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ad-teich

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-teich or dil.ie/583
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: atteoch, adeochasa, adeoch, addeoch-sa, aiteoch, atethach, ateich, atabtecham, aiteocham, ataich, attaig, aitchid, aitchem, adessam, adróethach, adróithach, atum-roethach-sa, atroithich, ataich, attachetar, attach, ataigid, aitchid

v * ad-(ath-?) -tech-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 639 ). Indic. pres. 1 s. atteoch, Thes. ii 349.1 (Hy. v). ateoch, 350.14 (Hy. vi), 353.5, .11 . adeochasa (adeochosa LU), TBC-I¹ 1030 . adeoch, 1031 . addeoch-sa, LL 1021 . aiteoch, ZCP vi 258.2 . ?atethach SR 817 (with inf. pron. 2 s.?). 3 s. ateich, Ml. 39b6 . 1 pl. atabtecham, ZCP vii 485 ( Enchir. Aug. Aug. 84b ). aiteocham, ZCP x 347 § 17 . Ipv. 2 s. ataich. Thes. ii 258.11 . attaig, SR 1618 . 2 pl. aitchid, LU 8391 ( FB § 26 ). 1 pl. aitchem, SR 1613 . Subj. pres. (fut., Ped.) 1 pl. adessam, Thes. ii 300.2 (Hy. i). Pret. and perf. 1 s. adróethach, Thes. ii 353.5 . adróithach, Fél. Ep. 301 . 2 s. atum-roethach-sa, IT iii 242.225 . 3 s. atroithich, ZCP vi 257 § 6 . ataich, TBC-I¹ 1551 (= conattecht, TBC-LL¹ 2184 ). 3 pl. ra attachetar , TBC-LL¹ 2744 . Vn. attach. Later as simple vb. ataigid, aitchid. IGT Verbs § 52 .

Lit. flees to, resorts to (see attach), but invariably in more abstract meanings.

(a) In the constr. a.¤ x fri y invokes x against y. adjures or beseeches y by or for the sake of x. In Ir. Lit. 30 ff. the phrase ateoch frit is used before each of a long list of items: ateoch frit, a Isu . . . do cethri suiscelaige, etc. the actual prayer (co nimragba, etc.) following p. 34. aitchid a chenel fri Bran `he adjures B. by his race', Rawl. B. 512 fo. 120c32 (Plummer MS. notes). ataich Cuchulaind fris a chomaltus ┐ a muimi diblinaib Scathaich C. appealed to him by his foster-brotherhood, TBC-I¹ 1551 . aitchidh ainm nDe re Brigit um ní do tabairt do asks B. in God's name to give him something, Lism. L. 1316 . ō roataig-sim Colmān . . . riu `he adjured them by Colmán', BColm. 96.1 . attchim-se mo guide rutt, LL 374c23 . ro attaich Dia riss gan a clann d'easguine `she besought him for God's sake not to curse her children', TFrag. 102.9 .

(b) calls on, prays to, entreats: adiuro .i. atchim, Gild. Lor. 52 . arnādrīs iffernn uathach / ateoch in ríg adróethach (.i. roatchius) `that I may not go to awful hell, I beseech the King whom I have besought', Thes. ii 353.5 (Hy. vi). adróithach in rígraid / . . . / . . . atateochsa íaram, Fél. Ep. 301 . attecham (ateocham v.l.) na hóga / doairset ar ṅdála, Sept. 20. a Dé dulig adateoch, ZCP i 497.6 . aitchem na huili duli / . . . / cor guidet lenn, SR 1613 . ō roaitcheatar ainm Colmāin . . . tērnatar slán i tír, BColm. 94.12 . no aitchitis in coimdid, PH 4055 . aitchim a sídh `I beseech peace with them', Studies 1923. 599 § 18 . With cognate accus. issed attach adessam `this is the prayer that we will pray', Thes. ii 300.2 (Hy. i). atach ind so atroithich Colum Cille co mmáthair nÍsu, ZCP vi 257 § 6 . With follg. IMM and vn. constr.: ra attchetar . . . firu hErend ma tocbáil bar lebennaib scíath they besought the men of Ireland to raise them, TBC-LL¹ 2744 . ra adaig clanda Nemid imo hainm do beith forsin ferand ind-romarbad, Dinds. 147 ( RC xvi 160 ). ro-n-aitchiset im thomailt `they begged him to eat', PH 6547 . ro attaig a shetig Samson imme sin, LB 127b15 . aitchim an dá dheaghfháidh dhéag / fam (dom, v.l.) thabhairt do Dhia ar deighshéad, Dán Dé xxv 50 . aitchet na naoimh . . . im thecht cuca da ccabhair, BNnÉ 256 § 214 . Similarly with DO: roataigh Día codichra da furtacht, ZCP vi 94.27 . ro aitchister . . . Patraicc . . . dia choemna for a bidbaid, Irish Texts i 18 § 54 . aitchett an Coimdhe do shior / naoimh sleachta Conaill dár ndíon, iii 45.30 . adchi[s]-seom (curoataigh v.l.) in Gall dia comairqui `entreated . . . for his protection', RC xxiv 56 § 17 . Note also: aithchim ar bhar n-éigse sibh / gabháil `I implore you by your poetic profession to restrain . . .', Content. xvi 88 . Less freq. with person entreated introduced by FOR or FRI: ro atuighsead an sgol for Féinius bérla do theibeadh as na hilteangthuibh, IGT Introd. 3.17 . aitchimit fort gin ar clödh forcula do dliged ar sen, ZCP i 260.5 . is eadh aitcheas nó athchuingheas Ieremias . . . ar an duine, TSh. 1619 . in fer fodrácaib co claen aitchid fris a facbail co diriuch request him, LU 8391 ( FB § 26 ). tocht fo a thogairm ┐ an ro ataig fris do denamh `and did whatever he requested him', AFM vi 2054.7 .

2 aiccill

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 aiccill or dil.ie/764

 

n f. (perh. same word as aiccell) name of rhyme of the end-word of one line with a word in the beginning or interior of the next line (see Murphy Metrics p. 83 ), e.g. drecon bruthmar brúithe elta / mac Con Cerca cathmíli, ib. p. 23 . `anticipation', Meyer, Meyer Prim. p. 9 . aicill cumaisg, aicill ceanda, aicill deachnaidhi moiri, aicill dheachnaidhi bleacht, aicill rathnua, names of metr. faults, IGT Metr. Faults § 79 , 80 , 81 , 82 , 83 . claen creite na haicle randaidechta bige, § 42. claen crete i n-aicill casbairdne, § 44. In names of metres: slat brecht mor scailte cen aicill so, IT iii 92 § 137 . rindaird scailte cen ḟaicill so, 90 § 121 .See p. 131 .

anál

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anál or dil.ie/3335
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: anál

n ā, f. Orig. vn. of anaid. Celt. Verb p. 186 . Pedersen, Litteris ii 77 - 94 (Best Bibliogr.), LEIA anál f. IGT Decl. § 149 . n. sg. anáil, Loinges mac nDuíl Dermait 58 § 31 . act of breathing; breath: donanáil gl. anele, Gild. Lor. gl. 123 ( anhela, Du Cange , see Ascoli xxxiii ). ic egmig impu . . . fot a n-anali till out of breath, LU 1902 ( RC x 56.15 ). anála fer ┐ ech, 9246 . anáil nathrach, 5442 (TBC). rob imda airech . . . ica urgabail ar n-urnaidm a anala air through shortness of breath (of fleeing men), MR 318.11 . tocbaid bar n-anála i núachtur bar cléib du bar n-étrummugud tairis, Mer. Uil. 65 . tromtínfed a mbrenanala, BB 495a8 . bolad fína lía anóil (: óir), LU 3640 ( SCC 31 ). a.¤ mnáa lat ingin breathes like a woman, Fing. R. 373 ( ZCP iii 5 § 14 ). omun iar sin hi cride / iss a.¤ hi trommchride (on the situation (in the body) of the passions and propensities), ACL iii 223.10 . lán dom anáil ón uabhar puffed up with pride(?), Studies 1924, 87 § 16 . cuir mar thúis anáil th'ochta / fam ghnúis d'fhagháil fhurtochta, DDána 67.30 . goill dom athchur 'sdom arguin / . . . / rug a hanáil óm inntinn, 90.5 . do-bhir dá ḟine a n-anáil `who gives life to his kinsfolk', TD 32.80 . lé anáil na nél um nóna / fér ag fagháil chóra a críaidh, IGT Decl. ex. 1153 . d'anáil óirmheirgeadh the breeze caused by the waving of ensigns, L. Cl. A. B. 100.200 . lé séideadh nó lé súghadh a anáile, TSh. 1896 . oiret anala géoid the slightest breath, RC xxiv 381.18 . táinig d'anáil chuaigh fa Chormac `such fumes arose from the goblet', TD 29.34 .

In various phrases. do-beir a.¤ fo breathes on: a ndorat a anáil foí when he blew under it (of a fire), Trip.² 132 . tuc a a.¤ fai iarsin `the Devil breathed on him them', BCC 454.28 . do-beir a.¤ for: dobeir an sacart secht n-[an]ála Dē for a muin the priest breathes seven breaths of God on his back (significance obscure, apparently a form of appeasement), BColm. 96.27 . dobeir íarum an t-airchindech secht n-anāla Dē for a muin corigci an lic i ndorus a tighi apad, 29 . gaibid ar (for) a.¤ : no co ngaba for thrí ara anáil till he thrice holds in his breath, Mer. Uil. 135 . rogab for a anáil, CCath. 2072 . do léici, léicid a.¤ exhales breath: crét tái cen t'anál do lécud immach? PH 8136 . ro teilgedh a anál, CCath. 2164 . aithinne dubh . . . léicis Mlaise a anáil foillsigh / fúithib gur shoillsigh, SG 27.33 . dia ttealccat an lucht úd a n-anala get breathing time, AFM v 1766.24 . do-léici, léicid a.¤ do: ma tarlaic a nanala doibh if he gave them a breathing space (of driving cattle), O'Curry 2325 ( Eg. 88, 25 (26)b ). ro léc a tri nanala doib, O'Curry 2341 (ib. 26 (27)c ). intan dorelced mo anāl damsa provided I can breathe, TBC-I¹ 2192 . nír léig Gall ort a anáil 'no foreigner breathed upon you', Giolla Brighde 40 § 5 .

In descriptions of heroes' feats (precise application not clear): rothchless ┐ otar ┐ cless for análaib (of Cú Chulainn), LU 5972 (= gless (cleas St.) for a.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 2111 ). eter chles for análaib ┐ ubullchles ┐ siaburchles, 8442 ( FB 30 ). léim tar neimh ┐ cleas fur anala, RC xxix 128 § 35 . ro clisius for analaib / uasa uíb ( ? uas aúib) na n-ech, LU 9345 . immasleig cach la beirt immin n-araid gabáil na n-ésse biid uasaib ┐ análaib, 9294 . Cf. in descriptions of fighting: is amlaid bís mo chú . . . oc imguin ós analaib, TBC-LL¹ 531 . arfich ó aíb ech ┐ analaib fer, LU 8347 ( FB 24 ). atrácht a én gaile osa anáil co m-búi for folúamain imma chend (of Hercules), LL 225a48 ( TTr. 600 ). rachomaicsigsetar na catha da ceile . . . co raeirgetar a n-eoin gaile ósa n-analaib, 239b42 ( 1706 ).

Of recitation, ref. to the number of words, etc. to be spoken in one breath: intan ba roscadh . . . cindas nothomsidhe? . . . do focul forba anaile no-taispenta don choiceadh focul, uair is coic focail romesadh i n-anail in filed by a word completing a breath which was indicated by the fifth word . . ., Auraic. 930 = 3860 . dilius do bair[d]ne a tomus et coir n-anala their measure and correct phrasing (lit. breathing), 3528 . is é cóir nanála .i. narop sia las in bfer nít gaib (= nodgaib ?) ó aná[i]l cen (leg. cech ?) leth ┐ gach cethruma inás a céile, ar na roib cam .i. cin claen dona claenaib . . . that the man who recites it in (one ?) breath may not prolong any one couplet or any one line more than another(?), O'D. 1222 (H 2.15, 86b). Of the chanting of psalms: a sailm iar fersaib ┐ linib ┐ adhantaib ┐ analaib, Laws v 24.9 Comm. oc cetul a shalm . . . for aillib ┐ annalaib ┐ ernalib, MacCongl. 13.11 . Of the recitation of a magic formula: D. doroine dic[h]etal do cennaib for enanail do cuingidh feraind for C., LL 392b53 . Similarly: for óenchoiss ┐ óenláim ┐ óenanáil rachain dóib insin uile, LU 6983 = BDD² 562 . Legal: tucait mbinniusa .i. a foclaib ┐ a nanalib diction and enunciation (of speaking in court), O'D. 849 (H 3.17, c. 603). fot naen anala do boaire, ┐ .u. focuil inti, a dó do filid . . . a tri do flaith . . . a secht do eclais, ┐ nai focail cethrachat indtib, O'Curry 698 (H 3.18, 337). go deich do foclaib ┐ vii nanala don eclais ┐ vii focail in cach anail . . . da anail don fili ┐ v focail in cach anail, 227 (122).

On the connection between a.¤ and poetic art (aí), see Celtica vi 215 ff. do glaine n-anáile, Ériu xiii 37.15 . do-glind anáil / ailibh caoinibh / inghen gaoithe . . . eisimh teisimh / eallaing, teallaincc, 16 . a hainm (i.e. aí) i ccaoimthecht fria hanail, 39.24 .

Compd. anal-utmall of quick breath, panting , CCath. 4956 .

1 camm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 camm or dil.ie/8094
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: Cam-achaid, cammchranna, cammderc

adj o, ā IGT Decl. § 40 (bean cham). c.¤ a cammpiclo .i. ō cecht arathair, O'Mulc. 205 .

I

(a) crooked, bent, curved, twisted : honaib crichaib cammaib gl. obliquis sulcis, Ml. 2a7 . conair cham winding, Ériu xiii 14.23 . ar crandaibh camaibh corraibh, IT iii 86.y . trí cloidmi cama caela curved, Leb. Cert.² 566 . benn cham chrom, ACL iii 307 § 20 . a gcornuibh cama, O'R. Poems 2510 . i n-a raon cham, Dán Dé xxiii 4 . ná fuabraid fáisdine beoil / ná ésgaid chaim crescent moon, Caithr. Thoirdh. 19.33 .

(b) Of persons and personal characteristics: sron cham, FB 37 Eg. ( IT i 271.28 ). cainti cam, IT iii 84 § 73 . ní thuca in cóil ngairit, osí c[h].¤ ḟinnfadach (of woman), ZCP viii 112.28 . C. cláen c.¤ , LL 1400 . F. C. .i. claon a rosc. Gorm. Apr. 7 n. Colmán Cam, ALC i 38.28 = Colman Caech, AFM ii 834.12 . quies Cuain Caimb, AU i 210.5 . cusna findchoelanaib cammaib gl. cum tortuosis intestinis, Gild. Lor. 229 . a géag-dhlaoidh cham wavy, curly , Keat. Poems 89 .

(c) Of abstract notions: hon torund chaum gl. oblica significatione, Ml. 55a9 . bainne do chēill chaimm. Rawl. 163a25 . bretha camma false judgements, ZCP viii 196.3 . cen mebail cen meiṅg / cen debaid mad cam `no strife in a crooked cause', KMMisc. 274 § 64 . coindealg comairle nach cam, Metr. Gl. Ff. 10 . tagra cam, Luc. Fid. 4777 . gach tīr bidh cam a coimhēd `treacherous', Ériu xviii 68 § 49 .

(d) In chevilles: cen glór c.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 278.41 . ní hiúl cam, DDána 30.14 . atchíther ní cam / ra ríg ríchid rind, LU 9893 . ní cam libh, Keat. i 190.27 .

Superl. an chlí do ba choime cor, Aithd. D. 50.27 . Adv. is cam dochóidh cridhe an pheacthaigh, Dán Dé xxxi 21 . táinnig cám mar bhachaill di, gé bhí díreach aig dul uirthe (the rod) came crooked like a crozier from it (i.e. the fire), ZCP ii 550.z .

II As subst. o: im cam Coraind (sic leg.) (a goblet), AU ii 226.7 = AFM iii 110.3 . a ch.¤ ┐ a dírioch (of a tree), Ériu xiv 158 § 21 . In abstr. sense crookedness, perversity, injustice; flaw, fault : arna roib cam .i. cin claen dona claenaib, O'D. 1222 (H 2.15, 86b). cam dhí doba dodhénta (of monastic enclosure), IGT Decl. ex. 1282 . ceartaigh mo ch.¤ `straighten my crookedness', Aithd. D. 89.19 . cuirfed a negar rann . . . / gan cham don dregan, Rel. Celt. ii 286.21 . mo cham . . . do dhíorghadh `perversity', PBocht 22.30 . gan cham 'n-a chomhdaibh `flaw'. O'Rah. 130.158 . gach cam do-chír, Hackett² xxix 5 . nār lēigis . . . cam do chaithemh re cōir you did not allow injustice to triumph, ML² 1368 .

Compds. With nouns. Cam-achaid, Gorm. Mar. 31 n. tanagas a Ciaraighibh / robo loor a cambuirbe perverse boorishness, IT iii 89.8 . lena gcaimchialluibh fein, Luc. Fid. 3882 . i gCath Camchluana, Keat. iii 1824 . araid camchnama dóib (of joint of meat), YBL 418 . cam-cnaim saillte, Laws v 40.13 . do reir a gcamchomhairle fein, Luc. Fid. 4001 . tar chladhaibh . . . cam-charadh (cora), CF² 1157 . an Cam-corn (a goblet), Ériu ii 186.19 . cammchranna gl. trabes (of ships), Sg. 189a1 . camchúl cladhdhlúth (of lady's hair), Hackett² xxiii 3 . ná bī dá cheilt léd chamdhán, Content. xxiv 23 . on chamdeicsin do-n-gniat `the crooked look', Ml. 55a8 . cammderc gl. Strabo, Sg. 63a4 . 70b8 . Cf. Études Celt. xi 129 . Aed Caimdherc .i. derc chlaen bhaí aci, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 34.5 . camdhúain bhaird `competitive lay', KMMisc. 170.21 . noco choir a cammḟige (of faulty composition of a poem), IT iii 106.24 . a ghiolla(dh) an chaimfhreagraidh, Luc. Fid. 4305 . do camḟolang casbhuarote (fulang), IT iii 92.w . ¤linn in n. loc. see Hog. Onom. ri clerchib na cam-lorg of the twisted croziers, LL 19307 . cosa ar cam-luamain hanging crooked, ML² 1797 . ¤mag in n. loc. see O'Don. Suppl. gad gerinnill / cnap camuilínd (muilenn ?), IT iii 92.z . camnadh (nath) ┐ cáinadh (name of a type of invective), ACL iii 294 § 4 ; 'petulance and upbraiding' Jn. Celt. Stud. ii 103 § 4 . claonnos, camnos perverse custom, O'D. 576 ( H 3.17, 443 ). ¤phlumpad see plumpad. ní cammrad `no crooked speech' (cheville), Gorm. May 9 . do chamraidhte-si, Luc. Fid. 4899 . cid nā dénum dá chammrand ? (see Meyer, RC xii 460 ), MacCongl. 15.24 . dīa n-dernsat in dí chammrand, `when they had a duel in quatrains', 53 . tús is tábhacht ar mbriathar / le cam-rannaibh ní cheileam `crooked verses', Content. xxiv 25 . m. Cormaic Camṡrōin, Corp. Gen. 347.21 . re bhar gcamthagruibh, Luc. Fid. 3209 . in chamthuisil `the oblique cases', Sg. 197a2 . forsnaib camthuislib, 207a6 .

With adjj. in dvandva-compds.: tria cleactaibh camchasa a chinn, TBC St. 4556 `very curly' Gloss. claideb camgorm, Ériu iv 102.9 .

With adjj. derived from nouns freq. referring to parts of the body: Tadhg camchosach O Dálaigh `Bandy-legs', O'Gr. Cat. 354.17 . os sí chamḟinnach. LL 346a9 . an eachlach camgluineach (of Lebarchamm), YBL 177a34 ( BB 257b27 ). fa chrúba . . . caimingnecha, SG 290.31 . cosa . . . cam-ladracha, ML² 1595 . ben chamlāmach chomhdālach, Bruchst. 34 § 80 . an Cammuinélach Ua Baoighill `Wrynecked', AFM iii 322.3 . bualadh an chléirigh cham-shúiligh, TSh. 1171 . Muiris camṡrónach, O'Gr. Cat. 34.21 . Note also: a chlaideb camthuagach catha, TBC-LL¹ 3736 . Taediu chorrach chamlindtech, Acall. 2674 `of the eddying pools', SG ii 170 .

With vb.: gur camlubadar a cloidib, YBL 331b16 .

céilide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. céilide or dil.ie/8461

 

n io (céile). m., IGT Decl. § 1 . visit, act of visiting : céilidhe .i. muinnterus no cuaird, IT ii2 255.26 . corran célide libsi `on a visit', Wb. 7a17 . celide et buith cendenum neich ref. to circuire domus, 29a4 . acht do dichisiu . . . / do chelidhiu chugomsae `on a visit to me', Blathm. 148 . co mbuí for célidi occo, LU 1548 (MU). is maith . . . limm célide libsi, TBFr. 149 . aes celide visitors, Alex. 935 . co héill fir célide .i. cuirm, MacCongl. 99.21 . ? ní théid do chlú ar céilidhe, O'R. Poems 146 . re linn a chéilidhe id chlí, Dán Dé xv 15 . do choidh fecht for ceilidhe chuga, Hugh Roe² 16.16 . Céilidhe Iosgaide Léithe (a tale), Celtica iii 232 .

In relig. contexts implying a fault or undesirable behaviour: dar ndrut ōn chēilidi clāen , ACL iii 237 § 19 . One of the fifteen tokens of a bad woman, ZCP viii 113.23 . (remedies against lust) imgabail mesca miscais célithe, Ériu vii 138.24 ( ZCP iii 25.29 ). Note also: trí airisena boccachta: sírch. etc., Triads 102 .

cil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cil or dil.ie/9073
Last Revised: 2019

 

I As adj. biassed, criminal : c.¤ .i. claon unde lethch.¤ .i. lethchlāen, Corm. Y 318 . c.¤ .i. claen , Lec. Gl. 147 . Metr. Gl. , Eg. 29 . ACC 52 . ciol .i. claon, O'Cl. collúdh col. coimpert ciol, Ériu xiii 23.25 . ro geguin suil Cormaic . . . is de ba lethch.¤ C., Rawl. 134b24 ; 'blind in one eye' Celtica xi 171 § 4 .

II As noun [ā, f. ?] bias, fault : da ainm don chlaoine colaigh `ciol' is `cle', Metr. Gl. D 41 . c.¤ .i. cach der(?) n-indomain, Corm. Y 317 . i lethchil a chundartho .i. uair robo lethclaen an cunrad dorinne 'in the lop-sidedness of his bargain i.e. because the bargain he made was lop-sided', Contract Law 140 § 14 ( CIH iv 1195.14 ). leges do chorpaib cen ch.¤ `blameless' (of attributes of Christ), Blathm. 167 (: anmannaib). cen ch.¤ variant of cen chloene, RC xxvi 30 n.4 . mūadh bochtus c.¤ a comarc (.i. maith benus sé a locht a rand), ZCP v 488 § 9 (of metrical fault) (B. na f.). rád nad c.¤ (: gin) (cheville), Fél. 86.y . foch.¤ n-éca (in rhetoric), Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 10.12 . na derntar isin domnach . . . imrim for ech . . . na ní bes c.¤ , LB 203a54 . tar cremla cile (: Mide) `contrary to a false prophecy' (?), AFM i 162.x . Legal: c.¤ .i. claon no cutruma . . . forgill fo c.¤ mana o cinniud cirt `testimony is biased unless it be from just discrimination', O'Dav. 467 . dosli c.¤ cechaing .i. tuillter . . . dilsi in cinaid uair ro ceimniges a c.¤ a mbas, O'Curry 2097 ( H 4.22, 74a ). caire re tomeas gin ciol a judge impartial in judging, ZCP v 485 § 4 (B. na f.). Also expld. in glossaries as bás death : `ciol' bás, Metr. Gl. D 43 . O'Cl. fodhbh fir chiol, Ériu xiii 20.22 . fodhbh ḟir ch.¤ , 31.4 , quoted O'Dav. 401 s.v. cel .i. bas.

Compd. comdar ferba fulachta fora gruaidib iar cilbrethaib `so that blisters were suffered on his cheeks after (having passed) wrong judgements', Celtica vi 227.z = turcbait ferba fora gruadaib iar cílbrethaib, LU 791 ( ACC 52 ).

cláen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cláen or dil.ie/9306
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: Cuilín

adj o, ā

I

(a) uneven, crooked, sloping; aslant, bending, stooped; curving, curved : dosroraind . . . cona deilg. Sīa īarom rosīacht a dealg ūaithe sair a bēlaib oldās dar a hais sīar. Is aire is clōen ind less, Corm. Y 502 . clóen ind ráth dind leith adiu, RC xiii 462 § 65 . in chuirn chláoin curved(?), IGT Decl. ex. 356 . a bheith claon nochar chás duid `its laying low troubled thee not' (of a severed head), PBocht 14.35 . ? Fig. mo chiall ata claon, Atlantis iv 180.31 .

(b) Freq. of hair waving (?) flowing (?): folt claon, DDána 96.33 . ciabh dhaghcruinn n-a cuaichleirg claoin, Magauran 1001 . is camarsach claon . . . / a carn-ḟolt, Keat. Poems 65 .

(c) Of eyes, squinting: Finan Cam . . . .i. cloen a rosc, Fél. 112.23 , Gorm. Apr. 7n. dā mac imleasan . . . ┐ sīat clǣna, TBC-I¹ 2612 . gura bhris in suil claein, MR 36.13 .

As epithet: a trian ro charsat Conall Cloen batis cloín cot acallaim, LL 13522 (Thurn., ZCP viii 72 ff. q.v., would translate hump-backed ). Conghal Caoch, no Claon, AFM an. 624 . co tard beach . . . a neim for mo leth-rosc-sa, gura claen mo ṡuil. Congal C. mo ainm ar sin, MR 34.12 . an Giolla claon Ua Ciardha, tigherna Coirpri, AFM ii 1092.11 .

(d) In moral sense, iniquitous, perverse, unjust, biassed: cil .i. claon no cutruma, O'Dav. 467 (? leg. écutrumma). nate ni clóin gl. (numquid iniquitas apud Deum?) Absit, Wb. 4c17 . in miscuis clóin, Ml. 46d10 . inna mbritheman cloin, 103b17 (brithem, MS.). adbar inna combartae cloine, 71c6 . is gó flatha do-ber sína saíba for tūatha clóena. ZCP xi 82 § 25 . scítha láma indrosc (sic leg.?) cloína unjust demands(?), LU 10884 (TE rhet.). ingena cloína Cain, LL 17437 . nírbat santa[ch] immun mbith / nō for ind nim (leg. indiub) chlóen, ACL iii 312 § 6 (indium, in nem, v.ll.). gan beith fa chomadaib claena `unjust conditions', MR 120.26 . freasdal a gcor gclaon `crooked wiles', Aithd. D. 52.3 . ainic nach claon do chathaoir `lest your poet's chair be partial', Content. v 186 .

(e) c.¤ fri (chum, do) prone to, inclined to: atá ar gcolann claon ré déanamh an uilc = prona est ad malum, TSh. 2916 . an drong beirthear faoi stiúradh na plainéide so bíd . . . geala, claon chum beith fionnchrothacha, Corp. Astron. 70.8 . biaidh an bhliadhain sin claon chum síothchána, 3 . na peacaidhe is mó d'a bhfuilmíd claon, nó tugtha, Donlevy 270.24 . atá sí laig-bhrígheach ┐ claon chum uilc, 210.26 .

(f) In metrics, uneven; without accordance, imperfect : is airi didiu asberar clōinrē, fobīth is clōen ma doberthar um nī, ūair it troma a trī oldati a dóu, ar it chōic dīalta fuilet a clōinré, amail rongab fīanamailechar, Corm. Y 447 (p. 37.21) . dunadh c.¤, amail ata . . . ar Muiri ┐ ar Martain (final line of a poem which began with `tangadar'. -tain does not adequately echo tan- therefore the conclusion is c.¤ or lochtach), IGT Met. Faults § 145 . áenghuthaighe is í fa dhó ... bidh cláen 'the same vowel occurring twice ... it will be incorrect', Celtica xxvii 58 § 3 . See also cláenaid and comardad (c).

Adv. in fer fodrácaib co claen the man who has left it crooked, uneven (of a house), LU 8391 ( FB 26 ) (opp. to co diriuch). is amlaidh ata Stodiaca gu claen ┐ an speir lan mor go direach, Ir. Astr. Tr. 126.13 . an tṡlat iarainn ṡaighes go claon `which goeth ouerthwart', RSClára 125a .

II As subst. o, m.

(a) stoop, slope, slant, inclination : sleagh do chur 'na chroidhe, / claon do bheith 'na bhrághaid (of Our Lord), Ir. Syll. Poetry 36 § 17 . do filleadh call tar a chláon, IGT Decl. ex. 910 . is binne donál na bhfaol / ná gach claon chuireas tú id ghuth (to a snoring bed-fellow) every twist(?), Measgra D. 5.24 . for c.¤ slanting, inclined : is for clóen in pars ochtarach for laim clii `the upper part is inclined on the left hand', Thes. ii 254.19 (Stowe M.).

(b) iniquity, obliquity, deception, injustice; perversion, error : inda leu som nis roissed imned na erchrae dogrés a soinmigi a cloinaib `though they are wicked', Ml. 39c34 (cf. Pedersen, ZCP ii 379 ). ara tintarrad ō chlóen / tūatha Hérenn do bethu `from iniquity', Thes. ii 314.1 ( Hy. ii 18 ). tír . . . / inná ráiter gó ná cloen, LU 3742 ( SCC 34 ). etarscara fri cach claen `severance from every obliquity', Laws v 118.7 . dia scarad fri clóen fri col, Metr. Dinds. ii 14.72 . ar cech óen ro chí / a chlóen for bith ché `his wrongdoing', Murphy Lyrics 27.6 = a chin, ACL iii 232 § 6 . bī-siu do rēir Chrīst cen claon, 313 § 9 . dia mbat rī bit rīghcerdach / ní oirdni nach claen , 314 § 30 . bothan derrit diamarda / do dilgud gach claoin, Ériu i 138.3 . ní bhí claon na cheirt-bhreathaibh, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxi 9 . gan claon n-agra tar eolus `without partiality of argument in violation of fact', Content. viii 7 .

(c) Very common in names of metrical faults in the sense of any departure from the correct form: na lochta is coitc[h]eand teagaid in gach aisdi don dan .i. c.¤ comhardudh ┐ c.¤ uaitne ┐ ataid na claenreanda romhaind . . . ┐ c.¤ airmh[e] ┐ c.¤ airde ┐ c.¤ comhaimsearda ┐ c.¤ crichadh loc[h]tach ┐ dunadh loc[h]tach, IGT Met. Faults § 1 . trefhocul gan chlaen dona trí claenaib .i. c.¤ creiti .i. . . . c.¤ cuibdiusa . . . c.¤ ceille, O'Curry 1031 ( H 3.18, 433 ). Cf. cobfighe celli .i. co rob inunn ciall día nasneis o thosach co diaid in raind .i. na raib claen and, IT iii 30.7 . c.¤ áirme an irregularity in enumerating : c.¤ airmhi, amail ata . . . a tri no cuig no ceathair (because of the perversion of the natural order), IGT Met. Faults § 31 . c.¤ comardud a faulty internal rhyme: c.¤ comhardudh (leg. -daidh? Or claenchomhardadh? ed.), ann seo: Nocho n-oil agh ara orcur / re grain act ge cromthar ceann (i.e. the rhyme between agh and grain is faulty and it is the presence of the `i' in grain that makes it so), § 2 . c.¤ creitte error in the framework of the stanza: c.¤ creite i ndian oireng, amail ata: flaithe niamdha / daine sgiamda cland Conchobair. Lochtach sin, uair ní dleseadh focul beith edir sgiamdha ┐ Conc[h]obhor, § 39 . (On cláen creitte see Stud. Celt. ii 178 .) c.¤ cuibdiusa faulty end-rhyme: [trefhocul] can cloen cuibdiusa. Gabiam la seise soirche / Seotu sochraide soirthe / Ria ndul issin fargge / Gleam ar lessu re n-aidche. .i. soirthe ┐ aidche exemplum, Auraic. 5086 . c.¤ senchais error in historical fact: c.¤ seanc[h]ais, amail ata o Cuind no o Colla no o rRoigh no o Nell no o Duach do dhenaibh do righ d'fearaibh Muman ach duine beas gael riu. O Mogha no o hEmir no o Cais no o Bloid no o Tail do denaibh do dhuine do Leith Cuind acht do dhuine bheas gael riu, IGT Met. Faults § 98 . nir chan gó na c.¤ senchais (sic leg.) riam, MacCarthy 408.8 . c.¤ úaitne error in consonance: c.¤ uaitne, amail ata Bean do gebhadh ara gradh / geal a lamh leabhar a lem. C.¤ uaitne sin ┐ idir lam [leg. gradh] ┐ lem ata, ┐ edhudh claenas re n-ailm, ┐ i lem ata, IGT Met. Faults § 3 .

(d) With other qualifying genitives: airbert cin [cil-]ceill .i. do denum / cen claon ceille, O'Dav. 49 . tuccus cath, gēr c[h]lāon cēille / do fhlaith Temhra a departure from good sense, Ériu ix 178 § 11 . ar fochal-cae, ar claen conair, Laws v 470.27 Comm. saor dhiongbhas claon na córa perversion of justice, DDána 48.28 . gan chláon n-irsi `pervert not my faith', Ériu ix 6.67 . níor áirmheas le claon sligheadh `in perverse method', Content. vi 140 .

(e) Of people, iniquitous, unjust person : oc ingrimmim inna cloen `the persecution of the wicked', Thes. ii 247.14 (Camb.). fri bás inna clóen `of the wicked', 320.1 (Hy. ii 59 ). ni aurfóemha dana na cloen `the gifts of the unjust', O'Dav. 1610 . a claín trúaig . . . ro scáig do gal, LU 8569 ( FB 43 ).

Compds. With nouns. i gcéibh na gclaonalt `curling hair', Aithd. D. 11.6 . bellum for Cloenath, AU an. 704 (see Ériu xiii 176 ). croidhe gan claon-bheart, ZCP v 208.117 (Midn. Court). Attrib. g s. gan cionnta claon-bhirt, 209.180 . in tan no beiredh claonbreith unjust judgement, Laws i 24.13 Comm. (opp. to breth ḟīr). imon cclaoinbhreith rucc Diarmait ar Colom Cille im liubar Findén, AFM i 192.z . breitheamh breabóideach . . . rug claoinbhreath, TSh. 6788 . ¤-chaingen: claenferta í ngaeldais aíndre / claenferta na claencaingne, BB 351b32 . ¤-chéimm: can ethar nā chlōenchēmim / cingid tar cech ler `without . . . a false step', Ériu iii 14 § 5 ('na chlóenchéimmim `in their perverse path', Murphy Lyrics 17.5 ). linfaid cloencheo cairechda / cech rind reil co rian ruided, SR 8095 . le claoinchealgaibh an aidhbhirseōra, Beatha S. F. 1962 . earrla na gclaoinchleacht waving tresses, Magauran 965 . ni ellastar cloenchleir, LU 1002 (ACC) (.i. . . . na cliara ni-dligtecha, `for indligthecha', edd.). ¤-choma unjust stipulation : cisdi coimeta celg . . . ┐ claenchomhad, MR 260.2 . Eoganachta . . . Áni Loch Léin Casel Cloendabair, LL 16124 . ¤-derc (2 derc): an uair éagfair-se . . . / claonfaidh do chlaon-dearc, Keat. Poems 342 . i comarddus na Cloenfertai tuascertchi, LL 3876 . ataat na dí Chloenḟerta fri Ráith Granni aniar, 3877 . ro marbtha uili i Cloenglais, 28840 . Cuilen na cláenglaise, RC xviii 303.8 (Tig.). claonglonna in gille `wicked deeds', Metr. Dinds. iii 58.65 . Cloenloch. Unde nominatur. Cloen mac Iṅgair, LL 22459 . Cath Claenlocha, RC xvii 136.5 (Tig.). a chionnta ┐ a chláonmhianna, Párl. na mB. 3210 . ¤ míl hare (?) : tosessa lais clóenmíla Cernai, LU 6748 (BDD). geis dō clōenmīla Moighe Sainb do tophand 'it was taboo for him to hunt the hares (?) of Mag Sainb', BDC 106.30 . claennadmanna tolla, O'Curry 1069 ( H 3.18, 441 ). ōn chlaenrāith co Cenannas, Fing. R. 732 (? leg. Chlaen-). dul . . . do Cathair na claenratha bodes, Acall. 6387 . 1 -ré (see 1 ré) wicked life : ciambad lonnbrass digal Dé / fornn ba comadas friar cloenré, SR 3618 . (Cf. Lochlann ii 51 .) 2 -ré (see 3, 4, 5 ré) word or verse of five syllables (so called because it cannot be divided into two equal parts): it chōic dīalta fuilet a clōinré, amail rongab fīanamailechar, Corm. Y 447 (p. 37.x) . claenre . . . is a dho ar indara leith ┐ a tri forin leth n-aili, Auraic. 1422 . clóenré dā inso sis: A rí oirdnide / uasail atamhra / bet suairc do comairli / cuairt cen balamna, IT iii 21 § 63 . See Lochlann ii 51 - 2 . ¤-recht (see 1 recht): concertfa c. for iathu Banba, SG 254.29 (rhet.). ¤-rind (see 1 rind) incorrect end-rhyme : c. i ndebide sgailti, amail ata Mor in sgel Don[n]- do dhul / i nErinn is a nAlbain / bedid mna Gaidheal c[h]adh is Gall / ga c[h]aineadh arna comraind. Ataid da c. ann sin .i. c. isin leathrand tosaich . . . edir dul ┐ Albain ata ┐ c. i[n] deridh edir Gall ┐ comraind ata . . ., IGT Met. Faults § 85 . c. i [n]debhi[dhe] imrind, amail ata . . . righ (g s.): Cuirín, fín (a s.): Cuilín, § 86 . rand idir c. ┐ drochgaidhilg Ata triar conchar ag Cund / Niall is Donnc[h]adh is Domnall (i.e. Cund: Domnall is a faulty rhyme but Domnull would be ungrammatical), § 140 . ataid na claenreanda romhaind, § 1 . ¤-ró (see 1 ró): noem in chotaig ni cloenró it was not an excess due to partiality(?), LL 25382 . claon-rosc, Keat. Poems 319 . ¤ṡirite: cidh don cláenṡíridi ṡiabardha mo ṡárugadh do dhenamh, TBC-LL¹ p. 251 n.3 . Cormac a clōen-Temraich sloping Tara, ZCP viii 264 § 22 . ó phór chaithreach claoinTé, DDána 121.32 . ¤tinn d s.?: tug a cainnt dá chlaointinn ghéir `let loose the bitter tongue of his iniquity', Ó Bruad. iii 212.18 . ¤úall (1 úall): cēim cen chlóenúaill ō Dīabul `without wicked pride', Ériu ii 64 § 7 .

With adjj. th'fholt cas claonbhuidhe, DDána 114.25 . Conall Cloentruag t'ainm festa `the wicked wretch', ZCP i 104.18 .

With adjj. derived from nouns. dfheólaibh . . . ccethnatmolt . . . cclaonadharcach, Hugh Roe² 284.15 . Conall Claenbhraigdech Cernach, Cóir Anm. 251 . egoir Calcuis corpthi claenbhreathaigh unjust in judgment, Stair Erc. 2041 . a Shabhdain colaigh, claenbreathaigh, ZCP vi 59.19 . daoine . . . malluighthe claoincheárrdach `having an evil way of life' (Gloss), Párl. na mB. 1835 . Creon claencholach perverse sinful C., TTebe 4655 . cosin cathraig claincolaig, 251 . ¤dairech of bending oak-trees: san adhbha chlaondairigh ós Bóinn bhraoinealaigh, DDána 109.18 . ó Éirne . . . challghloin chlaondoirigh, Ir. Syll. Poetry 74 § 9 . ar a ccorpuibh corpthe cláonmhíanacha having evil desires, Párl. na mB. 2579 . ar Īsa in ḟuilt c[h]laenrāthaigh, ZCP viii 563 §27 . ó chéimniughadh chealgach chlaonrúnach of evil intent, TSh. 8301 .

With verbs. do-s-claencoraigenn icin aclaid `who makes a false representation at the suit', Laws v 462.13 Comm. claonmharbhfaidh mé m'ainmhianta `I shall mortify', Donlevy 190.16 .

With vnn. claonchorrughadh beag suarach don aithrighe, Trompa na bhF. 2433 . ¤díbirciud: drochcostud . . . do chloīndībircthib la drochdaīni, Sc.M² § 17.4 . iomshlán na míorbhuilleadha . . . do chlao[i]ndhéanamh to counterfeit, Trompa na bhF. 2630 . go ndéin an tsúil amharc aindlightheach, ┐ an chluas claoin-éisteacht biassed hearing, TSh. 3039 . gach cosg ┐ claon-mharbhadh na colna `mortification', Donlevy 126.14 .

cláenaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cláenaid or dil.ie/9308
Last Revised: 2019

 

v ( cláen )

I Trans.

(a) bends, inclines, slants, tilts : clóenad clóenfatsa mo cend fair, LU 5183 ( TBC-I¹ 705 ). ro clóenad a thech conda tarla fora lethbeólu, 8382 . acht nib tairrsi do liniter no claentar provided it be not over-filled or tilted (of a ladle), Laws iii 212.12 Comm. conid annsin ro claenta Temuir `became inclined', i 6.14 Comm. ro claenadsom . . . cach mbord . . . don luing `used to strain', TTebe 1995 . in uair do chlaen a chend ┐ tuc a spirut i llaimh a athar, LB 280b42 . ro claen a rosc fora righain `bent his gaze on', Stair Erc. 675 . gur chlaen siar fura dilait é `threw him backward', ZCP vi 34.31 . ē[i]st . . . ┐ claon do cluas (inclina aurem tuam), Aisl. Tond. xxii 3 . an tí chlaonas a chluasa go nach cluinfeadh an reacht = qui declinat aures suas, TSh. 1637 .

(b) brings low, subdues : claentar fir. fadbaidther láith gaili, BDD² 1061 (` bends, perverts ', Gloss.). ro thairngir F. . . . gomadh é C. no claoinfedh an ul-piast uathmar, BNnÉ 125.20 . mór gclach do claonadh many a castle was laid low(?), DDána 91.26 . do claonadh meirge M., 85.26 .

(c) makes crooked; slants : go tard beach dib a neim for mo leth-rosc-sa, gura claen mo shuil, MR 34.12 (poss. intrans. Cf. Keat. Poems 342 below ). h'abhra ná cláon chugam-sa `send no slant looks at me', Ériu ix 8.80 . ? Here: taise nó gur chlaon an gcéibh / ní léir re taobh caise an chúil `till it makes his hair lie down', Magauran 3953 .

(d) Fig. violates, perverts, inclines, leads astray; brings down ; cia rochlainsat in cardes though they had violated (God's) covenant, Rawl. 76a8 (Adam and Eve). nad claen coicert coimdiu Lord who does not pervert decision(?), Laws i 10.17 . ram cloensatar mo pecctha, Laud 610, f. 6b (cited Plummer MS. notes). comēt dam mo chride / . . . . / dūthracht nachat-clāine (? leg. nachid-) may no (evil) desire lead it astray(?), ZCP vi 259 § 5 . cloenbrethach . . . .i. claonaidh a bretha, O'Dav. 690 . claontair gach uaill dá háirde, DDána 121.19 . dá gclaonadh sibh an seanchas `if you pervert facts', Content. vii 11 . cláonuid ar ccláonta ┐ ar miana go nethibh aimsiordha inclines, RSClára f. 156b . In poetry, causes imperfect rhyme (by not employing consonants of corresponding quality): snaidhm gaídhilge agus a glas | créad bhriseas nó créad chláenas 'what causes the binding of pronunciation and its clasp to be imperfect and what causes it to be incorrect?', Celtica xxvii 58 § 1 . guthaighe chláenas go cóir | an comhardadh 'fittingly vowels make rhyme incorrect', Celtica xxvii 58 § 2 . dunadh claen ... idhudh claenas re c[h]eli iad, IGT Met. Faults 145 (on 'Martain' giving imperfect rhyme with 'tangadar'). See also comardad (c).

(e) strays from, renounces, rejects : ag an gcléir do chlaon a gcuing `who rejected their obligation' (of schismatics), Keat. i 60.17 . ó do cláonadh a chuíng chrábha leis an ochtmhadh Hannráoi, Párl. na mB. 3782 .

II Intrans. bends, bows, inclines : ro claon Ere de sin has been brought low, Cog. 262.9 . a chros 'n-ar chlaon a cheann whereon His head drooped, Aithd. D. 58.20 . an uair éagfair-se . . . / claonfaidh do chlaon-dearc will become distorted(?), Keat. Poems 342 . ro-ionnsaigh an cath go cían / dar chláon a c[h]onn [i]s a chíall `were deranged', BS 6.x . do chlaon oireachas Éireann / de sin, DDána 85.27 . Note also: an té chláonas le na shúil `that winketh with the eye', Proverbs x 10 .

Freq. with follg. prep.: claontar ar uathadh, TBC St. 2088 (= cloentar go ar uathad, TBC-LL¹ 2354 ). Cf. do neoch . . . ar nach gclaontaoidhe cath against whom no battle was ever turned, ML 86.17 . cu . . . nach leicedh a omon claenad fora dhliged, ar ni claenad-som for nech ar bhith `fear of him prevented his law from being perverted, for he did no wrong to . . .', Marco P. 126 . a chara ar ar chlaon an bioth (to the Lord), DDána 20.26 . ní chlaon rinn deataigh dá druim (of a house) does not waver, 119.24 . robheag dom chuimhne nár chlaon that have not left my memory, Ó Bruad. iii 212.10 . an farraire stáit go brách dá rígh nár chlaon, Párl. na mB. 2287 . T. . . . / dá cclaon gach dair, Ériu xvi 134 § 39 . do claen R. docum a companach, Fier. 195 . tusa ní claonfa chum lethtruim you will not incline, SG 35.16 . ionnas nach claonmaois dochum peacaidh, Parrth. Anma 569 . scarthain risin slóg saer suthain / nachar chlaen re clethaib, SG 353.6 . do chlaon leam tar a reacht ríogh `inclined to save me, spite of His royal law', Aithd. D. 84.14 . rí caomh isan gcrann céasda / ler chlaon éasga ann uasda towards whom the moon above them bent(?), 56.12 (`faded away'). do bennaigh an Macamh he . . . ┐ do claen o n-a mathair cuigi, Smaointe B. Chr. 808 . mallaighthe an chuidechta chláonus óna n-aithentaibh that deviates, RSClára f.45b . claon ón olc = declina a malo, TSh. 7564 . Luteár nar claon o bhréig, Ó Héodhusa 240.10 . do chlaonadh ó ghrás Dé, Heb. xii 15 .

cláenán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cláenán or dil.ie/9309

 

n ( cláen ) ` perverted little wretch ' (Plummer MS. notes): fer forindit caemdu .i. fer indisis a caemdu discir no derruit ar in mnai .i. claenan, Laws v 134.20 Comm. Cf. O'Dav. 511 . a claenain truaigh, IT i 275 n.3 (cláin, text). Cf. clóan.

cláenrad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cláenrad or dil.ie/9310

 

n ( cláen ): gor mheala an ghéis taobhghlan trom / a sbéis i gclaonradh a clann `waviness' (of hair), Magauran 964 .

claíne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. claíne or dil.ie/9339

 

n , f. ( cláen )

(a) unevenness, crookedness, slant, stoop(?): for fonnad cen chul .i. for carpat cen chlaine, LL 24569 . it é teóra anmi fil for mnaib Ulad .i. cluíne ┐ minde ┐ guille, LU 3256 ( SCC 5 `crookedness', Gloss. a stoop(?) ). gan chaime gan claeine (of a well-aimed cast), IT ii2 139 n. 10 . ges do colladh claine cind `with head inclined', Leb. Cert. 12.9 . an iall gan chlaoine `straight', Aithd. D. 81.7 .

(b) Of eyes, squinting, squint: cua ainm na claine isin tsengaidilc, TBC-I¹ 2611 . cen chloeine na suilib acht amal no betis fri grein, LB 127b42 .

(c) Of hair, waviness(?): meisde th'fholt cam a chlaoine / gan locht ann acht an fhéire `only too lissom is thy wavy hair', Aithd. D. 11.17 . ar chlaoine i gceibh `in the flowing of her hair', Magauran 999 .

(d) the name of a metrical fault (see cláen ): ar lochduibh . . . mur atá cáoiche, no cláoine, IGT Introd. 2.25 .

In n.loc.. Ua Dúnáin Dhomhnaigh Maighe Dá Claoíne, AFM v 1290.y (an. 1507) (`of the two slopes', O'Donovan).

Fig. in moral sense, iniquity, perversion, wickedness; bias; in pl. evil deeds: do cach ceneoli cloine gl. iniquitati, Wb. 3b25 . sóifitir i clóini gl. in omni seductione iniquitatis, 26a21 . hi lloc á cloine gl. in locum . . . iniquitatum suarum, Ml. 28a10 . ni ba cián ṁbete oca cloinib, ibid. arinní gnís in peccad ┐ i mbí . . . in chlóine, 29b11 . con rancatar huaisletaid cloine son gl. ad summum impietatis, 90d20 . ba sab indarbai clóine (of Patrick), Thes. ii 314.6 ( Hy. ii 23 ). scarad frisin clóini, Fél. Ep. 424 . do mórath cecha firinde. Do dinsim cecha clóine, Hib. Min. 327 . do cosc gacha claine, Laws i 8.19 . issed is [ ] leisin cenn, caendirgud a memor don claine for atait `error', iii 34.26 Comm. ní bus dír clóine anything to which (the word) iniquity might be applied(?), Ériu ii 202 § 17 (bes cil ┐rl, v.l.). ar bélaib ríg na claíni (sc. the Devil), LU 2416 . dlighidh claoíne cuindreach iniquity calls for chastisement, Ériu xiii 22.5 . forsna rigu . . . bite co cloine ina pecthaib perversity, PH 6230 . fá fhreagradh a gcúis i gcúirt gan chlaoine, Keat. Poems 916 . ? a ndiuide nó a gciuineas nó a gclaoine, 835 (`disinclination', Gloss.). Attrib. g s. soiri domnaig . . . gan gnim cloini, Anecd. iii 21.5 .

coicert

Cite this: eDIL s.v. coicert or dil.ie/10058

 

Forms: cocart, -art, -ert, con-certa

n ā, f. Earlier cocart. Later also with a d s. -art, -ert.

(a) As vn. of con-certa act of judging, adjusting, correcting : tuailing coicerta noise ┐ breithe `competent to settle', Laws v 98.4 . fria cacairt (: primsacairt), SR 4399 . fri cacart (: sacart), 5463 . do D. . . . ro herbad coceirt a mbreth, LU 9775 . oc cocert breth P., 1300 . nirart lamatar U. a chocert immi, LL 34382 (LMU). age coiccert recht, AFM v 1654.19 .

(b) judgment, decision; correction, emendation (of text): coigeart .i. breitheamhnas, O'Cl. c.¤ .i. comcert indsin im crichaib, O'Curry 220 ( H 3.18, 117 ). in coceirt (a s.). gl. emendationem, Ml. 2a5 . cocart (in ogam), Sg. 193 (Thes. ii xxi). nad claen c.¤ coimdiu, Laws i 10.17 . ba bind mo chocert áni, LU 1303 . sechtmain fri agad bretha ┐ cocerta a cúicid (form ?) `for promulgating judgements and laws', Dinds. 18 . cocerta co feirg, RC xxvi 46 § 238 . dirghe a breth ┐ a choiccert, Hugh Roe² 274.23 . comhtrom a coiccertaibh `impartial in all his decisions', AFM vi 2236.5 .

See coicertad.

comaimserdae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comaimserdae or dil.ie/10613

 

adj io, iā (comaimser): traigid comamserda . . . co cutrummas fo airse ┐ teis `having the same metrical time or length', Goid. 101.44 ( Lib. Hymn. i 64.54 ). claen comhaimsearda an anachronism (a fault in metrics), IGT Met. Faults § 1 . sāraidhther eólus comamserda aice na rie(?) gl. saer comgnē, Anecd. v 26 n. 12 . int Adraist cianaesta comaimserda sin long-lived(?), TTebe 332 (` contemporary ').

comardad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comardad or dil.ie/10745
Last Revised: 2019

 

o vn. of *comardaid (see comardaigid). comardadh, IGT Verbs § 56 .

(a) act of competing, rivalling, emulating, comparing: rivalry, equality (FRI with): c.¤ fris to compete with him (in the matter of the curadmír), LU 8552 ( FB 41 ). nirbó menma lea nech do ch.¤ fría[e], ar ḟebas a crotha ┐ a delba, TTr.² 366 . bátar fir Eirenn co mbladh / gan chogad gan chomardadh rivalry, SG 149.37 . síol Eogain d'argain / ┐ cosc a chomardaig, 65.8 . ar nárab rath Cuinn c.¤ cin comarbus necht, 319.28 (retoiric). comardud Gall friu that the foreigners should rival them, Cog. 188.13 . mac ris nar chóir comhardadh, DDána 84.31 . cúis comhardaidh . . . fris an rígh sin, Dhá Sg. Art. 1513 . righ cúiccidh da ttabharthar comhardadh ionaidh ré Righ Érionn, ITS v 12.15 . Cf. comairdid.

(b) Legal balancing of liability (in case of mutual injuries between two parties) (see Laws Gl. p. 159 f. ) (cf. also comardugad): is ann ata an comarda[d] gin frithe (see frithaigid ff.) an inbaidh do rinne in cedfer fogail ┐ targadh dliged ┐ nir gabadh uadha acht fogail do denam reis ana haighi, O'Curry 1760 ( 23 Q 6, 35 ). is [s]lan don fer deiginach go trian ┐ c.¤ itir in da trian (i.e. in the case of mutual wounding the inflicter of the second wound is immune from one-third of the liability for the injury inflicted by him and the balancing of accounts is made on the basis of the remaining two-thirds), 1759-60 (ibid.). c.¤ itir in da trian, ┐ gidh be dibh ag a mbe an iumarcra icait re ceile, ibid. comardadh eturru (sc. trees etc. left on the land) ┐ in aithgin `an adjustment between these and the compensation', Laws v 500.31 Comm.

(c) Metr. correspondence, rhyme : comarc .i. comardud na filidechtai, Fél.² cxxvi gl. 5 . comharda[dh] slán `correspondentia sana' (Molloy), `Reim' (Thurn.), IT iii 134.24 . comharda briste `correspondentia fracta', 135.z . dligther c.¤ do beith iar bfeudaiph airedhaiph, Auraic. 3822 . aontugud co ndeiliugud amal ata bas ┐ las, ┐ is iar c.¤ n-aircetail ata, 3967 . geangcthnúidh ┐ seantúir cóir do chomhardadh, IGT Introd. § 27 . claen comhardudh (? -daidh, ed.), IGT Metr. Faults § 2 . ag réidhioghadh comhardaidh, Introd. § 28 .

comḟaircsech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comḟaircsech or dil.ie/11124

 

adj (cf. forcsi): rosc corr-glas . . . lais is e claen comfaircsech (of Hector) viewing on all sides(?), BB 427a37 .

commórad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. commórad or dil.ie/11528
Last Revised: 2019

 

vn. of commóraid.

(a) Perh. act of honouring, exalting in: in recht aicnid . . . / boí in Coimdiu 'ca ch.¤ `magnifying it', Metr. Dinds. iv 152.88 . am cheann do chomóradh 'was given preferential treatment over me', Ériu lxiv 162 § 1.7 . na rēgiōin chomhfhoixe ag a chomhmōradh, Fl. Earls 112.25 .

(b) act of helping, furthering, re-inforcing : Críst . . . / . . . dia ch.¤ `prosper him', Metr. Dinds. iv 162.228 . Israelda do chommorad, Alex. 453 . do commorad uilc ┐ anindi chaich dib re chele, TTebe 2743 . T. . . . cona muintir do tocht do chommoradh meic U. to reinforce, AFM iii 546.4 . dochum na heaglaisi corporrdha do chomóradh = reparare (Gloss.), Beatha S. F. 304 .

(c) act of celebrating, holding, waging (of functions, hunts, battles etc.): do chommōrad na selga-sin, Fianaig. 52.5 . do chommóradh oirechtus ┐ aoibhnis, RC xxiii 12.2 . cen cocadh do commórodh (sic), Acall. 2498 v.l. i commorad aig ┐ irgaili leo, Cog. 174.13 . ceann cumdaig ┐ commortha cacha claen-dala, MR 200.23 . gan rí do'n cinel cetna do commoradh caidhche to crown(?), Celt. Rev. iv 12.28 .

(d) act of comparing : ge trom an tuisci ag a comoradh re haer, Ir. Astr. Tr. 12.5 . ní fhédann an tór nó an croistal (sic) a com(h)óradh = cannot equal it, Job xxviii 17 .

con-certa

Cite this: eDIL s.v. con-certa or dil.ie/12015

 

Forms: coicertaid, -aigid, conaicertus, conacertussa, coicert, comchertugad, cocerti

v ( Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 485 ). Later coicertaid, -aigid. Cf. amhail ro chumacertaighis na nethe sin, Ériu xiii 46.3 .

(a) emends (text); corrects (person): conaicert som intintud septien, Ml. 2a6 . conaicertus gl. emendaui, 2a13 . conacertussa gl. emendaueram, 2a1 . in slúag conidn-aicert / in lebrán, Fél. Ep. 105 . dot mhac cecot certa `though you may correct him', Blathm. 233 . coicertu[i]s in dīne ndīan ( John viii 3 ff. ), ZCP x 47.5 .

(b) In general legal sense of adjudicates, gives a decision, awards : a concertat gl. inter se motus conferentes `when they decide', Ml. 129c11 . con-aicert iar bfíorfásaighibh, Ériu xiii 30.12 . con-certfa cæn-recht for iathu B. will promulgate a just law, xvi 83.62 . concertfa fír foraib, LU 8486 `he will adjudge ye truly', Henderson, FB 33 . nochotacertmaim (leg. nó cota-certaim(?), Ed.) `or I decide her case [thus]', Ériu xvi 37.18 . setaib son (leg. fon) ænchoir concerta fenechus fir `on equally just paths Irish Law adjusts the right(?)', BCrólige 66 . Fán na Carpat concerta / etorro is na Cláen-Ferta `marks the limits', Metr. Dinds. i 16.39 . ba se concertaidh (leg. -igh) ar ndrong `ruled', AFM ii 586.20 .

With DO: con-certsat maithi M. dōib .i. Caisel do Ḟ. . . . awarded , Corp. Gen. 207.15 . in fer / concerta do chách who makes decisions, LU 8476 ( FB 33 ). as cuma condocerto / dontí atcechra scéo námho adjudicates impartially, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919, 93 § 25 . coigertuighim nó brethuighim sealbh an tíre . . . daoibh, Leb. Gab.(i) 254 n. 5 .

With breth etc.: concertaim bretha Ulad I pronounce on (correct?) the judgments of the Ulaid, LU 10630 = conceirdim, ZCP v 503.12 . concertaim breithemnacht bais `I pronounce', Laws i 12.24 . ? con-coicertar a mor-breatha isin indsi seo co forceann in betha, Ériu xvi 83.63 . go ro coicceartaidh D. an mbreith noirrdheirc, AFM i 194.2 .

Vn. coicert, comchertugad. Vbl. of necess. cocerti.

corránach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. corránach or dil.ie/12528
Last Revised: 2019

 

adj o, ā (corrán) hooked, curved, projecting : saigead . . . corranach 'barbed', TTebe 4309 . fear aoine is cuinge crábhaidh | oireamh an chroinn chorránaigh 'the ploughman of the curved timber is the man who fasts and fulfills the obligations of piety', Giolla Brighde 250 § 11 . ? ingen druth . . . corrach cladach corranach (sic BB 294b22 ), IT iii 98 § 159 . Freq. in names of metres with verses increased by one or two extra lines: debide scaillte corranach (6 lines), IT iii 69 § 12 . slat brecht corranach bec (8 lines), 92 § 134 . claen creite na sednaighe corranaigi moiri, IGT Metr. Faults§ 46 .

cosnamach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cosnamach or dil.ie/12618

 

Forms: -thach

adj o, ā (cosnam). Also -thach. contentious, valiant; defensive (freq. in alliteration): fiadha cach a coindelg a ceille cosnamhce acht mear no borb to the extent of his litigious reasoning(?), O'Curry 1616 ( 23 Q 6, 6 b ). curaid . . . chosnamacha, LL 31467 ( TTr. 652 ). for bith cham claen cosnumach, CF 89.17 . do chobhair claindi cosnamaigi C., MR 254.14 . comrada ciuine cosnomacha `winning', TTebe 718 . a lámhaibh cosnamhacha, ML 102.10 . an tigherna Cairdionáil Chosnamhuigh = Cardinal protectour, RSClára 128b .

As subst. o, m. contender, defender : in chosnamaig, in chuilig contentious persons, SR 8338 . T. . . . cosnamhthach in chuiccidh defender, AFM ii 954.12 . cosnamhthach L.C. ré Gallaibh, iii 256.5 . cosnamhach tighe Dathī, ZCP viii 221.1 .

crett

Cite this: eDIL s.v. crett or dil.ie/12893
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: creit, creata

n ā, f. later also with n s. creit. g s. creata, Ó Bruad. ii 204.3 . frame, body; trunk. Of framework of chariot: cret urard drésachtach, LU 10216 . úas chret (sic) charpait glinni, 3362 ( SCC 15 ). asnai creiti in charpait, TBC-I¹ 2872 . culgaire creat cairpait, Ériu xvi 65.40 . creta na carpat, TTr.² 1488 . do crettaib na carpat, LL 33468 . a chreit (n s.) a c[h]arpait, TBC-I¹ 2879 . scarad creta (a p.?) cuṅgai etc. (rhet.), LL 13821 . Of cart: for creit chairr, Sc.M² 22c .

Of the human body: da guin tre chreitt cumaiṅg `slender body', TBC-LL² 2810 . áldem de daínib . . . eter chreitt ┐ gasced ┐ chóra ` shape ', 4415 . tuc buille da creat ┐ da con[a]blach, ZCP i 130.6 . ? ní racha mac meic in túata / lat gan a creit súata súas, IGT Decl. ex. 1283 . an creat so i bplé ream ucht, Ó Bruad. ii 28.w . dírgiud creitte (a warrior's feat), see dírgud and cf. dirgis creit and .i. a cend siss ┐ a cosa súas (of beast), RC ix 470.7 . siniudh creite (of animals), Anecd. i 55 § 40 . creat a droma, Feis Tighe Chonáin 421 .

Other applications: cretach (crettu, v.l.) curach `the frameworks of boats', CCath. 2377 . hi creit churaigh, Anecd. i 62.7 . ceannghail tonn re creataibh long timbers , Measgra D. 5.41 . crann mileta mor . . . ┐ c.¤ aircid aici trunk , RC xxvi 138.19 . sís fri creitt na gabla `the stem', TBC-LL² 595 . creta na tighedh ` roofs ', ALC i 224.12 . cret in tighe gl. fenemain in tighi, O'Curry 1321 ( H 3.18, 607b ). creat chuaine ina filed in so 'this is the dog's-body of the poets' UR 112 § 18.1 .

For metr. term cláen creite see cláen .

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