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? airceng

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? airceng or dil.ie/1668

 

ind a bail ata colpach ar a.¤ `under cure', Laws iii 362.25 Comm. , 364.3 Comm. = ar oircenn, O'D. 1970 ( Eg. 90 fo. 10(11)a ). ar oircenn, O'Curry 1778 (23 Q 6, p. 38b).

1 collaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 collaid or dil.ie/10506

 

n (unlenited -d) heifer : cosmhuil . . . ré colluid bhréaghdha (heifer), Jeremiah xlvi 20 . colluid, colpach, seachbhuidh, a heifer, a cow, Eg. Gl. 187 . collaidh `a two-year old heifer', O'R.

1 colp(th)ach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 colp(th)ach or dil.ie/10534

 

Forms: calpach, calptach

n ā, f. (colp(th)ae) yearling heifer (c.¤ ḟirenn yearling bull(ock)): sēt gabla . . . dartait firend ┐ colpac[h] bonend, nō colpach (colpdac, MS.) firend ┐ dartaid boinend, Corm. Y 209 . méit chori cholbthaige cechtar a dá glune, LU 6952 (BDD). teoir colp[d]acha firenna, Críth G. 371 (colpacha, colp̄dai, MSS.). imtoin[g] colpdaig nó a lóg, 42 . commet re colptaig mbliadne, RC xxvi 136 § 10 . airigh feada: . . . colpach ina ngablaib a c.¤ as a fine for cutting . . . , Laws iv 146.23 . colpach ocht scribuill . . . colpach se screpoll, v 172.2 , 4 Comm. ina gcolpacha no ina samaisce ro gadagh iat ┐ ina mbuaib mora ro haibreadh iat, O'Curry 2157 ( Eg. 88, 4 ). dairt cethri screpaill ┐ colpach ocht screpaill, ┐ samaisc da screpall dec, O'Curry 1266 ( H 3.18, 513 ). i cind trí mbliadan . . . laígh na cétbliadna, samaisc iat isin bliadhain dédenaigh ┐ laígh na bliadna medonaighe colbpada [iat] isin bliadhain dédhenaigh ┐ laigh na bliadna dedenaige dairti iat i cinn na bliadna sin, O'D. 930 - 1 ( H 3.17, 658b ). ag cach dini dairt ┐ colpach ┐ samaisc, 930 (ibid.). samaisci ┐ colpacha . . . .i. minchethra, Laws i 190.7 Comm. colpdach . . . nó a llóg isí unga chána domnaig insin, Ériu ii 208 § 30 . acolbthach acendach ndaim (as term of contempt), IT iii 69 § 12 . calpach gl. juvenca, Ir. Gl. 164 . calptach gl. bínna, 162 . damogam .i. tarb ar aicmi bethi . . . colpthach firenn ar aicmi . . . muine, BB 311a12 . lailiucha na colpacha ina ré (of a good king), CF 73.9 . colpach bhainnean, Numbers xix 2 . `colluid, colpach, seachbhuidh, a heifer, a cow', Eg. Gl. 187 . Applied to an older beast: colpach thri mblíadhan d'aóis, Gen. xv 9 . In sobriquet: Mac Cuirr na cColpthach, AFM ii 1110.3 .

c.¤ trín calf worth one-third of full-grown cow: tri colpthacha trin ar boin, Ir. Recht 13 § 14 n.9 . colpach trin bó, O'D. 245 ( H 3.17, 197 ). Cf. colp[ta] trín ┐ da cholpthaigh cethraime, Ériu xiii 45.13 .

By extension: colpach capuill `a colt', AU iii 310.17 . calpach doim (of a deer), Acall. 6712 v.l.

See leth compds.

cráeb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cráeb or dil.ie/12707
Last Revised: 2013

 

n ā, f.

(a) branch, bough; sprig; rod, wand; post : ni cech cnú fociṅg dia croíb, LL 19134 . etir moin céir ┐ craib, 34903 ( MU² 463 ). co tuca chroíb dam din chaírthend, Fraech 194 . aithsceinm craibi tar ais, Laws v 156.14 . colpach ína ngablaib, dairt ina craebaib, iv 146.23 (see gabul). craeb . . . olachraind, TTebe 2007 . crāeb ola, ACL iii 238 § 8 . as craobh ria na bláth écc ind ḟir hisin (prov. of untimely death), AFM ii 1114.13 . Cf. ni coilte cra[eb] r[ian]a bláth, Éigse ii 184 § 5 ( LL 374c28 ). léiccis cráobha . . . lécciss coilcthi (? branches strewn for bedding. Poss. w.r.t. bracken or heather branches or perhaps a wooden (or wickerwork) bed-frame , Ériu xxvi 95 ), ZCP viii 198 §§ 16 , 17 . fo chiamhair chraobh `among the gloom of branches', BS 24.13 . craeb sidha a laim gach aeinfir dibh olive-branch , ZCP vi 48.9 . atait 5 craoba ar in luibh so springs, ACL i 332.60 . an té do-ní craoibh don chnaoi (viz. God), DDána 42.30 . is amlaid documlai in mac ┐ craeb airgdide uaso . . . Craeb óir . . . uasna ollamnaib. Craeb umai úasna filedaib archena a golden wand, LL 24227 . Cf. bun(n)sach. craobh conaire signpost , LBranach 1004 . craobh eóluis ar oinigh Aodh, 361 . mithidh damhsa . . . / . . . do chuir ar chraoibh, a chompáin to put away, to put aside (to an old cloak), Hackett² 31.26 , 29 . c.¤ luirg see 1 lorg . rod on which ogam was written: cairechtaire Gaoidhelge . . . sgríobhtha 'na bhfleasga ar chraobhaibh, Celtica i 97.309 . Hence: an carachtaire ele . . . goirthear ogham-chraobh (leg. ogham craobh ?) dhe, 306 .

(b) tree, bush : in chróeb i Cind Febrat, Metr. Dinds. iii 230.68 (? ref. to in t-ibar (sic leg.) of 49, 53). unnius i (? Í) Tortain . . . / unnius Uisnig . . . / tuitset na craiba, LL 27698 . teg mór ffer, ┐ ech, docum craoibhe Fert Luighdheach, Ériu xiii 44.10 . ealta minén ar fud craíbhe éigin, CF² 883 . táinic . . . amach as lár craóibhe = out of the midst of a bush, Exodus iii 2 . In phr. fo chráeib out of doors, in the open(?): encorach dicitur duine fossad fo craeph, O'Mulc. 398 (`or fochraib ?' ed.). codlaim fa chraoibh 'san ess, BS 136.16 . Of particular trees: C. Da Thi / . . . crand na sluag, LL 27692 . unnius im̄ Craeb Belaig Da Thi, 27683 . Craeb Uisnig, 27647 . For mod. le (ar na) craobhachaibh ` mad, crazy ', see Ó Cuív, Éigse viii 104 - 5 .

(c) In a wide variety of transfd. meanings.

Of persons: in chróib co mbláthib (of Brigit), Thes. ii 325.20 (Hy. iv). Áed . . . c.¤ chomlán do thennad túath, LL 17038 . in chrōib chāin chumra (a warrior), Bruchst. 122 . a chraobh bhíthe bhanda, DDána 80.28 (to a lady). craobh na rosg ruadh (of Conn), ML 122.11 .

Of locks of hair: a bháirr . . . na gcraob gcam, O'Gr. Cat. 456.7 . le hearla na gcraobh gcumhraidhe, DDána 109.8 . cíoradh na gcraobh, Magauran 976 .

Of weapons: crōib glec lāich ina lāmaib (description of Cú Chulainn in his chariot), TBC-I¹ 2571 . in C.¤ Glasach .i. claidem . . . F., Acall. 2192 .

Of a branched wand or staff from which bells were suspended: craebh sidhamhail . . . co tri hublaibh dergoir fuirre, Manners and Customs iii 317 n. 313 f. Cf. i. dxxxvii. eistecht risin ceol dogníd in cræbh, IT iii 193.22 . ro croith in craib Sencha ┐ contoíset Ulaid uli fris, LU 8421 ( FB 29 , H). c.¤ chréduma ra haird a gúaland (of Sencha), LL 35114 ( MU² 749 ). craeb ṡída ┐ forṡidaigthi Fian Érenn, Acall. p. 329.22 . Note further: ar mbreith bhúaidhe cheóil chraoibhe music of the harp(?), IGT Decl. ex. 1165 . ná déin dearmod don chraoibh chiuil, Bard. P. 46.8 . ó ṡeinm na gcraobh gciúil, TD 14.7 . glór bhar síodhchraobh seanma, DDána 68.21 .

Of branching decorative work, arabesque : cráeba cailce for a cliu (of a shield), Eg. 88, 19a cited Contribb. 503 . feilm óir na gcraobh gcorcra, DDána 75.40 . tre chraobhoibh do chuach n-órtha, O'Hara 4363 . craísech chráebh n-úaine, IGT Decl. ex. 1205 .

Of waves: ar chorp mar chraobha tonn, Magauran 1004 .

In sense of pedigree, genealogy, descent, branch of a family tree; scion : do fremaib ┐ do bunud ┐ do craébaib, BB 411a33 . ar bhfréamh chraobhei-ne ime, DDána 70.17 . cráobh do chin óna Collaibh, IGT Decl. ex. 1330 . Freq. c.¤ choibnesa, c.¤ geinelaig: cade a craeb choibniusa? pedigree , Metr. Dinds. iv 346.7 . a c.¤ choibniusa (sic leg.) fri Grécaib common descent (of the Trojans), LL 30859 ( TTr. 41 ). triúr anuas . . . / d'Anna sa chraoibh choibhneasa, Dán Dé xi 12 . craobha geinealaigh Gaoidheal, DDána 72.21 . See coibnius.

Note also: hi trūaill . . . findarcait ūas chrōebaib(?) a chnis, TBC-I¹ 2342 . deisme neómain im chét c.¤ (dees imomain im chet croeb, YBL), TBC-LL¹ 4958 ( LL 11620 ). ? cionnus lat tré chraoibh na cána / mac an tsaoir do rádha ris (of Christ), DDána 26.6 . cuanna arna threaghdadh a thaobh / ag cealgadh craobh uadha d'fhíon, Dán Dé xxvi 21 . gach craobh chorr, O'Hara 2444 (`each rounded limb'). craobh uaine ad shuil mar shamfhrais, Celtic Scotland iii 424 , xlii (`beam'). craobh barr-dheigh-ṡleagh a barr sin `whose glory is pre-eminence in sharp good lances', Content. xxix 17 . ? cach sathe díib rogab crúib, ZCP viii 308.20 .

Freq. in nn. loc.., see Hog. Onom .

Compds. General sense branching, spreading , but freq. merely for alliterative or other metrical purposes. With nouns and vns. 'san gcraobh-bhanna phéacach, Keat. Poems 304 (`flowing riband, branching band', Gloss.). fás a craobhchall, DDána 64.21 . craebcoroin . . . do nat[h]rac[h]aiph neimde, CCath. 4119 . craebdearca Conaill, MR 116.21 . atbath craobhdhos bhile mhóir, Aonghus, Keat. iii 707 (quotation). i torchair cain craebdus / Oengus ┐ Eithne (cheville), LL 23505 (c.¤ + dos ?). ós chionn do cheathra gcraobh-fhabhra branching lashes and eyebrows , DDána 114.14 . in chliat[h]sa ni craebhḟál `fence of branches', Gorm. 9 . tré chroeb[ḟ]odail, ZCP viii 307.1 (rhet.). craebhfhoghla . . . caibniusa tuath `genealogical ramifications', MR 98.14 . techtughudh . . . cu cruibh ime temporary fence(?), O'D. 2272 ( Rawl. B 506, 23cd ). arm áigh craoibhlíne ` engraved ', O'Hara 683 . tre Mhagh gC. na gcraoibhleas, DDána 74.50 . atād trī caoga craobh-ogham aguinn ogham written on staves, Celtica i 97.306 . Conall . . . uaind ro geinedh in craebh-shlat, MR 310.20 . laoch … craobhshūileach bushy-eyed Celtica xiii 42.103 . craebhthonna spreading waves(?), CF 926 .

With adjj. a Caiseal craebchorr, BB 60b40 . tré ghéarlasair chraobh-dheirg, Keat. Poems 351 . clanna . . . craeb-gasta, MR 118.18 . mar bhláth éadtrom chraobhghlas, Keat. Poems 288 . dreach craobhghoirthe `bright-curved', O'Hara 1907 . go Cliaigh gcr[a]oibhiodhain, DDána 109.3 . a ghruaidh chraobhnár mar chrithre, Aithd. D. 34.6 (`o'erspread with fiery blush'). in t-abhra réidh craobhnocht, O'Hara 4457 (`curving'). um chlár gcraobhsholus gCobhthaigh, Aithd. D. 16.25 . fuairshreabha an chalaidh chraobhshona, 4.8 (`tree-rich'). cuingeda . . . craeb-uaisli `free-born', MR 246.3 .

With adjj. derived from nouns: craibdig .i. . . . craeb-bethadaig (etymol. gl.), Fél.² xxxi 16 . go Cruachain gcraobhchollaigh, Aithd. D. 4.13 . clar-sceimelta . . . craeb-dathacha cath-sciath, MR 224.5 . in Craebhghlasach, claidem F., Acall. 2244 . dh'éis luit do chuilg cráoibhlitrigh, O'R. Poems 109 . na cromsróna . . . craebhshilteacha, CF² 288 . D. . . . / na sul ngormall craebhsuirgeach, IGT Met. Faults § 149 . gu Céis cráebthorthuigh Coruinn, Anecd. i 31 § 49 .

See cruibe.

dairbre

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dairbre or dil.ie/14260

 

Forms: dairbhre, dairire

n o; gender undetermined; collective meaning (II) points to neuter. Hogan's exx. CRR p. 193 insufficient.

I An oak, oakling (the passage CRR 37 does not establish a meaning oak-branches ). dairbhre .i. dair O'Cl. colpach ina mórgabla nó ina dairbri bega dairt ina craebaib, Laws iv 148. 24 . dodechaid sídi gaithi...coro sétea ammíasa uadib amal dulli darbri, TFerbe 92 (= LL 254 a 3 ). crothais dóib dairbre ndall, LL 114 a 41 (= ScM. 21 , 30 ). dorochair in d.¤ dess (= dair Mugna in the preceding line), ib. 200 a 25 . gárid in trét fo dairbri dairmessa, ib. 144 b 2 . imda dairbre ardmessa, Reeves Ad. 286 . in dairbri forsa ndesid in tén, Todd Nenn. 216 . robenatar dairbre glasdarach illáim cech fir...┐ tuargabtar ria naiss na glasgésceda darach sain, CRR 37 . in dairbre fora ndessitar robai for crith cona ḟremaib a talmain, Tig. 1054 . édiud dairbri Breici dia brut, Leb. Cert. 4. 26 . dḟácbáil a bruit ac Bearnos im dairbri mBreici mbuadhach, ib. 18. 15 . fa lomlan dainglibh uile cech duille im dairbribh Doire, Reeves Ad. 288. 20 . fuaim doininni fa dairbre, Anecd. ii 24. 7 . fo d.¤ nduillech, Acall. 1590 . Druim Lethet co llínmaire: dercain donna ara dairbhre (prob. plur.), Anecd. ii 24 , 14 . dos dairpri rúaidh, B IV 2, 134 b = Fianaig. 14. 14 .

II A grove of oak-trees, an oak-wood , in place-names. rí Dairbre, LL 127 b 50 = MacCarthy 164. 11 . do righ Dairbhri in daighsleibhi, Leb. Cert. 74. 14 . do bhrú Dairbhri Ó Duibhni, ib. 46. 10 . Oilén Dairbri Valentia Island Cóir Anm. 32 . Cf. Hog. Onom. 326 . Leb. Cert. p. 47 n. , 49 n.

MOD. dairbhre, dairire, in place-names.

dairt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dairt or dil.ie/14305
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: darto, darta, dairt, dairti, dartada, darta, dart, dartib, dairtib, dartaib

n i, f. g s. darto, darta. d s. dairt. n p. dairti ( dairt, Laws i 190. 3 ; but the MS has dairti), dartada. g p. darta, dart. d p. dartib ( Laws v 386. 6 f.b. ), dairtib, dartaib.

I A heifer of one year (Stokes, Corm. Tr. 29 . Atkinson, Laws vi 213 . of two years, O'Don. Suppl.). dairt .i. colbthach, O'Cl. dairt .i. laeg, Lec. Gl. 355 . Stowe Gl. 320 . —Frequent in the Laws. samaisci ┐ colpacha. . .no dairti ┐ dartada .i. minchethra, Laws i 190. 7 . na dairti ┐ na dartada. . . .i. na hindlithe re torba (before they are productive), ib. 3 . urdliged .i. sicail ┐ dairti, ii 342. 21 . — Generally as a fine . ar is for dartib rosuidiged fuillem a díre, v 394. 23 . direnar teora dartib i fuillem a dire, ib. 396. 2 . As a fine for cutting a shrub tree (blackthorn, elder, etc.), iv 146. 27 ; or the branches of the chief trees (airig feda: oak, hazel, holly, etc.), ib. 146. 23 ; or of the common trees (athig feda: alder, willow, etc.), ib. 146. 25 ; for cutting of land, ib. 152. 8 ; for breaking the laws of fences and co- tenancy, ib. 72. 3 ; for a physician neglecting a sick man, i 130. 25 . draigen trom. . .dairt a ndíre cach ae, iv 146. 27 . dairt coll. . .cuic seoit a ndíre cach ae bo buinbéime. . .dairt ina craebaib, ib. 146. 23 , 148. 25 . fernn sail. . .bo a ndíre cach ae dairt ina craebu, 146. 25 . athaigh feadha. . .dairt ina ngabla, 150. 6 . aurba tíre. . .dartaig a tri cuailli. . .dairt ina cuic, 152. 8 . dairt cacha treisi, 72. 3 , 13 ; v 270. 16 . muna urfócra (sc. in liag) is fiachach .i. dairt, i 130. 24 . Cf. cuic dairti dec filet ó cechtar de, i 174. 6 . ise dligis dairt, v 340. 21 .—As a price of fosterage: ised is log einuch .i. dartuid ┐ dairt ┐ colpuch, ii 152. 2 . tír ndarta a measure of land: air atá tír nd. coruigi thir chumaile, v 466. 16 . —Its value was one-sixth of a cow, i.e. four screpalls: dairt .i. ceithri scripall .i. ar seised, iv 148. 7 . dairt ceithri screpall, 150. 23 . dairt .i. ceithri screpall i ndíri gabal na fodla (for the branches of the bramble trees), 148. 8 , cf. 152. 14 . Worth three screpalls acc. to v 396. 4 : teora dartib .i. tri scribaill ar gach n[d]airt díbseo uili.— colpach firend ┐ dairt boinend, Corm. s.v. clithar sét . ba mmóir choire ṅdarta cechtar a ndá odbrand, LL 252 b 25 ( ZCP x 366). fiu la ríg dodonfarci cetheora darti fichet, ib. 286 a 27 (= KMMisc. 212. 15 ). i naimsir Bressail táinic in cétna bóar i nHérind ┐ nocon fárggaib acht teora dartada (a pl.) i nÉrind. ité dergga .i. dairt i Cliu dairt i lLiniu dairt i Cuailngiu. is de atá Imbliuch Fir Oendarta, ib. 339 a 11 . berid a bu le .i. cethracha lulgach ┐ caeca dart (darta, Eg.) TBD 16 . ní rarmea do bú móra bar dartib, TBC-LL¹ 4405 (v.l. ar dartaib YBL, ar dairtibh, Stowe).

LOC. Imlech Fir aendairti, Cóir Anm. 18 . is de ata Imliuch nDarta (nDairte YBL) hi cCliuu, TBD 16 . Onomast.

II Metaph. a young girl . nicon biäid aice bó | na dairti ná dartado, Liad. and Cuir. 18 . PERS. Dart ingen Echach mic Cairpri, TBD 212 , for Dartaid, formed to the g s. Darta ( TBD 211 Eg.) = Dartada ( ib. 168 ). Cf. dat. Dairt, ib. 134 YBL.

Cf. dáir, dairid, dartaid, dartán.

1 dana

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dana or dil.ie/14561
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: dana, dana

num (danae only O'Mulc. 294 , v. †danae). Two . The quantity of -a- is uncertain. In CCath. 2239 and LU 89 a 5 it is marked as long; but in both cases the mark of length might be due to association with the synonymous ; in the latter case all the other MSS, including YBL, omit the mark of length. Dana is mainly used in connection with the article, which, as is the case before dá in Old-Ir., always takes the form in: in dana , dat. don dana = in dá, don díb (don dá). Like dá it is placed immediately before the noun (which is put in the dual), and followed by the genitive of the tens of the numerals (in dana fichet déc).—Probably from †dá n-ái; cechtar in dána for older cechtar nái. For the adj. sense comp. indarna = OIr. indala nái.

All examples collected below have been taken from MSS not older than the early 15th century with the exception of the one from LU. The Glosses contain no instances of dana; but it appears several times in the commentaries to the Brehon Laws, though Atkinson does not mention it in his vocabulary. The way in which it is written in the Law-MSS proves that it was but seldom understood by the copyists. In all probability the word belonged to the late Old-Ir. and the early Mid.-Ir. periods.

The instances can be divided into three groups:

(a) in dana + subst. depend as a genetivus partitivus on a preceding cechtarde, nechtarde. This usage predominates in the Laws: dá fodein....i. dian urtrom ┐ dian iartrom. colpthach sé screpall ar cach fodein cechtarde in dana fodein a colpach of six screpalls for each `fodian' of the two `fodian's' Laws v 60. 4 . To this head belongs the misjudged phrase nechtardae (cechtardae) in dana imbed sin either (each) of the two parties, both in the commentaries to the Senchus Mór, corresponding to the nechtar (cechtar, aile) da lína of the main text. díleas do cechtar da lína cia rochaithe cia tormala cechtar da lína ar araile .i. is díleas do cechtarde in dana imad sin, Laws ii 342. 9 . ní bi cor cor nechtar da lína sech araile .i. noco cunnrad cundrad nechtarde in dana imad sin sech a céile, ib. ii 358. 15 . mad aile da lína .i. mad nechtarde in dana imad sin, ii 366. 14 (cf. 394. 20 ). So also 362. 13 ; 380. 14 ; 394. 20 . Noteworthy is ii 374. 11 with its cechtarde in da imat (cf. cechtar in da rann, Sg. 74 b 5 ). For cechtarde in da nadimat sain, ii 378. 14 read c. in dana imat s. The reading nechtar in da nannat sin, ii 317. 7 and 318. 18 , is accounted for by the common misreading of im as nn. Ib. ii 326. 17 , inat is to be restored to imat.

(b) in dana independent of nechtardae, cechtardae: ite in da fasachaib .i. is iat in dana fis (sic leg.) ogsa nos foirichnigend uili, Laws i 230. 1 Comm. . clochsairsi ┐ crannsairsi ┐ in dana dan as uaisli dib....i. damliag ┐ duirrthech, ib. v 92. 1 f.b. Comm. . Bechuill ┐ Danand dil: marbh in dana bantúathaigh, BB 35 b 4 = Lec. 562 a 38 ; but the prose-version LL 9 b 27 has na dí b. in dana cenn, BB 8 a 15 = na dá cenn, Rawl. 76 a . cath a ndrochadur in dana Dubán, Lec. 591 a 31 . Eremón ┐ Earannan in dana ṡósar. in da ṡindser imorro..., ib. 539 b 30 . slighe cumang do longaib etir in dana bernuidh sin, CCath. 1341 . nóbídis in dána (v.l. na da) athair ic debhaid imon aencorp, ib. 2239 , doriachtadur in dana rígh (v.l. in dá rig sin), Acall. 3134 , Lism. tucsam in dana nech sin dḞinn, ib. 256 . is maith dḟuasclais in dana cheist sein, ib. 6143 . na léic uait in dana bocht, SG i 20. 22 (16th century MS). biadhtair aici in dana bocht, ib. 20. 29 . tuccat dá fichet déc each do M. o Brian ┐ ní rabi don dana fichet déc bai aroen re M. nech &c. , Cog. 132. 9 (v.l. don dá ḟichet décc).

(c) dana preceded by a possessive pronoun of the 3 sg.: gai laiss...foriarnd fair...cethri traigid eter a dá | na [o]g imfáebair, LU 89 a 5 = BDD 75. 9 (§ 87) . v.l.: a dana ogh imthaebuir YBL. a di nuag des nimfaebuir H. a da naug i., St. a da nug i., Eg. = iter a dá na og imḟaebuir, BDD .

There is no certain instance of dana in a substantival sense; cf. danae.

dartadas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dartadas or dil.ie/14700

 

n u, m., abstract from dartaid. State of being a `dartaid': ag lóige ceithri miach e colpach firenn... doérna slán ina dartadas, Laws ii 248. 2 f.b.

dartaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dartaid or dil.ie/14701
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: dartaid, dartuid, dartoid, dairtaid, dartait, dartaith, dartad, dartaig, dartada, dartuid, dartada, dartado, dartada, dairtida

n i. n s. dartaid, Laws iv 28. 19 ; 312. 12 , 15 , 23 ; BDD § 159 ; Corm. s.v. clithar sét ; BB 311 a 13 ; ZCP iii 204. 10 (LU); Dinds. § 66 . dartuid, Laws ii 152. 2 . dartoid, O'Mulc. 753 . dairtaid, Laws iv 312. 17 . dartait (i.e. dartaith), Corm. l.c. YBL. dartad, BB 311 a 13 . dartaig, Macd. g s. dartada; Laws i 184. 5 f.b. ii 258. 14 . LU 79 a 39 . Dinds. § 61 . IT ii2 185 . Rawl. 92 a 15 . 127 a 12 . Gorm. Feb. 12 . n du. dá dartuid , Laws ii 74. 18 . n p. dartada, ib. i 190. 3 , 7 . dartado (: bo), orig. the a p., Liad. and Cuir. 18. 6 .—a p. dartada, LL 339 a 10 . dairtida, Laws v 386. 3 f.b.

A heifer or a bull calf growing into , tarb and dam. See EIF 60-61 , ZCP xlii 93, 100 . Dinds. § 66 a dartaid is called a tarb: doriacht bó Nero cona tarb ina díaidh coro géis oc Ráith Cruachan coro mothaig in Findbennach coro gleac dóib ┐ ba fortail in dartaid (referring to tarb as the corresponding passage RC x 226 proves ). It is reckoned as a dam (m. and f.) LU 79 a 39 : do chotutlethar chruaid choirtchide do formna .vii. ndamseched ndartada (= TBC-LL¹ 2561 , 2568 , cf. CCath. 5228 ); BB 311 a 13 : damogam .i. tarb...dam...colpthach...dartaid ar aicme ailme .i. dartad (sic) ii d.¤ , &c.; O'Mulc. 753 : is cend daim for dartoid (dam is said of the full-grown animal). A `dartaid' is reckoned among the `minchethrae' and `sesc-slabrae,' the small and still unproductive cattle: samaisci ┐ colpacha...nó dairti ┐ dartada .i. minchethra, Laws i 190. 7 . im siscslabra an indle .i. na dairt ┐ na dartada....i. na hindlithe re torba, ib. i 190. 3 . Corm. (s.v. clithar sét) speaks of a dartaid firenn a male dartaid (Corm. YBL) and dartaid bainenn a she-dartaid (but probably the latter is merely a scribal error for dairt baininn, EIF 60 n. 244 ); the application to the female is very old as the npr. f. Dartaid shows.

Frequent in the Laws, indicating the `sét' of the lowest value, the `sét gabla.' Its value was one-twelfth of a cow, i.e. two screpalls (not three as Atkinson says), or three `miach' ( ii 258. 14 ); the dairt (= three screpalls) ranks higher: dígu sét somaíne .i. in sét is díthogaidi somaíne ann .i. dartaid dá screpall, Laws iv 28. 19 . dartada (g s.) .i. agh trí miach, ib. ii 258. 14 . sét gabla didiu isé is lugam .i. dartaid (dartait YBL) ḟirend ┐ colpach boineand nó colpach ḟirend ┐ dairt (dartaid YBL) boinend, Corm. s.v. clithar sét . According to their value the gradation is as follows: dartaid, dairt, colpach, samaisc, bó, Laws iv 312 . 12 - 15 . dartuid ┐ dairt ┐ colpuch, ib. ii 152. 2 . cóic seoit i ndul tria tech tria lias di brisiud a comla. dartaid i fleisc tís. dairt i fleisc thuas. samaisc...colpdach...dairt i naursain airthir tighe dairtaid i naursain iarthair tige, ib. iv 312. 15 sq. dairt i crand nairide thiar dartaid i crann nairide do thein, ib. 312. 23 . Corm. l.c. dartaid , dairt, and colpach are joined into one grade (the `cétna sét'); then come: samaisc in sét tánaise. laulgach nó dam timchill arathair in tress sét ┐ isé sin in ríisét.

Further instances: nocho tabraid side acht na ceathra foilli inásas acu na dairti ┐ na dairtida, Laws v 386. 3 f.b. cu ngealut dá dartuid fri rodam ┐ cu ngelut dá dartuid sech rodam that two `dartaids' graze as much as a great ox ib. ii 74. 18 . dartada, ib. i 184. 5 f.b. icdai dartaid hi cind gait inna forreith do Diarmait, ZCP iii 204. 10 , cf. SG 396 . 30 . dartado (n p.), Liad. and Cuir. 18. 6 . dartaid inide a heifer three years old at Shrovetide Macd. 312 b . Manners and Customs iii 568 b .

PROV. is cend daim for dartoid mórpersan for becphobul, O'Mulc. 753 . METAPH. Ingcél ┐ a dā bráthair .i. Echell ┐ Tulchinne .i. dartaid na díberca the Yearling of the Reavers (Stokes) BDD § 159 . Synon. tarbíne, Echtra Nera RC x 226 , cf. Dinds. § 66 .

Dairt and dartaid both originate from the root of dairid, dáir, but their relation to each other is not clear; dartaid looks like a nom. ag., dairt like a vn. Both words became early obsolete, probably in early Mid.-Ir. The form dairtid ( dairtida, Laws v 386. 3 f.b. ) shows the influence of dairt. Dartada in the passage: nocon ḟarrgaib acht teora dartada in Hérind .i. dairt i Cliu dairt i lLiniu dairt i Cuailṅgiu, LL 389 a 10 , is either due to confusion of dairt and dartaid, or it is an early instance of the Mid.-Ir. pl. in -adha.—Cf. dáir, dairid, 1 dairt, dartán.

firend

Cite this: eDIL s.v. firend or dil.ie/22188

 

Forms: firinne

adj o-ā (cf. fer) male (of animals): colpach f.¤ , Corm. Y 209 . uan firenn, SR 3901 . uan firend, PH 5099 . míl f.¤ TBC-LL¹ 6126 . da bonend ar f.¤ two females to a male ACL iii 241.4 . turchreic(h) colpaige firinne, ZCP xiv 361 ( Laws ii 260 ). pl. searruig [sic leg.] firinne , Laws ii 376.32 Comm. a ndíol do mhuic fhirinn, L. Cl. A. B. 245 . gabhair ḟirionna, Proverbs xxvii 26 .

2 ? gabal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 ? gabal or dil.ie/25033

 

n tribute, tax ? (A.S. gafol, `rent tax, due'). ro boí rodgabáil ┐ salanngabal for Árainn, Anecd. iii 60.24 . a lethgabol étaig do brutt no da léinid no inur `half of clothes for mantle or for shirt or for tunic,' Ériu i, 220 § 14 and 224 note ( H 3.17, c. 854 ). leth-ghabhul diabalta d'íc ris (for example, in the relation between a `flaith' and a `céile' if the fief consisted of stolen property and if the `flaith' knew, but the `céile' did not know, the latter is entitled to separate, and the `leth-gabul d.' is to be paid to him in addition to `eneclann,' apparently a specific fine), O'D. 2262 ( Rawl. B 506 f. 21c ). See also Laws Gl. s.v. leth . May be cpd. of gabál, q.v. sét gabla, a minor chattel, MacNeill, Law of status 275, n. 3 . A sét of the lowest value, contrasted with the normal sét (= a samaisc) and the highest (clithar-sét = a milch cow or a ploughing ox). aen set gabla diri fochlaccain, Laws v 58.16 . Defined : sēt gabla ... is e as laigheam and .i. dartait firend ┐ colpac[h] bonend, nō colpach firend ┐ dartaid boinend, Corm. Y 209 (s.v. clithar sēt). cach tris sēt sét gabla, samaisc alaili, lulgach nō dam timchill arathair araile (i.e. the three séts in rising gradations, of which the highest is the `clithar-sét' or `king's sét'), ib. Same definition, Ir. Recht (Dīre) § 6 . Cf., however, set gabla .i. samusc ┐ colpthach firenn no cetloegh ┐ colpach boinen, O'Curry 506 ( H 3.18, p. 257 ). brosna do setaib gabla, Laws i 478.25 Comm. Cf. cuic seoit ..., acht it seoit gabla, Laws iv 144.32 Comm. Often gl. in Comm. by gablaigid, q.v. Cf. v 58.16 , 18 ; 388.4 , 14 ; O'Curry 618 ( H 3.18, p. 299 ) ; O'Curry 1454 ( H 3.18, 658a ). gabhla flatha forbach .i. ate forbuain gablaighthear don fhlaith sech gach duine is isle inás levy-shares are the taxes of a lord, O'Curry 1623 - 4 ( 23 Q 6, p. 7b ). O'Gr. Cat. 81.6. The earlier examples here may be attributed to gabál and the remainder to gabul, so that the word is doubtful.

gabul

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gabul or dil.ie/25068
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: gabhal, gobhal, gabhal, ā, gabul, gobul, gabla, goible, gaible, gaibhle, (mur-)gabuil, gabail, gabail, gabul, gabhal, gabail, gabal, gabol, gobol, (muir-)gobuil, gabail, -gabla, gábla, gabla, Gabul

n o, m. and ā, f. gabhal (ā, f.), IGT Decl. § 12 ; gobhal, gabhal, ā, f., § 192 . Gender seems to vary sometimes with sense. n s. gabul, Sg. 45b20 . LU 4804 . gobul, LU 401 . g s. na gabla , LU 4800 ; 4811 ; 9193 . TBC-LL¹ 683 . goible, Laws v 360.15 . gaible, LL 193b52 . gaibhle, Tribes of Irel. 58 . in (mur-)gabuil, , Metr. Dinds. iii 194 ( LL 196a38 ). gabail, Fen. 120.18 . d s. gabail, Anecd. i 57 § 59 . RC xxvi 12 ( LL 186a56 ). TBC-LL¹ 2360 . gabul, LU 9061 ( FB 81 ). Ériu ii 194 § 9 . gabhal, RC xiv 52.19 . a s. gabail, LU 4796 . TBC-LL¹ 673 . LL 142a39 . gabal, CCath. 2960 . gabol, LL 284a16 . gobol, ib. 11 . n p. (muir-)gobuil, Ml. 45d12 . gabail, Laws iv 282.13 . a p. -gabla, LL 172b26 . gábla, Thr. Ir. Gl. 36.38 (s.v. prull). cetheora gabla , TBC-LL¹ 5645 (St). gablu, Laws iii 78.20 . g du. Mag Dá Gabul , LU 8508 ( FB 36 ).

(a) a fork: gl. furca, Sg. 45b20 . librither gabla a láma as long as pitchforks, Thr. Ir. Gl. 36.38 . Fig. of wreaths of steam, etc. scaiblín ... cona gáblaib gaile, MacCongl. 35.1 . g.¤ dluta some sort of a tool, pincers (?): gulban .i. gobul dlūta la sāiro, O'Mulc. 675.

(b) a forked branch of a tree: for cethora benna na gabla, LU 4800 = co tuc gobal ceithri mbeann fo a cinnu, Dinds. 144 . crichiditi limsa in gabul, TBC-LL¹ 781 . topacht gabail cethri ṁbend, 673 . i tóeb na gabla, LU 4808 ( TBC-I¹ 316 ). TBC-LL¹ 683.5030 . co ngabail chain ina lamaib, Anecd. i 57 § 59 . Used of a larger branch than the `cráeb,' the `gabul' being prob. a bough direct from the trunk and the `cráeb' a branch of such a branch: colpach ina ngablaib, dairt ina craeba, a ` colpach '-heifer as fine for cutting their `gabla,' a `dairt'-heifer for their `cráeba,' Laws iv 146.23 . Cf. i 164.1 Comm. Of behaviour in horses that can cause injury to humans: cenn a ngabal, 'putting its head in the fork of a tree' CIH i 266.7 , EIF 153 .

(c) the fork of a gallows, a gibbet: riag no gabul (gl. patibulum), Sg. 53a20 . fer soerus di gabail `a man whom he frees from the gallows,' Laws iv 338.3 ( Críth G. 579 ). daer gabla an unfree person whom his patron has redeemed from the gallows: doer-ḟuidir .i. in daer aigenta noco n-e deirim acht daer gabla no crai, Laws v 518.18 Comm. Cf. however: in daor aicenta .i. fear gabar do ... gabail he, O'Curry 1212 ( H 3.18, 485a-b). in deoraidh .i. daer aicenta .i. [daer] gabla, Laws i 106.7 Comm. fuidir gola (.i. gablai .i. crucis), Ir. Recht, p. 65 § 7 (see also ib. pp. 25 , 76 ff., 79 ). fuidir goible (.i. gabar o gabail na croici .i. tar bragait), Laws v 360.15 . na manaig nuna ┐ gola ┐ gabla, iii 10.24 . furail gabla arda do breith ann `order high gibbets to be brought there,' Fier. 148.

(d) a (forked ?) beam, support or shaft (for diverse uses):

(1) a beam, a rafter (of a house): dolluid ... co rrabi inna sessom i mbun na gabla roboí hi ciund tened, LU 9193 ( FB 92 ). luid is tech ... co mbaí forsin irlár ┐ a lám forsin gabail, RC xxvi 12.22 (v.l. tuirid, H 3.18, 543yb ). Cf. rosforbair in gabul ... uas in tig cona torad forri, PH 1315 . gabhla ar ttighe `beams,' Canticles i 17 . gréas gach gallghabhla `the ornament of each foreign arch,' DDána 119.33 . ar bhun na gaibhle `on the rafter's end,' Tribes of Irel. 58.

(2) a support (a crook ?) for hanging a cauldron: in coire fiuchus for a gabluib, Laws i 46.26 Comm. cuit in tslóig ... ni berbther é ar oengabail, TBC-LL¹ 2360 . as iad ba gabhla dá ccoiredhaibh cáirn do chorpaibh na Lochlann, Thr. Frag. 124.1 . ra chuirset [in banb] forsin gabail i cionn na teined, SG 88. 18 , 21 . nech do chur fo ghabhail (an) choire (a mark of contumely): go gcuirfedh ... Fiond fo ghabhail an choire, Duan. F. i 4.8 . cur Cormaic mic Airt d'Fhiacha fo ghabhail coire, Content. iii 27 . Cormac fo ghabhail do chor, vi 119 . Cf. xv 50 ; xviii 107 .

(3) a pillar; with or without fulaing (g s.) a prop, an undersetting: cf. gabhalfulaing, posd[a], úaitne, más, `a base, pillar, undersetter,' Eg. Gl. 365 . co tugdais leo gabla oir ... i mbidis cu[i]g troigti fichet ┐ co scribdais a uili ... gnimrada ... intib (memorial pillars ?), IT ii2 105.8 . flesc for dib ṅgablaib lasin conair immetiagat `a rod on two forks' (a rail-fence ?), Ml. 45c9 . airdither slegh curadh cach cathgabal diobh agus rosuidigsetar cetheora gabla fo cech roth, TBC-LL¹ 5645 St. = da cathuaithne dec, 5643 . (Prob. props fixed under the wheels of portable besieging castles to act as brakes ?) Cf. cliatha iomdha do ghénamh aca, ┐ gabhla do chur fotha, ┐ tolladh an mhuir fotha, TFrag. 232.14 . Cf. in Carr B.D. [i.e. a spear] ... amlaid nobid, ┐ gobal fo bragaid `with a fork under its neck' [i.e. supporting it], Dinds. 14 . Of supports of the heavenly bodies: fúaim na ... rann ... ac tuitim ... da gablaibh fulaing, RC xxiv 382.17 . tuitfidh grian ┐ éasga dá rothaibh ┐ da ngabhlaibh go talamh, Uncat. MS. Cashel Lib. tuitim ó gabhlaibh don ghrein | go talmhuin, 24 L 5 (RIA.) 2.12 . go buain a gabhal ón ngréin, Timth. 1917.8 § 10 . 1 Kings vii 34 . Fig. upholder: Banbha ... ga chloinn | gabhla foirtille fulaing, IGT Decl. ex. 1918 . Giolla Criost ... gabhal fulaing chogaidh ┐ cosnamha Cenil Conaill, AFM ii 834.14 . Cf. ALC i 40.1 . AFM vi 2348.13 . na trí subáilche díadha ... as uaitnedha ┐ as gabla fulaing fán mbethaidh sbioradálta, Ó Héodhusa 13 . gabhla Thighe na Teamhrach, TD 9.3 . gabhla caomhChaithreach Cröoinn, 4.13 . fa gabhal de ceithre ghabhlaibh na hEagluise é (of St. Jerome), Eochairsg. 31.9 .

(4) yards (?) of a sail: corr-gabla siúil, CRR 11.4 .

(5) a weapon, a pronged spear (?): gabhal .i. sleagh, P. O'C. gabhla .i. sleagha, BB 191b sup. marg. O'Cl. la hiolar a n-éidedh n-allmharda ┐ a ngabhladh nglaisiaroinn, Hugh Roe § 31 .

(6) Of a pair of compasses : gabul ina laim ┐ da beind eisti ┐ doforni oen na n-aisill isin luaith, Ériu v 72 . hi catraig choéimchumaide fo gabulrind gábla, LB 130a56 . See also gabulrind.

(e) the fork of the body, the thighs: bá fodeirc dó folés na farrci foa gabul, LU 9061 ( FB 81 ). ecnach nem ┐ grían fo [a] gabal ara ḟot, Ériu iv 138.26 . co tuc glun ina gabal do, CCath. 2960 (Inguina ... insertis pedibus ... Luc. Phars. iv 628 ). is ech tened bís hi n-gabul (inna gabail v.l.) a marcaig a n-iffirn, Ériu ii 194 § 9 . each teneadh am gabhal, RC xiv 52.19 . caeca cubat 'na gabul, Dinds. 23 . fer na ra leic leithet da gabail bhadéin ... dit ḟerand dait, TBC-LL¹ 5997 . ech gabail ┐ sliasta, a riding-horse, Fen. 140.17 ; cf. 120.18 . coslomnocht ┐ a (sic leg.) leinte a ngobhal gc aon aca, their shirts tucked between their legs, Rel. Celt. ii 200.13 . maith a banscal roriastrat drochdoíne do gabol, ZCP xviii 92.8 ( LL 284a16 ). ib. 91.22 ( LL 284a11 ). a ndluigi in-a ṅgablaib na mna (as a mode of execution), LB 154b52 . urthach saer dobeir in ben fri uaitne, no a brisid oc a gabal, Laws i 180.12 Comm. (alternative gl. on: im sarurrach mban fri uatne, 176 ). gabul cumung na clainne, O'D. 81 ( H 3.17 c. 69 ) = Laws i 180.27 Comm.

(f) a bifurcation or angle in a glen, pass, etc.; the spit of land between two rivers (?): i ngobhal na ngleann, ZCP ii 362.38 . gabhla gruaid-fhliucha glenn, O'Gr. Cat. 459.4. In Laws some kind of enclosed land with special privileges (?): tar cro no tar gabail tire, Laws v 258.21 Comm. dar cro no gabal tire, i 98.20 Comm. Cf. geni goba acht lethgabail de `though it (the water) should pass through only half a step of it, AL iv 212.2 .

(g) a branch of a river, an arm or inlet of the sea forming a creek or river estuary (see muir, Compds.): gabhal do sruth Órt[h]anain, Anecd. ii 29.3 . coneracht g.¤ fairrge etarru, Trip. ii 486.21 (LB). gabhal mhara, Ériu iii 164 § 20 . Lism. L. 1486 . gabhal (sic leg.) mhuiridhe, Ériu iii 168 § 24 . tar gabail mara, Laws v 440.29 Comm. ised is gabhol mara ann cach bail na fetar cen luing no cen snam, iii 318.4 .

(h) Fig. a branch or ramification of a family; of a genealogical tree: fodla ┐ ilgabla mac Noe, Rawl. 72a48 . ben ... o dib gablaib, is de a athair d'Ulltaib ocus a mathair do feínib Temrach, Laws iv 18.2 gloss. ni cuirithur cuaird for gablu fine, ... on the branches of the `fine,' iii 78.20 . riasiu ranntar a lín cenn ngabal , O'D. 549 ( H 3.17, c. 437 ). ar a lin do gablaibh i fodlaither gra[d] tuathe, Críth G. 3 . RC xxxii 392.2 . sech flaith, sech eclais, sech ilgobhlai fine, ZCP xii 365.22 . aenfine iat ... ┐ ragablaighset iat ... in darna gabul ... in gabul eile, O'D. 2259 ( Rawl. B 506 21a ). roiadus gabail Chaim, I closed up (i.e. completed) the genealogy of C., LL 142a39 . gnáith-bérla na ngabal ngrinn | cétna tharla for Eirinn, SG 348.4 . a gabhla gaoil, those of her kin, A. Ó Dálaigh iii § 4 . ite fodlai fine cacha flatha; a fuidri, a ciniud, a gabail fodagniat, his branches (i.e. his dependants) who serve him (?), Laws iv 282.12 .

(i) a branch or division of a subject : atait secht ngabala a-ra-fognad brethemnacht an betha .i. a secht do gablaib, Laws v 364.1 , 3.

(j) Metr. term: gobhal imairnd deínd for ardchassbairdní (name of a metre in which there is triple alliteration, but see EIS 231 ), IT iii 103 § 198 . is gobul dí .i. recne dechubaid .i. dá son nó a tri do thinscital ó oen fid ... ┐ son o fid ecsamail ina ndiaid-sede, ACC 146 Comm.

(k) Of the angle at which a horse carries its head: da mbia an t-ech gobard ┐ gabail granna aice 'if the horse is high of muzzle, and has an ugly head-carriage (?)' Celtica ii 46 § 7 . dligid ech na gab(ala crom)a beith mi-luthmar. Dligid ech na gabala airde a beith garg mer 'the horse that carries its head bent (?) should be lacking in vigour. The horse that carries its head high (?) should be fierce and giddy' 48 § 11 .

In n.l.: Fid nGaible ... nó comad Gabal ainm na haband do taot trit or G. may be the name of the river that flows through it, Dinds. 11 . Fid ṅGabli ... is aire ainmnigther Gabal dind abaind ..., LL 159b12 (see remainder of passage, cited s.v. gablaigid). in Gabol glan, Metr. Dinds. ii 58.1 . Cf. tri Guare Gabla, TBC-LL¹ 5939 = Gaible, TBC-I¹ 3494 . Cf. rig Gaible, Metr. Dinds. iii 16.204 . Abhainn Ghabhla, the Forked River, Iar Conn. 102, n . a iath na trenḟer tigba | úaim do thriath (sic leg.) glegel Gabla, LL 5142 . reidfid Dubgilla delbda | dín mo debra mind ṅGaible, 193b52 .

Compds. ¤chless game of slinging (?): cia clessat for gabulchless 'whomsoever they may hit (?) while engaged in a game of slinging (?)' Celtica viii 148 (Mellbretha) . ¤chos fork of the leg, leg : gur amuis idir an dá ghabhailchois ... é, ITS xxiv 126.30 . ¤dub: Ingen Chonmaír ... inna gorm-daíl gobul-duib `that dark-forked terror,' Metr. Dinds. iv 26.5 . ¤fada long-shanked : Aed G., Laud 610, f. 39e . ¤fine branching `fine' : senathuir senathur is esidhe athuir na gabal-fhine, O'Curry 361 ( H 3.18, p. 201 ). ¤gicce a pronged pole (?) : (of Conaire's swineherds) tri gabulgici úasaib hi toíb fraiged, LU 7585 ( BDD 112 ). (of the Dagda) gabol gicca rothach (sic leg.; gicc aroth, MS) feidm ochtair ina diaid ... gonad dei dogaror Slicht Loirge an Dagdai, RC xii 86 § 93 . See also ¤lorg. ¤gorm: coic eich ... gabalguirm ` grey-riding ,' Fen. 368.8 . Cf. BB 275b11 ¤lorg a forked or pronged pole or shaft: gabollórg íairn (sic leg.) inna láim, LU 6825 ( BDD 38 ). RC xliii 78 § 78 . briugu, filed, ┐ fer do-airgair a bith-erchuiliud; are sruithiu di-suidib a ngobol-lorgga olldate a n-airm ` supporting-staves ,' Laws v 420.11 ; ` walking-sticks ,' 17 gloss. tri .l. gabal-lorg ina lámaib (of a `brugaid' and his retinue), Acall. 2442 . ? ¤rind: fo treith gabail-rindedh (-dech ?) a fork-pointed trident (?), O'Curry 573 ( H 3.18, 286 ; see 2 gabair, supra). ¤ṡliasait thigh : conbeicidís as a broind ... rodusmhuch fo gabalsliasaid, BB 257b33 . ¤ṡreng a plumb-line : Ni heasbhaidh don bhláith bháirrṡlim | ríaghail ghrinn nó gabhailṡreing, Ridgeway Essays , p. 6 .

gellaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gellaid or dil.ie/25587
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: gellad, gellamain

v Cf. gillim, LB 214a66 ( MacCongl. 21.6 ).

(a) pledges oneself, vows, promises: with DO of person to whom promise is made: ce gellaid ... ni comalland, Laws v 124.14 Comm. is iat-sede na comallat o gním in maith gellait o bélaib those are they that do not fulfil by deed the good which they promise with their lips, RC iv 250 § 15 . Cf. ii 388 § 13 . ni geallaim-si a n-ioc so I do not promise to heal them, TBC-LL¹ p. 619, n. 5 (St.). an ro gellad damsa ... tucthar dam, LU 10899 . `isim egen tra' ol Fer Baeth `darindgult' (gl. .i. ro gellus), 6019 . rogell Patraic ... do Shenpatraic, Lib. Hymn. 103.66 n . ra gellaisiu teiched remumsa, TBC-LL¹ 6060 ; 3026 . ní fil ní nad gellfad dar cend a enig, 817 . ni ragam do Ierusalem cia rogellsamm dula ind, Hom. Leg. 72.z . ro gell Irūath ... nāch bīad a dīn for talmain Herod vowed ..., ZCP viii 114 § 17 . gillim fiad nduilemain I vow before the Creator, MacCongl. 21.6 . rogheall ó Bhoirintt go Luimneach do lot he vowed he would destroy from ..., AFM v 1746.4 . Foll. by FRI (RE) of person: ro-gelltá friu in ní-sin, PH 897 . is fiach o gelltar ri (v.l. do) nech a promise made to a person is a debt incurred, Ériu ix 48 § 25 . TTebe 684 . Passing into sense foretells: dingna Eirenn ... a mbeith i fás is a fán | is edh sin ro geall Ruadhán, SG 70.42 . atchiu nél glas gellus brón, 230.27 . amail rusgellsad draidi ... doib, RC xiii 222.23 . faitsine geallus maith duit, xliii 102 § 105 . Ériu iii 168 § 24 . do gheall Críosd ... go ndinginte a dhiúltadh-san, Dán Dé xx § 6 ; xv § 18 .

(b) pledges: dligit nad ngellai oenach forru (of relations of king to his `tuath'), Laws iv 332.14 [`it is their right that he do not pledge them to hold an assembly,' Mac Neill]. gillfit di comad e ara baruch asidrula cini eta saidbre (leg. gillfid ?) he shall give a pledge, Laws i 120.27 Comm. Is í rogell Coinculainn o[i]dchchi samna dia saighid, Dinds. 53 (RC xv and ZCP ix 198 , BB = rodál, LL). rí fían ... rangell `held him in pledge,' Metr. Dinds. iii 250.119 . ? ni gelliub-sa acht fri indraic I shall not accept a pledge (?) except from a proper person,' Laws ii 122.15 Comm. Fig. wagers: `Ro gellsom,' ol Mongán, `ocus in fili ucut im aidid Fothaid' the poet and I have made a wager (lit. exacted pledges from each other) regarding ..., Imr. Brain i 47.21 ( LU 10979 ).

(c) gives in pledge: colpach gelluid gach n-oidhchi (of a hostage-surety), Laws ii 132.4 Comm. nech nad gella di troscud .i. nech na tabair gell do scuir troisc[th]e (sic leg. WS) he who does not give pledges [to settle] after fasting, i 114.15 Comm. Cf. O'D. 539 ( H 3.17, c.433 ). gellta dib la Coirpre pledges were given for them by C., Laws i 64.6 . C. rogell in athgabhail C. gave pledges for the distraint, 66.25 Comm.

(d) testifies: is andsin rodgella marbh for bíu, IT iii 201.15 . cidphe gellus dít ... im anmaim icom adrad gellfassa de fiad ili whoever testifies of thee ... I will bear witness of him, Trip. 140.19 = ZCP x 41.21 .

(e) ? ní rogelta (= in rogellta; nirbo gelta v.ll.) a guide , Metr. Dinds. iii 298.16 .

Vn. gellad, u m. pledging, promising; a pledge, a promise: a gellad do scaradh fri gach caingin indligthig, Laws v 124.13 gl. na comaillfed a gellad fri Dia, PH 3056 . leis an ngealladh gealltar leis, Studies 1919, 258 § 19 . na fir nar ob gealladh, Content. xxviii 64 . tar ghealladh against your promise, v 183 . g s. lanad gellta a full pledge, Laws v 416.21 gl. comad uidi anta uidi (a) gellta so that its period of stay is its period of pledging, i 176.30 Comm. i n-āge a gellta at the time it was promised, BColm. 92.3 . dol tar bharr a gheallta, TSh. 3672 . pl. fátsine ┐ gellta in choimded frínd, PH 2546 . tréna ngealltaibh dhamh, Studies 1924, 242 § 11 . Also gellamain, q.v. infra.

inichus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. inichus or dil.ie/28725

 

[n u, m.] (inich) perfection, completeness, fulness: indracus .i. inichus ... caiti innrucuis na fiach .i. caiti inichuis na fiach .i. dairt ┐ colpach ┐ samaisc, O'Dav. 1114. is ann ata an aithgin inech ┐ in dire inich in tan talladh in sét ┐ se inich, ┐ do gabhadh amuich é fon inecus cétna, ní mairenn itir é aithghin inich annsin ann ┐ dire inich, O'D. 662 (< H 3.17, col. 492a ) = fon i.¤ cetna, O'Curry 345 (< H 3.18, p. 191b ). ? in crioch i ndénann ... a cunnra ... meas ┐ focal ┐ i.¤ na criche sin uada, O'D. 665 (< H 3.17, c. 496a ).

lulgach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lulgach or dil.ie/31066
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: la(u)lgach, loilgech, l(a)ilgech, laelgach, lulach, lulaice, lilica

n ā, f. (possibly substantival use of adj. from lulaíg (see Celtica xxiv 223-24 ). See compds.) Also la(u)lgach, loilgech, l(a)ilgech, laelgach (see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 341 ). Later lulach. For g s. lulaice see GOI p. 69 ; n p. lilica (below) shows the same phon. development.

Milch-cow: fir na lulaici, Laws i 234.13 . lailgech ┐ colpach , iv 150.20 Comm . de loilig ( loelig, Corm. p. 35 ) find forscing, Corm. Y 1052 ( dia loifind form scing, 397 ). loilgech i fochraicc na trí cóicat co na n-imnaib, LB 12a18 . féth láig lilicca lachtmair `the look of a full-suckled milk-fed calf', MacCongl. 93.18 . caire lulaice lan do lemnacht, Laws ii 254.2 . i lestar lulaici, iv 166.3 Comm . secht lilica ┐ aire secht n-ech do braich, LL 286b37 . l.¤ ┐ dechelt do thabhairt di, Mon. Tall. 130.21 . ni geba cen loilgig he will not accept aught but a milch-cow, Anecd. i 48 § 9 . cét l.¤ ┐ da fichit ar cet do damaib, LU 1627 . boi cethraca l.¤ oca fria mbíathad na mac, LU 1556 . dí laulgaich deec ó mmeltar ól n-aiss ó cech áe, TBFr. 179 . dí lilgaib (leg. lilgaig) déc, Irish Texts i 35.30 . lailiucha (laeghleogha v.l.) na colpacha ina ré (of a prosperous reign), CF 73.9 . So also: lulgacha na láeigh i n-a remes, Airne F. 356 . tri fichit cét lilgach, Sc.M² 2 . ros edbair in tricha loilgech cona laeghaibh dhó, Lism. L. 3350 = Lat. Lives 101.15 . bud terc suth na loilghech, ZCP x 50.8 . se lulacha, Laws v 402.16 Comm . geimm fiu laulgaid a gem of the value of a milch cow, IT iii 238.104 . tráth laodhlaighe milking time, BNnÉ 213 n. 4 (tráth nóna, text). loilgecha cona laecchaib (: tuillmecha), Irish Texts ii 5 § 31 . seacht gcéad loiligheach, Maguires of F. 75 . aideach .i. loil[g]each, Lec. Gl. M 168.354 . loilghidh, crodh bainne, Eg. Gl. 420 . glacaidh dhá loilghidh, 1 Sam. vi 7. Note also: ruire l.¤ (.i. laoch), ZCP v 487 § 12 (B. na f.). lulghach gach láoch, Metr. Gl. Ff. 23 . In n. loc.: Sruth Dā Loilghech, ZCP viii 222.11 .

meirle

Cite this: eDIL s.v. meirle or dil.ie/31816
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: meirli, , -dha

n , f., meirli (pl. ¤ , -dha), IGT Dec. § 3.5 . Stealing, robbing; robbery (a stronger term than gait, but often used as synonym): m.¤ .i. goid, Lec. Gl. 224. it comféich . . . in gad is tāige, a tāige is merlle, Laws v 458.6 . bo . . . a ngait margaite . . . colpach a ngait mar-mei[r]le, H 3.18 p. 454a ( O'Curry 1139 ). in meirli, SR 3570 (n s.). truag . . . far ngabail ic m.¤ , 3568 . fer gaite meirle, Triads 141. ar tí m.¤ ┐ gaiti forsan cill, Fél. 134.35 . goid no m.¤ , BNnÉ 263.6 . scris na merli a hÉrinn, IGT Dec. ex. 155. do merli a groid to rob his stud, Fen. 350.17 . comét . . . in buair . . . ar chonaib, ar chuan-meirle `thievish wolves', Metr. Dinds. iv 338. ina uaimh lattronn ┐ ina mhuine m.¤ `a den of robbers and a cover for plunderers', AFM vi 2106.21 . Ath Cliath do losccadh . . . i merle by stealth (? marauding), CS 242.19 . (with -gh): cin merligh, Ériu lix 124 § 7 . In concrete sense: fear ro ith m.¤ , Eg. 88, fo. 50d ( O'Curry 2596 ), cf. Laws i 238.13 .

screpul(l), scripul(l)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. screpul(l), scripul(l) or dil.ie/36628

 

Forms: sgriball, sgreball

n o, m. (Lat. scripulus, see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 211 ) sgriball, sgreball, IGT Decl. § 17 (71.18) . a scruple : screpul quasi scripul, ab eo quod est scripulus , Corm. Y 1150 . ? dee .i. screbal, O'Mulc. 336 . ? scrupul .i. cloch fil a muir ruaidh .i. comthrom screpaill, conadh uaithi aderar, O'Curry 1466 ( H 3.18, 651 ).

(a) in Laws a unit of value, ⅟24 of an ounce or milch cow and equal to 3 pinginn. See Thurn., ZCP xiv 342 , xv 254 . uair .ui. grainni .x. ┐ .u. ced ┐ .lx. comtrom uingi. Uair cethra graindi fiched cruithnechta comtrom in screpaill airgid 576 grains make an ounce . . . 24 grains of wheat make a scruple of silver, Laws v 18.8 Comm . ó she lethpendingib gabar inotacht in tomhais; na sé lethpendinge is trí lán pendinge, na trí lan pendinge is screpall, ┐ is amhluidh so ro soich in tricha scripall on aig the three full pinginn make a s., O'D. 903 ( H 3.17, 645 ). ro suidiged a fochraicside for seot (sic leg.) deich screbul a sét of the value of ten scripuli, Laws iv 212.x . ro suidiged for seot (sic leg.) .ui. scripall (sic leg.) a fuillem, v 378.5 . colpach ocht scribull (sic leg.) acht cethoro pingeinne a heifer of eight s. less four pence, 172.2 Comm . molt . . . .i. s.¤ a fiu, ii 226.11 , see ZCP xiv 342 . in screpall (sic leg.) .i. log fir fognama ┐ meich, i 212.16 Comm . doní saorus in breithemh . . . don screpall deolaidh, O'D. 559 ( H 3.17, 439 ). naidm fri tri certle is fiu screpull, O'Dav. 617 (cf. Ériu xiii 43.19 ). scripul i turorguin uire iar trib druchtaibh, 677 . For s.¤ indracuis see indracus. In non-legal documents: sē scripuil for unga an ounce and six scruples (a fine), Cáin Ad. 44 . inna da sill is da scripul co leth, RC viii 368.3 . co rirfe in fer uallach a enech ┐ a anmain ar lóg ōenscripuil, xxvi 44.5 . gach teine . . . do bhíodh screaball nó trí pinginne ag rígh Múmhan do chíos uirre, Keat. ii 3819 . Note also: cuitbide . . . .i. ní ferr lethscripul `not better than half a scruple' (i.e. valueless) gl. fribolus, Sg. 49b10 .

(b) the s.¤ óir probably represented a different value (not found in Laws): nī rogaib A. acht . . . screpald óir cecha bantōsigi, Cáin Ad. 24 . screbal óir gach fhir, Acall. 1432 . a chís rigda . . . .i. screpall óir . . . .i. cethraimthi uinge óir a scruple of gold, i.e. ¼ of an ounce, LB 132b3 . achtmad oen-screpul óir no argit, LL 304a11 ( RC xiii 86.12 , SG 379.20 , Lism. L. 307.27 ).

(c) in general sense of fee, contribution, tribute, cess (freq. of the sum paid to a cleric for the exercise of his office, etc.): roddet o manchaib na túath | . . . | in screpol issin cendfhathe the s.¤ and (`in', Ed.) the bequest (?), Ériu viii 68.24 (see cennaithe). screpul doberar do gilli no óclig `a groat' (as a reward), Mon. Tall. 143.8 ( den scribul, 12 ). screpul fóss is cūairt is cāin | duit, a C[h]olmāin, BColm. 48.30 . da n-ícat mo screpul-sa (said by Moling), Anecd. ii 34 § 2 . Mael-Isu, comarba Patraic, for cuairt Muman . . . co tuc a lanchuairt, eter screpal ┐ edpurta `both cess and donations', AU ii 20.2 , cf. 76.12 ff . tucsad screball cumaili cacha tuaithi do cacha bliadna .i. tri ba ┐ timthacht cach rig dogebad rigi da cloind they gave him (St. Cormac) a s.¤ of the value of a cumal for every túath, Irish Texts iii 4 § 10 (= BB 234a25 ). sgreball caethrech a tribute of sheep, Hy Maine 80.6 . With qualifying gen.: do orduigh screaball baithis Pádraig ar gach neach da ngabhadh baisteadh san Mhumhain .i. trí pinginne Patrick's baptismal fee, Keat. iii 377 . Cf. doberar screaball dó ara bhaisded .i. sect pinginne oir, Lism. L. 2832 . dorat Ciarán a clog do Caeimgen i comurtha a n-oentad ┐ i screpul a chomnae as his communion-fee, 4470 . an sgreaball ongtha fee for unction, Hy Maine 80.1 . doberatt bale . . . dō ina screpul soscēlae `gospel-tax', BColm. 42.13 . screpall soiscéla, a airdrí Muman . . . Cá screpall sin, a chleirig? . . . Crich ┐ ferann don chleirech, ar Beineoin, Acall. 5393 (`gospel-penny', Gloss.). doratt . . . na hImlecha i screpall a thodhuisci do Dia ┐ do Chiarán as a fee for his restoration to life, RC xxvi 370.27 = ACL iii 226.2 . ? Cf. screpall ar feoil | eoinmhet ar eoch mall (screpul ar feoil naige, v.l.), IT iii 84.11 .

(d) as a unit of weight: nī fuirecht cid óen screpul ba mo tríun arailiu `that one third was greater than another by a single scruple' (of a piece of silver broken into three pieces), Hy. v 80 ( Thes. ii 346 ). ro cuiredh a chorp a comrair fo iadhadh, ┐ tucait secht scribhaill de ór fora ucht, RC xlvi 248.30 . See scrubul.

(e) piece, morsel : screapall beg don chiaraigh `a little piece of the wax', Fl. Earls 34.17 . ro tescadh screpal beac dieroile chloich ndīp, 164.28 . Cf. scrupul.

sechbath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sechbath or dil.ie/36756

 

Forms: seachbhath, seachbhoith, seathfaid

n a heifer : lúaithreadh seachbhuaidhthe, Heb. ix 13 . colluid, colpach, seachbhuidh, `a heifer, a cow', Eg. Gl. 187 . seachbhath f. `a heifer'; gen. seachbhoith, O'R. `seathfaid, a heifer. This word seems confined to the county of Kilkenny and the adjoining districts', O'Don. Suppl. See Dinneen .

2 sét

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 sét or dil.ie/37323

 

Forms: séuti, seuta, seda, séd, séda, seóide, sét

n o, m. Note a p. séuti, Wb. 23d4 . See GOI § 280 (6) . Later n p. seuta, Trip. 128.28 . seda, D IV 2, 78rb40 . séd (búadha) m. (g s. also séda), IGT Decl. § 62 . Later also f. g s. seóide suarraighe, TSh. 10638 .

I Legal.

(a) an object of value, a chattel (used especially of livestock, the chief medium of exchange in ancient Ireland). clithar sēt . . . .i. rī[g]-sēt . . . sēt gabla . . . is é as laigheam and .i. dartait firend ┐ colpac[h] bonend, no colpach firend ┐ dartaid boinend. Samuisc in sēd tanaisi. Lulgach nō dam timchill arat[h]air in t[r]ess sēt, Corm. Y 209 . seotu .i. scuithi, O'Curry 2247 ( Eg. 88, fo. 18 ). athgabail set co nimcloi dilsi, Laws i 246.20 . ma marathar seoit ernes flaith . . . ni obund flaith a seotu, ii 316.18 (= ZCP xiv 384 § 49 ). athgabail fir laisi fuirecar set turoirgni neimid for a indile `the stolen beast of a "nemed"' v 260.z , see O'Dav. 1503 . caiti somoíne ṡ.¤ ind ḟir sin, Críth G. 253 . cid dia setaib fadesin is dilis don c[h]etmuintir in c[h]oibche sin, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 49 § 23 = Laws ii 382.15 . cóic s.¤ di neoch rodmbí, di arggut nó umu nó ibur, Críth G. 282 . im secht seotu tige airech, Laws i 124.6 .i. sechta seotu airech . . . | . . . | caire, dabach, escra, ian, | arathain echsrian no delg, 134.9 Comm .

(b) a unit of value (= ½ a milch cow): ocht mba[i] a th[a]ur-chrecc, it é .x. séoit insin, Críth G. 105 . cuic seoit hi lobud cacha hathgabala ro midir Morand; noch fil tri seota cacha tratha ro follaigther co aurlaind a dithma, Laws i 102.7 .i. tri ba inlaega ar da m-buaib tre laega, 19 Comm . airigh feada . . . cuic seoit a ndire cach ae; bo [ina] buinbeím, colpach ína ngablaib, dairt ina craebaib, iv 146.22 . aen set gabla diri fochlaccain, v 58.16 . cuic seoit for neach biathus elodhuch ar a finnathur, iii 60.1 . iarruid mic righ triuchu set, ii 154.14 . unga arcait ind ┐ cóic seóit ó suidiu anund (for grinding in a mill on Sunday), Ériu ii 204 § 23 . do-beir . . . i s.¤ gives as compensation : dombert in cathbarr don cruitire i seot á imdergta, D IV 2, 53rb34 .

in s.¤ foraici uingi `a 'sét' worth an ounce' enters into the arrangement about a cargo-ship which comes aground on a person's land. See ZCP xvi 409 : is ann ata set sé screpall uaithi, no set foraici uingi, in tan tainic fo thomus duine airithi hi, ocus ní na [f]lesc lama sin fein do rala iat acht a ferann duine aile na comocus, Laws iii 426.19 Comm .

s.¤ gertha, a present given by foster-parents to a foster-child, varying according to the rank of the fosterling's father, which binds the fosterling to look after his foster-parents, see Stud. in E. Ir. Law p. 10 , 190 . [s]et gerta cach meic, Laws ii 190.13 . lan set gertha no leth set gertha uaithi do iar naois diailtre, ii 348.9 . mad mana imna no seota gerta no gaire, iii 50.26 .

s.¤ rodairc a `sét' estimated by sight : in set foraici uingi, no in set se screpall no in set rodairc, i 202.29 Comm . dlegur do cach bairc ┐ do cach bleith s.¤ rodhairc, O'Dav. 273 .

s.¤ turchluide is used of a grant of stock from a lord to his client, see s.v. turchluide: logh einech cach ain is edh a seota turcluide, ZCP xiv 342 § 4 . caitiat seoit turchluide caich fo miad? . . . tri seoit da ogairigh, tri secht cumula do ruirig, cethri secht cumula do ri ruiriuch, 340 § 2 . maniro-era flaith seotu turcluide, is dilus trian na set iar n-ecaibh na flatha don ceili, maniro-metha fair forsin cele, cenirobiatha eitir, 363 § 23 .

II In more general sense a valuable article of property, a treasure; in pl. treasures, possessions, wealth: ni ar séuti na máini robcarsi Tíamthe, Wb. 23d4 . nibu ar chuingid for s.¤ `it was not for the sake of asking your treasures', 24d7 . brethae ho suidiu mór du setaib do Abimelech hi terfochraic marbtha Dauid, Ml. 52 . int seuit bite hí cách crích, 122a4 . a taidchrec co sommataid ┐ setaib leu, 123c10 . ba ingnad a lestar, ba dia [sh]etaib ingantaib ind rig, Irish Texts i 10 § 32 . tucad dóib an ba táriu da sétaib, co festais cia díb da m-bad lia séoit ┐ móine ┐ indmassa, TBC-LL¹ 62 . in s.¤ sainemail sin . . . .i. Dond Cualnge, 95 . ni messa Conchobar do charait ┐ dano do thabairt s.¤ ┐ indile, Sc.M² 2 . ni-raibi . . . set na biadh na brat na dergud ann, Thurn. Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 42 § 3 . tárgud amra isin taig do cholcthechaib ┐ brothrachaib ┐ di sétaib ingantaib, LU 11045 . roidhbair a séodu ule . . . etir eocho ┐ indile ┐ edach ┐ fidhcill ┐ brandam ┐ bogha ┐ bolgṡaighid ┐ stabuill, RC xviii 182.7 . ciar ba bocht deroil a seda sa bith frecnairc, D IV 2, 78rb40 . da madh áil leis seóide (seoid, v.l.) ┐ máoini d'fhagbail, BS § 15 . ní ḟúair sinn acht na séda | uaidh do chind a coimhéda, IGT Decl. ex. 1475 . cruit ollamhan ḟola Búrcach | tre bhioth síor budh séad fa chion, TD 25.31 . séad saorchon, 25.27 . More specifically an ornament, jewel : in s.¤ arggait .i. in main no set arcait, Thes. ii 346.77 . a cétlá fosfuarsa ind ordnaisc . . . rofetar ropu s.¤ cáeim, TBFr. 330 . conríccatar a seuít frie .i. iii ungai argait ┐ cann (?) argit ┐ muince iii nungae, Trip. ii 340.18 . aidme altoire, seoit aenaig, .i. in prim deilge .i. na seoit gnathaither do breith i n-aenach, 129 Comm . is é sin ionadh as mó a fríth dór ┐ dairccet, ocus dfionndruine, ┐ do leccaibh . . . ro tionóiledh co haon ionadh na seoitt sin, Cog. 114.21 . do chuir mé séud oirdheirc air hédan ┐ clúasfháinneadha ann do chlúasaibh, Ezekiel xvi 12 . thug an tóglach amach séoid airgid agus séoid óir, Gen. xxiv 53 . in ti no cinnfedh ar aei cloichi licc loghmar dó . . . ┐ colg déd don tí no cinnfedh for aighe eoch. ocus do-radadh na seoid sin uile do Ercuil, Stair Erc. 203 .

Fig. of something precious or beloved: s.¤ baitsi ┐ comnae, | aithne, écnairc nosgeba `the jewel of baptism', Ériu iii 98 § 10 . sealbh an anaim is sé an séad | créad fa raghainn a Dhé dhíod, Dán Dé ix 21 . séad ar n-adhradh druim ar druim (of the Eucharist), Aithd. D. 53.12 . cosg ar chrú t'álaidh do ḟéd | an séd tárraidh tú don tréod, IGT Decl. ex. 1476 . co tart Finnchua a sheut anmcharut a inad fein ar nimh dhosomh Lism. L. 2930 . fuaradar na trí seoide sin bás Mochua's cock, mouse and fly), Keat. iii 1130 .

With defining adj.: s.¤ búada a choice object : ní ar son gcruidh ná gcupadh n-óir, | séad mbuadha nó brat ndonnṡróil, TD 3.7 . seóid bhuadha do bhí san toighsin, 11.33 . bean nar chuir i séad bhuadha brígh, PBocht 2.33 . Metaph. sed buadha ogbhan Eiriond (of a woman), Irish Texts ii 105.10 . s.¤ fine a valuable object belonging to a fine, an heirloom: dobeir Socht [in] luighi corbo sed fine do in claideb, IT iii 201.5 . roraidh in ri gur' s.¤ fine do righraidh Seylam in cloch sin, Marco P. 169 . rocuir . . . a sheotu fine don dun sin dia n-imcoimet, 82 . sed fine na fer sin 'na laim .i. claidim . . . Laiiuis, TTebe 4575 . cuach ríogh Connacht . . . séad fine ós na séadaibh súd, Aithd. D. 9.1 . Fig. iodhbairt an Aifrinn, is é is feidhm di, bheith . . . ina seoid fine ┐ ina comhartha cumainn againn, Eochairsg. 27.26 . a ṡéad fine (of a queen), TD 33.3 . s.¤ flatha a valuable object worthy of a prince : rainic an chloch co C. ┐ doba séd flatha an séd rainic é, Ériu iv 54 § 27 . gan mhac samhla na séad bhflatha, TD 25.23 . s.¤ suirge a love-token : do thinnlaic ben a sed suirghe | d'éd re fer Bruigne Dá Berg, Irish Texts ii 48 § 24 . brégthar ben ré séd suirge, Ériu viii 84.78 . cuiridh bean éduigh eile | seadh nar séduibh suirghine, IGT Decl. ex. 819 . docuir techta leisin cenn cum ingine righ Albun mur sed suirgi `as a token of love' (sending the head of a foe), ZCP vi 275.14 .

tech s.¤ a place in which valuables are kept: scrinire nó fer tige sæt gl. arcarius ciuitatis, Wb. 7c9 . fo teach na sed, CF 417 . do thaisbein sé dhóibh tigh a shéud, Isaiah xxxix 2 . Fig. ar dteach séad (of a poet), TD 25.7 .

Compds. ¤bronntach treasure-bestowing : iomad . . . de shaoithibh saora seod-bhronntacha, GJ iv 17b29 . ¤chomartha a monument, an heirloom : séadchomhartha (translating monumenta) d'fhágbháil dá n-és, Celtica i 96.263 . do hadhnaicthí go honórach é. maille ré séadchomharthaibh suaitheanta do thógbháil ós a chionn, TSh. 5729 . séadchomharthaidhe da ngoirthear i Laidin monumenta, Keat. ii 5055 . atáid . . . re a bhfaicsin i n-Éirinn aniu . . . 'n-a séadchomharthaidhibh ó aimsir na Págántachta iomad de leacaibh róleathna . . ., 5427 . dealg . . . do fhágbhadh gach rí mar shéadchomhartha ag gach rígh thigeadh 'n-a dhiadh, iii 1233 . ¤lón precious food : is he in corp sa s. saídbir na n-íriseach viaticum, LB 251b28 . ¤múr: críoch Mhumhan na séadmhúr sídh `of rich . . . dwellings', Studies 1920, 97 § 1 .

1 tárr(th)aigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 tárr(th)aigid or dil.ie/40149

 

v g (late denom. vb., see under tárrachtain) overtakes, catches, seizes: do neoch ro etar do gabail .i. tartaigther, O'Dav. 723 , cf. 1372 . cid leth colpach tarraighther is seized, Laws ii 204.3 Comm. in focal tres-a tarraigter ciall comshlan `the word through which is got perfect sense,' v 4.17 Comm. ? athgabail tuathaig tra airm hi tarrachar, is and a forus, H 3.18, 372b ( O'Curry 803 ). tar gach ealadhain abaidh dár thárrthuigh | seacht dteangtha do lábhradh which he had mastered, Hackett xl 79 . ní bhfuil ... pongc gliocais ... nár theastaidh, nár bhailigh, 's nár thárrthuigh there was no kind of skill which he had not tested, taken to himself and made his own, 92 . ? mac máthar dá ndáilid filidh | mír ós mnáibh a dtárthaidh ise `whom the poets love to give the palm to over rival ladies,' Ó Bruad. ii 186. Cf. tartaide.

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