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caur

Cite this: eDIL s.v. caur or dil.ie/8406
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: cur, corad, curaid, churaidh, choraidh, curaidhe, churadh, curadchomhlond

n d, m. Also cur (see GOI 51 ). ? g p. corad, Fél. Prol. 167 . Later n s. curaid. g s. in churaidh , Duan. F. ii 52 § 74 (see Gloss.) d s. ón choraidh , PBocht 13.27 . n p. curaidhe, ML 14.12 . f. in: an churadh nár thláth (n s.), Párl. na mB. 2285 .

Warrior, hero : roart c.¤ , Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 25.10 . cernach c.¤ , Corp. Gen. 9.8 . no daimtis cauraid cára, 283.11 . dál inna caurath, LU 8750 ( FB 56 ). sian caurad (feat of Cú Chulainn), 5972 (TBC). do neoch ba sruthem . . . inna caurad, 4980 = ina churad, TBC-I¹ 491 . in c.¤ cétach, Metr. Dinds. iii 154.33 . nar c.¤ rus romaith (.i. trenfer .i. daghlaech), Ériu ii 3.5 (B. na f.). déca a churadu co mbríg, LU 3600 ( SCC 30 ). ni faigebasu curaid caín . . . bádam fiusa, 3912 ( 42 ). dollotar . . . a triur churad, 9037 ( FB 79 ). is cur caín cathbúadach (of Cú Chulainn), 8956 ( 71 ). cach curaid a gleó, ACL iii 227.37 . da chur ┐ dá chainnill (of Castor and Pollux), LL 31110 ( TTr. 295 ). fo chīch curad / crēchtaig, Sc.M² 15 . cur cat[h]ach, Corm. Y 398 . ? C. cona churu (cor dar curu, v.l.), Anecd. i 49 § 20 . roordaich curadu (curaidh, v.l.) croda re cathugud, TTebe 2715 . Uilliam Congcar [cur gan locht], Aithd. D. 38.17 . ? Cf. in cuir cruaid, Fen. 220.8 . i n-aimsir na gcuradh ┐ na Féine, TSh. 5754 . in c.¤ ┐ in cathmilid, TTr.² 27 . cauraid cholma, Rawl. 84a41 . ceann na gcuradh gcaithinnilte, DDána 89.13 . a mír churadh is chugam do díorghadh, Keat. Poems 1595 (see compds.).

Attrib. gen. warriorlike : a céim curad, MacCarthy 178 § 4 . a adhuath errad ┐ a chruas churadh (of Hercules), Stair Erc. 1348 . i n-a c[h]rom-ruathar c[h]urad, ML² 277 . gurab eirghe curadh / bidh ulad cech cúile, BNnÉ 308.y . dá shúil churad, RC xiii 82 § 89 . fled chaurad a feast fit for warriors, LU 8795 ( FB 59 ). 8821 ( 62 ). míad curad cathbúadach, 3847 ( SCC 38 ). As n.pr. m.: Cáur mac Da Láth, LU 5987 (TBC). .u. Caurith, 6522 (TBC).

In compds. the form is curad-. With nouns: curadchomhlond ` heroic conflict ', TTebe 3098 . curadmír warrior's portion : Incipit Fled Bricrend ┐ in Curathmír Emna Macha (title), LU 8038 . do thabairt in curadmire do neach díb, 8972 ( FB 72 ). go dtarla imreasan fá'n gcuraidhmhír idir Chonall Chearnach ┐ Choin gCulainn, Keat. ii 3072 . With adjj.: i nDruim Chetta churadchoem of the fair warriors, RC xx 138.17 (ACC). cuingedha curadhcúisecha ` hardy warriors ', ZCP vi 29.15 . See cora(i)d, 3 curach.

commus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. commus or dil.ie/11534

 

Forms: cumas, comas

u, later o. Vn. of con-midethar (see GOI 450 ). cumas, comas m., IGT Decl. § 53 .

(a) act of controlling, arranging, directing : c.¤ termuind do chathrach . . . co Droma B. limits of sanctuary, Trip.² 2766 `power', Trip. 235 (perh. `extent', note). cosin sechtmad mac imlessan . . . do ch.¤ a ruisc isa tech to direct, LU 7055 ( BDD 71 ). fri comus a mbesa `to assess their tributes', Ériu xii 162 § 2 (TE). dáig a gaili da chomus to restrain his valour, MU² 682 . deogh cen c.¤ immoderate drinking, ZCP iii 25.7 . con-a atmaille can ch.¤ , LL 16106 ( Todd Nenn. 252.8 ). līn a rē / fri c.¤ in chōicid-se `the length of their reigns over this province', Ériu xvii 46 § 38 . ? C. gan churu commais, LL 2621 .

(b) Usu. power, ability, capacity : comos .i. compos . . . é nō commes leis for cāch, nō commesrugud coda dōib, Corm. Y 330 = coimmess, Corm. 12 . commos .i. a compos graece .i. potens , O'Mulc. 234 . comus gl. potentia, Thes. ii 236.15 . ad coimse mo chrod dot chainmacniu, Fing. R. 485 `you are capable (of taking) my cattle', n., where Ed. compares at comsa mac F. frim, Sc.M² 15 . fotrochess ot'mórchoimsib who deprived thee of thy great powers SR 1746 . lat-so na huile comse olchena `all other functions . . . are yours', Ériu i 44.12 = choimsi `powers', RC xxvi 372.22 . ? ar scís a comasaib gaile, LL 30618 = oca scél-baile, Metr. Dinds. iv 26.24 . eochair chomais coinnmed, ZCP vi 270 § 6 . marcach na ndūl / danī dar c.¤ comsidib, ACL iii 235.7 ( Aithd. D. 61 ). bar sairi ┐ bar c.¤ féin, CCath. 5071 . i cceardcha cliste an chumais (of a síd), O'Hara 3440 . do ní deilbh fa dheilbh chumais, Dán Dé xxviii 38 `agent', notes. solāthar do dhénamh dóibh do réir . . . chumais na háite = according to the possibility of the place, RSClára 21a . lucht cumais, Keat. Poems 492 .

With obj. gen.: comus miodhchuine, Ériu xiii 25.7 . commas pende ara faoendel `to fix any penance for such straying', Mon. Tall. 62 (151.20) . ni léo atá c.¤ t'anma the power of life or death over you, LU 6379 (TBC). comus nime `the power of bestowing heaven', Laws i 14.6 Comm. tucad . . . na gillai con ┐ comus fiadoig do, ZCP xiii 254.16 . let fein comus t'ingine, RC xiii 9.17 . cumas m'anma d'ionghaire, DDána 21 A.4 . do chumus féin self-rule, Aithd. D. 79.2 .

With follg. FOR power over: ni bia c.¤ for foglaid, LU 9748 . ni fuil comus [di] for immenn, Laws ii 386.9 Comm. gin comus marcach na srein forro (of panic-stricken horses), Marco P. 113 . ? ó tá [a] chumes ar Dhia thall, Celtica iv 135 § 78 `influence with God', Gloss.

With prec. prep.: cen chummus gan cetugud do in spite of his efforts, TTebe 2493 . tathbeim ┐ beim co cumus a controlled (powerful?) blow, IT i 273.z ( FB 40 Eg.). faebarbéim co c.¤ , TBC-LL² 1651 ( TBC St. 1692 ). Goill . . . dá mbeadh dod chumas, Aithd. D. 26.30 . ní bfuilim féin dhom chumus `I myself have not the power' (I cannot control myself?), Ériu i 20.76 . béimm fo ch.¤ `a well-measured stroke', Triads 118 . tuc urcur fo comus dó `a powerful throw', CCath. 2961 . cen bá Ailill / fót ch.¤ tabairther, LU 5477 (TBC). fo ch.¤ ┐ fo chumacta P., LL 32591 ( TTr. 1795 ). dibertsat fou cumus C.C. a rige, Ériu viii 172.6 . no leicead na husce estibside fó a chomus in tan ba laind leis as he wished, LB 235a58 . roleigedh as . . . fo chumus was released under restrictions, AU ii 408.11 . bud for bar comus a cathcharpait at your disposal, Alex. 232 . do-ratsat in tir fora comos, Grail 1033 . a-tá ar comus don choimdhigh / gan m'éra it is in the Lord's power . . ., Bard. Synt. Tr. 37.12 . maith na cruinne ar chumas damh, DDána 37.29 . acht go mbia Caitir-íona / ar cumas díona mh'anma able to protect, Measgra D. 25.68 . ceinbes ichomus coirp ┐ anme, Thes. ii 244.30 (Cambr.). Compd. cumasónna weak, Measgra D. 32.13 .

con-cuirethar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. con-cuirethar or dil.ie/12039

 

Forms: cocur

v (cf. con-ceird, 1 cocraid): tonna mora . . . inna churchān flescach fann / for Conaing concoirsetar, Bruchst. 39 § 92 `arranged themselves against', CS 76.13 . dicedal concuir in file composes , O'D. 1191 (H 2.15, 78b). cia concorad cét churu dúra dedoirne `though he contract first covenants firm (and) sure', O'Dav. 736 . ginib do conn comraitear concurtar gach nae, O'Curry 1770 ( 23 Q 6, 37 ). ? conralat conralsat (rhet.), ZCP xii 362.30 . tangadar bharsan áth . . . ┐ conroladh doibh ann they fought there (rel. con-?), RC xv 66.10 . See con-lá.

Vn. cocur.

foégem

Cite this: eDIL s.v. foégem or dil.ie/22648

 

Forms: foeigim

n (éigem) complaining, raising an alarm: as legal term warning; protesting, objecting: is slan don fir frisnā dālann co foeigem—┐ indles iar foeighem `the man with whom she has made no assignation is safe till she screams, but it is illegal after screaming' (of a woman assaulted) Laws v 274.17 Comm. foegium cin innarba arsaig aithgin (.i. ... tarrustar aithgin o fir foeghme do gres), ii 300.21 ( ZCP xiv 378 ). SM Facs. 34b . cach fuasnud iarmotha sin (.i. iarmota foeghium im churu), Laws ii 292.20 = fuasnad .i. fuaidri no foeghemh, O'Dav. 951 . ma 's bo flaith foeigium for fiadnu `if the chief gives warning before witnesses' Laws ii 306.19 ( ZCP xiv 381 , where Thurneysen reads foeigim gen., but cf. foeigme in Comm. above, and see éigem).

íarmothá

Cite this: eDIL s.v. íarmothá or dil.ie/27035

 

(compd. of subst. vb., see GOI § 775 , Pedersen Vgl. Gr. § 321 ) adv. and prep.

(a) Referring to past time,

(i) prep. after: na sen .i. a n-ais iarmotha na hocht mbliadna ochtmoghad over 88 years, O'Curry 1881 (< 23 P 3, fo. 21 ). iarmota secht mbliadna ... iarmoth (sic) secht mbliadna, Laws ii 196.8 , 10 . iarmotha sin `from that out,' 128.12 Comm. comraind coitchend do cach oen | iarmotha sein ni seól sáeb, LL 14b15 . iarmota foeghium im churu after an objection to the contracts, Laws ii 292.20 Comm.

(ii) adv. afterwards, then: ar ni hindud nech diaraile iarmotha. .i. uair nocha denunn nech innudh no inas da ceile tar in ni adurumur romuinn iarumh a haithli na secht mbliadhan, Laws ii 218.15 - 17 . co nómad n-aó, it bothaig ... it senchléithe íarmithá, Críth G. 327.

(b) Referring to future time, henceforth, hereafter: cid iarmitha deud gl. etiam in posterum, Ml. 58c16 . ni thiber dilinn iarmotha darsin ndomun, Rawl. 70b4 . isse romm-ain i.¤ | conna toithus la fianna `tis He will protect me hereafter,' RC xxiii 316 § 49. gébas Ailech armothá ... nī fitir nech coich na cia, Arch. Hib. ii 50 § 34. ní clóechloim cruth armothá I change not shape henceforward, Ériu iv 154.16 . fil suil nglais | ... noco n-acébá í.¤ | firu Érend ..., LU 309. ni ro arrthraidi in t-usqui armotha isan inad-sa acht corap mag tairtheach ... o sund amach may water not appear in this place henceforth, YBL 164b25 .

(c) at any other time: miach ar caileach cein n-iunas, leth-miach iarmotha, Laws v 82.17 Comm.

(d)

(i) prep. besides, beyond: íarra lat i.¤ sein, Arch. Hib. ii 95 § 36.

(ii) adv. besides, moreover: ni ḟuil mo thoisc armotha | acht airm no dot-ḟaccur-sa, RC xiv 402.6 . it he in cethrar armotha `(they) are the four besides,' Reeves Ad. 277.3 . ni traigh damh topur teachta forsambi o seanathair co hiarmua is gradh iarmotha, IT iii 5.15 Cf. íarmobí.

1 inge

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 inge or dil.ie/28638

 

Forms: i.

(? 1 ing) ingi .i. acht, LU 9969. inge ar acht, ata acht lium and `i.¤ signifies except, I make an exception here,' Laws i 52.22 Comm.

I As a conj.

(a) except: i.¤ intan bas rann int ṡillab `except when ...,' Sg. 25a1 . i.¤ nama asrubairt iarsin docuiredar marb for talmain `scarcely had he spoken ...,' Ériu ii 122.12 . i.¤ bid ainm Scéne bias forse | bid fert Erennán ..., LL 12b36 . ni comul fri nech ingi fria rig namma, IT i 142.10 . a chlerig coisc in figill | i.¤ fo a thrí notairind, LL 365 marg. inf. inge ná almost: i.¤ ná tíagad a huirc eicgi essi, BDD² 1233.

(b) inge ma unless, except: ol ní comacomol que i.¤ mad etarscartha `unless it be separated,' Sg. 75b5 . i.¤ mad la rig no epscop, Laws v 410.z . gialla fri rind ga i.¤ mad bes la cinel, 216.21 . i.¤ ma as do taetsatt `unless it was out of it ...,' 138.15 . ocus o bias, i.¤ ma ferr and when there is such a one ... only if he is better, iii 72.z Comm. ní rágsa ol se i.¤ má doberthar Findabair dam, LU 5718. nim torg ni aide aile ingé mad Concobur, ZCP v 503.13 . Fir Bolcc imorro ro machtait uile isin cath sin ... i.¤ madh beg, Leb. Gab.(i) i 150.21 .

II As prep. regularly folld. by acc., occasionally also by nom., which however may be due to the influence of 1 acht see Thurn., ZCP xvi 183. except, apart from: i.¤ .uii. nuasal churu nadat asu do thaithbiuch `except seven noble contracts ...,' Laws iv 210.1 . do neoch ro bo dír a recht aicnidh ingi a chreidim, O'D. 538 (< H 3.17, col. 433 ). i.¤ tri-baegail (sic leg., see Thurn., loc. cit.) n-aigneda, Laws i 90.y . ní fil i.¤ cethēora flathi issin bith, ZCP xi 86 § 44. ar a mbertar co na iarraidh uadh uile i.¤ bo bainde, cen ni do ria i.¤ aon bliadhen, Laws ii 176.y - z Comm. ota hindua co hiarmua, i.¤ cumal senorba `except in regard to the `c.s.',' iv 38.13 . céd cecha cenéla anmand oca i.¤ bruic nammā, Corm. Y 685. ni fil claideb ina intiuch i.¤ claideb craind, LU 5640. serc bethu cé is miri | ingi adradh Rīgh nimhi, Fianaig. 16 § 48. domessart i.¤ bec `ich bin fast schon erlöst,' KMMisc. 212.5 . ní deachatar slóigh ele ... i.¤ cenel cConaill, AFM vi 1962.2 . Used with acht : i.¤ acht (= acht inge, AFM ii 618.20 ) dī ōenbliadain | nī thesta dom thrī fichtib except for , ACL iii 312.1 .

III As interjection with adversative force, but ! nay !: i.¤, ol si, cid no taí, LU 1678. i.¤ táet ferthaigis fri Máel Dúin, 1803 . ? To this : ingé ropad limsa ol sésim adpand do seinm don cleiriuch (Eds. suggest reading itge for i.¤ but perh. transl. nay ! would it were mine to play ...), Mon. Tall. 131.28 . cia bad dóig diar tiachtain ? Inge ém meni tised in gilla bec, TBC-LL¹ 841.

taithmech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. taithmech or dil.ie/39902

 

Forms: taidbech, thaimniuch

n o, n. O. Ir. taidbech. vn. of do-aithbig. thaimniuch (d s.), PH 6162 . See taifnech.

(a) In Laws dissolving, annulling, invalidating a bargain or contract : nad cumaic nach breithem ... do taithbiuch nach ni fogeba i Senchus mor, i 18.2 . .vii. nuasal churu nadat asu do thaithbiuch, iv 210.1 . taithmeach n-udburta `revoking grants,' v 450.14 . do th.¤ diuburta `for the purpose of breaking a fraudulent bargain,' v 210.11 Comm. a comirlabradh fir in taithmigh .i. in bretheman, H 3.18, 232a ( O'Curry 425 ). im sent.¤ `for old expired contracts,' Laws i 192.18 Comm. amrigain ... conach cóir do rig ... a t.¤ as coir ` divorce ' (but perh. refers to the analysis of the word amrígain, see (c)), i 42.1 Comm. Note also : cotach cen t.¤ , SG 377.8 . noberad breatha fíru ... ┐ ní chaemsadis filid ┐ breitheamain ... a t.¤ , Ériu v 20.9 . taithmeach .i. dileagad (MS. dligead), Lec. Gl. 284.

(b) loosing, releasing, undoing : taithmheach gach scaoilidh go scéimh, Metr. Gl. 30 § 54 . taithmheach .i. sgaoileadh, O'Cl. a th.¤ ... ó chúibrigib cinad (of the soul), PH 5993 . oc taithbiuch a fuilt, BDD² 18 . dogní ... taithmeach in claidib takes off the hilt of the sword, IT iii 200.18 . fri t.¤ a long unmoor , TTr.² 503 . gredan ... na cetri ngoeth ... ac taitmech a mimosclund, Cog. 178.z .

(c) Of words analysis, explanation : fri taidbech in chomsuidigthi in analysing a compound, Sg. 202b3 . triath .i. rī, tīr-sīth a t.¤ , Corm. Y 1202 . taithmech (sic leg.) masgail ┐ feimin, Auraic. 3439 . triana n-inde taithmeach (leg. as compd. ?) `through analysing their meaning,' 1319 (cf. RC xx 250.5 , Laws i 32.3 , Lec. Gl. 281 , ACL iii 248.9 ). aibghitear sunn feibh as teachta a thaithmheach, IGT Introd. § 1. 1 .

(d) breaking down, destroying : ac t.¤ na cathrach, LU 2794 . ag taithmheach an tuir, Hy Fiach. 20.y . Perh. also : uingi d'airget a t.¤ and, Laws iv 86.13 Comm. (of damage to fences, etc. by trespassing cattle, cf. ib. 20 ).

(e) Various : taithbech carat separating of friends, Ériu vii 160.21 v.l. = ZCP iii 26.17 . taithbech formait stirring up envy, Ériu vii 162.11 . taithbech ndebtha, 164.15 (see p. 186 ). álad oengae leis ac techt i n-duni ┐ tríchu farrindi ri t.¤ (the gae bolga), TBC-LL¹ 3875 . t.¤ na trath observing (? ), ZCP viii 214.32 . is luaimneach mo menma ... ac taithmeach sechnón na hElga ` wanders ,' O'Gr. Cat. 120.4. mo ailithri ... cen nach taithbech | hi cráes curaich, Anecd. i 63 § 109 . nican senchas sena tarrachtain taithbech rudartha, LB 101 marg. inf.

2 taithmechta

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 taithmechta or dil.ie/39904

 

Forms: taidbecti

gerund. of do-aithbig. to be resolved, analysed : taidbecti gl. enodanda, ZCP vii 482.3 . In Laws to be dissolved, annulled, dissoluble ; opp. of astaithe : na cuic curu ata t.¤ la feine, i 50.32 , glossed taithmigthe, 52.25 . thaithbectha, iv 206.15 . is t.¤ do mac saerleicthi itir churu ┐ cunnartha, v 286.14 Comm. is t.¤ aní naidhmther ar nech tre éigin, H 3.17 col. 434 ( O'D. 540 ). it taithmechtha a sochuir `die günstigen ... Verträge ... sind aufzulösen,' ZCP xv 311.25 . See also s.v. taimsitathar and taithmigid.