Search Results

Your search returned 6 result(s).

1 bil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bil or dil.ie/5877

 

Forms: -e, bili, bile

n f. g s. -e. a d s. also bili. See ZCP vi 438. rim, border, edge: bile gl. urla (cf. orla, orlum, orlus, Du Cange, urlo `to border,' Med. Latin Word-list, J. H. Baxter and C. Johnson), Ir. Gl. 191. Usually of shields: imma chromscíath . . . cona b.¤ áithgéir ailtnidi, TBC-I¹ 1917. crandscíath . . . iarnae fair co mb. chotut (sic) chondúala with a hard . . . edge, BDD² 810. dondscíath . . . co mb.¤ finddruini, LU 6560 (= TBC-I¹ 2045 ). bil chondúail crédumai, 8638 ( FB 47 ). b.¤ fri b.¤ (of warriors marching), 8705 ( FB 53 ). a chind do bualad dar b.¤ in scéith ar n-uachtur, LL 10738 ( TBC-LL¹ 3779 ). do scíath go mb.¤ óir (`golden rim', Manners and Customs iii 457.32 ), 10921 . tug urchar . . . cor ben a mbili n-uachtarach a sceith `upper rim', TTebe 4889 . cæcoit sgīath gu mbilib (n-imlib, v.ll.) ōir impu, ZCP iv 33.3 . co raibhi ar bile sceth Fir Diad, TBC St. 3241. sciath . . . cona bili orloiscthi fora drumthimcheall `its burnished rim', Aen. 1959. conda-sesguing a sgiath oda bhili go broin (= ō a bhili ?), RC xiv 256 § 2. co rascailt a sciath o bili co bord, TTebe 4276 . cor' bris in sciath o bili co brón, Acall. 6943 n . o biledhaib na mbrecsciath, Ériu viii 44.33 . Other applications: for a b.¤ `upon its (sc. a chess-board's) rim', Fianaig. 14.13 . brugh bile goirmdhéise is geal, DDána 119.36 . dá madh liom Alba uile / óthá a broine go a bile, Measgra D. 46.2 . ? (of `necklets' made of tripe) cona secht mbille do blonaig bruithi, MacCongl. 89.13 . ? lecca huara iar n-aire / baile for barrḟinn bile, AU i 392.13 .

Compd. (of a diadem) bil-cimsu oir deirg fris `borders', CCath. 4704.

condúala

Cite this: eDIL s.v. condúala or dil.ie/12087
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: condúail, condúala

adj (con + *dúala, Stokes, KZ xli 383 ; cf. 2 dúal? condúail g. condúala, Stories fr. Táin; `engraving', Fraech). Us. transl. scalloped, serrated; ornamented; freq. of edge of shield: scéith co faebur conduala, LU 7819 ( BDD² 1367 ). scíath . . . go fáebor ch.¤ fair `scalloped', TBC-LL² 4322 . cromscéith co fáebraib condúala impu, TBC-I² 19 . scéith co fethul ch.¤ , Fraech 37 . sce[i]th co fethluib conndualae ocus connimlib findruini roailtnigib, IT iii 239.139 . ni conai fethal connduala, Laws v 384.25 .i. fet[h]al comdala . . . eccusc comduala, O'Dav. 992 . sleg conduala miled, LL 33438 . c.¤ .i. cáoinndualaigheacht no rionnaidheacht chaoin, O'Cl. Note also: bil chondúail in scéith, TBC-LL² 3807 . bil chondúail (condúalaib, v.l.) crédumai, LU 8638 ( FB § 47 ). crandscíath ... co mbil chothut condúala, LU 7195 (BDD). cend fo chonduala .i. na fathe, O'Mulc. 217 .

cotut

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cotut or dil.ie/12700
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: ca-, -at, catat

adj pl. caidi ( cotata, Hib. Min. 66 § 6 ). go suaighneadaibh lancadaith, ZCP x 303.2 . go suanemnaib lín lanch., LL 10550 `of hard flax', TBC-LL² 3111 . Also ca-, -at, catat (infl. by calad, O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 160 ). hard, severe, harsh: cotud .i. cech secda ab eo quod est cotis , Corm. Y 326 . c.¤ .i. a cote [.i.] lie forcid, O'Mulc. 247 . crandscíath . . . co mbil ch.¤ chondúala , BDD² 811 . da clobuinne caiti . . . do iarann, CCath. 5273 . arm cruaid catut (: acut), TBC-LL² 2781 . do thabairt chatha crúaid codait, TTr.² 1775 . dobert crothad cotud furri, LL 12864 . is crūaid codut in cosc `severe', MacCongl. 75.1 . sceith chaidi cathbuadacha, TTebe 1279 . is catad in scel bec he `it is a hard little story', Ériu ii 224.11 . sciath catat comdaingen, Acall. 6955 . cro cad(h)at, MR 262.11 . crandscíath . . . co mbil chothut condúala, LU 7195 = ch.¤ , BDD² 811 . Of persons stern, harsh : nirbat c.¤ arnabat dothcherna, LL 345b4 . É. is C. chatut (: —fuc) `hardy C.', Metr. Dinds. iii 350.30 .

Compar. as cruaidhe no cloch, as caide no cnáimh, F V 3, 189 cited St. Ercuil Gloss. s.v. caid . ? trian iar na cet codad; leth mad co taide, Laws ii 374.3 Comm. ? leth mad coitethe (of cloth), 372.17 . Adv. co cadut cruaid, LB 156b57 .

As subst.: eter dá cotot feda dense woods(?), LU 10244 = cotadh, ZCP iii 240.9 . cottud .i. sliabh, O'Cl. Gramm. of a word in unaltered form: fer a chotud (of the noun fer), Goid. 73.27 . bein a coutud (of the word ben), Auraic. 5025 . fer a codud, feear a mallrugud, 4986 . a cotot (.i. timorcain fri aicnead no i cind), 5292 . Later delenition and devoicing Phil. Soc. Trans. lxiv (1965/66) 151 , IGT Introd. p. iv . an cadad . . . .i. ceilt an tshéimhighthi bhíos ar tús an fhocuil déigheanaigh don chomhfhocal (itte, diúltta, etc.), § 49 . ag so cadad le ceiltear séimhiughadh an fhocuil bhíos na dhíaigh (bean throm, bean trom, etc.), § 50 . ní fhuil cadad eatarra le mbéradh crúadhughadh uirthe (lusfort, etc.), § 30 .

Compds. With nouns: na teora catadcaladhcathbhuailedh, TBC St. 4605 . tri ruadh roth fo chotat cosmhailes, TBC-LL¹ p. 809 n. 3 . cenn Fhailbhe chodat-chinn, Duan. F. i 84.12 . In n. pr. in Cruadín Catutchend (a sword), LL 12720 . CRR² 42 . re cotut-congmail in sceit[h] `hard upholding', CCath. 4731 . ? c.¤ curaid cellfetar, LU 10360 (rhet.). a chathcriss . . . do chotutlethar crúaid, 6416 (TBC). re codudrigni in glais-iarainn ` hard-stiffness ', CCath. 2679 . ? anmin cotat tír raithen mag, Laws iv 276.18 Comm. With adjj.: do glaisiarann cruaidh cotat-rigin, CCath. 4678 . léine . . . cotat slemun do ṡita, IT i 119.17 (TE Eg.). léne . . . isí chotutlemon, BDD² 9 .

fáebar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fáebar or dil.ie/20997

 

Forms: fáebra, fáobhar

n o, m. (but n p. fáebra, LU 9617 ). fáobhar, IGT, Decl. § 17 .

I

(a) a sharp edge (of a sword or blade, also of a shield; seldom of pointed weapons): faobhar sgeo rinn, Ériu xiii 21.10 . mesir arm iarna ḟaobhruibh, 41.30 . hi fáebur in bélae the axe-edge LU 9027 (gloss) ( FB 77 ). ise in biail innraic ... tri meoir lethed a foebuir ..., O'Curry 884 (< H 3.18, 395b ). cromsciath co foebar condualach fair, TBC-I¹ 1158 = faebur chonduala , LU 5637 . cosmuiles in cloidim ar a mbitt in da faebur like a two-edged sword Laws v 222.25 Comm. dobert D. beim do faebur a gae tar mocoll ind lín, LU 1929 . la fáebru na ngaí, 8202 ( FB 15 ). meilid faebra, TBC-I¹ 3446 = melat fáebair, TBC-LL¹ 5831 . d'faebraip na tuagh ┐ na claidem, CCath. 5876 . faobar na sgene no na tuaighe, O'Dav. 1009 . mar ḟáobhar sgían mbearrtha IGT, Decl, 2043 . cuirfe sé fáobhair [sic] air a chloidheamh whet his sword Psalms vii 12 . gér amhuil cloidheamh dhá fáobhar, Proverbs v 4 . Of a bone: gérithir altan ... faebur a lurgan MR 20.3 .

(b) a sharp-bladed weapon: faibur .i. claideb (gl. machera) Ml. 75b11 . bla faebur `the exemption as to an edged weapon' Laws iii 236.23 . amal tregdas anmain duine foebur tria corp, ZCP iii 26.27 . dosoi foebar fri Fergail, RC xxiv 54.12 . grith faebair, Rawl. 124az = Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 17.4 . i mbiat fáebra fri fáebra, LU 9617 ( ZCP iii 208 ). níngabat renna no airm no faebair itir, TBC-LL¹ 1263 . ni ba heccal dó faobhra nád gallra, BNnÉ 293.1 . (faobhair v.l.). rop scíath fri fóebra fégi, Hy v 97 . cen armu, cen fáebru, MU² 644 ( LL 266b44 ). cen inad rend ┐ arm ┐ fáebur do dénam de, MU² 331 ( LL 264b5 ). faibraib derggaib with red sword-blades Rawl. 115a45 = Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 40.12 . iarna fóebraib fennad `after flaying them with sword-edges' Fél. Prol. 48 .

(c) a sharp-edged tool: saer istig ┐ faebhur, BB 25b33 = Leb. Gab.(i) i 46 . faebar la soer, Leb. Gab.(i) i 30 .

II Fig. keenness, sharpness; hence apex: faobhar ann ara fhertoiph `there is the acme of his mighty works' BNnÉ 284.32 . gan freagra faobhair without keen retort. Ó Bruad. iii 4 . an chruinne ar a fáobhar fúm, IGT, Decl. ex. 15 . Metaph: ? cis duar dían drongaighther i bfaobhraibh foimhdin, Ériu xiii 26.2 = i foebuir foimdib, O'Dav. 883 . in Laws, Comm.: orba for set n-imfaebair .i. ferann do-berar for conair .i. ime ada faebur, foebra la fine a cuingid cucu, foebrach léisi a aisec uaithi, Laws iv 46.25 . cuich in imaebur adeir ann? .i. ... faebur laisin fine im aisic don ingin ... ┐ faebur laisin ingin a aisic aris don fine (an explanation of im(f)aebair `double-edged, equivocal,' see Thurneysen, Ir. Recht 81 , 82 ), Laws iv 48.9 . fri (re) f.¤ coincidently with, at the time of: ni dernad do ulcc hi Connachtaib re faebar gabala rigi dosom achtmad oenslat ar sligid na Cruaiche, Ann. Conn. 1224 § 3 (= ALC i 268 ; corresp. to: re hucht gabhala, AFM iii 214.6 ).

III As npr. m.: Nemnuaill maic Faebair (a progenitor of Míl) Fianaig. 30.3 . o Chonand mac Febair, LL 6a45 . o Conaing mac Ḟaebhair, BB 27a9 . Conaing mac Faobhair, Keat. i 178 .

Compds. With adj. ¤derg: Cethern mac fial foebuirderg Fintain, TBC-I¹ 2760 = faebarderg red-bladed Ériu i 116.15 . Echaid faeburderg, LL 127b34 . Eochaidh Faeburderg, MacCarthy 296.2 . ¤gér sharp-edged: coibleng ... fuilech foebargher, Aen. 2371 . ¤glan clean- or bright-edged; epithet of javelins: i suaineamnaiph a fogad faebharglan, CCath. 5552 . ¤glas: gai fota faebarglas blue-bladed TBC-I¹ 2047 . As sobriquet, Eochaid Faeburglas, Rawl. 147a16 . LL 127b32 . ¤glicc skilful in wielding weapons: flaith na fian faebairglic, Acall. 664 . ¤nocht: bare-bladed (with unsheathed sword): a ḟlaith na fian faebharnochd, Acall. 1441 . ¤the: hot-edged, keen-edged: colg faobhairthe, TD 19.8 . sluagh f. ` keen-bladed host ' 3.21 . With subst.: ¤béim stroke with the edge of a weapon (?) TBC-LL¹ 1890 . ¤chless ` edge-feat ' name of a warlike feat: fáeborchles, LU 9291 . Ériu iv 30.9 . the edge of a weapon (?). TBC-LL¹ 1890 . ¤chless `edge-feat,' name of a warlike feat fáeborchles, LU 9291 . Ériu iv 30.9 . faeborcless, LU 5969 = TBC-I¹ 1501 . imma chromscíath ... cona bil áithgéir co tescfad finna i n-aigid srotha ... inbaid fogníth ... fáeborchless di is cumma imthescad dá scíath ┐ dá sleg ┐ dá chlaideb, LU 6433 = TBC-I¹ 1919 . dogni ... faeborchles don claidiub imma chend, BDD 148 . uii. bfaobhairchleasa, ZCP x 287.2 . ic faebarchless chlaideb uastu LL 266a10 ( MU² 541 ). Fig. in faebarchles feichemnais sin `this feat of accusation' MR 298.8 . Hence adj.: fálairbi ferrda ... faebar-clesach Frangc ` sword-dexterous ' MR 214.17 . ¤gal keen valour: rī ... co faebargail, Rawl. 85a5 . ¤gleó combat with sword or weapons TBC-LL¹ 3213 . ¤glond exploit or deed of arms: fri fúam febda faebarglonn, SR 6790 . ¤nél an edged, i.e. lightning-shedding cloud: re feirg bfaoboirnél bfuiglech `of the armed ( jagged ?) vociferous clouds' O'Gr. Cat. 451.11 .

fathi, fáthi

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fathi, fáthi or dil.ie/21368
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: faithe

n Here perhaps faithe, IGT. Decl. § 2 . a compd. of 2 tí `circuit,' (but see ZCP xxxi 51 ), meaning primarily an involution, encompassing (?), a wrapping, enveloping (of a garment) (?): brat ... i faithi imbi folded, wrapped (?) TBC-I¹ 3200 . cassán ... i fadi uasu, TBC-LL¹ 5310 = bhi forcibul, TBC-I¹ 3247 (cassán in such contexts regularly means `pin,' `brooch,' TBC may be corrupt here). faithe .i. aoinfilleadh ēdaigh, O'Cl. Cf. cael fathe imenaisc fidhu, O'Dav. 1299 (`a slender fibre' Stokes). By extension a cloak (?): roling C. for a gaisced & rogab fathi immi. in cetna fathi rogab immi romaid fair co torchair a delg asa láim conid and atbert C.: ni bidba bratt beres robud, LL 119a35 - 37 . focheird fathi [fáthi LU] n-imbi, TBC-I¹ 1276 = focheird fáthi ferge dia brutt taris co tarla dar in corthi clochi he whirled his cloak angrily (?) TBC-LL¹ 1983 . cf. ro la fade di leind deirg | a mbi la fe fian for leirg [leg. imbi la fé fiad ?] ZCP xiii 256.19 . foruapratar ... in cathraig co rolasat faithe fiangaiscid impe a valorous circuit (?) Anecd. ii 54.13 . Cf. cend fo chonduala .i. na fathe, O'Mulc. 217 .

Cf. 1 fath.

fethal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fethal or dil.ie/21831

 

Forms: f., fethail

n o, m. acc. to Vendryes, RC xxix 204 `that which indicates' (√ uet- ` declare '), hence

(a) a characteristic badge or emblem (of office or class), insignia (used both of dress and ornaments): e fethol .i. a n-étach sacaird (gl. ephoth) Tur. 87 . f.¤ līnda imbi (of a herald) TBC-I¹ 1112 . f.¤ maith an airdrigh tar cend a tuaithi (gl. on: sēt cacha mārflatha, as a pledge), Laws v 244.22 Comm. f.¤ connduala (distinctive appurtenance of a chief's wife) 384.24 ; expld. by: fethal comdala ... nó ... eccusc comduala .i. in merge no in brat sída no in rinde, O'Dav. 992 , but see next ex.

(b) a device or ornament on a shield: sceith co fethul chonduala , LL 248b3 ( TBFr. 39 ). sce[i]th co fethluib conndualae ┐ con n-imlib findruini, IT iii 239.139 .

(c) a halidom , an object regarded as sacred, and sometimes used for swearing on; in Christian lit. esp. of the appurtenances of Divine service . f.¤ .i. cumdach comartha nó minn, ut est imdénatsom la fethla `f.¤ i.e. a shrine or mark, or relic, ut est, they prove with relics' O'Dav. 899 . fetal cach cumtach, Phil. Soc. Trans. 1859, 209 . cūic prīmfethail cecha ec(ol)sa ... bachall ┐ menistir ┐ cros ┐ cloc ┐ catur (.i. soiscela), Trip. xxi . soire ecalsi Dé ... cona fethlaib, Cáin Ad. 34 . sechip f.¤ foa tosar a ndubethech any emblem on which a down-right perjury is sworn Ériu vii 156 § 15 . f.¤ na feart (of a bell), Fen. 236.18 . le cois na ffethal ffertach with the wonder-working insignia (of St. Maedóc's halidoms) BNnÉ 246.10 . is deside rocumtaigit scrína ┐ [ḟ]ethla náem hErenn, LL 274a7 . scrín Mancháin do cumhdach ... feibh as deach ro cumhdaighedh feathal a nErinn, AFM ii 1156.13 . crand do chor a fethlaib `casting lots out of reliquaries' IT iii 192.5 (= chalices ? Cf. dobertar na crunna i cailech for altōir, Cáin Ad. 46 ). Of pagan halidoms used in attestation : etag ┐ iath anmann fethal la gentiu, ut dicitur: dar an iath-sae ..., O'Mulc. 469 . Fig. of a person: ba he ... an f.¤ coisrecctha an righ nemdha dognídh sídh ... eter Dia ┐ duine (of St. Barre) BNnÉ 20.22 (cf. Lism. L. 2463 where same expression is used of Senán and the word f. is glossed `mincúis'). f.¤ co faebraighi (of Christ) ZCP viii 203.26 . cartait glonn fri f.¤ find, AFM ii 590.10 (poem), where f.¤ seems to refer to the bishop Mael Maedoc.

(d) a valuable drinking-horn or cup (B. na f. ? Cf. IT iii 192.5 above) : f.¤ .i. corn cumdaigh argoid, Corm. Y 653 . O'Cl. (feathal). is he f.¤ luigid (= luigi ?) sil Eogain .i. bernan Emin, Irish Texts iii 2.11 (probably a bell, see bernán). na tri feathla is deach do boi a nEalga, ZCP viii 103.1 (B. na f.) = na tri cuirn, Ériu ii 186.19 . Cf. f.¤ .i. comdus (= comadas ?) ind dail, O'Mulc. 596 = Phil. Soc. Trans. 1859, 209 .

(e) distinctive shape or appearance, aspect, likeness: feuthal .i. eugasg, Corm. Y 669 . feathal .i. éccosc no cuma, O'Cl. gó go ffeathol ffior ┐ fior go bḟethal ngua, Ériu xiii 14.20 . f.¤ ferda, TBC-LL¹ 5741 . fethol chuid Ailline, RC xiii 222.43 (B. na f.) = delb cinn A., MS. Mat. 473 . biaid i fethol cech míl he will assume the form of every animal Imr. Brain § 53 . cidh deghnie drochfethol? ol sé `what makes thee look so ill ?' RC xii 64.15 (leg. -féth; -ol being due to dittography ? Cf. 5 féth). finnḟethal frestal `attendance of bright appearance' (of angels) ACC 22 ( RC xx 166 ). Cf. also: Foibne, feochair in f.¤ 'fierce of feature' Metr. Dinds. iv 86y . goiridh Sesar Cruithnigh .i. picti, do Brethnuibh do cuiredh aighidh fedil do bhód ┐ do bhadar orra (= Caesar calls the Britons picti because they tattooed their faces with woad and madder) 24 N 2, 162 = Todd, Todd Nenn. vi 4 (Dubháltach Mac Fir Bhisigh). If `fedil' = fethail (or fethal, g p.) it applies to the figures of animals, etc., mentioned in the previous sentence.