Search Results

Your search returned 41 result(s).

1 ben

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ben or dil.ie/5644
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: bean, bean, bein, mnái, mna, mnāi, mnai, mná, mnaa, bein, mnáoi, mná, mnaa, mná, mn, mban, ban, mnaibh, mnáib, mnaib, mnaaib, mnaibh, mhnaoi, mnai, ban-, banab, -aigne, -airchinnech

n ā, f. GOI §§ 190 , 291 , Lohmann ZCP xix 63. bean aithnidh, f., IGT Decl. § 170. See also Ériu xvii 108.

I

(a) woman : n s. in b.¤ , Wb. 11c14 , Imr. Brain 1 , PH 5720. bean, CCath. 1140. in bhean, Duan. F. ii 130 § 23. v s. a b.¤ , LU 3420 ( SCC 19 ). a s. bein ( KZ xlviii 65 ), Laws ii 382.15 ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 49 § 23 ), Metr. Dinds. iv 178.w (: Celetir), Ériu vi 136.78 , Auraic. 1835. mnái gl. mulierem, Wb. 10a10 , Imr. Brain 2 , CCath. 1141. mna, Críth G. 125 , mnāi, ACL iii 308.13 , mnai, Trip. 86.24 . g s. mná, Críth G. 124 , Imr. Brain 26 , PH 857. mnaa, LL 7558 , TSh. 5773. d s. bein, Auraic. 1833 , 5020 . mnáoi, Mon. Tall. 143.10 . n pl. mná (monosyll.), Imr. Brain 41. mnaa (monosyll.), LL 44. mná, TSh. 5718. a pl. mn, LU 8265 ( FB 21 ). g pl. mban gl. mulieres, Wb. 22c10 . ban, Ml. 65c16 . d pl. `somet. disyllabic in verse,' GOI § 291 , mnaibh (disyll.), Blathm. 586. mnáib, LU 3266 ( SCC 6 ), RC xiii 36 § 2. mnaib (monosyll.), LU 3950 ( SCC 44 ). mnaaib, LL 2919. mnaibh, ZCP xvi 225.4 . n du. dī mnái, Cáin Ad. 25. dá mhnaoi , Dán Dé iii 15 . di mnai dec, BCrólige 32 .

As dist. from a virgin: ni finntar in b.¤ fa nac si, Ir. Recht 5 § 3 . femen . . . .i. femur .i. sliasat, air is and is b.¤-si intan fognaithir dia sliasait, Auraic. 609. Of a bird: ben a lleinn co londath, Murphy Lyrics 10 § 10 , Ériu xxii 51 .

(b) With following defining word. With adj.: b.¤ gáelmar, see gáelmar. b.¤ uasal `a lady', BNnÉ 121 § 56 . With part. b.¤ pósta. With gen. of definition or description: b.¤ áirge woman of the milking place, dairymaid : in b.¤ airge, Ir. Recht 9 § 11. b.¤ aititen, see aititiu. b.¤ chengail wife: nach béidh fear ’gā mhnaoi cheangail, Celtica iv 109 § 10 . b.¤ crislaig: is i in b.¤ c. .i. is le fein in coimpert sin (lit.) woman of the womb, Laws v 202.13 Comm. See crislach. b.¤ chraí (chruí) the wife of a deceased relative; a forbidden woman: nír ben chrábaid ach ben chraí `not a holy wife but an unlawful one´ Celtica x 105 § 3 . ’na grádaig mnaí craí ná col `do not love a woman forbidden to you´ 105 § 5 . ro bui inna mnoí crui, icá derbrathair … conid hi sin cetben crui ro hincrechadh riamh, 111 (King’s Inns MS. 10) . ar a bith ben crui .i. oca derbrathair, ibid. (NLS MS. 72.1.5) . b.¤ chuil (cholach) : ’na grádaig mnaí craí ná col `do not love a woman forbidden to you´ Celtica x 105 § 5 . dā ccionntuighthea ré mnaoi chuil, Mac Aingil 3002 . ben chuil 'concubine', PH 867 . mna cúil ┐ cairdeasa dionnarbhadh ó fheraibh 'to put away concubines and lemans from men', AFM ii 1100z (s.a. 1152) . mnai cuínnceda betrothed woman, BB 442b4 . an bhean chuinghedha, IGT Decl. ex. 1198. b.¤ ḟir married woman: fóemad serce a mban fer, Ériu lix 70 . b.¤ ḟúataig an abducted woman (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 90 ). b.¤ gáeil kins-woman : is í a b.¤ gáeil fen phósas, PH 7790. See 1 gáel. b.¤ grésa embroidress : coeca ban [n]gressa is ferr bói a nEirinn `sempstress' (Gloss.), Acall. 5537. See 1 grés. b.¤ imtha see immad. b.¤ oéntama single, unmarried woman (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 107.10 ). slān slithi mnā oēntama `immunity for overcoming a single woman by stealth' ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 107.13 ), ZCP xv 351 § 40. See oentam, 1 oentama. b.¤ síde, see 1 síd. b.¤ tanaisi lanamnusa `second [subordinate] woman of union', BCrólige 56 . ag mnaoi Mháighe by the lady of the Maigue, DDána 99.37 .

(c) In g s. with prec. noun female, -ess, etc.: aoighe mná nách mair a fear `a stranger woman', TD 11.32 . dalta mna `a foster-daughter', BNnÉ 120.16 . Bóann, fāigh mnā prophetess, ZCP xiii 166.9 . ni thaghuill b.¤ no leanobh og mna a reileg `no woman or young female child', Mart. Don. 400.25 .

II wife : mo bensa `my wife', Sg. 61b14 . Tea b.¤ Ermoin meic Milid, Thes. ii 314.24 . leth díri cach gráid túaithe fora mnaí, Críth G. 125. cetharda[e] ndíllat(a) leis ┐ a ben `he and his wife have' (note), 199 . orca[e] lia be[i]n, 408 . coblaith dia mnai fri bein in rig equal rank with the king's wife for his wife, Ériu vi 136.14 . b.¤ dagḟir, LL 7554. ro theacht mhnaoi a dhingbhāla `he had a worthy wife', Fl. Earls 132.22 . tré mhnaoi Thighearnáin Uí Ruairc do bhreith leis, TSh. 5471.

Compds. ban- is the normal composition form (for gender of compds. see GOI § 254 , O'Rahilly, Ériu ix 16 ff.). When prefixed to a noun (1) denoting a male person or animal it makes a corresponding female form; (2) it has adj. force and means female, pertaining to a woman .

With nouns. ¤abb abbess : banab gl. abatissa, Ir. Gl. 22. Finnguala . . . banab Chille Craebnat, Ann. Conn. 1301.2 . banab m., IGT Decl. § 21 , g s. an banabadh, ex. 788 . mar bhanabaidh ndlighthigh `Abbesse', RSClára 98a . ¤accaid (see aiccid) female tenant, farmer : (contemptuously of Medb) cid ra mer in cali ┐ in b.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 1934. ? ¤aicde woman's handiwork : ar cirtha adbullom banaicdigh, Laws ii 394.10 Comm. banaicidh (but leg. -aicdi, Stud. in E. Ir. Law, 35.1) uaidhsiumh `feminine implements' (supplied by her husband to the woman worker described as a beccdéntaid), Laws ii 410.22 Comm. ¤aiced (collect. cf. prec.) woman's implements, tools : comad urlam a frichnam ac ban-aicidhibh, O'Curry 661 (H.3.18, 323). ¤aided woman's death (i.e. in child-birth): cen mna décaib de banaidid, Dinds. 161. -aigne female advocate: mar bhanaighne is ort anaim, PBocht 14.36 . -airchinnech female erenagh ; abbess : b.¤ gl. antesta, antestita, Sg. 66a17 . tanic an banairchindeach do béin cluig, YBL 1a19 . co banairchinnig Lainne, BColm. 26 § 28. b.¤ na hecalsa `prioress', Lism. L. 1436. ¤airfitech female musician : banairfidech Thíre Tairnngaire uli hí, Acall. 7205. ¤airle woman's counsel : Adham Samson Solum rí / romersat a mbanairlí, Ériu ii 229.9 . (in rhetoric) b.¤ betha (báetha, LU) nacha auchaide heed not the foolish words of women, TBC-I¹ 2092. ¤aite: ó bhanoide na gcuradh .i. Scáthach `instructress', Keat. ii 3390. ¤aitire: b.¤ tainic tar cend banbidbad (sic leg.) re laim a banfecheman and `a female surety', Laws i 148.24 Comm. apad naile ┐ anadh naile o ban etere for banbidhbaidh, O'Curry 988 (H. 3.18 424b) = Laws i 148.28 Comm. ¤ammait witch, hag (with magic power): robai banamaid i tig in rig . . . ┐ dobert a mathair Corc for faesam na hamaide, BB 251a35 . ¤amus woman-servant, female hireling: mad feramus nó b.¤ noda-mela (of grinding with a quern on Sunday), Ériu ii 204.22 . b., a folac a incaib maicc no celi `a hired woman', Ériu xii 85 § 4. mac banamsa, ZCP xvi 215.33 . rucus comaltar do banamuis, xv 310 § 6 . sóeramais ┐ banamais ic roind ┐ ic dáil dóib, Ériu iv 124.27 . ¤augra: máth b.¤ co sārtairbirt trī muilt ind `a fight among women', Cáin Ad. 44. ¤augtar: Bridhe banughdar, Keat. iii 498.

¤breth female judgment, judgment of (concerning ?) women: banbrethaib glossed bretha ban, O'Dav. 994. b.¤ briugu female briugu EIF 417 : batir banbrugaid sōn, Corm. Y 87.12 (§1018) . Becnait banbhrugaid ainm (na) mná maithe si, Acall. 1876 . ¤búachaill herdswoman: sech ba bard, ba b.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iv 22.20 .

¤cháem: banchōem de Alpa female noble, Celtica iii 182.3 . ¤chaingen female question, case: nocha n-ē an banc[h]aingen / berar ar cúl, ZCP viii 216.32 . ¤cháinte female satirist, lampooner: ba banchainte (viz. Lebarcham), IT i 71.12 ( LMU 6 ). cont-ric fri Richis mbancháinti, MU² 1029 ( LU 1528 ). a comlebaid na banchainti, Cóir Anm. 54. ¤chara woman friend: do uc Mane banscál n-alachtai b.¤ dó `a concubine of his', Trip. 86.19 . b.¤ in dorchaduis (= amica tenebrarum, ed.), Aisl. Tond. 95 § 2. bretha in mac . . . cúa bancharait, LU 1663 ( RC ix 454.10 ). ¤chath: conid b.¤ Rochada insin `Rochad's Woman-fight' (Faraday), LU 5945 ( bān-, TBC-I¹ 1479 ). ¤chéile female companion, mate, wife: a bancheli díngbala diabuil, PH 8175. as i fa banchele dó .i. Eithne Taebhḟada his wife (of a king), Ériu iii 150 § 1. ¤chenn female ruler: (of B.V.M.) tú bain-cheann brogha nimhe, A. Ó Dálaigh xi 5. ¤chimbid female captive: co mbanchimidh lais i n-ergabhail, Anecd. ii 12.15 . ¤chlíamain female relative-in-law: a bhainchlíamhuin Sárai bean a mhic Abram = daughter in law, Gen. xi 31. go ma malluigh an té luighios léna bhainchlíamhuin = mother in law, Deuteronomy xxvii 23. ¤choairt female land-holder: b.¤ mnā, ZCP vii 300.2 . ¤choic female cook: bancoig gl. presena (sic), Ir. Gl. 247. atgnīed cach b.¤ dībh a būaraigh, ZCP vii 300.9 . ¤choimdiu female ruler, mistress, lady: inna banchoimded gl. dominatricis, Ml. 84c4 . isin banchoimdid gl. in domina, 129c7 . ¤choimétaid ( ¤aige) female guardian, custodian: a bhuime ┐ a bhancoimedaidhe, BNnÉ 192 § 9.5 . banchoimedaith do chiraib ┐ do clioirib `keeper of . . . combs and caskets', Dinds. 80. See banchola. ¤chomairlid female adviser; woman councillor: banflatha ┐ banchomairlighe, Anecd. ii 64.7 . ¤chomarba heiress (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 103 f .) glossing be togai: .i. b.¤ las-mbi fer for bantinchur, Ir. Recht 8 § 9. female coarb, successor (as head of religious community): bancomurba Brighdi, RC xviii 31.30 . ¤chorr female heron: in b.¤ , Triads 237 . ¤chró: lánéraic a mb.¤ of their female stock, Cáin Ad. 29. ¤chú bitch: ba banc[h]ú tra in t-orci ┐ ba torrach, Corm. Y 883.39 . b.¤chuire woman-troop: cichit biet b.¤chuire, Études Celt. xv 539 . ¤chumal bondwoman: b.¤ dit muntir atamchomnaic, LL 7749 ( TBC-LL¹ 219 ). ro gonais cride . . . do banchumale fen, LB 233a58 .

¤dálem waitress: b.¤ gl. caupona, Sg. 63a3 (see Études Celt. xi 128 ). ¤dalta: ónmid b.¤ doib a female ward, ZCP viii 308.31 . ¤dechon see dechon. ¤día goddess: Brigit . . . bandēa no adratis filid . . . eam deam uocant poetarum , Corm. Y 150. bándǽ iffirnn gl. Parcas, Sg. 53b1 . Ceres bandea hetho, 60a4 . bandia Cimodocia `the goddess Cymodoce', Aen. 2410. a meic na baindea, 2411 . ¤deiscipul female disciple: doronai Patraic combo bandescipul dó, Trip. 178.11 . ¤delb: nói mbain-delba (-delbda, (mná) remhra, v.ll.) dluth-chóema `nine female forms', Metr. Dinds. ii 28.4 . ¤deoraid woman-stranger, woman outsider: cumad miach sliged do bandeoraidh, Laws ii 390.26 Comm . Fig. (of a flag) bratach mheic éachtaigh Eoghain / minic bhíos n-a baindeoraidh, DDána 85.7 . ¤dialt feminine declension, Auraic. 1830. ¤druí druidess; female skilled in magic arts: tri ferdruid ┐ tri bandrúid, TBC-LL¹ 2402 = dī (leg. tri) drúid insin ┐ a teóra mná, TBC-I¹ 1767. bandrai ┐ bancumachtach mē, ZCP xii 252.14 . a mhaca na bandrúagh = of the sorceress, Isaiah lvii 3.

¤ech mare: (description of a camel) anmann iongantach . . . ionsamhail bhaineich, AFM iv 1080.11 . ¤echlach female horse-messenger: cuiris E. a baineachlach arcend Meadba co Cruachain `female messenger', Ériu ii 178.20 . ¤écht: ni dernnsat banechta ban `have never committed woman-slaughter', MR 212.9 . gan bainéacht do dhéanamh lé `not to slay a woman with it' (one of three `geasa' on a spear), Keat. ii 4389. ¤éices poetess: baneices, LL 1110. ¤én hen bird: ise in mintan cid banen (i.e. the word `mintan' is masc. though it denotes a female bird), Auraic. 541. ¤ernastaid female spouse, wife: (in spiritual sense of Christ and the Church) in fáilte fil do'nd ernastaid spirutalda i n-a mb.¤ , PH 3987. ba sí síur ind Oedha roba bainernustaidh don tí Niall `Hugh's sister was N.'s wife', Hugh Roe 252.2 . ¤esba woman's wantonness: condot ellat / eter briga banespa, LU 3525 ( SCC 28 ).

¤ḟáith, ¤ḟáid woman seer, prophetess: a Feidélm banḟaith co acci in slúag?, LU 4530 ( TBC-I¹ 43 ). Feidelm banḟáid . . . atamchomnaicse, LL 7750. M. bhanfháigh, Exodus xv 20. ¤ḟéinnid woman warrior, amazon: N. . . . ro bith and la hE. mbanfeinded `E. the championess', Dinds. 105. na banḟéndi, TTr.² 1698 . ¤ḟeis(s) see banais. ¤ḟigige woman weaver: bacan na bainfighidh, BNnÉ 191.4 . ¤ḟili poetess: Fedelm banfili do Chonnachtaib mo ainmsea, LU 4525 (TBC). Quies Huallaige . . . banḟile Herend, Ann. Inisf. 934. ¤ḟlaith princess, sovereign lady: banflaith .i. ben . . . amal Meidb Cruachna, Ir. Recht 4 § 1. iar nairdbiu inna banflatha sin gl. Athalia, `queen', Ml. 14a2 . ¤ḟuine baking, kneading done for a woman hence (in opp. to fer-ḟuine) baking of a smaller size, quantity or measure: ceitheora bairgena fichet do banfuine, ZCP xiv 356.7 .

¤gaiscedach female champion: banghaisgedach do mhuinn- tir Ghuill, ML² 412. ¤gal woman's feat of arms: b.¤ (sic leg., ed.) banuallach and-so ale, TBC-LL¹ 4312 ( LL 11116 ). ¤galgat female champion: for slicht na bangalgaite, Airne F. 29. ¤geis: nā gabaidh na baingesa let them not touch forbidden things (i.e. have dealings with a woman), ZCP xii 394.4 . ¤gíall female hostage: (of Mary) ba bangīall (sic leg.: Gabhrīal) Rīgh in rīchidh, ZCP viii 562 § 3. ¤glór: tuath-bhanglór tásclabartha troch `perverse woman-like talk', MR 294.21 . ¤gním: do chuaidh b.¤ tar fergním ag C. the action of a female overcame C.'s action of a male, Comp. CC 116.13 . With 1 grád female rank: teora cumhala cach bangradh do neach is ingen graidh sechta, O'D. 2397 ( Rawl. B 506, 49 ). With 2 grád love for a woman: laigi fri b.¤ , LU 3590 ( SCC 30 ). ¤grés woman's work, needlework; in comic name: Brecan mac Bangresa, Anecd. ii 55.15 . Cf. baingrésach, Acall. 5537 v.l. ¤Gúaire female counterpart of G.: a bhanGhuaire Chláir Chormaic, Dánta Gr. 16.24 .

¤impir empress: do chúala in bhainimpir sin .i. Saphia, ZCP xiii 181.27 . ¤inne women's mind, intuition (?): tic b.¤ don banmíl, LL 375a43 . ¤insce, ¤innsgne feminine gender: gach banindsci, Corm. Y 1219. ferinnsci ┐ banninsci (banindsge, 3024 YBL) . . . lasin nGaidel .i. mascul ┐ femen . . . lasin Laitneoir, Auraic. 521. gobhar gabhar . . . indscne bainindsci innta they take a feminine pronoun, IGT Decl. § 17.23 (usually contracted to b.¤ ).

¤ auspicious day for women: trí banlae: lúan, mairt, cétaín, Triads 216 . Cf. trí ferlae, 217 . ¤leiccerd, ¤lethcerd poetess (see leiccerd): Etan ingen Dīancēcht, banlethcerd ( bannlicerd, Corm. 37 ), Corm. Y 537 . Cf. -éices supra. do Sampait . . . buachail dī ┐ banlicerd isen, BB 393a46 ( Dinds. 86 ). Cf. (of S.) sech ba bard, ba ban-búachail, Metr. Dinds. iv 22.20 . co comfarnaic frie Gris banliccerd ingen Ricisi, BB 368a25 . ¤lennán mistress: at banlendan ┐ at menmarc fer n-domain uli, LU 8237 ( FB 18 ). a baínleandan ┐ a mnai cuínnceda, BB 442b4 . luidh i riocht bain-leandain Conoinn, Leb. Gab.(i) 82.6 . ¤léo, léoman lioness: banleu, Études Celt. xi 125. fer-léo ┐ bain-leo, BNnÉ 84 § 171 . dealbh bhainleomhain, Keat. iii 2002. ¤liaig woman physician, leech; A. b.¤ (daughter of Dian Cécht), LL 1110.

¤mac(c), ¤mac(c)án female infant, a girl-child (see O'Rahilly, Ériu ix 16 ff .): it brestai in bainmaicc `the woman-children', Fél. July 20 . intan asberar ise (= is é) in banmhac-sa (of a masc. noun used for a female), Auraic. 531. Lende banmac ben ba Tuathail / . . . / Báne a hainm, LL 4888. dia mbad missi in banmacan, / nocechrainn cach faelmacan, Auraic. 533 (= banmacam, 3163 ). ¤máer: banmhaor . . . ag tabach na cána soin seachnóin Éireann `a female steward', Keat. i 182.3 . ¤maigister: ingena . . . ┐ do bí banmaighister accu `a governess', Fier. 93. ¤mug bondwoman: cride . . . do ban- chumale fen ┐ do banmogad, LB 233a58 . caoca fermhogh ┐ caoca banmhogh, BS 104.31 .

¤náma(e) female enemy: bannamae gl. inimica, Ml. 26a4 . a bannámu diabuil, PH 8327. ¤noéb(-m) holy woman, female saint: sarucchadh na bannaoimhe, AFM v 1668.7 . ag naomh nó ag bannaomh, TSh. 1048.

¤óclach: go léigfeadh . . . gach uile dhuine a bhanóglach sáor = maidservant , Jeremiah xxxiv 9. amhail banóglaoich, Keat. ii 4699. ¤óg virgin , BNnÉ 189 § 38 . ro tuirn ar mullach cinn na banóighi 'alighted on top of the virgin's head', Ev.Inf. (LFF) 187 § 37 . do-ṡaoileadar . . . gur loisgeadh an banoigh ionrac, Ériu v 76.30 . tar an mbanoigh, 32 . ¤oígi: banoegi (banogi, MS.) `female guest', Sg. 66a15 . ¤othrus: annsom i mbrithemnacht otrusa la Fēne banotrus `nursing of women', BCrólige 30 .

¤rechtaire: rechtairi ┐ banrechtairi . . . ic dáil dóib side ` stewardesses ', Ériu iv 124.19 . dís bhanrachtaireadha `two dairymaids', ITS xvi 118.1 . ¤ríga(i)n queen: is si robad banrígan in chóicid uli, LU 8259 ( FB 20 ). inghean rígh thír na mbéo / is bainríoghain fós, Oss. iv 250.10 . ¤rígnacht queenship: b.¤ úas bantrocht, LU 8231 ( FB 17 ). ? ¤rothán: banrothan (: ¤ṡrothán ?) (name of a metrical stanza), IT iii 101 § 181. -rún: ni dat maithe banrúna, IT i 123.18 . ( TE 9 Eg.)

¤ṡáer: bansaer `a woman wright', BCrólige 32 . -ṡacart priestess: bansagart Iunaindi iside, Aen. 1673. ¤ṡégonn, ¤ṡégainn a distinguished, accomplished lady; consort of a ségainn: manad-fuil . . . nac mbainsedoind lib-si nad gubansedonn (Find asks Cormac for a bride), ZCP xiii 268.19 . cach rí cona rígain, . . . cach ségaind cona banshégaind, MU² 198 . ¤ṡéitig ( ¤ṡéitche) wife: is ecoir do sailisi misi d'fhaghail do bainseitci `as wife', ZCP vi 26.22 . ¤ṡelgaire huntress: i ndelb bansealgairi (viz. Venus), Aen. 293. ¤ṡenchas history, traditions of (celebrated) women: b., buidne, bága (recited at the Fair of Carmun), Metr. Dinds. iii 20.15 . bainṡenchas Erind anso siss, BB 282a11 (title. See RC xlvii 282 ). Leabhar Bainseanchuis, Keat. i 80.5 . ¤tṡeomratóir, ¤ṡeomróir female chamberlain: do goir cuice a bainseomróir (bantṡeomradoír, v.l.), Fier. 92. ¤ṡídaige female dweller in a síd, fairy woman: is é dochoid in n-ectra . . . re Náir b.¤ , LL 2898. conid si aided Moingfinde bansidaige `so this is the death of M. the Banshee', RC xxiv 178.18 . ¤ṡlecht: co hAth mbannslechta to the Ford of Woman-Slaughter, Ériu v 212 n. 92 - 96 .

¤tairchetlaid prophetess: bantaircetlaid Críst (said of St. Brigit), Lism. L. 1704 . ¤tairngertaid prophetess: is hī seo bantairrngertaig Chrīst, ZCP xii 293.31 . ¤tairismid: banterismid gl. obstetrix, Sg. 69a18 . bantairsi (leg. tairismidi?), Lism. L. 1201. ¤tellach: techta cach banteallaig `every woman's entry', Laws iv 8.22 . dethbir in baintellaigh ┐ in feartellaigh .i. anus dechmuide dfir anus cethruime do mnaoi, 14.22 Comm. ¤teolaid see teolaid. ¤tigerna lady; mistress; female ruler: b.¤ Clainni Connmaig re linn tri tigerna `Lady of Clanconway' (first as wife and then as Dowager, n. 3), Ann. Conn. 1411.30 . dobudh baintighearna dhó féin (the soul) that was his (i.e. the body's) own mistress, TSh. 9678. an sólās do bhí ar ar mbaintighearna ghlórmuir (viz. Muire), Parrth. Anma 3792. uinge dor ag an mBaintiagarnain . . . a neaghmais amantuir Tiarna; ┐ tri huinge san mbliaghain do chios Bantiarnain . . . a neaghmais, etc. `Lady's rent', Trans. RIA xv 43.z , 44.2 . ¤tinchor the property brought by a woman on marrying: fer for bantincur, Laws ii 356.7 . acht do bithsiu ar bantincur mnaa supported by a woman, LL 7558. ¤tindnacul = prec. ? fer ratchuir ar bantidnacul mna who has made you dependent on a woman's bounty, LL 12250 ( TBC-LL¹ 5998 ). ¤toísech: bantaisech ingenraid[e] na Cruachnai ` chieftainess ', Dinds. 80. ¤trebthach see baintrebthach. ¤túath: ag na bantuathaibh seo bhádar an dá ríoghdhámh `noble females', Keat. i 218.16 . ¤túathaid (supernatural) woman with magic power: ar ba cumachtach sidhe ┐ bantuathaíd cen bai a colaind , BB 264a7 ( SG 332.9 ). ¤tuilg (a d s.) applied (? only) to wife, consort of a briugu: (of Feast of Tara) ni teded dia hol . . . brudidh gin bantuilg leis, ZCP xiii 260.14 . briuga cin bantuilcc, 268.13 . cach briugu cona bantuilg each hospitaller with his consort, MU² 196.

¤úa female descendant: ag banua Iarla Uladh, DDána 99.10 . banua niece Plunkett s.v. neptis , Celtica xix 138 .

With adjj. derived from nouns: ¤éccoscda of womanly kind, form: onni as feminina, femina .i. banda no banecoscda, Auraic. 612. ¤gnéthech(-ach): bangnethach no bangnimach `of womanly activities', Auraic. 612. ¤úallach: (of a woman's feat of arms) bangal (sic leg., ed.) banuallach and-so ale, TBC-LL¹ 4312 ( LL 11116 ). As subst. ¤áirgech milkmaid: an bhanairgheach, BS 177.27 . ar na cocairibh ┐ banairghibh `dairy-maids', Rule of Tallaght 8.12 . ¤bachlach gl. leno, Sg. 52a5 . pn As epithet: ¤Bretnach British woman, Anecd. iii 57.6 . ¤cháintech female satirist: bancháinteach Chonchubhair da ngairthí Leabharcham, Keat. ii 2952. ¤chumachtach woman possessing magic power: Cáoineocc ban-cumachtach sithe `a fairy witch', BNnÉ 151.33 . (epithet of Venus) imthusa Beniri banchumachtaighi, TTebe 1046 . ¤grésach (1 grés): baingrésach, Acall. 5537 v.l. ¤Laignech Leinster-woman: ropo beoda in b.¤ , Rawl. 87a35 . ¤túaithech witch, wise woman: bantuathecha (sic, bantuatha, banthuach, v.ll.) Tuathe de Danand, LL 16545. woman of Túatha Dé Danand: .iii. híngeana Earnmhais na banthuathaíghe, BB 33a38 . Be Chuille ┐ Dianand na dí bantuathig, LL 1112. Badb ┐ Macha ┐ Anand . . . tri ingena Ernbais na bantuathige, 1121 . female chief: ionann . . . tuathach ┐ tighearna . . . do beirthear dá bhantuathaigh ar Bheuchuill ┐ ar Dhanainn, do bhí 'na mbaintighearnaibh aca, Keat. i 214.25 .

Rarely with form ben-. ¤Ebrach: mas eabhrach nó air beineabhrach = Hebrewess, Jeremiah xxxiv 9. ¤gág wrinkled woman, hag: a bh.¤ , BS 86.28 . ¤geilt madwoman: co ttarla bengheilt dó ann, BS 108.6 . ¤impire empress: Henri mac na Beinimpire, Mart. Don. xxix 29.

See banais, banaltra, bantrocht, banscál.

cachtaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cachtaid or dil.ie/7534

Forms: coimdegh

v (1 cacht)

(a) shackles, fetters; imprisons, confines, subjugates : rochacht cach rí, SR 7075 . cachtus Elga ollbuidhne, KZ xxxiii 82 (see BB 378b9 ). cachtsus rosacht ind rigain, LU 4279 = LL 18212 ( SG 84.17 ). condot rodbsat / condot chachtsat, LU 3523 ( SCC 28 ). cachtsus cách . . . / i nInis ṅdualaig, LL 19449 . roscacht i ngrísaib gemlig, Metr. Dinds. iii 370.55 . ro chacht éc . . . / mac Domnaill, LL 15840 . ro chacht, ┐ ro chuibhrigh lucht mortha foghla, Cog. 136.25 . Dianim . . . / roscacht greimm Righ na ndúile, AFM ii 576.11 ( TFrag. 240.9 ). In Laws in sense of impounding distrained cattle: ni cachta cethra, O'D. 2222 (Nero A vii, 151a). don fir cachtus in athgabail, Laws ii 76.20 Comm. ? im cobair do fuidir cachtair (cach tair, text) etechtu who is distrained unjustly(?), i 124.12 .

(b) restrains, disciplines, curbs : rochachti iarum commór corroabstinit, Mon. Tall. 159.10 (§ 77) . fer na cachta (? no chachtad) cu mor, LB 11a35 . rochachtsat a colla, Gorm. Nov. 16 . ro chacht ar Crist a colaind , LL 371d17 .

Vn. coimdegh, ┐ cachtad, Laws ii 308.8 Comm. is indsa don memor cachtad in cínd, iv 54.23 Comm.

? cetamain

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? cetamain or dil.ie/8887

n dire do berar i colaind i ceathair, i cúic ceatamain a ceathair, co secht seascamlaig . . . , .i. caora na moghaither acht lacht no easair í, O'D. 658 ( H 3.17, 489a ). Cf. cet(h)nat.

coimitecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. coimitecht or dil.ie/10227

Forms: comaitecht, coimheadacht, comimtechta, comhuideachd, coimhdeacht, comaidiacht

ā, [f.] old Ir. comaitecht (vn. of con-éitet), early confused with coímthecht (later caoimhtheacht (Vn. of con-imthet). da ainm don choimhideacht . . . sáil ┐ caoimhtheacht, Metr. Gl. 29 § 49 . caoimhtheacht .i. coimhidheacht, O'Cl. coimheadacht, Dhá Sg. Art. 1908 . With re-composition comimtechta (g s.), LU 2064 ( FA 14 ) (cf. coimimthecht, coimthecht). comhuideachd f., IGT Decl. § 26 (coimhideachd proscribed form); m., § 24 . Later coimhdeacht (`exceptionally . . . in TSh.', Desid. Gloss.).

(a) act of going together (see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 644 ): inna com(th)aitechta ( con-taít, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 647 ) gl. coitiones, Ml. 37c7 - 8 . comaitecht ceniuil do chenéul `congruence of gender to gender', Sg. 75a6 . hi coimthecht du gréin ┐ escu in óenrind `in the conjunction of . . .', BCr. 32a6 ( Thes. ii 16.40 ). ? robad inmuin comitecht, Ériu iii 106 § 47 .

(b) With DO act of agreeing with, favouring, conniving at, etc., in Thes. freq. translated indulgence: comitecht dund óis nad chaithi cach tuari, Wb. 6c11 . cometect dóib gl. imbicillitates infirmorum sustinere, 24 . comaitecht don brathir enirt gl. caritas uero aedificat, 10b28 . 10c2 . cometecht dossom `to be indulgent', 10c10 . 11c4 . 20b18 . cometecht dia n-écoscaib cen chometecht dia mbésbi gl. sine offensione estote Iudeis, 11c5 . tri chomaitecht donaib ingraimthidib `through conniving at', Ml. 15b5 . 65d12 . 72b18 . cen com[ai]techt do in prandio `without sparing him', Mon. Tall. 160.9 . comaitecht dond aithesc, Alex. 1016 = comaidiacht `Rücksicht', ZCP xxx 153.20 . With FRI: di chomitecht et condarcilli fri iudeu `indulgence and connivance', Wb. 19a6 . ? caemtechta fri colaind do cetmuindtire `accompanying', Laws v 306.4 . Perh. also: ar comaitecht do neuch o pecad ` accompanying ', Mon. Tall. 143.9 . ma rufestar bas n-ethech acht dagni ar baig nó chomitecht `to shield another', Ériu vii 156.26 . In follg. the accompanying words suggest meaning concession, grant, tribute : nī dlig nach rī . . . cīs nā bēs nā gēill nā comaitecht don tīr-ṡin, Corp. Gen. 207.8 ( comaithecht, 18 ). do rīgh Eassa Rūaidh nī dlecht / cīos nā cāin nā comhuidecht, ZCP viii 116.20 . a tuaristla ┐ a comaideachta `escorts', Leb. Cert.² 52 .

(c) act of accompanying, escorting, protecting: potestates a ccaoimhthecht, Blathm. 74 . do buith daitsiu hi coimthecht oco `thy being associated in it', Sg. 2a7 . do gudiu choemthechta doib, Vita Br. 40 . ara choímthecht a taig, Críth G. 585 . coemtecht ┐ seilcecht (of accompanying a person in a crime?), Laws iii 92.9 . smachta tairgilli cach raithi itir samradh ┐ eturscarad ┐ caomtacht, iv 78.2 (`In technical sense of a system of dividing the year, parts of one season being taken off (etarscarad), and added to (cáemthecht) another season', Plummer MS. notes). condit roib cáemtecht di ánrodaib Ulad till you can be escorted by some of the U. warriors, LU 4863 (TBC). a comaitecht ┐ a mbíathath ┐ a nem-guin, LMU² 163 . coimhdecht nó amhsainecht, RC xxix 112 § 8 . ? mor in mian don choimideacht / do niad gilli na leathbrág, Magauran 789 .

Attrib. g s accompanying, attendant : a aingel comaidechta guardian angel, BColm. 104.14 . do ainglib coimthechta, LU 1994 ( FA 6 ). aingel a comaitechta, 1967 ( 3 ). aidire caomtechta fri coir nathcomairc, Laws i 282.8 Comm. amus comhuidechta, ii 24.28 . céili coímthechta[e], Críth G. 406 . ca mét cornn comaitechta atá ac F.? serving-goblets(?), Acall. 5501 . cumal coimidechta maid-in-waiting, ZCP vi 27.14 . ro bái d'iomat a cheithern ┐ a dhamh coimhittechta, ZCP x 16.27 . .vi. dorais chóemtechta protective doors, LU 2081 ( FA 15 ). 'na flichidheacht coimdechta, O'Gr. Cat. 249.9 . is ina hetan bis di in satan coimidechta (opposite of aingel c.¤ ?), YBL 138b5 . Cf. drochad . . . comimtheachta `easily crossed', TTebe 3533 .

In vn. constr.: ni chaemnactar eich . . . in damrad do chomaitecht keep up with, LL 8702 (TBC). oca chomaitecht do airic menman `comforting her', Ériu xii 156.3 (TE). mar do bhíadh Íosa ┐ Muire . . . ga choimhideachd, Parrth. Anma 695 .

V. freq. in phr. i c.¤ with follg. gen. accompanying : i coimthecht dagdóine gl. comes perigrinationis nostrae, Wb. 16d2 . hí coimtecht inna árcae, Ml. 82d1 . 33b13 . it chóimthecht, 208b5 . i cóimthecht I., Fél. Dec. 20 . senoir it c.¤ `in thy company', Mon. Tall. 151.4 . i Coimded coimthecht, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 10.6 . hi comaitecht a slóig, LU 8155 ( FB 11 ). i c.¤ seoit cethramda in the case of, Laws iii 230.10 Comm. gan chin 'na choimeitteacht sinless, ZCP viii 206.2 . a comaidhecht an claidhim as well as the sword, RC x 185.20 . teacht a coimhdecht mná to have intercourse with a woman, RC xxix 132 § 43 . fir ina caeimthecht (of woman), Maund. 135 .

With follg. prep. óes insin bís [i] coímthecht do ḟlaith, Críth G. 594 (a kind of vassal service, p. 107). comaitecht re hairdrígh, ZCP viii 116.8 . a hainm i ccaoimthecht fria hanail, Ériu xiii 39.24 . lotar do chomaideacht lais, xvi 84.90 . do choimidacht ort to dance attendance on you, CF² 773 .

In pl. in concr. sense attendants, companions, escort : do caemtechtaib `by attendants', Laws iii 510.1 . coimthecht ecin do chaimthechtaib C., TBC-LL¹ 880 .

In n. loc. for Druim Cáemtechta, LU 4605 (TBC). dar Mona[i]d Cöemtechta, Otia iii 48 § 5 .

colainn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. colainn or dil.ie/10477

Forms: colann, colann, calann, colinn, colno, chollno, cholin, colinn, -ain

n i, f. Later colann. colann calann f., IGT Decl. § 37 . Cf. indiu is do cendaib colla tall, Laws i 44.1 . n s. colinn, Wb. 26a23 . g s. (inna) colno , 4a9 (gl. carnem), 9c10 , 31d2 . chollno, Wb. 3d1 . d s. cholin, 10b20 . colinn, 15d14 . -ain, Ml. 38c9 .

(a) body; flesh : is Iesse as bunad do-ssom . . . iár colinn gl. secundum carnem, Wb. 6d10 . ar n-athir iar colinn, 2b23 . hi fóisite césto dia cholin-som, 3d24 . ar colno císu `the taxes of our flesh', Thes. ii 325.19 (Hy. iv). tol cholno (attrib. g s.), Wb. 20c20 . ar Chríst crochais c.¤ , Fél. Mar. 12 . itir lacht ┐ gnimraidh ┐ c.¤ (of cattle), Laws ii 66.18 . ri thanic i colla crí, SR 7517 . sírchóemna m'anmasa / scéo colla, LU 1194 . dergnat colla, 3470 ( SCC 25 ). i llaxai ┐ i téti a collai, 2195 ( FA 27 ). caradradh do cholna .i. cairdes cíche ┐ glúine, Ériu xiii 45.22 . ar nís gaodae fír chairde na caraid colna, 44.25 . gérbho soicenelach hé iar cc.¤ , RC xxv 390 § 3 . colund gl. caro, Ir. Gl. 919 . o chaithes in choland in mbiad, PH 4800 . an chalann chuil, Dán Dé xxviii 33 . chalann (: anam), TSh. 3314 (cit.). (attá) i colainn (is) alive; (is) in human form : ro bói Crist i colinn gl. secundum carnem, Wb. 15d14 . céin bai hi colaind , LU 1967 ( FA 3 ). tearc do choimbeodha i gcoluinn, DDána 74.64 .

(b) corpse, carcass; trunk : troigh mná troghain / for a ccollaib, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919, 93 § 19 . cend na mnā for indara burt ┐ colann for in burt n-ailiu, Cáin Ad. 7 . urba ria collaib (it is lawful) to make a gap for the conveyance of corpses, Laws iv 154.22 . cach mairt mainighther coland i sleib, v 330.15 Comm. co farnic in colann cen cend, Corm. Y 1018 (p. 87.y). uallfaidh coin ōs collaib crē, Ériu xviii 70 § 59 . bā coland cen chend / bā cend cen cholaind (of a useless proceeding), MacCongl. 73.12 , 13 .

(d) In Laws, material subject of a bargain etc.; principal, capital, object pledged or lent; corpus delicti; basis, ground, cause (of a claim, charge); substance (of which an article is made); is ruidhlis do neoch an dosli a coland fadeisin (i.e. a man is fully entitled to what his own capital earns), O'Curry 396 ( H 3.18, 221a ). duine dorigne cunnra . . . ┐ nocho rucadh colann uadha (i.e. the subject of the bargain was not actually handed over), O'D. 575 ( H 3.17, 443 ). fer meodhon gaide . . . ┐ nocha tarrustar colund aice (i.e. the stolen article was not found with him), O'Curry 2159 ( Eg. 88, 4 ). techta fuillema gill capuill . . . ailid tri ech ina muin la aithgin a collnna compensation equivalent to the original pledge, Laws v 406.3 . techta fuillema gill escra . . . do-s-li .u. seotu trenib . . . trian di setaib faithche, trian di setaib tige, trian di colaind fadeisin, la aithgin a chollnna i comdire a escra, 410.3 , 4 ( di colaind fadesin .i. di comchinoil .i. di umha, 10 Comm. ). ni lais dire a seoit, acht c.¤ aithgena nama `nur das Corpus (der Gegenstand) des Ersatzes' (of a `fuidir'), Ir. Recht 63 § 1 (coland v.l.) (i.e. because the lord to whom he is bound pays his fines, he also gets the `díre' due to the `fuidir' whose goods have been stolen or damaged) = Laws v 512.5 . fertair c.¤ aithgena cachae dia trise co [m]boin inna muin `the body of compensation of each is paid after three days, with a cow in addition,' Laws v 400.z . it dilsi collnaib ┐ aithginaib `sind sie verfallen, die Gegenstände (selber) und (= oder ihr) Ersatz', ZCP xiv 379 § 42 . is tualaing a lesaigthi ar in nech do beir no cren acht coland fri rathugad techta nama (of levying compensation for stolen goods introduced into a (king's) residence), Laws iii 242.1 (? he is liable for the restoration only of the object stolen if his good faith is adequately vouched for). ní híctur acht colunn náma the original pledge only (not the increase, in the case of an animal which has had young while in pledge), i 280.16 Comm. fuilgenn .i. inas na colla nó aithgin `increase of the . . . object pledged(?) or the equivalent', O'Dav. 862 . fer i taib no [in] airceand íte coland a feich `(the destruction of) the grass at the side or at the end (of the field) is the substance of the liability', Laws iv 120.z . eacur colla fiach adgairtur dicolla athgabail `let the original debts claimed be balanced against the original distress', ii 98.5 , 6 . do tuitet a colann feich olchena `they are all forfeited for the original debt', i 224.3 Comm. Also with follg. sét (g p.), colainn sét being translated Wertgegenstand by Thurneysen: ferdair collna set i naithcu(i)r `es werden (nur) die Wertgegenstände (selber) als Rückgabe gegeben', ZCP xiv 387 § 52 ( Laws ii 322.5 ). con-fodlait(h)er colla set saire i n-erenaiter fri somaine `es werden die Wertgegenstände mit der "Freiheit", in der sie gegeben worden sind, gegen die Leistungen abgewogen', ibid. (2). la diabul n-aithgina do collnaib set ┐ do somaine `neben dem Doppel-Ersatz der Wertgegenstände und der Leistungen', 390 § 57 (330.5). is eccen a n-athgin fo coibne fria collna set, no set adgo fechem dar a n-esse `compensation proportionate to the original articles' (of fine goblets etc. given in pledge), Laws v 408.2 . mad ar diumand in ceile in-asa in flaith a seotu, is dilis don cele log n-einech dib do collaib set aithgena, na toglen somaine collna set `ist dem Genossen sein Ehrenpreis aus ihnen, aus den Wertgegenständen des Ersatzes verfallen, ohne dass den Wertgegenständen Leistungen anhaften', ZCP xiv 391 § 59 ( Laws ii 336.5 , 6). ? ro fes as n-erraithi de collna denta .i. ro fes conad e ícus intí doroine denta indlightecha frisin colainn, O'Curry 2160 ( Eg. 88, 4 ).

Compds. With noun. -ér(a)ic wergild : colainn-ēr(a)ic `Leichen-Bezahlung', Ir. Recht 14.13 . colannéric deoraidh do thabhairt inntu `die Tötungsbusse eines Ausländers', 68.3 . co colainderce cert `to the exact amount of the body-price', Bretha 23 . With Vn. claidem cruaidhgher colundledartha, Aen. 2499 . With adj. i mogal cháidh cholannghlan, Aithd. D. 76.7 .

comchenél

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comchenél or dil.ie/10877

n (cenél)

(a) equal family; equal standing or rank; person of equal standing: comchenēl `einen Mann gleichen Standes', Stud. in E. Ir. Law 125 . di comchinoil (leg. -eol ?) .i. di umha of equally valuable material gl. di colaind fadeisin, Laws v 410.10 Comm. comceniul cach commaith .i. cenip comsaer, O'Curry 832 ( H 3.18, 381 ), cf. is comceniul co maith, Laws ii 382.1 . Attrib. g s.: cétmuinter . . . comcheníuil of equal standing, Críth G. 347 . dim chlaind comceneoil, LU 8281 ( FB 22 ). lat' cloind coimgil coimcineoil, LL 386b38 . da cath-chinedh comcheneoil, MR 144.16 . Cf. ni cach comceniuil dochuaidh and not everyone of the same race, Auraic. 230 (comchinel, v.l.) = comchiniuil , 2545 .

(b) kin(smen), (own) family: a choimhchinéal féin, TSh. 3905 . O'R. Poems ┐ a coimchinel, ALC ii 416.4 . dá cinél .lxx. do bethadhachaib . . . com-bésaib examla acomcineōil fēin acu, RC xxiv 379.9 . See also cocenél (supra).

con-toí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. con-toí or dil.ie/12366

Forms: comthód

v ( *com-to-so-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 637 ) turns, converts; changes.

(a) Trans. contorád ind u in o iarum `has been converted', Sg. 106b4 . 5 . fobith nád comthoet o in .is., 163a1 . ara comthad gl. ara tintarrad `that he might convert', Thes. ii 314.21 . contoroe Faras a chride do miscuis macc n Israhel gl. conuertit . . . ad odiendum, Ml. 123b7 . connach intib féin nammá comthóither . . . isind esergi the change takes place, LU 2577 . In special sense: iosa conataoi do bru `has conceived', Blathm. 2 (see n.). Cf. ar genelaig noib, or chomthois in colaind sin, Ir. Lit. 42.4 .

(b) Intrans.: coruthói húahuilidetaid apreceptae do thaidbsin sainemlae dæ gl. conuertitur ad . . . , Ml. 51c22 . ma contōiet fri fīr flatha `if they turn to righteous princeship', Ériu vi 122 § 11 . otoi . . . du aisndis de fessin gl. conuertitur, Ml. 65a1 . contoat chucai son gl. conuersis, 64c1 . contóitis Ulaid . . . fris, LU 10127 ( IT i 310.2 ). contori C. uad, Corm. 30.8 ( atrōe, Corm. Y 883 ). ? contoaim foramnin a nin .i. luighim fam luighe filed, ZCP v 488.z (B. na f.) `I swear', Contribb. 483 .

Vn. comthód.

? cruthud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? cruthud or dil.ie/13287

ind trian dire dochruthudh re colaind in ratha, O'D. 2251 ( Rawl. B 506, 19a ) = do rith, Laws ii 324.24 .

daig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. daig or dil.ie/14169
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: doigh, doighthe, doightheacha, duig, dathacha

n i later t, f. m. (is ē in daigh derg, BB 319 b 30) .

I A flame, blaze, conflagration, fire . .i. ignis , H 3.18, 69 . dag .i. ingnis , O'Mulc. 337 . d.¤ = tine, Metr. daig .i. tine, Stowe Gl. 96 . daig derg dermór teintide, SR 4092 . ba mét daig ndairthaige, BDD § 65 , ib. § 66 . derg in d.¤ , LL 130 a 27 , 196 b . téit d.¤ do neim, RC xx 150 . 15 . daig garg gnathaltach, RC xxxii 392. 2 . Dáiri Derg daigh garg, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 62. 7 . in daig derglasrach, Lec. 376 a 5 . SG 18. 8 . daig ┐ debech, LL 10 b 19 = BB 33 b 3 , 4 . g s. luchair dego, TBC-LL¹ 5301 YBL (l. dhedha, St., luachair dheghadh H, l. n[d ?]aga LL). nemain dega .i. aibli tened, ut dicitur nemain dega derci, O'Mulc. 839 . dá mag déc derce dega, LL 7 a 9 ( degha, BB 28 b 20 ). eo dega deirg, LL iii 19467 . deilm ndegae, Liad. and Cuir. 16 , 22 . muir ṅdaiged tened tromruad, SR 910 . Molling lassar daiged, Bor. § 129 ( = RC xiii 102. 1 ). d s. at é rombeotar ar daig, Rawl. 88 a 41 . a óca batar ardaigh | ag orcain Maoil Milscothaig, Anecd. ii 66.1 . dosratsat fo thendáil tened ┐ fo daigid dergruaid, TTr. 572 . a s. cen cath cen indrud cen daigh ndeirg, Tig. 999 . meirgeda donna mar dhaigh, MR 228. 11 . is and atconnairc daighidh na hoirgne, Dinds. 129 ( RC xvi 81 ). orcon fri daigid: Corcach mor ... do argain f. d., Tig. 977 . arg. f. d. cech naidchi, Ériu iv 28. 23 . fri d. rohorta uile, AU i 416. 5 . ib. 376. 15 ; 408. 3 ; 424. 10 . orcain la daigid: Corcach mór do arcain la d. AU i 490. 4 . a pl. rosiacht a mórairgne ba tria daigte tened LU 114 a 43 . d pl. co ndaighthibh .i. go dteinntibh, O'Cl. ina doigthib dergthinead, Lec. 596 b 30 .—Metaph. of a hero, king, saint. d.¤ ná dubaig, IT iii 131. 10 . d.¤ ná daim crannchor, ib. 154. 4 . is daidh didaingen in duine mór, ib. 94. 34 . Niall mac Diarmata in daig derg, LL 185 a 1 . Duach dalta Dedaig in daig, ib. 129 a 25 . dá bliadain ba derb don daig, Rawl. 164 b 18 . in d.¤ dherglasrach iarthair Eorpa .i. Molaise, SG 18. 8 . a dhaigh dhána dhúir, Oss. v 14. 17 ; 16. 2 .

II A pang, stitch, or other pain P. O'C. doigh, Eg. Gl. 260 . nicon rabi doig ná tendius i corp ná hi colaind di, LB 135 b 2 . rohathnuigit bríga a cuirp cen doig cen tinnes, ib. 233 b 4 . ca an daigh dochuaidh ad chridhe, P. O'C. s.v. daigh . dochuaidh doigh éada a nAoife dhesin a dart of jealousy Atlantis iv 118. 32 . loscad daigi heartburn O'Gr. Cat. 194 . Dinneen s.v. doigh.

MOD. doigh, pl. doighthe and doightheacha, Munster duig, pl. dathacha rheumatics .

deiligidir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. deiligidir or dil.ie/15195
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: delaigid, deiligid, -deligedar, -deiligenn, dheilighes, deligfit, deléchaid, deleochar, rodelig, -dealuigheann, dealuigis, delaig, delaigetar, deiliugad, delochan

v (1 deil) separates . In late Mid. Ir. delaigid, deiligid. -deligedar, Sg. 6a19 . 28a15 . -deiligenn, Laws iv 114 Comm. dheilighes, Maund. 22 . fut. deligfit, TBC-LL¹ 423 . deléchaid, PH 780 . deleochar, 7775 . perf. rodelig, Metr. Dinds. iii 340 . -dealuigheann, TSh. 552 . dealuigis, Maund. 92 . ro delaig , Acall. 3451 . ro delaigetar , Cog. 176.11 . IGT Verbs § 106 .

I Trans.

(a) separates, scatters, with FRI (re, le) from, later ó: in lucht na r-dhelig marttra, PH 666 . co na deleochar nechtar dib re cheli, 777 . rodheiligh in gaeth friu in long, BB 40b28 . go ndealuigheann an bás ris an duine a mhaise, TSh. 552 . ro deligthe a cind ria colaind , LL 183b7 . co ro dheilighsiot a dhi ordain fris unvil they had cut off both his great toes, AFM vi 1926 . ro deiligh Dia in soillsi ona dorchadaibh, BB 15a46 .

(b) distinguishes, divides: fogur tantum nodadeligedar fri muta, Sg. 6a19 . sceraid na firenchu risna pecthachaib amail deiliges oegairi trebar a tred, YBL 164a43 . is é fáth ar ro deiliged cechtar de i tech fo leith, SG 325.12 . ro delig-sein sé saer-chodnaig dég d'á derbh-fine he detached, MR 160.22 .

(c) discriminates, settles, determines: cura deiligther itir fine mathar ┐ fine athar, cia dib gellfus de, Laws i 194.11 . cuin deiligter é ma aís in druth é no in gaeth when is it decided by his age? iii 156.18 . ro delig messe scél demin na dremni-se, LL 199b13 . ro deliged in esaenta sin, BB 158b20 .

II Intrans.

(a) parts, is divided: cor dhluig ┐ cor delig Muir Robuir rempi, LB 118b14 . slíab Oilefint dheilighes itir Maighidoin ┐ Tarsidhe forms a boundary between, Maund. 22 .

(b) distinguishes between: tabair dam immad ecna . . . co ro-deligur eter olcc ┐ maith, PH 3961 .

(c) separates, parts from: deligid friu amlaid, RC xiii 76 § 79 . do dhelaigedar . . . re chéile, SG 14.11 . co bun i ndeiligenn in ordu risin traigid, Laws iv 114 . o radealuig re cich a mathar was weaned, Ériu ii 186.10 . níor dhealuigh osna ré n-a chroidhe ó do marbhadh a mhaca leis, Keat. ii 2869 . nir mór gur dhelaig deredh an comráidh-sin ríu scarcely had they finished this conversation, BCC § 147 . ro delaigetar on cath mor amach they detached themselves from the great body of the army, Cog. 176.11 . Absol. do dealuig ar ngleic gan goim has ceased, Ériu iv 216 .

(d) differs from, excels (with DI): feib ra deligetar a n-dáer ┐ a mogaid de doeraib ┐ mogadaib fer ṅ-hErend, deligfit a n-degláich . . . de deglaichaib . . . fer ṅ-hErend, TBC-LL¹ 422 . ro deligh (sic leg.) do mhnaibh Éreann, Mórthimch. Erenn § 52 .

(e) ceases: nach dealuighenn do ghnáth an profession bendaighthesi ré sáthadh 'this holy Profession doth not cease alwaies to budde' Ériu xv 56 . Vn. deiliugad, delochan.

do-icc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-icc or dil.ie/17788
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: condid-ticci, tici-siu, do-da-ic, to-t-ic, tic, to-nn-ecad, do-s-ecat, tecait, ticed, doticed, tictis, thictis, toi-n-ictis, ticed, to-n-iced, do-m-icced, tecat, tis[s]a, tíos, tiu-sa, tís, go tis-[s]iu, tís, tisi, do-mm-, tí, tísam, tissaid, do-t-ísat, nacha-tísat, tíssat, ndon-tisat, tisor, tísir-siu, tissain, do-da-íssed, do-n-ised, do-m-issed, tised, thised, condid-tísed, condísed, contísed, tismais, tistai, do-m-istais, do-n-ístais, doristis, tístis, ticabh, ticub, do-sn-icfa, do-nd-iccfa, to-t-icfa, ticfea, ticfe, ticfai, du-nd-icfet, ticfat, ticfait, ticfaind, do-n-icfad, ticfed, du-nd-icfitis, tiuc-, tiucfad, tánac, rotanac-sa, do-ndn-anac, to-nn-anac, tánac, do-m-anicc, du-nn-ánic, du-da-ánaic, tánicc, nin-tánicc, tanaic, nín-tanic, condanicc, tánic, táinic, donfáncid, donangid, tancaibair, do-m-ancadar, du-sn-ancatar, táncatar, dom-ranic, dosranic, damrancadar, tecar, tecar, tecar, tístar, tistar, tísta, thíosta, ticht, tohét, tíchtu, tiacht, techt, da-fic, doficc, do-ficced, do-ficfe, dobarficfa, toficfat, ficfit, dofánic, dosfánic, donfáncid, dosfangator, do-s-físta, rasfecgat, tangus, tánacais, tanacais-[s]iu, ticcis, tigis, dodsisigh, ticsidh, ticsead, tigsed, co-ndn-icsitis, ticc-, tig-, dosfístá

v (* to-icc-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 557 ). Indic. pres. 2 s. condid-ticci, Wb. 24b5 . tici-siu, TBC-I¹ 2610 . 3 s. do-da-ic, Ml. 123d3 . to-t-ic, Fél. May 25 . tic, SR 8117 , etc. 3 pl. to-nn-ecad, TBC-I¹ 475 . do-s-ecat, Lec. 85b1 . (Mid.Ir. tecat, tecait.) Impf. 3 s. ní ticed , Ml. 41d9 . doticed, SR 1116 . 3 pl. tictis, TBC-I¹ 1432 (LU). do thictis , SR 1120 . toi-n-ictis, BB 39a22 . Ipv. 3 s. ticed, LU 3660 ( SCC § 32 ). to-n-iced, TBC-I¹ 1061 ; do-m-icced, etc. 3 pl. tecat, TBC-I¹ 1402 (LU).

Subj. pres. 1 s. co tis[s]a , TBC-I¹ 938 . tíos, Lism. L. 2297 . co tiu-sa , PH 997 . 2 s. tís, TBC-LL¹ 1860 . go tis-[s]iu, 5979 . acht co tís , RC iii 181.14 . Mid.Ir. mina tisi , Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 40 . 3 s. do-mm-, Fél. Ep. 561 . co tí , Wb. 8d25 , Ml. 26a5 . 1 pl. ara tísam , TBC-I¹ 25 . 2 pl. tan tissaid , SR 3501 . 3 pl. cé do-t-ísat , Ériu i 198 § 17 . ar nacha-tísat , Wb. 17d10 . co tíssat , Hy. ii 36 . co ndon-tisat , TBC-I¹ 3066 . In Mid.Ir. often depon. in 1 and 2 s.: co tisor , TBC-I¹ 939 , Lism. L. 2315 . na tísir-siu , LL 262b28 . Impf. 1 s. co tissain , SR 1814 . 3 s. do-da-íssed, Ml. 39c15 . do-n-ised, TBC-I¹ 925 (LU). cia do-m-issed , 1728 . tised, Wb. 27c8 . mani thised , 4c15 . condid-tísed, 21a1 . condísed, 25a6 . contísed, Thes. ii 242.6 (Ardm.). do-r-issed, Corm. s.v. leithech (LB). 1 pl. tismais, TBC-I¹ 2357 . 2 pl. dia tistai , TBC-LL¹ 590 . 3 pl. do-m-istais, TBC-I¹ 2832 . do-n-ístais, Ériu i 114 § 3 . ? doristis, TTr.² 692 . tístis. Fut. 1 s. ticabh, Lism. L. 2299 . ticub, Ériu vii 229.11 , AFM i 308 (poem). 3 s. do-sn-icfa, Wb. 5c5 . do-nd-iccfa, 29c4 . to-t-icfa, SR 6855 . ticfea, Wb. 4d6 . ticfe, SR 8103 . ticfai, IT i 20.28 (LB). 3 pl. du-nd-icfet, Ml. 19b11 . ticfat, SR 8037 etc. ticfait, 8129 . Condit. 1 s. ní ticfaind , TBC-I¹ 2504 . 3 s. do-n-icfad, Wb. 21a3 . nad ticfed , Ml. 46a19 . 3 pl. du-nd-icfitis, 68a1 . In later lang. the stem tiuc- commonly occurs in fut. tiucfad (1 s.), TE 9 (Eg.).

Pret. and Perf. 1 s. tánac, SR 1684 , cf. 1695 . rotanac-sa, IT i 102.22 . 2 s. do-ndn-anac, TBC-I¹ 1613 (YBL) = to-nn-anac, (LU). tánac, 485 . 3 s. do-m-anicc, Wb. 12c9 . du-nn-ánic, 25a21 . du-da-ánaic, Ml. 123c3 . tánicc, Wb. 30d11 . nin-tánicc, 1d1 . tanaic, Ml. 35d1 . nín-tanic, 14d4 . condanicc, Wb. 3c27 . Mid.Ir. tánic, táinic. 2 pl. donfáncid, LU 1451 . donangid, 1452 . tancaibair, 2328 . 3 pl. do-m-ancadar, TBC-I¹ 2807 , du-sn-ancatar, 832 . táncatar. With -ro-: dom-ranic, TBC-I¹ 2787 . dosranic, ZCP xi 110 § 32 . damrancadar, TBC-I¹ 2850 . Pass. (s. only) ipv. na tecar , TBC-LL¹ 1767 . Pres. tecar, ni tecar , Laws , etc. Subj. pres. co tístar , Moling 71 . na tistar , RC iii 185.4 . Impf. tísta; muna thíosta , AFM vi 1918 . Pret. and perf. ticht (tohét, v.l.) . . . o Ch. i ndiaid mac mB., Cymmr. xiv 110 § 10 (see ZCP xviii 326 ). -tícht, Loinges mac nDuíl Dermait 56 § 22 . Vn. tíchtu, tiacht, etc. Later also techt.

Mid.Ir. deuterotonic forms with inorganic -f-: da-fic, TBC-I¹ 561 LU = doficc, YBL; impf. do-ficced; fut. do-ficfe, TBC-I¹ 203 . dobarficfa, SG 376.9 . toficfat, TBC-I¹ 1077 (LU). ficfit, 171 ; pret. dofánic, TBC-I¹ 1778 (LU). dosfánic, SR 1687 . donfáncid, LU 1451 . dosfangator, Hugh Roe 300.4 (donangatar, 5). Pass. subj. impf. do-s-físta, TBC-LL¹ 2818 . Cf. also: rasfecgat (= do-s-ecat), TBC-LL¹ 5088 ( LL 96a47 ).

With s- forms in pret. and perf.: 1 s. tangus. 2 s. tánacais, TBC-I¹ 2415 . tanacais-[s]iu, IT i 102.23 . Also 3 s. ticcis, tigis, e.g. Fl. Earls 32.22 , 46.1 , 78.14 .

The follg. subj. forms are perhaps due to contamination with -dichs-, prototonic stem of do-cóis- (tiagu): Pres. 3 s. dodsisigh . . . ticsidh , Ériu v 156 , 174 . Impf. 3 s. ticsead, Lec. 347a51 ; 342b22 . ara tigsed , 191b30 . 3 pl. co-ndn-icsitis, Lat. Lives 49 . In late Mid.Ir. subj. is often formed from stem ticc-, tig-.

I In O.Ir. usually with direct object (freq. an infixed pron. in accus.) comes to, approaches, denoting motion (physical or figurative).

(a) With pers. obj.: do-ss-icc seigh mar don muir, Anecd. i 70 . to-t-ic (do tic, v.l.) féil Iohannis, Fél. May 25 . ní ticed scís mo chnamai cid dian . . . nothéisinn, Ml. 41d9 . doticfa diliu trom, SR 2442 . toticfa dígal, 6855 . doforficfa foirit[h]in help will come to you, CCath. 3579 . dobicfat (doforfiucfad, v.l.) anbthine móra, Ériu ii 196 . túatha hÉrenn tairchantais | do-sn-icfed sídflaith núae, Hy. ii 19 . is ed rochreti cách duibsi . . . nachabticfed for rí, Ml. 46a14 . dommí co ndegairdib . . . mo c[h]ara cain may my friend come to me, ACL iii 221 . Michel uasal . . . doti for cech cái, Anecd. ii 52 . nachamthí bét nā bini, Ériu ii 92 . guidim-si . . . nachasti nach plāigh, Anecd. ii 34 . nām thí garga fri sluagh nArda may no resentment against . . . come to me, ACL iii 297 . cé do tísat morgressa, Ériu i 198 . co ndontisat a ndá trichaid cēt sin, TBC-I¹ 3066 . ma(i) domised-sa com thech | hua Mescain should come to me to my house, AU 617 . nicon fil frithorcain nachamthísed-sa, Ml. 107b8 . co nam tísad congain cride, ZCP v 497 . menim-thistais écne, Ériu v 210 . domanic ben maethainech, TBC-I¹ 2789 . isé ceta-domthanic who was the first to come to me, 2794 . boi C. ina otharligiu andside conatatanicc Senoll, 2735 . tainic anbthine mór a cobhlach, CCath. 162 . bennacht for cach donancamar everyone we have come to, Anecd. i 11 . tabraid far mbennachtain forsin flaith do-n-fáncid the prince to whom you have come, MU² 925 . dosfancadar uilc mora, CCath. 313 .

Rare in pass.: dammad ar galaib óenfir dosfístá Oengus, TBC-LL¹ 2818 (= do hionnsochtai, St.).

do-m-icc comes to me in sense of I getfrom): is deolaid a trian tic fer mbunaid the third which the original owner gets, Laws iv 180 . a trian tic na flaithi, Ériu i 214 . tomiced biad cach n-oen-aichde uaidib let them send me food, TBC-I¹ 1061 . do-micced mo dlighedh let me have my right, Laws i 82 Comm. domiced claideb úaib give me a sword, TBFr. 229 . ni-n-tiucba a ndonfarnic arráir we shall not get what we got last night, RC x 66 . minab samlaid thēis, roticfa (for rot-t.) cloch huaimse isin tailm, TBC-I¹ 795 . día tísat eóin Mag M . . . . duticfat thou shalt have them, LU 3272 ( SCC § 6 ). ingaib ifern . . . rothí (= rotthí) nem so shalt thou gain heaven, ZCP vi 265 . acht co nomthi oen-poicc (for oen pócc?) duit provided I get a kiss from you, RC xxiv 198 . con-nachamthised uait acht oen-lám that thou shouldst use only one hand against me, RC iii 184 . bid fō lim tomissed comardha n-uait that thou shouldst send me a token, TBC-I¹ 925 . ara tisad a fīr cāch everyone should get his right, Laws i 152 . maic bic . . . resíu tosni a aicneth (= priusquam impellat natura), Ériu vii 144 . cuman lim amal domáinic labrad how I learned to speak, Imr. Brain ii 293 . co namthí techt do nemdaib till I gain entrance to heaven, Ériu vi 115 . Cf. also: Buarannach mac E. a síth L. domanaicsea I am B. from the fairy-mound of L., MacCongl. 75 (replacing atom-comnaicc, see 1 ad-cumaing).

(b) With obj. denoting place, destination, aim: hi ngrellig donnicc echrad rig to which the horses of a king come, TBC-I¹ 3545 . ba fornocht talam eturru ┐ daneccad hUlaid re fuined ngrēne reach it, TBC-I¹ 3418 . in tan tanic in ṁBruig ṁbúain, Ériu vii 223 . mac is amru tánic Laigniu riam, RC xiii 373 . do neoch nā toracht ┐ nā tanic an dunad, TBC-I¹ 3409 . tancatar a tech, Hy. v 53 . co tancatar Temraig, RC iii 182 . ? cén co tisam dutracht lind though we achieve not our desire, SG 45 .

co ticci till thou comest (to): condid-ticci till thou comest to it, Wb. 24b5 . rob áil damsa do dula-su co tici fail i fil Emer, TBC-I¹ 2425 . settai mná Ulad uli co nomthici-sea till thou comest to me, i.e. except me, FB § 24 . Usually as prepositional phr. as far as, up to, till: focheird C. tri bidgu ina ndiaid cotici in n-ath, TBC-I¹ 1324 . co tici Ath Da Fertai, 2135 . co ticci a dorn, 3163 . do sárluag . . . co tici do chutrommae up to thy full value (weight), TE 13 (LU). dochoid-si . . . codicce Dun S., TBC-I¹ 1317 . táinicc Brian hi Midhe co ticci Loch nA., AFM ii 728 . Cf. mod. gonuige up to, as far as, and co tí under II (a) infra.

II In Mid.Ir. and later lang. usually intrans. comes . So occasionally in O.Ir. glosses, e.g. Wb. 27c8 , 30d11 , Ml. 46a19 , and in the phrase co tí, Wb. 8d25 , 26a5 , 11 , Ml. 26a5 ; more freq. the obj. (person or destination) is replaced by a neut. infixed pron. inna persine dodiccfa, Wb. 29c4 . condid-tísed ind aimser, 21a1 . ciasidfiadat-som dundicfet in[na] fochaidi, Ml. 19b11 . ind aimsir dundicfitis Assair, 68a1 . So in the follg. exx.: fri snadud neich dodisad co n-airchetul who should come with poetry, TBC-I¹ 594 (YBL). is bráth fri bidbadu dodanic ann, 3192 . in laech dodanic, 3205 , cf. 3214 , 3216 . ba hé Cáilte dodánic, Imr. Brain i 48 . is bruthmar a bara in chaurad dadanig and, TBC-I¹ 3277 . is leth gliad dandanic (= dond.) and, 3252 . fíad ind óclaig dundánic, Imr. Brain i 47 . ar cind cach tascuir dodanic, Laws i 48 Comm. The freq. use of and thither, there in combination with this infixed pron. shows that the force of the latter was early lost. The orig. trans. construction leaves its trace further in Mid.Ir. and even later in the freq. occurrence of a nugatory infixed obj. pron.: dafic C. chucu, TBC-I¹ 561 (LU = doficc, YBL). nostic immach he comes forth, Ériu iv 100 (ergid, v.l.). dusfic Eoin gusin gcuid oile do na hapstaloibh, Fl. Earls 116 . a hArd C. dusfánaicc go Cenel Conaill, Hy Fiach. 76 . nostecat 'na ndáil, Ériu iv 106 . dusficceat darsna múraibh, AFM vi 2214 .

(a) In lit. sense: lion ticcthi tar tuile theinn as many of you as come, BS 20 . na fir-sea thecait anair who come from the east, Imr. Brain ii 288 . cech slamsrúam thened doniged ina bél asa brágit, TBC-I¹ 1947 . do choistecht fri timna | tictis isna sabbóteib, SR 4596 . doticdis na bāi . . . for ingeilt . . . a crich Dal R., Corm. Y 585 . dia tí iall i mag, TBC-I¹ 1168 . ticfa tálcend dar muir, Hy. ii 21 Comm. ( Thes. ii 314 ). muna dtíosadh aingeal Dé do nimh, Ériu i 91 . intan tíos aríss when I come back, Lism. L. 2297 . mina ticte-sa beo tar h'ais if you should not come back alive, ZCP vi 82 . ticfat a cind da colaind they shall lose their heads, CRR 22 . co tanic a inchind fora chluasa, TBC-I¹ 810 . fada ód' thír tangais alle, BS 58 . robá i ngalar ┐ tancabair dom torroma, RC iv 246 . roiarfuig doib canas tancatar, Hy. iv Pref . romarbhsat an manach ┐ tangattar iter a cend ┐ a cholann (i.e. beheaded him?), BNnÉ 41 . táncatár a traigthe co mbatar da éis turned backwards, TBC-I¹ 1932 . With co: acht co tís chucund provided thou come to us, RC iii 181 . ir-richt eoin ticed Uictor aingel co Patraic, Hy. ii 8 Comm. tainic Fergus co a pupall, TBC-I¹ 2313 . cach anmanna . . . doticed dochum nAdaim, SR 1116 . tanic nell chuice she swooned, MacCarthy 66 = dosfánic nél, SR 1637 .

Of seeds, sprouts, comes forth: tig síol is táire is ní thig | gráinne ríogh isan roilig 'a humbler seed sprouts in the graveyard but the seed of kings sprouts not', Giolla Brighde 28 § 23 .

Mid.Ir. do-icc (remi) advances, proceeds: tanic F. remi da pupull, TBC-I¹ 2419 . tainic roimhe fón toichim sin, BS 10 . táncatar rompu assan bhaile, Acall. 47 . tangadar rempo co hāth in c[h]omlaind, TBC-I¹ 2325 , 2472 , 2517 ; CRR 10 .

co tí lit. until . . . comes as prep. until: co tí in firbrithem, Wb. 8d25 . co tí lae messa, Ml. 26a5 . co tí Pátraic, Trip.² 2086 . ni fuil noeb conní a airde | co tí in Coimdiu, ACL iii 303 . óndiu co tí bráth until Doomsday, TBC-I¹ 2254 , cf. 2653 . co ti in brath(a), MR 174 . ticfa am . . . gid fada gairid go tí, Fianaig. 74.13 . o chruthughadh an domhain go dtigh so till now, Hard. i 206 .

Comes back, returns: sochaide scaras fria choemu . . . ┐ meni thiset uli i n-imslánti, TBC-LL¹ 197 . ond úair do-chúaid for conair cosin n-uair donánic, TTr.² 527 .

In fig. sense, of transition to a state, mental activity, etc.: doficfad Ulaid asa noeindin, TBC-I¹ 1077 . is minca teagaid locht an fiabrais seo cum beathadh nā cum bāis, 23 P 10, 168rb4 . is roluath tig chum tormuigh it increases, 3 C 19, 33ra10 . gurob mar sin tiocfus . . . a n-aithne na gcúisi shall come to know the causes, 62rb3 . tanic for menmain dó a breth, PH 832 . tainic ar menmain do Stait . . . bunadh, etc. occurred to Statius, TTebe 8 . gurab ón Diabhal tháinig dó an tAifrionn do chur ar gcúl (the idea) came to him of abolishing, Eochairsg. 22 .

Of time, comes, arrives: o thig aghaidh when night comes, BS 30 . o thig laa, 32 . tan dusficc tiughlaithe neich, AFM vi 2184 ond úair thanic a amser when his time (to die) had come, SR 4972 . is demin tánic mo lá my day (of death) has come, SG 91 . tainic dia fo chend a saogal, óir . . . do benadh a gcinn uile díbh their last day came, ALC ii 386 .

By extension, comes to an end, is spent (most freq. in pret.): a n-écmais do beith agum co tí an bliadhain till the year comes to an end, Imr. Brain i 67 . co táinicc trath don ló ┐ don laithe (leg. dond aidchi?) foesin (i.e. till twenty-four hours had elapsed), Moling 8 . tháinicc mórán don lá the day is far spent, Mark vi 35 . Cf. do-icc as (iii).

do-icc dom comes to me, befalls me: co ti taem dot daenacht duit may some stirring of thy humanity visit thee, ACL iii 243 . na ticfad d'ulc ┐ do maith dam all the evil . . . that might fall to me, CRR 11 . dofánic faindi dó, Ériu iv 154 . iarsin tánic galar glan, | feib tic do cach, for Adam, SR 2026 . anfud mór tanic do C. . . . co roattaig Brigit co tísad féth do, Hy. iv Pref . ( Thes. ii 323 ). tangattar doibh na huile so iar mbreithir Ruadháin, BNnÉ 16 . Rarely with LA in this sense: na trí fochaide ata annsom doticfad la Ultu the three worst pests that would befall Ulster, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 26 . atraig C. ┐ dofancatar a ḟerga lais, TBC-LL¹ 1982 .

Of states, events, etc., in general comes about, takes place, happens: ní thig re ré an raimheic ríogh | gníomh ar nar ainic sé an slógh, DDána 91.11 . gur tria n-a aimsiughadh . . . tainic marbadh dhuic de B., Fl. Earls 136 . bidh fis gach neich nadurtha ag na heolchaibh sul tigid siad ann, Ir. Astr. Tr. vi 6 . táncatar sain uile ó Media all these things came to pass through M., LL 221b21 ( TTr. 325 ). is aes ingine macdacht insin ┐ ni thangadar a fhergnima beos, TBC-I¹ 363 . dona tomhadhmannaib tangatar re a linn i nEirinn, Leb. Gab.(i) 54 . fios na neithedh nách táinig knowledge of the future, Ó Héodhusa 155 .

Comes into being, arises, originates: nia duine tiucfae will arise (of Christ), Corm. Y 959 . tiocfa sāi da c[h]loinn dia ēis | bhenfus do chāch a coibhēis, ZCP viii 109 . ar na huilibh da ttainig ┐ da ttiocfa, Luc. Fid. 49 . a chlērigh is ferr tainec thou best of clerics ever born, ZCP viii 302 . conid tainic Senchas Mar was established, Laws i 40 . ag so mar tháinig Béibhionn the descent of B. was as follows, Keat. iii 4041 .

Comes to pass, is fulfilled: táinig tairngire Chiaráin, Arch. Hib. i 83 . táinic in tarrngairi áigh, | táilginn treabsat Cluain Cesáin, Acall. 499 . táinic in tairngiri doronadh dam, D IV 2, 44ra39 . See also under tairngire.

In certain cases do-icc is loosely employed to denote state, development, etc., almost in sense is, becomes, etc.: tig ag Bodhmainn dha bhiathadh he is with B. for his feeding, is fostered by B., Duan. F. i 33 . cionnas tig Eire gan Aodh? how does Ireland get on? Ériu viii 85 . bith a ḟis ag S. gurub maith tainig cruithneacht na mbráthar has thriven, grown, JRSAI ii 360 (1858-9) . bid dis deireoil thu . . . ┐ na tis tar triar chaidchi thou shalt never come past three (i.e. shalt never have more than three descendants living at a time), Lec. 126a18 . tic sin timchell cheithri mile . . . ponnta amounts to, Fl. Earls 178 . cuic seoit .i. da tecait dā ba which amount to two cows, Laws iv 148 Comm. See IGT Verbs § 7 .

Escapes, recovers (also with prep. AS, see (c) below): tinnes . . . ┐ ticc fa dheoigh, C IV 2, 11b4 . dogheibh cunntabhairt bháis ┐ tiuccfaidh, 23b6 .

ní ticc it is not possible: ó nach tig riar an dá rann | gan bheith diomdhach since I cannot agree to both sides, Content. ix 17 . eimealtus romor . . . innus nach ticeann turoisimh 'n-a laeighi do dhenamh so that the patient cannot remain lying down, 23 P 10, 3a49 .

With adj., etc., as pred. almost equivalent to subst. vb.: dotí mac fir in baile slán, ZCP ix 485 . is midlachda tánac, TBC-LL¹ 1279 . tig ót omna ḟaidchennaigh | an chomhla 'na codchannaib the door is shattered, IGT Decl. ex. 69 .

Various idioms: do-icc cride (for) relents, is moved (towards, by): tic craidhe in chléirig gan cheilg | gur réidig as [a] ardfheirg, SG 27 . tic croidhe ┐ inntinn an righ for ghnúis an mhacaoim, BNnÉ 183 . tainig cridhe Moeog fuirte . . . ní tainic cridhe an righ for Moeog, 187 . tanic a n-aicned co mor forro ┐ ba truag leo a toitim, TTebe 3125 . d.¤ i tir gets on, succeeds: mar thigid i dtír, Ó Bruad. ii 170 ; cf. Gadelica i 64 and see 1 tír.

(b) Commonly used in impers. pass. where agent is indefinite: ní tegar dom airfidedh none cometh to make music to me, BS 84 . mina thistar a nēllaib . . . dot indsaigid, nā (leg. ní?) ticfaider anair nā 'niar dot indsaigid, TBC-I¹ 2510 . co tistar ó Dia do nim | d'ordugud mo chuirp, SR 2055 . gidmait . . . co tístar óm Tigerna . . . do cosecradh mo thóedan, Moling 71 . décce dún ammag na tistar chucund cen aicsin lest anyone come to us unseen, RC ii 185 . cumad o Dia tista do breith na muici, ZCP xii 399 . muna thíosta dia ccobhair a ttraitte, AFM vi 1918 . ní tiocfuighthior chuige le holc he shall not be visited with evil, Proverbs xix 23 . ó rofitir M. co ticfaidthea ina degaid that he would be followed, SG 404 . ba maith inti cusa tancus annsin .i. Fiachra, RC xxiv 184 . tancas o Ḟind dom chungidsa, TBC-LL¹ 26 . tangas amach o mac A. da radha a message came out, Cog. 210 . tangus ó shíol M. ar cend R. . . . do thabairt righe dó, AFM iii 86 . tangus orrtha le pícibh they were attacked, Rel. Celt. ii 188 . do thángathas ar gach taoibh people came on every side, ITS i 28 . in túisig risi táncas in techt `the leader with whom the expedition had arrived', LL 221a23 ( TTr. 292 ). ragaid limsa mu drutha . . . ┐ in lín dancus lim uile, Lib. Flav. i 26va38 . dothæt in rigan . . . ┐ ba caem tancas andsin for cach mbuada 'twas a fair coming, Aen. 722 . nir thigthi dho anall he should not have to come, MS. Mat. 542 ( Lec. 167a ).

(c) Idiomatic uses with various prepp.

With AR

(i) speaks of, touches on, mentions (also with TAR, see below): ag so mar thig Policronicon ar an ní gcéadna, Keat. iii 25 . is é so an comhartha ar a dtig Eoin san seachtmhadh caibidil, Eochairsg. 39 . tancamar ar a lān do briathraibh CC. we have related, BCC 362 . ar an ttres n-athcuinghid tigther ann so, Ó Héodhusa 100 .

(ii) agrees on: in ní ar a táinic O Néill ┐ misi re céili, O'Gr. Cat. 57 . táinic ar a chomhadhaib uile dó agreed to all his terms, ML 146 . tángadar leath ar leath ar na cuir ┐ na slánaibh sin dh'á chéile, 8 . gach nidh ar a dtángadar na hAithreacha d'aonintinn, Eochairsg. 21 .

(iii) begins with (in gramm.): an focal tig ar fearn, IGT Introd. § 73 . .h. as lomadh don fhocal tig ar ghuthaidhe, § 18 .

(iv) falls on, devolves on, pertains to: ar teora ferba tic so applies to, Laws i 68 Comm. ni horum-sa ticc guide ar bur son, BCC 282 . ainm . . . nach tiu[c]fad acht ar drochduine would be applicable to, 53 . Cf. also: rochuala-som int éces oc gúmháidim ala n-aile [ṅ-airec] n-inganta amail bid hé bodessin ar dorissed (no ara tísead) (`of whom he spoke' O'Don.; to whom it pertained?), Corm. s.v. leithech (= arahíssed who invented it, YBL).

With ASS

(i) comes out, escapes: (impers.) bróga . . . ní thig asta, is ní chrapaid le láin-teas (i.e. they neither come off, being too loose, nor shrink), O'Rah. xviii 24 . gach ní as a dtigtir `from which an escape is got' (?), Content. xxii 4 . da dtí as . . . muna dtí as recovers , 23 K 42, 347.20 .

(ii) results from: as dá maidhm . . . tig an tír do thiormochadh, Content. vi 69 . da ticfadh as sin co scrisfaide na healadhna, Ir. Astr. Tr. 8 .

(iii) runs out, comes to an end: tánic in bliadain ass fói sin, SG 237 .

With DE

(i) comes, arises from, depends on, is consequent on, due to: ni maith na airm-se . . . ni thic mo dingbail-se di sodhain my equivalent comes not therefrom (i.e. `they are not worthy of me'?), TBC-LL¹ 1094 . isé rí na Temrach túaid, | isé in triath da tic al-les from whom her welfare depends, LL 306b19 . de thainig a thiughlaithi, MacCarthy 420 . tainig tairmesg na duaine desin, Laws v 230 Comm. na minpheacaidh . . .tig díobh na fíréin do bheith i dteine phurgadóra, Eochairsg. 117 . ni thicfa dím-sa . . . a ndul uaitsiu I will not be the cause of their going from you, FDG 612 . go mbudh de sin do thiocfadh na glais do sgaoileadh that would cause the fetters to burst asunder, Eochairsg. 113 . dothicfad dia n-imut nach biath anóir forro such would be their abundance that they would not be valued, Marco P. 105 . gémadh é a oidedh no thiacht de though his death should be the consequence, ZCP xiv 228.6 (leg. nothísad?). dusfainicc dia fertoibh ┐ mhirbuilibh go ttarla toirrches don mbanrigain, Fl. Earls 222 . tainic da righi nertmhar | táth Erenn re haon-shechtmhuin, ZCP xi 42 .

By extension, (ii) do-icc dím it comes from me, i.e. I am able (to): inund són ┐ daic dím which is as much as to say `I am able for it', CRR 44 . ni thic do neoch molad do denum dó, FA 1 (LB). atcualamar . . . co ticc dit remhaisneis cach neith ticfa isin domum, CCath. 4040 . ni thic d'innscne aentengad . . . túr na teist na tuaruscbail Domnaill, MR 182 . ni mō nosticc do Thuirnn a loscad inā loscad in mara T. can no more burn them than he could the sea, Aen. 2032 . rí nime naemhainglech dá tig gach ní who can do all (from whom all proceeds?), ZCP viii 203 . ni thicfa dibhsi anum do thabairt ina dáinib romarbsabar, RC xiv 36 . is iat-sin lānemain dia ticfa mo lesugud-sa, ZCP i 103 . diambad áil dait ticfad dít Ulaid do sídugud, MU² 169 . ni rabi 'sin domun . . . oenḟer da tisad diṅgbail Achil, LL 244a28 ( TTr. 2038 ). achd go dtí dhíom mo thuras . . . do choimhlíonadh, Acts xx 24 . acht co tisa[d] de iomus forasna ┐ dicetal, etc. provided he knew (could practise), Anecd. ii 76 . rogheall a chobhair dia ttíosadh de, AFM vi 2056 . dús an ttiseadh dhe a bfurtacht if he could help them, Hugh Roe 300 . ba derbh leo, dia ttiseadh da nach n-aon oile a bfoirithin . . . combadh dhe a aenar dusfiucfedh if anyone could help them, he and he only could, 278 . gi bec fogla do tigfad de ra Gallaib however little injury he might be able to inflict on the foreigners, Cog. 60 . do Dhia táinic a thoirmesg, BS 6 . is dod gaiscedh-sa tanic in sīdh ūd do dēnum, ZCP vi 49 . go dtiocfadh dhí féin . . . Curaoi do bheith i n-uathadh sluagh she herself would contrive that C. should have few warriors, Keat. ii 3495 .

Note also: tánic de coa mnaí fessin, LU 3267 ( SCC § 6 ). Cf. next par. section (iii).

With DO

(i) falls to, befalls , see above.

(ii) pertains to, applies to, suits: is deas thiocfadh culaidh den bfaision so duit, GJ iv 29 . as follus . . . go tainicc an briathar adubairt Pol . . . do C. C. applied to, BCC 424 . go dtáinic sé dom' aois leigean dom dhíth ceille it became my age to give free course to my folly, ITS xvii 220 . In impers. constr.: ? ma dic dula dam-sa if I can go, Ériu vii 222 . claon cum . . . siubhail for thalamh coimhightheach le dtiocfadh dhó níosa fearr where he will succeed better, Corp. Astron. 132 .

(iii) do-icc dom co . . . (impers., see Celtica ii 216 ) it is time for me to . . ., I arrive at, attain to: acht tised doib co oes ferdatad provided they reached manhood, TBC-I¹ 505 (LU). ó thánic dóibh co dérgud when it was time for them to go to bed, FB § 80 . co tainic co tabairt a n-airm doaib when they had all things ready for plying their arms, Laws i 250 . o thanic dó co dul dochum nime when his time came to go to heaven, Anecd. i 44 . o thánic doib cusin aidche Sathairn when the eve of Saturday arrived, Ériu ii 204 . ó thainigc cusna dédenchu dó-som when his end was at hand, BColm. 106 . o thainicc dhósomh gusna deighencha, Hugh Roe 262 .

With FO

(i) opposes, impugns (Laws): int ap tic fo coraib who impugns the contract, Laws i 52 Comm. ni theacait fo curudh, v 224 Comm. co ma fon uiliataid tista and `to the entire action objection could be made', 184 Comm.

(ii) do-icc fúm it occurs to me, I form the notion, project (of): tainic fai a breith ar eigin co minicc he often thought of carrying her off by force, Lib. Flav. i 33vb (cf. PH 832 ). cidh teichedh do thísadh fútha, CCath. 1745 .

With FRI

(i) comes against, withstands, opposes, injures: ní bía a nert ar nech fo nimh | óir ticc ríu nert Dé dhūiligh, BNnÉ 255 . ní thicfad ri forngaire ind ríg, LL 220a27 ( TTr. 222 ). dia tístais firu in domain frim-sa ní thicfad Congal, MR 12 . ni bāi do dūilib Dē dil | dūil nothissed fri ar menmain | . . . acht int angbaid Lucifur, SR 1510 . tiocfaidther ret' rath ┐ bid é torad do bhronn tiocfus riut, SG 395 . cret ticc ritt? what ails thee? TE 7 (Eg.). rofiarfaigh L. dhi cread tainic fría what had happened to her, Ériu v 80 . an trath teagar reisin ngaili o rotheasaid[e] when the stomach is affected through excessive heat, 23 P 10, 141vb22 . annamh tréan nach dteagthar ris, Dánta Gr. 53.2 . ar oman co tiucfaidhe frib ó Dia uel ó duine for fear you might meet with a reverse, O'Gr. Cat. 132 . tiocfa crochadh an Ríogh riú, A. Ó Dálaigh xlii 9 .

(ii) submits to, agrees to (with), freq. in Laws Comm.: in tan tic-sium re dliged submits to law, Laws iii 116 Comm. . tegaid ar aen re dliged comruic `appeal to the law of combat', v 150 Comm. . co tisat fri dlighedh, i 106 Comm. . cia notisad ria aithrigi, 10 Comm. . in ni nā tainic nō nā tudchad frí breithir nDe did not agree with, 38 Comm.

Later with RE (LE) concurs, agrees with, suits: tigim ris an reachd gur maith é I consent unto the law, Romans vii 16 . fá an ní ré dtig se which he alloweth, xiv 22 . tig Camden féin leis an bhfreagradh so, Keat. i 58 . gur beag d'úghdaraibh thig ré chéile ar chomháireamh na haimsire, 86 . mar nach tigid na príomhúghdair seo le n-a chéile, 88 . ní thangadar a bhfíadhnuisidhe le chéile, Mark xiv 56 . ge tic apium ┐ alues le cele da rēr a serui though parsley and aloes agree in pungency, Ir. Astr. Tr. 72 . ní thig an preabán núa-éuduigh leis an tsein-éudach, Luke v 36 . ní thuigim go dtiocfadh rum | ar mhaoidhis d'oideacht oram that the teaching you boasted of giving me would suit me, Content. ix 5 . tainic celmaine Brenainn leis an faistine, BNnÉ 291 . nach ticfidís naeimh eile Erend re cinel Conaill mar tainic se féin les, BCC 275 . tig siad go maith le bheith 'na mbráithre they make good friars, Corp. Astron. 66 .

With LA; late Mid.Ir. ticc limm I am able (to), succeed (in): da ticed let a chosc dīm, ZCP vi 100 . ní thicfadh linn a rímh, i 424 . ionnus go dtiocfadh linn bunadhas cinidh Scoit do lorgaireacht, Keat. i 224 . go dtáinic le mnaoi a mhealladh, Gadelica 241 . tigthear le sunnradh do bheith san iollradh it is possible for . . . to be . . ., IGT Introd. 7 . Common in Mod.Ir. Cf. further: gach a ffuarus d'olc leo | tiucfaidh liom géin bam beo `will come against me' (= t. frim? or `will remain with me' = I will not forget?), Duan. F. i 21 .

With ó

(i) comes (safe) from, escapes from: ní thainic aón duine . . . ona chomlann riamh no one ever came safe from combat with him, Ériu v 174 . uatha ní tigthear le tóir, O'Hara 2364 . na daoine do gheabaid bás ┐ na daoine thiocfus on esláinti, 24 P 3, 169.9 .

(ii) comes from, i.e. is stated by: amal tic o Beid i n-a stair as Bede states, YBL 166b1 . is ed tic ó Ísu sund, PH 7953 .

With TAR

(i) transgresses, violates: cipé tí dar recht na ríg, Metr. Dinds. iii 18 . cid bé rí tí tar an saoirese, BColm. 44 . ní meisi ticfa tairis (of a truce), Moling 64 . is túscu rofaemomaisne sin inás do tiocfámais tar in mbreithir doratsum re Poimp, CCath. 1682 . o thanuc-sa dar timna nDé, PH 4019 . táncadar thar decrachaib ┐ tara cointindib na hecailse, RC xvii 154 (Tig.). cach fír dar ná tecar slán that is not transgressed with safety, Metr. Dinds. iii 6 . tuc-somh ratha tar nach ticthe do na tréinferaib inviolable pledges, SG 356 .

(ii) overcomes, subdues: ní ardadh fris trén ar nách tísadh (darna tisad, v.l.) whom he did not overcome, CCath. 359 . ní tarla friu tren tar na tiostais, AFM vi 2280 . Caisel an urláir do dhénamh lá comharba C.C. . . . ┐ dobhert mallacht forsan tí no thiocfadh thairis `would come over it' (attack, destroy?), ii 1146 .

(iii) touches on, mentions, speaks of: tic Oengus issin broluch tar bás Donnchada, Fél. 8 . teagaid seacht n-airtegail díobh tar dhiadhacht airdríogh na ríogh deal with , Ó Héodhusa 8 . ní tháinig áon duine thairis ós áird spake openly of Him, John vii 13 . na luinge Saxanaighe sin tar a ttangamar thuas spoken of above, AFM vi 2096 ; 2046 . Oliuerus da[ra] ticer (tara tegur, v.l.) go minic agaibh-si of whom ye often speak, Fier. 27 . adubhrais . . . ag teacht duit tar Eoghan mhór, Content. iii 22 .

(d) With adverbs. do-icc istech (mod.): muna ttí an tairrngire asteagh don Domhnall so unless the prophecy comes home to (is verified in) this D., 3 C 13, 814.13 . fáisdine athar, más fíor | tiocfa asteagh d'oighre an airdríogh, 18 . tiocfaidh an aimsir isteach go maith the weather will turn out (?) all right, Corp. Astron. 58 . a ré go dtiocfadh is teach `till his own day would come', PBocht 50 § 35 . do-icc istech ar (i n-) comes in on, interferes with, assails: ceathrar do shliocht Éibhir | tig tar ghealladh ortha isteagh, Content. vi 88 . do bhi aon mharcach . . . ag techt astech do shíor ionnta who constantly attacked them, Rel. Celt. ii 198 . do-icc suas (le) comes up (with), overtakes (mod.): tángadar suas le cailín óg, GJ iv 94 .

III In Mid.Ir. occas. for do-beir gives (see Meyer, ZCP xii 426 ; Thurn. Hdb. xiv 421 ; IGT Verbs §§ 5 , 14 ): ticimm bulli de frissin comlaid I deal a blow with it, MacCongl. 87 . tic uball dó, 51 . tig a láim dar[a] agaid, 109 . ticc an clerech aithne fair, Cog. 92 . ? gabais Gabriel . . . co hogh-Muiri | tic sanais da Muiri, gabais 'na craidi, ACL iii 244 . tic D. a beannacht a n-ucht an duine, 321 . ferais fáilti re T. ┐ tic póc dó, Imr. Brain i 64 . gabus Eba int uball bán | tig a cert-leath dá compán, Ériu iv 114 . tiucub duib na tuaruscbail na tarbcodnach `I will give you the description', MR 184 . he dobēra commain dam, is me ficfas commain do I will give him the sacrament, Anecd. ii 30 .

IV In Mid.Ir. occas. = do-ucci understands, etc. (see do-beir): rofitamar-ni ┐ donigemm co ndernsam peccad frit-sa, LB 224a54 . gibe neach da ticfad co foirfi cercalla . . . na firmaminti, da thicfad (do tiugfed, v.l.) nādūir na firmaminti co huili, Ir. Astr. Tr. 76 . dogēn fidair . . . as a ticfither an t-eclipsis co follus, 94 .

ecla

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ecla or dil.ie/19578

n , f. (ecal) fear, dread , used absolutely, or with obj. gen., also ré n- or di of obj. feared: paiss Eutaic cen eclai, Fél. May 30 . Ep. 247. co mmórchléir cen ecli, Nov. 4 . conbad ecla nó uamun doberad fair can a rád CRR § 20 = LL 174a48 . tanic ecla na hingrema sin dochum in abbad, PH 565 . ro chrochsat in colaind sin cen oman cen ecla forru ind, 166 . bamar-ni for a ecla frightened thereat 2967 . eccla ifirn, ACL iii 216 . comad lugaiti ecla...na fer coimithech sin orro, TTebe 721 (= Celt. Rev. viii 8 ). 4745 . dorochair aduath mor ┐ ecla dermair forsna huli anchretmechu, PH 2163 . ní chuirfe áonduine eagla ort none shall make thee afraid Job xi 19 . atá e.¤ orm I fear: dia mbeth ecla na crochi formsa, PH 2383 . a bfuil orm d'egla dhosan all the fear I feel on his account O'Gr. Cat. 453.17 . ná bíodh a n-eagla oraibh fear them not Matthew x 26 . eagla nó omhan an bháis do bheith ort, TSh. 164 . as mor eacla in bailisi fearfulness Abbott- Abbott-Gwynn 214.9 . With oc of subj.: atá eagla agam' chroidhe ré trí neithibh, TSh. 1041 .

Freq. as subj. of gaibid with acc. pers.: rom gab ecla dom onóir I feared for my honor IT i 219 = LU 48a31 . rogab ecla ┐ omun mor iat, PH 2904 . TTebe 1591 . 1899 . ros gab grain ┐ eclai iat, PH 975 . With ré n- of obj.: gabaid ecla Égiás resin popul Aegeas grew afraid of the people PH 2462 . 532 . ar med na heagla rosgab risin trenfhobairt, TTebe 4129 . do ghabh eagla ré gConall é, Keat. ii 3214 . With fri: rosgab gráin ocus ecla frisin tech n-óbéla, MacCongl. 15.5 . With di: is cōir ecla de it is meet to fear him TBC-I¹ 2365 = as cōir eagla do comrag Fir Dh., ZCP x 280.31 . ar e.¤ , d'e.¤ , re (le) he.¤ for fear (of); (with obj. gen.) lest (with vb.): cromfait a cinnu ar m'ecla ┐ ar m'uamain TBC-LL¹ 1345 . co n-ebailt cét lǽch ar gráin ┐ ar ecla ┐ ar úamun Con Culaind, 1608 . PH 62 . TSh. 1151 . ar eagla Ioif da loscad `for fear that Jove might burn them' TTebe 4293 . re heagla Ampioin for fear of A. 4003 . re hecla uilc daibsi, 1357 .do-ghén d'eagla na neamhthuigseanach... míniughadh céille ar an rádh sa I will explain this saying in anticipation of readers who do not understand IGT, Introd. § 96 . d'eagla gomadh domblasda, Ir. Monthly 1921, 27 § 15 . d'eagla go bhfásfadh a uaill lest his pride should increase TSh. 478 .

Transf., of obj. about which fear is felt: ar n-egla...in té robud thescad dhún `our fear is for him who [if cut off] would to us be a mutilation' O'Gr. Cat. 449.6 . Cf. is imdha eccla ar mh'anmain...m'eccla co ria sech demnaib | ...co Dia, ACL iii 216 . In: biat ecla ria Cass, PRIA iii 550 § 30 = LL 147a36 , it may be pl. of ecal, q.v.

2 etel(l)ach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 etel(l)ach or dil.ie/20782
Last Revised: 2019

n ā, f. flying, fluttering; flight: eoin doni eitillach, Irish Texts v 34.21 . táncatár a scoim ┐ a tromma co mbátár ar etelaig ina bél ┐ ina brágit, TBC-I¹ 1944 = ar eittelaig, TBC-LL¹ 2608 . in t-én ar etelaig, LB 234a17 . ticfaid énlaith...ettelaigh (-dh MS.), Expugn. Hib. 52 . mar saithe cuiledh ar eitillaigh, Fier. 162 . do-chonnairc ealta cadhan ar eiteallaigh thairis, TSh. 3085 . confacui aon-oclæch dia indsaighi for each... ┐ araile stéd...ina aici for luamain ┐ eitellaig , bounding D IV 2, 73 [63]ra 10 . (of the soul of Lazarus:) da leigestair tre ettelaich tindisnaich...noco ndeachaid isin colaind cetna, YBL 151a14 . ar ndenamh gresi eitellaige doib (of cranes) BCC § 330 . fer...┐ e ic luamain ┐ ic lain-eitelaigh dá ghuaillib ┐ dá géglamhaib ic tarrachtain tosaig in techid, MR 318.24 . d'eiteallaigh ḟuair an uisge TD 20.36 . Of banners: re fothrum a fann-bratach ic eitealaig, MR 184.8 .

1 ethiar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ethiar or dil.ie/20847

Forms: ethiuir

n (é—?) m. (L. aether) the upper air, or ether: isse sin int ethier huais | cen gaeth, cen aear n-angluais (of the atmosphere extending from the moon to the sun) SR 117 . muir ┐ gæth ┐ grian ┐ eoitheoir ┐ firmaimint, RC xvi 32.3 . int intech dochuaid hi colaind co héther amal dochuaid Pol (i.e. to the third heaven, cf. 2 Cor. xii 2 ?) ACC 135 Comm. (hether LB. heithiar YBL). rosiacht corrici ethíar a arddi, FB 81 (eithiar Eg.). g s. ind ethiuir (gl. aetheris) Lib. Hymn. i 71.32 (in etheoir v.l.). foluamnigis i n-ethíar in the air MacCongl. 107.11 .

fobdaigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fobdaigid or dil.ie/22376

v (denom. from fo-bádi, fobdud) submerges . With metathesis: in fódbugud ḟódbaigther na dā leth ... figuir sin fhodbaigti inna fuile ... a colaind Crist (of the consecrated wafer) LB 251a64 - 66 = in fobdod fombaiter , Thes. ii 254.1 .

fo-cessa

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fo-cessa or dil.ie/22406

Forms: focessai, focressa, : fochesat

v ā (?) carries or drives away, removes (?): ní sinn rot-la ot' soillsib, | fotrochess ot' mórchoimsib, SR 1746 . fochesathar in chuach uaidhib for ind leas (of movement effected by supernatural agency), Ériu i 46 (YBL) = a mbatar and focettoir confacatar an c. uadhaibh, RC xxvi 374 (Bruss.). con-accatár banchuri ... for colaind Fraích ... focessat úadib issa síd, LU 5237 (= facesad, TBC-I¹ 760 ). ? la fuaim na sbrēde focesa na trí choectu curach co mbātar for formnu na fairrge, BDD 54 Y (sic D; focessai E focressa U). fochesath in tarb ... co comarnic fri Findbeannach, TBC-I¹ 3649 ; `sie treiben (?) Wind. TBC-LL¹ p. 898 , reading: fochesat. See Thurneysen, ZCP xxii 29 ff .

1 for

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 for or dil.ie/23272
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: for, far, bar, fuir, AR, FOR, AR, forsa, fora, fara, forsin[d], forsa, forsna, farsin, barsin, barsan, forin[d], forna, fornaib, forsn, forin, forna, formu, form, fort, fort, bard, fora, forar, forar, f., forar, f., form, fórm, formsa, fórmsa, forom, foromm, forumsa, foromsa, forum, ḟorum, orum, orum, orumsa, formm, ormm, fort, ort, fortsu, foir, fair, ḟair, foirsom, foirsem, fairseom, fairsem, foir, for, foir, fair, ḟair, ḟairside, faride, forrae, furri, ḟurthi, uirre, fuiri, furi, fuiri, furri, fuirri, fora, forra, fuirri, fuirre, uirre, fornn, fornd, ornn, fornni, forunni, forni, forund, forond, foirn, foirnn, foirnd, oirn, oirnd, foraindi, foraind, forainde, oraind, orainne, forn, forinn, orainde, foirib, forib, fuirib, furib, fuiribsi, furibsi, foraib, foraibh, foraibse, foirb, foirbsi, oraib, forru, forrusom, forro, forra, orru, forthu, fortho, forta, forib, foraib, forib, foraib, forroib, forru, forthu, foraib, for, ar, fair, air, AR, FOR, orat, orad, airiut, erut, AR, AR, f.

prep. with acc. and dat. See Thurn., Gr., and Fraser, ZCP viii 34 ff . Lenition of the obj. occurs once in the Glosses: for chenn, Ml. 44d29 , possibly a scribal error. Even in the modern period non-lenition is regular in some expressions after AR representing FOR, cf. the alliterations: feall ar filidh IGT, 24 P 8, 190.5 ; nā bí ar filidh go fortuil ib. (= Studies 1924, 245 ).

Forms: for (in Mid. Ir. MSS usually denoted by f surmounted by horizontal stroke) Glosses, pass. and later; occasionally far: Wb. 5b3 . Ml. 82d10 . Sg. 90b1 , 2 . Thes. ii 39.28 , 29 . TBC-LL¹ 3782 . LL 176a7 ( CRR 34 ), LL 268b20 ( MU² 860 ). bar, LL 265a39 ( MU² 452 ). TBC-LL¹ 2820 . 3613 , etc. fuir, Thes. ii 39.22 .

In later MSS. gradually replaced by AR. This appears occasionally in LU, more frequently in LL. In Maund. FOR still appears though AR is commoner.

With rel. part. forsa n-, fora n-: fara n-: forsa taith, Wb. 20b6 . forsa robae, Ml. 82d10 . forsa n-airisedar, Sg. 139b1 . forsmbeth, SR 1364 . forstā, 1839 . forsnaicci, Imr. Brain § 38 . forsmbí, § 43 . forsmbīd, Metr. Dinds. ii 42.2 . fora sernte Wb. 18c8 . fora taibre, 29a23 . fora n-idparar, 5b6 . fora mboí, Tur. 60 . fora ṁbi, Thes. ii 41.27 . forá mbí ib. 17 . fora mbiat, LU 2639 . fora taí, SR 3096 . farsa n-immér TBC-LL¹ 5961 . barsa mbatar, 3738 . fara mbí, Thes. ii 40.32 .

See Strachan, ZCP iv 63 ; 488 - 9 .

With article: forsin[d], forsa (n-), forsna, etc., Wb. 1d2 , 9d5 , 32d2 ; Ml. 22c12 , 46c3 , 48a21 , 84d4 ; Sg. 8a13 , 207a6 ; LU pass. farsin, Trip.² 1948 , barsin, TBC-LL¹ 4553 . barsan 3387 . Without -s-: forin[d], Ml. 60b14 , 94b11 , 120d7 . forna Ml. 51d19 . 69a11 . 138a6 . fornaib, Wb. 5a5 . Ml. 27d22 . See Strachan l.c.

Rarely with elision in sg., as in: forsn uscisin, SR 4632 .

In Mid. Ir. MSS. maintenance of -s- is the rule, though it is occasionally dropped by some scribes, e.g. forin, PH 3594 . forna, LU 2552 (H). CCath. 2574 . Marco P. 64 .

With poss. pron. 1 s. formu naimtea, Ml. 86c10 . for mo namtea, 88a8 . for mu mud, Thes. ii 294 . for mo menmuin ZCP x 338 ( Laud 615, 104 ). for mo thir ┐ for mo thalam YBL 113b47 (= form ... form, LL 270b46 . for mo chuit ..., Rawl. 134a4 ). form ḟuil, SR 1542 . form thigerna, 3188 . form laim ┐ form gail, LL 121a12 . See KZ xlviii 55 . 2 s. fort athair, Trip.² 1759 (= fort ha., Trip. 150 ). fort cheniul, Trip.² 1760 . bard, TBC-LL¹ 3230 . 3 s. and pl. fora. 1 pl. forar ndail, SR 3633 forar morsluag, 3974 . (cf. fer ruc breith for fis ... | for ndís bámar i cumriuch, SR 3286 , where f. is possibly a contraction of forar). 2 pl. f.¤ far naimtib, TTr.² 1775 .

With pron. suff.: 1 s. form, Wb. 8d26 . Ml. 2a6 . 59a18 . 104d2 . SR 1584 . fórm, LU 5669 . formsa, LL 224a28 ( TTr. 513 ). fórmsa, LU 4507 . forom, SR 1404 . foromm, TBC-LL¹ 3752 . forumsa, Ml. 44b29 . 89a2 . TBC-LL¹ 3750 . LL 234a34 ( TTr. 1278 ). foromsa, LL 223by ( TTr. 488 ). forum, Acall. 3357 . ḟorum, LL 234a13 ( TTr. 1261 = orum, BB 426a47 ). orum, Acall. 304c . 6994 . orumsa, 7696 . formm, LB 8a52 . ormm, LB 246b55 ( PH 7807 ).

2 s. fort, Wb. 6a14 . 28d9 . SR 6258 . LU 4789 . 6252 . ort LU 6097 . fortsu, Ml. 113d11 . LU 6593 .

3 s., m. n., acc. foir, Wb. 4d15 . 28b30 . Tur. 85 . 110c0 . Ml. 2a6 . 41a5 . 53a19 . 54c16 . Sg. 209b12 . fair, Wb. 7c4 . LU 6299 . LL 227b30 ( TTr. 777 ). ḟair, LL 220b ( TTr. 262 ). PH. CCath. pass. foirsom, Wb. 8c1 . foirsem, Sg. 209b12 . fairseom, LU 6239 . fairsem, CCath. 1803 .

dat. foir, Wb. 6d6 . 10b9 . Tur. 123 . for (older form, GOI 275 ) LL 49b19 ( Hail Brigit § 4 ). YBL 12a10 (cf. foir Ériu ii 55 § 3 = i 138 where rime with tol is required). fair LU 2051. 7554 . LL 98a34 . 99a40 . Acall. 89 . ḟair, LL 224b5 ( TTr. 533 ). ḟairside, LL 235b13 ( TTr. 375 ). cf. faride TBC-LL¹ 5173 .

cf. acc. forrae, Tur. 79 . furri, Acall. 6437 . furri, LL 224b39 ( TTr. 556 ). ḟurthi, LL 230a41 ( TTr. 968 ). uirre, Acall. 1253 .

dat. fuiri, Wb. 3d34 . Sg. 4b9 . Ml. 95b6 . furi, 45c9 . 118d6 . fuiri sidi, Sg. 199a5 . furri, LU 3918. 4512 . 7993 . LL 218a32 ; 221b19 ( TTr. 90 ; 323 ). LL 66a39 . LB 7a40 . fuirri, LU 4517 , SR 3108 . Marco P. 10 . fora (v.l. forra, fuirri), Imr. Brain § 3 . fuirre, Marco P. 12 . uirre, CCath. 1947 .

1 pl. fornn, Wb. 2a13 . 8d18 . 30b2 . Ml. 46b26 . 119d6 . fornd LU 3254 . 5220 . 6780 . 9244 . ornn, PH 6865 . fornni, Wb. 14b15 . Ml. 77c6 . 88a4 . 90d17 . forunni, 111c13 . forni, LU 1674. 8554 . forund, TBC-LL¹ 2974 . forond, LU 8620 . foirn, TBC-LL¹ 617 . PH 2060 . 7848 . foirnn, 1502 . foirnd, CCath. 648 . oirn, PH 6863 . oirnd, 8063 . CCath. 652 . foraindi, TBC-I¹ 3578 . LB 162a62 . foraind, Acall. 4867. 6165 . forainde, LB 34b56 . 162a53 . oraind, Acall. 2996 . CCath. 1679 . orainne (v.l. forn. forinn) 1659 . orainde, Acall. 5074. 7655 .

2 pl. foirib, Wb. 14c40 . 21d5 . Ml. 46a14 . forib, Wb. 6a17 ( ZCP xvii 223 ), 27c11 . fuirib, 14d17 . 20b2 . furib, Ml. 115b8 . fuiribsi, Wb. 7a4 . furibsi, 18a18 . foraib, Trip.² 1589 . LU 7233. 7755 . LL 239a15 . CCath. 3569 . foraibh, 610 . foraibse, TTr.² 119 . foirb, SR 5534 . Trip.² 1651 . foirbsi, SR 3116 . oraib, Acall. 7539 , YBL 376b42 ( Aithd. D. p. 158 ).

3 pl. acc. forru, Wb. 1d3 . 10c5 . 28c3 . Ml. 53d13 . 73b17 . 127b6 . LU 4784 . 5309 . LL 66b10 . 241b88 ( TTr. 1859 ). CCath. 3738 (Fr.). ḟorru, LL 223d27 ; 242b2 ( TTr. 438 ; 1908 ). forrusom, Wb. 9c10 . forro, LU 5796 (M). 5836 (H). Acall. 5317 . 7117 . CCath. 1237 (S) (in dat. meaning Acall. 2458 . 3501 . 3745 . LL 223b21 ). forra, CCath. 1640 (H). 3754 (Fr.). fortha, CCath. 3599 (Fr.). orra, CCath. 1237 . 1488 . orru, Acall. 3299 . forthu, SR 3942 . fortho, LU 2556 (H). fortha, CCath. 3599 (Fr.). fortu, forta, 1488 (v.l.).

dat. forib, Wb. 4d2 . 29b20 . foraib, Ml. 121a5 .

dat. for acc. forib, Wb. 28c4 . foraib, 4c35 . Ml. 49b6 . 54a4 . 54b30 . 90a25 . 118d19 . forroib, LU .5608 .

Cf. fortus.

In Mid.Ir. MSS forru (forro, forthu, etc.) and foraib are often found without distinction of case. In the Laud-Lismore text of Acall. pretonic for is very rare; it is regularly replaced by ar. But with suff. pron. 3 s. m. n. fair is predominant; there are very few instances of air. In the other pronominal forms those with and without f- seem to share the field equally.

In classical verse the pretonic form is AR, but the pronominal forms are regularly those of FOR without f. an exception is orat, orad (beside ort). Cf. O. Ir. airiut, erut from AR. See 24 P 8 (McKenna, Tracts).

Synopsis of meanings:

I Of local relations:

(a) on, upon , expressing both contact and relative position ( over, above ) also of mere external contact or position.

(b) of approximate position juxtaposition. on, at, by .

(c) in sense upheld, supported by; being worn or carried by .

(d) after verbs of placing, hoisting, over, up .

(e) of things attached to or forming part of the body, etc.

(f) in, amongst; forming a portion of .

(g) with acc. after verb or verbal noun implying motion on, over, to, towards .

II Of quasi-local relations, and in abstract and fig. expressions:

(a) of form, appearance, hue, etc.

(b) of arrangement, state, process; division, classification, naming .

(c) of point of time; coincidence of occurrence .

(d) on (of that by which something is evident, known, recognized, etc.).

(e) with words expressing quality, talent, success, etc. , indicating the possessor of these.

(f) over, of rule, sway, superior might .

(g) upon, in addition to; in succession to, after .

(h) on i.e. affecting, afflicting (of emotions, physical or mental states or conditions).

(i) governing object of blessing, cursing, punishing, etc.

(j) (existing) on, by means of (a food, diet); relying on; depending on .

(k) with abstr. or verbal noun, also with adj. in (a state or condition).

(l) at (an occupation or task).

(m) to express the dativus incommodi, the person adversely affected by the action.

(n) expressing constraint, compulsion: ata f.¤ is incumbent on; owing from (see 1 fíach).

(o) expressing worth, value .

(p) phrases.

(q) after adj.

III In verbal construction.

IV Replacing AR.

I Of local relations: on, upon , expressing both contact and relative position ( over, above ); also of mere external contact or position.

(a) on, over, above: buith f.¤ ochtrach, Ml. 129c2 . a mbís f.¤ altoir ind idil, Wb. 10a6 . ind altóir fora n-idparar, 5b6 . cen chaille f.¤ a ciunn (gl. non uelato capite) Wb. 11c9 . den chamull fora mbói, Tur. 60 . Conall ... forsin Deirg mounted on LL 122a34 . bretha ind óic ... f.¤ fúataib immach were carried out on biers LU 1595 . contuletsom f.¤ a ndergodaib 1829 . suidfid ... f.¤ a chathair, 2319 . luid ... co raba f.¤ a úaitni, 1723 . is fota a chubat f.¤ lár his measurement is long (when he is stretched) on the ground 1605 . fochartatar grith imme co mbátar f.¤ lár in tige, 7560 ( BDD 109 ). See also s.v. lár. Often = in: co mboí f.¤ medon ind lis, LU 1608 . cach óen creitfes ... f.¤ nim ní bá tróg, LU 9495 . cid f.¤ tír cid f.¤ usci cid f.¤ fidchill cotrisam whether it be on land or on water we contend, or over a chessboard 1674 . dia ḟagbáil i fid no i fidbaid, f.¤ tír no usci, LL 220ax ( TTr. 237 = ar muir na ar tir, BB 414a37 ). co forcongrad lais ... | na beth f.¤ crích n Israhél, SR 6216 (cf. atat cinedhaigh ar an fásach sin dianad ainm B., Maund. 49 ). co ra churet cath forsinn [ḟ]aithchi sin co torsed fuil formna fer furri, LL 221b18 ( TTr. 323 ). Cf. coro airet ... lá n-air ar inn [ḟ]aigthisea, LL 221b15 ( TTr. 320 = ... isin f.¤ , BB 415a23 ). atchiu fer ... for sin maig, LU 4564 . cid fó cid for ... beme whether we be above or beneath YBL 12a10 . in fú talam no f.¤ talam?, Trip.² 1118 . iarna bádhadh forsan abhainn `after she had been drowned in the river' Cóir Anm. 255 . ind uisci f.¤ ind nim anúas (gl. super caelum) Ml. 120d7 . domarfás and ... mothur ... ḟairside anúas, LL 235b14 ( TTr. 1375 ). cíid f.¤ in mac weeps over the child ZCP viii 311.14 . ro chí f.¤ a muime, Trip.² 115 . No chanta ór fírindi fair used to be chanted over him BDD 11 . banchuiri f.¤ colaind Fraích, LU 5236 . a fuini f.¤ grís to bake it on the embers SR 3903 . a scéith f.¤ a cennaib dia sáerad, LU 5888 . f.¤ bith, f.¤ domun, f.¤ talmain, freq. in sense above ground, anywhere on earth, in existence: in dia as dech f.¤ bith buan, SR 3973 . in t-én as luaithiu luamain f.¤ bith, LU 2477 (cf. ní boí isin bith ..., 3377 ). cenco beind acht óenlá f.¤ domun alive 5060 . ni raibi forsin domun ingen bid chaime ..., YBL 189b3 ( RC xxiv 198 ). (cf. ni fuil ní ar doman ina esbaid acht fín, Maund. 159 . ni fuighbither ... ar bith ná ar doman, CCath. 262 ). cech mil beo baí f.¤ talmain, SR 1930 . See also s.v. fot, 2 fúait, 2 ed.

Of wounds, bruises, etc. cned f.¤ corp, Laws ii 156.20 . facbait .l. cned fairseom, LU 4967 . co lín crechta f.¤ a chnis 4547 .

(b) Of approximate position, juxtaposition, on, at, by: ... file cuimrecha formsa, Wb. 23a5 . ata árchú lemsa ..., tri slabrada fair, LU 5001 . buithe f.¤ dese Dé on God's right hand Ml. 128a3 . ani f.¤ laim deis `that on the right hand' [side] Thes. ii 255.8 . Fergus ... f.¤ láim Ailello isin phupull ... M. f.¤ a láim aili do Alill, LU 4619 . Cf. O. ar a láim clí, ┐ M. f.¤ a láimsein, ┐ E. ara láimhsein, Acall. 2256 . (but: bachla f.¤ láim, SR 3915 corresponds to tenentes baculos in manibus Exodus xii 11 . See lám). dún ..., dorus umaide fair, LU 1793 . batar ... da dorus forsin uaim, PH 6316 . dorus ... as nesu ille is fair ro sudiged M., LU 2084 . ra sudigit ... secht ṅdorais furri, LL 227a ( TTr. 737 ). conéracht Glaiss C. fríu ... féotár fuirri (.i. f.¤ a bru), LU 5363 . cath f.¤ brú Derguist, 224 . f.¤ brú puirt G., LL 219b marg. inf. ( TTr. 142 ). f.¤ a mbeulu (gl. prone cadentium) Ml. 131b6 . form dreich sea facing me LU 3892 (see 1 drech). dofessid f.¤ gualaind C. seated himself beside C. 8076 (but in 5293 , 5294 , 5295 the literal meaning `on the shoulder' is probably intended). See 1 gúala. sléchtaid ... f.¤ díb traigthib ind noeb, Ériu ii 204.9 . Cf. is ar bordaibh cuirid iat they put them (sitting) at tables Maund. 39 . fon domun f.¤ cech leth (gl. longe lateque) Ml. 53b9 . tho ḟolt scailti ... f.¤ cach n-óenleth, SR 1602 . biait ar mná ... f.¤ bróntib at the querns (i.e. grinding corn, cf. II l) LU 5610 . nírb áelid dóib ar buí in slúag forro for cech leth, LU 1441 .

Cf. the fig. expressions: f.¤ belib (gl. in caritate non ficta) Wb. 15a37 . f.¤ bréthir (oppd. to in corde) 15d5 . indí forsa n-airisedar in gním (gl. in quem fit actus) Sg. 139b1 . is mithig forchenn fair, Ml. 118b6 .

Of pregnancy: in tan robtar lán a n-noí mís f.¤ Cormac when she had carried C. for nine months ZCP viii 310.31 . Cf. ba torrach f.¤ C. ib. 29 . See torrach. Possibly this use belongs rather to II.

(c) Freq. in sense upheld, supported by, also being worn (esp. of weapons, ornaments; IMM is regularly used of clothes) or carried by: Crist co crunn a cruche foir fesin (i.e. carrying it) Tur. 123 . acht robed arma Dae foirib, Wb. 22d15 . gaibid armma Dae foirib, 22d11 . día mbeth gaisced foraib if they carried arms LU 7296 ( BDD 94 ). fotalsceith foraib, LU 4491 . sciath f.¤ a chliu, LL 241b34 ( TTr. 1856 ). scíath ... f.¤ a muin, LU 10664 . claideb f.¤ a ṡliastaib, 9269 . claideb ...f.¤ a chris, 6561 . dulend f.¤ a bruinnib, 9267 . ticfat da dam ... ┐ tabraidsi in carpat foraib (= harness them to it) 3124 . ro inled a carpatt forna echu, Trip.² 2852 . ro loisc ... in cherdcha forro `set fire to the forge in which they were' (cf. II (m)) RC xxiv 194 ( YBL 188b ). f.¤ óenchoiss (standing) on one leg LU 6983 . atchiat insi ... f.¤ óenchois on a single pillar LU 1936 (cf. II j, 2).

(d) after vb. of placing, hoisting, over, up: focress a phupall f.¤ Ailill, LU 4618 . Claitir in fert fair, ZCP viii 560.33 . tuargabsat T. idnaid catha forru, LL 225a37 ( TTr. 552 ). toccbaid for mergedha foraibh, CCath. 610 . ro toccbait a fainbreiti siuil forta, 2870 . ra tocbait a eoin gaithi ... ḟurri `its vanes were uplifted' (of a ship) TTr. 140 ( LL 219a8 ). (fig.) tuárgabad fornn aire fochide, Wb. 14b22 .

Cf. la turcbail a mátan fair, LU 6560 , where the prep. evidently refers to the performer of the action. Similarly: tócbaid in derba fair ┐ dobeir bulli in [sic] cend na mná 4357 .

(e) Of things attached to, or forming part of a body, etc., as, parts of weapons; hair, limbs; leaves of trees, etc.: manais f.¤ crúnd midsing, LU 4491 . folt buidi furri 4512 . mong ... fair, 10795 . in folt ... ro asair furri 4231 . tri cruindberrtha foraib, 7139 . ni lugu bís finn fo a dernaind oldās fuirri anúas (of a hare), Bodl. Corm. s.v. pattu. a chend féin f.¤ ind ir út, LU 460 . cēt muinēl furri ┐ cét cend f.¤ cach muineol, 2430 . cét bass ... cét n-ingen f.¤ cach oenbaiss, 888 . .l. torc ... co cruib eich foraib = having the hooves of a horse Ériu xii 176.9 ( TE III 9 ). rethi co n-olaind ordai fair, LL 218a36 ( TTr. 93 ). lia nat luibi f.¤ maigaib, SR 935 . nach crann fors mbeth duilirath, 1364 . ásfaid ind oland forsnaib cairib, LL 291b26 ( RC xiii 462 . Cf. olann ... mar bis ar caerchaib ..., Maund. 181 ). di lus bís forsnaib caircib, Tur. 115 . lir ... fér f.¤ faichthi, LU 7233 ( BDD 89 ). lir ... dulli f.¤ fidbaid, LL 120b33 . Cf. dorigni cúach cera da gnúis ┐ da agid fair, LU 6453 . brisfed mo chend formsa, 5275 . co mmebaid a chend fair, 5300 where the prep. apparently imparts precision or emphasis, but cf. II (m). co tarla a di bond bána fair (= he became a corpse) LU 1497 ( MU² 987 ). a mbuind banai forra iarna trascrad RC xii 90 (see 1 bonn). Cf. techtaid delba ... fair, LU 2701 , cited II (a) below.

(f) In, amongst; forming a part of, mixed with: Colman diata Clann Colmáin f.¤ Feraib Li (i.e. belonging to F.L.) ZCP viii 293.31 (= a quo Cl.C. hi F.L., Rawl. 140a18 ). Mail D. a quo sil M.D. f.¤ Huib Echdach, Rawl. 140a21 = ZCP viii 294.4 . bátar Cristaidi forna cathaib sin diblínaib in both those battalions Marco P. 64 .

(g) With acc. After verb or vn. implying motion on, to, towards: intí do thuit foir, Wb. 4d15 . for a mbeulu (gl. prone cadentium) Ml. 131b6 . dosfuit f.¤ lar, SR 1719 . techt f.¤ nem, Wb. 15c22 . lotair f.¤ muir, LU 1697 . amal no théigtis suas forin drochet, 1794 . dofutitis écne ... anúas f.¤ talmain, 1916 . berthair uaimse f.¤ altóir A., 1932 . ro díbairgsi certli forsin luiṅg, LL 221b46 ( TTr. 344 ). ní cían ro saig mu suil forsa muir not far doth mine eye reach over the sea Trip.² 1312 (114) . na taít f.¤ culu, Wb. 25c14 . in grían do thecht ... f.¤ culu, Ml. 61a13 (see cúl). cingid ... di cach biur f.¤ araili, LU 5733 . téit ara chend forsin taulaig, 5759 . saidsíus f.¤ medón na glassi, 4797 . timachtatár taris ... la crand f.¤ scíathu by (beating) shafts against shields 5828 . do theged fian ... do seilg fairsium, 6138 . benaim beimend ... f.¤ slóg, 6171 . Cf. nicon tetarraid béim ... fair, 5977 . ní lamar fuligud forrosom, 4960 . Also fig.: léim ... dind tinchosc ... f.¤ aisndiis di thuiste dúile, Wb. 5c16 . ni tāinig cride neich fair no one had pity on him RC xxiv 48 (see do-icc).

In late MSS. the dat. pl. is common here: guro tuitseat f.¤ fanglenntaibh na tiri, CCath. 866 .

Across, by way of: nachab ticfed for rí ... do imthecht foirib a doirsea, Ml. 46a14 . f.¤ sligi M. dochoidsi, LU 5788 . issed dollotar ... .i. f.¤ Muicc C. ... f.¤ Crond, hi Cualngi across Muicc C. ... across Crond, into Cualnge 4593 - 4608 . tiat A. ... f.¤ Midlúachrae. ragmaine ┐ F. f.¤ Bernas nU., 5396 . comergit ... ara ammus, araill dib f.¤ less, araill f.¤ doras liss 5017 . fócoislé f.¤ forlés in tige, 10910 (cf. con-acca in n-én forsin forléss a ddochum, BDD 7 ). co tánic a inchind f.¤ a chlúasa, LU 5286 . co ndeochaid f.¤ a béolo sair, 6026 . docoised ferchend fora beolu, 5919 . maidid a loim fola f.¤ a beolu LL 273az .

See also under the verbs of motion referred to in III below, and such words as leth, 1 lorg, 1 selg, slicht, etc.

In follg. ex. the meaning is not clear: ro túaslaicthe f.¤ aicned na ndūl dia ndernta, LU 2518 (`according to the nature' Stokes, RC xxv 237 ). Cf. ro tuaislaiced fo aicned na ndula `was resolved into the original nature of the elements' PH 6980 .

II Of quasi-local relations, and in abstract and fig. expressions:

(a) of form, appearance, hue, flavour: delb a bais som form, Wb. 24a8 . delb anmandae foraib, Ml. 130a3 . ecosc n-abstal forib, Wb. 24a25 . condarbastar gné fírinne fuiri Ml. 95b6 (cf. delb domárfas fair, LU 4576 ). atá comarde fuirib, Wb. 21a5 . (Cf. the lit.: bíth comardae f.¤ a mbudin LU 5540 ). techtaid delba ┐ gnei écsamla fair, LU 2701 , cf. I (e), end. is follus ... gné mbróin fairseom, 2279 . datha na flesc ... hed nobid forsna huanaib, SR 2964 . na treoit ┐ dath óir f.¤ a n-alaind, LL 218a45 ( TTr. 99 ). sruth ... co rath somailse foir, Ml. 89d3 . bieid rath somailse f.¤ a belru 89c15 . secip blas bá mellach ... fogebed fair, LU 1788 . tintud Septin ... is he fil forna psalmaib (= the psalms are translated from the Septuagint version) Hib. Min. 10.334 .

(b) of arrangement, state, process; division, classification; naming: inna imthanad .i. fele [ = file] forsnaib ráthib, Ml. 93c7 . ataat .uii. ngne forsin chombug `the confraction is of seven kinds' Thes. ii 254.7 . oengles foraib huile, SR 92 . ataat deora erndaili forsin canoin, Hib. Min. 3.63 . atat cetri gnuse forsin canoin ib. 78 . cis lir rann fil f.¤ crū? Ériu i 214.12 . atat tri altai leusom f.¤ ind gabail (of singing the Canticles), Mon. Tall. § 33 (= atad dá mhodh ara n-abairthear íad, Rule of Tallaght 102 ). cia ord bias forru, LU 2575 . is diall femin file fair it is of the feminine declension Sg. 93b2 . doralsat óenclár catha foraib dia tobairt, LU 1478 ( MU² 955 ; `formed themselves into a solid phalanx' SGS v 30 ). daringsetar comraind slúaig forru, LL 224b30 ( TTr. 550 ). ni rabi cumsanad forsin chathugud sin ... the fighting did not cease LL 242a3 ( TTr. 1873 ). conach bui nach tairisimh f.¤ a n-urcoraib occo, CCath. 5660 . ro tṡeindestar C. a timpan ┐ tuc nuallorgan sidhe fuirri, Acall. 4620 . ro dercsat na moli ... for fogluasacht, ┐ ni facadar seoladh no iomramh fortó they saw the ... masses in movement yet they did not see them being sailed or rowed CCath. 2655 . Of names: nipa far n-ainmsi bias forib, Wb. 4d2 . da n-ainm fuirri, ZCP viii 106 § 5 . roboí ... oc iarraid a anma do bith forsin cnuc, LU 3150 . combad de sin nobeth Almu furri 3145 . Mane f.¤ cach fir díb ┐ forainm f.¤ cach Mani, 6847 . a ainm do bith forsin luing ┐ f.¤ a fairind, LL 219a30 ( TTr. 158 ). atá Dún tri liacc d'ainm fair, Acall. 1178 . See also s.v. for-tá.

(c) Of point of time; coincidence of occurrence: fēli ... do curither for dardain no mairt, Rule of Céli D. 9 ( LB 9b ). do toscelad aiss aesci far caisc `to ascertain the moon's age on Easter' Thes. ii 39.24 ; 27 . cid lae sechtmaine fora mbí Kl. Ian., Thes. ii 41.17 . calainn Enair for dardaín, ZCP viii 111.6 . Ann. Conn. 1226 , etc. Kl. enair for Domnuch ┐ xuiii furri New Year's day on a Sunday and the 18th of the moon on it [lit. her, calann, f.] Ann. Inisf. 43c (1206) = ALC i 234 . in la forsmbi bisex, Fél. 78.11 . ind naob asa feil bís for ind láo, Mon. Tall. § 8 (= sa feil do biodh ar an la sin, Rule of Tallaght 42 ). for cach ló every day CCath. 358 .

(d) on (of that by which something is evident, known, recognized, etc.): rēil f.¤ a mbrēthir ōn a n-andach imme ro[r]daisset `is clear from their word' Ml. 90d16 . is reil fornn ... condrancamar fria morolcc, SR 1347 . follus f.¤ th'erlabra fén do pheccad, PH 5169 . ni ro airigsium fort ... .i. f.¤ do gnímrad ... ailcius dula dochúm nime ocut, 8213 . is follus f.¤ suidhichthibh na Roma conad docra ... congbail in cadusa ina fogbail in ratha, CCath. 803 . Cf. ba follus a n-anádh [sic leg.] fein f.¤ na Romanchaib the ill-luck of the Romans was manifest 810 (cf. e). Cf. ba mor in galur di, dael oca diul ... ni fitir nech sin furri, Fél. 44.1 (possibly = she showed no sign of it, though also it might = no one knew she was so afflicted). Cf. also: ni fitir nech dib f.¤ araile a n-imchossait do B., LU 8251 . Cf. (m) last cit., and see 1 ráthaigid.

(e) With words expressing quality, talent, success, etc. indicating the possessor of these: is foraib bíaid búaid in tslóig, LU 4631 (`it is to their credit the victory of the hosts will be' Faraday, Cattleraid of C.). ní fair bías a nós nách a allud nach a irdarcus acht is fortso, LU 6376 (cf. is oraibsi bias a nós ┐ a allud ┐ a urdarcus, Acall. 3575 Fr; R). itát tri búada formsa .i. búaid roisc, etc. I have three talents, i.e. the talent of sight, etc. LU 4791 . rath fortsu ... ina lōg sin, 3114 . bátár teóra búada aradnachta forin n-araid in lá sin, 6407 (cf. buaid lamaig ort!, Acall. 4809 ). ba ferr leo a mudhughudh innas a somain f.¤ a naimdib `they preferred to destroy them than to benefit their enemies there with' CCath. 2484 . Cf. ni fil do chonāch formsa in fer sin im fiednaisi, 3576 (testem hunc fortuna negavit Luc. Phars. vi 159 ).

(f) over (of rule, sway; superior might): a cumacte f.¤ a mogaib, Wb. 27c16 . mu chumachtae forna doini, Ml. 56b2 . bit flathi f.¤ cāch, 85b2 . a cumachta f.¤ dúlib, LL 218b6 ( TTr. 106 ). doratsat rīgi ... | do Dauid ... | f.¤ túathaib, SR 6620 . i n-aimsir Cinaeda ... f.¤ Albain, 2350 . Temair ... cen rechtgi ríg furri, LU 3440 . mairg forsa mbía do thigernu demon, 2225 . ro gab tra nert Saxan f.¤ Bretnu ... ┐ rogab O. rige forru, 277 . bui rí amra f.¤ Érinn, BDD 1 . bai rí f.¤ Ultaib, YBL 114b6 . co raghbhaitis oénrig forru, TTr.² 1339 . (cf. rí ar gach tír, Maund. 243 . Eogan mac M. ... ar tsil nA., 6 . Magidoin ... is uirri sin da bí Alaxander na ríg 21 ). tussu ... do giallud forni, LU 1674 . ropada[t] trēn f.¤ ōcaib, 6720 . ni fríth fornert nacha fini foraib cosindiu `never until to-day did any tribe oppress you' TTr. 1645 ( LL 239a13 ).

(g) upon, in addition to (see do-formaig): fair anuas in addition to it Cáin Ad. 25 . cach ae f.¤ alaill (gl. cumularentur) Ml. 96b4 . cumal f.¤ a secht eight cumals Laws iv 330.8 ( Críth G. 464 ). óen f.¤ trí secht twenty-two Metr. Dinds. iii 98 . sé scripuil f.¤ unga an ounce and six scruples Cáin Ad. 44 . mis f.¤ bliadain a year and a month ACL iii 3.9 . ro marbhadh fer f.¤ a deich diobh, BNnÉ 107 § 25 . fer f.¤ leth Connacht `more than half the C.' Cóir Anm. 251 (cf. treab ar leth Alpan, IT ii2 123.32 . duine ar leith fer nErenn, SG 20.36 ). tercda arro tuilled da forsin focul cert where `da' has been added to the right word LU 462 ( ACC 2 Comm. ). dobeir Dia traig cacha bliadna f.¤ a lethet adds a foot to its width LU 1843 . ind forcraid fil f.¤ aicniud what exceeds nature 2559 . a nduesta día aīs som co ndigsed f.¤ áes a maicc, Trip.² 1268 . Cf. da beind f.¤ tri fichtib rend, LU 1271 (`Two antlers with three score points' Imr. Brain ii 297 ).

forib nó sech na huili predicta (gl. super omnia autem haec) Colloss. iii 14 ) Wb. 27b20 .

From this use arises the sense in succession to, after , the development is plain in the earlier exx. quoted below: du fuairthed ní leu f.¤ a sāith din main = some of the manna used to remain over when they had had their fill Ml. 97d10 . a canar ... for sen `what is chanted ... thereafter' Thes. ii 253.14 (Stowe Miss.). loim f.¤ sāith, LU 3610 ( SCC 30 ). cleirech ... lasmbí ní f.¤ a leortu who has more than suffices him Ériu vii 156 § 10 . doformagar a dligid ... forsanní doruirmisem over and above what we have enumerated Ériu i 220 § 15 . in biat forsa canar immon Muiri `the Beati after which the Hymn to Mary is sung' Mon. Tall. § 30 (corresp. to: don bhiaid le n-abradh I.M., Rule of Tallaght 90 ). ind bi[a]t forsa ndene ind crosfigild `the Beati after which he performs the cross-vigil' ib. (corresp. to: le ndeunamh an chr., Rule of Tallaght 90 ). canair magnificat furri ib. (= Cantar M. uirre, Rule of Tallaght 90 ). cétbliada[i]n f.¤ bisex ... bliada[i]n tanaiste f.¤ bisex the first year following leap-year ... the second year ... RC xviii 296 - 300 . cf. it bliadni fuir bissext, Thes. ii 39.22 (cf. Ann. Inisf. 1101 ). ind ráithe dothét foir .i. samrad ZCP viii 175z . forsind ochtmugait bliadnae són `over the eighty years' (gl. supra uotum uiuendi) Ml. 111b22 .

In the follg. exx. we have a slightly different development of meaning; in addition to, along with: oc ool usci ... do dig forsna glasluibib, SR 1894 = ... fér in talman do chaithem ... ┐ usce do dhig fair, LB 113a26 (cf. superbibere). Cf. further: o duillib in crainn sin d'ól ar uisque , Maund. 160 .

(h)

(1) on, i.e., affecting, afflicting (of emotions, physical or mental states or conditions, joy, sorrow, fear, anxiety, sickness, pain, hunger, etc.; see also under words expressive of these): comadas lobre et immomon forsin mug, Wb. 8b1 . ni bi nach dethiden foir, 10b9 . ata dethiden fuiri cene, 3d34 . sním fora menmain, Ml. 89b7 . is e for snimsa fil formsa `it is care for you that I feel' CCath. 5148 . dond imniud roboí forsin popul, Ml. 103b9 . ni baí imneth foraib, LU 5832 . nicon robae ni form acht failte, Ml. 104d2 . biith galar ... fortsu, Wb. 29a26 (cf. mina roibh cosachtach air, Rosa Angl. 288.10 ). cia rodbatar tirbithi aili fornn, Wb. 14d13 . boí toirrsi f.¤ a muime, Trip.² 156 (cf. ni do thabirt toirse fuiribsi anísiu, Wb. 14a14 ). atā ēcen mōr fornd, LU 1562 . in machdad ... roboí forsnaib doirsib, Ml. 46a19 . in cóe ... boí f.¤ sluagaib I., SR 5806 . intí forsa mbeith ítu mór, Mon. Tall. § 48 (= damadh mor an ita do bhiadh ar neach, Rule of Tallaght § 98 ). bo geis don filidh anfis do beith fair, ACL iii 4.20 . Cf. i n-ítaid, i ngalur, etc. LU 2350 - 51 . cen ainbthini foraib (gl. fluctus ... in stationes suas rediunt) Ml. 121a5 .

With adjectives: arnap trom fuirib for n-oínur Wb. 14d17 . trummu foraib som imram ... quam techt ..., Ml. 126a4 . ní réid fort you do not find it easy LU 4789 (cf. ro étrummaigset doíri forna cenela, Ml. 113c8 ). ni ba mór forumsa sain, LL 234a34 ( TTr. 1278 = BB 426b42 ). ni mó formsa ... cid fiala a flaithe, ACL iii 296.38 . See also s.v. bec (beg). Some exx. with 1 esbaid, esbud may be mentioned here although in O.Ir. it takes 1 ar of person deprived : na raib form esbaid, SR 1584 . cen essbaid nacha maithiusa foraib, LU 2042 ( FA 12 ).

(2) of purpose, attention: scríbend menmman .i. robboí f.¤ a inndṡliucht som `it had been in his mind' Sg. 178b4 . in sét atá form aire on which I am intent Ériu vi 115 . Cf. nicon fil f.¤ menmain damsa sin, Ériu viii 156.22 .

(i) governing object of blessing, cursing, punishing, etc.: mallacht ... for a n-apaid, LU 2436 . mallacht fort beolu, LL 272b2 . dígal ... forru, Wb. 1d3 . conicc dígail forib, 6a17 . ni dechudsa cucuib ... do aidbiur foirib, Wb. 14c40 . bendacht Dé f.¤ Díchuin, Trip.² 387 . bendecht f.¤ Firu Cúle, 2157 . bennacht dé ┐ ande fort, LU 6852 . bai a mbennacht f.¤ Iosiaph, SR 3552 . ní ó gothaib ... dogénat ... in molad sa f.¤ Dia, LU 2676 .

(j)

(1) existing on, by means of (a food, diet): ros altatar f.¤ carnaib mac ṁbec reared her on Rawl. 132a5 ( Expuls. 8 ). adbert nad ebalta lee hē f.¤ lacht, BB 497a17 (= Dinds. 142 ). teora bliadnai f.¤ usciu ┐ bargin, Ériu vii 140.5 . secht mís ... f.¤ usce ┐ bargin, RC xv 489z ( ar usci ┐ b., 491.1 ). rosáeth linni do bithsiu f.¤ uisciu, LU 6051 . Cf. xl dies f.¤ doborfiit forty days on water-diet Thes. ii 38.29 (see PIT, and Thes., p. 67 ). roboi si f.¤ suidiu co cend mbliadna she was on that ration for a year Mon. Tall. § 60 . dā cēd bliadhain doib f.¤ iascc, f.¤ enlaith, Leb. Gab.(i) i 30 . conid furri [ = forsin chloich] buí sásad dó etir biadh ┐ digh (of a stone placed in his cheek), Cáin Ad. 12 . Cf. coro rosind mo ṡáith f.¤ t'acaldaimsiu, Mon. Tall. § 25 (= mo shaith cainnte d'fhaghail riotsa, Rule of Tallaght § 81 ).

(2) a similar use is relying on, depending on; sometimes = content with (some of the citations however seem to approach the meaning under k): do berar mac an righ ... f.¤ aoncois ┐ aonlaim ┐ aonshuil (i.e. having the use of these only, cf. the corresp. passage: Rex ... habebat filium qui erat c[a]ecus, claudus et surdus V. SS. Hib. ii 146 ) BNnÉ 185.14 . Cf. .ccc. fear f.¤ aencossaib ┐ f.¤ aenlamaib ┐ aensuilib, BB 372a45 ( Dinds. 41 ). See also I (c), end. cethri coicid E. form laim ┐ form gail ┐ form gaisced do aurscartad di Maig M. `on my hand and my valour and my weapons it rests to sweep the four-fifths of E. from M. M.' RC iii 179 ( LL 121a12 ). Ni horum ata, acht forma tuismidhtoraib (= it is not for me to decide), Stair Erc. 932 . mád día loga bemitni f.¤ a breith mani loga ... ni bemni forsind recht sin if he forgives we will abide by his judgment ... if he does not forgive we will not abide by that law LU 9753 . foemuis ... oirisium f.¤ dliged a sen, Marco P. 25 . on tsaeibhdliged fora taithe, 24 . bid inund comairle f.¤ a mbiat, LU 2639 . ni bar óenscéol atát na druid the druids do not agree LL 265a39 ( MU² 452 ), a airm f.¤ congbail ina laim grasped in his hand CCath. 3546 . conimragba f.¤ greis. ┐ dītin ... dom imdegail ar demnaib, YBL 327a16 ( Ir. Lit. 34 ), see 1 greis(s). See also commairge, fáes(s)am, etc. Here probably: bid maith a ana f.¤ cethru his wealth in cattle ZCP x 225 § 2 . dogegaind | anad sunn f.¤ bicc ḟeraind, Trip.², 1273 (= content with ?). Cf. also Corm. Y 211 cited supra, col. 192.3. appraind ná bása f.¤ mo nirt would I had been in my strength ! LU 6370 . Cf. in tan roboí Mac C. f.¤ a áltaib isind ármaig when Mac C. lay wounded on the field LU 7964 ( BDD 162 ). Cf. far diall tanaisiu of the second declension. Sg. 106b20 . is fuire side daroine O. in Félire in this (metre) O. composed the F. Fél. 4 .

The uses illustrated, respectively, in the two sections following are not always easy to distinguish. The principal difference is that (k) usually expresses passivity rather than activity. Some of the exx. there might possibly be assigned to (j), while in (l) action, purpose is implied. For later exx. see 1 AR, where the absence of lenition in these uses betrays the original prep.

(k) With abstr. or vn. , also with adj. in (a state, condition) : amal mbīs rothmol ... f.¤ bithimpud, SR 200 . f.¤ tuili doib they were in flood 2523 . sruth ... f.¤ teibirsin, Marco P. 5 . sornd tentide f.¤ lassad blazing LU 2101 . ina lócharnaib f.¤ lassad, 2055 (but : secht míle ... oc lassad 2057 ). aithinni f.¤ derglassad, CCath. 903 . co togrennitis ... inna heonu f.¤ luamain, LU 5159 . co mbui f.¤ foluamain imma chend, LL 225aw ( TTr. 600 ). batar na Desi f.¤ fainnel as cach inud na chéli, LU 4433 . f.¤ fainiul a lluc i lluc, 249 . foendul ┐ sechrán, PH 1909 . co rabatar lestra ... in tige f.¤ snám, Trip.² 114 . co rabhadur na botha ... f.¤ snam `floating' CCath. 2347 . o ro linad ind arc ... robaí in digal f.¤ imluad SR 2510 . a mbatár ... f.¤ imluad forsna tonnaib, LU 1864 . Rí ... ro horddaig in nUan iarsin tsleib f.¤ a imluad, SR 594 ( Rev. xiv 1 ). Cf. na bi f.¤ snim th'aislinge, SR 3282 (= na tab- hi snim, LB 115b46 ; nacatabrad imsnim, BB 238a24 ). f. Cf. f.¤ othrus, f.¤ folach, BCrólige 26 ff . f.¤ longais in exile Ml. 93d3 . cia bemni f.¤ longais, LU 4861 (= f.¤ loinges riam TBC-I¹ 371 ). cach oen fil f.¤ loinges ┐ teched, PH 460 . Cf. ba hé a lín f.¤ a longais, SR 6276 . boí f.¤ merogod, LU 1642 . rabaí f.¤ merfaill ┐ merugud ic iarraid a aite, LL 220a41 ( TTr. 233 ). bith deitsiu f.¤ merogod tige oiged, LU 6757 ( BDD 27 ). f.¤ aig thaig, SR 3477 . forsin reim sin, LL 232b ( TTr. 1239 ). f.¤ comrorcain in error PH 6602 . f.¤ fírinne in the right 2671 . is fír forstā Lucifur, SR 1839 (j ?). anmanda ... bis f.¤ cennsacht ┐ pettacht `tamed and petted' CCath. 2453 . conacca dá ech f.¤ sgur unharnessed ZCP viii 106.23 . roboí F. f.¤ altram la hAni, LL 165az (= Dinds. 142 ). boí leis f.¤ cui LU 10941 (see cáe, fecht). dind riuth forsa taith, Wb. 20b6 .

connfaca na tri leogain ... f.¤ dasacht ina ndocum, Stair Erc. 389 . sccuiridh don dasacht fora taithi the madness which possesses you BNnÉ 7 § 23 .

Cf. dā fercoin ... fur an dath cētna of the same color ZCP vi 29.18 (rosg ar dath gloine guirme, GF. DDána 234 . ar chruth ┐ ar dheilbh Dé, TSh. 1329 ). With adj. f.¤ cloen inclined Thes. ii 254.19 . ni bia lamnad f.¤ cōir normal delivery ZCP viii 111.25 .

After verb of motion : docoid O. ... dochum Poil f.¤ longis `had gone to Paul into exile' Wb. 31d19 . di[a] luid D. f.¤ longais, Ml. 55c1 . tiagat f.¤ teiched, 54b12 . ar foít f.¤ techtairechta, Wb. 15a15 . téit f.¤ teched, LU 4917 ( tíagait ar teched, 4965 , both in hand of M). tigc ceo ann ... ┐ do luid an ri f.¤ merugud, BColm. 70.28 . ria ndula doib f.¤ a fecht, SR 3505 (see fecht). In : téit ina ndíaid ... f.¤ echlascad, LU 6786 ( BDD 32 ) the meaning is almost `by dint of' (cf. j). Cf. tainic ina dhochum ... f.¤ a tuitmennaigh `came ... stumbling' CCath. 2199 . ni far maid rosnuicc `it has not brought them to good' Wb. 5b3 . ní thaudchaid a brú f.¤ cóir LU 6078 . ní téighedh béim ... f.¤ dimaín `no blow was delivered in vain' CCath. 2012 .

See 1 téit, do-tét.

(l) At, engaged in (an occupation or task) : cach la sel dún f.¤ imrádud Dé, in sel aile f.¤ precept, Wb. 15d9 . f.¤ foigdi 25b11 . basa f.¤ a imcabail I was avoiding him LU 1244 . ma beith nech f.¤ a iarair if any one be inquiring about it Rawl. 70a44 . cia f.¤ a tai iarair ? whom art thou seeking ? SR 3096 ( co ndechos f.¤ iarair Etaine, LU 10644 ). frisin coais f.¤a robae som, Ml. 64a12 . ... inna ndrochgnímae f.¤sa robae, Tur. 60 . buid f.¤ tectairecht hó Isu, Wb. 13b5 .

This construction is widely extended : mí dhóibh forsin fleighsin they spent a month at that feast Marco P. 88 . go rabhattar f.¤ a bproind at their meal BNnÉ 9.10 (cf. similar use of Engl. `over'). airet batar ... f.¤ a trealmaibh diubraicti `so long as the hosts were discharging their missiles' CCath. 5662 . a mbatar ... f.¤ a mbriathraib `as they were speaking' Ériu xii 182 § 14 (= LU 10895 ). ro uhatar tra for [sna] himdigluib sin cēn romarsat `they kept up these mutual retaliations' ACL iii 2.15 .

(m) To express the dativus incommodi, the person adversely affected by the action, = in despite of, to the detriment of. (Cf. the apparently similar use of AR in : ducer airi airitech ind ríg `he let fall the king's drinking cup' Lism. L. p. 324 = Irish Texts i 10 § 32 ). cf. atbath airund, LU 593 ( ACC 14 ): fó'n missi ro briss recht ... | foirb ? or was it I that broke the law to your hurt ? SR 5533 . arna bristé fír fer f.¤ Coin C., LU 6259 . conbocht fír fer fairseom, 6239 . gabais B. ... in n-insi sea forsna cenela robátar inti, LU 1343 . atraigsetar ... L. do gabail in tiri sin forro di cach leith, LU 4390 (see gaibid). dobersa ferand duib ... la Osraige ... ┐ is cet duibsiu a forsingud foraib, 4439 . iar togail Duin S. furri, 5823 . congair ... immá tech dia gabáil f.¤ Ulto, 1506 ( MU² 1003 ). Tancatar a námait ... do gabáil tige fair, RC xiii 86 ( LL 304a17 ). luidh A. ... do irghabhail a chathrach fair, Marco P. 7 . do choll etha na hindsi sea fair to injure him by blighting the corn Dinds. 18 ( BB 360a15 ). tarraidh Hectoir baegul f.¤ Achíl, LL 244a16 ( TTr. 2029 ; see báegul). co tairsedh cach dib a mídúthracht ... f.¤ araili, CCath. 255 (see tárrachtain).

In some instances it is difficult to distinguish this use from the local meaning (I c), e.g. ro línad fair in sliab di énlaithib = graues aues fuerunt erga illum Trip.² 1300 .

Cf. also: ní tae dám i tech fort, BDD 16 . is aurgart ... corr colpdai do brisiud fair hi tig, Ériu vi 136.85 is taken in this sense by the editor (fair `in his despite' 141n .), but cf. I (e) end. In : ro foilghiusa sin ... ┐ ní fitir nech form cusaniu, RC xxvi 366 (= ní fitir nech in folach sin cusandiu LB 260a20 ) this sense seems implicit, though at first sight the ex. might seem to belong to (d).

Cf. use with 1 do-fich (togal), do-gní, fellaid (fell).

(n) expressing obligation, constraint, compulsion (see 1 fíach; do-beir) : nech forsa tabar a denum `one who is compelled to do it' Ml. 54a2 . folach f.¤ fer nad fuic `where a man who injures not has to maintain' BCrólige § 15 . aithgin fuirre i mbās in case of death she is liable for restitution Laws v 146.6 Comm.

(o) expressing worth, value (late and rare.Cf. IV a) : dá cét punt f.¤ cach n-eoch, Marco P. 9 .

(p) for phrases such as : f.¤ aird, f.¤ cel, f.¤ cúl (cúlu) f.¤ enech (inchaib), f.¤ fáesam (comairce), f.¤ son, etc., see these nouns.

(q) after adj. gov. obj. of emotion, faculty (rare) : ni pu f.¤ seotu santach, Hy v 7 ( Thes. ii 328 ). nirbat santach forsin bith | nach f.¤ innem cloen, LB 261a8 (= imman mbith, YBL 407a17 ). isam eolach sa f.¤ a muintir, Aisl. Tond. 113.2 .

III With a number of verbs in regular syntactical construction or in special expressions. It indicates the indirect (in some cases the direct) object (pers. or thing) after verbs of asking, entreating, seeking; tempting; discussing, meditating; fighting, attacking, routing, defeating, overthrowing; blessing, cursing, censuring; suing; enjoining, commanding; estimating, judging, punishing; giving, bestowing; binding, pledging; putting, placing, throwing, etc., etc. For exx. of use see especially : ad-cobra, ad-cota, ad-eirrig, ad-fét (as-indet), ad-slig, ad-suidi, aithnid (ad-noí), beirid, bris(s)id, 1 ceisid, con-dïeig, dáilid, 2 do-alla, do-beir, 1 do-cain (díchetal), do-cuirethar, do-éccai (1 dercaid, fégaid), 1 do-ella, 1 do-fich (dígal), do-gní, do-icc, do-indnaig, do-léci, do-scé(u)lai, do-sluindi (diúltad), do-soí, do-tét, do-tuit, dúnaid, feccaid, feraid (ferthain), foaid, fo-ceird, fo-coisle(a), fo-dáli, fo-luigi (see II above), for-congair, fo-ruimi, fothraicid, fúabair, fóbair, gaibid, guidid, íadaid, íarmi-foich (íarar, íarair), imm-beir, léicid, liïd, lingid (léimm), maidid, midithir (1 mes(s)), moídid, nascid (ar-naisc, fo-naisc), 2 nertaid, roínid (sroínid), saidid, 1 saigid, soïd, sreid, 1 téit, 1 tráchtaid.

Cf. IV below.

IV In Mid. Ir. MSS. sometimes misused for O.Ir. AR, especially in verbal constructions (see III) :

(a) on account of, because of, for the sake of: foracsabairsi foromsa cach maith, LU 2397 (H). císsi lóg conattaig f.¤ a eladain, LL 219a27 ( TTr. 156 ). tabuirsiu f.¤ do soīre give [it] for the sake of thy freedom Anecd. iii 30 = ar do sh., Lism. L. 190 . ni accatarsom cinnas boí ... a huachtur túas f.¤ a hairde, LU 1927 . ni f.¤ crabud léce do miltnidecht uait, acht ar omun in catha, LB 59b62 ( RC ii 388 ). in fath forar crochad Isu, PH 2877 . Cf. na huile noebnoidenu ro damatar marttra forut [ = erut] YBL 327a2 ( Ir. Lit. 34 ). combad f.¤ Martain dogneth Dia in mírbuil for M.'s sake LB 60a4 ( RC ii 388 ). dia n[d]erntasu formsa if you would do as I tell you TBC-LL¹ 1802 . ni dearnnsad fair they did not obey him Dinds. 79 (= BB 390a39 ). ni dernai E. ḟurri anisein, LL 222a6 ( TTr. 351 ). dorónadh fairsium sin, CCath. 2896 . See do-gní. ro oentuigset in ní sin f.¤ Chaillin according to C.'s advice Fen. 178.7 . ic attach in Choimded ... f.¤ animmib na ndoine on behalf of PH 6393 . ro guid M. in Coimdid forru, LB 61a5 ( RC ii 398y ).

(b) Freq. with indirect obj. of verbs of concealing, delivering, rescuing (e.g. ceilid, do-essuirg, fo-luigi, saeraid, q.v.). In : gan nert cobharta forra fein incapable of helping themselves BNnÉ 5 § 11 , FOR replaces FRI, or direct acc. (= gen. after vn.). (But cf. use of f.¤ with fortacht, and AR with the late formation foirid, fóirid) : cid ara n-anci in laech ḟorrum, LL 284a13 ( TTr. 1261 ).

(c) in some phrases : f.¤ bélaib (= ar b.) SR 4568 . f.¤ a n-inchaib, CCath. 2407.3633 . f.¤ cend, LU 5954 , 5958 (H). f.¤ cind, 5890 (H). f.¤ tús, LB 61a5 ( RC ii 396x ). FA 3 LB (= ar thús, LU 1967 ). Cf. f.¤ dus (v.l. f.¤ tus), CCath. 303 . See also under these nouns.

V ? Adverbial use of 3 s. neut.: na for aircella echdrund n-aircend 'nor in addition does it take away the definite property of another' Peritia iii 446 (Text II) .

fortamlaigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fortamlaigid or dil.ie/23964
Last Revised: 2019

v g (fortamail ; cf. fortallaigid) prevails, gets the mastery (over), with FOR : f.¤ E. for Loegaire, LU 8922 ( FB 69 ). fortamlaigfid sil mBriain ... for clannaib na mac aile, RC xxiv 176.1 (cf. Niall confortamlaig, 194.6 ). ro fortamlaigset na coin for na cairib conus duadar, RC xliii 98y . ro fortamlaigh conách catha Césair for toicim [toictin v.l.] Poimp, CCath. 2215 . ro fortsamlaig recht De for an idhaladhradh, D IV 2, 40rb23 . fortamhlaighidh ... in cocad thair for Laighnibh o Chennsealach, Lism. L. 3015 . cor fortamlaidead[ar] na foranmanna [sic leg.] ... for na hanmandaib disli superseded the real names Ériu ii 184.14 . Absol. ro fortamlaigh ... grád a comnesta i cridibh muinteri Cesair, CCath. 2427 . ro fortamlaig in Gāedhealg, ITS xliv 184 § 497 . With acc. : ro fortamlaigset ... a colaind mastered Anecd. ii 11.19 .

fuil,

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fuil, or dil.ie/24792
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: fuil, fuil, folo, fola, fuili, fuile, fule, fola, folae, folo, fala, ḟala, fala, fola, folaib, fuile, fola, fala, fuil, fuile, fola, fala, fuili, fala, fuili, fuli

n i, f. (? originally n., Bretha 3 ) a s. fuil, Wb. 2b11 . d s. fuil, Tur. 128 . g s. folo, Thes. i 498.37 ( Ardm. 189b2 ). fola, Ml. 37c6 . a p. fuili, Wb. 31b21 . g p. fuile, 2b1 . Ml. 22b1 . fule, 37c4 . Later exx. g s. fola; folae, Mon. Tall. § 60 ; folo, YBL 12a49 ; fala, IGT, Decl. 181 . dondḟala , LU 6475 . dergfala , TBC-LL¹ 4141 (: cara). Forms with broad vowel are found later in pl.: a p. fola LB 141a46 , d p. folaib, LL 267b19 ; n a p. fuile fola fala IGT, Decl. § 181 . fuil (f., g s. fuile, fola, fala) §42 , § 181 ; med na bfol, méd na bfal dtēacht, § 181 . g s. fuili, ex. 1216 ; fala, 168 , 1215 . ? Also: curub fairsingi(dh) a falanna de sin (= omnia vulnera lacerata sunt), Celtica vii 175.404 , x 141 n. 1 .

(a) blood: f.¤ ... a flumine [leg. fulmine] .i. on tsaignen, ar it cosmaili im dath ┐ im deirgi datha, Corm. Y 644 . f.¤ a fuluo .i. flann derg (flannderg ? See flann, b), O'Mulc. 591 . f.¤ dar colaind , LL 7a29 . Fig. ní himmēr mo lāim ... form ḟ.¤ nach form ḟeoil fodēin, SR 1541 (cf. c below). ar dáilfe f.¤ = blood shall be shed LU 5192 . tochta fola ┐ féola trina cnedaib, TBC-LL¹ 3616 . trén atāt for tí m'ḟola, LU 1268 (= Imr. Brain ii 288 ). emeltus na fola místa, PH 5719 . rith folo, gl. dysenteria ( Acts xxviii 8 ) Thes. i 498. 37 . riuth fola, AU 763.777 . co tarlaic a bolgdéra mora fola for a dib traigthib shed great tears of blood LL 119b4 (of a horse). cíís déra ... forruada fola, 171a20 ( CRR 3 ). ro chí ... co ndēraib falae, BColm. 84.18 . roptis fola ┐ cro mo dēr of blood and gore AU 687 ( Bruchst. i § 98 ). catha ... dia mbó lán linn fola, ZCP x 344 § 16 . (banscál) derg fola red with blood ib. § 17 . (Fig.) frecrad fuli cech anmae, Ériu iii 96 § 3 , quoted by O'Dav. 1003 with gloss: f.¤ .i. pecad. In pl. of blood of more than one individual: béssti olca doesmet fuili , Wb. 31b21 . imeasorgain oc a teilgtar fuili, Laws v 476.25 . dāildis fuile, Rawl. 85b25 ( RC xxxvi 262 ) = fuli, LL 45b16 . doruachtatar fuile fodbrondai na míled, Alex. 145 . da folaib con ┐ catt, LL 267b19 ( MU² 731 ). a fulib drecon is loscend, Cog. 158.19 . atá a haghaidh ... d'ḟalaibh féinneadh dá folcadh her surface is washed by the blood of warriors TD 4.5 . But the singular noun is used in a similar context, Celtica x 141 : fri testin fola, Ml. 37 c 6 (cf. re testin fola na mmíled, LU 6438) . issnib colnidib … tuesmot a fuil 'who pour forth their blood' Cambr. 38 b .

Hence (b) an effusion of blood, a wound (generally in pl.): atait secht fuile ... feartar nācon tuillet fiachu, Laws v 142.1 . fer na fola (i.e. the wounded man) i 130.26 . nach f.¤ ales fiacha `any wound which entails fines' BCrólige 19 . f.¤ ot[h]rusa `bloodshed involving sick maintenance' 41 . bit imserga ┐ círgala ┐ fuili fordérgga i cach slúag, LU 4542 . it tromda ... na fuli formsa, 6309 . a ālta ┐ a ḟuli, TBC-LL¹ 4279 = iolgona, St. ilar fule firfitir ar Coin Culaind, LU 10384 . beti fir i fuilib de, TBC-LL¹ 1473 . it aidbli ... iar fuilib, Fél. Prol. 82 . adsluindiu a fuili I appeal by their wounds Ep. 321 . badar laich ann a fuilib, Acall. 4740 . Sing. form but pl. sense in: duba ind ḟuilse 'these wounds are severe' TBC-LL¹ 2810 , Celtica x 141 .

(c) blood = consanguinity, stock, race (freq. in later lit.) : gáel na fola blood-relationship PH 7394 . norannadh fair budhesin ┐ forsin f.¤ dia ōl he would deal it to himself and to the blood (royal) Marco P. 50 . a ríolaoigh fuile an Airdríogh of the Lord's kin A. Ó Dálaigh xxxv 3 . an Ádhamhfhuil Adam's race xv 2 . do chiontaibh ḟuile [fola v. l.] Eachoidh, TD 9.21 . d'ḟolaibh uaisle na hÉireann, 28.27 . re foluibh ísli fhuinn Luighdheach lowborn families Studies 1919, 73 . go ffuiccheadh gach aon ... aisecc a ḟola ┐ a onóra `restoration of their blood and honours' (i.e. restitution of their rights of descent) AFM vi 2182 (or could this belong to folud in sense `estate' ?).

Compds. ¤feóil flesh and blood (dvanda-compd.) : daene d'ḟuilḟeóil Adaim, LL 10b48 (= ZCP xiii 361 ) ¤glas stream of blood: fir fuilglassa de fuilib méderath, LU 5461 . Fuiliarnn n.l. TBC-I¹ 2183 . ¤iath ` bloody plain ' (v.l. fuilliath, foliath) Metr. Dinds. ii 34 (perhaps source of O'Clery's : fuiliat .i. fuileach). ¤teipersnech streaming with blood: ro siacht cnedach fuiltepersnech dochum a luinge, ITS xliv 18 § 384 (R2) .

gaibid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gaibid or dil.ie/25119
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: gaibim, gabimm, gaibiu, gaibid, gaibthi, gaib, gaibit, gabit, gaibde, gaba, rogba, gebaid, gebat, gabsu-sa, rongabus, gabais, gabis, rogab, gaibthir, rogaibther, gaibtir, gabthar, gabthe, rogabad, rogabath, rogabtha, gabthi, gabaid, gebsa

v see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 527 . O.I. Pres. ind. 1 s. gaibim, Thes. ii 2.35 . gabimm, Wb. 16d4 . gaibiu, Trip. 54.14 . 3 s. gaibid, Wb. 9a3 . Ml. 64c12 . (with pronom. suf.) gaibthi, Sg. 26b7 . ni gaib , Wb. 3d8 . 3 p. gaibit, Sg. 200b10 . gabit, Ml. 38a8 . rel. gaibde, 76a16 . Pres. Subj. 3 s. gaba, Wb. 28a20 . rogba, 15d40 . Fut. 3 s. gebaid, Wb. 8a7 . 3 p. ni gebat , 4c8 . Pret. and Perf. 1 s. gabsu-sa, Thes. ii 291.7 . (ceín) rongabus , Wb. 23b18 . 3 gabais, Thes. ii 238.16 . gabis, i 495.1 ( Ardm. 77a1 ). rogab, Wb. 2c21 . Pass. Pres. ind. s. gaibthir, Wb. 16d7 . (hó) rogaibther , 13b13 . p. gaibtir, Thes. ii 295.16 . Subj. s. gabthar, Wb. 29b5 . Pret. and Perf. s. gabthe, Ml. 55c1 . rogabad, 14a14 . rogabath, 24d13 . p. rogabtha, 133b2 . verb. necess. gabthi, 76d4 . Vn. gabál, q.v. For later forms see IGT Verbs § 23.

I Trans. lays hold of, grasps .

(a) takes hold of, possession of ; passing into sense receives, accepts . With co and reflexive pron. takes to oneself : admits of, allows . Ní gaib cen (acht) insists on. Supports, upholds (= congaib) ; sometimes almost = fogaib.

(b) With pers. obj. receives, admits . g.¤ nech in receives as : g.¤ ar considers as.

(c) takes by force, captures ; takes away ; g.¤ lám, g.¤ búaid.

(d) More rarely holds, maintains (against an enemy).

(e) affects, takes hold of (lit. seizes, possesses) of a mental condition, etc. ; affects injuriously (illness, etc.) paralyses, bewitches .

(f) puts, applies .

(g) puts on, assumes : g.¤ arm assumes warrior status ; g.¤ caille, colann, étach, etc. With imm and reflexive pron. puts on (clothes), cf. inf. V (g).

(h) g.¤ cuan, port, etc., reaches (a destination).

(i) g.¤ dúnad, longport pitches a camp .

(j) chooses, fixes (a day, meeting, etc.).

(k) sets about, begins (an employment, etc.).

(l) conceives (a passion, etc.).

(m) thinks, infers . (m 2) takes down from dictation; edits (?).

(n) conceives (offspring).

(o) With for and reflexive pron. takes on oneself (responsibility, etc.).

(p) With co and refl. pron. assumes .

(q) takes a path, traverses, reaches .

(r) ? celebrates (a festival).

(s) suits (late).

(t) A legal idiom (?)

II Intrans.

(a) goes, proceeds .

(b) lands, settles, takes up one's abode (esp. of starting a community).

(c) holds out, remains .

(d) Gram. is declined ; also is subdivided.

(e) holds sway, reigns .

(f) takes hold or effect .

III Perfect forms= subst. vb.

IV sings, chants, recites , etc.

V Further uses with preps. :

(a) g.¤ ar (1) holds back, restrains (2) distrains (rare).

(b) g.¤ de hinders, holds back : also g.¤ ní de neuch.

(c) g.¤ do (1) sets about . (2) attacks . (3) covers, fits .

(d) g.¤ fa attacks, charges at.

(e) g.¤ for (1) assails . (2) begins, sets about . (3) overtakes . (4) outshines .(5) includes .

(f) g.¤ fri (1) holds out against . (2) warns (doubtful). (3) receives, welcomes (late). (4) commences, begins .

(g) g.¤ imm (1) refuses, refrains from, conceals, withholds . (2) distrains . (3) makes good, compensates . (4) adheres to. (5) dresses, arrays oneself.

(h) g.¤ in assails .

(i) g.¤ la accepts, sides with.

(j) g.¤ oc. (1) sets about, begins . (2) sides with, stands by ; passing into sense is partial to, lets off.

(k) g.¤ ós gains supremacy over .

VI Used in phrases with nouns to which references are given.

I Trans. In widest sense lays hold of, grasps .

(a) takes (hold of, possession of) ; passing into sense of receives, accepts (with mat. obj.) : amal náṅgabimmse didiu ni gaib Lucas, as I do not take it (of a payment), Wb. 16d4 . rogabad gabáal dóib leu, 7a7 . gebid A. in n-id inna láim, TBC-LL¹ 581 . focherd a bunsaich ... condagebed re toitim ... so that he would catch it before falling, TBC-I¹ 518 . gab a Eba in t-uball-sa, Ériu iv 114.2 . rogab ... in mac ina ucht, RC xxiv 192.1 . adubradar nach gēbdais coma ina sārugud, ZCP viii 274.18 . Giabud-sa coma uaib, xiii 240.14 . dogab Buinne na comhadha sin, IT ii2 140.445 . `in ngēbthái cís no cáin uatha ? ' ... `ní giabthar,' ZCP xiii 226.9 - 11 . do-ghéabhainn ... eineaclonn, TD 3.52 . Analogous : roghabhsat a ndíorma `they sent out their squadron' (i.e. took and got together), AFM v 1812.15 . geibid Brigit e fri baithis `B. holds him at the baptism,' Fél. 110.27 . g.¤ ech gets (and makes ready) a horse : gabhthar a ghabhar do Ghuaire, RC xxvi 374.22 . gebid ar n-eich co escaid, vii 296.114 . is gabtha indiu in gabar bán, SG 243.32 .

With non-mat. obj. : gēbaid a ainm dim anmaim[-se] he will take his name from mine, ACL iii 231.16 . ro gab ratha grene ┐ esca `took guarantees of the sun and moon,' MR 2.5 . caibdhi (caibghi v.l.) ler geab sí suirgi a bride-price for which she accepted wooing, IGT Decl. ex. 176 . geb as do thoil fen bás accept death, PH 6631 . gab maithim n-anacail accept protection, TTebe 1030 . níor ghabh umhlocht `did not receive homage,' TD 17.43 . ro ghabh a n-airi cur fir a ndobratar a ndraidhe fein riu it was borne in upon them, RC xliii 76 § 76 . g.¤ sossad (suide, etc.) : rogab á sossad he hath taken his station, Wb. 4b18 . gabsat ... a suide, BDD 59 . gaib do chuil isin charcair take thy corner in the prison, Thes. ii 290.8 . g.¤ ríge, tír, etc. takes possession of, takes over (an office, dignity, property, etc.) : ataat da n-orpe rogab A., Wb. 2c21 . cia dib gebus t'forba, RC xxiv 194.1 . resiu rogabtis tír tairṅgeri, Ml. 123a1 , or under (c) ? tria chumachta na hingine nogebtais tír, Ériu iii 138.2 . doguidhetar ... fá mhac ... dogébhed a nionad dia neisi, BNnÉ 190 § 1 . iar ndul adíu nogabad Tír an Dísirt `that he set up in T.' (of a bishop), BColm. 56.30 . i mbechbrethaib bech ... gaibte crann `bees that have taken up their lodging in the tree,' Laws iv 180.16 . gabaid M. rīge nEírenn, ZCP viii 318.11 . ... nar gaba rath na righi, Fen. 120.11 . Ri do gabustar righi, BCC § 141 . Cf. in lin rig rogab hErind, Fen. 58.14 . ar ghabh dá gcineadh Bóinn Bhreagh, TD 8.17 . géba apdaine ┐ cumachta fors-in domun, PH 2272 . Domnall o Conaill do gabh uadha e a nGaidhilg `took it down in Gaelic from him' (i.e. from his dictation), Plummer Colophons 16, n.4 . Often with co and refl. pron. takes to oneself, undertakes : ma ro gabsat daine aile cuca ar comairce, Laws iv 228.25 . gab chucat sind, a Christ, PH 183 . gabh chugat mo chomairche undertake my defence, Dán Dé 1.3 . blāith rogabais cucut corp, ACL iii 242 § 16 . dogab Serlus sin cuige co mor, C. took that greatly to heart, RC xix 278 § 204 (Fier.). níor gábh Eóghan chuige go maith an t-urfhuighioll sin, ML 44.9 . takes to witness : rogab neam, ┐ talam, Todd Nenn. 126.9 ; lxx 11 . admits of, allows : ni gabait etir na lestair lána a tórmach, PH 5480 . Ni gaband sí a cumdach le h-or no le h-airget, BCC § 52 (of a stone). beac ma gabann leighes quasi non recipit curationem, O'Gr. Cat. 205.21. Cf. dá ngébha an focal chuigi if the word will allow of it, IGT Introd. § 3 . ní ghéabhainn dol go clannaibh séaghainn Saxon I would not consent (?) to go, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 8 § 5 . ná gabh toirmeasg `admit no hindrance,' TD 2.3 . Ní gaib cen (acht) will take only, insists on : ní ragaib cen chuit cána, LL 376a35 . nī gēb cen sē curu, TBC-I¹ 2274 ; 2260 . na geb-si cen cath insist on a battle, MR 42.19 . adubhairt nach gebhadh gan meisi dḟaghail mar mhnaoi, Ériu v 182.360 ; 209.21 (v.l.). adubairt nac hgébadh gan éraic d'fagáil, BNnÉ 89.9 . Nír gap uaidip gan bangcēd, Fl. Earls 68.25 . ní ghéabhaidh ód ghruaidh gan bheith feithmheach ..., TD 19.6 . ni ragab acht a anmnigud o anmaim (of Lifea and Mag Life), LL 159a31 . ni ro-gabsat uada acht a bréthir do comallad friu, PH 908 . nir gabhsat uadha gan a athchur, BNnÉ 236.31 . ni rogab acht oentech do denam imme, Anecd. i 9.11 . Also ní gaib co : nī rogaib A. co tarta rātha ┐ gremand fris `A. did not rest satisfied till securities and bonds were given to him,' Cáin Ad. § 22 ; § 26 . supports, upholds (?) glossed congbann : in tí na gaibh rechtge, ni tuilledh rechtge dó .i. in tí na congbhann in díretad, O'D. 712 ( H 3.17, c. 520 ). concerns, affects : comaithces ... is cuma no do gaib aire fri aithech, Laws iv 68.4 . In some cases nearly = fo-gaib : ni gaib airechas it does not get leadership, Wb. 3d8 . canas a ngabar índ aile dec `whence is the twelfth derived ?' Laws iv 198.1 Comm. 16.11 Comm. rogab lige n-úar i n-úir, Metr. Dinds. ii 36.4 .

(b) With pers. obj. receives, admits : manumgaibi ar charit (= Si ergo habes me socium), Wb. 32a16 . na gaph tescariut mar caruid, Ériu v 126.8 . rogabad som hirige, Ml. 14a4 . conadragaib ina munteras, IT i 74.5 . arroeta[t]ar (.i. ro gabadar) he co fáilti, ACL iii 30 § 81 . ro gabadh go honórach hé ón rígh, RC xxv 388.6 . sí ar feadh na gorta níor gheabh `throughout the famine he disowned her' (i.e. would not have her), TD 15.31 . g.¤ nech i n- takes, receives as (in the quality of) : gebtit iudei i n-apid `Judaei will receive him as lord,' Wb. 26a8 . Cf. gabsi cadessin abbaith, Thes. ii 242.21 . co ro-n-gabthar i n-ar mbraithrib do Christ, PH 7883 . do gab se 'na la ciunaiss dó fén é `he took it for a day of rest,' BCC 408.12 . A somewhat different idea with ar : gebidh in aimsir frecnairc arna huilib aimseraib he takes the present time for all times, Auraic. 84.

(c) takes by force, captures . duairci bas dun chach ṅgaibde whom they seize, Ml. 76a16 . condagaibtis intais amprom trianintleda that the wicked used to seize them through their snares, 31c6 . damsa bed gabthi (gl. nihil defuit ad capiendum me), 76d4 . fer gaibes fer beogabail, Laws iv 336.8 . Na mna ... rogabad la Creon rofhosclad dibh la Teis, TTebe 4907 . romgab in críne m'imlúad old-age has deprived me of my power of motion, Ériu iv 154.15 . co[r] gabatar tech fuirre they stormed the house in which she was, RC xv 323 ( Dinds. 23 ). Ro gabhadh an droichet forra, AFM vi 1992.5 . gébtáit ar tír frind, TBC-I¹ 172 . gabsit tír and ar chlaideb, ZCP viii 313.21 . gabsat tír im Themair Breg, Hail Brigit § 18 ( LL 50a10 ). For g.¤ láim expels, g.¤ láim for enjoins, see lám and s.v. gabál. Fig. dede huangaibter in descipuil oc eitsecht inna preceptorae `... whereby disciples are taken,' Ml. 122c2 . A Eua, cid arnotgeib ? (= ar-ṅdot-geib ?) what is the matter with thee ?, SR. 1693 . g.¤ buaid wins a victory: ní ba unus gebas a m-buáid, Wb. 11a6 . isóinfer gaibes buáid diib, 11a4 . gabsat búaid, Fél. Jan 28 ; July 6 .

(d) More rarely holds, maintains (against an enemy, etc.): ro gabsat co setrech ... in tech commatain, TFerbe 339 . Cf. ré fer ná ré mnái ... ní gabtar in t-aracul the little house is never closed against man or woman, SG 245.8 .

(e) affects, takes hold of (lit. seizes, possesses) of a mental condition or the like; more commonly affects injuriously (of disease, danger or other evil influence); esp. bewitches, paralyses: nachinrogba derchoíniud, Wb. 15d40 . nachas-ragbad torsi díachessadsom, RC iv 246 § 3 . gabaidh toirrsi mor M.E., Ériu v 72.13 . rom gab trist, TBC(C) 1058 . conidrogbad huall, Ml. 39d22 . nísgaibed tart nā līae, Hy. ii 29 . conidgaib codlad de, TBC-I¹ 371 . do gob ita iarsin iad 'thirst seized them', ITS xxxix 38 § 233 . ro gobustair ferg mor he 'great wrath seized him', ITS xxxix 38 § 233 . romgab imtholta im erscéluib Tāno do ḟaisnēis dam, ACL iii 3.18 . gabsai format, ZCP xi 108.2 . ní-dom-geibend ecal, Metr. Dinds. iii 152.18 . ma rangba crith, Ériu vii 168.30 . rongab failte, BB 493b30 . do gab gengairi ... é, BCC § 98 . in corrmíl bá in sengán nom-gaib isin crecht `that nips me in the wound,' BDD 162 . ni-mragba nathir, Misc. Hib. 20.1 . nin geib rind, TBC-LL¹ 3209 . nachumgabat gái, KMMisc. 256 § 28 . ní geibhtis renna ... he, RC xliii 46 § 45 . Ni báid usce he ... ┐ ni geba iarn, PH 7278 . ni gabad arm é, Ériu iii 166.36 . ros gabsat idain Moncha, CMMucr. 50 § 42 . re siu ro gobad galar `before disease took hold on him,' Ir. Review 1912.250 . RC iii 177.7 . gabais buidre a cluasa 'deafness seized their ears', Blathm. 96 § 21 . nis ragaibh lugha dighe thirst did not oppress them, AFM i 382.7 . Ro chansat-side brechta druidechta ina agid, co ro gabait a chossa ocus a láma so that his legs and arms were stricken, SCC 48 ( LU 4028 ). Cf. do gabhadh a chosae ┐ a lamha fair, ZCP x 14.4 . Lism. L. 3043 . rogabtha a cossae cona dernae figild, Mon. Tall. § 34 . gabtar cassa na n-each (i.e. by the power of St. Molasius), SG 26.19 .

(f) puts, applies: gabais iarom a mér ina bēolu, RC xxv 344.z . geibh ind uisqui put it in water, Lism. L. 2676 . gabhais minn ... fa a cheann, CF 903 . in t-aire rogabsabair foraib, ZCP viii 318.25 . ro-gabsat étach corcorda imme, PH 3295 . rogobad ola ... da churp oil was applied to his body, TTebe 2560 . geibid na claidhmi dar a n-aigthib doip `slash the swords over their faces,' CCath. 5163 . conid hé gebes claideb dó, RC xxi 386.14 . gabais tabaill dōib, TBC-I¹ 1100 . gaibthi dō he plies it on him, 1735 . `gebid dúrna dar a gnúis dó,' PH 2330 . RC xliii 28 § 25 . ord don Chrumm rogab he plied a sledge hammer on C., Metr. Dinds. iv 22.9 . geibidh otrach ... ┐ clocha dó, BNnÉ 34.14 . Idiom: Ní raghatt ... ar nach gabat in sluagh imchumhang an toighi form `lest the army pen me in the house,' BS § 55 ( BS² 1660 ).

(g) puts on, assumes: gaibid mod ṅargumint it takes the form of an argument, Ml. 64c12 . Ca delb rogabais ?, Ériu iv 104 § 53a . rogabsi delb fhir do Grecaib fuirri she assumed the form of a Greek, TTebe 3449 . Ar ghabhabhair do ghné an chróigh the ruddy hue you had assumed, IGT Decl. ex. 318 . g.¤ caille puts on the veil (i.e. becomes a nun): gabais caille la Patricc Lassar, Thes. ii 238.16 ( Ardm. 17a2 ). g.¤ arm (gasced) assumes warrior status: romoch lind ra gabais armu, TBC-LL¹ 1163 . `in gaisced gebis (gebes LU) in gilla ?', TBC-I¹ 562 . g.¤ colaind takes flesh: ro-gabais colaind ndoenda, PH 164 . g.¤ étach, etc. (usu. with imm and refl. pron.) puts on clothes: gaibid immib a n-etach macc cóimsa, Wb. 27b16 . lasse gabas immbi, 13d22 . dond fíanerred ... rogabastár-som immi, TBC-I¹ 1870 . 2038 . gab etach ... pendaite umat, PH 452 . gabhuis a éideadh aithfrinn, Irish Texts i 38.18 . do ghabh fa na ghealghlacuibh á lamhanna, Rel. Celt. ii 262.25 . Fig. na daoine ghabhas orra grádh do bhriathar-sa do bheith aca `such as appear to reverence ... thy word,' Carswell 61.

(h) g.¤ cuan, port, etc., gains, reaches (a destination): gur ghabhsad cuan they put into port, Keat. i 142.51 . ro gabhsat caladh, Leb. Gab.(i) i 224 § 150 . gabuis port curuch C.C., Mon. Tall. § 66 . in tan ro gabsat na curaig tír, LU 6922.

(i) g.¤ dúnad, longport fixes, pitches (a camp): gabthe dunad les fris, Ml. 55c1 . co ro gab longphort oc Muaid, RC xxiv 178 § 6.

(j) chooses, assigns, fixes (a day, meeting, etc.): Do ghabh sé tráth rer teibi he has assigned a time for our destruction, IGT Decl. ex. 160 . gabsat la catha, BNnÉ 10.7 . do gabhsad ... lā cuinne, Duan. F. i 13.23 . do gabatar lá a cend mís do fhregra chatha da cheile, L. Chl. S. § 12 . rogabadh coinne, Expugn. Hib. § 76.

(k) takes up, sets about, begins (an employment or occupation), usu. with vn.: gabais eigsi corbo sui, ZCP xiv 154.11 . Nás rogaibi gním cen gáis, Metr. Dinds. iii 48.13 . Ó rogabsat ... tochmarc Túaige, iv 58.17 . is é cles do ro ghabh an ingen ... dona hógaibh, RC xxix 110 § 4 . gabais cluche arísi, LU 1715 . gabaid ... imbirt a dornn foraib, TBC-I¹ 431 . gaibig (gabaid , LU) immān līathrōide riam darin nārmaig, 455 . rogab formalad na sin (sic leg.) began to extol the weather (Four Old Irish Songs), Rawl. 107a3 ; ni ragab si labrath cid acht, Irish Texts i 2 § 3 ; 14 § 42 . dianragabsa dībrugud isin tailm, 1054 . gebid cách díb ... leod ┐ letrad, TFerbe 728 . ro gab ... scaindred ... int ṡluáig, 732 . geibid glanad na hadba, Metr. Dinds. iii 246.61 . Cid imma ngabthar trebad ?, ZCP viii 112.17 . rogab torad tercugad, rogab talam olcugadh, ZCP vii 309.9 . do ghabadar na díbfergaig teichedh, SG 10.11 . o ro gabhus fogail, Moling § 16 . gabur aile do denam the fence is begun, Laws iv 70.24 gl. With infixed pron. anticipating the object of the vn.: romgab mo thēdi toghaois my wantonness has commenced to beguile me, Ériu ii 16 § 5 . Is labar tonn mara mair. rusgab in gaim comgabáil winter has begun to arouse it, Otia i 125 . Rosngap an mpachlach griseth the churl began to upbraid them, ITS ii 124 § 98 . (Cf. atároí astód he fails to stop them, LU 6793. ) Also gaibid for gaibid oc and gaibid fri, qq.v.

(l) conceives (a passion or emotion) the mental state being the obj. of the vb., a later construction than (e): gabaid feirg Cathal, MacCongl. 51.27 . geibhis aitricche ndiochra inn, BNnÉ 323 § 35 . rogab ét ingen R., Metr. Dinds. iii 94.13 . dogob nairi an ingen, iv 12.13 . gor gabh risin Fhein format, ZCP xi 43 § 44 . na gabh ... crith re gríoghail, ML 100.20 . an ní fá ngabhaim gúasacht, Studies 1921, 419 § 10 . co ngebtais ... ecla reimi, TTebe 2390 . ro gabustar-som uaill ... de-sin, RC xliii 14 § 7.

(m) thinks, infers . Sometimes with oc and refl. pron.: rogab a menma-sum robad budi la Grécu, LL 231b18 ( TTr. 1057 ). rogab a menma conad e Ænias in fer, Aen. 1591 . ni gebad delb eli dib acht `... would form no other conception of them but,' CCath. 782 . conid assin rogabad a tichtain a nelaip ciach, RC xii 58.9 . nī asa ṅ-gabtha, anything from which might be inferred, Rawl. 75a49 . ar mírbuil dino as gabtha do churp in Choimded dul isin tegdais foriatta, LB. 195a42 . Very frequent in Laws Comm. in this sense, e.g. Is ass gabar sin it is from this that that is deduced, Laws passim . na gebed ... nech aicce co mbad ... (= nemo putet ...), PH 6144 . na ragbam accaind ar dhíles na hindmusa do-ratait dúin (= ea non debemus retinere privata ...), 6123 .

(m 2) takes down from dictation; edits (?): Nicol hua hIceadha do gabh a nGaeidilg, NLI G2 248 . Ua Dubthaig do gab ┐ do scríb, NLI G5 f. 5v . See Angus Matheson Essays 88-89 .

(n) conceives (offspring). Common in later Church language. sul ar ghab sí C. ina broinn, SG 1.9 . Géabhair mac ón Athair, A. Ó Dálaigh i 7 . do bhrigh nach gabhthar ón Spiorad Naomh acht Mac Dé, Eochairsg. 120.5 . do gabhadh ón Sbiorad naomh, Ó Héodhusa 7. With object unexpressed: Gabhais an ógh ón Athair, A. Ó Dálaigh i 1 .

(o) g.¤ for, with refl. pron., takes (a burden, responsibility on one's self), undertakes . geibid foraib faisam in meic, TBC-LL¹ 934 . geib-siu ḟort na ticfa d'ḟortacht ... fer n-hErend, 4668 . gabaim-si immorro form ōn Coimdhe co nā ba lugaite di (= do) rath, ACL iii 309.14 . gabhuid sin ortha fein they undertake to do that, BNnÉ 159 § 16 . gabait forro ferta ... nach fétat do dénam dóib, FA § 28 . gabh ort mo choimhéad, Dán Dé iii 19.

(p) g.¤ co, with refl. pron., takes to oneself, receives, cf. TSh. Glossary. Leg. assumes (?): gabaimse cugam a breitheamnaibh nach tarrus aos láime, O'D. 1700 ( H 2.12, No. 8, p. 1 ).

(q) takes a path, etc., traverses, reaches: Is mair[g] mairg ... gabus in athgairit-si dochumm n-iffirn, PH 7608 . conar inna aithrige dia mbeth nech nodagabad, Ériu i 200 § 24 . rogabhsat an clochán astech, v 94.2 . an t-eolass comcoitchenn gabus cach docum an oilen, BCC 234.23 . gabhait in fhairrgi, Fl. Earls 8.19 . With neut. aff. pron. as cognate obj.: gaibte (.i. teit) Moling, Fél. 152.13 . gaibt[h]i sīar she goes west, ACL iii 1.15 . gaibthi inund, Ériu ii 24.7 . gaibhthe ... docum na meithle, Lism. L. xii 2.

(r) provides for, holds, celebrates (a festival): is de sin no geibed Flidais cach sechtmad láa di feraib Herend do bóthorud dia thoscid ocon Táin, LU 1631 . Conchobar ... fessin no gaibed in samuin dóib, Ériu iv 26 § 14 ( LL 106b30 ). a menain si con-gabaind an Chaisc dōib, Irish Texts i 7 § 23 .

(s) becomes, suits (late): is olc ghabhus tú h'atán `badly doth thy hat become thee,' TD 38.48 .

(t) ? legal phrase: is mor nodcuri ┐ nodgabai fein id dhalaib `greatly dost thou put thyself and take thyself (?) in thy causes,' IT iii 201.1 .

II Intrans.

(a) goes, proceeds, extends: gaibid in rí condeissid forsin cholcaid, SG 414.7 ( LL 279b10 ). gebid ... sair, RC vii 300.1 . car ghabh an crodh ?, xxiii 10.6 . rogab remi ar ammus mara, TTr.² 146 . ar fágcbail tslebi San C. ... gebair ... co mainister manach, Maund. § 49 . cualli iairn isin brutt ... co n-geib on gualaind go araile dó so that it extends, TBC-LL¹ 5387 . gaibid ind ōcben chucu draws near, RC xiii 375.18 . cor' gabh in clais sin ó imell an longphuirt co caladh in mara sís, CCath. 1740 . gabhaidh iar sin anfadh for an ath a tempest passes over the ford, RC xliii 86 § 87 . gabh go dún Í Dhonnchadha, Gofraidh Fionn i i 15 ( Ir. Monthly 1919 ). An ruibēr gabus go Louāine, Fl. Earls 64.15 . doirsi tré ngabhann an Críostaidhe, Ó Héodhusa 14. With imm surrounds: coro gabsat immut uli `es hatten dich umgeben alle,' TFerbe 47 6. Fig. dogabsat ara coradaib `they turned to their sureties,' Ériu v 116.47 .

(b) settles, lands, takes up one's abode (esp. of the founder of a religious community): co ragbaiset hi trácht Fuirbthi they landed on F. strand, LU 6921 ( BDD 53 ). co ro gabsat i mBrēntrācht, ITS xliv 12 § 379 = gabsat Brentracht, LL 1466 . gur' gab isin bruach eli, CCath. 2616 . anadh ait a ngabadh fom mo c[h]urach, Anecd. i 72.203 . ara ṅgabtais i purt Semeonta, LL 219b46 ( TTr. 200 ). gabsat ... hic Temuir, ZCP viii 305.25 . mad beich rogabat and `if it be bees that have taken up their abode there,' Laws iv 168.27 . sruth. ... ro gab for brú amnis (of an anchorite), Fél. 42.36 . is é gebhus i rRind Ruis B. `it is he who will found a community at R.,' RC xxvii 274.4 . Asi sin aimsir roghabhasdair F. ... a Sliabh Ealpa, Hy Fiach. 18.7 . a ndíochur as in maighin i raghbhaiset (of troops encamped), AFM iv 902.26 . gabsat ann-sin co mucha lai ara barach, RC xliii 62 § 63.

(c) holds out, remains: ro gab ina chind co maeth-tráth éirgi arnabarach (`behauptete [das Haus],' Wind.), TFerbe 393 . gabus C. ina righi ... cu tainic in bodhith, RC xliii 12 § 5.

(d) Grammat. t. is declined: ionann ghabhuid (i.e. fine, aicme, etc.) d'úathadh ┐ d'iollradh, IGT 37 n. 6 . A fig. use of (a) ? Cf. Clann Charthaigh 's gach gné i ngabhoid `each of its species,' TD 32.15 .

(e) holds sway, reigns: dia éis ro gab C., Arch. Hib. ii 85 § 48 . ro gab ós Mide, 82 § 6 . na ríg rogabsat ō Chimbaeth co C., ZCP viii 326.17 . espoc S. .i. cetna comharba roghabh iar Finnén, Lism. L. 2633 . gebaid mac in duinn nadeig, Fen. 150.16 . BNnÉ 254.10 .

(f) takes hold, takes effect: as tene gabus gu grod `a spark that kindles quickly,' Ériu iv 212.11 dinin disail for gair gabhaidh takes effect on a short [syllable], Auraic. 1547.

III Perfect forms with neut. inf. pron. (ron[d] gabus, ron[d] gab, ron[d] gabsat) are used in O.I. and survive in Mid. I. as periphrases of the pres. ind. of subst. vb. in nasalising relative sentences, esp. after `amal' or its equivalent. In origin an idiomatic use of I (a), i.e. `I have taken it,' GOI § 781. Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 436 . Phil. Soc. Trans. 1899, p. 12 . nobiad chách amal rongabusa as I am, Wb. 9d25 . ceín rongabus i carcair as long as I am in prison, 23b18 . ni fitetar amal rongab they know Him not as He is, 27a11 . [ita] rongab scientia lib as there is s. with you, 6d12 . rongab remcaissiu Daé dinaib dulib, Ml. 20c3 . fobíth rongab torsum ┐ tortum, Sg. 172b1 . amal rongabsat in túisil olchenæ hi tuiter, 71a11 . co ceoluib ┐ ligbothaib amal rongab fo[r]na seacht ndealba ind richid, Ériu ii 106.14 . anruth ... ni nascar fair, amail ro gab rig Erenn, Laws iv 358.19 ; 334.6 . atat araile pectha ... sicut rongabsat fingala, RC xv 488.5 . is maith rongabus fritt I am good to thee, LL 249b1 . is si in derbhfine amuil ro gab bruinne in duine, O'D. 548 ( H 3.17, c.436 ). mar ro gab mét a sochraiti because of the number of their host, Cog. 66.23 . Cf. amail ro gaba (pres. subj.) as it may be, as for instance , O'Curry 2298 ( Eg. 88, f. 22 [23c] ).

IV sings, chants, recites; declares (cf. similar use of canaid). Oc cormaim gaibtir dúana, Thes. ii 295.16 . nosgaibtis for clais they used to sing them in choir, Ml. 2b7 . tre ailli gaibther re proinn, Wb. 28c20 . gabis ailli (gl. benedixit), Thes. i 495.1 ( Ardm. 77a1 ). gabais doib inna rundu sa sis, LU 3307 ( SCC § 11 ). gébdait mecc beca na runda sin, MacCongl. 17.16 . ro gab ceol, Fél. Nov. 27 ; Ep. 114 ; 173 . dogabsat gloria glan aingil, ZCP viii 114.7 . Aedh ... do ghabadh moran dana, AU iii 196.21 . is de gaibthi igitur it is of this that he says `igitur,' Sg. 26b7 . dorumenatar combad fou nogabthe isint faithsini (sic leg.) they thought it was uttered in prophecy, Ml. 35b18 . gaibthir tra déde isin testiminse two things then are treated of in this text, Wb. 16d7 . gabar in pater i sanais, PH 7995 . in tan gaibther ecnaircc neich, Rule of Tallaght § 21 . In leigenn gabur co hard, Ériu v 22.9 . geib t'aiccept, a mic `repeat thy lesson,' Fél. 12.19 . cidbe gabus sin for nim no liun ní bia irchoit de (of an incantation), Laws i 2.22 Comm. `Rogaub an rand sa dam dia gabāil doid-se.' `Gab!' ol sé, ACL iii 1.16 .

V Further uses with preps.

(a) g.¤ ar

(1) holds back, restrains . connā gebethar ar lúamairecht lám dó, TBC-I¹ 1872 = TBC-LL¹ 2528 . na maidid in t-echt, noco ngaba fo thrí ar a anáil until he thrice holds in his breath, Mer. Uil. 135 . neach nach gabhann ar a ghuth, Ir. Monthly 1927, 308.3 . ar mh'osnaidh an uair ghabhuim, Ir. Monthly 1927, 361.41 . gabail ar a fual, Mon. Tall. 147.21 . gabam ar ferge (ḟergaib MS) fīrbruth, ACL iii 321.5 . aithchim ... gabháil díbh ar bhar ngáiribh ... restrain your laughter, Content. xvi § 88 . distrains: gaibter ar a fine comfocus do, co nimcuimet aire, O'D. 2180 (cf. Laws iv 128.5 ). g.¤ for = g.¤ ar: ni raigebthar fort you will not be stopped (i.e. from giving largess), LL 277b6 . dia ṅgabad forsin rúin if he tried to hold in the secret, Ériu iv 32.2 . dia roghabhduis inniu fora n-ítaidh ..., Lism. L. 4404 . Cid forsna geib glas na slabrad ?, ZCP xiii 274.3 . nach gebhtha forra tocht an conair, Hugh Roe 36.20 (10a) .

(b) g.¤ de hinders, holds back: nī gēbasa (gebsa LU) dīt ēm I shall not stand in your way, TBC-I¹ 1588 . ní gebam dít trí ḟornert, TFerbe 83 2. mani gabtáis na mórchoicthi díib, TTr.² 1092 . ma dethbir gabus de if necessity prevent him, Laws ii 58.16 Comm. mine gabad naire dim, Aen. 680 . Also with direct obj.: ní boi ní nogabad díbsom tabart fochaide foir, Ml. 33a5 . Nicongebsa ón dítsu ón cid cossin n-echaire théisi I shall not hold you back, TBFr. 314 ( LL 251a40 ). nī gabt[h]ar dím dul cech conair, ZCP iii 33.18 .

(c) g.¤ do:

(1) sets about, undertakes: do gab dá admolad, SG 309.5 . rogabh A. ... do comrag la F., ZCP xiii 174.33 .

(2) attacks, `goes for': dobeir cesti do chách et ni maith less cia gabthar do, Wb. 29b5 . rogabsat dó ar gach taeb, ZCP vi 79.26 . gabar doib co taethsat ann let them be pressed, MR 128.1 . ra gabhadh dhóib ... do chlochaibh, TFrag. 146.15 . ib. 186.7 . mad gabtha gāi dūaine dō, Bruchst. no. 28 .

(3) covers, fits: con-gebethar dóib o thaul co aurdorn (of mail-clad horses), TBC-LL¹ 2544 . con-gabad do o thana thaib co tiug a oxaille, 2561 . clíabinar ... co ngebethar dó co barrúachtar a dondfúathroci, LU 6557 . go ngabhadh dhó ó fhosadh-mhullach a chinn go a cholpa, ML 112.

(d) g.¤ fa attacks, charges at: ro ghabh fotha amhail faol fo chaorchabh, TFrag. 166.8 . ra ghabhsat ... fo na Loclannaibh, 174.13 . ? gébthir fo mac n-imraichni, Imr. Brain 27 § 57 (see EIL 217 ).​

(e) g.¤ for

(1) assails; attacks: ar gebaid in scol for aréli `one school will attack another,' Wb. 8a7 . gabsait do lorcuibh ... forro, Marco P. § 148 . gebtait forn, Rawl. 132a53 ( Cymmr. xiv 114.13 ). ra gabastar de chlochaib ... bar feraib hE., TBC-LL¹ 4618 . (ar = for) roglac bata ... ┐ rogab orra, ZCP vi 57.26 . Keat. iii 1430 . gabhaidh dá earball air, TSh. 2608.

(2) begins, sets about: gabsat for ól ┐ for aibnius, TBC-LL¹ 999 . ro-gab for toirsi moir, PH 3025 . doghabh for tairchetul, Lism. L. 929 . Marco P. § 114 . (ar= for) rogab ... ar buain in ghuirt, Ériu v 116.2 .

(3) overtakes: gabaid adaig forra, BColm. 78.1 .

(4) outshines, beats, defeats: rogab do chlú for a chlú, LL 50a31 ( Hail Brigit § 25 ). gebthar oirb a dtir nEireand you will be defeated, MR 62.20 .

(5) includes, comprehends: cia hænfocul gebes forna ceit[h]ri ernaili ind Auraicepta, Auraic. 1260.

(6) rules over: gebaid do ṡil ar Erinn, YBL 329a12 ( TMoméra 152.9 ). gēbaid for Liphemaigh, B. in Scáil § 31 . gabhaiss foraibh finnuibh coruibh, ZCP viii 197.6 . gabais for dōine domnaib, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 10 § 5 . mór ríg ro gab for Mide, Arch. Hib. ii 82 § 2.

(f) g.¤ fri:

(1) holds out against, prevails over: ni gebat frib ... i cathaib, SR 4835 . ni gébat frit' gnuis ṅgargdai (sic leg.) buidni borba barbardai, 5015 . ni gébad fri feta in serriti óc amulchach sain, TBC-LL¹ 1961 . ni ragbad riss no resistance was made to him, TFerbe 322 ( LL 255b27 ). nícon gébtar cath no comlonn frit, RC vi 183.10 . xviii 181.z (Tig.). gebaidh side fri dam (of a fence) `it will be a defence against oxen,' Laws iv 112.6 . claideb ... frisna gabtís lúirecha, TTr.² 1000 . ni gabtha friu ar a n-aicenta (of women) they should not be impugned (?) for their natures, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 20 § 11 . gabhaid sealad fri ḟeoil ... ar crabhudh they abstain from meat, TFrag. 124.10 . an tan no-gabdais caingni fer nErenn fris when the affairs of the men of Ireland were too much for (i.e. harrassed) him, ZCP xiii 262.15 . nocho ragaib Find ra ech `F. did not rein in his horse,' RC vii 294.87 . do chogainn crann a chraois[i]dhe (sic leg.) ... go a hionnsma, ionnas gur ab é a cró cruaid ... do ghabhastair re a gheal-dhéadaibh that offered resistance to his teeth, ML 62.19 . nochor béo-sa īarum oc gabāil fris nī bas sīriu, RC xiii 383.8 .

(2) warns, threatens (?): rogebad frind dia caithmis co fuidbemis bas ( LB 110b51 ), MacCarthy 52.15 .

(3) receives, welcomes (?): ro ghabh O Ferghail fris, ┐ do rad ferann dia cethraibh, AFM iv 1018.17 .

(4) commences: gabais fri grisad Cuind, LU 3169.

(g) g.¤ imm

(1) withholds, hides, conceals, refuses, refrains from: is annssa do dāinib gabāil im rūnaib rodochtaibh, Otia iii 49 § 9 . ba galar ... don gillu gabāil im a rūn, 48 § 5 . mian mna torrcha ... ocus ar daigin secdachta ro gabadh im in mbiadh, Laws i 180.6 Comm. ma ro chuindigh sí in biadh, ocus ... is e a fer ro gob im in mbiad, iii 550.14 ; 552.4 . doni eisinnroic don airchindech, mas e gabus uime, v 120.15 . duine do fédfadh maith do dénum ocus gabus uime gan a dénum, SG 40.33 . táinic in fer ros-buail (sc. in liathróit) ina diaidh. Rogab in cerd uimpi, the craftsman refused [to surrender] it, ZCP iv 240.10 . mad ro gabustar gataide im in fiadnaise if the thief withheld evidence, O'Curry 536 ( H 3.18, 265b ).

(2) Leg. distrains (in the matter of) : gaibead imme co n-ímcua `let him be distrained until he fences,' iv 128.4 = gaibet aire, O'D. 2180 ( Rawl. B 487, 66a2 ).

(3) Leg. makes good, compensates, condones (?) : o gebus iman fogail sin, Laws iv 16.13 Comm. foghal no fuaibread duine do denam, o bus cara no coibdeileach do no gebad uimpe, conad ínann do ocus no gabad budein ímpe, 16.18 Comm.

(4) adheres to (?) : mas tria comraiti rucustar ... in gu-breth (sic leg.) ocus ata ac gabail impi if he deliberately gave the false judgment and persists in it (?), Laws iii 304.8 .

(5) refl. dresses, arrays (oneself): lasse gabas immbi (gl. cum ... induerit), Wb. 13d22 . gabais Fráech immi cona muntir, TBFr. 351 ( LL 251b27 ). geib imut is imthigeom, SG 363.28 . Ériu v 156 , 178 . corragbat impu that they may dress, iii 100 § 24 .

(h) g.¤ in assails, belabours : ni gebthar inniut ... rotbia falti, RC viii 52.16 . tallsat in slaitt as a láim cor gabsat ina chend di, PH 3299 . gabhuid do ṡnáthaduibh i súilibh Lionóideach, Hy Fiach. 336.11 . gur ghabhadar da ngaothaibh ann, Keat. iii 3255.

(i) g.¤ la

(1) accepts, sides with, stands by : co ragbatar fir Alban leō ar connalbus, Otia ii 88.1 . gabhaim-si ... let (in answer to an offer of marriage), ZCP vi 283.3 . gab lind mar bar bfilidh féin, ii 348.19 . gin go gabhthasa leam, x 286.9 . gabhaidh Dia leis tar a locht `God forgives him spite of his sins,' A. Ó Dálaigh l.3 . feadh mo ghalair níor ghabh leam Pádraig ... P. did not help me, Dán Dé xiii 5 . ro ghabh an tír ... la Tepoitt, AFM vi 2012.28 . mo rí Gabhra an ngéabhadh lam, TD 12.11 . do ghabh ré n-a dhearbhráthair mar mhac `adopted ... as a son,' Keat. ii 5008 . gabhuimsi lé Pádraig (i.e. instead of the Reformers), Mac Aingil 4333 . prouensi ... gabhus le rīg na Fraingce, Fl. Earls 12.13 . Cf. 190.24 (fri).

(j) g.¤ oc (1) sets about, begins : ro gab ic fostud ... in t-ṡlúaig, TBC-LL¹ 470 ; ib. 1494 . gabaid oc neméle moir, ┐ oc aithrige, PH 814 . gabaidh ... ac snechta, SG 35.8 . gabhmaoid ... ag iompódh a intinne `we attempt ... diverting his mind,' TD 8.27 . (2) sides with, stands by ; passing into sense is partial to, lets off : gab got c[h]omarsain mad fann, ZCP vi 272.3 . dlegar ... co ro-gaba ... ic na fannaib, PH 4157 . a Césair ... ro gabhsum acut, CCath. 541 . sellach slan ... gaibes oca cach nirt ocus cach folud an onlooker (at a deed of violence) is exempt if he comes to their support (i.e. of the injured parties) with all his strength and substance, Laws i 242.7 . gabuid ac lucht mo cille, BCC § 277 . a thigerna, gab agum forgive me, ZCP vi 94.30 . TSh. 3593 . nach gabhann an bás ag druing ar bioth dona daoinibh (i.e. does not pass over), TSh. 50 . gur geb (v.l. gab) gá gáeithib | fúair gach fer a dháeithin díbh till he spared (?) his darts, IGT Decl. ex. 644.

(k) g.¤ ós gains supremacy over : mórrí ... ro gab os Herind, LU 4041 . ro gab ós Mide mongréid, Arch. Hib. ii 82 § 6.

VI Is used in combination with a number of nouns. See achmusán, áilges, aiss, athgabáil, cairdes (alliance), 1 cath, 1 cet, cíall, coinne, comairle, commairge, desimrecht, fáilte, flaithius, forbais, geis, gnáth, goim, 1 grád, 1 gráin, greimm, inad, lám, leithscél, maidm, merg (rust), nert (also trén, 1 treise), ríge, tech, 1 tír, tuinide.

Load More Results