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3 acht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 acht or dil.ie/202
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: eacht, echd

n stipulation, condition (specialisation of 1 acht? Cf. also 6 acht). Frequ. in phrase atá a.¤ (le) as a gloss on 1 a.: ata a.¤ and gurab gan dena neich is urrcuillte isin riaghail so Patraicc glossing a.¤ is gin coll cana Patraic do berar, Laws iii 388.4 Comm. a.¤ nad sui for culud . . . .i. achtaigim no ta a.¤ lium ann co na himpatur hí for culud . . ., 78.8 Comm. a.¤ arcuirethar anadh for athgabáil .i. ata a.¤ lium ann chena go . . .. O'Dav. 132 . ata a.¤ leam and cheana ┐ is ed robo em airechtain la sen, Auraic. 505, 2973 . as é a.¤ ar a b-fuilit siat d'á tabairt dóib this is the condition on which they are to surrender it to them, Hy Maine 160.y . ar an a.¤-sa ón uairsi amach / bead gan chéile gan chumthach, KMMisc. 244.17 . do fhaomhus a taphairt dó ar a.¤ fana fagháil slan . . . arís, Feis Tighe Chonáin 717 . le comhall . . . bhar ndísle le a achta feasta `for your fidelity to his injunctions'. Maguires of F. 64 . a.¤ na suadh dá leantar leis `if he would but keep the law of seers', Ó Bruad. ii 238.4 . Later also spelled eacht, echd: eacht 'a term or condition, an act or deed', P. O'C. gur chuir fuireann leo go hÉirinn...ar eacht go mbeidís... umhal dó, Keat. ii 1139, ii 5010 . tug E. ar na heachtaibh sin triúr ban dóibh 'upon those conditions', Keat. ii 1791 . ar gceangal ar na heachtaibh sin dóibh, Keat. iii 5024 . do cheannaidh [Críost] sin[n]...ar an echd ┐ ar an cconndar do thug- air Dia, Luc. Fid. 232.16 . gur chuir comhairle S. d'eacht ┐ d'forcongra ar an Iustís...an Rúta do thabhairt..., AFM v 1818 x . do bhí dh'eacht ar ó nE...deaghmholta cháigh do cheannuch, TD 31.12, cf. 9.17 . gach lánamhain díobh do roicheadh i n-eachtaibh ┐ i gconnarthaibh a chéile 'into treaty and contract', Keat. ii 3846 . do-rinne mé eacht rem ṡúilibh 'covenant', Job xxxi 1 . Cf. IGT Decl. § 95. ex. 1703 .

1 adrad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 adrad or dil.ie/533

 

u, later o, m. Vn. of 1 adraid. act of adoring, worshipping; adoration: dom a.¤ , Wb. 5a27 . a.¤ dǽ, 6d8 . etarcnae ṅdæ ┐ a.¤ gl. cultura [divina], Ml. 129c13 . ní fíra.¤ . . . bís leu du dia., 42a14 . mor do rat . . . du læri frit a.¤-su, 136c11 . adrada idal gl. profanitate, 49a23 . adartha gl. adorandi, 116b4 . occ t-a.¤-so, Wb. 5a25 . do a.¤ bachal `to worship Baal', 5a29 . dia molad ┐ dia a.¤ , Ml. 67b24 . conna dechsam i n-adradu idal, 62d1 . condechuid-som isna adradu hisin `so that he came to those adorations', 65d12 . o a.¤ ind idail áin, SR 7045 . conscerthar ar n-a.¤-ni ┐ ar ngentlecht, Trip.² 352 . sollamon n-adratha .i. Casc no Nollog, Laws v 398.11, 17 Comm. aes . . . adhartha idhul, Ériu ii 114 § 38 . lucht adhairthe an anma-so Iosa, Parrth. Anma 3913 . ar son a adhartha, DDána 37.42 . deuna gníomh adhraidh `make an act of adoration', Donlevy 406.2 . ag adhradh do Chrom Chruaidh, Keat. ii 1923 . In phrases. dia adartha: Coll, Cécht ┐ Grian fá déé adartha dhóibh, Keat. i 222.25 . asé is dia adhartha dhó `the god whom he worships', Marco P. 161 . do bheannaigeas dhōibh treasna dēibh adharthae, Feis Tighe Chonáin 167 . ail adartha rock of adoration: ail adrada (as a landmark), Laws iv 142.16 Comm. cranncor no airisem iman ailig nadhartha (as means of decision), O'Curry 2569 (Eg. 88, 48(49)a) = 2587 (49(50)d) with added comment: ar ni tualaing nech duine ro mestar fir d'anteist acht inti uma aici menma na nuile. Perh. a christian explanation of some heathen mode of divination (= incubation), Plummer MS. notes. fir n-airisme fri haltoir .i. in t-airismetu im ailig n-adartha, Laws v 470.34, 472.21 Comm. (where text has substituted the Christian analogue while the comment preserves the heathen aspect, Plummer). ?As n.loc. rocumsat a.¤ and conid de asbert A.¤ ingene Lūachāin, BColm. 18 § 17 .

aithrech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aithrech or dil.ie/2769

 

adj (See Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 134 , Vendr. Lex.). Always as predicate with copula. In Old Irish in two constructions.

(a) With copula and inf. pron.: nipadnaidrech a ndurairngert gl. sine penitentia enim sunt dona . . . Dei `what he has promised he will not repent of', Wb. 5c9 . is bæs intan dungni nech olc issid na.¤ fuchetoir, Ml. 90d12 . issinn a.¤ . . . a ndoringénsam risin fer we regret what we have done, TBFr. 245 . an sruith ruglan in conair / dīa domnaig badid n-aithreg he repented of it, ZCP iii 228.19 . batin aithrig is tír thall, Ériu i 68 § 3 . ? ropsam a.¤ isin ngním-sin, PH 702 . Exceptionally: intan as a.¤ ní du thabairt gl. quique mota sententia largiendi auertunt etc. lit. when it is regret? (`when he repents of giving some- thing'), Ml. 93a23 .

(b) With copula and prep. LA: nipa aidrech lib a fulang ye will not regret having suffered them (troubles, 2 Thessal. i 5 ), Wb. 25d9 . ní aidrech limm quod scripsi gl. non commisceri, 9b20 . nírbu a.¤ limsa, 16b6 . rap a.¤ leis a marbad, LL 287a45 . a.¤ lim-sa . . . mo deoraidecht, LB 134a19 . biaidh aimsir bhus aithreach libh `a time when thou wilt regret', TD 21.12 .

In more general construction: bid a.¤ a coll chid iartain, IT i 70.11 (LMU) asbert in ben ropad a.¤ ind ḟáboll. Dolotar cammae `their going would make them rue', Imr. Brain § 63 . bid a.¤ ón is iasacht `ye shall rue loan and lending', Metr. Dinds. iii 454.68 . menbad athber co nathlech / ni bad a.¤ ar comol, Ériu v 210.47 ( LL 14475 ). gan bheith le Dia is ann bhus aithreach, Dán Dé x 27 . With prep. DO: aithreach dhamh nach dearna mé / toil Íosa . . ., Dán Dé xiii 6 . as edh ón ná ba a.¤ do Coin-bretan `of this C. had no reason to repent', RC xxiv 48 § 5 . go ndearna . . . taom budh aithreach dá aigneadh `deed of which his heart might repent', TD 17.59 . Compar.: ni dernus ríamh gníomh as aithrighe lem ina sin `which I more repented than that', Ériu v 198.616 .

ar-cuilli

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-cuilli or dil.ie/4039

 

Forms: airchoillte

v (*ar-coll-)

(a) prohibits, forbids, bars, inhibits: cen lepaid aracuili liaig which a leech does not recognize, Críth G. 55 . feli napstal i samchorgos ni aurchoil som inn figill `he does not forbid the vigil', Mon. Tall. 145.15 (§ 48) . andand donetarrat míaccobar . . . ma atrocuil am menme nad cometesta dó if the mind forbids that one should indulge it(?), 151.11 (§ 62) . cid nocht-selaind i ndomnaigib . . . ni aurchaill he does not forbid it, Rule of Tallaght 3 . arcuilter he is forbidden (excluded from the community?), Ériu ii 208.4 (one who travels on Sunday).

Freq. in Laws (text) indicating (categories of) persons and things excluded from the operation of legal processes of various kinds: atait secht foruis . . . arachuille coir n-athgabala there are seven pounds for cattle which the legality of distraint excludes i.e. there are seven illegal pounds for cattle, Laws v 266.19 . secht treaba . . . ariscuille coir urnadhma aithne, 160.1 (i.e. valuables deposited in a kiln, a forge, etc. where they are easily destroyed do not come under the ordinary rules for `aithne'). atait secht treba . . . aracuille coir urnadma comloi[g]the, 166.1 .i. is urcuillti . . . do reir coir, 7 Comm. atat da fer dec . . . arroscuile cain otrusa `whom the law of nursing excludes', BCrólige 12 . atat .iii. tarsu[i]nn arachuile cain othrusa, 25 , cf. trí tharsuinn archuillet othras, Triads 184 . nach fer eclusa aracuile cain otrusa, BCrólige 20 . acht m[a] arachuille (sic leg. ?) cleircecht no enudha unless it does not apply because of his being in orders, Laws iii 62.5 . tri meich bracha cen on . . . ara-cuilli(u) eric do flaith three sacks of malt without a fault . . . which exempt from payment of a fine to a lord, ZCP xiv 354 § 11 ( Laws ii 250.1 ). Note further: ni airecht ardocuilli col mbél, col brethe, ZCP xii 364.14 . rotbia . . . acht aen ar[a]-cuillimm airiut `save one that I bar to thee', Ériu xvi 38.4 . na urcuilte[r] rath .i. fear aracuilter a rath amail druth ┐ mac beoathar, O'Curry 787 ( H 3.18, 367b ). ni urcuil Nae . . . is inti Cam, O'D. 971 (H 3.17, c. 679c). ni haile Apraham ara cuille galliud, O'Curry 2529 ( Eg. 88, f. 44(45)a ). ni ma n-urcoillead lanamnus a thing for which marriage was forbidden(?), Laws v 452.18 .

(b) ruins, corrupts(?): naro ercoillet do mifoltae tromthortha na tuath `lest thy misdeeds ruin the heavy fruits of the people', Ériu viii 173.17 (or as in (a)?). fri cech fiss ara-chuiliu corp ┐ anmain duini against every knowledge that corrupts(?) man's body and soul, Thes. ii 357.9 ( = Trip.² 3203 ).

? Vn. urcollud bith brug betha go banna, O'Dav. 312 . Part. airchoillte. Cf. aircholl, aurchail(l).

1 assa(e)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 assa(e) or dil.ie/4491
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: assa, máelassa

n io, m. IGT Decl. § 2 . shoe, sandal, slipper: assa gl. soccus, Sg. 22b9 (see Études Celt. xi 116 ). isin asa roboi fo cois deis, MacCongl. 125.1 . rolaad gille fomm assai `a gillie would take off my shoes', 69.30 . nutasigthe du gallasu gl. gallicas (= caligas) tuas, Thes. i 497.18 . is e no ṅgébad a assa imme, LU 364 (ACC). da assa co foraíb óir impu, 4513 . asso argait imm a cosa, Anecd. i 61 § 90 . se dubassi dóib ar crand, BDD 112 ( LU 7586 ). dochūadar ar n-asa hi fūal, Corm. Y 596 ; ar n-asai, Thr. Ir. Gl. 20.28 . assai immálli . . . etir a thraigthi ┐ talmain, LL 231a44 ( TTr. 1039 ). ? ní té dogrés cen assu (assai, assa, aisi v.ll.: maissi) `he must never go without sandals', Ériu iii 96 § 5 . ros ben a assa ┐ a broga de dia chossaib, LB 236a49 . ro tebrinn ola tria talmain . . . go ttainicc tara assa (brogaibh v.l.), BNnÉ 17 § 33 . taraill a asa oc dul isinn tech in comla, Ériu v 28.15 . i coirtgead da ban asu . . . da fer asa, Laws iv 148.19 . direnar dagassaib, Críth G. 232 . hais .i. broga, amail adeir senchus hasaib haccrandaib .i. asa degarimoind(?) ima cosaib, O'Dav. 1068 . cona assaib slemna . . . ima bunnu, MacCongl. 89.6 . calciatos sandalis .i. o assaib, RC viii 369.4 . asa .i. bróga, O'Cl. asa fionn cáonna um gach coll mossy covering, IGT Decl. ex. 122 . dlaí a.¤ a wisp put in shoes for comfort: aitherach dlui n-assa, Laws i 268.7 . Used in divination: ic tarchitul forsin dlái . . . fil imm asso, LU 4460 . berid ind ingen dloí ind assa colleic, 4465 . in fil in dloí isind assa?, 4472 . For compd. máelassa see 1 mael compds.

Cf. 2 as, assán.

báes, baís

Cite this: eDIL s.v. báes, baís or dil.ie/5136
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: baíse, báos, báois, báosa, báeis, báeise

n ā, f. (1 báeth). Also baíse [, f.]. báos m. g s. báois, báosa, IGT Decl. § 38 (87.17) . báeis f. g s. báeise, § 14 (69.1) .

(a) folly, levity; play, sport; frenzy: inna baise gl. hebitudenis, Ml. 33c2 . in ṁbáis gl. chebitudinem, 124c17 . mōr mbāis, . . ./ mōr coll cēille, ACL iii 215.y . na bid fri baisi ṁbeltrúaig, SR 3890 (to complaining Israelites). baes fomrig folly holds me back, IT iii 12 § 22. gabala báise cis lir ? . . . bretha díana, dúscud ferge, folabra gúach, Tec. Corm. § 14.1 . atái ar báis/a chléirigh ní chanai gáis, SG 26.41 . Cf. Dán Dé ix 8 . is mé ar baois ag caoineadh an áirdfhir distraught, Keat. Poems 423.

(b) Legal, incapacity, lack of judgment: cennib gaeth acht nis n-ellne a baes provided that his incapacity does not defile it (sc. his `fine'), Laws iii 54.5 . tre feirg forrain (leg. feirge forrán ?) sceo baisi buaidred, 112.3 Comm. [ g]aibiut baetha cachta indliged .i. is taidbsi baisi don fir cachtus . . ., ii 76.20 Comm. baes inna mbretheman nad inmedatar a ndalai dligidh, 130.16 Comm.

? baís(e) banapad: siachtatar .ui. haidhicha ina baisi banapadh `six `seds' is the extent of the fine for entertaining a proclaimed person unawares', Laws iii 60.3 Comm. aidech .i. cumal nó fiach slān do lāimh rathe .i. aidech sies teora aidecha ina baos ban-apad, O'Mulc. 102.

Attrib. g s. wanton, frivolous, sportive, playful, appertaining to play; frenzied: gebid a bunsaig ṁbáisi, TBC-LL¹ 888. rith báise a wild rush, 893 . taem báisi risin mbas-crann `the knocker had been smitten with frenzy', Ériu iv 116 § 25. comhrádh baísi, IGT Decl. ex. 633. amhail fhear baoise nó buainghealtachta, TSh. 5957. For phr. baire baíse, see 1 báire.

(c) wantonness, lust: ní ar báes nach ar báegul ro dalus-sae friss, IT i 127.4 = ní ar chul no amles . . ., LU 10769. nach ingen dogníd buís dar cenn aurnaidm, LL 37043. romet a bais intib 'very much lust in them', TBith.² 196 § 77 . baos .i. drúis, O'Cl.

As quasi-vn. an rí 's a rígan . . ./ ic baeis dōib ann, ic búaphud, BColm. 88.21 .

2 breccrad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 breccrad or dil.ie/50075
Last Revised: 2019

 

n o, m. (coll. of 2 brecc) trout : liontar long as a líon breacraidh (brecaid, v.l.) 'a ship is filled with their trout-net', Giolla Brighde 242 § 24 .

1 búar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 búar or dil.ie/7284
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: buar, buar

n o, n. (bó). b.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 96. Us. as coll. cows, cattle, herd(s): buar .i. ba, O'Cl. ealbha, b.¤, speil, tréud, Eg. Gl. 255. doria buar buara, O'Dav. 732. la buar búirech `bellowing cattle', Celtica vi 235 ( buire, Laws iv 20.6 ). dilsi buair, ibid. deichde a b.¤ , Críth G. 132. ba sé sin b.¤ Flidais, LU 1632 (see Heldensage 317). di maigib in búair, 4677 (TBC). cia beir b.¤ o thig Temrach ?, LL 1566. crich ḟer ḟind ḟoghlas bu buair, IT iii 88 § 104. an cheall guna b.¤ bennach, BNnÉ 287.5 . ar cúl a mbó ┐ a mbuair, AFM iii 222.15 .

Of hosts of people : a Fíachaig Find búair fherda | do-rochair rí roEmna 'by Fíachu Find of a manly host did the king of great Emain fall', Three Historical Poems 154 q. 128c-d . buar namat, RC xvii 137.17 'a host', Contribb. 285. b.¤ súad .i. airchetla beca ara tabraiter bae do suid, RC xxvi 22 § 66.

Less freq. in pl.: ro ir dam . . . .x. mbuair (mbuar, v.l.) .i. cáirigh nó gabhair nó dairt, Ériu ii 4.10 . .ui. buar `six cows', Laws iii 60.4 Comm. imad buar , YBL 174a8 . bō-ghéimnech na mbuar, ML² 1172.

Compds. búar-brat cattle-spoils , Metr. Dinds. iii 82.72 . ¤cholt, see 1 colt. fa bhúarghraighibh, Hy Maine 141.5 . um bhuairsbré, DDána 118.29 .

C

Cite this: eDIL s.v. C or dil.ie/7490

 

Forms: c

the third letter of the Irish alphabet, and in the Ogam alphabet the fourth letter in the second or h-group, see Auraic. 1182 , IGT Introd. § 4. Irish name 1 coll hazel , q.v.

As regards doubling, phonetic value (presence and absence of voice), lenition and nasalization parallel with t, q.v.

For confusion of lenited ch with th see t. Lenited ch also alternates with lenited g, especially in final position, GOI 78 , 83 .

On the group -cht, which normally resists palatalization, see GOI 76 , 89 , 101 , 135 , 224 and Ériu xii 231 - 2 .

Ir. c originates in IE *k, *kw (Ogham Q), *g (before t, ṡ), GOI 92 , 114 ; *p (before t), 139 ; *nk, 126 ; in Lat. c, qu, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 227 , 230 ; and in W. c, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 23.

In composition voiceless c is found in trócar < tróg + car, frecor < *fret + cor, beiceann < beag + ceann, maiceal < mac + geal, etc., see GOI 86 - 7 , IGT Introd. §§ 25 , 46 , 48 , 103 (see Éigse iii 66 ); voiced c in tecnate < teg + gnáth + de, frecre < *fret-gaire, ac(c)aldam < *ad-gládam, ecal < *eks + gal.

cáenna

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cáenna or dil.ie/7636

 

Forms: cúnna, cáonna

n cúnna, cáonna m., IGT Decl. § 2 . Cf. cúanu. moss : coénna nucis gl. putamen nucis, PCr. 36b ( Thes. ii 226.38 ). gerr go mbia . . . meóir thiomchaola an troighidh / fa fhionnchaonna ar ulaidh, ZCP ii 585.2 . mar chaonna (caenda, v.l.) fhionn mhaoth mhona sphagnum moss , Skene, Celtic Scotland iii 420.20 . ar fholt mar chaenda ma ceand, Magauran 1003 . glasa na cráobha os a ccionn / asa fionn cáonna um gach coll , IGT Decl. ex. 122 . fíacla máela ag mac an spirait / mar c.¤ ṡlat bfidhaid bfinn, ex. 408 .

2 caill

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 caill or dil.ie/7743

 

x see 2 coll .

cáin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cáin or dil.ie/7786
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: cānae, cánanda, cánann

n i, f. Later also with dental and velar inflection. Note also g s. cānae, Cáin Ad. 48 . IGT Decl. § 201 . n p. cánanda, ibid. g p. cánann, ex. 2162 . See Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 193 , O'Brien, Celtica iii 172 .

Law, regulation, rule; fine, tax, tribute. Precise legal significance difficult to define. Appar. regarded as statute law (a law imposed by a king, perh. by an over-king) or by the church ( Ériu xii 69 , Ir. Hist. Stud. xiii 101 - 3 ) in contrast to aurradus customary law. It is always more severe than the latter, ZCP xiv 339 . See Cóic Con. pp. 65 - 66 . Frequ. glossed by ríagail ( Laws ii 222.3 Comm. etc.). The wider meaning written law undoubtedly derived from the numerous monastic ordinances issued in the 8th cent., Thurn. ZCP xviii 396 . By annalists appar. equated with lex (see AU 733 , 736 , 766 and Index s.v. Law). In legal commentary, denotes the law as recorded in old books in contradistinction to aurradus which denotes current law ( The Irish Jurist xxxiii 359 , Literature and Politics in the Celtic World 199-200 , Ériu lii 136 n. 39 ).

(a) law as a system, set of regulations : c.¤ a canoine .i. regula , O'Mulc. 200 . cis lir cain i tir, na bi imaclaid la Feine?, Laws v 480.8 . ro suigideadh (? leg. for-suidigthea) na cana so o tosach domain, 480.22 . ata[a]t .iii. cáini (caine, MS.) nad chumgat comarbai do chumscuchud `there are three rules (servitudes) which heirs are not capable of changing i.e. three types of servitude to which one's land may become subject by adversative prescription', Ériu xvii 68 § 9 and note. c.¤ cach uisci thairidne .i. riagail inn uisce . . . , § 8 . comdire cach fri aroile i nnos chana, BCrólige 5 and note. it cetheora arag . . . fris-tobngiter na ceithri aur[r]athais: athgabail fri brat[h]a Cai, giall fri cain, etc., Bürgschaft 75.16 . adarbetar a cain ┐ rechtgi echtca sin, O'Mulc. 368 . Of the regulation for exacting satisfaction for injury (see (b) below): techta cana caich la derbfine .i. dliged na riagla tobaig caich, Ir. Recht 34 § 36 . fer cána the cáin lawyer: ca heiric bhias i nguairiuga[dh] cána, uair nar innis fer cána éiric inn i c.¤ , O'D. 873 ( H 3.17, c. 626 ). In phr. luige cána, see 1 luige. Contrasted with aurradus (see above): deithbirugh[ad] itir c.¤ ┐ urradus (one of the qualifications of a brehon), O'D. 925 ( H 3.17, 657 ). diablad coirpdire urradais sin, ┐ a da cutruma in diablad corpdire cana, Cóic Con. 38 § 51 . is doib do r[or]macht cain do cach duine da fuil airem eneclainne ar cumalaib i n-urradus, 50 § 97 . noco nfuilit ree nanta re athgabhala cána amhuil atá re athghabhála urradhuis, O'D. 621 ( H 3.17, c. 461 ) (see further under aurradus). Distinguished from cairde: imdích dliged a chéle cintaib cuir, c.¤, cairddi[u] co neoch atallen `he defends the rights of his clients in regard to liabilities arising from contract, written law and treaty(?)', Críth G. 340 and note. muna tabri c.¤ no cairde, BCrólige 43 and note. deichniubar aice ac denum cana ┐ cairde (of the aire désa), O'Curry 2057 (H 4.22, 64a). issed . . . doberar do . . . ar a chain, ar a chairde, ar a rechtnge, Laws v 520. 5 . See further under cairde.

Note further (from non-legal texts): is hí . . . cāin robūi . . . la Bretna: in biodba inna chinaid do neoch forsesed a chāin nō forūasnadfad a chāin, Corm. Y 883 ( Anecd. iv 76.3 ). ní duaichnid is í in ch.¤ ro mebaid and in tan ro gabad for loscad in tíre, BDD² 243 . hi ṅgíallnae nár choillet ith na blicht i nHérind tara ch.¤ téchtae, 921 . ar febus na cána ┐ in tṡída, 607 (of prosperous reign). is coll geisi ┐ cána dam-sa inní sin (the Paschal fire), Trip.² 448 . cia chollit araile in cánaid sea, LB 203b56 . ní dlig laech a enecland dia mbé i n-écmais a arm. conid c.¤ midlaig no ndlig fon samail sin law applying in the case of the m.(?), LU 6156 (TBC). ro leasaiged . . . fo chain lesaighthi, RC xliii 114 § 120 . c.¤ dilguda i.e. (Christian) doctrine of forgiveness, LU 9747 . foclaim rim chain is rim chubus / . . . na roaerus duine remhe by my troth, IT iii 86 § 89 . do fhregair in sámaid sin / a cánaib is a caingnibh, SG 69.18 . ón lá do cailleadh do ch.¤ when Thy law was broken (of the offence of Adam), Dán Dé xxviii 17 . In phrase do-gní c.¤ fri makes a law regarding: dogēna cāin fri banscāla, ACL iii 231.20 .

In names of particular laws or titles of tracts: is a Senchas Mar ro airletha na cetheora cano:— cain iarraid, cain saerraith, cain aicillne, cain lanamnussa techta, Laws i 40.21 . cain lanamna, ii 342 ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 2 ). c.¤ aigillne, ZCP xiv 338 ff. cain airlicthe, Laws v 370.9 . cain dornn cliath, 474.13 .i. riagail na cleithi donither o'n durn, in cathcliath, 476.16 Comm. cain ona, 368.9 . cain othrusa `rule of nursing', BCrólige 25 . amail atberr a Cain techta bered darba, O'Dav. 629 = beridh darbha, muchaidh ainbḟios, etc., Ériu xiii 39.12 . in cain einech, 13.14 . ite na filidh do-bongad cain n-enech, 23 . In eccles. contexts: at éat so ceithri cána Erenn .i. cain Patraic gan [n]a chleirchiu do marbad, ┐ caín Adamnáin gan [n]a mna do marbad, Cain Daire ga[n] bú do marbad, ┐ Cain domnaig can toirimtecht etir, Fél. 210.31 ( Keat. iii 1705 ). forus chano Patricii hi Cruachnibh la Dubdaleithi `promulgation of the law of P.', AU i 258.5 (782). is i so tra in Cain Patraic, Laws i 18.1 . cutruma cumal cana Padraicc ┐ cumal cana Cormaic, O'Curry 577 ( H 3.18, 287 ). cain fuithribe, Laws iii 60.4 Comm. rith cana Patraic . . . r. c.¤ Diarmada . . . r. c.¤ boileachta . . . r. c.¤ Adamnain, O'Curry 2132 (H 4.22, 87b). mad iar gc.¤ Adamhnain, O'D. 673 ( H 3.17, 493b ) i.e. if the suit is brought under the law of A. (as oppd. to mad iar gc.¤ i.e. ordinary law), Plummer MS. notes. conid sí cētchāin lāithir for nimh ┐ for talmain Cāin Adomnāin, Cáin Ad. 21 . brithimain cānae Adomnān, 37 . bendacht . . . for anmain Adamnán . . . / rolā cāin forsna clanna, Thes. ii 306.4 (Hy. i). crannaig cana Darí ┐ Moling, O'Curry 343 ( H 3.18, 191 ). ni fil dithach .i. cain Dari .i. cain boslechta dia mbe tuarasdal cana Patraic ag nech, 2577 ( Eg. 88, 48 (49)d ). C.¤ Domnaig, title of tract on the observation of Sunday, Anecd. iii 21 = Ériu xx 151 .

(b) legal due, tribute : commotatio martirum Petir ┐ Poil ┐ Phatraicc ad legem perficiendam i.e. to exact the `cáin', AU i 188.12 (see further Index s.v. law ). conid desin dliges Ciaran cana coidcenda fo Erinn, YBL 171b12 . oc denamh a chana levying his tribute, Anecd. ii 12.13 . fo chánaibh Chiaráin, AFM ii 1096.8 . maor cána Adhamhnáin, 620.20 . LU 9376 . fó óenmám ┐ fo chís ┐ fo ch.¤ , LL 116 . commeít a ḟeraind . . . gan ch.¤ . . . gan ecendáil, 10073 ( TBC-LL¹ 3029 ). tucadh . . . a chana dligid do C. . . . nai fichit bo . . . , RC xliii 12 § 5 . co tuc caín esti, RC xvii 402.10 (Tig.). co nderna . . . c.¤ for cach tūeth, ZCP viii 316.20 . fer cāna a tributary(?), xv 336 § 28 . c.¤ ar na cnoibh tax on nuts, Aithd. D. 1.24 . ní cíos a-mháin ar Mumhain / bhíos acht c.¤ Í Chonchubhair, 7.12 . tug iomad maoine ┐ mórchánach as (of Armagh), Keat. iii 2974 . ó initt go caisg gan c.¤ / acht madh páin ┐ bioror `without (receiving) tribute save only bread and cress', ZCP i 64 § 105 . ní thabair cóir ina gcána / cóir Danair dá rádha rú, IGT Decl. ex. 2163 . fáoigfidh leth a gcos ad chána / dá mbeth cros gach ágha d'fir, ex. 49 . c.¤, dubhchíos no custum, Ezra vii 24 . fuagraim oruibh cain bhrisde focal penalty fine for breaking one's word, Luc. Fid. 4341 . Atonement (esp. of Christ's a. for Adam's sin): emenda .i. c.¤ , Ir. Gl. 98 . crann díola croinn na cána, Aithd. D. 88.3 . an té do choill an gcánaigh, A. Ó Dálaigh xiii 1 . ag so dhuit, a Dhia . . . / . . . an chalann 'n-a cánaigh féin, DDána 62.13 . íc ruibh do chuid don chánaidh / d'ḟuil Ádhaim duid a Dhúilimh, IGT Decl. ex. 2164 . Note also: mar ch.¤ an pheacaidh, Donlevy 348.23 .

In phrase cen ch.¤ (cheville): na ceil orm innis cen chain / ca lín dofaeth dom deslaim, RC xxiii 420.9 . can ch.¤ , LL 4381 . Cf. cain .i. cainte, O'Curry 94 ( H 3.18, 66 ).

1 call

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 call or dil.ie/8054

 

x see 1 coll .

ceirnín(e)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ceirnín(e) or dil.ie/8498

 

n (cern) dish, plate : cernēne .i. mīas, sicut dixit Corpri mac Etaine: `cen coll for crib cernīne', Corm. Y 294 = cen colt for crib cerníne `without food quickly on a dish', RC xii 70.10 . cerníne .i. miasa beaga no cláir bheaga, O'Cl. (with same citation). sernais in ceirnín bōi ic B. ic imdítin a thāib, ZCP viii 104.16 .

ceólach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ceólach or dil.ie/8702

 

adj o, ā (ceól) lit. musical, melodious , but loosely applied and appar. confined to verse. Of persons: do'n chóiciur cheoluch, SG 382.34 . i cill Ch. cheolaigh, LL 6164 . cuire . . . ceolach, DDána 122.15 . 'ga bhais cheolaigh, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 342.13 . Other applications: lucht ceara ceolaigh, IT iii 87 § 95 . sealbh an bhaile caoim-cheolaigh, BNnÉ 221.1 . ocon chrunn ceolach, Snedg. u. Mac R 11.13 . duodecem calaind cheolach, AU i 394.8 . in cath ceolach, RC xvii 157 ( Tig. 586 ). cosin coibleid céolaigh, Gorm. 27 . fail coll n-écsi n-ilcheolach, LL 20499 ( Metr. Dinds. iii 286.z ). As subst. ? L. a siúr nar ch.¤ cnocc, LL 17140 ( RC xlvii 308 ). docer in ceolach cét crech / M., 15759 . mná an cheolaidh, BNnÉ 220.22 . in ceolach Boirc[h]i na mBeand, Ériu x 81 § 51 .

cerbad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cerbad or dil.ie/8743

 

Forms: cirrbedh, cirrpheadh, -idh, cirrfeda

vn. of cerbaid. IGT Verbs § 67 . cirrbedh, § 82 . cirrpheadh (g s. -idh), Decl. § 11 (p. 55.17). n pl. cirrfeda, Fen. 66.18 .

(a) act of hacking, lacerating, cutting (off): oca n-argain ┐ oca c.¤ , Ériu viii 174.y . ilpesti ithfrinn do beith ac cnam ┐ ac cerrbad na n-anmann, RC xxviii 320 § 39 . a chloidem cruaid le ciorrbad, SG 260.17 . c.¤ ┐ coimletradh, BB 419a49 . na coll[a ar] na cirrdhubad, ZCP xiii 172.10 . Ailill Molt . . . / fúair a cherbbad la Crimthand (i.e. his death), LL 7071 . R. . . . do marbad ┐ do chirrbad ann `was mutilated', Ann. Conn. 1350.3 . dé tánuig ciorbhadh a chnis, O'Hara 25 (: ionnramh). fuair Feargal ar na fleadhaibh / a chearbhadh do chuailleadhaibh, IGT Verbs ex. 590 . an ciorrbhadh cinidh cutting off, bringing to an end, TSh. 5512 .

(b) Fig. ón chiorrbhadh do-bheirdís orra féin mortification (of ascetics), TSh. 2267 . tré chiorrbhadh cuirp, 191 . ciorrbhadh na faoisidneach, 1705 . go bfuil sí ar n-a cíorbadh is diminished (of the Church), Eochairsg. 8.33 . do chlaoidh nó chiorrbhúghadh to diminish (in reputation), Párl. na mB. 98 .

1 cét-

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cét- or dil.ie/8866
Last Revised: 2013

 

ord. num. prefixed to nouns, adjj. and verbs. In later lang. us. with palatalized -d before palatal initials: mar an gcéidfhear (: éidear), PBocht 13.36 . an céidchion, DDána 21.15 . `When preceded by the art. it is occasionally lenited even before a masc. noun', Párl. na mB. Gloss .

(a) With nouns first and allied meanings (early, original, proto-, primary, primal, former, first-mentioned, aforesaid, foremost). `With more or less of a technical connotation in many cpds.', Laws Gloss. (with list). See also ZCP i 315 - 6 . is hé in cét sians didiu gl. duplex . . . sensus, Ml. 36a32 . do aitrius ar cet-choggbala, Vita Br. 28 . dochetadbur nandule, SR 22 . i cétaidchi `on the first night', Thes. ii 320.6 (Hy. ii). cedra (= cétráth) cairdi, Ir. Recht 9 § 12 `ein Bürge für einen Vertrag mit einem auswärtigen Stamm', 11 . cét rath cacha selba, O'Dav. 1374 . mād cētchin a first crime, Cáin Ad. 42 . na n-iach cétṡnáma first-run salmon, SCano 12 (see Ériu xi 86 , xii 244 ). a saillméth do sainmesaib ┐ a chētbairgein lethmech (perquisites of a monk), ZCP vi 271.21 . isīsin cétben díb ruc hí, BColm. 52.20 . go céidféil Muire to the feast of the Annunciation, ZCP x 18.16 . don chetfóit `the surface-sod', RC xiii 454 § 48 . hi cētāin cēt(h)gaimrid November, ZCP xii 235 § 51 (cf. AFM i 524.3 ). sicc romor isin cetgemred, Ann. Conn. 1251.13 . cīa cétliaigh robūi ind-Ēirinn ar tús ríam?, ZCP viii 105.12 . ? Mac duine / timghair aithe a mhaoeine, / Mac Dē nimhe nī maithi / a cēdmaoine cach laithe, ZCP xii 296.6 . cetpearsu uathaid `I person singular', Auraic. 304 . cetfear illda `I person plural', 307 . i comdāil a cēttserci, BColm. 90.25 . cētshercus ēcmaise, MacCongl. 3.21 . cetlong in betha .i. Argo `foremost', TTebe 1941 . cetblegon a bó biestings, Cog. 48.18 . gach ced arc is gach ced uan (a due), Hy Maine 13.8 . cétbunni darach, TBC-LL¹ 563 `prime oak sapling', TBC-LL² 457 . sna céid-ṡlighthibh `from the start', Content. x 22 . isin dara cét lá deidenach don ré `on the second last day of the term', Laws iv 136.1 Comm. an ced long triallfus tar tuind the next ship, Prolegomena 42 § 11 . na cédchirt the above-mentioned words, IGT Decl. § 41 . rún an chéid-fhir (: éigin) the first man, the former (of the figure in the apologue as distinguished from him to whom the moral is applicable), Dán Dé vi 33 . 's í ar gcaitheamh a céadaoise being past her youth, v 28 . mar chéadshaimhghréin, DDána 114.12 `as early summer sun', Ir. Monthly 1920, 164 . do shlānughadh na bpeacthach, darab eadh mise do chēuddaoinibh of whom I am chief, Parrth. Anma 4933 . mo chéid-gin firstborn, Jeremiah xxxi 9 . is na cedlaithibh do mís September, AFM vi 2138.7 . croide gacha cédmacáim `striplings at this their first essay', Caithr. Thoirdh. 45.34 . mar aon chéad-bhean wife, Keat. Poems 980 (cf. cétmuinter). trí cét leitreachaib gach aen focail initials, O'Gr. Cat. 287.14 . coll cétingen (? sic leg.) = jus primae noctis the deflowering of the first maidens, the first deflowering of the maidens, Comp. CC 64 § 88 .

(b) Rarely with adjj.: tri prímlaích . . . it é cétlíatha turning grey, LU 7699 ( BDD 128 ). trícha casbrat cetluaitte (cet[ḟ]uaiti, v.l.), Leb. Cert.² 355 . i cet ceptha . . . cet urlum . . . lan urlum roughed out . . . beginning to be ready (stages in manufacture of a millstone), Laws i 188.23 Comm. ar slog Conaill ced-guinig first to wound (inflicting 100 wounds?), MR 146.20 . Cas Cētgomnig lasrachētgabtha comgni, ZCP viii 302.29 .

(c) With verbs first, for the first time (cf. ceta-, cétnae): cach n-æn rochet aitreb Banbai, Dinds. 78 ( RC xv 478 ). Adam . . . / cīa cétguth rocétlobair?, ZCP iv 235.19 . ra cétṡnaidit . . . na clairsin those planks were roughly trimmed, LL 30945 (TTr.); 'those planks were hewn down' Celtica xii 192 . la side rochétecbad corthe, ZCP viii 303.2 . an ceart do chéid-lean, A. Ó Dálaigh lv 24 . tar ar chēidshil d'fhoil Íosa in addition to the blood He had already shed, Dán Dé xx 28 . do cetloit Tuathal Constapla na nGall in the first place, to begin with(?), Ann. Conn. 1225.24 . gur ab ó cloinn iarla cloinne R. ro chéd sholathair sé bél atha na sluaiccheadh, AFM v 1814.z .

With vnn. maróca 'arna cétberbad parboiled, MacCongl. 67.20 . ic cetcheppad chlár, LL 30949 (TTr.) `rough-hewing', Plummer MS. notes. ronnit a cētraind tīre hísein they make their first division of land, Ériu iii 141.211 . cet-chruthugadh na cruinne, MR 98.15 . Adam in cet-chrutta, LB 225a44 . do cétchesad na pecthach sin, RC xxvi 148 § 28 .

cétneithib

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cétneithib or dil.ie/8948

 

n (d p.) (1 cét- + 2 ní): cuimhnigh dona céidneithibh / ar mbeannaichtne do dháil dó to begin with (to a letter), Ir. Review 1913, 623 § 6 . do chéidneithibh do ghell críosd, etc. in the first place (imprimis), Ó Héodhusa 34.1 . 38.4 . gabhus an tiarrla do cedneitip agcend an giusdis, Univ. Coll. Oxford MS 103, 53r9 .

1 cith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cith or dil.ie/9259

 

Forms: cetha

n u, m. g s. cetha. ceatha, fros, Eg. Gl. 176 . ? Cf. cet .i. tonn, O'Curry 125 ( H 3.18, 75c ).

Shower. Of rain, hail, snow: ra c.¤ snechtaide, LL 24909 . na cet[h]ae dluit[h]e `close . . . showers', CCath. 4953 . cid dogni cithu gaeth cain?, SR 7919 . ceatha troma / do-níd tonna Th., CF² 1454 = cithi crom, Acall. 861 v.l. cith cloichsnechta, Stair Erc. 1551 . ceatha díothchuir na díleand, Celt. Rev. x 139.x . dubhadh ceatha dark shower-cloud, DDána 27A.11 . re hucht an cheatha do chor before the rain fell, 75.22 . c.¤ mor do ferthain, Ann. Conn. 1251.11 . fearthain an chetha íṡin, AFM v 1678.8 .

Of other objects: ós chethaibh fían forngaire `commanding clouds of warriors', Metr. Dinds. iv. 216.8 . cetho aodho ona mbelaib (of monsters), Aisl. Tond. 100.7 . cosmhail re ceathaibh gelclúmh . . . na srotha cubhracha, CF² 43 . cioth fola, AFM i 550.z . coimhlíonmhar ré cioth mionchuiléog (of plague of frogs), Mac Aingil 899 . Of missiles of all kinds: cetha nemhe . . . do shaighdibh, CCath. 1961 . cetha comóra cloch, Fianaig. 90.6 . In sense of abundance: clár milis go gceathaibh cnúais `with showers of fruit', SGS iv 140 § 14 . saor mo chlí ó ch.¤ na bpeacadh (`mist'), A. Ó Dálaigh xvii 1 . Prov. comrith re ceathaib (of foolish decision), MR 234.9 . nírbho coim ria ccioth do Aodh Ua D. a elúdh shelter from a shower i.e. a change for the better, Hugh Roe² 16.1 . AFM vi 2140.21 .

In vaguer sense trial, hardship, battle, etc. (frequ. with cath): c.¤ .i. crúaidh, H 3.18, 520 . cethern . . . c.¤ cath ┐ orn orgain, Corm. Y 295 . cen chíthu cess, SR 6047 . cen chithu cruth, 683 . cen ch.¤ cen chath, 1779 . c.¤ nó chrúas `trouble or danger', Metr. Dinds. ii 36.21 . nístrāeth cath nā c.¤ `battle or distress', BColm. 32.16 . daria M. . . . / maise gréine tre ciotha, BNnÉ 193.6 = tar cithu, SG 152.14 . nis fil galar isin bith / na c.¤ na cuirfe for cul, LB 237 marg. inf.

Compds. With nouns. cith-anfhethna na haidhchi `shower-storms', CCath. 1926 . cith-anfad . . . gan foscad, MR 236.19 . truime a ciothbhraon, Studies 1921, 417 § 1 . ciothghalchleas sneachta blizzard(?), ITS v 118.y . na cithnella neme, LU 6464 (TBC). is cealgach croidhe an ciothshluagh, Measgra D. 55.47 . mur shín ag cor chithshneachta, O'R. Poems 54 .

With adjj. tar cholbhadhaibh . . . cioth-bhorba na g-cuan` ML 46.28 . fa'n cithluaithi coll `on which are shower-shaken hazels', Hy Fiach. 194.2 . sruth cithmhear cas, Aithd. D. 61.16 ( ACL iii 235.2 ). a craes in c[h]uain cithmoir, KMMisc. 314.16 . in coire cith-rúad `with its red spray', Metr. Dinds. iv 82.42 .

With adjj. derived from nouns. tar an muir . . . ccithainbhthenaigh ` storm-swept ', BS 100.6 . sreatha a ghéag cceathbhraonach ` dewy ', Studies 1920, 99 § 13 . an ciachbrat corr-néalach cioth-mhuirnioch `showery', ML 102.27 . circaill cithneimneach cláriarnaighi (of warrior's mail suit), CF² 933 .

cned

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cned or dil.ie/9740
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: cnedh

n ā, f. cnedh f., IGT Decl. 39 (91.16) . wound, etc.: glas na cneid (a s.) `discoloration nor sore', Bretha 24 .i. dub, n. cen cneid ngalair `without ailing wound' (of virgin-birth), Blathm. 4 . logh othrusa na cneidhe, Laws ii 32.z Comm. c.¤ o failiugadh suas . . . c.¤ o fuiliughadh sís a bleeding wound . . . a livid bruise(?), iii 138.9 , 12 Comm. nach cnead be[s] slan re mesaib, iv 48.14 . ic dígail ar c.¤ , LU 9903 . a cluche c.¤ `game of wounds' (funeral rites), Metr. Dinds. iii 50.35 . co cneid wounded, LL 375b25 . Adam con-immud achnéd (: dognéth), SR 1410 ( Wortk. 37 suggests athchned). ba chnedaib Crist zounds! PH 7324 . bel na cneidi the mouth of the wound, Rosa Angl. 240.z . ar seán gcneadh `propitiously', Content. xxx 31 . Coll.: sgaoilidh cneadh a cuibhrighibh wounds burst from their bandages, LBranach 859 . a lan cneidi ┐ galair, Stair Erc. 2505 . Note also: an c.¤ darub aimn sginannsia, Mackinnon Cat. 33.11 . don cneidh chléibh `abscess in the side', O'Gr. Cat. 274.30 . leighis cneadha m'anma (addressed to Christ), DDána 13.5 . ? Of an incision made by a surgeon: dena cned eile fan innas cédna don taib tis 'make another incision in the same way lower down' Celtica xvii 116 § 10 .

In phr. is c.¤ la: antan . . . nach c.¤ libh bar mbráithri . . . do beith hir-retaib forbasaibh `ye do not deem it . . . sad', RC xxv 392.17 . c.¤ lem an lúathglacadh (of passion of Christ), ZCP viii 205.29 . Prov. ag codlad ar a cneid sen ignoring her (i.e. Ireland's) troubles, O'Gr. Cat. 479.5 . do choideóladh sé ar mo chneidh, Dánta Gr. 46.31 .

Compds. at cuala . . . cnead-osnadhach comeigin Congail `loud groans', MR 260.9 . See also cneidṡicne. With adj.: roineimh na gcló gcneadharsaidh `of the wounds inflicted . . . of old', Aithd. D. 65.18 .

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