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ad-fen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-fen or dil.ie/438

 

Forms: ad-fenar, -aithenar, -aithidis, adfether, athfethar, adfither, aithid, aiti, aithe

v (* aith-fen-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 517 ). Indic. pres. pass. sg. ad-fenar, Laws i 256.6 . -aithenar, Sc.M² § 3 . Subj. impf. 3 pl. -aithidis, Wb. 21d11 . Fut. pass. sg. adfether, Wb. 20b7 . athfethar, Gael. 50, 140 ( Blathm. 977 ). adfither, Ériu i 68.17 . Later as simple vb. aithid. See also 2 aithnigid. Verbal of necess. aiti, IT iii 199.4 . Vn. aithe.

Repays, requites: digail .i. adfether do gl. portabit iudicium, Wb. 20b7 . asber . . . arandaithidisom di maith `he says . . . that they should requite it with good' 21d11 . aithgabail insin ad fenar fo fio ad fenar olcc anmuinib ad fenar maith muinib, Laws i 256.6 . mani atma flaith na fine nad innarbann, is aithgin ind. Ad-fenar, feib ro-n-erthar, ZCP xiv 382 § 46 (= Laws ii 308.20 ). ar asrenar fo-fia, ar is ó ulcc fo-fenar (adfenar, fofechar, MSS) olcc for evil is repaid by evil(?), ZCP xi 85 § 39 . nach urgais nad aitir co cend mbliadhna, O'D. 2233 (Nero A vii, 155-6). aither feich inbleogain air, O'Curry 766 ( H 3.18, 360b ). ? gin co haitaither, 506 ( H 3.18, 257 ). dianotecma slait / do bachla sdo chluic / fo déin cen ro aithe / na ro caithe a ccuit, KMMisc. 270.10 . nó go n-aithear m'adhbhar-sa till my grudge is settled, DDána 95.4 . ní aitheann i gcéadóir cion , 60.36 . ní hé gu maithfe tú an troighech / aithfe an crú sa soidech súd, IGT Decl. ex. 811 . m'olc féin is é do aithfeadh, Dán Dé vii 28 . Freq. in constr. ad-fen (aithid) x for y avenges x on y: ni haiti for neach . . . dia mbadh a n-inadh aco sin no digladh a fholaid, IT iii 199.4 . aithis in file fechair / a díbe ar a droich-ṡethair, Metr. Dinds. iii 56.37 . aithfimídne fort sa 'na ndeine d'éccoir forainn, BNnÉ 6.30 . cech ní dorigne-sim . . . fris in slaníccid do haithed fair, LB 142b41 . aithid air bar n-esanóir `revenge on him your insults,' MR 218.8 . co ro aithedh ┐ co ro dioghladh a ainninne for aroile, AFM v 1360.24 . do aith orainn ar n-ábhocht, Magauran 4200 . Cf. da n-aithea ferg Dé foraib, PH 2948 .

aicme

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aicme or dil.ie/805

 

n (with voiceless -c-, : maicne, YBL 140b3 ) f. Later m. and f., IGT Decl. § 1 . See Vendr. Lex., Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 61 . Perh. vn. formation from *ad-com-ben- Marstrander, Lochlann ii 206 (orig. io, n.?)

Race, family, tribe; genus, class: a.¤ insin di filistinib, Ml. 56b6 . aicmae di graecaib, Sg. 34b2 ; 106a7 . a.¤ becc i clíu Catrige `a small tribe in Cliu named Catrige', Thes. ii 240.13 (Ardm.). bo cacha ha.¤ , Laws i 136.2 Comm. cein beth graid feine don a.¤ , ii 48.5 Comm. deoridh ag nach bia coimlin a.¤ , O'Curry 289 ( H 3.18, 159 ) `? strangers who have not the requisite number to form a family', Plummer MS. notes. dibha na ha.¤ na geilfine, O'D. 737 ( H 3.17, 536 ). ba si sin in tres láechaicmi, LU 1620 . forolgais mór flathe fír / do a.¤ cech ríg mót rét, 4120 . tu mh'aiccme tu mh'fhine (Cú Chulainn to Fer Diad), TBC-LL¹ 3469 . a fini ┐ a hacmi, LL 22350 . ba leis crich cocthe cuire / iar ṅdith na ha.¤ aile, 688 . is dibside A. Rois Temrach, 3863 . athigh ┐ daoracmi do moradh dia neis, 407b26 . is o Thubal ro thaitne / bunad na trí n-ardaiccme, 17561 . d'acmib no cenélaib fer talman, 217b43 ( TTr. 64 ). tri seanoire don steana.¤ (sic, leg. ts-) ro chrochsad Crist, YBL 136b46 . i crich na naicme, Lism. L. 1927 . na naicmibh `in parties', Rel. Celt. ii 262.z . cerbo trī h-aicmeda re scailed iadsen, rob en a.¤ iar m-bunudas iad, Ériu ii 180.20 . dochúadar maithe na fēne ┐ a n-aiccmeda ūaisli leisin rí[g]ḟēinnidh, Fianaig. 52.4 . is iad a.¤ táinig ann an tráth soin .i. Dainfhir ón Dania, Keat. iii 2454 . ar saobh-acmaibh ní cóir cion / caomhantair glóir na nGaoidhiol, Content. x 8 . fir Éireann uile / ó a.¤ go haonduine, Hackett xliii 54 . Of animals: co tomhlacht an aicmidh / for faicthi Ard Lemnacht, Todd Nenn. 136.15 . a.¤ da ghroidh `some of his brood-mares', Keat. ii 4690 . Of a set of ogam characters (see GOI p. 10 ): cis lir a.¤ ogaim, Auraic. 5492 . a.¤ bethi so, 5668 . coic aicmi ogaim, 945 . Of groups of letters: aichnid do ara érgna / na ha.¤ na hilbérla, LL 172 . ga líon a.¤ ro cédchumhdaigheadh innte (viz. an Aibghitear), IGT Introd. 1.5 . Of groups of rhyming consonants: ní cóir connsuine na hénar [do chomhardadh] acht re connsuine dá ha.¤ féin, IGT Introd. § 22 .

aignes

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aignes or dil.ie/941

 

n u and o, m. (aigne) arguing, pleading; argument: lathar n-aigniusa, Laws v 100.z Comm. fiach aignesa fee for pleading, 412 note . mórán slecht aighnesa air sin, iv 258 note . gin ro airdi cin ro isli im aighnes, i 296.37 Comm. ordug[ad] . . . aignesa ┐ toicheda, O'D. 924 ( H 3.17, c. 656 ). graid aignesa, O'Curry 344 ( H 3.18, p. 19b ) = graid aignechta, O'Curry 1011 (ib. 429a). 'na hacchaid nir iarr aighnes, BNnÉ 196 § 22 . tuigid cách an t-aighneas úd (of an action for possession of chattels), Dán Dé ix 21 . déanadh Muire . . . aighneas liom an lá bhus díor plead on behalf of me, x 9 . cion uirre ní haighneas doirbh `it is easy to prove sin against it', xix 1 . léigfead beagán aighnis uaim / do dhearbhadh a ndubhairt mé `arguing', Content. v 2 . is feárr ciuine ná lúmparnach aidhneasa `lubberly contention', Ó Bruad. i 74 x . aighneas ceinn-treun, Donlevy 178 n.l . do cuimhnigh aidhnis in Tigherna di advice, counsel , Smaointe B. Chr. 2516 . Perh. also: o rochuala . . . I. in aines-[s]a doroine I. ris `when Jove heard the prayer', Aen. 758 . As quasi-vn.: báttar ag ceassnucchadh a ccaingen ┐ ag aighnes ima n-accarthaibh for aroile arguing their claims, AFM vi 2166 z . do ghabh Conghal ag aines fair disputing with, ITS v 156.27 . bí ag aighneas let fhear cumainn (to Mary), Dán Dé xv 14 . d'aighnios ris to reason with him, Job ix 14 .

1 airmitiu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 airmitiu or dil.ie/2280
Last Revised: 2013

 

n n, f. In phrase a.¤ féid (see 5 fíad). Vn. of ar-muinethar féid. act of honouring, respecting; honour, respect: a.¤ féid in chinn do thabairt donaib ballaib, Wb. 7d14 . 15a19 . amal dombeir in ben airmitin féith don fiur, 11c14 . ermitiu feid, Ml. 22a4 . ind ermitiu feid, 28a21 . inna ermiten feid .i. armbad mou de a.¤ feid ind aithisc, 35c23 . is e . . . ceta tarat airmitan feid do P., Laws iii 28.9 . Note also: airm in na robai fiadh na airmhitiu, Ériu ii 136 § 120 .

Without follg. féid: ní tartisset airmitin Dé `they have not shown the reverence due to God', Wb. 1b17 . 5d16 . tabair uait a.¤ iar sreith / do Adom . . ., SR 837 . ba mór ind a.¤ tra doratsat Ulaid do Chonchobur, LL 12465 . fogebad grad ┐ ermitin, Trip.² 332 . airmitin a aidi, 887 . icá onóir ┐ ica airmhitin, RC xxvii 266 § 9 . co somíad co n-onóir co nairmitin, LU 2460 . ropo máralt airmiten, 4312 ( SG 84.33 ). do altugud na hairmiden ┐ na honora moiri sin tucad do, RC xxiv 64 § 26 . ba mor a.¤ na hingini si oc Dia, Three Hom. 54.10 . fer co n-armitin chelli ┐ crotha hi tuaith ┐ a n-eclais a man admired for his sagacity and beauty, Ann. Conn. 1233.7 . mā beith tra do ūaisle ind ḟir grāid ┐ a airmidin in proportion to the nobility and the dignity of the ordained man, Ériu i 220 § 15 . cion ┐ onóir ┐ airmhidin air, TSh. 2742 . más barr é ar a n-oirmhidin, Content. x 15 . airmidin .i. onóir, O'Cl.

In pl. honours, privileges(?): Pardus . . . / cona huilib airmitnaib, SR 1488 . a hecna, a hairmitniu `her honour' (of Ireland), Ériu iv 148 § 27 . a hordan a hairmidniu (of Paradise), RC xxviii 322 § 51 = a hairmitiu, LU 2484 . aithbe oll ar th'airmitnib, LL 200a34 .

In sense of taboo (? `lit. consideration, caution, reverence for a supposed supernatural sanction ', Plummer MS notes): biaid a.¤ (airmitniu v.l.) fort ḟlaith . . . ┐ bid si do a.¤ (airmitniu dogrés v.l.) .i. do ghes (folld. by list of taboos), BDD 16 . But latter to be read airmit-siu, Celtica xxiii 47-48 . a.¤ .i. geis, H 3.18, 529 . airmide .i. geis, O'Cl. See airmit.

Sense not clear in legal phrase ainrecht (airecht, arracht) airmiten: fortacht co ndeithbire .i. in ni doni d'foirithin neich aile co ndeithbires aice budhein in t-arracht airmiten, Laws v 488.31 Comm. congnum .i. oc a ngabail anrecht airmiten fos, 490.18 Comm. cid fodera sin ┐ co fuil lan fir isin airecht airmidean?, 492.16 Comm. na huili borbgnímraid . . . isa riagal re airrecht airmiten um sláinti, O'D. 1567 (H. 5.15, 4a).

airther

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airther or dil.ie/2432
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: oirthear

n o, [n.] (see GOI § 266 ; n. gender may survive in forms cited under II below). Later m. oirthear m., IGT Decl. § 11 .

I

(a) front part: in n-a.¤ in tigi, BDD² 1006 . i n-aursain n-airthir thige, Críth G. 216 . i n-airthiur ḟoitsi, 590 . ar-sesatar cornairi āraith cuslennaich airthiur `the horn-blowers . . . sat in the front part of the house', Ériu xix 83 § 14 . langp[h]etir . . . itir cois n-īarthair ┐ cois n-arthir biis . . . aurchomal . . . itir dā c[h]ois n-airthir biis, Corm. Y 812 = iter di chois chind, LB. i n-airthiur a chind, TBC-LL¹ 257 . iar nairthur `in front', Laws ii 238.14 ( ZCP xiv 348 ). [i]ar n-airrter, Lism. L. 2221 . míl . . . airrter eich lé `horse's mane', 2217 . Perh. mistake for airtem in: ro buí a.¤ (airth— MS.) láime din claideb fria trúaill anechtair, BDD² 1004 .

(b) the east: dí gréin airthir Liffi, Fél. Dec. 9 . fir oirthir Midi the men of eastern M., Trip.² 843 . lotar iar n-a.¤ do Ch. A. eastwards , 2855 . i n-oirther Bladhma, Sc.M² § 23 . o iarthur co airthiur, TBC-LL¹ 839 . adíu go a.¤ ṅ-hErend, 5705 . ó oirrther an domhain, Parrth. Anma 3774 . iter in muir nI. iar n-airthiur ┐ muir nE. ar n-iarthur, TTebe 2605 .

COMPDS. ¤-deiscert the south-east: ind airthiurd. na hEtaile, Trip.² 244 v.l. ¤-mag, Anecd. ii 2.1 (airmag v.l., Airne F. 28 ). ¤-thúaiscert the north-east: dá rind ága . . . airthirthuascirt in betha, LL 221a29 ( TTr. 296 ). -thúaiscertach: i nulinn airthirthuaiscertaig na Dési, Trip.² 2329 .

II Of time: isin maitin mana.¤ morning of the second day following, TBC-I¹ 3089 (or pass. of mandraid?). lotar īarnanairter do eill A. the next day but one, ZCP viii 106.25 . dochodur arna n-orther co M., Ann. Conn. 1230.4 (= tangadar arna mharuch, ALC). amárach atá m'féil ┐ a n-oirrcher féil na ban-óighe the day after tomorrow (of Maedóc Ferna and Brigit, whose obits fall on Jan. 31 and Feb. 1), BNnÉ 275 § 254 . sul bus tráthsa nach n-oirrther before this time comes again, SG 73.11 . do toirmisgeadh truagh an cion / le síol Néill ar n-a noirthear (`n-a.¤ dhiaidh sin arís', notes), DDána 86.10 . aniú ┐ a márach ┐ a noirrther, Luke xiii 33 . Note also: oirthear .i. tosach aoise an duine, TSh. 172 .

básaigthech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. básaigthech or dil.ie/5450

 

adj (básaigid) mortal: duine básaighthech, Celtica i 169.31 . nemmbāsuighthech, 170.15 . a cion deidhenach basaighteach gl. fa ttanaicc a thiugradus, Leb. Gab.(i) 18 n. 12 .

brénaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. brénaid or dil.ie/6720

 

Forms: robrénsat, brénad

v (brén) is rotten, putrid; decays, putrifies; stinks: puteo .i. brēnaim, Corm. Y 1060. robrénsat gl. compotuerunt (= computuerunt, edd.) (et putruerunt), Ml. 58a15 . brénaitt a naon uair `became putrid', AFM ii 806.11 . ro bhrén ina bhethaidh, 1182.5 . ni bhrénann gémad fada no bheth astigh it (the cheese) does not go bad, C IV 2, 28vb6 . níor bhréun sé = did not stink, Exodus xvi 24.

Legal becomes obsolete, invalid: brenaid naidm .i. lobaidh as in naidm doniter co hinndligech, O'Curry 448 (H. 3.18, 240a22).

Trans. putrifies, renders putrid, stinking: daigh isa cion ron brena that putrifies us, AFM ii 618.12 = dāig isī in crī fotbrēna (is aigi notbreána, v.l.), ACL iii 311 ix § 4 . sceith . . . fo thír co mbrenad in tír (of a sea-monster), LL 22289.

Vn. brénad.

breth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. breth or dil.ie/6758
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: brith, -e, breith, breith, -e, breith

ā, f. vn. of beirid. O. Ir. also brith i (with g s. in -e) (?), see GOI § 294 (b) , 727 . Later usually breith (d s. form). breith, f. g s. -e, IGT Decl. § 14 (69.6) . breith, Verbs § 13 . m., Beatha S. F. 1088 ; but breath in the sense `judgement´, Ériu lviii 154 ..

(a) act of carrying, bearing : fer brithe lésboiri gl. acolitum, Wb. 25d3 . asrous iarom a brith they were unable to bring it (a small pig), LU 1743. tōet nech ūaib . . . dia brith to carry it (a vessel of milk), ZCP viii 310.9 . a corp du brid taris syr da adhnacud `his body was borne eastwards over sea', Ann. Inisf. 1260.4 . teachtaire . . . / re breith sgéal `to bring messages', Dán Dé xiv 1 .

(b) act of bearing, bringing forth; parturition, birth : b.¤ et altram , Wb. 10b1 . óg re mbreith cen chuit cleithe, / óg i n-aimsir fírbreithe `a virgin before bearing', Blathm. 639 - 40 . co mbeba dot breith (: chleith) / do mathair, LL 18503. ar thrumme inna brithe, 33190 ( Fraech 107 ). saer bru beiris brith `that brings forth', Laws iii 312.20 Comm. mar mhnaói ag breith = that travaileth, Isaiah xiii 8. re linn beirthe Chríost, Keat. i 46.23 . breith . . . ar Slánuightheora, Donlevy 448.10 . glasgeg darach fo brith `the green branch of an oak in bearing', RC xxiv 196 § 11 (see Cín Chille Cúile 99-100 n. 117 ). deich nuain do breith in aoínḟecht d'aon chaoiridh, AFM iii 608.7 . Med. womb : dortadh fola . . . on breith (= matrix, Vocab.), Rosa Angl. 26.3 . no a muchad na breithe ac mnaim suffocatio hysterica (see Gloss.), 92.3 .

(c) act of carrying away, taking (with one) (opp. of tabart), Frequ. with LA with ref. to logical subject of vn. phr. In physical and abstract senses: mad fíu lib mo ainechsa do breith less, Wb. 14a4 . a b.¤ ┐ a tabairt `its taking and its giving', Laws iv 48.1 Comm. nir lam didu nech do feraib Herenn a b.¤ leis `durst carry him away', RC xxiv 190.15 . rinn a bhaise do bhreith lais, Dán Dé xv 33 . gorta dom brith, Irish Texts i 35.26 . mórán . . . nach feudfadaois do bhreith leó (= non potestis portare, Joh. xvi 12 ), Eochairsg. 14.17 .

(d) act of carrying off, securing, winning (a game, etc.): breith nó caill na glóire `the gaining . . . of the glory', Donlevy 186.7 . fá bhreith . . . na maithiosa saoghaltha (= gain in Span. text), Desid. 2762. in ferann uile do breith don ingín a dualgus bancomarbais `all the land is obtained by the daughter', Laws iv 40.20 Comm. See díriuch, techtugad. Note also: sdíoma bruit h'eich imtheachduigh / dá breith dhuit re ndonnchorcair you prefer the fringe of your horsecloth to (a) crimson (robe) (?), IGT Decl. ex. 121.

(e) act of carrying off, away (from, etc. with meaning limited by prepp.): inna fecheman .i. do breith neich assom (dobreithnechtassom, MS.) gl. depraedationi . . . creditorum, Ml. 127b1 . mo máthair do brith a cacht to take . . . from bondage, Ériu iv 98.2 . ar iss ed a cert-som a findtid do breith ar fine (Comm.) `to hold their family-land against the fine', Stud. in E. Ir. Law 151 .z . brith in chísa út díbh, RC xxvii 294 § 58. ní inchoisget sidi ní iarna ṁbrith onaib rannaib frisṁbiat `after being taken from the parts of speech', Sg. 202b3 . dot breithsiu úanna `to carry thee off from us', Mon. Tall. 153.27 . nir' āil dōib a thaissi do brid dō ūaithib, ZCP iii 35.9 . cia forúair a mbreith chucca? `who caused them to be brought to her?' Metr. Dinds. iii 386.11 . mo breith co hArdmacha (my body) to be carried to A., Cog. 200.26 . A. . . . dom breth co sid sogar `A. . . . to bear me to gainful peace', Gorm. Aug 29. ba cōru ind eich uccu[t] do breith dond espug, ZCP viii 106.22 . narbo cuman lia muintir si a breith leo do Cill Dara `did not remember to bring it (sc. a flitch of bacon) with them to K.', Thes. ii 339.15 . ind aiccend do brith for antepeneuilt `the bringing . . . on', Sg. 216b1 . iarna breith sech ingru / for dindgnu secht nime, Fél. Ep. 119. da breith for nem to bring it (sc. the soul) to heaven, ACL iii 216.6 . a mbrith i ndoiri `to carry them into slavery', Ml. 33c13 . dod b.¤ i tech péne `to bring thee into the house of pain', Ériu ii 222.7 . dia mbreith in óitith `to bring them (back) into youth', Sg. 63b6 . gá breith a ceann choinghleaca (a horse), IGT Decl. ex. 1187.

With DO, FRI act of referring (to): a brith do israheldaib `its reference to the Israelites', Ml. 36c20 . 36c21 . 37a10 . á brithe do iudaib `of its reference to the Jews', 37a6b . a mbrith fri corpu peccatorum `to refer to etc.', Wb. 13d4 . a brith frisa ndliged remeperthe, 23c11 .

(f) bre(i)th for (ar) act of catching up on, overtaking : drem . . . do breith forro i mB. `came up with them at B.', Ann. Conn. 1260.14 . ticedh sī do breit a mbethaidh orum `let her come if she would find me alive', ZCP vi 99.14 . go bhfanfaidis re sgéala do bhreith ortha for news to reach them, Celt. Rev. x 142.14 . ba geis do flaithibh Temrach eirge ngreine do breith forra alla astigh do shecht múraibh na T., BNnÉ 324 § 39 . iar mbreith do chéd tosach an geimhridh ┐ don oidhche fa da fair `when . . . the beginning of winter . . . has set in', AFM v 1792.16 . oibre . . . ar nach fuil breith uair oile for which no other time can be found, Parrth. Anma 2411. ní fhuil breith air gan díommbuaidh gcatha do bheith ort `there is no avoiding defeat for thee', Keat. iii 936. fa bheith . . . ag breith amuigh ar an Eagluis Romhanaigh censuring (?) the Roman Church (lit. catching out ), Luc. Fid. 2818. ag breith ar láimh ar Dh. taking D. by the hand, Desid. 638.

(g) act of judging, deciding; judgment, legal ruling, interpretation: immess fírían do brith for cach, Ml. 103c15 . bím do bhreith le bior an troighigh / nach reic[h] cion an oinigh orm, IGT Decl. ex. 812. Frequ. in figura etymologica: is ón spirut rouiccius brith, Wb. 9b6 . éitset frisin precept et berat brith fuiri gl. diiudicent, 13a11 . berid cách brith for arele gl. suspiciones malae, 29b9 . ber brith étrunn, Ml. 38c28 . á rí beres bretha, Fél. Ep. 416. ag breith breithe, RC xliii 8 § 2. ergc co C. cor-ruca brith fort, Ériu ii 222.4 . a ghníomh do fhlaith béaraidh breith a prince's deeds shall judge him, DDána 91.9 . Note further: na bretha scribatar and in æpistolis , Wb. 17b2 . am gáeth i mbretaib, LU 10287 (TE). cosnum a breithe o ro-sn-uca `to defend his decision when he has given it', Laws v 252.9 . imtiagad breatha ilbruige, 466.15 . i mbreathaib aicnigh ┐ cuibse ┐ screbtra, 452.20 . satharn do brethaib, Críth G. 547. a mbreith údair `in the decision of an author', Leb. Cert. 204.14 . In titles of legal tracts: Breatha Comaithcesa, Laws iv 68 . ZCP xv 315.12 . bretha dein checht, Bretha § 1 . córus breatha neimead, O'D. 2189 (Nero A vii, 132a). See neimed. breith le báidh a partial decision, Content. vi 176. do chuir Molaise do bhreith aithrighe air dul i nAlbain `imposed as penance on him', Keat. iii 1358. ruc Ioseph doib . . . / breith cóir foran-aslingthe interpretation , SR 3270.

(h) In phrases: tuc a b.¤ fen do braigdib dó whatever hostages he wished, RC xviii 274.14 (Tig.). asbert Mugain frisin mbancanti dobérad a b.¤ féin di día mbenad, etc. whatever she liked, LU 4223. fuair Ráth bhoth a breath leannáin `R. obtained its chosen love' (in appointment of prelate), Arch. Hib. i 96 § xii . gon ar breith (sic leg.) dhó (gan air a chumas, v.l.), BNnÉ 158 § 11 (see Éigse ix 272 ). ata gach uile ní ar breith (no comas) don tí creitfes = omnia possib[i]lia sunt cre- denti (note f.), ITS xix 44.22 . ná bíodh ar breith a úabhair `let him not be led by pride' (Notes), Bard. Synt. Tr. 26. 219.22. tabhram fad bhreith / . . . / nua na calla `let me put 'neath Thy power', Dán Dé xvi 8 . an maor do bhí ar gach mbaile / tug Brian fa bhreith a dtoile `placed beneath the authority of its folk', Content. v 75. ní nár dhuit dol fár mbreith-ne `to yield to our judgment', vii 16 . Note further: tíachtain tar do breith `to transgress thy judgment', Ériu iv 134.22 .

(i) With various nouns: is fer bret[h]i budi ┐ oirbiri `a man great in thanksgivings and in upbraidings', MacCongl. 87.9 . is cóir buidheachas do bhreith ré Dia `to give thanks to God', Donlevy 6.15 . eolus do breith ann `to find out the way thither', MR 276.14 . breith do roghuin . . . diomoladh na neolghach d'fulang, tar a bheith dorcha air chách preferring , Donlevy xxii 16 . See 1 enech, robud. céim do bhreith tar Chambrens ag cáineadh na n-Éireannach to go a step beyond Cambrensis, Keat. i 40.8 . See léimm. Note further: d'aicsin Dé is ní dom breith buan `to see Him, not to save myself', Dán Dé xxvi 41 .

? b.¤ .i. sith no cain, aprobio a greig, pax uobis a laidin, sith no si[th]cain a gaoidheilg, O'Dav. 323.

Compds. With nouns: a breat[h]aga (: lethḟada) time for judgment, ACL iii 235 § 20. bráthchæi .i. brethcheo ǽi, Corm. 7. re bhreithcheirt a breitheamhan ` justice ', MR 102.16 . ar bhéin re breithionnadh (breitindead, breith fionna, v.ll.) mbreath, LMuimhneach 425.293 . cét mbó mbrethlaind `a hundred well-selected cows' ( Corm. Tr. 26 ), Corm. Y 179. ? Cf. búalann. robae ar brethlaind Midi immuig / M. . . ., Rawl. 164b11 . na brethlaind `in his place of judgment' ( Arch. Hib. ii 84 § 30 ), LL 23969. fāeisidi . . . / cona brethlogad as bind confession . . . with Absolution, ACL iii 237 § 24. F. . . . / barr uas brethraind bithbuadaig, LL 15939. báire breath-sholuis gacha bréithre, MR 108.18 .

With adjj.: buaidh mbreatha (inbetha, v.l.) breathadh- bhail, IT iii 57 § 107.10 . firinne bruinnti, bretheamhanda, breth-fhuaslaictheach ` redeeming ', MR 98.18 . ainm bechtglan (breathglan, v.l.), ITS xxxv 94 § 11 .

cádus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cádus or dil.ie/7567

 

Forms: cádhusa, cádhais, cáidius, cáthus

n u and o, m. (cáid) g s. cádhusa, Corm. Y 1250 . cádhais, DDána 101.42 . Also cáidius. cáthus, ZCP viii 195.9 .

(a) honour, reverence : co cadius cainol roclos / con ainius, SR 973 . noco tarat . . . c.¤ do epscop, LL 6879 . is cubaid c.¤ doside, Rawl. B 512 (Plummer MS. notes). bid deochain . . . co cádhus sacairt, BColm. 32.3 . comméitt cadhais íatt aráon, BNnÉ 256 § 214 . eochair chádhais cennacht (cennsacht, v.l.), ZCP vi 270 § 5 . congbail in cadusa, CCath. 803 . fúaratar c.¤ mōr ┐ anóir ic Rōim, BColm. 80.13 . lā cádhusa ┐ anóra móire dona firénachaib (of day of Judgment), RC xxviii 316 § 25 . c.¤ don aes grāid / a n-árus dod réir, KMMisc. 264 § 20 . modh cádhais don arsaidheacht, TSh. 8544 . cadus cathrach metrapoile bui forri, PH 46 . Attrib. g s. luc[h]t cadais ┐ ceimend n-onorach, CCath. 5996 . for fleadaibh fessa / triur cadaís fri gnathlessa (of attendants on poets), BB 333a10 . o thriath na cceimenn ccadais (of the Pope), BNnÉ 283 § 270 . fer toga ┐ cadusa moir do Dia, LB 139b5 . nā togh fēin duit inad cādhuis / um thrāth cota, ZCP vi 272 § 6 .

(b) protection sanctuary : iad ar cádhus Hi Conchobair Dhuinn `whilst they were under the protection of O'C. D.', ALC ii 366.1 . fear na tucc cadhus nó termann do thuaith ná d'eacclais, AFM iv 818.1 . mar aón chadhas, ┐ mar aón tearmand duínn `as our only stay and refuge', Carswell 186.4 . comad ch.¤ ar cach ngúasacht, BColm. 96.10 . árus ba dún ba dindgna / ba c.¤ , Metr. Dinds. i 6.10 . dún no daingen . . . ceall no cadhas no neimhedh, Cog. 114.24 . a ccella cadais ┐ a neimhedha, 40.25 ; 138.20 . cáid ┐ c.¤ a Cades (Kadesh) dicta est .i. caithir dína ataig i ndesciurt treue Iuda, Fél.² xxxiii § 4 .

(c) esteem affection : in cadus mor bai la c.¤ for conaib, Ériu xvi 84.103 . cádhas ┐ cion . . . air, TSh. 2742 . mallacht a chadhois ┐ a cumoinn fair, ZCP x 278.20 .

1 cáil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cáil or dil.ie/7706

 

n f. (Lat. qualitas, Wortk. 172 )

(a) quality, property : isna cáilibh nadura = in qualitate naturae (sic leg.), O'D. 542 ( H 3.17, 434 ). foladh ┐ . . . c.¤ substance and quality, O'Gr. Cat. 254.27 . is ó'n tsubiecht gabus gach quail tosac[h], 259.29 . co fuil gach uile corp . . . cumasc[th]a as a cáilib féin, 246.23 . in tan gabtar in fín . . . a c.¤ laidir, 215.10 . cail gotha `quality of voice', Auraic. 601 . tria chail na tr. n-indsge, 3774 . is ed inchoisces qāil ind ḟocail as locusta .ii loco sta , ZCP xii 370.12 . do réir cháile ┐ chaindigheachta bídh, TSh. 8067 . ní fuil órd cailidh (cailli, v.l.) ná métaighti ar pianaib ifirn, De Contemptu 2593 . an t-aran d'ithe 'n-a cail fein, BCC 438.11 . c.¤ na persan `condition of the person', RSClára 68 § 1 . fir fa ch.¤ a gcionaidh, DDána 98.7 . créd hí an cháill shonuis do bhí oruibh blessedness, Galatians iv 15 . ? iar cálaib (: fácaib) garb ro gáel gail, SR 6167 .

(b) characteristic, trait : cáile maithe anma, Párl. na mB. 40 . ní coimseach mo ch.¤ ó chorp, PBocht 11A. 25 . is beg oram c.¤ na mban I do not like the ways of women, Duan. F. i 85 § 12 . go mbíd cáile sna hainmhinntibh . . . budh inleanta dona daoinibh, TSh. 2626 . an ch.¤ ón ceanamhla sind, O'Hara 1331 .

(c) repute, reputation : co clú is co c.¤ , SG 29.42 . cion ┐ c.¤ , AFM v 1630.5 . Í. Mh. as chruth-ghlaine c.¤ , Content. xxix 23 . inshluaghaidh a ch.¤ don coin, ZCP ii 344.12 `the fame of it (the deed) was as good as a hosting', Ir. Syll. Poetry 104 . cúirt go gc.¤ ar chócaireacht `famous for', Timth. vi 37 § 5 . ní c.¤ duit a bheith chomh h-uaibhreach, Hard. i 335.15 . Also cáile: an tí do raid is feas a ch.¤ ` fame ', O'Rah. 104.73 .

(d) measure, amount : dá mbeith c.¤ don éagcóir féin aige, Maguires of F. 25 . Frequ. with éicin some, a certain amount : go ffúair c.¤ éiccin ṡaothair ag sccríobhadh na Riaghla, RSClára 36.x . c.¤ éigin sholais do thabairt don aos óg, RC iv 355.2 . nō go ccodhludh cāil éigin, Feis Tighe Chonáin 38 . iomad re rádh re F. ┐ c.¤ éigin re P., Celtica i 93.190 . a gc.¤ éigin in some sort, Mac Aingil 156 .

(e) With prep. I N- way, respect; a mórán do cháilibh, Párl. na mB. 1838 . croinn . . . / nír mheabhoidh orrtha i n-éanch. in any respect, O'Hara 2462 . san ch.¤-sin in that respect, Desid. 4398 . créud í an cháill a rabhabhair fáoi eagluisibh eile?, 2 Cor. xii 13 . With AR: ní ar aon-ch.¤ amháin, TSh. 6488 .

(f) In conj. phrase i gc.¤ (co n-) so that : i gc.¤ go measaim, Hackett² xxx 29 . a gc.¤ gur taosga . . . , Mac Aingil 162 . With Vn. a g-cail a n-imrisin do t-slánughadh aturra with a view to settling their dispute, Hy Maine 161.35 .

cíall

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cíall or dil.ie/8983
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: cíal, ciall

n ā, f. IGT Decl. § 39 . Also somet. cíal in O. Ir. Glosses and in poetry. nessu célaib .i. nesso ciallaib, LL 24378 . cēill: budéin, ZCP xiii 245.6 .

(a) Of persons sense, intelligence, mind : nípí ciall la nech dogní insin, Wb. 29b11 . druáilnithe a ciall gl. corrupti mente, 30c18 . nad mbí ciall la nech disluindi dliged remdeicsen `has no sense', Ml. 50d1 . nech lasnabi ciall, 50d2 . co mber[at] á céill n-erru, 20b11 . co céill ┐ chond, LU 3910 ( SCC 42 ). rom-snáidet . . . / cund, céill, curp com anim, Fél. Ep. 52 . nocho fom' cheil-si / dochuaidh do chial, IT iii 93.22 . leig as in drochciall fora tai ┐ dena mu chomairli-sea `folly', Aen. 576 . it ferr cīalla oldās cīall two heads are better than one, ZCP xi 86 § 42 . ni techta cond 'na ceill fo-mic, Laws v 510.4 ( ciall . . . fomac, SM Facs. 1b ) glossed ciall codnaid, 20 . tanic trell dia ceill, LU 4029 ( SCC 48 ). ar ḟebas do chrotha ┐ do ceille, 8226 ( FB 17 ). bae c.¤ dunetta aice (of Dond Cúailnge), TBC-LL¹ 6162 . ní réid la céill mbuirp in se `uncouth intelligence', Blathm. 159 . Mugain miadmas co morchéil, TFerbe 824 . in tan . . . roaisicc Dia a chell dó, Grail 3750 . ata saillechta cella (sic) do (of a minor), Laws ii 46.18 Comm. Ailbhe í ar chéill 's ar chuimhne, DDána 99.2 . seacht gcathaoireacha céille (of the daughters of Humility), 55.15 . cíalla glice na ngente, Celtica i 96.260 . dá chrádh céille éadair ann a twofold grief of mind is to be found therein (of death of chieftain), DDána 110.16 . ar mearughadh céilli, Mac Aingil 111 . com[h]lán i ccéll ┐ a ccorp `sound of mind and body', RSClára 114b .

More particularly wisdom, good sense, skill : rángadar na teachta re céill, ┐ re conailbhe, ┐ le hairmhidin `wisely(?)' (`charged with submission'), ML 104.22 . ar sith, as tre cheill do righneadh, Leb. Gab.(i) 12.16 ( Lec. 272 vb26 ) = iar sisd is iar ceill dorigneadh, BB 23a16 . in rigan ecnaid óg ḟial / tochur ria no co degciall, LL 19297 . tre cell ┐ tre comairli, CCath. 6161 . cend comhairle ┐ céille . . . Connacht (of dead chieftain), AFM ii 1132.8 . Of course of action, ní c.¤ with Vn. it is unwise to, it is imprudent to: nior chiall bheith ag ar mbrosdadh sensible thing, Aithd. D. 3.6 . ní ciall déanamh dearmaid, DDána 14.13 . ní fhuil chéill id dhearadh dhún `twere senseless of Thee to disown me', Aithd. D. 77. 31 . níor chiall uadh it was not wise of him, Ériu i 97.30 .

In transf. sense of a person: gabh, a chiall, mo chomairghe, DDána 67.6 .

(b) Of bodily senses: do chiallaib gl. ad sensus, Sg. 139a1 . cóig cialla cuirp `his five senses', Ériu xvi 135 § 56 . maithi a roisc na nabocc maithi a cialla, v 236.83 . mo chúig cialla 'gum brath bíd, Dán Dé ix 3 . Of feelings, emotions : srian léd chéill níor chuireabhair, Content. xxiii 5 . do oscail se a cial, Smaointe B. Chr. 5250 . Cf. ní frith luth seirce sóerligi / na celle conom thicse, LU 8329 ( FB 24 ).

(c) In a variety of more general applications intention, cause, reason, idea : in chiall toḟaiscthe `der Verstand des Herauspressens' (one of the cóic conara fugill), Cóic Con. 24 § 24 . rinne nir chuimseach a ciall (of a monster), Duan. F. i 79.9 `intention regarding' (Gloss.). flaith nime d'Eochagān (sic leg.) ān / is lān a chridhe dia chēill attention, ACL iii 308 § 32 . fa clé an chiall a perverse intention, Dán Dé xxvi 29 . ann adlecthar mesi fein / . . . rim cheill `with my consent', Fen. 304.8 . cion na sainte / . . . ag sin ciall chaillte na hanma (of the sin of avarice), Dán Dé xxxi 37 . ar iomad ele do chialluibh certa `for . . . many other just reasons', RSClára 95a . ní gan chéill do adhuin t'fhíoch, Aithd. D. 84.27 . caidhe nach córa an chiall `how much greater reason', RSClára 104a . ciall mo gháiri ní léir linn, O'Gr. Cat. 346.34 .

(d) Of words, texts, etc. signification, meaning: ciarid-beram a céill though we express their sense, Sg. 26b2 . immaircide frisin ceill `suitable to the sense', Ml. 27d22 . sechis in chiall gl. intentio (psalmi), 61a29 . forsin dib ciallaib fil isind emulari , 56b37 . huare is lán chiall indib chenae gl. huiuscemodi verba non egent casu, Sg. 140b3 . issí inso sís a chiall gl. est sensus, Ml. 50c1 . a folad ┐ in chiall gl. vis et significatio, Sg. 27a8 . ni lugae mbis ind menme hisin cheill `the thought is no less occupied with the meaning', Mon. Tall. 39 . etir cheill ┐ fhogur, LB 241a marg. inf. iar ceill Cirine in Jerome's meaning (of the word), Hib. Min. 9.292 . do-ghén . . . míniughadh céille ar an rádhsa, IGT Introd. 24.12 . re saoibh-chiallaibh `by foolish etymologies', Content. v 8 . ag buain ceille maithe ass, BCC 300.31 . cialla na n-aislingedh, Grail 2679 .

Of grammatical forms force, function, meaning : hua cheill gníma ┐ chesta, Sg. 77a7 . ciall sechmadachti `the sense of a past', Ml. 98c10 . chiall ainsedo, 67d24 . is ilar són hua cheill `it is plural in sense', 45b20 . aithne ar chíalluibh uathaidh ┐ iollraidh, IGT Introd. 2.16 .

(e) In phrases. slán céill safe and sound: no theighdis slan ceill dia tigh, Blathm. 38 . ní ris sís slán céill, BS 72.20 . for (ar) céill in one's senses: mairg dobēradh cath don fēin / da mbet ar cēill, Fianaig. 80.1 . intan nobid Comgan for ceill, Ériu v 20.7 . airis for ceill, MR 8.16 . guais nach bear ar chéill choidhche `I may never have sense', A. Ó Dálaigh xxxix 2 . cond céille = c.¤: nír chond ceille in col, LL 4378 . arnacha-ndechrad a chond ceille, TBC-LL¹ 1709 . c.¤ chodnaig: ecodnach da frisciter ciall codnaigh `who is expected to come to the use of reason', Laws iii 156.25 Comm. iar tiachtain ceilli codnaig do, v 218.23 Comm. ciall chapaill little or no sense, Mac Aingil 6140 . in ti ac na bi faitechus ceille use of reason, Laws v 508.22 Comm. ( SM Facs. 1b ). táinic an chiall bhreugach chuige .i. an codladh, ITS v 38.23 . étrommae céille loss of reason, insanity : táinic édtruma chéille . . . dó, CF² 450 . Cf. édromacha chéille, Luke xxiv 11 . In chevilles: dia do chéill, DDána 54.15 . fo chiall `good the sense', Blathm. 19 .

Phrases with vbs. do-alla, gataid, benaid, céill di gives up (hope of), despairs of: talsat a céill di ṡaíre, LL 31490 (TTr.). antan . . . tallus mo chéill dia thorbu dam, Ériu iv 134.10 . See 1 do-alla. iar ngait cheilli dia n-anmain `after losing all hope of life', ZCP i 406.11 . See gataid. do ben gach neach díbh ciall dá anmain, CF² 736 . iar m-ben . . . do chelli dia bethaid, LB 143a33 . ba buan ceille do chabhair, Stair Erc. 1537 . mairg bheanas chéill don chruinne (`to try to understand'), Magauran 643 . ben do cheill . . . dot tir ┐ dot talmain exi de terra tua, Lism. L. 707 . See benaid. See díscaíl. With cuirid: gur bo marb mórán do clandaib C. ar cur céille do'n cathimresan (`after the effort of screwing themselves up for the fight'), Caithr. Thoirdh. 127.24 . tráth do chuirset céill do'n cath (`when they were baulked of the fray'), 128.1 . Note further: do chuaidh a ciall do'n cathírghail they lost hope of, Caithr. Thoirdh. 99.15 .

do-cuirethar ar chéill (for céill) calls to mind: torala Dia ar cheill do degnimu `let God bring to mind', Ml. 43b15 . intan forathmentar ┐ docuredar ar céill `when it is . . . kept in mind', Ériu ii 136 § 122 . tachraid forcéill ┐ airem daib seanchassai . . . bar múinntire, Alex. 191 . na healtain do chor ar céill / as blogh d'ḟertaibh in ḟíréin, IGT Decl. ex. 303 . With difft. constr. foceird mo ceill im drungo, LMU 17 (Eg.) `my reason is agitated about the hosts', (LMU2). Later with cuirid and personal object recalls to reason, to sense : a chur ar céill gér chás deacair (of conversion of St. Augustine), DDána 59.11 . meisge an phobail . . . / ní hobair mná a chura ar céill `to bring them to reason', PBocht 9.23 . buime an leinbh (sic leg.) gá gcur ar céill (of Mary consoling the holy women), 13.15 .

cuirid i céill expounds, proves, declares : ní mór dod mhaith chuire a ccéill, Bard. Synt. Tr. 228.17 . lá in Chairn a gcéill cuirfidhear `will be ever remembered', O'Hara 123 . cuir-se i gcéill `explain', A. Ó Dálaigh xlix 10 . as fer tengtha (sic leg.) eile do chuiredh a ceill dó gach ní da n-abradh C.C. ris, BCC 262.32 . m'éigse i gcéill muna chuirinn, Aithd. D. 46.4 . cuir do bhagar i gcéill thuaidh / más ann creidfidhear é uaibh, Content. xviii 168 . ionnus go gcuirfeadh i gcéill do'n léaghthóir nach fuil tabhacht i seanchus Éireann `might give the reader to understand', Keat. i 50.3 . Note also: níor chuir Brian céill na cheanaibh ignored, Content. xiv 18n. ciall do chur san iompódh to take heed of the change (? but see Ed. note), PBocht 22.2 .

do-gní céill takes thought; employs skill : do-ghéanadh chéill rem cháineadh `he would take thought before reviling me', Aithd. D. 74.17 . Cf. nī faigebthar-side itir . . . acht ma doronad cēill occai, TBC-I¹ 1576 = dorónaid ceill glossed ceilg, LU. Cf. nī rādh go cēill (.i. go ceilgg), ZCP v 487 § 15 (B. na f.) = ciall .i. cealg, O'Curry 1464 ( H 3.18, 651 ). fris-cuirethar céill see fris-cuirethar, frecor.

gaibid céill for, g. for céill expects : hó ro gaibther c.¤ for riuth s ... (? scíth or séim) 'when a tiring (or easy) pace is expected', Wb. 13b13 , Ériu xxxiii 165 . argaibidside céil for báas in tain téte don chath `expects death', 9a3 . fiadnaise fir galair gabes ceill for eccaib, O'Curry 1617 ( 23 Q 6, 6 b ). diä dardāin gabus-sa / cēill for ingnais maicc m'athar, Bruchst. 52 § 116 ; 'on Thursday I expected the death of my father's son' Ériu xxiii 49 . ra gabsat céill ar a mbreith i tírib ciana, LL 31491 (TTr.). o ro gab ceill for anad, LU 2249 ( FA 31 ). is in coiged uair . . . intan rogabsat cell for a collad ┐ for a cumsanad re seitfidaigh na natrach settled down to, BB 495a16 . ro gabsat ar céill . . . comallad fir na faistine, 429b25 . do gabatar ar chéill gan chunntabairt gurab é in Clárach . . . adchonncatar `imagined', Caithr. Thoirdh. 51.4 .

For ciall .i. tionol, O'Dav. 362 see fo-cíallathar II.

Compds. With nouns.: domrimart gáir na gáithi / im chotlud co cíall-báithe `with vacant mind', Metr. Dinds. iii 226.10 . in fitir for cialbann clú / cia dú cosatiagam dé? SR 7967 . iar ccur do Brian . . . Maolseachluinn Mór as a chiallchogair confidences, Ériu i 105.7 . conad hí ar comcisiu ┐ cottomus ar ciallḟer, LL 32429 (TTr.). cīallḟlaith . . . con gaib side a chrícha cen choscru cen chernu a prudent ruler, ZCP xi 86 § 46 . ciall-gháis Chormaic `wisdom', MR 116.14 . ciallrunugud aicnid, Cóic Con. 24 § 24 . ciallrunugud cert caid, 27.9 . la ciallrunugadh eir[i]c, Laws iii 408.9 Comm.

With adjj.: tricha robhi in ciallbhog caemh / ina ri Diarmoíd na ndhamh simple-minded(?), BB 57a15 . ? is imdha duine data / ┐ cuire is cialbhrata (: dhíarmada), IT iii 68.17 . fear . . . cunnail craibhtech cíallchonaich resourceful(?), RC xii 320 § 1 . saī coitcenn, ciallconaigh, AU iii 46.6 . See féchemanda. co glice ciallgaesmar, Stair Erc. 298 . bhí sé ciallghlan diadha, Hackett² xxx 154 . mná cori ciallmathi, LU 3888 ( SCC 40 ). gnúis meicc Cairne cíallmíadcha (-miacha, v.l.) `of noble sense', Ériu iv 94.14 . macc slattraim síl Chuind cíallmór, Ériu iv 104.8 . Cf. i nDaim Liac Ciannāin canair / marb hua ciallmair Congalaig, Arch. Hib. ii 94 § 25 (see Ed.'s note). na ceithre comhfhocail . . . chumaidhi chialltarctheacha `expressive maxims', MR 90.4 . fer nár certmur cialltreabar, BB 427b30 .

With vb. ¤rúnaigid(ir). Legal. considers carefully; decides after deliberation: nach claoine eile ciallrunaigther ann .i. feall no éithach, O'D. 795 ( H 3.17, col. 570 ) = ciallrunaither, O'Curry 2395 ( Eg. 88, 31a ). cocrathar urchonn urthach .i. ciallrunathar uasal testugh (leg. testughad) ona codhnacha, O'Curry 1770 ( 23 D 6, 37 a ). na cocra cert .i. nech na ciallrunaigenn, Laws iii 34.18 Comm.

cíallaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cíallaid or dil.ie/8988

 

Forms: cíallaigid, cíallad

v cíallaigid (cíall)

(a) means, signifies : ceangal na heaglaisi ┐ gacha hanma . . . ciallaigther san chantic sin, Rule of Tallaght 29 . for Conoind 'sa scel scaoilem, / a dodaing tren nosciallann `indicates', Leb. Gab.(i) 120.z . is é chialluigheas an cion comhgais, cáin . . . do bhuain amach, Keat. i 68.x . comharrdha le gciallmaoid . . . an onoir inmheodhanach, Luc. Fid. 3240 . do bhrīogh go gcialluighid méad tuirsi an chroidhe (of tears), Mac Aingil 138 . cialluighidh gach cuid díobh uair, Corp. Astron. 40.19 . créd chialluighius tú tríd in bhfocal, Celtica i 167.168 .

(b) explains : atait . . . ruidlesa tuaithe la feine. Cialluid sidhe. Ni ansa, etc. (ipv. 2 s.), O'Curry 53 ( H 3.18, 19a ).

Vn. cíallad(?), cíallugad.

cimmid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cimmid or dil.ie/9101

 

Forms: cimbid, cimme, cimeach, cimbi, cime, cimidh, chimedha

n i, m. Earlier cimbid. Later cimme; cimeach, TSh. 120 etc. cimbi, Trip.² 1938 and cime (: Seinchille), LL 394.38 are perh. nn. loc. cimidh m., IGT Decl. § 52 .

Captive, prisoner, condemned person (somet. one fated to die, victim): cimidh .i. bráigh, O'Cl. cimbith .i. a cimba (= cumba) .i. ō nōi enseche indi fri bās no longuis, O'Mulc. 225 , based on cimbith (cimba, MS.) quasi cimba ( cymba , LB) .i. ōn nōi ōenṡeiched, Corm. Y 229 where the reference is to Charon's boat. am cimbid-se `a captive', Wb. 27c22 . ciarpsa cimbid, 30a6 . cimbithi gl. uincti, Ml. 107d2 . cimbidi .i. (e)os quos custodiebant , Thes. i 498.35 (Ardm.). dilse cimbetho gl. Iesum flagillatum, 484.3 . cechaing cēim cimbetho `he went the way of a captive', Celtica vi 232.33 (ZCP viii 306.29 ). tromdér . . . / oc coíniud an chimbetho (of crucified Christ), Blathm. 528 . mac an tṡáir, cain cimbid, Fél. Aug. 14 . ba cain cimbith, Blathm. 491 . in lecfide in cimbid (of one condemned to death), Vita Br. 32 . cleireach lasa marbtar c.¤ `a cleric by whom a captive is killed', Mon. Tall. 158.17 . eirr broga Murthemni millsit ammaiti dich.¤ n-etain, LL 14234 (in rhetoric). nī cen chimbedu no beind / do macaib Fer Lugach lonn, Ériu ix 45 § 3 . 'na cimmidib cumrechtai (of sons of Jacob), SR 3562 . c.¤ ergna . . . Barabas, PH 3258 . cimidh go gceird nathrach, Aithd. D. 70.26 . in fogmoir buí ina cime lais `who was his captive', Stair Erc. 711 .

Legal: niba díles do nech guin an chimbidh acht don tí frisi ndéni cion , Ériu xiii 45.28 (g s. chimedha, 26 ). ni cria do baeth . . . do mnaí, do cimid, Laws iii 58.6 .i. is dilsech bais, 22 Comm. cro cimeda `the death of a captive', v 236.12 . log .vii. cumal niath .i. lógh cimedha, ar is cimidh ind aitiri iar ndithmaim fuirri, Bürgschaft 24 § 67 . fer forgaib cimbid cen aurlúd (in list of people fit to prepare food for a king), Críth G. 557 . iarmoracht . . . cimidhi (regarded as an exemption), Laws i 266.22 . secht necmachta ratha la féine: mug, cumul, c.¤ . . . , glossed .i. duine fuaslaicter ó bás, O'D. 2074 .

More specifically victim : cimbid gl. anathema, Wb. 4b30 (see note in Thes.). ni dlegar c.¤ dom cheniul `it is not right that one of my family be sacrificed as a victim' (said by each one of the Connacht host when asked to fight Cú Chulainn), LU 6684 = TBC-LL¹ 2855 . nimmó na dán cimbeda ro thoegat (said by Medb of the Ulstermen), TBC-LL¹ 5120 . ? Cf. a Morainn . . . a mochta co trebar co caomar cimedha .i. cethra, O'Curry 2897 ( Eg. 88, 91b ) = cotrebar, cocaemar cimedha .i. cethra `let the captives . . . be secured(?), be doubled(?)', O'Dav. 1535 .

cin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cin or dil.ie/9104

 

Forms: cinnta, cionaidh, c., c., ceana, cion

n t, m., GOI p. 206 . For n p. cinnta, Ml. 62d5 see ib. 205 . n s. also cionaidh, Ériu xiii 30.18 . a s. gan a cen, ZCP x 49.1 . d s. lán do chen, Rel. Celt. ii 206.z . c.¤ f. (dental infl.), IGT Decl. § 4 adding acht na ceananna; comair na gcenann is noted ceart do chanamain, ex. 247 while co centaibh is prohibited, ex. 246 . c.¤ m. (g s., n p., ceana), § 71 . Latter inflection v. freq. in later language. ? g p. cion , Content. xiv 18 (unrhymed).

I Guilt, fault, crime : ni nach c.¤ aile `it is not any other fault', Wb. 19d26 . brithemnacht forsin c.¤ -sa, 9b10 . ní fil ci[nta] doib fri Saul gl. culpae . . . conscii, Ml. 30b2 . na bad eola inar cintaib, gl. conpati infirmitatibus, Wb. 33b21 . is ái in c.¤ `his is the crime', Sg. 203a18 . it móra mo chinaid `great are my crimes', Fél. Ep. 387 . i cóictidi doluigdís cinaith la hóes rechtgae, Hib. Min. 26.x . cen fīach fair ina chintaib, Corm. Y 472 . bec in c.¤ tria chaingne chon, Sc.M² 21b . din chutrumma chinad noslenand, LU 2094 ( FA 16 ). ní ba c.¤ ṁbreithe in chlaidib beithir dí her crime in bringing the sword, TBFr. 248 (where c.¤ a s. ?, cf. v.l. p. 20). nībbōi c.¤ nombeith dóib, TBC-I¹ 2907 . olc in cosc cinad romchrín (Eve speaks) punishment for sin, Ériu iii 148 § 2 (`the wicked advice'). fiarfaighidh damh créad mo chion the charge against me, Magauran 856 . toil na gciontadh love of sin, Dán Dé xviii 10 . cealg ar gcionadh, DDána 12.4 . bean chúitigheas ar gceana (of Mary), 7.32 . maor measta ar gcean (Archangel Michael), PBocht 2.39 . sein-eol an cheana `the old way of sin', Dán Dé xxi 16 . marbh ó bhar gceanaibh ┐ ó bhar bpeacaidhibh mortui delictis et peccatis, TSh. 1192 .

Attrib. gen.: m'fhear cionadh enemy , DDána 101.52 . im intinn cheana sinful mind, Aithd. D. 92.21 . ní ro-theacht Ísu nach ṅgaile chinad do pecud any stain of the guilt of sin, PH 4826 . dáil cheana occasion of sin, DDána 10.34 . With follg. gen.: co . . . foltaib fíraib . . . cintaib laíme `for crimes of hand', Tec. Corm. 2.24 . silliud súla, cintaib bél, 26 . cin laime, cin coise, c.¤ tengad, c.¤ bel, c.¤ sula, Laws i 238.10 . cin leagha, IGT Decl. ex. 1138 . Prov. gach ciontaigh a chion, Celtica i 103.507 . In cheville: cid lór do chion, BS 68.7 .

Of specific sins, crimes: cion na drúise, Dán Dé xxxi 34 . cin na hecni sin of violence, PH 7537 . cion an fhormaid, Dán Dé xxxi 39 . cion an fhuatha, 38 . cion na sainte, 37 . cen duine do marbhadh ina cintaib comraiti `intentional crimes', Laws i 14.8 Comm. cionta comhraite .i. cionta as a riocht, O'Cl. Of sexual sin: c.¤ do epscop Mél fria fiair, Trip.² 980 . connach fedar-sa c.¤ ó ḟir eli ó ro imig sin (Penelope), Mer. Uil.2 238. go ngébhadh Oigh toircheas gan chion fir, Carswell 114.19 . Med.: foillsigid . . . cionta na nae vitia hepatis, 23 K 42, 125.13 .

II In phrases. Preceded by prep.: ferr duit nech aile ar na cintaibh at fault, ZCP vi 272 § 10 . cen chinta friu-som gl. gratis inimicitias eius patior, Ml. 142b5 . cen cinta `without offence', 74a1 . cen chinaid n-uaim fri nech gl. sine causa, 54d16 . lucht céssais cen chinaid `crimeless folk', Fél. Jan. 17 . in fíren do crochadh cen cinaid, PH 2933 . N . . . . [do marbad] . . . cin chuis cin cinaid, Ann. Conn. 1306.11 . do-rocair . . . / do laimh Cethirn go cciontaibh in return(?), TBC St. 3740 . Ruad mac Baduirn ba d'Ultaib / nuall cach glanuill co cintaib, LL 2589 . co cinaidh, Leb. Cert. 206.9 . di chinaid, prep. phrase with gen.: tuccus doibhsion da chionaid / ionad i ccoraidh mo tempuill in return, BNnÉ 175.3 . ? Cf. do chinaib cuna / guin fiachglanta, YBL 179b12 = BB 259b1 . i cin(aid), i cintaib with gen. or Vn. phrase in revenge, atonement for: cim[b]ith i cinaid .u.ir `a captive for every five persons concerned' (of penalty for breach of a king's protection), Ériu xvi 37 § 3 . i ccinaid a m[e]ic `in atonement for the liability of his son', ibid. a cinta oirccne `on account of injury done', Mon. Tall. 155.29 . a mmbarbad ar Fíanna Fáil / i cinaid marbtha Dubáin, LL 29354 . hi cinta ind fergoirt do milliud, LU 8526 ( FB 38 ). 'n-a chion féin `through its own fault', Magauran 3724 . Similarly tré chin(aid), chinta: tré ch.¤ drochmna, IT i 75.6 ( LMU 13 ). ronlaad a Parthus tria china[i]d imarbois (said by Adam to Eve), MacCarthy 60.23 . tré chenaib in popuil, Caithr. Thoirdh. 4.15 . With follg. prep.: cen chinaid for mnāi / do réir dligid Dé `do not hold a woman liable', KMMisc. 272.1 . ní mó . . . a c.¤ frib . . . indás na tucsaid úadib, LU 8980 ( FB 73 ). ni fetur-sa c.¤ dam frit `I know of no wrong I have done thee', Grail 2109 . ní fhoil cion riomsa ag R. R. has nothing to complain of against me, Aithd. D. 48.16 .

Other phrases: do-gní cin(aid) fri offends against: na cinta aili do niat na daíne risin ferann, Laws iv 140.19 Comm. re ghnuis nderg go ndentar c.¤ `till some charge is brought against his blushing face'(?), Magauran 2997 . With cuirid: dá mbeinn dod chur i gciontaibh if I were to accuse you, DDána 88.22 . cionnta go gcuire ar do ghaoltaibh, Aithd. D. 26.16 . ? Cf. nī mō leis (= le Dīa) blāth droigin duibh / ┐ cāch do chur 'na ch.¤ / . . . inā duille da chor d'fidh taking everybody into account(?), ZCP vi 269 § 13 .

As quasi-vn.: ēside o[c] cinaith frit-sa, ACL iii 295 § 21 `that itself is what's sinning against you,' Jn. Celt. Stud. ii 104 .

III

(a) In legal contexts offence, crime, etc. for which the doer is answerable at law, hence with meaning liability, guilt, incurred penalty, etc.: focerdar c.¤ co fergac `liability is attached to the angry man', BDC 25 . imdích dliged a chéle cintaib cuir (of duties of `flaith'), Críth G. 339 `in regard to liabilities arising from contract?' (Notes). .vii. claid . . . na[d] dírenatar cinaid `whose liabilities are not atoned for', Ériu xvii 70 § 13 . óthá suidiu hícad cách cinaid a c[h]laid `the liability of his ditch', 72 § 14 . a ḟrepaid ó ḟi[u]r chinad guilty party, Críth G. 60 . c.¤ comḟocuis responsibility for a relative or legal connection: c.¤ cach comfoguis for araile `liability of each kinsman upon the other' (as with éiric), Laws i 262.16 . imtha fri cion comfocuis `it is likewise with liability of kindred', Stud. in E. Ir. Law p. 145 , glossed is amlaid sin atait re hic cinta comfocuis, amail comruinnit in dibad is amlaid comruinnid (ícaid, v.l.) in cinaid. cion comhgais, cáin nó díol do bhuain amach i n-éiric nó i n-eineaclainn an loit . . . doghní neach . . . d'á charaid nó d'á chineadh, Keat. i 68.47 . is mo sidhe do ch.¤ `thy liability . . . is greater than (the value of) this (sword)', IT iii 201 § 75 . Cf. berid-si lib ina c.¤ fén iat (said to tax collectors) `in their own discharge', Todd Lect. vi 44 § 64 .

(b) Hence in sense of payment due, levy, exaction : ? fri commus a cheana ┐ a smachta ┐ a fiadhaig (`rule'), IT iii 199.8 . ? oenach Cuile co cintaib appropriation, LL 25093 . ni beiride acht cethramthain di ch.¤ na somane, di orbu na saetur (of the iarḟine), Laws iv 284.6 . cion do chuir i nDruim Lethan / do rioghaibh mar gnathachadh (of a proposal to billet soldiers on the community of D.L.), BNnÉ 288.33 . can luad cairti 'n-a cenaib `without mention of a charter for their tributes', Hy Fiach. 212.y . ceathruime cidh ima ḟuil / c.¤ leathbaile na lenmain why has a quarter the dues of a half-village? IGT Decl. ex. 194 . gníomh d'fhearann saor ar gach ein-c[h]ion `free from every impost', Misc. Arch. Soc. 190.8 . do bhuain chean `to get dues', O'Hara 2598 . Cf. kinduff alias black rent, Fiants Eliz. 5997 quoted Measgra D. Gloss. p. 243 .

(c) booty, plunder, and hence by implication victory, triumph, success: buáil-si um cheanuibh gach críche `take the spoil of every country', Ériu ix 8.88 . gáir na stoc i n-am na gcean, Measgra D. 57.22 . cena mora ┐ crecha aidbli, Ann. Conn. 1365.5 . urusa dhuit déanaimh cean `to win triumphs,' TD 1.45 . mall ar gcéimne leis an gcion we travelled slow with the `creach', Aithd. D. 6.44 . le neart-ghoil céimeann nó cean `triumphs', Content. xxx 21 . ag cuimhne a gcean `recalling their exploits', O'Hara 4406 .

(d) share, due portion : do chion (sic leg.) d'fágháil do'n éiric, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 364.17 . gan chion i gcogar Dé dhamh `part', Dán Dé xxvi 14 . breith na clainne is cean [do] mhartra is a kind of martyrdom, DDána 32.17 . ? dá shochar do gheibhthear as an Aifrionn . . . cion impidhe ┐ leóirghníomh, Eochairsg. 51.6 . Hence in pl. fortune, weal : daoine ar tí chean a chéile `set against each other's weal', Dán Dé vii 17 . dh'ionnramh chean ó gCéin `to serve (as defence for) their interests', O'Hara 2393 . díon ar gcean `to secure our fortunes', Aithd. D. 84.37 .

In chevilles: ard an cion , DDána 17.23 . mór an cion , O'Hara 3241 .

As quasi-conj.: cion a raibhe do shólás . . . dá bhfuaradar . . . go raibhe sé do dhólás orra . . . the greater the pleasure . . . . the greater the misery . . . , TSh. 3730 . cion a bhfuil d'fhad-dáil . . . atá sé do chaoile tanto . . . quanto, 5405 .

(e) love, affection (for development of meaning cf. cuit, 1 pairt): Críosd dom chion san bhrátha-ló `may Christ love me', Celtica iv 169.272 . maircc as gar da chill go ccion `dear', BNnÉ 286.31 . tarbh tána ar nar ceileadh cion `well-beloved' (of warrior), O'Hara 3469 . ró ceana `great affection', 2993 . onóir ┐ míoonóir (sic), cion ┐ neimhchion, do thabhairt d'én nduine abháin, Desid. 2367 .

(f) esteem, respect : menicniugad cena do denam (of a `céile' rising up before his `flaith'), O'Curry 621 ( H 3.18, 300 ). gan a cen ar naomh nō ar dhān, ZCP x 49.1 . a chion do réir a ríaghla, Bard. Synt. Tr. 3.22 . mic Uisnigh dhár chóir c.¤ , IT ii2 115.25 . is beg in c.¤ ata acan tren[n]íadh ugud oirne `respect . . . for us', Stair Erc. 1477 . méad an cheana do bhíodh ag cách ar an inchinn `how highly everyone prized', Keat. ii 3085 . ní fhuil cion innte ar fhéiltibh (of Ireland), Measgra D. 55.17 . With defining gen.: cion áonanma as .c. orra they are to be treated as one noun, Bard. Synt. Tr. 203.11 . ní bhíodh cion fírinne ortha `were not regarded as genuine', Keat. ii 3878 .

In phrases. cuirid i c.¤: m'anam thuas dá chur i gcion being honoured, DDána 12.8 . do cheird féin ní chuire i gcion `you do no credit to your art', Content. xxiv 8 . túis dod ghuidhe cuir i gcion `urge thy most zealous petition', A. Ó Dálaigh xxxv 1 . féile an leinbh gá chora i gcion `making it manifest', Ériu ix 166 § 32 . roinn ar ar chuireadar cion the division which they fixed, Content. xi 7 . téid i c.¤: ní théid a rún cliachdha a gcion does not go into effect, LBranach 3543 . fo ch.¤ respected: gearr an seal thugsad fa chion, Content. v 106 . do ghlac an rígh an macaomh go honórach ┐ do bhí fá cion aige, Eochairsg. 114.13 .

In phr. c.¤ fátha (printed as compd.) occasion (of sin, etc.): ar ngabáil chionfátha dhon pheacadh, Romans vii 8 . do chum nach tiubhruinn cionfátha don druing lé na mían cionfátha dhfaghail, 2 Cor. xi 12 . Cf. cennḟáth and Dinneen s.v. fáth .

Compds. do chleith mo cheanfhaghla, Aithd. D. 55.3 . le Dia [gidh] cin-iomdha ar gcás, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxiv 10 .

comláithre

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comláithre or dil.ie/11399
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: comlāithriu

n (comláthar) d s. comlāithriu, Cáin Ad. 44 , 47 . `the position of a comláthar, the being an accessory or accom- plice ', Plummer MS. notes, ` accompliceship ', Cáin Ad. 47 , ` composition(?)', Tec. Corm. 2.19 , ` co-responsibility ', see s.v. etar-bí. guilt by association: da trian na dreme dorochair do nim is a cinad comlaitri dorochair. Is a cinad comlaitri dorochair Adam a parrtus ┐ nac miad dori[n]dnacht Dia do. Is a cinaid comlaithre dō in gles fil forna duilib. Is fo bith comlaithre dō na toracht int uasalathair atreb. Is f.b. comlaithre Achaib maic Acairind docer in .XXX. fer ara bruinne Seechim. Is .f.c. docer Eli sacart two-thirds of those who fell from heaven fell because of c.c. It was because of c.c. that Adam fell from paradise and every honour that God had granted him. The present condition of creation is due to c.c. It is because of c. that the noble patriarch did not attain to his dwelling. It was because of the c. of Achan son of Charmi that thirty men fell in front of Sabarim. It was because of c. that Eli the priest fell CIH vi 2122.18 , Peritia iii 416 . a neisce ┐ a comraite ┐ a comlaithre, O'Curry 1770 ( 23 E 26, 37a ). is fobith comlaithri na torracht an tuasal aithair atreib tire tairrngaire (of Moses, Numbers xxvii 14 ), 2540 ( Eg. 88, 45(46)a ). c.¤ lánfíachaib fis, lethḟíachaib anḟis, Tec. Corm. 2.19 . aní etirbí fīachu etirbí comláidre, Cáin Ad. 47 (see above). an tí dofeith biodhbhadha . . . . la comhlaithre doslisidhe fiacha amhail gach foghladhach aiding and abetting(?), Ériu xiii 35.14 . Freq. with cin: is furra ní téit cion na (= nā?) comlaithre céile deamuin (i.e. on the church), O'D. 2190 (Nero A vii 132b). cis lir for na tet cin na comlaithre . . . .i. ní fitir olcc forro .i. fer lethcuinn, 966 ( H 3.17, 679a ) = cin na comhlaithre laine, O'Curry 356 ( H 3.18, 197 ). cia len cin, cia lean comlaithre, cia len aebh, 1884 ( 23 P 3, 23 d ) .i. cia da leanann cin chomlaithre bidh ┐ leaptha, ibid. = cin na comlaitrigh, 2564 ( Eg. 88, 47 (48)c ). Cf. do slaintiugh[ad] comhlaithrigh, ibid., where form may be g s. of adj. comláithrech as subst. as d'Osraigibh a maithriu / cen ciniud cen comlaithre, Anecd. ii 34.20 . Note further: ni eran doib crich na comlaithre, O'Curry 250 ( H 3.18, 145a ). fine chealla for tuathet (= tuath ṡet) do formuig comlaithre for cill, cloc dilabur, 1885 ( 23 P 3, 23 d ).

con-secha

Cite this: eDIL s.v. con-secha or dil.ie/12299

 

Forms: coiscid, c., condasecha, consechaidh, consechthar, consechtar, consechat, coscitir, coisctir, cosaig, cosaigh, coscid, cosced, coisced, coiseccar, coscther, -coisci, manirochosca, -coiscea, chut-n-asca, cotobsechain, choisced, cotob, -coiscfet, consech, con-sich, ros coisc, co tamasaig, coscad, caisced, marudchoiscset, coscaid, cosc, caisced, coiscthe, coisgthe

v (* com-sech-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 619 ). Also as simple vb. coiscid already somet. in O.Ir. glosses (see GOI 472 ). Indic. pres. 3 s. c.¤ , Wb. 7d10 . 26c1 . LU 3500 ( SCC 26 ). condasecha, ZCP xii 360.10 (see Ériu xiv 153 ). Cf. consechaidh, O'Curry 2251 ( Eg. 88, 18(19)c ). Pass. consechthar, Ml. 57d14 . ? consechtar, Wb. 22c20 (leg. -thar, Edd.). 3 p. consechat, Wb. 6a9 . Pass. coscitir, Wb. 22c10 . coisctir, 31b25 . Ipv. 2 s. cosaig, Corm. Y 1013 = cosaigh, O'Cl. 2 p. coscid, Wb. 26b29 . Fen. 182.5 . 3 s. cosced, TBC-LL² 1472 . coisced, ACL iii 4.33 . ? Pass. coiseccar, O'D. 2200 (Nero A vii 139). coisegar, O'Dav. 343 . coscther, LL 31881 (TTr.). Subj. pres. 2 s. -coisci, Blathm. 94 § 14 . 3 s. manirochosca, Wb. 28b28 . -coiscea, Mon. Tall. 142.11 . With -ad-: chut-n-asca, Celtica viii 68.92 . Impf. 1 s. ? cotobsechain, LU 8423 ( FB 29 ). 3 s. no choisced , LL 119 . fut. 3 s. pass. cotob sechfider, Wb. 9a23 . 3 p. -coiscfet, Metr. Dinds. iii 154.26 . Pret. and perf. 3 s. consech, O'Curry 1297 ( H 3.18, 539a ). ? con-sich, Ériu xiii 34.19 . ros coisc, LL 982 . ? With -ad-: co tamasaig, ZCP xiii 342.14 . Pass. ro coscad , Ml. 49a5 . ra caisced , LL 7067 . 3 p. marudchoiscset, Wb. 28c7 . Later also ca-. coscaid, IGT Verbs § 75 .

Vn. cosc, ?caisced. Part. coiscthe. Vbl. of necess. coisgthe, Bard. P. 25.2 .

Trans. corrects, reproves, chastens; restrains, checks, holds back : indí consechat hulcu et mórate mathi `they that correct the evil', Wb. 6a9 (see Bergin, Ériu xvii 1 - 2 ). combí iarum coscitir indfir, 22c10 . rocoscad gl. correptus est, Ml. 49a5 . ó chut-n-asca fadēsin in duus `when . . . he can correct himself', Celtica viii 68.92 = chanasca, ZCP iii 451.26 . fogail do dhenamh . . . re hanfine. consechaidh anfine a cinta, O'Curry 2251 ( Eg. 8818 (19)c) . cosaig do mac . . . cotsescait a oing chastise thy son till his chastisements chastise thee(?), Corm. Y 1013 = cossaig . . . cotrescat, Corm. Bodl. 26.21 - 22 . ros coisc mac Eithlend held them back, LL 982 . ro choiscit na gníma sa `quelled are these deeds', RC vi 186.9 . Of feelings, desires, etc.: ni fuaradar . . . mnai . . . ro coisced cuma C. `who would heal C.'s grief', RC xxiv 272 § 3 . a chiocrus do choisceabhair (of a sword), O'R. Poems 104 . coisgidh īota lé tart, Desid. 3377 .

With prep. DI: holds back from, prevents x from doing y: cosced a chranntabaill d'ḟeraib Herend let him withold his sling-shots from the men of I., LL 9018 (TBC). rochoiscfinn-sea co luath don muirnn `should . . . have chastised him out of', Aen. 1085 . coscther a gin de golgaire, LL 31881 ( TTr. 1068 ). ro choiscc dia ngaiscedh iad, Grail 225 . caisgidh é dá urnuighthe prevents him from praying, DDána 58.11 . coisg dīnn do c[h]uma, ML² 1436 . dá gcoisginn cion mo thuirse / sunna dhíot dod dhoghuilse, Studies 1918, 281 § 6 . go gcoiscfeadh féin Aodhán de, Keat. ii 6344 .

Intrans. refrains, ceases, stops (from): coisc, a bean, Ériu i 118 § 9 . na coisc `cease not', Rosa Angl. 32.1 . coisg, bi balbh, Mk. iv 39 . coisgidh an channairg = the strife ceases, Proverbs xxvi 20 . nochar choisg . . . mo shúil I have not ceased from weeping, Bard. Synt. Tr. 39.5 .

With prepp.: coisg dhínn `let me be', Ériu ix 6.66 . coisc dhiom a ghiolla, ZCP x 285.4 . coisg dhíom = spare me, Psalms xxxix 13 . dod chumhaidh coisg, Measgra D. 27.59 . ni coisceand on fhleochadh, Todd Nenn. 196n. gá chaoineadh . . . / ní chuala gur choisc Peadar never ceased lamenting, Dán Dé xx 15 .

1 crech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 crech or dil.ie/12791
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: crich

n ā, f. See O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 168 . ? d s. crich, Ériu iii 137.48 (if not for crích). plunder, booty: plundering expedition : crecha maílduín / berttair iceín, IT iii 84 § 72 . cen chreich, cen gait, Airne F. 339 . aisic a chreiche ┐ a einich, Anecd. ii 73.2 . ? coirm c.¤ cruit (`cup'), Cóir Anm. 121 . mili dam . . . / nír íc creach `they were never the reward of raiders', Leb. Cert.² 175 . tusa an chreach . . . ┐ as misi an toir (Cú Chulainn to Fer Díad), ZCP x 285.32 . lucht na c.¤ plunderers , PH 7559 . Bert crechi (nickname) `Load-of-Plunder', RC xvii 381.25 (Tig.). macsamla na crichi se (sic), ZCP iii 23.29 . dogebhair admáil it creich you will gain recognition for your forced gift (i.e. to a church), BNnÉ 146.36 . crīch B. i n-a comar creach a mêlée of raids, ML² 1132 . ro la creich . . . uadh hí S. nA. threw out a skirmishing party, AFM ii 1126.4 . ro chuaid . . . ar creich innuib Findgenti, Cog. 102.10 . creacha an tíre do theichemh rempo `spoils', AFM v 1266.2 . c.¤ lá hUa Néill, ii 840.2 . leómhan ar a mbiadh inneall creiche = paratus ad praedam, TSh. 4157 . As vn.: níor bh'uamhan liom aon dom chreich, Ériu i 95.19 .

With follg. qual. wd.: géill na Cásg ní creacha ar shíodh `have not been captured without a fight', Aithd. D. 58.18 . ní do chreic[h] bó ná búailead (of hosting of death), Bard. P. 53. 12 . ? eneach in righ ni creach cluig / da dhil neach in gach Nodhlaigh (sic), IGT Metr. Faults§ 151 . c.¤ choblach lá hU. sea-raid , AFM ii 1182.14 . creach dhíghla, ALC i 250.21 . c.¤ folama, AU i 494.13 (see ? folama ). ar creich loingsi `on a plundering voyage', Stair Erc. 646 . c.¤ mhórmheabhla `treacherous depredation', ALC i 510.z . a c.¤ rig do denam do ar Uib Falgi `king's raid', Ann. Conn. 1265.8 . crecha urradhais .i. in creach i n-aigidh creichi, O'D. 2412 ( Rawl. B 506, 53a ). Of harrowing of Hell, see s.v. Cásc .

Predatory party : c.¤ marcach rempu, AU i 506.19 . omna .i. ria creich, no re coibdin, Laws iv 94.5 Comm. ? da fagbaidh . . . in c.¤ no in galar ní aige, Laws iii 368.15 Comm. gur lecadár creach mor imach, O'Gr. Cat. 7.21 . ár a creiche íme, AU ii 112.11 . creach .i. sluagh, O'Cl.

In vaguer sense ruin, calamity, desolation : mór an c.¤ , BColm. 100.17 . c.¤ ṅgúr (cheville), SR 7899 . cion an fhormaid / . . . is creach dhóibh, Dán Dé xxxi 39 . is creach . . . dá cháirdibh (of death of nobleman), Keat. Poems 133 . mo chreach chráite . . . alas! Celtica i 93.167 . mo chreach don bhuídhin (imprecation ?), Párl. na mB. 2378 .

Compds. With nouns: crodh ┐ creachairgthe na criche, Hugh Roe² 192.y . Tír Mac C. na ccrechár, Top. Poems² 491 . ar an ccreachgoid, IGT Introd. § 103 . fri crechbhrath, Gorm. 6 . crechdighail mor `retaliatory depredation', AU i 520.7 . creach ghabháil la C. dar Sh. nA., AFM ii 922.z . ar dháigh chreachlomtha pillaging, v 1566.5 . crechloscad na Cundai, Ann. Conn. 1405.4 . ? tenn in chrechmuirn (of a horse), RC xxxvi 263 § 23 . ar cuairt crechól `a foray of plunder and drinking', BCC 290.27 . D. mac C. na ccreac[h]ród, Caithr. CC 45 . dol doib . . . for crechruathur, Ann. Conn. 1386.6 . eng ┐ foillecht an chreach-shloigh, Hugh Roe² 82.23 . crechsluaghadh `a foray hosting', AU ii 114.10 .

With adjj.: i n-Óe Cúalann crech-adbail, Metr. Dinds. iii 114.64 . inghean Cathail chreacharnaidh ` bold-raiding ', Magauran 4168 . rí . . . creach-beodha, Hy Maine 133.y .

With adjj. derived from nouns: ri croda creachdimsach, BB 411b40 . la Ingcél Cáech crechdulig by Ingcél Cáech [who was] unyielding in plundering, Three Historical Poems 152 q. 122d . itt . . . .é cendbeca . . . crechfobdi, LU 6911 = crechḟoibdidi, BDD² 465 `swift to raid(?)', Gloss. ri . . . creach-indsaightheach, Hy Maine 138.9 . mac C. creachlaemdha, BB 61a45 . fer . . . crechlinmair, ALC ii 188.2 . ind ḟir chairdig crechloṅgaig of the plundering ships, LL 17683 . mac tairsigh . . . chrechnoisigh plunder-famous, O'Curry 1468 ( H 3.18, 652 ). sladaighe creach-reilgeach = un voleur sacrilege, Trompa na bhF. 584 . in righ croda creachuathmur, BB 418b22 .

With vbs.: creachloisscid crīoch C. co léir, ZCP xiv 221.2 . ro creachoirgeadh . . . a n-ermhor, AFM iv 764.10 .

creiti

Cite this: eDIL s.v. creiti or dil.ie/12846

 

vbl. of necess. of creitid: in creti dúnni `are we to believe?' Ml. 96b5 . conid ed . . . as chreti, LU 2608 . is ed as chretithe (sic), 2587 . ní creidthe ód dhán / nach dearna etc., Content. vi 115 . súil . . . dar creite i gcath who can be relied upon, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 109 § 7 . éanghuidhe ara creidthe cion `I should be fond of', PBocht 11A.2 .

crí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. crí or dil.ie/12895
Last Revised: 2013

 

n indecl. f. i corpchrí adglain 'in very pure bodily form' Celtica xx 187 . For gender cf. isī in crī fotbrēna, ACL iii 311 § 4 (is aigi nobreána, v.l. isa cion ron brena, AFM ii 618.12 ). body, flesh , used almost exclusively in verse, in prose replaced by corp: inrí doruasat cechcri, SR 7871 . cia rosdechraig innacri distinguished them in form, 7877 . feib ro mairn a chrotha c.¤ `shapely form', Metr. Dinds. iii 450.19 . hi colla c.¤ `in carnal shape', AFM ii 616.19 . na huile anmand rothecht c.¤ ┐ bethaid, MacCarthy 50.1 . calma a c.¤ ` form ', CRR 19 . do ch.¤ churad, LL 17124 . Crist conic mo ch.¤ , 39038 ( SG 386.13 ). is let mo ch.¤ is let mo chorp, ZCP i 497.8 . cloidem orduirrn for a cri `body', Aen. 1933 . Of leaving the body, dying: ria ndul am (= óm) chri, LL 374b37 . intan noscairiub frim ch.¤ , ZCP vii 308.28 .

V. freq. with prep. IN-: a rigdorais . . . triasar chin i c.¤ / . . . Isu was born in the flesh, Ir. Lit. 96.y . Crist, ro-chés i c.¤ , Metr. Dinds. i 26.185 . ? im noin goet a chorp hi c.¤ `in the side', KMMisc. 150.50 . ? cóigear gan chreideamh i gc.¤ `in their hearts', Keat. ii 2468 . Hence i c.¤ in the flesh, alive : nifail hic.¤ . . . / acht mad inrí, SR 311 . cach lá i tú i c.¤ , LU 9957 . ní ḟail do chreitim it ch.¤ `in thy . . . lifetime', Metr. Dinds. iii 182.199 . lat chátaid it ch.¤ (chli, v.l.) chena `all thy days', 178.151 . ni thanic rí bad chommaith i c.¤ ri C., was never born, LL 6511 ( RC xxxvi 264 ).

Compd. oc clerib cridochtaib, LU 674 ( ACC 30 ).

cucann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cucann or dil.ie/13411

 

Forms: cuigean, cuigeann, cucain

n ā, f. (Lat. coquina, Bidrag 119 n.1 . GOI § 974 ) cuigean, cuigeann f., IGT Decl. § 54 .

(a) kitchen : c.¤ gl. cocina, Sg. 51b4 . c.¤ no cuilae gl. colina, 5 . c.¤ gl. pistrinum, 49b15 . latine . . . cucina cucend, O'Mulc. 254 . cuicinn a cocina, ō c[h]istenaigh, Corm. Y 240 . do cucin, Mon. Tall. 143.30 . inad . . . na cuicni ┐ in tige aiged, Three Hom. 34.30 . ind inis inna cuicne `of the kitchen-yard', Hib. Min. 66 § 9 . ? ba ger cogand, Anecd. i 58 § 64 . cion chugainn, Aithd. D. 7.2 . a cuigind, IGT Decl. ex. 1400 .

(b) provision, ration of food : cucan gl. penus, Sg. 68a7 . 107b4 . in cucain (a s.) gl. penus, 68b1 . cocan gl. pensa [pensum], Ir. Gl. 245 . cugan gl. penus, 572 . nosforbred cech cuccán (sic) atchíd ┐ da thimthired, Three Hom. 58.13 = quodcunque . . . de cibis, Lat. Lives 68 § 63 .

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