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accmaing

Cite this: eDIL s.v. accmaing or dil.ie/157

Forms: accmac, acfaing, acfuinn

n Earlier accmac o, later a., acfaing, acfuinn f., g s. and n p. -e. Vn. of 2 ad-cumaing. See also under tacmang.

(a) act of encompassing, encircling: doreccacha Mac Roth huad do accmac Slebe Fuaid, TBC-I¹ 3107 . acmac .i. timcealladh, O'Cl. acmac `a circuit or compass', Eg. Gl. 655 .

(b) power, ability, capacity: acmhaing .i. árach no cumhachda, O'Cl. ní roibhi acmhaing etir aigi Laeg do imtheacht uadh, TBC-LL¹ p. 329 note 8 . is sgath uaisleachta Chláir Chuinn / fa nguaisbhearta áigh d'acmhuing in that he is able to emulate their . . . deeds, DDána 102.10 . do-ní mé . . . réir gach aoinfhir fam acmhuinn according to my ability, 101.33 . ní mó ná acfuinn gach fhir / do shirfeadh Dia ar na daoinibh `God asks of men no more than man can give', Dán Dé xxii 33 . déin na deagh-oibre . . . do réir th'acfainne spioradalta ┐ corpordha, Mac Aingil 3772 . amal badh accmaing duit to the best of thy power, ZCP iv 388.15 . an acfuinn do bhí san duine re déanamh deigh-ghníomh, TSh. 2911 . ar ní as fhóille ná ar n-acmhuinn `for less than my best effort', PBocht 17.18 . a mheic Alprainn ní budh fhoráil / deit ar n-acmhaing d'anóir `all the honour we could pay you' Dán Dé xii 12 . eire ós acfuinn dimshníomh a load of trouble too great for her, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 29 § 4 . gé nach fuil acfainn . . . san Ngaoidheilg aguinn, Desid. 26 . do-ní iad féin broinn-líonta ré biadhaibh . . . tar a n-acfuinn, TSh. 7242 . With gen.: eacmuing na neche sin ability to perform those things, Laws ii 284.14 Comm. acfaing a denma, BB 446a28 . acmaing a ritholma, Cog. 50.7 . acmuing a bfreasta[i]l, Hugh Roe 142.14 . ni fuair a.¤ falmaisi orro, Acall. 7695 . acfuinn uraghaill, TSh. 4195 .

(c) means, instrument, apparatus (somet. in concrete sense): créd í an acmhaind is cóir do bheith ag denamh an bhaistigh? `what should be the outward observance in Baptism?', Carswell 231 . dobeir . . . trelamh ┐ acfaing fair, Moling 47 . loscfitir bar loṅga . . . nachbar-bé accmaing ellam rí imgabáil, LL 238b30 `so that ye will not have ready means of avoiding', TTr. 1620 . ca ha.¤ fil acat do cur friss?, Mer. Uil. 57 . uile acmoinge marbtha daoine, TFrag. 234.18 . níor chaomhain . . . a neart Samson . . . ná aon oile aon-acfuinn dá mbí ann ar ghuaisibh an bháis, TSh. 612 . cheanglas céadfadha an chuirp ┐ acfuinne na hanma resources(?), 7906 .

(d) abundance, wealth: as lár haoibhnis ┐ hacfainne from the midst of pleasure and abundance, RC xxiii 20.2 . mar shaltraim ar úr Innse / acmhaing (sic leg.) mo shúl shilim-se copious tears, DDána 77.4 . do reir acmuinne in othuir = secundum divitias patientis, Rosa Angl. 84.16 . bíodh iomad acfuinne airgid ag neach multas pecuniarum facultates, TSh. 9990 . acfaind ┐ craes ┐ anóir, de Contemptu, 1121 . mar a fuil an medi so do acfuinn superabundantia, Smaointe B. Chr. 6013 . bit acmuinn mor fertana ┐ fuachta is in tsamradh, Ir. Astr. Tr. 124.13 . ca hacfaing loin nó gébhadh what supply of provisions he would get, CCath. 1478 . cen acfuing tṡloigh innti dó do frestal catha sufficiency, 1225 . Cf. nach ḟuil acfainn catha aca am agaid si (sic leg.) CF 597 . do b[f]agbad acmaing comad cath do berad, Cog. 130.17 .

Note also: do fhagaibh do ┐ da cloind / Maisi fa maith in acmoing / gan peist. . ./ a tír da ngebdais Gaídeil, BB 18a22 . (see Keat. ii 416 n. 309 ).

aibit

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aibit or dil.ie/740

Forms: aibíd, aibhid

n f. aibíd, aibhid f., IGT Decl. § 13 (Lat. habitus). Perh. infl. by Fr. habit, see Vendr. Lex.

(a) habit, dress: aingel . . . ┐ a a.¤ mar in snechta, YBL 146b24 . idir chóta ┐ chaipín / idir aibíd is asán, TD 38.6 . Esp. of religious habit: iar ngabail abiti manaig imme, Ann. Conn. 1238.10 . an rí fírén . . . d'écc . . . i naibíd manaigh léth, AFM iii 212.8 . a n-a.¤ san Fronses, Marco P. 1 . do chuadhas a n-ord ┐ do chlaechluigheas mh'édach a n-aibid, ITS xxix 110.9 . gairid ar mbúain resin mbeirt / gur smúain in aibhid d'imeirt, IGT Decl. ex. 625 . iar sgrios aibíde . . . na hurchóide dhíbh, TSh. 6950 . aibídedha crābaidh do chur iompa, SG 10.19 . ro gab a aibitt iarnaidi ┐ a culaid comruicc imbe (of armour), Grail 2771 .

(b) habit, custom: tvc drvim frisna haibidibh saogalla, Aisl. Tond. 118.4 . is coir aibit in chuirp do choimhead co friochnumhach, ITS xxix 138.27 . Med. is ó na complexib doníter aibídech[a] na corp = habitudines, O'Gr. Cat. 251.12 .

1 áige

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 áige or dil.ie/916

Forms: ága(e)

n also ága(e). n., Críth G. Vocab . m., IGT Decl. § 2 . joint, member, part of the body: cach mball ┐ cach n-alt . . . ┐ cach n-áge, LU 6445 (TBC). cech n-alt ┐ cech n-aighe dhe, RC xiii 5.11 . corbó lán cech n-alt ┐ cech n-ága and dia grád, TTr.² 492 . fail sund á.¤ do churp ríg, Metr. Dinds. iii 190.1 . na fer fogla fri haga . . . .i. an gae do denum fri a memru, O'Curry 454 ( H 3.18, 242a ). cor trascair M. . . . coro scor i mminagib, LU 6721 . ní ricfad acht do chnámi mintai ┐ t'aigi fodailte arís dochum longphuirt, TBC-LL¹ 1856 . co ro-cuir úad i n-a n-ágaib minta, CRR 50 § 47 ( LL 10029 ). condaralsat é na ágib, LL 22396 . nambrethed i n-aigib, Dinds. 42 ( RC xv 433 ). roscáil a chnáma 's a chorp / ruc cach n-ága co hard-phort, Metr. Dinds. iii 372.78 . ni roan don beist conderna aighedha fogalta feolscaeilti di, Grail 2040 . gerraidh a cuirp ┐ doní aighedha ega dibh, Stair Erc. 2314 . ?gur fhobair aghaidh fhoghladh ┐ fheolsgaoilte do dhenamh de (of a young bird attacked by the mother bird), Celt. Rev. x 138.26 . ní faca ball nā aidhi di cen crechta, Grail 1776 . ciat imdha ágha mo chuirp . . . biaidh cell im gach n-ágha díbh, ZCP xii 391.14 . ar lár gach áighe . . . dhíom, DDána 42.16 . Of a joint of meat: míach . . . fri haithchumba[e] n-á.¤ dia chethrai, Críth G. 190 . no rannad cech n-ágae cona chlaidiub, TBFr. 126 . trí haige bruithi and, Laws i 48.2 Comm. creic aige carrnu i n-a tech, v 284.30 . tuc ága ar cach mbir fosech, RC vii 300.159 .

2 aín

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 aín or dil.ie/1163
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: aíne, a.

n f. Also aíne. (Lat. ieiunium, see GOI p. 573 ) fast, period of fasting (originally as an ascetic practice, as opposed to troscad ‘coercive fasting’ Ireland in Early Mediaeval Europe 169 ): ain .i. troscad, ut est firbes athgabala aine, O'Dav. 55 . in rí dorigne in n-óene, SR 7600 . ōene chorgais ronāin Crīst, ZCP xiii 28 § 9 . dī ōene na sechtmaine / i n-ōene co cert, 29.1 . buith i n-óini, Ériu ii 65 § 8 . dobhatar tredenus ind oine they had been three days without food, Lism. L. 204 . missi . . . romḟuca sech ṡáebi sneíd / torud aíni in rig roreid, LL 17725 ( BB 9a22 ). oeni dano, ar Molling, atósa im throscud o thosuch domain, LL 284b27 . tredan ┐ tromáinte, Alex. 452 . an aoine as crádh don choloinn, DDána 55.6 . dá mbristeá trosgadh . . . a n-aointibh an chorghuis, Mac Aingil 3051 . In homilies of wrongful abstention from religious duties: ocht n-áine na tuillet fochraicc, PH 8365 . áine oc tomailt chuirp Crist, 8373 . áine . . . o fhoghlaim ecna Dé, 8377 . aine re corp Crist, Ériu xix 7 § 5 (see notes). Of the fast on the eve of a feast day, hence vigil: oene (.i. uigil Pedair) tenn mar thocbaim `as I set up a severe vigil', Gorm. June 28 . dond epiphain aine `the vigil of the Epiphany', Jan. 5. for aene na n-apstol, Oct. 27. In names of days of the week: cét-a.¤ (lit. first fast) Wednesday: dia cétáine rogabad in salm so, Ml. 113d3 . hi cetain, LU 1855 . im nemcaithem feola i nainib ┐ i cetainib not eating meat on Fridays and Wednesdays, Laws iii 14.20 Comm. tardaín, dardaín (= etar-dí-aín) (lit. between two fasts) Thursday: tar(a)daín do lanamnas, Críth G. 546 . dardain do ṡaeraib, Ériu xvii 72.21 ( Laws iv 216 ). See dardóin. aín dídin(e) (lit. end fast) Friday: aín díden do retha[i]b ech, Críth G. 546 . atacumbat echtraind . . . i n-óin didin ar Elpai on Friday, ZCP xiii 379.5 . ind āin diten hi Rāith Bic / dīth Diarmata immaric, 380.12 . See under 1 díden. Also aíne without qualifying wd.: i n-aínib ┐ domnachaibh, Críth G. 145 . aine ┐ satharnd, Ériu xvii 74 § 2 ( Laws iv 216 ). Kl. Enair for aine, RC xvii 414.21 (Tig.). ? ar dá cét déc sét saeire / cusan aíne fár genair, SG 148.14 ( Acall. 2424 ). aíne in césda Good Friday, LU 2772 . saothar oirrdheirc na hAoine, DDána 27 a.¤ , 29 . aíne órda, name of special Fridays on which a particularly severe fast was practised: is iad so in da dubhaine deg ordha na bliadna .i. in cedaine do marta etc., L. Chl. S. 120 . sechtmuin onde co haíne in césda ┐ da aine ordha uirri .i. áeni na féli Muiri ┐ aíni in cesda, LU 2772 . co fuilet dā Aíne dēc ōrda sa bliadhain, Éigse ix 32 . isin óini ordai, O'Dav. 155 .

1 aire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aire or dil.ie/1883

n [] f. See Lochlann ii 221-2 .

(a) As vn. act of guarding, watching over, tending, caring for: a.¤ inna aithche huile gl. uigelando, Ml. 95d10 . ara mbethe ico n-airi co llocharnnaib (of guarding relics), Trip.² 2828 . mo arise duib innocht olse fri triar caém dia muntir . . . is amluid . . . robatar ocond a.¤ you guard me tonight, LL 282a36 . ba marb-sa da iṅgnais de / cen co ti-sium dam a.¤ , to tend me, TFerbe 485 . roḟitir Cormac ord n-a.¤ (na ha.¤, v.l.) the order of the watch, Ériu iii 137.55 . are in puirt na tora tascur don lir, Laws i 128.12 Comm. tú liaigh na hanma d'a.¤ , Dán Dé vii 20 . Of `waking' the dead: clérich H. dollotar d'airi P., Thes. ii 320.3 (Hy. ii). batar ic airi in chuirp isna aidchib, Trip.² 3008 . baí . . . acc a.¤ na ccorp co nonóir, AFM ii 780.2 . airet robatur sruithi E. ica a.¤ , Lism. L. 636 . Note also: a.¤ (.i. grādh nó troscud) na sanct ina fēil (B. na f.), ZCP v 486 § 9 . In hostile sense looking out for (in order to attack): do bhiodhbha is é t'fhear faire / . . . / an t-olc reimhe is é ar th'a.¤ on the look-out for you, DDána 10.8 . na cóig námhaid do ní ar gclodh / . . . / a n-a.¤ nó go ndeach dhíom / bíodh faire ar an dteach i dtám until I cease to look out for them (i.e. the five senses), Dán Dé ix 7 .

(b) notice, heed, attention: dobéer desemmrecht dúib . . . frissacomricfea far n-a.¤ `I will now give you an example which your attention will attain to', Wb. 12c35 . connach cuiread as a airi cathuchud na T., and he could not put the fighting out of his mind, TTebe 1257 . tóghbaidh sé a n-a.¤ dona neithibh saoghalta it takes their mind off earthly things, TSh. 9272 .

Used in a large variety of idioms with verbs and prepositions.

(c) With prec. prep. in sét atá form' a.¤ , `the path on which I am intent', Ériu vi 115.3 . ní suan fír baoith boi ar mh'a.¤ `that I was bent on', Mart. Don. Dec. 4 . bith ar th'a.¤ take heed, Ériu iii 145 § 24 . is aithnid damh-sa créd ata ar h'aire `I know what is in thy thought', ZCP vi 58.24 . ní beag do thír é ar a ha.¤ , TD 29.4 . is edh sin . . . tuccadh ar mh'aire-si gurbho gillae amhulcach ócc tusa, Irish Texts iii 15.9 . With do-cuirethar: doralus ar m'airi / gréschi occa ṅguidi, Fél. Prol. 15 . oebind na tarla ar m'a.¤ , LL 210a19 . is trén tárla ar a airi strongly was his attention engaged, Hy Fiach. 210 . diongna an ní tharla ar th'a.¤ `strange is the task you undertake', Content. xiv 4 . do-beir x do a.¤ pays attention to x, heeds x: is tabartha do airi . . . indus in cheneōil cosa tīagam, TBC-I¹ 327 . ní rabi d'esbaid . . . ar duni . . . ríam a ra tucad da ari acht co facced R. that he would heed, MU² 701 . tabrad cách dia airi co ticfa bráth, LU 2495 . in tan nach tabrai dot airi in senoir Anachis . . . dobeth isin gabad atait, Aen. 570 . tan nā taibret dia n-a.¤ / na pīana . . ., Ériu iii 29 § 2 . tabhair dot a.¤ . . . nách ccuirfe aonchuid don choimhthionól ad leith guarded, Desid. 6483 . tabhair dot airi . . . nách drochumhla atá agat mirad, 1971 . an dtabhair Aodh dá a.¤? does A. pay heed to? TD 4.36 . tug th'a.¤ nach breith le báidh / do thagra féin ar Niall náir, Content. iv 2 . Note also: antar frim a.¤ co n-accar in coimriti in fer isind airide, ZCP viii 120.16 . ? fáilte ni thaet imm a.¤ , LL 261a40 ( IT i 79 ).

(d) With follg. prepp. With DI: do chloinn dochoidh a n-a.¤ they had given up hope of children, DDána 27a. 10 . With DO: masa th'airi téit don brut . . . rot fia if your mind is set on the mantle, LU 3112 . mairg a.¤ do chuaid don gus alas that attention was paid to the fierce advice(?), MR 14.23 . do bhéar-sa a.¤ dhuid-se / tar cheann Torna san troid-se `on behalf of T. I will face you', Content. vi 2 . With FOR (AR): roloisc[s]et a mbar(a)ca . . . conapedh a n-a.¤ for teiched `so that they should not think of retreating', RC xii 58 § 9 . dá mbeith a n-a.¤ oram if they heeded me, Dán Dé xxv 10 . ní bí a.¤ ac lucht an oilein sin ar raed ar bith acht ar chogad `the folk of that island care for nothing . . .', Maund. 168 . od conncatar goill a.¤ cenél C. for an marcsluaigh `when the English saw that the attention of C. was directed towards the cavalry', AFM iii 320.y . bídh a.¤ mhór agom orra I take great care of them, Desid. 6356 . With prec. do-cuirethar: is air dorala a a.¤ on this his mind became set, RC xxxvii 348 § 57 . is í sin aimser a tarrla a.¤ ríg na hE. ar fad aontuma a ingine, ML² 492 . ón lá tarrla ar n-airi air `as long as we can remember', Ériu iv 220 § 34 . With FRI: cóir are re dīgail Dé it is right to beware of God's vengeance, BColm. 100.5 . bíd th'a.¤ frisin lá atbél `keep watch for the day of my death', Metr. Dinds. iii 212.37 . ó nach raib a n-a.¤ re himgabáil a dtáisig for they had no intention of . . . Caithr. Thoirdh. 40.5 . amhail na biadh a a.¤ fri a niarmhóireacht itir `as though he had no intention of pursuing them', AFM v 1852.11 . a fhiarfaige dé an roibe sa baili enní re roibe a a.¤ no suil aige `anything that he liked', L. Chl. S. 44.1 . t'a.¤ rum, a rí na mbreath `list to me', Aithd. D. 51.11 . ar n-aireine re hiath Cuinn / ag triath dhaighfhine Dhomhnuill `my thought of Conn's land belonging in future time to Mac D.'s brave host', 29.15 . With prec. téit: na dechaidh a hairi re commamdacht uad (she said) that her mind was not turned to wedlock with him, CCath. 1150 . dochoidh . . . cidh mh'airi-si m'oenar ria boin I had set my mind on a cow all for myself, Lism. L. 1582 . = imm boin, Three Hom. 78.13 . úair ní th-ari-siu téit ria since it is no concern of yours, Ériu i 134.4 . ní dechaidh a hairi-si fri feall furri do Ænias she did not expect that deception would be practised on her by A., Aen. 788 . ní mó téit m'a.¤-si rem' comfurtacht duid nor have I any hope that you will help me, ZCP vi 64.23 . With I N-: admhaim go dtéid mh'a.¤ inn / gach ní ad-chím 's ad-chluinim, DDána 60.24 . tuc a a.¤ 'sin ningin, ZCP viii 268 § 45 . With IMM: dochuaid . . . cid m'a.¤ si m'oenar imm boin I had set my heart on having a cow all for myself, Three Hom. 78.13 = fria boin, Lism. L. 1582 . ro bo lughaide a n-a.¤ . . . fá fhaillidhe in comuill `they less than ever were inclined to fail in execution', etc., Caithr. Thoirdh. 103.y .

(e) As interj. look, take care: are, in gai-se for Bude, ol C. LU 5798 ( TBC-I¹ 1326 ). th'a.¤ chugat, a Uí L. look out , Maguires of F. 21 .

Later faire q.v.

airla

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airla or dil.ie/2158

Forms: urla, orla, earla

n m. urla orla earla m., IGT Decl. § 2 . hair of the head, lock, tress; long back hair: urla .i. cīab, Corm. Y 1291 . dechrum .i. urla . . . .i. bearrtha .i. urla, O'Dav. 752 . irla .i. ab arula .i. berrad moga, O'Mulc. 726 . trí maic nad rannat orbai: mac muini ┐ aurlai ┐ ingine fo thrillis `the son of a slave', Triads 152 . o bun [a] irla co clais a chuil, RC xiv 426 § 47 ( LL 12968 ). cóica urla fegbuide ón chluais go cheile dó, TBC-LL¹ 1375 . .l. erla deghbuidi on cluais co céli dó, Acall. 4080 v.l. o hinn a hordan go a erla, 1917 v.l. laoch mór co finne n-erla, Celt. Rev. ii 216.17 . eiric leth fuilt no lan fuilt doib a nurla, Laws iii 354.10 Comm. a chaor bhuadha an earla fhinn (of Mary), A. Ó Dálaigh xii 7 . d'urrlaghaib leabra lanmaiseacha, CF 832 . Of a person: earla claon an chuirp óghdha (of Mary), Measgra D. 49.50 . do seailg fiadh da erla cas that he the curly-haired one may hunt deer, KMMisc. 172 § 24 . Part of a halter: urla gosti, O'Curry 2068 (H. 4.22, p. 67).

1 ais

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ais or dil.ie/2466

n back, hinder part: for a.¤ in slebe on the ridge of the mountain, RC v 200 § 12 (cf. a .i. cnoc, O'Cl.). ? do treabaidh a.¤ na muire, Leb. Gab.(i) 36.11 . Cf. colla tha.¤ be off, Mon. Tall. 130.12

Frequ. in phrases with prepp., with or without poss. referring to accompanying noun or subj. of verb.

With AR, FOR: dena coinmed cruaid do shlūaig ar cech aiss (: tais) `on every side', KMMisc. 262.2 ar cach a.¤ co roicher Róim (: mhais) that somehow or other I may reach R., SG 29.34 . ar a.¤ back: tērnoidhiss ar a.¤ , Fl. Earls 130.33 . miana an chuirp do chur ar a.¤ to drive back, Dán Dé xix 8 . an séad-sain ar a.¤ d'fhagháil to get back, DDána 102.33 . do bhuain na hinghine ar a.¤ `to recover the maiden', TD 20.51 . ar a.¤ ní fhuighbheam do mhóid /cóig glais muna fhuilngeam uaid `I shall not set back Thy anger', Dán Dé ix 3 . With poss.: luid S. for a a.¤ S. went back, Trip. ii 394.17 . tángadar ar a n-a.¤ , Maguires of F. 22 .

With FRI: a.¤ re ha.¤ together, DDána 90.14, 38.10 . Frequ. in phr. gaibid fri ha.¤ (fria a.¤). Prob. in literal sense in: ra gab-sum a charpat re aiss he took his chariot on his back, TBC-LL¹ 6048 = fria ais, TBC-I¹ 3622 . In later lang. sets about, undertakes, takes over, takes charge of: crann snais do char ar mo cheanaibh / gabh ret a.¤ 'n-a aghaidh `set about plying an adze on my sins', PBocht 4 § 36 . g abhaim re ha.¤ clódh do ghníomh, Content. xxvii 12 . gabhaidh (sic leg.) re a.¤ . . . gach neach takes charge of, Dán Dé xiv 5 . cia ghabhas m'anmain ré a.¤ `who will take charge of my soul?' iv 1 . aire rogab ainm ria a.¤/ara altrom a Cromglais therefore he took the name, RC xvii 150.14 (Tig.). a leigheas ní ghéabh rem a.¤ I shall not undertake, Dánfhocail 210 . doghabh ré a a.¤ cádhas ┐ onóir do thabhairt don fhír-Dhia, Keat. ii 5370 . rogabh re a.¤ nach ligfedh aenduine tairis isin conuir, ZCP vi 56.9 ro gabh fein an oifficc sin fri a a.¤ , AFM vi 2020.5 . Note also: ro chuiredar ra haiss aris she is sent back again, LL 7482 .

Further uses (in some exx. in literal sense): dambeir ria aiss tarsin n-uisci he brings it on his back (brings it with him?), TBFr. 216 . mo dhuanaire tabhair ret a.¤ bring along with you, Studies 1923, 598 § 5 . Rí na hinogbála cona chroich . . . re a.¤ carrying His cross, RC xxviii 316 § 24 . an chroch d'iomchur ré a.¤ féin / do Chríosd dob éigin ei-séin, Dán Dé xx 22 . go n-iomchram an chroich ret a.¤ along with you, Aithd. D. 92.17 . fuarusa re ha.¤ an fhir / seal dob áoibhne dárbh fhéidir by his side . . ., Studies, 1918, 452 § 8 . fuireann d'fhíoruaislibh a chúigidh féin re ha.¤ gach ríogh dhíobh together with, Keat. iii 571 . re ha.¤ gcearcaill na cruinne in addition to the circle of the universe, Studies 1918, 281 § 12 . Cf. in dan Laidni ata uaidh le hais na bethadh do scriobh i Laidin follows (goes with?), Mart. Don. xxv 9 . ria a.¤ in addition, Leb. Cert. 32.z .

With TAR. Usually with possessive: ro chachain . . . laíd dó dara a.¤ over his shoulder, LU 6789 . fil suil ṅglais / fégbas Erinn dara ha.¤ , 308 . ro-ling isin carpat īar cūl C. co rragab a chenn dara aiss seized his head from behind (him), Sc.M² 20 . co rop ar m'agid sair toethus ┐ na rap dar m-aiss síar backwards, TBC-LL¹ 2310 . co torchair faon fortarrsna dara a.¤ isin luing, RC x 185.22 . trilis tara haiss síar over her back, LU 4519 (TBC). rolā a moing dar a ha.¤ , Fianaig. 16 § 43 . ní racha sibh tar bur n-a.¤ you will not go back, Fier. 79 . ni tiucfa beó tar th'a.¤ as súd `thou wilt not come back alive', ZCP vi 72.30 . na huili uisci do dhul ina certinadh . . . féin tarana.¤ arís, RC xxviii 310 § 3 . ros-láset ind ḟairend daranaiss behind them (oppd. to arambelaib), LL 219b34 ( TTr. 192 ). Without poss. cuirfe tar a.¤ a n-iomshníomh you will dispel their anxiety, DDána 74.57 . fógairthear tar a.¤ na huile `wrongs are repealed', TD 32.67 . iar dteacht tar a.¤ do Dhiarmaid, Keat. iii 2160 . nach féidir gairm thar a.¤ do dheunamh air cheachtar don dá bhreitheamhnas to revoke, Donlevy 186.21 . In phr. druim tar a.¤ (falling) over backwards, head over heels, upside down: co tarrla druim tar a.¤ dochum in tsrotha, RC vi 177.108 . an long d'impodh druim tara.¤ capsized , ZCP vi 294.20 . cuirfid se in cride druim tar a.¤ , PH 7798 . do theilgis mo ráitte-se druim tar a.¤ = retrorsum, TSh. 1596 . Note also: bid dál ḟota hí ni ba dál dar aiss (: brais) (of Doomsday), LL 307a10 ( SG 386.20 ).

álaig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. álaig or dil.ie/2879

Forms: ālaigh, alaig, álaig, áilche, álcho, alcha, álchaib, álad, aladh, alaig, alaigh

n f. n s. ind ālaigh (: Adhuimh), ZCP viii 195 § 4 . a s. alaig, LU 4267 . d s. álaig, Metr. Dinds. ii 62.11 . n p. áilche, ZCP xi 86 § 42 . álcho, vii 268 § 5 . alcha, v 485 § 2 . d p. álchaib, Fianaig. 26.7 . Later álad o, m. in phrase a.¤ ┐ airlabra (? infl. of allud). n s. aladh, Hugh Roe² 342.19 . g s. alaig, 2.17 . alaigh (sic leg.), 72.21 .

Habit, behaviour, practice: it olc[a] álcho do chuirp , ZCP vii 268 § 5 . utmall alcha ócduine, LL 121a marg. sup. alcha bár (.i. bēsa súadh), ZCP v 485 § 2 (B. na f.). is di álchaib ind ḟir léith / labrad a cobraud a scéith `it is one ot the habits of the grey-head', Fianaig. 26.7 . Baetán nar brónach á.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iv 340.15 . it é a n-āilche nasluinniur dūib ... nī gonat cnes, crūaidh a mbara, atgonat cride, ACL iii 297 § 53 . cnáifed dia á.¤ (álaid alaibh falaig v.l.) óg n-ell `it would have wasted by its doings all the kine' (of a serpent). Metr. Dinds. ii 62.11 . Of good habit, virtue: dech áilche ainmne the best of all virtues is patience, ZCP xi 86 § 42 . ere crábaid co censai / álaig (alaib aluigh (.i. besa), aluid v.ll.), Ériu ii 65 § 10 . fer in grāid rogrādhaig Dia / dligid a ālaig nemh nūa, ACL iii 307 § 22 . rúagh ind ālaigh virtue is blighted(?), ZCP viii 195 § 4 . Of good manners: at mathi ... fir Breg ... im gnáis im alaig im sotlotus, LU 4267 . in mind mail (.i. is ferr ict ┐ alaig tainic), Ériu viii 172.20 . Freq. with airlabra: iter gaís ┐ á.¤ ┐ errlabrae, BDD² 1076 . inmain t'á.¤ is t'irlabra, LL 10892 (TBC). gnúis (= gnás § 80 v.l.), alaig, erlabra, Triads § 86 . aladh .i. bésa maith, p. 38 . do raithne a gnuis a aladh ┐ [a] erlabhra, Hugh Roe² 342.19 . Note further: alaigh .i. glicus, ut est: alaigh a cainbesa, Ériu xiii 63 § 24 . aladh .i. gliocas: tré álaigh a urlabhra, O'Cl.

Of an ingenious act: clesradh dognith forsna cairib ingnadh alaig (: lāmaib), Anecd. i 57 § 59 . séig indiu glasreng indé / ingnad alaig utmaille, LU 1328 ( Imr. Brain ii 291 ).

álaind

Cite this: eDIL s.v. álaind or dil.ie/2881
Last Revised: 2013

adj i lovely, fine, splendid . Attrib.: briathra aildi, Ml. 31a24 , 55a11 . ális ... óclaig n-á.¤ , Trip.² 2221 . Ioseph ... / aite á.¤ Íssu, Fél. Mar. 19 . gnúsi alle etroctai, LL 12055 (TBC). léni á.¤ óengel, MU² 747 . tochim fossad n-á.¤ , LU 8252 ( FB § 20 ). echrada ... áilde, BDD² 452 . fo grinnib áillib a ḟén, LU 6488 (TBC). Diardaoin aluinn , Eochairsg. 118.22 ; 'Feast of Corpus Christi' Éigse xiv 121-22 , xvi 238 . is annsa Cedaoin ria nDardaoin álainn chuirp Chrisd torchuir Cathal óg, ALC ii 444.8 (s.a. 1581) . Of a place: Clúana álne (alle, aille, alaind v.l.) hEuis `of beautiful C.E.', Fél. Apr. 4 . i fiad móralaind Masten, LL 4126 . a crichaibh glanaille ... na Gréige, ZCP vi 290.28 . 'na thealaigh áluinn aonuigh, TD 28.9 . Of weather: lá n-á.¤ i n-amsir samrata, LU 10791 . lá áluinn don oidhche gheimhridh / do-ghéanta cheana ..., DDána 2.13 .

Pred.: ni alind in ball nád chometig don chorp, Wb. 22a13 . is alind sen sobrich, 31b35 . alind á óiph in forcitil, 7c1 . cid álind cid etig, Sg. 28b6 . alind son, 138b3 . ciaptar áilli ili / maic D., Fél. Prol. 133 . caírthend ... it áildi limm a cháera, TBFr. 214 . gurab álainn oireaghdha bhíos anam an fhíréin, TSh. 1328 . sódh ní hálainn gan fochain `a return purposeless is uncomely', O'Gr. Cat. 352.24 .

Equative: aillither snechta noenaidche, MR 64.z . See also under áilligid. Compar.: is áildiu a mmág rogab súil oldósa, Wb. 12a25 . áilliu cach dath alailiu, BDD² 999 . nach álaind atchíd ba háildiu lee Fróech, TBFr. 217 . aille an aittreabh gusa tteighim (Maedóc Ferna of his approaching death), BNnÉ 272 § 244 . With de: ba háillide sidhe bláth fuirre (of an apple tree), BNnÉ 293 § 14 . Superl.: is hé láech is áildem ro buí, TBFr. 4 . ba sí ... as áildeam, BDD² 1003 . With form of compar. is tú is áilliu i ndeilb duine thou art the fairest in human form, Ériu iv 104.z . clár do b'áilne snoidhe sain, DDána 32.22 . ailli de laechuibh dia slōgaib ┐ dia n-ainndribh `the fairest of fighting men', Marco P. 152 .

Adv. tancatar as co halaind cin daine do marbad dib excellently , Ann. Conn. 1225.10 . doromailt uile co fosadh ┐ co halainn (of eating spoiled food as if it were good), BNnÉ 300 § 3 . is é m'éara go háluinn that is refusing me effectively, DDána 11.31 .

anforus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anforus or dil.ie/3598

n (forus) unsteadiness, restlessness: tarrasair in sruth 'na thoss / dia remim dia anforos, SR 1634 . diummus dírecra ┐ a.¤ anfóill, LL 227b8 ( TTr. 760 ). rafitir gurb anburus dó cathugud dar cend chuirp gen anmain and `it was folly', TTebe 3480 . ro línad . . . d'uathbas ┐ d'ḟanbforus, MR 232.2 ( LL 409a27 ). cian ó atu-sa ar anbfhorus `long have I been restless', BS 32 . gan anḟir gan anḟorus without doubt, Leb. Cert. 278 n.37 ( BB 272b27 ) (= imarbhus, p. 104 ). ? Attrib. g s.: nibu hainnteist anforis a chomat, O'Curry 2601 ( Eg. 88, 51 (52)b ). Transf. of a place, ground: rathuitsed da n-echaib feib tiastais ré haill no re hanborus (a.¤ v.l.) or any insecure place, TTebe 4509 . Perh. also: is e na ruc coisceim fria hanbhforus riamh never took a dangerous step(?) (never behaved frivolously ?) (of Mochua), Lism. L. 4894 .

1 apa

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 apa or dil.ie/3855

Forms: apae

vn. of *ad-ben, see LEIA Cf. also Celtica i 337 § 6 . Orig. apae io, n. Later m. an t-aba, Bard. Synt. Tr. 17.16 . reason, cause: cid uma bfuilti dubach ? . . . a aba ┐ a adhbar againn, Acall. 963 . in t-aba ó ccantar Ceilbe, Metr. Dinds. iii 54.16 . cid són ar M. fail a morabba (damna v.l.) dam, TBC-LL¹ 149 . fail a mór abba ám dóibsium . . . ciarsat . . . torsig, LL 12066 . fil a abba dó, PH 1961 . cuirfidh go fada soir sinn / ni fhoil ar n-aba a n-Éirinn there is no reason for our being in Ireland, Bard. Synt. Tr. 17.17 . ? it e abbae donacht (abai danocht v.l.) C. . . . di A. i nErend, ZCP xiv 62.12 (cf. 72.7 ). aba .i. adhbhar, O'Cl.

In phrases. i n-a.: ata in aba duit-siu sin do radh you have reason to say that, BB 426b39 . ar a.¤ prep.and adv. phrase. Alliterates with vowel in classical verse (cf. ar aí s. 3 aí). As prep.phrase not to be used in class. verse with a poss. pron. except when a demonstr. follows, see Bard. Synt. Tr. 17.18-25 . Usually folld. by gen. or vn. clause, but may also be folld. by nom., Bard. Synt. Tr. loc. cit. Because of, on account of, for the sake of, etc.: ar a.¤ comruicc fri hēnḟer, TBC-I¹ 2438 . ara.¤ a māthar dīb because his mother was of them, 2247 . ar a.¤ chomlund (comlainn v.l.) oenḟir by dint of, TBC-LL¹ 3197 . foraba ḟledoil, LB 273b69 ( SG 54.28 ). ni arabba a hadartha, 235b1 . ar aba a ḟialusa fris, AFM v 1812.z . dá ngada dhíom ní dhlighe / síodh ar aba th'oirbhire, DDána 67.43 . ar aba an aba (? leg. adbair) shuthain / mór caomhna an chuirp fhréamhdhuthain, Aithd. D. 50.33 . ar aba a huilc, Studies 1921, 76 § 22 . ar aba anma aon deise `to save the lives of any two', ML 106.14 . ná bídh aire énduine . . . re anmuin ar aba ingabála dona huaislib in hopes that these nobles will quit the field, Caithr. Thoirdh. 103.12 . robtar subhaigh . . . ar aba a ttérnuídh tar gach mbaoghal, AFM vi 1922.11 . ar a.¤ a ndernais de drúis, Ériu vii 223 § 35 . Folld. by nom.: ara.¤ a fath tancammar because of the reason we have come(?), TBC-LL¹ 2136 . aicme gan aga ar a neart / an mhaicne ar aba a n-aithcheacht, DDána 60.5 . ? eisdeacht fada as fada dhamh / ar aba an eisdreachd abadh, IGT Decl. ex. 844 . leagar deoch ar áth aga / deoch ar aba cách chuga (sic leg.) he puts aside his drink because his foes are approaching him, Bard. Synt. Tr. 17.22 and notes. snáith t'oige ar aba iomrádh (: ngrádh), 141.20 . Folld. by vn. clause: nach fuighbead bo ar aba in chatha do chur as a result of fighting the battle, SG 50.13 . Note also: ar aba an cheathrair do theacht . . . níor beanadh etc. if the four had not come, Content. vi 89 . ge ead arabba sin tanic confad catha . . . `and yet for all that a rage of battle came . . .', TTebe 1599 .

As adv. phrase nevertheless, however . Perh. orig. ar apu, cf. ar-abu, MU² 1007 ( LU 1510 ). With possess. ara aba, ZCP xiv 214.6 (late). Also ar apaide (resolved by Zimmer, KZ xxx 5 as: ar a.¤ side. Cf. ar aí, araíde under 3 aí). ba mōr a uathmaire ind ḟir; fanōpair-seom araba, TBC-I¹ 467 (= ar apu; arapa, araba, arappaide, MSS, Stories fr. Táin 6 ). comalta ┐ fer bithchotaid dam Cūchulaind. Ragadsa ara.¤ ara chend imbārach, 1539 . nobered cach-ra-cluchi for C. . . . ar a.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 1812 . atbert ar abba a ádnocul uair ba rí he, LB 236a12 . cid ed ar abba is duine démnacdu he, PH 2688 . ba comlund cét cirthi cráeb / ara.¤ raforraig Aéd, Ériu v 223.60 (= Metr. Dinds. iv 360 ). ní fhuighe ar aba ní achd neamh, DDána 42.12 . d'fhuiling . . . anfadh fada, / armchladh é ar aba dóibh, Ó Bruad. ii 274.12 . ar apaide: ni[b]-farc[h]elsam a ócu olse ar apaide is mochen dūib nevertheless you are welcome, Sc.M² 5 . iss é óenfer ar apaide adroinni drochternam úadsom, LU 6079 (TBC). aropaidi (sic) roás ind n-imguin foraib, Ériu ii 30 § 15 . arapaidhe (arapaiti, v.l.) is menma comarba, TTr.² 182 . arapaidhe tra rosochtsat in churaid, Anecd. ii 56 § 18 .

Bolg

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Bolg or dil.ie/6350
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: Bolga, Bulga, Bolga, Bulca, Builg, Bolg, Bolgthuath, Bolgraige, Builg

pn Bolga, Bulga in population and place-names, etc. Taken to mean `lightning' < Celt. *Bolgos; Bolga, Bulca `of the lightning' (?) < *Bolgios, and expld. as forms of a divine epithet, O'Rahilly, EIHM 51 f .; cf. `the goddess Bolga', Rhys, PBA vi 106 (1913) , iv 251 (1910) . For alternative explanations see infra.

In tribal and population names: genelach hūa mBuilc (mBuilg, Hūi Builg, v.ll.), Corp. Gen. 262. Fir B., Tuath B., name of a prehistoric or mythological people in Ireland, variously expld. F.B. = earlier Builg, a pluralized form of Bolg, a deity-name, were `in origin an offshoot of the Belgae,' O'Rahilly, loc. cit. 54 . Mac Neill, PRIA xxix C (1911) 81 - 82 and Pokorny, ZCP xi 189 f ., as also native writers of legendary history (but cf. Lec. 181va49 infra), refer F.B. to 1 bolg, Mac Neill regarding it as `an occupation-name' applied to pre-Goidelic tribes (= Bolgthuath, Bolgraige) meaning `people of leathern bags', later extended to the subjugated population in general, Pokorny as meaning `men of the skin bags ' (i.e. `boats made of hide'); Van Hamel, ZCP x 186 - 188 describing F.B. as mythological beings takes B.¤ as g p. of 2 bolg. From Celtic *bolg-/*belg- `the swollen, wrathful´ acc. to Carey, CMCS xvi 80-83 . Cf. B.¤ in nn. loc. infra. Fir Bolg im, rogabsat Manaind = Builc autem cum suis tenuit Euboniam insulam, LBretnach 13 . for tuaith mBolc, ZCP xiv 174.4 . tuatha Dē . . . / im thuaith mBolc bāigsit rīge, 176.1 . for Feraib B. (: hanord), Metr. Dinds. iii 170.1 . gnídís (sc. Fir B.) barca doibh dia mbolgaibh . . . do theacht i nErinn amal asbeart Cin Droma Snechta, ZCP x 186.15 (BB), cf. LL 652. fir i mbalggaib (: ardglain) ba mór nert, 960 . is airi asbeardda[i]s Fir Bolc immecurdis fir earann (ed. would read úir nÉrenn) i mbolcaib do reic fri Grecu . . . ar nathracha, Geneal. Tracts 197.13 . Specific and general signification of name F.B.: nach d'Feraib B. Gaileoin na Domhnannaigh . . . fír sin tra iarna slonnadh ghnethech. Gidhedh iarna slonnadh coitchenn, as ainm diles dona tri Tuathaibh remraite F. B., PRIA xxix C 82 n. 1. is aen-gabail iad (viz. Fir B. ┐ Gaileoin ┐ Fir Domnand) iar mbunudus, ITS xxxix 146 § 262 (Leb. Gab.) . Grec ┐ Laiden ┐ Bretnais ac Fearaib Bolc ┐ Belgaid acu i nErinn , Lec. 181va48 . Fir B. . . . ó na bolgaibh leathair do bhíodh aca 'san nGréig, Keat. i 194.5 .

In nn. pr. (see O'Rahilly, loc. cit. 43 f.): m. Ōengusa Builg, Corp. Gen. 262. dā mac Luigdech: Ōengus B. et Ōengus Dublesc, Rawl. 155b12 . Aed Bolgc, rí Duin Chermna, ACC 138.21 . tenid i rraith Aeda builc, AU i 94.6 . ingen d'Aed Builg (: chuirp) mac Ḟingin, LL 17149 ( RC xlvii 308.15 ). As n. pr. f.: Bolc Ban-bretnach . . . do Bhretnaibh, Cóir Anm. 54. Bolce banbretnach, Anecd. iii 57.5 . mathair Chuirc . . . / Bolga Manand Bret[n]ach brass, LL 17011 ( RC xlvii 304.22 ). ? Name of deity: M. Ailella Ērand Dé Bolgae, is é tōesech ar-ránic faga (m. Aililla De Bolga . . . rānic foga, v.l.), Corp. Gen. 376. 17 .

In nn. loc., see Hog. Onom. s.v. aithbe, cluain, dún, b.¤ , bolga, etc. O'Rahilly, loc. cit. 43-5, gives list of place-names containing B.¤ which he regards as g p. of Builg (= Fir B.); refd. to 2 b. by Van Hamel, ZCP x 187 and Contribb. 236. Belach Dúin B., RC xiii 66 § 67. Mag mB. (mbolga, v.l.) former name of Mag n-Ítha, Metr. Dinds. iv 90.23 .

see Hamp, Ériu xxiv 179 f. In phr. gae bolga, bulga, see gae, G 10.80 , `spear of Bulga' (`or Bolga'), O'Rahilly, EIHM 51 , 52 , 61 ff., cf. Rhys, Trans. of the International Congress of the History of Religions, vol. ii 207, 1908 , cited by EIHM loc. cit. 55 ; `gapped spear', Contribb. 236 : referred to 1 bolg with meaning `Blasenspeer', Pokorny, ZCP xii 200. fichid Loch isind áth cosin gaí bolga, LU 6234 (TBC). eter . . . gai bolcai ┐ bai brasi (in list of Cú Chulainn's feats), 8443 ( FB 30 ). gai bolga, 9290 .

Compd. le Bolg-thuathaib Bagna denam a isdad, Hy Maine 90.13 . Cf. T[uatha] Bolgraighe ┐ clain Deguail (sc. athechthuatha) for Cenel Conaill, RC xx 338.13 . Bolgraidhe, 336.26 . Bolgraighe for críochaibh Conuill, Geneal. Tracts 77.3 .

brúchtad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. brúchtad or dil.ie/7065

n u, [m.] vn. of brúchtaid. act of pouring out, belching forth : ? mac side Druchta in Danair / brúit bruchtada os dabaig deirg, LL 16658 `son of D. . . . vomited forth, etc.', RC xlvii 295.9 = bruid bruchtmar, Lec. 208vb 24 . ba fal re mbruchtud robarta (a futile undertaking), Cog. 162.23 . go raibh ag brúchtadh fola a chuirp `began to throw up his heart's blood', Tribes of Irel. 84.16 . drochbholadh na doimhéine ag brúchtadh a braighdibh luchta an tuaithleasa `belching' (Gloss.), TSh. 7286.

caithem

Cite this: eDIL s.v. caithem or dil.ie/7993
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: caithim, caithed, caithte, caithim, caitheamh, c., caithim

n ā, f. Also m. n s. also caithim, caithed. g s. caithte, A. Ó Dálaigh xvi l . caithim f., IGT Decl. § 150 . caitheamh m., § 101 . Vn. of 1 caithid. c.¤ , caithim, IGT Verbs § 72 . In sense (d): caitheachtain, Bard. Synt. Tr. 14.y .

(a) act of spending, consuming, using up. Of eating, drinking: ní fogní leisim a cathim na ráod sin, Mon. Tall. 13 . do chaithim feolae, 51 . oénfer do cathim a satha día [ḟ]eóil, LU 3451 ( SCC 23 ). do chathim mo bíd, TBC-LL¹ 1042 . ní do thorad in chroind sin do ch.¤ , MacCarthy 52.14 . co nar leicc c.¤ na cumsanad doib `eat or rest', Ann. Conn. 1270.5 . tuir-bhiadh ┐ táir-dheoch do lucht a gcaithmhe, TSh. 8316 . corp Christ . . . ica caithimh, Grail 1851 . caitheamh an chuirp , Dán Dé xviii 3 . iar caithem feoir (of cattle), Ann. Conn. 1224.2 . Of territory enjoying fruits of; laying waste, pillaging: a caitium ┐ a cosnum to spend and defend it (of territory), ZCP xiii 181.y . in ti coimetas a tir cen c.¤ , Laws iii 50.12 Comm. atáid h-eascaraid ag caitheadh do chríche pillaging, ML 52.7 . baí an t-iarla ag caithemh, ┐ acc cuartucchadh na Mumhan `spending and subjugating', AFM vi 2082.13 . fuair tú a cáineadh 's a caithimh (: an-fhlaithibh) `slandered and wasted' (of Ireland), A. Ó Dálaigh liii 12 . morsluaigedh . . . la ríg nErenn i Muigh Birra oc caithem Urmuman `consuming', RC xviii 42.8 .

Of spending, enjoying length of time, life, reign, feast etc.: tíachtain . . . do chathim fessi Temrach, LU 4209 . atbath . . . íar cathim do cethri .u. mbliadna, 10080 . dochúaidh do chaithemh na betha suthaine, Ériu v 98.21 . i dtigh Dé ní dheachaidh fear / ag caitheamh na gcúig n-aimsear, Aithd. D. 98.4 (leg. i gc.¤ ?). 's í ar gcaitheamh a céadaoise, Dán Dé v 28 . Hence act of enjoying: nī cair in domuin cathim `she loved not to enjoy the world', Thes. ii 328.2 ( Hy. v 8 ). a cumus ┐ a c.¤ (of wealth etc.), ZCP vi 54.18 . ag c.¤ toraid na hespocoiti enjoying the benefits of the see, Ann. Conn. 1307.12 . ní ceart do chaithiomh (of the body) `to pamper thee', Aithd. D. 79.1 . Cf. dorat Colam cille cuairt ┐ c.¤ a manach ┐ a oglach [do Chaillín] `fees and entertainment', Fen. 164.20 . toiscidi .i. caithemh, Ériu xiii 55 § 29 .

In other contexts: da c.¤ fo cétoir `for immediate use', Laws i 80.15 Comm. in aimsir a caithme (of turf), 132.9 Comm. c.¤ dligid egalsa co hindligthech spending the church dues, v 122.17 Comm. robo imda claideam iar caithim corice a dornchor on imbualad worn, LL 408b2 ( TTr. 2232 ). co tairnic airm Ḟind do chaithim `till he had used up', Dinds. 139 ( RC xvi 147 ). a tuarastal . . . do caithium, Cog. 156.24 . ar chaithimh (ccaithim v.l.) a chruidh, IGT Verbs ex. 651 . an lóchrann lasas go mear / is dó as chomhghoire caitheamh, Content. xxiii 10 n. d'éis cáich do chaithiomh a rosc, LBranach 1553 `having spent all their tears', Gloss. creideamh mar is cóir do chaitheamh practice, DDána 14.2 . an corp do chaithimh (: aithir) subdue, 10.15 .

With follg. prep. FRI: biadh ... do chathum ria liaigh 'to provide food for his physician', Mar. Dis. 30 § 8 . do chaitheamh a g-coimhfheirge re C. `expend', MR 272.2 . ō thairnic d'Fer lí a c[h]laidim do chaithim re cend ┐ re colainn in rí[g]fēnnid `worn out', Fianaig. 96.7 . a nert do caithemh riú, TBC St. 3852 . cam do chaitheam re chóir to meet justice with injustice, ML 102.13 .

Note also with prep. AR: caitheamh ar fheolmhach ┐ iascach took to, Keat. ii 4109 .

(b) In phrases. téid c.¤ for (i n-) x x is consumed, used up: im laithibh do-chuaidh caithimh (: héanlaithibh), DDána 6.35 . ní caitheamh do-chóidh 'n-a tréan (: maitheadh), 11.13 . ní théid caitheamh . . . ar phianaibh ifrinn, TSh. 6574 . Cf. tucatar c.¤ ar a cráisechaib they used their spears, Caithr. Thoirdh. 113.23 . c.¤ aimsire pastime: a hollamh / caitheamh aimsire a sluagh, DDána 73.9 . air na sgribad le R.T. dochum caithiomh aimsire do fein, Flower Cat. 336.31 . na cluicheadha nó an caitheamh aimsire, TSh. 4161 . ced . . . caithmhe aimsire, RSClára 117a . Attrib. g s. coinnle caithmhe Dé na ndúl (of sun and moon) `household torches', Dán Dé xxvii 10 . an chuid chaithmhe, Measgra D. 67.12 `the food about to be eaten', Gloss. teach caithimh gach fhir othair (of the cross), Aithd. D. 88.22 . dá toigh chaithmhe (of generous patron), DDána 103.3 . árus caithmhe ┐ comhnuidhe ann, Ériu v 90.23 . fearann caithmhe clóidim do mo chathaibh won by my sword in battle(?), ML 104.8 . inad caithmi in gach tuaith tréin `the place of the banquet', Hy Fiach. 278.y . istad caithme conaich, Grail 3286 . Adv. phrase: cen nach cathim without delay(?), SR 2195 .

In cheville: fa céim caithme (of Maedóc Ferna), BNnÉ 282.7 .

(c) liberality, generosity : fiadna caithme is clú O cCuinn `the witnesses of the munificence and fame', MS. Mat. 563.3 . méad a chaithmhe, Aithd. D. 10.6 . go mbí an rath i mbun caithmhe (proverb), O'R. Poems 1204 = gnáth rath re cois an chaithimh, DDána 102.4 . cen chathim cen tidnacul, LL 24794 . Of food: oc airmbertad in chaithme, Alex. 706 = caigte, BB 494b37 . cnuas na habhla . . . / damhna caithmhe don chéad ló `meant at first to be our food', Dán Dé xxviii 41 .

(d) act of casting, shooting missile : cuing caithfe na crann g[ ], LL 394.50 . cás a caithte (of a dart), DDána 78.10 . a naidhme caithme ┐ cosanta `projectile and defensive weapons', AFM vi 2270.5 . Also with gen. of object of attack: ro gab aga ccaithemh he set to pelting them, TBC St. 3934 . Maghnus . . . do dhul do chaithed ṡlúaig Ghall an oidhche sin, ALC ii 246.15 . cóicc gonna . . . dia caitheamh gan choiccill `to play upon it' (i.e. a castle), AFM v 1732.12 . ac c.¤ . . . aroile firing at one another, 1572.1 . Note also: ag drud re caithimh a chéile to harass one another, DDána 110.19 . iatt araon ag caithemh i naghaidh aroile im thighearnas na tíre `at strife . . . concerning . . .', AFM v 1830.6 .

canach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. canach or dil.ie/8122

n o See Études Celt. i 320 , RC xlvii 200 . woolly substance, down of plants, etc. : lanugo .i. c.¤ , Thes. i 1.35 . dil lasna ceathra in lem ar a blath ┐ ar c.¤ , Auraic. 5620 . lut[h] bech .i. sail sin ar a blath ┐ ar a c.¤ , 5624 . do clum ┐ do c.¤ na peisti sin .i. salamandra , Celtica ii 123.91 . Applied esp. (often defined by g s. sléibe, mónae) to several species of cotton-grass (Eriophorum) (see JRSAI xcv 104 ff. ): findithir c.¤ slébe cach finda ásas triana chend, BDD² 1164 . cluim no c.¤ móna, LB 127a5 . slemonciortor m'folt a canoch fhionn- mhonae, JRSAI xcv 105.19 . ro figdírged a canuch cetamuin do cach laech fo leith, LL 12800 ( RC xiv 416 § 30 ). cearbaid sam . . . / . . . / lethaid folt fada fraích / forbrid c.¤ fann finn, RC v 201.x (c.¤ a gloss incorporated in text, Ériu xvii 89 ). dias . . . / gilithir gēis nō c.¤ , ZCP xiii 256.21 . Of other varieties of plant: c.¤ `a general term for moss and other mountain and marsh plants but esp. applied to the Hypnum cupressiforme used for dyeing', Manners and Customs i cccci . do chuir c.¤ ┐ cneasugh a mbéal na gcneadh sphagnum moss(?), ITS xxiv 74.4 . ? slios caomh cladhach / do thaobh mar ch.¤ [gCreamhchoilleach] (of a woman), DDána 114.20 . ? Cf. connach a chuirp im chanag rind a ruisc, BDD² 1266 = connách a chuirp , LU 7732 .

carrac

Cite this: eDIL s.v. carrac or dil.ie/8257

Forms: carraic, cairrgeadh, caráigecha, carrac, chloiche

n ā, f. Later also n s. carraic. With dental infl. g p. cairrgeadh, Mac Aingil 4661 . Note also caráigecha, CF Eg. 238 . rock, large stone : c.¤ .i. gor-sec . . . nó carn-sec, O'Mulc. 266 . scopula (sic leg.) . . . carrac(h) lasin nGædel, Auraic. 1088 = carrac, 4080 . is di lus bis forsnaib caircib dognither in chorcur buide, Tur. 115 . donaib caircib gl. de scopolís, ib. elta . . . tecait di chlochaib ┐ carrgib, TBC-LL¹ 1330 . ásfaid c.¤ for a druim `a rock shall rise', Metr. Dinds. iv 306.33 . dona cairgib folaich robatar i ndomain na fairgi, Aen. 255 . duilix cacha cairrge, Laws v 484.1 . torad cach trethain ala cairrge, 484.2 . i. . . . otha carraic anunn, 25 Comm. fuaim tuinne fria carraig, Ériu xiii 36.23 . conderna bruar dia cind imon carraic, Anecd. i 15.7 ( SCano 509 ). Bó Boí / ainm na cairrce, LU 4414 . in tan no theiged tar carrce (of body of Etarcomol), 5699 (TBC). domræd rí cairgi blai, IT iii 12 § 21 . co caisirne amal chairrci tenntidi, i 190 .z . in carraic icc a tocosscem, PH 5748 . araile do chloichthres carrag cenngarbh, Hugh Roe² 152.28 . a scalpaibh carrag `the clefts of the rocks', Ériu iii 154 § 7 . féitheach lú[i]th a chuirp . . . ina gcairrgibh crúaidhremhra `the sinews of his body . . . like hard, lumpy rocks', Ériu v 180.301 . go dtug Críosd geall don chathaoir chairrgi (of St. Peter), Mac Aingil 6016 . Of fortified stone castle: an tú ar gcéadaithne, a charrag (: eatharrod), DDána 68.1 . With g s. chloiche: uisce asin carraic cloiche, Grail 3649 . risin carraic clochi, MU² 668 . Cf. ro cuir an sil isin carruic clochdai on stony ground, Grail 1410 . carggi crúada cniss surface rocks, MU² 481 . cairrgi cuain, TTebe 2526 . carraig miledh huge rock, BB 487b38 . Prov. ba comrad re carraic . . . comairli do Congal talking to a stone, MR 166.18 . as cumsgugudh cairge (description of warrior), TBC-LL¹ 5559 .

Fig. i gcairrgibh cuasamhla an chraois, TSh. 10661 . an charruig . . . ad chliabh, Mac Aingil 1200 . ar charraig chinneamhnaigh a chríche déidheanaighe, TSh. 740 . Of persons: do bhí dhamh na charraig (of Diarmaid), Oss. iii 296.7 . ba c.¤ thuinighthe `our pillar' (of St. Francis), RSClára 39b .

In nn.loc.. see Hog. Onom.

Compd. carracbenna sliaph n-urard ` rocky peaks ', CCath. 3803 .

caslais

Cite this: eDIL s.v. caslais or dil.ie/8315

ind find a chuirp chain c.¤ dar ais abaind indbas, Anecd. i 64 § 119 . Perh. for casglais (cas + glas).

cirriud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cirriud or dil.ie/9221
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: cirrad

vn. of cirrid. Also cirrad. (a) act of mangling, maiming : claidib ic c.¤ (of Hell), LU 2424 . ba comlund cét cirthi cráeb `at lopping limbs he could match a hundred', Metr. Dinds. iv 360.119 . ag cirrad chuirp an rig, TTebe 993 . treagdad is ciorradh cneas, Cog. 112.26 . In laudatory description of hero: in cend costuda ┐ in c.¤ mórṡlúaig, TBC-LL¹ 501 .

(b) act of chewing , see minchirriud s.v. 1 min.

clárdae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clárdae or dil.ie/9382

adj io, iā (clár) of armour, etc. plated, equipped with metal plates: ciarlēnti . . . ciartha clārtha comdlúta a n-imdítean a chuirp , Fianaig. 72.9 . cneslénti . . . cíartha clártha comdlúta, LU 6413 (TBC). corrc[h]athbarr cirach clarda, CCath. 4694 . caithcreasa clardhae, 5341 . na saigetbolg . . . cona fot[h]aib clarda[ib] fotae, 5452 . Cf. also: clardha caidhlighe a churach, BB 24b18 . clarda .i. taitnemhach, Leb. Gab.(i) 62 n. 2 .

clithmaire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clithmaire or dil.ie/9524

n (cf. cluthmar): robói do c.¤ mo lepthai ┐ do shádaile mo chuirp `such was the comfort of my bed', MacCongl. 71.9 .

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