Search Results

Your search returned 32 result(s).

? 2 asc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? 2 asc or dil.ie/4389

 

n gá tábhacht d'fhear gach flathas faillighe fiar / 's gach árs gan a.¤ dár cheap an gartghaois grian ? `all arts ingenious by inventive wit devised', Ó Bruad. ii 32 ii . aghaidh ionnfhuar giodh im iomdhaigh / a.¤ im chodla ó chuairt an fhir `fear of his visit impedeth my sleep', 40 § vi .

? banchola

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? banchola or dil.ie/5334

 

n (? compd. of 1 ben) glossing messe (`phantoms', Meyer, Misc. Hib. 19 § 1 ) in: nim choillet messe fom chuairt i llurig lasrien, IT iii 53.13 .

1 bath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bath or dil.ie/5490
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: baath, báth, baath

n [o, n.]. Also baath, báth. See GOI § 704 , § 728 (vn. of *ba-, Meyer, Wortk. 182 , a secondary formation based on pret. Ériu xxxiv 117 , GOI § 728 ) death: athabae quasi b.¤ .i. bās, Corm. Y 63 . bōbaith .i. bō-b.¤ ┐ b.¤ bās. Is ē in bōar, 135 . baath, RC xx 170 § 31. dibadh ┐ b.¤ na menn / ba ┐ temel . . . / ag sloinned ega gan feall, Metr. Gl. 3.3 . dibad ┐ b.¤ ┐ baa ┐ bú ┐ cel ┐ bas ┐ macht ┐ ort ┐ teme de nomina mortis, n.2 . b.¤ ┐ ort marbadh fer, 13 § 25. In gl. on re chuairt duinebad: baad eipiltin ar na daini . . . amhuil ro bui in Buide Connaill no in mortlac muintire Partolain .i. amhuil gorta . . . .i. díbadh na ndaine, Laws i 50.16 Comm. co na bi baad d'eipiltin ar na dainib, iii 14.6 Comm. , cf. badad, 12.32 Comm. O'Dav. 136. dosbér uili i mbas i mb.¤ , SR 2431. ro fersat cath . . . / cen b.¤ ar fut na haidche, 3048 . secht n-athni dar Éirinn / bat ile [a] batha, ZCP x 343.18 . tiag-sa for cath cói / mór bas b.¤ dom ré `great will be the end to my life', PRIA xix 538 § 32 ( LU 9956 ). fer líath rogoin rogonar / rodaim do b.¤ co mbi toll death (?), Fianaig. 24.16 . suan re bás bricht-bodba (sic leg.); beg bríga bebsat bi b.¤ midlách, MR 170.8 . destruction: ag cur bháth ar mhór-bhailtibh, GJ iv 15.13 . ? foimned dīgal dōen dognī / inat aingil ita b.¤ (: rath) (aingil a digb., v.l.), ZCP vii 312 § 27.

In compd.: teora blīadna īarum cen meth / hi Cnámross bied ríghbath, ZCP xiii 377.9 .

beirid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. beirid or dil.ie/5583
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: biru, -biur, biri, berid, -beir, -ber, berthi, beirthi, berthus, rom-beir, beres, berma, -berid, berit, berait, -berat, bertit, bertae, berda, -bered, -bertis, biur-sa, ber, beir, -bered, beram, beirith, -berae, -bera, -bere, beraid, -bera, -berat, berte, -berinn, -berad, -mbérthai, -bertais, -bēr, -bér, béra, bera, -béra, beraid, -bera, bæras, béras, -béram, -berum, berait, bērtait, bérait, béraitt, -berat, -mbérat, mbértæ, -bertha-su, no berad, -berad, -bermáis, -bértais, -mbértaís, -bertais, -berdais, birt, bert, -mbert, -bert, -breth, berte, ra bertatar, bertar, -bertatar, bertatar, ṁbertatar, berir, berair, -berar, berar, berair, bertair, berdair, bertar, bertis, berar, -berar, berthir, berthair, -berthar, -bertar, -berar, berthe, bérthair, berthair, bért[h]ar, bérthar, -bértar, bértha, brethae, breatha, -breth, -rucaim-se, -rucaim, ro-ucca, -rucai, -rúgat, -rucat, -rucad, -ructais, -rucca, -ruccæ, rucus, rucainn, uiccius, roúcos, ucus, rucus, rucais, ro-sn-uicc, uic, ro-ucc, rá-uc, ro-da-ucai, rofuc, rohuicc, -ruc, roucsaid, ra-ucsat, -rucsat, rota-thuigsead, ruucthar, -ructhar, -ructar, -ructhae, -rructhae, -ructais, -ruccfaither, -rucfaiter, ro-n-ucad, rohucad, rucad, uctha, ructha, ructa, brith, berim, -berai, beiridh, -berend, bermait, -berad, -bertís, -berear, bheire, -beraind, mbeirt[h]ea, berait(se, bérat-sa, béar, -berair, béaraidh, bermuid, bertus, bertis, ro-das-beir, beiris, bertsat, -berair, -beirthir, -bearar, béarthar, ruc-, -rucur, rucus, -rugus, rucais, ruc, ruc, rugsamar, -rucamur, rucabhar, rucadur, rucad, -ruccad, rucait, rugaid, biriu, berti

v see GOI 353 , 358 , 360 ; KZ xliv 113 - 114 . Also IGT Verbs § 13 for forms in bardic verse, and Aithd. D. ii Vocab. s.v. beirim .

The perfective forms are supplied by ro-ucc-. The O.Ir. t-pret. is often replaced in mid. Ir. by an s-pret. as well as by mixed forms of t- and s-prets. Later the perfective form ruc- (also in some contexts tuc-, e.g. TBC-LL¹ 2935 v.l.) completely replaces preterite forms as a past tense. For exx. of conj. forms see also as-beir and do-beir.

Indic. pres. 1 s. biru, RC x 88.2 (see KZ xliv 114 ), Anecd. iii 28.15 . -biur, TBFr. 131. 2 s. biri, Ériu xii 135.7 . 3 s. berid, Wb. 6a13 , 29b9 , TBC-LL¹ 1271. -beir, Wb. 6c9 , -ber, Ml. 86d16 (but see CMCS xiii 1 ). (With suff. pron.) berthi, Wb. 23a19 . beirthi, Ml. 42b7 . berthus, Mon. Tall. 158.6 . (With ro) rom-beir `can bring', 148.13 . Rel. beres, Ml. 27c1 , LU 3776 ( SCC 34 ). 1 pl. berma, ZCP iii 222.13 , TBC-LL¹ 477. 2 pl. -berid, Wb. 9d15 . 3 pl. berit, Wb. 18c10 . berait, TTr. 1599. -berat, Wb. 28d26 . Ml. 103b16 . (With suff. pron.) bertit, Wb. 13a16 . Rel. bertae, Ml. 63c18 . berda, Laws v 198.2 .

Indic. impf. 3 s. -bered, Thes. i 494.28 , TBC-LL¹ 403 , Ériu ii 222.24 (sic leg.). 3 pl. -bertis, ZCP iii 204.1 ( LU 9568 ).

Ipv. 1 s. biur-sa, Metr. Dinds. iii 210.18 (cf. Ériu xvi 76.25 ). 2 s. ber, Ml. 38c28 , TBC-I¹ 450. beir, Thes. ii 310.30 , Fing. R. 722. 3 s. -bered, TBC-LL¹ 5962. 1 pl. beram, SR 2744. 2 pl. beirith, Blathm. 99 § 29.

Subj. pres. 2 s. -berae, Ml. 74d13 , 94a1 . -bera, Thes. ii 296.6 . -bere, ZCP viii 310.19 . 3 s. beraid, Ml. 37a9 . -bera, 43a2 , ZCP vii 308.29 , TBC-LL¹ 5963. 3 pl. -berat, Ml. 54a28 . Rel. berte, Wb. 9c12 . Impf. 1 s. -berinn, Wb. 10d36 . 3 s. -berad, TBC-I¹ 1337 , Ériu ii 196 § 11 , TBC-LL¹ 2488. 2 pl. -mbérthai (sic), LL 8051 ( TBC-LL¹ 595 ). 3 pl. -bertais, TBC-LL¹ 4340.

Fut. 1 s. -bēr, TBC-I¹ 1284 , -bér, BDD² 69. 2 s. béra, TBC-LL¹ 3689. bera, ZCP vii 308.10 . -béra, RC xxiv 198.5 . 3 s. beraid, Ml. 37a9 , TBC-LL¹ 1266. -bera, Wb. 1a8 . Rel. bæras, Ml. 94b7 . béras, TBC-LL¹ 3484. 1 pl. -béram, Wb. 29b15 . -berum, PH 608. 3 pl. berait, Sc.M² 4R. (With suff. pron.) bērtait, 4 . bérait, TBC-LL¹ 5773. béraitt, BS 94.25 . -berat, Ml. 54a26 . -mbérat, TBC-LL¹ 144. Rel. mbértæ, BDD² 548 , MU² 930. Condit. 2 s. -bertha-su, TBC-LL¹ 1047. 3 s. no berad, TBC-I¹ 1336 , PH 906. -berad, TBC-LL¹ 4300. 1 pl. -bermáis, TBC-LL¹ 1051. 3 pl. -bértais, Ml. 124b6 . -mbértaís, TBC-LL¹ 3616. -bertais, PH 599. -berdais, 611 .

Pret. 3 s. birt, Thes. ii 242.17 , ZCP viii 309.11 , RC xi 446. 11 , LU 10611. bert, 3160 , Metr. Dinds. iii 88.11 , SG 187.31 . -mbert, Sc.M² 10.8 . -bert, LU 10601. With pass. form -breth, Metr. Dinds. iv 232.19 . Rel. berte, Fianaig. 28.2 . 3 pl. ra bertatar, TBC-LL¹ 2875. Rel. bertar, Ml. 127d6 . -bertatar, 82d9 , bertatar, Corm. Y 1059 (91.7) . ṁbertatar, Tur. 130.

Pass. indic. pres. s. berir, Wb. 12d38 , 23c11 , 29a28 . berair, ACL iii 309.19 , TBC-LL¹ 2041 , LL 31255. -berar, Mon. Tall. 164.21 , Laws iv 62.17 , RC xxiv 182.21 . Rel. berar, Wb. 16d7 . Mon. Tall. 154.28 . berair, 155.23 . 3 pl. bertair, Ml. 26c6 , BDD² 212 , TBC-LL¹ 4722 , berdair, 4718 . Rel. bertar, Wb. 25c23 . Impf. 3 pl. no bertis , Wb. 16d4 . Ipv. s. berar, Wb. 7b4 , TBC-LL¹ 1643. -berar, Wb. 27a24 . Subj. pres. s. berthir, Wb. 27d13 . berthair, Ml. 37a8 . -berthar, 134c6 ; Fél.² Prol. 3. ? -bertar, LU 3295 ( SCC 9 ). -berar, PH 7563. Impf. s. no berthe , ZCP viii 309.15 . Fut. s. bérthair, BDD² 570. berthair, TBC-LL¹ 110. bért[h]ar, ZCP viii 212.13 . Rel. bérthar, Wb. 12d27 . Pl. -bértar, Wb. 15a3 . Condit. s. no bértha , TBC-LL¹ 1611. Pret. s. brethae, Ml. 52. breatha, BDD² 98. -breth, ZCP viii 309.24 .

Perfective forms. Indic. pres. 1 s. -rucaim-se, LU 5755 (= TBC-I¹ 1283 ). -rucaim, ZCP xiii 179.11 . 3 s. ro-ucca, Laws iv 176.1 . -rucai (racu, MS.), Críth G. 601. 3 pl. -rúgat, Ml. 75b3 . -rucat, 87c3 . Impf. 3 s. -rucad, BDD² 301. 3 pl. -ructais, ib. Subj. pres. 3 s. -rucca, Wb. 12c32 . -ruccæ, Mon. Tall. 154.8 . Rel. rucus, Ériu v 128 § 35. Impf. 1 s. do rucainn , Feis Tighe Chonáin 395. Perf. 1 s. ro uiccius , Wb. 9b6 . ? roúcos, LU 869. ron-ucus , BDD² 217. rucus, ZCP xv 307 § 2 (Caratnia). 2 s. rucais, LU 8246 ( FB 19 ). 3 s. ro-sn-uicc, Wb. 5b3 , ro uic , 27a22 . ro-ucc, Ml. 63c18 , rá-uc, 45a1 . ro-da-ucai, 46a19 . rofuc, Ériu v 36.30 . rohuicc, Fianaig. 12.12 . -ruc, MU² 953. 2 pl. roucsaid, LU 9205 ( FB 93 ). 3 pl. ra-ucsat, Wb. 26b11 . -rucsat, Ml. 23b5 ; 54d16 . rota-thuigsead (-huicset, v.l.), BDD² 200 - 1 . Pass. Indic. pres. s. ruucthar, Ml. 35b10 . -ructhar (perh. subj.), Ériu i 202.4 . Subj. pres. pl. -ructar, TBC-I¹ 1129. Impf. s. -ructhae, Ml. 104a8 . -rructhae, Thes. ii 241.9 . pl. -ructais, Ml. 125b7 . Fut. s. -ruccfaither ( rucfaider, LU 5395 ), TBC-I¹ 918. pl. -rucfaiter, 921 . Perf. s. ro-n-ucad, Ml. 104a8 . rohucad, Sg. 174a1 . rucad, ib. pl. ro uctha , Ml. 132a1 . ructha, 102c7 , ZCP xi 57 § 2. ructa, MU² 913. Vn. brith (see breth).

Later forms. Indic. pres. 1 s. berim, LL 8688. 2 s. -berai, TBC-LL¹ 925. 3 s. beiridh, TSh. 9670. -berend, PH 7574. 1 pl. bermait, LL 17003. Impf. 3 s. -berad, TBC-LL¹ 891. 3 pl. -bertís, MU² 275 . Subj. pres. 1 s. -berear: dheireadh, Dán Dé xvi § 12 . 2 s. bheire, Duan. F. ii 72.20 . Impf. 1 s. -beraind, Ir. Review 1912, 250 § 19 . 2 s. mbeirt[h]ea, ZCP viii 109 § 9. Fut. 1 s. berait(se, Trip. 238.3 . bérat-sa, MU² 320. ZCP viii 312.8 . béar, TSh. 10521. 2 s. -berair, Ériu iii 164 § 17. 3 s. béaraidh, Dán Dé xxvii § 3 . 1 pl. bermuid, ZCP vi 66.8 .

Pret. and perf. 1 s. ra bertus-sa, TBC-LL¹ 2888. 3 s. bertis, TBC-LL¹ 4435. ro-das-beir (beras, v.l.), 4728 . beiris, ML² 396. 3 pl. ru bertsat , ZCP viii 104.12 .

Pass. indic. pres. -berair, IGT Verbs ex. 169. -beirthir, 172 . -bearar, Introd. § 13. Fut. béarthar, TSh. 1153. Forms from ruc-. Subj. pres. 1 s. -rucur, TBC-LL¹ 1870. Pret. and perf. 1 s. do rucus , Feis Tighe Chonáin 1277. -rugus, 367 . 2 s. rucais, PH 1868. 3 s. ruc, SG 112.14 . ruc (rugustair, v.l.), ML² 404. 1 pl. rugsamar, TTebe 3966 . -rucamur, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1901. 2 pl. rucabhar, 998 . 3 pl. rucadur, 405 . Pass. rucad, PH 304. -ruccad, Ann. Conn. 1307.10 . pl. rucait, ZCP xi 62.8 . PH 2002. rugaid, TTebe 4750 .

I

(a) carries: nosbered gl. crucem . . . portabat, Thes. i 494.28 . is do thabirt díglae berid in claideb gl. gladium portat, Wb. 6a13 . hi fēnai bretha arm laiside, TBC-I¹ 1279. ara rucca cách a mám `that each may be able to bear his yoke', Ériu iii 104 § 33. berid iarum a muicc 'na hucht `carries', RC xiv 246.20 .

(b) In abstract senses adduces; infers etc. (of arguments, facts, etc.): berit in soscéle do imthrenugud ueteris , Wb. 18c10 . dearbhadh eile bheir tu asteach other proof that you adduce, Rel. Celt. ii 293.22 . bertit alaili tra combad spirut nóib robói in profetís `some take it', Wb. 13a16 . scél asa mberar co mbad hé Find mac Cumaill Mongán, LU 10938. is edh rucc-som assin what he inferred from that, CCath. 3241. ná beir uaim nach fuair Féidhlim `do not think I deny that F.', Content. v 104. b.¤ dígail inflicts vengeance, punishment: amal adnaigther fírbrithem beres digail cech ancridi, Ml. 27c1 (cf. do thabirt díglae, Wb. 6a13 ). See dígal.

II bears, brings forth, in pass. is born: in tan ṁberes claind is failid iar sin, Ml. 129c8 . indí . . . duamberar cland, Mon. Tall. 132.2 . rugais toircheas is tú it óigh `thou hast conceived', A. Ó Dálaigh xiv 7. cia tir i rrugad Gaedeal `in what land was G. born ?' Auraic. 15. Fig. an tan ghabhas an ainmhian, beiridh an peacadh (= parit peccatum), TSh. 6970. tarnocht . . . beirthear sinn (= nascimur), 7722 . Of animals: bi slan oga ceathra an tollbaire beres ba, O'Curry 2527 ( Eg. 88, 43b ). Of laying eggs: aen ogh beires isin slíab sin cacha bliadna, RC xxiv 377.3 .

In more general sense yields, produces: berid in bo atúaid trian mblechta sech in mboin andeas, Dinds. 60. no berta na harbair fo thrí cecha blíadnae, Airne F. 352. Fig. tosach rabhuidh rug a dealbh `His aspect became threatening', Ériu iv 112.15 .

Intrans. absol. in: sanntaigh an saidhbhris rucus gu maith dot anaim desire the riches that may profit etc., Ériu v 128 § 35.

III judges, passes judgment (usually with breith, etc. in figura etymologica and with FOR introd. indirect obj.): cisí breth rucais?, ZCP xv 306 § 1 (Caratnia). rucus, etc., 307 ff. § 2 - § 52 . nách beir for nach néle gl. non iudicat, Wb. 6c18 . bat hé berte bretha lib, 9c12 . berir breth foir gl. deiudicatur, 12d38 . birusa for firu soera, Anecd. iii 28.15 . bertid brith (bertaid breith v.l.) for ēc Dēāth, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 54 § 15. is me dano bæras mes firian foraib, Ml. 94b7 . ní berat fírbrithemnachta, 103b16 . ní ruc gói riam . . . fer rodhuc, ZCP viii 311.31 . biriu glossed brethemnuigim, O'Curry 440 (H.3.18, 237a). diamba brethum nis bera gan ḟis cin forus cin fasach, O'D. 2211 (Nero A vii 145b). nāthó . . . ní rucaim I cannot pass judgments, ZCP xiii 179.11 . ber breith iter do macaib, ol si, cia dib gebus t'forba. Ní bér, ol se, acht béraid Sithcheann drai, RC xxiv 194.1 . rucc Maodhócc do breith air féin cona cléir . . . guidhe tara chenn, BNnÉ 261 § 221 . rugatur in cúaisti ┐ in breithiomh maróen Brian do beith sáor, ZCP i 117.25 . b.¤ fuigell see fuigell. Hence of dreams interprets, expounds: ruc tra Patraic forsinn aislingi `expounded the vision', Trip. 176.25 . ruc Ethne breith na haislingi sin, Lism. L. 800.

IV carries away, takes (with one) (opp. of do-beir) (freq. with LA with reference to subject):

(a) In concrete or physical senses: na berat a n-erpther doib, Wb. 31c12 . ni berthar ind imerge `must not be taken', RC x 222.24 . nī scarfam . . . co rrucsa do cheand-so, TBC-I¹ 1200. beirthe lais S. `S. takes him', Blathm. 97 § 23. in rí chon-daigi hi foss / mani-mbera latt, ní fogbai, Thes. ii 296.6 . rucusdar leis ar a muin é, Ériu i 124.27 . beirit a n-eachroidh ar aradhnoibh leō `they led their horses by the reins', Fl. Earls 66.21 . dinaib brataib bertae `of the spoils they carry off', Ml. 63c18 . genti bidbaid bertar (: trebtar) `guilty pagans who are carried off', Fél. Prol. 175. acht a mbértae eóin ina crobaib, BDD² 548 . no bertis Con[n]achtai a bú-si `the C. used to carry off her kine', ZCP iii 204.1 - 2 . fir gontair mna bertair women are being carried off, LL 11451 ( TBC-LL¹ 4722 ). beiris leis na curna, Ériu ii 186.27 . ni berend in gadaige leis acht a mbeir cen fhis, PH 7574. antí dorat as ē ruc, ZCP vi 269 § 3. nach feas cá galar rug é, Keat. ii 2118.

(b) In fig. and abstr. senses: berthi (leg. bérthi, edd.) leiss co cenn gl. perficiet, Wb. 23a19 . ba hé less nod-ṁbert `the purpose which had brought him' ( Études Celt. ii 6.2 ), TBFr. 156. bret[h]a barann coimdhidh cáidh `was subdued' lit. was carried off, AFM ii 594.19 .

V Hence with meaning carries off absol. and in phrr. b.¤ barr, búaid, cluiche, etc. secures, wins (highest place, a victory, a game, etc.): bid hé beras in curadmír who wins the champion's portion, LU 9014 ( FB 76 ). is andsin dorimgart-seom / a eneclaind for Midir / . . . / conosruc iar ndáil dligid `he demanded his honour-fine from M . . . . and obtained it after award by law', Metr. Dinds. ii 4.28 . créd ima ruguis an baire orm? Má rugus báire ort . . . béarad leat arís é, RC xxix 116 § 13. cia haca le mbearthar barr `that excels', TD 28.24 . ni bertais buaid díb they would not overcome them, IT i 72.10 ( LMU 8 ). birt būaidh [n]-eccna / hi cūairt Éirenn, ZCP viii 197 § 6. ba mor do coscur chathbuadach rucas-[s]a tred chumachta-su `much . . . triumph have I achieved', TTebe 3178 . a mbuaigh ní rugadh a-riamh they were ever unconquered, O'Hara 3387. beirigh sisi bhuaidh ar gach n-énní dá ttairgionn a claoi, Desid. 2161. nobidis oc im[b]irt fithchilli cach dia . . . nobered C. cluithi na nona for I., Anecd. i 11.26 (SCano 358). ní rugadh aonchluiche air `he never lost a game', O'Hara 1373. ni rodam nad beir a roí `who does not win his battle', Ériu ix 49 § 34. birt a ráena forru he defeated them (in a game), LU 4984 (= TBC-I¹ 495 ). rucsat ar in ríg in raen `had overreached the king', Ériu vii 227 § 62 . ní biur do thóchaill dind ḟithchill `I do not win against thee at chess' ( Études Celt. ii 5 ), TBFr. 131. is [s]ainmuinter cach la fechtus bēus beress a tochell ( cluithe, Thr. Ir. Gl. 21 ), Corm. Y 607. (with implied direct object) uair roucsaidse for nUltaib . . . do slúagaib na tíri sin you U. have excelled, LU 9205 ( FB 93 ). rucsat na Troiannai do daínib in domain amal nabad do ṡíl daíni doib etir, LL 32109 ( TTr. 1296 ). rucc (glossed ro dersccaigh) Ith do breithemnaibh a aimsire ar amhainse `I. excelled the Judges . . . in cunning', Leb. Gab.(i) 244.16 . is samlaid ruc cach ben dia seitche ar écin each woman forced her way ahead of her companion, LU 8256 ( FB 20 ). Cf. ro élaidhset ass na Gaill febh as déine ronuccsatt dialaile, Hugh Roe² 98.11 .

VI gets, obtains; takes: cach crich roucca a techta ni dligaide tairgille na smachtu `every land which has given (recte taken) what is lawful', Laws iv 176.1 . aisic na set rugadh do muin na comairce `restoration of the `seds' which were given (taken?) on account of the protection', 232.25 . uaire na biur (nach berim, LU 1567 ) th'ascaid, IT ii2 209 § 3 . ni béra (berair, v.l.) usce uam, ol sisi `no water shalt thou get from me', RC xxiv 198.5 . bertís dliged `they received their due', Metr. Dinds. i 24.18 . bērtait (berait, R) in coin, Sc.M² 4. ní ruc na cepóca cé ruc na heocha, Sc.M² 20(R) . Legal obtains, inherits (land, etc.); incurs (liabilities), is liable for: moirseisiur nosbeir co mbuaidh / cumal tsenorba ní suaill `seven persons obtain, with triumph, the `cumal tsenorba',' Laws iv 42.4 Comm. ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 141.9 ). iar n-ecaib in fir berius orbae a brathar `of the man who receives the inheritance of his kinsman', Stud. in E. Ir. Law 137.20 . berti `he (the son) takes it (i.e. inheritance of land)' ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 156.29 ), Laws iv 48.3 Comm. beirid cach dibad ┐ cinaid araili `each receives the inheritance and incurs the liability of the other' ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 149. 18 ), 42.31 Comm. (of tutors) nocha mberait cinta na mac bis ag foglaim foilfecht (see F s.v.) aca `they do not sustain the liabilities', 236.19 Comm. (of a woman's `coibhche') isin coibhche tanaiste is dá trian no beireadh a athair ann; . . . is lugha beireas brathair oldas athair `her father . . . would have had two-thirds; and a brother gets less than a father', 64.4 Comm. in fer berus techtugad isin ferand, 2.16 Comm. i n-orba cruid no sliasta a mathur beris sisi in techtugad sin `that she makes that entry', Stud. in E. Ir. Law 133.20 ( Laws iv 14.26 Comm. ).

In phr. b.¤ díriug `carries off, obtains' ( GOI § 381 ), see díriuch. With adverbial as takes away: rom-beir as Pátraic ┐ ron-bennach `P. took him thence', Lism. L. 513. rugadh dá sheisi úam as `two comrades are snatched from me (by death)' (Notes), Bard. Synt. Tr. 28.y . saves, rescues: mac side ingine Lōith . . . bert a māthair ass ina brú his mother preserved him in her womb (from massacre by the Aitheachthuatha), ZCP xi 91.3 . cred beirius C. ass cen tuitim limsa, FDG 697. With refl. pron. takes oneself off; escapes: not-ber as dom'inchaib depart from my presence, ZCP i 105.1 . notbeirsiu as fó chetóir, SG i 312.1 . nod beir as amhail as ferr cotniocfa escape as best you can, TFrag. 208.16 .

VII In expressions of time.

(a) spends, lit. takes (time) (cf. do-beir I (m)): ? issí no bered in sechtmad n-aidchi i ṅgalad d'ḟeraib hErend for in t-ṡluagad do lacht, TBC-LL¹ 403. With adverbial as: na beir th'aimsir ass do réir mian do cholla, PH 7816.

(b) Intrans. lasts, endures, keeps (see Duan. F. iii 47 ): in fad (sic leg.) bhéaras as long as it endures (viz. an duan-sa, 75 ), Dán Dé xxv 76 . fada b[h]ēruid (sic leg., ed.) `long they shall live', Duan. F. i 54.16 . d'éis na buidhne nách buan rug `after that shortlived company', TD 25.34 . béaraidh mé go buan, Dánta Gr. 90.22 . ? an feadh rug a teas don ghréin, 85.6 . beiridh a brigh a cnáim craidhi in fiadha deich mbliadhna fichet `the virtue lasts for 30 years', O'Gr. Cat. 230.9. With as: gurub meinic beireas an easlainte so as gu ceann ceithri la ┐ da .xx. ead that this illness sometimes continues, 23 P 10³, 35b14 . rucatar as in adaigh sin co solus-trāth ēirghi ar n-a mārach, ML² 1079. ni rug og na sen a comfad-so as damh riam gan toitim lium `held out against me', ZCP vi 101.7 . do rugadar as mar sin go haimsir E. they continued in that way, PCT 392.

VIII carries off, away (from etc.) with prepp. A, AR, DI, etc. cf. IV; note b.¤ as under VI, VII. ni béram ass dano gl. quod nec aufferre quid possimus, Wb. 29b15 . bertair dano briathra asin stoirsea innun, Ml. 26c6 . nocon ructaisseom cid a delg asa brot-som nammá, LU 4991 ( TBC-I¹ 502 ). do foglaim na Tāna rucc in sái rōmānach á hArdmacha, ACL iii 5.30 . berid . . . a sūil asa chionn plucks his eye from his head, ACL iii 309.1 . ní berae a salm ar assaph tri nephscribend in tituil se riam `thou shalt not take from A.', Ml. 94a1 . rucad a rosc airi he (viz. the dying Cú Ch.) was deprived of his sight, RC iii 181.27 . etach berar do áos tuati a garment that is taken from the laity, Mon. Tall. 154.28 . nicon berat a drúcht dind fhéor, MU² 565. dos lēicim-se dō in ngaī cétna co mbert a lāim de it struck off his hand, Sc.M² 10. gan mharthain do mhac Áine (sic leg.) / rug don éigse a hamháille `has robbed poesy of her gaiety', Studies 1924, 89 § 30 . In phr. beirid ed di (ó), see 2 ed. ní berae siu hua duaid in salm so `thou shalt not take from David this psalm', Ml. 74d13 . masa indeithbir ro-n-uc uad . . . no ro-n-uc deithbir uad, Laws iv 34.32 Comm. tanic merlech . . . co mbered molt cech uare uadi, Thes. ii 336.43 . dia ructar (ructhar, ed.) ar mnā dōera uand, TBC-I¹ 1129. do-thíaguit na mná immi, ┐ berdait (beraid, v.l.) úaidib i ssíd Crúachan, TBFr. 131. ní huaibhse rug an nglaic ngloin, Studies 1918, 282 § 15 . cía ráott beres rígi Temrach . . . ó chlaind C. `what is it that deprives the offspring of C. . . . of the Kingship of Tara', BColm. 76.3 . bearar uatha an corp ré sruth na Bóinne the body is swept away from them by the current of the B., Keat. ii 5414.

With advv. berthus ind arbar sis `the grain carries it (i.e. water in gruel) downwards', Mon. Tall. 158.6 . acht a mbeir (sc. in gadaige) cen fhis, PH 7574.

IX carries, brings to, etc. (with CO, DO, DOCHUM etc.) (= do-beir). (Somet. with LA, cf. IV) berid taisi B. co Ros Cam les `takes B.'s remains to R.C.', RC xxiv 182.11 . forcmath mo brīathra, bērtait co būaid they will bring him to victory (?), ZCP xi 98 § 63. nombered cách ar uair dina maccleirchib dochum a tigid (sic) leu, Mon. Tall. 155.6 . beram co noibi nemthech let us carry it (i.e. the tower of Babel) up as far as holy heaven, SR 2744. go mbeiri Rí . . . sinn dochum coda na beathadh sīordhuidhe, Parrth. Anma 744. In more or less abstract senses: teinnes . . . beris nech cum atcomuill `disposes a person to dropsy', Rosa Angl. 322.3 . i toimtiu nábad do hierúsalem .i. opes nobertis, Wb. 16d4 . beirsiu lat é do[t] tigernu, Thes. ii 310.30 . noco rucaimse cend úain bic don dúnud `I am not the man to carry . . .' ( Stories fr. Táin 49 ), LU 5755 (= TBC-I¹ 1283 ). ? ní bertis da rótaib / ar uamain a cathmi, LL 6595 ( MS. Mat. 493 ). is do soscelu berid int apstal in salm so gl. transferre, Ml. 42b7 . cia beraid doib a remeperthe though he refer to them the aforesaid, Ml. 37a9 . namber du chesad `he applies it to the Passion', 86d16 . berir dano fri laa brátha, Wb. 29a28 . ruucthar fri cach rét it can be applied to everything, Ml. 35b10 . mad fri frecur cheill De nosbera, 43a2 . ae freslighe . . . cid la dechnaid berthair though it be included under, IT iii 74 § 34. nachib berar i smachtu rechta fetarlicce, Wb. 27a24 . nos berad i llías ṅgamna they carry her into, BDD² 76. bertair immorro da boin ind `are . . . brought thither', Dinds. 60. berthius C. mac E. i n-Aird Ladrann fodes immirge na n-Deisse `C. sent the wandering host of the D. to A. L. southward', Cymmr. xiv 108.4 . b.¤ i mmudu see madae. ros bertsat uile fóe in oenḟecht they all fell upon him at once, TBC-LL¹ 912. no-bar-beraid uili fóe sút, TBC-LL¹ 907. biru iarom mo chois forsan carraig, RC x 88.2 . ninruc for maith ar sóire `has not brought us to good', Wb. 21b3 .

V. freq. with prep. FOR (later AR) catches up, overtakes, etc.: b.¤ Tigernan . . . forru ic Ath Fhirdeadh `comes up with them', AU ii 120.1 . ni ḟil fiad arna bermís `would not overtake', RC vii 294.24 ( LL 29171 ). da mberthar ort, ZCP viii 541.6 . ruc an oidhche air `night overtook him', ZCP xi 136.16 . go rucc for esparta na manach `returned . . . in time for the vespers', BNnÉ 295 § 21 . mana fághbadh fortacht fá cend trí lá nách bérthai ara fortacht that it would be too late to help him, Expugn. Hib. 32. nach bérthaoi i mbethaidh forra muna thíosta dia ccobhair a ttraitte, AFM vi 1918. 5 . go mbéaradh (Niúl) ar aimsir Mhaoise san Éigipt `should have survived till', Keat. ii 243. ní bheir an athmhadan ort / gan a mbí id dhún do dhúsocht `no morning finds thee', Aithd. D. 8.36 . an trath beris se ar a leth dorchaigid se uile e `when it spreads over half of the moon, the shadow (of the earth) obscures it completely', Ir. Astr. Tr. 86.24 . d'éis leighis orchra Uladh / beiris ortha an t-urdhubhadh, Aithd. D. 23.22 . ní fhuil cadad eidir .s. ┐ .c. le mbéradh bogadh air by which it might come to be devoiced, IGT Introd. § 30. ní fhuil cruth a mbearar ar .sh. nach amhlaidh as cóir úaim ria .sh. is not found in any position such that . . ., § 13 . beires L. ar Aódh seized, TBC-LL¹ 3897 n . (of a key position) beire ar sheas meadhóin Midhe, Aithd. D. 15.13 . beiris i n-a bheōl . . . ar lampa airgit seized a silver lamp in its mouth, Fl. Earls 138.1 . is ar bhrághaid uirre bheireas, TSh. 2324.

With imm (= do-beir II (d)): arrombuí dech . . . do thimthaigib . . . issed bertatar umpu ind éicis, Corm. Bodl. 32. With tre: berir dano a ndede sin trisin testimin so, Wb. 10b19 . co rucasdur bern .c. ┐ .1. tresin cath siar sechtair he cleared a gap for 150 . . ., Ériu viii 32.25 . co mbert crand trít transfixed him (with the spear), LU 1576.

X With nouns expressing movement: berid iarum a cem annuas `he steps down', Ériu v 32.30 . is ing ma rofuc nech díb a choiss sech araile, LU 8253 ( FB 20 ). nach bēram oired ordlaig tar ar n-ais nō cēim ar culaib, ML² 1379 - 80 . hisse leth rucsum a reim he directed his course, Rawl. 87a29 , ZCP viii 264 § 15. bertais amus arna sluaghaib he attacked the hosts, 543.18 . ruccsat ruathar dochum an cleirigh, BNnÉ 34 § 55 . in ruathar ronuc fon sluag the onslaught that he made upon the host, Ériu v 240.30 . ruc sidhe dian dasachtach futha he made for them, Fier. 233. bheireas léim ainmhear inntibh, Content. xxv 7. béra ó bháirc a caladh chúairt , IGT Decl. ex. 1005. b.¤ súr, see súr. Note also: feibh as deine ronuccsat as fast as they could go, AFM vi 2120.21 .

XI For do-beir gives: bertais rabudh ┐ oirchisecht do she gave him warning and commiseration, ZCP viii 541.4 . co rohuicc secht cētguini `dealt', Fianaig. 12.13 . bertais beim do, ZCP viii 552.27 .

XII Various phrases.

In greetings, salutations; malediction, censure, etc. with meaning takes (somet. = do-beir): tabhair is beir mo bheannocht (addressing a letter) `carry my blessing', Studies 1920, 569 § 25 . berid Émine bennachtain ona flaithib ┐ facbaidhsium alaile, Anecd. i 45.6 . See bennacht, búaid. bērat-sa slán lim I shall take my leave, ZCP viii 312.9 . In phr. b.¤ airbiri receives reproach, see airbire. berid trīst ┐ mallachtuin nōem nHērenn take with you the curse, ACL iii 3.23 .

In phr. b.¤ aithniu (aithne) see 2 aithne.

b.¤ buide gives, returns thanks: `tucc dúin uile,' ol in cerdd `berma buide,', ZCP iii 222.13 . See 2 buide. b.¤ cádus, onóir (do) (cf. do-beir) pays respect, honour (to): onoir ┐ cádus don dardáin, amal no-s-bertís don dómnach, PH 327.

b.¤ díga di see dígu: fis a mbrígha do-beir d'ḟilidh / nach beir (geibh, v.l.) díga d'idhibh óir who does not spurn, IGT Decl. ex. 75.

With eól, eólas (for earlier do-beir): beiridh th'inneach iul do dháimh, DDána 74.67 . beir eolus díreach damh-sa / . . . / don chathraigh guide me straight, 73 . beiris Abán eolus conaire doibh lasin tapar, BNnÉ 9 § 32 .

b.¤ fis (a ḟis), see 1 fis gets, obtains information, etc.: ni berair let a ḟis ní as mo na sin `that is all the information that thou wilt get', Ériu iii 164 § 17. bhéar mé fios mo bhríathar = I will make known my words, Proverbs i 23. rucad īarum a fis-sin co Colum Cille `that news was brought to C.C.', BColm. 54.20 . birt (bert, MSS.) mōit/mucu búaid-Bairchedo (see móit (a)), Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 21 § 2. bertsa mo chubus co grian / in gach cath andecha riam, SG 187.31 .

b.¤ do rogu: ber-si do roga anois cia dib gresfi dochum an chatha `take thy choice', TTebe 4321 . berid Sreng cuigidh Connacht do rogain S. makes choice of the province of C., Ériu viii 56.38 . rogha do ríoghmhnáibh Uladh / ruguis, TD 27.41 . maor rugas mar ragha riamh, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxii 4.

bíathad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bíathad or dil.ie/5835

 

u, m. vn. of 1 bíathaid. act of feeding; maintaining: amal as toisc fri biathad na forcitlaide `to support the teachers', Wb. 31d17 . do biathad bocht, Thes. ii 334.14 . is becc an bolcg-sa . . . ┐ is doilig rí do bíathad de, BColm. 60.12 . basa brugaid bíata dám (rhet.) a hospitaller providing food for companies, Fing. R. 496. fer cech n-aidchi dia mbiathad . . . in fer toesech in biatta, Ériu iv 26.3 , 4 . é féin do bhiathadh do bhiadhaibh séimhe soineamhla, TSh. 561. ag biathadh na gcloch do bhíodh san teinidh orra plying the (cooking) stones with them (sc. pieces of meat), Keat. ii 5109. Fig. in sisma . . . do biathad itir na saorchlanna `to nourish this . . . schism', Caithr. Thoirdh. 9. 24 . is granna duit beth gom brath ┐ gom bíathadh `baiting or luring me' (Plummer MS. notes), BS 60.20 .

Legal: leth a chinad immurgu fair ar biathad ut est: [bera] fiachu leptha for nech biathas [bid]baid (of liability incurred for maintaining an outlaw), ZCP xv 360.23 (Caratnia 45 Comm.). biathad ┐ methad feeding (swineherds) and . . . fattening (pigs) (of work performed by woman or housewife, see Thurn., Stud. in E. Ir. Law 34 ), Laws ii 366.20 .

Feeding, refection, of the obligatory provision of food for the stranger and his `company' on a journey; the particular foodstuffs to be provided and number of accompanying persons entitled to maintenance depended on the status of the visitor , see Críth G. p. 76. (of the `ócaire') bíathad deise dó di as ┐ grús nó arbaimm; ní dlig imb, Críth G. 115. is a lín bíata bís lín for coí, 400 . (of servile debtors) na dlegait biathad acht bochtan, no urchaelan, no bairgen huasal laithe, cona handlonn, Laws i 106.1 . uair dlegar dona gradaib flatha biatha gin ímcomarc `the chieftain grades are bound to entertain without asking' (i.e. without questioning those who seek sanctuary), iv 263.6 .

Food-rent which a nobleman or landowner was entitled to from a tenant or base client in return for a fief , see Críth G. loc. cit. refection for the fief i.e. annual payment-in-kind (Thurneysen), ZCP xiv 336 ; refection as a legal due from tenants, subjects, etc. to the chief, the amount and periods being fixed by law or custom or agreement, Plummer MS. notes. See also Études Celt. xii 514. biathad airech, Laws i 122.11 .i. na ngrad flatha, do neoch is flath cetgiallna, ar aine . . . .i. o ceilib na n-airech `the food-tribute of a chieftain . . . it has a stay of one day', 126.24 - 25 Comm. b.¤ dá ráithi ó ríg Cruachan dó-som (of the king of Cashel on visitation to vassal states), Leb. Cert.² 34. císa . . . bésa ┐ biata ríg Temrach, 1469 . ní dlegar do Ūib Gusān . . . bīathad ríg Midi `to provision', BColm. 64.20 . biathadh aidedh tuaithi na duna, Laws iv 18.9 Comm. rotbía tír lind cen chís, cen biathad cen ṡlóged, Ériu iii 140.17 . a chuairt-sean ┐ a aimsear bhiadhta orra, Keat. iii 2636 . biadhadh bocht is nocht, Keat. Poems 1411.

b.¤ grinde, crinde baptismal refection (?): caite in ḟled deoda . . . biathad grinde (no c written over g-, MS.), glossed: biad cretme .i. bathais .i. log in baistithi, SM Facs. 47b17 ( Laws iii 18.18 ) = biathad crinne .i. logh na baisti in tan is im linn ┐ im biadh doberar, O'Dav. 504.

1 buide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 buide or dil.ie/7347

 

Forms: buidhe

adj io, iā yellow: b.¤ gl. flauus, Sg. 14a10 . hoc flauum. buidhe , Ir. Gl. 803. buidi no donna gl. c(o)erea pruna, Sg. 61b10 . in chorcur b.¤ (buicle, MS.) ref. to porpora), Tur. 115. mess crāibe b.¤ , ACL iii 238 § 9. le croicinn an ubhaill buidhe, Reg. San. 21.17 . a caisi buidi, Corm. Y 1091 (see cáise). buiden na mbarr ṁbudi, LL 16505 ( RC xlvii 291 ). d'ór buidi, Ir. Review 1912, 248 § 5 . Slicht Libair Budi Slani, LU 3220. [lebor] b.¤ leacain, YBL 6 marg. inf. sean leighedh in lepuir buidhe, Laws ii 132.y Comm. rinn . . . buidhe (of a bird), MacCarthy 136.14 . mís buidhi ` August ', Leb. Cert. 120.11 . see boidmís ? supra. galar buidhe jaundice , O'Gr. Cat. 199.1 (see below).

Freq. in vague sense with bith, etc. ri dorósat bith ṁbuidi, SR 7513. in bith bleidech b.¤ , MR 52.15 . Cf. ríge Breg mbude, LU 3735 ( SCC 33 ). co bráth mb.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 318.15 . din Bruig budi brass, LL 29539 ( Ériu vii 223 § 32 , cf. Misc. Hib. 38 ).

Equat. buidithir ór rind a fīaclae, Corm. Y 1059 (91.18) . buididir bronnór, Ériu iv 94 § 13. Compar. budiu na mess cumra a cúl, LL 37758. As subst. (treated as f., SG 21.21 infra) yellowness, yellow hue; a thing characterised by yellow colour: cho buidhi bos, MacCarthy 120.15 . go tainig in buidi tar in gréin, ZCP x 303.6 . Of flowers: barrān budi `die Blüte des Gelbkrauts', Festschr. Stokes 3 § 3 ` buttercup ', Contribb. 287. lir . . . budi for Bregmaig, LL 13954. fo barraib scot is buideí, ZCP xiii 260.2 . samalta leam fri hōrsnāth . . . nō re buidi mbech (of hair) honey (?), pollen (?), TBC-I¹ 2568. an b.¤ a yellow (horse), Celtica ii 54.131 . In n. loc. Buidhi an Bheithe, AFM ii 1000.16 .

Freq. in name of the epidemic called in b.¤ chon(n)aill (second word us. printed with cap. C- as if n. pr., but orig. gs. of condall, see BCC 75 (62.9) cited s. connlach; identified as relapsing fever (with accompanying jaundice) , W. P. MacArthur, Ir. Hist. Stud. vi 173 f . in chron chonaill .i. in b.¤ chonaill, AU i 54.19 = mortalitas magna, 50.22 . Cf. crom (= crón) Connaill .i. plaga magna , Ann. Inisf. 551. Budi Conayll = infirmitas quae yctericia uocatur, V. SS. Hib. ii 113. teidm mór doratad for firu Hérenn .i. in Bude Conaill, Thes. ii 299.1 (Hy. i Pref.). in B.¤ Condaill, 298.19 . in B.¤ Connaill gl. re chuairt duinebad, Laws i 50.18 Comm. do'n Buidhi Connaill, MacCarthy 402.6 . do cur na b.¤ for cúl, SG 21.21 .

Compds. On elision of -e before vowels see IGT Introd. § 94 (which cites budhúaine, bodhabhla, with -gh- for -dh- in MS.). With noun: a buidhedhlaoi, Hackett ix 5 . buideréid . . . mōel a cend uile . . . co mmbī glēlomm i.e. complete baldness, Corm. Y 1091 = buide reid, Corm. 39 (cf. buiderad ?). With adjj. buide-chas, BDD² 1023. buidic[h]orcrai, 1124 . With adj. derived from noun: lāma . . . buidh'-ingnecha, ML² 1594.

cennaithe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cennaithe or dil.ie/8640
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: cennadaigh

n (cenn + aithe) bequest : cendaite .i. cendlait[h]e .i. laithe cinaid in duine, Corm. Y 372 . O'Cl. gen na cennaichthi do ic fris in cill, O'Curry 1061 ( H 3.18, 439 ). Cf. cinaithe [.i.] cinad aithe .i. luagh a cinad in duine, 93 (66). trēidhi do-roich comarba fir mairb īar n-ēcaib .i. rath ┐ rāth ┐ cendfaithi 'three things which transfer to the heir of a dead man after death, i.e. fief and suretyship and final payment', CB 204.8 (= CIH iii 892.10 ). cendathi coibdelaigh do, Laws i 226.12 Comm. gl. athgabail comarba con-randat curu a nathar, 216.3 . da trian a ceannaighe do eagluis bunuid, iii 66.1 . in screpol issin cendḟathe `a screabal in the bequest', Ériu viii 68.24 . do íc D. go maith a ccendaite `D. paid in full their bequests', Cog. 210.15 . ar mo cheinnaiti d'ic, 200.27 . ni dligid dechmadu, na bo chendaith `nor to the heriot cow', Trans. RIA xxiv 211.y ( Lism. L. 4531 , Ériu i 219 § 8 ); 'cow of last payment' Church Org. in Ir. 441 . in bo cendadaig, O'D. 1628 (H.5.15, 16a) = cennadaigh, O'Curry 1062 ( H 3.18, 439a ). in bó dobeir neach oc éc / isin cennáithi celmar, Ériu v 24.2 . dia sechnatis a cuirp ┐ a cennaighe Fidnacha if they did not leave their bodies and bequests in F., Fen. 200.13 . a chuairt is a cennaige, 406.28 .

cruinn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cruinn or dil.ie/13226

 

Forms: cruind, cruind

adj i round, globular, circular: compact, precise : cruind gl. globata, BCr. 18a4 . roth cruind forsa ndenat na cerda inna lestrai gl. rotae, Ml. 18b4 . crann cruínd, ib. cruind gl. teres, Sg. 66a12 . nach fuil bes c.¤ `any wound that is round', Bretha 14 . ech . . . cruind sturdy (?), LU 8665 (FB). cruind dothleatan comach lethan barc bhuailteach, IT iii 97.z . i ndeilb chruind rodamnaiged in doman, Ériu ii 106.x . isin mais chruinn ildealbaig, 108.11 . iter da sliab chruindi, TTebe 2269 . amellus ainm don c[h]loich cruind, ZCP viii 113.34 . naehí cruínne becca . . . oc techt tarsin sruth, xxx 129.18 . corab cruind (of stake), Laws iv 112.y Comm. a longa . . . ina congaibh chatha chruind, Oss. v 274.12 . gersat cruinne . . . cimsa . . . catha . . . C., MR 254.5 . dar Magh Cobha c.¤ , BS 68.10 . Cingh Airtur .i. do orrdaigh an bord cr[uind], AU i 22.10 . caithir . . . ch.¤ , DDána 119.2 . Ailenn chruind, Corp. Gen. 8.17 . o inbiur Atha Cliath chruind, LL 18445 . co ríg Caisil cruind, Ériu ix 45 § 6 . nir trian cruind `mere third', Magauran 2165 . sgéala cruinne exact information, TSh. 4138 . a adhmáil gurab neamh-ch.¤ an seanchus ` inexact ', Keat. i 46.38 . Of persons: nirsat cruindi cesachtaig niggardly , Acall. 4037 . Cf. gearsom glic nír chrainn um ní, KMMisc. 350.18 (see n.). ar an té bhíos c.¤ is gnáth an rath, Dánfhocail 22 . C. cruind `the Rotund', AU iii 12.16 `the Thrifty', AFM iv 694.x .

Of armies etc. assembled: do bhadar c.¤ an éin ionadh, ALC ii 294.12 . cinn chruinne i coimrith `gathered heads', CCath. 6097 . poball mór daoine c.¤ (ag chruinniúghadh, v.l.), ZCP iv 398.22 . bídís na daoine c.¤ = assembled, Isaiah xliii 9 .

Compar. fa cruinni ná uball, Eg. 1782, 34a cited Meyer Contribb. 536 . Superl. ba cruinne . . . corugad `most compact', MR 216.19 . Adv. go c.¤ neatly , Aithd. D. 1.17 . is c.¤ timcillit reanna neime in-doman, RC xxiv 371.28 .

As subst.: nochon ḟidir mac duine / cía dá ndēnand a c[h]ruinne / an c.¤ dō fēin doní dhe / nō an cruind do neoch aile collection, ZCP vii 303 § 9 . In n. loc.: tancatar . . . dar Cruind .i. Sliab sair, TBC-LL² 1218 .

Compds. With nouns: gnúis chorcra chrundainech, TBC-LL² 4438 . cruind ársid Liphi (of Eochaid Muigmedón), ZCP xiii 377.16 . mic T. mic Cruind beoil, o fuilet Húi Cruind beoil, Fél. 134.27 - 28 . tri cruindberrtha foraib circular heads of hair, LU 7139 (BDD). casaircheatha crunnchaor round balls of shot, Hugh Roe² 228.17 . cruinn-chathoir dhess `compact', Fl. Earls 74.11 . fear do chruinnichíogh dheól, Hackett 24.18 . cona cruinnc[h]imsaib coimfighthi, CCath. 5454 . cruinnchliatha caorthainn do dhéanamh, Keat. ii 5448 . do crunnclochaibh tabull, CCath. 3150 . isin chruind chuairt ildelbhaig ba damna domhain `round multiform circuit', Ériu ii 106.y . go n-imat gcruinn-each roi-dess ` well-shaped ', Fl. Earls 80.14 . cruind-ḟer crúad-buillech ` thickset ', Metr. Dinds. iii 226.z . ceithre cronnghlacáin, BS 94.15 . cruindinadh isin chríaidh duind, IGT Decl. ex. 948 . caorshoighnén . . . crunnlúaidhe, Hugh Roe² 228.x . for a crúndmuigib . . . cruithnechta `round wheat plains', MacCongl. 77.11 . if-ferta Cruind-Mēsé (mock n. loc.), 122.13 , 22 . (in) grian ina cruindmill, CCath. 2750 . cetha . . . cruinnphiler, Hugh Roe² 332.29 . in grian . . . ina crunnpupall teintidhe, CCath. 4431 . crundrosc [n-]odorda . . . ina chind `round eye', TBC-LL² 4401 . cruind sciath gl. rotunda forma, Sg. 49b12 . léibhend . . . do chruinnscciathaibh, AFM vi 2028.12 . an mogall do chrunnsluagh . . . tarla ina ḟarradh, AFM v 1626.x . atá trumpóir no traghna / a crunntóin mná Mathghamhna, IGT Decl. ex. 1308 . 'na chruinntig `round house', Stud. Hib. iv 68 § 42 .

With adjj.: for dá n-echaib . . . cruindbeca, LU 6487 (TBC). ech cenand cael coscrundfata, LL 24870 . cruinnuhecco (of knees), IT i 120.5 (TE Eg.). dod bharr chruinnfhiar `round curling', Bard. P. 20.18 . ingni corcra . . . crundgéra, TBC-LL² 194 . mullach crunnghlas corrach (of Benn Étair) (crann?), Measgra D. 41.10 . doire cruinnrighin chrann ngér, IGT Decl. ex. 1326 .

With adjj. derived from nouns: ? Cáoilte cruind certach, Duan. F. i 11.34 . coirce cas cruinnchlechtach `round-plaited', RC xxix 120.3 . is cruinndelbach docíter anmanna nan-dǽine arn-ég dóib, RC xxiv 371.29 . ag fior ḟuilt chrunnḟailghigh chais, DDána 119.4 . go n-a lann . . . cruinnfeadánach, MR xiv 4 . an crios . . . cruinn-raoltannach, 8 .

With vb.: ? do tuit mac luinn Uilliam ann / do chruinniad ar gach comlann who closely embraced every conflict (?), Caithr. Thoirdh. 123.4 .

1 cúairt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cúairt or dil.ie/13327
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: cōirt-, -rd

n [i], m., later f. Arch. cōirt-, see compds. c.¤ , -rd, f., IGT Decl. § 42 .

I

(a) circle, ring; circuit, circumference: ánus cuáirt `a circle', Sg. 59b13 . in chuartai frithsuidighthi gl. oppossitique orbes, Ml. 39c12 . dun chuairt gl. giro, 84a9 . a chuaird corcorgemmach its circlet of crimson gems (a brooch), LU 7400 ( BDD 100 ). cuaird (cuairde v.l.) bec . . . amal circáill ḟeta (necklet worn by Morann), IT iii 190 § 15 . cuaird uilche aos na fer midba, O'D. 1952 (Cod. Clarend. vol. 15, f. 7, p. 2 col. b) (see compds.). fochress cach cúaird immalaile etc. arranged themselves in concentric circles, LU 7060 ( BDD 72 ). Cf. cuaird .i. buidhin ┐ is buidhen ar chath sunn . . . .uii. chuarda . . . ┐ .7. nimdha, etc. (= FB 55 ) ┐ isíat na .7. cuárda .i. .7. catha Ulad taken to mean troop, battalion , H 3.18, 608b5 , 7 , 8 ( O'Curry 1324 ). do ḟiannaib Erenn, cach cuaird im araili im Temraig `each (band) encircling the other around T.,' Ériu xii 182 § 13 (TE2). tanic Fiac ┐ a chuairt leis `circuit' (sc. the poets or druids on F.'s c.), Thes. ii 307.15 .

(b) circuit, globe (of heaven, earth); area, territory, district; inner space, enclosure: no línfed . . . in n-ule cuaird in talman gl. omnem terram, Ml. 25a8 , 11 . rígi inna huili cuarta, Trip.² 2106 `of the whole globe', Trip. 180.8 . cuairt ind richidh co noi ngradaib aingel `the circuit of the celestial vault', Ériu ii 106 § 17 . dá arrig dec . . . / cach for a chuaird . . . / for dá thuaith dec Israhél district (?), SR 7011 . caille comhfhada / cladh na cúarta-sa `circuit' (enclosure or district (?), cf. crioch, 4), BS 98.10 . cru tire do telluch .i. cuairt in tíre .i. guirtt .i. cro .i. ime, O'D. 415 ( H 3.17, 317 ), cf. Laws iv 20.5 . uii. cúarda . . . ┐ uii. n-imdada o thein co fraig circular compartments (?), LU 8730 ( FB 55 ). for cuairt an rígh .i. istigh i mbi an Rí (under heading dámh cháe na ngradh ffileadh), Ériu xiii 52.10 . See midchuairt. cuairt .i. crich . . . ma rofiastar a ratha a mignima in-óen chuairt urraduis .i. i n-aon crich urraduis sin `in one circle of urradas (the customary law of freemen)', O'Dav. 503 . iter da cuairt ingelta ro marbad é (a dead beast), O'Curry 2102 (H. 4.22, 76a). See comaithches, comingaire, comingelt, ingelt .

(c) circuit; a turn around, revolution : cuaird cech laithe a daily circuit (of horse-races), LL 25101 . en cuairt o oirrcir co hiartar an domain revolution, course (of moon), Ir. Astr. Tr. 108.22 . ? do chuir sé c.¤ air ághaidh a naigéin = he set a compass upon the face of the deep, Proverbs viii 27 (1827). Hence of a recurring event, turn : in cuairt muilinn, Ériu xvii 64 § 1 n. 4 `the circuit (`rotation') of the mill', see 62 , 63 . tossach cuarta in so doridisi, 76.5 . timchelsat teora cúarda cech ḟir díb ir-ríge .i. lxiii. (of 3 kings who held sovereignty in turn for a septennium), Dinds. 161 . conom thí de chind chúarda till it is my turn, LU 6699 (TBC). in tan rosiacht do Chua . . . c.¤ a cometa `his turn of guarding', Dinds. 157 . táinic naí cuarta fó[n] cath attacked the host nine times, CF² 1111 .

(d) circuit, tour, visitation, journey and related meanings: a cuardaib ane .i. a caí uird inna fíraí .i. inna fíréicsi poetic visitations, LL 24320 (see RC xxvi 18 § 25 ). for chuartaib cloth, Ériu xiii 38.15 . ni far cuairt parche do-coid `diocesan visitation', Wb. 21a12 . ɔral c.¤ fuirib-si gl. praeter[i]ens uideam uos, 7a4 . do dechaidh . . . / du cuaird is naibh hifernoibh `went . . . on a visit to Hell' (of Christ). Blathm. 696 . Felix fuair cuairt (cuaird, v.l.) céoldai `sojourn', Fél. Jan. 22 . rolá P. cuairt Lagen = migravit . . . ad fines L., Lat. Lives 61 § 53 . D. comarba Patraic for cuairt Muman, AU i 486.11 . mac in chléirig ar in cuairt `let the cleric's son go on the circuit', Ériu ix 49 § 29 . congbail tsenad na hEclaisi oc cuingid cuarda `visitation', Laws i 158.18 Comm. dia ndeochaid . . . ar cuaird ardrīg i nInis Bretan, Corp. Gen. 132.19 . tinoilis H. . . . slog mor . . . amal tísad for cuairt rig, PH 844 . cuaird Erend do chur co n-acamar a ndingnu, etc., Anecd. i 9.26 ( SCano 293 ). dochoid side (sc. a poet or druid) for cuairt i Connachtaib, Thes. ii 307.14 . cuirit . . . inn ēgis mórchúairt Hērenn ┐ Alban dia fochmurc the poets make the great tour of Scotland and Ireland to seek it (sc. the Táin), ACL iii 3.25 . dā mbeirt[h]ea dán lat bothúaid / . . . / nī budh lúgha let ale / nās ō chūairt Érenn uile, ZCP viii 109 § 9 . luidh-siumh (the young Molling) . . . do c.¤ na Lúachra wandered about L., RC xxvii 268 § 15 . ropo chūaird `a visit' (of a battle), Arch. Hib. ii 63 § 65 . mithigh cuairt a gceann Fhiacha it is time to visit F. (a patron), LBranach 2181 . logh an chuairt-se do-chuamar the visit I paid (to a patron) was payment, DDána 67.49 . taispenad a cuarta (.i. a n-imdeachta) `their journeys', Auraic. 193 . Of reconnoitring, etc.: luid Conall ┐ Bricriu du chur cúarta to search (for shelter for the night), LU 10579 ( Comp. CC 3 ). dolá F. cūairt co tarrla docum tighi, ZCP v 501.12 . gin a cuairt do cur without making a tour (of inspection) of it (a green), Laws iv 196.6 Comm.

(e) With following descriptive gen.: cuairt buadha `a triumphant visit', Ériu iv 112 § 1 . dia cuairt cairte .i. cuairt flathamnais, O'Curry 480 ( H 3.18, 250 ). a c[h]uairt certaigthe = his Visit iuridicall, RSClára 130b . ar cuairt chrábaid, SG 39.25 . dolluid . . . do chūairt ectra la Ulto `went upon a round of adventures in U.', Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 4 § 3 . cuaird erlama `the visitation of a patron saint', Laws v 450.8 Comm. gl. sen-dliged, 4 . for cuairt gemridh a farrud rígh Osraigi (of a fili), Ériu xi 47.4 . O'D. 952 ( H 3.17, 666 ). níor mhian leis an lá do mhair / gan chuaird ollaimh 'n-a ḟochair (in elegy for prince and his ollamh), DDána 73.21 . cuaird retha canait / cínticha clíí (a division of poetry), IT iii 31.18 . is amlaid ro chiṅged ri Temrach for a chuairt rigi, RC xxiv 176.25 . lodsamar ar cuaird selgga `went on a hunting round', vii 304.1 . luidh-sen . . . do chuairt teglaig co a tiagherna, Anecd. ii 42 § 2 . See s.v. amsaine , cáe, cenél, rígdomnacht , 1 selg, scís.

(f) What is levied, or requested on a c.¤ , tribute, dues, claim (otherwise Contribb. 544 ): cuairt fer Midhe etir chill ┐ tuáith `visitation of, etc.' (i.e. collection of tribute from them), RC xvii 345.3 (Tig.). Moling . . . / dligidh cuarta ┐ cealla, Anecd. ii 23 § 14 . rocind . . . cūairt do-som uáid fēin a tribute was fixed for him from, etc., BColm. 88.10 . tabrat a cuart dom catraig `tribute' (claimed by ecclesiastic), Fen. 80.16 . co ttucc a lán chuairt etir screpall, ┐ edbarta `a full visitation tribute', AFM ii 894.17 .

(g) As attrib. and descr. gen.: i n-a cēidi c[h]uarta, ML² 1133 . mur ollamh cuarta . . . / na mes misi a mic Siobháin do not look upon me as a poet on a round of visitation, ZCP ii 348.18 . Note also: Fergus file . . . esgra márchuarta, Ériu xiii 30.14 . ar ḟior gcuarta visitor or guest, DDána 110. 21 .

(h) In legal contexts: ordaib neimid nuither cuardaib, Laws iii 26.6 .i. ordaithter . . . iar cae uird . . . cidbe cuaird i mbe `circle', 12 Comm. ni cuirithur cuaird for gablu fine `the succession shall not devolve upon, etc.' (of property), 78.20 . cuairt .i. tiumarguin . . . airbert i cuairt cach slan `restraint', O'Dav. 405 . ? cuairt saigeas a comnaidm la fear foirgeall fiadnaise, Laws iv 8.24 .

II In adv. and prep. phrases. Preceded by imm (fa) + an ( GOI 517 , 1 imm ) imma(c)cúairt round about, around ; im na insi immacuairdd (ma over line, note), Ml. 89d18 . forda-rubai . . . F. imma cúaird strikes them all around (?), MU² 1017 . secht n-imdai ó thein co fraig . . . imme cúaird, Fraech 66 . im chomm, Laws i 124.4 .i. ima cuairt, 134.3 Comm. is mar so gerrtur an crann sin fácuairt co gar do talam `round about near the earth', Maund. 160 . atá folach i sléib Fuait / do chuirfedh Eirinn má cuairt `set . . . on the move', SG 180.y (Acall.). a himpod ima cuairt `to whirl it (the discus) round', TTebe 2471 . ben fuil astu . . . fo guairt (maguairt, v.l.) le tingin `extract the blood all round' (from warts), Rosa Angl. 206.5 . imthighios fá gcuáirt = that goeth about, Proverbs xx 19 . Note: áonrotha . . . ┐ sé ima ccuairt = so compassed, RSClára 92b (appar. the Engl. (= contrived etc.) was misunderstood, Gloss.). With follg. IMM, etc.: fuslegar de immandelg immecuáirt `it (butter) is smeared all round the thorn' (in charm), Thes. ii 248.7 (Sg. Incant.). atacordat . . . imacúairt imon torad sin `roll about in the fruit', Ériu ii 192 § 3 . isiarsin dodechatar na fir immacuairt immi `then came the men all around him', RC iii 181.30 . tangas ma ccuairt orrtha `they were . . . surrounded, etc.', Rel. Celt. ii 202.37 . go mbeinn mágcuarda / idir na daoinibh duarca `should live with sullen men around', Ó Bruad. i 130.y . In phr.: don ch.¤ sea (aniugh, v.l.) on this occasion (lit. visit), at this time, Mer. Uil.² 149 . In prep. phr. i cuaird bethad brigadbuil `around the . . . world', Hib. Min. 39.5 . birt būaidh [n]-eaccna hi c.¤ Ēirenn all round (?) Ireland, ZCP viii 197.11 .

Compds. With nouns. cuart-anáir (: uachtaráin) Bhanbha `honour-circuit', Content. x 13 . inna cuairt roth `in its circle-wheel' (of particles of the host in the form of a cross), Thes. ii 255.4 (Stowe M.). See Plummer, KZ xxvii 445 . With ¤sel rotation, gyration, whirl (see Wortk. 47 , Celtica i 378-80 ): is cicul dūn ol in duine quasi dixisset is cuairdfell dun son, Corm. 10 cicul = cūairtfell, Corm. Y 264 . a gyrando on cuairtfell bis fuirre `circular flight' (of a goose), Corm. Tr. 88 gigrand. a coirib cuairdill `from whirlpools', Laws iii 422.11 Comm. a ro-domain, v 298.10 .i. caire cuairt-bill ┐ a murlochaib, 17 Comm. coirt-tobe gl. circumcissio, Wb. 23d24 (a prima manu). ¤ulchaige beard encirclement (the stage at which a boy becomes an adult) Críth G. 90 , ZCP xliv 167 . co cúairtulchaigi (-ulcaid MSS) lit. `encircling beardedness . . . or read c.¤ n-ulchaige ?' (Notes), Críth G. 67 , see p. 90 . With adj. delb chuairtchruind `shape of a round circle', Ériu ii 106 § 17 . ropo chúairddulchach , Críth G. 68 .

damnae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. damnae or dil.ie/14522
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: domnae, daṁna

n domnae io, n. Like adbar and ON efni, Welsh defnydd ZCP x 370 , LEIA D-21 .

I The stuff or material out of which something is wrought or created.

(a) in a material sense: damna teora mbairgen, Laws ii 176. 18 . damna feirtse, damna certle (as a fine), ib. iv 108. 6 . ní hón gabaind a daṁna, ib. v 18. 10 . roboingeadh damna in chléib no na cleithi comlan annsund, ib. 474. 24 . damna fondssa damna loinida, ib. 482. 29 . Cf. also ii 420. 10 : domna coisc di du mil no saithi beach.— dachuaid da bein damna cruiti, RC ii 197. 20 . damna trostáin ┐ damna bhaichle, SG 38. 12 . luid Hercoil issin fidbaid do buain damnai rámai, TTr. 230 . primal matter : cid robói isin chruindchuairt ildelbhaig ba damna doṁain... Robói ar se isin chuairt toruchta domna domain .i. uacht ┐ tes soilsi ┐ dorcha lind ┐ tirim, Ériu ii 106. 33 sq. issind dluim chruind dorónad do domna domain, ib. 108. 7 . dobí damna ifrinn isin ṁais ildhelbaig asar benad an doman, RC xxiv 372. 7 . —METAPH. in net ngribi sin... ┐ in damna áigh .i. longphort Cesair, CCath. 4904 . fail lim dliged is damna subject-matter (of poetry), Metr. Dinds. iii 278. 39 ( LL 155 b 25 ).

(b) in a personal sense: `one fit to be'—also in merely temp. sense: `one designed to be.' damnae napad: céin bes damna apaidh (leg. apadh) do fine erluma, Laws iii 72. 13 . muna táinic d. a. dfine erloṁa...in apdaine do thabuirt dfine manuch noco roib d. a. dfine erloṁa, ib. 72. 19 . ib. 74. 1 , 5 , 6 , 10 . 78. 2 , 3 , 17 . muna be damna napaidh (leg. napadh) cid coitchinn doib, ib. 78. 25 . damnae cimbedo: cona[d] damna cimeda insin tar cend tuaithe, ib. iv 354. 2 . damnae nepscuip: áliss Pátricc Dubthach im damnae nepscuip dia desciplib di Laignib, Thes. ii 241. 7 . damnae fir: isé biad uais imfuilnges damna in fir .i. gairigh gilla no tamain fir the minor, i.e. the underage youth or makings of a man (O'D.), Laws ii 256. 18 . Ferdomun .i. damna fir, ib. 20 . damnae flatho: damna flatha as dech tánic Hérind the best crown-prince that has ever come into Erin BDD 106 . domna finnflatha, AU i 392. 8 . damnae láich: olc damnae láich fil and, LU 60 a 5 . TBC-LL¹ 453 Y. damnae nolloman, Acall. 3353 . damnae ríg one fit to be a king, a royal heir (= rígdomna), see O'Br. s.v. daṁna .

II n An heir : iomdha daṁna i ndiaidh aroile fuair an chríoch so Chuirc mar é, Ó Bruad. xi 3 .

III n A matter, cause, reason, motive . ba hé domna in choctha, LL 170 a 20 . damna dinriud is dḟogail, ib. 195 a 13 . ní bu fubthud cin damna, Ériu ii 100. 26 . is daṁnai móirchreatha ┐ uaṁain a matter of great trembling and terror, ib. 136. 26 . cid deghnie drochfethol ? ol sé. tathum a daṁnai ol esium I have cause for it RC xii 64 § 27 . cid robud ? or si. atá a damna and there is a cause for it Anecd. i 4. 6 . cidh tái a[g] gul ? fil a doṁna accum, Lib. Flav. 37 b 17 . damna deabhtha, Todd Nenn. 132. 3 . domna trota LL 11 a 40 . diultaider ic Tadc co trén do Murni ba domna dér, ib. 202 a 63 . fa daṁna dér, Ériu i 32, l. 246 . tathum domna bróin I have a cause of sorrow LL 192 b 48 . damna dogra, MR 294. 8 . damna guil ┐ dér, BB 31 b 10 . daṁna éccaoine, BS § 67. 4 . daṁna meatha, Each. Iol. 57. 14 . fail damna molta forro, TBC-LL¹ 416 Stowe (dlug molto LL). damnae tuirse a cause of sorrow, cf. Dinneen . Cf. also Laws iii 94. 5 : na cuic cinaid duine ni damna mella.

IV damna .i. obair ut est: intí tuc a damna daim no capaill ar log, H 3.18, 650 a ; but here damna daim seems to signify a young ox, cf. damnae fir above.

COMPD. ríg-damnae a royal heir LL 151 b 19 . TBC-LL¹ 1483 Y. BDD 86. 1 . ITS v 106 .

MOD. daṁna, P. O'C. O'R. Dinneen .

echtra

Cite this: eDIL s.v. echtra or dil.ie/19563
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: eachtra, heachtra, echtrai, hechtradha, eachtradh

n , f. (echtar Celtica xv 18 ) n s. an eachtra , Studies 1919, 255 . g s. na heachtra , A. Ó Dálaigh xxx 6 . n p. echtrai, LL 189c55 . a p. na hechtradha , Anecd. ii 44.6 . eachtradh, Carswell 19 . An expedition, journey, voyage ; usually in sense of an adventurous journey, an expedition in quest of adventure: téit e.¤ (ar e.¤) goes on a journey, an adventure: Crimthann mac L. isé do-chuaid in n-echtra a Dun C. la Nair...co mbae coicthigis ar mis ann, Rawl. 136a40 . dia ndechaid in n-echtra do thig Uilc, LU 119a10 = PRIA iii 532 . luid uaithe echtra n-etruim | d'iarraid tṡelga, Acall. 3839 . rachair ar eachtra n-imchéin, ML 36.13 . dochuaidh ar eachtra a hÉirinn, Keat. i 202.3 .

con ébailt aithle a echtra, LL 129a44 . dom echtra hi tech nUilc, LU 119b19 = PRIA iii 536 . do-lluid Cet... do chuairt ectra la Ulto, LL 123bz = Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 4 . gach gnim gaiscidh dia nderna fura echtra, ZCP vi 80.15 . eachtra Íosa anuas do nimh, A. Ó Dálaigh xlvii 6 . Of a warlike expedition, a hosting, enterprise: is muna thechta cath cain | gan echtra air seach righaib he is not obliged to go on expeditions more than other kings BB 281b7 = Leb. Cert. 258 . sluaigheadh ag síol Ádhaimh | budh í an eachtra fhada, Dán Dé viii 3 . Studies 1920, 417 y . rug leis san eachtra é, TSh. 6981 . millidh...eachtra an aithrighigh spoils the enterprise of the penitent 10453 . Of a journey, pilgrimage: an tan do rindi Seon (i.e. Maundeville) a echtra, ZCP ii 2.29 . iar ndul do Dh. ar eachtra don Róimh da oilithre, Keat. iii 4586 . ar e.¤ abroad, on a journey; in exile: do bhí sé is an ógh ar eachtra, Dán Dé x 11 . gan teachtaire...nach bia ar eachtra ar dhaoinibh journeying to the people xxiii 1 . ge tamaitne ar echtra ┐ ar indarba, Celt. Rev. vii 332 = TTebe 677 . ar mbeith ar eachtra dhóibh, tograid...triall dá ndúthaigh, TSh. 9614 . i n-e.¤ : an t-iarla do chor ar eachtra don Aiffric. Agus ar mbeith don iarla san eachtra soin..., 5488 .

Transf., a tale, narrative, history: rofiarfaig in ri scela dib; ro frecair N. ┐ ro indis in echtra, RC xxiv 202 . eachtradha dimhaoineacha...saoghalta do cumadh ar thuathaibh dé dhanond, Carswell 19 . eachtradha...an phobaill gheindtlidhe `history' 5 . dá gcuirinn síos annso mar do thuit C...┐ iomad oile do churadhaibh...go mbiadh eachtra adhbhal ré a hiomluadh orra, Keat. ii 3411 . éirim na heachtra, 2939 .

Esp. as title of one of the recognised classes of tales, LL 189c55 = MS. Mat. 589 . togla ┐ tana...echtra ┐ aidheda, Laws i 46.5 .

gemmach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gemmach or dil.ie/25628

 

adj (gemm) o,ā begemmed, jewelled (?) : delg ... de ór ... lassaid ... lainne o chuaird corcorgemmach, BDD 100 g . = lainne a chuairt chorcairgemach, BDD² 1028.

? glas(s)a

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? glas(s)a or dil.ie/26000

 

ind fo grádglunn, cen chúairt ṅglassa | dochúaid uait don ḟabull-sa, SR 6039.

gleo

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gleo or dil.ie/26052

 

Forms: glee, glé, glé, glé, gliad, gliaid, glieid, gleid, gleo, glīäid, glied, gliad, gleo, gliada, gliaid, gliad, gleó, gleó, gleóa

n For gender and inflexion see Thurneysen, ZCP xx 364.

(a) g s. glee, glé ; d s. glé ; a s. glé.

(b) d, f. g s. gliad, d s. gliaid, glieid, gleid, gleo : a s. glīäid (: gniaid), ZCP viii 119.5 . glied, LU 5283 . g p. gliad, gleo ; a p. gliada. IGT Decl. § 97.

(c) o, m. g s. gliaid ( d'éis an ghliaidh, Oss. iv 92.19 ). d s. gliad.

(d) gleó m. IGT Decl. § 108 . g s. gleó, n p. gleóa. Cf. la gleo gl. .i. la gliaid, Fél.² cxli 8 . A fight, a combat : gleu .i. gle enim graece .i. disentio debaid, O'Mulc. 635 . gleó ar gleó, LU 8649 ( FB 48 ). ní ba bán in gléo not bloodless will be the fight, TBC-LL¹ 3444 . da mac samla galaib gliad in feats of battle, 4053 . mana morglíad, 5765 . is leth ṅ-glíad sain (of a great warrior), 5316 . iar forbu a glíad, Fél. Apr. 19 . ferait morgleó, LU 3790 ( SCC 36 ). condrístais ... gliaid fri Coinculaind, TBC-LL¹ 1435 . fuarus gleo cletach, 4498 St. fúarus gábud ocus gliaid, Anecd. i 39 § 110 . iar n-áirdghliaidh, Todd Nenn. 274.12 . CCath. 200 . ni dlig degairm fer cin gliaidh, ZCP ii 225.6 . nír' ḟég geiss nó gliaid nó glond, Ériu vii 223 § 30 . níor loc fear ... ón ngliac (: liath), Oss. iv 110.14 . tucsad gluin re gliaid, TTebe 3426 . co mba hoengleo écnech ecaintech ... in cathir uli, LB 155a17 ; cf. oengleo guil, 155b50 . (enlaith) co ro fearsadar gleo dia n-eitib frisin loc[h] they beat the lake with their wings, BB 385b50 = coro fersatar gleic, Dinds. 68 ( RC xv ). gan rún ngliadh `free from a quarrelsome disposition,' TD 26.10 . tuar gleóidh, 4.23 . IGT Decl. exx. 619 , 1299 , 1634 , 2099 . pl. cuirfithi gleoithi, Fen. 218.9 . Fergus donid gliada, Laws i 66.30 Comm. gan dul a n-gliaidhibh le Fionn, Oss. iv 22.15 . do gleadhaibh ... re CoinCulainn, ZCP viii 540 (1433) . Breoghan ... na ngliadh, Keat. ii 618 (poem).

As quasi vn. : mani ēt[ar] fer do gleō frimsa, TBC-I¹ 717 . int aitheach-mattud ... [do] gleid (glieid, LU) frisin coin mōir, 1229 . o rogabsat oc glíaid ┐ oc imsesorcain, LU 6197 . co mbidís na slóigh ic glíadh, CCath. 1750 . Fig. of an individual : in bres bethrach in breó bagach, in gleó gnímach the active fighter, MS. Mat. 484.30 .

Compds. (also gliad-) : ¤ágh, IGT Decl. ex. 932 . ¤broit war-captivity, trouble , Keat. Poems 129 . ¤buime (of Eve) fostermother of strife, Ó Bruad. iii 78.4 . ¤ chuairt a warlike circuit (or expanse) : roainmnig i ṅgleochu[a]ird glicc | Assia Eoraip iss Affricc, SR 2651 . ¤dál a warlike encounter, ZCP iii 19.7 . gliadh-dógh fierce scorching (?), Dán Dé xxvi 51 . ¤gal a contest ; prowess in battle : o rofersat a ngleogail (v.l.), Anecd. ii 70.5 . būan in gleōgal, ZCP viii 299.35 . co ngliadgail glond, Metr. Dinds. iii 48.4 . ard an gleóghal bhias and, AFM i 438.14 (poem). ¤loit, IGT Introd. § 6 . ¤mhagh plain of battle, Ó Bruad. iii 82.5 . ¤throit strife : glēothroit is glēodāl, ZCP iii 19 § 7 . romarbhadh daoine ... isin ngleotroid, AFM vi 2034.27 .

3 in-,

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 in-, or dil.ie/28196
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: in-, in-, in-, in-, ínnair, hinarmaighe, incathe, h-ion-Con-cculaind, hingallru, inrigh

in adjectival formation. Adjj. are formed by composition of the particle in- (which Pedersen Vgl. Gr. § 358 (f) regards as probably an intensive prefix but see Ériu xx 83 ) with (a) a substantive (the term ionshamhlughadh is applied to this type of adj. in IGT Introd. 33 § 151 , § 152 ) or vn. or (b) a participle in -t(a)e, -th(a)e. These adjectives are indeclinable and those in group (a) have the meaning capable of, fit for, proper for, worthy of (the action, thing or person expressed by the substantive): with the vn. the sense is usually passive: ` fit to be ....' If formed with the part. they have nearly always the force of the Lat. gerundive.

in- lenited the following initial, but in some later examples sh- is replaced by ts-.

(a): [Where the substantive compounded with in- was an o-stem, the resulting adj. was an i- stem. Hence it came to be considered that these adjj. were formed with the gs. of the subst., and many of the later exx. consist of in-+g s. of a subst. See GOI § 345 ]. ¤accra capable of being claimed: imḟorcraid ro b'ināirme na cindedh comloinn ro b'inagra, MR 268.19 . ¤aicde ` capable of acting as surety ' (Plummer MS. notes): frisin raith innaicde, O'Curry 67 (< H 3.18, p. 24b ). ¤affrinn fit to offer Mass; suitable for the offering of Mass: nír inaiffrind in altóir i nfécmais in tréidhe sin, SG 31.11 . an sacart do-chī an aisling sin nī h-in-aifrinn hé, De Contemptu 986. ¤áig capable of giving battle: in nech ba hionáigh gan oil, Duan. F. i 6.12 . ¤aignis able to argue: dá bhrígh sin nach rabhas ionaighnis risna taoiseachaibh so, Maguires of F. § 56. ¤ainmmnigthe fit to be named: is úaitsi is ionainmnighthe í, ar Ronán, Ériu v 94.4 . ¤air fit for ploughing: As subst. itir ḟidh ocus fer ocus ínnair , Laws iv 146.1 Comm. indair .i. in t-ar derg no in gort, ut est itir fér ┐ ith ┐ indair ` arable land ,' O'Dav. 1120. seacht seisrecha leis for indair, Anecd. i 1.8 . ¤airm capable of bearing arms: a fir i.¤ athramail aín. IT iii 80.27 . do hoileadh Lúgh Lamhfada go beith ionairm dó, Keat. i 220.17 . ¤áirme, later also ¤áirim worthy of being recounted or mentioned: ni hionairme tu itir deglaochaib, TBC-LL¹ p. 241 n. 5 . an tres itche as ionáirme, BNnÉ i 224.37 . imḟorcraid ro b'inairme `any advantage worth mentioning,' MR 268.19 . is roim thigerna do gairm dhe as mo do rinne se do na gnimhaibh bad ináirmhe dhúin, L. Chl. S. § 46 . gonar fhagaibhsiat ní is ionaireamh da leabhruibh innte, MS. Mat. 551.41 . nír bhó hionairimh a n-échta, AFM vi 1936.11 . cás oinigh ni hionáirimh | go bás t'oidhir d'fholáirimh, Aithd. D. 60 § 33. ¤aistir fit to travel, capable of walking: atai-si anbann, ┐ ní hinaistir tú budesta, ZCP vi 98.30 . ona baí ionaisttir leó an t-árach ina mbertaoi a chorp ... do dhenamh dho `as he was not able to march with them, to make for him the bier ...,' AFM iii 364.x . lé ndéantar othar don anam, ┐ lé gcuirthear ... ó bheith ionaistir i slighe na haithrighe é, TSh. 10460. As epithet of a messenger: dochuir C. a echlacha ... .i. Tairec Turusach ┐ Berraidhi Inasdair, RC xliii 14 § 8. ¤aithne capable of being recognised or acknowledged: nach tiobhairthe acht dod thogha | ionaithne na hasgadha `one sees that such gifts would not have been given thee except to mark thee out,' Aithd. D. 37 § 14. ¤aitire capable of acting as a surety: ni hinaitire ┐ ni hinraith, O'Curry 509 (< H 3.18, p. 258 ). ¤aitreba fit to be inhabited: ro láinbrisedh lais iatt conar bhó hionaittreabha inntibh (of castles that were demolished), AFM v 1386.12 . ¤allcaille ` fit for a ghost ' : aghaid glasban inalcaille le, CCath. 4023. ¤altena fit for (use as) a razor: ro thogaibh F. in luirg imremair athgeir inaltena, Stair Erc. 290. ¤amuis fit for military service: oclaech alaind inamhuis, D IV 2, 79ra24 . ? ¤áraig liable to be bound ? liable to give a pledge or guarantee ? : inarag .i. bith arag tar a cend ar na tarlaici a cinaidh for nech, O'Curry 467 (< H 3.18, p. 246 ). ¤ármaige `fit for a battle-field' : adv. co hinarmaighe (of a corpse) CCath. 4189. ¤baindse fit for a wedding-feast: flegha fuain .i. inbotha .i. inbainnsi .i. edach nuachuir, O'Curry 2067 (< H 4.22, p. 67 ). ¤béime capable of being censured, blame-worthy: má tá nidh inbhéime ann, gabhadh gach léaghthóir mo leithsgeul, Eochairsg. 17.34 . níorbh inbhéime an breitheamhnas tuaithe `the native law of the land should not be censured,' Keat. i 70.7 . ¤béla fit for the axe: etham frichnamha : tir inbela som (i.e. uncleared land), Laws iv 276.15 . ¤bésa customary: it hesidi at inbésa gl. quae ... fieri moris est, Ml. 45dr . is dusuidib ba inbesa gl. quibus moris erat, 31d12 . ¤bethe capable of being, fit to be: nabud inbethe iar n-aicniud (sic leg.) for oin `that it could not be by nature ...,' Laws i 156.16 Comm. co mbat ingnīma fri guin duine ┐ co mbat inbuithi fri tūaith `until they take their place in the tribe,' Cáin Ad. § 34. dibell .i. ní inbuithi in bello (sic leg.), O'Mulc. 311. ¤bíd fit for food ? : miach cruithnechta cruaid inbid, Laws ii 250.x . ¤boga like a bow: rella iongnáth ... ┐ crom stuagh urcrom ionbhogha eiste `a curved bow-like tail,' AFM v 1700.10 . ¤bruigne capable of taking part in a conflict: ógbhaidh fheardha ion-bhruighne `good in fight,' Content. xxix 26. ¤búana fit to be reaped: abaidh inbuana a tosach na ced mís d'foghmar, BCC 70.14 .

¤chaithme

(a) eatable, proper to be eaten: connach inchathmi do neoch ní cen shaethar, LL 285b43 . atā fleadh urlamh ionc[h]aithfe agum dhuit, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1607. biadh daingean ioncaithmhe, Eochairsg. 69.9 . Fig. ... thruailligheas an eagna dhiadha ó bheith ionchaithmhe, TSh. 8982.

(b) capable of being cast: a n-airm eadtroma ion-chaithmhe, Atlantis iv 196.3 .

¤chatha

(a) able to fight: is truagh lium méd an eigin a fuiled fir Eirenn ┐ gan mo beith féin inchatha leo, CF 400. ? As subst. : innus guma ferrde h'incathe `so that thou shalt be the better fitted to fight,' RC xix 32.y . ? To this,

(b) worth fighting for ? : madh incaithe crich .i. cathaige tar cend na criche, O'Curry 1988 (< H 4.22, p. 24 ).

¤chéile marriageable: iar mbeith inchéile agus ionchuinge dhó, ITS x 78.3 . ¤chennaig worthy to be bought ? : do ghrádh d'fithcheallaibh ní ḟuil | far b'inchendaigh clár cumdoigh, IGT Decl. ex. 524. ¤chinaid capable of (committing) an offence ? responsible ? : ar na bi nach soer fri tairmt[h]egd in domnaig ... di neuch bes incinaid, Anecd. iii 25.20 . ¤choganta (g. of congnad late form of congnam) able to help: an chuid eile d'á cloind do bí inchúganta, AU iii 546.4 . ¤cho[i]mge, ¤cho[i]mde worthy of protection: do chlú is ionchomhdha do Bhrian ... `it is B.'s duty to maintain thy fame,' Aithd. D. 19 § 13. ionchoimhdhe ar ndáinne mar as creidthe a gcanfaimne `my poem is to be heeded,' § 12 . ¤choisc able to restrain or resist ? : cosmail ra Ailill n-ucud ... n-inchoisc `zurückzuhaltenden (?)', TBC-LL¹ 5436. ¤choise capable of being traversed on foot: ag leanbh 'na áth ionchoise `a ford that even a child could cross,' Aithd. D. 60 § 30. ¤chomartha worthy of note: atáid trí neithe ionchomhartha do leith an bháis chorpardha, TSh. 8561. See also inchomartha subst. infra. ¤chomlainn able to fight, a match (for) : cach aen ara mbiadh sciath ar a scath, do neoch bus incomlaind, Laws i 158.4 . dáig ní hinchomlaind ┐ ní hinchomraic aithle chomraic Ḟir diad, TBC-LL¹ 5717. secht fichit laech ┐ secht fichit fer incomlaind (read n-in- ...) `seven score ordinary fighting men,' IT ii2 196.3 . ni rabi ... fer bad incomlaind do, Cog. 174.17 . ní hincomhluind tú fein rium-sa, ZCP vi 36.11 . dá dtig an t-aithrigheach do bheith láidir ionchomhlainn ris na holcaibh, TSh. 8944. ¤chommoídme worthy of being boasted of: cindedh comloinn ... rob incommaidmhe ... ar a ceile, MR 268.19 . ¤chommórtais comparable: re rígh Bréifne ní hionchomortais gl. re rígh B. ní measdae, Hard. ii 300.2 . ní raibh Leath Modha ionchommórtuis rinne, PCT 510. i ngeár-eolas na gCumas Neimhionchomórtas `the Incomparable Powers,' ITS x 78.1 . ¤chomparáite comparable: nach fuil cuingill inmesta [ná in-compráiti] itir an dorcadus ┐ an solus, De Contemptu 1276.

¤chomraic

(a) capable of giving combat, a match (for) : ní hinchomlaind ┐ ní hinchomraic aithle chomraic Ḟir diad, TBC-LL¹ 5717. ní hincomraic leanamh tri mbliadan déc, CF 404. ni hincomrac (read ¤raic) sluaigh na sochraiti ris re mét a nirt, ZCP vi 294.5 . nach incomruicc aenduine da nertmairecht risna righnuibh sin, Stair Erc. 1121. re tréithibh an té se ní hionchomhruic | céimionnas aonduine is fios domhsa `worthy to be pitted against,' Ó Bruad. ii 200.5 .

(b) fit to mate with, marriageable: co llín n-ingen n-aurlam n-inchomraic, LU 8714.

¤chomtha fit to be together with: Muirn Mheic Liag ... | níorbh ionchomtha í as m'anáir `is not fit to set beside,' TD 14 § 29. ¤Chon-Chulainn comparable with Cc.: adv. cuairt oirir co h-ion-Con-cculaind , ZCP ii 341.18 . Aodh go hionChon na hEamhna '[defending the province] as well as the Hound of Eamhain' DDána 320 § 30 , Ériu xx 85 . ¤chongbála proper to be kept, to be held : an duine nach tabhair an raed is intabhartha agus chonnmhas in raed is inchonnmhala, duine sanntach sin, ITS xxix 147.34 . d'eisiomlaruigh Criosd fein in tslighi so do bheith in-chonnmhala o bhreithir agus o ghniomh, 213.6 . ¤chosnaim able to defend: ro gabhsat na Goill ... acc denamh daingean-mhúr criadh ... co mbatar ionchosnaimh fri biodhbadhaibh `in a state to hold out against enemies,' AFM vi 2192.8 . ¤chotrebe to be dwelt (in) : adeir Galenus ... nach incaitreaba a comarsanacht na ndaine a n-a mbiad na galra gabaltacha, RC xlix 54.5 . ¤chreca capable of being sold, liable to be sold ? : ma ruca in flaith gubreth forin ceile is increca a riar de his tribute is liable to be sold as a result of it?, O'D. 519 (< H 3.17, col. 421 ). ¤chuinge fit for the yoke, marriageable: iar mbeith inchéile agus ionchuinge dhó, ITS x 78.3 . ¤chuir, ¤chora to be put, proper to be put, comparable: do cuiredh úair nárbh inchuir | cuiredh úaib ar Érendchaib, IGT Decl. ex. 711. geall cháigh 'na ucht dob ionchuir, TD 10 § 3. m'each iomchuir ... | do b'ionchuir srian dá seoladh, Studies 1933, 406 § 1 . úir budh ionchuir 'na haghaidh comparable with her, DDána 100 § 7. rob ionchuir é, ceann a cceann, | is inghean airdrīgh Éireand, KMMisc. 356 § 6. measaidh an Tighearna gurab ionchuir idir lucht an tsaidhbhris diommolta é =inter divites reprobos eum reputet Dominus, TSh. 9993. measaim ... gurab ionchuir ó theist é `I consider he should be rejected as a witness,' Keat. i 34.53 . aoibhneas ris nach ionchora, DDána 37 § 27. do chlann ní hionchora ón eire, 26 § 17. ¤Chuirc fit to be compared with Corc: ionChuirc do chuairt go Caiseal, 74 § 10. ¤chummannta fit to join a company (of warriors), able to fight: ni roibhi ... Eirristinech incumannta nach roibhi aran aensluagh-sin, ZCP vi 61.5 . ¤dála proper, peculiar (cf. is dáil do na mnáibh éadáil do dhéanamh da gach ionnmhus, Keat. ii 5323 ) : dob indala da gruaidh ghil | buaidh na hiomana an uairsin, ZCP ii 343.z . ¤dána `giftworthy' : an t-óglách óg iondána, TD 20 § 22. ¤degduine courteous, gallant: ri rob feli ┐ rob i.¤ tanicc d'feraib Erenn riam, Ann. Conn. 1230 § 9. na hairbheda órarmacha ... uasalbeoda indeghdáine (description of troops), Caithr. Thoirdh. 41.11 . ¤dénma, ¤dénaim capable of being made, (proper) to be made, capable of performing: mac bundsaidi ... mac da n-indenma no da n-indiubraic[th]i bundsach e a child by whom a rod can be made or hurled, O'Curry 559 (< H 3.18, p. 277 ). beag nach táinig mo théarma | a oirchill dob indéanmha preparation should have been made for it, Dán Dé v 1. ó tá ar n-agra indéinimh `for my suit is a fitting one,' Content. xxix 1. rún ní hindéanaimh orra it is not fitting to be secretive about them, DDána 55 § 2. flaith indéanaimh fhearachta an Iollánaigh, 83 § 19. ? To this : faghail ar ó bhfind Áonghasa | tre fholaidh nírb inndénmhasa, IGT Decl. ex. 858. ¤dermait to be forgotten, forgettable: goin th'ochta ní hindearmaid, DDána 52 § 36. mar dobínn 'ga gruaidh gelbuilc | docím úaim nach indermaid, Prolegomena 45 § 24. ¤Díarmata: fear é as inDiarmada Mhóir, DDána 299 § 29 . ¤dilg resembling a pin ? : indilg .i. cosmail fri delg ar amansi, O'Curry 811 (< H 3.18, p. 375a ). ¤dochonáig unlucky, unfortunate: is indoconáigh do rala dh' Ua Edhra sin, síth do dhénamh iarna arguin `this thing was unfortunate for O'H. ...,' ALC i 278.8 = Ann. Conn. 1225 § 12. ¤dola, ¤dula (proper) to be gone, able to go, traversable: ni hinndula daibhsi annsud, IT ii2 126.122 . ní hiondula uathadh sluaigh a ccath, CRR² § 23. asbertadar nár bó inndola isin tech, SG 319.16 . rolai Cir foirenn dia muntir dia ḟis nar indula doib in sruth, BB 7a23 . a fhearg ní háth iondula, DDána 100 § 30. an mhéid atá iondula amach do dhénamh cogaidh, Numbers i 3. ¤échta fit to perform feats, fit for military service: ro marbad cech óen ba inechta dia muntir, IT iii 516.745 . do mhnaibh ┐ do dhaoinibh nar bho hinechta itir, AFM iii 466.19 . ni therno duine inéchta dona v cathaib .xx. it, D IV 2, 77vb3 . ¤echthres suitable for horse-contests ? : ineachthreas .i. áonach, O'Cl. ¤ecna capable of wisdom: do cuiredh dá oileamhuin é gan beth ineagna dhó, RC xxxviii 134.4 . ¤éicin necessary: is inéigin sgéla d'fhiarfaighidh don othur opus etiam aegrotum ... inquiri, O'Gr. Cat. 282.3. ¤engnama capable of valiant deeds: ailebthair lim-sa go rop inengnama (of a whelp), TBC-LL¹ 1049. nir inengnuma e ro hocci it was not fit for action on account of (its) youth, Cog. 186.23 . ¤érce liable to be paid (as éric) : fuil setaibh acrai inerce `a wound [inflicted] in the course of levying a payment due,' BCrólige § 63 , glossed : indat ineirce seoit o acarar `for which chattels are payable when it is levied.' ¤ethaim suitable for tillage: cidh fearann ineathaim, cidh fearann aneathaim, O'D. 2318 (< Rawl. B 506, fo. 32d ). dá fis in etem no na inethem, O'D. 1656 (< H 5.15, p. 22b ). icá séna no icá imdénam fo aicned ethaim no inethaim, ib. ¤etig to be refused: an lucht eirgeas a heaslainte ┐ iarras biadh ... nach ineitigh iad, 23 P 10³, 27b27 . ¤ḟedma fit for military service, capable of efficient action: ger b'óg e dob ionfedhma, ZCP ii 343.35 . bui do ḟot a foistine ... isin Róimh ... conár bó [infe]adhma fri frestal cocaidh `fit to act in the service of warfare,' CCath. 332. gach uile arm infheadhma, O'Gr. Cat. 510.36. o ro batar gan tighearna infedhma aca deis Gofradha, AFM iii 364.18 . fear mo mheallta | mé 'na aighidh ní hinfheadhma, Dán Dé xvi 13. ... chuireas iad ó bheith infheadhma ré foghnamh do dhéanamh ré Dia, TSh. 7243. caiptín infheadhma `an efficient captain,' Keat. i 66.20 . As subst. `service due to a chief' : do thabairt infheadma catha leat, CF 541. ¤ḟéineda fit to be a warrior: no ingabdaís in mac comad infeíneda é, RC v 199.8 . ¤ḟeithme capable of watching over: lucht infheithmhe m'eoil `guides for my path,' Aithd. D. 52 § 18. ¤ḟíadnaise ` capable of giving valid evidence' : ní hinḟíadnaisi acht fri cach súaill re secht mblíadna[ib] .x., Críth G. 35. secht mbliadna .x. ais intan is infiadnaise im chur ┐ im cunnrad, ┐ a oct fichit a ais intan is infiadnaise im ruthrad ┐ im ferann, O'Curry 646 (< H 3.18, p. 311 ). fer bus infiadnaise, Laws iv 10.26 Comm. ¤ḟiled (?) fit for a poet: dúa infiliu, Ériu lix 126 § 8 . ¤ḟir marriageable: inghean Éadaoine ... ón uair rob' infhir, Aithd. D. 11 § 2. bean inḟir ... ┐ na mná inḟir, IGT Decl. § 135. infhir, IGT Introd. 33.4 . infhear, 5 . See also inir. ¤ḟlatha fit for a prince: secht nairm nilatha nō ninflatha, TBC-I¹ 2551. .uiii. n-airm n-indflatha, LU 6485. fuidell innḟlatha di cid dam co ti[n]ni, RC xxii 394.2 . go ngnuis aghaidh chaoín ionfhlatha ` chief-becoming ,' AFM vi 2236.4 . ¤ḟoglada fit for an outlaw: `is inḟoglaga in chuid sin' ar Fergus `Is fīr ōn, is cuid foglada acumsa' for C., TBC-I¹ 2353. ¤ḟolaig : ní budh ionḟolaigh air féin `anything which would be fitting to hide from him,' TD 17 § 62. ¤ḟorais fit to be a cattle-pound : o croaib inforais .i. o liasaib laegh; cidh ani inforais? .i. airm in hagedar nech in [leg. ni?] oga athgabail, CIH iii 887.20 ; see inḟorais. ¤ḟorba capable of inheriting family land: athair inorba, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 150 (transltd. `father who is capable of inheriting (family land),' ZCP xxi 320.20 . is riom ro herbad a choimét comad infhorba, SG 254.2 . ní roibhi cland L. inḟorba in tan sin, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 24.y . ¤ḟuirig to be waited for, worthy to be waited for: dearbthar ... nach infuiridh reisin tart `that we should not wait for thirst,' 23 P 10³, 42b1 . fríoth fear d'óigh rer ionfhuirigh `a virgin had won a spouse worth waiting for,' Aithd. D. 60 § 44. ¤ḟulaing endurable, permissable: is infulaig iar nomaid inhuitir ` to be maintained ,' BCrólige § 58. cis n-incis o anfine, ocus cis n-infuilaing o fine `a fair rent' (? quit-rent), Laws i 158.8 Comm. an ga bulga ag Coin Chuluinn | iomarcaidh narbh ionfhuluing an insupportable advantage ?, DDána 104 § 26. l eighes d'áilliugud na mban ocus más ar son a fer fen dogentar as infulaing, O'Gr. Cat. 210.19.

¤gabála

(a) fit to be taken, (liable) to be taken: ma ruca in flaith gubreth ... is ingabala a biadh ┐ a comaitecht dhe, O'D. 519 (< H 3.17, col. 421 ). ni ingill, ni ingabāla acht gell n-ōir no airgait no umai `anzunehmen ist nur ein Unterpfand von Gold oder Silber,' ZCP xv 314 § 8. secht tigi ingabala `seven habitable houses,' Laws i 104.31 Comm. muna ana, bid innascda ingabala to be captured , MR 144.8 . [as] rádh fírinneach so, agus atá sé ionghabhála ris worthy of acceptance , 1 Timothy iv 9.

(b) Of a prayer, to be recited: mád ingabala a ecnairc etir, RC xv 487 § 4.

¤galair sick, diseased: nocho ndenunn seig teg n-oidedh do bochtaib, no comuirge do lucht ingalar isin eclais, Laws v 122 n. 3 . co n-accai in fer n-ingalair dia dochum ... ocus se scithech mertnech, IT i 126.8 (TE) araile fer ingalar ` quidam lang[u]ens ,' PH 4435. As subst. : liaig fri hingallru `a physician for the sick,' Ériu ii 210.4 . ¤garma fit to be named: gion go ngoirthí ... | roileag Éireann d'iath Ghailian | ... is iongharma, DDána 100 § 31. ¤gerta fit for manure: ic fochartad in ottraig ingerta (` tallowy ,' but Thurn., ZCP xvi 211.27 , translates `des Dünger-Mists'), MacCongl. 91.10 . ¤gill fit to be accepted as a pledge ; later worthy, excellent: ní hingill ní hingabhala acht gell oir no airgit, ... ar ní hingill ní cheana for nothing else is acceptable, O'D. 711 (< H 3.17, col. 519 ). inghill d'ḟuil Ḟeidhlim `the pledgeworthy of Féilim's blood,' TD 10 § 4. dlighe ... báidh ret ealathain inghill worthy of thy skill, DDána 90 § 15. ní hinghill ... leat meise ar mhaille gcéimeann, Aithd. D. 41 § 13. ¤gníma capable of (warlike) action: for maccu encu co mbat ingnīma fri guin duine `until they are capable of slaying a man,' Cáin Ad. § 34. fiallaigh ingnima `of a party fit for action,' Laws iii 60.6 Comm. bad romoch lind ra gabais armu daig ar bith nít ingnima-su beus, TBC-LL¹ 1164. cor ása in cú hisin ┐ corop ingníma, LU 5028. ionnas nách raibhe naonmhar inghníomha no inshiúbhail aca, ML 142.23 . ¤gnímraid capable of work: in tan ... nach ingnimruigh iat, Laws ii 46.9 Comm. ¤gotha worthy of censure, blameworthy: ní budh ionghotha d'ḟior `anything that would earn reproach for a man,' TD 22a § 57 . ní faícim gurub ingotha tú, RC xix 32.12 (Fier.). ¤íarrata `to be sought for' : gurab í urnaighthe bhíos tarbhach an urnaighthe do-ní an fíréan ar ní iniarrata, TSh. 4538. ni ḟuil ainm áoin-easlaint iniarrata `desiderandum ,' 23 K 42, 262.10 . ¤ibhe fit to drink: fuair sibh an slógh | ar dhigh d'ól nochar bh'in-ibhe `by the undrinkable draught ...,' Dán Dé xvi 25. fíon dob olc inibhe, Aithd. D. 78 § 17.

¤ícca

(a) able to pay: mac i n-ais ica aithgena ... mac inaesa insen e ┐ ní mac inica, O'Curry 557 (< H 3.18, p. 274 ).

(b) curable: mad inice .i. má innleighis é, O'D. 870 (< H 3.17, col. 623 ).

¤imbertha proper to be inflicted: robadh in-imbertha dhuit bás ar in mnaoi `it would be fitting for you to inflict death on ...,' ITS v 76.9 . ¤immarbága fit to contend with: aen ragha urrigh na hErenn ... ar agh ┐ ar fhíruaisli co narb inimarbágha nech ris, AU ii 476.25 . ¤imrama fit to row upon: túarcabsat anbtine fríu co nár bó inimrama dóib in muir, TTr.² 1940. ¤imtechta fit to set out, ready to set out ; capable of being traversed: co nábo inimthechta in magh ... la himbed na coland, 1044 . a n-arthraigibh agas a longa inimtheachta, ML 44.22 = a n-ethair urlama, ML² 648. imirce na haithrighe do bheith urlamh inimtheachta aca, TSh. 4104. ¤indraig (a wound) requiring a tent ; by transference, the person on whom such a wound has been inflicted: secht seūit cacha inindrigh, Cáin Ad. § 44. isi in deithbhir [etir] na dá ininnraidh : eirgidh ina haonar amuich ┐ amach ┐ bidh ina suide gin duine ris an ininnraidh sé sét. In ininnraidh secht sét ní bidh gin guala fri hadhart no gin duine faoí, O'D. 834 (< H 3.17, col. 595 ). telgudh fola do. Ma ri talmain na fola inindrigh crochadh in bidbadh ind, O'Curry 46 (< H 3.18, p. 17a ). in ime frisin n-inindraig `the fence [prop ?] against the bandage wound,' Ériu xii 132.25 . ¤lachta : bó i.¤ a milch-cow, a cow in milk ? : tabuir na ceithri ba so fris na sé bu déc inlachta, O'D. 246 (< H 3.17, col. 197 ). ¤láich fit for a hero, heroic: do sil Lugdach Laga inlaich, BB 232b30 . ¤láig capable of bearing a calf ? : bó innláoigh ... na ba indláoigh, IGT Decl. § 135. ¤lego curable, able to profit by the treatment of a leech: ised adbered cach liaig dīb ... nā bad beō ┐ nā bad indlego (inleghis, v.l.) itir, TBC-I¹ 2781. cach fer atdered ... ní ba hindlega, TBC-LL¹ 4280. ¤leigis curable: foclaidh liath (leg. liaig) coitchend gunat inleighis 'an impartial physician declares that he is curable', Mar. Dis. 30 § 8 . do breith gach ain budh inleighis dibh co hait a leighis, CF 974. atrubratar ... a lega friss nar indlegis itir he, LB 143a23 . is inothrais ┐ is inleigis iat, Acall. 5258. adubhradar ... nar bhó galar inleighis bai fair, O'Don. Gram. p. 274.28 (<BFerm.). ar n-othar nach indleighis, IGT Decl. ex. 1372. ¤leithscéil excusable: is ro annadh (= annamh) is inleithsgéil ainbhfhios don tsamhuil-si, Donlevy 146.9 . ¤leógain lion-like: Búrcaigh na mbeart n-inleóghain, TD 17 § 17. a dhreach inleoghain, Aithd. D. 46 § 1. ¤lesa profitable ? : nach inlesa .i. doroine a lles fadesin, O'Curry 875 (< H 3.18, p. 392b ). ? ¤lesuigthe capable of maintaining: ata soithceach inlesuighe acud (leg. acu) ┐ ni denuit in gaire `they have sufficient wealth but they do. not perform the maintenance,' Laws iii 54.23 Comm. ¤locha fit to float on a lake: gan bhád ionlocha, DDána 120 § 12. ¤lochta blame-worthy ? : inlochta fraic folach, O'Dav. 995. inlochta .i. ro airlithar foladh mna, O'Curry 464 (< H 3.18, p. 245 ). ¤lóga, ¤lúaig worthy to receive a reward: ? is lúthamail nó is ionlogha tainic an ghein ... gormrosccach ó gnlan-baistedh, Misc. Hag. Hib. 111 § 35. degh-oibre ionluaigh a bhfiadhnuisi De, Parrth. Anma 114.15 . subháilcheach ┐ dubháilcheach, ionluaigh ┐ neimhionluaigh, Desiderius 15.y. ¤maídim worthy to be boasted of (see moídem) : ní hionmhaoidhimh dhí a ndéineann, TD 26 § 51. ní barr budh ionmhaoidhimh air `it is not a superfluity which should be grudged to him,' 28 § 38. dul i n-uaigh ní hionmhaoidhimh `His burial is nothing for us to congratulate ourselves on,' Aithd. D. 59 § 11. gan aéin ceim badh ionmaoidhim re a fhaghbail, AFM vi 2120.1 . ¤mara sea-worthy, fit to go to sea: ar na fagbaitis Ecceptacda trealma ionmara ... dia ttarróchtain, Leb. Gab.(i) 198.19 . urmhor fer nErend do neoch roptar ionmara díobh `such of them as were fit to go to sea,' Cog. 136.14 . na huile longa ... co mbetis ellma [inmara], CCath. 3269. ¤mesca (capable of) intoxicating: co lennaib inmescaib, LU 9048. lestra mára co ndeglind i.¤ , RC ix 478.3 . ¤molaid worthy of praise: gan rígh 'na chomhraghain sin d'airrdhibh ionmholaidh `without peer among kings for splendid traits,' Aithd. D. 76 § 6. ¤múinte teachable (?): níor bh’ionmhuinte bior dhíbh sin, Duan. F. i 29.35 . ¤núachair marriageable: do bhí ar an ordughudh sin go mbeith io[n]nuachair di, IT ii2 111.28 . go bhfaghbha th'fhear ionnuachair, DDána 97 § 6. ar mbeith ionnuachair dhi do pósadh ré hAonghus í, Keat. ii 4909. ¤óclaig (see óclach) worthy of a warrior (of a woman, marriageable, attractive (?): of a man, manly): mása inógláigh an ben pósta curab so-grádach ó cach hí `of marriageable age,' De Contemptu 672. chonnairc hi go hog aluinn ionoghlaidh, Béaloideas xiv 223.28 . In the same text, of a man: is urusa duit fear og ionoglaidh dfaghail fit to be a warrior ?, ib. 31 . Cf. is blaith inócclach iad da méte fein ` warrior-like ' (of pygmies), Maund. § 186 ; and declined: daine maithi inóglacha, § 262. ¤óenaig fit for an assembly, festive (of attire): cloidhemh ordhuirn inaonaigh ina láimh, Anecd. i 76.11 . sreath ... | d'am[h]ruibh ionáonaigh, Ériu ix 163 § 5. ar aibídibh áilne ionaonaigh an ionnracais, TSh. 6964. go dtéid drong go teach na bainse ar a rabhadar earraidh ion-aonaigh vestis nuptialis, Eochairsg. 128.6 . ¤óla drinkable, ready to be drunk: i ngaineam thirímm cen usce ind itir bud inóla, Alex. 643 = indola, BB 494a23 . fledh aige ar na hullmugadh | ... do bi an taim-sin ionola, ZCP ii 344.2 . ¤othrais curable, able to benefit from medical treatment: dech let in ba hinothrais iat nó in ba hinleighis, Acall. 5256. is inothrais ┐ is inleigis iat mád maith mo luag leighis-sea, 5258 . ¤pháirte capable of making an alliance: ceadh 'ma badh ionpháirte inn | is fear mh' iomcháinte ar th' uillinn, DDána 101 § 20. ¤phósta capable of marrying: ní fuilim inposta aniugh, uair atá aingcis tromgalair ar mbualadh orum, ZCP vi 63.1 . ¤radairc visible: don ḟirmamhaint do-ní neimh | nach inradhairc í d'ḟáidhibh, IGT Decl. ex. 657. ¤ráid, ¤ráda fit to be mentioned, proper to be said, noteworthy: cearc Bhoirche ... | gér chúis iomráidh a hainm sin | ní gairm ionráidh mar aisgidh, Studies 1921, 257 § 3 . an té [as] ainm nach ionráidh (of Satan), A. Ó Dálaigh xlviii 4. is ria as ionrádha airdrí, DDána 55 § 9. an focal budh fhearr ionrádha, PBocht 6 § 34. ní lóir-ghníomh is ionráidh ris, acht lórfhulang, TSh. 4912. urnaighthe as ionráidh le togbhail an chuirp naomhtha, Parrth. Anma 328.3 . ¤ráith ` capable of undertaking suretyship': húare ... nád n-inráith friu ... ar lagait a ḟolaid, Críth G. 130. ni hinaitire ┐ ni hinraith, O'Curry 509 (< H 3.18, p. 258 ). sai inraith etym. gl. on sruith, O'D. 1552 (< H 5.15, p. 1a ). ¤retha fit to run: go dtig ... nach bí inreatha i rian na haithrighe, TSh. 10442. ¤ríg kingly, fit for a king: gémad innrígh a oinech, Acall. 222. ni hinríogh an té thoghas `not kingly is he who resolves thus,' TD 20 § 3. As adv.: is inrigh doronadh in fobairt sin, CCath. 3514. ¤ríge fit for kingship, eligible for kingship: ní táinic Tórna ... co Temraig ... corbo inríge in mac, SG 327.12 . nirb' inrighae Nuadoo iar mbeim a laime de, RC xii 60 § 14. ¤ríme worthy to be calculated: corradh mór ar thrí mhíle | ríomhthar tria réim inrímhe `are counted in the worthy records,' Content. xv 70. ¤ronna fit to be divided: eighriocht í nach ionronna `an inheritance unfit for division,' TD 24 § 38. ¤rúin fit to be trusted: ionrúin mé, ní misde dhuid `I am worthy of trust, thou art in no danger,' 40 § 8 . duine éadmhar ní hionrúin, Dánta Gr. 39.4 . ¤scene like a knife ?: insgeine, insgean, IGT Introd. p. 33 , 25 - 26 . ¤scuir fit for separating, to be separated: faithe inscuir a plain fit for unyoking horses ?, Laws ii 116.14 Comm. faithcle insguir inuithir `a green of separation for the sick,' 12.19 . daoibh ót uabhar dob' ionsguir you must part with your pride, DDána 56 § 13. ¤sgagaid fit to be strained ?: do thionnsgnaduir cradh dá chionn | sul rabh lionn insgaguidh ann, IGT Decl. ex. 1279. ¤shelga capable of hunting: ro forbair in mac ... cur ba hinselga e, RC v 199.9 . ¤shíl suitable for seed ?, favourable to growth ?: drúcht inshíl an fhóid iodhain, Aithd. D. 7 § 39. ¤shítha worthy of peace, able to be reconciled: o nach insitha m'oti-si ┐ Ruaidri reroili, Ann. Conn. 1315 § 8. dá [n-infhíocha] Dia gach duine | cia as inshíotha acht Muire amháin `who merits peace ... ?,' Dán Dé x 31. ¤shiubail able to walk: eirigh-si ... co Ráith Deiscirt ... oir ní inṡiubhail mhisi, Imr. Brain 66.26 . anaitt athaidh and sin ag Conall nō gurbhó hinsiubal é (C. had been wounded), ZCP xiv 252.16 . da bris craidhi na heigsi ... co nach insibail `cannot progress,' AU ii 488.11 . ro bai manach dibh ┐ galar cos fair ┐ docuaidh i ccosaibh in righ, ┐ ba hinsiubail siumh fein, BNnÉ 298 § 38. ¤shlúagaid able to fight, fit for military service: gach nech dob innsluagad (leg. -aid ?) dá raibh isin tír, ALC ii 244.2 . do rala teidhm tinneasa ┐ gabhadh ger eassláinte dó ... co nár bo hiontsluaighidh an tan sin hé, AFM vi 2234.9 . ní hionshluaghaidh séad mar sain `not to be carried on hosting' (of a drinking cup), Aithd. D. 9 § 16. ¤shluind significant, worth mentioning: insluind cach ran `mentionable is every splendid one,' O'Dav. 1350. ¤shnadma fit to be bound: síoth gémadh ionṡnadhma ann `even though it be possible to make peace about it,' TD 23 § 1. ¤shnáma fit for swimming in: ní dligther snámh do mhúnadh dhóibh muna raibhe uisce inshnamhadh a comhfochruibe dia n-aitibh, Laws ii 156.10 Comm. uisci inshnámha ..., 158.4 Comm. ¤shóid able to bring happiness or good fortune: terc nach inshóidh do'n fhedhain `a scant one of the force but is adapted to secure a good event,' O'Gr. Cat. 502.19. ¤shómpla fit to be an example: an úaimh re mbí ad bharánta | sí ar n-úair as ionshómpla, IGT Decl. ex. 124. ¤tachair capable of engaging in combat with: terc aonfer a intachair, Caithr. Thoirdh. 131.24 . ¤tadaill able to come: ní deoraidh mise i Manainn | mé eiste ní hiontadhaill, Aithd. D. 23 § 1. ¤táeba, ¤táebaid, ¤táib worthy of trust: ní hintaebha na daine coimhigche, ZCP vi 289.z . tiocfaid na síona saobha | nach budh haimsear iontaobha, PBocht 25 § 7. ní hiontaobhaidh glóir Gaoidheal (: mbliochtchraobhaigh), DDána 118 § 26. an dream do-bheir faill 'na gcáirdibh ... nach iontaobha iad, TSh. 4624. rún truagh ó nar bh'iontaoibh iad `dread was their purpose, making them dangerous,' Aithd. D. 97 § 24. ¤taisfenta worthy to be expounded: in neoch ba hintaisfenta leis (of knowledge), O'Curry 896 (< H 3.18, p. 399 ). ¤techta, ¤tochta capable of going, to be gone, (fit) to be traversed: bid indtechta tria críathar n-átha bar mbrúar, BDD² 1294. bá intechta a himmelchrícaib in domain dia taidbriud, LL 234b13 . masadt idan-su ... is amlaid is intochta daid isin log, BB 496b32 . is relta inchoisc eolais moir ... Is intochta le we must go with it, Aen. 605. ní ba hintechta ... ar terci usci, BB 496b9 . ¤tinn capable of severity ?, capable of giving battle ? (see 2 tend): nochan in-tinn mé rem mian | dom inntinn is sé do sdiúr `I am not vigorous,' Dán Dé xxiii 31. ¤tnúith able to emulate, to be desired, worthy to be loved: ní bhíodh ag sgaoileadh an sgrioptúir | aoinfhear dhíobh rer bh'ionntnúidh é `aonduine do féadfaí do chur i gcomparáid leis,' DDána 59 § 21. móid re t'oireacht ní hiontnúith `nobody desires to conspire against your people,' RC xlix 173 § 29. [dál] an scrioptúir ó Dhia dhún | cia nach iontnúidh res an eol who does not desire knowledge ?, DDána 3 § 2. do ghlór an sgrioptúir an sgéal | mór as iontnúidh a n-aibéar `pleasant is the tale,' Dán Dé v 22. Moire as iontnúidh d'fhior `Mary who deserves man's love,' A. Ó Dálaigh xlix 3. ¤toga acceptable: duan molta intoga ic Dia, Lib. Hymn. i 193.6 . permissable ?: do b'iontogha olc na bhfear | um ghort lionntana Laighean `do b'fhiu an tír sin gach rud dar fhuilngeadar ar a son,' DDána 117 § 5. ¤toidechta, ¤taidechta worth coming: gurb intoidechta d'ḟeraib Erenn ... fo dhaighin ... fogluma it was worth their coming to learn, MR 266.z . rop intaidhechta ... do shluagh Fodhla, 312.13 . ¤toile desirable: na nógánachaibh iontoile, Ezekiel xxiii 12. ¤tomais able to weigh: ní h-in-tómais an mead `the scales is not fit for measuring,' De Contemptu 1267. ¤troda fit to contend: iar na tuiccsin dó na baoí introda frisan ngasraidh ..., AFM vi 2078.20 . ¤túir worthy to be sought after: sgéal é ónab iontúir neamh a tale which shows heaven to be worth seeking after, DDána 37 § 5. ¤turuis fit for a journey: ní bhíd ionturuis ré triall i raon na haithrighe go neamh, TSh. 9385.

(b): ¤accartha to be sued for: cella oc na hinagurta d'oirchinnechaib eneclunn ┐ ce agruit, nocho dir, Laws v 128 n. 1 . ¤áigthe to be feared: in cath cruadh inaigte, CCath. 3623. ¤áirimthe fit to be reckoned, considerable: anté ... léiges de aithfrend nó cuid bhús ionáirimthe d'aithfreann déisdeacht lá saoire ..., Ó Héodhusa 162.3. ¤anta to be waited: gearr dá éis budh ionanta `not long may I abide after him,' Studies 1924, 87 § 14 . ¤attrebtha later ¤áittreibthe habitable: mád ind Assia bec nirbó inatrebtha ule ... la drochthuth na fola, TTr.² 1047. annsa chuid ionáitreibhthe da thalamh, Proverbs viii 31. ¤beite proper to be: ní hinbheithte dá ghruaidh ghloin | 'na aon i n-aghaidh phobuil, DDána 75 § 16. ¤benta (di) to be taken: inbheanta dhíom a ndlighthior `I must make those amends,' Aithd. D. 34 § 4. ¤brethnaigthe to be considered: as iad so na halluis as inbreathnuighthe do theacht chum slainte sudores saluberrimi censentur, 23 K 42, 197 .z. atáid neithe examhla inbhreathnuighthe isin bfual, 134.7 . ¤buailte able to fight: dá mbeith féin ionbhuailte ré Bhrian, Keat. iii 3987. ¤cháinte to be disparaged: ní hioncháinte an chrích co huilidhe ar a son, i 58.53 . ¤chairigthe to be censured: fil secht n-innerghe ... incáirighte, Laws iii 64.24 Comm. ¤chathaigthe fit to give battle: ro fhás a mbrigh ... gurbh ionchathaighthe gach aoin fhear, Cog. 216.15 . nocha n-ionchaighthe (leg. ionchathaighthe) sinne ar ndís, thusa ┐ do dhá láimh agad ┐ misi ar lethláimh, Comp. CC 131.26 . ¤chertaigthe to be corrected: cidhbé certaíghes é féin ní fuil sé incertaighthe o neoch eile gl. qui seipsum corrigit non est corrigendus, O'D. 847 (< H 3.17, col. 603 ). ¤chintaigthe blameworthy: as inchiontuighthe an tí do ní iad so dá dheoin féin gan riachtanus ... dá choimhéigniughadh, Desiderius 2606 . ¤choiscthe to be checked: tuig da d[t]isi ... a tosach na haicsisi nach incoisge (leg. incoisgthe ?) hi (of vomiting), 23 P 10³, 14b19 . ¤chomardaigthe equally to be esteemed ?: ar mhírbhuilibh inchomhardhaighthe eile `other worthy miracles,' O'Gr. Cat. 36 § 15. ¤chométa to be observed, to be kept: is iad ... riaghlacha is ionchoiméadta re scríobhadh stáire, Keat. i 56.28 . an ród díreach is ionchoimhéadta ré triall ar neamh, TSh. p. 304. ¤chommesta to be compared: ni hionchoimhmeasta ría íad, Proverbs viii 11. ¤chreite credible, trustworthy: ní hinchreti d'ánradaib sretha siabairthi ... saeb-forcetail na sean-druad, MR 190.2 . ní cosmhail go madh inchreidte ó leabhraibh nó ó eólchaib, ML 28.22 . ma's increitti da gheinemhain as increitti da bas ┐ da eiseirghi, ITS xix 58.21 . ní fhuil ... fiadhnaise inchreidte ar na neithibh seo againn, Keat. i 10.39 . credendum est `is inchreitte,' TSh. 4971. ¤chúartaigthe to be visited: an chathair ionchúartuighthe, Jeremiah vi 6. ¤chuirthe to be put: as ionchuirthe a n-ionguntas it is to be wondered at, BNnÉ 156.10 . ¤chumannta ?: ni roibhi ... Eirristinech incumannta nach roibhi aran aensluagh-sin ` capable of fighting ,' ZCP vi 61.5 . ¤damnaigthe to be condemned: go bhfuil obair na bhfiren iondamnaighte, Luc. Fid. 309.7 . ¤dénta to be done, fit to be done: doberait-sium aithis do Dia oc ainmniugud a ball for leith, mar nach indénta as ought not to be done, PH 7326. don túaruscbail fúarusa ... aran tír so ní hindénta comnaidhi innti `it is not fit to be inhabited,' Maund. 114. ro fiarfaigh ... crét do badh indénta frisan mac, BNnÉ 40.7 . is eadh budh indéanta dona daoinibh, iad féin d'ollmhughadh, TSh. 2651. as iondéunta gan féoil d'ithe na fíon d'ibhe, Romans xiv 21. ¤dergaigthe fit for the spreading of a couch in: ba he dlús a n-iomaircc gomadh indherghoighthe do rígh nó do rioghoin ar lár an atha da n-éis, ZCP x 293.y . imdaid indluigthe indergithi do ríg nó rígain, Manners and Customs iii 450.5 . ¤diommolta to be blamed: an tí chuireas cruinniughadh ... air (viz. on riches) ... atá indiommolta go mór, TSh. 10055. ¤diubraicthe fit to be cast, capable of being cast: cia aes in mac in aired is ainm do ... giall ... mac bundsaidi indside mac da n-inddenma, no da n-indiubraici bundsach e insen, O'Curry 559 (< H 3.18, p. 277 ). an tan batar a n-iodhnadha áigh urlamh indiubraicthe, AFM iv 1214.17 . ¤dlomtha proclaimable : rom dlomsat nīrb indlomhthai 'they gave notice to me, it should not have been done', Ériu lix 126 § 8 ​. ¤dóertha (or perhaps under (a) fit to be enslaved: rodairait cach oen rob indairtha, Cog. 80.4 . ¤dolta to be gone: nīrb iondolta ann (of Hell), ZCP xii 381.26 . nírbh iondolta don ród ríogh `we should not have left the royal road,' Aithd. D. 84 § 30. ¤ecclaigthe to be feared: is ineagluighthe dhuit guais na slighe atá romhat, TSh. 7760. ... is ionghuighthi dona hainglibh ┐ is in-eagluighthi dona tighearnaibh, ITS xxix 177.19 . Compar. ní ... is ineagluighthe ioná an bás, TSh. 1058. ¤ḟaomtha to be consented to: do fhaomh é is nír ionfhaomhtha `he gave his consent—it should never have been given,' Aithd. D. 94 § 5. ¤ḟéchta worthy to be looked at: ní hé gurb infhéachta ar ndreach, Dánta Gr. 16.7 . ¤ḟiafraigthe to be asked: as infhiafraighthi annso cred fár ..., ITS xix 80.13 . ¤gabtha to be accepted, acceptable: ni hingill ni hingabtha acht geall oir no airgid, O'Curry 723 (< H 3.18, p. 347 ). gach ród nach iongabhtha d'fhior to be taken , Dán Dé vi 2. go bhfuil an fhaoisidin ionghabhtha éigeantach, O'Gr. Cat. 39.4. ní hiongabhtha arán na heagna bréige uatha do bhríogh laibhín Lúitéir, TSh. 8980. gach nidh ... do bheith ionghabhtha do láthair Dé acceptable , Eochairsg. 53.23 . níor bh'ionghabhtha a theist ar Éireannchaibh, Keat. i 36.93 . ¤gerrtha: gl. lacerandum, Gild. Lor. n. 17. ¤glactha acceptable: aithnighid puisínigh an fíréin créd is ionghlactha `the lips of the righteous know what is acceptable,' Proverbs x 32. 's go mbiadh mo bhóta inghlactha, Hard. i 28.13 . ionghlachta i láthair Dé, De Imit. 77.6 . an aimsir as ionglactha dochum na faoisidne, Parrth. Anma 339.17 . ? ¤glúaiste requiring to be removed ?: co ras-tisad eicen adbul ingluaisti chuci ` irremovable ,' TTr. 970. ionghluaiste moveable , O'R. ¤goirthe to be called: do ghníomh féin as ionghoirthe dhe it is to be called your own deed, Mac Aingil 302.6 . ¤guidthe to be invoked: atá an Ógh Bheandaighthi so iniarrata roimh gach uile dhuine, agus atá si inghuighthi amhail righain ... flaitheamhnais Dhia, ITS xxix 206.12 . is se in ceand sin is ionghuighthi dona hainglibh, ┐ is ineagluighthi dona tighearnaibh, 177.18 . ¤íarrtha to be sought for: a shamhail sin is iniarrtha ré guidhe talis requirendus est ad orandum, TSh. 4541. ¤imbertha to be inflicted: robadh in-imbertha dhuit bás ar in mnaoi `you would have to put to death the wife ...,' ITS v 76.9 . ¤ite edible: biadh tirm inithte, Eochairsg. 69.5 . cnúas comh-abaidh ... inite `ripe edible nuts' (innte, inithche, v.ll.), BNnÉ 239 § 170. ¤labartha to be spoken: is innlabartha do na leighesaibh, O'Gr. Cat. 175.x . ¤laigthe fit for lying on: cuireatar an abhand as a hait ... cur bo hionadh iondlaicthi (ionluice, v.l.) do rignaibh et do ro-mhnaibh for lár an átha, TBC-LL¹ p. 547 n. 5 (Stowe). ¤légtha legible: gan aoínleabhar dhíobh do bheith inléaghtha do neach, Keat. iii 1694. ¤léicthe to be let, to be loosed: neart Gall ... | ní hinléigthe ar Eoghanchaibh, DDána 74 § 34. ... nach inlicti in cuisle don otar `the patient should not be bled,' Rosa Angl. 30.14 . ¤lenta to be followed, to be pursued: clann Osnaidhe as inlenta O.'s children can be traced, ZCP xiii 18 § 6. ní ní is inleanta a ndubhart what I said ought not to be followed up (in sense of proceeded against, avenged) ii 356.13 . cóir 'na fhuil gérbh inleanta `though He had to avenge His blood,' Aithd. D. 65 § 26. ní hinleanta air `there is no need to continue,' TD 13 § 42. an réim ... is innleanta san aithrighe, Eochairsg. 84.11 . an ród díreach is inleanta ar lorg Críost, TSh. 8049. ¤lúaidte worthy to be mentioned: ni hion-luaidhte deilbh bhan an domhain ag féachain deilbh na hinghine sin, ITS i 64.2 . ¤maínigthe (worthy) to be treasured ?: inmain .i. inmāinight[h]e é, Corm. Y 762. ¤marbtha fit to be killed: gach aon rob ionmharbtha (inéchta, text) ann, Cog. 80 n. 3 . co tuc[sam] fo gin gae ┐ claidim gach aen rob inmarbtha inti, Aen. 13. nír bo hionmarbhtha sidhe idir ge ro baoi tuilleadh ar chéd bliadhain d'aoís `whom it was not becoming to have killed,' AFM v 1734.13 . ¤mescaigthe capable of intoxicating: ba somblas a linn, ba inmescaigthe, Irish Texts i 3 § 8 (MS inmescaiḡ, Bethu Brigte 41 n. 56 ). ¤mesta to be compared, to be thought likely, conceivable: or ba hinmeasta a n-esbada gus in Mairt miscnig ... `not considerable' (capable of being compared ?), MR 110.16 . an tí thréigfeas é féin mar cheannach ar Chríost, nach inmheasta go dtréigfidhear Críost leis ..., TSh. 8007. is inmeasta sin as an sgéal léaghthar, 5205 . ní hinmheasta an tí do bhí isna cumhachtaibh seo do bheith fa chíoscháin ag an rígh Artúr, Keat. i 14.38 . is inmheasda dhúinn go bhfuil Dia fírcheart `we ought to consider,' Donlevy 374.1 . cionnas is inmheasda dhó go mbiaid a shearbhfhóghantuighe díleas dhó `how can he expect ...,' 478.25 . ¤moídte worth boasting of: ó'n Saoirbrethach do Domnall gin gurab inmháiti, O'Gr. Cat. 128.22 (scribal note on Eg. 88). ní hinmhaoidhte i n-Inis Luighdheach | ... caoi do dhéanamh, DDána 110 § 17. ¤molta praiseworthy, commendable, requiring to be praised: atait se coingill chum na fiadhnaise do beth inmolta, O'D. 849 (< H 3.17, col. 603 ). na mol munab inmolta nech, Ériu v 126 § 2 . a naemtecht foirbthe ┐ a mbethaid inmolta, Lism. L. Pref. xxii 23. a thionnlaicthe luatha ... is uaisle as ionmholta dhúin, Aithd. D. 58 § 8. ¤múinte capable of being taught: chomhluath agus bhíd ionmhúinte (of children), Donlevy Pref. xxi 11. ¤nochta to be revealed: ní hionnochta dhúinne dhíobh | rúine ionganta an airdríogh, PBocht 11 § 25. ¤obtha to be refused: lámh as truime tabharta | grádh uirre nírbh' ionobtha, 19 § 2. ¤ráite to be said, capable of being said: ? ní fuil ... aenlaech damad indraithi go toitfedh C.C. leis, ZCP x 303.25 . cá ham is ionráidte Amen, Donlevy 430.23 . ¤reactha ?: a fhearg uadh ní hinreactha `should not be proclaimed too much,' Aithd. D. 65 § 26. ¤ríartha to be subdued or disciplined: gell n-ungi tra do maigin ir-rér fir a diri mad inriart[h]ae imbie (of one who violates the Cáin Domnaig), Anecd. iii 23.11 . ¤ríata capable of being travelled: tromcheó ... connarb inríata dó in chonar, LU 8512. ¤rígtha fit to be made king: cet fer n-armach n-innrightha, TBC-LL¹ p. 197 n. 4 . mac óc nach inrígtha ara óice, SG 50.29 . ¤shechanta ( ¤tsechanta) to be avoided: bud inshechanta dona mnaib nó dona feruib le budh ail a n-óghacht do coimhed, caidriub a céli 'sa saeghal-sa, BCC 106.y . o gehennalis regio fugienda ... ó a fhlaithis intseachanta ifrinn, TSh. 6594. is intseachanta air an drong ... `it should be avoided by those ...,' Rosa Angl. 60.1 . ¤shuite `fit to be dwelt in': ré déanamh áruis na hanma ionshuidhte dhó féin, TSh. 8766. ¤smuaintigthe to be considered: atait tri neithi is insmuaintighthi, Mackinnon Cat. 59.23 . ¤tabartha to be given: nocha n-intaburta som[aine] don o[irchindech], Laws v 128 n 2 . is annsan aicid so doreir Galenus nach intabairt (v.l. intabartha, which read) leiges ..., RC xlix 17.z . ¤tsamluigthe capable of being compared: as na briathraibh se is iontuigthe gurab iontsamhluighthe na peacaidh ┐ na prímh-fhiabhrais re chéile, TSh. 7888. ¤tóebtha (worthy) to be trusted: cia is iontaobhtha d'fearaibh Breagh | díomsa dá ndeachadh Fínghean, Ir. Review 1913, 625 § 19 . an tan do fhásfadh lonn laoich Luighdheach ... nar bh'iontaobhtha do neach é, Keat. ii 4530. ¤trécthe to be avoided: ni hed as inntrecthi in peccad ann (viz. on Sunday), PH 7362. ¤tuctha to be brought, to be given, to be applied or ascribed: atá ní oile san ghníomh so is iontugtha dhúinn dár n-aire, TSh. 2459. an teagasg dob' ionntugtha don oide faoisidine dhó to be given to him by the confessor, Eochairsg. 84.37 . ní hiontugtha anfhlaith air the term tyrant is not to be applied to him, Keat. iii 4149. dobheirid caoga bliadhan do fhlaitheas do Ch. gidheadh ní hiontugtha dhó acht tríocha, i 84.39 . an duine do-bheir an raed is intuctha agus chonnmhas an raed nach indtuctha, is e sin an duine fial, ITS xxix 147.31 - 2 . ¤tuicthe to be understood: as na briathraibh se is iontuigthe gurab iontsamhluighthe na peacaidh ┐ na prímh-fhiabhrais ré chéile, TSh. 7888. is iontuigthe dhuitsi ... nach rabhassa ion-fheadhma ris an aimsir so a bhfuilim ag coimhéad na leapa, Maguires of F. § 56.

lán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lán or dil.ie/29542
Last Revised: 2019

 

adj o,ā.

I As adj.

(a) full, full (of), filled (with): corbo lān ule an rúsc imme, BColm. 60.15 . secht fichet long lan, Irish Texts ii 3 § 21 . do ghroid-dhíoladh na tonnaidhe lána, Keat. Poems 531. With follg. dat.: cach airfortach lan lubaib, SR 393 = lan do luibib, LB 109a ( MacCarthy 38.18 ). With gen.: croch in martir Phetair / cona ṡlúag l.¤ gaile, Fél. Jan. 11 . ba l.¤ ratha in spiruta noeim he, PH 316 . slatchuill glegheala mar budh l.¤ láeghḟola, IGT Decl. ex. 622 . a n-uaisli fa l.¤ lethtruim, L. Cl. A. B. 258.4 . gach doman lan bo is brugad, Irish Texts ii 19 § 22. With prepp. DI: is lan dineuch thórnther gl. plenum esse aliquem eius quod significatur, Sg. 59b18 . líntar l.¤ di fín, Wb. 11b13 . corupsa l.¤ diib gl. gaudia, Ml. 104d3 . inna maige robtar lana di assaraib, 48d12 . lestar lan do rath in spirta naim, Laws i 6.20 Comm . oighen l.¤ do grísaig, Hib. Min. 77.14 = aigen lain grischa, 34 . gebid lamchloich . . . dar bo l.¤ a glacc, TBC-LL¹ 1181 . bat lana beóil fer ṅ-hErend ┐ Alban din anmum sin, TBC-LL¹ 1055 . isat lana renda nime . . . do nuallguba, IT i 191.23 . at lána na dúile dím-sa, ar in cóimdiu, PH 3405 . in méis lan do bíud, 1318 . do bhí mé . . . / l.¤ dom anáil ón uabhar `puffed up with pride', Studies 1924, 87 § 16 . don anam bhíos l.¤ do theasbhach ó theinidh purgadóra, TSh. 4429. With ó: ro-ptar lana na hapstail o fhín in ratha spirutalda, PH 5510. (cryptic) loscan .i. lan, Goid. 77 § 152 (Dúil Laithne) , ZCP xlix-l 612 .

(b) Various other applications: os gach luing láin ample, IGT Decl. ex. 750 . intan bus l.¤ a rig don dornaisc when his wrist is big enough to fill the ring, Ériu i 124.5 . Of space of time whole, complete : mí l.¤ , Thes. ii 339.2 ( Hy. v 46 ). fer dorigni inna gnima sin i nraptar l.¤ a cóic bliadna, LU 4968 (= slána, TBC-I¹ 482 ). batar lana trí coícait bliadan, LL 22267 . secht ṁbliadna lana, SR 3381 . bliadain lan dó oc tinól na flede, LU 8042 ( FB 1 ). bliadain láin for a whole year, Auraic. 5299. dí bliadna lána dóib iarsin i ndelbaib sen-én, LL 246b6 . re leith bliadain lain, BB 53b25 .

Of full tide etc.: in tan bha lan in muír dothigeadh tar in dor sin, BB 26b20 . ucht ar indber l.¤ , Ériu iv 220.5 . sruth locha láin, Dán Dé xxvii 28 . do dhorchuigh an ré d'éis bheith l.¤ di, Keat. Poems 495 . For phrase ina linn láin see 1 linn.

As vague alliterating laudatory epithet: croch l.¤ Laurint deochain `full cross', Fél. Aug. 10 . na tair chucum a láich láin accomplished, TBC-LL¹ 3487 . Labraid Loṅgsech l.¤ , Hail Brigit 5 . as mē Laitheōcc láidhech l.¤ , ZCP viii 110.1 . colg in laoích láin, Duan. F. ii 124 § 1 . Longaran l.¤ `opulent', Cog. 104.13 . la Cormac Cond-Loṅges l.¤ , ZCP xi 109 § 11. luchtlach l.¤ cech laithi, Fél. Ep. 21 . ba hed násad Loga lain Metr. Dinds. iii 50.41 . in carn fil il Lotain láin, `faultless', iii 200.21 . Fergna, fer gaí lethain láin `weighty', iv 88.21 . a haithle in ḟleachaid láin, ACL iii 305.4 . atbert-som o luige lan "itchonnarcsa fen hí", PH 99 . don loinn nior l.¤ , Irish Texts i 26 § 11 . ar ndóchas l.¤ ar laogh búidh (of chieftain), Aithd. D. 25.6 .

In chevilles: gein Laurint, l.¤ frecrae, Fél. Feb. 22 . i mBrí Léith ba láthar lan, LU 10706.

(c) covered with: áth . . . nach l.¤ d'á ngraigib ┐ da ngillaib, CRR 38.5 . a chorp lan do créchtaib, PH 377 . co mba l.¤ in sliab uli dia indilib, 7177 . fiche céad laoch l.¤ d'éideadh ó mhullach go lár, Ériu i 84.5 .

II As subst. [n.].

(a) the full, complement, whole (with gen. of that which contains and freq. of that which is contained): nochur gabh Laighnech lan Erenn all Ireland, MacCarthy 432.20 . becc i n-óenḟecht dia lánaib / slog sáer-chert síl sen-Ádaim `to fill it', Metr. Dinds. iv 82.20 . l.¤ is línad `fullness and increase', 70.24 . fa l.¤ aoibhe an ḟir `by the fulness of his charm', Arch. Hib. i. 91.4 . atá an crann fa l.¤ anóra acu, Maund. 55 . l.¤ an arrthruigh, IGT Decl. ex. 903 . caorthann fana l.¤ duille, Duan. F. ii 354 § 66 . batar . . . ica imradh cia lan bud maith la cach dibh do beth acu isinn eclais. Robo maith leamsa, ol Ciarán, a lan do macuib ecalsa they were considering what each of them would like to have the church full of, Lism. L. 867 . l.¤ dearnann do ghorm-ghaghéar, DDána 106.11 . l.¤ duirn gach milidh, Duan. F. ii 4 § 12 . le l.¤ duirn do dhán éadtrom, Content. xxv 6 . l.¤ glaice laich na timcioll, Duan. F. ii 26 § 26 . aderim gurub é is lan and trit amach, an uair imduiges na lenna, Rosa Angl. 40.3 . tugadar lán na [n]gunnaidh mōr ┐ beg dia roile, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 42.1 . gach dara lān pāirce, 20.6 . lan leighe, Irish Texts v 24.36 . tóimhsigh dá l.¤ an chroicinn, Atlantis iv 200.29 . mairg do-nī lān don lestar (of gluttony), ACL iii 240 § 37.

Of full moon, full tide etc. teacht ┐ l.¤ na gealaighe, Corp. Astron. 182.10 . sul tí an l.¤ (of tide), Irish Texts ii 49 § 32. tibra a Slīab Gam . . . / da lan inti 'san aenlō / indarna lān sāl . . . / in lan eli is fīruisce, ZCP v 24. 1 - 2 . intan atraig in muir, comard hé fria l.¤ (of a grave), Triads 237 . tiocfa an l.¤ eadruibh is é, IGT Decl. ex. 1041 . abhann dá loch ar a lár / is in l.¤ do'n leith aniar (of a valley), SG 148.20 . meinic ón linnsi l.¤ fala tide of blood, SGS iv 64 § 20. Of Archangel Michael and the sinner: cara na héigne is é an l.¤ / is mé an t-éigne ar an éadtrágh, Dán Dé xiv 6 . Fig. of Christ: is é an l.¤ robhorta an Rí, A. Ó Dálaigh xxix l . See robarta. l.¤ mara full tide : robbadhad sochaidi . . . i llan mora, AU i 238. 4 . robui in lan mura fái in ngrianan, ZCP vi 94.22 . co táinic an l.¤ mara tarsta, CF² 707 . ar dteacht don l.¤ mara fútha, Ériu i 92.4 .

In other phrases: l.¤ beóil subject of praise : l.¤ beoil nach bréagtha molta, A. Ó Dálaigh x 2 . énl.¤ beóil ḟileadh Éireann, Ériu ix 167 § 35 . do l.¤ beoil na bantrochta (of Our Lady), A. Ó Dálaigh xxvi 3 . fa l.¤ toile `in fullness of love', PBocht 1.15 . l.¤ súl(a) cynosure: ac sin Clar Una gan urraid / a l.¤ sula cumaigh cach, Irish Texts ii 45 § 2 . re l.¤ súl na seacht nimhe, A. Ó Dálaigh xxiv 12 . l.¤ súl re budh deacra deaghoil, L. Cl. A. B. 190.11 . See súil. fo lān seōil `under full sail', Fl. Earls 10.21 . See séol.

In legal contexts: inti is mo l.¤ the most guilty, O'D. 545 ( H 3.17, 435 ). eisinnruic láin liable to full penalties, O'D. 39 ( H 3.17, 35 ). damad e in cintac rooclad, ma dorormacht cneid is mo is tuilledh re heirec na cetcnede ┐ re heneclainn co rab lan na cnede dorormacht ann ┐ a otrus, BCrólige 25 n.12 . doníthar trócaire re urradh im lan in marbaidh do gabail uadha, Laws iv 252.3 . cor itir da lan contract between two persons with full rights(?), iii 4.10 , glossed .i. folad comtoirnithe `equal value on both sides', 13 . tabair se scribaill for in triar lain, ┐ tri screpaill for sellach lethi, i 246.4 Comm . muna roib urrad mar aen ris da tarrustar a lan `unless he has a native along with him who has full honor-price', 104.25 . mad do [t]argaidhsimh fein a l.¤ amach `if he himself has offered to pay the full amount out' iv 256.16 Comm . arindhi it cetheora primfodlai fil for-suidib (sic leg.) .i. lan ┐ leth, trian ┐ cethramthu (of fines), i 258.z Comm . tecait i cuibdius fo lan in deoradha `the full amount of the fine of the stranger', 88.15 Comm . sellach láin, sellach lánḟéich, see sellach.

In gramm. term a l.¤ (its fullness) the ns. or np. of a word without any change by reduction or augmentation: a lan (.i. can dichned, can dochned), Auraic. 5073 . ben a oen, ben a lan, 1845 . aen ainces ar ilar ndan / ar uathad ainces a lan, 2160 .

(b) In general sense of abundance, plenty : nobíd l.¤ adbal . . . / ar lar talman dia thorthib `vast plenty', Metr. Dinds. iii 176.131 . roinn leabhra go l.¤ bhuinnigh, `full of vigour', Ériu ix 164 § 18.

With poss. a l.¤ much of, many : a l.¤ many people, DDána 84.3 . bi eagla theineadh ifrinn ar a l.¤ `multi', TSh. 6394 . 'gan druing as a ndéine a l.¤ `of which you make much', Content. v 67. Folld. by prep. DI: ré a l.¤ d'feruib, Irish Texts ii 58 § 12. a l.¤ do snechta sléibhe Elpa, CCath. 451 . a lan d'ainglib o neim, Grail 4313 . do chluinim ó n-a l.¤ do dhaoinibh, Keat. iii 1424 . a l.¤ den chogal, Keat. Poems 36.

Compds. Extremely common in compds. of all kinds. Freq. prefixed merely for alliterative purposes, e.g. ar lanbreithem ar lanrí, ZCP viii 24.21 . co lúth ┐ co luas ┐ co lánglicus, Comp. CC 100.18 . int aislingthe laind landes, SR 3350.

(a) With nouns in meaning full, complete : ¤áer: lanæir .i. corob ainm ┐ uss ┐ domghnass inti, IT iii 105.29 . lan-aer ┐ glam diccind, Laws v 234.11 . ¤airches: lán aircess fri ecrata complete trap, TBC-LL¹ 599 . ¤arrae: lán arra na cairdi `full hostage-pledge', Laws iii 134. 10 Comm . ¤biathad full refection : a lanbiathad do gac grad flatha do saill a ndomnac ┐ a ndardain, BCrólige 46 n. 12 . ¤biattach: ochtur lanbiatach do maithibh Cene[oi]l-Moen, AU ii 190.z . ¤brón: nírbu l.¤ Sg. 42a8 (see GOI 678 no. 82 ). ¤brostud: l.¤ ar nech, LL 230a28 ( TTr. 959 ). ¤búaile: dá lanbuailigh déc `full byres', RC xviii 159.8 . ¤cháin: dobeir a lanchain, RC xxiv 184.12 . ¤charna: maeth bo-shaille ┐ l.¤ muilt, LB 216b75 . ¤chasbairdne (metr.), IT iii 26.14 . ¤chíall: is lánchiall indib chenae gl. verba non egent casu, Sg. 140b3 . ¤cháechad: tugaibh S. a lánchaochadh `so long as ever he can see', O'Gr. Cat. 128.28 . ¤choire: lanchoire .i. coire iomlán, O'Cl. ¤chonách: ní bidh cen cech lanchonách fair, Acall. 577 v.l. ¤chor: l[u]irech lineach lancuir, CCath. 3132 (`full-right'). Cf. ross is ael is lín lanchuír (of materials of Tor Nemrúaid), BB 317a44 ( 14a57 , 300a24 ). ¤ chúairt : co tucc a lán chuairt , AFM ii 984.1 . ¤chuibdius (metr.): salcuibdiusa ┐ lancuibdiusa, IT iii 25.22 . ¤chumang: lancumang inntib uile full force (of vowels), Auraic. 4313 . ¤dám: cethrar a lan-dam, Laws v. 30.23 Comm . a landamh leis amach fo cetoir `his full retinue accompanying him', BCrólige 12 n. 14 . ¤déiche: cen blae .i. cen lan-déiche do breith uaimm ar mo rosc, LB 241a73 . ¤deimnigud (gramm.) perfect tense : ar a fíafruighidh ar láindeimhnioghadh, IGT Introd. 7.x . ¤díre: is co na landire asrenar, Laws ii 402.2 . Cf. ZCP xiv 388 . ¤dírech: landírech sund `full uncovering', Thes. ii 251.4 (Stowe Missal). ¤dílsi: dorat E. lándílsi na hinghine, TTr.² 1891 . ¤ecar: bretnais fo al-lānecor de ōr full decoration, TBC-I¹ 3247. As attrib. gen.: dealg láneccoir, Irish Texts iii 18 § 10 . cetheora lanna lánecair, LL 237b32 ( TTr. 1543 ). ¤edbairt (see idbart): cu lanpairtib (leg. lanedpairtib) toghaidhi, Lism. L. 4494. ¤eneclann: geall laneneclainne uadhsomh don fir roferustar croligi fair, BCrólige 56 n.5 . ¤éraicc: fuacraid . . . cath. . . . nó lanéraic a athar do thabairt dó, LU 3196 ( RC ii 90.17 ). ¤esair: in dairthach fo lánessair glain, Irish Texts i 34.27 . ¤ḟáesam: leath suire fri lan foesum, Laws ii 34. x . ¤ḟaite: dhí gan lánfhaide is córaide it is more proper that it be not too long (of poem), L. Cl. A. B. 149.96 . ¤ḟer: airccindech (sic leg.) . . . no lan-fer (fer graid, v.l.) man in full orders, Laws v 178.26 Comm . lainfear gradha `thorough friend', CCath. 6049 . ¤ḟéth: muir fo lanfeth `in perfect calm', RC xii 60.10 . ¤ḟíach: sellach lan feich, Laws i 240.25 . ¤ḟocul; tabair mo tri-lanḟocull dam full demand, IT, ii2 227.8 . ¤ḟogal: .vii. lānfogla etar-scartha inna mnā, ZCP xv 356 § 44 . ¤ḟlaith: suide lānflatha, ZCP xi 91 § 3 . ¤ḟogur: lanfogur ┐ defogur da dual na nguta `full tone and diphthong', Auraic. 343. ¤ḟolad: anscuiche cach lanfola[d], Laws iii 12.12 . ¤ḟolt: gid a leathfolt gid a lanfolt, O'D. 2334 ( Rawl. B. 506, 36b ). ¤gille: lan gille no smacht gille, Laws i 118.25 . lan gille no leth gille, ii 98.3 . langilli in corpdire, BCrólige 61 (50.8.) . ¤ḟoirgell: lan foirghell co neithech lui sechtar fathchi, Laws iii 396.10 Comm . ¤ḟuigell: gu tisat a reir a lan-fuigill, Laws v 252.17 Comm . ¤grád: bai ina langradoib `in C.'s favour', CCath. 3555 . ¤imme: dar lan ime, Laws v 464.2 Comm . ¤immirce: itir da tir dligid lan ímirche `full passage', Laws iv 156.17 . ¤lóg: is gell lanloige [enech] (d)esec, BCrólige 61 (50.4) . a lanluagh dia reir féin do iarsein, BB 263a30 . ¤lott: lánlott Herenn dóib, Trip. 528.9 . ¤nert: gan a lainnert do ghabháil dóib in airett sin, AFM iii 474.7 . ? ¤od: don tuisech lanod `of full privilege', Laws iii 136.z Comm . ¤óentu: a lanaenta complete unity, Lism. L. 3869 . ¤phennaid: lanpendait fair `full penance (must be laid) upon him', Mon. Tall. 147.32 . ¤phinginn: sé lethpendinge is trí lán pendinge, O'D. 903 ( H 3.18, 645 ). ¤ré: as lan re dorca againne `full dark moon', Ir. Astr. Tr. 88.24 . ¤réimm (gramm.): is taebreim cach ni nach lanreim `full declension', Auraic. 796 . lanreim . . . Coulum caid cumachtach full alliteration, 3745 . ¤reimes: a lanreimis Loegaire, MacCarthy 410.10 . ¤rí: full king as opposed to leth-rí: dá ríomhthar gach duine dhíobh, eider leithrígh ┐ láinrigh, ZCP ii 357.34 . ¤ríar full satisfaction : co tardsat a lanriár dó, RC xviii 47.7 . ¤ríge: illánrige n-Israhél, SR 6704 . ¤robarta: Aedh Ollán . . . lán rabarta ann intan rugadh, Cóir Anm. 122 . ¤ṡaíre: co ro caithe a lan saire, Laws i 200.1 Comm . ¤ṡáith: lān shāit[h] gl. plenitudo, O'Mulc. 513. ¤ṡibal: ata uidhi .iiii. mís do lansiubal tarsna na hÍnnidha `to cross India completely', Maund. 251 . ¤ṡíd: lánsíd i n-Érind hi flaith Conaire, BDD 24 . ¤ṡlúaiged: déana lánṡluaigheadh, TD 2.15 . ¤ṡós full (poetic) knowledge : nemṡós, lethṡós, lánṡós 'no knowledge, partial knowledge, full knowledge' Ériu xxxii 62 § 1 . ¤ṡoud: ar lanṡodh muilind, O'Curry 1027 ( H 3.18, 432b ). ¤ṡoillse: lá cona lánṡoilsi, TBC-LL¹ 3284 . ¤taísech: meg ragnaill lantaoiseach muintire hE., AFM iv 1054.3 . ¤tegdais: ní lán techdais bes sestu `full house', Thes. ii 294.11 . ¤tol: lāntol menman, ACL iii 296 § 42 . ¤tomus: lantomus duaine, MacCarthy 138.w . ¤torad: in fhínemain apaid fo lántorud, LB 133a4 . ¤ugtar: lanugtar, Laws i 24.z .

With adjj. fully, entirely : ¤apaig: dā dēis dēe lān-aipchi, ZCP v 24.z . ¤cáech: recoecha uile comtar tuath coecha (.i. láncacha no clécacha), Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. ii 15.18 . ¤chomlán: Lucas . . . liaig lanchomlan, PH 5397. ¤becc. As subst.: ní cluinter ... acht lánbec do ráith, LU 2072 ( FA 14 ). -chóir. As subst. réim luinge fa lánchóir, PBocht 4.27 . ¤chubaid. As subst. (metr.) full rhyme : lancubaidh no taebchubaid, Auraic. 929 . is lancubaid insin, 1014 . ¤daingen. As subst.: do landaingnib an domain, CCath. 3410 . ¤derbtha: bíodh gach énduine lándearbhtha, Romans xiv 5 . ¤dorcha. As subst. ro laighset landorca na haidhchi forro, CCath. 2693. ¤ḟáilid: nírbu lánḟálid, Sg. 42a7 . ¤gairit: co llangairit `full shortly', CCath. 5137 . ¤méth: meic indrechtāin lánméith, MacCongl. 33.19 .

With adjj. derived from nouns. ¤dénmach: ben . . . landenmach, BB 16b27 . ¤ḟechtnach: do éc co lanfechtnach, AU ii 176.z . ¤ḟíachach: in seallach lanfiachach, O'Dav. 123 . ¤ithmar: filad mo cíchi gu lachtmur lánithmhur ag tibirsin 'my breasts are flowing freely and abundantly with milk', Ev.Inf. (LFF) 173 § 25 . ¤lógmar: an irrand as lánlogmar, LB 236a56 . ¤onórach: co lanonorach, AU ii 178.8 .

With vbs. ¤daim: fuair a réir mar rolándét, Ériu viii 70.92 . ¤lína: inrí rán rodaslanlín, SR 5076. Note also: dia laneimde gaire, O'Curry 1995 ( H 4.22, 28 ).

mac(c)dacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mac(c)dacht or dil.ie/31189

 

Forms: macdacht, mactad, macdachta, macdacht, macdachta, macdachta

I Subst. ā, f. childhood, early youth (the period from 7 to 15 years of age, De Jubainville RC xvii 103 ). colamna ais . . . .i. naoidendacht ┐ m.¤, gillacht ┐ oglachass, sendatu ┐ diblidetu, Corm. Y 322. ó aois a mhacdhachta, AFM iv 664.22 , cf. vi 1916.15 . for a baothréim baoisi ┐ for a chuairt macdachta ┐ reabhraidh `on an excursion of youthful plays and sports', v 1860.24 . ? in machtad i ndentar cech semplae ┐ cech bais (gl. aetatis primae), Ml. 44c12 (leg. macdacht, edd. Thes.; by Ascoli ccclxxii taken as = mactad g s. of *mactu boyhood ).

II Generally adj., indecl. or in form macdachta (a petrified g s. of subst.?); always of girls, apparently = of the age of puberty, i.e. of marriageable age. romacdacht, gl. superadulta, Wb. 10b17 . asrenar lan-eraic i n-ingin m.¤ , Laws ii 405.15 (expld.: don ingin ac ata in tiacht maicne, ib. 23 ). æs ingine macdacht, TBC-I¹ 362 , cf. 27 . cech fer . . . doberad ingin m.¤ , Ériu iv 24.20 . ingen maccthacht, ZCP xiii 373.3 . Deichter ┐ hi 'na hingin macdachta, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 42.17 . Moriath m.¤ , LL 311b8 ( Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 9 ). ba hí a ben Muiriath m.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 34. IT i 136.7 . pl. mná oentama Ulad ┐ a n-ingena macdacht , IT i 106.15 . na hingena macdacht no bítis ic amran, TTr.² 1085 , cf. 1904 . gnása ingen macdacht, BDD 92. a richtaib ingen macdhacht, Aen. 2035 (= virgineae facies, Aeneid ix 120 -1). a n-inghena mine macdhachta, Cog. 138.8 . ingena maccachtda, 78.22 . As subst.: forcor macdachta rape of a marriageable girl, O'Dav. 310. pl. macdachta (dist. from: ingena beca), Auraic. 5721. Of a man, mild, gentle (?): fer . . . mílla macachta macánta ` childlike ', ALC i 538.16 . Ann. Conn. 1307 § 9.

2 meis

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 meis or dil.ie/31832

 

n (same word as 1 meis?) a phantom, ghost? m.¤ .i. deilbh-siabharta amal cuirp d'eirgheocadh as ūir, BB 242a45 (marg.). meisi .i. siabra, Corm. Y 954. meisi .i. urtroighe ut est Sliab Mis dona hurtroighib ro dolba Banba do macaib Miled, 949 . meisi .i. siabhradh no neithe siabhairthe; meissi .i. dealbha siabhairthe, O'Cl. messi .i. aurdraighe .i. aurdracht, Eg. 1782 fo. 15b2 (quoted MacCongl. p. 187 ). nim-chollet messe fom chuairt `fantoms shall not harm me', Misc. Hib. 19. taidbsi (.i. messa), MacCongl. 73.22 .

1 ré

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ré or dil.ie/34864
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: ré, rae, re, rehe, ré, re, ré, re, rei, rree, rei, réib, rae, reithi, rée, ré

n io, n. and , f. (the orig. gend. seems to have been neut., see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 97 and exx. below). O.I. n s. ind ré , Ml. 133b7 . ind rae , 41a5 , SR 113 . ? re nIuil, BCr. 32b11 ( Thes. ii 18.33 ), see 2 ré. g s. rehe, Wb. 4c11 (the h indicates a disyllable). ree, Tur. 71 ( Thes. i 489 ). na ré , SR 133 ; but: ind re , 2708 (perh. n s.). a s. nach ré , Thes. ii 294.1 ( SP ii 16 ). in re mbic, 9.23 ( Acr. 28a3 ). n p. inna rei , 1.24 ( Acr. 2d1 ). na rree , 12.31 ( BCr. 18c3 ). a p. tri rei , Ml. 90d14 . d p. arnaib réib , Wb. 22a8 .

In Mid.Ir. usually fem.; often spelt rae. Late n p. forms are reithi, H 3.18 p. 160 ( O'Curry 291 ) and na rethend, H 3.18 163 ( O'Curry 297 ). ré (in tṡaeghail) f., IGT Dec. § 98.5 . ré (an duine) f. (n p. rée), § 99 . ? ré m., § 108.5 .

In widest signification a space, interval

(a) generally of time, a period, lapse of time ; often as advbl. acc. ré .i. aimsior, O'Cl. (too wide a definition). nicondrobae som ind rae sin he had not that time , Ml. 41a5 . cia beimmi amin nach ré `though we are always thus,' SP ii 7 ( Thes. ii 294.1 ). in re mbic, gl. paulo ante, Acr. 28a3 . ni rabi uair nā haimser nā re nad ro bai [Dia], Ériu ii 106.5 . cona dernae figild rée mór ria n-ecaib for a long time before his death , Mon. Tall. 34 . batár ré mor dind ló oc imram, RC x 54.8 ( LU 1885 ). co re na mbreou, ZCP viii 103.5 (B. na f.) = co haimsir na naemh, Ériu ii 186.24 . mádh ro cindedh ré fair, ┐ táinic ín re if a period has been fixed and the time has expired , Laws iv 132.11 Comm. re ré na fochraice `before the term of the hire', 134.13 Comm. co tāilgi rē fēithine 'so that she settles a period of calm', QML xiii 14f. and n. 29 . niro chotail C. frisin ré sin during that time , TBC-I¹ 1822 . ri ré cían ┐ ri remes fata for a long time , TBC-LL¹ 4286 . in clu . . . robai form fri re cēn, Aen. 806 (but: fri re cian, 1075 , 1161 ). marbad ríg ré ré before the time , TFerbe 295 . i rré arbia (sic) in time to come , Arch. Hib. ii 50 § 34 ( LL 182a21 ). i n-ecmong na rea-se ┐ na haimsiri, Trip. 174.4 , cf. PH 1475 , 1104 (ree), CCath. 207 (rei). i forcend na rea sin, CCath. 4159 . co tangadar cind re māire, ZCP x 166.16 . pl. tri rei ciana, Ml. 90d14 . nāre .i. [i]na réib bīs .i. in ruidiud tic isin gruaid, Corm. Y 983 (i.e. blushes come by fits and starts?). iar reeib cianaib, 883 ( p. 77.4 ). dolotar . . . riab cianaib iarsna gnimaib-sea, Auraic. 149 = reib, 2452 (YBL). a reib coisicartha at hallowed seasons , H 3.18 p. 220b ( O'Curry 394 ). ríagail réa ro fitir [Día] `the ordering of times', Metr. Dinds. iv 106.70 . Followed by limiting gen.: in re n-aimsire bis eter in da shillaib interval of time , Auraic. 830 (treated as neut.). is i re laithe no bitis isin cess the number of days , O'Mulc. 835 . fri re n-uari, PH 808 . fri re in chorgais during Lent , 4777 . is garit in re comairli legar daib, CCath. 2697 . ba flaith Aed . . . | ré chōic ṁblíadan cethrachat, Arch. Hib. ii 92 § 2 ( LL 185b3 ). fria rae míle bliadhan, Eochairsg. 1. 15 . ré a caithmhe féch an bfuighbe time to eat it , O'Gr. Cat. 442.16 .

In more restricted sense of the time during which a person lives (reigns, etc.): noco trēciub duit frim ré | immain tána bó Cualṅge, TBC-LL¹ 1661 . coro gartigtis a ré that they might cut short his life , 2772 . corub garit a ré ┐ a remess, PH 5116 . ciambad lonnbrass digal Dé | fornn ba comadas fri ar cloenré in retribution for our evil life , SR 3618 . cidh cian cidh gar ar dhá re our two lives , BNnÉ 253.19 . Grigair . . . ab Roma i rē Irua[i]th in the reign of Herod , ZCP viii 114 § 13 . Colaim ō Nēill . . . ro bo maorda a reim rea ré, 303 § 5 . ar tri cuisib nach fuair nech fis a re o Dia (the span of life allotted to him), ZCP vii 301.4 . dogheibhdís na daoine ré fhada fán am soin used to live a long time , Keat. ii 234 . an ré fuair Niúl the length of N.'s life , 243 . ré shíordhaidhe d'fhagháil, TSh. 530 . réaraigh co réibh rofhodaibh aged men of long life , MS. Mat. 555.1 (O'Clery, pref. to L. Gabhála), cf. 572.36 , Hugh Roe 166.22 (f. 44b) . By extension, term (end) of life: Erc, is and tánic a ré, Metr. Dinds. i 46.23 . doghēbh-sa bās . . . i Temraigh ticfa mo ré, ZCP xi 44 § 63 .

(b) space, intervening distance : gl. spatium, Ml. 133b7 . hit é `spatia' na rree fil á terra usque ad xii signa , BCr. 18c3 . inna rei file iter na secht ṅ-airṅdrecha, Acr. 2d1 . ind rae ó hescgu co gréin, SR 113 . mét na ré, ruathar cint, | o thalmain co firmimint, 133 (leg. réë). iar ndliged ree corpda according to the law of corporeal space , PH 3406 . tria rea fata na talman, Anecd. iii 75.17 . coméirgi in mara . . . ina reib úathmara anfóilli expanses , LL 236a45 ( TTr. 1439 ). ónd ríg dorearuasat, Imr. Brain 48 . rig dorearoosat, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 12 § 3 = dorúasat rea `who has created the heavens' Bergin, Ériu vii 99 .

Compd. re-chuairt duinebad plague cycle , Laws i 50.9 , ZCP xvi 180 (cf. QML xiii 8).

rebrad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. rebrad or dil.ie/34882

 

o, m. (reb+-rad); also u, m. (regarded as a vn. formation), sport, diversion, frolicking : ranac-sa rem rebrad rān, SCC 33 ( LU 3666 ). drémm oc cantain chíuil . . . drémm eli oc rébrad, LB 136a36 ( Todd Lect. vi. 54.4 ). [iss é] reabrad dodeitbir dognitis, Lism. L. 4832 (of a practical joke). aig sin r[e]abrad daroini | macam min na mor-oigi (of the infant Christ), ZCP viii 563 § 22 . ar reabhradh mac `boyish play', MR 44.16 . ag reapradh ┐ ag raingce, Fl. Earls 56.17 , cf. 68.16 (reabradh). ris an bpeacthach bhíos ag reabhradh, TSh. 8671 . dogní [an laeg] reabhrad mar áon fríu (sc. with the other calves), BNnÉ 4.14 . inmhain rebradh a gcon, O'Gr. Cat. 474.18 . Ironic of sword-play: in rebradh ┐ in scannradh tuc P. for sluagaib na Rudulta, Aen. 2536 . reabhradh na nGall ngaiscidh, Duan. F. ii 160 § 26 .

g s.

(a) eólaige rebraid `skilled in pleasure-seeking' (of women), Tec. Corm. § 16.79 . os roí rebraid `field of exercise', Metr. Dinds. iv 106.62 . radharc reabhraidh ┐ cluithide na ndaoine uassal, Fl. Earls 80.12 . for a baothréim baoísi, ┐ for a chuairt macdachta ┐ reabhraidh, AFM v 1860 z . mac réidh Ronáin reabhroidh `sportive', Duan. F. ii 174 § 4 .

(b) ra érig Hectoir . . . ar a baethair baísi ┐ ar a luagaill rebartha, LL 230a16 ( TTr. 951 ). in dernais lanamnas rebartha ri mnaí aile?, 273b21 (of an unnatural union).

Load More Results