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adart

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adart or dil.ie/314

Forms: adairt

n o, m. (? orig. n.) later also f. d s. adairt, 1 Sam. xxvi 7 . Eochairsg. 2.35 . some kind of support for the head in sleeping or reclining; pillow: a.¤ quasi ad-irt .i. adae mbais, ar is bas do-rimther codlud ┐ is ainm irt do bás . . . Aliter a.¤ .i. ad-ardd, ar is ardi oldás in imda archenae, Corm. Y 43 . adhart ┐ adhartan a bolster, a pillow , Eg. Gl. 649 . a.¤ .i. da cloich, ar ba hē bith fo cind apud ueteres , O'Mulc. 90a . a mbátar Ulaid imbi isin taig . . . Lugaid R. etir ┐ a.¤ , LU 3300 ( SCC § 10 ). sé os a.¤ fir i sirc, 3456 (ib. § 24). eter Mongán ┐ fraigid for sind a.¤ , 10977 . téit for teched . . . co mbói for adurt imdai C., 4917 (TBC). itge degmná dia hadurt, LL 344a10 . tanac mór fecht co mbínd / for cinn t'adairt oc neméle frit, 278b16 . dochum an adhuirt i nimdaidh, Ériu v 122.57 . coimitecht ┐ comét adairt guarding, O'Dav. 1153 . ní fuil clúim ria bar n-a.¤ your case is a hard one, LL 257b14 . dairt ar oen adhart i.e. for disclosing something to a bed-fellow, Laws v 134.21 Comm. ni acaltar tarais nach thar a.¤ , Ériu xii 48 § 61 . for adhart i bhfail fhir eicin, Lism. L. 1335 . fo chinn na raibhi acht cloch doghnath do adhurt, 4493 . a ghlún dob é th'adhart-sa, Dán Dé i 10 . bás (écc) fri ha.¤ lit.: death against a pillow i.e. a natural as oppd. to a violent death: ar cech mbas acht éc fri a.¤ , Lib. Hymn. i 65.72 . dochúaidh bás fri hadhart, Cóir Anm. 64 . air ise aenfer docuaid eg re h-a.¤ dib, BB 251a29 . Also : i n-adhartaibh éaga, GJ xviii 31.31 . bas adhairt a Chonaill cernaigh, BB 53a43 . In phrase cenn adairt: dlaí di chi[u]nn adairt, Críth G. 229 . Fig. Bun Loinne ┐ Loch Gile / . . . / is iad amhairc budh fhearr linn / mar cheann adhairt fam intinn, DDána 88.32 . a cheann adhairt gach eolais (of a person), 90.14 . Cf. a.¤ fo chenn naisdísen anisiu gl. perfectionem, Sg. 198a10 .

Extended uses: re ha.¤ n-úar (of the grave), LL 4195 . ri ha.¤ tend tricc mad truit / ni gabat greim grip guip gai (of a shield), 18399 ( PRIA iii 540 § 5 . ) Rest for weapons: ro coraigit . . . a claidbe for a n-adartaib, LL 12965 . intsin do chinteador a ccleaso uatha a lamhaibh a n-arad ara n-aghartoibh urdherghoighte, ZCP x 287.12 . Pebble-ridge, high water-mark(?): amal ruc . . . a chosa tarsin adhart suas for tír, Lism. L. 1948 . In phrase a.¤ olc, uilc high-water mark of evil: is adart uilc, is fír trá, / is malairt (leg. malart) cuirp ┐ anma, LL 19310 . an brath . . . colann do fāgbadh ann sin a fothraicthib fola ┐ a n-adhartuibh uilc ┐ a sruth-linntib crō, ML² 1745 . ar dtonn bháidhte, ar n-adhart olc, Dánta Gr. 28.23 . Perh. also: adarta dochraite in étraid ┐ in adaltrais, PH 4945 .

bían

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bían or dil.ie/5827

Forms: bíann, bian

n m. Also bíann. skin, hide: b.¤ .i. croiceann, O'Cl. Cass moa mbīd b.¤ (: dian) C. who was clothed in skin, Corp. Gen. 283.28 . ag n-allaid ┐ is dia biand idhe dognīt[h]er comēt imon clūim , Corm. Y 297. bíann n-erbbad impu doe-skin around them (sc. harp-bags), TBFr. 102. ro feannadh an fiadh . . . ┐ lēigis a bhian ar an bhféur, Eachtra Uill. 2740. Note also: bian `a ferrule or ring, a cap or guard ', P. O'C.

1 cáid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cáid or dil.ie/7682

Forms: cád, cáth, cath, cádu, cath, cád, caidh

adj i. Earlier cád, cáth o, ā. cath, ACC 74 ( RC xx 264 ). isnaib cridhibh cadha (: uaghlana), Blathm. 162 . cádu (compar.) (: dánu), Fél. March 20 . Cf. also cádus, cáttu.

Holy, noble, pure , etc.: cāid .i. cadeis isin grēic, sanctum isin latin .i. naob unde dicitur: cāid cech rēt mad fri canōin[e] comūaim, Corm. Y 291 . cadan .i. . . . cāid a faind .i. a clūim , 334 . colcaid .i. cail-cāid .i. coimēd cādusa ī ar is la hūaislib bīs, 341 . cath ebraice cades .i. sanctus , O'Mulc. 193 . (O'Mulc.'s derivation is accepted with reservations by Wagner, Beiträge 293 n. 8 ). cád a greco cadus .i. sanctus , H 3.18, 66a19 . caidh .i. airmitnech, Ériu ii 3.6 and gloss. caidh .i. uasal ut est caidh dia dinicfa co felmacaib .i. is uasal in dia sin, O'Dav. 573 . caid .i. uasal ut est liter la cáidh comarba, 530 . caidh .i. uasal ut est bes lia bes caidh [.i. cenn for memar]. Nó caidh .i. uasal nó ḟarbas no nemtnighi ut est caidh ni na bi fri fiadnaise forbair, 465 . cáidh .i. glán. c.¤ .i. geanmnaidh, O'Cl. caid .i. idan, Lec. Gl. 532 . Metr. Gl. 33 § 15 . caíd .i. idhan, Stowe Gl. 295 . caid .i. uasal, 299 .

Of persons: crist caid, Blathm. 3 . cresiōn cád, ZCP xii 235 § 52 (Baile in Scáil). Colum c.¤ cumachtach, LU 1168 . cenn c.¤ caillech n-Érenn (Brigit), Fél. Feb. 1 . Tigernan, tigerna caith (: nemtlāith), MacCarthy 434 § 2 . ridiri caidh canonda, Grail 3174 . ferta in chlerig caid, RC xx 42.9 . clanna caide, MR 118.17 . ba haigni c.¤ cridichair, LL 25746 . ná himderg duine mad c.¤ , SG 107.7 . tre bhais cháidh dá gcoisreagadh, DDána 20.25 . psaltair Cháoimhghin cháidh, BS 75 . mo cheathrar cáig (modernized spelling) (of children), Measgra D. 64.43 . Of places: isin phurt ch.¤ chaín (of heaven), LU 9942 . fo griandaib caidib (: blathib), SR 7363 . isin chill c.¤ (: eccóir), BNnÉ 250 § 205 . a Cleitech caidh, MacCarthy 410 § 4 . cathair caidh, Cog. 204.28 .

Various: foircedul caidh, ZCP i 64 § 85 , cf. 66 § 133 . isin chretim chaid (: máir), LL 16682 . nad fri canóin c.¤ cumtastar, 23297 . conid cád cach rét co canone comḟí, 23299 . sūil ag sīliudh dér cāid ale / ┐ bél ag ernaigthe, ZCP vii 306.25 . ol fri coindlibh ciarrtha caidh, Leb. Cert. 14.11 . da chomartha caidi choitchenda fixed, MR 114.5 . c.¤ cech n-écmais is faill cech n-aichnid, LU 3916 ( SCC 43 ). c.¤ cach ceól co cruit, LL 345d51 . Adv. ionnail go cáidh cleanly , Measgra D. 10.3 . In n.loc... i Caill Ch., LL 20180 .

compar. cádu (above). Later cáidiu: mad caidiu no mad saire no mad airmidnechu, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 62 § 31 . cia dib bud caidi no bud calmu, BB 239b47 . fearr maise an chúil is as cáidhe (: báine), Aithd. D. 43.6 . As superl. is í as cáidhe, DDána 99.37 .

As subst. rohordne in cád (: grad), Trip. ii 552.2 . bebuis in c.¤ Colmán, Fél. Feb. 18 . cach caidh every pure person, Ir. Lit. 96 § 10 .

Compds. With nouns: C. cádfer, Gorm. July 8 . C. in chadhḟis, Feb. 14 . B. . . . cáidgemm, Apr. 9 . roba calma a chádréim, July 24 . With adjj. C. cáidbind, Gorm. May 8 . a Christ cáidgil, Apr. 14 . M. in cádhṡeng, Feb. 1 .

canach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. canach or dil.ie/8122

n o See Études Celt. i 320 , RC xlvii 200 . woolly substance, down of plants, etc. : lanugo .i. c.¤ , Thes. i 1.35 . dil lasna ceathra in lem ar a blath ┐ ar c.¤ , Auraic. 5620 . lut[h] bech .i. sail sin ar a blath ┐ ar a c.¤ , 5624 . do clum ┐ do c.¤ na peisti sin .i. salamandra , Celtica ii 123.91 . Applied esp. (often defined by g s. sléibe, mónae) to several species of cotton-grass (Eriophorum) (see JRSAI xcv 104 ff. ): findithir c.¤ slébe cach finda ásas triana chend, BDD² 1164 . cluim no c.¤ móna, LB 127a5 . slemonciortor m'folt a canoch fhionn- mhonae, JRSAI xcv 105.19 . ro figdírged a canuch cetamuin do cach laech fo leith, LL 12800 ( RC xiv 416 § 30 ). cearbaid sam . . . / . . . / lethaid folt fada fraích / forbrid c.¤ fann finn, RC v 201.x (c.¤ a gloss incorporated in text, Ériu xvii 89 ). dias . . . / gilithir gēis nō c.¤ , ZCP xiii 256.21 . Of other varieties of plant: c.¤ `a general term for moss and other mountain and marsh plants but esp. applied to the Hypnum cupressiforme used for dyeing', Manners and Customs i cccci . do chuir c.¤ ┐ cneasugh a mbéal na gcneadh sphagnum moss(?), ITS xxiv 74.4 . ? slios caomh cladhach / do thaobh mar ch.¤ [gCreamhchoilleach] (of a woman), DDána 114.20 . ? Cf. connach a chuirp im chanag rind a ruisc, BDD² 1266 = connách a chuirp, LU 7732 .

1 celtair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 celtair or dil.ie/8575

Forms: -ar, -chair

n Also occas. -ar, -chair (cf. ceilid, 1 celt) concealment, covering; garment, mantle, cloak : ni bia celtur for sídib, LL 22533 `the elves would no longer be invisible', Dinds. 158 . mōrc[h]oimdi . . . / ar altaib ar neimib / ardonceltair cuirer (leg. cuired), ZCP x 346 § 2 . tucad cealtar tairsib o Dia (of drinking-horns concealed in a `ráth'), Ériu ii 186.25 . celtar cunnail co ndaeldath (a cloak), LL 26166 ( Metr. Dinds. iv 330.12 ). cealtair .i. etach núa, H 3.18, 633.23 . Appar. also in: dá chlainn a chealtair ní créacht `his face doth never cause his people pain', Ó Bruad. ii 160.11 . bile seang nár chrannda cealtair `of unwrinkled visage', 250.2 . fual i gcealtair naoimh `defilement of a consecrated fane', 22.4 .

With qualifying words: celtchair clúim , SG 345.21 . ro chress a celtar comga taris, LU 6440 ( ZCP xiii 175.6 ). c.¤ Dē do nimib / umam for na huilib, ZCP x 346 § 7 . doberur celtchair dhichlethi imon ingin, Lism. L. 2828 . an Cealtair Dicil (name of a poem), Mart. Don. 10 (cf. LB 262a27 ). ré cailligh urghránna ar a raibhe cealltair dhraoidheachta magic (disguising) cloak, Keat. ii 2338 . echrada . . . fo réim fo-crotha mórcealtar talman, BDD² 454 . atá . . . fo ch.¤ thalman (of a precious object), Airne F. 104 . ní tharla c.¤ talman / dar dūil badit n-amhrathor i.e. the grave, Fianaig. 14.17 . In comic n.pr. Celtir mac Sithgarma, Anecd. ii 55.15 .

As vn. ná bí dot chealtair ní as sia hide thyself no longer, BNnÉ 137.8 .

cerchaill

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cerchaill or dil.ie/8751

Forms: -e, cerchaill, cearchuill, cércaill

n f. g s. and n p. -e. Earlier -l. cerchaill n s. (: ngelChuind), IGT Decl. ex. 537 . cearchuill d s. (: ealchuing), ex. 876 . (Lat. cervical). IGT Decl. § 13 . pillow, bolster, cushion : cerchail . . . ab eo quod est ceruical . . . ceruus [.i.] ag n-allaid ┐ is dia biand idhe dognīt[h]er comēt imon clūim , Corm. Y 297 . cércaill gl. ceruical, Ir. Gl. 979 . diam dlaí di chi[u]nn adairt, direnar dagc.¤ , Críth G. 229 . iter cerchailli ┐ gaimniu suidi, 403 . comnaige cacha cercailli .i. c.¤ coitcenn . . . .i. do brecanaib ┐ do cerchaillib `resting on each bed', Laws v 486.19 , 488.26 Comm. immon cerchaeill ( 1 Sam. xix 13 ), SR 5976 . a n-errad . . . do brothrachaib . . . ┐ cholcthib ┐ cerchaillib, LU 8071 ( FB 4 ). c.¤ cloiche fona c[h]ionn, Anecd. iii 5.1 . comrad chindcherchailli, TBC-LL¹ 3 . corop c.¤ cach fót feránach, CRR 6 ( LL 22719 ). fri cercail croicni allta, BB 497a34 . og chirchi i cathair . . . ┐ cerchaill tairis, Ériu v 28.11 . dob i an chroch a leabaidh, ┐ an coroin sbini a cercaill, Smaointe B. Chr. 4051 . cearchoill shuain, O'Hara 3973 . mo chearchuill chodalta (fig. of a patron), DDána 70.22 . céim ar chearchaill going to bed(?), Measgra D. 52.20 . Leath Chuinn na (leg. 'na) cearchuill sgoile `a school-couch', Content. xxiii 17 . cearchall, cluaschan, pileir, a pillow, Eg. Gl. 199 .

cloïd

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cloïd or dil.ie/9576

Forms: clód

v (somet. also clu-, and with diphthong cloí(d)-, claí(d)-). IGT Verbs § 42 (clói-, clái-, claí-). Cf. Mod. Ir. cloíonn le, sticks to , (Greene, Ériu xxi 29 ).

I Trans.

(a) turns, turns back, repels : conid cloitis asind noibi i mbí `so that they might drive him', Ml. 112b20 . mac Failléin . . . / ní chlóifither for cúlu, SG 388.3 . ni claefidis é uada they could not turn him (part him) from it, TTebe 3446 .

(b) Of weapons turns the edge, blunts : ní for brágtib dam na bó / clóthir colg mo ruanado, LU 9672 . ? immo tarlaicthe cranna imma cloiset gai, LL 13474 . rocloait a cloidme re cailcib na cromsciath, Ériu viii 44.16 . ro chlaiset laighni . . . a taebaib trenmiled, Aen. 2825 . ? gora chloesetar a n-ilchlessarda ra tilib . . . na scíath cliss, LL 10537 ( TBC-LL¹ 3561 ).

(c) overthrows, vanquishes, conquers, destroys : is airi ro cload it has been destroyed, Wb. 3b1 . nob cloifether gl. uincemini, Ml. 67a11 . ro clois-siu gl. uicisti, 43d18 . ro chlói gl. uincente, 37a5 . clóither gl. uinci, 30c1 . cloithir gl. (eadem ruina . . . ) inuoluitur, 16b3 . i ndithrub pardais ro cloi-som Adam i ndíthrub in domuin ra cloi-som Críst, Tur. 18 . ro clui aicme ilclannaigh, O'Dav. 350 . cluidsius borb beolu bennacht `he subdued to benediction the mouths of the fierce ones', ACC 119 ( LU 1125 ). for Conchobar clúais, RC xxix 212 § 17 . con ro cloe demhon, Blathm. 172 . doel oca diul. Medithir orcni cor chlai a letaeb uile `destroyed', Fél.² xxxiv 38 . ma clāid airigu[d] `siegt (durchdringt)', ZCP xiv 348.14 (of testing samples of malt). macne Chathaīr ro cloīset mo brugas búar, Fing. R. 489 . dī cīch mnā no chlōitis leis (of Bricriu), Corp. Gen. 284.15 . ruiri Macha . . . / clōas crīcha Cathriach, 9.1 . is búaid mór do Góedelaib / co clothar in slúag, LU 9473 . nói cluid nís clúi garbdrend `could not demolish', Metr. Dinds. i 30.37 . nirb obair liúin rodusclái `that broke them (of dogs)', Metr. Dinds. iii 122.42 . ro clofinnsi Cesair gan ar gan airlech, CCath. 4581 . denaid frithaire . . . naro cloa diabul sib, PH 3052 . romclaeietar mo dubailce, D IV 2, 67b5 . dot bhais tsheing nār cládh ó chion, ZCP ii 352.26 . triar nach claoidhfidhear choidhche (of the Trinity), DDána 60.14 . sé gnéithe fiabhrusa . . . lé gclaoidhtear an cholann, TSh. 7890 . mairtír nár chló a coing, Celtica iv 125 § 28 . cloch . . . cloech a bērla n-airberta ar inní chlōes cach raod, Corm. Y 213 .

(d) With cath, cathu: cía ro chathu cloí, Trip.² 2530 . Hail Brigit 21 . erred fir cluas catha, LU 9681 . cluim cathu, LL 13864 (rhet.). clōiet na catha co crūaid, Ériu vi 122 § 11 ( Rawl. 83b24 ).

(e) Of the effect of grief: ro claided o galar na cumadh iat, Laud 610, f. 24b (Plummer MS. notes). rodonclái gol ┐ mairg, Metr. Dinds. iii 124.64 . adhbal ecc ecc dom ruacht, / cruaidh romcluidh, Leb. Gab.(i) 260.x (glossed: do thochail no do claoi mo croidi).

(f) With dath, cruth, gnóe changes (for the worse): ro chlai dath, / amal mnai beth ic lamnad, SR 3027 . ra ṅgab guba, ro chlói cruth, 6087 . Conaire caem cruth nár chlaei, SG 151.8 . do-clos tre diumus mo gnaoi `durch Übermut habe ich meine Schönheit verwandelt', ZCP x 416.4 . na hardphuirt-se ór clódh a gcruth, DDána 68.14 .

(g) With cíall, intliucht, etc. perverts, leads astray : nís derban día ṅdáil ind reb sin ┐ ní cluí a n-indtlicht oca ndáil, BDD² 1155 . .uiii. ṁbliadna buí i rrigi . . . cialla ros claí rectaid rán, LL 16618 . coro chluí a brétho a blaid / in t-Eocho, 15763 . nír chlódh mo chiall, Anecd. i 29 § 36 . is í menmai Deicc . . . ro cload ann, PH 1047 . roclaeit cetfada curad a[c] comthoitim, TTebe 2827 .

(h) Of desires, vices subdues, conquers: slan don miandaigh in ní claides a mian `what subdues her yearning', Laws iii 204.9 Comm. an tí chlaoieas a fhearg féin, Desid. 1491 . teagaisgidh mar chlaoieas sí saint na sul, 1195 . an tsubháilce ré gclaoitear an drúis, Donlevy 164.23 .

II

(a) Intrans. turns, returns, turns back : créd ima clofad óa anmianaibh why should he turn from his evil desires? Aisl. Tond. 103.1 . do closed da tigib, Ann. Conn. 1256.8 . ná cló dá hibhe `turn not to drink it', Magauran 2422 . do indtódar ón imresain ┐ do clóadar ón cath, Caithr. Thoirdh. 91.36 . níor chló an bhean do bhí dot iarraidh / gur bhean sí do dhiamhair dhíd (to the Cross discovered by Helena), Dán Dé iii 25 . [do] dhruim cheilge nocha chló, Aithd. D. 8.43 . gu ro clodhsat forculai cusin loingis doridhisi, Marco P. 149 . ra chlóiset cuir caratraid, LL 10521 (rhet.).

? is hed as dilem limm ciacloid gl. ne quis uos seducat, Wb. 26a2 (leg., with Sarauw, ciatloid, edd.) `that ye overcome', Plummer MS. notes. rinnib ris cloífet cnámreda, LU 10365 (rhet.). Bith mac Noe na n-ildrem / cid ro choíl re cladband, LL 521 . cúic claidmi nár chlaí fri cnáim, Leb. Cert.² 863 (? leg. claíset).

Vn. clód.

clúim

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clúim or dil.ie/9662

x see clúm.

clúm, clúim

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clúm, clúim or dil.ie/9680
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: ā, clúmh, clūim, clúime, cluma, cluim, cluim, clúm, cluma, clúmh, clúimh, clúimhe, clúmh, chlúimh, chlúimhe, chlúmha

n (Lat. plūma) Orig. ā, f. O. and Mid. Ir. forms: n s. clúmh, Ériu xiii 40.12 . clūim , Corm. Y 342. 1018 . g s. clúime, Fél. Prol. 126 . inna cluma , RC x 76.11 . a s. or d s. cluim , Anecd. i 6.9 ( SCano 165 ). cluim , LU 1853 . clúm, SG 111.22 . PH 7400 . n p. cluma, LU 10478 . clúmh f., IGT Decl. § 39 . clúimh m. and f. (g s. clúimhe), § 45 . clúmh m. (g s. an chlúimh , an chlúimhe , an chlúmha ), § 46 .

(a) feathers; plumage, down : a múr chlúime `out of abundance of down', Fél. Prol. 126 . biadh ┐ ēdach lōghmar, clūim ┐ coilced, Corm. Y 1018 . īar comso clūm ┐ cēol, ZCP x 45.15 . co ráemid an cholcid . . . co mbatar a cluma for folúamain immon tech, LU 10478 . cur bo brec faithci an longphuirt dia cclúmaibh, TBC-LL¹ 2237 . ba lan a chorp . . . do clumuibh gleghealaibh amal cholum, Lat. Lives 108.y . pill cuilcthe clúimhe, SG 364.36 . áile suidhe n-árd n-esartha i mbí clúmh chubhaidh cosartha, Ériu xiii 40.12 . dogensatar ind eoin . . . sliachtad inna cluma cona nguilbnib, RC x 76.11 . in coilech ar mbeim a chind ┐ a choss ┐ a ch.¤ . . . de, LB 222b40 . cosmhuil do chúl . . . / re cluimh no re casnaidhe, BS 18.18 . feis oidhche gan chluimh a ccoill `without covering' (a feather-bed(?)), 120.25 . coimhgheal le clúimh eala, DDána 49.10 . dúil a leaba chlúimh ní chuir, Ir. Review 1912, 472 § 9 . go ccerchaill chlúimhe fóna ccennuibh, RSClára 112b .

(b) Of the hair or fur of animals: clūim .i. caol-sēim .i. ceilid (sic leg.) in srōin ima mbī, Corm. Y 342 . leth feola ┐ clúmh uili, . . . cethraime feola ┐ leth cluimhe, O'D. 937 (H. 3.17, 659a). daimh gheala gu cluim foda, Marco P. 10 . clúmh buabhuill, 162 . gné chlúimhe na gcaorach, Ir. Syll. Poetry 63 § 5 .

(c) Of human hair, eyebrows; fer co caschluimh (sic leg.), CCath. 7 . 'ma súil gcuirr-se do cumadh / a coimse do chlúimh mhalldubh, DDána 99.30 .

(d) Of the pile of cloth: a dhuine, ná déana ceasacht | ar chlúimh th'éadaigh, ar a dhlús 'o man, do not complain of the nap of your clothes or their thickness', Giolla Brighde 240 § 21 . clúmh an bhrait, PBocht 20.27 .

(e) vegetation, herbage, foliage : glas clūm (cluim, v.l.) caille clithaige, Ériu vii 4 § 4 ( LL 13662 ). go tteilc gach dos dlaoi da clúimh, ZCP viii 222 § 8 . at c.¤ claisse co clothblad (to Emain Macha), LL 2566 . an úir ar n-osgladh dá hioth / ag brosdadh ar chlúimh na gcleath, DDána 106.22 . nocha bhí clúmh trés an gcreig / nach creid a Rí . . . dhuid, Dán Dé xxix 26 ( IGT Decl. ex. 1121 ). níor léig graifne greagh síthe, / . . . / clúimh ar fhionnmhaoilinn t'fhaithche `grass', Studies 1922, 410 § 5 . earradh clúimh tiomchal gach tuir, TD 1.5 .

? a hairdarcus, a clūim, a carpat (of the central province of Ireland), Ériu iv 163.25 .

Compds. With noun. ar gcor cuairte an chlúmhaile, DDána 109.5 (`the mossy stone(?)', Ir. Monthly 1920, 482 § 5 ). do chalb rop colt clúmelta `feathered flocks', RC xx 404 § 122 (ACC Comm., B. na f.). Hence: cluimhealta .i. badhbh no feannóg, O'Cl. clúimhearla (see airla) coillteadh, O'Hara 3050 . Fig. a bhláth clúimhfheadha cheiníl of the leafy wood (to a lady), DDána 74.67 . folt clúmhraon gcam, 114.21 (`downy', Ir. Monthly 1920, 165 ).

With adj. go ceann-tirim, clúmh-álainn, Atlantis iv 134.19 . ar brat corcra clúmhchruinn with level pile(?), Magauran 1247 (`shaggy(?)'). croicenn clumdub ceatnaiti, MR 186.7 . dfheólaibh . . . ccethnatmolt ccluimhéttrocht `white-fleeced', Hugh Roe² 284.15 . co ceann-trom clúimh-fhliuch, Atlantis iv 134.12 . ag breith . . . a ccethnat cclumhfhoto chuca, Hugh Roe² 34.11 . do chethnattaibh cluimgheala, 122.24 . leaca mar ṡídhealaidh . . . gclúimhiodhain, Aithd. D. 72.8 . atá fá áonbhárr uaine / t'féighe corcra clúmhnuaidhe with fresh herbage (to Ireland), 23 G 24, 272.6 . ug circe clumruaidhe, MR 28.z . taisteal h'uilleadh gclúimhthiogh gcorr thickly clothed with vegetation (of Ireland), Measgra D. 50.35 . cofacca . . . in deilb ndochruid / coscháil cennléith clúmchochlaig `bushy-browed', Ériu iv 102 § 44 . ¤dérai(g)the see 1 dérgud.

? clúmóc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? clúmóc or dil.ie/50110
Last Revised: 2019

n [ā, f.] (clúm, clúim ) tuft of hair or fur (?): clumog (crumóg, v.l.) na ciabh, Irish Texts i 30 § 46 .

? do-ecrathar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? do-ecrathar or dil.ie/17527

Forms: rothectustar, dondecmai

v depon. covers, protects: nī rotecrustair clūim (leg. clūm?) acht lumair (of a nestling), Corm. Y 511 = rothectustar, LB. Cf. perh. bid émid a cobair, | in cech úair donn-ecrae `at every hour may it shelter us', Fél. Dec. 29 , where, however, we should prob. read dondecmai (see do-ecmaing) with v.l. See also imm-tecrathar, técar.

1 dul

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dul or dil.ie/19189
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: daul, doul, dol, dula, dola, dol, dula, dola, dula, dola, dulta, dolta, dul, dol, dula, dola

vn. of 1 téit. daul, Mon. Tall. 136.2 , 146.17 . doul, TFerbe 14 Eg. ( IT iii 549 ). dol (freq.). g s. dula, Wb. 5b29 . dola, Keat. iii 1966 . dol (ar omun d.¤ ), ACL iii 233.4 (nom. for gen.). In later lang. also dula, dola: a s. dula, SR 1395 , 2393 , 6088 ( dúla, 3505 ); TBC-I¹ 1487 , 2416 , 2425 , 2474 ; TBC-LL¹ 4127 ; PH 446 , 2527 , etc.; dola, LL 7317 ; Ériu ii 178.25 . g s. dulta, TSh. 6975 ; Eochairsg. 4.32 . dolta, TSh. 866 . dul dol m., IGT Decl. § 95 . dula dola m., § 2 . Verbs § 8 .

Going, to go , of motion in general; in O.Ir. used beside 1 techt as vn. of 1 téit; in later lang. replaces 1 techt, which gradually comes to mean coming (cf. SR 6119 : im dul r[e]ut . . . no thecht ar cúl dorise).

I In O.Ir. with obj. gen., representing trans. use of 1 téit: do dul martre to go to martyrdom, Wb. 4b21 . Cf. 26d8 . do dul báis, 16a3 . Cf. also: gan bas do dul, Lec. 346b31 . ré fer ná ré mnái dá dhul | ní gabtar int aracul against man or woman that seeks to enter it the retreat is never closed, SG 245 .

II Later always intrans. with subj. gen. or more oft. with DO of agent.

(a) In lit. sense: rop ḟerr léo dola lé andas airisem, LL 221b32 ( TTr. 334 ). tri d.¤ isna lucu arda going into high places, Ml. 23d23 . d.¤ for sét, Hy. i Pref . ( Thes. ii 299 ). d.¤ for insib mara, ib. d.¤ dar muir, Hy. ii 8 Comm. ( Thes. ii 310 ). d.¤ ar astar to go on a journey, BS 106 . ar ndol tar sáile, 30 . oc dula do chath, Ériu ii 130 . im dula isin comruc, TBC-I¹ 2146 . d.¤ i céin, SR 6186 . d.¤ i nEgept, 3796 . ba ferr lim dola i n-a dail | indas a ndail mná baithe I had rather go to meet it, IT iii 16 . ic d.¤ ar a ech mounting his horse (riding ?), Cog. 144 . d.¤ for ar múraibh to scale our ramparts, CCath. 1678 . With subj. gen.: far nd.¤ co nem, SR 1095 (= d.¤ dúib for neam, MacCarthy 48 ). ba n-espa do chach d.¤ int slógaid the setting out of the foray, TBC-I¹ 164 (on the foray ?). atbert G. a ndola na teachta ar cenn milead that the ambassadors should go for soldiers, Todd Nenn. 84 . dislocatio .i. d.¤ baild as a ionadh, 3 C 19, 46rb25 . ar nd.¤ gilla ar chúiltib clúim , IGT Decl. ex. 688 .

(b) With extension of meaning act of proceeding, setting about (doing something), entering (on a state), and in various fig. senses: d.¤ dochumm na bethad suthaine, PH 7296 . d.¤ i mbás, 402 ; Laws v 296.16 . d.¤ for cel to die, SR 2095 . do daul do ēcaib, Mon. Tall. 146 . ic dol fria bás, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 10 n. Isu Crist . . . do dh.¤ for recht n-imdibe, PH 5641 . in fer leginn do d.¤ a n-espucoidecht, Laws i 58 Comm. d.¤ isan Eagluis to enter the Church (take orders), Donlevy 336 . senoir aesta ac d.¤ i n-aibid oifrinn donning , Grail 3395 . d.¤ a ndealbaib con, RC xxiv 174 . go d.¤ don fíon fa berbadh till the wine begins to boil, 24 P 32, 177.15 . bágaim mo d.¤ dia labrad I proclaim that I am going to speak of them, Metr. Dinds. iii 330 . Of things: crich do d.¤ for in forbann rechtaide, PH 3450 . go feadh an dísle do dh.¤ till the time of the dice going, i.e. till the game begins (?), KMMisc. 246 . In impers. constr.: na mnā bīos torrach ag dol chum an earraigh when spring is drawing on, 23 K 42, 31.17 . In Laws act of going as pledge, forfeit, etc.: d.¤ risin ní ro cotaimsiged to go security for the thing which was fixed, iv 34 Comm. (cf. dul fri cath to go security for battle, Triads 235 ). gach cin dogni duine . . . is a dh.¤ féin inn mana bé éiric oca he himself goes for it (i.e. becomes forfeit?), Laws iv 250 Comm. is a nd.¤ a fiachuibh in fechemun (the animals) shall go to liquidate the debt, ii 4.7 Comm. , cf. 9 . in mór do d.¤ ar in mbec that the much should go (to pay) for the little, SG 401 . d.¤ ar ríg to go security for a king, Triads 235 .

(c) In combination with prepp. or advbs. in a variety of idioms: With AR: ar ndol aige ar a dtreabhaibh | do roinn Brian ar Gaoidhealaibh when he got hold of their dwellings, Content. v 74 . With abstr. noun: d.¤ ar neifní vanishing , O'Gr. Cat. 254 . ic dola ar dible ┐ ar dásacht, MR 200 .

With AS going out, exit: ma d.¤ asin (sic leg.) drochcolaind, ACL iii 240 § 38 . go maireann drithle gan d.¤ as without being extinguished, O'Gr. Cat. 473 . Escaping: Niall do d.¤ ass a niort a gaisccidh, AFM iii 452 . gur fíu sibh d.¤ as ó na neithibh-si uile atá chum teachda, Luke xxi 36 . Dying: nochar gabh céile mur Cathal | Eire ar ndol a athar as, KMMisc. 170 . See (d) below.

With CO cohabiting: d.¤ co fer, Lism. L. 1338 ; O'Dav. 746 . in daer, masa bean saer fuil aice, ata eneclann do a n[d]ul cuici is entitled to honour-price for another's cohabiting with her, Laws v 514 Comm. Bennán . . . romarb Ibel mac M. i nd.¤ co a mnai, SG ii 480 .

With DE: ced an chuirp . . . fuair an t-eslan gan dol de | ó coimhthional na cille the sick man got permission (to touch the saint's) body without any reservation (revoke?), BNnÉ 277 . Diocletian . . . is Maximen . . . cia rostairned ria nd.¤ de though they were abased ere they went hence (i.e. died?), Lec. 47b49 . ag sin do chruth ar ndol díot you have lost your beauty, Dánta Gr. 11.12 .

With DO: buiden do bochtaibh | ag dol do ghorta gan biadh, BNnÉ 149 . gé atú ar ndol do ghorta overcome with hunger, Duan. F. i 86 (in these exx. possibly do = de, with dul = to die, perish , see below). mo náire a dhol dod dhíoghbháil that it should harm thee, Dánta Gr. 39.20 .

With FO: dol fona grádaib coiserctha to take holy orders, RC xii 324 . d.¤ fo gradaib, Hy. ii Pref . d.¤ fo graid n-ep[s]coip, Mon. Tall. 134 . d.¤ fo láim n-epscoip to be confirmed (?), Ériu i 218 . d.¤ fāi na grēine sunset , Ir. Astr. Tr. 4 . fuinedh, d.¤ faoi, Eg. Gl. 319 . Attacking, falling on: ac faicsin di in mic thíre ac dulu (leg. -a?) fó na caerib, SG 391 . d.¤ fúinne nír bhfheirde a chiall | go raibhe a fhios ag Uilliam | nách díghealuinn m'fhíoch nó m'fholc, 3 C 13, 802.11 .

With FRI turning to, taking up (an occupation, etc.): truag . . . do dol re dán alas that thou tookest to the bardic art, O'Gr. Cat. 361 . go raibh mórán diobh ag dul re díomhaoinios, PCT 1145 . ? cred nach n-aithninn a chúl cas | do dhul re[a] mhaicne do mheas, Rel. Celt. ii 242 .

With I N- act of entering on (a state); tending to, becoming (esp. folld. by an abstr.): dol a tuarustul to enter military service (take pay), Cog. 50 . do d.¤ i seilbh chóroine na Sacsan, Keat. iii 5385 . an creideamh do dh.¤ i mbáthadh, 5492 . in doman do dh.¤ a ṅdíth air, PH 7583 . nirb' ail les a subaltaidhe d'foillsiughadh . . . d'ecla a nd.¤ a nglóir dimhain dó lest they should lead him to vainglory, BCC § 395 . dón droing bís ag d.¤ a n-esláinti, O'Gr. Cat. 200 . do d.¤ a n-eitice to fall into consumption, 270 . d.¤ a gcnaoi (id.), 3 C 19, 18ra23 . da raibh . . . in t-inad ar nd.¤ a ufistula if the spot has become ulcerated; 115vb13 . ag d.¤ a ttirma becoming dry, 90va13 . ag d.¤ a ngiri getting shorter , Ir. Astr. Tr. 86 . Rarely folld. by pl.: bai an t-iarla . . . acc dol i ndaoinibh diaidh i ndiaidh gaining more and more people (adherents), AFM vi 2082 .

With Ó act of escaping from: muna caemnacar d.¤ uad cin a marbu, Laws v 148 Comm. ní bhfuil d.¤ agam ó'n éag, Oss. vi 56 . ó nach bhféadaim d.¤ ón mbás, Dánta Gr. 42.19 .

With TAR act of going beyond, exceeding, transgressing: miosúr maith . . . ag d.¤ thairis running over , Luke vi 38 . cen dula dar séis no smacht, SR 2393 . a dula . . . darm' thimna (of Adam), 1395 . In sense of dul as: gan d.¤ tairis ag aonduine without escape for anyone from it (death), TSh. 2696 .

With TRE: dul tria aitiri, Críth G. 306 `violating his suretyship', Gloss. íar ndul triit, 549 `after it has leaked out', Gloss.

d.¤ amach act of getting out, release: ní d.¤ amach duit go lá 'n bhráth, Oss. vi 30 . togairmid an sceathrach ┐ and d.¤ amach purgation (?), 3 C 22, 22a30 . da raib dul amach air, dentar ceirin do cuimin ┐ dfinegra ... Et da raib uiresbaid dul amach air dentar gaeithi mela do, Irish Texts v 46 § 30 . d.¤ istech: dobeir d.¤ asteach do bhriathar solus the entrance of Thy words giveth light, Psalms cxix 130 . d.¤ ar agaid to advance, progress: d.¤ air aghaidh ansna subháilcibh, Donlevy 174 . d.¤ ar (for) cúl: ag d.¤ ar cúl abating (of a fever), O'Gr. Cat. 234 . iar ndol na siodha for ccul after the peace had been set aside, AFM vi 2054 .

(d) act of being lost, passing away, dying (= dul as, see above): ferr oenfer dont slog do d.¤ | indá in mór do mudugud, SR 6983 (cf. 2 Samuel xx 16 - 21 ). dá trian fer nErenn do dhula, SG 21 . ní uair dimiad re ndula at her decease, Metr. Dinds. iii 434 . ria ndol d'Aodh mór mac D., O'Gr. Cat. 354 . mar bhís a ndán do dhroing d.¤ since it is the destiny of people to pass away, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 150 . go dol í Néill to the death of O'Neill, 164 . do dith Diarmata . . . ┐ d'esbaid Duib da cond . . . ┐ do d.¤ Dithrubaigh, Acall. 3983 . dobhéar sa neamh dhuit iar nd.¤ , 3 C 12, 26.17 . ní bhiadh muna mbeith an dán | . . . | fios deighfhir ar n-a dhola, Ir. Syll. Poetry 80 § 13 .

(e) proceeding, course, manner ; an extension of lit. sense, cf. Wb. 33a5 ; rubu fer-som muintere; maith dano d.¤ humal obedient conduct (?) (but see ZCP xvii 224 ). So in chevilles: aurdairc d.¤ , SR 4061 , cf. 4735 . dochtaid d.¤ , 7239 . guid iar fird.¤ . . . im dílgud dot' immarbos, 1607 . fo dóer-ban d.¤ `after the fashion of low-born women', Metr. Dinds. iii 376 . lasin fear iga raibi in d.¤ gaeth the man who had the wise course, Auraic. 500 . is deg-d.¤, or in fer well-said, bravo , LL 282b2 . ní bú amlos | dósom in d.¤ duthracair, | ascnam sech péin hi pardos to him the way he has wished was great gain, Liad. and Cuir. 24 .

With FO and art.: dond ingin . . . nó dia cholin fon d.¤ toisech according to the first way (of explaining it), Wb. 10b20 . di doiri Babelone rogabad fon d.¤-so according to this interpretation, Ml. 133b1 . fun d.¤ nisiu, 53a8 . See next section.

(f) occasion, time, turn: [arin] scribund roscribad in d.¤-so, Sg. 202a (Thes. ii p. xxi). in d.¤ so this time , TBC-I¹ 754 . ala d.¤ on another occasion , Laws i 216.31 Comm. is fo infinit dutiagar fun d.¤ so in this case, Ml. 101c6 . tabhradh sochraide Laighean leis don d.¤-sa on this occasion, ML 56 . créad do thug don d.¤ so thú?, Oss. iv 94 . ní mían riom d.¤ bhur bfhéachain anois don d.¤ sa, 1 Corinth. xvi 7 . don dula sin on that occasion, then , CCath. 458 . nír bó ciúin dóibh don d.¤ soin, AFM iii 226 , v 1468 . a gabail fa dó décc . . . ┐ pater i forbhu cech dula at the end of each recital (of a prayer), BNnÉ 92 . Aodha . . . nár claoidheadh i n-aon d.¤ , O'Rah. xxxv 43 . lind nach serg-therc fri sam-d.¤ at summer-tide , Metr. Dinds. iii 338 .

(g) As quasi-conj., so that; because, since , usually with art.: in d.¤ atchi-side `because he perceives it', Wb. 25a37 . d.¤ ní fír a ndurairngert `so that what he has promised is untrue', 30b3 . in d.¤ bidh coimtig mo lecht since my grave will be frequented, Fianaig. 16 . cid fris-n-aragar aithgabail cūicthi in d.¤ is gnāthu do grēs oldās cach athgabail? why is stay attached to the distress of five days since it is more usual . . ., Laws i 250 . in duil is Críst cech óigi since every guest is Christ, Ériu ii 172 .

Compd.: ¤brass swift in course; ech d., TBC-LL¹ 3380 . See also dulta.

ette

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ette or dil.ie/20940
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: ette, eite, eitte, eti, ette, etteda, eitidha, eiteadha, ette, etti, eiteda, eiteadha, itte, eited, eiteagh, itib, etteib, etti, eiteadhaib, ette

n f. (?) n s. ette, Sg. 67a7 . eite, IGT, Decl. ex. 1110 . g s. eitte, SR 624 . n p. eti, LU 3265 . ette, LB 176b33 . etteda, 176b48 . eitidha, YBL 85a17 . eiteadha, TD 20.45 . a p. ette, LU 2281 . etti, LB 243b46 . eiteda, RC xxvi 140.1 . eiteadha, TD 20.51 . g p. itte, SR 1026 . eited, Ériu ii 120.12 . eiteagh, iii 160.26 (ítech, gl. avium pennarum Ml. 40c9 , seems to be the adj.: of winged birds, see ettech). d p. itib, Ml. 80a7 . ZCP viii 108.18 . etteib, SR 622 . etti, Rawl. 79a29 . eitib, Ériu iii 156.18 . Acall. 6277 . eiteadhaib, TSh. 175c .

I A wing, pinion; fin:

(a) in lit. sense: ette (gl. pinna) Sg. 67a7 . ho itib (gl. alis) Ml. 80a7 . ro fersatar [in énlaith] gleic dia n-itib frisin loch, Dinds. 68 ( neitib, BB 385bz ). forluathar ar ite `it speeds on the wing' Ériu ii 120.13 . tennait [ind eóin] a n-ette fria curpu, LU 2281 . tré sciath n-ete indala heóin, 3282 . do chroitis [na heóin] a n-eiteda, RC xxvi 140.1 . fosccud a eitedh in tan sgailes uadha iat, Ériu ii 120.12 . i n-ettib Hiruphin the wings of the cherubim Rawl. 79a29 . aingel Dé...┐ cethri hette fair, PH 2094 . etti iarnaidi leo (of locusts), Ériu ii 194.1 . Fin: bradán...tri duirn ┐ dá mhér i fad a eite brághat `the fin of its neck' AFM ii 996.10 . eite éo, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 17.9 (corresp. to cnáimh bradáin, Keat. ii 5404 ).

(b) transf. the wing of an army: gia ra thiasmáis i ndib carptib ánd itte co araile from one wing (of an army) to another TBC-LL¹ 5863 (ón eti, on eite, v.l.). .dc. marcach isin dara heiti dib in one wing CCath. 4876 . eitedha catha Cesair, 5701 . doronsat eitedha catha dia marcshluagh...dia ndíbh leithibh, Hugh Roe 166.14 (f. 44b) . ? To this: do chuir mac Éigneachán eite | d'fhearann gach ríogh ris a-muigh 'the son of Éigneachán put forth his wing towards the territory of every king adjacent to him beyond his borders', Giolla Brighde 18 § 27 ​. Peak or tail of cloak (?): eiti brec baí 'na mhatal, Cóir Anm. 126 .

II A feather, plume: enlaithi Abuaidi...nochu torchair eite asa sciathaib na cluim o thosach domuin, Ériu ii 128.6 . ni dechaid eti dib, YBL 85a23 . Here also, probably: teag...┐ se lethtuighthi do eitib en, IT iii 195.5 , 15 . ZCP viii 108. 18 . Acall. 787 . Of some part of a spear: laigen .i. gai co n-eitib, TBC-I¹ 2563 .

As npr.: Ingen ┐ Ette (names of two birds) IT iii 243. 248 = Eti ┐ Sengan, BB 384b19 . Cf. Eitte is Engan, Dinds. 66 .

faind

Cite this: eDIL s.v. faind or dil.ie/21129

n plumage, feathers: (?) cadan .i. ... cāid a f.¤ .i. a clūim , Corm. Y 334 = Phil. Soc. Trans. 1859, 180 . Cf. perhaps forbrat faind, cited under fang.

finna

Cite this: eDIL s.v. finna or dil.ie/22141
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: find, find, finnu, finnae, finna, finda, fonnaib

n io, m. also find, o, m. , earlier neut. n s. find ngairit, Corm. Y 242 (= f.¤ gairit, Thr. Ir. Gl. 10.1 ). grend .i. gruaidfinn .i. find ngruaide, Corm. Y 728 . d s. finnu, BDD 38 . LU 4881 . g p. inna finnae , Ml. 72b16 . A hair (of men or animals): gl. pilus Ml. 72b16 . cach finna ásas triána chend, BDD 109 . nothescbad finna fri gaīth, LU 9192 ( FB 91 ). no dedhlaistis finda for usciu, BDD (Y) 128 (finnae U). 137 (finna YU). dia taraill a lám ... finna a brothirni inn étaig, SR 7644 . cach finda ... dot fhult, MacCongl. 95.21 . g s. i mbun cacha finna , LU 8398 ( FB 27 ). doim ... gu cluim foda, teora boss a bhfot gacha finna dhibh, Marco P. 42 . caille aen-finna `a veil of one thread' Laws v 382.21 Comm. pl. ulcha imlebur ┐ uathad finda liath inne a few grey hairs PH 1968 . do finnaib gabur of goat's hair Hy iv 11 Comm. Coll. hair; fur, fleece: gaimen .i. gaim-finn, is sia a find-side quod [h]ieme occiditur , Corm. Y 242 . moethgilla ... doná ro ás finna nó ulcha, TTr.² 1528 . finna gaisitech forru bristly hair Marco P. 89 . luch ... is sí dergg cona find `a mouse ... red-raw, with its hair on' RC xiii 446.6 . nach bentar a ffionna dibh that they are not shorn (of sheep) BNnÉ 57 § 66 . cia beith do lēithi a ḟinnai however grey his hair may be ZCP iii 34.20 . In ZCP x 347 § 21 : om mullach gom finnuib, leg. fonnaib?

Compds. ¤líath grey-haired: fer farsaid findlíath, LL 267b30 ( MU² 746 ). óclach findliath, Acall. 3487 . folt findlieth, TBC-LL¹ 5476 St. ¤lúasgach: fionnluasgach lí súla i mbí ina condull, Ériu xiii 40.27 ( O'Dav. 1199 ) may belong to this (cited under compds of 1 finn, above). Such compds. as finn-bude, ¤chas, etc. are prob. to be referred to 1 finn, though doubtless often understood of finn `hair.' ¤líath also probably belongs to 1 finn, Loinges mac nDuíl Dermait 81 .

leth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. leth or dil.ie/30036
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: leth, leith, leithe, leithe, lethe, leithi, lethe, -leithe, leath, leithdeimhin, lethshathach

n o and s, n. Freq. treated as two words, l. o, n. half and l. s, n. side (e.g. GOI, Críth Gabl., BDD). But it is in some contexts difficult to decide between the two meanings, and cf. d s. leth (side), Ml. 51d3 , 128a1 ( leith, 62b13 ), d s. leith (half), Sg. 18a4 (but see note in Thes.), leuth, BCr. 3c , SR 8041 ; g du. leithe, Sg. 25b6 is ambiguous in meaning, and with lethe, Fél. Dec. 4 may belong to the by-form leithe, which latter. however, is more reliably attested in meaning side than in meaning half: a s. lethe, Imr. Brain 49 , leithi, TBC-I¹ 525. d s. lethe (MS.), Críth G. 428 , Grail 2004 . -leithe, Ir. Astr. Tr. 8.27 .

In later lang. more usual in meaning half (for meaning side cf. taeb) except in adv. and prep. phrases, in which both meanings are frequent. leath m., IGT Decl. § 31. f. , § 39 .

A in meaning side, direction .

I

(a) side: cia beth cosar do cluim glain / fom dda lethe though I had a couch strewn of down beneath my sides, ZCP xiii 258.11 . a beóil for leith a cind, BDD² 541. Cf. do-berad urcar do cloich fuirre ┐ níba cian o leit[h] a cinn, TBC St. 1311 . tibri da leithe `to laugh on all sides', Laws v 228.27 (a kind of satire) .i. gaire uime . . . do cach l.¤ , 230.13 Comm . ? gur gab cairde fair ona cethre lethaib, asrenar . . . a di chumal cairde gacha leithe dona cethre lethaib, O'Curry 2532 - 3 ( Eg. 88, 44 ). ord cumaisc imorro .i. a cumusc a gabail as a leth deridh `the latter end(?)', Laws v 26.21 Comm . ro-claenad-som . . . cach l.¤ don luiṅg, TTebe 1995 . fal na leiti-si (sic) . . . don longphort, CCath. 5177 . tréd na loidhe ar leith an cnuic, Irish Texts ii 2 § 8 . ruc sí . . . mac forsin faidche ┐ sí fó leith ina dromlaig carrying one side of the pail(?), SG 326.28 ( RC xxiv 190.13 ). ? Page: fec leath 91, 92, MS. Mat. 573.29 (see lethenach). Less freq. direction, region : sechip l.¤ fon ṁbith foguir `on whatever side', Thes. ii 300.4 ( Hy. i ). cid féchai-siu issind l.¤ cían úait, IT i 121.10 ( TE 6 Eg.). mairg lingis lēim in l.¤-sain (i.e. towards Hell), ZCP vi 265 § 15. is i do leath coir tanacais you have done well to come, Aen. 1870. In chevilles: forom l.¤ , LU 3867 ( SCC 38 ). slúaig ós lethaib, Airne F. 288. Obscure: tāinic gaimred co ngainni / rolīnsat lethe linni `die Wasser haben die Flachlande angefüllt', Bruchst. i 67 § 156 (letha, v.l.). da each a laim leath aer sealba `two horses in hand at the border of the land', Laws iv 18.20 (leth saor selba, v.l.).

(b) Of twofold division of a house side (?), part (?); indala l.¤ de crín ┐ araile úr one part of seasoned and the other of green wood, Trip.² 601 . isind le[i]th ailiu, i fochlu on the other side, the north, Críth G. 591 . l.¤ in tige . . . do Conchobur . . . a ll.¤ n-aill do bantrocht Ulad, LU 8159 ( FB 12 ). l.¤ in tige . . . la Connachta ┐ in l.¤ aile la Ulto, Sc.M² 5 . isin leith aile in tigi, TTebe 473 . san leith oile `in the other division', TD 11.16 . an uair do chuiridís tuighe ar leath an tighe . . . chum na leithe oile, Oss. iii 216. 18 - 19 .

(c) Of the sides of the body with dess and clé: atá . . . / a scíath da leith chlíu on his left side, MU² 489 . certláech da leith deis . . . fer bec . . . da leith chlí on his right, on his left, 538 - 40 . don ochtmad asna uachtarach chleib a lethi deis Adaim doronta Eua, MacCarthy 48.12 . dul sa leath chlé dod chridhe / slighe i dteach nDé 'gun duine, DDána 10.25 . ar uaisle an leithe dheis dil, Content. i 10 . dá dheis . . . dá leith chlí, TSh. 4090 . do leith do láimhe deise, DDána 24.23 .

(d) With words indicating points of compass: fri mílid in lethe atúaid `of the northern region', Metr. Dinds. iv 40.7 . forin leith tuaiscertaigh don áth, TBC St. 2869 . don leith thuaidh, DDána 64.36 . leath thúaigh northward, Deuteronomy iii 27 . barsan leith descertach ind átha, TBC-LL¹ 3387 . mad od leith anneas gai[res an drean], Ériu viii 122.27 . ar an táobh theas leath theas on the south side southwards, Exodus xxvi 18 . don leath ṡoir eastwards, 2 Kings xiii 17 .

As acc. of destination, Ériu xli 34 .

(e) In phr. (a) l.¤ with clause containing verb of motion the direction in which, anywhere, wherever : nistá leó l.¤ do-coiset do chuincid neich `they have nowhere that they can go to beg anything', Mon. Tall. 128.10 . in l.¤ bertait sin hí lecidsi dóib wherever they bring her, LU 3125 . l.¤ dia mbí in gaeth is fris bís in chomla facing the wind, BDD² 1312 . hiss ē l.¤ ruc-sum a rēim / co Cenannas, Fing. R. 659 . é l.¤ luidi for tochmarc, Metr. Dinds. ii 2.20 . teis lee alleath gebus remat `you shall go with it whither it will go before you', Ériu v 120.16 . régat a l.¤ dīa tuitched `I shall go whither I have set out', i 116.8 . in leith teid (of a spear), Laws v 30.11 Comm . in leath bearar [in] slúaigead, Ir. Review 1912, 248 § 3 . is é l.¤ do-chuaid Conn ar a imgabāil a mesg c[h]lainni . . . Morna, ML² 1806.

Also with cach: cach led dochoid-som sund wherever he went, Wb. 14c20 . cach l.¤ no théged, IT i 130.23 . cech l.¤ naragdais, ZCP viii 110 § 7.

For the construction is é l.¤ attoíbi . . . co dú, is aentadach fri . . . co dú this is the context of, this is a parallel passage to, etc. see at(t)oíbi, oentadach.

In a large variety of adverbial and prepositional phrases.

II With adverbs of direction: ar in leirg l.¤ ifus, CRR 56. immot breith assa leith adíu `about carrying thee hence', Ériu i 130.34 . isind leith anall on the far side (of the house), BDD² 669 . l.¤ anall don ḟidh `on this side of', Ériu iii 164.29 . leath thall d'Fhinn, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 8.27 . lethatshuas dinn `above', O'Gr. Cat. 232.x . da'n dá cical so lethatís dind, 290.27 . don leith amuidh externally, Grail 2621 . leith amuich outside (contr. with astig), Párl. na mB. 2132 . l.¤ amaich d'Eirinn outside I., Acall. 6457 . leath amuigh do uile-theorannaibh na Breataine, Keat. ii 1718 . beith leith amuich don phecadh without sin, ITS xxix 189.13 . leith amuigh don dá chás adubhart apart from, Mac Aingil 4529 . leath amuigh d'aicídibh tura an fhíona except for, Eochairsg. 95.22 . l.¤ amuigh do mnaib not including, BCC 228.35 (§ 237) . leath 'muigh gurab amhluidh . . . apart from the fact that, Luc. Fid. 3765 . l.¤ istich inside, Celtica ii 78.278 . andsa treas alt . . . l.¤ astig `on the third interior joint', O'Gr. Cat. 295.4 . leath istigh dar gcuimhne féin `within our own memory', Keat. ii 423. Cf. also: is uathaib sin l.¤ i fat gach ferann `far and wide', SG 121.31 . In form la-: dobert ferann do laistiar in the west, Rawl. 119a17 . lais tiar iar fuine ngréne, Fél. 112.25 . bóirdréis . . . tímpchioll a ccótaoi lastíos below, Párl. na mB. 538 . d'fhan an marc-shluagh la-amuigh, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 49.4 .

III With pronominalia.

(a) With poss. a his, its : co sceasain cach ball de a leithi (sescaind, lethe, LU) his limbs sprang apart, TBC-I¹ 525. sreith cechtar de a l.¤ he knocked each of them in a different (lit. his own) direction, LL 13983 . tēit in slōg uili for teiched, cach fer a l.¤ , Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 34 § 4 . luid cách a lethi each went his way, LL 14308 . téit . . . cechtar de a l.¤ íar sain, TBFr. 169.

(b) With aile. With prep. DO and art. on the other side (freq. of battle, contest, etc.): bite i n-irgail . . . friu duṅdala leith, Ml. 47c3 . dind leith ailiu gl. illinc, BCr. 32a4 ( Thes. ii 16 ). at-raghat side súass, at-raghat didiu Ulaid don leith eile, Sc.M² 18 R . dilluid F. . . . don l.¤ oili a mBōaind entered the Boyne on the other side, ZCP viii 120.14 . tiocfaid leis don leith oile / guais-ṡeabhuic Bheann mBoghoine, TD 4.43 . don dara l.¤ . . . don leith eili (of simultaneous elections to a bishopric), Ann. Conn. 1307.12 . In more general sense on the other hand, alternatively. Cf. ho l.¤ ailiu gl. e regione, Ml. 128a1 . dob'áil liom . . . dob'áil leam dhon leith oile . . . , DDána 5.15 . don leith oile, L. Cl. A. B. 192.73 . don leith oile adeir Críost . . . , TSh. 1642 . In phr. l.¤ n-aill elsewhere, anywhere, etc.: is ferr damsa techt l.¤ n-aill, LU 3347 ( SCC 13 ). ráither fria . . . techt hi l.¤ n-aill n-aile co maitin, RC xxii 393.z . (BDD App.). indtan no teigdis nach l.¤ aili when they used to go anywhere else, Mon. Tall. 129.17 . tucsat a ndorus na huama i ll.¤ n-aill iat `inside of the door of the cave', PH 1018 . cidh ara tucuis in claideb i ll.¤ n-aile? why did you give away the sword? Lism. L. 1326.

(c) With cach: amal . . . asroither uisce for talmain cech l.¤ `on every side', Ml. 44d1 . aurchor snedar cach leth in all directions, Críth G. 219 . fer cach leithe lándligid `a man of full righteousness on every side i.e. dealing justly with all men', 528 and n. 0 (or to be referred to 2 l.?). co rucadur gacha leithi ar A., Fier. 235. Usually with prec. prep. DI (do, dá) or FOR (ar) in, from all directions, sides, everywhere : immib di cach leith, Wb. 17b19 . in talmain n-impu di cach l.¤ , Ml. 51d3 . di cech leith, 62b13 . 66d10 . testiu na fuile . . . for cach l.¤ , 22b1 . for cech l.¤ gl. longe lateque, 53b9 . slúaged . . . / de cach leith dar túatha, Fél. Ep. 35. fogéba do cach leith aci agid n-airegda, LU 2029 ( FA 10 ). for cech l.¤ , LU 2146 ( FA 21 ). ic fégad . . . for cach l.¤ úathu, MU² 364 . eo óir ina brut ro saiged a gúalaind for cach l.¤ on either side, IT i 131.17 . di cech leith gl. undique, Gild. Lor. 67 . in popul imme di cech l.¤ , PH 761 . dá cech leith, 7063 . do gach leith ┐ da gach thaib dib, TTebe 2225 . sneachta seacht traigthe ar gach leath uadha, SG 34.16 . táir dá gach leith ina lenmhain, IGT Decl. ex. 1158 . ar gach leath, L. Cl. A. B. 112.43 . do gach leith do na laochaib sin, ML² 1860 . do cach lethe, Grail 2004 . for cech l.¤ de, 2480 . da gach aen leithe de na timceall, Ir. Astr. Tr. 8.27 (leth, v.l.). go ttuccadar gealladh air gach leith mutually, Dhá Sgéal Art. 152. Note also: for cechtar in da leithe `on either side' (of a stream), Laws iv 144.11 . comtar crólinnecha curaid di chechtar na da leithi, LL 224b27 ( TTr. 548 ).

(d) With cid (later cía) where, whither : inchoiscsiu damsa ceth l.¤ atā Emain show me the way to, TBC-I¹ 376 = ced l.¤ , LU 4865 = cía let[h], TBC St. 782 . cia leath reghma? Anecd. i 2.9 ( SCano 25 ). ni fhetar cia l.¤ do-rechaind, acht tucas m'aiged siar I knew not where to go, PH 500 . cia l.¤ their Adam uait?, MacCarthy 52.8 . cia leith ro cuaidh in clu mor-sin? what has become of? CCath. 4546 . cia l.¤ so, a dorman? whither away? Fing. R. 90 . cid l.¤ na mochærgi? why are you up so early? RC xiv 400 § 4.

(e) In phr. do díb le(i)th(a)ib on both sides, mutually : diblethaib .i. cechtar a da leithe, O'Curry 965 ( H 3.18, 415 ). ra theigsetar na slúaig immi-sium do dib lethib, LL 175a42 ( CRR 26 ). ro ferad cath . . . do dib lethib eturro, Ann. Conn. 1256.6 . ro naidmset a ccodach ┐ a ccaradradh do dib leitibh, Leb. Gab.(i) 232.12 . dībh leithibh, Celtica iv 70.209 (l.¤ ┐̇ tib, MS.).

(f) With na(ch) in any direction, anywhere : imned dom na lled dochood wherever I went, Wb. 17d7 . nochon occobrad-si co ndigseth nách l.¤ cen heisium immaróen fríe would go nowhere without him, Trip.² 151 . na digsitís nách leth o Ierusalem, PH 5408.

(g) With óen-: F. . . . ┐ L. for ōenl.¤, M. ┐ D. forsan l.¤ n-aill on the one hand . . . on the other, Rawl. 149a35 . a h-ocht Ailgenan na n-each / co ndeachaid d'eg ar enleath together, BB 61b31 . a óga tigidh d'einleath, Duan. F. ii 68 § 11 . cuirfiter d'éinleith will be put aside, RC xxviii 318 § 30. do rug ar n-omhain d'aoinleith dispelled our fear, DDána 18a.5 .

IV With prepositions (many uses with prepp. are exemplified also under III).

(a) With A: a lleith posessoris by virtue of being possessor, Sg. 198a18 . a lleith atraib gl. extrinsecus, in the matter of possession, 198b1 . a lleith indí atreba, 200b11 . a lleith aittrebthado gl. intrinsecus, 204a1 . biat-sa as do l.¤ I will be at thy side, Alex. 93 . ac urchuitmhe assa leith making excuses on his own behalf, Anecd. ii 68.4 . See also under i l.¤ fri.

(b) With AR (in later lang.): tug fiodh ar leith do lighe made the tree to bend to one side (one of the marks of an auspicious reign), L. Cl. A. B. 224.127 . rachadsa ar do leith `I shall side with thee', Duan. F. ii 244 § 16 . techt ar a leith féin to side with him, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 40.10 . ar mbeith d'Eireamhón ón fhior / ar leith gléimheadhón Gaoidheal `when E. had parted from him amid the Gaels(?), Studies 1920, 98 § 5 . níor luigh ar leith a mháthar did not depend on(?) (of Cú Chulainn), DDána 96.29 (`encroached not on his mother's land', Ir. Monthly 1927, 437 ).

(c) With DO (in some cases perh. DI): do leith dano dó a óenur frisna tri cóectu mac on one side, LU 4914 = TBC-I¹ 429 . ni-s-téged nech do muintir G. secci do leith, do na tabrad sceim némnig to one side(?), PH 7212 . co mba hecin di usce na Temrach da tharraing do l.¤ ┐ cach cumal ar uair 'na haghaidh (i.e. she always carried one side while the others took turns on the other), RC xxiv 190.8 . in Mangartach . . . do leith de ┐ Sliab Cruadha . . . don taob eile, ML² 320 . gach meacain gach lus don leatsoin there, Hackett xlii 59 .

Usually as prep. phrase with follg. gen. In concrete sense in the direction of, towards : iarsin tictís, gním cen chleith, / ind ríg dia leith ó thír thoich to him (`on account of him'), Metr. Dinds. ii 24.74 . do leith na hairde thuaidh facing the north (of a tent), 3 C 19, 51 vb15 . nac[h] racainn do leith mo aigte I would not go forward, TBC St. 1592 . líne do leith a aighthe / do chathaoiribh cumhdaighthe opposite, DDána 85.42 . do leith a aighthe in front of him, CF² 1036 . do leith a ccúil . . . do leith a ndrumann, AFM iii 320.9 , 11 . Of the seat of a disease: go mbi nescoid isna hairnibh uair ann do leith in droma ┐ uair eile do leith a sreabhonn . . . ┐ uair do leith a gcabhán, 3 C 19, 201 rb26 - 28 . Of time: doleith na haidhche towards night, 3 C 19, 73 va 24 . do bi dias do Gaidilaib ann sin do l.¤ in Chimsogaig on C.'s side, Ann. Conn. 1281.4 .

past, by (here DI(?)): romgab do leith losinan the fox avoided, slunk by me, ZCP i 459. 11 . amail sinchān do leith ǣgaire, MacCongl. 85.2 (`approaching a shepherd'). Fig. na hinghena . . . nobitis ic amran ┐ hic duchunn no geibed do leith doib dano imradagh anma Hectoir used to avoid(?), LL 405a19 ( TTr.² 1086 ).

In more abstr. senses. With respect to, as regards, according to: is do leith genelaig fer nGréc doib, Dinds. 128. ? tiucfaidh in cétmuinnter fo coruib ┐ cidh adhaltrach hí ticfaidh a fear .i. do leth in oirechta comtibach, O'D. 2077 ( Rawl. 487, 58 ). a chlú do leith eolasa ┐ eagna, Keat. ii 204 . do leith a athar ┐ a mháthar `both on his father's and mother's side', O'D. 4896 . a n-éagmais a hárdchéme onóra do leith a glúine geinealach `in respect of', Párl. na mB. 3570 . in ratione cibi .i. do leith an bhídh, 23 K 42, 307.15 . do l.¤ dileghtha an adbuir, RC xlix 8.4 . More specifically because of, from, on account of: do leith G. because you are related to G., Irish Texts ii 44 § 35 . do leith ubhaill a fhachain, DDána 10.6 (`an apple caused it,' Ir. Monthly 1929, 211 ). do leith a nemdilegtha pour cause de l'indigestion, O'Gr. Cat. 217.7. na neithi . . . disgaoileas do leith a teasa because of their heat, 3 C 19, 49 ra27 . do l.¤ an fuail from, by means of (in diagnosis), 23 K 42, 151.17 .

(d) With FO separately, severally, individually : cách fo leith gl. singuli, Wb. 5d3 . ní [i]mmalle acht is cach æ fo leith, 17d2 . cechtar nái fo leith, Sg. 63a15 . mórfeser a dám inna thúaith, cóicer fo leith when engaged on his private concerns (as an individual), Críth G. 379 ( fo le[i]th(e), 428 ). ainmnigestár cach fer fó leith cona anmaim diles fein, LU 1811 . ar cach n-ái fo leith díb, TBC-LL¹ 2726 . cech macc fo leth dia maccaib, PH 6613 . sláinte anma is cabhair chuirp / atáid fa leith na labhuirt, Arch. Hib. i 99 § xi . ima leith alternately, Laws iv 372.21 Comm . ┐ mar sin ar na peacadhuibh eile fó leith, Mac Aingil 2061 . an biobla ma leith, .i. leis fein amhain, gan ghluais, etc., Luc. Fid. 4592 . Somet. with FOR in this sense: don oenfer for leith `for one man only', Mon. Tall. 156.28 . oc ainmniugud a ball for leith, PH 7326 . gach pearsa ar leith 'n-a Dhia dhíbh, DDána 25.6 .

(e) With FOR (AR) aside, apart : tēit leo for l.¤ aside, Sc.M² 4 . co-rrala a cholaind for l.¤, ┐ corro-an a chenn i fertais in charpait to one side, 19 (leith, R.) luid īarum for l.¤ a óinur `aside', Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 6 § 5 . ro bae-side . . . ina throscud i Sliab Sína ar leith `apart', Celtica iv 28.381 . in ticfa ar l.¤ do immacallaim frimsa?, ZCP ii 135 § 9 . gādatar mnā Connacht do Conchobur tuidecht for leith, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 6 § 5 . atat acum sund for leith / curaid ri cath . . . (: creich), TBC-LL¹ 516 . ruc leis for l.¤ da mac Z., PH 3024 . tucait aes dána Ulad ar l.¤ , RC xiv 430 § 56 . ar leith gá fhad fhuileongas? `how long will he suffer the affliction of being far away?', Aithd. D. 8.19 . ar leith [ó] dheachmhaidh Dhé `exempt from', PBocht 7.25 . ar leith atám ó theasda laid aside, Studies 1924, 87 § 15 . ar leth nó i ccoitchinne in particular or in common, RSClára 117b . ? in slicht socinelach geinfes for leith on ridiri ┐ on maigdin sin, Grail 2669 . In this sense somet. with FO: ód thriall fó leith, Oss. vi 54.19 . doimthigh a nimh . . . as fo leith, Ériu v 88.34 . ? With TAR: no gur cuir in rig dar l.¤ mathair a cloindi put aside(?), YBL 317b24 (cf. Aided M. Gloss.).

(f) In quasi-adjectival use with both FO and FOR apart, separate, different, special : gnáe far l.¤ gl. separatim, Sg. 73b1 . syllab fo leith, 165b2 . co ndergensat rainn fo leith di gl. separauerunt ab aliis partibus, 187b6 . 188a22 . 188b5 . 212a6 . Of a particular kind of assembly: cis lir cenēla airechta dochusin la Fēne? . . . A cōic: cūlairecht ┐ taebairecht ┐ airecht uirdnidhe ┐ airecht fo l.¤ et airecht fodesin, ZCP xii 359.14 . airecht fo l.¤, is a suidhi bīt nadmand ┐ ratha (sic MS.) ┐ fiadain, 360.1 . torinolta i tech for leith, Trip.² 228. biaid pian for leith er son cech peccaid air, PH 7617 . gabsatt . . . ferann fo l.¤ , BColm. 8.3 . atá i n-airicul fo leith, LU 3374 ( SCC 16 ). rogairm Cond . . . ar fót fo leith `called C. aside', Ériu iii 160.y . trí lá is tri aidche ba leith / bámmar uile i tig Cachir, RC vii 292.53 . dath fo l.¤ a eduigh cach lae, Laws ii 148.6 Comm . cás ar leith an Lúan `Doomsday, supreme danger', PBocht 5.47 . rann ar leith ni dliged dam, Irish Texts ii 41 § 9 . seómra ar l.¤ , RSClára f. 111b . pian ar leith ar an intinn, ┐ pian fá leith ar an gcorp, TSh. 6495 - 6 .

(g) In phr. le(i)th for (ar) le(i)th on both sides, respectively, both of them (usually of two persons or groups): ra fornaidmit na glinni sin leith for l.¤ , MU² 106 . co mbaí . . . nónbur ra hulibásaib eturru l.¤ for l.¤ , 118 . rointer Eri l.¤ ar l.¤ `share and share', Metr. Dinds. iii 358.35 . in cath rolád, l.¤ for l.¤ , iv 250.65 . ro tuit . . . in cath l.¤ ar leith, CCath. 2217 . M. . . . ┐ F. / fríoth a n-árach leath ar leath, DDána 64.25 . táinig a ré leath ar leath / sgol Uladh, éigse Laighneach, 115.2 . forna cathaibh leath ar leath, CF² 1195 . go rangattar . . . da nionaduibh féin l.¤ ar l.¤ respectively, BNnÉ 201.33 . a gcoingheall leath ar leath (aequa utriusque conditio), TSh. 3871. More generally: an tuile dhámh, leath ar leath the throng of companies, side by side, Ériu v 56.67 . an cúiger druadh, leath ar leth `the five wizards, side by side', iv 222 § 38 . In follg. rather in turn, one after the other : fuaradh na mball leath ar leath, DDána 27.6 . ughdair Ghaoidheal leath ar leath, O'R. Poems 1473 . fágbhuim-si fós, leath ar leath / beannacht uaim ag gach aoinneach, Celtica iv 119 § 30 . Note also: as mar sin an cethramadh cric as mesarda ┐ is ferr acu l.¤ ar l.¤ `all things considered', Ir. Astr. Tr. 140.x . Other constructions: di leith for l.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 1685 . do leith for leith, MR 222.z . do leith fo leith, 240.24 . leath um leith, PBocht 18.17 . do leith dar l.¤ , TTebe 3122 .

(h) With I in such a wide and subtle variety of meanings as hardly to be amenable to classification. That given here must be regarded as arbitrary, and the ascription of an example to one category or another is in many cases very doubtful.

In physical sense beside, in the direction of, towards : co cualatar guth mbec ina hingini hi leith in tigi, Irish Texts i 2.18 (cf. Bethu Brigte 38) . rothicfa it' lethe-su will come to thee, Imr. Brain 49 (`to thy parts'; `to your country', Murphy Lyrics). Laighnigh i leith do dhroma behind you, DDána 101.53 . i leith leaptha red lennán, BS 46.4 . With follg. DO: a leith don chaislēn, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 26.24 . a leith da druim from behind, TTebe 1016 . Cf. forsin marcsluag do bi l.¤ da ndruim behind them, Ann. Conn. 1247.7 . = a leith a ndroma, ALC i 376.18 .

Of kinship, family connection: hua-som Codiáir moir . . . i ll.¤ o mathair on the mother's side, LU 1136 ( ACC § 121 Comm. ). dáermacne . . . a lleth o mathrechaib, TBC-LL¹ 1739. ar ni boi astig nech bad glica a l.¤ o mnaib `weil im Hause auf Seiten der Frauen keine Klügere war', ZCP xiii 270.6 . comdais meic do Mac-Con na trī Fothaid gē beit i leith Sīl Fergusa, Corp. Gen. 263 . sil a leith ciníl do chríadh, Irish Texts ii 35 § 31 . leanfa D. . . . i leith athar rian na Róisteach, Ó Bruad. i 110.3 . ? enmac do fhácuib do chloinn / ina leith do Tuathaib Temra, Irish Texts ii 23 § 12.

téit i l.¤ joins forces with: resorts to, places one's trust in, seeks refuge in: ós éigin dóibh dola id leith `they will surely join thee', Aithd. D. 24.18 . a luas . . . / do-chuas i leith láimhe libh `the speed with which men flocked to thee', 77.22 . dol na l.¤ dí ní digha, Irish Texts ii 57 § 4. Cf. dochóidh . . . / Muire i leith mh'oige d'fhighe `Mary . . . has set about weaving my nature', PBocht 12.28 . leabhair Chaisil is chláir Macha / nír mheiste dhóibh dol 'na leith, L. Cl. A. B. 237.10 . dola a leith na leabhar linn, KMMisc. 174 § 29 . cách i leith a deisi ag dul resorting to force (?), L. Cl. A. B. 193.92 . mar thug láimh fá chreich na Cásg / a leith a grásd do-cháidh Crísd, IGT Decl. ex. 1001 ( DDána 38.6 ). ní a leith a chémend do-chúaidh / an Múaid ag breith lémend lúidh was not content to proceed at its normal pace(?), IGT ex. 1256 .

fo-ceird (cuirid) i leith assigns to, ascribes to: curther a n-ugturas hi lleith Duid a oenur, Hib. Min. 128 (of Psalms). is e Ferceirtni cuires in irad so i ll.¤ na n-ugdar ┐ ite na hugdar (sic) i cuirter l.¤ , BB 299b36 - 7 . ferta . . . meic Dé do chur i lleth Belzebúb to give B. the credit for, PH 6436 . is e fath ara cuirther primhdhacht i lleith na tri mberla sin `superiority is claimed on behalf of', Auraic. 162. Cf. ilmuine mic Dé nacha cuiridhsi i far leth feisin `which claim not ye for yourselves', Laws i 22.22 Comm . Also charges with, lays to the account of, attributes to: is lib-si fessin . . . in chair doralais inar leth-ni, Alex. 946 . Críoch Chonnacht a ndúthchas féin/ na leith ní cuirthe mar chéim `is not to be brought as a charge against them', Content. vi 91 . ar n-éara 'n-a leith na léigidh `let not my rejection ever be brought (as a proof of carelessness) against Thy work', Aithd. D. 77.17 . cuir 'n-a leith do chosg do chean / an rosg do bheith ag briseadh, DDána 27.4 . dá gcuirthear uabhar i leith fir aca, TSh. 9368. Cf. ar an máthair atá id leith `thy supposed mother', Keat. ii 6353.

In phrases with other trans. verbs in sense of committing, entrusting to: nít erpi i lled nach áili `with any one else', Wb. 1d10 . lecam ar ráma úan isa muir ┐ foncerddam i ll.¤ ar Tigernai `let us cast ourselves upon our Lord', Ériu xi 137.8 . cuir hobair a leith an Tighearna `commit thy works unto', Proverbs xvi 3 . lecsiu immurgo i ldeth nDe mess for a menmain-som `leave it . . . to God', Mon. Tall. 148.11 . do ré[i]r is ad l.¤ legmuid, Ériu iv 224 § 48 . caingne in tsenaidh . . . do lecon i lleith na ndea `to trust to the gods', CCath. 4549. ar ndíon 'n-a leith ná leigeadh (of Christ's wounds), DDána 48.8 . cipe leces a furtacht ┐ a cobhair i lleith in Coimdedh, ZCP iv 390.13 .

With vb. to be expressed or understood relying on, engaged in etc.: arn-iumramh a leith Dé under God's protection, KMMisc. 322 § 5 . bím i leith guidhe do ghrás `I trust in imploring Thy grace', A. Ó Dálaigh xxxvii 1 . bíom 'na leith i ló an bhrátha / dom dhíon ar eagla an ursgátha, DDána 12.14 . i leith fhaghla ós eadh atá bent on(?), 106.4 . láeich a leith a farchadh `handling their mauls', Studies 1920, 417.20 . Here also perh. gé tú inníu i lleith eiseine (? leg. eisléine), Anecd. ii 22 § 9. Cf. i lleith leinne, LL 18172.

On the side of, along with, in support of: hóre attá innar leid cia conicc ní dúun gl. pro nobis, Wb. 4b11 . robu ferr leu buith hi leith Duaid on David's side (in battle), Ml. 87c4 . robbet inna lobrān leith / ria ndul i ṅgnūis spirta nóib `may they be on the side of her weaklings', Thes. ii 348.5 ( Hy. v 90 ). bīd 'na leith used to be with him, ACL iii 307 § 27 . ? uair is ina leath itá (`since it concerns them(?)'), Leb. Cert.² 260 . ar tí airm do chur ar a chois arís a leith an rí in support of, Rel. Celt. ii 202.29 . sé 'n-a leath acht go léigdís had they allowed Him to help them (the two thieves), Dán Dé xx 25 . Perh. also: fágthar misi a leath a bhfuil sa bhfaithedh let me be left to take charge of all [the foes] who are on the field, 23 I 1, 66.18 . an banntigerna bís orra . . . a l.¤ a lámh bítt na mná so [do]gres `are always obedient to her', Maund. 135.

With respect to, concerning, in the case of: dogniat . . . guchoibsenae do thuildiud indaldeth fadesin do tormuch pende foraib `make false confessions about themselves', Mon. Tall. 153.1 . a cion i leith an leanaibh her crime as regards the child, A. Ó Dálaigh li 21 . cenn Muman i lleith o clercibh `as regards its clerics', CS 1008. Perh. also: mar dhaingean i leith a láimhe `to strengthen his hand', PBocht 1.41 . tlás a l.¤ lamh, Irish Texts ii 31 § 3 . a leth laithe `according to the day', Leb. Gab.(i) 240.y .

Various: in mil . . . do rinne in foguil; is a dul ina leth `it (the beast on which the lot falls) goes for its crime', Laws ii 6.30 Comm . in gell do tuitim i lleth in ti tucustur he `the hostage surety falls upon the person', 136.21 Comm . i leith fheirge is eadh a-tá / nach deirge an cneadh an chéad-lá `owing to his wrath', Dán Dé xxviii 7 . a dtéid duid do na deich genoibh / tuig soin san leith ina libh `think of thy share in the ten nuts only in the aspect in which it is thine', PBocht 7.27 .

(i) In phr. i le(i)th fri, in O. Ir. glosses a ll.¤ fri, where a is a s. neut. of article, cf. later l.¤ re without prep. (below).

In the direction of, towards : a nem hitat aingil i n-uachtar ┐ firmimint a ll.¤ frinnai ille `on the side towards us', Ml. 42b10 . i lleth friusom opposite them, LU 1987 ( FA 5 ). i leith risin muir moir, CCath. 1942 . ni dechaid A. isna crichaib borétaib i ll.¤ fri téchtmuir, Alex. 437 . i nilar comperta i lleith re mnaibh ilarda with, BCrólige 57 gl. 7 . Cf. cidh il-leth in tigi fris even in the other side of the house, Lism. L. 1483. Similarly l.¤ fri: isin rann tuaidh do na Deisibh l.¤ le hEoghanact, ITS xvi 56.4 . leath re Hierusalem towards J., Isaiah vii 1 . Of time: hi l.¤ fri aidchi towards nightfall, RC xxii 394.8 .

More freq. as regards, with respect to, in the matter of, touching : a lled fri Abracham `as regards A.', Wb. 2c3 . a lled friss fadesin, 6c18 . a lled fri spirut gl. spiritaliter examinatur, 8b16 . a lleth frissan ingraim gl. quantum ad praesentem causam pertinet, Études Celt. xl 59 ( Ml. 30b2 ). cidh is fis, ┐ cidh is anfis . . . a leith reisin comairce?, Laws iv 228.15 . i ll.¤ fri do[i]nib . . . i ll.¤ fri Dia, Rawl. 75a47 . i leith re claidem when it comes to a sword, SG 248.17 . ro taiselbad he i leith risin fer `it was ascribed to', Laws i 34.10 Comm . is uasal i lleith re tabuirt `when considered as a gift', v 214.17 Comm . cinntech i l.¤ fri Dia, PH 6218 . i lleith ra hiris Críst, Anecd. iii 64.22 . ní measa fian Chaisil Chuirc / i leith re déanamh gach uilc, Content. ii 3 . ar gheallsad sliocht Éibhir Ḟinn / do chomhaillsead i leith rinn `in our regard,' vi 101 . a leith re hóglách m'aosú for a youth of my age, BS 44.8 . ba mór an techt (écht) hisin i l.¤ re mac taoísigh, AFM iii 648.14 . In BCC and Beatha S.F. often l.¤ re without prec. prep.: leith riu as regards them, BCC 18.13 (§ 33) . l.¤ re Día, 90.4 (§ 94) . leith re haibíd, Beatha S. F. 1397 . leith re sbioraid, 683 . In some contexts with more specific meaning of because of, by reason of, by, through : is ed fodera in comrorcu sin dam i ll.¤ frit-sa `owing to thee', MacCongl. 57.7 . a leith ré huathbhás with awe, Ó Héodhusa 66.z . l.¤ re do glicus fein `according to', Celtica ii 62.22 . do leag Dia a lámh air leith re heasláinte righinn do chur ar a chorp. Beatha S. F. 154 . In follg. perh. against : i dteach nDé do ria an ríoghan / Dia lé i leath ris an saoghal, DDána 99.38 (`against the world', Ir. Monthly 1919, 227 ). guais a lonn-ḟuighle i leith ribh, Content. vii 8. But: tiucfaid Laighin a leith ribh / beith at aighidh ni heidir on your side, Irish Texts ii 98 § 15 . Other exx. with follg. FRI: leath re Fodla fuil Uidhir / Fodla ni fuil 'na aghaidh `auf Fodlas Seite ist Odars Blut', ZCP ii 331.29 . gan neach d'Eirinn 'na aghuidh / is l.¤ re Heirind Ulaigh `sind auf Erins Seite die Ulaten', 332.1 . si-se leath re Lámhach, DDána 98.38 . ní bhiadh . . . / leath ag Dia ris na daoinibh `God would not have come among men', Aithd. D. 98.5 . For Mod. Ir. maidir le, mar le (mad i l.¤ fri) see O'Rahilly, Ériu ix 14.

(j) In phrases replacing earlier ille, immalle: o sin i leith, Anecd. ii 3.8 (= i lle, Airne F. 77 ). ón ló sin i lleath, Dhá Sgéal Art. 1180 . o shin a leath, Smaointe B. Chr. 169. a hAlbain a leith, AFM iii 366.z . Cf. toit cuccum-sa i lletsa `on this side', CCath. 2982 . `rosc' tuigsin gach neich ma le, Metr. Gl. 11 § 10 (maleith, LL).

B In meaning half .

I

(a) a half, the half (of): ni roisset á l.¤-adi gl. mediam aetatem, Ml. 74a11 . ni arindí bed l.¤ ṅgotho no bed indib (ref. to semiuocales), Sg. 5a4 . a ll.¤ o laim deiss gl. dexteram . . . partem, 17b2 . dephtoros dodichsed inna leith chomsuidigthi `would enter as half of the compound', 18a4 . l.¤ ind orpi-so `half of this heritage', Thes. ii 239.16 ( Ardm. 17b ). a lleith n-aill, AU 747 . a leath na cille, 836 . isindara l.¤ in lestair ┐ in l.¤ n-aill dō-sum, Corm. Y 1059 (p. 92.6) . o leuth lathi, SR 8041 . l.¤ fer nAlban, Anecd. i 1.2 ( SCano 3 ). l.¤ nó trían do chruth, TBFr. 224 . l.¤ na haidche, Fing. R. 791. i leith laoi at midday, DDána 42.3 . l.¤ ruith ┐ l.¤ gabra `riders in chariots and riders on horses' (notes), BDD² 460 . ní rabi la Ultu láth gaile rosassad l.¤ méite fair, LU 9184 ( FB 91 ). co n-acca ara chind in fer ┐ l.¤ a chind fair ┐ l.¤ fir aile fora muin, LU 4933 ( TBC-I¹ 448 ). dagénsa dá leth de (a warrior), LU 5306 ( TBC-I¹ 829 ). leca lógmara . . . ┐ a llethe úachtarcha ina lócharnaib, LU 2055 ( FA 13 ). trían nó l.¤ a ḟeraind, Imr. Brain 46.13 . mo trín is luga lethi, LL 11031 ( TBC-LL¹ 4198 ). mo trian is luga lethe, TBC St. 3501 . secib ni foghailther a ndiph randaip raiter in dara rand co rab l.¤ cin cob cudruma, Auraic. 2925 . comortus andso se fer 'na leit[h] secha so híos `in the half below' (scribal note), TTebe xvii 26 . ro-scoilt bend-chapur in tempuil in ṅdíb lethib, PH 2896 . i ngach leith don ló `every hour of the day' ( Ir. Monthly 1927, 551 ), DDána 106.4 . gé atá a leath do Cinedh Conuill although half of it belongs to, Irish Texts ii 42 § 16 . do gheibhinn-si . . . / . . . / t'uille ┐ leath do leabtha, TD 14.17 . ní as lía iná l.¤ na nguth (of votes), RSClára 98a . gur thuit in cath-milid C. ina lethib leadairthi, MR 270.16 . do gerr conuige a l.¤ é `clave him to his middle', Fier. 225 . úachtarán leithe Ierusalem, Nehemiah iii 9. ? am luidset co leth lenna, feimidset imram nach leth `when they had got half way across', Dinds. 5.

(b) In legal contexts: lóg leith ungæ di muccib `half an ounce in pigs', Thes. ii 239.19 (Ardm.). trichait l.¤ n-unga n-argait, SR 3152 . na coic leithe unga, RC x 94.2 . l.¤ .uii. cumal a smacht cana, Ir. Recht 37.16 . coraigecht aenmna re bliadain dam . . . ┐ l.¤ feissi dogrés `half-conjugal society', Acall. 4955 (SG). trian n-urgnama, a l.¤ do mnai do gni half of it (milk) to the woman who does the work, Laws ii 364.23 . l.¤ do fir fodngaib, l.¤ n-aill do faithchi hi fogabar, iv 184.18 (of swarming bees). l.¤ méich tharai a half measure of kiln-dried wheat, Críth G. 111 . l.¤ n-arathair a half share in a plough, 158 . díre a béla colpda(i)ch; a l.¤ dia ḟidbu, etc., 247 . secht fuile cena dia mbeir liaig l.¤ half-fee, Laws v 362.15 . let leithi in trin one-half of one-half, ii 366.2 Comm .

(c) Of territorial divisions: cu ru raind Hérinn dar dó ┐ co tuc in l.¤ ro boí sís d'Hérind do Thúaith Dé Danann et in l.¤ aile do Maccaib Míled, MU² 5 , 6 . leath / indsi móiri Mac Mílead, Leb. Cert.² 263 . rannfa meise . . . / i ndíbh leithibh críoch fhuar Éireann, DDána 111.8 . Domnall mac dā leithi (.i. al-l.¤ tes ┐ tūaid dind Érinn), ZCP xii 236 § 56 , cf. in fíal Fer dá lethe, Fél. Dec. 4 . On the traditional division of Ireland into L. Cuinn and L. Moga see O'Rahilly, EIHM 191 - 2 . Lex aui Suanaich for Leith Cuinn, AU 748 . ruc leth na muici cona druim ó Leith Cuinn, Sc.M² 18 R . Mug Nuadat a quo leth Moga N., Rawl. 147b19 . tairct[h]er leth Érenn uait-si do C[h]onn, ML² 904. Note further: roiniudh for Gallu Locha Cuan re Leith Cathail, AU 943 . leath Branuigh `O' Byrne's half', LBranach 67 . G. . . . ri lethi iarthuraigi Ceneoil Aeda, Ann. Conn. 1224.6 . dala immorro na lethe thess do Chonnachtaib, 1225.14 .

(d) In phr. l.¤ catha, l.¤ gliad (fitting) opponent in battle, adversary: l.¤ catha, TBC-I¹ 3289 (of Celtchar) = TBC-LL¹ 5394. bud leór l.¤ catha do ḟeraib hÉrend siat ac cosnam a tigerna, 5708 . l.¤ gliad, TBC-I¹ 3252 (Rochaid) = TBC-LL¹ 5315. Hence without accompanying gen: is suaill nach leath doib Domnall all but a match for them, Prolegomena 44 § 18 . do budh leath dáibh uile í `she would equal them all', PBocht 9.17 . cath do thabhairt dóibh, gion go bhfuilmíd leath nó trian riú, CRR² 26.

(e) Attrib. g s.: eisinnraic leithi `half unworthy', Laws i 116.3 Comm . a gilla glomhuir amuil a amhus lethe (some kind of a servant), ii 26.5 Comm . roinn leithe ar anbhuain Eirenn a bisection, O'Gr. Cat. 464.12 . do gheall tú roinn leatha dhamh ann do thír, Dhá Sgéal Art. 800.

(f) In vaguer sense part, division : cechtar in da leithe sin `each of those two parts', gl. in duas partes diuidere (of the word uires), Sg. 25b6 . is Persa bar leath share(?), Alex. 191. in leath budh mō da rīge, Ériu iv 178 § 32.

In phrases.

II

(a) In phr. co le(i)th and a half : noichtiche co lleuth 29½ days, BCr. 3c ( Thes. ii 10.5 ). sith mbliadhna co l.¤ , AU 1128 (ii 120.12) . fri ré bliadna co lleith, LU 1279 (H). dí ungi co leith, RC x 62.1 . tri huairi dec co ll.¤ , MacCarthy 46.3 . bliadhain go leith, TD 32.40 . míle go leith, Keat. Poems 1345. Meaning doubtful in: dia tí íasc i n-inbera rot bía hé[u] co lleith araile. Dia tí iall a mmag rot bía caúth co lleith araile, LU 5646 ( TBC-I¹ 1168 ) = co leth arale . . . colleith arailiu, ZCP ix 148 - 9 = dia foígela énflaith . . .co lleith alailiu . . . Día tomna . . . iasc . . . co leith arailiu, LU 5526 = co leith allaile . . . co lleth arailiu, TBC-I¹ 1043 = colleith alailiu . . . colleth alailiu, ZCP ix 145.38 . See TBC-LL¹ 1830 ff ., where Windisch's literal translation (see n. 0 ) with the other half (which makes up the pair) does not seem possible; araile, -iu, etc. may have belonged originally to the beginning of the next sentence (see Fasc. A 119.11 ff ), and hé[u] co l.¤ may be a hyperbole.

(b) In phr. for (ar) le(i)th: fer for l.¤ Connacht `more than half the Connaughtmen', Cóir Anm. 251 . gur cosain . . . treab ar l.¤ Alpan dó, IT, ii2 123.32 . ceall ar l.¤ ceall `one more than half of the churches', RC xiv 30 § 8 . duine ar leith fer nErenn, SG 20.36 . triar for leith a sluag foracbaiset half their army plus three, RC vi 188.13 .

Compds.

In meaning A.

(a) Perh. in sense of -sided in: lethchil .i. lethchlāen, Corm. Y 318 . gruaidh leathchorcra ar lí na subh, L. Cl. A. B. 193.90 . drech lethderg lethgabur (description of Conall Cernach), LU 8636 ( FB 47 ). do Meidbh Lethdeirg, ZCP xi 42 § 28 . do thaeb lethḟas bare, Mart. Tall. 112.1 . druim na leirge leathfholamh, Aithd. D. 20.26 . it é lethgabra amal Conall Cernach, BDD² 1150 , taken in BDD and by Vendryes, Études Celt. iv 397 as subst. ` centaur ', cf. lethghabar .i. lethech, H 3.18, 532.14 ; but cf. gabar .i. solus, Lec. Gl. 536 and see 2 gabor. as aigi-siomh fil in drec[h] lethgabar (of Genonn Gruadṡolus), TBC St. 4500. ag goradh a ghruaidh leithghil, L. Cl. A. B. 90.78 . Luoch Lethglass . . . lethglass e o talmain go mullach a cinn green-sided(?), RC xii 100 § 136. ? Dun da Lethglas, IT iii 40 § 34 (see Hog. Onom.). senchas lethmáel `pointless', Metr. Dinds. iv 24.24 . sluagh lethodar, Leb. Cert. 4.16 . ? bloscad inna gréne frisinna margánu lethrati, ZCP viii 175.24 . cuing leth-remor 'na leth-leirg `broad-flanked', Metr. Dinds. ii 46.10 .

(b) More partic. ¤ard etc. lit. (high) at one side, hence uneven, unequal: measam laidi (leg. lige) lethard lopsided, ZCP xvii 69 § 9 = ACL iii 230.155 . Usually in more abstr. sense unequal, unfair , etc.: claen cach lethard, O'Curry 351 ( H 3.18, 193b ). dire l., BCrólige 5 . tacra la leath-ard n-ae `to plead in support of an unequal cause', Laws v 252.11 . In Laws Comm. freq. lethairde: fo comairdi no fo leithairde `equally or unequally', iii 270.7 . comhroinnter eturru fein fo lethairde unequally, iv 254.11 Comm . ba lethard cundartha / ba tomus lettromm `an unequal contract, uneven measure', MacCongl. 73.29 - 30 . cid lethard a ngrād, BColm. 34.1 . im lethard rainne unfair division(?), ZCP xii 365.2 . ba lethfota a lám one of his arms was longer than the other, iii 218 § 24 . adhaigh is lá go leathfhada `of unequal length', Aithd. D. 61.20 . nī bu leithísel in mám down at one side, Hy. v 56. Hence with certain adjj. of defective rhymes: coic fodhla arē ccuibdes oll: / leathfoda, leathtend, leathtrom, / bruilingicht, nī bec in col, / let[h]garbh gin a lesugud, ZCP xii 295 § 6. See lettrom etc.

(c) Hence with nouns meaning judgement, opinion, contract etc. onesided, partial, prejudiced: ar n-aonbhrath breithimh-ne san Luan ní bu leathaighne partial advocate, Aithd. D. 55.7 . leathbháidh fil agat re hÓ F., Maguires of F. 18 . can lethbreath iter saidbir ┐ daidbir impartial, YBL 167b39 . ar in lethbreth ruc A. imon ubull orda, Aen. 211 . leith-bhreath le báidh ní bhéara Ó Fearadhaigh, DDána 109.20 . leithbr[ia]thar accusation(?), Acall. 7995. masa lethbrostu . . . no masa combrostu setting-on on one side (of dogs fighting), Laws iii 196.1 Comm . cia lethcoimpert i n-airbert breithe (improper behaviour in a judge), O'D. 536 ( H 3.17, 432 ) = O'Curry 2271 ( Eg. 88, 20 ), see ZCP xv 355 . arin lethcumaid dorōine sé ara brōgaib fēin sech brōgaib na manach the partial treatment he gave to his own shoes, ZCP iii 33.6 . lethchuma ar Ghilla Dé / ní cuibe do'n té dogní `an injustice to G.D.', SG 284.5 . do leath-chumaidh ar an gcuid oile don mheithil unfairly, TSh. 10134 . lethedargaire, MR 262.23 . is fer lethetrana do chuaid etarru biassed mediator, Laws iii 196.11 Comm . in t-ochtmad aithne:— na dena leth-fhiadnaise false witness, PH 7619. leath-ghrádh oide idir dhaltaibh favouritism, Content. xiv 13 . Cf. (adj.) dá gcor i sochar leith-leasach dhóibh féin to their own advantage, TSh. 7103. ? freagra do lethluith, O'Dav. 1510 . bíd in éudach coitchenn gan lethpháirt ar bioth `partiality' (i.e. particularity), RSClára 73b . Cf. leathrannach partial, unfair, Eochairsg. 11.31 . partial (poetic) knowledge : nemṡós, lethṡós, lánṡós 'no knowledge, partial knowledge, full knowledge' Ériu xxxii 62 § 1 . ro gníd lethinacht (= lethṡmacht) mór fair injustice, LL 217a33 ( TTr. 22 ). Cf. doghnid Ioip lethsmacht aturu, D IV 2, 26rb48 = BB 4a21 = 411b26 . ni dhearnaidh leathtrom na leathsmacht, 23 E 26, 289.11 . Hence: mad fleteg ledmagtach dogneid dind æclis, Wb. 11d16 (`factions', Gwynn, Hermathena xx 63 ). aighi (aigne ?) lethsmachtach partial advocate(?), ZCP xii 364.27 . brethem beris breith for leth tagra cin imaidbi without hearing both sides(?), Laws v 354.1 . See leithscél, etc. With similar shade of meaning in adjj.: ro bátar leithriata uile fri Poimp ar tus [cein] co táinic Césair `on the side of P.', CCath. 1244 (leitreta, v.l.) is mor is lethreta in cined doenna frisiṅ dualaig-sin in ecnaig inclined to, PH 6876.

(d) Pleonastically with words meaning side, edge, border. The following examples properly belong to sense B and should be considered under (f) Ériu liii 179-80 : dar let[h]bord in longpuirt `edge', CCath. 5431 . lámh le leathbhord along the frontier, DDána 96.13 . i leithimeal Mhuidhe Dermuidhe, Flower Cat. 471.32 . fa leithimel Conmaicne, AFM vi 1882.4 . medhōn idir dhā leithimell do chonngbhāil between two extremes, Celtica i 194.1078 . Cf. frém lethimeallach an láidaigáin `the exterior radix of the little finger', O'Gr. Cat. 287.31 . nirbo fota ro bai an cath can dul do lethleth `inclining to one of the two sides', CCath. 5742 . do leith-leith na sligedh `on each side of the road', Fl. Earls 162.4 . leithreadh .i. leithleith. robdar leithreadha .i. dochuadar do leithleith, no dén táobh, O'Cl. `leath-luighe leaning', Eg. Gl. 421. See lettáeb, etc.

In meaning B.

(a) In a variety of compds. in meaning half: fer lethbali, MU² 195 (`half-township', Gloss.). bith for lethbargin `a half-ration of bread', Ériu vii 162.z . ? midben .i. lethben nó lethuagh fobīth in toraind bis iter indalæ ben de, O'Mulc. 823 . samaisc i llethbeirt half a bundle, Críth G. 213. ailid cach ben . . . lethbiathad a ceile di `half the refection', BCrólige 56 . ? for lethblai baíth, LL 211a7 (see Metr. Dinds. ii 20.48 ). leth-chanóin `demi-cannon', AFM v 1732.13 . lethcoir n-urnadma `das halbe Ordnungsmässige der Antrauung', Ir. Recht 37.20 . mad lechur (= leth-chur) .i. forgiallnai, O'Curry 829 ( H 3.18, 380 ). fosuididter in ben lethdam in fir half the husband's retinue, Laws ii 386.6 . lethdei = semidei, Auraic. 2920 . lethdrécht . . . i ngort `a half-day's labour', Críth G. 84 (see note). a ndo[ro]chair . . . de lethdoinib . . . dineoch nad roacht cridiu cathae shirkers(?), RC xii 104 § 148 . Cf. co torchair fer ┐ lethfer fer nÉrenn leis, Comp. CC 109.18 , perh. a mere turn of phrase, cf. ech ┐ letheach fer nÉrenn, 11 . lethfeidm laech `half effort', Arch. Hib. ii 54 § 7 . aire forgill in lethḟira `des Halb Schwurs', Cóic Con. 38 § 52 . do leith fitt `half-ration', Mon. Tall. 156.20 . lethflaithem .i. fer da cleithe, Laws iv 350.12 . Christo tantum seruit .i. cen ledfognam coiugio without partial service coniugio , Wb. 10a24 . ? dlighidh saerbiathad deisi, ┐ boin lethgabala `a cow of the second quality', Laws iv 350.y . geni gaba acht lethgabail de, 212.z . aithgin cona lethgabail diabulta `with double half-seizure', v 168.4 Comm . a lethgabol (-ál ?) étaig do brutt `half of clothes for mantle', Ériu i 220 § 14 . ¤gáe half-length spear, short spear(?) (possibly one of a pair of spears) : i suainem in let[h]ga letartaigh, CCath. 5598 . lethgai londrecha lasamna, TTebe 1400 . do lethgāethib lethna lict[h]i `half-spears for throwing', Fianaig. 90.1 . an tres fross do lethghaibh, TFrag. 182.6 . ¤Gall Of people of the Hebrides ( Rannsachadh na Gàidhlig i 14 ): uainn do Lethghallaibh léig[idh], Celtica x 196 § 11 . abbas Leithglinne, AU 639 . in Leth-innsi, 1412 (iii 64.2) . leathloghadh (opp. to lánloghadh) `partial indulgence', Mac Aingil 6421 . ? fri tōeb in lāir leithlessi (-lisse, v.l.) `half-ruined fort', Ériu vii 2.17 . nocht-aile isin lethmachaire `half (cleared) plain', O'Dav. 963 , cf. Laws iv 72.18 Comm ; 'pastureland occasionally tilled (?)' Landscape Archaeology in Ireland 248 . leathnomen = lesainm, ZCP iii 226.13 , cf. leth-ainm fir annatha, Anecd. ii 52.6 . lethol n-ais ó cach airig, Irish Texts i 19 § 5 . fuillem cacha leth-oile, Laws v 414.1 . cét lóeg ┐ di lethorc half-grown pigs (?), LU 6930 ( BDD 54 ). for hErainn cen lethrainn undivided, SR 2351 (cf. Wortk. vi 949 ). Bicair Leth-ratha, AU 1490 (iii 346.4) . cosc sair ┐ dair ┐ lethair 'half-noble' = lethṡáer, Celtica xxiv 38 . a laim leathaer sealba, CIH i 210.25 . .i. i lethsuir na selba, 211.1 . Cf. CIH v 1861.16, 18 , vi 2020.18, 19 . tri gnuidh do lea[th]scoilteach `half-cleavings', IT iii 196.6 . ic leithṡeolad ┐ ic lánṡeolad ri lethgaethaib with shortened sail (?), LL 236a33 - 4 ( TTr. 1431 ). leith slighidh half way, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 30.24 . emisperium .i. letspeir, Ir. Astr. Tr. 88.12 . ni tairgend a hathair lethtinol le, Ir. Recht 37.22 . cutrumu leth-tochusa in fir gusa teit `half the property,' Laws v 290.6 Comm . ní fhuaras . . . / leath-tail óm chéill chorpardha `I have not found even grudging obedience', A. Ó Dálaigh xxxix 11 . letorud . . . asin chulid half-produce, Lism. L. 321.16 . ? tech . . . amal bid lethuaim aicenta, ZCP xvii 232.4 .

(b) With names of measures, numbers, periods of time, etc.: leathbhannlá, Párl. na mB. 558 . hi cciunn lethbliadna, RC xxvi 366.18 . tri lethcheat do feraibh Airghiall, 150 men, ZCP xiv 234.12 . fiche bairghen . . . san leithcheathramhain, L. Cl. A. B. 46.15 . adopart teora lethindli trea thír Patricio, Thes. ii 239.6 ( Ardm. 17b ). cetra lá ┐ leith-seachtmuin, Acall. 775 . tigerna na Le[th]-Trian, AU 1538 (iii 620.10) . dond lethtomus, BCr. 31b3 ( Thes. ii 14 ). fri re leth-uaire, PH 2475.

(c) With names of units of value: ledhcethramuine mir a cuidach do chuit S., Trans. RIA xv 19.23 . secht leth-cumala, O'Dav. 746 . leth-cumal i mmuin in tanaise, Laws v 400.x . leithdhéighe ar dhuine ealadhan dá ngealltar eich ┐ ba dhó, L. Cl. A. B. 45.9 . bo ag leth-loige, Laws v 402.z . ledhmharg, Trans. RIA xv 29.4 . lethmiach, O'Curry 1557 ( BB 185bb ). lethpinginn ar lacht caerach, O'Curry 345 ( H 3.18, 191 ). fere obillo dignus .i. ní ferr lethscripul, Sg. 49b10 . screpall cach eledna, no leth-screpall cach nem-eledna, Laws v 334.24 Comm . is let[h]sét inna lóg-side, Ériu xvii 70 § 10. na .v. lethuinge, BCrólige 20 gl. 5 . dorat side .xxx. leth-unga n-argaid da cind, BB 237b22 .

(d) With names of fines, penalties, fees etc.: lethaithgein moíne móges, Críth G. 273 . leth-fir testa leth-arra `half the proof of witness or half-security', Laws ii 92.8 Comm . dligid Ū Gusān cáin a deorad ┐ lethc[h]āin urrad ó ríg Midhi, BColm. 64.25 . a lethdilsi ar .iii. biaduibh co leth mbidh `half forfeiture', Laws ii 264.21 - 22 Comm . lethdire cro otrusa, BCrólige 6 . leithdíri da blāi-neimthib, Cáin Ad. 36 . letheiric otrusa cro gac fir di[a] mnai `half the penalty', BCrólige 6 gl. 4 . laneneclann don mac ina athair, letheneclann do ina senathair, Ir. Recht 40.22 . mād étged nō anfes, lethfīach ind, Cáin Ad. 35 . ioctar lethfiach anfocail ria, O'Curry 2157 ( Eg. 88, 4a ). im aradain ┐ im lethfrichnam na trebaire `half the service of the husbandry', Laws ii 392.12 Comm . leth-fuillem gill cauich (= cuaich) cach rig do chuuch cach airech, v 412.11 . lan gille ┐ lethgille, i 260.19 . na dlegat lethiarra doib `are not entitled to half fosterage-fee', 198.2 . bedidh leth lan (lethlán ?) ngell do tuit for cach, ii 136.17 . lethlóg [n-]enech cach gráid túaithe, Críth G. 217 . direanur lethriaruib beusuib cétgiallna, O'D. 510 ( H 3.17, 415 ). do-beir lethsmacht ina sarugud, Ir. Recht 37.21 .

(e) With names of phonetic and metrical features: leath-aimser for taebomnaib half-length, Auraic. 1211 . áram f la lethguthaigthi `semivowels', Sg. 6a10 . in[n]a lethguta cetus .i. f, l, m, n, r, s, x, Auraic. 2904 . leathgutta ┐ mudi, 344 . it cosmaili a ndī lethc[h]omarc half-quatrains, Corm. Y 574 , cf. O'Mulc. 391 . cati a lethc[h]omarc ?, Corm. Y 1059 (93.9) . lethcuibdius `an internal half-rhyme', Auraic. 3839 . dechnad mór ┐ lethdechnad (a metre), IT iii 6 § 5. lethmíbasc name of a metre, 49 § 89 . ni chuille luthbas lethnath (kind of poem ?), Ériu xiii 18.18 ( O'Dav. 1164 ). in lethrand hīsiu dano .i. imommloiscet mo dā n-ō prūll— caiti a lethrann ? what is its corresponding couplet ?, Corm. Y 1059 (93.20) . ina lethrann tuíseach, IT iii 7 n.3 , see p. 128 . gēb-sa lethrand dús in ba cubaid frissa ṅgēba-som, Fing. R. 119. With rannaigecht of metres with shortened line: leth-randaigecht mor corranach, IT iii 82 § 63 . cumasc leth-randaigechta moiri ┐ rindairde, § 64.

(f) With names of things existing or thought of in pairs. See also examples listed above in section (d). Of parts of the body: lethail (óil) gl. mala, Ir. Gl. 90 . i lleithóil a meic `one of her son's cheeks', Cáin Ad. 12 . flesc . . . . do erissem dia lethlaim furi ┐ lorc isind laim aili `so that their one hand may rest on it', Ml. 45c9 . a lethchoss geidh you one-legged goose (lit. one leg of a goose), IT iii 102 § 190 . for lethcois ┐ letsuil standing on one foot and with one eye closed, RC xii 98 § 129 . co tard a leathgúalainn fria hursaind in tigi, BDD² 542 . dligid in rí a leathgualainn 'the king is entitled to sit beside him', Leb. Cert.² 583 . fó a leth-oscail deis, ZCP v 526.24 . tuc buille ina lethchíg shoiscéla, SG 41.4 . mó ná both leptha a lethchlúas, Metr. Dinds. iv 138.74 . ma ro benad a lethchos, no a lethlam . . . do duine no lethbel, Laws iii 348.11 - 12 Comm . dlighid dno ri A. . . . leathlaimh rig Erend ig ol ┐ ac aenach to be beside, BB 274a4 . ┐ se baccach, leth-roisc, PH 620 . lethsciath `one of thy wings', RC xx 48.6 . ro-s-bensat a leth-shuil ṅdeiss asa chind, PH 553 . gallgha dan lán do leathdorn, DDána 84.45 . a leathára ┐ íth muice, L. Cl. A. B. 45.11 . leathuille dheas Í Dhomhnoill, TD 27.20 . ócc-laech leth-ruisc clí, BNnÉ 94.8 . stuadhus a lethghlún . . . ar bhéaluibh Ḟinn, CF 253 (Eg.) = a glun deas, text. In B. na f.: lethrend .i. lethchos: dā lú is lethrend dībh co losc, ZCP v 484 § 6. Of weapons: 'na leathgrúaidh, Duan. F. ii 224 § 7 . im chechtar a da lethdorn in chlaidib, LL 237b38 ( TTr. 1548 ). Fig. leathlámh, a Dhé, im dhál distress my portion, Aithd. D. 52.1 . ? tríocha laoch gan leathlámha, DDána 86.32 . In deriv. adjj.: misi . . . co leath-lámach, MR 308.7 . tri náimhde . . . lethṡúilecha one-eyed, Acall. 6248. Less exactly with names of other parts of the body: baluid dia lethagid in luirg, TBC-LL¹ 651 . imspelip dano .i. bīd folt cechtar na dā lethc[h]end on each side of the head, Corm. Y 1091 . bit lir . . . renda nime far leithchind ┐ far lethchloigind, BDD² 861 - 2 . lamha leoiti ┐ leithcind letarda, CCath. 3179 . dar leit[h]cenn Sleibi Ois, 4770 . tecmait da sleig inna dib leth-foltaib two tresses(?), LU 4359 . gidh a leathfolt gidh a lanfolt gatar du duine, O'D. 2334 ( Rawl. 506, 36 ). gur leadair in leath-ucht ┐ in leath-bhruinne, MR 300.1 . ro ber[r]tha a lethu[l]chi, SR 6720 (= rasit . . . dimidiam partem barbae, 2 Reg. x 4 ). conda tarla fora lethbeólu lopsided, LU 8382 ( FB 25 ). Note also the adj. lethcholpthach of a defective cow injured in a leg, limping(?): mat leth-colpthach, O'Curry 250 ( H 3.18, 145a ). intan . . . ropo lethcolb in set, O'Curry 345 ( H 3.18, 191b ) = O'D. 662 ( H 3.17, 492a ). cid caoch cíd lethcolptach iat, O'D. 855 ( H 3.17, 609 ). cid lecholb, O'D. 1629 ( H 5.15, 16b ). cid lethcolpach iat, O'D. 1646 ( H 5.15, 20a ). Cf. intan roba chaech no crín no bacach in sét, O'D. 1629 ( H 5.15, 16 ).

With a large variety of other nouns in sense of one of two, one of a pair : ní thuc acht lethassa imme `one shoe', Fél. 12.28 . doníter long . . . do lethblaeisc na huidhi (leg. huighe) sin one half-shell, RC xxiv 377.5 . iall lethbraigi (= bróice), IT iii 81 § 59 . gabaid leithchenn na cloiche, Acall. 2176. genelach húa nEchach Coba ┐ is iat-side let[h]chenēl (lethcenelach, v.l.) Dāl nAraidi, Corp. Gen. 326 (162b13) . dobered-sum lethcluiche forra he would win his game from them, RC v 199.27 . lethcnaim a rig, Laws v 354.5 . led-chollbe flatho `one of the two pillars of the kingdom', Wb. 23d31 . lethcholbe flatho .i. Brigit, Thes. ii 326.3 ( Hy. iv 9 ). leathchonchlonn eile an Íobhail `the Jew's companion', Aithd. D. 94.3 . lethchosmailius lesom inso trisa cotarsnae one member of a comparison, Ml. 30d19 . 37d10 . ro gab a leth-chuarán de, Lib. Hymn. i 187.32 . dom leathchuing fhir ealadhna to my fellow-poet, DDána 76.21 , cf. Aithd. D. 13.22 . nochar leathchumthach leanna / A. `no solitary drinker of his feast', Aithd. D. 42.11 . dá leath-dhlaoi an dréimire the two uprights, TSh. 10832 . tainic ar inchaibh a lethemain `his twin brother', CCath. 2068 . lethén in eóin allmaraig the foreign bird's mate, GJ iv 42b22 . claideb lethḟáebair one-edged, TBC-LL¹ 1718 . aos lethḟaobhoir, ZCP x 285.6 . Cf. cletine .i. lethfaobrach, O'Dav. 568 . is lethgabail flatha fri hEoganacht they are entitled to kingship in turn, Irish Texts i 21 § 13 . leithgenelach D. pedigree on the other side, ZCP xiv 70.6 . is do leithgenelaig fer nGréc dóib, Dinds. 128 = do Greccaib a llethcinel, Bodl. Dinds. 14. fria lethéill a bróci do bein de, MacCongl. 47.9 . smacht lethime one side of a boundary-fence(?), Laws v 270.21 Comm .; y Comm . leathlámhann (sic leg.) one glove, Eochairsg. 64.29 . leathmharcach `fellow-horseman', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 406.8 . lethmuincille, RC xxvi 362.6 . a braithre . . . da mharbadh tre leathol fleghi having shared a feast, Caithr. CC 2 (leg. ḟleadhól? But cf. lethdeog fri caindli sorcha, Anecd. i 14.16 = SCano 480 ). Cf. (adj.) iairmeirgi ḟuar leathrannach `nocturns that equally divide (the night)', Acall. 2963 v.l. ( SG ii 178 ) = ZCP vi 271.10 . Indrechtach . . . lethríg Ulad `one of the two kings of U.', Ann. Inisf. 835 . drem na llethríg, Arch. Hib. ii 50 § 32 . leithrí-sede na Mirmidonda `one of the two kings', LL 240a35 ( TTr. 1741 ). i n-aghaidh an fhir do ríoghais / . . . / leithrí má do-ní do námha a rival king, Aithd. D. 31.18 . C. lethrí Ciarraighe do marbadh . . . do ríg na leithe aile do Ciarraigi, RC xvii 397.7 (Tig.). ro chosain Eocho lethrīgi nUlad īar sin fri Muridach, Aided Echach 202 §6 . i leithríge in tsída fri Fiachna sharing the kingdom, SG 57.25 . G. . . . leaththuiseach don cluichi `one of the two leaders', Ériu xii 142.26 . lethorsa gacha tigi oil door-post, Fen. 166.1 .

(g) With various adjj.: fōcra lethamnas, ACL iii 295 § 24. lethbaiti `half-drowned', Aen. 268 . co torchair sís lethbéo, Trip.² 1505 . na daoine leithbheó dying, TSh. 5698 . doroich . . . in ri cusind epscop ┐ se leth-brec half-speckled with fire, RC xxvi 366.18 . lethchaech gl. monoculosus, Ir. Gl. 624 . cailleach lethchāech, ZCP v 22 § 8 . da mbeth fír occa . . . dam[b]adh gó . . . dam[b]ad lethchintach, IT iii 191 § 20 . cith lethchomnart a n-ude half as strong, ZCP xiii 374.13 (= xx 221 ). lethchosgarthai gl. semirutas, Ml. 128b5 . With -chuind (g s. of cond sense) legal of persons non compos mentis: athgabail fir lethcuind, Laws i 200.29 . ainm do amadan . . . in fer lethcuinn, O'Dav. 485 . o murcuirthi leth-cuind, Laws v 82.12 Comm . Cf. co nderna lethincinn di ar mbrisiudh a leithchinn, TBC-LL¹ p. 315 n.2 . in cetraime lethdedenach second last, IT iii 74 § 34. leithdeimhin `almost certain', Mac Aingil 2424 . re h-anaicentacht leis na lend-brat . . . leth-fada half-long, MR 180.13 . Treithne Leth[g]leór, LL 4917 . Eithne lethgleoir, Rawl. 134b12 . is hé lethgleóir leithinchind lamfota, TBC-LL¹ 5400 = TBC St. 4408. leithghléoir .i. leathshúil ghlóire. laoch leithghleoir, O'Cl. a siriti lethguill, LU 8879 ( FB 67 ). Sothṅge lethgot (n. pr. f.), Rawl. 134b19 . Leath-lobar mac Find, RC xvii 340.x (Tig.). ledmarb gl. emortuum, Wb. 2c26 . a brathair ledarthi leathmarb, TTebe 1013 . coin brena lethoma, LU 2200 ( FA 28 ). lethshathach gl. semisatur, Ir. Gl. 403 . fear uirísiol bean uasal . . . clann leathuasal tig uatha, Párl. na mB. 577 . anní do tindsgnadh atá sé leathullamh, Carswell 16.12 . This prob. also the sense in lethtenn, lethtrom and lethḟota of consonants in the poem in ZCP xii 295 ( daur, gort, bethe . . . / do leith for leith is leathtroum, § 2 ). ngetal, luiss, ruis cona rinn, | nin ┐ muin ... | ... | fedha lettenna, ZCP xii 295 § 3 . fern is coll is tinne tra | ... | donī in trīan sin ... | lethtenn lān is lāncuibdes, ZCP xii 295 § 4 . coic fodhla ar ēccuibdes oll: leathfoda, leathtend, lethtrom, ZCP xii 295 § 6 . With adv.: lesdruim .i. leas uait [┐ fris] cucut, no leatarsna darin druim bis aicmi muine, Auraic. 988 (i.e. the Ogam notches of the m-group transverse the ridge).

In legal contexts: a mic ro gialla, ni cuirthe curu leathfas, O'Curry 1751 ( 23 Q 6, 33b ). ni cuirther curu lethfasa, O'Curry 1064 ( H 3.18 , 440a ). medon-lax .i. leth-lax, O'Curry 114 ( H 3.18, 72 ). cia leth coimperta indarbthar breithemnas no airbert ae leth-balbh teanga ┐rl. .i. comaircim cia in lucht comairbertnaigther don dara leth um an ae um an caingin, O'Curry 1608 ( 23 Q 6, 5a ) `halb Stummzungige', ZCP xv 355. Similarly: cia leth coimpert inarbtha brethe no airbert ae .i. comaircim cia an lucht comairbertnaigter don dara leth uman ae uman caingin ┐ inarbtar o airbert fethamhnais ┐ brethemnais iad .i. lethbhalb tengaid ┐ lethloisc n-eoluis ┐ lethanbal n-ae, O'Curry 2271 ( Eg. 88, 20a ), O'D. 536 ( H 3.17, 432 ), O'D. 1657 ( H 5.15, 22 ), O'D. 1658 (ibid.). fer medongaite leth-indlidhach in ceile `half-unlawful', Laws v 218.17 Comm . O'Curry 2154 - 5 ( Eg. 88, 4a ), O'Curry 2156 ( Eg. 88, 4a ).

(h) Rarely with verbs (mainly for alliteration): cor ben a heochair dar suil Cormaic co ro lethchaech hé, Laws iii 84.1 (Introd. to Lebar Aicle). Ulaidh leis mar leathghabhaid when the Ulaidh take his side, Aithd. D. 20.20 . rí dá lógh do leathtolladh whose side was pierced, 60.2 . ro leithbrisedh ┐ ro lángabhadh an baile, AFM v 1658.20 .

In many nn. loc., both as subst. and as first element of compds. See Hog. Onom.

libra

Cite this: eDIL s.v. libra or dil.ie/30157

n [,] f. (lebar) also libre. IGT Abstr. Nouns § 96 (leibhre proscribed form) length: buaile clúim as lór liobhra (of eye-lashes), DDána 99.32 . biodhbha dá mbeis ar a thí / ní leis do bhí liobra an laoi he would not survive the day's span, IGT Verbs ex. 110 . l.¤ an laoi, Abstr. Nouns ex. 1045 . ní inisin cuisi na miscen ar a libri, TFrag. 170.11 .

luma(i)r

Cite this: eDIL s.v. luma(i)r or dil.ie/31068

n unfledged bird(?), down of unfledged bird(?): essine didiu (sic leg.) ni hén clúmda acht lumar, Corm. p. 18 = esēn . . . nī hēn clūmda . . . nī rotecrustair clūim acht lumair, Corm. Y 511. Cf. lomm, lommraid.

maethigid, maethaigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. maethigid, maethaigid or dil.ie/31267
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: moethaigthe, moethugadh, mhaothughadh

v g. (maeth) softens, mitigates: comoithaigidir gl. emolliat , Ml. 131 a 9 . nommoithiged gl. molliri , 74 d 12 . ro moithigh Ciaran aní sin fair mitigated (the cold) for him, BNnÉ 109 § 41. Of breaking up and fertilizing soil: ro maethigdis sin comdis feranna fosta firmaithe, Ériu viii 8.20 . maothuighim í léum sheile I moisten, Parrth. Anma 373.14 . (fig.) maothaigh cruaidh mo chridhe!, PBocht 15 § 16. part. co mba tirmaigthe ┐ co mba moethaigthe cluim (of a fleece), LB 127a4 . vn. in-gab Medb moethiguth mīchor din-gēni 'Medb reproved the mitigation of evil contracts which he made' Studia Celtica Upsaliensia ii 61 § 6 (Conailla Medb míchuru) . sruth . . . do moethugadh ┐ do bocgugudh Parrdu[i]s to moisten , BB 16a35 . dot mhaothughadh to supple thee, Ezekiel xvi 4.

srón

Cite this: eDIL s.v. srón or dil.ie/38834

n ā, f., IGT Decl. § 149 (149.22) .

(a) nostril, in dual nose: s.¤ gl. naris, Ir. Gl. 1039 . doinfeith tinith oa gin, o[a] sronaibh, Trip.² 222 . durébbrenset a dí sróin for[s]in sét, 1684 . robé bolltanugud in spirta nōib isna srōnaib-sea, ACL iii 232.26 . gatair a súile assa cind ┐ a sróna, Ériu v 209.24 . co nditned a srona ┐ a beolu `so that it protected his nostrils and his lips', CCath. 5265 . a srónu ┐ a belu na biasta, PH 7235 . toradh na súl is na s.¤ , Aithd. D. 80.33 . go mbia bréantas ag bréanadh sh.¤ an chiontaigh i n-ifreann, TSh. 6547 . Cf. ar da n-echaib . . . bolg[sh]róin with distended nostrils, TBC-LL¹ 3377 ( balcsroin, 5622 St.). ? deochair álainn aturo | na ndís brecsroin bil, SG 90.15 .

(b) nose : sróin gl. nassum, Sg. 97a3 . éccid in sróin súil bél, Ardm. 219b1 ( KZ xxxi 245 ). clūim .i. caol-sēim .i. cēile (ceilid ?) in srōin ima mbī, Corm. Y 342 . ronna immorro quasi srōn-unna .i. ton[n]a srōna, quia est unda .i. tond, 1116 . srōn .i. srūaim ena .i. imat usque, 1176 . do-rat cách díb builli dar sróin a chēili, Sc.M² 6 . co moing a sróna gl. tulmaing, IT i 162.y . corbo chomfota frisin sróin, LU 6472 . dluge srónae óclaige, Fianaig. 26.2 . condas-cichi srōin fri srōin `so that he sees them nose to nose', Ériu vi 122 § 6 . sceirdit broigh snechta as a sroin, MacCarthy 126.16 . fuil tsrona, Laws v 478.24 Comm . budh tráth nóna fa dhul di | go bun na sróna ag Síle, IGT Decl. ex. 1986 . in gach poll da shroin, Stair Erc. 766 . fá shróin an stáit in defiance of the state (?), Keat. Poems 51 . le séideadh do shróna, Exodus xv 8 .

(c) With uinge, etc., in name of a tax (cf. ON nef-gildi): almsa as cech sroin o Feruib Muighi d'fir a inaidh a nose-tax from Fermoy to his successor, Lism. L. 3272 . sé screpaill dergóir cacha sróna do thabairt do righ an domhain, O'Curry 1432 ( H 3.18, 641b ) = O'Curry 636 ( H 3.18 306 ). screpul cach shróna, LL 111b38 ( RC xiv 430 § 56 ). fiacha Bh. . . . | uinge d'ór ar gach aontsróin | dó, nó an ts.¤ do bhuain da bun, L. Cl. A. B. 97.94 . ungi dargut findruni cacha srona, Cog. 50.11 . unga cacha sróna, Leb. Cert. 228.13 .

(d) Extended meanings: cuirid a sróna faoi snouts (of tortoises), TSh. 3906 . a taóebaib ┐ a srónaib na long the prows of the ships, TTr.² 903 . tar srónaib sengrothai `by headlands of old curds', MacCongl. 85.21 . s.¤ re sruthfhairrge `nose to the main' (of Carraig Alastair), BS 96.12 .

In n.pr.: Sitriug na srona Mac-an-Mhaighistir, AU ii 538.9 .

Compds. ¤bennach: s. gl. r(h)inocerus, Sg. 95b6 . Thes. ii 231.19 . ¤fhairsing broad-muzzled: a gingobaiph . . . na serrach . . . sroniairsing, CCath. 4958 . ? ¤fhíaclach: Ferghus Folcthech .i. Fergus mantach. Nó srónfiaclach robói, Cóir Anm. 161 v.l. (srénfhíaclach, text). ¤lann nose-plate (of a helmet): corrc[h]athbharr . . . cona sronlainn . . . iarnaidhe, CCath. 5263 . 4698 . sronlainn .i. cumhdach sróna, O'Cl. ¤mael blunt-nosed (in n.pr.): in Gilla Sronmael Húa Ruaircc, RC xviii 33.6 . ¤ogam: sronogam .i. mera na lam imon sroin, Auraic. 5786 . ¤olcach: méirleach . . . s. `snarling', Timth. 1916, 38 § 22 .

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