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cáelach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cáelach or dil.ie/7579

 

Forms: caolach, -aigh, -aighi

n o, [n, ?] (cáel). caolach m. (g s. -aigh, n p. -aighi), IGT Decl. § 55 .

(a) twigs, wattles : ar chaelach na caelle (=coille), Laws iv 186.18 Comm. tri cuailli cona níndteach, 152.7 .i. in c.¤ , 13 Comm. gnímh cláraigh ┐ caelaigh, CCath. 1814 . a cháin a ccaolach a ghealcholl `his fine for (despoiling) the stems of his white hazels', KMMisc. 174 § 33 . cliatha caolaig doriginset Laigin fo cosaib caorach (expl. of Áth Cliath), Dinds. 28 ; Content. xxviii 11 . do bein caelaig do cumhdach eclasi, Lism. L. 893 . Compounded with finn white (i.e. peeled) wattles, see 1 finn compds. dorigned cro coelaig imme (of a prisoner), Lism. L. p. 310.9 . a ccengal i ccró chumhang caolaigh, Anecd. iii 2.22 . docóidh . . . isin chorgus i ccró cáolaidh, BNnÉ 127 § 20 . Fig. flaith . . . dá ngéagaibh súd / . . . is dá gcaolach úr, O'Rah. 134.226 . atá cathair chaolaigh dhuinn / ós do ghruaidh (of hair), DDána 74.63 .

(b) More specifically of the roof-wattling of a house under the thatch: in ríg-thech . . . eter chúalle ┐ cháilach, Metr. Dinds. iii 80.48 . tech . . . / cōelach cōelán, MacCongl. 69.6 . mar threabhradh ar thaobhaibh eang / deallradh caolaigh ós a cionn (descr. of a castle), DDána 119.26 . a caolach 's a ceol (of a house), O'Rah. 46.6 .

(c) (withy) rope : nauticorum ope rudentium .i. caolaighe cnáibe, AFM iv 729 note . an cáolach léur cuibhrigheadh é, Parrth. Anma 5581 .

(d) Name of a plant: craobha don chaolach is díorgha d'fhás, Keat. Poems 581 `fairy flax, linum silvestre', Gloss.

2 clárach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 clárach or dil.ie/9379
Last Revised: 2019

 

n o, m. (clár) collect. boards, beams; wood: co nderna[dh] aenbréo tenedh [de] iter c.¤ ┐ caelach ┐ cloich (of a siege-tower), CCath. 1899 . do caelach ┐ do c.¤ ┐ do sonnaibh, 1760 . Also in pl. ro coraighid cláraigh ┐ sailghi . . . forra, 1812 (claraidh, v.l.). na múrchaisteol na ngniomh cloch ┐ clarach, Hugh Roe² 316.5 . cláruigh tiugha, Ezekiel xli 25 . a chorp . . . / fá chumhdach dhocht chloch is c.¤ , Keat. Poems 468 .

Attrib. g s made of boards, wooden : isin . . . gnímh cláraigh ┐ caelaigh do cech leth imme a construction of boards and wattling, CCath. 1814 . do gnimaibh cloch no do cumdaighibh cláraigh , 1880 (-adh, -aidh, v.ll.). sreath cláraigh mhín dualaigh dhlúith (from a description of a castle), DDána 119.7 . asin pailis comdhaingin claraigh ` boarded ', Stair Erc. 2169 . eclais chláraigh, Anecd. iii 75.2 . (last two exx. could belong to 1 clárach).

1 crúach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 crúach or dil.ie/13167
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: cruach, cnoc, carn

n ā, f. stack of corn; rick : frith ina cruaich (cruaith, v.l.) isin gurt hé (of wheat), IT iii 196.z . bec leis dúnn ri cond crúaiche `when the corn-rick is roofed', Metr. Dinds. iv 160.215 . med do cruaiche, Laws i 134.13 Comm. dīre do daise .i. it cruaich arba, 170.27 Comm. mo cheas beach mo chruach mo chrann (of Christ), Dán Dé xxiv 18 . luath a cruach ó Chailligh Dé `quickly sinks her cornstack', Aithd. D. 1.9 . cruach na cliabh arbha, AFM iii 288.7 . Also heap, conical pile : crícha cech cóicid fo chrúaich marked by a stone rick, Metr. Dinds. i 14.23 . cruacha dhóibh ga ndoinndeargadh (piles of corpses), Aithd. D. 20.27 . biáidh an foghmhar na chruaich = a heap, Isaiah xvii 11 . sreath cláraigh . . . / . . . mun gcruaich `round its top' (of castle), DDána 119.7 . Transfd. c.¤ sgeimhle ó chrúas do chaingne, IGT Decl. ex. 1373 . Mountain, hill : lucht na cruaiche críne (of the Túatha D.D.), ZCP xiii 361 § b . imasoich crúas ciuil croich (a s.), RC v 202.3 `vigour of music surrounds the hill (?)', Ériu xvii 90 § 8 . lengait eóin ciúin crúaich `gentle birds leap upon the hill', Four Songs 20 § 2 . cruach, cnoc, carn, Eg. Gl. 161 .

In nn. loc. ar mullach Cruaiche Mhártain, CF Eg. 66 . Especially of Croaghpatrick: argain na Cruaiche, RC xvii 413.24 (Tig.). dia mbai Pátric . . . / for Crúaich, Metr. Dinds. iii 378.6 . Cf. attágar techt hi cruaich cruind, / druing cen crabad, Trip.² 1315 . an chruach ┐ an críoch i dtarla, PBocht 10.28 . See Hog. Onom.

In plant-name: cruach Patraic gl. plantago, ACL i 330 § 1 . sugh teinegail . . . cruaiche Padruig, Rosa Angl. 102.17 . 110.3 .

Compd. crúach-bás (cruaidbas, v.l.) ` heaped slaughter ', Metr. Dinds. iii 242.14 . crúachbhás .i. deargbhas, O'Cl. (? cf. 3 crúach).

dín

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dín or dil.ie/16570

 

Forms: dína

n u, m. IGT Decl. § 95 , Verbs § 83 .

(a) protection, defence, shelter: robo d.¤ ┐ dītiu diar feib, TBC-LL¹ 535 . nech da tic mo d.¤ one who can protect me, PRIA iii 1893-6, 536 § 18 . d.¤ anma, ascnam nime, Ériu ii 66 § 12 . is ferr d.¤ cloth oldás d.¤ mbiid, Tec. Corm. § 11.3 . d.¤ m'athar aitchim-si, ZCP viii 202.25 . nāch bīad a dīn for talmain that there would be no shelter for him on the face of the earth, 114.z . dogébthái bar ndíon i Cluain meic Nóis, SG 55.26 . cia thrialltai teichead ní focus díb bar nd.¤ , Alex. 222 . tri c. bliadan . . . atú fo d.¤ gach daire | ní fhaca mín mōrmaighe, BB 394a3 . ni fuighbea (sic leg.) do dhin romumsa gan do bhas leam, Aen. 3174 . Alba gan díon a ndiaigh Ailín defenceless after Allen, Rel. Celt. ii 216 . acht go bhfaghdaois díon ┐ sochar an dlighidh, protection and benefit of the law, Keat. iii 5759 . d.¤ .i. daingean, Stowe Gl. 71 . Common in chevilles: d.¤ cert, SR 3011 . d.¤ cloth, 4915 . d.¤ cech síd, 6615 . comeis lini . . . d' ugaib do din no do digrais da sinser in succour or kindness to an elder, Cog. 48.19 . gorab díon no gurab daingen in trachta[d] ceille doberr as na corpa `that the commentary which is brought from the texts may be a defence', O'Dav. 737 . AR (FOR) d.¤ depending on (cf. ar scáth): mé ar díon duine 'na ndeaghaidh | míol mara arna mionshrothaibh, Book of O'Conor Don 379a26 . ollam. .i. uille in lín bis for a dínsom oldati na gradha olchena, Laws iv 358.13 Comm.

As quasi-vn. act of sheltering, protecting: coimde . . . dom díon dom imdegail, ACL iii 220 . ic d.¤ láech-ban is láech-fher, Metr. Dinds. iii 378 . co tanic Petar is Pól do d.¤ na mac mbuilid mbind, Fél.² xxxvi . taispenaidh bur crodhacht da bar nd.¤ fen, RC xix 282 § 212 . tig tunica . . . mar adairc do dhion na sūl o urchoidibh forimileacha, 3 C 19, 99ra1 . Criosd da choimhed Dia da dhíon, Rel. Celt. ii 321.27 . dúil do chleachtadh reacht mhic Dé do dhíon . . . to uphold the law of Christ, Ó Bruad. ii 202 . gurab léor . . . ughdarás na hEagluise . . . d'á dhíon gurab ionghabhtha an t-Aifrionn to defend the point that, Eochairsg. 13.34 . Dimin. (metri causa): drem as doig diar ndínón (dionon, MS.), Gorm. March 14 . Note also: téid ar dhíon, DDána 87.15 , explained in Gloss. as `ar a choimeád'.

Attrib. g s. dína sheltering, protective: a dhuis díona in degshlóig, SG 265.6 . na coillte díona dosmhóra, 266.15 . in drong díona, 353.13 . sgiath dhíona, A. Ó Dálaigh xxi 8 .

With AR protection, shelter against: ní díon ar dhoininn na ar dherthan bheith ann, BS p. 114 . din ar diabal in Duileam, Lec. 363b36 . fod dhin ar na pecaibh nac tainic to protect you against future sin, Lib. Flav. 36rb x . a nd.¤ ar gach nindliged, Laws v 24.19 Comm. dia nd.¤ ar in duinebaid, Lism. L. 4805 . gan díon ar olc, Keat. Poems 1173 . Note also: i ndíon ar dháimh protection over, Keat. Poems 590 .

Of persons, Muridach . . . d.¤ nAirther M. protector of Orior, Arch. Hib. ii 72 § 36 . a ri na righ is tu mo d.¤ , IT iii 11 . a Phátric . . . a d.¤ Gáedel, Metr. Dinds. iii 378 . am d.¤ cech dochair, ZCP iii 236 (TE). Flathbertach d.¤ cech deoraid, LL 182b2 . ba d.¤ do nochtaib, ACC 85 ( RC xx 268 ). rofaith mo d.¤ mo ditiu, AFM an. 906 . díon anbhfann is tearmann dáimhe, Keat. Poems 465 .

Of places: rofhágaibh a curach a scalpaibh carrag fo d.¤ fo díamhair in shelter and concealment, Ériu iii 154 § 7 . adba in ríg . . . ba d.¤ ba dún ba dindgna, LL 28b18 . rucsat co diamair dia nd.¤ | immad fíadaig is fíadmíl to their shelter, Metr. Dinds. iii 246 . doronsat catair . . . ┐ ba din iside on Scitia . . . co descert na h-Asia, BB 411a27 . in tan rosiacht Nisus d.¤ a place of shelter, Aen. 2124 . den .i. d.¤ no daingen, O'Dav. 737 . do thréig sé a dhíon amhuil an leomhan `his covert', Jeremiah xxv 38 .

(b) covering, thatch, roofing: do chleithibh . . . do dhíon ┐ do dheaghsheisg, ML 76 . tech . . . fo dhíon ocus fó thégar, SG 292.27 . faidhit (leg. saidhit?) d.¤ clāraigh uasa mbarcuibh, ZCP i 404 . d.¤ d'fhidhbadaib uasa a roofing of timbers, 384 . do mhullach tighe do bi se do cur fa d.¤ , BCC 309 . fé dh.¤ tighe, GJ vi 152b17 .

(c) sparing, husbanding (cf. caomhnadh in same sense): Síol Néill ag neimhdhíon a gcrodh unsparing of their wealth, Book of O'Conor Don 136a17 .

(d) In legal sense remission (?): anaid ind athgabail la fer do dobeir a forus co ngill no d.¤ no dithim until pledge or remission (?), [end of] delay in pound (?), Laws ii 128.25 Comm.

Compds. ¤armda: daingen d., MR 236.14 . ¤athair protecting father: dílleacht gan díon-athair, TSh. 1170 . deibhléan . . . dearóil gan díon-athair, 6621 . ¤barr: is mo Dia d., IT iii 52.4 . tanic Padraic . . . ar dinbarr leigeand, Lec. 584b1 . ¤brollach vindication or apology prefacing a work: díonbhrollach nó brollach cosnaimh Forais Feasa ar Éirinn, Keat. i 92.70 . ¤chomét: a théach adéarainn do dhíonchoiméad, Keat. Poems 577 . a Iosa a dhíonchoimhéud na foirbhtheachda protector, Parrth. Anma 285.20 . ¤fhál: ar daingne bid dínfhal, Gorm. Oct. 19 . ¤lethan broad-sheltering: sgiath d., Atlantis iv 176.27 . ¤mór: confacaid dosaball díonmór fó bláth, SG 351.31 . ¤scíath: a protecting shield: go haisiog a ndínscéithe, Ó Bruad. iii 14.16 . ¤toirt: rothinól d. tachtai, a protecting mass, SR 5971 .

1 fo, fa, fá

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fo, fa, fá or dil.ie/22333
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: fo, fó, fu, fa, ba, bá, ba, fá, fao, faoi, fa, ba, fa, fa, faoi, fua, foa, fo, fó, f, fo, fó, fá, fon(d), fón, fónd, foind, fóa, fun, fan, fona, fosnaib, foum, fóm, fúm, fúm, fóm, fout, fūd, fút, —d, fót, —d, fád, fo, foa, fua, foí, fóe, foei, fáe, fou, foú, fó, foa, fáe, foe, fai, fua, fáe, faoi, fa, faoi, faoi, foí, fúe, fóe, foithi, fóthi, foithe, fuithe, fúithe, fáoithi, fúithe, fóithe, faoithe, fúinn, fōin, fōind, fúnn, fúinn, fóinn, faoinn, fuibhsi, faoibh, fúibh, fóibh, faoibh, fóthu, fúthu, fūthu, fōthu, fōtha, fūtha, fútha, fóthib, fōthib, fóthib, foíthib, foithib, fūthaibh, fuithibh, —uí—, fúthaibh, fúthuibh, faoithibh, fóm, fom, bám, fám, fot, fót, fád, foa, fóa, fána, fo, fo, fóar, fo, fánar, fo, foa, fona, fana, fána, foum, f., Fo-

(leniting) prep. with acc. and dat. Forms : fo Wb. 5b3 . 9c31 . Ml. 14d4 . 27d7 . 28c12 . Sg. 140a4 . 153b6 . Acr. 8b1 . BCr. 31c5 . SR 1596 . LU 1928 . 2970 . 4764 . 6615 . LB 67b14 . 171b16 . 201a20 . fó, LU 3806 . 6498 . 6899 . 10792 . 10779 . LB 54a50 . 244b25 . fu, Ml. 63b4 . 67c2 . 77b11 . 94a2 . BCr. 18d2 . fa, LL 177b45 . LB 41b53 . 162b16 . 165b10 . ba, bá, 243a36 . ba, Maund. 237 . fá, LU 9132 . (cf. secht cneslénti [sic leg.] ... bítís bá thétaib ... hi cústul fri gelcnes dó LU 6413 ). fao, Fl. Earls 70.30 . faoi, RSClára 6a . fa (fá, ba) is frequent in Mid. Ir. and is the regular form in Early Mod Ir. (fáoi, fa fhior sin, IGT, Introd. § 73 . ata m'ḟalluing ... fa ḟior o beith faoi IGT, 24 P 8, 190 ), see exx. below. With nasal. rel. part.: fua, Ml. 35a9 ; b16 . 38c3 . 45a3 . Fél. Prol. 86 (fa v.l.). foa, Ml. 59d7 . Marco P. 16 . fo, Ml. 35b18 . Marco P. 136 . fó (ro) 18 . f, TSh. 7542 . Mid. Ir. fo, fó, fá. With art. fon(d), Ml. 35a9 . 53b9 . 36b16 . Sg. 14b1 . 73b3 . Fél. Oct. 15 . LU 3100 . 8461 . fón, LU 1508 . 1797 . 8214 . MacCongl. 103.3 . fónd, LU 6092 . LL 71b1 . foind, LU 6099 . fóa n— (neut.) 8240 . fun, Ml. 65c9 . fan IGT, 24 P 8, 190 . Ó Héodhusa 68 . pl. fona. Incorrectly fosnaib, LL 63bx ( TBC-LL¹ 1020 ).

With pron. suff.: 1 sg. foum (gl. íssum) Hy vi 4 Comm. fóm, LL 82b30 . fúm, ACL iii 236 § 6 . TSh. 4226 . fúm, fóm IGT, 24 P 8, 193 .

2 sg. fout, SR 1734 (monos.). fót, 835 . LU 2815 . fūd ZCP vi 283.21 . fút, —d; fót, —d IGT, 24 P 8, 193 . fád TD 10.20 .

3 s. m. n., acc. fo, Ml. 37a14 . foa, LU 8849 . fua, 8525 . foí, 2011 . fóo, TBC-I² 1283 . fóu, Trip. 130.6 . LB 191b58 (fói). fóe, LL 62b21 . 80a41 . foei LB 7b44 . fáe, Lat. Lives 46.10 . dat. (not distinguished in Mid. Ir.) fou, Ml. 38c3 . 64a10 . 98c10 . Bodl. Dinds. s.v. prull (foe Y). foú, Ml. 35b16 . fó, LU 1483 ( foo, 5620 is possibly acc. pl.). Trip. 222.6 . foa (fóu E) 240.14 . fáe, CCath. 1214 . foe, MacCongl. 89.15 . fai, Lism. L. 1666 . fua, LU 6424 . TBC-LL¹ 3378 . fáe (sin), CCath. 1477 . faoi, IGT, Introd. § 73 . ata m'ḟalluing ... fa ḟior o beith faoi , IGT 24 P 8, 190 . faoi, Ó Héodhusa 68 .

3 s. f. foí, LU 6214 . ? fúe, 7121 ( BDD 80 ). fóe (diss.), Imr. Brain § 6 (ref. to inis). foithi, Trip. 8.10 . Marco P. 16 . Lism. L. 50 . fóthi, LL 59.49 ; 267b27 . foithe, MacCongl. 122.32 . Lism. L. 2220 . fuithe, Acall. 2756 . fúithe, TSh. 1679 . fáoithi, IGT, Decl. ex. 432 . fúithe, fóithe, faoithe IGT, 24 P 8, 193 .

1 pl. found TBC-I¹ 3578 . fúinn, Maund. 157 . TSh. 8033 . fōin, fōind, ACL iii 235 § 28 (: ōir). 237 § 23 (cōir). fúnn, fúinn, fóinn, faoinn IGT, 24 P 8, 193 .

2 pl. fuibhsi, Acall. 2173 . faoibh, Studies 1921, 74 . Luc. Fid. 366.6 . fúibh, fóibh, faoibh IGT, 24 P 8, 193 .

3 pl. acc. fou, Ml. 42 b 7 . fóthu, LL 63b21 . 85a24 . fúthu, Fianaig. 94.17 . fūthu, CCath. 2445 (as dat. 1889 ). fōthu (as dat.) 3032 . 3189 . 4718 . fōtha, 4834 . 5208 . fūtha (as dat.) Maund. 157 . fútha, TSh. 1164 . dat. fóthib, LU 1889 . LL 95b43 . fōthib (as acc.) 62b33 . fóthib, 222a23 ( TTr. 363 ). foíthib (as acc.) LU 6166 . ? foithib (: soithib), Metr. Dinds. iv 86.76 . fūthaibh (as acc.) Marco P. 91 . fuithibh (—uí—?) 100 . fúthaibh, TSh. 2270 (as acc. 2374 ). fúthuibh, faoithibh IGT, 24 P 8, 193 .

With poss. 1 sg. fóm, LL 113b28 . LB 161bx . fom, LB 6a19 . 191a9 . bám, 179a42 . fám, FDG 287 . TSh. 2145 . 2 sg. fot, LL 259b24 ; 32 . fót, LU 3903 . 6090 . LL 259b36 . fád, TSh. 7867 , - 74 . 3 s. foa, Wb. 32c13 . LU 10653 . 10661 . 10910 . fóa, 5596 . LB 192b29 . fána, Keat. ii 6299 . TSh. 1576 . 4216 . fo (axail) BDD 148 U (foo Y). fo (smacht) LB 178b54 .

1 pl. fóar, Wb. 9a1 . LB 172b3 . fo ar, LB 171b37 . fánar, TSh. 5591 (verse).

2 pl. fo bar, Wb. 23d11 .

3 pl. foa, LU 6781 . fona, BCC p. 396.23 . fana, FDG 409 . fána, TSh., 3067 .

I Of local relations.

(a) under, beneath: used more extensively than the corresponding Engl. prep., as the Irish idiom, in speaking of two things one above another prefers to say that B is under A rather than that A is over B: foum (gl. íssum) Hy vi 4 Comm. bieit a namait fo a chosaib som under his feet Wb. 32c13 . a tabairt fu chossa `their being put under foot' Ml. 67c2 . lecca derca fo chossaib, LU 2424 . asin tiprait boí fón drochat, 1797 . co n-accatar fón muir fóthib annís dúine, 1889 . gabais in mnaí foa lethoxail took the woman under his arm 10910 . atnaig C. foí thrusts him under it 5233 . da lurgain lomchaela fae, Thr. Ir. Gl. 36 (Corm. s.v. prull). do chuir a lámh chlé faoi chum éirghe dó, Comp. CC 81.10 . léigcitt a nglūine fútha they kneel down Maund. 77 . gabais ... a chois foí, LU 1503 (`took him by the leg' MU 51 ). co mmema do fergara fót 6099 . ro thescsat a leth-iscait ... foei, PH 554 . mani má in talam fúe, BDD 80 . mana maidi in talam found, TBC-I¹ 3578 . in cloch no geissed fo chosaib cach ríg nogeibedh Hérinn, Dinds.. i § 13 = BB 350a18 . in tan ticedh ri Eirenn fuirre, do ghéised in lecc fái, Acall. 7999 . ro hecrait áine ┐ urluachair fóthu, TBC-LL¹ 998 . mairg cois isa bond fa mbris woe to the foot under whose sole it breaks ACL iii 237 § 21 . atá fó cach duma .l. fer, LU 2873 . a lec na righ ... fút atát cuirp na tri Tadg, Ériu ii 166.30 . líc ... foa n-adnaicthe na gennte, Marco P. 16 . in ail fó ro hadnachta a sin, 18 . fo Loch Echach, LU 2970 . fo dílind, Ériu iv 130.17 . docuaidh se fai an abhainn ... ┐ nir eirich se no gor baithed e, BCC § 149 . (cf. no thogfaind mo chlíu | ma úir, LU 9856 . ge fía dig fa húir, 9859 ). luid fo thalmain, Fél. May 20 . a chor fo thalmain to bury PH 664 . mar fhágbhaid fá úir é, TSh. 970 . droichet fo ngabhait longa under which ships pass Marco P. 136 . fo gréin (nim) under sun (heaven) i.e. alive; in the world: nisfil fo grein fairind ... basid feiliu, ACL iii 297z . gan coimmeas ris fon g. ... acht tusa he has no equal in the world but thee Duan. F. ii 324 § 25 . ní fil fo nim ní ... na dingned, LU 3911 ( SCC 42 ). teglach fo teglach ind ḟir | ni fil fo n., AU 894 . gan neach 'na n-aghoidh fo neimh no one in the world against them Duan. F. ii 164 § 35 . dona daoinibh fá neamh, TSh. 2088 (= sub caelo ... hominibus Actus iv 12 ). Esp. in sense of carrying, supporting: droichet ..., xxx. uaithne fulaing fai, Marco P. 97 . beir let licc ... fot suidi, SR 1593 . is amlaid ... atá in rígsudi ... co cethri colomnaib foi, LU 2006 ( FA 7 ). cen fúndamit fái PH 7816 . tū ag folang fóin supporting us beneath ACL iii 235.28 . ech ... foa suidiu, LU 10661 . tri eich derga foa suidib, BDD 30 (foithib, Eg. fosuidib DE). gerrán Patraic foa (fóu, Eg.) P.'s nag was carrying it (of a load) Trip. 240.14 . na dá ech filet fón charput, LU 8590 . secht carpait ... ┐ ceithri heich dēc fūithibh, ZCP vii 300.12 . fuaim nechraide fó ríg the sound of steeds under a king's chariot BDD 50 . fuaim carbaid fo rígh, BNnÉ 183.11 . in carpat fil fónd ócláig, TBC-LL¹ 1815 . carbad ... bhias faoi ... rothadha fan charbad, Ó Héodhusa 68 . in sdét robúi fae Sir G. ZCP vi 56.32 . ber mul ... fud `have under thee a ... mule' 283.21 . confacatar in fer mbecc ... ┐ luingin creduma foi in a skiff of bronze RC vi 183.4 . in cholcid boí foí the bed he was on LU 10478 . nirbo gnáth in corthe út fo enaib that pillar was not wont to have birds on it LL 121b34 ( RC iii 181 ). ech ... ina laige fo eri, PH 5846 . baile a laighfedh an damh fon ccarpat, BNnÉ 32.1 . arna loscedsi ... in fer nobiad fóthi that it should not burn the man who carried it (of a magic spear) MU² 741 ( LL 267b27 ). tuc gobal ... fo a cinnu stuck their heads on a fork Dinds. 144 . do rad C. a carpat fo leabhraibh Beraich loaded his chariot with B.'s books BNnÉ 31 y . asail berar fa lointibh la gach n-aen `asses laden with provisions are taken' Marco P. 20 . mac in chruittiri fón cruit, Ériu ix 49 § 30 . fer fo bhíudh ... aroile fo lionn, Hugh Roe² 11.26 (f. 6b) . focheirded id n-óir immi | nád bāded fairge foa that the sea might not drown him while he wore it Metr. Dinds. iii 104.23 . éicne ... is é fuillechta fo mil dressed with honey TBFr. § 23 . cuiridh fo shalann é pickle it BNnÉ 74.8 . tuirtín fá luaith (= subcinericium panem) TSh. 4926 . do chorpán fo chrú covered with gore ML 110.13 ( ML² 1455 ). cona brugaib fo blāth flowering meadows SR 379 . boí [Mag Breg] fó a lí ┐ fó bláth cach datha LU 10792 . finemhain fo torud, ZCP v 24 § 2 . gort nach bi fa barr that bears no crops ACL iii 236 § 5 . clúana ... fá sgingbheirt reóidh `meadows wrapped in a cloak of ice' Ó Heódhusa, Studies 1921, 419 . dolluid in curach fo séol trena mocoll under sail LU 1928 . laoidheang fa lán seóil under full sail TD 20.30 . do bhí an domhan fa dhall chiach 7.33 . cotlud dó fón sāith sin, LU 3451 ( SCC 23 ). in ghein fil fat bruindi in thy womb RC vi 175.55 . i taig fó glas, LU 4764 . fuaratar in carcair fon iadhad doratsat forri, PH 3696 . in carcair do beth fon ṅdúnad cetna, 3698 . Cf. a mbeit[h] i mbuaile fo iadhu an oidhche (of cows), Laws iv 96.24 . corbo ecen clar fo dlutad uasu, BB 390b1 . bheith geimhlighthe fá ghéibheann ghrás nDé, TSh. 2201 . docuaid C. fana corp fen san aiér in his own body BCC § 149 . an tan ... nach féadann ... an biadh ... do chongbháil fána chlí cannot retain his food TSh. 1575 . comēt dam mo chride ... ni raib miscais foë let there be no hatred in it ZCP vi 259 § 6 . dosrat fo chlaidiub put them to the sword SR 4148 . ce atagtha fo claideb, Ériu ii 122.21 . dochuaidh Pol fo cloidhem BB 10a3 ( MacCarthy 284 ). luidh fo lannaib fell by blades BB 50b29 ( MacCarthy 422 ). tair fón claideb come under the sword (in token of submission) LU 9659 ( ZCP iii 212 ). cárna samaisci do indarggain fo thál ┐ béuil, TBFr. § 19 . Often loosely used to denote an inferior position: tobert C. a lue ... co mboí a n-imdorus isin tenlug fó, LU 1483 ( MU² 964 , `the door fell down before him' MU 51 ). suidid fo glún Conchobair (i.e. at C.'s feet ?) LU 5206 . ro slecht fo chossaib Mártain at M.'s feet RC ii 400.16 . PH 1335 . tarrustar ... fo chossa G., 1372 . fo chosaib Gamaliél ... ro alt [Pól], 1649 . co mbí fo chrund bethad, LU 1356 . bud iomdha ... mairbh fa ríoghnaibh roisgḟliucha `many will be the wet-eyed queens over their dead' TD 16.71 . do-chuaidh Ionas ... fá chrann, TSh. 2477 . an tan bhíos ... fá láimh chlí Dé on God's left hand 9891 . angcaire ... do léigean fúthaibh, 2374 . fo choimm: see 1 coim. fo chomair: see comair.

(b) of direction towards, into, through: a naslui grién foa fuined `when the sun goes away to its setting' BCr. 33b18 . doluid fon caillid (= ad silvam) Lat. Lives 85 ( dochuaid isin caill, Hy v 61 Comm. ). gur ling an t-each uaidh fán gcoill, TSh. 1001 . ralotar fón fid, CRR 37 . nach tan nosbert eolchaire fo rian roglass whenever homesickness brought them on the sea Anecd. i 69.1 . amair raga sa ... asan curach fo thir RC xiv 60.24 . docuaidh ... roime fon tír, ZCP vi 51.9 . dochuiremar an long fo tír isin oilén, BNnÉ 49.35 . tunda fina do cur fo tir cast on shore Ann. Conn. 1310 § 10 . dús in táir cobair Ulad foo, LU 5620 . buailis fá lár a chorp to the ground TSh. 5586 . ro léig fo lár a ḟoghuil ... ┐ ro an acumsa `abandoned' Fianaig. 76.8 . Cf. roínfid fuil féne fo don, LU 6615 . teiched ... fo fhoithrib, Marco P. 55 . do theich fo sliabh C., CCC 79.1 . ni lamhann drochspirat techt fa tech i mbí, Maund. 15 (c ?). teid fan ceol in the direction of the music ZCP v 501 (cf. II j). tolotatar fon fes came to the feast RC xiii 223.50 . cromait ... fan cath bend to the (i.e. engage in) battle ZCP viii 224 . Cf. cuir aris fao cluasa do chroidhi da eisteacht = ad iterum audiendum aures cordis accommoda Instructio 119.28 . tigid fád lorg = sub tua vestigia TSh. 7867 . Cf. celebrait ... na ocht trath oc molad ... in Coimded co claischétol aircaingel oc tíachtain foí (the birds) sing the hours in praise of the Lord with the quire of the archangels accompanying it LU 2011 ( FA 7 ). do-beir láim fo undertakes, attempts (see lám).

(c) esp. of impact, collision, attack: benaid foo LU 4874 . benaid fona maccu, 4885 . buain fútha meddling with them (?) Ériu v 71.6 . (see benaid, búain). tarlaic urchur fuithib, RC v 199.11 (see do-léci). ac tabairt sádaid do crann a tsleigi fuithe, Acall. 2756 . buailtear an long fá charraig against a rock TSh. 3759 . do-bheir craos-ruathar ... fútha makes a hungry onslaught on them 1164 . téit (imm-soí, etc.) f. turns on, attacks: cobair cethra foa tiagat coin alltai helping cattle attacked by wolves Ériu ii 210.2 . teit [in béist] fo thrédu Gargan ┐ ro marb dímór dib, PH 7227 . amail teit ség fa mindtu, MR 70.16 = FDG 627 . do chu[a]idh fúthu ┐ tríthu, Fianaig. 94.17 . ná deach faoibh fréamh ar ndoibheart ` assail ' Eoghan R. Mhac an Bhaird, Studies 1921, 74 . imsoí foíthib ┐ marbthus íat, LU 6166 . imsói fothu, Metr. Dinds. iii 258.29 . maitti a ndírím fó araill, LU 6667 (`their forces rush at each other' Faraday, Faraday, 96 ). no co roicher (ndeachar v.l.) fo longphort fer nÉ., CCC 94.16 . eirgidh fo palas in rígh `attack' Fier. 131 . amhail choin ... do sgaoilfidhe fá shluaghaibh, TSh. 3122 . ionsoighidh foithib ... amhuil faolcoin fo chaorchaib, Hugh Roe 226.9 (f. 60a) . lingid ... fótha dá n-óirleach, Keat. i 204.31 . co ngreis a choin fona clerchiu, Lism. L. 276 . lecidh in rí na griba futhaibh, Marco P. 91 . lór do chur cháich fa chéile enough to set all at variance TD 6.2 .

(d) throughout, over, gen. of motion: ducuaid inducbal cruche Crist fun domun, Ml. 65c9 . fon domun for cech leth (gl. longe lateque) 53b9 . seinter lat ... cornn ... | co roa a glōir fo secht nime, SR 1368 . teid ... do iarraid a legis fon doman, RC xii 326.22 . ro closs fon ṁbith, Fél. Oct. 15 . dorónad coindmed na filed ... fo Érind, LU 360 . rocluinter ... a nggáir fón firmimint, 2199 . forodalta Conaille fo hÉrinn, ZCP viii 330.29 . roscuir ... a munter ... fon Eoraip sent his people all over Europe PH 267 . rosfuid Dia Michel fo na secht nimib, MacCarthy 68.9 ( LB 112bx ). co clos fona crichaib comfoicsibh, CCath. 1428 . fodlaidh baill an maic ... fo naemaib hErenn distributes the limbs ... amongst the saints BColm. 92.13 . co clos fosnaib tuathaib uili, TBC-LL¹ 1020 . scél scáilter fa chách amongst all CRR 54 . a clú ica irrdercugud fo cech popol, CCath. 333 . do bhrúcht Loch Con fa thír over the land Keat. i p. 162 . In : do himdergadh go mōr fa ghnúis ... na hingine a deep blush came over Ériu v 84.14 , fa replaces imm ; cf. ro himdergad imon ceand, RC xxiv 64 § 26 , and see (f) below. Cf. amal arrograd descad fo bairgin, Wb. 9b13 . laibhín ... faoi leaven mixed with it TSh. 8982 . foillech di menadaich fa bargen, Ériu vii 140.15 (` leg. for,' Ed.).

(e) on: .lll. mac fo chathaírib airgdidib, BDD 105 Y. Cf. faidhit din claraigh uasa mbarcuibh ... ni chuirid pic forro, acht ola ┐ cailc ┐ cnaib do mhingerred tritha, ┐ a cur fuithib (`with this they pay their ships'), Marco P. 145 .

(f) about, around (contamination of IMM , see also II l et seq. below): sciathrach scéith do gabáil fó brágit round his neck CRR 17 . gab craidhi spideoigi ... ┐ cuir fa braigid an ti ... take a robin's heart and hang it round the neck of ..., Rosa Angl. 234.7 . do cuiretar coroin fa chenn, Maund. 16 . craicind ... leoman ba cathbar[r] ma [fo, Eg.] cendaib on their heads TTebe 2672 . slabhra ... fána chom, Keat. ii 6299 (= moa bragit, Rawl. 81a15 . ima b., YBL 127a25 ). do gabh crios fa a colainn, ZCP i 62 § 45 . an bhfuil sróll ... fána chneas?, TSh. 4216 . fá bhrághaid, 7549 . duine fá mbíd an dá ghéibheann úd, 7542 . coróin fána cheann, 40 . fa (um, v.l.) dhruim píasda | filltir slíasda flatha Fáil, IGT, Decl. ex. 1226 . Hence hard by, near (?): ro marbsad lucht dā eathar fan Suca, RC xviii 188.32 (Tig.). Cf. dodechad ... dot chursu fan lind, TBC-LL¹ 3420 = mon lind, TBC-I¹ 2628 , where under is possibly the meaning. maidm ... do tabairt do Ch. fo Beol Atha S. for Conallchaib, Ann. Conn. 1359 § 3 (= oc Áth S., FM).

II Of fig. and abstract relations,

(a) under ; dofucfa ... na mbia fo menmain a chéli cena falsigud o briathraib, LU 2665 . Cf ailithre idan ... ticc co menicc fo menmain, ACL iii 321 § 1 . is messi ... dorat fó menmain Ailella do seircsiu put love of thee into A's heart LU 10779 (= for , Ériu xii 170. 15 ). Especially with words denoting appearance, state, condition, manner, attendant circumstances, classification : dath ... fo chosmailius saphirr like sapphire Ml. 84d4 . dolega ... fo chosmailius dilenn, 62b20 . conrotacht ... a tech ... fó chosmailius na Cráebrúadi, LU 8045 . fon óenchummi in one way Sg. 14b1 . is cuma nóblighthea bai ┐ eillti fon aenchumai cach dia ré linn, Cóir Anm. 26 . dotháet ass fón cumma sin, LU 6496 . fon cruth sa, 3539 ( SCC 29 ). atcessa iat ... fon cruth sin, LU 8770 ( FB 57 ). co n-ebairt fón n-innasa so that he spake thus LU 2317 (cf. sections g, j below). esergi in ciniuda dóennai fon n-innas sa, 2720 . fóa n-innas cetna in the same manner 8240 ( FB 18 ). LU 9095 ( FB 84 ). fon innas cétna, LU 8797 ( FB 60 ). fon n-innus sin, Marco P. 85 . nodslaid fón alt cétna beat him in the same way LU 3288 ( SCC 8 ). secht mbliadnai di fond alt sin in that condition LL 280a23 ( SG 415 ). a mbatar ... fon samail sin thus LU 3301 ( SCC 10 ). dorónad grianán ... fo chomardus imdaí Conchobair as high as LU 8062 ( FB 3 ). fo deilb diabuil in the form of a demon SR 1739 . slabrada ... fo deilb natrach, LU 2174 ( FA 25 ). imad ... lecc lógmar innte fo chuma grene ┐ ésca, LB 138b19 . fo feib, SR 375 . fo clith secretly 1281 . co mbatar blíadain fo chleith, Metr. Dinds. iii 390.79 . fo gné sub specie: fo gné bairgine, PH 5183 . fo bithphianaib, SR 1740 . fo déraib in tears Fél. Ep. 174 . Prol. 24 . sínset fo brón ... cosin crích `pursued their way in ... grief' Metr. Dinds. iii 390.73 . luid C. fo luinni úad in indignation LU 6021 . caland fa scīs a weary body ACL iii 237 § 26 . gan duine fo fhodord dibh `without one of them murmuring' BS 108 § 54 . siu nobeth fo athis rather than be disgraced LU 2932 . bía fónd anim sin thou shalt carry that blemish 6092 . bánbéim na fagaib feith fo saoth .i. fo tinnes, O'D. 826 ( H 3.17, 590 - 1 ). beth fa essanóir, PH 7387 . robúi B. fa anoir, ZCP vi 296.7 . cath ... ó a mbeid Gaoidhil fo mheabhoil, Duan. F. ii 160 . dolluid A. dochum a thíri fó chōri ┐ óentaid fri U., LU 1551 . scarsat ... fo ṡīdh ┐ chaenchomhrac, Marco P. 151. 156 . bheith ag luiṅgseóireacht arthraigh ... fá phioráideacht in piracy TSh. 2165 . bretnas ... cona ecor dé ór fo ṡnīm plaited Anecd. i 61 § 91 (= co mbrephnib óir LU 1809 ). fa áis na maighden `of the age' Maund. 253 . nech ... fu grad epscoip of the rank of a bishop Ériu vii 140.1 . fa marbhdataid ! mortifiyed RSClára 91a . dí laogh fona dathaibh uccat of those colors BNnÉ 10.27 . arrubert bith ann ... fo glēre lesaigt[h]i bíd ┐ cormae, BColm. 84.5 . níl an flaitheas so faoi ghluas acht moving Corp. Astron. 36.15 . eter comslechtaib na cethri sen find fichet fu aen fochanat in unison(?) Rawl. 106b29 (cf. Rev. iv 4 , 10 ). a lan do laechaib ... fa oengnim ┐ oengaisced fris fein equal in exploits ... to himself MR 80.11 = FDG 733 . da mbeth fuath duine ... am chride, ┐ bás d'fhagbail fái-sin cen aithrige were hatred of anyone in my heart, and I died thus, unrepentant PH 7488 (but this may belong to section j, q.v.). Cf. fo réim on a course (?) BDD 50 (sic leg.? Cf. dochuaid int en ... for foluamain fon reim sin, Aen. 1133 ). fo ogi oiffrinn `at completeness of offering' ACC 93 (= LU 994 ).

(b) of grammatical function, in Glosses (a particular application of preceding): is fo huath[ud] ... a n-institutae `institutae' is in the singular Ml. 42b12 . is ainm naimsire hisunt ... ciasu menciu fu dobrethir it is more frequent adverbially 67a4 . is fo infinit dutiagar ... á mmanifestare (the word) `manifestare' is construed as an infinitive 101c6 , 7 . cid fo gním cid fo chésath dotiagar actively ... passively Wb. 6a29 . is fo foxlaid dutiagtar `they are construed ablatively' Ml. 106c3 . fo diultad as a negative Laws iv 68.29 Comm. Corm. Y 407 . ni fú indidit ata `irascemini' sunt ... acht is for imchomarc ata `in affirmation ... in interrogation' Ml. 20b13 . fo neutur in the neuter Sg. 90b 5 , 6 .

(c) of meaning underlying: inni bess fon fogur sin the sense which is under that sound Wb. 12d5 . a folad foṡuidigther fond ṡun `the substance put under the word' Sg. 73b3 . fun trop són (gl. sub hac figure discribitur) Ml. 66a4 . muna cíall shiobhuil bhíos fúthaibh unless they are used with the sense of motion (of certain prepositions) IGT, Introd. § 72 . Cf. ni thuigim an fliuchadh sin, achd munab braiseach ... as mian leis do thuigsin faoí, Rule of Tallaght § 87 . briathar fá n-ab iontuigthe nach cóir, etc. from which we may infer Eochairsg. 9.20 .

(d) under, subject to: fun inuilligud (gl. sub tutione) Ml. 30b23 . fu Moysi under Moses (as ruler) 63b4 . dos-&mdot;béra fo chumachte in maicc, Wb. 13b30 . ni fó ar máam ataid, 9a1 . condumfel fo mám pectho, 3c38 . ni rabatar ... riam fo recht fetarlicce , Wb. 19d11 . bíd Sattan ... fót cumachtu, PH 3937 . biait fót ... airbri imdai archaṅgel, SR 835 . Pilait fua ro chés ar Fíada, Fél. Prol. 86 . ingreim na nIúdaide fó Antoich under (the reign of) A. PH 5499 . níor dúnadh dorus leasa | fa Bhéac `in the reign of B.' TD 32.39 . co mbet Cristaighi fa Idhalaib an uair sin mar attatt Idhail fútha-san aníu, Maund. 237 . úa na rígh ... bhios fo shiol na Saxanach, Duan. F. ii 166.42 . an lā ... dobēra cāch fuibh ┐ sibh os cāch, CCath. 5059 . do ocaib ... biti fo anmchairtes under spiritual direction Mon. Tall. § 71 . slechtais ... fo ogreir Maolruaoin prostrated himself in complete submission to M. (under the absolute will of) § 77 . fo míscaid bretheman brátha, LU 2289 ( FA 34 ). fo chis do Magnus fil si under tribute to M. Marco P. 3 . fo mhamus M. fuil si subject to M. 4 . na ... righ fil fo mamus Naim, 54 . cuiris M. faa smacht he, 99 . dorad iathu E. ... fo smacht flaithiusa Muman, RC xxiv 186.7 . gur chuir faoi forgla an domhain subdued TD 13.40 . na daine éadtroma ... do chonnmhail fa shilens an chlaustra = in claustro sub disciplina Instructio 201.17 . co fuilitt fa plánét Ṡáduirnn under (the rule of) Saturn Maund. 141 . ar mbeith dhuit fá leigheas = sub medicamento TSh. 8190 . mairg atá fá theas na teineadh, 6416 (cit.). ré mbeith don phobal I. fá éagcomhlann, 6103 .

Téit fo submits to, undergoes; assumes: in tan diagmani fo baithis. Wb. 3a15 . tect fo smachtu rechto, 19d11 . intí téte fo recht n-imdibi, 20a12 . dochóid Ísu fo reacht n-imdibe, PH 5652 . in tan teit oen ... fo gradaib in choimded takes holy orders 7157 . mane tē fó láim n-epscoip iar mbathus unless he is confirmed Ériu i 218.24 (see lám). fo-ácaib fo leaves at the discretion (mercy) of: do fágadh in faidhchi folum faī, ZCP vi 31.2 . forḟacaib [in mac] isinn inadsin fo na hethaidib left ... there exposed to the birds RC xxiv 190 § 2 . fágbhaim fá bhreathnughadh gach aonduine, cia is córa ... ?, TSh. 5002 (see fácbáil, fo-ácaib). fag gach aindligheadh ... fa dheithidi ... in bhreitheamhan, Instructio 200.22 . lectir fu mes nDe it is left to God's judgment Ériu vii 158.35 .

(e) under (a name, head, rubric, etc.): fond oinfailsigud (gl. sub eodem ... argumento) Ml. 36b16 . arroét Iosep ... Muire ... fo anmum chomaime under the name of wife PH 6917 . gab fon aithne-si gach lá saire include under this commandment 7372 . atā cech uli ... fon aithne-si every ... is included under this commandment 7542 . atā bán aithne-si ... cech ní 7609 . ní háirmighther Éire ... fan clíma ard Ireland is not counted as belonging to Maund. 157 . fo [o]en aicciund adfiadar `it [a compound] is pronounced under a single accent' Sg. 74b8 . Cf. dosbert fobairt bidbad fó bidbadaib foraib, LU 6498 (`the attack of an enemy among enemies' Faraday, Faraday 92 ). Here seem to belong: ba fou fachart[at]arsom, Ml. 64a10 . is fáei iarom latharsat légnide na mBretan innísin (introducing an explanation), Thr. Ir. Gl. 9 (Cormac s.v. cruimther. Y has instead: is fair iarom rolaset).

(f) under = less than; inferior to: faoi áois iomchubhaidh `before sufficient age' RSClára 6a . an t-aonmhadh lá déag ... faoi nó ós a chionn the eleventh day or thereabouts Corp. Astron. 4.12 . gion go raibhe créatúir san gcruinne fá aingeal budh uaisle, TSh. 1100 . ba hē amāin faoi Dia dusratt in Edāill ... fo chuing chreidmhe, Fl. Earls 100.14 . faoí Dia acht in guibernoir ni himda persa ... is fessach 70.30 .

(g) according to, in accordance with , an extension of (d) and (e) above; in Glosses gen. in combination with vbs. GAIBID and DO-BEIR: fon cheill fuandrogab in faith in the sense in which the prophet has uttered it Ml. 38c3 . cid fosodi[n] nogabad D. .i. foní fuantuic P., 35a9 . is fosodin rogabad 35b10 . bed foú nogabtis ... foní fuatabarr ib. 16 , 18 . as sain ind fiugor fuandrogab in faith ┐ ind rún fuantaibret in suuischelaichthi, 45a3 . is fo dobertar inna anman fonna inni fordi[n]grat names are given in accordance with the qualities they signify 37a14 . fo sin in that case, in accordance with that Ml. 42c24 , 46c14 , Sg. 106a5 . is foa ... dothét cech pennain ... fo meit an pectha every penance is determined by the magnitude of the sin RC xv 487y . pennith fon cinaid, Ériu vii 158.2 . gu cumaid a ndeghghnima fon n-etargna sin, Lism. L. 4612 . do suidhigedh na sluaig fo med i [ = a] n-uaisli, Fianaig. 56.1 . mani fochlither a bruth ... fóa réir fodein unless his ardor be attended to according to his own pleasure LU 8622 ( FB 46 ). direnar leithdire ... fo suire cacha feda according to the rank of each tree Laws iv 168.21 . dīre cāich fo miad `according to his dignity' i 40.13 . fothud ... do cechtar da lina fo miad, ii 378.5 . daithin na dáime fana miad ┐ fana ngrad, FDG 409 = MR 50z . doronsat iomarbaigh ... fa ccumang according to their ability Leb. Gab.(i) i 248.25 . fam dhícheall to the best of my power A. Ó Dálaigh x 2 . fá a ngníomrad mestar mic rígh, O'Gr. Cat. 358.5 . fuaratar fona mian í itir tess ┐ fhuacht as they liked it BCC p. 396.23 . Cf. in lucht dara betha a colann fo na míanaib do frestal, PH 7463 . rotheichset fo nertaib bāgh by dint of courage (?) RC x 54. 2 v.l. ( ICM xxi ). Here, perhaps: to-tēt meas fo aimseara, BDD 28 Y (fó U), expl. by: téid an breitheamhnas ris an aimsir, O'Cl. s.v. meas (8) .

(h) like, corresponding to (extension of preceding. Cf. fo bēsad fir trebuir `after the manner of a prudent man' Wb. 29d23 . fo béesad fir téte do chath, 9a3 ): ni thainicc riam tegluch fóo ┐ nicon riccfo co brath, IT iii 238.111 . orguin fón orguin dorat dún, BDD 48 (.i. mar an argain, Stowe; lit. in proportion to i.e. in requital of (?)cf. (q)). robad orgain fo araile in sin, 66 U (fon aile Y. ba argain már a chéle hí, Stowe). ni fail mac rig ... fo Ceallach, AU 894 (poem). ni taircell Eriu ... fer fo Mael ... Muru, 886 (= mar AFM 884 ). flaith fial fo rig nAilbine as generous as AFM 845 . fo Choin Culaind comchosmail, LU 8454 ( FB 30 = for, Eg.; fri, Voss.). teaghlach fo theaglach an ḟir ni fil, AFM 890 = AU 894 . fón bfleadhughadh út doronabair abhus forbia mu fhleadhssa tall daibh like the feasting you have enjoyed here Marco P. 12 .

(i) with numerals as multiplicative (an early use, perhaps orig. implying motion, ZCP viii 33 - 34 ): fo dí twice Wb. 24b22 . Ml. 46a21 . a úaig dil fo dí doubly dear LU 9977 ( PRIA iii 538 ). dammidethar fá dí, LU 9132 ( FB 88 ). a óen fo deich ten times one BCr. 31c5 . fo thrí, Wb. 17d4 . rogabsat ... forro fo thrí in n-insi, LU 221 . blegon inna mbo fo thri Hy v 32 . dorónsat fa thrí, LU 193 . fo aen a mbliadain once a year Laws iv 350.19 Comm. Cluain maic N. do argain fo thri ... fecht o Sil nA. ┐ fo dó hó Callraidhi, RC xvii 390.25 . AU 1050 . resíu goires in coilech fa dó, PH 3196 . a sé fo chethair four times six LL 181b28 ( Arch. Hib. ii 48 ). a chairdis Crist fó secht his seven-times gossip RC xviii 14.19 . With compar.: aidbliu fo míle, LU 2003 . soillsi fo secht oltas grian, FA 10 LB (= soillsithir ... andá LU 2029 ). mó fá dheich ten times more IGT, Decl. ex. 1027 . With co (later also co ba, co ma): confitebimur du ebert cu fudi twice Ml. 94a2 . co fo ṡecht, LL 209b46 ( Ériu vii 220 ). ro loisc Life co ba ṡecht, ACL iii 304 § 4 . tri cēd ... co ma thri thrice three hundred Fen. 354 . mo bhennacht gomá secht go Breifneachaibh, BNnÉ 267.7 . gid scriptuir bes go ma secht | in cech cill, Anecd. ii 38.1 .

(j) at, by (of occasion, conjuncture, etc. on or at which something happens, orig. perhaps an extension of (d) above): is fo forṅgartaid tra fosin dutiagar á manifestare ... is fo infinit dutiagar fu[n] dul so the (word) `manifestare' is construed as an imperative in that case [ = under that interpretation] ... as an infinitive in this case Ml. 101c6 - 7 . dochuamar i nEigeipt fo chuiriud Foraind at Pharaoh's invitation Ériu iv 140.21 . ar a gabail fo lige fo eirge for singing it at lying down and rising Lib. Hymn. i 46.17 ; 5.30 . lá lodmar fo gairm in ríg at the king's call LL 206b4 ( RC vii 290.6 ). tiucfa se fa guth an cluic at the sound of the bell BCC § 220 . is fad thúarasgbhailsi tanag (= on hearing of thy fame) Ériu v 98.31 . tancadar fir Erenn fo thasc in rig (i.e. on the report of the king's death), Dinds. 136 . in duine ticced fón n-égem, LU 1908 . egis in gilla. doroich Loegaire fua, LU 8525 ( FB 38 ). eighthi in muccid, co tanic tuath in da Maine fae, BDD 20 . Cf. ro héged immumsa ... tanacaisiu fon égim, ScM. 11 . fo sodain, fo sin usually means by that time but occasionally at (with) that: íachtais in gilla—tic C. fo sodain, LU 8537 , LU 8546 ( FB 39 , 40 ). ro scáich noínnin Ulad fo sodain by that time LU 5899 . dolluid E. immach fo sodain, 8242 . tic F. fó sodain, 5645 . dochuadar amach fái sin, RC xxiii 424.11 . tainic dereadh in lai fae sin, CCath. 2416 . rucsad forro fai sin, Ann. Conn. 1270 § 7 . dorochair D. fóisede by that time RC xvi 280.16 ( Dinds. 161 ).

(k) during: fiu and fo domnach `rested there throughout Sunday' Trip. 156.19 ( fó d., Trip.² 1825 ). Trip. 182.21 ( Trip.² 2143 ). fiusam fo domnach ann, Trip. 174.7 ( Trip.² 2025 ).

(l) Of approximate time of an occurrence, at, about (cf. imm): fó athgin [taite v.l.] in erruigh ar chinn by the return of spring CCath. 169 . C. do ēcc ... fo fel Lurint, Ann. Conn. 1243 § 8 (cf. F. ... d'ecc im feil Martain ib. § 7 ). sluagad ... la maccaib rig C. ... fo fel Muri, 1249 § 9 . fo fel cros doronadh ALC ii 116 = Ann. Conn. 1405 § 15 . fá'n Nodloig-si, Ériu v 54.9 . na hanmunna tecuit fo dhomhnach a hifern on Sundays RC xiv 48.19 . an tan fa ticfa, Fianaig. 74.9 . dochuaidh ... fo ṡamhain ar cciontt hi ccenn Gall `went to the English the ensuing Allhallowtide' AFM v 1622.6 . ón am far scríobh Caesarius , Keat. i p. 48.14 . ón tráth fá dtánaig tar muir, TD 2.58 . an uair fa dtigthí ar Ibh Táil whenever ... were mentioned 3.48 . fá aimsir chinnte by a certain time TSh. p. 160 . ón tráth fár dhearbh lais as soon as he was certain 2800 . Of space: ro ḟorcongair forra celcc do inneall fá mhile do Ṡlicceach `within a mile of Sligo' AFM vi 1978.3 (see f above). Similarly in expressions like: fo dered, fo deod, fo dechtsa, etc. (see 1 deired, dead, fecht): go fuighedh bās fa cend tri la within three days BCC § 257 . muna bfacchadh fios ... faoi chenn bliaghna, Ériu iv 51.18 . Cf. first cit. under (f), above.

N.B.—In most of the exx. in the follg. sections FO (FA, FÁ etc.) replaces imm.

(m) after words denoting cause or reason, in rel. construction with vb.; cia hádbar fa filet oc iarraid ... ? why are they seeking ... ? PH 2761 . cid imár adair Ísu, ┐ cid fa tuc anoir do ?, 2611 . adbar bá ṅdlegar a sechna, 7435 . issé adhbur fa ndernatar ..., Maund. 10 . is dona hadhbharuibh as mó fár chuir Ronán one of the chief reasons for which R. put Ériu v 74.17 . is é fath fa tangamar, ZCP vi 50z . crét fá tancabar ?, PH 2924 . crét an fáth fa ndentar sin ? RC xxix 124.12 . ni ḟuarais maith ... far mholta dhuit ... iad for which they should be praised by thee ZCP viii 219 § 10 . an dara hadhbhar fár fhuiling Dia ... another reason why God allowed ... TSh. 3513 . an treas fáth fár thuit Ádhamh 3527 . With cop.: is é fáth fána doilghe this is the reason why 1132 . ciodh fár chóra ... ?, Keat. ii 936 .

(n) in respect of, as regards: is iad so mogha fíre Fergusa fo neart ┐ fo ghniomhradh, Ériu viii 136.16 . i gcuibhreann na mbó fán bhféar `feeding on grass with cattle' TSh. 3464 . fear mar Ghuaire fá dhúais d'ógaibh, Keat. Poems 211 . Esp. after adj.: réidh fá mhaoin lavish of 526 . brugh fa fial fá bhiadhaibh, 861 . líonmhar ... fá dhaoinibh populous Keat. ii 937 . as bhuaine fa bhuanfholuibh, 23 F 16, 195 (`in respect of long-enduring kindreds' O'Gr. Cat. 399 ). In asyntactical constr.: fan seanchas chuirim chugaibh, congbhaidh é `as to the facts I bring forward' Content. xxi 6 . About, concerning: bá thómos a thigi thancabair `about the measure of his house' (Hennessy) MU² 855 ( LL 268b17 ). iar saruccadh Ruadain do Diarmait fa Aedh nG. after D. had insulted R. in the matter of A. BNnÉ 88.18 . cogadh ... fa chrích ... bhFáil fógrais É., TD 18.25 . damsa ceart ... | fon gcloidheamsin `grant justice ... about that sword' Duan. F. ii 132 § 28 . an bhreath ... rug Solamh ... fán gcloinn, TD 2.48 . mun ní fá dtairge a theagosg in anything in which thou attemptest to instruct him 15.51 . mór d'ulc ... do-righneadh fa (um v.l.) cheann an chnuic, 4.1 (see 1 cenn). síodh fan gcrann peace (i.e. forgiveness) for the spear Dán Dé iv 9 . súil Gaoidheal ruibh fad ríoghadh TD 10.31 . go dtug sé ... tuarastal do thaoiseach ... fá thoidheacht a reward for coming TSh. 259 . Esp. after words denoting mental action or emotion: cen chuimni fon ēc without thought of death ACL iii 239.16 . eagla ... fá thuitim, TSh. 3520 . fonn ... fá bhás d'fhagháil, 6059 . débhóision ... fána naomhaibh ┐ fa thaisibh na naomh, Ó Héodhusa 144x . amharus ... fa ḟiadh gConnacht doubt about TD 21.42 . budh ainfesach clēirigh fana fēiltiph fīre, ZCP x 50.14 . ní baránta inchreidthe é fa righ Lochlann do bheith, etc., it is not a credible guarantee that ... Keat. i p. 46 . After a number of vbs. (most of which are also used with IMM), e.g. of entreating, commanding, permitting, refusing, promising, preventing, of object of entreaty, etc.: roguid in coimdid bá indechad forsin errig, PH 792 . guidhim sibhsi fa guidhe ar mo shon fa mo leiccen mar so I entreat you to pray for me that I may be left as I am BNnÉ 67.6 . guidhes Dia ... fan documal sin do fortacht, RC xii 332.21 . do ghuidhsiod ... Dia fá gan eisean do mharthain that he might not live Keat. iii 2138 . impidhe do chur ar an rígh fá shaordháil do thabhairt dó, TSh. 4496 . tucc C. aonta fa theacht agreed to come Anecd. iii 2.17 . cead do thabhairt do L. fa chúanairt forba ... d'ḟaghail to allow L. to obtain Ériu v 78.28 . glend nach érthar nech fa coinnmedh where no one is refused entertainment BNnÉ 131.15 . díol farbh' éartha gach aoighe a payment which should be denied every guest TD 10.14 . is e Colum Cille bai 'na slanaigecht fona techt ... doridisi C. was security for his return RC xxiv 62 § 23 . muna dtugadh móid don rígh fá bheith díleas dhó, Keat. ii 5220 . rothairmisc tra in scel sin fa Polinices dul prevented P. from going TTebe 2767 (= imm, see do-airmesca). Of mocking: oc fanamut fa Ísu, PH 2864 (= imm). do fhochuitbiud fói (= immi) 3328 . dorindetar móran fonamhaitt fói, Maund. 15 . ag gāire fan ḟéin laughing at the fian CF 723 . occ gáiribh futha, BNnÉ 76.35 . ag fochuidmheadh fana seanchadhaibh, Keat. i 50.2 . Cf. focherdat in macrad gāir foa, LU 8849 . On account of: dobermáit glóir do Dia fá éistecht riut, Ériu ii 146 § 165 = RC xxiv 384.23 . éirghe amach i n-aghaidh a dtighearna fa n-a chíos féin d'iarraidh orra, Maguires of F. § 25 . Here perhaps: t'enech d'ácbáil fo bíad, LU 4353 . Of purpose, aim: trosccadh ... do dhenamh frisin cCoimdedh fa shoirbheachadh doibh that they might prosper BNnÉ 51x . créd do dhénmais fa dhul tar an sruth what we should do to cross the stream 49 . a llāma sínti fon dhiubhracad extended for shooting CCath. 5564 .

(o) along with, including (= imm): tucad ár forro fa mac Maic U. ┐ im A. Hua M. including the son of Mac U. and A. RC xviii 189.12 (Tig.). tucc coecait each fa ech ngorm, ZCP viii 221.5 . do loisgedh céad ech ... fa eachuibh an airdríogha, Ériu i 24.134 . tucadur i raibe do braighdibh ann leó, fa mac [U]i R. all the hostages including the son of Ua R. AU ii 488.5 . tuccadur a mbai do braigdib ... leo fo mac .h. R., Ann. Conn. 1348 § 6 . cuit do galloclaechaib .h. C. do marbad doib fan Constapla .i. fa Mac R., 1342 § 3 . ... dar marbad seser mac rig fo Chorbmac .h. nE., 1365 § 4 .

(p) after vbs. of swearing, asseverating, etc. of that by which oath, etc., is made (cf. 1 tar, dar BV); perhaps an extension of (d) above. tongu-sa fom [bam, tar, dar v.l.] chumachta, Ériu ii 196.18 . nech dothoing ethech fo cetharlebrai soscelai vii 156.20 . luigimsea bam arm, v 72.11 . ind lec ... cech oen dogní luga ṅ-eithig foithi who swears falsely by it Trip. 8.10 ( Trip.² 87 ). in luige thuccad fó ainmm Dia, PH 7636 . luige ... ba chnedaib Crist by the wounds of Christ 7324 . tug ... a minna fon aendia, ZCP vi 34.17 . dobheirim briathar ... fam chloidhemh, Ériu i 26.146 . doberimsi fam bréithir gomadh ..., ZCP x 277.34 . dobiur-sa fám gaisced ... nach FDG 287 . gúidim tú fon Día da creididh ┐ fat faistedh I adjure thee by Fier. 40 .

(q) in distributive sense with numbers (perhaps orig. in return for, cf. section h): dobheredh P. tri bhuille fan aónbhuille dhó would give three blows for every one he got Ériu v 182.334 . da bheim ... fo gach aoínbhéim, Duan. F. i 69.29 . biaidh an ghealach comhartha ar a haghaidh fo gach deich dá mbia san uimhir sin the moon will be advanced one sign for each tenth of that number Corp. Astron. 108z .

III Various idioms.

(a)

(1) ATÁ ... FÚM I intend: ... ní fhuil | fúm acht inneal ar olcaibh I aim at nought but sin A. Ó Dálaigh xxxix 13 . más faoisidin bliadhna atá fúd do dénomh, Mac Aingil 151.13 . ris in drochrūn doui fuí, Ériu v 98.8 . do bhríogh nach raibhe faoi an ceathramhadh ... do leigheas because He did not intend TSh. 1524 . Cf. do bhí a bhara faoi fēin díoghaltas do dhéanamh he intended, purposed 6085 (see 2 bara). an t-ógan agá mbí drochfhuadar faoi who is bent on evil 5316 .

(2) ATÁ FO is liable for (?) in tan is innlaeg berar in bo amach is hegen beith fuithe no co mbere laeg isin aige rogellad, O'Curry 653 ; 1100 (< H 3.18, 316 ; 446 ) = masa indlaeg ... is egean beith fuithe, O'Curry 689 (< H 3.18, 334 ). Cf. madh fo rāith dara ... beither, O'Curry 1100 . in inbaidh ... bīthar fo rāith a hinnlaoghais ib.

DO-ICC FO

(1) impugns: tecor fo coruib na druingi seo the contracts of the group are impugned Laws v 184.23 (see do-icc).

(2) is decided upon by: tainic fái a mhainistir ... d'fagbail he decided to leave ( RC xxv 396.31 . tainig fothaib a denam, Fen. 348z .

DO-TÉT FO: ní taīt Dia fo t[h]airngere conid-chumscaiged `God does not come under a promise that He should alter it' Ml. 109a5 . CUIRID ... FO (NECH) incites: an pecadh sin ... do cur faoi to incite him to that sin BCC § 223 . an merughadh sin do cuir an diabul fúd ib. CUIRIM FUM I settle down: iar gcur fúm i gclúidh, Ó Bruad. ii 248 . DO-BEIR ... FO ...: daringni da nathraig ... eittecha ┐ dorat foluamain fóthib for ammus lasoin made two serpents ... winged, and sent them fluttering towards Jason LL 222a23 ( TTr. 363 ). Cf. scarsit fóu ┐ L. `they parted from (?) him and L.' Trip. 130.6 ( Trip.² 1492 ).

(b) the form with 3 s. pron. suff. fó, foí (fáoi) occurs as adv. in some expressions: cid fó cid for ... bem[m]e whether we be beneath or above Snedg. u. Mac R § 7 ( YBL 12a10 ). ó tét grian fáe when the sun sets Maund. 246 . iar ndol don ghréin fáoi `after the setting of the sun' RSClára 15a . tré dhul fé do ghréin a bheatha, Ó Bruad. ii 242 . coirt darach do berbadh ... go ndeach a trian faoi till it is reduced (in bulk) by a third 23 K 42, 332.10 . amail dogentais in mbeirt | co mbad foe Hériu ardneirt Ireland should be subject (to them) Ériu iv 110.2 . mór míad dorad damsa in rí, | dom ríar dorad fiadha faoi he subjugated lands (?) ACL iii 304.22 . Here perhaps : ro thairc ferand fō (: gó), LL 147a35 (`that has won good land' PRIA iii 551 ). cath slebe Fúait ria Fergal dosfanair fói, Arch. Hib. ii 60 § 25 = LL 182bz . Cf. foí.

(c) fá mar as (of manner) : fá mar adeir an file, TSh. 2837 . fá mar dho níd na cearrbhaig ... go meinic, Ó Héodhusa 156 . Later also fé mar. See immar. See now Celtica ix 126 .

IV Fo enters into a number of stereotyped advbl. phrases, each of which will be found under the second constituent : see bíth (-in), commar, dáig(-in), deó(i)d, dered, leth, 1 sech, tharsna.

V Fo- enters into composition

(a) with vbs. as preverb, see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 295 , Thurn. Hdb. § 829 , Sjoestedt-Jonval, Études Celt. iii 219 ff . In some Middle-Irish MSS it is wrongly substituted for other preverbs, see Ériu xiv 129 ff .

(b) with nouns and adjs. as prefix generally either with diminutive sense (with adj. = rather, somewhat , (e.g. fogel), q.v. or that of subordination. Sometimes defining position (e.g. fochóel, q.v.). Hence fo .i. bec nó derōil, O'Dav. 981 .

fo-ceird

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fo-ceird or dil.ie/22405
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: focertiti, fotcicher, nimchicher, -cuirethar, -la, focress, focreasa, fosci[u]rtsa, focheirt, fodosceirdi, foscerdi, foceirt, faceird, focheird, foceird, focertam, fuchertat, focherdat, focerdat, foscerdded, focherded, fochertitís, focerdaitis, fuscerdam, foncerddam, foceirr, foceirr, facherred, focher[r]ad, fochichur, —foíchur, -cichiur, focicherr, fotcicher, chiuchra, —foicher, focichret, foscichret, fasciugrat, fochichred, —foichred, fochart, focairt, fochartatár, fachartar, focertar, fochertar, fomcertor, focerddar, fucertar, focerdatar, fócerddetar, focherte, focertha, focicherthar, focichertar, —foic[h]ert[h]ar, fochichritar, focres, focress, fochress, focreas, focressa, rochres, rochress, do creasadh, bhacresa, facheirdset, —ar, focherdsat, fochertsat, —cuirethar, —cuiretar, cuirthe, cuire, cure, cuirid, —coirther, —corathar, —corad, —corastar, —corthe, —coirthi, —lá, láim, —raltais, —ral, —rol, —rolur, —ralór, laa, laa, —rala, láis, —rabhais, lam, —roláid, rrálat, rolat, lád, —roltis, róiltis, roláosa, rolaus, rodalláus, rollais, laa, ralasom, láeside, —ralae, corralai, láoi, rālastar, lasid, —ralsid, laset, —rolsat, —ralsat, —ralsatar, lafithir, cuirfithir, coraltar, —ralatar, coralta, rolaad, rollaad, rolathe, roláithea, —lathe, —latha, rolaitea, rosaralta, ralta, F., dofuarat

prototonic forms of this verb are found only in the fut. ( ni focertiti , CCath. 2830 is late, and phonetically irregular. Cf. fotcicher ... nimchicher, cited below, II (a)), in other tenses they are supplied by -cuirethar and -la; the —ro— forms are regularly from -lá both in pres. and past tenses. Cf. focress (.i. rolaad), Hy v 48 ; 72 ; 79 . focreasa .i. rocurid, Lec. Gl. 87 .

Forms: A ind. pres. 1 s. fosci[u]rtsa, Phil. Soc. Trans. 1859, 196 (< H 3.18, 75b ). 2 s. rel. focheirt (gl. seminas) Wb. 13c21 . fodosceirdi; foscerdi, LB 219a19 ; 26 . 3 s. foceirt, Wb. 32c11 . Trip.² 904 . faceird, Ml. 94c8 . focheird, LU 8848 . foceird, O'Mulc. 527 . 1 pl. focertam, Wb. 15b4 . 3 pl. (rel.) fuchertat, Ml. 93a25 . focherdat, LU 8848 . focerdat, O'Mulc. 527 . imperf. 3 s. foscerdded, Rawl. 113a1 . focherded LU 5005 . 3 pl. (rel.) fochertitís, LU 7031 ( BDD 67 ; focerdaitis Y). imperat. 1 pl. fuscerdam, Wb. 34a2 ( Ériu xi 136 ). foncerddam, LL 283a19 . subj. pres. 2 s. foceirr Wb. 13c24 . 3 s. foceirr, Laws v 320x . past 3 s. facherred Ml. 124b3 . focher[r]ad, Corm. Y 323 . fut. 1 s. fochichur LU 5761 (= —iur, TBC-I¹ 1290 ). —foíchur, LL 251b20 ( TBFr. § 24 ). -cichiur, BDC 112.138 . 3 s. focicherr, Ml. 87d6 . fotcicher, LL 147a22 . fo chiuchra , LU 4583 . —foicher, TBC-I¹ 706 (= —focher, LU 5184 ). 3 pl. focichret, RC xxvi 38 § 201 . LU 4462 . foscichret, LL 289b7 - 8 . Cf. fasciugrat, LL 119b26 (rhet.). sec. fut. 3 s. fochichred, LU 5291 . —foichred, 6822 ( BDD 38 ). pret. 1 s. fochart, LU 10987 . 3 s. focairt, TBC-I¹ 3656 . LU 3279 . Ériu ii 33.14 , 15 . 3 pl. fochartatár, LU 1735 ( RC ix 480 : Cf. fachartar, Ml. 64a10 ). Pass. pres. s. focertar, Thes. ii 249.10 . fochertar, LU 5018 (= focherddar, TBC-I¹ 529 . fomcertor, ZCP xv 301§4 . focerddar, Sg. 71a19 . fucertar Wb. 34a2 . pl. focerdatar, Ml. 96c11 . fócerddetar, TBC-LL¹ 6145 . imperf. s. focherte, LL 106b34 . subj. past s. focertha, BDD 85 D (focerta UY). fut. s. focicherthar, LU 7129 ( BDD 81 ). focichertar, IT ii 178.137 . —foic[h]ert[h]ar, ZCP xii 235.16 . pl. fochichritar, SR 8324 . pret. s. focres, Ann. Inisf. 2b8 . focress, Hy v 48 ; 72 ; 79 . LU 4618 . fochress, 7060 ( BDD 72 ; focreas Y). pl. focressa, LU 6924 ( BDD 54 ). The pret. pass. rochres, LL 77b19 ( TBC-LL¹ 2586 ), rochress, LU 6439 . do creasadh, Acall. (Leabh. ó Laimhsgr.) ii 73.25 . bhacresa, H 3.17 ; Eg. ( TBC-LL¹ p. 367 ) is by Windisch referred to this verb.

Analogical forms: pret. 3 pl. facheirdset, —ar, TBC-LL¹ 3630 . 3712 . focherdsat, TBC-LL¹ p. 895 n. 11 . fochertsat, Hugh Roe 166.12 (f. 44b) .

B From —cuirethar: ind. pres. 3 pl. —cuiretar, BCr. 32b11 . imperat. 2 s. cuirthe, Ml. 56c5 . cuire, BCr. 32c11 . LU 10821 . IGT, Decl. ex. 460 . cure, LU 4784 . LL 279b17 . 2 pl. cuirid, Wb. 27b11 . subj. pres. 2 s. —coirther, Wb. 10a21 . 3 s. —corathar, Ml. 68b9 . ZCP xi 84.32 (= coradar, LL 294a1 ). past 3 s. —corad, LU 4724 . Metr. Dinds. iv 132.17 . pret. 3 s. —corastar, Ml. 39a3 . LU 4919 . LL 117b34 . TBFr. § 20 . Pass. past subj. s. —corthe, LU 4762 (—coirthe, Eg., —coirthi Y).

C From —lá: ind. pres. 1 s. níro láim , LU 4774 . (?) imperf. pl. 3 —raltais, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 41 § 31 . subj. pres. 1 s. —ral Wb. 7a4 . —rol, LL 251a39 . —rolur, LU 5225 . —ralór, 6875 . 3 s. ro laa , 4740 . mani laa , 4766 . —rala, Wb. 11b21 . Cf. coro láis , LU 1378 (a later -s- formation, like 2 sg. —rabhais ?). 1 pl. coro lam , LU 3781 . 2 pl. —roláid, LU 6874 . 3 pl. co rrálat , LU 6725 ( BDD 21 ; co rolat Y). past subj. 3 s. coro lád , LU 4616 . 3 pl. —roltis, TBC-I¹ 808 = róiltis, LU 5283 . ind. perf. 1 s. roláosa, 4791 ( Pedersen Vgl. Gr., ii 499 , takes this as pres.). rolaus, LL 147a41 . rodalláus, 249b40 . 2 sg. rollais, 251b14 . 3 s. ro laa , Sg. 75a4 . ralasom, Tur. 80 . ro láeside , LU 2928 . —ralae, Ml. 90c17 . corralai, LL 260b14 . ro láoi , IGT, Introd. § 4 . rālastar (: at-āgastar `feared') ACC 56 Comm. 2 pl. ro lasid , Wb. 15d1 . —ralsid, 15a1 . 3 pl. ro laset , Thes. ii 343.43 . roláiset, LU 7032 . —rolsat, Ml. 16d2 . —ralsat, Rawl. 164a48 . —ralsatar, Metr. Dinds. iv 144 . Pass.: fut. lafithir, BDD 81 Eg ( RC xxii 179 n. 13 ; cf. cuirfithir ib. n. 14 ). pres. subj. s. coraltar, LL 269a16 . pl. —ralatar, Laws iv 206.14 . past s. coralta, ScM. § 5 (corolatha; co ro lathea v.l.). perf. ind. s. rolaad, Wb. 13d9 . Sg. 153b6 . rollaad, Ml. 29c1 (second a over line). 44d2 . YBL 212b39 . cor laud, LB 60b31 . pl. rolathe, Rawl. 73b31 . roláithea, Fél. Prol. 41 (—láithe, —lathe, —latha v.l.). rolaitea, Fél.² clvii 7 . Cf. rosaralta (= frisa ralta ?), Ériu viii 156.22 . Vn. 1 cor, q.v.

I

(a) sets, puts, places (with FOR, I N-, IMM, etc.): focertar ... it bois is laid on thy palm Thes. ii 249.10 . fuchertat a laim íarna cúl who put their hand behind their back Ml. 93a25 . focairt dī lāim ima bráigit embraces him ZCP viii 311.14 . foceirtt lamae fair lays hands upon him Mon. Tall. § 66 . ní for fírduine rolaset a ṅgona `inflicted their wounds' (ref. to: in fer fordacorsatar | goíta, Hy v 66 ), Thes. ii 343y . benaid ... a cethri cinnu díb ┐ focheird for ceth[e]ora benna na gabla, LU 4799 . focherd in láech ... lossa ┐ lubi íci ... i cnedaib ... Con C. applies 6341 . focherdat i ndabaig; ... in dabach aile in ro lád, 5201 . is aire sein rolathe na da mac for Tibir, Rawl. 73b31 . fodosceirdi ... it beolu na mírenda `these morsels thou must put in thy mouth' MacCongl. 97z . focheird cach fer a brat immáraile, LU 7542 ( BDD 107 ). focheird fáthi n-imbi, LU 5748 . foruapratar ... in cathraig co ro lasat faithe fiangaiscid impe, Anecd. ii 54 § 16 . dolluid nél solas imme co corustar a beolu for talmain , LB 146a19 . alterutro .i. ní alteroutro ... issechtar rolaa a dilledchi ní immedón `'tis outside he has put (exposuit) its declinability, not in the middle [i.e. not `altero utro'] Sg. 75a4 . ni du choscrad in tempuil storidi ralasom `that He has put it' Tur. 80 (or does this belong to II? Cf. III). Iar mac N. ro láoi íarmbérla san nGaoidhilg, IGT, Introd. § 4 . ro láiset láma do, ┐ ron ergabsat, PH 3101 . Cf. frim gruad corcra ma chora | dom ruacht bochta fombera, Auraic. 5342 (`auch wenn ich Purpur auf meine Wange bringe' Thurn., ZCP xvii 292 ). F.¤ FOR AIRD displays, exhibits: na clesrada ... focheird Fer d. bar aird, TBC-LL¹ 3748 (= tuc St). 3757 (= cuiris a n-airde St). Cf. rolaiset na lama co lanard risna lannaib raised their hands aloft with the blades (?) Ériu viii 44.35 . plants, sows: mad grainne cruithnechte foceirr, Wb. 13c24 . conasrolaside (conid roláas v.l.; leg. condarolaside) isna hinadaib in robo dóig leis a nn-ás, Ériu iv 150 § 29 . ro-hairedh in mag ┐ rolaad sil cruithnechta ann, YBL 212b39 (= Ériu v 114 ). Of pitching (a tent), throwing up (a pile, mound), erecting, etc.: focress a phupall ... for Ailill, LU 4618 (= do A., TBC-LL¹ 390 ). focherdat a puiple icond áth sin, LU 5524 . do creasadh a phuball for an aird-rí, Acall. (Leabh. ó Laimhsgr.) ii 73.25 . card ... fochertitis in tan ba n-orgain. carnd roláiset ... in tan sin they used to make a cairn ... (etc.) BDD 67 ( LU 7031 ). focherte a ḟert ┐ a lecht ┐ a lie, LL 106b34 ( Ériu iv 26 ). rolad a fert ┐ a llia la C., Ériu v 213.122 . tairsiu ... coraltar mo ḟertsa latt, LL 269a16 ( ZCP iii 3 ; coro altar, coro claidter v.l.). focres a fert ann, Ann. Inisf. 2b8 . ro ladh a lia ┐ a lecht ... ar Muig Rein, Fen. 140.1 . tri liic ... Conall C. roda lā `placed them' Ériu viii 156.29 . cuma damh ... cibe focher trillsi treph raises wicker dwellings CS 610 = RC xvii 168 (Tig.), Bruchst. i § 90 (see trilis). For: rolād trā a gāir guba ┐ a ḟert ┐ a lia, Ériu i 120 § 13 , cf. (h).

(b) throws, casts, often of missiles: sís fucertar cech ingor suas fuscerdam ni, Wb. 34a2 . corralsat sis anchoram, Thes. ii 328.41 ( Hy v Comm. ) = co ro laiset sís a n-ingir, IT i 39 (< LB 82 marg. inf.). amal focerdatar saichtea for naimtea, Ml. 96c11 . focherd ... G. saigit forsin anmunna, PH 6304 . fochairt a chroísig forro, LU 3281 . fogabatside in n-id focheird [focheard TBC2] Cú C. ... Fír ol F. Cu C. rodla, 4732 ; 4741 . ní théssid secce conda rala nech úaib co n-áenláim, 4809 . bágais Cu C. ... fochichred cloich as a thábaill forru, 5291 . nochon ḟetur ... ní frisi corthe in t-id `I know not ... anything for which the withe should have been thrown' LU 4762 . fucaird L. liic talma dō `cast a sling-stone at him' RC xii 100 § 135 . fochartatár íarom bunsaig ... isa leth i mbátár na finna, LU 1736 . focherded a líathróit ┐ focherded a loirg ina díaid, 5005 . cía focerta míach ... fora mulluch `though a sackful ... were flung on his crown' 6821 ( BDD 38 ). f¤ saile spits : fo-cresa saile (MS saili) ... i n-einech dúilemon 'the face of the Creator was spat upon', Blathm. 191 ​. focheird a saili forsin n-ailig = projecit Lat. Lives 57 . fochairt [a luathred] i n-alt in maro, LU 1725 . Cf. fo[ci]chiur (?) an īch issan sāile I will throw the salmon Anecd. i 73 § 207 (= nan-cuirer, v.l. ruscurius, RC x 88.11 ). ro láithea for bíastaib `they have been cast to wild beasts' Fél. Prol. 41 . With cognate acc., or advb.: fochichursa aurchor dait, LU 5761 . tuc som a láim fon deil cliss dó ┐ focheird rout n-urchair úad TBC-LL¹ 1270 . focairt imroll missed his aim LU 3279 . ni focertiti imroll les, CCath. 2830 . F.¤ IMMUDU, IMMACH throws away, loses: is cor roda lláus immudu it is a cast wherewith I cast it away, i.e. I have lost it TBFr. § 13 . fon-rollassat immach a lloeg they lost her calf Irish Texts i 7 § 24 . frithe ... sleibe, da trian do fir fodngaib ┐ aentrian ... do neoch foceirr amach, Laws v 320x . F.¤ CRANNCHOR (CRANN), F.¤ AR C. casts lots: rollaad crannchur foir, Ml. 29c1 . focres crandchor forro dús cía díb lasa ragtha i tossoch, LU 6879 ( BDD 47 ; —creasa Y). co rolaset chrandchor inter se, Thes. ii 328.41 ( Hy v Comm = co ro laiset sortem, LB 82 marg. inf.). roláiset cranncur cia dib dia roised in flaithius ar tus, D IV 2, 77 [71]rb10 . focerdar crann eturru dus cia de beres ..., Laws iv 172.9 . focerdat crann iman agh mbeo dus ci ..., 102.11 . co rolaa ar crandchar and cia dia teccema a coimet, YBL 156a23 . See crann and crannchor. Cf. berar mucc ┐ ag ... dóib, ┐ apar friu a mmunter féin da n-irgnam dóib. foscichret i crandchor, RC xiii 444w ( LL 289b8 ).

(c) casts down, overthrows: dobeirsi dí láim friu ... conda ral[a] fón ṅglend pitched them into the valley LL 279b20 ( SG 414 ). Cf. doriacht Cethern ... acus focress in dunad ┐ in longphort foraib ┐ noṅgonand cach imme, TBC-LL¹ 4261 (= fosnobairside iarum tresin dūnad ┐ gontaiseom sochaidi, TBC-I¹ 2761 ). F. TAR CEND upsets, prostrates: is mór ríg ralā dar cend, Hail Brigit § 20 . atnagat a ṅgol ... co corastar na daíni ... tar cend, TBFr. § 20 . ro láiset ... a tech tar a cend, LU 1507 ( MU² 1003 ). Cf. fosceird dar a cend ┐ sí marb she falls down dead LL 117a29 (= RC viii 62 ). Cf. II for constr. Fig. is e ro lá dar cend ar forcetulne PH 1686 .

(d) F.¤ A, DE throws off, expels; drops, sheds: rolaad cech alt as a choir dam (gl. totus resolutus sum a campage membrorum) Ml. 44d2 . amal foceirt nech a aetach de Wb. 32c11 . foceirt a chocal de throws off his cowl Trip.² 904 . focertam fíal diínn, Wb. 15b4 . cuirid díib in nere se (gl. deponite ... de) 27b11 . (of a bull:) fochéird de na tri .l. mac nobitís oc cluchiu fair, LU 5330 . .xx. fer focherd de expelled 5819 . foceird a athair mac ingor a horba (.i. ada cuirid ... as in fearand), Laws iii 52.17 . faceird dia aicniud drives him from his nature (gl. perturbat) Ml. 94c8 . focicher don nirt i ttá `will hurl him from the power in which he is' BNnÉ 307 § 29 . is and roláset na bae a n-adarca díb LL 166a18 (= oralsat, BB 408a44 . con rallsat, Dinds. 123 ). cor lasat a n-adarca `till they cast their horns' Dinds. 16 . (cf. and sin ro chuirset na búair a mbenda, Metr. Dinds. iv 224 ). See also (e). is and rola C. in cennidi dia chinn, ScM. 15 . do láoi don chróisigh a ceann | gearr do bháoi an cróisin gan chrann, IGT, Decl. ex. 577 . F.¤ TAR: focheird úir da luib taris (of a bull ploughing up the earth with its hooves) TBC-LL¹ 1490 . Similarly: fócerddetar in n-úir thairsiu 6145 .

(e) puts forth, emits, sends out: focertar fíadain leó are sent with them LU 8869 ( FB 66 ). na rre ... focerdat in bech saithe `when the bees send out a swarm' Laws iv 172.13 (glossed: i cuirid beich ... uaithib). focherdsat na draoithe gaotha draoidhechta ina ndéoidh, Leb. Gab.(i) i 254z . do neoch fo-cheard doman de `all that earth brings forth' Ir. Review 1912, 248 . an dā each ... rolasett fa sech ri sliab, BColm. 90.4 . rolaad gairm escaire for naomaib hErenn `a call was made on' 54.21 . cuire huait, BCr. 32c11 (gl. tolle opp. to adde). Cf. di[a]ndrala huait CXVIII dofuarat latt ... (gl. tolle Kalendas, remanent CXX) Bvi 74 (`subjektlos,' hence 3 s., Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 499 ). gur láoi ioth, KMMisc. 168 § 5 .

Cf. focress di grán, mass a méin (om. comma and render: its ore was sent from a goodly grain ?), Metr. Dinds. iii 120.16 .

(f) launches (a boat): rolaisead a curach for muir, RC xxvi 136 § 8 . Cf. focerd a luing ... sech Eirinn soir `steered his vessel' Lism. L. 252 .

(g) In various figurative senses corresponding to above: ní rolsat som cumachtae ṅDé diib did not cast off the power of God Ml. 16d2 . focertar side ... hi selbad ind fir sin `is thrown into the possession of' 30c3 . i n-oena focerddar ┐ dofuasailgther cach áram (gl. omnes numeri ex [singulari] componuntur) Sg. 71a19 . is illeith Duid ... focert a n-ugturras refers (ascribes) their authorship to D. Hib. Min. 4. 131 . nach breth dobeirthe co Conn, foscerdded Conn cucisum, Caratnia § 1 . ro lá gach oman de, Leb. Gab.(i) i 198y . cach eccomnart ... romfarraid ... ro laas dīm fom cumhang, BNnÉ 301.2 . raráid A. ná curfed P. de in n-athis ... coro ralad tria chath ... do denam fri Grécu, LL 228a34 ( TTr. 818 ). in feil bis for luan focertar for mairt the feast ... is transferred to Tuesday LB 9b46 ( Rule of Tallaght § 10 ). o atraracht Crist a bás rolaad in cháisc iarom for dómnach was transferred to Sunday KMMisc. 146.5 . abbair fris, ní corathar a ḟlaith eter rindi gaí, ZCP xi 84.1 . foncerddam il-leth ar Tigernai let us entrust ourselves to our Lord LL 283a19 . Lism. L. viii . nícon béosa fot chumachta-su bas ire diandum roib forsa rol mo greis, TBFr. § 22 (`if I have anyone under whose protection I may put myself' Ériu xi 94 ). Cf. forollat for do greiss that have come [? put themselves ?] under thy protection Ériu viii 173.18 . See Mary Byrne, Ériu xi 94 ff . rolāsett each an dru[i]th ... for greis in aesa imthruimm, BColm. 90.5 . Cf. rotog ... gach dechnebar dib a menmarc do naemuib E., ┐ rolaiset fora muinteras ... ┐ rolaiset forro ainecrus a n-indtige ┐ a n-imtechta co toirsitis E., Lism. L. 2073 . do neoch doraega ┐ ro laí ina muinteras, LU 1393 (cf. II below). rolaite for coindmed cach naidchi they were quartered out every night YBL 209b46 ( Ériu v 236 ). focerd a n-oman cach tuaith `it casts every tribe into dread' Fianaig. 12 § 19 . ma cuaird focheird a toimsi it is measured by the circumference SR 169 = ima cuairt ... focert a tomus, Laws i 28.25 . rolasid súil torunn you have taken our measure Wb. 15d1 . 15a1 . ní ro láim súil toraib isind fid `I cannot cast my eye over them' (i.e. cannot see them all together) LU 4774 . tíagait ... co rolsat súil tairsiu ┐ ba dírim leó in slúag, 3782 ( SCC 35 ). Cf. o ralathur suil dar cach, Ériu ii 229 § 8 . focheird airdmius forsin lorg makes an estimate of LU 4788 . roláosa ... fomus forsa nī sin, 4791 . Mael S. ... focheird síth ima sen-mag `spreads peace' Metr. Dinds. i 44 . With DO of person: offers, grants (to): cid dam focerdta roga | nogegainn mo choimthoga if I were given my choice ZCP vi 267 § 11 . focres rogu do Mug Ruith do thírib Muman viii 314.19 . ro lád roga dóib, LU 8720 ( FB 54 ). With FOR of pers. lays, imposes (on); bestows (on): rolā cāin forsna clanna, Hy i 52 ( Thes. ii 306 ). cáin Patraic ... fucres for cach claind, Trip. 214.1 (2518) . turfochruic flathu foceird for doim `which he grants to an indigent person' (one of the seven bestowals not recoverable by distraint) Laws v 264.16 . rolá bricht forru cast a spell over them Metr. Dinds. iii 388.27 . F.¤ COMAIRLI takes counsel; plans: focres comairli ic lucht na cathrach cidh dogentais, CCath. 920 . focressá comairle léo cinnus dogendais ..., 130 . Cf. focresa cro comairle ┐ cindti comraid ac macaib S. Ériu viii 56.9 . F.¤ COR, CUAIRT turns, twists, makes a stir; goes round; visits; searches: nocon foicher cor dia chind riut will not turn his head towards thee TBC-I¹ 706 (= focher, LU 5184 ). na curid cor díb do not stir LL 259b20 ( IT i 67 ). focheird C. cor n-íach n-eirred de, LU 9119 ( FB 87 ). focerd Fergus cor conidralai for tech mbecc, IT i 144.4 (= do lá F. cuairt, ZCP v 501 . Cf. luid C. ┐ B. du chur cúarta fofúaratár óentech, LU 10579 ). focherd a suilchor issin tig casts a glance ib. IT i 144.16 (= foceird luathchor dá sūil isin tigh, ZCP v 501 ). oral cúairt fuiribsi that I may visit you Wb. 7a4 . asbert M. ... ar a n-indled a noi carpti dí coro lád cor isin dúnud, LU 4616 . regmai coro lam cor imón slúag, 3781 . ro lá curu in gaeth ... im Inber ..., Otia ii 82 . coro lá cor immán rigthech, LU 8381 ( FB 25 ). luid ... corralai cor imma techsom, LL 260b14 ( IT i 74 ). fochichret cuaird in domuin will go round SR 8088 . cia leith focheird a chainchuaird, 1198 . rolá cúairt hÉrend fo thrí `he made the circuit of Erin thrice' Metr. Dinds. i 16.30 . Cf. fochress cach cúaird imm alaile don díbeirg fri éitsecht in scéoil arranged themselves in concentric circles LU 7060 ( BDD 72 ). See 1 cor, 1 cúairt. focheird cor tra do menmannaib araile cid foruair, etc., the minds of some are exercised by the question, what caused LB 212a66 ( Alex. 1014 ). F.¤ COR makes a contract or agreement: cor focerdcar [sic] seach aga fine `a covenant made without the knowledge of the chief' Laws iv 60.12 . cor foceird baeth fri gaeth, iii 6.19 . dā cor focerdaiter fri hechlacha, iv 58.24 Comm . nach cor ... focerdtar for aes forngaire, ZCP xiii 23.23 ( Bürgschaft 11 § 37 ). inge secht n-uasalchuru nadat asu do thaithbiuch neochma rolatar [sic leg., ZCP xvi 271 ], Laws iv 210.2 . fo bith nand asu dichenglad cor mbel inneochma ralatar, 206.14 . coro-lasat a curu bliadain fri D., Dinds. 22 = BB 363a6 . With ellipse (cf. i): flaith foceird fri anflaith, Laws v 358.7 (expld. in Comm. p. 360 as one who accepts stock from an unlawful or extern chieftain). Cf. focerd fri flaith n-eachtrunn, ii 286.5 Comm . Similarly: focerd a mainche fri eagluis (= makes a contract of service with? See mainche) iii 68.5 . Eochaid mac O. focheird cuindlic [ = cuindilc] ┐ a hocht brathair E. and his eight brothers make a pact Anecd. iii 61.15 . focartatar coindi[l]c ib. 30 . ┐ focheird a ḟoesam ┐ a oentaid fris, Fél. 132.25 (see fáes(s)am). cach cor ... cach idnucul focertur forsna urgurtuib sa (.i. cuirither resin lucht ro urgairustur dligedh cunnrud do denum), Laws ii 290 ( ZCP xiv 376 ). Cf. is mōr ríg frisrala cor currech Corpri ... `whom the Curragh of C. has overthrown' [? to whom ... has plighted itself] Hail Brigit § 16 . F.¤ BEDG makes a leap, jumps, springs: focheird bedg cuce springs at him LL 260a41 ( IT i 72.19 ). rola Cu Ch. bedg de tresin mbudin, LU 1517 ( MU² 1015 ). focherdat in miolcoin bedg i mBrei, TBFr. § 5 . focheird Cu Ch. tri bidcu ina ndíaid, LU 5795 . See bedg, and cf. do-cuirethar. Cf. ni fuailfed focheird inti | luaithred M. `no motion in it made the ashes of M.' Metr. Dinds. ii 62.5 . F.¤ SCÍS rests: arrallsat scis a tig rig, YBL 13a21 ( Snedg. u. Mac R p. 12 ). Cf. lotar hi tír do chor a scísi, Trip.² 376 .

(h) of sounds, noises: utters, makes; raises (a shout, cry): focherdat ... gāir foa cheer him LU 8849 ( FB 64 ). focheird osnaid sighs LL 371a8 . ro lasat gáir mesca 259b15 ( IT i 67 ). biasta ... fochichret gaire garga SR 8060 . focherd srainn snores BS § 27.1 . focerd ilach cheers Laws i 244.6 Comm. focertitis ualla mora ┐ grithghairi `uttered great yells and howls' RC xiv 46.2 . baili i ralsat Gaill grithgair, Rawl. 164a48 = ait i rrollsat G. crithgair, LL 185a44 ( Arch. Hib. ii 85 ). roláadh gáir móir and, TTr.² 1640 . dia ralsatar fíanna faíd `raised a cry' Metr. Dinds. iv 144 . focheird fáid ... cloc bind, Auraic. 5131 . foceird fit ... frissin n-escmogin hisses at O'Mulc. 527 . Cf. for braigtib rig foceird feit (of a sword) LU 1042 ( ACC 101 ) = LU 9673 ( ZCP iii 214 ). fochartatar a ndord n-impi, LU 7850 ( BDD 141 ). a ngloim ro lásat na tri .l. curach oc tuidecht hi tír (the noise they made) LU 6935 ( BDD 55 ). Here perhaps f.¤ grith: (of weapons on a rack:) ro lásat grith co mbátár for lár in tige, LU 6936 ( BDD 55 ). (of swords, etc. tossed by a juggler:) fochartatár grith immi co mbátar for lár in tige, LU 7560 , 7568 ( BDD 109 , 110 ). foceird armgrith mór a rrígthech the house clattered (?) LU 8203 ( FB 15 ). (of a regiment:) an armgrith rolāsad oc teacht ind rēimme, TBC-I¹ 3221 . fochertar armgrith mór leo .i. mac sethar ind ríg do folmaisiu a báis, LU 5018 . rola Temair tri crithu [leg. grithu ?] di ┐ rolaiset na sluaigh ... ┐ roláset primdingnai Erenn uile, Anecd. ii 7.19 . Cf. f.¤ dírna, below, III.

(i) performs, executes, wages: f.¤ cath, etc.: fochartatar ... an [leg. na] coin cocluiche `the hounds had a coursing-match' RC xii 72 § 43 . secht catha raláe ma thīr, LL 44b33 (= ro ládh mun tir, 380b41 ). desin rolád ... in cath for fál F. `hence was fought ... the battle at the fence of F.' Metr. Dinds. iii 346.97 . gur laoi is Oilill cath Cláraigh GF, Ir. Monthly 1919, 168 . With FOR of defeated side: in cath ... rolá for leith Chuind, Metr. Dinds. iii 200.17 . With FRI of opponent: co róiltis glied fris, LU 5283 . Cf. anaid sund ... conid rolursa frisin fer n-ucut till I tackle that man LU 5225 . mad comáes nod corad fris `had it been his match in age who opposed him' Metr. Dinds. iv 132. 17 . DO: focerd gliaidh do Aen. 2505 . Cf. focichret for collaib coin congala, RC xxvi 38 § 201 . co rrálat a ndíbeirg for firu Alpan, LU 6725 (`that they may wreak their rapine on the men of A.', Stokes, BDD 21 ). co rrólsat a ndibeirg lais, LU 6729 ( BDD 22 ). f.¤ ár (with gen. of obj.) slaughters; overthrows in battle: fochiuchra for tiugára, LU 4583 (= con curfe, TBC-LL¹ 290 ). focerddat a n-ár ┐ marbait in ríg, LL 242b5 ( TTr. 1910 ). cor muidh for Gallaib ┐ cur ládh a n-ár, RC xvii 351.20 (Tig.). co rolládh a n-ár etir ergabail ┐ marbadh, 355.26 (Tig.). rosceastar sliabh nEthna sruaim tened ... gu ro lae ar daini ┐ cethra ann, CCath. 854 . co ráemid for Gúari corro lad ár cend and LU 9605 . focerdded ār ceann and, BB 428b29 . Cf. co rolad ár mór dib and, Ann. Inisf. 19a14 (988) .

II Used to take the place of an intrans. vb. of motion.

(a) in older lang. in impers. constr., often with inf. pron. obj. (see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 310 ff .): facheirt in alios sonos `it puts itself [ = passes] into other sounds' Sg. 4b6 . fosceird dar a cend ┐ sí marb she falls down dead LL 117a29 (cited above, I c). This is evidently the same construction as that in: arnach corathar immoth ... dia seirc that he may not become stupefied from love of them Ml. 68b9 . Cf. dia corastar Saul foir isin nuaim i mboí when S. chanced upon him Ml. 39a3 . bec nacham ralae i nderchoíniud I almost despaired 90c17 . (Cf. becc náchimrala húathbás, BDD 87 Y, where DEU omit becc). ni foichred cnoi díb for lár not one nut would fall LU 7329 ( BDD 97 ; ni rossed cnú díb lár, Eg.). focerd F. cor conidralai for tech mbecc ann, IT i 144.5 . foscerd iarsin i n-araile indsi `they land' RC x 72 (foscairt v.l.). foscerd do inis they come to an island Anecd. i 56 § 45 ; fosceirt, 59 § 74 . dochuamar a tir sunna, ronla a nuaim in Ciclopdai `we landed here and went into the Cyclops cave' Aen. 154 . is and rolasi co Cathbath, LL 259b26 . YBL 109b37 ( IT i 68 ; rolaad sí, Eg.). foscerd ... imonsech fo c[h]osmailess luathrinde they are whirled round (of three opposing sea-currents) Corm. Y 323 . nosuighfedh cid Erind focher[r]ad ind, ib. fotcicher i súan | nimchicher i súan thou wilt fall asleep. I will not LL 147a22 ( PRIA iii 548 ). nach duine rodacuala son foscerded i cess, LL 126a18 . focerd E. i ces a ben do eludh `it grieved E. that his wife had eloped' Ériu xii 188.7 . foscichreth uili i ndāssacht, Ériu ii 136.1 . amal snechtae fosceird i robāne `which is cast into great whiteness' 130 § 99 . fosceird iar sen a muir naill, YBL 6b45 (= focheirdat ass iar sein hi mmuir n-aill LU 1887 ; see section b below). foscerdsom ína cotludh they fall asleep YBL 5a21 = fochairt inna cotlud, LU 1801 . Cf. srethius fair ... in slig conid rallá ina chomsudiu, LU 5148 . rolá didiu i socht ... Mac D. Mac D. became silent ScM. 3 . roslá i socht na hUlto, 9 (= rolá socht mór forra R). focherd A. i serg de A. falls into a wasting sickness LU 10730 (TÉ). ge robatar longphorta slog in domain i n-athfoccus don tigh sin ni rolae tigerna in tige i snimh ... uair ni rabattar ... innmassa occo, CCath. 3337 . is ann sin ro láa [rogabsat; ro ba v.l.] curudha ... for tocbháil a fedhma catha, CCath. 2016 (cf. section c). Cf. ni rola imroll mo urchur cussindiu, LU 3281 .

Exceptionally to express completion of action: ic coistecht fris dóib uile coro láis in tasfénad sin do dénam, LU 1378 (= con roisc, LL 280b32 , corroisc, YBL 120b25 ). Cf. rolāi dí had achieved ' Fianaig. 46 § 9 .

(b) Somet. with reflex. inf. pron.: foscerdat inna buidne form ranks LU 4684 , cf. ro lasat i ndrungo ... ┐ buidne, BB 414b10 . Cf. TBC-I² 246 n. 211 .

(c) hence as intrans. vb. denoting indefinite motion (though some of the following may be corruptions really belonging to section a). lit. and fig.: is and fochichersom ar gním n-aithergaib [sic leg.] `he will resort to' BDD 102 c , (cf. CCath. 2016 cited in section a). focicher crú tria chnessaib blood will burst through skin (?`ich werde Blut ... springen lassen' Wi.) TFerbe 648 . focertat i suan co cenn tri la fall asleep RC xiv 46.17 (cf. YBL 5a21 cited in section a). focherddat Ulaid chuci, LL 124a25 ( Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 6 ). focerd C. a magh mor a aenur `C. found himself on' [went in to ?] IT iii 195.3 . focherd i tracht romra comes to (= anchors in) Anecd. ii 15 § 8 . focerd in long i roibi S. ┐ lenaid for carraic ` struck ' Aen. 1010 . focairt chos in Duind C, ar adairc a chele alighted TBC-I¹ 3656 . focaird forsin cuanlocht na mac tíre came upon the wolf-pack ZCP viii 310.40 . Cf. ar chribais il-leirg ... daceird [focheird v.l.] [my dog] comes upon a pig (?) IT i 162.4 ( LL 208a12 ). fochard and Morrigan ... do tascc an catha `proceeded to proclaim' RC xii 108 § 166 .

Cf. rolaus cian i cein | ar do charait i mbrōn, LL 147a41 ( PRIA iii 548 . Supply cuairt ?).

III In the following idiomatic constructions

(a) with AR (cf. II): ni áil dúib á iarfigid arna rala for cubus áiri lest it distress your conscience Wb. 11b21 (Thes. takes `for' as prep., comparing: act ni roib ní for cocubus, 30a16 ). focerd a chubus som ar tomailt torith na muindtiri `he exercised his conscience about eating the produce' Mon. Tall. 77 . ni ralá do cless n-airiut cosinnocht never troubled (?) thee LU 7562 ( BDD 109 ). ní arná corad mo chiall | arna fordulu no tíag it is not that my mind heeds not the strayings (= that I am not acting intentionally ?) LU 4724 . Michél ... focheird mo menma airi `M. ... my mind is set on him' Ériu ii 92.6 .

(b) In the following the vb. seems transitive: focairddsi menmain for in gilla set her heart on RC xxv 346 § 2 . ní foíchiursa mo menmain for óclach n-aile, TBFr. § 24 . ro láeside menmain fora macsom, LU 2928 . Cf. ráthaigis E. aní sin ┐ focheird a menmain airi she considered it (= was puzzled by it ?) LU 10743 .

(c) focerd dano menma in coca thairis cur bhá slan a sechtmain the cook forgot him (?) till a week passed Lism. L. 1997 .

(d) f.¤ for weighs on, grieves, vexes: na cuirid fortsu sin ... uair fogebum uili in t-olc sin grieve not for that BB 445a37 ( Mer. Uil. 10 ). ralágh [prob. for ro-lá] ... cumha a banchéle for an ríg coma ... imeslān é, ZCP xiii 197.12 . bai aenfer ... fornar laessat na cumscaigthi mora sin `whom those great commotions did not affect' CCath. 1086 . atcuas doséin a mhac do epilt. rolá fair go mór go mbaí hi siurcc, AFM vi 2218.20 . (of rain:) ba moa rolá for muintir Uí D. na frossa ferthana ... inás for ṡlógh an Gh., 2034.2 . ar a mhēd rolā fair gan a ṡlogh dia tharrachtain, Hugh Roe 252.29 (67b) .

ba fou fachart[at]arsom it was for that that they applied(?) it Ml. 64a10 . Cf. ni du choscrad in tempuil storidi ralasom `it is not of the destruction of the ... temple that he has put it (gl. non id ille dixit quod illi dicunt Comm. on Marco P. xiv 58 ) Tur. 80 . ba dō fachairtsam son, ar nicontissed aridisse, RC xi 444.3 (= ba do focerdsom anni sen for Coin C. fodeig arna contissed ..., ZCP iii 247.1 ). (Expl. of cruimther as transl. of premther:) in Bretain ... it ē dorintaiset ┐ is anni as premter dorintaiset. is fair iarom rolaset legnidhe na mB. annīsin: amail is lomm, etc. Corm. Y 211 (= is fáei ... latharsat LB; is foi ... rolasat HM. O'Don., Corm. Tr., renders LB `accordingly the literati of the B. explained it'). ni cian rollā for dāla did not long delay (?) SR 7651 .

(e) f.¤ dírna di = scares (?): fochérd dírna mór din tslóg co luid Medb día chosc, LU 4685 . atracht in slōg uile ara chind ┐ rola dirmae din chath imbi oc teacht isin telaig TBC-I¹ 3288 = ro lá dírna dina cathaib ┐ dina sluagaib ac déscid in láich sin, TBC-LL¹ 5391 . See Hermathena 1931 p. 4 , and cf. f.¤ grith I (h) above.

fochraí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fochraí or dil.ie/22492

 

Forms: fochrai, ḟochruib

n , f. a partition or wall of boards (?): crandc[h]aingel ... is cliat[h] a ainm cona f.¤ clāraid, Corm. Y 371 . (= coni fochrae claraigh , Phil. Soc. Trans. 1859, 176 < H 3.18, 66.1 ). (post salutam maceriam) in fochrui .i. á n imbe bís immun fini ón (f.¤ that is, the fence which is around the vine) Ml. 102a13 . g s. airddi na fochrai fo lí | huasna fothaib findruini | cubat fri fut a lāme (corrected from fochlai) SR 4249 , of Tabernacle , corresponding to: rop e airde na froiged findruine .i. cubat ..., LB 120b34 . d p. eclas ... cetharcuir cu ḟochruib forórdai aice ib. l.22 = cu focraib BB 241b29 , corresp. to: fachlai febdai forordai, SR 4228 .

Cf. 1 fochraíb (?)

foídid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. foídid or dil.ie/22840

 

Forms: foid, foidiu, foides, foedes, faides, foídit, foíte, foíd, -fuide, foídis, foidis, foidsi, foitsi, foítis[s]i, foídi, rofaidi, fuiter, foítir, foiter, foíditir, faiditir, foíté, nomfaíte, rofoíded, foíte, faoite, foite, foítea, -roitea, rofaíte, -iud, foíd-, faíd-, faed-, fóed-, fuíd-, foí, foí, fáise, foi, rofaíd, diarfóed, rofaed, fúid, rofoídestar, fáitte, fáitti, faete, fosroiti, fuithe, foíte, faítti, -e, fáitte, foíté

v ī Early forms: ipv. 2 s. foid, LU 9578 . pres. 1 s. not foidiu , TBC-I¹ 3012 (= ar-dot-faedim, TBC-LL¹ 4767 ). 3 s. rel. foides, SR 1017 . foedes (v.l. faides) Hy i 33 . 3 pl. foídit Sg. 181a2 . rel. foíte, 117a5 . Subj. pres. 1 s. no foíd , Wb. 23d1 . 3 s. -fuide, Laws ii 26.14 . pret. 3 s. foídis, Mon. Tall. § 85 . foidis, SR 1917 . 2565 . (with pron. suff.:) foidsi, foitsi, Ardm. 18b1 ( Thes. ii 242.14 ). (with fem. emph. pron.?) foítis[s]i ... úadi, LU 6147 . perf. 3 s. rod foídi , Wb. 7d2 . rofaidi, SR 2600. 3166 . Pass. ipv. fuiter, RC iii 344.18 . pres. s. foítir, Wb. 25a8 . foiter (rel.) 17a11 . pl. foíditir, LU 2197 . faiditir , 3457 . imperf. s. no foíté , LU 6054 . past subj. s. nomfaíte, LU 5960 ( -foite, TBC-I¹ 1493 ). pret. and perf. s. rofoíded, Wb. 23a7 . pl. foíte, LU 4482 (hence perhaps: faoite teachta .i. do cuireadh t., O'Cl.). Cf. foite dias, 1772 , where it may be s. ro foítea , Wb. 27c35 . -roitea, 5a3 . rofaíte (rel.) LU 2501 .

Vn. foít, later foíded (-iud), q.v.

In Mid. Ir. as well as foíd- (faíd-, faed-, fóed- fuíd-) a stem foí occurs: ipv. 2 s. foí, PH 1569 . Cf. fáise, Ériu viii 22 § 25 . perf. 3 s. rus foi (: -naí), LB 274b2 (= CCellaig 430 ). Usually rofaíd: SR 2177 . diarfóed, 1805 . rofaed, 7071 . 7229 . ro fúid , PH 4554 . rofoídestar, 2601 . For the pret. or hist. pres. 3 s. fáitte, TBC-LL¹ 2422 (= foídis, LU 6268 ). TBC-LL¹ 3017 (= do-bretha, TBC-I¹ 2212 ). TBC-LL¹ 6074 . fáitti, 2400 (= faoidis St). faete, Auraic. 280 , cf. Strachan, ZCP ii 485 - 6 , Ériu xiv 34.75 . Cf. fosroiti, LL 283b4 (has sent him?). fuithe, ZCP xiii 174.23 may be for foíte, pass. pret. s.

The form faítti, -e in: fáitte fessa ┐ tecta uaitsiu cot chairdib, CRR 7 (bis) seems meant for ipv. pass. Can it be verb. necess. understood as such? Possibly an imitation of LU 4482 by one who misunderstood the old form of pret. pass.

Sends (a pers. or thing): transl. Lat. mittere Wb. 23a7 . 23d1 . Ml. 34c9 . faoidh no do fhaoidh .i. do chuir, O'Cl. du foid Pátricc in carpat cu Sechnall ... foidsi S. ... cu Manchán, Ardm. 18b1 ( Thes. ii 242 ). ro fuid-side indi Paladius ... do praicept do Goídelaibh, Trip. 30.12 (289) . mad fuit notfuide neach fri fothugh techta, Laws ii 26.14 . foidis Noe in colum ... | uad for in linnmuir, SR 2565 . faidhis M. ... techta ... don cathraig, Marco P. 24 . rofaidhe uadha ina cona sin for lurg ina n-óg, Anecd. ii 60z . roḟáidh a marcslógh uadh do crechadh in tíre, CCath. 176 . roḟaoídh tra an Iustis on ccampa ... cuidechta do chaptinibh ... do dhenamh creach, AFM v 1586.1 . Abs.: ma thechtai-siu nech is miscais latt, foíd co hIerusalem, ┐ ... ticfa chucat iarna sróigled, PH 6665 . otchondairc Edilfrid rofoi cuccu, Anecd. iii 72 (= in hos arma verti iubet Beda ii 2 ). faidfet-sa anoir co Cruachān, Fen. 402.12 . Impers. pass. no foíté co cach láth ngaile messages were sent LU 6054 (= no faidti cach l., TBC-I¹ 1582 ). Cf. is aire fosroiti i tossaig he was sent (i.e. died) first LL 283b4 = is air do fucadh, Lism. L. p. lx . Of sending a petition, command, etc., the message may be expressed by a verbal clause, or, in an apparently elliptical constr, by a noun: fuiter uaid cusin mB. ... co tu[d]chuid, RC iii 344.19 . fuiter cusin D. tuidecht do accallaim a maicc, 345.1 . With extension of meaning: gébas Ailech acht dréch ros-foid | ni fitir nech coich nā cia save Him that hath sent them none knoweth who shall possess A. LL 182a21 ( Arch. Hib. ii 50 ). Ni faid nech na seotu so cin naidm sends away (i.e. lends?) Laws v 278.6 . nosfoidend fein (the voice) emits itself Auraic. 382 .

f.¤ a spirut (dochum nime) gives up the ghost, dies: rofoidh tra H. a spirut, LL 406b3 = TTr.² 1196 . foídis a spirut iar sin dochum nime, LB 151b52 . ro ḟaoidh a spiorad docum nimhi i nDuibhreccles C., AFM iii 8y . comhainm an laoí in ro ḟaoídh Muire a spiorat `on the anniversary of the day on which M. yielded her spirit' vi 2126.5 . tug a osnad mór os aird co rofhaoidh a spiorad dochum nimhe, BS § 86 . ro fhill [Ísu] a chend iar sin, ┐ ro fhoíd a spirut, PH 2900 .

Gramm.: ni in `gi' foídit a sechmadachte (e.g. negligo neglexi) Sg. 181a2 . Cf. bá in `-is' ba téchte tobarthid do thecht a nominibus foíte genitin in `-rum' that make the genitive in -rum Sg. 117a5 . In the latter instance the meaning seems to be throws off, develops .

Occas. used in wider senses of fo-ceird: faítsetar ... étgud Ailella ... immon corthe put TBC-LL¹ 4440 = do cuiretar St. don tenid in ro faíte na tri meic oc Nabcodon, LU 2501 ( RC xxv 234 ). faidhit dín claraigh uasa mbarcuibh they set a covering of planks over their barques Marco P. 145 . foidisium oc slechtanaib for carraic betook himself to RC x 80.14 . fuidis ... Guaire essomuin friu, ACL iii 3.8 (cf. fearus E. esemain fris, ZCP v 523 ).

1 gním

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 gním or dil.ie/26218
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: gnímo, gnimo, gníma, gníim, gnímai, gnima, gním, gníme, gními, gníme, ngnimae, gnímu, gnímo

n u, m. g s. gnímo, Wb. 3c23 . gnimo, Sg. 153a3 . gníma, Wb. 6a11 . a s. gníim, 1d7 . n p. in gnímai , Ml. 99d9 . in gnima , 116d5 . gním, Wb. 13d29 . gníme, 31b30 . gními, 28b20 . g p. gníme, 13d15 . inna ngnimae , Ml. 66b5 . a p. gnímu, Wb. 4a9 . 17a13 . gnímo, Thes. ii 252.16 (Stowe Miss.). Sometimes n. in chevilles, v. inf.

(a) As vn. of gníid in various senses: doing, performing, executing: gním pectho the commission of sin, Wb. 25d8 . ropo fochonn gnímo don peccad a n-irgaire, 3c23 . a thal de gnim to do his will, RC xi 129.10 . icc gnim na mórchaingen sin `transacting ...,' CCath. 3250 . ni chumgaid olc na maith do gním, Alex. 989 . an marbhadh sin do ghniomh, AFM v 1872.10 . ar ngniomh na goili fine `after perpetrating the kin-murder,' Leb. Gab.(i) i 36.9 . TD 35.6 . making, constructing: oc gním a sosta making their huts, TBC-I¹ 166 . do gním tuir noīthig Nemrúaid 'to build the famous tower of Nimrod', SR (Greene) 275 . g.¤ catha, etc. waging battle: ic gnimh in catha catharda fighting the civil war, CCath. 4584 . ag gniomh an iomairicc, AFM vi 2132.9 . g.¤ ech exercising horses: lā dia nde[ch]adar sescad ridiri do gním a n-ech, ZCP vi 278.3 . eich dá ngníomh, TD 11.20 ; 34.13 ; 6.9 .

(b) Intrans. acting, action, activity, work: gl. actio, Ml. 15b1 . in belrai .i. is and atá gním tengad (gl. linguae spectat officium ...), 31b23 . 47b13 . crux didu ainm do gním in chrochtho ... the act of crucifixion, Wb. 8a5 . slond gnimo hi rec dogni indidit, Sg. 153a3 . i ngním et bésib, Wb. 23c11 a. gnim ┐ bestata ┐ morolus action and virtue ..., Hib. Min. 358 . bruth ┐ gním ruirech lais, BDD § 99 . do gním a lámi féin, TFerbe 247 . gnim claidib sword-play, CCath. 3618 . fuasgaltar iad do ghníomh a gcarad `by the action of their friends,' TSh. 4353 . lionn fuar ar bhfulang gnioma do lionn ruad air enduring the action of ..., 23 K 42 149.12 . peacadh gniomha actual (as opposed to original) sin, Donlevy 148.16 . grása gníomha efficient grace, 210.11 . Of the action or effects of medicines: doni gnim cosmail re meisce, O'Gr. Cat. 216.21 . is romór a ngnim ar in corp, 213.17 . doicc i ng.¤ is carried into effect: in fogail ... ni tainic a ngnim, Laws iii 138.4 Comm. acht co n-icsed a ngnim, O'Curry 630 ( H 3.18, p. 304 ). cuirid i ng.¤ puts into action, practises: cuir do briathra a ngnim change your talk for action, RC xix 34 ( Fierabras § 36 ). gach ní noerrdercaiged docuiredh féin i ngníomh, xxv 396 § 12 . do cuireadh sin re séan ngníomh 'that was successfully prosecuted', Celtica xxvi 106 § 50 . ó gním in deed (opp. to natura), Wb. 21b2 . de gním in deed, in effect: go n-abraid do ghníomh nach dleaghair dhóibh ... giall dó, TSh. 3043 . adeir an marbh ... do ghníomh, nach bí neach ag tabhairt láimhe leis féin, 4736 . Leg. fer gníma the champion (lit. `man of action') who acts for a woman in case of trial by battle: a fer gníma ise nodsaig isin roe, O'Curry 795 ( H 3.18, p. 370a ) = fer lesach, Laws i 140.8 Comm. A definite act, deed: bid mogda in gním, IT i 98.3 . dodéna gním n-granna n-garg, 70.24 (Eg.). mac bec doriṅgni in gním sain, TBC-LL¹ 947 . gním demnach, LL 4910 . gním as úaisliu, Fél. Oct. 23 . Fél. Dec. 17 . gabtar an toil urlam ar son an gnima (= voluntas prompta pro opere reputatur), O'Curry 2223 ( Eg. 88, f. 16 (17)b ). a nem-eiric in gnima sa, Laws i 6.28 . gniómh fallsa, Dán Dé xxxi 19 . do ghníomh a gcarad, TSh. 4353 . gníomh nár ḟéadodar d'ḟulong, TD 18.27 . pl. imfresnat a ngníme fria mbriathra, Wb. 31b30 . congnemmis gnímu colno, 4a9 . fo gnimaib midither Dia for duine, Laws i 48.24 Comm. i ngnimaib na fírinne, PH 5863 . ZCP x 348 § 10 . In chevilles: gnim cert, SR 3167 . g.¤ ṅgann, 3219 ; g.¤ ṅgúr, 7371 . g.¤ ṅglegrach, Arch. Hib. ii 73 § 50 ( LL 184a44 ). ni gním ṅgoa, ib. § 51 ( ib. 46 ). Without qualifying adj. (1) an act of prowess, an exploit: (2) a wicked deed, a crime (cf. meanings of écht, bét and 1 glond): a ḟergnīma, TBC-I¹ 363 . do scelaibh do gnima ┐ do gaisgid, ZCP vi 31.18 . is mór in gním Cormac ... do marbad, RC viii 358.8 . gním na n-ingen ... i taeb Temrach (i.e. the slaughter of the maidens), LL 4911 . Used loosely of a fact, an occurrence: andsin adces taidbsi ... is tresin ngnim sin rothuig T. fuagrad na faistine, TTebe 4143 . Of a special kind of activity proper to someone or something function, duty, work: is and atá gním tengad (gl. linguae spectat officium), Ml. 31b23 . gnim an gabhann, BNnÉ 65 § 96 . ithé gními epscuip, Wb. 28b20 . conderna gnímu moga, 17a13 . cid do-beir na cóic ṡéotu do eneclainn in boairech? Ni anse, a gníma (`his functions,' Mac Neill), Críth G. 163 ( Laws iv 308.26 ). ite inso trá gnima bóairech, Críth G. 183 . acht na methat a ngnimu, Laws v 272.11 . ata dono naidm gaibes gnimu raithe ... ata aitire gaibhes gnimu nadma, ZCP xiii 24.10 ( H 3.18, p. 21a ), see Bürgschaft, p. 13, §§ 42 , 43 . Specifically in sexual sense: Sampait ... cen gním núachair S. inviolate, Metr. Dinds. iv 7.22 . Cf. fergním, bangním, Laws ii 350.6 Comm. In theology, an act (= Lat. actum): gníomh creidimh, Donlevy 16.13 . gníomha caon dúthrachta Acts of Devotion, Donlevy Pref. iv 17.

(c) In concrete sense, something made, a piece of work, a structure: mur do glain huaine, gnim cain, SR 347 . indas in gníma sin, FB 2 . gnímh cláraigh ┐ caelaigh `a work of boards and wattles ...,' CCath. 1814 . do gnimaibh cloch, 1880 . ós gním ochta aird-inbir `above the breastwork ...,' Metr. Dinds. ii 58.10 . g.¤ láime: ma ta gnimh laimhi aici-siumh 'if she has handiwork', CIH i 174.10 , Celtica xxvi 28 . Of literary work: gnim Lucae etir soscela ┐ Acta, RC viii 367.11 . Cf. i ngnímaib na nApstal (= in Actis Apostolorum), Hib. Min. 53.

(d) Gram. the active voice; an active verb: gním ┐ césad active and passive, Sg. 172a2 . gnim indi as fio the active of `fio', 194a2 . torand gnima no césta, 26b15 ; 149b7 . amal as ṁbriathar gníma aperio, 145b4 . Auraic. 651 ; 1620 .

(e) organisation (?) : gnim .i. tigedus, Stowe Gl. 415 . Lec. Gl. 401.

(f) As npr m. mac Gnimai meic Ruaidene, Lec. 134rc40 .

Compds. ¤arnaidh, MR 144.5 . ¤charcar: g p. inna ngnímcarcar (gl. ergastolorum), Lib. Hymn. 72.y . ¤dénmaid (gl. opificem), Lib. Hymn. 71.24 . ¤doilig, ML 48.10 . ¤écht prowess: gan derbhadh gaisgidh nā gnīmechta, ZCP vi 28.17 . ¤gartglóir glory of liberality of deeds (?) : in primaltoir ... | fri gnimgartgloir roturcbad, SR 4266 . ¤ghnáthughadh putting into practice, TSh. 1850 ; 8076 . ¤grith a forcible shout (?) : a p. scertair iarna ṅgnímgreth[a] (at Last Judgment), SR 8327 . ¤molta of praiseworthy deeds, TD 18.23 . ¤scélrad relation of deeds, CCath. 4407.

láid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. láid or dil.ie/29365
Last Revised: 2019

 

Not in early language as independent vb. No vn. given in IGT Verbs § 42 (bérla in chora). See fo-ceird. Pret. forms below are perh. to be taken as developments of Old Ir. ro-lá etc. throws, places puts : laaid . . . uad lebor in precepta, FA 33 (LB). laait . . . nuallguba n-dermáir estib emit, ibid. in fail ní no-laad cumtabairt úait beos, Lib. Hymn. i 90.16 . ite na hugdair i llatur leith .i. na hugdair so sis taithmeter i tosaichibh na leabar to whom it is ascribed, BB 299b33 . lásat Níallocán immach `they thrust out little Niall', Ériu iv 94.2 . lád chúaird nÉrenn im thuind thair let him make the circuit of Ireland, 96.16 . laais Ruadhan iad (sc. na hechu) a coimhrith frihechraidh Temrach raced them against, BNnÉ 325 § 43 . sleagh tre dhruim fir go lár lás / [ór] thila clár mar do chuas spear cast by the defenders has ever pierced the back of the retreating foe(?), DDána 119.14 . gur laoi is Oilill cath Cláraigh he (F. Canann) and Oilill fought the battle of C., 64.16 . mo lenam óm les do ládh / do benad mo lám des dím, IGT Verbs ex. 387 . an leathga . . . / láidh tairr na deabtha ar a druim, 386 . Aonghais fháid bhráonghlais an Bhrogha / láid a Aonghais, comha ad cheann `the Aonghuses . . . send thee gifts', SGS iv 66 § 31 . comuil dom dhéad do bhas bhán / lágh blas na mbréag as mo bheol, DDána 42.22 . láifiter (MSS. l[a]if[.]igter, laifigther, laifiter) sin in bar n-aigid-si, Celtica xiii 14.278 .

Also prob. intrans. do ghnáth ní lugha do lá | mo chumha an tráth fa dteasdá, DDána 82.41 .

pailis

Cite this: eDIL s.v. pailis or dil.ie/34136

 

n f. (Mid. Eng. palis, —eis)

(a) a palisade, stockade : fan pailis ndeircciubhair do boi fóna tech, BNnÉ 88 § 185 . pl. do brisfidis . . . na pailisi comdai[n]gin claraigh ata ina timcill, ZCP vi 274.24 .

(b) a palisaded or fortified enclosure; a fortress or castle : loisgis pailis righ Connacht mar aen re tigibh in longpoirt, AU ii 404.26 , cf. AFM iv 484.8 (in both places transld. `palace'). Freq. in place-names folld. by gen. (often of proper name), anglicized as Pallas, Pallis. caislen na Pailisi, AU iii 492.6 = na pailíse, ALC ii 208.29 . A palace : ata pailis scíamach acan imper, Maund. 23 . p.¤ ro alaind, 252 .

sail

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sail or dil.ie/35973

 

n k, f. IGT Decl. § 193 .

I

(a) a willow, sallow, somet. an osier: s.¤ gl. salix, Sg. 69a3 . s.¤ .i. sofillti í ar a māithi, Corm. Y 1190 . salcuait . . . .i. caill mór di shailig bí and, Corm. 41 = coill mór do salcetain (= salicetum), Corm. Y 1157 . in t-en gaires asin tshail, IT iii 47.3 . gat salach `an osier withe', Laws i 174.10 Comm . i mmuine shailech, AU 1167 (ii 156.22) . duilleoga soilech, Rosa Angl. 100.6 . crannu . . . amail tsailich, Anecd. i 69 § 168 (= amal shailig, ZCP xi 159 ). One of the athaig feda (`plebeian trees'): athaig fedha .i. fern, s.¤, bethi, etc., Auraic. 1154 . Laws iv 146.24 . See also (b) infra. ná loisc sailig sáir, SG 245.24 . maith a shoil ghlan grinn | maith a iubhar, BS 70.18 . gual soileach, ITS i 64.17 . a harp made of willow: i nglotuin géag ngallshaileach, DDána 85.45 .

(b) name of the letter s, the fourth letter in the Ogham alphabet: s.¤ in ogaim, BB 309a39 . forsail .i. s.¤ fair, Auraic. 813 (see forsail). cech bfaili i mbia s.¤ rie tinne is sdraiph is sgripta and wherever s precedes t, 2899 . soil, IGT Introd. § 4 , Verbs § 93 .

? In n.loc.: itir na Sailiu (for Sailgiu?) Imdoirchi i crīch Conailli, TBC-I¹ 858 = im sailibh (sailgibh?) im dortaibh, TBC-LL¹ p. 191 n. 10 , cf. 193 n. 5 .

See sailech.

II

(a) beam, joist, plank : notheilgidís forru . . . sailge ┐ cláradu ┐ dromclai ┐ ochtaige na ngríanán, TTr.² 1867 . ro coraighid cláraigh ┐ sailghi . . . ina srethaibh, CCath. 1812 . focichsiter solaig .i. ceimnigfider fo sailgib inna [n]eclas, RC xxvi 38.194 , 39 n. 2 = for sailgib na n-eclas, LL 188b24 . sailghe saille props of bacon, MacCongl. 37.19 . ceithre croinn do choisrig Dia | sailghe droichid Mic Mairia, DDána 23.12 . an lucht báttar imó bhun [an chaisléin] ag cur sás ┐ sailghedh fris, AFM v 1846.3 . do shailgibh, do shonnaibh, vi 2028.18 . ro bui s.¤ arrachta tarrsna os cinn urlair in tseomra, ZCP vi 297.5 . ro marb se na tri fichit gilla . . . le s.¤ . . . ro bui fo chosuibh na himdha(i)dh, 287.17 . ro thogaibh a lamh don ts.¤ iarnaidhi `the iron staff' (a weapon), Stair Erc. 1211 . geadh fada re s.¤ mo sheasamh . . . gan béilfhliuchadh `by the counter' (of public house), Ó Bruad. ii 28.13 . Fig. an ts.¤ ann do shúil féin, Matthew vii 4 . do ghéubha tú s.¤ ad tshúil féin, Mac Aingil 71.5 .

(b) of persons a prop, support(er) (cf. 1 sab): Laogaire, Corc, Dāire . . . | nāi sailgi sin Senchuis Mōir, Corm. Y 970 = sailge, Corm. 32.6 = sailgi, Laws i 4.12 . atiad andso naoi sailghe fothaightheacha lasa ndearnadh indsin, AFM i 132.13 . sailghe fothaightheacha do sheanchas Eríonn, MS. Mat. 555.13 (of same). saìlge neirt, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 30 § 8 (of descendants of Eochaidh Muighmheadhón).

scaindrid, scandraid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. scaindrid, scandraid or dil.ie/36278

 

v (scainder) IGT Verbs § 82 .

(a) trans. disperses, scatters, shatters : is e . . . ro marb ┐ ro scanair banntracht . . . na [cí]chlois[c]te, BB 417a20 . ro scaindre fo Chrúaich Cera | na haindre, na hingena, Metr. Dinds. iii 464.65 (metri gratia, scanrad, scaindreadh, v.ll.). amal ro scánnrait na hapstail do forcetul na treb were sent out in different directions (?), LB 181a36 . den chineadh Iudaigheach, do sgaipeadh ┐ do sgannradh fá thrí rannaibh an domhain, Eochairsg. 24.29 . ? sgandram sgéith dar sgáth lannaib, Celt. Rev. iv 18.27 (scannrad sciath dar scoth lannaibh, v.l.).

(b) intrans. breaks asunder, goes to pieces : foropairset . . . ar gabail in dúnaid ┐ ní roscandir cen échta dóib it did not break up (= was not destroyed) without exploits on their part (?), TFerbe 298 . ro cumdaiged duma . . . do fódaibh . . . ┐ gnímh cláraigh . . . do cech leth imme na ro scailedh ┐ ná ro scan[d]radh ní ó céile dhe `so that no part of it might . . . scatter from another', CCath. 1815 . imasae-sium fuithib . . . co scailit ┐ co scanrit remi, TTebe 3520 . gur scanradar a sceith o faebraibh na cloidem their shields split asunder (= were shattered), CF 669 . Part. sceith scailtigthi, scainnertha `cleft and scattered', MR 238.25 (cf. scainderda).

solus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. solus or dil.ie/38426

 

Forms: solas, ṡoluis

(2 so+1 lés)

I Adj. u, later o, ā

(a) bright, clear, light-giving : s.¤ gl. clarus, Ir. Gl. 665 . is rugs.¤ gl. praeclara, Ml. 37d18 . is bés inna tabernacuil didiu is s.¤ `tis is the manner of the tabernacle then that it is light', 40c15 . bit soilsi impo `they will be alight around them', Thes. ii 31.22 (Bvn.). ba s.¤ in grīan īar sein | a medhōn na haidhchi sin, ZCP v 25 § 6 . rind s.¤ (of a saint), Fél. Jan. 30 . a gríanan co senistrib solsib, LU 10636 . issed is coimdigh treibe and a lar ┐ a hairmedha ┐ a inada soillsi, Laws v 326.13 Comm . ro-artraig . . . hi ngné solais . . . in t-shnechta, PH 3384 . lotar . . . isin lō s.¤ dochum a mban, ACL iii 224.29 . dath mar adhairc sholais `a colour like transparent horn', O'Gr. Cat. 252.8 . an tene ┐ gach ni s.¤ ele `and every other light-giving object', Ir. Astr. Tr. 106.16 . nach fuil inadh . . . gan beth deallraigteach s.¤ on grein, 98.10 . ro delbh se . . . in sliabh dorcha . . . do cach ┐ s.¤ taithnemach do fein, Stair Erc. 1779 . ag so an ré 'na ré s.¤ , TD 21.42 . lucht loingsi ó lis na Beirbhe | d'ḟis deilbhe soillsi Saidhbhe, IGT Decl. ex. 1369 . Of places: co Dun Sobairce solos, BB 268a21 . ar Mhagh Luirg na learg solas, DDána 88.32 . Fig. happy, prosperous : indar leo ba s.¤ in bliadain doibh samlaid, Marco P. 85 . Equative: tech . . . soilsidir bid hi lugburt bright as though in a garden, Thes. ii 294.16 . soillsidir óen na retlann, SR 1902 . suillsithir ri snecht a gnúis, MU² 538 . soilsidir caindle cíartha | gnúis meicc Cairne cíallmíadcha, Ériu iv 94 § 13 . Used as compar.: soillsithir fó secht andá grían, LU 2029 (FA). Compar. co mba sollsi oldás grian, PH 6985 . soillse é ná gach aingeal | Míchéal, Dán Dé xxviii 44 . nó an bhfuil ní as soillse ná so, DDána 37.15 . cíoch as soillse iná réalta reoidh, PBocht 2.37 . Used substantivally: dona uaislib no dona soillsib illustrious (or distinguished) persons, O'Curry 437 ( H 3.18, 236a ). As a metrical term: incípít dona hanaichintibh . . . ┐ atáit da earnail furri .i. s.¤ ┐ dorcha, is é so ín s.¤ , IT iii 95 § 148 .

(b) clear (of sound): in guth s.¤ labrastar o bérlu ainglecdha, Ériu ii 100 § 7 . Compar. ba soillsiu ┐ ba gleu gothuib doine, § 8 .

(c) clear, lucid (in intellectual sense): do bi fáidhetoracht C.C. . . . s.¤ sothuicsena, BCC 430.2 . cionnas do bhiadh eólas solas ar an Ttríonnóid agoibh?, Desid. 4867 . snadhmadh s.¤ ar an síothcháin, DDána 111.24 (prose 384.23 ). Compar. sloinn dúinn ní is soillse iná sin `name to us more clearly', TD 13.30 . Adv. atbér cen snaidm co s.¤ | a hainm is a bunadus, KMMisc. 194 § 1 .

II Subst. o. solas, m. IGT Decl. § 53 .

(a) light: goor gach s.¤ i suidi, Corm. Y 675 . goar .i. s.¤ isin Fenic[h]us, Auraic. 633 . mar na faicfea s.¤ co bráth, PH 7760 . a agad ar in s.¤ ngrianda budhdhes, Marco P. 85 . as tríthe tháinig an solas neamhdha dochum an chinidh dhaonna, Desid. 6309 . o thainic . . . s.¤ tratheirgi do lo arnamarch, TTebe 2195 . degsamlacht soluis an re, Ir. Astr. Tr. 106.4 . ní fhuil s.¤ mo dhearc agam (lumen oculorum), TSh. 4203 . a ṡoluis oidhche um iarnóin (of a weapon), TD 33.4 . biodh s.¤ ann ┐ do bhi an s.¤ ann, Gen. i 3 . Fig. ar solas ríochoinnle, ar n-inghean Iachaimne (of Mary), Aithd. D. 72.11 . s.¤ eccna na hEreann, AFM iv 1098.5 Attrib. g s.: do bhí an néalsain 'n-a néal ṡoluis , DDána 17.13 . in nomad bl. dhec don chicil solais `the solar cycle', ALC i 306.7 .

(b) clarity, intelligibility : sliocht ele . . . dobher solas da ccenas `another passage . . . throws light on their leadership', Geneal. Tracts 88 § 130 .

Compds.

(a) With nouns: ¤bruiden: a solusbruidhnibh . . . na hEmna, Comp. CC 79.9 . ¤chnes fair-skinned: tucus Éblend soluscnis `I wedded Éblenn of the radiant skin', Ériu iv 156.14 . ¤gabáil: ag solusghabáil a pshalm ┐ a pshaltair `blithely chanting', BS 4.11 . ¤lia: treabh na solaisleag soiléir, TD 3.33 . ¤nélgal: ba samalta re solusnellgail ciach, CCath. 5873 . ¤reic: ag éisteacht re dréachtaibh ┐ re duanlaoidhibh . . . gá soluis-reic, DDána 111.24 (prose 384.6 ). ¤ruided: solusruidedh na saerchlann, CCath. 4990 . ¤tech: ar solustighib cláraigh , Acall. 763 . ¤tráth: o solustrath éirgi do ló co medón lái, Acall. 1804 . na ticfa co s. éirge i mbárach, RC xiv 424.8 .

(b) With adjj. (incl. adjj. derived from nouns) ¤bán: tar in sáile s., Acall. 4741 . ¤barr: Niall samglan s. `of shining locks', Ériu iv 108.2 . ¤bog: a dhreach ṡolasbhog, TD 21.18 . ¤gemach: a cathbarr . . . s. fana cenn bright with jewels, ZCP x 299.11 . ¤glan: guth mór s. clear and pure, LU 1934 . broghadha . . . solus-ghlana suaithenta bright and clean, ML² 1072 . ¤íarnaide: na slabradu . . . solus-iarnaidhe, MR 178.3 . ¤mór: dochuadur issin síd s., Acall. 2795 . in lind sholosmór út, MU² 301 . da leaspaire solusmora, BB 15b16 . ¤rennach: fa'n sroll-mergi . . . s. senta sparkling, MR 196.7 . ¤tairthech. As subst.: in Solus-tairtich (name of a draught-board), Acall. 7804 . ¤taitnemach: dentar lespairedha solusthaitneamacha, BB 15b11 . ¤tiug: nírbh oirchios fós a bhfaicsin | gan tracht an taoibh sholuistigh, L. Cl. A. B. 209.22 .

sreth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sreth or dil.ie/38803
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: sreath

ā, f. vn. of sernaid. sreath (an arbha), IGT Decl. § 39 (91.15) .

I Act of strewing, spreading out; that which is strewn, laid out: s.¤ gl. struo, strues, Sg. 50b5 . 55b10 . hi far srethaib gl. in stratis uestris (i.e. beds), Ml. 20d9 . Of furniture, etc., forming a normal part of the equipment of a house (see Críth Gabl. Gloss.): indles . . . cach s.¤ as chórus for lár, Críth G. 223 . a sretha sét, 243 . sretha córai isin tig, a[i]ribor cach[a] méit[e] ┐ iarn cach gníma ┐ humalestrai im chaire i talla boin co tinniu, 404 . indles . . . cach amur ┐ cach s.¤ olchena, cach ni srethnaigter and do mindlestraib na cerdcha, Laws iii 190.z Comm . According to Thurneysen this is the basis of the meaning in Cóic Con. Fug. (`das Hinbreiten, das Hingebreitete', hence `die Unterlage, Grundlage'), but perh. merely series, collection (of legal judgements, etc.): s.¤ (sretha, v.l.) faillsigthi na conairi fugill is fir: lia do fír fri sena n-anbal . . . .i. is é ní sre[th]nai[g]ther d'faillsiugh forin conair fuigill is fior `die Grundlage für Aufklärung auf dem "Urteilsweg", der fīr ist (heißt)', Cóic Con. 16 § 3 . cuic conair[e] fuigill . . . sain a conair, sain a cina, sain a s.¤ . . . .i. is [sain] a s.¤ faillsigthi fuil re aithne cach conairi fuigill dib r[e] cele `verschieden von der andern ist die Grundlage zur Aufhellung, die zur Erkennung jedes Weges besteht', 30 - 31 § 17 - § 21 . sretha failsighte na conaire fuigill is fír, no is e inní is coir d'ursundud no d'faillsiugud forin conair fuigill is fír, 36 § 46 . See p. 5 .

II Usually row, line, series, arrangement, order .

(a) sretha[ib] sina .i. rom-didna ar cach ṅgalar intí riasa ro[ṡr]ethnigtis na sina `arrangements of weather', ACC 107 ( RC xx 278 ). tar sálmuire sretha `over ranges of mainseas', Fél. Ep. 238 . co n-accatár . . . teóra sretha isind [ḟ]raigid . . . s.¤ . . . di bretnasaib óir . . . ┐ s.¤ di muntorcaib óir . . . in tres s.¤ di claidbib, LU 1708 ff . mana[isi] . . . co sreathaibh semann with rows of rivets, TBC-LL¹ 5518 . atchonnarc na saltracha | na sreith táeb ra táeb, LL 298b16 ( SG 367.12 ). trí nói s.¤ fíacal fata, Ériu iv 102 § 45 . ō cech tricha cēt | dlegar for sēt sreith `by various routes', KMMisc. 272 § 57 . a cóic cethri deich data | ar sreith óenaig allata `glorious fairs in succession', Metr. Dinds. iii 12.138 . 'na srethaib | trí hídail chloch fo chethair `ranged in ranks', iv 22.45 . ba lōr d'ōebnius ar ōensreith in one series, ZCP viii 272 § 62 . fosernd clothrī Connacht īer cūl, cáine sretha the noble King of Connacht places himself behind, excellent the order, 108.7 . cóic sretha do rámhaibh `five ranks of oars', CCath. 1941 . go dtráigh sibh an sreith ndabhach, Aithd. D. 11.20 . s.¤ braon `drops streaming' (i.e. rain), O'Gr. Cat. 453.20 . ciabh na sreath hair in waves, DDána 75.8 . sreath do linntibh fuairbhreath `a series of ruthless measures', PBocht 18.25 . s.¤ bagún is brannrad `a procession of bacon and trivets' (i.e. to the house of a chief), Studies 1920, 417.x . do shinneadar sreatha síorbhinne . . . téad mbeannchrot `bouts', Maguires of F. 56.16 .

(b) ranks, lines of people, soldiers, etc.: M., C., | co ṅaidbli a srethe `with the vastness of their train (?)', Fél. Dec. 4 . gnúis fri gnúis ina srethaib ┐ ina corónib, LU 2047 . etir sretha sīl Ādaim, ZCP iii 23.28 . do chuirib, do chóem-srethaib `for companies and gentle ranks' (notes), Metr. Dinds. iii 278.38 . .u. coin geala na nglansreith, BB 277a4 = cóic eich ghela 'n-glan sreith, Leb. Cert. 178.16 . lánamhna is ógha is feadhbha | . . . | 'n-a dtrí naoimhsreathaibh ar nimh, DDána 29.35 . sreatha seilge hunting-bands, Hackett liv 21 . Of armies, etc.: la sreith slóig Z. `with the series of the host of Z. (?)', Fél. Aug. 24 . dá trichait marc min | . . . | concert-sa in dá sreith the two ranks, LU 9953 . imrim each imasernar s.¤ slúag (sic leg.) (rhet.), RC v 202 § 20 . rosernad . . . cech slog . . . i n-a sreith, MacCarthy 56.24 . mas ar druim ech ṅdond atáit | droṅg s.¤ sniit, MU² 443 (see note). batar . . . na Rómanaig imon catrig ina srethaib, LB 154a35 . sretha sirthe risin saimgrēin ranks of skirmishers in the summer sun, ZCP xii 290.21 . Cf. co roibe crīch Breg i n-a comar creach ┐ i n-a cēidi c[h]uarta ┐ i n-a sreathaib sirthi dona suidight[h]ib sin, ML² 1133 . a fhir dodechaid atúaid | co srethaib `surrounded by troops', Metr. Dinds. iv 2.2 . tanic . . . | aníar ar slicht na srethi `on the track of the convoy', 54.2 . sreata ┐ sluag-buidni, Celt. Rev. iv 16.24 . ceithri sretha . . . do shaighdiúiridhibh `lines', AFM v 1694.z .

(c) Of ornamentation on garments, etc.: tri nói gem . . . | ba foir 'na sreith (a brooch), Metr. Dinds. iii 122.40 . brat co srethaib di ōr impe stripes, lines, edgings (?), ZCP xiii 373.4 . sretha sítai fri a gelchnes, TFerbe 122 . srethai sítai uas a cind, 777 . roindfithí fúdbai féinded fo shrethaib óir `Haufen', Alex. 219 . a ṅ-edaige srolda . . . fo sretaib oir ┐ argaid, BB 429b5 .

(d) Of details of the structure of buildings: na doirsí . . . co srethaib óir ┐ argait foraib layers, panels (?), Alex. 593. 10 coraighid cláraigh ┐ sailghi ┐ eochrainn . . . ina srethaibh . . . forra anuas `rows', CCath. 1812 . faiceam tomhus na gcleath gcorr | na sreath solus, na sreath sliom rows of pillars (?), DDána 119.28 . sreath ghabhlach go ngrés uamann a series of beams, L. Cl. A. B. 183.94 . sreath chlár ós clochaibh díona, 101 . go gcōic srethoip do cholomhnoip marmair `rows', Fl. Earls 96.20 .

(e) rows of buildings, streets : hilar n-adba . . . | srethaib sretta fri sid sain, SR 2475 . da line . . . do tighibh ar mullach a múir . . . iter na da s.¤ sin `between those two ranges' (of houses), CCath. 20 . s.¤ do Thriun Mór ┐ s.¤ do Thriun Saxan `street', AFM ii 942.10 . raith Arda Macha . . . do losccadh . . . ┐ dá sreith do Triun Masan, ┐ an tres s.¤ do Triun Mhór, 994.1 ( ALC i 100.25 ). Ard Macha do loscadh na dí sreith ó chrois Cholaim Chille co Crois Epscoip Eoghain, ┐ ó Chrois Eapscoip Eoghain an dara sreith co Crois Dorais ratha, 1156.15 .

(f) In contexts ref. to grammar, literary compositions, history, etc.: i n-immfognam ┐ i ssreith legind gl. in lectione `in order of reading (in a connected text?)', Sg. 30a12 . int immognam imbí hi sreith rann `in a series of parts (of speech)', 95a2 . 213a9 . s.¤ immais (gs. of 1 imbas) metr. alliteration of all words in the line : s.¤ immaiss, ut est: slatt sacc socc simend saland, IT iii 30.14 (see p. 121 ). Perh. in more general sense in follg.: trí labra ata ferr túa: ochán ríg do chath, s.¤ immais, molad iar lúag `spreading knowledge (?)', Triads 112 . rethaib sofis srethaib imbais (glossed .i. s.¤ imait sofis īar foghloim), Anecd. v 26.3 . immas sóis co srethaib `sequence of verses' (Gloss.), Metr. Dinds. iii 288.47 . In name of a metre: sreatha deich, IT iii 95 § 148 (cf. p. 128 - 9 ). i sreathaibh roscaigh ┐ fasaigh ┐ airchetail `series of proverb, commentary and poetic composition', Auraic. 337 (cf. 2684 ). in tan is s.¤ series (?), 3577 . Gilla mo Dutu ro dluthaig in duain-sea, nucu s.¤ sáeb, RC xlvii 315.4 . sretoibh sorann series of excellent stanzas, CS 62.5 . sreath . . . rann | d'am[h]ruibh, Ériu ix 163 § 5 . sreath ghlan do ghréas éagsamhail (a poem), Aithd. D. 46.12 . do ghéabham dod ghnúis . . . | sreith mholta eulogy, 46.11 . sreath adhmholaidh, DDána 73.13 . am mebrach-sa . . . i sreathaib seanchasa hErend series of events (?), traditions (?), Ériu iv 138.17 . ro-dosuidighiub-sa dúib sreith seanchusa . . . tellaich Temrach `I shall establish for you the progression of the stories . . . of the hearth of Tara', 144.7 . ? buaid senchais srethaib airech fettar aided cach oenfhir, YBL 125a44 . seanchas suairc sreath, Leb. Cert. 80.13 . diamhra sreath seanchais `series', Content. xxii 9 . iar sreith na súad (iar srethaib súad, v.l.) handed down by tradition (a name), Metr. Dinds. iv 190.14 . iar srethaib suadh `according to the threads of sages', Auraic. 553 . ní h-inchreti d'ánradaib sretha saeb-fhorcetail na seandruad warriors should not believe the . . . sayings of old druids, MR 190.2 . sgotha séaghanda a sreath bhfis the fair blossoms of his abundant knowledge, L. Cl. A. B. 176.117 . ? as leór so do solbraib s.¤ , Ériu iv 138.11 .

(g) Common in chevilles: s.¤ cen tair, SR 4319 . ni sáeb in t-ṡ., LL 374c53 . setaib s.¤ , 136b12 ( PRIA 1882, 248.3 ). tolaib s.¤ , SR 2711 . srethaib cland, TBC-LL¹ 2345 . srethaib droṅg, SR 7905 . srethaib ga, LL 19b5 . srethaib gal, Metr. Dinds. iii 150.1 . srethaib iath, SR 2285 . srethaib slóg, 6431 . Note also: conid fri súan senbath srethaib cerd adbchlosaib erred, LU 10257 .

(f) Various (cf. srath supra): sreith gl. pratum, Sg. 20a8 (see note). in talam cona sreith trit. Alex. 873 v.l. (sraith, text). gach ionad a d-tiocfaidh sreath no gearradh ó fhior ionuid an riogh ar Mag E. `cess or cutting', Misc. Arch. Soc. i 190.14 . go dtógbhann sreath is sobhadh, Measgra D. 26.67 (sraith, MS.). sreith coinnmhedh ┐ ceitherna . . . do choscc `taxes', AFM v 1686.2 . bá h-amlaidh ro siodhaighsiott gan sreith gan gerradh gan daoírsi, 1770.16 . Cf. sreath do chomha ar cró nEachaidh `the series (i.e. toll) of thy tributes', Aithd. D. 15.11(a) .

Note also: teora sreatha, TBC-LL¹ 2716 v.l. = teora inshrotha, text. gur berta gan anmain i bursan sreadh ara rabha, ZCP viii 542.17 = co ro marb in n-ingin inna réid, TBC-LL¹ 1559 .

The follg. are obscure: conchar ic sreith riagla rig (as vn.?), LL 33a39 . ba hé in sét serc ri sretha, | fuair cét recht is cét bretha, 143b11 . Faelan .x. nir bho dhur | ger caemal ar sreith in saer, BB 56a45 . atāit .iii. sreatha cutrumai cin fiacha .i. drumcla n-eich . . ., ZCP viii 103.27 . Mac Cosgraigh co sreathaibh snáu `of beaming countenance', AFM i 520.10 . Dāre Doimthech dālis dig | fola for cach srith (: clith) (`stream'), Fianaig. 30.14 . sāssad slán sorcha sretha, Ériu ii 66 § 13 . conoiscet s.¤ anmcaide, O'Dav. 470 . Perh. of the reins of a horse: im all .i. uilliti he in da sreith do bet air two reins (?), Laws i 124.14 , 138.x Comm . óenach saidbir co srethaib, | co saidlib, co srian-echaib, Metr. Dinds. iii 14.159 .

Compds.

(a) With nouns. ¤bairdne name of a metre: tighearnbhard . . . taebhchassadh ┐ sreathbairdni a dhileas, IT iii 23.13 . s. dano, is fri toebcasad doberar í tomus ┐ tarmarcind, 13 § 26 . See p. 144 . ¤blad widespread fame (?): cethri h-Echdaig aidbli ág | fri srethblaid ┐ sográd, LL 146a9 . ¤bruig extensive lands : co trethnaib iar s. súg, SR 6263 . Dauid . . . | for s. Hierusalem, 6698 . ¤buiden orderly company : sret[h]buidne ordaigthe, CCath. 3466 . ? ¤chelg: Dairbre drech-derg mac Lulaig, | ba prap s. iar samain, Metr. Dinds. ii 46.14 . ¤chircul: O Domhnaill . . . cona aireachaibh . . . ina srethchiorcaill bodba `in a close circle', Hugh Roe 112.12 . ? ¤chor: mo Dia tricc fri s. slamm, SR 5253 . ¤eccor arrangement in rows : ionar . . . co sreithegar gem, BS 10.7 . ¤etarnaid: ina srethettarnaidh seoilchelge arranged in ambush (of troops), Hugh Roe 226.5 . ¤fhoirenn: ina sreth-fornib . . . sar-laech `well-arranged lines', MR 222.20 . ¤ga: dar srethgaibh sealga `over the serried hunting-spears', CCath. 3609 . ¤líne ordered line : sreth-linedha . . . ina mórtimcill . . . do mairgreit (a crown), CCath. 5285 . ¤molad gs. as attrib. eulogistic (see II (f) supra): gruaidhe donna | dá ndéantar dán saor sreathmholta, DDána 114.16 . ? ¤ord: aisdibh ┐ ollamnaibh | ┐ rannaibh sreathordaibh, IT iii 90.9 . ¤shlúag: ar súi soi slonnaib srethshluag of arrayed hosts, SR 2692 . ingin Sáuil srethshluagaib, 5918 . ¤ṡuide sosath srethshuide 'a terrace of well-arranged seats' The Kingship and Landscape of Tara 128 § 3 .

(b) With adjj. ¤áluind well-arranged (?): broghadha sreath-āille, ML² 1071 . an clár . . . sreath-álainn (the earth), ML 102.26 . ¤amrae marvellously arranged: sainemail suíb srethamra 'unique, beautiful, marvellously arranged' Sages, Saints and Storytellers 24 § 1 . ¤barrgel: tar tonnaibh . . . sreath-bhárrgheala na srothán `over spreading white-crested currents', ML 46.32 . ¤chaem ornamented (?): ic congbail na sangtairi sretcaime co na fothaib, BB 241b45 . ¤chaín = prec.: do thuluib sgiath sreth-c[h]aín, ML² 1707 . ? ¤chisse: atchíu a brat ṅ[d]erg . . . s. sluind, LU 7393 . ar néim imdenam ór fri siric s., 7410 ( BDD 100 . `braided in rows (?)', BDD2 Gloss.). ¤fhíar (term of contempt) with distorted features (?): a brollach sneadach s., IT iii 99 § 165 ( Bruchst. i 28 § 62 ). ¤gel with bright ripples (of water): lēibenda sreath-gela, ML² 662 . ¤glan: cen usce s. snámach | iarnabarach bói Boind without clearly-rippling water, Metr. Dinds. iii 108.79 . tucsam sochraiti srethghlain a Mumain, SG 321.21 . clár sreathghlan seanDáire, DDána 70.8 . ¤mas: Dūn dā Lethglass . . . | súairc s. co saine `herrlich ausgebreitet', Bruchst. i 61 § 137 ( IT iii 39 § 34 ).

(c) With adjj. derived from nouns. ¤buidnech: tresan sraittslighidh (sic leg.) sreathbuidhnigh `crowded', Hugh Roe 20.5 . ? ¤latanach: sruth bratha nach | sreathlatanach, IT iii 98.5 . ¤línmar: sos suaichnidh sreth-līnmar of many rows (an encampment), ML² 1061 . ¤lúbach: is . . . sreath-lúbach . . . a carn-fholt having curls in rows, Keat. Poems 67 .

(d) With verb. ¤gonaid: an crádh ler sreathghonadh sinn by which our ranks were slaughtered (?), L. Cl. A. B. 140.43 .

stúag

Cite this: eDIL s.v. stúag or dil.ie/39012

 

n ā, f. (cf. 1 túag) arch, bow, loop.

I

(a) In buildings: cūanda ad-cīthir | stūaga in rīgthig fa rēlltandaib (i.e. heaven), ACL iii 235 § 22 . on (sic leg.) stuaigh ro-chaim reltannaigh, BNnÉ 283 § 269 . stuagha déudamhla an tuir thigh, L. Cl. A. B. 184.123 . tomhus mhúir Chruachna . . . | fa sduaidh nocha sduaidh fa mhúith, DDána 119.1 . sreath cláraigh . . . | 'n-a sduadhaibh, 7 . sduagha míne marmuir, TD 5.6 . eidhean ag easgar ós do stua, Measgra D. 59.49 . uile stuadha comharda an tempail, Fl. Earls 220.8 . sduagha cama cumdachta on uaithne có araili dibh, Marco P. 97 . séd búaidh ní bheanfa a maisi | do stuaigh dhealbhtha a doruissi lintel, L. Cl. A. B. 184.116 . in dorus medhonach dhibh sduagha aille . . . fair, Marco P. 77 . caoin sduagh a ríghfhuinneóg, TD ii p. 215 . seinistre glainidhe lais cu sduaghaib caemha cumdachta forro, Marco P. 75 . droichet . . ., marmur essidhe itir sduaga ┐ fostada, 110 .

(b) s.¤ nime rainbow: i n-domnach roarthraig stuag nime iar ṅ-dílind, Ériu ii 198.7 v.l. stuaga nimi nélacha, LL 235b17 ( TTr. 1378 ). ba metithir ra stúaig nimi i n-aéor é (a sword), TBC-LL¹ 6023 . samalta lim re stuaig moir nime i n-aér cechtar a da laim, Acall. 6017 v.l. fo cosmailius datha na stuaige nimi (stuaid, MS.), RC xii 336 § 27 .

(c) Various applications: s.¤ dermár . . . os chind ind ordnide ina chathaír rigdai halo (?), LU 2014 ( FA 8 ). is stúaga urchuill congabat mo bratt torom (i.e. hoops used to keep clothes off wounds, see 1 túag), TBC-LL¹ 4708 . sduagha, no lúbáin chongbhas a bhrat, O'Cl. s.v. túagha. gormanart . . . go stuagaib fíthi . . . findruini, TBC-LL¹ 5336 . frasa . . . do shaighdibh . . . a ccrom-stuagh ccrann-ramhar na mbogha from the bent, thick wooden bows, CRR² 84.20 . ar sduaidh gach bhláitheangbhrúich on the raised ground (?), DDána 83.9 . ar an sruth boí on stuaigh go hath na faithche, AFM iii 342.y (perh. n. loc.). tugadh sduagh thana as do thaobh (of Christ's blood), Dán Dé xxix 8 (see note). Of eyebrows: sduaidh ina dhegmalaig duinn, Prolegomena 45 § 26 . dá chaolsduaidh dhonna dhaolamhla, DDána 114.14 . ? Cf. gilidir casnaide cóir | eter stiglaib s.¤ brecshróil (of hair), Ériu iv 94 § 13a . handle (of a pitcher, etc.): stuagach .i. cilorn .i. bis ┐ an stuag as a taib, Laws i 134.4 Comm . brissiud stūaige ic stocairecht one who breaks the handle of the trumpet when blowing, Bruchst. i 34 § 80 = IT iii 89 § 115 . Of the tail of a meteor: rella iongnáth . . . ┐ cromstuagh urcrom ionbhogha eiste, AFM v 1700.10 . éirghis . . . | stuagh neoill . . . | ós an loch an arched cloud, L. Cl. A. B. 180.6 . sheet of parchment: cin memraim a quinque, ar it cōic stuaga a techta, O'Mulc. 228 . do berthea sduagh scriobhtha do nimh dhó trias a ndénadh proicept do Ghaoidhelaibh scroll, AFM i 418.1 = CS 126.16 . See stuana. Of a legal impediment or restriction of some kind (cf. cros?): da ndernatar ní ar in clar dar in crois no dar in sduaigh imlingar, no dar in nidh im indeoin . . .i. in idh, ┐ in chros ┐ in sduag, O'Curry 518 ( H 3.18, 261a ). ? saibed sduadh doschraidhech dor | sluag Osraigec[h] ga adbad (= ḟodbad), BB 61b46 .

II Of persons, etc.

(a) Of fighting warriors, etc.: berid C. ceím neime | ina stuaig thruim tentide `bent like a bow', Metr. Dinds. iv 360.126 ( Ériu v 223.63 ). ina stūaigh [t]heind tṡeabcaidhi, ZCP viii 563 § 23 . éirgis suas ina stuaig shesmaig shírgránda gur ba commór í ┐ sduag nime i naer (a monster), SG 250.12 . lingis isin loch ina stuaig niamda neimmertnaig, 251.4 . C., robui 'na stuaig bodba aduathmair urbada `arch of war', TTebe 2502 . is amlaid ro boi side ina borb-sduaig bodba os cind C., MR 260.11 . 'na sduaigh armruaidh innillte, TD 32.74 . Of an army: ro coirigh . . . a cat[h]ai coisidhe ina stuaigh bodhbha i timcill a marcsluagh, CCath. 5718 . Note also: toirnis Íosa eatorra | . . . | 'n-a sduaigh ainglidhe iodhuin `in fair angel-bright form', Aithd. D. 75.17 .

(b) In syll. verse hero, warrior, prince, chief : marbhais Cái-in . . . | Aibéal . . . | an sduaigh reabhaigh n-áluinn n-óig, DDána 41.11 . sduadh fhionn as ghile ná an ghrian (of Christ), A. Ó Dálaigh xx 8 . sduaigh croidheathais far ciúin muir, TD 3.28 . A. . . . | stuadh ┐ gabhrach dá ghoil, Irish Texts iv 54 § 39 . sduadh bannda na mbriathar mall, ZCP ii 337.19 . stuagh na gcraobhfolt, Hackett x 13 . Note also: stuagh gille `a stately youth', Top. Poems 92.6 . Of a ship: long ghéagach . . . | stuagh théadach, Measgra D. 48.20 .

Compds.

(a) With nouns. ¤dorus arched doorway : isin stuagdorus robo leis don chathraig, TTr.² 1129 . robrissiset dano benna na stúagdorus, 1868 . ¤droichet curved bridge: stuaghdroichet cloiche, CCath. 2281 . sduadrocaid mora, BB 497a50 . ¤druim curved back, broad back : ní faigter stargha stuaidhdhroma (sic leg.) `slung on the broad back', O'Gr. Cat. 472.24 . ¤druimne: stuagdruimne rinnta roimda do ilcinel cach tinne curved ridges (of the structure of a shield), CCath. 4728 . ¤lann curved blade : beim don sduaghloinn (sic leg.) tinn teindtighe, RC xliii 92 § 93 . ? ¤léim: ni raibhi imoro acu-sun . . . stagh gan stuaidhleim (sic leg.), CF 50 . ¤lerg arched slope : do ghabh a sciath . . . ar sduaighleirg a droma, Ériu iii 170 § 28 . tūarcaib a théig libair for stūagleirg a dromma, MacCongl. 9.28 . ¤lúb: inar . . . cona stuaghlubaibh airgdidib `bow-loops', CCath. 4672 . stuagluba umhaidhe dar braigdibh na corrán sin, 5235 . do rinne sduaghluib (sic leg.) moir di o iarthar co hoirther (a serpent), TTebe 62 . ¤míl = túagmíl (q.v.): trí dubscéith co stúagmílaib óir, BDD² 939 .

(b) With adjj.: inghen T. . . . | rug buinne sdúadhghlan súaichnidh (i.e. Finn), Duan. F. i 33.3 . ¤braigdech with arched neck : stéd . . . stúaidhbhraighdech, Ériu v 172.163 . ¤lúbach: echlach . . . sduaglubach, YBL 177a30 .

(c) With verbs. ¤boccaid. vn. ic stuaghboccadh a mbogadh `bending their bows', CCath. 4639 . ¤dírgid do sduaigh-dhírghead an teach thall | go mbarr cleath was raised on arches (?), DDána 119.30 . ¤lúbaid bends : no stuaglubadh Cesair in claidem sin, CCath. 5250 .

ucht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ucht or dil.ie/42871
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: ucht, hucht, ucht, uchtard

n u, n. (see: ucht n-osnae, Corm. Y 1275 cited below), later m., IGT, Decl. § 72 . clíath, ochd, brothlach, brollach, Kirk ( Eg. Gl. 122 ).

I

(a) breast, bosom : nad ndechuid a ernaigde huadsom dochum nDae acht duintarrae inna ucht fesin iterum, Ml. 54d3 . tinnagat ní ass a n-ucht di mainib, 93a20 . hua hucht (gl. gremio), 93a22 . i n-ucht nach aili, Acr. 27b1 ( Thes. ii 8 ). ba harddidir ucht Aroin (sc. principal altar of Temple), SR 4268 . a slucud in oenḟecht ... dar loiṅg a ochta, TBC-LL¹ 1023 . delgi órdai ecorthi ós ochtaib dóib, 183 . clais ochta `the hollow of the breast' (i.e. one of the twelve doors of the soul), Laws v 363 note d. ro-buail a ucht co humal (sc. the Publican), PH 8055 . caidhe an t-ucht ..., A. Ó Dálaigh xliv 5 . fa hé [a] ionad a huicht-se | Spiorad Dé ar a diadhaicht-se, DDána 9.6 . do ráidh an macaomh amuigh | 's a ucht uadh ar an ursuin leaning on , L. Cl. A. B. 62.86 . ucht ar in luirg leaning on the staff , Feis Tighe Chonáin 317 . do léig a ucht ar a dhéis, go ndeachaidh thríd fell on his sword (of Saul), TSh. 2457 . tabradh cro[i]s Crīst dar a hucht, ZCP vi 270 § 15 . iadais a ucht umpu sin, ACL iii 244 § 8 . aicíd an uchta, Corp. Astron. 52 § 9 . atá taobh t'ochta mar aol, A. Ó Dálaigh xxii 4 . líntar ar n-ochta dhúin de, IGT, Decl. ex. 1613 . ochta na n-ánradh, ML² 1729 . do līnatar a n-ochta dā n-anālaib, 379 . gur luigheadur ar ochtaibh ... ban ┐ fear (sc. birds), Feis Tighe Chonáin. 1768 . Cf. ML² 1739 . ? mar guin ernbais i n-ochtaibh , Leb. Gab.(i) i 104.15 . bean hochta wife of thy bosom , Deuteronomy xiii 6 . of Christ's wounded side : maith dún ḟuil an ochta, A. Ó Dálaigh iv 5 . dá dtí tuile i n-áth an ochta | ar sgáth Mhuire is dolta dhúinn, DDána 31.27 . Attrib. gen.: (fig. of a harp) a mhionn ochta na n-airdríogh `breast-jewel,' Studies 1923, 274.6 . idir dhá fhaobhar an éididh chúil ┐ an éididh ochta `chest-armour,' ITS xxiv 120.35 . breast-work (Arch.): drochta dogníd dia ingin | ós gním ochta (v.l. ochtga) aird-inbir, Metr. Dinds. ii 58.10 ( LL 216b46 ). in caisslēn ochta `the breastworks,' Fl. Earls 78.33 . a ttighi a mhuir ┐ a thairimtheachta gan an caislēn ochta do chomhairem, 68.9 . in sense of dear, beloved (cf. bosom friend): rob mac ochta aireachta | cach mac buan dod 'bhroindḟine `the darling of the assembly,' Leb. Cert. 194.11 . Cf. BB 277b31 . mo dhá mhac áilne ochta, Keat. Poems 1077 . In bardic poetry: of Christ: mo mhac ochta ┐ anma, Ir. Monthly 1920, 374.30 . foráil do mhac ochta oirn, Dán Dé iii 21 . a Mheic ochta ógh-Mhuire, A. Ó Dálaigh xlvii 8 . Mac ochta Dé, ZCP x 28.24 . Of the Blessed Trinity: trí meic ochta na hóighe, DDána 9.9 . Of John the Evangelist: níor dhocra lat iná lais | a mhac ochta 'n-a éagmhais, Dán Dé i 14 . Of St. Colum Cille: mac octa do ri nime ┐ talman, BCC § 25 . fíonúir ochta na gConallach séadach (fig. of a warrior), O'Rah. xxvi 31 . Here perh. belong: Niall fa hóige don fheadhoin | ... | gé do ríoghadh rompo so | ríodhamh ochta na hEórpa, L. Cl. A. B. 173.40 . súi dian sosad sil ochta (?) LL 37c23 ( Auraic. 5310 . ZCP xvii 292 ). Transf. of a place: is é mac ochta na n-airdtreabh, TD 34.28 .

Cf. secht m̅c̅ ochta cona fotha d'iasc ┐ di enaib ┐ lubib ┐ ilmblasaib, IT ii 173.8 ( YBL 114b14 ).

(b) bosom; lap : éirghis as a hucht do léim | an leanbh `from her arms,' A. Ó Dálaigh 50.33 . oc tarraing a méic asa hucht don ḟeoldenmaid, Todd Lect. vi 82 . Cf. TD 13.39 , 46 , and exx. given below under i n-ucht. gur bhat lána a nochta dona cnoibh `laps,' BNnÉ i 14 § 19 . ar ghlúin 's ar ucht Ch.C. | ... do bhí an chúi-sin 'na coiléan, Ir. Monthly 1929, 107.7 . do teilgeadh an crannchar annsa n-ucht into the lap , Proverbs xvi 33 .

i n-ucht (a) in, at, on the bosom or breast of, in (to) the arms of, in (to) the lap of, on (to) the knees of: a cend i n-ucht P. ┐ a coss i n-ucht Mo Chae, Trip.² 425 . a cheann i n-ucht Eirce, Ir. Monthly 1920, 423.11 . gur chuir a cheann 'na hucht, TSh. 9304 . docoras casal di nim i nn-ucht P., Trip.² 1228 . nos gaibseom cech óenliathróit ina ucht, LU 4877 . damberat i n-ucht Conchobair, 5018 . ro boí íarom in móethóclach ina chotlud ┐ a chossa i n-ucht indala fir ┐ a chend in n-ucht araile, LU 7429 ( BDD 101 ). baili i fil in trícha cét gaibthi cach fear a ucht i n-ucht, BDD (Y) 105 . dobretha som a chend i n-ucht a shenathar (a form of submission) CRR 53 ( LL 177b33 ). mac na hucht gá ionghuire `being nursed at her bosom,' A. Ó Dálaigh 50.25 . itc[h]onairc Muiri ┐ a mac in a hucht ┐ si oc tabairt a ciche do, Todd Lect. vi 49 . cur ling i n-ucht Uilix, ┐ co ro lig a gnúis (of a dog), Mer. Uil. 292 . fuaratar in mac i n-ucht a máthar (sc. the Shepherds), PH 7076 . a hathair i n-ucht Mhuire | athaidh i gcurp cholluidhe, DDána 9.4 . ingen do Chathair Mór ... ina hucht, (of a foster child), LL 270a49 ( RC xxv 20 § 2 ). ni raibhe mac i nucht, na inghen ar altrom `in arms,' ZCP x 6.29 . gabaid Muiri a mac in a hucht iarsin, Todd Lect. vi 49 . is é (sc. Christ) tic ..., ┐ ro-n-gabus-[s]a fén a m-ucht in tan ro-po náidiu i tempul S., PH 3790 . an leanbh óg 'na hucht féin | gabhais bean Ḟ. ainn-séin, DDána 67.24 . ar muin eich ... ┐ guna ... trasda na ucht ar a bhelaimh `across his lap', Rel. Celt. ii 198.21 . tair ar chuairt sonn, suidh im ucht, DDána 67.31 . In this sense common in fig. expressions (see also III): do cuireadh clódh a teadhma | uaibhsi a n-ucht na cinneamhna `the conquest of her disease has been put from thee into the lap of fate,' Studies 1921, 75.17 . meinic ráinig riamh sinne | leagadh seóil, sníomh intinne | fan lucht do badh doiligh dhúin | da n-oidhidh i n-ucht fhortúin in the lap of Fortune , L. Cl. A. B. 211.16 . u.¤ Abrahaim Abraham's bosom (Scriptural): na huli noemu ┐ fírenu, batar i n-ucht Abrahaim a n-iffern, PH 3877 . tárrla gur iomchradhar na haingail gu huchd Abrahám hé, Luke xvi 22 . i n-ucht eclaisi Dé `in the bosom of,' Rule of Tallaght § 65 . in the company of: bith do i nucht ┐ i lar a decepol, Laws iv 356.1 . caoicidhis lán do anatar na maithe sin uile ina ucht, Ériu iv 61.3 . in the care of, under the protection of: acht go ndernait mo réir, ┐ go n-anait im ucht `if only they ... remain in submission to me (i.e. in my community, following my rule? ), BNnÉ. 233 § 150 . depending on: ceann m'aradhna a Íosa ar t'iocht | díorghadh don anamsa it ucht, Studies 1933, 140 § 9 . caora sinn dá bhar seilbh féin | do chuir tú i gcró idir chuainmhéir | a gcumhdach ar-aon it ocht | saor ó chumhgach na gcuanort `to save her and the fold depends on Thee,' Studies 1931, 80 § 2 . Cf. a bhfágbháil go hiomlán air ucht an easboig `to commit them to the bishop,' Donlevy 338.15 . cuirid i n-u.¤ : m'anim i n-ucht Crīst cuirim, ZCP vi 266 § 27 . geall cháigh 'na ucht dob ionchuir | do lucht tiomchuil Chláir Chobhthaigh, TD 10.3 . ó táid bhar sochair uile | dá gcor i n-ucht aon-duine, `are attributed by you to one man alone,' Content. vi 187 . an té ... chuires a chomhairle a n-ucht dhuine agá mbiadh cunnradh risan ndiabhal, Ó Héodhusa 135.15 . téit, do-icc, etc. i n-u.¤ : takes refuge with, seeks the protection of: rothindscan techt i n-ucht a muintere feisin (of a retreating warrior) TTr.² 1191 . robris chnāim a dromma ríasiu thísad i n-u.¤ a muintere, 1195 . do chuaidh i n-ucht uí Dhomhnaill `fled to O'D. for protection,' AFM iii 284.12 . do chuaid Donn Occ aris ... a n-ucht Aeda h. Neill, Ann. Conn. 1225 § 25 ( ALC i 288 = do saighidh AFM iii 234 ). cor dichursed T. a Condachtaib ... co ndechaid a n-ucht Gall aris Ann. Conn. 1250 § 2 (= FM ALC). gá dás dóibh gan dol 'na ucht, TD 9.48 . Peadar ... | dlighthear dhúin dul ina ucht | do shúil re brugh na mbeannocht, Studies 1920, 569.26 .

(c) the breast of an animal : budh lé hAáron ... an t-ucht, Levit. vii 31 . tuighe ... | in gach colcoigh ... | 'ga béin d'ochtoibh eunloithe, L. Cl. A. B., 184.108 . As name of a hound viz. Ucht Ard: rus leig a dhi choin ba garg | Ucht Ard ┐ in Ferb sheng, Duan. F. i 75z .

(d) ucht n-osnae: ucht n-osnae (v.l. u.¤ osnae) .i. u.¤ osmenta ... In baile didiu inditscrūta, is dó is nomen ucht n-ossnae (v.l. u.¤ osnae), Corm. Y 1275 . Cf. n-ucht n-osnai `into the breast of poetic revision,' RC xxvi 26 .

II Transf. and fig.:

(a) as epithet: a ucht solus, `O bright bosom ' TD 2.17 . a ucht glan, DDána 67.30 . a ucht bhog, Ir. Monthly 1919, 284.13 . geall gach oide ga ucht slim, Content. xviii 108 n. innis uaimsi dá ucht slim | an ceó tuirrsi atá ar m'inntinn, Studies 1918, 452.3 . a lán san leath so i bhus | d'ollamhnaibh 'má ucht sholas, Ir. Monthly 1919, 2.8 .

(b) applied to various other parts of the body; the palm of the hand : .i. do ucht na dernainde `to the breast of the palm' (gl. pectusculum), Gild. Lor. 202 . of the elbow : ucht rigi `the bend of the elbow' (i.e. one of the twelve doors of the soul), Laws v 363 n. d . Of the finger : budh iomdha le moltaibh fáidh fán bhfionn-urlár | 's gáir bionnorghán le hochtaibh imeil-mhéar `many ... the melody of sweet harps as finger-ends press them,' Ir. Monthly 1920, 650.13 = DDána 70.13 . Cf. cuir le suil th'ordoige 'na inadh é, YBL 349a41 .

(c) the bosom of a garment : ni du ucht etaig asbeir heremias inso (gl. non de uestimento), Ml. 54d4 . a nāe mbennachta ar in bhoin | tucsat dō a n-ucht a ēdaig, ACL iii 244 § 7 . Cf. mor a n-ucht aibhsech a luirigh | lorc an ghai nach gabhdais uird, Irish Texts ii 72.31 .

(d) Metaph. of the air, clouds : ar ochtaibh áilne an aieóir, L. Cl. A. B. 180.4 . Cf. a hinnibh an aieoir, Ir. Monthly 1920, 266.48 . do hosgladh ós ochtaibh néll | doirse uisgidhe an aiér, Studies 1921, 418 = O'Gr. Cat. 451 .

(e) the interior of a vessel : dabuch d[e]argiubair mōr lucht, (v.l. dabach d'arccat mór a lucht) | slōg ōss a ucht cen nach socht, ZCP viii 108.15 . Cf. dabhuch a raib[h]e édon, BCC § 158 .

(f) the prow of a ship : uchta ┐ airbrunni na liburni, LL 235b28 ( TTr. 1389 ). sáir ic certugud chlár ri ochtaib ethar, LL 236a26 ( TTr. 1426 ).

(g) applied to various surfaces analogous in shape to human breast viz. breast of a hill , etc.: ochta a beann, Measgra D. 140 . ar ndul co hucht mór os cenn an baile doibh `a great eminence,' L. Chl. S. § 27 . ní fhuil druim ..., | feadh nó sruth nó ucht dá áirde | ... nachar thriallas d'iarraidh m'fhir pháirte mountain-side , Keat. Poems 450 . gusin n-ucht ac Beind Étair, Acall. 5658 . Cf. Meallach liom bheith i n-ucht oiléin | ar beinn cairrge, Measgra D. 120 . Of places: conrici hUcht noi n-Omne, Trip. 338 = Thes. ii 238 . i n-ucht Cláraigh `on C.'s slope,' Ir. Monthly 1919, 167.7 . ar uchtaib anfosta `on inhospitable heights, Ériu viii 8.12 ochta sliab `the mountains' breasts,' O'Gr. Cat. 459.10 . fil sliabh ... isin crich sin, ┐ glenn aluinn fria a ucht `on its bosom,' Marco P. 15 (cf. fri hu. under III below). bloisgbhéim buinne dílionn do ucht airdṡléibhe, BS § 65 . Cf. i ccígibh cnoc, 884 . See also i n-u. below under III (g).

(h) a gulf or bay : sinus .i. ucht, Sg. 108b1 . co P. a nucht Aráibecda a muir R. anair ┐ in t-ucht Arcaidecda a muir Th. aniar sin, LB 142a11 - 12 . o muir Thorrian cusin ucht Persecdai, 150b2 .

(i) various other applications: tír ... co bhfasach bhfada fria huct, `in the midst thereof' Marco P. 101 . a n-ochtuibh all, 120.36 . tar ochtaib glinde, Acall. 5655 . 'sé a hochtuibh oilén ngoirmshreabh | ag rochtain oilén n-iongnadh, L. Cl. A. B. 91.113 .

(j) In proverbial and other expressions denoting to face, front etc.: dabad ucht ar indber lán | damsa guth ar géig n-Imghán, it were facing a full estuary , Ériu iv 220 § 29 . is ucht ra mór-dilind (prov. of a hopeless task), CRR 40 ( LL 176b14 ). troigh re teann, ucht re hanaoibh, L. Cl. A. B. 271.94 . cuirfidh a luchd a Luing Clíach | budh ucht ar íath cCuinn a chríoch, IGT, Decl. ex. 1774 . ní fiú mé re méad mo chean | ucht ort a chuirp an Choimdheadh `to approach Thee,' Dán Dé xviii 9 ( YBL 392b ). Cf. bar n-ucht aráon ar olaidh, IGT, Decl. ex. 233 . do-beir u.¤ ar approaches, faces, advances towards, sets out for: tabhair ucht ar Achadh Ír `face,' SGS iv 140.8 . dá dtug Mág Uidhir a ucht | ar Fhád Fuinidh dá bhfurtocht `set forth for' Ir. Monthly 1926, 472.13 . go dtugadar ucht ar an gcaolmhuir `they made for,' Keat. ii 528 . an chéad threabh thug ucht rómpa ar an mhuir, Eochairsg. 88.5 . attacks : tugadar u.¤ ar an dún, Keat. ii 3455 . tucadur u.¤ arna cristaidibh `opposed,' Fier. 68 . doberuit u.¤ ar B. cona ṡlógaib, Marco P. 113 . sets about, begins (to): tugadar u.¤ ar Laighnibh do lot ar dtús `they set to plunder,' Keat. ii 6338 . tabhair u.¤ ar ar na haithrighe, TSh. 6940 . Cf. 10523 , 9774 . mór loitir fa lucht an chruidh (v.l. chruib) | ucht ar thoicib ná tabair do not set about [accumulating] riches , IGT, Decl. ex. 174 . cuirid u.¤ ar approaches, faces : (Metaph.) cliar ... do chuir druim re Dia, ┐ ucht ar imreas, Eochairsg. 22.26 . tairre is cuir th'ucht ar Mac Muire (to St. Patrick), Dán Dé xii 9 ( YBL 370b ). cungnamh le mh'anmain don Aird-rígh | uchd do chor ar an gcroich ndeirg, Dán Dé xxxi 15 .

(k) Adverbial usages: ucht re hucht face to face : go mbí duine uchd re huchd | cuire a lucht isin longphurt, IGT, Decl. ex. 460 . teach aoidheadh coitcheann do chách | moladh Íosa i ngach éan-tráth | fa gnáth aca ucht re hucht | slata dar bhláth an bhochtacht (sc. the monks in choir), Ir. Monthly 1921, 374.17 . bhar dtrí catha, ucht re hucht, | teagaid i ndáil Chon Chonnacht, `united,' TD 9.53 . Cf. 8.40 . Freq. of a hostile encounter : batar samhlaidh ucht ré hucht co cenn sechtmhaine, ┐ deabhaidh gach laoi etorra `confronting each other,' AFM iii 130.8 . Cf. ucht fria hucht, BNnÉ. 108 § 33 ; 10 § 36 . tig ... rí Mumhan don leith eile ucht ré hucht dó, Keat. ii 4963 . Cf. ucht ar ucht face to face : TSh. 6640 . teagmaoíd ucht ar Úaimh Chorainn `we come right up to,' Duan. F. ii p. 8 § 27 . Cf. gé tú ucht re a n-iolghuasaibh `to many risks though I be exposed,' Ó Bruad. ii 134.18 .

III With various prepps. in phrases:

a hu.¤

(a) from the middle of, out of, from : boi im[mairecc] and i lláithib D., téora buidne im Ch. macc F. ┐ C. asa n-ucht oc imbert [in gae] lia sairse occo, Trip.² 770 . re hinnarba ... cach foreigne as a ucht `from his breast,' MR 160y . doluid for a gabrai gluair | Balam a hucht in morslúaig, SR 4782 (possibly these belong to b). fer gonur a hucht tsloigh móir, O'D. 545 (< H 3.17 c. 435 ). Laws iv 180.8 Comm. (and so read 178.19 `in the van of a great army'). ro bedhgsat ... a hucht a muintire fein `in front of their own forces,' AFM vi 2146.7 . Cf. co ragaib ... oc slaidhe na slógh, a ucht a chatha fadheisin `from the breast of his own battalion,' TTr.² 1354 . mian lim Sil Setna gan ḟaill, | co tren a hucht Clann Conaill `in the front of.' MR 162.23 . In pl.: duas do ruithriuch a hochtaib a reward [is due] for an extempore `ruidriuch,' Caratnia 47 ( ZCP xv 362 ), cf. gell ar trisi breth ar coicthi ... gell a ochtaib breth ar trisi, Cáin Ad. 38 .

(b) in the name of, representing, on behalf of (cf. f) : dáilim a hucht righ nimhe | mé féin deitsi d'áiridhe, BNnÉ 133.17 . cuir an siothbháirc ... | ... | ó chalaidh, a hucht an Athar `in God's name,' SGS iv 140 § 8 . cuirim si fort, a hucht Íosa ... scaradh fris, BNnÉ 5 § 14 . do cuir dano in manach forcúl a hucht páisi Crist ar an ainmidhi, Études Celt. i 87.32 . iarruim ort a hucht na Trionnóide, Mac Aingil 100.19 . do chathuigheadur a hucht creidimh Crist, ITS xix 30.16 . tuc se cead dóibh a hucht an papa, Expugn. Hib. § 90 . condechatar gennte ┐ cristaidi i ndail chatha fri araili a hucht a ndee, Marco P. 64 . ro ghaibhsidhe ag cendsucchadh Connacht amhail as dech ro fhed a hucht Gall `on behalf of the English,' AFM vi 2004.2 . neach é do niodh foghail ... a hucht na bainríoghna cédna, 2088.4 . ro fhaccaibh barda a hucht na banríoghna inn, v 1632.8 . sith d'focra ... do clainn Uilliam Burc a hucht Rig Saxan, Ann. Conn. 1333 § 11 . do dhol a hucht an Ghobernora `by order of,' AFM vi 1880.10 . do rinnetar síth ris ... a hucht I Domnaill ┐ Í Néill, L. Chl. S. § 15 . dorachaind a hucht an imperi ┐ na cōra, ZCP vi 59.25 . do inneósuinn a hucht m'ord | mé fá bhrón ..., Studies 1919, 74.11 . Of poetry, justice, etc. : a hucht na healadhna `in the name of poetry,' TD 22a19 = O'Gr. Cat. 402.21 . Cf. an fine as t'u.¤ do eirigh `which arose on thy behalf' 20.47 . ag dáil ḟíneamhna as a hu.¤ , ib. 59 .

(c) instead of, in place of (in a disparaging sense. Cf. Mod. Ir. sop i n-ionad na sguaibe) : ba haitheach somh a hucht treóin `a plebian representative of a hero,' AFM iii 178.17 . ni tardsat iarum muinntir ... in rig nach freagra furri, uair ba haithech a hucht treoin insin, FDG 128 . badar aithigh a h-ucht treoin iad `in the shape of heroes,' MR 18.10 .

(d) because of, on account of: mé ar Mac nDé éadána as m'ulc | mé a hucht m'éagára ar a hiocht `owing to my sin I appeal to her'(sc. Mary), Dán Dé ii 27 . mé ó phurt ag taisdeal na dtonn | as a n-ucht ní haisdear liom | mo sdiúir tar buinne an bhean mhall | crann siúil mo luinge an Fear fionn `I feel my course sure owing to them,' xxvii 35 . tiad tríthe as t'ucht gan arma | lucht faghla Críche Connla, TD 10.25 . Cf. a hucht chóra, `in a rightful cause' 30.5 . gaibh ar h'oineach mé, a Mháire | a hu.¤ flatha fionnGháille 30.26 .

(e) by means of: truagh nách faghaid lucht a laoidhidh |a hucht aoinḟir oirbheartaigh, TD 16.9 . a hucht draoidhechta a ndéeadh, L. Cl. A. B. 168.72 . as ucht: measgaidh as ucht bhur saidhbhriosa bhur bhfola uirísle ar fholuibh uaisle, PCT 378 .

(f) by the influence of (cf. b) : uair do hoirdneadh Brian ... a hucht an iarla chedna le mac Mairtin ..., AFM iii 452.8 . do rigad a hucht an Iarla cetna mac Aeda Buide ..., Ann. Conn. 1291 § 3 . Art ... do ghabhail a ionaidh a hucht Gall `through the influence of,' AFM iii 158.17 . a rigad ┐ a aithrigad a hucht hUa Maine `at the instance of,' Hy Maine 90.6 . a hucht hI Chellaig `at the recommendation of,' 86.9 .

(g) for the sake of (purpose): an aithnidh dhaoibh riamh roimhe | an ní do ní an ceannoidhe | a hucht a n-adhanta air | re lucht malarta an mhargaidh `so as to excite them to buy,' Studies 1928, 268.16 .

i n-u.¤

(a) in front of; over against; opposite : brugh slaitgheal a n-ucht easa, IGT, Decl. ex. 1338 . an drong ... nach féadaid dul i mullach na bochtachta ... acht is éigean dóibh anmhain i n-ucht an tsléibhe, TSh. 10113 . i n-ucht an gheata soin Mhalla dom mhálsa, Hackett xl 145 . enpurt lanbeg luingi a n-ucht cairrg(h)i `in the face of,' Stair Erc. 634 (cf. II (g) above). a ngleacaidhe thusa a n-ucht an bhaoghail, O'Rah. xxxv 13 . Cf. i n-ucht mhíonmhuighe M., L. Cl. A. B. 108.196 .

(b) before, or at the beginning of: linnte balbha ar bheagán uisge | i n-ucht ṡamhraidh, TD 34.36 . a n-ocht fomhair, 23 G 24, 405 .

(c) against : ro innsaigsett ... in lathair i n-ucht muintere Poimp, CCath. 5703 . do rinne Dia i n-ucht ar gciontadh | an cogadh do chur i ndlús, Dán Dé iii 3 `against our sins God pressed on the war.' Cf. do léig 'n-ar n-ucht a aithne | do threig lucht a leasaighthe (of an ungrateful pupil) Ir. Monthly 1929, 42.8 ( DDána p. 353 ). Here perh.: sgeith don tuinn altdorcha im ucht, Measgra D. 50.27 .

(d) ` besides' : dá chroich eile it ucht | ó dhá churp i gcás `besides thee,' PBocht 5.40 .

fri (re) hu.¤ , ré n-u.¤

(a) before (of space or time), in front of, facing (of position) : giodh re hucht n-innsgne ┐ molta ┐ bfocuil, ┐ gé re hucht n-oibrighthe, IGT, Introd. § 16 . an tan teagmhus ad no gad no dod ... re hucht nguthaidhe, tinne lom as cóir ann, § 20 . acht re hucht .r. no .l. no .n. ar lár comhfhocuil, § 34 . garbhuighidh .r. re hucht .dh., § 45 . a hosnaidh re hucht na croiche, DDána 30.33 . i bhfoslongphort ré hucht chathrach B., TSh. 777 . do bhí i bhfoslongphort réna n-ucht, 5917 . Cf. 1070 , 2967 . do shuidh comhairle na millteach i bhfoslongphort rém ucht, 3881 . tógtar mo phuball re hucht na sluagh, ITS xxiv 30.16 . mar a raibhe C. ... re hucht bhfear nÉirinn, 74.29 . a-tá 'na chnoc ard rem ucht | an díomas ..., DDána 6.32 . do [h]ordoigheadh le hUilliam | sráid ar leith don lucht seanma | da mbeith re a ucht infheadhma, `that they may be ready to perform before him' Ériu v 58.8 . ag dul a nAlbain ... gur eirigh coire B. re na ucht, BCC 378.2 . tarrla cúan rena n-ucht, Stair Erc. 2267 . ro chuir ... Ó Néill an coimlion cedna fri a n-ucht, Hugh Roe 162.26 . ód chí an t-éag re hucht mo bheoil `when he sees death near me,' PBocht 24.29 . a rabha rem ucht san ḟionnbhragh `those whom I found,' TD 11.13 . na hÍobhuil re a hucht `the Jews whom she met,' PBocht 5.36 . san rian nár hoireadh re a ucht | i ngurt gliadh dob oiremh Art, L. Cl. A. B. 232.35 . an lá re hucht na hAoine, Studies 1936, 67.19 . immediately before, on the point of: tarladar sin uile dhó ré hucht na Bealltaine `on the approach of,' Keat. iii 2141 . as coir ... a glacadh re hucht mbáis (sc. the Eucharist), O'Hussey, Ó Héodhusa 206.5 . ré hucht an bháis, TSh. 797 . agus é re hucht bháis, Keat. ii 169 . ré hucht an éaga, TSh. 8682 . re hucht a éaga, PBocht 11.19 ; 28 . go beith ré hucht éagtha dhóibh, TSh. 7795 . nir ghabhusa oglach nua riam re hucht chatha I never yet engaged a new follower on the point of battle , CF 542 . re hucht catha Muighe Rath, BS § 49 . re hucht an catha do chur, A. Ó Dálaigh lv 7 . re hucht dulta ar neamh Dhó, Eochairsg. 4.32 . ré hucht dulta ar siubhal sluaigh, TSh. 6975 . ré hucht triallta do thabhairt Catha A. `on the point of setting out,' Keat. iii 2299 . ré hucht triallta i L. dhó, 3113 . ré hucht bheithe ag déanamh crábhaidh when about to ' TSh. 424 . do-ghéna ... | déra re hucht n-imtheachta `at parting,' Studies 1924, 85.1 . nach mór do hairigheadh orra | ... doimheanma re hucht na heachtra `at that (death-) journey,' PBocht 24.10 . re hucht in baili d'fāgbáil dōibh, Fl. Earls 20.6 . re hucht Críosd do chur fan lic, PBocht 9.29 . re hucht an cheatha do chur, Ir. Monthly 1920, 596.22 . ré hucht imirce do dhéanamh as an saoghal so, TSh. 7745 . ré hucht cháich do dhul san chath, Keat. ii 4527 . at the time of: oslaigid re hucht in sgeōil | fuindeōga ēsca as aeōir (sc. of the Nativity), ACL iii 244 § 16 = at the tidings . re hucht na togha `at the Choosing,' (sc. on Judgment Day), Dán Dé x 10 .

(b) for, for the purpose of, with a view to, as a provision for: in sciath ra hucht in chatha, LL 300b1 . bíse it armaibh re hucht gcean `to win triumphs,' TD 19.15 . is é ro chuir an céadchath, | re hucht n-iomchosnaimh ḟuinn Bhreagh `in contest for,' 4.6 . bliadhain iomshlán d'Aonghas Ruadh | re hucht ngill ar ghrés n-ionnfhuar `seeking to attain the prize,' Studies 1920, 2.5 . gur chuir ... Noe taise Ádhaimh i dtaisgidh san áirc ré hucht na dílinne, TSh. 236 . ré hucht gheimhridh an bháis, 6350 . bíodh ré hucht deargadh na ndeor, PBocht 13.20 . mar aighne re hucht [a]saortha, 1.25 . Common after vbs. of preparing : bhádar seacht mbliadhna ag a n-ullmhughadh re hucht na heachtra preparing for , Keat. i 184.19 . ré hiad féin d'ollmhughadh ré hucht an bháis, TSh. 2656 . iad féin d'ollmhughadh ... ré hucht ionnsaighthe na bearnan soin to attack , 2652 . é féin d'inneall ré hucht na nguasacht bhíos 'na chionn, 2241 . Cf. 6887 . Here perh. ré hucht na ríoghdhála soin da ngairthí Feis T., Keat. ii 3871 [ for the purposes of (?)].

(c) against : do chuadar na Saracení sluagh líonmhar ré hucht Constantionopuil `laid siege to,' Keat. iii 2261 . ba merburba ina tot murtonn in mormara re hucht alla no aird-sleibe, CCath. 5792 . cia as ionchuir re hucht na tuinne | achd lucht iomchuir cuinge Críosd, `who can face that wave ?' PBocht 8.22 . líonaid re hucht na n-ánrath | brúaigh ísle na n-úaránshroth, Studies 1921, 419.12 . lucht mo luinge i dtír do theilg | Ríoghan re hucht buinne bhuirb, A. Ó Dálaigh viii 4 . trí doirsi thighe an dhúilimh, iadhfuidher uile ré tucht, O'Hussey, Ó Héodhusa 127.3 . foighide maordhacht méin tromdha | ... gá caomhna re hucht gach fhormaid, Studies 1927, 438.20 . banfhlaith ..., | turnadh cáich re hucht n-eisíth `who pacifies all in face of enmity (?)' Studies 1921, 589.10 . gé tá cóir na gcló rem ucht | mó mo dhóigh as do dhaonnacht `stands against me' A. Ó Dálaigh xxxix 19 . an pháis oirdhearc fhuair dár gcoimhéad | cur ré hucht gá hagra as mhó, PBocht 9.28 . dá dtugthar re hucht bhar n-agra | ... coim óm athair dhála dhamh `against thy charge,' 1.23 .

IV Compds. :

n (a) with subst. ¤bruinne breast, bosom : co mbui a ucht-bruinne fria bord na luinge, CCath. 2045 . tucc a laim dar a uchtbruinne, IT i 121.20 ; 122.5 . eter coilér a sccapail ┐ an nocht-bhruinne (leg. a n-ochtb.) BNnÉ i 89 § 188 . araill fri huchtbruinne Tepoitt na long 'watching the motions of' ( fronting, breasting ), AFM vi 2124.20 . á haithle mh'ailemhna, | re hucht-bhruindi hui A. `at the very bosom of,' MR 304.24 . Of the forepart of a raft : ro tair[r]ngit re huctbruindi na ratha, CCath. 2664 . pl. uc[h]tbruinnedha echda ic a n-urtoccbail, 6098 . do comtuaircnigh ... a n-uchtbruinde fein fri araili (v.l. n-uchbruinded ; n-uctbruinnedha), CCath. 3171 . mná ... co n-ór fria n-uchtbrunnib, LU 3889 ( SCC 40 ). ¤bualad ` breast-smiting ' : ro dubhglassatar a mbeoil ... lasin uctbualadh, CCath. 4633 .

¤chlár

(a) front board of a chariot : is amhlaidh tainic et uchtclar a carpait re a bruinde, TBC-LL¹ p. 607 n. 1 .

(b) a breastplate : inar ... forórda uimp[i] cona uchtchlar ordaigi ann, Acall. 5922 . see 470 n. , 3021 n. , 4080 n.

¤chnoc `breast-hill' : an t-uc[h]tcnoc airdṡlébhe, CCath. 5374 . ¤chrann a poitrel, armour for a horse's breast (?) : ce beith ic brisiudh a ucht-crand remi a saint in retha, 570 n. ¤chride : dhó ar n-osgladh a uchtchroidhe (: oile) `after piercing the centre of the Just One's breast,' Ir. Monthly 1928, 438 § 12 ( DDána p. 118 ). ¤chumdach a corslet (lit. breast-covering) : re deirrideacht a n-eididh agus a n-u(a)chtcomdaig (leg. n-ucht-c.), Celt. Rev. iv 118z . ¤géimnech : badh dhealg na chliabh gach liach dá n-uichtghéimnigh `each sigh of their sobbing breasts,' Ó Bruad. iii 122 § 4 . ¤guin a breast-wound : t'ochtghoin mar do fhoillsigh t'fháidh, Studies 1938, 74.28 . náir lé ochtghoin a hoidhir | dá locthair hé d'ionnsoighidh, 470.27 . a éin-mheic fhuair an ocht-ghuin, Ir. Monthly 1923, 472 § 6 ( DDána p. 185 ). atá séala ar th'ocht-ghuin uain, A. Ó Dálaigh viii 5 . Mac Muire ar na ocht-ghuin uaim, xxix 8 . ¤liach `heartfelt sorrow' : oidheadh Eoghain i n-Áth Cliath | tug toirchios och is uchtliach, Ó Bruad. iii 50 . ¤macad adoption : athargadh, ochdmhacadh, Kirk ( Eg. Gl. 48 ). Cf. uchtmhacadh `the adoption of a son,' P. O'C. ( Romans 8.15 has : spiorad na macachda= s. athargadh na cloinne, 1681 ). see pláta a breast-plate : agus do dhéna tú ar an uchtphláta slabhruidhe ag na cennuibh, Exodus xxviii 22 .

(b) with adj. uchtard (gl. strumossus [ventosus]), Ir. Gl. 643 . ¤bláith : do chonncadar cáthair ... ucht-bhláith uai[th]ne ... uatha ` fair-breasted ', ITS i 60.5 . do choncamair ... pálás ..., uchtbhláith `of beautiful front,' Oss. iv 250.2 . ¤gel white-bosomed : carais ... aindre áille uchtgheala, ZCP i 64 § 53 . laech uchtgel rochoem, TBC-LL¹ p. 783 n. 11 . in gach aird uichtghil d'Eirinn, Studies 1926, 237.1 . Metaph. : colum uichtgheal álainn, 1934, 434.10 . do ghéis uichtghil Ḟinne | tuigthir linne ar lobhradair, TD 16.41 . As npr. f. : beires Éanna mac Néill Uichtgheal inghean Mh. ... leis, L. Cl. A. B. 9.2 . ¤lethan broad-breasted, of animals : each ... uchtletan, CCath. 4735 . ar da n-echaib ... uchtlethna, TBC-LL¹ 3377 . gabur ... uchtlethan, LU 8626 ( FB 47 ). Of the sea : an toigēb mo c[h]urchān cīar | ōs aigēn uchtlet[h]an án ? ZCP x 46 § 8 . imle uichtleathna na hÉireann, Ir. Monthly 1929, 331.37 . As epithet : co rancadar crich Airtig Uchtleathain, Ériu viii 176.31 . Cloithfhionn inghean Eochach Uicht-lethain, Keat. ii 2874 . ¤slim smooth-breasted : dúntar órsgabal uichtshlim | mun rígh re héill n-airgidchinn, L. Cl. A. B. 98.145 . ¤solus bright-breasted : As epithet : Eithne Uchtsolus, Mackinnon Cat. 143.13 . Ádhumh ucht-ṡolus, Ériu iv 114 § 17 . Of goblets : niamh a corn n-ochtṡolus n-óir, TD 8.10 .

(c) with verb: do uchtbidgadar ┐ do thoitedar a ngnúsi re lár 'they were shaken to the core and fell with their faces to the ground', Stair Nic. 28.518 .​