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2 abra

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 abra or dil.ie/78

 

ind a.¤ .i. dorcha, O'Dav. 27 glossing con-cleith egna in abhraib iomhuis, Ériu xiii 40.1 . amhra .i. dorcha, O'Cl. Cf. abar-.

ad-rig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-rig or dil.ie/549

 

Forms: adruig, adregar, adragar, -arragar, -áraghar, ad-riastar, adroeris, adracht, atrechtudur, arracht, -arrachta, árach, áirgid, áraigid

v (* ad-reg-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 592 ). Indic. pres. 3 s. adruig, O'D. 2222 (Nero A vii, 151a). Pass. sg. adregar, Laws iii 22.12 ; adragar, 14.11. -arragar, 2.2. -áraghar, Ériu xiii 13.23 . Subj. pres. pass. sg. ad-riastar, Laws iii 228.7 . ?Fut. 2 s. adroeris, Fél. Dec. 16 (see infra). Pret. and perf. 3 s. adracht, O'Curry 756 (H 3.18, 358a). 3 pl. atrechtudur, Laws i 22.z Comm. Pass. sg. ro arracht , Laws ii 78.25 Comm. Pass. pl. -arrachta, Laws iii 26.28 .

Vn. árach.

Later as simple vb. áirgid, áraigid.

(a) binds (in physical sense): acht bid o lias no airbe adriastar a laeg, Laws iii 228.7 . adragar don nomad cleith on dorus, O'Curry 564 (H 3.18, p. 281). in gaid airgither . . . don crand, O'D. 568 (H 3.17, col. 440). ma ro airge he . . . is cu ced cintach dligach hi . . . munar hargi . . . is cú céd cintach inndhlithach hi, O'Curry 2505 (Eg. 88, 41a). in ti ro airgestar he don crand crin cuachda, Laws iii 416.26 Comm. coro airgiset (araigset, choraigset v.l.) a n-eocho dergae do dorus in tige (with gloss .i. corcengailset,) BDD § 37 = áirgiset, BDD² 342 . Fig. airdugdu[i]r in tSencusa (i.e. Senchus Már) . . . atrechtudur suainemain filidechta fou who bound a thread of poetry round it, Laws i 22.z Comm. buaid find Ualentini / co cléir cháin atróiriss (atroiruis, atroris, atroirius, adroeris (.i. tarrais), atroeroiss, atreris, atroeris v.l.) `with a fair train thou wilt tie him' (but perh. difft. vb.), Fél. Dec. 16 .

(b) binds (legally): adragar cach fria techta .i. airgitir cach fria dliged fein everybody is bound to what is legally right for him, Laws iii 14.11, 17 Comm. laich ┐ laichcesa ┐ aes tuaithe adragar fri flaith, .i. airigther iat fo dliged na flatha, 14.28, 16.3 Comm. lanlog einiuch don fir isa faithe ma ro arracht [in athgabail] fris, ii 78.25 Comm. cid fris naragar aithgabail cuicthi in dul is gnathu do gres oldas cach athgabail, i 250.15 .i cid frisi nargither ana cuicti for in athgabail, 252.1 Comm. (cf. fris-áraig). ?cid i n-agar (aragar v.l.) breithemnus berla Feini . . . i fir ┐ dliged ┐ aignead, v 2.1 . dirithe cach dia flaith . . . do neoch adregar doib, iii 26.4 .i. do neoch airgither do dleisin doib, 8 Comm. adregar, inomblegar (sic leg.), fegar, asrenar cach ndliged do neimtib, iii 22.12 adregar .i. forin cintach, z Comm. arachta (?adracht) cach racht isa sund co n-arrachta in da recht, 26.28 . airgidh leat so ┐ ro bia so tar eisi, v 188.19 Comm. ar ni [a]ragar neach tar a cumang .i. uair noco n-oircther nech, 466. y , 470.22 Comm. co harragar a coraib bel? how are verbal contracts made legally binding? iii 2.2 .i. cindus airgithir, 5 Comm. óenchairde fon Eilg n-áragar one peace-treaty is established throughout Ireland, Ériu xiii 13.22 ( O'Dav. 768 ). is orrasin rosaraigh A. gan chlannugad fria a cheli those are the people whom A. bound not to intermarry, Fen. 390.8 . Perh. also: atomriug . . . niurt trén togairm trindóit, Thes. ii 354.24 (`I arise', see at-reig). Cf. ar-rig. See now Binchy Ériu xx 232 ff.

aidemm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aidemm or dil.ie/870

 

Forms: aidimm, idim, uidim, udaim, ughaim, audaim

n ā, f. Also aidimm i, m. See GOI p. 163 . Found in a great variety of forms: idim, uidim, udaim, ughaim, audaim etc.

The general sense is instrument, implement, tool used in a variety of applications, see Plummer, Ériu x 118 . aidmi oipretho pectho ref. to membris nostris, Wb. 3c14 . arnaib aidmib gl. pro instrumentís uindictæ, Ml. 54b4 . ind adim (in adim, MS.) gl. instrumentum est diuinae iustitiae, 49b7 (see GOI loc. cit.); ?read i n-adim as an instrument, Plummer MS. notes. Of musical instruments: alaaile aidme ceuldae, Ml. 51c5 . aláaili aidme in chiuil, 89a9 . it hæ didiu ind aidmi asmbeirsom .i. organa , 8 . inna aidmi (a pl.) gl. instrumenta musica, 75c3 . caraid som inna aidmi in chiuil amal carthar inducbál, 4 . anmand aidmi ciuil, Auraic. 1482 . Of writing-implements: Tadhcc . . . do sgrib an beccan sin . . . le drochaidhme, L. Chl. S. 74.5 . Of shaving-implements: aidhme in berrtha, Lism. L. 2630 . Of agricultural implements etc.: aidme claidi in talman, Trip.² 921 . cona aidhmibh iarnaidhe . . . an talam do tochailt dona haidmibh, BNnÉ 323 § 34 . cen chlaidbe adma fige `without rods or implements of weaving', Metr. Dinds. iv 332.30 . aidhme legha, H 3.18, 71c11 . Of travel-requisites: aidmi na conaire, TTr.² 590 . na huile aidhme ro báidhid innte ó chen, AFM iii 42.9 . aidmi gl. armamenta nauis ( Acts xxvii 19 ), Thes. i 498.27 (Ardm.) ra iarraidit as cech aird a h-adbara ┐ a áidimmi (of building a ship), LL 218b31 ( TTr. 122 ). Of sports-requisites: a aidhme ainesa, TBC St. 908 . aidme (aidhbena, v.l.) ainesa, TBC-LL¹ 2247 . Of weapons: fo aicni na haidhme dar feradh in fuiliuga[dh] according to the nature of the weapon with which the wound was inflicted, O'D. 874 ( H 3.17, c. 627 ). mas tre ésce ferfaithir na cneda, cibe aidim trisa ferthair, 2323 ( Rawl. B 506 fo. 34a ). cach udhim aidmillti, CCath. 4139 . dorónsat gaill aidhme iongnaithe damhainsi ealadhan ┐ inntlechta, AFM iii 280.w . focerdsi iolar ndaoine go hEirinn cona n-aidhmibh techta leo 'with the necessary arms', vi 2000.6 , cf. ataat a aidmi téchte lasin n-aidchi (leg. aithech? Notes), BDD² 1355 . aidhme toghla an chaisteoil do dhénamh leó, AFM vi 1980.6 . Of furniture, vessels, etc.: aidmib h-in airc . . . co h-ulib, LB 123a47 . do denamh na hairce gos na haidhmibh ros foghain di, Leb. Gab.(i) 8.20 . fa hiad aidhme a adhbhadh, DDána 83.13 . Esp. of ecclesiastical utensils: huanaib aidmib noibaib robatar hi tempul, Ml. 74a13 . aidme altoire, Laws i 232.4 = itmi a.¤ , O'Curry 809 ( H 3.18, p. 374a ). in altóir cona haidmib téchtaib, Ériu i 219 § 6 . ruc brait móir a cathraig ṅDé / ┐ romill a aidme, ZCP iii 19.19 . mess cet n-unga do aidmib aiffrinn Ceallaig, AU ii 98.5 . crosa ┐ polaire ┐ tiagha leabur ┐ aidhme eclusdai arcena, Lism. L. 968 . aidme coiserca .i. airc . . . in coimded ┐ na table cloche . . ., YBL 169a18 . ? a cethair soisgéla ana láim féin ┐ sceota na n-aidhbheagh ar muin cléirigh re chois, Imr. Brain 64.10 = sceota na n-aidhbéadh, 31 . Of plough-traces, harness: no ticcedh damh allaidh . . . gusan seisrigh no gusan ughaim ┐ do theigedh 'san ughaim uadha féin, ZCP x 4.12 . do chuir a nughaim na ccámhull íad in the camel's furniture, Gen. xxxi 34 . a srien ┐ a n-audhaim `of their bridles and harness', Fl. Earls 252.27 . Of the membrum virile: mas i a uidim ro benad asin duine, Laws iii 354.15 Comm.

Technical name for the ring or hoop with which the hurdles of an enclosure or pound were fastened together (see Plummer loc. cit.): udim .i. nomen dond rōi (roid, v.l.) triasa tēit in crand bīs forsin clēith ocon udmad, nō occa dūnad, Corm. Y 1269 `u. is the name of the great ring through which passes the stake on the hurdle, fastening it with an u. or closing it', Plummer. udhma .i. uaim arin fidh .i. . . . in idh bec bis a[c] comat in cumainn, O'Dav. 1615 . ar cul a comla . . . .i. ni fuaslaicther de dogrés .i. aidhme fonaisctear and, O'D. 1182 (H. 2.15 p. 45 (69)b) `behind the door . . . i.e. it is never released thence, that is, `aidhme' are fastened on it', Plummer (see udmad). Similarly in phrase a.¤ corthi: udhaim corthi .i. idh uaim .i. uaim in fedha, O'D. 1208 (H. 2.15, 83a). audoim .i. roi[d] gait, ut dicitur audaim corthe, O'Curry 124 ( H 3.18, p. 75 ). aí daim choirthe (audaim coirthi, audhoim corthi, audim corad v.l.), IT iii 36 § 18 ; 37.2 , 6 , 8 .

In general sense of means, cause: aidim duinibaidh, RC xxxvii 347 § 42 . Cf. aidme.

ainbrethach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainbrethach or dil.ie/1180

 

adj o, ā (ainbreith) giving wrong judgement, unjust, injudicious: aithre Aithirne amirgen anbretach Tadg . . ., O'D. 2218 (Nero A vii, 149b) = anbretha thaidg, O'Dav. 1540 . t'impirdacht antigernamhuil anbreathach (to Lucifer), De Contemptu 1945 . ná gnáthaigh beith anbrethach, O'Gr. Cat. 132.38 . a daine olca ainbreathacha, Laud. 610 f. 7c (Plummer MS. notes). ollamh ainbhreathach `exacting poet', TD 33.17 . le cleith n-ainbhreathaigh nUmhuill `imperious hero' (of William Burke), 17.38 .

airlabrae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airlabrae or dil.ie/2160

 

adj , f. Vn. of ar-labrathar.

(a) right to speak, act of speaking on behalf of another: ar is lour in fer diairlabri `to speak for her', Wb. 28b15 . briathar nDé dom erlabrai to speak for me, Trip.² 3184 ( Thes. ii 356 ). erlabra dont ṡinsiur . . . ┐ acaldaim, 1486 . tacra im leas mna nad eta urlabra i.e. who has nobody to plead for her(?), Laws v 252.10 . ni tabarta urlabra acht do triur i n-Erinn fer comgne etc., i 18.6 Comm. tus n-urlabra, Cóic Con. 45 § 72 ( Laws ii 280 ) (`den Vortritt der Rede (das erste Wort)'). oc erlabrai Ulad, MU² 985 . fear ḟriotáilte ┐ urlabhra, PCT 725 .

(b) speech, eloquence in general: is erlabra dímaín a ndogníd what you say is vain, LL 14647 . atgeoinsium for erlabrai ind fir combo druth, LU 5874 (TBC). muna tucad aithne ara nurrlabraib unless he recognised them by their voices, CF 835 . iter gaís ┐ álaig ┐ errlabrae, BDD² 1076 . ní éistend-som ra hirlabra neich, MU² 716 . airlabra airard admall aci, 750 . earlaphra caoin do denam to make fair speeches. TFrag. 118.18 . co n-indised som do M. fó cleith ┐ fo irlabra secretly(?), LB 122a38 (fo leith only, Celtica iv 34.4620 ). fóirfidh t'urlabhra mh'imshníomh, DDána 67.42 . Extended applications: inis lán d'énaib . . . oc núal ┐ erlapra go mór, RC ix 492 n. 10 . is binn orlabhra a haibhniodh, Studies 1920, 568 § 22 .

(c) act or faculty of speech: tenga cu nurlabra, Laws iii 348.12 Comm. dobered forminde fora erlabrai she would begin to stammer, LU 3259 ( SCC § 5 ). dimbúaid n-erlabra, BColm. 96.24 . bacaidh si in urrlabra, Rosa Angl. 246.6 . easbaidh urlabhra, TSh. 1753 . Concr. tongue: rind aurlabra cech ḟir . . . aurlabrai na cethrae, LU 3231 ( SCC § 2 ).

airleng

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airleng or dil.ie/2202

 

n (cf. lingid) hurdle, barrier. In technical legal sense bar to an action at law, `a delict which first must be atoned for before one obtains justice', Hessen Lex. atáit secht nairlenga ar iadadh dlighidh la féine .i. atáit secht nuasal-linged ar bélaibh neich co na roich tobach ruc .i. ó rucadh atá éric a inndlighidh; no amhail firlinges a.¤ for cro na muice, uair a.¤ ainm do cleith craí na muice. Is amlaidh sin fírlinges in tinndligthech forin ae, forin caingin, O'D. 1701 (H. 2.12, no. 8 p. 2) = atait secht n-airlenga ariadhat dlighedh etc., 685 ( H 3.17, c. 502 ) = aurleng .i. ainm cléith crai muice, ut est, atatt secht nairlenga ariadhat dliged .i. atatt a sechta uasal-lingitt ar beolaib neich cona roich tobach secha, O'Dav. 125 . In general sense: a n-imdín ar na hairlengaib ármuigi sudden attacks(?), MR 316.20 (`hidden dangers').

? ar-ceil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? ar-ceil or dil.ie/3997

 

v (see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 482 ): bidh sáor ar chios gach cionaidh . . . nad aircheil fria gnúisi which he does not hide(?), Ériu xiii 30.18 ( arm aracleith tuatha, 15 ). ar cleith doclast a Eomuin (of Cú Ch.'s death), LL 14186 . ? arclith, LU 6325 . Cf. ar-cela.

1 ar-cleith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ar-cleith or dil.ie/4019

 

x see ar-ceil.

2 ar-cleith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 ar-cleith or dil.ie/4020

 

x see ar-clich.

atnúarat

Cite this: eDIL s.v. atnúarat or dil.ie/4900

 

v (*in-uss-reth- with inf. pron. 3 s. m. See Bergin, Ériu xii 229 , Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 677 ) runs at him, attacks him: atnuarat Ferches di gai mór cor-róemid a druim triit, RC xiii 436.3 ( LL 288a39 ). atnūara[t] C. cusann gāi ōsin scīath currobris a clēith nasnai, TBC-I¹ 2692 . Pret. 3 s. atnuarith side din tsleig conluith triit, Ériu iii 136.10 = atróeraid Oengus [d]in tsleig triit, Cymmr. xiv 104 § 2 = aduair sighéin dan sleig, Uí Maine (Facs.) 91a11 .

augra

Cite this: eDIL s.v. augra or dil.ie/4988

 

Forms: ogra, ugra, augrai, hugra

n (-ae). Later ogra, ugra. Orig. gender and infl. doubtful. n s. ind a.¤ , O'Mulc. 67 . g s. ind augrai , BDD² 236 , na hugra , Aen. 1718 .

(a) strife, contention, quarrel: is loch cechonrualat augre n-aitherach, ZCP viii 308.23 . ná derntar isin domnach ceist ná caingen . . . ná augrai, Ériu ii 200 § 17 . ní ahurrais a.¤ do dá moghud, BDD² 181 . ri Erenn co fresabra .i. co nudhra fris opposition, O'Curry 1260 (H 3.18, 509). fogní duthain cech ugra / mar eó suthain sen-Mugna, Metr. Dinds. iii 144.15 . ughra gacha h-arechta, Cog. 96.26 .

In proverbs, etc.: trí seithir ferge: écnach, a.¤, doithnges, Triads 213 . atcota aichne a.¤ , Anecd. iii 11.13 . rúnaid cách co ugra, Tec. Corm. § 31.16 . nibat cond ugrai, LL 345a48 . tossach augrai athchosan, b18 ( Anecd. iii 16.2 ). Women are said to be: ecundla airechta, airrechtga ugrai, Tec. Corm. § 16.20 . tuillmecha augrai, 51 .

(b) battle, fight, conflict: fochen Labraid Luáth lam ar claideb a.¤ , LU 3397 ( SCC 18 ). Síl Conaill Glaiss / meic Éich ba ercdaid ogra, LL 16143 . Aodh net nat imcaibh oghru, AFM i 408.3 . co nach berdis a bhrogha d'ughra na d'foireicen uad, MR 148.11 . ughra .i. deabhaidh no cathughadh, O'Cl.

In phrases with other words: da cleith ugra (of two heroes), Cog. 56.24 . ba h-athchungid ugra insaigid fair asking for trouble, LL 225b8 ( TTr. 609 ). cuinchid ugra, BB 419b9 . do chuingidh ughra ┐ deabhtha, AFM vi 2214.11 . is cur lam for ugra sain (of a warrior), TBC-LL¹ 5276 . iomaireacc nucchra, AFM ii 962.2 . nirbo hobadh a.¤ . . . in ceim sin, CCath. 4900 . do bherat saigin n-ughra for aroile gan nach ndánatus deabhtha `skirmishes', AFM vi 2212.6 .

bibdu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bibdu or dil.ie/5851

 

Forms: bidba, bibdid, bibdad, bidhba, bidbad

n d, m. later bidba. See Pokorny, KZ xlvii 163 , GOI § 203 , 323.4 . n s. b.¤ , Wb. 6c21 . n pl. bibdid, 2a14 , Ml. 45b10 , 62d5 , 143b1 (see note), bibdaid, 114d4 . g pl. bibdad, Ml. 49d12 . bidhba m., IGT Decl. § 21.

(a) one who is guilty, liable, condemned; a criminal, culprit: gl. rei Ml. 70a3 , 114d4 . gl. obnoxii, 45b10 . 143b1 . bidba graece bitheumatur (sic, for bi-θάνατος , Corm. Tr. 23 ) .i. bis mortuus. adrolli a bás fo dí, Thr. Ir. Gl. 8. reus cach bidba, Metr. Gl. 4.25 . `ciol' bás is `biodhbha' leatrom, 28.43 . dede hi roptar bibdaid som .i. in dermut gnimae ṅdæ . . . gl. dupliciter rei, Ml. 124c2 . cach bidba ina chinta do neoch no ḟuasnabad cáin, Thr. Ir. Gl. 30 s. Mogh Eime . genti bidbaid bertar (ber(r)thair, v.ll.) pagans (who are) guilty (?), Fél. Prol. 175. in b.¤ ┐ in cintach na chinaid ┐ logad da anmain `the guilty and the criminal for his crime [to be forfeit],' RC vi 165.7 ( LU 9783 ). bidbaid duit-siu sind uile we are all responsible for you, TFerbe 219 . sreth a salmaib . . . / do escaini, mod cen cleith, / ond eclais for cach mbidbaid, Hib. Min. 45.7 . biodhbha do leanb Moire mé, DDána 31.26 . In legal contexts: bidbu cach leices bidbudu he who lets criminals escape is himself a culprit, Laws i 12.20 . mani eirre bidbaid . . asren fine a llānfīachu īar mēitt a chinad, Cáin Ad. 47. fo cerdcar crann forro . . . dus cia dib do toth bidba do tabairt `the guilty party' (viz. a savage animal), Laws iv 102.16 Comm.

With follg. gen. of law, rule, etc.: bídba thimmna Dé `guilty of breaking God's commandment', Trip. 396. 3 . b.¤ rechta, SR 6861. comadh bidhbu in ríghrechta Romhánaigh. . . . Césair that C. was guilty as regards the Roman state, CCath. 224.

In phr. b.¤ báis (cf. Lat. mortis reus) (one) condemned to death, deserving of death: ar ba b.¤ leusom intí nád imdibthe, Wb. 1d15 . atbert robo bidba b.¤ di nach eperad fris, Thr. Ir. Gl. 28. is bidba b.¤ do Dīa ┐ do dōinib, Ériu i 218 § 3. bidhbha bais ┐ . . . fogarthach a hErinn, IT iii 198 § 55. fir bidhbuidh báis `men deserving of death', RC x 90.14 (ICM). bar bibdaith bāis ind you are doomed to death for him (?), ZCP viii 311.5 . is bídbha dingmhala bais tú (said by the Jews to our Lord), Smaointe B. Chr. 3668. Note also: ba bidba troch co trom-neim `a culprit fated to evil doom', Metr. Dinds. iii 172.14 .

(b) In Laws also of opposing party in action, claim, etc. defendant (opp. to feichem toicheda plaintiff): indligidh dono don bidbaidh a elodsum im dlighedh `defendant', Laws i 114.20 Comm. da-rad in fechem toicheda fein fuilled cairde do'n bidbaidh, v 378.z Comm. ce beth cin co beth caemachta imgabala ag bidbuid, 150.8 , 9 Comm. mani uil i seilb in bidbad anarra is deisse re feichemuin toicheda, 420.29 Comm.

(c) enemy: atcosnatis bidbad būaid `victory over their foes', Fianaig. 10.19 . claidbiu balcbéimnechu fri bibdadu, LU 7735 (= BDD² 1270 ). re hilar a bidbad re himad a námat, LU 6281 ( TBC-I¹ 1779 ). bidba na crich ba nessom duit oc breith do ṡlait, TBC-LL¹ 9. duni is mó is bídba d'Ultaib, CRR 18 , cu roissem ár ṁbidbadaib, MU² 322. ri cech ṁbidbaid bás `to every foe death', PRIA xix 552 § 44 ( LL 18656 ). bidbaid bunaid hereditary foes, Acall. 6704. Troiandaig sindi . . . ┐ bidbuidh duind Laitinda, Aen. 1841. atáid trí bidhbaid am bun, IGT Decl. ex. 785. (to death) a bhíobha an chine dhaonna, Measgra D. 66.20 . fá biodhbha biothfhoghlach ar Ulltachaibh é feadh a ré, Keat. ii 3188.

Legal: teac bidbad eli `the house of another enemy' (of the injured man, excluded from the rule of othrus), BCrólige 23 Comm.

Attrib. g s.: dos-ratais i cró bidbad iat in an enemy pen (sc. the iron house), MU² 884. See fópairt.

1 bráen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bráen or dil.ie/6469
Last Revised: 2019

 

n o, m. rain, moisture, drop(s): braen aimsire gl. imber, Ir. Gl. 1048. amal bróin nailgen sniges hi cnai gl. pluia (sic) `as the gentle rain that droppeth into a fleece', Ml. 89c15 . ar bíaid in teni sin amal bróen n-áilgen dona náemaib, LU 2505. biaid . . . amal braen cennais n-áilgen do na noemaib it (sc. the fire of doom) shall be like gentle pleasant rain, PH 3620. bróen ┐ fliuchaidatu, Thes. ii 12.30 (BCr.). fo bróenaib (: nóebaib) `in showers' (of tears), Fél. Ep. 346. co Ross ṁBrocc na mbróen, LL 38026. drúcht is b.¤ is céo (contrast to flood, wind and snow), Airne F. 375 ; `dew and light rain (drizzle) and mist´ Ériu xxix 42 . dech do ṡínaib ceo / ferr a brathair bróen shower , LL 345a15 . braen fleochaid ` rain-water ', RC xxvi 164 § 54. ro ceilsit na neoill a mbraonu, Stair Erc. 436. braon trom, O'Hara 4053. gort i mbráen mbelltaini in a May shower, ACL iii 238 § 5 ( Aithd. D. 80 ). braen in feir dew, ZCP xxx 143.14 . amhail bráon buicéid = drop, Isaiah xl 15.

Various extended applications: atlochor braen batis báin water of fair baptism, LU 2998 = SG 235.16 . cuisni bráoin, IGT Decl. ex. 26. na braoin mheala, TSh. 590. (of a magic potion?) atṡníasat a neimhe ┐ a mbraona for cúlu may they (sc. wizards, etc.) pour away (?) their poisons and drops, ZCP vi 258.22 . brōen fīona fīradbail (a saint), ACL iii 219. 26 . braín na fola ferais uadhaib the drops of blood, Snedg. u. Mac R 11.3 . bid imda bróen dérg tairse innocht ar dorus brudne, LU 7340 (BDD). gae . . . co mbráen fola dara faebor, LL 11876 (TBC). comdar lána na linde / do bráinib (bruindib, v.l.) a n-inchinde `of spatterings of their brains' (= do maithlaib uilc inchinni, LL 27217 ), Metr. Dinds. iii 82.4 . dá-leichthi aen-bráen de (i.e. do bréntus ifrinn) fán doman one whiff, RC xxiv 381.29 . Fig. o braen a forcetuil `by the rain of his teaching', Lism. L. 2460. o blaisfidid don braen do neoch dober slainti doib, YBL 151b10 . braon do rath Dé dá díon, Dán Dé ii 16 . braon aithrighe, DDána 39.16 . F. . . . firfes bróen fingaile for a brāithri, ZCP xii 235 § 52. braon báis ┐ beag-shaoghail a draught of death, ITS i 190.10 .

Compds. With nouns: in bile os braonaibnibh, ZCP viii 203.17 . cnuic toghta braoinindsi Bregh of the dewy isle of B., ZCP ii 334.6 . ar bhraoinlios Bhreagh `dewy rampart', TD 7.29 . fo braenbuada, iar mbraenchath victorious in the shedding of their blood, SR 442. fer borb bertas bróengó, MU² 486. With adj.: brōenderc (brónderg, pronderg, v.ll.) ` blood-reddened ' (n. 39), Sc.M² 21h . With adj. derived from noun: co cléith brogtha bróen-uillig (mbraonbhuilligh, v.l.) `of dripping edges', Metr. Dinds. iii 234.10 .

bris(s)id

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bris(s)id or dil.ie/6848
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: brisde, bris(s)ed

v (bres ? See Thurneysen, Keltoromanisches 94 s.v. (Fr.) briser; Pisani, Jn. Celt. Stud. i 50 - 51 ; cf. also Études Celt. xxv 129 ).

I Trans.

(a) breaks, smashes; destroys; gl. benaid, 1 bronnaid, con-boing: rosbriss no roben (gl. rosṁbī), Thes. ii 346.31 (Hy. v Comm.). ronbris, ronbrúi, O'Mulc. 830 g. na robris gl. nádchombaig, Thes. ii 346.30 (Hy. v Comm.). brisi . . . cia robria ord for inneoin `breaks', O'Dav. 300. brisid scíathu lenna laech, LU 3632 ( SCC 31 ). brisus (brissis, LU) Fergus . . . .iiii. carptiu dēac, TBC-I¹ 325. ro brisiset cleith di clethaib ind rightige, LU 8371 ( FB 25 ). brister in carbat, Laws iii 264.23 Comm. gur mhionuigh ┐ gur bhris iad, TSh. 821. anbthine . . co ro-bris a longa ` wrecked ', PH 7040. Of bread breaks (into parts); cuts up: tuccad (bairgen eorna) . . ., ┐ ro-bris, PH 1771. Of inflicting physical injury breaks, fractures; injures (bones, limbs, etc.): brí ([ro] bri[athar], ed.) .i. brisster . . . diablad n-aithgina neich ro briathar .i. diablad sin boin bristi ┐ bó laisin mboin slain, O'Dav. 287. ro brise Cochlán gilla Léith, Ériu xiii 66 § 61. Cf. co ro brised leo C. gilla L., Dinds. 126. go róebriss (curro bris, Stowe 5021) cnáim i n-a chind, TBC-LL¹ 6138. brister coss erēne circe, Fing. R. 310. tothfond foro co mbrister `until they (sc. horses) are injured', Laws i 164.14 Comm. In more abstr. sense. na briss . . . mo chride, LMU 18 ( IT i 81.37 ). ro brissed (rus-bris, v.l.) co mór `he was greatly broken', RC xiii 60 § 55. nīr bris a hōigi in t-Ardrī did not violate, ACL iii 244 § 10. In poetry, causes imperfect rhyme (by not employing corresponding consonant classes): snaidhm gaídhilge agus a glas | créad bhriseas 'what causes the binding of pronunciation and its clasp to be imperfect', Celtica xxvii 58 § 1 . bristear aghaidh i n-aghaidh | comhardadh ag cosanaibh 'consonants corresponding to one another make rhyme imperfect', Celtica xxvii 58 § 2 . See also comardad (c).

(b) With following prepp. etc. cid nodmbrisi in fer so a bóairechas? what deprives this man of, etc. (?), Críth G. 145. brissis gésca din chrund, Fraech 196 .

(c) defeats, puts to rout; overthrows; gl. maidid, sraínid. Absol. and with FOR (AR) usu. with obj. cath, irgal, etc. Also with DI: muna má .i. muna mbrisi, O'Cl. rosroena .i. robrisse gl. roróina ( reunn cathu, 18 ), Thes. ii 325.36 (Hy. iv Comm.). ? brissid úath n-adarccna (rhet.), LU 8354 ( FB 24 ). brisid Cūc[h]ulaind tricha lōech dīb cosin tailm C. overthrows (injures ?) thirty . . . with the sling, TBC-I¹ 1075. brississ tola he (sc. C. Cille) subdued desires, ZCP viii 197.5 . brister immairecc fairsom gl. conterat, Wb. 7c4 . cach immarec . . . is M.F. nod ṁbrissed, Fing. R. 61. ro brisius aurgala / for triunu na túath, LU 9349. noí catha ro brissitár rempu, 2797 . oenḟer ro bris for cach, Sc.M² R 8 . Note also: an tí dobrisfeadh uirre gan an chain ┐ an cadhus sin do dhíol `whosoever should refuse to pay (her) that tax', etc. Ériu v 94.17 . brisis Mogh Nuadhat de `M.N. defeated him', Keat. ii 4077. brisfighear díot fá uile ríoghachtaibh an dómhain (= dispergaris per omnia regna, Deuteronomy xxviii 25 ), Eochairsg. 80.5 . Fig. go mbrisfimni (mbrisimni, MS.) . . . / don ríoghraidh ghil `we (sc. poets, with our . . . praise) shall put to rout', Ériu ix 164 § 14.

(d) Of an oath, pledge, justice, etc. breaks, violates, transgresses with prep. FOR (AR) prec. indirect obj.: dia brisistair na reanna aicsidi ┐ nemaicsidi fair when he violated the stars, visible and invisible, Dinds. 81. bristir fír fer for Coin C., LU 5839 (TBC). ni ba me brisfes firindi fair lit. (that will) infringe justice on (him), Aen. 2744. do briseadh cunnradh ar cách, DDána 21.1 . Conn . . . nár bris bóid, IGT Decl. ex. 680.

II Intrans.

(a) breaks; breaks down, fails, comes to an end: ni robris (= non est fractum), Lat. Lives 80 § 73. ge nār brissetair leaca oigridh na prímhabhann, Fl. Earls 64.14 . do bhás uí Ch. . . . / druim ratha Banbha do bhris, SGS iv 66 § 27. brisfidh do dhearc your sight will fail (in death), DDána 43.8 . With AR: brisidh uirre re lo conoidhche it opens (of an abscess), 23 K 42, 434.18 . fa dheoigh air ass iad (sc. bronnta) do bhris `the gifts . . . failed him at last', O'Hara 950. With amach: brisfid do chantaóirighe amach le fíon nuadh = thy presses shall burst out, Proverbs iii 10. no gur bhris síad amach a harm an Priustúnidh `they broke away from', Rel. Celt. ii 206.6 .

Part. dar bernadaib brisde , CCath. 4104. for comardad briste imperfect rhyme see Murphy Metrics 1 , Ir. Syll. Poetry 8 - 9. bristi, na bi a n-aic[d]e ` broken (silver), not made up', Laws v 396.19 Comm.

Vn. bris(s)ed.

See bristid.

brogad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. brogad or dil.ie/6924

 

[u, m.] vn. of brogaid. an broghadh (ón bisich), IGT Verbs § 115. act of increasing, extending, intensifying, urging, etc.: brogadh .i. biseach, O'Cl. sé coicc bliadna cen brocchadh, glossed: cen médughadh, no cen biseach, Leb. Gab.(i) 94.13 . tug broghudh ar blath mBanbha, Magauran 2884 . rug an tír broghadh fa B., IGT Verbs 984. slat óicfir dobí ar brogadh `a young scion who was prosperous', Ériu ii 164.15 . ar (ara, v.ll.) b.¤ (: togad ; broad, v.l.) forsin turus `for advancing on the journey', Metr. Dinds. iii 236.24 . oc b.¤ ind arad oc taibleth na slóg urging on (?), LU 6473 (TBC). ac broghadh na mbeimenn `driving home . . . blows', Celt. Rev. ii 312.18 . gor-gob brig ┐ b.¤ ┐ borrfad . . . na Grecu ` vehemence ', TTebe 1813 . co n-dechaid in daiger dibraicthe, dar b.¤ a bibaisci `passed off the side of its boss' (of the flight of a javelin), MR 152.18 . co cléith brogtha bróen-uillig `powerful', Metr. Dinds. iii 234.10 .

With AR: fonn formaid / do bhroghadh oraibh re na árdtréithibh `wish to impress you', Ó Bruad. iii 144.4 .

buinne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. buinne or dil.ie/7399

 

n io

(a) torrent, flood; stream, current, wave: geinidh buindi asa talmain a gush (of water), BB 266b39 . geisid cuan / ós buindi rúad Rinn dá bharc, Acall. 843. co n-erracht in muir . . . ina mbunnib gelglassa, LL 31803 `waves', TTr. 992. atraachtatar Lagin assa clíabaib amal b.¤ dilend do aillib `like a flood-stream bursting from cliffs', RC xiii 90 § 111. amal tic banni dían dílend a hucht airṡlébi, LL 32777 ( TTr. 1988 ). ? robo bainne do chēill chaimm / badud Nēill Caille hi Calainn, Rawl. 163a25 . dona buinnibh garba `to the . . . rough torrents', CCath. 3928. buinnedha . . . búaidherta na Bóinne `troubled waters', Fianaig. 90.21 . b.¤ síothbhán (River Erne), DDána 66.6 . séis mb.¤ `the note of the stream', Studies 1921, 75 § 14 . a bhuinneadha = torrentes eius, TSh. 6723. b.¤ ceart gaoithe tríthi rush of wind, Measgra D. 48.43 .

Further applications: saobhshruth b.¤ an bháis, DDána 30.25 . b.¤ milis a táobh tolcha `sweet stream gushing from, etc.' (to an archbishop) Studies 1919, 75 § 18 . Of feeling, emotion: ro lingeastair b.¤ rod reachtmhar san rígh-mhileadh `wave of fury', ML 134.12 . Of blood: buinni fola, O'Dav. 272. in b.¤ díriuch dondḟala, LU 6474 (TBC). na srotha fola . . . i n-a mbuinnedhaibh borb-ruadha, ML² 1737. b.¤ chorcra na gcneadh robhras `the . . . wounds' red stream', PBocht 3.26 . Of fire, flames: ina bh.¤ teintighe (of warrior), Feis Tighe Chonáin 1828. b.¤ luath lasrach mire, DDána 80.12 . Med. diarrhœa, flux; pus: b.¤ `corruption flowing from an ulcer', P. O'C. cona buindib brócoti asa īarcómlaid `flux of bragget', MacCongl. 89.18 . Of persons, etc., rapo doss díten ┐ rapa b.¤ bratha . . . leo C. scion, CRR 36. b.¤ mér-gheal, MR 230.4 . bunneda borbba barbardai, LL 32427 `boorish barbarous imps', TTr. 1622. mo bh.¤ bras (praising a horse), Measgra D. 15.28 . b.¤ fuar is tana taobh (a sword), 14.20 . 'na b.¤ . . . crúadha, Duan. F. ii 10 § 33. a bhuinge `youthful Chief' (Christ), Ó Bruad. ii 36.9 .

(b) sprig, sprout, stalk; sapling, etc.: b.¤ (glossed gas) losa `a head of leeks', Rule of Tallaght 3. ceitri buindi ḟir-cainde cacha bairgine `four stalks of . . . garlic', Laws v 40.12 . tópacht . . . cétbunni darach d'oenbéim bun barr, LL 8021 `sapling', TBC-LL² 457 . nós gach bh.¤ dhosaigh dhíbh, DDána 41.25 . bith a mblath ar gach mbuinde ` branch ', BCC 355 (384.22). ceithre tricht (= trichait ?) binni clis hi cechtar a dō dhōit (of Cú Ch.) `four thirties of feat-poles (?)' (Faraday), TBC-I¹ 3396. caoin gach b.¤ dhuinn darach ` beam ', Ériu v 62.3 . spout, pipe: buindi óir fuirri thos (meinistir), Trip.² 940 `pipe', Trip. 86.4 `fistula through which the sacramental wine was sucked', Contribb. 291 , cf. Du Cange 1 fistula . Of parts of body tibia: buinde a sliasta `his shinbone', Dinds. 93 ; see also tregabail . Of musical instrument , gl. tibia ` pipe ,' Wb. 12c41 . gl. cicuta, Thes. ii 46.24 , 361.24 . a ngaibther isind buinniu no croit, Wb. 12c44 . See guthbuinde trumpet.

(c) circlet, (arm-)ring, bracelet: b.¤ óir immá moing `a circlet of gold round her hair', RC ix 490.3 (ICM). rat fia lúach mór ṁb. (: chaille, chlainne) `of . . . bracelets', TBC-LL² 2638 . a seacht mbuindi oir ima doid no ma meor, Manners and Customs iii 177 n. 255 . See 1 doé. ba de a bh.¤ níadh ┐ a dhí ḟalaigh `his champion's bracelet', Cóir Anm. 220 (378.17) . buindi niad no bidh ina laimh cacha flatha ind Erend d'or dearg, Leb. Cert. 6.16 .

(d) Of building structure, wattle, wickerwork, etc.: ciumhais, oire, imeal, b.¤ , Eg. Gl. 120. tuargabad a bh.¤ dídin for dhamhliag mor Ard Macha iarná lánegar do ṡlinntech `protecting ridge', ALC i 118.9 . ré briseadh an bh.¤ bheannuighthe .i. ghrás nDé, is cleith cheangail ar charcair an chrábhaidh, TSh. 1470. an b.¤ cúil . . . de phréimh na ríogh (of a chief), O'Rah. 58.12. Of vessel, receptacle: clibanus . . . .i. uassa no būnni (MS), Thes. ii 38.13 . See 1 lann (e). b.¤ bróige ` welt' (of shoe), O'Gr. Cat. 603.6. seól a luingi mar do láisd / do ḟáisg a mbeól b.¤ an béisd rigging (?), IGT Decl. ex. 1228.

In n. loc. Hog. Onom. B. in Beithe

2 calad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 calad or dil.ie/8030
Last Revised: 2013

 

c.¤ .i. crúaidh, O'Dav. 431 , Metr. Gl. D 13 , O'Curry 963 (H 3.18 p. 415), Lec. Gl. 110 , O'Cl. caladh .i. gand, Stowe Gl. 257 .

adj I o, ā

(a) Of persons hard, stingy : nídat calaid (of saints), Fél. Jan. 17 . nīrbu ch.¤ cessachtach `not hard, penurious', Thes. ii 328.2 ( Hy. v 8 ) glossed nir bu gand. cailte dígbála grudging of expenditure (of women), Tec. Corm. 16.12 . ana la fer c.¤ (one of three wealths in barren places), Triads 147 . C. ch.¤ ¤ the strong, Metr. Dinds. iii 350.41 .

(b) Other applications: i croich calaid, Fél. Aug. 17 . iar cath ch.¤ , Fél. Apr. 2 . paiss Panchrati c.¤ , Fél. Dec. 1 . ba c.¤ a chlaideb, LL 30731 . fóa cruib calath (of horse), LU 8662 ( FB 49 ). in chéis ch.¤ `sturdy sow', Metr. Dinds. iii 438.19 . la Conaind co curp ch.¤ , LL 732 . in temen, in chiar chálad (: alad) (of wind), SR 62 . mor cet ceol c.¤ cen cleith precise(?) music, 1027 . a chursoin na ndūar gcaladh (.i. a sáoi na focal crūaidh), ZCP v 488 § 6 (B. na f.).

Adv. ra gæt Mend féin c.¤ (co mór, St.), TBC-LL¹ 4535 ( TBC-I¹ 2904 ). eirig a bean, fég c.¤ (: marad) `go woman, look close', Ériu v 38.17 . In chevilles: réim c.¤ , Fél. Prol. 107 . seol c.¤ `hard course', 43 .

II As subst. o: dar cend calaid cech céte `despite the hardship of every path', Metr. Dinds. iii 72.79 . issin ch.¤ irrabe strait(?), TBC-LL¹ 4457 (`Bucht'). ni beirend a caladh `he does not bear its severity', Laws ii 256.23 Comm. innecht a mathair cen ch.¤ (quasi-adj. phrase), LL 16973 . Gramm. fe a airchill calaid `theft of a hard' (i.e. consonant; of noun fer), Auraic. 1804 . be a airichil calaid (of noun ben), 1850 . Prov. coibsech cach c.¤ , ACL iii 229.116 . See 1 calad.

Compds. With nouns: garbscíath . . . co m-bil chaladargit, TBC-LL¹ 4602 . ¤bolg, name of special sword (We. Caledfwlch. See O'Rahilly, EIHM 68 - 71 ): mochen c. claideb Leite, TBC-LL¹ 5960 ( caladcolc, TBC-I¹ 3563 ). tuc F. a da láim ar in c., 6004 . In general sense: ratūaslaicit . . . assa n-intigib caladbuilc chrúadgera death-dealing swords, LL 32518 ( TTr. 1716 ). trí glanscéith . . . co caladbúaltib finnuma, MU² 609 `hard boss', Gloss. dubscíath co calathbúali findruni fair, LU 6297 (TBC). C. caladchnes (cadat cnes, v.l.) calma, Metr. Dinds. iii 88 6 . ¤cholc, see -caladbolg, -gleo. In name of episode of Táin: Caladgleo Cethirn, TBC-LL¹ 4457 . tar caladhlaighnibh, IT iii 91.y (Laigin). do chlar caladhmhide, 22 (Mide). ceoil in caladhmhuighe, ib. dolu[i]d do cuirr Calathnit `Strong Nest' (n. loc.), Otia ii 82 § 6 . cath i Calitros, RC xvii 205.3 (Tig.). damdabach na caladsciath, TTr.² 892 .

With adjj. (incl. adjj. formed from nouns): sciath caladbuailtech, Acall. 5893 v.l. nibu cala[d-]ceimneach (of a horse), O'Curry 1863 ( 23 P 3, 20a ). batar cruindbega caladgela na dí glún white and firm, BDD² 30 . cromscíath caladgér hard-edged, TTr.² 1002 . a ulcha gaill in dedbudanaigh . . . caladhgriantragthaigh, IT iii 98.25 ; 'hard and dried up like gravel' EIS 149 § 40 .

ceilt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ceilt or dil.ie/8466

 

f. Vn. of ceilid. IGT Decl. § 14 . Verbs § 34 . Act of hiding, concealing : is aire dorigni si sin in ch.¤ sin, BB 237a24 = ceilcg, Celtica 12.81 (of Rachel). c.¤ gach thaoibh leabhair fa lic, Dán Dé xxv 13 ( cleith , v.l.). ag c.¤ a gcreidimh, TSh. 3548 . With AR: mo pheactha nach éidir liom do ch.¤ ort, Parrth. Anma 4625 . an fhírinne do ch.¤ air ar nUachtarán dlisdionach, Donlevy 72.y . With CEN: is cóir cen a chelt it is proper to make it known, LL 370b25 = chleith, Arch. Hib. iv 205 § 10 . With FO: fo ch.¤ `outlawed', Oss. iii 82.15 . fá ch.¤ déar blinded by tears, Keat. Poems 704 .

Act of setting aside, suppressing , etc.: agra nach éidir do ch.¤ , Dán Dé xiv 7 . ag c.¤ fuardochta in adhóir dispelling , O'Gr. Cat. 452.9 . ag c.¤ dobróin driving away sorrow, Oss. iii 260.19 . In chevilles: nocha c.¤ riaghla reidhi it is a plain statement, etc., Ériu ii 228.9 . gan c.¤ (sic leg.), BNnÉ 144.11 . os da neimh-cheilt to put it plainly, 228 § 133 .

See 2 cleth.

céim

Cite this: eDIL s.v. céim or dil.ie/8469
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: cheimim, cém

(-mm) n, n. vn. of 1 cingid. See GOI §§ 152 , 328 , 453 , 756 , and GOI Translators' Note p. 683 . m. and f., IGT Decl. § 45 . n s. cheimim, Hugh Roe² 20.22 . cém, RSClára 87a etc.

I

(a) act of stepping towards, approaching; resorting to (with various prepp.): ar do chéimm ar croich `for the sake of Thy going upon the cross', Ériu vi 113 § 5 . la c.¤ do míasaib maithib `when there is stepping to good tables', iii 102 § 30 . nir' fhetsat ceim fora n-agaid dia n-echuib, Marco P. 113 . ceim do churadaib Connacht, MR 250.20 . ceim fri haimles n-egalsa, Ériu ii 228.15 . ceim i cleith , LU 4009 ( SCC 45 . ) cen ch.¤ dó 'na comlepaid unless he should come to share her bed, Ériu iv 104.2 . cēim iar sētaib soscēla, ii 56 § 11 . ar gc.¤-ne ón talmhain thuaidheamhain, DDána 70.9 . With gen.: c.¤ an chroinn the step towards the cross, Dán Dé xxix 20 .

(b) With cingid: ciṅg ceim co lan tocud etc., Corp. Gen. 80.2 . nocho chingfind ceim dar cert, LL 18668 . rochind seig a cheim co hegandais, TTebe 1088 .

(c) step, pace, stride : inna ceimmen gl. gresús, Ml. 22a7 . céimmim gl. extento gradu, 41d7 . ch.¤ cruth cheill congraimmim in gait, etc., LU 8323 ( FB 24 ). c.¤ tar ais, Dán Dé xxviii 26 . c.¤ ar ch.¤ `step by step', Rel. Celt. ii 190.10 . c.¤ baccaighe limp, TSh. 3344 . dhírighios a chéime = (the Lord) directeth his steps, Proverbs xvi 9 .

(d) With verbs other than cingid: ascnam c.¤ for caland `let us strive to step', Fél. Dec. 31 (cf. Gorm.). ná beram c.¤ secha sain, LL 3308 . c.¤ chríoch n-imdherg nis dring, Ériu xiii 20.1 . dréisi c.¤ cech óin laithi `advance thou a step every day', i 200 § 24 . caín feid a rosc rocheim inna chend síar, LU 8342 ( FB 24 ). nach rach c.¤ don chiort `depart one step', PBocht 9.25 .

(e) As measure of length: da ceimend sechtmogat in airdi in tuir, Auraic. 1245 . .u. ced deg ceim curadh `fifteen hundred warrior's paces', Stair Erc. 774 . Cf. da traigid gu leith se in ceim inraic `the full pace', Ériu xvii 70 § 10 gl. 5 . See míle.

(f) degree (astron., etc.): sa 4 ceim in quarto gradu (of heat), ZCP xviii 264.16 . sgáile na ccéimionn `degrees' (of a sun-dial), Isaiah xxxviii 8 .

(g) stage in a process : na céimenda as i ndéntar in t-adaltras .i. silled ┐ comrád etc., PH 7807 . i gcéimeannaibh an chreidimh, Dán Dé vi 31 . an dechmadh c.¤ ó Cholla (in pedigree), BNnÉ 281.28 . in trat tic cum in ceime deiginigh don eitici, Rosa Angl. 76.2 . an dara c.¤ . . . an treas c.¤ stage (of the death of the body), TSh. 1240 ff.

(h) dignity, rank, degree : hí ceím gl. in gradum dignitatis, Ml. 19a3 . ina ceim ┐ ina cadus fein, BB 238a14 . cech ceim cádhusach, CCath. 1507 . i gc.¤ `in high esteem', Content. xvi 95 . na tigernuidhi doreir a ceimenn, Maund. 148 . nech lugha ceim nā rí `of lower rank than', ZCP vi 101.27 . ? daerfuidir do saeradh taris ceim bas etar leis, Laws v 450.21 Comm. lucht céimenn `dignitaries', Hugh Roe² 158.22 . da gach aon . . . do réir a chéime, Keat. ii 2072 . iar na togha is na ceimionnaibh remraite `to those dignities', AFM iii 364.4 .

(i) amount, degree, extent : a ngach aoinch.¤ `in every particular', O'Hara 546 . a n-aein ch.¤ `in any degree', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 374.6 . san ch.¤ a ttugas . . . grádh dhó, Desid. 5971 .

(j) procedure, proper course : cēim n-erlatad ar Dīa, ZCP iii 449.12 . cēim fāthach `walking with knowledge', Ériu ii 64 § 6 . dom chor ó ch.¤ from the proper course, DDána 38.22 . ní c.¤ é eidir óghaibh, Ir. Syll. Poetry 34 § 5 . c.¤ eoil don aineolach, Dán Dé xxviii 45 . do chríochnaigh C. a c.¤ flatha `his royal progress', ML 88.32 . c.¤ caithme `an expensive process', BNnÉ 282.7 . ceim conalbais, Lism. L. 3069 .

(k) In later lang. freq. in vague sense of task, exploit, undertaking, feat, deed : do c[h]onāch id chémanduib, ML² 1654 . c.¤ anshógha, DDána 99.7 . c.¤ d'éirghe aigeanta enough to make the heart rise, 66.3 . brígh 'na ccéimiondaibh ní chuir `he sets no store by their doings', Studies 1919, 258 § 18 . do bhéireadh béim ann gach c.¤ cruaidh, Oss. vi 74.12 . c.¤ macaimh Muimnigh `part', MR 302.7 . c.¤ cruaidh, Desid. 897 . Perh. also in: Bethach fo chéimim chlothalt / marb in h-Erind ar clitecht, LL 769 (see Leb. Gab.(i) 114.9 ).

(l) Freq. in chevilles: ceim forais, SR 4391 (cf. béim f.). c.¤ ngle, LU 2831 . c.¤ gan gainne, LL 7074 . gárbh fhearr c.¤ `what prize could be greater?', Studies 1920, 98 § 6 .

(m) generation : go nuige an mīle céim, Carswell² 48.1651 = gus an mhíle genealach, Adtimchiol 155b3 . go nuige an treas nō an ceathramhadh cém nō glún gheinealaidh, Carswell² 98.3437 .

(n) Miscellaneous uses: ? sluag Herend cona fairind / lotar ba cemmend cumaiṅg, LL 746 . re trichait ṁblīadna i Maig Mell / re cōicait cīalla cēmend, Fianaig. 50.13 . ? reim dano ceim a airbert (quatrain follows), Auraic. 800 = cém, 3590 = ceim, 3617 . iar ceimennaibh `in course', Laws iii 344.19 Comm. `in turn', iv 260.y Comm. ar ndola dá cruth i gcéimibh (: éirigh) `her body swelling', PBocht 18.31 . See TD 10.22 n. p. 237 . i gc.¤ properly composed (?) (a poem), Ó Bruad. iii 194.x .

II In concrete applications

(a) step, rung : trisna cemmen i n-andais . . . a ch.¤ són i ngaibthe cech salm `the step in which each psalm used to be sung', Ml. 133b4 -5. [cé]mmen templi gl. gradus, Thes. i 498.8 (Ardm.). ceimenna arda high steps, LB 151b3 . seacht gcéimeanna ann (of a ladder, Fig.), Aithd. D. 62.20 . céimeanna an chaisléin, Dán Dé xxviii 15 . ? ceim .i. conair, ut est ceim sech na dichestar dilsi sech andoit n-eclaise, O'Dav. 549 . Also stile, threshold etc.: iter claid . . . ┐ tenlach ┐ cēim `fire-place and (door-)step', Cáin Ad. 41 . tarsa ceim isind faichti `over the stile into the field', Mon. Tall. 130.8 . for c.¤ na reilgge, Irish Texts i 35.14 . airde cech ceim (v.l.) [ar]aile (of building), MacCarthy 40.24 .

(b) pass : Slīab C. na cēmenn crūaid `of the difficult passes', Ériu ii 50 § 5 . set conaire no ceime `footpath', Laws v 152.x Comm. inis na gcéimeann, Measgra D. 55.2 . essruis . . . co ceimeannaibh cumgae, Stair Erc. 234 .

Compds. With adjj.: réim . . . ceim-dhíochra with eager step, ML 84.15 . a[g] cuibrech an curadh crodha ceimdighaind, ZCP vi 285.28 . dochuaidh ina coinne co ceimdirech `went straight to meet him', 45.13 . céimleasg i gcath `cool in conflict', TD 26.25 . go cobhsaidh céimrighin, AFM vi 2128.16 .

cleith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cleith or dil.ie/9420

 

x see clith.

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