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Your search returned 42 result(s).

ainidan

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainidan or dil.ie/1395

 

adj (idan) impure: anidan .i. an-idan .i. an fo dīultad, idan immorro .i. idon ab eo quod est idoneus .i. tairisi, Corm. Y 78 . escoman .i. anidhan, O'Dav. 462 . cith anidan ind cách is idan sancto `though all (who bring it) be impure it is pure for him who is holy', Mon. Tall. 160.1 . ro indarb P. . . . an treide so (i.e. Teinm Laega, etc.) onaib filedaib . . . uair rob anidan, Laws i 44.14 Comm. ainidun cech necubus ii 2.5 . anidan gach nanfoltach cidh mórda, O'D. 553 (H. 3.17, 437) `wanting full legal status', Plummer MS. notes.

As subst. ainced idnu cuimriged essidnu (ainidnu v.l), Tec. Corm. § 2.16 . go nemhdhidion gach ainiodhain, Ériu xiii 18.3 . dligid anidhan urchailedh, Anecd. iii 14.20 .

aíntech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aíntech or dil.ie/1539

 

adj o, ā (2 aín) abstemious, ascetic: cresinech .i. faiscti .i. áintech, Fél.² xlv § 4 = O'Dav. 447 . cith áointech bat romor a abstinait `if ascetic [it is said] that his abstinence is excessive', Mon. Tall. 159.2 (§ 76) . is áintech troiscthech dona deibh iatsom `abstinent and fasting for the gods', Marco P. 179 . fear aintech áibhinn almsanach, RC xii 320 § 1 . an t-érlamh áointeach (: -fáoiltech), BNnÉ 278 § 262 . ba haintech, ba hannac, Lism. L. 1694 . ba haointech ba measardha, AFM i 304.10 . iar mbeathaidh aointigh, ernaighthigh, ii 1032.13 .

1 airbe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 airbe or dil.ie/1609
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: Airbiu

vn. of ar-fen. io, [n.] d s. Airbiu, LL 14067 . Later f. (often as dental stem) oirbe, IGT Decl. § 3 .

(a) hedge, fence, paling: ní bíd clad na hairbi na caissle im thír, LU 10568 . cūaille airbed inna lāim, Cáin Ad. § 3 . dogníther cuairt nairbed uime, Thr. Ir. Gl. 22.29 = d'imbe, Corm. Y 674 . teit C. . . . ┐ ataig a thraig fri airrbe, LL 14115 . bla cuaille airbi, Laws iii 290.10 . caithe tar a.¤ , iv 124.z Comm. teit tar airbid do saigid feoir aili, 110.27 Comm. aithgin na n-aile ┐ na n-a.¤ ón macc, i 98.8 Comm. re hoiledaib ┐ re hairbedaibh, iii 186.2 Comm. ailedha ┐ airbedha, O'Dav. 281 . cith . . . cor bris gach oirbi i tarla, RC xviii 151.3 (Tig.). a tighe ┐ a airbeadha, AFM ii 652.3 . co ndernsat daingen airbhe etorra ┐ a namhaitt, vi 2220.17 . a.¤ druad druidic hedge, name of some magic obstruction to keep off an enemy (see TTr. p. 129 , V. SS. Hib. i clxi ): co raeirgatar a n-airbeda drúad impu, LL 239a47 ( TTr. 1672 ). F. . . . as é do righne ind erbhe ndruadh do Diarmait, AFM i 194.11 . Fig. a a.¤ ibair ` yew fence ' (term of reproach addr. to a person), Bruchst. i 27 § 60 . Mathias tend eirbe, Gorm. Jan. 30 . Of a shield: gur bo hoirbhe tréitholl . . . an tromsgiath don toinnseamh sin, ML 88.17 . Cf. tolla. (1 toll).

(b) Various applications. pen for animals: acht bid o lias no a.¤ adriastar a laegh `provided it be in . . . a pen her calf is tied', Laws iii 228.7 . tuircc airrbe, O'Curry 881 ( H 3.18, 394b ); 'a pen-reared(?) boar' EIF 85 . a brog no a lamann do fagbail don gataid a mbel na ha.¤ , 2427 ( Eg. 88, 33(34)d ). maic becca doairchellat bó ┐ cethra olchena im airbhetha `within their pens', Ériu ii 206 § 26 . ruba lín in fiada .i. cosa in lín .i. osairbe . . . .i. fer benas ruba lin i tír a chéli cin athchomarc .i. . . . in a.¤ (of catching game by driving it into a space enclosed by a deer-fence), O'Dav. 1366 . le hosnaduibh elbhadh / a n-orsanaibh oirbedh, IGT Decl. ex. 156 . Of the ribs of the body: airbhe .i. asna, O'Cl. co ndrochradar . . . doid fri dóid . . . ┐ airbhi fri hairbhi, TBC-LL¹ p. 381 n.6 . acc aicsin a airrbhi bháin / forsan tráigh ós Aingi uair, AFM i 480.15 . a dá a.¤ `his two ribs', Metr. Dinds. iii 372.87 . toidet . . . a.¤ in mīl mhōir, Ériu ii 124 § 71 . Of fighting-men phalanx, serried rank: cenmotha na ha.¤ mora Maicedondai, Alex. 43 . athe regdai a n-airrbe friu, Rawl. 83b12 (= airbre, Ériu vi 121.z ). crothais A. a.¤ īath nEthomuin, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 17 § 3 ( Rawl. 116c 13 ). na hairbheda órarmacha, Caithr. Thoirdh. 41.10 . ag taobscannradh a tiugoirbedh `their close-packed files', 67.38 . do dhruim comharc . . . nó togharma an airbhe, L. Cl. A. B. 46.38 . go rabatar na rígcholna ina réidairbedaib ar na raonródaib (description of carnage), Caithr. Thoirdh. 42.6 . fálairbi ferrda . . . Frangc, MR 214.17 . gor ba a.¤ aighbéil anrata iat-sein eturru (of raised weapons), 140.11 . In n.loc. A.¤ Roḟir in Conaille Murthemne, see Walsh, ZCP viii 555 . Dún na nAirbed, LU 399 .

Cf. eirbe.

aithléine

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aithléine or dil.ie/2734

 

n (léine) cast-off smock: athléne gl. antiquula, Ir. Gl. 155 . indiū tatham dom ṡēme / ní melim cith athlēne, Otia i 122 § 2 .

aurlatu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aurlatu or dil.ie/5028

 

Forms: a., a., erlatu, irlatu, aurlatid, aurlatath, erlatad, erlataid, nerlattaid

n t, m. (cf. airlithe?) obedience, submission: urlataidh .i. umhalóid, O'Cl. In O. Ir. glossing oboedientia, etc. n s. a.¤ , Wb. 33c7 . a.¤ gl. subditae estote, 27c3 . erlatu, Ml. 60b16 . irlatu, Wb. 7c2 . a s. in aurlatid , Wb. 6d16 . a.¤ , 7c15 . g s. ind aurlatath , Wb. 3b17 . erlatad gl. obediendi, Ml. 120d18 . d s. erlataid, Ml. 65d9 . a.¤ , Wb. 3b14 . 6c27 . 14a31 . atomriug indiu . . . i nerlattaid aingel, Thes. ii 355.5 . Later exx.: durnaisci .i. grēscu . . . nó urlato, O'Mulc. 326 . esced .i. es[s]cith .i. nī scīth ar aurlataid, O'Mulc. 435 . dia tíasat fri haurlataid / d'obair immalle, Ériu iii 102 § 27b . macc umalóti ┐ erlatad, PH 4204 . erlatu ┐ umaldoit doib, Ériu vii 140.21 . da óclach déc dochotar for nem la Molasse cen galur log a n-arlettad, LL 373c56 . in ócaes don erlataid, LB 261b50 (dond humallóit (do urlataigh v.l.), ACL iii 314 § 26 ). co n-erslataid (sic), 261b23 . isim scíthach tar é[i]s na trí lethanach sin do chur fá úrlataidh getting under control, getting written(?) (scribal note), O'Gr. Cat. 146.36 . adracht suas Odran erlathad `readily', Lism. L. 1014 (cf. airlataid).

cách

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cách or dil.ie/7529
Last Revised: 2019

 

pron. the one, each, everyone, all, etc. gen. cáich, later also cáig ( chách, Párl. na mB. 985 , 1038 v.l.). IGT Decl. § 64 . Takes sg. vb., in later lang. either sg. or pl. (see PH 1053 , 1426 , DDána, Aithd. D.). As antecedent of rel. clause often with prec. art. in. Note also: cith anidan ind c.¤ `though all (who bring it) be impure', Mon. Tall. 160.2 . don c[h]ach sin to each of those(?), Laws iv 196.22 Comm. Unstressed form cach (separate entry). See GOI 310 - 11 ; O'Brien, Ir. Hist. Stud. i 351 .

(a) In general sense (the) one, each one, everyone, all, all others, the rest : do Duaid sech c.¤ , Ml. 36c11 . diglae for cach, 37c21 . hua ch.¤ , 56b45 . dibochtai chaich, 61a9 . dulogaid do ch.¤ `ye forgive everyone', 65a10 . it huaisliu c.¤ gl. transcendis, 108d2 . dénum maith fri c.¤ gl. operemur bonum ad omnes, Wb. 20c17 . precept do c.¤ gl. Grecis et Barbaris, sapientibus et insipientibus debitor sum, 1b8 . a n-imdibe adchi c.¤ , 2a2 . doberat maldact in for c.¤ , 2a23 . is dílmain la c.¤ ar n-orcun-ni, 4b23 . is sain dán cáich, 5d5 . nertad ch.¤ `let him encourage everyone', 5d11 . a n-as maith la c.¤ dénad gl. unusquisque, 6b18 . taiccéra c.¤ dará chen fessin gl. unusquisque nostrum, 6b28 . ícce caích tri iriss gl. dies salutis, 15d24 . ni fiad ch.¤ gl. seorsum his . . . , 18d8 . i taig ríg amal . . . i taig cáich, gl. in ceteris omnibus, 23b9 . condid diib ro gab c.¤ deissemrecht gl. omnibus credentibus, 24c14 . nad soiriu cach `is not nobler than anyone (else)', Sg. 161b10 . cáich auuair `every man's in turn', Thes. ii 235.15 . is cāich a hūair a n-āros so, ZCP viii 312.3 . sluind dó ri cāch brēthir, beir dó ri cāch brēthir, xi 80.22 . ma fri cinta caich fadesin gabur athgabail `of the person himself', Laws ii 100.8 . amra! amra! ol c.¤ they all said, TBFr. 290 . lí súla cáich, LU 8319 ( FB 23 ). ropo thír cāich ala n-úair it belonged to others, Hail Brigit 2 . i ndíaid cāich after everyone else, BColm. 94.28 . nach síoth broide cheanglaid c.¤ , DDána 3.9 . mór do ch.¤ do chuaidh, PBocht 5.41 `much of the world', notes. c.¤ `thy foes', Aithd. D. 20.23 . nachar scríobh neach oile do c.¤ `none of the others', Keat. iii 441 . gibē ele do ch.¤ `of the rest', RSClára 134b . ní fiú éin-ní c.¤ = nihil prosunt caetera, TSh. 9402 . fear mar chach an ordinary man, Luc. Fid. 5060 , Dánta Gr. 34.24 . fonn . . . a cc.¤ eile dhá mholadh to be fond of being praised by others, Desid. 765 . arnach dechsad fo cāch inro triallsat `that it might not get about', Grail 3356 . luid L. dano cumma cháich with the rest, Fing. R. 339 . a ccumma chaigh, Hugh Roe² 10.9 .

(b) In sequence cách . . . alaile the one . . . the other, one another, each other : c.¤ fri alaile gl. inuicem, Wb. 1c1 ; 5d15 , 21d12 , 22b9 . is ball c.¤ dialailiu gl. alter altirius, 5d4 . con rochra c.¤ alaile gl. in alterutrum, 6d1 . forcanad c.¤ alaile gl. loquentes uobismet ipsís in salmis, 22c8 . ó ch.¤ dialailiu, Críth G. 9 . cotnerig cach díb diaraili rose up against each other (of three warriors), LU 8993 ( FB 74 ). With céile: natiubrad c.¤ a chéle gl. inuicem, Wb. 9d20 . celebrais c.¤ dia-cheile díb, RC iii 180.5 .

(c) With follg. prep. DI, ó in partitive sense: ní tucai c.¤ dib belrae alaili gl. nulla gens, Ml. 42c7 . cach díb i ndiad alaili gl. ut semen eius continua successione regnaret, 42b5 . c.¤ díob, Mon. Tall. 132.14 . c.¤ úaib contra alium gl. inuicem, Wb. 25a34 . tuitfidh c.¤ uaibh you will all fall, DDána 10.2 . See cach I (d).

(d) With follg. emphasizing word: cach uile, LB 132b11 . re cach etir `with the rest', Cog. 168.13 . do fen . . . ┐ do chach archena, TTebe 1500 .

(e) With follg. rel. clause he (who) (see O'Brien, loc. cit., Bergin, OIPG 208 ) everyone (who), all (who) (the sg. and distributive senses cannot in all cases be distinguished with certainty): aineclann cháich as a aí of the owner (of a mill), Críth G. 240 . bennacht for cach ó tuctha on him who has given it, Vita Br. 27 . bennacht . . . for cach donancamar, Anecd. i 11.19 ( SCano 350 ). ba calma cach isa cend `valorous was he', Ériu v 244.205 . c.¤ thanic and (in cách, v.l.) he who is there, TBC-LL¹ 5290 . In sense of everyone, all : ó ch.¤ nád fil and gl. quicunque sunt fratres, Wb. 24b30 . sech c.¤ fodglein olchene `beyond all others who learn it', Ml. 37b12 . c.¤ rodgab `every one who has sung it', Thes. ii 349.8 (Hy. ii). do-bebae do-beba . . . cāch boī cāch bias, ZCP xi 85 § 37 . mairg c.¤ roda-ortsom, Fél. Prol. 57 .

(f) With preceding article in singular sense: ni thucci in c.¤ rod chluinethar he that hears it, Wb. 12c46 (see OIPG 208 ). in cāch dosfuc do bethu, Thes. ii 316.4 (Hy. ii). menmain (accus.) iond caich dia n-aisnedtar, Mon. Tall. 127.19 . in cach ferus na fuili he who inflicts, BCrólige 58 n.1 . cosin c.¤ no charim. Fél. Ep. 50 . fo bíth . . . in cháich o tudchad, LU 3431 ( SCC 20 ). mo-ngenar do'n chach do-s-gní, PH 8423 . gach cara . . . / loiteas an c.¤ nos carond `who injures his lover', O'Hara 1270 . croidheadha an cháich léghfeas, Desid. 120 . In sense of everyone, all : in c.¤ dobeir . . . frisin c.¤ diatabir `every one' (he who ?), Sg. 188a31 . in c.¤ gl. omnis . . . qui . . . , Ml. 43a1 . ní lat in c.¤ forsa mmitter, Wb. 6b22 everyone ? (perh. he who , Bergin, OIPG 208 ). tri hiris in cháich cretes, 2b11 . for in cach is rig `against every king', Laws iv 52.12 . dígde ind caich rocradis `to beseech pardon of everyone thou hast offended', Mon. Tall. 141.25 . Pl. sense seems intended in: is foirbthe in c.¤ diaro scribad et ni ecen acairigud ref. to omnibus sanctis, Wb. 23a10 . don chach frisambí immalde de aos sruith `in regard to such elderly people as live with him', Mon. Tall. 152.23 . ag díubhrugud in cháich boí annsa tor, Cóir Anm. 146 . So also: robtar foiltigh remibh an c.¤ baoi fora ccind, Hugh Roe² 50.9 .

(g) In phr. ar ch.¤ , a ch.¤ , sa ch.¤ in general, on the whole : truagh sa ch.¤ an comhorrtha `what a sad portent', O'Hara 1588 . ? aonrāith a gc.¤ do choigleas, Butler Poems 930 `of all dwellings the one I have chosen', Gloss. Usually with comparatives indicating successive increases in the quality denoted by the adj. (Engl. bigger and bigger, the bigger): trummu á peccad ar ch.¤ nachmod formberat `their sin is heavier and heavier as they increase', Ml. 71c1 . combat foirbthiu ar ch.¤ for ṅgnímae `more and more perfect', Wb. 13d29 . ní ba messu ar ch.¤ a ngné, Metr. Dinds. ii 22.56 . is ferr a chāch it is better than ever, Bruchst. i 62 § 141 . iss messa a cach ar cach ló, IT i 121.23 ( TE 7 Eg.). ní ba mó ach.¤ óṡeo immach ever greater, Metr. Dinds. iii 46.83 . ni bot scithæ acach at all, RC xii 82 § 80 . fuaire a ch.¤ a-taoi fám chionn ever colder. Dánta Gr. 86.8 . With omission in writing of unstressed a: iss assu 'ch.¤ lind, MacCongl. 103.18 . budh truime ch.¤ ar gcodladh, Dán Dé xvii 6 . núidhe ch.¤ , PBocht 1.38 . With sa: ní mo ní lugu sa chach hí it is neither bigger nor smaller, BB 262b19 . fa ferr sa c.¤ do bi sí an uair sin féin it grew better and better from that very time, ITS xvi 56.18 . teirce sa c.¤ mo charuid, KMMisc. 358.9 . móide sa c.¤ do chuntas, A. Ó Dálaigh xl 7 . nī lugha-sa-chāch nō `not less than', Fl. Earls 70.8 . ní lughaide-sa-chāch roimeglaighset `nevertheless', 30.31 .

? teccait āigid, fācboit ail, / saigit go glain nGāidil ngil / nocha chumai cāch is cách / dia ferta-sa an fāth, a fir, ZCP xii 292.10 .

1 calad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 calad or dil.ie/8029

 

Forms: caladh

n o, m. (Low Latin calatum, Stokes Ling. Val. Ir. Ann. 71 ; but probably subst. use of 2 calad) shore, port, landing-place; land (as opposed to sea): caladh `a porch (leg. port?) a haven', Eg. Gl. 203 . caladh .i. cuan, O'Cl. na taisc do churach co c.¤ do chaladaib Herend, LL 12698 ( RC xiv 408 § 17 ). ó imell an longphuirt co caladh (bord, v.l.) in mara `seaport', CCath. 1741 . ar cruadh-ghaethaibh caladh `against the strong streams from the land', MR 288.5 . a inghean og ḟind / a caladh na craebh, IGT Metr. Faults§ 64 = o inbear na craebh, ib. cith-anfad cuan-trachta calaid `on the haven', MR 236.19 . uain calaidh the time to seek harbour, PBocht 26.7 . sraighlid di clochaib na caladh, RC ix 470.z (g pl. ?). é ré calaidh ná congaibh (: tabhair) delay him not, DDána 58.15 . i ccaladh locha techet `at the callow of Lough Techet', AFM iv 726.14 (see note). ón tráth thriallas a cuan a ghein-eamhna go caladh a chríche (of homo viator), TSh. 2385 . ré mbaidb calaidh Chorcaighi `the raven of Corcach's callow', Caithr. Thoirdh. 67.10 . ní baoí bó ar oilén . . . nár chuirset goill ar caladh in aon ló `carry off to the shore', AFM iii 280.1 (mainland ?). gan bhréagnadh do rachainn don Éigipt tar caladh `across the sea', O'Rah. 168.5 .

In game of táiplis home, finishing point : cuir an t-aon a gcaluith (ccaladh, v.l.), Ériu xvii 13.20 . See p. 13 .

beirid i c.¤ brings safe, places in safety : biaid a ord i mbreith a muntire i c.¤ , LL 24842 . bess nacha bertha a c.¤ / me a Fodla na findchalad, Prolegomena 44 § 12 . mena beram i c.¤ if we do not succeed, LL 31665 ( TTr. 852 ) = mani ructhar i c.¤ , TTr.² 318 . gaibid c.¤ (i n-) lands (at): imon airer inar' gabsat c.¤ `where they had landed', Aen. 290 . co rogaib sium calath comnart, MacCongl. 85.22 .

Compds. With adj.: ón [O]chrómín chalathchruaidh, LL 31985 (`hard, obdurate', TTr. 1170 ). in chuigidh caladh-réidh `of smooth callows', Hy Maine 134.6 .

In n. loc. see Hog. Onom.

ceithern

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ceithern or dil.ie/8533

 

Forms: -nn, ceithrenn, -irne, c.

n ā f. Also -nn and later ceithrenn. Pl. also -irne. c.¤ (ceithreann, v.l.) f., IGT Decl. § 12 (61.z) . kern(e) (as collect.), band of fighting-men; band or collection of persons in general: cethern .i. coire aimite, unde dicitur cethernach.¤ Cethern didiu, cith cath ┐ orn orgain, Corm. Y 295 . cethirn comlain (dat. of accompaniment), SR 3538 . rom bía-sa cethern lib condeochaindsea do thabairt cobra dó desin, LU 5906 (TBC). ar cethernd aile quoth some others, (another? See below), 1909 . abaigh ceall go cethernaibh `soldiery', Ériu xviii 72 § 62 . undsea chethirn ṅ-gilla, TBC-LL¹ 5762 . comrac da ceithernn . . . Munter T. ┐ Mundter C., RC xviii 21.18 . iss é ra marb i[n] cethirnn mbric `the speckled kerne', Ann. Inisf. 1206.7 . ac biathadh mu ceitheirne, Acall. 524 . ar coimge don cethirn may the band (of saints) protect us, Gorm. May 27 . eccla ṡústa duirn dīabuil / cona c[h]eithirn guirm ghlóraigh, ACL iii 216.16 . ón cheithrinn chródha, Duan. F. ii xxxvi 2 . gidh bé ceithearna ad-chíthir, DDána 102.30 . ríoghdhacht chonnláin cheithirne, IGT Decl. ex. 589 . cethrinna ┐ macaimh . . . in bhaile, Smaointe B. Chr. 2965 . ceitheirne móra do shladaidhthib, SG 10.8 = turba latronum, V. SS. Hib. i 225 § 19 . sreith coinnmhedh ┐ ceitherna . . . do choscc `abolished the taxes of Coigny, Kernetty', AFM v 1686.3 (`Kernetty—this was a tax on every ploughland for the maintenance of the Lord's kerne', note. Separate derivative?).

With qual. gen.: ceithearn coilleadh clann Ádhuimh outlaw band, DDána 10.1 . ag caomhna na ceithirne coille ┐ na ndíbherccach, AFM v 1546.z . cethirna comlaind, TTebe 1477 . c.¤ congmhala an bhaile hired soldiers, AFM iii 558.9 . an macradh ina cethairn tigi domestic troop, SG 42.2 . ar son na cethernne timchill `bodyguard', BColm. 102.3 .

The singulative sense, well attested in the Engl. loanword (see N.E.D.) may occur in: is i cethern is dech la ri Temra . . . a gilla con, CF 73.25 ; cf. LU 1909 cited above and Meyer Contribb.

Compd. campa conghaireach ceithernlíonmhar, AFM vi 1884.8 .

2 cía

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 cía or dil.ie/8966
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: ce, ci, cení, ceni, cini, céa, gia, ga, cethuc, ciaso, ciarba, ciaso, cia, cesu, ceso, cinidlúith, cinid, cinith, cenid, cenid, cenutad, cenotad, cenuded, cetothóisegu, cetu, ceto, ciato, ciabaderóil, ciabaloingthech, ciafa, cid, cith, ced, ceith, ceth, cinip, cenip, cenib, cit, cinbat, cenibed, citis, cetis, ciabsa, cepu, ciabu, cíabo, ciaptar, cebtar, céptar, cíaptar, ciarpsa, cíarbu, cíarbo, cinirbo, gidh, cíasa, cidat, cesu, cīas, cíammin, gidat, ge, gé, gé, ceinip, cenip, cér, cepsi, cíamtis, cía, cíambad, ciambad, cemadh, gembo, gémadh, ciamdis, cíamtis, cenptís, ciarb, cer, gér, gér, gé, cersat, cid

conj. (a use of 1 cía, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 206 , Bergin, Ériu xii 206 . Not a use of 1 cía, Greene, Ériu xxi 92 - 3 ) In O. Ir. also ce ( GOI 34 ). Before initial vowels also ci. Neg. cení, ceni, cini ( GOI 561 ). céa, Trip.² 444 . gia, SR 2885 . ga, LL 8354 (TBC). In later lang. gé ( GOI 111 ). giodh re hucht n-innsgne ┐ molta ┐ bfocuil, ┐ gé re hucht n-oibrighthe, acht gurab cóir giodh gonta no a leithéid eile, IGT Introd. 8.1 (for giodh see infra). On gé do in past tense in class. lang. see Duan. Finn Gloss. gér chreid, Dán Dé xx 38 . gé go ttainic, Duan. F. ii 368 § 26 . In later lang. often reinforced by acht: acht gé tá, DDána 20.17 . acht ge bhadar, Stair Erc. 1471 . As a rule unstressed, cf. TD 15.28 note. But the form giodh is in list of words which may rhyme, Bard. Synt. Tr. 30.27 , the sense in available exx. being even (see infra): giodh: miodh, 39 = DDána 84.18 . As a rule leniting, GOI 561 . But not in copula forms ce-pu, cia-ptar. Isolated exx. with gemination (no ref.), GOI 145 . Not a conj. particle, and takes absol. and deut. form of vb. in O. Ir. (though it takes conj. form of pret. of copula, GOI 491 ). Cf. also: cethuc, Thes. ii 225.19 (PCr.). cé betis secht tengtha / im gin, Fél. Ep. 125 . See Mulchrone, Celtica v 143 . Occasionally folld. by rel. clause: ciararubartat biuth, Ml. 91b1 ( GOI 320 ). Cf. acht gé bhíos 'na bheathaidh, TSh. 1222 .

Somet. replaced as simple conj. by cid etc. (presum. cía + subj. pres. 3 s. of copula, see infra): ced donecmai, Mon. Tall. 146.19 . cid dognether ess usci, 143.18 . cid arfaomtar ní, 148.17 . cid fogluasa though . . . may, 152.1 . cid chodala a lórtid, 161.27 . cid ro chloí, LL 521 . gidh atá, ML 56.11 . gidh atáid, RSClára 54a . acht gidh do bhí, Eochairsg. 31.3 . acht cid bíd, Maund. 215 .

Forms with copula. Indic. pres. 2 s. ciaso, LL 344a32 = ciarba, Tec. Corm. 12.7 . 3 s. (leniting) ciasu, Wb. 11c17 . 12a5 . 19a20 . Ml. 26c4 . 26d12 . 67a4 . 67d24 . ciaso, Wb. 28c14 . Sg. 211b7 . cia so, 204a8 . cesu, Wb. 21d13 . Sg. 38a1 . 41b10 . 59a6 . 78b2 . 90a5 . 91a3 . 137b2 . 158a2 . 217b12 . ceso, 21a1 . 206a3 . With neg. cinidlúith lib, Wb. 12b9 . cinid airi, Sg. 35b13 . cinith mút, 5b4 . cenid, Ml. 42b7 . 44c26 . cenid, Sg. 181b4 . 202a5 . 2 pl. cenutad, Wb. 4a10 . cenotad, 33b8 . cenuded, Thes. i 713.25 . (archaic, GOI 485 ). 3 pl. cetothóisegu, Wb. 18d14 . cetu chummascthai, Sg. 62a2 . ceto écintecha, 203b10 . ciato chomṡruithi, Críth G. 493 . Subj. pres. 1 s. ciabaderóil, Wb. 18a7 . 2 s. ciabaloingthech, Wb. 6c9 . ciafa firián, Ml. 36a32 . 3 s. cid, cith , ced, ceith, ceth passim (see below). cinip, Wb. 11d15 . cinip . . . cenip , Ml. 59a23 . cenib, 24d22 . 3 pl. cit, Wb. 4d4 , 5 , 9a12 . 12a13 . Sg. 207b11 . cinbat, Wb. 4d6 . Subj. impf. 3 s. ce bad hé frisandénte, Wb. 9c24 . cenibed áainmsom bes foir, Ml. 23d17 . 3 pl. citis, cetis cited GOI 490 . Pret. 1 s. ciabsa .i. ge do bhí mé, O'Cl. 3 s. cepu, Wb. 2c25 . 4c35 . ciabu, Ml. 24c12 . cíabo cited GOI 491 . 3 pl. ciaptar, Ml. 98c5 . cebtar, Wb. 4a8 . céptar, Fél. Prol. 74 . cíaptar, Ep. 14 . Perf. 1 s. ciarpsa, Wb. 30a6 . 3 s. cíarbu, 13b8 . cíarbo, ibid. cinirbo, 24c22 .

Forms from later sources. Indic. pres. 1 s. gidh um, RSClára 55b . 2 s. cíasa, Trip.² 1282 . cidat, TFerbe 638 . 3 s. cesu, LU 3799 ( SCC 37 ). MacCarthy 400.6 . cīas, Sc.M² 22d . 1 pl. cíammin, BDD² 329 . 3 pl. gidat, Anecd. ii 24 § 14 . Subj. pres. 3 s. ge, ZCP viii 116.28 . gé mídhiongmhála mé, RSClára 39a . gé leor, TD 20. 13 v.l. (more correctly giodh as in text, IGT Introd. cited above). ceinip, IT iii 239.122 . cenip, MU² 905 . cér' maith dogné, MacCarthy 66.4 . ? cepsi derb `of a sooth', Arch. Hib. iv 206 § 16 . Impf. 3 s. (cíambad, cíamtis perh. from cía no bad, betis, IT i Wtb. s.v. 3 cia ; modelled on díambad, Bergin, Ériu xii 206 n.2 ): cíambad, MU² 140 . ciambad, Airne F. 89 . cemadh, CCath. 5415 . gid mad, TTebe 1011 . ? gembo, IT iii 94.12 . In later lang. freq. gémadh. 3 pl. ciamdis, Anecd. i 21.5 . cíamtis, LU 2285 ( FA 34 ). cenptís, Fing. R. 230 . Pret. and perf. 3 s. ciarb, LL 22662 (CRR). cer gním, 28196 ( Metr. Dinds. ii 74.30 ). gér mhaith, TD 14.29 . gér ba, SG 168.z . gé gurb, Dánfhocail 64 . cérbat, LB 138a23 ( Todd Lect. vi 64 ). cersat, 4a5 ( PH 250 ).

I With follg. subjunctive.

(a) if, even if, in the case that, in the event that (often almost identical in meaning with má, Bergin, Ériu xii 206 ): ceimroimsimmis `if we should sin', Wb. 9c10 . batorad saithir dúnn . . . cedumelmis cechtuari et cedugnemmis andugniat ar céli, 10c21 . cia sulbiriger gl. si orem lingua, 12d10 . ceni-thaisid ar ois `unless ye go thus willingly', Ml. 33b15 . cenis-nícae `if Thou save them not', 88b7 . ci insamlar gl. si eos imitor, Sg. 1b1 . ceni et huaitsiu if I don't get (it) from you, Vita Br. 25 . trí toichnedai . . . cia be[i]th rí etc. (one is) the case in which a king is . . . , Críth G. 548 . cenis beith biad acht rusbeth deog, Vita Br. 23 . ceni therna if he should happen not to return, Irish Texts i 21 § 17 . cia dogne ín bean cinnta should the woman commit crimes, Laws iv 60.26 Comm. ni imdich cia beth cuit do indib `it shall not shelter him that he has a share in them', iv 202.2 . cia fo-certa míach . . . for a mullach if, BDD² 347 . sund cia no chráidem in Ríg / batin aithrig is tir thall, Ériu i 68.14 . ciathias ann, LB 126b33 . ro badh iongnadh . . . / gémadh . . , DDána 42.34 . cía . . . cía, ceni, cen co whether . . . or (not): cenonmolid cenon airid `whether ye praise us, whether ye blame us', Wb. 16a1 . ciatroillet ciniarillet `whether they deserve it, or deserve it not', 31c23 . gerbh āil gin corb áil leō whether they liked it or not, ACL iii 5.33 . cia fogabad cenco fagbad, LL 7328 .

(b) As explic. and final conj. that (but see Ériu xlii 53 ) (frequ. in clauses depending on words meaning good, fitting, permissible , etc. See ZCP xxix 181 . Somet. with perfective subj., GOI 343 , 562 ): is cett lem don aegaire / cía nobeth sund co sona that he should be here happily, BColm. 98.7 . bacoir cena-chomalnithe, Wb. 13a33 . cubaid . . . cé mad i lub-gort, PH 3020 . is dedbir duib ciforrgot `that they destroy', Thes. i 714.14 . badethbir do cinifesed . . . , 3.39 . is dual ┐ is duthaig duib ciadogneiti calma, BB 429b41 . isfo lium ciarafesid `that ye should know it', Wb. 14b20 . immaircide . . . cerubet ipéin ladiabul, 26a23 . cia dulogae doib a nuili torgabala on gl. licet indulgenter omnia contuleris semel electis, Ml. 138b7 . is licet cia nospromae, Ériu i 202.7 . ba loür . . . / . . . comrac frium / ceni lomardais tre barr / mo dá n-ó dim chiunn, Blathm. 94 § 17 . ni maith less cia gabthar do, Wb. 29b5 . nec mirum .i. ciasingbat árim déṡillabche compariti ┐ superlati, Sg. 44b3 . ní mebul lemm ciafadam `I am not ashamed that I suffer it', Wb. 29d27 . ní mór duib cia chomallaide aní . . . `that ye fulfil', Ml. 95c3 . ciat ngneitis niba romh `they should have recognized him immediately', Blathm. 391 . Note also: nísnain ciasberat níntánicc recht the fact of their saying . . . will not protect them, Wb. 1d1 . amal nandéni mascul dindí as auxilium cebeith genitor áarrad the fact of its being accompanied by g. does not make a. a masculine, Sg. 125a6 (alternatively: a. does not become masculine even though accompanied by g.).

(c) although, in spite of the fact that, even though ( GOI 561 ): bésu dagduine ciniestar cachtúari, Wb. 6b23 . ciachondesin farsúli `though I had asked for your eyes', 19d24 . cini eperthe frinn `even though it should not be said to us', 19a5 . cenitormastar homéit istrom cenae ho aicniud even without its being increased, Ml. 20a20 . ciarubé cenní diib nirubai cenaib huli, 20d4 . cechonístis nombetis archuit analoige `though they might be as regards analogy', Sg. 138a9 . canair son ce beith tuaslucud `it is sung, though there be a relaxation', Mon. Tall. 139.4 . cīa dofaetsad nem for talmain, BColm. 104.17 . ? céini rogalta in fēin `though thou hadst not promised', Fianaig. 12.18 . darbord cia bé `haughty though he was', MacCarthy 186.7 . ge deach rī Conaill a ccēin, ZCP viii 116.21 . gé bheith duine go díomhaoin, Dán Dé xxii 5 .

Very freq. with subj. pres. 3 s. of copula cid though (it be), granting that it is: ced nessa cenél neich alailiu, Ml. 115d7 . cid doib doarrchet, Wb. 5a16 (where cid is perh. used as indic., GOI 484 ). cidmebul lib, 3b30 . cith .m. namma scríbthar and, Sg. 28a15 . ceith dichrai a ndaithrigi `however fervent their penitence', Mon. Tall. 134.12 . cid dīthrub Temair, Thes. ii 317.7 (Hy. ii). cit (pl.) réidi reba, Trip.² 1278 . cenid mé in murgelt már, LU 3022 . gidh aoibhneas an domhan mín, Dán Dé xxiii 35 . ciodh glan mo chrábhadh, Keat. iii 1703 . Perh. also: cid etir in fact, indeed, LL 31730 (TTr.). cidh on in any case, O'D. 39 ( H 3.17, 35 ). Note also: gidhedh nogabdais / ō Bh. co B. though they should go from B. to B., ZCP viii 110 § 7 . ní thiobhra an corp cead a mhúinte / a mhacnas orm gidh eadh raibh though that is what I desire, Dán Dé xix 6 . ? cipithair mo mac inn nī romarbthar though my son come, ZCP xiii 178.19 (cf. cid bé s.v. 1 cía ?). With impf. gémadh naomh even though he be a saint, Dán Dé vii 29 . gemadh fili, Stair Erc. 1231 (even ? see infra).

cid . . . cid whether (it be) . . . or: cidcían cidgair, Wb. 3c5 . cid in imniud cid hisocumail beusa, Ml. 53b8 . cid bec cid mar, Sg. 2a7 . ceith mín cid anmín `slightly or strongly', Mon. Tall. 148.24 . cidh islip cidh uaislibh `whether they be plebeians or nobles', Laws iv 26.20 Comm. ainmne is umaldóit certae / cid maith, cid saich, cid bochtae `which set right good and evil and poverty', Ériu iii 104 § 38 . gidh sunn, cidh tall no mairmis, BNnÉ 313 § 5 . With gé: ge garid gé étgene / dit álaib fo chen, LU 10429 ( ZCP iii 258.9 ). With ellipse of second cid: cid cian gairit, IT i 118.13 (TE Eg.). gidh mór beag do bhéaradh sibh be your gift great or small, Dán Dé vi 21 .

Hence in adv. phr. (┐) cid ed however, nevertheless : ┐ cided ón nislán térnatar, LL 256b26 ( TFerbe 429 ). gided tarcid C., LL 11391 (TBC). cid edh, CCath. 3004 . is gidh eadh, DDána 91.12 . gidheadh ag nach bí éinní `yet hath nothing', Proverbs xiii 7 . ┐ gideth, ZCP vi 34.10 . cid ed, CRR 26.3 . ged ed, TTebe 2092 . In narrative: cērbh eadh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 518 .

With subj. pres. 3 s. of copula in sense even (somet. as mere emphasising word). Twice with pl. ending in Wb.: bieit cit geinti hiressich, 4c40 . muscreitfet cithésidi, 5c2 . Apart from these exx. cid is used irrespective of number of follg. noun or pronoun (see GOI 562 ): corrici cíth besti béoa, Thes. i 4.31 . ba apstal cidmoysi `Moses too was an apostle', Wb. 32d14 . ní comalnatsom cid feissne recht `even they themselves fulfil not the Law', 20c22 . amal dundgniat indfilid linni cid insin `even as the poets with us do', Ml. 26b10 . cid na hualcha gl. superba (loquentes), 31c22 . cidnanguide gl. etiam supplicationum (similitudine), 32c18 . cid ostú a Dé `even Thou, O God', 43a18 . cid inna hí ata beca, 62b10 . iscuse cidedon gl. et id actenus, Enchir. Aug. 72b ( ZCP vii 480 ). ceth anísiu `even this', Ériu ii 224.3 . ro thóraind gid tige in dúine sin, FDG² 30 .

Hence in isolated glosses on Lat. particles: cith gl. et, Wb. 22a5 (a prima manu). cid gl. et, Ml. 14a1 . gl. etiam, 24c2b ; Sg. 9a4 . gl. etsi, Ml. 23c4 . gl. iam, 15b2 . 48b14 . gl. quamlibet, 46c16 . gl. quamuís, 55c12 . gl. (iusti)que, 38d3 . gl. quidem, 14a15 . gl. quippe, 127a8a . gl. quoque, 101a13 . Sg. 16a2a , see Études Celt. xi 112 . gl. saltim, Ml. 86c7 . gl. uel, 99a1 .

With follg. prep. and noun: cid cossin nóin, Wb. 2a21 . ceith cenmathá integdais nucut `even besides yonder house', 33a4 . cid etir na cumcai, Ml. 18d24 . cid a techtugad tire, Laws iv 24.20 Comm. nī tibur-so in tinnscra sinee (leg. sin ?) cid ar Meidb Crūachan feissin, ZCP iv 39.9 = ní thibrind i tindscra cid Meidbi insin, TBFr. 185 . cid aire sin namá if only for that reason, Ériu ii 194 § 7 . cid īarna ētsecht `even after his death', BColm. 98.25 .

With adv. cid indemin `even assuredly', Wb. 9c18 . cid inbiucc, Sg. 39a25 . ceit co matain till morning, Mon. Tall. 152.6 .

With verb: cid átrebfea gl. et habitaturum, Ml. 36b14 . cid reminota .i. cid remínetarcnaigedar `that it even prenote', 18c12 . cithisse gl. et qui, Wb. 22a7 (a prima manu). Usually with clause introduced by conj.: cidamba cocuibsid, Ml. 32b21 . asber cid arind molatar inna nime fesin `he even tells the heavens themselves to praise Him', 145d4 . cidrisíu robǽ cland les, Wb. 29d23 . cid co tisad gáeth etorro ┐ talam even to the extent that, LU 8389 ( FB 26 ). is bec cid dia fesstar a chenél `his kin will be almost unknown', RC xxiv 176.5 . cid intan ná torsed F. chucu `even if Ph. should not return', Ériu iv 142.7 . níor fhás giodh acht cáora con not even (?), Bard. Synt. Tr. 30.38 .

With follg. itir: génnti na rochretset cid itir at all, RC xii 426 § 13 . is fodāig na mnā cid etir roferfaider si (sic) fāilti frit `that you get a welcome at all', ZCP v 501.30 . fri re naenuaire cidh itir `even', Ériu 22.31 . acht másu ḟerr cid etir do ḟlaithseo, LL 278b49 .

In more generalized meaning of as to, as regards, as for : ceth Máolruoin nipo calad `as for M. he was not stiff', Mon. Tall. 135.24 . cid aidchi lúoin ma dorona `as to Sunday night, he is to do so if he can', 132.28 . ceith dand erán ┐ den seildind imbe `both as to the bread and the "selann" of butter', 151.24 . is cid Nuadu Necht . . . / romarb Eterscél . . . / . . . is cid Fergus mac Róig, LL 6429 ff. cid cath Ailbe as for, LL 4127 ( RC xxiii 312 ). cid C. dana as regards, TFerbe 326 . In later lang. somet. very vaguely applied. Cf. atbath cidh araill dibh dfuacht, AFM iii 250.5 . ciodh iar ttriol `not long afterwards', 312.11 .

In later lang. somet. with supporting pron.: gidh é doighech na ndernann even the pang, IGT Decl. ex. 799 . cidh iad fiora F. tugadh éccendáil forra, AFM ii 1042.x . ┐ gidh esidhe ni tearna uadh, v 1484.x . Meic Mh. fós—gidh iad ann, TD 4.15 (see note).

With subj. impf. of copula: gembad gar even for a short time, Metr. Dinds. iv 52. 133 .

II With indic. (see GOI 561 . As a rule concessive in this use, but cf. Wb. 16b9 cited below).

(a) With inf. pron. (on the form of 3 s. m. n. see GOI 269 ): cinid arillset, Wb. 4c39 . ciasidroilliset `though they have deserved it', Ml. 77a15 . ni indráigne dúib cininfil lib it is no detriment to you that we are not with you, Wb. 16b9 . cenis pendid `though they do no penance', Mon. Tall. 135.13 .

(b) Where the sense does not require an inf. pron. a particle -(i)d- is infixed, if necessary by means of no- (see GOI 269 , 324 -5). cerudglanta tribathis, Wb. 4a6 . ciarud chualatar ilbélre et cenuslabratar, 12d28 . cinidfil chairi linn, Ml. 30a2 . cenidfetarsa andliged nisin, 55d21 . ciaridberam a céill `although we express their sense', Sg. 26b2 . cenod filchotarsnataith etarru, 29b17 . cenodfil, 192b5 . quanquam .i. cinud, 17a3 . cenit fregart mac ind righ, Blathm. 96 § 24 . méti cénid chocerta, LU 8899 ( FB 68 ). Note also (with subj.): cinidaccastar `though he be not seen', Wb. 26a12 (see note).

Somet. without infix in O. Ir.: ciasbiursa deus etc., Wb. 2b18 . cerubaid fopheccad `though ye were', 3b19 . ciadurat som digail forassaru, Ml. 94c17 . ciabatar degtacrae les `though he had good arguments', Tur. 81 . So regularly in later sources: cení frecmairc coibsina `though he does not ask for confessions', Mon. Tall. 135.15 . cé dogénsam ainmne, ACL iii 295 § 22 . gé ro sgoilt cuirr a chroidhe, Dán Dé xx 29 . gé 'tú, TD 25.42 . gé a-tád, DDána 3.32 . ge ro baoi, AFM v 1734.13 .

1 cith

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Forms: cetha

n u, m. g s. cetha. ceatha, fros, Eg. Gl. 176 . ? Cf. cet .i. tonn, O'Curry 125 ( H 3.18, 75c ).

Shower. Of rain, hail, snow: ra c.¤ snechtaide, LL 24909 . na cet[h]ae dluit[h]e `close . . . showers', CCath. 4953 . cid dogni cithu gaeth cain?, SR 7919 . ceatha troma / do-níd tonna Th., CF² 1454 = cithi crom, Acall. 861 v.l. cith cloichsnechta, Stair Erc. 1551 . ceatha díothchuir na díleand, Celt. Rev. x 139.x . dubhadh ceatha dark shower-cloud, DDána 27A.11 . re hucht an cheatha do chor before the rain fell, 75.22 . c.¤ mor do ferthain, Ann. Conn. 1251.11 . fearthain an chetha íṡin, AFM v 1678.8 .

Of other objects: ós chethaibh fían forngaire `commanding clouds of warriors', Metr. Dinds. iv. 216.8 . cetho aodho ona mbelaib (of monsters), Aisl. Tond. 100.7 . cosmhail re ceathaibh gelclúmh . . . na srotha cubhracha, CF² 43 . cioth fola, AFM i 550.z . coimhlíonmhar ré cioth mionchuiléog (of plague of frogs), Mac Aingil 899 . Of missiles of all kinds: cetha nemhe . . . do shaighdibh, CCath. 1961 . cetha comóra cloch, Fianaig. 90.6 . In sense of abundance: clár milis go gceathaibh cnúais `with showers of fruit', SGS iv 140 § 14 . saor mo chlí ó ch.¤ na bpeacadh (`mist'), A. Ó Dálaigh xvii 1 . Prov. comrith re ceathaib (of foolish decision), MR 234.9 . nírbho coim ria ccioth do Aodh Ua D. a elúdh shelter from a shower i.e. a change for the better, Hugh Roe² 16.1 . AFM vi 2140.21 .

In vaguer sense trial, hardship, battle, etc. (frequ. with cath): c.¤ .i. crúaidh, H 3.18, 520 . cethern . . . c.¤ cath ┐ orn orgain, Corm. Y 295 . cen chíthu cess, SR 6047 . cen chithu cruth, 683 . cen ch.¤ cen chath, 1779 . c.¤ nó chrúas `trouble or danger', Metr. Dinds. ii 36.21 . nístrāeth cath nā c.¤ `battle or distress', BColm. 32.16 . daria M. . . . / maise gréine tre ciotha, BNnÉ 193.6 = tar cithu, SG 152.14 . nis fil galar isin bith / na c.¤ na cuirfe for cul, LB 237 marg. inf.

Compds. With nouns. cith-anfhethna na haidhchi `shower-storms', CCath. 1926 . cith-anfad . . . gan foscad, MR 236.19 . truime a ciothbhraon, Studies 1921, 417 § 1 . ciothghalchleas sneachta blizzard(?), ITS v 118.y . na cithnella neme, LU 6464 (TBC). is cealgach croidhe an ciothshluagh, Measgra D. 55.47 . mur shín ag cor chithshneachta, O'R. Poems 54 .

With adjj. tar cholbhadhaibh . . . cioth-bhorba na g-cuan` ML 46.28 . fa'n cithluaithi coll `on which are shower-shaken hazels', Hy Fiach. 194.2 . sruth cithmhear cas, Aithd. D. 61.16 ( ACL iii 235.2 ). a craes in c[h]uain cithmoir, KMMisc. 314.16 . in coire cith-rúad `with its red spray', Metr. Dinds. iv 82.42 .

With adjj. derived from nouns. tar an muir . . . ccithainbhthenaigh ` storm-swept ', BS 100.6 . sreatha a ghéag cceathbhraonach ` dewy ', Studies 1920, 99 § 13 . an ciachbrat corr-néalach cioth-mhuirnioch `showery', ML 102.27 . circaill cithneimneach cláriarnaighi (of warrior's mail suit), CF² 933 .

2 cith

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n .i. cuilen, ut est, dall cidh indiu .i. aineolach e cid indiu . . . .i. dall-chuilen indiu, O'Curry 978 ( H 3.18, 422a ). ? Cf. 1 cit.

cithach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cithach or dil.ie/9261
Last Revised: 2013

 

adj o, ā (1 cith ) showery, bedewed : Cerball din Charmain chithaig, LL 7544 , `sic for c.¤ ', note (: ilach) `showery', TFrag. 218.4 . c.¤ / c.¤ aub, LL 1637 - 8 = ciothach, Leb. Gab.(i) 256.17 . tren c.¤ caictigiss, ZCP iii 256.9 (rhet.) (? from the sense 'trial, battle' Celtica xxi 204 ). As sobriq. (cf. Frasach) generous (?): Flann C.¤ , Cog. 86.1 . BNnÉ 255.4 .

? cithán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? cithán or dil.ie/9262

 

ind ní dual pórthathaoir dona slataibh saoir-chiotháin (: baoithchriotháin), Hackett² lix 14 . ? Cf. 1 cith , 2 cith , 1 cit.

cithmar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cithmar or dil.ie/9264

 

adj (1 cith ): gaoth tre chaichshneachta chiothmhar intermittent , DDána 113.15 .

cloch

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cloch or dil.ie/9550
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: cloch, clach, claiche

n ā, f. cloch f., IGT Decl. § 39 . clach f., § 40 (forms claich, claiche proscribed).

(a) stone, rock; stone (as building etc. material): beim a cinn fri cloich, Ml. 139c3 . dambidc Semei di chlochaib `pelted him with stones', 58c4 . din chloich dorigne saland, Thes. ii 338.1 (Hy. v). borg Emma ro tetha, / acht mairte a clocha, Fél. Prol. 194 . c.¤, trī anmann lé .i. onn a īarmbērla, c.¤ a gnāthbērla, cloech a bērla n-airberta, Corm. Y 213 . lapis lasin Laitneoir, c.¤ lasin nGaedel; petra lasin Laitneoir, ail lasin nGaedel: sropula lasin Laitneoir, carrach lasin nGaedel, Auraic. 1086 . c.¤ (no ael) ┐ onn ┐ ailcne . . . is iat sin cenela c.¤ , 1088 - 89 . ro-dluigit na clocha (= petrae scise sunt), PH 3367 . doberat cloich cach fir leó do chur chairnd, LU 7029 ( BDD 67 ). dolleici a cend immon cloich co n-derna brúrig dia cind, IT i 82.3 ( LMU 19 ). c.¤ for fott, no fott for carruig, Laws v 270.26 Comm. (as a fence). c.¤ tarsiu fa tri fiad fiathnaisib, ii 118.10 Comm. (in distraining dry cattle). di chlochaib ┐ carrgib ┐ ailénaib in mara, TBC-LL¹ 1330 . bale i mbia fa chloich, LL 18899 (`where you will be buried', KMMisc. 264 § 22 ). a ch.¤ thall for elaid úair, 19325 . línaiter na builg sin do minchlochaib, RC xiii 68 § 72 . ag tuarcain na Cloichi Barraighi ┐ na c.¤ tuinidhi eile do bī isin trācht rocks, ML² 430 . c.¤ i ninad ugi (prov. of a bad exchange), Cog. 100.24 ; cf. Caithr. Thoirdh. 11.16 . ticdis croind ┐ clocha ua cheol a chruiti . . . co teigdis aran múr (of Thebes), TTebe 851 . co scenaib ┐ clochaib . . . do-rónad ind imdibe, PH 5746 . fuarumar cloich . . . ┐ na hanmund-sa i scríbend indte gravestone, 1581 . samail gach cloiche (of hail-stones), RC xviii 150.y (see c.¤-ṡnechta s. compds.). a c[h]rannghal sa c[h]. aolta `its timber and its lime-washed stone', Ériu v 60.121 . dá cloich tsalainn lumps of salt, Lism. L. 2408 . sirbualadh na tonn fo na clocaib, Ir. Astr. Tr. 42.5 . c.¤ chinn na huilleann corner-stone, Acts iv 11 . ro benadh a chend de for Cloich an Chommaigh i ndorus teampaill Focháirde, AFM i 330.5 (an. 732). Fig. of a chief: ní tráth aithreachais d'ḟuil Conaill / a gc.¤ chúil an gcéin do mhair, DDána 110.1 .

Attrib. g s of stone , less frequ. g pl. composed of stones : for corth[e] cloche, Thes. ii 343.43 (Hy. v Comm.). ata comrar chloche imbi and hi talam, LU 10991 . ail chloche mór, IT i 82.2 ( LMU 19 ). risin carraic clochi, MU² 669 . coro mara choidche / amal choirthe c.¤ , LL 18911 . nertlia cloche, TBC-LL¹ 1570 . colomna c.¤ do thócbáil . . . eturru ┐ in snechta, MU² 309 . ar n-osgladh don iomdhaidh c.¤ (of a tomb), Dán Dé iii 27 . cinnlitir chloiche áille / dúna[dh] flatha Fionngháille `the fortress . . . is a capital letter of beauteous stone', Ériu v 60.109 . rath an Spirata Naim do-rat . . . uisce asin carraic cloiche, Grail 3649 . an cladh clach `stone fence', Studies 1924, 244 § 20 . do chuir . . . a chenn ar adhart cloichi bigi `on a small stone as pillow', Stair Erc. 1910 . .u. ced dég ceim cruaidhdaingen cloichi `stone steps', 633 . cláir chloiche . . . ┐ dligheadh stone tablets, Exodus xxiv 12 . pertaining to stone: duileasg crann nó c.¤ lichen, Párl. na mB. 587 . saoir chruinn ┐ ch.¤ carpenters and stone-masons, 263 .

(b) Of stones used as missiles, sling-stones, etc.: gaibthi cloich isin tailm, LU 3277 ( SCC 7 ). c.¤ throthail . . . i llaímh gach ḟir, IT iii 97.6 . foceird C. cloich assa thabaill, TBC-LL¹ 1558 . do-teilctís lucht in leithi-si na clocha for lucht in leith[i] aili, Sc.M² 17R . gebid lamchloich do lár thalman darbo lán a glacc, LL 8576 (TBC). bolc lán (sic leg.?) di chlochuip d'orcoin, ZCP viii 120.13 . na clocha cruindi comdibhraicthi, TTebe 1984 . Cf. in ti no cinnfedh ar aei cloichi `the winner of the stone-throwing', Stair Erc. 202 .

With defining gen. c.¤ áeil limestone , see s.v. 1 áel. lia .i. corthe . . . .i. in c.¤ criche `boundary stone', Laws iv 8.7 Comm. clocha fothraicthe stones heated in the fire and used for heating bath-water: clocha fotraicthi, Trip.² 873 . ro marb Fergus Durn don cloich fothraicthe, Laws i 68.17 Comm. Cf. fotracud forsin clárudh cen tincur o dhune acht na clocha ind ┐ ass, IT iii 195 § 36 . lothomur . . . cona clochaib, MacCongl. 11.23 . Cf. also: clocha derga red-hot stones, Laud 610, f. 8c (Plummer MS. notes). clocha hi tenid samna (prov. phrase?), LU 7045 (here perh. used for cooking. See O'Kelly, JRSAI 1954, 105 ff. ). na liacc lamh ┐ na c.¤ nglaice hand-stones, CCath. 5859 . iccon cloich impóid itir croiss ō Adrad Moturu súass `turning-stone', BColm. 84.32 . c.¤ marmail, Stair Erc. 1963 . cloch na cloich mheóir 'pebble', Irish Texts i 31 § 50 . clach (sic leg.) ina loighe a ḟlaith Cheóil / ar in claich meóir oile üaibh, IGT Decl. ex. 1123 (incorrect because of form claich). c.¤ muilinn mill-stone : doronta cetheora clocha muilinn di, AU an. 999 . fúaim chloichthe muilinn, Rev. xviii 22 . Cf. c.¤ uachtair upper stone (of a mill), Laws i 140.17 Comm. m'aghaidh amhuil cloich thineadh `flint', Isaiah 1 7 .

(c) Med. c.¤ isna hairnib `a stone in the kidneys', Rosa Angl. 188.7 . clocha na narand, 330.10 . in uair bhenmuid na clocha fuail as an lamhonnán le gerradh, ZCP xviii 274.9 . a riocht na cloiche fuail pro calculo vesicali, O'Gr. Cat. 113.24 . c.¤ no ydoripis, Reg. San. 23.y .

(d) precious stone, gem (somet. c.¤ búada, c.¤ úasal): caoga gemm carrmogail do c[h]lochaib tíre na hInnia, ML² 1481 . c.¤ crisdail gl. cristallus, Ir. Gl. 552 . do cloich búadha re n-abur sardínés, Maund. 249 . feilm áosda chlach ccarrmhogail, O'R. Poems 199 . clocha cuaigh `[stones] suitable for (adorning) goblets', O'Hara 2380 . c.¤ medóin do dhornchla dhét, IGT Decl. ex. 80 . a chorōin . . . ier n-a himchengal do dēmont ┐ do c[h]lochaibh uaissle, Fl. Earls 172.28 . a gcomhraid airgit go n-imat gc.¤ lonnradhach, 80.7 . is c.¤ uasal tiodhlacadh a radharc an tí agá mbí sé, Proverbs xvii 8 .

(e) Hence perh. of the beads of the rosary: is mise Oisín . . . / . . . ag cóireamh c.¤ `arranging stones', Oss. iii 276.10 . Paidir air na clochaibh móra ┐ Fáilte an Aingil air na clochaibh beaga, Donlevy 448. 3 , 4 .

(f) a construction of stone, esp. fortress, stronghold, castle: giodh áille an chlach don taoibh thall `though the fort is lovelier within', Ériu v 60.115 . daingean c.¤ an dúnaidh dhe / loch ar cúlaibh na cloiche `the fortress is strengthened by the lake which lies behind it', 111 - 12 . da ralaig . . . comard ré cloich na cathrach `the stone-walls of the city', TTebe 4224 . c.¤ Corcaigi do loscudh, Ann. Inisf. 1230.1 . c.¤ angcaire an anchorite's cell, AU iii 288.24 . tú do rad dár gcionn an cholann / i gcloich nduaibhsigh `into a gloomy dungeon' (Gloss.), Measgra D. 61.70 . a muir ┐ a mórclocha, Stair Erc. 909 . na franclochaidh ga folach / a n-ardchlochaibh allmorach, IGT Decl. ex. 714 . daingni ná clach áelta íat, ex. 183 . le Cloich Insi na tTorc ar Loch F., AFM iii 360.6 . C.¤ Locha hUachtair do loscadh, 536.4 . ? dar let is c.¤ ar na cengal / an tech os loch lachnach, IGT Decl. ex. 268 . Cf. Luimnech na c.¤ cengail, Caithr. CC 10 .

Frequ. in nn. loc., see Hog. Onom.

Compds. With noun. clúas re clochadhart `a stone pillow', BS 92.y . a tōebaib clochadba, ACL iii 217 § 3 . clochalla glassa . . . ┐ cairrci rocky cliffs, CCath. 3413 . clochall cairrgidhe, Hugh Roe² 46.15 . lé fúaim chloichbhéimnigh bhonn a each láidir ` stamping ', Jeremiah xlvii 3 . clochcaop lump of stone , Anecd. ii 53.y . do mhaothughadh do chlochroidhe hard heart , Mac Aingil 1134 . ferr beith a ccloch-dinibh ceall stone shelters , ZCP x 30.23 . im ócbail droichitt .i. cid cloch droichit, Laws i 134.25 Comm. in clochdrochat (sic leg.) ō tigh cech clērig dīb dia chēile, MacCongl. 123.22 . a róimh chlaichfhinntreabh Chonnacht of white-stone houses, DDána 68.28 . lottar . . . tré cloch-ród Coradh Finne stone-paved road(?), AFM v 1668.5 . cloch-sairsi ┐ crann-sairsi art of building in stone, Laws v 92.z Comm. cith cloichṡnechta do ferthain hailstones, RC xviii 150.x (Tig.). gaoth tre chlaichshneachta chiothmhar, DDána 113.15 (cf. na clocha sneachta, 2). maith ro cumad in cleathbhaile / sa clochtaighe, IGT Met. Faults § 58 . ? adinnim deargain / a druith chail ar chlochtaigh, IT iii 90 § 119 . ic córgud chastíal fo churadaib di chlochthress, LL 32238 ( TTr. 1427 ). tuitim isin clochtres tíar, ZCP xiii 12.35 .

With adj. do athairg . . . / mhachaire clachaird Conuill, IGT Decl. ex. 9 . legga corra clochbana of white stone, Fen. 188.21 . flaith corn gclochbhán white-jewelled, Top. Poems² 613 . is o cairgib clochdaeraibh Slebi Chugais rod-coimbris . . . `rock-bound', Aen. 829 . cathair clochdaingen, Grail 3286 . scīath clochdond go ccomhraibh óir, ZCP viii 223 § 18 . ar lámhachadh lann gclochdhonn `bright-jewelled(?)', O'Hara 4035 . do mhionn clachórdha cloichfhionn, DDána 97.38 . crios . . . clachghorm, Rel. Celt. ii 262.5 . 'sin charn chlochthrom, LL 29862 .

With adj. derived from noun. droichett clochaelta do dhenamh la Cathal of stone and mortar(?), AFM iii 618.5 . cuirt clochaolta, Hugh Roe² 216.13 . na coirigh chlochaigeantacha bhíos . . . ag leanmhain dá lochtaibh féin stubborn, TSh. 10492 . a chathbarra caem clochbuadhach set with precious stones, Stair Erc. 735 . an rí co coroin . . . clochbuadhaigh fura cenn, ZCP vi 52.7 . gremaigiss . . . an c[h]loch . . . dia coicēilip comadhus[a] cloch-chomharsnach[a] oile `adjoining', Fl. Earls 148.4 . ¤órda: cinnbhirt clochórdha, Oss. vi 128.11 . With Part. an cheinnbheart chlochfhoirfe (1 foirbthe) crowned with jewels, O'Hara 1502 .

crúas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. crúas or dil.ie/13200

 

Forms: -is, cruais

n (crúaid) m., IGT Decl. § 38 (87.17) . Abstr. Nouns § 61 . Earlier (?) with a d s. -is: cruais (: uais), Corp. Gen. 284.30 ( ZCP viii 218.19 ). fri cruais (: clúais), Imr. Brain 9 . Cf. corochrúais (: uais), SR 6022 . hardness, stiffness, rigour : Conall Cernach, crúas fo thuind `hard of thews', Metr. Dinds. iii 442.31 . cnes . . . gen chrūais (: ūais), ACL iii 308 § 33 . cruas ┐ tighi cuirp, Rosa Angl. 42.4 . cruas na cloichi, O'Gr. Cat. 271.2 . Transf. cruas secda . . . do pecadh, Grail 1446 . tan nosticed cith nó ch.¤ hardship, Metr. Dinds. ii 36.21 . ó ch.¤ do chaingne, IGT Decl. ex. 1373 . a hainm ní chuireabh i gcruas I shall make no difficulty about, Dánta Gr. 89.14 . d'fuasgladh an chruais do bhí air fán gcáisg perplexity , Mac Aingil 5970 . cruas ná docamhal na n-ealadhan = difficultas scientiarum, TSh. 2904 . ó do chóidh i gcruas, A. Ó Dálaigh viii 7 . a cc.¤ na riaghla, Beatha S. F. 2372 . in gach . . . throsgadh, ┐ ch.¤ oile, Rial. S.F. 552 . Gramm.: v fri buga ┐ a v fri cruas (of vowels), Auraic. 1073 .

Of personal qualities valour, bravery; brave deed : a chumachta a c.¤ (of Cú Chulainn), LU 4845 (TBC). at mathi . . . Fir Breg . . . im c.¤ , LU 4265 (TBC). M. ba muir ar crūais, ZCP viii 299.34 . a c.¤ a coicthi, a congala, Ériu iv 146.22 . ar fhéile ar chruas ar cheannas, O'Hara 3466 .

With dep. gen.: cruas comlaind, LL 29342 . co c.¤ chórad `champion's strength', Metr. Dinds. iv 102.30 . cruas craidhe, CCath. 2066 . atbath Corrcend co crúais chuirp `travail of body', Metr. Dinds. iv 96.53 . c.¤ mór miled, LL 14368 . Cf. imasoich crūas ciūil crōich `loud melody', Four Songs 10 § 8 .

In phr. do-gní c.¤ acts, fights bravely : da ndernta cruas, CCath. 2706 . cen chruas do dénum, SG 390.27 . In difft. sense: mac Dé nach déanann c.¤ `is not hard', Dán Dé xxxi 43 .

In pejorative sense: nithánicc . . . fer bud amru manipad do chrúass (said to St. Patrick) inflexibility , Trip.² 1370 . co condailbi cen nach crúais `without any harshness', Ériu iii 98 § 15 . na sliasta iarnaide . . . flaithius Roman sin ar cruass a thossaigh, ZCP xxx 100.42 . cruas cirt nō caolagarthaighe, Parrth. Anma 3180 . Ó Héodhusa 226.3 . C. nar char crūoss ` niggardliness ', Ériu xix 78 § 6 . cáithleach cruais ┐ lóchán lochta, TSh. 10091 .

2 cúan

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 cúan or dil.ie/13335
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: cuanta

n o, m. c.¤ m. (ón ḟairge, acht canamhain aige), IGT Decl. § 96 . Note n p. cuanta, Celtica i 114 . haven, harbour, bay, gulf (?); expanse or stretch of water, sea, river, waters: allgotha na stiurusmand ic (sic leg., see note) cosnam chúain (`contending for a haven', TTr. 1428 ), LL 32238 . gur gabhamur c.¤ ┐ caladhport a mBeind Ē., Feis Tighe Chonáin 1041 . longa ar cuid . . . don c[h]uan, ML² 1019 . coimét na cūanta don [t]æibh thes do t-[Sh]axanaibh `charge of the harbours', ZCP vi 90.16 . hi ccuan na nCeall mBeg `harbour of Killybegs', Hugh Roe² 120.19 . ō rian Lēime Con na gcuan of the bays (?), ML² 1281 . geisid cuan / ós buindi rúad Rinn dá bharc, Acall. 843 `the haven roars', Murphy Lyrics 49.1 (rather sea or water ?). gurbo lēibenn cobsaid an cuan the sea, ML² 717 . gach abhann chiúin budh cuan mear `a raging sea', Dán Dé xxxi 30 . ó Boind . . . / co cétaib c.¤ , Ériu iv 152.25 . lán cairthi chúain na Suca of the waters (?) of the (River) Suck, IGT Decl. ex. 243 . ? imain fo cumar cuan, Laws v 138.12 .i. in bail in commortaithit cuana, 19 Comm. `driving to the resort of companies' perh. junction of havens or of rivers, etc. Fig. deoch domluis . . . / do ibhis dar gcomhdha i gcuan (to Christ), Aithd. D. 95.19 . arthraigh na hanma . . . i gcuan an chrábhaidh, TSh. 2373 . cunnradh cuain, DDána 48.14 . cuan ghabála, CF² 121 , see gabál . a gcuan einigh . . . Pilip an long `in the harbour of generosity . . . P. is the ship' (Gloss.), O'R. Poems 1901 .

Meaning doubtful (vessel ? vat ?) in: súgh cuain, DDána 103.19 . bean don fhuil Uidhir-se ag cuan / . . . gémadh (leg. gomadh ? notes) aithghearr í fa fhíon, 24 . id bhruidhin . . . fíon fuar . . . [ód] chuan, 114.31 . luchd cuain ar chuid a bferuinn (ar do chuid ḟerainn, v.l.) / do ṡreabuill buig úair inill (ubhuill, v.l.), IGT Decl. ex. 517 .

Compds. With nouns. for cúan-bla clíach ┐ crích, Metr. Dinds. ii 22.13 ` resort ' (perh. 1 cúan). os gach cúan-bla `above all places of resort', iii 336.29 . dul . . . ar ceand caer in cuanlocha (of Fraoch), Celtica ii 166 § 40 . uman troigh gcuantais gcneisréidh, Celtica iv 110 § 13 . ba cith-anfad cuan-trachta calaid, MR 236.19 . cuantráigh, Acall. 4690 v.l. With adjj. ó Éirne chuainealaigh with swanhaunted harbours, DDána 70.9 . achadh cuaingheal (sc. Connacht), 92.8 .

dind

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dind or dil.ie/16579
Last Revised: 2013

 

n u, n. a nd.¤ , Sg. 63a13 . dinn mbera (n. loc.?), SG 148.17 . Originally a spike, a point? Cognate with ON tindr spike, tooth, mountain-peak. Cf. mō nā cliab co dendaib dēs a basket with spikelets i.e. ears of corn, BB 402b8 .

(a) height, hill: [d]inn ainm gach druimne, Metr. Gl. p. 17 . pridchaiss fri dē i ndinnib (glossed i telchaib), Hy. ii 28 ( Thes. ii 315 ). dionn .i. tulach nó cnoc, O'Cl. d.¤ .i. cnoc, Lec. Gl. 83 . dinn tulach ┐ dinna tulcha, O'Dav. 743 . dinn .i. ard nó cleth[e], 649 . isé in cnocc mór mó cach d.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 180 . ith ┐ blicht for cach d.¤ on every height, LL 200b48 . sab suithe cech d.¤ on every eminence, ACC 26 ( RC xx 168 ). senchas d.¤ Erenn inso, RC xv 277 . bla cethra d.¤ a hill constitutes an exemption as regards (lit. of) cattle, Laws iii 296.11 . rí os cach airm os cach dinn, SR 209 . rí . . . tuarcgab cach d.¤ dia dulb, 7438 . rosiacht d.¤ richid the hill (fortress?) of heaven, 2099 . iscorsit . . . for d.¤ flatha finde, Fél. May 17 . bit áird úas d.¤ fhlatha they will be high above the Kingdom's height, Prolegomena 155 . sliab Sióin ina d.¤ uasu, LB 157b35 . gan mheath cnuais ar choll ndatha | . . . | . . . ar gach dionn, Content. xxx § 19 .

(b) fortified hill, walled or fortified town, citadel, stronghold: a ṅdind suthul á nomen gl. oppidum Suthul, Sg. 63a13 . D.¤ Map Lethain. . . . .i. Dūn Maic Liathain, Corm. Y 883 . D.¤ Tradui .i. dūn tredūi, 883 . Babilōin d.¤ rochumtaig Nīn, ZCP iii 18.33 . d.¤ dianid ainm Ilia, TTr. 1014 ( LL 231a9 ). dochum denna ┐ rigimscingi Príaím, 1845 ( LL 241b ). Toghail dénna Arimin annso sís, CCath. 382 . iar n-indriud in denda, BB 424a41 . rig-dinn Bresail Bregamain, Metr. Dinds. ii 80 . ar na dindaib rocumdaiged leo i nErinn, Lec. 576a6 . gur gabsat dí chathair déc dia ndinndaib (or for dind[g]naib?) dithoghlaidi, ZCP i 398 . breó dar dinna a torch over fortresses, AFM an. 898 = AU 902 (poem). d.¤ betha the world (lit. the fortress of the world): nocon fhuair for d.¤ betha acht tri locha, LL 5b35 (`on the fort of Bith', Leb. Gab.(i) 62 ). Cf. d.¤ domuin, SR 866 . Fig. of a person a citadel, an eminence, a towering figure: d.¤ oc libur leigdocht he was an eminence in the book of the law (of C.C.) .i. no forcanad libru rechta co clethi, ACC § 27 . Drongach Doile d.¤ gaile, Rawl. 85a1 . an dionn eagnaid is geal gníomh, Ó Bruad. ii 136 . Of a notable event climax: Dinda na Tāna so sis .i. Caladgleo Cethirn, Fīacalgleō Fintain, etc., TBC-I¹ 2747 .

(c) stead, notable place: na tri dinna .i. Síd in Broga ┐ Duma na nGiall ┐ Dun Crimthain, Dinds. § 3 ( RC xv 291 ). do dindaib Ua ṅAmalgaid annso .i. Carnn Amalgaid ┐ Tir Amalgaid ┐ Fearsad Threisi, Dinds. § 135 (RC xvi). hi maig Find . . . mórtha d.¤ the spot was ennobled, Metr. Dinds. iii 394 .

(d) mansion, court: dinna na n-ingen . . . for fiarláit in dúnaidh, ZCP i 372 . bit cethra dinna anorcha acu soin, 368 .

(e) pinnacle, peak: eclais iar na cúmtach o cholomnaib ┐ o dinnaib ardaib, LB 159a57 . no foghluaisiond . . . dar dendaibh agus dar droibelaibh, TBC-LL¹ 5620 (Stowe).

(f) In nn. loc., see Hog. Onom.

(g) Used figur. in amplificative sense foll. by gen. of definition: bid bláith do deog a d.¤ chuirn from a mighty goblet (?), Ériu iv 106.8 . d.¤ chuirn, ACL iii 307 § 20 . ? conusaicet in scoith ndimoir | d.¤ comart[h]a tire tarngire a prominent sign (?) (of the land of promise) (but see below under compds.), ZCP x 410 . sé 's a drúth, ba d.¤ dīrmma a striking cavalcade, BColm. 88. 19 .

(h) as adj. agreeable, pleasant : dinn .i. aibhinn, O'Dav. 735 . d.¤ .i. cnoc no uasal nó aibind, Lec. Gl. 83 . dinn .i. aibind, Stowe Gl. 69 . sephainn co grinn ceol (sic leg., coel, text) nglain ṅgil | bái a thoirm d.¤ fo secht nimib, SR 2160 . na sáraig Samuel fáith find | congab grad núalnar náebdind, 6026 . ? dá fagur tairisi dind, Celtica xiii 12.203 .

Compds. ¤bile a lofty old tree: ronfáema ar dinnbile (of Christ), SR 8223 . a rí na ríg, is tú mo dín mo dinnbile, IT iii 41 . ¤brat a mighty cloak (?): cet each ndonn ndindbrataibh (dínbhrataibh, LL). BB 278b16 . ¤chomartha a prominent sign: gur ferad cith cruaid-ger cloithnechta dinncomartha ármuigh dferaib Erend (cf. MR 236 where O'Don. from another MS. reads, probably rightly, d'innchomarta), LL 410b7 . ¤chor: a mighty setting forth (?), a great enumeration (?): ni fail do dainib . . . | nech thucas tria dindchur de | na fail d'ingnud lam rígse, SR 335 . ¤fher a notable man: Dímman derrit d., Gorm. June 27 . ¤fhogal plundering of fortresses (?): mór . . . leath-truim díth is dionn-fhoghla, Keat. Poems 996 . ¤gére: ar a d., IT iii 189 . ¤mall (?): dognith la Finnbarr . . . cumtach d. daigfethal, SG 84.37 . ¤mór: dia fúair deg-raind dindmóir | i crích Sengaind a noble share of strong places (?), Metr. Dinds. iii 298 . ¤ogam fortress-ogham (technical gramm. term): dinnogam .i. aicme bethi .i. Bruiden, Lifi, Femin, Scolae, Nemthend, Auraic. 5687 . ¤orc[h]aill: Donadhach dindorcaill a noble protection (?), AFM i 516 . ¤roga: a high choice, something noble or pre-eminent: mac fial Finnloga . . . | dim (leg. dia?) cech dindrogha dliges `to whom is due every choice honour', Lism. L. 3470 . ¤shenchas history of notable places (lit. hill-lore), topography, legendary lore: inn eól dúib a d.? LL 152b9 . feib adfét in súidi snas, | is desin a d., Metr. Dinds. ii 44 . ba suithe in cach dindsenchas, LU 657 (ACC). friscomarca filed .i. duili berla ┐ dínshenchus ┐ primscéla hÉrend, IT iii 50 . is cuman lim . . . dindsenchas clainne Adaim, LL 376b35 . d. na cnocc ┐ na tulach, Acall. 4788 . re táib dindsenchais cach cnuic, 2436 . dubláidi dindshenchais dait, Metr. Dinds. iii 20 . nobiad aici a fhis dindsheanchais cach inaid sund, YBL 195a20 . a shenchaidhi . . . na fhochair ┐ sé ag déanamh dinnshenchais na criche reimhe dho, ITS v 28 .

díthle

Cite this: eDIL s.v. díthle or dil.ie/16880

 

io, n. vn. of 1 do-tlen act of taking away; theft; damage (?): dithle seoit .i. gat seoit, H 3.18, 247 (O'Curry 470). dithle .i. adhbhal eloidhthe, O'Don. Suppl. ? mad be rígh rofessir . . . dithle mesraid, Laws iv 340 . flaith dithle set (.i. nogata na seoit), v 358 . dithgus dithlai, ZCP xii 366.10 (see díthchus). cis ndithle do trebaib nā tuillet dīre, ib. 26 . dithle duind, Laws v 440 = dithli duinn .i. donn .i. flaith. Cith dotlen side ara cheli, O'Curry 862 ( H 3.18 389b ). co mbe dithle ith ┐ blicht `destruction of corn and milk', Laws v 450 . flaith dire dithle .i. is les dire nach gaide gatar ann, O'Curry 465 ( H 3.18 245 ). in fear bes dithle ciniudh seanoir eisidhe cen neach da chiniudh etc., O'D. 2291 ( Rawl. B 506, 27c ).

1 dlúth, dlúith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dlúth, dlúith or dil.ie/17082

 

Forms: dluith, dluthi, dluith, dluidhibh

adj (also occas. with -ŭ-, see Celtica iii 177 ) close, compact, dense: dluith (gl. densus), Ir. Gl. 636 . ont sluag d.¤ gl. denso agmine, Gild. Lor. 39 . cini dlúith lib int oíntu sin though ye do not deem that union close, Wb. 12b9 . dluthi gl. condensa, Ml. 48d18 ; gl. densatas, 120d13 . in talam dluith do indluch, 129d8 . lassa lar ṅdluith continenti solo, 89d18 . cona dlumaib dluthaib, SR 3367 . ni regat cuirp na hesergi tri churpa dluthi dense bodies, PH 6745 . hi corpaib dlútaib ┐ i corpaib tiugaidib bias esergi . . . ní i corpaib sémib mar aer nó gáith substantial, RC xxv 244 . rochumaiscseadar neoill . . . na firmaminti cor-ua dorchatu dluith iter muir ┐ tir, TTebe 1964 . doratsat dorchai dluthi dar Mag nÁi (= tenebras densas), Lat. Lives p. 23 . fidhnemhedh dlúith, CCath. 1766 . do-sn-eim dos dluit[h], Fianaig. 14 . i mmullach croinn dosaigh dhlúith, BS § 61 . na coillti . . . is dluithi ┐ is doimtachta densest and most impenetrable, CF 820 . (Arann) d.¤ a fraigred re fedhaib, SG 102 . cath dlúith daingean do dhéanamh dóibh féin, Keat. iii 4435 . fāl-airbi firdluith Frangc, MR 214 . cor-ba dluithither re cleith . . . in lini sleg, TTebe 2822 . criathar dluith a close (fine-meshed) sieve, PCT 1120 . ionar . . . co cciumhius dluith deghfhighthi, BS § 8 . cochlān caemdlūith, Fianaig. 50 . luiriuch dluith, CCath. 4677 . tucadar dubgona dluithi ar a cheli close together (i.e. numerous, repeated), CF 129 . póga dlúithe, Book of O'Conor Don 273a19 . Close, in proximity (to): leath atōibe (.i. as dluith) co dú . . ., PH 6689 . gér dhlúith dá chéile ar gcumann, DDána 101.44 . an t-allus becc . . . teagmaidh se ona póirib do ueith dlúith closed up, 3 C 22, 19a4 . in sele geal dluith no cnapanach thick, viscous , 3 C 19, 247 ra 11 . Of a sound: as dluithe ┐ as daingne dochluinnteir an guth ann (i.e. the sound is focused in that position), 24 P 3, 183.18 . Fig. nā tuill buide mblāith | fria duine nach dlúith `one who is not steadfast', KMMisc. 274 . gut[h] blāith im deismerecht dluith cogent proof (example ?), ACL iii 306 . ropat dlúthe a nadmann firm, binding , Tec. Corm. § 6.47 . isnaib cānaib dlūthib stringent (?), Corm. Y 48 . With FRI: is dlúith fri Críst mo chaingean `with C. my cause is bound up closely', SG 55 . Compar. feibh is dlúite rotaitset braenghal ferthana, CCath. 1282 . Adv. tuirt mor do maithib Grég ina thimchell co dluith close around him, Alex. 66 . ata [Milan] ar n-a suidhiughadh co comhfhairsing dluith daoinechar ar ferannetc., compactly, Fl. Earls 96 . Repeatedly, assiduously, intently: pōigis hē cu dluith ┐ cu dicrach, Lib. Flav. ii 2 va 50 . co dluith denmnetach ic a tuargain, CCath. 5754 .

As subst. in pl.: a catha, . . . a drobeala, a dlutha, a donala, tight corners, fixes (?), Ériu iv 162 . tuighe rigbaile ic a scuabadh ina dluidhibh deilighthe re gaith in separate masses, CCath. 5896 (perh. d p. of dlúthe).

Compds.

(a) With nouns: ¤buaile: gur hosluiced dorus . . . ar in n-dluthbhuailid close phalanx, Caithr. CC 33.5 . ¤chertugud: ag dingi ┐ ag d. na n-allmurach a ceann a cheili pressing hard, CF 806 . ¤chiall : dlūith-ciall i cáinstarib, ACL iii 218 § 5 . ¤chomrád intimate (eager?) conversation: dlúthcomhradh in churadh . . . ré na giolla, TBC-LL¹ p. 481 . dluthchomhrádh na bhfer, Acall. 235 . ¤chros: a dhlúthchros fa dtú ag tuirrse | tú mhúchfas mo mheadhair-se, DDána 65.2 . ¤ecor dense array: daire dluithegair, Ériu iii 164 . ¤éra a blank refusal , Top. Poems 10 . ¤ḟid: a ndiamair an dluithḟeda, AFM vi 1918 . ¤gluasacht: coill gan crith duille gan dluthgluasacht, Lib. Flav. ii 6 rb 28 . ¤imáin: ag dírgheadh ┐ acc dlúithiomáin a shelbha driving in a dense herd, AFM vi 2198 . ¤mong: d. clustering hair , DDána 99.32 . ¤néll: a mbith ina ndluithne[o]ll . . . isin aer uassaibh, CCath. 5661 . ¤ṡnechta: in cith dluithsnechta ro fear ann, RC xxiii 418 § 32 .

(b) With adjj.: ¤aimréid: fo choilltibh ndosach ndlúithaimhréidh dense and rugged , AFM vi 1912 . ¤barrach: doisiubair dluthbarracha, CCath. 4109 . ¤choem: noí mbaindelba dluthchoema `fair and firm', Metr. Dinds. ii 28 . ¤daingen. adv. ro coirighset co d. immo tigerna, CCath. 5786 . ¤iatta: i gcarcair . . . dúnta dlúith-iatta, TSh. 2710 . ¤maisech: mong donnchas dluthmaisech, BB 427b26 . ¤mer: comrac dluthmhear, CF 484 . ¤niamda: iorradh daingen dlúithniamda ` well-knit, flashing armour ', O'Gr. Cat. 376 . ¤ṡlim: dot chéib dhluithslim, O'Gr. Cat. 411 .

(c) With vbs.: ¤daingnigid: ro dlúthdaingnighit doirsi na cathrach `were closely secured', CCath. 1712 . ¤dingid: ro dluthdingset cach i cend araili `pressed hard', CCath. 3174 . ¤lenaid: mairg dan dluithleanann an daidbreas closely follows , Lib. Flav. ii 5 rb 53 . ¤scaraid: ó dhlúthsgarais mise is mo bhean, Gadelica 257 .

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