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2 ad-cumaing

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 ad-cumaing or dil.ie/412

Forms: -acmai, -acmaicet

v A verb (*ad-com-icc-) distinct from 1 ad-cumaing (*in-com-icc-) seems indicated by the vnn. accmaing, tacmang (q.v.).? ath cumaing cach deistidh dithle, O'Curry 2497 (Eg., 40(41)c ). Prot. forms rare. Cf. subj. pres. 3 s. -acmai, O'Curry 58 ( H 3.18, 21a ) (bad spelling of -ecmai (1 ad-cumaing)?). Indic. pres. 3 pl. cia ro acmuinget mic a cain cluiche, 1585 (23 Q 6, 1 a) (deriv. of acmang? Bad spelling for ecmainget?); -acmaicet, 468 (H. 3. 18, 246).

Reaches, extends to, attains to: amail atcumaic in clí isin tegdais ō lár co clēithi sic adcomaic airechas in grādha so dianad ainm clí, Corm. Y 275 (= Corm. p. 10 ), cf. Laws iv 358.23 Comm. mad sligi adcumaid (leg. adcuma, ZCP xviii 326 ) ó thír co flaith, Laws iv 278.18 . ? cid duine ada drochma, O'D. 1975 ( Eg. 90, 9(10)a ) (?ada-d-ro-chma, Plummer MS. notes). roth n-óir isin brut . . . adcomaic húa smech cóa imlind, LU 7361 ( BDD² 1000 ). flesc . . . adcomced midlisse in tige, 8736 . atcumaing .i. rainic, ut est Táin; atcumaing iarum Cu Chulainn an abhann, Ériu xiii 64 § 39 . ?uair atacumang sa sein uile `thou art able (to do) all that' (lit. attainest to?), CCath. 4056 (cf. con-icc).

ad-intai

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-intai or dil.ie/473

v (*ad-in-so-) ?Indic. pres. 3 s. with refl. inf. pron.: ataninntai C. coa muindtir, ZCP iii 254 § 77 = atonintoi `he then returned ', RC xi 450.z .

adnacul

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adnacul or dil.ie/509

Forms: ad-anaig, annlacad, adlacad

n o, n. Later m. Vn. of ad-anaig. Later also annlacad (-an), adlacad. See adnacad.

(a) act of burying; burial, funeral: intain diagma-ni fo baithis is cosmulius a adnacuil ┐ a báis dúnni, Wb. 3a15 . im nemtiachtain do a.¤ na flatha, Laws i 186.19 Comm. a n-airet beas ac adhnacul ┐ ac idhnacul adhaltraighi, v 308.5 Comm. dia timna a adhnucal la athuir, iii 66.13 Comm. logh a adhnaccail díc funeral fees, O'D. 2341 ( Rawl. 506 fo. 38 ). ba bes lasna geinti a n-adnacal fo n-armaib, Trip.² 803 . a chuid dona cluichib do denam, comad moidi onoir ind n-adnocail, TTebe 2581 . na cuirp d'annlucudh, Stair Erc. 2200 . comberim linn ē don Brugh / ann is coír a annlucud, ZCP xiii 245.8 . a adlacad a Slicech, Ann. Conn. 1386 § 2 . ar cionn chorp . . . dá nadhlacan, SG 8.10 .

(b) grave, sepulchre: a.¤ nersoilcthe gl. sepulcrum patens, Ml. 22a11 . amal da marb i n-a.¤ , Wb. 20c26 . frisna fíradnacla, Ml. 83d3 . sírbuith i nadnaclaib, 69a8 . fri taeb adnacuil Abeil, SR 2224 . scailtir in carnd, taidbegar int a.¤ , Trip.² 1872 . frisna adnacula i n-adnaictis, Corm. Y 606 . ni chumdaigem adnocla na duma for marbu, Alex. 902 . ní eli ata san andlacadh, ZCP xi 140.8 . ca raibe an t-andluicedh sin, 6 . a timcill an adlaic[th]i comcruind, Maund. 69 .

(c) dirge, funeral song: ba hé a hannacol Maic Con indíeid a drúith, RC xiii 460 § 61 . ba hé a hannacol Saidbe . . . `mairg damsa de', § 62. Cf. annḟocal.

(d) Various: tri ced bairghen co ma tri / cios cairpri sin don airdri / gacha bliadhna lith gan locht / 'sa adhlacadh coa ardport and that it should be conveyed (?) to his chief residence, ZCP viii 116.5 . cach nadnacal cona urtechta imnai do eclais `grant', Laws iii 42.14 . caite techta cach adnacail o thuaith . . . imna ocairech tri seoit . . ., 18 (cf. idnacul).

1 ainfine

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ainfine or dil.ie/1345
Last Revised: 2019

n (fine) stranger kindred, foreign people: ni techta anfine dith ar fine, Laws v 438.21 . ni techta . . . for-do-tuigaidter anfine ┐ micoraib, 462.4 . co berar i fine fer anfine, O'Curry 2051 (H. 4.22, 62b). amal aithaba isin fochlucht mac na mná drúithi diluither a n-ucht na hanfine, Ériu xi 48.22 . mac faosma d'a.¤ , Laws iv 256.2 Comm. dar cend [ḟ]ini tuas ┐ dar ainb[f]ini sund, v 412.5 Comm. tar cend saercheili ┐ anfine ata so, 244.9 Comm. rachaidh a ferand o fine na denann in gaire do anfine do ne in gaire, i 138.11 Comm. caogat itir geilfine ┐ a.¤, caogat itir gach da a.¤ gráidh eclasa, O'D. 756 ( H 3.17, c. 545 ). abb anfine fort a stranger abbot over thee (a curse), Fél.² clxxxv 5 . tocumlúat anfini coa nemthe nert, LU 3480 ( SCC § 25 ). mairg fhaemus a a.¤ / mairg mhórus a mhogduine, SG 373.8 . a thír, a fonn ina fine / co nach treabhdais ainffine, BNnÉ 253 § 210 . ar etualang . . . echtrann ┐ ainfini, MR 96.4 . raghmaitne tre clar Midhe / os innti ata in ainmhfhine, Caithr. CC 53 § 91 . do chur ainbhfine a hUisneach, TD 27.36 . críoch ainglidhe fá n-iadh tonn / fá riar ainbhfine eachtronn, TSh. 5367 ( Measgra D. 52.56 ). ag imdhíten a athardha ar ainffine eachtrand, AFM vi 1906.6 . Of an individual: Conchobhar magMide maith / nochorb anbfine int ardflaith, Rawl. 164b3 . In extended senses: na apstail roindarbsat . . . brīg anbfine cech īdail, ZCP xiii 16.32 . go raibh an mhuir fliuch fuar . . . go n-iomad éisc et ainbhfine `weird creatures', Ó Bruad. ii 60.3 . dár sgrios ainbhfine a hÉirinn 'he banished pagans from Ireland', Giolla Brighde 196 § 22 (of St Patrick).

airgaire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airgaire or dil.ie/2006
Last Revised: 2013

io, n. Vn. of ar-gair. (a) act of prohibiting, preventing, hindering; prohibition, check: mandati .i. ropo fochonn gnímo don peccad a n-irgaire the commandment was the occasion of the committing of the sin, Wb. 3c23 . na gníu-sa iár n-airgairiu gl. nam peccatum occas[i]one accepta per mandatum seduxit me, 30 . do irgairiu étrith, 9d1 . do irgairiu cotulta, 25c12 . ergairi cech uilc, Ml. 35c11 . do ergairi neich dia muntair, 48c5 . dia nergairiu do denum huilc, 125a7 . forfeimdes a hergaire i.e. nobody could hinder Balaam from blessing the host, SR 4808 . both oc claide R. . . . dachúas ó Pátraic dia ergairi, Trip.² 2265 . ? ni maithi dam-sa fognam nadnaca ar nimdlegar argaire resíu rogenainn, ZCP xii 365.13 . na dearnais imadall in domnaich dar ar n-urgairi, YBL 118b42 . aurgaire clame, nem-comrac ria i naimsir comberta, O'D. 2373 ( Rawl. B. 506, fo. 45a ). lecud creice cen urgaire, Laws v 366.14 . doluid S. índiaid a dalta dia ergaire ar na tessed ín targraig to prevent him from going, BB 409b40 . ni fairgéba-su ar do cind . . . ergaire mórslúaig bas inraici one better fit to check a great host, LU 4843 (TBC). do tháet G. do aurgairi Ch. (in order to avert a curse), ZCP iii 208.9 . blīadan lān dond filid . . . oc sinnad ┐ oc ainmed Lagen ┐ 'coa n-urgairiu co nā roāsair fēr preventing grass from growing, Otia ii 86 § 3 . dogen-sa urgaire do mucc-su conna pat metha ce beit for mess, IT iii 244.20 . arghaire .i. bacáil nó crosadh, O'Cl. See turgaire. (b) restraint, match (through sexual intercourse), sexual satisfaction : secht mna dia ergaire mani thairsed Flidais 'seven women to curb him ' Ériu iv 26 § 13 . is ferr erghaire (erguiri) uainn best among us at restraining (men) Ériu v 209 n. , ZCP lv 73, 83, 87 .

? airṡelb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? airṡelb or dil.ie/2395

n fo a urṡeilb oa bund coa mullach corbo marb a leth laith gaile, LL 14244 .

baithis, baithes, bathais

Cite this: eDIL s.v. baithis, baithes, bathais or dil.ie/5268
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: baithis, batis, baitse, baiste, bhaistte, baithius, bathais, baithes, bathais, baithis, baithis, baithes, baitsi, baithis

n m. and f. (Lat. baptisma, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 220 ) a s. baithis, Thes. ii 242.10 (Ardm.). g s. batis, LU 2998 (H). baitsi, Trip.² 76. baitse, Ériu xx 160.7 . na baiste , Trip.² 97. in bhaistte , Lism. L. 2835. d s. baithius, Wb. 12c39 . bathais, Blathm. 170. baithes m., IGT Decl. § 38 (87.20) . bathais baithis f., § 150 .

(a) baptism; the order of baptism, the baptismal rite; in looser sense, faith, creed: cerudglanta (leg. -glante ? edd.) tri bathis, Wb. 4a6 . tre baithis, 14c19 . tris in iris fosissetar i mbathis, Tur. 43. husce . . . asa ndénad in bathis, Trip.² 91. ro erlég in mbathais, 94 . baithes Pátraic faith, religion, Fél. Apr. 5. bathes már Maicc Maire, Jan. 6 (bathais, baithis, baithes, v.ll.). Pól i mbathis brethae, 25 . tria muir na baisti ┐ na der[g]martra, BColm. 104.22 . baithes ┐ comna, Laws iii 32.30 . o baithiss by baptism (a name), LL 371c3 . ro tréigsiot . . . a mbaithis Críostaídhachta, TFrag. 126.19 . téit fo baithis is baptised, is named: intain diagmani fo baithis, Wb. 3a15 . Tur. 55. ceni teisi fo bhathais `though he had not been given a name', Blathm. 668 (MS). Cf. in drema bui cen baitssed riam . . . tancutar chuice fo bathis, PH 247. do-beir baithis (do) baptises: ar ba Patric dubert baithis du Ch., Thes. ii 242.10 (Ardm.). Cf. nī mad tardad baithis tonn / tairthī caithis ind-úairib, ZCP xii 296 § 4.

Attrib. g s. Pátraic . . . athair baitsi ┐ creitme fer nErenn, Trip.² 76. mo c[h]enn battsi, BColm. 82.28 . Eoin baitsi John the Baptist, Lism. L. 3325. Eoin Baisde (: gaisde), Dán Dé xiii 7 . IGT Introd. 14.29 . comus ṗingni baisdi baptism fee, Hy Maine 78.7 . bond baistte (a tribute payable to clergy), BNnÉ 265 § 230 . screaball baithis Pádraig, Keat. iii 377.

As quasi-vn. oc baithis na hi Brigti, Vita Br. 2. a mbai Patraic oc bathis Lugne, Trip.² 827.

Of a heathen rite: gur chansat an mbaithis ngeintlidhe, Cóir Anm. 251 (p. 392.29) . atbert in drui triasin ṁbaithis . . ., ZCP ii 134 § 5.

(b) By association crown of the head: mullach cinn .i. a baites, Bretha § 2A . ó mullach mo baisti / go hingin mo coisi, Laud 615, 55 (cited Contribb. 187 ). o bathis coa bunn, LL 30592. o bhonn go bháthais, TBC-LL¹ p. 369 n. 5 (H, Eg.) = o mullach co talmain, text. in baithis gl. uerticem, Gild. Lor. 248. in baithes gl. cephale, 83 . benais a bricín da baithis ┐ sgáilis a folt, Fianaig. 72.30 . robuail builli . . . a mbathais an doirrseora, ZCP vi 276.14 . mo chathbarr . . . / gach én gébus má baithis / ní bia fó aithis móile, SG 248.26 . gríos beo do bháidh ar dtreise / do-cháidh tre bheo ar mbaitheise cut us to the quick, DDána 81.1 . bonn a chos ris an aird soir ┐ a bhaitheas ris an aird siar, TSh. 5758. For the phr. lann baithise the fontanelle , see 1 lann.

bél

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bél or dil.ie/5607
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: beoil, beóil, beolu, beula, beulu, belu, bélib, i mbeolu

n o, m. g s. beoil, Sg. 14a16 . n p. beóil, Wb. 7d9 . a p. beolu, Wb. 3b11 , beula (gl. ora), Ml. 19c9 . beulu, 35d22 . belu, Thes. ii 251. 16 . d p. bélib, Wb. 7d10 . b.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 61.

I

(a) In some exx. explicitly lip , in pl. lips, but here usually mouth: don b.¤ gl. labio, Ir. Gl. 107. Gild. Lor. 139 § 40. tri beulu dlútai gl. fixis labris (17), Sg. 6a18 . ni radi ní trí thalmaidchi, amal dundchuirethar inna beulu as it rises to his lips (`as he takes it into his lips'), Ml. 35d22 . anasberaid hó bélib `what ye utter with (your) lips', Wb. 7d10 . anasbérat mo beiúil, 12d12 . (of a hag) tacmaicced a b.¤ íchtarach coa glún, LU 6828 (BDD). i socraidi labrait biuil (: Iúil), 3875 ( SCC 38 ). niamdai a beóil partardeirg (partuingdeirg, v.l.) her crimson lips, IT i 69.8 . ( LMU 4 ). co ṅditned a srona ┐ a beolu `so that it protected his nostrils and his lips' (but perh. transl. nose . . . mouth), CCath. 5265. folcuit a n-aighti uile lena mbélaib úachtair upper lips, Maund. 176. beoil lethna thick lips, Marco P. 187. cúiseach bind asa bēalaibh `sweet piping from her lips', Ériu iv 174.15 . maille siabhradh beóil ( = labium . . . pervertatur), 23 K 42 , 54.14 . do scoltad an croimbeoil ┐ in béil iocht[a]ir of chapping of the upper and lower lip, O'Gr. Cat. 191.z . baile .i. maith . . . digbail dubha baile bel .i. is maith í o belaib no i mbel `from lips or in mouth', O'Dav. 224. (in application of an incantation) imbir in da mér . . . it bélaib, Thes. ii 249.11 . doberar in salann i mbelu `the salt is put into the mouth', 251.16 . asoilgg a bēolu . . . combo ecna a [g]inchrāes, TBC-I¹ 396. (of a witch) a beóil for leith a cind her mouth in the side of her head, BDD² 540 . gebid dano cenn in tarra ina béolu, Sc.M² 17.6 . do-lleblaing int éicne ara chend, ┐ gabsus inna béulu took it in its mouth, TBFr. 209. an tan immoro no berid an leg laun ina beolu `when he used to put the ladle full into his mouth', RC xii 86 § 91. nicon acca beolu eich / amal beolu ín liathainigh, IT iii 68.2 . inbat budig do bēoil do shainól ┐ do shainait, MacCongl. 77.4 . secht traigid eter a ó ┐ a beolo . . . ┐ secht n-artim inna bélaib, Ériu iv 26.9 , 10 . acht nad neibre dod belaib nama `although thou hast not said so by word of mouth', Laws iv 108.1 Comm. cuit mo b.¤ (term of endearment), LL 18576.

(b) mouth in sg.: sróin súil b.¤ , Ardm. 434a marg. (220va). i cinaid do laime, do sula, do thengad, do beil, Laws i 156.32 . issin ṁb. tacras sin in the mouth that asserts that, MU² 369. laech . . . belmar . . ., meit a beil beolu eich, TBC-LL¹ 5400 n.4 . fuil rochuiread tara bel ┐ dara sroin, TTebe 2414 . beiris i n-a bheōl . . . ar lampa airgit seized a silver lamp in its mouth, Fl. Earls 138.1 . Note also: na beula gl. ora, the mouths (?), Ml. 19c9 . Fig. gá tarbha an béal do bheith lais / 's an intinn in-a éagmhais, Dán Dé xxii 20 . an b.¤ dúnta as eadh budh ḟearr better be silent, IGT Decl. ex. 1285. Prov. is binn beál ó bheith iadhta, Dánfhocail 55 . By metonymy person : cerd cach ṁb. .i. eladu cech duni do ḟoglaim ar dáig forcitail caich (`art for every mouth', RC xxvi 22 § 62 ), LL 24410. crochadh ar bh.¤ na bréige! `perdition (lit. a hanging) to him who tells the lie' (Gloss.), LBranach 1072 . b.¤ na psalm (nickname of St. Fintan), Mart. Don. Mar. 27. Grigoir Béil óir `Gregory the golden-mouthed', BNnÉ 172 § 16 .

(c) In phrases: derg-mír i mbélaib lit. red (raw) morsel in (the) mouth apparently of property illegally acquired or attached: atait tri deirg-mireanda naidet usa a mbelaib cacha hecalsa (glossed: is indligthech do'n eclais a ngabail cuichi o belaib, 432.3 Comm. ), Laws v 430.22. at-ballat, ¤bailet (a) béoil with poss. or foll. subj. gen., see at-bail(l): co n-aplat a beoil i mmbron (leg. mbrōn ?) ┐ toirrsi `they perish', Ériu ii 114 § 38. Note also: bás fort béolu, Fing. R. 72 `death on your head!' RC xiii 378.11 .

(d) Of the mouth as the source of speech: iss ed bói i mbēlaib cáich this was the common talk, ZCP viii 317.26 . go rabhadar na lán béil ┐ buanteanga ag gach aon that they were a continual subject of conversation to everyone, RC xiv 28 § 6. lán beóil don ríoghfhuil Bhranoigh, LBranach 3581 . budh lán beoil an Brianachsoin, Studies 1925, 253 § 6 .

By extension word(s) ; subject of talk : fer na ropeccaig o bel na o gnim `in word or deed', Ériu v 20.2 . idna beoil integrity of speech, LL 3901. roiarfaided o Fiachroig Muillethan . . . dia belaib his advice was asked by F., ZCP xiv 156.14 . gurab mó do theagascdaois . . . ó theagasc beoil ioná ó scríbhinn by traditional instruction, Keat. ii 976. (explanation of the name of Eogan B.) b.¤ cach tuaithi ina thimchell `the mouth [i.e. the acclamation] of every country round about', SG 64.z . b.¤ cach flatha ina lenub / ar ó Fiachrach foltlebur, 65.2 . In phr. breth a b.¤ féin self-judgment, -doom: atetha breth do b.¤ (sic leg.) féin duit, RC xiv 430.8 . co tucsat Gaill breth a beoil fein d'O Neill, AU ii 270.8 . In adv. phrase ó óen-b.¤ unanimously: o aen bel, PH 7233. dh'aoinbheul, Luc. Fid. 2856. Legal. cor b.¤ , see 1 cor 12.

II Applied to various things resembling lips or mouth .

(a) edge, rim ; mouth of cavity, orifice, opening : b.¤ gaili, a mbél an gaile ( = orificium stomachi), RSláinte 3698. do fínégra ar b.¤ an gaile `on the pit of the stomach', O'Gr. Cat. 193.25 . b.¤ cridi (used as term of endearment): a bél mo chraidi, ACL iii 243 § 24. edge, opening of wounds: bador beoil na ccneth ag claoi a cheile, ZCP x 292.9 . a lomma cro ic teprisin dar belaib na n-alad batar fair, Grail 685 . rucc b.¤ na cneidhe chum a chéile ┐ ticc sele fuirre, ITS xvi 42.13 . Other applications: co fil āit a beōil isin c[h]loich fóss ann `the mark of its rim (i.e. of a bell) is still there in the stone', BColm. 64.9 . sileadh deór rúadh ar ruisgne / mur uisge a beól (mbéol v.l.) úar eisci like water out of a vessel (?), IGT Decl. ex. 1081. mé is b.¤ na cróine ar mo chind, ex. 81 . lase foruillecta beóil in chalich di mil, Wb. 7d9 . īadais indala sūil . . . asoilg alaile comba mor bēolu fidchōich as large as the orifice of a wooden bowl (?), TBC-I¹ 395. b.¤ dabcha ele 'na b.-si anúas (of one vat turned over another), BColm. 72.6 . (of a bag for chess-men) a ferbolc, is amra sceúil / de ór imdernta a beúil opening (`rim'), Fianaig. 14.22 . go bhfuilti claoidthe . . . a mbeul an tsaic (of opponents silenced in controversy), Luc. Fid. 4127. béil a ngunnadh `the muzzles of their guns', Rel. Celt. ii 194.11 . (of prongs of pincers) do briseadh teanncuir an ghobhann, ┐ an t-īarann dearg 'na beal `with the red-hot iron in its jaws', ZCP ii 562.30 . beola crot ┐ bolg ┐ buinne `mouths of harps and bags and pipes', RC xii 108 § 163. the eye of the upper millstone (Studies on Early Ireland 16 ) : iss e sin doberimsi a mbel in muilinn si, RC xiv 52 § 62. upper of shoe: bróg tar teach do teilgeadh leam . . . nar bhean tall a b.¤ fa a bonn `a shoe whose upper was detached from its sole was thrown at me' (Notes), Bard. Synt. Tr. 2.z.

(b) Further extended applications: mén mara .i. bel na mara, O'Cl. ( mēn .i. bēl, Corm. Y 948 ). fri beolu mara, Trip.² 1581 ( = in sinu maris, Lat. Lives 33 § 25 ). dá thraigid .x. lethet a b.¤ the width of its opening (an earthwork), Críth G. 571. (of Tara) deis fri Banba, b.¤ fri Bóin `her front towards the Boyne', Ériu iv 92 § 3. tir cen beula without entry, Corm. Y 674 ( Corm. 22 ). tir cin toin cin beolu bis itir da ferunn cin conair `ingress', Laws iv 158.14 Comm. cuiris comla dar a b.¤ (a well), Metr. Dinds. iii 326.19 . triall istech tar beolu na hecuilsi `threshold of the church', Marco P. 173. léigthear suas beoil na bruighne `portcullis', Aithd. D. 3.19 . siar go b.¤ na sráide `the entrance of the street', AFM ii 900.2. Of gunwale of a ship: chuir iad am beòil mhòr re chèile, SGS xviii 107.1 .

III In phrases with prepp.

(a) prepositional. With A: crithre sin a beól (mb. v.l.) bhruithne sparks from boiling heat (?), IGT Decl. ex. 1296.

With AR (FOR): huare romboi ar belaib tempuil `in front of the Temple', Ml. 48d8 . ar beolu diabuil `before the Devil', Wb. 3b11 . gontai Cūchulaind, co tabrad a marb ara (ar, LU) bēolu a brāthar, TBC-I¹ 1637. ar belaib ind ríg ( = in conspectu regis), Lat. Lives 10.8 . arbelaib (.i. a fiadnaise) fer nErenn, ACL iii 14 § 31. finta cia as toisech fodla ┐ ar a ndentar bélaib `before whom it is made', RC xiii 446 § 26. cathair . . . for bel ḟasaigh dhimhoir `at the edge of a great desert', Marco P. 20. dán bog ar bh.¤ na slighiodh `on the open road', Studies 1918, 617 § 5 .

Freq. of replacing in kingship, headship, etc. one who had the normal claim, before, in preference to, in place of : rogab F. righe ara belaib, RC xvii 233.32 (Tig.). gabais C. flaith ar belaib a athar, Ériu iii 142.4 . an crioch do ghabail for a belaibh `to snatch . . . the country away from him', Leb. Gab.(i) 226.5 . mar tugadh ceannas na slógh / ar bhéal Éibhir d'Éireamhón `to Ê. rather than to Ê.', Content. xvi 33. With verbs of coming, etc. do-tét indḟine ar beolu de(i)rbḟine `the ` indḟine' comes in front of (i.e. is preferred to) the `derbḟine', Ériu xvii 64 § 3 ( Laws iv 206.7 ). D. . . . do beith ag dol ar bélaibh a athar `attempted to depose', AFM vi 1891.1 . an tánaiste do theacht ar beulaibh mic tighearna an fhuinn `that the tanist takes precedence of', Keat. i 66.6 . dul fora mbelaibhsiomh `to anticipate them', Hugh Roe² 172.2 .

With FRI (RE) before, at, close to; on the point of : fri beolu báis on the point of death, Fél. 74.19 . cen bith ria mbeolu oc airiuc thuili dóib not to be close to them, Fing. R. 432. ag so anois an bás rem bhéal close to me, Dánta Gr. 63.15 . re béal a theachta don toigh `before its reception' (of the Blessed Eucharist), Dán Dé xviii 2 . cosg fiabhrasa re b.¤ mbáis, Studies 1919, 613 § 12 .

With I N- i mbeolu, i mbeól, i mb.¤ before : in bo boi 'na beola sin `that was in front of her', Dinds. 142.10 . a mbeol an dunaidh `in front of the fort', BNnÉ 187 § 27 . do-chífe bárc a mbeól chúain `in the harbour's mouth', Ériu ix 168 § 46. towards, to : do-bhir im béal teachtaire `He sends a messenger to fetch me', Aithd. D. 83.3 . sgath dealg 'na beol muna bheath `had not the thorn-points been in the way', 95.20 . over, across : seolais iarsin Brenainn . . . i mbéolu (a mbhél, v.l. , = for beluibh, Lism. L. 3590 ) in aiccéin iongantaigh, BNnÉ 97 § 5. Note also: ro herbad da oclach lais da chur i mbeolu na tuinne to cast it (an infant) upon the sea (?), LL 14623 ( ZCP xii 273.17 ). do chur a mb.¤ mara ┐ mor-fhairrge set adrift on the open sea, KMMisc. 313.13 . a mbēl na h-oibre at the beginning, ML² 1.15 . i mbeol airechtais at the very beginning of sovereignty (?), Ann. Conn. 1410.2 . ni ḟuil amuigh gidh seól síth / crích nach fuil a mbeól a bláith, IGT Decl. ex. 992 . i mbéal a tharbha do thoigheacht, Aithd. D. 25.4 .

With TAR: tar béolu out of : adre amach dar beolu in duin, Marco P. 23.

(b) Adverbial. With FOR (always with possessive) on the face, face downwards : for a mbeulu gl. prone, Ml. 131b6 . tairniud form béolu bend face downwards, LL 36766 = Goid. 180.10 = Fél.² cv 8. an corp bis ina rogad ar in talmain for a beolu, RC xv 491 § 31. tolduid iarum taurtaim fair fora beolu `a trance fell upon him, as he lay on his face', Mon. Tall. 155.15 . (of a collapsing house) amal ro clóenad a thech conda tarla for a lethbeólu uli, LU 8382 ( FB 25 ). (of a cup) rohimpa iarum Patraic in copan fora beolu upside down (?), Anecd. iii 35.9 . b.¤ ar b.¤ , ó bé(o)l go b.¤ face to face : truagh gan sinne bel ar bel, TTebe xv 7 (scribe's note). (of a bird-decoration) ealta 's a mbeoil béal ar bhéal, Aithd. D. 9.7 . ag labhairt libh beul ar bheul (os ad os, 3 Joh. 14 ), Eochairsg. 15.30 . go labradh se riss ó b.¤ go b.¤ `face to face', ZCP xi 118.2 ( BCC 236 ). meic ollamhan Innsi Fáil / . . . / god choimhreic ó bheól go b.¤ `repeating thee from mouth to mouth' (i.e. the contents of a manuscript Gaelic Miscellany), Studies 1919, 440 § 12 . adeirid o bheol go beul they say so currently, Luc. Fid. 4088.

With IAR N- iar mbélaib (contrasted with iar cúlaib): i ngilfine iar mbelaib, amuil atá athair ┐ mac ┐ ua ┐ iarmua ┐ innua co cuicer; ┐ geilfini iar culaib .i. brathair thathar, ┐ mac co cuicer beos `in the direct line', Laws ii 160.z Comm.

(c) In fig. phrase do-ní a b.¤ re turns to, seeks help from : do-ghén . . . mo bh.¤ ré seabhcaibh Saxan `I will turn my face to', Studies 1924, 242 § 11 .

Note also: muna thí dhíom bas rem béal unless I can keep a guard on my lips, Dán Dé ix 4 . a-tá 'gan chol bas rem béal `raises its hand against me', xxiii 31 . In nn. loc. see Hog. Onom.

Compds. With nouns. ¤braise: feib atféd mo bhélbraisi `eloquence', Leb. Cert.² 164 § 9. ¤deirge: beildeirge redness of lips, Prolegomena 43 § 26 . ¤étan: (of a charioteer) dara béletan mouth and forehead (?), LL 24905. ¤mod manner of speaking (?): caistidh ria bēlmod, ACL iii 307 § 28 ( Measgra Uí Chl. 153 ). ¤proicept traditional teaching, tradition : bēalphroceapta nó teagusg bheōil na n-absttal, Mac Aingil 5949 . béulphroicheapta asbaltha ┐ eagalsa, Desid. 4942. With vnn. ¤chengal: ar mbélcengal a mbeochréchtadh when their fresh wounds had been sewn up, Caithr. Thoirdh. 124.7 . ¤tuidme: fiacuil .i. fia figo . . . fiacuil didiu bēl-t. fastening for the mouth, O'Mulc. 507.

With adjj. ¤balb: do piastaibh bel-balba `dumb-mouthed', Ériu iii 164 § 20. ¤binn: longphort . . . bíthe bēilbhinn melodious (?), Butler Poems 556 and n. ¤blasta of excellent sound : (of `Gaedelg,' the language) in berla b.¤ bind, LL 17716. B. blaith belblasta well-spoken (of a hand-maid), BB 237a2 . ¤buide yellow-lipped : (of a famine-stricken appearance) ina n-ímágib b.¤ nochtḟiaclacha, LB 154b61 . In n. pr.: Eochaid Bēlbuidi, ZCP viii 274.1 . ¤chamm crooked-mouthed : la hUnchi mbrúachda mb.¤(-mall, v.l.), Metr. Dinds. iii 98.6 . ¤cherr: in senBodb Barchi b.¤ `wry-mouthed', Metr. Dinds. iv 338.20 . ¤chert: mo dhaltán búilid béilchert `right-spoken', SG 190.7 . ¤chorcra crimson, red-lipped : belchorcra banamla detgela, TTebe 730 . ¤chráibhthech hypocritical : Content. vi 270. ¤chumang narrow-mouthed, having a narrow opening, entry : a crocan (leg. corcán ?) belchumang narrow-necked, Lia Fáil iii 122.20 ( 23 P 10 ³, 11b7 ). ar na bernadhaibh bélchumhgaibh, AFM v 164.22 . ¤derg red-lipped, red-mouthed (in good and bad sense): buriud berna Baidbi béldergi, LL 10872 ( = TBC-LL¹ 4024 ). na brithemain bēilderga `red-mouthed brehons' ( = severe in judgement ?), Ériu iii 30 § 7. cáinead in barrchais béilderg `the curly-headed red-lipped fellow', iv 216.20 . F. file m. Oengusa Bēlde[i]rg, ZCP viii 326.1 . ¤dub black-mouthed : comairge b.¤ becenech `a black-mouthed guarantor of small honour', Tec. Corm. § 33.2 . a curaig blaithe belduba `black-prowed', Ériu viii 10.36 . sgéala libh go báirc mbéalduibh `tidings to your black-decked barque', RC xlix 173 § 32. ¤ḟairsi(u)ng wide-mouthed, having a wide entrance : .l. bléide buabaill belḟairsiuṅg, LL 7292. ro cóirged bruidin brotla bélfairsing `wide-doored', Fianaig. 70.31 . ¤ḟota long-lipped : D. b.¤ , LL 354c64 . a mbíala belfhoda `wide-edged', Hugh Roe² 174.24 . ¤ginach: na trī badhbha bēl-ginacha three witches with gaping mouths, ML² 1585. ¤glicc: mo bhreath bheilghlic gan bhine `my skilled oral judgement', Keat. ii 1287. ¤lethan broad-doored : ós bruidin béllethoin, SG 230.24 . ¤lúath hasty of speech : 'ná bheith baoth beul-luath aig teagasg cách, De Imit. 13.24 . ¤maith: C. b.¤ `C. Fair-lips', Metr. Dinds. iii 324.11 . ¤mall slow of speech : la hU. mbruachdha mbelmhall, BB 365b37 . ¤remor thick-lipped, big-mouthed : belremur bolcsuilech, LU 8516 ( FB 37 ). badhbh béil-reamhar, TSh. 6623. ¤ṡalach foul-mouthed : Badb birach belsalach, RC xxiv 52.1 . ¤scaílte wide open; split open ; scattered : i mbrudin bronnḟarsing bélscailti, RC xiv 414 § 28. ina mbuidhnib bega bélsgāilte, Fianaig. 54.4 . (of a cast-up ship) go ndéantar blogha béal-sgaoilte dhi, TSh. 735. ¤tais with soft, moist lips : an chuideachta chuanna bhuadhach bheóltais (of fair women), Hackett xxvi 57 . ¤tana: go mbiailibh blathsnaoighte b.¤ `thin-edged battle-axes', AFM vi 2126.25 . ¤tirim: bérla breganta beoiltirm (spoken) with a dry mouth, O'Gr. Cat. 518.30. ¤trúag: na bid fri baisi ṁbeltrúaig poor-mouthed (?), SR 3890.

See béillic, bélaites, bélscál, bélscálán, bélscáth.

bolgán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bolgán or dil.ie/6358
Last Revised: 2013

n o, m. (1 bolg) belly, midriff; middle, centre; bag: bolgan .i. buillscén no meadhón, O'Cl. ro ghabh nathraigh mbí ar b.¤ (bolccán, v.l.) ina glaic `by the belly', CCath. 4194. peata reithe . . . ┐ bolgān glē-geal aige, Feis Tighe Chonáin 508. In comic name: meic bolgāin buic bánghlain ` midriff ', MacCongl. 35.4 . gearán . . . na ttonn . . . re taobhaibh ┐ re bolgánaibh na leathánluinge bulging sides, Dhá Sgéal Art. 1050. go bronn-lár nó go b.¤ na bruidhne sin `very centre' (Vocab.), TSh. 6649. coa mbolganaib up to their shafts (?) (of spears), LL 10005 ( TBC-LL¹ 2952 ). ras-gabastar chuci ara balcb.¤ (a spear), TTr. 962 ( LL 31773 ). ar bolganaib a slegh ┐ ar imdornaib a cloidem, Ériu viii 32.23 . an b.¤ soighiod = quiver, Isaiah xvii 6.

In phr. b.¤ belc(h)e, see belc(h)e.

brechtad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. brechtad or dil.ie/6639

vn. formation from brecht. act of variegating, chequering, breaking uniformity of: amair dochuaid dono b.¤ De for duilib how God gave diversity to the elements (?), YBL 84b9 . Transfd.: nosgib fona Troianaib coa mbrectad ┐ cerbad smashing them, BB 439b15 . do brud ┐ do bith b.¤ in domain `finally shiver the . . . world', Cog. 180.3 .

brostad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. brostad or dil.ie/7003

Forms: brosdadh

vn. of brostaid. brosdadh (-ód proscr. form), IGT Verbs § 80. act of urging, inciting, stirring up, stimulating; stimulation: brosdadh, béodhadh etc. `to stir up', Eg. Gl. 69. no bīth M. coa mb.¤ dia tignaccal inciting them, Fing. R. 897. acht atá ní nidam laindsea lánbrostud ar nech etir da indsaigid I do not wish to urge anyone to assail it, LL 31770 ( TTr. 959 ) = nimtasa lanb.¤ , etc., BB 431a11 . cona frecraidis a spor[ad] nó a mbrostud `goading' (horses), CCath. 3138. ré brostud na m-briathar sin, MR 140.3 . ig brosdud (: cosdud) na mBrefneach, Magauran 3607 . ag brosdadh ar chlúimh na gcleath hastening the ripening of corn on the stalks, DDána 106.22 . gabh do bhrosdadh, nā bí ad chodladh, SGS iv 138 § 3. dom brosdúdh (: fosdúdh) i gceann ó gC. `arousing me against', Content. vii 2. In cheville: buan brostud, LL 18037.

See brostugad.

bunadas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bunadas or dil.ie/7452

Forms: -ais, -asa, bunus

n u, m. (bunad). m. (g s. -ais, -asa), IGT Decl. § 38. bunus, L. Chl. S. 3. origin, source. Freq. of families, tribes, peoples: rob ēn-aicme iar mbunudas iad, Ériu ii 180.21 . b.¤ diamair a dind (viz. Banba), Ériu x 76 § 3. do eagla go ndiongnadh C. biataigh iar mbunadhas dhíobh permanent betaghs (?), ML 118.17 . do réir a mbunadhusa, TSh. 2506. do batar fir Alban ga radha gor leo fen a mbunadhus that they were of independent origin (?), BCC 318. Of animals: trian do c[h]ethra bes a b.¤, on innuide (leg. indud, Ed.), `von dem es abstammt', Stud. in E. Ir. Law 28 § 10 ( Laws ii 362.23 ).

In other contexts: bunadsi scél gl. fabulís, Wb. 27d21 . bunadhas gach sgéil `from the beginning', Ériu v 86.21 . d'eagla a meallta a mbunadhus an fhocuil genuine form of the word (?), IGT Introd. § 3. do chomhshaothrugadh bunadhuis ┐ sēicrēide . . . `to investigate the origin and meaning', Fl. Earls 126.28 . a bhunúdhas `matter' (of catechism), Donlevy xxiii 12. bunadhas na Sgríbhinne Diagha ` Body ', 128.5 . bunadhas an Aráin ` Substance ', 242.18 . lotar . . . / cosin sruth coa b.¤ `to its source', Metr. Dinds. iii 250.102 . fiabras continoidech . . . noch darub bunadus an craidhi ┐ na boill dluithi which originates in, Rosa Angl. 68.3 . bunadhas bliadhna `the greater part of a year', Atlantis iv 118.34 . Dhá Sg. Art. 1506. bunadhus an bhantrachta, 1730 .

cáera

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cáera or dil.ie/7645

Forms: c(a)ura, cairib, caire, chuira, cáora, cáorchaibh, cáoirib

n also c(a)ura (cf. Éigse xi 231 ). k, f., GOI § 319.2 (b) . d p. cairib, Thes. ii 239.19 (Ardm.) due to secondary iā-inflexion, § 320 . Note also n p. caire, Laws iv 96.y . n du. dia chuira , 100.23 Comm. and further exx. infra. cáora f. (d p. cáorchaibh, cáoirib), IGT Decl. § 202 .

Sheep : ói .i. cauru (caora, caera v.l.), Corm. Bodl. 26 . ass cáirech, ib. caura, Bretha 8 . oc augairecht oc cairchaib sescaib `shepherding with barren ewes', Ml. 100b15 , 18 . boe oenchauru ṁblicht and, Vita Br. 46 . liar cærchu, 48 . argairt . . . cáercha (coercha, cáircha, v.ll.), Thes. ii 335.2 (Hy. v.) súil cháirech eter da rethi, IT i 82.1 (LMU). lías caírech, Críth G. 156 . meclach caireg, BCrólige 23 . cauru co lí, Laws i 122.11 = cura, O'D. 498 ( H 3.17, 402d ). caera do gairid .i. caera is fiu da screpall, Laws v 84.20 , 23 Comm. is dochu dotuitet caire . . . .i. is tusca tuitit caire na[i]d ba, O'Dav. 738 . ni bi i mbantellach acht co coirib (i.e. sheep are the only animals that may be used in a woman's entry on land in order to claim possession, Plummer MS. notes), Laws i 148.1 (see also Ériu ix 111 § 28 ). techta fuillema gill cairech . . . acht at cairig do tiagat in muin na aile, v 404.9 . im reithi for caerchu, i 126.8 . an gabhar do beith amail in caera, iii 378.9 Comm. robatar ann . . . / 'coa cáirib hi timmarcain, SR 3754 . tréta móra di chairib, LU 1729 . ro laiset bricht i mbélaib a caírech i n-úair a comperta dona caírib, LL 30928 (TTr.). sartan .i. . . . olann bliadnæ bis for cairib, O'Mulc. 845 . caera immda isin loch conuatar, Alex. 752 . cūra cach fir bale, BColm. 88.12 , 94.9 . ad-mestar cāercha asa cottuge, ZCP xi 95 § 44 . nirbot massech mani bet caircha lat, LL 344a20 ( minba cháerchach, Tec. Corm. § 11.8 .) caoíre na Midhe . . . do dhul is in muir, AFM iv 1174.12 . amail coerig cendais, PH 170 . tuc . . . .xxx. caora dona caeirib, Stair Erc. 369 . cúig céad caora, Keat. iii 381 . gan bhó gan caoire, ZCP v 214.386 (Midn. Court). greadóg don chaoire, Dánfhocail 239 . meiligh na ccáorach, Eg. Gl. 449 .

Fig. of people: essreudh . . . / do buith for anglanchairibh (: doinibh), Blathm. 127 . a choera cennais (of Christ), Hib. Min. 43.14 . a chaoirigh do chor ar iul (of monks), PBocht 20.5 .

Compd.: for maigib na cairechtrét, SR 6348 .

1 clas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 clas or dil.ie/9383

Forms: clais, clas, claise, clais, claisi, clasach, claschanna, chanamhuin, clasach, clasaigh

n ā, f. (claidid). Later also clais, CCath. 2418 . See Ériu xxii 191 . In Mid. and Mod. Ir. also with k-infl. clas g. na claise , IGT Decl. § 39 . clais g. na claisi , na clasach , § 186 . d pl. also `claschanna(?) do chanamhuin ', ibid. cf. ex. 2104 below. clasach occurs once as acc. sg. but is perhaps an error: cor' claidset clasach dermair, CCath. 2298 (clasaigh moir, clasaig moir, v.ll.) d s. clasach, g s. clasaigh occur in CS 318.20 - 22 below.

(a) ditch, trench, furrow; pit: rama fri clais, Laws iv 72.2 ; .i. coir denma na clasach, 76.8 Comm. oca tofond dia clasaib (of pigs), v 154.23 Comm. slan di [sc. don muic] in tesbach indsaighes uirre coa clais, iii 242.20 Comm. mad c.¤, tri traigthe a leithead ┐ a doimne, iv 112.3 . ceithre ime . . . clais, cora, duirime, felmad four kinds of fences, a ditch, a stone wall, an oaken fence . . . , 72.4 . m'atces ac denam claisi ina timcell . . . no dia ndenait senchaide conid la fine dorona[dh] in clais, O'Curry 423 ( H 3.18, 231a ) (`the making of a `clas' round land (without objection) was an evidence of title', Plummer MS. notes). m. Imlecha las' cētna dernta classa dúne, Corp. Gen. 362.37 . tomlactaiter .lll. lulgach . . . i n-aen clasaig, Dinds. 39 . cuithe salach súg / carcar cúl ri claiss, LL 18991 . nacham ruca Demon leis / i clais tened, 18804 . .lx. cubat i n-arddi na class ┐ lx. cubat i n-airdde in múir, 31543 . dorónta clais dermair . . . i n-imthachmung na cathrach, CCath. 1739 . linaid clasacha in longphuirt . . . do criaidh na clodh filet impo, 5179 . na clascanna do linad, Aen. 2008 . torchair a each i gclais ndomhain faoi, TFrag. 200.16 . saoradh misi ar chlais na bpian, Celtica iv 163 § 237 `Hell', Foclóir). ba sruth-aibne . . . cach clais ┐ cach clad-etrige, MR 240.16 . dochodur . . . dar in mbadun ┐ dar clasaig inn aileoin `moat', Ann. Conn. 1236.8 . is inann antrum tri Laidin ┐ umha no clais a Gaedilg, Rosa Angl. 210.7 . bith gaoth mór sa chlasaigh sin dognáth cuires an graibél trina chéle (of a gravel-pit), Maund. 44 . do rinne sé clais, ┐ do thochuil sé í `pit', Psalms vii 15 . cf. c.¤ .i. tochailt, O'Dav. 395 . fá chlais an bhráca `in the furrow beneath the harrow', O'Rah. 58.114 . ? Here: ba samalta ra sebacc da chlaiss i lló chruadgáithi, ná ra sidi répgaithi erraig i llo mártai (of a hawk's nesting-place in a cliff), TBC-LL¹ 3381 (`nach seiner Beute').

(b) cooking-pit, burning-pit : c.¤ guail gl. sturna[?], Ir. Gl. 273 . i cualchlais tened, Fing. R. 52 . daroindi T. ix clascha comleathna . . . ┐ rolinaid leis iad do chaerchaib duba, TTebe 1642 . a claschaibh chlach n-áoil nUisnigh lime-kilns, IGT Decl. ex. 2103 .

(c) grave : i mbéal gach claise, DDána 29.21 . an fhuarchlais, Ó Bruad. ii 114 xvii .

(d) By extension, that which is dug up, produce of the earth: mess ┐ claiss ┐ muirthorud, LU 10116 . madi atchaithes a mes ┐ a clais, O'D. 622 ( H 3.17, 463 -4). bói mess ┐ class ┐ ith ┐ blicht fria lind, LL 273b4 . tathbongar fúr (.i. talam) ar na cnoib .i. clais cnu ro bui istigh, O'Dav. 866 . ri is mo da tucc Dia du mes ┐ du chlais ┐ du thorad `increase', Ann. Conn. 1224.2 .

(e) Used of various (usually grooved or furrowed) parts of the body: cusna classaib dromma `with the shoulder-blades' lit. `with the trenches of the back' (gl. cum scapulis), Gild. Lor. 160 . co curend téora imsrotha im claiss a chúlaid (i.e. the hollow at the base of the poll, see O'Brien, Celtica iii 168 ), LU 6544 . fotolberrad co clais a dá chúlad, 6959 ( BDD² 529 ). a clais cúil in cinn, Reg. San. 30.8 . c.¤ ochta, Bretha 2A . clais ochta `hollow of the breast', Laws v 363 n.d . mar chlais a smeigīn na hainnfhire dimple, cleft, Gadelica i 60.197 . tri cét troiged i fat na mna xxx traiged a fat a claissi (of a sea-monster), BB 416a12 (? the female pudenda. Cf. do chimil d'a clais a chab nach sínfeadh, ZCP v 250 = Midnight court 706 v.l.). Of weals or scars on the body: doeim fossad fot rea / con(a) ceil cossar class fua `it hides the rows of scars beneath', Metr. Dinds. iv 332.22 (of a shield). mad olc leigister iad faguid clasacha granna sa corp `pits' (of smallpox), Rosa Angl. 310.4 . att bocc . . . , ┐ da nglacuir co cruaidh led mer doni clais and, 272.7 .

Groove (of a sword): cloidem . . . traig fir oa chlasach conige a ḟaopar for gach leth ann; dá traigid a lethed a nhegmuis a clasaigh, CS 318.20 , 22 . taithnem na greine . . . re clasaib comarthacha na cloidem, Ériu viii 30.x . le colg n-úaine cheithre gclaschann, IGT Decl. ex. 2104 .

Compds. With adj. claideb claslethan cruaidgér wide- grooved , LL 24897 . claidbi comardathacha claslethna, 32519 ( TTr. 1717 ). claidhmhi claislethna, CCath. 6014 . cloidhiomh . . . claslonnrach bright-grooved , CRR² 23 .

With noun derived from adj. re clas-lethi a cloidem, MR 190.y .

clechtaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clechtaid or dil.ie/9407
Last Revised: 2019

v (1 clecht) is or becomes accustomed to; accustoms oneself to; of people, is accustomed to, frequents, consorts with; of a calling, practises, plies.

(a) With personal noun or pronoun: conidh misgaisiu lasna tuathaibh na tigerna clechtait forru innat na tigernada aili whom they are accustomed to have over them, CCath. 5107 (ticcernuidhe, v.l.). is misi . . . ra chleachtsad ant oireacht-sa orra, TTebe 839 . tig i láimh an tí chleachtas / an seabhac 'gá mbí aithne to whom he is accustomed(?), Measgra D. 25.21 . an t-aos cumtha nár chleacht sinn whom I have not frequented, KMMisc. 242 § 6 . seachain sgéulta fábhuill . . . ┐ cleachd thú féin do chum díaghachda, 1 Timothy iv 7 .

(b) With noun or noun-phrase: amal clechtait a n-urcharu (gl. ut soleant iacula) as they are accustomed (to hurl), Gild. Lor. 81 . is esside toisech ro clecht cruit ┐ organ who first used, Rawl. 69b25 ( BB 11a11 ). Cf. b23 . F. . . . roda clecht claideb, LU 5566 (TBC, rhet.) nír chlecht góe, LL 3245 . na cleacht cumann re duine cainntech `do not keep company with a chatterer', Ériu v 134.69 . na cleacht do lebend do Lurc / . . . / na leic cnoc Cairmaic do Curc `let not thy platform become accustomed to Lorc', Cog. 124.14 . do coimhēt slāinte dom' ḟlaith / clechtad farrad (.i. linn) maith is fin, ZCP v 489 § 14 (B. na f.). slán úaim don ceird clechtaim féin which I practice, Eg. 88, 19b2 (cited Meyer Contribb.). a coimleaba do-clechtsum we were wont to share his couch, Prolegomena 45 § 19 . do chleachtais fleadh is fiadhach, DDána 68.20 . an cádhus do chleacht idir `to which she was ever used', Studies 1923, 421 § 3 . cá talamh do chleacht, Oss. vi 168.z . na garma chleachtar anois, mar atá barún, bhíocont, iarla . . . that are used, Keat. iii 123 . amhuil damh nar chleachd an chuing (was unaccustomed to), Jeremiah xxxi 18 . treise ag cath eachtrann oruibh / a Leath Cuinn, nir chleachtobhair, Aithd. D. 39.5 . altrannas i gcéin cleachtfad I shall practise, DDána 66.10 . cairdi do dhola ar a ndíol / . . . nír chleacht cliar were not accustomed to having their reward postponed, O'Hara 2681 . Cf. int shoillsi edrocht . . . indi nar cleachtadar daib the thing to which they had not accustomed themselves(?), YBL 151b43 .

(c) With vn., quasi-Vn. or vn. phrase: cléchtait méirlig . . . atréb and, Trip.² 1846 . no chlechtatis na genti saerad a mogad isin sechtmad bliadain, Lat. Lives 59.13 (solebant). conclechtaimse (? leg. co clechtaimse) cairmteoracht . . . nad clechta err óencharpait do imluad ar m'ési, LU 8505 (rhet.). mar ar clecht bronnad i[n] buair, Ériu x 84 § 73 . im cech mi-gním . . . ro-clechtsat, PH 4160 . clechtait doine a thadall ┐ a póccad, Petrie, Round Towers 435 ( LB 158a18 ). ca crich as ar cemnigis ┐ ca cele ca clechtaidh (?leg. -ais) do comluigi, RC i 48.30 . trenachaur no chlechtad claide, LL 20658 (hypermetric, ?leg. tren caur). nu gu clecht sí a sírsborad until it has grown accustomed to constant spurring, Ériu iv 214 § 12 . fuarattar an míol mór isin ionadh ina cclectadh beith, BNnÉ 70 § 118 . Inis Chuinn do chleacht leónadh `that hath been practised in suffering', Studies 1921, 75 § 16 .

(d) Folld. by prep. With AR (FOR): a chu chleachtas ar cnamaibh who is wont to be . . . , IT iii 85 § 84 ( BB 291b19 ). ? a mmag forclechtat int ṡlúaig, Imr. Brain § 5 (conclechtot, v.l. see RIA Dict. F col. 322.32) = for-clechat, ZCP xviii 411 § 5 . 'san chnoc-sa rochleachtastair, Metr. Dinds. iii 54.20 . an fhoighide . . . / gloineide an chlí i gcleachdainn-se, DDána 55.3 . cuiced Lagen . . . / i[n]ar chlecht cach dagfer dían in which used to dwell, LL 4177 . cleachtmaoid a ccuasaibh carrach `we frequent', Atlantis iv 136.32 .

With OC: is ingen Chathaīr ro chlecht / . . . coa timthirecht used to be ministering to them, Fing. R. 665 . ag síol Cheallaigh 'gar chleacht mé with whom I was wont to be, DDána 77.21 . ar Mhuiris gCliach 'gar chleachtas, 67.32 .

In impers. construction: mar sin nár clechtadh d'U Cháimh / cliar ó thosaig d' a tatháir Ó C. was not accustomed to being censured, Ériu iv 216 § 13 . do cleachtadh dháibh fíon d'ibhe / do láimh ríogh `they were wont', Studies 1924, 241 § 2 . iar gcaill an tearmainn ┐ an tsochair do cleachtaoi leó d'fhaghbháil ó Ghaedhealaibh, Keat. i 84.y . an ré do chleachtadh i dtalamh Éireamhóin that used to be the practice (?), Hackett xxxiv 4 (`as a custom'), Gloss.).

1 clethach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 clethach or dil.ie/9456

o, ā adj. (or adjj.) of uncertain meaning. Some exx. e.g. TBC St. 3764 might derive from 1 cleth (c). mo ri ni c.¤ cen chrad / ro fallnai inn ethar ṅdermar, / o rian do rian, for aig thaig, / cosin sliab fors tarrasair, SR 2629 (of the Ark). coa cethrai chlethaig, LL 27532 . Urbaid mór im Albanchaib / i cath Roth nirbo ch.¤ , 6272 . dorochair Niall mac Echach / uas Muir Icht ni gním c.¤ , 4100 . in cluain c.¤ , Acall. 497 v.l. (chreamuch, text). fuarus gleo cletach crundae, TBC St. 3764 (cleathach, cathach, v.ll.). d'éirghiodar 'na ndruing ndíoghain ndíochonair-chleathach 'na n-aghaidh, CRR² 28 . do lúth a mheór gcaol gcleathach (`slender, pliant fingers'? of a musician), Hackett xlvi 3 .

1 co

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 co or dil.ie/9786
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: cos(s)in, cos(s)a, cosna, cosin, cossin, cossa, cosa, gusin, gusan, cosno, gusna, cuccum, cucum, cugum, chugom, chucumm, chugam, cucut, cuccut, chucud, chuccad, chugad, chút, cuci, cucai, cucci, cuccai, cuici, cuigi, chuci, chucai, chuice, chuici, chuga, cuicce, cucae, chucae, cucai, cuci, cuici, chuice, chuigthe, cucunn, cuccainn, cugainn, cugainde, chucunni, chucund, chucaind, chugainne, cucuib, cuccaib, cuccuib, cucaib, cugaib, cuccu, cucu, chuca, cugtha, chucu, chuca, com, cot, gut, coa, gó, go, cosa, cos-, cus, cosa, cusa, cos, cus, gus, gusa, cosar, gar, góar, at(t)óibi, do-ecmalla, do-inóla, fo-ceird, gaibid, léicid

prep. with accus. See GOI § 829 . Études Celt. vii 478 . In early lang. with occasional doubling of following l, m, n: cu-llae, GOI § 829 . co mmaith, Wb. 7b15 . co nnaue, Sg. 5b6 . In later lang. prefixes h to vowels. Written cu in Ardm. etc., GOI § 829 . In later lang. go. Occasionally with length mark: có, Ml. 52 . Sporadically with d p.: co ulnib, BDD² 747 . go bruachaibh (: chruachain), TD 13.84 . See IGT Introd. § 75 .

With article: cos(s)in, cos(s)a, cosna etc. cosin, Wb. 2a21 . cossin, ib. cossa (n.), 23a17 . cosa, Ériu v 236.60 . gusin, Auraic. 195 . gusan, Stair Erc. 2360 . pl. cosno, Dinds. 69 . gusna, Hugh Roe² 100.4 .

With suff. pron. (see GOI § 829 D for phonology of forms, § 233 for lenited forms, which are generalized in later language). 1 s. cuccum, Wb. 7c7 . cucum, Ml. 108b1 . cugum, Ériu v 148.40 . chugom, Blathm. 148 . chucumm, PH 8285 . chugam, IGT Decl. ex. 1166 . 2 s. cucut, Wb. 32a17 . .25 . Ml. 44c20 . cuccut, 92a19 . chucud, Mon. Tall. 144.21 . chuccad, BDD² 1446 . chugad, DDána 2.3 . chút (: út), SG 389.14 (see ZCP xxv 249 ff. ). 3 s. m. and n. cuci, Wb. 9d14 . cucai, Ml. 38c1 . cucci, cuccai, cited GOI § 433 . cuici, Blathm. 27 . cuigi, BColm. 98.26 . chuci, Fing. R. 27 . chucai, Ml. 46c1 . chuice, Mon. Tall. 154.4 . chuici, BDD² 278 . chuga, Dán Dé xxv 46 . 3 s. f. cuicce, Wb. 9d5 . cucae, Sg. 14b4 (apparently referring to Lat. littera), chucae, 191a2 . cucai, Vita Br. 25 . cuci, 26 . cuici, RC xxiv 190.13 . chuice, BDD² 93 . chuigthe, Donlevy 390.1 . 1 pl. cucunn, Wb. 21a3 . cuccainn, ZCP viii 219.34 . cugainn, vi 47.28 . cugainde, Ériu iii 158 § 11 , chucunni, TBFr. 347 . chucund, RC iii 183.24 . chucaind. PH 691 . chugainne, RC xxix 124 § 27 . 2 pl. cucuib, Wb. 1a8 . cuccaib, Vita Br. 16 . cuccuib cited GOI § 433 . cucaib, Vita Br. 37 . cugaib, Mer. Uil.² 119 . 3 pl. cuccu, Wb. 27c24 . cucu, Ml. 55c1 . chuca, Blathm. 221 . cugtha, DDána 77.1 . chucu, Leb. Gab.(i) 252.19 . chuca, Keat. iii 3231 .

With possessives: 1 s. com ó, Ériu xx 192 § 3 . 2 s. cot écc, ZCP viii 219.23 . gut éc, LL 10918 . 3 s. coa ríg, Fél. Jan. 6 . Fing. R. 93 . gó a charaid, TSh. 8226 . pl. go a n-ēgoibh, Fl. Earls 140.32 .

With rel. cosa n-, cos- (cossa- cited GOI § 829 ): cus, ACC 93 . cosa, TBC-I¹ 328 . cusa, 330 . cos, Ériu iv 150.29 . cus a, Laws iv 294.z Comm. gus, BColm. 80.27 . gusa, Mac Aingil 355 . With ro: cosar, TTebe 894 . gar, Studies, 1921, 76.21 . góar, Hugh Roe² 74.19 .

1 to, till, as far as , etc. (of space and time): cosin n-óin .i. co crist gl. usque ad unum, Wb. 2a21 . cossa laasa gl. usque nunc, 23a17 . có osnada gl. ad susperia, Ml. 31c10 . cu genti gl. ad gentes, 67a10 . cosin caiscc naili `until the next Easter', Mon. Tall. 132.17 co fescor, LU 5135 (see caidchi). ní chotlad i nEmain M. co matain, LU 4903 (i.e. never slept, Hermathena xcix 51 ). co harchaṅgliu Héil, Lib. Hymn. 184.8 . a n-éc cusan āenduini to the last man, ACL iii 239 § 25 . nirbo gnath . . . airisiumh Uí Neill hisuidhe gusan tToirrdelbach hishin `except this T.', Hugh Roe² 44.3 . do-géna cech maith co cumaing as far as he can, PH 8088 . todachaiche chugut int shillab dedenach `the last syllable is future to you', Auraic. 91 . aurlam co bas, PH 390 . Ériu fo Chunn, Conn co Fál, Airne F. 243 . dorigne an láid-so cuigi `for him', BColm. 98.26 . le cungnamh ionmhuis go cogadh `with money to help them in the war', Rel. Celt. ii 166.9 .

2 With Vn. cia airet co tíchtin n-ancrist, Wb. 25d1 . go beith réidh dúinn 's do Dhomhnall, TD 15.170 . co rochtain dóibh tar na múraibh `until they passed', Hugh Roe 290.y . Hence: mad co techt di co fer gl. uiro suo reconciliari, Wb. 9d32 . is deidbhir móidem di suidib mad co moidim etir ref. to si gloriari oportet, 17d19 (see note).

3 Idiomatic uses of 3 s. n.: is cuci far mburpe gl. sic stulti estis, Wb. 19b8 . is cucci a lére ro pridchissid `so great is the industry with which you have preached', 24c17 . ná faighdīs bás chuige acht go mairfidīs choidhche (ar aonchor, v.l.), Trompa na bhF. 5994 . See Gloss., and cf. gan guin duine chuige na uaidh at all(?), Hugh Roe² 252.22 . is é is fáth dham chuige sin `the reason I have for that', Keat. i 82.26 . is é is adhbhar dóibh chuige sin, Corp. Astron. 2.9 . creud chuige why? Donlevy 102.16 .

4 With verbs of motion: co domun dringthiar `he climbed to the height (of heaven)', ACC 68 (see Celtica vi 228 ). amal tiagtae mná hua célib co firu aili `as wives go from their husbands to other men', Ml. 125a2 . dauc cucai inna sairse `he took it to him(self) unto his work', 38c1 . co Críst, cechaing sathe `unto Christ went a swarm', Fél. Jan. 25 . lingthi Mac Da Cherda co sudib `M. leaps into the midst of them', Ériu v 28.7 .

5 With subst. verb: aidchi roboi cucu that night, Ml. 55c1 . do filter chucaind diar marbad, Anecd. i 4.10 ( SCano 92 ). do-filter chucut ón ríg, BDD² 94 . deighenach a bethadh do bheith cuicce was imminent, BNnÉ 265 § 228 .

6 With verbs of reaching, placing, lasting, remaining, etc.: focerdar cin co fergac `is attached to', Bretha 25 . saidid co colainderce cert `extends to', 23 . ad-comaicc húa smech co a imlind, BDD² 1000 . mēraid co dē a īartaige his succession will remain till the day of Judgement, Thes. ii 314.20 . anais co foilc ┐ co fothraic he waited to wash . . ., TBC-I¹ 289 . ro-athascná m'ernaigthe . . . chucat, a Dé, PH 7108 .

7 With verbs of asking: cen chuingid neich co nech, Wb. 26b25 . amal dunthlaichiur-sa cucut `as I ask of Thee', Ml. 44c20 . dóig lim . . . ni cunte nech cuccaib filiam cecam, Vita Br. 16 . Cf. dognitis dibrócoit móir chucai, PH 4056 .

8 With verbs of summoning: dorograd co hangliu / C. `to the angels has been summoned C.', Fél. March 10 . ro-gairmestar tra Pilip chucai, PH 2534 .

See also at(t)óibi, do-ecmalla, do-inóla, fo-ceird, gaibid, léicid etc.

9 Expressing motion without vb. ac-sin chucut do ríg = ecce rex tuus venit tibi, PH 4376 . mac in goband cosin ṅgual (ris an, v.l.), Ériu ix 49 § 28 . a cholann chugat an bás, DDána 1.1 . `chugaibh! chugaibh! gruth is im / éistear linn!' adeir an chuach `here comes' (lit. to you), Measgra D. 7.73 . chugad me aris I have you again, Luc. Fid. 5241 .

10 Hence with verbs of seeing etc. atchīatt na conu cucu 'na rith, BColm. 54.3 . níro airigset na mná chucu, LU 3884 ( SCC 39 ). lá dá bhfacaidh inghin oíg / chuige, DDána 58.11 . o nach facadar . . . comfhurtacht cuca, Stair Erc. 1441 .

11 In comparisons: cruth cách co hÉ. Caem cách co hÉ. all fall short of E. in beauty, BDD² 43 . ait[h]ech cách co hEogan hūais except E., ZCP viii 299.35 . ní crō co cōiccir fo cosmailuis clīaro, Ériu i 215.31 . beag gach peannaid go bás Dé compared with, A. Ó Dálaigh xviii 1 .

12 ó . . . co . . . to denote the ultimate point of measurement: is hó siun co nuie dam far sercc ref. to continuus, Wb. 4b29 . o chund co fond, RC iii 177.7 . a bhfoil uainn go hÁdhamh all that there are (i.e. have lived) from us to Adam, Dán Dé viii 4 . ó Éirne go hÁth gConuill, TD 13.74 . Hence: o ta a uachtar co a híchtar, PH 3365 .

13 With demonstratives. See 1 sin (S 232.83), 1 so (307.30). có sin, Trip.² 97 .

Similarly with petrified forms: cosinnocht until tonight, BDD² 1174 . tricha laithi cusanē 30 days to yesterday, ZCP x 341.21 . gus a-nois, Aithd. D. 89.29 . See also indiu and trásta (b).

14 In phrase co cenn, see 1 cenn (123.43).

15 With cardinal numerals. See fo (F 172.51).

16 In formation of adverbs. See GOI § 381 . co mmór gl. insolenter, Ml. 38c12 . co mmaith, TBFr. 284 . Freq. in later lang.: go spioradálta, TSh. 1582 .

17 Hence in adjectival predicates with subst. vb. replacing constr. with is and bare adj.: bheith go saoghlach séanomhail, TD 19.74 . do bai co hudmall andshadail aínindech `restlessly, uncertainly, angrily', TTebe 929 .

18 3 sg. neut. as adv. since, hence : nī conairnecht and chucai 'it had not been found there till then' Thes. ii 348.86 . bid fotai chucca, PH 5247 . ni ba chian cucai, Anecd. ii 14.13 .

comainm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comainm or dil.ie/10620
Last Revised: 2013

n n, n. (ainmm)

(a) (additional) name, cognomen (freq. not different in meaning from ainmm); synonym: c.¤ gl. cognomen, Ir. Gl. 993 . c.¤ Críst ron-snáda / Saluator ron-sóera!, Fél. March 14 (comaind .i. comainm, v.l.). atdeos duib a comanmann, Corp. Gen. 126.26 . in trath dian comainmm compleit, KMMisc. 154.94 . Cumscraidh Mend Macha do c.¤ ond uair-sin ille, Sc.M² 14 R. Mac Dathó a ainm, 1.1 (a c.¤, R). cía do ch.¤ -siu ol M. . . . Fedelm . . . mo ainmsea, LU 4524 (TBC). Sarra dianid c.¤ Iascha cognomen, 160 . da ghadaige . . . darsat comanmann D. ┐ I., PH 2852 . Portt na Cranne darap c.¤ an Fuarchosach, Ann. Conn. 1256.13 . c.¤ carat .i. edadh isin caill `synonym for a friend', Auraic. 5656 . ban-naomh in chomhanma sin, Fl. Earls 176.28 .

(b) (a person of the) same name: coibne .i. c.¤ , O'Dav. 496 . cen c[h]umscuguth nadet comanmuin (form ?) na comthuirmi `dass sie nicht gleichnamig sind', Bürgschaft 27 § 74 c.¤ trait do-n-roïg Cū Domna / oc ascnamh a comanmo, Fianaig. 12 § 14 . tricho Fland ┐ tricho Dubthach . . . is ed bui di chomanmanduib i tig Geirg, IT iii 550.26 . cárna a chomanma, LL 13884 (of Cú Chulainn and a hound). batar . . . comanmunna araile dib (of the Apostles), LB 146b31 (com + adj. in -de from ainmm ? Cf. IT iii 550 supra and Celtica x 254 ). Note also: roderscnaigh dan comhainm riamh ar ulc it surpassed anything of its own kind in evil (of a bridge), Aisl. Tond. 100.4 . Attrib. g s. and g p. dá churaidh comhlann gcalma / conghlann cubhaidh comhanma (of 2 Murchadhs), DDána 85.32 . cona ttrí cēd curadh comhanmann, Ériu viii 137.21 .

In phr. fer (lucht) a chomanma a man, etc., of the same name or family: ara uib ┐ ar fer a chomanma, LL 39066 . ni faicim do lucht a ccomhanma acht iad araon I see of the same name only these two, Mart. Don. 58.7 . Cf. lead chéidfhear comhanma the first man of your name, O'Hara 170 . go rabhadar iomad do naomhaibh . . . Éireann 'n-a lucht comhanmann `that many . . . bore the same name', Keat. iii 1714 .

(c) namesake : c.¤ a māthar `every namesake of his mother's', Cáin Ad. 25 .

(d) anniversary, yearly, weekly, etc. recurrence of any day or date: c.¤ in laithi-sa . . . cacha blīadna, BColm. 28.2 . co tucsat noí catha / on c.¤ coa celi `from year's end to year's end', Ériu x 93 § 3 . Adv. doni se aenach festa c.¤ an lae dorugudh é gacha bliadhna, ZCP vi 86.10 . in slabradh . . . ro sgaoil go mīrbaileach comhainm an fhēsta sin, Fl. Earls 244.1 . cuirfet-sa macamh dot shoighidh c.¤ an laithe a ttanacc sunn this day week(?), BNnÉ 319 § 15 .

Various: ? ni ralie an mag so nad rubann c.¤ n-arcaid, ZCP iii 237.15 . ina c.¤ cen leisci / tomaidm Flesci ┐ Maindi, Lec. 283ra15 ( ch.¤ , 6rb24 ; comairm, BB 37b27 ). cían ó chomhainm éantoighe / rádh Thaidhg ris Ó mBríain mBéirre `far from joint-naming from a single house was Tadhg's answer to Ó Briain of Béirre', Ériu xix 92.25 .

con-dïeig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. con-dïeig or dil.ie/12067
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: connaigim, -cuintgim, -chunchimm, -cuinngim, chondaigi, connaigi, condnigi, condnaige, -cuinchi, condieig, condaig, connaig, condnaig, connaigh, cunnuid, condegar, chuindegar, cuindegar, connegar, cuinnegar, chuinneghar, connadur, condagar, conadar, conagar, connagar, chondegam, connagam, -cuingem, condagaigh, condegat, condaiget, condagatt, -cuinget, -cuinchetar, conattgi, conaittig, conatig, conaitech, conattech, conaitegar, conaitcid, -contagad, -cuincithea, condaigtis, conatchitís, cuíntís, cuindig, cuinnig, cunnig, condíg, cuinged, cuindced, cuinched, cu[i]nged, condiu(g)sa, -cuindius, -chuinnius, -chunnis, con-dia, -cuintea, -cunte, condes(s)ar, condeisir, -cuintestar, -cuinntestar, -comthastár, -comtastár, -comthastar, conníestar, conniastar, connesum, condesat, connesat, chondesin, condesta, cóndesta, connchesta, connesed, conesta, condestis, conaitecht, -comtacht, condiachtais, condīacht, condiacht, conniacht, conaitecht, conattacht, conattecht, conaittecht, -comtacht, conataig, conataigh, conattig, co ndatig, conaitich, conatuigh, co n-auttaigh, connachtaigh, conrotacht, conaitigir, conaitigair, conaitegair, conatechoir, conaitechair, conatceastoir, -comtacht, conaitchet, -comtachtmar, conaitechtat, conaittechtatar, conoitechtatar, coniachtatadar, conaitchetar, con-aitcheadar, con-aitcetar, conaitchitar, conaitidar, connaigid, cuinnigid, cuin(d)gid, cuin(n)chid, cuinnid, cuindchid, cuintechtai

v (< com + degaid or *dechaid, Éigse xxviii 156-59 ; * com-di-saig-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 607 ) Indic. pres. 1 s. connaigim, MU² 77 . Three Hom. 70.18 . -cuintgim, Wb. 14c12 . -chunchimm, Three Hom. 70.19 . -cuinngim, Ériu ii 89.z . 2 s. chondaigi, Thes. ii 296.5 . Metr. Dinds. iii 340.46 . LU 5669 (TBC). MU² 65 . connaigi, LU 3104 . condnigi, SR 5993 (see 3 s. below). condnaige, RC xx 142.21 (ACC). connaige, TBC-LL² 4835 . -cuinchi, Thes. ii 307.12 . 3 s. condieig ( -dïeig, GOI 66 ), Wb. 23d5 . condaig (with vocalism of 1 saigid, Thurn.), 8d20 . Ml. 30b8 . 35c21 . 110d10 . TBC-LL² 1637 . connaig, 1548 . condnaig, LL 12908 ( RC xiv 422.z ) (perh. infl. by atn-aig, see ad-aig). connaigh, ACL iii 4.34 . cunnuid, Laws i 58.17 Comm. Pass. condegar, Wb. 8d20 . 14c11 . Ml. 48a7 . IT iii 5.1 . chuindegar, BDD² 1446 . cuindegar, O'Dav. 404 . connegar, Corm. Y 62 . cuinnegar, LL 36491 . chuinneghar, Laws iv 242.2 Comm. connadur (leg. condagar, Ed.), ACL iii 3.2 . conadar, Auraic. 746. 1389 . conagar, Laws i 30.y . connagar, PH 7934 . 1 p. chondegam, Ml. 107c8 . connagam, LL 12681 . PH 3104 . -cuingem, Wb. 14d38 . 2 p. condagaigh, Anecd. i 62.z . 3 p. condegat, Ériu ii 126 § 87 . condaiget, Alex. 924 . condagatt, PH 3972 . -cuinget, Ml. 107c8 . Pass. -cuinchetar, 123d4 . Forms influenced by ad-teich (see also pret. and perf. below): 2 s. conattgi, TBC-LL² 1508 . 3 s. conaittig, Triads 77. 78 . conatig, LU 10877 . conaitech, 9820 . conattech, TBC-LL² 2109 . Pass. conaitegar, LU 7888 (BDD). 3 p. conaitcid, Leb. Gab.(i) 148.5 .

Impf. 3 s. -contagad, Wb. 4b2 . pass. -cuincithea, PH 7933 . 3 p. condaigtis, Trip.² 1082 . conatchitís (with infl. of ad-teich), PH 6032 . ? cuíntís, BB 352b11 (= saigtís, Metr. Dinds. i 36.94 ).

Impv. 2 s. cuindig, Wb. 10a20 . LU 7875 (BDD). Ériu ii 204 § 22 . cuinnig, TBC-I¹ 2763 . cunnig, TBC-LL² 81 . condíg, RC viii 154.25 . 3 s. cuinged, Wb. 10a15 . 11b18 . cuindced, ZCP vii 312 § 23 . cuinched, ACL iii 307 § 21 . cu[i]nged, Ériu xx 124 § 17 .

Subj. pres. and fut. (see GOI 410 ) 1 s. condiu(g)sa, Three Hom. 70.14 ( Lat. Lives 81.11 ). -cuindius, Ériu xiii 19.19 ( O'Dav. 385 ). -chuinnius, TBC-LL² 1574 . 2 s. -chunnis, TBC-LL² 1573 . Cf. -cunghis, RC xii 66.12 . 3 s. con-dia, ZCP xi 87 § 52 . -cuintea, Ml. 51a18 . -cunte, Vita Br. 16 . Pass. condes(s)ar, Mon. Tall. 133.2 . Fraech 258 . condeisir, RC xxiv 150.17 . -cuintestar, Ériu xiii 18.11 . -cuinntestar, O'Curry 2397 ( Eg. 88, 32b ). -comthastár, LU 5710 = -comtastár, TBC-I¹ 1236 . -comthastar, RC iii 345.11 . Cf. conigestar, Ériu ii 196 n. conníestar, RC xv 488 § 5 . conniastar, iii 345.12 . 1 p. connesum, PH 7965 . 3 p. condesat, Ml. 46c13 . connesat, PH 3506 .

Subj. impf. 1 s. chondesin, Wb. 19d24 . 2 s. condesta, Trip.² 1356 , cóndesta, 1335 = connchesta, Anecd. iii 38.5 . 3 s. connesed, PH 7978 . Cf. conaitchedh, BNnÉ 43.9 . Pass. conesta, Fél. 2.6 . 3 p. condestis, Thes. ii 31.24 .

Pret. and perf. (with -ad-; exceptionally with -uss- (?), -ro-): 1 s. conaitecht, Ml. 132d5 . 2 s. -comtacht, Ml. 60b20 . condiachtais, LU 5836 ( TBC-I¹ 1366 ). 3 s. condīacht, ZCP viii 329.25 . condiacht, Ériu ii 118 § 53 . conniacht, LU 6143. 6153 . conaitecht, Ml. 36b5 . 59c3 . 98b6 . Immrama 64 § 101 . Ériu viii 175.25 . Hugh Roe² 104.30 . conattacht, TFerbe 235 . conattecht, Corm. Y 698 . conaittecht, TBC-LL² 2110 . -comtacht, Ml. 59c3 . 54b30 . Follg. influenced by pret. of ad-teich (see Celtica vii 42-4 ): conataig, Three Hom. 70.15 . Dinds. 99 . conataigh, 69 . conattig, Metr. Dinds. iii 440.21 . LL 30975 (TTr.). conattaig, Dinds. 161 . co ndatig (sic), 12 . conaitich, 78 . conatuigh, Lism. L. 834 . co n-auttaigh, Dinds. 3 ( RC xv 290 ). connachtaigh, TBC-LL¹ p. 335 n. conrotacht, Corp. Gen. 68.31 . With depon. inflexion: conaitigir, Trip.² 2700 . conaitigair, 2731 . conaitegair, Ériu xvi 66.86 . conatechoir, xii 146.6 . conaitechair, Dinds. 46 . conatceastoir, AFM i 30.2 . Pass. -comtacht, Ml. 35c26 . 123c3 . ? conaitchet, LL 356 marg. sup. 1 p. -comtachtmar, Wb. 24b20 . 3 p. conaitechtat (sic MS), Ml. 44d27 . conaittechtatar, 90b16 . conoitechtatar, Wb. 8a14 (see GOI 344 ). coniachtatadar, O'Curry 778 ( H 3.18, 365a ). conaitchetar, Metr. Dinds. iii 390.65 . 440.13 . Dinds. 161 . BB 488a46 . Leb. Gab.(i) 252.18 . con-aitcheadar, Dinds. 141 . con-aitcetar, 78 . conaitchitar, Auraic. 194 . conaitidar, BB 30a51 ( conaithchedar, 55 ).

Later as simple vb. connaigid, cuinnigid, cuin(d)gid, cuin(n)chid, cuinnid with both ē-fut. and f-fut.

Vn. cuindchid.

Vbl. of necess. cuintechtai.

Asks, seeks, demands (with accus. of object sought): ní comtachtmar ni `we have asked for nothing', Wb. 24b20 . conaitecht C. dig, LU 7881 (BDD). cuinchis F. . . ./. . ./ cath, 3202 . ? connigset indromuin Scāthach dōib diblīnaibh, TBC-I¹ 2683 . ni tri haiscedha conaigiub a Temraig, IT iii 194.7 . ni chunnecha . . . amal ro chunnig, LL 13945 . bale i cúinnebar bás, PH 6167 . cuingidh bean nach cleasach cuing, O'Hara 3433 . cecip ní chuinghifett, Hugh Roe² 130.3 .

With prep. introd. person of whom someth. requested. In O. Ir. usu. co: denum neich condegar cuccu, Ml. 48a7 . intan con-diacht fer cerdda bratt co M., Corp. Gen. 409.22 . conaitchidar gusin sai .i. co Fenius, ACL iii 247.16 . ro-cuinnig foigde . . . / cosin siair, Ériu iii 196 § 19 . cuinchim-si itchi co Dīa, xix 77 § 2 . condaig cert n-imbi coa c[h]arait, Corm. Y 883 ( Anecd. iv 76.15 ).

With DI (DO): is and condegar do manchaib má beth dibh nech bes maith is enquired (cf. Rawl. 80b47 cited below), O'D. 554 ( H 3.17, 437 ). ? cuinnegar do (dia, O'Dav. 404 ) gruaide grís, Ériu xiii 31.4 .

With FOR (see Celtica vii 44 ): amal chondegamni fordia arnícc, Ml. 107c8 . 's ed sin conattecht-sa foraib, TBC-LL² 1033 . cuingis Luigdeach fair arríga Muman do gabáil `enjoined [on] him', Ériu xvi 66.76 . fort ní chunnig comairge, LL 12934 . do chuind[i]getar cend Eoin fair, ZCP xiv 150.1 . grás ar Chríosd do chuingis, Dán Dé xii 19 . Cf. is andsin cunnis C.C. bar na sluagaib `sought for', CRR 51 . ro cuimnidh (sic) air co tartad, Grail 1941 . With Ó: ní ho doinib condaig aithesc sunt, Ml. 35c21 . isī an éraic con-aitecht uaidib, ZCP xii 244.10 . no chuinchitis . . . na Saxain ó Germain fortacta doib, LU 287 . In: conattecht C. in caratrad . . . friss adjured him by their friendship, TBC-LL² 1895 the sense and usage are that of ad-teich ( Celtica vii 43 ).

? In sense enquires: da conaiget aiṅgil nime cid in deilb sin, Rawl. 80c47 , cf. O'D. 554 cited above.

dáilem

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dáilem or dil.ie/14198
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: dalem, bandalem, dalem, dáilea, dálemain, dailemain, dáilem, cuindig dig cot dalemna

n n & o, m. A drawer, a cupbearer. n s. dalem gl. caupo, Sg. 63 a 2 . bandalem gl. caupona, ib. 63 a 3 . dalem, O'Mulc. 427 . mac Dé ár ndálem, LL 29 b 50 . tánic in dáilem leisin corn, SG 240. 22 . dáilem ┐ doirseóir, Acall. 777 . dáileaṁ deighleanna, 23 E 26 p. 241 . PROV. ní bad d.¤ duit fer somesc, Tec. Corm. § 34 . g s. dáileman: durnaisci dalemon, O'Mulc. 326 . dorochair a escra...alláim in dáleman, TFerbe 198 . dáilim : Lifi ben Deltbunni dorchai dálim Chonaire, LL 137 b 26 . rogab gnímu dáilim do áirim a degdán, BB 382 a 6 = LL 156 a 48 (dalim). a s. áiliu laith áiliu dáilemain, Éigse xxxvii 77 § 6 . la Deltbanna la dalem Conaire, LL 159 a 28 ( RC xiii 260 ). d s. dáilea, TSh. 15. 10 ; 124. 20 ; 279. 14 . n p. dálemain ┐ deogbairi, BDD § 145 ( LU 97 a 39 ). sé dálemain ríg Temra, LU 92 b 9 . dailemain, ib. 54 a 49 . rannaire... dalemain, LL 29 b 47 . randaire do roind in bíd ┐ na dáilemain dá dáil inna corma, IT i 311. 2 f.b. SG 238. 5 f.b. Acall. 4607 . CRR § 13 . g p. dáilem : tricha dálem nosdáled LL 28 b 32 . a p. cuindig dig cot dalemna, LU 97 a 43 . faidhit daileṁain ┐ deoghṁairedha uatha, AFM v 1862. 7 . d p. conatecht dig coa dálemnaib, BDD § 146 (LU). do ronnairidhibh ┐ do dháileaṁnaibh, Keat. 5341 .

METAPH. A cup or ladle for distributing drink. dalem di glain for gach lestar, RC ix 468. 11 .

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