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aithgním

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aithgním or dil.ie/2677

 

n (gním): Mess Dana in cathmil cnedach / fri haga aithgnim Ulad who repeats the feats of the Ulster warriors, Rawl. 82b32 . do ní sé aithghníomha an fhir / tre raithbhríogha Dé dhúiligh he repeats the deeds of the other man (i.e. John the Baptist), Arch. Hib. i 91 § xviii .

caíntech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. caíntech or dil.ie/7856
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: cáointeach

adj o, ā (caíned) mournful, plaintive : caintech gl. eligiaco metro, Thes. i 6.18 . cóintech gl. lugubris, Ml. 118b9 . lugubri .i. chointech, Lib. Hymn. 68 gl. 17 . cáintech ( cnedach , St.) crechtach, TBC-LL¹ 3988 ( caíntech, LL 10839 ). caintech cumthach (of widow), Metr. Dinds. ii 74.47 . muigi caintecha lugentes campi , Aen. 1367 . gé táid siad caointeach dá gcailg, Keat. Poems 1179 . See cluiche, cepóc. Adv.: co cainteach truagh, Smaointe B. Chr. 1257 .

As subst. cáointeach o, m., IGT Decl. § 22 . cāiteach (leg. caīntech) 'a mourner' Eg. Gl. § 185 , Celtica xix 139 .

cnedach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cnedach or dil.ie/9741

 

adj o, ā (cned) of the wounds, wound-giving; wounded : M. in cathmil c.¤ , Rawl. 82b32 . cid c.¤ a cuinsi cacht, Corm. Y 383 `scarred', Corm. Tr. 47 . gnúis ch.¤ chorcarde, TBC-LL² 4390 . righi Conaire cnedhaigh, ZCP xi 42 § 18 . do scíath c.¤ comromach, LU 10413 . a lucht in choicid chnedaig `suffering', RC xiii 42.y ( SG 362.38 ). cath c.¤ , Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 40 § 23 ( Corp. Gen. 3.9 ).

cnedaide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cnedaide or dil.ie/9742

 

adj = cnedach : cuibrend cnedaidi, LL 3424 ` sore ', Meyer Contribb.

cnedmar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cnedmar or dil.ie/9744

 

adj = cnedach : Cain c.¤ , LL 17445 . Fergal, fer cain cnedhmar `full of wounds', RC xxiv 64 § 24 . argg Connacht c.¤ `wound-dealing', Arch. Hib. ii 60 § 27 .

cnetach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cnetach or dil.ie/9757
Last Revised: 2019

 

n ā, f. (cnet) (act of) groaning, sighing: cnedach is guil is gártha (of Hell), ZCP xii 389.16 . d'ésteacht rer ndrochráitib ┐ rer n-éignib ┐ rer cneadaid ┐ rer ngalar 'to listen to the moanings and needs and groanings and sufferings of us', Stair Nic. 38.729 . c.¤ na fer ic a fulang, CCath. 5934 . tuirseach lem chneaduigh, Psalms vi 6 . gotha mo chneaduigh[e], cii 5 . As quasi-vn.: ic uchbadaig ┐ ig cneadaich, YBL 152b3 . ag tuirsi ┐ ag cneattaigh, BNnÉ 68 § 110 .

comarthach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comarthach or dil.ie/10763

 

Forms: comardach

adj o, ā (comartha). Earlier comardach.

(a) bearing signs or emblems; decorated : clārc[h]oilér cressa comart[h]aigh . . . co ndealbaib dúaibsecha dracconn, Fianaig. 84.30 . ar inneoin cherdcomartaigh adorned with emblems executed by a craftsman, LL 410a5 . flesc alaind . . . ilcomardach Aroin, BB 242a32 . inair . . . comtaracha, Cog. 162.1 .

(b) distinguished : do meic caema it comarthaig, LL 7129 . dia claind comardaigh, 386ay 0 . go céibh gcraobhthruim gcomharthaig ` stately ', O'Hara 840 .

(c) scarred, disfigured; disfiguring : na cromsróna . . . comtharrthacha, CF² 288 . cnedach, crechtach, comurtach, ZCP vi 281.30 . caoga cneadh cómharthacha báis disfiguring , ML 140.x = com-marbt[h]ach, ML² 1919 . crecht crolinnteach, comurthach `unsightly', ZCP vi 97.27 .

Adv. doben an lámh des . . . de ┐ . . . doleig uadha co comurthach é `disfigured', ZCP vi 62.21 . cinn go comh-arthach, arsanna, TSh. 6613 .

Cf. comardathach.

comramach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comramach or dil.ie/11649

 

Forms: comruimech

adj o, ā (comram). comruimech (: fuileach), IGT Decl. ex. 1168 . contentious, victorious; triumphant, trophied . Of persons: a Chú ch.¤ Cúalṅgi, TBC-LL² 1442 . ni bat comromach ar nábat miscnech, LU 3503 ( SCC 25 ) = Tec. Corm. 19.25 = ZCP xv 190 § 37 . ic a charait comramaig, Metr. Dinds. ii 30.48 . recrist comrumach, Fél.² clxxiii 3 . As sobriquet: cath do C. c.¤ , Duan. F. i 89.5 . O. . . . comhromhach, BS 112.20 .

Other applications: scíath cnedach comromach, LU 10413 . is glond catha comramaig, 8957 ( FB 71 ). for cirt chomr[a]mach Carmain `the contested right', Ériu xvii 42 § 28 . re deilb caem comrumaig, YBL 177b27 ( BB 258a16 ). comsiledh comramhach . . . mara Ioin `triumphant . . . confluence', CCath. 265 . it cill comhramhaigh trophied, Lism. L. 4210 . cu ch.¤ `a champion hound', L. Chl. S. 30 (42.y) . Compar. toíseach . . . roba crodha comhramach (leg. -aighe), Hugh Roe² 286.z .

As subst.: mo chomramaig victorious ones, LL 6154 .

1 cucht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cucht or dil.ie/13415

 

Forms: cacht

n u. See GOI § 76 . external appearance, form, shape, aspect : c.¤ ┐ (.i. v.l.) cuinnsi ┐ cruth .i. ecusc . . . cid cnedhach a cuinnsi c.¤ `his countenance (and) shape', O'Dav. 344 . cuinsi .i. . . . cid cnedach a cuinsi c.¤ (sic leg., cacht, text), Corm. Y 383 `her face (and) form', Corm. Transl. 47 . dlighidh cumal lettrian fria cuinnse c.¤ ara dínsem `the beauty of his face', Laws iv 350.5 Comm. c.¤ .i. gné, O'Cl. ar ch.¤ in (sic leg. ?, ed. p. 380, glossed .i. gne, ib.) chia `in form of the man (?)', ZCP iii 378.16 (B. na f.) = ar tucht (.i. gné) an cía, v 484 § 7 (B. na f.). duine co ce[i]ll is co c.¤ , BB 7b55 . is caem do ch.¤ , IT i 123.16 ( TE 9 ). Aed . . . ropo rigda a ch.¤ (: chnucc) `kingly of form', Metr. Dinds. iv 356.82 . Ériu v 222.41 . clí co ndeochair chuchta cain `notable for goodly shape', Metr. Dinds. iii 338.7 . B. gusun c.¤ cuimnech coir `of the model, etc. ', MacCarthy 426 .y . Attrib. g s. da trian a clainne cuchta shapely (?), LL 733 (Leb. Gab.). With transfd. meaning: ba derb la mac Luc[h]ta ille / feib do cuchta cēlmuine as from an utterance made by a wraith (?), ZCP xiv 43 § 3 ( LL 27306 ).

Conjunctional phrase: ba machtad . . . la muntir P. in c.¤ imrulaiseat how they . . . , CCath. 2653 .

Appar. colour (cf. Thurn. ad loc. cit.) in: cettemain cain ree . . . c.¤ [crann], Ériu xxii 41 § 1 `colour'. luss dosber dath no c.¤ in faciem cu mbi derg, Corm. 39 . Corm. Y 1094 . Cóir Anm. 134 (expl. of epithet Ruanaid).

In chevilles: fo ch.¤ chert in proper form, SR 2639. 3155 . fo c.¤ cain `fair of colour', Leb. Gab.(i) 16.5 .

Compds. cóeca caillech co cruth cuchtban ` fair-coloured ', Fél.² cxliii 4 . adconnairc ingin caim . . . cuchtglain, RC xxiv 272 § 3 . a cuctlí, Todd Nenn. 130.19 .

cuin(n)siu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cuin(n)siu or dil.ie/13632

 

Forms: cuindsen, chuinscliu

n f. (?) g s. cuindsen (?), Laws iv 346.11 Comm. face, countenance, aspect : coinsiu cōir corcarda lais, TBC-I¹ 3149 . cuindsiu chaem chorcarglan leis `countenance', TBC-LL² 4303 . coínso chóir chaín chorcorda lais, LU 7081 (BDD). ? sleg cuinseo corcarglan in-a gelglaicc, MU² 536 `having bright purple faces (?)', Gloss. drech curad / cúinsiu córad, LU 8612 (FB). tenniu a chuindsciu chaintocud, BDD² 1020 = chuinscliu, LU 7385 . ? iar coinsi céol ┐ clúm, 23 P 3, 17 cited Contribb. 418 . fria cuinnse cucht ara dínsem, Laws iv 350.5 Comm. dia ro taithmecht Cernodon coindse cenmatha, O'D. 2205 (Nero A vii, 142a). cuinnsi .i. aghaidh, ut est. Cearnodon ciar bo cneadhach a cuinnsi cucht .i. . . . ciar bo cnedach a chaenghnuis, O'Curry 1424 ( H 3.18, 639b ). cuinsi .i. drech, ut dicitur: cid cnedach a cuinsi cacht, Corm. Y 383 . cucht ┐ cuinnsi ┐ cruth .i. ecusc, O'Dav. 344 . cainse no caoinse .i. ághaidh, O'Cl. .x. mbruit cuinsce (chuinsi, v.l.) clithar, Ériu ii 4.17 (B. na f.).

fuil,

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fuil, or dil.ie/24792
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: fuil, fuil, folo, fola, fuili, fuile, fule, fola, folae, folo, fala, ḟala, fala, fola, folaib, fuile, fola, fala, fuil, fuile, fola, fala, fuili, fala, fuili, fuli

n i, f. (? originally n., Bretha 3 ) a s. fuil, Wb. 2b11 . d s. fuil, Tur. 128 . g s. folo, Thes. i 498.37 ( Ardm. 189b2 ). fola, Ml. 37c6 . a p. fuili, Wb. 31b21 . g p. fuile, 2b1 . Ml. 22b1 . fule, 37c4 . Later exx. g s. fola; folae, Mon. Tall. § 60 ; folo, YBL 12a49 ; fala, IGT, Decl. 181 . dondḟala , LU 6475 . dergfala , TBC-LL¹ 4141 (: cara). Forms with broad vowel are found later in pl.: a p. fola LB 141a46 , d p. folaib, LL 267b19 ; n a p. fuile fola fala IGT, Decl. § 181 . fuil (f., g s. fuile, fola, fala) §42 , § 181 ; med na bfol, méd na bfal dtēacht, § 181 . g s. fuili, ex. 1216 ; fala, 168 , 1215 . ? Also: curub fairsingi(dh) a falanna de sin (= omnia vulnera lacerata sunt), Celtica vii 175.404 , x 141 n. 1 .

(a) blood: f.¤ ... a flumine [leg. fulmine] .i. on tsaignen, ar it cosmaili im dath ┐ im deirgi datha, Corm. Y 644 . f.¤ a fuluo .i. flann derg (flannderg ? See flann, b), O'Mulc. 591 . f.¤ dar colaind, LL 7a29 . Fig. ní himmēr mo lāim ... form ḟ.¤ nach form ḟeoil fodēin, SR 1541 (cf. c below). ar dáilfe f.¤ = blood shall be shed LU 5192 . tochta fola ┐ féola trina cnedaib, TBC-LL¹ 3616 . trén atāt for tí m'ḟola, LU 1268 (= Imr. Brain ii 288 ). emeltus na fola místa, PH 5719 . rith folo, gl. dysenteria ( Acts xxviii 8 ) Thes. i 498. 37 . riuth fola, AU 763.777 . co tarlaic a bolgdéra mora fola for a dib traigthib shed great tears of blood LL 119b4 (of a horse). cíís déra ... forruada fola, 171a20 ( CRR 3 ). ro chí ... co ndēraib falae, BColm. 84.18 . roptis fola ┐ cro mo dēr of blood and gore AU 687 ( Bruchst. i § 98 ). catha ... dia mbó lán linn fola, ZCP x 344 § 16 . (banscál) derg fola red with blood ib. § 17 . (Fig.) frecrad fuli cech anmae, Ériu iii 96 § 3 , quoted by O'Dav. 1003 with gloss: f.¤ .i. pecad. In pl. of blood of more than one individual: béssti olca doesmet fuili , Wb. 31b21 . imeasorgain oc a teilgtar fuili, Laws v 476.25 . dāildis fuile, Rawl. 85b25 ( RC xxxvi 262 ) = fuli, LL 45b16 . doruachtatar fuile fodbrondai na míled, Alex. 145 . da folaib con ┐ catt, LL 267b19 ( MU² 731 ). a fulib drecon is loscend, Cog. 158.19 . atá a haghaidh ... d'ḟalaibh féinneadh dá folcadh her surface is washed by the blood of warriors TD 4.5 . But the singular noun is used in a similar context, Celtica x 141 : fri testin fola, Ml. 37 c 6 (cf. re testin fola na mmíled, LU 6438) . issnib colnidib … tuesmot a fuil 'who pour forth their blood' Cambr. 38 b .

Hence (b) an effusion of blood, a wound (generally in pl.): atait secht fuile ... feartar nācon tuillet fiachu, Laws v 142.1 . fer na fola (i.e. the wounded man) i 130.26 . nach f.¤ ales fiacha `any wound which entails fines' BCrólige 19 . f.¤ ot[h]rusa `bloodshed involving sick maintenance' 41 . bit imserga ┐ círgala ┐ fuili fordérgga i cach slúag, LU 4542 . it tromda ... na fuli formsa, 6309 . a ālta ┐ a ḟuli, TBC-LL¹ 4279 = iolgona, St. ilar fule firfitir ar Coin Culaind, LU 10384 . beti fir i fuilib de, TBC-LL¹ 1473 . it aidbli ... iar fuilib, Fél. Prol. 82 . adsluindiu a fuili I appeal by their wounds Ep. 321 . badar laich ann a fuilib, Acall. 4740 . Sing. form but pl. sense in: duba ind ḟuilse 'these wounds are severe' TBC-LL¹ 2810 , Celtica x 141 .

(c) blood = consanguinity, stock, race (freq. in later lit.) : gáel na fola blood-relationship PH 7394 . norannadh fair budhesin ┐ forsin f.¤ dia ōl he would deal it to himself and to the blood (royal) Marco P. 50 . a ríolaoigh fuile an Airdríogh of the Lord's kin A. Ó Dálaigh xxxv 3 . an Ádhamhfhuil Adam's race xv 2 . do chiontaibh ḟuile [fola v. l.] Eachoidh, TD 9.21 . d'ḟolaibh uaisle na hÉireann, 28.27 . re foluibh ísli fhuinn Luighdheach lowborn families Studies 1919, 73 . go ffuiccheadh gach aon ... aisecc a ḟola ┐ a onóra `restoration of their blood and honours' (i.e. restitution of their rights of descent) AFM vi 2182 (or could this belong to folud in sense `estate' ?).

Compds. ¤feóil flesh and blood (dvanda-compd.) : daene d'ḟuilḟeóil Adaim, LL 10b48 (= ZCP xiii 361 ) ¤glas stream of blood: fir fuilglassa de fuilib méderath, LU 5461 . Fuiliarnn n.l. TBC-I¹ 2183 . ¤iath ` bloody plain ' (v.l. fuilliath, foliath) Metr. Dinds. ii 34 (perhaps source of O'Clery's : fuiliat .i. fuileach). ¤teipersnech streaming with blood: ro siacht cnedach fuiltepersnech dochum a luinge, ITS xliv 18 § 384 (R2) .

luïd

Cite this: eDIL s.v. luïd or dil.ie/30979

 

Forms: lúth, lúad

v Orig. deponent, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 571 . Early replaced by 1 lúaidid, q.v. Moves . (trans. and intrans.) in a variety of applications; of birds flies . Mostly in archaic passages, not all of which are clear. Indic. pres. 3 s. firḟlaith cētamus, lūithir side fri cach fō, ZCP xi 97 § 59 (luther, luith er, luiter, v.l.). ? ancid sreba ar oircelaib mis glūaisit co luathar, viii 104.4 . ar cid alless issa llūam nottlūathar air, 2 . nach rí nad lui othrus druith .i. na lúiann no na forcongrann . . . no na tobhaigh `every king that does not direct(?) the sick-maintenance of a fool', O'Dav. 1182 (luidh, v.l.). Rel. urla .i. cīab, ar is for ūr lūes hī, Corm. Y 1291 . lám .i. luam iarsinní luas imon corp uli, Corm. p. 26. 3 pl. iarsin moslúat immach / Uar ┐ Aindind `fare forth', Metr. Dinds. iv 234.41 (inulsat(?), níusluat, nuslaigid, v.ll.). luait breachta a n-agaidh na ndul (láait v.l.), TBC-LL¹ 5484 . co luáit cithnella tenedh cum dúnaidh (laidhit v.l.), 5485 . Rel. laích luind lúatar claidbiu balcbéimnechu fri bibdadu `who wield' ( BDD 130 ), LU 7735 = lúath ar c., BDD² 1269 (cf. SCC 17 cited s.v. 1 lúath compds.). Impf. 1 s. ba siratech imtholtanach dano no luind dar Erind (speaker in form of a hawk) I would fly, LU 1325. 3 pl. denngor diäd ōsind insi / ar mēit tessa / inna n-anmanda, contuitis / luitis lessa, ZCP xi 152 § 48 ( Anecd. i 56 ). Subj. pres. 1 s. danam luur itir dana, nom tholfat . . . benna na n-aigi `wenn ich mich überhaupt rege ferner', TBC-LL¹ 1342. 3 s. (pass. ?) ar nī bī būadach ┐ nī bī fīachach maine luither, ZCP viii 103.25 . ? 2 pl. do rig ailig ni lúaid ni lúaid les / saigid fodess fodess dairib doss, LL 7534. Impf. 3 pl. ciambad ṡlúaig noslúitis `though hosts came to hunt them' (of cattle), Metr. Dinds. iv 70.31 . Fut. 3 s. luifith iltuatha he will move many peoples, ZCP xi 91 § 3 (laifidh, laidfeidh, laithfe, v.ll.). ? cia leth cobra (co bráth v.l.) īar cōaird cros / cossalua mo c[h]oblach cres?, ZCP x 46 § 10 (coslafea mo bachlach, cosluidfea mo coblach, v.ll.). Pret. and perf. 2 s. cor oró laimh luis .i. in cor do luadhis ót laim leic di a taithmech .i. leicc uait é cen a taithmech, O'Curry 2409 ( Eg. 88, 32 (33)a ). 3 s. luathium luis Goll a láma `Goll moved his hands most quickly', RC xiv 408 § 18 . luidhis co luath gach leath ar uair / ac[h]er impudh (of an animal moving in its skin), Anecd. i 55 § 42 (luis, v.l.). ? laithe cach lūain / lui cath cnedach fri Fergus `lieferte', Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 40.23 . In Met. Dinds. with mos-: o moslái dia tairdbe tra, / dar sál fairge `when he hastened to cut loose the ship', Metr. Dinds. ii 28.21 (mosluid (orig. moluaid), musluidh, doluidh, moluaidh, v.ll. ). moslúi sīar inna ṡide / in drúi dían `westward came rushing', 68.33 (musluid, v.l.). moslúi in t-usce úar imgel `the cold white water followed', iii 30.70 (luid, foslui, doluid, roslái, v.ll.). Note also: dí mnái Loga, roslúi ás `fruitfulness came to them', 48.7 (noslui, roslái, v.ll.). dorat B. . . . a sírgrád do Ch. . . . / diasloí for slicht a charpait `when she followed his chariot's track', iv 180.4 (musloei, muslaei, roslai, v.ll.) (-sloí allit. with slicht?). ? cia ruslui Ailbe am gradh n-glan, IT i 109.5 to which Thurn., Sc.M² 22 , prefers the reading cīas lū (: cú) referring the form to lú small thing). 3 pl. lúiset olc / buailset bassa, brúiset corp `they stirred evil', Metr. Dinds. iv 20.29 (luisit, laised, luidhset, etc. v.ll.). Cf. luisiot olc .i. do lamhsad, no do áontaighsiot olc, O'Cl. roluasetar a tri diib i nDessmumain moved, went, Anecd. iii 59.22 ( GOI p. 420 ). luisedar na hēnlaithi / sūas ar in sīdh flew up on to the `s.', ZCP v 22 § 13.

Vn. lúth, lúad.