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ailad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ailad or dil.ie/961

 

Forms: aulad, ilad, elad, ulad, ilaidh, elaith, ulaidh, ulaid, hullta, ailaidh, elaid, ulaid, aulaid, iolaidh, ilaidh, uladha, uladh, ulltaib, ula, ila, eala, ulaidh, uladh, ultha, a.

n m. and f. Also aulad, ilad, elad, ulad. (aul, see GOI p. 52 ). a s. ilaidh, Dinds. 49 ( RC xv 443.17 ). elaith, MacCongl. 121.36 . ulaidh, Uí Maine 211raz . g s. in ulaid , Laws v 488.26 Comm. na hullta , 29 Comm. d s. ailaidh, AU i 534 . elaid, LL 19325 . ulaid, BColm. 98.4 . aulaid, Mon. Tall. 151.5 (§ 62) . iolaidh, AFM ii 1014.5 . n p. ilaidh, Anecd. ii 23.1 . a p. uladha, ZCP x 228.z . g p. uladh, Acall. 1499 . d p. ulltaib, SG 252.30 . ula, ila, eala (ón ulaidh, ola l. ón chéill sin) f. ( d s. ulaidh. g s. uladh. n p. ultha), IGT Decl. § 4 .

(a) tomb, sepulchre, burial-cairn: ilad in dechenboir `the tomb of the ten persons', Thes. ii 288.32 . m'ilad ┐ m'úag, LU 9886 . co ro adhnacht i n-Ard Macha i n-ailaidh nuí, AU i 534.12 . sra (leg. fri, ed.) aulad Culduib chanmae, RC xxv 346.3 . im nemthairecc fertad do flatha .i. im nemtiachtain do denam ulaid cumdacht imin flaith, Laws i 186.16 Comm. fogebthar a ulad Fothaid A. fris anair bic. . . ┐ atá coirthe oca ulaid, LU 10990 . ni fuille rath for ullaid, Laws v 448.23 . focerd ilaidh ind im cenn Cuir[r]igh, Dinds. 49 ( RC xv 443. 17 ). in macc fora téit in grad immusaiccichet días for aelaid (? fora elaid), Trip.² 1842 . ro h-adnaiceadh is in ulaidh mhóir fó chosaibh Ui Suanaigh, Hy Fiach. 44.y . ro hadhnaiced co honorach i niolaidh na nepscop, AFM ii 1034.4 . go háit 'na bhfuair ulaidh lán do chnámhaibh marbh, TSh. 7707 . ar chúl iladh ḟáisegailsi, IGT Decl. ex. 232 . ulad .i. uilli nō in t-adnacal aile, Corm. Y 1285 . fert .i. ulad cumdachta, O'Dav. 961 . elath f. `a calvary or charnel-house, a carn, a heap or pile of bones in a church-yard', P. O'C. Of oaths taken at an a.¤ (cf. reilic): nonbar co ulaid . . . co toing fo soscela aice, O'Curry 1972 (H. 4.22, p. 16). dligid doith dithach .i. for ulaid . . . luigi na heisinnraice . . . og ulaid, 2580 ( Eg. 88 fo. 49 (50)a ).

(b) penitential station: a nacaldaim . . . for aulaid oc cros ind dorus lis, Mon. Tall. 151.5 (§ 62) . táinic P. do tocbáil cros ┐ uladh ┐ altóiredh, Acall. 1499 . in t-ionad ro togasa / itát ilaidh is crosa, Anecd. ii 23.1 . ní dechaid D. . . . ó ulaidh gan impodh, MR 298.11 . seal amhlaidh agan ulaidh / ar shalmaibh, ar slechtanaibh (of devotional exercises of Maedóc Ferna), BNnÉ 282 § 268 . co hIlaidh na ttri ccros (at Clonmacnoise), AFM ii 812.10 .

Compd. ¤-lán: locan ālaind iladlān `a delightful little spot full of tombs' (of a hermit's retreat), Ériu ii 56 § 13 .

1 aile

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aile or dil.ie/978
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: oile, eile, arch, aild, aile, aile, aill, aile, aill, aili, ailiu, ailiu, áili, aili, aili, aile, ailib, aile, aili, aile, aili, aili, a., n-aill, n-aile, éile, éle, aill, aili, ailiu, ailiu, aile, alaill, allail, alaill, alaili, alailiu, aili, alaaili, alaili, n-aile, allaili, aile, alaili, aili, alaile, holailiu, horaili, fulailiu, folaill, hualailiu, alaile, alaill, alaile, arele, lelele, alaill, aláil, araill, alaili, aláili, álaili, araili, áréli, alailiu, arailiu, alaili, aili, lialailiu, liala ailiu, aile, alailib, alaili, aréli, alaili, indala, indala, dondala, indala, indala, indala, all, AILE, ALAILE, arailiu, alailiu, alaile, (a)la, al(l)

In later lang. oile, eile other, one of two, second , pronominal used as adj. and noun. Inflected as io, iā -stem except in n a s. neut. (aill, see below). GOI §§ 486 ff. , Hamp, Études Celt. ix 477 (aill, arch. aild). Old-Irish forms. Stressed forms

(a) aile (as adj. follows noun; as subst. always with article or nach). As adj. n s m. aile, Wb. 12c46 . n. aill, 9c3 . a s m. aile, Wb. 9d31 . n. aill, 13a1 . g s. aili, Sg. 30a2 . d s. ailiu, Wb. 21a7 . ailiu, Sg. 30b4 . n p. áili, Wb. 12b1 . aili, 22d14 . a p. aili, Sg. 28a6 . g p. aile, Wb. 12b3 . d p. ailib, Wb. 12b11 . Fem. n s. aile, Wb. 10d18 . a s. aili, Sg. 189a8 . g s. aile, Sg. 188a12 . n p. aili, Sg. 22a3 . a p. aili, Sg. 191a2 .

n As subst. n s m. nach a.¤ , Wb. 20a10 . n s n. a n-aill , Wb. 4b24 . a s m. nach n-aile , Wb. 8a3 . éile, éle (influence of céile, GOI p. 308 ), 6a15 , 6c18 . a s n. na aill , Wb. 17c23 . g s. nach aili , Wb. 17b28 . d s. nach ailiu , Sg. 209b12 . a p. amal na heliu, Sg. 9b1 . ailiu gl. quos (nullos tepefacit sol), Ml. 94b20 . Fem. g s. inna aile , Thes. ii 15.42 (BCr.).

(b) With double stem ala aile, alaile, with dissimilation araile (with stress on -ail-) (as adj. precedes noun; as subst. does not take article or other proclitic, cf. Ped. Ériu xv 188 ff.).

As adj. n s n. alaill ṡain, Sg. 6b24 . allail (recte alaill, edd.) pronomen , 209b10 . g s. alaili thríuin, Sg. 96a4 . d s. alailiu chruth, Ml. 98d1 . n p. alá aili aidme, Ml. 89a9 . alaaili réta, Sg. 111b5 . a p. alaili dliged, Ml. 18c11 . g p. ala n-aile ndoine, Ml. 54a21 .

Fem. a s. allaili mbeasti, RC xi 446.1 . g s. ala aile aidme, Ml. 51c5 . d s. alaili tain gl. quando, Sg. 222b2 . n p. ala aili interiecta, Sg. 10a1 .

When used with a prep. ending in a vowel alaile sometimes drops its initial: holailiu, Ml. 80a2 . horaili, 2a6 . fulailiu (sic MS.), 102d2 . folaill, Laws iv 102.14 . But hualailiu, Ml. 40d17 . Sg. 25b12 . With la see substantival use infra.

n As subst. n s m. alaile, Wb. 6b20 . n s n. alaill, 7d11 . a s m. alaile, Wb. 5d15 . arele, 9c19 . With la: lelele, 16c24 . a s n. alaill, 4c33 . aláil, 12a10 . araill, 23b21 . g s. alaili, Wb. 4c13 . aláili, 12a34 . álaili, 13a9 . araili, Sg. 10a10 . áréli, Wb. 13a5 . d s. alailiu, Wb. 2a14 . arailiu, 21a13 . n p. alaili, Wb. 13a16 . ala aili , Sg. 215a1 . a p. with la, lialailiu, Ml. 14a4 (liaailiu, MS.). liala ailiu, Sg. 32b5 . g p. ala n-aile (gl. reliquorum), Ml. 37a21 . Sg. 201b15 . d p. alailib, Wb. 25b13 . Sg. 208b8 . Fem. a s. fri alaili , Sg. 202a4 . d s. aréli (see above), Wb. 8a7 , alaili, Sg. 189a7 . 212b3 .

In Bardic verse this form alliterates with words beginning either with r- or vowels: líonmhar dá reic re-roile, DDána 61.3 . sgol i n-ucht ar-oile ag ól, 103.25 .

(c) Unstressed forms (always adjectival preceding noun or aí, see below, and most usually with preceding article or cach). With article (both words indecl.) n s m. indala mmod, Ml. 45b11 . a s m. indala fer, Wb. 4c16 . d s. dondala lucht, Wb. 16c20 . n s f. indala chlas, Ml. 138d1 . g s f. indala rainne, Sg. 74b7 . a s n. indala lestar, Wb. 4c32 . With cach, usually cach la: cach la sel, Wb. 15d9 . cach le céin, Ml. 19c1 . Without art. somet. also all, see C I (a) below.

A. The form AILE.

I As adj. following its noun other, second: frituidecht a.¤ anísiu, Sg. 21b11 . pronomen naill, 197b17 . fogur na liter na.¤ , 4a8 . guidiu itge n-a.¤ , Fél. Ep. 413 . anní nail as much again, IT ii1 180.177 . cethri fogaetha a.¤ , SR 49 . immon michil lasin crosfigill-so immon muiri lasind crosfigell na.¤ immasech `with the next', Mon. Tall. 137.z (§ 28) . do nach raod aliu `to any other matter', 143.30 (§ 43) . isind le[i]th ailiu, Críth G. 591 (eliu, MS.). do c[h]ellaib elib, BColm. 62.20 . forsin triur aili `the other three', RC xxiv 174.10 . aisceda imda eili, Sc.M² § 4 R . Longínus in ainm ele, PH 673 . a dhuine dhiombuain eile, DDána 27.3 . céd eili d'uaislib `a hundred other nobles', IGT Decl. ex. 60 . ┐ ní eili and furthermore, Hy Maine 161.31 . beag oile as congnamh ré chois `little else', Dán Dé x 17 . aill with non-neut. noun: ro-lēcus-[s]a gaí n-aill cucut-su, Sc.M² § 13 . issin láim n-aill, MU² 543 . do thuc bulli n-aill, TBC-LL¹ 1998 . fecht n-aile (n-aill), úair a.¤ another time, on another occasion see fecht and 2 úar. Of future time, next, forthcoming: lathi n-and resint samḟuin a.¤ cind bliadna, LU 3298 ( SCC § 10 ). cosin caiscc naili `until the next Easter', Mon. Tall. 132.17 (§ 12) . nach (na) . . . a.¤ (aill) any other . . . : nábat nacha arm aili `let it not be any other arms', Wb. 11d14 . dochum nacha rainne a.¤ , Sg. 188a12 . indtan noteigdis nach leth aili, Mon. Tall. 129.18 (§ 6) . in nacha reduibh ailib, Ériu ii 106.9 . Masc. with neut. noun: huare nad fil na nert n-a.¤ , Ml. 29d5 .

n II As subst.

(a) another, the other, others etc.: cuit inna aine ┐ inna a.¤ of the one and of the other, Thes. ii 15.42 (Bcr.). amal na heliu `like the others', Sg. 9b2 . arus leth do fallaib an aill do doebdadaib `for half is due for the neglects, the other for the claimants,' Laws iv 126.21 Comm. mad a.¤ da lina beta olca folaid `one of two parties', ii 366.11 . ma a.¤ dá lína bes anfoltach, O'D. 565 ( H 3.17, 441 ). co ndearnadhsom in a.¤ chédna likewise, TFrag. 22.22 . mani tucad . . . ní din chéttadall ni bered a n-aill, Sc.M² § 1 . ní fargaib bennachtain ┐ ní thuc anaill (alali, v.l.), RC viii 52.25 . aroile . . . anaill the one . . . the other (ref. to léo), Grail 3399 .

(b) period of two days: a.¤ do mnaib . . . treisi do rig, Laws i 78.15 . nat ṡasai aena tar a.¤ `that one day should not be extended beyond two days', 120.18 . athgabail a.¤ itir uin ┐ treise rosmidir Sencha, 126.11 . cach athgabail a.¤ , 144.24 .i. for ata anad naili ┐ apad aili, 146.21 Comm. is for dail na haili, 146.12 Comm. athgabail a.¤ do ingin im comorbus a mathar, 146.y .i. ar ata anadh naili, 148.3. Comm. a.¤ déc space of twelve days (cf. a.¤ déc one twelfth , (g) infra): a.¤ do mnaib, a.¤ dec doib im roe, Laws i 78.15 .

(c) Frequ. a n-aill something else, anything else: nimbe anaild arbera bith `he has nothing else that he may eat', Mon. Tall. 146.16 (§ 50) . ind lethbairgin ┐ ind cethramtu nó anaild `the half loaf and the quarter or other quantity, 151.z (§ 63) , ní fogbat merdrecha Ulad a n-aill acht foraim én dóib, LU 3254 ( SCC § 5 ). it é do theoir ríagla / nítroib anaill bas diliu `have thou naught else dearer', Ériu i 194 § 7 . in fil anaill? ol Grigoir `is there anything else?' ZCP iii 30.21 .

(d) Hence with ocus, etc. furthermore: ┐ anaill forácbus[s]a . . ., LL 279a7 . ┐ anaill béus, iarfaig-siu and furthermore, ask . . ., TBC-LL¹ 1920 . ┐ dano a n-aill and úair ni chesend nech, LU 2654 . ┐ anaill niro tagaill . . ., Grail 2786 . Cf. similar use of araill: et araill aile dana béus, TBC-LL¹ 106 . ┐ araill and, dano, . . . ní fil rígain . . ., LU 4015 ( SCC § 46 ). araill ele bheós ro leth ainm . . ., AFM v 1858.z . ┐ araill ele nir bó siodhach . . ., vi 2052.10 .

(e) Uninflected aill . . . aill one . . . another, some . . . others (not found in O. Ir. Glosses): imrordus in rígraid / . . . / aill úas laithib lígdaib / aill fo díanaib déraib some . . . others, Fél. Prol. 23 . aill fir mair . . . / aill ingene húage `one of a mighty man . . . another of a virginal maiden', June 5 . áill fri cumaid . . . aill ele fri teichead (of persons), Alex. 309 . .lll. carpdech . . . aill bruitt budi aill bruit deirg `some in yellow mantles others in red mantles', RC xiv 412.8 . Hence adverbially partly . . . partly: aill is tóla catha crūach / aill is cōra cacha crích, ZCP xi 110 § 30 . go ruc in ingen leis aill ar áis aill ar égin, Ériu xi 46.13 . Cf. aill .i. aonfecht .. . ut est aill torla tres tochuired, O'Dav. 34 , Ériu xiii 15.11 .

(f) With nach any other: arna arroímatsom nach na.¤ `lest they should receive any one else', Wb. 14d37 . cen acaldaim nach aili, Sg. 153b7 . cen acomol naich aili do `without joining any other to it', 197b17 . nib écen na aill, Wb. 22d12 . ni gessid na aill act búaid precepte, Wb. 26a34 . ní epur na haill `I say nothing more', Sg. p. 217 marg. sup. (Thes. ii xxii). in fail na aill adcota[r] dam, Trip.² 1323 . cona bía cuit do nach ailiu i nHére, 2766 . do-bérad naill ( = na aill) would give something else, BDD² 276 . With partitive DI something else of: asbéram na aill diar ṅgnímaib, Wb. 17c23 . in fuil anaill d'ingantaib air?, Grail 2983 . Cf. aill do buadaib Duind C. andso something of the triumphs, TBC-LL¹ 1529 .

(g) In numerals (fractions). a.¤ déac one twelfth: oile dég f., IGT Decl. § 3 . oil a dég (oil dhég v.l.) lochdach, IGT Decl. § 14 . aili deac brotto `the twelfth part of a second', Thes. ii 13.29 (BCr.). erpais Patraic aili deac Erend dó the twelfth part of Ireland, Trip.² 911 . `a.¤ dhéc the twelfth part, the Brehon's fee . Anglicé allayéag,' O'Don. Suppl. ni uil aile déc dosomh ┐ atá éiric a gubreite fairsium, O'D. 536 ( H 3.17, 432 ). da tecarthar ni da folaid cruid on breithemain, no ailedec, Laws i 234.17 Comm. diablad na aile dec, 234.18 Comm. no co thormaigi fa geall co roib aile dec, v 252.20 Comm. log a breithemnuis, aile dec, 212.22 Comm. Perh. also in: ni bhía an oile dēgsi am díaigh / nach foighe Ó Bríain d'éicsi úaim, IGT Decl. ex. 216 . barr na ngēg uile re n-idnaibh / uile dég gun fidhbaidh ortt (lochtach), ex. 225 . Cf. Kl. enair for dardain ail uathaid fuirre `the second day of the moon thereon', RC xviii 176.27 (Tig.). 284.2 . For ail dec 35.9 Stokes suggests reading ail uathaid.

B. The form ALAILE etc.

I As adj.

(a) other: aliud pronomen . i. is allail (recte alaill, edd.) pronomen , Sg. 209b10 . cenn cridi ┐ alaaili réta `and other things', 111b5 . sech alaili dliged ┐ indliuchtu `apart from other sayings and meanings', Ml. 18c11 . imtech[t] Boinde . . . ┐ alanaile n-aband, AU i 308. 11 , cf. 330.4 , 374.4 . In later lang. neut. form somet. used after noun irrespective of gender: leth in moige . . . al-leth allaill, RC xi 446.52 . don taeb araill, Stair Erc. 782 . isin luing araill, Grail 2969 . isind láim anaill, TBC-LL¹ 1719 . Note also: adhaigh n-aill n-aile another night, BNnÉ 324 § 38 .

(b) Usually some, a certain (gl. quidam, aliquis): hualailiu chlausul gl. uelut in clausula, Ml. 40d17 . holailiu lon gl. quodam adipe, 80a2 . ainm alaili thríuin `name of a certain hero', Sg. 96a4 . alaill ṡain, 6b24 . hualailiu mud gl. quodammodo, 25b12 . con alailiu fogoir (leg. fogur, edd.) gl. aliquo `with some sound', 39a2 . alaili tain gl. quando, 222b1a . ac gūmāidim ala naile nairec ninganta falsely boasting of various wonderful inventions, Corm. Y 825 . cornan alaili cuislendach, `a certain piper Cornan', Mon. Tall. 131.23 (§ 10) . alaili fáith marb, Trip.² 1395 . di araile anmcharait, ACL iii 5.3 . aroile fer angid, PH 818 . doní . . . araile gaitt irisech `she commits a certain pious theft', BColm. 84.10 . i n-araile domnuch, ZCP iii 33.15 . ro indsaig araile carruic . . . ┐ ros buail, Grail 1435 . in araile locc i lLaighis `at a certain place', AFM ii 1066.3 . Cf. co aroile mainistir ecin, RC x 187.4 .

n II As subst.

(a) another, the other: ni ferr nech alailiu, Wb. 2a16 . ni áir do neuch molad alaili, 16a24 . is coitchen do cechtar de ainm alaili `the name of each is common to both', Ml. 14d12 . intí diib bes tresa orcaid alaile, Ml. 19d6 . tar cenn alanaile gl. aliorumuice, 95d9 . Sg. 201b15 . cenmathá dobrethir ┐ alaaili `except the adverb and other (parts of speech)', 71b17 . muidit secht catha ren Osseirgé for na Déise . . . asberat araile is tricha cath others say, Ériu iii 138.102 . in foirend is craibdige araile `the folk who are more believing than the rest', PH 6363 . coná baí aithgne neich sech alaile díb, TBFr. 271 . cach gabal tra issuidiu araile hisesam `every other division is sung sitting, the next standing', Mon. Tall. 140.4 (§ 31) . gach clas ro claideadh do línadh do arbaim alaill do imbim the furrows to be filled alternately with corn and butter, Laws iv 98.14 Comm. drécht diib i nAidniu, araill diib oc Dubcechair, ZCP viii 305.30 . Hence alaile . . . alaile etc. (the) one . . . the other, another: biit alaili and rofinnatar a pecte rosíu (sic) docói grád forru alaili is iarum . . ., Wb. 29a28 . alaaili diib hi remthechtas . . . alaaili dano it coitchena eter remthechtas, Sg. 215a1 . Later araill . . . de is used of all genders: comérgit Ulaid araill díb . . . araill, LU 5017 . Cf. a dá grúad . . . co ndeirgi fola laíg ┐ araill eile co solusgili sneachta, BDD² 38 . Also when first part of phrase contains ind ala (infra).

(b) With idea of mutual action each other: con rochra cách a.¤ lit. that each may love the other (= that all may love each other), Wb. 6d1 . rosbennach cách dib elathain aroile, Fél. 4.20 . Eogan . . .┐ Oed . . . do marbad aroili, Ann. Conn. 1340.12 . ar bruinnib ┐ ochtaip aroile ┐ a chēile, Fl. Earls, 80.17 . Frequ. with prepp.: combad imned for araill domsa so that it should be trouble upon trouble for me, Wb. 23b21 . Cf. in peccath for arele, 9c19 . is ball cách dialailiu, 5d4 . ar a ndig cechtar dīb sech anaile (araile v.l.) so that they can get past each other (of two chariots), Corm. Y 1082 (96.11) . ni dernai nechtar n-ai olc fri araili, TBFr. 24.3 = fria chéile, 420 . ón tráth co roili, BDD² 1251 . lán ón orsain go ar-oile / an teach . . ., DDána 85.37 . casmhail a rún dá-roile, 92.6 . an ro loitseat Goill ┐ Geraltaig imo roile (roile) isan tansa `the injuries mutually done upon each other', AFM v 1734.15 . dīss derbrāthor dieroile `two . . . brothers', Fl. Earls 124.1 . ?asrean a ceile agh fo laill do `his neighbour shall give him another calf', Laws iv 102.14 Comm.

(c) somebody, something; a certain person or thing . In sg.: araill tra cairigedarsom there is a certain thing (?) (`there are other things now which he blames'), Wb. 25b9 . So also: [con]-secha alaill indib (`he corrects another thing in them'), 26c1 . aroile do lāmhoip S. Niclās `one of the hands', Fl. Earls 80.20 . ba ingnad liasna Fomoire alaill tarfas doib isin cath a certain thing, RC xii 92 § 122 . atpert aroile fris `a certain man', Stair Erc. 1449 . Note also: ara ara bélaib isin charput sin araile forseng fánfota forbrec a charioteer in front of him . . . and he was, LU 9274 . In pl.: is sí cétbaid alanaile `this is the opinion of some', Ml. 36a1 . circunflex la grecu for alailib diib, Sg. 208b8 . With DI: araill d'feraib Midi `some of the men of M.', RC xviii 23.31 . do deachaidh fein cona mac . . . ┐ ar oile dia mhuintir innte, Leb. Gab.(i) 242.26 . d'foraithmet araill dona neithibh remraiti, 272.6 . araill d'áes na cemenn sin, CCath. 86 .

(d) As adv. (d s n.) arailiu `otherwise', Wb. 21a13 (introducing an alternative explanation); cf. alailiu chruth gl. aliter, Ml. 98d1 . alailiu, Wb. 9a23 (see Bergin, Ériu xiv 29 ; xvii 1; Pedersen, Ériu xv 188 ). alaile, Anecd. iii 59.2 . araili .i. gne eile, Laws iv 68.3 . Perh. also in TBC-I¹ 1044 , TBC-LL¹ 1833 ff. (reading ... cadān co leith. Allaile (alailiu LU) dia tonda etc.) .

C. The form (a)la, al(l).

I As adj.

(a) other, one of two, second (in this use a `compositional prefix', GOI § 394 ): all-aidchi on another night, IT ii2 194.21 . alachéill in sin, ZCP viii 313.29 . Morc .i. ala flaith na Fomoire, Leb. Gab.(i) 80.30 . béra cend ríg alathúaithi lat, BDD² 727 . fria lesa alabrugh of other territories, O'Curry 454 ( H 3.18, 242a ). rogrād fir alathīre 'great love of a man of another land', Ériu ii 15 § 2 . ? nach for ala thire tí tarrassais 'that you did not abide upon the surface of another land', PMLA lvi 940 ( LL 37013 ). li ala lécuinn Saul `by one of S.'s cheeks', Ml. 55c1 . ala n-or di i teg, a n-aill fri sīn, Corm. Y 35 (aurso). ala thred dub alaili find, Anecd. i 57 § 58 . tēora blaī būirig . . . blaī mescae . . . alablaī dúnaid la túatha téchtai tecraiter the second exemption, ZCP xi 83.1 . cath Ocha alachath `the second battle', RC xiii 54.10 . ala-chor second contract, Laws ii 274.z . mád ala feacht iar mbrethaib forru `for the second time', 66.16 . See also under compds. and 1 al. See also under allabrig.

(b) With article ind ala one of two, (the) one (. . . the other) (see also B II (a) supra): dotóeth indala fiacail airthir a chinn `one of the two teeth', Thes. ii 248.9 . arambé indala rann cen diall `that one of the two parts be undeclined', Sg. 74b6 . ind ala c. gl. praetermisit unam c (i.e. by writing hoc for hocc), 205b5 . co lluid tré scíath n-ete indala heóin one of the two birds, LU 3282 ( SCC § 7 ). doroigu ind ala fer . . . et romiscsigestar alaile, Wb. 4c16 . is léir dorigni indala lestar is dínnimu dongní alaill, 4c32-33 . ni coir dídnad dondala lucht et troscud dond lucht ailiu, 16c20 . īadais andala (indara, LU) sūil . . . asoilg alaile, TBC-I¹ 394 . benaid . . . Mac Cecht a chend dondala fir . . . ro boí in fer aile oc élúd, LU 7942 . Loch nE. dindala leith di ┐ Slíab C. dind leith ailiu, Trip.² 1957 . Later indara: indara láim dó fri ubull bragat in chon. dobeir araile fria chúl one of his hands, LU 5012 . indara fecht . . . canait ceol . . . in fecht n-aill contúaset fri ceól muintire nime, 1978 ( FA 5 ). is hé indara fer . . . ró an . . . Donnmal int aili, Trip.² 1521 .

(c) ind ala the second (cf. tánaiste): cengsat siar dind ara chur `for the second time', Metr. Dinds. iii 4.33 . isin dara cét lá deidenach don ré `on the second last day of the term', Laws iv 136.1 Comm. Hence in compd. numerals: ala rann deac `one twelfth', Thes. ii 13.29 (BCr.). issed indala nainmm déc the twelfth name, Thr. Ir. Gl. 25.9 = indara hainm, Corm. Y 750 . indala descipul lxx at the seventy-second disciple, Laws i 20.2 Comm. fir errainne co alasét sesed with sixty-two `séts' ZCP xii 361.21 . ?torad cach trethain ala cairrge, Laws v 484.2 (Comm. takes as all beyond). Cf. co treathan ala cairge no ala caire, O'Curry 20 ( H 3.18, 9a ).

(d) cach (a)la every other, every second: cach la céin . . . in céin naili sometimes . . . sometimes, Ml. 19b1, 3 . cachlacein `alternately', Mon. Tall. 146.29 (§ 52) . is i fescur cachlacēin / dlegar dīdnad dōib they are entitled to a meal on alternate days at vesper-time (of fasting regulations), ZCP xiii 29.14 . cach la sel dún for imrádud dé in sel aile for precept `at one time meditating on God, at another time preaching', Wb. 15d9 . ammarbad cach la sel iarum do a mbeogud indtale dia marbad `he continues alternately to mortify and revive them from their dying state', Mon. Tall. 147.16 (§ 52) . bó cona timthuch cech la blíadnai . . . colp[d]ach ḟirenn lee in mblíadnai n-aili every second year, Críth G. 266 . cach alablīa[dain] every second year, Corm. Y 1082 ( Anecd. iv 96.16 ). cach ara bliadain, Laws iv 140.29 Comm. druinech cechla bean / crecōir cechla fer, ZCP ix 170.17 . ate cuir treineacha la Feine cach la fear dia urgaire, alaili dia forngaire, Laws iv 54.13 . gach re n-am alternately, Dán Dé v 41 .

II n As subst. indala n-aí (invariable) one of the two: is dochu ind ala nái oldaas a n-aill, Wb. 4b24 . togu ind ala n-ái . . . damnad alaili `to choose one of the twain . . . to condem the other', 4c13 . ci atbela ind ala n-ái ni epil alaill, Sg. 30a3 . ind ala n-aí antúaid alaile andess, 67b22 . co n-accai in da mnaí . . . indala n-ai brat úaine impe alaili brat corcra, LU 3285 ( SCC § 8 ). elcuig indalanae, ruibidh alailiu, ZCP viii 105.11 . da fítt . . . inddala hí do tabirt do Día . . . araile do tomailt fadein, Mon. Tall. 161.10 (§ 80) . Later also ala (n-)aí: ar lēicse ala aí di arailiu, ZCP xv 316 § 10 . ni frith ala ai do thacru, 354 § 42 . dá [n]dorus [n]-and—comla[e] ar ala n-aí, clíath ar alailiu, Críth G. 101 . bōthar, talla dā boin fair .i. alanāi for fot alaile for tarsnae, Corm. Y 1082 ( Anecd. iv 96.17 ).

COMPDS. cosnamach fri hailecricha, Ériu viii 173.28 . i n-ailithír, Trip.² 2033 . asna hailithírib foreign countries, TTr.² 1747 (cf. ailithir). aile máthair, Sg. 152a2 (not treated as compd. by GOI § 394 . Perh. infl. by the Lat. altera mater). See also C I (a) above.

aimles

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aimles or dil.ie/1122

 

Forms: aimhles

n (les) aimhles m., IGT Decl. § 38 .

(a) disadvantage, harm, mischief: ni fes cuich les cúich amles to whose disadvantage it is, LU 10822 . in fer fris rodálusa ní ar chul no amles ticht ar a cend, 10769 . ní ar amlessaib in tslúaig / tíagu cech fordul a húair, 4720 (TBC). muna thaithnet a gubreatha ar [a]imleas neich aile to the disadvantage of somebody else, Laws ii 328.18 Comm. fiach aimhlesa, O'D. 578 ( H 3.17, 444 ). cur rem aimhleas do b'ail lé `it desires to attempt my ruin', Dán Dé xix 2 . ceim fri ha.¤ negalsa, Ériu ii 228.15 . ní bu báes, nī bu amless / umlae dond áes bad chomdas `humility . . . would be no disadvantage', 63 § 3. d'aslach a aimhlesa ar a eascarait, MR 306.18 . In phrase do-gní a.¤ x harms x: ropo mór do thech . . . cia doriṅgned and t'amles, TFerbe 286 . uchān a Dé mo dī lāim . . . dorōnsat mōr domn (sic) a.¤ , ACL iii 233.6 . nach dingne[d] a.¤ a mathar, Ériu v 148.32 . As quasi-vn.: ro bá oc amless m'anma, Trip.² 1435 . do amlius fer mBruidne to injure, BDD² 1186 . ni biadh acht oc a.¤ Édaine, Ériu xii 154.12 (TE2). doriacht Forann caladh thes / dia faghal is dia n-aimhles, RC xxxvii 347 § 47 . ag innell ┐ ag a.¤ ┐ ag órdugad sírchogaid do dénam orro, Caithr. Thoirdh. 139.38 .

(b) evil report, false charge: ni creidem-sa a.¤ air, ZCP vi 54.31 . an seanshuileach . . . do dalladh laiss a loss aimhlesa, AFM iii 350.18 . a.¤ an sdibaird ar Sir Gyi calumny, ZCP vi 55.24 . litreacha aimleassa letters containing false charges, Expugn. Hib. 73 . dorinnedh aimhles damh uirre fa ḟior eile I made a false charge against her, Ériu v 196.611 . d'ḟiadhnaisi ḟir an aimhlis of the mischief-maker, TD 17.61 . amlus .i. brath, Laws i 234.4 Comm.

alchaing

Cite this: eDIL s.v. alchaing or dil.ie/2895

 

Forms: alchuing, ailcheng, ealchuing, alchuing

n f. Also alchuing, ailcheng. ealchuing, alchuing f., IGT Decl. § 13 (? 1 al (but see Marstrander, Lochlann ii 215 ) + cuing) rack for hanging weapons, etc.: alcheng ab alligando .i. arma, Corm. Y 97 . alchung quasi arm-chong .i. congbaid arma, 85 . alla .i. ab alligatione equorum. Sic alcheng a ligando arma, O'Mulc. 39 . a.¤ quasi archuing .i. congbail arma, O'Curry 83 ( H 3.18, 63 ). ro ir dom. .. .x. faidlenda (= aidlenda) .i. alcainge co n-imdenum, Ériu ii 5 gl. 87 . rogab in crimall ... anuas da healchaing, Laws iii 82.x . luirecha ara lebarealchaingibh, ML 76.9 . ní thogaibh laoch do leith Cuinn / arm ... dá ealchuing, Aithd. D. 39.22 . ealchuing ar gach slios díobh ┐ a lán bacán ionnta ... ┐ is ar na bacánaibh do chuireadh an seancha sciatha na n-uasal, Keat. ii 3895 . do lámh fan ccráoisigh na cearchuill / as dál fáoisimh d'ealchuing é relieves the a. of its weight(?), IGT Decl. ex. 876 . do chúl cam ní healchuing áer air is no support for(?), ex. 631 . fearg Ríogh na n-uile ar a ha.¤ `though God's wrath be laid aside', Dán Dé xii 3 . Common in descriptions of tumult, clamour etc. in which weapons fall from their racks: conná rabi gai for a.¤ ( ailching, BDD² 498 ) inte, BDD 55 (of the tumult caused by arrival of boats). cuna fargaib sleg ar aidlind ... ná claideb ar a.¤ , MU² 496 . In token of sympathy with death or disaster: co ndechraigsetar ... airm ┐ alchaingi (wounding of Cú Chulainn), LL 22086 . do tuitetar na leabhuir ... don ealchuing ar a rabhutur (a monk's death), ZCP x 246.19 . an adhaigh théighe tar tuinn / raghaidh Éire dá healchuing, Aithd. D. 36.28 . Fig. of a warrior's hands: a.¤ gai glaiss a glacca, LL 15337 . Of a person: Cairbre ... ealcuing congbhala an crábhaidh, AFM iv 670.9 . ealchuing an enigh, IGT Decl. ex. 632 . Cf. mag al cuing (? read chuing, GOI § 825 ), descr. of a girl's bosom , ZCP iii 245 § 52 .

See alchaill.

bachall

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bachall or dil.ie/5092
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: bachla(e), baichle

n ā, f. (Lat. baculum) g s. bachla(e), baichle. b.¤ f., IGT Decl. § 192.6 .

(a) staff, crozier, pastoral staff: bachal quasi bachul .i. a bacula, Corm. Y 112. clocc ┐ menstir ┐ b.¤ , Thes. ii 241.17 (Ardm.). sénais Brigit lia bachaill, 341.4 (Hy. v). taibrith mo bachail immon fot so, Vita Br. 17. co tarát bachaill nÍsu dó (name of Patrick's crozier), Trip.² 282. ermted na bachlai, 2297 (see airmtiud). in tImblech/ro sáer Ailbe dia bachail (: Cathail), Ann. Inisf. A.D. 742 . comadh eadh ba meirge dhóibh . . . b.¤ Cholaim Cille, TFrag. 230.5 . cor'benadh an Bernan Ciaraín fair co lois na Bachla Issa (a sign of excommunication), RC xvii 383.12 (Tig.). ro ghellsat a eascaine . . . ┐ a cluic ┐ a mbachla do bein fair, MR 38.14 . Cf. AFM iii 268.4 . iar tabairt mind Muman ┐ clocc ┐ b.¤ da cheli doib after swearing by . . . a crozier, Ann. Conn. 1277.2 . damna trostáin ┐ damna bhaichle, SG 38.12 . clérech a bhachla the clerk who carried his staff, Lism. L. 3131.

? g p. na daoine luigheas lámha nó uailse (= uaisle) . . . riogh nó tighearna atáid ag denamh bhachlagh mbrégach dibh (= are making them a false support), Carswell 219.20 . ? In npr.: a Mail Bachal `thou servant of the rods', Thes. ii 290.14 (Sg. Poems iii). `croziers (?)´ CSANA 3-4 iii-iv 287 .

In phr. (gaibid) bachail(l) takes holy orders; goes on a pilgrimage: D. do bachaill D. is taking orders, Trip.² 2227 (glossed: .i. do berrad, ACL iii 26 § 67 ). b.¤ Beicce B. assumed the pilgrim's staff, AU i 154.z (A.D. 707) = Becc . . . do gabháil bachlae, AFM i 306.10 . b.¤ A. . . . peregrinatio eius , AU i 256.1 (A.D. 782). rind reimiteit b.¤ (i.e. a king precedes a cleric), Laws v 12.y Comm. i corraib b.¤ .i. i n-aes graid, RC xxvi 40 § 216 ( LL 24785 ). dia rogba(i) ind ḟlaith bachaill, Críth G. 574. imbad cách dia eclais dúthaig do gabáil bachla ba nabad i n-oenchathair `whether each should go to his local church to take the staff or … in one place´ Celtica xviii 40 § 1 . bedg a n-ailithre, . . . gabail bachla, Laws v 296.17 . tarrngaire bachla a promise to go on a pilgrimage, O'Curry 2597 ( Eg. 88, 50b ). Cf. .xxuii. ríg rofollnaisetar fo bachaill hi Caisiul co ré Cinn Gécán (i.e. were both kings and clerics), Trip.² 2308.

(b) hurley-stick: cet mac . . . oc ain liathroidi. . . . Geibid . . . Moronoc a mbachla, Ériu v 28.8 .

(c) In later lang. curl or tress of hair: Muire . . . na mb.¤ bhfionn, DDána 31.28 . a ghéag óg na mb.¤ mbán, Hard. i 16.4 . So in compds. an barr bachalldacht `thick-clustering', Ir. Review 1912, 471 § 1 . folt . . . bachaillfhiar, DDána 66.13 . a chúl bachullag, Aithd. D. 41.25 .

báes, baís

Cite this: eDIL s.v. báes, baís or dil.ie/5136
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: baíse, báos, báois, báosa, báeis, báeise

n ā, f. (1 báeth). Also baíse [, f.]. báos m. g s. báois, báosa, IGT Decl. § 38 (87.17) . báeis f. g s. báeise, § 14 (69.1) .

(a) folly, levity; play, sport; frenzy: inna baise gl. hebitudenis, Ml. 33c2 . in ṁbáis gl. chebitudinem, 124c17 . mōr mbāis, . . ./ mōr coll cēille, ACL iii 215.y . na bid fri baisi ṁbeltrúaig, SR 3890 (to complaining Israelites). baes fomrig folly holds me back, IT iii 12 § 22. gabala báise cis lir ? . . . bretha díana, dúscud ferge, folabra gúach, Tec. Corm. § 14.1 . atái ar báis/a chléirigh ní chanai gáis, SG 26.41 . Cf. Dán Dé ix 8 . is mé ar baois ag caoineadh an áirdfhir distraught, Keat. Poems 423.

(b) Legal, incapacity, lack of judgment: cennib gaeth acht nis n-ellne a baes provided that his incapacity does not defile it (sc. his `fine'), Laws iii 54.5 . tre feirg forrain (leg. feirge forrán ?) sceo baisi buaidred, 112.3 Comm. [ g]aibiut baetha cachta indliged .i. is taidbsi baisi don fir cachtus . . ., ii 76.20 Comm. baes inna mbretheman nad inmedatar a ndalai dligidh, 130.16 Comm.

? baís(e) banapad: siachtatar .ui. haidhicha ina baisi banapadh `six `seds' is the extent of the fine for entertaining a proclaimed person unawares', Laws iii 60.3 Comm. aidech .i. cumal nó fiach slān do lāimh rathe .i. aidech sies teora aidecha ina baos ban-apad, O'Mulc. 102.

Attrib. g s. wanton, frivolous, sportive, playful, appertaining to play; frenzied: gebid a bunsaig ṁbáisi, TBC-LL¹ 888. rith báise a wild rush, 893 . taem báisi risin mbas-crann `the knocker had been smitten with frenzy', Ériu iv 116 § 25. comhrádh baísi, IGT Decl. ex. 633. amhail fhear baoise nó buainghealtachta, TSh. 5957. For phr. baire baíse, see 1 báire.

(c) wantonness, lust: ní ar báes nach ar báegul ro dalus-sae friss, IT i 127.4 = ní ar chul no amles . . ., LU 10769. nach ingen dogníd buís dar cenn aurnaidm, LL 37043. romet a bais intib 'very much lust in them', TBith.² 196 § 77 . baos .i. drúis, O'Cl.

As quasi-vn. an rí 's a rígan . . ./ ic baeis dōib ann, ic búaphud, BColm. 88.21 .

berraid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. berraid or dil.ie/5725

 

Forms: bér[r]tha, berrad

v (berr)

(a) shears, clips; shaves: berrthar . . . no is cumme dí no berrthe gl. tondeatur, Wb. 11c13 . co sebaind a folt de amal bíd co n-altain no berthá, LU 5679 ( TBC-I¹ 1205 ). co roberr māil fair cosin chloduib `cropped his hair', Ériu ii 22.2 . Moen . . . is é cetna fer no berrad i nHerind, LL 22246 ( Bodl. Dinds. 25 ). ro bearrastar mac na baintrebthaigi in ri, RC ii 197.8 . berrthar fuilt na sethrach = the Sisters . . . haue their hayre cut, RSClára 70b . a fhir ghlacas a[n] ghalldacht / bhearras an barr bachalldacht, Ir. Review 1912, 471 § 1 . Transfd. tonn . . . a tondeo .i. ar b.¤ in fēr don murbach, Corm. Y 1243. ro berrad L.L. was laid waste, SG 411.11 . do bhearr d'fhaithchibh fionna a bhféar (of greens made bare by horse-racing), Magauran 3035 . ón ló . . . bhearrfas muir do mhong (the end of the world), DDána 50.22.

(b) tonsures: berrsi Pátricc, Thes. ii 241.14 . ní bertar co tí a ord berti `there is no tonsuring until the regular time of tonsure', Mon. Tall. 137.15 . romberr P. (= ablati sunt capilli capitis illius), Lat. Lives 27 § 22. coro berr berradh manaigh fair, Trip.² 250. berrait a choraind ō a chūl (i.e. like a slave), O'Mulc. 726.

(c) cuts (i.e. deals ?) cards: ní bheárrfad cárta, Hackett xxvi 33 .

Part. mucc bér[r]tha ` shaven ', Trip. 40.10 , dá bhróig shioscaithe ribeanta bhearrtha ` well-trimmed ', O'Rah. 100.5. a los íoca an bhainne bhearrtha skim milk, Ó Bruad. iii 206.3 .

Vn. berrad.

cába

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cába or dil.ie/7495

 

n (with unlen. -b-) (ON kápa, Bidrag 96 , Jn. Celt. Stud. i 234. Lat. cappa, Ling. Val., Vendr., De Hib. Voc.) cape, cloak : na ínair ┐ na capai, AU ii 166.1 ( na cábaidhe, ALC i 142.9 ). tucsan a chaba . . . dóib, SG 35.z . am' chúl 's am' ch.¤ , ZCP v 208.135 (Midn. Court). fé bhun ch.¤ a chasóige, GJ xiii 223 § 4 `his coat collar', 226 .

1 cain

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cain or dil.ie/7783

 

i adj. similar in meaning to 1 caín: a chul ch.¤ (: máthair), ACC 51 ( RC xx 248 ). sgel c.¤ (: ioain), Blathm. 166 . Crīst c.¤ (: Ādaim), Ériu iii 144 § 20 . fo gne ch.¤ (: airmitein), SR 1499 . cainig C. (: timmarcain), 3753 . 'sin chamair ch.¤ (: anmain), 6323 . cétemain c.¤ cucht, Ériu xvii 89 § 1 . Colum ón chill ch.¤ (: menmain), Metr. Dinds. iv 84.65 . in carn coin (: imgoin), iii 356.3 . na cleas coin (: tanaid), 362.97 . cairddes c.¤ (: Cruachain), 244.31 . crann c.¤ (: barraib), 146.1 . coic cét c.¤ / . . . do bliadnaib, 8.81 . tlacht corcra c.¤ (: Romhair), ML² 509 . a tenga ba cupris c.¤ (: titail), ZCP viii 107.13 . cogadh c.¤ (: Choncobair), Leb. Cert.² 1838 .

Compd. na doirsi chaindelbdai (: lainderdai), SR 457 . For other possible compds. see Bretha 30 , 31 , 35 and Introd. p. 9 .

1 cas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cas or dil.ie/8289

 

Forms: casbairn

adj o, ā

(a) Of hair curly, hence of persons curly-haired: noí monga cráebacha cassa, LU 7633 (BDD). do barr bude brass / ba cass (of Fer Diad), TBC-LL¹ 4071 . trí dondḟuilt chasa, BDD² 938 . Cormac c.¤ , Fing. R. 731 . at casa finna a forḟuilt (of household of Créide), Acall. 797 . gilla[n]rad chass crodund, RC xiv 412.w . folt na n-órchlann . . . gc.¤ , DDána 49.3 . re scéimh a slat-chúil chais, Keat. Poems 73 . Of animals curly-haired, -furred: c.¤ a graig, Ériu xvi 160 § 6 . masat cethrai cornaig cais, MU² 480 . Of trees etc. twisted, tangled: trí chrann c.¤ , BS 74.6 . in caill cais, Metr. Dinds. i 2.19 . Of terrain, mountains etc. of dense vegetation(?); somet. translated steep: hi Cruachain cais, Metr. Dinds. iii 464.61 . don thslēibh ch.¤ `steep', SGS iv 62 § 15 . i cath Dromma caiss Corcáin, Arch. Hib. ii 93 § 16 . re slis Locha Cuilidh cais `precipitous', Celt. Rev. iv 218.16 . Of sea, rivers etc. eddying (?): cossin Commor cuscle cass, LL 964 . sruth cithmhear c.¤ , `winding', Aithd. D. 61.16 . tar cholbhadhaibh casa . . . na g-cuan, ML 46.28 . do thomhais fhionnmhuir gcais gcoptha, Magauran 1283 .

Other applications: brat c.¤ corcra woven, BDD² 959 . t'eascaoin is c.¤ (to a cloak), Hackett² xxxii 11 . ilar na cúach, na cód cass elaborate(?), SR 4357 . cass cor cuirther guth in luin, IT iii 19 § 53 `lively', Murphy Lyrics 6 . casa ┐ . . . remra . . . amal cholamna (of serpents), Alex. 720 . ara cuirr chais `on its curved prow' (of naval vessel), Caithr. CC 75 . cechaing Eochaid don chath chass `serried battle', Metr. Dinds. iv 46.61 . atāi co rind recni chaiss intricate(?) (of metre), ZCP xi 110 § 34 (leg. chass: mass). i bfroighidh úir chais an chluidh (of a castle), DDána 119.3 . san léibheann ch.¤ chlár, 10 .

(b) In more abstract senses. Of persons: Créidne in cerd cass skilled, LL 1344 . a choccaráin cais `intelligent', Cog. 102.21 . for a cleircib craibdech cais / for a n-occlachaibh ernmais, Anecd. ii 33.w . co Clíodhna cais, Cog. 138.16 . dias fhoirbhthe, choinntinneach, ch.¤ , Tribes of Irel. 82.11 . clú cass (chev.), SR 7663 . ní crodh c.¤ (of dowry), Acall. 818 . ba hé in gnim cass perverse, SR 5973 . co ceird chaiss intricate, RC xx 136.21 .

Adv. is cass rotibe a gen / indiu fri bile Torten, Bruchst. 92 . na celid co cass, LL 29042 . seinn co cass é .i. co lúath, Cóir Anm. 165 (Cormac Cás). do chuirdís comhlonn go c.¤ ` ingeniously (?)', Keat. i 210.13 . an gaoth go garbh gclórach gc.¤ ` steeply ', Rel. Celt. ii 250.17 .

Equat. co muing órbuidhe . . . caissidir carra mennc[h]rot, Corm. Y 1059 ( Anecd. iv 94.7 ). caisithir casnaide a chul , Auraic. 3499 . caisighthir [sn]as snāth (leg. casnath?) a chūil, ZCP xiii 169.16 . cassithir rethe copad, LU 7252 ( BDD 91 ). caisidir, 7328 (97).

Compar. ní bo chaise a chur 'na laige `the quicker was he laid in grave'(?), Metr. Dinds. iv 112.66 . caissi rētaibh, ZCP viii 197.19 . do ṡil glaisi a gormtholaigh / nach caisi idh urchumhail, IGT Decl. ex. 746 .

(c) As subst. o, m.: in cass donn the curly-haired one (of Christ), Ériu iv 118 § 34 . imdha a tigh c.¤ a cuibhrech / ní ḟuil glas gan dá gheimhlech knot, IGT Decl. ex. 803 . As n. pr. m. concicher C.¤ cluiche maith, Ériu xx 194 § 15 . C.¤ Clothach, Cóir Anm. 9 .

Compds. With nouns: casanfadh in mormara ` whirling storm ', CCath. 791 . ¤bairdne name of a (type of) metre, see IT iii 11 §§ 15ff. casbairdni ┐ duanbairdni, 6.17 . Also casbairn f., IGT Decl. § 13 . ní ḟuil co casbairn chinn truim / rem lind glasnaidm ó ngébuinn, ex. 623 . trí chét ban do chasbanntracht calma na cichloiscthi, Alex. 519 . mo chasbraid go bhfóire (to Christ), DDána 51.8 . tricha cas brat `napped cloaks', Leb. Cert. 64.9 . aon don chasbhuidhin maisdín uaibhreach uilc, Hackett² lxv 5 . buinne faebrach .i. casbuin[n]e, O'Dav. 272 . tria caschairchidh (?leg. -chige), O'Curry 2164 `the quality of having curly hair', Plummer MS. notes. Conghal caisChinn mhóir Mhaghair, DDána 113.14 . fer co c. cluimh `with wreathed hair', CCath. 7 . ag crathudh gach caschroinn, Magauran 3424 . casdraigen . . . ūas clethi . . . cacha suind `thorns', MacCongl. 87.14 . ag cais-fhilleadh ar na coiribh, TSh. 8108 . dremhan an caisgen tibhes, Fianaig. 16.12 `hateful laugh' (see 1 cais). ag caisfhidh Dúin `knotty wood', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 160.12 . ag cais-iompódh ar a gceanaibh, TSh. 7949 . fail and cassleni Senaig, LL 370b39 = casol Senaich, Arch. Hib. iv 206 § 11 . bratt derg fa chaslaí, TBC-LL² 4519 = fuan brecdercc fo casloi, TBC St. 4430 `curly wool', Gloss. casla .i. casló .i. olann ch., O'Cl. nochathed caslus calaid, Rawl. 76b50 . casmhaide dóighte `burnt-up cross stick', O'Rah. 78.116 . greit cnōsaig tre casrub[a] `raschen Schlag(?)', ZCP xiii 276.12 . In n. pr.: mac Lugdach meic Casrubai, LU 5698 . cona cassnaithchib caiti twisted threads, CCath. 5208 . See casnad, casnaide. casulcha foda . . . fair (of Christ), RC viii 362.10 .

With adjj. in dvandva compds.: barr casbláith mar chorcair, IGT Decl. ex. 641 . folt casbude fair, LU 6294 (TBC). int ech aile ┐ sé casmongach caschǽl, TBC-I¹ 1977 . caschōel, 2559 (cos- ?). brat caschorcra, LU 7324 (BDD). lenna casdercca, TBC-LL¹ 5534 . Caireand Casdub, RC xxiv 190.6 . Clidna cennfínd casetrocht, BB 374a30 = chnessétrocht, Metr. Dinds. iii 210.20 . In n. pr. m. Casmael, LL 1112 . C. cas-mer, Metr. Dinds. iv 122.6 . robo chassūr crann a gae, Rawl. 77a23 .

With adjj. derived from nouns: hua Cuind cassherlaich curly-locked, Fing. R. 668 . dá ech . . . cassmongaig casschairchig, LU 8594 `manes and tails curled' (Henderson), FB 45 . Casciabach, .i. rechtaire in rig, MR 22.7 . moṅg casdrumnech barrbuide wavy and curly, IT iii 472.121 . ulcha crutach casdualach (of Hector), BB 427a34 . cendard cassetnach (étan), IT iii 246.80 . E. . . . mac Ailella Casfiaclaich, Corp. Gen. 129.28 . bratt caslongach corcra (cf. 2 longach), ZCP xiii 170.33 . corn-ḟolt caslonnrach, Abbott-Gwynn p. 335 . mor ceand caistrillsech with curly tresses, Alex. 133 .

? docamḟolang casbhuarote (: nglasḟuarote), IT iii 92 § 139 .

casnaide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. casnaide or dil.ie/8319

 

Forms: casnaige, casnoidhi

n (appar. cas + snáithe. Otherwise Met. Dinds. Gloss.). casnaige m., IGT Decl. § 2 . Similar in meaning to casnad: casnoidhi gl. scindula, Ir. Gl. 253 . doringni O. . . . / liathróit do ch.¤ in craind ` shavings ', Metr. Dinds. iii 248.90 . dia fūair in casnaidi lasin sruth, Fianaig. 38.16 . caisithir c.¤ a chul , Auraic. 3499 . gilidir c.¤ cóir `white as fair wood-shavings', Ériu iv 94.15 . ? a mullach Droma tinde / ní fo laighi acht casnaidhi, Acall. 3934 . co tochrad c.¤ a gæ . . . forsin n-usce, RC xiii 464 § 73 . cosmhuil do chúl . . . / re cluimh no re casnaidhe, BS 18.18 . ? fa chasmail chroinn chasnaidhe, IGT Decl. ex. 612 . ? mór mbarr bentur don chruine / lecthar crann le casnaighe, ex. 85 . is maith fá chasnuidhe d'abhlainn íad `of the crumbs of their wafers', Tribes of Irel. 44.8 . do bhein chasnaighe do bhun bonnsaighe, AFM iv 900.12 (casnad ?).

1 cath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cath or dil.ie/8344
Last Revised: 2019

 

n u, m. IGT Decl. § 95 .

(a) battle, fight : fo béesad fir téte do ch.¤ , Wb. 9a3 . in chatho gl. proelii, Ml. 34a20 . amal dunem-side nech iarna chúl hi c.¤ `behind him in battle', 112a5 . fon ch.¤ gl. sub Marte, Sg. 44a1 . dochum in chathai, Cáin Ad. 17 . fuil fearthar a c.¤ , Laws v 142.9 . d'ēt chatho `through seeking a battle', Ériu xvi 146.4 . glond catha comramaig, LU 8957 ( FB 71 ). cuimling móir ┐ catha etir Ulta ┐ Un Neill, Lat. Lives 19.9 . nocha comhain cath fiora battle does not spare men (prov.), Hugh Roe² 186.6 . amail ch.¤ sula gl. palpetratione (leg. palpebratione), Ériu iv 182.x . catha, ┐ urtha, ┐ irgala (of types of stories), Laws i 46.4 Comm. Of individual battles: cath Muigi Tuirend, Airne F. 187 . i c.¤ Aird Ladrainn, MacCarthy 156.z . Cath Moigi Slecht . . . ainm in katha-sin, Ann. Conn. 1256.7 . In Cath Cathardha (title of text), CCath. p. 2 . Of spiritual warfare: teannobthor c.¤ ar an chloinn temptation, Magauran 2217 . go gceanglam ar gcorp san gcath, Aithd. D. 80.43 .

As descr. gen.: ciṅg catha, Fél. Aug. 24 . ina cipi . . . catha, Stair Erc. 1513 . lán do chonfadh catha, TSh. 1073 . d'écin catha ná comlaind, MU² 172 . gan fhíor catha ag C. he fought against odds, Aithd. D. 33.22 . cen līn catha imbi sufficient to do battle, TBC-I¹ 335 (see 1 lín). míl catha, Fél. Ep. 275 . róe catha = c.¤ : re catha `a battle of war', Laws v 300.x . gnúsi námat i rói chatha, Tec. Corm. 9 . See 1 cró.

In phrases: cid cia ar ar cuirestar ceist in catha whoever was worried about the outcome of the battle, MR 166.14 . ar cor cestu (cesta, v.l.) an morcatha dim, CCath. 3784 . c.¤ fri x battle against x (somet. with Vn. force): oc c.¤ fri diabul `in fighting against', Wb. 23d8 . c.¤ fri Demon détlae, Fél. Prol. 242 . co ticfat do chath fri A., PH 7279 . With vbs. of offering, giving, winning, losing etc. : for diabal ro brisis c.¤ , Ériu xix 15 § 13 . robris c.¤ . . . for demun, PH 4732 . conboing catha cróchombág, LU 8352 ( FB 24 ). indiu cuirthir in c.¤ , 3661 ( SCC 32 ). tabairt catha do Assarib, Ml. 34c11 . maní dene chathu oc ditin do thuathe, 37c15 . gniid cathu, LU 3415 ( SCC 18 ). ita in c.¤ oca ferthain, 3664 ( 33 ). do f[h]resdal c[h]atha do C[h]onn, ML² 198 . du frithteirissem in chatho gl. ad resistendum, Ml. 83a11 . do fhuacgra catha fair, Stair Erc. 1653 . mebaid c.¤ ria Sīl C. . . . for Coin-Corb, Corp. Gen. 27.23 . See maidid, maidm, roínid. gidh roimhe do-chuaidh an cath though he won the battle, Aithd. D. 33.22 .

(b) troop, battalion : tinol catha, LU 3367 ( SCC 15 ). flaith fri Nīall ro chathu clói, Hail Brigit 21 . is na cathaib gl. in acie, Gild. Lor. 23 . ciṅgset inna c.¤ co fí, LL 336 . ba cain géim a chatha company, Fél. Prol. 139 . c.¤ do lucht na catrach group, BB 414b34 . na seacht ccatha boí san fFéin, Duan. F. ii lvii 29 . c.¤ Aodha Find . . . / gibe díbh gebhus righe family, BNnÉ 258.w . tréanaingil Dé i gcathaibh iata, Hackett² xxxii 103 . More specifically: tri ch.¤ ┐ .x. cét ar fichit cét cach catha, RC xvii 416.26 (Tig.). trí catha na Gnáithḟéine, ┐ trí mhíle san ch.¤ , Keat. ii 5155 .

Of animals etc.: secht cat[h]a deg do bochrudh (captured cattle), AU ii 506.20 . in cath crumh the army of worms, Aithd. D. 80.27 .

V. freq. in composition, with nouns in sense martial, warlike, military , with adjj. (in battle, as regards fighting ), and with adjj. derived from nouns. Somet. tautological ( ¤imairecc, ¤irgal), and freq. as alliterating prefix. A few permanent compds. ( ¤barr, ¤ḟeis (see cathais), ? ¤ḟer, ¤réimm ( ¤ech), etc.) are given as separate entries.

With nouns: go ro chinned . . . a cath-oirbert `valour in battle', MR 114.y . coras croith asa cathurlaind, LL 31787 (TTr.). a chatharm catha, LU 6425 (TBC). clú i ccaithbhearnaibh ` battle-gaps ', O'Hara 3400 . Conchobur caid cathbernaid, Rawl. 165b32 . caithbili Cruacan (of a king), ZCP ii 336.9 . caoga bliadan a righe nErenn do ┐ cathbuaidh do frisin re sin, BCC² 245 § 5 . Cathbuadha Conroi (name of tale), Anecd. ii 43 § 3 . Of crozier of Colm Cille: bachall C.C. . . . adberas Cathbhuaidh fria, TFrag. 230.6 . ra leiced a chathbuali . . . dó i cath na ṅGréc he was given a wide berth(?), LL 32298 ( TTr. 1486 ). sithithir slegh . . . airde cach cathbuailedh, TBC-LL¹ 5601 `compact body of troops', TBC St. Gloss. do reblaing . . . i n-a chathcharpat serda, LU 6479 (TBC). hi caithfheis ┐ hi ccathchongraim battle-gear , Hugh Roe² 264.26 . Conchobar cath-chingid, Metr. Dinds. iv 126.38 . ? cathclái gelbdai, SR 4227 . soí frit churad cathchlessu, LL 13781 . amal bid tre ermúru no tre cathcliatha gl. ut per propugnacula, Goid. 65.4 . sé cét elefinnte cona cathc[h]liathaib foraib lán d'ócaib (of howdahs), Alex. 568 . cathcliatha aidbli umaide . . . do diden a corp `cuirasses', TTebe 1434 . mac Cāirthinn in cathcobair, Corp. Gen. 9.47 . hi cathchomlond, BDD² 810 . cathchoscradh re nD. . . . for A. `destructive battle', AU i 270.13 . ro gabastár a chathcriss curad taris (of Cú Chulainn), LU 6415 (TBC). tréad an chathchraoi-se Criomhthainn, Measgra D. 54.80 `of this embattled land', Gloss. trena chathétedh, Cóir Anm. 200 . fer i cathfochrus bruit deirg, TBC-I¹ 71 `in a battle-girdle (?)', Faraday. ac sirgairm ┐ ag cathgairm a mic, TTebe 3588 . dog-nitea cliatha cathghaisccedh, Anecd. ii 25 § 6 . Nīall is Dathī co ccathgoil, ZCP viii 109.3 . cath-garrdha coraigthi do curadaib, MR 224.11 . in gach caith-ghliaidh, Leb. Gab.(i) 208.25 . A. nar' clói chathgreim ` battle-might ', Gorm. 16 . feis fōit ind ōic inda cathgreimim co matuin sleep under arms, Corm. Y 245 . meic Morna in cathgrinde, Acall. 2153 `battle-phalanx', Gloss. cathimairecc itir da ua Cernaigh battle-encounter , AU i 247.5 . a[c] cur na c.¤ asa cathlaithrechaib `positions', Ériu viii 38.23 . tri cathluain glana, Anecd. ii 61.y . cathluirech dluith drolach, CCath. 5211 . na cruadh-celmaini cliatha cathmaitti (maidid, maidm) ` battle-rout ', 4313 . mo chathmerge cenand battle-standard , LL 18597 . S. cathmīl cōemḟata, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 17 § 2 . Cathnia nepos Guaire, AU i 274.5 . cunach dernat C. a catharcuin, Caithr. CC 46 . cathrī crāides / crīcha, Corp. Gen. 2.43 . āeris trī cētu / cathrōe battlefield , 56 . lia rīg a cathrōe ┐ a ndūnad ┐ a cāin ┐ a ndliged, Corp. Gen. 92 (Rawl. 127 a 43) ; 'military obligation', The Kingship and Landscape of Tara 110 . ni fuigli co ngoí cathroí, ar ni fríth ni fuigēbthar brithem bas fíriu cathroí, 'do not undertake a duel in falsehood, for there has not been found and there will not be found a truer judge than a duel', AM 64 § 31 , GEIL 211 . rob tu mo cathsciath, rob tu mo cloidem, Ériu ii 89 § 5 . ? fri cathslait cairi comlain, SR 3258 . cathṡluaig, Acall. 5429 v.l. da cathuaithne . . . iarnaidhi, TBC-LL¹ p. 817 .

With adjj.: soighde cathalaind (leg. -aille), TTebe 3808 . in cath-amra (subst.) `the famous fighter', Metr. Dinds. ii 64.2 . lasna Collu cathchalma, Trip. 536 § 30 . lēo . . . / cathchob(b)ur fond of battle(?), Corp. Gen. 8.12 . slán do chlainn cathgloin Ceallaig of the bright battalions, ZCP viii 230 § 16 . in mír don Choin chath-labhair ` battle-boasting ', Metr. Dinds. iv 180.15 . cathlabhar .i. do labhradh a cc.¤ , O'Cl. fir na cerda cath-mire `martial', Metr. Dinds. iii 272.28 . ic Cumull chath-mór, ii 74.32 .

With adjj. derived from nouns: clanna . . . cath-airbeartacha ` warlike ', MR 118.18 . curaid caín . . . cathbúadach, LU 3913 ( SCC 42 ). fo chích curad / crēchtaig cathbūadaig, Sc.M² 15 . an cathbuadhach (as subst.), Blathm. 257 . cathchorach cruaidrī skilled(?) in battle , Corp. Gen. 9.49 . cathmiled . . . cathchoscrach victorious , LL 13469 . mac cathlínmar Cumaill `of many battalions', Fianaig. 78.11 . C. cath merggech, IT iii 82.1 .

With vb.: do shíl Chuinn, roscath-métaig `that made it great by war', Metr. Dinds. iv 208.80 .

claíne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. claíne or dil.ie/9339

 

n , f. (cláen)

(a) unevenness, crookedness, slant, stoop(?): for fonnad cen chul .i. for carpat cen chlaine, LL 24569 . it é teóra anmi fil for mnaib Ulad .i. cluíne ┐ minde ┐ guille, LU 3256 ( SCC 5 `crookedness', Gloss. a stoop(?) ). gan chaime gan claeine (of a well-aimed cast), IT ii2 139 n. 10 . ges do colladh claine cind `with head inclined', Leb. Cert. 12.9 . an iall gan chlaoine `straight', Aithd. D. 81.7 .

(b) Of eyes, squinting, squint: cua ainm na claine isin tsengaidilc, TBC-I¹ 2611 . cen chloeine na suilib acht amal no betis fri grein, LB 127b42 .

(c) Of hair, waviness(?): meisde th'fholt cam a chlaoine / gan locht ann acht an fhéire `only too lissom is thy wavy hair', Aithd. D. 11.17 . ar chlaoine i gceibh `in the flowing of her hair', Magauran 999 .

(d) the name of a metrical fault (see cláen): ar lochduibh . . . mur atá cáoiche, no cláoine, IGT Introd. 2.25 .

In n.loc.. Ua Dúnáin Dhomhnaigh Maighe Dá Claoíne, AFM v 1290.y (an. 1507) (`of the two slopes', O'Donovan).

Fig. in moral sense, iniquity, perversion, wickedness; bias; in pl. evil deeds: do cach ceneoli cloine gl. iniquitati, Wb. 3b25 . sóifitir i clóini gl. in omni seductione iniquitatis, 26a21 . hi lloc á cloine gl. in locum . . . iniquitatum suarum, Ml. 28a10 . ni ba cián ṁbete oca cloinib, ibid. arinní gnís in peccad ┐ i mbí . . . in chlóine, 29b11 . con rancatar huaisletaid cloine son gl. ad summum impietatis, 90d20 . ba sab indarbai clóine (of Patrick), Thes. ii 314.6 ( Hy. ii 23 ). scarad frisin clóini, Fél. Ep. 424 . do mórath cecha firinde. Do dinsim cecha clóine, Hib. Min. 327 . do cosc gacha claine, Laws i 8.19 . issed is [ ] leisin cenn, caendirgud a memor don claine for atait `error', iii 34.26 Comm. ní bus dír clóine anything to which (the word) iniquity might be applied(?), Ériu ii 202 § 17 (bes cil ┐rl, v.l.). ar bélaib ríg na claíni (sc. the Devil), LU 2416 . dlighidh claoíne cuindreach iniquity calls for chastisement, Ériu xiii 22.5 . forsna rigu . . . bite co cloine ina pecthaib perversity, PH 6230 . fá fhreagradh a gcúis i gcúirt gan chlaoine, Keat. Poems 916 . ? a ndiuide nó a gciuineas nó a gclaoine, 835 (`disinclination', Gloss.). Attrib. g s. soiri domnaig . . . gan gnim cloini, Anecd. iii 21.5 .

clann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clann or dil.ie/9365
Last Revised: 2013

 

n ā, f. (Lat. planta) IGT Decl. § 40 .

(a) plant, planting; off-shoot; produce : inna clainde gl. plantationis, Ml. 102b3 . amal bid claind no clantais (as vn.), 63b9 . nua-chlandib(us) gl. noualibus , Études Celt. xxii 212 § 62 . clanda (gl. propagines) offshoots, Thes. i 3.24 . ni tesseba de cona chlana toruth cechtarda sin offshoots (of a tree), Vita Br. 35 . daib lugbort caín co clannaib súalach, Trip.² 645 . is ann āsait clanna in terra intan nodaguire sōl, O'Mulc. 65 . docechnad . . . fora maige comtis ambriti . . . cacha clainde, LU 10950 . etham taulchach . . . is e maith do cach cloinn ┐ da cach torad olcena, O'Curry 252 ( H 3.18, p. 146 ). Cf. Ériu i 39 § 4 . da trian clainne ┐ etha ┐ blecta, LL 635 . is i uir in talman dogni silad na c.¤ cuirtir inti, Auraic. 5653 . c.¤ a glande .i. torad craind, sic is torad [duini] oinchlann, O'Mulc. 199 , cf. 287 . mar shamhail do chloinn i gcnaoi `a kernel in a nut', Aithd. D. 90.9 . an gescca tóirtech co cclannaibh sualach .i. Berach, BNnÉ 23.x .

(b) Fig. of the growth of the hair, springing locks, tresses : folt didiu cland totim `a plant of falling(?) (i.e. which grows downwards?)' (s.v. folt), O'Mulc. 568 (prob. compd.). foighéga a ch.¤ bfíthe bfionn, Rel. Celt. ii 303.4 . folt na n-órch.¤ . . . gcas, DDána 49.3 . soillse ch.¤ id chróchbharr chúil, Magauran 953 .

(c) children, family, offspring; a single child; descendants, race, clan : tuistiu claindde, Wb. 28b17 . fo besad fir trebuir crenas tíir dia chlainnd cid risíu ro báe cland les, Wb. 29b23 . a pridchas dia claind no dia mmuintir `to her children or to her household', 11c8 . hó bói mo chland et mo chenéel, 29d6 . intan ṁberes claind is failid iar sin, Ml. 129c8 . primiti a clainde `the first fruits of their children', 99b5 . inna clanda gl. posteros, 122d1 . dun chlaind gl. proli, 107a10 . inna clainde ón gl. successione continua, 109c11 . hua chlaind fri claind `from generation to generation', 100b4 . Iadumdu .i. cland Essau, 26b15 . amochland `O my child', Sg. 204b2 . a maire a grian ar ccloinne, Blathm. 597 . nech . . . bes cráibdech . . . din chlaind, Thes. ii 239.3 = cenél, 1 . na ríg di chlandaib Cualann `clans', 295 § 5 (SP v). ní amal fogní athechán orbugud a chlainni, LU 10279 ( Tochm. Em. 21 ). ōsar na clainne, Corp. Gen. 43.1 . is sī c.¤ Lugdach Hūi Ochrai descendants, 28.6 . ar ḟer . . . na festar cland na cinél dó, IT i 127.14 ( TE 13 ). a clanna no a nadmanna no a ratha her sons, Laws ii 382.14 Comm. (`agreements'). clanda Gaedil, LL 338 = fini Gaedil, 344 . aenfer rob ḟerr . . . tanic d'ḟuil na Adham-clainne, RC xviii 182.2 (Tig.). dias cloindi . . . .i. mac ┐ ingen, xiii 9.7 . nir ghabhsat clanna, acht c.¤ Neill, / Erinn, MacCarthy 426 § 1 . na clanna ┐ na cenéla `tribes and nations', Ériu ii 196 § 10 . go ruc sī triar do c[h]lainn . . . dō, ML² 605 . comrac clainne Calatín children, TBC-LL¹ 2917 . is iat na hobrigthi glana cland na hanma, PH 7813 . slaníccid claindi Adaim, 3862 . is tu ba cland dam-sa dar eis mo mac, TTebe 2103 . an ch.¤ oirrdhearc éinfhir `the famous Only Son', Aithd. D. 77.1 . an Aodhch.¤ rer dheacar dréim, DDána 79.4 . fearr beagán cloinne ná c.¤ (i.e. a single child can be better than a large family), DDána 27a . 1 ; cf. 4 . do-ní éanmhac ionad cloinne, Aithd. D. 77.1 . an tsaorch.¤ ionmhuin óg (of a single child), DDána 41.18 . cf. Magauran 2217 . tinneas a cloinne `pains of child-birth', Donlevy 348.22 .

In wider sense, márgrían inna clandsa bands , Fél. Dec. 18 .

Compds. With adj. clannbhuidhe a chúl cam a chiabh yellow-tressed, Magauran 222 . an cing cabarthach clannlínmhar . . . Finn prolific, CF² 1251 . tré chúigedh clannlínmhar Connacht, 602 . Oilill . . . / céthach clannmaith clothamra `rich in children', Leb. Cert.² 156.26 . bái fo cumachtu clannmór with numerous offspring, SR 6802 . ga chéibh . . . clannuir chais, Rel. Celt. ii 302.11 .

With adj. derived from noun. folt úr clainndleachtach (clandleacthach, MS.) `properly arranged', Magauran 933 . moltchroiceann clannollach (`fleecy(?)' Gloss.), Cath MT 169 .

With noun. tú in crann ós do chlannaicme race, O'R. Poems 25 . do chuimniughadh a gcaradra d'a gclannbhuidhnib ceneoil, MR 96.y . clannchaolach na gciabh gcam `trellis-work of the curving braids', Magauran 973 . ionnúa ro genair on cclainnfhreimh comnairt common stock, Hugh Roe² 302.4 . do Chonall cona clandmaicne, Dinds. 132 = Conall . . . ┐ a cethrar mac, ibid. is innte ro tusmit clannmaicne A., CCath. 3865 . Lir . . . cona .uii. macaib .xx. ┐ cona ch. archena, Acall. 5118 . cúic mic dég do chloinn atá ag Finn a fhégmais a c. fén, CF² 207 . an té as fhearr dá gach aicme / as hé as ceann don chlannmhaicne `family', Studies 1924, 243.16 . hi ccodhnachus a ch. `command of his people', AFM v 1724.12 . ar a son fein ┐ a c. (pro se et generacione sua), Smaointe B. Chr. 5395 . errla Gormlaidhe . . . / . . . / suairc an clannmhuine cam ceart thick tresses, Magauran 1041 .

1 cleth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cleth or dil.ie/9453
Last Revised: 2019

 

n ā, f. IGT Decl. § 39 (91.13) . See Ériu xviii 99 .

(a) tree-trunk, tree : a bun cleithi na crand, BB 497a13 . cleatha ag fás . . . a cnuas `the tree's growth from acorns', Dán Dé ix 26 . an úir . . . / ag brosdadh ar chlúimh na gcleath the foliage of the trees, DDána 106.22 . do sgeach dhonn / cleath chorr do-chíthe ós do chionn (to a hill), Ir. Syll. Poetry 31 § 1 . dá cleathaibh ceannchroma, 70 § 2 . nach faghar éinchleath aimrid, O'R. Poems 3753 . deargcna cleath go caol gcolptha (i.e. the tree bending with the weight of nuts . . . ), O'Hara 4062 . ubla ag fecadh na gcleth gcorr, IGT Decl. ex. 528 . trí haithriocha fhear nEamhna / glainchleatha feadh bhfíneamhna `bright stalks', O'Hara 272 .

(b) house-post, stake, pole : is bēsad na cleithe, is balc oc lār, is caol oc clēithe, Corm. Y 275 . clí .i. cleath, O'Cl. cleath gl. tignus [tignum], Ir. Gl. 485 . guth domadbat trie clethae (: domincrechae, leg. -a: -a), Liad. and Cuir. 18.15 (`through the wattled wall' ? leg. between the posts). sesrech oc tabairt cecha clethi, LU 8059 ( FB 2 ). ro brisiset cleith di clethaib ind rigthige . . . conid sí conar dollotar a mná chucu isin tech, 8371 ( 25 ). in rightheagh . . . ┐ a chleatha . . . do credumae ┐ a cael d'airgid, IT iii 195 § 34 . la tabairt forgoba inna bruinni co mboí isin cleith fris anall (the man pierced by the spear was between the king and the wall), LU 4369 . in cu araig do nomad cleth on dorus, [┐ ni cuaille crin cuachda], Laws iii 412.20 Comm. ar-sesar clithem cletha `the spearman(?) sat by the houseposts', Ériu xix 82 § 6 . cona farcaib cleith no slait no scolb . . . nadicsed as a inad, LB 216a59 . do thighibh bláithe cleath gcorr with tapering posts, Ériu v 58.103 . roga ro-ch.¤ ┐ slemain slatchaolaig, ML² 1065 . co rug Eochaidh a chend leis a teach Theamrach co rochuir for cleith cháerthaind, Metr. Dinds. iv 272.15 . cor chland cleatha ann (as a sign of taking possession), Ériu xvi 66.82 . trī maic B. . . . ciatarochlan[n]sat cletha hi Temuir, ZCP viii 313.18 . sáid in cleith lium ol Ciarán, SG 73.10 . a gcleath do chor i dtalamh, TSh. 6969 . By extension, of a musical instrument (cf. use of crann): ní reich a diomdha ar a dáimh / gidh iomdha dháibh go gcleith gceoil `with their harps', Magauran 3986 (cf. also clíath cíuil s.v. clíath).

c.¤ chengail tie-beam, cross-beam (?). Fig. mar ch.¤ cengail ar in síthcháin `in order to clench such peace', Caithr. Thoirdh. 9.14 . mar chleathaibh ceangail ar an bhfál bhfírinne `as binding wattles, as clinchers', Gloss., TSh. 6714 . cleith cheangail ar charcair an chrábhaidh (of God's grace), 1470 .

(c) spear : in cath . . . / ba cummasc claideb is ch.¤ , LL 29033 . clansat cletha dogra trít, 952 . scarthain risin slóg saer suthain / nachar chlaen re clethaib, SG 353.6 . ac bualad cleithi ar slinden h. Conchobair, Ann. Conn. 1342.3 . mor c.¤ tre choluinn, Fen. 376.20 . fan gcleith nó fan gcloidheamh, DDána 98.21 . laoich ag géarughadh chleath gcaol, O'Hara 2547 .

(d) goad : casaidh cleith ndírigh ndóibsigh / d'óinsigh eich . . . , IGT Decl. ex. 733 . atáid bríathra an eagnuidh amhuil cleatha ┐ amhuil tairngidh ar na ndaingniughadh (`goads'), Eccles. xii 11 .

(e) Fig. warrior, chief : rochuir cath Carmain in ch.¤ / Fiachu Labrain `the chieftain', Metr. Dinds. iii 460.13 . Conoll in cleath nemdaer, 362.82 . a cathmílid . . . ┐ a cléth bága (of Achilles), TTr.² 1621 . da laech . . . da comlaid catha, da cleith ugra, Cog. 56.y . cuailledha trēna Tuathail . . . ┐ cletha cosanta Cuind (of the colamain Temrach), ML² 1363 . a chleath Eamhna, Aithd. D. 37.33 . bláth na gcleath `the choice princes', Content. xxx 37 . Cf. ar cleith mBóinne `the princess of the Bóinn', Aithd. D. 11.22 .

(f) Of hair: a bharr na gcleath gclaon `of flowing locks', Aithd. D. 54.5 . earla fiar na gcleath gceiníl `wavy hair tressed in native fashion', O'Hara 1911 . Cf. a chúl fionn na bhfaichleath gcas, Magauran 2506 .

(g) In phr. cletha cridi(?): crū a cleithib cridhe crūaid, / fuil a feithib . . . , ZCP vii 299.15 .

(h) Of uncertain meaning: o ro gabsat cóir na c.¤ / nocorb allic dóib teched, TFerbe 621 . cruth glacanach / cleath liac lupanach, IT iii 98 § 158 . cleath ag leith dá toigh mo theagh `my house stands as a supporting buttress to her castle', Aithd. D. 1.15 (leg. cleath i gcleith which may have a technical sense? Ed.'s note). muna mbeath [a] each is a ara / do ba [a] leath cleath dala dhóibh, DDána 110.34 (`half of them (his troops) would have been an encumbrance(?) to them', Ir. Monthly 1920, 264 ).

Compds. With noun. clethail chachta (? leg. -aile c.), Arch. Hib. ii 48 § 4 . Con Corb cen nach clethalt (2 alt), ZCP xii 436 § 8 ( LL 4854 ). maith ro cumad in cleathbhaile / sa clochtaighe, IGT Met. Faults § 58 . clethblugaid Ērenn, armach Line, airsid Āi, ZCP iii 466.26 (Baile in Scáil) (= 2 blogaid). da churaid, da chlethbriugaid, TBC-LL¹ 5376 (prob. read -blugaid). cleth caillti . . . do slegaib `forest of spears', MR 224.1 . cona tuighi co clet[h]coilltibh aigh, CCath. 4980 . Art cen chleth-cheird fo chaire `A. whose skill of spear was faultless', Metr. Dinds. iii 368.23 ( LL 20890 ). ¤chlann: Mael Sechnaill . . . de chlethchlaind Chuind Chétchathaig, LL 15931.17240 . cabsaid cach cruach fa cleth-ḟál `wattle hedges', Hy Fiach. 194.3 . a ccleathLuidhne `Luighne of the lances(?)', O'Hara 3065 . ¤orddan see below s.v. cleth-ard. clethcumgugad a cliab-asnaid ag a comdrud i cenn a cheile, MR 256.21 .

With adj. a shluagh Caisil cleathaluind, Caithr. CC 6.16 . ¤ard: Senan . . . c. .i. ar clethordan, LB 241a23 . cleathard .i. clothard no clúard, O'Cl. in Cletiuch dno is clethbuidig catha, ZCP iii 242 § 42 . Druim Cetta clethcháin (: noem g s.), RC xx 140.15 (ACC Comm.). ríoghradh chleathchorcra Chonnacht `red-speared', Studies 1920, 566 § 9 . go Domhnall gcleathchorr gCairbreach, DDána 64.31 . do chionn Cheallachain chleathchuirr, Caithr. CC 25.10 . Conla clethgarg, LL 15056 . BB 47a54 . ón Bhúill chuirmthe chleithghil `overhung with white branches', O'Hara 1775 . do ṡíol chleithleabhar Chonuill `long-speared', TD 7.47 . gu Croit Cualachta clethmhoir, Lism. L. 4764 . fri muintir Crimthaind cleth-núi, Metr. Dinds. iii 164.22 . tri deichnemhair fa sgeimh sgol / na bhḟein chleithremair . . . , LL 394.2 . slóigh cleithreamhra `stout of spear', Aithd. D. 19.13 . co Cathair comsech clethrúad red-speared, LL 25312 . clethruad Cualann `the red shafted hero of Cuala', Ériu xvii 40 § 15 . gilla . . . / catlas i Casiul chlethruad, LL 19427 .

With adj. derived from noun. cona borbsluaghaib cletharmacha coisidhedh, Caithr. Thoirdh. 15.9 . barr cleathmhongach na gclodh lag `with a sheltering mane', TD 2.23 . d'úib comraicmera clethuillecha . . . Cinndergáin, Caithr. Caithr. Thoirdh. 130.22 .

clúm, clúim

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clúm, clúim or dil.ie/9680
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: ā, clúmh, clūim, clúime, cluma, cluim, cluim, clúm, cluma, clúmh, clúimh, clúimhe, clúmh, chlúimh, chlúimhe, chlúmha

n (Lat. plūma) Orig. ā, f. O. and Mid. Ir. forms: n s. clúmh, Ériu xiii 40.12 . clūim, Corm. Y 342. 1018 . g s. clúime, Fél. Prol. 126 . inna cluma , RC x 76.11 . a s. or d s. cluim, Anecd. i 6.9 ( SCano 165 ). cluim, LU 1853 . clúm, SG 111.22 . PH 7400 . n p. cluma, LU 10478 . clúmh f., IGT Decl. § 39 . clúimh m. and f. (g s. clúimhe), § 45 . clúmh m. (g s. an chlúimh , an chlúimhe , an chlúmha ), § 46 .

(a) feathers; plumage, down : a múr chlúime `out of abundance of down', Fél. Prol. 126 . biadh ┐ ēdach lōghmar, clūim ┐ coilced, Corm. Y 1018 . īar comso clūm ┐ cēol, ZCP x 45.15 . co ráemid an cholcid . . . co mbatar a cluma for folúamain immon tech, LU 10478 . cur bo brec faithci an longphuirt dia cclúmaibh, TBC-LL¹ 2237 . ba lan a chorp . . . do clumuibh gleghealaibh amal cholum, Lat. Lives 108.y . pill cuilcthe clúimhe, SG 364.36 . áile suidhe n-árd n-esartha i mbí clúmh chubhaidh cosartha, Ériu xiii 40.12 . dogensatar ind eoin . . . sliachtad inna cluma cona nguilbnib, RC x 76.11 . in coilech ar mbeim a chind ┐ a choss ┐ a ch.¤ . . . de, LB 222b40 . cosmhuil do chúl . . . / re cluimh no re casnaidhe, BS 18.18 . feis oidhche gan chluimh a ccoill `without covering' (a feather-bed(?)), 120.25 . coimhgheal le clúimh eala, DDána 49.10 . dúil a leaba chlúimh ní chuir, Ir. Review 1912, 472 § 9 . go ccerchaill chlúimhe fóna ccennuibh, RSClára 112b .

(b) Of the hair or fur of animals: clūim .i. caol-sēim .i. ceilid (sic leg.) in srōin ima mbī, Corm. Y 342 . leth feola ┐ clúmh uili, . . . cethraime feola ┐ leth cluimhe, O'D. 937 (H. 3.17, 659a). daimh gheala gu cluim foda, Marco P. 10 . clúmh buabhuill, 162 . gné chlúimhe na gcaorach, Ir. Syll. Poetry 63 § 5 .

(c) Of human hair, eyebrows; fer co caschluimh (sic leg.), CCath. 7 . 'ma súil gcuirr-se do cumadh / a coimse do chlúimh mhalldubh, DDána 99.30 .

(d) Of the pile of cloth: a dhuine, ná déana ceasacht | ar chlúimh th'éadaigh, ar a dhlús 'o man, do not complain of the nap of your clothes or their thickness', Giolla Brighde 240 § 21 . clúmh an bhrait, PBocht 20.27 .

(e) vegetation, herbage, foliage : glas clūm (cluim, v.l.) caille clithaige, Ériu vii 4 § 4 ( LL 13662 ). go tteilc gach dos dlaoi da clúimh, ZCP viii 222 § 8 . at c.¤ claisse co clothblad (to Emain Macha), LL 2566 . an úir ar n-osgladh dá hioth / ag brosdadh ar chlúimh na gcleath, DDána 106.22 . nocha bhí clúmh trés an gcreig / nach creid a Rí . . . dhuid, Dán Dé xxix 26 ( IGT Decl. ex. 1121 ). níor léig graifne greagh síthe, / . . . / clúimh ar fhionnmhaoilinn t'fhaithche `grass', Studies 1922, 410 § 5 . earradh clúimh tiomchal gach tuir, TD 1.5 .

? a hairdarcus, a clūim, a carpat (of the central province of Ireland), Ériu iv 163.25 .

Compds. With noun. ar gcor cuairte an chlúmhaile, DDána 109.5 (`the mossy stone(?)', Ir. Monthly 1920, 482 § 5 ). do chalb rop colt clúmelta `feathered flocks', RC xx 404 § 122 (ACC Comm., B. na f.). Hence: cluimhealta .i. badhbh no feannóg, O'Cl. clúimhearla (see airla) coillteadh, O'Hara 3050 . Fig. a bhláth clúimhfheadha cheiníl of the leafy wood (to a lady), DDána 74.67 . folt clúmhraon gcam, 114.21 (`downy', Ir. Monthly 1920, 165 ).

With adj. go ceann-tirim, clúmh-álainn, Atlantis iv 134.19 . ar brat corcra clúmhchruinn with level pile(?), Magauran 1247 (`shaggy(?)'). croicenn clumdub ceatnaiti, MR 186.7 . dfheólaibh . . . ccethnatmolt ccluimhéttrocht `white-fleeced', Hugh Roe² 284.15 . co ceann-trom clúimh-fhliuch, Atlantis iv 134.12 . ag breith . . . a ccethnat cclumhfhoto chuca, Hugh Roe² 34.11 . do chethnattaibh cluimgheala, 122.24 . leaca mar ṡídhealaidh . . . gclúimhiodhain, Aithd. D. 72.8 . atá fá áonbhárr uaine / t'féighe corcra clúmhnuaidhe with fresh herbage (to Ireland), 23 G 24, 272.6 . ug circe clumruaidhe, MR 28.z . taisteal h'uilleadh gclúimhthiogh gcorr thickly clothed with vegetation (of Ireland), Measgra D. 50.35 . cofacca . . . in deilb ndochruid / coscháil cennléith clúmchochlaig `bushy-browed', Ériu iv 102 § 44 . ¤dérai(g)the see 1 dérgud.

1 coilér

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 coilér or dil.ie/10111

 

n o, [m.] (Engl. loanword. From AN coler, Risk § 12 .). c.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 35 . collar; of armour corselet, neck-piece: alaind do chul tar do choler, IGT Metr. Faults § 56 . c.¤ a sccapail, BNnÉ 89 § 188 . muinéal geal fá choiléar chróchda, Keat. Poems 199 . clārc[h]. cressa . . . fo chóel a chuirp `stout corselet', Fianaig. 84.29 . d'iomad do cholg is do choiléar, Magauran 3233 . cotún coiléìr rionnta, DDána 111.21 .

con-sní

Cite this: eDIL s.v. con-sní or dil.ie/12316
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: consni, c., -chosnai, consniat, consniatt, conasniat, cossain, cossan, cosnad, cosnam(h), consniad, -cosnad, -cosantai, -chossena, cossénait, -cosenad, -coisenta, -cossentáis, consēnai, conasensat, cosnaid, chosnoda, cosnam

v (* com-sní-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 633 ). Ind. pres. 3 s. consni, IT iii 14.3 . c.¤ , Ériu xiii 41.6 . -chosnai, LU 6597 (TBC). -chosna, TBC-LL² 2414 . 3 p. consniat, LU 9455 . consniatt, O'Dav. 516 . With -ad-: conasniat, O'D. 668 ( H 3.17, 489b ). Ipv. 2 s. cossain, LU 6372 . cossan, TBC-LL² 4628 . 3 s. cosnad, Ériu iv 228.5 . 1 p. cosnam(h), TFrag. 228.11 . Subj. impf. 3 s. consniad, Ériu v 36.26 . Pass. ? -cosnad, TBC-I¹ 3447 (rhet.). -cosantai, Ériu viii 176.1 . fut. 3 s. -chossena, LU 8791 ( FB 59 ). 3 p. cossénait, TBC-LL² 4139 . Condit. 3 s. -cosenad, TTebe 684 Pass. -coisenta, Caithr. CC 4 § 8 . 3 p. -cossentáis, LL 37649 . Pret. 3 s. consēnai, Thes. ii 315.3 (see ed. note and ad-cosnai). Cf. consníghseat, BB 18b20 . Perf. 3 p. conasensat, ZCP viii 313.31 . Later as simple verb cosnaid, cf. perf. pass. ro chosnoda , LU 9387 .

Vn. cosnam. Part. cosanta . . . ó phecadh, RSClára 150b . IGT Verbs § 44 .

Contends; contests, strives for, wins, gains: later also defends; costs: ind ríg consniat a rríge, LU 9455 . for nim consēnai a ríge `strove after his kingdom', Thes. ii 315.3 .i. rochosnastar, 23 . is e . . . cotascara ┐ cotasni it is he who destroys and persecutes(?) it (the Church), Rule of Tallaght 84 § 65 . Cf. O'Dav. 551 cited s. con-soí. do chosain . . . a thír, LL 380b46 . rígi nUlad ní chosnai, MU² 942 . in ferann cossántai which ye are striving after, ZCP xxx 111.24 . is iat da ferann do chosainsead fir Muman ar eigin `gained by force', RC xxiv 186.18 . ní cosantar it is not disputed (chev.), Ériu xix 96.w . na saoithe chasnamhadh machaire, O'Rah. 76.80 . flaith . . . chosnus tnúdh `who wins devotion', Studies 1919, 75 § 18 . cossénait a mná will defend(?), TBC-LL² 4139 . `erstreiten', TBC-LL¹ 4981 . dias carad choiseónas mé `who will guard me', A. Ó Dálaigh xxx 10 . cia hagainn is ferr choiseónas Ére, CF² 254 .

With prepp.: cumhacht . . . lé ccoisenadh é féin ar bhás might protect himself from death, Ó Héodhusa 55.3 . nó co cosnar as éidedh bus fearr ó'n fedain úd `until as its price from yonder folk I win a better' (of tunic), Caithr. Thoirdh. 107.37 . ní rochosna nech aile / ní dot anim tartési none can obtain aught for thy soul, Ériu i 201.8 . con[s]níad nert cāich giallu dó should win, Dinds. 6 . ní hé uaisle ar fhás ar a chúl / chosnas d'fhior iath wins for, Ériu xvi 134 § 49 . a ghlaca n-a gcosair chró / do chosain dó maca is mná (of Christ crucified), Dán Dé xxiii 8 . dá dhaoire dá ccoiseónadh dhamh however much it cost me, Desid. 1687 . ro chosain Eocho lethrigi ṅUlad . . . fri M. contested the joint sovereignty of U. with M., LU 2955 . ní chosna nech frim he (of curadmír), 8974 ( FB 73 ). Cruithnig conasensat in flaith friu, ZCP viii 313.31 . nach maigin consnai(d) fris a indlighedh, O'D. 531 ( H 3.17, 431 ). consníset frisan sluagh nechtrand they fought against, Hugh Roe² 64.8 . consníghseat im flaíthus na S., BB 18b20 . consnisett . . . siol N. . . . ┐ siol N. im flaithes na criche disputed, Leb. Gab.(i) 202.7 . coiseónaid thú ót uile antoil will protect you from, Desid. 6968 . cosnann sí an t-anam ó stoirm, Párl. na mB. 2174 . bile ētrocht . . . isin cnuc, cosnied co niula ara airde towered towards the clouds, Dinds. 40 .

? consnítis (síntis, v.l.) moa sengúalaind `wont to be twisted', Ériu iv 102.14 . Cf. consíntear .i. choiséntar, O'Cl.

corann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. corann or dil.ie/12428

 

Forms: coróin, -óna, -óine, corand, carann, caráin, caróin

n ā, f. (Lat. corona) later (see LU 2053 infra) coróin g s. -óna, -óine. corand f., IGT Decl. § 54 . ? carann, PBocht 7.33 (see n.). coróin, caráin, caróin, f. § 42 (coráin proscribed form).

(a) tonsure; crown of head : cen chorin gl. uelato capite, Wb. 11c10 . haec clerica. coroin, Ir. Gl. 76 . salmcetlai[d] ┐ cleirech co corainn, O'Curry 318 ( H 3.18, 176a ). dala na coirne `tonsure', Ériu v 22.1 . corand coir claisi cremthuind, IT iii 17.16 . in prīmfāith . . . cona choraind, MacCongl. 123.31 . díchuirthi gruaca . . . ┐ co n-arroeta corne, Ann. Inisf. 136. y . berrait a choraind ō a chūl crown of head, O'Mulc. 726 . rogabus coróin choir / . . . 'san Roim tonsure, Fen. 104.w . ó ḟir choirne tonsured cleric, IGT Decl. ex. 1393 . húda cóirne ` skull-cap ', Ó Bruad. iii 138.11 .

(b) crown, chaplet; circle: innacorne gl. in modum coronæ, Ml. 24a6 . coirnea gl. coronas, Thes. i 497.21 (Ardm.). corond . . . / delccu `crown of thorns', Blathm. 51 ( coróin, PH 2855 , DDána 51.4 ). C. / assa érchain c.¤ , Fél. Nov. 25 . haec corona. coroin, Ir. Gl. 75 . co cathairib ┐ chorónib carrmocail, LU 2053 (FA). cathbarr coróni na cat[h]rach nemda, Todd Nenn. 69.x ( LB 139a3 ). cona secht cornaib imme ina chind `seven-filleted crown of butter', MacCongl. 89.10 = cona choraind, 123.31 . coróin dlúith da scíathaibh, CCath. 1865 . coroin coscuir cuimlenga crown of victory in a race, TTebe 2424 . coroin righ, Stair Erc. 549 . ina srethaib ┐ ina corónib (of people), LU 2047 (FA). ina coroin doib a timcell reilcce Rathain, BNnÉ 310 § 33 . méud chorōna na glōire, Parrth. Anma 6437 . corōinneadha do rósaibh, Trompa na bhF. 6942 . lé comhall do choróin tsaxan, AFM v 1716.x .

(c) Of coin: timchell fichet mīle corōin, Fl. Earls 178.29 . trí coróinnidhe d'ór, Eochairsg. 111.34 .

(d) Of various kinds of rosary : a Chorōin Mhuire do chūicc deicnebhair, Celtica i 212.103 . coróin na maighdine . . . Muire = Corone or Rosary, RSClára 152a . Corōin Mhuire do rádh, Mac Aingil 5069 `Franciscan Crown of the Seven Joys', Gloss. an Choróin Íosa, Parrth. Anma 3667 .

In n. pr.: Cū-choirne, Corp. Gen. Index . M. mac Conchoirne, AU i 588.15 .

crét

Cite this: eDIL s.v. crét or dil.ie/12881

 

Forms: cráet

interr. (see 1 cía and rét). créd . . . cóir, IGT Introd. § 16 . cráet, Corp. Gen. 405.5 , etc.

(a) what ? With copula: c.¤ sút ?, LU 4019 ( SCC 47 ). crāet adbar bar n-anūabair ?, ACL iii 238 § 1 . créad an fáth ? ` why ' ? Dán Dé xxii 4 . créad dó (sic leg.) what had he to do (with) ? Content. v 88 . créd agaibh aoidhigh a gcéin `whence comes it that ye have guests from afar', Bard. P. 20.1 . do fhíarfaidh . . . de cred é in duine sin, ZCP xi 124.14 . bídh a fhios ag an liaigh créad aní is folláin . . . iarras an t-othar quid salutiferum . . . petat aegrotus, TSh. 8214 . cret is lepuidh ar leith ? Laws ii 178.z Comm. With other verbs: cret ticc ritt what is the matter with you ? IT i 122.1 ( TE 7 Eg.). craet dofaeth don gaiseo ? RC iii 178.22 . ní chluine créad chanaim-se, Timth. 1917, 61 § 8 . créd atá na ndefhoghrachuibh which of them (the vowels), IGT Introd. § 1 (1.11) .

(b) why ? (expld. as cia ar rét, RSClára Introd. p. 30 ). cræd fofrīth litir? why were letters invented? ZCP xii 294.16 . [nimh] do chneadh créad nach caoinfinn?, A. Ó Dálaigh xxviii 10 . créd nach naithninn a chúl cas?, Rel. Celt. ii 242.25 . créad mar do choisgis dod reabhradh?, DDána 105.20 . an bhreath créad nach cuimhnighim?, 11.8 . crāed 'mar mill[is]-siu mo reacht? why hast thou violated my law? Ériu iv 176.10 . For c.¤ rendering wherefore (= for that reason) see Ériu xv 182 (RSClára).

(c) As indef. gidh créd do íar whatever he asked, IGT Decl. ex. 1377 .

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