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abel

Cite this: eDIL s.v. abel or dil.ie/50001
Last Revised: 2019

n (cf. Latin obolus, see EIF 595 ) a coin of small value, a penny (?): is laisin mnai cuit marlestra .i. abel 'the wife has a share of the large vessels, i.e. a penny', CL 160.4 .

acallam

Cite this: eDIL s.v. acallam or dil.ie/114
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: ac(c)aldam, acaldaim, acallaim, agacallaim, acacallaim, agallaimh, agallam, accaldam, accallam, acallmad, tagallmhadh, agallmha, aghalladh, agailt

ā, f. vn of ad-gládathar. O.Ir. ac(c)aldam. n s. acaldaim, Trip.² 1486 . acallaim, Anecd. ii 51.12 . agacallaim, acacallaim, BB 493a3, 10 (dittography? Cf. Alex. 543 ff. ) agallaimh f., IGT Decl. § 37. Verbs § 65 . As o, m. ? g s. a rīgdamna acallaim cēir, BDC 110.105 . (?) a s. agallam, Stair Erc. 2234 , d s. accaldam, Wb. 3c4 . accallam, Ann. Conn. 1255.8 . Later also acallmad, etc. an tagallmhadh , ML 48.y , 44.z . agallmha (:tharla), Content. viii 20 . Keat. ii 2687 . aghalladh, Luc. Fid. 196.17 . agailt, O'Rah. xvi 51 .

Act of addressing, conversing with; address, colloquy: acallaim .i. a salutatione , O'Mulc. 71 . accaldam auctor ind recto inso `this is an address to the teachers of the Law', Wb. 3c4 . acaltam geinte inso, 4d4 . mad aill duib cid accaldam neich diib `if ye desired even to converse with any one of them', 13b3 . ba mór meld a acaldam `his converse was very delightful', Thes. ii 291 § 6 (Hy. i). oc accaldim dé, Wb. 15a20 . lais feisin cen acaldaim nach aili gl. cum secum aliquis loquitur, Sg. 153b7 . co rorosind mo ṡaith for tacaldaimsiu `that I might attain to have my fill of discourse with thee', Mon. Tall. 136.27 (§ 25) . ba imned la Fráech cen acallaim na ingine, TBFr. 155 . a trian rocharsa[t] Coin Culainn batis [d]aill cot acallaim, RC viii 60.15 . ` i.e. those who loved C.Ch. used to assume blindness (i.e. imitate his blemish) when talking to anybody', O'Brien, Celtica iv 98 . tair d'agalladh Adhamnáin TFrag. 80.15 . acallaim inclethi, MR 178.19 .

In sense of dealing with, coping with: nach raichnea . . . sluag acallma Ulad champions capable of dealing with the Ulstermen, TBC-LL¹ 5088 . fo-gēbait a n-acallaim lind sund 'they will find their match here with us', BDC 130.407, 258.580 . i modh agallmha, Content. viii 3 .

In later lang. also with follg. prep.: ag agailt fa'n scéal discussing the matter, O'Rah. xvi 51 . ag aghalladh ar na [n]aomhuibh calling upon the saints, Luc. Fid. 196.17 .

In IGT vocative case : faisnéis is agalluimh a n-énrann (a metrical fault), IGT Introd. § 2 (2.27) . IGT Metr. Faults § 23 . a fhiora as cóir ann ó ghairm agallmha, IGT Introd. § 78 (20.6) . lochdach [agalluimh] a ttús chomhfhocuil, § 97 (24.22) . ailm na hagallmha the vocative particle, § 129 (29.23) .

acarb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. acarb or dil.ie/120

Forms: aggarb, adgarb, adhgharbh, agharbh

adj o, ā (ad + garb). aggarb, Desid. Gloss. Later also adgarb ( Celtica i 338 ). adhgharbh, PCT 332, 533, 1049 . agharbh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 499 , 544 .

Very rough, very fierce: acer .i. agarb, Ir. Gl. 385 . accra .i. ai agarb, O'Mulc. 14 . caillech . . ./ is sí acgarb écosmail, Metr. Dinds. iv 138.72 . robdar scairbigi acgarba in coicer sin, Anecd. i 46.15 . in cend attnech a.¤ mór út, RC xiv 428.5 ( LL 12977 ). na n-athach n-uathmar n-agarbh, BB 43b3 . slíabh cairrcidhe acarbh, CCath. 1338 . in tsrotha aggairp, Fl. Earls 88.4 . inna haidchi imdorcha acgairbi, TTebe 267 . cech finna sescnidi imluati a.¤ (of hair), RC xiv 404.7 ( LL 12638 ). agastar agarb iarrain a rough bridle of iron, SG 260.15 . lán an eascra aghghairbh iairnaidhe, Feis Tighe Chonáin 544 . cath . . . agarb, Cog. 110.12 . conid eccenais accarb do na pecdachaib, PH 3478 .

Compar. and superl.: acairbiu hé . . . andá tír na pían (of a wall of fire), LU 2221 ( FA 29 ). mas re fiadh is acairbi nas is aithgin isin coin a deer that is fiercer than he, Laws v 194.24 Comm. slíabh . . . is accairbhi do ṡleibhtibh, CCath. 1202 .

Adv.: co áigthide ┐ co ha.¤ , LU 2131 ( FA 20 ). secib ni raiter co hacgarb, Auraic. 466 = co hacarp, 2931 .

Cf. athgarb.

ad-gair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-gair or dil.ie/453
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: ad-gaur, adgair, adgair, -acair, atgairith, adgairet, -acrait, adgairther, -agarthar, -acarthar, -acarar, -agartar, -acair, ad-gaura, -acrai, -aigera, -aicerat, -aigérthar, ad-gérad, adobragart, adrograd, agartha, acrae, acraid

v ( Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 533 ). Forms: Indic. pres. 1 s. ad-gaur, Thes. ii 228.30 (PCr.). adgairim, LU 10289 . 2 s. adgair, Laws ii 118.24 . 3 s. adgair, Laws v 100.21 . -acair, Laws i 102.x . 2 pl. atgairith, Wb. 9c22 . 3 pl. adgairet, O'Dav. 136 . -acrait, Laws v 118.10 . Pass. sg. adgairther, Críth G. 61 . -agarthar, Cóic Con. 29 § 12 . -acarthar, Ériu xvi 181 § 20 . -acarar, Ériu ii 206 § 26 . Pl. -agartar, Cóic Con. 29 § 12 . Ipv. 2 s. -acair, KMMisc. 262.13 . Subj. pres. 3 s. ad-gaura (ad-gara v.l.), Anecd. iii 26.6 . -acrai (acro, v.l.), 22.22 . Fut. 3 s. -aigera, Laws i 272.11 Comm. 3 pl. -aicerat, Laws i 116.26 Comm. Pass. sg. -aigérthar, MR 294.2 . Condit. 3 s. ad-gérad, Ériu xvii 70 § 13 . ( Laws iv 220.7 ). Perf. 3 s. adobragart, Wb. 19b5 . Pass. sg. adrograd, Wb. 3c22 .

Verbal of necess. agartha, O'D. 546 (H 3.17, 436).

Vn. acrae.

Later as simple vb. acraid. IGT Verbs § 47 .

(a) adgaur no duttluchur gl. conuenio, Thes. ii 228.30 ( PCr. 60a5 ). adgairim firu chóicid Chonchobair immá rig, LU 10289 . is and adragart Sencha . . . ``na curid cor díb'' or se called out(?), IT i 67.9 . adrograd cath uadib impu battle was offered(?), LL 22531 ( Dinds. 158 ). doberthar in cath acruim `the battle will be fought which I proclaim', Fen. 376.19 .

(b) sues, prosecutes, impleads, accuses: ní dilgaid a n-ancride dogníther frib act atgairith `but ye complain of it (i.e. make it a cause of action)', Wb. 9c22 . sech ni acrathar ni tacrathar `neither suit nor levy is made against them' Ériu xvi 181 § 20 . deoraid bis for snadugh ni acuir ni acurthur i.e. he has no ordinary legal status O'D. 48 (H 3.17, c.43). fer adgair ┐ adgairther, Triads 161 . ni agarur nach cintuch acht do roith logh fiach adroillithur, Laws ii 14.y . ni agraid filidh acht fioruibh fer fatha, Ériu xiii 17.26 . a[i]r ad-gérad cách di threbairi mani dénta[e] ruidles de `for everyone would sue on the ground of the owner's responsibility', Ériu xvii 70 § 13 ( Laws iv 220.7 ). is co nog-dire . . . atgairter `it is impleaded with full díre', Ériu xii 83.23 . nach coimdedh beas mo logh ne[i]ch adgair fri hinbleoghuin of that which he claims against the surety-kinsman, Laws ii 14.19 . in file . . . acras in mhed na dlighenn, i 58.17 Comm. is e in lin coibdelach acerus in rath, ii 208.25 . curub grad sechta ac aidbred a sét ac duine is isli inás ┐ curab nech ni adagara, O'D. 1632 (H 5.15, 17). is ed adgair o rigaib `this is what he sues from kings', Laws v 100.21 . ite cealla ind-so o nach acrait airchindig a leasa, inge ma deoru De atgaru uadaib ar etgo i n-eclais De, 118.10 . rohagrad Cúchulaind annsin ó Ultaib C. was then sued by the Ulstermen, Ériu i 126.1 . re foraithmet na fala ro haccradh etorra that was a matter of dispute AFM vi 2266.6 . aigeóraidh sé an domhan, John xvi 8 . dá n-agra coir 'n-ar gcoinne / tagra ni fhoil agoinn-ne if thou urgest sin against us, DDána 25.4 . . . . dá ngéar-agra / an troigh 'san taobh `if Thou bringest against me the wounding of Thy foot and side', Dán Dé xvi 15 . d'éigsibh Éireann is anait / ionnmhus dā n-agraid Bréithnigh if the men of B. should demand wealth, O'R. Poems 2054 . agrais Muire . . . / mar nar dhiúlt dí o thosach he implored Mary, A. Ó Dálaigh l 28 .

(c) Various: adobragart gl. [quis] uos fascinauit [non obedire ueritati], Wb. 19b5 . ( Galatians iii 1 ) leg. fascenauit 'he [the Devil] has seduced you ' Ogma 239 , 'bewitched' LOIG 39 . In phrases, a.¤ x imm y sues x for y: mas a naenfecht ro hacrad he im fiach a laime, Laws iii114.z . créad an chóir . . . fa n-aguir inis Alban, TD 24.4 . a.¤ x i(n-) y: nech donair for imdecht . . . cén mbes sorchu al-lá ní hacarar ind he is not sued for it, Ériu ii 206 § 26 . ná hagair inn sa gcánaidh, DDána 24.24 . do agradaois a ghaol isan gcion `they would sue his kin for the crime', Keat. i 68.16 . agraim ad ghealladh thú I earnestly beseech you in virtue of your promise, Mac Aingil 320 . aigéoram in gach gellad dibh-sin é, BCC 116.33 . a.¤ x for y sues y in the matter of x: sechipe tra adgaura in cain-si in domnaig gid fora athuir, Anecd. iii 26.6 . co nderna cert frit do neoch adgair fair `in what thou suest him for', Laws ii 118.24 . ni acuir in fechiumh for in cintuch in aithghin, 16.9 Comm. ná hacair for cill (chill v.l.) `do not sue the clergy', KMMisc. 262 § 15 . nī ba hē cētní aicēras demon form-sa īar n-dul anúnd, MacCongl. 25.3 . in adbaid a naigérthar uirre a h-uilc (of the soul) MR 294.2 . ni h-anagra acht fir flatha agairther oirne, 160.11 . mairg ar a n-aigeora a ḟuil, Aithd. D. 68.12 . agraigh sé orra a choingheall `forces his terms upon them', Content. v 102 . agrais E. . . . / a chunnradh ar Coin gCuluinn, DDána 82.24 . do agair a fhīch ┐ a aimréir ar Ulltaibh vented his anger on, ML² 1199 . mun agaradh a fhuaith ar bhoin `unless he vented his hatred on a cow', Ó Bruad. iii 170.12 . looks after, tends (cf. ar-gair): i tig fir adgair búar maige Tethrai, Comp. CC 26 § 17 . ni tualaing ben ro-ria ni sech oen a cenn: ada-gair a athair i-mbe (leg. mbi) ingen . . . ada-gairet a mme[i]cc i-mbi be clainne .i. urgairid a athair hi ínas (leg. anas) ingen do hi her father looks after her when she is a maiden (un married), Ir. Recht 35 § 38 . forbids, prevents: rafetarsa as peccad comaccobor hore adrograd gl. nam concupiscentiam nesciebam nisi lex diceret: non concupisces ( Romans vii 7 ), `I know that concupiscence is sin because it has been forbidden', Wb. 3c22 . adgairet .i. urgairet, ut est dechmada ┐ primiti ┐ almsana argairet ré cuaird dunebath i.e. tithes etc. prevent the plague, O'Dav. 136 .

1 aingel

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aingel or dil.ie/1364

Forms: a., a., aingil, angil, aingiul, aingil, angil, aingliu, a., anglib, aingeal, aingil, aingli

n o, m. (Lat. angelus). n s. a.¤ , Thes. ii 242.3 (Ardm.). a s. a.¤ , 6 . g s. aingil, Ml. 77d16 . angil, Wb. 32c7 . d s. aingiul, Ml. 16c12 . n p. aingil, Ml. 112b20 . angil, Wb. 32b5 . a p. aingliu, Ml. 142d1 . g p. a.¤ , Ml. 112b19 . d p. anglib, Wb. 18c11 . aingeal m. (g s. aingil; n p. id. and aingli), IGT Decl. § 53 .

Angel: a.¤ ab eo quod est angelus .i. bonus nuntius .i. dagt[h]echtaire, Corm. Y 72 . aingiul fortachtan, Trip.² 253 . ro rádi int aingil fri P., 1276 . tongu-sa . . . tar mo nóebaingliu, Ériu ii 196 § 13 . nach tabuir logud don a.¤ o darigne imarbas (of Lucifer), Laws i 10.8 Comm. teora cumala do gach mac . . . ┐ do gach ingin a dualgas Dé go cenn uii. mbliadhan . . . uair is amail aingil iat in fat sin, O'Curry 1829 ( 23 Q 6 , 47b ). os cinn na n-uile aingeal / don chuire ḟind archaingeal, IGT Decl. ex. 1347 . mh'fhoghlaidh ┐ mh'aingeal / fan anmain ag iomadh guardian angel , Dán Dé viii 8 . a aingli his angels , Mac Aingil 880 . a uile náomhaingle ┐ archaingle, Parrth. Anma 4020 . gur ghabh tnúdh na haingle, DDána 41.5 .

In sense of the coin called angel: go scaipe na n-aingeal `and lavishly squandered the angels', Ó Bruad. ii 24.z . Perh. also: secht n-aingelgeine (a.¤ geine?) . . . hi nglāim digind . . . do neoch nād āirthar rīam (penalty for lampooning), ZCP vii 300.22 = Ériu xiii 46.17 . O'D. 947 ( H 3.17, c. 663 ).

airlár

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airlár or dil.ie/2177

n (lár) level surface , used in various applications: orlar gl. vestibulum, Ir. Gl. 704 . issed is coimdigh cathrach ann a hurlar ┐ a reilgi etc. square, market-place(?), Laws v 326.30 Comm. rofegastair . . . urlara fairsingi . . . na cathrach, TTebe 325 . ar orrlar Fhear Muigi `Fermoy's plain', Ériu iv 228.3 . i folach fond erlar sa floor , LU 175 . luid is 'tech rigda co mbái forsin irlár, RC xxvi 12 § ix . for irlar in tigi, BB 240a2 . dá tairnad snáthad a féci for a.¤ , MU² 232 . a fraighthi ┐ a hurlair (of a house), Laws v 326.13 . for urlar in pupaill, RC x 346.1 . urlár an búailte threshing floor , Numbers xviii 30 . urláir iorghoile battle-field , DDána 102.46 . ar orlár na hanma surface (as of a coin), TSh. 1353 . ar urlár in glenna in the bottom of the glen, Comp. CC 87.29 . go horlár corcaighe `to the bottom of a morass', Aithd. D. 4.12 . Fig. títhe orláir do ghruadh ngeal, Studies 1921, 74 § 6 . úrlar cnocach clasdomain . . . caoilédain expanse of forehead, Caithr. Thoirdh. 104.13 . echlach urláir household servant, menial (see O'Rahilly, Ériu ix 15, 95 ). is imdha taisteallach sibhail ┐ echlach urláir, CF² 913 . Note also: buachaill d'orlár an áigh, DDána 106.7 . Cf. dée úrláir household gods, Ériu ix 15 . i riocht gósda nó sbrid úrláir `family spirit', ib. With prepp.: ar urlár in croinn cesta on , ZCP vi 84.10 . ar úrlár na croiche ina Pháis, Eochairsg. 28.3 . i n-urlár éinbháirce in a single boat, DDána 107.1 . a horlár aigeanta an duine from a person's mind, TSh. 8723 . In n.loc. Caiseal an Urláir, AFM ii 1146.8 .

airlimm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airlimm or dil.ie/2217
Last Revised: 2019

n, n. vn. of ar-ling. act of jumping forward(?). Used of a type of trespass, perh. temporary trespass, involuntary trespass . Of animals: tait airlimenda imadichet smachta; cach airlim ria coin no duine; no airlim naibil no omna, no airlim neicne cipsí, Laws iv 92.x . na herlimeanna doslia dilse, 104.6 Comm. treidib miach miter cach nethemain . . . ar airlim; bera de dartaig ar feis, ar is feis cach lige cach tarraidhe, airlim acht na deilset nach tartaidhe, acht tartaide and iar naidh[ch]e, 78.9 (= O'Dav. 694 ) .i. eric airlime orra acht na ro laigit ann, 80.9 Comm. da miach ina feis miach ina n-a.¤ `two sacks for feis trespass and one for a.', 25 Comm. oircc peata bis a lis no a faithche lingeas eirlím a ngort faithche fa di, 108.10 . cairig imorro it smachta airlime do suidib ar ni fil fesa doib, 108.5 Comm. imling in trét oenurlim, O'D. 1671 (H 5.15, p. 25b). tri meich ar tri hairleman, O'Curry 843 ( H 3.18, 384a ). Of bees: ar is do airlimennaib sin na tuilli aithgein na smacht la comaithchiu .i. airlim dia n-airister a n-érae fris 'for it is in respect of those "leaping-trespasses" that it does not entail restitution or fine among neighbours, i.e. a 'leaping-trespass' for which it comes about that they are refused in spite of him', Bechbretha 186 (b)​ . Cf. forlaim(m).

airmaisid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airmaisid or dil.ie/2238

v (airmaisiu)

(a) hits the mark, aims at, strikes: ni anad co n-ermaised in ubull no bíd for cind in chualli until he hit the apple, LL 14424 . dus an ermaismís a lín an tsluaigh, CS 52.23 (perh. a mistake; in ruirmemis, RC xvii 143.18 , Tig.). rodiormuis an teidhm tar nach dtíaghar `the disease from which there is no escape attacked him', ALC ii 402.4 . a Éisirt nit lenbaide / is fer fíre rot ermuis, SG 241.5 . commáin ria cur romermais `it has fallen to my lot to make requital therein', Metr. Dinds. iii 54.13 . rosirmais óen-ainm uile `one name served for all', iv 136.40 . ór do urmaised sén . . . do'n ard-fhlaith `was ordained', MR 106.7 . caoi . . . gur ur[mh]ais `till she had recourse to weeping', A. Ó Dálaigh li § 24 . urmaisdir `it is ascertained', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 152.4 . With FOR (AR) hits on, comes upon, finds: da n-urmaisi tú uirre, ní roithfe tú tairrsi even if thou dost find her, Ériu iii 164 § 20 . nir urmaiseadar ar h-Isu, YBL 147b39 . nir urmais ar a leas `he could find no way of bettering his case', Duan. F. ii 110 § 38 . ro urmais bó . . . foran erlamh, `one of the cows . . . chanced on the patron', BNnÉ 127 § 15 . is ann sin ro h-úrmhaisead aco-sum ar aenchomairli, MR 314.13 . na hescaraird ar a nuirmeosadh, Caithr. Thoirdh. 74.24 . amail roermais forro `as they came to his mind', Grail 2567 . Equivalent to fétaid: ro tinnscain . . . for tabairt a coibsena . . . amail is dicra ro fet ┐ ro irmuis forro, Grail 1133 . With I: rourmais se . . . isin glenn i rabadar na Coin chanced to come into, ZCP xiii 214.3 .

(b) manages to, succeeds in, can: innis dūn nī dia maithis. ni ermaisim or seisen, Ériu ii 28 § 10 . cure airddmes dun tarsin slōg . . . is mesc lemsa anisiu, ni ermaissim, TBC-I¹ 294 . níro hairmised cóir a dénma . . . cusinnocht, Airne F. 207 . co na ro-ermaisetar . . . descaid do chumasc ar in mein, PH 5076 . conar urmais ríghi . . . d'ordugud `he was unable to rule . . .', Ériu iii 150 § 2 . ní urmhais neach ní do rádh, DDána 29.18 . co nár urmaisettar a neolaigh saighidh gus an ionadh chinnte, AFM vi 2282.x .

Cf. ar-midethar.

1 aithech,

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aithech, or dil.ie/2605
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: athach, athaig

n o, m. (aithe). See LEIA a.¤ (cóir), athach, eathach (lochdach) m., IGT Decl. § 11 , § 55 . Note however, athaig (g s.): athair, Éigse viii 290 § 12 and n. 0

Lit. rent-payer; vassal, peasant .

(a) In legal contexts used of a particular class of tenant and sometimes to describe the commoner as opposed to the noble. See Críth G. p. 74 ; ZCP xv 245 . ethach .i. quasi aithech .i. doniter a aithe for neach, O'Curry 105 ( H 3.18, 70 ). a.¤ .i. fer braith ut est taidhe cach a.¤ .i. is amail gataide in fer braith nó in fer forinaiter féich, O'Dav. 37 . Cf. táid gach a.¤ | a.¤ gach ainbh, Ériu xiii 20.14 . a.¤ = briuga, Harl. 5280, 53b (Plummer MS. notes). athaigh .i. íocaidhe, O'Cl. flaith ┐ a.¤ `lord and vassal', Thes. ii 238.12 ( Ardm. 17a2 ). fri tige cach na.¤ , Ml. 92d15 . athaig ┐ bachlaich domeled sin uile, SCano 345 . flaith athuigh na bid flaith a athair i.e. a noble whose father was a commoner, `Bauer-Herr', ZCP xv 245 § 4 . ní dlig a.¤ mraich cor[o]p flaith, Críth G. 254 . díre n-aithig honour-price paid by an a., 530 . athich cacha slointe di ṡhund huma anechclann the commoners of every family from here on with their e., Rawl. 118b38 . adnacol do cholaind aithich thuaithe a peasant of the tribe (laity?), RC x 82.12 . soifid roúall . . . i mmaccu a.¤ .i. grád fene no chille, LL 188c1 ( RC xxvi 42.1 ). ait[h]ech cách co hEogan húais, ZCP viii 299 z . ísel cech athech, Tec. Corm. § 15.15 . ó a.¤ co righ, ML² 836 . athig i comairli ríg / mairg tír i tic in scél, Ériu ix 48 § 23 . aondath i n-éadach moghaidh, dá dhath i n-éadach an aithigh, Keat. ii 1918 . aithigh Laighion / siad ós maithibh measfuidhior, LBranach 5776 = DDána 117.16 . gach saoirfhear ann badh aitheach, 72.32 . Prov.: as ait[h]ech cāch gan deōladh no one is so exalted but he can do with assistance(?), ML² 162 .

With qualifying clause, gen., etc. a.¤ ara-threba a deich (so called because his stock is numbered in tens, and represented as standing midway between the ócaire and the bóaire, Críth G. p. 77 ): cateat fodlai bóairech? dá ḟer midboth(a) ┐ óccaire ┐ a.¤ arathreba a deich, 17 . a.¤ arathreba a deich, deichde a búar sidi, 132 . a.¤ baitside (baitsid, baitse), meaning doubtful; is é a.¤ baitside inso dia mbé in[n]a enncai cen gait, cen brait cen guin doíne acht láa catha nó nech toṡaig a chenn fair, Críth G. 142 and n. a.¤ forrtha (fortha), one appointed to take the king's place in legal actions against him, see forrtha.¤ im athechu bunaid (.i. na aithig ḟortha) im athechu cis (.i. na doerchele), Cóic Con. 21 § 14 .

(b) In pejorative sense churl, boor, uncouth person: contall a chenn dind aithiuch labar, Ml. 58c6 . in triar a.¤ . . . ro anacht Cú Ch., BDD² 1287 . robo leanamnach int a.¤ (aidech, LU), TBC-I¹ 1207 . ni thecat da fuapairt / acht [mad] athig mith, TBC-LL¹ 3371 (see meth). is duit dosratsam ┐ ni dont ṡenaithiuch ucat (of Rónán), Fing. R. 67 . ni tú as cóir dia chairigud . . . a.¤ samlut (of Lugaid Mac Con), RC xiii 438 § 9 . bríathra athig churlish words, LU 5450 (TBC). in t-eathach, Acall. 5532 . dias aitheach oc ingairi cairech, YBL 122a2 . cumala ┐ athig na Pers, Alex. 390 . athig ┐ doeraicme, TTr.² 1303 . ar ba haitheach somh a h-ucht treóin `being a plebeian representative of a hero', AFM iii 178.17 . a tigh aithigh ┐ áonmná / caithidh sibh an cáomlá ar cúairt, IGT Decl. ex. 363 .

In phr. a.¤ feda base tree (oppd. to aire feda). Used of letters of the alphabet: athaigh feada, Laws iv 146.19 , 24 . airigh fedha ┐ athaig fedha . . . athaig fedha .i. fern, sail, bethi etc., Auraic. 1151 = aithig, 4249 .

(c) giant, monster: immacomarnaic dó ┐ don scál. tresi cluchi ind athig, LU 8538 ( FB § 39 ). da aitheach forgranna, Aisl. Tond. 98 § 1 . ar neimib a n-arm na n-athach n-uathmar n-agarbh, BB 43b1 . lorg in fhathaigh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1006 . ris an athach darbh ainm Goliath, TSh. 10937 . combarala dam ┐ dond a.¤ (of the Cyclops), Mer. Uil. 56 . ethach ┐ arderrad ┐ fogmoir, Stair Erc. 1290 . is i in [n]aithir neime .i. in t-a.¤ aingide (of the custodian of the Garden of the Hesperides), 254 . tú an aithir sheang . . . / is ceann aithigh uirrei-se, DDána 50.10

COMPDS. ¤-aicme vassal tribe: seacht n-aitheachaicme robadar isin tir re tiachtain de Uib Eachach, ZCP xiv 44 § 6 . ¤-lus lit. churl's herb (protection against the evil eye ? Celtica xxiv 38 ): righlus ┐ tarblus ┐ a. . . . a. do ghradaibh feine, O'D. 2365 ( Rawl. B. 506, f. 43b ). ¤-matad base dog (term of contempt): ni tocrad dam int aitheachmattud [do] gleid (glieid, LU) frisin coin moir, TBC-I¹ 1228 . aithechmadad druthsotal, 1594 . ciarso dúal don athiuch-matud saigid forsin árchoin, TBC-LL¹ 1935 . ¤-phort rent-paying town: trí aithechpuirt (.i. bailte bodaich) Hérenn: Clúain Iraird, Glenn Dá Locha, Lugbad, Triads 33 and note p. 36.

¤-thúath subject people (see Mac Neill, Early Irish Population-Groups, PRIA xxix (C) 59 - 114 , O'Rahilly, EIHM p. 154 ff. ): ro díbdáit uili cland Ugaine Máir la athechthúathaib Herend . . . ┐ ro gabsat athechthuatha Herend flathemnas Temrach, LL 7308 . ba di athechthuathaib Herend dó, 14616 . na haitheachthúatha ┐ Cinél Conaill . . . ag argain an bhaile, Ériu v 76.16 . le daorchlannaibh nó lé hathachthuathaibh Éireann, Keat. ii 3702 . annam lib athechthuatha do tháinsemad bartrenfer, LL 238b25 ( TTr. 1617 ).

See next.

aithrech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aithrech or dil.ie/2769

adj (See Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 134 , Vendr. Lex.). Always as predicate with copula. In Old Irish in two constructions.

(a) With copula and inf. pron.: nipadnaidrech a ndurairngert gl. sine penitentia enim sunt dona . . . Dei `what he has promised he will not repent of', Wb. 5c9 . is bæs intan dungni nech olc issid na.¤ fuchetoir, Ml. 90d12 . issinn a.¤ . . . a ndoringénsam risin fer we regret what we have done, TBFr. 245 . an sruith ruglan in conair / dīa domnaig badid n-aithreg he repented of it, ZCP iii 228.19 . batin aithrig is tír thall, Ériu i 68 § 3 . ? ropsam a.¤ isin ngním-sin, PH 702 . Exceptionally: intan as a.¤ ní du thabairt gl. quique mota sententia largiendi auertunt etc. lit. when it is regret? (`when he repents of giving some- thing'), Ml. 93a23 .

(b) With copula and prep. LA: nipa aidrech lib a fulang ye will not regret having suffered them (troubles, 2 Thessal. i 5 ), Wb. 25d9 . ní aidrech limm quod scripsi gl. non commisceri, 9b20 . nírbu a.¤ limsa, 16b6 . rap a.¤ leis a marbad, LL 287a45 . a.¤ lim-sa . . . mo deoraidecht, LB 134a19 . biaidh aimsir bhus aithreach libh `a time when thou wilt regret', TD 21.12 .

In more general construction: bid a.¤ a coll chid iartain, IT i 70.11 (LMU) asbert in ben ropad a.¤ ind ḟáboll. Dolotar cammae `their going would make them rue', Imr. Brain § 63 . bid a.¤ ón is iasacht `ye shall rue loan and lending', Metr. Dinds. iii 454.68 . menbad athber co nathlech / ni bad a.¤ ar comol, Ériu v 210.47 ( LL 14475 ). gan bheith le Dia is ann bhus aithreach, Dán Dé x 27 . With prep. DO: aithreach dhamh nach dearna mé / toil Íosa . . ., Dán Dé xiii 6 . as edh ón ná ba a.¤ do Coin-bretan `of this C. had no reason to repent', RC xxiv 48 § 5 . go ndearna . . . taom budh aithreach dá aigneadh `deed of which his heart might repent', TD 17.59 . Compar.: ni dernus ríamh gníomh as aithrighe lem ina sin `which I more repented than that', Ériu v 198.616 .

2 alt, allt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 alt, allt or dil.ie/3017
Last Revised: 2019

n o, m., f., neut. Ériu xliii 208 , LEIA A-63 . height, cliff: all ┐ a.¤ ab altitudine , O'Mulc. 36 . Ériu xiii 61 § 2 . a.¤ ar a.¤ is cnoc ar cnoc, Duan. F. i 41.25 . teid . . . Ænias for bend aillt `went to the top of a cliff', Aen. 271 . tuitiss sīoss re beinn an ailt, Fl. Earls 86.z . a imluadh taran allt n-adhuathmar, Lism. L. 4834 . ba cuma nobhíttís isin allt sin ois allta ┐ miola muighe, BS 72 . eter cnoccaib ┐ alltaib ┐ ardaib, PH 502 . go ndroigheanuibh gheineas as áltuibh ┐ as cnocuibh, Deuteronomy viii 7 . ? tuc brosnaigi ar almaib a.¤ , LL 16772 . ? doníther linne . . . droichitt na n-a.¤ , RC xxix 118 § 15 `leap' (cf. a.¤ .i. leim, O'Cl.).

Of a downward drop, valley; abyss : ceithre coin allta dom rébad ┐ mo breith dóib triasin raithnig ┐ mo thuitimm i n-allt mór 'valley', CCellaig² 11.355 . eadram is allt na cróine `the pitch-black abyss' (of hell), Aithd. D. 49.37 . ? fochairt i n-alt in maro depths (?), LU 1725 (perh. for 1 all, cf. all moro, RC xi 452.2 ).

Compd. ¤-dorcha: don tuinn a. from the towering dark wave, Measgra D. 50.27 (faltdorcha dark-maned, v.l., Gloss.). See 3 ailt.

1 árach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 árach or dil.ie/3926

Forms: arag, airge

n o, n. n p. arag, Laws i 260.15 . airge, Cóic Con. 15 § 2 (see GOI § 280 ). Later m. Vn. of ad-rig, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 592 .

(a) act of binding, tying; bond, fetter: res in coin na fetar d'arach, Laws iii 416.16 Comm. cibe inad . . . i nderna fer araigh arach `wherever the man who ties [the cow] performs the tying', 228.13 Comm. fot in araig, 412.21 Comm. airge con anaithne, O'Curry 2510 ( Eg. 88 41b ) = erge con, Laws iii 416.6 - 11 (see eirge). būrach .i. bō ┐ ārach, Corm. Y 131 (cf. bárach). a druith na halla / sen araigh corra / croma cama fodchossaigh bindings, shoes(?), IT iii 99.1 . cú áraig `a chained hound', Triads 168 . loman áraig leash , see loman and cf. cona.¤ dog-chain, leash , TBC-LL¹ 1003 .

(b) act of binding, guaranteeing (a contract or other legal obligation or transaction); bond, guarantee: ailid cac otrus a arag hi coraib bel `every sick-maintenance entails its binding (i.e. must be secured) by contracts', BCrólige 55 . a harach: arach fir fri firgilli the binding of evidence takes place with proper pledges (Thurn.), Cóic Con. 17 § 4 . issed coir cach troiscthe . . . arach for soraith nad elai `the security of a good surety who would not evade', Laws i 118.6 . faill . . . do feichemnaib lecud a naraig do derna dar a cenn `breaking their bond', Laws iii 512.1 ( O'Dav. 169 ). mad tuc arach re airisemh uirre, O'D. 538 (H 3.17, c. 433) `if he gave surety to abide by the decision', Plummer MS notes. gell ria narach geall iar narach, O'Curry 2719 ( Eg. 88, 61(62)a ). breth gin dilsi gin arach, 2290 ( Eg. 88, 21(22)d ). inann a nepert ┐ a ná.¤ , 535 (H 3.18, 265b) `their word is as good as their bond', Plummer MS. notes. ? dul do chennach gin airrchi, Ériu xiii 62 § 7 ( Triads § 74 ) (cf. airrach). If certain relatives of a dead man have all pre-deceased him then the person who inherits his `díbad' is: in fear uasal a.¤ in geilfine, O'D. 740 (H 3.17, c. 538).

In literary texts: dogen-sa aní . . . acht nar milter úaib-si a n-arach on condition that the pledge be not violated by you, LU 5849 (TBC). ní géb-sa gan á.¤ / dáig nim láech gan lámach I will not undertake it without security, TBC-LL¹ 3044 . tan nad rabe naidm nó á.¤ nó aitire acht fiadnaissi namma, LL 4996 . do tarlaic dar ārach uad `in violation of a bond', Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 20.3 . gan urradha gan á.¤ , AFM vi 1988.16 . ro naidhm árách (sic) ┐ rátha fair, 2046.18 . fonaiscis fair araige, ZCP iii 247.6 . ocht dtrátha ar atach á.¤ / [. . .] na n-ocht ndubhálach `to implore safeguards', Dán Dé xxiv 2 . fagaibh-si Teamhraig . . . re bliadain . . . dóigh tarrus á.¤ orum-sa uime sin `I have pledged myself to this', Ériu iii 154 § 8 . is andsin tarroidh Meadhbh modh n-aroidh ar Fer nDiag um an comhrag do dhénamh, ZCP x 278.8 = ra siacht M. máeth n-áraig bar F., TBC-LL¹ 3163 . táirthis baéth n-araig fair, RC xiii 106.8 ( LL 306b15 ) (see maeth).

(c) favourable opportunity, advantage, opening (frequ. with for (ar) of dat. incommodi): ōtconncatar dā mac Sgōrāin . . . á.¤ comlainn uirri `a chance of fighting against it', Fianaig. 64.19 . iarras do námhaid á.¤ ort seeks an opportunity against thee, TSh. 7762 . iarrais a.¤ ar an rígh gur marbhadh leis é `sought an opportunity and killed the king', Keat. ii 660 . mná i n-iodhnaibh . . . / gan á.¤ ar sgur dá mbrón, Measgra D. 5.34 . do-chuaid d'iarraidh áraigh air to get a chance to reform him(?) (Monica and Augustine), DDána 59.10 . á.¤ na humhlachta d'iarraidh to seek an opportunity to practise humility(?), TSh. 185 . fo-gaib (gaibid) á.¤ for (ar): ní faghthar, ní fríoth, á.¤ / orra fa Art Chaomhánach no chance was found to attack them under Art, DDána 100.24 . fuaradar Fionnlochlonnaigh . . . á.¤ ar bheith ag aithmhilleadh Éireann, Keat. iii 2911 . á.¤ ní fhaghaim ar shuan, Measgra D. 5.45 . nir gabadh á.¤ oruinn osin alé, ZCP i 131.24 .

Note further: in uair na raibhe á.¤ acut fén ort `when you had no power over yourself', PH 7391 . gidh nach bhfuil arach air though there is no help for it, Fen. 69 n.7 . ríodhamhna saor somholta / ar nach bhfuil neart nō á.¤ , O'R. Poems 1090 . an uair is mó bhíd i n-á.¤ a n-ilchleas rely on, TSh. 528 . conid he arach a raíníg . . . a cor a tenid ┐ a losgadh plan, BB 417a16 .

See also árad.

árchú

Cite this: eDIL s.v. árchú or dil.ie/4012
Last Revised: 2013

n (ár + cú, cf. We. aergi. St. fr. Táin Gloss. suggests two words, this and archú watchdog but see EIF 115 n. 82 ).

(a) war-hound, slaughter- hound (some exx. could belong to (b) infra): atá á.¤ (.i. cú doratad dar muir .i. cuilen brotcon) lem-sa . . . tri slabrada fair ┐ triar cacha slabraide. A hEspáin dosfucad, LU 5001 = archu, TBC-I¹ 512 ; á.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 1003 . oslaicther dún dond archoin, 1007 . is londbruth n-archon (árchon v.l.) cách tanic and, 5316 . imar glimnaig n-árchon hi fotha, LU 6463 (TBC). cethrar farchon fogharg, ZCP ii 144.31 . amail arcono ut canes rabidi , Aisl. Tond. vii 3 . archoin .i. coin dásachtacha, O'Cl. Fig. of a warrior: erig a árchu Emna, TBC-LL¹ 3977 . līnais Nia . . . slōgaib cach māirrīg ārchoin, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 18.y . cloicthech T. . . . do loscud lasin archoin cétna .i. la Tigernán, RC xviii 281.20 (Tig.).

(b) watch-dog(?): im archoin, Laws i 126.9 .i. cu araig, cu na tri ngnim .i. dingaib fer forrana, etc., 144.12 Comm. arcu anindli(?), v 250.4 .i. in cu bis ar in arach na ro hindledh re torba, 17 Comm. oc marbadh in arcon anraith, iii 466.27 Comm. archu anrath duine dire ┐ duine marbadh othrus lais acht beith a ngnimaibh techtaibh dingbail fir forrain, O'Curry 2513 ( Eg. 88, 42(43)b ). Meas Roida cétna tecoiscc árchona .i. coin áraigh .i. coin na trí ngním . . . .i. lorgairecht ┐ gabaltaige ┐ dingbáil fir forana, O'D. 985 ( H 3.17, 848 - 849 ); O'Curry 2514 ( Eg. 88, 42(43)b ). archu .i. cú bhios ceangailti, O'Cl. Cerberus archu iffirn, BB 417b38 . con-ogam .i. archu ar aicmi bethi, Auraic. 5741 .

ar-ding

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-ding or dil.ie/4070
Last Revised: 2013

v (dingid or later variant of for-ding Echtrae Chonnlai 180 ) crushes, compresses: arsilsither lāich, diroirpiter coin, ardidsiter eich horses will be crushed, TBC-I¹ 3089 . consāid in rī rūad oirb / ardingg (perh. for arusding, ed.) doibsius the strong king fought for the inheritance, he crushes them . . ., Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 18 § 18 . ? arding a fir mescetlaich .i. bis a cumas a chetuil, O'Dav. 1226 , cf. ar dhiden a ḟir meischedluigh mhuintire for droichbhesaibh, Ériu xiii 18.6 . In Auraic. in phr. airnin a.¤ deḟid lit. n which compresses two letters (the examples are mostly of monosyllables in -nn (-nd) with `middle' quantity of prec. vowel, and the reference is to the change of -nd to -nn. See further s. airnin and 2 forbaid. The reason for the inclusion of leacc in the following ex. is not clear): ernin arding dead amal rogab leacc ┐ ceand ┐ rl., Auraic. 1357 ; 1546 .

ar-foichlea

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-foichlea or dil.ie/4117
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: airichlid, airichill

v (* air-fo-ciall-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 484 ; cf. Ériu xii 135 ). Orig. deponent ( Sg. 209b26 infra). Prot. stem airichl-. Later as simple verb airichlid ( oirchilligid, Ériu xv Supplement 82 ).

(a) gets ready beforehand, prepares, provides for: ní ar maith friu arforchelta act is corpad mithig lessom inducbál dia nóibaib gl. ut ostenderet diuitias gloriae suae . . . quae praeparauit in gloriam suam, Wb. 4c37 . issí dano in chiall hísin araḟocladar som quando dicit in eandem . . . which he takes into account(?), Sg. 209b26 . adgládur nech ria ríg, arfochlim a insce, Comp. CC 7.18 . rofeadarsa or F. damsa araroithcleastar (ararocles v.l. LU) in fer a ḟoillsigud the man has arranged for me to explain it, TBC-I¹ 1138 ( ara roichlestair, ZCP ix 148.10 ). is olc oirchillte (aicillti v.l.) you are badly prepared for it (of death), Dán Dé xxv 20 = TSh. 2693 . dob fhearr liom . . . go n-oirchilltí leó a neithe roidhéidheancha = ac novissima providerent, TSh. 6858 . go ro oirichlit go hairech . . . in slige sin, Fl. Earls 158.1 . gach re corp tar an cubarthuinn / olc oirichlim, IGT Verbs ex. 480 . airchlithear .i. ón oirchill, O'Cl.

(b) looks after, takes care of, attends to: isindí arndam-roichlisse hua bás `Thou hast guarded me from death', Ml. 74d7 . a foichlighe sétt .i. um an sétt airḟoichleas neach aice which somebody guards for himself, O'Curry 234 (H 3.18, 207). airichlis Cathbath C. took care of him, MU² 86 . íarfaigid de in ra hairichlit whether they have been provided for, 796 . frescathar filid .i. . . . urfoichlithar na filid uman ní dlegait, O'Dav. 987 (cf. Ériu xiii 34 ).

(c) prepares against, takes heed, looks out for (esp. of anticipating danger): urfoichlid, ar se, ac seo in t-ael, Laws iii 266.9 Comm. urḟoichlither na tri coin seo co na dernat fogail, 414.24 Comm. urfoicill a foirithin co heallam gach (sic. leg. gan ?) cin do dena[m] tria droch-cell, O'Dav. 1000 . urfoichledh in cach ferus na fuili na roletradh na feithe (gl. focialltar hi fuile fethe), BCrólige 58 gl. 1 . ar foichle nech cert in tan do déna cin no crech let everyone consider legality(?), O'D. 564 (H 3.17, c. 441) = hurfoithligh, O'Curry 2454 ( Eg. 88, f. 37(38)a ). cinnas ḟuirechlem, LL 13935 . iraichlid erachlid, 13926 . ara n-airichlea ┐ ara n-airelma that you take heed of him, TBC-LL¹ 3182 . mairc nateroichligend in muinnter sin, IT i 190.14 = mairg nad foichlend, LU 2225 ( FA 30 ). airichlithir immon samfuin-si dothaet `let them be on their guard next Samuin', RC x 220.86 . arrofochlit . . . firu Erenn . . . co léir in dunibad ticfa doib let the men of Ireland diligently guard against the plague, RC xii 422 § 4 . arfoichlifet fir firu men will be on their guard against men, xxvi 46 § 245 .

Vn. airichill.

ar-gair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-gair or dil.ie/4132
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: aragur, argair, aringair, -urgair, arangairet, aranggairtís, aurgair, airgaired, -airgara, -aridgarad, argerat, ar-gart, argairt, -argart, ararogart, as-rogart, ararograd, arrograd, airgairid, airgarthae, airgaire

v (* air-gair-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 534 ) Indic. pres. 1 s. aragur (argaire v.l.), Ériu ii 200 § 17 . 3 s. argair, aringair, Ml. 27c21 . -urgair, Laws iv 54.15 . 3 pl. arangairet, Wb. 1d7 . Indic. impf. 3 pl. aranggairtís, LU 1695 . Ipv. 2 s. aurgair, Irish Texts i 16 § 48 . 3 s. airgaired, Tec. Corm. § 2.8 . Subj. pres. 3 s. -airgara, Wb. 2c18 . Subj. impf. 3 s. -aridgarad, Sg. 72b6 . Fut. 3 pl. argerat, Ml. 121b8 . Pret. 3 s. ar-gart, Ml. 55c1 . argairt, Thes. ii 335.2 . -argart, Wb. 31c25 ; Ml. 53d9 . Perf. 3 s. ararogart, Wb. 5c23 . ? With as- for ar-: as-rogart, Metr. Dinds. iv 156.134 . Perf. pass. sg. ararograd, Wb. 3c25 . arrograd, 9b13 .

Later as simple verb airgairid.

Part. airgarthae. Cf. airgart.

Vn. airgaire.

(a) forbids, hinders, prevents: amal arrograd descad fo bairgin i sollumun, Wb. 9b13 . cach réit ararogartsom do nebdénum, Wb. 5c23 . na comaccobor ararograd i rect, 3c25 . ergair do mac, a Ioseph, Ériu xviii 10 § 4 . ailid cac otrus humus(a) . . . aragair eslane `which prevents sickness', BCrólige 45 . arrogart P. ina hindsa-so, Laws v 434.1 (= O'Dav. 128 ). astad caich in[a] sochar . . . argair bailiuth in betha, Laws i 50.30 . aatat a tri . . . aragairet re cuairt duinebad, 28 . in lucht ar ar urguir dliged dul a rathaighis, v 226.35 Comm. as do suide ata `forcongair nad urgair', iv 54.15 . ma urgairter a lecan . . . munar forcongrad ┐ mun[a] urccaire[d], v 194.27 Comm. forcongair a fine ar belaib eclasa nadh urghuir a fhlaith, 342.7 Comm. ? aritgair ní cluass ┐ aicsi, O'Dav. 31 . níram irgaire ar C. do not hinder me, LL 12853 . arogart in séitig orguin P., Trip.² 2713 . co n-aurgairedh in fairrge ┐ ni tuidhcedh tairis, Dinds. 125 ( RC xvi 77 ). cach ní roergair uile everything that he forbade, Metr. Dinds. iii 456.76 . ? ni aurgair feil is firinde, O'Curry 1746 ( 23 Q 6, 32 ) = ni aurgaire feil fiss firinde .i. nocha nurgair a firinne imin mbreithemain fis fo aill na nguai, 432 (H 3.18, 234b).

a.¤ x di y hinders y in the matter of x: cia aridrogart (sic leg., edd.) dím sa do guidi siu `though he had forbidden me to pray to thee', Ml. 132a10 . ni bói ni aridgarad de, Sg. 72b6 . ? argair gnímu de adbsib airbrib aidblib aidbsib (.i. ro ergair . . . in molad, etc. no ro ergart gnimu Dé), LU 770 (ACC). ní argara itid díob `as much as quenches their thirst', Mon. Tall. 147.25 (§ 53) . atá lánamnus aragair in brathair diaraili, O'Dav. 94 .

In sense checks, is a match for: argair fichit fand mo chomraic / lór do tríchait trian mo gaili my weakest fighting is a match for twenty, LU 10273 . argair .c. mo chomairche my protection is a match for a hundred, 10275 . frisin coin móir nád n-árgarad, LU 5703 (= narnargarad, TBC-I¹ 1229 ). nochon etarsa indiu / . . . / loech na hurgarad (sic leg.) Cano, Anecd. i 3. 19 ( SCano 63 ). torc atchiu argair gabair, Auraic. 5230 .

(b) Extended applications: argairt . . . cáercha .i. roingair she herded, Thes. ii 335.2 . is cumma argaire[d] cac mboin `equally he would herd every cow', Dinds. 98 ( RC xvi 49 ). is úar fri cloï ṅgaeíthe / do neoch in-gair (ar-gair v.l.) Bū Aīfe, Fing. R. 127 . rom ergair Findchóem brought me up, LU 10302 . cid . . . / argair cechn-ahél athrial / sair siar, etc. what regulates the direction of every wind(?), SR 7935 . ? ceatharda arudgair in focul is mell-breatha, O'Curry 2360 ( Eg. 88, 28(29)a ). Cf. in-gair.

-arlebad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. -arlebad or dil.ie/4176

v comdas rala Coin Chulaind úad bar lár inn átha, mar bad é nacharlebad ríam itir, TBC-LL¹ 3801 ( LL 10757 ). Taken by Windisch as condit. 3 s. of ar-ling.

athchomarc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. athchomarc or dil.ie/4713
Last Revised: 2013

o vn. of ad-comairc. act of asking, enquiry; request, question: arrufoitea epistli uaidib som co n-aidchomarcaib cucisom gl. questionibus, Wb. 9d14 . ail dam ní d'a.¤ huait, SR 1205 . tiagair di a.¤ Cano, Anecd. i 4.18 . arfoemad . . . aithcomarc neich dond áos fuirbti `he would sometimes allow holy persons to consult him', Mon. Tall. 135. 23 (§ 23) . manibé nech aile bes lór laiss . . . do athcomarc fris `if there be no one else of sufficient authority for him to consult with', 160.20 (§ 79) . fritamgair céin . . . / . . . / is ed a.¤ is nesam / dūin diar cobhair, ACL iii 294 § 11 . docuas . . . dia athcomarc dia Mathair dus a ndingned olc, YBL 137a21 . no bíd Poir oc a.¤ Alaxandir dona míledu asking the soldiers about A., Alex. 763 . ba hannfhocal d'feraibh Érenn . . . a athcomarc diaroile an . . ., Leb. Gab.(i) 76.24 . acc á.¤ scél ndó, AFM v 1864.4 . Sense not clear in: cia lin a.¤ fil im cach ernail dibh? . . . a tri . . . roscadh ┐ fasach ┐ testemain, Cóic Con. 26 § 3 . Cf. cóir n-athchomairc below.

In phrases. cenn athchomairc chief counsellor: conda ragbat fir Herend do chomarlid ┐ do chind athchomairc dóib, LU 9665 . ticfea in chaindel do muintir Dé . . . bes chenn n-athchomairc don tua[i]th sea .i. Senán, Trip.² 2427 . iarna comairle re cenn athchomairc bes accu, Laws iii 36.17 Comm. co cend n-athchomairc Muman, co brithem Caisil, Ériu iii 140.157 . ceand áthcomhairc Gearaltach, AFM v 1762.1 . ? Cf. co agu athcomairc, O'D. 1958 ( Eg. 90, 7(8)ab ).

Cóir n-athchomairc, name of one of the procedures used in deciding a law case, see Cóic Con. p. 3 , 10 - 11 . coic conara fugill fegaiter and .i. fir et dliged, cert ┐ techta ┐ coir n-athchomairc, Cóic Con. 15 § 1 . .v. sreth failsigthi na [con]aire fugill is choir n-athchomairc: coir n-athchomairc do-eclannar im cach solam sonaisc, acht ar-dloma deruisc fir foglamma fiss i.e. cóir n-a.¤ is chosen in a case which has been well-prepared and for which suitable guarantees have been given, provided this is the decision of one learned in law, 22 § 18 and p. 80. coic slechta .xx.et in chorusa fine, is ed acarair forin chonair fugill is choir n-athchomairc, 23 § 20. is siat a n-airge . . . raith fri techta, aitiri caomtachta fri coir n-athcomairc, § 21. ┐ ara ind hi as cetharda fris ngaibther athgabail: fir ┐ dligid, cert ┐ techta ┐ coir n-athcomairc; ar in coir n-athcomuirc is ainm coitcend doib uile du i mbeth corai fechemoin fri aithcomarc a breithi don breithemuin, Laws i 258.20 Comm. (cf. Cóic Con. p. 79 ). aidire caomtechta fri coir nathcomairc, 282.8 Comm. ecoir n-athcomairc, Cóic Con. 28R . cis lir gealla athcomairc? .i. o fechemuin ata na gealla so acht da geall o cintach nama, Laws ii 94.y . menma athchomairc `an enquiring mind', Tec. Corm. § 3.6 .

Cen a.¤ without (asking) permission: cach dichmairc .i. cach errach berar o neoch cen athcomarc, Laws ii 352.24 Comm. cen a.¤ don gillu, LU 5551 (TBC). gan a.¤ gan fhiafraigidh dá athair, AFM vi 2230.z . co ná diccseadh aon táirsibh . . . gan a.¤ `without examination', 1896.9 . ístait coin allta do chorp / isin écht gan athc[h]omarc wolves shall eat thy body for this deed without asking questions i.e. without more ado, ZCP xii 391.13 . Hence in sense of permission, consent: ind raibi athcomarc lat? `didst thou ask permission ?' Mon. Tall. 135.28 (§ 24) . munab athcomairc tuaithi teis .i. manab amlaidh dech inte arna a.¤ do da tuaith, O'Curry 2192 ( Eg. 88, 7(8)c ) `unless he goes with the consent of his tribe', Plummer MS. notes.

Sense not clear (perh. guard-house Celtica xviii 98 ) in: cethri doruis airri im-mach / . . . / frisin tetblai . . . / frisin cetna [a]thchomarcc (of the lawn of heaven), SR 407 . tri athchomairc cech doruis / . . . / fri cach clothalt . . . / a.¤ for cach oenmúr, 461 .

athchor

Cite this: eDIL s.v. athchor or dil.ie/4719
Last Revised: 2013

o, [m.] vn. of ad-cuirethar. Lit. act of throwing back, but freq. with force of ath- very much reduced.

(a) act of giving back, returning, restoring: is mesech a athcur cib cuin ro-cara, ZCP xvi 211.33 = is meisech athcu[i]r, xv 246 § 5 . ni astaither in saorrath cin athchur, Laws ii 216.23 Comm. diablad fria n-athchur (of stock), v 222.x Comm. cuic seoit ┐ athchur sunn uile san athgabail, 254.13 Comm.

(b) With FOR act of returning to, restoring to: ind praind sin do adcor forsind comdid `to cast that meal back upon the Lord', Mon. Tall. 148.25 (§ 58) (perh. in physical sense to vomit). ma ta aice nech for a derndta athcur, dena (of a wife), Laws v 144.16 Comm. no co nderna a athchur for a athair `until he returns him to his father', iii 502.19 Comm. (of returning a child from fosterage). gu caemsatís a a.¤ focetoir for righ (of a doubtful child whom no `fine' will admit), O'D. 2312 ( Rawl. B 506, 31d ). dá mbeith si 'ga ha.¤ ort `if she be restored to thee' (a wife), TD 20.50 . Hence of handing back, renouncing (a pact, etc.): luid . . . do a.¤ a chairdessa for Coin Culaind to return his friendship to C. (i.e. to renounce his friendship with C.), LU 6017 (TBC). tarmartatar . . . dol do a.¤ a chotaig . . . fri righ Temrach to renounce, Anecd. ii 74 § 31 . ag iarraidh ádhbhar athchuir a chómhosaidh ar Chonn `a cause for breaking his truce', ML 70.25 . In later lang. act of urging upon, recommending to: tánag d'athchur Fhódla air / Aodh Ó Domhnaill Dúin Bhalair to urge the cause of Ireland on him, Magauran 3828 . do ghaolta dá hathchur ort / faghthar t'aonta don Iarlacht `thy kinsfolk pressing it on thee', Aithd. D. 37.34 . máthair Críost re n-abar ógh / bíodh dom athchar ar a huan, 90.8 . dia athchar forro cech . . . truagh nobhiad leo a tidlacad dia dun-som, Marco P. 124 . In literal sense: a athchur ar húa nAinmirech to hand him over to . . ., MR 246.22 . With DO: faidis . . . techta do athchar chisa do M. `to yield tribute to M.', Marco P. 156 .

(c) act of rejecting, adjourning, postponing (a suit): eric troisce tar dliged uaithib ┐ a n-athcur dogres `they shall . . . be non-suited', Laws i 86.28 Comm. cuic seoit ┐ athcur co laithe for sechtmain, 114.1 Comm. ? do beir in saíre athcur for anud `puts an end to the stay', ii 114.13 Comm. ma tainic in grad feine d'acra in graid flatha . . . ┐ ni tarta gella . . . dó is athcor cu cend bliadna, O'Curry 679 (H 3.18, 331). ? re nathcur caitche cethra co ruice fogelta compensating(?), 257 (H 3.18, 149b).

(d) act of throwing; throwing out or away, getting rid of, dispelling: re h-imud na n-urchur aca n-athchur eturru being exchanged, TTebe 3085 . na cathaighthe anall 's anonn / dar n-athchuirne ó all go hall swaying us, Aithd. D. 51.13 . tucatar . . . athchur coitcenn ar a cloidhmib ┐ ar a clogadaib, etc. they flung away weapons and armour (of routed troops), Caithr. Thoirdh. 68.20 . ni mōr nach gcuirit trī lēige d'a.¤ a pelér `they carry almost three leagues in shooting their bullets', Fl. Earls 68.2 . icc atc[h]ur a n-anmann . . . dara mbelaibh seachtair, CCath. 6125 . tainig soillsi . . . iar n-athchur an dorchadais, Aisl. Tond. 110 § 1 . tabhair phóig go díochra dhamh / dar móid fhiochdha budh athchar `this will be enough to dispel our angry feelings', Magauran 2551 . fescar flaithiusa ┐ . . . athchur airechais `destruction', MR 122.4 .

(e) act of expelling (person): athc[h]or ar an ord ēiccius expelling the poets, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. v (1919) 92 § 8 . glún mh'oileamhna dom a.¤ (obadh v.l.) `that the knee which nursed me should reject me', TD 3.46 . nír hachradh cách ó chridhe / gér ghnáth athchar ainbhfine though one usually wishes to expel a foe, Aithd. D. 71.35 . ó atáid Gaoidhil . . . ag a.¤ Ghall, O'Hara 2892 . T. . . . do athchur a flaithes ua mBriuin was expelled, AFM ii 1064.7 . ar macaibh Ruaidhri da.¤ uaidh `on condition that he should expel the sons of R.', iii 228.7 . d'athchur ┐ d'innarbad C[h]uinn, ML² 875 . arna n-a.¤ ┐ arna n-ionnarbadh a parrthas, TSh. 3607 . tugadh achur ┐ ionnarbadh ar in rí, ZCP xxxiii 135 § 24 . do chuireadoir ar achur ┐ ar ionnarbadh é, § 25 .

(f) Various: ro-mboísom do nirt . . . a n-indarba a tír Hérenn do a.¤ a ndíbergi allanall to transfer their plundering to the other side(?), BDD² 400 . cen tinntúd ┐ cen a.¤ cusin coimdid turning back, PH 4196 . cor ┐ athcor . . . in cloigem ort, Acall. 2249 v.l. (= a sochar ┐ a dochar in chloidim ort, text). act of replanting: benaid . . . a croinn a huir dia n-athcur doridhisi, Marco P. 165 .

athchumma

Cite this: eDIL s.v. athchumma or dil.ie/4738

[io, n.] vn. of ad-cuimben.

(a) act of cutting, wounding, maiming: cauteria .i. aithchumbe, Wb. 1b21 . iarna aithchumbu hí croich, Thes. ii 254.2 (Stowe M.). figor ind aithchummi (athcumai v.l., LB 251a67 ) cosind lágin in oxil in tuib deiss, 3 (ib.). adcumbe carnis gl. concissionem, Wb. 23d22 . míach murlúatha fri haithchumba[e] n-áige dia chethrai, Críth G. 190 . ? hi cuic cumbui .i. cumbu cuicdi insin .i. cuic aithcumme, ar is athchume do neoch in cin, O'Curry 811 (H 3.18, 375a). hic athcumai ind sheisir, AU i 96.11 . is fáebur do a.¤ , LU 2449 . na naídin filet ocá n-athchuma, 2207 ( FA 28 ). athcumba ō bīastaib, Cáin Ad. 42 . eisce ┐ beo-athcuma atcuimen corp, O'D. 868 (H 3.17, 621). athcuma do chon lomnai, Laws i 232.3 . mad beo athcuma cethra, iii 356.19 . tech bo airech . . . a aithchuma fora aursain, O'Curry 810 (H 3.18, 374b). roghabhsat ag tinmhe ┐ ag trēn-a.¤ aroile (of warriors), ZCP xiv 244.11 . do letrad ┐ a.¤ in tshloig, Alex. 567 . atconnairc . . . a ec[h]rada ar n-a n-athcoma do coin Domnaill `mangled by D.'s dog', Celt. Rev. iv 116.29 . bunneda borbba . . . icabar n-a.¤ , LL 238b35 ( TTr. 1623 ). daringni athchomma forru, 225a51 (ib. 602 ). marb Mac Con di athchumu died of wounds, Fianaig. 40.4 . claidmi . . . fri hatchuma cnes, Cog. 112.17 .

(b) act of refashioning, reshaping (cf. cummae): in t-ainm roime a rí Chunga / maith fuarais é d'athchuma, O'Gr. Cat. 402.31 . gur cuireadh í i n-athchuma (of a deserted house), DDána 116.2 . dá bhur nathchuma féin risna hainmiánuibh `fashioning yourselves', 1 Peter i 14 .

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