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4 aire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 4 aire or dil.ie/1886
Last Revised: 2013

 

[io, n.] vn. of ar-fen. See LEIA and BBCS xxvi 447 . act of making a dam; dam, fence (on a stream), weir: a.¤ .i. cora ēisc, ut dixit a.¤ ēisc [ḟlatha], O'Mulc. 101 . a.¤ .i. cora éisg, O'Cl. a.¤, cora a fishing-weir, Eg. Gl. 677 . athgabail tresi . . . hi ta.¤ , Laws i 162.22 . im a.¤ fri sruth, 202.1 .i. ime ar cind in srotha, 204.25 Comm. a.¤ eisc (sic leg.) flatha, O'D. 1628 (H. 5.15, p. 16a). a.¤ .i. ime nó fal, ut est a.¤ eisci flatha .i. ime do denam ar cinn eisc na flatha ┐ adeir sé: ni techta ni bes [mó] nó trian inn uisce do a.¤ (.i. do ime) `to dam more than a third of the water', O'Dav. 60 . a.¤ srabha sraibh .i. draighin, Auraic. 1192 = O'Dav. 180 (.i. fal). clíatha draigin is derg-scíach / gníset moa n-áth dia a.¤ to fence it, Metr. Dinds. iii 316.3 . Fig. sech is áire do Albain óig / mind n-óir D. Ch. (i.e. Colm Cille,) iv 98.y .

cáelach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cáelach or dil.ie/7579

 

Forms: caolach, -aigh, -aighi

n o, [n, ?] (cáel). caolach m. (g s. -aigh, n p. -aighi), IGT Decl. § 55 .

(a) twigs, wattles : ar chaelach na caelle (=coille), Laws iv 186.18 Comm. tri cuailli cona níndteach, 152.7 .i. in c.¤ , 13 Comm. gnímh cláraigh ┐ caelaigh, CCath. 1814 . a cháin a ccaolach a ghealcholl `his fine for (despoiling) the stems of his white hazels', KMMisc. 174 § 33 . cliatha caolaig doriginset Laigin fo cosaib caorach (expl. of Áth Cliath), Dinds. 28 ; Content. xxviii 11 . do bein caelaig do cumhdach eclasi, Lism. L. 893 . Compounded with finn white (i.e. peeled) wattles, see 1 finn compds. dorigned cro coelaig imme (of a prisoner), Lism. L. p. 310.9 . a ccengal i ccró chumhang caolaigh, Anecd. iii 2.22 . docóidh . . . isin chorgus i ccró cáolaidh, BNnÉ 127 § 20 . Fig. flaith . . . dá ngéagaibh súd / . . . is dá gcaolach úr, O'Rah. 134.226 . atá cathair chaolaigh dhuinn / ós do ghruaidh (of hair), DDána 74.63 .

(b) More specifically of the roof-wattling of a house under the thatch: in ríg-thech . . . eter chúalle ┐ cháilach, Metr. Dinds. iii 80.48 . tech . . . / cōelach cōelán, MacCongl. 69.6 . mar threabhradh ar thaobhaibh eang / deallradh caolaigh ós a cionn (descr. of a castle), DDána 119.26 . a caolach 's a ceol (of a house), O'Rah. 46.6 .

(c) (withy) rope : nauticorum ope rudentium .i. caolaighe cnáibe, AFM iv 729 note . an cáolach léur cuibhrigheadh é, Parrth. Anma 5581 .

(d) Name of a plant: craobha don chaolach is díorgha d'fhás, Keat. Poems 581 `fairy flax, linum silvestre', Gloss.

callta

Cite this: eDIL s.v. callta or dil.ie/8069

 

n coraighit na cliatha cruaidhi cona ch.¤ , BLism. 173ra4 . Cf. 1 caill ?

1 cath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cath or dil.ie/8344
Last Revised: 2019

 

n u, m. IGT Decl. § 95 .

(a) battle, fight : fo béesad fir téte do ch.¤ , Wb. 9a3 . in chatho gl. proelii, Ml. 34a20 . amal dunem-side nech iarna chúl hi c.¤ `behind him in battle', 112a5 . fon ch.¤ gl. sub Marte, Sg. 44a1 . dochum in chathai, Cáin Ad. 17 . fuil fearthar a c.¤ , Laws v 142.9 . d'ēt chatho `through seeking a battle', Ériu xvi 146.4 . glond catha comramaig, LU 8957 ( FB 71 ). cuimling móir ┐ catha etir Ulta ┐ Un Neill, Lat. Lives 19.9 . nocha comhain cath fiora battle does not spare men (prov.), Hugh Roe² 186.6 . amail ch.¤ sula gl. palpetratione (leg. palpebratione), Ériu iv 182.x . catha, ┐ urtha, ┐ irgala (of types of stories), Laws i 46.4 Comm. Of individual battles: cath Muigi Tuirend, Airne F. 187 . i c.¤ Aird Ladrainn, MacCarthy 156.z . Cath Moigi Slecht . . . ainm in katha-sin, Ann. Conn. 1256.7 . In Cath Cathardha (title of text), CCath. p. 2 . Of spiritual warfare: teannobthor c.¤ ar an chloinn temptation, Magauran 2217 . go gceanglam ar gcorp san gcath, Aithd. D. 80.43 .

As descr. gen.: ciṅg catha, Fél. Aug. 24 . ina cipi . . . catha, Stair Erc. 1513 . lán do chonfadh catha, TSh. 1073 . d'écin catha ná comlaind, MU² 172 . gan fhíor catha ag C. he fought against odds, Aithd. D. 33.22 . cen līn catha imbi sufficient to do battle, TBC-I¹ 335 (see 1 lín). míl catha, Fél. Ep. 275 . róe catha = c.¤ : re catha `a battle of war', Laws v 300.x . gnúsi námat i rói chatha, Tec. Corm. 9 . See 1 cró.

In phrases: cid cia ar ar cuirestar ceist in catha whoever was worried about the outcome of the battle, MR 166.14 . ar cor cestu (cesta, v.l.) an morcatha dim, CCath. 3784 . c.¤ fri x battle against x (somet. with Vn. force): oc c.¤ fri diabul `in fighting against', Wb. 23d8 . c.¤ fri Demon détlae, Fél. Prol. 242 . co ticfat do chath fri A., PH 7279 . With vbs. of offering, giving, winning, losing etc. : for diabal ro brisis c.¤ , Ériu xix 15 § 13 . robris c.¤ . . . for demun, PH 4732 . conboing catha cróchombág, LU 8352 ( FB 24 ). indiu cuirthir in c.¤ , 3661 ( SCC 32 ). tabairt catha do Assarib, Ml. 34c11 . maní dene chathu oc ditin do thuathe, 37c15 . gniid cathu, LU 3415 ( SCC 18 ). ita in c.¤ oca ferthain, 3664 ( 33 ). do f[h]resdal c[h]atha do C[h]onn, ML² 198 . du frithteirissem in chatho gl. ad resistendum, Ml. 83a11 . do fhuacgra catha fair, Stair Erc. 1653 . mebaid c.¤ ria Sīl C. . . . for Coin-Corb, Corp. Gen. 27.23 . See maidid, maidm, roínid. gidh roimhe do-chuaidh an cath though he won the battle, Aithd. D. 33.22 .

(b) troop, battalion : tinol catha, LU 3367 ( SCC 15 ). flaith fri Nīall ro chathu clói, Hail Brigit 21 . is na cathaib gl. in acie, Gild. Lor. 23 . ciṅgset inna c.¤ co fí, LL 336 . ba cain géim a chatha company, Fél. Prol. 139 . c.¤ do lucht na catrach group, BB 414b34 . na seacht ccatha boí san fFéin, Duan. F. ii lvii 29 . c.¤ Aodha Find . . . / gibe díbh gebhus righe family, BNnÉ 258.w . tréanaingil Dé i gcathaibh iata, Hackett² xxxii 103 . More specifically: tri ch.¤ ┐ .x. cét ar fichit cét cach catha, RC xvii 416.26 (Tig.). trí catha na Gnáithḟéine, ┐ trí mhíle san ch.¤ , Keat. ii 5155 .

Of animals etc.: secht cat[h]a deg do bochrudh (captured cattle), AU ii 506.20 . in cath crumh the army of worms, Aithd. D. 80.27 .

V. freq. in composition, with nouns in sense martial, warlike, military , with adjj. (in battle, as regards fighting ), and with adjj. derived from nouns. Somet. tautological ( ¤imairecc, ¤irgal), and freq. as alliterating prefix. A few permanent compds. ( ¤barr, ¤ḟeis (see cathais), ? ¤ḟer, ¤réimm ( ¤ech), etc.) are given as separate entries.

With nouns: go ro chinned . . . a cath-oirbert `valour in battle', MR 114.y . coras croith asa cathurlaind, LL 31787 (TTr.). a chatharm catha, LU 6425 (TBC). clú i ccaithbhearnaibh ` battle-gaps ', O'Hara 3400 . Conchobur caid cathbernaid, Rawl. 165b32 . caithbili Cruacan (of a king), ZCP ii 336.9 . caoga bliadan a righe nErenn do ┐ cathbuaidh do frisin re sin, BCC² 245 § 5 . Cathbuadha Conroi (name of tale), Anecd. ii 43 § 3 . Of crozier of Colm Cille: bachall C.C. . . . adberas Cathbhuaidh fria, TFrag. 230.6 . ra leiced a chathbuali . . . dó i cath na ṅGréc he was given a wide berth(?), LL 32298 ( TTr. 1486 ). sithithir slegh . . . airde cach cathbuailedh, TBC-LL¹ 5601 `compact body of troops', TBC St. Gloss. do reblaing . . . i n-a chathcharpat serda, LU 6479 (TBC). hi caithfheis ┐ hi ccathchongraim battle-gear , Hugh Roe² 264.26 . Conchobar cath-chingid, Metr. Dinds. iv 126.38 . ? cathclái gelbdai, SR 4227 . soí frit churad cathchlessu, LL 13781 . amal bid tre ermúru no tre cathcliatha gl. ut per propugnacula, Goid. 65.4 . sé cét elefinnte cona cathc[h]liathaib foraib lán d'ócaib (of howdahs), Alex. 568 . cathcliatha aidbli umaide . . . do diden a corp `cuirasses', TTebe 1434 . mac Cāirthinn in cathcobair, Corp. Gen. 9.47 . hi cathchomlond, BDD² 810 . cathchoscradh re nD. . . . for A. `destructive battle', AU i 270.13 . ro gabastár a chathcriss curad taris (of Cú Chulainn), LU 6415 (TBC). tréad an chathchraoi-se Criomhthainn, Measgra D. 54.80 `of this embattled land', Gloss. trena chathétedh, Cóir Anm. 200 . fer i cathfochrus bruit deirg, TBC-I¹ 71 `in a battle-girdle (?)', Faraday. ac sirgairm ┐ ag cathgairm a mic, TTebe 3588 . dog-nitea cliatha cathghaisccedh, Anecd. ii 25 § 6 . Nīall is Dathī co ccathgoil, ZCP viii 109.3 . cath-garrdha coraigthi do curadaib, MR 224.11 . in gach caith-ghliaidh, Leb. Gab.(i) 208.25 . A. nar' clói chathgreim ` battle-might ', Gorm. 16 . feis fōit ind ōic inda cathgreimim co matuin sleep under arms, Corm. Y 245 . meic Morna in cathgrinde, Acall. 2153 `battle-phalanx', Gloss. cathimairecc itir da ua Cernaigh battle-encounter , AU i 247.5 . a[c] cur na c.¤ asa cathlaithrechaib `positions', Ériu viii 38.23 . tri cathluain glana, Anecd. ii 61.y . cathluirech dluith drolach, CCath. 5211 . na cruadh-celmaini cliatha cathmaitti (maidid, maidm) ` battle-rout ', 4313 . mo chathmerge cenand battle-standard , LL 18597 . S. cathmīl cōemḟata, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 17 § 2 . Cathnia nepos Guaire, AU i 274.5 . cunach dernat C. a catharcuin, Caithr. CC 46 . cathrī crāides / crīcha, Corp. Gen. 2.43 . āeris trī cētu / cathrōe battlefield , 56 . lia rīg a cathrōe ┐ a ndūnad ┐ a cāin ┐ a ndliged, Corp. Gen. 92 (Rawl. 127 a 43) ; 'military obligation', The Kingship and Landscape of Tara 110 . ni fuigli co ngoí cathroí, ar ni fríth ni fuigēbthar brithem bas fíriu cathroí, 'do not undertake a duel in falsehood, for there has not been found and there will not be found a truer judge than a duel', AM 64 § 31 , GEIL 211 . rob tu mo cathsciath, rob tu mo cloidem, Ériu ii 89 § 5 . ? fri cathslait cairi comlain, SR 3258 . cathṡluaig, Acall. 5429 v.l. da cathuaithne . . . iarnaidhi, TBC-LL¹ p. 817 .

With adjj.: soighde cathalaind (leg. -aille), TTebe 3808 . in cath-amra (subst.) `the famous fighter', Metr. Dinds. ii 64.2 . lasna Collu cathchalma, Trip. 536 § 30 . lēo . . . / cathchob(b)ur fond of battle(?), Corp. Gen. 8.12 . slán do chlainn cathgloin Ceallaig of the bright battalions, ZCP viii 230 § 16 . in mír don Choin chath-labhair ` battle-boasting ', Metr. Dinds. iv 180.15 . cathlabhar .i. do labhradh a cc.¤ , O'Cl. fir na cerda cath-mire `martial', Metr. Dinds. iii 272.28 . ic Cumull chath-mór, ii 74.32 .

With adjj. derived from nouns: clanna . . . cath-airbeartacha ` warlike ', MR 118.18 . curaid caín . . . cathbúadach, LU 3913 ( SCC 42 ). fo chích curad / crēchtaig cathbūadaig, Sc.M² 15 . an cathbuadhach (as subst.), Blathm. 257 . cathchorach cruaidrī skilled(?) in battle , Corp. Gen. 9.49 . cathmiled . . . cathchoscrach victorious , LL 13469 . mac cathlínmar Cumaill `of many battalions', Fianaig. 78.11 . C. cath merggech, IT iii 82.1 .

With vb.: do shíl Chuinn, roscath-métaig `that made it great by war', Metr. Dinds. iv 208.80 .

cechtardae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cechtardae or dil.ie/8438

 

pron Acc. to GOI 311 orig. a Latinism in which cechtar de was treated as one word in order to translate uterque (the phr. cechtar de in ordinary use is somet. treated scribally as one word, see Wb. 15d9 , Ml. 101c4 , Sg. 37b17 ). Hence as io, iā as if deriv. in -de.

(a) c.¤ .i. níme ┐ talman gl. tam in caelo quam in terra . . . utraque in utroque, Ml. 106a3 . ithe inso innacechtardai gl. utraque, 122c9 (see note).

(b) With sg. noun twofold, consisting of two elements : in lésbaire cechtardaese (sic MS) .i. solluna , Ml. 121c23 . nadtechtat innairdegnúsigud cechtar de (leg. cechtarde?) `that do not possess either signification', Sg. 77a6 . a toruth cechtarda sin, Vita Br. 35 . dorinfith in n-eclais cechtardai inna fetarlaicci ┐ ind nuḟíadnaissi, Trip.² 7 . oenta . . . na heclaisi cechtarda, nemda ┐ talmanta, PH 4363 . isin cath chechtordæ, Ériu viii 177.17 . frisin sluag cechtarda-sin (of a composite army), Ann. Conn. 1256.5 .

(c) With du. and pl. c.¤ is inclusive: eter na da chath cechtarda the battalions on either side, TBC-LL¹ 5758 . do'n dá leith ceachtardha, CRR² 29 (84.5). na sluaig cechtarda .i. Greic ┐ Troiannai, LL 32780 ( TTr. 1991 ). araill dona longaibh cechtardhaibh `on each side', CCath. 1967 . na fáithe ele cechtarde both the other prophets, ZCP viii 312.32 . na cineada ceachtarda `the two nations', TTebe 1078 .

(d) As subst. ó dogéna . . . in cechtarda-sin those two things, PH 7974 . Of the Trinity: beth a n-aonta na cech-tardha cliatha .i. . . . an Athar ┐ an Maic ┐ an Spiruta Naim, RC xxviii 322 § 52 .

See cechtarnae.

céile

Cite this: eDIL s.v. céile or dil.ie/8452
Last Revised: 2013

 

n io, m. See Zimmer, KZ xxx 35 - 43 . Except somet. in legal sense (d) usually with prec. possess. or follg. gen. and tending to function as a pronoun rather than as an ordinary noun. The main meanings as noun are client and fellow , the term always implying a relationship. It is doubtful (see Zimmer) whether this was originally one of inferiority or one of equality.

(a) servant, bondsman, vassal, subject : `ceile' as ainm do gach oglách, Metr. Gl. 28 § 45 . c.¤ .i. óglach, O'Cl. húasal-athraig, cliatha fáithi, / do Chríst cíaptar céli, Fél. Ep. 14 ( ceile .i. cara, O'Dav. 438 ). á Chríst dianda chéle, 307 . imcomairc . . . do Láeg cia díambo chéli, LU 5598 . céli in báis .i. ar n-oirchindech (of the devil), PH 2046 . diamba chéle Maic Maire if thou be a vassal of Mary's Son, Ériu i 200. 3 .

(b) In phr. c.¤ Dé = eccles. Lat. servus Dei ( Thes. ii 265.5 from Ardm. 11ra ). Cf. is cele dǽ infer hisin, Ml. 30c3 . Freq. as name of member of a class of religious distinguished by special observances and practices, appar. of a stricter nature than those of others. Hence Engl. Culdee , in pl. also Keledei, Colidei . The precise connotation of the term is uncertain. See Reeves (W.), The Culdees of the British Islands, Dublin 1864 ( Trans. RIA xxiv ), Stokes, Fél. Introd. xxvii f. ; Mon. Tall. 122 - 3 , Rule of Tall. ainmne ilao ┐ in naidchi ni longe colonge celede remut no fer fa sruithiu, Reeves Culdees 145 (Life of S. Findan). lasna celiu dé, Mon. Tall. 142.26 . Óengus céle Dé, SR 8009 (see Introd. i, Fél. Introd. xxvii , Murphy Lyrics 188 and note). In follg. perh. monk, religious in general: tailcid dail dun, a cheliu de (sic leg.), Vita Br. 37 (of lepers. `O ye clients of God', Ir. Hist. Stud. i 131 ). forórcóngart for céli nDé día muintir (of Patrick), Trip.² 2325 . ní damsa a Gúaire for in céli Dé, LU 9660 . cunice aníu . . . nirom comhairmeadh-sa . . . etir celiuda Dé ┐ bhochta ┐ lobhrai, Lism. L. 1584 . a sruithe ┐ a céledha Dé friars (of a monastery), Hugh Roe² 32.25 . cind chéledh nde Cluana mic Nois, AFM ii 1040.7 . In transl. text of Indian Brahmans (see Reeves Culdees ix): nī do aittrebtaidib an betha frecnairc duinni . . . acht as celi De atancomnaic, Anecd. v 5. 18 (Alex.).

(c) Hence in nn. pr. of clerics: Céle Críst, Fél. Mar. 3 . Cele Dulaisi, AFM i 348.15 . Cele íosa, 422.6 . See Reeves Culdees 4 .

(d) Legal of the recipient of a fief (repaid in kind) from the `flaith' (lord), liege, vassal . See Críth G. p. 80 (`client', Vocab.). flaith ┐ a ceile, Laws v 480.14 . i taurchreicc c.¤ , Críth G. 252 . aire désa . . . deich céli leis, 330 . céle cháich i gcomhair a choimdhedha, Ériu xiii 20.2 ( .i. gilla, O'Dav. 387 ). tigernbhard as tigernasidhe cona dhibh célibh décc lais, 42.15 . ceili fuisidni . . . fosesedar flaith hi celi ┐ amos do, O'Curry 888 ( H 3.18, 396b ) (hence owing military service?). ní do-beir flaith dia chéliu, Ériu xvii 66 § 7 . iar n-airitin tra sét ar bes n-aircenda onaib ceilib dona flathib is ainm aigille donaib célib, Corm. 5 . céili drochluige `clients of (a lord of) bad oaths', Blathm. 256 . See doír, fáes(s)am, faísitiu, gíallnae, saer.

(e) fellow, companion (like the feudal Lat. comes, Irish Kings and High-Kings 28 ), ` opposite number', other one, neighbour (in N.T. sense): huadsom dia cheliu `from himself to his fellow', Ml. 59a15 . digail duthabairt forru amal aceliu `like their fellows', 80d4 . andugniat ar céli, Wb. 10c21 . mad cumme imned ácheli et aimned fessin, gl. alter alterius etc., 20c6 . nadecad indán doradad dó fessin acht dán ácheli gl. aliorum, 23c16 . foditiu fochide duib-si . . . gním pectho do bar célib `fellows', 25d8 . arnaérbarthar frinn anasrobrad friarceiliu `to our fellows', 33b16 . condernain hicutrummus frimcheliu that I should do as the others do, PCr. 2a2 . fer tailge a ceathra a n-athbothar a ceile `neighbour', Laws v 464.7 . co fuaratar a cele isind apdaine, Mon. Tall. 162.30 . gessa Lóch . . . amal a chéliu the others (i.e. those who had already been persuaded to fight Cú Chulaind), LU 6104 . luid . . . i ndegaid a cheli (i.e. Cú Chulainn after Lóegaire and Conall), 8828 ( FB 62 ). a chéli the other, MU² 999 (LU). a chéli . . . immuich, 977 . to-fil far céliu chucaib your adversaries, 968 . scorit a nneocho oc commor māna ┐ aba allandeas ūas dūn a chēle above the fort of the others, TBC-I¹ 630 (with fixed sg. masc. possess., see Stories fr. Táin Vocab. s.v. céile and (i) below). doneoch ro cachnutar a ceile reimib `predecessors', Laws i 24.7 Comm. ciped chia díb nomarbtha artús adigail diacheiliu, RC iii 183.8 . do badh é a ch.¤ c.¤ cleath Dor match, DDána 85.34 . amail a cceliu `like the rest', Hugh Roe² 190.2 . Rarely of things: in lomrad tar héisi a chéli a shearing for a shearing, ZCP viii 311.31 . docurethar in lia forru anair ┐ a chéli aníar ara cend another from the west, TBC-I¹ 1416 .

(f) With qual. gen.: do dhá ch.¤ cláir, DDána 91.39 expld. as `dhá chlár chosmhail', Vocab. c.¤ comairce naoimh `an attendant guardian saint', Keat. iii 1785 . ar a ch.¤ comhaoise his coeval, TSh. 2256 . ré a ch.¤ chomhloinn `opponent', TD 10.4 . ceile connmala an comtruim (panegyric of a chieftain), ZCP ii 349.31 . do nós mhná re a c.¤ cuil `her unlawful mate', TD 1.56 . fad ch.¤ cumuinn `thy lover', O'Hara 3216 . c.¤ sealga, IGT Decl. ex. 1104 .

(g) husband : amal tiagtae mná hua célib cofiru aili, Ml. 125a2 . céle más gl. maritus, Sg. 60a3 . céle ingine gl. generi, 100a6 . cen athcomarcc dia celiu without her husband's permission, Laws v 384.5 . a inchaib maic no chéli, Críth G. 484 . mac mná nad festar céle, Imr. Brain 26 . nīcon tērglansam-ni céli diar n-ingin, Fing. R. 391 . ni fhaienn cele la hingin dibh, Marco P. 102 .

(h) Rarely wife : bás a chlainne sa ch.¤ , Arch. Hib. i 98 § VIII . bai dh'imad cheiledh lais, Marco P. 156 .

(i) With more specifically pronominal force ( one , etc. . . .) the other : íroimed cách achéele per caritatem gl. suscipite uos inuicem, Wb. 6d4 . na tiubrad cách achéle gl. nolite frudare inuicem, 9d20 . ni derban cách a chele `neither hinders the other', Thes. ii 294 § 7 . co 'mmáromarba cách díb a chéli, LU 8085 ( FB 6 ). ag ár ┐ oirlech aroile ┐ a cheile, L. Chl. S. 18 . inber bud domni a cheili the deepest estuaries, CRR 25 ( LL 23010 ). nībo mōo in band oldās a chēle, TBC-I¹ 517 . With prec. prep. ascoir dochách guide dée liachéle `on behalf of the other', Wb. 7a13 . ainmne dochach fri[a] ch.¤ gl. supportantes inuicem, 27b17 . oc imchossnam techta ar thossaig cách ríana chéli, LU 8261 ( FB 20 ). do neoch díb sech a chéli, 9170 ( 90 ). ní cúis do dhul fá ch.¤ no reason to attack one another, Content. xviii 5 . noch dhlighid uile dha chéle `which they al ought to haue togeather', RSClára 134a . dealuighidh . . . ó ch.¤ = separateth, Proverbs xvi 28 . ubullchless án (= ón) méor co a chéli from one finger to the other, MU² 648 . ón chluais go ch.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 1376 . da gach cill ina cele, RC xiv 36 § 29 . 'gá cur don glún 'na chéle, CF² 540 . iiii la co ceile onwards, RC xlix 52 § 20 .

(j) In adverbial phrases. i ndáil a chéle towards each other Ériu xv 72 (78a) . i ndegaid, tar éis a ch.¤ one after the other, successively, gradually : i ndeguid a chele, Laws ii 84.2 Comm. a ndiaig a ch.¤ , Párl. na mB. 1591 . a bhfuair mé / d'easláinte d'éis a ch.¤ , Dán Dé xiii 3 . tar eis a ceile gradually , Rosa Angl. 10.3 . ar lorg a cheile in unbroken continuity (of the Faith), Luc. Fid. 5861 . le ch.¤ together, altogether, completely : le ch.¤ gur chaitheas m'aimsir, DDána 26.33 . doconncatar re céle sin `they both saw it', ZCP iv 324 ( BCC 102 ). fuairsead lé ch.¤ a g-crádh leam, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 380.7 . le ch.¤ is an chroch together with, DDána 21.16 . Cf. 99.21 . an t-anam araon / le ch.¤ is an chalann, Dán Dé ix 15 . cuirid 'na ch.¤ puts together, mends , etc.: an síodh cuirthior 'n-a ch.¤ a patched up peace, O'Hara 1279 . a chur ina ceile to put it together again (a broken sword), Grail 4045 . is amlaid cuirther cach ana chéli d'foghlachaib na h-aimsire `thus are the different divisions of time proportioned to each other', MR 108.7 . gan dá chonnsuine ar bioth do chur na ch.¤ d'ogham acht a ccurp comhfhocuil amháin that no two consonants should be assimilated to each other, IGT Introd. 3.3 . Note also: an clúmh ┐ an luaith do chor tréna ch.¤ to mix, TSh. 174 . ? suirghe do-chóidh 'n-a ch.¤ , DDána 40.25 . ó 'dchonnairc L. na catha ar ndul trí n-a ch.¤ saw the battalions become entangled, Ériu i 88 § 34 . in sluagh do dhul trid a cheile, AU iii 610.11 . as a ch.¤ asunder , TSh. 5696 .

ceilid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ceilid or dil.ie/8460
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: -cleth, cleithe, cleithi, ceilemain, ceilt, celad, cleth

v On indic. pres. 1 s. *cilu, *-ci[u]l (- cill, ACL iii 296.37 , cil, Fél.² lxi 7 ) see Bergin, Ériu xi 137 . For ā-subj., ē-fut., t-pret., pret. pass. -cleth see GOI 380 , 404 , 422 , 439 . For fut. with short vowel see Celtica xiii 23 (note to l. 189) . Part. cleithe, Vbl. of necess. cleithi, Vn. ceilemain, ceilt, celad, cleth. IGT Verbs § 34 .

Hides, conceals (ar, for from).

(a) Of objects: nudachelat gl. latentes, Ml. 54c9 . nuda-chéiltis cliatha (do.), 61a2 . nichelt [in] macc sochuide a multitude did not hide the son(?), Thes. ii 291.11 . ō Chríst nād cétla celar `who is not concealed in song', 352.1 . ro cleth cruth shapes have been obliterated (i.e. by snow in winter), LU 859 . rocleith Nia ben Lugnao indala coic lie do Corbmac, ZCP viii 103.3 (B. na f.). gid í Meadhb do célta a clú, IGT Verbs ex. 333 . créd fa cceilfinn ar mo rí[gh] / a bhfuarus uadha do mhaoín?, KMMisc. 368.9 . coro ceilti iatha . . . in talman foraib, Grail 2810 .

(b) Of facts, statements, information, etc. : dia celmis Crist do ergi o marbaib if we concealed the fact that, LB 224a16 . celid . . . diabul in fers = male . . . interpretatus est diabolus, PH 4842 . do ceileadh fios ara bh-faidhibh ann sin, ML 74.3 . docheltatar tra a muinter ar P. aní etc., Lat. Lives 56.9 . go gceilfeadh gach ní do nochtfadh seisean . . . dí that she would keep secret, Keat. ii 5276 .

(c) V. freq. in neg. does not conceal the fact that, a fact ; hence by litotes admits, allows, concedes; states, declares : ní ceilsom tra asné crist inlie, Wb. 4d16 (ref. to sicut scriptum est). nicheil cid dabíd gl. et Dauid dicit, 5b5 . nichélat indécnaide, / leir adfiadat . . . , SR 8181 . ni cheil in banḟaith Fedelm says so, LU 4585 . ní chélam as banchomarle that is obviously womanish advice, 4636 . ní chéltar orut ón I shall tell you that, TBFr. 324 . níchelam inráithe dothét foir .i. samrad, ZCP viii 175.29 . ní cheil mé ar máthair an Dúilimh `I say plainly to', Dán Dé xix 20 .

(d) Hence in chevilles: lúad nad cél I shall declare it plainly, Thes. ii 290.7 . ni-n-ceil (sic leg.), SR 7443 `es ist uns nicht verborgen', Wortk. 129 (950.y) . na ceil, LL 15393 . ni chelar, BNnÉ 314 § 8 .

(e) withholds, hoards, stints; suppresses, destroys : do ceiled athair ar a mac, LL 270a8 . ceilter in comrād-sin acu ōsin amach `thenceforth they ceased from . . .', Fianaig. 64.1 . ní chéala a chrodh will not stint, Magauran 4165 . ar a gceiltear fala whom none can hate, DDána 102.42 . cadad le ceiltear séimhiughadh an fhocuil bhíos na dhíaigh (as in bean trom etc.) is cancelled, IGT Introd. § 50 . ro ceilid uisceda an tire forro, Grail 1434 . is é an gníomh soin . . . / cheileas a shéan, TSh. 5461 `destroys', Gloss.

(f) With prepp. other than ar, for: ni celt ceis ceol de cruit Crabtene, LU 622 `concealed not music', RC xx 167 ( ACC 20 ), cf. Corp. Gen. 18.25 , Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 9 § 1 , Fing. R. 384 . nā ceil dam-sa in fírindi, BColm. 100.19 . fá cheann ní céaltair a n-iocht, Dán Dé xxvii 7 .

(g) The following are unclear: nī chēl a dōe ar Loge, Corp. Gen. 404.27 `his arm doth not fail L.', RC xvi 70 ( Dinds. 118 ). M. celas clú, LL 6384 ( MS. Mat. 480 ) = 380b33 . aro cheil cách corp an rígh `since the body of the king was hidden from all', AFM ii 898.7 . M. cheileas mná, Magauran 287 (`who entertains'? notes).

cen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cen or dil.ie/8581
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: cin, can, gen, gin, gan, chen, cen suidib, cen(a)e, cena, cenut, c(h)enae, cenuib, cenaib, c(h)ene, c(h)ena(e), ceni, cheana, cenae, cenco

later cin, can, gen, gin, gan (usual modern form). Prep. with accus., leniting. See GOI 111 , 273 , 501 . chen, Sg. 75a1 , 78b2 , 147b3 (so also chen(a)e (see below) regularly in Sg. as against c- in Wb. and Ml., see Thes. ii 154 ). With dat. cen suidib, Ml. 20d3 , and cf. cenaib with 3 pl. suff. pron. below. With accus. in class. lang.: a bheith gan bhú (: chlú), O'R. Poems 252 . In later Vn. constructions of the type: gan an bás . . . do dhol, TSh. 2703 takes noun in nom. (`takes art. + noun in the form of nom., as verbs do', TSh. Gloss.). See TD 3.15 and note. Duan. F. iii s.v. gan.

For usage of late MSS. in matter of follg. lenition see Aithd. D. s.v. gan. cuiridh `gan' séimhioghadh, gion go ttuigthear do gháoidheilg ┐ gion go habuirthear (sic) d'ogham é, IGT Introd. § 7 . In class. lang. does not prefix t to ṡ, §§ 67 , 70 . Note alliteration in: mé gan ṡeise ó ṡain a-nall, DDána 77.3 , gan ḟolta gan imreasainn, 70.16 .

With suff. pron. in O.Ir. only (apart from 3 s. cen(a)e, cena, for which see below), and rare even here with no forms occurring for 1 s. and pl. 2 s. cenut, Wb. 6b25 . 3 s. m. and n. c(h)enae. 2 pl. cenuib, Wb. 9c2 . 3 pl. cenaib, Ml. 20d4 . Later with follg. indep. pron. (in 3 pers. é, í, iat).

Orig. on this side of (see GOI 501 , Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 197 ), hence apart from, besides etc. (see I(a) and III below). The usual meaning at all stages of the language is without, deprived of, not having, -less. Freq. with follg. Vn. with which, in its verbal function, it serves as neg. particle (see II).

I

(a) apart from, besides, except : atá brithem and cenutsu gl. omnes enim stabimus ante tribunal Dei, Wb. 6b25 . atá brithem lasuidib cenuib-si gl. Deus iudicabit, 9c2 . tāthut bith[ḟ]laith . . . / cen a tír i fail do rúaim apart from, Hail Brigit 26 . cé atchetha óinchairptech / . . . / fil mór d'echaib . . . / cen suidi (-e, v.l.) nad aicci-siu besides him, Imr. Brain 39 . ni ettis nech cena domanches except in the case of, LU 3488 ( SCC 26 ). i n-atconnarc . . . / bes atcoad cena slúag in the absence of his army(?), 3323 ( SCC 11 ). cen airitin a cobsen `short of receiving his confession', Mon. Tall. 147.30 .

(b) without, not having, -less (of things, objects, persons): buith cenchlaind, Ml. 23d12 . buith cen chomaccomla, 28d6 . buid cen sétchi, Wb. 10a17 . cen intertpersin, Sg. 161a4 . ni farcbad nech cen dire la Fēne, BCrólige 56 . ro sai cen usci `returned without water', RC xxiv 198.11 . nī anab gan é fēin, Fianaig. 80.4 . bheith don Bhanbha gan bhuachail, TD 10.19 . cin cennaib, cin tsúilib, Maund. 174 .

(c) With noun as in (b) and follg. prep. indicating position, accompaniment, possession: cennech n indib són `without anyone in them', Ml. 131d7 . cenchaille fora ciunn, Wb. 11c9 . cengutai ṅetarru, Sg. 7a4 . cen chonsin re n-os , 105b5 . cenbriathra leo, 215a6 . cona rabi aithles . . . cen mac i n-inad a athar, MU² 133 . gan cheó ortha acht aghaidh each, TD 11.12 .

(d) With abstracts (incl. vnn.): cennach n-astud, Ml. 15a15 . cen fodrúbu gl. sine deflexionum moris, 22a6 . cennach n-indlach gl. sine ulla interruptione, 32a1 . centosach cenforcenn, 110d15 . cen chumsanad gl. sine intermisione, Wb. 25c23 . trechosc conacarbi cenchinta, 27c6 . cen ḟortacht indanmma aili (with subj. gen.), Sg. 30a2 . eitir codlad ┐ cen cotlatt `whether he be asleep or awake', Mon. Tall. 152.4 . dia lleictir can imcoimet `if (such women) be let go without guarding', BCrólige 37 . In sense of unimpaired by, untroubled by etc. see LU 2294 - 99 ( FA 35 ). cen nach tairmesc netir, Hib. Min. 9.279 . bás . . . cen bethaid, PH 4320 . tilid Éirinn gan ainimh, TD 10.11 . 'n-a adhbar rīg gan [fh]resabra, ML² 30 . gan í without it (umhla), RSClára 158a . gan iad, 104b . gan amhrus undoubtedly , Párl. na mB. 6 . gan mhoill immediately , 164 .

(e) With fis: cen fius scél uáibsi `without tidings from you', Wb. 25a5 . cenfius dúib, 25c4 . cen ḟis cen airḟis, Anecd. i 3.8 ( SCano 50 ). cen a fis doibsom `without their knowledge', Mon. Tall. 146.31 . gan fhios do féin unknown to himself, unwittingly , Párl. na mB. 1385 . gurab gan fhios do ionnsuidh Samson na Filistínigh unexpectedly , TSh. 767 .

(f) Freq. in verse in chevilles and quasi-adj. phrases: ind fir cen uaill, Blathm. 13 . slóig Íssu cen escur, Fél. Prol. 63 . regmi cen nach díchiul, 291 . ceithre fedha, fāth gin gheis . . . , ZCP viii 107.10 . slōg ōss a ucht cen nach socht, 108.15 .

(g) With abstr. and follg. preposition: cen fortacht nachaili oco, Ml. 53a9 . cenfochraic n dam gl. infructuosse, 91b5 . cenchol, fair, 93d1 . nā bī gan gart at gnīomh nglē, ZCP viii 109.9 . cen smacht ríg forro, LU 3441 ( SCC 21 ). ó dho bhí tuigse . . . ag an duine . . . ┐ gan í anois aige, TSh. 2909 . dia mbeth gan do righe la C. acht na nai righa . . . `if C. had no realm save . . . ', ZCP i 402.19 .

II In a variety of constructions with vnn.

(a) With Vn. with verbal force, the whole phrase having the value of an adj. or adv.: nísechmalfam ní and centadal, Ml. 25a3 . canim[ebol] lib ambuid [li]b cenprecept doib ref. to ignorantiam enim Dei quidam habent, Wb. 13c17 . it cairigthi inmaicsi et intuistidi cendethidin dissi `when they do not take care of her', 28d22 . cen tairmthecht opersin dialaili gl. intransitiuum, Sg. 189a7 . uar rombi ind fit . . . cin cumscugud, Mon. Tall. 147.14 . téora bliadna doib . . . cen teacht as, Anecd. i 11.24 ( SCano 356 ). fada an treimhse ataid re a chois / gan tocht dá dtíribh, TD 4.38 . soinend no doinend na haimsire do bidh gan techt, BCC 416.18 . fá h-ár gan áireamh it was a slaughter incalculable, ML 130.24 .

(b) With Vn. and obj. gen.: cenaéitsecht gl. non . . . audire, Ml. 21b11 . batrom foraib són centíchtain átíre fadesin they were distressed at not reaching their own land, 34d12 . cen foraithmet ananmae . . . dam gl. ut etiam uocabula eorum obliuioni tradam, 37c13 . cen a chomallad gl. sub Lege (fuerunt), 76a15 . cid atobaich cendílgud cech ancridi gl. quare non magis iniuriam accipistis? Wb. 9c20 . cena aetarcne riam gl. sine praeiudicio, 29a20 . cenacomol naich aili do gl. `ipse' quoque in tertia persona per se, Sg. 197b17 . cen imcabáil . . . cum nobis do epirt, 203a8 . cia beith cen (gin, MS) gabáil n-orbai, Críth G. 69 . cen a coisecrad `without being reconsecrated', Mon. Tall. 153.15 . ō ro-gabus gāi im láim nad-raba cen guin duini I have never failed to slay a man, Sc.M² 16 . bi gan a thabairt do not swear it (an oath), PH 7343 . gan oba gliadh, TD 26.40 .

(c) With follg. noun or pron. and prep. DO with Vn. (for case of noun in later lang. see above): foilsigthi feisin cen ainm dothórmuch fris `without the addition of a noun to it', Sg. 211a8 . ma ro látar ce[n] ní do ḟacbáil leo, Ériu xvii 66 § 4 . afuine . . . / cenachnáma dobrissiud, SR 3904 . in fer nār c[h]otail énoidchi ríam gan maithes Gall da innluccud da dúintib, ZCP viii 111.13 . ata recht ocaind .i. cen luige do thabairt, PH 2684 . can T. . . . do thegmail dó, TTebe 987 . gan é d'áireamh oramsa, TD 14.9 . Similarly, without vn.: trágh. ráth . . . , inann ┐ so sís acht gan so sís do bainindscne except that the following are not feminine, IGT Decl. § 38 . gan mé aniogh san mhín mhaighrigh since I am not(?), Studies 1921, 568 § 23 . With follg. acht in sense of except that, only , etc.: gan acht coibhche . . . do dháil di `provided he gave her a marriage-portion', Keat. ii 4642 . gan é acht i naois óiglenaib still of tender years, O'Gr. Cat. 381.13 . gan acht neart aoidheadh orra, Content. xxx 26 . do-ghéubha tú sail ad tshúil féin 's gan achd brodh a súil Pharaon only a mote, Mac Aingil 904 .

In a number of exx. in the early lang., and with increasing frequency in the later, the clause introduced by cen assumes the character of a nominal clause functioning as the subject or object of a verb, as a case governed by a preposition, and occasionally even as a genitive depending on a noun. For class. lang. see the analysis in TSh. s.v. gan.

(d) As subject of a verb: isingir lem cenchretim dúib, Wb. 4b28 . isaithiss doibsom cid anísiu .i. cenprecept dondaís anfiss their failure to preach . . . discredits them, 13b11 . cen buith i bar ṅgnáissi / is mór fodom-glúassi, Fél. Ep. 375 . ba imned la F. cen acallaim na ingine F. was anxious to speak with the girl, TBFr. 155 . fonascar fair can tudecht, LU 5943 . mad dia m-beith at cumang, a ben, ol C., in ghein fil fat bruindi gan a breith có abhárach, RC vi 175 § 55 . ba dogessib conculainn cenadall fulachta diachathim, iii 176.17 . ba col cen a choemna not to protect him, Gorm. March 15 . ata is-in recht cen mnái do gabail i fhiadnaise, PH 2794 . nár dhamhsa gan dol red chois, TD 14.32 . an cóir gan síodh d'fhagháil uadh? Aithd. D. 63.5 . is truag duind gan E. acar n-imdidin, Stair Erc. 745 .

(e) As object: fobithin adrimet som deit su armelacht cen arṅ ditin ni `not to protect us', Ml. 129d22 . madh ro achtaigh cín ar, ┐ rohairedh, Laws iv 132.25 . fonaiscid C. forrosom cen curadmir do chosnam, LU 9025 ( FB 77 ). na lécob d'Ultaib cen taidecht lim, MU² 182 . foracaib . . . can a n-uilc do dígail dóib, LU 3117 (see Duan. F. iii 8 - 9 ). cid fodera . . . cen Crist do-t furtacht-su?, PH 738 . asbert an file fris cen ní don bradan do tomailt, RC v 201.23 . gan chrích Néill fút ná fulaing, TD 6.16 . do cheannuigh Dia . . . / gan mo bheith i mbrugh Ifeirn, Dán Dé v 45 . mar do chonn-cadar cliatha na Cruithnigh gan iad féin líon cathuighthe ris that they were not strong enough to fight him, Keat. ii 1779 . orduighmid . . . gan labhairt dona Sethrachaibh `that the Sisters keepe silence', RSClára 102b .

(f) With vbs. of forgetting, preventing , etc. the prep. merely reinforces the meaning of the main verb: arnabé anfochell leu cenatlugud buide diasoirad so that they may not neglect to return thanks, Ml. 117b7 . cenasechim gl. uestigia relinquere, Sg. 30a20 . rothairmisc . . . in scel sin fa P. . . . gan sid re brathair, TTebe 2767 . a Bhē-binn, bean ar do mac / gan mhnāi trīallfas dó tochmarc, ZCP xiii 167.1 . léigfeamaoid dínn . . . gan teacht tarsa, TSh. 294 `which we shall avoid treating of', Gloss. tug i ndearmad gan maith na n-Éireannach do mhaoidheamh he has forgotten to, Keat. i 56.25 . nīr dhermait . . . in doirseóir gan in custam d'iarraidh ┐ d'fagáil `the keeper did not neglect demanding and receiving it', Fl. Earls 90.5 . Cf. Ml. 25a3 cited under (a).

(g) As case governed by prep.: tré gan rabhadh do chur dho through failing to warn him, Content. xvi 71 . fá gan fearthuinn do dheanadh, Donlevy 440.30 . déinig faire . . . chum gan tuitim a ttemptásion so as not to enter into temptation, Párl. na mB. 789 . maille ré gan é d'fhaigsin, TSh. 6387 .

(h) As gen.: d'easbaidh gan an creideamh do bheith aca because they have no faith, TSh. 4784 (where gan merely reinforces meaning of easbhaidh). The phrase introduced by gan is technically gen. also in: rún do ghlacadh gan tuitim to resolve not to fall, Donlevy 448.19 .

III With suff. pron. 3 s. m. n. c(h)ene, c(h)ena(e), ceni, cheana (usual mod. form). On O.Ir. cene, cenae see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 346 . In class. verse may be stressed or unstressed, Aithd. D. 25.19n.

(a) In more or less literal sense in addition to it, without him or it, besides, apart from this. As shown by occas. exx. of cenae referring to f. or pl. nouns the word had even in O.Ir. begun to have the force of an indep. adv. besides, in addition, moreover, anyway . In literal sense: huare is lán chiall indib chenae gl. uerba non egent casu, Sg. 140b3 . ní laimtis cena they dared not omit to do it, Sc.M² 20 , cf. ní étaim-sea chena I cannot help it (gan a dheanamh, v.l.), TBC-LL¹ 6080 . cía nocarainn cách chenae besides him, Liad. and Cuir. 24.21 . nícon bíad cenae, 24 `without him . . . it will not live', Murphy Lyrics 35.10 . ceni beth nach aili isin tig cenae acht hé a oenur, BDD² 1086 `any other save he', Gloss. ní fuil aurlabraidi . . . leo chenae besides him, MU² 986 .

(b) In more general sense: cenitormastar homéit istrom cenae ho aicniud in any case, Ml. 20a20 . bamór fechtae cenae `there were many times besides', 39a3 . legi enim Dei non est subiecta (of sapientia carnis) .i. atá dethiden fuiri cene `besides', Wb. 3d34 . barafie dúib darígente cene cenimmormus nachmór, 11d5 . apronomen asberr eiusdem ┐ cach pronomen dono chene `besides', Sg. 203b1 . os me chene am faelid `I too', Thes. ii 293.25 . at-béla chenaeo (sic), BDD² 1438 `in any case', Gloss. sáeilim nem cena I am looking forward to heaven as it is, BColm. 68.22 .

Following f. and pl. nouns: ni reccar ales dano epistle uáibsi arrofitemmar cene `without it' (ref. to epistil, f.), Wb. 15a5 . runsluinfemni didiu cene fanisin (ref. to epistolis), 15a4 . etar fileda ┐ áis ṅdénma sairse chenae `and other artists', Sg. 212a11 . atethatár eóin damsa chena other birds will be caught for me, LU 3276 ( SCC 7 ). ní lamhat eonu na fiadhmhilu cena beth for an sliab sin `nor other wild animals', ZCP i 254.6 .

(c) Hence of actions and states of being already, previously : nírecat . . . les tintuda . . . ataat iltintudai leu cene, Ml. 3a14 . tanice-side céne `He hath come already', Wb. 4d26 . adib eolaig and cene, 33c19 . ar biid iouis cene nominatiuo , Sg. 99a3 . ar ní thucad dó chena hí, LU 3168 . ag feoilgherradh in ridiri ata marbh chena, Stair Erc. 758 . cheana `alwaies' (= hitherto, Ed.), RSClára 81a . ? Cf. cheana no archeana .i. o sin amach, O'Cl.

(d) More vaguely as adv. of asseveration moreover, indeed, of a truth, then, so (see PH, TSh.): ni réid chene, Sg. 238b1 . saībse, céni, i m-bith chē, Imr. Brain 45 `moreover', Murphy Lyrics 39.13 . ní boí isin bith frisa samailte chena there was indeed nothing with which it could be compared, LU 3378 ( SCC 16 ). ceist cena . . . cid as áil dúib?, MU² 332 . ó racuala in maith cena, cid ar ná cechlaind in saith?, Airne F. 237 . cia airm itá do thigerna-su chena ale?, TBC-LL¹ 1418 . ní fitir in challech nach do fhoigdi chena tánic in giIla that it was not simply to beg the servant came, Ériu i 132.81 . leicem as ar n imram . . . acht in chonair beras ar curach sind cheana, YBL 87a44 . nocha lám chena ná cos / do géba, O'Gr. Cat. 367.17 . an chloch cheana . . . on the other hand, TSh. 64 . gidhedh chena, BCC 124.30 . With ocus at beg. of sentence: ┐ chena bid lat ┐ lad chlaind co brath in rigi, RC xxiv 200.14 . ┐ cena ni . . . , TTebe 4293 . V. freq. with prec. acht: acht chena is . . . , LU 3914 ( SCC 43 ). acht chena ro-diultais etc., PH 601 . acht cheana do ghabhadar etc., Párl. na mB. 3947 . acht atā ni cena moreover, ZCP viii 111.14 .

Cf. archena, olchena.

IV Freq. with follg. co as conjunction without that, though . . . not, in some uses replacing O.Ir. ceni. Not found in O. Ir. glosses. See Phil. Soc. Trans. 290 § 56 . cenco is perh. rather to be explained from *ceni-co, O'Rahilly, Celtica ix 113 - 34 . In class. Ir. gion etc. go (see DDána), which appar. no longer felt as containing the prep. cen (gan). Form somet. influenced by cían (céin), q.v.

(a) without that, apart from the case that, because of the fact that not (with indic. and subj.): bid messu dúib . . . céin co tísaid lim it will be the worse for you if you do not come with me, LU 8082 ( FB 6 ). ní eicsind uile cenco cumhsanaind icca aisneis ria mbrath I could not relate it all short of keeping at it till doomsday, Ériu ii 136 § 120 . gén cu taibre ar hanmuin / let a talmain nisbera short of giving it (worldly goods?) for your soul, 228.17 . cumma lem etir / cen co tīas ilLaighnib I care not at all if I go not into L., ZCP viii 110.8 . cóir, cen co beth biad ocut `right then is it that food should fail thee', PH 1312 . nír bó toil do A. sin, gen gur triall la hI. do Roimh A. was unwilling not to go with I. to Rome, BNnÉ 4.25 .

Usually though . . . not.

(b) With indic. Rare in older lang.: cenco n-acatár though they did not see (her), LU 10010 . cín co fetar cia tu though I don't know who you are, RC v 200 § 15 . achd gin gur fheith iad, DDána 3.29 . comhla gen go bī (sic leg.) rem baeis, ACL iii 236 § 9 . gion gur chomhmaoidh sin though she boasted not of it, Dán Dé ii 5 . gion go ttuigthear do gháoidheilg ┐ gion go habuirthear d'ogham é, IGT Introd. 5.1 . gin co fuil, CF² 585 . cin co híbhitt na Serrisdínig fín, Maund. 61 . gin cur chaith . . . caithfet-sa `though no one has eaten', Ériu iii 158 § 10 . génco faicidhisi é, RC xxiv 371.26 . gion go ffaicfit mo chorp . . . docífitt m'fiorta ┐ mo miorbuile, BNnÉ 267 § 235 (fut. replacing subj.?). Cf. gion go bhfaicfear (-cthear, v.l. ). Dán Dé v 35 .

(c) With subj.: acht ropom airdricse, maith lim cen co bend būan acht ōenlāa even though I should live only one day, TBC-I¹ 572 . cen cop mōr mo thuasa, Mór M. 6 . cen co pat comṡáeglaig, Airne F. 19 . cenco n-essara though you eat not, Sc.M² 3 . as a rad ata a nadmaim cin co be saying untruthfully that it is . . . , Laws iv 52.30 . cian combat lia iar n-umir though they be not more in number, Rawl. 70b22 . ra raidsebair cenco tucaind ar áis doberaind ar écin that I would take it willy-nilly, LL 7685 ( TBC-LL¹ 150 ). cia fogabad cenco fagbad whether he got it or not, 7328 . cen co dernad, CRR 18 . cinco dernadais na Masilecdha do maith . . . acht . . . if the M. did no other good than . . . , CCath. 1751 . gion go dtí riomsa . . . / Dia do dhearmad, Dán Dé xxv 9 . do rígh gion go rabhtha id mhac even wert thou not a king's son, DDána 91.15 .

Occas. with loss of negative sense: gion go mbiadh gnúis gheanamhail . . . ag fear na ceilge though the deceiver should have. . . , TSh. 8965 (see Vocab.). atá ár sáith d'íoc againn gin gurab deired dúinn féin taréis na deithbire so `though immediately upon termination of this quarrel we ourselves too made an end', Caithr. Thoirdh. 119.24 .

clíath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clíath or dil.ie/9484

 

Forms: cliatha

n ā, f. IGT Decl. § 39 (91.13) . g s. also cliatha , Cog. 156.6 .

(a) hurdle : cliath gl. creta [crates], Ir. Gl. 126 . denam cleib, denam cleithe, Laws v 474.4 . gach uair is loscadh comhraite is clía nudhnecht (sic leg.). Gach uair is loscadh anfoit is clia lathrach n-aile, iv 252.1 Comm. (cliath v.l.). cia sáer ro fích in cleith, LL 26382 . dogníthe derc . . . ┐ cliatha tairsiu. No briste in gae . . . ┐ a rind tresin cléith, RC xiii 454 § 48 . doratsat . . . cliatha caelaigh mora ós a cennaibh ┐ scratha fót tairsibh anechtair (as protection for beseigers), CCath. 1881 . laem . . . ainm don clēith bīs fon arbar oca tīrad, O'Mulc. 806 . cor eptha i cléith `putting a charm in a hurdle', MacCongl. 71.25 (prov., in a list of useless actions). Attrib. g s. i leabaidh chléithe, TSh. 2304 .

(b) Of a house or `les' (see 2 les) wattle panels of walls, doors or gates: samaisc i cléith tís, colpdach i cléith túas, Críth G. 215 - 16 . dá [n]dorus [n-]and —comla[e] ar ala n-aí, c.¤ ar alailiu, 101 . dofet cliath cleithe .i. as remtechtai lium cliath ichtair in tighi do denam ar dus anas cleitine a mullaighi, O'Curry 1874 ( 23 P 3, 21 (23)a ). ro híadad in tech . . . ┐ doratad crann ar chleith (arcleith v.l.) airi immach, Trip.² 604 . elaim-si itir clēith ┐ ursaind, MacCongl. 123.18 (cf. cliathcomla). c.¤ ná comhla ré lis, A. Ó Dálaigh lv 5 . ní bīat clīatha re rátha, ZCP xiii 9.23 . an ḟuinneog iomagallmha . . . ar a mbī cur cléthe nó gráta, RSClára 93b .

(c) woven fence, palisade, outwork : doratad immorro M. . . . dalta do Choin C. . . . ar cléith ar dorus in dúne, LL 13404 . do-rigensat . . . cliatha do scia[i]ch ┐ do draigen i mbeol ind atha fri R. cona muintir, cona rochtadar dul darsin n-ath, IT ii2 230.74 . imthus re marcach eich leith / a n-Ath Gallta itir da chleith, Leb. Cert. 20.8 . nī tucc a acchaidh re clēith / budh ferr do c[h]ongbālaidh scēith, Ériu xvii 28 § 50 . do congbail clethi ┐ do cosnum cathlaithrech `to sustain the front', MR 148.9 . airm n-a gcléith ar comhlaibh tor `swords form a fence round his castles' portals', Magauran 1705 . Of the Cross: ar chléith dhoinnbhear dia hAoine / do coinnmheadh Dia dar ndín-ne, DDána 47.2 . Fig. Máol Mórdha . . . / Pilip Óg . . . / dhá chléith le dornchlaibh docra, O'R. Poems 2799 . gurab í an fhíor-aithrighe is comhla ┐ is cliath chosnaimh ag na daoinibh, TSh. 6894 . c.¤ fri opposition to: cliath ra heclais mairg dogní, LL 19300 . a cliath fri nem (to the sinful soul), PH 8175 . With various defining genitives: is lá Hú Tegtechān bith for in clē[i]th dāla ┐ an t-escra ana lāim a bar for dispensing drink(?), BColm. 52.29 (`hurdle of assembly'). cliath fhosgaidh ar āth, O'R. Poems 664 . Toirrdhelbhach . . . baí ina cleith ḟosccaidh . . . ag gach aén `a sheltering fence', AFM vi 2106.18 . dia tartamni .xxx. d'ar ṅdegdoinib immach i ṅgiallas bid tanaite ar c.¤ gabala sund. Doregthar forn issin cathraig defence, LL 283a4 . cladh coigcriche ┐ . . . cliath ghabhála fri hUltaibh, Hugh Roe² 216.14 . sgiath didin ┐ cliath ghaeithe Ghall re Gaeidheluibh `wind-hurdle' (i.e. protection, shelter), ALC ii 310.22 . in comla catha ┐ in cliath ugra, Cog. 188.7 . cf. 56.y . cúig tríatha . . . / cliatha gaisgidh na nGaoídhiol, O'R. Poems 2716 . cliath mhínighthe na ccóig ccrīoch, 661 . ard gach oentu . . . / cain cach cliath brathar protection of a kinsman(?), Cog. 122.18 .

In phr. i ccléith x on the side of x, in alliance with x: mairg . . . ro threicc a chorpfhine . . . ar dhul hi cleith ┐ hi ccomhaontaidh a éccrad, Hugh Roe² 264.18 . N. do thocht i ccléth cloinne Domhnaill, AFM iv 896.14 . a chaoraigheacht do breith lais i ccleith Gall to the side of the English, 890.5 . M., mairtír nar thrēith: / bīodh san chnoc im chlēith go fíor, Celtica iv 163 § 236 . `i gcléith le `to be united to, allied to, associated with' s.vv. adiungo, applico, affectus, affinitas, Risdeard Pluincéad', cited Celtica iv 192 .

(d) Extended applications: dorála D. do Ch. ar in cleith oc leith na Sinna ` bridge ', SG 397.6 . tucadh amus fair im cend cleithe Atha Luain . . . cor'thoit cliath an drochaid fút[h]aib, RC xviii 167.5 (Tig.). co nderna droichet ┐ clíatha dermhára díbh ┐ rathanna romora tarsin [cuan] cétna, CCath. 1391 . stretcher, litter, bed : cen chlíatha cen tulggu, Críth G. 101 . nónbar . . . ro-bái fón cleith fora raibe tarr na muici, Sc.M² 6R . dá ḟer déc for clíathaib airgdidib imon imdai, BDD² 1107 . búi an péist . . . ana lighe for cleth iarnaide, a lan do crithribh teindtidhi fon cleth hisin, Aisl. Tond. 108 § 3 (super cratem ferream). fo cholbaib ┐ fo immdadaib ┐ fo clīathaib in rīgthige, MacCongl. 11.17 (`screens'). cliatha caolaig doriginset Laigin . . . fo cosaib caorach . . . 'ca n-adnacal co Dún nÉtair, Dinds. 28 . láindíre do oí ina lias uasa a chleith codla, Ériu xiii 27.22 . clíatha fis (apparently always made of rowan branches) beds on which druids slept in order to acquire occult knowledge: luidhset na druidh fora cliathaib fis ┐ rothoghairmset demhna, Marco P. 32 . dochúatar na draoithe ara ccliathaibh cáerthainn ┐ tuccadh . . . nua corma doibh, V. SS. Hib. cliv n. 5 . codail ar do chliathaibh fis / cuardaigh aigéan gach oiris, Content. x 2 . is eadh do-nídís cruinnchliatha caorthainn do dhéanamh ┐ seicheadha na dtarbh n-iodhbarta do leathadh orra . . . ┐ dul mar sin i muinighin a ngeasa do thoghairm na ndeamhan do bhuain scéal díobh . . . gonadh de sin do lean an sean-fhocal . . . adeir go dtéid neach ar a chliathaibh fis an tan do-ní dícheall ar scéala d'fhagháil, Keat. ii 5448 ff. harrow : cliath fuirsidh[e] (gl. eripica [rastrum]), Ir. Gl. 240 . braca, cliath, foirseadh, Eg. Gl. 70 . go niomat cliath ┐ prácadh, AFM vi 2186.20 . le clíathaibh foirsighe íaruinn, 1 Chron. xx 3 . clíath scéith framework of shield : o clíat[h]aibh sgiath secht mac Meadbha, Ériu x 85 § 88 . cúic árnaile saorus fer nimthechta ar tigradhus na ninnile .i. cliath tasgair (? trascair) do iadadh friu (some sort of hurdle for keeping cattle enclosed), O'D. 887 ( H 3.17, 637 ). Of the oars of a boat: ro cuireadar amach cliatha . . . crannrighne cruadhrámhadh, CF² 39 . Of an animal, the loin, rib-cage : mas ar son carna ata é is cnaimh ar in cleith uile (of the amount of condiment allowed with different joints), O'Curry 183 ( H 3.18, 99 ). curro bris a cleith n-asnai, TBC-LL¹ 565 n. 4 . cliat[h]a bō, Ériu x 85 § 88 . do imreadar na lanna . . . gurba cliatha tolla . . . na taíbh, CF² 801 . Of a bird's wings: glésaiss . . . a ghulbain a ccliathaib a eite, Mart. Don. 176.17 . Of the strings of a musical instrument: cid cia ro chodail . . . re cliathaib . . . ciuil, MR 110.y . ar chléith tana do thimpáin, IGT Decl. ex. 882 . Of the web of cloth: corba dluithither re cleith lenad (leined, v.l.) arna landluthud in lini sleg, TTebe 2823 (`stop- hurdle'). conarbho dluithe cliatha leinedh ar n-a dluthadh, ITS v 64.11 . ? cliath .i. umat, [ut est] ar bi[d] mer fo cuachnaidm cliath ferba .i. amail bi[d] mér fo cuachnaidm duitt iumad briathar in filed `a multitude of words', O'Dav. 397 (but `? metaph. use of clíath in sense of phalanx', Plummer MS. notes).

Freq. of the close ranks of men (and weapons) in battle, especially in phr. i ccléith, i cclíathaib in close fighting(?): ni ró ḟég F. dar a ais riam . . . ic astar no ic imthecht ┐ chléith ┐ chath (? leg. i cléith no i cath) no chomlund, TBC-LL¹ 1905 . nach hi ccath no hi ccleith / do fáccbadh é, ar sccáth a scceith, Cog. 88.22 . buaid [cacha] catha ┐ cacha cliatha , 156.6 . i n-imairic áigh nó i cléith comluinn, CCath. 627 . M. ┐ C. do marbad a cleith do O., Ann. Inisf. 1108.5 (`in a skirmish'). gur lingsed in dā chlēith . . . a cenn araile the two (opposing) ranks, ML² 1189 . d'fisrugad clethi Conaill ┐ aird-grinne Eogain `the phalanx', MR 176.3 . ro coraigheadh ider na curadaib cliatha . . . ceinngera do shleaguibh `rows', Caithr. CC 72 . díon a threabh . . . a ccliathaibh `in fighting', Rel. Celt. ii 222.31 . deacair an chéim i gcliathaibh, PBocht 3.38 . baidhbh id chomhghaire i gcléith, Aithd. D. 5.17 . i gcléith chogaidh ní dú dol / 's gan tú go habaigh aosmhar, DDána 105.23 . ? amail corra crit[h]bel / ri clīat[h]uib cāich / fir Ērenn re clīat[h]ib-sum / ō sin co tī brāth, ZCP xiii 15.1 , 2 .

In nn. loc. see Hog. Onom. s.v. and s. Áth Clíath .

Compds. With nouns. ¤bern in phr. c. chét one who makes a gap of a hundred in the enemy's ranks : in cathmilid ┐ in chliathbern chét ┐ ord essorgni, LL 8219 ( TBC-LL¹ 775 ). an dubdhortadh díl[e]ann ┐ an chliathbearna céd . . . .i. Caiseal C. airdrígh Lochlann, CF² 1001 . Also ¤bernaid id.: na da curaid ┐ na da chliathbernaid chet, TBC-LL¹ 3245 . atat daimh dilann ┐ cliathbernadha cet . . . i Cnuc na Cenn, RC xliii 40.29 . Also of the gap itself: atconnairc na clíathbernadhae mora oslaicte . . . ┐ na muir 'arna muradh `the great battle-breaches open and the ramparts rased', CCath. 3724 . ¤bernadach id.: tuarascbail . . . a cathmiled ┐ a cliathbernadach cét, TBC-LL¹ 5147 . os chliathblai Charmaind battle-field(?), BB 37b26 . cathmilid ┐ cliathcomla cathu shield (fig. of a warrior), TTr.² 1582 . cliathdhroichet do dhénamh oc Ath Luain wattle bridge, AFM ii 1132.18 . fa chliathfhroighibh do chraobh mbreac, DDána 68.38 . tiar tre chliathghaoith cláir na bhFionn ` battle-wind ', O'Hara 3081 . mairg tarla i gcliathghoil 'na cheann `ardour of a skirmish' (Gloss.), Ir. Syll. Poetry 64 § 14 . fa chliathmhadh Céin, O'Hara 2620 .

With adj. mac Piaruis chaoimh chliatharnaidh `fierce in battle' (Gloss.), Butler Poems 1351 . Éire chliathbhras, Hackett xliv 3 .

comnertmar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comnertmar or dil.ie/11556
Last Revised: 2019

 

adj (nertmar) (equally) powerful : an cur crechtach crodha c.¤ , Cog. 253.27 . Lugaid mac Ītha, in lāech crūaid calma coimneartmar, ITS xliv 28.1 = comnart co nniurt céit, LL 1524. cliatha cóimhneartmhara, ML 134.20 . mad cenn bus comnertmar comairle 'if he may be a 'head' who may be equally strong of counsel', CL 242 gl. 9 .

con-brúi

Cite this: eDIL s.v. con-brúi or dil.ie/12004
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: combrúd, combrúite

v (bruïd) pounds, smashes, destroys : isairi conna-brúi[thea] in gésci gl. fracti sunt rami, Wb. 5b29 . conap bruithea gl. idola comminuta, Ml. 36d27 (see note). conid and cota-bruiset `broke it up', Dinds. 121 ( RC xvi 73 ). scailtir ┐ combruiter na [cath]cliátha . CCath. 1886 . co combrutis a cinnu `crushed', 3598 . do chombrúigheadh cathbharra, ML 130.12 .

Vn. combrúd. Part. combrúite.

1 cúanna

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cúanna or dil.ie/13346

 

Forms: -nd-

adj -nd- io, iā (1 cúan). Orig. belonging to a pack or family, but us. in vague laudatory sense dear, precious, fine, handsome, etc.: cliatha cuanna certa (of rows of oars), CF 40 . re conairt ch.¤ croibhdirg, Acall. 1792 v.l. fa cuanna an c[h]abair `noble', Ériu xvii 18 § 5 . ceitheirn c.¤ `the fine troop of foot', TTebe 1147 . C. cuanda `the comely', ML 144.13 . is cūanna ┐ is brígach an lánamain, BColm. 36.2 . c.¤ ar n-a leadradh a lámh (of Christ) `fair', Dán Dé xxvi 21 . lenti . . . cuana coema, Cog. 160.30 . cūanda ad-cīthir / stūaga in rīgthig fa rēlltandaib, ACL iii 235.14 . trilis chuanna na cæm-dos ` lovely ', Metr. Dinds. iii 424.40 . i nDoire chuanna, Measgra D. 46.10 . ? cuanna séad (a drinking-cup), Aithd. D. 9.1 . cuanna bleidhe, bleidhe an fhir, 10 (perh. subst. ` beauty ', Ed. Notes).

Compar. as superl. tabhraidh bhar n-óidh / re marbhnaidh as c.¤ ad-chídh, Dán Dé xxvi 2 .

As subst. an ch.¤ . . . chóir (of a lady), Hackett² v 10 .

1 derc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 derc or dil.ie/15580

 

Forms: derc, Dercce

n o, n., later ā, f. Cf. derc f., IGT Decl. § 39 . hole .

(a) Of an aperture: a da laim tria d.¤ (tre deirc, Y) a sedlaig immach, BDD 2 = tria derca ṡedluch al-lenith immach, TE 4 ( IT i 119.24 ) = a di laim tria deirc a sedlai amach .i. tria brollach a leineadh, H 3.18, 528.y . bói dercc tresan comluith, RC ix 468.5 . for deirc cuislinde by the hole of a pipe, Ériu ii 134 § 113 . d.¤ a tona, O'Dav. 572 .

(b) Of a cavity, hollow: ronighed in d.¤ fas the empty eye-socket, BB 383a38 = Dinds. 64 ( RC xv 462.6 ). i nd.¤ a oxaile armpit , TBC-I¹ 1327 . ón deirc ochsaile co 'roile, Dinds. 6 ( RC xv 296.3 ). hole or pit in the ground: ben dia claite d.¤ , Cáin Ad. 2 (cf. asin pull talman, ib.). dogníthe d.¤ don chetfóit ┐ cliatha tairsiu, RC xiii 454 § 48 . gur thuit i bhfairthis nó i ndeirc dhomhain, TSh. 576 . ar ghrinneall na deirce, 579 . Of a grave: eisg ar cend do cholla resiu doberthar issa nd.¤ , LL 278b24 = resiu dorattar isin deirc, Lism. L. xii 21 . feis la marb i ndeirc, RC xv 488 § 8 . Of a well, pool, etc.: tuc Eochaid a chend . . . fon topor | corbo chroderg in d.¤ dron | d'fuil ríg, LL 157b40 ( Metr. Dinds. iii 344.83 ). D.¤ ṅdub (name of a well), LL 30a51 = D.¤ dub, Dinds. 1 § 10 ( RC xv 281 ). Of a cave: dearc .i. uagh no úaimh, O'Cl. dochum na derca a cotlad in luch dunn, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 28 § 10 . pn Freq. in place-names: D.¤ (Dercc) Corra, RC xxv 346 § 2 . D.¤ Ferna, g s. uath Dercce Ferna, LL 189c28 . i ndorus Derci Ferna, 44a21 .

draigen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. draigen or dil.ie/18563

 

Forms: draigne, droighen, droighin, draigean, Dérdroigen

n o in sg., n p. freq. draigne (orig. n. ?). droighen m., IGT Decl. § 53 . blackthorn, sloe (prunus spinosa); fruit of the sloe: droighin gl. prunus, Ir. Gl. 559 . nigra spina .i. droighean talman, ACL i 336.92 . pruna .i. airni draigin, Thes. ii 360 (Philarg.). d.¤ gl. pirus, Sg. 61b4 . droighen .i. tróg-aon .i. aon is trōgmaire do c[h]randuib ar imad a delg, Corm. Y 474 . blāithidir scotha, gairbidir d.¤ , ZCP ix 452.29 . cona matan matluirge fadbuide draigin, FB § 37 (Eg.). trí cóicait maglorg ndraigin, BDD § 60 . targad dó aball . . . ┐ droigean, MR 130.12 . d.¤ dúr | fid nach loiscenn saer, SG 245.22 . áirne dubdroigin, 102.5 . int ethar draighin `the wicker boat', 25.33 . clíatha draigin is derg-scíach, Metr. Dinds. iii 316 . craeb droighen cona hairnib, Dinds. 21 ( RC xv 319 ). i mmedón muine draigin, LL 283b39 . rocuirthea a teinidh droigin he, IT iii 190 § 17 . i tinid draigni, Laws v 472 n. (Of a fence) cír draigain fair, iv 112.15 . draigean (one of the`fogla feadha', i.e. shrubs), 146.26 . bláth droigin duibh, ZCP vi 269 § 13 . do ghlac sé droighion an nfásaigh ┐ driséoga thorns of the wilderness, Judges viii 16 . fásfuidh an crann giumhuis a náit an droighin, Isaiah lv 13 . an spéice deilgneach droighin, PCT 1026 . droigin duind `dusky blackthorn', K. and H. 19 . draigin drissi delgnacha, Ériu vii 2.16 . dreasa is droighin gut rébadh, BS 48.12 . droigni is drisi romc[h]oirb, 108.19 . ní cara damh na droidhne, KMMisc. 352 § 7 . cogur daill dar draigni, IT iii 77.23 . a ndrisi ┐ a ndraigne do beim dib, Laws i 128.8 Comm. bíd droighne . . . a slighe an anduine, Proverbs xxii 5 . atáid ar n-a múchadh mar theine na ndroighean, Psalms cxviii 12 . meas dub a draignib, YBL 118 marg. inf. bachal . . . foracbadh isna draighnibh, AU 840 .

As n.pr. m. Dub Draigen, LL 205a2 . mac Draigin, Rawl. 151b52 . Macc Ercae macc Draigin, Trip.² 1609 . meicc Draigin, Gorm. Apr. 15 . In name of a metre: mesce Draigin m̅c̅ Dorndorbiedh, IT iii 104.6 . In n.pr. f. Dér ┐ Droigen (leg. Dérdroigen) máthair dá mac Mogaruith, SG ii 467.6 . In n.loc. Inis D.¤ , Hog. Onom.

Cf. murdraigen.

elada, elatha

Cite this: eDIL s.v. elada, elatha or dil.ie/19919
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: -an, -na

n n, f. g s. -an, later also -na, IGT, Decl. § 9 .

(a) art, science, acquired craft or skill (in general sense or of a specific branch), renders Lat. ars: beanaidh ris an ealadhain leighis = artis est medicinae TSh. 8229 (cf. Lile na hEladhan Leighis = Lilium Medicinae O'Gr. Cat. 202 ). abairt .i. ab arte .i. issī abairt do-ní .i. elada, O'Mulc. 10 . O'Cl. s. abairt. foillsigther do fis cecha healadna, Auraic. 4940 . lan do ecna in gach uile eladhain eter dlighedh ┐ diaghacht, ḟisigecht ┐ ḟellsaime ┐ ealadhain Gaeidhilgi air chena every science including law, divinity, physic, philosophy and the art of Gaelic [composition] in general AU 1498 . do réir [sic leg.] ealadhan an photeceári, Exodus xxx 35 . tárras deigh-ealadhain a noble craft (viz. poetic art) Dán Dé xxv 4 . gorab sec[h]ranach ealadhan an baramail sin unscientific Ir. Astr. Tr. 70.23 . Gailian Ipocráid amhra | gérbh égcinnte a n-eladhna `boundless as was their science' O'Gr. Cat. 556.5 . aes borb eladan unskilled workmen Laws v 98.11 Comm. (here opp. to aes dána). gnimrada borba...ac na recar a les ealat[h]u, iii 174n .

Esp. of literary or poetic art, or of minstrelsy , the underlying meaning being always skill , hence the word is not synonymous with éicse: aes ciuil ┐ oirfide ┐ ealadna, IT ii2 122.6 . aos ealadhna (of poets), Studies 1924, 85 . TD 8.16 . uinivers na healadhna (i.e. the poet's study), Ir. Review 1913, 594 . buime is ḟearr don ealodhain (of one bountiful to poets and minstrels) TD 9.51 . bágh na healadhna eadruinn the bond of art (letters, music) 23.5 .

With defining gen. of a particular craft or calling: doneoch...is tualaing éladu imbertha airm, TTr.² 91 . eolus ealadhna an ghaisgidh, Studies 1919, 439 . Cf. bearradh...lais...a ccomhartha ealadhan re taighleoiriocht in token of (his) calling as a courier Todd Lect. iv 68.14 .

do-gní e.¤ studies, learns, teaches or practises a craft: ag dénum eladhan isin cathraigh sin, RC x 182 y . co ndenad se ars memorativa .i. el[adh]na na cuimni do chach, 182.7 . ní tíaghair...d'íarraidh ealathan to seek (training in poetic) art IGT, Decl. ex. 315 ( = Studies 1924, 86 ). TD 12.6 .

(b) of applied skill in any art or craft; workmanship: ro derscaigestar a tech so eter adbur ┐ elathain material and workmanship FB 1 . screpall rob fiu in bunad ┐ da screpall dorormacht ealadu ┐ frichnum air (of a metal vessel; the skill and industry of the craftsman augmented the value of the material), Laws v 18.1 Comm. Of horse-training: don fer do-righne in eladhain...don fer do-righne in frichnumh, Cóic Con. 48.2 = Laws v 214.7 Comm. Of medical or surgical treatment: da ndecha mer as a inadh tarringther é ┐ cuir le suil th'ordoige 'na inadh é ┐ dentar an eladha cedna air (viz. apply a bandage, etc., as in the case of dislocatio manus) YBL 349a41 . nach fetir do reir naduire na ndaine clocha...dfoirithin, acht do reir eladhan...fetir seandaine eigin dfoirithin, 353b10 .

In connexion with military operations: doronsat... aidhme iongnaithe d'amhainsi ealadhan ┐ inntlechta trias ro ghabhsat Carrag L.C. for mhuintir F., AFM iii 280.17 .

(c) of skill in deception, craft, cunning, wile: gabaid fen rigi...tria cheilg ┐ elathain, LB 140a42 (= Todd Lect. vi 78.7 ). PH 8090 . mellaid demun tria eladain in drém na techtait in fírDia, 1950 . na fil celg no eladu dráidechta lais, 786 . BNnÉ 43.5 . trem' inntlecht ┐ trem' ealadhnoib diaplaidhi infernal arts Fl. Earls 138.11 . Here probably: ealaidhe na bpeataoi-se manœuvres (?) Ó Bruad. iii 134.22 .

(d) an exhibition or specimen of skill, craftsmanship: do erail eladan forru a display of their skill (in dancing) PH 893 . doronsat éladna inganta performed wonderful (gymnastic) feats 897 . trí fáilti coirmthige: immed ┐ dúthracht ┐ elatho (.i. ealadha do thaisbeana[dh]), Triads 225 and p. 42 . dob imdha céol ┐ eladhna ar an mbanais sin, ZCP vi 82.33 . augtair na elathan ic tennad a tairngi the builders of the structure (of a ship) LL 219a1 = TTr. 136 . Cf. cliatha bo Raghamain ruanaid | nírb ealadhain uabair [sic leg. ?] iat, Ériu x 85 z . Of a literary composition: augtar inna healathan-sa Béid Bede is the author of this work Anecd. iii 63.25 . S. O'D. da-rini inn ealadhu-so (heading of a piece of alliterative prose), H 2.7, col. 213 . don eladuin-si na Táno, ACL iii 3.3 . ros bennach cách dib elathain aroile, Fél. 4.21 . cethardai condagar da cech elathain .i. locc ┐ aimser, etc. 2.3 . MacCongl. 3 . Ériu viii 150 . co nderna liubra ┐ eladhna lanmora do amaindse ┐ do indleacht `treatises' [cf. above, last cit. under (b)] RC xvii 417.29 . Cf. Ir. Astr. Tr. 8.12 . RC x 183.3 . is don Mac S.-si doroinneadh na healadnacha adchualabar these poems were composed L. Chl. S. § 40 . Cf. elada .i. eccloga .i. gobarc[h]omrád...ar a doirchi ┐ ar a dot[h]uigsi, is umi aderar gobarc[h]omrad...rie, Corm. Y 561 .

COMPD.: in t-eladenmaid = artifex PH 5578 ( = elad-d., see IGT, Introd. § 94 ). Cf. gusan elandenmaid, Ériu v 72.6 (n.2) , perhaps for eladandenmaid (see IGT, Introd. § 93 ). See also acunailind denmaid, Ériu v 72 n. 2 (E 3 5 p. 56b) .

forad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. forad or dil.ie/23278
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: furad, foruth, foraid, foraid, forid, foradu, foirthiu, fortha, faraidh, f., f., f., f., fureth

n o, m.; earlier perhaps n., cf. n s. furad n-aircdidi, YBL 116a19 = IT ii 178 , a s. forsa foruth , AU 822 . g s. ind foraid , LL 30a37 . See Hogan, Todd Lect. iv 138 . n p. foraid, SR 502 . ind forid (gl. phari) BCr. 33d10 . a p. foradu, LL 220b44 ( TTr. 272 ). Cf. foirthiu, Tur. 65 , fortha, O'Cl. g s. faraidh, Aithd. D. 64.34 .

(a) a mound or platform , prob. in most cases of earth, used as a seat or stand for spectators, but also as a post of outlook; it varied in size and shape, being often large enough to accommodate a number of persons, but sometimes apparently intended for only one; it may in some cases have been circular; at the great interprovincial assemblies each king had a special f. and there seems to have been a f. set apart for women. There was sometimes a f. in or close to a chief's `dún.' There was a f. at Tara, identified by Macalister with a large circular mound still existing (see Temair Breg, PRIA xxxiv C 244 - 246 ). fortha .i. foradha .i. ionaid suidhe, O'Cl. failet ann ... foraid forōrdai (of the celestial city) SR 502 . lathrach in forraid hi taeb latraige tigi Cormaic (at Tara) Dinds. 1 § 9 = l. ind foraid, LL 30a37 ; cf. Narne .i. Tema[i]r .i. do anmaim in foraid robai inti, O'Mulc. 831 . Oenach Tailten do cumusc oc foradhaib im scrin Mic C. ... condid aptha ili de a disturbance broke out among the `forads' of the O.T., AU 830 . ro hordaigit ... fir Herend for foradaib ind oenaig, LU 4217 ( SG 82 ). cf. cōrus aonaig .i. a glanad ┐ a forada do denum, H 3.18, 391 b ( O'Curry 870 ; see Laws v 474.13 , 476.18 ). baí dano forud ar leith oc na mnáib, LU 4219 . cen techt fer i forud mban, | cen mná i forud fer, Metr. Dinds. iv 150 . fiche forud ríg Temrach ... fiche forud a rígna `twenty seats', ib. 154 . foradh righ Airghiall láimh re foradh righ Erind i [d]Tailltin ┐ a n-Uisneach, Leb. Cert. 136 . Artt hua Ruairc in rigḟoraid `of the royal seat' ZCP ix 466 § 28 . a mbátár inna ingena i sudiu for forod áenaig in dūini, LU 10194 (= forad, ZCP iii 232 ). Of a post of observation or part of a rampart: dorónadh ... foradh leis for temair ┐ dingna na cathrach ... d'fordécsin ┐ do dibricud námhat tairis sechtair, TTr.² 204 (= forath, LL 399a38 ). robai ... tor ard ┐ forudh fo mur in dunaidh, Aen. 2218 (= turris ... vasto suspectu, Aeneid ix 530 ). ro línsatar múru ┐ dindgnu ┐ foradu na cathrach, LL 220b44 ( TTr. 272 ). in forud i mbíd ic comét na cathrach (of station of a watch-dog) TBC-LL¹ 1009 . Used as a repository for weapons, etc.: doratad iarum forsin forud fora mbíd do grēs ind inchind, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 4 § 3 . In follg. ex. seems used of a vallum or rampart: ba hairegda ind inis ... furad n-aircdidi impe, IT II 178z . fureth, 182.214 . furad n-aircdidi impe 'there was a silver rampart around it' Loinges mac nDuíl Dermait 56 § 23 .

(b) transf. of a fort, residence or place of meeting (common in poetry), cf. Lat. sedes: Druim C. cete na noem, forod na ḟenned, RC xx 136 . f.¤ na rig (of Tara), Metr. Dinds. i 4 . Dun mB. ... ba f.¤ find-dond, Anecd. i 13.13 . Eichtge ard | forud na Fían, LL 198b57 = adba, Metr. Dinds. iii 304 . cf. Forudh na Féine; Forud na fiann, Acall. 3339 , 3364 . a crích Comul ... a forud fíal Oengossa, Metr. Dinds. iii 134 . co forud Fótla (i.e. Ireland) 194 . Mide magen clainne Cuind | forod clainne Néill, LL 184b20 ( Arch. Hib. ii 82 ). tene di nim forsa foruth n-abbadh i nArdd Machae `the Abbot's mansion', AU 822 . f.¤ fessi ┐ fledaichthi airtir in talman (of Priam's palace) BB 443b2 Cf. a fisig ┐ a fir-eolaig ... ar foradaib fis ag denam a ndraidechta, Ériu viii 42.6 , where f.¤ is prob. used in a technical sense (cf. clíatha fis, expld. Keat. ii 5448 ff .).

(c) brow, forehead (?): co minnaib ... rigmaisecha ar foradh gacha flatha, Celt. Rev. ii 208.22 (Glenmasan MS. = for-, B IV 1 134 ).

Compds. ¤chnoc: i forudhchnoc urard bui. for lar in muighi ` a high, mounded (flat-topped ?) hill ' CCath. 2476 . caisslen ... ar foradhchnoc ard uas an gcathraigh (of Namur citadel), Fl. Earls 74.16 . ¤mag: seiss Conchobar ..., co mmathaib Ulad imme, for forodmaig ha hEmna `place of presidency' (assembly ?) LL 109a43 ( RC xiv 412 ). co forodmag na hEmna, TBC-LL¹ 897.1326 . ¤mullach: foradhmullach tṠleibe Mis, Acall. 6182 . ¤múr: ar foradhmúraib an dúnaid ` ramparts ' Celt. Rev. ii 208y . dobí sí ar foradhmúr na hEmhna gach laí ac feithim in muighe uaithe, Comp. CC 114 § 44 .

gabul

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gabul or dil.ie/25068
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: gabhal, gobhal, gabhal, ā, gabul, gobul, gabla, goible, gaible, gaibhle, (mur-)gabuil, gabail, gabail, gabul, gabhal, gabail, gabal, gabol, gobol, (muir-)gobuil, gabail, -gabla, gábla, gabla, Gabul

n o, m. and ā, f. gabhal (ā, f.), IGT Decl. § 12 ; gobhal, gabhal, ā, f., § 192 . Gender seems to vary sometimes with sense. n s. gabul, Sg. 45b20 . LU 4804 . gobul, LU 401 . g s. na gabla , LU 4800 ; 4811 ; 9193 . TBC-LL¹ 683 . goible, Laws v 360.15 . gaible, LL 193b52 . gaibhle, Tribes of Irel. 58 . in (mur-)gabuil, , Metr. Dinds. iii 194 ( LL 196a38 ). gabail, Fen. 120.18 . d s. gabail, Anecd. i 57 § 59 . RC xxvi 12 ( LL 186a56 ). TBC-LL¹ 2360 . gabul, LU 9061 ( FB 81 ). Ériu ii 194 § 9 . gabhal, RC xiv 52.19 . a s. gabail, LU 4796 . TBC-LL¹ 673 . LL 142a39 . gabal, CCath. 2960 . gabol, LL 284a16 . gobol, ib. 11 . n p. (muir-)gobuil, Ml. 45d12 . gabail, Laws iv 282.13 . a p. -gabla, LL 172b26 . gábla, Thr. Ir. Gl. 36.38 (s.v. prull). cetheora gabla , TBC-LL¹ 5645 (St). gablu, Laws iii 78.20 . g du. Mag Dá Gabul , LU 8508 ( FB 36 ).

(a) a fork: gl. furca, Sg. 45b20 . librither gabla a láma as long as pitchforks, Thr. Ir. Gl. 36.38 . Fig. of wreaths of steam, etc. scaiblín ... cona gáblaib gaile, MacCongl. 35.1 . g.¤ dluta some sort of a tool, pincers (?): gulban .i. gobul dlūta la sāiro, O'Mulc. 675.

(b) a forked branch of a tree: for cethora benna na gabla, LU 4800 = co tuc gobal ceithri mbeann fo a cinnu, Dinds. 144 . crichiditi limsa in gabul, TBC-LL¹ 781 . topacht gabail cethri ṁbend, 673 . i tóeb na gabla, LU 4808 ( TBC-I¹ 316 ). TBC-LL¹ 683.5030 . co ngabail chain ina lamaib, Anecd. i 57 § 59 . Used of a larger branch than the `cráeb,' the `gabul' being prob. a bough direct from the trunk and the `cráeb' a branch of such a branch: colpach ina ngablaib, dairt ina craeba, a `colpach'-heifer as fine for cutting their `gabla,' a `dairt'-heifer for their `cráeba,' Laws iv 146.23 . Cf. i 164.1 Comm. Of behaviour in horses that can cause injury to humans: cenn a ngabal, 'putting its head in the fork of a tree' CIH i 266.7 , EIF 153 .

(c) the fork of a gallows, a gibbet: riag no gabul (gl. patibulum), Sg. 53a20 . fer soerus di gabail `a man whom he frees from the gallows,' Laws iv 338.3 ( Críth G. 579 ). daer gabla an unfree person whom his patron has redeemed from the gallows: doer-ḟuidir .i. in daer aigenta noco n-e deirim acht daer gabla no crai, Laws v 518.18 Comm. Cf. however: in daor aicenta .i. fear gabar do ... gabail he, O'Curry 1212 ( H 3.18, 485a-b). in deoraidh .i. daer aicenta .i. [daer] gabla, Laws i 106.7 Comm. fuidir gola (.i. gablai .i. crucis), Ir. Recht, p. 65 § 7 (see also ib. pp. 25 , 76 ff., 79 ). fuidir goible (.i. gabar o gabail na croici .i. tar bragait), Laws v 360.15 . na manaig nuna ┐ gola ┐ gabla, iii 10.24 . furail gabla arda do breith ann `order high gibbets to be brought there,' Fier. 148.

(d) a (forked ?) beam, support or shaft (for diverse uses):

(1) a beam, a rafter (of a house): dolluid ... co rrabi inna sessom i mbun na gabla roboí hi ciund tened, LU 9193 ( FB 92 ). luid is tech ... co mbaí forsin irlár ┐ a lám forsin gabail, RC xxvi 12.22 (v.l. tuirid, H 3.18, 543yb ). Cf. rosforbair in gabul ... uas in tig cona torad forri, PH 1315 . gabhla ar ttighe `beams,' Canticles i 17 . gréas gach gallghabhla `the ornament of each foreign arch,' DDána 119.33 . ar bhun na gaibhle `on the rafter's end,' Tribes of Irel. 58.

(2) a support (a crook ?) for hanging a cauldron: in coire fiuchus for a gabluib, Laws i 46.26 Comm. cuit in tslóig ... ni berbther é ar oengabail, TBC-LL¹ 2360 . as iad ba gabhla dá ccoiredhaibh cáirn do chorpaibh na Lochlann, Thr. Frag. 124.1 . ra chuirset [in banb] forsin gabail i cionn na teined, SG 88. 18 , 21 . nech do chur fo ghabhail (an) choire (a mark of contumely): go gcuirfedh ... Fiond fo ghabhail an choire, Duan. F. i 4.8 . cur Cormaic mic Airt d'Fhiacha fo ghabhail coire, Content. iii 27 . Cormac fo ghabhail do chor, vi 119 . Cf. xv 50 ; xviii 107 .

(3) a pillar; with or without fulaing (g s.) a prop, an undersetting: cf. gabhalfulaing, posd[a], úaitne, más, `a base, pillar, undersetter,' Eg. Gl. 365 . co tugdais leo gabla oir ... i mbidis cu[i]g troigti fichet ┐ co scribdais a uili ... gnimrada ... intib (memorial pillars ?), IT ii2 105.8 . flesc for dib ṅgablaib lasin conair immetiagat `a rod on two forks' (a rail-fence ?), Ml. 45c9 . airdither slegh curadh cach cathgabal diobh agus rosuidigsetar cetheora gabla fo cech roth, TBC-LL¹ 5645 St. = da cathuaithne dec, 5643 . (Prob. props fixed under the wheels of portable besieging castles to act as brakes ?) Cf. cliatha iomdha do ghénamh aca, ┐ gabhla do chur fotha, ┐ tolladh an mhuir fotha, TFrag. 232.14 . Cf. in Carr B.D. [i.e. a spear] ... amlaid nobid, ┐ gobal fo bragaid `with a fork under its neck' [i.e. supporting it], Dinds. 14 . Of supports of the heavenly bodies: fúaim na ... rann ... ac tuitim ... da gablaibh fulaing, RC xxiv 382.17 . tuitfidh grian ┐ éasga dá rothaibh ┐ da ngabhlaibh go talamh, Uncat. MS. Cashel Lib. tuitim ó gabhlaibh don ghrein | go talmhuin, 24 L 5 (RIA.) 2.12 . go buain a gabhal ón ngréin, Timth. 1917.8 § 10 . 1 Kings vii 34 . Fig. upholder: Banbha ... ga chloinn | gabhla foirtille fulaing, IGT Decl. ex. 1918 . Giolla Criost ... gabhal fulaing chogaidh ┐ cosnamha Cenil Conaill, AFM ii 834.14 . Cf. ALC i 40.1 . AFM vi 2348.13 . na trí subáilche díadha ... as uaitnedha ┐ as gabla fulaing fán mbethaidh sbioradálta, Ó Héodhusa 13 . gabhla Thighe na Teamhrach, TD 9.3 . gabhla caomhChaithreach Cröoinn, 4.13 . fa gabhal de ceithre ghabhlaibh na hEagluise é (of St. Jerome), Eochairsg. 31.9 .

(4) yards (?) of a sail: corr-gabla siúil, CRR 11.4 .

(5) a weapon, a pronged spear (?): gabhal .i. sleagh, P. O'C. gabhla .i. sleagha, BB 191b sup. marg. O'Cl. la hiolar a n-éidedh n-allmharda ┐ a ngabhladh nglaisiaroinn, Hugh Roe § 31 .

(6) Of a pair of compasses : gabul ina laim ┐ da beind eisti ┐ doforni oen na n-aisill isin luaith, Ériu v 72 . hi catraig choéimchumaide fo gabulrind gábla, LB 130a56 . See also gabulrind.

(e) the fork of the body, the thighs: bá fodeirc dó folés na farrci foa gabul, LU 9061 ( FB 81 ). ecnach nem ┐ grían fo [a] gabal ara ḟot, Ériu iv 138.26 . co tuc glun ina gabal do, CCath. 2960 (Inguina ... insertis pedibus ... Luc. Phars. iv 628 ). is ech tened bís hi n-gabul (inna gabail v.l.) a marcaig a n-iffirn, Ériu ii 194 § 9 . each teneadh am gabhal, RC xiv 52.19 . caeca cubat 'na gabul, Dinds. 23 . fer na ra leic leithet da gabail bhadéin ... dit ḟerand dait, TBC-LL¹ 5997 . ech gabail ┐ sliasta, a riding-horse, Fen. 140.17 ; cf. 120.18 . coslomnocht ┐ a (sic leg.) leinte a ngobhal gc aon aca, their shirts tucked between their legs, Rel. Celt. ii 200.13 . maith a banscal roriastrat drochdoíne do gabol, ZCP xviii 92.8 ( LL 284a16 ). ib. 91.22 ( LL 284a11 ). a ndluigi in-a ṅgablaib na mna (as a mode of execution), LB 154b52 . urthach saer dobeir in ben fri uaitne, no a brisid oc a gabal, Laws i 180.12 Comm. (alternative gl. on: im sarurrach mban fri uatne, 176 ). gabul cumung na clainne, O'D. 81 ( H 3.17 c. 69 ) = Laws i 180.27 Comm.

(f) a bifurcation or angle in a glen, pass, etc.; the spit of land between two rivers (?): i ngobhal na ngleann, ZCP ii 362.38 . gabhla gruaid-fhliucha glenn, O'Gr. Cat. 459.4. In Laws some kind of enclosed land with special privileges (?): tar cro no tar gabail tire, Laws v 258.21 Comm. dar cro no gabal tire, i 98.20 Comm. Cf. geni goba acht lethgabail de `though it (the water) should pass through only half a step of it, AL iv 212.2 .

(g) a branch of a river, an arm or inlet of the sea forming a creek or river estuary (see muir, Compds.): gabhal do sruth Órt[h]anain, Anecd. ii 29.3 . coneracht g.¤ fairrge etarru, Trip. ii 486.21 (LB). gabhal mhara, Ériu iii 164 § 20 . Lism. L. 1486 . gabhal (sic leg.) mhuiridhe, Ériu iii 168 § 24 . tar gabail mara, Laws v 440.29 Comm. ised is gabhol mara ann cach bail na fetar cen luing no cen snam, iii 318.4 .

(h) Fig. a branch or ramification of a family; of a genealogical tree: fodla ┐ ilgabla mac Noe, Rawl. 72a48 . ben ... o dib gablaib, is de a athair d'Ulltaib ocus a mathair do feínib Temrach, Laws iv 18.2 gloss. ni cuirithur cuaird for gablu fine, ... on the branches of the `fine,' iii 78.20 . riasiu ranntar a lín cenn ngabal , O'D. 549 ( H 3.17, c. 437 ). ar a lin do gablaibh i fodlaither gra[d] tuathe, Críth G. 3 . RC xxxii 392.2 . sech flaith, sech eclais, sech ilgobhlai fine, ZCP xii 365.22 . aenfine iat ... ┐ ragablaighset iat ... in darna gabul ... in gabul eile, O'D. 2259 ( Rawl. B 506 21a ). roiadus gabail Chaim, I closed up (i.e. completed) the genealogy of C., LL 142a39 . gnáith-bérla na ngabal ngrinn | cétna tharla for Eirinn, SG 348.4 . a gabhla gaoil, those of her kin, A. Ó Dálaigh iii § 4 . ite fodlai fine cacha flatha; a fuidri, a ciniud, a gabail fodagniat, his branches (i.e. his dependants) who serve him (?), Laws iv 282.12 .

(i) a branch or division of a subject : atait secht ngabala a-ra-fognad brethemnacht an betha .i. a secht do gablaib, Laws v 364.1 , 3.

(j) Metr. term: gobhal imairnd deínd for ardchassbairdní (name of a metre in which there is triple alliteration, but see EIS 231 ), IT iii 103 § 198 . is gobul dí .i. recne dechubaid .i. dá son nó a tri do thinscital ó oen fid ... ┐ son o fid ecsamail ina ndiaid-sede, ACC 146 Comm.

(k) Of the angle at which a horse carries its head: da mbia an t-ech gobard ┐ gabail granna aice 'if the horse is high of muzzle, and has an ugly head-carriage (?)' Celtica ii 46 § 7 . dligid ech na gab(ala crom)a beith mi-luthmar. Dligid ech na gabala airde a beith garg mer 'the horse that carries its head bent (?) should be lacking in vigour. The horse that carries its head high (?) should be fierce and giddy' 48 § 11 .

In n.l.: Fid nGaible ... nó comad Gabal ainm na haband do taot trit or G. may be the name of the river that flows through it, Dinds. 11 . Fid ṅGabli ... is aire ainmnigther Gabal dind abaind ..., LL 159b12 (see remainder of passage, cited s.v. gablaigid). in Gabol glan, Metr. Dinds. ii 58.1 . Cf. tri Guare Gabla, TBC-LL¹ 5939 = Gaible, TBC-I¹ 3494 . Cf. rig Gaible, Metr. Dinds. iii 16.204 . Abhainn Ghabhla, the Forked River, Iar Conn. 102, n . a iath na trenḟer tigba | úaim do thriath (sic leg.) glegel Gabla, LL 5142 . reidfid Dubgilla delbda | dín mo debra mind ṅGaible, 193b52 .

Compds. ¤chless game of slinging (?): cia clessat for gabulchless 'whomsoever they may hit (?) while engaged in a game of slinging (?)' Celtica viii 148 (Mellbretha) . ¤chos fork of the leg, leg : gur amuis idir an dá ghabhailchois ... é, ITS xxiv 126.30 . ¤dub: Ingen Chonmaír ... inna gorm-daíl gobul-duib `that dark-forked terror,' Metr. Dinds. iv 26.5 . ¤fada long-shanked : Aed G., Laud 610, f. 39e . ¤fine branching `fine' : senathuir senathur is esidhe athuir na gabal-fhine, O'Curry 361 ( H 3.18, p. 201 ). ¤gicce a pronged pole (?) : (of Conaire's swineherds) tri gabulgici úasaib hi toíb fraiged, LU 7585 ( BDD 112 ). (of the Dagda) gabol gicca rothach (sic leg.; gicc aroth, MS) feidm ochtair ina diaid ... gonad dei dogaror Slicht Loirge an Dagdai, RC xii 86 § 93 . See also ¤lorg. ¤gorm: coic eich ... gabalguirm ` grey-riding ,' Fen. 368.8 . Cf. BB 275b11 ¤lorg a forked or pronged pole or shaft: gabollórg íairn (sic leg.) inna láim, LU 6825 ( BDD 38 ). RC xliii 78 § 78 . briugu, filed, ┐ fer do-airgair a bith-erchuiliud; are sruithiu di-suidib a ngobol-lorgga olldate a n-airm ` supporting-staves ,' Laws v 420.11 ; ` walking-sticks ,' 17 gloss. tri .l. gabal-lorg ina lámaib (of a `brugaid' and his retinue), Acall. 2442 . ? ¤rind: fo treith gabail-rindedh (-dech ?) a fork-pointed trident (?), O'Curry 573 ( H 3.18, 286 ; see 2 gabair, supra). ¤ṡliasait thigh : conbeicidís as a broind ... rodusmhuch fo gabalsliasaid, BB 257b33 . ¤ṡreng a plumb-line : Ni heasbhaidh don bhláith bháirrṡlim | ríaghail ghrinn nó gabhailṡreing, Ridgeway Essays , p. 6 .

rigin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. rigin or dil.ie/35287

 

adj i.

(a) in physical sense tough, hard, unyielding : fid rigin, O'Mulc. 493 . cliatha . . . crannrighne `oars with stiff shafts', CF 32 . airm righni ruadha, IT iii 87 § 98 ( Bruchst. i § 53 ). a bodhadhaibh blaith-righne smooth, tough bows , AFM v 1646.5 . biadha righne `viscous foods', Rosa Angl. 324.8 . ? boár .i. sgamach nó . . . galar righin, O'Dav. 291 (some kind of scab affecting cattle). cach conair amreidh . . . cach aenach rigin ( hard to drive on ?), H 3.18 p. 351 ( O'Curry 734 ). Of liquids: dubh righin thick ink , O'Gr. Cat. 120.17 . is omh righin na lenna viscous , Rosa Angl. 44.8 .

(b) in fig. sense slow, dilatory, prolix : niba rigin, gl. non patiemur expositionem longius evagari, Ml. 25a5 . n p f. rigne célide `stiff when paying a visit' (of women; given to prolong their visits ?), Tec. Corm. § 16.37 . dochóidh . . . go cobhsaidh ceim-righin, AFM vi 1938.8 . cubhuidh triall rīgh co righin deliberately , Irish Texts ii 58 § 8 . do na heasláintibh righne `chronic diseases', O'Gr. Cat. 239.19 .

In late poetry used of eyes in complimentary sense slow-moving, tranquil (cf. similar use of mall): i bpéarla do chlaonrosc righin, Keat. Poems 319 . Ó Bruad. i 8.7 .

Cf. rigne.

scé

Cite this: eDIL s.v. scé or dil.ie/36349
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: sciad, sceith

n k, f. perh. orig. -stem (d s uc scí pátric, Thes. ii 240.25 . fo scí (: Ugaini), Metr. Dinds. iii 236.11 . fo scí (: lind-usci), 450.3 ). Dental inflection is indicated by g p. sciad, Trip.² 851 . See also Celtica ix 163-64 . See GOI § 320 . n s. sceith, Laws iv 146.24 (cf. scech?). Orig. dissyll. in oblique cases, cf. sīoluch scīach (four sylls.), K. and H. § 21 . IGT Decl. § 97 .

A thorn bush, whitethorn : ūath .i. scē, ar imat a delg, Corm. Y 1278 . huath .i. sce, Auraic. 1178 . huath dano is o chrand rohainmnigther .i. sge, 4273 . s.¤ .i. sgeach ar a mbid deilg, O'Cl. rube sciad ┐ droigen ┐ croíb, Trip.² 851 . a mbarr sciach osin tibraid, Fél.² lxxxix 18 . isin sciaich, 30 . ba háthithir delc sciach, LU 5920 (TBC). a folt . . . imar craíbred ṅdergscíach, 6467 (TBC). ropo cumma a ḟolt ┐ cróebred sciád, TTr.² 1476 . fo bun na sciach, IT iii 97.10 . losc go derb do deoin | in fhern is in sciaig, SG 245.35 . clíatha draigin is dergscíach `red-thorn', Metr. Dinds. iii 316.2 . an s.¤ i mmullach Odhba `whitethorn', AFM i 234.4 . do sgíath dearg mar dháor chaithe | le dealg sgíach do sgaílfithi, IGT Decl. ex. 1760 . teampaill a ndiaidh in deighḟir | le sgíaigh ndelgcuirr dúinfidhir, 1761 . [a] fhál sgiach, Magauran 4342 . a mullach sgíach urairde eidhnidhe, BS 22.25 . ni coigledh . . . imthecht tri sgathaibh sgiach `through thorny thickets', Études Celt. i 85.22 . ? bentar mo cluicc si guin sccíach | ar shiol R., BNnÉ 285.17 (leg. scíath?).

In nn. loc.: co Sciaig Aird na Con (sciaid, v.l.), Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 6.20 . na Cáirech, Metr. Dinds. iii 328.57 . S.¤ Pátraic see supra.

See scech.

scuirid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. scuirid or dil.ie/36693

 

v (scor) IGT Verbs § 58 .

I Trans.

(a) unyokes (horses, etc.): scurid in gilla na eochu, LU 8533 ( FB 39 ). scurtir a n-eich, LU 8832 ( FB 62 ). scoirit a n-eochu, TBFr. 57 . ni arlacair Medb . . . ara scorthea a eich, TBC-LL¹ 409 . scuirther a graueidiu (= graige), ZCP viii 103.15 . Note also: noch scuirid a carru, Laws v 260.16 . ? ceithri heich ailius scurtair soer sealba, iv 18.23 (cf. 382.14 Comm . under (c) infra). scorit a cairptiu, LU 9038 ( FB 79 ). gur scuireadh a scafa re sleasaibh an chuain till his boat was moored, Ó Bruad. iii 174.8 .

(b) hence with ellipsis of obj. (cf. II) unyokes, encamps, comes to a halt : scorsit cen chuit fainne | for dind flatha finde `unyoked', Fél. May 17 . scorsit ┐ gabsit dúnad, LU 1650 . scuirit hi tir Chuirc for arbur, Anecd. iii 60.2 . scorais oc Grellaigh `encamped', AU i 428.17 . nī scoirtīs cen immaire | rīg nā rīgdomna aca, RC xiii 393.y . scorais a longport oc Topar G., AFM ii 588.10 . ni ro cobrastair in sruth dia n-ítaid . . . cia ro scuirset uime, BB 494a35 = no scoirset, Alex. 657 . sguirsit ann in Cruithnigh | for tuirtibh tri maighe `settled themselves', Todd Nenn. 138.3 . laoch na scor nár scuir chum scíse who never laid aside the harness of war to seek repose, Hackett xxxix 109 .

(c) releases, sets free : scurthar saor selba .i. curthar na fofir go tochus is in feronn the property of a freeman is released (?), Laws iv 382.14 Comm . (cf. iv 18.23 under (a) supra). ? colaind crochsus, | sgoirsiss for faill finna taebha, ZCP viii 198 § 16 . fuighleach [dar] fágbhadh 'n-a créachtuibh | an cíogh trom an tráth do sguir when the breast released the blood still left in its wounds, DDána 32.32 . Usually with follg. DI: com-gnim scuires in leth eile do chechtar (sic leg.) de `equal responsibility detaches the half from each of them', Laws i 178.26 Comm . noco scuireann adbar ni dfir duisci cause does not diminish the liability of an inciter, iii 158.12 Comm . in ní scoires de in fer bís ina [manchuine] what the man . . . relieves him of, 174.10 Comm . nocha sccuriobh-sa lámh diob ica sraigleadh, TBC-LL¹ p. 635 n. 6 . o rascuirsed na Tiabanda na frasa sin de `when the Thebans discontinued these showers (of missiles) from him', TTebe 4238 . nogo scuiredh a scís dé `that he might put his weariness from him' (perh. intrans. that his weariness might go from him), Ériu iii 158 § 10 . dá chluinsin . . . | sguiridh rí Uisnigh fhilidh the king of U. sends away the poets listening to him (i.e. they do not go of their own accord), L. Cl. A. B. 73.56 . tú sguirfeas cách dá gcogthaibh, TD 21.16 . ní scuirdis in t-ech dia rith cu mba scíth hi did not rest the horse, Marco P. 96 .

(d) stops, brings to an end, finishes : na scor a dhilsi `do not stay (dissolve, annul?) his ownership', O'Dav. 823 . scuirid cat[h cairde] do gres, ┐ noca scuirenn bescna, Laws iii 216.12 Comm . o rascuired sin `now that done by them', TTebe 2465 . sguir . . . t'ábhacht, DDána 67.15 . na cairrge fá mhuigh Macha, | fairrge do sguir a sgucha a sea which has curbed its restlessness (?), L. Cl. A. B. 75.138 . foireand a toigh Th. | nach sgoir doineand duibgeimrid whom bad weather does not hinder, IGT Verbs ex. 507 . do sguirfeadh sruth locha láin (of God), Dán Dé xxvii 28 . sccuir an muilenn, BNnÉ 27.1 . sguir do bhéal a sheanóir shuairc, Oss. iv 54.13 .

II Intrans. Cf. I (b) supra.

(a) ceases, desists, comes to a halt : ? scīth | scuirsit limm lāithe aui Chuinn crōlechtaib `traurig bin ich dass die Krieger . . . sich auf Blutlagern zur Ruhe begeben haben', Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 17 § 3 (scuirset, MS. See also under scithlim). scuiread cach ath 's cach indber `let every ford . . . cease to vie with it' (Inber mBúada), Metr. Dinds. iii 420.32 . sguirim fodesta, ar rosgribus chena é (scribal note), Rawl. B 512, 41b (cited Plummer MS. notes). scuirim go aimsir oile `I pass to another time' (in a chronicle), CS 14.10 . sguir desist, DDána 53.3 . sguiridh in fiabras `the fever ceases', Rosa Angl. 190.4 . ro imthidh . . . ┐ nir scuir co rainic tempall na ndee, Stair Erc. 76 . go nar sguireadar acht agá sraoighleadh, ML 132.21 . nír sguireadh . . . gá fadógh, Magauran 4008 . ni scurit do sir ag eadarguighi in aein-dia never desist from, ITS xix 38.29 . Note also: scuirid [a cliatha] catha dermára díbh `their . . . battle-hurdles give way', CCath. 1890 (cuirit, v.l.). cor trascair [C.] Mand fón corthi coro scor i mminagib so that he was broken into small fragments, LU 6721 ( TBC-I¹ 2180 ) (or trans.?). in Niall sin . . . | ra scuir in loch finn-glan faei the lake . . . opened beneath him (?), Ériu x 87 § 98 .

(b) with follg. DE: scurem din gaisced sa fodesta let us cease fighting, TBC-LL¹ 3564 . nir scuir dind fhognam `she ceased not from the service', RC xxiv 190.11 . o rascuirsedar da n-imrud, TTebe 1943 . sguiridh an sdair dhe go fóill `the story leaves him for a while', Ériu v 188.450 . nir sguirsit do'n sgainnir, Celt. Rev. iv 120.14 . andsa bliadain si róscuir Beda don croinic . . . do scribad, RC xvii 235.12 . níor sguir dá dhíbheirge dhíobh ceased not to plunder them, TD 7.40 . sguiream . . . dod theagasg, Content. ix 11 . níor sguireas . . . dom dhoighníomh, DDána 25a.13 . scuir dínn is taraigh dot tigh leave us alone, IGT Verbs ex. 231 . puirt luatha . . . | sguirim uatha dá n-áireamh I will enumerate them no further, Dánta Gr. 72.36 . an trat scuires se don tarraing sin when it ceases to exert that attraction (of the moon), Ir. Astr. Tr. 46.28 . coná ro sguirsed do'n treathan, MR 256.11 . Note also: scuir ó fheirg, Psalms xxxvii 8 .