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adaltrach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adaltrach or dil.ie/278
Last Revised: 2019

(adaltair)

I As adj. o, ā adulterous: mná adaltracha, LU 2219 ( FA § 29 ). in t-í ro-p a.¤ co ru-b genmnaid, PH 5619 . dia mbat sáithech . . . bidat úallach, a.¤ , ZCP vii 298.17 .

II n As subst. m. and f. adulterer; adulteress: fornicarius . i. adhalltrach, Ir. Gl. 619 . do adhaltrachaib in betha, O'Dav. 121 . ar chor oile . . . chéastar an t-adhaltrach, TSh. 6482 . Fig. Mael-Sechlainn . . . a.¤ uallach Uisnigh proud adulterer (i.e. usurper) of U., MacCarthy 426 § 5 . In Laws freq. contrasted with cétmuinter. fuil fearus cetmuindtir oc etach techta for adhaltraigh do taet for a ceand, Laws v 142.7 . is fiachach cach a.¤ do-t[h]et for cend cetmuintire, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 49 § 23 . as-renar laneraic . . . i cetmuinter . . . leithe(i)raic mad adaltracha (i n-adultrucha, v.l.), 71 § 35 . meic na adaltraige urnadma . . . mac na adaltraige foxail, Cóic Con. 44 § 71 . a.¤ urnadma co macu, Ir. Recht 54.31 . in inbaid bis clann cetmuinntire ┐ fine, no clann cetmuinntire ┐ clann adaltraige, no clann cetmuinntire ┐ fear adaltraige gin clainn it da trian do clainn cetmuintire ┐ trian do cach æ dib so, 53 § ix . in a.¤ co macaib a roga di inn e a fer no a fine no a mac do-gena tobach di . . . in cetmuinter nochon-uil a roga di acht a fer do tobach, 59 § xiii . adaltracha iarna urnaidm, Laws v 480.17 . cor mna sech a celi .i. in a.¤ cen clainn, Laws i 52.32 Comm. tiucfaid in cetmuinnter fo coruib ┐ cidh adhaltrach hi, ticfaid a fear, v 226.11 Comm. arna tucthar cland a.¤ na ban taide don eclais, Laws iii 38.20 Comm.

adbar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adbar or dil.ie/340

Forms: isa n-a., adbara, adhbhar

n o, n. a s. isa n-a.¤ , Ml. 138c3 . n p. adbara, LL 218b31 ( TTr. 123 ). adhbhar m. IGT Decl. § 11 . See Celtica i 337 .

I

(a) matter, material: isa na.¤ nephdelbaigthe gl. informemque materiam, Ml. 138c3 . ri rothepi . . . / asin cheta.¤ admas / talam . . ., SR 30 . ba terc cach n-a.¤he had little of any substance, LU 11008 . aprisce in adbhuir dian-ar-forcoimnacair `the fragility of the matter whereof we have been made', Ériu ii 122 § 62 . co cruthaigfea in comdiu . . . curpa dind adbur toltanaigfes do cip é méit . . . in t-a.¤ , LU 2595 . a.¤ tened, BColm. 54.20 . d'iarraidh adhbhair cruite, Keat. ii 2692 . a.¤ in ard-naim the ingredients of the saint i.e. his discent or genealogy SG 18.3 . Med. iomad adhbhair (adhbhar v.l.), festering matter, Trompa na bhF. 7436 .

(b) materials etc., serving a special purpose, gear, equipment: roderscaigestar a tech so eter adbur ┐ elathain, LU 8046 ( FB 1 ). mad fige a loscad etir garmain ┐ cech n-a.¤ olchena `the loom-beam and all other materials', Ériu ii 206 § 27 . a h-adbara ┐ a aídimmi (of a ship), LL 218b31 ( TTr. 123 ). nirthá do lín na h adbor cathugud trisna barbárdu sa `he has neither number nor gear to fight', 220a25 (ib. 220). is athais mor daib muna derntai calma amlaid sin ┐ febus in adbair fuil agaib, Aen. 2465 .

(c) Of persons with follg. gen. in sense of makings (of), one fit to be (hardly to be distinguished from damna in similar use, in spite of O'Don. Gram. p. 445 ): a.¤ ríg, Sc.M² § 14 . int a.¤ rig is ferr do bi da coiced fein, Ann. Conn. 1272.4 . airchideóchain Tuama . . . ┐ a.¤ aird-espuic, Hy Fiach. 114.12 (`? archdeacon with right of succession', Plummer MS notes). a.¤ suad, AU ii 508.4 . a.¤ gaiscedaig the makings of a warrior, LL 8581 . is breath adhbhair Ioldánaigh / do bhí ar Eoin E. was estimated as a young `Ildánach ', Arch. Hib. i 90 § vi . Hence of a grade of poet: itir éceas ┐ adhbar i.e. both poets and students (of poetry), Oss. v 40.5 . adhbhar oideadh young poets (makings of teachers), DDána 46.3 . do chuir geall . . . / fa dhán re hadhbhar eile challenged another student about a poem, 90.16 . Note also: ni raibi do shluagh adbhur cathaigthe friu there was not any army fit to fight with them, TTr.² 1438 .

Hence of successors (actual or potential) to particular offices (kingship, abbacy, etc.) usually with eulogistic implications: D. rí Midhi ┐ a.¤ ríg Erenn, RC xviii 277.13 (Tig.). a.¤ tigerna Breagh, AFM ii 880.14 . ádbar comarba Phattraicc, 762.7 . C. a.¤ ollaman na Brefne, Ann. Conn. 1411 § 22 . gurvo hadhbhar nuachair d'Eirinn antí Conall, ZCP xiv 223.12 . an t-adhbur imperi bis inadíaidh ` heir-apparent ', Maund. 192 . adhbhur a chlemhna his intended son-in-law, Ériu v 188.451 .

(d) subject-matter (of discussion, literary work, etc.): do chum do sgeóil do bhuain ré hádhbhar i.e. so that your fable should have a bearing on the matter under discussion, Desid. 3563 . in tan adchid in filid . . . in tadbur a subject for his poem, Laws i 44.3 Comm. adhbhar ceoil ar gcomhlabhra `the sweet subject of our language', Content. xxv 1 . neithe nach beanann ré hadhbhar which are not to the point, TSh. 9063 . a bhaoghlaigh / do chor-sa is adhbhar aonaigh thy business is idle market talk, DDána 4.9 . dob é m'oide ar adhbhoraibh, TD 23.9 .

II

(a) cause, ground, reason: ciadcobrinn moidim do dénum ni bói a.¤ híc, Wb. 17d17 . a.¤ fáilte, 20a9 . adbur na cnete, IT i 123.7 . a.¤ móide cause of anger, Dán Dé xxv. 15 . ionnbhúr n-adhbhar uathbháis ┐ miosguis ag Dia, Trompa na bhF. 457 . adhbhar cumhadh, TD 14.4 . a adhbhar d'iomchar na croiche / i gcoinne an bháis do bhí ag drud the reason for carrying his cross, DDána 30.12 . adhbair asa ndleghait soin, ZCP viii 116 § 16 . is é is a.¤ dóibh chuige sin, Corp. Astron. 2.9 . is é adhbhur ma tánac chucaib-si, do innisin scéal an domain díb, RC xxiv 371.3 . mór n-adhbhar fárbh aontuighthe, TD 20.53 . cuma leis ternó nó gan terno a cath acht co cuired a clú adhbar dá adhbaraibh provide he should be famous for some reason(?), Expugn. Hib. § 15 . corop i n-adbur na haighi sin rogaba bás that he may die because of that fawn, Todd Nenn. 182.12 . tuig . . . fa adhbar áiridhe . . . gurab edh as áil linn `that for a certain reason we desire', CS 2.1 . ar an adhbhar go ttoirmeasccann an fercc . . . carthanacht etorra féin, Ériu xv 28 § 2 . ar an adhbhar in aimsir S. Clára . . . ní raibhe áonchlabhsdra aca, 96 § 3 . ar adhbharaibh aile `for other reasons', AFM ii 918 note c. méid m'orchra ar an adhbhar-sa for this reason, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 380.6 .

(b) Of the cause of a quarrel, battle, etc.: cath . . . fa a.¤ coir, RC xxiii 404.15 . sila ┐ adbair in catha, CCath. 3852 . is d'adbaraibh catha Chula Dremne sin, RC xvii 143.4 . is a.¤ ṅdegdebtha, LL 12109 . Hence absolutely in sense of casus belli: adbur no bidbanus, O'D. 1376 (E 3.5, 26a). can adbur can bidbanus, Laws v 142.18 Comm. olc in ta.¤ dia mbói sin LL 20624 . fobith . . . a nadbair ┐ a nesaenta re aroile, AFM iv 1010.22 . tosach an adhbhair eiséin `he is the cause of the dispute' TD 3.26 .

(c) Of the ground, pretext for a claim, charge : bít oc dénum adbair do argain na n-óglach, PH 7528 . dall-adbur no ferai form `you bring an unfounded charge against me, RC xiv 243.44 . caide in t-abur assa fuighmis hé?, Acall. 5215 . fágbhaim an t-adhbhar faoi féin / ní beag nod dfhior mar eiséin affair(?), Ir. Review 1913, 625 § 20 . ní ḟuil ní d'adhbhar aige, TD 8.32 . nár lim gan a.¤ éigin without some pretext (of someone returning uninvited), O'Gr. Cat. 352.19 . sé 'na ṡeanadhbhar ó ṡin an ancient cause ever since, TD 7.33 . anaic sinn ar ár n-damnadh / glanaidh sinn ó ar sean-adhbhar, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 382.4 .

In phrase lucht adbair people who bring charges, complaints(?); people with a grievance(?): mhaithmhechas na naindligheadh do thabhairt do lucht adhbhair, Ó Héodhusa 230 z . lucht adhbhair tar éis a ndiomdha, TD 29.19 . bíse it armaibh re hucht gcean / a lucht adhbhair go n-airgthear, 19.15 .

1 aicned

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aicned or dil.ie/808

Forms: aigneadh, aignidh, aigeanta, a., a., aicnid, aicniud, aigenta

n o, n. Later m. aigneadh m. (g s. and n p. aignidh, aigeanta), IGT Decl. § 49 . (referred by Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 544 to a compd. *ad-gní. See Vendr. Lex.). n s. a.¤ , Ml. 146a2 . a s. a.¤ , 67c12 , ZCP vii 299.15 . g s. aicnid, Wb. 32b6 . d s. aicniud, Ml. 17b26 .

(a) inherent quality, essence, nature: combad a.¤ nindib a nolc gl. naturalis `that the evil is natural in them', Ml. 76a11 . a.¤ ind reto, 20a19 . is trom . . . ho aicniud, 20a20 . foillsigthir as nísel in doinacht iar naicniud, 25c5 . atgleinn assa aicniud fessin air is inunn folud techtas frisin bocht, 61a8 . fri a.¤ inna deachtae, 67c12 . ni ó aicniud na cétne tuisten act is o aicniud pectho doforchosalsam ó adam gl. eramus natura filii irae, Wb. 21b4 . fírmac aicnid ní a uccu gl. filius meus es tú, 32b6 . cesu locdatu as a.¤ and, Sg. 217b12 . ba tressio tol aicniud will was stronger than nature, LU 10730 . sechtar aicniud duine preternaturally, RC ii 402 § 43 . i nd-oendacht aicnid ┐ i trédacht persainde, PH 7086 . ro túaslaicthe for a.¤ na ndul dia ndernta they have been dissolved into the nature of the elements from which they were made (of the dead), LU 2518 . muna raibhe i nacchaid aiccnidh contrary to nature, ZCP x 16.23 . tīagat sium asa n-aignedaib cōirib they leave their proper natures(?), viii 104.7 . aigneadh an ois éigcríona the instinct of the young stag, Content. xxv 7 . aigned suighte fil indti sen they have magnetic properties (of stones), BB 7a13 . a oifficech dia dīrgadh i n-a aignedh cōir `a driver directing it in its proper function' (of a mill), Fl. Earls 72.16 . Opposed to poetical invention: is fuirmed filed romīdair ina hanmand sa dona airc[h]etluib do ṡluind na n-ilaltae . . ., nī ha.¤ romīdir leo, Corm. Y 41 . Attrib. g s.: is firindi aignidh dia lentais `they followed Natural Truth', IT iii 202 § 80 . ferinnsci aicnid, is e in fer, ferinnsci saerda, is e an neam i.e. natural as oppd. to conventional masculine, Auraic. 595 = f. aigenta, 3126 (cf. aicnetae).

Nature as a basis of law: cid i n-agar breithemnus berla Feini? . . . i fir ┐ dliged ┐ aignead, Laws v 2.2 . fir n-aignaid, 430.23 . i mbreathaib aicnigh ┐ cuibse in judgements oḟ nature and conscience, 452.20 . a fir breith iar cubus ┐ aigne, ii 18.20 Comm. a hurd Feine ┐ aicnidh, v 466.21 . in tan na fuidbiter a cosmailius hi is a breth a lom-aignid `when no parallel case is found it is to be taken from bare nature', 8.z Comm.

In phr. fo a.¤ according to the nature of: fo aigned a graid, BCrólige § 21 . is fiach fo a.¤ ar inti dorinne, § 61. fo a.¤ na ré, O'D. 1651 (H. 5.15, p. 21a). fo a.¤ na fogla `according to the nature of the trespass', Laws iv 76.1 Comm. fo a.¤ cetmuindtire urnadma no adaltraige, 44.y Comm. fo aignedh craind, 170.15 Comm.

(b) mind, spirit, feeling: do ṡaine ergna ┐ aigenta ┐ inntlechta, CCath. 1617 . dearóile th'intinne ┐ th' aigeanta `how miserable thy mind and spirit', Keat. iii 3150 . cessis a menma ┐ a a.¤ ┐ a innithim forthu, CRR § 26 . tuc toil a menman ┐ a haigenta dhí, RC xxix 132 § 46 . as gairdiugud menman ┐ aicenta dúin, Acall. 287 . ar dorat Dia a seirc ┐ a grad fom a.¤ , BB 239b2 . ra érig . . . fích immarcraid i nacentaib ánruth, LL 240a13 ( TTr. 1724 ). go ndearna . . . taom budh aithreach dá aigneadh, TD 17.59 . do chuaid a aigned as a inadh he was beside himself, Celt. Rev. iii 10.31 . aigneadh dúnta 'gun rígh ruind since the king's mind is closed against us, Ériu iv 220.19 . ba brisedh aiccnid mor la Cesair sin `that was a great heartbreak to Caesar,' CCath. 3321 . In phrase do-ice a.¤ x for x is moved (towards, by) (cf. do-icc cride for, s.v. do-icc II a): tainig aignedh C. andsin ar briathraib na hingine C. was greatly moved at the girl's words, TTebe 4606 . tanic a n-a.¤ co mor forro the Greeks were greatly moved for them, 3125 . In sense of high spirit, courage: mosgail th'aigneadh, eirg ad lúireach, SGS iv 138 § 5 . anger, wrath: eirghidh a.¤ in cleirig friu, Lism. L. 2972 . ni lamdhais . . . ní dó . . . ar mhét a aicnidh, 2999 . rocendsaiged . . . a.¤ O., TTebe 2959 . do ḟiuch a ḟearg ┐ do ardaigh a aigneadh, ML 138.30 . amal rochúala Cairpre / téit a a.¤ i n-airdde `his anger is roused', Metr. Dinds. iii 444.66 . benaidh aignedh Molaga fris et téitt bás Molaga's anger struck him, Irish Texts iii 21 § 18 .

(c) disposition, character, behaviour: a.¤ ailgen cen ainble, ZCP vi 264 § 10 . ronbé ō christ aigned n-arge, ACL iii 297 § 55 . ba hanrata a.¤ ind fir sin, TTebe 1544 . fear dob aithreamhail n-aignidh `like his father in disposition', TD 17.37 . a Eoin go n-aigneadh coluim (to John the Baptist), Dán Dé xi 19 .

(d) mind, attention, thought: ni roibe a aigned isin ernaighthi, RC xii 330 § 18 . suidh th'aigneadh im uradhall `do thou heed my words', Dán Dé xi 2 . caide th'a.¤ uimmi siút? opinion, Acall. 7537 . intention, idea: an t-aignedh do g[h]abhabhair do láimh `the said resolution you have taken', Ériu xv 50.29 . fillem go ár ccéudaignedh uime so, Geneal. Tracts 20.16 . ar demni ind aicnid, lúthige ind láthair ┐ méit na gaile the certainty of the intention (of performing a feat), LU 9142 ( FB 88 ). a chor i gcrích do réir aigeanta an tí dar thiomna é, TSh. 6145 . In phrase is a.¤ la: ní bad aigned la haon co fetfaide a ngeinemain nobody would ever imagine, Aisl. Tond. 109.2 . más aiccnedh libh a lenmain `if ye mean to abide by it', BNnÉ 288 § 276 . atá i n-a.¤: ni fuil i n-aigniudh co bfuighbhe an breth connaighe o Ultaibh it is not to be expected that you will get the reward you expect from the U., ZCP xiv 226.6 . dia mbeith in aigneadh dhó a shláinte dfaghbail if he were likely to recover his health, AFM v 1772.9 .

(e) knowledge, science (cf. 1 ecna(e)): dá n-iccad a.¤ oendrúad if the skill of any druid were of avail, LU 3549 ( SCC § 29 ). ard shaoi . . . in gach aicniudh atces do dhuine, AFM ii 1166.16 . gebé haigneadh ar a dtiubhra mé aire `to what study soever I apply myself', Carswell 195.9 (O'Rahilly compares aigniodh nuaidhe, Desid. 6449 , see p. 362).

aidilccne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aidilccne or dil.ie/877

Forms: aidilg(n)e, adailcce, adlaice

n , f. (aidliccen). Also aidilg(n)e, adailcce, adlaice.

(a) what is needful, need, necessity: athgabail trebaire ┐ adhilce .i. ima dliged adhluig, Laws i 254.7, 20 Comm. iar naidilgne uird according to the right order, iii 40.28 . triasin adailgne sin (of the Incarnation), Rawl. B 512 fo. 67d (Plummer MS notes). nach feichim dodaincie illessaib ┐ aidilgib (adalcib v.l.) co cenn mbliadna, Anecd. iii 25.16 . o rob erlamh gach nadhailge, ranaic Golamh a les, Leb. Gab.(i) 222.17 . Of what is needed for war: do chor bhídh ┐ gach n-adhailcce archena isin mbaile, AFM vi 2034. 20 . na baí aidhilcce neith fair ro bhadh lainn lais do cum choccaidh while he wanted nothing which he deemed necessary for war, 2142.19 . lá lón ┐ lá gach n-aidhilcce rangattar a les, 1986.8 . cona congaibh théchta da gach n-aidhailge `with proper equipment' (of soldiers), Hugh Roe 126.10 (fo. 34a) . ic innell ┐ ic imluadh a n-adhelge (adhelcce, adelcce v.ll.) arcena ┐ a n-arm catha o sin amach, CCath. 4644 . ?adhailgne .i. dligheadh, ailghean no mín, O'Cl.

(b) need, strait, difficulty: inna adlicne indigentiae, Enchir. Aug. 77a ( ZCP vii 482.491 ). ?ticfa[dh] rim, manbad m'ōigi / adhalgi na hēnpōigi, RC xxxvii 351 § 14 . omun ┐ uacht ┐ gorta ┐ aigilge, Aen. 1301 . fri airchisecht ar n-adlice, ACC 14 ( RC xx 162 ). ba hádhbhul méd a n-aidhilgni, CCath. 2355 v.l. (adhailgnighi, text). aidhble na haidilgne a mbatar, Leb. Gab.(i) 196.1 . lás in adhailcce ┐ las an ccuimhge a rabhattar d'esbhaidh airberta bith, AFM vi 2252.2 . tria aidilge airberta bith, 2140.15 .

1 aile

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aile or dil.ie/978
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: oile, eile, arch, aild, aile, aile, aill, aile, aill, aili, ailiu, ailiu, áili, aili, aili, aile, ailib, aile, aili, aile, aili, aili, a., n-aill, n-aile, éile, éle, aill, aili, ailiu, ailiu, aile, alaill, allail, alaill, alaili, alailiu, aili, alaaili, alaili, n-aile, allaili, aile, alaili, aili, alaile, holailiu, horaili, fulailiu, folaill, hualailiu, alaile, alaill, alaile, arele, lelele, alaill, aláil, araill, alaili, aláili, álaili, araili, áréli, alailiu, arailiu, alaili, aili, lialailiu, liala ailiu, aile, alailib, alaili, aréli, alaili, indala, indala, dondala, indala, indala, indala, all, AILE, ALAILE, arailiu, alailiu, alaile, (a)la, al(l)

In later lang. oile, eile other, one of two, second , pronominal used as adj. and noun. Inflected as io, iā -stem except in n a s. neut. (aill, see below). GOI §§ 486 ff. , Hamp, Études Celt. ix 477 (aill, arch. aild). Old-Irish forms. Stressed forms

(a) aile (as adj. follows noun; as subst. always with article or nach). As adj. n s m. aile, Wb. 12c46 . n. aill, 9c3 . a s m. aile, Wb. 9d31 . n. aill, 13a1 . g s. aili, Sg. 30a2 . d s. ailiu, Wb. 21a7 . ailiu, Sg. 30b4 . n p. áili, Wb. 12b1 . aili, 22d14 . a p. aili, Sg. 28a6 . g p. aile, Wb. 12b3 . d p. ailib, Wb. 12b11 . Fem. n s. aile, Wb. 10d18 . a s. aili, Sg. 189a8 . g s. aile, Sg. 188a12 . n p. aili, Sg. 22a3 . a p. aili, Sg. 191a2 .

n As subst. n s m. nach a.¤ , Wb. 20a10 . n s n. a n-aill , Wb. 4b24 . a s m. nach n-aile , Wb. 8a3 . éile, éle (influence of céile, GOI p. 308 ), 6a15 , 6c18 . a s n. na aill , Wb. 17c23 . g s. nach aili , Wb. 17b28 . d s. nach ailiu , Sg. 209b12 . a p. amal na heliu, Sg. 9b1 . ailiu gl. quos (nullos tepefacit sol), Ml. 94b20 . Fem. g s. inna aile , Thes. ii 15.42 (BCr.).

(b) With double stem ala aile, alaile, with dissimilation araile (with stress on -ail-) (as adj. precedes noun; as subst. does not take article or other proclitic, cf. Ped. Ériu xv 188 ff.).

As adj. n s n. alaill ṡain, Sg. 6b24 . allail (recte alaill, edd.) pronomen , 209b10 . g s. alaili thríuin, Sg. 96a4 . d s. alailiu chruth, Ml. 98d1 . n p. alá aili aidme, Ml. 89a9 . alaaili réta, Sg. 111b5 . a p. alaili dliged, Ml. 18c11 . g p. ala n-aile ndoine, Ml. 54a21 .

Fem. a s. allaili mbeasti, RC xi 446.1 . g s. ala aile aidme, Ml. 51c5 . d s. alaili tain gl. quando, Sg. 222b2 . n p. ala aili interiecta, Sg. 10a1 .

When used with a prep. ending in a vowel alaile sometimes drops its initial: holailiu, Ml. 80a2 . horaili, 2a6 . fulailiu (sic MS.), 102d2 . folaill, Laws iv 102.14 . But hualailiu, Ml. 40d17 . Sg. 25b12 . With la see substantival use infra.

n As subst. n s m. alaile, Wb. 6b20 . n s n. alaill, 7d11 . a s m. alaile, Wb. 5d15 . arele, 9c19 . With la: lelele, 16c24 . a s n. alaill, 4c33 . aláil, 12a10 . araill, 23b21 . g s. alaili, Wb. 4c13 . aláili, 12a34 . álaili, 13a9 . araili, Sg. 10a10 . áréli, Wb. 13a5 . d s. alailiu, Wb. 2a14 . arailiu, 21a13 . n p. alaili, Wb. 13a16 . ala aili , Sg. 215a1 . a p. with la, lialailiu, Ml. 14a4 (liaailiu, MS.). liala ailiu, Sg. 32b5 . g p. ala n-aile (gl. reliquorum), Ml. 37a21 . Sg. 201b15 . d p. alailib, Wb. 25b13 . Sg. 208b8 . Fem. a s. fri alaili , Sg. 202a4 . d s. aréli (see above), Wb. 8a7 , alaili, Sg. 189a7 . 212b3 .

In Bardic verse this form alliterates with words beginning either with r- or vowels: líonmhar dá reic re-roile, DDána 61.3 . sgol i n-ucht ar-oile ag ól, 103.25 .

(c) Unstressed forms (always adjectival preceding noun or aí, see below, and most usually with preceding article or cach). With article (both words indecl.) n s m. indala mmod, Ml. 45b11 . a s m. indala fer, Wb. 4c16 . d s. dondala lucht, Wb. 16c20 . n s f. indala chlas, Ml. 138d1 . g s f. indala rainne, Sg. 74b7 . a s n. indala lestar, Wb. 4c32 . With cach, usually cach la: cach la sel, Wb. 15d9 . cach le céin, Ml. 19c1 . Without art. somet. also all, see C I (a) below.

A. The form AILE.

I As adj. following its noun other, second: frituidecht a.¤ anísiu, Sg. 21b11 . pronomen naill, 197b17 . fogur na liter na.¤ , 4a8 . guidiu itge n-a.¤ , Fél. Ep. 413 . anní nail as much again, IT ii1 180.177 . cethri fogaetha a.¤ , SR 49 . immon michil lasin crosfigill-so immon muiri lasind crosfigell na.¤ immasech `with the next', Mon. Tall. 137.z (§ 28) . do nach raod aliu `to any other matter', 143.30 (§ 43) . isind le[i]th ailiu, Críth G. 591 (eliu, MS.). do c[h]ellaib elib, BColm. 62.20 . forsin triur aili `the other three', RC xxiv 174.10 . aisceda imda eili, Sc.M² § 4 R . Longínus in ainm ele, PH 673 . a dhuine dhiombuain eile, DDána 27.3 . céd eili d'uaislib `a hundred other nobles', IGT Decl. ex. 60 . ┐ ní eili and furthermore, Hy Maine 161.31 . beag oile as congnamh ré chois `little else', Dán Dé x 17 . aill with non-neut. noun: ro-lēcus-[s]a gaí n-aill cucut-su, Sc.M² § 13 . issin láim n-aill, MU² 543 . do thuc bulli n-aill, TBC-LL¹ 1998 . fecht n-aile (n-aill), úair a.¤ another time, on another occasion see fecht and 2 úar. Of future time, next, forthcoming: lathi n-and resint samḟuin a.¤ cind bliadna, LU 3298 ( SCC § 10 ). cosin caiscc naili `until the next Easter', Mon. Tall. 132.17 (§ 12) . nach (na) . . . a.¤ (aill) any other . . . : nábat nacha arm aili `let it not be any other arms', Wb. 11d14 . dochum nacha rainne a.¤ , Sg. 188a12 . indtan noteigdis nach leth aili, Mon. Tall. 129.18 (§ 6) . in nacha reduibh ailib, Ériu ii 106.9 . Masc. with neut. noun: huare nad fil na nert n-a.¤ , Ml. 29d5 .

n II As subst.

(a) another, the other, others etc.: cuit inna aine ┐ inna a.¤ of the one and of the other, Thes. ii 15.42 (Bcr.). amal na heliu `like the others', Sg. 9b2 . arus leth do fallaib an aill do doebdadaib `for half is due for the neglects, the other for the claimants,' Laws iv 126.21 Comm. mad a.¤ da lina beta olca folaid `one of two parties', ii 366.11 . ma a.¤ dá lína bes anfoltach, O'D. 565 ( H 3.17, 441 ). co ndearnadhsom in a.¤ chédna likewise, TFrag. 22.22 . mani tucad . . . ní din chéttadall ni bered a n-aill, Sc.M² § 1 . ní fargaib bennachtain ┐ ní thuc anaill (alali, v.l.), RC viii 52.25 . aroile . . . anaill the one . . . the other (ref. to léo), Grail 3399 .

(b) period of two days: a.¤ do mnaib . . . treisi do rig, Laws i 78.15 . nat ṡasai aena tar a.¤ `that one day should not be extended beyond two days', 120.18 . athgabail a.¤ itir uin ┐ treise rosmidir Sencha, 126.11 . cach athgabail a.¤ , 144.24 .i. for ata anad naili ┐ apad aili, 146.21 Comm. is for dail na haili, 146.12 Comm. athgabail a.¤ do ingin im comorbus a mathar, 146.y .i. ar ata anadh naili, 148.3. Comm. a.¤ déc space of twelve days (cf. a.¤ déc one twelfth , (g) infra): a.¤ do mnaib, a.¤ dec doib im roe, Laws i 78.15 .

(c) Frequ. a n-aill something else, anything else: nimbe anaild arbera bith `he has nothing else that he may eat', Mon. Tall. 146.16 (§ 50) . ind lethbairgin ┐ ind cethramtu nó anaild `the half loaf and the quarter or other quantity, 151.z (§ 63) , ní fogbat merdrecha Ulad a n-aill acht foraim én dóib, LU 3254 ( SCC § 5 ). it é do theoir ríagla / nítroib anaill bas diliu `have thou naught else dearer', Ériu i 194 § 7 . in fil anaill? ol Grigoir `is there anything else?' ZCP iii 30.21 .

(d) Hence with ocus, etc. furthermore: ┐ anaill forácbus[s]a . . ., LL 279a7 . ┐ anaill béus, iarfaig-siu and furthermore, ask . . ., TBC-LL¹ 1920 . ┐ dano a n-aill and úair ni chesend nech, LU 2654 . ┐ anaill niro tagaill . . ., Grail 2786 . Cf. similar use of araill: et araill aile dana béus, TBC-LL¹ 106 . ┐ araill and, dano, . . . ní fil rígain . . ., LU 4015 ( SCC § 46 ). araill ele bheós ro leth ainm . . ., AFM v 1858.z . ┐ araill ele nir bó siodhach . . ., vi 2052.10 .

(e) Uninflected aill . . . aill one . . . another, some . . . others (not found in O. Ir. Glosses): imrordus in rígraid / . . . / aill úas laithib lígdaib / aill fo díanaib déraib some . . . others, Fél. Prol. 23 . aill fir mair . . . / aill ingene húage `one of a mighty man . . . another of a virginal maiden', June 5 . áill fri cumaid . . . aill ele fri teichead (of persons), Alex. 309 . .lll. carpdech . . . aill bruitt budi aill bruit deirg `some in yellow mantles others in red mantles', RC xiv 412.8 . Hence adverbially partly . . . partly: aill is tóla catha crūach / aill is cōra cacha crích, ZCP xi 110 § 30 . go ruc in ingen leis aill ar áis aill ar égin, Ériu xi 46.13 . Cf. aill .i. aonfecht .. . ut est aill torla tres tochuired, O'Dav. 34 , Ériu xiii 15.11 .

(f) With nach any other: arna arroímatsom nach na.¤ `lest they should receive any one else', Wb. 14d37 . cen acaldaim nach aili, Sg. 153b7 . cen acomol naich aili do `without joining any other to it', 197b17 . nib écen na aill, Wb. 22d12 . ni gessid na aill act búaid precepte, Wb. 26a34 . ní epur na haill `I say nothing more', Sg. p. 217 marg. sup. (Thes. ii xxii). in fail na aill adcota[r] dam, Trip.² 1323 . cona bía cuit do nach ailiu i nHére, 2766 . do-bérad naill ( = na aill) would give something else, BDD² 276 . With partitive DI something else of: asbéram na aill diar ṅgnímaib, Wb. 17c23 . in fuil anaill d'ingantaib air?, Grail 2983 . Cf. aill do buadaib Duind C. andso something of the triumphs, TBC-LL¹ 1529 .

(g) In numerals (fractions). a.¤ déac one twelfth: oile dég f., IGT Decl. § 3 . oil a dég (oil dhég v.l.) lochdach, IGT Decl. § 14 . aili deac brotto `the twelfth part of a second', Thes. ii 13.29 (BCr.). erpais Patraic aili deac Erend dó the twelfth part of Ireland, Trip.² 911 . `a.¤ dhéc the twelfth part, the Brehon's fee . Anglicé allayéag,' O'Don. Suppl. ni uil aile déc dosomh ┐ atá éiric a gubreite fairsium, O'D. 536 ( H 3.17, 432 ). da tecarthar ni da folaid cruid on breithemain, no ailedec, Laws i 234.17 Comm. diablad na aile dec, 234.18 Comm. no co thormaigi fa geall co roib aile dec, v 252.20 Comm. log a breithemnuis, aile dec, 212.22 Comm. Perh. also in: ni bhía an oile dēgsi am díaigh / nach foighe Ó Bríain d'éicsi úaim, IGT Decl. ex. 216 . barr na ngēg uile re n-idnaibh / uile dég gun fidhbaidh ortt (lochtach), ex. 225 . Cf. Kl. enair for dardain ail uathaid fuirre `the second day of the moon thereon', RC xviii 176.27 (Tig.). 284.2 . For ail dec 35.9 Stokes suggests reading ail uathaid.

B. The form ALAILE etc.

I As adj.

(a) other: aliud pronomen . i. is allail (recte alaill, edd.) pronomen , Sg. 209b10 . cenn cridi ┐ alaaili réta `and other things', 111b5 . sech alaili dliged ┐ indliuchtu `apart from other sayings and meanings', Ml. 18c11 . imtech[t] Boinde . . . ┐ alanaile n-aband, AU i 308. 11 , cf. 330.4 , 374.4 . In later lang. neut. form somet. used after noun irrespective of gender: leth in moige . . . al-leth allaill, RC xi 446.52 . don taeb araill, Stair Erc. 782 . isin luing araill, Grail 2969 . isind láim anaill, TBC-LL¹ 1719 . Note also: adhaigh n-aill n-aile another night, BNnÉ 324 § 38 .

(b) Usually some, a certain (gl. quidam, aliquis): hualailiu chlausul gl. uelut in clausula, Ml. 40d17 . holailiu lon gl. quodam adipe, 80a2 . ainm alaili thríuin `name of a certain hero', Sg. 96a4 . alaill ṡain, 6b24 . hualailiu mud gl. quodammodo, 25b12 . con alailiu fogoir (leg. fogur, edd.) gl. aliquo `with some sound', 39a2 . alaili tain gl. quando, 222b1a . ac gūmāidim ala naile nairec ninganta falsely boasting of various wonderful inventions, Corm. Y 825 . cornan alaili cuislendach, `a certain piper Cornan', Mon. Tall. 131.23 (§ 10) . alaili fáith marb, Trip.² 1395 . di araile anmcharait, ACL iii 5.3 . aroile fer angid, PH 818 . doní . . . araile gaitt irisech `she commits a certain pious theft', BColm. 84.10 . i n-araile domnuch, ZCP iii 33.15 . ro indsaig araile carruic . . . ┐ ros buail, Grail 1435 . in araile locc i lLaighis `at a certain place', AFM ii 1066.3 . Cf. co aroile mainistir ecin, RC x 187.4 .

n II As subst.

(a) another, the other: ni ferr nech alailiu, Wb. 2a16 . ni áir do neuch molad alaili, 16a24 . is coitchen do cechtar de ainm alaili `the name of each is common to both', Ml. 14d12 . intí diib bes tresa orcaid alaile, Ml. 19d6 . tar cenn alanaile gl. aliorumuice, 95d9 . Sg. 201b15 . cenmathá dobrethir ┐ alaaili `except the adverb and other (parts of speech)', 71b17 . muidit secht catha ren Osseirgé for na Déise . . . asberat araile is tricha cath others say, Ériu iii 138.102 . in foirend is craibdige araile `the folk who are more believing than the rest', PH 6363 . coná baí aithgne neich sech alaile díb, TBFr. 271 . cach gabal tra issuidiu araile hisesam `every other division is sung sitting, the next standing', Mon. Tall. 140.4 (§ 31) . gach clas ro claideadh do línadh do arbaim alaill do imbim the furrows to be filled alternately with corn and butter, Laws iv 98.14 Comm. drécht diib i nAidniu, araill diib oc Dubcechair, ZCP viii 305.30 . Hence alaile . . . alaile etc. (the) one . . . the other, another: biit alaili and rofinnatar a pecte rosíu (sic) docói grád forru alaili is iarum . . ., Wb. 29a28 . alaaili diib hi remthechtas . . . alaaili dano it coitchena eter remthechtas, Sg. 215a1 . Later araill . . . de is used of all genders: comérgit Ulaid araill díb . . . araill, LU 5017 . Cf. a dá grúad . . . co ndeirgi fola laíg ┐ araill eile co solusgili sneachta, BDD² 38 . Also when first part of phrase contains ind ala (infra).

(b) With idea of mutual action each other: con rochra cách a.¤ lit. that each may love the other (= that all may love each other), Wb. 6d1 . rosbennach cách dib elathain aroile, Fél. 4.20 . Eogan . . .┐ Oed . . . do marbad aroili, Ann. Conn. 1340.12 . ar bruinnib ┐ ochtaip aroile ┐ a chēile, Fl. Earls, 80.17 . Frequ. with prepp.: combad imned for araill domsa so that it should be trouble upon trouble for me, Wb. 23b21 . Cf. in peccath for arele, 9c19 . is ball cách dialailiu, 5d4 . ar a ndig cechtar dīb sech anaile (araile v.l.) so that they can get past each other (of two chariots), Corm. Y 1082 (96.11) . ni dernai nechtar n-ai olc fri araili, TBFr. 24.3 = fria chéile, 420 . ón tráth co roili, BDD² 1251 . lán ón orsain go ar-oile / an teach . . ., DDána 85.37 . casmhail a rún dá-roile, 92.6 . an ro loitseat Goill ┐ Geraltaig imo roile (roile) isan tansa `the injuries mutually done upon each other', AFM v 1734.15 . dīss derbrāthor dieroile `two . . . brothers', Fl. Earls 124.1 . ?asrean a ceile agh fo laill do `his neighbour shall give him another calf', Laws iv 102.14 Comm.

(c) somebody, something; a certain person or thing . In sg.: araill tra cairigedarsom there is a certain thing (?) (`there are other things now which he blames'), Wb. 25b9 . So also: [con]-secha alaill indib (`he corrects another thing in them'), 26c1 . aroile do lāmhoip S. Niclās `one of the hands', Fl. Earls 80.20 . ba ingnad liasna Fomoire alaill tarfas doib isin cath a certain thing, RC xii 92 § 122 . atpert aroile fris `a certain man', Stair Erc. 1449 . Note also: ara ara bélaib isin charput sin araile forseng fánfota forbrec a charioteer in front of him . . . and he was, LU 9274 . In pl.: is sí cétbaid alanaile `this is the opinion of some', Ml. 36a1 . circunflex la grecu for alailib diib, Sg. 208b8 . With DI: araill d'feraib Midi `some of the men of M.', RC xviii 23.31 . do deachaidh fein cona mac . . . ┐ ar oile dia mhuintir innte, Leb. Gab.(i) 242.26 . d'foraithmet araill dona neithibh remraiti, 272.6 . araill d'áes na cemenn sin, CCath. 86 .

(d) As adv. (d s n.) arailiu `otherwise', Wb. 21a13 (introducing an alternative explanation); cf. alailiu chruth gl. aliter, Ml. 98d1 . alailiu, Wb. 9a23 (see Bergin, Ériu xiv 29 ; xvii 1; Pedersen, Ériu xv 188 ). alaile, Anecd. iii 59.2 . araili .i. gne eile, Laws iv 68.3 . Perh. also in TBC-I¹ 1044 , TBC-LL¹ 1833 ff. (reading ... cadān co leith. Allaile (alailiu LU) dia tonda etc.) .

C. The form (a)la, al(l).

I As adj.

(a) other, one of two, second (in this use a `compositional prefix', GOI § 394 ): all-aidchi on another night, IT ii2 194.21 . alachéill in sin, ZCP viii 313.29 . Morc .i. ala flaith na Fomoire, Leb. Gab.(i) 80.30 . béra cend ríg alathúaithi lat, BDD² 727 . fria lesa alabrugh of other territories, O'Curry 454 ( H 3.18, 242a ). rogrād fir alathīre 'great love of a man of another land', Ériu ii 15 § 2 . ? nach for ala thire tí tarrassais 'that you did not abide upon the surface of another land', PMLA lvi 940 ( LL 37013 ). li ala lécuinn Saul `by one of S.'s cheeks', Ml. 55c1 . ala n-or di i teg, a n-aill fri sīn, Corm. Y 35 (aurso). ala thred dub alaili find, Anecd. i 57 § 58 . tēora blaī būirig . . . blaī mescae . . . alablaī dúnaid la túatha téchtai tecraiter the second exemption, ZCP xi 83.1 . cath Ocha alachath `the second battle', RC xiii 54.10 . ala-chor second contract, Laws ii 274.z . mád ala feacht iar mbrethaib forru `for the second time', 66.16 . See also under compds. and 1 al. See also under allabrig.

(b) With article ind ala one of two, (the) one (. . . the other) (see also B II (a) supra): dotóeth indala fiacail airthir a chinn `one of the two teeth', Thes. ii 248.9 . arambé indala rann cen diall `that one of the two parts be undeclined', Sg. 74b6 . ind ala c. gl. praetermisit unam c (i.e. by writing hoc for hocc), 205b5 . co lluid tré scíath n-ete indala heóin one of the two birds, LU 3282 ( SCC § 7 ). doroigu ind ala fer . . . et romiscsigestar alaile, Wb. 4c16 . is léir dorigni indala lestar is dínnimu dongní alaill, 4c32-33 . ni coir dídnad dondala lucht et troscud dond lucht ailiu, 16c20 . īadais andala (indara, LU) sūil . . . asoilg alaile, TBC-I¹ 394 . benaid . . . Mac Cecht a chend dondala fir . . . ro boí in fer aile oc élúd, LU 7942 . Loch nE. dindala leith di ┐ Slíab C. dind leith ailiu, Trip.² 1957 . Later indara: indara láim dó fri ubull bragat in chon. dobeir araile fria chúl one of his hands, LU 5012 . indara fecht . . . canait ceol . . . in fecht n-aill contúaset fri ceól muintire nime, 1978 ( FA 5 ). is hé indara fer . . . ró an . . . Donnmal int aili, Trip.² 1521 .

(c) ind ala the second (cf. tánaiste): cengsat siar dind ara chur `for the second time', Metr. Dinds. iii 4.33 . isin dara cét lá deidenach don ré `on the second last day of the term', Laws iv 136.1 Comm. Hence in compd. numerals: ala rann deac `one twelfth', Thes. ii 13.29 (BCr.). issed indala nainmm déc the twelfth name, Thr. Ir. Gl. 25.9 = indara hainm, Corm. Y 750 . indala descipul lxx at the seventy-second disciple, Laws i 20.2 Comm. fir errainne co alasét sesed with sixty-two `séts' ZCP xii 361.21 . ?torad cach trethain ala cairrge, Laws v 484.2 (Comm. takes as all beyond). Cf. co treathan ala cairge no ala caire, O'Curry 20 ( H 3.18, 9a ).

(d) cach (a)la every other, every second: cach la céin . . . in céin naili sometimes . . . sometimes, Ml. 19b1, 3 . cachlacein `alternately', Mon. Tall. 146.29 (§ 52) . is i fescur cachlacēin / dlegar dīdnad dōib they are entitled to a meal on alternate days at vesper-time (of fasting regulations), ZCP xiii 29.14 . cach la sel dún for imrádud dé in sel aile for precept `at one time meditating on God, at another time preaching', Wb. 15d9 . ammarbad cach la sel iarum do a mbeogud indtale dia marbad `he continues alternately to mortify and revive them from their dying state', Mon. Tall. 147.16 (§ 52) . bó cona timthuch cech la blíadnai . . . colp[d]ach ḟirenn lee in mblíadnai n-aili every second year, Críth G. 266 . cach alablīa[dain] every second year, Corm. Y 1082 ( Anecd. iv 96.16 ). cach ara bliadain, Laws iv 140.29 Comm. druinech cechla bean / crecōir cechla fer, ZCP ix 170.17 . ate cuir treineacha la Feine cach la fear dia urgaire, alaili dia forngaire, Laws iv 54.13 . gach re n-am alternately, Dán Dé v 41 .

II n As subst. indala n-aí (invariable) one of the two: is dochu ind ala nái oldaas a n-aill, Wb. 4b24 . togu ind ala n-ái . . . damnad alaili `to choose one of the twain . . . to condem the other', 4c13 . ci atbela ind ala n-ái ni epil alaill, Sg. 30a3 . ind ala n-aí antúaid alaile andess, 67b22 . co n-accai in da mnaí . . . indala n-ai brat úaine impe alaili brat corcra, LU 3285 ( SCC § 8 ). elcuig indalanae, ruibidh alailiu, ZCP viii 105.11 . da fítt . . . inddala hí do tabirt do Día . . . araile do tomailt fadein, Mon. Tall. 161.10 (§ 80) . Later also ala (n-)aí: ar lēicse ala aí di arailiu, ZCP xv 316 § 10 . ni frith ala ai do thacru, 354 § 42 . dá [n]dorus [n]-and—comla[e] ar ala n-aí, clíath ar alailiu, Críth G. 101 . bōthar, talla dā boin fair .i. alanāi for fot alaile for tarsnae, Corm. Y 1082 ( Anecd. iv 96.17 ).

COMPDS. cosnamach fri hailecricha, Ériu viii 173.28 . i n-ailithír, Trip.² 2033 . asna hailithírib foreign countries, TTr.² 1747 (cf. ailithir). aile máthair, Sg. 152a2 (not treated as compd. by GOI § 394 . Perh. infl. by the Lat. altera mater). See also C I (a) above.

1 ailech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ailech or dil.ie/984
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: a.

n collect. of 1 ail. rock: co fagbad a.¤ a chum[ḟ]at do chor fora lighi, Dinds. 91 ( RC xvi 41 ). ailce .i. cloch, Stowe Gl. 199 . Fig. basis, foundation: a.¤ anscuichthe, see 1 ail. a.¤ comgni basis of synchronism: cad iat libse . . . ailgi comgni fer nÉreand `chronicles', Ériu iv 144 § 20 . ni rabadar . . . seanchaidi . . . frisin lámmais ailgi choimgni, ib. a chuit chóir dona hailgib comgni sin thellaich Themra, § 21. roaicellastar . . . na seanchaidi co n-érbairt friu ailgi comgne cecha harda dond hÉrind, § 22. (The forms ailche and ailge supra are perhaps better considered as pl. of 1 ail, ed.) As n.loc. a.¤ capital of the Northern Uí Néill, see Hog. Onom. ro rīgad i n-Ailiuch, Arch. Hib. ii 48 § 2 . [ro ddet] a hadbai Ailig ríg, LL 3926 .

ainbeódacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainbeódacht or dil.ie/1170

n (beódacht) recklessness: ainbhéodhacht, mar atá duine dhá chor féin a nguasacht gan chúis gan riachtanas, Ó Héodhusa 226.12 = Parrth. Anma 3186 = Luc. Fid. 144.10 .

ainricht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainricht or dil.ie/1510

n (richt)

(a) unpleasant form, dreadful appearance: ba se doroine na h-anrechta ut batar forsin muigh (of stones changed into monsters), RC xliii 84 § 86 . trí cain docelat éitchi: sobés la anricht, Triads 84 . an duine ad-chí aniogh i niort / ag so i márach é i n-ainriocht, Dán Dé xxv 19 . In phrase do-beir i n-a.¤ : cé dorat Ísu i n-anrecht though Jesus changed her form (of a woman changed into a mermaid), LU 3066 . issed dom beir i n-anrichtt, IT i 123.10 . is he . . . domrad a n-ecruth ┐ a n-aindricht, Anecd. i 77.14 .

(b) evil plight: gurop lan d'fuath is d'anricht, `may it be full of hatred and evil plight', RC xxiii 402.z . ar mharthain i n-annriocht spás, Ó Bruad. iii 116.7 . a n-anreachtaibh uilc ┐ urbhadha, ML 130.27 . créad an t-ainriocht 'na mbíd anmanna na bpeacthach ndamanta i n-ifreann, TSh. 6461 . mar thig dhe duine do chor sna hainreachtaib uathbhásacha so, 1102 .

Cf. aimricht.

1 aird

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aird or dil.ie/1792
Last Revised: 2019

n f. See Vendr. Lex.

(a) peak, point: mind . . . ceithri ardda cruanmoithni [fair], Trip.² 943 . cach n-ulind . . . ┐ cach n-a.¤ ┐ cach n-aircind don charput sin, LU 6403 (TBC). ra a.¤ a gúaland, MU² 726 . samalta lim ra trí airdi ind echrad-sin. elta dub-en os chind arbaige, etc., LL 189b29 . cach duine a.¤ each on his hill, Ériu iv 130.8 .

(b) Usually point of the compass, quarter, direction: cethri arda in domain .i. tair ┐ tíar tess ┐ túaid, LU 10063 . rosir [in teidm] fo chethri hairdib Erenn, RC xvii 416.24 (Tig.). fo chetheora ardda in betha, SR 8044 . scailit fo arttaibh ind aiéoir, RC xxvi 364.23 . tabraid triar cacha arda immon ṁbudinsin, LL 13939 . cia hardi robatar ina rigi what were the limits of his kingdom, BB 488a42 . trí treba di cech a.¤ impi, LB 121b4 = gacha airde, Celtica iv 32.457 . ro élodh A. . . . as gach áird d'a chéile from one point to another, Ériu i 81.1 . cucligi in talman occa thochur dar a.¤ ┐ dar cenn `being turned up . . .', Ériu ii 138 § 137 . cridhe san a.¤ -sin níor fhéagh heart never looked in that direction, Dán Dé xxiii 29 . i nacchaid na des-airde southwards, BNnÉ 70 § 117 . do na Pictibh san a.¤ thuaidh, Keat. iii 1343 . ní cóir a.¤ ar tús no ar deireadh comhfhocuil achd soir no siar ré n-airdibh eile words meaning points of the compass, IGT Introd. 24 § 98 .

In various adv. phrases. a.¤ in a.¤ batar in da cath in line , Cog. 168.24 . do gerrsin in gormslegh a.¤ a n-a.¤ gusa imlinn all the way up, Comp. CC 110.7 . a.¤ i n-a.¤ frisna rothaib iarndaidib level with, LU 6503 (TBC). co tarla in muir a.¤ fri a.¤ (ard inard, St.) fris i.e. the sea was level with his head. TBC-LL¹ 1309 . o ra siacht C. ard fri a.¤ (ard inard, St.) fris, 1179 . a.¤ an ard re cerdcae ciormhaire opposite , TFrag. 222.22 . ard i na.¤ fria roile `opposite each other', AFM v 1672.1 . tuittfit na slēibhti innus co mbet a.¤ ar a.¤ frisna glenntaib, RC xxviii 312 § 11 . ar a.¤ present: ar airt cona roib etarcéin `on the spot', Wb. 26a14 . G. ┐ A. rí Róman ar a.¤ occa G. and A. king of the Romans were present at it (viz. a ceremony), Trip.² 303 . badar da righdamna . . . ar a.¤ acu, Snedg. u. Mac R 31.17 . ma ta in fear ar aird 'if the husband is at hand', Mar. Dis. 34 § 14 . for a.¤ , PH 5433 . ni beo fen for a.¤ I shall not be alive, Three Hom. 70.20 . neart do lámh ar a.¤ ní fhuil the strength of your hands is not noticeable, DDána 56.5 . gan fheagra ar a.¤ ná éifeacht `without an answer of any weight or effect', Content. xxi 4 . beirid ar a.¤ brings forward, displays: tucsat . . . na cathfir a ceird muccada ar a.¤ `the champions displayed their swineherd's art', Dinds. 57 ( RC xv 453 ). conid hi dombeir ar a.¤ madain domnaig `tis she that brings it up (on the shore)', 139 ( RC xvi 147 ). tuc in tespuc in lebar for a.¤ , PH 25 . mentions expressly, cites: gin go tucc ar a.¤ though he did not mention it explicitly, O'D. 522 ( H 3.17, c. 424 ). cuid crui don eiric tucad ar a.¤ . . . ┐ cuitig flatha . . . na tuc ar a.¤ , O'Curry 2103 (H. 4.22, fo. 76a). is aire tuc tar crich ar a.¤ i.e. he expressly added the words `tar crich', O'D. 605 ( H 3.17, c. 424 ). logh bó . . . ná tard for áird do beth a foeitsecht aigi `he has in reserve the value . . . which he does not bring into the account', Laws iv 132.24 Comm. dāla Conculaind doberar ar a.¤ it is mentioned (transition of narrative from the doings of Fer Diad to those of C. C.), TBC-I¹ 2574 . dosbert na briathra sa ar a.¤ he said these words aloud, TBC-LL¹ 1497 . nach ttabhairther a nanmanna for a.¤ , `whose names are not given', AFM vi 2074.24 . cuirid ar a.¤ proclaims: orrtha chodoil chríche faghladh / fiadha í Chéin do chor ar a.¤ , O'Hara 4408 . ós a.¤ aloud, openly, publicly (opp. of ós ísel, cf. 1 ard): tucsat gáir . . . os a.¤ , LB 151b34 . ni ba menma . . . la cech oen turcebus airbert ngaiscid uas a.¤ hi tirib Grec, LL 400a39 . siodhach ós a.¤ ┐ eissíodhach ó mhenmain, AFM v 1772.x . do-beir ós a.¤ tells aloud, expresses openly: oc tabairt a n-anmand ós a.¤ , LU 10496 . dobered cách a chomram . . . ós a.¤ each used to tell his triumphs aloud, LU 3233 ( SCC § 2 ). iomthūsa M. dobearar ōs a.¤ , ML² 1542 . cuirid ós a.¤ : gan dáil cruidh do chor ós a.¤ , O'Hara 4304 . téit ós aird becomes public: sul deach ós a.¤ mh'fúasgaladh `ere my release be noised abroad', Ériu ix 162 § 1 . gidh measa ag Dia a dhol ós aird `though He likes not open (sin)', Dán Dé xxiii 27 . ?As prep. phrase: ag teacht na bhfarraid ós arroid na ndaoine before the people, 23 P 18, 25 b26 . Also with prec. c (g): imthúsa Clainni Cailitín do-berar cosaird, Comp. CC 88.7 . tucadh a gairm righ gos a.¤ let the king's cry be raised, CF 914 . narb ail leis mi-clu gos a.¤ do tabairt di, Smaointe B. Chr. 493 . do chuir Martha na mirbuile cos a.¤ (= publicavit), 1778 .

2 aird

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 aird or dil.ie/1793

Forms: áird

n Frequ. written áird. Perh. same wd. as prec. heed, attention: do chor airde ar ar n-aiseag, DDána 95.25 . ní chuirionn . . . áird air a fhios do bheith aige regardeth not to know it, Proverbs xxix 7 . monuar is fábhal scáil nó aisling mo dhóigh; / mo thruagh ní háird damh áis, rom mhealladh dom dheóin, Hackett xii 22 . a Dhé neimhe is baéghal gurab nídh gan áird / nach léur damh air éunchor nach oídhche an lá, Hard. i 278.12 . gan áird gan bhuime air uireasbaidh treórach, ii 258.9 (1 aird?). síol Eoghain gan áird 's an Tál-fhuil bodhar-chlaoidhte, Keat. Poems 47 . ná sáruigh naoidhe le dlíghe do fhriotal gan áird, O'Rah. 138.11 .

1 airer

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 airer or dil.ie/1930

Forms: oirear

n o, [n.] Later m. See LEIA oirear m. IGT Decl. § 11 .

(a) coast, shore: gabsad . . . la ha.¤ nÉrenn atúaid, BDD² 253 . i n-airiur Breg comarda Étuir forsind farrci, LU 6886 (BDD). tonna saile sétaighfit / frisna hairera ardda, SR 8058 . ro hṡeolsad re hoirer na hinnsi amuigh, KMMisc. 315.4 . na gaibed i n-airiur do aireraib Herenn, RC xiv 408.3 . sech airera na Troe, LL 222a2 ( TTr. 349 ). as ann rogabsat airear, occ Dun na mBarc, Leb. Gab.(i) 10.29 . a.¤ na trága, Metr. Dinds. iii 212.3 . mag os a.¤ in átha at the brink of the ford, MR 174.10 . crecha airir Siúiri `the region bordering on the Suir', AFM vi 2078.8 . airear .i. cuan, O'Cl.

(b) border region: ond airiur as torgaib grian, SR 2677 . bid ferda firfitir fuidb / i n-airiur ingine buidb, TBC-LL¹ 537 . `ind' ainm gach oirir no gach imil, BNnÉ 235 § 156 . conidam túalaing a.¤ críchi d'imditin fri ecrata echtrand, LU 10294 . i n-airiur Eórpa, LL 239a11 ( TTr. 1644 ). neamh an t-oirear as dú dhamh, DDána 3.7 . do chor cuarta na n-oirer i n-imechtair an longpuirt `to scour the districts in the neighbourhood of the camp', AFM vi 2160.10 . a chnuic thoir . . . fuath dot oirear im inntinn, DDána 64.1 .

In n.loc. i mBrethnaibh ┐ i n-Airiur Gaoidhiol Argyle, TFrag. 14.11 . See also Hog. Onom.

Compds. ¤-doimnech: na h-Eirne oirear doimhnighe oileanaighe `deep harboured', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 177.29 . ¤-glan: co sruth n-oirerglan nuasalcaem . . . nEortanan, BB 244a39 . ragmaít assin airerphurt itaam, LL 220a28 ( TTr. 223 ).

airscél

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airscél or dil.ie/2387

n (scél) famous tale: adfessa dó airscéla na macraide i nEmain, LU 4856 (TBC). ní do imthechtaib ┐ airscélaib in ceniuil, 4821 (TBC). carthai Findabair . . . ara irscélaib, TBFr. 11 . rocharastar C. ara urscelaib, LL 14436 . ? bid airscēla la fer mbrot, Sc.M² 15 . romgab imtholta im erscéluib Tāno do ḟaisnēis dam, ACL iii 3.18 . innis óirscél ele dhúin, Acall. 164 . re h-aisnéis a n-urscel dia n-eis, MR 96.12 . Later (edifying) story, parable: an obair . . . do chor amach a modh uirsgéil, Desid. 112 . do chuala mé . . . uirsgéal ar an aithrighe (of Mary Magdalen), Dán Dé v 22 . Various: crioth oram ris an uirsgéal (descr. of the end of the world), DDána 29.14 . mna do mórimgabail athuath dia n-érscelaib (aduath do airscelaib, v.l.) gossip(?), Hib. Min. 41.29 . gach uirscéal taitneamhach dá mbíodh idir é féin ┐ O Domhnaill `every pleasant incident that took place between himself and O.D.', Maguires of F. 76 .

airthimchell

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airthimchell or dil.ie/2434

(timchell). In prep. phr. i n-a.¤ around, about: a chromscíath . . . co n-a bil áithgéir . . . ina hurtimchull, LU 6431 . amdhubach do sciathaib . . . ana nuirthimcheall all round them, Acall. 873 . it h'urthimchioll `around thee', Ériu viii 135.11 . ro hadhnaiced . . . go naomhaibh 'na uirthimceall, BNnÉ 274 § 249 . gussin ēdach purpur ro fhogair P. do chor i n-a urthimchell, Fl. Earls 198.12 .

aithber

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aithber or dil.ie/2557

n o, m. See Lochlann ii 214 . act of rebuking, blaming; blame, rebuke, reproach: do thabirt dígle et do aidbiur foirib `to punish and to reprimand you', Wb. 14c40 . . . . illa prophetica detestatio .i. indath[b]er mo indasfenad, ZCP vii 481.22 (Enchir. Aug.). ferais in slúag athber ṅgúr / forsind ríg . . ., SR 6093 . cia focerdaiter do aithbiur, Laws iv 60.19 Comm. na ben-sa aithuer (frim-sa add., do add. v.l.), Anecd. ii 60.12 . nocha ragha aithfer fort, 28.1 . ro bás acc tabairt a aithbhir fairsiumh they were laying the blame for it on him, ZCP x 4.10 . co comraicet . . . na pecdaig fri cetaidber ┐ fri cetchesad na conaire, IT i 180.23 = -glífit, LU 2087 ( FA 15 ). na tabra ai[th]bhir na litir orum `do not reproach me concerning the letters' (appended by scribe), Ériu ii 224.y . fors in rig ba coru a aithbhir do bheith, MR 50.11 . a ndiongna sé d'aithbhear oirn to reproach me for what he will do, Dán Dé xix 14 . atá mé i n-aghaidh na n-aithneadh / faghaibh gan é d'aithfear (the sinner appealing to St. Patrick), xii 27 . an chlann dar dual dola ar neamh / ag tuar a fhola d'aithfear i.e. the human race was destined for heaven but had incurred the blame of shedding Christ's blood(?), DDána 27a.29 . a fúair sé dh'aithfer an ḟill blame for the treachery, IGT Decl. ex. 872 . aithfear do thabha[i]rt dár bhfearaibh, Párl. na mB. 2712 . gan aighfer a phecaidh do chor ar dhuine oile, Ó Héodhusa 211.2 . ba roscremda ind aithbiur, ZCP iii 228.20 .

With immaithber (-ir): bai aithber imaithber ogaib in aidchi sin: bai dono a n-aithber uili for Tuirrn there was reproach and mutual reproach amongst them that night but they all blamed T., Aen. 2886 . do badur ac aifer imaifir fria cheili, YBL 158a38 = co n-aithber imaithber occu fria araile, LB 111b58 . ar rob iomdha aithber iom aithbher mairgnech ┐ meirten . . . reproach on reproach, AFM vi 2288.20 . róide ar n-aithredh dob aithnidh / móide in t-aithber imaithbhir, IGT Decl. ex. 896 . In concrete sense of retribution, punishment (cf. perh. aithbe, 1 aithe): genaid cach fer araile ár nibá hecal leis a aitber fair that he will have to make retribution for it, LU 9749 . cual . . . no imarchainn gacha domhnuigh . . . ┐ is e a haitfer sin roberar orm `this is the retribution that is inflicted upon me', RC xiv 54.13 . With subjective gen. ar oman Foruinn ┐ a aithbhir, Laws i 20.26 Comm. ní hé a n-aithfer féin téit ḟorro . . . acht aithfer mh'uabair-se they are not being punished on their own account but in revenge for my pride (of slain enemies), RC xiii 86.3 . leic a.¤ na ndea formsa `let the gods take vengeance on me', CCath. 1784 v.l. With oc: ag aithbear an uilc ┐ an eccóra ar lucht m'inghrema, BNnÉ 266 § 233 . gib é do dhéna ingreim . . . ar I. C. beid na deich cet naomh . . . aga a.¤ air, ZCP x 22.19 .

aitherrach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aitherrach or dil.ie/2630
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: atharrach, atharrach, aithearrach, -ig, -igi, aithearrachadh, atharrachadh, aithirriuch, oitherroch, atherruch, atheruch, atherrugh, aitherruch

adj -ech in Ml. Also atharrach. o, n. Vn. of ad-eirrig (see also aithrige). Later m. atharrach, aithearrach m. (g s. -ig, n p. -igi), IGT Decl. § 55 . aithearrachadh, atharrachadh, Verbs § 84 .

(a) act of repeating; repetition: is gnáth do a n-aitherrech `that repetition is usual for him', Ml. 94a3 . is gnath hi salmaib aitherrech forsna sunu cétnai, 133d2 . aitherrech forsanóinainm, 131a8 . atherruch i ṅguth ṅgnáth . . . is é in taitherruch . . . emnad óenfocuil i n-oeniniud isind runn ┐ cen lenamain dé o ṡein immach i.e. repeating a word or words as a device in poetry, LU 407 . aitherruch ar guth ṅgnath ar randaigecht moir inso, IT iii 79 § 50 . ar n-imdugud ┐ ár n-atheruch athgon ┐ athbulli, LL 226a23 ( TTr. 657 ).

D s. used as temporal adv. again: aithirriuch, Ml. 46b1 , 48d27 , 60a9 , Thes. i 489.36 ( Tur. 80 ), Críth G. 311 . oitherroch, Thes. ii 242.18 (Ardm.). aitherrach, Laws i 92.5 .i. . . . atharrach fechtusa eile, 98.23 Comm. atherruch, SR 1546 . atheruch, LU 1763 . TBFr. 228 . atherrugh, Ériu i 215.19 . aitherruch, ii 122 § 61 . Of dates, etc.: cusin samain a.¤ until next Hallow's Eve, RC x 224 § 14 . in seachtmad fichit isin mis chetna athirrach, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 24.37 . With prepp.: d'atherruch, SR 7408 . d'aithearrach, Dán Dé xxviii 12 . canir dano biad fri aitherruch an extra Beati is sung, Mon. Tall. 131.7 (§ 8) .

(b) act of changing, altering; change: aitherrech cheitbada lesom anisiu `he has here a correction of sense', Ml. 98b5 . dom aithirriuch gl. mihi ad emendationem, 22d5 . tairmrith .i. atharrach, O'Dav. 1577 (Fél. June 4). aithearach dlui n-assa, Laws i 268.7 .i. in oiriut bes . . . ag athearrach dlui, 300.22 Comm . a aitherruch as 'and removal [of the corpse] out of it', Mar. Dis. 48 § 38 ( Rawl. B. 506.45 ). m'olc d'aithearrach to change my evil nature(?), Dán Dé vi 36 . gan síl Adhaim d'a.¤ / máthair Chríst gar comhfhortacht, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 338.21 . atharrach na breithi `abrogation of the decision', Hy Maine 142.7 . do-gnid . . . imircedha ┐ aitherraige longphort `changes of camp', CCath. 3439 . earbuis . . . an sēpēl d'a.¤ `to remove the chapel', Fl. Earls 122.32 . athearrach aigidh turning pale, CF 654 . fir Alban diar n-a.¤ , Duan. F. i 89 (in sense of malairt destroying us(?), iii 80 ). Gramm. gan connsuini láir an fhocuil nach pearsa d'a.¤ d'ogham le hégsamhlacht ngáoidhilgi not to alter, IGT Introd. 3.4 . With DI: ni indliged doib athairec din conair fora setchi to transfer from one procedure to another, Cóic Con. 23 § 23 (atharrac, v.l. See note p. 82.).

(c) Common with gen. in sense of malairt lit. a change of, hence a different, another (cf. malairt): dia roibh a seanathuir i nannoit ┐ a athuir in atharach annoite, Laws iii 66.12 Comm. cia domrad Dia a n-aitherruch ecaisc (of an abbot changed into a woman), Anecd. i 77.15 . a.¤ cresa, Grail 3249 . a.¤ cuir do chor don choróin `to transfer the crown' (of the Earl of Essex), AFM vi 2258.13 . do glacadh aitherraigh aēir `take a change of air', Fl. Earls 238.2 . nach iarrthar a aithearrach sin nought else save that, Parrth. Anma 1258 . a aithearrach mar aighne / it aghaidh ní iarrfaim-ne no other advocate, DDána 11.33 . ni bhfuil m'aithearrach ann `there is none beside me', Isaiah xlv 6 . Redundantly: nách fuil a aithearrach ann achd é féin, Mark xii 32 .

(d) diversity, variety: tuic co tuicter [atharrach] fiabrais do reir aiterruigh na córp ┐ na ceoand = secundum diversitatem vaporum et corporum, Rosa Angl. 50.7 . is imdha atherrach creidium innti `a great variety of belief', Maund. 145 . dá chinēl déc . . . d'atharrach céol, RC xxiv 376.16 . lia d'aithearrach aosa ciúil `more numerous the variety of its musicians', TD 27.10 .

aitherracht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aitherracht or dil.ie/2631

n (see aitherrechtaigthe): as deacair a chor a n-aithearrachd ón diabhal, ór as ro-aithremhail an mac é i.e. it is difficult not to consider him as the offspring of the devil(?), Mac Aingil 5315 .

aithlín

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aithlín or dil.ie/2742

n (lín): is dul tre ghealchuanaibh do chor éigne i n-aithlíonaibh (: flaithríoghaibh) to put fish into old (?) nets (of a difficult undertaking), Aithd. D. 76.4 .

2 aititnech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 aititnech or dil.ie/2818

n = aititiu (?): nad bet lobthaig cor .i. lobthaig can aitidnech im chor for a muintir, O'Curry 860 (H 3.18, p. 388b).

ambrail

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ambrail or dil.ie/3104

n (Engl. or Rom. loanword) admiral: díarraidh an Ambrael ┐ choblaigh do chor co hÉirinn, AFM v 1728.x . rīgh nō prinnsa nō a.¤ no diuice, ZCP vi 81.z . aimrél, Ó Bruad. iii 72 xii . diuic is amairéil `a duke and admiral', 80.6 .

andána

Cite this: eDIL s.v. andána or dil.ie/3484
Last Revised: 2013

adj (dána) very bold, presumptuous: imeachtraid aindiuid . . . a.¤ na n-oirer, AFM vi 2298.3 . 'ar mbeith dóibh anndána 2 Peter ii 10 . mesardhacht do chor is na daoinibh meta ┐ andána, Celtica i 194.1080 .

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