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1 cám

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cám or dil.ie/8083
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: caam

n (perh. early Germanic borrowing, see Stokes Metr. Gl. 53 ). a log separating contestants in a duel (?), GEIL 305 . Expld. as battle, conflict, encounter : cam .i. comland , Corm. Y 375 . O'Cl. cam gach comhrac, Metr. Gl. D 19 . lignum contensionis quod vocatur caam apud gentiles , Trip. 320.10 . midhach teora cam .i. iar terna ó thrí comracaib, O'Curry 2489 ( Eg. 88, 38(40)d ) = cam .i. r[o]e no comrac, O'Dav. 402 . 564 . Cf. 1206 . crann cam eturru ┐ calcc i laim cechtar hai, CIH iii 922.34 . ?for lar na caeime comruice `the plain of the battlefield', Laws v 310.32 Comm. fer is gnath ac imguin i c.¤ (of cáimper), H 3.18, 66b . Cf. camcomla (? leg. cam comlainn) .i. baile sēnta lasna geinti a comruiced diass, O'Mulc. 286 .

5 cert

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 5 cert or dil.ie/8791

 

n see the translations below. Perh., however, a special use of 1 cert: clerig rom chursetar di / du chirt Fotla fonnairddi, LL 19264 = YBL 173a37 = cléirigh romcuirset fá dhi / do crích Fódla fonnáibhni, SG 70.23 . a c.¤ Condacht na comland , BB 50b51 (`from the centre of', MacCarthy 427 § 4 ). saidbhír na thir mblicht iar mbolcbraen / itchidh na cirt foltchaemh uait, 54a19 (`in his dominion', Stud. Hib. iv 80 ). ? cerdd Cuind (ceart v.l.), RC xx 406.z ( ACC 130 ), where Stokes compares túaiscert, etc. See also 1 cert, Meyer Contribb.

comlann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comlann or dil.ie/11408

 

(com + lán, O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 173 - 4 . Cf. comlán). Also -lonn (: droṅg, SR 2414 ) (infl. of 1 lonn? O'Rahilly). See comlín.

adj I o, ā (equally) full, complete: huare ata comlonna inna digabthacha fria cetnidi evenly-matched (i.e. having same number of syllables), Sg. 48b5 . ar is comlunn in his gl. iuuo, iuui, lauo, laui `equal', 164b1 . bes comland an núallsa (`conflict'), Fél. Ep. 163 `this supplication will be fulfilled' (?), Ériu xiii 173 . ben in cluiccīn for Domnall / nā rup c.¤ a blīadain `that he may die within a year' ( Ériu xiii 173 ), Cáin Ad. 20 .

II As subst. o, [n., Trip.² 1588 ].

(a) Usu. of persons match, opponent; equal force, number: cia no tragad for comlond LU 5209 = ar c.¤ , TBC-I¹ 731 . comthrom cómhluinn, ML 28.13 . c.¤ ris ac Ríg neime / na trī Colmāin `the three Colmans . . . by the help of the King of Heaven can cope with it,' BColm. 102.11 . Of things: a comlond līg lumnech lenn equal number, ZCP xi 109 § 13 . a comlond, O'Mulc. 294 . comlond a áesa one of his own age to match him, LU 4842 . láth . . . raseised co trian . . . comluind C.C. `would equal the third . . . part of C.C.'s warlike deeds', TBC-LL² 726 . mo chómhlann ar mo chómhair confronting my antagonist, ML 100.18 . duni dedenach irrabi comlond cet `who was a match for a hundred' (of Murchad), Cog. 186.11 . ba cumlund céit . . . cech fer, Celtica iv 36.519 . fer comlainn tríchad, CF² 840 . uachtaráin na gcéad .i. fir chómhlainn céad = centuriones, Trompa 3215 . Cf. Keat. ii 5172 ff. robsam comhlann do thriochaid `a match for thirty', BS 112.16 .

(b) contest, battle, fight : gres gal comluind `a fiery assault of combat', Bretha 25 . coṅgelgart cechcomlainn cain, SR 2375 . bī bruth d'echaib ríg Ruis / do mnāi ra comlund a chuiss `racing . . . on foot', Fianaig. 48.20 . dala . . . comlaind in catha sin, Cog. 184.33 . in comrag indligthech .i. comland tar cert, Laws v 256.21 Comm. ar comlond cain `in fair fight', ZCP iii 45.2 . cert comlaind fair play, TFerbe 583 . Attrib. g s.: cethrar curata comlaind `four heroic fighting men', TTebe 954 . ar áth comhloind `on some contested ford', O'Hara 3632 . With vbs.: dorat comlund ar ath dó, CRR 52 . ro fersatár a comlonna forsna diberga, LU 7916 (BDD). córa dháibh comhlann do chor, Aithd. D. 8.22 . As quasi-vn.: mic rig . . . da chomlond ris `to fight a duel with him', TTebe 3209 .

Compd. curaidh comlonncruaidhe na cathrach harsh in battle, ZCP vi 284.26 . Stair Erc. 1041 .

daimid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. daimid or dil.ie/14221
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: damuid, -daim, -dam, -daimenn, -damann, damand, damait, -da[i]met, daimes, dama, -dama, rodama, -damat, daimtis, nodaimtis, daim, dam, dáṁ, damaid, -dém, -déma, démait, -démaitt, -didam, -didem, -didma, -didemam, -démad, rodémad, rodá- mar, dámair, -dámair, rodámair, dámatar, rodámatar, -rodmatar, dámatar, damnatar, damhnatar, rodamnatar, furodamnatar, dét, rodét, -dam, -rodam, dam, rodaim, rodamastar, damsat, rodamsat, damsat, daimset, radamsatar, damth-, damd-, -damthat, dam- thatar, damdatar, damhdhatar, daimtis, damhdaois, damair, damar, -damar, -damair, -daimt[h]ear, -damthar, -damthair, damthar, damtha, -démt[h]ar, -démt[h]a, -demthaoi, dét, rodét, nirodamad, damad, détiu, damthain, -ditiu, -ttiu

v pr. i. ACT.—pres. ind. 3 sg. damuid, -daim, -dam ; -daimenn, -damann, damand after negation, Laws (Commentary). 3 pl. damait, -da[i]met. rel. daimes. pres. subj. 2 sg. dama. 3 sg. -dama, co rodama . 3 pl. -damat. ipf. 3 pl. daimtis, nodaimtis. ipv. 2 sg. daim, dam, dáṁ. 2 pl. damaid. future (a) ē-fut. 1 sg. -dém. 3 sg. -déma. 3 pl. démait, -démaitt. (b) red. fut. 1 sg. -didam, -didem. 2 sg. -didma. 1 pl. -didemam. sec. fut. 3 sg. -démad, rodémad. pret. perf. (a) pret. with no suffix. 1 sg. rodá- mar. 3 sg. dámair, -dámair, rodámair. 3 pl. dámatar, rodámatar, -rodmatar, nir dámatar ; damnatar, damhnatar, rodamnatar, cf. Fél. Oeng. and furodamnatar, Ml. 96 b 8 , 105 b 9 . Thurn. Hdb. 401 . (b) t-pret. dét, rodét. For dĕt see det. (c) s-pret. 3 sg. -dam, -rodam, nár dam ; rodaim ( Cog. 56. 11 ). depon. rodamastar. 3 pl. damsat, ni rodamsat , ní damsat , nir daimset ; depon. radamsatar. (d) pret. damth-, damd-. 3 pl. -damthat ; depon. dam- thatar, damdatar, damhdhatar. Cf. Thurn. Hdb. 401 . Zeuss 1092 b . Pret. subj. 3 pl. daimtis, damhdaois.

PASS. pres. ind. 3 sg. damair, damar, -damar, -damair ; -daimt[h]ear, -damthar, -damthair. subj. damthar. ipf. 3 sg. damtha ; subj. id. fut. 3 sg. -démt[h]ar. sec. fut. 3 sg. -démt[h]a. -demthaoi ( ZCP viii 223. 19 ). pret. perf. (a) dét, rodét. (b) nirodamad, nir damad . Cf. ACC § 75 (damad leg.).

VN. détiu, damthain, enclit. -ditiu, -ttiu.

I Endures, suffers : dia nnama noe (.i. dia ndama duine) for tír, Corm. s.v. noe . Cf. ar is nae duine ut est dia ndama nae for tír .i. duléici in duine céssad fair, BB 328 b 43 . damhdhatar .i. doḟuilngeadar, O'Cl. damdatar (v.l. damthatar, damadar) mór tadlech they endured many afflictions Fél. Oct. 15 . riana techt don rígu rodamnatar (v.l. rodamdatar, rodamatar) saethu they have suffered tribulations ib. Prol. 32 . rodamnatar uili (v.l. rodamdatar, rodamatar) they have all suffered ib. Prol. 53 . ni rodamair huar na te I have not suffered cold nor heat Trip. 140. 16 . cech dochruide rodámair ó ṡíl Ádaim cin teirci, 23 P 10, 95 .

ABSOLUTE : holds out, goes on with : damnatar la tri laaib ic ol, Mesca Ulad. suffers = dies. o rodamuir when she died Laud 610, 100 b . brooks, vouchsafes : ni rodamsat Ulaid co mbuaid choscair do Emain Macha in tsechtmain sin. Rodamastar immorro anim Conculainn co tárfad don .l. rígan, LL 122 b 30 . With fri stands, bears up against : ar is derb lind ni déma siriti bras birda na letheti út fri brúth ┐ feirg niad do letheti siu, LU 76 a 25 .

II Submits to a judgment, stands by, assents to a decision, accepts law. Frequent in the Laws in connexion with breth, 1 cert, cóir, dliged, etercert.

(a) trans. uair nár dam sam dligedh as he did not submit to the law Laws ii 304. 3 . intan damuir dligedh iumpu when law is submitted to respecting them ib. 298. 14 . inge mad nech ná dama coir iar séta táide, ib. iv 184. 17 . v 318. 16 . is innles dóib in tochus dia ndamat dliged iar ndénam indligid, ib. v 120. 10 . muna damunn dliged intí risi ndeachaidh lámh is éicin íc tara chend. ma daimet dliged &c. ib. 226. 18 .—nír daimset in fir aile do Coinculainn in breth rodnucad do they disputed the verdict, given in favour of C. FB 78 . acht go ndaṁdaois a eidircheart provided they submitted to his decision, 23 E 26 p. 289 .

(b) intrans. with for. nách dernad etercert dúib? ol B. dorigned om for C. ┐ ní daimet ind fir út fair eter. ni didemam om oldat ind fir aili ar ní breth eter aní rucad dún they do not stand by it FB 75 . asbert U. friu nod lémad a mbrethugud acht co ndaimtis nammá fora breith. fodémam or iat provided they would adhere to it, etc. ib. 76 .

III Submits to, i.e. permits, admits of, lets . noca damann in lanad imdegla enech in lulgach anad is sia ná anadh naine, Laws i 120. 29 (commentary). ni daim anad isia ina anad náine, ib. 31 . ní daim ( ní dam, i 120. 19 ) enecland anad non patitur honoris reparatio moram ( Zeuss 430 a ), ib. 228. 16 . ii 100. 7 . dáig ainech ná daimet anad, i 236. 12 . nír dama[d] dóib dul fri lias fobíth in coctha búi itir Féine ┐ Ulta, i 74. 28 . is indligthech sum ce daim a cairiugad ┐ ni daim a car[iug]ud dab annóiti, v 122. 14 . mad neach ná daimenn a gaire do reir chóir, ib. 318. 29 . eich no daim ná daimet firiu na fedna foraib which permit not men nor carriages upon them 250. 5 . na daim ná damand fir orra, ib. 19 (comment.). Similarly Laws i 150. 21 : conid táinic C. nád rodamair nach ndligedh nád beith for úin acht a beith for treisi.—rodamasdar iarum a cur a nurlaim coitchind he allowed it (his possession) to be put into common patronage O'Dav. 1362 . a Eua daim dún do thinchosc let me instruct thee SR 214 . ni rodmatar a mbrethugud innach baliu aili acht ocutsu they did not permit of their being judged anywhere else than here by thee FB 56 . tarraid ... do chuinchid bíid. ni damthatar (v.l. damnitatar) erchoimded they suffered no excuse Trip. 204. 1 . ni rodámair in mórbríg do Mani bith ina thost did not allow him to remain silent TFerbe 299 . Cf. ní damair a bruth co fe[i]rg: co ro thogla innocht for Glend Geirg, ib. 360 . in didma tanoccol? nocho didem, TBC-LL¹ 754 Y. rodemadh a losgad siú rotruaillfitis a cuirp ar gradh De who would allow themselves to be burned Aisl. Tond. 119. 3 . ni didamsa, Laud 610, 99 b 2 . dam thumalfossaic a manum a Cháilti. ni dém etir ar Cailti, Acall. 5033 . dá cét laech rolámair sium | damair a ndimdaige, LL 192 a 12 . a díth rodámair sin chath, 132 a 26 . geguin tricha fer narmach | iarsin damair a marbad, YBL 124 a 24 . gur damair in togmac a urgabail (dhamustar, Stowe MSS) suffered himself to be taken prisoner MR 246. 20 . is aire rodamair Ísu do diabul a aimsiugud, PH 4893 . nir dhamh eadh ná hosadh dóibh aga slaidhi he allowed them neither space nor truce, slaying them Aen. 2148 ( BB 473 a 6 ). nách ar dámadh sísd no sealaigheacht dha bhur sinnsearaibh that your ancestors were not allowed their proper time ML 116. 32 . níor damhadh sealaidheachd dóibh no change was permitted them, 23 E 26 p. 35 . níor dhamsat ceannus dá chéile they did not permit superiority to one another ib. 180 . do smachtadh ara muintir gan éisiom do mharbhadh da ndamhadh a ghabháil if they could take him prisoner AFM iv 710. 8 . Here prob. also Ériu iii 136. 1 : daimthi dal cuind dosom innisein. ni didam sa caimme, ol O. Cf. Rawl. 131 b 29 : daimthi dail cuind damsa. Archena demasu cenco damasu.

IMPERS.: ni rodam dó cen tinntud fri M. he could not bear not to turn against M. TTr.² 1562 . ní rodaṁair do can a innsaigid he could not refrain from seeking him, CCath. 2920 . ní rodamair do gan dol dia ffurtacht, AFM vi 2250. 17 . berid leis iarum in mnái. ní rodamair tra do Chormac innísin, BB 262 a 35 . ┐ ní rodamair dó co ndeachaidh dia feg fegsin, 258 a 26 ( dia feg forcsin, YBL 177 b 39 ). Cf. ótconnairc...daigh na hoirgne fora daltae ni rodamair do he could not endure it RC xvi 82 (quoted from H 3.18 , p. 717 - 718 ).

IV Allows, i.e. concedes, accords to, grants, yields. Common in the Laws and sagas with 1 cert, cóir, cubaid, dliged to yield justice, cede law and right to (do). With fír fer, f. comlaind, comland oenfir in the sagas to grant single combat. With dílgud to forgive, with trócaire to vouchsafe mercy. geall do incaib fri nech ná daim ceart, Laws ii 268. 4 . fer ná daim ceart ná dliged do duine, v 206. 2 . dia ndamt[h]ar cert dó. muna damthar cert dó, iii 4. 3 . nír damad dlighedh do Feinib, i 74. 17 . nocho damand dliged dogrés in taire sin, v 174. 27 . co [n]damann sí d., 432. 12 . damhar d., 210. 9 . gabáil oc marbchrud dona daimt[h]ear d. ar uair tarrachtain, 430. 27 . doná damhthar dligi[d], ii 70. 24 . imná damt[h]ar d. dó, iii 318. 2 . muna damt[h]ur d. dó, iv 4. 12 . masa cindti lais ná demt[h]ar d. dó...co ndemt[h]ar, 12. 7 . is cindti lais ná demad bodein d., v 174. 29 . masa cinnte leis coná demtha d. dó, v 206. 13 . ná demt[h]a d. dó, iv 4. 14 . in inbaid is cunntubairt lais i ndemt[h]a nó ná demt[h]a d. dó, 12. 10 . giall in fechemun toicheda do thócbáil nocon damtha d. dó until what is lawful is given him, ii 140. 2 . ní dam trócaire trinóit, i 12. 6 . dáimhes d., O'D. Suppl. (Not here, but to con-daim, Laws v 174. 18 : aire ná condaim ceart..., cf. nád condaim c., v 202. 5 . asná condamar, 160. 4 .) ni dámair cert dóib, Expuls. 6 . Cúchulainn ní damair c., ScM. 21. 12 . ná dam cert do deman dúr, LB 237 m . ní damhsat c. dia fithidir ZCP vii 305 . baithgér...in imtuarcain ┐ ní rodam neach c. dia céli, BB 438 a 43 . ní damann sé cert dam...┐ ticfa aimser ann ┐ ní dema nech cert dá chéile, Fianaig. 74. 4 . co rodama cert in toenḟer, Rawl. 113 a 33 . nocho damand findchert, Anecd. i 48. 12 . nir damad c. dó YBL 123 b . ní demaitt cert man tír thair they will not observe right towards the eastern land Fen. 378. 9 (perh. to II). nocho cert na cubaid damait dairecht Breg CRR 22 . nír dam Conall cóir ná cert do bidbaid C. accorded not justice nor right to an enemy Fen. 312. 23 . dó nochur dam cóir na cert, Fianaig. 66. 33 . ní rodamsat cóir na cert, Rawl. 156 b 44 . dErinn nír damatar cóir to E. they did not grant justice. acht cor damthar fír fer dam ...atbér, FB 94 . intan nach démt[h]a córdus doib uime sin, Cog. 54. 13 . a láich...ma daime dáil ṅdligid dún, LL 209 a 53 . ní fír fer ná comlond oenfir radamsatar dó, TBC-LL¹ 2910 . ní damar (níor damadh, Stowe) fír fer dam ná comlond oenfir, 4706 . 4733 . ní ba cumland oenfir démait duinn, 3972 . ní rodamad fír comlaind dóib, Bor. 10 . noco damthadar comraind do thuathaib De Donann, ZCP x 365 , Rawl. 135 b 20 . rí rodet dílgud ... do Dauid, SR 6873 . rodet .i. rodam .i. rodet a cron iarsin do mend, O'Dav. 1362 . rodet it was granted BDD 143 . dAed Dub rodét, Rawl. 165 b 54 . mo manchine is duit rodétt, BColm. p. 48 . a bo do ní demad certa: cen bad leo a lachta, Anecd. i 47. 14 (v.l. ní dhema a certa). dámh comhrádh red chomhalta, B IV 1, 87 a .

ABSOLUTE: maith lind dia ndama dúin féin if he spare us RC vii 300. 7 ; the prose has die coigle, RC xiii 6. 16 .

†danae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. †danae or dil.ie/14574
Last Revised: 2013

 

ind (? corruption of Hebrew dān CMCS lx 20 . Cf. dan dr̄ iudicium, CIH ii 629.34 (glossary) . But note: dan et in Gallico et in Hebraeo judicem , De nomin. Gallicis 4 ). iudicium: danæ ebraice iudicium ar fofuapuir in danae a comland conrucæ Dia breith etorra, O'Mulc. 294 ; but the passage, which is hardly complete, contains probably danae in the sense `two,' v. dana.

díchomlaind

Cite this: eDIL s.v. díchomlaind or dil.ie/16146

 

Forms: dichomlund

adj ( comland ) not to be matched in combat: ciar bo dichomlaind Ercail do ch[ach] though Hercules had no match, BB 419b52 = dichomlund, LL 225b46 ( TTr. 636 ).

dingbáil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dingbáil or dil.ie/16621

 

Forms: dingbál, dingbāla, dingbála, dingbala, dingbhail, digbhail

vn. of do-ingaib. Orig. dingbál, ā, f. IGT Decl. § 148 , Verbs § 68 .

I Act of taking away, removing: dingbail cach cro otrais removal of every wounded person entitled to nursing, Ériu xii 8 § 6 (see note p. 57). as-boinn a dingbail `demands that he be removed', 16 § 18 . athgabail huither do dingbail iar ndifoilgid, Laws i 226.z . im dingbail mic baitsige, 184.16 .

Warding off, repelling, keeping aloof , with obj. gen.: im dingbail tascuir lir, Laws i 122.15 (with gl.: .i. . . . are in puirt nā thora tascur don lir, p. 128). im d.¤ aurcuilte a reir lega keeping away (from a sick man) things forbidden by the physician, ib. l. 18 . im d.¤ mic di mir keeping a child away from a madwoman, l. 21 . re catha im d.¤ cīsa dia tuaith, v 300.24 . siche raet docuiredar hi tracht maru . . . dlegar . . . a d.¤ din purt, i 128.22 . im d.¤ faithe, i 124.1 (with gl.: im d.¤ na n-indili as an faithce, 132.13 ). co n-athchur ┐ innurba ┐ dingbail, ZCP xiv 378 § 41 ( Laws ii 300 ). dingbail for curu bél ` evading ', Laws iii 390.16 .

In gener. of keeping off (an enemy, attack, calamity, etc.): is d.¤ truim don slog averting trouble from the host, TBC-I¹ 1490 . raptar biattaig fir hErend uile d'Fhirdiad ar dingbhail Conculaind dib, TBC-LL¹ 3646 . co tardad fortacht dóib im d.¤ díb na gressi rolad forro, RC viii 50.14 . ic d.¤ mebla dím-sa, LL 223b45 ( TTr. 486 ). cuich . . . bad ferr letsu do d.¤ dit?, Cog. 172.18 . ríg mar D. do d.¤ to resist a king like D., MR 202.19 . tar do d.¤ dochraite dinn, SG 320.33 . With ellipse of gen.: ni furail linn . . . do dingmhail d'fhianaibh Eirenn to ward off (attacks) from the Fianna, CF 325 .

Used of an enemy, passes into sense of holding one's own against, and hence by degrees to that of being a match for, an equal to: dáig na tic de laég a chomáisi do d.¤ he is not able to withstand a calf of his own age, TBC-LL¹ 6161 . ní rabi 'sin domun . . . óenfher da tísad d.¤ Achil, LL 244a28 ( TTr. 2038 ). a dingbail i comland chruaid | ni raibe i mBanba bratruaid there was not his match, YBL 318a26 . roboi d.¤ deigfhir indum in la sin I was a match for a brave man, Acall. 4780 . is iad so mogha (= modha) Fergusa . . . .i. diongbail shecht céd cathmhiledh a gcró catha ann, Ériu viii 136.16 . Note further: ni maith na airm-se . . . ni thic mo diṅgbail-se di shodain they are not capable of holding out against me, i.e. they are not equal to my requirements, TBC-LL¹ 1094 . nit maithe na carpait-so . . . ni thaet mo diṅgbail-se dib-so, 1123 (= ni fuil mo diongmhala-so diob-so, St.). So in gen.: ba hé fer a dingbāla leu `they deemed him (Ferbaeth) a man fit to repel him (Cúchulaind)', TBC-I¹ 1534 . fer do dingbala su, LL 238a42 ( TTr. 1285 ).

II Hence g s. dingbála comes to be used adjectivally in sense a match for, equivalent to, worthy of , at first following subst. and with obj. gen., later also as pred. and with prep. DO.

(a) ara carpait a diṅgbala ina fiadnaisi a charioteer worthy of him, TBC-I¹ 2572 . dí nóe sess-churach cutrumme dingbála tri ndrong ndechenbair fit for (i.e. able to hold) three parties of ten, BDD § 87 . cid . . . nobeth ri hErinn cin mnai a dingbala aci, TE § 2 Eg. ben dingbala ríg, IT i 74 . loimm dingmala ríg, BColm. 60.21 . fer dingmála gach duine, Hy Fiach. 250 . acht co rabat glinni mo dingbala riu provided I have securities worthy of me, MU 4.28 . robui ingen cruthach a dingmala aigi, RC x 187 . rothecht commaim a dhingbala, Fl. Earls 192.18 .

(b) With prep. DO: issí in glan genmnaid dingbála do ríg, LU 3908 . ni fer dingbala dhó misi I am not a man fitted to encounter him, TBC-LL¹ 3883 St. conar persu dingbala don epscopoti hé a person fit for the bishopric, RC ii 392 . ropad sciath dingbāla dó a shield worthy of him, LL 146b6 = PRIA xix 540 .

(c) Hence as pure adj. used as pred. with prep. DO (rarely gen.) worthy of, meet for, due to, becoming to: dingbala gl. dignus, Ir. Gl. 668 . gl. idoneus, Corm. Y 754 . teghlach fial . . . as lān-dingbāla Conchobuir, ZCP v 502 . ca fiss dóib-si . . . in barbardacht fil inna churp nach fil trumma as dingbála di inna churp there may not be a heaviness corresponding to it in his body, Mer. Uil. 63 . is d.¤ dóib dochar `torment is their rightful due', SG 63.17 . atlochur-sa do Dia . . . do beith d.¤ do gabáil mo flaithesa that thou mayest be fitted to assume, 394.34 . Folld. by dochum: nirbha dingbhala dochum airdrigh Eirenn ben arna hindarba trina mígním féin, Ériu iii 152 § 5 . nír d.¤ sinn dochum a chaithme we were not worthy to eat of it, SG 43.39 . isi bud dingmala docum a cruthaigteora fein do geinemain (of Virgin Mary), 3 B 22, 70a5 . Folld. by LA, with ellipse of DO: naptar dingmala leo in sheoit fouarotar they did not deem worthy (of them) the treasures, Anecd. ii 56 . do ba dhingbhála leis bheith ag foghlaim he did not think it beneath him to be learning, SG 16.15 .

In impers. construction, is d.¤ (do . . .) it is worthy (of), right (for), incumbent (on): co na gabat a chomorbus-som indus as dingbala doib, PH 4247 . as dingmala do deghmnai . . . a snim do tabairt fris, CCath. 4057 . as fír nach diongmála do dhuine . . . codladh . . . i lleabaidh Maodhóg no one is worthy to sleep, BNnÉ 276 . ós é lyaigh minister na naturae is d.¤ dō toil na naturae do leanmuin, O'Gr. Cat. 235.33 . Absol. it is fitting, meet: narbo d.¤ a chor fo thalmain a haithle in gnīma dorigne, PH 664 (?). is d.¤ dogabmait-ne ar césad, 2887 . cech aen dogéna bréc, conid d.¤ bás d'fhagbail dó, 2736 .

(d) Hence absol. as attrib. suitable , worthy, fitting, in later lang. used to denote excellence in gen.: a caeim-celi gráduch dinguhala, TE § 20 Eg. is m'[fh]er d.¤ frim lá, TFerbe 482 . da puitric dec lais cona mbiad d.¤ leo with their proper complement of victuals, Metr. Dinds. iii 532.18(notes). síl . . . na ndeigfer ndingmala roc[h]insett o Aeneas, CCath. 6042 . di tuait diles d.¤ De, BB 240b5 . roinn díles diongmála, BNnÉ 258.12 . dober-sa comharthaidhe maithe diongmála dhuit, Ériu v 166.35 . So in Bible, Matthew xix 21 (= τέλειος), Acts x 24 , xviii 26 (adv. comp. = ἀκριβέστερον), Romans iv 16 . As adv.: leiseóchar co dingbala na dighbāla adequately , Fianaig. 72.17 . an tan ghlacthar co diongmhála í (of a sacrament), Ó Héodhusa 206.15 .

(e) Later used also as subst. with gen. (poss.) and followed by de + subst. of definition to denote that which is worthy of, fitting for, an equivalent , a use arising out of (a) by inversion: fuair a dhiongmhala do dheghthuarasdal o'n mbainrioghain a remuneration worthy of him (= fuair deghth. a dhingbhála), AFM v 1814.10 . ní bhaoí aon triocha chéd . . . na baói a dhiongmhála do thighearna isan Tadhcc sin that would not have had a fitting lord in T., vi 2308.12 . Cf. Stowe variant of TBC-LL¹ 1123 quoted above under I.

III As gramm. term privative case: dingbhail, BB 328a21 , Lec. 323a22 = digbhail, Auraic. 1525 (reading of H 4.22 ). If reading of BB be right, word is prob. a particular application of (I) = taking away, removing .

IV In mod. lang. occas. worth, excellence, merit , a sense prob. due to corresponding use of dingbála, see II (d) above: gurab o Dhia thig . . . uile naomhthacht ┐ uile dhiongmhail oibre, Luc. Fid. 227 . creud da ttig brigh ┐ diongmhail do bheith san obair daonna, 226 .

éimdid, éimid, éim(d)igid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. éimdid, éimid, éim(d)igid or dil.ie/19805

 

Forms: féimdid, ro (f)eimdid, éimdhidh-, éimdhigh-

v also féimdid, etc. (cf. under as-midethar, fémdid, fo-émid, for-émid); the -m- is freq. lenited in later MSS., see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 579 . Cóir Anm. 1 . In forms such as ro (f)eimdid the pres. s. 3 may have been taken as the stem, but éimdhidh-, éimdhigh- would fall together in Mid. Ir.

I Refuses, rejects (with acc. of pers. or thing, or with imm of thing and for or ar of pers.):

(a) tancus a Fair...┐ a hElis do thochmarc na n-ingen...Ra eimthiusa sin uili I rejected them all TTebe 663 . ga fear nár éimdhigh? what suitor has she not rejected? IGT, Introd. § 94 . ro heimdedh an comhuirle sin aca they rejected that counsel ZCP x 288.14 . in fhleadh icár heimdhed isi at which she was refused (refreshment) Lism. L. 1243 . níor éimdheabhair neach you never refused (the petition of) any TD 14.36 ; 25.7 . iarrais B. an mart...éimghis an bhean é, Keat. iii 1059 . an dara hathchuinghe do iarr C....do éimidh A. sin A. refused to grant that 1502 . ro emgeatar dul refused to go TBC-LL¹ 2858 St. TSh. 7511 . ro éimhdhigh (v.l. eimhigh) dul, FDG 317n. do eimghidh S. ┐ M. feis `refused to be espoused' ML 12.27 . ro eimgedar na Goill an cath refused battle Cog. 210.28 . TD 32.15 . do éimidh sé Saul do mharbhadh, TSh. 2452 . ro éimigset a thabairt refused to give him AFM v 1770.4 .

(b) N....rofemid imm oenbargin refused a single loaf SR 6308 . fémthit...a n-asbertis they refuse (to do) what they said Trip. 130.10 . femdid in fer ...in marbad refused to commit the murder YBL 63b39 = femdig, LB 115b24 ( indara fer feimdeth gail, SR 3255 , see Strachan's VSR, line 185n. ). na femdeg comland let him not refuse combat Ériu i 114.9 . ní ba meisi cétḟerfeímthébas sochur ḟeraind na G. do chosnam who shall refuse to defend TTr.² 88 . ro ataigh P. eisim co tarta iasacht...do. Ro feimhidh in t-occlach fairsium sin D IV 2, 73 [63]ra 13 . rogāidh for P. anadh...Ro feimdhigh P. sin, 72 [62]vb 13 . ó ro fhéimig (v.l. ro éimhigh) C. in inar refused to accept FDG 292 = MR 40.2 .

II Fails: (a) o ro emidh tra...A. impide for L. imonī ro chuindig fair `was unable to prevail with' Aen. 1660 . In this sense forms with f- are regular, see fémdid, -igid, fo-émid, for-émid.

fergnia

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fergnia or dil.ie/21722

 

Forms: fergnia

n m. f.¤ .i. fortissima femina , gl. virago (analysed as vir + ago ?) Sg. 52a10 . In Mid. Ir. a man-at-arms , apparently one who had passed certain tests and was engaged either in attendance on a king or employed in cases of litigation where the services of a professional champion were needed. ferngnia [fergnia v.l.] .i. mugh, ut est deorad, doermanach ┐ ferngnia .i. doeraicenta no mogh no in t-aire ēchta, O'Dav. 873 = ( feirghnia, Ériu xiii 29.17 , in a list of unsuable persons). triar dia anfine .i. a feargnia ┐ [leg. .i., Thurn., Bürgschaft p. 58 ] a fear leasach, a aircinnech ... ┐ a ceile, Laws v 366.8 Comm. ; the Text is defective, but the passage seems to relate to the recovery of a woman's `coibche' or dowry, in which three of her relatives and three outside her family took part. Cf. caide f.¤ ? .i. fer aga mbi fer gnima (leg. fergnima ?) techta amal do-rime a mBerradh Airechta: dosboingsi a coibche do mnai iar feimed do chach. Ocus ised is f.¤ and .i. ro samaighed .vii. comlaind otha comland deisi goraighi comland morṡeisir. Geibidh fer tara gaisged o gach comland dib go mbid na .vii. fir gabala-sin lais. Is de asber ferghnia, O'Curry 1029 (< H 3.18, 433a ). See Bürgschaft 58 n. 4 . fergnio tri forggaib [leg. forgab ? or fri f.¤ ?] a `fergnia' `of three captures' (personal attendant on King of Tara) Laws iv 336.6 (= Críth G. 554 ). fergnío fri forngairi ndoris, Laws iv 338.15 (= Críth G. 591 ). F.¤, ... f.¤ Temrach la Cormac ua Cuind, Ériu xi 44.18 . ni rechtgi fergniadh .i. ni usadh [omission ?] fris in fir ferdha frisneir muir i n-uair ainftine, O'Curry 470 (< H 3.18, 247 ).

maidid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. maidid or dil.ie/31300
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: maided, maidid, muidid, fors[a]-maid, forsa-moith, resa-maid, máith, rumaith, maides, maiti, maitti, maidi, maidti, muitti, mutti, maidit, madit, muidit, máis, má, mæ, mai, maidsed, maidfed, con-roimsitis, memais, mebais, mmema, mema, roima, con-memsam-ne, mebusmet, mensat, memsat, memsad, mmebsat, mbebsat, memsite, con-mebsad, mebsaitis, memaid, mmemaid, mmebaid, ro-m-memaid, mebaid, rróemid, rroímid, roimidh, ráemid, rraimid, rommid, remid, remaidh, reimidh, rimheadh, raoimhidh, raeimeadh, memdaitir, memdatar, mebdatar, mebatar, mebhadar, mhebhatar, roimdeta, con-róemtatar, maidter, mater, mebais, meb-, mheabhas, mheabtaís, meba, mebat, mebaidh, meabhai, mebsat, meabhsattar, romhebadh, — mébas, — mébad, maid-, moid-, maidi, muidhi, maidfid, muidhfes, muigfis, maidfit, maidfed, maidhis, moidis, maid, maid, muidh, moigh, maidset, muidhset, moigsed, mhuigheadar, muidfer, muided, maedhed, muid-, maoidh-, maidm, ma, maidhis, maitti, maidter, maíded

v i. s-subj. and fut., redupl. pret. Forms. Imp. 3 s. maided, Wb. 7c4 . Pres. 3 s. maidid, LU 3720 ( SCC 33 ). muidid, LB 127a8 . fors[a]-maid, Ml. 115d12 . forsa-moith, 110d10 . resa-maid, TBC-I¹ 3575. ni máith , Corm. Y 419. (perfective) rumaith, Ml. 51c9 . rel. maides, TBC-LL¹ 4689. With pron. aff.: maiti, LU 4925 (= maithi, TBC-I¹ 440 ). maitti, LU 5201 , 6666 ( TBC-I¹ 723 , 2127 ). maidi, maidti, Ériu iii 141.202 , 203 . muitti, LU 1582 ( IT ii2 212.3 ), 6212 ( TBC-I¹ 1722 ). mutti, 1523 ( MU 52 ), 5940 ( TBC-I¹ 1474 ). 3 pl. maidit, IT i 105.13 . madit, Ériu ii 122.4 . muidit, iii 138.100 .

Subj. pres. 3 s. máis, LL 238b38 , 239a15 ( TTr. 1625 , 1647 ). mani má , LU 7121 ( BDD 80 ). Corm. Y 70. mona mæ , TBC-LL¹ 4754 , cf. 4979 , 5579 (for fut.). ní mai , Anecd. ii 31.4 .

Subj. impf. 3 s. no maidsed , TBC-LL¹ 830 , 840 (for cond.; leg. maidfed?) 3 pl. con-roimsitis, TBC-I¹ 3618.

Fut. 3 s. memais, Trip. 138.7 . SR 4705. mebais, 8320 . co mmema , LU 6099. ní mema , Ml. 89c11 . mani roima (for subj.), ib. 2 pl. con-memsam-ne, TBC-I¹ 3578. mebusmet, IT ii2 247.6 . 3 pl. co mensat (leg. memsat), LU 6097 = co memsad , TBC-I¹ 1626. co mmebsat , LU 6092 = co mbebsat , TBC-I¹ 1620. rel. memsite, TBC-I¹ 3087.

Cond. 3 s. con-mebsad (for subj.), TBC-LL¹ 5881. 3 pl. mebsaitis, TBC-I¹ 3547.

Pret. 3 s. memaid, SR 4765. Trip. 194.15 . co mmemaid , TBC-I¹ 578 = co mmebaid , LU 5066. ro-m-memaid, Ml. 127d6 . Mon. Tall. § 72. ro mebaid , SR 6913 , 6953 . co rróemid , LU 7946 ( BDD 157 ) = cu rroímid , BDD² ( Med. and Mod. Ir. Ser. viii ). co roimidh , AU 946. co ráemid , LU 9605 ( ZCP iii 206.18 ). co rraimid , IT i 76.5 . co rommid , Trip. 8.17 . co remid , AU 920 (p. 442.11) , 1016 . co remaidh , 995 , 998 , 1003 . co reimidh , AFM v 1536.9 . go rimheadh , ii 808.3 . go raoimhidh , ii 580.14 . go raeimeadh , vi 2040.10 . 3 pl. memdaitir, LU 5316 ( TBC-I¹ 839 ). memdatar, Corm. Y 950. ro mebdatar , SR 2522. ro mebatar , Alex. 31 , and so in late texts: cor mebhadar , CCath. 2031 , 2125 . ro mhebhatar , Lism. L. 2972. co roimdetar, Ériu ii 30.16 . con-róemtatar, Anecd. iii 61.9 .

Pass. pres. maidter, TBC-I¹ 3573. subj. pr. má[n]a mater , TTr.² 85.

1 in Mid.Ir. the 3 s. fut. mebais is occasionally used as a pret., e.g. LU 3791 ( SCC 36 ), Lism. L. 4051 , RC xiii 8.3 , and gives rise to a conjugation with stem meb-: Pres. 3 s. rel. mheabhas, Content. vi 68. Impf. 3 pl. no mheabtaís , BS 36.28 . Subj. pr. 3 s. dia meba , Ériu v 236.80 . 3 pl. mebat, Lat. Lives 106.4 . Fut. 3 s. mebaidh, Cog. 90.9 (= mébaidh?), cf. 144.7 . memaid for Cenél Conaill 'he will defeat Cenél Conaill', B. in Scáil² 43 § 43 . hi meabhai , BNnÉ 16.23 . Pret. 3 pl. ro mebsat , Lat. Lives 106.8 . meabhsattar, BNnÉ 84.7 . Pass. pret. romhebadh, Lism. L. 1550 , 1553 . — mébas, Alex. 212 ; — mébad, LB 129b32 seem intended for 3 s. rel. fut. and cond. respectively.

2 the pres. stem maid- (muid-, moid-) is used in Mid.Ir. to form subj., fut. and pret.: Subj. 3 s. mana maidi , TBC-I¹ 3577. dā muidhi , Fianaig. 84.14 . Fut. 3 s. maidfid, SR 6492. (rel.) muidhfes, Aen. 2451. muigfis, 2454 . 3 pl. maidfit, LU 9615 (wrongly máid-, ZCP iii 208 § 8 ). Cond. 3 s. no maidfed , SR 5036. Pret. 3 s. maidhis, AU i 532.5 , ii 72.3 . moidis, Lat. Lives 71.13 . ro maid , TBC-I¹ 774. diar' maid , SR 5582. ro muidh , AU 1022 , 1024 . corro moigh , Anecd. iii 37.6 . 3 pl. ro maidset , TBC-LL¹ 3824. ro muidhset , ZCP xi 62.4 . ro moigsed , xii 292.21 . do mhuigheadar , ML 96.2 . Pass. fut. muidfer, RC x 184.8 . pret. ro muided , ZCP viii 561.12 . nar' maedhed , Gorm. Dec. 8 . The stem muid- occas. becomes maoidh- in late texts.

vn. maidm.

In lit. sense breaks, bursts , intrans. but in 3 s. pres. occas. used with affixed reflex. pron. ma .i. briseadh, O'Cl. (3 s. subj. pr.). maidhis .i. brisis, ib. Eg. Gl. 458.

I Used like `bris(s)id' in the idiom: maidid (in cath, etc.) re (ria) A for B (the battle) breaks before A on B = A defeats B.

(a) with subj. expressed: nach comland i mbeithi, memais foraib ye shall be routed, Trip. 138.17 . co roemid in cath . . . for slog Filistín, SR 5891. cor mebaid in cath ria Concobar for Eochaid C. won the battle over E., Ériu ii 180.13 . muidit secht catha re nOsseirge for na Déise, iii 138.100 . mad romaib muigfis in cath-sa for Tuirnn, Aen. 2454. ní mai cath . . . riana gnúis may he never win battle, Anecd. ii 3 § 2 . ni ḟitir cia fora mébad in cath who would be defeated, LB 129b32 = cia fors-maidfid, SR 6492. memaith for Dál nA. in cath sin, ZCP viii 314.13 . Similarly with maidm as subj.: ro muid sruth-maidm . . . forro they were driven helter-skelter, ZCP xiii 238.14 . ceithri tuathao . . . fora roémsat tri madmand who were thrice routed, 4.11 . viii 115.3 .

(b) with omission of subj.: in tan ro mmemaid re nAbracham forsna coíc riga, Ml. 127d6 , cf. 89c11 . ria n-aṅgliu . . . mebais for demnu the angels will defeat the demons, SR 8320 , cf. 5582 . memaiss for Aed re nAed (a prophecy), ZCP xii 232 § 43. tic Labraid . . . ┐ mebais riam forsna slógu he defeated, SCC 36. mad romut máis . . . mad fort maides, LL 332c57 , 60 . maidhis for Gallu, AU 1014. dirsan flaith forsa-roemid, RC xxxvi 262 § 10 . dursan rī forsar-maig, Cog. 32.24 = fors-rœmidh, AFM i 508.17 . Galam ar nar raimhidh ríamh who was never worsted, Leb. Gab.(i) i 238.18 . With advbl. phrase denoting direction, the notion of flight being implicit: maidti forru sair co hAndobor they are routed, Ériu iii 141.203 . muiti riasna buaib fors[n]a linni she is driven before (by) the cattle to the pools (?), TBC-I¹ 1722. ro memaid ria maccaib Cathail as Indiu co lLuachair, LL 275b1 . ro mebaid forsna Troiándu docum a cathrach, TTr.² 1567. Fig.: go ro mheabhaidh for a ghlór till his voice gave way, AFM vi 2288.1 . meabhaidh ar mo ghuth ón ghol, Ir. Monthly 1927, 361.40 . da muidhi hi cond céilli `if they be worsted in sense and reason', Fianaig. 84.14 .

(c) occas. with LA or other prep. of victor: brister immairecc fairsom et maided fair lib let him be routed by you, Wb. 7c4 . for Oilill . . . meabais la Dal nAraidhi O. will be defeated by D., MacCarthy 396.27 . meabaidh lais a lochtaidhe `his guilt was vanquished by him', Leb. Gab.(i) i 36.12 . con-róemtatar dā chath huad forru, Anecd. iii 61.9 . ro mebatar ilchatha fria Pilip, Alex. 31 , where fria prob. = ria of l. 30 representing the prep. ria, re `before'.

(d) maidid de (do) x = x is routed, put to flight, and in wider sense, flees, (or without notion of flight) rushes: maidid día muntir-seom for teched, TBC-I¹ 1476. mutti dont slóg immi di cach leith the host rushes about him (of an ambush), 1474 . go ro memaid do graigib Gaedel the horses of the G. broke loose, TBC-LL¹ 3823 , cf. 3826 , 6065 . ro mebaid do na Págánda the pagans were routed, PH 7266. gur mhúigh do na Gallaib d'iarraidh a long, Ériu i 87.11 . With subj. expressed: cor memaid roscbéim rígdaide díb triasin cath (= they made a brilliant charge), CRR 34. do mhuigh bloiscbhém bodhba do na cathoibh cechtardha a ccenn a chéle, ITS v 184.25 . meabhaidh maidhmh díobh gus na scoraibh, Hugh Roe fo. 39a .

II In personal construction:

(a) in physical sense breaks (= is broken), bursts, gives way: mani má in talam fúe, BDD 80 , cf. TBC-LL¹ 4754 , TBC-I¹ 3577. maidid cridi cech duni dia seirc, SCC 33. ni máith cridhe cē chīe, Corm. Y 419 = Bruchst. i § 96.6 . madit a shuili inna cinn, Ériu ii 122.4 . co mmemaidh a chenn frisinn ailich, Lat. Lives 53. ro memaid coss ind ríg i ndó, Mon. Tall. § 72. co mbeba do ser fout, IT ii 247.8 . notgēb-sa im ladair co mbebsat [mmebsat LU] t'asnai, TBC-I¹ 1620. maitti immi-seom in dabach, LU 5201 = maiti . . . dabaich, TBC-I¹ 991. in bail . . . hi meabhai [a mbeabh v.l.] iris bhar tteighi liubair, BNnÉ 16 § 26. mebais ind roth ramhuch (a prophecy), ZCP x 343.26 . co ráemid in cholcid, LU 10478 (Tochmarc Emere). co raimdetar úammand a cholcthech the seams . . . burst, TBC-LL¹ 109. na craobha no mheabhtaís fó a chosaibh, BS 36.28 . mani má do á unless thy car break, Corm. Y 70 (cf. Ériu xi 43 ). memdaitir a carpait leu oc comroc, TBC-I¹ 839. meabhsattar na tri glais the three bolts burst, BNnÉ 84.7 . corro moigh bernn ind a gap was broken, Anecd. iii 37.6 .

(b) of persons, is routed, flees; rushes, makes a dash: maidti munter Fhergusa hi teiched, maidti Ailill i n-a ndiaidh F.'s people take to flight, A. gives them chase, IT ii2 210.66 (LL = maitte, Eg.). [ni]con-memsam-ne de sund we will not flee from this spot, TBC-I¹ 3578. maidit na sluaig for na dorsi . . . maidit immach assind liss, IT i 105.13 , 16 . muidig [= muidid] N. futha-san mar luas [fh]aindile, ZCP xiii 213.2 . memaid saithe . . . siardess co Mondornd, viii 308.14 . Leb. Gab.(i) i 278.20 . mebdatar a n-noí díib they (Síl Cuinn) fled in a ship (?), ZCP viii 313.35 , a confusion with the construction I (d).

(c) of things, bursts forth, gushes, springs up, arises: ro mebdatar [sruamma] tria thalmain, SR 2522. co rommid topar usque ass, Trip. 8.17 = Lat. Lives 44. mebais trethan dar cach tír the sea will break over every country, RC xxvi 48 § 251 . ro meabatar na da loch, Leb. Gab.(i) i 74.10 . i n-aimsir N. ro mhuidhsiod na locha so, Keat. i p. 176 . ro mhuidhset teora tipraite . . . assin talmain, Fl. Earls 210.3 . ro mebaid loim cráo dar a bél, CRR 12. co roimidh salchur a chinn dar a chluasaib immach, Cáin Ad. § 14. is aíble tened moidit trem chroicenn, Lat. Lives 84. co maiged a duibdiad ┐ a lasra a huamaib in tshlebi amach, Aen. 142. ro mebutar .xiiii. [diasa do chruithnecht] a muigib na Bethile sprang up, LB 133a5 . ro mheabhaidh na bairilledha in n-áen breó lasrach burst into flame, exploded, AFM vi 2012.8 .

Further extensions: mebais a fháitbiud gáire for Fergus F. burst out laughing, CRR 18. gur mhaoidh orruinn gean gáire, Oss. vi 8.19 . ro maidh a cai for in n-apach the corpse began to wail, CCath. 4218. gor muidh a déra tar a gruadaibh, 4219 . S. Franciscus forar mhuidhset coic crechta (of the stigmata), Fl. Earls 162.18 . Cf. also: mebais din boilgg innocht `it will burst from the boil' (? the boil will burst or disappear, cf. I (d)), Ériu iv 32.4 .

(d) rarely in late texts, with FOR (AR), breaks, vanquishes: scél fár mheabhuigh sé ar an síth `with which he shattered the peace', Ériu iv 214.3 . a ghrasaigh ghloin do mhuidh ar mhídhúilibh, Ó Bruad. i 24 § 9.

III Trans. breaks, defeats, shatters (in physical and fig. sense); an uncommon use chiefly in pass., perh. due to the form maitti (= maidid -i) being taken as pret. pass. maidter rempi fo thri, TBC-I¹ 3573. xxx. cath ro mhebadh roime, Lism. L. 1550. maoidhtear rompa, Keat. i 204.5 . la Machair nar maedhed (.i. ó Diabhal), Gorm. Dec. 8. ó rom-maidh an scél (`the calamity having shattered me', O'Gr. Cat. ), Acall. 862. ? athgabail fir muides muilend `who breaks the rule respecting the mill', Laws i 194.27 . don fir isa soc ro mebadh `whose ploughshare was broken', 200.6 Comm. clann nar mhuidh móid who broke not covenant, Content. iv 36. a mheic Máire nach muidh mionn, Ir. Monthly 1928, 39.44 . ? nā maidid [maidigh, maigid MSS.] in t-echt noco ngaba fo thrí ar a anáil `let him not do the deed until he has three times kept his breath', Mer. Uil. 134 , cf. 137 ; perh. intrans. = II (c) above, if this vb.; leg. maíded = moíded?

mainnrid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mainnrid or dil.ie/31385

 

v (denom. <mainner?) forms a manner or habit? cid ag Leth Cuind . . . do mebhraighis do mhacchleasa, is a Leth Mogha do mhaindris do chuidig don comland sin `thou hast practised' (a taunt to an opponent who retreats), MR 302.6 .

óen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. óen or dil.ie/33512
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: óen, oín, oena, aine, oina, oína, oen, aen, én, éin, aon, oen, oinaidaircechu, oinbenchu, oinchosaig

num. adj. and pron. óen, Sg. 201a11 , Wb. 4d21 (oén). oín, Ml. 90d1 , Sg. 162b1 and in compds. (Ml. and Wb.). g s f. oena, Sg. 203a26 . aine, BCr. 31c4 (pron.). a p m. oina, Ml. 70a4 (adj.); oína, ib. (pron.). Mid.Ir. oen , later aen; in compds. often én- or (before palatal vowel in follg. syll.) éin-. Mod. aon.

I As num. adj. one .

(a) absol.: oen .i. un ab eo quod est unus , Corm. Y 1001. a hoen, a dó, a trí, SR 741. a n-oén ar fichit it tri secht són the twenty-one, Ml. 2d2 (treated as neut.).

As pred. with cop.: is oín hua tinscanat, ni oín hi foircniter (i.e. they begin but do not end with the same letter), Sg. 162b1 . Generally in sense unique: Brigtae ba hóen a amra, Hy. v 43 (`B's miracle was unique', Thes.). int Imblech . . . is oin ina erdarcus I. is unapproached in fame, Bruchst. i § 145 ( Ann. Inisf. 742 ). a Flaith na naem, robo aen do chaemh thy loved one had no equal (?), ACL iii 298 § 70.

(b) attrib., rarely follg. noun (this construction seems con- fined chiefly to expressions of time): dia oin `ein einziger Gott', Ält. Ir. Dict. ii 10 § 5 (oen, aon MSS.). Moin oin `M. der einzige', ib. § 1 . as athair aen dan in coibche sin `it is to the father alone this nuptial present is due' (?), Laws iv 60.12 . luid in gilla lathi óen and one day, LL 51b2 . laa n-oen and, IT i 122.19 . PH 74. fec[h]t n-oen ann, IT i 136.17 .

(c) generally preceding noun, forming a compd. and re- maining indeclinable, one, a single . Lenites follg. cons. and often prefixes t- to s. (When the noun is folld. by prep. ar and a multiple of 10, oen is freq. omitted: bó ar fhichit = oenbhó ar fh. twenty-one cows.) cid oín dune (gl. nemo), Ml. 33c12 . ma tecmadh secht tengt[h]a i cinn aenduine, ZCP viii 111.20 . ildáni do óenfiur . . . óendán do sochuidi, Wb. 11a16 . triar, óenfer (of the Trinity), Hy. v 18. in días do gabáil immón n-óenfer, FB 15. comland oenfir single combat, Ériu i 114 § 1. eirge athlamh aeinfir rising quickly as one man, CCath. 4436 , cf. ZCP xiii 205.1 (where read: aoinfir). fer oínsétche du-nar- ructhæ act oentuistiu a man of one wife to whom only one child has been born, Thes. ii 241.9 ( Ardm. 18a1 ). Echaid Oenáu (= one-eared), Trip. 126.18 . Eochaidh aonshula of the one eye, ML 86.23 . ro sníastar ar oenchois ┐ ar oenláim ┐ oensúil, TBC-LL¹ 564. ba hoinlebor leo int saltair they considered the Psalter a single book, Hib. Min. 2.56 . Lugid Macnía (.i. oenainm), ZCP viii 312.5 (i.e. Macnía is a single word, a name not a patronymic). oen-chailech indises Matha . . . a dō indises Lucas, PH 5219. ind aenailidh dún ar ttriur | is aenbla lin dar ar cend we three shall be in one grave with one shroud about us, Anecd. ii 30 § 4. hi curach óenseiched of one hide, Trip. 222.11 . oín fecht once, Ml. 138b8 . oin[ḟ]echt, 34a9 . du intiuch oín lai a journey of one day, 140a1 . oigreadh éntráith ice of twenty-four hours, Ériu iv 218.16 . bás aonuaire `instant', Keat. iii 2272. ata oenní ocund do denam `I have one expedient', PH 1192. cidh énní dhibh a single item, Laws ii 156.3 Comm.

Often used to strengthen cech (cach): ni choemsaitis . . . cech oenfochraic dib d'aisnes, SR 520. cech laithi, cech óenbliadain, 1458 . mórfessiur . . . oc cor cacha hóenslaite, FB 2. gulban cach óen-eóin, Metr. Dinds. iii 258.26 . tri mile ceol . . . cacha henchlaisi, RC xxvi 146.7 .

Used to emphasize a follg. superlative: issí in dictatoirecht éncéim ba huaisle buí occo, CCath. 95.

The numeral often appears superfluous: teuir oenaidchi three nights, Thes. ii 291.6 ( Ml. Poems i 2 ). co n-accai ni . . . .i. in n-aenmnaí for fertais in charpait a woman, TBC-LL¹ 201. co cualaid gul na henmna a woman's weeping, RC v 201.6 . coic oinfissigh five searchers, Duan. F. i 45.5 . Esp. with nouns denoting number like días: toirmeasc itan eindeisi quenching the thirst of two, Ériu iv 224.6 . dochuaidh T. entriar marcach tarsa with three horsemen, AFM iii 576.4 . oen-ocht ṁbliadan, LL 181b22 ( Arch. Hib. ii 49 ).

Such compds. are used in pl. without inflexion of óen: óenlitrib, gl. singulis litteris, Sg. 28a12 . frisna hoen n-apstal déc eleven, PH 5123. tri cét fer for oencosaib ┐ for oenlamaib ┐ aensuilib `each using only one leg', Dinds. 41 ( RC xv 431 w ). dariachtadar óendóene d'Ultaib . . . d'fórithin Conculaind .i. Senal U. ┐ dā mac Gégge a few individuals, TBC-LL¹ 4205. rosiachtadar aendhaíne asin máidm sin, Alex. 291. ra étlaitis . . . ar oenḟeraib one by one, LL 268b26 ( MU 44 ). go n-imthightís na haonmhna Erind women used to traverse Ireland alone, AFM ii 1164.4 .

(d) used before noun in sense only : ni óentorbe doraricc dún not merely one profit, Wb. 19b23 . ba hed a n-oínbiad isin díthrub (= de mannae cibo solitario), Ml. 97d8 . bá hóenglunn dó sercc di mnai a brathar his only crime, IT i 121.3 . Tomas . . . is e oendiscipul nā boi imalle frisna hapstalu, PH 6728. énmac Dé, Ériu iv 114 § 17. Domnall . . . enrí Teftha sole king, RC xviii 18.1 . enrige in domain sole (undivided) sove- reignty, Alex. 114. se oenur 's a óenben his wife, SR 1888. Findabair d'óenmnaí F. as a wife, TBC-LL¹ 3031. mad ben tsaor í, biadh 'na henmnáoi agam, ZCP i 125.1 . tene an aonbeime [na n-oenbeim v.l.] .i. Aodh (i.e. one who strikes but once?), Anecd. ii 52.1 .

(e) unique, without equal, peerless : eirr óengaile, LU 10356. 'con óengabaind na hElgca Elg's foremost smith, Ériu iv 108 y . ar muin meicc óenfir Hérenn of Erin's chief, 102 § 43. oen- guinid Cilli Darae, ZCP ix 169.16 . Cf. TBC-LL¹ 5375. oenoinmit fer nErenn the greatest fool, Ériu v 28.2 . Tomaltach . . . enbranan cloinne Maolruanaidh `chief hero', AFM iii 150.2 . aenollam na nGaedhel, RC xviii 191.8 .

(f) often the same (= Lat. idem); in this sense declined in Glosses. inna oena méite (gl. tantidem), Sg. 203a26 . inna oína oina-sa (gl. hos eosdem), Ml. 70a4 . Cf. Wb. 5d1 . ni tre oínmetur ro ceta [int ṡailm], Hib. Min. 6.182 . aensmacht ar cach ceathra the same `smacht'-fine, Laws iv 104.24 . bid grád n-oenfir forra they shall all have the same rank, Trip. 152.22 (= in pari habendos respectu, Colg.). ac oenmummib daronsat ceirdgnimrada gaile the same instructresses, TBC-LL¹ 3006. fer oentreue dō fellow-tribesman, PH 75. d'a fir aencluichi nō aentighe as his playmate or housemate, CCath. 2432 , cf. 644 . ni uīth cuit don m[n]ai . . . a n-oentig aithigh tighi, Cáin Ad. § 2 . t'fhear êanaoise thy coeval, Dán Dé xvii 3. in tan do bamar-ne ag aenfoghlaim gaiscidh learning . . . together, ZCP x 304.29 . clanna ar saor, meic ar moghadh | dheit . . . fá énomhan `united in fear', Studies 1921, 75.4 . ata sinne . . . dh'aoinchreidimh ┐ dh'aontsacramuintibh one in faith and sacraments, Luc. Fid. 378.7 .

Similarly in a number of stereotyped adverbial phrases: i n-ait . . . oenbaili in one place, together ; ó oenbél (-guth) with one voice, unanimously ; for oenchoí on one path = to- gether ; d'oendán (lit. `of one profession') united, in concert : co ndernsat caratrad do beth d'oeṅdhán i cend Aristobuil, LB 140a15 = Todd Lect. vi 76 z (see SGS i 30 ); d'oenláim in co-operation, in concert , LB 140a16 (d'én- laim); i n-oenḟecht simultaneously ; d'oentoíb together ; i n- oenuair simultaneously , etc.

Folld. by FRI or OCUS (= as): oenfholaid . . . frissin athair of one substance with the Father, PH 177. do laechaib fa óengním ┐ óengaiscid fris féin of the same prowess as himself, FDG 733. i n-énaimsir [f]rium-sa in my time, CCath. 1704. marb a n-aonmhis . . . ocus Fiachra in the same month as F., ZCP xi 44 § 50. sinn d'éinfhine is an t-Airdrí, Dán Dé xv 15. go gcuire ionn i n-aointeach 's an cuire fionn, xiv 26 . Fiach- raidh . . . ó aoinchill ┐ Fiacc from the same church as F., Mart. Don. Oct. 12 ( p. 272 x ). aen .i. inann, O'Dav. 165.

(g) in late Mid. and Mod.Ir. aen (aon) used alone with a noun = any; aen . . . amháin one, a single. The sense any arises naturally from the use of oen in neg. or indef. state- ments. cipe toltnaigfes don chomdid i n-aen-urd díb, PH 4014 . aen cach .i. nech itir ut est: ni aera óen cach he does not satirize any one, O'Dav. 11. ata in t-aenridiri amain agar leonadh uile, ZCP vi 41.30 . en-spirut amhain one spirit, Fl. Earls 136.15 . aointsióth amháin do bheith i nÉirinn uile `general peace', Keat. iii 3135. go mbeidheadh corp na hEagluise ar aonbheusaibh amháin that . . . might follow the same customs, Eochairsg. 5.36 .

II As indef. pron.

(a) one, an individual (declined). ednon óen (gl. ĭdem), Sg. 201a11 , cf. 55b3 and Ml. 70d1 . inunn oín, Ml. 56b1 . cuit inna aine ┐ inna aile, BCr. 31c4 (referring to `prima luna' and `secunda l.' of Lat. text). inna oína oina-sa these same individuals (gl. hos eosdem), Ml. 70a4 . cach oén creitfess hí Crist every one, Wb. 4d21 . fer . . . saiges a chert do cech óen, FB 11. pianad cech oein as dir duit, PH 6599. malarta cech oin olchena the ruin of all, 714 . nach oen déraich a tír any one who deserts his country, Mon. Tall. 17. oenaib. dedaib. tredaib, LL 123a9 .

Folld. by part. gen. or prep.: i ṅ-óen na lith-sa on one of these festivals, Fél. Ep. 20. cotlait . . . i n-oen a mbrug, LL 144b14 . gebid . . . oen na tire, 333a42 , cf. ZCP viii 318.33 . inn-aen na rigbaili romor, CCath. 5824. cech oen uainn each of us, SR 1076. is aen uaib nom-braithfi-sea, PH 2372. oen dona Cristaigib, 1220 . aon don chuideachta, Fl. Earls 36.18 . i n-aghaidh gach aoin againn, Maguires of F. § 88. (This use was prob. at first confined to cases in wh. oen was preceded by cach, cech or folld. by a pers. pron.; with a subst. the older idiom was: fer dena feraib.) In expressions of time: aen na fecht ann once, Ériu v 122.34 . ag siubhal . . aon do laitib one day, BNnÉ 239 § 169. aen na n-oidhche (aen do n-oidchib v.l.) one night, BS 124.21 . aon d'oidhchibh, AFM vi 2280. 23 . Hence the later idiom: aen do lá one day, Ériu iii 150 § 3 ; áon do ló, Ériu v 86.16 ; 96.28 . oen da laí, RC xxiii 396 § 1 (= older lá n-oen).

With art.: in t-oen neamfoitnech nemaicside the One im- passible, invisible , PH 178. Cf. bíaidh solud Israel mar theine ┐ a Aóinnáomhtha mar lasair his Holy One, Isaiah x 17. lé bréithir na n-áon náomhtha of the holy ones, Daniel iv 17 . saor . . . mo aon ó neart an mhadraidh, Psalms xxii 20.

(b) in late Mid. and Mod.Ir. any one , esp. in neg. and indef. sentences: [gnúis] nach obann aon that rejects none, A. Ó Dálaigh xviii 4 . atbert N. na ro choemnagair aen do leigen innti that he could not let any one into it, Leb. Gab.(i) i 10.3 . níor bh'uamhan liom aon dom chreich I had no fear of being raided by any one, Ériu i 95.19 . tuc Dia nert . . . duit ná tucad d'áon romad, BNnÉ 7.4 . dá mbiadh i n-a iongnadh ar aon if any one should wonder, Eochairsg. 16.36 . imdeargadh aoin gan adhbhar abuse of any one, Content. xxiv 13.

III Used with prep. in the follg. adverbial phrases: ar oen (fri) together, at the same time (with): cach baili i fagabhar iat araen wherever both are found together, Laws ii 414.9 . mas etarru araen atat buachaili `if the servants belong to them both', 416.11 . céin bemaid araen beó as long as we both live, ZCP iv 239.29 . in mac gēntar uatha ar áen who will be born to them both, viii 113.16 . curab da ndēruib aráen doronadh an loch of the tears they both shed, Maund. 179. dob í inghean Uí N. a máthair ar aon the mother of them both, Maguires of F. § 8. do rithreadar ar aon i n-aoinfheacht (= ambo simul), TSh. 10325 .

With FRI: co tisad ar oen fri Ultu along with, TBC-LL¹ 1477. tanic in rig . . . ┐ in uli shacart ar oen fris, PH 2159. an ccéin báoi ar aon léa anam `so long as he lived along with his soul' (? as long as body and soul were together), ZCP i 64 § 69. Folld. by ocus: dofóeth Marcán . . . ar óen ocus Medraige, Metr. Dinds. iii 320.36 . dochuaidh Bairri . . . ar áen ┐ Eolang, BNnÉ 17. 19 .

mar oen (fri) together (with): doruacht mar aon re fuigeall `along with the remnant', Laws ii 238.7 Comm. oc fledugud mar oen fris, PH 2372. téid . . . mar aon re hiomad d'ógaibh, Keat. ii 55. cosa . . . mar aon ris gach mball oile, TSh. 60. bud hi an bāidh braithreisi | beith dūinn mar aon that we should be together, ZCP viii 214.12 .

IV In some cases oen forms genuine compds. in which the meaning of the follg. word is modified:

(a) chiefly with adj., esp. adj. derived from noun: ¤adair- cech: a p m. oinaidaircechu, gl. unicornes, Ml. 45a5 . ¤bélrach: dorat rath na n-ilbelra doib . . . is iat oenbelraig có sin .i. Ebrai speaking (only) one language, PH 2517. ¤bennach one- horned , as subst. a single-horned creature, a unicorn , LL 135a50 . tír nathrach is oen- benach, 136a19 . a p. oinbenchu, Ml. 45a5 . See oenberach (treated separately below). ¤charptech, TBC-LL¹ 4252 (where it is used of one who drives alone, a warrior without a chario- teer). fuilliucht ind óenchárptig, 713 . ¤cosach one-legged (-footed): g s m. ind oinchosaig , Goid. 71.3 . pl. na hoenchossaig odra, Rawl. 76a46 . ¤dánach, ¤dírech: beas aendanach, bid aendireach `who has one art, let him have one "dire"', Laws v 108.11 (opp. to il-dánach, -dírech). ¤faebrach: do biailib oenfoebrac[h]aib one-edged, CCath. 5442. ¤fiaclach one- toothed, Leb. Gab.(i) i 78.9 (en-). ? ¤folbthach: a oenḟolbthaig oeniressaig! `of one substance and one faith [with the Father]' (? only praiseworthy, only faithful, reading ṁolbthaig), PH 161 . ¤geinne: óengeinne Dé only-begotten, Hy. vi 25 ; cf. tar in mac n-óengine .i. Críst, Ériu ii 196 § 13. ¤gel altogether fair or white, pure white, common epithet of silver: oengel in dún, Metr. Dinds. ii 72.17 . cúach argit oengil, LL 34a54 . do cnaimh aoingel elifinte, CCath. 4691. do cholomhnaib marmair aingil, Fl. Earls 152 x . a díí láim oengela, LB 124b26 . im thrí .ix. con n-éngel, LU 6768 ( BDD 28 ). tred do chaorchaibh aen- gealae, BNnÉ 56 § 63. ¤ingnech: Monica éningnech one- hoofed , CCath. 3841 (explanation of the name Monychus < μονόνυχος). ¤iressach, see -molbthach. ¤menmnach: in t-ennac aenm. `single-minded', BColm. 12.16 . co henme[n]m- nach unanimously, Cog. 120.6 . ¤trabdae (< treb), gl. soli- tarius, Ml. 46d1 .

(b) with noun: ¤ciniud in Laws, only child or descendant , the last living member of a `fine', Thurneysen, ZCP xiv 347 § 3 b. is e bes foloing aencinnid `the food-rent which the sole survivor submits to', Laws ii 256.25 . bes oencinneda, iv 302.20 . biathad in aencineda gin fine, ii 354.3 Comm. Also of any propertyless man of the fer midboth grade, even if he had kin, ZCP xlii 68 : ní dligther fothud a thige do neoch céin mbes maice, combi túalaing saintrebtha ┐ gabála[e] se(a)lb, do ḟi[u]r midboth(a) céin mbes n-óenchin(n)i[u]d 'hospitality of his house is not due from anyone for as long as he remains in boyhood until he is capable of separate husbandry and of taking property - from a fer midboth for as long as he is an óenchiniud ' Críth G. 77 , ZCP xlii 68 . ​​​​ ¤clár a single, solid piece: oen chlar a chorp uli; oen chlar a thraigthi, PH 7272 (of the Antichrist). denid óenbuidin díb ┐ oénchlár dona sciathaib immon ṁbuidinsin, LL 13937 . aonchlár dar lat an brugh breac one unbroken surface, DDána 119.32 . Of a flat-face : go bfacaidh nech ana dhail, ┐ aon chlár aighthe lais, BNnÉ 185 § 15 . is amlaid do boi ┐ aonchlar aicthi (aenchlar edain, v.l.) aige gan suili ina cind, Stair Nic. 49 . Of a closely formed battalion: doralsat óenclár catha foraib dia tobairt 'formed themselves into a solid phalanx', LU 1478 ( MU² 955 ), SGS v 30 . ¤coissid m.: oenchossid sciach `a one-stemmed thorn', ZCP iii 7 § 25. mac ind oenchoisseda one-footed , IT i 102.17 . ¤echaid m. a rider : gl. eques, Sg. 55b7 , 50b2 (óin-). da o[e]nechdae, Corm. Y 1082 = do aen[e]achdae, Corm. p. 38 (rót). ¤taeb a particular place: do chuir sí a haire d’éantaobh, LBranach 2 . do-chuaidh an t-eólus d’éntaobh, 362 . dá gcuirinn m’intinn d’éantaobh 'even if I set my mind to going somewhere' Sages, Saints and Storytellers 34 § 1 . ¤tiges (= ¤tigedus) dwelling together with, cohabitation: aontíghios daor an dia- bhail, RC xxiii 12.10 .

toísech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. toísech or dil.ie/41302
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: toísegu, toísigiu, taesca, taísce, túsga, táoiseach, tóiseach, túiseach, túiseach, tóiseach, taíseach

adj. and subst.

I adj. o,ā first, former: isind epistil tóisich, Wb. 14d1 . fon dul toisech, 10b20 . is hires as toisech hi suidib, Ml. 14c6 . forsind í toisech `on the first i,' Sg. 7b5 . ind .a. toisech `the initial a,' 136a2 . huanaib herchoiltib tóisechaib, 199b11 . aire túise, cid ara n-eperr? arindí as t.¤ a ceníul leading , Críth G. 386 . ont shanais taisig rosairg, Ériu ix 67.31 . co n-aprai in bolcum tōisech frisin mbolcum ndédenach, MacCongl. 101.13 . o gein tuiseach Edaíne ... cosin ngein déigenach, Ériu xii 156.20 . is in ais tuisigh ... is in ais medhonaigh, Laws ii 186.13 Comm. eter dered ind raind toesig ... ┐ tossach ind raind tan[aisi], Auraic. 5369 . for láim chlí ind óclaig thoesig tánic issin tulaig, TBC-LL¹ 5197 . in tan túisech beres soillsi grene cecha bliadna cetchoscor do dorcha na haidche, PH 3515 . Slíab Sobail ... ainm t.¤ (: nóisech) in tṡen-ṡléibe, Metr. Dinds. iii 116.96 . acht na ndenaid min-ughdair fri dereadh in domain ar thucait a nderscnaighthi seach na n-ughdaru toisseacha `the former authors,' Auraic. 59 . ro slecht didiu G. iarsin co ro soethe ana gne toisech ` former ,' RC xlvi 239.25 . frisin láithi toisech do mi Febra, Marco P. 85 . Cf. tuisiuch a rainnside a trí `it is to be divided in the first place,' Laws ii 140.12 Comm. is denam for tuisech an deidenach, i 172.32 Comm.

As adv. preceding a verb: is aice toisech tucad chuing for muinelaib dam do feraib Erenn, Ériu xii 178.19 (TE). iss é taeisech rosía taisselbad chugut-sa it is it which will first come to be exhibited to thee, BColm. 92.20 . íar fairind ... comad hé tósech nóadhrad Fursa, 96.21 . dénaid tindenus co rop sib toisech innises bethaid do'n doman, PH 3413 . co mad i nGalilee toisech atcifitís a apstail Ísu iar n-esergi, 3415 . conidh he toissech roscrib i taiblibh, Auraic. 44 . rocreit conid hé toisech rogab creidim, Lat. Lives 3.13 .

Compar. toísegu, toísigiu. Later taesca, taísce, túsga.

(a) prior; first in importance: ni airegdu a persansom oldaas persan na nabstal olchene ceto thóisegu i n-iriss, Wb. 18d14 . air is toisechu anisiu indaas andabeirsom ar thuus, Ml. 47a14 . amal as toisegiu grían indáas laithe ... síc is toissigiu gein maicc hua athair re cech dúil, 85b11 . bái ni bud toisigu dún andás biath do dénam duit, Trip. 10.16 . aire tuise .i. tuisechu i n-urd ... he, Laws v 24.27 Comm. mar as tusca ... gach ni foirfi na gac ni nemhfoirfi superior , Ir. Astr. Tr. 66.16 . os é in credem oibriugud is túsca dib, PH 7813 . dán órdha ní hé do ní | cosnamh gach cúise adeirthí | as taosga i dtealaigh na bhFionn | acht leabhair aosda Éirionn, Content. vii 12.

(b) first in point of time, sooner: cid toisigiu doberthar ind ḟochaid, Ml. 19b11 . aris is toiseghv rocet in coecatmad psalm, Hib. Min. 6.199 . is toisichv rocet pusillus eram, 10.z . is tōisechu mac et athair oldās úa, Corm. Y 1277 . táisechu ro-síacht Cú Chulainn co hEmain, MU² 151 . masa tuisecha ro deirged a lam ... inna ro tsennestar in cin air, Laws iii 110.18 Comm. taoisechu mes in ratha, O'D. 519 ( H 3.17, col. 421 ). uair taoisiocha so ionás écc E. `this was before the death of E.', TFrag. 226.17 . ní miad lim-sa diam túscu dó icond áth ná dam-sa, TBC-LL¹ 1879 . táisgi rainic CuChulainn mara roibi Orlam ina'n gilla, ZCP viii 540.19 . táisce mo bás cen deibe | ná le nech eile laige, SG 61.13 . tuscu Conall anda Corc, LL 145a32 . sinni ba toisciu ca thocht, LL 206b46 . an inbuid is tusca beg ro gabhadh in athgabail ina táinic in foesum, Laws ii 110.26 Comm. cuairteocha mé in domun ag iaraidh mo dhalta, muna faghar nísa tusca é, ZCP vi 91.8 . gach ni as deigmacha bis annsa comtsuigigud is e as tusca bis annsa disgailedh, RC xlix 12.y . gurabh taesca do ghabhais féin geill treinfer Eirenn 'na do ghabh ri in domhain a n-gheill, CF 216 . gein as taosga (: aosda) do thuair gnaoi, PBocht 27.5 . fa taosca sin ioná Cairbre Riada do mharthain, Keat. ii 3685 . go madh taosga deigh-fhreagra ōn rīgh ag breith orra nō M. do thernodh tar a aiss, Fl. Earls 22.26 . ní bhfuil peacadh air bioth is taosga `more ancient,' Donlevy 156.7 . As abstract noun: munbadh a thúscc ro gonadh an presidens, AFM vi 2114.23 . In phr. mar as t.¤ as soon as: mar as taisce adchonnairc, grádhaighes iat, Imr. Brain 62 13 . tabair do briathar damsa, maras taosga ticfair an Erinn, nach lecfer oirisim na comnaide doibh, IT ii2 124.68 . mar is túsga théid an t-anam ar neamh ┐ is léir dhó lonnradh an lóchrainn diadha `as soon as,' TSh. 5086 . mar is túsga do-bheir an diabhal an duine aontuigheas don olc ar chumas an pheacaidh, 7345 .

(c) sooner in preference; rather: toisechu bia marb oldas bia meirb, PRIA xix C 546 § 8 . doberim mo breithir ... conad taesca no ebelaind ... na doberaind poic duit, RC xxiv 198.6 . gorab túsca bas im belaibhsi innas mo bheth ... im senoir ic foglaim foghnamha do duine aili, CCath. 5529 . bá cora comland do chur rimsa ní bad thaisci (tasca, v.l.) ina torchair do rigaib ... adraind cosaníu, TTebe 4431 . is tusca no-berad in t-errandus bud mo dia rige ┐ flaithius doib oldas in cend-sin, PH 906 . is taisce atbél iná-s dogén do diultad-sa, 3014 . is taisce doloiscfedh a ingin ana doberadh do S. hi, Marco P. 30 . taosga as dúthchas d'aicme Ír ... cuige Uladh ... ionás Luachair, Content. v 115 . is túsca no fuicfind-si Ere inás do ghénaind fell for ma dhaltadaib fesin, MR 12.16 . bheith toiltionach air bhás d'fulang níos taoisge iona chuirfheadh fearg air, Donlevy 54.24 . imdhighsi ni sa thaósga do chum na gceannuightheadh, Matthew xxv 9.

Superl.: is ed trede as toisechem do duiniu gl. quae inter reliqua uictui necesaria primum obtinent locum, Ml. 20d2 . tóisigem gl. primus, Sg. 42a3 .

II As subst. o, m. táoiseach, tóiseach, túiseach, IGT Decl. § 11 (54.29) ; túiseach, tóiseach, taíseach, § 104 .

(a) first, first-mentioned thing or person. honaib toisechaib gl. prioribus, Ml. 56b22 . essu rubu thoisech hi suidiu, 63b5 . ūr .i. cach (sic leg.) tūisech ┐ īar cach ndēigenach, Corm. Y 1291 . nád aithgainethar a t.¤ first mentioned, Críth G. 564 . cérba tróm in tóisech, i[s] sechttruma in dédenach, MacCongl. 61.16 . lethfiach don tuisech lanod `half fine due to the first man of full privilege,' Laws iii 136.y Comm.

(b) leader, chief: hore rombu thoissech na fectae, Wb. 33a20 . ban chossmaili friar tuissech, 33b20 . amal bid nach toisech corpthae dudfessed, Ml. 78b14 . Iob ba dicerta crich | toisech míltnechta Dauid, SR 6594 . tóisech int sluaig, 4797 . snáidsiunn Moysi degthóisech, Thes. ii 300.9 . tóisech inna mban, Imr. Brain 31.7 . acht atndaimet do thóisiuch ┐ aurlabraid remib, Críth G. 279 . im dán toísig nó thánaisi, 322 . cach buden immá túsech, LU 8103 (FB). na tōisig fot smacht | cidat nōisig neirt, KMMisc. 268 § 41 . cach buiden imma tuisech, TBC-LL¹ 459 . ech cach tóisich, BColm. 94.10 . Aengus bá toiseach doib uili, Ériu xii 142.21 . tuisech cacha fine, Laws v 438.25 . cach tōisich a thulach, ACL iii 226.6 . tuatha cen taisechu, TTebe 3049 . ité ... in cóica ingen ...: isī a tāisech fil sunn for mo leathlāim-sea .i. Deichtir, ZCP v 502.3 . a thaisechu iffirn, PH 3868 . do thúisigh uile is t'uirrígh, DDána 74.16 . tréit ┐ taisig tretil, Cog. 160.7 . rug a craísech chraebh n-úaine | taísech úaine a táebh thóire, IGT Decl. ex. 1205 . Of rulers of peoples or territories: toesech na nDubgennti, AU i 366.1 . Cerran mac Colman tosech cenel Maelche, 428.6 . toisech Mesopotamia, SR 5284 . ro boí toisech Ua Conaing and, LU 3110 . tōsig Thūath Bíd, MacCongl. 83.20 . With following gen. of description; t.¤ céit centurion: doronadh iarsin tuiseach cett ic Cesair deisiom, CCath. 3554 . t.¤ celebarta head of the canonical offices, cantor Ríocht na Midhe viii 8 : sacart, ┐ toiseach ceileabhartha Cluana mic Nóis, AFM II 764.18 . t.¤ cethrair quadrumvir: taisech cetráir gl. quadrum uir, Ir. Gl. 400 . t.¤ cóicir quintumvir: taisech cuigir gl. quinctum uir, Ir. Gl. 401 . t.¤ conaire guide: tarsna beilghibh rotioncoisccset a thoisigh conaire dhó, Hugh Roe 86.7 . t.¤ imgona battle chief: ba tóisech imghona la Cublay esium, Marco P. 128 . t.¤ na macc léiginn master of the novices Ríocht na Midhe viii 8 : [in] dā toīsech c[e]lebar(ta ocus toīsech na mac lēgind) do muntir Cenannsa, Notitiæ as Leabhar Cheanannais 20.11 . toīsech na macc lēgind .i. Ōengus Ūa Gamna, 30.10 . t.¤ na scolóc the head of the novices (?) Ríocht na Midhe viii 15 , Peritia i 314 : toisech na scoloc, Misc. Arch. Soc. i 140.y . t.¤ teglaig chief of the household, major-domo: taiseach teglaig, Dinds. 149 . co rob e ba taisech teglaich ac Meidb, Ériu ii 182.14 . Cf. is iomdha ardtaoiseach do bhíodh ... ar an bhFéin, mar atá ... taoiseach caogaid amhail bhíos lieutenant ┐ taoiseach trí naonbhar amhail bhíos corporal, ┐ taoiseach naonbhair amhail bhíodh decurio ag an Rómhánach, Keat. ii 5164 - 69 .

Compd. ¤aire chief noble: airech tóisechaire, Sg. 50a26 . ¤gein first-born one: dliged in tuīsechgeine (gl. primgene), CB 162 § 43 gl. 1 .