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aingid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aingid or dil.ie/1370

 

Forms: aingid, aincithi, aingess, -anich, -anaich, -anaigh, aingit, nom-ain, -anaig, ainced, -anagar, ainciter, -anais, ainsium, -ain, roanset, -aunastar, -ansed, anus, -ain, -ainset, -anister, -anustar, -ainsiter, -ainsed, -ansitis, r-an-anacht, anacht, ros-anachtatar, anachtae, anachtai, anacul, anachtae, anaig-, ainge, ronaincea, anachar, -aincfe

v Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 456 . Indic. pres. 3 s. aingid, Wb. 1d15 . aincithi (with suff. pron. 3 s.), BDD² 143 . rel. aingess, Trip.² 1659 . -anich, Wb. 16a4, 5 . -anaich, Ériu ii 222.21 . -anaigh, O'Curry 2531 ( Eg. 88 44 ab ). 3 pl. aingit, MU² 1025 . Impv. 2 s. nom-ain, RC vi 175.31 (see GOI § 588 ). -anaig, TBC-I¹ 3640 . 3 s. ainced, Tec. Corm. § 2.15 . Pass. s. -anagar, Metr. Dinds. iv 102.23 . pl. ainciter, BDD² 214 .

Subj. pres. (see Ériu xix 45-6 ) 2 s. -anais, SR 5999 , 6036 . 3 s. (with suff. pron. 1 s.) ainsium, Thes. ii 352.4 . -ain, Thes. ii 303.3 (Hy. i). 3 pl. roanset, Thes. ii 301.3 (Hy. i). Pass. s. -aunastar, RC xii 104 § 150 . Subj. impf. 3 s. -ansed, AU i 202.15 . Fut. (stem indistinguishable from that of subj., see GOI § 662 ). 1 s. anus (anais v.l.), Anecd. ii 67.9 . 3 s. -ain, Wb. 1d1 . 3 pl. -ainset, RC xiv 424 § 45 . Pass. s. -anister, RC xiv 191.z . -anustar, xii 104 § 151 . pl. -ainsiter, ZCP vii 309.12 . Condit. 3 s. -ainsed, SR 5568 . 3 pl. -ansitis, TBC-I¹ 3557 .

Pret. and perf. 3 s. r-an-anacht, Wb. 17d6 . rel. anacht, Thes. ii 303.2 (Hy i). 3 pl. ros-anachtatar, BDD² 696 . Pass. s. anachtae, RC xii 66 § 30 . Pl. anachtai, TBC-I¹ 2775 .

Vn. anacul. Vbl. of necess. anachtae, BDD² 1322 .

Later as weak vb. (stem aing-, anaig-) with ā-subj. 3 s. ainge, LU 3352 ( SCC § 14 ). ronaincea, Lec. Gl. 94 . Pass. anachar, Trip.² 1504 . With b-fut. -aincfe, Ériu i 130.21 . IGT Verbs § 52 .

Saves, protects: ro anacht Día B. God protected B. Trip.² 609 . cén-mair nud[a]-ainsed mairg nodo-géna, BDD² 955 . gudim B. . . . rom áin co cían, LU 3054 . anachta la hAilill ara omunson he was protected by A. because of his fear of the other, TBC-I¹ 2898 . aingi in trúagh thou savest the wretch, ZCP vii 269 § 11 . intí ances in ṁbidbaid issé fessin as bidbu, LL 19061 . da mbetdís fir Erenn cut hanacal orm, nach aineocdáis thú, TBC-LL¹ p. 861 n.2 . dia n-innised neach uaib dam . . . ro ainicfind sib I should spare you, MR 78.23 . an fer atá ar tí na caibden / do bí lá 's do aingedh iad the man who is about to attack the troops there was a time when he used to defend them(?), IGT Decl. ex. 563 . maith an bhuaidh do bhí ar an tslait / na sluaigh is í do anaic (Moses' rod), DDána 74.28 . a.¤ . . . DI, ó protects from: nonanich dia di cach imniud `God protects us from every tribulation', Wb. 16a4 . ronnain amal roanacht / David de manu Gólai, Thes. ii 303.3 (Hy. i). ri rodnanacht . . . ond leoamain, SR 6101 . ainci[d] C. īatt uile / . . . / on trāb dobōi ga celgad, BColm. 90.12 . do ainic mé ón ghuais, Desid. 1284 . a.¤ x ar (for) y protects x against y: aingid imdibe ar bibdamnact rectto `circumcision protects from the condemnation of the Law', Wb. 1d15 . nert . . . nos-ainsed for slúag n-Ammón, SR 5568 . slúag . . . ronn-ain ar cech ṅgábud, Fél. Oct. 29 . aincim ar pēin spiraid / lucht m'inait is m'foirme, ZCP xii 389.5 . créd rosainic hí ar in écc?, vii 303 § 7 . ar Ifreann go n-aince mé, Dán Dé v 43 . fala bud olc ní ḟuigeadh / cara ort dá n-anuigeadh, IGT Verbs ex. 442 . aincidh iad ar spasmus (i.e. wounds, by a medicament), 23 K 42, 438.20 .

With extended meanings. serves, avails: ní anaich a chrothad nach a ḟlescad, acht a nige `it serves not to shake it or beat it' (of a foul garment), Ériu ii 222.21 (= Mon. Tall. 155.1 ). takes care, heeds: ainic leat nach saobh dod chéill ` take care ', Content. xxvii 1 . tabhair súil thart ar gach taoibh / ainic nach claon do chathaoir `take care lest your poet's chair be partial', v 186 . Legal absolves from liability: ach ni conanaig deithbire .i. acht ni ainces a deithbhir turbadha, Laws i 102.8 , 20 Comm. aincit na dethbhire . . . ar dithim, ii 84.16 Comm. is do suidiu condinanaic deithbiri .i. co n-aincend deithbirius a galuir hi, v 198.7 , 200.23 Comm. ? luige na hanaighidh .i. luighe a aenur graid feine ar graid fene eile, O'Curry 693 ( H 3.18, p. 335 ). cia trebaire adsuide diubairt ni anaigither fír níme na minna, O'Curry 264 (ib. 151b).

airbert

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airbert or dil.ie/1622

 

Forms: oirbeart, -irt, -ta, oirbhirt, -e, -a

n f. Inflected partly as i- partly as a-stem, see GOI p. 449 . Later also m. oirbeart (g s. and n p. -irt, -ta) m., IGT Decl. § 25 . oirbhirt (g s. and n p. -e, -a) f. § 42 . Vn. of ar-beir. IGT Verbs § 83 .

(a) act of using, employing, exercising, practising: epscop dobeir ūasalgráda for nech nā bī tūalaing [a] n-airberta eter chrābud ┐ léigend ( i c. ┐ l., LB 11b46 ), Ériu i 218 § 3 . a.¤ bansgál i n-orgain using women in warfare, Cáin Ad. § 52 . In phrase a.¤ gaiscid: robai C. oc a.¤ (airimbert v.l.) gaiscid hi tuaimim a scēith, TBC-I¹ 1507 . combu thúalaing airbirt gascid, LU 1668 . in tan ro scáig do chách a.¤ a gaiscid, BDD² 1090 .

(b) Hence without qualifying word heroic deed, exploit: intan is mac bec dogní in a.¤ ucut who performs that feat of arms, Ériu i 114 § 3 . Alb na na.¤ , LL 21620 . ro molsat uili maithi na Tr. in oirbert ro triallsat praised the undertaking, Aen. 2087 . do ronsat airbirt tenn treorach attempt, Acall. 3408 . gibé oirbheart do-né neach / ní hoirdhearc é gan eineach `whatever exploit one may do', Studies 1924, 244 § 25 . minic do-rinnis-si . . . oirbheart nā budh nār do neach, O'R. Poems 415 . prowess. valour, courage: a uaisle a oirbheart . . . ag díon clú coróna Saghsan, Aithd. D. 25.17 . an t-Alaxandar . . . tanaiste . . . ar oirbert, Cog. 204.6 . gebtaitt . . . cuicced Ulad re nerbert `by prowess', Fen. 276.16 . imarbaidh einigh ┐ engnamha ┐ oirbearta na h-Erenn . . . d'imradh, MR 94.19 . fer co n-a.¤ , SG 18.33 . an tan ráinig Irial san ríoghacht ┐ doghabh oirbheart ┐ arrachtas ré a ais, Keat. ii 1829 . a.¤ .i. treoir, O'Cl.

(c) Of labour in general exertion, effort: roimigh A. lé oirbert féin `by his own effort', Ériu iii 166 § 22 . acht do rachad rea oirbert fein ina tir duthchais, Ann. Conn. 1315.9 . ni ar a n-a.¤ fein tangatar they did not come of their own will, O'Curry 2536 ( Eg. 88, 44(45)d ). oirbert no imram do denam, CF 57 . tús oirbheart ann mar do éirigh when He began to do things (of Christ), Aithd. D. 77.1 . do-ghéan uime mh'oirbheirt féin I will take my own measures about it, DDána 101.28 . Of making preparation: dēna fēin t'a.¤ colēic (of one being banished), Ériu iii 154 § 8 . In phrase a.¤ catha war equipment (cf. airmert): niba hannsa . . . gabail na nelipint sea fria hairbirt catha sin with that(?) war gear, BB 496a24 (IT ii2 101.) ro gabad . . . airberta in catha, Alex. 575 .

(d) act of practising law, pleading: tar a.¤ faesma in spite of protection being pleaded, Laws i 100.8 Comm. ni tathbongar a.¤ la aneolus, O'Curry 418 ( H 3.18, p. 229b ). dia ndernut serbus oc airbiurt, Laws i 296.4 Comm. recht nairberta .i. cin roairde cin roisli, O'Curry 2280 ( Eg. 88 fo. 21(22)a ). cin astad nairberta, O'Curry 813 ( H 3.18, 375b ). astad airberta ┐ a.¤ aoi iarna hastad, O'D. 560 ( H 3.17, c. 439 ). a ha.¤ feichemnais ┐ breithemnais, Laws iii 90.13 Comm. gan airbhert n-imṡena, Ériu xiii 27.29 ( O'Dav. 161 ). tri cumtaig gáisse . . . dagaigni do airbirt, Triads 178 . aigni airberta (special type of pleader), Ir. Recht 46.x . In phrase bérla n-airberta language of pleading(?): cloch, trī anmann lé .i. onn a īarmbērla, cloch a gnāthbērla, cloech a bērla n-airberta ar inní chlōes cach raod, Corm. Y 213 (or in meaning (e)?).

(e) import, use, application of words: bunad ┐ inde ┐ a.¤ conagar don focul is senchus, Laws i 30.y Comm. eitged . . . a a.¤ .i. a eipert fir ani nach [follus .i.] scoth is in focul [budein], co fagabar and trena tur, iii 90.16 Comm. insci .i. scientia (.i. ecna) a bunadh Laitne. Scothenga a a.¤ , Auraic. 571 . fid fundamentum a bunad Laitne fo edh a hinni fotha no fid ae a a.¤ , 763 . atat da aithfeghad for imchomarc .i. imchomarc iar n-inni thoirni ┐ imchomarc iar n-airbhirt nanairbirenn bith, 1895 . airbheart .i. tuigsi no ciall, O'Cl. cumgi airberta (of women), LL 344d34 . Note also: a.¤ .i. aircetal, ut est a.¤ cin [cil-]ceill .i. do denum cen claon ceille, O'Dav. 49 .

(f) In phrase a.¤ biuth (bith) (d s. of 1 bith world, see GOI p. 162 ) act of using, enjoying: a.¤ biuth comlabrae gl. bonorum ussu `the use of speech', Ml. 59a10 . ind erbert biuth gl. ut ipsarum rerum possit illis manere certa profussio uel functio, 68b14 . Esp. of food: ba ṅdílmain dossom a.¤ biuth di thorud a precepte, Wb. 10d14 . cid tol dó a.¤ biuth inna túare, 11b18 . rann aile do airbirt bith doibsom `another part to be eaten by them', 10d18 . oc airbirt biuth coirp Crist, 11b14 . do erbeirt biuth gl. esui, Ml. 20d1 . ind erbert biuth, 61c9 . ar a.¤ bith don crann urgartha . . . .i. ar na.¤ do roinne da bethughadh im chaithem thora[idh] in crainn, O'Curry 1750 ( 23 Q 6, 33 b ). edam .i. airbirt bith .i. edo , Corm. Y 518 . Hence of sustenance, food-supplies: riagail im aon airbirt bith o noin do noin one meal, Laws iii 14.21 Comm. an ccuimge a rabattar d'esbaidh airberta bith, AFM vi 2252.3 . tria aidilge airberta bith do beith for an mbárda in consequence of the warders' needing food, 2140.15 . do cuingheadh . . . airberta bith uirfheóla, Hugh Roe 272.10 (fo. 72a) . ag goid bhar nathardha ┐ bhar nairbherta bith foraibh, 208.26 (fo. 55b) . Note also: cid saill, cid feoil a a.¤ `whether his repast be . . .', Ériu iii 104 § 34 .

Later also use, custom, habit, mode of life: is ar chol dorímther leo dún ar n-a.¤ bith ┐ ar fógnam do dúilib dé, Alex. 925 . fogníatt dia na.¤ bioth ┐ bestatadh, Hugh Roe 178.y (fo. 48a ). ar deismirecht a betha inmedhonaigh, ┐ a a.¤ bith cach laithi, BNnÉ 19 § 42 . airbheart bith .i. beatha, O'Cl. aen airbeirt bith gl. catholicus, O'Curry 91 ( H 3.18, 66 ).

airla

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airla or dil.ie/2158

 

Forms: urla, orla, earla

n m. urla orla earla m., IGT Decl. § 2 . hair of the head, lock, tress; long back hair: urla .i. cīab, Corm. Y 1291 . dechrum .i. urla . . . .i. bearrtha .i. urla, O'Dav. 752 . irla .i. ab arula .i. berrad moga, O'Mulc. 726 . trí maic nad rannat orbai: mac muini ┐ aurlai ┐ ingine fo thrillis `the son of a slave', Triads 152 . o bun [a] irla co clais a chuil, RC xiv 426 § 47 ( LL 12968 ). cóica urla fegbuide ón chluais go cheile dó, TBC-LL¹ 1375 . .l. erla deghbuidi on cluais co céli dó, Acall. 4080 v.l. o hinn a hordan go a erla, 1917 v.l. laoch mór co finne n-erla, Celt. Rev. ii 216.17 . eiric leth fuilt no lan fuilt doib a nurla, Laws iii 354.10 Comm. a chaor bhuadha an earla fhinn (of Mary), A. Ó Dálaigh xii 7 . d'urrlaghaib leabra lanmaiseacha, CF 832 . Of a person: earla claon an chuirp óghdha (of Mary), Measgra D. 49.50 . do seailg fiadh da erla cas that he the curly-haired one may hunt deer, KMMisc. 172 § 24 . Part of a halter: urla gosti, O'Curry 2068 (H. 4.22, p. 67).

1 aithrigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aithrigid or dil.ie/2785
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: athraigid

v Also athraigid. Late form of ad-eirrig and no doubt influenced by aithrige, q.v., see (b) below.

(a) changes, alters, moves (intrans. and trans.) Intrans. rí . . . / asathoil nir' athrucha who did not turn from his purpose, SR 7754 . re lia gcorr do chuir a shlios / . . . / níor aithnidh do chách an cleas / an treas tráth gur aithrigh as until he moved from it i.e. until he arose (of Christ), Dán Dé ix 29 . do athraigh sén catha cloinne Cais an lá sin, AFM v 1572.4 . co natrocadh an seantrom `so that the earth would change', Ir. Astr. Tr. 74.x . do shúil re hanáir nach athraigh / d'fhagháil dúinn i ndaghthaigh Dé, DDána 17.33 . athraigis in teagh . . . go rānic gusin log so, Fl. Earls 116 z . bídh cuid díbh doní etilladh ┐ aithrighius ón tír co céli (= qui vont de region en region), O'Gr. Cat. 213.9 . gur athruigh sé ó bhás gu beathaidh, John v 24 . anaidh ag bhar n-oidibh féin . . . ná hathraighidh, Content. xvi 83 . ? ó ro lessaig Fiacha in Féind / co ro athrígis-si, a Oisséin until you changed(?), Acall. 2492 .

Trans. niaithrégsa he hi céin bam beo, Fél.² li 20 = ni aithreghsa, Fél. Feb. 11 Comm. ro ath[ar]raigh longphort (atharraigh, v.l.), CCath. 1331 . tucc D. an baile sin do Déclan ┐ do athraigh fein a bhaile ass go hionad ele, ITS xvi 12.11 . gabhaid daoine is is díobh mé / an ród aimhréidh as fhaide / athraighid is claon céille / raon athghairid eichréidhe exchange(?), Dán Dé vi 3 . ní hathraighthe asa céim `was not changed from his rank', CCath. 80 . dá mbeith . . . go n-aithreōchainn na sléibhthe, Desid. 4244 . arthaigter co minic iad (of plasters), O'Gr. Cat. 193.4 . go nathruighid a mbeusa, Donlevy xv 5 . ní athróch-sa in téidedhsa, Caithr. Thoirdh. 107.37 . ní aithrigh síon séis mbuinne `the tempest does not alter the note of the stream', Studies 1921, 75 § 14 . ní háithreochthar fréamh a nfíréin, Proverbs xii 3 . áthruigh do chos ó nolc, iv 27 . athruigh uáimse do bhuille, Psalms xxxix 10 . do áthruigh tú mo thúarasdal, Gen. xxxi 41 .

With nouns indicating form, shape, appearance etc.: connách bia aingil . . . nách aithrébadh delbh lé mét in gábaid sin `qui ne change de forme', RC xxiv 382.20 . athrigedh (leg. -idh) an topur sin balad . . . cach aenúair has a different perfume, Maund. 147 . tobur J. athriges dath cacha bliadne cethri húaire, 103 . taom asar athraigh aigneadh, TD 15.3 . Cf. dá haighidh do aithrigh gné, DDána 103.4 . datharruigh a dhealbh `his countenance fell', Gen. iv 5 .

(b) repents: mani (manini MS.) aithriged (leg. aithriget, edd.), Mon. Tall. 128.6 (§ 2) . ro faillsige Dia i fiadnaisi na n-uili pobul corom aithriger-sa, YBL 156b49 . Vn. athrugad

1 amarc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 amarc or dil.ie/3085

 

n o, m. IGT Decl. § 11 .

(a) act of looking at. With obj. gen.: dobhí ag á n-amharc astech looking into the house at them, IT ii2 139 n.2 . ar ndul d'amharc uamha an leómhain, TD 16.37 . In proverbial expressions: seinm cruitte dara ha.¤ playing a harp without being able to see it (of an uncertain friendship), LL 18415 (but see Ériu xx 194 ). béim dar a.¤ a blow from behind, TFerbe 594 . Fig. d'amharc gach othrais . . . dá mbí ar a anam, TSh. 1631 . Cf. is fíorghlaine do shúile na chum uilc damharc, Habakkuk i 13 . Usually with prep. AR: do fhech Maolmuire tairis d'a.¤ ar in muinntir sin, L. Chl. S. 34.27 . ar namharc na dhiaigh ar an dorus, Rel. Celt. ii 190.18 . mar fuair Béacán amharc ar Dhiarmaid `got sight of', Keat. iii 1074 . ré hamharc ar néallaibh nimhe (method of divination), ii 5445 . i n-ēiric na n-amharc claon máiliseach do bheiridis ar fearaibh neamh-phósda, ZCP iv 416.20 . d'éis m'amaraic ar Bhanba, Hackett viii 2 .

(b) faculty of sight: díoth amhairc, Dán Dé xix 13 . dallta focétoir co mbói cen a.¤ , LB 146a20 . amharc . . . shúl, TSh. 7252 . atáim i n-easbhaidh amhoirc, DDána 6.1 . Fig. aiseag amhairc a intinne, TSh. 204 .

(c) object of sight, view, prospect: a.¤ súl is sáimhe `the most delightful prospect', Hy Fiach. 424.7 . amharc aiérach accat, Studies 1920, 261 § 2 . Fig. amharc súl glainḟréimhe Gall `object of the glances' (Edmund Burke), TD 18.31 .

(d) Various: rostenn cen nach n-a.¤ `he harried them, in- visible', Metr. Dinds. iv 74.87 (cheville ?). Críosd ara cubhaidh amharg regard, reverence(?), A. Ó Dálaigh i 7 . a hamharc out of sight, TSh. 5223 . feadh amhairc ón mhúr amach `when just in sight of the rampart', TD 8.9 . gan coimhéadaidh uaibh d'amharc `keeping watch for thee', 19.12 .

cailte

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cailte or dil.ie/7767

 

n , f. (calad) meanness, stinginess, niggardliness : is aigi atat na se maccu mieinich .i. dochell ┐ dibi ┐ diultadh, caillti . . . (of Athairne), RC xxiv 280 § 20 . do-llēce cailti do eslabrai he must replace niggardliness by liberality, ZCP xi 96 § 54 . nēuit ┐ caillti a fail inmusa, iii 450.7 . ? neute .i. c.¤ .i. drochtaige, ut dicitur: corbmac conbuith neoite .i. ro bris for c.¤ , O'Curry 116 ( H 3.18, 73 ). descaid caillti cesachtoige, Anecd. iii 15.15 . ind-imnochta toltanaig (sic leg.) / cen cāilti (sic) cen claon , ACL iii 320 § 95 . nech aines i ndomnuch tri faill no chaillti stinginess, Ériu vii 150.9 . In chevilles: cen chaillti (: airddi) cert, SR 4215 . cāilti (sic) clē sinister hard fate', Fianaig. 46.1 . c.¤ no caillte .i. cruas, O'Cl.

camarsach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. camarsach or dil.ie/8090

 

adj is c.¤ claon 's is craobhach crath-úrlach (of hair), Keat. Poems 65 ` twisted, curled ', Gloss. Dinneen . Cf. 1 camm.

1 camm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 camm or dil.ie/8094
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: Cam-achaid, cammchranna, cammderc

adj o, ā IGT Decl. § 40 (bean cham). c.¤ a cammpiclo .i. ō cecht arathair, O'Mulc. 205 .

I

(a) crooked, bent, curved, twisted : honaib crichaib cammaib gl. obliquis sulcis, Ml. 2a7 . conair cham winding, Ériu xiii 14.23 . ar crandaibh camaibh corraibh, IT iii 86.y . trí cloidmi cama caela curved, Leb. Cert.² 566 . benn cham chrom, ACL iii 307 § 20 . a gcornuibh cama, O'R. Poems 2510 . i n-a raon cham, Dán Dé xxiii 4 . ná fuabraid fáisdine beoil / ná ésgaid chaim crescent moon, Caithr. Thoirdh. 19.33 .

(b) Of persons and personal characteristics: sron cham, FB 37 Eg. ( IT i 271.28 ). cainti cam, IT iii 84 § 73 . ní thuca in cóil ngairit, osí c[h].¤ ḟinnfadach (of woman), ZCP viii 112.28 . C. cláen c.¤ , LL 1400 . F. C. .i. claon a rosc. Gorm. Apr. 7 n. Colmán Cam, ALC i 38.28 = Colman Caech, AFM ii 834.12 . quies Cuain Caimb, AU i 210.5 . cusna findchoelanaib cammaib gl. cum tortuosis intestinis, Gild. Lor. 229 . a géag-dhlaoidh cham wavy, curly , Keat. Poems 89 .

(c) Of abstract notions: hon torund chaum gl. oblica significatione, Ml. 55a9 . bainne do chēill chaimm. Rawl. 163a25 . bretha camma false judgements, ZCP viii 196.3 . cen mebail cen meiṅg / cen debaid mad cam `no strife in a crooked cause', KMMisc. 274 § 64 . coindealg comairle nach cam, Metr. Gl. Ff. 10 . tagra cam, Luc. Fid. 4777 . gach tīr bidh cam a coimhēd `treacherous', Ériu xviii 68 § 49 .

(d) In chevilles: cen glór c.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 278.41 . ní hiúl cam, DDána 30.14 . atchíther ní cam / ra ríg ríchid rind, LU 9893 . ní cam libh, Keat. i 190.27 .

Superl. an chlí do ba choime cor, Aithd. D. 50.27 . Adv. is cam dochóidh cridhe an pheacthaigh, Dán Dé xxxi 21 . táinnig cám mar bhachaill di, gé bhí díreach aig dul uirthe (the rod) came crooked like a crozier from it (i.e. the fire), ZCP ii 550.z .

II As subst. o: im cam Coraind (sic leg.) (a goblet), AU ii 226.7 = AFM iii 110.3 . a ch.¤ ┐ a dírioch (of a tree), Ériu xiv 158 § 21 . In abstr. sense crookedness, perversity, injustice; flaw, fault : arna roib cam .i. cin claen dona claenaib, O'D. 1222 (H 2.15, 86b). cam dhí doba dodhénta (of monastic enclosure), IGT Decl. ex. 1282 . ceartaigh mo ch.¤ `straighten my crookedness', Aithd. D. 89.19 . cuirfed a negar rann . . . / gan cham don dregan, Rel. Celt. ii 286.21 . mo cham . . . do dhíorghadh `perversity', PBocht 22.30 . gan cham 'n-a chomhdaibh `flaw'. O'Rah. 130.158 . gach cam do-chír, Hackett² xxix 5 . nār lēigis . . . cam do chaithemh re cōir you did not allow injustice to triumph, ML² 1368 .

Compds. With nouns. Cam-achaid, Gorm. Mar. 31 n. tanagas a Ciaraighibh / robo loor a cambuirbe perverse boorishness, IT iii 89.8 . lena gcaimchialluibh fein, Luc. Fid. 3882 . i gCath Camchluana, Keat. iii 1824 . araid camchnama dóib (of joint of meat), YBL 418 . cam-cnaim saillte, Laws v 40.13 . do reir a gcamchomhairle fein, Luc. Fid. 4001 . tar chladhaibh . . . cam-charadh (cora), CF² 1157 . an Cam-corn (a goblet), Ériu ii 186.19 . cammchranna gl. trabes (of ships), Sg. 189a1 . camchúl cladhdhlúth (of lady's hair), Hackett² xxiii 3 . ná bī dá cheilt léd chamdhán, Content. xxiv 23 . on chamdeicsin do-n-gniat `the crooked look', Ml. 55a8 . cammderc gl. Strabo, Sg. 63a4 . 70b8 . Cf. Études Celt. xi 129 . Aed Caimdherc .i. derc chlaen bhaí aci, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 34.5 . camdhúain bhaird `competitive lay', KMMisc. 170.21 . noco choir a cammḟige (of faulty composition of a poem), IT iii 106.24 . a ghiolla(dh) an chaimfhreagraidh, Luc. Fid. 4305 . do camḟolang casbhuarote (fulang), IT iii 92.w . ¤linn in n. loc. see Hog. Onom. ri clerchib na cam-lorg of the twisted croziers, LL 19307 . cosa ar cam-luamain hanging crooked, ML² 1797 . ¤mag in n. loc. see O'Don. Suppl. gad gerinnill / cnap camuilínd (muilenn ?), IT iii 92.z . camnadh (nath) ┐ cáinadh (name of a type of invective), ACL iii 294 § 4 ; 'petulance and upbraiding' Jn. Celt. Stud. ii 103 § 4 . claonnos, camnos perverse custom, O'D. 576 ( H 3.17, 443 ). ¤phlumpad see plumpad. ní cammrad `no crooked speech' (cheville), Gorm. May 9 . do chamraidhte-si, Luc. Fid. 4899 . cid nā dénum dá chammrand ? (see Meyer, RC xii 460 ), MacCongl. 15.24 . dīa n-dernsat in dí chammrand, `when they had a duel in quatrains', 53 . tús is tábhacht ar mbriathar / le cam-rannaibh ní cheileam `crooked verses', Content. xxiv 25 . m. Cormaic Camṡrōin, Corp. Gen. 347.21 . re bhar gcamthagruibh, Luc. Fid. 3209 . in chamthuisil `the oblique cases', Sg. 197a2 . forsnaib camthuislib, 207a6 .

With adjj. in dvandva-compds.: tria cleactaibh camchasa a chinn, TBC St. 4556 `very curly' Gloss. claideb camgorm, Ériu iv 102.9 .

With adjj. derived from nouns freq. referring to parts of the body: Tadhg camchosach O Dálaigh `Bandy-legs', O'Gr. Cat. 354.17 . os sí chamḟinnach. LL 346a9 . an eachlach camgluineach (of Lebarchamm), YBL 177a34 ( BB 257b27 ). fa chrúba . . . caimingnecha, SG 290.31 . cosa . . . cam-ladracha, ML² 1595 . ben chamlāmach chomhdālach, Bruchst. 34 § 80 . an Cammuinélach Ua Baoighill `Wrynecked', AFM iii 322.3 . bualadh an chléirigh cham-shúiligh, TSh. 1171 . Muiris camṡrónach, O'Gr. Cat. 34.21 . Note also: a chlaideb camthuagach catha, TBC-LL¹ 3736 . Taediu chorrach chamlindtech, Acall. 2674 `of the eddying pools', SG ii 170 .

With vb.: gur camlubadar a cloidib, YBL 331b16 .

cil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cil or dil.ie/9073
Last Revised: 2019

 

I As adj. biassed, criminal : c.¤ .i. claon unde lethch.¤ .i. lethchlāen, Corm. Y 318 . c.¤ .i. claen, Lec. Gl. 147 . Metr. Gl. , Eg. 29 . ACC 52 . ciol .i. claon , O'Cl. collúdh col. coimpert ciol, Ériu xiii 23.25 . ro geguin suil Cormaic . . . is de ba lethch.¤ C., Rawl. 134b24 ; 'blind in one eye' Celtica xi 171 § 4 .

II As noun [ā, f. ?] bias, fault : da ainm don chlaoine colaigh `ciol' is `cle', Metr. Gl. D 41 . c.¤ .i. cach der(?) n-indomain, Corm. Y 317 . i lethchil a chundartho .i. uair robo lethclaen an cunrad dorinne 'in the lop-sidedness of his bargain i.e. because the bargain he made was lop-sided', Contract Law 140 § 14 ( CIH iv 1195.14 ). leges do chorpaib cen ch.¤ `blameless' (of attributes of Christ), Blathm. 167 (: anmannaib). cen ch.¤ variant of cen chloene, RC xxvi 30 n.4 . mūadh bochtus c.¤ a comarc (.i. maith benus sé a locht a rand), ZCP v 488 § 9 (of metrical fault) (B. na f.). rád nad c.¤ (: gin) (cheville), Fél. 86.y . foch.¤ n-éca (in rhetoric), Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 10.12 . na derntar isin domnach . . . imrim for ech . . . na ní bes c.¤ , LB 203a54 . tar cremla cile (: Mide) `contrary to a false prophecy' (?), AFM i 162.x . Legal: c.¤ .i. claon no cutruma . . . forgill fo c.¤ mana o cinniud cirt `testimony is biased unless it be from just discrimination', O'Dav. 467 . dosli c.¤ cechaing .i. tuillter . . . dilsi in cinaid uair ro ceimniges a c.¤ a mbas, O'Curry 2097 ( H 4.22, 74a ). caire re tomeas gin ciol a judge impartial in judging, ZCP v 485 § 4 (B. na f.). Also expld. in glossaries as bás death : `ciol' bás, Metr. Gl. D 43 . O'Cl. fodhbh fir chiol, Ériu xiii 20.22 . fodhbh ḟir ch.¤ , 31.4 , quoted O'Dav. 401 s.v. cel .i. bas.

Compd. comdar ferba fulachta fora gruaidib iar cilbrethaib `so that blisters were suffered on his cheeks after (having passed) wrong judgements', Celtica vi 227.z = turcbait ferba fora gruadaib iar cílbrethaib, LU 791 ( ACC 52 ).

cláen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cláen or dil.ie/9306
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: Cuilín

adj o, ā

I

(a) uneven, crooked, sloping; aslant, bending, stooped; curving, curved : dosroraind . . . cona deilg. Sīa īarom rosīacht a dealg ūaithe sair a bēlaib oldās dar a hais sīar. Is aire is clōen ind less, Corm. Y 502 . clóen ind ráth dind leith adiu, RC xiii 462 § 65 . in chuirn chláoin curved(?), IGT Decl. ex. 356 . a bheith claon nochar chás duid `its laying low troubled thee not' (of a severed head), PBocht 14.35 . ? Fig. mo chiall ata claon , Atlantis iv 180.31 .

(b) Freq. of hair waving (?) flowing (?): folt claon , DDána 96.33 . ciabh dhaghcruinn n-a cuaichleirg claoin, Magauran 1001 . is camarsach claon . . . / a carn-ḟolt, Keat. Poems 65 .

(c) Of eyes, squinting: Finan Cam . . . .i. cloen a rosc, Fél. 112.23 , Gorm. Apr. 7n. dā mac imleasan . . . ┐ sīat clǣna, TBC-I¹ 2612 . gura bhris in suil claein, MR 36.13 .

As epithet: a trian ro charsat Conall Cloen batis cloín cot acallaim, LL 13522 (Thurn., ZCP viii 72 ff. q.v., would translate hump-backed ). Conghal Caoch, no Claon , AFM an. 624 . co tard beach . . . a neim for mo leth-rosc-sa, gura claen mo ṡuil. Congal C. mo ainm ar sin, MR 34.12 . an Giolla claon Ua Ciardha, tigherna Coirpri, AFM ii 1092.11 .

(d) In moral sense, iniquitous, perverse, unjust, biassed: cil .i. claon no cutruma, O'Dav. 467 (? leg. écutrumma). nate ni clóin gl. (numquid iniquitas apud Deum?) Absit, Wb. 4c17 . in miscuis clóin, Ml. 46d10 . inna mbritheman cloin, 103b17 (brithem, MS.). adbar inna combartae cloine, 71c6 . is gó flatha do-ber sína saíba for tūatha clóena. ZCP xi 82 § 25 . scítha láma indrosc (sic leg.?) cloína unjust demands(?), LU 10884 (TE rhet.). ingena cloína Cain, LL 17437 . nírbat santa[ch] immun mbith / nō for ind nim (leg. indiub) chlóen, ACL iii 312 § 6 (indium, in nem, v.ll.). gan beith fa chomadaib claena `unjust conditions', MR 120.26 . freasdal a gcor gclaon `crooked wiles', Aithd. D. 52.3 . ainic nach claon do chathaoir `lest your poet's chair be partial', Content. v 186 .

(e) c.¤ fri (chum, do) prone to, inclined to: atá ar gcolann claon ré déanamh an uilc = prona est ad malum, TSh. 2916 . an drong beirthear faoi stiúradh na plainéide so bíd . . . geala, claon chum beith fionnchrothacha, Corp. Astron. 70.8 . biaidh an bhliadhain sin claon chum síothchána, 3 . na peacaidhe is mó d'a bhfuilmíd claon, nó tugtha, Donlevy 270.24 . atá sí laig-bhrígheach ┐ claon chum uilc, 210.26 .

(f) In metrics, uneven; without accordance, imperfect : is airi didiu asberar clōinrē, fobīth is clōen ma doberthar um nī, ūair it troma a trī oldati a dóu, ar it chōic dīalta fuilet a clōinré, amail rongab fīanamailechar, Corm. Y 447 (p. 37.21) . dunadh c.¤, amail ata . . . ar Muiri ┐ ar Martain (final line of a poem which began with `tangadar'. -tain does not adequately echo tan- therefore the conclusion is c.¤ or lochtach), IGT Met. Faults § 145 . áenghuthaighe is í fa dhó ... bidh cláen 'the same vowel occurring twice ... it will be incorrect', Celtica xxvii 58 § 3 . See also cláenaid and comardad (c).

Adv. in fer fodrácaib co claen the man who has left it crooked, uneven (of a house), LU 8391 ( FB 26 ) (opp. to co diriuch). is amlaidh ata Stodiaca gu claen ┐ an speir lan mor go direach, Ir. Astr. Tr. 126.13 . an tṡlat iarainn ṡaighes go claon `which goeth ouerthwart', RSClára 125a .

II As subst. o, m.

(a) stoop, slope, slant, inclination : sleagh do chur 'na chroidhe, / claon do bheith 'na bhrághaid (of Our Lord), Ir. Syll. Poetry 36 § 17 . do filleadh call tar a chláon, IGT Decl. ex. 910 . is binne donál na bhfaol / ná gach claon chuireas tú id ghuth (to a snoring bed-fellow) every twist(?), Measgra D. 5.24 . for c.¤ slanting, inclined : is for clóen in pars ochtarach for laim clii `the upper part is inclined on the left hand', Thes. ii 254.19 (Stowe M.).

(b) iniquity, obliquity, deception, injustice; perversion, error : inda leu som nis roissed imned na erchrae dogrés a soinmigi a cloinaib `though they are wicked', Ml. 39c34 (cf. Pedersen, ZCP ii 379 ). ara tintarrad ō chlóen / tūatha Hérenn do bethu `from iniquity', Thes. ii 314.1 ( Hy. ii 18 ). tír . . . / inná ráiter gó ná cloen, LU 3742 ( SCC 34 ). etarscara fri cach claen `severance from every obliquity', Laws v 118.7 . dia scarad fri clóen fri col, Metr. Dinds. ii 14.72 . ar cech óen ro chí / a chlóen for bith ché `his wrongdoing', Murphy Lyrics 27.6 = a chin, ACL iii 232 § 6 . bī-siu do rēir Chrīst cen claon , 313 § 9 . dia mbat rī bit rīghcerdach / ní oirdni nach claen, 314 § 30 . bothan derrit diamarda / do dilgud gach claoin, Ériu i 138.3 . ní bhí claon na cheirt-bhreathaibh, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxi 9 . gan claon n-agra tar eolus `without partiality of argument in violation of fact', Content. viii 7 .

(c) Very common in names of metrical faults in the sense of any departure from the correct form: na lochta is coitc[h]eand teagaid in gach aisdi don dan .i. c.¤ comhardudh ┐ c.¤ uaitne ┐ ataid na claenreanda romhaind . . . ┐ c.¤ airmh[e] ┐ c.¤ airde ┐ c.¤ comhaimsearda ┐ c.¤ crichadh loc[h]tach ┐ dunadh loc[h]tach, IGT Met. Faults § 1 . trefhocul gan chlaen dona trí claenaib .i. c.¤ creiti .i. . . . c.¤ cuibdiusa . . . c.¤ ceille, O'Curry 1031 ( H 3.18, 433 ). Cf. cobfighe celli .i. co rob inunn ciall día nasneis o thosach co diaid in raind .i. na raib claen and, IT iii 30.7 . c.¤ áirme an irregularity in enumerating : c.¤ airmhi, amail ata . . . a tri no cuig no ceathair (because of the perversion of the natural order), IGT Met. Faults § 31 . c.¤ comardud a faulty internal rhyme: c.¤ comhardudh (leg. -daidh? Or claenchomhardadh? ed.), ann seo: Nocho n-oil agh ara orcur / re grain act ge cromthar ceann (i.e. the rhyme between agh and grain is faulty and it is the presence of the `i' in grain that makes it so), § 2 . c.¤ creitte error in the framework of the stanza: c.¤ creite i ndian oireng, amail ata: flaithe niamdha / daine sgiamda cland Conchobair. Lochtach sin, uair ní dleseadh focul beith edir sgiamdha ┐ Conc[h]obhor, § 39 . (On cláen creitte see Stud. Celt. ii 178 .) c.¤ cuibdiusa faulty end-rhyme: [trefhocul] can cloen cuibdiusa. Gabiam la seise soirche / Seotu sochraide soirthe / Ria ndul issin fargge / Gleam ar lessu re n-aidche. .i. soirthe ┐ aidche exemplum, Auraic. 5086 . c.¤ senchais error in historical fact: c.¤ seanc[h]ais, amail ata o Cuind no o Colla no o rRoigh no o Nell no o Duach do dhenaibh do righ d'fearaibh Muman ach duine beas gael riu. O Mogha no o hEmir no o Cais no o Bloid no o Tail do denaibh do dhuine do Leith Cuind acht do dhuine bheas gael riu, IGT Met. Faults § 98 . nir chan gó na c.¤ senchais (sic leg.) riam, MacCarthy 408.8 . c.¤ úaitne error in consonance: c.¤ uaitne, amail ata Bean do gebhadh ara gradh / geal a lamh leabhar a lem. C.¤ uaitne sin ┐ idir lam [leg. gradh] ┐ lem ata, ┐ edhudh claenas re n-ailm, ┐ i lem ata, IGT Met. Faults § 3 .

(d) With other qualifying genitives: airbert cin [cil-]ceill .i. do denum / cen claon ceille, O'Dav. 49 . tuccus cath, gēr c[h]lāon cēille / do fhlaith Temhra a departure from good sense, Ériu ix 178 § 11 . ar fochal-cae, ar claen conair, Laws v 470.27 Comm. saor dhiongbhas claon na córa perversion of justice, DDána 48.28 . gan chláon n-irsi `pervert not my faith', Ériu ix 6.67 . níor áirmheas le claon sligheadh `in perverse method', Content. vi 140 .

(e) Of people, iniquitous, unjust person : oc ingrimmim inna cloen `the persecution of the wicked', Thes. ii 247.14 (Camb.). fri bás inna clóen `of the wicked', 320.1 (Hy. ii 59 ). ni aurfóemha dana na cloen `the gifts of the unjust', O'Dav. 1610 . a claín trúaig . . . ro scáig do gal, LU 8569 ( FB 43 ).

Compds. With nouns. i gcéibh na gclaonalt `curling hair', Aithd. D. 11.6 . bellum for Cloenath, AU an. 704 (see Ériu xiii 176 ). croidhe gan claon-bheart, ZCP v 208.117 (Midn. Court). Attrib. g s. gan cionnta claon-bhirt, 209.180 . in tan no beiredh claonbreith unjust judgement, Laws i 24.13 Comm. (opp. to breth ḟīr). imon cclaoinbhreith rucc Diarmait ar Colom Cille im liubar Findén, AFM i 192.z . breitheamh breabóideach . . . rug claoinbhreath, TSh. 6788 . ¤-chaingen: claenferta í ngaeldais aíndre / claenferta na claencaingne, BB 351b32 . ¤-chéimm: can ethar nā chlōenchēmim / cingid tar cech ler `without . . . a false step', Ériu iii 14 § 5 ('na chlóenchéimmim `in their perverse path', Murphy Lyrics 17.5 ). linfaid cloencheo cairechda / cech rind reil co rian ruided, SR 8095 . le claoinchealgaibh an aidhbhirseōra, Beatha S. F. 1962 . earrla na gclaoinchleacht waving tresses, Magauran 965 . ni ellastar cloenchleir, LU 1002 (ACC) (.i. . . . na cliara ni-dligtecha, `for indligthecha', edd.). ¤-choma unjust stipulation : cisdi coimeta celg . . . ┐ claenchomhad, MR 260.2 . Eoganachta . . . Áni Loch Léin Casel Cloendabair, LL 16124 . ¤-derc (2 derc): an uair éagfair-se . . . / claonfaidh do chlaon-dearc, Keat. Poems 342 . i comarddus na Cloenfertai tuascertchi, LL 3876 . ataat na dí Chloenḟerta fri Ráith Granni aniar, 3877 . ro marbtha uili i Cloenglais, 28840 . Cuilen na cláenglaise, RC xviii 303.8 (Tig.). claonglonna in gille `wicked deeds', Metr. Dinds. iii 58.65 . Cloenloch. Unde nominatur. Cloen mac Iṅgair, LL 22459 . Cath Claenlocha, RC xvii 136.5 (Tig.). a chionnta ┐ a chláonmhianna, Párl. na mB. 3210 . ¤ míl hare (?) : tosessa lais clóenmíla Cernai, LU 6748 (BDD). geis dō clōenmīla Moighe Sainb do tophand 'it was taboo for him to hunt the hares (?) of Mag Sainb', BDC 106.30 . claennadmanna tolla, O'Curry 1069 ( H 3.18, 441 ). ōn chlaenrāith co Cenannas, Fing. R. 732 (? leg. Chlaen-). dul . . . do Cathair na claenratha bodes, Acall. 6387 . 1 -ré (see 1 ré) wicked life : ciambad lonnbrass digal Dé / fornn ba comadas friar cloenré, SR 3618 . (Cf. Lochlann ii 51 .) 2 -ré (see 3, 4, 5 ré) word or verse of five syllables (so called because it cannot be divided into two equal parts): it chōic dīalta fuilet a clōinré, amail rongab fīanamailechar, Corm. Y 447 (p. 37.x) . claenre . . . is a dho ar indara leith ┐ a tri forin leth n-aili, Auraic. 1422 . clóenré dā inso sis: A rí oirdnide / uasail atamhra / bet suairc do comairli / cuairt cen balamna, IT iii 21 § 63 . See Lochlann ii 51 - 2 . ¤-recht (see 1 recht): concertfa c. for iathu Banba, SG 254.29 (rhet.). ¤-rind (see 1 rind) incorrect end-rhyme : c. i ndebide sgailti, amail ata Mor in sgel Don[n]- do dhul / i nErinn is a nAlbain / bedid mna Gaidheal c[h]adh is Gall / ga c[h]aineadh arna comraind. Ataid da c. ann sin .i. c. isin leathrand tosaich . . . edir dul ┐ Albain ata ┐ c. i[n] deridh edir Gall ┐ comraind ata . . ., IGT Met. Faults § 85 . c. i [n]debhi[dhe] imrind, amail ata . . . righ (g s.): Cuirín, fín (a s.): Cuilín, § 86 . rand idir c. ┐ drochgaidhilg Ata triar conchar ag Cund / Niall is Donnc[h]adh is Domnall (i.e. Cund: Domnall is a faulty rhyme but Domnull would be ungrammatical), § 140 . ataid na claenreanda romhaind, § 1 . ¤-ró (see 1 ró): noem in chotaig ni cloenró it was not an excess due to partiality(?), LL 25382 . claon-rosc, Keat. Poems 319 . ¤ṡirite: cidh don cláenṡíridi ṡiabardha mo ṡárugadh do dhenamh, TBC-LL¹ p. 251 n.3 . Cormac a clōen-Temraich sloping Tara, ZCP viii 264 § 22 . ó phór chaithreach claoinTé, DDána 121.32 . ¤tinn d s.?: tug a cainnt dá chlaointinn ghéir `let loose the bitter tongue of his iniquity', Ó Bruad. iii 212.18 . ¤úall (1 úall): cēim cen chlóenúaill ō Dīabul `without wicked pride', Ériu ii 64 § 7 .

With adjj. th'fholt cas claonbhuidhe, DDána 114.25 . Conall Cloentruag t'ainm festa `the wicked wretch', ZCP i 104.18 .

With adjj. derived from nouns. dfheólaibh . . . ccethnatmolt . . . cclaonadharcach, Hugh Roe² 284.15 . Conall Claenbhraigdech Cernach, Cóir Anm. 251 . egoir Calcuis corpthi claenbhreathaigh unjust in judgment, Stair Erc. 2041 . a Shabhdain colaigh, claenbreathaigh, ZCP vi 59.19 . daoine . . . malluighthe claoincheárrdach `having an evil way of life' (Gloss), Párl. na mB. 1835 . Creon claencholach perverse sinful C., TTebe 4655 . cosin cathraig claincolaig, 251 . ¤dairech of bending oak-trees: san adhbha chlaondairigh ós Bóinn bhraoinealaigh, DDána 109.18 . ó Éirne . . . challghloin chlaondoirigh, Ir. Syll. Poetry 74 § 9 . ar a ccorpuibh corpthe cláonmhíanacha having evil desires, Párl. na mB. 2579 . ar Īsa in ḟuilt c[h]laenrāthaigh, ZCP viii 563 §27 . ó chéimniughadh chealgach chlaonrúnach of evil intent, TSh. 8301 .

With verbs. do-s-claencoraigenn icin aclaid `who makes a false representation at the suit', Laws v 462.13 Comm. claonmharbhfaidh mé m'ainmhianta `I shall mortify', Donlevy 190.16 .

With vnn. claonchorrughadh beag suarach don aithrighe, Trompa na bhF. 2433 . ¤díbirciud: drochcostud . . . do chloīndībircthib la drochdaīni, Sc.M² § 17.4 . iomshlán na míorbhuilleadha . . . do chlao[i]ndhéanamh to counterfeit, Trompa na bhF. 2630 . go ndéin an tsúil amharc aindlightheach, ┐ an chluas claoin-éisteacht biassed hearing, TSh. 3039 . gach cosg ┐ claon-mharbhadh na colna `mortification', Donlevy 126.14 .

cláenaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cláenaid or dil.ie/9308
Last Revised: 2019

 

v (cláen)

I Trans.

(a) bends, inclines, slants, tilts : clóenad clóenfatsa mo cend fair, LU 5183 ( TBC-I¹ 705 ). ro clóenad a thech conda tarla fora lethbeólu, 8382 . acht nib tairrsi do liniter no claentar provided it be not over-filled or tilted (of a ladle), Laws iii 212.12 Comm. conid annsin ro claenta Temuir `became inclined', i 6.14 Comm. ro claenadsom . . . cach mbord . . . don luing `used to strain', TTebe 1995 . in uair do chlaen a chend ┐ tuc a spirut i llaimh a athar, LB 280b42 . ro claen a rosc fora righain `bent his gaze on', Stair Erc. 675 . gur chlaen siar fura dilait é `threw him backward', ZCP vi 34.31 . ē[i]st . . . ┐ claon do cluas (inclina aurem tuam), Aisl. Tond. xxii 3 . an tí chlaonas a chluasa go nach cluinfeadh an reacht = qui declinat aures suas, TSh. 1637 .

(b) brings low, subdues : claentar fir. fadbaidther láith gaili, BDD² 1061 (` bends, perverts ', Gloss.). ro thairngir F. . . . gomadh é C. no claoinfedh an ul-piast uathmar, BNnÉ 125.20 . mór gclach do claonadh many a castle was laid low(?), DDána 91.26 . do claonadh meirge M., 85.26 .

(c) makes crooked; slants : go tard beach dib a neim for mo leth-rosc-sa, gura claen mo shuil, MR 34.12 (poss. intrans. Cf. Keat. Poems 342 below ). h'abhra ná cláon chugam-sa `send no slant looks at me', Ériu ix 8.80 . ? Here: taise nó gur chlaon an gcéibh / ní léir re taobh caise an chúil `till it makes his hair lie down', Magauran 3953 .

(d) Fig. violates, perverts, inclines, leads astray; brings down ; cia rochlainsat in cardes though they had violated (God's) covenant, Rawl. 76a8 (Adam and Eve). nad claen coicert coimdiu Lord who does not pervert decision(?), Laws i 10.17 . ram cloensatar mo pecctha, Laud 610, f. 6b (cited Plummer MS. notes). comēt dam mo chride / . . . . / dūthracht nachat-clāine (? leg. nachid-) may no (evil) desire lead it astray(?), ZCP vi 259 § 5 . cloenbrethach . . . .i. claonaidh a bretha, O'Dav. 690 . claontair gach uaill dá háirde, DDána 121.19 . dá gclaonadh sibh an seanchas `if you pervert facts', Content. vii 11 . cláonuid ar ccláonta ┐ ar miana go nethibh aimsiordha inclines, RSClára f. 156b . In poetry, causes imperfect rhyme (by not employing consonants of corresponding quality): snaidhm gaídhilge agus a glas | créad bhriseas nó créad chláenas 'what causes the binding of pronunciation and its clasp to be imperfect and what causes it to be incorrect?', Celtica xxvii 58 § 1 . guthaighe chláenas go cóir | an comhardadh 'fittingly vowels make rhyme incorrect', Celtica xxvii 58 § 2 . dunadh claen ... idhudh claenas re c[h]eli iad, IGT Met. Faults 145 (on 'Martain' giving imperfect rhyme with 'tangadar'). See also comardad (c).

(e) strays from, renounces, rejects : ag an gcléir do chlaon a gcuing `who rejected their obligation' (of schismatics), Keat. i 60.17 . ó do cláonadh a chuíng chrábha leis an ochtmhadh Hannráoi, Párl. na mB. 3782 .

II Intrans. bends, bows, inclines : ro claon Ere de sin has been brought low, Cog. 262.9 . a chros 'n-ar chlaon a cheann whereon His head drooped, Aithd. D. 58.20 . an uair éagfair-se . . . / claonfaidh do chlaon-dearc will become distorted(?), Keat. Poems 342 . ro-ionnsaigh an cath go cían / dar chláon a c[h]onn [i]s a chíall `were deranged', BS 6.x . do chlaon oireachas Éireann / de sin, DDána 85.27 . Note also: an té chláonas le na shúil `that winketh with the eye', Proverbs x 10 .

Freq. with follg. prep.: claontar ar uathadh, TBC St. 2088 (= cloentar go ar uathad, TBC-LL¹ 2354 ). Cf. do neoch . . . ar nach gclaontaoidhe cath against whom no battle was ever turned, ML 86.17 . cu . . . nach leicedh a omon claenad fora dhliged, ar ni claenad-som for nech ar bhith `fear of him prevented his law from being perverted, for he did no wrong to . . .', Marco P. 126 . a chara ar ar chlaon an bioth (to the Lord), DDána 20.26 . ní chlaon rinn deataigh dá druim (of a house) does not waver, 119.24 . robheag dom chuimhne nár chlaon that have not left my memory, Ó Bruad. iii 212.10 . an farraire stáit go brách dá rígh nár chlaon, Párl. na mB. 2287 . T. . . . / dá cclaon gach dair, Ériu xvi 134 § 39 . do claen R. docum a companach, Fier. 195 . tusa ní claonfa chum lethtruim you will not incline, SG 35.16 . ionnas nach claonmaois dochum peacaidh, Parrth. Anma 569 . scarthain risin slóg saer suthain / nachar chlaen re clethaib, SG 353.6 . do chlaon leam tar a reacht ríogh `inclined to save me, spite of His royal law', Aithd. D. 84.14 . rí caomh isan gcrann céasda / ler chlaon éasga ann uasda towards whom the moon above them bent(?), 56.12 (`faded away'). do bennaigh an Macamh he . . . ┐ do claen o n-a mathair cuigi, Smaointe B. Chr. 808 . mallaighthe an chuidechta chláonus óna n-aithentaibh that deviates, RSClára f.45b . claon ón olc = declina a malo, TSh. 7564 . Luteár nar claon o bhréig, Ó Héodhusa 240.10 . do chlaonadh ó ghrás Dé, Heb. xii 15 .

clé

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clé or dil.ie/9397
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: clí, clé, clii, clí, clé, clí, chlīu, chlí, cléa, cléi

adj io, iā. lámh chlé . . . (lámh chlí lochtach), IGT Decl. § 139 . n s. f. lám chlíí, PH 5950 . a s f. clí, 523 . g s m. in chatha clé , LL 364 . g s f. a lama clii , Laws v 80.3 Comm. do riged clí , TBC-LL¹ 46 . na righedh clé , Stair Erc. 352 . láime clí , IGT Decl. ex. 1933 . d s m. for clār chlīu , Corp. Gen. 281.12 . d s f. for laim chlí , Thes. ii 13.31 ( BCr. 19c3 ). n pl. a llamha cléa , CCath. 6140 . d pl. ina lámaib cléi , TFerbe 237 . See GOI p. 61 .

I

(a) left : cle gl. sinister , Ir. Gl. 387 . clē a clypeo (, clepio MS.), Corm. Y 225 . clae a clepio , O'Mulc. 215 . maraid slicht inna bachla in a leith clíu, Lat. Lives 52.8 . cepp ina láim chlí . . . bíail ina láim deis, LU 9190 ( FB 91 ). dofil in carpat . . . ┐ dorala clār clē frind (an insult or challenge), TBC-I¹ 1192 ( LU 5668 ). tossoísom iarom clár c.¤ a carpait fri hEmain, LU 5194 (TBC). ardaslig tar fonnad c.¤ / cotagoin in ríastarthe, 4574 (TBC). tuc-sam a glun c.¤ rissin carpat, Acall. 6940 . colg dét iarna chossliasait chlí, TBC-LL¹ 5288 . tuc a ulli ch.¤ fáe i Taltin (implication not clear), 4641 . tonindnaig ind ammait leithi in chon dó assa laim chlí (to bring misfortune upon him), LL 13890 . dul ar an dtaoibh gc.¤ `to be condemned on the Day of Judgment', Dánfhocail 48 . docomhlat as . . . laimh clí frisan loch, Hugh Roe² 64.9 ( láimh clé, 60.29 ). beannacht na láimhe clí do M., TSh. 9909 (regarded as less efficacious than beannacht na láimhe deise, 9908 ). ar an láimh ndeis ná ar a' láimh cclí, Párl. na mB. 2041 .

(b) Fig. malign, inauspicious, ill-omened, sinister; bad, perverse: c.¤ .i. cláon , O'Cl. da ainm don chlaoine colaigh / `ciol' is `cle', Metr. Gl. 28 § 41 . a ḟlaith Cermna can ni c.¤ `without partiality', LL 23250 ( CRR 54 ). aided ind Ḟind chétna ch.¤ / la Sétna perverse(?), LL 14931 . luid uadib cen chísal c.¤ / co tísad afrithise `without wrongful offence(?)', Metr. Dinds. ii 28.39 . robo c.¤ mana in marc-ṡluag `that array of steeds was an evil omen', iv 128.68 . Hence: c.¤ .i. olc. c.¤ mhana .i. olc, urchóid no adgall, O'Cl. (who seems to regard it as a compd but mana: braga). Cf. cle is mana fort a Chithruadh, BLism. 1731b17 . beith 'ga cāi robad clē dam, / ō do bī toil Dē 'na dul I should do wrong to mourn him, ZCP vii 303 § 6 . cathugud ceilgi as clē dūind / ┐ mē fa meirgi in Rīg, ACL iii 237 § 30 (`dangerous', Aithd. D. 62 ). iarsin curp cle-su `after this wayward body', Ériu xix 12 § 6 . do chath-cliu na Conallach, MR 188.8 . fa taom c.¤ anadh re hágh `a perilous act', Celtica ii 169 § 48 . acsin [saer]chlanna Dairi / ní comhairemh c.¤ no wrong estimation(?), Miscell. Celt. Soc. 32.9 . sén Dé duit is dúin-ne / ní c.¤ duit ar nduain-ne not inauspicious (inaugural ode to chief), Caithr. Thoirdh. 31.22 . don phubal is c.¤ do chosc / an té thugadh dá tegusc, IGT Decl. ex. 737 . gidh c.¤ an chúis laghaidh tho' the case for pardon is unfortunate, 20 . an chuideachta ch.¤ `evil com- panions', Aithd. D. 52.9 . gér thréan do ba taom c.¤ an ill-starred effort, 17.33 . an chraobh nachar ch.¤ mbreath `the straight-judging hero', 30 . go fail blodh dib co soirb imcubaid da dainib maithi ┐ blodh co doirb cle . . . da drochdainib inauspicious, Ir. Astr. Tr. 70.14 . modha claona an chreidimh ch.¤ , Keat. Poems 1266 . measuim gur c.¤ an ceart d'áoneach . . . , Párl. na mB. 3683 .

Freq. in chevilles: tuitset na cróeba, nár ch.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 148.7 . Tea, nar ch.¤ / ben Erimóin `never unjust', i 4.31 . Cf. Fen. 54.1 . seólsat curchán, créd nad c.¤ `of flawless metal', Metr. Dinds. ii 30.65 . nī clē, RC xxxvii 347 § 39 . clu nad ch.¤ , xx 44.5 (ACC Comm.). nochar chaingen c.¤ , Mart. Don. 162.11 . ní hiúl c.¤ `'tis no erroneous report', SGS iv 144 § 29 .

II As subst.

(a) left side, left hand : a c.¤ ra Berna M. . . . a ndes ri Slíab nÉ., MU² 262 . ro impa in t-ech a ch.¤ friss, LL 13814 . cf. 13818 . co tuc a c[h]. re Coill Ruaidh, ML² 2066 . na findad do ch.¤ a n-a díngne do deis, PH 6081 .

for (ar) clíu on the left side : claideb . . . bar a chlíu, TBC-LL¹ 2737 . beir mo scíath . . . / . . . / co rraib ar cliu Chormaic Cais, LL 18383 . craeba cailce for a clīu (of a shield), ZCP viii 227 § 1 . sciath mor . . . ar cli cach oen ḟir, Cog. 74.17 .

by the left side, to the left expressed by dat. without prec. prep.: nī rubai neach diib clīu do Āth Firdiad, TBC-I¹ 3429 ; but more frequently by do chlíu: atconnairc M. . . . foscud salach dorcha dia chlíí, Lat. Lives 93.9 . Medb . . . do chlí Ailella, LL 7871 (TBC). suidid airdrī Ailig / dia c[h]liu, ZCP viii 108.5 . Brigit form deis . . . / Colum do chlíu, LL 4817 . latrand dia deis .i. D. . . . ┐ latrand dia clíí .i. G., PH 3326 . dorat sé bualadh . . . forra dia dheis ┐ dia clí, Stair Erc. 475 . cláona as an slíghe dár ndeis nó dár cclí, Párl. na mB. 4061 . Somet. also by for clíu: forud a rig for deis ri[g] Carmun: forud ri[g] Hua Failge fora clíu, Dinds. 18 . leoghan fora dheis ┐ alaile fora clí, Stair Erc. 400 . Cf. also: do Ṡean-ghoill fein ar clé ag cruadh-ghol `on the left i.e. neglected', Keat. Poems 1383 .

(a 2) (the) north : túath in chlé 'the Northern tribe' Ériu xxiv 27 . Cf. 1 fochla.

(b) Fig. ill-luck : ort do ch.¤ ┐ do chol dúabhais (an imprecation), RC xxix 116 § 11 . 146 § 70 . Cf. 132 § 45 . fuair sé a dhódh ar c.¤ his trouble went for nothing(?), Measgra D. 8.27 .

Compds. With noun. siol gCárthaich nach ndeárnaidh clé-beart evil deed , Hard. ii 334.1 . ic tabairt a bossi deis[e] fria gin fodén, ┐ a chléboss fria gin Cathail left palm of the hand, MacCongl. 103.15 . ar cle-corpaib na curadh on the left sides, CCath. 5450 . a deiscin tar clegualainn [oc toidecht uaithi] (one of the gesa of Tailtiu), Dinds. 99 . don ḟir cuil dobo cléguin `an unjust wound', Ériu iv 112 § 2 . gabais a chúach na chleláim, LL 4573 . go bhfuil clélámh an chéle nemhdha fá bhar ccenn, RSClára f. 51a . ar folāiremh aingil na clēláimhe `the devil', Fl. Earls 50.15 . dīrgit a gcūrsa clēlāimh re Tīr C. on the right of, 8.y . clēlāmh re fairrgi, 108.10 . na cáde cen cléréim `evil course', Gorm. May 24 . Nov. 24 .

With adj. ? recoecha uile comtar tuath coecha (.i. láncacha no clécacha blind in the left eye), Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. ii 15.18 ; 'malign, inauspicious, ill-omened, sinister; bad perverse' CMCS xliii 9 .

clesaige

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clesaige or dil.ie/9442

 

n io, m. (cles) juggler, conjurer : cuislendaigh, clesaidhi claon , Petrie's Tara 125.2 . ar chionn chliar is chleasoigheadh, Ériu v 58.92 . clesaide maith mé . . . ┐ dá dtucthása cúig marga dam dogenainn cles duit, SG 284.y . chuimlios in clesaide luib íce don láim corbo slán i gcétóir í, 285.17 . tigcit clesuidhi . . . ┐ doníad innṡamail gréine ┐ esca, Maund. 206 . fir chlis ag na cleasaighibh, O'R. Poems 187 . cleasaidhe nō daoine siubhail (ioculator), Beatha S. F. 1190 .

coicetal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. coicetal or dil.ie/10063
Last Revised: 2019

 

o, [m.] vn. of con-ca(i)n. (a) singing together; concord, harmony, harmonious music; rhythmic sound : class aingel ic cocetol 'a choir of angels singing together', SR (Adam and Eve) 48.1380 . righ na tri muinnter a coimcetal fri hyrupin ┐ fri harufin 'the King of the Three Households chanting together with Cherubim and Seraphim', RC xxviii 322 § 49 . trichocetal inna nule ṅdule gl. concentu omnium, Ml. 145c4 . cocetla bindi, Tec. Corm. 4.18 . i cocetul friidadun `in unison with', Hib. Min. 4.115 . coigeadal chesta corgais i Caisil chanting of office, Leb. Cert. 4.15 . coigidal na gaithi, Ériu iii 152 § 5 . ceōilbinne an c[h]oigetail, ZCP viii 200.14 . o bus esbadach aon téit este conidh eipiltinach a c.¤ (of harp), O'D. 555 ( H 3.17, 438 ). coigeadal na mbárc re tuinn, Measgra D. 38.13 . coicedal ciuin én n-idhan, BLism. 160rb17 ( SG 347.13 ).

(b) discordant noise; clashing : c.¤ na claidem . . . re bordaibh na sciath clashing, CCath. 5923 . go [g]clos fon [g]cath uile glōirbhēimneach a sgiath aga sgoltadh ┐ coigeadal a [g]cloidheamh aga [g]comhthuargaint 'so that the raucous ringing of thir shields splitting and the singing of their swords smashing together and the cracking of their spears being completely crushed were heard throughout the whole battle', BDC 240.294 .

(c) battle, conflict : do'n coigeadal sin `'in that conflict', Celt. Rev. iv 120.14 . an cóigeadal comhmbrughach do-righne Conghal Cláon 'the mighty battle that Congal Claon ... gave', Ériu lxiii 101 .

coiste

Cite this: eDIL s.v. coiste or dil.ie/10448

 

Forms: cúaiste

n m. (Engl. quest(e), Hyde, Gadelica 82 ). Also cúaiste. jury : do Philip féin / fā coisde being tried by jury, O'R. Poems 2766 . cúig trír dá ccuirthe a ccoisde, 2754 (see n.). diúltaimse flaith ó gConaill / do dhol oraind a ccoisde, Studies 1918, 617 § 8 . c.¤ ar gcunntae, PCT 809 . in cúaisti ┐ in breitiomh, ZCP i 117.25 = Flower Cat. 325.1 . ag claon-ch.¤ an Bhéarla `corrupt . . . jury', O'Gr. Cat. 571.4 .

coma

Cite this: eDIL s.v. coma or dil.ie/10558

 

Forms: comad, comaidh, comthaighi, comthach, -aid, comaid, comaid, cumha

n orig. , f.? Later with dental inflexion (but cf. ` comad jünger coma f.' Thurneysen, ZCP xv 337 ). m., IGT Decl. § 2 . f., § 4 . g s. comaidh, Lism. L. 118 . a p. comthaighi, Caithr. CC 4 § 9 . g p. comthach, RC xvi 140.6 . Later freq. cu-. Appar. also with n s. -aid: comaid (ón choimhde) f., IGT Decl. § 10 .

General meaning gift, offer, of something given or offered in return for a favour, concession etc., hence freq. consideration, bribe, ransom; in military contexts of something offered as an alternative to battle, hence condition(s), term(s), peace-overture(s) (see RC xliv 178 ). Freq. in pl. comhadh, cennach, bríb, tairgse, dearlaice, Eg. Gl. 135 . ? si pro scientia furti inter orientem et dextera portata est is c.¤, et [in] promptum est et mox scietur , Thes. ii 237.11 . fiach gona fir chāna i comaid (leg. comai?) catha `in ausgemachter Schlacht', ZCP xv 336 § 28 . berar imarchor comai úan dó (folld. by list of things offered in exchange for truce), LU 5586 . na comadha mora `onerous conditions', Ériu xii 182 § 11 (TE2). araba na cómha (sic MS.) sin, Imr. Brain 60.19 . buith fo riaguil mo chomae (-a, MSS.), Ériu i 202 § 29 . ar na comadhaibh celcci, TBC-LL¹ 503 n. 6 . i[n] fail c.¤ gabas is he prepared to accept terms? 1771 . imm airisium ar na comai sin, 1794 . ? ferr c.¤ coimtid, LL 345c40 ( RC xlv 86 § 67 . comaid, Anecd. iii 19.13 ). a ch.¤ nīrsat gūacho, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919, 93 § 18 . ná diṅgnitis less no adlaic no comai no caṅgin, LL 31893 (TTr.). ? missi ac crábud 'sa comaid / tussu ic éirge ra folaid, 38367 . na gabaid comaid n-aile, PH 901 . cath tar comaidh, ML² 1416 . cumhang le cách a chomhtha `everyone will think his (?) recompenses too small', RC xlix 171.19 . an domhan . . . / ar son gur chuir fa chomhthaibh though he held the world in subjection, Ir. Syll. Poetry 37 § 2 . slata nach claon re comhaidh (: arodhain), DDána 102.7 `who yield to no compromise', Ir. Monthly 1928, 35 . ? cóig comha rú ag réidhioghudh `the Five Provinces' (see notes), O'Hara 135 . gé madh gearr cairde na comha, IGT Decl. ex. 108 . nach berad . . . ar c.¤ sa bith under any circumstances, Cog. 186.10 . go tucta cumha eli do `other rewards', Laws i 4. x Comm. no-char gab si c.¤ cruid / is í 'ca toga ag triathuibh bride price, Hy Fiach. 206.13 . duine eiccin da bur muindtir do tabairt do comhaidh don peísd `to propitiate that beast', BCC 196.12 . E. do fhuaslaccadh . . . d'eallach do eachaibh ┐ do comhtaibh ele `ransomed', AFM iv 854.11 . do aontuigh G. cumhaidh nó breab do ghlacadh ó Naaman, Eochairsg. 64.1 . comtha . . . tar cend an tsíodha, Hugh Roe² 128.4 . cumha = gift, Deuteronomy xvi 19 . tucad cuma ┐ tuicse dó in gach tenga, BCC 100.22 . ? lia chomha, RC xliv 162 § 92 .

? comaiged

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? comaiged or dil.ie/10602

 

n ticfa dar coimdīghnad / . . . / gan nech ar comaighedh / codarsna claon , ZCP viii 205 § 30 ( cunarad comaided, Lec. 170 vb52 ).

comúaimm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comúaimm or dil.ie/11936

 

n (1 and 2 úaimm) act of sewing together; joint, seam, junction : mullach cinn .i. a baites no in comuaim `suture', Bretha 2A . ar-roemuid dar roeib do madcomuanna a chind ┐ a chlocind, Corm. 36.26 = ba cosmail batar coíb a inchinde a roemaid dar roeib do mad comuamanda a chind ┐ a chloicind, Anecd. iv xiv.11 . dar comḟuammannaib a chind, LL 11089 ( TBC-LL¹ 4282 ). cur[o]bris comuaim ┐ comhdlúthugud luinge a bidhbad, CCath. 2038 . a comuamanna `bolts', 2077 . aisli .i. faobhar, ut est rinnaighecht i comuaim dá aisli, O'Dav. 57 . Fig. comuaim necalsa fri tuaith union of church and state, Laws iii 32.2 . comhúaim retha esci im rith ṅgréne, ACC 61 Comm. ( RC xx 256 ). caid cach rét co canóni comuaim congruence of sacred text, Corm. 11.33 = mad fri canóin[e] comūaim, Corm. Y 291 . comúaim coimgne harmonizing of synchronisms, Tec. Corm. 3.19 (comuaim .i. comceangal, Tec. Corm. cited O'Don. Suppl.). Comuammann na nGenelach (title), Corp. Gen. 137.1 . So also: F. . . . foúair / .xl. iarna comḟúaim (length of a reign), LL 15324 . ? comūaim can a enech, ACL iii 295 § 29 = comúaim cána enech `to conform with the canons of honor', Jn. Celt. Stud. ii 98 , 105 . comuaim . . . ┐ coibnes ciallaide na liachtan-sa, is e leth is aentadach fri Matha co dú etc. context, PH 4406 (see at(t)oíbi.

Metr. of alliterating words at end and beg. of quatrains (see 1 fidrad): iter da choumuaim fidhraid, Auraic. 3872 . remshuidigud óenshillaibe eter da chomfhuaim fhidraid . . . ced . . . (verse). Is é in desmerecht andsin .i. ced eter dered ind raind toesig .i. lond ┐ tossach ind raind tan[aisi] (leth), 5363 . lourrca fuach . . . reimtsuigiugad detsillaebach bis riasna da chomuaim ica saorad ar da gne .i. fogair ┐ claon ceille, 4880 . Betw. couplets: ita in comuaim amal ata fidh airedha in lethraind toisigh ┐ in lethraind deirig, Auraic. 3946 . Cf. comuaim naisnéisin .i. uaim cumaidhe . . . a tosaigh re deiredh, O'D. 849 ( H 3.17, 603 ). ? conagar dno isin aip[g]itir bunad o æn, ┐ airic o deda, ┐ a cor a tredhe ┐ a comhuaim fri ceathardu `confirmation', Auraic. 1020 . Of metrical composition in general: fri comuaim n-uad, Auraic. 3538 . ? cen comuaim tomuis dligthig . . . acht tomhus fri cloais . . ., 3588 . ar annsatas a comuama . . . seoch na haistib eile because of its intricacy (a metre), O'D. 1196 (H 2.15, 80a). i gcomh-uaim fileata `in poetic measure', Content. v 20 . Cf. con-óigi.

cotarsnae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cotarsnae or dil.ie/12660

 

Forms: chotarsnu, chotarsnu, naco-tarsnai

adj io, iā (com + tarsna) opposite, opposing, contrary, adverse : huandenartai chotarsnai gl. adversa ualitudine, Ml. 43d10 . 61a31 . huait chotarsnu, a Dǽ, gl. té . . . aduerso, 108a4 (infl. by Latin). iscotarsna fris fesin `he is contrary to himself', Thes. ii 227.32 ( PCr. 59a2 ). gan nech ar comaighedh / codarsna claon opposing, ZCP viii 205.20 . asin chath chotarsnai `opposing battalion', Fél.² cxlvii 1 . ōm chinneamhuin chodarsna perverse fate, O'R. Poems 2822 . góeth chotarsna, PH 547 . a sín chodarsna `in stormy weather', Bard. P. 39. 16 . guth codarsna, IGT Decl. ex. 739 . fód codarsna críoch Bhanbha contentious place, DDána 92.1 . signe codarsna, Ó Héodhusa 242.19 .

With prepp.: iscotarsne dondúalig insualig darahési, Wb. 9b8 . níl beschotarsne diar nícc anything detrimental to our salvation, 11a24 . a ccéill codarsna don chéill . . . , Desid. 3622 . codarsna do recht an prionnsa, AFM vi 2264.8 . ani . . . aschotarsne frihícc, Wb. 17d27 . bidcotarsne fri dia conasoscélu, 26a18 . ní bes ch.¤ fritimnae dǽ gl. eius potentiæ obloquentes, Ml. 94b16 . is cotarsne aicned in tened fri cassair `contrary', 146a3 . is c.¤ fri aicned innangnimae dorigeni som gl. contra facta, 129d5 . ? is coitcend ┐ is cotursna daib inni sin . . . fri biastai, ZCP xxx 151.47 . Note also: ni codarsna anni sin arin defogur, Auraic. 1348 .

As subst. io, n. and m.: ho chotarsnu gl. e diuerso, Ml. 14c16 . in chotarsnu gl. e diuerso `on the contrary', 24b12 (advb.). cid in chotarsnu gl. e contrario, Sg. 17b9 . naco-tarsnai gl. aduersa, Ml. 20c4 ( inchotarsnai, 38b3 ). lethchosmailius lesom inso trisac.¤ , 30d19 . inna cotarsnai .i. temptationum gl. aduersa, 46c9 . donaib cotarsnib gl. aduersís, 57e3 . buith i cotarsnaib ┐ fochaidib `adversities', 55d13 . cidh fodera in cotarsanai . . . ?, Auraic. 4502 . is é in cotarsna comthend `this is the equal-valid counter-tale', Metr. Dinds. iii 42.38 . ro gabh codarsna ┐ format fris opposition, BNnÉ 296 § 30 . a chotarsna (of Satan), PH 3928 . cotarsna int ogaim `the opposite', Auraic. 5818 . ni hamhlaidh sin do rála, acht a codarsna, TFrag. 104.x . In phr. i c.¤ (do, fri) in opposition (to): dubeir cách a chorp hí c.¤ friachele gl. aduersis corporibus, Ml. 65b10 . cechtriub di-alailiu hic.¤ , 100c8 . cach duil . . . / atat frinn hi cotarsnai, SR 1520 . hi cotarsna friu, LB 129b54 . doberr hicotarsne do gl. obiicitur . . . huic, Sg. 21b5 .

crontsailech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. crontsailech or dil.ie/13119

 

adj (crontsaile): croindtillech gl. phlegmosus, Ir. Gl. 651 . dias . . . / choirpthe, chroinn-t-silech, cheann-ghlas `drivelling', Tribes of Irel. 82.12 . claon, cam, crainnsileach, O'Rah. 290.30 .

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