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ad-anaig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-anaig or dil.ie/294

 

Forms: atnagar, -adhnas, nommadnaiss, adnastar, adanastais, atomanaste, adnasta, adnocht, adnacht, adranact, adranacht, adnacht, adnacht, roadnachta, adnaicid, adlaicid, annlaicid, adnachte, adnacul

v ( ad-anag-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 456 ). Forms: Indic. pres. pass. sg. atnagar (influenced by vn., Ped. loc. cit.), LU 10472 . Subj. pres. 1 s. -adhnas, RC x 82.22 . 2 s. nommadnaiss, Trip.² 922 . Pass. sg. adnastar, 2991 . Subj. impf. 3 pl. co adanastais , Ml. 100c23 . Pass. s. atomanaste, Wb. 14c20 . no adnasta , Trip.² 2987 . Perf. 3 s. ro adnocht , RC xxiv 182.12 . Pret. pass. sg. adnacht, MacCarthy 150.11 . Perf. adranact, Thes. ii 242.10 (Ardm.). adranacht .i. ro adnacht , ACC § 113 ( RC xx 280 ). ro adnacht , Trip.² 2994 . Pass. pl. roadnachta, Rawl. 79a3 .

Later as simple vb. adnaicid, adlaicid, annlaicid.

Part. adnachte, Sg. 20a4 .

Vn. adnacul.

(a) escorts, conveys, brings: atomanaste gl. uolui . . . deduci, Wb. 14c20 . atnagar Emer hisin Craebrúaid co Concobur E. is escorted into the C., LU 10472 .

(b) buries, entombs: co adanastais gl. ut mandarentur terrae, Ml. 100c23 . atbath som ┐ adranacht hi firt, O'Curry 779 (H 3.18 p. 365b). ar ecnairc a adnacail atranacht i cloich, Ériu i 122.31 . adradnacht cend Conchobuir / for a cholaind i Machi, LU 11060 . acht corom adnaicthi i mmullach T. provided I be buried on top of T., Trip.² 802 . corus adnaic hi talmain Uisneich, Dinds. 7 ( RC xv 297 ). roadnaicset a marbv, TTr.² 1258 . ro-cuindig . . . airm i n-adnaicfidea where she should be buried, Dinds. 18 ( RC xv 311 ). ro-m-uc lais cus-in ádnocul in ro-ádnaicius hé, PH 3735 . fuair bás obann . . . ┐ do hadhnaiceadh i n-ifreann, TSh. 563 . dohadlaiced co honorach hi (i.e. in choland) ┐ dohadnaiced imorro . . . in cend, ZCP xiv 150.14 . adhlaicthear thú . . ./ i n-uaigh chumhaing, Dán Dé iii 26 . gach nech adhlaicfithir am reigleis, BNnÉ 111 § 52 . airi sin nach andlaiccear a nD. . . . caillech, ZCP v 22 § 8 . adēr rib dā n-andlaicther / in cāech a nDruim na n-aingel / iffernd don lucht aindleōchas, § 9. an eclus inar handluicedh Martain, BCC § 255 .

1 aithech,

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aithech, or dil.ie/2605
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: athach, athaig

n o, m. (aithe). See LEIA a.¤ (cóir), athach, eathach (lochdach) m., IGT Decl. § 11 , § 55 . Note however, athaig (g s.): athair, Éigse viii 290 § 12 and n. 0

Lit. rent-payer; vassal, peasant .

(a) In legal contexts used of a particular class of tenant and sometimes to describe the commoner as opposed to the noble. See Críth G. p. 74 ; ZCP xv 245 . ethach .i. quasi aithech .i. doniter a aithe for neach, O'Curry 105 ( H 3.18, 70 ). a.¤ .i. fer braith ut est taidhe cach a.¤ .i. is amail gataide in fer braith nó in fer forinaiter féich, O'Dav. 37 . Cf. táid gach a.¤ | a.¤ gach ainbh, Ériu xiii 20.14 . a.¤ = briuga, Harl. 5280, 53b (Plummer MS. notes). athaigh .i. íocaidhe, O'Cl. flaith ┐ a.¤ `lord and vassal', Thes. ii 238.12 ( Ardm. 17a2 ). fri tige cach na.¤ , Ml. 92d15 . athaig ┐ bachlaich domeled sin uile, SCano 345 . flaith athuigh na bid flaith a athair i.e. a noble whose father was a commoner, `Bauer-Herr', ZCP xv 245 § 4 . ní dlig a.¤ mraich cor[o]p flaith, Críth G. 254 . díre n-aithig honour-price paid by an a., 530 . athich cacha slointe di ṡhund huma anechclann the commoners of every family from here on with their e., Rawl. 118b38 . adnacol do cholaind aithich thuaithe a peasant of the tribe (laity?), RC x 82.12 . soifid roúall . . . i mmaccu a.¤ .i. grád fene no chille, LL 188c1 ( RC xxvi 42.1 ). ait[h]ech cách co hEogan húais, ZCP viii 299 z . ísel cech athech, Tec. Corm. § 15.15 . ó a.¤ co righ, ML² 836 . athig i comairli ríg / mairg tír i tic in scél, Ériu ix 48 § 23 . aondath i n-éadach moghaidh, dá dhath i n-éadach an aithigh, Keat. ii 1918 . aithigh Laighion / siad ós maithibh measfuidhior, LBranach 5776 = DDána 117.16 . gach saoirfhear ann badh aitheach, 72.32 . Prov.: as ait[h]ech cāch gan deōladh no one is so exalted but he can do with assistance(?), ML² 162 .

With qualifying clause, gen., etc. a.¤ ara-threba a deich (so called because his stock is numbered in tens, and represented as standing midway between the ócaire and the bóaire, Críth G. p. 77 ): cateat fodlai bóairech? dá ḟer midboth(a) ┐ óccaire ┐ a.¤ arathreba a deich, 17 . a.¤ arathreba a deich, deichde a búar sidi, 132 . a.¤ baitside (baitsid, baitse), meaning doubtful; is é a.¤ baitside inso dia mbé in[n]a enncai cen gait, cen brait cen guin doíne acht láa catha nó nech toṡaig a chenn fair, Críth G. 142 and n. a.¤ forrtha (fortha), one appointed to take the king's place in legal actions against him, see forrtha.¤ im athechu bunaid (.i. na aithig ḟortha) im athechu cis (.i. na doerchele), Cóic Con. 21 § 14 .

(b) In pejorative sense churl, boor, uncouth person: contall a chenn dind aithiuch labar, Ml. 58c6 . in triar a.¤ . . . ro anacht Cú Ch., BDD² 1287 . robo leanamnach int a.¤ (aidech, LU), TBC-I¹ 1207 . ni thecat da fuapairt / acht [mad] athig mith, TBC-LL¹ 3371 (see meth). is duit dosratsam ┐ ni dont ṡenaithiuch ucat (of Rónán), Fing. R. 67 . ni tú as cóir dia chairigud . . . a.¤ samlut (of Lugaid Mac Con), RC xiii 438 § 9 . bríathra athig churlish words, LU 5450 (TBC). in t-eathach, Acall. 5532 . dias aitheach oc ingairi cairech, YBL 122a2 . cumala ┐ athig na Pers, Alex. 390 . athig ┐ doeraicme, TTr.² 1303 . ar ba haitheach somh a h-ucht treóin `being a plebeian representative of a hero', AFM iii 178.17 . a tigh aithigh ┐ áonmná / caithidh sibh an cáomlá ar cúairt, IGT Decl. ex. 363 .

In phr. a.¤ feda base tree (oppd. to aire feda). Used of letters of the alphabet: athaigh feada, Laws iv 146.19 , 24 . airigh fedha ┐ athaig fedha . . . athaig fedha .i. fern, sail, bethi etc., Auraic. 1151 = aithig, 4249 .

(c) giant, monster: immacomarnaic dó ┐ don scál. tresi cluchi ind athig, LU 8538 ( FB § 39 ). da aitheach forgranna, Aisl. Tond. 98 § 1 . ar neimib a n-arm na n-athach n-uathmar n-agarbh, BB 43b1 . lorg in fhathaigh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1006 . ris an athach darbh ainm Goliath, TSh. 10937 . combarala dam ┐ dond a.¤ (of the Cyclops), Mer. Uil. 56 . ethach ┐ arderrad ┐ fogmoir, Stair Erc. 1290 . is i in [n]aithir neime .i. in t-a.¤ aingide (of the custodian of the Garden of the Hesperides), 254 . tú an aithir sheang . . . / is ceann aithigh uirrei-se, DDána 50.10

COMPDS. ¤-aicme vassal tribe: seacht n-aitheachaicme robadar isin tir re tiachtain de Uib Eachach, ZCP xiv 44 § 6 . ¤-lus lit. churl's herb (protection against the evil eye ? Celtica xxiv 38 ): righlus ┐ tarblus ┐ a. . . . a. do ghradaibh feine, O'D. 2365 ( Rawl. B. 506, f. 43b ). ¤-matad base dog (term of contempt): ni tocrad dam int aitheachmattud [do] gleid (glieid, LU) frisin coin moir, TBC-I¹ 1228 . aithechmadad druthsotal, 1594 . ciarso dúal don athiuch-matud saigid forsin árchoin, TBC-LL¹ 1935 . ¤-phort rent-paying town: trí aithechpuirt (.i. bailte bodaich) Hérenn: Clúain Iraird, Glenn Dá Locha, Lugbad, Triads 33 and note p. 36.

¤-thúath subject people (see Mac Neill, Early Irish Population-Groups, PRIA xxix (C) 59 - 114 , O'Rahilly, EIHM p. 154 ff. ): ro díbdáit uili cland Ugaine Máir la athechthúathaib Herend . . . ┐ ro gabsat athechthuatha Herend flathemnas Temrach, LL 7308 . ba di athechthuathaib Herend dó, 14616 . na haitheachthúatha ┐ Cinél Conaill . . . ag argain an bhaile, Ériu v 76.16 . le daorchlannaibh nó lé hathachthuathaibh Éireann, Keat. ii 3702 . annam lib athechthuatha do tháinsemad bartrenfer, LL 238b25 ( TTr. 1617 ).

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1 claidid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 claidid or dil.ie/9329

 

Forms: claide, claisse

v (cf. clad). In O. Ir. with s-subj. and redup. pret. In Mid. Ir. the stem claid-, cloid- or claoid- (for which see Murphy, Duan. F. Gloss. s.v. clódh ) spreads to all tenses.

(a) digs, excavates : cladait inna lige i mbiat `they dig the lairs in which they are', Ml. 76d14 . tir . . . a claetar poll, i curtar lia, Laws iv 6.11 . dia claite derc for whom a hole used to be dug, Cáin Ad. 2 . ní claide ro clas rempe no hole was dug for it (of a fork planted in the ground), LU 4813 . atá loch usci and. fegtar ┐ claiter. ro claided ┐ fríth, 177 . meilid fāebra . . . claidig (= -id) būrach, TBC-I¹ 3446 . ro fothaig eclais . . . ┐ ro claid topur occi, Trip.² 1221 . in t-uma fora claiter in aill `the copper for which the cliff is pierced', Laws i 188.x Comm. mani cláitis in talmain fothu `unless they mined', CCath. 3114 . cluidh ┐ clasacha . . . ro chlaidhset an Gaoidelshluagh, Hugh Roe² 180.11 . ? Here: ro claoi [in torc] an talamh, gur bo réigh, BNnÉ 104 § 6 .

(b) digs up, undermines, razes to the ground, levels : rumúgsat no rocechladatar gl. (altaria tua) suffuderunt, Wb. 5a24 . trethan dilenn os cach maig / is mor n-írenn ro cechlaid, SR 2234 (-laig, MS.). no chlaided na muru . . . ┐ no linged dar bernadaib, LU 8931 ( FB 70 ). ro claidhsid iarom na tri Cholla Eamuin Macha ┐ ni ros-aitrebsad Ulaid innti o sin alle `razed', RC xvii 29.32 (Tig.). claidfiter durthigi Dē `will tunnel beneath', Ériu xviii 70 § 58 . da ro clasa a n-indsi ┐ a nduini, BB 500b34 . Cf. ro múradh ┐ ro mórchlaidheadh an toilén . . . lás an Iustis, AFM v 1742.5 . vi 2022.2 .

(c) digs (a grave), constructs (a grave-mound): cor clasta a fert that his grave might be dug, LU 10738 . cladar a fert, 5704 (= TBC-I¹ 1230 ). rocechladar fert fōtmaig, TBC-I¹ 3143 . a mná fodéin claidset clud . . . / dia adnacul, Metr. Dinds. iv 76.15 . dos-bert (= as-bert) frim ara clasaind adhnacol do cholaind aithich, RC x 82.11 . cloidhis uaigh dá athair, DDána 41.23 ( IGT Verbs ex. 974 ).

(d) builds, constructs (an earthen mound and vallum): clasa (? clas a) rath la Cormac, Cymmr. xiv 106 § 3 ( Rawl. 131b35 ); but cf. roclasa a fert and, Dinds. 58 . m. Airtt . . . lasro chlassa duini hi tossuch, Rawl. 148b17 . oc imresain atām dūs . . . cia las roclassa ind rāith so, Ériu viii 157.17 . Macha . . . / las class Emain, LL 2659 . ro claitea clad (? leg. claid) imma tech, Metr. Dinds. i 4.33 . gur c[h]laidhemar aile n-ūir / gor thōgsamar trī rátha, ML² 2082 . aingil ro chlaidset mur a chille do, Fél.² clxxx 19 . ro claidh ┐ ro thorainn an cill, BNnÉ 300 § 2 . Cf. ra chlaitar in talmain dara formnaib, LL 12368 ( TBC-LL¹ 6145 ).

(e) By extension, buries : a corp 'san chill-si claittear, ZCP xiii 17.35 . cona[d]-claid-sium dano oc suide buried him, Sc.M² 23.18 . ? Here: o bas Abraim . . . / gor' claidhed clann Partaloin, MacCarthy 312 § 3 (`were smitten'. Cf. clóaid).

Vn. claide. Part. claisse.

colainn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. colainn or dil.ie/10477

 

Forms: colann, colann, calann, colinn, colno, chollno, cholin, colinn, -ain

n i, f. Later colann. colann calann f., IGT Decl. § 37 . Cf. indiu is do cendaib colla tall, Laws i 44.1 . n s. colinn, Wb. 26a23 . g s. (inna) colno , 4a9 (gl. carnem), 9c10 , 31d2 . chollno, Wb. 3d1 . d s. cholin, 10b20 . colinn, 15d14 . -ain, Ml. 38c9 .

(a) body; flesh : is Iesse as bunad do-ssom . . . iár colinn gl. secundum carnem, Wb. 6d10 . ar n-athir iar colinn, 2b23 . hi fóisite césto dia cholin-som, 3d24 . ar colno císu `the taxes of our flesh', Thes. ii 325.19 (Hy. iv). tol cholno (attrib. g s.), Wb. 20c20 . ar Chríst crochais c.¤ , Fél. Mar. 12 . itir lacht ┐ gnimraidh ┐ c.¤ (of cattle), Laws ii 66.18 . ri thanic i colla crí, SR 7517 . sírchóemna m'anmasa / scéo colla, LU 1194 . dergnat colla, 3470 ( SCC 25 ). i llaxai ┐ i téti a collai, 2195 ( FA 27 ). caradradh do cholna .i. cairdes cíche ┐ glúine, Ériu xiii 45.22 . ar nís gaodae fír chairde na caraid colna, 44.25 . gérbho soicenelach hé iar cc.¤ , RC xxv 390 § 3 . colund gl. caro, Ir. Gl. 919 . o chaithes in choland in mbiad, PH 4800 . an chalann chuil, Dán Dé xxviii 33 . chalann (: anam), TSh. 3314 (cit.). (attá) i colainn (is) alive; (is) in human form : ro bói Crist i colinn gl. secundum carnem, Wb. 15d14 . céin bai hi colaind, LU 1967 ( FA 3 ). tearc do choimbeodha i gcoluinn, DDána 74.64 .

(b) corpse, carcass; trunk : troigh mná troghain / for a ccollaib, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919, 93 § 19 . cend na mnā for indara burt ┐ colann for in burt n-ailiu, Cáin Ad. 7 . urba ria collaib (it is lawful) to make a gap for the conveyance of corpses, Laws iv 154.22 . cach mairt mainighther coland i sleib, v 330.15 Comm. co farnic in colann cen cend, Corm. Y 1018 (p. 87.y). uallfaidh coin ōs collaib crē, Ériu xviii 70 § 59 . bā coland cen chend / bā cend cen cholaind (of a useless proceeding), MacCongl. 73.12 , 13 .

(d) In Laws, material subject of a bargain etc.; principal, capital, object pledged or lent; corpus delicti; basis, ground, cause (of a claim, charge); substance (of which an article is made); is ruidhlis do neoch an dosli a coland fadeisin (i.e. a man is fully entitled to what his own capital earns), O'Curry 396 ( H 3.18, 221a ). duine dorigne cunnra . . . ┐ nocho rucadh colann uadha (i.e. the subject of the bargain was not actually handed over), O'D. 575 ( H 3.17, 443 ). fer meodhon gaide . . . ┐ nocha tarrustar colund aice (i.e. the stolen article was not found with him), O'Curry 2159 ( Eg. 88, 4 ). techta fuillema gill capuill . . . ailid tri ech ina muin la aithgin a collnna compensation equivalent to the original pledge, Laws v 406.3 . techta fuillema gill escra . . . do-s-li .u. seotu trenib . . . trian di setaib faithche, trian di setaib tige, trian di colaind fadeisin, la aithgin a chollnna i comdire a escra, 410.3 , 4 ( di colaind fadesin .i. di comchinoil .i. di umha, 10 Comm. ). ni lais dire a seoit, acht c.¤ aithgena nama `nur das Corpus (der Gegenstand) des Ersatzes' (of a `fuidir'), Ir. Recht 63 § 1 (coland v.l.) (i.e. because the lord to whom he is bound pays his fines, he also gets the `díre' due to the `fuidir' whose goods have been stolen or damaged) = Laws v 512.5 . fertair c.¤ aithgena cachae dia trise co [m]boin inna muin `the body of compensation of each is paid after three days, with a cow in addition,' Laws v 400.z . it dilsi collnaib ┐ aithginaib `sind sie verfallen, die Gegenstände (selber) und (= oder ihr) Ersatz', ZCP xiv 379 § 42 . is tualaing a lesaigthi ar in nech do beir no cren acht coland fri rathugad techta nama (of levying compensation for stolen goods introduced into a (king's) residence), Laws iii 242.1 (? he is liable for the restoration only of the object stolen if his good faith is adequately vouched for). ní híctur acht colunn náma the original pledge only (not the increase, in the case of an animal which has had young while in pledge), i 280.16 Comm. fuilgenn .i. inas na colla nó aithgin `increase of the . . . object pledged(?) or the equivalent', O'Dav. 862 . fer i taib no [in] airceand íte coland a feich `(the destruction of) the grass at the side or at the end (of the field) is the substance of the liability', Laws iv 120.z . eacur colla fiach adgairtur dicolla athgabail `let the original debts claimed be balanced against the original distress', ii 98.5 , 6 . do tuitet a colann feich olchena `they are all forfeited for the original debt', i 224.3 Comm. Also with follg. sét (g p.), colainn sét being translated Wertgegenstand by Thurneysen: ferdair collna set i naithcu(i)r `es werden (nur) die Wertgegenstände (selber) als Rückgabe gegeben', ZCP xiv 387 § 52 ( Laws ii 322.5 ). con-fodlait(h)er colla set saire i n-erenaiter fri somaine `es werden die Wertgegenstände mit der "Freiheit", in der sie gegeben worden sind, gegen die Leistungen abgewogen', ibid. (2). la diabul n-aithgina do collnaib set ┐ do somaine `neben dem Doppel-Ersatz der Wertgegenstände und der Leistungen', 390 § 57 (330.5). is eccen a n-athgin fo coibne fria collna set, no set adgo fechem dar a n-esse `compensation proportionate to the original articles' (of fine goblets etc. given in pledge), Laws v 408.2 . mad ar diumand in ceile in-asa in flaith a seotu, is dilis don cele log n-einech dib do collaib set aithgena, na toglen somaine collna set `ist dem Genossen sein Ehrenpreis aus ihnen, aus den Wertgegenständen des Ersatzes verfallen, ohne dass den Wertgegenständen Leistungen anhaften', ZCP xiv 391 § 59 ( Laws ii 336.5 , 6). ? ro fes as n-erraithi de collna denta .i. ro fes conad e ícus intí doroine denta indlightecha frisin colainn, O'Curry 2160 ( Eg. 88, 4 ).

Compds. With noun. -ér(a)ic wergild : colainn-ēr(a)ic `Leichen-Bezahlung', Ir. Recht 14.13 . colannéric deoraidh do thabhairt inntu `die Tötungsbusse eines Ausländers', 68.3 . co colainderce cert `to the exact amount of the body-price', Bretha 23 . With Vn. claidem cruaidhgher colundledartha, Aen. 2499 . With adj. i mogal cháidh cholannghlan, Aithd. D. 76.7 .

culuaim

Cite this: eDIL s.v. culuaim or dil.ie/13780

 

n cath sír soich fir fiched fri coluaim . . . .i. . . . fri culuain no fúachtnaiged fría cholaind , LU 1076 `he used to fight against the Flesh' (colainn), ACC 110 .

deichelt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. deichelt or dil.ie/15123
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: degiult, dechiult, dechealta, dechelta, degcelt, dicelt

n o (`dé + celt double garment, cf. uestis duplex, Judges xvii 10 ,' Plummer MS. notes). Probably neut.: dechelt n-amra, Corm. Y 1059 . ishé i[nde]chellt, Wb. 27b16 , only instance in O.Ir. Glosses, and reading doubtful. Appar. f. in: deceelt chorcra, ZCP xxv 99 § 6 . d s. degiult, dechiult, ACC § 124 . n p. dechealta, Acall. 3869 . a p. dechelta, LL 237b4 ( TTr. 1521 ). Often spelled degcelt through association with deg-. dicelt, ZCP vi 271.20 . degcelt .i. brat, H 3.18 532 . dechealt .i. brat, O'Cl. dechelt .i. degbrat no degétach, H 3.18, 643 . decelt .i. brat ┐ leine, Corm. Y 373 .

Outer garment worn by both sexes, robe, cloak: mo mind óir . . . mo delgc ┐ mo dechelt duit, ZCP ii 134 . d.¤ ríg, LL 51b15 . no benad-som a trí choicait ṅ-dechelt díb, TBC-LL¹ 978 . is bec na raséit a ndechelta dá n-airbruinnib, LL 237b4 ( TTr. 1521 ). rop imda cend cen cholaind ┐ coland cen dechelt, LL 44a36 . dechelt datha, Fen. 140 . dechealt édaig, SG 38.11 . dobreth dechelt n-amra uimpi, Corm. Y 1059 . nach salchadais na dechealta nuaglana, Acall. 3869 .

Fig. dá chubat, ni dechelt tair, | bid il-lethet cech oenchláir, SR 4239 . Noe i n-iarthur Rechet . . . fuair cach ṅdechelt ṅdagferaind, LL 163a4 .

do-fil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-fil or dil.ie/17640

 

Forms: dofilter

impers. vb. with accus. is (are) coming, is (are) at hand: d.¤ Críst cona soscelu gl. prope est, Wb. 4d29 . ciasberat dofeil laa mbrátha gl. quasi instet dies Domini, 26a1 . tofil fair celiu chucaib sund your companions are coming to you here, LU 1485 (MU). dosfil uli they are all coming, FB § 53 . d.¤ in carpat afhrithisi, TBC-I¹ 1192 . a popa, d.¤ na slūagu dūn the hosts are drawing nigh to us, 1022 . d.¤ Ultu as a ces (chucut, LU), 1716 . tofil in matin n-uairgloin, ZCP viii 418.9 . d.¤ aimser laithe mbratha (leg. aimsir), 195 § 1 . dofuil digail fiadat foraib, Snedg. u. Mac R 13 § 71 . d.¤ éc do Choincholuinn, LL 285b1 . d.¤ deoidh na haidchi, Fianaig. 16.18 . d.¤ sund ingin cach ríg there comes here the daughter of each king, Metr. Dinds. iii 210 . dosfil atuaidh, MacCongl. 5.5 . dochum Cathraigi dodfail unto C. he is coming, Trip.² 2389 . d.¤ for ar tí Tuathal, RC xxiii 420.30 . With redundant inf. pron.: tíag dum' daim | dosfil (dufail, v.l.) in matin m-bánglain, Imr. Brain i 43.22 . apraidh . . . fri firu Erind dosfil dígal mór foruib, RC ix 24.7 . frithalid na firu dosfil far ṅdochum, LL 116b7 . dusfuil ann fath fiarfaige, RC xiv 62.21 . dosfail dar Findabair find, fiallach grinn . . . there comes . . ., AFM i 506 . Pass. as impers.: dofilter chucut ón ríg they are coming to thee from the king, BDD § 7 . dofilter chucaind diar marbad, Anecd. i 4 . is úais nech dofilter sund innocht noble is he who comes here tonight, Dinds. 7 ( RC xv 297 ). In Mid.Ir. occasionally with nom. (in depend. or rel. sentences): dot saerad ó na tigernaighibh diumsacha domfuilet fuirri, CCath. 427 (perh. corrupt). ? atáit na snedha . . . id cholaind, | atait na mila comer | doḟuilet | a Chonaill, IT iii 88 § 102 . is sí ind ráth-sa dosfailet this is the `ráth' where they abide (nosfuilet, dia fuilet, v.l.), Metr. Dinds. iii 130 .

Often approximating in meaning to subst. vb., and in some cases simply an extension of O.Ir. fil: ni sinn rotla ot soillsib . . . dadotfail . . . imbithphein, imbithdorchib since thou art in perpetual pain and darkness (?), SR 1747 . do fuil a adhbhur sin acum ar C., Acall. 3906 . isin t-shechtmad bliadain arna breith don fail he is in his seventh year, TBC-LL¹ 1254 . d.¤ úadaib thair sin chnucc | fert Dodera, Metr. Dinds. iii 228 . gráid cen dlecht . . . d.¤ (dusfuil, v.l.) fair lecht mBreisse the grave of B. is over him, 222 . o shain . . . dofail a hainm úasa her name is upon it, 302 . is dia roimsib retha . . . d.¤ ainm in locha that the lake derives its name, 408 . Common in rel. clauses: in t-íchtar biástaide d.¤ leo fo uiscib, Dinds. 42 ( RC xv 433 ). cach Temair olchena d.¤ i n-Éire, 50 ( ib. 444 ). is and conclaid Nās a raith ┐ is i a ainm dus fil .i. Nás, 20 ( ib. 316 ). innis dam . . . cia ri d.¤ for Loch Léin, SG 235.34 . ro-sói isin síd . . . condofil i leithríge in tsída, 257.25 .

d.¤ do (of possession) falls to: d.¤ ghnūis as grāto dō, TBC-I¹ 62 (LU).

1 fertas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fertas or dil.ie/21761
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: fersat, —aid, fearsaid, fertas, fertais, feirtse, fertais, fertsi, feirsti, fersde, fertse, fertsi, feirtsi, feirstte, fertas, fersad, feirtsib, fersib, fertas, f., fersad, feartas

n ā, f. (cf. 2 fert ?) in late Mid. Ir. by metathesis also fersat, —aid ; mod. fearsaid ` spindle .' n s. fertas, LU 5250 = fertais, TBC-I¹ 773 . g s. feirtse, Laws iv 108.6 Comm. a du. eter di fertais , LU 5066 . n p. fertsi, LU 8595 . TBC-I¹ 2512 . feirsti, Mart. Don. 154.14 . fersde, TBC-I¹ 2580 . a p. fertse LU 5260 . fertsi, 5252 . feirtsi, TBC-I¹ 2506 . feirstte, ZCP x 283.21 . g p. fertas, LU 5251. 5258 . fersad, ZCP viii 539y . d p. feirtsib, Alex. 232 . fersib, TBC-I¹ 2549 . A pole or stake , esp.

(a) a shaft attached to a chariot and possibly also a spoke ; occas. translated `axle,' a rendering based on O'Mulc. 524 (cited below) and on Lat. axis in Colgan's Trias Thaum. p. 390a , corresponding to feirsti an carpait, Mart. Don. 154.14 ; but the word is pl. in the latter passage, and in the majority of exx. `fertas' is used in dual or plural of a single chariot. The word may have been used both of shaft and axletree (see PICCS XIII 281 , but chariot-pole according to Greene, The Iron Age in the Irish Sea Province 67 , and swingletree according to Sayers, Études Celt. xxi 176 ). The f.¤ could be of holly-wood : na fertse cuilinn, TBC-I¹ 784 . Cf. cuilenn ? fer for araili inn sin, ┐ feirse carpaid, Laws iv 150.2 ; of [plated with (?)] metal : co ḟeirtsib ... óir ┐ argaid, Alex. 232 . in carpat co fersib credumaib, TBC-I¹ 2549 . Cf. 2331 . a charpat ... cona ḟeirtsib findruine, RC xliii 62.25 . In the follg. exx. the word seems used of a chariot-shaft projecting either in front of the chariot or more often behind : ech ... fil do desḟertais in charpait, LU 10207 (obviously a front-shaft). The f.¤ was attached to the chariot-frame : (all that remained of a chariot :) bass dina fertsib immon creitt, TBC-LL¹ 6070 (but cf. the parallel passages : bas dona fertsaibh im in roth, H, Add. ; dorn dona fersib imon droch, TBC-I¹ 3639 ; the prep. imm may mean here `on both sides of' or `including'). fertsi crúadi colgdirgi (dist. from droch, roth, all, sithbe, cuing), LU 9261 . A person could sit on it : co n-accai ... in n-aenmnaí for fertais in charpait, TBC-LL¹ 202 (but the sense is not clear). It could be detached and used as a pole for other purposes : domroched f.¤ mo charpait co ro ḟromur in n-áth give me the shaft ... that I may test the (depth of the) ford RC xiv 422.17 . cid nach srengai feirtsi in charpait fom thaib ┐ mo ḟogaimen fom chind co rocodlaind colleic? TBC-I¹ 2506 (where the `feirtsi' and `fogaimen' seem converted into a kind of litter) = scaroidh feirstte ┐ forgeime mu charboitt fum, ZCP x 283.21 . scar dam fortcha ┐ forgemen mo charpait fóm, TBC-LL¹ 3285 . Animals could be attached to the `fertse' behind : gebis da n-ag ... ceṅglais d'fertsib ┐ d'ithisib ┐ d'iallaib in charpait, TBC-LL¹ 1324 (= cumraigis itir dia ḟeirt, TBC-I¹ 690 , see 2 fert). teilcid [in ngai] a ndiaid A. co ndechaid tresin milco[i]n bui eter da fertas in carpait, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 34.10 . Further exx. : forrurim a láim eter di fertais in carpait, co mmebaid in carbat, LU 5066 . ar samailtur nime [ = ar insamlaiter nemed, SM Facs. 5b ] fri beusa carpuit (.i. cach tuidme tuidhmes nech docum in carpait do dul ind is uad uatuasluices feirtsi in carpuit ┐ a rothae), O'D. 508 (< H 3.17, 413 ; cf. Laws iv 374.27 Comm. ). da n-impōind m'aigid ... noragdais fersde charpait triam chūlmuinēl, TBC-I¹ 2580 . rogab in cú fertais in charpait fo Ailill ... is and donáraill F. ara Aililla ... corrala a cholaind for leth ┐ co ro an a chend i fertais in charpait, IT i 106.1 ( ScM. 19 ). is mo chend-sa ... imcoicertár ... eter fertsib [ferstib v.l.] carpat, BDD 81 . cor ránic [in snechta] ... co fertsib carpat, LL 264a33 ( MU² 307 ). Acall. 3510 . gia ra-thiasmáis i ndib carptib and ... ní rossed crú nā roth nā fonnud nā f.¤ dib [lár], TBC-LL¹ 5865 . in tan romebsat da fhertais in carpait, Lism. L. 3498 = fracte sunt due rote currus V. SS. Hib. i 102.32 . brisitt feirsti an carpait do bí faoi, acus gach uair da ndaingnighthi iad an tan do teigheadh P. is in carpat do brisdis doridhisi, Mart. Don. 154.14 . The gloss : fertais carpuit quia uertitur cum rota , O'Mulc. 524 (= spoke ?) may be due to freq. association of the word with `roth,' cf. TBC-LL¹ 5865 and TBC-I¹ 3639 quoted above. Or does it imply that the word was applied to an external projection of the axle? Fig. of a hero ? f.¤ búada for a blai `chariot-pole of victory' Metr. Dinds. ii 80 (but the expression may refer to the rath of Alend, cf. Acall. 4114 quoted s.v. 2 fertas).

(b) a stick used for winding or spinning yarn, etc. a spindle: f.¤ snimae quia uertitur digitis , O'Mulc. 524 . fersad (gl. fusus), Ir. Gl. 568 . feartas n-olla (n s.) `a spindle full of woollen yarn' Laws v 214.18 Comm. ni tabair acht ... fertais, ii 378.28 Comm . damna feirtse `the makings of a spindle (of wool)' iv 108.6 Comm . damna teora fertas 116.9 Comm .

(c) of other objects : a spike projecting from a horizontal cooking-spit (?) : Fulacht na morrigna ... tricha bir do bid ass ┐ tricha drol ┐ tricha fertas ` spindles ' Celt. Rev. viii 74 = Mackinnon Cat. 133 . A rung (of a ladder) : a ḟeartais āraid (leg. feartas : cleachtus), IT iii 85 § 84 . a ḟeartais abraind, 102 § 189 ( fertas, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 70 ) = Bruchst.. i § 83 , 86 (where Meyer reads : a f.¤ a broinn. Used contemptuously of a person). COMPD. ¤lorg a mace, club: fertas-lorcc iaraind, TBC-LL¹ 5529 St. Cf. lorg-fertas.

fúachtnaigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fúachtnaigid or dil.ie/24610

 

Forms: fúachn-

v g (fúachtain; occasionally fúachn-, which seems a mere scribal error) apparently is aggressive or violent, makes an attack, injures, does injury , used of persons, animals and things, generally intrans. with FRI : no fúachtnaiged fria cholaind (gl. fiched), ACC 110 . sochaide dib ro fhuachtnaig fri araile, ScM. 5 . ro fuachtnaighseat tuath an filed fri fer do muinntir na cathraighe, ZCP vii 305.1 . Common in Laws Comm. (where it glosses fo-fich) in discussion of injuries intentional or accidental : ce fuachtnuigid mil dibh re cele `though one of the animals may attack [injure ?] the other' Laws ii 2.18 . ce fuachtnaighidh iarann faebrach caich dib re cheile, iii 238.1 . ma frisin mbaoth fuachnaigter ann, H 3.18, 632b6 ( O'Curry 1394 ). With acc. : ni ro fuachtnaig féin na héris, ACC 96 Comm. ( RC xx 272 ) = ni ro fuachnaig, LU 1009 . ro ḟuachtnaid, LB 239a39 . With cogn. acc. : diles do mucaib cibe fogail fuachtnaigit do denumh and, H 3.17, 264.34 = Laws v 154.21 . Absol. : madh si in chual ro fuachtnaig and `that did the injury' iii 174.12 . secht neithe im a fuach[t]naigther no im a fidhther comrac, v 302.1 (gl. on : atait secht re fechaiter). cidh i llo cidh i n-aidchi uactnaighes, Rawl. B 506, 29b10 ( O'D. 2300 ) = foghlaigis, O'Curry 2506 ( Eg. 88, 41c ). lonnaighis uime ┐ fuactnaighis go dermair, BNnÉ 322 § 28 . ro ḟúachtnaighsetar na dā ergail co trén `the two battle-lines attacked (each other)' TTr.² 1413 .

Unusually F.¤ FOR avenges on: ata tri pecaid is mo fuachtnaiges Dia for duine, O'Dav. 993 . (where it glosses : do fich for).

Cf rig escaires cain ┐ cairde do gres, ┐ tuath is menche [sic] uachtnaighus `it is the king that proclaims cain-law and cairde always and [it is] the people that oftenest disturb them' Laws iii 132.8 (= ḟuachtnaighis, H 3.18, 428b2 ).

imresnaigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imresnaigid or dil.ie/28039
Last Revised: 2013

 

v g (imresan). Folld. by DO or FRI. i.¤ ... do struggles against, opposes: cip e imresnaiges do na rígu ... imresnaigid do Día, PH 4074. in cholaind ... imresnaiges do spirut a hanmma, 4610 . in fhoirend imresnaigit co hanfhíren doib, 4075 . in n-imresnaigfem 'shall we contest? [sc. the accusation]' Ériu lv 7 .

i.¤ ... fri quarrels with: in aidchi ro imresnaigestur Congal C. ... fri D., MR 110.2 .

leth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. leth or dil.ie/30036
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: leth, leith, leithe, leithe, lethe, leithi, lethe, -leithe, leath, leithdeimhin, lethshathach

n o and s, n. Freq. treated as two words, l. o, n. half and l. s, n. side (e.g. GOI, Críth Gabl., BDD). But it is in some contexts difficult to decide between the two meanings, and cf. d s. leth (side), Ml. 51d3 , 128a1 ( leith, 62b13 ), d s. leith (half), Sg. 18a4 (but see note in Thes.), leuth, BCr. 3c , SR 8041 ; g du. leithe, Sg. 25b6 is ambiguous in meaning, and with lethe, Fél. Dec. 4 may belong to the by-form leithe, which latter. however, is more reliably attested in meaning side than in meaning half: a s. lethe, Imr. Brain 49 , leithi, TBC-I¹ 525. d s. lethe (MS.), Críth G. 428 , Grail 2004 . -leithe, Ir. Astr. Tr. 8.27 .

In later lang. more usual in meaning half (for meaning side cf. taeb) except in adv. and prep. phrases, in which both meanings are frequent. leath m., IGT Decl. § 31. f. , § 39 .

A in meaning side, direction .

I

(a) side: cia beth cosar do cluim glain / fom dda lethe though I had a couch strewn of down beneath my sides, ZCP xiii 258.11 . a beóil for leith a cind, BDD² 541. Cf. do-berad urcar do cloich fuirre ┐ níba cian o leit[h] a cinn, TBC St. 1311 . tibri da leithe `to laugh on all sides', Laws v 228.27 (a kind of satire) .i. gaire uime . . . do cach l.¤ , 230.13 Comm . ? gur gab cairde fair ona cethre lethaib, asrenar . . . a di chumal cairde gacha leithe dona cethre lethaib, O'Curry 2532 - 3 ( Eg. 88, 44 ). ord cumaisc imorro .i. a cumusc a gabail as a leth deridh `the latter end(?)', Laws v 26.21 Comm . ro-claenad-som . . . cach l.¤ don luiṅg, TTebe 1995 . fal na leiti-si (sic) . . . don longphort, CCath. 5177 . tréd na loidhe ar leith an cnuic, Irish Texts ii 2 § 8 . ruc sí . . . mac forsin faidche ┐ sí fó leith ina dromlaig carrying one side of the pail(?), SG 326.28 ( RC xxiv 190.13 ). ? Page: fec leath 91, 92, MS. Mat. 573.29 (see lethenach). Less freq. direction, region : sechip l.¤ fon ṁbith foguir `on whatever side', Thes. ii 300.4 ( Hy. i ). cid féchai-siu issind l.¤ cían úait, IT i 121.10 ( TE 6 Eg.). mairg lingis lēim in l.¤-sain (i.e. towards Hell), ZCP vi 265 § 15. is i do leath coir tanacais you have done well to come, Aen. 1870. In chevilles: forom l.¤ , LU 3867 ( SCC 38 ). slúaig ós lethaib, Airne F. 288. Obscure: tāinic gaimred co ngainni / rolīnsat lethe linni `die Wasser haben die Flachlande angefüllt', Bruchst. i 67 § 156 (letha, v.l.). da each a laim leath aer sealba `two horses in hand at the border of the land', Laws iv 18.20 (leth saor selba, v.l.).

(b) Of twofold division of a house side (?), part (?); indala l.¤ de crín ┐ araile úr one part of seasoned and the other of green wood, Trip.² 601 . isind le[i]th ailiu, i fochlu on the other side, the north, Críth G. 591 . l.¤ in tige . . . do Conchobur . . . a ll.¤ n-aill do bantrocht Ulad, LU 8159 ( FB 12 ). l.¤ in tige . . . la Connachta ┐ in l.¤ aile la Ulto, Sc.M² 5 . isin leith aile in tigi, TTebe 473 . san leith oile `in the other division', TD 11.16 . an uair do chuiridís tuighe ar leath an tighe . . . chum na leithe oile, Oss. iii 216. 18 - 19 .

(c) Of the sides of the body with dess and clé: atá . . . / a scíath da leith chlíu on his left side, MU² 489 . certláech da leith deis . . . fer bec . . . da leith chlí on his right, on his left, 538 - 40 . don ochtmad asna uachtarach chleib a lethi deis Adaim doronta Eua, MacCarthy 48.12 . dul sa leath chlé dod chridhe / slighe i dteach nDé 'gun duine, DDána 10.25 . ar uaisle an leithe dheis dil, Content. i 10 . dá dheis . . . dá leith chlí, TSh. 4090 . do leith do láimhe deise, DDána 24.23 .

(d) With words indicating points of compass: fri mílid in lethe atúaid `of the northern region', Metr. Dinds. iv 40.7 . forin leith tuaiscertaigh don áth, TBC St. 2869 . don leith thuaidh, DDána 64.36 . leath thúaigh northward, Deuteronomy iii 27 . barsan leith descertach ind átha, TBC-LL¹ 3387 . mad od leith anneas gai[res an drean], Ériu viii 122.27 . ar an táobh theas leath theas on the south side southwards, Exodus xxvi 18 . don leath ṡoir eastwards, 2 Kings xiii 17 .

As acc. of destination, Ériu xli 34 .

(e) In phr. (a) l.¤ with clause containing verb of motion the direction in which, anywhere, wherever : nistá leó l.¤ do-coiset do chuincid neich `they have nowhere that they can go to beg anything', Mon. Tall. 128.10 . in l.¤ bertait sin hí lecidsi dóib wherever they bring her, LU 3125 . l.¤ dia mbí in gaeth is fris bís in chomla facing the wind, BDD² 1312 . hiss ē l.¤ ruc-sum a rēim / co Cenannas, Fing. R. 659 . é l.¤ luidi for tochmarc, Metr. Dinds. ii 2.20 . teis lee alleath gebus remat `you shall go with it whither it will go before you', Ériu v 120.16 . régat a l.¤ dīa tuitched `I shall go whither I have set out', i 116.8 . in leith teid (of a spear), Laws v 30.11 Comm . in leath bearar [in] slúaigead, Ir. Review 1912, 248 § 3 . is é l.¤ do-chuaid Conn ar a imgabāil a mesg c[h]lainni . . . Morna, ML² 1806.

Also with cach: cach led dochoid-som sund wherever he went, Wb. 14c20 . cach l.¤ no théged, IT i 130.23 . cech l.¤ naragdais, ZCP viii 110 § 7.

For the construction is é l.¤ attoíbi . . . co dú, is aentadach fri . . . co dú this is the context of, this is a parallel passage to, etc. see at(t)oíbi, oentadach.

In a large variety of adverbial and prepositional phrases.

II With adverbs of direction: ar in leirg l.¤ ifus, CRR 56. immot breith assa leith adíu `about carrying thee hence', Ériu i 130.34 . isind leith anall on the far side (of the house), BDD² 669 . l.¤ anall don ḟidh `on this side of', Ériu iii 164.29 . leath thall d'Fhinn, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 8.27 . lethatshuas dinn `above', O'Gr. Cat. 232.x . da'n dá cical so lethatís dind, 290.27 . don leith amuidh externally, Grail 2621 . leith amuich outside (contr. with astig), Párl. na mB. 2132 . l.¤ amaich d'Eirinn outside I., Acall. 6457 . leath amuigh do uile-theorannaibh na Breataine, Keat. ii 1718 . beith leith amuich don phecadh without sin, ITS xxix 189.13 . leith amuigh don dá chás adubhart apart from, Mac Aingil 4529 . leath amuigh d'aicídibh tura an fhíona except for, Eochairsg. 95.22 . l.¤ amuigh do mnaib not including, BCC 228.35 (§ 237) . leath 'muigh gurab amhluidh . . . apart from the fact that, Luc. Fid. 3765 . l.¤ istich inside, Celtica ii 78.278 . andsa treas alt . . . l.¤ astig `on the third interior joint', O'Gr. Cat. 295.4 . leath istigh dar gcuimhne féin `within our own memory', Keat. ii 423. Cf. also: is uathaib sin l.¤ i fat gach ferann `far and wide', SG 121.31 . In form la-: dobert ferann do laistiar in the west, Rawl. 119a17 . lais tiar iar fuine ngréne, Fél. 112.25 . bóirdréis . . . tímpchioll a ccótaoi lastíos below, Párl. na mB. 538 . d'fhan an marc-shluagh la-amuigh, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 49.4 .

III With pronominalia.

(a) With poss. a his, its : co sceasain cach ball de a leithi (sescaind, lethe, LU) his limbs sprang apart, TBC-I¹ 525. sreith cechtar de a l.¤ he knocked each of them in a different (lit. his own) direction, LL 13983 . tēit in slōg uili for teiched, cach fer a l.¤ , Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 34 § 4 . luid cách a lethi each went his way, LL 14308 . téit . . . cechtar de a l.¤ íar sain, TBFr. 169.

(b) With aile. With prep. DO and art. on the other side (freq. of battle, contest, etc.): bite i n-irgail . . . friu duṅdala leith, Ml. 47c3 . dind leith ailiu gl. illinc, BCr. 32a4 ( Thes. ii 16 ). at-raghat side súass, at-raghat didiu Ulaid don leith eile, Sc.M² 18 R . dilluid F. . . . don l.¤ oili a mBōaind entered the Boyne on the other side, ZCP viii 120.14 . tiocfaid leis don leith oile / guais-ṡeabhuic Bheann mBoghoine, TD 4.43 . don dara l.¤ . . . don leith eili (of simultaneous elections to a bishopric), Ann. Conn. 1307.12 . In more general sense on the other hand, alternatively. Cf. ho l.¤ ailiu gl. e regione, Ml. 128a1 . dob'áil liom . . . dob'áil leam dhon leith oile . . . , DDána 5.15 . don leith oile, L. Cl. A. B. 192.73 . don leith oile adeir Críost . . . , TSh. 1642 . In phr. l.¤ n-aill elsewhere, anywhere, etc.: is ferr damsa techt l.¤ n-aill, LU 3347 ( SCC 13 ). ráither fria . . . techt hi l.¤ n-aill n-aile co maitin, RC xxii 393.z . (BDD App.). indtan no teigdis nach l.¤ aili when they used to go anywhere else, Mon. Tall. 129.17 . tucsat a ndorus na huama i ll.¤ n-aill iat `inside of the door of the cave', PH 1018 . cidh ara tucuis in claideb i ll.¤ n-aile? why did you give away the sword? Lism. L. 1326.

(c) With cach: amal . . . asroither uisce for talmain cech l.¤ `on every side', Ml. 44d1 . aurchor snedar cach leth in all directions, Críth G. 219 . fer cach leithe lándligid `a man of full righteousness on every side i.e. dealing justly with all men', 528 and n. 0 (or to be referred to 2 l.?). co rucadur gacha leithi ar A., Fier. 235. Usually with prec. prep. DI (do, dá) or FOR (ar) in, from all directions, sides, everywhere : immib di cach leith, Wb. 17b19 . in talmain n-impu di cach l.¤ , Ml. 51d3 . di cech leith, 62b13 . 66d10 . testiu na fuile . . . for cach l.¤ , 22b1 . for cech l.¤ gl. longe lateque, 53b9 . slúaged . . . / de cach leith dar túatha, Fél. Ep. 35. fogéba do cach leith aci agid n-airegda, LU 2029 ( FA 10 ). for cech l.¤ , LU 2146 ( FA 21 ). ic fégad . . . for cach l.¤ úathu, MU² 364 . eo óir ina brut ro saiged a gúalaind for cach l.¤ on either side, IT i 131.17 . di cech leith gl. undique, Gild. Lor. 67 . in popul imme di cech l.¤ , PH 761 . dá cech leith, 7063 . do gach leith ┐ da gach thaib dib, TTebe 2225 . sneachta seacht traigthe ar gach leath uadha, SG 34.16 . táir dá gach leith ina lenmhain, IGT Decl. ex. 1158 . ar gach leath, L. Cl. A. B. 112.43 . do gach leith do na laochaib sin, ML² 1860 . do cach lethe, Grail 2004 . for cech l.¤ de, 2480 . da gach aen leithe de na timceall, Ir. Astr. Tr. 8.27 (leth, v.l.). go ttuccadar gealladh air gach leith mutually, Dhá Sgéal Art. 152. Note also: for cechtar in da leithe `on either side' (of a stream), Laws iv 144.11 . comtar crólinnecha curaid di chechtar na da leithi, LL 224b27 ( TTr. 548 ).

(d) With cid (later cía) where, whither : inchoiscsiu damsa ceth l.¤ atā Emain show me the way to, TBC-I¹ 376 = ced l.¤ , LU 4865 = cía let[h], TBC St. 782 . cia leath reghma? Anecd. i 2.9 ( SCano 25 ). ni fhetar cia l.¤ do-rechaind, acht tucas m'aiged siar I knew not where to go, PH 500 . cia l.¤ their Adam uait?, MacCarthy 52.8 . cia leith ro cuaidh in clu mor-sin? what has become of? CCath. 4546 . cia l.¤ so, a dorman? whither away? Fing. R. 90 . cid l.¤ na mochærgi? why are you up so early? RC xiv 400 § 4.

(e) In phr. do díb le(i)th(a)ib on both sides, mutually : diblethaib .i. cechtar a da leithe, O'Curry 965 ( H 3.18, 415 ). ra theigsetar na slúaig immi-sium do dib lethib, LL 175a42 ( CRR 26 ). ro ferad cath . . . do dib lethib eturro, Ann. Conn. 1256.6 . ro naidmset a ccodach ┐ a ccaradradh do dib leitibh, Leb. Gab.(i) 232.12 . dībh leithibh, Celtica iv 70.209 (l.¤ ┐̇ tib, MS.).

(f) With na(ch) in any direction, anywhere : imned dom na lled dochood wherever I went, Wb. 17d7 . nochon occobrad-si co ndigseth nách l.¤ cen heisium immaróen fríe would go nowhere without him, Trip.² 151 . na digsitís nách leth o Ierusalem, PH 5408.

(g) With óen-: F. . . . ┐ L. for ōenl.¤, M. ┐ D. forsan l.¤ n-aill on the one hand . . . on the other, Rawl. 149a35 . a h-ocht Ailgenan na n-each / co ndeachaid d'eg ar enleath together, BB 61b31 . a óga tigidh d'einleath, Duan. F. ii 68 § 11 . cuirfiter d'éinleith will be put aside, RC xxviii 318 § 30. do rug ar n-omhain d'aoinleith dispelled our fear, DDána 18a.5 .

IV With prepositions (many uses with prepp. are exemplified also under III).

(a) With A: a lleith posessoris by virtue of being possessor, Sg. 198a18 . a lleith atraib gl. extrinsecus, in the matter of possession, 198b1 . a lleith indí atreba, 200b11 . a lleith aittrebthado gl. intrinsecus, 204a1 . biat-sa as do l.¤ I will be at thy side, Alex. 93 . ac urchuitmhe assa leith making excuses on his own behalf, Anecd. ii 68.4 . See also under i l.¤ fri.

(b) With AR (in later lang.): tug fiodh ar leith do lighe made the tree to bend to one side (one of the marks of an auspicious reign), L. Cl. A. B. 224.127 . rachadsa ar do leith `I shall side with thee', Duan. F. ii 244 § 16 . techt ar a leith féin to side with him, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 40.10 . ar mbeith d'Eireamhón ón fhior / ar leith gléimheadhón Gaoidheal `when E. had parted from him amid the Gaels(?), Studies 1920, 98 § 5 . níor luigh ar leith a mháthar did not depend on(?) (of Cú Chulainn), DDána 96.29 (`encroached not on his mother's land', Ir. Monthly 1927, 437 ).

(c) With DO (in some cases perh. DI): do leith dano dó a óenur frisna tri cóectu mac on one side, LU 4914 = TBC-I¹ 429 . ni-s-téged nech do muintir G. secci do leith, do na tabrad sceim némnig to one side(?), PH 7212 . co mba hecin di usce na Temrach da tharraing do l.¤ ┐ cach cumal ar uair 'na haghaidh (i.e. she always carried one side while the others took turns on the other), RC xxiv 190.8 . in Mangartach . . . do leith de ┐ Sliab Cruadha . . . don taob eile, ML² 320 . gach meacain gach lus don leatsoin there, Hackett xlii 59 .

Usually as prep. phrase with follg. gen. In concrete sense in the direction of, towards : iarsin tictís, gním cen chleith, / ind ríg dia leith ó thír thoich to him (`on account of him'), Metr. Dinds. ii 24.74 . do leith na hairde thuaidh facing the north (of a tent), 3 C 19, 51 vb15 . nac[h] racainn do leith mo aigte I would not go forward, TBC St. 1592 . líne do leith a aighthe / do chathaoiribh cumhdaighthe opposite, DDána 85.42 . do leith a aighthe in front of him, CF² 1036 . do leith a ccúil . . . do leith a ndrumann, AFM iii 320.9 , 11 . Of the seat of a disease: go mbi nescoid isna hairnibh uair ann do leith in droma ┐ uair eile do leith a sreabhonn . . . ┐ uair do leith a gcabhán, 3 C 19, 201 rb26 - 28 . Of time: doleith na haidhche towards night, 3 C 19, 73 va 24 . do bi dias do Gaidilaib ann sin do l.¤ in Chimsogaig on C.'s side, Ann. Conn. 1281.4 .

past, by (here DI(?)): romgab do leith losinan the fox avoided, slunk by me, ZCP i 459. 11 . amail sinchān do leith ǣgaire, MacCongl. 85.2 (`approaching a shepherd'). Fig. na hinghena . . . nobitis ic amran ┐ hic duchunn no geibed do leith doib dano imradagh anma Hectoir used to avoid(?), LL 405a19 ( TTr.² 1086 ).

In more abstr. senses. With respect to, as regards, according to: is do leith genelaig fer nGréc doib, Dinds. 128. ? tiucfaidh in cétmuinnter fo coruib ┐ cidh adhaltrach hí ticfaidh a fear .i. do leth in oirechta comtibach, O'D. 2077 ( Rawl. 487, 58 ). a chlú do leith eolasa ┐ eagna, Keat. ii 204 . do leith a athar ┐ a mháthar `both on his father's and mother's side', O'D. 4896 . a n-éagmais a hárdchéme onóra do leith a glúine geinealach `in respect of', Párl. na mB. 3570 . in ratione cibi .i. do leith an bhídh, 23 K 42, 307.15 . do l.¤ dileghtha an adbuir, RC xlix 8.4 . More specifically because of, from, on account of: do leith G. because you are related to G., Irish Texts ii 44 § 35 . do leith ubhaill a fhachain, DDána 10.6 (`an apple caused it,' Ir. Monthly 1929, 211 ). do leith a nemdilegtha pour cause de l'indigestion, O'Gr. Cat. 217.7. na neithi . . . disgaoileas do leith a teasa because of their heat, 3 C 19, 49 ra27 . do l.¤ an fuail from, by means of (in diagnosis), 23 K 42, 151.17 .

(d) With FO separately, severally, individually : cách fo leith gl. singuli, Wb. 5d3 . ní [i]mmalle acht is cach æ fo leith, 17d2 . cechtar nái fo leith, Sg. 63a15 . mórfeser a dám inna thúaith, cóicer fo leith when engaged on his private concerns (as an individual), Críth G. 379 ( fo le[i]th(e), 428 ). ainmnigestár cach fer fó leith cona anmaim diles fein, LU 1811 . ar cach n-ái fo leith díb, TBC-LL¹ 2726 . cech macc fo leth dia maccaib, PH 6613 . sláinte anma is cabhair chuirp / atáid fa leith na labhuirt, Arch. Hib. i 99 § xi . ima leith alternately, Laws iv 372.21 Comm . ┐ mar sin ar na peacadhuibh eile fó leith, Mac Aingil 2061 . an biobla ma leith, .i. leis fein amhain, gan ghluais, etc., Luc. Fid. 4592 . Somet. with FOR in this sense: don oenfer for leith `for one man only', Mon. Tall. 156.28 . oc ainmniugud a ball for leith, PH 7326 . gach pearsa ar leith 'n-a Dhia dhíbh, DDána 25.6 .

(e) With FOR (AR) aside, apart : tēit leo for l.¤ aside, Sc.M² 4 . co-rrala a cholaind for l.¤, ┐ corro-an a chenn i fertais in charpait to one side, 19 (leith, R.) luid īarum for l.¤ a óinur `aside', Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 6 § 5 . ro bae-side . . . ina throscud i Sliab Sína ar leith `apart', Celtica iv 28.381 . in ticfa ar l.¤ do immacallaim frimsa?, ZCP ii 135 § 9 . gādatar mnā Connacht do Conchobur tuidecht for leith, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 6 § 5 . atat acum sund for leith / curaid ri cath . . . (: creich), TBC-LL¹ 516 . ruc leis for l.¤ da mac Z., PH 3024 . tucait aes dána Ulad ar l.¤ , RC xiv 430 § 56 . ar leith gá fhad fhuileongas? `how long will he suffer the affliction of being far away?', Aithd. D. 8.19 . ar leith [ó] dheachmhaidh Dhé `exempt from', PBocht 7.25 . ar leith atám ó theasda laid aside, Studies 1924, 87 § 15 . ar leth nó i ccoitchinne in particular or in common, RSClára 117b . ? in slicht socinelach geinfes for leith on ridiri ┐ on maigdin sin, Grail 2669 . In this sense somet. with FO: ód thriall fó leith, Oss. vi 54.19 . doimthigh a nimh . . . as fo leith, Ériu v 88.34 . ? With TAR: no gur cuir in rig dar l.¤ mathair a cloindi put aside(?), YBL 317b24 (cf. Aided M. Gloss.).

(f) In quasi-adjectival use with both FO and FOR apart, separate, different, special : gnáe far l.¤ gl. separatim, Sg. 73b1 . syllab fo leith, 165b2 . co ndergensat rainn fo leith di gl. separauerunt ab aliis partibus, 187b6 . 188a22 . 188b5 . 212a6 . Of a particular kind of assembly: cis lir cenēla airechta dochusin la Fēne? . . . A cōic: cūlairecht ┐ taebairecht ┐ airecht uirdnidhe ┐ airecht fo l.¤ et airecht fodesin, ZCP xii 359.14 . airecht fo l.¤, is a suidhi bīt nadmand ┐ ratha (sic MS.) ┐ fiadain, 360.1 . torinolta i tech for leith, Trip.² 228. biaid pian for leith er son cech peccaid air, PH 7617 . gabsatt . . . ferann fo l.¤ , BColm. 8.3 . atá i n-airicul fo leith, LU 3374 ( SCC 16 ). rogairm Cond . . . ar fót fo leith `called C. aside', Ériu iii 160.y . trí lá is tri aidche ba leith / bámmar uile i tig Cachir, RC vii 292.53 . dath fo l.¤ a eduigh cach lae, Laws ii 148.6 Comm . cás ar leith an Lúan `Doomsday, supreme danger', PBocht 5.47 . rann ar leith ni dliged dam, Irish Texts ii 41 § 9 . seómra ar l.¤ , RSClára f. 111b . pian ar leith ar an intinn, ┐ pian fá leith ar an gcorp, TSh. 6495 - 6 .

(g) In phr. le(i)th for (ar) le(i)th on both sides, respectively, both of them (usually of two persons or groups): ra fornaidmit na glinni sin leith for l.¤ , MU² 106 . co mbaí . . . nónbur ra hulibásaib eturru l.¤ for l.¤ , 118 . rointer Eri l.¤ ar l.¤ `share and share', Metr. Dinds. iii 358.35 . in cath rolád, l.¤ for l.¤ , iv 250.65 . ro tuit . . . in cath l.¤ ar leith, CCath. 2217 . M. . . . ┐ F. / fríoth a n-árach leath ar leath, DDána 64.25 . táinig a ré leath ar leath / sgol Uladh, éigse Laighneach, 115.2 . forna cathaibh leath ar leath, CF² 1195 . go rangattar . . . da nionaduibh féin l.¤ ar l.¤ respectively, BNnÉ 201.33 . a gcoingheall leath ar leath (aequa utriusque conditio), TSh. 3871. More generally: an tuile dhámh, leath ar leath the throng of companies, side by side, Ériu v 56.67 . an cúiger druadh, leath ar leth `the five wizards, side by side', iv 222 § 38 . In follg. rather in turn, one after the other : fuaradh na mball leath ar leath, DDána 27.6 . ughdair Ghaoidheal leath ar leath, O'R. Poems 1473 . fágbhuim-si fós, leath ar leath / beannacht uaim ag gach aoinneach, Celtica iv 119 § 30 . Note also: as mar sin an cethramadh cric as mesarda ┐ is ferr acu l.¤ ar l.¤ `all things considered', Ir. Astr. Tr. 140.x . Other constructions: di leith for l.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 1685 . do leith for leith, MR 222.z . do leith fo leith, 240.24 . leath um leith, PBocht 18.17 . do leith dar l.¤ , TTebe 3122 .

(h) With I in such a wide and subtle variety of meanings as hardly to be amenable to classification. That given here must be regarded as arbitrary, and the ascription of an example to one category or another is in many cases very doubtful.

In physical sense beside, in the direction of, towards : co cualatar guth mbec ina hingini hi leith in tigi, Irish Texts i 2.18 (cf. Bethu Brigte 38) . rothicfa it' lethe-su will come to thee, Imr. Brain 49 (`to thy parts'; `to your country', Murphy Lyrics). Laighnigh i leith do dhroma behind you, DDána 101.53 . i leith leaptha red lennán, BS 46.4 . With follg. DO: a leith don chaislēn, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 26.24 . a leith da druim from behind, TTebe 1016 . Cf. forsin marcsluag do bi l.¤ da ndruim behind them, Ann. Conn. 1247.7 . = a leith a ndroma, ALC i 376.18 .

Of kinship, family connection: hua-som Codiáir moir . . . i ll.¤ o mathair on the mother's side, LU 1136 ( ACC § 121 Comm. ). dáermacne . . . a lleth o mathrechaib, TBC-LL¹ 1739. ar ni boi astig nech bad glica a l.¤ o mnaib `weil im Hause auf Seiten der Frauen keine Klügere war', ZCP xiii 270.6 . comdais meic do Mac-Con na trī Fothaid gē beit i leith Sīl Fergusa, Corp. Gen. 263 . sil a leith ciníl do chríadh, Irish Texts ii 35 § 31 . leanfa D. . . . i leith athar rian na Róisteach, Ó Bruad. i 110.3 . ? enmac do fhácuib do chloinn / ina leith do Tuathaib Temra, Irish Texts ii 23 § 12.

téit i l.¤ joins forces with: resorts to, places one's trust in, seeks refuge in: ós éigin dóibh dola id leith `they will surely join thee', Aithd. D. 24.18 . a luas . . . / do-chuas i leith láimhe libh `the speed with which men flocked to thee', 77.22 . dol na l.¤ dí ní digha, Irish Texts ii 57 § 4. Cf. dochóidh . . . / Muire i leith mh'oige d'fhighe `Mary . . . has set about weaving my nature', PBocht 12.28 . leabhair Chaisil is chláir Macha / nír mheiste dhóibh dol 'na leith, L. Cl. A. B. 237.10 . dola a leith na leabhar linn, KMMisc. 174 § 29 . cách i leith a deisi ag dul resorting to force (?), L. Cl. A. B. 193.92 . mar thug láimh fá chreich na Cásg / a leith a grásd do-cháidh Crísd, IGT Decl. ex. 1001 ( DDána 38.6 ). ní a leith a chémend do-chúaidh / an Múaid ag breith lémend lúidh was not content to proceed at its normal pace(?), IGT ex. 1256 .

fo-ceird (cuirid) i leith assigns to, ascribes to: curther a n-ugturas hi lleith Duid a oenur, Hib. Min. 128 (of Psalms). is e Ferceirtni cuires in irad so i ll.¤ na n-ugdar ┐ ite na hugdar (sic) i cuirter l.¤ , BB 299b36 - 7 . ferta . . . meic Dé do chur i lleth Belzebúb to give B. the credit for, PH 6436 . is e fath ara cuirther primhdhacht i lleith na tri mberla sin `superiority is claimed on behalf of', Auraic. 162. Cf. ilmuine mic Dé nacha cuiridhsi i far leth feisin `which claim not ye for yourselves', Laws i 22.22 Comm . Also charges with, lays to the account of, attributes to: is lib-si fessin . . . in chair doralais inar leth-ni, Alex. 946 . Críoch Chonnacht a ndúthchas féin/ na leith ní cuirthe mar chéim `is not to be brought as a charge against them', Content. vi 91 . ar n-éara 'n-a leith na léigidh `let not my rejection ever be brought (as a proof of carelessness) against Thy work', Aithd. D. 77.17 . cuir 'n-a leith do chosg do chean / an rosg do bheith ag briseadh, DDána 27.4 . dá gcuirthear uabhar i leith fir aca, TSh. 9368. Cf. ar an máthair atá id leith `thy supposed mother', Keat. ii 6353.

In phrases with other trans. verbs in sense of committing, entrusting to: nít erpi i lled nach áili `with any one else', Wb. 1d10 . lecam ar ráma úan isa muir ┐ foncerddam i ll.¤ ar Tigernai `let us cast ourselves upon our Lord', Ériu xi 137.8 . cuir hobair a leith an Tighearna `commit thy works unto', Proverbs xvi 3 . lecsiu immurgo i ldeth nDe mess for a menmain-som `leave it . . . to God', Mon. Tall. 148.11 . do ré[i]r is ad l.¤ legmuid, Ériu iv 224 § 48 . caingne in tsenaidh . . . do lecon i lleith na ndea `to trust to the gods', CCath. 4549. ar ndíon 'n-a leith ná leigeadh (of Christ's wounds), DDána 48.8 . cipe leces a furtacht ┐ a cobhair i lleith in Coimdedh, ZCP iv 390.13 .

With vb. to be expressed or understood relying on, engaged in etc.: arn-iumramh a leith Dé under God's protection, KMMisc. 322 § 5 . bím i leith guidhe do ghrás `I trust in imploring Thy grace', A. Ó Dálaigh xxxvii 1 . bíom 'na leith i ló an bhrátha / dom dhíon ar eagla an ursgátha, DDána 12.14 . i leith fhaghla ós eadh atá bent on(?), 106.4 . láeich a leith a farchadh `handling their mauls', Studies 1920, 417.20 . Here also perh. gé tú inníu i lleith eiseine (? leg. eisléine), Anecd. ii 22 § 9. Cf. i lleith leinne, LL 18172.

On the side of, along with, in support of: hóre attá innar leid cia conicc ní dúun gl. pro nobis, Wb. 4b11 . robu ferr leu buith hi leith Duaid on David's side (in battle), Ml. 87c4 . robbet inna lobrān leith / ria ndul i ṅgnūis spirta nóib `may they be on the side of her weaklings', Thes. ii 348.5 ( Hy. v 90 ). bīd 'na leith used to be with him, ACL iii 307 § 27 . ? uair is ina leath itá (`since it concerns them(?)'), Leb. Cert.² 260 . ar tí airm do chur ar a chois arís a leith an rí in support of, Rel. Celt. ii 202.29 . sé 'n-a leath acht go léigdís had they allowed Him to help them (the two thieves), Dán Dé xx 25 . Perh. also: fágthar misi a leath a bhfuil sa bhfaithedh let me be left to take charge of all [the foes] who are on the field, 23 I 1, 66.18 . an banntigerna bís orra . . . a l.¤ a lámh bítt na mná so [do]gres `are always obedient to her', Maund. 135.

With respect to, concerning, in the case of: dogniat . . . guchoibsenae do thuildiud indaldeth fadesin do tormuch pende foraib `make false confessions about themselves', Mon. Tall. 153.1 . a cion i leith an leanaibh her crime as regards the child, A. Ó Dálaigh li 21 . cenn Muman i lleith o clercibh `as regards its clerics', CS 1008. Perh. also: mar dhaingean i leith a láimhe `to strengthen his hand', PBocht 1.41 . tlás a l.¤ lamh, Irish Texts ii 31 § 3 . a leth laithe `according to the day', Leb. Gab.(i) 240.y .

Various: in mil . . . do rinne in foguil; is a dul ina leth `it (the beast on which the lot falls) goes for its crime', Laws ii 6.30 Comm . in gell do tuitim i lleth in ti tucustur he `the hostage surety falls upon the person', 136.21 Comm . i leith fheirge is eadh a-tá / nach deirge an cneadh an chéad-lá `owing to his wrath', Dán Dé xxviii 7 . a dtéid duid do na deich genoibh / tuig soin san leith ina libh `think of thy share in the ten nuts only in the aspect in which it is thine', PBocht 7.27 .

(i) In phr. i le(i)th fri, in O. Ir. glosses a ll.¤ fri, where a is a s. neut. of article, cf. later l.¤ re without prep. (below).

In the direction of, towards : a nem hitat aingil i n-uachtar ┐ firmimint a ll.¤ frinnai ille `on the side towards us', Ml. 42b10 . i lleth friusom opposite them, LU 1987 ( FA 5 ). i leith risin muir moir, CCath. 1942 . ni dechaid A. isna crichaib borétaib i ll.¤ fri téchtmuir, Alex. 437 . i nilar comperta i lleith re mnaibh ilarda with, BCrólige 57 gl. 7 . Cf. cidh il-leth in tigi fris even in the other side of the house, Lism. L. 1483. Similarly l.¤ fri: isin rann tuaidh do na Deisibh l.¤ le hEoghanact, ITS xvi 56.4 . leath re Hierusalem towards J., Isaiah vii 1 . Of time: hi l.¤ fri aidchi towards nightfall, RC xxii 394.8 .

More freq. as regards, with respect to, in the matter of, touching : a lled fri Abracham `as regards A.', Wb. 2c3 . a lled friss fadesin, 6c18 . a lled fri spirut gl. spiritaliter examinatur, 8b16 . a lleth frissan ingraim gl. quantum ad praesentem causam pertinet, Études Celt. xl 59 ( Ml. 30b2 ). cidh is fis, ┐ cidh is anfis . . . a leith reisin comairce?, Laws iv 228.15 . i ll.¤ fri do[i]nib . . . i ll.¤ fri Dia, Rawl. 75a47 . i leith re claidem when it comes to a sword, SG 248.17 . ro taiselbad he i leith risin fer `it was ascribed to', Laws i 34.10 Comm . is uasal i lleith re tabuirt `when considered as a gift', v 214.17 Comm . cinntech i l.¤ fri Dia, PH 6218 . i lleith ra hiris Críst, Anecd. iii 64.22 . ní measa fian Chaisil Chuirc / i leith re déanamh gach uilc, Content. ii 3 . ar gheallsad sliocht Éibhir Ḟinn / do chomhaillsead i leith rinn `in our regard,' vi 101 . a leith re hóglách m'aosú for a youth of my age, BS 44.8 . ba mór an techt (écht) hisin i l.¤ re mac taoísigh, AFM iii 648.14 . In BCC and Beatha S.F. often l.¤ re without prec. prep.: leith riu as regards them, BCC 18.13 (§ 33) . l.¤ re Día, 90.4 (§ 94) . leith re haibíd, Beatha S. F. 1397 . leith re sbioraid, 683 . In some contexts with more specific meaning of because of, by reason of, by, through : is ed fodera in comrorcu sin dam i ll.¤ frit-sa `owing to thee', MacCongl. 57.7 . a leith ré huathbhás with awe, Ó Héodhusa 66.z . l.¤ re do glicus fein `according to', Celtica ii 62.22 . do leag Dia a lámh air leith re heasláinte righinn do chur ar a chorp. Beatha S. F. 154 . In follg. perh. against : i dteach nDé do ria an ríoghan / Dia lé i leath ris an saoghal, DDána 99.38 (`against the world', Ir. Monthly 1919, 227 ). guais a lonn-ḟuighle i leith ribh, Content. vii 8. But: tiucfaid Laighin a leith ribh / beith at aighidh ni heidir on your side, Irish Texts ii 98 § 15 . Other exx. with follg. FRI: leath re Fodla fuil Uidhir / Fodla ni fuil 'na aghaidh `auf Fodlas Seite ist Odars Blut', ZCP ii 331.29 . gan neach d'Eirinn 'na aghuidh / is l.¤ re Heirind Ulaigh `sind auf Erins Seite die Ulaten', 332.1 . si-se leath re Lámhach, DDána 98.38 . ní bhiadh . . . / leath ag Dia ris na daoinibh `God would not have come among men', Aithd. D. 98.5 . For Mod. Ir. maidir le, mar le (mad i l.¤ fri) see O'Rahilly, Ériu ix 14.

(j) In phrases replacing earlier ille, immalle: o sin i leith, Anecd. ii 3.8 (= i lle, Airne F. 77 ). ón ló sin i lleath, Dhá Sgéal Art. 1180 . o shin a leath, Smaointe B. Chr. 169. a hAlbain a leith, AFM iii 366.z . Cf. toit cuccum-sa i lletsa `on this side', CCath. 2982 . `rosc' tuigsin gach neich ma le, Metr. Gl. 11 § 10 (maleith, LL).

B In meaning half .

I

(a) a half, the half (of): ni roisset á l.¤-adi gl. mediam aetatem, Ml. 74a11 . ni arindí bed l.¤ ṅgotho no bed indib (ref. to semiuocales), Sg. 5a4 . a ll.¤ o laim deiss gl. dexteram . . . partem, 17b2 . dephtoros dodichsed inna leith chomsuidigthi `would enter as half of the compound', 18a4 . l.¤ ind orpi-so `half of this heritage', Thes. ii 239.16 ( Ardm. 17b ). a lleith n-aill, AU 747 . a leath na cille, 836 . isindara l.¤ in lestair ┐ in l.¤ n-aill dō-sum, Corm. Y 1059 (p. 92.6) . o leuth lathi, SR 8041 . l.¤ fer nAlban, Anecd. i 1.2 ( SCano 3 ). l.¤ nó trían do chruth, TBFr. 224 . l.¤ na haidche, Fing. R. 791. i leith laoi at midday, DDána 42.3 . l.¤ ruith ┐ l.¤ gabra `riders in chariots and riders on horses' (notes), BDD² 460 . ní rabi la Ultu láth gaile rosassad l.¤ méite fair, LU 9184 ( FB 91 ). co n-acca ara chind in fer ┐ l.¤ a chind fair ┐ l.¤ fir aile fora muin, LU 4933 ( TBC-I¹ 448 ). dagénsa dá leth de (a warrior), LU 5306 ( TBC-I¹ 829 ). leca lógmara . . . ┐ a llethe úachtarcha ina lócharnaib, LU 2055 ( FA 13 ). trían nó l.¤ a ḟeraind, Imr. Brain 46.13 . mo trín is luga lethi, LL 11031 ( TBC-LL¹ 4198 ). mo trian is luga lethe, TBC St. 3501 . secib ni foghailther a ndiph randaip raiter in dara rand co rab l.¤ cin cob cudruma, Auraic. 2925 . comortus andso se fer 'na leit[h] secha so híos `in the half below' (scribal note), TTebe xvii 26 . ro-scoilt bend-chapur in tempuil in ṅdíb lethib, PH 2896 . i ngach leith don ló `every hour of the day' ( Ir. Monthly 1927, 551 ), DDána 106.4 . gé atá a leath do Cinedh Conuill although half of it belongs to, Irish Texts ii 42 § 16 . do gheibhinn-si . . . / . . . / t'uille ┐ leath do leabtha, TD 14.17 . ní as lía iná l.¤ na nguth (of votes), RSClára 98a . gur thuit in cath-milid C. ina lethib leadairthi, MR 270.16 . do gerr conuige a l.¤ é `clave him to his middle', Fier. 225 . úachtarán leithe Ierusalem, Nehemiah iii 9. ? am luidset co leth lenna, feimidset imram nach leth `when they had got half way across', Dinds. 5.

(b) In legal contexts: lóg leith ungæ di muccib `half an ounce in pigs', Thes. ii 239.19 (Ardm.). trichait l.¤ n-unga n-argait, SR 3152 . na coic leithe unga, RC x 94.2 . l.¤ .uii. cumal a smacht cana, Ir. Recht 37.16 . coraigecht aenmna re bliadain dam . . . ┐ l.¤ feissi dogrés `half-conjugal society', Acall. 4955 (SG). trian n-urgnama, a l.¤ do mnai do gni half of it (milk) to the woman who does the work, Laws ii 364.23 . l.¤ do fir fodngaib, l.¤ n-aill do faithchi hi fogabar, iv 184.18 (of swarming bees). l.¤ méich tharai a half measure of kiln-dried wheat, Críth G. 111 . l.¤ n-arathair a half share in a plough, 158 . díre a béla colpda(i)ch; a l.¤ dia ḟidbu, etc., 247 . secht fuile cena dia mbeir liaig l.¤ half-fee, Laws v 362.15 . let leithi in trin one-half of one-half, ii 366.2 Comm .

(c) Of territorial divisions: cu ru raind Hérinn dar dó ┐ co tuc in l.¤ ro boí sís d'Hérind do Thúaith Dé Danann et in l.¤ aile do Maccaib Míled, MU² 5 , 6 . leath / indsi móiri Mac Mílead, Leb. Cert.² 263 . rannfa meise . . . / i ndíbh leithibh críoch fhuar Éireann, DDána 111.8 . Domnall mac dā leithi (.i. al-l.¤ tes ┐ tūaid dind Érinn), ZCP xii 236 § 56 , cf. in fíal Fer dá lethe, Fél. Dec. 4 . On the traditional division of Ireland into L. Cuinn and L. Moga see O'Rahilly, EIHM 191 - 2 . Lex aui Suanaich for Leith Cuinn, AU 748 . ruc leth na muici cona druim ó Leith Cuinn, Sc.M² 18 R . Mug Nuadat a quo leth Moga N., Rawl. 147b19 . tairct[h]er leth Érenn uait-si do C[h]onn, ML² 904. Note further: roiniudh for Gallu Locha Cuan re Leith Cathail, AU 943 . leath Branuigh `O' Byrne's half', LBranach 67 . G. . . . ri lethi iarthuraigi Ceneoil Aeda, Ann. Conn. 1224.6 . dala immorro na lethe thess do Chonnachtaib, 1225.14 .

(d) In phr. l.¤ catha, l.¤ gliad (fitting) opponent in battle, adversary: l.¤ catha, TBC-I¹ 3289 (of Celtchar) = TBC-LL¹ 5394. bud leór l.¤ catha do ḟeraib hÉrend siat ac cosnam a tigerna, 5708 . l.¤ gliad, TBC-I¹ 3252 (Rochaid) = TBC-LL¹ 5315. Hence without accompanying gen: is suaill nach leath doib Domnall all but a match for them, Prolegomena 44 § 18 . do budh leath dáibh uile í `she would equal them all', PBocht 9.17 . cath do thabhairt dóibh, gion go bhfuilmíd leath nó trian riú, CRR² 26.

(e) Attrib. g s.: eisinnraic leithi `half unworthy', Laws i 116.3 Comm . a gilla glomhuir amuil a amhus lethe (some kind of a servant), ii 26.5 Comm . roinn leithe ar anbhuain Eirenn a bisection, O'Gr. Cat. 464.12 . do gheall tú roinn leatha dhamh ann do thír, Dhá Sgéal Art. 800.

(f) In vaguer sense part, division : cechtar in da leithe sin `each of those two parts', gl. in duas partes diuidere (of the word uires), Sg. 25b6 . is Persa bar leath share(?), Alex. 191. in leath budh mō da rīge, Ériu iv 178 § 32.

In phrases.

II

(a) In phr. co le(i)th and a half : noichtiche co lleuth 29½ days, BCr. 3c ( Thes. ii 10.5 ). sith mbliadhna co l.¤ , AU 1128 (ii 120.12) . fri ré bliadna co lleith, LU 1279 (H). dí ungi co leith, RC x 62.1 . tri huairi dec co ll.¤ , MacCarthy 46.3 . bliadhain go leith, TD 32.40 . míle go leith, Keat. Poems 1345. Meaning doubtful in: dia tí íasc i n-inbera rot bía hé[u] co lleith araile. Dia tí iall a mmag rot bía caúth co lleith araile, LU 5646 ( TBC-I¹ 1168 ) = co leth arale . . . colleith arailiu, ZCP ix 148 - 9 = dia foígela énflaith . . .co lleith alailiu . . . Día tomna . . . iasc . . . co leith arailiu, LU 5526 = co leith allaile . . . co lleth arailiu, TBC-I¹ 1043 = colleith alailiu . . . colleth alailiu, ZCP ix 145.38 . See TBC-LL¹ 1830 ff ., where Windisch's literal translation (see n. 0 ) with the other half (which makes up the pair) does not seem possible; araile, -iu, etc. may have belonged originally to the beginning of the next sentence (see Fasc. A 119.11 ff ), and hé[u] co l.¤ may be a hyperbole.

(b) In phr. for (ar) le(i)th: fer for l.¤ Connacht `more than half the Connaughtmen', Cóir Anm. 251 . gur cosain . . . treab ar l.¤ Alpan dó, IT, ii2 123.32 . ceall ar l.¤ ceall `one more than half of the churches', RC xiv 30 § 8 . duine ar leith fer nErenn, SG 20.36 . triar for leith a sluag foracbaiset half their army plus three, RC vi 188.13 .

Compds.

In meaning A.

(a) Perh. in sense of -sided in: lethchil .i. lethchlāen, Corm. Y 318 . gruaidh leathchorcra ar lí na subh, L. Cl. A. B. 193.90 . drech lethderg lethgabur (description of Conall Cernach), LU 8636 ( FB 47 ). do Meidbh Lethdeirg, ZCP xi 42 § 28 . do thaeb lethḟas bare, Mart. Tall. 112.1 . druim na leirge leathfholamh, Aithd. D. 20.26 . it é lethgabra amal Conall Cernach, BDD² 1150 , taken in BDD and by Vendryes, Études Celt. iv 397 as subst. ` centaur ', cf. lethghabar .i. lethech, H 3.18, 532.14 ; but cf. gabar .i. solus, Lec. Gl. 536 and see 2 gabor. as aigi-siomh fil in drec[h] lethgabar (of Genonn Gruadṡolus), TBC St. 4500. ag goradh a ghruaidh leithghil, L. Cl. A. B. 90.78 . Luoch Lethglass . . . lethglass e o talmain go mullach a cinn green-sided(?), RC xii 100 § 136. ? Dun da Lethglas, IT iii 40 § 34 (see Hog. Onom.). senchas lethmáel `pointless', Metr. Dinds. iv 24.24 . sluagh lethodar, Leb. Cert. 4.16 . ? bloscad inna gréne frisinna margánu lethrati, ZCP viii 175.24 . cuing leth-remor 'na leth-leirg `broad-flanked', Metr. Dinds. ii 46.10 .

(b) More partic. ¤ard etc. lit. (high) at one side, hence uneven, unequal: measam laidi (leg. lige) lethard lopsided, ZCP xvii 69 § 9 = ACL iii 230.155 . Usually in more abstr. sense unequal, unfair , etc.: claen cach lethard, O'Curry 351 ( H 3.18, 193b ). dire l., BCrólige 5 . tacra la leath-ard n-ae `to plead in support of an unequal cause', Laws v 252.11 . In Laws Comm. freq. lethairde: fo comairdi no fo leithairde `equally or unequally', iii 270.7 . comhroinnter eturru fein fo lethairde unequally, iv 254.11 Comm . ba lethard cundartha / ba tomus lettromm `an unequal contract, uneven measure', MacCongl. 73.29 - 30 . cid lethard a ngrād, BColm. 34.1 . im lethard rainne unfair division(?), ZCP xii 365.2 . ba lethfota a lám one of his arms was longer than the other, iii 218 § 24 . adhaigh is lá go leathfhada `of unequal length', Aithd. D. 61.20 . nī bu leithísel in mám down at one side, Hy. v 56. Hence with certain adjj. of defective rhymes: coic fodhla arē ccuibdes oll: / leathfoda, leathtend, leathtrom, / bruilingicht, nī bec in col, / let[h]garbh gin a lesugud, ZCP xii 295 § 6. See lettrom etc.

(c) Hence with nouns meaning judgement, opinion, contract etc. onesided, partial, prejudiced: ar n-aonbhrath breithimh-ne san Luan ní bu leathaighne partial advocate, Aithd. D. 55.7 . leathbháidh fil agat re hÓ F., Maguires of F. 18 . can lethbreath iter saidbir ┐ daidbir impartial, YBL 167b39 . ar in lethbreth ruc A. imon ubull orda, Aen. 211 . leith-bhreath le báidh ní bhéara Ó Fearadhaigh, DDána 109.20 . leithbr[ia]thar accusation(?), Acall. 7995. masa lethbrostu . . . no masa combrostu setting-on on one side (of dogs fighting), Laws iii 196.1 Comm . cia lethcoimpert i n-airbert breithe (improper behaviour in a judge), O'D. 536 ( H 3.17, 432 ) = O'Curry 2271 ( Eg. 88, 20 ), see ZCP xv 355 . arin lethcumaid dorōine sé ara brōgaib fēin sech brōgaib na manach the partial treatment he gave to his own shoes, ZCP iii 33.6 . lethchuma ar Ghilla Dé / ní cuibe do'n té dogní `an injustice to G.D.', SG 284.5 . do leath-chumaidh ar an gcuid oile don mheithil unfairly, TSh. 10134 . lethedargaire, MR 262.23 . is fer lethetrana do chuaid etarru biassed mediator, Laws iii 196.11 Comm . in t-ochtmad aithne:— na dena leth-fhiadnaise false witness, PH 7619. leath-ghrádh oide idir dhaltaibh favouritism, Content. xiv 13 . Cf. (adj.) dá gcor i sochar leith-leasach dhóibh féin to their own advantage, TSh. 7103. ? freagra do lethluith, O'Dav. 1510 . bíd in éudach coitchenn gan lethpháirt ar bioth `partiality' (i.e. particularity), RSClára 73b . Cf. leathrannach partial, unfair, Eochairsg. 11.31 . partial (poetic) knowledge : nemṡós, lethṡós, lánṡós 'no knowledge, partial knowledge, full knowledge' Ériu xxxii 62 § 1 . ro gníd lethinacht (= lethṡmacht) mór fair injustice, LL 217a33 ( TTr. 22 ). Cf. doghnid Ioip lethsmacht aturu, D IV 2, 26rb48 = BB 4a21 = 411b26 . ni dhearnaidh leathtrom na leathsmacht, 23 E 26, 289.11 . Hence: mad fleteg ledmagtach dogneid dind æclis, Wb. 11d16 (`factions', Gwynn, Hermathena xx 63 ). aighi (aigne ?) lethsmachtach partial advocate(?), ZCP xii 364.27 . brethem beris breith for leth tagra cin imaidbi without hearing both sides(?), Laws v 354.1 . See leithscél, etc. With similar shade of meaning in adjj.: ro bátar leithriata uile fri Poimp ar tus [cein] co táinic Césair `on the side of P.', CCath. 1244 (leitreta, v.l.) is mor is lethreta in cined doenna frisiṅ dualaig-sin in ecnaig inclined to, PH 6876.

(d) Pleonastically with words meaning side, edge, border. The following examples properly belong to sense B and should be considered under (f) Ériu liii 179-80 : dar let[h]bord in longpuirt `edge', CCath. 5431 . lámh le leathbhord along the frontier, DDána 96.13 . i leithimeal Mhuidhe Dermuidhe, Flower Cat. 471.32 . fa leithimel Conmaicne, AFM vi 1882.4 . medhōn idir dhā leithimell do chonngbhāil between two extremes, Celtica i 194.1078 . Cf. frém lethimeallach an láidaigáin `the exterior radix of the little finger', O'Gr. Cat. 287.31 . nirbo fota ro bai an cath can dul do lethleth `inclining to one of the two sides', CCath. 5742 . do leith-leith na sligedh `on each side of the road', Fl. Earls 162.4 . leithreadh .i. leithleith. robdar leithreadha .i. dochuadar do leithleith, no dén táobh, O'Cl. `leath-luighe leaning', Eg. Gl. 421. See lettáeb, etc.

In meaning B.

(a) In a variety of compds. in meaning half: fer lethbali, MU² 195 (`half-township', Gloss.). bith for lethbargin `a half-ration of bread', Ériu vii 162.z . ? midben .i. lethben nó lethuagh fobīth in toraind bis iter indalæ ben de, O'Mulc. 823 . samaisc i llethbeirt half a bundle, Críth G. 213. ailid cach ben . . . lethbiathad a ceile di `half the refection', BCrólige 56 . ? for lethblai baíth, LL 211a7 (see Metr. Dinds. ii 20.48 ). leth-chanóin `demi-cannon', AFM v 1732.13 . lethcoir n-urnadma `das halbe Ordnungsmässige der Antrauung', Ir. Recht 37.20 . mad lechur (= leth-chur) .i. forgiallnai, O'Curry 829 ( H 3.18, 380 ). fosuididter in ben lethdam in fir half the husband's retinue, Laws ii 386.6 . lethdei = semidei, Auraic. 2920 . lethdrécht . . . i ngort `a half-day's labour', Críth G. 84 (see note). a ndo[ro]chair . . . de lethdoinib . . . dineoch nad roacht cridiu cathae shirkers(?), RC xii 104 § 148 . Cf. co torchair fer ┐ lethfer fer nÉrenn leis, Comp. CC 109.18 , perh. a mere turn of phrase, cf. ech ┐ letheach fer nÉrenn, 11 . lethfeidm laech `half effort', Arch. Hib. ii 54 § 7 . aire forgill in lethḟira `des Halb Schwurs', Cóic Con. 38 § 52 . do leith fitt `half-ration', Mon. Tall. 156.20 . lethflaithem .i. fer da cleithe, Laws iv 350.12 . Christo tantum seruit .i. cen ledfognam coiugio without partial service coniugio , Wb. 10a24 . ? dlighidh saerbiathad deisi, ┐ boin lethgabala `a cow of the second quality', Laws iv 350.y . geni gaba acht lethgabail de, 212.z . aithgin cona lethgabail diabulta `with double half-seizure', v 168.4 Comm . a lethgabol (-ál ?) étaig do brutt `half of clothes for mantle', Ériu i 220 § 14 . ¤gáe half-length spear, short spear(?) (possibly one of a pair of spears) : i suainem in let[h]ga letartaigh, CCath. 5598 . lethgai londrecha lasamna, TTebe 1400 . do lethgāethib lethna lict[h]i `half-spears for throwing', Fianaig. 90.1 . an tres fross do lethghaibh, TFrag. 182.6 . ¤Gall Of people of the Hebrides ( Rannsachadh na Gàidhlig i 14 ): uainn do Lethghallaibh léig[idh], Celtica x 196 § 11 . abbas Leithglinne, AU 639 . in Leth-innsi, 1412 (iii 64.2) . leathloghadh (opp. to lánloghadh) `partial indulgence', Mac Aingil 6421 . ? fri tōeb in lāir leithlessi (-lisse, v.l.) `half-ruined fort', Ériu vii 2.17 . nocht-aile isin lethmachaire `half (cleared) plain', O'Dav. 963 , cf. Laws iv 72.18 Comm ; 'pastureland occasionally tilled (?)' Landscape Archaeology in Ireland 248 . leathnomen = lesainm, ZCP iii 226.13 , cf. leth-ainm fir annatha, Anecd. ii 52.6 . lethol n-ais ó cach airig, Irish Texts i 19 § 5 . fuillem cacha leth-oile, Laws v 414.1 . cét lóeg ┐ di lethorc half-grown pigs (?), LU 6930 ( BDD 54 ). for hErainn cen lethrainn undivided, SR 2351 (cf. Wortk. vi 949 ). Bicair Leth-ratha, AU 1490 (iii 346.4) . cosc sair ┐ dair ┐ lethair 'half-noble' = lethṡáer, Celtica xxiv 38 . a laim leathaer sealba, CIH i 210.25 . .i. i lethsuir na selba, 211.1 . Cf. CIH v 1861.16, 18 , vi 2020.18, 19 . tri gnuidh do lea[th]scoilteach `half-cleavings', IT iii 196.6 . ic leithṡeolad ┐ ic lánṡeolad ri lethgaethaib with shortened sail (?), LL 236a33 - 4 ( TTr. 1431 ). leith slighidh half way, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 30.24 . emisperium .i. letspeir, Ir. Astr. Tr. 88.12 . ni tairgend a hathair lethtinol le, Ir. Recht 37.22 . cutrumu leth-tochusa in fir gusa teit `half the property,' Laws v 290.6 Comm . ní fhuaras . . . / leath-tail óm chéill chorpardha `I have not found even grudging obedience', A. Ó Dálaigh xxxix 11 . letorud . . . asin chulid half-produce, Lism. L. 321.16 . ? tech . . . amal bid lethuaim aicenta, ZCP xvii 232.4 .

(b) With names of measures, numbers, periods of time, etc.: leathbhannlá, Párl. na mB. 558 . hi cciunn lethbliadna, RC xxvi 366.18 . tri lethcheat do feraibh Airghiall, 150 men, ZCP xiv 234.12 . fiche bairghen . . . san leithcheathramhain, L. Cl. A. B. 46.15 . adopart teora lethindli trea thír Patricio, Thes. ii 239.6 ( Ardm. 17b ). cetra lá ┐ leith-seachtmuin, Acall. 775 . tigerna na Le[th]-Trian, AU 1538 (iii 620.10) . dond lethtomus, BCr. 31b3 ( Thes. ii 14 ). fri re leth-uaire, PH 2475.

(c) With names of units of value: ledhcethramuine mir a cuidach do chuit S., Trans. RIA xv 19.23 . secht leth-cumala, O'Dav. 746 . leth-cumal i mmuin in tanaise, Laws v 400.x . leithdhéighe ar dhuine ealadhan dá ngealltar eich ┐ ba dhó, L. Cl. A. B. 45.9 . bo ag leth-loige, Laws v 402.z . ledhmharg, Trans. RIA xv 29.4 . lethmiach, O'Curry 1557 ( BB 185bb ). lethpinginn ar lacht caerach, O'Curry 345 ( H 3.18, 191 ). fere obillo dignus .i. ní ferr lethscripul, Sg. 49b10 . screpall cach eledna, no leth-screpall cach nem-eledna, Laws v 334.24 Comm . is let[h]sét inna lóg-side, Ériu xvii 70 § 10. na .v. lethuinge, BCrólige 20 gl. 5 . dorat side .xxx. leth-unga n-argaid da cind, BB 237b22 .

(d) With names of fines, penalties, fees etc.: lethaithgein moíne móges, Críth G. 273 . leth-fir testa leth-arra `half the proof of witness or half-security', Laws ii 92.8 Comm . dligid Ū Gusān cáin a deorad ┐ lethc[h]āin urrad ó ríg Midhi, BColm. 64.25 . a lethdilsi ar .iii. biaduibh co leth mbidh `half forfeiture', Laws ii 264.21 - 22 Comm . lethdire cro otrusa, BCrólige 6 . leithdíri da blāi-neimthib, Cáin Ad. 36 . letheiric otrusa cro gac fir di[a] mnai `half the penalty', BCrólige 6 gl. 4 . laneneclann don mac ina athair, letheneclann do ina senathair, Ir. Recht 40.22 . mād étged nō anfes, lethfīach ind, Cáin Ad. 35 . ioctar lethfiach anfocail ria, O'Curry 2157 ( Eg. 88, 4a ). im aradain ┐ im lethfrichnam na trebaire `half the service of the husbandry', Laws ii 392.12 Comm . leth-fuillem gill cauich (= cuaich) cach rig do chuuch cach airech, v 412.11 . lan gille ┐ lethgille, i 260.19 . na dlegat lethiarra doib `are not entitled to half fosterage-fee', 198.2 . bedidh leth lan (lethlán ?) ngell do tuit for cach, ii 136.17 . lethlóg [n-]enech cach gráid túaithe, Críth G. 217 . direanur lethriaruib beusuib cétgiallna, O'D. 510 ( H 3.17, 415 ). do-beir lethsmacht ina sarugud, Ir. Recht 37.21 .

(e) With names of phonetic and metrical features: leath-aimser for taebomnaib half-length, Auraic. 1211 . áram f la lethguthaigthi `semivowels', Sg. 6a10 . in[n]a lethguta cetus .i. f, l, m, n, r, s, x, Auraic. 2904 . leathgutta ┐ mudi, 344 . it cosmaili a ndī lethc[h]omarc half-quatrains, Corm. Y 574 , cf. O'Mulc. 391 . cati a lethc[h]omarc ?, Corm. Y 1059 (93.9) . lethcuibdius `an internal half-rhyme', Auraic. 3839 . dechnad mór ┐ lethdechnad (a metre), IT iii 6 § 5. lethmíbasc name of a metre, 49 § 89 . ni chuille luthbas lethnath (kind of poem ?), Ériu xiii 18.18 ( O'Dav. 1164 ). in lethrand hīsiu dano .i. imommloiscet mo dā n-ō prūll— caiti a lethrann ? what is its corresponding couplet ?, Corm. Y 1059 (93.20) . ina lethrann tuíseach, IT iii 7 n.3 , see p. 128 . gēb-sa lethrand dús in ba cubaid frissa ṅgēba-som, Fing. R. 119. With rannaigecht of metres with shortened line: leth-randaigecht mor corranach, IT iii 82 § 63 . cumasc leth-randaigechta moiri ┐ rindairde, § 64.

(f) With names of things existing or thought of in pairs. See also examples listed above in section (d). Of parts of the body: lethail (óil) gl. mala, Ir. Gl. 90 . i lleithóil a meic `one of her son's cheeks', Cáin Ad. 12 . flesc . . . . do erissem dia lethlaim furi ┐ lorc isind laim aili `so that their one hand may rest on it', Ml. 45c9 . a lethchoss geidh you one-legged goose (lit. one leg of a goose), IT iii 102 § 190 . for lethcois ┐ letsuil standing on one foot and with one eye closed, RC xii 98 § 129 . co tard a leathgúalainn fria hursaind in tigi, BDD² 542 . dligid in rí a leathgualainn 'the king is entitled to sit beside him', Leb. Cert.² 583 . fó a leth-oscail deis, ZCP v 526.24 . tuc buille ina lethchíg shoiscéla, SG 41.4 . mó ná both leptha a lethchlúas, Metr. Dinds. iv 138.74 . ma ro benad a lethchos, no a lethlam . . . do duine no lethbel, Laws iii 348.11 - 12 Comm . dlighid dno ri A. . . . leathlaimh rig Erend ig ol ┐ ac aenach to be beside, BB 274a4 . ┐ se baccach, leth-roisc, PH 620 . lethsciath `one of thy wings', RC xx 48.6 . ro-s-bensat a leth-shuil ṅdeiss asa chind, PH 553 . gallgha dan lán do leathdorn, DDána 84.45 . a leathára ┐ íth muice, L. Cl. A. B. 45.11 . leathuille dheas Í Dhomhnoill, TD 27.20 . ócc-laech leth-ruisc clí, BNnÉ 94.8 . stuadhus a lethghlún . . . ar bhéaluibh Ḟinn, CF 253 (Eg.) = a glun deas, text. In B. na f.: lethrend .i. lethchos: dā lú is lethrend dībh co losc, ZCP v 484 § 6. Of weapons: 'na leathgrúaidh, Duan. F. ii 224 § 7 . im chechtar a da lethdorn in chlaidib, LL 237b38 ( TTr. 1548 ). Fig. leathlámh, a Dhé, im dhál distress my portion, Aithd. D. 52.1 . ? tríocha laoch gan leathlámha, DDána 86.32 . In deriv. adjj.: misi . . . co leath-lámach, MR 308.7 . tri náimhde . . . lethṡúilecha one-eyed, Acall. 6248. Less exactly with names of other parts of the body: baluid dia lethagid in luirg, TBC-LL¹ 651 . imspelip dano .i. bīd folt cechtar na dā lethc[h]end on each side of the head, Corm. Y 1091 . bit lir . . . renda nime far leithchind ┐ far lethchloigind, BDD² 861 - 2 . lamha leoiti ┐ leithcind letarda, CCath. 3179 . dar leit[h]cenn Sleibi Ois, 4770 . tecmait da sleig inna dib leth-foltaib two tresses(?), LU 4359 . gidh a leathfolt gidh a lanfolt gatar du duine, O'D. 2334 ( Rawl. 506, 36 ). gur leadair in leath-ucht ┐ in leath-bhruinne, MR 300.1 . ro ber[r]tha a lethu[l]chi, SR 6720 (= rasit . . . dimidiam partem barbae, 2 Reg. x 4 ). conda tarla fora lethbeólu lopsided, LU 8382 ( FB 25 ). Note also the adj. lethcholpthach of a defective cow injured in a leg, limping(?): mat leth-colpthach, O'Curry 250 ( H 3.18, 145a ). intan . . . ropo lethcolb in set, O'Curry 345 ( H 3.18, 191b ) = O'D. 662 ( H 3.17, 492a ). cid caoch cíd lethcolptach iat, O'D. 855 ( H 3.17, 609 ). cid lecholb, O'D. 1629 ( H 5.15, 16b ). cid lethcolpach iat, O'D. 1646 ( H 5.15, 20a ). Cf. intan roba chaech no crín no bacach in sét, O'D. 1629 ( H 5.15, 16 ).

With a large variety of other nouns in sense of one of two, one of a pair : ní thuc acht lethassa imme `one shoe', Fél. 12.28 . doníter long . . . do lethblaeisc na huidhi (leg. huighe) sin one half-shell, RC xxiv 377.5 . iall lethbraigi (= bróice), IT iii 81 § 59 . gabaid leithchenn na cloiche, Acall. 2176. genelach húa nEchach Coba ┐ is iat-side let[h]chenēl (lethcenelach, v.l.) Dāl nAraidi, Corp. Gen. 326 (162b13) . dobered-sum lethcluiche forra he would win his game from them, RC v 199.27 . lethcnaim a rig, Laws v 354.5 . led-chollbe flatho `one of the two pillars of the kingdom', Wb. 23d31 . lethcholbe flatho .i. Brigit, Thes. ii 326.3 ( Hy. iv 9 ). leathchonchlonn eile an Íobhail `the Jew's companion', Aithd. D. 94.3 . lethchosmailius lesom inso trisa cotarsnae one member of a comparison, Ml. 30d19 . 37d10 . ro gab a leth-chuarán de, Lib. Hymn. i 187.32 . dom leathchuing fhir ealadhna to my fellow-poet, DDána 76.21 , cf. Aithd. D. 13.22 . nochar leathchumthach leanna / A. `no solitary drinker of his feast', Aithd. D. 42.11 . dá leath-dhlaoi an dréimire the two uprights, TSh. 10832 . tainic ar inchaibh a lethemain `his twin brother', CCath. 2068 . lethén in eóin allmaraig the foreign bird's mate, GJ iv 42b22 . claideb lethḟáebair one-edged, TBC-LL¹ 1718 . aos lethḟaobhoir, ZCP x 285.6 . Cf. cletine .i. lethfaobrach, O'Dav. 568 . is lethgabail flatha fri hEoganacht they are entitled to kingship in turn, Irish Texts i 21 § 13 . leithgenelach D. pedigree on the other side, ZCP xiv 70.6 . is do leithgenelaig fer nGréc dóib, Dinds. 128 = do Greccaib a llethcinel, Bodl. Dinds. 14. fria lethéill a bróci do bein de, MacCongl. 47.9 . smacht lethime one side of a boundary-fence(?), Laws v 270.21 Comm .; y Comm . leathlámhann (sic leg.) one glove, Eochairsg. 64.29 . leathmharcach `fellow-horseman', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 406.8 . lethmuincille, RC xxvi 362.6 . a braithre . . . da mharbadh tre leathol fleghi having shared a feast, Caithr. CC 2 (leg. ḟleadhól? But cf. lethdeog fri caindli sorcha, Anecd. i 14.16 = SCano 480 ). Cf. (adj.) iairmeirgi ḟuar leathrannach `nocturns that equally divide (the night)', Acall. 2963 v.l. ( SG ii 178 ) = ZCP vi 271.10 . Indrechtach . . . lethríg Ulad `one of the two kings of U.', Ann. Inisf. 835 . drem na llethríg, Arch. Hib. ii 50 § 32 . leithrí-sede na Mirmidonda `one of the two kings', LL 240a35 ( TTr. 1741 ). i n-aghaidh an fhir do ríoghais / . . . / leithrí má do-ní do námha a rival king, Aithd. D. 31.18 . C. lethrí Ciarraighe do marbadh . . . do ríg na leithe aile do Ciarraigi, RC xvii 397.7 (Tig.). ro chosain Eocho lethrīgi nUlad īar sin fri Muridach, Aided Echach 202 §6 . i leithríge in tsída fri Fiachna sharing the kingdom, SG 57.25 . G. . . . leaththuiseach don cluichi `one of the two leaders', Ériu xii 142.26 . lethorsa gacha tigi oil door-post, Fen. 166.1 .

(g) With various adjj.: fōcra lethamnas, ACL iii 295 § 24. lethbaiti `half-drowned', Aen. 268 . co torchair sís lethbéo, Trip.² 1505 . na daoine leithbheó dying, TSh. 5698 . doroich . . . in ri cusind epscop ┐ se leth-brec half-speckled with fire, RC xxvi 366.18 . lethchaech gl. monoculosus, Ir. Gl. 624 . cailleach lethchāech, ZCP v 22 § 8 . da mbeth fír occa . . . dam[b]adh gó . . . dam[b]ad lethchintach, IT iii 191 § 20 . cith lethchomnart a n-ude half as strong, ZCP xiii 374.13 (= xx 221 ). lethchosgarthai gl. semirutas, Ml. 128b5 . With -chuind (g s. of cond sense) legal of persons non compos mentis: athgabail fir lethcuind, Laws i 200.29 . ainm do amadan . . . in fer lethcuinn, O'Dav. 485 . o murcuirthi leth-cuind, Laws v 82.12 Comm . Cf. co nderna lethincinn di ar mbrisiudh a leithchinn, TBC-LL¹ p. 315 n.2 . in cetraime lethdedenach second last, IT iii 74 § 34. leithdeimhin `almost certain', Mac Aingil 2424 . re h-anaicentacht leis na lend-brat . . . leth-fada half-long, MR 180.13 . Treithne Leth[g]leór, LL 4917 . Eithne lethgleoir, Rawl. 134b12 . is hé lethgleóir leithinchind lamfota, TBC-LL¹ 5400 = TBC St. 4408. leithghléoir .i. leathshúil ghlóire. laoch leithghleoir, O'Cl. a siriti lethguill, LU 8879 ( FB 67 ). Sothṅge lethgot (n. pr. f.), Rawl. 134b19 . Leath-lobar mac Find, RC xvii 340.x (Tig.). ledmarb gl. emortuum, Wb. 2c26 . a brathair ledarthi leathmarb, TTebe 1013 . coin brena lethoma, LU 2200 ( FA 28 ). lethshathach gl. semisatur, Ir. Gl. 403 . fear uirísiol bean uasal . . . clann leathuasal tig uatha, Párl. na mB. 577 . anní do tindsgnadh atá sé leathullamh, Carswell 16.12 . This prob. also the sense in lethtenn, lethtrom and lethḟota of consonants in the poem in ZCP xii 295 ( daur, gort, bethe . . . / do leith for leith is leathtroum, § 2 ). ngetal, luiss, ruis cona rinn, | nin ┐ muin ... | ... | fedha lettenna, ZCP xii 295 § 3 . fern is coll is tinne tra | ... | donī in trīan sin ... | lethtenn lān is lāncuibdes, ZCP xii 295 § 4 . coic fodhla ar ēccuibdes oll: leathfoda, leathtend, lethtrom, ZCP xii 295 § 6 . With adv.: lesdruim .i. leas uait [┐ fris] cucut, no leatarsna darin druim bis aicmi muine, Auraic. 988 (i.e. the Ogam notches of the m-group transverse the ridge).

In legal contexts: a mic ro gialla, ni cuirthe curu leathfas, O'Curry 1751 ( 23 Q 6, 33b ). ni cuirther curu lethfasa, O'Curry 1064 ( H 3.18 , 440a ). medon-lax .i. leth-lax, O'Curry 114 ( H 3.18, 72 ). cia leth coimperta indarbthar breithemnas no airbert ae leth-balbh teanga ┐rl. .i. comaircim cia in lucht comairbertnaigther don dara leth um an ae um an caingin, O'Curry 1608 ( 23 Q 6, 5a ) `halb Stummzungige', ZCP xv 355. Similarly: cia leth coimpert inarbtha brethe no airbert ae .i. comaircim cia an lucht comairbertnaigter don dara leth uman ae uman caingin ┐ inarbtar o airbert fethamhnais ┐ brethemnais iad .i. lethbhalb tengaid ┐ lethloisc n-eoluis ┐ lethanbal n-ae, O'Curry 2271 ( Eg. 88, 20a ), O'D. 536 ( H 3.17, 432 ), O'D. 1657 ( H 5.15, 22 ), O'D. 1658 (ibid.). fer medongaite leth-indlidhach in ceile `half-unlawful', Laws v 218.17 Comm . O'Curry 2154 - 5 ( Eg. 88, 4a ), O'Curry 2156 ( Eg. 88, 4a ).

(h) Rarely with verbs (mainly for alliteration): cor ben a heochair dar suil Cormaic co ro lethchaech hé, Laws iii 84.1 (Introd. to Lebar Aicle). Ulaidh leis mar leathghabhaid when the Ulaidh take his side, Aithd. D. 20.20 . rí dá lógh do leathtolladh whose side was pierced, 60.2 . ro leithbrisedh ┐ ro lángabhadh an baile, AFM v 1658.20 .

In many nn. loc., both as subst. and as first element of compds. See Hog. Onom.

2 lín

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 lín or dil.ie/30234
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: lined

n o, n. (Lat. linum ?). Note also g s. lined, LB 129a5 . m., IGT Decl. § 96.

I linen, cloth, thread : bar ar slegaib . . . go suanemnaib l.¤ lanchatut indi, TBC-LL¹ 3572 . línanarta l.¤ lángela, 5045 . lin a linio (leg. lino), Corm. Y 822 , with which compare: in-étgud, ephud lineo (:gleo), SR 6206 = efud lined, LB 129a5 . co caslaib l.¤ gil impu, LU 1971 ( FA 4 ). cassal l.¤ gil, Ériu ii 204.6 . cuicel lin, Laws i 152.16 Comm . ro héted . . . ó etach l.¤ gil he, PH 470 . ross is ael is lin lanchuir `flax thread of full twist' (materials of Nimrod's Tower), Auraic. 297 . cubat do lénid l.¤ / im chorpán cach duine díb, Ir. Review 1912, 250 § 15 . do ghabhdar na fóirne . . . lámha um na leabharliontaibh (-t[h]eduib, ML² 684 ) `long flaxen ropes', ML 46.24 . ceand l.¤ end of flaxen rope (?), IGT Decl. ex. 510 . cuirfidh an sagart a chualaidh l.¤ uime, Levit. vi 10.

II Of the crop flax, plant of flax : cuscuta .i. in claman lin dodder, ACL i 328 § 81 . a scuapaib lin, Laws ii 372.17 . flesc lin .i. da flescther in lin, i 152.15 Comm . an tan loisgthear an líon lais, TSh. 419 . do búaileadh an líon ┐ an eórna, Exodus ix 31 . do fholuigh íad lé loirgnibh l.¤ , Joshua ii 6. See also barrach.

Of other plants, see Hog. Luibhl.

III

(a) fishing-net: l.¤ gl. rete, Sg. 46b2 . cenelae lin gl. cassis, 24b2 . mocol l.¤ gl. subtel, PCr. 28b , Sg. 63a12 . lína gl. retia, Ml. 39d17 . l.¤ uiscí gl. rete, Ir. Gl. 863 . im corus l.¤ , Laws i 122.15 . aen-tarraing in lin, v 484.10 Comm . a llos a l.¤ is a craind, LU 3071 ( SG 236.9 ). poni na lína isin usci, ┐ fogebthai bratan indib, Irish Texts i 17.7 . tar mocoll ind l.¤ , RC x 60.13 . lína lána ó uscib, LL 215a28 . oc telach a llin ┐ a chocholl, BB 405.33 ( Dinds. 104 ). l.¤ éisc, RC xiv 44.13 . gan soc[h]ar o linn ag líon, Rel. Celt. ii 238.27 . is slán entarraing nó entadall in lind cid l.¤ gabala `a net of catching', O'Dav. 975 . i líon tarraing 'into the dragnet', Giolla Brighde 56 § 14 . líon breac 'trout-net', Giolla Brighde 56 § 14 . a líon breacraidh 'their trout-net', Giolla Brighde 242 § 24 . l.¤ gabala eisc, Rosa Angl. 78.4 . fear l.¤ fisherman, O'Hara 2650.

(b) hunting-net: glenaid luch inna línsam (of cat), Thes. ii 293.20 . lína fíadaigh, Acall. 4424 . do chóirig a línta, 4428 . .l. lín fri haige altai, SCano 9 .

Of spider's web: líon an damháin ealluidh, Mac Aingil 2146 . coimtiugh re l.¤ an damain allaid, Rosa Angl. 78.6 .

(c) In fig. uses: is hed isin a llínn ingaib diabul peccatores gl. in laqueum diabuli, Wb. 29b19 . lin mbretheman .i. faill ┐ elgnais, O'Curry 618 ( H 3.18, 299 ). do-gabais al-l.¤ diabuil . . . he, PH 7708 . is l.¤ do ḟastad (of Hell), ZCP iv 243.10 . am lion tarla an file féin, IGT Decl. ex. 1151 . an líon tarraing i dtá sinn (of sin) drag-net, DDána 57.3 (= IGT Decl. ex. 367 ). ata an conach ina ghaisti ┐ ina lin ac an Diabhal a timchill luchta in chonaic fein, ITS xxix 147.15 . do chuir líon ngráidh ar ghabhlaibh `love-net' (Notes), Butler Poems 1989 . iomdha líon do hinnleadh uirre, DDána 32.20 .

Of relationship of Christ and saints: gabhtar leis i n-a líon sealga / San Clára fa gloine gníomh, PBocht 1 . ll.¤ ní fríoth ar feadh an domain / id chorp ionnraic óghamhail / nó gur hinnleadh a líon lais / a dhíol d'innbhear it éagmhais (of Mary), DDána 6.40 . leathan a líon, PBocht 2.11 .

In sense of protecting net : fillidh umam líon gach laoi, Dán Dé ix 12 . Of gospel: conostuicce tre l.¤ intṡoscelai dochum púirt bethad, Trip. 28.6 .

Compds. With nouns: ¤anart linen cloth : l. altóra, SG 38.21 . hi linannart brond Maire (of Christ), Thes. ii 252.10 . imsciṅg linanairt gil, TFerbe 407 . tabair dam in l. imu-m chend, PH 1871 . ¤barr linen headdress, veil : línbarr .i. caille gela, O'Dav. 1149 . ¤brat linen cloth : na línbroit, na hanartai, SR 5972 . gor bo lion-brat ledarach . . . ceinn-berti . . . gacha curad `a piece of linen', MR 266.25 . cach teg ar arabi tuigi . . . atrochair na linbrattaib dermáraib de `in immense flakes', MU 26.10 ( MU² 498 ). ? ¤chor see linchor, lingar. ¤étach linen, linen cloth : imarcraid línédaig 'ma cennuib ┐ 'ma muinelaib (of turbans), Maund. 49 . lé línédach mín ó nÉgipt, Proverbs vii 16 . Linéudach Ueronica, Parrth. Anma 5582. ¤ḟolt: lín-folt (lindfolt, LU) find forordae fair `flaxen hair', BDD 75 . ¤ḟuathróc linen apron : gabais . . . línfhuathróicc tís imme, MacCongl. 63.3 . ¤gort flax-field (as humorous n.pr.): Lene ingen Linghuirt, Anecd. ii 56.2 . ¤phaitt fig. of cow's udder: ccc. bo cranda co lin[n]paitib dubodraib, Dinds. 46 . linpaite 'na ngablaib, Metr. Dinds. iii 220.45 . ¤scóit (see scót) linen cloth, sheet: do cheangail do linscoid gil ┐ da adnaic he, YBL 145b51 = PH 2916 . da thaisbean damsa in linscoit do chuiris mo cholaind (of shroud of Christ), YBL 148b7 . atnagur línscóiti bá chend Cathail `linen sheets', MacCongl. 103.15 . ba baine linscoit lenead arna langlanad `as white as the linen of a smock', TTebe 480 . línsgoit a léned, Acall. 3710 v.l. Cf. ba baine ┐ linsccoidh láinnithe (líonsgoth lainfighthi v.l.), Ériu iv 50.14 .

With adjj.: ¤glan white as linen : leathanucht líonghlan, Hackett xxxix 253 . ¤gortach pertaining to a flax-field. As sobriquet: Lene ingen Lingortaig, Anecd. ii 56. 2 n. .

sned

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sned or dil.ie/38153

 

n [ā, f.?] a nit : s.¤ gl. lens, Sg. 113b8 . an tsnidh, TSh. 9792 . samhluim re sneidh | anbfhann gan fuil, Irish Texts i 32 § 55 (in elegy on dead pig). atait na snedha cona claind | id cholaind , IT iii 88.7 ( BB 292a30 ). as eadh as miola ┐ as sneadha . . . ann ainmhintidhe geintear . . . a ngar don chroiceann, 23 K 42, 285.18 .

2 so, su

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 so, su or dil.ie/38192
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: su-, so-, su-, sonairt, soibheart, soifer, soicheneol, sogh-, soth-, soghthengaid, soighidirdhealbhtha, sothbiadach, sothchroidheach, suacubuir, sochenēuil, sochoisc, soacallaim, soāig, Sodelbi

prefix leniting the follg. initial. In hiatus usually su-; in other positions so- and su- alternate without regard to the quality of the vowel in the next syll., GOI § 365 . In old compds. with follg. neutral consonance: sonairt (nert), solus (lés), ib. § 166 . Later felt as an autonomous element of the compd. and adopts the quality of the vowel of follg. syll., e.g. soibheart, Dánta Gr. 41.27 . soifer, Leb. Gab.(i) 156 n. 4 . soicheneol, MR 96.6 . Occasionally spelt sogh-, soth-: soghthengaid, O'Curry 444 . soighidirdhealbhtha, Luc. Fid. 375.1 . sothbiadach, Laws i 42.4. Comm . sothchroidheach, Donlevy 62.24 . Used in composition with nouns, adjectives, participles, verbals of necessity, and rarely with verbs. When prefixed to nouns to form adjj. the resulting formations, when from o- and ā- stems, generally assume i-inflexion: suacubuir, Ml. 67c8 (accobor). sochenēuil, 101d12 (cenél). sochoisc, Wb. 30b28 (cosc). (Note, however, sásad sognass, Anecd. i 60 § 84 . a slesaib saerclann socineol, Stair Erc. 894 ). The usage in the case of u- stems varies: bad sochrud, Wb. 6a30 . fer sochraid, SR 5751 . mad . . . socomais (socomas, v.l.), ZCP xiv 369 § 30 (commus). On the model of compds. of o- and ā- stems compds. are freely formed in the later language by prefixing so- to the gs. of any noun, the resulting formations being treated as attrib. genitives and left uninflected (see Bergin, Ériu xii 229 ): ben . . . soacallma, MacCongl. 97.3 . lind . . . soóla, TBC-LL¹ 3025 . saerṡloinnti soicheneoil, MR 96.9 . Nouns formed by prefixing so to o- and ā- stems usually retain the declension of the simplex. Note, however, soacallaim (soacallma, soacallmacht, v.ll.) `affability', Tec. Corm. § 1.5 . soāig (ág), Ériu i 118 § 8 .

Freq. used to form artificial compds. in etymological glosses: so-abb gl. sab, ACC 26 . so-acomol gl. socomul, Laws ii 362.4 Comm . so-ána gl. sona, i 42.7 Comm . soth-cedach .i. socothach .i. sothbiadach, 42.4 Comm . so-raidid gl. saeraid, 92.z Comm . Note also: fer . . . sofer a saerughudh, Auraic. 1797 .

The follg. list is illustrative only. Words no longer felt as compds. of so-, e.g. solus (so+lés), sonairt (so+nert), etc., are given as separate articles.

(a) With nouns to form nouns in meaning good . . ., excellent . . . (sometimes with merely intensive force, or for alliteration). With verbal nouns in certain constructions the force is adverbial ( well ). ¤aicsinae comeliness : cia an ghein ba samalta ris . . . ar shofhaicsina `in good looks', Leb. Gab.(i) 98 n. 8 . ¤acallaim affability, ease of address : s. (soacallma, soacallmacht, v.ll.) cen mórdataid `affability without haughtiness', Tec. Corm. § 1.5 . ¤aice a good fosterage, upbringing : aurail coimperta i soaici sochraiti is cor cach techta `das Anbefehlen von `Zeugung' (Kindern) in eine wohlbefreundete (?) gute Erziehung ist ein Vertrag nach aller Gebühr', Stud. in E. Ir. Law 26.4 (= Laws ii 360.28 ). ¤áig: nī soāig nā soairle coimērgi frit mac `it is not fair fight nor wise to rise up against thy own son', Ériu i 118 § 8 . ¤áilgis a good request, suit, claim : bes no soailgis, O'Dav. 1432 . ¤aimser a prosperous time: nō go tāinic s. ann (as oppd. to a period of famine), ML² 112 . go rug sí ar an soaimsir `so that she survived to the period of prosperity', TD 15.34 . ¤airlabra eloquence : .uii. so-urlabra súadh in gach tengaidh díb, RC xxiv 381.11 . ¤airlabraid an eloquent man, an orator : Sencha mac Ailella . . . soirlabraid (saerlabhraidh, erlabraid v.ll.) Ulad, TBC-LL¹ 5233 . ¤airle good counsel : fri sorecht, fri s., Laws iii 22.9 . ¤airm a noble place : túargaib tar cach s. sair | tomaidm locha Léin lindmair, Metr. Dinds. iii 262.43 . ¤aithesc a favourable reply : adfet nach fuair Antenor s. uaidibh, BB 423a32 . ¤altar good fosterage : s., mialtar, . . . ro-altar, Laws i 168.1 . ¤balad good smell, fragrance : boltanugud ┐ s., Laud 610, fo. 25b (Plummer MS. notes). ¤ball a healthy limb : ac Diancécht na s. slán, Metr. Dinds. iii 438.3 . ¤bard: memur fri cach s. sen, Auraic. 1996 . ¤ben: tosach sodcha s. the beginning of fortune is a good wife, Anecd. iii 16.20 . ¤bert a good action, a noble deed : le brath soibheart cuaine Cuinn, Dánta Gr. 41.27 . táinic leo a los a soibheart | cosnam clú do . . ., Miscell. Celt. Soc. 370.26 . ¤bérla: is Sencha . . . ar síd ┐ ar ṡo-berla he is a Sencha for peace and good speech, CRR 27 . ¤bérlaid a good or skilful speaker : Sencha . . . s. fher in talman ┐ fer sídaigthi slúaig Ulad, MU² 757 . Sencha s., LU 10285 . ¤bérlaige pleasantness of speech : do solabarthai ┐ do soberlaigi, YBL 86a53 . ¤blad good fame : cona slóg co s. sain, Metr. Dinds. iii 268.27 . ¤brón cheerfulness : ge dha bhi subha ┐ sobron ┐ somenma ar Ulltaibh desin, ZCP viii 539.19 . ¤brostugud the act of stirring up effectively : flesc arggit . . . i lláim ind arad ic s. na hechraide, LL 189b39 . ¤charthainne: do bí síth ┐ sáime ┐ s. rena linn `amity and peace and quiet', Caithr. Thoirdh. 2.22 . ¤charthannaige charity : do bfollus búidhe ┐ socharthanaighe in epscop naemhtha Déclan, ITS xvi 34.7 . ¤chéimm joyful step : mithigh soicheim go síol gCárthaigh, Ó Bruad. iii 200.1 . ¤ chinded good determination or settlement?: cach socindiud dib sin d'eachaib ┐ srianaib (gloss on saescuir), Laws iii 22.31 Comm . ¤chlann: dobert doib la sidhe (leg. sídh, Ed.) is sochlainn righe Raithlinn `with peace and goodly children', Lism. L. 2143 . ¤chocad easy or successful warfare : ferr sīdh s., Anecd. iii 19.5 . ¤chomairle good counsel : ar fogebadh slainti ┐ sochomairle tria senmam (leg. senmaim) a buinne degabail, D IV 2, 53va29 . ¤chomét: sochomet .i. daghcometas seanchas ┐ a cuimniud, O'Curry 2022 ( H 4.22, p. 49 ). ¤chonách good success, good fortune : mét soinmigi ┐ so-conaigh Poimp, CCath. 5023 . ¤choisce docility : tréde immi-foilnge gáis do baeth, ecna, fosta, s., Triads 194 . treidhe glanus cride duine .i. sochoisci ┐ miscais in cendtair ┐ serc ind alltair, O'D. 992 ( H 3.17, col. 855 ). ¤choiscithe: re bhreith-cheirt a breitheamhan, re s. a soithchern `regularity', MR 102.16 . ¤chostud: a sobés a s. `her good custom, her good manners' (of Ireland), Ériu iv 148.3 . ¤chumtach: neoch mar imḟuaíg snathat d'ór iarna írbrunniud, no d'argut arna ṡ., LL 189a50 . ¤dáil: in buidi, in derg, derb dána | nisgaib fergg fri sodála (of the winds), SR 60 . D. fri gach sodhail soin `D. born to every happiness', Mart. Don. 290.23 . ¤dám a good or proper retinue : caite ceathar sodam gacha gráidh?, O'D. 981 ( H 3.17, col. 779 ). ¤damna good material : dotrua comarda uaim | bid sodamna (bidsodomna, MS.) frit banbúaid, SR 6118 . cach sodomna ríg, LL 147a46 . ¤dath: go s. firinne, O'Curry 2599 ( Eg. 88, fo. 51a ). ¤deibech successful strife : itir sith is tṡodeibech, Irish Texts i 61 § 51 . ¤delb: trí héitich docelat cáin . . . s. cen tothucht `three ugly things that hide fairness . . . a fine person without substance', Triads 85 . a sos, a s., a sulbairi (of Ireland) Ériu iv 146.10 . As npr. eiter G. ┐ Sodeilb ingein Chormaic, ZCP xii 375.16 . g s. Sodelbi, ib. 1 . Sodealb is Cummain, Irish Texts iii 67 § 174 . ¤dindgna a strong fortress : Temair . . . forsmbít sosta sodindgna, Metr. Dinds. i 10.66 . ¤duine inhabitant of a sid : conbuiretar i caomthach na s., ZCP viii 104.19 . ¤fhégad act of seeing well, of observing carefully : dena ar s. riasiu dogné feirg rind, RC xxvi 17 n. 3 . ¤fheithem great attention : ba hadbar galair disi an soi-feithemh do roinne ar Lugaidh ┐ é gan édach, Leb. Gab.(i) 272 n. 5 . ¤fhíadu a good witness : co sorathaib ┐ sofiadnaib, O'D. 820 ( H 3.17, 586 ). ¤fhilltiugud act of making flexible : do sofilltiugud a adbair, CCath. 5218 . ¤fhis see sous. ¤fhostad act of holding well, firmly : each . . . cona srian . . . ima ceand da sofosdad do reir cora, Laws v 62.22 Comm . ¤fhrecra: múchadh feirge soifhreagra `a soft answer turneth away wrath', Ir. Prov. 84 . ¤gaes great wisdom : im sogáes mac Sen-Garmna, Metr. Dinds. iii 244.36 . maith treoir a so-ghaoise so, Content. xxv 12 . ¤gairm act of praising; a pleasant name: eól dam fri s. snaitte | comainm Crúachna comnairte `known to me by smooth-spoken eulogy', Metr. Dinds. iii 348.17 . s. sóer sléibe sen-Míss, 240.20 . ¤gein: soighein bha ré san ríoghacht a noble person, L. Cl. A. B. 257.160 . Of animals: sogein .i. daggin .i. bo maith, ut est cona seasga sogin sét, O'Dav. 1441 . ¤gemm: Saran s. .i. gemm maith, Gorm. Sept. 21 . Cf. soigheam .i. geam maith .i. cloch uasal mhaith, O'Cl. ? ¤gen(n)acht pride, spiritedness : do hotlacht ┐ do hoghenacht su, ZCP viii 549.16 . ¤gnás good manners, custom, usage : trí seithir sotcaid: sognas, sochell, súarcus, Triads 210 . trí seithir sognáise: feidle, soithnges, cuinnmíne, 208 . móithfe sognáiss cach síde `he will delight the company of every fairy knoll', Imr. Brain 52 . ¤gním: sógnim maithiusa virtuous act, LB 156a13 . bheith seadhmhar ré saothrughadh na subháilceadh ┐ na soighníomh, TSh. 1811 . toirmeascc do chor ar shoighniomhaibh muinntire an bharúin . . . isin ffearonn sin `to prevent the Baron's people from working on those lands', AFM vi 2040.z . ¤gnímrad good works, virtuous acts : suidfither gach aon duine . . . ar miadh ┐ ar dligedh ┐ ar a sognim[r]adh, RC xxviii 322.11 . ¤goídelg (lit. good Irish) eloquence : áilgine, saidbres, sogóidelg (among the requirements of a noblewoman), Tec. Corm. § 54.20 . ¤grád great love : Secundin co s. very affectionate S., Gorm. Feb. 21 . rob tuar soghráidh a silleadh, Studies 1921, 74 § 6 . good degree or rank : fri srethblaid ┐ s., LL 146a9 . ¤imól good drinking-round : Fig. maidith . . . in sluag forna doirsi[u] co-rralsat soïmōl for lár ind liss, Sc.M² 18 . ¤insce, inscne good speech, eloquence : cach soinnsce solam, Cóic Con. 22.16 . a senchas, a soinscni (of Ireland), Ériu iv 162.7 . ¤istad good habitation : oga ndecsain dar a soistud, Laws iv 176.z Comm . ¤labairt good speech, eloquence : da mbeitís secht tengtha im cind ┐ secht solabarta súadh cecha tengad dib, Acall. 7551 . ¤labarthae eloquence : do solabarthai ┐ do soberlaigi, YBL 86a53 . ¤labarthaige: da ṡolabartaigi da labradaís `however eloquently they might speak', RC xxiv 383.8 . ¤laech a good warrior : ba buaid solaích, LL 32 marg. inf. ¤lorg a brave troop : robái Echaid . . . | for srethaib saidbre a ṡoluirg, Metr. Dinds. iii 352.66 . ¤maise beauty : rogabastar int ara . . . a chathbar . . . ba somassi dosom sin, TBC-I¹ 1878 . re somaisi na mergedh ┐ na minn rigda, CCath. 4987 . somhaise ┐ sláinte a chuirp, TSh. 7963 . ¤marbthacht mortality : ag bioth-chuimhniughadh an bháis ┐ shomharbhthachta an duine, TSh. 135 . ¤méin a good disposition : Suuithun co soimein, Gorm. July 2 . ¤menma: rodhúisigh fó somhenmain `he awoke refreshed', Ériu iii 158 § 10 . dorad seitrichi ┐ somenmain don tshlogh . . ., Aen. 2088 . an trath leicces a leabra | do cach as cúis tsoimenma, Irish Texts ii 52.18 . ¤míad great honour, respect, glory : gairmebtair . . . co s. . . . na naím, LU 2460 . dligid athair s., ZCP vi 261.23 . ni ḟuair do ṡomíadh acht cuirp Ua Cendselaig (of the results of a battle), RC xviii 268.4 . Nodlaig do bhádhas ag Brían | gum shochar is gum shoimhíadh, IGT Decl. ex. 1649 . ¤mind a goodly diadem; Senan s., Gorm. Sept. 30 . ¤oígidecht good entertainment, hospitality : rodfia suaighidheacht aidchi sunn anocht, RC xv 206.1 . ¤ráith good surety : arach for soraith nad elai .i. for dagraith, Laws i 118.6 , 21 Comm . fal fir fosaither dagnadmann co sorathaib, O'D. 820 ( H 3.17, p. 586 ). ¤recht good law : fri s., fri soairle, Laws iii 22.9 . ¤réidiugad act of smoothing out, making easy : rogab for guidi an Choimded ina croisfigill ma soreidachadh dó, D IV 2, 57va34 . ¤shén good or lucky sign : cia s. ┐ solud búi for in ló i mbátar, TBC-LL¹ 1072 . ¤shíd good peace (?): cen sosid fri toirsi atraig | tarmairt Dauid a haidid, SR 6443 . ¤shín fine weather : co haimsir tsamraid ┐ sosini, CCath. 1361 . ¤shlúag a good or brave host : d'fhir imdích s. sadha, Auraic. 5333 . ¤spirut: amal a s. gl. a Domini Spiritu, Wb. 15b7 . ¤thecosc good instruction : ferrdi sluag sothecusc, MR 158.13 . ¤thengthaid a good speaker, an advocate : airecht fodesin . . . suitengtaidh nodofethaigthear, ZCP xii 360.11 . ¤thinmige sharpness : geraither cloidem senta sothinmiche cach serra, TBC-LL¹ 5602 .

(b) With nouns to form adjectives (on inflexion see above). Here, with nouns other than verbal nouns, the force of so- is as in (a) ( ¤chenéil lit. of, having a good family). With verbal nouns and other nouns implying action the meaning good, fit for, worth is often present ( ¤óil good to drink), but most freq. so- here conveys the idea of ease, facility, possibility , etc.

¤accallma affable, sociable : atcondarc and in suid sulbair s., LL 116a33 . ¤aithne easily known, intelligible, recognizable : adeir Aristotul nach s. an íle ach do leith na hanalogia, O'Gr. Cat. 254.18 . ¤aitrib easily inhabited : in dara crich s., Ir. Astr. Tr. 138.24 . ¤béoil: Sencha sobeóil eloquent, LL 123b5 . re foiléim t'eich ṡing ṡoibhéil sensitive, Aithd. D. 15.15 . ¤blegoin in good milk (of a cow): soilbech .i. s., O'Dav. 1439 . ¤búair rich in cattle : Araba saidbir s., D IV 2, 53vb16 . ¤chaithme: ubhla s. sirmhillsi, BNnÉ 239 § 170 . ní sgéal sochaithmhe sin `imperishable story', PBocht 23.39 . géag úr nach so-chaithmhe sibh `fresh ever-green branch' (of the Blessed Virgin), A. Ó Dálaigh xxvi 10 . ¤charthana worthy of love, lovable : gradhaigis in rí Mochuda oir bá s. hé, BNnÉ 292 § 8 . ¤chlainn well-born?: ba soalt sochlaind ní súail, Metr. Dinds. ii 28.43 . ¤choisc docile, easily instructed or governed : s. gl. docebilem, patientem, Wb. 30b28 . s. cach so-thengtha[id] `every well-spoken person is tractable', Triads 251 . acht bidis soc[h]oisce, ZCP iii 451.28 . As subst. sái cech s. `every docile person is sage', Tec. Corm. § 15.36 . ¤chomais capable, effective : im-dich cach corp a meamra ma[d] socorp . . . sofoltach s. (socumas, v.l.) `mit richtiger Macht', ZCP xiv 369 § 30 (= Laws ii 278.20 ). ¤chomráid conversable, sociable : roba s. Iubdán, SG 239.1 . ¤chonáich prosperous, successful : ua saidbir sochonaig d'erraib ┐ d'armaib . . . int olen sin, TTebe 1927 . fear síothchanta sochonaigh `a peaceable affluent man', AFM iv 858.4 . ¤chorp of good body: mad s. sognimuch, ZCP xiv 369 § 30 . ag loige . . . slan s., Laws ii 246.1 . ¤chu- handsome : más masla bheith sorcha sochumaidh, Ó Bruad. iii 218 § 6 . ¤chumainn lovable : mor ngiolla saor sochomainn | dom lucht chumainn, TD 36.1 . soercland suairc . . . sochomaind, Cog. 178.13 . — dath finely coloured : la slúag slán sóer s., Fél. Aug. 10 . ¤dedla: foghnamh . . . ris nach soidheaghla which is difficult to relinquish, Studies 1932, 140 § 1 . ¤delba comely, handsome : a bhall sliombog soidhealbha, TD 21.6 . ¤déinme: laoich ren soidhéinmhe síodh ban `warriors with whom women readily make peace', TD 9.30 . laoich na ngreagh soidhéinmhe seang `warriors with sleek shapely steeds', 2.25 . ¤deraid: gnúis chorcra ón soidhearaidh síodh `ruddy cheek by whom peace is readily rejected', TD 13.46 . ¤derc visible: compar. airm bes . . . soderci . . . nó bes forréil ann, O'Dav. 1276 . ¤dígail easily avenged (?): lathris solchend sodigail soisilgeneth (rhetoric), ZCP viii 307.4 . ¤díla easily satisfied, requited : soidhíola do Mhac, a Mhuire, Dán Dé x 26 . ¤dula: ro líon an mhuir isin ffersait tarsa ttangattar . . . co nár bhó sodhula tairsi idir so that one could not traverse it, AFM v 1614.22 . an sruth do bhí sodhola dá shluagaib, SG 10.2 . ¤eólais easy to know or follow : glacfaid an slighidh shaobh shoieóluis ┐ casán claon na colla, Mac Aingil 403.5 . ¤fhaicse easily seen, visible : don eagluis shofhaigse, Luc. Fid. 268.z . ¤fhaicsina, ¤fhaircsina visible: an Papa a cenn sofhaicsiona ar talmhuin (of the Church), Parrth. Anma 98.1 . gér bhó soilléir sofhairccsiona luisne ┐ lasracha an bhaile, AFM vi 1956.17 . ¤fhéchain easy to see : co mba sofechain do Nestoir inni sin, BB 434a38 . ¤fhorcetail of good teaching : in morbriughaidh sona sofhoircetuil (of St. Senán), Lism. L. 2469 . ¤fhulaing: cēin bói int aingel forsin cloich ba rothē dó, intan téged for imaire ūad bā s. do tolerable, MacCongl. 31.15 . ba brigh bhecc (sofuluing, sofulaincc, v.ll.) le muintir Césair sin, CCath. 1875 . suilig .i. sofulaing, O'Curry 1298 ( H 3.18, 539a ). ráod sofuluing susceptible (of milk), Rosa Angl. 112.9 . ¤gabála: ó a mbeith an teanga saidhbhir so-ghabhála ar na neithibh maithi atá sna teangthaibh eile, Desid. 32 (see Gloss.). o thicc ailghes an choblighe ni soghabala fris `it is not easy to hold out against it', Leb. Gab.(i) 30.8 . ¤garma ready at call, easy of access : ní maor so nach sagharma, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxi 1 . ¤geis having good `gessa' (?): rop sogeis [in flaith], Tec. Corm. § 6.3 . ¤gnáis, ¤gnás well-bred, sociable : rop sognais [in flaith], Tec. Corm. § 6.17 . for a slóg sochraid sognáis (: mbáis) `among the seemly orderly host', Metr. Dinds. iii 452.42 . See sognas. ¤gráda of good degree or rank : niba ceim soer sograda | tecait druing duba demna, SR 8283 . ¤ gráid lovely : manbad ruirig nimi nair | conic cach suilig s. noble, SR 4182 . an thaobh s. slis-gheal slim, Studies 1928, 676 § 19 . ¤gráid of good degree or rank : for topur s. Segsa `upon the honoured well of S.', Metr. Dinds. iii 288.35 . ¤guide attentive to prayer : soghuidhe an rí tres an ríoghain, DDána 30.27 . ¤id easily yoked, submissive : feil inghen séim soid (disyll.), Gorm. Oct. 26 . ¤imberta easily wielded: compar. bendachais P. na íarnda comdar soimmbertu . . . de, Trip.² 2594 . ¤impóid easily changed or turned : losa grennuidhes in fual ┐ in tallus, curob soimpoigh a linn ruadh e, Rosa Angl. 88.11 . ¤imrim, ¤imrime: cach rudh so-imrim penetrable, O'Curry 734 ( H 3.18, p. 351 ). ech . . . soimrime manageable, O'Curry 1864 ( 23 P 3, 20a ). ¤imthechta easily traversable : claonus an choill do gach leith go ndearnadh bealach socar s. thrithe, BNnÉ 159.9 . ¤lámachtaige palpable : dorogart in draí demnu co tuc dorchai sholamachtaige darsin mag, Three Hom. 26.7 . ¤lámaig dexterous : tucc sidhe sanntach solamhaigh dia shaighidh, AFM vi 2114.22 . ¤leptha: fir lén clúmh cuilte sneachta | gasradh ṡuirgheach ṡoileaptha `amorous ardent youths', TD 21.7 . fa neamh do bhrú a bhanaltra | do budh tú a theagh soileabhtha `thou wert His (Christ's) comfortable dwelling', PBocht 19.14 . (?) ¤lomraid good shearing, yielding much wool : cairaich . . . sochraid solomra[i]d, O'Curry 251 ( H 3.18, 145b ). ¤marthain abiding, permanent : an seanoir s., Skene, Chronicles of the Picts and Scots 101.8 . ¤mesc, ¤mesca intoxicating : ra dáled lind soóla socháin somesc fair, TBC-LL¹ 3025 . midh . . . somesca, Acall. 4961 . leanna somesca, Lism. L. xxxvii 31 . ¤naisc well bound : coir n-athcomairc do-eclannar im cach solam s., Cóic Con. 22 § 18 . ¤óil, ¤óla good to drink : do choirm ṡomlasda ṡo-óil, DDána 85.37 . ra dáled lind soóla . . . fair, TBC-LL¹ 3025 . fleadha somhilsi soóla, Maguires of F. 35 . ¤pháirte: luit báis Dé nach dochaointe | ón pháis is sé s. `twas His Passion that made Him so easy to love (?)', PBocht 19.3 . ¤radairc fair to see : fona minnaib sliptha so-radhaircc, ZCP i 366.3 . ¤ronna kindly, affable : go mbí sochroidheach s. ris gach n-aon, TSh. 8085 . ¤shnadma easily bound: fir ris nach soshnadhma síoth, DDána 106.18 . ¤thacmaing, ¤thacmaig enveloping : inar sroill sothachmaing, Acall. 5808 v.l. gabsaid rigi siar co sir | na caim fa sothacmaig saer, Lec. 204ra25 (= cia sochomtaic, BB 45a1 ). ¤thecoisc, ¤thecuisc docile, teachable : bidh sotheguiscc amailled re comairled duine oile, Ériu v 134 § 79 . atá sí glan . . . sotheaguisg, James iii 17 . ¤thaíb fair-sided: do frithóil sgor seang sothaíbh, IGT Verbs ex. 610 . ¤thinchoisc amenable to instruction. As subst.: is súi cech sothinchoisc slán, Ériu ix 48 § 23 . ¤thuicse intelligible: compar. mínigh dhamh ni as sothuigsi, Desid. 3138 . ¤thuicsena intelligible : atá aní ann féin sothuigseana, TSh. 2900 . ¤thuitme: ata sé s. urusa chum cach uilc = proclivis, ITS xxix 150.35 . ¤urfhuigill easily persuaded, gullible : is s. hi docum a h-aimlesa, De Contemptu 673 .

(c) With adjectives to form adjectives. In a few cases only ( ¤bocc, ¤breg, ¤chaín, ¤lethan, ¤thig, ¤thoirsech, ¤ullam) merely intensive. Freq. in adjectives derived from nouns, a formation based on (a) above. Also in compds. where the second element has the form of a participle or verbal of necessity. Here so- has the same meanings as with verbal nouns in (b) above, and possibly this formation, which is on the whole late, may have originated in cases where the participle had the same form as the gs. of the verbal noun. ¤ac(c)allmach fair-spoken, affable : rop soacallmach [in flaith], Tec. Corm. § 6.7 . ¤accobrach: ūair ba sánntach s. mbánbíd in scolaige, MacCongl. 9.15 . rop s. [in flaith] `let him have good desires', Tec. Corm. § 6.6 . ¤accobraiti desirable : ni ba so-accobraite on `she will not be desirable then', Ériu v 209.25 . ¤acmaingech of good means, affluent, liberal: ba soacmuingech tuarusduil . . . doib, ALC i 276.4 . ¤áirmide easily reckoned : do marb ní nach soairmidhi díbh, Fier. 233 . ¤airmitnech very honorable : bá sruith s. in saerphopul, Alex. 460 . ¤aithenta: i do bheith soghaitheanta (of the church), Luc. Fid. 375.1 . ¤aitrebtha habitable : dona . . . crichaib soaitrebta, Ir. Astr. Tr. 6.1 . ¤aitribthide habitable: suaitribthidi gl. habitabiles, Ml. 126a12 . ¤astaide see saitside. ¤bethuigthe well nourished, well fed. Adv. do chaithiodar . . . a n-aimsior . . . go subach somheanmnach soibheathuighthe, PCT 100 . ¤básaigthe subject to death, mortal : créutúir réusunta sobhasaighthe (of man), Parrth. Anma 68.2 . ¤beirthe easily brought : dá lár is soibheirthe sionn, DDána 45.3 . ¤bésach having good manners or morals : imdich cach corp a meamra ma[d] socorp sognimuch sobesuch `wenn er in gutem Zustand ist inbetreff . . . der Sitten', ZCP xiv 369 § 30 (= Laws ii 278.20 ). a sleasaibh segaindi soibesacha saerclannta, Aen. 2824 . ¤bocc pliant, accommodating, gentle : sē sām[fh]ind s., MacCongl. 87.8 . ¤bogtha easily moved : dochum nach bhíadh éunduine . . . sobhogtha 'sna buaidhearthuibh se, 1 Thessal. iii 3 . ¤breg very fine: a crichaibh seghmura sobreagha Saxan, ZCP vi 68.30 . ¤brígach very strong, mighty : ba sobrioghach nertmar Fergus don gniomh sin, Leb. Gab.(i) 108 n. 5 . ¤briste brittle: soibhriste snáth ar saoghail, Dánta Gr. 16.60 . ¤brónach cheerful, glad : nirdar subaig . . . sobbronaig . . . rapsat dubaig dobbrónaig, TBC-LL¹ 3242 . gur'bhat subaigh sobrónaigh uili iat, Acall. 2303 . Adv. ro chaithedur ind adhaig sin co subach s., 2457 . ¤brostuigthe easily stirred up or provoked : ní sobhrosduigh[th]e é chum feirge, 1 Corinth. xiii 5 . ¤buidech very grateful : atá siad . . . sobhuidheacha grádhach (of a people), Corp. Astron. 84.11 . ¤búalta easily struck : do land is sí s. | cam dhí doba dodhénta, IGT Decl. ex. 1282 . ¤chaín very good, excellent, choice : lind soóla sochain somesc, TBC-LL¹ 3025 . coma s. ri sillad, TTebe 3742 . ¤chairdech very friendly : aurail coimperta i soaici sochraiti glossed .i. aurail . . . clainde a ndagaice be[s] s. sochur doibh, Laws ii 362.2 Comm . (= a clann co deghaite deghcairdech, O'Dav. 137 ). ¤charthanach lovable, amiable, friendly, kind : is suairc s. he ┐ is urusa serc do thabairt do, BB 456a42 . Of inanimate objects: muigi . . . in tíre solusta, suaichnid, sochartanaig `famous, lovable' (of Tír Tairngiri), Lism. L. 3856 . gurbo . . . seimidhe s. in fairrgi, CF 55 . compar. níis socarthanaigh[i] gl. amabilior, Ir. Gl. 1125 . ¤charthe easily loved, attractive : is e . . . suairc s., Mackinnon Cat. 199.18 . ¤chétfadach: ar is soc[h]etfadach cech duil i lleth fria duilem for every separate creature is very sensible of its Creator, Todd Nenn. 51.4 . ¤chlaechlaigthe, ¤chlaechlaithe easily changed : atā corp in duine ēgsamail sochlaechluigthi, RSláinte 77 . [cúig] féilti soclaecloithi `five moveable feasts', O'Gr. Cat. 309.9 . (?) ¤chlaíte: oibrighidh mar leigius fuar oir ata brigh ṡochlaoite innti, 23 K 42, 436.18 . ¤choimhlíonta easily fulfilled : go bhfuilid a aitheanta-som . . . s. maillé re na ghrásaibh, Donlevy 52.9 . ¤chomairlech giving good counsel (susceptible of advice?): fer mórmenmnach . . . sídhamail s. é, CCath. 328 . ¤chorach capable of making a valid contract : s. cach saer `every saer-person may make a contract', Laws iii 8.14 . ¤chortha easily fatigued : dá dtig an reathaidhe do bheith aillseach s., TSh. 10727 . ¤chreitmech credulous, believing : adeir go mbíd Éireannaigh chomh soichreidmheach sin ionnus cibé nídh adéaradh a n-uachtarán . . . go measaid a bheith 'na fhírinne, Keat. i 62.12 . ¤ chreitte easily believed : conadh esdibh-sin uile as soichrete iliomad eōlach Ēreann, Celtica i 93.183 . ¤chridech good-hearted, kind : mar do díochuir Conaire ár gcáirdeas le briathraibh sochraoidheacha `good-natured conversation', ML 118.12 . go mbí sochroidheach soronna ris gach n-aon = caritas . . . benigna est, TSh. 8082 . Adv. taisbén dúinn, a thigherna, go sochroidhech do thrócaire, Parrth. Anma 304.1 . ¤chumscaigthech mobile, agile : ind uili nanmand mbeothach ┐ socumscaightheach, BB 15b26 . ¤delbach well shaped, beautiful : ri sochraidh sodhelbach, Aisl. Tond. 137.21 . cleirech seghdha soidhealbach, KMMisc. 317.22 . As subst.: déana eidirdhealughadh . . . idir an soidhealbhach ┐ an doidhealbhach = discerne . . . pulcrum a deformi, TSh. 7734 . ¤delbda shapely, comely : ocon buidin ṡ. ṡaerchenélaig sin, ZCP xi 62.4 . As subst.: an tsoidhealbhdha ág áluinn, DDána 112.7 . ¤dénta easily done, practicable : ata soidhéanta ag Dia, BNnÉ 12 n. 11 . go ndeuna taithíghe líonmhar an deighghníomha sa soilléir soidheunta é, Donlevy 472.1 . ¤derctha easily seen : co . . . narbo soidercctai oenball dia curp, CCath. 4699 . ¤dergtha: gnúis shoidheargtha ag an óigh aingligh `the blushing face of the angelic maiden' (of Mary), PBocht 4.25 . ¤dílegtha easily digested : co ndliginn oileamain na sean-daineadh beith s., RSláinte 845 . ¤diubraicthe easily thrown, suitable for hurling : roghabh a dhá ṡleagh . . . gona semanuibh soidhiubhruc[th]e, RC xxix 128 § 38 . ¤dolbtha: focheird . . | airchur . . . | segda sodalbtha, SR 6155 . ¤érmach very lively, spirited : robai a ech socair soermach, TTebe 1384 . ¤erráidech prone to error, easily mistaken : soimheallta, sothuitimeach, soighearraideach, Luc. Fid. 334.1 . ¤eterdelbtha easily distinguished : soighidirdhealbhtha o uile sheict ┐ coimhthinol earraideach (of the church), Luc. Fid. 375.1 . ¤fhaicsenach fit to look at, pleasing : dena tú fein so-fhaicsianach do Dhia, ITS xxix 198.10 . ¤fhaicsigthe easily seen, visible : is re haghaidh an duine do cruthuigheadh an saoghul s.-se go léir, Donlevy 476.22 . ¤fhégtha: s. air nach fuil ainm = visibilia innominata, Mackinnon Cat. 40.14 . ¤fhillte easily bent, pliable : an uair bhíos (sc. slat) cruaidh . . . ┐ nách bí soifhillte, Desid. 2175 . ¤fhilltech pliable, easily folded : ro gab inar suairc suata s., CCath. 4674 . claidem . . . sithrigin sohfillteach, 4688 . ¤fholmuigthe easily emptied : an tan as ail an corp do phurgoidiugadh as eigin . . . a dhenamh sofholmhuighthe = fluidus, 23 K 42, 15.1 . ¤fholtach of good qualifications or deeds. Used of a `flaith' and `céle' who rightly observe their reciprocal duties: im-dich cach corp a meamra, ma[d] socorp . . . slan s. `wenn er ist von gutem Gehaben', ZCP xiv 369 § 30 (= Laws ii 278.20 ). nach cele s. ┐ mad anfoltach in flaith, ZCP xiv 391 § 58 (= Laws ii 332.10 ). tobert doib taisiuc na flatha ┐ ni bo s. friu disin, RC xii 70 § 40 ; 'he was not able to discharge his obligations to them' Peritia v 149 . As subst.: is a reir in sofoltaig as-renar `nach der Bestimmung des Wohl-Qualifizierten', ZCP xiv 391 § 58 . ¤fhorfáilid very glad, cheerful : rodailedh lind ┐ biadh doib . . . co mbadar subhaigh soforbailig (soforfailig, v.l.), IT iii 197.20 . ¤fhulachta endurable : ba soolachta dam iartain fulang a brotha, RC xlvi 230.10 . ¤gabálta easily handled, managed : corrc[h]athbarr círach . . . sronach so-gabaltae do iarann `capacious', CCath. 5262 . Freq. as an epithet of horses: for dá n-echaib . . . sogabalta, TBC-I¹ 1974 , `well-yoked' Faraday. tri cóecait gabur . . . itt é beólaide, s[o]aitside, sogabáldai `easily yoked', BDD 51 . ¤gabáltach: for dib echaib . . . denmecha suntrigsigh sogabaltaich, TBC-I¹ 2333 . leth don cholaind sogubbhaltaigh `well-conditioned' (of a fattened pig), Laws ii 414.2 . ¤gabtha easily accepted (?): in dub . . . | in temen . . . | ind odar, doirchi datha | nidat soirchi s., SR 64 . ¤gelta well grazed : sochorp subaid s. `gut im Futter' (of a bullock), ZCP xiv 351 § 9 (= Laws ii 246.1 ). ¤genda (gein) well born; spirited, proud : oglach sotal so-ghenna eisin, TBC-LL¹ p. 301 n. 2 . Adv. dochōdai-siu co soindim sogenda remond isin teach, TBC-I¹ 2498 . ¤gerrtha: sinech shármór s. | loch Rugraide rithestar (rhetoric) vulnerable (?), SG 251.24 . ¤gessi: bid saidbir, bid sogeisse (sogessi, sogheis, v.ll.) `leicht zu erbitten', ZCP xi 87 § 52 . ¤glactha that may be felt: áit 'na bhfuil . . . dorchadas s. = palpabiles, TSh. 6596 . ¤glúaiste easily moved, movable : inmobilis (leg. mobilis) a Laitin, sogluaisti a Gaidilg, O'Curry 1284 ( H 3.18, 535 ). dá madh ní soghluaiste an Eire sin, ML 44.4 . bíd soghluaiste chum feirge fo bheag-adhbhar, Corp. Astron. 70.19 . a huile shealbha sogluaiste, AFM vi 2148.4 . doréidhidh íad go socair sóghlúaisde `he broke them in until (they were) quiet and easily-ridden' (of horses), Ériu v 190.483 . mul socair sogluasta `a comfortable, easy-riding mule', ZCP vi 283.21 . ataid a slíghthe soghlúaiste `her ways are moveable', Proverbs v 6 . i maitheas shoghluaisde an tsaoghail se transient, TSh. 343 . ¤gnásach, ¤gnásaich having good manners (?), sociable (?): robo ṡoghnasach ┐ ba hailghin ac a haltrum, RC vi 174.9 . bud sognasaig soacallma, SG 253.31 . ¤glan very pure : a c[h]omrād ba s. sēim (of Colum Cille), ZCP vii 303 § 4 . ¤gnímach of good deeds, beneficent, virtuous : im-dich cach corp a meamra ma[d] socorp sognimuch sobesuch `wenn er in gute Zustand ist inbetreff . . . der Handlungen', ZCP xiv 369 § 30 (= Laws ii 278.20 ). do Shinell shoigniomhach, Misc. Hag. Hib. 111 § 33 . Adv. luid roime . . in rí . . co subach s., LB 236a18 . ¤gonta easily wounded, vulnerable : co narbo s. . . . oenball dia curp, CCath. 4699 . ¤grádach very loving; lovable, pleasing : rosc socraidh sogradach lais, BB 427a45 . go raibhe 'na Rígh .. . ro-shoghrádhach, Desid. 6879 . mac Domhnuill ṡaoir ṡoghrádhaigh, TD 32.53 . Adv.: tiagaid co subach sogradach dia tir, BB 238b31 . ¤guiti easily entreated : Fiacha Súigthi .i. soghuithe, ar bá hurusa a etarghuide, Cóir Anm. 168 . ¤impóithech: is i so dani na plained co soimpaidtec ┐ an talam co dogluasta easily revolvable, Ir. Astr. Tr. 120.9 . gurub soimpoitheach a leann ruadh e easily convertible, 23 P 10, 15a9 . ¤lámhachtach easily handled, palpable: compar. ba solamachtaige [cuirp na hesergi] iar fhirinde in aicnid chorpda, PH 6747 . ¤lámaigthe easily handled (?): do éirgidar ceithre hollchúigidh Érenn a crislaighibh . . . a lúireach saidhbhir solámaigthi, Comp. CC 102.1 . ¤lámda, ¤lámaide easily handled, manageable : arm solámhdha, O'Gr. Cat. 510.26 . sitheadh . . . solāmaidhe dexterous, Feis Tighe Chonáin 389 . As subst. excellent handiwork, dexterity (?): érlam scolárda do scríb | dérgadh rígh solámhda súadh, IGT Decl. ex. 184 . ¤lecctha easily brought down : ní soileagtha thú tairsibh `thou art not likely to be overthrown in despite of them', TD 2.18 . ¤légtha legible: compar. nías soleghta gl. legibilior, Ir. Gl. 1126 . ¤leónta easily wounded : tuig gurab éadaingean soileónta do bhí an cholann daonna i nÁdhamh, TSh. 2547 . ¤lepthach luxurious, wanton (?): s. cech suirgech `every lover likes a dainty bed', Tec. Corm. § 13.29 . As subst. finechur gach solebach, Laws iv 374.23 = finichair gach solepaid, O'D. 1007 ( H 2.15A, p. 15a ). ¤lethan very wide, spacious : go himlibh Locha soileathain Ríbh, BS 118.5 . ¤lesaigthe well prepared : fled . . . solum s., SG 238.7 . ¤límtha well polished or whetted : de fhaobharaibh colg . . . solíomhtha, ML 128.19 . ¤logtha easily forgiven, venial : tréna bpeacadhaibh sologhtha, TSh. 4366 . ¤logthach easily forgiven : peacadh marbhthach ┐ peacadh sologhthach, Eochairsg. 73.29 . ¤maisech very beautiful : inar sroill s., Acall. 7267 v.l. na subháilce somhaiseacha chailleas a los an pheacaidh, TSh. 1456 . gurb ardmaigistir isna secht n-eladhnaibh somaisecha saera `seven elegant liberal arts', Stair Erc. 970 . ¤marbtha mortal : ní fhuil ionainne acht daoine so-mharbhtha mar sibhse, TSh. 150 . corp somharbtha, Romans vi 12 . ¤mellta easily deceived, beguiled, enticed : daoine iad uile soimheallta, learab eidir breaga do radh, Luc. Fid. 267.12 . ¤menmnach in good spirits, cheerful, courageous : iarum rancatar dia taig | soera, slana, somenmnaig, SR 3518 . nirdar subaig sámaig . . . somenmnaig lucht puible Fir diad, TBC-LL¹ 3242 . ¤mescda intoxicating : cach lind s., Alex. 869 . ¤míadach very honourable : caecca sruth go soimhiadhach | or bhen sé iascc a linne, BNnÉ 80 § 158 . ¤míanuighthe desirable: lán d'ór ┐ d'airgead ┐ dá gach maoin shoimhianuighthe oile, TSh. 2724 . ¤molta easy to praise; laudable, praiseworthy : erlam uasal adamra s., SG 17.1 . Adv. cionnus do fhéadfadh a bheatha do thabhairt as go subháilceach s., TSh. 651 . compar. níis s. gl. laudabilior, Ir. Gl. 1127 . ¤morgtha, ¤morgaigthe easily corrupted : an oileamain do-gabur ō na torthaib geinid sī fuil shomorguigthi, RSláinte 5016 . doni gach uile thoradh fuil uisgemail somorgtha, Reg. San. 25.21 . ¤mothaigthe palpable, tangible : comharrtha somhothaighthe do chedfadhaibh corparrdha, Parrth. Anma 189.14 . an eaglais . . . sofhaicse, somhothuidhthe, Luc. Fid. 356.12 . ¤mudaigthe perishable, mortal : duine 'na Dhia ┐ uilechumhachtach ┐ Mac Dé 'na dhuine ┐ somhudhaighthe, Desid. 6218 . ¤múinte teachable (?): atait inntleachtach somuinti `refined', Ir. Astr. Tr. 138.26 . ¤óentadach accommodating, agreeable : s. é co sír ┐ bá suilbir dogrés, Cóir Anm. 168 . ¤oscailte dissoluble : gach ni as s. ┐ is laigi dageibh is in talmain beirid se . . . isna srotaib (of rain), Ir. Astr. Tr. 34.15 . ¤oibrigthe excitable (?): in dechmad la fithed . . . is sooibrithe in ti geinter and, C IV 2, 10va1 . ¤ráthaigthe: in iondsma na sleagh semnech sithfoda so-ráthaighthe `wohlbemerkten (?)', TBC-LL¹ 5600 (St.). ¤shásaigthe easily satisfied, moderate, reasonable : léaghthóir comhthrom s., Keat. i 94.15 . ¤shercach very loving : condacomarthar fria feli na sar-rigna sosercaide, YBL 177b35 . ¤shiublach easily travelled : an bóthar réidh só-shiúbhlach, ITS i 4.17 . ¤thaithmigthe easily dissolved or annulled : cor sotaithmithe, O'D. 787 ( H 3.17, 565 ). ¤thecoscda docile, teachable : bid sogradhach soteccuscda, D IV 2, 54ra18 . ¤thillte easily turned : run nach soithillte go síor, Studies 1933, 139 § 6 . ¤thoglaide easily assailable : ua senta sothoglaidi muir a cathrach, TTebe 1597 . ¤thogtha: duine sográdhach s. `sensible', Corm. xli 20 . ¤thoirsech very lamentable : srotha . . . sotoirsech (of hell), Lism. L. 3660 . ¤thorchuitbide: sē sām[fh]ind sobucc sotorchutbide `easily moved to laughter', MacCongl. 87.8 . ¤thregta easily pierced or penetrated : biaidh ruithenda, lúthmhar, sothreghdtha (of bodies at the Resurrection), Parrth. Anma 117.19 . ¤thrúaillithe corruptible: ag soláthar na séad sothruaillithe saoghalta, TSh. 10613 . ¤thuicsech, ¤thuicsenach easily understood, intelligible : flichidheacht ro shéimh nach sotuicsinech, O'Gr. Cat. 249.7 . superl. is i an ghaoidheilg is sothuigsighthe . . . do cuireadh síos ann, Donlevy xxii 14 . Adv. muna mínighthear dhóibh go sothuigsionach, Donlevy viii 28 . ¤thuisledach causing to stumble, slippery : drochet . . . nī thalla nemdīrgi dó air nā ba sothuissledhach, Corm. Y 434 . ¤thuitmech inducing a fall, leading into error : ata bhar ngluais . . . soimheallta, sothuitimeach, Luc. Fid. 334.1 . ¤ullam well prepared, thoroughly ready : slúag sénta s., ALC ii 294.6 .

(d) With verbs: ¤chenélaigidir ennobles : co sochenelaigidir, Ml. 138c4 . ¤dheisigid arranges dexterously, adjusts : gur shodesigestar [lainn a chlaidim] . . . ina haltaib, MR 300.23 . ¤legaid: ní fód súd nach soileaghtar, DDána 27.1 . ¤ráidid: freq. in Laws Comm. as a gloss on saeraid: ro saeradh la Feine .i. ro soraidedh do reir in feinechais cen ni d'ic ann sin, Laws i 92.z . saerta la fine a forcomol .i. soraidter a fir accomol a ferand na fine amlaid sin, iv 16.23 , 18.11 . soerthair .i. soraiter no soradh, ut est mac cor mbel berar i seilb soertha uccu .i. soraiter in ferann ro soraidhedh do iarna togha .i. in ferann donti toghthar ann iar bfir `exempted is the land which has been exempted by him according to his option', O'Dav. 1470 . do gobainn no cerda no umaidi saertar la tuaith .i. soraiter eneclann doib isin tuaith, Laws v 114.x Comm . ¤réidigid smoothes: as laidir do soiredighedh . . . a coill de, Leb. Gab.(i) 102 n. 3 .

spirut

Cite this: eDIL s.v. spirut or dil.ie/38630

 

Forms: spiurt, spiruto, spirito, spirto, spirut, spiruta, spioraid, spiorad

n u m. (Lat. spiritus) n s. in Ml. and Tur. spiurt. g s. spiruto, spirito, spirto (Wb.), spiurto (Ml., Tur.). d s spirut. pl. spiruta, PH 6708 . Later o, m. and ā, f., IGT Decl. § 11 (54.18) , 12 (61.4) . n s. spioraid, TSh. 10159 . g s. spiorad, TSh. 32 , Parrth. Anma 2.9 . s.¤ ab eo quod est spiritus , Corm. Y 1145 .

I

(a) With follg. noíb the Holy Spirit : condid diusgea in s.¤ nóib, Wb. 4a6 . 4b1 . 8b10 . 11c1 . bertit alaili tra combad s.¤ nóib robói in profetís ueteris , 13a16 . in s.¤ nóeb ronbróena may the Holy Spirit rain on us, Hy. i 54 ( Thes. ii 306 ). án (in, v.l.) s.¤ nóeb nert nime, Hy. vi 6 (ib. Thes. ii 351 ). ni rabae in spiurt nóib less in tan sin, Tur. 98. 100 . in spiurt noib, Ml. 64d2 . 74d13 . i n-anmim . . . in spiruto nóib, Wb. 9c30 . rún . . . dánigthea in spirito nóib, 21c22 . 29d21 . i nneurt in spirto nóib, 6d11 . persan athar ┐ maicc de ┐ maicc duini ┐ spiurto noib, Tur. 86 . ho rath in spiurta (spiur, MS.) noib, Ml. 103a10 . ria ndul i ṅgnūis spirta nóib, Hy. v 90 ( Thes. ii 348 ). on s.¤ nóib, Wb. 14c36 . in S.¤ Nóem, in S.¤ is uaisliu cach s.¤ , Trip.² 6 . ar ba file forlán do rath in spiruta noib (David), Hib. Min. 5. 158 . lestar lan do rath in spirta naim, Laws i 6.21 . don s.¤ náem, LU 2309 . in s.¤ noem, in tres persu na deachta uaisle, PH 1086 . maic Creidme in Spirdai Naimb Aithar sceo Maic, Anecd. ii 47.x . creidim thú, a Sbiorad naomh, DDána 14.5 . mailli sdíuradh an Spioraid Naoimh, Desid. 211 . Domnach in Spiruta Naeim Whitsunday, AU iii 316.2 . Cf. Études Celt. i 84.3 .

(b) Also without follg. noíb (occas. also without art.): ciasu óende in s.¤ , Wb. 12a5 . foilsigthi in s.¤ andsom a rrath dobeir do, 12a7 . sechis óens.¤ fotdáli, 12a8 . rect spirto, 3d20 . con roib irgal désercce in spirto indiunn, 5d18 . doadbadar sunt atá nili dána in spirto et as noíndæ in s.¤ , 12a11 . a teg noigedsin in spirito (of the body), 4a7 . tre thindnacul inna ndánæ in spirito do chách, 21c2 . amal as o s.¤ , 15b7 . rath in Spirto sechtai (spirata, spirtu, spirta, v.ll.), Fél. May 15 . rath in spirtu sechtdelbaig, Ériu iii 14 § 10 . ro-greis s.¤ he focetoir do dhul i ndíthrub (Christ in the desert), PH 4740 . tre rath an spirtu (spirut, spiorada, v.ll.), Irish Texts iii 15.21 . go n-agha sibh | . . . | . . . ón Spiorad ar neamh aniodh | ionad bhur sen, L. Cl. A. B. 151.43 .

(c) incorporeal being, spirit, angel; ghost, apparition : uasal airchindech inna s.¤ n-uasal (i.e. Principatus), PH 6244 . is e in grad-sin timairges ergala . . . na s.¤ n-angid .i. na ṅdémna, 6248 . it e sin na spiruta tres-in iumfhoilngither firta ┐ adamraigthe is-na noemu (i.e. Uirtutes), 6250 . na techtat na spiruta feoil na cnamu amal techtaim-sea, 6708 . ? fíacla máela ag mac an spirait | mar cáenna shlat bfidhaid bfinn, IGT Decl. ex. 408 . co ndolbdais tria draoidheacht spioratta deamhnacdha, Leb. Gab.(i) 144.28 . do connuicc iarum spirud . . . ┐ ro smuain ína menmain gurb i spirét (leg. -ud) a companaig doconnuic, Études Celt. i 89.26 . sbiorada fíre dofaicsena, Parrth. Anma 64.10 . do grennughadh in droch-spiruit, Fl. Earls 138.28 . du-s-riacht s.¤ ainglide gussan mnaoi . . . a ffidhair amra ┐ aislinge, 192.23 . cosnuid sinn ar na spioraduibh neamhghlana, Donlevy 442.z . spiorada freasduil `ministering spirits', Heb. i 14 .

II

(a) spirit, soul (in relig. sense, often opp. to corp): la corp et anim et la s.¤ , Wb. 4a27 . a lled fri s.¤ gl. spiritaliter, 8b16 . is ón s.¤ rouiccius brith, 9b6 . s.¤ i n-anmain cen olc, ACL iii 223.13 . an teaghdhais i dtá an sbiorad, Studies 1931, 81.10 . esláinte cuirp no anma no spioraitte, BNnÉ 58 § 70 . gan íomháigh Dé do bheith dh'ainm ar spioraid an pheacthaigh, TSh. 1419 . do spor-ghoin a spiorad, 2284 . beodhacht sbioraide, Luc. Fid. 144.4 ( Parrth. Anma 225.9 ). eólas . . . ar ríoghdhacht na spioraide, Desid. 5975 . triall ar an sbiorad phriobhaidigh, Luc. Fid. 289.10 . e fein do bheith lantorrech do sbioraid phriobhaidigh, nach fes cia hi, 291.12 . With follg. gs. anma: mu spirat anma, Laud 610, 24c11 . in cholaind . . . imresnaiges do s.¤ a hanmma dligthige, PH 4610 . lingis a spiorat anma ass, BNnÉ 53 § 51 . ro scar a spirat anma fria chorp, Fl. Earls 232.z .

(b) With follg. qualifying gen. spirit, influence, inspiration : atá s.¤ dée indiumm, Wb. 10b25 . nípa hí s.¤ dée cíatbera, 12a4 . sbiorad Dé, Dán Dé x 24 . cotomécnigedar s.¤ mo dligid, LL 294b17 (real meaning as opp. to verbal expression). o sbioraid na druisi, Parrth. Anma 301.5 . do sbioraid na heagluisi, Parrth. Anma 323.10 = Luc. Fid. 169.8 . arna rádh do M. . . . tre spirat fhesa ┐ faistine inspiration, BNnÉ 251 § 206 . mar do thug Dia cuid do spioraid Mhaoise do na seanoibh, Desid. 3761 . a spiorad na mealltóireachta, 1042 . on spiorad mholta do-bheir se is in inntinn, ITS xxix 118.1 . dobeir demon . . . spirat utmaille for cāch a spirit of restlessness, ZCP iii 33.9 . spiorad na humhlachta, Desid. 6945 . Note also: is míchumne spiride `an evil recollection of the spirit' (i.e. mind), Mon. Tall. 164.11 . don tí bhíos bocht ó spioraid, TSh. 1129 .

III Vital spirits, life : smuain ar an uaigh . . . | 's do sbiorad uaibh ar n-imtheacht, DDána 56.6 . nīr chaith féin . . . ní ina raibhe spiorat no anam (of a vegetarian saint), BNnÉ 74 § 133 . a spirata ┐ a ngothanna, Laud 610, 24b14 . spiorad na beatha, TSh. 1659 . don spirait beothaig in chride gl. et cordis et uitalia, Gild. Lor. 211 . In med. texts: adermuid curub fuar tirim na senoire ┐ gurub bec dfuil ┐ do tes ┐ do spiriduib ata indtu, Irish Texts i 48.21 . earnail dib tinnsgnas is na spiradaib, RC xlix 5.9 . s.¤ maith aigi `the breathing good', Rosa Angl. 196.19 .