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1 bé

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bé or dil.ie/5502
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: Bée, béithe, beith, mbéithe

n n., later f. See Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 113 and Études Celt. xxv 123-24 . n s. b.¤ nAnand, Corm. Y 104. a mb.¤ , SR 5974. in b.¤ thondgel, LL 18500. g s. Bée, LL 27711. d s. do b.¤ , TFerbe 64 . Mod. g s. na b.¤ , Hackett xi 27 . d s. don bhéith ghlain, O'Rah. 154.5. n pl. béithe, ZCP v 229.26 (Midn. Court). g pl. beith, Ó Bruad. i 62.7 . mbéithe, ZCP v 226.10 (Midn. Court).

Woman: Brigit b.¤ bithmaith `ever excellent woman', Thes. ii 325.15 , glossed: ben ut dicitur b.¤ bind .i. ben find, 29 . bē nē[i]t (.i. badb) .i. bē ben ┐ nēt cath . . . Inde dicitur: `b. nét fort,', Corm. Y 168. Brigit bē n-ēxe . . . B.¤ bē legis, ┐ B. bē goibne (sic leg.) ingena in Dagda goddess, 150 . b.¤ find fors ṅdestatar deirgindlid áir (rhetoric), BDD² 306. be ḟind ḟota ḟoltlebor, IT i 69 § 4. a bē, ZCP viii 102.15 (B. na f., 557.17 ). a mb.¤ n-aill, LL 21147. b.¤ adbul Heriu, 1651 . do b.¤ thastil female messenger, TFerbe 64 . cain-be fial forssaid ḟindnar, SR 3700. co tucas-sa in mb.¤ sáir sláin / Aife, Ériu iv 154.26 . seimigud b immorro .i. a bhen, a bhan, a bhe binn, Auraic. 1275. b.¤ ebraice (bath `daughter'? ed.), mulier latine , O'Mulc. 130. `b.¤' ben, Metr. Gl. 18 § 52. b.¤ .i. bean, O'Cl.

In Laws and glossaries in designations of classes of women. b.¤ carna wanton, harlot : cia ben is mesa do mnáib? Ni hansa. B. chārna, ZCP viii 113.12 . be carna .i. meirdreach, O'Curry 2037 (H. 4.22, 58a). b.¤ charna .i. merdrech, ar dia ndech in ben co cuicir is b.¤ charna. fothad cairn .iiii. clocha, cloch fair is carnn iarum, O'Dav. 213 (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 108 ). b.¤ cétmuinterasa woman with standing of head of a household, chief wife (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 46.28 ): mad be cetmunterasa techta, comaith ┐ comceniuil, Laws ii 380.31 (= Stud. in E. Ir. Law 46 § 22 ). mad be cetmunterasa glossed: mad bean bus cetmuindter uais co dligthech, 382.4 Comm. b.¤ cuitgernsa `woman of condominium' ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 218.18 ): ma co tir ┐ cetra ┐ intreb, ┐ mad comsair comtechta a cuma lanamnusa, ┐ is don ben sin asberar be cuitcernsa, ii 356.31 (= Stud. in E. Ir. Law 18.36 ). b.¤ n-imrama lit. wandering woman (a class of concubine) ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law, 64.25 , 96 f. ): nocon uil ni do do lamda . . . a be nimruma, uair ar a urail fein bis a chartach . . . ┐ nocon eadh bis . . . a be nimruma, Laws ii 400.15 Comm. be nimrama .i. meirdreach, O'Curry 2037 (H. 4.22, 58a). sechtmud do i n-a dormain ┐ i n-a be n-imruma, Laws v 72.4 Comm. b.¤ n-indlis `non-owned woman', see Ériu xii 74.18 . a atitin a primmna ┐ a fine ata cach ben dib sain aicce cenmotha in be nindlis; ┐ a aititin a fir ata saide, Laws ii 400.26 Comm. b.¤ loirge: direnar b.¤ luirge lándire `a distaff woman', O'Gr. Cat. 145.19 (Nero A vii, 153b9). Cf. dorenar be loirge landire .i. ben conaire in filed, glossing lorg `road', O'Dav. 1155. b.¤ loiste loinetha woman of the kneading-trough and churn-dash: direnar . . . lándire b.¤ loisde luineatha alaile, O'Gr. Cat. 145.19. b.¤ roethine woman cast up by the sea?: be roethine .i. roethine mara dode-cuirethar .i. mairchor- (leg. muirchorthae, ed.), Ir. Recht 8 § 8. b.¤ tacuir foundling woman: b.¤ tacair do-renur cuic setaibh, a tri dibh a mamaib eca (leg. ecalsa, ed.) no (leg. ┐, ed.) ina dó eile ó feinib (finib, v. l.), Ir. Recht 6 , 7 § 7 , see ZCP xix 347. b.¤ táide lit. woman of a secret relation, i.e. in an irregular association with a man (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 99 , 100 ): baidsech cach be taide, no cach ben deirge lann (cf. . . . deiraig a lanamnus, v 456.22), Laws iv 58.26 Comm. merdrech [ut est] baitsech cach b.¤ táidhe (thaidhe, v.l.) `every secret woman', O'Dav. 306. b.¤ togu woman (with power) of choice (variously interpreted in Laws Comm.): be togai .i. togu an (leg. and ? ed.) imm a inchaib a ceile fa isint (leg. asint, ed.) seilb techtus di-rether .i. bancomarba lasmbi fer for bantindchur. be thoga .i. tic di co aos togai, na (leg. .i. or [atá] 'na, ed.) tagai, .i. im co fer theis fa in ngaba chaille . . . who has the choice as to whether she will be paid according to the status of her husband or according to her possessions . . . who is of an age to choose whether she will marry or take the veil, Ir. Recht 8 § 9.

Common in later poetry woman, maiden : rádha róchaoin bheóilín bhinn na b.¤ , Hackett xi 27 . is baoth don fhear do scar le béith bhig óig, xxxiv 1 . míle beith ghléigeal `a thousand fair ladies bright', Ó Bruad. i 62.7 . G., leannán béithe `beloved of women', O'Rah. 148.21. do screadadar béithe, 150.27 .

In nn. pr.: Fróech . . . mac side do B.¤ Find a sídib, TBFr. 2 (as b.¤ was orig. neut. the name Bé Finn > Bé Bind, later also Bé Ḟind). Bebinn ingen (sic leg.) Turgeis, Caithr. CC 27. is ed ainm dobered Midir dí B.¤ Ḟind (i.e. Étaín), TE² 180 § 10. B. Néit wife of Néit (a goddess of war): bē nē[i]t (.i. badb), Corm. Y 168. B.¤ nēid .i. Nēid nomen uiri. B.¤ eius Nemon, a ben, 181 . in b.¤ néit . . . .i. Enio, siur Mairt .i. dei in chatha, TTebe 3247 . co festais ca drem . . . din ro samaigfed in B.¤ níth-gubach Néit a neirt-bhríga, MR 242.1 . Aingene ainm ind fir ┐ Bee n-Aingeni ainm na mna, RC x 224 § 17. Be Chuille ┐ Dianand . . . na dí bantuathig, LL 1352. Bé Tuinde, Dinds. 139 ( RC xvi 147 ). In n. loc. oidhre Leice Bébhionn Lickpevune (Co. Kerry), AFM v 1628.21 .

bláth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bláth or dil.ie/6086
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: blas

n u and o, m., IGT Decl. § 38.

(a) flower, blossom: in cróib n-arggait fua b.¤ ḟind `with white blossoms', Imr. Brain 2. di bolod ┐ blath na lubi, LU 10641 ( TE 130.26 ). errach cen blathu `without flowers', RC xxvi 46 § 231. iarmibebat blatha, § 242 ( Rawl. 111b42 ). ac tebersin a mbláith ┐ a nduille `dropping their blossoms', Ériu iii 156 § 9. bolad . . . dia blathaib, ii 118 § 52 . concanad a bile ┐ a blaith fri tethacht na ngaeth, § 54. b.¤ na dercan, Airne F. 50. tuigithir blath inbith, Ériu xxii 41.z. ar a blath `for its (sc. the elm's) bloom ', Auraic. 5620. duille ┐ b.¤ ┐ mess, Metr. Dinds. iii 288.7 . blatha na fínemna, PH 4242. (of a miracle) in gabul tirimm a beth fo blath trómm, 1318 . na luibe ┐ na blata . . . ro loisced iad a comurta idbarta, Grail 3096 . an chnú ní 'n-a b.¤ beantair `in blossom', Dán Dé vii 15 . in brága mar b.¤ air- neadh, Ériu iv 218.6 . a mbeól a bláith beginning to flower, IGT Decl. ex. 992. teist . . . an fhéir nó an bhláith, Keat. Poems 698. i n-aimsir an bhlátha `in the spring', Keat. iii 526 . (plant name) nenufar .i. blath uisgce water-lily , C IV 2, 31 rb z .

Fig. (Brigit) in chróib co mbláthib, Thes. ii 325.20 (Hy. iv). (of the Blessed Virgin) ar n-éanchoillne fa bh.¤ `blooming hazel-tree', Aithd. D. 72.5 . (of Jesus) b.¤ fréimhe na fírinne, 75.40 . b.¤ fréime maicne Mílid `the flower of M'.s progeny', O'Gr. Cat. 372.10. cin blath na ndegním, Grail 1467 . (name of a metal) litairgi[r]um .i. blath in luaidhe `flower of lead', ACL i 328 § 88.

In follg. perh. fragrance: as follus nach as a blasannaib na as a mblathaib athainter naduiri na corp nadurtha ` odour ', Ir. Astr. Tr. 72.2 . ? ní-tháinic a-talmain fín is-comaith bladh ris, RC xxiv 376.14 (perh. leg. blas with Ériu ii 118 § 54 ).

(b) In other fig. or extended applications. bloom, (bright) colour; flourishing appearance, condition: olcus a blatha `his ill colour', Mon. Tall. 159.22 . ni bu messa de a blath, Vita B. 5. etach maith immi. b.¤ maith fair, LL 14558. b.¤ bruinne bran sheen (?), Ériu ix 46 § 14. b.¤ óir ara fhoircettlaibh (a saint), BNnÉ 281 § 267 . deich n-eich a n-uair blátha bladaig `in their prime and fame', Leb. Cert.² 120. ba maith blāth in claideb lat `see that the sword is kept in good condition' (Faraday), TBC-I¹ 934. do bh.¤ do chríon, a cholann beauty , DDána 1.15 . re faghbháil bháis do bh.¤ na hóige, Keat. Poems 130. co mblathaibh .i. co subhaltaibh, Stowe Gl. 261 , cf. 246 . (of salvation) dar bpeacadh do bhean a bh.¤ , DDána 3.21 . biaid cach mí dó inna b.¤ every month shall be prosperous for him (the just prince), ZCP xi 87 § 52. a b.¤ . . . ┐ a beathamnass `her prosperity . . . and her supplies', Ériu iv 148.1 . a hana, a himmed, a blátha, a bēta, 162.31 . séan 'n-a bhládh, DDána 93.28 . In phr. bláth banda menstruation : mailli re fuil mista darub comhainm asin innsgni choitc[inn] an blath banda .i. mar na tabhraid na craind torad gan blath as mar sin na tabhraid na mna torad coir gan blath, Irish Texts v 14.17 . do chifi an bean gnathaighes sin an blath banda, Irish Texts v 18y .

Compds. With adj. forsin ngas mbiroir mblathguirt of bitter-flowered watercress, Fél.² lxxxix 36. With nouns. blaith-bhile borrfadach Breagh `proud-blossomed tree', MR 96.2 . do bith fo brúch a bláth-buird `blooming bank', Metr. Dinds. iii 260.14 . do chloinn Bhanbha bhláth-bhuadha, Keat. Poems 1020. céad bláthchraobh ann re fhighe `bright strands' (of hair), Magauran 1865 . blāithfleasg `a garland of flowers', Eg. Gl. 684. ar bordaibh bruach-ṡoillsi blath-indber `beautiful harbours', MR 102.7 . With n. pr. bláth-Ḟergus prosperous Fergus, Ériu iv 98 § 28a .

comaithches

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comaithches or dil.ie/10690

 

Forms: comaithgess, comaigthes, comicheas, comaithchesa, comchesa, comaidhcis

n u, m. (comaithech). Also comaithgess, Trip.² 1671 . comaigthes, Hib. Min. 76 § 2 . comicheas, Laws v 462.19 . g s. comaithchesa, O'Curry 23 ( H 3.18, 10b ). comchesa, Laws i 272.y Comm. As o-stem comaidhcis, O'Curry 723 ( H 3.18, 346 ).

(a) neighbourhood relationship, legal situation of a comaithech, local community relations after land has been cleared and apportioned: bretha comaithchesa inso .i. c.¤ cangaibter a comorbus cenn congaibther c.¤ a comrainn selbha athar ar lín mac, O'Curry 23 ( H 3.18, 10b ). cid ara neibenar comaithces cumagnais andsin ? (sic leg.). arinni is comaith gnais caich diaraili do lomrad smachta ┐ cáiche; araili is comaithces arinni is cuma no do gaib aire fri aithech ┐ aircindech fri bachlach why is it called neighbourhood of equal association ? . . . otherwise it is neighbourhood because the nobleman takes it equally with the commoner, Laws iv 68.2 ff. (cf. O'Dav. 524 ). can forbeir coimaithces ? A ilchomarbus (sic leg.) . . . Conrandat comarba cetamus a randa ┐ a sealba ┐ imfen cach dib fri araile, ┐ dobeir cach dib diguin diaraile, 68.19 ff. cid dofet a comaices ? Dofet rand ime what takes precedence in c. ? 70.1 .i. comaircim cid is remthechtach isin aithechus cumaide, 5 Comm. co dentar coimaices ? Anrandtar aile ar treisi; ingaibtar aile ime dia cuicti; inforcindtar aile dia dechmaide; incomalltar og ime dia mis, 18 . a ui Chuinn, co roich comaithceas crich ? . . . Co mmuir co ruth, co romuir, co roilbhi, co ramut bidbad (i.e. the division of land extends as far as forest-land, sea, mountain etc.), ZCP xii 363.11 . comhaithches ann so: Nach tír ná techta díorainn do muigh, no sleibh . . . dlighidh urrann innibh . . . ┐ rod do ṡliabh . . . this is a rule of c.¤ , any holding that does not include a portion of uncultivated land and mountain is entitled to such a portion and to access to it, Ériu xiii 33.18 . ni tuailing breitheamnacht la Feine na fiastar tellach ┐ comicheas mbruigrechta, Laws v 462.19 . brithem beras breith coir eter da comaidech rofiastar teora delba comaidcesa .i. smacht ┐ aithgin ┐ cathaig three aspects of the law of neighbouring land-holding, ZCP xii 363.4 ( O'Curry 20 ). atait secht n-aile la feine a comaithces nad usa adrodmaither a ratha: tond aile, tracht aile . . ., Laws v 270.13 . atait secht n-oirgni a comaithces, nadcon tuillet smachta . . .: ag imsoi dia eol, ag fris'roscrad a chond . . ., 268.17 . do denam a cota don c.¤ duty of a `comaithech', ZCP xv 315.27 . cadiat smachta ime ┐ comaicesa ? Smachta ime, rama fri clais, soc fri coraid, biail fri dairime (comaithig who failed to fence their holdings were subject to the confiscation of their tools), Laws iv 72.1 . arindi do nairgella cach ara cethrai a coir comathcesa frisna cethri comaithchiu ata nesom immidbiat, i 260.10 .i. ro comilledh in athachus comuidh do reir coir, 274.25 Comm. slán cech comaithchius curthar gellaib every neighbourhood relationship is sound, PRIA xxxvi (1923) 309.3 ( Laws iv 340.22 ). ar ocht cethraib bite for comaidches .i. bai ┐ mucca, eich, cairigh, gabair, cercca, beich, geoidh (i.e. which `count' in the rules of c.), ZCP xii 363.7 ( O'Curry 20 ). cain comaidhcis, O'Curry 723 ( H 3.18, 346 ). beo-dili fine . . . ni fuil ni eistib, a cuairt comaicesa (i.e. no payment is due to anyone on cattle found straying within the territory held by the comaithig), Laws v 324.19 Comm. a fidh chomaithchesa woodland subject to c., O'Curry 1026 ( H 3.18, 432a ). ised is cinta comaithchesa ann, iní do dena re hoiledaib ┐ re hairbedaibh, re fer ┐ re arbar . . . offences against neighbouring landholders, Laws iii 186.1 Comm. nocho biaid comaithgess and in saeculum no settled occupancy(?), Trip.² 1671 . no is coimiches boi occu imon usqe (i.e. they had a right to the water such as would exist under the law of c.), Celtica iv 6.8 . ro baí imresain . . . im comhroinn ┐ im comhaightes a ccriche, AFM vi 2086.16 . Note also: ogṡaire na hecailse co brath, can ch.¤ sliged no cailled acht a bith i coi[t]chend . . . do cach Midiuch neighbourhood rights, Misc. Arch. Soc. 144.z .

(b) proximity, neighbourhood, occupation of adjacent territory; neighbourship; neighbourly relations : o sunn rancatar fodes / co Ioseph hi c.¤ , SR 3650 . comaithig . . . do M. Huī Māil ┐ ba holc . . . a chomaithcess doib (`neighbour- ship', Gloss.), Fing. R. 955 . dligid c.¤ caomclōdh, Anecd. iii 14.21 . ona borbaib barbardaib filet i c.¤ Gréc, LL 31207 ( TTr. 390 ). BB 416a25 . i lleth ri sruth Níl fodess / fri Affraic a comaidchess near(?), LL 16243 . Meoit ri hArmein aníar / i comaithchess nach rochian, 16267 . ba fae do cechta[r] de a comriachtain ┐ a comadces to encounter one another or to be in one another's proximity, Cog. 58.21 . Dall is Dorcha rís aneas/ri cromtha rí comaices, BB 351b44 . comhaithcheas .i. comharsanachd, O'Cl.

(c) strangeness, dissimilarity : ó chomaithcheas ┐ ó éxsamhlacht na ngalar `strangeness and variety', De Contemptu 1049 . Gramm.: gach táoibhréim úathaidh théid a coimhitheas (gcomoighthes v.l.) no is faide iná a ainm úathaidh which takes on a different form, IGT Decl. § 21 (75.17) . ó théid a ccomhuidheas tar a chruth féin, Introd. § 18 .

(d) estrangement, enmity : dogniter iarum comhaighthes friu ┐ diultad `unneighbourliness', Lism. L. 2898 . id bhrugh ní bhí coimhidheas / re duine do ṡíol Eabha, DDána 120.34 . táir ar gcoimheighthios cogoidh `our violent estrangement was a trifle', Studies 1921, 589 § 6 . dar gcora i gcomhuightheas `of setting us at enmity', Aithd. D. 65.21 . ní neamhoircheas / rí 's a chlann i gcomhaightheas `estranged', 7 . ? doberim mhe fein cen comaithes duid ┐ dena do bail fein dim, ZCP vi 49.2 (`without opposition'). is let-sa misi cen comait[h]us, 37.x . ? an grath (= .d) bes comhaitheas dia luighi, O'Curry 507 ( H 3.18, 257 ).

comaithe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comaithe or dil.ie/10691

 

`vb. n. of com-aith-fen-, here used as collective', Binchy, note on: nád tuinmell túath ule acht c.¤ `which the whole people do not proclaim (assent to ?) but only the neighbours' (Notes), Críth G. 501 . ? comaithches in ferainn .i. comaith-gnais .i. gnathugud comaidhe. Nó araile is comaithechus aithechus comaidhe, O'Dav. 524 , cf. O'Curry 2783 ( Eg. 88, 83 ). for sechran itir ch.¤ `straying among neighbours', Laws ii 58.13 Comm. ar coimlepuidh in c.¤ , i 142.26 Comm. (`while occupying the common bed of the neighbour'). d'aithe a indlighidh ar in c.¤ nar coimed a innele ar fearunn a comuigthigh `on the neighbour who has not kept his cattle from the land of his neighbour', ii 74.15 Comm. bud mairg do c[h]omhaithib, ZCP viii 207 § 40 .

comḟochraíb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comḟochraíb or dil.ie/11176

 

adj (fochraíb. See O'Rahilly, Celtica i 341-3 ).

(a) in phr. i c.¤ near . With gen. hi comfocraíb imdai ind ríg, LU 7648 (BDD). i comḟochraib ┐ i comḟacus in dorais, LL 31094 (TTr.). a comhfocraibh in tsleibhe sin, CCath. 1221 . a comfocraib na cairrcci, Grail 2149 . ar a chomfochraip near it, Fl. Earls 122.30 . With DO: i comḟocus ┐ i comḟochraib dóib, TBC-LL² 2125 . rancatar i comaichraib do B., RC xiii 72.9 . Absol.: in slog i comfocra, Laws v 192.23 Comm.

(b) With copula and DO: combu comochraib báss dí, near her, Trip.² 2345. 2712 . gorbo comfochraibh . . . doib, CCath. 3881 . ba comhfoc[h]raibh don caiscc, ZCP x 411.10 . Note also: mad comacraib iat ┐ madh comaith a torodh `equally near' (of bees), Laws iv 172.25 Comm. Attrib.: isna ferannaibh comacraibhibh in the neighbouring districts, Anecd. iii 64.5 . oc milled . . . na crīch ┐ na cennadach comfochræib, ACL iii 224.16 . morcaisléin in leit[h]e comfocraib don G. `of the side near to G.', CCath. 3432 . na feranna comfochruibhe, TFrag. 196.19 . is na tírib comfochraibe, TTr.² 624 . na da chiniud chomfochraibe, Laud 610, 90a , cited Meyer Contribb. s. comḟochraibe. Adv. co comfochraib i [co]mfocus very near, CCath. 2417 .

Subst. neighbour(s); neighbouring territory: nach déni olc fri-a chomfhochraib, PH 8090 . comfocraib a[c] cainedh a chele `neighbours', Aen. 2720 . Iotar na comfochraibhe día nagallaimh, Leb. Gab.(i) 242.30 . na comhfochraibh battar comhfoiccsi dóibh his nearest neighbours, AFM v 1786.6 . an bá forrél do na comfocraibhe do'n domhan `neighbouring parts of the world', iii 10.3 . isna comhfhochraibhe `in the neighbourhood', Hugh Roe² 42.22 .

commaith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. commaith or dil.ie/11494

 

adj (maith) equally, very good : dá ech . . . commathi, LU 8591 ( FB 45 ). ech maith . . . / is c.¤ lí itir muir is tír, SG 242.20 . níbad cháined . . . combar commaithe `equally generous' (of Ailill and Medb), TBC-LL² 31 . be . . . comaith ┐ comceniuil `of equal property', Laws ii 380.z . mat comaithi a folaid, 362.26 . c.¤ bfairgsi ┐ fesa, IGT Decl. ex. 163 .

cuitchernas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cuitchernas or dil.ie/13723

 

n u and o, m. (cuitcherna) joint lordship, equal rank, condominium : nemcuitchernas .i. nemcomtigernas ris . . . .i. gana arada (gan a rád ?) is comaith iad, no nemtogbail caigne fris in airse, O'D. 1010 (H. 2.15. p. 16a-b). In gen. as defining wd. bé cuitchernsa, cuitchernais (-tg-) (see 1 bé and Stud. in E. Ir. Law 29 , 47 , 82 ): fo fuasna ide (sic leg. ?) a curu uile mat baith, Laws ii 382.1 .i. in be cuitgernsa `the woman of equal rank', 10 Comm. in be coitcernnsa (one of the `cethri mna dligthecha' who can make valid contracts, etc.), v 286.20 Comm. (`rival wife'). cetmuintir co macaib, ┐ . . . cen macu, ┐ adaltrach co macaib, ┐ be cuitchernsa, fri logh i nenech, etc., ii 384.18 Comm. = na ceithri mná dlighthech . . . cétmuinntir co maca . . . ┐ in bé cuitghernais (sic leg.), O'D. 808 ( H 3.17, col. 578 - 9 ).

gnás

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gnás or dil.ie/26190
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: gnas, gnásu, gnáis, gnása

n (gnáth) ā, f. but a s. gnas, AU i 404.19 (an. 886 ); a p. gnásu, LL 156b16 . m. (g s. and n p. gnáis and gnása), IGT Decl. § 38.11 . o, m. in Mod. Ir.

(a) intercourse, companionship, frequentation : maith les a gnási he likes her companionship, Wb. 10a2 . dús inríct[h]ar tria gnáissi, 10a3 . dofuthrisse a buith im gnaís, 32a9 . resiu robetis im gnais (gl. priusquam mihi essent usui) before they were familiar to me, Ml. 58d7 . doberaind-se uile ... ar gnais (gnuis, Eg.) Noisi, IT i 81.11 . cach oén bís ina ngnáis ┐ inna lepaid, BDD 92 . robeó ... i mbithgnáis in tṡlúaig-se, Fél. Ep. 316 ; 375 . m' ænurān ... | cen duinēn im gnāis, Ériu ii 55 § 1 . cett lim cia rabur na gnáis, ZCP iii 37.17 . nī roächt gnās co marbu has not reached the company of the dead, Bruchst. i § 112 ( AU an. 886 ; AFM an. 884 ). rop sorche fri gnáis `brilliant in company,' Tec. Corm. § 6.37 . serba sírgnáise (of women) `crabbed in constant companionship,' § 16.3 . Laws i 20.28 Comm. AFM i 308.1 . mairc rachas i gnāis (v.l. fíadnaise) Ulad do gabail ir-righe ... who shall go among the Ulstermen, RC xxi 160 § 25 . Of places: i ngnais in díthruib, SR 4740 . da m-bad lim Ériu ule ... dobéraind ... ar gnais in bale ránac, LU 3737 ( SCC 33 ). bud maith lim ma (= mo) ghnās a nGartan I should like to dwell in G., ACL iii 224 § 3 . mór in buaid don reilic bic | cibé rosic iarna ghnáis, SG 33.12 . Cnoc Tarbga co túath-gnáis `a resort of the people,' Metr. Dinds. iii 370.63 . By extension: cech slógh roscaoil gnás don ghliaidh every host that has parted company from strife, AFM ii 898.12 (poem). gnās na Sacramaintedh the frequentation of the Sacraments, Luc. Fid. 67.7 . Freq. of cohabitation: co rosaraich hi ┐ co ndeachaid na gnais da h-aindeoin, Ériu ii 180.1 . Laws iii 540.9 Comm. co ndeachaid ina gnáis ┐ ina caomhthach, Anecd. i 78.7 . Cóir Anm. § 70 ( IT iii 320.11 ). SG 48.5 . i ngnáis mná in rechtairi, 241.2 . dochúaidh Iácob na gnás, Gen. xxx 4. Of rape: is dachuáid ina gnáis ar sain, | ní ar áis acht ar éicin 'and he had knowledge of her then, not by consent but by force' Ériu xiv 157 § 11 (The Yew of the Disputing Sons (LL)) .

(b) custom, usage, practice, manners: tre gnais a ṁbuithe in hilur through the usage of their being in the plural, Sg. 73a13 . i ngassaib garbdai cech cin, SR 7995 . gnása ingen macdacht léo they have the manners of young girls, BDD 92 . nathir cach ben, grīb cach ingen, | serbha a [n]gnāsa, ZCP viii 196 § 15 . is comaith gnais caich diaraile `the customs are equally good,' Laws iv 68.3 . gnás cumaide `the common usage,' (8 Comm. ). at mathi a chland .i. ... fir Breg ... im gnáis, im alaig, im sotlotus, LU 4267 . eter gnāis ┐ gaisced ┐ chenēl, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 6.9 . TTr.² 1666 . scith mo mheanma, muad mo ghnas, Bruchst. i § 111 ( AFM an. 884 ). gnás alaig erlabra, Triads 80 (v.l.). gairm fri gnásu `a customary title,' Metr. Dinds. iii 302.63 . níor chuireamar na cumhachta-sa a ngnás, 1 Corinth. ix 12 . gnás geasróghach a superstitious practice, Donlevy 436.16 . ? co tanic mac Agnomain | Nemed nimtha gnás, LL 418.

(c) frequency: a gnas do-gabhais fád cenn | feilm cruadha the frequency with which you put on your head a helmet, Irish Texts ii 29 § 35 .

4 í, hí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 4 í, hí or dil.ie/26897

 

Forms: int-í, -í, -í, int-í, int-é, intía, an-í, an ní, in ní, ind ní, int, intíi, indtí, ant, inthé, in té, intía, an, ind, ani, aní, a, an, ind, inn, inn, forsinní, inn, indní, immontí, ani, forsaní, iní, ind, indhí, indt, inní, in, an, an tia, na, dondí, isind, dondhí, ontí, dind, dontí, té, indh, indíi, indi, indí, indhí, innah, na, na, forsnah, inna, innah, nahí, na, innan, donaib, isnaib, cosnaib, donahi, donafíb, cosna, arna, iarsna, int-í, isindí, airindí, iarsindí, hib

indeclin. pronom. demonstrative particle, accented. In O.Ir., was nasalised in the same cases as adj. In Mid.Ir. no exx. of nasalisation.

I

(a) Rarely used alone as demonstrative (see Thurn. KZ xlviii 52f .) : a lleth n-aill hí ara-thá `die andere Hälfte, die übrig ist', KZ xlviii 52 = ZCP vi 2. in duine in chainchomraic hí `that man of peace', Ml. 61c2 . in tan hí ba gābud dí `at that time it was a peril to her', Thes. ii 347.2 . atarachtatár in maic hí ro slassa and those boys who, LU 4900.

(b) Usually accompanied by another demonstrative which it emphasizes, e.g. hí siu, hí sin, hí thall : int Alaxander hí sin `that Alexander', Wb. 28a20 . a mbas n-isin, 15d12 . nínchruth hí thall `not in that manner', 26b13 . cid a n-uathath n-ísiu arna roib occo `that even this one should not be at it', 5a26 . ni fil folad n-aill fora sernte in soscéle issin (leg. hísin, Edd.) `on which that Gospel could be built', 18c8 . it dássactig in dóini hisiu `these men are mad', 12d36 . dú diarbu etarcnad in macc hísin `the place whence that Son hath been recognised', Tur. 22. conruptar fadirci ind usci robatar hi fudumnaib talman trí indlach inna talman n-isin `through the cleaving of those earths', Ml. 40d16 . a ndliged n-ísin nephaccomoil inna teora liter i n-oen sillaib, Sg. 7b9 . dos bert in leth hí sin for tús, IT i 40.28 . forna tinnib cetharchorib hísin, BDD² 773. ria lonaib .i. na slog isin `i.e. of these hosts', Laws iv 154.17 Comm. adsuidighter cricha tra forsnahaib íseo `boundaries are settled by these kinds (of land marks)', 144.18 Comm. is húar a llaa nísiu, ZCP viii 175.17 . is nemnech in gáeth hísiu, ib. 19 . fáemit-sium dano ani hisin, LU 9036. nirba lugu a echta in airseda isin, TTebe 3152 .

(c) ? Used alone substantivally : ní fhacaidh mo chlí ris í dom chlannaibh comharsan `my bosom found none of my neighbours to deal therewith', Ó Bruad. iii 216.y .

II int-í (article+-í, used substantivally). The article is declined throughout ; -í is invariable but in later texts the -b of the dat. pl. ending is added to -í. On the analogy of é and sé, int-í became int-é. This form appears as early as S.R. Later there are a few exx. of intía. See below. In Mid. Ir. the neut. an-í through confusion with the subst. ní became an ní, in ní and sometimes ind ní.

FORMS.

Nom. m. int, Wb. 1a3 . intíi, 12c19 . indtí, Mon. Tall. 134.16 . ant, ZCP viii 109 § 2. inthé, SR 1659. in té, Acall. 218. intía, 577 n. an tia, Ó Bruad. ii 106.8 . f. ind, Sg. 220a10 . n. ani, Wb. 15d33 . aní, Ml. 74d7 . a ní, PH 3685. an ni, 6194 . ind ni, 5251 . inn, ScM. § R 1 . acc. m. inn, Wb. 11a11 . Ml. 76c2 . Tur. 60. forsinní, Ml. 52. inn, ScM. § 3. indní, Mon. Tall. 136.29 . immontí, TBC-LL¹ 1911. n. ani, Wb. 4d17 . forsaní, 9c1 . iní, TTebe 4729 . gen. m. and n. ind, Wb. 17d21 . Sg. 198a21 . indhí, Mon. Tall. 133.17 . indt, 133.25 . inní, Imr. Brain § 64. in tíí, PH 1924. an té, Dán Dé vii 33. an tia, Ó Bruad. ii 180.12 . f. na hí, AFM vi 2126.6 . dat. m. and n. dondí, Wb. 4c26 . isind, 5a18 . dondhí, Mon. Tall. 143.15 . ontí, 141.19 . dind, Hib. Min. 288. dontí, TBC-LL¹ 745. PH 6484. gan té , Dán Dé x 16. nom. pl. m. indh, Wb. 29a12 . indíi, 4c40 . indi, Ml. 114b7 . indí, Mon. Tall. 131.z . indhí, 161.22 . n. innah, Sg. 54b6 . na hí, PH 2037. na hai, 1132 . acc. pl. forsnah, Wb. 20d1 . inna hí, Ml. 115b19 . innah, Sg. 179b2 . nahí, Mon. Tall. 136.z . PH 6543. na hii-sea, 2285 . gen. pl. innan, Wb. 25b27 . Tur. 71. Ml. 29b4 . dat. pl. donaib hí, Sg. 156b7 . Wb. 30a20 . isnaib hí, Sg. 164b2 . cosnaib hi, Ériu ii 102 § 11. donahi, Ml. 46c7 . donafíb, LU 2261. cosna fíb, 1951 . arna haiib, PH 1415. iarsna hiib-sin, 1275 .

Contracted forms occur: ti rotbrathaig he who has betrayed you, SR 1317. deoda tíi godly was the man? (cheville), 4503 . ba trénfer duairc tí thucsat, 5780 . ba dulig cor ris tí robói and, CRR § 55. bennacht uar 'té (=for inté, Ed.) dianid húa, ACL iii 307 § 22. a chaoín-tí ré maothuíghear O gentle one, Hard. i 180.1 .

USAGE.

int-í may be folld. by

(a) a rel. clause, in which case it means he who, whosoever : intíi labrathar ilbélre `he who speaks many languages,' Wb. 12c19 . do menmanib innaní asbertis ... `to the minds of those that used to say,' 25b27 . forsnahí comalnatar toil dáe `on those who fulfil God's will,' 20d1 . frecre dondi asrobrad ... `to that which has been said,' 3c31 . is hé tíntud indí as barabas `this is the interpretation of `Barabbas,'' Tur. 113. aní remíerbart `what he had said before,' Ml. 74d7 . is sain indí asidrubart ┐ indí frisanérbrath, Sg. 220a10 . inní do-bered anís don chétgabáil, ScM. § R 1 . intí día maccleirchiu forsa mbeith ítu mór, Mon. Tall. 144.32 . dar cend indtí adbail `on behalf of one that dies,' 133.25 . do muindtiri-siu huli etir indní díob adgladmis ┐ ..., 136.29 . fochraice nime ┐ píana iffirn d'innisain donafíb no chretitis, LU 2261. co neipirt in ti ba tir `the person whose land it was,' Laws iv 4.29 Comm. mo ṡargud immontí thanic for m'óisam, TBC-LL¹ 1911. Oisín mac Finn in té nár' ér duine riamh, Acall. 218. cindus a rád comtís dee na hí naptar dee?, PH 731. nime ┐ talman cosnaib hi docuissin indib `with all that exists therein,' Ériu ii 102 § 11. at [i]at na leath-ghutai nahi dourgabtar treothu fen `the semivowels are those that are pronounced by themselves,' Auraic. 464. ó rígh gus an té as táire, Dán Dé vii 13. éag an tia do bhiathadh iolair `of him who fed ...,' Ó Bruad. ii 180.12 .

aní sometimes = all that : aní forricfedh isin domun do anmandaib `all the beasts it would find in the world,' Ériu ii 134 § 116. an ni dotimchillfid a carpad do Muig Bregh `so much of the plain of Bregia as his chariot would surround,' RC xvii 16.17 .

Combines with prepositions to form conjunctions, isindí in that, since; airindí for the reason that, because; iarsindí after that, when, since, in as much as : is indí dorathchratha `in that they had been redeemed,' Ml. 125b9 . isindí nad creitid `in that ye believe not,' Wb. 1d14 . is follus isindí nachim-rindarpai se `it is manifest in that He has not cast me away,' 5a18 . airindí asfóite fon díthrub `because it used to be sent to the desert,' Tur. 110 e . arindni techtus na hi atcobra, Hib. Min. 426. ar in ni is comaith gnais caich, Laws iv 68.3 . iarsindí adcuaidsom di neuch immethecrathar ... `after he has spoken ...,' Ml. 65a1 . iarsindí bes tuidchisse deichthrib i ndoiri `after the ten tribes shall have been led into captivity,' 72d1 . in litir amal intech legend (leg. lēgind) iarsinni fuires set in legind `inasmuch as it prepares ...,' Auraic. 362. na Collai .i. colaigh iarsaní ro marbsat Fiacha, BB 250b40 .

(b) a proper noun in apposition, or a noun equivalent to a proper noun, e.g. día. int-í then means the aforementioned: inti Moysi, Wb. 33a2 . intan ad citaacae rebeca inní isác, Tur. 60. ducorastar dia deilb mordraige ... forsinní dauid ... connach n-ingeuin intí abimelech, Ml. 52. donahi diandrerchoil intí dia `to those to whom God hath decreed it,' 46c7 . búi seom intí Nóisi a óenur for dóe na rratha, IT i 72.3 . ro-lá didiu i socht innī Mac Dathó, ScM. § 3. co rub garit a ré ┐ a remess in tíí Iúdais, PH 5116. is e inti cetna, idon, Lucifer, Todd Lect. iii 54.22 . gabhais iarom an ti Golamh ..., Leb. Gab.(i) 224.y . i n-onóir na hí naemh Muire, AFM vi 2126.6 .

(c) a demonstrative particle, e.g. -siu, -sin: fri genti asbeir som anisiu, Wb. 4d17 . adib mogae indísin `ye are servants of Him,' 3b15 . innísin glan `him pure' gl. mundum, Ml. 76c2 . ní beram aichni inní sin `we do not know such a one,' Imr. Brain § 64. amail forfertis a cridiscelae nahí sin `according as their desires should bring about those results,' Mon. Tall. 136.z . ro-comaillit ... na hii-sea uli, PH 2285.

(d) an adv. of place or an adverbial phrase: gluás indí riam `a gloss on what is before,' Wb. 17d21 . du gnimaib aní tuás du persannaib anisiu sís, Ml. 117c6 . intí thall gl. ille, Sg. 197a9 . meisde ar mbreath gan té rem thaoibh-se `my friend'-s opinion of me shall be lower,' Dán Dé x 16.

The Mid. Ir. dat. pl. form used sometimes instead of the dat. pl. of the article: teora sealba na beiread ba dona hib caithaib seo `three lands in which cows are not fined for these trespasses,' Laws iv 124.25 Comm. amail remindērbartamar isna hībh crōaibh aile, Ériu i 215.10 . is marb m'anmcharu isnahíb laib sea, LB 260a58 . robai ... fúath finemnach di or ┐ do arcat innahib turedaib ordaibh in tigi sin, BB 493a49 .

letraid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. letraid or dil.ie/30068

 

Forms: leitér

v fut. stem leitér-, -eor-,

(a) cuts (off), severs, fells, breaches: urfoichledh in cach ferus na fuili na roletradh na feithe `that he sever not', BCrólige 58 n.1 . letrais Diuran donn lic laindrech / . . . / coic leathunga cut off, Anecd. i 67 § 153. ledraig finda fo usce, ledrad finda for cind, ┐ ni tescadh tuind, Aen. 1934 . doleic M. . . . a shoighit co ro ledair in snaithi . . . ┐ ni ro letair int en, ┐ dochuaid int en . . . for foluamain, 1131 . thug Lughaidh béim do Chonall no gur gerrastar ┐ gur leadarthar a chengail, Comp. CC 132.1 . letras fraech, forcocnus figh, silas sliabh, BLism. 175 va 5 . cor' letrastair in láimh clí ó bun na gualann de, CCath. 2064 . cor' letair . . . / in n-étach bai im Saul, SR 6379 (= praecidit, 1 Sam. xxiv 5 ). nach [biadh] sgéal 'mun fháinne air / méar a láimhe gur leadair, DDána 102.27 . eirniter fo airdeibi gacha feadha is comaith cenél ris, ┐ ni leatartar uile (of fines for mutilation of trees), Laws iv 170.13 Comm . mas iat fedha in ferainn do letradh and, O'Curry 1736 ( 23 Q 6, 29b ). cid fodera go fuiled tri .xx.it screball do loct na fearand ro leadradh sund `which have been breached' (of compensation to occupiers of land over which water has been conveyed), Ériu xvii 74.2 (Coibnes Uisci Th. Comm.). meath na dúthaig dontí ledrus / úr ibhair na naom, SG 24. 35 .

(b) wounds, lacerates, mangles, hacks, rends : dāig is dar cenn lūaigi / leitērthar co lūath, TBC-I¹ 2591 (= locherthair, TBC-LL¹ 3356 ). 's corot letar claideb crúaid, / 's coro ṡil bróen fola dar grúaid, TFerbe 474 . mallacht ar láim ro letair, 700 . ra lettair Lóch mo da lon, TBC-LL¹ 2365 . lerg-luam Lugdach, letrad cailc who hacked shields, Metr. Dinds. ii 80.7 . Lochēne lonn letrad chath, ZCP viii 118 § 29 . sceinnit píasta ┐ bladhmhíla cucu-san co leadraid íad, RC xxiv 378.14 . Húa Fergail da bualadh do chloidhim, cor' ledair co mor `mangled', xviii 169.21 (Tig.). mor ngealchorp . . . ros ledraigset láigne, Alex. 137 . co letrad feóil ┐ lethar on chnáim immach, PH 7212 . leó co ngae gonas no letras (gl. Galeon), O'Dav. 1146 . mo lāmh nochar leadair duine, Aithd. D. 70.3 . ro loiscceadh Coill Comair leis, ┐ ro ledradh `hewn down', Cog. 116.y .

(c) strikes, smites(?): airigsi and . . . sruth ard amnas / ledrais aire crand a gai glais, Anecd. i 58 § 64.

secainim

Cite this: eDIL s.v. secainim or dil.ie/36730

 

n ī, f. (? 2 sec or 1 secc+ainim blemish) the name of some disease or fault in horses (?): ni saig dilsi for eachaib na hibraib cu seachtmain for mis for bliadain ar iarsmaib ainmib (glossed: nocha tairiseand dilsi for na heachaibh fireanna anas ar na haigcideadhaibh iubair tra . . . re teacmaisin na seacainme is in neach, no caechadbaidh, no dluighisidhe is in niubhar, as uime do berar in re sin riu), O'Curry 1863 ( 23 P 3, 20a ). da sét ro ba comaith i llo in cundartha ┐ secainm isin dara lo (leg. séut) ┐ in sét eili ar bisech ┐ cemad ail don dara fir a diubairt d'acra ar in fer eili nocho roich, uair roba comaith a ló in cundartha iat, O'D. 1618 ( H 5.15, p. 14a ). Plummer (MS. notes) considers that here secainm means depreciation.

3 sech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 sech or dil.ie/36744

 

ind in sech is (see GOI § 35 , § 883 ) introducing an explanatory word, phrase or clause that is to say, namely, in other words , folld. by abs. (deut.) form of vb. Rare in Wb., does not occur in Sg., but freq. in Ml. Often preceded by .i. When the following clause would normally begin with 3 sg. pres. indic. of copula this is omitted. Other parts of copula remain: .i. sech is óen spirut fotdáli, Wb. 12a8 . sech is ardi son dombera dia do neuch `that is a sign that God will give', Ml. 51b10 . sech is inonn óin lesom a ndede n-isiu, 62c3 . sech is mor son á n-andach durigensat, 80b4 ; but: sech is ba trom foraib són cen tíchtain á tíre fadesin, 34d12 . .i. sech is hit saigte asind fidboicc, 80b6 .

Before a plural noun, sech it is sometimes used: .i. sech it inna forcital són, Ml. 107a14 . sech it aitribthidi ind nime són gl. caeli, 70a11 . in doltai sech it gnimai són, 75d6 ; but sech is is more frequent: sech is na menmana son, 35c5 . inna briathra sin sech is inna torgabala són, 44b11 . sech is inna gnimu són, 53b10 . inna ilchaigthiu .i. sech is inna conuala, 76d13 . sech is inna diamri nó inna imdoirsea, 92d5 .

Other exx. (són or ón frequently follows the explanatory word, phrase, or clause. Cf. noch is). .i. s.¤ is spés ón, Wb. 25c7 . .i. s.¤ is doringensat són gl. narrauerunt, Ml. 16d6 . s.¤ is ho gnimaib són gl. effectibus, 20c12 . .i. s.¤ is no-n-doirtais ┐ ara-foimtis intiu són `i.e. that they should enslave and take into them', 28c18 (gl. manciparent see note). .i. s.¤ is amal no-n-gnetis ón gním in n-aithchi dorchi, 30a4 . .i. s.¤ is concumai són gl. possit, 32d15b . honaib tunchaib .i. s.¤ is honaib srebnaib són, 39c10 . s.¤ is sásatar gl. saturati sunt, 40a10 . s.¤ is ataim són confesses, 42b26 . .i. s.¤ is dolega inna pecthi són, 46d6 . hua taidchur s.¤ is du thaidchur són `by return, that is, for return', 70c5 . s.¤ is cen a chomallad ón `that is, without fulfilling it', 76a15 (gl. qui sub Lege fuerunt). lassa lar ndluith s.¤ is lasinn uile talmuin `with the compact ground, that is, with the whole earth', 89d18 . s.¤ is ní gati eronn ón `it is not to be taken from us', 106c13 .

Infrequent outside the O.Ir. Glosses: secht n-athgabala . . . nacon toibget leasa cid be no-do-gaba; s.¤ is in ti no-do-gaib isse asren a fiachu `that is, he who takes them, pays the fines', Laws v 256.27 . mad be cetmunterasa techta, comaith ┐ comc[h]eniuil—s.¤ is comc[h]eniu[i]l cach comaith `und jede gleich `gute' ist ja ebenbürtig', Stud. in E. Ir. Law 46 § 22 (= Laws ii 382.1 ). atait secht mbreitheamain nad fuigliter la Feine s.¤ is go tuath ┐ cenn a fuigell `that is, their decision is a falsehood to people and chiefs', Laws v 352.18 . crosfigeld fri bíat iterum i forciund ind cáocaid medonaich sechis cantemus hisuidiu. crosfigild iarum oc Domine probasti frisa cedna sechis imun Michíl inddalae fecht immon Muiri a fecht naild `a cross-vigil with 'Beati' again at the end of the middle fifty, that is, 'Cantemus' at this point; then a cross-vigil 'at Domine probasti'in the same way: that is, 'Hymn to Michael' one time; 'Hymn to Mary' the next, Mon. Tall. 30 (138.10 , 12 ).

seicgnímrad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. seicgnímrad or dil.ie/36878

 

n o, m. (? 1 secc+gnímrad) In the first ex. apparently in the meaning utmost effort . In the second, perhaps a mistake for secainim, q.v.: ac tarraing a feadma ┐ a seicgnimraid astu (of ploughing oxen), Laws iii 268.17 (`perhaps only secc- in the sense of hard, firm', Laws Gl.). damna eich ro cennaig duine annsin ┐ comaith hi ┐ in log do rat dia cind, nocho nfuil tuilliud ris ┐ cid ferr he noco nuil a breith for cula .i. commaith na seoit i lo in cunnarta annsin, ┐ ata in darna set dib ar bisech o sin amach, ┐ ata in set aile ar doombisech, ┐ cemad ris dised menma in fir imuig diubairt dagra ann no in set d'athchur, ce no fasad sec gnimraid aige fein ann, noco cumaing uair ro bu commaith i lo in cundarta iad, O'Curry 2031 ( H 4.22, 55 ).

2 úar, úair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 úar, úair or dil.ie/42763
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: úair, úai, uá, húair, húair, hór, huare, uái, úara, húa, huaraib, uaire, uairib, uaire, óenúaire, óenúaire, úaire, úair, uair, uair, uair, uair, huaraib, indorsa, úair, ath-úair, húair, úair, húair, chētōir, uair, óenúair, n-óenúair, húair, óenúair, noenuair, oenuair, d[i]úair, uairib, d[i]uairib, uairib, úaraib, úar, úair, óir, úaire, óre, hóre, húa(i)re, huair

n (earlier ór) ā, f. (<Lat. hora) úair ab hora , Corm. Y 1281 . úai, IGT, Decl. § 14 . O.Ir. forms: n s. uá, Sg. 45b1 . n du. di húair , BCr. 31b2 . a du. di húair deac, 33b9 . g s. hór, Wb. 16b5 . huare, BCr. 25c1 . d s. uái, Wb. 16b5 . 25b16 . Ml. 82d9 . a p. úara, SR 226 , 7243 . g p. húa, Ml. 111a7 . d p. huaraib, Sg. 215a4 . Mid. Ir. n p. uaire, ITS xiv 76.11 ; 140y . d p. uairib, ITS xiv 138.8 ; 17 .

I

(a) an hour, the twenty-fourth part of day: cid do úair .i. cuit hóre `though it be for a season, that is, merely an hour' (gl. etsi ad horam), Wb. 16b5 . isna cumscaigthiu .i. húar du fodail són (gl. horarum momenta), Ml. 111a7 . teora cethramdin huare aequinocht indid mailliu a tuile ar cach óenlaithiu `three-quarters of an equinoctial hour,' BCr. 25c1 . arit di húair in signo, 31b2 . ni roig di húair deac, 33b9 . tricha lathi ... la dech n-úara ┐ lethuar, SR 226 . fri re n-uare, 2079 . boi occu fri re n-uari he, PH 808 . ro fhill G. gluine iarum fri re n-uaire, 1256 . fāsaidh an lā co sē hūairib dēg, ITS xiv 140.7 . is é is uair ann .i. cuid do na ceithre codchaibh fichead bhíos san lá nádúrtha, Corp. Astron. 14 § 9 . is é an lá nádúrtha spás ceithre n-uaire fichead thosuigheas ó éirghe don ghréin go h-éirghe dhí an ath-uair, 12 § 8 . fóiridh an clár so chum feasa na huaire i n-éirgheann an ghrian ┐ i luigheann sí, 20y . ranntar an aimsir ... i n-uairibh, 6.2 . an uair do chlog `the hour of the clock,' 38.2 . an uair do ló, 42 § 3 . an uair do oidhche, 38 § 2 . cá hu.¤ do ló no dh'oidhchi díscaeilter in doman, RC xxiv 382 § 21 . fios na n-uaire, Corp. Astron. 44 , 23 . go maireann ... mí i n-aghaidh na huaire `lasts a month for every hour' 158.4 . i gcás nach dtiocfadh chum uaire iomlán, 148.20 . Attrib. gen.: clog uaire `a time-piece,' Corp. Astron. 42 § 3 .

A canonical hour : nachar léices trátha ná huaire riam ann a chéile ón ló ro gabas grada form `never have I suffered the canonical hours to run (unobserved) the one into the other' SG 41.12 .

With qual. adj.: ú.¤ chanónta a canonical hour : ag so an modh adeir an Eaglais na huaire canónta, Corp. Astron. 14 § 9 . ú.¤ riachtanasach a necessary occasion 184 § 7 . ú.¤ ṡaothramail an hour of the working day (cf. Mid. Ir. lá saerda): do-ghní Eoin san 11 c. iomrádh ar na huairibh saotharamhla so, nuair adubhairt `erat quasi hora sexta' (Jo. xix 14 ), Corp. Astron. 14 § 9 . ú.¤ thoileamhail an optional occasion 184 § 7 . ú.¤ chorradh an hour over 148 § 14 .

(b) a time or occasion; point of time: robbí uár recar less dígbail ind ḟolaid `there may be a time when it is necessary to diminish the substance,' Sg. 45b1 . cid do úair `though it be for a season,' Wb. 16b5 . fó hūair congaib Macc caille | caille ōs chinn sanctBrigte, `in a lucky hour', Thes. ii 329.2 . fós húar mad mé foglésed, Ériu ii 63 § 1 . ro-chomfhoicsigestar in uair, PH 3070 . do dhruid a núair rinn, Matt xxvi 45 . cuimnig in uair na raibe árach agut fén ort, PH 7391 . do-chonnarc uair, nár bh'uathadh dhíbh-se, Keat. Poems 1475 . olc sén uare `evil was the luck of the hour,' PRIA xxx C ix 267 ( LL 275b16 ); see 1 sén. biaidh uair ... | 's budh onáir libh uaigh d'fhagháil `the time will come when,' Dán Dé vii 31 . ro boí úar damsa di sudiu my time for that is over , BDD 162 . mōr n-uair often Rosa Angl. 26.13 . gach linmairecht d'uairip aderthor aiffrenn as often as Fl. Earls 210.19 . With 1 gar (q.v.): bid gar úar ani sin that will not last long LU 3344 ( SCC 13 ). bid gar uar dosom ón `short will his time be' BDD 144 .

A point of time, occasion, in various phrases, the fit, proper time (for doing something): bídh u.¤ ag an impidhe, `there is always some best moment for a request' PBocht 14.38 . dénam áenta ... do ba ú.¤ máelta dar múid, IGT, Decl. ex. 679 . uch, do bud u.¤ a denma | gen cor smuain guth Gaillberla, Irish Texts ii 14.27 . ní hú.¤ dénmha dethbire | do sdúaigh É. in t-athbhuile, IGT, Decl. ex. 3 . ní hú.¤ mheisnighe, ex. 571 . nach ú.¤ aithrighthi aignidh, ex. 898 . Cf. mé ag anmhain ré huair, PBocht 5.49 . With do of pers.: do bhréagnaghadh ní hu.¤ d'ḟior, Ir. Monthly 1919, 284.8 ( DDána p. 229 ).

With defining gen. of occurrence, etc.: ra síacht Fer D. u.¤ baeguil ... far CoinC., TBC-LL¹ 3829 . co hu.¤ m'éca, PH 3821 . ú.¤ éitsechta indí nóebP., Trip.² 3081 . ro foillsiccedh do B. u.¤ eitsechta an crossain, BNnÉ 53 § 50 . in hú.¤ [ḟ]escuir, Trip.² 1420 . co hú.¤ fessa `till the hour for sleep,' Metr. Dinds. iv 2.3 . gi bé adearair u.¤ óla, TD 10.17 .

óenúaire is used in the sense of

adj (a) passing, momentary, transitory : aisling énuaire a passing dream , Mac Aingil 230 . Esp. in: fer, duine (pl. lucht) óenúaire a passing guest, sojourner, accidental visitor : súil ré fear éanuaire d'ḟaigsin | sreabh féaruaine taisgidh tú `a passing guest' TD 29.25 . taisgthear ... mar ní iongnadh | re haghaidh ḟir éanuaire 16.25 . cia san ghurt ... | nách lucht aonuaire d'Éirinn `visitors' 17.18 . do chuir daoine chugam féin go minic pecadh do cheiliodar ara sagartuibh porráisti, do bhrígh go rabhas um dhuine enuaire, ┐ nách roibhi súil aca mh'faicsin go bráth arís, Mac Aingil 246 . ní buidheach fear aonuaire | a nGort Innse G. riamh, Tribes of Irel. 40.7 .

adv (b) at once, sudden : oenmac mná ... | ba marb do bidc oenúaire ( 4 Reg. iv 20 ) SR 7170 . an tan tainig saighead ghealáin do nimh chuige go bhfuair bás obann, aonuaire dhe, Hy Fiach. 20.15 . atreset ... a bás la brafad n-oenúaire, LU 2519 . tinaid ┐ erchranaid fri prapud n-oenuaire (ad instar puncti) PH 6062 .

ed úaire

n (a) an hour's duration : feadh éanuaire an lásoin linn `as one hour in length did that day seem to us' TD 11.23

.

adv (b) more loosely, for a time, transitorily : in cu tic chucum fri head nuaire `on a passing visit' SG 57.2 . ní mhair maoin acht eadh uaire; | buaine a sheal daoibh ar ndáinne, L. Cl. A. B. 215.15.

Somet. úair is used to intensify a neg.: óclach d'E. ... cen ú.¤ n-omain, Metr. Dinds. iv 108.18 . trí maic ... Echach cen ú.¤ formait, 108.15 . ni thánic ú.¤ n-ómain no ecla dó riam, LL 20a24 . níor ghnáth leatsa ... imneadh aonuaire ar th'aigneadh, Ir. Monthly 1920, 541.19 ( DDána p. 208 ).

With various prepp.: is indí rombú foraithmitech side a taircitil beus cosin nuair rondchomallastar `till the time that He had fulfilled it,' Ml. 122d7 . cosin n-uair atbath Iosiaph, SR 3692 . cosin n-úair no ḟoad la C., IT i 71.10 . huand uair nundabertatar filistíndi (MS filistindai), ɔtanaic á frithissi, Ml. 82d9 . huand uair thall Noe a cheill de, SR 2557 . ond uair atbath Noe nar, 2681 . ond uáir thanic a amser, 4972 . ónd úair iarom oslaices hÉli in lebor, FA 33 . ond úair ro scáich dóib fíadach in t-slébe, IT i 74.1 . o'n uair tanic P. ... is-in cathraig, PH 1962 . o'nd uair ro-bam nóide, ar Iob, bam trócar ... fri bochtaib, 6105 . ón uair do gabus arm ar thús am láim, Comp. CC 95.23 . ón uair fár hiarradh thusa, TD 33.18 cf. 3.48 .

II Adverbial uses,

(a) without prep.; úair once, sometime in the past, formerly : ro bá u.¤ co haillemail `once I was joyful,' RC vi 186.8 (of poem). sometime, at sometime (fut.) : Oilech uasal fordergfa | u.¤ for Emain echtraife, LL 386b36 . occasionally, at times: ┐ ú.¤ ann aibidhit na ranna neimhe sin tortha, RC xxiv 379.1 .

uair ... uair now ... now; at one time ... at another time; sometimes, cf. Lat. modo ... modo: tobur Iacóp athriges dath ... u.¤ derg, u.¤ glas, u.¤ búaiderta ┐ u.¤ ele tiugh, Maund. 103 . da beidis na plaineid u.¤ budh luaithi u.¤ budh maille iat na ceili ┐ u.¤ ele na comnaighi, IT xiv 8.3 . da beidis tortha ... u.¤ and ar techt ┐ u.¤ ele gan enraed da techt dibh, 8.7 .

uair éicin sometime, once on a time (see éicin): ní mór dhíobh ... nách oide ... nó comhalta u.¤ éigin `sometime,' TD 2.20 . bheith fá chádhas ... mar do bhádhas u.¤ éigin, L. Cl. A. B., 69.108 . a fhios do thabhairt dó nach do réir oghuim do shíor chuirthear comhardadh, gé chuirthear ú.¤ éigin é, IGT, Introd. § 3 .

uair aile on another occasion, once : grian m'inntleachta ú.¤ oile `once' (metaph. of a friend), Studies 1918, 452 . Dia u.¤ oile | do chuaidh ó Mhoire ar mearughadh, PBocht 6.25 . mairg duit nar ḟéach u.¤ eile | ... sul gcuirtheá i gcás do chuntas, A. Ó Dálaigh xl 5 . fíor gur threabhsad u.¤ oile | ... na críocha soin, Content. xviii 60 . Cf. TD. 2.22 .

uair a time, any time, occasion; used after neg. with an intensive force : ní rabhadar riamh roimhe ... u.¤ budh neartmhoire iná anois, TD 26.28 . táinic L. roime do gabáil na hechraide ┐ nochan dechaidhsin riam u.¤ ba leisci leis dul dá ngabáil ná sin, Comp. CC 92.5 .

d p. huaraib=horis, interdum, sometimes : ní biat remsuidigthi friu huaraib, `sometimes there are no prepositions with them,' Sg. 215a5 . biit remsuidigthi huaraib cen briathra leo, ib. 6 . gnáth huaraib ar gressaib gal | glenaid luch inna línsam, Thes. ii 293.20 (Thurneysen reads this as a compd.: gnáth-uaraib, ZCP xi 308 ).

With cach, cech: cach uair is smacht whenever it is a case of `smacht' O'D. 1614 ( H 5.15, 13 ). gach úair da dtéighinn 'na theach, every time, whenever , L. Cl. A. B. 187.9 . gach u.¤ ro smuainedh si for na dubhailcibh, Études Celt. i 85.18 . gach u.¤ mhothócham guasacht, Ó Héodhusa 81y . gach u.¤ is féidir, Corp. Astron. 192 § 10 . gach u.¤ eile `at all other times,' TD 1.27 .

Cf. guidem frisin morchoimdid | in cech huair ar comráda ar soerad, SR 8310 . in cech huair formbia far ndail, 3511 .

In g s.: co mbered molt cech uare uadi do chairchaib mná D. `every time,' Thes. ii 336.43 . is sain dath ┐ écosc cacha húari tadbat fair, BDD 99 . is suairc immar glecait-siumh | tuile is aithbe co n-uaire, | imaseach do eccmaitt-siumh | sis is inís cech n-uaire, Anecd. ii 23 § 3 (of poem 3) . go dtí dhíot ar n-aithnighe | gach n-uaire d'éis ar dtuitme, Studies 1931, 437.14 . nó aní an ferg do-gríos a grúaidhe | no in derg bhíos gach n-úaire é ?, KMMisc. 172 § 21 .

Cf. armád cacha huaire dib bad marb ina maighin, Thr. Ir. Gl. 43 s.v. tamhlachta= cach ar ūair, Corm. Y 1233 . cach ar núair, LL 179b14 .

In phr. cach re, gach re (O.Ir. cech la) nuair alternately : gach ré núair, re sealuidheacht `by courses,' Kirk ( Eg. Gl. 363 ). cach rá n-úair trágid in pían díb, in n-úair aile tic thairsiu, LU 2166 ( FA 24 ). gach re n-úair ar clíathaibh cáoirt[h]inn | tíachair do bhúain t'aínp[h]ill orm, IGT, Decl. ex. 407 .

With art. and demons. so, etc., sin equival. to adv. of time: indorsa ` now ,' Wb. 12c35 , 14d28 . cia an uairsi éisdeas re ar gcor? | léirsgrios na huaisle an t-adhbhor, L. Cl. A. B. 121.31 . gearr uaimsi ar saoghal mur soin; | baoghal an uairsi ar n-anmoin, 134.36 . malairt tar an uairsin ann | ag uaislibh raghuirt F., 170.131 . an uairsin is é tarla | fan gcuing ríogh gan ḟreasabhra, TD 8.3 .

in úair chóir in due time: smuain ar aithmhéala an u.¤ chóir, A. Ó Dálaigh xlii 6 .

in ath-úair again : tar éis teachta dí an ath-uair (sc. the moon), Corp. Astron. 10 § 6 . 'gá chrochadh innte an athuair, `thereafter,' Dán Dé xx 22 .

cía (cá) húair when ? (adv. interrog.): gá hu.¤ ṡaoile do ṡaoradh ?, TD 1. 28 . mar nach feas do stiúrthóir na luinge ... cá hu.¤ nó cá tráth theilgthear ... ar tráigh í, TSh. 734 . uch ! mo nuar ! cá hu.¤ do-chífead | 'san riocht chéadna an glé-bhrugh ... ?, Keat. Poems 1561 . má fhiafraighionn tú ca hu.¤ do gheibhdis an caileach ..., Rule of Tallaght § 5 .

gibé úair whenever : gibé ú.¤ aigeórthur air, L. Cl. A. B. 159.173 . gidh bé uáir fhásaid síad te, tiaghuid as, Job vi 17 .

once, twice , etc.: fa gnath aca cet[h]ar-leabhar an tshoisgeil do leughadh ... uair san mbliadhain, Rule of Tallaght 89b . u.¤ nó dhó, TD 40.23 . u.¤ nó dhó sa sechtmain once or twice a week , O'Gr. Cat. 271 x . fuasgluim é dhá u.¤ nó 'trí, TD 22.11 . an duine ba ghile ... trí huaire `the fairest thrice over,' O'Rah. iv 27 . deich núaire, Gen. xxxi 7 . morán duairibh ... tri huaire, ITS xvi 24 § 18 =tribus uicibus. naoi n-uaire, CF 376 Eg.

With the ordinals: nó an tú do mheall meise féin | an chéaduair, a chruth soiléir `before' TD 40.18 . connradh na gColla an chéaduair `the ancient contract of the Collas,' 24.41 . a cheud uair, ni briathra De iad ... in the first place , Luc. Fid. 350.11 (see also under (b) below). an dara (O.Ir. indala) huair again , Ir. Monthly 1921, 373 § 9 . Cf. Dán Dé xx 40 . do imthigh sé an dara húair, Matthew xxvi 42 . In the phr. in dara (O.Ir. indala) huair ... ind uair aile at one time ... at another : Ri dosrat ... | in dara hu.¤ ¤, blaith iar mblai, | ind u.¤ aile ainbthechae, SR 95 - 6 (sc. the winds). Rí rorádi co dána | fri Moíse taidbsiu a lama, | i[n] dara hu.¤ ¤ dí ba clam, | ind u.¤ aile ba gléglan, 3819 - 20 . an treas u.¤ `a third time,' TD 40.23 .

a (h)úair literally suā horā, vicissim=in turn : cech fochaid a hú.¤ `each tribulation in turn,' Ml. 39c31 . conna facaib cech rainn á hu.¤ cen mes, 114b16 . for cech lín a hú.¤ , 115a14 . cáich a uuair `every man's in turn,' Thes. ii 235.16 . is caich a hu.¤ an aros so, ZCP viii 312.3 . ō'trīmed cach cōicer a ū.¤ , Corm. Y 1084 . intan adrímed F. hua B. cech coiciur a hu.¤ de sluag L. maic N., Corm. Bodl. p. 38 (rincne). di cech lín ronalt a hú.¤ , Hail Brigit § 15 . a Brigit 'sa tír atchīu, | is cách a ú.¤ immudrá (MS immudrí) `on which each one in turn has moved about,' § 25 . ní ar amlessaib in tslúaig | tíagu cech fordul a hú.¤ , LU 4721 . namberad iarum cách a hu.¤ dena maccleirchib dochum a tige leo, Ériu ii 222.24 . Cf. ar (h)u.¤ , ar n-u.¤ below.

For úa[i]re, óre when, since, because see under III below.

(b) with prep. : ar ú.¤ , (i)ar n-ú.¤ in turn: rodastroeth cech n-olc ar huair, SR 6553 . in rath deis cach rīg ar huair, Rawl. 122b53 (= dar éis chaich iar nu.¤ , LL 314b29 , Bruchst. § 132 ). iar cach n-áraim díb ar uair, SR 6825 . cāch ar ūair dīb, Corm. Y 1233 . im brāigid cach fir ar u.¤ dib, Ériu i 120 § 13 . as cech thír ar u.¤ , viii 70.94 . nombered iarum cách ar uair dina maccleirchib dochum a tigid leo, Mon. Tall. 155.6 . do bretha cách ar úair chuci, LU 10451 . is bith cáich ar úair immáredi siu, 9305 . is bith caich ar uair an bith so `this world is the world of everyone in turn,' AFM v 1804.2 . Cf. étarbae n-inderb n-indless etir cach ar uair, ar cach die in bithsa, ZCP xi 85 § 37 . no leicedh cech mell ar uair dibh uada, RC v 204 § 27 . luidhis ... gach leath ar u.¤ , Anecd. i 55 § 42 . dath fola cach ḟir ar úair, Metr. Dinds. iii 328.51 . a cend fo choim caich ar u.¤ , LL 273a20 . ac airim cach coicir ar n-ūair, Corm. Y 1084 . millfider ar n-aonta ar n-ūair, ZCP vii 302 § 3 . slemoin fri garǔ caich ar n-úair, 268 § 2 . iul ar Albain do fuairsem | ar nuair a hardaib Eirenn, O'Gr. Cat. 370.16 . do-chuaidh uile d'éug ar n-úair, KMMisc. 362 § 4 . Cf. 274 § 67 . ar nuair, LB 128a31 . 131b36 . ZCP x 415.17 . IGT, Decl. ex. 124 . TD 13.26 . Ir. Monthly 1928, 264.11 . Content. xxviii § 16 , § 19 , 47 . Dán Dé vii 2 .

iar n-ú.¤ later on : níor smuain réalta ṡluaigh ṡligigh | budh déanta iar n-uair d'ḟaoisidin `afterwards', TD 17.60 . bíaidh íar n-uair, ... | rí dhíbh féine ar chloinn na gColla `in due course,' SGS iv 142.19 . go smuainim iar n-uair Muire ar tonnaibh an taobhochta, Studies 1932, 433.5 . Cf. O'Gr. Cat. 370 , cited above.

ar u.¤ at a (the) time (hour) of: Art mac Aodha ar uair áigh | ba leis críoch Uladh d'urláimh, L. Cl. A. B. 37.11 . is ar uair mishein ro tusmedh thú `in an unblessed hour,' Études Celt. i 79.28 . air uair a bháis, Donlevy 38 . dá neamh-chaomhna ar uair éigin, Ir. Monthly 1921, 329.26 ( DDána p. 304 ). Cf. i n-uair, below.

Co húair : loc damsa ón ... co hu.¤ chéin, ZCP viii 312.1 .

In fo chētōir `sub primā horā,' statim: fo chetóir ` at once ,' Ml. 76a11 ; 93c10 ; 106c12 . fochetoir, 31d10 ; 32a10 ; 32d6 ; 42c24 ; 53a8 ; 96c10 ; 97d17 . fuchetoir, 90d12 ; 107c8 . focetoir, 24b17 . a fhaisitiu amal doragbaither focetoir, Rule of Tallaght § 16 . ni fochetóir (MS nipo hetóir), Wb. 4c35 . Cf. i gcéadóir: Saorghus mhac Béic ... | ríoghthar le cách i gcéadóir, ` forthwith ' TD 32.40 . beir mo bheannacht agceudóir (: Móir) | go ceann toighe na T., L. Cl. A. B. 124.2 . díobh i gcéadóir cion na drúise, Dán Dé xxxi 34 .

i n-uair at a time, on an occasion : i n-u.¤ annuimh, Studies 1928, 451.13 . is fearr ... í iná i n-u.¤ eile `than at any other time,' Corp. Astron. 52 § 9 . in gach u.¤ bhus aonach `at all times when men assemble,' Ir. Monthly 1921, 289.11 ( DDána p. 326 ). With gen. often equivalent to a temporal clause at the time of, when : gabh a lé i n-u.¤ airce, L. Cl. A. B., 281.59 . mar réaltana i n-u.¤ oighridh `in time of frost,' TD 20.58 . i n-u.¤ altroim fhíoroinigh, L. Cl. A. B. 27z . i n-u.¤ a gcabhra i gcliathaibh, `when they are rallied in ranks of battle,' TD 10.6 . a n-ú.¤ dheaghla dhi `when she separates,' Studies 1918, 453.13 . i n-u.¤ éidtréine d'iomchar `in his hour of wretchedness,' TD 32.81 . mo dhíon i n-u.¤ mh'éigeantais, 15.40 . i n-u.¤ an fheicheamhnuis, L. Cl. A. B. 162.12 . i n-ú.¤ fhedhma, 261.95 . Ir. Monthly 1921, 329.23 ( DDána p. 304 ). i n-u.¤ leathranna an leinibh, TD 2.44 . i n-u.¤ obtha dh'ealadhuin, 31.10 . a n-ú.¤ ḟulachtaidh bfear bhFáil, IGT, Decl. ex. 1580 .

With def. article: san uair shólásda, L. Cl. A. B. 164.54 . a n-dorarṅgered o chéin | ... | ... | isindúairsi doroacht, at this time, now , SR 6364 .

isind óenúair , i n-óenúair at the same time, immediately : atcomlasom híc lasnahí dofuircifea bráth i mbethu et bebté et asséirset isind óinúair `in the same hour,' Wb. 25b16 . dorigni dé min is lúaith, | rochlaemchlai gne 'sind oenúair, SR 5412 . rodashicc isind oenhuair, 7636 . ro-híctha uli i n-oenuair ind-sin, PH 1594 . is e tra ro-hidpair míle edpairt do'n choimdid in-oen uair for altóir Dé, 3957 . ní gheibthea ór a rann uaid | acht an anam i naonuair `upon the very instant,' O'Gr. Cat. 578.31 . nocha i n-énuair amlaid sain | do chuir Dia i ndiaid in phecaid | imad cráidh ..., 467.13 . tabhruidh ní dhamhsa ar mo dhúain | a rí ┐ almsa a n-énúair, IGT, Decl. ex. 117 , Studies 1924, 570 . na trí tonna san taoibh thúaidh | guilid fa Art i n-eunúair, L. Cl. A. B. 263.154 . With cech: in met fordiṅgtis int sluaig | forbartais in cach oenhuair, SR 3680 .

frí húair at the hour (time) of: Ri dorat na deich plaga | forthu fri hu.¤ combaga, SR 3942 . fri hu.¤ mbáge, 5115 . cia leith focheird a chainchuaird, | tan nadbi fri huáir i fos | frithalmi in tsluaig i Pardos ?, 1199 . sacrafic do tabirt dond aos bís i llobrae fri huar mhbáis, Mon. Tall. § 56 . fri huair fergi, FDG 701 .

fri óenúair at the same time . cf. i noenuair , supra: rosdelb fri oenuair dia réir, SR 7864 . co tarmart tairbert int slúaig | fo thuinn talman fri oenhúair, 4124 . dia rohort ... fri óenhuair ... noi fichit mili ..., 7234 . ri rosaer ... na Ninuiandai fri oenhuair, 7386 . Cf. re héan-uair, Dán Dé xxxi 11 .

for oenuair at the same time : Ri dorimmart, ..., | i n-airc Noe f[o]r oenhuáir, | di neoch rothecht muir istir, | lanamain cach (leg. cacha) oenmil, SR 2502 .

d[i]úair sometimes : agus duair (v.l. uair) ann ceangailter na huisceadha millsi, ITS xiv 42.26 .

ar uairib at times : Rule of Tallaght § 7 ; § 15 . sliocht Ír bhós do bhídís sin | ós cionn Éireann ar uairibh, Content. xxx 9 . olc chuimhnighid ... a ró dísle ag díon gach ḟir do ṡíol an I. ar uairibh, ib. 2 . eidir ṡaorchlannaibh ṡíol Néill | do bhínn ar uairibh ainnséin `alternately,' TD 28.21 . ag roinn aoinleptha ar uairibh, L. Cl. A. B. 157.112 . ar úairip áirighthe `on particular occasions,' Fl. Earls 182.17 . sealuidheacht flaithis, eadhon, gach re mbliadha[i]n ag gach aon díobh ar uainibh (v.l. uairibh), Keat. i 222 .

d[i]uairib sometimes, at times : an uair thuiles an sruth sin doní mórán uilc dúairib ann, Maund. 188 .

i n-uairib aliquando, at times : ailiquando (.i. i nuairibh), IT iii 9 n. 6 . ni hi nuairib sercc De aice acht dogres `her love for God was not at times but always,' Thes. ii 332.23 (gl. on ūarach).

iar n-úaraib at times: ni bu iar núaraib nobíd ┐ tan œle nadbid serc Dé occi, Thes. ii 332.21 .

For: ónd ú.¤ , see above, I (b), end.

III úar, úair, óir; also úaire, óre (g s.) as subord. conj. introducing a causal clause= for, because, since (see Hertz ZCP xviii 121 ff. ; xix 240 ff. ) : huair dorochair Caïn ann | i ṅglinn Iosophath imgann, | ata fo choibchi chaire | cen toirthi, cen tarbaige, SR 2005 . huair dochuatar dar mo smacht | ... | dar dreich ṅdomuin, ... | dolecub tonngur ṅdilenn, 2425 . huair dorat in séire sáim | dia athair ... | ar huamun a bráthar dia brath | ni fitir cid dogenad, 2921 . Cf. 1353 , 1754 . Folld. by copula : ail dam ní d'athchomarc huait, | ... | uair is glandil dochial chain, 1207 . ni ragsa dó, ..., | huair im siniu hi tuistigud, 1848 . Caïn ibas dig dia fuil, | uair is mac diles Diabuil, 1964 . Cf. 4620 , 4816 . úar ní for fírduine rolaset a ngona, Thes. ii 343.43 . génait ┐ ní génaiter, úair is a síd dóib, BDD 84 (for further exx. see Wi. and PH Gl. ). nocotbia airmitiu glan, | úar na tabrai reir d'Adam, SR 848 . rogabussa huad innsain | ubull cosin ḟrithorgain, | huair ná fetar cia rét olcc | co facca mo bith lomnocht, 1335 . do chin huair nachatamar, | dogénat do clanna iar tain | dogres a cin d'imresain, 1406 . uair ná dernsam cuibdi ṅglé ... ronfáid ... cen buaid in-dochum n-Iffirn, 1853 . Cf. 1243 , 1579 , 2109 , 2597 , 3037 , 3190 .

In g s. hóre húa(i)re with same meaning as above; usually, but not always, followed by nasal. rel. (see Hertz, l.c.): hore is na naicci atái, Wb. 5b27 . hore is cuci rigmi, is ferr dún placere illi, 15c23 . hore am essaminse precepte as mo chuimriug is lia de creitfess, 23b7 . hóre ammi maicc lai et soilse na seichem na hí siu, 25c6 . is airi am cimbidse hore nopridchim in rúin sin, 27c22 . huare rombu imaircide do persin Moysi, Ml. 2b6 . huare nad robae ní do degnímaib leu, 15d9 . huare is hi tilchaib ardaib. nobitis adi, 14a9 . huare is hó athir arroét macc cumachtae, 17c7 . Cf. 18d18 . 20 . 23b7 . 10 . 24d9 . 25c5 . 29d5 . 35b19 . 21 . 55d11 . 13 . 19 . 56b15 . 50d7 . 59c10 . 74c20 . 91a21 . 93d14 . 21c3 , etc. Sg. 159a3 . huair, Wb. 2a18 . 19 . Cf. BDD (Y) 67 ; 70 ; 94 ; 108 ; 147 .

With def. art. as subord. conj. introducing a temporal clause: ind uair do-bert isa tech 'when she brought [it] into the house', Bethu Brigte 12 § 32 . ind úair theigtis as cech crích | sluaig secht nime 'mon ardríg, | cach anmanna corptha cain | doticed dochum n-Adaim, SR 1113 . ind uair dodechaid, ..., | ri croda clann n-Israhél, | ann dothaet Dauid, ..., | immach for sét co Saúl, 5961 . doig ... leis co mba duine, in uair dochuaid i n-Egipt for teiched fria nIruath, PH 4788 . in uair doberair luige, ce raib se i n-a fhír, 7324 . Cf. 7426 , 7431 , 7553 , 7570 , 7654 , 7663 , 7682 , 7724 , 7774 . in ūair tirmaiges sī 'sa geimriod, Corm. Y 242 . Without art.: uair iadhaid i n-uirthimcheall a n-ard-fhlatha, Ir. Monthly 1929, 333.38 ( DDána p. 382 ). folld. by copula and superl.: biaidh oirchill re haghaidh cháigh, | an uair is usa a bhfagháil `when easiest to obtain,' TD 31.18 . mairg an uair as calma an cneas | nach smuain leas an anma as, Dán Dé xxix 9 . roinn ar uainibh uair an lá | dá uairibh an uair as liú, an adhaigh an uair as mhó | raghaidh don ló uainn a fhiú, ix 27 . folld. by fa (imm): ro áil fort teithedh léd mac san Eighipt d'uaman Eróidis in uair fár ordaigh sé in macraid do marbad, Études Celt. i 83.24 . Somet. seems= if : robatar ica imrad ca ṡocra bad comaith doibseon fri a nanmain in nuair da rachtais i cend catha fri D. `should they take the lead in battle against the D.', Cog. 128.20 .

6 úr

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 6 úr or dil.ie/43214

 

n (ur ?) fleshiness, fatness : may be subst. usage of 2 úr: mucc co nur (.i. co meithe uirre a n-áimsir a marbtha, no cua na nur) `a pig with fatness,' Laws i 122.10 ( 126.21 ). muca co nuir isunn, 170.8 Comm. oppd. to: in tan nachit metha, ib. 9 . Cf. however: do chairech .i. cen li no cen iuir, ib. 10 . mása comaith gabus a huir anosa in muc i [?] cus trasta, O'D. 1660 (< H 5.15 23a ) (`if it fattens equally well' Pl. MS Notes).