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aicdid(e)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aicdid(e) or dil.ie/773

 

n (2 aicde): in téo chrann aicdide . . . in teochrann aicdid (sic) dia tísat na haicdide (?haicdi de) atber lebar de, O'D. 1676 (H. 5.15, 28a) `the timber tree which is fit for making 'aicdi' . . . if the 'aicdi' come of it which the book says are to come of it, etc.' Plummer MS. notes.

2 as

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 as or dil.ie/4359

 

Forms: as, ais, asa, asa

n m. as (óir) m. (g s. and n p. ais, asa), IGT Decl. § 38 . shoe, slipper; hose: `a.¤ .i. bróg a shoe, rather a stocking. Pl. asa Engl. hose ', P. O'C. hais .i. broga . . . hasaib haccrandaib .i. asa dergarimoind(?) ima cosaibh .i. asaite imtecht a tribuis ┐ a cuarain ime, O'Dav. 1068 . cúis tuirse mar táithe i nglas / fa gnáithe i n-a.¤ cuisne an chos more usual to have your foot in a shoe frozen hard, DDána 79.28 . sról no a.¤ donn fa dhemheas / do legheas bhas corr chuireas, IGT Decl. ex. 1339 . a dá ass . . . a dī lāmhann, ZCP vi 271.18 . ass (osann, osanna v.ll.) fá chois an Ríghmhilidh sin, ITS i 122.30 . go n-asaibh airgid fhinnghil / fa colpaip séimhe soillsi `he wore gaiters(?)', Duan. F. ii 392 § 80 . ass arcait ima cois cli / . . . / ass orda ima chois ndeis, Manners and Customs iii 166 n. ro fháccaibh a ionnchomhardha .i. lethass `one slipper', AFM vi 1876.6 (of a claimant to a chieftaincy, see O'Brien, Celtica ii 351-3 ). Hence fer in ais (asa) óir used in class. verse of persons of high rank (`inaugurated chief', O'Brien): fear scéith óir is aonasa (: Aodha-sa), LBranach 750 . fer an ais óir ar a eing / budh tóir ar in nGlais nGaibhnind, IGT Decl. ex. 999 . fear an éngha 's an ais óir / ní thérna tóir ar ais úaidh, ex. 1054 . dá chrann ḟir an órasa / ní rann sin 's an Sémussa, ex. 1055 . ar ngabhail géill an ais (: lais) óir, LBranach 6605 . mac Aodha na n-a.¤ n-óir, O'R. Poems 1924 . mac Sēmais do thimchail tīr / cas imc[h]air in ēnais ōir, Butler Poems 2214 . Cf. 1 assa(e).

Compd. mac Aengusa aslethain broad-shoed , LB 15b36 .

1 bann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bann or dil.ie/5348
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: bang, aenbaingi, -baing, baind, bann

n o. Also bang ā, f. g s. aenbaingi, CCath. 1950 v.l. (énbhaing, text). d s. -baing, 2105 . Cf. a s. baind, Fing. R. 240. bann m., IGT Decl. § 73 , § 96 (p. 130.8) . Variously glossed: b.¤ .i. buille, O'Curry 583 (H. 3.18, 289). .i. gníomh, O'Cl. .i. gach cumhsgugadh, ibid. Also glossed with meanings not sup- ported by exx.: b.¤ .i. līathrāid, Corm. Y 200. Ériu xiii 76.207 . Metr. Gl. 32 § 7. Lec. Gl. 503. O'Cl. .i. dligheadh, O'Curry 1490 (H. 3.18, 664). Lec. Gl. 42. Stowe Gl. 232. O'Cl. .i. bás, O'Cl. .i. olc, O'Curry 972 (H. 3.18, 416). .i. tend, ibid.

(a) Meaning appar. move, movement, impulse, effort, thrust; hence exploit, deed: dracc ilair band, ZCP iii 465.17 , 21 . atnecham (atteocham, v.l.) ria mbandaib before making any move (?), Fél. Dec. 21. b.¤ baide ┐ trócaire impulse, SR 2072. lín ṁband mbalcbúada, LU 8289 ( FB 22 , rhet.). rosbaí damna bróin don b.¤ `the deed was a source of sorrow to them', Metr. Dinds. iv 20.28 . cath Bregmaine band `of deeds', RC xxix 211 § 8. ni maiti da bidbadaib band, Fen. 378.21 . b.¤ tre cheardchaibh caithshleagh gcorr (of a chief), DDána 79.26 . ní héidir liomsa achd b.¤ báis `the only steps I can take are fraught with death', Aithd. D. 51.12 . a bh.¤ claonta leis an gcoir `her conduct inclining to sin', 50.34 . b.¤ mear taidhbhseach tar tor (of a mare), Measgra D. 15.24 . Oar-stroke : dá luing . . . fó énbaing imruma, CCath. 2105 , 1950 ; `with one pull of the oars´ Loinges mac nDuíl Dermait 88 . cach band do-beread forsin curach (with) each oar-stroke that he gave the curach, 58 § 31 . ód bhand ḟíchmhar imramha, IGT Decl. ex. 860. Cf. DDána 83.20 . ? band īslighthe, ar ar n-onōir, Éigse xiv 92 § 2 and Notes 103 § 2 b . perh. to 1 bang.

With verbs: fer dobeir b.¤ ar cach ṁbūaid achieves (?), attempts (?), ZCP viii 119 § 40 ( Rawl. 88b42 ). dobert G. band feramail fora churach vigorously propelled, LL 12702. Cf. IT ii1 181.192 . tucad b.¤ ele arna cobhlaigibh [co ndechadar] . . . imásech araile, CCath. 1966. tucadur iaromh b.¤ dúr dīochra ar an deabhaidh made for, Cath MT 786. beiridh b.¤ tar bhladh a sinnsear surpasses , O'Hara 4175. b.¤ ar a ais ní headh rug did not retreat, PBocht 10.15 . Cf. band ar ais ón irgail, Hy Fiach. 260.7 . téid crann ó Dhonnchadh fa dheóigh / b.¤ tar orchar in áirseóir, IGT Decl. ex. 1309. do-chuaidh Pilib / . . . / b.¤ suas tar na sinnsearaibh surpassed, O'R. Poems 432. imbered a baind foraib, Fing. R. 240. Elliptically: is mithid damhsa b.¤ do bhaile `to foot it homewards', Ó Bruad. ii 240.5 (bonn. v.l.).

(b) Passing into sense of length (of cast, etc.), distance, period, extent, amount: níbo moo in band oldas a chéle (of casting a ball and hurley), LU 5006. dobert G. fochrothad . . . fon scíath co roacht band ḟata úad, LL 12719. Éire ┐ áirdrí Bearta / ní bhfuil aonbh. uaisleachta / . . . / d'iomurcadh air ná uirthi degree, 23 G 24 , 274.13 . Conchobor bliadain a band / noco torchair la Crimthand, LL 15151. ? ri ro bai ria mbetha b.¤ , SR 5273. ? b.¤ ar t'fhíoch ní fheadarsón, Bard. Synt. Tr. 193.12 . Diancecht . . . is e ro chind in b.¤ decided the amount (?), Laws iii 362.4 Comm. (`that established the rule').

Freq. in chevilles: niba hifernach, búan bánn, / clann na cined dó, Trip.² 393. Fél. 86.31 . úarda band, LU 9856. ? 10543 . būaidh ria mbannaibh, ZCP vi 264 § 5. ? fíad slúa g Eigept, amra bainn, SR 3291 (: Foraind).

Note also: briathar baile (builidh, v.l.) b.¤ , Metr. Gl. 11 § 10. ba difulaing cloistecht re fogurmuirn in muighe fos, cona búi a barsamail acht amail bad b.¤ don brat[h] doberta isin uair sin ind, CCath. 5650 (`ban of Doom'). benfaid na trī band[a] .i. band crābaid, band ecnoi, band trebairi, ZCP ix 453 § 34. Of Eóin Bruinne: a bhrágha ní fhuair ionadh / os chionn cíche an dúiliomhan / b.¤ do bhí tar an gcroichse / dí is gan chrann 'n-a caomhthaighse, PBocht 23.13 (`a band was fixed about the cross'). inmain bund sin, inmain band, / dotelccad do nim anull, TTebe xvi 1 (`a dear strain'). forbann .i. for b.¤ .i. ní ós ceann dligidh, óir as ionann b.¤ ┐ dligheadh, O'Cl.

Compds. With nouns: cen báes ṁbandgaile impulsive valour (?), LL 25803. bandmaidm Lettrech Ainge (.i. cath Cilli Mōna) rout, ZCP xii 236 § 56. With adj.: cur meabaidh don abhainn ina buindeadhaibh borbghloracha . . . bangdhlúithi (b.¤ dluíthe, v.l., TBC-LL¹ 3911 ), TBC St. 3238.

Cf. 1 bang.

barrgalach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. barrgalach or dil.ie/5436

 

n (barrgal): barrghalach chrann ` tops of trees' (of a Fenian warrior's bed), Keat. ii 328.29 .

bengán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bengán or dil.ie/5651

 

Forms: benglán, beangán, beangán, beangláin

n o, m. Also benglán. beangán m., IGT Decl. § 35. branch, shoot (of a tree); fig. scion: omna . . . air n-a bheósgathadh da bheangánaibh, ITS xxiv 40.5 . beangán do chrann na pailme, Dhá Sg. Art. 27. beangán `a branch', Eg. Gl. 83. beangláin (beangla, MS.) a bairr thruim (lady's hair), Magauran 1935 . ar mhnaoi na mbeanglán n-óir, Éigse vi 4 § 14. beangan aili do chloind Chuind / clann Máilli, Hy Fiach. 180.7 . a bheangáin do chineadh Chuirc `O branch of C.'s race', O'Hara 2945. mo thruaighe beangáin Uladh scions, Measgra D. 55.12 . beangáin fhuil a haonmhuine (of the Trinity), DDána 9.8 .

? berb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? berb or dil.ie/5695

 

n in compd. -chrann : in b.¤ -crand gl. bir-crand, Laws v 484.18 Comm.

2 bí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 bí or dil.ie/5810
Last Revised: 2013

 

n f. Usually inflected as t-stem; see Études Celt. xxvii 184 . Name of some part(s) of a door or entrance: fo dí b.¤ ind rígthaigi, LU 8187 ( FB 13 ; `sous les deux montants du seuil de la maison royale´ Études Celt. xxxiv 106 ). for foradaib bith insin óenuch `entrance' (?), ZCP iii 216 § 31. In phr. crann mbí(th) `threshold´ Misc. Ascoli 386 : fó dé b.¤ in righthighe inann sin ┐ in fordorus ┐ in tairrsech (lintel and threshold), uair is iat sin in da chrann tar a téd na b. amuich ┐ amach, is aire sin atberar crainn b.¤ friu uair adeir is in bretha nemhe, itir crand mbi ┐ in chainnell, O'Curry 1322 (H.3.18, 608a). áile tech miodhchuarta . . . garbh n-eochrach a chrann [mbi], Ériu xiii 40.14 , Misc. Hib. 23. 16 ( IT iii 51 § 94 ). Cf. bi .i. tairsich . . . garb n-ochrach a crand mbith blaith bith coire .i. in crann his fo mbeo .i. in tairsech . . . dul dibec itir b.¤ ┐ cainneall, O'Dav. 233. i ndorus in daurthige connice in crand mbith, LB 277a54 . In biological sense (?): in am luide don chrunn síuil bruitis bí a croith innallaile, combu ógslán `au moment où elle alla sur le chevalet d’accouchement, elle cousit les sueils de sa vulve l’un contre l’autre, si bien qu’elle fut vierge´ Études Celt. xxxiv 106 .

? cáemthaig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? cáemthaig or dil.ie/7626

 

n (d s.): bann do bhí tar an gcroichse / dí is gan chrann 'n-a caomhthaighse, PBocht 23.13 . Cf. 2 cáemthach.

1 cáennach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cáennach or dil.ie/7637

 

Forms: cáonach, cúnach

n = cáenna. cáonach, cúnach m., IGT Decl. § 55 . ro chuiredar caonnach ina ccréchtaibh, Cog. 214.4 . is maith caondach craind ar gach uile nescoid, Rosa Angl. 216.z . co tart cúnnach (cáonnach, v.l.) friss, Lism. L. 2402 . barrghalach chrann, caonach ┐ úrluachair (materials for a bed), Keat. ii 5125 . Cf. caonach liath mildew, bluemould , GJ viii 11a8 .

caingel

Cite this: eDIL s.v. caingel or dil.ie/7831

 

n o (Lat. cancella, cancelli, GOI 567 ) chancel-screen, lattice : caincell a cancella , Corm. Y 370 . c.¤ .i. clīath, O'Cl. iar n-ascnam sair tar c.¤ `going into the chancel' (of cleric), Ériu iii 100 § 25 . In phr. crann caingil = c.¤ : forsna crunnu caingil sin, LU 2053 ( FA 13 ). crand caingil di glain eter cach dá claiss, 2050 ( 13 ). eter chrann caiṅgil is gréin i.e. within the veil of the Temple, SR 4418 . 'gon chrunn changil, ACL iii 307 § 17 . In cheville: findál caingeal (: caindeal), ZCP viii 197.1 .

Note also: si[u] dognetis aiṅgil uais / artuais cech caingil iar séis, SR 7854 , where Plummer (MS notes) suggests reading caingin. See crannchaingel, saingel.

1 cas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cas or dil.ie/8289

 

Forms: casbairn

adj o, ā

(a) Of hair curly, hence of persons curly-haired: noí monga cráebacha cassa, LU 7633 (BDD). do barr bude brass / ba cass (of Fer Diad), TBC-LL¹ 4071 . trí dondḟuilt chasa, BDD² 938 . Cormac c.¤ , Fing. R. 731 . at casa finna a forḟuilt (of household of Créide), Acall. 797 . gilla[n]rad chass crodund, RC xiv 412.w . folt na n-órchlann . . . gc.¤ , DDána 49.3 . re scéimh a slat-chúil chais, Keat. Poems 73 . Of animals curly-haired, -furred: c.¤ a graig, Ériu xvi 160 § 6 . masat cethrai cornaig cais, MU² 480 . Of trees etc. twisted, tangled: trí chrann c.¤ , BS 74.6 . in caill cais, Metr. Dinds. i 2.19 . Of terrain, mountains etc. of dense vegetation(?); somet. translated steep: hi Cruachain cais, Metr. Dinds. iii 464.61 . don thslēibh ch.¤ `steep', SGS iv 62 § 15 . i cath Dromma caiss Corcáin, Arch. Hib. ii 93 § 16 . re slis Locha Cuilidh cais `precipitous', Celt. Rev. iv 218.16 . Of sea, rivers etc. eddying (?): cossin Commor cuscle cass, LL 964 . sruth cithmhear c.¤ , `winding', Aithd. D. 61.16 . tar cholbhadhaibh casa . . . na g-cuan, ML 46.28 . do thomhais fhionnmhuir gcais gcoptha, Magauran 1283 .

Other applications: brat c.¤ corcra woven, BDD² 959 . t'eascaoin is c.¤ (to a cloak), Hackett² xxxii 11 . ilar na cúach, na cód cass elaborate(?), SR 4357 . cass cor cuirther guth in luin, IT iii 19 § 53 `lively', Murphy Lyrics 6 . casa ┐ . . . remra . . . amal cholamna (of serpents), Alex. 720 . ara cuirr chais `on its curved prow' (of naval vessel), Caithr. CC 75 . cechaing Eochaid don chath chass `serried battle', Metr. Dinds. iv 46.61 . atāi co rind recni chaiss intricate(?) (of metre), ZCP xi 110 § 34 (leg. chass: mass). i bfroighidh úir chais an chluidh (of a castle), DDána 119.3 . san léibheann ch.¤ chlár, 10 .

(b) In more abstract senses. Of persons: Créidne in cerd cass skilled, LL 1344 . a choccaráin cais `intelligent', Cog. 102.21 . for a cleircib craibdech cais / for a n-occlachaibh ernmais, Anecd. ii 33.w . co Clíodhna cais, Cog. 138.16 . dias fhoirbhthe, choinntinneach, ch.¤ , Tribes of Irel. 82.11 . clú cass (chev.), SR 7663 . ní crodh c.¤ (of dowry), Acall. 818 . ba hé in gnim cass perverse, SR 5973 . co ceird chaiss intricate, RC xx 136.21 .

Adv. is cass rotibe a gen / indiu fri bile Torten, Bruchst. 92 . na celid co cass, LL 29042 . seinn co cass é .i. co lúath, Cóir Anm. 165 (Cormac Cás). do chuirdís comhlonn go c.¤ ` ingeniously (?)', Keat. i 210.13 . an gaoth go garbh gclórach gc.¤ ` steeply ', Rel. Celt. ii 250.17 .

Equat. co muing órbuidhe . . . caissidir carra mennc[h]rot, Corm. Y 1059 ( Anecd. iv 94.7 ). caisithir casnaide a chul, Auraic. 3499 . caisighthir [sn]as snāth (leg. casnath?) a chūil, ZCP xiii 169.16 . cassithir rethe copad, LU 7252 ( BDD 91 ). caisidir, 7328 (97).

Compar. ní bo chaise a chur 'na laige `the quicker was he laid in grave'(?), Metr. Dinds. iv 112.66 . caissi rētaibh, ZCP viii 197.19 . do ṡil glaisi a gormtholaigh / nach caisi idh urchumhail, IGT Decl. ex. 746 .

(c) As subst. o, m.: in cass donn the curly-haired one (of Christ), Ériu iv 118 § 34 . imdha a tigh c.¤ a cuibhrech / ní ḟuil glas gan dá gheimhlech knot, IGT Decl. ex. 803 . As n. pr. m. concicher C.¤ cluiche maith, Ériu xx 194 § 15 . C.¤ Clothach, Cóir Anm. 9 .

Compds. With nouns: casanfadh in mormara ` whirling storm ', CCath. 791 . ¤bairdne name of a (type of) metre, see IT iii 11 §§ 15ff. casbairdni ┐ duanbairdni, 6.17 . Also casbairn f., IGT Decl. § 13 . ní ḟuil co casbairn chinn truim / rem lind glasnaidm ó ngébuinn, ex. 623 . trí chét ban do chasbanntracht calma na cichloiscthi, Alex. 519 . mo chasbraid go bhfóire (to Christ), DDána 51.8 . tricha cas brat `napped cloaks', Leb. Cert. 64.9 . aon don chasbhuidhin maisdín uaibhreach uilc, Hackett² lxv 5 . buinne faebrach .i. casbuin[n]e, O'Dav. 272 . tria caschairchidh (?leg. -chige), O'Curry 2164 `the quality of having curly hair', Plummer MS. notes. Conghal caisChinn mhóir Mhaghair, DDána 113.14 . fer co c. cluimh `with wreathed hair', CCath. 7 . ag crathudh gach caschroinn, Magauran 3424 . casdraigen . . . ūas clethi . . . cacha suind `thorns', MacCongl. 87.14 . ag cais-fhilleadh ar na coiribh, TSh. 8108 . dremhan an caisgen tibhes, Fianaig. 16.12 `hateful laugh' (see 1 cais). ag caisfhidh Dúin `knotty wood', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 160.12 . ag cais-iompódh ar a gceanaibh, TSh. 7949 . fail and cassleni Senaig, LL 370b39 = casol Senaich, Arch. Hib. iv 206 § 11 . bratt derg fa chaslaí, TBC-LL² 4519 = fuan brecdercc fo casloi, TBC St. 4430 `curly wool', Gloss. casla .i. casló .i. olann ch., O'Cl. nochathed caslus calaid, Rawl. 76b50 . casmhaide dóighte `burnt-up cross stick', O'Rah. 78.116 . greit cnōsaig tre casrub[a] `raschen Schlag(?)', ZCP xiii 276.12 . In n. pr.: mac Lugdach meic Casrubai, LU 5698 . cona cassnaithchib caiti twisted threads, CCath. 5208 . See casnad, casnaide. casulcha foda . . . fair (of Christ), RC viii 362.10 .

With adjj. in dvandva compds.: barr casbláith mar chorcair, IGT Decl. ex. 641 . folt casbude fair, LU 6294 (TBC). int ech aile ┐ sé casmongach caschǽl, TBC-I¹ 1977 . caschōel, 2559 (cos- ?). brat caschorcra, LU 7324 (BDD). lenna casdercca, TBC-LL¹ 5534 . Caireand Casdub, RC xxiv 190.6 . Clidna cennfínd casetrocht, BB 374a30 = chnessétrocht, Metr. Dinds. iii 210.20 . In n. pr. m. Casmael, LL 1112 . C. cas-mer, Metr. Dinds. iv 122.6 . robo chassūr crann a gae, Rawl. 77a23 .

With adjj. derived from nouns: hua Cuind cassherlaich curly-locked, Fing. R. 668 . dá ech . . . cassmongaig casschairchig, LU 8594 `manes and tails curled' (Henderson), FB 45 . Casciabach, .i. rechtaire in rig, MR 22.7 . moṅg casdrumnech barrbuide wavy and curly, IT iii 472.121 . ulcha crutach casdualach (of Hector), BB 427a34 . cendard cassetnach (étan), IT iii 246.80 . E. . . . mac Ailella Casfiaclaich, Corp. Gen. 129.28 . bratt caslongach corcra (cf. 2 longach), ZCP xiii 170.33 . corn-ḟolt caslonnrach, Abbott-Gwynn p. 335 . mor ceand caistrillsech with curly tresses, Alex. 133 .

? docamḟolang casbhuarote (: nglasḟuarote), IT iii 92 § 139 .

césad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. césad or dil.ie/8826

 

n u, m. vn. of césaid.

(a) suffering, torment; very freq. of the Passion; rúna . . . geine Crist et a chésta, Wb. 27c21 . hi fóisite césto dia cholin-som `suffering', 3d24 . rufes a aurlatu trea chéstu `by His sufferings', 33c7 . re cæsad Christ, Ml. 86d15 . dia chesad roces iarsin intí Crist, 44b1 . a ancride feisin immeḟolṅgai c.¤ do `which causes suffering to him', Sg. 209b18 . airrdhe a chesto, Blathm. 858 . corp Chríst césta cruiche, Fél. Ep. 270 . fri cétglífit ┐ cétchesad na conaire cengait, LU 2087 ( FA 15 ). rogabais conair céstae (cesta, v.l.) `thou hast taken the path of sufferings', Ériu i 200 § 25 (: dotṡéstae). indidem leir hi cestu crist, xix 64 § 25 . fri croich ┐ cessad, PH 5303 . in cailech-sa in cesta, 3065 . dhuinne nír chonair chesta (: echtra, metri gratia?), Duan. F. i 88 § 49 (`a favourable path'). don dobron ┐ do cesadh chroidi, Smaointe B. Chr. 4176 . naomhchroch chéasda Mheic Mharia, DDána 54.5 . géire an chéasta do-ní teine phurgadóra, TSh. 4411 .

(b) As Vn. act of suffering, enduring; act of being made to suffer, being crucified : a[c] cesadh gabaidh ┐ guasachta, Grail 4252 . an dtainic tú annso dhár gcéusadh (to torment us), Matthew viii 29 . atú iar nam chésadh san ccroich, Desid. 3158 .

Attrib. g s. fri ré in chorgais chesta Lent , PH 4998 . aithli chorguis césta móir aidche chasc, Eg. 1782, 17a1 (cited Meyer Contribb.). croch (crann) césta the Cross : co fighuir na Croichi cesta . . . fuirri, Marco P. 62 . in crand cesda, Smaointe B. Chr. 358 . aidhche aeini an chésta Good Friday , AFM ii 1052.10 .

(c) crucifix : cēssadh Crīst eitir a lāmoip bennaigthe (viz. S. Clara), Fl. Earls 164.18 . énchéusadh amháin ┐ beagán leabhar, Desid. 5726 . onóir na n-íomhāigheadh, na ccros, na ccésadh, Mac Aingil 6079 .

(d) As grammatical term, the passive voice : cid fo gním cid fo chésath dotiagar `actively and passively', Wb. 6a29 . in gním no in c.¤ `the action or the passion', Sg. 209a1 . ciall gnímo ┐ chésto, 194b1 . gním ind aithirge cesad a fodaitiu `the repentance (is) action, its endurance (is) passion', 137b10 . essum et essus a rangabail chesta, Lib. Hymn. i 11 n. 75 . ducatus a r[a]ngabail chesta, 8 n. 28 .

Hence of obj. of a trans. vb.: etargaire persainni i cessadh: rom-char-sa, rot-char-su, etc., Auraic. 653 . etargaire persainde i ceussad .i. a foditen dia n-echtair .i. nom-cartar-sa, not-carthar-si, etc., 3355 . duleice in duine cessad fair, 1611 . feartot (leg. ferte dam, ed.) ar du chele frit, briathar chesta sin .i. feartot ar a chele fris, briathar gnima so, 1619 .

Compd. ¤-chrann ` passion-tree ': benais fén a chēsadc[h]rand, MacCongl. 29.9 . fria césadh crand, ZCP viii 206 § 34 .

cora

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cora or dil.ie/12409

 

Forms: cothra, ccórann, cora, cara, -adh

n d, f. Also ca-. cothra, BLism. 108 rb37 . ? g p. ccórann, Bard. Synt. Tr. 236.16 . cora cara (ind éisc) f., IGT Decl. § 4 . c.¤ (na cléirech) f., g s. -adh, § 7 (cara proscribed form).

(a) stone fence, palisade, wall, row or serried rank (`the making a c.¤ round land (without objection) was evidence of title', Plummer MS notes). cara .i. clocha [ut est] fo cara Caiar .i. fo cairrgib, O'Dav. 384 . 498 . dar in coraid `beyond the fence', Laws iii 130.16 . ar clad no ar coraid `on a dyke or on a wall', 176.20 . clais c.¤ `a trench a stonewall', iv 72.5 . c.¤ tria liag a wall of three courses(?), 112.1 , see 21 Comm. in c.¤ . . . sé troighthi ina hairdi, 76.14 Comm. toraile .i. coradh cloch, O'Curry 839 ( H 3.18, 383 ). clas co corad .i. bís i comainci isin eclais gin légenn (leg. clas corad? co coraid?), O'D. 923 (H.3.17, 655). c.¤ clach, DDána 29.10 . ón choraidh chrann `from the serried line of spears', O'Hara 2346 . Fig. clann C. mar caraid cloch, MR 312.11 . dá charaidh cipíngherra . . . crínfiaclacha na cind two rows of . . . teeth, Caithr. Thoirdh. 104.21 . Note also: ar bhfíon fionn i gcoraidh chófraithe `vessel', Aithd. D. 72.6 .

(b) weir : aire, c.¤ `a fishing-were', Eg. Gl. 677 . in c.¤ coitcend na fine `the common fishing weir of the tribe', Laws i 130.4 . no dha trian imarcra in eisc do na corthaib uadha sís, O'Curry 1148 ( H 3.18, 457a ). riagail inbir na coradh `the rule of the inber of the weir', Laws iv 212 , 11.12 Comm. ba si c.¤ éisc na hinnise, Snedg. u. Mac R 9 § 10 . M.D. ┐ a cara(d) éisc laiss, BColm. 62.13 . ? seiche corad, Triads 230 . ic siledh tre caraidh cloch `dripping through a weir of stones', CCath. 5901 . coirthe chláir Ḟeóire, IGT Decl. ex. 1304 . lán cairthe chúain na Suca, ex. 243 . cara na héigne, Dán Dé xiv 6 . na carranna co na cescandaibh, ALC i 278.22 = na cescanna uas a ccairribh `the baskets of the fishing weirs', AFM iii 226.2 . im carrid Cluana Tarb `against the weir of C.', Cog. 192.13 . See Hog. Onom .

(c) Eccles. choir, chapter (cf. MR cited under (a) supra): hic chorus .i. incoraidh, Ir. Gl. 457 . a measg choradh chleireach, Duan. F. ii 286 § 139 . sa choraidh chléireach, Aithd. D. 69.7 . c.¤ ceatal ┐ ceól, Measgra D. 59.31 (`choir', Gloss.). C. . . . do togha lá coraidh ardachaidh, AFM iv 824.10 . tucad a grada le coraidh Arda Macha, Ann. Conn. 1307.12 . etir coraidh aingel, AFM ii 1136.14 . M. . . . ┐ C.C. in a corp daenna, na coraid timchell Macairius, ZCP xi 140.37 . do búi ceithre suidheócca dec . . . 'san coraidh, BNnÉ 58.7 . san chruisde as ttaobh des don choruidh (sic leg.) mhóir, chapter-house(?), Rel. Celt. ii 210.17 . Cf. cuire cniocht (c.¤ cniocht, v.l.) `a host (lit. choir) of knights', Butler Poems 1464 .

crín

Cite this: eDIL s.v. crín or dil.ie/12944

 

adj o, ā withered, decayed; old, decrepit . Of persons: go mba c.¤ mé im bhethaidh, TFrag. 14.4 . in Cromm c.¤ , LL 30548 . itir sentanaib crína, Otia i 126 § 23 ( Lament 23 ). F. crin `the withered', RC xxiv 194.13 . seanoraig crina, TTebe 1373 . Of vegetation etc.: brosne crin gl. gremium (leg. cremium, Edd.), Thes. i 3.27 . rouc cechnúrdataid ṅ as conrubu ch.¤ , Ml. 99a2 . amail ceapan chrion `withered twig', Blathm. 92 § 10 . folt crin withered foliage, Anecd. i 14.10 ( SCano 469 ). crann c.¤ , Ir. Gl. 162.16 . cen chrann c.¤ , Airne F. 344 . ris in maidi chrin = in uiridi ligno, Smaointe B. Chr. 3842 . for abaill chrin, YBL 123a2 . críon mar ḟéur, Psalms cii 4 . Other applications: nua molta crína seoit (.i. tiagait as), LU 353 (ACC). macc rīg Clūana crōine crīne, Bruchst. 37 . is crin cumthus, Laws v 440.24 .i. is crin in cumaidh uais `wise', 442.11 Comm. cidh criun in cumunn `withered', ii 18.10 Comm. a dá ṡengabair chrína chremmanncha, TBC-LL² 3902 . ? Uaclerigh carbat crin cuirre, IT iii 101.15 . dabhach chríon `a worn-out vessel' (of the body), Aithd. D. 61.3 . coiredha crína, SG 28.12 . cliath críon `crumbling fence', Aithd. D. 1.18 . ceirte críona na coire, TSh. 6963 . tirim crīon (finger), Beatha S. F. 1322 .

Compar. nír bo críne acac an fiodhach the sticks did not become drier, Mart. Don. 176.18 . Superl. crinem feada no claidem .i. ibar (letter i in ogam), Auraic. 5658 .

As subst. o: fear gá mbia críon as a chul, DDána 42.12 `críne (?)', Gloss. (i.e. a lifelong sinner (?), Notes) (cf. dream do sgar críne re col, 10 ). go dtí dhíom an tighe / do chríon nó d'úr m'aimsire in old age, Dán Dé v 31 . mōr da snath mo chros da crin, ACL iii 237 § 30 = mór do [sgath] mo [chos] do chríon `much of my limbs' bloom is withered (?)', Aithd. D. 62.30 . Of firewood: da chr. ┐ do lassamain, MU² 810 . loisc a críon burn when dry (of holly), SG 245.36 . Of an old woman: caillech . . . / mairg dorad taobh risin cc.¤ , BS 126.15 .

Compds. With nouns: iar crín-amarc `dimness of sight', Metr. Dinds. i 18.72 . críon-bhrat na coire, TSh. 7052 . cladach do chríonbhruisg . . . gall withered mob, Hackett² 6.4 . do chlann chaem gan crín-chésad, Leb. Cert.² 158.28 (-cesacht, v.l.). ceap críonchonnaidh, DDána 50.21 . i crinchumgaib na catrach (of prison), SR 7416 . nību crāeb crīnfeda, Corp. Gen. 56.9 . Sentainne ┐ Senbachlach / rop seis srofais a crínḟess, LL 22271 (see strofais). ni choitelaind hi crinlis `old liss', Ériu v 36.29 . fá h-imram crīn-luingi, ML² 1140 . do réir an chríonráidh, Ó Bruad. iii 88.5 . ní torthach crann 'n-a chríontamhan, Aithd. D. 89.38 .

With adjj.: ag buain guirt críon-abaidh (sic leg.), Cog. 255.9 . muilleoir . . . cringranna, RC ix 482 n.9 . in rí crínlíath can déta, RC xiii § 154 . crínsheirgthe, Oss. iii 252.23 . With adjj. derived from nouns: do chosnum Chruinn chrín-bríathraig, Metr. Dinds. iv 126.44 . crínbhriathrach .i. briscbhriathrach, O'Cl. cathsciatha crincaidleacha having withered skins, CCath. 483 n. C. crín-chossach `of the withered foot', Metr. Dinds. ii 2.17 . coscaíl cen[n]líath crinchlothaig, LL 4619 . senoir crithach crindiblidi, Cog. 186.24 . balc .i. crinḟiaclach, O'Curry 1460 ( H 3.18, 650a ). dobhen an cenn . . . críonḟoltach dhe grey-haired , Ériu v 182.348 . C. . . . mac Brocṡalaig Cringlúnigh, Dinds. 157 . a camain crinlamaigh, IT iii 103.22 .

crithach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. crithach or dil.ie/12999
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: -ech, crethach

adj (crith). Also -ech and crethach.

I o, ā trembling, shaking : ni bu cu cuana fothach . . . na crithac (a horse), O'Curry 1864 ( 23 P 3, 20 a ). tonn crithech .i. crandach quaking surface (or leg. tonnach ?), Laws v 138.19 Comm. badudh i tonna[ig ?] crithaigh, O'D. 2410 ( Rawl. B. 506, 52c ). faill imchoimeta i lleth re tonn[aig ?] crithaigh, 2409 ( 52b ) (leg. tonna crithaig 'quaking bogs' EIF 182 ). senoir c.¤ crindiblidi, Cog. 186.24 . is crinnaircend c.¤ (of convulsions of the earth), LL 32321 (TTr.). gluasacht creathach an chroidhe, 23 K 42, 303.18 . fiabhras creathach = quotidiana, TSh. 7894 .

II As subst.: milliuda, cnuicc, crithcha `agues', RC xxvi 46 § 233 . co nderrnadh fót crithaig don uile doman `sod of trembling', CCath. 290 (attrib. g s. ?). Cf. fot c.¤ (critreach, v.l.), 5644 . co ndernadh fód crithigh dEirinn uile `trembling sod', AFM ii 1182.2 . Of tree aspen, poplar : fíncoll c.¤, caithne (in list of fogla feda), Laws iv 146.y . cairthenn no c.¤ (letter q), Auraic. 5520 . ebhadh .i. c.¤ , 1196 . snámchar fer .i. c.¤ , H 3.18, 34b . With crann: don crunn crit[h]aig, Auraic. 5590 . coirt croind critaig, Rosa Angl. 260.17 . slata do chrann critheach = poplar, Gen. xxx 37 .

1 cró

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cró or dil.ie/13021
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: chrao, crai, cr, crui, cruu, cruib, crú, craoithe, chraí, craí(the

n o m. n s. croa, ZCP ix 453.9 . a s. chrao, Ériu i 214.4 . g s. crai, Laws iii 494.11 Comm. d s. cr, Corm. Y 306 . n p. crui, Laws iv 20.5 . a p. cruu (guaranteed by metre), ZCP iii 216.4 . d p. cruib, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 36.12 . Later also with n s. crú. Cf. n p. craoithe, Leb. Gab.(i) 32 n. 3 . c.¤ (an eich) m., g s. an chraí , n p. craí(the, IGT Decl. § 87 . c.¤ (an eich), c.¤ (ón chroaigheacht), c.¤ (cáolaigh), inann ghabhaid, Cró (Cuinn) mar sin acht gan illradh aige, ib. acht craí lána do láoghaibh (proscribed), ex. 1627 .

A term of very wide application, the basic meaning being enclosure, enclosed space, fold, pen, etc. crābed .i. . . . crau imme ar Dia, O'Mulc. 208 . cro gl. [haec casula], Ir. Gl. 122 . cro cumung, Metr. Gl. 20 . cro .i. cumang, Lec. Gl. 551 . M 345 . cruimt[h]er .i. crō-imbi-ter .i. crō og a māinib ┐ crō ima imrād ┐ crō ima brēt[h]ir ┐ ima gnīm, Corm. Y 396 .

I

(a) Of animals sty, stall, pen, fold : airleng for cro na muice, O'D. 1701 (H 2.12, 8.2). c.¤ roimh oirc (prov.), Ir. Gl. 156.25 . orc a cru finni (letter a in pig-ogam), Auraic. 5675 . muc as gach crú, BNnÉ 265.35 . Cf. ocht n-anmanna in[n]a muc . . . cro . . . ceis, deil, O'Dav. 360 . ic sádud a crúi `in planting the stakes of her cattle-pen', Metr. Dinds. iii 376.4 . deich crái gacha dorais . . . .x. loig in gach crúo, Fél. 88.20 - 21 . hūan corcra a crū asaine, ACL iii 244 § 14 . i gcrú an asail, Aithd. D. 73.10 . aonchro caorach, Luc. Fid. 5678 . cro con anfaitig, Laws iii 416.6 Comm. Cf. techtughudh do breith isin fearann co cruibh ime no cen cruibh ime, O'D. 2272 ( Rawl. B 506, 23c ). crui tire do tellach, Laws iv 20.5 `to occupy separate enclosures', Celtica vi 235 = cru .i. ime, ut est crui tire do theallach, O'Dav. 527 . tar chro, ┐ is leth muna bét(h) crui fences, Laws iv 30.22 Comm. By extension, space between an animal's legs: .ix. duirn a fot airtem (a) leithet a crui iar nairthur (.i. in bail ar coraiged teascad in tarra iar nairthir itis da chois cinn na muice) dorn leithet a crai a niarthur (.i. iter a da cois tona) 'nine fists its length, a fist with thumb extended its fore intercrural width (i.e. the place where the tarr was cut in front between the two front legs of the pig); a fist its hind intercrural width (i.e. between his two hind legs)' Peritia xv 317-18 .

(b) Of persons hut, cell, prison : fo chrú cacht `an imprisoning pen', Metr. Dinds. iv 122.9 . C. beó 'n-a crú chumung, iii 6.64 . duine do-dheachaidh fa ch.¤ became prisoner (?), Aithd. D. 51.4 . at cru, a cullaig! (said to seeker of sanctuary), Ann. Conn. 1342.3 . ag coimhéad an chraoi 'n-a raibhe S.M. i mbroid `the cell', Keat. iii 1524 . c.¤ meathaigh, Mac Aingil 2460 .

(c) With gen. of n. pr. or n. loc. (freq. in poetry): do chuartaigh tar c.¤ n-Uladh `beyond the far limits', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 374.3 . c.¤ Chrúachain Connaught , IGT Decl. ex. 1354 . buaidh a mbiodbadh ac crú Cuind Ireland , ZCP ii 342.29 budh tréad gan bhuachaill crú Cuinn, DDána 81.14 . oighir Chraoi Connla, Ir. Syll. Poetry 68 § 5 . ar lár croi Ia `in the middle of Iona', AFM iii 134.19 .

(d) Encircling band of weapons, persons, warriors, etc., hence bodyguard, troop, (line of) battle: c.¤ sleg ┐ scíath . . . 'ma ríg ṅHerend, LL 38703 . a ngúaille risin c.¤ crann, IGT Decl. ex. 1156 . i gcrú chleath, DDána 117.24 . saor an chraoi `the man who forms his circle of spears', O'Hara 2402 . imos cuirset c.¤ sciatrach do sciathaib órda . . . impu, Alex. 470 . muinter Í Ch. cro teand im tighearna, IT iii 92 § 136 . do ládh c.¤ uimpi d'ḟeraibh guard (of Christ's tomb), Ériu iv 112.11 . ina mbuaili bodba ┐ ina cro cat[h]a, CCath. 4980 . dorinedh cro gaile imon airdrig, Ériu viii 40.18 . ? crai mialata, BB 378b20 = crumlata, KZ xxxiii 83.22 . a bharr c.¤ `O lord of battle', Aithd. D. 20.17 . Cf. c.¤ aingel . . . oc anorugud a anma, LB 275a54 ( onórugud, SG 59.23 ).

(e) Miscellaneous exx. with attrib. gen.: dos-ratais i c.¤ bidbad iat you left them at the mercy of enemies, MU² 884 . The following examples (crú bodba, crú fechta) may properly belong to 1 crú. Pokorny translates ' raven' and connects it with Lat. corvus, IEW 570 . c.¤ bodba (bodbda ?), RC xiii 114 § 156 . Cf. is crú fechta (.i. badb) modcernae, LU 8904 . Cf. cru fechto .i. badb, Corm. Y 308 . crúḟechta .i. bodba, O'Dav. 375 . cru .i. badb, fechta .i. cath . . . cairbidhib crúfechta, H 3.18, 61b10 . c.¤ búada precinct (of Temair), Metr. Dinds. i 28.20 . Cathir Chroind c.¤ buada, LL 3540 . focresa cro comairle ┐ cindti `a meeting for council', Ériu viii 56.9 . i gcomhdháil ndruadh chraoi gcorma in a ring round ale (?), Hackett² xvii 39 . c.¤ cotaig ┐ oentad `covenant and union', RC xiii 72 § 75 . c.¤ cadat ┐ caradraidh, xxix 138.30 . ? cro cuil im Chellach i foss, O'Mulc. 208 . c.¤ cummaisc of metres using features belonging to different structures ( Murphy Metrics 77 ): cro cumaisc etir randaigecht mbicc ┐ casbairdni (i.e. 73 + 72), IT iii 68 § 9 . cro cummaisc etir randaigecht moir ┐ casbairdne (i.e. 72 + 71 ), § 7 . lethidir c.¤ dernann dil `the hollow', Ériu iv 96.1 . Cf. an c.¤ Logo, RC xii 78 § 69 prob. `some hut or other enclosure in which Lugh put his winnings', n. ethais corp crín c.¤ péne `fold of torment', Imr. Brain 46 .

In n. loc. sruith shenoir Chraoi Caoimhghin, AFM ii 1020.z `St. Kevin's kitchen', n.

(f) socket, hoop (of lance), eye (of needle) etc.: sleg . . . co fethan óir impi o irlond co c.¤ , LU 10665 . líathga mór co tríchait semmand trina c.¤ , TBC-LL² 4488 . lán a glacc . . . da hindsma ┐ da c.¤ (of spear), Acall. 4922 . ? c.¤ trí rinne bodb moslinge, SG 409.10 = AFM i 302.x . gearr do bháoi an cróisin gan chrann , IGT Decl. ex. 577 . co tarla cach snáthat díb hi c.¤ araili, LU 8858 ( FB 65 ). c.¤ snáthaiti, 4882 (TBC). im snathait, .i. set int snaith ina cro, Laws i 152.30 Comm. dul tré ch.¤ shnáthaide, Mk. x 25 .

(g) box, container : trian a cruib glaisne, leth mad coitethe 'vom Waid in crōs (containers, in Vorbereitung) ein Drittel; wenn er gehärtet (fertig) ist, die Hälfte' Stud. in E. Ir. Law 36.12 . .i. [trian] asin glaisin ina cet cru leth . . . .i. as in cru tanaiste no madat hurlam, Laws ii 372.23 Comm . nomhadh na glaisni ... ar a buan ... trian as in chet-chru, ... leth as in chru tanaisi, 'out of the first container … out of the second container' 418.9 Comm. , Celtica xv 5 . iarna minugad co techt a cro, [.i. . . . ina cet cro], 'until it goes into the container' Laws ii 374.2 Comm , Celtica xv 5 . trian iarna cét cotadh .i. isin cru tanuisi, O'D. 303 (H 3.17, 237) .

II hereditary property, inheritance : D. co lín c.¤ , Trip.² 392 . cislir rann fil for crū ?, Ériu i 214.14 . isna hībh crōaibh aile, 215.11 . confoglaither cin iar ndibad ┐ croaibh, O'D. 548 ( H 3.17, 436 ). daer gabla no crai, Laws v 518.18 Comm. nī crō co cōiccir fo cosmailius clīaro, Ériu i 215.y . do chunchid roith croi for Aed . . . .i. delg nos facbad cech rig di aroile, LB 238cb23 . re c.¤ a shean `steading', Ériu xvi 133 § 24 . DDána 74.60 . a shéd craí na dheaghaidh dhuit, IGT Decl. ex. 1629 . re taisgidh is c.¤ carad (of a harp) `relic', Magauran 886 . tairgid cairt ar c.¤ a cinid `land of their family', Ériu iv 224.23 . ? im chrú nochar fhuirigh aonarc, Measgra D. 61.111 (in sense (a), Ed.). Note also crui `cattle', Laws i 214.25 , 298.15 Comm. , crai, iv 26.11 , 12 etc.

In follg. exx. wd. is of doubtful application and/or meaning): turthughadh craoi, Ériu xiii 23.24 . fuidir goible, fuidir chrui, fuidir gola 'der fuidir des Galgens, der fuidir des Bluttodes, der fuidir der Grube' Ir. Recht 65-66 . og na bi fer craidh, O'Curry 2546 ( Eg. 88, 45 (46)d ). ni acair nad caemclai o croib in forais, Laws i 102.y `sheds'. ? lan . . . di cormaim no as co cro(?) . . . lan di as cen cro(?), O'D. 936 ( H 3.17, 658 ). bid croa na trī forus (of saint), ZCP ix 453.9 . is cro timorgne cach aighnedha a arach fri comus n-æi, xii 364.7 . tri cro in tuile (of waves), BB 374a11 (cf. Dinds. 45 ). is ed rosaigh inn ardrígh asin cruid, Ériu i 215.3 . rachoidh sí c.¤ tar comhaidh (untranslated), O'Hara 4105 . cro Grigair gan rath nā rabh (sic leg.) / da minaigh cath 'ga chosnamh, ACL iii 245 § 25 ` house ', Aithd. D. 49.25 . is crō dá sét .i. coimhét, ZCP v 486 § 7 (B. na f.). in c.¤ caem (of willow tree), SG 245.25 . ni thiaghaid feacht nó sluaigheadh acht ar chródh `for pay', Leb. Cert. 96.26 (crod ?).

Compds. With nouns. ? croaithlich torgi fiann, ZCP viii 306.21 . ar chróbhothaibh bochtán `hovels', Keat. i 54.11 . in crobuaile cat[h]a `fold of battle', CCath. 5378 . 'na gcróbhuaile chumhaing (of hell), TSh. 6696 . i ngonaib ┐ i crobuillib baís (1 crú ?), LL 12785 . cróichíor chruinn a déad, Hackett² iv 22 . crō-c[h]līat[h], Corm. Y 371 . conboing catha cróchombág, LU 8352 ( FB 24 ). ag cróinnsmadh a ccraoisech fitting out their spears, Hugh Roe² 224.2 . sin chro-inse (: millsi), Rawl. 164a54 . gus in gcrōmhainnir chatha, Celtica i 117.125 . crotacra . . . .i. tagra . . . do-ghnither i cro airechta, Cóic Con. 60 § 144 n.4 . beit it chróthreibh coitechta `populous household', Leb. Cert.² 158.6 . With adjj. drud re roibhthibh, cúilte cróbhodhbhdha warlike(?), DDána 83.8 . caór catha crobuilnig, ZCP viii 306.15 . a ṡlegha crannremra cródhaingne, Acall. 1553 . a dhá chraoisigh . . . chró-fhairsinge, ML 112.21 . ech . . . coelchos cálethan (leg. crua-) broad-hoofed, LU 8665 ( FB 50 ) = crualethon, Eg. ( IT i 278 n. 18 ). dá craísigh . . . cróremra, CF² 681 . fr isrengad cucu na crusighi crothuilli open- socketed (?), B. Fermoy 77b24 . In n. loc. Cathir Chróḟind, Metr. Dinds. i 28.20 .

crommaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. crommaid or dil.ie/13105

 

Forms: crommad

v (cromm) bends, stoops .

(a) Trans. ra chrommsatar leó é co tarla a gnúis . . . ra grian, TBC-LL² 2568 . for cóimu in chóicid nād chromthar `that is not subdued (?)', Arch. Hib. ii 61 § 32 . cromaid in phailm a barr, LB 141b52 . cid ros-crommad, MU² 411 `what should make them stoop?' Gloss. crech, crom, crin iat (of sins), Ir. Lit. 8.8 . ? Dall is Dorcha . . . / rocromtha fri comaidces, Metr. Dinds. i 18.64 . cromfuighear síos uáill na ndaoine = shall be bowed down, Isaiah ii 11 . In phr. c.¤ a chenn (do) bows his head (to), yields (to): ro cromsat a cinda, RC xiv 62.26 . cromaidh bar gcinn do'n righ rathmar, SG 23.3 . crom do chionn ┐ admhaigh . . . (to a worsted opponent), Luc. Fid. 4588 . Note also: crommatt cind fon eclais n-uill, BColm. 98.31 . More generally: cromais a chenn do chum a légind, SG 52.31 . sa chrann / 'n-ar chrom rí na cruinne a cheann, DDána 3.22 . do chromasdair a cheann re a chraoisigh, ML 86.12 .

(b) Intrans. cromm anuas bicc a phailm, LB 141b50 . do crom gu cosaib Coluim cille, RC ii 322.3 . glún nár chrom . . . dhaoibh, Aithd. D. 73.1 . rocrum a fiadhnuse an imperi, ZCP vi 48.y . an ghéag nachar chrom re cioth (of chieftaín), Magauran 137 .

With prepp. in sense of sets about, attends to, cares for: cromsait Ulaid co dicra do cur in catha, Lism. L. 3109 . do shnámh chuain . . . nír chrom, Magauran 2097 . cromait clanna Nēill fan cath bend to the battle, ZCP viii 224 § 37 . do c[h]romastair le n-a c[h]raīsigh fā na cathaib, ML² 1200 . da cromatar . . . ar a celi (of men fighting), Cog. 176.11 . bean nar chrom ar dhuine acht Dia `cared for no man', Aithd. D. 82.8 . crum ar do cheird dhúthchusa `betake thee to thy proper trade', Ériu ix 8.94 . ro cromustoir 'mon g-cath `turned to the battle', MR 284.5 . ro chromsad trenfhir thogaidi . . . 'man airdrigh `hastened round', TTebe 3398 . Note also: cromaid na laoich leath ar leith `set about the work', Ó Bruad. ii 276.x .

Vn. crommad.

1 crúach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 crúach or dil.ie/13167
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: cruach, cnoc, carn

n ā, f. stack of corn; rick : frith ina cruaich (cruaith, v.l.) isin gurt hé (of wheat), IT iii 196.z . bec leis dúnn ri cond crúaiche `when the corn-rick is roofed', Metr. Dinds. iv 160.215 . med do cruaiche, Laws i 134.13 Comm. dīre do daise .i. it cruaich arba, 170.27 Comm. mo cheas beach mo chruach mo chrann (of Christ), Dán Dé xxiv 18 . luath a cruach ó Chailligh Dé `quickly sinks her cornstack', Aithd. D. 1.9 . cruach na cliabh arbha, AFM iii 288.7 . Also heap, conical pile : crícha cech cóicid fo chrúaich marked by a stone rick, Metr. Dinds. i 14.23 . cruacha dhóibh ga ndoinndeargadh (piles of corpses), Aithd. D. 20.27 . biáidh an foghmhar na chruaich = a heap, Isaiah xvii 11 . sreath cláraigh . . . / . . . mun gcruaich `round its top' (of castle), DDána 119.7 . Transfd. c.¤ sgeimhle ó chrúas do chaingne, IGT Decl. ex. 1373 . Mountain, hill : lucht na cruaiche críne (of the Túatha D.D.), ZCP xiii 361 § b . imasoich crúas ciuil croich (a s.), RC v 202.3 `vigour of music surrounds the hill (?)', Ériu xvii 90 § 8 . lengait eóin ciúin crúaich `gentle birds leap upon the hill', Four Songs 20 § 2 . cruach, cnoc, carn, Eg. Gl. 161 .

In nn. loc. ar mullach Cruaiche Mhártain, CF Eg. 66 . Especially of Croaghpatrick: argain na Cruaiche, RC xvii 413.24 (Tig.). dia mbai Pátric . . . / for Crúaich, Metr. Dinds. iii 378.6 . Cf. attágar techt hi cruaich cruind, / druing cen crabad, Trip.² 1315 . an chruach ┐ an críoch i dtarla, PBocht 10.28 . See Hog. Onom.

In plant-name: cruach Patraic gl. plantago, ACL i 330 § 1 . sugh teinegail . . . cruaiche Padruig, Rosa Angl. 102.17 . 110.3 .

Compd. crúach-bás (cruaidbas, v.l.) ` heaped slaughter ', Metr. Dinds. iii 242.14 . crúachbhás .i. deargbhas, O'Cl. (? cf. 3 crúach).

cruinn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cruinn or dil.ie/13226

 

Forms: cruind, cruind

adj i round, globular, circular: compact, precise : cruind gl. globata, BCr. 18a4 . roth cruind forsa ndenat na cerda inna lestrai gl. rotae, Ml. 18b4 . crann cruínd, ib. cruind gl. teres, Sg. 66a12 . nach fuil bes c.¤ `any wound that is round', Bretha 14 . ech . . . cruind sturdy (?), LU 8665 (FB). cruind dothleatan comach lethan barc bhuailteach, IT iii 97.z . i ndeilb chruind rodamnaiged in doman, Ériu ii 106.x . isin mais chruinn ildealbaig, 108.11 . iter da sliab chruindi, TTebe 2269 . amellus ainm don c[h]loich cruind, ZCP viii 113.34 . naehí cruínne becca . . . oc techt tarsin sruth, xxx 129.18 . corab cruind (of stake), Laws iv 112.y Comm. a longa . . . ina congaibh chatha chruind, Oss. v 274.12 . gersat cruinne . . . cimsa . . . catha . . . C., MR 254.5 . dar Magh Cobha c.¤ , BS 68.10 . Cingh Airtur .i. do orrdaigh an bord cr[uind], AU i 22.10 . caithir . . . ch.¤ , DDána 119.2 . Ailenn chruind, Corp. Gen. 8.17 . o inbiur Atha Cliath chruind, LL 18445 . co ríg Caisil cruind, Ériu ix 45 § 6 . nir trian cruind `mere third', Magauran 2165 . sgéala cruinne exact information, TSh. 4138 . a adhmáil gurab neamh-ch.¤ an seanchus ` inexact ', Keat. i 46.38 . Of persons: nirsat cruindi cesachtaig niggardly , Acall. 4037 . Cf. gearsom glic nír chrainn um ní, KMMisc. 350.18 (see n.). ar an té bhíos c.¤ is gnáth an rath, Dánfhocail 22 . C. cruind `the Rotund', AU iii 12.16 `the Thrifty', AFM iv 694.x .

Of armies etc. assembled: do bhadar c.¤ an éin ionadh, ALC ii 294.12 . cinn chruinne i coimrith `gathered heads', CCath. 6097 . poball mór daoine c.¤ (ag chruinniúghadh, v.l.), ZCP iv 398.22 . bídís na daoine c.¤ = assembled, Isaiah xliii 9 .

Compar. fa cruinni ná uball, Eg. 1782, 34a cited Meyer Contribb. 536 . Superl. ba cruinne . . . corugad `most compact', MR 216.19 . Adv. go c.¤ neatly , Aithd. D. 1.17 . is c.¤ timcillit reanna neime in-doman, RC xxiv 371.28 .

As subst.: nochon ḟidir mac duine / cía dá ndēnand a c[h]ruinne / an c.¤ dō fēin doní dhe / nō an cruind do neoch aile collection, ZCP vii 303 § 9 . In n. loc.: tancatar . . . dar Cruind .i. Sliab sair, TBC-LL² 1218 .

Compds. With nouns: gnúis chorcra chrundainech, TBC-LL² 4438 . cruind ársid Liphi (of Eochaid Muigmedón), ZCP xiii 377.16 . mic T. mic Cruind beoil, o fuilet Húi Cruind beoil, Fél. 134.27 - 28 . tri cruindberrtha foraib circular heads of hair, LU 7139 (BDD). casaircheatha crunnchaor round balls of shot, Hugh Roe² 228.17 . cruinn-chathoir dhess `compact', Fl. Earls 74.11 . fear do chruinnichíogh dheól, Hackett 24.18 . cona cruinnc[h]imsaib coimfighthi, CCath. 5454 . cruinnchliatha caorthainn do dhéanamh, Keat. ii 5448 . do crunnclochaibh tabull, CCath. 3150 . isin chruind chuairt ildelbhaig ba damna domhain `round multiform circuit', Ériu ii 106.y . go n-imat gcruinn-each roi-dess ` well-shaped ', Fl. Earls 80.14 . cruind-ḟer crúad-buillech ` thickset ', Metr. Dinds. iii 226.z . ceithre cronnghlacáin, BS 94.15 . cruindinadh isin chríaidh duind, IGT Decl. ex. 948 . caorshoighnén . . . crunnlúaidhe, Hugh Roe² 228.x . for a crúndmuigib . . . cruithnechta `round wheat plains', MacCongl. 77.11 . if-ferta Cruind-Mēsé (mock n. loc.), 122.13 , 22 . (in) grian ina cruindmill, CCath. 2750 . cetha . . . cruinnphiler, Hugh Roe² 332.29 . in grian . . . ina crunnpupall teintidhe, CCath. 4431 . crundrosc [n-]odorda . . . ina chind `round eye', TBC-LL² 4401 . cruind sciath gl. rotunda forma, Sg. 49b12 . léibhend . . . do chruinnscciathaibh, AFM vi 2028.12 . an mogall do chrunnsluagh . . . tarla ina ḟarradh, AFM v 1626.x . atá trumpóir no traghna / a crunntóin mná Mathghamhna, IGT Decl. ex. 1308 . 'na chruinntig `round house', Stud. Hib. iv 68 § 42 .

With adjj.: for dá n-echaib . . . cruindbeca, LU 6487 (TBC). ech cenand cael coscrundfata, LL 24870 . cruinnuhecco (of knees), IT i 120.5 (TE Eg.). dod bharr chruinnfhiar `round curling', Bard. P. 20.18 . ingni corcra . . . crundgéra, TBC-LL² 194 . mullach crunnghlas corrach (of Benn Étair) (crann?), Measgra D. 41.10 . doire cruinnrighin chrann ngér, IGT Decl. ex. 1326 .

With adjj. derived from nouns: ? Cáoilte cruind certach, Duan. F. i 11.34 . coirce cas cruinnchlechtach `round-plaited', RC xxix 120.3 . is cruinndelbach docíter anmanna nan-dǽine arn-ég dóib, RC xxiv 371.29 . ag fior ḟuilt chrunnḟailghigh chais, DDána 119.4 . go n-a lann . . . cruinnfeadánach, MR xiv 4 . an crios . . . cruinn-raoltannach, 8 .

With vb.: ? do tuit mac luinn Uilliam ann / do chruinniad ar gach comlann who closely embraced every conflict (?), Caithr. Thoirdh. 123.4 .

cumrae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cumrae or dil.ie/13883

 

Forms: cubrae

adj io, iā. Also cubrae. craobh chomra, LL 394.30 . fragrant, sweet-smelling; sweet . Of fruit, plants etc.: c.¤ a cocumere , O'Mulc. 259 . in aballgort chumrai, TFerbe 74 . fír-caindenn cumra, Ériu i 39 .x . in táirne cúmhra . . . ┐ in táirne fiadhain, O'D. 441 ( H 3.17, 339 ). arni cumræ, Vita Br. 34 . a[i]rnedha cubra, ZCP v 22 § 16 . draigen cubra ` sweet-smelling ', Laws iv 150.11 Comm. an tslat chumhra . . . / is í as umhla dá hubhall, DDána 52.23 . is craeb chumra cona bláth (of God), LL 36776 . craebh c[h]ubhra, IGT Metr. Faults§ 70 . Other applications: tall 'na coblid chumra `fragrant banquet', Gorm. Apr. 21 . cumra a canad, Gorm. Oct. 18 . boladh cumhra, Ezekiel vi 13 . Adv. go cumhra cliste, Keat. Poems 284 . Compar. níor chubhartha . . . mac Dáibhí i gcéill / . . . ná an siollaire `not more fragrantly', O'Gr. Cat. 583.34 .

As subst. fragrance; fragrant plant : budiu na mess cumra a cúl, LL 37758 . cainenn, humus, cumrai `sweet fruit', BCrólige 49 . ubla . . . / do cubra innsi Áduim `fragrance', Ériu iv 114.4 . amal no beidis inceissi in betha, a cubra, ┐ a fína, Laud 610, 25b cited Plummer MS. notes. mar théid cumhra tar chrann fiadháin `fragrant flower', PBocht 4.23 . ? itir ith, ┐ blicht . . . ┐ roid ┐ cumrad (sic), Laws iv 276.8 Comm.

Compd. With noun: cnuas . . . crann gcumhraifhréamh. Aithd. D. 75.44 .

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