (sic leg.) a rro-fera ar-a ferthar fris `he offers what he has given for what is given to him', Laws v 502.22 (see however GOI 680 ). ni tabair dír[e] asa n-gatass, Ir. Recht 22 § 24 (see GOI 298, 680 ). farnan bechtae on what is not certain, Bürgschaft 20 § 60 ( GOI 298, 680 ). bui dliged . . . fora raibhi do Thartraidhibh, Marco P. 82 . nach smuainid air a nabruid, Donlevy 468.13 . Gort an Óir ghairthear don Mhaigh . . . ó n-ar bronnadh d'ór lais-sean . . . ann `from the quantity of gold', Keat. ii 4470 . tré n-ar imreadar d'ulc air `on account of the injury they had done him', 4634 . tréas a ndearnsad do bhagar air, Desid. 3429 . Most frequently with DI, giving mod. dia, approximating to a new rel. particle: duine d'a marand indíu any man of those now living, PH 7318 . gach ní dā ndubrais, Feis Tighe Chonáin 105 . na h-uili obuir trocuire diar mol in eglus, ZCP vi 25.4 . ni ternō nech dona tainic anoir `of those that came . . .', Dinds. 23 ( RC xv. 323 ). an aenridiri is lugha dob olc da roibhi ina aimsir, ZCP vi 100.12 . gach aon dár fhás ┐ dá bhfásfaidh every one who has sprung and will spring, TSh. 13 . Temporal use: feacht n-æn da roibhe Cond Cetcathach, Ériu iii 150 . fecht n-aen dá táncatar, Acall. 361 . laithe n-aen … da raibe Find, 5737 . feacht n-aen da tainic Find, 5917 . la da raibhi Crist, Smaointe B. Chr. 1754 . gach úair da dtéighinn ’na theach, L. Cl. A. B. 187 § 9 . fechtus dia m-bui E. hi Frémainn, IT i 128 § 15 . fecht eli da raibe C. .c. a nDruim Cet, BCC 146.5 . lá airithi da ndechaid C. .c. do Temraig, 126.20 . feacht n-aon da ttainic Columcille, Anecd. iii 6 . feacht dia m-báttar, Hy Fiach. 336.1 . Also with acht: co tuctha a longa leó acht a ndechaidh ar éicin, RC xvii 361.17 (Tig.).

(e) When the antecedent is a noun the rel. clause is syntactically gen.: ar comalnad andotairrngert `to fulfil what he had promised', Mon. Tall. 146.20 (§ 51) . i farrad na n-dingentar innossa, TBC-LL¹ 6178 . cuirter fesa uathaib co hAth Cliath ar cend ar ḟacsat and do Gallaib, RC xviii 289.30 (Tig.). ag soin críoch ar chanamor `that is the sum of what I have sung', TD 15.54 . ag clos a ndoirtid, Desid. 4282 . ar son a ndéineann, 731 .

ad-gair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-gair or dil.ie/453
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: ad-gaur, adgair, adgair, -acair, atgairith, adgairet, -acrait, adgairther, -agarthar, -acarthar, -acarar, -agartar, -acair, ad-gaura, -acrai, -aigera, -aicerat, -aigérthar, ad-gérad, adobragart, adrograd, agartha, acrae, acraid

v ( Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 533 ). Forms: Indic. pres. 1 s. ad-gaur, Thes. ii 228.30 (PCr.). adgairim, LU 10289 . 2 s. adgair, Laws ii 118.24 . 3 s. adgair, Laws v 100.21 . -acair, Laws i 102.x . 2 pl. atgairith, Wb. 9c22 . 3 pl. adgairet, O'Dav. 136 . -acrait, Laws v 118.10 . Pass. sg. adgairther, Críth G. 61 . -agarthar, Cóic Con. 29 § 12 . -acarthar, Ériu xvi 181 § 20 . -acarar, Ériu ii 206 § 26 . Pl. -agartar, Cóic Con. 29 § 12 . Ipv. 2 s. -acair, KMMisc. 262.13 . Subj. pres. 3 s. ad-gaura (ad-gara v.l.), Anecd. iii 26.6 . -acrai (acro, v.l.), 22.22 . Fut. 3 s. -aigera, Laws i 272.11 Comm. 3 pl. -aicerat, Laws i 116.26 Comm. Pass. sg. -aigérthar, MR 294.2 . Condit. 3 s. ad-gérad, Ériu xvii 70 § 13 . ( Laws iv 220.7 ). Perf. 3 s. adobragart, Wb. 19b5 . Pass. sg. adrograd, Wb. 3c22 .

Verbal of necess. agartha, O'D. 546 (H 3.17, 436).

Vn. acrae.

Later as simple vb. acraid. IGT Verbs § 47 .

(a) adgaur no duttluchur gl. conuenio, Thes. ii 228.30 ( PCr. 60a5 ). adgairim firu chóicid Chonchobair immá rig, LU 10289 . is and adragart Sencha . . . ``na curid cor díb'' or se called out(?), IT i 67.9 . adrograd cath uadib impu battle was offered(?), LL 22531 ( Dinds. 158 ). doberthar in cath acruim `the battle will be fought which I proclaim', Fen. 376.19 .

(b) sues, prosecutes, impleads, accuses: ní dilgaid a n-ancride dogníther frib act atgairith `but ye complain of it (i.e. make it a cause of action)', Wb. 9c22 . sech ni acrathar ni tacrathar `neither suit nor levy is made against them' Ériu xvi 181 § 20 . deoraid bis for snadugh ni acuir ni acurthur i.e. he has no ordinary legal status O'D. 48 (H 3.17, c.43). fer adgair ┐ adgairther, Triads 161 . ni agarur nach cintuch acht do roith logh fiach adroillithur, Laws ii 14.y . ni agraid filidh acht fioruibh fer fatha, Ériu xiii 17.26 . a[i]r ad-gérad cách di threbairi mani dénta[e] ruidles de `for everyone would sue on the ground of the owner's responsibility', Ériu xvii 70 § 13 ( Laws iv 220.7 ). is co nog-dire . . . atgairter `it is impleaded with full díre', Ériu xii 83.23 . nach coimdedh beas mo logh ne[i]ch adgair fri hinbleoghuin of that which he claims against the surety-kinsman, Laws ii 14.19 . in file . . . acras in mhed na dlighenn, i 58.17 Comm. is e in lin coibdelach acerus in rath, ii 208.25 . curub grad sechta ac aidbred a sét ac duine is isli inás ┐ curab nech ni adagara, O'D. 1632 (H 5.15, 17). is ed adgair o rigaib `this is what he sues from kings', Laws v 100.21 . ite cealla ind-so o nach acrait airchindig a leasa, inge ma deoru De atgaru uadaib ar etgo i n-eclais De, 118.10 . rohagrad Cúchulaind annsin ó Ultaib C. was then sued by the Ulstermen, Ériu i 126.1 . re foraithmet na fala ro haccradh etorra that was a matter of dispute AFM vi 2266.6 . aigeóraidh sé an domhan, John xvi 8 . dá n-agra coir 'n-ar gcoinne / tagra ni fhoil agoinn-ne if thou urgest sin against us, DDána 25.4 . . . . dá ngéar-agra / an troigh 'san taobh `if Thou bringest against me the wounding of Thy foot and side', Dán Dé xvi 15 . d'éigsibh Éireann is anait / ionnmhus dā n-agraid Bréithnigh if the men of B. should demand wealth, O'R. Poems 2054 . agrais Muire . . . / mar nar dhiúlt dí o thosach he implored Mary, A. Ó Dálaigh l 28 .

(c) Various: adobragart gl. [quis] uos fascinauit [non obedire ueritati], Wb. 19b5 . ( Galatians iii 1 ) leg. fascenauit 'he [the Devil] has seduced you ' Ogma 239 , 'bewitched' LOIG 39 . In phrases, a.¤ x imm y sues x for y: mas a naenfecht ro hacrad he im fiach a laime, Laws iii114.z . créad an chóir . . . fa n-aguir inis Alban, TD 24.4 . a.¤ x i(n-) y: nech donair for imdecht . . . cén mbes sorchu al-lá ní hacarar ind he is not sued for it, Ériu ii 206 § 26 . ná hagair inn sa gcánaidh, DDána 24.24 . do agradaois a ghaol isan gcion `they would sue his kin for the crime', Keat. i 68.16 . agraim ad ghealladh thú I earnestly beseech you in virtue of your promise, Mac Aingil 320 . aigéoram in gach gellad dibh-sin é, BCC 116.33 . a.¤ x for y sues y in the matter of x: sechipe tra adgaura in cain-si in domnaig gid fora athuir, Anecd. iii 26.6 . co nderna cert frit do neoch adgair fair `in what thou suest him for', Laws ii 118.24 . ni acuir in fechiumh for in cintuch in aithghin, 16.9 Comm. ná hacair for cill (chill v.l.) `do not sue the clergy', KMMisc. 262 § 15 . nī ba hē cētní aicēras demon form-sa īar n-dul anúnd, MacCongl. 25.3 . in adbaid a naigérthar uirre a h-uilc (of the soul) MR 294.2 . ni h-anagra acht fir flatha agairther oirne, 160.11 . mairg ar a n-aigeora a ḟuil, Aithd. D. 68.12 . agraigh sé orra a choingheall `forces his terms upon them', Content. v 102 . agrais E. . . . / a chunnradh ar Coin gCuluinn, DDána 82.24 . do agair a fhīch ┐ a aimréir ar Ulltaibh vented his anger on, ML² 1199 . mun agaradh a fhuaith ar bhoin `unless he vented his hatred on a cow', Ó Bruad. iii 170.12 . looks after, tends (cf. ar-gair): i tig fir adgair búar maige Tethrai, Comp. CC 26 § 17 . ni tualaing ben ro-ria ni sech oen a cenn: ada-gair a athair i-mbe (leg. mbi) ingen . . . ada-gairet a mme[i]cc i-mbi be clainne .i. urgairid a athair hi ínas (leg. anas) ingen do hi her father looks after her when she is a maiden (un married), Ir. Recht 35 § 38 . forbids, prevents: rafetarsa as peccad comaccobor hore adrograd gl. nam concupiscentiam nesciebam nisi lex diceret: non concupisces ( Romans vii 7 ), `I know that concupiscence is sin because it has been forbidden', Wb. 3c22 . adgairet .i. urgairet, ut est dechmada ┐ primiti ┐ almsana argairet ré cuaird dunebath i.e. tithes etc. prevent the plague, O'Dav. 136 .

ailbéimm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ailbéimm or dil.ie/964

 

Forms: oilbéim

n Also oilbéim (cf. 1, 2 ail and béim)

(a) stumbling, knocking against a stone: ?is béss didu ind liacc benir il-béim friss gl. offenderunt in lapidem offensionis, Wb. 4d15 (`many blows', See, however, Strachan, OIPG 4th ed. p. 124 ). ni tegemad oilbeim do re cloich (non offendet pedes suos ad lapidem), Rosa Angl. 62.19 . ni faghann oilbheim ┐ ni fuilighter air, ib. n.4. co na ro-bera do chos ail-béim (ne forte offendas ad lapidem pedem tuum), PH 4716 .

(b) offence, scandal: a.¤ Hérenn Cell Rúaid, Triads 30 . .i. cill as measa do cheallaibh nó béim aithesach no ceall dáir, p. 36 . rob oilbheim adhbal d'eineach . . . tuaisceirt Ereann tuitim an trír ísin, AFM v 1636.4 . gídh gurab oilbhéim é dona Iúduighibh, Donlevy 400.23 . oilbhéim do thabhairt d'aoinneach, 340.27 . fuáradar oilbhéim fá chloich noilbhéime, Romans ix 32 . an choir . . . do chur i leith na n-Éireannach mar oilbhéim dóibh, Keat. i 60 z . a bhean nar iarr oilbhéim d'aon `who never sought the harm of any', A. Ó Dálaigh xxii 6 . imdhigmet cen ail-bém, PH 6810 . tusa uainn ag anamain / i ndáil in tslóig cen ailbéim, SG 265.5 . ní thug oilbhéim don anam, DDána 52.13 .

(c) impediment, obstruction: ni fil nach locht . . . isind [ḟ]ir sin do neoch is ailbéim aiccenta do churp duiniu there is no fault in that man that could be called a natural defect in the human body, RC xxii 209 n.l . an talamh ní fhuair oilbhéim the earth was not damaged, PBocht 25 § 10 . da fadadh slighe gan oilbeim on talmain `if it got space without obstruction from the earth', Ir. Astr. Tr. 16.16 . fríoth oilbhéim re samhluigh soin / ar coirrṠhléibh . . . Chláraigh a like disaster happened on . . ., DDána 64.26 .

1 ailech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ailech or dil.ie/984
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: a.

n collect. of 1 ail. rock: co fagbad a.¤ a chum[ḟ]at do chor fora lighi, Dinds. 91 ( RC xvi 41 ). ailce .i. cloch, Stowe Gl. 199 . Fig. basis, foundation: a.¤ anscuichthe, see 1 ail. a.¤ comgni basis of synchronism: cad iat libse . . . ailgi comgni fer nÉreand `chronicles', Ériu iv 144 § 20 . ni rabadar . . . seanchaidi . . . frisin lámmais ailgi choimgni, ib. a chuit chóir dona hailgib comgni sin thellaich Themra, § 21. roaicellastar . . . na seanchaidi co n-érbairt friu ailgi comgne cecha harda dond hÉrind, § 22. (The forms ailche and ailge supra are perhaps better considered as pl. of 1 ail, ed.) As n.loc. a.¤ capital of the Northern Uí Néill, see Hog. Onom. ro rīgad i n-Ailiuch, Arch. Hib. ii 48 § 2 . [ro ddet] a hadbai Ailig ríg, LL 3926 .

ainsic

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainsic or dil.ie/1530
Last Revised: 2019

 

adj (cf. 1 secc). Epithet of a cauldron (coire) variously explained by glossators: caire a.¤ .i. an-aisic .i. īarsinni aisices a dliged do gach ae. nō an-scuithe .i. neamscuithe .i. gan toichned dogrēs, Corm. Y 361 . caire ansíc .i. an 'gá diultad conach siccus tirimm he acht a beith bithḟliuch dogrés, O'Dav. 321 . briuguid ... oca mbí caire ansic 'who has a cauldron which is never dry', QML xiii 4 § 4 . Glossed: .i. caire dlegar do beth for tine do gres ar cind cach tascuir dodainic, Laws i 48.6 Comm. briugu leiteac . . . coiri ainsicc lais, v 78.8 .i. coir[e] aigi as aiscend a dliged do cach, 11 Comm. caire ainsicean . . . .i. caire no aisicead a cuid choir do gach en, MR 50.21 . cori asicain (ansicain v.l.) no ainsirc (leg. ainsicc), IT iii 187 § 8 = coiri aisic, § 9.

airchae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airchae or dil.ie/1674

 

n , f. (air + cae) out-office: ircha .i. cuiltech, no airecal no tech in bídh, O'Dav. 1107 . trí traigid .x. a [a]ircha[e] ara rorandathar bés a thige indi, Críth G. 104 . tech . . . co n-airchai, 135 . co n-airchai choir , 337 . teach .xl. traigead. hirchae .xxiii. [traiged], Irish Texts i 19 § 2 .

aisnéis

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aisnéis or dil.ie/2507
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: aisndís, faisnéis, -i, áisndís, aisndís, aisṅdís, aisṅdeis, aisṅdíis, aisndís, aisṅdís, aisndísen, aisṅdísen, aisdísen, aisṅdís, aisndís, aisndis, aisṅdísin, aisndisnea, asṅdisnea, aisndisen

n O. Ir. aisndís. n, f. (see GOI § 730 ). Later also faisnéis f. (g s. and n p. -i), IGT Decl. § 13 . Vn. of as-indet. IGT Verbs § 83 . n s. áisndís, Ml. 14d3 . aisndís, 44c30 . aisṅdís, 94b3 ; Sg. 59b7 . aisṅdeis, Sg. 161b3 . a s. aisṅdíis, Wb. 12d20 . aisndís, Ml. 145c8 . aisṅdís, 145c9 . g s. aisndísen, Ml. 40d18 . aisṅdísen, Sg. 203a4 . aisdísen, 198a10 . d s. aisṅdís, Wb. 27a8 . aisndís, Ml. 64d2 . aisndis, 126b1 . n p. aisṅdísin, Sg. 3b23 . a p. aisndisnea, Ml. 24b5 , 35b20 . asṅdisnea, 51d2 . g p. aisndisen, Ml. 64d2 .

(a) act of relating, telling, explaining; narration, explanation: cid glicc . . . oc aisṅdís, Wb. 27a8 . ni comadas du aisndís inna mmaraisndisenso acht in spirut noib, Ml. 64d2 . aisndís is tri chaingnímu rosegar . . . ind hires, 14c19 . cid écen áisndís do neuch as doraid coleir, 14d3 . aisṅdis dind fortacht durat dia do, 40b8 . hond aisndís gl. præfatu, 51c3 . huan aisndís gl. adnuntiatione sua, 42d10 . tre aisndéis sechmodachti, Trip.² 21 `a declaration of the past', Trip. isam ómun ar a a.¤ , LU 5349 (TBC). is fota fri haisnis is tophlíúin menman, 7913 . ní h-adlicgi . . . / a ḟasnís (aisnes v.l. St.) do ócaib Ulad, TBC-LL¹ 4769 . táin Bo Cualngni do faisnēis, ACL iii 4.11 . cenco cumhsanaind icca aisneis ria mbrath, Ériu ii 136 § 120 . scrutan screptra aisnis ḟorcitail, LL 371c45 . is rimsa . . . ro hérbad ar eisnéis ┐ a acallaim fíad int ṡlúag `for explanation', Ériu iv 144 § 22 . ger' bdar goacha na haisneisi `though the accounts were mendacious', CCath. 751 . Forus Feasa ar Éireann d'fhaisnéis, Keat. i 2.9 . examhlacht aisneisi, Leb. Gab.(i) 2.14 . ar Mac nDé mar fríoth faisnéis tidings , Dán Dé vi 6 . scél .i. moladh no a.¤ , Ériu xiii 77 § 223 .

Of pronunciation: inna aisṅdísen dochuirde .i. dochrud leo .n. indiad .m. `of the difficult pronunciation', Sg. 203a4 . derbaisṅdísin .i. derbḟogir gl. ipsae pronuntiationes, 3b23 . Of a biblical passage or saying: is he . . . leth ataībe an aisnesea la Matha, RC xlvi 233.25 . Of a type of satire: cis lir fodla aire . . . a tri .i. aisneis ┐ ail ┐ aircetal aisneis . . . indisiu tria hainsimh cen chuidbus, BB 299a6 ( Jn. Celt. Stud. i 201 ). a[t]aat tri fodla for aír .i. aisnéiss, ail, aircital aisnés .i. indessin tria táinsimad cin chuibd[iu]s con n-immdercad grúade, H 3.18, 870 (ib. 211 ). Of a type of metre: cetal na haisnése so sis, IT iii 63 § 125 . In phrase agallaim is faisnes, a metrical fault consisting in addressing and talking about a person in the same stanza: gabh h'eduidh . . . a Chumaill / na legeadh se a luing tar lear (1.) (na leig budh chóir ), IGT Metr. Faults §§ 23 , 73 , 120-24 . faisnéis is agalluimh a n-énrann, Introd. 2.27 . lochdach . . . attús chomhfhocuil . . . faisnéis no agalluimh, 24 § 97 . as í an fhaisnéis nach cóir a ttús chomhfhocuil fúaras, do-chíeabh, tiogabh, no a leithéid eile, 28 § 121. Also fresnés go n-a.¤ , see fresndís.

(b) Legal act of giving information, informing (against): má ro innis is fiach faisneisin do . . .manar innis is fiach seillid uadh, Laws iii 104.24 Comm. fiach aisneise[n], O'Dav. 1420 . do'n thi do ni aisneis for in gataidh, Laws v 188.14 Comm. co rub aisneis doberar fair, 324.3 Comm. cutruma ata in fiach aisnesen d'urrad ┐ do deorad . . . don aisneis doniat . . . don aisneis doniter orro, O'Curry 2127 (H 4.22, p. 86). cethre aisnesi (sic leg.) no cethri gne i naí fogra aptha, Laws i 282.31 Comm. , 284.20 Comm. aire tuise .i. tuisechu i n-urd aisnesin he ina'n t-aire ard prior in right of speech, Laws iii 24.27 Comm. trí fáilte co n-íarduibi: fer tochmairc fer gaite fer aisnéise, Triads 67 . Cf. aigde aisnéise tell-tale faces, Tec. Corm. § 16.8 . In phrase freisneis ┐ a.¤ statement of case (by plaintiff) and answer (by defendant) see fresndís.

aitt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aitt or dil.ie/2825

 

adj i See Vendr. Lex.

(a) pleasant, agreeable . Of persons: sāithech cech ainmnetach a.¤ `every patient agreeable person is satisfied', Ériu ix 47 § 16 . Cūchulainn rop ānraith ait (:glaic), Fianaig. 42 § 8 . . . . os méit Ectoir a.¤ , LL 16558 . Of a place: ōthā Bernān Ēile ait, Ériu ii 50 § 4 . Other applications: in scél n-amra n-a.¤ (maicc), Arch. Hib. iv 207 § 19 . iarsan ríagail ait according to the clear rule, AFM ii 606.18 . ? cobair ait .i. glic, Fél.² cliii Oct. 18 . In chevilles: áireamh ait, AFM i 158.12 . ceim ait, RC xvii 121.18 (Tig.). dorsaire druith delma a.¤ , LL 3758 . As interjection of joy: euge, euge .i. ait ait, Thes. i 3.3 . In phr. is a.¤ la is pleased (with): a n-as-breth fris ní bo ait laiss he was not pleased with what was said to him, BDD² 310 . ba a.¤ la Dáre anisin, TBC-LL¹ 108 . ait leam ní dúa feil `I am glad of the reason for it', BColm. 36.13 . is ait leis an amadán `it is as sport to a fool', Proverbs x 23 . Compar. as aite leó so they prefer, Desid. 6348 . gurbh'aite lé, Dán Dé xxxi 20 . Adv. ata an teach ag eirge go hait (: tslait) nicely , BNnÉ 179 § 35 . Subst.: ìnbat budig do beōil do shainól ┐ do shainait, MacCongl. 77.6 `something specially pleasant, a dainty', p. 192 .

(b) strange, unusual: is ait an obair-se ar Thadhg, Content. xxv 1 . ait an choir `strange the crime' (cheville), xvi 51 .

1 alt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 alt or dil.ie/3016
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: a., alta, altæ, altu, alta, ailt, a.

n Orig. u, m.? ( cech a.¤ , Ml. 44d2 , but ald n-airge, ACL iii 293.z , cech n-a.¤ ┐ cech n-ága, TTr.² 492 and pass.). g p. -altæ, Corm. Y 41 , alta, RC xv 487 § 1 = altæ, Ériu xix 58 § 1 . Note also a p. altu, Fél. Ep. 323 (alta, v.l.). Later with g s. alta and ailt, n p. id., g p. a.¤ , IGT Decl. § 96 .

I

(a) joint, articulation (in human beings and animals): don a.¤ gl. jugulum, Gild. Lor. 69 gl. 201 . a.¤ día altaib = iunctura membrorum (of a serpent), Aisl. Tond. 109 § 4 . rolaad cach a.¤ asa choir dam gl. ita totus resolutus sum, Ml. 44d2 . mér airindí bīs ina aonar isin a.¤ i mbī, Corm. Y 890 . robīth Cūchulaind co ndec[h]aid a altaib dō so that his joints were dislocated, TBC-I¹ 2962 . For a different use with verbs see below. cach mball ┐ cach n-a.¤ ┐ cach n-ind ┐ cach n-āge, LU 6445 (TBC). lamh airgíd . . . edír mér ┐ a.¤ , BB 32b40 . tri halta atat isin meor, PH 6837 . cen tescud alta na feithe, Laws v 488.5 Comm. ar a.¤ a dhroma, RC xxix 138 § 56 . d'altaibh in droma, Rosa Angl. 98.19 . do benadh a throigh on a.¤ amach do mhac U., AFM vi 1884.15 . an deaslámh do dhol dá ha.¤ , DDána 21a. 22 . Fig. no gur sguch mh'annsa dha ha.¤ `till my heart left its wonted place', Ériu ix 6.55 . cíoch rér tairngeadh a fhíoch dá a.¤ , PBocht 2.4 . Cf. TBC-I¹ 2962 cited above. Occas. perh. limb: an dara dairt . . . / feoil is ailt ar a hionchuibh flesh and limbs are entrusted to it (of an arrow), DDána 78.13 . gan ghoin ag Dia ní fhoil aon-a.¤ / is lia ná soin daonnacht Dé, Dán Dé x 12 , cf. Keating's use of alt, goin below. Note also: chomhdhubh re gúal gach n-ailt dhe o bhonn go a bhathus, RC xxix 114.10 .

(b) Extended applications. Of the socket of a weapon: co tarrla [in sleg] ina ha.¤ . . . féin, Acall. 4905 . ro lingiustar in lann . . . as a altaib ┐ as a imdornnchur, MR 300.9 . Of some part of a sword: da claidim deg co n-altaib, BB 280b15 . tucustar tri tren beimenna do cruadaltaib in claidim `hard knobs', MR 300.24 . Note also: co n-a.¤ imrind, Arch. Hib. ii 61 § 37 . Of curls in hair: i n-earla na n-a.¤ , DDána 91.30 (of a hero).

II In literary contexts.

(a) Used by Keating (Keat., TSh.) of a subdivision of a book (leabhar), with further subdivision goin punctum, see guin, and cf. Dán Dé x 12 cited above. Perh. also in: mé dot ath-ghoin san a.¤-sa, Content. xxiv 4 (`now').

(b) Of the division between the syllables of words: indleas do dhialt . . . air ni fil a.¤ and i.e. it is improper to apply the name of any polysyllable (`recomarc', etc.) to a `dialt' (monosyllable), inasmuch as there is no a.¤ (juncture) in it, it is a unit, Auraic. 779 , 3582 . a.¤ ┐ dialt ┐ recomarc, O'Dav. 428 . a.¤ in anma prosta in re n-aimsire bis eter in da shillaib a inni, Auraic. 830 . in gne no in cenel int a.¤? Is cenel ecin, ar itat tri gnee fai .i. a.¤ saerda ┐ a.¤ aicenta ┐ a.¤ co feser, 890 . cate esse alta? . . . in toe tengadh fil don filid a[c] ceimniughudh don litir for araili mad a.¤ saerda no don sillaib for araili mad a.¤ aicenta artificial division (within a syllable), natural division (between syllables), 909 .

(c) metre (type of composition?): cia ha.¤ dona seacht n-altaib ind aircetail, Auraic. 925 . domiditer alta uad fri alta duine, 1237 . alta uad, IT iii 128.2 . co fesear cia ha.¤ huad, 3 . ca ha.¤ don maoin nachar mēin? (.i. ca haiste don eladain nachar foghlaim?) (B. na f.), ZCP v 489 § 10 . is dīlsiu don a.¤ airc[h]etail īsiu, Corm. Y 41 . do ṡluind na n-ilaltæ, ib. a.¤ .i. aircetail, O'Dav. 6 . ae a.¤ , 160 . co n-a ollaltaib cen ail (of poets), LL 18266 ( SG 84.44 ).

III Abstract applications.

(a) juncture, point (of time, etc.): ra ha.¤ na h-uaire sin, CRR 18 § 12 . a.¤ in lai sin `this very day', CCath. 5110 . i na.¤ in inaidh-sea `the nick or juncture of this place', 502 (see O'Cl. in (c) below). rob indethbir a gabail do láim a.¤ na huaire sin, O'D. 1588 (H 5.15, 8a).

(b) shape, form: an choill aig eirghe ina ha.¤ féin, BNnÉ 159 § 14 . in n-óige ailt in completeness of form, RC xxxvii 348 § 57 . Cf. Colmán . . . / la hógi a.¤ légend `with perfection of high studies', Fél. Sept. 26 . Luacair ard i toethsat fir / fuithi ata a.¤ in buanfir, Fen. 374.14 . ?tug an tAthair na a.¤ féin / a mhac (`in His stead'), A. Ó Dálaigh viii 3 .

(c) kind, sort: cia haltt delbi, PH 440 . cía ha.¤ con etir, Mer. Uil. 282 . cia ha.¤ dáine cia n-anmand, TFerbe 564 . cia ha.¤ airgne agat?, Metr. Dinds. iv 212.40 . ? ni ha.¤ coindircle maith do denam fria n-aen duin ┐ olc fri cach, YBL 168a14 . a.¤ .i. leithéid. in a.¤ an ionaidhsi .i. a leithéid an ionaidhsi, O'Cl.

(d) state, condition, circumstance: iarom bá halacht in ben / ropo mára.¤ airmiten, LU 4312 . ? nirbu mall marb-a.¤ don mnái, Metr. Dinds. iii 50.23 (` death-dirge '). gillai Chonnacht co caími / dáini ra troma.¤ truagi, TFerbe 626 . lén-a.¤ `sorry plight', Misc. Hag. Hib. 28 § 42 . ? a a.¤ a olcc / a chacht a chorp, IT iii 84 § 75 . Perh. also: créad do ghéandais san a.¤ (: falt) úd `in that case', PBocht 13.41 . Hence in phr. i n-a.¤ with gen. in a position to, able to: ná tathaoir T. / 's gan é i n-a.¤ bhur n-agallmha `as he cannot answer you', Content. iv l . ó taoi-se i n-a.¤ mh'agallmha, v l. gan é i n-a.¤ a agallmha it was impossible to speak to him(?), DDána 100.25 .

(e) way, manner: atat tri altai leusom for ind gabail i.e. they have three ways of chanting the psalms, Mon. Tall. 140.28 (§ 33) . noco n-a.¤ dōib taurcbāil a coss do neachtar de seach araile it is not their way (of two who always kept in step), TBC-I¹ 3312 . a.¤ mog mo coire (.i. is ē so gnīmrad mo coire), Anecd. v 23.5 . is ucht ra mórdílind a.¤ neich mar sein i trad-sa `action of anyone', CRR 40 . is essarcain cind fri hallib a.¤ neich mar sain, 42 . Freq. with prep. FO: nod slaid fón a.¤ cétna in the same manner, LU 3287 ( SCC 8 ). fond a.¤ sin, LL 280a23 ( SG 415.16 ). Also in phr. as cech a.¤ : cóir áli riu as cach a.¤ , LL 374c60 . fuaradar eg as cach a.¤ , MacCarthy 434 § 4 . But see: a Muire, mo bennacht ort | as cech n-alt 'O Mary, my blessing on thee in every part' Ériu xix 13 § 1 . ? a.¤ dár séan an binnse bláth `this brilliant Bench (sc. of justice) hath been our welfare's hinge', Ó Bruad. ii 276.20 .

Very common in chevilles: a.¤ cen imresain, SR 6038 . a.¤ co mbuadhaib, Anecd. i 73 § 215 . ald n-airge, ACL iii 293.z . drong tria a.¤ , IT i 78.31 . cen altu áig, Metr. Dinds. iv 98.91 . aichre a.¤ , Rawl. 148a3 .

Compds. ¤-bisech: th'earla bhíos ag breith ailtbhisigh increasing in length (?), DDána 114.6 . ¤-chaín: mānāis leathanglas fordūal altchāin uindsenn, TBC-I¹ 3346 `on a fair shaft of ash', Faraday. ¤-cháem: dfoghadhaibh altchaémha uinnsionn beautiful ash-handled javelins, AFM vi 2130.4 . ¤-chóir : aenmac altc[h]ōir, RC xxxvii 348 § 60 . ¤-géimnech: alt-gheimnech a n-a. `cracking of their joints', MR 256.20 . ¤-gorm: cloidhme altgorma, CF 880 . ¤-lethan: Echaid a. big-limbed, Fen. 28.22 .

amus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. amus or dil.ie/3234

 

Forms: amhus, amsa

n o, m. amhus m. (g s. and n p. -uis), IGT Decl. § 17 . a p. amsa, AFM iii 290.20 .

Hireling, servant, attendant: amos .i. am-ḟos īarsinnī nāt gaib fos, sed de loco ad locum .i. ō luc .i. ō t[h]igerna dialailiu, Corm. Y 12 . na n-a.¤ gl. satilitum, Goid. 69.5 . amuis ríg a king's attendants, Críth G. 577 . cía lín di amsaib as choir do ríg?, 582 . a dhair ┐ a dhicinn ┐ a amhais, O'Curry 2500 ( Eg. 88, 40(41)d ). aicde amhus .i. ni hinaitire ┐ ni hinraith, 509 (H 3.18, 258). in t-a.¤ dona fes mathair nó athair, Ériu xii 144.4 (TE2). amhus no rechtaire, BCrólige 22 gl. 5 . a riocht amhois dorīacht Tadhg, ZCP viii 223 § 15 . asbert Feradach ní thibred a ingen do a.¤ , LL 287b2 . otá a.¤ co roich ríg, 204a35 . in tech mór milib a.¤ , 3549 . ? grengsait Laigniu laichaib d'amsaib / assa tírib, 4965 . a trí (sc. dath) i n-éadach an amhais, Keat. ii 1918 . cruadh-dháil na n-amhus crudelitas ministrantium, TSh. 6385 . aon amhus do rachadh im íolchruthaibh (of a poet), Hackett xx 10 . As abusive epithet: a amais anuasail ┐ a muidh modurdha `hireling', ZCP vi 282.10 . amhus `a reprobate' (of an unscrupulous administrator), O'Rah. xvii § 26 . a.¤ aen-tigi indoor or resident servant, Laws v 72.25 Comm. a.¤ ruin no raid no imacallma confidential servant, 24 Comm. , 74.13 Comm. See also under airéirge, 1 ben compds., coímthecht, coinnmed, 1 fer compds., mías, ríg-, 1 taithigid.

In special sense of hired soldier, mercenary: a Goill 's a amais imdha, ZCP viii 226 § 18 . amais ana imglici co laignib, Alex. 3 . imut Fiann imut amhus, ZCP xi 44 § 61 . iter . . . amsu ┐ anrada, CCath. 4531 . rucsat . . . amhsa righ Muman fair, AFM ii 946.13 . bró amhus, IGT Decl. ex. 598 .

Possibly collect. in following: a.¤ urrud . . . a.¤ deorad native hirelings, hirelings from outside the territory , Laws v 74.1 Comm. torchratar a n-a.¤ imdegla `household guard', Fianaig. 92.28 . thusa ┐ do mhuinntir: sgol amhas, ucairí, ghresuidhthe, etc., Luc. Fid. 5031 .

1 ap

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ap or dil.ie/3853

 

Forms: abb, abbaith, apid, -apid, -apthib, ab, abbadh, abbadh, abbaidh, apaid, abb, abbaibh

n t, m. (Lat. abbas, -atis). Frequ. spelt abb. Cf. GOI 575 . a s. abbaith, Thes. ii 242.21 . d s. apid, Wb. 26a8 . n p. -apid, Wb. 12b17 . d p. -apthib, Wb. 19d2 . ab m., IGT Decl. § 21 . Later also with n s. abbadh, AFM i 452.7 ; abbadh , BNnÉ 50 § 36 . abbaidh, AFM i 526.18 . g s. apaid, O'Curry 2415 ( Eg. 88, 32(33)d ); Laws iii 72.13 Comm. d s. abb, PH 583 ; TSh. 3074 . d p. abbaibh, AFM iii 28.14 .

(a) head of a monastery, abbot: ab .i. ab eo quod est abbas , Corm. Y 28 ; cf. ab .i. maith, Stowe Gl. 225 ; Lec. Gl. 458 . gabsi cadessin abbaith he himself took the office of abbot, Thes. ii 242.21 (Ardm.). Esodir in t-epscop / abb ecailse ardae, Fél. Jan. 2 . cell cen abaid, LU 615 (ACC). samud Cíaran cona n-abaid .i. Aédlug . . ., 9594 . cor manaig cen apaid, Laws i 50.z . dia flaith, dia fine, dia abaid, iii 22.7 . fo reir abbad ┐ anmcarat techta, 14.15 . tellach apu (leg. apad ?) for a mancu, v 206.6 . ceall a mbi airchindech laich cen cairiuga do abuid, v 118.4 . cor manaigh . . . sech apa (leg. apaid ?), 356.12 . cor apa (leg. apad ?) sech manacha, 15 . dun abaid .i. dun airchindeach, 22.25 Comm. comeniclann do ┐ in ri no in t-app, 48.z Comm. eneclann apadh na cille, iii 208.13 Comm. co na dingentar appaidh do nach clerech, Anecd. ii 17.7 . no chantais cléir cainabbad, Metr. Dinds. iii 378.12 `the holy abbot's choir ' (of Patrick), v p. 232 . mac ind abbad issin cill, LL 18771 . ina suidedaib apad, BColm. 62.20 . eidir abaidh is easbog, ZCP viii 229 § 2 . i gcoimhdeacht abbadh, Keat. iii 1328 . d'abbaidh Í, 1331 . saltair an abadh, IGT Decl. ex. 786 . tánaise abbad prior (see Binchy, Celtica iii 223 ): C. . . . tanaisi abbad C., CS 130.x . tanaiste abadh Cluana maic Nois, RC xviii 23.9 (Tig.).

In phrase a.¤ Rómae the bishop of Rome, pope: Alaxander . . . abb Rómae, Fél. Apr. 27 . Celestinus abb Rómae, Trip.² 302 . co hapaid R., 913 . cu abbaid R., 2827 . Siluester tra abb Roma, PH 362 .

(b) In extended sense of leading person, lord: ab .i. tighearna, O'Cl. gebtit iudei i n-apid `Judaei will receive him as lord' (of the devil), Wb. 26a8 . fora n-apaid .i. for Díabul, LU 2436 . abb popuil, Fél. Apr. 12 . abb míle, Fél. May 24 . Of God: ar n-abb, SR 831 . a Rí na mblat is na mbreth / is tú in t-abb is tu in tóesech, LL 1991 . a.¤ archaingel, Ériu iii 106 § 46 . Uriél lim . . . / int abb co n-ūaisli ardi (of an archangel), ii 92 § 4 . ma coir a.¤ coso `if he be a just head', Laws ii 280.1 Comm. imdich cach corp a memru .i. fuadridh cach coir a.¤ , O'Dav. 1125 . Lugaid . . . is é ba aire ba h-abb, LL 18367 ( ZCP xii 379.22 ). Astiages abb cen ḟell / dar airged Ierusalem, LL 15484 . co rig nasail app druing dein, IT iii 12 § 22 . nír bo roinn abbadh aimhréidh, Anecd. ii 35 § 15 .

as-ingaib

Cite this: eDIL s.v. as-ingaib or dil.ie/4443

 

v (* ess-in-gaib, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 529 ).

(a) goes beyond; surpasses, exceeds: cosind epert asingaib méit `that exceeds quantity', Ml. 23a13 . asingaibside mod as choir do thabairt diglae (cf. ultra mensuram in Comm.), 57d16 . epert asingaib fir inso, 89d8 . a.¤ .i. is huilliu in trocaire oldatae ar n-airilltin-ni, 131a6 . a.¤ gl. excedit, 144d1 . acht asringba óen `provided it exceed one', Sg. 71a2 . arna esngaba mod á cuindrech, Ml. 22c8 . ciasingbat árim déṡillabche compariti ┐ superlati, Sg. 44b3 . asringbus gl. excedissem, Ml. 130b4 . asringaib gl. excedisse, Ml. 32d8 . huasringai b corp fulach inna fochodo `when the endurance of suffering has passed beyond the body', 22d9 . aras-rimgaib (leg. as-ringaib, ed.) in fili dama [asa thig] because the `fili' has exceeded the right number of company, ZCP xv 334 § 26 ( xvi 222 ). asringabsat gl. exceserant, Ml. 113d8 . nad resngabsat gl. non excidisse, 122d8 .

(b) goes forth from, defects(?): fer dono ciasingbu as a gradh, Laws i 62.24 ( O'Dav. 1131 ). fer . . . ciasingba as a ngradaib ni fairben log enech a mna, Laws v 516.26 .

(c) Meaning doubtful: asingaib [rudrad] fir fithiu, Laws v 496.3 .i. berar as na tighi fithi doronta forsan tir, O'Dav. 1131 . acht ciasingbat anta la ruirtiu crich `though they lessen the periods of stay', Laws ii 110.15 .

? Vn. ni helod, ni hesgabail, ni hecoir . . ., O'Curry 739 (H 3. 18, 353b). Part. anas nesngabthi (leg. -e) incorp gl. excesso corpore, Ml. 22d9 .

athchomarc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. athchomarc or dil.ie/4713
Last Revised: 2013

 

o vn. of ad-comairc. act of asking, enquiry; request, question: arrufoitea epistli uaidib som co n-aidchomarcaib cucisom gl. questionibus, Wb. 9d14 . ail dam ní d'a.¤ huait, SR 1205 . tiagair di a.¤ Cano, Anecd. i 4.18 . arfoemad . . . aithcomarc neich dond áos fuirbti `he would sometimes allow holy persons to consult him', Mon. Tall. 135. 23 (§ 23) . manibé nech aile bes lór laiss . . . do athcomarc fris `if there be no one else of sufficient authority for him to consult with', 160.20 (§ 79) . fritamgair céin . . . / . . . / is ed a.¤ is nesam / dūin diar cobhair, ACL iii 294 § 11 . docuas . . . dia athcomarc dia Mathair dus a ndingned olc, YBL 137a21 . no bíd Poir oc a.¤ Alaxandir dona míledu asking the soldiers about A., Alex. 763 . ba hannfhocal d'feraibh Érenn . . . a athcomarc diaroile an . . ., Leb. Gab.(i) 76.24 . acc á.¤ scél ndó, AFM v 1864.4 . Sense not clear in: cia lin a.¤ fil im cach ernail dibh? . . . a tri . . . roscadh ┐ fasach ┐ testemain, Cóic Con. 26 § 3 . Cf. cóir n-athchomairc below.

In phrases. cenn athchomairc chief counsellor: conda ragbat fir Herend do chomarlid ┐ do chind athchomairc dóib, LU 9665 . ticfea in chaindel do muintir Dé . . . bes chenn n-athchomairc don tua[i]th sea .i. Senán, Trip.² 2427 . iarna comairle re cenn athchomairc bes accu, Laws iii 36.17 Comm. co cend n-athchomairc Muman, co brithem Caisil, Ériu iii 140.157 . ceand áthcomhairc Gearaltach, AFM v 1762.1 . ? Cf. co agu athcomairc, O'D. 1958 ( Eg. 90, 7(8)ab ).

Cóir n-athchomairc, name of one of the procedures used in deciding a law case, see Cóic Con. p. 3 , 10 - 11 . coic conara fugill fegaiter and .i. fir et dliged, cert ┐ techta ┐ coir n-athchomairc, Cóic Con. 15 § 1 . .v. sreth failsigthi na [con]aire fugill is choir n-athchomairc: coir n-athchomairc do-eclannar im cach solam sonaisc, acht ar-dloma deruisc fir foglamma fiss i.e. cóir n-a.¤ is chosen in a case which has been well-prepared and for which suitable guarantees have been given, provided this is the decision of one learned in law, 22 § 18 and p. 80. coic slechta .xx.et in chorusa fine, is ed acarair forin chonair fugill is choir n-athchomairc, 23 § 20. is siat a n-airge . . . raith fri techta, aitiri caomtachta fri coir n-athcomairc, § 21. ┐ ara ind hi as cetharda fris ngaibther athgabail: fir ┐ dligid, cert ┐ techta ┐ coir n-athcomairc; ar in coir n-athcomuirc is ainm coitcend doib uile du i mbeth corai fechemoin fri aithcomarc a breithi don breithemuin, Laws i 258.20 Comm. (cf. Cóic Con. p. 79 ). aidire caomtechta fri coir nathcomairc, 282.8 Comm. ecoir n-athcomairc, Cóic Con. 28R . cis lir gealla athcomairc? .i. o fechemuin ata na gealla so acht da geall o cintach nama, Laws ii 94.y . menma athchomairc `an enquiring mind', Tec. Corm. § 3.6 .

Cen a.¤ without (asking) permission: cach dichmairc .i. cach errach berar o neoch cen athcomarc, Laws ii 352.24 Comm. cen a.¤ don gillu, LU 5551 (TBC). gan a.¤ gan fhiafraigidh dá athair, AFM vi 2230.z . co ná diccseadh aon táirsibh . . . gan a.¤ `without examination', 1896.9 . ístait coin allta do chorp / isin écht gan athc[h]omarc wolves shall eat thy body for this deed without asking questions i.e. without more ado, ZCP xii 391.13 . Hence in sense of permission, consent: ind raibi athcomarc lat? `didst thou ask permission ?' Mon. Tall. 135.28 (§ 24) . munab athcomairc tuaithi teis .i. manab amlaidh dech inte arna a.¤ do da tuaith, O'Curry 2192 ( Eg. 88, 7(8)c ) `unless he goes with the consent of his tribe', Plummer MS. notes.

Sense not clear (perh. guard-house Celtica xviii 98 ) in: cethri doruis airri im-mach / . . . / frisin tetblai . . . / frisin cetna [a]thchomarcc (of the lawn of heaven), SR 407 . tri athchomairc cech doruis / . . . / fri cach clothalt . . . / a.¤ for cach oenmúr, 461 .

athlaime

Cite this: eDIL s.v. athlaime or dil.ie/4804

 

n (athlom) dexterity, agility, quickness: dirósced C. diib uile ocon cliss ar áne ┐ a.¤ , LU 10147 . ar deine ┐ a.¤ a marcachais, Alex. 251 . i n-a.¤ na fandle quickness of a swallow, TBC-LL¹ 528 . re ha.¤ a n-ogbad, MR 190.23 . lucht athlaimhe ar choraibh ceoil (of a choir of angels), DDána 17.19 . re ha.¤ a n-inggabala, TTebe 4477 . re hathloime na h-imgona, MR 268.5 .

athnugud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. athnugud or dil.ie/4844

 

vn. of athnuigid act of renewing, restoring: atnugadh marb `reviving of the dead', Blathm. 169 . a.¤ na fér ┐ na lubi, LU 2735 . roír in spirut naom a n-a.¤ , Hib. Min. 7.213 . atbeltais na huili cen a.¤ , Ériu ii 104 § 13 . tic tathellach tathlúgud . . . / atherruch fria athnúgud / combi 'na chrichaib coraib, SR 8119 . do idnaidi ind athnugthi transformation (Túan m. Cairill), LU 1315 . athnūgud na cell (: rathmūnud) restoration, KMMisc. 274 § 63 . Shortened metri gratia in: athnúd achaid don chaill chóir (heptasyll.) `reclaiming meadowland', Metr. Dinds. iv 148.28 . Cf. athnuud, Trip. 72.20 ( athsuud, Trip.² 785 ). do a.¤ na mur, LL 399a7 . Later with -núadad, -núadugad etc.: bíd mo thinnis ag athnuadhadh do shíor recurring, TSh. 4173 . an t-ímpire . . . d'athnúadh, Párl. na mB. 2422 . mo athnúadha ┐ mo sgíamhghlana, 2966 . d'aithnuadhadh nós ┐ reachta Éireann, Keat. iii 538 . dogēna Día are-sim a athnūadugud, BColm. 104.18 . athnuidiugud cairdesa fri Dia, RC xii 438 § 48 . athnuidiugud, BB 499a8 (cf. Alex. 945 ff. ). iar nathnuídiugad Ierusalem, LB 130b13 . glanrúin athnuidigthi in chinedu doenna, PH 2381 . d'athnuadhugudh in tsidha, CCath. 4582 . acc athnuadhucchadh a n-aitreabh, AFM vi 2186.11 . an t-ímpire . . . d'athnuachadh, Párl. na mB. 351 . athnuaidheachadh spioradalta, ITS xxix 110.17 .

Of revising a literary work: don Sinaind andseo íarna hathnuiged don u[g]dar amra, KMMisc. 196.11 (of a poem). Possibly also in athnúidhiughadh, LU 2768 , which, however, is taken by Edd. in sense of restoring the actual writing, see p. x n. and cf. culaid athnuaigthi, ibid. `implements of restoration', Plummer Colophons 25 .

athṡárgud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. athṡárgud or dil.ie/4865

 

n (sárugud) outraging again: noco choir duin as nach mud / atherruch dia athṡargud, SR 1546 .

báe, bá(a)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. báe, bá(a) or dil.ie/5125
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: bái

n io n.? (báe nde, Celtica xviii 42 § 8 ). Freq. in negative constructions and perh. originally meaning something, anything (of consequence, value, etc.) (cf. 1 ní (d)), the meaning profit , etc. being an extension. something advantageous ; benefit, utility, profit : bá .i. tarba, ut est ni beir in ben ba on fir dinnab cethraib .i. nocha mbeirinn in ben tarba on fir . . . ┐ ni toighlen ba don iarraid .i. tarba, O'Dav. 279. Cf. Laws ii 164.8 Comm. esbae . . . nī ba ní etir, quasi es-baa, Corm. Y 517. ba .i. maith, O'Cl. scel n-amhra . . . cen baa di goi `without a trace of a lie', Blathm. 102 § 37. ni torbe do bóu gl. ad nihil [enim] utile est, Wb. 30b6 . ní cumgat góa baa i cathroí anything at all, ZCP xi 83 § 30. ní roichim baa (.i. díghaltus nó cathugadh) fort I cannot gain by thee, v 524.18 . ní taurga ndam báa nde no good will come to me from it, Anecd. i 42.3 . nocho taircci baa dam, ii 9 § 13 . lanamnas eicne no sleithe: ni techtat ba acht comperta, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 71 § 35 ( Laws ii 404.14 ). a ba (.i. a maith), Laws i 50.13 Comm. bái nad ba an advantage that does not die (?), Metr. Dinds. ii 32.91 . béd combá glossed: gníomh co maith, Leb. Gab.(i) 48.10 . Eochu Bai bladach ba ba, Rawl. 148a2 . líag uachtair ba ba, LL 29008. b.¤ ferainn landed property: a mbai ferainn ┐ a cain ┐ a cablach their profit from land, LL 389a20 . cech cáin ┐ cech bai f[er]uinn (sic leg.), 23 .

In phrases. attá b.¤ do x de y y is advantageous to x: ní baí báa di (leg. do) sodain de sin, LU 6947 (BDD). bāi baa dō-sam de, O'Mulc. 726. ni roibe ba de sodain do L., IT i 272.25 ( FB 38 Eg.). cia rofessair h'athair ni fuil bá duit de, RC ix 456.19 . briathra banda sain arse ni ḟuil baa díb, LL 32733 ( TTr. 1942 ). ní bhaoí bá do sodhain, AFM vi 1900.3 . Cf. ni marat, ni fil a mbá, RC xxiii 304 § 2 (translated `there is not what has died'). ni bæ son it does not matter, Vita Br. 24.28 . ni baa aní sin, LU 4541 (TBC). ní bá sin or Cu C., 5723 . Cf. ní dénaimsea baa de sin I make light of that, 4849 = ní denam robríg de, TBC-LL¹ 859. nirbo baa dosom ón that was of no avail (of an injunction), LL 37040. hore nárbu bae la ludeu creitem did not want to believe, Wb. 5b12 . nirbo bá leiss sárgud meic sethar a athar he preferred not to, LL 32562 ( TTr. 1763 ).

Predic. and attrib. g s. ní bái lib manducare dominicam cenam `ye deem it not profitable', Wb. 11d4 . nī būi dō, Bruchst. 41 § 4 ( ni baoí ní dó, TFrag., 62.3 ). ? Dauid co triath[aib] darb' bai, SR 6353 (: na huamai). fó lóe in bruit bái of the good cloak, Thr. Ir. Gl. 20 s.v. fola brith. do sluagaibh in betha baoí (: mnaí), TBC St. 3748. ni bethu ba, LL 15775.

Compd. ? ¤ḟis. In pseudo-etym. gloss: corus bescna .i. coir seis, seis choir in bafesa gnae no aibind `the true rule of the pleasant or delightful knowledge', Laws iii 2.5 Comm.

? bárdéise

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? bárdéise or dil.ie/5412

 

n g s. : ní mó scuchaim do chóir churaidh / d'fheoil ná d'fhionna b.¤ , Ó Bruad. iii 144.6 (` art of a bard ').

biad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. biad or dil.ie/5813

 

Forms: bíad, bíad, biith, biid, biud, biada, bíadh, biadhna, biadhann, biadandaib, biadh

n Early forms disyll. o, n., later m. GOI § 105. n s. (disyll.), IT i 78.2 (LMU 17). bíad nErend, LU 9044 ( FB 79 ). a s. bíad, Wb. 6b24 . g s. biith, 9b23 , biid, 29b13 . d s. biud, Thes. ii 335.29 . a pl. biada, Wb. 6c7 . bíadh, m., IGT Decl. § 76. n pl. biadhna, IT i 6.30 . g pl. biadhann, Rosa Angl. 22.1 . d pl. biadandaib, BB 241a50 .

(a) food: biad graece bia (βίος, ed.) .i. uita , Corm. Y 176. biadh gl. cibus, Ir. Gl. 477. b.¤ .i. sath, O'Mulc. 156. is airi ni b.¤ doratus dúib gl. non escam, Wb. 8c6 . inna ndig et a mb.¤ gl. in cibo, 27a24 . ní tormult far mbíad, 18a10 . brothchán as chóir duib ní b.¤ bes [so]nairt `not strong meat', 33c15 . rogíuil a mb.¤ inna mbragait, Ml. 98b8 . donaib biadaib somailsib, 64c21 . cía . . . as téchtae do dénum biid ríg ? Críth G. 553. ní do bíad dorochtamar it is not thy food we have come for, LU 5650 (TBC). in tan bá mithig tabairt biid dóib, 10585 ( IT i 137.13 ). ni doid a sáith do biud she did not eat her fill, LMU 17.2 . fa baltnugud in bíd ┐ in lenna, MU² 671. cen dig, cen b.¤ , MacCarthy 60.20 . (disyll.) ronbáe b.¤, ronbai tlacht, SR 1557. airchra bíid no etaig, 4064 . (monosyll.) nicharfail tlacht no dagbíad, 1560 . do luaig bíd i tír n-Egept, 3440 . do būar, do brat, do bīudh (: trīur, disyll.), ZCP v 23 § 28. aire .uii. n-ech do braich ┐ biud, Irish Texts i 35.32 ( LL 36986 ). fer fo lind leis ┐ fer fó bíud ? `butler and pantler' (Plummer MS. notes), LL 7672 (TBC). biadh ┐ bitaille leis `food and drink', Stair Erc. 1777. caitiat a mbiadu ? Lite doib uile . . . inund a mbiathu uile . . . gruitin, im nuadh . . . mil, Laws ii 148.20 Comm. atat dún tra biada brechtnaigt[h]i, Alex. 1007. biath na nGall, Ériu iii 140.21 . ecad .i. saith ēcca .i. biad n-ēcca .i. pisci perishable (?) food, O'Mulc. 355. gléasuigh sí a bíadh `provideth her meat', Proverbs vi 8. beatha gan bhiadh (i.e.) immortal life, DDána 19.8 . ní mhothaigh bél blas ar bhiúdh (: iúl), IGT Decl. ex. 1591. biadh bríoghmhar do dhíleághadh `solid food', Donlevy vii 1. fodder of animals: slan dona robaib . . . in b.¤ caithid, Laws iii 262.17 Comm. biadha . . . don asal (= cibaria . . . asino, Eccles. xxxiii 25 ), TSh. 1873.

In phr. arbar biid corn for food, fodder (as opp. to malt): di grán arbae biid, Críth G. 254. da chess lana do braich ┐ do arbur biid, Irish Texts i 35.31 .

(b) Legal refection, food(-rent) due from client to lord; food-levy, tribute of food (see ZCP xiv 336 and bíathad): meth mbid na flatha failure (to fulfil an obligation of supplying) food to the `flaith', ZCP xviii 405.6 . cach mb.¤ cuna dilsi, Laws ii 234.13 ( ZCP xiv 346 § 7 ). i[s] saer iat ar cinaid a mbid `exempt from the liability of (supplying) food', iii 112.19 Comm. airligud bid dia tecmai daim i n-agoi a erco (one of the seven `borrowings' that may involve honour-price if not repaid in time), v 372.14 . bīadh ūathaib gacha rāithe, ZCP viii 16 § 4. do chísaib ┐ do bhiathaib Laigen and so `refections', Leb. Cert. 216.15 . nochaḟuil saoire ar biadh i n-urradus amail ata a cain. Ocus is uime ata sin, tusca biadh i n-urradus na biadh cana, Cóic Con. 66. 17 . See aurradus, céilsine.

Compds. With nouns. bidhcheardcha (`leg. biadh-ch. lit. food-forge ', ed.) `a tavern or tipling house', Eg. Gl. 726. gaphann (henbane) .i. bīad-guin .i. bīad gonus amal gāi, O'Mulc. 613. biadogam .i. bairgen, leamnacht etc., `Food Ogham,' Auraic. 5805. With adj. a fhlaith Bréifne biadhbhuige `food-lavish land', Magauran 843 .

bisech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bisech or dil.ie/5964

 

Forms: bisex, biseach, biseach

n later form of bisex. See Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 218. biseach m., IGT Decl. § 55. increase, addition; improvement, betterment, progress: bliadain bissich leap-year, Ann. Inisf. 1024.1 . Ann. Conn. 1224.1 . tusa do bheith do bhiseach ar a chíos `an addition to his tribute', RC xxix 142 § 63. as ī in fāisidin menicc nach lēicind bisich fair (i.e. the `leabar beg' in which sins of clerics are recorded) additions (?), Anecd. iii 8.9 . b.¤ . . . galair ┐ guasachta, ZCP vi 26.25 . biseac a soluis tiar `the increase of its light' (the moon), Ir. Astr. Tr. 90.2 . biseach = augmentatio (Gloss.), Parrth. Anma 5065. biseach síne i n-aimsir earrchamhail improvement, DDána 83.14 . fa maith biseach ré búaladh (of a newly-forged blade), Duan. F. ii 10 § 33. le primidil huile bhisigh = first fruits of all thine increase, Proverbs iii 9. do bhí b.¤ ar an mac sin `that boy throve', Lism. L. 3013. dímarcraidh lesaighti no bisidh ata uire (of the worth of a calf), Laws iv 92.20 Comm. ni ruc buaid na bissech dóib advantage , TBC-LL¹ 3484. ní maith biseach Báothghalaigh / gidh liter nír léghasdair progress, IGT Decl. ex. 1399. rí in borrfada sin bissig `of magnificence and betterment, Arch. Hib. ii 84 § 29. dob áil le fer na husarachta dul a mb.¤ to become more prosperous, PH 7584. biseach, tarbha, buidhne, Eg. Gl. 76. in bile buada bisig, SG 388.7 . go ngairm bhisigh `of flourishing renown' (Gloss.), O'R. Poems 2707. bert bisigh, IGT Decl. ex. 195. biseach na (= ná) sláinte, TSh. 1703.

In phrases: dá bhfuil an fhéile ar biseach increasing, O'R. Poems 1058. ní san aois budh nóin do neach / budh chóir a bhaois ar biseach not in the evening of a man's age should his folly be mending, Dán Dé xxii 6 . conid iat boi for b.¤ ann .i. in gorta ┐ na crechaire, LB 154b21 . ag breith bhisigh (bhisich, MS.) ` ever-growing ', Magauran 1857 . ag breith bissigh neirt ┐ láidireachda, Mac Aingil 747 .

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