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aigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aigid or dil.ie/933
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: -ebla-, ro-da-acht, acta, egar, ægtair, eigid, áin, aige, aiged

v ( Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 451 ). Fut. stem -ebla-, see GOI p. 403 . t-pret. ro-da-acht, LL 201a37 . (See ZCP xxviii 11 ). Pass. pl. acta, ZCP iii 46.2 . The follg. forms may be influenced by saigid: indic. pres. pass. sg. egar, Laws ii 128.1 Comm. pl. ægtair, LL 11455 . ?3 pl. act. ni eigid (for -agat, Thurn. but context seems to require 3 s.), ZCP xiii 264.4 and note. Conjunct forms in this vb. could also belong to ad-aig which has no prototonic formations. See also Language xvi 209 .

Vn. áin, aige, aiged.

(a) drives, impels: ēiti agathar (agatair, LU) . . . cichi aig, TBC-I¹ 1081 . scéo damaib ágat scéo mnaib berat, LU 5468 = agad, TBC-I¹ 992 . mná bertair bae ægtair, TBC-LL¹ 4722 . is cú airgdech aiges / is carptech glan geibes, 3328 . cid dás in ríg nad aig eochu as a tír, SG 411.6 . dia n-acht na hercca Iuchba, ZCP iii 41.24 . athgabail egar tar crich, airm in agar . . ., Laws ii 128.1 Comm. aig brot for in n-echraid ┐ sneid slaitt forru ply a goad, LL 12742 . acta fri alla argait `they were driven against . . .', ZCP iii 46.2 . a mu Buach / aiges in tond frisin mbruach, Anecd. i 12.19 . aigthi (atchi v.l) in cath for feraib Muman he gains a battle over the M., RC xxiv 184.9 . cuirther cath / bha chossaib aráile / ebhlatt ar réim, TBC-LL¹ 5747 = eblait a réim, 5842 . cia doneidis cronan coir / ni eigid doib a fiachu it does not drive in their debts to them (of old men), ZCP xiii 264.4 (see above under forms). uig in gabair n-uidir `drive the dun horse', RC ix 466.21 (but see uic) ? With cogn. acc. ilmuine ana aiges, Laws ii 72.8 .

(b) celebrates (games, rites etc.): is ē eblas in aige `it is he who shall celebrate the celebration', Ériu xvi 147.3 . cluche . . . aigdit fri fín n-imborbag, Imr. Brain § 41 . agar Tailltin gin cairpi (imthiagor . . . chairpte, v.l.) let T. be held, ZCP xiii 278.22. is céte óenaig agair, Metr. Dinds. iii 270.9 . agait grafaind they hold a horse-race, Anecd. i 54.28 . agtair cluicheda ┐ ferthair graifni ind oenaig, LL 274a12 . agat clesamnaig perform, LU 3242 ( SCC § 3 ); cf. aghaid .i. áonaighid no bíd go subhach, O'Cl. Of funeral rites: rocuindig . . . airm i n-adnaicfidea co n-agtais a hāenach, Dinds. 18 ( RC xv 311 ). cladar a ḟert ┐ sāitir a liaa . . . ┐ aghair a gubae, TBC-I¹ 1231 . roacht a guba ┐ a nasadh la Lug, BB 403a35 . līnfaid caumu (= cuma grief ?) chridi a rigna, tuidicfaid eblaid a samgubae, TBC-I¹ 3450 . ro hagad a ceapog ┐ a cluíchi caenteach ┐ ro-saigidh a lía, BB 259a38 .

(c) raises (a cry etc.): ar écnairc ind rígsa / frisnagar an núallsa, Fél. Ep. 406 . ard a nuall / aiges im Choire da Ruad, Anecd. i 12.25 . ro acht in cloch a torand oc teacht suas, YBL 121b24 .

(d) prosecutes, performs; sets going: roacht marbad in L. `L.'s murder was brought about', ZCP iii 2 § 1 . na da err eblait ēcht ar ēcht who will perform exploit on exploit, Sc.M² § 15 . Cú na cerda boí hi cacht chró / ed rosnacht oc sár-gubo `this it was that set them wailing', Metr. Dinds. iv 220.6 . d'aigh . . . aca nincrechad began to rebuke them, SG 30.15 . ba hóglaochrad . . . achtatar an chomairli sin .i. aisic a chreiche . . . do M. who urged that advice, Anecd. ii 73.1 . cachain in druí détla / cétla imda oraib / sund in cach amm agair `as it is told here at all times', Metr. Dinds. iv 214.51 . pleads (at law): æ aiges, æ mides `ae that sues', Auraic. 408 . Note also: aigh .i. iaraigh, Stowe Gl. 217 . aid .i. iarraid, Lec. Gl. 416 .

(e) a.¤ imm gathers around, surrounds: agait mór a maccáin / imm Ultan . . ., Fél. Sept. 4 . cenmotha dano in gilla urdairc imma n-agat fir Herend .i. Cuchullain, Ériu iv 28 § 20 . coica sémech immi agtait, LL 4980 .

(f) spends time: d'aig innti an aidchi sin, SG 30.33 .

(g) In phrase aig taig see 1 taig.

airlamaigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airlamaigid or dil.ie/2170

 

Forms: airlamugud

v (airlam) prepares, makes ready (trans.): roerlamaigit (ro hurlaimead v.l.) leis a grega ┐ a damrada, RC xiii 88 § 106 . roerrlamhaidh I. sciath gle gel, x 184.4 . itchondcadar mo shuile int slanti do orlamaich tu a fiadnaisi nann-uile pobul `quod parasti' YBL 148b31 . go ro erlamhaightís na harbhanna `that they might save the corn crops', AFM vi 2212.21 . Esp. of preparing food: roerlamhaigh biadh do Brigit, Lism. L. 1461 . ro hurlumaiged bandsi, TTebe 703 . roerlamaigset in cháisc, PH 5043 . ro iorlamhaighsit . . . do bhior ┐ do choire , TFrag. 72.14 . fo aicnedh na trebhe in ro urlamaighidh mbraich, O'D. 523 ( H 3.17, c. 425 ). ro tarlait a teinti ┐ ro h-urrlamaigit a cairig, Mer. Uil. 17 . go ro urlamhaigh Dobhtha . . . an proinn dona cléircibh, BNnÉ 24 § 7 .

Rarely intrans. ra iorlamhaigh dano Cerbhall ar amus an catha sain, TFrag. 176.12 . Vn. airlamugud.

béim

Cite this: eDIL s.v. béim or dil.ie/5566
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: béime

(-mm) n, n. vn. of benaid, see GOI § 735. b.¤ m. and f., g s. and n p. béime, IGT Decl. § 45 (g s. ex. 572, d s. ex. 693).

(a) act of striking; cutting, hewing, taking (off, away), removing, stripping (clothes, etc.): beim a cinn fri cloich gl. capita petrís inlidant, Ml. 139c3 . la beim dom churp cuimnech `at the smiting of my mindful body', Fél.² Ep. 363. fo-loimetar a b.¤ cosna claidbib they threaten to smite him, BDD² 1206. ba b.¤ cride fri cliab leis (of fear), TBC-LL¹ 1038. iarna beím dó asa fremaib (of an oak), Sc.M² 18R . oc bēim ḟeda, TBC-I¹ 778. fertais carpait do bēimim (béim, LU), 780 . a chenn do bēim (bein, v.l.) de, Sc.M² 7. dixit cend Lomnae drūith īarna bēimeim de, Corm. Y 1018 (87.4) . iar mbeim a chind do Ch. `after striking off C.'s head', Ériu ii 30 § 13. a ndrisi ┐ a ndraigne do beim dib (of land), Laws i 128.9 Comm. im beim adbar droichit `cutting the materials for a bridge', 134.27 Comm. b.¤ .i. búain, O'Cl.

Special applications: sesem ic beim in cluic, Thes. ii 346.38 . oc b.¤ tened, BDD² 480. b.¤ spréde, 487 . tene an aonbeime .i. Aodh (see áed), Anecd. ii 52.1 . iar mbēim eiti when he flaps his wings, ZCP vii 310 § 7. dóṡuidigthi .i. cechtar nái foleith cen b.¤ foscdæ innalaill (gl. apposita) without (the one) casting a shadow on the other (of genders of oppidum and Suthul), Sg. 63a15 . íar bēim dei a lēned having taken off his tunic, TBC-I¹ 1387 . a etach . . . do beim do na corpaib, Laws i 176.7 Comm. ní maith lim-sa a manaig do bēim ar L. `to deprive L. of his monks', BColm. 84.16 . ? ni fess mo bunad ria beím `I know not my race to proclaim it', Ériu vii 225.19 .

(b) blow, stroke; cut: bemmen gl. ictús, Ml. 39c17 . bémen dígle . . . nímmalle act is cach ae fo leith .i. coic cethorchuit béimmen `blows of punishment . . . five forties of blows', Wb. 17d2 . ind mbemmi a glancing blow, LL 11091 ( TBC-LL¹ 4285 ). fer benas dam óenbeímmim `at a single blow' (Vocab.), Críth G. 557. is ē nobenfad a crand ōen bēim (óenbéimim, LU) dia bun, TBC-I¹ 339. b.¤ búirid fri teora sústa iarnae they strike a blow with three iron flails, BDD² 1270. co tarat beim ( la tabairt beimen, FB 39 Eg.), LU 8536. dobert b.¤ dind echfleisc dó, 3287 ( SCC 8 ). benaim bēimend ágmara / for slōg síabra, TBC-I¹ 1686 ( LU 6170 ). roben a teora mǣla Midi da thrī bēmennaib, TBC-I¹ 3603. in treas beimennd Fergusa . . . .i. na tri maola Midhi, it e na tri beimenna, Anecd. ii 52.13 . dá cét mbéimen for láma (of penitential exercises), Ériu i 197.5 . cin coisi, di bemium `crime of foot, by kicking', Laws i 238.11 . doradad iarsin b.¤ dara munel cor beanad a cheand de, RC xxiv 56.1 . beim co commus (one of Cú Chulainn's feats), Ériu iv 30.12 . beim fo clos `some kind of military exploit' (Plummer MS. notes), BB 488b22 . co mbeim léoman (rhetoric), LU 5442 , TBC-I¹ 966. bēimm dobeir nathair do neoch an adder's sting for someone, Bruchst. 22 § 48 ( IT iii 78 § 48 ). fri b.¤ n-aéla thrust (of a fleshfork into a cauldron), LL 38376 ( RC xiii 58 ). ráinic b.¤ ǽile fon choire do Conall, RC xxix 219.19 . B. breo betha buadaig / beim in æl airimh ænuigh, Lism. L. 3464. rus-bean bem da heirr `struck . . . with a stroke of its tail' (of a serpent), TTebe 2074 . gearraidh sí (i.e. a scythe) d'aon-bh. an feóithne ┐ an fochnagán, TSh. 2644.

Extended applications: Bemenda Branduib i mBreghaib (i.e. ` seven battles', ed.), RC xvii 163.12 . Bemenna B. i mBreaghaibh, AFM i 222.6 . brogais Bernsa b.¤ don maig `advanced a pace', Metr. Dinds. iii 92.39 . bēim graece bemandro .i. pasus (leg. passus), O'Mulc. 140. bēim didiu .i. césad nó foditiu (through confusion with Lat. passio ?), ibid. b.¤ .i. céim, O'Cl. bēim, cēim `a step', Eg. Gl. 717 (see Ériu xi 119) . beim beg do breathaibh crolighi annso (title of passage consisting of extracts from commentaries on Bretha Crólige, see Ériu xii 2 ), O'Curry 305 (H 3.18, 167). Cf. beimm cenelach lessom anisiu `this is a general remark (?),' Thes. ii 39.22 .

(c) In legal contexts determination, decision, definition, rule, statement (?): b.¤ .i. cinneadh, O'Cl. beim tuathi do nartaiched aicne .i. in cinnedh doní in tuath on aigne dia toirithín, O'Curry 444 (H 3.18, 238b). beim naillech nad nertad tuatha deter- mination, assertion (?) by oath, Laws i 232.1 (and 234.6 Comm.). beim nailliuch . . . .i. noill cinnti . . . .i. in luighe cinnedh (in tuath), O'D. 105 (H.3.17, 86). b.¤ sét ro slanaige tuathband, 576 (443). beim .i. cinne (leg. cinned, Stokes), beim sochaidi ro sluagaigh (leg. slanaigh) tuathbann .i. is cinne sochaidhi, O'Dav. 311. beim sochaidh ro slanaigh tuathbann .i. ro slanaigh in dliged so co obund is na tuathaib. Cail mar cuirfidh in bec sin re cheile. In beim annsa roscadh inand he ┐ in dliged ata sa fasach. In tobonn ata sa fasach is inand ┐ in beim mar in cetna, O'Curry 2113 (H.4.22, 79a). beim sochuir ro slánaigh tuathband ┐ do garar nos la curaibh cosmailsi, O'D. 533 (H. 3.17, 431) `the striking [?] of a good contract which public law validates', Plummer MS. notes. beim tairbe na tarrathar .i. bem so tairben cluais na tarruith nech adidceth, O'Curry 879 ( H 3.18, 394a ).

(d) In various special phrases: b.¤ n-asclaing see asclang. b. císa a rate (?) (levying ?) of tribute: ben do beim císa orainn, Lism. L. 3195 . Cf. (c) supra. b.¤ n-écndaig, cf. (e): ba ussa . . . a dilgud sein oldaas beim n-ecnaich for Dia `blasphemy of God', Ériu ii 122 § 63. See écndach. b.¤ forais (see forus): b.¤ foris inso sís uile all that follows is a laying down, or statement, of rules, Wb. 25c18 . aphorism: forus .i. forismus graece sermo breuis latine ipocrāit (?) no excerptio interpretatur unde dicitur adcomced beim foruis fair (see Gwynn, KMMisc. 183 ), Rawl. 108b36 , O'Mulc. 578. b.¤ súl(a) (see s.v. súil): gebis galur Dauid . . . tria béimm súla ┐ tria aídcell anfhoill, LB 129a15 . treisi an b.¤ súla iná sin the evil (?) (envious ?), eye can go further (lit. is stronger) than that (?), Bard. Synt. Tr. 219.17 .

(e) Fig. blow, stroke of feeling, emotion; reproach, offence (with FOR, AR); blemish, fault, disgrace: beim di omhon, Ériu ii 134 § 118. in bem dimecin dorat L. fair, BB 416a16 . dorat . . . aithis ┐ beim forsan coicedh n-uili, Sc.M² R 14 . benais M. b.¤ n-aisce fair reproached him, TBC-LL¹ 472. beim ar a ecna `offence à sa science', RC xxiv 377.29 . b.¤ .i. égnach no toibhéim, O'Cl. , Eg. Gl. 718. is b.¤ ar inchaib na h-atharda, MR 300.31 . fagail beime ni dual di she should not receive reproach, ZCP ii 337.22 . ní b.¤ ar Bh. `no reproach to B.', TD 6. 17 . le a dtréithibh gan bh.¤ ar bioth, Hackett lv 13 . ná bíodh 'na bh.¤ air ar n-obadh, IGT Decl. ex. 693. buain béime ar mo bhogha-sa `that you have undertaken to revile my bow', Content. xxiv § 22 .

Compd. ¤scrisad: do bhéimsgriosadh . . . le tréan-thuile mhóir violently snatched away, O'Rah. 44.5.

1 bir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bir or dil.ie/5933
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: biur, biur, ṁbir, biur, beura, bear, bearann

n u, n. Later m. O. Ir. biur, b.¤ a s. biur, TBC-I¹ 1255 , a nōmad ṁbir , 1258 . d s. biur, LU 5733. n a p. beura, Sg. 67b11 ( GOI 198 ). b.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 71. g p. bear, ex. 1544 , bearann (: fearann), ex. 1541 .

Stake, spit; point; spear; spike: beura gl. sudes, Sg. 67b11 . sudum .i. inna[m]bir, Gild. Lor. 152. bir a ueru , O'Mulc. 151. braga .i. b.¤ -āga. Aige ainm b.¤ , Corm. Y 161. berid .ix. mbera culind . . . laiss nine spits of holly (for use as spears), LU 5726. sríd N. biur for C.C., 5728 . for rind in bera, 5729 . focheird-sium b.¤ for C., TBC-LL¹ 1947. biaid do chend ar bir, 3476 . for rindriis na mbera, LU 5733. gan nach n-arm . . . acht b. iairn ina láim, TBC-LL¹ 4245. beara iaraind, Todd Nenn. 60.3 . coica bera ara mbái rind / tuc leis do beraib cáirthind, RC vii 300.9 , 10 . nochan fuaratar b.¤ na bundsach isin tsligid-sin, Ann. Conn. 1225.12 . secht mbeara fiched d'iaron aithleghtha, RC xxix 124 § 27. co mberaib gera iairn `with sharp spikes of iron', PH 1240. bera bodba biraithi `darts', Cog. 160.27 . do soighdib . . . ┐ do beraib birgéra ┐ do laighnibh . . . lánmóra, Acall. 2829 v.l. do hinnledh na beara ┐ na r[e]anna uile ar a cheann `spears and darts', RC xxix 124 § 31. an bior ar nach rabha rinn, DDána 3.38 . agá dtreaghdadh do bhearaibh troma teinntidhe (one of the pains of hell), TSh. 1979. gin bera gin slegadh `stakes or spikes', Laws i 304.17 Comm. i ninde bera na corad stake of the (fishing) weir, Ériu xvii 68 § 9.12 ( Laws iv 212.12 Comm. ) ineich doberar a ind in uisci, for ind in bera, in t-iasc, Laws v 478.8 Comm. go mbearuibh omhna `with wooden shafts' (notes), O'R. Poems 684. mé do lá b.¤ 'na bonnaib `I thrust a spike into His feet', Ériu iv 114.21 . lorg bear a bhonn mbeoghonta, DDána 54.14 . sa derna do bhí fan mbir (: fuilngir), IGT Decl. ex. 1149. b.¤ bodba `warlike point', TTebe 2818 . acht muna faice bera no slega `unless he saw the dangerous thing', (lit. `spikes or spears',) Laws i 178.15 Comm. iii 500.23 Comm. Cf. beara .i. sleagha, O'Cl.

Cooking or roasting spit: b.¤ bruinnes, LL 3649 (see Petrie Tara, Plate 8). b.¤ co lúdh, YBL 419a27 (Petrie Tara 189, 5-9). b.¤ Neithin, fulacht na Morrígna, inneóin in Dagda `N.'s spit', Triads 120 . ro iorlamhaighsit . . . do bhior ┐ do choire by roasting and boiling, TFrag. 72.15 . féoil om ar beraib ca[e]rthind `on spits of rowan', RC vii 300.16 . láeig beca ar beraib / a fedaib Cáibden, LL 37949 ( SG 364.33 ).

Other applications: fūaratar bās do beruib / ōn muic dísgir druimremuir `by the tusks' (of a boar), Fianaig. 54.19 . dothuit hi Fidga . . . di bir ois antler (?), ZCP xii 238 § 63. earca brech biathuis da b.¤ .i. gai `countless wolves fed he with his spear' ( MS. Mat. 481.11 ), LL 380b38 = LL 6398. `plug or tent for a wound (?),' TBC St. Gloss.: do lingetar a bera (sic leg., ed.) dhe, ib. 4905 . Expld. as hand in B. na f.: beara (.i. lāmha) nach lang (.i. fada), ZCP v 484 § 6 (= ZCP iii 378.13 ). Of dressing for a wound (or a tent ?): do lingeatar a bhera de co raithin cinn bera, Éigse ix 186 n. 14 (24 P 4 p. 211) .

Compds. With nouns: foghluim an bhiorchleasa `dart- feat', RC xxix 126 § 32. barrthagar / birchogad, IT iii 105 § 208 . bir-crand (.i. in berb-crand, 484.18 Comm.) treige n-urcomail, Laws v 482.28 . biorchrainn caola slender arrows, DDána 111.23 . do gaínib ┐ birínib ┐ slegínib ┐ birchruadib `hard points' (Táin 2222), TBC-LL¹ 2544 = LU 6401. bir chúaille (? birch.) `sharp spike', Imr. Brain 65.28 . garbeccur grainemail do birfiaclaib barrglassa `of spiky teeth', CCath. 4027. Trí Bior-ghaoithe an Bháis `Three Shafts of Death' (here perh. in sense of tent for a wound, C. O'Rahilly, Éigse ix 186 ), TSh. p. 1. le racht biorghlóir `in sharp-voiced rage', Ó Bruad. iii 212.14 . sída is sróll . . . / sréin is buabae is birtenga, some kind (or part) of horse's headdress (?), SG 249.21 . ? Leg. bir-theng[th]a cooking-spits (?) Fil Súil nGlais 51 .

With adjj.: in torc . . . cusna fiaclaibh bir-athi, Laws v 444.16 Comm. eich . . . bir-cheanda with pointed heads, Leb. Cert. 212.10 . do bogadaib bircennaip, CCath. 5442. cor bo birḟocus cach fonnud issin charput sin next to a point, TBC-LL¹ 2544. do gháibh bega birghéra, Acall. 1802. do beraib bodba birguirt rinnaithi keen-pointed, CCath. 3154. See berach (b).

bóige

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bóige or dil.ie/6299

 

n [io] cup, small vessel, cauldron: bóge .i. ainm do choire ṡainnte dorigned lasin æs cerda. ise din cruth a mbíd .i. nóe slabraid ass ┐ niba moasom oldás cend cingite moire, brefe din for cind cacha slabraid ┐ nonbar æsa cerda ina sessam uimme oc cantain (no ocur) na cléri co rínd gæi cach (æn) fir tria brefe cach ṡlabraid ba nessa dó. ┐ intí iarom doberead rath doib ba hisin coiresin doberead. unde dicitur coire sainnte. Ba hé din a lán cóir in choire .i. bretnasc bánóir da uinge dég, Thr. Ir. Gl. 7 = Corm. Y 141. See RC xx 422.18 - 27 (Stokes, Bodl. ACC) for Caire Sainti `Caldron of Greed.' bóge din ainm do ballan bec a mbidís .v. ungi oir, issed (no sech) no bíd fri hól sainlenda ass. ┐ nobíd din fri géll do ḟilid .i. do ollam. Unde dicitur i mBrethaib Nemid ballan baisse boge (.v. ṅuinge banoir), Thr. Ir. Gl. 7 = Corm. Y 142 . Cf. ballan boise boighe cuig uinge, O'D. 2215 (Nero A vii, 148a). boige .i. caire, Goid. 76 ( Dúil Laithne 75 ). boighi .i. oibne, bidh boighi .i. caire sainti, ut est ballan boisi boighi .u. uingi `a `b.¤' is a small vessel with a handle (weighing) five ounces', O'Dav. 201.

bréc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bréc or dil.ie/6611

 

Forms: bréci

n ā, f. GOI § 209. falsehood, lie; deception: fabhall .i. brég, Eg. Gl. 634. is tri intleda ┐ bréic dagniat gl. callide, Ml. 28c8 . ní radat som fri sudib acht breic ┐ togais, ref. to subdola, 31a18 . 61a6 . in sacart nád b.¤ `the true priest' (of Christ), Blathm. 805. is b.¤ bríg in domain `the might of the world is a lie', Fél. Prol. 145. is b.¤ uile acht Issucán, 44.13 . conid b.¤ amlaid sin cétfaid na fairni út the interpretation . . . given by those authorities is wrong, LU 5022 in marg. ni bui do bréic in betha frecnairc cosmailius etc. in all the pomp of this world, Alex. 631. apair friu . . . co n-id b.¤ in ni ro-raidis, PH 2245. is ed a ḟir . . . ┐ is edh on a brecc the right view . . . the wrong view of it, IT iii 86 § 86. mass ar brēic atām if we are on a false track, ACL iii 241 § 4. ( Aithd. D. 70 ). irnaidi fri bréic a false expectation, TFerbe 800 . ni do brécaib a slight invention (?), exaggeration (?), Metr. Dinds. iii 104.25 . saor ó bhréig an bheatha ché `free from the deceits of this world', Dán Dé v 48 . nombeir a breig a durnn Cuculaind (sic) takes himself by guile out of C.'s hand (?), RC vi 183.19 . a mbréic falsely , BCC 353. labhras bréaga = that speaketh lies, Proverbs vi 19. brég thairngire `a lying forecast', O'Gr. Cat. 392.25. is bréag bhuan ar bhréig dhiombuain (of poetry), DDána 72.18 . lucht na mbréag scandal-mongers , Dánta Gr. 38.13 . In chevilles: ni bu breg, Blathm. 387. ní breg (: cēt), MacCarthy 434 § 5 .

Attrib. g s. lying, false; sham; fraudulent: bres bréci `a lying noise', Metr. Dinds. iv 48.15 . no-melltais na dee bréce-sin na doine, PH 1949. ulcha smeartha .i. feasog bhreige, RC xv 63.23 . galar bréige `feigned illness', Atlantis iv 118.34 . maith bhréige an bheatha `life's deceitful show', Dán Dé xxviii 40 . sgath bhrēige `a blossom that will bear no fruit' (Gloss.), O'R. Poems 1293. fíadhnuisi bhréige = false witness, Mk. xiv 56. mic breice suppositious son, BCC 353. bás bréige do léigean chugat `to feign death', Keat. ii 2510 . See turbaid.

With prec. vb. and follg. prep.: nataibred cách . . . bréic immalaile gl. nolite mentiri inuicem, Wb. 27b12 . ni tartat sénsus breíc im anmin gl. ad fallendum, Thes. ii 2.33 (Acr.). sochaide ma tar[a]t bréic whom she (Findabair) played false, LL 10482 (TBC). maircc dā ttabhair an bith bréicc, KMMisc. 346.20 . immumsa rabertad in b.sa on me the trick has been played, TBC-LL² 3801 . cid do chana duit in b.¤ do imbirt form to deceive me, LU 5054 (TBC). brég do cuireadh ar Cloinn E. the C. E. were slandered, IGT Introd. 5.28 . do chur choire brēige air a false accusation, Parrth. Anma 1430. an té . . . do chuireas breug air ` slandering ', Donlevy 108.11 . ni dingen brég ar mo gelladh `I will not break my promise', Stair Erc. 680.

Compds. With nouns: bréigbhreath `an unjust judgement', Keat. iii 518. dar mbreith ór mbréigceanaibh `deceitful sins', Aithd. D. 72.2 . mar atá an bréag-chrábhadh = quod est hypocrisis ( Luc. Phars. xii 1 ), TSh. 8926. na bréig-dhealbha false images, 820 . ná déin bréigfhiaghnuisi ar neach do not bear false witness against . . ., Mac Aingil 3102 . an brēcḟine lying tribe, ZCP viii 211.7 . de . . . briathraib brec-ingill ban cendḟind Connacht of a false promise, TBC-LL¹ 4019. an bhréig-insi lér fhaoi Art beguiling isle (Éire), Studies 1921, 75 § 18 . brethem an brēclaithi / ūair a mbīa an brāth, ZCP viii 210.29 . brēclasrach borb, 211.8 . díol na mbréagrann `deceitful poems', Aithd. D. 43.9 . timoircid na brec-scela, PH 724. dorat brecṡíth dó `gave him a false peace', Trip. 46.18 . cumad bréc-thechtairecht braflaingi do berad, MR 178.6 . lá bréccthingealltoibh `by specious promises', AFM vi 1998.20 .

1 caire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 caire or dil.ie/7903

 

Forms: cair, coire, coire, coir

n , f. Later also with n a d s. cair. Cf. coire, IGT Verbs § 83 . As vn. fath iar mbeirt bheith ag coire / mun gcath ar ceann Máonmhuighe, ex. 829 . Cf. 2 corach. Treated as two separate words in IGT: coire f., IGT Decl. § 3 . coir f., § 14 . Later also with dental inflexion.

(a) crime, fault, sin : in cairi gl. notam iniquitatis puplicae, Ml. 28c6 . cinid fil chairi linn gl. nos alienos á culpa, 30a2 . ind ainsemo .i. inna c.¤ gl. accussationis, 34a18 . nin-arraim ar chairi do `as a reproach', 49c9 . ho chairi gl. nota (pudoris), 55b9 . an chair cuires nech a nadhaig duine, dligidh pian na c.¤ sin d'íc, O'D. 765 ( H 3.17, 549 ). fo chrithdelm ch.¤ , SR 1767 . ar son choire mo chēile, ZCP xii 382.1 . frisin cair ┐ frisin míclu `blame', CCath. 5068 . nemh-ghortaighthi o chairthibh na colla, BNnÉ 68.39 . atá ar gcuirrthedh a-bhfiadhnuisi Dé, RC xxiii 20.19 (g p. ] with omission after atá?). d'innlāgad / colla co līn a coire (: Muire), ACL iii 311 § 3 . fonn na coire `depth of guilt', BNnÉ 263.19 . combuaidredh peine ┐ c.¤ reatus poenae et culpae , Smaointe B. Chr. 4077 . go ffuiccheadh maithemhnas . . . in gach coir da nderna gó sin (of political offence), AFM vi 2110.10 . derbhthar na cairthe, RSClára 132b .

Med.: a n-aimsir na tri caired so amail ata frighus ┐ rigor ┐ oiripilasio, RC xlix 50 § 1 (? leg. cáiled qualities, Ed.).

With qual. adj. or gen.: gur choir bháis ar dhuine caidreabh . . . ré tréatúir capital offence, TSh. 3495 . Cf. ar c.¤ criadbāis against mortal sin(?), ACL iii 219 § 1 . mur doshǽrais . . . Subhsanna on cair breige false accusation, ZCP vi 97.20 . ó choir bhréige, Timth. 1916, 39 § 33 . c.¤ chennda see cen(n)da. c.¤ cholnaide. see colnaide. coir mhenman `an offence of heart voluntary', Eg. Gl. 132 . coirthe na sinnsear, TSh. 5339 . As descriptive gen.: fer coire criminal, BNnÉ 4.1 v.l. bás na coire ┐ bás na péine, TSh. 985 . ofráil choire sin-offering , Levit. v 6 .

(b) In quasi-adj. phrases. cen chair(ib) blameless, innocent, flawless : a Chríst cen ch.¤ namchar `sinless', Metr. Dinds. iii 374.105 . gairm cen ch.¤ , RC xxxvi 262 § 13 . cen ch.¤ ceilge, LL 20808 . beith cen cair cen dualce, Grail 3235 . co cairi faulty, blameworthy : ní dal co c.¤ , Anecd. i 72 § 195 . maistrecha gu coiri, ACL iii 240 § 2 . fo chairib id.: ni sinn dotrat fo chairib who caused thee to be in disgrace (Eve to Lucifer), SR 1737 . C. fo chairib don chin `under blame for the crime' (of killing), Metr. Dinds. iv 94.17 .

In chevilles: cadla in c.¤ , ZCP xii 245 § 6 . rád gan ch.¤ , Aided M. 908 . mó cach c.¤ , Metr. Dinds. ii 32.73 . fiche bliadan a cóic cen chair, LL 15604 ( Trip. 538.24 ).

(c) Use in follg. not clear: nī bu cair Banchath Brígach, Thes. ii 327.17 ( Hy. v 5 ) `not dear (to her) was(?) vehement women's war'. im c.¤ feibe, Laws v 438.22 .i. im c.¤ na flatha, 440.4 Comm. (`what his dignity deserves'). c.¤ cail, O'D. 512 ( H 3.17, 416 ). forcain nó forgab itir dá cair .i. biadh frithir itir domnach [i]nede ┐ cétain, O'Dav. 983 (? leg. cairche, Stokes). domun duthuin a lainde / comul c.¤ cét cuire `perishable gathering', Metr. Dinds. i 28.2 . for fotla for c.¤ (fínd gaill, v.l.) for huill, IT iii 17 § 44 . dlighidh imreson edorgaire c.¤ , Ériu xiii 22.8 . c.¤ re tomeas gin ciol .i. brethem, ZCP v 485 § 4 (B. na f.). coire .i. cōi ūire .i. ūr cach n-om .i. gach n-indlighed, Corm. Y 399 .

coire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. coire or dil.ie/10386
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: choro, coireadha, chorae, choireadhaibh

n io [m., Críth Gabl.]. Cf. .x. c.¤ glossed saincenel claidibh, Ériu ii 3.12 . Also ca-, cu-. ?n s. in choro , Ériu v 40.1 . a p. coireadha, SG 28.12 . g p. chorae, LU 7425 . d p. ós choireadhaibh , O'R. Poems 185 . Cf. ZCP xxix 378 .

Cauldron, pot : c.¤ gl. hoc caldarium, Ir. Gl. 724 . imdell . . . itir c.¤ ┐ dabaig, O'Mulc. 740 . c.¤ .i. cōi ūire .i. úr cach n-om, Corm. Y 399 . na seacht core, Anecd. i 11.2 ( SCano 331 ). in c.¤ do bruith na n-om, LL 38339 ( SG 371. 2 ). dabach ┐ c.¤ on flaith fri dénam fleidi, O'D. 521 ( H 3.17, 423 ). core co neim, LU 7714 ( BDD 129 ). caire umai hi talla(i) torcc, Críth G. 197 . c.¤ cona inbiur(b), 174 . bla c.¤ combruth, Laws iii 266.3 . ní tuccad a chairi do thenid (of cauldron of Da Derga), LU 7771 ( BDD 133 ). fo drolmaig is fo ch.¤ , Ériu iv 98 § 26 . escraib cornaib caírib dabchaib deilg, IT iii 30.9 ( BB 301b40 ). teni fo a choiriu, Fing. R. 473 . coiri cæcdhuirnn, IT iii 187 § 8 . caire, losat ┐ criathar, Laws i 122.13 . in lind i c.¤ toll (prov.), Ériu ix 45 § 3 . díoth cruidh c.¤ Tomás `devourers of wealth are the cauldrons of T.', Magauran 3524 . maith an chuire 's a chéad torc (: duine), DDána 42.42 .

With added description of size, value etc. (see Thurn. ZCP xiv 358 ; Hull xviii 296 n.4 ) (where name of an animal follows it is uncertain whether this indicates value or size, but cf. Críth G. 197 cited above): caire Iulaice lan do lemnacht, ZCP xiv 356.1 ( Laws ii 254.2 .i. is fiu lulgaid, 15 ). méit chori cholbthaige, LU 6952 ( BDD 58 ). commeit chori cholbthaigi, 3262 ( SCC 5 ). ba mmóir choire ṅ-darta `kettle of a heifer', ZCP xviii 296.5 . coire cert ocht fichet torc (in house of Mac Ind Óc), viii 108.16 . Of an ordeal: in caire fira cauldron of testing, Laws v 472.22 Comm. fir fora nascar fir caire `test of the caldron', i 194.23 . Cori Fir, IT iii 188 § 11 . naidm caire chombrothaigh, Ériu xiii 34.15 . cranncor sceo caire cainndlige . . . an caire ada do reir coir, in c.¤ fira, O'Curry 2587 ( Eg. 88, 49(50)d ). ? Cf. gabhthar geall . . . / re cnáimh c.¤ , DDána 111.25 . Of collecting-pot of poets: c.¤ acu .i. coiri gacha clére díb. Coire Sainti a ainm, RC xx 422.14 - 6 . C.¤ ainsic see ainsic. c.¤ amaite, see ammait. c.¤ féile cauldron of plenty : boí c.¤ fēile la Laigniu, Buchat a ainm (applied to person), Fing. R. 472 = brughaidh . . . do choimhéadadh c.¤ féile ar theinidh, Keat. ii 4683 . in caire flatha `regal cauldron', MR 50.9 . Of mythical Cauldron of Plenty: coiri an Dagdai, RC xii 58.1 .

Whirlpool : cuire cróderg cubrach (of bloody river), Fianaig. 90.20 . rosbaidh coiri serb na sín (of Coire Breccáin), Ériu x 80 § 43 . imchore nandrúagh, IT iii 46 § 73 . caire cuairt-bill `whirl-pool', Laws v 298.17 Comm. In n. loc. C.¤ mBreccáin, Dinds. 145 . C.¤ Brecāin, Corm. Y 323 . Murchad M. / . . . / ērge C.¤ / Breccāin `who rises like B.'s . . . whirlpool', Misc. Hib. 46.5 ( BB 289b49 ). Cf. Reeves Ad. 29 n. Coire mBrecain, Dinds. 145 ( RC xvi 157 ).

Fig. gainitir tri coiri i cach duiniu .i. Coire Goriath ┐ Coire Érmai ┐ Coire Sois 'three cauldrons are generated in every person, i.e. the Cauldron of Goiriath and the Cauldron of Érmae and the Cauldron of Knowledge', Ériu xxxii 64 § 4 . trí coiri bíte in cach dúini: coire érma, coire goriath, coire áiged, Triads 127 .

córae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. córae or dil.ie/12416

 

n , f. (cóir). See GOI 98 . in chóra in chára in chóire in cháire, IGT Abstr. Nouns § 29 .

(a) correctness, propriety; justice, lawsuit, claim : ? du i mbeth corai fechemoin fri aithcomarc a breithi don breithemuin `where both parties have a right of going before a judge for his decision', Laws i 258.21 . ? tairisit im corae etc., v 440.4 Comm. (gl. caire). D. cenn core `D. head of justice', Gorm. 25 . d'fhaghail in gné chóra an appearance of justice (?), PH 7529 . lertacra .i. tacra eisidhe do-gnither . . . ara chóire ┐ ara chuimhnighe, Cóic Con. § 144 H. cóire an chígh `the debt due to the breast', Aithd. D. 95.32 . lia ar gcóraine ar cró na N., 17.24 . In phrr. with prepp.: co córe just , Gorm. Dec. 9 . co cora, Gorm. Dec. 26 . i córai, ina ch.¤ right, proper, aright, in due order: ro fhagaibh hi ccóra iatt `he set all to rights', AFM iv 948.5 . ina c[h]ōire cōir / 'na ōighe, RC xxxvii 348 § 61 . conna ētai focul fort chenn i córai properly , Sc.M² 14 .

(b) Of personal and moral attributes: cruth ná córai ná congraim good proportions, LU 8326 . cennsa ┐ cuibhde is cōire, ACL iii 321 xi § 3 .

(c) peace, amity, concord . In O. Ir. freq. gl. Lat. pax. córa .i. síothcáin, O'Cl. córe fri dia gl. reconciliationem accepimus, Wb. 2d16 . 3d32 . innaní prechite pacem et imme-churetar cori ho rígaib, 5a5 . is uaísliu cach ceítbuid córe gl. pax Christi quae exsuperat omnem sensum, 24b4 . iar córai fri I., SR 5946 . binne ceol coirae .i. is binne na cach ceol corae sidha itir na feichamna, O'Curry 616 ( H 3.18, 299 ). no daimtis cauraid cāra / do mac R., Corp. Gen. 283.11 . iar córa having come to terms, Fing. R. 920 . fuath síorchára, tol do throdaibh, TD 25.40 . patar a[e]ntaigh . . . am chorai ┐ im aithrighe fri M. M., Anecd. ii 61.15 . fó chori ┐ óentaid fri Ultu, LU 1551 . co ruccadh A. . . . do chora etorra `to make peace between them', Leb. Gab.(i) 270.14 .

V. freq. do-gní córai (fri): act dorronai cori frissom, Wb. 32a24 . dénam córai . . . dénam oentaig etronn, BDD² 415 . dogniat corai iarom M. ┐ C. R., LU 5894 .

Perh. as predic. gen. at peace, in amity: bes ní bat córai di ar n-eís, LL 333a40 . batar core ┐ Cobthach he and C. were at peace, 35295 = hi córe, Fing. R. 412 . nirptar cora friaroile imón anmuim `they did not agree about the title', Hugh Roe² 114.11 .

(d) In Wb. in glosses on Lat. salutare at conclusion of Pauline epistles: is core doib fribsi gl. salutant uos sancti omnes, 18b19 ( 2 Cor. xiii 12 ). So also 7b4 , 14 , 18 , 27d11 . See P 192.54-6. rop corae doib fri Dia gl. pax super illos, 20d1 .

cumalacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cumalacht or dil.ie/13809

 

n [ā, f.] (1 cumal) (female) bondage, servitude: cinged hi c.¤ ceim co nduiri, Ériu xvi 37 § 2 . i ndoere . . . ┐ i ndochraite ┐ i c.¤ do É., RC xiii 444 § 20 . mnāu do hsōerad . . . ar erlech ar ch.¤ choire `from the bondage of the caldron', Cáin Ad. 6 . a c.¤ .i. a ndaíre, O'Curry 1425 ( H 3.18, 639b ).

dairt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dairt or dil.ie/14305
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: darto, darta, dairt, dairti, dartada, darta, dart, dartib, dairtib, dartaib

n i, f. g s. darto, darta. d s. dairt. n p. dairti ( dairt, Laws i 190. 3 ; but the MS has dairti), dartada. g p. darta, dart. d p. dartib ( Laws v 386. 6 f.b. ), dairtib, dartaib.

I A heifer of one year (Stokes, Corm. Tr. 29 . Atkinson, Laws vi 213 . of two years, O'Don. Suppl.). dairt .i. colbthach, O'Cl. dairt .i. laeg, Lec. Gl. 355 . Stowe Gl. 320 . —Frequent in the Laws. samaisci ┐ colpacha. . .no dairti ┐ dartada .i. minchethra, Laws i 190. 7 . na dairti ┐ na dartada. . . .i. na hindlithe re torba (before they are productive), ib. 3 . urdliged .i. sicail ┐ dairti, ii 342. 21 . — Generally as a fine . ar is for dartib rosuidiged fuillem a díre, v 394. 23 . direnar teora dartib i fuillem a dire, ib. 396. 2 . As a fine for cutting a shrub tree (blackthorn, elder, etc.), iv 146. 27 ; or the branches of the chief trees (airig feda: oak, hazel, holly, etc.), ib. 146. 23 ; or of the common trees (athig feda: alder, willow, etc.), ib. 146. 25 ; for cutting of land, ib. 152. 8 ; for breaking the laws of fences and co- tenancy, ib. 72. 3 ; for a physician neglecting a sick man, i 130. 25 . draigen trom. . .dairt a ndíre cach ae, iv 146. 27 . dairt coll. . .cuic seoit a ndíre cach ae bo buinbéime. . .dairt ina craebaib, ib. 146. 23 , 148. 25 . fernn sail. . .bo a ndíre cach ae dairt ina craebu, 146. 25 . athaigh feadha. . .dairt ina ngabla, 150. 6 . aurba tíre. . .dartaig a tri cuailli. . .dairt ina cuic, 152. 8 . dairt cacha treisi, 72. 3 , 13 ; v 270. 16 . muna urfócra (sc. in liag) is fiachach .i. dairt, i 130. 24 . Cf. cuic dairti dec filet ó cechtar de, i 174. 6 . ise dligis dairt, v 340. 21 .—As a price of fosterage: ised is log einuch .i. dartuid ┐ dairt ┐ colpuch, ii 152. 2 . tír ndarta a measure of land: air atá tír nd. coruigi thir chumaile, v 466. 16 . —Its value was one-sixth of a cow, i.e. four screpalls: dairt .i. ceithri scripall .i. ar seised, iv 148. 7 . dairt ceithri screpall, 150. 23 . dairt .i. ceithri screpall i ndíri gabal na fodla (for the branches of the bramble trees), 148. 8 , cf. 152. 14 . Worth three screpalls acc. to v 396. 4 : teora dartib .i. tri scribaill ar gach n[d]airt díbseo uili.— colpach firend ┐ dairt boinend, Corm. s.v. clithar sét . ba mmóir choire ṅdarta cechtar a ndá odbrand, LL 252 b 25 ( ZCP x 366). fiu la ríg dodonfarci cetheora darti fichet, ib. 286 a 27 (= KMMisc. 212. 15 ). i naimsir Bressail táinic in cétna bóar i nHérind ┐ nocon fárggaib acht teora dartada (a pl.) i nÉrind. ité dergga .i. dairt i Cliu dairt i lLiniu dairt i Cuailngiu. is de atá Imbliuch Fir Oendarta, ib. 339 a 11 . berid a bu le .i. cethracha lulgach ┐ caeca dart (darta, Eg.) TBD 16 . ní rarmea do bú móra bar dartib, TBC-LL¹ 4405 (v.l. ar dartaib YBL, ar dairtibh, Stowe).

LOC. Imlech Fir aendairti, Cóir Anm. 18 . is de ata Imliuch nDarta (nDairte YBL) hi cCliuu, TBD 16 . Onomast.

II Metaph. a young girl . nicon biäid aice bó | na dairti ná dartado, Liad. and Cuir. 18 . PERS. Dart ingen Echach mic Cairpri, TBD 212 , for Dartaid, formed to the g s. Darta ( TBD 211 Eg.) = Dartada ( ib. 168 ). Cf. dat. Dairt, ib. 134 YBL.

Cf. dáir, dairid, dartaid, dartán.

dám

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dám or dil.ie/14472
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: dám, dáim, dáme, dáime, dáma, dáim, dáma, daime, lán-dám, ríg-dám

n ā, f. nom. dám, later also dáim. gen. dáme, dáime (dáma). dat. dáim. n pl. dáma, daime.

I A company, legitimate number of guests, party, following, retinue . ni téige leosam dam no tascur tar dá fer décc, Laws i 48. 5 . ma dotí dam caem, 122. 7 . dá reib in fer ann is lándam muna raib is lethdam, ii 386. 12 . más co tomus in ḟir tancatar na dama is landam. más fo tomus na mná is lethdam, 386. 14 . fosuididter in ben lethdam in fir, 386. 6 . a daim dliged aice (comm.), 388. 12 . etech daime, i 56. 23 Comm. biathud daime, 142. 24 Comm. ii 388. 8 Comm. is cutruma in biad célsine ┐ biathud na daime, ii 232. 4 Comm. dia rucuidh imurcuid daime lesin flaith, 232. 6 Comm. an imurcuidh daime berur co tig in chéile, 232. 7 Comm. cen daim téchta, 388. 1 ; v 172. 15 . in cutruma nobia don daim, ii 26. 27 . dia tísit teora dama uaithi cin biad, v 122. 1 . má damu fuil agin flaith, ii 232. 2 Comm. coro láinbiathad daime a fir, 386. 9 . in flaith rochuiriustur na dama do chaithium bidh célsine, 26. 19 . má robhiathustar dama and, v 164. 13 . dál as chomtig fri dáma (gl. fri hegeda (hōegidu, v.l.), fri truagu), Hy. v 14 . dámḟial .i. fial fri dámaib, Gorm. Apr. 15 . is gess damsa dám oenmná do airitin iar fuiniud gréne, BDD 63 . fáilte fri dáma, Tec. Corm. 4 (l. 15) . orgain na dame, Ann. Inisf. 592 . srethugud a dáme for fecht féle, LL 187 a 44 . a biathad iarna dáim ┐ iarna grád ┐ iarna lín, 187 a 47 . ar bélaib a dámi ┐ a thascuir, 188 c 29 (cf. Laws i 48. 5 ). cen díl dámi resi without paying a company of storytellers RC xii 70 § 33 . giarb uathed do dám malle, TBC-LL¹ 4003 . rob uathad mo dám I was a party of one only MacCongl. 19. 23 . dám thrír, LL 207 b 5 . dám ochtair a lín, Dinds. 134 . dám nónbair, BDD 34 . cethrar lín a dama, Manners and Customs iii 491. 3 . seisser a dam i tuaith, ib. 496. 11 . ní théigead dam dimdach uada (sc. ón choire (choiriu) ansicen) FDG 408 . niba bruithi de acht daithin na dáime fana miad ┐ fana ngrad, ib. 409 (cf. Laws i 48. 11 ). gebe dáṁ dhúilech thí cusin nairchindech, Lism. L. 2711 . gráinid cride frisin dám sin, ACL iii 297. 7 . dáṁ a party, dining party O'D. Suppl. from Rawl. 487 . fail dáim nannsa inbar ndochum anocht, MacCongl. 87. 2 . ní ferr téit an dam ar (MS. indhamar) thicc, Rawl. 83 b 9 . dám ochtair, Todd Nenn. 48. 6 . na ndám as an epithet: Ádam...duine rodelb Dia na ndám, LL 136 b 15 . Diarmaid mac Aedha na ndaṁ of the retinues MacCarthy 416. 13 . Fergal mac Domnaill na ndám, LL 141 a 28 . anmand muntire na tromdáma, LL 27 b 55 . Referring to a single individual, guest : dám óenmná, BDD 52 § 63 . atá dámh is uaisli iná mé fein i focus accum .i. Find mac Cumaill, Acall. 5035 .

dám de...┐ dám (aile) de = cuit...cuit some...others (cf. cuit, foirenn). daim díb ar Colum Cilli dinnarba ┐ daim díb i ninad a sáraigthi siun i Tailltin ┐ daim i ninad trasci (leg. trascthi) na napstal i Temraig, Cog. 10. 19 sq.

II A bardic company, poets : cosbóir dílios gach dáiṁe, Oss. ii 296 . teach do dhénom do Niall...do díol dáṁ Éreann, AFM iv 706. 16 . post congṁála dáṁ ┐ deóradh, ib. vi 1908. 7 . ZCP viii 109. 17 , 22 . Gadelica ii. 101. 24 . romín an drem re dámaib, Hy Fiach. p. 216 . urra an drem dár ndámaibni, ib. p. 242 . ib. 256. 6 ; 260. 12 ; 270. 5 ; 274. 5 ; 294. 17 .

COMPDS. lán-dám Laws. oll-dám : nir bo olldamh oenmhuco, IT i 109.10 , ZCP x 369 . ríg-dám, q.v.

P. O'C. O'Br. O'R. and Dinneen also give the meaning kindred, relation, consanguinity, affection, friendship : dáim .i. gaodhal no báidh, P. O'C.

dobraig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dobraig or dil.ie/17251

 

adj (dobra?): meisse bias co dobruig de | fo drolmaigh is fo choire miserable (?), Ériu iv 98 § 26 .

1 drolmach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 drolmach or dil.ie/18787

 

Forms: dromhlach, drolmach, drolbhach, drolmach, drolmacha, dromlacha

n (also by metathesis dromlach) ā, f. wooden vessel with rings or handles (drolam) attached at the sides , used for carrying water, etc.; classed among `crand-lestra', Laws v 94.9 Comm. ; 104.5 Comm. (but cf. ar drolmhaigh deargóir, KMMisc. 358.18 ). It was smaller than a `dabach' and came in size between the `ian' and the `muide', Ériu iv 134.17 . `dromhlach, drolmach used in Ossory for the dabach', O'Don. Suppl. drolbhach or drolmach a vat, keebe, or cowl , P. O'C. d.¤ usce (= vas ligneum apertum), Lat. Lives 80.6 = dromlach uisce, Lism. L. 1514 . fo leith na dromlaigi (used for carrying water), RC xxiv 190 § 2 . fo drolmaig ┐ fo choire (i.e. in servitude), Ériu iv 98 § 26 . d.¤ medcuisci, Trip.² 2789 . tuc drolmaig n-englaise dhó, Lism. L. 2701 . dobreath drolmhuigh fhína dhóib, 316 . drolbhach eturru 'ga himarchor lán do ugib géd, MR 20.11 . pl. drolmacha, TBC-LL¹ 65 . dromlacha (part of the `intreb tige'), Laws v 392.12 Comm. ; 94.9 ; 104.5 . See drolmaide, dronglach.

2 ed

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 ed or dil.ie/19658

 

Forms: fed, fot, n-ed, ed, ed, fed, n-ed, ed, edaib

n n, later m., also with prosthetic f, fed, probably under the influence of fot. n s. a n-ed , FB 18.19 . ed, Auraic. 1470 . cf. in t-ed , Metr. Dinds. iv 82 . fed, Auraic. 4575 . Anecd. i 30 . a s. in n-ed , TBC-LL¹ 1050 . d s. ed, FB 73 . a p. (?) eaga, Acall. 5993 n. d p. edaib, SR 7238 . Leb. Gab.(i) i 128 .A space, distance, interval (between two points of space or time); extent, length:

(a) of space:

(a) ed: mod .i. mo a ed i n-airde `greater its distance upwards' Auraic. 1470 (= mo a fedh, 4575 ). [e]adh itir gach da bunchur `a space between every two bands' Laws iv 76 Comm. dessid and ed bec ón rót, Metr. Dinds. iv 348 . condechaidh edh fada úadib, Moling § 67 . ro dibraic saigid a fidbaic...co ndechaid uad re hed, TTebe 2583 . son a gotha...go ceann cuic ced decc ceimend...eadh ba reil BCC § 62 = Fél. June 9 n. (possibly the word here is the neut. pron.). co rothocba th'arm ed lama uas a n-armaib seom, RC xxiv 200 . is ed is laithrind do mogaid ead a láime...uad ar cach leth the radius of his (outstretched) arm Laws iii 178 Comm. nistárraid acht ed inn urchuir etarru could only get to within a stone's-throw of them RC xxii 393.5 . nis tarraid acht ed n-urchair, 393.17 . edh urchuir, CCath. 5815 . gu nach raibe acht edh imagallma etarra till they were within speaking-distance Ériu viii 20 . techit ead radaircc forsin fairgi `as far as eye can reach' Trip. 476 . Ériu iv 142 . LB 152a33 . co facatar edh a forcsi ┐ a radairc don muig, CCath. 4964 . 3541 . o duruacht edh forcsena for longphort Cesair when he had reached a spot where he could survey C.'s camp 5427 . (of a ship) ni ro airis cur ro tomais eadh a taeibi a comfocraib na cairrcci drew up alongside D IV 2, 74[64]rb 26 . adbal ead a n-ulcan-som the length of their beards MR 184 . miliu troiged a eudh et aontroigh a lethiutt, Aisl. Tond. 98 . berid ed di, ó gets beyond, passes, takes the lead of: berid long G. edh foda dib fochetoir, Aen. 993 . berid N. ead foda uaidibh, 1047 . Cf. IGT, Decl. ex. 752 (see also below under (b)). nach béaraidh neach dhínn eadh an ordlaigh dar ais will not retreat an inch ML 102.28 .

Cf. ní ḟail ar bith, buan in t-ed | óen-ḟer... rosroised | cúairt in choire... | a hur co hor ri hóen-mís, Metr. Dinds. iv 82 . iffern na n-ed, ZCP iv 235.17 .

(b) fed: a fad 's a fedh, Anecd. i 30 . berim lim, fa hanba in fedh, go Druim Ibair ib. fead trichad cét...d'ḟeronn, Ériu i 126 . fedh na láime don lúirig, Anecd. i 30 . fedh laime laich do crann craisighi, ZCP vi 280.23 . Acall. 6036 n. (= fat láma l. text). Dán Dé xxix 14 . feadh a chuilg... | uaidh síos gusna saoirḟearaibh the space of his sword's length... between him and the freemen TD 9.12 (= fad a...loinne TD ii 228 ). téid...feadh naoi dtonn san muir amach, Keat. ii 1315 . atá faoi feadh O Maine the extent of Hy Many is under him Ériu v 64 . feadh amhairc ón mhúr `just in sight of the rampart' TD 8.9 ; 20.30 . Adverbially, with or without prep., throughout, to the extent of, all over (with ref. to movement or position): a lán féinneadh feadh an tighe, TD 11.17 . feadh Banbha, 16.1 . Keat. iii 1733 . ar f., for f.: gabhais for fedh na fairrge fared across the sea BNnÉ 4.33 . tír ...sruth fora fedh a river running through it Marco P. 19.68 . co cluintighi ar fedh na cathrach gair na clocc, ZCP vi 284.24 . TD 11.15 . TSh. 5573 . dochuaid do degtáscsa...ar fed na talman, SG 262.7 . do rachdaois...ar ḟeadh nUladh TD 7.26 (ar f. U. v.l.). ar gcur gach tíre ar feadh fúthaibh after completely subduing every territory 11.31 . go dtáinig saithe do chuileógaibh ar feadh na Fraingce, TSh. 9743 .

Cf. cach ed no téged, TBC-I¹ 1925 = cach ed immateiged TBC-LL¹ 2585 (wherever he went?). do-luid Eochaid Ainchend ead | ...do chuindgid ingine in rig, Lec. 608a12 = LL 375a28 .

(b) met., of extent, quantity, value, etc.

(a) is réil as ind ed fil etorro from the distance (i.e. difference in value) between them FB 73 . Esp. in phr. berid ed di, ó, surpasses (see above): 'co adrad... | ro huc hed do cach ardríg surpassed all kings in pursuing it (sc. wisdom) SR 7040 . a n-ed ruc do chéli do ócaib domoin ar gaisciud as much as thy husband surpasses the world's warriors in valor FB 18.19 . ruc Créidhi... | edh urchair do mnáibh Eireann, Acall. 817 . re dosbile bereas eaga o fidhbaid 5993 n .

(b) ar fedh mo dhithchill to my utmost endeavour Ériu v 166.49 . ar feadh a nearta `accordying to his abilitie' Carswell 156 . similarly: go feadh ar nearta, 216 . gach uile papa dia ttainic...go fedh da papa ar fichit, Fl. Earls 148.25 . (of the patriarchs:) as iad tra sin amháin do bhí ullamh glan dochum a faicsena acht go fedh Críosd dá bhfuasgladh ó cháin an tseinpheacaidh, ┐ d'osgladh dhorais na bethadh siórdhaidhe rompa léna bhás, Ó Héodhusa 60 z .

(c) of time, space, interval, duration, period ; eadh .i. aimsior, O'Cl. :

(a) tarasatar edh ciana...oc imṡelladh a cheili, LL 402b24 (= TTr.² 499 ). Contribb. 365.3 . ed deich mbliadan, MacCarthy 174 = LL 128a38 . eadh ┐ cairde do lecud do fri hiaraidh in sceoil, ACL iii 4 . nir dhamh eadh na hosadh doibh, Aen. 2148 . nocha bhfidir neach ... | a bhfuighe ón bhás... | dá ré eadh na haithrighe time for repentance Dán Dé v 6 . do cosc a raith eadh oili for another space (of time) Ériu iv 114 . Adverbial acc.: a n-ed ba beo ba huamnach as long as he lived SR 3896 . 5260 . inhed bethi sin dithrub, 4062 . anhed, 4109 . bam cú-sa...inn ed sam (connice sin St. colléic Y) during that time TBC-LL¹ 1050 . eadh risa ngebad a paider for as long as it would take to say his paternoster ZCP i 66 . ma robatar tall [e]adh risi toirse a tabairt (amach) for as long as would suffice for bringing them out Laws iv 86 Comm. In pl. rí roreraig...iar n-edaib do Ezechiam | cóic bliadna déc... do forcraid fora saegul who extended Hezekiah's life... according to periods (?) SR 7238 . da ched bliadna iar n-edhaibh | iar Neimedh... | co ngaibset Fir Bolcc | Ere, Leb. Gab.(i) i 128 . In these exx. iar n-edaib appears to mean as regards spaces (of time); cf. Heriu aibind iar n-eadhaibh, BB 36b35 = Lec. 564a .

fri (re) hed for a time; while, during, at the hour of: for Érinn rop ḟiach fri hed, Metr. Dinds. iv 248 . fo diamair re hedh do bi, Fél. Dec. 11n. daronsat sīth...etoro fri hed, Cog. 58.25 . ro airgis a ndún re headh, 80.24 . do bai ac aitreb inti re hedh, YBL 160b28 . Acall. 370 . ZCP viii 108 . da bfinnadh... | gomadh rē ḟada a shaeghul | nacha dingnadh maith re headh | nogo tisadh do deredh he would put off well-doing for a while ZCP vii 301 . ní thug dá mhnaoi a ḟios re headh did not reveal himself at once GF, Ir. Monthly 1919, 510 . ní chuimhnigh...ní dá bhfuil uathaibh re headh `do not remember what hath long been owing to them' TD 9.36 . am slat chroimcheannach re headh, Ir. Monthly 1920, 52 . fuaradar a n-álgas don eing re headh have had their will of the land for some time O'Gr. Cat. 466 . caidhe an t-easpag...do thiocfadh...do bhaisteadh Uladh re headh then (?) Arch. Hib. i 92 . ro ferudar comrac...re hedh ┐ re hathaig, ZCP vi 29.34 . Acall. 1694 . as nertmar [sic K; mertmar H ; leg. mert mar ?] do marbhadh re hedh n-athgoirid uile iad within a very short time ITS v 88.10 . CCath. 5712 . re headh ┐ re hathoidh do lō for a part of the day or during the day ZCP x 283 y . ar mbeith duinn mar sin re hedh uaire don ló do chaithemh tarla solus chugainn, BNnÉ 49.31 . fri ed mbliadna during a year FB 34 . re hedh na hoidche Acall. 1234 . TTebe 4133 . 4903 . CCath. 4393 . brat geal re headh an Ḟaíligh | sgáoilidh slat gheal fá a ghúaillibh IGT, Decl. ex. 810 . re headh n-óil at feasting time GF, Ir. Monthly 1919, 106 . ó'd-chonnairc ann ingen an t-aonmacaomh...tuc grádh a hanma ré hedh na huaire sin dó gave him her love forthwith RC xxix 120.7 . re headh na maidne at morn ZCP x 280.23 ( = ra húair na maitne TBC-LL¹ 3176 ).

(b) is é feadh bís ag tobairt a cúrsa .i. seacht lá fichead, etc. (of the moon), O'Gr. Cat. 323.14 . ní faide nó feadh leathuaire dobhámar annsin, Ériu i 91 . feadh éanuaire an lásoin linn, TD 11.23 . Adverbially, fed, an f., ar f. (ḟ.) during, for the period of; whilst: bí 'na comnuide fedh na sechtmaine, Maund. 113 . ag ól fedh an láei, 123 . Ériu v 54 . fuarus...cennus Éirenn...fedh bliadhna, ACL iii 305 . TD 7.25 . dá raibh tú re M...feadh ar gcogaidh do chlaochlódh `while our dispute lasts' TD 15.55 . gan anmhain 'na bun feadh a bheatha, TSh. 9132 . an fedh anfuidhi anbar pecthaib ni fuil ecla acainne romaib, Maund. 123 . TSh. 1255 . an feadh do bhaoi an tuile ag tocht TD 7.41 . ML 34 . er fead na bethadsa, PH 7667 . 7389 . ar ḟedh na himghona, IGT, Decl. ex. 864 . do bhattar mar sin ar fedh an chorguis, BNnÉ 70 . ní chodail neach | ar feadh aonuaire i n-éineacht for one hour at a stretch TD 41.5 . bí duilbhir ar feadh bhfleidhe, 15.44 . síoth...ní choingéamais | ar feadh an abhra d'iadhodh we would not keep peace during the twinkling of an eye 2.57 . air feadh móimeinte, Proverbs xii 19 . ní ro faccbattar (fo cenn ṡecht lá ndécc) énmhac Saxanaigh gan...ionnarbadh eiste...┐ ní mō ro ḟáccaibhsiot ar fedh na ree cédna...caislen...gan cur i seilbh Iarla D., AFM vi 2082.2 . ar an bfead so during this time Ériu i 87 n. 6.

fri (re) f.¤ : re fedh ar n-atheccmaisi during our second absence BNnÉ 50.27 . a dhá chaomthach re feadh bfaghla his two comrades on a foray Studies 1919, 75 . re feadh an laoi ná labhair, Dánta Gr. 39.37 .

go f.¤ , until; as far as: nī thug in rī audiens go fedh trī lā dō, Fl. Earls 24.3 . tainic...a ttīr go fedh ēn-oidque amhāin `landed for one night' 240.13 .

Cf. ise a gliccus do foir sinne i fedh o [v.l. a] tamaidne ann sud, Fier. 187 .

airim Find in fed dia fuil | sechtmain ar mís is bliadain (in reply to: ca ḟat ó thesta...Find ?) Acall. 5343 (`Finn's computation how long he is' SG ii 231 ).

(d) a unit of spatial measurement:

(a) tricha edh remhet in crainn sin ┐ .ccc. eadh a airde, Fél. Dec. 11 n. Dinds. 34 . Metr. Dinds. iv 242 .

(b) feadh a fathom Kirk , s. bannlamh = ACL iii 149. 106 . is e airde mūir in droichit .i. .xx. fedh `ells' Fier. 109 . eirgidh se .ii. fedha déc os talam ib. (cuic troigthe déc, .u. cubait déc v.l.). atá dhá fhichid fiodh air áirde ann agus deich bhfiodha ar leathad a chuirp, ITS xxiv 6.20 .

fichud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fichud or dil.ie/21995

 

Forms: fiuchud, —ad, ficheadh, feicheadh, fiuchadh, feachadh

n u, m. (vn. of 2 fichid) also fiuchud, —ad. ficheadh feicheadh fiuchadh (ó énchéill) [feachadh lochdach ón chéill sin] IGT III § 71 . Boiling, seething, fuming: atracht a ḟiuchad de (of a cauldron) PH 1265 . go mbeantaoi fiucha minic asta making them seethe often Keat. ii 5110 . tabair cúic fiuchtha air boil it five times O'Gr. Cat. 182.35 . do bheir sé air a naigén fiuchadh, Job xli 31 . for f.¤ boiling, fuming: amal choire for fichud, SR 8204 . amail tinniu i tenid cerdda for f.¤ , LL 166a1 = amail tinde for fiuchud , Dinds. 120 . a bheithir ... a bolg ḟeichidh ḟírthobair IGT III ex. 622 . amhail fhairrge ar fiochadh = quasi mare fervens TSh. 7464 . Fig. of emotions, etc.: re fiuchud na ferge, LU 6466 ( TBC-LL¹ 2615 ). Fianaig. 64.29 . CCath. 1686 . la fichiudh na férgi, TTr.² 1345 . fiuchadh foiréigneach na feirge, TSh. 1235 . fichidh dibheirge `surging of rapine' TD 18.38 (: crithir ; leg. ficheadh : crithear). i ttuinn fhichidh mh'aigeanta, Studies 1921, 75 . gan chrithir m'ḟeirge d'ḟiuchadh, 1928, 452 . As epithet : fiuchadh fairge (of a king) BB 50b38 ( MacCarthy 424 ). Cog. 140.17 . a ḟicheadh guail gheintlighe, Studies 1928, 269 .

1 finn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 finn or dil.ie/22134
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: findgil, findban, findflatha, findfocla, finnfoclaibh, findnémand, findtopraib

adj o-ā

(a) white (gen. bright white = Lat. candidus): bright, lustrous . Of color: tarb find, LU 3450 ( SCC 23 ). laith find (i.e. milk), Laws i 64.4 . trisin mbrat find (= pallio albo) Tur. 55 . Inis Bó finde, Fél. Aug. 8 . bolca finda (ref. to vescis candentibus) Ml. 99a4 . isa leth i mbátár na finna the side the white [sheep] were LU 1736 (= trēt gel, 1729 ). an focherded caírig find tar sonnach ... bá dub fó chetóir 1731 . Equat. finnithir canach slébe as white as mountain cotton-grass BDD 109 . Of lustrous objects: síthbe find findairgit, LU 10216 ( TEm. 14 ) = find forargit, LU 8634 ( FB 47 ). úatne finna forórda, LU 3687 ( SCC 33 ). i gcrích Ulad na n-es bfionn, O'Gr. Cat. 453.14 . fionn .i. follas, O'Cl. find .i. taitnemach, Stowe Gl. 175 . O'Cl. (fionn). As subst.: co find na matne till dawn TTr.² 1895 . Cf. corice in findmatin arnámhárach (leg. find, m. a. ?) 1656 . finn (name of letter b in a species of Ogham), Auraic. 5669 .

(b) fair, light-hued (of complexion, hair, etc.): línḟolt find forórdae fair, BDD 75 . find uile in fer sain eter ḟolt ┐ rosc ┐ ulcha ┐ abratchur ┐ dechelt, TBC-LL¹ 5348 = TBC-I¹ 3293 . in dias ... finna dib línaib cona foltaib ┐ a mbrataib ┐ it gilithir snechtae, BDD 99 . ben ... mong find fuirri, TBC-I¹ 2790 . ni thuca in finn ḟotai do not marry a tall fairhaired woman ZCP viii 112.30 . Common as sobriquet in this sense.

As subst.: in fhind robo scíamach 'the fair one that was beautiful', Celtica xxv 23 § 7 .

(c) fair, handsome (oft., but not necessarily, implying fairness of complexion): slog find forderg, LU 3866 ( SCC 38 ). mná finna, LU 8713 ( FB 53 ). nim geib format fri fer find I envy not a handsome man ZCP vi 267.3 . fer find (of Cú Chulainn, described as `dub' LU 8673 . 10218 ) LU 4546 = TBC-I¹ 58 is quoted by O'Cl. in illustration of 5 finn, q.v. In proper names: Be Ḟind, npr. f. LU 10843 . Bé Find, TBFr. § 1 . Bé bhind, Acall. 6904 . Bé Bhionn, DDána 91.17 . (see 1 bé). Ó Dálaigh Fiond (surname), ... ar an ó atá an moladh and sin Ó Dálaigh Ḟind ... ar Dálach atá an moladh and, § 168 , § 169 . In phr. with Donn and Dub meaning a nobody : ​ a n-íoc Fhinn nó Duibh nó Duinn, | ná cuir inn díot 'do not abandon me ... in punishment for a [mere] Fionn or a Dubh or a Donn', Ériu lxiv 164 § 1.12 .

(d) bright, blessed (freq. in religious poetry): is find a mbethu (gl. beati quorum ...) Wb. 2c2 . féil find Fergnai, Fél. Mar. 2 . búaid find Ualentini , Dec. 16 . la paiss find Faustíni , Oct. 8 . ar mbága finna (: thinga, v.l. thenga) Hy vi 17 (`our white fights' Thes.). in Fiada find (of God), Trip. 140.23 . munbad omun Fiadhat find, Ériu ii 229.10 . hi Fíadat find fíni `in the vine of the white Lord' Fél. Ap. 6 . Common epithet of saints: ceol cethri sanct find fichet SR 584 . (cf. seniores ... vestimentis albis Rev. iv 4 ) Fél. Jan. 9 , 14 ; Feb. 24 , Nov. 29 , Dec. 12 , etc. In n.l.: Mag Finn, Metr. Dinds. v 196 . Cf. in Finn faídech (name of a bell), s.v. faídech.

Cf. tarlagsa chucu dia fromad | focal finda filed, Anecd. i 47 § 4 (see also finn-focal in compds. below).

(e) in moral sense, fair, just, true: scél find fír, Ériu iv 132.2 . finda buana mo bretha, ZCP xi 91.8 . finn .i. fīr, Stowe Gl. 383 . fionn .i. fīrinne, O'Cl.

(f) of sounds: bro finn Fiachna `clear shout' O'Dav. 330 . Cf. the compd. finn-chéolán, below.

(g) of blighted corn: tornech ┐ tentich anbail ... gur milled moran do mes ┐ do torad ... ┐ cur fasadur arbanna finna fasa, Ann. Conn. 1328 § 3 (`corn grew whitish and empty' ALC i 607 ).

See finda.

Compds.

I With adj.:

(a) with adj. of color, denoting a light or bright shade (= Fr. clair, Germ. hell):

¤buide light-yellow: folt findbudi, TBC-LL¹ 213 . mongae findbudi BDD 84 ; 103 .

¤gel: Fiada findgel, SR 644 (cf. d above). Maire ... finngel, 4638 . g s m. Fiachach findgil , LL 127b6 ( MacCarthy 154 ). ¤rúad light auburn: ulcha findruad (of the apostle Philip), Ériu iii 194 § 7 . RC viii 363.13 . In: Forainn findruad, SR 3414 , ruad may mean strong.

(b) with other adjs. forming dwandwa-compds. ¤adbal: co flaith findadbail Fāelāin, 'prosperous powerful rule', Ériu xvii 38 § 1 . ¤aelta lime-white, white-washed: ` whitewashed ' P. O'C. don árus fhionnaolta, TSh. 2729 . foirccnemha fionnaolta, AFM v 1798.15 . ¤balc fair and strong: Eochaid findbalc, Metr. Dinds. ii 4.51 .

¤chas fair and curly: fer findcass foltlebor LL 120a43 . folt finnchas, Acall. 5992n .

¤chert: flaith findchert `noble righteous prince' Metr. Dinds. iii 452.39 . ¤fechtnach, see fechtnach. ¤lebor fair and long (or smooth): folt findleabor, Acall. 5992 . ¤lem fair and gentle: ind óg findlem ... | Maire ingen Ebraidé, SR 7503 . ¤mass fair and comely: dán findmas, Anecd. i 60 § 84 . ¤oll: ... A Dē ... | na roib coraither [ = co rāiter ?] immom | do bara findoll find-sa, ZCP viii 561.16 . ¤uar clear (?) and cold: i dtobar fhionnfhuar, TSh. 5047 . i madain focchmair fionnḟuair, AFM ii 932 (quot.). Cf. ind(ḟ)úar. ¤úallach: dáilimh ḟionnuallcha `fair, haughty cupbearers' TD 8.14 .

(c) with adj. derived from subst. compounded with finn: ¤bennach whitehorned , name of the bull of Connacht: LU 10400 . TBC-LL¹ 81 . Metr. Dinds. iii 370.66 (cf. 374.99 ). ¤chlothach: f. Bregh, Ériu xiii 21.22 . ? ¤lúasgach: áile laith ... fionnluasgach lí súla i mbí ina condull (of grain for malting), Ériu xiii 40.27 ( O'Dav. 1199 ). Possibly this belongs to finna. ¤nélach: flaith findnélach, LL 120b8 (cf. —nél). ¤súilech (cf. 3 finn ?), as sobriquet: C. occisus est on Ḟíndṡuilech RC xvii 403.18 (Tig.). AFM ii 884.2 .

II With subst.

(a) in various senses of the simple adj.: ¤airge a milch-herd: ocht fichit f., Acall. 514 . 1887 . 5985 (cf. 2 finn). ¤alt see finnalt. ¤argat white silver: síthbe findargit, LU 9262 . s. find findairgit 10216 . claideb co u-imdurnn findarcaid, TBC-I¹ 3345 . ¤bantracht band of fair women Acall. 5289 . ¤ben: g p. tri .l. findban , 6905 . ¤bile, fig. of pers.: in findbile `the noble prince ' Metr. Dinds. ii 8.1 . ZCP viii 226.19 . ¤bla: fál fri findblai `with a fair lawn' Metr. Dinds. ii 6.66 . ¤bliadain: cethri fichit findbliadna, LL 127b3 ( MacCarthy 154 ). ¤charn white carn: TBC-LL¹ 1203 (= carnd ngel, LU 5103 ). ¤cheólán blessed (?) bell: mór do findcheolanaib ceilebartha, Acall. 2610 . ar findcheolanuibh trath, 327 . ¤chles: finnclesa TBC-LL¹ 5512 St. ¤chóelach white (i.e. peeled) wattles: cét marclach do fhinnchaeluch (for building a house), Lism. L. 1572 . árach fionnchaolaigh, AFM vi 2218.1 . ¤ choire : see findchoire. ¤delg white (i.e. silver) pin: .x. findelga (.i. airget), Ériu ii 5.5 . ¤ḟénnid: Iriel Fáid f., LL 127b17 ( MacCarthy 158 ). ¤feth: fine calm weather (? Cf. findbad): dorala f. doib for an ffairge, Leb. Gab.(i) i 258.11 . ¤flaith: g s. findflatha , BDD 100c (Y 1015 ). ¤focal fair word; magic (?) word: a p. ór nad fil lem ... findfocla frismberad F. fursunnud fiss, LL 259b29 ( IT i 68 ). fir domuin ... no ṡídaigfed da thrí finndfoclaib, LL 267b41 ( MU² 759 ). d p. i fis ┐ i foglaim ┐ i finnfoclaibh filedh, CCath. 4411 . basa bodhar foglime i findfocluib fis, ZCP xii 365.19 . ¤folt (of wave crests) Thes. ii 290.4 . ¤gáire a pleasant laugh: cia ro thibe fion[n]gāire, ZCP vi 267 § 6 . ¤gein: findgein Magdaléna `blessed nativity' Fél. July 22 . cf. findgen grían, ZCP xi 109 § 15 . ¤Goídel: sliocht fionnGaoidil, Léachtaí Cholm Cille xxiv 110 § 47 . ¤lebar: do findleabraib trāth (books of hours), Acall. 2610 . re finnleabhraibh fileadh, TD 5.7 . ¤maten dawn, morning: corice in findmatin arnámhárach, TTr.² 1656 (possibly find, m., see under a above). ¤mónann cowberry: ethad in ḟindmonai[n] (leg. ḟindmonainn; in ḟínemain, ind finemain, v.ll.) na [in in] brecce na crand crin 'essen sie die Preißelbeere oder die Rinde(?) dürrer Bäume', ZCP xxx 150.31 . ¤nél: white mist: findnél na cailce, RC xiii 456.19 (cited under finnell .i. nell fionn, O'Cl. Cf. finnell). ¤nem: fortacht ar Fíadat findnime, Hy iii 4 . ¤némand white pearl: g p. frossa findnémand , TBC-LL¹ 208 . ¤rop the small intestine: see findrop. ¤ṡlúag, Fél. May 23 . ¤sruth a fair stream: as n. fl. MU² 264 . findṡruth arggait, Imr. Brain § 40 . Fig.: nis fuinchessa co finnsrothaib airchetail .i. [na filid] icatāit na srotha taitnemhacha , ( O'D. 1220 (< H 2.15A p. 85 - 6 ). filidh nis fuinchesa go ffiondṡrothaibh aircheadail, Ériu xiii 51.12 . ( O'Mulc. 600 ). Finnsruth Fithil (name of a law tract), Laws i 120.1 Comm. Here perhaps: ara naisc finnsruth findtigha, Laws iv 38.10 (emended to ¤sru[i]th, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 137 , perhaps wrongly). Cf. the adj. findsrothach (versed in the (treatise) `Finnsruth' ?): dia mba brethem ba faṡach, ba f., O'D. 2227 ( Nero A vii, 153a ). ¤topar fair, clear spring: d s. mor do findtopraib , SR 500 .

(b) forming stable compds. in which the meaning of the subst. is modified: ¤choll whitebeam (?) (ZCP xvii 177-84 , Celtica xi 118 ): fidṡlatta findchuill, TBC-LL¹ 1434 . lorg findchuill, Acall. 3489 . ¤fúarad cooling, refreshment , see ind(ḟ)úar and cf. ¤úar above. Hence finnfúaraigid refreshes: an t-aiéor fhionnfhuaruighios mé, Mac Aingil 43.8 . ¤scél a story, a legend: se fichit findscél na fíann | foclas cech fili, LL 145a49 . finn-sgéal filidheachta, TSh. 7418 . Keat. ii 2336 . ¤scoth [leg. fíon— ?] hound's tongue (plant-name) Hog. Luibhl. cionoglosa .i. an ḟionscoith, 23 K 42, 400.2 . ¤uma white copper (species of bronze ?): fedana finduma, Acall. 2441 . fetan f., 7600 (of brooches). sceith co caladbualtib finnuma, LL 266b16 ( MU² 609 ). sonnach finduma, Anecd. ii 7.1 . Cf. findruine.

(c) occas. seems used in an ironical sense: as an bhfionnfregradh sin (of an opponent's answer), Luc. Fid. 295.15 . go gcead d[obh]ar bhfionnraidhtibhsi your glib assertions 207.1 .

(d) in poetry freq. prefixed to names of persons, tribes and places: fionnMhuire, Dán Dé ii 21 . fionnGhaoidhil, TD 1.56 . re fóir bhfionnBhaoille, 16.62 .

III In proper names.

(a) of persons: see Zimmer, KZ xxxii 158 ff ., Meyer, Wortk. 213 .

(b) common in place-names: Finn-glas, ¤glenn, ¤loch, ¤mag, etc., see Onom.

(c) in people-names: ¤gall a fair-haired foreigner orig. applied to Norwegians settled in Ireland (opp. to Dubgall Dane): Ragnall ... rí Finngall ┐ Dubgall, AU 920 . forgla Frangc ┐ Findgall, MR 110.11 . Later used of the Anglo-Norman invaders and their descendants, opp. to Gall = a contemporary invader: araill d'uaislibh na bFionnghall dusfangatar an insi fecht riamh ... ind agaidh na nGall dusficcset fa dheóidh a críochaibh Saxan, Hugh Roe 12.4 (f. 3a) . an Róisteach ... ┐ a bhen ... d'écc ... ┐ ni bhaí dfionnghallaibh Ereann ... lánamain rob oirdearca ináit-sidhe, AFM v 1798.11 . Of people of Hebrides (see Rannsachadh na Gàidhlig i 13 ): Ailín ler coisnadh clár Fionnghall, Rel. Celt. ii 218.5 . Crioch Fhionnghall anaimsir ailín, 220.21 . ¤ genti white heathens (contr. with Dub-g., q.v.), Norsemen: lucht ocht xxi t long di ḟindgentib AU 851 . Finngheinnte, Keat., iii 2457 . ¤lochlonnach a Norwegian (opp. to Dubl. a Dane); `a name given in Ireland to a Norweigian signifying Lakelander, in contradiction to a Dane who was called Dubhlochlannach i.e., a more foreign or strange lakelander' P. O'C. [gairthear] Fionnlochlonnaigh do lucht na Noruaegia, Keat. iii 2457 . Also the people of the Hebrides: Éireannaigh féin fionnLochlannaigh the Hebrideans are also Irish, CMCS xxxviii 23 . ¤lochlanna the Hebrides: i mbun a ghabháltuis féin i nAlbuin, agus i bhFionnlochlonnaibh, L. Cl. A. B. 51 § 7 . ¤genti `fair gentiles' (Norwegians) Cog. 20z . See AFM i p. 482 .

fisraige

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fisraige or dil.ie/22238

 

Forms: fiosruighe

as vn. of fisraigid : fiosruighe S. Elizabeth Visitation Mackinnon Cat. 102.32 . créd fa ttugadh Cinn Choire | os diot is coír a fiosraighe | ar dhúnadh Fh.?, Duan. F. ii 282 § 123 . g s. fedh na fiosruighe during the visitation RSClára 131a (cf. fisrugad). Apparently formed by contamination with fiafraighe (1 fíafraigid).

fo-gní

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fo-gní or dil.ie/22781
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: fognad, fognid, fognat, fongni, -fognai, fongniat, -fognat, fogníth, fogníd, -fognad, -fogna, fognem, fogneith, -fognad, fungensa, fogéna, foruigéni, foruigenai, forrogéna, -forgeni, -forgein, -forgeni, -forgénsam, foruigensid, foruigensat, fosrugensat, fosrugensatar, foruigénair, -forgenair, fogníther, gníter, fognífe, fom-gnifet, fognifet, fog(a)n-, ognaid, foghnuidh, -ḟognand, foighéanaidh, ḟógnais, ḟogain, ḟogainset, ḟoghainset, fegfognad, fognaigther, fognaighter

v O. Ir. forms: ipv. 3 s. fognad, Wb. 20b11 . 2 pl. fognid, 3b28 . 3 pl. fognat, AM 14.105 . ind. pres. 3 s. amal fongni , 12a12 . -fognai, Laws i 228.16 . 3 pl. fongniat, Ml. 112b4 . -fognat, Sg. 203a17 . imperf. 3 s. fogníth, LU 6433 . fogníd, Mon. Tall. § 12 . -fognad, Hy ii 6 . subj. pres. 3 s. -fogna, Wb. 12a12 . 1 pl. fognem, Wb. 5d19 . 2 pl. fogneith, 20a11 . past 3 s. -fognad, Trip. 16.26 (207) . fut. 1 s. lasse fungensa , Ml. 78d2 . 3 s. fogéna, Sg. 198a19 . perf. 3 s. foruigéni, Wb. 13b7 . foruigenai, Trip. 16.20 ( -génai, Trip.² 202 . Cf. forrogéna .i. do fhoghain, O'Cl.). -forgeni, Ml. 44c9 . -forgein (leg. -forgeni), Mon. Tall. § 80 . 1 pl. -forgénsam, Wb. 3c15 . 2 pl. foruigensid, 3b28 . 3 pl. foruigensat, 1b22 . fosrugensat, SR 3690 . fosrugensatar, 5251 . Dep. 3 s. foruigénair, Trip. 16.26 (208) . -forgenair ZCP iii 248 n. 18 .

Pass. pres. s. fogníther, Wb. 27b9 . pl. amal fon gníter , ib.

Vn. fognam, q.v.

Later forms: fut. 3 s. fognífe, Trip. 70.10 (746) . pl. fom-gnifet, SR 852 . fognifet, BB 278a37 (= fogenaid, 129a18 ). Commonly in Mid. Ir. the verb is treated as a weak simplex, with stem fog(a)n-. Cf. fogniat .i. ..., fognait ... fogniter .i. fognaither doib, Laws v 96. 14 - 15 . pres. 3 s. ognaid, IGT 111 ex. 396 . foghnuidh, Proverbs xvii 22 . -ḟognand, LL 145b40 . fut. 3 s. foighéanaidh, TD 9.54 . pret. - perf. 2 s. ro ḟógnais PH 8244 . 3 ro ḟogain , LU 270 . PH 4574 . pl. dia ra ḟogainset , PH 7085 . nir ḟoghainset , CCath. 1993 .

I In general sense serves, is of use

(a) serves, is subject to (a person), with acc. or DO: saer daer dagdana daig fogniat ┐ fogniter they serve and are served Laws v 96.10 . foruigénairsom .uíí. mbliadna fo bés na nEbraidi, Trip. 16.26 (208) . in ré foghnad while they are giving service (of oxen, cows, etc.) Laws iv 106.19 Comm. gaire cach fir fine fogne fine ina foltaib coiraib, iii 54.2 ( SM Facs. 52a ). óre as ṅdúil foruigensat nach dúlem it is the creature they have served, not the Creator Wb. 1b22 . amal fongníter ídil síc fogníther donaib ánib as idols are served, so service is rendered to riches 27b9 . fognad cach dialailiu, Wb. 20b11 . fomgnifet ind il-aiṅgil, SR 852 . ni fognai lam laim (.i. ni fognand lam ... do laim), Laws i 228.16 (legal maxim, `hand does not serve hand'). in dias aile, fosgniat mor di tuathaib, AU 624 = dia fognad, AFM 620 . tánic [Pledias = Palladius] co roḟogain do Dia i Fordun, LU 270 . co toimniudh cech ae ... dia bhfoghnad cumad do a oenar foighneth, Lism. L. 144 . in Día día fegfognad (imperf.) LU 4316 = dia ndegḟognand, LL 145b 40 . Niall bus rí ... ┐ is dō foigēnat a brāthri, ZCP viii 304z . is dó fhoighentai ┐ foighenus in cenel-sa him both ye and this race shall serve Lism. L. 1837 . Cf. a gabail fodagniat, Laws iv 282.12 ( SM Facs. 4a2 ). olc an tigerna dar fhognumar, RC xiv 32 . tigernas diabuil dia rafhogainset anallana, PH 7085 . (fig.) fognad dúib ág is ernbas! may danger and destruction wait on you! Metr. Dinds. iii 90 . With DI of thing used: na fearanda dia fodnaidis (= which they tilled), Lec. 185vb10 (= BB 255a30 (fognaitis). is and is ben-si intan fognaithir dia sliasait, Auraic. 609 = fognaigther, 3086 . fogníatt dia n-airbert bioth they conform to their manner of life Hugh Roe 178y (f. 48a) . dia mbad choire órdaigi | co ndrolaib óir da fognann with rings (staves ?) of gold which it serves (i.e. by which it is moved? `with golden hooks to move it' MR 59 ) FDG 503 .

Cf. (of a shield:) inbaid fogníth ind oclaig [ = in t-oclach LL] fáeborchless di, LU 6433 = TBC-LL¹ 2579 (= in uair doriged a les in t-oglaech sin faeburcles do dhenamh dib, H 2.17 ). See II.

With transference of obj. renders service as equivalent for; renders, pays: mad in ceile bis daidbir, fogni lōg ina set (.i. .. do ni seic logh na set d'fognum) he renders the value of the `seds' in service Laws ii 340.1 . secht seotu ... fogniat enech (sic leg.), i 134.10 Comm . conidh iaramh foghnaid cis `they pay tribute' Leb. Cert. 110.19 = fogniat, BB 273a12 .

Cf. is a fidnemedaib fognitis filid a ngressa, O'Mulc. 830 (this may belong to II).

(b) of things, etc. with DO of pers., serves = is used (by): a [n]gnathbérla fogni do cach, ACL iii 247.23 . na tri chonnsuine dhég fhoghnus do luchd dénta an dána dírigh IGT, Introd. § 1 . popal iat da fognaitis fesa ┐ faistine who were wont to employ CCath. 725 . conidh hī-sin ealada rofodhain doib ō sin amach, ZCP xii 291.36 . crú ... nár ḟoghain d'each that was never worn by a horse TD 29.27 . as ruamhar fognídh dia mhanc[h]aib (i.e. his monks used spades, not ploughs) BNnÉ 294§18 . do denamh na hairce gos na haidhmibh rosfoghain (sic MS.) di with the tools required for it Leb. Gab.(i) i 8 . do gach ni ro fhoighenadh do daoinibh ib. tuc ... bachall dó ┐ ... gach indstraimint eli do foigeonadh d'espog that a bishop would need BCC § 252 . nach catu forfogain doib a nErinn whatever honour was paid to them Laws i 46.18 . Absol. : atat .clv. bliadan and o roḟogain int argat sain since that money was current LL 361 marg. sup. ( Mart. Tall. 114 ). ni fognae a thelgadh noe is not in use Auraic. 1871 . Impers. pass.: ní haclaigh cia fognaighter innaib `nothing is demanded if service is obtained from them' (sc. impounded animals) Laws iv 106.17 Comm.

Cf. is timna Rechta rofoghnamh (rofoghnad v.l.) doibh it is the testament of the Law they used (i.e. followed) IT iii 202x .

(c) is of use to, avails, profits , with DO (and sometimes obj. NÍ). ni ro fogain tra ni do Moingḟind in chelg sin, RC xxiv 180 . do treced tigerna ... arna hetalaib ┐ arna buaib nar fogain doib, Ann. Conn. 1236 § 8 (but ALC has here: ar na hédalaib tarla dhóibh ann sin mar nar ḟoghuin `as became them not'). athfuabairt Atha Luain ... acht nochor foghain doib, RC xviii 57.29 . tuc F. claidheamh leis ┐ nir fhodhuin dó it did not help him ITS xix 52 . nír ḟoghainset a n-urchair ... dóibh o hoin anunn then they could not make use of their casts (i.e. could not shoot their arrows, etc., they were so close together) CCath. 1993 . a rádh nach foghnann commaoine ... dona marbhaibh is of no use to TSh. 4332 . nar ḟoghain dóibh gan uisge d'faghail that they must needs procure water Ériu v 186.409 . olc do fhoghain dí ... tocht dí dá chobhair, Dán Dé ii 18 . foigheánaidh dáibh `it shall profit them' (of a course of action) TD 9.54 . inné nach foghnann duit duine ele dot breith ann sin? will it not do you to be carried there by some one else? BNnÉ 179.4 . ní fhognaim dhuit mar dhearbhráthair, PBocht 6 § 22 . Of medical treatment: don cuislinn, tuic curub doib so is mó foghnus `that it avails most for' Rosa Angl. 42.4 . Of attire, etc.: an t-edach nar foghain di, Duan. F. ii 332 . ní hé gach aonṡrian ḟoghnas don each, Studies 1933, 406 .

Absol. : slainti ┐ sirc[h]ennsa as edh ḟognus ann, ZCP viii 204 § 25 [is practised (?) Cf. d]. Med.: adeir G. na fognann cuisle sa cas sin, Rosa Angl. 42z . ni ro foghain it was of no avail RC xxxvii 346 § 24 . foghnuidh croidhe súgach amhuil leighios, Proverbs xvii 22 .

(d) With LA of pers. is used (by), passing into sense is practised (by), is the wont (of): forrugeine la Gaidelai flesc idaith domitte frissna collnai the G. used to employ a rod to measure corpses Corm. Y 606 (forugena LB). fidad inní forfogen la G. di tomus coland, Thr. Ir. Gl. 21 . cnoī bongar dia domnaich ní fogní leisim a cathim it is not his practice to eat Mon. Tall. § 13 (= nir ghnath leis ..., Rule of Tallaght § 62 ). isí figeld fodgníod la Duiblitir, Mon. Tall. § 33 (= as gnath le, Rule of Tallaght § 102 ). sailm ... ┐ biait fogníad madin la sochuidi `are used by some' Mon. Tall. § 5 . ainm do c[h]oire ... fognithe la hoes cerda. Is e ... cruth fogniad la haes cerda a caldron that was used by the poets. This is how they used it (leg. fogníd ? ) Corm. Y 141 .

Cf. nach tan ... bither cen rig isnaib tuathaib is brathcai fogni etorra .i. fria urradus, Corm. Y 144 = fogniad forru fri hu., Thr. Ir. Gl. 7 .

(e) with FRI serves with regard to = is construed with (a case, part of speech); for idiom cf. servit autem hoc uerbum fri tobarthid, Thes. ii 227.33 ( PCr. 59a2 ): fri áinsid fogní in briathar asberr intelligo the verb `intelligo' is construed with an accusative Sg. 149a4 . intain foṅgniat fri anmman when they are construed with nouns 220b9 . fri a cocenél fogéna, 198a19 . ni fognat fri a ngenitnesidi 203a17 . A similar construction is loosely used in follg.: is briathar ... `abco' ┐ is fria sidhe fogniat in trachturi ceill n-aile the commentators use it in another sense Hib. Min. 14. 466 .

II Through confusion of preverbs (cf. Ériu xiv 129 ) in Mid. Ir. period frequently used in deuterot. forms for do-gní: smirammair fogní C. do chnāmib, TBC-LL¹ 4624 = do rinne St. cluichi puill fognithi for faichthi na Emna, 972 . is aire fogníd Medb sin, 697 (dogníd St). fogni atlaigthi buide do Dia, PH 6663 . and sin bhoghní C. ulcha smerthain fair, RC xv 63 . fogniat snáth do thusmhedh they cause fibre to be produced Marco P. 26 . gach osadh fogníodh Rónán robrisedh Suibhne, BS § 7 . fognítis [rognidis v.l.] gnímu garga, Metr. Dinds. iii 368 . gach cinel ciuil rob āl doib fógnitis fochétoir, Aisl. Tond. 117 § 2 . is a chumachta-side fonrignine cen mescai, LL 282b5 ( YBL 138a33 reads: fonrigmidne). ni ba sindadh no aoradh fogniset, ZCP vii 305.13 . bognítha guin gal[ann] de, CRR § 26 . Cf. O'Mulc. 830 , cited at end of I a above.

fothraicid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fothraicid or dil.ie/24195

 

Forms: fo-truic-, fóthrúicther, foilc, fothraic, dotfothraig, not-f.

v i (usually treated as simple vb., but originally a compd.: fo-truic-, cf. Fél. May 8 cited below) bathes, washes , generally of total immersion, less often of partial ablution; trans., refl. and intrans. pass. pres. s. fóthrúicther, Thes. i 4.25 (Southampton Psalter 47a ). anais co foilc ┐ co fothraic, LU 4782 (in the vocab. to his Stories from the Tain Strachan took foilc and fothraic as acc. sg. and through over-sight the error remained uncorrected in the subsequent editions). fothraic in cétna culén i fín ... forḟothraic in tanaise i corcair, LL 319c38 . sruth tened, sruth snechtaide ... is intib sin nos fotraicet slúaig ... na ndemna LU 2237 ( FA 30 ). nofothraic Lugaid ... il-loch L. ros-fothraic dano Fial ... sind abaind ..., LL 13a7 . ni rosfoilc ┐ ni rosfothraic, CCath. 1170 . fothruicfídh é féin a n-uisce, Levit. xvii 15 . a chuithem ... i na fothraictís na demnu PH 8270 . inna fuil fo-truicset, Fél. May 8 . With A(S) of liquid, etc.: atnaig usce ina chúach ... ┐ fothraicis ass, LU 4262 ( SG 84 ). robhennach ... uiscci ┐ ro fothraiccit an rioghan ass, BNnÉ 14 § 8 . dotfothraig [ = not-f.] eissi (i.e. in the well), Cóir Anm. 251 . With FOR: ro delbad ... .ccc. bo craind cona línphattaib dubodraib ... ┐ fos fothraicit iar sin for dubrota, LL 169a28 (= rofothraicit, Dinds. 46 ). Immerses, plunges: meni fothraicthe sin choire fola ... hí (of a spear) LL 267b28 ( MU² 742 ). By extension, of plunging or thrusting into solids: gur ḟothruicheadar an da laighin ... san laochmhileadh, ML 126.28 (... fothraicedar, etc. ML² 1686 ). Cf. fosnessa sleig culind i n-a bond traiged coras fothraic eter feoil ┐ chnam, TBC-LL¹ 2187 = cur rusfotraic St; Windisch's expl. (as = rus-fothraigd = ro thregd, see tris-gata) seems unjustified; possibly the infixed pron. is reflex. so that it plunged i.e. ran between flesh and bone. rofotraicsidar ... an mbrath luirg ` brandished ' TTebe 1002 = quassabat Theb. ii 619 is evidently corrupt.

Vn. fothrucud, q.v.

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