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Your search returned 14 result(s).

ar-fen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-fen or dil.ie/4107

 

v (*ar-fen-) erects a fence before: arros-fí de chrí `he had fenced them in with clay', Ériu xviii 10 § 1 . ? daer cach dichell ar-fenar innd chun dithma (sic leg.?), Laws ii 124.1 (cf. arfeadhur in dicinn dithma, 16.20 , 18.1 ). Fig. excludes, debars: ar-fenat anfolaid flatha fuillima the disqualifications of the chief exclude (the payment of) interest, ZCP xiv 387 § 52 ( Laws ii 322 ) = arfenat anfolta flatha fuillemh .i. iterdibat a drochfolta imon flaith, O'Dav. 952 . arfen fiadhna co foltaib, 943 . arafenar .i. o cinntear no urfaemar, ut est arfen dire necalsa, O'Curry 1383 (H 3.18, 629a). ? mad deistinaib athar aon dan ara fen fergnima .i. mad ed do claind nama doruaraid ann ingen aurfaomaidsi gnīma a fir, O'Mulc. 327 , see Ériu xii 217 .

Vn. of 1 airbe.

cáttu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cáttu or dil.ie/8395
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: cátaid, cattaid, cátai

n t, m. (cáid). n s. cátaid, Aen. 812 . With f. adj. a s. cattaid moir, PH 691 . cátai móir, RC xxv 28 n.13 (see O'Brien, Celtica ii 346 ). dignity, honour, esteem; value ; sanctity (?): cataidh .i. eneaclann no uaisle, O'Cl. ro bámarni . . . co cátaid acut (Emir to Cú Chulainn), LU 3917 ( SCC 43 ). fobithin in chatudh robui forsint sabbait `on account of the honour paid to the sabbath', Mon. Tall. 156.15 . co cátu ríg `with due respect for a king', Tec. Corm. 2.20 . lat chátaid it chrí chena `with honour from thee', Metr. Dinds. iii 178.151 . glōir is cāta is caondūthracht / . . . / do Rīg nime `glory and honour', Ériu iv 120.5 . ar do cátaidh ag Dia dil / na faccaibh do mhallachtain, Anecd. ii 37 § 4 . michata cuirp, catu do anmain, Hib. Min. 41.25 . dober cátuidh da gach cloind `nobility', Fen. 240.w . gu cataidh (-igh, MS) ┐ gu n-ordan, Lism. L. 1765 . for cech noen mórfas cadus ┐ cháttaid (sic leg. for cháthaid) na hedpartu `respect and veneration for this grant', Misc. Arch. Soc. 132.4 . ro hadhnacht . . . go n-onóir, ┐ cátaidh (of nobleman), AFM iii 102.13 . cró cadat ┐ caradraidh `a covenant of honour and friendship', RC xxix 138 § 58 .

Legal: [inti] is mo cata dignity , Laws ii 280.15 Comm. ara cata[i]d, na [a] saoire, 18.15 Comm. a tesband de foltaib caich, tesbaid dia cataid, v 70.9 .i. . . . a leth eneclann uadh ar a scath, 13 Comm. ? cátaidh gach fis. Ériu xiii 52.2 = cataig caich `dignities of everyone', O'Dav. 347 . in brethem . . . a catadh . . . fo cataigh rig lais imbi i comriar, O'Curry 276 ( H 3.18, 151 ). i n-airechus ┐ foirbiata ┐ cattu, 833 ( 381 ). duine saer i n-a cataid coir ar secht cumalaib ┐ a n-a micataid ar cumail with his full legal standing(?), Laws v 392.20 Comm. bo ina cataid coir ar uingi, O'Curry 2306 ( Eg. 88, 23 (24)a ). oland in-a cataid coir `proper value', Laws v 80.25 Comm. ? To this: immarcraid catat uil aran olainn 'over-valuation (?) of the wool' Bretha 30 § 13.11 .

1 cré

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cré or dil.ie/12779

 

Forms: crieid, criad, críad, chrieid, chried, chríaid, crí, crí, c.

n d, f. a s. crieid, Ml. 85c14 . g s. criad, Wb. 4c30 . críad, LU 1429 . dissyll., Fél. Apr. 19 . d s. chrieid, Ml. 102d9 . chried, 44c1 . chríaid, SR 7683 . crí cited GOI 222 . de crí , Blathm. 90 § 1 . c.¤ f., IGT Decl. § 97 . Later indecl.

Clay, earth : inna criad gl. luti, Ml. 44c1 . inch.¤ fechtnach sin gl. limus, 81c14 . cre maeth, Trip.² 859 . ? in taulchuma .i. in chrē derg bāe sin tenid (in a smithy), Corp. Gen. 132.16 . Cf. crocán criad, O'Gr. Cat. 179.14 . airliter cumni cóich comarbai c.¤ land , LU 3474 ( SCC 25 ). grian .i. ō chri[aid] crē .i. a creta , O'Mulc. 661 . With téit: ar ndul duit i gc.¤ after dying, DDána 8.9 . dul fá chriaidh, Dánta Gr. 16.15 . Hence: a run do comoill co criaidh till death (?), BB 56b20 . ? Cf. C. . . . / coilles cludu cocriaich, Rawl. 116c35 (perh. to be read as cocriach with Corp. Gen. 9.2 ). an ráth gheal ler caitheadh c.¤ backed with earth (?), DDána 119.13 . trē mhēud na criadh, Beatha S. F. 3128 . a ch.¤ chúil (of Mary) supporting earthworks, Aithd. D. 54.2 . as ē crē chúil Ghall is Gaoidheal (of chieftain), Butler Poems 569 .

In g s. etc. as epithet of the body: corpan criad `a poor body of clay', RC xxiii 416.7 . fer cáin i curp críad gil (7 sylls.), Imr. Brain 50 . olc dūthchus na colla crīad, ACL iii 238 § 4 ( Aithd. D. 80 ). ructha dochum pardais ina corpaib criad (of Elias and Enoch), LL 36409 . fuair sidéic a síair i slánti / do chriaid fhir na báirci hí she was of the family of (?), LL 37770 ( SG 361. 40 ). an chraobh do chriaidh chumhraidhe (of Alexander), Ir. Syll. Poetry 37 § 3 .

Hence in transfd. sense the body : crín moc.¤ , Corm. 21.30 . ri roches hicriaid chain, SR 7769 . gan chrínadh criadh ná chomluth, Anecd. i 29.6 . gach ríoghradh ór chin a ch.¤ , DDána 91.4 . Note also: cre duine bad aille . . . inas `a man of fairer mould', Ann. Conn. 1228.2 .

Attrib. g s earthen : foithraicedh criadh mud bath, RC xi 30.20 . a dhúil [chriadh], PBocht 1.36 . ceard chorcán gcriadh do dhéanamh, TSh. 313 . mur . . . criadh, Hugh Roe² 172.11 . dream . . . na gcos gcriadh, Dán Dé xxix 5 .

In n. pr. Crob Criad Hand of Clay, BColm. 74.4 .

In n. loc. a cath Droma Críadh, Cóir Anm. 102 .

Compds. With nouns: cainnech mo c[h]omarci/ . . . ar caire criadbāis from mortal sin (?), ACL iii 219 § 1 . a chriadhchurpáin, Párl. na mB. 2093 . tógbad pirrél a créfhaladh bheg `earthen wall', ALC i 328.17 = crebanach, O'Gr. Cat. 8.27 . an troightheach criaidh-iarainn, TSh. 75 . inna credmaigi (a p.), Ériu ii 124 § 70 . With adj. criad-gel, Rawl. B 512, 120a1 cited Contribb. 515 (`chalk-white').

crí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. crí or dil.ie/12895
Last Revised: 2013

 

n indecl. f. i corpchrí adglain 'in very pure bodily form' Celtica xx 187 . For gender cf. isī in crī fotbrēna, ACL iii 311 § 4 (is aigi nobreána, v.l. isa cion ron brena, AFM ii 618.12 ). body, flesh , used almost exclusively in verse, in prose replaced by corp: inrí doruasat cechcri, SR 7871 . cia rosdechraig innacri distinguished them in form, 7877 . feib ro mairn a chrotha c.¤ `shapely form', Metr. Dinds. iii 450.19 . hi colla c.¤ `in carnal shape', AFM ii 616.19 . na huile anmand rothecht c.¤ ┐ bethaid, MacCarthy 50.1 . calma a c.¤ ` form ', CRR 19 . do ch.¤ churad, LL 17124 . Crist conic mo ch.¤ , 39038 ( SG 386.13 ). is let mo ch.¤ is let mo chorp, ZCP i 497.8 . cloidem orduirrn for a cri `body', Aen. 1933 . Of leaving the body, dying: ria ndul am (= óm) chri , LL 374b37 . intan noscairiub frim ch.¤ , ZCP vii 308.28 .

V. freq. with prep. IN-: a rigdorais . . . triasar chin i c.¤ / . . . Isu was born in the flesh, Ir. Lit. 96.y . Crist, ro-chés i c.¤ , Metr. Dinds. i 26.185 . ? im noin goet a chorp hi c.¤ `in the side', KMMisc. 150.50 . ? cóigear gan chreideamh i gc.¤ `in their hearts', Keat. ii 2468 . Hence i c.¤ in the flesh, alive : nifail hic.¤ . . . / acht mad inrí, SR 311 . cach lá i tú i c.¤ , LU 9957 . ní ḟail do chreitim it ch.¤ `in thy . . . lifetime', Metr. Dinds. iii 182.199 . lat chátaid it ch.¤ (chli, v.l.) chena `all thy days', 178.151 . ni thanic rí bad chommaith i c.¤ ri C., was never born, LL 6511 ( RC xxxvi 264 ).

Compd. oc clerib cridochtaib, LU 674 ( ACC 30 ).

1 crú

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 crú or dil.ie/13163
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: cru, chrúa, cro, cróu, cráu, cráo, cró, crú, crú, cró

n For inflection see Ériu xxxix 170-72 . n s. cru, Blathm. 64 . chrúa (: chúa), TBC-LL² 2949 . g s. cro, Blathm. 132 . craú, Imr. Brain § 59 . cróu, cráu, cráo ( LL 22826 ), cró, GOI 197 . a d s. crú. Later crú, cró indecl.

(a) gore, blood : crū a cruore , Corm. Y 280 . tibri derg amal c.¤ rúad, LU 3815 (SC). mo chride-se is c.¤ , TBC-LL² 3372 . cró dond glé sin samlaitir, LU 8360 ( FB 24 ). consreṅgfa c.¤ dar cranna, TBC-LL² 421 . cru for bruindibh betha (after the death of Christ), Blathm. 64 . corp do chri / roindidh hi cru roghili, 205 . im chride do ch.¤ `into my clotted heart', Ériu vi 113 § 8 `may thy blood flow into my heart', Murphy Lyrics 27.8 . focicher c.¤ tria chnessaib, TFerbe 648 . co nderna cró dia cridi, YBL 330a60 . fuil do chuirp ina c.¤ thécht, Acall. 7576 . fortach for chró blood-oath (?), Ériu xiii 29.9 . daethain do cru ingen n-ennacc, Grail 3467 . do shil c.¤ a chroidhe (of Christ), DDána 12.6 . do-rinne dom chroidhe c.¤ , Ir. Syll. Poetry 45.3 . is riot do shil c.¤ as a chroidhe (of the Cross), Dán Dé iii 14 . c.¤ re slíasdaibh eich ésgaidh, IGT Decl. ex. 1225 . Of blood of animals: c.¤ a n-airgead nó a n-each, Ériu iv 224.9 . toirthi craebh ┐ cru a n-each, Marco P. 40 . Of cut of meat: tarr loigi meich . . . airtem (a) leithet a crui iar n-airthur, dorn leithet a crai a n-iarthur `Vorderschnitt Hinterschnitt', ZCP xiv 348.2 ( Laws ii 238.14 .i. in baill ar coraiged teascad in tarra, 240.3 Comm. ) = dia cru, O'Dav. 129 . Cf. cró .i. dearg, Lec. Gl. M 138 . Stowe Gl. 278 .

Attrib. gen.: in chaep chró ┐ ḟola, LL 22827 . cichis . . . / im Māel-Coba cassil chró, Corp. Gen. 410.8 . tri chís cró (: gó), Metr. Dinds. iv 262.38 . an tsleg . . . i n-a clēith c[h]ró, ML² 1244 . a fhir chró, DDána 106.17 . iarna timarcad i llige chro, BCrólige 1 . im C.C. ina othorlige chró, LL 22085 . See cos(s)ar, gae, loimm, 1 pairt.

(b) wound : lethdire cro otrusa gac fir dia mnai 'nursing wound' BCrólige 8 § 6 . cro nuibe no nuidenais 'wound' § 7 , Ériu xxxix 173, 183-84 .

For possible compds. see 3 cró

.

do-im(m)gair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-im(m)gair or dil.ie/17861

 

Forms: do[m]rimgair-se, do-dn-imgara, -gera, -timgér, timgēra, timgart, dorimgart, dorimgair, timgartatar, domrimgartsa, timgairid, timgaire

v (* to-imb-gair-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 535 ). Ipv. 2 s. do[m]rimgair-se, LL 163b7 ( Metr. Dinds. ii 6 , cf. v 126 ). Subj. pres. 3 s. do-dn-imgara, -gera, Ériu iii 98 . Fut. 1 s. -timgér, ZCP x 45 § 5. 3 s. timgēra, Imr. Brain § 59 . Pret. and perf. 3 s. timgart, ZCP viii 309 . dorimgart, SR 3176 . dorimgair, 4950 , 6555 . 3 pl. timgartatar, FB § 56 . Pass. domrimgartsa, LU 10307 . Later as simple vb. timgairid. Vn. timgaire. Cf. do-airmgert.

(a) asks, claims: ni dhlomhann ┐ ni thiomghair .i. ni dhiultann is ní iarrann, O'Cl. , cf. Hard. ii 296 . timgart .i. rochuinnig, O'Dav. 1558 . doimgair comartha dí asks a token for herself, ZCP viii 310 . mac duine timghair aithe a mhaoeine who asks requital of his treasures (?), ZCP xii 296 . mad in flaith timgaras a biad on ceili, Laws i 186 Comm. timgéra dig, Imr. Brain i 29 . asbert M. frisseom ara timgarad a echuir he should ask for its key, 53 . co fordala | do cach óin dodnimgara let him dispense to all that ask, Ériu iii 98 . dorimgart-seom a eneclaind for Midir, Metr. Dinds. ii 4 . dorimgart Fergus a giallu, Ériu iv 24 . timgair giallae co Duball, ZCP xii 236 . doimgairett dul chuice ask that they may approach her, ACL iii 326 . dorimgart in rechtaire in claideb do reicc ris do Socht asked S. to sell him the sword, IT iii 200 . ni sinn rothimgair . . . | do chor do dindgnaib richid it was not we who demanded thy expulsion, SR 1731 . rothiomghair a breith dom thigh, BS 156 . timairgid (leg. timgairid) celebrad de M. aks leave to depart, BColm. 22 . in timgér celebrad cóir | d'innsi móir mac Miled Múaidh? shall I take leave of?, ZCP x 45 § 5 . timgartatar Ulaid celebrad, FB § 56 . burba inna fecheman timgarat inna cesta `the ignorance of the advocates who seek to solve the difficulties' (? who ask, plead the questions), Laws ii 130 Comm. muna timgartar air he unless they (debts) are demanded of him, 272 Comm.

(b) asks for, calls, summons: tria aslach . . . dorimgart 'n-a comlepaid invited (of Potiphar's wife), SR 3176 . dorimgart corp do chrí chain | in ri doridnacht talmain has asked, i.e. called (formed) a body from clay, 2019 . ind anim dorigni (Dia) dam | hé rostimgair . . . he has called (claimed), 2066 . Adam mac Dé . . . dorimgair Fíadu findnār, 4950 . aingel De thimgair cach slog who convenes (?), 3045 . timgart ind ingen (leg. in n-ingin) chucci il-ligi, ZCP viii 309 . ? is [saer] ém domrimgartsa ó Lug, LU 10307 . do-riomghart a anmchara a dhochum, Hugh Roe 262 .

(c) Doubtful cases: ri rothimgair im cach mbuaid | ro-miscnig fingail fo[r]ruaid, SR 2477 . feib rothimgair Caïn cíar | cetna fingail for Abíal perpetrated (?), 2717 . romallach Dia Chaïn cruaid | is cech oen nogeinfed uaid | he fein rothimgair co trén | triana fingail for Abél checked, punished (?), Rawl. 76a20 = BB 7b31 , Lec. 74a40 = rothimairg, LL 141b45 (perh. orig. reading; for confusion of timgair- and timairg- cf. BColm. 22.26 quoted above). rodastroeth cech n-olc . . . rosglaed cech locht . . . dosrimgair arsech cói cath punished, subdued (?), SR 6555 ; cf. also 3045 quoted above, which admits of same meaning.

1 dron

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dron or dil.ie/18803

 

adj o,ā Primary meaning solid, firm, substantial , hence fig. downright, thorough, emphatic, vigorous: d.¤ .i. daingen, LL 311b18 . d.¤ .i. direch no daingen, O'Dav. 733 . d.¤ .i. daingean, O'Cl. .i. drocht(e) nó díreach, Lec. Gl. 233 .

Of things: nosirfed in domon nd.¤ , LU 3566 ( SCC § 29 ). 'mon dorus nd.¤ , SR 4233 . triasin drummslait druin, 4277 . drochte dronai, 476 . múr d.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 256 . dún d.¤ , 226 . in derc d.¤ `the deep hole', 344 . coire d.¤ , SG 371.20 . lán secht ndabhach nd.¤ , MR 128.23 . dron-aicde, ACL iii 220.25 . dron-fhert, Metr. Dinds. iii 6 . dronmind dergóir (of bells), SR 4506 . ór d.¤ solid (?) gold, 4309 . dual dergóir druin, Fianaig. 14 § 36 . sciath d.¤ , 259.23 . arm dric d.¤ , LL 146b22 ( PRIA xix 542 ). dracon . . . d.¤ a chrí , Metr. Dinds. ii 82.34 . each dron-chara strong-haunched , TBC-I¹ 3390 . cia no[m]beth cét tengad d.¤ fri sirlabra, SR 825 . sére d.¤ strong meat (of flesh dressed as venison), 2857 . doinenn d.¤ , Acall. 675 v.l. diliu d.¤ , Rawl. 76a24 .

Transf. and fig.: ní sulbir in briathar .i. ní d.¤ gl. sermo contemptibilis, Wb. 17b4 . atberim frit aithesc nd.¤ , SR 1873 (cf. 825 quoted above). dliged ndoraid co ndronchéill `a difficult dictum with hard meaning' ( pithy?), Thes. ii 293.21 (SP ii). ar dēin co ndroncōiri a `dian'-poem with sound construction, Laws v 58.27 , cf. O'Dav. 849 . naoi mbliadhna atfes, arimh d.¤ a sound computation (?), AFM 923 (poem). tria drungo drona dagdrēcht, ZCP xii 246 § 18 . Germáin oc Tuathaib De d.¤ (epithet of the language or possibly adv.), SG 348.9 . dronchetal, ACC § 115 (`steadfast song', RC xx 282 ; resonant, forcible?). co mbad druine cech cetal in cetal sa, ib., Comm. deilm as druiniu (druine, MS.), ZCP viii 561 § 2 . co Drobáis dron-garm, LL 8b42 . drongáir na lúirech din , TBC-LL¹ 5075 ; Fianaig. 90.16 ; SG 322.12 ( ¤ghaire). Clann Colmāin do triall dronbāig in gech dāil stout fighting (?), BB 45a8 . dímus d.¤ , BColm. 78 . dronfhuirech `strong durance', Metr. Dinds. ii 26.18 . dí bliadain ceithri deich d.¤ (a mere expletive?), Arch. Hib. ii 86 § 49 . do chungid digi drune ( invigorating?), LL 34a52 ( Ériu iv 102 § 42 ).

Of persons: Dia d.¤ , SR 4049 , cf. 2409 , 7825 . in Dagda d.¤ , Ériu vii 220.29 , cf. 226.18 . Dáire dímer d.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 134 . a dalta d.¤ , LL 152b13 . cóiciur dírmach (sic leg.) d.¤ , Ériu iv 100 § 31 . cona chléir ind ḟírdhruin, Fél. Dec. 3 . for dirmaib dronaib, LL 273b11 . saer d.¤ durrtaigi (drond.¤?), Laws v 102.24 , cf. O'Dav. 733 . drongemm (of a pers.), Gorm. July 7 .

Used adverbially: file nach d.¤ dechraighfas sochur, dochur . . . who will not firmly (?) distinguish, ZCP iv 237 . d.¤ forfuirmedh `have been put firmly', Fianaig. 14 § 35 . dia mben crann co docht d.¤ frisin cnocc, SR 2003 . doní co d.¤ a drúidecht, Metr. Dinds. iii 44 .

Compds.

(a) With nouns, see exx. above.

(b) With adjj.: ¤adbul, Metr. Dinds. iii 338 . ¤ard, ii 44.32 . ¤bude, FB § 45 . ¤mas, SR 6890 . ¤oll, 343 .

(c) With adjj. derived from nouns: ¤altach with massive cliffs (?): i cind d. Deilgthen, LL 133a12 . ¤cherddach of sound craftsmanship, RC xxvi 20 § 46 . IT iii 31.17 . ? ¤chobach: pl. -chobcha (of horses), LL 189a10 . ¤chóchech strong-haunched (of a horse), FB § 50 . ¤argda of solid silver, § 45 . ¤órdae, § 50 , cf. TBC-I¹ 2331 .

fo-ruimi, -fuirmi

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fo-ruimi, -fuirmi or dil.ie/24043
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: for-r(uim)-, fo-fuirm-, fo-d-ruim, forruimi, forruibi, forrumai, -fuirmi, fosrumet, fosraemet, forroma, forruma, -fuirmema, fuireama, fuirmeba, -furmud, furruimtis, -forurmius, fomruirmius, for-uirim, forfurim, forḟuirim, forruim, forruib, -forroim, forrumai, forromair, foruirmiset, -furimar, -fuirmider, forrumither, forruimther, -fuirmithe, foruirmed, forfuirmedh, forumad, -forromadh, -forrumtha, rofurmethe, fuirmithe, fuirmiud, f.

possibly more than one verb is represented in the following citations ; some forms suggest for-r(uim)- but cf. Ériu xxxv 201 ; some are assigned by Pedersen Vgl. Gr. (ii 463 ) to for-ben. (In later MSS f is sometimes repeated in deuterotonic forms : fo-fuirm-). Ipv. 2 s. fo-d-ruim, Fianaig. 12 § 23 . pres. 3 s. forruimi, Corm. Bodl. s.v. pattu (= forruim, Corm. Y 1045 ; forruibi, Thr. Ir. Gl. 35 ). forrumai (fosrumai ?) LU 5320 . -fuirmi, Wb. 8c1 . pl. fosrumet, BDD 13 D = fosraemet Y. pres. subj. 3 s. forroma, ZCP iv 39.13 = forruma, LL 250a10 ( TBFr. § 15 ). Cf. -fuirmema, Laws v 96.28 Comm. (< B 346az = Y 202b47 ; fuireama, in the corresp. text Laws ii 348.26 Comm. is a misreading of the MS., H 3.17, c. 451z , which O'D. 597 gives as fuirmeba, but the last two letters are doubtful). past subj. 3 s. cf. -furmud, RC xi 448.78 . 3 pl. furruimtis, Thes. ii 242.5 ( Ardm. 18b1 ). pret. and perf. 1 s. -forurmius, LU 9381 . fomruirmius, Fél. Ep. 38 . 3 s. for-uirim, Ml. 2a6 . forfurim, Ériu ii 132 § 106 . forḟuirim, Alex. 262 . forruim, Thes. ii 242.8 ( Ardm. 18b1 ). forruib, Hy ii 8 . cf. -forroim, LU 5679 ( Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 463 gives this and forrumai to for-ben). With depon. ending : forromair, TBC-LL¹ 3315 . 3 pl. foruirmiset, Rawl. 142a21 . LU 6670 . Pass. pres. s. -furimar, Ériu ii 116 § 45 . pres. subj. s. ? -fuirmider, Rawl. 125b29 . cf. mad ... forrumither , Corm. Bodl. s.v. nescoit = forruimther Y. past subj. s. -fuirmithe, Corm. Y 1059 . Bodl. pret. and perf. s. foruirmed, Ml. 74c20 . forfuirmedh, Fianaig. 14 § 35 . forumad, Lism. L. p. 328.25 . -forromadh ZCP iii 459.2 . pl. -forrumtha, Ériu ii 110 § 30 . rofurmethe, BColm. 32.4 .

Part. fuirmithe. Vn. fuirmiud.

(a) sets, places, of local relations: in tan foruirim obell ... fair, Ml. 2a6 . arimbad and furruimtis a n-eclis that there they should put [i.e. build] their church Thes. ii 242.5 . immalle doaurcbad doib a cossa ┐ fosruimet lift ... set down TBC-I¹ 3312 . is tō didiu forruimi in phattu a chossa `silently does the hare put its foot down' Corm. Bodl. s.v. pattu (= Corm. Y 1045 ). furmid ... a rigthi tharis (of wrestling) TBC-LL¹ 1308 (here treated as simple vb.). forruimther a cend forsin chloich, LL 122b24 . gaibidsi a da cois co ro ḟurim a cend fon usci, 279b43 ( SG 414 ). ro fuirmed hé isin Sábraind, MacCongl. 19.10 . foruirmitís ... a tengtha dar slesa a cloideb used to lick their swordblades Alex. 660 = ro ruirmitis, BB 494a38 . forrurim a láim eter di fertais in carpait co mmebaid in carpat , LU 5065 (here the meaning `thrust' seems implied, cf. fuirmiud, d). as fora mhuinel ro fuirimh C. a lāmh AFM i 182.4 . foruirmiset ... a mind ríg for Tamun, LU 6670 . forruim imbe in cassal, Ériu ii 204 § 22 . cladair fert fuirmigter lia, 23 P 3, 22a ( O'Curry 1886 ). is i Temair. ... fo ruirmed [in chloch], ZCP xx 219.15 ( xiii 372 ) = Temair ... i forromadh, iii 459.2 . co foromad in cúach ar bélaib Cholmáin, Ériu i 46.6 . ardnem ... fora forramad cuairt ind rīchid on which ... has been set ii 110 § 28 . airm i forrumtha na noī tuirid ib. § 30 . Of planting a blow, etc. (Cf. forruim .i. ro gon, LU 457 ). ... in baill isin duiniu hi fuirmither in crēcht ... mad ind agaid ... forrumither, Corm. Bodl. s.v. nescoit ( Corm. Y 975 ). sochaide forḟuirim a buille hi ceand araile, Alex. 262 . ro fuirmeastar beim ... ar in coin, TTebe 605 . Cf. formis [fornis, fuirmis v.l.] ... béim ... do cloidhemh dó, CCath. 2063 .

Impers. constr.: do fuirim snechta foraib snow fell on them LL 287b35 (cf. ro fer snechta, in same text 287a3 ).

(b) of fig. and abstract relations confers, imposes, inflicts , with FOR of pers. or thing affected (similar in use to do-beir): huare ... foruirmed cenn forsnaib cotarsnaib ... (= have reached their climax) Ml. 74c20 . ni fuirmi nech dimiccim foir som, Wb. 8c1 . for nech ni furme dimes thou shalt not treat anyone with contempt Ériu ii 228.1 . resíu forruma bine fornn, TBFr. § 15 . día ro fuirmed recht Adomnáin for Góedelaib, LU 2257 ( FA 32 ). oc B. forurmed a forus sae for feraib H. `was enjoined on' Cáin Ad. 28 . ro furmethe grada forru-sum, BColm. 32.4 . mor do dhelbhuibh ... forruirmeth for sil nAdhaimh, Ériu ii 132 § 105 . is for in Fiachaich se foruirmiset ... in fingail committed Rawl. 142a21 (= ro fuirmiset, ZCP viii 317 ). fuirimh ... briathar ... ar Choisimnach lay a curse on C. BNnÉ 314 § 8 (cf. fuirmedh .i. abradh, O'Dav. 835 ). do fuirmedh támh forra plague came upon them AFM i 58 . in ní forsna fuirmither aigi that [loan] for which no term is fixed Laws iii 492.20 (cf. fuirmither .i. fīraemthar, O'Dav. 853 . foruimter tuinide la cétchor, 824 ). Of exchange (?): fuirimh sin samhaisg ar dhéin, Ériu xiii 25.19 = IT iii 50 (gl. tabair, O'Dav. 849 . Perh. f. here = lay down, i.e., impose, enact ). With omission of pers. affected: da fuirmett faill `if they practise deceit' [neglect ?] Fen. 148.7 . tar ēsse na hālgese forfuirmis the boon thou hast requested (forruirmis v.l.) ZCP ix 449 § 2 .

? Absol. : ó dorochair Duach ... ro fuirmiset for Eochaid Fer fuirmid .i. mac Duach .i. fer forrofuirmed, ZCP viii 303.11 (= ro firmiset Ernai ... for ..., Rawl. 147a32 ; LL 319a42 ; ro fuirimset ... for E. `abased E.' Cóir Anm. 31 . Cf. fer fora ndernadh fuirmheth .i. a lagadh ┐ a laighdugud ┐ a aimnertugud co mor ib. cf. c below). nachas fuirmeda damsa may [the combat] not be imposed on me (?) TBC-LL¹ p. 301 n. 5 . lōg enech in grāid a fuireama, Laws ii 348.26 = v 96. 28 may belong to this. Cf. go sechtmhadh fodhail fuirmither, Ériu xiii 30.27 . ... cach ferainn fuirmhither uadh tre fīrécin nō foruimenn nech ar écin, O'Curry 429 (< H 3.18, 233a ). Cf. fine ar a ḟuirmim (= fuirbim, BB 269a25 ) `on his march' as if = foraim) Leb. Cert. 38 .

(c) lays prostrate, overthrows: in Rí dorósat a chrí | ro fuirim a frithisi has brought it low Metr. Dinds. iv 242.20 (ra urim v.l.). co foraim trí coícta troch ib. 39 . co foraim bága in bile, 244.52 (furim; foraib v.l.). ? sund ro báidit ... echrad E. ... báeth in fíad rosforaim and, 182.7 . Cf. inmain uatni óir | ra ḟurmius ar áth (Cú Chulainn lamenting the death of Fer diad) TBC-LL¹ 4179 = forfuirmedh for áth TBC-I¹ 2729 .

(d) in refl. and middle constr. betakes oneself, goes (= Lat. se confert); in this sense the historic pres. is commonly used instead of pret.: fotruim [fodruim, MS.] dot daim `betake thee to thy house' Fianaig. 12 § 23 . fusrumat a n-éin [ = ind euin, 23 N 10, 62 ] remib dia ndaim tar Sliab F., LU 10567 ( IT i 136.10 ; tiaguit, Eg.). farruma do Emain TBC-I¹ 2984 . forrumai do Teumraig, ZCP iii 252 § 72 = faruim, RC xi 448.88 . farruma dano C. la cách dond oenuch LL 125bx . farumai ... co ránic Temraig, Ériu vi 149 . farrumaí immach cucu, LU 7892 ( BDD 148 ). forumai O. for a hiarair, Cymmr. xiv 104 ( Rawl. 131b25 ). fosraemet [fosrumet; tiagait v.l.] ind eoin forsin tuind, BDD 13 . farrumae Concobar ar cind Fergusa, TBC-I¹ 3579 . forrumai [ fosrumaei, TBC-I¹ 843 ] Allechtu ... co mboí forsin chorthi A. goes and perches on the pillar LU 5320 ( ZCP x 208 ). forrumaidi ... co mbui for feinnithecht, RC vi 174 v.l. 17 (-idi is prob. anaph. pron.). Cf. ro lingestar lēim ... conadh ann ro fuirmistar ar glan-aiglind scēith in churad alighted MR 234.3 = ro uirmesdair, LL 410a2 (see airmaisid). forrumai nonbor díib thoromsa ┐ Conchobar, LU 4886 . conid forruim isind tulaigh, RC x 74 n. 1 (= co ro tairis, 72z ). condfurruimset ib. n. 16 (= condaturnsad, text.

Cf. farumai co Sencha dus cia dogenad he betook himself to S. to see what he should do (?) H 3.18, 367a37 ( O'Curry 785 ); `referred it' (of a decision) Plummer, MS. notes.

frithissi

Cite this: eDIL s.v. frithissi or dil.ie/24509

 

Forms: (f)ridis(s)i, ris(s)i, rís, dorissi, dorithisi, frithisi, frithisi, ḟrithissi, dorís, aḟrithissi, arís, doridise

n later also (f)ridis(s)i, and with contraction ris(s)i, rís. a s. of fritheis < frith-éis ` return track ' (see Strachan, ACL i 230 ).

I In O.Ir. used with poss. pron. corresponding to the subject of a vb. of motion: 1 sg. co tīs ... mo f.¤ till I come back RC iii 346x ( Aisl. Óeng. p. 63 ). co ndechus mo risi TBC-I¹ 1304 (= mo rísi Eg.; dorissi LU). 2 sg. do téis dorissi thou shalt return LU 5772 (= dorisi, TBC-I¹ 1301 , dorithisi Eg.). toi ... do frithisi, LU 5667 . 3 s. m. tintaí a frithisi he returned LU 5664 . doluid in biail a rithissi ar chenn in[na] samthige, Tur. 131 . huand uair nunda bertatar co tanaic á f.¤ till it [lit. she, arca] returned Ml. 82d9 . 1 pl. ara tísam ar frithisi that we may return LU 4509 . 3 pl. a tabirt a f.¤ as in doiri their being brought back from the captivity Ml. 131c17 . Amhlaiph ┐ Imar do thuidecht a frithisi do Ath C. a Albain `A. and C. came again to Ath C. from Alba' AU 870 . conrictís a ffrissi, LU 5700 (= a frithsie Y, hi frithisi, Eg. with conf. of i n- and a n-. Cf. last cit. in II a, below).

adv II Middle Irish forms and uses.

Both do ḟrithissi (dorísi, dorís) & aḟrithissi (arísi, arís) early become petrified forms used indiscriminately without regard to number, person or gender. When f, or ff is written it is seldom certain, and in later MSS. unlikely that any specific personal form is intended by the scribe (any more than in modern times it is felt in `arís'). In consequence of the general confusion of unstressed final -e, -i the final when retained is often written -e ( doridise : glé, SR 1412 ). The original meaning of the phrase is lost sight of, and mere repetition is commonly expressed.

(a) in the reverse direction, back (to the same place), used with verbs of motion: no forcongrad furre co n[d]igsed ar cúlu doridisi cosin corp ... asar escomloi, LU 2251 ( FA 31 ). for a chulu ... ni thanic doridise, SR 2556 . toi forsna heochu ... dofrithisi turn the horses back LU 5667 . dothoet ina frithlurg afri[t]hisi i tir nU., Trip.² 412 (= convertit iter suum ad regiones U. Ardm. 5a ). dolotar ... dochum nErind doridis fora culaib, Lec. Facs. 276ra42 . tecait ... secht srotha ... dorís isin topur, Metr. Dinds. iii 288 . Similarly with other vbs. to denote a reverse process: in Rí dorósat a chrí | ro fuirim a frithisi, Metr. Dinds. iv 242 = hi f.¤ , BB 410a46 . Cf. doeth [impers.] chucai hi f.¤ TBC Eg. ( ZCP ix 148.4 = a f.¤ , TBC-I¹ 1126 , a fridisi, LU 5607 ; cf. 5700 cited at end of I).

(b) again, once more (of repetition) : dodilgfitis dō ... a chinta doridise, SR 1412 . robamar ni fecht co cátaid acut ┐ no bemmís dorisi dia mbad ail duit, LU 3917 ( SCC 43 ). nocon imbēra som for Ultu a cles sin dorísse, LU 5136 (doríisi Y doridisi Eg.). dosrimchell aridisi fa thrí in cruth sin, 6511 . samail in catha catharda ro gníead etir M. & S. do gnim doridisi, CCath. 912 . co ro hathcumdaiged Hierusalem ... doridise les, Lec. Facs. 25vb38 = co ro chumtaiged ... aridisi, Rawl. 74a10 .

(c) again i.e. subsequently, afterwards: conid uaithib sin rogeineastair tri saerclanda Erind doridisi (after they had been nearly exterminated), Lec. Facs. 186ra21 . doriṅgni in tres gním isin bliadain ar cind doris, TBC-LL¹ 1069 . dorinneth Papa ... don treas Bonefacius ... don cethrumad Bonefacius aris, ZCP xiii 184.18 . gach ní atchluinim ... fá bhfuighinn guais ... arís anything ... which might be dangerous to me afterwards Dán Dé ix 6 .

Passing into sense in addition: tri bliadnai xxx tri mís ┐ ix lathi dorís ... soegal Meic De, LB 146 marg. inf. Cf. is mór a lobra ... Mad a máthair ... is lobru sidi doridisi she is even feebler (than her daughter) Trip.² 269 .

With added implication of in return, in requital: romarb Aed Sláini Suibne, ro fhácaib sen mac .i. Conall ... conad é sin romarb Aed S. doridisi, SG 75.2 = YBL 171b44 . marbaid side a brathair ... ┐ romarb a mac side doridhise (i.e. his brother's son killed him) Lec. 36b40 .

grian

Cite this: eDIL s.v. grian or dil.ie/26629

 

n o, m.? n.? disyll. in O.I.

I gravel, sand, sea or river bottom: grían .i. grinneall mara, locha no abhann, O'Cl. ruidfes grian `der Sand sich röthen wird,' TBC-LL¹ 4978 . is gat im ganem ná im grían, 4057 . doficfad (leg. dobicfat) Ulaid asa nōeindin ┐ cotemelad (leg. cotobmélat) ar mur ┐ grīan, TBC-I¹ 1077 . is amlaid cotomélani (leg. cotonmélani) in fer sin a óenur ar úir ┐ grían that man ... will grind us to mould and gravel, LU 8700 ( FB 52 ). fodeice sís, ba buan a chis, grian an mara, Anecd. i 65 § 133 . cor bo réill in grian ┐ in gainem in mara trit, RC x 54.5 . alainn do grian fad glanloch, KMMisc. 314.8 . slebe gainme ┐ grian it e guirt(h)e in ogh, Ériu ii 120 § 58 . gainem a grīan `its soil is sand,' MacCongl. 17.1 . os grian mara mongairtrein, RC xiv 62.14 . deotar itir uir ocus griaun (v.l. grian), Anecd. ii 59.12 . itir ur ┐ grioan (v.l. grian) `among mould and gravel,' RC xii 86 § 92 . ro eirigh don grían go hairm i mbádar (of a drowned body) `it rose from the bed of the river,' BNnÉ 295 § 23 . srotha nofheas adosnai |i ngrian na haoi nī hosgar (.i. ar grindel na eladhan), ZCP v 488 § 9 (B. na Filed). roscáich cach cert co grian has gone to the bottom, Metr. Dinds. i 28.6 . ceatha ... do loim-ghriana luaithreadha `showers of the bare soil of dust,' Todd Lect. iv 74.28 ( CRR² 23 ). co griantracht an tobair to the gravelly brink of the well, Acall. 2331 . grian .i. ō chri[aid.] crē .i. a creta , O'Mulc. 661 . Grian Glinne hUi .i. uighi cerc, O'Dav. 1058 = Hib. Min. 47.11 . go bhfuaduighthear go grian ┐ go grinneall an ghruaim-thighe sin iad, TSh. 6645.

II Fig. basis, foundation: ocht n-airic[h] go ngolaige | rongléat go grīan | na hocht trátha toghaide | dia ndíchar co dīan, ZCP vi 271 § 1 . breitheamhnas díreach doibh soin (i.e. of words with various meanings) | go grian a bhfis ní féadair `their fundamental meaning,' Content. v 43 . éisdeacht do neach dobadh ciall | re glór nach ró a fhios go grian, ib. xviii 91 . grian ar bhfis is dál domhain `the bottom of my knowledge is a deep thing,' ib. xxiv 6 .

III earth, land (held by an individual): fail folach ós grían `there is a hiding-place above ground,' Metr. Dinds. iii 140.1 . Ríí Caisil tra doratt fond ┐ grían doib hi tōib Aurchuind, ZCP viii 308.29 . a grian techta do sannad `to alienate from him his lawful land,' Laws v 436.x . na fuil ar griun duine airithi, iii 384.15 Comm. an deoraid bis for griun no for snada, v 364.y Comm. fer grin .i. gradh flatha `an original landowner' (lit. a man of land), v 184.15 Comm. fuidir griain, Ir. Recht 65 - 6 , 75 . is leo grian na cille, Rawl. 118b30 . fine grin the original tribe of the land, O'Don. Supp. the global family: muna tainic damna apaidh dfine erlomha ... no griain, Laws iii 72.x Comm. dfine grin `to the tribe to whom the land belongs,' ib. 72.16 Comm. fine in urruidh ar a taitt griun `on whose land they are,' ii 180.2 Comm. conid sīatt is fine griein (sic leg.) ac Laind ōsin alle the glebal family, BColm. 38.2 . la Colmān hī sein ō griun co nem `from ground to sky,' ib. 66.2 . grían .i. fearann, O'Cl. do dhermaid siad ... | a ngrian chatha a gclesa lúith `they have forgotten their battle-ground,' O'Gr. Cat. 472.20 . da bfághlaim a ngrían gach gleóidh, in every battle-field, Rel. Celt. ii 226.18 .

IV the bare surface (of the human skin): léne ... sídaide ... ré grían a geilchnis, Fianaig. 84.25 . docuir sé leíne sroill ... re grian a geilchnis, RC x 188.10 .

lesaigidir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lesaigidir or dil.ie/30002

 

Forms: lesugud, lesaigthe

v (1 les) In Mod Ir. texts sometimes also with palatal -s-. Used to express a wide range of beneficial or remedial action.

(a) is of benefit to, improves : ni bi cor nechtar da lina sech araile inge curu lesaigter a cumt[h]us `die ihre Gemeinschaftlichkeit fördern (ihr nützlich sind)', Stud. in E. Ir. Law 19.2 . dechmo-lesaidter eclais ┐ anmanda, Laws iii 38.10 . . . . lesaighes mh' ecclas immedhón ┐ anechtair, BNnÉ 128.6 . ro lessaig in tir tuaith, RC xx 170 § 28 (ACC Comm.). conid sé dororainn in chill .i. Raithin, ┐ ro ceachlaid a clod ┐ roleasaig cepaigh Cusantin `bettered,' Fél. 92.30 .

(b) remedies, repairs, makes good ; leiseóchar co dingbāla na díghbāla `any damage shall be suitably made good', Fianaig. 72.17 . ni fétar in chned . . . do lesugud . . . no co lesáigther (sic) a tanic esti d'ulc, PH 7646 . da mhéd do-genta do Dia nach leiseocha ris a fuair se do cumgach . . . , Smaointe B. Chr. 527 . mana lesaighedh A. re G. a easonoir `unless A. should atone for his insult to G.', Fier. 184 . nir lesaigh slicht Seain . . . na crecha ris an termann, L. Chl. S. 28 . do leasaigh an lámh do luit / críoch L.¤ `repaired', TD 32.78 . leasuigh clú do chumhthaigh `try to patch up the damaged fame of your companion', Content. xxiv 24. In moral sense, amends, corrects : lessaiged anmain `let him improve his soul', Tec. Corm. § 1.42 . níros lesaigset ┐ níros cairgetár imó pecdaib, LU 2208 ( FA 28 ). leasaigheadh tríun .i. na boicht do neartughadh in a gcúiseannaibh, O'Cl. lesaigit a n-ulcu . . . tria sualchib, LU 2383 . uair nach cumaing áine . . . do dénam . . . co ro lessaige tri almsanuib na peccaid nách lessaig tria áine, PH 4991 . no llesaig . . . a chain-duthracht in nech ic nach fil almsa, 4973 . muna leigister ( ? leg. leisigther) le sgiursi Dia abus tu daimeontur tall, Smaointe B. Chr. 926 . cuirthear . . . as an órd . . . na dáoine dosmachtaighthe . . . muna leasaighid íad féin, Rial. S.F. 533 . leasuighid bhur slighthe `amend', Jeremiah xxvi 13 . lé fírinne leasuighthear an éagcóir `iniquity is purged', Proverbs xvi 6.

(c) tends, looks after, rears (children, the sick, etc.): cia rot-lessaig Midir mín / sunn for messair macc [na] ríg, Ériu vii 225 § 44 . cométam in mac, dús in lessaigfe in cerd é, ZCP xii 273.25 ( LL 14630 ). lessaigfid mo chrí / in saer-denmaid domrigní will look after, SR 2059 . do lesuighedh go maith le Meidhbh iad iar sin, no gurbo hionghníomha iad, Comp. CC 72.17 . ticeth . . . in ingin cach dia d ḟolccath dó ┐ do thinme a chota, ┐ ro (leg. ra) lessaig ind ingean commór, IT i 125.23 ( TE 11 ). is iat ros lessaig co nerbailt, LL 1664 . is he Cormac roleasaich galar Aengusa, Irish Texts iii 7.27 . uch, uch, is mairg do lesaigh lé hiomad sóigh an corpan sin doibh, RC xxiii 10.13 . no lesaiged na caerchu, Three Hom. 58.14 . in maith lesaiges inn óg in áirge?, 60.z .

(d) provides for(?): nolesaigfed leth in domain tech dia thaigib, Metr. Dinds. iv 108.10 . conad de nolesaighdis na manaig na háighidh (of a tree), Lism. L. 2679. Cf. is cingit an liach dia lessaigther in laec[h]biad is served(?), O'Mulc. 768.

(e) Of objects, literary works, etc. preserves, cherishes; perh. also improves, embellishes: fo glere ros lessaig Dia / for slessaib slebi Armenia (of the Ark), SR 2603 . iss é ro scrib ┐ ro lesaig na scela so, LU 2315 . toradh in mara .i. lesaigther fri salann `which is cured with salt', BCrólige 25 n. 4 . ro leasuighset a corp an ccein ro batar for muir, co ro adhnaicsiot ieromh, Leb. Gab.(i) 250.5 . cid maith in senchas forstú / ní leasaigther la Laigniu / ní coimétar la Leath Cuinn `is not cherished . . . is not preserved', Leb. Cert.² 280 . leasaiged Sealbach in saí / . . . / sochar Muman . . . / amal forácaib Benén, 307 . lessaig mo laid im lige `preserve my lay when I lie low', Metr. Dinds. iv 334.85 . in berla . . . ro leasoig Gaoidel glanglic, Auraic. 2288 . ar a mhed do filidecht ┐ do bhreathemnus ┐ do leighend do leasaig, 2634 . rath . . . for cach n-ōen not légfa ┐ not lessaigfed `who would read it and preserve it' (of the Aislinge), MacCongl. 109.13 . Leacan Meic Fhirbhisigh . . . baile ar leasaighiodh lebhair airision, Hy Fiach. 166.21 . is é an tógláchso do leasaigh ┐ d'fhaisnéis a n-imtheachta, Atlantis iv 142.30 . dia mbed tiruairsi de lessaigter co leir let them be carefully preserved (of the Passover lamb), BB 240a31 . leasaighthear libh léine an ríogh / a bhantracht, Aithd. D. 3.1 . imidh ┐ leasaigh mo theach fēin, atá dā sgrios, Beatha S. F. 297 . sé blíadhna leiseóchus tú th'fíneamhuin thou shalt prune, Levit. xxv 3. do leasuigh . . . an seingheata repaired, Nehemiah iii 6. Vn. lesugud. Part. lesaigthe.

scaraid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. scaraid or dil.ie/36327
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: scart, roscéaraidh, scarad, scarthain

v ā, Usually with ē-fut. in Mid.Ir. ( noscairiub, Ml. 43a23 , see GOI § 651 ). A t-pret. occurs in: ro scart , TBC-LL¹ 948 , 1382 (see under (g) infra). In Ó Bruad. also with stem scéar-: rear scéar, Ó Bruad. ii 32.4 . roscéaraidh (: fhoscéalaibh), 140.10 . re ar scéaradh, 198.23 . IGT Verbs § 28 . Vn. scarad, scarthain.

I Trans.

(a) separates, parts : bendacht for ríg na nhuile | ron scar, a c[h]naim senbuide (to a tooth), Trip.² 1625 . scérthar a leccni, benfader a fhiacla as a chind, PH 1118 (will be destroyed? Cf. (g) infra).

(b) most commonly in phr. s.¤ x fri y separates, severs x from y: noeb is núibhuaga . . . | scérdair frisin slóg i mmaig | bertair isin morchathraig, SR 443 = scerthair, MacCarthy 40.14 . ni sinn rotscar frit sluagu, SR 1735 . scéraidh soin rígh re ríghain, IGT Verbs ex. 292 . Of the separation of body and soul: anim Patraicc fria chorp | is iar sáethaib roscarad, Hy. ii 63 . bātar tra demain ┐ aingil ic imchosnum 'mon anum ō do scarsat frisin corp hé, ACL iii 226.9 .

(c) in same construction deprives of, cuts off from, relieves of: níb scara fri bar pecthu `(your faith) . . . doth not sever you from your sins', Wb. 13b19 . fear ris ro scara a cond ┐ fer ro scara frisin domun, Laws v 234.22 . ro scar fria náire is fria nert | dag-mnái Dáire deprived of her modesty, Metr. Dinds. iii 134.11 . cia rét . . . non-scérad fri grád Crist? in ron-scérai tréblait? PH 5873 . ba lor leis do biudh inní no scaradh fri accurus as much as would keep him from hunger, CCath. 1183 . conid hí ind fingal sain ro scar rīgi nÉirenn fri claind Echach D., ZCP viii 317.14 . Dia sgéarus inn ris gach n-olc, Dán Dé xxvii 27 . go sgarfadh an Fhiann leis a cheann would have cut off his head, Oss. iv 82.4 . do scar in cloidemh na deich ndeslámha fiched riu cut off, Comp. CC 113.29 . s.¤ láma fri: atiur-sa brethir . . . na scér-sa lama riu ca slaide ┐ ic a n-essargain I will be unremitting in my attacks on them, TBC-LL¹ 4450 . cona ro scar lāmha fris go ro eidirdelaigh a cenn rea chúilmēidhe, ZCP xiv 232.12 .

(d) with other prepp.: cip e . . . ingaibes na huli ulcu-sa . . . scerthar . . . o phéin na híttad, PH 5624 . scarthais Día dá cech dis daibh | forba (sic leg.) saethair na sen-náeimh withheld from each pair of them, BNnÉ 97.1 . marbhaid an t-anam do bhríogh go sgarthar leó ó Dhia é because it is taken from them by God, TSh. 1486 .

(e) with cognate accus.: nib [ṡ]ursan sccaradh sccarmait, BNnÉ 313 § 5 .

(f) spreads out, unfolds : scarais iarum a forbrat | i taig, glossed .i. scailis `spread', Hy. v 34 . a Brigit scar ós mo chind | do bratt find dom anacul, LL 308a48 ( SG 389.16 ). scar dam . . . forgemen mo charpait fóm, TBC-LL¹ 3285 . scarais .i. sgaoilis no sreathnaighis, O'Cl. iss ed ro-da-scara in scél 'this is the story that demonstrates it' Ériu xx 196 § 19 .

(g) in sense of do-scara destroys, knocks down :? scarais a hech cenn abréit (`severed'), Hy. v 55 (see note). sruth aile .i. donither isin sruth .i. scara[s] sruth destroys, Laws v 270.25 Comm. (cf. trascrus, ib.). scarais coica rígmac im thalmain díb foe, TBC-LL¹ 920 (trasgrais, v.l.). co ro scart maccu na curad . . . ar dorus a llis, 948 . Cf. mac bec . . . bar ro scart na curaid, 1382 (.i. ro trascair, St.).

II Intrans.

(a) separates, parts : in tan scermait when we shall part, Trip.² 811 . co ro scarsatar fo osadh, AU i 508.x . scarait . . . oc Beluch da Liac, LU 2936 . scérdait far n-óendili i fat, TBC-LL¹ 2796 . o chonrāngatar . . . | nī scērat is nī scarfat, RC xxxvii 348 § 73 . o scerait, ┐ o na biat imale (landlord and tenant), Laws iii 144.8 Comm . ro badh ferr linn na sccarmais, BNnÉ 313 § 5 .

(b) departs, vanishes, is dissipated : atbathsat slúaig síde Truim | ro scarsatar a morgluind no longer do they perform great deeds, LU 3569 ( SCC 29 ). ar na scarait (sic leg.) trí haige bruithi and that it be never without three boiled joints, Laws i 48.2 Comm . an lá sgéaras Dia fa dhiomdhaidh when God departs (`when God . . . separates us'), Dán Dé xii 7 . an uair ghébhas [bás] do chomarba . . . ní scéra cen anmchairdes fair he will not depart (this life), BNnÉ 14.8 . Note also: ni scel do scar gan dogra was disseminated, Irish Texts ii 58 § 13 .

Of contracts, agreements, lapses : ō ro scarsatar ar cuir 'since our agreements have lapsed', SR (Adam and Eve) 72.1725 .

(c) In phr.: s.¤ x fri y x separates, parts from y: na scarad frisin fer, Wb. 10a3 . roscarsam frib, 24d26 . ba méite limm ni scartha friumm, 29d8 . arna rascra a menme contra (= fri) deum, Thes. ii 253.7 (Stowe M.). ro scarus-[s]a rut is rot' chlaind, SR 2031 . nomad loighi na con in gach cuilen dia cuilena, no in cait, co ro scarsat riu, ┐ o scerait, is smacht unnta, Laws iii 378.26 Comm . sochaide scaras fria choemu, TBC-LL¹ 195 . ni scér-sa frib-si, 1140 . scerdait a óicc fria tairsech, Three Hom. 110.20 . sgéarad . . . rem chloinn, DDána 57.23 . bidh anos sccérfus do spiorat red chorp, BNnÉ 56 § 61 . ag Cairbre L. trá scaraid Oirghialla . . . ré clannaibh Néill branch off from (in genealogy), Keat. ii 5546 .

(d) in same construction relinquishes, gives up, is without, desists from: in tan noscairiub frisna huili deithidnea, Ml. 43a23 . in corp marbde frissa roscar-som, Wb. 3a14 . noscarinn friu gl. detrimenta, 24a4 . marudscarsid fri tola, 27a30 . ro-scarsat friae (fidem), 28a20 . roscarsat fri hiriss, 29b22 . in tain scaras fria thola, Thes. ii 247.7 (Cambr.). 18 . ro scar fri féle, SR 3216 . indid F. . . . | roscar fri míadh Cluana móir?, AU i 442.19 . scérait fri airfitiud in domain seo, LU 2402 . in tan no scairiub frim chrí when I die, ZCP vii 308.26 . dia ro scardais fria cloissin if they ceased to hear it, Ériu ii 128 § 96 . ní scarat mná re baoís, iii 148 § 3 . Dún Tulcha . . . | ní scéra re deg-seanchaid will never be without a good storyteller, iv 150.z . nir scara (ní scere, v.l.) fri hordan n-old mayst thou never lose, IT iii 16 § 41 = Bruchst. i § 16 . do sgar sé re meanmain móir | . . . | do bhí go dearóil dá deoin, Dán Dé ii 14 . roscair si friom oirchisecht (: ro-chair) she has ceased to pity me, BS 54.12 .

Note also: doscar saerbrigh re cach clainn strength has departed from every tribe, MacCarthy 426 § 6 . go scar lán rem lámhuibh-si `until fulness leaves my hands' (i.e. till my hands are empty), Ériu ix 165.z . nocha sgéra brígh an bennaicht | re síl Énna, IGT Decl. ex. 847 .

(e) with ó: ro scaradar fir Érenn ó Themraigh ┐ ó chéili, Comp. CC 114.19 .

(f) with OCUS: da scaraind gan troit is tú if you and I should part without conflict, TBC-LL¹ 3679 . gar sgar mé is mhac M., Aithd. D. 10.36 . ní sgéar ┐ Muire mhór, Dán Dé xxvii 34 . do Chinél A. . . . | dobhér uaim uille airmhe, | sgeurad sa[n] dream . . . | is bérad leam Laoghaire (a poet recounting a genealogy), Irish Texts iv 51 § 18 . cionnus scerfaimne ┐ iadsomh fri a roile, Leb. Gab.(i) 198.15 . Note also: o'n lá thuit C. . . . | níor sgarais ó shoin acht ar ár dtí thou hast never ceased to pursue us, Oss. vi 12.23 .

Part. brat scartha, Laws iv 184.12 . a anom ┐ a chorp . . . sgartha ré 'roile, Desid. 6241 . air na mbeith sgartha o bheatha Dé, Donlevy xxiv 28 .

sroigligid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sroigligid or dil.ie/38828

 

x = sroiglid: cor shróiglidset co mor in tíí doroine in michelmaine, LB 153a13 . hi teirt sraigliset do chrí , KMMisc. 148.11 v.l. (roaigligset `accused', text).

ucse

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ucse or dil.ie/42884

 

n wish : mo theora ucse (v.l. ucsi) forsin Ríg | in tan noscairiub frim chrí `wishes,' Ériu vi 116 § 1 . Cf. ib. § 2 ( ZCP vii 308 ). Cf. ní ail aicsu (MS aucsu with i written over first u) forsani nothechti `it is not proper to wish for what thou hast,' Sg. 148a9 . If these are the same word we have here n p. of aicsu (vn. of ad-gúisi).

Cf. ugsa.