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achad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. achad or dil.ie/186

 

n o, m. expanse of ground; pasture, field: nochon ássa froíchne isin maigin sin sech i nn-achud olchenae, Trip.² 1022 . in temairgnechus (= t-imairgnechus) do niat imuich ar in n-a.¤ (of oxen), Laws iii 266.19 Comm. ri achaid uír ibhardraignígh, IT iii 12 § 17 . is clár tilte do thoighibh / druim an achaidh fhionnchloidhidh, Ériu v 60.2 . síl nÁdhuimh ar gach n-a.¤ , iv 118 § 33 . is ris samlaim-si Rathen / re hachadh do mhuigh nimhe, BNnÉ 313 § 6 . drumchla áluinn gach achaidh, DDána 37.25 . ní faicfidhear mé ar achaidhibh ná ar bóithribh, Hackett xxvi 17 . ? coma suaiti achaidi (acuraidh v.l.) slebe Menail, TTebe 1555 . Of a field of battle: dolluid Bress co mbruthgail / dia mesc co lar n-achaid, LL 214b35 . fir allaid ar cach achud, Metr. Dinds. iv 284.19 . Eochaid, ba airech achaid, 23 . ilcinela na hAffraici . . . ar aenachadh, CCath. 4746 . bacc n-achaid an (enclosed) corner or angle of a field used as a paddock(?): firgabail . . . ic a thig fein .i. isin druim fri lias, no isin mbac-nacha[i]dth, Laws i 92.11 Comm. for conuir . . . cin a lecud isin mbac nachuid, ii 84.12 Comm. in bo ina foxul as in mbac n-achaid no as in druim fri lias, 464.19 Comm. See also 1 bacc.

Common in n.loc., see Hog. Onom. Also in synonyms for Ireland: coíc achaid Uisnig, LL 295b32 ( SG 361.22 ). Achadh Airt, Content. xv 69 . ceann muirir chraobhAchaidh Chuinn, TD 18.7 . ar fud chladhachaidh Chobhthoigh, 4.26 .

acra

Cite this: eDIL s.v. acra or dil.ie/227

 

n (with voiceless -c-) (Engl. loanword?) acre: Clúain dá a.¤ , Gorm. Sept. 21 gloss I. neach gan a.¤ d'fhearann, DDána 46.37 . gan poinn do mhuig . . . Fhlainn / nach bfuil na nacraib againne, O'Gr. Cat. 374.25 . dá fhichit a.¤ fo thri / ag sin fearann na seisrighi, ML 109 n.l . sé fichid a.¤ san tseisrigh, Keat. i 112.10 . Perh. also: coma suaiti acuraidh slebe M., TTebe 1555 n. 22 = achaidi, text.

ad-naisc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-naisc or dil.ie/519
Last Revised: 2019

 

v (*aith-nasc-) = naiscid: adronaisc boroma Lagen, Rawl. B 503, 9a1 (Plummer MS notes). sochla set adnaiscer `famous the jewel which is pledged', Misc. Hag. Hib. 29 § 43 . Prob. also in: ro athnaisc-sium forra a choraibh, RC xliii 72.19 . ra athnaiscset na cuir, 74.1 . athnascfid Cass coma ṅgiall, LL 18443 (`will bind', PRIA xix 543 ).

1 airches

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 airches or dil.ie/1704

 

Forms: aircheist, airchess, airceist, airrcis, airrcheisd, airchisse, airrceis, airrc[h]eist, aircéssa, arrchesaib

n f. Also aircheist. n s. airchess, Metr. Dinds. iv 122.25 . airceist, ML 162.8 . a s. airrcis, Dinds. 93 . airrcheisd, ALC i 384.y . g s. airchisse, ZCP viii 310.38 . d s. airrceis, LU 1354 . airrc[h]eist, Ériu xi 48.29 . a p. aircéssa, Alex. 863 . d p. arrchesaib, H 3.18 541a10 . For unlenited c in Mod. Ir. see Duan. F. Gloss . (aircisid). See also Vendr. Lex., Lochlann ii 209 and Ériu xix 111 .

(a) act of trapping; trap, snare: arc[h]es .i. ab arceo .i. ōn c[h]umgach .i. īarsinnī doimairg innī tēit ind (innte v.l.), Corm. Y 15 . caite deochuir itir seilg fiadach ┐ airnelaib ┐ airrchesaib . . . sealg .i. for aighib, fiadach for milaip muighib, ┐ airrchesaib for mucaib allta ┐ arnelai for enaib, H 3.18, 541a10 ( Auraic. 113 ). is e cétna ro indlestar airrcis ┐ cuithig ar tús i nErind, Dinds. 93 ( RC xvi 44.7 ). do a.¤ AR to entrap, ambush: doluid side do hairchis ar fiadrad, ZCP viii 310.39 . doluidh C. . . . d'airrc[h]eist ar Lomma gur marbsat hé C. went to ambush L., Ériu xi 48.29 . ba himhecal leis D. . . . do airrceiss for a chind that D. would lay a trap for him, RC xx 52.24 .

(b) encounter, meeting: dá ndiultadh m'oirchis-se, DDána 11.30 . T. do ghabhail go holc leis na Saxanachaib tareis arrcisse do chur air ┐ a thiachtain 'n-a ceann leis an arrcis sin safe conduct, appointment for a meeting(?), AU iii 602.20 . do-beir a.¤ AR encounters, engages: adcuas do mac F. . . . innsin go ttucc airrchis orra (= tuc airrcheisd, ALC i 384.y . arrchest, Ann. Conn. 1249.5 ) `marched to meet them', AFM iii 332.16 . tuc Muiredach . . . aircis ar tossach na tren-sluag, Celt. Rev. iv 212.5 . ag tabairt aircissi ar anam a fir posda fen meeting her husband's soul, BCC 228.11 . minic dorad ingean óg / airchis ar neach a n-allód `put her spells', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 410.24 . téit (or other vb. of motion) i n-a.¤ X goes to meet x; pursues x: do luid . . . a Tracia i nairchis a muintiri, Laws i 22.1 Comm. tainicc ina n-airrcis . . . dochum an puirt, BNnÉ 70 § 118 . eirgitt uile 'na n-airrceis they rise and go to meet them, 269 § 240. do chúaid ind airrcis A., ITS xvi 60.29 . rith sé ina airicis, GJ vii 108a5 . adubairt ris mo long do tabairt i m'aircis go cúan Cuili `to meet me', Celt. Rev. iv 10.23 . ro chingseat . . . hi ccoinne ┐ hi ccert airrcis an tslua[i]gh, AFM iv 1214.13 . do cuaidh in airchis na ccreach go ttarla na ccenn é `in pursuit of', AFM iii 452.21 . tángatar tromsluagh Tuadmuman gu tindesnach na taobairrchist `in vehement pursuit' Caithr. Thoirdh. 90.9 .

(c) Gramm. in phr. innscne airchisi i.e. a conjugated prep. differing in gender from the noun to which it refers when separated from it by other words: ata conchlann gan úidh air / fá comthrom lúidh is lámhuigh, lochdach munab cóir d'innscni airchisi (the difficulty is apparently that `air' refers to `conchlann' which is fem.), IGT Decl. ex. 530 . fúair coma nach creite a méd / ní ḟéd dola seici súd, lochtach acht munab cóir d'innscne airchisi (here f. seici refers to m. coma ), ex. 234 .

airec

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airec or dil.ie/1890

 

o, gender uncertain, see GOI p. 448 . Vn. of ar-icc. Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 552 .

(a) act of finding, obtaining; acquiring: ordd airic fil fuiri gl. x . . . quae nouissime a Latinis assumpta post omnes ponitur, Sg. 4b9 . Cf. ord arric crutha na ndul, Laws i 26.6 Comm. ara airiuc far diull tanaisiu `for its being found in the second declension', Sg. 106b20 . re n-a.¤ éta ┐ω gl. sicut etiam apud antiquissimos Graecorum erant ante inuentionem η et ω, 5a11 . is cuit airicc camai ni gaib airechas gl. inuenio igitur legem resistentem uolenti mihi facere bonum, Wb. 3d8 . is suaichnid sund tra as rect maid asmbeir do airiuc túas gl. legi Dei, 10 . a.¤ .i. faghail, ut est a.¤ cinn Johannis ( Fél. Feb. 27 ), O'Dav. 75 . is andso fri ha.¤ `it is difficult to acquire' (of learning a game), Ériu v 30 z . cuithchi airricc `a pitfall', vii 152.16 .

(b) act of inventing, devising; invention, contrivance, plan: aireacc .i. inntleacht, O'Cl. ēces .i. . . . ēcmacht a ches d[o] airiuc i cetheora rannaib fis filidechta, Corm. Y 538 . cethardai condagar da cech elathain .i. locc ┐ aimser ┐ persa ┐ fáth airicc the cause of composition, Fél. 2 . fath airic, Laws i 26.9 . caide loc ┐ aimser ┐ persu ┐ fath airic in ogaim? BB 308b44 . fāth airicc a dēnma .i. do díchor in luin crāeis, MacCongl. 3.10 . ros-bendach Dia na dúile ┐ ro faillsig fáth a n-airicc the reason for their creation, Fél. 2.33 . issed cethardha ara taisilbthar int psailm alis personis: airecc intliuchta ┐ gnathugad cetail . . . inventiveness of mind, Hib. Min. 5.160 . frith airecc ingnadh ┐ elada firglicc le muintir C., CCath. 2139 . dognítis airci druadh ┐ brechta nua, 3956 . dus cred aireacc do ghendais da saoradh ar dhilinn, Leb. Gab.(i) 10.7 . in fuigbi airicc dī tresa roised in tarb do comaentugud fria . . . is í airig forfuair in cerd .i. bó cranda do dhénum dhí . . ., ZCP iv 238.27 . conidh edh airecc fuairset cuibhrighi do chur fair (of conspirators), BNnÉ 296 § 30 . is e airic arancatar Greic each cranda do denum plan, Aen. 416 . bá sé airecc ar rainicc lais celcc do indell, AFM vi 1976.y . ba hi so . . . oirecc pene nua fogebthea forru a new means of inflicting pain, LB 156b55 . ? aireg .i. sgíath, ut est Táin: mo a.¤ dam a Láigh or C., Ériu xiii 64 § 34 . aireac .i. sgiath, Stowe Gl. 23 . arach .i. sciath, 200 . ? deil i na.¤ laime, O'Curry 591 ( H 3.18, 291 ). See Lochlann ii 211 . In cheville: amru aireg, Anecd. i 57 § 61 . In phrase A.¤ menman device, plan, project: basedh aireag menman arriocht la hUa nD. `this was the plan adopted by O'D.', Hugh Roe² 168.6 (fo. 43a) . conad hi a.¤ menman forfhuair `project', Marco P. 191 . ba mor . . . aireg meanman na mban so resourcefulness, Leb. Gab.(i) 158 n.8 . contuiled cach n-aidchi oca comaidecht do airic menman conda thainic a sult ┐ a feth `he used to sleep every night by her side comforting her', Ériu xii 156.3 (TE2). In title of a tale: a.¤ Menman Uraird Maic Coisse, Anecd. ii 42 ; `Verstandes-Erfindung', Heldensage 21 .

(c) providing, supplying (food, entertainment, etc.): trian a toraid cacha bliadna doratsat fria haireac (of a feast), BB 255a41 . dochōid for m'einech . . . a.¤ (tairec v.l.) co A. ┐ M. co mbúaib, ZCP iv 44.29 ( TBFr. 363 ). oc airiuc don t-ṡlúag os a cind, IT i 67.3 (LMU). coma hairec(h) aibhnisa d'ocaibh . . . eisteacht . . . , pleasure , BB 257b15 . Esp. in phrase a.¤ tuile waiting on, pleasing, satisfying , see tol I (d).

(d) act of determining, guiding: luamhaire . . . do a.¤ no do fhollamnacht na hecalsa, Lism. L. 2741 . doréir in tsenaidh ┐ airicc in popoil `by the will of the senate and the finding of the people', CCath. 76 .

2 airge

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 airge or dil.ie/2026

 

n rafter, beam: do thuit airrghe an tighe a gcend Mhaghnusa, ALC i 364.15 = fécce, AFM iii 312.5 . Of a spear: athchuiris uad an sleig coma hairgi astoid on tsliasaid co 'raill do eoch E. in birbodba sin, TTebe 4501 . Cf. 1 airide ?

anfolad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anfolad or dil.ie/3585

 

Forms: anfolta

adj (folud). Predominantly in pl. (anfolaid, anfolta). Later (in sense II) with sg. anfola as dental stem (cf. 2 fola).

I Legal. Lit. bad `folud' (see Thurn. ZCP xiv 374 ). Always of improper conduct or behaviour by one party to a contract, settlement, etc. In Laws and Plummer MS notes translated disqualification , by Thurneysen schlechtes Gehaben, etc.: da ndernu in flaith indligedh marbtha res in cele is dilus do . . . imsgar res tre anfoltuib flatha i.e. if the lord commits a murder which injures the client the latter may withdraw from his relationship with him, Laws ii 274.9 Comm. tria anbfoltaibh flatha (of a lord who brings a larger retinue to the house of a tenant than he is entitled to), 232.8 Comm. imscarad imtoga . . . cen anfolta nechtar da lina i.e. a separation by mutual choice of `flaith' and `céile' without either being guilty of wrong conduct, ZCP xiv 384 § 49 ( Laws ii 312 ). imscarad do-tluigi(g)t[h]er flaith fri aigillni na bit anfolaid in ceili gaibter ann i.e. a separation which the `flaith' wishes but not because of any misconduct on the part of the `céile', 385 § 50 (ib. 316 ). imscarad fri hanmolta (leg. anfolta, Ed.) aicgillne mad anfoltach in cele frisin flaith, 387 § 53 (ib. 324 ). imscarad fri anfolta flatha, 387 § 52 (ib. 322 ). bit dono anfolaid beca and cheana na tuillet anisin, 388 § 53 . imscarad contethgatar anfolaid cechtar da lina an am inda-frecrat anfolaid fo cutruma separation due to bad conduct on both sides, 388 § 54 (ib. 326 ). cach innurbut anfoluid every (woman ?) whom bad conduct causes to be repudiated, Laws iii 60.17 . atait secht n-anfolaid fofuaslaicet udhburta in domain i.e. there are seven actions (repugnant to a church) by which one may nullify one's gifts (of land to a church), v 128.13 . tir aduberar do eaclais ar anmain, nad oide folta ata coire fri hubairt (text) .i. . . . ni dona anfoltaib fofuaslaicet udbarta in domain uil ann aice, 430.11 Comm. na nai ngrada deidinach so . . . ni caemtheta dire . . . na hanfolta, iv 352.9 . anfoladh ┐ docerd ┐ anendge (oppd. to airilliudh ┐ indrucus ┐ endce), 344.15 . Note also: ca coma iarrái ar mac micc in rigfeinded? . . . Gan mo léicen . . . nóco tí m'anfalta fein rium till I give reason through my own deficiencies (of a betrothal), Acall. 5700 . Cf. II (c).

II General.

(a) injury, wrong, injustice (where a poss. precedes this has objective force): ba anfola ┐ ba immarcraid ┐ ba écóir a cartad a purt, LL 220a18 ( TTr. 216 ). is forrán fích rabar foglúais ┐ iss anfola immarcraid, 238b18 (ib. 1612 ). i n-a fích immarcraid ┐ i n-a anfolaid anfóill, 222a43 (ib. 377 ). imda ar n-anfala na tig / ic clannaib Labrada Longsich many the injuries done to us(?), 6982 . do cuimnigh a egóir ┐ a anfolaid `his wrongs and injuries', Celt. Rev. iv 14.18 . ? marb an rí . . . / d'fuillídhain is d'anḟalaigh, Acall. 1203 v.l.

Very common with verbs of avenging, pardoning, etc.: acc aithe a ndímiadha a n-anffaladh ┐ a n-aincridhe, AFM v 1614.23 . d'aithe a anffoladh ar a eassccairdibh, vi 2146.15 . fear aithe a anfhalta, MR 262.12 . cen a ancraide ┐ can a anfolaid do dígail, LL 227b10 ( TTr. 761 ). do ḟogail a n-anfolaid for Troiannu, LL 231b49 (`illgotten wealth', TTr. 1081 ). aicsiu cach ríg . . . d'iarraid a n-a.¤ for Troianaib, 232b41 ( 1156 ). díghēlum a[r] n-anfolta fuirri, Fianaig. 54.28 . mana ica-sa t'anfholta no t'anfiacha, MR 264.3 . nír maithset meic E. a n-anbfala do'n céd ruathar, 244.3 .

Hence (b) resentment, grievance, grudge, feud, enmity: ros cuimnigset a n-anfalaid bunaid do chlannaib N., LB 119b32 = BB 18b3 . cor-morad tra cocad ┐ anḟolta iarum i cend cloinde N., LB 119b36 = BB 18b6 . rochumnig cách a anfolaid dia cheli, TFerbe 395 . mé do mharbhadh an mhoghadh / a Dhé an adhbhar anfholadh ? `is this a ground for enmity?', Studies 1924, 242 § 10 . Perh. also: adhnoidh a fhíoch dh'anfholtoibh / críoch fhaghloidh go n-adhantair `in fits of fury', O'Hara 189 . do tabairt córach do M. ina agarthaib ┐ ina anfhaltaib to give M. satisfaction in the matter of his . . . grievances(?), Caithr. Thoirdh. 135.26 .

(c) crime, offence, sin: ciaptar imda a n-anfolaid, Metr. Dinds. iii 390.66 . ar n-a dhiochar tre n-a analtoibh féin a h-Alban, ITS v 26.26 . D. do marbadh . . . tria a anfoltaibh ┐ tria chiontaibh féin, AFM ii 1138.2 . banaltra Dē . . . m'anḟalta lē lēiccfidher my sins will be forgiven for her sake(?), ZCP xii 380.5 . gur bháidh uile ar n-anfholta `till it overwhelmed our sins', A. Ó Dálaigh xv 2 .

Note also: in da oll-broinig . . . anfalaidh, MR 222.20 .

as-toídi

Cite this: eDIL s.v. as-toídi or dil.ie/4534

 

Forms: attóided, astóidi, attóit, at(t)oídiud

v ( ad-(? aith-)-toíd-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 650 ). See GOI 496 - 497 . Shines through or forth, appears; becomes clear, intelligible . Glosses a variety of Lat. verbs: attóided gl. virtús tua innotescat, Ml. 56c3 . huand aisṅdís astoidi gl. innotescente hoc nuntio, 115d3 . turgent .i. attoit (astaid, MS; astoid v.l.), Thes. ii 47.10 . turgent .i. astoidet, 362.7 . bolca finda són astoitis for corpaib inna ndoine gl. erumpere, Ml. 99a4 . Of sound: ástóidi gl. aut cimbalum tinniens, Wb. 12b28 . teagdais i naghathar in fuilech formag cnete astuide tretan no eass no all, BCrólige 23 and n. astoided fogur in gotha amal gair sloigh, Ériu ii 100 § 8 . Generally shines, glitters, sparkles: astóidi gl. pellucet (quasi lanterna punica), Sg. 24a15 . na rind astoidet gl. signa radientia, Ml. 2a14 . astoidi do int soilse bís inna medón `radiates to him', 40c15 . intí istai[di] foirithin amail aibell (gl. aibellteoir), O'Dav. 86 . astoidi fri haidchi amal roithne gréne (of a well), Ériu ii 114 § 39 . atoidiud rind astoidiu asa blathaib, 118 § 54. astoidi da mhagh decc fo thoibaib talman i lles cach aidhche, 122 § 64 . ni attoidi for lar talman ligdath na laindred na atoidet asa n-eitib, 126 § 90 . ni thainic talmain ligdath na attoidet assa sciathaibh, 128 § 92 . astoidet a foilt ┐ a cuirp amal snechtae, 130 § 99 . intan astoidet .ix. ngraid nimhe . . . astoidet anmann inna noeb fon n-oin cosmailius, 142 § 155 . astoiditis a blatha amal grein (of a tree), 120 § 60 . astōidfa frit, sét collí / finnc[h]uäch mo deogbairi, Fianaig. 14.5 . coma hairgi astoid on tsliasaid co 'raill . . . in birbodba sin, TTebe 4502 .

Part. attóit, Sg. 60a9 .

Vn. at(t)oídiud.

balb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. balb or dil.ie/5287

 

adj o, ā.

(a) of creatures, etc. dumb, silent; of speech, stammering, inarticulate (?); murmurous: b.¤ ab eo quod est balbus, Corm. Y 146. b.¤ a balbo, O'Mulc. 120. ro sich breithir nad bu balbh `spoke an eloquent word', Blathm. 224. co mbreithir bailb, Rawl. 78b13 . osgar cach a gceird araile .i. is balbh cach a nealadhain a cheile, O'Curry 1606 ( 23 Q 6 5 a ). lethbhalb tengaid ┐ lethloisc neolais (of an unskilled pleader), 2271 ( Eg. 88, 20b ). fili b.¤ ra throisc aicce ar co tissed a erlabra dó, LL 371c5 . biid balba mar bad marbu sib, YBL 154a42 . na hidla bódra balba, PH 967. a chlanna Lir / . . . go nGaoidheilg mbailb murmurous, Atlantis iv 122.25 . romescad a menma coma balba buaidirthi na briathra rolabrad, TTebe 3368 . ag dúilibh balbha, DDána 110.23 . maidhm oirdhreic na mbéimeann mbalbh (`soundless blows'—of overthrow of Egyptians in the Red Sea), Hackett xlii 40 .

pn As epithet: Scál B., LL 1085. mac Aengusa Bailbh, AFM i 108.z.

(b) Of water, weather, etc. still, calm, silent: de brú Berbae balbae, Fél. Dec. 22. úa ríg Srúba Brain bailbe, Metr. Dinds. iii 282.73 . im rīgh Delbhna dar balbh sreabh, ZCP viii 224 § 33 . Cf. Magauran 1572 . síon bhalbh, KMMisc. 174 § 32 . Cf. Magauran 1421 . mar bhóchna bhailbh, DDána 93.10 .

Compds. With nouns: balbduine, IT iii 102 § 188. an balblasair / bhīas ōs an mbith, ZCP viii 207 § 40. ó bhalbhthuinn ag béin re tír the murmuring wave (?), Magauran 2642 . With adjj. a mhac . . . balbh-boghar deaf and dumb, ITS xvi 94.13 . ó Éirne . . . bhalbhghlain, DDána 70.9 . ón Bhóinn bhailbhrighin, Aithd. D. 34.14 . With adjj. derived from nouns: eo saorchuain bhailbhealtaigh Bhreagh haunted by twittering (?) bird-flocks, DDána 117.36 . i mBreaghmhuigh bhailbhéanaigh, Aithd. D. 4.3 .

1 bith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bith or dil.ie/5971
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: inb, betho, beotho, betha, biuth, bithu, bithe, mbetha, bethaib

n u, m. GOI §§ 73 , 307 . n s. an b.¤ , Blathm. 245. a s. inb, Wb. 22b13 . g s. betho, 1a3 , 14b10 , 29a8 , 31b18 , Ml. 16c5 , 54a15 , 88a3 , beotho, Wb. 11a19 . betha, 15d9 . Ml. 46d6 , 68b9 . d s. biuth, Wb. 12c16 , Ml. 24b13 . a p. bithu, Wb. 4c4 . bithe, Beatha Bharra 62.111 , BNnÉ 7 § 23 . g p. mbetha, LU 2001 ( FA 6 ). d p. bethaib, Imr. Brain 26. b.¤ m. (acht gan illradh aige), IGT Decl. § 71.

I

(a) the world: isin biuthso gl. in hoc mundo, Wb. 12d4 . isin mb.¤-sa gl. in hunc mundum, 29b14 . is dered ṁbetho inso `this is the end of the world', 10b3 . fon mb.¤ `throughout the world', Thes. ii 334.4 (Hy. v). do thustin an betha, Ériu ii 98 § 1. tuigithir blath inb.¤ `blossom covers the world', Ériu xxii 41 § 4 (MS). ad-comaicc a erball do thochur in beatha tar a cheann (of Leviathan), BDD² 503. no sirfed . . . in m[b]ith mbras, LU 3554 ( SCC 29 ). céin boí in díliu forsin b.¤ (for b.¤ v.l.), Airne F. 76. in b.-sa is b.¤ cáich ar n-uair `this world belongs to each (generation) in turn', Ériu ix 48 § 22. m'ænur dolod forsin mb.¤ `alone I came into the world', ii 56 § 14 . da mad he in b.¤ uli dogebtha, PH 7581. timcheall an betha `round the world', TTebe 4471 . cech noeb . . . bias / for b.¤ barrglass broenach, Gorm. 250 Ep. § 1 . báidhtir an bioth, DDána 26.16 . do lucht an bheatha, TSh. 7645. Freq. in phr. fir betha inhabitants (men) of the world, mankind, people: fir betho, Ml. 16c5 . di ḟeraib Hérenn nach di feraib betha, BDD² 917.

Often in theolog. sense the (temporal or material) world as opposed to the spiritual one: ó deithidin in betho .i. ó sétchi, Wb. 10b15 . amal ro mbo marb Ísu don biuthso `dead to this world', 15b25 . ní car Brigit būadach b.¤ , Thes. ii 327.13 (Hy. v.). mo chlūasa / . . . / nār ēistet . . . / . . . for b.¤ bētach the shameless world, ZCP vi 259 § 3. docotar . . . fri tola in betho `to worldly desires', Wb. 29d8 . See 1 cé.

(b) land, territory, soil: urcollud b.¤ brug betha go banna .i. uasal-collud for in mb.¤ .i. for in tír, O'Dav. 312. dobeir in ṁblicht isin ṁb.¤ , Ériu ix 50 § 37. bid íatt bus mesa / dūibh for b.¤ Banba, ZCP viii 110. 31 . lachttrom dúibh an bioth `the land', Magauran 354 .

(c) existence, life: i ndiththrub in beotho `in the desert of Life', Wb. 11a19 . ná ragad ar cúlu . . . co bruinni mbrātha ┐ betha, TBC-I¹ 1834. báire an bheatha `life's game', Dán Dé vii 3 . ar táille an bheatha i n-a mbíod span of life, xxiii 25 . Note also: amal aipgitir in betha `the alphabet of the fauna', Auraic. 5600.

In ds. in phrases ar-beir, airbert, comairbert biuth, see these words.

In phr. isin b.¤ , for (ar) b.¤ in the world, in existence; hence developing to anywhere, at all; (follg. a noun) any, whatsoever, see also s.v. 1 cía; freq. follg. a noun in neg. sentences nothing, no(one) at all: can co rabur acht oenlá . . . ar b.¤ but one day alive, TBC-LL¹ 1112. baterc for b.¤ mnai a samail for chóemi scarcely anywhere was there to be found, PH 830. na Ulltach eli for b.¤ `or any Ultonian', MR 38.16 . imad dérchointe . . . ┐ cecha eccumsanta for b.¤ of every unrest whatsoever, PH 4314. a bpéin budh mó san mbioth `in the greatest possible pain' (Gloss.), Desid. 1440. gibé ar bioth ní whatever , 593 . ni chumaic tra nech for b.¤ (isin b.¤ frecnairc-sea, LU 1996 ) tuaruscbail . . . na n-oirecht sin, FA 6 (LB). nac fitir a chuphus for (ar v.l.) b.¤ cidh no biadh doib donn orgain, Anecd. ii 49 § 11. nach béradh aen troigh teichid . . . ar comha ar b.¤ , Cog. 252.18 = ar coma sa b.¤ , 186.10 . ní háil leam . . . obair ar bioth shaoghaltha, Desid. 2511. ní fhuil ar bioth eascairde aguinne as mó, 478 . Note also: ba lōr a onōraighi . . . ar b.¤, dia madh rī no-biadh ann grand . . . enough indeed for a king, Fl. Earls 46.z . ar b.¤ any, Eg. Gl. 707. nom-bera ar bith at all events, RC xxiv 60 § 19. tar gach mbioth ` everywhere ', BS 30.22 . See McCaughey, SGS xii 30 - 33 .

II Age, period (see GOI § 365 ): is hé in b.¤ dédenach diand ebrath b.¤ sīl Chuind ┐ Muman ind [ḟ]laith co bráth, ZCP viii 313.30 . b.¤ cc. rob. ccl. a `bith' is 200 years, a `robith' 250, O'Curry 21 (H.3.18, 9b). o rosaigh co dechnemur is ann is ro b.¤ , 20 (ibid.) ? ic turc[a]bail na mbithó, Lism. L. 760. In phr. isna (tre, tria) bithu for ever: is dia bendachthe isna bithu gl. benedictus in secula, Wb. 4c4 . tria bithu na mbetha (Lat. per saecula saeculorum), LU 2001 ( FA 6 ). tre bithu betha (= in saecula), Lat. Lives 2 § 2. noco techtai sruth intí ná eissi acht lán tre bithu (= semper), 29 § 23. ro hedhbhradh dó hí trí bithe 'was surrendered up to him in perpetuity', Beatha Bharra 62.111 ​​​​. anaid hi sist ┐ hi ccairdes tre bithe, BNnÉ 7 § 23​ . piana ... o nach ternaife tré bíthe, Aisl. Tond. xiii 3 . See sír.

Compds. (freq. bid- in Wb., but cf. bith- 3b4, 3b7, 24a17). Only in meaning lasting, permanent, perpetual (later also as intensive and/or alliterative prefix). Cf. b.¤ .i. sir, Corm. Y 126 n. 8 . nad etsa bas b.¤ , ACC 98 (indep. use of bith ever , Misc. Hib. 50 § 366 ).

With adjj.: ag Tegh Moling biothainglighi ` ever-angelic ', BS 80.y . an ógh bithálainn bennaighthe `beauteous', BNnÉ 275 § 254 . robo bith-buaghlach (? -báoglach) bailedhach buadhartha, O'Dav. 297. act bid bidbéo gl. non moritur, Wb. 3b2 . is bithbeo corp crist, 3b4 . bad bithbíi i n-ísu, 3b7 . totchurethar bíi bithbi (rhetoric), LU 10027. teine bithbéo ` perpetual ' (Vocab.), Críth G. 180. a bhó bhithbhliocht always rich in milk (of Mary), Aithd. D. 97.27 . fear biothcaithmheach ` constantly-spending ', AFM v 1424.26 . nipsa bla bithdilis (b.¤ diles, v.ll.) inalienable , Anecd. ii 60.6 . it bithdommai sidi dǽ gente gl. inopes, Ml. 36c14 . bithḟotai sidi gl. uocalibus semper longuis, Sg. 5b 1 . bithgairddi gl. perpetuo breues, Sg. 5a14 . scieth bithghel, TBC St. 4561. Ol ṅguala .i. dabach Geirg, for lár in tige bithlán ` ever-full ', Ériu iv 30.25 . Brigit bé bithmaith `ever excellent', Thes. ii 323.1 (Hy. iv). a cind secht mbliadan mbithmas, ZCP v 23 § 4 . no-meilinn léini mbithnuí, Lament 2 . combi bidslán ` ever-sound ', Wb. 4d33 . cen soinmigi ┐ doinmigi do tecmung . . . acht robu bithsóinmech doib, Ml. 90c27 . for pianad bithsuthin `in the everlasting punishment', Ml. 26d12 .

With nouns: .iiii. bliadna pennite ┐ bith-ailithre (= cum peregrinatione perenni), Ériu vii 144 § 21. beannacht ┐ bithbheannacht perpetual blessing, DDána 120.31 . bithbés troiscta `continual fasting', Mon. Tall. 161.1 . uita aeterna .i. . . . bid bidbethu, Wb. 4a13 . immin bidbethid, 15c14 . i mbithchāin `as a perpetual law', Cáin Ad. 28. bithchen do thíchtu, MU² 58. comalta ┐ fer bithchotaig dam, LU 6007 (TBC). mnā do uhith i mbithdōire in perpetual bondage, Cáin Ad. 16. bithfer fíta na riaglae one who keeps to the prescribed ration, Mon. Tall. 151.24 . donfé don bithflaith `eternal kingdom', Thes. ii 325.16 (Hy. iv). do bithgres always, SR 4912. ní dúthrais a bithingnais `his perpetual absence', Thes. ii 291.10 . [i m]bithphennit, Wb. 24a17 . bidserc doib gl. inseruerunt sé doloribus multis, Wb. 29b23 .

With vnn. doarngert bithanad isin chill sin, RC xxiv 56 § 17. bhithbeith gan forcenn i fudhomhnuibh pian, Ériu ii 122 § 63. biddixnugud fírinne `eternal existence', Wb. 14c31 . bidfoglim doib gl. semper discentes, 30c15 . in bithiata hi robaid riam `of the perpetual closure', Ml. 46a8 . ba ferr lim dobertha oldaas a bithtarṅgire than to be constantly promised, Mór M. 262 § 1.6 .

With vbs. ( GOI § 384 ): ro-bithbéo it pardus `may I be for ever', Fél. Ep. 39. faithchi i mbithbiat caírig `in which there are always' (Vocab.), Críth G. 198. in Coimde robhithbhai ┐ bhithbias, Ériu ii 106 § 19. ? is fris con bith bennaib búredar (= bith-buireadar co mbennaib, ed., 105 n.43), ZCP xi 87 § 48. a Chrīosd, bhiothmhairios ad th'airdrígh, Parrth. Anma 4827.

caínchomrac

Cite this: eDIL s.v. caínchomrac or dil.ie/7795

 

n (1 caín + 1 comrac). In O. Ir. glosses as gloss on or suggested by pax etc.: cáinchomracc deit friu (pacem), Wb. 30b23 . ised dano insin dorosluínd cainchomrac armu chnamaib-se .i. non est pax ossibus. , Ml. 58a11 . ni cumme cach cáinchomrac ar is irchride utmall cach c.¤ condid ticci (pax), Wb. 24b5 . airde cáinchumricc (salutate), 7b4 , 24b28 . in duine in chainchomraic hí gl. intimae familiaritatis, Ml. 61c2 . isin chainchomruc gl. caritatis officium, 137d5 .

In later texts: ar febas . . . in tsída ┐ in chaínchomraic peace , LU 7020 . caíncomrac leind cen debaid, 9997 . da acallam ra coma ┐ caincomrac dó, TBC-LL¹ 1732 . atá caencomrac (.i. síd) la firu Érenn, ZCP v 524.1 . fo sidh ┐ caencomrac, Aen. 135 . tuccsat na gaoídil a ccaoncomhrac ar choccadh `exchanged their peace for war', AFM vi 2052.z . tugadh léo a bfíoch a bformad / ar rún ceannsa ar cháonchomrag, Studies 1919, 257 § 15 . Of a person: Mael Mochta . . . cāinchomrac moltach Mugna (an abbot), Bruchst. 55 § 122 ( AFM ii 644 ).

1 cert

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cert or dil.ie/8787
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: cirt, ceirt, ceart, cirt, cearta

(Lat. certus). As adj. o, ā.

(a) correct, right, proper, fitting : is ámin tra as c.¤ in testimin-so, Ml. 62c7 . ni c.¤ ind ḟlesc sa huasind .m., Sg. 40b16 . foraice c.¤ `genau richtiger Wert', Cóic Con. 50 § 98 (see below under subst. use). cona tochmaghad a choir cirt, Ériu xiii 17.16 = c.¤ , O'Dav. 378 . cen claind cirt without ordinary children, LU 4305 ( SG 84.30 ). nocho ch.¤ na cubaid `it was not right or fitting', CRR 30.9 . nó go n-aimsear an uair cheart the destined hour, Dán Dé xvii 9 . stiúir cheart . . . na g-cóigeadhach (of a person), ML 86.7 . ní ceart d'ēinneach a rádh . . . it is wrong to say, Párl. na mB. 58 .

(b) fair, just : bad ch.¤ do cluchi frim fight fair, LU 5228 . breth ch.¤ , LL 30395 . comrama . . . / Cerbaill c[h]irt na náem `just', RC xxix 211 § 7 ( LL 6720 ).

(c) Of material objects etc. straight, even: sreth-linedha certa coiri, CCath. 5285 (`small', cf. 2 cert). baill certa comcoire, BB 427b15 . cetra colamna certa `straight', Stair Erc. 1377 . gersat certa . . . cimsa . . . catha, MR 254.4 . tennbhuille c.¤ casúir, IGT Decl. ex. 913 . dlúthmhong cheart, DDána 99.32 . slighe . . . cam cheart ` symmetrical ', Magauran 909 .

(d) Of numbers, quantities etc. exact, precise: co colainderce c.¤ `exact amount', Bretha 23 . da fítt ch.¤ chutrume `two exactly equal rations', Mon. Tall. 161.9 (§ 80) . deich mbliadna certa, BB 53a6 . tricha tren[ḟ]er ar cet c.¤ , MacCarthy 28.2 .

(e) Adv. ci[u]rt cóir `properly and rightly', cited GOI 239 from Laws ii 306.5 ( ZCP xiv 379 ). ní fail doruirme co c.¤ ` rightly ', Thes. ii 344.1 (Hy.v). cet co c.¤ `a hundred exactly', MacCarthy 314.z . go ceart indeed, Content. vi 242 . go ceart rómhad `straight before thee', Proverbs iv 25 .

(f) Compar. ní foigbe . . . / félire bas certu, Fél. Ep. 148 . nī turmi sechtu nach sūi / bas certu atá cōe, ZCP v 499 § 10 . is certiu in dedenach `more exact', Auraic. 1134 . an mbía duine marbhthach ní as ceirte ná Día?, Job iv 17 . is ceirtidde in chomāirim, ZCP iii 18.2 .

As subst. o, n. m., IGT Decl. § 63 (g s. cirt and ceirt, d s. ceart and cirt etc.). Cf. g s. cearta, Maguires of F. 95 . i or ā (dar ceirt, Cog. 56.11 ), ZCP xlix-l 619 .

(g) the right, what is proper, correctness : ar amainse ar chirt ar calmatus, LU 10300 (see also s. 2 cert). c.¤ cen tinne, ZCP viii 196 § 14 . misi robai for in cirt, YBL 173a16 . Cf. SG 70.13 . ceart na riaghla `fulfilling of the law', A. Ó Dálaigh xxi 1 . ceart ag duine is bheith go bocht, Dán Dé xxvii 27 . ar cheart ar chumas n-adhbhann ` correctness ' (of harping), Studies 1920, 98 § 9 . ó cheart `rightly', Content. vi 155 . ón cheart, xxiii 3 . an chalann do-chuaidh tar ceart which has transgressed, DDána 44.2 . do réir chirt, Rev. xix 11 . ? cach aen bereas(?) c.¤ cirt, LB 220b59 .

(h) In phr. ina chirt, i cirt, c.¤ properly, rightly, as is fitting : mac in tṡaír a llus in táil / do chumma in chláir ina chirt (: ṡlicht) `aright', Ériu ix 49 § 28 . firfes firindi ina cirt fri dala deithbiri, YBL 181a2 ( SG 254.23 ). is amlaidh so . . . anas dian aireng in-a cirt coir gan impod, BB 289b20 . dia mbe hi cciort, Leb. Gab.(i) 46.28 . atá ina cc.¤ le ceile (of a pact), BNnÉ 251.11 . co roibi ingen do righ paganta a c.¤ aigi `was his lawful wife', ZCP vi 289.16 .

(i) In quasi-legal sense of right, claim, entitlement : Lebor na Cert, title of tract on rights and privileges of kings, see BR and BR2. fris-saighe a cc.¤ , Ériu xiii 34.6 . dofet a c.¤ certaib `her rights', Laws i 124.10 . fer . . . saiges a ch.¤ do cech oén la Ultu, LU 8148 . ag tabairt cirt do Chríst cháidh `rendering an account', Manners and Customs ii 63.y . do bhean ceart díot an duine, Dán Dé xxviii 17 . dála, ceart, daingin orra, `Espousals', Eg. Gl. 243 . With follg. gen. c.¤ n-athar ┐ seanathar, BDD² 163 . augtar . . . / sluindfes c.¤ clainne C., Fing. R. 866 . c.¤ cech cōicid, ACL iii 303 § 5 . c.¤ cech ríg `tribute', KMMisc. 260 § 1 . ó chiort na gcuradh, Content. xxx 22 . i gceart a mháthar `in right of his mother', Keat. ii 5138 . go n-díoghlainn mo chomhdhaltadha fair . . . a g-ciort chloidhimh by the sword, ML 110.3 . With follg. prep. muna ḟuil ceart ag óigh air `rights as against Him', Aithd. D. 86.18 . c.¤ Maodhócc ar shluag Mhancach, BNnÉ 248 § 202 . mo cheart ar an tír, Maguires of F. 90 . ceart cinnte . . . ar ré shíordhaidhe d'fhagháil absolute right to, TSh. 529 . ceart . . . ré coimhéad, 5130 . ná sir c.¤ a cumhail deilgi, IGT Decl. ex. 1238 . gan c.¤ . . . do bheth ag nech in aoinní `right . . . in any thing', RSClára 146b .

(j) justice, fair dealing : luid co chinel do c.¤ friu `to demand justice', Laws i 70.9 Comm. na tair chucum dar firc., TBC-LL¹ 3491 . gidh tréan thú ní chuinge acht ceart, Dán Dé xxvii 14 . dá ndéanmaois ceart d'imirt oraibh, Maguires of F. 61 . do cheart = iustitia, TSh. 4813 . a gille, ar siad, inn gabaid coma no c.¤ uainn?, ZCP xiii 240.11 .

For daimid c.¤ see daimid.

With dliged: tar ceart no dligedh, Laws ii 70.2 . conid he sin c.¤ ┐ dliged lenait saxain for goedelu, Fél.² clxxxvii 9 .

(k) As technical term used of one of several legal processes: coic conara fugill . . . c.¤ , Cóic Con. 15 § 1 (`genau richtig'). cuir ┐ cundartha etc. d'acrau forin conair fugill is c.¤ , 20 § 13 . tacra cutrumma for cirt, 24 § 26 . bid c.¤ im cotomus folada etc. the legal process c. shall apply in the case of equal assessment of objects, 50 § 98 . For etymologies see 29 § 13 .

(l) With follg. gen. proper arrangement or procedure, correct way of doing something .: ni dāmair c.¤ catha doib fair battle, b. according to the rules of war(?), Rawl. 131b45 . See LL 4902 , ML² 946 . o cirt cobrainne `by just partition', Laws iv 44.8 . c.¤ comlaind, LL 33979 . tré cheart gcomhráidh, Ir. Syll. Poetry 40 § 6 . c.¤ crandcair, BB 244b34 . c.¤ imthechta, MR 318.23 . c.¤ natha,. Ériu xiii 18.16 (in list of metr. terms). Note also : c.¤ sléibe Fúait `true story', Metr. Dinds. iv 168.44 .

(m) Freq. in IGT as technical term declensional form (of noun or verbal noun): na crotha dona ceartuibh ó mbeantur comhfhocal, IGT Introd. § 2 (2.17) . cáoladh ceirt (e.g. lámh, don láimh), § 14 (6.11) . feabhas, fiú, féin, dég (an áirmhe), focuil gan cheart indeclinables, § 122 . greagh, c.¤ lethan tríd sis as cóir aige, Decl. § 45 . c.¤ persan mar sin sís aige (after forms of eadradh), § 49 . scológ (ceart baininnsgne aigi) is inflected like a feminine, § 12 . tegmáil . . . c.¤ ar a comair air féin aigi, Verbs § 2 . faigsin etc. . . . cirt ar a comair aca, § 4 . bleagan ┐ dligsin (dít), inand gabaid acht ar a certuibh i.e. the verbs are conjugated in the same way but their verbal nouns belong to different types, § 36 .

(n) Less freq. in sense of correctness, permissibility , somet. opposed to canamain anomalous (form): trí mairg, cóir do chiort, trí mharg, cóir do chanamhain, IGT Introd. § 18 (8.31) . úaibreach do chanamhain atá, úabrach an c.¤ , IGT Decl. § 17 . .c. .d. neith ceirt ┐ canamna, Verbs § 45 . imram, imirt . . . a ndénmas .n. cirt, § 101 . .d. .n. cirt ┐ canamna, § 112 .

(o) In chevilles: as gach ciort, SG 35.24 . ní cói ceirt, Metr. Dinds. iv 164.27 . dia do cheart, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 356.1 .

In compds. usually straight, direct, exact, precise, less frequently right, just, proper.

With nouns. ¤agaid. Usually in prep. phr. with i, ar: i certagaidh na gáithe directly against the wind, CCath. 3927 . tarla do D. . . . ina chertagidh met him face to face, ZCP xiv 240.8 . dēnamh ar a gcert-agaidh go F. straight ahead, Fl. Earls 24.28 . Note also: du-s-rat a chert-aghaidh . . . forsan athair `it turned its . . . face on the father', 136.25 . a fírchlethe a chendmullaig hi certairdi from the very top of his head, LU 6475 . ūas an mbaile a certairde right up over the stead, Ériu iii 168 § 25 . ni hicthar ni fris acht certaithgin, Laws v 254.18 Comm. iar certbliadain, Rawl. 76a36 . certbrecad ┐ ollbrecad, IT iii 76 § 40 (see p. 131 and breccad). M. . . . an ceirtbhreitheamh `just judge', Keat. ii 3658 . confad C. ┐ a cheart-bhriathra, MR 160.20 . certchaictighis ó maireach, Cog. 104.34 . fa ceart-comair a craide directly in front of, MR 260.14 . ceartchosair ceithri ndroṅg, BDD² 811 (`a proper litter', Gloss.). sechtmoga mac . . . / achertchúmma d'ingenaib exact equivalent, SR 1972 . c. cumal `an exact c.', Bretha 31 . na chertdegaid directly after him, LL 15318 . no gur comroinnestair . . . a craide ar certdō dō in two equal halves, MR 260.16 . Duan. F. i 35 . for cert-druim in cat[h]a, CCath. 4881 . a cúic do cert duibh to an all-black (cow), O'Gr. Cat. 145.11 . ina c[h]ertḟar[r]adh, ZCP viii 210.31 . ceart-fheadh na n-arm . . . eatorra, ML 84.28 . nert C. certfir .i. ind ḟir cheirt, Gorm. Apr. 18 and gl. trī ceirtfichit muc mór exactly sixty, Ériu xvii 20 § 13 . ¤gáe see separate article. i certghuin cath, BB 53a25 . certiarraid exact fosterage-fee, Laws iii 312.12 Comm. an ceirtiomagallaimh, Ériu xiii 36.21 . certimain `proper driving', Laws i 288.11 Comm. na huili uisci do dhul ina certinadh cóir féin taranais arís, RC xxviii 310 § 3 . cert-láech a true warrior, MU² 538 . ar certlár mo thaige very middle, LL 38552 . rochaith a chertleth (i.e. of the apple), MacCarthy 46.16 . is a certlogh dic `exact value', Laws iv 250.21 Comm. certmac oglaigh `an average son' (Plummer MS. notes) Cf. ceartmhac, `fils légitime', Études Celt. xii 524 , oppd. to ardmhac o., O'Curry 285 ( H 3.18, 157 ). ina certmedón right in the middle of it, LU 2057 . dar certmedōn hĒrenn, Corp. Gen. 206.14 . atchiu clothrig . . . / cotngaib inna chertraind . . . / o crund co fraig who divides it equally(?), LU 7375 (of Conaire. `exact share', BDD2 Gloss.). co certsála sís right down to the heels, BDD² 1268 . ro an ina certsesam, Stair Erc. 350 . cearttharsna ar aicme ailme `straight across for group A' (of fingers across shin-bone in cossogam), Auraic. 5783 . do cert-tochus `of his exact property', Laws v 32.21 Comm. curson comnart certtrebtha, Leb. Cert.² 156.5 . certtrícha ruaid-each, 8.10 .

With adjj. an crios corr, ceart-bhláith, MR xiv 7 . certinann ré exactly the same period, Anecd. i 26 § 11 . a Chrīst chóeim certgenmnaid `truly chaste', Ériu iii 14 § 10 . at chonnarc and Coin Culaind certlaín `perfect', Études Celt. v 155.27 . in tan ata certnua in cin. No ata certnua in cro recent(?), O'Curry 609 ( H 3.18, 297 ). ni coir gnuis bidbaid itir crú ceartnua .i. is nua in fala no go lesaighther, 2282 ( Eg. 88, 21 (22)a ).

With adjj. formed from nouns: a chomhdail an Airdrígh certbreathaigh just, RC xxviii 326 § 23 . certbriathrach (of a judge), Irish Texts iv 27.2 . eannach . . . ceart-foirgneamhach `well-fashioned', MR xiv 13 . i pongc ceirtmedonach an domain, YBL 169a3 . certronnach `justly-dividing', Gorm. 16 gl .

With verbs: c.¤ gabais Congal Cairpri's in comlund, MR 244.4 . is follus as sin co nach certtiaghait (-tuicit?) lucht in Uraicepta-sa co mbad e Laidin . . . , Auraic. 1127. 4047 .

coimge

Cite this: eDIL s.v. coimge or dil.ie/10201

 

Forms: coimde, comga, comda, comhda, coimdhe, coimhdhe, comhdha, comga, comhdha, coimdigh

n coimde, comga, comda (com + 1 aige? See also s. cuime) comhda coimdhe f., IGT Decl. § 3 . ? Cf. comaid (ón choimhde), § 10 . coimhdhe: oirbhe, Aithd. D. 1.18 . comhdha: toghla, 50.4 . comga: dolma, Gorm. March 14 . comhdha: forccla, BNnÉ 219.z . coimdigh, TTebe 4855 v.l.

Act of protecting, safeguarding; protection, safe keeping : Crist dia chomge dia chommorad, LL 27992 ( Metr. Dinds. iv 162.228 ). ni comga in cél ni coma / is domna der conduba, 26219 . in bratt condaig Fer Berna / acht ni trebrad ní c.¤ , 26190 . condechaid G. for comde F., ZCP xii 375.4 . is coimdhe do churchánaibh / snam ar gach sribaill ṡrianaigh, KMMisc. 313.26 . secht cloidme . . . / dom ch.¤ , 254.5 . ag ar gcoimhdhe, DDána 26.18 . labhair dar gcomhdha ar an gcrann, A. Ó Dálaigh xxii 9 . nír comga dáib a ndoicheall their churlishness was no protection to them, Ériu iv 118.4 . for a comdha `on his guard', Leb. Gab.(i) 226.9 (cf. coimét). na slóig a coimdi an cuiri, Hy Fiach. 264.7 . ro cuireadh esidhe . . . dia chomhdha go trétúrdha don tor, AFM vi 2258.w (cf. coimét).

Ref. to specific things providing protection, the protection so provided: bricht comga protective spell, TBC-I¹ 1889 . cnes cealtair comdha, ZCP xiii 175.6 . altram Néill im chomga cnes, Ériu iv 94.8 . eochair chomga cnis Hérend, 96.12 . a comgha cnis . . . .i. cathluirech, CCath. 5211 . cuaird comgi michíl (name of a hymn), Mon. Tall. 137.18 . cuairt comgi in aingil, Ériu xvi 31.18 ; 30 . cuirfeadsa coimhdhe conaire umad, ML 36.14 (a charm for a safe journey, see ML² 460 note ). is coimdi do'n tí nod geba ag dul for sed (a poem), Misc. Arch. Soc. 3.22 . ? nábad chomdi dó do banchéli a fitting wife, LU 10189 . coimhdhi bliadhna . . . ┐ éisteacht ris a year's safety through hearing it (a story), Dhá Sg. Art. 1820 .

With similar meaning in legal contexts, but exact technical application not always clear, see Plummer, Ériu ix 36 -9. comde ` guarding ', Laws i 266.11 . dlomtar fiadhain fridh coimde cirt coir, 268.9 . cach n-aithni co coimdi `security', ZCP xvii 58 § 73 . cach coimgi i lāim n-urrad, § 74 . feidli .i. fidh leo .i. la cethræ comge, O'Mulc. 500 . coimdi .i. comdedberus, O'Dav. 580 . is coimgi do boairechas dul a nairechas coisring, O'Curry 1851 ( 23 Q 6, 51 b ) = O'Curry 326 ( H 3.18, 180a ) = cumdich, O'Curry 1984 ( H 4.22, 21 ). coimde fuirre re aiseac uaithe, Laws iv 40.16 Comm. `perh. she is protected against having to restore it', Ériu ix 39 . coimgi an geilfine, Laws iv 40.7 Comm. `protection (or restraint)' (with regard to alienation of lands), Ériu ix 38 . c.¤ selba, expld. in Comm. as restraint on division of inherited property till a surviving relative also dies, O'Curry 400 ( H 3.18, 223a ). ceithre gona duine deithbire nad eillneit c.¤ laime, Laws iv 252.18 .i. . . . comoige no comhartaine, 21 Comm. ` external, material protection ', Ériu ix 37 (c.¤ bél ┐ tengad `ref. to protection in the law-courts as guarantor, security, compurgator, etc.'). c.¤ colla cetamus cach araile, O'Curry 383 ( H 3.18, 216b ). coimgi colla . . . ar na gona nach fer fine inaile, 2310 ( Eg. 88, 24 (25)a ). fearr freisneis coimhghe ara cholladh caonchoimhge, 377 ( H 3.18, 214 ). cuic coimhghi . . . a do ra fini ┐ aen re hanḟini ┐ a do eitir ḟini ┐ ainḟini: coimhghi colla ┐ coimhghi selbha re fini; coimhghi laimhi re hanḟini; coimghi bel ┐ tengadh itir fine ┐ anfine . . . coimhghi laimhi ┐ bel ┐ tengadh masa comesargain di dibh cnedaibh i nenḟeacht ra fear cach dibh ara cheili, O'D. 2388 - 9 ( Rawl. B 506, 48a ) = cumge, comge, O'Curry 384 ( H 3.18, 216b ). atait .u. corusa coimgi ann, coimgi c[olla], coimgi selba, coimgi laime, coimgi beil, coimgi tengann, O'Curry 2310 ( Eg. 88, 24(25)a ). tiugradh cach coimdi .i. in laingfitir, O'Curry 513 ( H 3.18, 259 ) `concr. of the hobble on cattle', Plummer MS. notes. manar sechnustar beith fo comgha a sét dó, O'D. 777 ( H 3.17, 557 ). nach cuimde nach gradh bis uaisle log ninech dagra etc., O'Curry 2704 ( Eg. 88, 60 (61)a ). na coimdi bes mo logh neich atgair fri hinbleogain gaibi co dublad, etc., O'Curry 2705 ( Eg. 88, 60(61)a ) = coimdedh, Laws ii 14.19 . is tre ḟīr flaitheman comrara c.¤ cethre caich torith, ZCP xi 93 § 27 . Cf. caca ceithri c.¤ comrera cona cealt cona neart, Ériu xvi 65.49 . conad gile greine c.¤ mora deine eisce, 66.60 .

See coimded.

coma

Cite this: eDIL s.v. coma or dil.ie/10558

 

Forms: comad, comaidh, comthaighi, comthach, -aid, comaid, comaid, cumha

n orig. , f.? Later with dental inflexion (but cf. ` comad jünger coma f.' Thurneysen, ZCP xv 337 ). m., IGT Decl. § 2 . f., § 4 . g s. comaidh, Lism. L. 118 . a p. comthaighi, Caithr. CC 4 § 9 . g p. comthach, RC xvi 140.6 . Later freq. cu-. Appar. also with n s. -aid: comaid (ón choimhde) f., IGT Decl. § 10 .

General meaning gift, offer, of something given or offered in return for a favour, concession etc., hence freq. consideration, bribe, ransom; in military contexts of something offered as an alternative to battle, hence condition(s), term(s), peace-overture(s) (see RC xliv 178 ). Freq. in pl. comhadh, cennach, bríb, tairgse, dearlaice, Eg. Gl. 135 . ? si pro scientia furti inter orientem et dextera portata est is c.¤, et [in] promptum est et mox scietur , Thes. ii 237.11 . fiach gona fir chāna i comaid (leg. comai?) catha `in ausgemachter Schlacht', ZCP xv 336 § 28 . berar imarchor comai úan dó (folld. by list of things offered in exchange for truce), LU 5586 . na comadha mora `onerous conditions', Ériu xii 182 § 11 (TE2). araba na cómha (sic MS.) sin, Imr. Brain 60.19 . buith fo riaguil mo chomae (-a, MSS.), Ériu i 202 § 29 . ar na comadhaibh celcci, TBC-LL¹ 503 n. 6 . i[n] fail c.¤ gabas is he prepared to accept terms? 1771 . imm airisium ar na comai sin, 1794 . ? ferr c.¤ coimtid, LL 345c40 ( RC xlv 86 § 67 . comaid, Anecd. iii 19.13 ). a ch.¤ nīrsat gūacho, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919, 93 § 18 . ná diṅgnitis less no adlaic no comai no caṅgin, LL 31893 (TTr.). ? missi ac crábud 'sa comaid / tussu ic éirge ra folaid, 38367 . na gabaid comaid n-aile, PH 901 . cath tar comaidh, ML² 1416 . cumhang le cách a chomhtha `everyone will think his (?) recompenses too small', RC xlix 171.19 . an domhan . . . / ar son gur chuir fa chomhthaibh though he held the world in subjection, Ir. Syll. Poetry 37 § 2 . slata nach claon re comhaidh (: arodhain), DDána 102.7 `who yield to no compromise', Ir. Monthly 1928, 35 . ? cóig comha rú ag réidhioghudh `the Five Provinces' (see notes), O'Hara 135 . gé madh gearr cairde na comha, IGT Decl. ex. 108 . nach berad . . . ar c.¤ sa bith under any circumstances, Cog. 186.10 . go tucta cumha eli do `other rewards', Laws i 4. x Comm. no-char gab si c.¤ cruid / is í 'ca toga ag triathuibh bride price, Hy Fiach. 206.13 . duine eiccin da bur muindtir do tabairt do comhaidh don peísd `to propitiate that beast', BCC 196.12 . E. do fhuaslaccadh . . . d'eallach do eachaibh ┐ do comhtaibh ele `ransomed', AFM iv 854.11 . do aontuigh G. cumhaidh nó breab do ghlacadh ó Naaman, Eochairsg. 64.1 . comtha . . . tar cend an tsíodha, Hugh Roe² 128.4 . cumha = gift, Deuteronomy xvi 19 . tucad cuma ┐ tuicse dó in gach tenga, BCC 100.22 . ? lia chomha, RC xliv 162 § 92 .

1 comad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 comad or dil.ie/10570

 

[u, m.] vn. of con-oí (see GOI § 767 , Ériu xi 86 ) act of keeping, guarding, preserving : c.¤ cairddine `keeping treaties', Tec. Corm. 3.16 . is lais a c.¤ `it is for him to look after it', Ériu ii 204 § 24 . cian bas ch.¤, a choemo `so long as there be observance of the Fair', Metr. Dinds. iv 162.15 . h'urlabra i coma[d] ┐ ic coigeart breath nGæidheal `thy eloquence in guarding and correcting the judgements of the G.', Dinds. 40 ( RC xv 429.23 ). comalta ciuin an taisig triuin comtha curach, Anecd. i 59 § 76 . cuigear comtha smacht 'the five guardians of control', Leb. Gab.(i) 274.13 . Cf. comaid.

2 comad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 comad or dil.ie/10571

 

n poem, hymn (a use of 1 c., Plummer MS notes): tóe fri c.¤ `silence during a recital(?)', Tec. Corm. 12 § 4 . ? fris-(i)ngair c.¤ ard ilchu, Anecd. i 14.14 (`strain(?)', SCano 477 , note). . . . forchanad na comhad nath, na anair, na anamhain, Ériu xiii 17.4 . coma[d] .i. ceol, ut est: c.¤ for imdha, 83 § 313 . C.¤ Croiche Críst annso sís (title of a poem), i 41 . c.¤ Manchín Léith, 38.1 . is cubaid a comhad `harmonious is their assembly(?)', Gorm. March 24 .

? coma(i)rb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? coma(i)rb or dil.ie/10631

 

Forms: cómhairp

n a s. cómhairp ` emulation, strife ', O'R. Poems : comairb .i. cominnairbe .i. fer elgnais o cin cin comoirb a cein, O'Dav. 463 (comarb .i. comindarba ut est fer elgnais ogcinad cin comurb a cein, v.l.). fir elgnais ogcinaith cen comoirb i cein, ZCP xii 361.17 ( H 3.18, 8b ). fir elgnaise og chinaid cen comairb i cein .i. in fer do rinne an eolgnaisi comruiti comslaintis in cinaidh fair uair nar comindarbustar uadh i cein in fer laimhe derge, oghcin fair itir aithgin ┐ dire ┐ ni bfuil comhoirb do fris nach aile ima chur uada hi cein, O'Curry 1256 ( H 3.18, 507 ) ? cen cosnum, cen imt[h]oltuin, /cen comoirb, cen īr, ACL iii 320 § 90 . See comḟoirb.

comarb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comarb or dil.ie/10738

 

x see ? coma(i)rb.

? comarba

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? comarba or dil.ie/10739
Last Revised: 2013

 

n in eol dúib Derc mBuailc bil / c.¤ fil immon mag ` successor ', Metr. Dinds. ii 20.42 (comsarba, a comforba, v.ll.). Cf. comarb(b)ae, forbbae and see ? coma(i)rb.

comchengailte

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comchengailte or dil.ie/10878

 

part. of comchenglaid. joined, connected, united : coma comcheangailti a cathba[i]rr ┐ a claidmi (of a close fight), TTebe 4513 . dá fhiothchiod lá gcoimhcheangailte = continuos, Rial. S.F. 1406 . coimcengailti ris, Rosa Angl. 110.20 `coniuncta', Gloss. tricha cath comcengailti, Ann. Conn. 1315.3 .

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