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cléithe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cléithe or dil.ie/9421
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: chléthe, cléithe, cleithe, cleithi

n io, n. Later f. (long vowel not guaranteed by rhyme. Cf. 1 cleth, clíath?). n s. cleithi n-ordain iartair domain, AU an. 939 . cleithe n-óc nEmna, LL 2626 (cf. however: Clethe bretha name of a law-tract, Laws i 26.3 Comm. ) a s. a chléthe n-óchtarach, LU 1476 . n pl. cléithe, Críth G. 157 . g pl. fer da cleithe , Laws iv 350.22 . As f. d s. i cleithi áin, LL 29494 . g s. cecha cleithi , LL 400a42 .

(a) roof-tree, ridge-pole : ete iter cach dá ḟíthe ó ṡuidiu co c.¤ , Críth G. 100 . in clí isin tegdais ō lár co clēithi, Corm. Y 275 . is bēsad na cleithe (= g s. of 1 cleth), is balc oc lār, is caol oc clēit[h]e, ibid. (cf. Laws iv 358.13 ) = ina cliad, Thr. Ir. Gl. 10 s.v. clíí. Tech Midchúarda o cléithib co talmandae, LU 7207 ( BDD² 824 ). ró lá [cor n-iach n-erred] de i n-ar[da co ruc] a chléthe n-óchtarach din tig co mboí for cléthiu in tigi aile, LU 1476 ( MU² 953 - 4 ). dofet cliath cleithe .i. as remtechtai lium cliath ichtair in tighi do denam ar dus anas cleitine a mullaighi, O'Curry 1874 ( 23 P 3, f. 21 (23)a ). a breth fo clethe; a breth a nuaim into a building(?), Laws ii 128.15 Comm. (`into concealment'). atracht columu tenntide . . . co cleithe na heclaisi, Three Hom. 66.4 . secht stíalla umai ón damdabaich co c.¤ issin tig, TBFr. 76 . gur b' ionsamhail cleithi tre churcais reanna na sleagh tres an slios araill do Chelluch a ridge-pole protruding from a thatch of rushes(?), MR 272.13 . ? cf. fiacla cirí cleth i curghais (a derogatory description), IT iii 101 § 179 . Confused with clí: cli .i. ise a bés na cleithe, is trén ┐ is dírech, ┐ congaib ┐ congaibther . . . adcumuing o cleithiu co lar, Laws iv 358.22 , 23 (cf. also Corm. Y 275 above). ní bfuaramar dhar ttighthibh shoir / acht bun gach cleithe a ttalmhuin, Ériu i 22.108 .

(b) By synecdoche, (dwelling) house: biaid gol gacha cleiti .i. cacha tighe, H 3.18, 553a14 . dixit Pátricius nád bíad dē de cleithi la chenél and, Trip.² 1814 . Cf. YBL 136a27 . co na boi dei do clethe a n-Erinn forsna beth cíos doib, RC xii 62 § 25 . ol cét cech clethi i nHerind, LL 22416 . Cf. 27617 .

(c) More generally building : it hé insin .vii. c.¤ ó ndírenar cach bóaire (ref. to a list of seven buildings, a dwelling-house and six farm-buildings), Críth G. 157 . a ṡrethe tige, a ḟolud, a chléthe, a echṡréin, 432 . co n-innrucus ch.¤ `with a complete set of buildings' (Gloss.), 438 . ? trí dotcaid threbtha: gort salach, iarmur c.¤, tech drithlennach, Triads 65 . ?fer . . . na techta fo tuaith co leir na cleithe who owns no house throughout the territory (?), Laws iv 352.12 (`visibly or invisibly').

(d) As technical term for some kind of tenant or dependent: lethflaithem .i. fer da cleithe cona comorbuib techtaib `two cleithe- tenants', Laws iv 350.11 . flaithem oen escra .i. fer aen cleithe, 14 . Cf. senchléithe. do flaith rucu gu-breth for a celi .i. gu-fiadnaise im clethe , v 220.4 Comm.

(e) c.¤ (sg. or pl.) nime, aeóir, etc. the heavens, the firmament; the sky : a cléthib clithnimi, LU 1169 . lotar na suipp ṡesca . . . i cléthib aeóir ┐ firmiminti, TBC-LL¹ 6040 . na fóit . . . curit i cleithe ḟirmimenti, LL 24910 . ba h-urcur a cleithibh nime ┐ ba snam i n-aighid srotha, BB 419b37 . do eirgedh an detach co direch i cleitib in aeoir, Grail 3098 . Without qualifying gen. no rannad bledmila in mara immi . . . súas i n-ardda clethi, LL 12631 . fuath-nell . . . d'ár ceiled in cleithi coithcenn (sic) . . . os a cendaib, MR 240.5 . ? Cf. go ttarla C. fo chleithibh talmhain, TBC-LL¹ p. 561 n.6 (fo lintip an atha, St.).

(f) Other applications. top, crown (of head, more freq. c.¤ cinn or c.¤ cennmullaig): in buinne díriuch dondḟala atracht a fírchlethe a chendmullaig, LU 6475 (TBC). roben Gola i clethi a chind, SR 5871 . cora chomthócbaiset a lonna láith ósa cleithib, LL 32509 ( TTr. 1707 ). imon cathbharr im a cleithi, BB 297a 41 . in mong . . . tria cleithi a ceandmullaich, RC xxiv 196.17 . co ruc clethi a chinn de co n-apad, xxiii 325 § 14 n. Of the tops of trees, woods, mountains, a city: ba cosmail fri cleithe caille cetamain . . . cechtar a da gruad, LL 253a47 (cf. Aen. 1926 and IT iii 186.13 s.v. forcléithe, also forcle). suas gu clethi na crand, BB 497a4 . a bun cleithi na crand, 13 . cleithe na uruachtur sleibhe Erix, CCath. 1382 . sliab nOlimp, isa cenn ┐ isa clethi fil . . . , BB 488b2 . ós cleithi na cathrach, CCath. 1321 . c.¤ .i. uachdar tighe, tulcha no cnuic, O'Cl.

(g) Freq. in Laws Comm. meaning something of considerable value, a matter of importance, high rank(?) (oppd. to , q.v.): mas a seachtar faiche [ro gatait na beich] . . ., gid maigin . . . gid sechtar maigin, gid cutrumus lui gid cutrumus clethe . . . mas a maigin ┐ is cutrumus cleithi is lanenecland. Mas a chutrumus lui, is leitheinecland. Masa seachtar maigin ┐ is cutrumus clethe is leithenecland. Masa cutrumus lui is uii.adh neneclaindi, O'D. 1041 (H.2.15, 25). dá trian diri dula urraidh d'urradh ina dúil; aen trian diri dula deoraidh do deoradh ina dúil, ┐ eneclann do cechtar de fo aicned lui no cleithi according to his lesser or greater standing(?), 1366 (E. 3.5, 24a). rig . . . beires bretha gua, cid im lu, cid im cleithi `whether it be concerning a small thing or a large', Laws i 54.18 Comm. cid bec .i. im lu; cid mor .i. im cleithi, iii 38.y Comm. noco nuil deithbir lui na cleithi im in cumail sin `no difference of major or minor (higher or lower rank)', 110.6 Comm. ma ro gatait seoit uaithib ris in ré sin, eneclann do cechtar de ann fo aicned lai no cleithi `minor or major value' (rank?), 144.15 Comm. corab e in tainmrainde sin da eneclainn bes do co na ferthain ar in rob is cleithi, ┐ a leth ina ferthain ar in rob is lu, 358.y Comm. a nderbḟorgeall clethe for na huaislib . . . a nderbforgeall clethe for islib an affirmation concerning an important matter, 396.6 - 8 Comm. gufiadnaise im clethe, no im forcruidh fognuma im clethe `about a great (matter), or about excess of service in a great (matter)', v 220.4-5 Comm. But cléithe are divided into large and small: ce ro ghata da cleithi o duine, .i. clethe beg ┐ clethe mor, O'Curry 1665 ( 23 Q 6, 23 b ). cemadh mo re hic naithgina in clethi mor na in clethi beg nocha mo re hic smachta na dire na eneclainne e na in clethi bec, 1666 ( 23 Q 6 23 b ). Cf. clethe .i. mor no uasal, O'Dav. 558 .

(h) Fig. perfection, culmination; chief, head : i suthemlacht cech berlai co clethi to (or with?) perfection, LU 661 ( ACC 26 gl . baí sab súithe cec dind). acht na roigh co cleithe `but he does not reach to the top (of scholarship)', Laws iv 356.7 . ceand ┐ cléthi cacha bíd int iasc ár dothomail Issu he, Thr. Ir. Gl. 24 s.v. iasc. cléithi .i. rogha ut est cléithi tech n Erenn, H 3.18, 650b24 . ba cleithi ach don Erind bas meic Erca, Dinds. 114 . cléthe .i. formna, no in t-art fine .i. intí is airdi don fine, ut est co cléthi fine fosaighther cina, O'Dav. 486 . for cléithib na Cráeb-rúaide `chiefs' (Gloss.), Metr. Dinds. iv 130.82 . sáifiter slúaig con mae re secht c.¤ slúaig Ulad, LL 11628 (TBC rhet.). clethe Laighen leighnidhe, TFrag. 188.5 . tiagha[ir] gusan gcathraigh, dotaott gussan gclēithe (i.e. to the chief personage in the town), ZCP vii 305.3 . araile fealmac fēigh don Mumhain . . . atnacobrustor mnáoi siú rosiacht clēithe the perfection of his art(?), 304.27 . as go c.¤ tuaithe tiagaid filidh fuigheall fria forus fáth, Ériu xiii 33.31 . Ua Suanaich . . . / Eiríu ard amre . . . / ised a c.¤ clerech, BB 233b35 . imm imthecor do dērce as cend ┐ as cléthe inna huile timna, Otia ii 97 § 31 . is é cléthi ┐ forair in fhorcetail diada in dearc, PH 5789 . mad intii adcobra rosá cléthe foirbthetad `who desires to reach the pitch of perfectness', Ériu vii 154 § 6 . comad ead clethi soethair cech duine, áine ┐ érnaigthi, RC xii 438.1 . combadh si budh cenn ┐ budh cleithe d'eccailsibh Érenn, AFM i 142.x .

2 cleth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 cleth or dil.ie/9454
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: ceilt, cleith, ceileamuin

ā, f. vn. of ceilid. ceilt, cleith, ceileamuin, IGT Verbs § 34 . ceilt cleith, Decl. § 14 . Cf. clith.

(a) act of hiding, concealing; concealment, deception : cen cuit cleithi `with no concealment', Blathm. 160 . is diing cleith in maith gl. abscondi non possunt, Wb. 29a31 . du chlith a fortachtae gl. disimulationem, Ml. 100a7 . inna cletha `the concealments' gl. latebras, 59a9 . c.¤ gl. laterna, Sg. 51b8 . ? coimpert ciol. cleith nemhidh, Ériu xiii 23.25 . dobered a máthair criaid ṁbuidi moa bullu do chlith a delba, Rawl. 141a16 . rotōgaib croich in Coimdeadh, / iarna cleith fon talmain thair after it had lain hidden, Ériu iii 198 § 26 . damhna ríoghradh nocha roich / a ngníomhradh chalma do chleith, DDána 91.9 . sirim a hucht na hóighe / . . . / cleith na n-othar-soin oruinn `that she cover from us the wounds I have not requited', Dán Dé v 17 . cleith .i. ceilt, O'Cl. Obscurity : scailid (?) in cleth 'he dispels the obscurity' CIH iii 874.31 , Sages, Saints and Storytellers 173 . ná measg trena chéile i gcleith 'do not confuse them with each other in obscurity' 167 § 20 .

? Attrib. g s. (but some or all may be part. See 1 clithe). secret, hidden : cen luige cen lanamnas. / cen chuibdi clethi no cuil, SR 2399 . cumann cleithe nocha ndernus `I have known no furtive love', Ériu i 20.72 . cinnus brethe rugad duit? nī ba caingen cléithi lat do not keep the matter secret, ZCP vii 307.10 . nír gním clethe fri hóen-úair, Metr. Dinds. i 10.54 .

(b) In phrr. with prepp. With AR undisclosed : bheith ag síor-chur bréag id leith / éigean dúinn nó ar ndearbhtha ar cleith `leave my argument unstated', Content. vi 116 .

With CEN without concealment, openly, plainly, clearly (in verse freq. as cheville). Somet. used adjectivally conspicuous : concertsa in dá sreith / cen chleith níbá caín, LU 9954 . eagna gan cleith, Ériu xiii 35.y . a chlú gan chleith mur do chuir `how he has made his fame conspicuous', O'R. Poems 251 . Eire gan chleith re [corbadh], A. Ó Dálaigh liii 8 .

With FO secretly; hidden, in seclusion : airg-siu dia guidi dam-sa . . . fo chlith, IT i 74.15 ( LMU 12 ). luig Oilill ┐ Eogan a n-imagallaim fo cleith, Anecd. ii 77 § 4 . ronalt fo clith muime mormass ar a mathair, i 51 § 9 . ro oslaic Eua fo clith / in dorus riasin nathraig, SR 1281 . ? ni bo chlethaib robatar, Metr. Dinds. iii 6528 (: srethaib).

With I N- in secret, hidden : figell fo dēraib i cleith (rules for the devout), ZCP vii 311 § 14 . ar apdaibh hi clith `against secret spells', Ériu iv 236 § 8 . hi follus, hi clith, ACL iii 318 § 61 .

As m.: gním cen chlethu cen athscís, LL 27070 (cleatu cleithe, cleitiu, v.ll.; `without concealment', Metr. Dinds. iii 244.42 ). nom diultfa fo thrí tria chleth / riasiu gaires in cailech deceitfully(?), SR 7723 .

Compd. With noun. cen chlethbratha `treachery by hiding', Sc.M² 22b .

clíath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clíath or dil.ie/9484

 

Forms: cliatha

n ā, f. IGT Decl. § 39 (91.13) . g s. also cliatha, Cog. 156.6 .

(a) hurdle : cliath gl. creta [crates], Ir. Gl. 126 . denam cleib, denam cleithe, Laws v 474.4 . gach uair is loscadh comhraite is clía nudhnecht (sic leg.). Gach uair is loscadh anfoit is clia lathrach n-aile, iv 252.1 Comm. (cliath v.l.). cia sáer ro fích in cleith, LL 26382 . dogníthe derc . . . ┐ cliatha tairsiu. No briste in gae . . . ┐ a rind tresin cléith, RC xiii 454 § 48 . doratsat . . . cliatha caelaigh mora ós a cennaibh ┐ scratha fót tairsibh anechtair (as protection for beseigers), CCath. 1881 . laem . . . ainm don clēith bīs fon arbar oca tīrad, O'Mulc. 806 . cor eptha i cléith `putting a charm in a hurdle', MacCongl. 71.25 (prov., in a list of useless actions). Attrib. g s. i leabaidh chléithe, TSh. 2304 .

(b) Of a house or `les' (see 2 les) wattle panels of walls, doors or gates: samaisc i cléith tís, colpdach i cléith túas, Críth G. 215 - 16 . dá [n]dorus [n-]and —comla[e] ar ala n-aí, c.¤ ar alailiu, 101 . dofet cliath cleithe .i. as remtechtai lium cliath ichtair in tighi do denam ar dus anas cleitine a mullaighi, O'Curry 1874 ( 23 P 3, 21 (23)a ). ro híadad in tech . . . ┐ doratad crann ar chleith (arcleith v.l.) airi immach, Trip.² 604 . elaim-si itir clēith ┐ ursaind, MacCongl. 123.18 (cf. cliathcomla). c.¤ ná comhla ré lis, A. Ó Dálaigh lv 5 . ní bīat clīatha re rátha, ZCP xiii 9.23 . an ḟuinneog iomagallmha . . . ar a mbī cur cléthe nó gráta, RSClára 93b .

(c) woven fence, palisade, outwork : doratad immorro M. . . . dalta do Choin C. . . . ar cléith ar dorus in dúne, LL 13404 . do-rigensat . . . cliatha do scia[i]ch ┐ do draigen i mbeol ind atha fri R. cona muintir, cona rochtadar dul darsin n-ath, IT ii2 230.74 . imthus re marcach eich leith / a n-Ath Gallta itir da chleith, Leb. Cert. 20.8 . nī tucc a acchaidh re clēith / budh ferr do c[h]ongbālaidh scēith, Ériu xvii 28 § 50 . do congbail clethi ┐ do cosnum cathlaithrech `to sustain the front', MR 148.9 . airm n-a gcléith ar comhlaibh tor `swords form a fence round his castles' portals', Magauran 1705 . Of the Cross: ar chléith dhoinnbhear dia hAoine / do coinnmheadh Dia dar ndín-ne, DDána 47.2 . Fig. Máol Mórdha . . . / Pilip Óg . . . / dhá chléith le dornchlaibh docra, O'R. Poems 2799 . gurab í an fhíor-aithrighe is comhla ┐ is cliath chosnaimh ag na daoinibh, TSh. 6894 . c.¤ fri opposition to: cliath ra heclais mairg dogní, LL 19300 . a cliath fri nem (to the sinful soul), PH 8175 . With various defining genitives: is lá Hú Tegtechān bith for in clē[i]th dāla ┐ an t-escra ana lāim a bar for dispensing drink(?), BColm. 52.29 (`hurdle of assembly'). cliath fhosgaidh ar āth, O'R. Poems 664 . Toirrdhelbhach . . . baí ina cleith ḟosccaidh . . . ag gach aén `a sheltering fence', AFM vi 2106.18 . dia tartamni .xxx. d'ar ṅdegdoinib immach i ṅgiallas bid tanaite ar c.¤ gabala sund. Doregthar forn issin cathraig defence, LL 283a4 . cladh coigcriche ┐ . . . cliath ghabhála fri hUltaibh, Hugh Roe² 216.14 . sgiath didin ┐ cliath ghaeithe Ghall re Gaeidheluibh `wind-hurdle' (i.e. protection, shelter), ALC ii 310.22 . in comla catha ┐ in cliath ugra, Cog. 188.7 . cf. 56.y . cúig tríatha . . . / cliatha gaisgidh na nGaoídhiol, O'R. Poems 2716 . cliath mhínighthe na ccóig ccrīoch, 661 . ard gach oentu . . . / cain cach cliath brathar protection of a kinsman(?), Cog. 122.18 .

In phr. i ccléith x on the side of x, in alliance with x: mairg . . . ro threicc a chorpfhine . . . ar dhul hi cleith ┐ hi ccomhaontaidh a éccrad, Hugh Roe² 264.18 . N. do thocht i ccléth cloinne Domhnaill, AFM iv 896.14 . a chaoraigheacht do breith lais i ccleith Gall to the side of the English, 890.5 . M., mairtír nar thrēith: / bīodh san chnoc im chlēith go fíor, Celtica iv 163 § 236 . `i gcléith le `to be united to, allied to, associated with' s.vv. adiungo, applico, affectus, affinitas, Risdeard Pluincéad', cited Celtica iv 192 .

(d) Extended applications: dorála D. do Ch. ar in cleith oc leith na Sinna ` bridge ', SG 397.6 . tucadh amus fair im cend cleithe Atha Luain . . . cor'thoit cliath an drochaid fút[h]aib, RC xviii 167.5 (Tig.). co nderna droichet ┐ clíatha dermhára díbh ┐ rathanna romora tarsin [cuan] cétna, CCath. 1391 . stretcher, litter, bed : cen chlíatha cen tulggu, Críth G. 101 . nónbar . . . ro-bái fón cleith fora raibe tarr na muici, Sc.M² 6R . dá ḟer déc for clíathaib airgdidib imon imdai, BDD² 1107 . búi an péist . . . ana lighe for cleth iarnaide, a lan do crithribh teindtidhi fon cleth hisin, Aisl. Tond. 108 § 3 (super cratem ferream). fo cholbaib ┐ fo immdadaib ┐ fo clīathaib in rīgthige, MacCongl. 11.17 (`screens'). cliatha caolaig doriginset Laigin . . . fo cosaib caorach . . . 'ca n-adnacal co Dún nÉtair, Dinds. 28 . láindíre do oí ina lias uasa a chleith codla, Ériu xiii 27.22 . clíatha fis (apparently always made of rowan branches) beds on which druids slept in order to acquire occult knowledge: luidhset na druidh fora cliathaib fis ┐ rothoghairmset demhna, Marco P. 32 . dochúatar na draoithe ara ccliathaibh cáerthainn ┐ tuccadh . . . nua corma doibh, V. SS. Hib. cliv n. 5 . codail ar do chliathaibh fis / cuardaigh aigéan gach oiris, Content. x 2 . is eadh do-nídís cruinnchliatha caorthainn do dhéanamh ┐ seicheadha na dtarbh n-iodhbarta do leathadh orra . . . ┐ dul mar sin i muinighin a ngeasa do thoghairm na ndeamhan do bhuain scéal díobh . . . gonadh de sin do lean an sean-fhocal . . . adeir go dtéid neach ar a chliathaibh fis an tan do-ní dícheall ar scéala d'fhagháil, Keat. ii 5448 ff. harrow : cliath fuirsidh[e] (gl. eripica [rastrum]), Ir. Gl. 240 . braca, cliath, foirseadh, Eg. Gl. 70 . go niomat cliath ┐ prácadh, AFM vi 2186.20 . le clíathaibh foirsighe íaruinn, 1 Chron. xx 3 . clíath scéith framework of shield : o clíat[h]aibh sgiath secht mac Meadbha, Ériu x 85 § 88 . cúic árnaile saorus fer nimthechta ar tigradhus na ninnile .i. cliath tasgair (? trascair) do iadadh friu (some sort of hurdle for keeping cattle enclosed), O'D. 887 ( H 3.17, 637 ). Of the oars of a boat: ro cuireadar amach cliatha . . . crannrighne cruadhrámhadh, CF² 39 . Of an animal, the loin, rib-cage : mas ar son carna ata é is cnaimh ar in cleith uile (of the amount of condiment allowed with different joints), O'Curry 183 ( H 3.18, 99 ). curro bris a cleith n-asnai, TBC-LL¹ 565 n. 4 . cliat[h]a bō, Ériu x 85 § 88 . do imreadar na lanna . . . gurba cliatha tolla . . . na taíbh, CF² 801 . Of a bird's wings: glésaiss . . . a ghulbain a ccliathaib a eite, Mart. Don. 176.17 . Of the strings of a musical instrument: cid cia ro chodail . . . re cliathaib . . . ciuil, MR 110.y . ar chléith tana do thimpáin, IGT Decl. ex. 882 . Of the web of cloth: corba dluithither re cleith lenad (leined, v.l.) arna landluthud in lini sleg, TTebe 2823 (`stop- hurdle'). conarbho dluithe cliatha leinedh ar n-a dluthadh, ITS v 64.11 . ? cliath .i. umat, [ut est] ar bi[d] mer fo cuachnaidm cliath ferba .i. amail bi[d] mér fo cuachnaidm duitt iumad briathar in filed `a multitude of words', O'Dav. 397 (but `? metaph. use of clíath in sense of phalanx', Plummer MS. notes).

Freq. of the close ranks of men (and weapons) in battle, especially in phr. i ccléith, i cclíathaib in close fighting(?): ni ró ḟég F. dar a ais riam . . . ic astar no ic imthecht ┐ chléith ┐ chath (? leg. i cléith no i cath) no chomlund, TBC-LL¹ 1905 . nach hi ccath no hi ccleith / do fáccbadh é, ar sccáth a scceith, Cog. 88.22 . buaid [cacha] catha ┐ cacha cliatha, 156.6 . i n-imairic áigh nó i cléith comluinn, CCath. 627 . M. ┐ C. do marbad a cleith do O., Ann. Inisf. 1108.5 (`in a skirmish'). gur lingsed in dā chlēith . . . a cenn araile the two (opposing) ranks, ML² 1189 . d'fisrugad clethi Conaill ┐ aird-grinne Eogain `the phalanx', MR 176.3 . ro coraigheadh ider na curadaib cliatha . . . ceinngera do shleaguibh `rows', Caithr. CC 72 . díon a threabh . . . a ccliathaibh `in fighting', Rel. Celt. ii 222.31 . deacair an chéim i gcliathaibh, PBocht 3.38 . baidhbh id chomhghaire i gcléith, Aithd. D. 5.17 . i gcléith chogaidh ní dú dol / 's gan tú go habaigh aosmhar, DDána 105.23 . ? amail corra crit[h]bel / ri clīat[h]uib cāich / fir Ērenn re clīat[h]ib-sum / ō sin co tī brāth, ZCP xiii 15.1 , 2 .

In nn. loc. see Hog. Onom. s.v. and s. Áth Clíath .

Compds. With nouns. ¤bern in phr. c. chét one who makes a gap of a hundred in the enemy's ranks : in cathmilid ┐ in chliathbern chét ┐ ord essorgni, LL 8219 ( TBC-LL¹ 775 ). an dubdhortadh díl[e]ann ┐ an chliathbearna céd . . . .i. Caiseal C. airdrígh Lochlann, CF² 1001 . Also ¤bernaid id.: na da curaid ┐ na da chliathbernaid chet, TBC-LL¹ 3245 . atat daimh dilann ┐ cliathbernadha cet . . . i Cnuc na Cenn, RC xliii 40.29 . Also of the gap itself: atconnairc na clíathbernadhae mora oslaicte . . . ┐ na muir 'arna muradh `the great battle-breaches open and the ramparts rased', CCath. 3724 . ¤bernadach id.: tuarascbail . . . a cathmiled ┐ a cliathbernadach cét, TBC-LL¹ 5147 . os chliathblai Charmaind battle-field(?), BB 37b26 . cathmilid ┐ cliathcomla cathu shield (fig. of a warrior), TTr.² 1582 . cliathdhroichet do dhénamh oc Ath Luain wattle bridge, AFM ii 1132.18 . fa chliathfhroighibh do chraobh mbreac, DDána 68.38 . tiar tre chliathghaoith cláir na bhFionn ` battle-wind ', O'Hara 3081 . mairg tarla i gcliathghoil 'na cheann `ardour of a skirmish' (Gloss.), Ir. Syll. Poetry 64 § 14 . fa chliathmhadh Céin, O'Hara 2620 .

With adj. mac Piaruis chaoimh chliatharnaidh `fierce in battle' (Gloss.), Butler Poems 1351 . Éire chliathbhras, Hackett xliv 3 .

clithar, clethar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clithar, clethar or dil.ie/9513
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: cluthar, clothar, cluthair

o, ā (clith). Later also cluthar, clothar, cluthair.

adj I sheltering, protective : ro scucsat iarsin i nglend ┐ i fidbaid clicair, BB 496a39 . cuan cluthar, comdaingen, ZCP vi 294.23 . fidh cluthur caointortach, Grail 3695 . lucht na mbrat gclúmhach gcluthar, Hackett lvi 49 . suadhach shámhghlan shármhaith shearccluthair (epithet of a woman), xii 11 . an treabh chumhthach . . . / cluthair a grádh liom go luan `will by me be warmly loved', Ó Bruad. ii 130 xviii . ? roir dom . . . .x. mbruit cuinsce c.¤ , Ériu ii 4.17 (cheville?). Adv. protectively, closely(?): bīaid relec d'arc[h]anglib / im c[h]lūain co clothur (clothaib, MS.), BColm. 30.22 (: atlochur). dfhagháil cumainn go cluthar ó dhaoinibh, Hackett xxxix 188 . clothar .i. toghaidhe no toghtha, O'Cl.

II As subst. o, m.

(a) shelter, covert, fastness : mor fer ro boí com iarraid / eter chlitar is diamair, LU 3938 ( SCC 44 ) (`both roof and hidden place', SC2 n.). gáir na Gairbe, c.¤ fid, SG 366.3 ( LL 297b50 ). gēsid ōs caille c.¤ above the fastness of the wood, IT iii 67 § 2 . i clithor .i. i mbuaile, O'Curry 1464 ( H 3.18, 651 ). c.¤ mbaiscaill .i. buaili, Auraic. 5551 . c.¤ boiscell kenning for quert apple-tree in Bríatharogam , Auraic. 5552 (cf. clithc[h]ar boscill .i. eilit nó geilt, Anecd. iii 43.16 ). fidbuid . . . / re haltrom én [n-]ilgothach / ria c.¤ dia cleith `hiding it with its shelter', Ériu i 39 § 3 . ō c[h]luthraib crīc[h] ┐ ō f[h]osgaduib iath, ML² 666 . do-rataid a long ar feisted a cluthur an cuain, Grail 3298 . as cluchar a coillte, BCC 282.17 .

In n. loc. ro láiset a nernail búair ┐ braite seoco fodess i C.¤ Bó Ulad, TBC-I¹ 1774 . hi C.¤ Fidbaidi hi Commur Cetharsliged, LU 8510 ( FB 36 ). pl. Clothrén i maigh Chliach atá. is úadh Cluithri Chlíach, Cóir Anm. 195 . in tan bátar hi Cluichrib, LU 5403 (TBC) = cluithrib, TBC-I¹ 926 .

(b) Fig.

(i) protection, shelter : is ruca don righ olc do dhenumh . . . is ina chlit[h]ur imteit cach, O'Curry 478 (H. 3.18, 249). fer gonur fia sochuide, cia tuilledh for slogh fiadh ndéntur, no as a clithor a ndéntur, O'D. 545 ( H 3.17, 435 ).

(ii) Of a prince, protector, refuge: clet[h]ar sēt .i. rī[g]-sēt, ar is ainm do rīg isin Dūil Feda Māir c.¤ , Corm. Y 209 . is e in t-ard-ḟlaith hUa Ainmirech c.¤ dana craeb coibneasa ro raidsiumar romaind, MR 98.x . ata triath os cionn Ruarcach / . . . / isse cleathar is cuibhdhe, H 3.18, 766.22 . ? c.¤ .i. urachill, ut Udhacht Morainn: ar clitharsidhe (? sīdhe) sgeó thuatha, Ériu xiii 67 § 69 ; cf. ZCP xi 97 § 60 .

In phr. c.¤ sét appar. the `sét' of highest value, a milch-cow, an in-calf cow or a ploughing ox. `sheltering sét' or `insurance sét' Plummer MS. notes (comparing gell tóirithnech). clithar sēt. Alii dicunt do mbad ainm do boin inlāig .i. arindī doceil a llōeg n-inde [quod non est uerum, sed uerius] Clet[h]ar sēt .i. rī[g]-sēt, Corm. Y 209 . clithear set, slaindte forgu na nuile .i. cleithe ar set .i. loilgech, Laws iv 28.4 , and 16 Comm. c.¤ sed .i. laulgach no daum timchella aratar no buo inlaoge, O'Curry 852 ( H 3.18, 386b ). Also sét clithair (attrib. g s.): ro saig set clithair enech bo-airech coruicce cumal n-uinge no boin nu-da-craid, Laws v 392.1 . set clithair gill ainech boairech inna muin, 390.z . .i. clethe or na sed, gellas tinchaib (= do inchaib) in boairech mailli ris imuig .i. in lulgach, 392.14 Comm.

Compds. With noun. a cliotharchuan D. sheltered harbour, Hugh Roe² 6.11 . do clithardiamaire (sic leg.) an inuid, Acall. 2332 v.l. (do dhiamhair, text).

With adj. cuan cobhsaidh. cluthardaingen, ZCP vi 28.y . in cheirt combrec clithar-diabultae (sic leg.) bui uime, Anecd. iv xiv 27 (`? folded as a covering', Plummer MS. notes). tresna coilltib clithirdiamraib `with their secret shelters', TTebe 312 . tug corn . . . a clithardíamuir a édaig `hidden shelter', Fianaig. 58.17 . rotheichset fo clithárdiamraibh in tíri, CCath. 1249 . fo chailltib clithardlúithe `close-sheltering', Fianaig. 52.11 . mo chroinn . . . cliothardhlúithe, Buile Ṡ. 82.x . imdatuigethar celt clithargarb finna, LU 7732 (BDD). cuan cluthar-mīn Celga, ML² 721 . a da sgiath corcra clithir mora, ZCP x 306.23 .

1 cor

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cor or dil.ie/12406
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: cur, car, cora, cura, cara, -uir, cora

n o, m. Later also cur, car, cora, cura, cara. Vn. of fo-ceird. c.¤ car (an tsíl ┐ na bḟíach ┐ na sligheadh ┐ fuaras . . . ┐ atá orum) . . . c.¤ (an eich . . . car an eich .l.) g s. -uir, m., IGT Decl. § 69 . cur (an tsíl) g s. cora m., § 70 . cura cora cara (an tṡíl) m., § 2 . Verbs § 58 . c.¤ a curvo , O'Mulc. 369 . in c.¤ , 499 . fuirmeal .i. cur, O'Cl.

1 act of putting, placing; setting up, etc. in a wide variety of contexts: mórfessiur . . . oc c.¤ cacha h-óenslaite (of building a house), LU 8059 ( FB 2 ). áes feig . . . do ch.¤ i n-óenfecht dia saichthin to send, 6145 (TBC). gan Aenach C. do c[h]ur not to hold, Ériu xviii 62 § 20 . ? ar c.¤ bissexa, LL 17463 . a chur ind `it shall be forfeited', Laws i 160.15 Comm. bid teora bliadna os úir gen a cur (of transplanting trees), Marco P. 165 . gan cur ná treabhadh soisgéoil planting, Mac Aingil 5005 . ? ac cur na sáraighthedh dictating the cases of s., O'Gr. Cat. 120.2 . clú M. ar c.¤ a caemna `has established her protection', Studies 1920, 419.12 . c.¤ eich spurring on a horse, Aithd. D. 77.27 . gan inghean . . . ré cur síoda ná gréis `wearing silk or embroidery', Keat. ii 2770 . an fhuinneóg . . . ar a mbī cur cléthe nó gráta = garnished with a strong grate of iron, RSClára 93b . ag cur chru `shoeing a horse', AFM iv 694.18 . ? sciath . . . do chur ber ┐ sleg ┐ saiget for . . . warding off(?), LL 24895 .

2 In figura etymologica: ní chuirfi c.¤ búada de `will not win thereby', Trip. 78.9 . noconfōicher c.¤ dia chind he won't stir his head, TBC-I¹ 706 (cf. ni lamad c.¤ de he dared not budge, LU 726 ). co rolád c.¤ isin dúnad take a turn round the camp, 154 (LU). asbér is c.¤ roda lláus immudu that I have simply lost it, TBFr. 168 . ba he met rolad c.¤ dia indtleacht na hingine such an impression was made on the girl's mind, ZCP xiii 262.20 . is níor fhéad c.¤ do chur dhi could not stir it, DDána 102.25 . Note further: do ghrádh ód thriath ná till ch.¤ `turn not by a single point thy devotion away', Magauran 2362 .

3 act of throwing, casting : c.¤ .i. urchor, O'Cl. di ch.¤ cruinn da-cer dul issa mmuir `from casting (the) lot' (gl. de ligno sortis), Tur. 132 . c.¤ cloiche (a game), Celtica viii 149.21 . cur clach, Cóir Anm.² i 179 § 10 . cur liac putting the stone, RC ix 454.18 . c.¤ ṅdeiled, Ériu iv 30.10 . ag cur dhísle, Studies 1923, 599 § 15 . foscaigthe na crann do chur fó thuaid don gréin that the trees were casting shadows, CCath. 1581 . gan fhuil a chnis / do ch.¤ , Ériu xvi 134 § 53 . le car snechta, IGT Decl. ex. 246 . lé linn . . . na gceath soin do chur, Keat. ii 2287 . Hence of feats, etc.: oc cur in rothclessa performing , LU 8844 . ag c.¤ iomána, RC xxix 116 § 13 . Note also: le cur claidem by plying the sword. Hy Fiach. 190.z . Of sounds: c.¤ ndelma, Ériu xvi 82.34 . a ngair ag a cur uttering cries, RC xiii 7.7 . Freq. of battles, slaughters, etc.: robu coscrach dia chur / a gleten fri diäbul `he was victorious from fighting his battle', Blathm. 175 . dotháet c.¤ mo diberga de, LU 7067 = BDD² 658 (`plundering', Gloss.). gan cath do c[h]ur, Ériu xviii 62 § 23 . ar cur āir after inflicting slaughter, BColm. 90.19 . fer cora choscair, IGT Decl. ex. 729 . Note also: corrthuafail (= c.¤ thuaithbil ?) gaoithe whirlwind , Corp. Astron. 112.17 . gaotha corr-thuaithbhil, 160.24 .

4 act of letting go, discarding : grís chaomh ar car a smáil, IGT Decl. ex. 1066 . ag car chnúais, ex. 594 . gach cnú chorr ag cur a bláoisce, KMMisc. 172.31 .

5 In a variety of idioms with prepp. (only a small selection can be given from a very wide range, especially where the later lang. is concerned): c.¤ lame ardodced getting involved in misfortune, Wb. 29b18 . car Mhoighe Aoí ar aitreabhadh renewing husbandry in Mag nAí, MS. Mat. 564.21 . c.¤ ar comrād fri canōin `intentness on (?) conversing with the canon', Ériu ii 65 § 11 . barr do chara ar an gceól gcrot, Studies 1919, 612 § 6 . dom char ort, DDána 90.12 `commending me to thee', Ir. Monthly 1920, 53 . ag cur mheic ar ḟer nÍ. imputing to, IGT Decl. ex. 1266 . cur chuca `interfere with them', TSh. 10169 . eolas gacha conaire no cingfitis do chur go crích doibh to lead them all the way wherever they went, BNnÉ 51 § 40 . ainm in míl-sin cen chur de (chev.; in full? precisely?), Metr. Dinds. iii 428.41 . cen a ch.¤ de, ZCP viii 268 § 44 . atá an chruinne dom chur (v.l.) dhí is discarding me, Dán Dé xxviii 24 . c.¤ gortha don ghalldacht `they undertake to set the Pale ablaze', Studies 1920, 417.14 . ag cur do chum an bhaile do ghabhail attempting, AFM v 1846.1 . C. . . . do ch.¤ do cum báis, vi 2368.15 . xx tunda fina do cur fo tir were cast ashore, Ann. Conn. 1310.10 . ic a cur for dail mbicc treating it as a small matter, CCath. 5014 . dám thrír táncatar ille / dá cur ra (= fri) Find, LL 29302 `sich . . . zu gesellen', Festschr. Stokes 9 . cur ré tuicsin cumacht an Airdrig to attempt to understand, Ériu ii 146 § 165 . decair c.¤ ré draoidheacht ndéin contend with, Duan. F. i 40.21 . cur red chlú ní chúala adding to, competing with, the equal of(?), A. Ó Dálaigh iv 1 . With i n-agaid, see agad, aiged ar c.¤ hi far selbad-si `putting ourselves into your possession', Wb. 8d26 . is c.¤ anma [ ] i mod confuses the spirit, Ériu xx 196 § 21 . cara im cheann to oppose me, Dán Dé xix 20 . Cf. 1 cenn dia c.¤ i cóic dividing it into five, Ériu iv 154.6 . a chur a gcrích uile = the whole disposing thereof, Proverbs xvi 33 . cach dá chur sin a n-ingnad air everyone marvelling at that, BCC 85 . gan iad féin le chéile ag cur `that they pull not together', O'Gr. Cat. 408.10 . rígh is sochair lén doirbh cur whom it is difficult to oppose, Content. xiv 55 . gan c.¤ le gan laghdugadh without addition, ZCP ii 350.10 . c.¤ do sétche uáit putting away thy wife, Wb. 10a21 . iar n-a chur roimhe rí Alban do ghairm de féin proposing, Keat. i 206.70 . do ch.¤ súlae taris `to cast my eyes over it', Mon. Tall. 136.22 . in c.¤ tar cenn gl. euersio, Ml. 36d23 . 72b12 . 99d7 . huan ch.¤ dar cénn gl. auersione, 118a15 .

6 With follg. adv.: iar na chur amach . . . co `after it had been reported . . . that', AFM vi 2226.16 . ? Íosa 's a dhá asbal déag / deacroide cur re a gcoimhéad / brath 'n-a mbun ó thigh do tigh / cur a-mach ar an muinntir, Dán Dé xxi 22 . ? is ferr do neoch a ch.¤ ass to give up (of unrequited love), LU 3943 ( SCC 44 ). ni bhi ga chur as ach sibal an re there is nothing interfering with it, Ir. Astr. Tr. 102.10 . ar mhórán do reachtaibh . . . iar n-a gcur síos written down, Keat. ii 4739 . teampall chille R. do ch.¤ suas `was re-erected', AFM iii 590.16 . cur suas de Dhia to renounce, O'Rah. 295.16 . óna neithibh atá agam' ch.¤ timcheall = a circumdantibus me, TSh. 4264 .

Transferred meanings.

7 leap, twist; throw (in wrestling): ro lá c.¤ n-iach n-erred de i n-arda, MU² 952 , cf. 1 eó, eú . c.¤ fo laim [no prep] (of a horse), Laws iii 180.17 Comm. tuc léim láidir ┐ car, SG 26.28 . troid beó fa comthruime cur, IGT Decl. ex. 529 . c.¤ arrachta `a powerful throw', Stair Erc. 1136 . Cf. rolá in scrín . . . curu dí, Fél. 76.38 .

8 twist, coil : anncoir gorm fa choraibh do chábla, óir, MR 349.z . snas donn a cúil 'na caraib, Prolegomena 45 § 27 . c.¤ d'irbull in dragun a timcill an leogain, ZCP vi 61.16 . ro latraigseat curu imm na cathaib `umkreisten', Alex. 247 = ro lasat curudu, etc,. ZCP xxx 113 .

9 twist, detour, circuit in road, etc.: curu gl. giros, BCr. 18b2 . do bretha c.¤ n-imruill fothuaid ┐ fodess do na sluagaib were led astray, LL 7931 (TBC). ar doirthi na c.¤ `des Weges', ZCP xxx 136.10 (Alex.). téid c.¤ seach an gcathraigh neamhdha `takes a course past Heaven', Dán Dé xxxi 21 . c.¤ sligheadh, PBocht 3.25 . c.¤ fo chosán = cenn fa eite (punctuation mark in Ir. MSS.), O'Don. Gram. 434 . Fig. do choraibh trúagha an talmhan vicissitudes, IGT ex. 770 . biaid cur da findfam there is a way of finding out, MU² 879 . c.¤ .i. cuairt, O'Cl.

10 tune, melody : c.¤ .i. ceol, O'Cl. cass c.¤ cuirt[her] guth ín luin, IT iii 19 § 53 . do sinn slithi senma cuir ┐ puirt, Fianaig. 58.14 . lucht athlaimhe ar choraibh ceoil, DDána 17.19 . ag senm a ch.¤ (a bird), IGT Metr. Faults§ 61 . ? nōnbor āesa cerdd[a] ina sessam imbi oc cur na clīara, Corm. Y 141 = occantain (no ocur), Corm. 7 .

11 In phrases: in cursa this time, LL 7650 (TBC). na bris dúin cairptiu . . . meni bethe ar in t-ṡluagud-sa a ch.¤sa, 8211 `now', TBC-LL² 648 . den chursin `in that moment', Mon. Tall. 148.14 . don chur sa, LU 6303 . dind ara chur `for the second time', Metr. Dinds. iii 4.33 . cedna cur, AFM ii 800.2 . ar ch.¤ éigin = aliquo modo, Rial. S.F. 1691 . ar éunch. at all (after neg. vb.), Parrth. Anma 2448 . gan a deunamh ar ch.¤ ar bith, Rule of Tallaght 27 . ar aonch.¤ ar bith, Párl. na mB. 308 . ar chor oile = aliter, TSh. 6482 . ar an uile ch.¤ in every way, A. Ó Dálaigh l 2 . ar dhá ch.¤ `for two reasons', PBocht 13.21 . ar gach c.¤ in every way, Measgra D. 70.15 . as gach cur, Anecd. ii 62 . ar an gc.¤-sain thus, Dán Dé xviii 19 . ar an gc.¤-sa, O'Hara 1413 . ar an gc.¤ gcéadna, PBocht 13.19 . ar an cc.¤ ad-chluinti `in the way you have heard', O'Hara 3098 . Cf. is é c.¤ ar a ráinig ríoghacht Éireann C. this is how, etc., Keat. ii 3701 . imon c.¤ cedna, Ériu viii 36.25 . c.¤ fri c.¤ together (?), ZCP v 487 § 15 . c.¤ nach ffiorfa an fháisdini `so that he shall not bring the forecast true', Duan. F. ii 56.31 . ar ch.¤ nach feas dó, TSh. 740 . In phr. ar chur in the power of, at the mercy of, at the disposal of: coíca laech ara chur, Metr. Dinds. iv 320.1 . ar mo ch.¤ , Content. xiv 53 . ar chur ┐ fa smacht Easpuig na Rómha, Keat. iii 11 . Hence in Keat. c.¤ ar power over: cur ┐ cumas aige . . . ar an eagluis (Peter), Eochairsg. 6.37 . cur ag an mbás ar na seacht ndrongaibh úd, TSh. 7893 .

Legal.

12 contract . `Irish equivalent of the stipulatio of Roman law, the solemn verbal contract', Críth G. p. 81 . Freq. c.¤ bél (where bél simply limits the general meaning of cor act of putting; not properly verbal as oppd. to written contract , which does not occur in early Irish law, Thurn. ZCP xv 307 - 8 ). Later in more general sense of bond, bargain, agreement, guarantee, undertaking , etc.: c.¤ bēl, Cóic Con. 71.15 . cuir ┐ cundartha, 20.10 . for curu bél, Críth G. 279 . cur (d s.) ┐ chairddiu, 373 . cintaib cuir (coir, MSS.) `to liabilities arising from contract', 339 . ni c.¤ c.¤ for nemthe. for eglais. for fhlaith. for éigsi, Ériu xiii 23.26 . cair cis lir chuir dochuisin? Nin. A do; sochar, ┐ docor, Laws iii 4.5 . acht na cuic curu ata taithmechta la feine, i 50.y . tellach tar curu bel `entry notwithstanding verbal agreement`, v 210.2 . raith fuasluictar coraib `a surety who is freed from contracts', 340.18 . fiadnaisi .i. fiadæ ro nass in c.¤ , O'Mulc. 499 . dentar lib iarṁbes cech cuir/ . . . / edpart matinda, SR 4401 . o roscarsatar ar cuir since our bargain no longer holds (?), 1725 . in c.¤ amra ronenaisc .i. comruc re hēnfer, TBC-I¹ 1185 . c.¤ . . . ┐ faesam rīg Hērenn . . . fair-sium protection (?), Fing. R. 939 . fā choraibh ag cliaraibh, O'R. Poems 2036 `under bonds', Gloss. ná táeb ré c.¤ Conaillech, IGT Decl. ex. 713 . liom gé madh maith an c.¤ chuinghim request , Measgra D. 61.103 . gurab uime do rinde se cuir re lucht na cathrach covenant, ZCP xi 140.12 . aitherrach cuir do ch.¤ don choróin `to transfer the crown', AFM vi 2258.13 . c.¤ nō oibliogāid riagla . . . S. Clára = the obligation of the Rvle, RSClára 145b . Of marriage-contract : issé dorigne curu a mathar fria athair, BColm. 6 § 7 . tucusa c.¤ ┐ coibchi duit amal as dech teít di mnaí, LL 7589 (TBC). maith risin mnáoi si amuigh / amhuil mur snadhmar a cuir, KMMisc. 346.19 .

13 Later in sense surety, guarantor (cf. aitire, naidm(m), 1 ráth): caide c.¤? tricha fear; caide arrae cuir? coic fir déc, O'Curry 347 ( H 3.18, 191 -2). c.¤ .i. urraidh téid an urradhas, O'Cl. it cora a fine fadeisin forra, Laws v 128.18 . fiacha do thobairt a laim an cuir, O'Curry 299 ( H 3.18, 165 ). cata cuir condaigi? . . . Na trí gillai etc., MU² 72 . Rauphel lium doráith / os cind cecha cuir, KMMisc. 255.1 . cuir ┐ rátha, Duan. F. iii 246 . ná (leg. na?) cuirsi do dheimnigh dún / na cuisne eighridh d'ḟadúdh, IGT Decl. ex. 368 . Note also: coro greis in t-ōclach na curu i cenn in rig .i. muir ┐ gaeth ┐ grian ┐ eoitheoir ┐ firmaimint, Dinds. 81 ( RC xvi 32 ). Less explicitly: tecait cura daingne dó, Metr. Dinds. iii 178.153 . ni epér . . . co m-bet cuir dam fria `pledges', MacCongl. 23.1 . neart ar do choraibh ┐ ar do shlāntaibh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 996 . In follg. late exx. the pl. form prob. means guarantee(s), undertaking, term(s): ro naidhmsiot a ccura . . . amhlaidh sin, AFM vi 2172.2 . gur ro naidhm a cura fris `league', iii 126.13 . tugadar cuir ┐ slána do Mhogh N., ML 8.12 . ro naidhmset a ccura friss `they . . . fixed terms with him', Hugh Roe² 132.13 .

In later lang. in various transferred and Fig. meanings.

14 Attrib. g s. cuir. Precise meaning unknown. See TD 1.6 note. go Cruachain cuir, Fen. 182.20 . C. P. na g-call g-cuir, Hy Fiach. 46.10 . Of trees etc. (us. transl. planted): a lubhghort cuir, SGS iv 66 § 29 . an dá chraoibh chuir `those two firm planted branches', Magauran 2064 . Of buildings: teaghdhais chumhang na gcloch gcuir `piled stones', PBocht 27.19 . sluagh na síodh ccorrbhroghach ccuir `strong round-terraced elf-mounds', O'Hara 3329 . asin cloich cuir (in wall), LB 157a63 . Note further: fear . . . go gcuirnín cuir, Hackett xliv 48 . ón chliabhán chuir, Duan. F. ii 62.y . in treas cleitin cuir `casting javelin', 24.17 . for cai cuir `upon the road of a circuit' (of poets), Auraic. 2221 . ? cá bhfuil fós caomhnuime gcuir (not transl.), Content. xxviii 62 (see cunnuimne). a haon trí céd cadla cuir, AFM i 562.1 .

15 act of overthrowing, defeating; defeat, reverse : a ch.¤ do Bh. `he has been outdone by B.', Magauran 225 . tearc flaitheas nach fuighe c.¤ `few kingdoms escape unshaken', Ir. Review 1912, 376 § 6 . fuair T. c.¤ `reverse', Content. v 101 . ? don tsaoghal so an chuir, Párl. na mB. 2179 .

16 state, condition, plight : dia do ch.¤ `awful calamity', PBocht 1.19 . c.¤ an phobuil, DDána 35.9 . an c.¤ do-chiam fúthaibh, 26.2 . cruth cen chēill, dōiriu cach c.¤, is neime i n-ōrlestar worse than anything, ZCP vi 267 § 2 . trúagh c.¤ chloinne Hādhuimh, ii 583.16 .

17 act of tiring; tiredness, fatigue (late; always cur): on brig arna cur = a virtute defatigata, Rosa Angl. 272.19 . a h-aitli tsaetair no cuir, RC xlix 5 § 2 . daóine do chur to weary men, Isaiah vii 13 . ? cen séis, cen cur, cen cumsanad, Laud 610, 25d (Plummer MS notes). ? bean is clann gá cur, IGT Decl. ex. 1117 .

18 V. freq. in later lang. in adv. phr. car(a) (seldom c.¤) in cháemlaí (-laithi) all day long, the livelong day : car an chaomhlaithi, IGT Decl. ex. 132 . car gach aon laithe, Fl. Earls 142.32 . car an chaoimhlaoi, A. Ó Dálaigh l (50) 34 . cara(?) in caomh-laī, Feis Tighe Chonáin 379 . c.¤ an caomlaoi, Grail 2759 . Also: car an chargais during the whole of Lent, BNnÉ 149.38 . c.¤ ind erraigh, Caithr. Thoirdh. 77.34 . car an ḟaghamhair, IGT Decl. ex. 950 . car an geamraidh, ex. 339 .

19 Meaning doubtful or obscure: is blicht la mnāi cur ar is donaite cach tua[th]bel, O'Mulc. 754 . dia coraib, Anecd. i 6.4 ( SCano 156 `agitations?' Gloss.). ba ard cīsel choscair chain / Cormac co n-āni a chuir, ZCP xi 109 § 21 . in mbuithib (leg. inb-) cor a saithe `at the time of the departure of his own swarm', Laws iv 190.13 . fear saor is a bhladh dá bhrath / dá char gion gur caomh a dhreach, DDána 91.6 (to 16?). thainig [siad] do'n chur to the place(?), Oss. vi 62 . ocus tuille: car beg da derbad inntaithmech in focail is aireacht the analysis of the word a. gives some additional proof(?), O'Curry 2272 ( Eg. 88, 20 (21)c ). trí fichid . . . gan ch.¤ and no more(?), Keat. Poems 1185 .

20 Compds. ? measam cundrada carlínad `the worst bargain is fulfilling a contract', ZCP xvii 69 § 7 ( ACL iii 230.153 ). crithre corphort sparkling melodies, Studies 1923, 598 § 11 . ? ba rechtaid críche / corsir `long enduring in contract', Celtica vi 234.y ( coirsear, Laws iv 16.22 ) = corsir .i. focard gulla .i. clocha, a cennaib a aile siu ┐ tall iar ngabail a tirí, O'Curry 849 ( H 3.18, 385b ). conclanna . . . corshnadmanacha (in wrestling), MR 254.26 . See abratchor, 1 gúala, tenchor.

do-boing

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-boing or dil.ie/17242
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: do-boing, tobuing, -toibget, torbongat, toboing, forna turbais, torbais, dobo, dobosat, tochmat, dobibus-sa, dombibsat, topaig, tóerbaig, dochumbaig, tochumbaig, tópacht, do-bongar, tobongar, dobongatar, dobosar, dobostar, tochmastar, dobibustar, topacht, docombachta, tobach, toibgid, tobaigid

v (*to-bong-, * -beg-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 460 , 477 ). Indic. pres. 3 s. do-boing, ni tobuing , Laws i 86 n. 3 pl. -toibget, Laws v 254.2 . (with perfective -ro-) na torbongat , ZCP xiii 29.31 . Ipv. 2 s. toboing, Fing. R. 907 . Subj. pres. 2 s. (with -ro-) forna turbais, Laws i 86 n. na torbais , ZCP xiii 21.28 . 3 s. dobo, O'Dav. 687 . co toib (MS toip), Ériu lvii 156 . (with -ro-) dia toirb, xx 166.58 . 3 pl. dobosat, O'Dav. 686 . (with perf. -com-) cona tochmat , 378 . Fut. 1 s. dobibus-sa, Three Hom. 52 . 3 pl. dombibsat, O'Curry 779 ( H 3.18 365b ). Pret. and perf. 3 s. topaig, Corm. Y 1018 . co tóerbaig , FB § 86 (torbaig, Eg.). (with perfective -com-) dochumbaig: tochumbaig, Laws ii 352.5 . In sense (a) below the form tópacht (really a pass., Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 378 , 477 ) is commonly used (-ó- usually marked long in MSS.). Pass pres. s. do-bongar, Críth G. 60 . ni tobongar , Laws ii 272. 3 Comm. pl. dobongatar, Laws ii 122.17 . Subj. pres. dobosar, Laws ii 88.6 . dobostar, v 464.21 . With perf. -com-, tochmastar, O'Dav. 1550 ( Ériu xiii 13.27 ). Fut. dobibustar .i. toibhghistar, O'Curry 1476 ( H 3.18 653 ). Pret. and perf. s. topacht (see above), LL 200b26 . pl. docombachta, O'Dav. 30 . Vn. tobach.

Later as simple vb. toibgid, tobaigid. IGT Verbs § 52 .

(a) plucks, wrests, tears (away); breaks, strikes (off, away): tobuing dlai dam cut (pluck?) me a wisp, Hib. Min. 72.17 ( Fing. R. 907 ). rorigi a láim corrici ina cróes co tóerbaig a cride este tore out its heart, FB § 86 . tópacht in claideb assa intig, TBC-LL¹ 2870 . con-tópacht in corthe clochi a talmain tore the stone pillar from the ground, 1984 . ó thópacht aicce in chaill chain | cona fremaib as talmain, LL 200b26 . topacht in grainne ass the grain was cut (taken?) out, ZCP ii 135 § 10 . co topacht a chend de struck off his head, FB § 77 . ragat-sa . . . co topachtur a chend de, LU 6008 (TBC). co topacht bil a scéith féin a chend de Sualtam, TBC-LL¹ 4747 . topach (doben, St.) a fholt o chúl có étan de, 1890 . tópacht cétbunni darach d'oenbéim, 563 . topacht a thul dia thargu, Metr. Dinds. ii 130 . is lé topacht in lathe ṁbuana by her the reaping was done, Fél. p. 56 .

(b) breaks: dibibsigter (= dobibsatar?) tige houses will be destroyed (?), IT iii 551 = dobrisfiter, TFerbe 206 . is e in clethe-sin dobibuir hit étan iar do chlaidbiud do Allmarchaib which will be broken on thy brow (?), LB 260b31 , cf. YBL 136a31 . Intrans. (?): dochombuich mo chorc-sa thall (.i. dobris mo craide-si astigh), ZCP v 487 (B. na f.).

(c) exacts, wrests (someth. fr. someone), usually with notion of force; and esp. exacts, levies, recovers (a fine or tribute); with accus. of thing and DE (occasionally FOR or FRI) of pers.: do thabhuigh exacted, Eg. Gl. 588 . doboing bretha dín `deprives us of justice', RC xvii 143.19 (Tig.). teid an fiach-so do neuch dib dodboing, Anecd. iii 22 . trían as don ardríg dondboing, Ériu i 214 . nach logait nach ni dia fiachaib acht toibgit iat o bicc co mor, PH 4333 . biathad cach óin tobó fiachu in[n]a cānae . . . intan dombongatar, Cáin Ad. § 48 . dobibus-sa (.i. toibegait) mo thindscra dhít, Three Hom. 52 . gach aón . . . thoibhéobhus mo chíoscháin, Ériu v 100 . in ticfa nech to ibechus mo chuarta? who will levy my tributes?, Fen. 170 . cet ngiall as cach oen coicedh | rothobaigh Niall ní, AU 763 (poem). rotobhaigh cís cecha cinidh, CCath. 126 . isi seo in eraic do thabaid Tuathal 'na ingenaib .i. boroma, Lec. 593b40 . rathobgiset in mBoroma, RC xiii 94 § 121 . secht nairlenga . . . na tochmastar dliged tairsib, O'D. 655 ( H 3.17 502 ) `so that law cannot be exacted in their despite', Plummer MS. notes. tocombaig a ṡlán ara ḟornert `he is able to enforce his compensation', Críth G. 414 and n. cach dichmairc . . . is cona dire dobongar, Laws ii 352 . mad a cirt dobostar de if it is by right claimed from him, v 464 Comm. ni tobungaur dia comhurbuib iar n-ecuibh it is not recoverable from his heirs, ii 274 . fa ma dalbach di na tobngar díre n-ainech, ACL iii 294 § 7 . nír taibged a hēntīr riam [ar] tinólset `never had there been levied from one country' (carried off), RC xviii 174 . ase fiach rotoibhgheadh ann, AFM ii 1142 (1161) . is cumai fiach neich doci ┐ nad aidbri ┐ nad thobaing (dobuing, v.l.) fri neuch cullius soiri an domnaig does not exact (the penalty ?), Anecd. iii 22 . acht cidh tochmastar fri ferba filed .i. acht a[n]ni toibges an fili asa briathraib, O'Dav. 1550 ( Ériu xiii 13.27 ). ní tobuing nech for na tobungar no person can levy who is not subject to levy, Laws i 86 n. in tí dia tidnaic in Coimdiu imarccraid a móine . . . toibéchar fair co serb . . . o Día, PH 4112 . do thabaigh se a tigerntus aran imperi dó, ZCP vi 289 . With preposition ó obj.: doberthar dígal fhola Crist fort ┐ taibeochthar co serb uait hí, LB 222b22 . In wider sense: muna thuga duit a inghen ar ais, tobaigh ar eigin hi, Aen. 1681 . dūss in ruirmemis a lín | int sluaigh doboing bretha dín the host that deprives us of judgements, RC xvii 143 . rothoibge a coibsena thou shalt exact their confessions, ACL iii 316 § 41 . orait d'Aodh Ruadh do tobaigh co foregnac an leabar so ar Chonnachtaib, LU 2775 (scribal note). Hui Choirpri . . . ni rucsat orbe conid torbaing Dau Iarlathe ar écin, Anecd. iii 62 . taibhghedh om chat mo dreollán let him recover my wren from my cat, BCC § 118 . tochombaig Ciannacht cianbruige C. took possession of distant farms, Laws iv 8 ( .i. rotoibgestar, 28 Comm. ). is luath toibgit na sofir a ferann tresin techtugad so, 2.6 Comm. (gl. on: tocombachtnaib sealb saerteallaigh, cf. O'Dav. 303 ). In fig. sense: días do thobhoigh grádh dá ngaois two who inspired love, Studies 1920, 262 § 3 . do thabhaigh clú d'Íbh Carrthoigh who won fame for, 3 C 12, 425.6 . do thabhaig deóir óm dheirc wrung tears from, 393.10 . For further exx. see Gadelica 72 .

Note also: rem riagail is beacht do boing with my rule (i.e. computation) it tallies (?) exactly , Lec. 363b18 (see 2 do-ben).

fíthe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fíthe or dil.ie/22245

 

adj io-iā (part. of fen— Cf. RC xl 356 § 246 ).

I Woven, plaited ; fenced: fíthe cerda (.i. dluthaim eladain) `weft of art' RC xxvi 20.51 . claideb ... hi truaill fichthi fithi findarcait (i.e. with an interlaced or intricate design ?) TBC-I¹ 2342 . cupa ḟíthe `chased cup' Studies 1927, 288 . gormanart ... go stuagaib fíthi figthi ... findruini (where stuag seems to mean `hook' or `loop') TBC-LL¹ 5336 . immu airícul fid fithi, IT iii 53.1 . i ngar bhfionncholl bhfíthe ` thickly-growing ' TD 41.11 . Of houses : a n-aititin tighi fithi do denam ar a ferand, Laws v 316.9 Comm. cia ro cendaig duine ait cerdca no muillinn no thige fithi, O'Curry 226 - 227 (< H 3.18, 122 ). See also s.v. foslat. teach fichti (fithi, fithte vl.). forche, BDD 6 . tech fithe forchai, Ériu xi 44.25 . cf. loingthighe ... arna gcar d'fheadhach fhíthe `of woven branches' Ériu v 56z . See also under II. Of hair : tred chéibh ... bhf.¤ , Dánta Gr. 70.4 . Of eyelashes : ba mhór ṅfabhra bhf.¤ bhfliuch ... tuirseach, Ériu iv 62.17 . Of sheep (ref. to fleece ?) : don chrích ... na gcaorach bhf.¤ ; urra an treóid fh.¤ , Ir. Syll. Poetry 63 § 6 , § 9 .

II As subst. : tech n-inchis .uii. traighe ind. fithi ind co ruici fordorus. ete itir cach dara fithe co ruice clethe O'Curry 807 ( H 3.18, 373b ).

See figthe.

1 formna

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 formna or dil.ie/23781
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: formnu, formnu, formnae, formnai, formnada, formnai, formnaib

n io, m. originally n. (formna ndagduíne, Ériu xlv 11 § 4 ). d s. formnu, LU 6924 ( BDD 54 ). LU 9762 . LL 282b33 . a p. formnu, SR 3992 . formnae, LU 6863 ( BDD 44 ). formnai, Gild. Lor. 161 . Acc. to Zimmer ZCP i 92 from formuin `upper back'. In texts the distinction between sing. and pl. is often obscured by later spelling. n p. formnada is found in late texts (BB, MR).

(a) in lit. sense shoulder, shoulders: na formnai , gl. humeros Gild. Lor. 161 . gen scieth ... for a formnai, RC xii 96 § 127 . samalta ┐ orsnáth cach finna ... dara formna síar, LU 6546 . claideb ... iarna formnu a ... sword hanging from his shoulder TBC-I¹ 3203 = c. iarna formna; formnai 3276 ; 3287 (= c. bara chliu; iarna thaebdruimm, TBC-LL¹ 5340 , 5389 ). seissiur ingen ... ┐ tuignech futairli forro go f.¤ a ngualann, Acall. 5028 . da gilla ... ┐ tuighnech ... forro co formnaib a ngualann, 3745 . ar righthibh a[r] formnaibh fer ronruccadh isin righthegh, ZCP viii 219z . togaibh G., ... ┐ cunnaibh re t'ucht ... ┐ re t'[ḟ]ormna, vi 27.21 . snigis tromṡnechta ... cor ránic co formnu fer, MU² 307 ( LL 264a33 ). co roiched fuil formnada fer, BB 420a50 . go n-éirghe fuil ósna formnaibh, TD 16.67 . ic brudh a formnadh ┐ a cloiccend, CCath. 5758 . atchuala C. fúaim ind usci fri formnaib in miled, RC xiv 422 § 41 ( LL 110b36 ). Of animals: toccbais bleidhmíl ... a fh.¤ a n-airde uas trethan na ttonn back BNnÉ 61 § 83 (of the `fish-island' cf. b). da natraigh ... ┐ a formnada ┐ a cind a n-airde, Aen. 487 .

(b) transf. back, surface, of land, etc. and esp. of the open sea: Arand ... tadall fairge re a f.¤ , Acall. 340 . f.¤ cacha fuinn, MR 100.16 . formna fērtlachtmara ... cacha bruighe 100 z . anmanda ... for a f.¤ (of an island), Anecd. i 53 § 23 . ráncatár formnae na fairgge, LU 6863 ( BDD 44 ). co mbátár for formnu na fairrce, LU 6924 ( BDD 54 ). o ro siachtatar f.¤ na farge, LL 283a18 . co ra leth ... dar f.¤ na fairggi (of a mist) LL 235b35 ( TTr. 1394 ). sochtsat for f.¤ na fírfairge, Metr. Dinds. ii 26.16 . Cf. ... a dondúathróic ndondlethair ndegsúata do f.¤ cethri ndamseched, LU 6422 = TBC-LL¹ 2561 (`Schulter' Wind.).

(c) top, highest part, extremity (possibly: ... formni gil, Thes. ii 292.11 comes here, but cf. LU 3036 , under d below); co féice ┐ co f.¤ na bruidne, SG 178.4 (om. Laud, Acall. 3799 ). o ṡiothbaca a ṡāl co f.¤ a chean[n]mhullaig MR 260.5 . ro thormaighetar na toirthe co nach fuilngitis formnada forghablanna fiodhbaidh fothaib so that the branching tree-tops could no longer support their weight (?) 100.17 . Laignig ... i costad in catha sin | na formnaib na iarculaib in van and rear 188.13 .

(d) fig. apex, climax, perfection: cléthe .i. f.¤ nó int art fine .i. intí is airdi don fine ut est ... co clethi fine ... .i. co f.¤ na fine, O'Dav. 486 . Aed mac Fidaig f.¤ nert, ZCP iii 262.15 . is rí Fiachna f.¤ gil, LU 3036 = SG 235 (perhaps in lit. sense, cf. Thes. ii 292 cited at beginning of c above). f.¤ síne samraidh, Snedg. u. Mac R 11 § 39 . diamad ḟer i f.¤ [fornna MS.] a aíse the prime of life TTr.² 1500 . luid dar f.¤ lái acht súail `it has almost passed the shoulder of the day' (i.e. mid-day ?) RC xiv 414.10 ( LL 109b19 ). iar ndul ... i f.¤ a feasa ... ┐ i muinighin a dea ┐ a eolusa, RC xliii 48 § 46 , cf. condighsedh i formnai a dhána `apex (?) of his art', Lism. L. 2303 (see Keat. ii 5446 ff ).

(e) Folld. by part. gen. the choice, the best part, occas. passing into sense the greater part (cf. forglu, sect. c): slechtais L. ... co formnu fer nErend do P., LU 9762 . boí ... día farsingi in tige i tallastár f.¤ lāth ngaile in chōicid, 8739 ( FB 55 ). f.¤ flathi fer nErend, LU 9741 ( RC vi 164 ). .xxx. láech de formnu sluaíg na cathrach, LL 282b33 . f.¤ bó fer ┐ ech TBC-LL¹ 4194 . co ffargaibhset f.¤ a ngregha, AFM ii 738.4 . In pl.: Conaire ... co formnaib fer nErend n-imbi, LU 6915 ( BDD 52 ). So in chevilles: nir línaib fer, formnaib snas SR 5633 . batar ḟlaithi formnaib sell | for .u. coicedaib Herenn, Rawl. 156b36 . formnaib dāl ib. 43 . f.¤ .i. imat ut est f.¤ taircetail, H 3.18. 653 (cf. ... dicetul faidhe f.¤ tairceta, O'Dav. 817 ). f.¤ .i. imad no forgla ut est ... formnaib ech n-allmuire, O'Dav. 927 . ? slog find forderg formnib ech, LU 3866 ( SCC 38 , `for multitudes of horses', Leahy i 182 ).

in muir mor ... ro dáil rí grene ... for formnu féne Forainn SR 3992 may belong to this but sense (a) would suit both passages.

(f) f.¤ casbairdne name of a metre IT iii 89 § 118 .

lebor

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lebor or dil.ie/29673
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: lebar

n o, m. (Lat. liber) Also with li-, liu-. In later lang. lebar, lio- m., IGT Decl. § 75 . l.¤ quasi libor a libro , Corm. Y 816.

(a) book, volume (as physical object): ainm do teig liubair, Ir. Gl. p. 70 . ina téig libuir, PH 925 . astal .i. gai liubuir, O'Mulc. 96 . ónd úair . . . oslaices Héli in l.¤ do forcetol na n-anmand, LU 2274 ( FA 33 ). ro fothaig [Palladius] . . . Cell Fine i farcaib a libru, Lat. Lives 50.4 . libair bána / leisa ngabar salmthrátha blessed books, SG 52.2 . nach comartha aithrige dam . . . mo uli lebar do badud?, PH 2243. tuc in t-espuc in lebar for aird ┐ atbert tital in libair, 25 . tuitid a liobhair . . . / . . . i n-íochtar an aigéin / gan díoth na litre as lugha, Dán Dé iv 23 . Folld. by qualifying gen.: leabhar . . . slighedh a road-book, itinerary , SG 23.17 . lebhar aithffrind gl. missale, Ir. Gl. 853 . ṡailm ┐ orthain filet isin libar espuic a pontifical, LB 277a61 . in lebhar sochair sea do Chonall `Book of Dues', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 22.6 . mo leabhar glaice / d'airitmetig orduighthe `handbook', Studies 1923, 598 § 7 .

(b) book, volume, part of a book in sense of written document, treatise: scribinnd ind libur-so (recte libuir) `(the day) of writing this book', Wb. 15a30 . dorimther hí libur Essaiae á scel-so, Ml. 16c10 . i llibur iudicum, 104a7 . mad forcenn libuir nach magen i mbeth amen indib, 2d1 . ised inso . . . tosach ind libuir, Tur. 39 . a thitol re cach libur, Sg. 2a8 . l.¤ airissen `a book of chronicles', 106b15 . fastus .i. l.¤ , 106b19 , cf. 18 . tar hési denmo ind libuir after the writing of this treatise, 2a7 . Mael Issu Húa Brolchan . . . co nderna fen liubra ┐ eladhna, RC xvii 417.y (Tig.). ro thúirsem libru, Fél. Ep. 75 (liubru, libra, v. ll.). acht ara légda inda libra, Mon. Tall. 160.y (§ 79) . it comdire hi lebruib .i. . . . a leabraib in leidinn `in the books [of Canon Law?],' BCrólige 5 . nonbur tra do-erglas do ordughadh in liubair-si (of the Senchas Már), Laws i 16.21 Comm . dogniat im̅ augtair ┐ libair aile corugud aile fora n-imthechtaib, LU 5390 (TBC). bai dind oc libur leig doct .i. no forcanad libru ind rechta co clethe quia fuit doctor in libris legis, 662 (ACC). in dá l.¤ fichet fetarlicce isind áirim óinlibuir atrímter, Hib. Min. 2.59 - 60 . fodailter i cóic libru combad forcind libuir nach maigen i mbi fiat fiat, 2.47 . do gheunam roinn . . . ar an leabar-sa aga roinn a leabhraibh saine, MS. Mat. 581.41 . léighthear i leabhroibh feasa / gurb é . . . / an tairrngertach, L. Cl. A. B. 137.77 .

In Laws Comm. in l.¤ , l.¤ aile or liubair frequently cited as authorities: is i sin ech is mo log indeises lebur `that any book mentions', v 416.2 Comm . ruidles athghabala na daoine so do reir liubair, i 106.33 Comm . nochu n-indisiund leabur dethbir in eduigh, O'D. 207 ( H 3.17, col. 164 ). na geill aisneidhis in dlighedh so sís, no in leabhur so, O'D. 198 ( H 3.17 col. 160 ). atbeir in lepur eile curub inunn . . . , O'D. 211 ( H 3.17 col. 168 ). uii. mairbriara do ḟlaith cedgiallna ┐ nochon indis leabhar marbriara do ḟlaith forgiallna, O'D. 1010 ( H 2.15A p. 16 ). in logh is lugha fogabar a liubar, O'Curry 596 ( H 3.18, 293 ). cáin airlictheo, ní aurasu a cocáelad la Féniu ┐ libru 'in Irish law and the books [of Canon Law]', Cáin Ónae 38 § 5 .

Freq. in the titles of Irish MSS.: Lebar fata Lethglindi, Laws v 472.24 Comm . a Leabur na hUacongbala, IT iii 199 § 58 (see LL Introd. xii ). a Libur Dromma Snechta, LU 10557 n. (H). Slicht Libair Budi Slani, 3220 (H). Fland tra ┐ Eochaid eolach hua Cérin is iat ro thinolsat so a llebraib Eochoda . . . i nArd Macha ┐ a llebraib Manistrech ┐ asna lebraib togaidib archena .i. asin Libur Budi testo asin carcar i nArd Macha ┐ asin Libur Girr boí i mManistir, 2920 ff. (H). rucadh siar . . . in Leabar Gearr a ḟuasclodh I Dochartaigh ┐ Leabar na Huidri do dul a fuasclodh meic ollamon I Domnaill, 2779 - 80 (entry of A.D. 1470). Liubhuir . . . Cluana mic Nóis .i. na hUidhri, Mart. Don. xxxviii . Leabhar Buidhe Moling ┐ Leabhar Dubh Molaga, Keat. i 80.1 . l.¤ Cindfaeladh, Auraic. 67 . lepur Aedhagain, O'D. 248 ( H 3.17, 199 marg.). incipit da Leabhur na cCeart [in-]indistear do chísaibh ┐ tuarastlaibh Ereann, Leb. Cert. 28.3 . Liupar Gabhaltus, liubhair Dinnsenchus . . . Liubhuir Arda Macha, Mart. Don. p. xxxviii (in a list of the Libri famosiores). do bhrig gur bo beus do na seanchaidhibh slonnadh leabhar ar leith, do rer a saine, do shaorchlannuibh Gaoidheal . . . mar ta leabar Connachtach, Ultach, Laighneach, Muimhneach, MS. Mat. 581.37 ff . an Leabhar Eoghanach, L. Cl. A. B. l .

(c) charter, title-deed (?) (cf. scríbend II): leabhair (leabhar, MSS.) Bhriain ar fiaidh bhFuinidh, L. Cl. A. B. 89.72 .

Used in affirmation: int-ī tuc lebar aiffrind no dealb Dia, PH 7333. Here also probably: deog liubair `the book drink' (some kind of religious test), Laws v 472.23 Comm . (gl. fir . . . comperta naime, 470.x ).

COMPDS. ¤choimét book-cover, case for holding a book : leborchométa chethrachori (bibliothicus qua[drata]s), Trip.² 1075 . ¤choimétaid librarian: Maoliosa . . . leabharcoimhédaigh [Arda Macha], AFM ii 1052.9 .

léignid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. léignid or dil.ie/29790
Last Revised: 2019

 

n i, m. (léigenn) learned man, scholar : clēthe Laigen lēgnide, / suī slān chief among the learned men of the Laigin, Bruchst. 106 § 2 (of Cobthach abbot of Cill Dara d. 870, called sapiens ┐ doctor, LB 101b63 ). lēgnidhe na mBretan, Corm. Y 211. ? sruth do aill . . . baidhidh droch-leighniudha fortabhraidsi co n-ailchib testemna ┐ cedfaidhi, Laws iv 356.13 . aes óg, sacairt, leignidi, SR 4390 . do menmannaib inna legnidhi, Hib. Min. 1.3 . adcós úaim dhuib, a legnicch (? leg. -nidi), nach fo lim saotar an tslecda so do graiffnedh orum, CS 8.y . do réir in légnid légas, Metr. Dinds. iv 246.4 . ba hollom berla Féne, / ba leigind leire mebra, 344.84 . leignidh ┐ fellsamh roglic, BB 488b15 . morleighnidh primhcoitcheann amail Origin, Lism. L. 3322 . ben bui ina legnidh i lLadin ┐ i mBerla ┐ i nGoidhilc, AU iii 348.9 . léighnidh dhúinne do dheimhnigh / Hibernus ainm an gheimhridh, Content. iv 14. ? tri chaegait Rom, tri chaegit Francc, | cae(g)a (d)o Breatnaib fo tri, | tri caegait do Lugair legnaidi, CGSH § 737.3 .

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lú or dil.ie/30749
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: lui, lai, lue

n (g s. lui, lai infra may indicate orig. lue, io): iathlu .i. etti-lū .i. bec a eti, Corm. Y 776 . l.¤ cach mbecc, 797 . lelap .i. laulep .i. láu cech mbec, Corm. Bodl. 8.22 . l.¤ .i. bec, O'Mulc. 771 , 791 . Note also: lu .i. olc, ut dicitur: ni len lu lessugud, O'Mulc. 792 . lúada .i. l.¤ gach mbeag, O'Cl.

In Laws Comm. something small, thing of small value (opp. of cleithe): cid im lu, cid im cleithi, Laws i 54.18 . cid bec .i. im lu. Cid mor .i. im cleithe, iii 38. y . noco nuil deithbir lui na cleithi im in cumail sin that c. is a fixed payment, 100.6 . fo aicned lai no cleithi `according to the nature of major or minor (value)', 144.15 . gid cutrumus lui gid cutrumus clethe `whether equal to small or equal to large (cattle)', iv 200.32 . a ngaid lui, iii 108.11 . in cethruime rand dec a ngait laoi ann, v 170.y . cach athgabala co ruigi l.¤ ┐ im lu fein, i 224.7 . derbforghell luí `a false oath respecting the stealing of an article of little value', iii 394.13 . Taken by Laws edd. as compar. in: mad lu, is let log enech `if less. . .', i 140.29 . coir cemad lu [orro] `it is right that there should be less (fine imposed) upon them', iii 504.8 . In cheville: sluínd go lu, iv 218.3 . Cf. Stokes Laws Crit. 22.

Perh. also: núide lui gl. nouacula, Sg. 59b14 - 15 . See note in Thes.

Compds. ¤barc small ship (if not for lúath- or lúth-): lan do longaib ┐ do lúbarccaib, Acall. 6920. 6504 . longa ┐ lugbarca, TTr.² 112. Ériu viii 18.31 . ? ¤chethra: direnar landire ro suidiged i comdire . . . fri lu cethra `for the small cattle', Laws iv 200.3 . ¤lai see 3 lai. ¤láeg (in etymol. gl. on lulaig): lu .i. cach mbec, unde dicitur, lulaigh .i. laeg mbec, O'Curry 110 ( H 3.18, 71 ). ¤orc small pig : lulaig ł luuan ł luorc, CIH iii 1109.22 . ¤úan small lamb : lulaig ł luuan ł luorc, CIH iii 1109.22 .