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airfitiud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airfitiud or dil.ie/1969

 

Forms: oirfideadh, -idh, oirfide

n u, later also o, m. oirfideadh m. (g s. and n p. -idh), IGT Decl. § 11. Verbs § 83 . Note also n s. in oirfide , Feis Tighe Chonáin 663 . Vn. of ar-peiti. act of entertaining, delighting; entertainment, esp. minstrelsy, music: dusnāncatar cruiti . . . dia n-airfided (a.¤ , LU), TBC-I¹ 832 . ba hé Ísu doluidh . . . do airpetiud Adamnáin, Anecd. ii 17.23 . an chuil chorcra ro baí ic airfidedh Midir rob sí Édain, Ériu xii 154.15 (TE2). anais . . . C. . . . oc a.¤ ban n-Ulad, LU 8565 ( FB § 42 ). slóig in domain d'áirphéiteodh, SG 109.2 . ēnlaith 'ga n-oirfidiud / tre biuthiu sīr, ZCP viii 201.33 . atconnarc áes ciúil . . . ic aerfitiud dond ingin, LU 3770 ( SCC § 34 ). a[c] cantain ciuil ┐ airdfide d'Oilill ┐ do Meidb (of a minstrel), Celt. Rev. iv 112.6 . aruspeittet céola ┐ airfiti, TBFr. 287 . comlantius cecha airir ┐ cecha hairfite, LU 2759 . la meít ind airfite ó chechtar de diaraile, LL 231b2 . airbitiu .i. failti, ut est airbitiu menman tuarustal miad, O'Dav. 45 . airpeitiud aiccnid, CCath. 4837 . esbaid airpheitid (airfidig v.l.), Airne F. 225 . ní a.¤ nach n-oenchorn, TBC-LL¹ 2342 . d'erfidibh in talman, TTr.² 643 . bean na dheóigh go donnphubal / darbh ḟear eóil a oirfideadh, IGT Decl. ex. 467 . na ceōdla ┐ na hoirfitheadha is binde leat, Feis Tighe Chonáin 263 .

Gratification, satisfaction: oirfitiud na toile doenai, Trip.² 52 . scérait fri a.¤ in domain-seo ro charsat, LU 2402 . atfiadhar sin ar airfited anma na n-irisech, Lism. L. 2506 . in t-a.¤ ┐ in fáilte fil do'nd ernastaid spirutalda, PH 3986 . no-s-dilsig di-a hairfitedaib collaidib, 4625 . is cendach cin ceill/ ar airfeidedh aonuaire / siraitreb a péin, LB 152 marg. inf.

airla

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airla or dil.ie/2158

 

Forms: urla, orla, earla

n m. urla orla earla m., IGT Decl. § 2 . hair of the head, lock, tress; long back hair: urla .i. cīab, Corm. Y 1291 . dechrum .i. urla . . . .i. bearrtha .i. urla, O'Dav. 752 . irla .i. ab arula .i. berrad moga, O'Mulc. 726 . trí maic nad rannat orbai: mac muini ┐ aurlai ┐ ingine fo thrillis `the son of a slave', Triads 152 . o bun [a] irla co clais a chuil , RC xiv 426 § 47 ( LL 12968 ). cóica urla fegbuide ón chluais go cheile dó, TBC-LL¹ 1375 . .l. erla deghbuidi on cluais co céli dó, Acall. 4080 v.l. o hinn a hordan go a erla, 1917 v.l. laoch mór co finne n-erla, Celt. Rev. ii 216.17 . eiric leth fuilt no lan fuilt doib a nurla, Laws iii 354.10 Comm. a chaor bhuadha an earla fhinn (of Mary), A. Ó Dálaigh xii 7 . d'urrlaghaib leabra lanmaiseacha, CF 832 . Of a person: earla claon an chuirp óghdha (of Mary), Measgra D. 49.50 . do seailg fiadh da erla cas that he the curly-haired one may hunt deer, KMMisc. 172 § 24 . Part of a halter: urla gosti, O'Curry 2068 (H. 4.22, p. 67).

ar-fócair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-fócair or dil.ie/4114

 

Forms: airḟócrae

v (*air-fo-uss-gair, see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 535 ). Also as simple vb. airḟócraid.

(a) proclaims, announces (to FOR, later DO): isind almsan arafocair anúas act is for óis tuaithe arfocarar `suggests . . . it is announced', Wb. 16d7 . aurfogair dōib gīallu grūaidhe, ACL iii 295 § 31 `inform them that face is at stake', Jn. Celt. Stud. ii 105 (cf. fōcraim-si dōib g. g., ACL iii 297 § 47 ). roerḟúacair . . . Priaim do Alaxander co mbád fri techtairecht nódechsad do denvm síth `announced to A.', TTr.² 442 . erfhúagradh ┐ innisedh antí atchluinfe é ar tús don fior oile, BS 104.3 (§ 49) . ro herfhuagradh leo bheós dia marbhtha mac nó brathair . . . gan anmhuin occa, AFM v 1644.18 . In sense of denounces: cet ben chuil roherfhocrad for doman (of Herodias) `cried down', PH 867 .

(b) commands, orders; warns: arfócarar o Echaid for firu Herend feiss Temra do dénam, LU 10715 = ro hirfuagrad . . . feiss T. . . ., IT i 118 § 2 . ro herḟúacradh . . . ó Príaim for a phopul . . . tiachtain, TTr.² 400 . ma ro urocair int uasal da lucht manchuine dula amach `ordered', Laws iii 510.3 Comm. uair ro herfhuaccradh uaidhside . . . fo erinn dá gach aen . . . toidheacht ina dhochom, AFM vi 1984.6 . blai coire combruth acht arfocra fer foichlid ael a coire provided the attendant gives warning by saying, etc., Laws iii 266.8 . dia n-urfocra in liag is [s]lan do. Muna urfocra is fiachach, i 130.24 Comm. urḟograidh seomh dia fine, iv 256.8 Comm. (gl. fofocair). dlom .i. indis nó erfuagair, O'Dav. 663 = Fél.² cxl gl. 13(1) . adbo .i. urfocraim. O'Dav. 89 . urfogruim mo dingbail (glossing: asboinn a d.), BCrólige 18 gl. 2 .

Vn. airḟócrae.

1 ben

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ben or dil.ie/5644
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: bean, bean, bein, mnái, mna, mnāi, mnai, mná, mnaa, bein, mnáoi, mná, mnaa, mná, mn, mban, ban, mnaibh, mnáib, mnaib, mnaaib, mnaibh, mhnaoi, mnai, ban-, banab, -aigne, -airchinnech

n ā, f. GOI §§ 190 , 291 , Lohmann ZCP xix 63. bean aithnidh, f., IGT Decl. § 170. See also Ériu xvii 108.

I

(a) woman : n s. in b.¤ , Wb. 11c14 , Imr. Brain 1 , PH 5720. bean, CCath. 1140. in bhean, Duan. F. ii 130 § 23. v s. a b.¤ , LU 3420 ( SCC 19 ). a s. bein ( KZ xlviii 65 ), Laws ii 382.15 ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 49 § 23 ), Metr. Dinds. iv 178.w (: Celetir), Ériu vi 136.78 , Auraic. 1835. mnái gl. mulierem, Wb. 10a10 , Imr. Brain 2 , CCath. 1141. mna, Críth G. 125 , mnāi, ACL iii 308.13 , mnai, Trip. 86.24 . g s. mná, Críth G. 124 , Imr. Brain 26 , PH 857. mnaa, LL 7558 , TSh. 5773. d s. bein, Auraic. 1833 , 5020 . mnáoi, Mon. Tall. 143.10 . n pl. mná (monosyll.), Imr. Brain 41. mnaa (monosyll.), LL 44. mná, TSh. 5718. a pl. mn, LU 8265 ( FB 21 ). g pl. mban gl. mulieres, Wb. 22c10 . ban, Ml. 65c16 . d pl. `somet. disyllabic in verse,' GOI § 291 , mnaibh (disyll.), Blathm. 586. mnáib, LU 3266 ( SCC 6 ), RC xiii 36 § 2. mnaib (monosyll.), LU 3950 ( SCC 44 ). mnaaib, LL 2919. mnaibh, ZCP xvi 225.4 . n du. dī mnái, Cáin Ad. 25. dá mhnaoi , Dán Dé iii 15 . di mnai dec, BCrólige 32 .

As dist. from a virgin: ni finntar in b.¤ fa nac si, Ir. Recht 5 § 3 . femen . . . .i. femur .i. sliasat, air is and is b.¤-si intan fognaithir dia sliasait, Auraic. 609. Of a bird: ben a lleinn co londath, Murphy Lyrics 10 § 10 , Ériu xxii 51 .

(b) With following defining word. With adj.: b.¤ gáelmar, see gáelmar. b.¤ uasal `a lady', BNnÉ 121 § 56 . With part. b.¤ pósta. With gen. of definition or description: b.¤ áirge woman of the milking place, dairymaid : in b.¤ airge, Ir. Recht 9 § 11. b.¤ aititen, see aititiu. b.¤ chengail wife: nach béidh fear ’gā mhnaoi cheangail, Celtica iv 109 § 10 . b.¤ crislaig: is i in b.¤ c. .i. is le fein in coimpert sin (lit.) woman of the womb, Laws v 202.13 Comm. See crislach. b.¤ chraí (chruí) the wife of a deceased relative; a forbidden woman: nír ben chrábaid ach ben chraí `not a holy wife but an unlawful one´ Celtica x 105 § 3 . ’na grádaig mnaí craí ná col `do not love a woman forbidden to you´ 105 § 5 . ro bui inna mnoí crui, icá derbrathair … conid hi sin cetben crui ro hincrechadh riamh, 111 (King’s Inns MS. 10) . ar a bith ben crui .i. oca derbrathair, ibid. (NLS MS. 72.1.5) . b.¤ chuil (cholach) : ’na grádaig mnaí craí ná col `do not love a woman forbidden to you´ Celtica x 105 § 5 . dā ccionntuighthea ré mnaoi chuil , Mac Aingil 3002 . ben chuil 'concubine', PH 867 . mna cúil ┐ cairdeasa dionnarbhadh ó fheraibh 'to put away concubines and lemans from men', AFM ii 1100z (s.a. 1152) . mnai cuínnceda betrothed woman, BB 442b4 . an bhean chuinghedha, IGT Decl. ex. 1198. b.¤ ḟir married woman: fóemad serce a mban fer, Ériu lix 70 . b.¤ ḟúataig an abducted woman (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 90 ). b.¤ gáeil kins-woman : is í a b.¤ gáeil fen phósas, PH 7790. See 1 gáel. b.¤ grésa embroidress : coeca ban [n]gressa is ferr bói a nEirinn `sempstress' (Gloss.), Acall. 5537. See 1 grés. b.¤ imtha see immad. b.¤ oéntama single, unmarried woman (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 107.10 ). slān slithi mnā oēntama `immunity for overcoming a single woman by stealth' ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 107.13 ), ZCP xv 351 § 40. See oentam, 1 oentama. b.¤ síde, see 1 síd. b.¤ tanaisi lanamnusa `second [subordinate] woman of union', BCrólige 56 . ag mnaoi Mháighe by the lady of the Maigue, DDána 99.37 .

(c) In g s. with prec. noun female, -ess, etc.: aoighe mná nách mair a fear `a stranger woman', TD 11.32 . dalta mna `a foster-daughter', BNnÉ 120.16 . Bóann, fāigh mnā prophetess, ZCP xiii 166.9 . ni thaghuill b.¤ no leanobh og mna a reileg `no woman or young female child', Mart. Don. 400.25 .

II wife : mo bensa `my wife', Sg. 61b14 . Tea b.¤ Ermoin meic Milid, Thes. ii 314.24 . leth díri cach gráid túaithe fora mnaí, Críth G. 125. cetharda[e] ndíllat(a) leis ┐ a ben `he and his wife have' (note), 199 . orca[e] lia be[i]n, 408 . coblaith dia mnai fri bein in rig equal rank with the king's wife for his wife, Ériu vi 136.14 . b.¤ dagḟir, LL 7554. ro theacht mhnaoi a dhingbhāla `he had a worthy wife', Fl. Earls 132.22 . tré mhnaoi Thighearnáin Uí Ruairc do bhreith leis, TSh. 5471.

Compds. ban- is the normal composition form (for gender of compds. see GOI § 254 , O'Rahilly, Ériu ix 16 ff.). When prefixed to a noun (1) denoting a male person or animal it makes a corresponding female form; (2) it has adj. force and means female, pertaining to a woman .

With nouns. ¤abb abbess : banab gl. abatissa, Ir. Gl. 22. Finnguala . . . banab Chille Craebnat, Ann. Conn. 1301.2 . banab m., IGT Decl. § 21 , g s. an banabadh, ex. 788 . mar bhanabaidh ndlighthigh `Abbesse', RSClára 98a . ¤accaid (see aiccid) female tenant, farmer : (contemptuously of Medb) cid ra mer in cali ┐ in b.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 1934. ? ¤aicde woman's handiwork : ar cirtha adbullom banaicdigh, Laws ii 394.10 Comm. banaicidh (but leg. -aicdi, Stud. in E. Ir. Law, 35.1) uaidhsiumh `feminine implements' (supplied by her husband to the woman worker described as a beccdéntaid), Laws ii 410.22 Comm. ¤aiced (collect. cf. prec.) woman's implements, tools : comad urlam a frichnam ac ban-aicidhibh, O'Curry 661 (H.3.18, 323). ¤aided woman's death (i.e. in child-birth): cen mna décaib de banaidid, Dinds. 161. -aigne female advocate: mar bhanaighne is ort anaim, PBocht 14.36 . -airchinnech female erenagh ; abbess : b.¤ gl. antesta, antestita, Sg. 66a17 . tanic an banairchindeach do béin cluig, YBL 1a19 . co banairchinnig Lainne, BColm. 26 § 28. b.¤ na hecalsa `prioress', Lism. L. 1436. ¤airfitech female musician : banairfidech Thíre Tairnngaire uli hí, Acall. 7205. ¤airle woman's counsel : Adham Samson Solum rí / romersat a mbanairlí, Ériu ii 229.9 . (in rhetoric) b.¤ betha (báetha, LU) nacha auchaide heed not the foolish words of women, TBC-I¹ 2092. ¤aite: ó bhanoide na gcuradh .i. Scáthach `instructress', Keat. ii 3390. ¤aitire: b.¤ tainic tar cend banbidbad (sic leg.) re laim a banfecheman and `a female surety', Laws i 148.24 Comm. apad naile ┐ anadh naile o ban etere for banbidhbaidh, O'Curry 988 (H. 3.18 424b) = Laws i 148.28 Comm. ¤ammait witch, hag (with magic power): robai banamaid i tig in rig . . . ┐ dobert a mathair Corc for faesam na hamaide, BB 251a35 . ¤amus woman-servant, female hireling: mad feramus nó b.¤ noda-mela (of grinding with a quern on Sunday), Ériu ii 204.22 . b., a folac a incaib maicc no celi `a hired woman', Ériu xii 85 § 4. mac banamsa, ZCP xvi 215.33 . rucus comaltar do banamuis, xv 310 § 6 . sóeramais ┐ banamais ic roind ┐ ic dáil dóib, Ériu iv 124.27 . ¤augra: máth b.¤ co sārtairbirt trī muilt ind `a fight among women', Cáin Ad. 44. ¤augtar: Bridhe banughdar, Keat. iii 498.

¤breth female judgment, judgment of (concerning ?) women: banbrethaib glossed bretha ban, O'Dav. 994. b.¤ briugu female briugu EIF 417 : batir banbrugaid sōn, Corm. Y 87.12 (§1018) . Becnait banbhrugaid ainm (na) mná maithe si, Acall. 1876 . ¤búachaill herdswoman: sech ba bard, ba b.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iv 22.20 .

¤cháem: banchōem de Alpa female noble, Celtica iii 182.3 . ¤chaingen female question, case: nocha n-ē an banc[h]aingen / berar ar cúl, ZCP viii 216.32 . ¤cháinte female satirist, lampooner: ba banchainte (viz. Lebarcham), IT i 71.12 ( LMU 6 ). cont-ric fri Richis mbancháinti, MU² 1029 ( LU 1528 ). a comlebaid na banchainti, Cóir Anm. 54. ¤chara woman friend: do uc Mane banscál n-alachtai b.¤ dó `a concubine of his', Trip. 86.19 . b.¤ in dorchaduis (= amica tenebrarum, ed.), Aisl. Tond. 95 § 2. bretha in mac . . . cúa bancharait, LU 1663 ( RC ix 454.10 ). ¤chath: conid b.¤ Rochada insin `Rochad's Woman-fight' (Faraday), LU 5945 ( bān-, TBC-I¹ 1479 ). ¤chéile female companion, mate, wife: a bancheli díngbala diabuil, PH 8175. as i fa banchele dó .i. Eithne Taebhḟada his wife (of a king), Ériu iii 150 § 1. ¤chenn female ruler: (of B.V.M.) tú bain-cheann brogha nimhe, A. Ó Dálaigh xi 5. ¤chimbid female captive: co mbanchimidh lais i n-ergabhail, Anecd. ii 12.15 . ¤chlíamain female relative-in-law: a bhainchlíamhuin Sárai bean a mhic Abram = daughter in law, Gen. xi 31. go ma malluigh an té luighios léna bhainchlíamhuin = mother in law, Deuteronomy xxvii 23. ¤choairt female land-holder: b.¤ mnā, ZCP vii 300.2 . ¤choic female cook: bancoig gl. presena (sic), Ir. Gl. 247. atgnīed cach b.¤ dībh a būaraigh, ZCP vii 300.9 . ¤choimdiu female ruler, mistress, lady: inna banchoimded gl. dominatricis, Ml. 84c4 . isin banchoimdid gl. in domina, 129c7 . ¤choimétaid ( ¤aige) female guardian, custodian: a bhuime ┐ a bhancoimedaidhe, BNnÉ 192 § 9.5 . banchoimedaith do chiraib ┐ do clioirib `keeper of . . . combs and caskets', Dinds. 80. See banchola. ¤chomairlid female adviser; woman councillor: banflatha ┐ banchomairlighe, Anecd. ii 64.7 . ¤chomarba heiress (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 103 f .) glossing be togai: .i. b.¤ las-mbi fer for bantinchur, Ir. Recht 8 § 9. female coarb, successor (as head of religious community): bancomurba Brighdi, RC xviii 31.30 . ¤chorr female heron: in b.¤ , Triads 237 . ¤chró: lánéraic a mb.¤ of their female stock, Cáin Ad. 29. ¤chú bitch: ba banc[h]ú tra in t-orci ┐ ba torrach, Corm. Y 883.39 . b.¤chuire woman-troop: cichit biet b.¤chuire, Études Celt. xv 539 . ¤chumal bondwoman: b.¤ dit muntir atamchomnaic, LL 7749 ( TBC-LL¹ 219 ). ro gonais cride . . . do banchumale fen, LB 233a58 .

¤dálem waitress: b.¤ gl. caupona, Sg. 63a3 (see Études Celt. xi 128 ). ¤dalta: ónmid b.¤ doib a female ward, ZCP viii 308.31 . ¤dechon see dechon. ¤día goddess: Brigit . . . bandēa no adratis filid . . . eam deam uocant poetarum , Corm. Y 150. bándǽ iffirnn gl. Parcas, Sg. 53b1 . Ceres bandea hetho, 60a4 . bandia Cimodocia `the goddess Cymodoce', Aen. 2410. a meic na baindea, 2411 . ¤deiscipul female disciple: doronai Patraic combo bandescipul dó, Trip. 178.11 . ¤delb: nói mbain-delba (-delbda, (mná) remhra, v.ll.) dluth-chóema `nine female forms', Metr. Dinds. ii 28.4 . ¤deoraid woman-stranger, woman outsider: cumad miach sliged do bandeoraidh, Laws ii 390.26 Comm . Fig. (of a flag) bratach mheic éachtaigh Eoghain / minic bhíos n-a baindeoraidh, DDána 85.7 . ¤dialt feminine declension, Auraic. 1830. ¤druí druidess; female skilled in magic arts: tri ferdruid ┐ tri bandrúid, TBC-LL¹ 2402 = dī (leg. tri) drúid insin ┐ a teóra mná, TBC-I¹ 1767. bandrai ┐ bancumachtach mē, ZCP xii 252.14 . a mhaca na bandrúagh = of the sorceress, Isaiah lvii 3.

¤ech mare: (description of a camel) anmann iongantach . . . ionsamhail bhaineich, AFM iv 1080.11 . ¤echlach female horse-messenger: cuiris E. a baineachlach arcend Meadba co Cruachain `female messenger', Ériu ii 178.20 . ¤écht: ni dernnsat banechta ban `have never committed woman-slaughter', MR 212.9 . gan bainéacht do dhéanamh lé `not to slay a woman with it' (one of three `geasa' on a spear), Keat. ii 4389. ¤éices poetess: baneices, LL 1110. ¤én hen bird: ise in mintan cid banen (i.e. the word `mintan' is masc. though it denotes a female bird), Auraic. 541. ¤ernastaid female spouse, wife: (in spiritual sense of Christ and the Church) in fáilte fil do'nd ernastaid spirutalda i n-a mb.¤ , PH 3987. ba sí síur ind Oedha roba bainernustaidh don tí Niall `Hugh's sister was N.'s wife', Hugh Roe 252.2 . ¤esba woman's wantonness: condot ellat / eter briga banespa, LU 3525 ( SCC 28 ).

¤ḟáith, ¤ḟáid woman seer, prophetess: a Feidélm banḟaith co acci in slúag?, LU 4530 ( TBC-I¹ 43 ). Feidelm banḟáid . . . atamchomnaicse, LL 7750. M. bhanfháigh, Exodus xv 20. ¤ḟéinnid woman warrior, amazon: N. . . . ro bith and la hE. mbanfeinded `E. the championess', Dinds. 105. na banḟéndi, TTr.² 1698 . ¤ḟeis(s) see banais. ¤ḟigige woman weaver: bacan na bainfighidh, BNnÉ 191.4 . ¤ḟili poetess: Fedelm banfili do Chonnachtaib mo ainmsea, LU 4525 (TBC). Quies Huallaige . . . banḟile Herend, Ann. Inisf. 934. ¤ḟlaith princess, sovereign lady: banflaith .i. ben . . . amal Meidb Cruachna, Ir. Recht 4 § 1. iar nairdbiu inna banflatha sin gl. Athalia, `queen', Ml. 14a2 . ¤ḟuine baking, kneading done for a woman hence (in opp. to fer-ḟuine) baking of a smaller size, quantity or measure: ceitheora bairgena fichet do banfuine, ZCP xiv 356.7 .

¤gaiscedach female champion: banghaisgedach do mhuinn- tir Ghuill, ML² 412. ¤gal woman's feat of arms: b.¤ (sic leg., ed.) banuallach and-so ale, TBC-LL¹ 4312 ( LL 11116 ). ¤galgat female champion: for slicht na bangalgaite, Airne F. 29. ¤geis: nā gabaidh na baingesa let them not touch forbidden things (i.e. have dealings with a woman), ZCP xii 394.4 . ¤gíall female hostage: (of Mary) ba bangīall (sic leg.: Gabhrīal) Rīgh in rīchidh, ZCP viii 562 § 3. ¤glór: tuath-bhanglór tásclabartha troch `perverse woman-like talk', MR 294.21 . ¤gním: do chuaidh b.¤ tar fergním ag C. the action of a female overcame C.'s action of a male, Comp. CC 116.13 . With 1 grád female rank: teora cumhala cach bangradh do neach is ingen graidh sechta, O'D. 2397 ( Rawl. B 506, 49 ). With 2 grád love for a woman: laigi fri b.¤ , LU 3590 ( SCC 30 ). ¤grés woman's work, needlework; in comic name: Brecan mac Bangresa, Anecd. ii 55.15 . Cf. baingrésach, Acall. 5537 v.l. ¤Gúaire female counterpart of G.: a bhanGhuaire Chláir Chormaic, Dánta Gr. 16.24 .

¤impir empress: do chúala in bhainimpir sin .i. Saphia, ZCP xiii 181.27 . ¤inne women's mind, intuition (?): tic b.¤ don banmíl, LL 375a43 . ¤insce, ¤innsgne feminine gender: gach banindsci, Corm. Y 1219. ferinnsci ┐ banninsci (banindsge, 3024 YBL) . . . lasin nGaidel .i. mascul ┐ femen . . . lasin Laitneoir, Auraic. 521. gobhar gabhar . . . indscne bainindsci innta they take a feminine pronoun, IGT Decl. § 17.23 (usually contracted to b.¤ ).

¤ auspicious day for women: trí banlae: lúan, mairt, cétaín, Triads 216 . Cf. trí ferlae, 217 . ¤leiccerd, ¤lethcerd poetess (see leiccerd): Etan ingen Dīancēcht, banlethcerd ( bannlicerd, Corm. 37 ), Corm. Y 537 . Cf. -éices supra. do Sampait . . . buachail dī ┐ banlicerd isen, BB 393a46 ( Dinds. 86 ). Cf. (of S.) sech ba bard, ba ban-búachail, Metr. Dinds. iv 22.20 . co comfarnaic frie Gris banliccerd ingen Ricisi, BB 368a25 . ¤lennán mistress: at banlendan ┐ at menmarc fer n-domain uli, LU 8237 ( FB 18 ). a baínleandan ┐ a mnai cuínnceda, BB 442b4 . luidh i riocht bain-leandain Conoinn, Leb. Gab.(i) 82.6 . ¤léo, léoman lioness: banleu, Études Celt. xi 125. fer-léo ┐ bain-leo, BNnÉ 84 § 171 . dealbh bhainleomhain, Keat. iii 2002. ¤liaig woman physician, leech; A. b.¤ (daughter of Dian Cécht), LL 1110.

¤mac(c), ¤mac(c)án female infant, a girl-child (see O'Rahilly, Ériu ix 16 ff .): it brestai in bainmaicc `the woman-children', Fél. July 20 . intan asberar ise (= is é) in banmhac-sa (of a masc. noun used for a female), Auraic. 531. Lende banmac ben ba Tuathail / . . . / Báne a hainm, LL 4888. dia mbad missi in banmacan, / nocechrainn cach faelmacan, Auraic. 533 (= banmacam, 3163 ). ¤máer: banmhaor . . . ag tabach na cána soin seachnóin Éireann `a female steward', Keat. i 182.3 . ¤maigister: ingena . . . ┐ do bí banmaighister accu `a governess', Fier. 93. ¤mug bondwoman: cride . . . do ban- chumale fen ┐ do banmogad, LB 233a58 . caoca fermhogh ┐ caoca banmhogh, BS 104.31 .

¤náma(e) female enemy: bannamae gl. inimica, Ml. 26a4 . a bannámu diabuil, PH 8327. ¤noéb(-m) holy woman, female saint: sarucchadh na bannaoimhe, AFM v 1668.7 . ag naomh nó ag bannaomh, TSh. 1048.

¤óclach: go léigfeadh . . . gach uile dhuine a bhanóglach sáor = maidservant , Jeremiah xxxiv 9. amhail banóglaoich, Keat. ii 4699. ¤óg virgin , BNnÉ 189 § 38 . ro tuirn ar mullach cinn na banóighi 'alighted on top of the virgin's head', Ev.Inf. (LFF) 187 § 37 . do-ṡaoileadar . . . gur loisgeadh an banoigh ionrac, Ériu v 76.30 . tar an mbanoigh, 32 . ¤oígi: banoegi (banogi, MS.) `female guest', Sg. 66a15 . ¤othrus: annsom i mbrithemnacht otrusa la Fēne banotrus `nursing of women', BCrólige 30 .

¤rechtaire: rechtairi ┐ banrechtairi . . . ic dáil dóib side ` stewardesses ', Ériu iv 124.19 . dís bhanrachtaireadha `two dairymaids', ITS xvi 118.1 . ¤ríga(i)n queen: is si robad banrígan in chóicid uli, LU 8259 ( FB 20 ). inghean rígh thír na mbéo / is bainríoghain fós, Oss. iv 250.10 . ¤rígnacht queenship: b.¤ úas bantrocht, LU 8231 ( FB 17 ). ? ¤rothán: banrothan (: ¤ṡrothán ?) (name of a metrical stanza), IT iii 101 § 181. -rún: ni dat maithe banrúna, IT i 123.18 . ( TE 9 Eg.)

¤ṡáer: bansaer `a woman wright', BCrólige 32 . -ṡacart priestess: bansagart Iunaindi iside, Aen. 1673. ¤ṡégonn, ¤ṡégainn a distinguished, accomplished lady; consort of a ségainn: manad-fuil . . . nac mbainsedoind lib-si nad gubansedonn (Find asks Cormac for a bride), ZCP xiii 268.19 . cach rí cona rígain, . . . cach ségaind cona banshégaind, MU² 198 . ¤ṡéitig ( ¤ṡéitche) wife: is ecoir do sailisi misi d'fhaghail do bainseitci `as wife', ZCP vi 26.22 . ¤ṡelgaire huntress: i ndelb bansealgairi (viz. Venus), Aen. 293. ¤ṡenchas history, traditions of (celebrated) women: b., buidne, bága (recited at the Fair of Carmun), Metr. Dinds. iii 20.15 . bainṡenchas Erind anso siss, BB 282a11 (title. See RC xlvii 282 ). Leabhar Bainseanchuis, Keat. i 80.5 . ¤tṡeomratóir, ¤ṡeomróir female chamberlain: do goir cuice a bainseomróir (bantṡeomradoír, v.l.), Fier. 92. ¤ṡídaige female dweller in a síd, fairy woman: is é dochoid in n-ectra . . . re Náir b.¤ , LL 2898. conid si aided Moingfinde bansidaige `so this is the death of M. the Banshee', RC xxiv 178.18 . ¤ṡlecht: co hAth mbannslechta to the Ford of Woman-Slaughter, Ériu v 212 n. 92 - 96 .

¤tairchetlaid prophetess: bantaircetlaid Críst (said of St. Brigit), Lism. L. 1704 . ¤tairngertaid prophetess: is hī seo bantairrngertaig Chrīst, ZCP xii 293.31 . ¤tairismid: banterismid gl. obstetrix, Sg. 69a18 . bantairsi (leg. tairismidi?), Lism. L. 1201. ¤tellach: techta cach banteallaig `every woman's entry', Laws iv 8.22 . dethbir in baintellaigh ┐ in feartellaigh .i. anus dechmuide dfir anus cethruime do mnaoi, 14.22 Comm. ¤teolaid see teolaid. ¤tigerna lady; mistress; female ruler: b.¤ Clainni Connmaig re linn tri tigerna `Lady of Clanconway' (first as wife and then as Dowager, n. 3), Ann. Conn. 1411.30 . dobudh baintighearna dhó féin (the soul) that was his (i.e. the body's) own mistress, TSh. 9678. an sólās do bhí ar ar mbaintighearna ghlórmuir (viz. Muire), Parrth. Anma 3792. uinge dor ag an mBaintiagarnain . . . a neaghmais amantuir Tiarna; ┐ tri huinge san mbliaghain do chios Bantiarnain . . . a neaghmais, etc. `Lady's rent', Trans. RIA xv 43.z , 44.2 . ¤tinchor the property brought by a woman on marrying: fer for bantincur, Laws ii 356.7 . acht do bithsiu ar bantincur mnaa supported by a woman, LL 7558. ¤tindnacul = prec. ? fer ratchuir ar bantidnacul mna who has made you dependent on a woman's bounty, LL 12250 ( TBC-LL¹ 5998 ). ¤toísech: bantaisech ingenraid[e] na Cruachnai ` chieftainess ', Dinds. 80. ¤trebthach see baintrebthach. ¤túath: ag na bantuathaibh seo bhádar an dá ríoghdhámh `noble females', Keat. i 218.16 . ¤túathaid (supernatural) woman with magic power: ar ba cumachtach sidhe ┐ bantuathaíd cen bai a colaind, BB 264a7 ( SG 332.9 ). ¤tuilg (a d s.) applied (? only) to wife, consort of a briugu: (of Feast of Tara) ni teded dia hol . . . brudidh gin bantuilg leis, ZCP xiii 260.14 . briuga cin bantuilcc, 268.13 . cach briugu cona bantuilg each hospitaller with his consort, MU² 196.

¤úa female descendant: ag banua Iarla Uladh, DDána 99.10 . banua niece Plunkett s.v. neptis , Celtica xix 138 .

With adjj. derived from nouns: ¤éccoscda of womanly kind, form: onni as feminina, femina .i. banda no banecoscda, Auraic. 612. ¤gnéthech(-ach): bangnethach no bangnimach `of womanly activities', Auraic. 612. ¤úallach: (of a woman's feat of arms) bangal (sic leg., ed.) banuallach and-so ale, TBC-LL¹ 4312 ( LL 11116 ). As subst. ¤áirgech milkmaid: an bhanairgheach, BS 177.27 . ar na cocairibh ┐ banairghibh `dairy-maids', Rule of Tallaght 8.12 . ¤bachlach gl. leno, Sg. 52a5 . pn As epithet: ¤Bretnach British woman, Anecd. iii 57.6 . ¤cháintech female satirist: bancháinteach Chonchubhair da ngairthí Leabharcham, Keat. ii 2952. ¤chumachtach woman possessing magic power: Cáoineocc ban-cumachtach sithe `a fairy witch', BNnÉ 151.33 . (epithet of Venus) imthusa Beniri banchumachtaighi, TTebe 1046 . ¤grésach (1 grés): baingrésach, Acall. 5537 v.l. ¤Laignech Leinster-woman: ropo beoda in b.¤ , Rawl. 87a35 . ¤túaithech witch, wise woman: bantuathecha (sic, bantuatha, banthuach, v.ll.) Tuathe de Danand, LL 16545. woman of Túatha Dé Danand: .iii. híngeana Earnmhais na banthuathaíghe, BB 33a38 . Be Chuille ┐ Dianand na dí bantuathig, LL 1112. Badb ┐ Macha ┐ Anand . . . tri ingena Ernbais na bantuathige, 1121 . female chief: ionann . . . tuathach ┐ tighearna . . . do beirthear dá bhantuathaigh ar Bheuchuill ┐ ar Dhanainn, do bhí 'na mbaintighearnaibh aca, Keat. i 214.25 .

Rarely with form ben-. ¤Ebrach: mas eabhrach nó air beineabhrach = Hebrewess, Jeremiah xxxiv 9. ¤gág wrinkled woman, hag: a bh.¤ , BS 86.28 . ¤geilt madwoman: co ttarla bengheilt dó ann, BS 108.6 . ¤impire empress: Henri mac na Beinimpire, Mart. Don. xxix 29.

See banais, banaltra, bantrocht, banscál.

1 cáid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cáid or dil.ie/7682

 

Forms: cád, cáth, cath, cádu, cath, cád, caidh

adj i. Earlier cád, cáth o, ā. cath, ACC 74 ( RC xx 264 ). isnaib cridhibh cadha (: uaghlana), Blathm. 162 . cádu (compar.) (: dánu), Fél. March 20 . Cf. also cádus, cáttu.

Holy, noble, pure , etc.: cāid .i. cadeis isin grēic, sanctum isin latin .i. naob unde dicitur: cāid cech rēt mad fri canōin[e] comūaim, Corm. Y 291 . cadan .i. . . . cāid a faind .i. a clūim, 334 . colcaid .i. cail-cāid .i. coimēd cādusa ī ar is la hūaislib bīs, 341 . cath ebraice cades .i. sanctus , O'Mulc. 193 . (O'Mulc.'s derivation is accepted with reservations by Wagner, Beiträge 293 n. 8 ). cád a greco cadus .i. sanctus , H 3.18, 66a19 . caidh .i. airmitnech, Ériu ii 3.6 and gloss. caidh .i. uasal ut est caidh dia dinicfa co felmacaib .i. is uasal in dia sin, O'Dav. 573 . caid .i. uasal ut est liter la cáidh comarba, 530 . caidh .i. uasal ut est bes lia bes caidh [.i. cenn for memar]. Nó caidh .i. uasal nó ḟarbas no nemtnighi ut est caidh ni na bi fri fiadnaise forbair, 465 . cáidh .i. glán. c.¤ .i. geanmnaidh, O'Cl. caid .i. idan, Lec. Gl. 532 . Metr. Gl. 33 § 15 . caíd .i. idhan, Stowe Gl. 295 . caid .i. uasal, 299 .

Of persons: crist caid, Blathm. 3 . cresiōn cád, ZCP xii 235 § 52 (Baile in Scáil). Colum c.¤ cumachtach, LU 1168 . cenn c.¤ caillech n-Érenn (Brigit), Fél. Feb. 1 . Tigernan, tigerna caith (: nemtlāith), MacCarthy 434 § 2 . ridiri caidh canonda, Grail 3174 . ferta in chlerig caid, RC xx 42.9 . clanna caide, MR 118.17 . ba haigni c.¤ cridichair, LL 25746 . ná himderg duine mad c.¤ , SG 107.7 . tre bhais cháidh dá gcoisreagadh, DDána 20.25 . psaltair Cháoimhghin cháidh, BS 75 . mo cheathrar cáig (modernized spelling) (of children), Measgra D. 64.43 . Of places: isin phurt ch.¤ chaín (of heaven), LU 9942 . fo griandaib caidib (: blathib), SR 7363 . isin chill c.¤ (: eccóir), BNnÉ 250 § 205 . a Cleitech caidh, MacCarthy 410 § 4 . cathair caidh, Cog. 204.28 .

Various: foircedul caidh, ZCP i 64 § 85 , cf. 66 § 133 . isin chretim chaid (: máir), LL 16682 . nad fri canóin c.¤ cumtastar, 23297 . conid cád cach rét co canone comḟí, 23299 . sūil ag sīliudh dér cāid ale / ┐ bél ag ernaigthe, ZCP vii 306.25 . ol fri coindlibh ciarrtha caidh, Leb. Cert. 14.11 . da chomartha caidi choitchenda fixed, MR 114.5 . c.¤ cech n-écmais is faill cech n-aichnid, LU 3916 ( SCC 43 ). c.¤ cach ceól co cruit, LL 345d51 . Adv. ionnail go cáidh cleanly , Measgra D. 10.3 . In n.loc... i Caill Ch., LL 20180 .

compar. cádu (above). Later cáidiu: mad caidiu no mad saire no mad airmidnechu, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 62 § 31 . cia dib bud caidi no bud calmu, BB 239b47 . fearr maise an chúil is as cáidhe (: báine), Aithd. D. 43.6 . As superl. is í as cáidhe, DDána 99.37 .

As subst. rohordne in cád (: grad), Trip. ii 552.2 . bebuis in c.¤ Colmán, Fél. Feb. 18 . cach caidh every pure person, Ir. Lit. 96 § 10 .

Compds. With nouns: C. cádfer, Gorm. July 8 . C. in chadhḟis, Feb. 14 . B. . . . cáidgemm, Apr. 9 . roba calma a chádréim, July 24 . With adjj. C. cáidbind, Gorm. May 8 . a Christ cáidgil, Apr. 14 . M. in cádhṡeng, Feb. 1 .

cammaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cammaid or dil.ie/8098

 

v (1 camm) bends . Trans. in ni camthar tar in laeg `folded over', Laws i 188.19 Comm. gur chamastar óna bél co clais a chúil é `with his mouth twisted round to his very poll', SG 250.18 . ro saebait do ruisc . . . ┐ ro camait do beoil. LB 143a28 . Intrans.: Nilus o chammus se siar / a ainm, Rawl. 78b3 . camuidh an bel `becomes crooked', Rosa Angl. 252.18 . mar do cham don mhíngil mhóir / dírghidh in crand `as it had bent down', Aithd. D. 49.32 ( ACL iii 245 § 31 ).

carcar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. carcar or dil.ie/8226

 

Forms: charchair, carcair, -crach

n ā, later (SR) k, f. (Lat. carcer). asin charchair , SR 7322 . carcair f., g s. -crach, IGT Decl. § 185 . (a) prison, captivity, bondage : carcair, príosún, daingean, Eg. Gl. 113 . céin rongabus i carcair, Wb. 23b18 . 29d19 . óis carcre `prisoners', 28d30 . i cuimrigib et i carcraib, 30a22 . gaib do chuil isin charcair `take thy corner in the prison', Thes. ii 290.13 . secht mbráthre / dia ṁbo chroch Críost c.¤ , Fél. July 10 . dígail na carcrae, Ep. 516 . hi cacht carcrach, SR 3267 . triar oc ríg dia n-altram / gebend c.¤ cepp, LL 18642 . T. diumsach . . . / fuair glassu fuair carcracha, 17780. carcræ cen bidbada (n p.), Harl. 5280, 41b cited Meyer Contribb. a n-íchtar na carcrach, PH 300 . isin carcair coiméda, Stair Erc. 712 . i gcarcair námhad, DDána 31.19 . fo charcraib cairn (of dead), Metr. Dinds. iii 132.49 .

Extended applications: carcair na ngíall (at Dún na nGéd), FDG² 34 . c.¤ ifirnn, Wb. 32c13 . i carcair n-aduathmair n-iffirnd, LU 2749 . i mbroinn na carcrach úd purgadóra, TSh. 4475 . asin Libur Budi testo asin c.¤ i nArd Macha strong-room(?), LU 2921 . go carcair na n-arm, Dhá Sgéal Art. 475 ` armoury ', Gloss. carcair do chloich crūaidh cumhaing hermit's cell , ZCP i 64 § 93 . sel ic tabairt bíd do bochtaib, sel ic carcair (leg. i cc.¤) (of ascetic life), ZCP v 497 § 11 = BCC 436.24 . ra cuirit i ceppaib i carcrachaib ri cumrech (of boards) clamps , LL 30946 (TTr.). seacht m. ba . . . i n-a gcarcruib, ML² 35 `stalls', Gloss. i carcair comdlutha cliabain cage , MR 232.15 . tre carcraibh cumhgaibh `narrow passes', AFM v 1638.18 (see n.). In n. loc.: go Carcair na cCléireach, AFM vi 2196. 20 `the Narrow Road of the Clerics', note.

Compds. ? an charcarchuil caithtear lé a fiachaibh féin, Hackett xxv 24 . carcarphríosún na colla-so, Desid. 4836 .

1 cas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cas or dil.ie/8289

 

Forms: casbairn

adj o, ā

(a) Of hair curly, hence of persons curly-haired: noí monga cráebacha cassa, LU 7633 (BDD). do barr bude brass / ba cass (of Fer Diad), TBC-LL¹ 4071 . trí dondḟuilt chasa, BDD² 938 . Cormac c.¤ , Fing. R. 731 . at casa finna a forḟuilt (of household of Créide), Acall. 797 . gilla[n]rad chass crodund, RC xiv 412.w . folt na n-órchlann . . . gc.¤ , DDána 49.3 . re scéimh a slat-chúil chais, Keat. Poems 73 . Of animals curly-haired, -furred: c.¤ a graig, Ériu xvi 160 § 6 . masat cethrai cornaig cais, MU² 480 . Of trees etc. twisted, tangled: trí chrann c.¤ , BS 74.6 . in caill cais, Metr. Dinds. i 2.19 . Of terrain, mountains etc. of dense vegetation(?); somet. translated steep: hi Cruachain cais, Metr. Dinds. iii 464.61 . don thslēibh ch.¤ `steep', SGS iv 62 § 15 . i cath Dromma caiss Corcáin, Arch. Hib. ii 93 § 16 . re slis Locha Cuilidh cais `precipitous', Celt. Rev. iv 218.16 . Of sea, rivers etc. eddying (?): cossin Commor cuscle cass, LL 964 . sruth cithmhear c.¤ , `winding', Aithd. D. 61.16 . tar cholbhadhaibh casa . . . na g-cuan, ML 46.28 . do thomhais fhionnmhuir gcais gcoptha, Magauran 1283 .

Other applications: brat c.¤ corcra woven, BDD² 959 . t'eascaoin is c.¤ (to a cloak), Hackett² xxxii 11 . ilar na cúach, na cód cass elaborate(?), SR 4357 . cass cor cuirther guth in luin, IT iii 19 § 53 `lively', Murphy Lyrics 6 . casa ┐ . . . remra . . . amal cholamna (of serpents), Alex. 720 . ara cuirr chais `on its curved prow' (of naval vessel), Caithr. CC 75 . cechaing Eochaid don chath chass `serried battle', Metr. Dinds. iv 46.61 . atāi co rind recni chaiss intricate(?) (of metre), ZCP xi 110 § 34 (leg. chass: mass). i bfroighidh úir chais an chluidh (of a castle), DDána 119.3 . san léibheann ch.¤ chlár, 10 .

(b) In more abstract senses. Of persons: Créidne in cerd cass skilled, LL 1344 . a choccaráin cais `intelligent', Cog. 102.21 . for a cleircib craibdech cais / for a n-occlachaibh ernmais, Anecd. ii 33.w . co Clíodhna cais, Cog. 138.16 . dias fhoirbhthe, choinntinneach, ch.¤ , Tribes of Irel. 82.11 . clú cass (chev.), SR 7663 . ní crodh c.¤ (of dowry), Acall. 818 . ba hé in gnim cass perverse, SR 5973 . co ceird chaiss intricate, RC xx 136.21 .

Adv. is cass rotibe a gen / indiu fri bile Torten, Bruchst. 92 . na celid co cass, LL 29042 . seinn co cass é .i. co lúath, Cóir Anm. 165 (Cormac Cás). do chuirdís comhlonn go c.¤ ` ingeniously (?)', Keat. i 210.13 . an gaoth go garbh gclórach gc.¤ ` steeply ', Rel. Celt. ii 250.17 .

Equat. co muing órbuidhe . . . caissidir carra mennc[h]rot, Corm. Y 1059 ( Anecd. iv 94.7 ). caisithir casnaide a chul, Auraic. 3499 . caisighthir [sn]as snāth (leg. casnath?) a chūil , ZCP xiii 169.16 . cassithir rethe copad, LU 7252 ( BDD 91 ). caisidir, 7328 (97).

Compar. ní bo chaise a chur 'na laige `the quicker was he laid in grave'(?), Metr. Dinds. iv 112.66 . caissi rētaibh, ZCP viii 197.19 . do ṡil glaisi a gormtholaigh / nach caisi idh urchumhail, IGT Decl. ex. 746 .

(c) As subst. o, m.: in cass donn the curly-haired one (of Christ), Ériu iv 118 § 34 . imdha a tigh c.¤ a cuibhrech / ní ḟuil glas gan dá gheimhlech knot, IGT Decl. ex. 803 . As n. pr. m. concicher C.¤ cluiche maith, Ériu xx 194 § 15 . C.¤ Clothach, Cóir Anm. 9 .

Compds. With nouns: casanfadh in mormara ` whirling storm ', CCath. 791 . ¤bairdne name of a (type of) metre, see IT iii 11 §§ 15ff. casbairdni ┐ duanbairdni, 6.17 . Also casbairn f., IGT Decl. § 13 . ní ḟuil co casbairn chinn truim / rem lind glasnaidm ó ngébuinn, ex. 623 . trí chét ban do chasbanntracht calma na cichloiscthi, Alex. 519 . mo chasbraid go bhfóire (to Christ), DDána 51.8 . tricha cas brat `napped cloaks', Leb. Cert. 64.9 . aon don chasbhuidhin maisdín uaibhreach uilc, Hackett² lxv 5 . buinne faebrach .i. casbuin[n]e, O'Dav. 272 . tria caschairchidh (?leg. -chige), O'Curry 2164 `the quality of having curly hair', Plummer MS. notes. Conghal caisChinn mhóir Mhaghair, DDána 113.14 . fer co c. cluimh `with wreathed hair', CCath. 7 . ag crathudh gach caschroinn, Magauran 3424 . casdraigen . . . ūas clethi . . . cacha suind `thorns', MacCongl. 87.14 . ag cais-fhilleadh ar na coiribh, TSh. 8108 . dremhan an caisgen tibhes, Fianaig. 16.12 `hateful laugh' (see 1 cais). ag caisfhidh Dúin `knotty wood', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 160.12 . ag cais-iompódh ar a gceanaibh, TSh. 7949 . fail and cassleni Senaig, LL 370b39 = casol Senaich, Arch. Hib. iv 206 § 11 . bratt derg fa chaslaí, TBC-LL² 4519 = fuan brecdercc fo casloi, TBC St. 4430 `curly wool', Gloss. casla .i. casló .i. olann ch., O'Cl. nochathed caslus calaid, Rawl. 76b50 . casmhaide dóighte `burnt-up cross stick', O'Rah. 78.116 . greit cnōsaig tre casrub[a] `raschen Schlag(?)', ZCP xiii 276.12 . In n. pr.: mac Lugdach meic Casrubai, LU 5698 . cona cassnaithchib caiti twisted threads, CCath. 5208 . See casnad, casnaide. casulcha foda . . . fair (of Christ), RC viii 362.10 .

With adjj. in dvandva compds.: barr casbláith mar chorcair, IGT Decl. ex. 641 . folt casbude fair, LU 6294 (TBC). int ech aile ┐ sé casmongach caschǽl, TBC-I¹ 1977 . caschōel, 2559 (cos- ?). brat caschorcra, LU 7324 (BDD). lenna casdercca, TBC-LL¹ 5534 . Caireand Casdub, RC xxiv 190.6 . Clidna cennfínd casetrocht, BB 374a30 = chnessétrocht, Metr. Dinds. iii 210.20 . In n. pr. m. Casmael, LL 1112 . C. cas-mer, Metr. Dinds. iv 122.6 . robo chassūr crann a gae, Rawl. 77a23 .

With adjj. derived from nouns: hua Cuind cassherlaich curly-locked, Fing. R. 668 . dá ech . . . cassmongaig casschairchig, LU 8594 `manes and tails curled' (Henderson), FB 45 . Casciabach, .i. rechtaire in rig, MR 22.7 . moṅg casdrumnech barrbuide wavy and curly, IT iii 472.121 . ulcha crutach casdualach (of Hector), BB 427a34 . cendard cassetnach (étan), IT iii 246.80 . E. . . . mac Ailella Casfiaclaich, Corp. Gen. 129.28 . bratt caslongach corcra (cf. 2 longach), ZCP xiii 170.33 . corn-ḟolt caslonnrach, Abbott-Gwynn p. 335 . mor ceand caistrillsech with curly tresses, Alex. 133 .

? docamḟolang casbhuarote (: nglasḟuarote), IT iii 92 § 139 .

1 cern

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cern or dil.ie/8770

 

Forms: ceinn

n [ā, f.]. Also dental endings in pl. Perh. same wd. as 2 cern.

(a) angle, corner, recess (in various applications): do sírégem cecha cúli ┐ cecha cerna de (of a helmet), LU 6436 (TBC). ? dabach aircit co cerclaib ōrda impe, ZCP iii 459.23 (cernaib, v.l. Rawl. B 512 ). a cuachán cruinn cheithre ccearn, Atlantis iv 140.14 . dar múraib ┐ dar cernaib in betha, MU² 499 . sechnad cera ó cheirn do cheirn / ac imthecht le droichcetheirn from one remote spot to another(?), SG 52.8 (`from table to table', O'Gr., as if 2 cern). i cúil ┐ i cernaidh Fheadha Gatlaidh, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 30.6 . cia hí an chearna don domhan i n-a dteabhradh iarraidh air G., ITS xxiv 104.12 . itir chuan ┐ chúil ┐ chearn ┐ charraig (the sea), CF² 74 . do chuirset na cruite i cernnadaib na colbad, Acall. 7194 . aingeal in gach cearnaich don taich, YBL 148a42 (? leg. -naid). ós chionn a chearn (of a castle), DDána 119.27 . do bhris [soighnéan do ghaoith] cheathra chúinne nó cearna an tighe, TSh. 2503 . Freq. of battle-positions: nara cloitis cernada na cath, LL 32504 (`the angles of the battalions', TTr. 1702 ). ro rannsat . . . a bfianlach . . . fora chernaibh cosnamha `points of defence', Hugh Roe² 312.6 .

(b) Of a swelling, excrescence on the body: Conall Cernach didiu .i. cearn robói assa lethchinn bá meítither fría cobhraidh sceíth, Cóir Anm. 251 . c.¤ doroine in darb dael . . . baí ina laim iga breth, BB 250a50 . Cf. nocon érnába c.¤ ná cárna dít, LU 6972 (= cerr, BDD² 547 ) (Stokes, RC xxii 58.5 , would read ceinn and translate fell). Attrib. g s. for uaitne cerna in cholbai `on the corner pillar', RC xiii 104 § 134 .

círad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. círad or dil.ie/9189

 

u, m. vn. of círaid. act of combing, raking : iar slemoin chirad a fuilt, FB Eg. 40 ( IT i 273 ). slán fa chíoradh / do chúil , DDána 114.4 . trian a cirthu adblam (of wool), Laws ii 372.16 = cirtha, 370.1 Comm. Of process used in treatment of malt (see ZCP xiv 350 ): cuictiges a fotaib cen cirad . . . ar na cirad, Laws ii 240.21 - 22 . a cirad na n-imaired sain cach lae, 242.4 Comm. tirud ┐ cirudh `kiln-drying and combing', 152.11 .

Transf.: cáinadh / ┐ círath discussing (unfavourably), ACL iii 294 § 4 `Heckeln' (Gloss.). ghabh ag a cciorrbhadh ┐ ag a ccíoradh `to hack and to tear them' (of warrior in battle), CRR² 21 .

cláenaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cláenaid or dil.ie/9308
Last Revised: 2019

 

v (cláen)

I Trans.

(a) bends, inclines, slants, tilts : clóenad clóenfatsa mo cend fair, LU 5183 ( TBC-I¹ 705 ). ro clóenad a thech conda tarla fora lethbeólu, 8382 . acht nib tairrsi do liniter no claentar provided it be not over-filled or tilted (of a ladle), Laws iii 212.12 Comm. conid annsin ro claenta Temuir `became inclined', i 6.14 Comm. ro claenadsom . . . cach mbord . . . don luing `used to strain', TTebe 1995 . in uair do chlaen a chend ┐ tuc a spirut i llaimh a athar, LB 280b42 . ro claen a rosc fora righain `bent his gaze on', Stair Erc. 675 . gur chlaen siar fura dilait é `threw him backward', ZCP vi 34.31 . ē[i]st . . . ┐ claon do cluas (inclina aurem tuam), Aisl. Tond. xxii 3 . an tí chlaonas a chluasa go nach cluinfeadh an reacht = qui declinat aures suas, TSh. 1637 .

(b) brings low, subdues : claentar fir. fadbaidther láith gaili, BDD² 1061 (` bends, perverts ', Gloss.). ro thairngir F. . . . gomadh é C. no claoinfedh an ul-piast uathmar, BNnÉ 125.20 . mór gclach do claonadh many a castle was laid low(?), DDána 91.26 . do claonadh meirge M., 85.26 .

(c) makes crooked; slants : go tard beach dib a neim for mo leth-rosc-sa, gura claen mo shuil, MR 34.12 (poss. intrans. Cf. Keat. Poems 342 below ). h'abhra ná cláon chugam-sa `send no slant looks at me', Ériu ix 8.80 . ? Here: taise nó gur chlaon an gcéibh / ní léir re taobh caise an chúil `till it makes his hair lie down', Magauran 3953 .

(d) Fig. violates, perverts, inclines, leads astray; brings down ; cia rochlainsat in cardes though they had violated (God's) covenant, Rawl. 76a8 (Adam and Eve). nad claen coicert coimdiu Lord who does not pervert decision(?), Laws i 10.17 . ram cloensatar mo pecctha, Laud 610, f. 6b (cited Plummer MS. notes). comēt dam mo chride / . . . . / dūthracht nachat-clāine (? leg. nachid-) may no (evil) desire lead it astray(?), ZCP vi 259 § 5 . cloenbrethach . . . .i. claonaidh a bretha, O'Dav. 690 . claontair gach uaill dá háirde, DDána 121.19 . dá gclaonadh sibh an seanchas `if you pervert facts', Content. vii 11 . cláonuid ar ccláonta ┐ ar miana go nethibh aimsiordha inclines, RSClára f. 156b . In poetry, causes imperfect rhyme (by not employing consonants of corresponding quality): snaidhm gaídhilge agus a glas | créad bhriseas nó créad chláenas 'what causes the binding of pronunciation and its clasp to be imperfect and what causes it to be incorrect?', Celtica xxvii 58 § 1 . guthaighe chláenas go cóir | an comhardadh 'fittingly vowels make rhyme incorrect', Celtica xxvii 58 § 2 . dunadh claen ... idhudh claenas re c[h]eli iad, IGT Met. Faults 145 (on 'Martain' giving imperfect rhyme with 'tangadar'). See also comardad (c).

(e) strays from, renounces, rejects : ag an gcléir do chlaon a gcuing `who rejected their obligation' (of schismatics), Keat. i 60.17 . ó do cláonadh a chuíng chrábha leis an ochtmhadh Hannráoi, Párl. na mB. 3782 .

II Intrans. bends, bows, inclines : ro claon Ere de sin has been brought low, Cog. 262.9 . a chros 'n-ar chlaon a cheann whereon His head drooped, Aithd. D. 58.20 . an uair éagfair-se . . . / claonfaidh do chlaon-dearc will become distorted(?), Keat. Poems 342 . ro-ionnsaigh an cath go cían / dar chláon a c[h]onn [i]s a chíall `were deranged', BS 6.x . do chlaon oireachas Éireann / de sin, DDána 85.27 . Note also: an té chláonas le na shúil `that winketh with the eye', Proverbs x 10 .

Freq. with follg. prep.: claontar ar uathadh, TBC St. 2088 (= cloentar go ar uathad, TBC-LL¹ 2354 ). Cf. do neoch . . . ar nach gclaontaoidhe cath against whom no battle was ever turned, ML 86.17 . cu . . . nach leicedh a omon claenad fora dhliged, ar ni claenad-som for nech ar bhith `fear of him prevented his law from being perverted, for he did no wrong to . . .', Marco P. 126 . a chara ar ar chlaon an bioth (to the Lord), DDána 20.26 . ní chlaon rinn deataigh dá druim (of a house) does not waver, 119.24 . robheag dom chuimhne nár chlaon that have not left my memory, Ó Bruad. iii 212.10 . an farraire stáit go brách dá rígh nár chlaon, Párl. na mB. 2287 . T. . . . / dá cclaon gach dair, Ériu xvi 134 § 39 . do claen R. docum a companach, Fier. 195 . tusa ní claonfa chum lethtruim you will not incline, SG 35.16 . ionnas nach claonmaois dochum peacaidh, Parrth. Anma 569 . scarthain risin slóg saer suthain / nachar chlaen re clethaib, SG 353.6 . do chlaon leam tar a reacht ríogh `inclined to save me, spite of His royal law', Aithd. D. 84.14 . rí caomh isan gcrann céasda / ler chlaon éasga ann uasda towards whom the moon above them bent(?), 56.12 (`faded away'). do bennaigh an Macamh he . . . ┐ do claen o n-a mathair cuigi, Smaointe B. Chr. 808 . mallaighthe an chuidechta chláonus óna n-aithentaibh that deviates, RSClára f.45b . claon ón olc = declina a malo, TSh. 7564 . Luteár nar claon o bhréig, Ó Héodhusa 240.10 . do chlaonadh ó ghrás Dé, Heb. xii 15 .

clann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clann or dil.ie/9365
Last Revised: 2013

 

n ā, f. (Lat. planta) IGT Decl. § 40 .

(a) plant, planting; off-shoot; produce : inna clainde gl. plantationis, Ml. 102b3 . amal bid claind no clantais (as vn.), 63b9 . nua-chlandib(us) gl. noualibus , Études Celt. xxii 212 § 62 . clanda (gl. propagines) offshoots, Thes. i 3.24 . ni tesseba de cona chlana toruth cechtarda sin offshoots (of a tree), Vita Br. 35 . daib lugbort caín co clannaib súalach, Trip.² 645 . is ann āsait clanna in terra intan nodaguire sōl, O'Mulc. 65 . docechnad . . . fora maige comtis ambriti . . . cacha clainde, LU 10950 . etham taulchach . . . is e maith do cach cloinn ┐ da cach torad olcena, O'Curry 252 ( H 3.18, p. 146 ). Cf. Ériu i 39 § 4 . da trian clainne ┐ etha ┐ blecta, LL 635 . is i uir in talman dogni silad na c.¤ cuirtir inti, Auraic. 5653 . c.¤ a glande .i. torad craind, sic is torad [duini] oinchlann, O'Mulc. 199 , cf. 287 . mar shamhail do chloinn i gcnaoi `a kernel in a nut', Aithd. D. 90.9 . an gescca tóirtech co cclannaibh sualach .i. Berach, BNnÉ 23.x .

(b) Fig. of the growth of the hair, springing locks, tresses : folt didiu cland totim `a plant of falling(?) (i.e. which grows downwards?)' (s.v. folt), O'Mulc. 568 (prob. compd.). foighéga a ch.¤ bfíthe bfionn, Rel. Celt. ii 303.4 . folt na n-órch.¤ . . . gcas, DDána 49.3 . soillse ch.¤ id chróchbharr chúil , Magauran 953 .

(c) children, family, offspring; a single child; descendants, race, clan : tuistiu claindde, Wb. 28b17 . fo besad fir trebuir crenas tíir dia chlainnd cid risíu ro báe cland les, Wb. 29b23 . a pridchas dia claind no dia mmuintir `to her children or to her household', 11c8 . hó bói mo chland et mo chenéel, 29d6 . intan ṁberes claind is failid iar sin, Ml. 129c8 . primiti a clainde `the first fruits of their children', 99b5 . inna clanda gl. posteros, 122d1 . dun chlaind gl. proli, 107a10 . inna clainde ón gl. successione continua, 109c11 . hua chlaind fri claind `from generation to generation', 100b4 . Iadumdu .i. cland Essau, 26b15 . amochland `O my child', Sg. 204b2 . a maire a grian ar ccloinne, Blathm. 597 . nech . . . bes cráibdech . . . din chlaind, Thes. ii 239.3 = cenél, 1 . na ríg di chlandaib Cualann `clans', 295 § 5 (SP v). ní amal fogní athechán orbugud a chlainni, LU 10279 ( Tochm. Em. 21 ). ōsar na clainne, Corp. Gen. 43.1 . is sī c.¤ Lugdach Hūi Ochrai descendants, 28.6 . ar ḟer . . . na festar cland na cinél dó, IT i 127.14 ( TE 13 ). a clanna no a nadmanna no a ratha her sons, Laws ii 382.14 Comm. (`agreements'). clanda Gaedil, LL 338 = fini Gaedil, 344 . aenfer rob ḟerr . . . tanic d'ḟuil na Adham-clainne, RC xviii 182.2 (Tig.). dias cloindi . . . .i. mac ┐ ingen, xiii 9.7 . nir ghabhsat clanna, acht c.¤ Neill, / Erinn, MacCarthy 426 § 1 . na clanna ┐ na cenéla `tribes and nations', Ériu ii 196 § 10 . go ruc sī triar do c[h]lainn . . . dō, ML² 605 . comrac clainne Calatín children, TBC-LL¹ 2917 . is iat na hobrigthi glana cland na hanma, PH 7813 . slaníccid claindi Adaim, 3862 . is tu ba cland dam-sa dar eis mo mac, TTebe 2103 . an ch.¤ oirrdhearc éinfhir `the famous Only Son', Aithd. D. 77.1 . an Aodhch.¤ rer dheacar dréim, DDána 79.4 . fearr beagán cloinne ná c.¤ (i.e. a single child can be better than a large family), DDána 27a . 1 ; cf. 4 . do-ní éanmhac ionad cloinne, Aithd. D. 77.1 . an tsaorch.¤ ionmhuin óg (of a single child), DDána 41.18 . cf. Magauran 2217 . tinneas a cloinne `pains of child-birth', Donlevy 348.22 .

In wider sense, márgrían inna clandsa bands , Fél. Dec. 18 .

Compds. With adj. clannbhuidhe a chúl cam a chiabh yellow-tressed, Magauran 222 . an cing cabarthach clannlínmhar . . . Finn prolific, CF² 1251 . tré chúigedh clannlínmhar Connacht, 602 . Oilill . . . / céthach clannmaith clothamra `rich in children', Leb. Cert.² 156.26 . bái fo cumachtu clannmór with numerous offspring, SR 6802 . ga chéibh . . . clannuir chais, Rel. Celt. ii 302.11 .

With adj. derived from noun. folt úr clainndleachtach (clandleacthach, MS.) `properly arranged', Magauran 933 . moltchroiceann clannollach (`fleecy(?)' Gloss.), Cath MT 169 .

With noun. tú in crann ós do chlannaicme race, O'R. Poems 25 . do chuimniughadh a gcaradra d'a gclannbhuidhnib ceneoil, MR 96.y . clannchaolach na gciabh gcam `trellis-work of the curving braids', Magauran 973 . ionnúa ro genair on cclainnfhreimh comnairt common stock, Hugh Roe² 302.4 . do Chonall cona clandmaicne, Dinds. 132 = Conall . . . ┐ a cethrar mac, ibid. is innte ro tusmit clannmaicne A., CCath. 3865 . Lir . . . cona .uii. macaib .xx. ┐ cona ch. archena, Acall. 5118 . cúic mic dég do chloinn atá ag Finn a fhégmais a c. fén, CF² 207 . an té as fhearr dá gach aicme / as hé as ceann don chlannmhaicne `family', Studies 1924, 243.16 . hi ccodhnachus a ch. `command of his people', AFM v 1724.12 . ar a son fein ┐ a c. (pro se et generacione sua), Smaointe B. Chr. 5395 . errla Gormlaidhe . . . / . . . / suairc an clannmhuine cam ceart thick tresses, Magauran 1041 .

cloch

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cloch or dil.ie/9550
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: cloch, clach, claiche

n ā, f. cloch f., IGT Decl. § 39 . clach f., § 40 (forms claich, claiche proscribed).

(a) stone, rock; stone (as building etc. material): beim a cinn fri cloich, Ml. 139c3 . dambidc Semei di chlochaib `pelted him with stones', 58c4 . din chloich dorigne saland, Thes. ii 338.1 (Hy. v). borg Emma ro tetha, / acht mairte a clocha, Fél. Prol. 194 . c.¤, trī anmann lé .i. onn a īarmbērla, c.¤ a gnāthbērla, cloech a bērla n-airberta, Corm. Y 213 . lapis lasin Laitneoir, c.¤ lasin nGaedel; petra lasin Laitneoir, ail lasin nGaedel: sropula lasin Laitneoir, carrach lasin nGaedel, Auraic. 1086 . c.¤ (no ael) ┐ onn ┐ ailcne . . . is iat sin cenela c.¤ , 1088 - 89 . ro-dluigit na clocha (= petrae scise sunt), PH 3367 . doberat cloich cach fir leó do chur chairnd, LU 7029 ( BDD 67 ). dolleici a cend immon cloich co n-derna brúrig dia cind, IT i 82.3 ( LMU 19 ). c.¤ for fott, no fott for carruig, Laws v 270.26 Comm. (as a fence). c.¤ tarsiu fa tri fiad fiathnaisib, ii 118.10 Comm. (in distraining dry cattle). di chlochaib ┐ carrgib ┐ ailénaib in mara, TBC-LL¹ 1330 . bale i mbia fa chloich, LL 18899 (`where you will be buried', KMMisc. 264 § 22 ). a ch.¤ thall for elaid úair, 19325 . línaiter na builg sin do minchlochaib, RC xiii 68 § 72 . ag tuarcain na Cloichi Barraighi ┐ na c.¤ tuinidhi eile do bī isin trācht rocks, ML² 430 . c.¤ i ninad ugi (prov. of a bad exchange), Cog. 100.24 ; cf. Caithr. Thoirdh. 11.16 . ticdis croind ┐ clocha ua cheol a chruiti . . . co teigdis aran múr (of Thebes), TTebe 851 . co scenaib ┐ clochaib . . . do-rónad ind imdibe, PH 5746 . fuarumar cloich . . . ┐ na hanmund-sa i scríbend indte gravestone, 1581 . samail gach cloiche (of hail-stones), RC xviii 150.y (see c.¤-ṡnechta s. compds.). a c[h]rannghal sa c[h]. aolta `its timber and its lime-washed stone', Ériu v 60.121 . dá cloich tsalainn lumps of salt, Lism. L. 2408 . sirbualadh na tonn fo na clocaib, Ir. Astr. Tr. 42.5 . c.¤ chinn na huilleann corner-stone, Acts iv 11 . ro benadh a chend de for Cloich an Chommaigh i ndorus teampaill Focháirde, AFM i 330.5 (an. 732). Fig. of a chief: ní tráth aithreachais d'ḟuil Conaill / a gc.¤ chúil an gcéin do mhair, DDána 110.1 .

Attrib. g s of stone , less frequ. g pl. composed of stones : for corth[e] cloche, Thes. ii 343.43 (Hy. v Comm.). ata comrar chloche imbi and hi talam, LU 10991 . ail chloche mór, IT i 82.2 ( LMU 19 ). risin carraic clochi, MU² 669 . coro mara choidche / amal choirthe c.¤ , LL 18911 . nertlia cloche, TBC-LL¹ 1570 . colomna c.¤ do thócbáil . . . eturru ┐ in snechta, MU² 309 . ar n-osgladh don iomdhaidh c.¤ (of a tomb), Dán Dé iii 27 . cinnlitir chloiche áille / dúna[dh] flatha Fionngháille `the fortress . . . is a capital letter of beauteous stone', Ériu v 60.109 . rath an Spirata Naim do-rat . . . uisce asin carraic cloiche, Grail 3649 . an cladh clach `stone fence', Studies 1924, 244 § 20 . do chuir . . . a chenn ar adhart cloichi bigi `on a small stone as pillow', Stair Erc. 1910 . .u. ced dég ceim cruaidhdaingen cloichi `stone steps', 633 . cláir chloiche . . . ┐ dligheadh stone tablets, Exodus xxiv 12 . pertaining to stone: duileasg crann nó c.¤ lichen, Párl. na mB. 587 . saoir chruinn ┐ ch.¤ carpenters and stone-masons, 263 .

(b) Of stones used as missiles, sling-stones, etc.: gaibthi cloich isin tailm, LU 3277 ( SCC 7 ). c.¤ throthail . . . i llaímh gach ḟir, IT iii 97.6 . foceird C. cloich assa thabaill, TBC-LL¹ 1558 . do-teilctís lucht in leithi-si na clocha for lucht in leith[i] aili, Sc.M² 17R . gebid lamchloich do lár thalman darbo lán a glacc, LL 8576 (TBC). bolc lán (sic leg.?) di chlochuip d'orcoin, ZCP viii 120.13 . na clocha cruindi comdibhraicthi, TTebe 1984 . Cf. in ti no cinnfedh ar aei cloichi `the winner of the stone-throwing', Stair Erc. 202 .

With defining gen. c.¤ áeil limestone , see s.v. 1 áel. lia .i. corthe . . . .i. in c.¤ criche `boundary stone', Laws iv 8.7 Comm. clocha fothraicthe stones heated in the fire and used for heating bath-water: clocha fotraicthi, Trip.² 873 . ro marb Fergus Durn don cloich fothraicthe, Laws i 68.17 Comm. Cf. fotracud forsin clárudh cen tincur o dhune acht na clocha ind ┐ ass, IT iii 195 § 36 . lothomur . . . cona clochaib, MacCongl. 11.23 . Cf. also: clocha derga red-hot stones, Laud 610, f. 8c (Plummer MS. notes). clocha hi tenid samna (prov. phrase?), LU 7045 (here perh. used for cooking. See O'Kelly, JRSAI 1954, 105 ff. ). na liacc lamh ┐ na c.¤ nglaice hand-stones, CCath. 5859 . iccon cloich impóid itir croiss ō Adrad Moturu súass `turning-stone', BColm. 84.32 . c.¤ marmail, Stair Erc. 1963 . cloch na cloich mheóir 'pebble', Irish Texts i 31 § 50 . clach (sic leg.) ina loighe a ḟlaith Cheóil / ar in claich meóir oile üaibh, IGT Decl. ex. 1123 (incorrect because of form claich). c.¤ muilinn mill-stone : doronta cetheora clocha muilinn di, AU an. 999 . fúaim chloichthe muilinn, Rev. xviii 22 . Cf. c.¤ uachtair upper stone (of a mill), Laws i 140.17 Comm. m'aghaidh amhuil cloich thineadh `flint', Isaiah 1 7 .

(c) Med. c.¤ isna hairnib `a stone in the kidneys', Rosa Angl. 188.7 . clocha na narand, 330.10 . in uair bhenmuid na clocha fuail as an lamhonnán le gerradh, ZCP xviii 274.9 . a riocht na cloiche fuail pro calculo vesicali, O'Gr. Cat. 113.24 . c.¤ no ydoripis, Reg. San. 23.y .

(d) precious stone, gem (somet. c.¤ búada, c.¤ úasal): caoga gemm carrmogail do c[h]lochaib tíre na hInnia, ML² 1481 . c.¤ crisdail gl. cristallus, Ir. Gl. 552 . do cloich búadha re n-abur sardínés, Maund. 249 . feilm áosda chlach ccarrmhogail, O'R. Poems 199 . clocha cuaigh `[stones] suitable for (adorning) goblets', O'Hara 2380 . c.¤ medóin do dhornchla dhét, IGT Decl. ex. 80 . a chorōin . . . ier n-a himchengal do dēmont ┐ do c[h]lochaibh uaissle, Fl. Earls 172.28 . a gcomhraid airgit go n-imat gc.¤ lonnradhach, 80.7 . is c.¤ uasal tiodhlacadh a radharc an tí agá mbí sé, Proverbs xvii 8 .

(e) Hence perh. of the beads of the rosary: is mise Oisín . . . / . . . ag cóireamh c.¤ `arranging stones', Oss. iii 276.10 . Paidir air na clochaibh móra ┐ Fáilte an Aingil air na clochaibh beaga, Donlevy 448. 3 , 4 .

(f) a construction of stone, esp. fortress, stronghold, castle: giodh áille an chlach don taoibh thall `though the fort is lovelier within', Ériu v 60.115 . daingean c.¤ an dúnaidh dhe / loch ar cúlaibh na cloiche `the fortress is strengthened by the lake which lies behind it', 111 - 12 . da ralaig . . . comard ré cloich na cathrach `the stone-walls of the city', TTebe 4224 . c.¤ Corcaigi do loscudh, Ann. Inisf. 1230.1 . c.¤ angcaire an anchorite's cell, AU iii 288.24 . tú do rad dár gcionn an cholann / i gcloich nduaibhsigh `into a gloomy dungeon' (Gloss.), Measgra D. 61.70 . a muir ┐ a mórclocha, Stair Erc. 909 . na franclochaidh ga folach / a n-ardchlochaibh allmorach, IGT Decl. ex. 714 . daingni ná clach áelta íat, ex. 183 . le Cloich Insi na tTorc ar Loch F., AFM iii 360.6 . C.¤ Locha hUachtair do loscadh, 536.4 . ? dar let is c.¤ ar na cengal / an tech os loch lachnach, IGT Decl. ex. 268 . Cf. Luimnech na c.¤ cengail, Caithr. CC 10 .

Frequ. in nn. loc., see Hog. Onom.

Compds. With noun. clúas re clochadhart `a stone pillow', BS 92.y . a tōebaib clochadba, ACL iii 217 § 3 . clochalla glassa . . . ┐ cairrci rocky cliffs, CCath. 3413 . clochall cairrgidhe, Hugh Roe² 46.15 . lé fúaim chloichbhéimnigh bhonn a each láidir ` stamping ', Jeremiah xlvii 3 . clochcaop lump of stone , Anecd. ii 53.y . do mhaothughadh do chlochroidhe hard heart , Mac Aingil 1134 . ferr beith a ccloch-dinibh ceall stone shelters , ZCP x 30.23 . im ócbail droichitt .i. cid cloch droichit, Laws i 134.25 Comm. in clochdrochat (sic leg.) ō tigh cech clērig dīb dia chēile, MacCongl. 123.22 . a róimh chlaichfhinntreabh Chonnacht of white-stone houses, DDána 68.28 . lottar . . . tré cloch-ród Coradh Finne stone-paved road(?), AFM v 1668.5 . cloch-sairsi ┐ crann-sairsi art of building in stone, Laws v 92.z Comm. cith cloichṡnechta do ferthain hailstones, RC xviii 150.x (Tig.). gaoth tre chlaichshneachta chiothmhar, DDána 113.15 (cf. na clocha sneachta, 2). maith ro cumad in cleathbhaile / sa clochtaighe, IGT Met. Faults § 58 . ? adinnim deargain / a druith chail ar chlochtaigh, IT iii 90 § 119 . ic córgud chastíal fo churadaib di chlochthress, LL 32238 ( TTr. 1427 ). tuitim isin clochtres tíar, ZCP xiii 12.35 .

With adj. do athairg . . . / mhachaire clachaird Conuill, IGT Decl. ex. 9 . legga corra clochbana of white stone, Fen. 188.21 . flaith corn gclochbhán white-jewelled, Top. Poems² 613 . is o cairgib clochdaeraibh Slebi Chugais rod-coimbris . . . `rock-bound', Aen. 829 . cathair clochdaingen, Grail 3286 . scīath clochdond go ccomhraibh óir, ZCP viii 223 § 18 . ar lámhachadh lann gclochdhonn `bright-jewelled(?)', O'Hara 4035 . do mhionn clachórdha cloichfhionn, DDána 97.38 . crios . . . clachghorm, Rel. Celt. ii 262.5 . 'sin charn chlochthrom, LL 29862 .

With adj. derived from noun. droichett clochaelta do dhenamh la Cathal of stone and mortar(?), AFM iii 618.5 . cuirt clochaolta, Hugh Roe² 216.13 . na coirigh chlochaigeantacha bhíos . . . ag leanmhain dá lochtaibh féin stubborn, TSh. 10492 . a chathbarra caem clochbuadhach set with precious stones, Stair Erc. 735 . an rí co coroin . . . clochbuadhaigh fura cenn, ZCP vi 52.7 . gremaigiss . . . an c[h]loch . . . dia coicēilip comadhus[a] cloch-chomharsnach[a] oile `adjoining', Fl. Earls 148.4 . ¤órda: cinnbhirt clochórdha, Oss. vi 128.11 . With Part. an cheinnbheart chlochfhoirfe (1 foirbthe) crowned with jewels, O'Hara 1502 .

cóir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cóir or dil.ie/10380
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: co(a)ïr, cooir, cáir, cocorib, cáir, -a, -e

adj i Orig. co(a)ïr ( coair: doaib, Fél. Ep. 432 (coir MSS), cooir, SR 1102 ). Later often cáir (see Bard. Synt. Tr. cited below). See OIPG 20 .

1 In physical sense even, well-proportioned, straight : mná córi, LU 3887 ( SCC 40 ). fer c.¤ cutrumma, LL 11917 (TBC). a dá malaig chóiri, BDD² 853 . do grúadaib córaib, Ériu iii 100 § 25c . mani dirgisiu corop c.¤ unless you right it (a leaning house), LU 8394 ( FB 27 ). lenti . . . cori, Cog. 160.y . in cruindi cōir, ZCP viii 114 § 1 .

2 proper, correct, right; suitable, fitting, just : int ord coir, Ml. 29a6 . tara cricha corai, 51d3 . a siansu corai (a p.), 94c3 . taithesc coir, Wb. 27c29 . ? cocorib gl. congruentibus (uerbis), Enchir. Aug. 81a ( ZCP vii 483 ). ríasind trath c.¤ , Mon. Tall. 131.19 . cách 'na cert c.¤ , ZCP viii 200.4 . a comairci cāir, BColm. 88.24 . cauraid cára (: rodána), Rawl. 158.17 . is anima as choair hi sunt a. is the correct form, Ml. 130c10 . ba hed ón ba ch.¤ , Wb. 10b9 . ar ni c.¤ in fotha utmall, Sg. 4b3 . ind pennit bes ch.¤ fort-su `the penance that is meet for thee', Mon. Tall. 130.23 . damadh c.¤ é if it was right (a grammatical procedure), IGT Introd. 29.33 . bés nī bat cōrai just (of persons), ZCP viii 318.32 . Legal: teora tomalta ata chórai, Críth G. 502 . flaith ciniuil coir, Laws ii 202.24 . a mama core, BCrólige 43 . eallach déne cóire, Ériu xiii 18.16 . With n. pr. in voc. a mmo ch.¤ Cathaīr, Fing. R. 484 . a Ch. chóra (: chróda), CRR 26.y (ch.¤ , 4.11).

3 is c.¤ with follg. verbal or vn. clause: is coir a tuic i ndiad á prosperum , Ml. 84c19 . is coir a thabairt doib (sc. tributa), Wb. 6a21 . ni coir descad pectho do buith i sollumun, 9b13 . ba coir ce na chomalnithe you ought to fulfil it, 13a33 . is c.¤ apronomen diainchosc, Sg. 208a4 . is cōir cīa noderba it is fitting that you should confirm it, ZCP viii 108.9 . gan caoineadh na gcorp is cáir, Ó Bruad. ii 122.9 . c.¤ with semi-adverbial force: mé Eba . . . c.¤ is me dochóidh 'sa crand `by rights 'tis I that should have gone upon the cross', Ériu iii 148 § 1 . cáir do-chuaidh na chomhoideacht fittingly , DDána 73.21 . c.¤ do ghabh T. ré dtaoibh, Content. iv 44 . Cf. is coir do marbhus, Stair Erc. 2215 . See compds. with vbs. With added DO: ni coir do neuch rosacht ronícad Duaid one should not hesitate, Ml. 18d20 . doadbadar híc as coir do chách guide dée lia chéle, Wb. 7a13 . ba coir dúibsi cia doberthe testas dinni you should bear witness, 15d8a . amal as coir domsa gl. sicut est mihi iustum, Wb. 23a21 . c.¤ dhó dol 'n-ar sealbha, Dán Dé viii 17 . With LA: ní coair leu a denum gl. minus dignum est, Ml. 48a8 . issed is choir lais . . . inda sacairt doellad . . . arna tiagsad fo graid nepscuip in his opinion erring priests should not become bishops, Mon. Tall. 134.11 .

4 Compar. and superl. ba coru tra bid adnuntiabit no beth híc a. is the better form here, Ml. 45b14 . conid córu suiscélaigthi da rád fris quam fáith, Trip.² 12 . eirg do Themraig . . . Is córu deit, BDD² 149 . nech dar córa creidemain (with intensive force?), BNnÉ 227 § 130 . cára almsa lem anmuinn, Hackett li 16 . coraite a taithmech `it is all the more proper', Ériu xvii 66.19 . go madh córaide dhó sin do dhéanamh `that he might the more easily do this', Keat. ii 3495 . ba sí . . . as córam, BDD² 41 .

5 Adv. co c.¤ gl. effecax, Ml. 69d12 . go c.¤ properly , Celtica i 95.238 . Without co: ferr co mbad chōir nogabtha | comarbus in Rīg, ACL iii 316 § 45 , CMCS i 50 . ? cōic bliadna cethrachat cōir, Arch. Hib. ii 85 § 46 .

As subst. i, f. (in older lang. often with nasalisation of follg. vowel; n., Críth Gabl.). c.¤ , cáir f., IGT Decl. § 42 (g s. -a, -e). Only c.¤ (as against cáir) correct in verse in phrases ar c.¤ , c.¤ gháoithe, Bard. Synt. Tr. 5.29 . Freq. with k- inflection in later lang.

6 rightness, justness, propriety; that which is right or proper; right, due, justice : ro laad cech alt asa choir dam gl. totus resolutus sum, Ml. 44d2 . find cach c.¤ , ACL iii 229.126 . cona tochmaghad a choir cirt, Ériu xiii 17.16 . do ná gaibhter a coir chirt, 31.5 . coir iar n-ecoir, Laws i 254.12 . do reir cora, v 62.33 Comm. do reir coir, 132.10 Comm. ma dognethea a choïr if you did right, ZCP vii 498.7 . fa cheart córa mo bhaile, KMMisc. 56.11 . a coraigh ┐ a n-egoraigh, Hy Maine 161.3 . fer . . . congbala corach for in popul `maintaining the law', PH 2578 . fagháil na cóire, IGT Decl. ex. 1166 . ag cosnamh a gcórach, 1170 . ar an córaidh right (in their teaching), Mac Aingil 6696 . más í a ch.¤ for that is fitting (chev.), SG 390.6 . ar son . . . na cōra, Beatha S. F. 356 . dí maithtear c.¤ na cána the full amount(?), A. Ó Dálaigh vii 8 . an ch.¤ the correct (weight), TSh. 3636 . atorra sin atá in ch.¤ `between them is the golden mean', SG 242.7 . Cóir Anmann `Fitness of Names' (title of tract), IT iii . In phr. tar in cóir: maoin tar an ccóir 'more wealth than you should have', Ériu lxiii 56 § 30 .

7 See also s. córanna. In sense of claim, due, tribute; hence recompense, compensation, penalty, retribution, punishment (partic. in relig. class. verse): ba mor a chair ┐ a chonach, YBL 159b15 . gan coir as O. . . . ar son mairt do gait T. O. not to be held liable for(?), Trans. RIA xv 19 . do ch.¤ aca nī anfodh, O'R. Poems 2254 `what is justly yours', Gloss. da ndernum cáir if I claim my due, Ériu iv 220.17 . ata coir fer talman air ┐ ní fail a coir ar aennech acu, Stair Erc. 702 . gurab orra sin amháin bhíos a ch.¤ (of death), TSh. 754 (`power, authority', Gloss.). do gheabhadh sé c.¤ it ḟeirg `will bring on you punishment', Content. xix 6 . sgaoil do ch.¤ an chíghshéala `lessen the just claim', A. Ó Dálaigh xxxi 7 `requital for', Gloss. c.¤ ghuine Dé the price to be paid for, Aithd. D. 64.25 . na lean c.¤ meidhe an mheasa, Dán Dé vii 16 . maithiomh cóire m'anma `the offences of (claims against) my soul' (notes), LBranach 3616 .

8 Freq. with follg. gen. correctness, correct form (of); proper (legal) arrangement (for); procedure, device, means (of doing someth.): tre cōir bæguil ar demhan a chance of catching the devil napping, Irish Texts i 42.z . coir n-urnadhma `das Ordnungsmassige' (`hier ist es vornehmlich materiell zu verstehen'), Stud. in E. Ir. Law 109 . nídamcuirfe ar ch.¤ cháirde `reduce me to terms of postponement' SG 111.44 . inna coir chétmuinterasa as an accredited c.¤ , Críth G. 200 . dún iona cáir cinnlitre `a fort as it were a capital letter', Ériu v 60.4 . c.¤ clann a chúil arrangement of locks, Magauran 906 . co na hirmaised coir a dhenma the right method of making it, Anecd. ii 7.3 . ní hí an choir égára is fherr unfair method(?), Rel. Celt. ii 291.10 . c.¤ gaíthe favourable wind: techt la reith choir gaithe `with an unfavourable wind', Ml. 126a5 (leg. la frithchóir gáithe ? note). dorala coir gaethi dóib, LL 1654 . coir na gaithi, Ériu v 156.179 . So also: robu ḟearr in choir dunn co S. inas co hE. etir risin gaeth sin, BB 459a39 . coir seolta, 450a20 . c.¤ gáoidhilge correct pronunciation, IGT Introd. 14.z . dēni cōir ṅgaiscid frim fight fair, TBC-I¹ 1289 . c.¤ n-imdegla means of defence, LL 8437 (TBC). tri chōir nindlaig ┐ imc[h]osāidi in order to create division and strife, TBC-I¹ 2237 . c.¤ irnigde `the right way of prayer', Wb. 4a27 . hi coir lanamnusa `in a proper union, BCrólige 56 . coir molta .i. molad laech do forlaéch, BB 301b46 . c.¤ ortagraiph (sic leg.), Corm. 8 s.v. Cormac = ordagraiffe cōir, Corm. Y 204 . tre ch.¤ séisi `skilful arrangement', ZCP i 64 § 81 . coir cach troiscthe `das ist ordnungsmässig bei jedem Fasten', xv 262.1 . c.¤ tuarastail a fair recompense, Metr. Dinds. iii 352.54 . Perh. with ellipse of noun in: dochansaidhe c.¤ , Ériu xiii 42.17 . canaid c.¤ / coscrach cridemail, LU 8694 ( FB 52 ) (perh. adv.). With adj.: c.¤ tessaide `a febrile (pestilence)', Ann. Inisf. 1093. 10 . See athchomarc, athgabáil, cethrochair, comrád etc.

9 In prep. phrases (see Celtica i 349 and comair): ar ch.¤ choróine in the form of, Dán Dé xx 21 . ? fótha ar c.¤ troda, IGT Decl. ex. 1049 . do coir a coinghilla `by right of', Laws i 266.7 . dá coir near it, BCC 51 . ó nach fuil comhghar dhar gc.¤ (: seanóir), Ériu i 16.15 . cunnig dam mnaí menmnag móir / bess ria c.¤ mo theglaich thúaid, LL 29524 `who can watch over', Ériu vii 232 . re c.¤ mara (: dóibh) beside, LBranach 778 . re coir a cheilebartha `for the purpose of', MR 300.12 . a gc.¤ feadhma ready for, LBranach 6246 . a c.¤ (ar ch.¤, v.l.) druidealta ar dorchacht like, IGT Decl. ex. 672 . tiagait . . . A. ┐ S. a coir a seda co sruth A., Aen. 1311 . tangattar i cc.¤ thurasa d'fios a ttíre fén on a journey, BNnÉ 12.10 . Cf. iar coir Parduis towards P., SR 1180 .

10 In adv. phrases: ní thaudchaid a brú for c.¤ never recovered, LU 6078 (TBC). a thabairt fór c.¤ , PH 2128 . co ná rabhadar rechta nó cinnti senaidh ar coir occo `were rightly with them', CCath. 251 . nī bīat rīg is nī bīat suïdh for a coïr as they should be, ZCP viii 195.12 . fon c.¤ cetna in the same way, Rawl. 87a48 . cona facbatís cnáim . . . i c.¤ re cheli, LB 154a61 . gan clērca iar cōir `without proper clergy', Ériu xviii 60 § 12 . co no fil iar n-a choir, PH 4239 .

11 Compds. With nouns: coir aisneis, Laws i 80.27 Comm. a chóirchloch `o chiselled stone', O'Gr. Cat. 492.33 . i gcóirchuibhreann, DDána 20.24 . coirdírgi, BDD² 31 . coirseis gl. corus, Laws i 132.3 Comm. With adj.: cúinge an chreidimh chóirshlighthigh, Ó Bruad. iii 80.24 . With vb. cairemain .i. is coir-fuaiprid (etymol. gl.), Laws v 106.21 Comm. cōir fūaigt[h]er, Corm. Y 340 (crūach). Perh. as conj. Part. in: nad coir canad do chennaibh, Ériu xiii 17.5 (= c.¤- chanat ?). niba hegna nad coir coiccerta canoin, 31.13 .

1 coirthe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 coirthe or dil.ie/10414

 

n io, m. Cf. dí chorthi, LU 5878 (TBC), LB 124b31 (infl. of cloch). Also ca-. rock; pillar, standing stone : ni airigestár in corthe már bái inna ḟarrad comméte friss fessin, LU 5749 (TBC). im cháel in chorthe . . . remur in chorthe, TBC-LL² 459 - 60 . cluid ┐ c.¤ ┐ carrge, 2319 = cairthe ┐ carrce, TBC-I¹ 1989 = LU 6502 . thugadh mind oir A. arcairthi, RC xv 75.28 . corthi cumdachta . . . dí or isin tegdais pillar, Alex. 595 . rosaithset a cairthedha, Ériu viii 44.13 . cairthe nach cumhsgaigthi (of warrior), O'R. Poems 1065 . c.¤ cech rēid caill cech mōin, Four Songs 18 § 3 ( LL 29444 ). buailtear an long . . . fá chairthe nó fá charraig, TSh. 3768 . tug tonn Clíodhna cuim do charthaibh `beats its breast against the boulders', Ó Bruad. ii 244.12 . saighet a cairthe (of impossible task), Anecd. ii 72.7 . In phr. fer coirthi waif : fear eclasa; fear coirte (`rock man'), Laws v 132.4 .i. gan fearann .i. do cuirtear ar beind croisi . . . no ar clochan, 134.16 Comm. fer corrthe .i. mac tochair, O'Curry 836 ( H 3.18, 382a ). Of memorial stone, grave-stone: la side rochētecbad corthe, ZCP viii 303.2 . rochuir aile (leg. ailche, Ed.) cloch a corthib `rocks of stones were put by him into menhirs', Cóir Anm. 12 . atat a ndí chorthi and .i. corthi Findabrach ┐ corthi in druith, LU 5878 (TBC). coirthi no clandaitis in tan ba maidm n-imairic, BDD² 623 . co fuilet fáe na tri carthadhaib . . . uath[a] ainmnighther na cairthedha, Acall. 7342 - 3 . Of boundary stone: tir . . . i curtar lia, Laws iv 6.12 .i. corthe . . . lia ┐ coirtha flatha ann co festar a cuid and, 8.6 Comm.

With defining element: corthi curad `a warrior's pillar-stone', MacCongl. 47.18 . cort[h]ie cethorc[h]uir, ZCP viii 120.21 . ós an chairthe chuil the accursed stone, Magauran 189 . Ceann Cruaiche, cairthe na n-éacht, 1064 . diasai inmnái icoirthi salaind (of Lot's wife), SR 2810 . c.¤ cloiche pillar-stone, flagstone : do choemnacair c.¤ cloche fo chossaib Mic C., LU 7944 (BDD). in corthi cloichi, MU² 646 . sáthadh dhá carrtha chloch n-dileann, ML 140.20 . Of particular standing stones: a mbun Cart[h]i na nGīall (at Tara), BColm. 72.20 . coirthi Chnāmchaille, ZCP viii 332.23 . corthe críche (name of a game), Celtica viii 149.10 . In nn. loc. see Hog. Onom. s.v. Cairthe , etc.

col

Cite this: eDIL s.v. col or dil.ie/10473
Last Revised: 2019

 

n o, n. (see Ml. 91a21 below). m. IGT Decl. § 67 .

(a) infringement, violation; wrong, sin : in chuil gl. piaculi, Ml. 16c1 . cen ch.¤ fair gl. expers mali, 93d1 . forsna mmórch. gl. tantorum scelerum, 91a21 . inna c.¤ (g p.), Thes. i 714.10 . cuimrech an coimdeth ba c.¤ , Blathm. 122 . c.¤ a nomine caligo , Corm. Y 349 . O'Curry 143 ( H 3.18, 80 ). ar c[h]ul no aimleas `for sin or hurt', Ériu xii 170.4 (TÉ). manab duinoirguin no nac cul coicle .i. . . . ni bes col no bes cloen .i. fell no eithech . . ., O'Curry 638 ( H 3.18, 307 ). do choluib clercechta clerical sins, Ériu ii 228.9 . o'tconncatar . . . éccraibdige D. ┐ a chula hile, PH 967 . c.¤ .i. a colpa, non culpa apud ueteres , O'Mulc. 232 . a haithli in chuil doronni .i. duni d'ithi, TTebe 3412 . scris ar culu ┐ ar corbaid, LB 74b8 . c.¤ sídh violation of, Aithd. D. 84.17 . claonadh mo [chuil] (cail, MS.) fan umhla `let my sins yield to humility', PBocht 12.32 .

In phrr. is c.¤ do it is unlawful for; ní c.¤ do X. X is entitled to, it is lawful for X: is c.¤ dúin, Fél. Ep. 98 . is ch.¤ do cach ḟir d'Eoganacht goinfes fer do C[h]recrugu, ZCP viii 309.22 . ní c.¤ dó cid less ar mbéo et ar mmarb gl. siue ergo uiuimus, siue morimur, Domini sumus, Wb. 6b20 (i.e. dead or alive we belong to Him). comtangad cách forcital crist ar ni c.¤ do attá a deolid iar cúul caích `it is no fault of His that His grace is behind everyone', 31c15 (`non nefas, vel immeritum, si', Sarauw, n.). asbertadar fris nārbo ch.¤ dō, ar doradsad mōr do maith dō fora lonnges (Medb and Ailill urging Fergus to enter the battle against the Ulaid), TBC-I¹ 3542 .

(b) In particular, incest : eter fer is mnái ba c.¤ , SR 6711 . luid ina gnáis, ciarbo ch.¤, / don tsiair, Metr. Dinds. iii 44.73 . Ioruath mar do aontuigh ch.¤ / lé chéile is bean a bhráthar, Dán Dé xi 23 .

Hence (c) degree of kinship as impediment to marriage : ni bhi c.¤ fria seitic doib, acht siur nó mathair, Marco P. 27 . Cf. 39 . foigsi an chuil the nearness of the relationship, Mac Aingil 3004 .

By extension (d) guilt, blame(?): cech olc dogní in tuath / . . . / ort a ch.¤ sech cach, LL 18962 . In an imprecation: fair a ch.¤ ┐ a dhuabhais, SG 242.24 . (olc) ort do chlé ┐ do ch.¤ duabais, RC xxix 132 § 45 . 146 § 70 .

Attrib. g s sinful, wicked; forbidden by laws of consanguin- ity: cen chuibdi clethi no cuil secret or sinful union, SR 2399 . ben chuil ` concubine ', PH 867 . mna cúil ┐ cairdeasa dionnarbhadh ó fheraibh 'to put away concubines and lemans from men', AFM ii 1100z (s.a. 1152) . an corp cuil, Dán Dé xxii 27 . céile chuil `forbidden spouse', A. Ó Dálaigh xv 14 . fear cuil `kinsman', Donlevy 94.17 . g p. ba gnimh c.¤ , Blathm. 47 .

Predic. g s. is cuil a nda-radais dam, bid ingen nos-bér (i.e. you have given me the wrong remedy. She wanted a son), BDD² 68 . cuil .i. olc no toirmisgthe, O'Cl. , citing this ex. ? do damnaid na coladh, ACL iii 241 § 15 (: comall).

Compds. ? bid docht huas colblai cuind, IT iii 17 § 44 (chorplæ, v.l.). Cf. ceithre colcluiche `guilty games' (because of danger involved), Celtica viii 150.3 , 151 . dā cholcomhardha nār clais `two sinful tokens(?) in our choir', Ériu xviii 64 § 28 .

colainn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. colainn or dil.ie/10477

 

Forms: colann, colann, calann, colinn, colno, chollno, cholin, colinn, -ain

n i, f. Later colann. colann calann f., IGT Decl. § 37 . Cf. indiu is do cendaib colla tall, Laws i 44.1 . n s. colinn, Wb. 26a23 . g s. (inna) colno , 4a9 (gl. carnem), 9c10 , 31d2 . chollno, Wb. 3d1 . d s. cholin, 10b20 . colinn, 15d14 . -ain, Ml. 38c9 .

(a) body; flesh : is Iesse as bunad do-ssom . . . iár colinn gl. secundum carnem, Wb. 6d10 . ar n-athir iar colinn, 2b23 . hi fóisite césto dia cholin-som, 3d24 . ar colno císu `the taxes of our flesh', Thes. ii 325.19 (Hy. iv). tol cholno (attrib. g s.), Wb. 20c20 . ar Chríst crochais c.¤ , Fél. Mar. 12 . itir lacht ┐ gnimraidh ┐ c.¤ (of cattle), Laws ii 66.18 . ri thanic i colla crí, SR 7517 . sírchóemna m'anmasa / scéo colla, LU 1194 . dergnat colla, 3470 ( SCC 25 ). i llaxai ┐ i téti a collai, 2195 ( FA 27 ). caradradh do cholna .i. cairdes cíche ┐ glúine, Ériu xiii 45.22 . ar nís gaodae fír chairde na caraid colna, 44.25 . gérbho soicenelach hé iar cc.¤ , RC xxv 390 § 3 . colund gl. caro, Ir. Gl. 919 . o chaithes in choland in mbiad, PH 4800 . an chalann chuil , Dán Dé xxviii 33 . chalann (: anam), TSh. 3314 (cit.). (attá) i colainn (is) alive; (is) in human form : ro bói Crist i colinn gl. secundum carnem, Wb. 15d14 . céin bai hi colaind, LU 1967 ( FA 3 ). tearc do choimbeodha i gcoluinn, DDána 74.64 .

(b) corpse, carcass; trunk : troigh mná troghain / for a ccollaib, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919, 93 § 19 . cend na mnā for indara burt ┐ colann for in burt n-ailiu, Cáin Ad. 7 . urba ria collaib (it is lawful) to make a gap for the conveyance of corpses, Laws iv 154.22 . cach mairt mainighther coland i sleib, v 330.15 Comm. co farnic in colann cen cend, Corm. Y 1018 (p. 87.y). uallfaidh coin ōs collaib crē, Ériu xviii 70 § 59 . bā coland cen chend / bā cend cen cholaind (of a useless proceeding), MacCongl. 73.12 , 13 .

(d) In Laws, material subject of a bargain etc.; principal, capital, object pledged or lent; corpus delicti; basis, ground, cause (of a claim, charge); substance (of which an article is made); is ruidhlis do neoch an dosli a coland fadeisin (i.e. a man is fully entitled to what his own capital earns), O'Curry 396 ( H 3.18, 221a ). duine dorigne cunnra . . . ┐ nocho rucadh colann uadha (i.e. the subject of the bargain was not actually handed over), O'D. 575 ( H 3.17, 443 ). fer meodhon gaide . . . ┐ nocha tarrustar colund aice (i.e. the stolen article was not found with him), O'Curry 2159 ( Eg. 88, 4 ). techta fuillema gill capuill . . . ailid tri ech ina muin la aithgin a collnna compensation equivalent to the original pledge, Laws v 406.3 . techta fuillema gill escra . . . do-s-li .u. seotu trenib . . . trian di setaib faithche, trian di setaib tige, trian di colaind fadeisin, la aithgin a chollnna i comdire a escra, 410.3 , 4 ( di colaind fadesin .i. di comchinoil .i. di umha, 10 Comm. ). ni lais dire a seoit, acht c.¤ aithgena nama `nur das Corpus (der Gegenstand) des Ersatzes' (of a `fuidir'), Ir. Recht 63 § 1 (coland v.l.) (i.e. because the lord to whom he is bound pays his fines, he also gets the `díre' due to the `fuidir' whose goods have been stolen or damaged) = Laws v 512.5 . fertair c.¤ aithgena cachae dia trise co [m]boin inna muin `the body of compensation of each is paid after three days, with a cow in addition,' Laws v 400.z . it dilsi collnaib ┐ aithginaib `sind sie verfallen, die Gegenstände (selber) und (= oder ihr) Ersatz', ZCP xiv 379 § 42 . is tualaing a lesaigthi ar in nech do beir no cren acht coland fri rathugad techta nama (of levying compensation for stolen goods introduced into a (king's) residence), Laws iii 242.1 (? he is liable for the restoration only of the object stolen if his good faith is adequately vouched for). ní híctur acht colunn náma the original pledge only (not the increase, in the case of an animal which has had young while in pledge), i 280.16 Comm. fuilgenn .i. inas na colla nó aithgin `increase of the . . . object pledged(?) or the equivalent', O'Dav. 862 . fer i taib no [in] airceand íte coland a feich `(the destruction of) the grass at the side or at the end (of the field) is the substance of the liability', Laws iv 120.z . eacur colla fiach adgairtur dicolla athgabail `let the original debts claimed be balanced against the original distress', ii 98.5 , 6 . do tuitet a colann feich olchena `they are all forfeited for the original debt', i 224.3 Comm. Also with follg. sét (g p.), colainn sét being translated Wertgegenstand by Thurneysen: ferdair collna set i naithcu(i)r `es werden (nur) die Wertgegenstände (selber) als Rückgabe gegeben', ZCP xiv 387 § 52 ( Laws ii 322.5 ). con-fodlait(h)er colla set saire i n-erenaiter fri somaine `es werden die Wertgegenstände mit der "Freiheit", in der sie gegeben worden sind, gegen die Leistungen abgewogen', ibid. (2). la diabul n-aithgina do collnaib set ┐ do somaine `neben dem Doppel-Ersatz der Wertgegenstände und der Leistungen', 390 § 57 (330.5). is eccen a n-athgin fo coibne fria collna set, no set adgo fechem dar a n-esse `compensation proportionate to the original articles' (of fine goblets etc. given in pledge), Laws v 408.2 . mad ar diumand in ceile in-asa in flaith a seotu, is dilis don cele log n-einech dib do collaib set aithgena, na toglen somaine collna set `ist dem Genossen sein Ehrenpreis aus ihnen, aus den Wertgegenständen des Ersatzes verfallen, ohne dass den Wertgegenständen Leistungen anhaften', ZCP xiv 391 § 59 ( Laws ii 336.5 , 6). ? ro fes as n-erraithi de collna denta .i. ro fes conad e ícus intí doroine denta indlightecha frisin colainn, O'Curry 2160 ( Eg. 88, 4 ).

Compds. With noun. -ér(a)ic wergild : colainn-ēr(a)ic `Leichen-Bezahlung', Ir. Recht 14.13 . colannéric deoraidh do thabhairt inntu `die Tötungsbusse eines Ausländers', 68.3 . co colainderce cert `to the exact amount of the body-price', Bretha 23 . With Vn. claidem cruaidhgher colundledartha, Aen. 2499 . With adj. i mogal cháidh cholannghlan, Aithd. D. 76.7 .

con-scara

Cite this: eDIL s.v. con-scara or dil.ie/12293
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: cosc(a)r-, -comscar-, conscuire, -coscairther, —cosgarthar, -coscram, con-scarat, -coscairthea, coscair, condascara, -comscara, -ad-, chonscarad, -coscrad, -comscarad, conscéra, conscera, cotscéra, caiscērthar, conscerad, cotascrais, con scar, -comscar, conascar, conscaradh, conascrad, cotascrith, conascarsat, coscar, coscrad, coscarthae

v (* com-scar-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 614 ). Prot. -cosc(a)r- and -comscar-. Indic. pres. 3 s. c.¤ , ZCP xi 87 § 49 . O'Dav. 477 . LB 12az . ? conscuire, O'Curry 383 ( H 3.18, 216a ). Pass. -coscairther, Auraic. 1174 = —cosgarthar, 4270 . 1 p. -coscram, Wb. 2b20 . 3 p. con-scarat, Tec. Corm. 16.96 . Impf. 3 s. pass. -coscairthea, TBC-LL² 3347 . Ipv. 2 s. coscair, TBC-LL² 3486 . Subj. pres. 3 s. condascara, Trip.² 2509 . -comscara, Otia ii 96 § 27 . With -ad-: ma chon ascrae, O'Curry 801 ( H 3.18, 371b ). Impf. 3 s. chonscarad, Ml. 23b14 . -coscrad, Wb. 10c1 . -comscarad, Blathm. 92 § 10 . fut. 3 s. conscéra, Wb. 26a8 . LU 10035 . conscera, Ml. 56d6 . BB 212a49 . cotscéra, Airne F. 236 ( Anecd. ii 7.24 ). Cf. codescarfa, LU 5567 . Pass. caiscērthar, ZCP viii 207.33 . Condit. 3 s. conscerad, LL 354e6 . Pret. and perf. (with -ad-) 2 s. (with inf. pron.) cotascrais, Ml. 91b12 . 3 s. con scar, Blathm. 92 § 8 . TBC-I¹ 3606 . -comscar, Ml. 91c9 . AU i 366.13 . conascar, LL 12784 . Anecd. iii 25.12 . Pass. conscaradh, IT iii 191.13 . conascrad, Wb. 21b15 . ? cotascrith, TBC-I¹ 3423 (rhet.). 3 p. conascarsat, Ml. 87b22 . In later meanings (b) and (c) coscraid. IGT Verbs §§ 45 , 46 .

Vn. coscar, coscrad (incl. -airt). Part. coscarthae.

(a) destroys, breaks, knocks down, scatters : conascrad . . . in maceries ro bói eter Dia et duine, Wb. 21b15 . mór in chairdine dorignis friu . . . ┐ cotascrais iarum, Ml. 91b12 . conscera gl. distituet, 56d6 . ar ná coscrad in deseircc ṁbráthardi, Wb. 10c1 . incomscar Dia són acairde gl. utrum . . . pacta . . . desoluta, Ml. 91c9 . conscéra rect núiadnissi, Wb. 26a8 . bha ferr do ni comhsgarad / caine maic ind righ, Blathm. 92 § 10 . conscarat nád rothinólat (of women), Tec. Corm. 16.96 . con- dascara `splits', TBC-LL² 3987 . an Rig mair isa cumhachta dascara conscarfa an mbith, Ériu ii 136 § 122 . con-scértar renna nime 'the stars of heaven will be scattered', SR (Greene) 8152 .

(b) kills, hacks, dismembers; slaughters : ro choscair macc Maire `has destroyed them', RC xxiii 316.10 . coscrais L. in laeg, BB 252b30 . romarb . . . in mart . . . ┐ rocoscair, Anecd. i 46.10 . anuair chaisgerthar an bó `when the cow is cut up', Ériu iii 160 § 13 . rocosccradh in bratan oc in clérech, RC xxvii 284 § 40 .

(c) separates (from): sreba, srúama sruthacha, | con-scēraiter fri fairge 'streams, running rivers will separate from the sea', SR 8139 . co comscara Dīa dínn a m-bruth, Otia ii 96 § 27 . gur chosgair a cheann dá choluinn, CRR² 36 .

(d) In class. verse with obj. céill, scél, etc. exposes, declares, tells : géar uaim go gcoisgéar a chéill (of story of death of the Baptist), PBocht 27.20 (see note). geibh é ┐ casgair mo chéill, IGT Verbs ex. 405 . a gcoisgéar `what I shall set forth', PBocht 11A.8 . faoiside chuil / go ceart gidh cia (sic leg.) do chaisgéaradh should anyone make full confession of a sin, Dán Dé xxx 5 . ó do chosgrais . . . / ar fhéadabhair do rádh, Content. x 4 .

1 cré

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cré or dil.ie/12779

 

Forms: crieid, criad, críad, chrieid, chried, chríaid, crí, crí, c.

n d, f. a s. crieid, Ml. 85c14 . g s. criad, Wb. 4c30 . críad, LU 1429 . dissyll., Fél. Apr. 19 . d s. chrieid, Ml. 102d9 . chried, 44c1 . chríaid, SR 7683 . crí cited GOI 222 . de crí , Blathm. 90 § 1 . c.¤ f., IGT Decl. § 97 . Later indecl.

Clay, earth : inna criad gl. luti, Ml. 44c1 . inch.¤ fechtnach sin gl. limus, 81c14 . cre maeth, Trip.² 859 . ? in taulchuma .i. in chrē derg bāe sin tenid (in a smithy), Corp. Gen. 132.16 . Cf. crocán criad, O'Gr. Cat. 179.14 . airliter cumni cóich comarbai c.¤ land , LU 3474 ( SCC 25 ). grian .i. ō chri[aid] crē .i. a creta , O'Mulc. 661 . With téit: ar ndul duit i gc.¤ after dying, DDána 8.9 . dul fá chriaidh, Dánta Gr. 16.15 . Hence: a run do comoill co criaidh till death (?), BB 56b20 . ? Cf. C. . . . / coilles cludu cocriaich, Rawl. 116c35 (perh. to be read as cocriach with Corp. Gen. 9.2 ). an ráth gheal ler caitheadh c.¤ backed with earth (?), DDána 119.13 . trē mhēud na criadh, Beatha S. F. 3128 . a ch.¤ chúil (of Mary) supporting earthworks, Aithd. D. 54.2 . as ē crē chúil Ghall is Gaoidheal (of chieftain), Butler Poems 569 .

In g s. etc. as epithet of the body: corpan criad `a poor body of clay', RC xxiii 416.7 . fer cáin i curp críad gil (7 sylls.), Imr. Brain 50 . olc dūthchus na colla crīad, ACL iii 238 § 4 ( Aithd. D. 80 ). ructha dochum pardais ina corpaib criad (of Elias and Enoch), LL 36409 . fuair sidéic a síair i slánti / do chriaid fhir na báirci hí she was of the family of (?), LL 37770 ( SG 361. 40 ). an chraobh do chriaidh chumhraidhe (of Alexander), Ir. Syll. Poetry 37 § 3 .

Hence in transfd. sense the body : crín moc.¤ , Corm. 21.30 . ri roches hicriaid chain, SR 7769 . gan chrínadh criadh ná chomluth, Anecd. i 29.6 . gach ríoghradh ór chin a ch.¤ , DDána 91.4 . Note also: cre duine bad aille . . . inas `a man of fairer mould', Ann. Conn. 1228.2 .

Attrib. g s earthen : foithraicedh criadh mud bath, RC xi 30.20 . a dhúil [chriadh], PBocht 1.36 . ceard chorcán gcriadh do dhéanamh, TSh. 313 . mur . . . criadh, Hugh Roe² 172.11 . dream . . . na gcos gcriadh, Dán Dé xxix 5 .

In n. pr. Crob Criad Hand of Clay, BColm. 74.4 .

In n. loc. a cath Droma Críadh, Cóir Anm. 102 .

Compds. With nouns: cainnech mo c[h]omarci/ . . . ar caire criadbāis from mortal sin (?), ACL iii 219 § 1 . a chriadhchurpáin, Párl. na mB. 2093 . tógbad pirrél a créfhaladh bheg `earthen wall', ALC i 328.17 = crebanach, O'Gr. Cat. 8.27 . an troightheach criaidh-iarainn, TSh. 75 . inna credmaigi (a p.), Ériu ii 124 § 70 . With adj. criad-gel, Rawl. B 512, 120a1 cited Contribb. 515 (`chalk-white').

creb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. creb or dil.ie/12783

 

n gen chuil, gen chrebh im choimghním, Airne F., 370 `probablement une forme simplifiée de crebhar', n. ro thechsetar . . . amail elta bo . . . re creib ┐ re culib ` gadflies ', Cog. 192.3 .

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