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clochda

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clochda or dil.ie/9558

adj io, iā (cloch) made of stone, stony : altóir clochtha (altare lapideum), Trip.² 1042 (clochta, v.l.). do slebhtibh c.¤ cenn-gharbha, Leb. Gab.(i) 116.17 . snechta cruaid clocda coimsiltec, BB 240a48 . na delba c.¤ ┐ umai, PH 1732 . isna taiblib c.¤ i sleb Sína, 6637 . ag dluthubadh na comlad n-adbal n-umaidi ré doirrsib clochta comdaingne na cathrach, TTebe 4103 (clochdha, v.l.). eclais clochdha, Lism. L. 3790 .

Fig. as c.¤, ní coindercel, cridhe miadhach mac duine, AFM i 524.x . an croidhe clochdha (cor lapideum), TSh. 10502 .

? coinle

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? coinle or dil.ie/10355

n ar cul na comlad .i. glas no c.¤ ` bolt(?)', Laws v 196.17 Comm.

cúl

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cúl or dil.ie/13749
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: chúiledh, caúlæ, caula, culad

n o, m. g p. chúiledh, Bard. P. 40.24 . for caúlæ , Mon. Tall. 151.17 . for caula , Ann. Conn. 1235.8 . ar culad , MR 264.z .

(a) back, rear; back of head, neck: cūl a collo , O'Mulc. 255 . o bun irlai co clais a chuil, LL 12968 . it é comlebra for c.¤ ┐ étan, BDD² 747 . tria ch.¤ a cind, TBC-LL¹ 1267 v.l. da nimpōind m'aiged i lleth atā mo chūl, TBC-I¹ 2580 . c.¤ a cinn `back of his head', Stair Erc. 587 . do iompoigh sé a ch.¤ d'imtheacht ó Sh., 1 Sam. x 9 . Also side, edge (?): ata cloch againne danad ainm iris ┐ .u. cula bis uirre, Celtica ii 125.147 . Of head of hair, hair on back of the neck: punnann chúil bhuidhe bhachlaigh, IGT Decl. ex. 583 . fine Chais na ccul ndruimneach, Manners and Customs iii 273 1. 20 of note. c.¤ mar ómra, Keat. Poems 197 . tighearna M. an chúil bhuidhe, O'Rah. 220.2 . In metonymy (pars pro toto): a ch.¤ na ród `o wavy-tressed Lord', Aithd. D. 70.21 . a fhir ṡochair ┐ a chul urbhaidhi, RC xliii 62.7 . Note also: céad cathbarr . . . / go g-c.¤ trom crest, ML 146.17 .

Appar. protection, keeping (if same word) in: indae do indell i cul [.i.] i comet . . . .i. aindil atai a cul a comet, Laws i 36.y—z . doberind culu (.i. comet) ar gart Find, LL 29424 (B. na filed). cul .i. coimed, Stowe Gl. 275 . cul coimhéd, Metr. Gl. Ff. 30 , 50 . D 45 . cul .i. comairce, O'Curry 2068 ( H 4.22, 67 ). mascul .i. mas fer, ┐ cul, comet, Auraic. 604 . ? C. ó nGuaire ní c.¤ creach, Magauran 173 (see n.).

Attrib. g s. annsin nincind chúil `in the posterior brain', O'Gr. Cat. 181.33 . a inchinn chúil, MR 282.6 . do thuit a cloch cúil d'Eirinn ` buttress-rock ', O'Gr. Cat. 400.3 . a gcloch chúil an gcéin do mhair, DDána 110.1 . a chré chúil supporting bank (of Mary), Aithd. D. 54.2 . an ccéibh ngobhlánuigh ccais ccúil, IGT Introd. § 81 .

In n. pr. Fotharta Fer Cūl, ZCP viii 301.23 .

(b) In phrases: c.¤ fri act of turning one's back on, renouncing; desisting from: c.¤ risin mbith, IGT Decl. ex. 617 . menma re cill / cūl re tuaith, ACL iii 306 § 9 . ní leam c.¤ red chíos-sa `I cannot rid me of my debt', Dán Dé xii 10 . In pn sobriquet C.¤ fri Héirinn (of Colm Cille), ZCP v 497 § 6 . Cf. isam [trú] gan ch.¤ re crudh `with no wealth to rely on (?)', Aithd. D. 62.6 . With vbs.: a ch.¤ do chur re peacadh to renounce sin, DDána 7.8 . iomdha bean . . . / . . . bhíos ag cor a gcúil re chéile, LBranach 5640 . cul do thochar friar naimdibh, Hugh Roe² 46.1 . dorat cul fri clotha who scorned fame (?), BB 299a24 . tuc cūl don loch, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1208 . cul do thabhairt don eagluis Romhanaigh, Luc. Fid. 2855 . ar dtabhairt cúil diath Fhionntoin, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 8 § 2 . ni thuccus c.¤ don oineach, BNnÉ 286.25 .

Very freq. with prec. FOR, IAR etc. as adv. phr. (for cúl, cúlu etc. back, backwards ) and as prep. phr. at the back of, behind ). As adv. phr. forcul gl. retro, Ml. 34b15 . techt forculu, 129d3 . dluthad . . . forculu, 50d6 . forculu gl. in terga, 26c8 . airimhthear in geinelach for culu, BB 35a34 . tíagait for cúlu, BDD² 471 . luid insruth forc.¤ , SR 7147 . conda tuc C. . . . for cúlu, Fing. R. 151 . leabhor do clōdh forcula ó theangaidh na T. to translate, Marco P. 1 . nó gur chuir M. ar cúla in céadfuidh sin refuted, Caithr. Thoirdh. 74.25 . A. Ó C. do chur ar cc.¤ `was removed' (of bishop), ALC ii 458.21 . tuile do char ar gcúlaibh, Aithd. D. 88.12 . Note also: a séan catha ar gcúl do-chóidh 'her success in battle vanished', Celtica xxvi 104 § 43 . dol ar cc.¤ ón sttaidd so = depart from, RSClára 17b . coibnes na liachtanu-su for cúla previous, PH 2986 . cēim ar cūlaib a step backwards, ML² 1380 . céim ar cc.¤ , 1462 . fosernd clothrī Connacht īer cūl places himself behind, ZCP viii 108.7 . gan lámh ar gc.¤ uile againn support, Dán Dé xix 18 . an corp . . . / . . . ar gc.¤ do bhaoi beo `came back to life', PBocht 5.39 . geilfini iar culaib .i. brathair thathar, ┐ mac co cuicer beos, Laws ii 162.1 Comm. rachad ar cc.¤ ┐ ar ccúla ┐ ar ccúlaibh .c. uile, Bard. Synt. Tr. 219.16 . dlegur ar tus a glanadh mailli re neithib inglanas ┐ cuiris an tinnes ar cul, Irish Texts v 32.6 .

As prep. phrase: docoid in grian fora culu gl. solis . . . regressio, Ml. 43d27 . ind raibi athcomare lat iar do ch.¤? `didst thou ask permission of those whom thou didst leave?' Mon. Tall. 135.x . in son file iarcul indi as sanctis `behind', Ml. 37a18 . fuchertat alaim iárna c.¤ gl. auertunt a gremis ad dorsum manum, 93a25 . iarnach. `behind it', Sg. 148b9 . bariagolda anainmmsin arach.¤ , 31b21 (see n.). diatechta briathra in go arac.¤ `if they have verbs in `-go' behind them,' 112b3 . ambís iarna chúul dindséit gl. quae quidem retro sunt, Wb. 24a17 . itá nách cumachta fora cul na n-én sa those birds have some occult power, LU 3276 ( SCC 7 ). læch . . . is dech robói ar c.¤ scéith ┐ claidib ┐ gai, TFerbe 386 . iar c.¤ na comlad , SR 3208 . ar c.¤ comhóil at a banquet (?), O'Hara 1839 . gabh an cúan ar c.¤ Árann, IGT Decl. ex. 1128 . er cul Peter apstel `on behalf of', Thes. ii 289.18 . is eiside ciado-rat raith iar cul dligid a n-Eire, Laws v 348.2 cited s.v. cul .i. tareis, O'Dav. 480 . cutrumus leth-iarrata . . . ar cul in athur `in aid of', Laws v 200.4 Comm. Hú Néill uile ar c.¤ Coluim `under the protection', Arch. Hib. i 361.3 . moghenar . . . ceall / bias ar cul in meic sin, Lism. L. 1854 . iarna chulaib ┐ ara belaib `behind him and in front of him', Ériu iv 30.6 . bai ica comthuargain ara aghthib ┐ ara culaib `forward and backward', CCath. 3612 . teithid ara cculuibh, BNnÉ 165.18 . dothoguibh Gyi Heront ara cúluib behind him on his horse, ZCP vi 38.34 . go ro chuirseat. . . a mbú . . . i ndroibhélaibh an tíre iar ná ccúlaibh, AFM v 1550.13 .

With DO (DI): co na berad do cul no do taibh `backwards or laterally', Laws iv 292.12 Comm. cet sceinm do cul no do thaeib backwards (of flail), v 158.9 Comm. secht traighi déc do chul no do thaib `behind it', iii 180.10 Comm. is cuma congontis . . . da culaib ┐ da aigid, TTebe 3772 .

Other phrases: dodeochatarside ┐ a c.¤ rempo backwards , LU 118 . tairnid . . . in mbial fora munél ┐ a c.¤ rempi reversed , 9031 ( FB 78 ). Gaoidhil is a gc.¤ re chéile at variance, Aithd. D. 24.13 . na súile i n-aimsir an éaga / . . . do-chím c.¤ ar aghadh iad back to front, DDána 36.8 . tánic C. do le[i]th a chuil co I. from behind, IT ii2 141.x . do chuadar a ndiaigh a ccúil backwards , Gen. ix 23 .

Compds. With nouns: cūlairecht . . . is a suide bīt rīgh ┐ espuic rear assembly, ZCP xii 359.15 . atá cúlaitiri iarna c.¤ , BDD² 605 . culbard ┐ srutbard (in list of dóerbaird), IT iii 5.15 . Ériu xiii 42.11 . bied do cholg culbémend, LU 10362 . fear na cúlchainte backbiter , Párl. na mB. 1762 . la Hīb D. cūlc[h]omét ríg Fer T. rearguard , BColm. 52.30 . cūlchomētaid ┐ dorsaid, Corp. Gen. 94.8 . téid an inghean . . . tré chúldoras back door, Keat. ii 2841 . nicoir átecht fo culḟiacli (of communion particle), Thes. ii 255.18 . cruimh 'na chúilḟíacuil chúasaigh, IGT Decl. ex. 677 . aga culgairm, YBL 152a12 . cúlchaint ┐ cúlghearra, Párl. na mB. 1782 . an cúlghearrthóir `detractor' (Gloss.), 1778 . cuilleabaid chorcoirderg, ZCP x 292.6 . mo chúilleath re croich nDé back , Aithd. D. 62.29 . goro-eidirdelaigh a cenn rea chúilmēidhe neck , ZCP xiv 232.13 . cúlmongae foraib, LU 7086 . noragdais fersde charpait triam chūlmuinēl neck, TBC-I¹ 2580 . culreang dromanna a cathmiled ` spines ', MR 314.25 . inda llatt bá culscian srúb cechtar de, LL 33443 `not double-edged', Contribb. 560 . sí ic cúlṡnámh ┐ ic táebsnám swimming on the back, Acall. 3212 . mo theagasc duit ar eagla na cúilstéille ` back-cut ', Ó Bruad. iii 2.3 .

With adjj.: du ri Dail Cais cuilbuidhe fair-haired , BB 271a29 . in barrann (leg. barrḟinn) cuilcenann (of horse), H 3.18, 85b22 . mic Culclain (n. pr. m.), Laws i 150.16 . Ciar Cúldub, Corp. Gen. 31.23 . flaithius ind ḟir chíchmair chulḟind with fair back hair, LL 1273 . Cormac Cúlḟoda .i. c.¤ foddai fair, Cóir Anm. 113 . C. mic Cormaic culglais, Fen. 126.2 . ón Chúlglaiss Chonaill Chernaig (subst. of spear), Anecd. i 37.3 . le cloinn chúillebair Cholmán, SG 65.46 . loṅgas nacúllom (of the Danes), SR 2378 .

With adjj. formed from nouns: m. Orni Cūlbennaig, ZCP viii 334.11 . an cúlchainteach munabrach, Párl. na mB. 1772 . do phearsanaibh cúlráidhteach, 1483 . a n-aghaidh Guill chúil-sgathaigh, Duan. F. i 13.29 `bushy-headed (?)', Gloss.

See cúil, cúlad, and cúltech.

forcle

Cite this: eDIL s.v. forcle or dil.ie/23453

Forms: foir-, fair-

n (far-, foir-, fair-) m. top-surface; a top, cover, lid (in wide sense): tria tholl fil i ḟarcli na cómlad (of a casket) LB 158a19 . comra ... co ḟarcle(?) ōir furri, 159a60 . crocán ... ┐ faircli criad do cur ar a bél, O'Gr. Cat. 179.14 . faircle comdaingen cloiche roboí ar in fi[d]chill ... ┐ faircli fuithe (of a stone slab), Acall. 7803 . rethid cosin carraic ... cora laí in farcli uachtarach di, LL 222b37 ( TTr. 407 ), of Hercules raiding the cave of Cacus) = a forcli u. don carraig, BB 416b19 . Of the patella or kneecap: faircle for glun, Auraic. 5008 . faircli ┐ esgat a lanomna in gluin, 5035 (= almnae 1854 ). cusna farclib glun (gl. cum genuclis), Gild. Lor. 183 . ḟaircledha a nglun, Dinds. 85 . de dislocatione genu ┐ rotuli .i. labrum anois don glun an tan ted asa inadh no don ḟaircle, YBL 349b30 . madh ē an faircli rachus as a inadh ib. 37 . Cf. foircli fer for foirclibh fer, TBC-LL¹ 5948 St (= forcléithe ... forcleithe LL. forclethi ... forclethi, TBC-I¹ 3550 . See forcléithe). (of Cú Chulainn in his frenzy :) benais béim ... don charput uachtarach fora forcli, LU 6460 = ḟorcli, TBC-LL¹ 2609 (`mit dem oberen Kiefer auf dessen Deckel' Wi.).

Fig.: atá clār talman ... aníss, ┐ atá faircle ... na firmaiminti foraínd anuass, ML² 1376 (= fairchle, ML 102 ).

f.¤ caille a plant name (?) : ba casmail fri forcli cailli nó sian sléibi a gruaidh, IT iii 186.13 = YBL 182a4 . Cf. cosmail ri forcleithi cailli cetemuin, Aen. 1926 (see forcléithe).

ro dhienbhlosgustair an pūdar ... co ttarlaic an faircle firleac [sic leg.] fionnaolta na feineistre ... don naoimhecclais iar n-uachtar shot the lintel (?) ... up above the church (?) (of an explosion in a monastery) Hugh Roe 288.27 (f. 76a) .

mimasc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mimasc or dil.ie/32279

Forms: mibasc, bibasc, m., mimaisc

n o, m., (later ā, f.?), also written mibasc, bibasc (lenited).

(a) part of a spear: manaís bréfech o mimusc co hadairc, LU 5638 = o mimuisc, TBC-I¹ 1159. The `adarc' seems to have been a ferrule or ring of horn round the upper end of the shaft, see Joyce Soc. Hist. i 113 ; the m.¤ may have been a guard-ring below the blade . ? co ndechaid in daiger dibraicthe dar brogad a bibaisci i tulmuing in talman (of a javelin which ultimately lodges in the ground), MR 152.18 . pl. fondaig (.i. carbusa) scailti, nimaisc [leg. mimaisc] derca, calga a cru domblas dond (of results of battle), Anecd. ii 8. miomasc .i. sleagh, O'Cl.

(b) in Laws apparently a fastening or security of some sort; a bolt or staple ? im chinaid do mimaisc [sic MS.] `thy bad place of security', Laws i 184.11 , glossed .i. do comla .i. a mberar for do dorus amach, 188.26 . aithne conae cain mimaisc `a deposit that a good bolt protects', v 196.4 (`ein Depositum das die Regelung des Verschlusses schützt', Thurneysen, ZCP xv 352 § 41 , i.e. a deposit kept in a well-secured place); glossed .i. aithne coimeta ar cul meth dobeir miasc [= mi-ḟasc?] . . . ar cul na comlad .i. glas, ib. 16 ; cf. the parallel passage H 3.18 p. 382b ( O'Curry 837 ): cain immaisc [leg. mimaisc] .i. glaiss .i. in coiméd conidnoi in glas (a staple ?). m.¤ .i. drochfasc . . . bidh doigh coma[d] ainm do trost comla é (i.e. a bolt), O'Dav. 1227 (the first definition is an etym. gloss suggested by the prefix mí-). It is perhaps worth noting that comla `door-valve' is also used of part of a spear, see Contribb. s.v. comla . Cf. also mimasclach.

(c) in prosody, name of a metre: mibhasc, IT iii 12 § 20. desmireacht ar [m]imaísc, 29 § 69 . lethmíbasc, 49 § 89 . m.¤ .i. . . . nath, O'Dav. 1227. Meyer, Meyer Prim. 24.

2 toll

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 toll or dil.ie/41338
Last Revised: 2019

n o, m. hole, hollow: is amlaid robadar ┐ t.¤ tre ceachtarde dib, TTebe 112 . srúama tened i tollaib a gnússe, LU 2187 . tri nae mbeara, tri nae tuill | a hindeoin in Daghdha dhuind, Celt. Rev. x 346 § 5 . indeoin an Dagdai ... .i. tri noai (m-bera) ┐ tri noai tuill indtib, viii 75.3 . da lecthea coibes anala cait de tar t.¤ cuislindi through the orifice of a pipe, YBL 85b43 = dia tarlaicthe athach uachta samlaid for deirc cuislinde, Ériu ii 134 § 113 . i tollaib a suainemh loop , CCath. 2126 . tria th.¤ fil i ḟarcli na cómlad , ZCP xvii 228.y . ro ba criathar toll gar dtearmonn | do thaobh gléigeal, do ghlac shoirbh, Aithd. D. 70.25 . tré ionadh thuill tarathair, DDána 37.9 . cen toghais, cen t.¤ fault, want , O'Curry 64 ( H 3.18, 23a ). ? molt linas cach t.¤ , Laws ii 254.2 . With following gs.: dia rainic int saigead uad a t.¤ arach in rīg the temporal fossa, ZCP xii 376.26 . t.¤ arach, O'Gr. Cat. 269.13. rodechsat for t.¤ na heochrach, Anecd. ii 17.20 . fegait tria th.¤ na comlad keyhole , Lism. L. 1975 . fëgaidh an fer í tria th.¤ na comla, ACL iii 308.y . fin do dail i tollaib a cluas, CCath. 957 . téit in animm cu tollaib na cluas, PH 8156 . dar t.¤ a ṡúla ┐ dar t.¤ a smera, AFM ii 1128.1 .