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1 adb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 adb or dil.ie/326

 

Forms: aidhbhe, adhbha, adhbha

n in phrase a.¤ chiúil. adhbh (chiúil) f. (g s. aidhbhe, adhbha, n p. adhbha), IGT Decl. § 39 . musical instrument: badar . . . timpana et clairsiocha ┐ gach adbh ceóil . . . ag a seinm inntib, Aisl. Tond. 114.6 . orgáin ┐ adhbha ciúil , Desid. 2639 . an adhbh chiúil do bí na bhois / carbh gan sdiúir í na égmais, IGT Decl. ex. 1077 . cor adbh ciúil gan crand glesta . . . an tuath tar eís Coluim Cille, BCC § 366 (= an doman as cruit gan ceis in poem ib.). go n-dechaid an cráisich tres an aidhbh ciúil ┐ tre uchtbruinne an oirfidich, Celt. Rev. iv 112.11 .

Cf. 2 adba, adbann.

2 adba

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 adba or dil.ie/330

 

n in phrase a.¤ chiúil. f. IGT Decl. § 4 . Prob. same word as 1 a.¤ musical instrument: co bfogur mbinn os gach . . . vil[e] adba ciuil , Aisl. Tond. 114.22 . Perh. also: m'tabhra fa dheóidh gan deóra / d'adhbha cheóil an chláirseóra, IGT Decl. ex. 1300 . i n-adhbhadhaibh ceoil amháin (= in musicis solum instrumentis), Keat. i 40.11 . an tan do thaighleadh a lámh / a nadhbhuidh chiúil go cómhlán, Manners and Customs iii 273.40 . noch . . . gléasas dóibh fein adhbhadha ciúil , `instruments of musick', Amos vi 5 . Without qual. gen. guth adhbhadh viols, Isaiah xiv 11 . ar adhbha dheich ttéad, Psalms xcii 3 . Cf. adb, adbann, aidemm. In meaning of adbann: dob' í a adhbha ciúil / . . . / seinm a each, síonghlór na sriobh, L. Cl. A. B. 156.73 .

adbann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adbann or dil.ie/338

 

Forms: adhbhann, Adhbhann

n o, m. (ad + 3 fonn? See Lochlann ii 203 ) Later also f. adhbhann f. IGT Decl. § 11 . strain of music, tune: goltraige .i. adhband trirech imefuilnge gol, Corm. Y 721 ( Anecd. iv 61 ). esnad .i. abhran (adban, v.l.), O'Dav. 777 . oda (ᾠδή) .i. adbond, Fél.² xcvi gl. 1 (1) . sirrechtach do chaeiniud .i. adbonn no bind do toitim, O'Curry 1296 ( H 3.18, 539 ) = adhbann, 1473 (ib. 653 ). adpand do seinm `to play a tune', Mon. Tall. 131.29 (§ 10) . rochachain . . . / tri hádbaind do barr in chraind / .l. bliadan cech adbaind, Fél. 158 § 23 ( LL 368 marg. inf.). trí ségainni Hérenn . . . a.¤ a cruit `a tune on the harp', Triads 89 . ar chumas n-adhbhann (: dall) `for power of melody', Studies 1920, 98 § 9 . da seinntea adhbunn do coiscfedh dia geran hí `if thou wert to play a strain', Stair Erc. 672 . an adhbhann chiúil, TD 23.7 . ba bhinne ná adhbhann ciúil , Oss. iv 4.19 . ni thabhair aphann da h'áidh / ni cheis re comhrádh macáimh she pays no heed to any tune, Irish Texts ii 75 § 17 . In meaning of 2 adba: le sámhthachuibh seinnfidhe / ar ádhbannuibh iorghuile, IGT Decl. ex. 455 . As n. pr. Adhbhann (name of a girl), Ériu v 82.28 .

Cf. 1 adb, 2 adba.

admolad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. admolad or dil.ie/502

 

Forms: adhmoladh

n u, later o, m. (ad + molad. See admolaid). In later lang. usually adhmoladh (on the phonetic treatment, see O'Rahilly, Celtica i 340 ).

Act of praising; great praise: do admolud in Choimded, Trip.² 1997 . gaibtir ag a.¤ ┐ ic [a]d[h]amrugud in sceoil sin, TBFr. p. 22 § 24 . do chum mh' Íosa . . . d'onórughadh ┐ d'adhmholadh uaim, Desid. 1666 . oirbearta na hErenn . . . d'imluadh ┐ d'adhmholadh, MR 94.z . do athchor a chotaig admolta fri righ Temrach, Anecd. ii 74 § 31 . do chuinchid a n-admolta o dainib, PH 8358 . adhmoladh Íunainde for Ercuil, Stair Erc., 430 . In ref. to literary compositions act of eulogising; eulogy, praise-poem: lo[gh] ar a.¤ , Laws v 130.1 Comm. batar int aes admolta . . . oc a.¤ ind rīg, Fing. R. 341 . ro-canait ciúil ┐ airfiti ┐ admolta dóib, CRR 13 . a n-áes ciúil ┐ airfiti ┐ admolta, 3 . ro gab F. ar a.¤ ┐ dobretha laid furri, TBC-LL¹ 783 . anois ar a cruth corcra / dailfiod [m]o deoch agmolta, ZCP ii 338.19 . sreath adhmholaidh, DDána 73.13 . do len an t-athmoladh air / fer na hathroghan d'iarraidh, IGT Decl. ex. 252 . ēigis re h-adhmolad, ML² 1193 .

aidemm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aidemm or dil.ie/870

 

Forms: aidimm, idim, uidim, udaim, ughaim, audaim

n ā, f. Also aidimm i, m. See GOI p. 163 . Found in a great variety of forms: idim, uidim, udaim, ughaim, audaim etc.

The general sense is instrument, implement, tool used in a variety of applications, see Plummer, Ériu x 118 . aidmi oipretho pectho ref. to membris nostris, Wb. 3c14 . arnaib aidmib gl. pro instrumentís uindictæ, Ml. 54b4 . ind adim (in adim, MS.) gl. instrumentum est diuinae iustitiae, 49b7 (see GOI loc. cit.); ?read i n-adim as an instrument, Plummer MS. notes. Of musical instruments: alaaile aidme ceuldae, Ml. 51c5 . aláaili aidme in chiuil, 89a9 . it hæ didiu ind aidmi asmbeirsom .i. organa , 8 . inna aidmi (a pl.) gl. instrumenta musica, 75c3 . caraid som inna aidmi in chiuil amal carthar inducbál, 4 . anmand aidmi ciuil , Auraic. 1482 . Of writing-implements: Tadhcc . . . do sgrib an beccan sin . . . le drochaidhme, L. Chl. S. 74.5 . Of shaving-implements: aidhme in berrtha, Lism. L. 2630 . Of agricultural implements etc.: aidme claidi in talman, Trip.² 921 . cona aidhmibh iarnaidhe . . . an talam do tochailt dona haidmibh, BNnÉ 323 § 34 . cen chlaidbe adma fige `without rods or implements of weaving', Metr. Dinds. iv 332.30 . aidhme legha, H 3.18, 71c11 . Of travel-requisites: aidmi na conaire, TTr.² 590 . na huile aidhme ro báidhid innte ó chen, AFM iii 42.9 . aidmi gl. armamenta nauis ( Acts xxvii 19 ), Thes. i 498.27 (Ardm.) ra iarraidit as cech aird a h-adbara ┐ a áidimmi (of building a ship), LL 218b31 ( TTr. 122 ). Of sports-requisites: a aidhme ainesa, TBC St. 908 . aidme (aidhbena, v.l.) ainesa, TBC-LL¹ 2247 . Of weapons: fo aicni na haidhme dar feradh in fuiliuga[dh] according to the nature of the weapon with which the wound was inflicted, O'D. 874 ( H 3.17, c. 627 ). mas tre ésce ferfaithir na cneda, cibe aidim trisa ferthair, 2323 ( Rawl. B 506 fo. 34a ). cach udhim aidmillti, CCath. 4139 . dorónsat gaill aidhme iongnaithe damhainsi ealadhan ┐ inntlechta, AFM iii 280.w . focerdsi iolar ndaoine go hEirinn cona n-aidhmibh techta leo 'with the necessary arms', vi 2000.6 , cf. ataat a aidmi téchte lasin n-aidchi (leg. aithech? Notes), BDD² 1355 . aidhme toghla an chaisteoil do dhénamh leó, AFM vi 1980.6 . Of furniture, vessels, etc.: aidmib h-in airc . . . co h-ulib, LB 123a47 . do denamh na hairce gos na haidhmibh ros foghain di, Leb. Gab.(i) 8.20 . fa hiad aidhme a adhbhadh, DDána 83.13 . Esp. of ecclesiastical utensils: huanaib aidmib noibaib robatar hi tempul, Ml. 74a13 . aidme altoire, Laws i 232.4 = itmi a.¤ , O'Curry 809 ( H 3.18, p. 374a ). in altóir cona haidmib téchtaib, Ériu i 219 § 6 . ruc brait móir a cathraig ṅDé / ┐ romill a aidme, ZCP iii 19.19 . mess cet n-unga do aidmib aiffrinn Ceallaig, AU ii 98.5 . crosa ┐ polaire ┐ tiagha leabur ┐ aidhme eclusdai arcena, Lism. L. 968 . aidme coiserca .i. airc . . . in coimded ┐ na table cloche . . ., YBL 169a18 . ? a cethair soisgéla ana láim féin ┐ sceota na n-aidhbheagh ar muin cléirigh re chois, Imr. Brain 64.10 = sceota na n-aidhbéadh, 31 . Of plough-traces, harness: no ticcedh damh allaidh . . . gusan seisrigh no gusan ughaim ┐ do theigedh 'san ughaim uadha féin, ZCP x 4.12 . do chuir a nughaim na ccámhull íad in the camel's furniture, Gen. xxxi 34 . a srien ┐ a n-audhaim `of their bridles and harness', Fl. Earls 252.27 . Of the membrum virile: mas i a uidim ro benad asin duine, Laws iii 354.15 Comm.

Technical name for the ring or hoop with which the hurdles of an enclosure or pound were fastened together (see Plummer loc. cit.): udim .i. nomen dond rōi (roid, v.l.) triasa tēit in crand bīs forsin clēith ocon udmad, nō occa dūnad, Corm. Y 1269 `u. is the name of the great ring through which passes the stake on the hurdle, fastening it with an u. or closing it', Plummer. udhma .i. uaim arin fidh .i. . . . in idh bec bis a[c] comat in cumainn, O'Dav. 1615 . ar cul a comla . . . .i. ni fuaslaicther de dogrés .i. aidhme fonaisctear and, O'D. 1182 (H. 2.15 p. 45 (69)b) `behind the door . . . i.e. it is never released thence, that is, `aidhme' are fastened on it', Plummer (see udmad). Similarly in phrase a.¤ corthi: udhaim corthi .i. idh uaim .i. uaim in fedha, O'D. 1208 (H. 2.15, 83a). audoim .i. roi[d] gait, ut dicitur audaim corthe, O'Curry 124 ( H 3.18, p. 75 ). aí daim choirthe (audaim coirthi, audhoim corthi, audim corad v.l.), IT iii 36 § 18 ; 37.2 , 6 , 8 .

In general sense of means, cause: aidim duinibaidh, RC xxxvii 347 § 42 . Cf. aidme.

1 airfitech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 airfitech or dil.ie/1965

 

Forms: oirfideach

(airfitiud)

I Adj. o, ā musical, harmonious: salmcetlaidh lanbhind lanairpeitech do Dhia, Lism. L. 4500 . tir ilcheolach airphetech, 3858 . sasad a.¤ na naingel, Rawl. B. 512, fo. 70c (Plummer MS. notes). glāim gilla uasail oirchetail oirfitig aín, MacCongl. 87.4 . As adv. na ro-etsium co herfhetech fri hecnach with pleasure(?), PH 6876 .

II Subst. o, m. oirfideach m. IGT Decl. § 22 . minstrel, player, musician: aes ciuil ┐ oirfidid oilcena, Laws v 108.20 . binnius airfitig inna guth, MU² 749 . int áes dána ┐ na hairfitig, 847 . a.¤ re tētaib, ACL iii 223.23 . oirfideach ré seinm ┐ re gabháil duan ┐ dréacht do láthair an ríogh, Keat. ii 5338 . airfidech Ailella ┐ Meadba . . ., Celt. Rev. iv 112.1 . tré ucht-bruinne an oirfidich, 11 . gabhuid na hoirfidigh . . . ag iaraidh bi[dh], BNnÉ 163 § 31 . gingob é in fer dána ifus / is oirfidech é a oenar, SG 248.40 . cúic óirfitig na féinne, 108.26 . re hil-gles a hoirfideach, MR 102.18 . saormaighistir senma ┐ airpheteach and a minstrel, AFM iii 612.6 . ? cech urḟaidech, O'D. 2212 (Nero A vii, 146b).

2 airfitech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 airfitech or dil.ie/1966

 

n o, [m.] (airfitiud) music, minstrelsy: sói shenma ┐ oirfidigh Erenn, ALC i 462.5 . is é Dond bo fer airfidig ([air]fitiuch v.l.) as dech bai inn Erinn iter senchas . . . ┐ cach ciniul airfidig, RC xxiv 50.1 . oc cantain ciūil ┐ airfidigh, ZCP v 501.20 . iomdha oirfideach eoin bhinn / ag mac inghine Iaichim, DDána 37.22 .

airfitiud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airfitiud or dil.ie/1969

 

Forms: oirfideadh, -idh, oirfide

n u, later also o, m. oirfideadh m. (g s. and n p. -idh), IGT Decl. § 11. Verbs § 83 . Note also n s. in oirfide , Feis Tighe Chonáin 663 . Vn. of ar-peiti. act of entertaining, delighting; entertainment, esp. minstrelsy, music: dusnāncatar cruiti . . . dia n-airfided (a.¤ , LU), TBC-I¹ 832 . ba hé Ísu doluidh . . . do airpetiud Adamnáin, Anecd. ii 17.23 . an chuil chorcra ro baí ic airfidedh Midir rob sí Édain, Ériu xii 154.15 (TE2). anais . . . C. . . . oc a.¤ ban n-Ulad, LU 8565 ( FB § 42 ). slóig in domain d'áirphéiteodh, SG 109.2 . ēnlaith 'ga n-oirfidiud / tre biuthiu sīr, ZCP viii 201.33 . atconnarc áes ciúil . . . ic aerfitiud dond ingin, LU 3770 ( SCC § 34 ). a[c] cantain ciuil ┐ airdfide d'Oilill ┐ do Meidb (of a minstrel), Celt. Rev. iv 112.6 . aruspeittet céola ┐ airfiti, TBFr. 287 . comlantius cecha airir ┐ cecha hairfite, LU 2759 . la meít ind airfite ó chechtar de diaraile, LL 231b2 . airbitiu .i. failti, ut est airbitiu menman tuarustal miad, O'Dav. 45 . airpeitiud aiccnid, CCath. 4837 . esbaid airpheitid (airfidig v.l.), Airne F. 225 . ní a.¤ nach n-oenchorn, TBC-LL¹ 2342 . d'erfidibh in talman, TTr.² 643 . bean na dheóigh go donnphubal / darbh ḟear eóil a oirfideadh, IGT Decl. ex. 467 . na ceōdla ┐ na hoirfitheadha is binde leat, Feis Tighe Chonáin 263 .

Gratification, satisfaction: oirfitiud na toile doenai, Trip.² 52 . scérait fri a.¤ in domain-seo ro charsat, LU 2402 . atfiadhar sin ar airfited anma na n-irisech, Lism. L. 2506 . in t-a.¤ ┐ in fáilte fil do'nd ernastaid spirutalda, PH 3986 . no-s-dilsig di-a hairfitedaib collaidib, 4625 . is cendach cin ceill/ ar airfeidedh aonuaire / siraitreb a péin, LB 152 marg. inf.

2 aithche

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 aithche or dil.ie/2584
Last Revised: 2013

 

n (? 2 aidech) harmony (?): t[u]csi a.¤ ciuil cuigi (i.e. Fer Diad) d[o toirmesg] amenman, RC xi 320 § 72 (TBC.) tucsi aithchi ciuil cuigi d'urgairdiugud a meanman, ZCP x 307.14 . in uair do cluinid bindius no aithi ciuil , Ériu xi 178 § 3 . In concrete sense, a type of musical instrument : musica insdruminntalis .i. in ceol noch ata is na hindsdruiminntibh ata airid de is na tedaibh mar atait timpain ┐ aithchi ciuil ┐ a cosmaile, Éigse xix 400 .

aitherrach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aitherrach or dil.ie/2630
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: atharrach, atharrach, aithearrach, -ig, -igi, aithearrachadh, atharrachadh, aithirriuch, oitherroch, atherruch, atheruch, atherrugh, aitherruch

adj -ech in Ml. Also atharrach. o, n. Vn. of ad-eirrig (see also aithrige). Later m. atharrach, aithearrach m. (g s. -ig, n p. -igi), IGT Decl. § 55 . aithearrachadh, atharrachadh, Verbs § 84 .

(a) act of repeating; repetition: is gnáth do a n-aitherrech `that repetition is usual for him', Ml. 94a3 . is gnath hi salmaib aitherrech forsna sunu cétnai, 133d2 . aitherrech forsanóinainm, 131a8 . atherruch i ṅguth ṅgnáth . . . is é in taitherruch . . . emnad óenfocuil i n-oeniniud isind runn ┐ cen lenamain dé o ṡein immach i.e. repeating a word or words as a device in poetry, LU 407 . aitherruch ar guth ṅgnath ar randaigecht moir inso, IT iii 79 § 50 . ar n-imdugud ┐ ár n-atheruch athgon ┐ athbulli, LL 226a23 ( TTr. 657 ).

D s. used as temporal adv. again: aithirriuch, Ml. 46b1 , 48d27 , 60a9 , Thes. i 489.36 ( Tur. 80 ), Críth G. 311 . oitherroch, Thes. ii 242.18 (Ardm.). aitherrach, Laws i 92.5 .i. . . . atharrach fechtusa eile, 98.23 Comm. atherruch, SR 1546 . atheruch, LU 1763 . TBFr. 228 . atherrugh, Ériu i 215.19 . aitherruch, ii 122 § 61 . Of dates, etc.: cusin samain a.¤ until next Hallow's Eve, RC x 224 § 14 . in seachtmad fichit isin mis chetna athirrach, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 24.37 . With prepp.: d'atherruch, SR 7408 . d'aithearrach, Dán Dé xxviii 12 . canir dano biad fri aitherruch an extra Beati is sung, Mon. Tall. 131.7 (§ 8) .

(b) act of changing, altering; change: aitherrech cheitbada lesom anisiu `he has here a correction of sense', Ml. 98b5 . dom aithirriuch gl. mihi ad emendationem, 22d5 . tairmrith .i. atharrach, O'Dav. 1577 (Fél. June 4). aithearach dlui n-assa, Laws i 268.7 .i. in oiriut bes . . . ag athearrach dlui, 300.22 Comm . a aitherruch as 'and removal [of the corpse] out of it', Mar. Dis. 48 § 38 ( Rawl. B. 506.45 ). m'olc d'aithearrach to change my evil nature(?), Dán Dé vi 36 . gan síl Adhaim d'a.¤ / máthair Chríst gar comhfhortacht, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 338.21 . atharrach na breithi `abrogation of the decision', Hy Maine 142.7 . do-gnid . . . imircedha ┐ aitherraige longphort `changes of camp', CCath. 3439 . earbuis . . . an sēpēl d'a.¤ `to remove the chapel', Fl. Earls 122.32 . athearrach aigidh turning pale, CF 654 . fir Alban diar n-a.¤ , Duan. F. i 89 (in sense of malairt destroying us(?), iii 80 ). Gramm. gan connsuini láir an fhocuil nach pearsa d'a.¤ d'ogham le hégsamhlacht ngáoidhilgi not to alter, IGT Introd. 3.4 . With DI: ni indliged doib athairec din conair fora setchi to transfer from one procedure to another, Cóic Con. 23 § 23 (atharrac, v.l. See note p. 82.).

(c) Common with gen. in sense of malairt lit. a change of, hence a different, another (cf. malairt): dia roibh a seanathuir i nannoit ┐ a athuir in atharach annoite, Laws iii 66.12 Comm. cia domrad Dia a n-aitherruch ecaisc (of an abbot changed into a woman), Anecd. i 77.15 . a.¤ cresa, Grail 3249 . a.¤ cuir do chor don choróin `to transfer the crown' (of the Earl of Essex), AFM vi 2258.13 . do glacadh aitherraigh aēir `take a change of air', Fl. Earls 238.2 . nach iarrthar a aithearrach sin nought else save that, Parrth. Anma 1258 . a aithearrach mar aighne / it aghaidh ní iarrfaim-ne no other advocate, DDána 11.33 . ni bhfuil m'aithearrach ann `there is none beside me', Isaiah xlv 6 . Redundantly: nách fuil a aithearrach ann achd é féin, Mark xii 32 .

(d) diversity, variety: tuic co tuicter [atharrach] fiabrais do reir aiterruigh na córp ┐ na ceoand = secundum diversitatem vaporum et corporum, Rosa Angl. 50.7 . is imdha atherrach creidium innti `a great variety of belief', Maund. 145 . dá chinēl déc . . . d'atharrach céol, RC xxiv 376.16 . lia d'aithearrach aosa ciúil `more numerous the variety of its musicians', TD 27.10 .

1 anaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 anaid or dil.ie/3302
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: ainfa, -anéb, -anaeb, -anub, -aineba, ainfaindse, anad, anta

v Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 455 . GOI § 523 . See also Celt. Verb p. 85 ff. IGT Verbs § 73 , § 80 . In early lang. with palatal -n- in fut. and condit., and later also with fut. in -éb-: Fut. 1 s. ainfa, Wb. 14a8 , etc. -anéb, LU 6375 ( TBC-I¹ 1861 ). -anaeb, TBC-LL¹ 2515 . -anub, 2518 . 3 s. -aineba (: ailechu, Celtica xi 95 ), MacCongl. 5.8 . Condit. 1 s. no ainfaindse , Laws i 250.20 etc.

Later also with initial f, see infra.

Vn. anad, vbl. of necess. anta.

(a) stays, remains, abides: intain ronanissiu dom héisse `when thou hast remained after me', Wb. 29d9 . is do inso noainfeda `it is for this thou wouldst have remained', 27d20 . nirransam we have not remained (in that state), 19d6 . luid . . . Fiacha . . . ┐ anaid Fergus, IT i 75.16 . tíagam ar ndís . . . ┐ anat ar n-óic sund, TBFr. 380 . ansait tri lá, 146 . dursan nach anadh anmait, BNnÉ 313 § 5 . do-anusdair Edarcomhal . . . ar eis Fergusa, ZCP viii 551.1 . dá n-ana ar an iul dhíreach if he were to keep to the true knowledge, DDána 58.30 . do anustair an tseisrech ina sesamh, BNnÉ 222.4 . dogebh bas . . . da n-anar mur so co fada, ZCP vi 27.1 . an-sa is L. go réidh `remain quiet you and L.,' Content. xiv 31 . fanaig go mín, Párl. na mB. 424 . Note also: go n-anann fiadhánta remains wild, TSh. 7461 . smuain orra . . . ┐ an ós a cceann go fadsduidérach consider them, Mac Aingil 3929 . Waits for, till (co): ansu . . . co nimparrá in carpat wait . . . till I turn . . ., TBC-I¹ 24 . an biuc . . . corot-aicciller, Sc.M² 9 . ni aned-som co n-indechad, LU 4342 . ainfe co mba sen `thou shalt live to be old', Ériu iii 108 § 54 . nir anatar no co rangatar co . . ., L. Chl. S. 2 . go Beinn Éadair níor hanadh `there was no halt till (they reached) B.,' Content. xxviii 16 . With CEN: roansad-sum gan dul tairis, TTebe 2723 . in tan anmait-ne cen imluad a corp-sum, PH 2059 . an feadh do anfadh gan pheacadh, TSh. 3406 . a.¤ DI or DO adheres to: máthair do fhan dá hiris who stuck to her faith, A. Ó Dálaigh xxv 4 . [anaid] dod chorp . . . / poill na gcló . . ., PBocht 24.18 . anar dá thairngire d'Aodh Oirnidhe, DDána 109.13 . a.¤ FOR (AR) ansait ... forsind fhledugud, TBFr. 146 . decides on, fixes on, agrees to: intan na hantai for cocertad Medba when you do not abide by the decision of M., LU 9003 . anfat-sa fair I shall abide by it, MU² 188 . ni ro-an ┐ nir tairis menma Coluim cilli ar Uib Neill isin cath sin did not remain fixed on the O'Neills(?), RC xxiv 52 § 11 . do ḟanadar ar leith Eireann do léighean uatha do Eóghan, ML 66.9 . is é ní ar ar fanadh againn this is what we have decided on, Maguires of F. 17 . conadh fair ro hanadh leó fó dheóidh `they finally agreed upon', AFM vi 2334.17 . mar bhanaighne is ort anaim I am content with thee, PBocht 14.36 . is dearbh liom nach anfá ar mh'inghin mar mhnaoi phósta `thou wouldst not be content with', Keat. iii 2793 . geallais go n-anfadh ar a thoil feadh a ré `promised that he would do his will', 835 . na han ar inmhe as lugha / ná ar thabhaigh `be not satisfied with any less fortune than . . .', Aithd. D. 8.34 . a.¤ FRI (RE, LA) waits for : níruanus fris, Wb. 14d29 . an frim céin córda sille wait for me till I look at them, LU 3807 ( SCC 37 ). cid frisin n-anaid and? anmai . . . frisin n-id n-ucut we wait because of yonder withe, 4738 (TBC). dia nana fria . . . muna[b] an do beir fiacha inn, Laws ii 52. x Comm. an rim a rí richid, LL 374c19 . niro ansom . . . ri cungid clochi he didn't wait to look for a stone, LL 14430 . anais Eōgan fria, ML² 416 . re freagra d'fhagháil do an, DDána 5.21 . do anamar le comairle n-Dé, BNnÉ 49 § 32 . a.¤ I N-: ni roan indi cuse / sín na snigi . . ., Thes. ii 292.16 (Hy. ii). ni anand sai i son, Laws v 2.8 Comm. dá n-antá rinn i modh cheart `had you acquiesced as we do in the truth', Content. v 84 . an feth anfuidhi a n[b]ar pec[th]aib féin, ni fuil ecla acainne romaib, Maund. 123 . do an féin san bhfearann gcéadna, Keat. ii 354 . fan am fochair si, Judges xvii 10 . corruanat inna arrad, Ml. 42a4 . a.¤ LA stays with: acht ni ainfed liumsa, Wb. 32a11 . Cf. 7a17 . anis iii aithgi la suide `it remained three nights with him', Thes. ii 242.14 (Ardm.). anaid iarsin ind athgabail la fer do dobeir a forus the distress remains with the man who puts it in a pound, Laws ii 128.24 Comm. a.¤ ó remains away from, avoids: cionnus úaidh dofhanfainn-si?, Ériu ix 4.z . ni anand o creicc m'indmais, Three Hom. 64.8 . ná han uaithi (of repentance), Mac Aingil 554 . do fhan dé Domhnaigh ó Aifreann, A. Ó Dálaigh xlix 6 . a.¤ OC stays with: anais sechtmain occai, Trip.² 1246 . ind ainfedea oca `wouldst thou abide there', Mon. Tall. 134.8 (§ 19) . is tall anas oca, Laws i 212.8 Comm. an accamsa i n-oighreacht t'athar, BNnÉ 292 § 10 . tearc iadhadh aga n-anann few bonds hold it (of the body), PBocht 12.15 . ionnus nar an aige acht seacht mba until he had only seven cows left, Keat. ii 4692 . ní anann aithne ná úrlabhra . . . aige, Párl. na mB. 3661 . tuigim nách anfadh aguinn / aoradh an óig . . . / . . . / ó ḟolaibh airdríogh Éirionn `I know that the satirizing of the warrior . . . would not be left unpunished by the kindreds of the high kings . . .', TD 23.22 . continues: issindí nad ran oc precept did not continue preaching(?), Wb. 14d30 . aoibhneas ag nach anfaidhe / a dhaoirmheas ní dlighfidhe pleasure which is not persisted in(?), PBocht 19.20 . abides by, holds by: do anudair ag foirm cheathruir ┐ is iad so an ceathrar ar ar anadar `they agreed to abide and submit to the decision of four persons', ML 180.y . ní bhacfadh tuar a thighe / dá n-antar ag uan Muire, PBocht 12.24 .

(b) resists, withstands (FRI): is é imsním fa mó ag na míledhaib nach anta (= antaí) re [a] n-imresnaib that the enemy would not wait their attack at close quarters, Caithr. Thoirdh. 75.28 . fris a n-irgail ní hantoir nobody withstands him in battle, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. v (1919) 93 § 29 . ní h-anthar ris á rind gliad, Hy Fiach. 294.1 . nir hanad annsin ac Mumnechaib re huruad mec inn Ardrig `the M. did not stand their ground, through fear of the Highking's son', Ann. Conn. 1225.17 .

(c) ceases, stops, desists: ánanas `when it ceases', Ml. 71b5 . intan . . . nunanad when it came to rest (the cloud over the Ark), 83a4 . trisnacemmen inandais, 133b4 . an ná toirche dom thadhall stop, PBocht 3.41 . anadh an uaill let pride cease, 6.36 . ro ansat na drochdoene / o ro marbhtha a ceile evil people have desisted, Misc. Hib. 17 § 5 ( LL 19075 ). Of sound, etc.: anat for mbriathra bági cease your boastful words, LU 8425 ( FB 29 ). ansat na hegme, 1907 . anait begg tra . . . na cruitiri, TBFr. p. 17 § 11 . co cend se ṁbliadna déc ni ro an gol na crith leo i n-Ultaib did not cease, IT i 77 § 16 (LMU). a.¤ DI desists from, gives up: na anam di dénum maith, Wb. 20c14 . nícon ainiubsa (conainib MS) dut moladsu, Ml. 53b8 . iarsindi ronan hua céin di aisndis dun popul after he had ceased for a while from speaking of the people, 126b1 . de molad Dé ni anad, Thes. ii 315.1 (Hy. ii). anait dint shenmaim, TBFr. 122 . nicon aniubsa dib i.e. I won't refrain from killing you, TBC-I¹ 2886 . nócon ainfe ingrimm ┐ acrae díib co bráth, Trip.² 2217 . níro ansat do silid, 792 . conrana (leg. cor-rana, ed.) don dualaich sin until he can give up that vice, Ériu vii 162.6 . o ra ansad don merugud `when they ceased from straying', RC xxiv 196.9 . noco roscar na scela / ni ro an dia abéla, LL 375a41 . a.¤ oc desists from: nocho n-antais cei[n] no antais occa treghdagh, Anecd. i 67 § 145 . lucht an indluig ni anat / ag éccnach a n-eascarat, Ériu iv 212 § 2 . nir anais . . . ic a dénum, PH 8119 . ní anat an énlaith sin ac canainn cíuil , RC xxiv 379.23 . dá n-anta ga n-iongabháil, Aithd. D. 36.31 . níor an 'gá chuinghidh . . . gur . . ., Dán Dé ii 7 . nā han ag atach Rīgh nimi, ZCP vi 272 § 14 . ni anann an fhairgi co brac ac linadh ┐ ac tragad, Ir. Astr. Tr. 46.5 . ní anann acht oc does not cease to: nach anann acht agar sgras-ne, Fier. 87 . ní anann sé acht ag senmóir, Dán Dé xxii 1 . ni antais acht ag aslach na nGaoidheal, Hugh Roe 308.25 (fo. 80b) . a.¤ AR desists from: nír an dá éise ar a fhuath . . . go bhfríoth aisde lé mar luach she did not cease to hate him, PBocht 27.26 .

3 ara

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 ara or dil.ie/3915

 

Forms: ara, araid, faraid, araib

n (-ae) d, m. ara (on ghilla) m., IGT Decl. § 21 . Also araid, IT i 272.23 ; ZCP viii 231 § 26 . faraid, ZCP iii 45.10 . Note also d p. araib, Caithr. Thoirdh. 12.34 , 36.15 . Derived from *are-seds by O'Brien, Celtica iii 170 . See also Vendr. Lex.

(a) charioteer: aire ┐ arae ab auriga . . . amail remetet ara choimdid, O'Mulc. 54 . lēim dar ais dond aroid for rith, 759 . faitsi . . . ainm do suidhiu ind arad, Corm. Y 698 ( Anecd. iv 59.26 ). ni-caīn-cotli are senfonnith, ZCP xi 93 § 22 . dorochair arae Aiffe, RC xi 450.119 . ara ara bélaib isin charput a charioteer in front of him (i.e. the fighter) in the chariot, LU 9274 , 10232 . Foich ┐ Fochlam a nda a.¤ , 4729 . dufoid P. in carpat . . . cen arith nand, Thes. ii 242.12 (Ardm.). eter araid ┐ errid, IT i 325.27 . imasaí a charpat ┐ a arai[d], BDD² 13 . noí n-araid foglomma la tri primaradu ind rig, LU 7610 (BDD). ní gonaim aradu, TBC-LL¹ 1260 . tendsat araid Ulad a ṅglomraigi i mbélbaigib a n-echrad, MU² 285 . do-rigenta furopra ic aradaib Ulad, 308 . brechta druad ┐ arad, LL 1059 . ní dernae bésu arad practise not the ways of a charioteer, Ériu i 200.7 . t'a.¤ ┐ t'each, IGT Decl. ex. 794 . Appositional gen.: Cairpre arad (: scarad), Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 28.3 . ria nĀed arad (: nDanar), Arch. Hib. ii 62 § 47 .

(b) In more general sense of messenger, attendant: a.¤ .i. giolla, O'Cl. luid in t-a.¤ (.i. in buachail) do thaig in druad, IT i 40.19 . aes ciuil . . . ┐ araid, Laws v 108.20 . araid dano ┐ oblóre . . . oc dáil dóib, Ériu iv 124.23 . daetain . . . d'aradhaibh, ZCP vi 37.z . a ngille ┐ a n-aradha, AFM vi 2198.18 . aes uirmheata ┐ aradha, 2130.10 . oen gilla arad leo, ┐ assan i.e. one servant to drive the donkey(?) (of the flight into Egypt), LB 141b19 .

Compd. ¤-ṡlúag: coill eachraidh is aradhshluaigh `loss of horses and waggons', Studies 1921, 419 § 14 .

In n.loc. du láthruch da arad, Thes. ii 240.16 (Ardm.). Cf. Airecar n-arad s.v. airecar.

1 ard

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ard or dil.ie/4041
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: árd, árt, art, arad, arad, arrad, arruidṡliocht

also árd. árt, Wb. 24d9 . art, Thes. ii 235.15 . Somet. arad metri gratia, esp. in later lang.: arad, IT iii 104 § 202 . arrad, Ó Bruad. i 32 § xiv . arruidṡliocht, 23 G 24, 239.4 .

I Adj. o, ā

(a) Of objects not in contact with ground high: innahí ruptar ardda dunnai (of planets), Thes. ii 11.42 (BCr.). In compds. tri ardlémend, LU 4021 ( SCC 47 ). ard-luth a eich high motion, CCath. 4712 . ardnem na náemh, RC xxiv 372.25 . Cf. airdrenn, 2 airdrech.

(b) high above ground, elevated, lofty . Of a place: huand luc digas no a.¤ gl. e loco editiore, Ml. 58a12 . 47c19 . isna lucu arda, 23d23 . Of a mountain etc.: hi tilchaib ardaib, Ml. 14a9 . iter da sliab arda, TTebe 898 . Of a building etc.: gríanána . . . ardda, MU² 201 . i n-iomdhaidh aird raised high from floor(?), Magauran 1380 . Cf. compd. ¤-lepaid: iomdaighe ┐ árdleapthacha, RC xiv 30 § 12 . go rabat ind (leg. id ?) ardleabaidh / a mna a meic may they be in Thy high bed (place of honour ?), Anecd. ii 33 § 17 . mairidh an fhithchioll eagair / do h-imbearthaoi a n-áirdleabaidh, ML 50.6 . Of a tree tall: ind huinnius ardd, Sg. 67a11 . arnaib fedaib sonartaib ardaib, Ml. 146a6 . crann a.¤ , Stair Erc. 384 . Of a vessel in compds.: fó inbiur in ardchori `lofty cauldron' (deep ?), MacCongl. 39.17 . airdiena (ardíana v.l.) ibardha deep(?) yew vessels, Anecd. ii 58 § 20 . Cf. 1 ardán.

(c) Of the sea: cathair ṡlúaigh do airg d'ḟoiléim / a ngoibéil chúain aird ainiúil deep(?), IGT Decl. ex. 518 . In compds.: an ardmhuir thened high sea, ocean (?), Ériu ii 124 § 68 (calque from Lat. altum mare , Deutsche, Kelten und Iren 99 ). tar ard mhuir cciachdhuibh `tossing', Ir. Review 1913, 624 § 16 . dún is inber is ard-ler, Metr. Dinds. iii 112.34 .

(d) Of sounds loud: a.¤ aniu . . . gáir guil, Cog. 96.3 . frecra n-a.¤ n-obéle loud answer, Tec. Corm. § 25.12 . traetaít na ciulu islí na ciuil arda, BB 327b33 . In compds.: blūsair .i. nuall ardegóir, O'Mulc. 180 = O'Dav. 329 . firfid Findbennach fri dond Cúalnge ardburach loud bellowing, LU 10401 . ag Eochaid Ardghair `of the loud cry', Ériu i 81 § 11 . ardghaire mbaeth loud foolish laugh, Fél. 206.y . do breth a hardguth for aird, LL 9226 (TBC). árdghothach ┐ easurramach loud and stubborn, Proverbs vii 11 .

(e) Of colour: fual . . . á.¤ , Rosa Angl. 188.4 .

(f) In fig. usage. Of rank or superior quality noble, dist- inguished: aire ardd, one of the grades of nobility , Críth G. 368 and p. 69 . Andreas a.¤ a ordan, Fél. Feb. 6 . bit áird úas dind ḟlatha exalted (of saints), Prol. 155. a bhanaltra charthannach an Chomhachtaigh aoird mighty(?), Hackett xix 41 . óclách a.¤, imnair, IT i 79.2 . art .i. uasal, Metr. Gl. 27 § 35 . Stowe Gl. 22 . Of foundations, institutions etc. ba cóir ceniptis árdda do chongbala-su, Trip.² 1564 . bid á.¤ bid úasal do chathir i talum, 472 . abb ecailse ardae, Fél. Jan. 2 . sacramaint ro-a.¤ a cuirp fein august, Smaointe B. Chr. 3324 . Of a place: bátir Érenn ardae / la m'Luóc . . . / grían Liss móir de Albae they were of noble Ireland, Fél. June 25 . Of a feast: ré Notlaicc aird aurgaiss, Fél. Nov. 13 . In compds.: domhnaighe . . . ┐ airdfheile, AFM ii 952.15 , casc . . . ardshollumun na bliadne principal festival, Lism. L. 323 . Gramm. ón táoibhréim a. iollraidh i.e., the g p. in a dental, IGT Introd. § 142 (see ísel).

In phr. ardu árosc, see árosc.

(g) great, extensive(?): ba ha.¤ in coscur .i. ba mor, Thes. ii 334.1 (Hy. v). a.¤ .i. mor nó sochaide, ut est a.¤ in athlighi .i. sochaide facbhuit ina lige, O'Dav. 21 .

(h) proud: ná bísi ard nó íseall, L. Cl. A. B. 132.58 . atbert athesc a.¤ proud answer, LL 19874 .

(i) difficult, laborious, arduous (based on Lat. arduus JCL ix 44 ): is rét a.¤ .i. foglaim inna hirisse foirbthe gl. res ardua atque difficilis, Ml. 14c10 . roart lessom epert friusom intsamli dæ, Wb. 24c10 .

Equative: ardithir . . . seólcrand prímlui[n]gi, LU 6474 (TBC). airdithir neolla nime gach fer dib, RC xvii 416.38 . goma hairdithir re h-én, MR 300.11 .

Compar.: cia thes hi loc bes ardu ní ardu de, Ml. 23d23 . ni arddu feisin quam a chocéle, Sg. 161b9 . ni artu ní nim `nothing is higher than heaven', Thes. ii 248.3 . arddu (arddiu v.l.) dōinib / acht nōibrī nime, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 10 § 4 . airdiu cach múr araile, LU 2037 ( FA 11 ). airddiu, IT i 77.13 . harda (: Alba = Albu), ZCP viii 197.11 . airdi sa hairdi `higher and higher', Études Celt. i 87.23 . As superl. caithir fhionn as airde múr, DDána 119.19 .

Superl. dobeir grád as ardam, Fél. Ep. 207 . ardam dossaibh highest of bushes, Auraic. 5548 . ardam iactadh loudest of groanings, 5575 .

Adv.: eigis co ha.¤ , TTebe 4407 . ? teist dober cu arad ort / tu labor olcc eltaide edranach, IT iii 104 § 202 . is a.¤ do ghradaigh si sibh she has loved you much, Smaointe B. Chr. 4970 . ag foillsiughadh go ha.¤ showing openly, Donlevy 62.28 . In phrase ós a.¤ : gan feis lé fear ós a.¤ `publicly', Keat. ii 2924 , cf. 1 aird.

II Subst. o

(a) high place, height: etir fán ┐ ardd, Ml. 140a2 . conid Temair a hainm ind aird sin, ZCP viii 313.29 . cit n-é . . . ardae ┐ indbera do-riadhad ? BDD² 456 . rith fri ha.¤ , Tec. Corm. § 21.8 . tar Echtge na n-a.¤ 's na n-áth, ZCP viii 222.8 . triall . . . ó arduibh iarthuir Eireann `hills', Ir. Review 1913, 624 § 16 . bás an daig[h]f[h]ir . . . / do theilg thuinn a n-aighidh aird, Bard. Synt. Tr. 24.28 . gan leath-trom learg d'fhán nó d'a.¤ (: bard), DDána 119.18 . eirnithe cach na.¤ (of a wound. Cf. cnocbéim), BCrólige 64 . ní léimid na héisc le hárdaibh eas, Hackett xv 12 . mar do ghabh sruth Iordan . . . a n-aghaidh áird i.e. flowed backwards, up-stream? Eochairsg. 66.2 (cf. Joshua iii 16 ). Frequ. in nn. loc: Ard nGabla, Metr. Dinds. i 40.29 . Ard n-Umai, RC xvi 79.20 . For further exx. see Hog. Onom.

(b) Of persons: isel fri art `lowly towards the high' (proud ?), Thes. ii 235.15 . in t-a.¤ . . . Ailill na n-áth, LL 4207 . tú in t-a.¤ ós gach iomaire, O'R. Poems 26 . a n-aird ┐ a n-airdirc, CCath. 4409 . ? ní cria . . . di ardd (di aird v.l.) `do not buy . . . from a superior', Tec. Corm. § 19.7 . art fine, one of the titles of the head of the `fine' (`den aus der oder über die `fine' Hervorragenden', Thurn., Mélanges ... à H. Pedersen 302 . In this phrase always with final -t. Cf. 1 art etc.): a.¤ uasal, unde dicitur a.¤ fine, Corm. Y 26 . in t-a.¤ fine .i. inti is airdi don fine, O'Dav. 486 . dia mbe a.¤ fine ar aird . . . is a.¤ fine icus, Laws v 224.14 Comm. dia tisad a.¤ fine fae, 13 Comm.

(c) Various: is caín cech a.¤ , LU 3915 ( SCC 43 ). a.¤ n-athe (of a king), ZCP viii 108.6 . tomus fri arddu (a sign of bad pleading), LL 345e14 ( Tec. Corm. § 22 n.12 ). ní guais áidh . . . / do bheanfodh dhe dol ar a.¤ (: Tadhg) `from growing to be great', O'Hara 4400 . In phrase a.¤ i n-a.¤ fri see 1 aird.

(d) Metrical term for a final rhyming or consonating syllable in the metre rinnard , see RC vi 273 , 298 ; vii 87 ff. ; Murphy Metrics 28 , 35 . rindaird dá n-a.¤, rinnaird tri n-a.¤, rinnaird iiii n-a.¤ , Fél. 4.z ., IT iii 137 . fil and mór nard ṅáille (of the metre of the Fél.), Fél. Ep. 83 . In compd. ¤-breccad internal assonance, IT iii 87 § 95 .

Compds. Used with nouns, adjj. and verbs. Besides its use in literal sense often indicates pre-eminence in rank or excellency over others of the same designation e.g. ardrí over-king (see ). ardḟlaith (flaith. ardlathi ` chief princes ', Wb. 1a3 ). ardap (ap) chief abbot (of the a. of Clonmacnoise, RC xviii 287.15 Tig.). ardepscop (epscop) archbishop . ardṡuí (suí) chief sage. ardáenach (óenach, of Taillte, Keat. ii 3851 ). ardídal ( ídal. á. na Héirenn .i. Cenn Crúaich, Trip.² 1005 ). Cf. ardchaerich adobcomnaicsi, ardlias duib, lias bec anisiu, caerig beca ann you are important sheep and have a great fold; this is a small fold with small sheep in it, Anecd. i 41.25 . Frequ. a mere intensive or alliterative prefix adding little to the meaning. A representative selection is given below. Some compds. have been included above to illustrate meanings.

(a) With nouns. ¤-aicned haughtiness: nír dhénta uaill na ardaignedh, Études Celt. i 85.28 . ¤-ammus judgement, estimate (interchanges with airdmes), O'Curry 1063 ( H 3.18, 439a ) = airdmes, O'D. 1629 (H. 5.15, 16b). O'D. 542 ( H 3.17, 434 ). O'Curry 2578 ( Eg. 88, 49(50)a ). ¤-broenud gl. imber, Metr. Gl. 5.2 , RC xx 276.23 (ACC). ¤-chell chief church: na tri haird-cealla (Maedóc's settlements), BNnÉ 260 § 220 . ? ¤-chellach incumbent of an ardchell(?): Adamnan ardcellach, Flower Cat. 490.30 . ¤-chend, as adj. having a lofty head: ech . . . ardchend, LU 8661 ( FB 49 ). da ech . . . ardchind, 8592 (ib. 45 ). for echaib ardchendaib, Alex. 253 . a Brain ardchind, LL 306a7 . As subst. a. iarthair Eorpa ar . . . ecna, AFM ii 838.2 . Moling 50 . ¤chless juggling in the air: ardchless co n-ublaib 'juggling in the air with balls' Celtica viii 149 (Mellbretha) . ¤-chustal: a. ┐ drochgné fair, LU 10829 `his loins girt(?)', Ériu xii 178 § 9 (TE). ¤-chor: ardchur ag an bpríomháid air while the primate had authority over him, Keat. iii 303 . árdchor aige ar na Scotaibh he had supremacy over the Scots, i 14.16. ¤-gabáil: gabaid a lēnid i n-ardgabāil `tucked up his shirt', MacCongl. 9.25 . in ardgabail-sea doníat in cuanairt . . . `high-catching', Acall. 7385 . claideb . . . i n-a. gaili fora chris raised, uplifted (for action), LU 6561 (TBC) = i n-ardgabail churad bar a chlíu, TBC-LL¹ 5340 . So also RC xliii 82 § 84 . seol grás uaidhe ar ardghabháil `a sail of graces is hoisted by Him', Aithd. D. 60.5 . do ardgabalaib in domuin chief conquests, ZCP iii 17.2 . ¤-gal: go gclos go nemh an a., Duan. F. i 32.9 . As n.pr. co teach Eachdach meic Ardgail, ZCP viii 219.27 . ¤-gním breast-work, rampart: airdgníma (adhgnímha v.l.) caelaig, CCath. 1394 . ¤-mac : ardmhac oglaig (oppd. to certmac o.), O'Curry 285 (H 3.18, 157) `chief son', Plummer MS notes. crichaireacht ... a taiseach, ┐a n-ard mac n-oglach, ┐ a n-olloman, Iar Conn. 368 (H. 2. 17, 188b). ¤-menma: dimus ┐a. arrogance, CCath. 3868 . ¤-mess: nir nanacht airdmes roclos / no chairdes no condolbos great esteem did not save him, SR 3135 . tria na n-a. ra halta / a cairdes bud ceṅgalta, LL 7134 . ¤-nemed: atnaig tar fót crúach i n-a. di[a] díte he conveys him over the bloody ground into full sanctuary for his protection, Críth G. 54 . ¤-nert superior power: ardneart Muman do gabail dó, AFM ii 1098.8 . ¤-nós: alladh ┐ ardnos, AFM vi 2368.4 . As n.pr. Grigair mac Ardnōis, ZCP viii 114.25 . ¤-phersa : techtiri ártphersine gl. Christi apostoli, Wb. 24d9 . ¤-radarc : ed ardradairc . . . úan fa deas atá `of a great prospect', Ériu iv 142.16 . gurab eissan ardriaghlaightheoir nimhe & talmhan e, Adtimchiol 27b11 . ¤ríge high kingship : debthaig immonn-ardríge, SR 6538 . ¤-scél : innisim dó mh'airdsgēla great news, ZCP viii 220.40 . ¤-ṡreb : ō chéibh īochtuir airdshreibhi, O'R. Poems 204 . ¤taoiseach 'haut chef' Études Celt. xii 514 . ¤-thuile : abann ard-tuile in full spate, BNnÉ 108 § 33 .

(b) With adjj. ¤-aicentach: do bhádar árdaigeantach haughty, Ezekiel xvi 50 . ¤érmach, éirmech: an agh fholuaimneach ard-érmeach, Acall. (Leabh. ó Laimhsgr.) ii 27.22 . ¤-mór : esculus . . . .i. fid arddmár `a very high tree', Sg. 53a7 . ar muraib ardmoraib an baili, TTebe 4453 . trí chert Amairgen ardmóir, LL 1762 . ¤-menmnach : airecht . . . a. high-spirited, CCath. 5362 . ¤-medrach sportive (of a wave), ML 94.16 . ¤-mín : a ingenraid n-a. tall and gentle, LU 3601 ( SCC 30 ). óclach seta fata . . . n-a., LL 11793 . ¤-réil : co sleib n-Ailp n-a. lofty and bright, Rawl. 78b35 . ¤-úallach high and haughty. As n.pr. a. ingen Ḟind, Acall. 6453 . ¤-úasal : a ardrí . . . a., MU² 834 . cech etha ardūasail imbeth, ZCP xi 92 § 19 .

(c) With vbs. ¤-chuirid : d'ardchuir m'atuirse which increased my sadness, Hackett xii 29 . ¤-ḟodlaid : maith fáth ro hardfódlad de was nobly divided(?), LB 185a21 . ¤-gaibid : ro ardgaib Assal, Fen. 342.20 . ¤-légaid : airdleghais B. . . . an leabar ngreccda read aloud, BNnÉ 84 § 169 (cf. ar-léga). ¤-lesaigid ir: ro hoiled ┐ ro hardleasaidhedh í (of Mary), Ev.Inf. (LFF) 171 § 24 . ró hoiled ┐ rohardleasáigiodh iad educated to a high standard, RC xiv 28 § 6 . ¤-mesaid : ar a eól is ardmesta `for his knowledge he deserves high esteem', Metr. Dinds. iii 438.8 . ¤-rígaid: airdrīghaigh rí, ZCP viii 205.4 . ¤-thidlaicid: ro edhbair ┐ ro ardthiodhlaic he nobly bestowed, Anecd. iii 6. x .

ar-peiti

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-peiti or dil.ie/4244
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: arabeiti, airfitiud

v (* ar-sét, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 627 ). Presumed short vowel of root due to infl. of prot. forms, ib. Initial p- (somet. b-) usual in deut. forms, f- in prot. forms, see GOI 124 . Freq. also with -tt- in deut. forms. Cf. also peited, peitid. Somet. treated as simple verb airfitid (see also airfitigid).

For the orig. literal meaning blows or sounds before see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 627 , 480.3 . In the exx. us. sounds to, plays for, entertains, etc., with subject meaning music, entertainment , etc.: arpeti cech díne it entertains (edifies?) every group, Fél. Ep. 79 (of the Félire). aruspeittet céola ┐ airfiti music and entertainment perform for them, TBFr. 287 . fūaim na gāithe frisin leman ardonpeiti makes music for us, ZCP vii 310 § 7 = ardos peti, Reeves Ad. 274.19 . arpetitis rīgu . . . ceōl na n-ēn . . ., ZCP iii 39 § 12 (ceōl neut. pl.?). don fir roairfitset uili whom all amused, xii 291.3 (of musical instruments, etc.). is tṡenchoss ardospeitted `in the legend that chanted to them', Metr. Dinds. iii 104.11 . dáig nosoerfeted a medar because their mirth used to entertain them, Ériu iv 124.y . is ed no-arfitedh Connachtai gach lai, eisin ac a indisi doip . . . this was what used to amuse, ZCP i 103.y . atat . . . brechtrad fors na cetfadaib ┐ fors na h-ulib ailib arpetet do duine which give pleasure to man, Alex. 998 . atat araile . . . arpetet o ṡúilib i fégad cumtach gémm . . . ┐ nis oirfitet diar cluassaib ná sróna, arpetet caínbolud . . . ┐ nirpetet (= ni arpetet) o ṡúilib, 1001-4 . Note further: arbeittet bairdni bindi / . . . ainm nAeda sweet poems extol (`modulate') the name of A., Thes. ii 295 § 8 . arrospetti mael an animal's head is their portion (at a feast), LL 3773 (see 1 mael (f)). arpéite na hócasa (of the head of a dead warrior), SG 412.15 . Exact application uncertain (and vb. perh. redundant) in: bao sūan ┐ ālgeni arapete in mac dēgenuch ar thrumma ina brithi, ZCP iv 36.19 = arabeitte, TBFr. 115 . See Études Celt. ii 16 . In TBFr. 114 , where MS has arbíth = ara bith, ZCP iv 36.17 , and where ed. has emended to arabeiti, the verb should perh. be referred to ar-tá.

Later (?) with subj. meaning musician(s), etc.: aruspettet (.i. sennit) a n-áes ciuil their musicians play to them, LU 4736 ( TBC-I¹ 250 ). ardopetet iarom a n-áes ciúil ┐ airfite, 8181 ( FB 13 ). cāine ailme ardommpetead `the bravest band makes music to me', K. and H. 30 . arrospedet ceól . . . na mna maithe the good women play music to them, Anecd. i 61§ 98 . airfid Laigniu anocht feib roairfedis do thigerna o chianaib `amuse the Leinstermen . . . as thou amusedst . . .', RC xxiv 62 § 21 . airfided nech aili thu anocht `let someone else amuse thee', 50 § 7. ? arpetend carbach fo chruch, LL 20178 ( Oss. i 49 . Leg. -ind?).

Vn. airfitiud. IGT Verbs § 83 .

1 cairche

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cairche or dil.ie/7879
Last Revised: 2019

 

n m. Perh. same word as 2 c.

(a) Appar. some kind of stringed musical instrument: mo tīag lethoir, mo cairchi `musical instrument', K. and H. 12.4 . With follg. gen. ciúil: a ḟeadán ┐ a thimpan ┐ a chairchi ciuil , Acall. 1755 . cid cúach, cid c.¤ ciúil chóir (in list of objects made by a wright), Metr. Dinds. iii 260.22 . in ceol sin ro chanad in c.¤ cíuil , Acall. 6594 . tri fir in chairchi . . . ┐ tri cairchi chiuil accu, 6591 - 2 . Perh. bell in: minn oir . . . co ndib benncobraib . . . co ndeilb uvuill . . . cona cairc[h]i ciuil . . . for inn cacha benncobair . . . binnḟoghroghudh na n-ubullcairc[h]i-sin, CCath. 4704 - 11 .

(b) Of music strain: coirchi ciuil atcluinim-si, Anecd. ii 23 § 4 `melodious music', Murphy Lyrics 44.4 . crét dorigne in c.¤ cíuil atchualamar ?, Acall. 7203 . cairci ceoilbind ciuil aga seinm `melodious strain', Stair Erc. 664 . a bhfeidhm féin ag coirche cheoil `strains of music', O'Hara 2610 . gan gháir fhleadh, gan choirche ciúil , L. Cl. A. B. 258.5 . ceol coirche, Éigse vii 85 § 3 . In descriptions of effect of music: rocachainté ceóil, corba chairchi ciúil uile in teg-sain rang with music, RC xiii 48.7 . co mbí an t-istad uile 'na cairchi ciuil , Marco P. 79 . seafnuis an saoi . . . gur vo coirche ciúil chodaltach an cathmhīlidh, Cath MT 122 `was sleepy from strains of music', note.

In mock n.pr.: Cóirche Ceoilbhinn . . . ollamh timpanachta na tromdhaimhe, Oss. v 98.18 .

(c) Of other sounds : cairchiu ┐ grindegur na saicidbolc 'the clatter and rattling of the quivers', CMT² 58 § 131 . cairchi ┐ grinnigur na saigedbolc ┐ na srian, Ériu v 238.96 . grith cairchi (? leg. grithcairchi) na cathbarr ica crothach, LL 32231 ( TTr. 1421 ).

1 cana

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cana or dil.ie/8119
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: -o, chano, chanand, cana, -ach, can, canu

n m. n s. also -o. Inflection varies. Orig. appar. nt, see GOI 208 , Wortk. 231 (`nomen agentis auf -ont' from `canaid'). Later (?) also n and d. Uninflected throughout SCano (see xviii and cf. g s. in chano , LB 241a65 = chanand, 66 ). cana f., g s. -ach, IGT Decl. § 193 . Perh. (orig. ?) two distinct words in senses (a) and (b).

(a) cub, whelp : cano .i. cuilen mic tíre, O'Dav. 529 .i. is uada ata fotha canainde, F. c.¤ .i. cuilén, O'Cl. caitin, cailech, c.¤ , Laws v 472.30 .i. cuilen cen gnim, z Comm. ina comrith canannaib .i. an tan bis a comrith cum na cuilén, O'Curry 2511 ( Eg. 88, 42(43)a ). ? Cf. li dathpill / doss duilleach / dealbh canann, IT iii 96 § 153 . Transfd. of youthful warrior: maicne Echoch . . . / im Niall, im chanaid Cairne `including Niall, Cairenn's wolfwhelp', RC xxiv 184.z = chanaind, LL 19432 . díon ó gCuinn . . . / ar chanaidh fhuinn Teamhra tá (: cabhair) `whelp', Magauran 1418 . do chanaidh Mhuaidhe 1495 .

(b) poet of fourth grade (`Sänger', Heldensage 69 ): se gradha filed . . . .i. fochloc, macfuir[m]ed, doss, c.¤, clí, anradh, ollamh, IT iii 97.1 . cuairt retha canat (canait, v.l.), 31.18 taken as g s. Wortk. 231 . secht ngraid filed . . . cano, cli, anruth, ollum, Laws v 26.25 . Ériu xiii 32.11 . Laws iv 356.y . can, O'Mulc. 537 . canu, Laws ii 154.1 Comm. ard conn canad dicain emain . . . is ard in codnetu dono canuit, O'Dav. 1073 . c.¤ nomen graid filed .i. caintid, ar nī a[i]rchan cōrus a cherdae fīad rīghaib, Corm. Y 276 . sesca la cana (i.e. stories), Laws i 44.z . ni hārmiter na fosceóil acht do chethri grádaib . . . .i. ollam, anrath, cli ┐ cano, LL 24920 . in cano .i. cethra ba a eniclann, Laws v 66.17 Comm. seissiur du canait . . . / for cach feacht feili feithith, Auraic. 2239 . secht seoid do canaid, Laws v 66.1 . sē bā do c[h]lī . . . / a ceathair don c[h]āemc[h]anaid (: anait), ZCP ix 172.3 . glamh in chanad arin mnai, glamh in chli arín mac, IT iii 91.15 . dlighidh c.¤ cethrama gaoise, Ériu xiii 22.24 .

(c) chanter (Sages, Saints and Storytellers 27 § 13 ) ainm in chanand, ZCP iii 224 § 12 .

As n.pr.: ráith Chanand, Metr. Dinds. iv 156.143 . Scéla Cano, Anecd. i 1 ff. = SCano. grad C. is Créidi, LL 17155 . iugulatio Conamlo mic Canonn, AU i 154.3 . da coin Canann ciúil , Metr. Dinds. iii 122.41 . Cano Gall, CRR 8 .

Compd.: a ulcha gaill in dedbudanaig . . . canadgrecanaigh, IT iii 98 § 160 ; 'screaming like a whelp!' EIS 149 § 40 .

Cf. ca(u)nna.

cenéle

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cenéle or dil.ie/8605

 

n io, n. (cenél)

(a) a c.¤ ndóine the human race : hoa rícc dia á cenele ṅdoine, Wb. 5c16 . rún ícce in cheneli dóine, 21c22 . ind huili ceneli doine `of the whole race of men', Ml. 81d1 . ic cenele doine `salvation of the human race', Blathm. 105 . anmain in cheneli doine, Ériu vii 152.19 .

(b) In tribal names: trī tellaige tra cenēle Binnig Glinni, ZCP viii 297.15 .

(c) sort, kind, type (freq. with prec. cach): filus trechenelæ martre, Thes. ii 246.27 (Cambr.). cech c.¤ cosnama `every kind of strife', Wb. 6b1 . do cach cenéolu aṅglaine . . . do cach ceneoli (sic) cloine, 3b24 - 5 . cenelae ciuil inso, Ml. 2b14 . forsa cenélae metir sin, Sg. 8a13 . cenelæ n-etha, 64a9 . ceinelae liac gl. abaddir, Études Celt. xi 117 . c.¤ n-imberta gaiscid, Fraech 215 . Of animals: cenelae nathrach gl. `nepai' pro `nepae', Sg. 114b4 . ainm do cheneliu éisc, Corm. Bodl. s.v. lethech .

ceól

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ceól or dil.ie/8701
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: ceul, cíuil, cíul

n o, n., later m. n s. ceul in Ml. Monosyllabic, g s. cíuil , d s. cíul, GOI 68 , 178 . IGT Decl. § 75 (g s. (?) céola unauthorized form, ex. 1578).

(a) musical instrument : cenelae ciuil gl. psalterium, Ml. 2b14 . gl. cyneram, 15 (see Thes. Suppl.). air cech ceneliu ciuil . . . dober som ani as chithara , 51c2 . ciuil són gl. huius . . . generis organa, 116c7 . is organum isainm cenelach do gach chiul, Hib. Min. 1.15 . bid psaltis anim ciuil , 2.35 instrumentum musicum, Gloss. ? a g-ciúil ┐ a g-codail-tighthe, ML 76.13 .

(b) music : inna aidmi in chiuil gl. instrumenta musica, Ml. 75c4 . 89a9 . á ceul ┐ in molad, 126c1 . comopair cach ciul (sic), Laws i 122.12 . inspirut naem dorinfidh . . . inciul . . . fil isintpsalm, Hib. Min. 6.174 . aceol (n s.), 1.24 . Imr. Brain 2 . ceol crott, LL 29055 ( Metr. Dinds. iv 368 ). oc cantain ciúil , PH 7700 . atá . . . / fréamh an cheóil a muigh Mhumhan of the art of music, Studies 1920, 98 § 8 .

(c) In pl. musical performances, compositions; tunes, songs: inna ceul nephgnatha gl. inusitata carmina, Ml. 115b2 . nó cantais céola bindi dó, Trip.² 1310 (ceula, v.l.). a ceóil binni, Hail Brigit 11 . binnithir ilcheólu in domain, LU 2034 ( FA 10 ). na ciuil arda .i. stocairecht no cornairecht loud kinds of music, Auraic. 1477 . a Ch. na cc.¤ , ACL iii 304.24 . ceóla crota ┐ cuisleanna ciúil , CF² 844 . ciuil ┐ adhmolta, Smaointe B. Chr. 5968 .

(d) Of birds, etc.: c.¤ enlathe muintire nime, LU 1993 ( FA 6 ). ceōla fer mbrundederg, K. and H. 24 (emended to c.¤ ferán, Murphy Lyrics 16 ). ? mar búdh inntsecd é o eón / se le ceol ag imdh[e]cht uaidh, Rel. Celt. ii 224.z . ceol in uirc, O'Curry 947 ( H 3.18, 411 ).

(e) Attrib. g s musical, sweet-sounding, melodious : ádhbha ciuil , Oss. iv 4.y . a nguth na n-aighthe ciuil musical instruments, Smaointe B. Chr. 5918 . adhbhar ceoil ar gcomhlabhra `sweet subjects', Content. xxv 1 . ardopetet . . . a n-áes ciúil , LU 8181 ( FB 13 ). iomdha aingel ciuil 'na port, ZCP x 24.4 . is eisrechta cerda c[i]uil, LL 386a21 . coiccetul ciuil , RC iii 347.1 (Aisl. Óeng. 14). ? ro tṡuidhimar ar colba chíuil issin tṡíd, Acall. 5058 ( 5527 , 5667 ). mo chruit ciuil , LL 18578 ( PRIA xix 548 § 24 ). cruit, is e aen dan ciuil . . . dliges sairi, Laws v 106.27 . cuislenna ciuil , Grail 5 . tri meic Dornmair Cheóil, LU 9084 ( FB 83 ). fer cíuil , MU² 197 .

(f) With defining gen.: labhra a hén . . . / ní beag do cheól chodolta lullaby, Studies 1920, 568 § 23 . ? darōnsat aingil 'ga thig / ceōla comarle don chomdid, ZCP viii 114.15 . céol side, LU 3802 ( SCC 37 ).

(g) Rarely as vn.: oc cíul doibh singing to them. RC vi 187.18 . ic ceol . . . reime, Grail 1453 .

Compds. With nouns: Cond dan ceóladart Codal (: Eoganacht) pleasant dwelling(?), LL 2845 ( Fen. 30.7 ). ceoilbinne a ngotha gnatha melodiousness (birds), Anecd. ii 23 § 5 . do cheólbhroghaibh, L. Cl. A. B. 11.22 . cét n-itte, cét ceolcliaraib (sic leg.) in musical companies (of birds), SR 1026 . leig don cheólchroidhe cuislinn `from music's heart', Studies 1919, 611 § 2 . le ceol-chruit, Keat. Poems 107 . cocur ceól-éicse, Metr. Dinds. iii 288.40 . is ciall dá gceolfhoghar `they mean by their melody', Aithd. D. 76.18 . ceoloide master musician, Ó Bruad. iii 190.5 . ó cheoloireacht Ghabhra, DDána 70.7 . le ceolṡeinm téadmhar, Keat. Poems 111 . tir . . . na ceolsuthaine, LB 256b73 marg. ceoltigi béndacha choir-houses(?), Trip.² 348 . With adjj.: dā ngadhraib croma ceólbinna, Fianaig. 64.9 . mor cet ceolcalad (sic leg.) loud-singing (of birds), SR 1027 . conacruittib céolgrinnib, 6670 . cliara caine cet ceolmaith (of birds), 1024 . C. na cruite ceól-míne, Metr. Dinds. iii 224.2 . With adjj. formed from nouns: gan cruitire ciūil-phortach, Acall. (Leabh. ó Laimhsgr.) iii 161.14 .

ciuil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ciuil or dil.ie/9271

 

(Lat. civilis). As subst. civil law : is in dá dligheadh .i. c.¤ ┐ cánóin, AFM v 1584.8 . mac leighintt oirdhearc a c.¤ ┐ i ccanóin, 1726.4 .

1 ciúil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ciúil or dil.ie/9272
Last Revised: 2019

 

n f. (ON kjóll or AS ceól, ciól, LEIA C-108-109 , FDG² 45 ). ship, barque : tri cíuíle . . . .i. .iii. barca, BB 209a9 = tri cuile, Todd Nenn. 76.1 . co tangadar . . . mic Milidh . . . co .xxx. ciuile ┐ co .xxx. lanamhna cíuíl , BB 206b14 . téit lucht tríchat ciúil co Bretnu, FDG² 678 . cud na ciuili (.i. cenn na luingsi) tar fraich Erb (.i. Alba), ZCP v 487 § 12 (B. na f.).

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