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1 aicde

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aicde or dil.ie/769
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: aice

n also aice , f. perh. vn. of ad-guid see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 551 . bond, surety, security: a.¤ .i. trebaire ┐ desmirecht air, a.¤ mac .i. mac nascaire, O'Curry 2077 (H. 4.22, f. 67). cu na dleiste do dune gumud cuma a epert ┐ a a.¤ acht do grádh sechta i.e. certain grades made themselves liable by simply giving verbal undertakings(?), O'D. 943 ( H 3.17, 660 ). duine bud cuma epirt ┐ a.¤ i.e. a man whose word is as good as his bond, Laws iii 326.26 Comm. ; 4.15 Comm. Cf. O'Dav. 795 . isit esinnricc manib cuma a n-epert ┐ a n-aice, Laws v 358.20 Comm. (cf. innann a nepert ┐ a narach, O'Curry 535 ( H 3.18, p. 265b = CIH iii 795.33 )). cred é cuma epert ┐ aige? . . . .i. commór a apart do féin ┐ ba huca thoghaidhe leis trebaire aire, O'Curry 1383 ( H 3.18, p. 629a ). aicc macu hi fiacha . . . do neoch imme fuigle in aicdiu from someone who gives decisions in matters affecting security, Laws ii 130.10 . dairt for a roach (.i. for a fiadnaise), colbdach for a aiciu (leg. aicdiu Thurn. ZCP xv p. 366 ) (.i. for a naidm) bo for a aitire, ZCP xiii 24.6 . ni direnaiter ni herenaiter aigde, O'Curry 824 ( H 3.18, p. 379a ). ni saigh ni a aicdiu .i. . . . ni astait ní na aitire, O'Curry 1990 (H. 4.22, p. 25). nach fer aici ┐ comit[h]echta, Anecd. iii 24.23 . mar do beith araind urradh / fan cunnradh do chenglamair / as i aice as annsa ann / damsa is caite re chomhall, 23 E 29, 81.4 . aicdhe .i. comhall, O'Cl. Note also aice .i. treabh (for trebaire?), ib. ?fochraic aicidi .i. log na haici ma diubart iar fis ┐ trebaire, O'Curry 1989 (H. 4.22 , 25 ). ? haice .i. ecaidhe nó deroil no eraise, ut est haice cach rath co rath tire .i. . . . is deroil cach ni doberar isin rath co tir, O'Dav. 1069 .

allandess

Cite this: eDIL s.v. allandess or dil.ie/2939

(alla(e) + andess)

(a) Adv. on the southern side: oc commor māna ┐ aba allandeas ( allándess, LU 5114 ) ūas dūn a chēle to the south, TBC-I¹ 629 .

(b) In prep. phrase a.¤ do (= di) south of: isin glind . . . allaness don catraig, LB 159a10 . allanes do cnuc, Cog. 92.20 .

ármann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ármann or dil.ie/4195

n o, m. (ON ármádhr, Bidrag 133 ) officer, official: armand an dúine, RC xviii 278.21 (Tig.). cath commór do ridirib ┐ d'ármannaib ┐ d'áirseóraib, 290.1 (ib.). ac fegad na long n-anaichnid ┐ na n-og ┐ na n-armund, Aen. 1836 . allgotha . . . na n-airdrig ┐ na n-armann, CCath. 5949 . ardmair ┐ armainn, 4850 . tainic cogad . . . eidir airmúin̄ In̄si Gall `chiefs', Rel. Celt. ii 162.9 . na hármuinn ar thaobh Eoin, 11 . ar neirghe da narmannuibh `rising of their champions', 262.35 . armainn .i. oificcigh, O'Cl.

cachtaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cachtaid or dil.ie/7534

Forms: coimdegh

v (1 cacht)

(a) shackles, fetters; imprisons, confines, subjugates : rochacht cach rí, SR 7075 . cachtus Elga ollbuidhne, KZ xxxiii 82 (see BB 378b9 ). cachtsus rosacht ind rigain, LU 4279 = LL 18212 ( SG 84.17 ). condot rodbsat / condot chachtsat, LU 3523 ( SCC 28 ). cachtsus cách . . . / i nInis ṅdualaig, LL 19449 . roscacht i ngrísaib gemlig, Metr. Dinds. iii 370.55 . ro chacht éc . . . / mac Domnaill, LL 15840 . ro chacht, ┐ ro chuibhrigh lucht mortha foghla, Cog. 136.25 . Dianim . . . / roscacht greimm Righ na ndúile, AFM ii 576.11 ( TFrag. 240.9 ). In Laws in sense of impounding distrained cattle: ni cachta cethra, O'D. 2222 (Nero A vii, 151a). don fir cachtus in athgabail, Laws ii 76.20 Comm. ? im cobair do fuidir cachtair (cach tair, text) etechtu who is distrained unjustly(?), i 124.12 .

(b) restrains, disciplines, curbs : rochachti iarum commór corroabstinit, Mon. Tall. 159.10 (§ 77) . fer na cachta (? no chachtad) cu mor, LB 11a35 . rochachtsat a colla, Gorm. Nov. 16 . ro chacht ar Crist a colaind, LL 371d17 .

Vn. coimdegh, ┐ cachtad, Laws ii 308.8 Comm. is indsa don memor cachtad in cínd, iv 54.23 Comm.

1 cas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cas or dil.ie/8289

Forms: casbairn

adj o, ā

(a) Of hair curly, hence of persons curly-haired: noí monga cráebacha cassa, LU 7633 (BDD). do barr bude brass / ba cass (of Fer Diad), TBC-LL¹ 4071 . trí dondḟuilt chasa, BDD² 938 . Cormac c.¤ , Fing. R. 731 . at casa finna a forḟuilt (of household of Créide), Acall. 797 . gilla[n]rad chass crodund, RC xiv 412.w . folt na n-órchlann . . . gc.¤ , DDána 49.3 . re scéimh a slat-chúil chais, Keat. Poems 73 . Of animals curly-haired, -furred: c.¤ a graig, Ériu xvi 160 § 6 . masat cethrai cornaig cais, MU² 480 . Of trees etc. twisted, tangled: trí chrann c.¤ , BS 74.6 . in caill cais, Metr. Dinds. i 2.19 . Of terrain, mountains etc. of dense vegetation(?); somet. translated steep: hi Cruachain cais, Metr. Dinds. iii 464.61 . don thslēibh ch.¤ `steep', SGS iv 62 § 15 . i cath Dromma caiss Corcáin, Arch. Hib. ii 93 § 16 . re slis Locha Cuilidh cais `precipitous', Celt. Rev. iv 218.16 . Of sea, rivers etc. eddying (?): cossin Commor cuscle cass, LL 964 . sruth cithmhear c.¤ , `winding', Aithd. D. 61.16 . tar cholbhadhaibh casa . . . na g-cuan, ML 46.28 . do thomhais fhionnmhuir gcais gcoptha, Magauran 1283 .

Other applications: brat c.¤ corcra woven, BDD² 959 . t'eascaoin is c.¤ (to a cloak), Hackett² xxxii 11 . ilar na cúach, na cód cass elaborate(?), SR 4357 . cass cor cuirther guth in luin, IT iii 19 § 53 `lively', Murphy Lyrics 6 . casa ┐ . . . remra . . . amal cholamna (of serpents), Alex. 720 . ara cuirr chais `on its curved prow' (of naval vessel), Caithr. CC 75 . cechaing Eochaid don chath chass `serried battle', Metr. Dinds. iv 46.61 . atāi co rind recni chaiss intricate(?) (of metre), ZCP xi 110 § 34 (leg. chass: mass). i bfroighidh úir chais an chluidh (of a castle), DDána 119.3 . san léibheann ch.¤ chlár, 10 .

(b) In more abstract senses. Of persons: Créidne in cerd cass skilled, LL 1344 . a choccaráin cais `intelligent', Cog. 102.21 . for a cleircib craibdech cais / for a n-occlachaibh ernmais, Anecd. ii 33.w . co Clíodhna cais, Cog. 138.16 . dias fhoirbhthe, choinntinneach, ch.¤ , Tribes of Irel. 82.11 . clú cass (chev.), SR 7663 . ní crodh c.¤ (of dowry), Acall. 818 . ba hé in gnim cass perverse, SR 5973 . co ceird chaiss intricate, RC xx 136.21 .

Adv. is cass rotibe a gen / indiu fri bile Torten, Bruchst. 92 . na celid co cass, LL 29042 . seinn co cass é .i. co lúath, Cóir Anm. 165 (Cormac Cás). do chuirdís comhlonn go c.¤ ` ingeniously (?)', Keat. i 210.13 . an gaoth go garbh gclórach gc.¤ ` steeply ', Rel. Celt. ii 250.17 .

Equat. co muing órbuidhe . . . caissidir carra mennc[h]rot, Corm. Y 1059 ( Anecd. iv 94.7 ). caisithir casnaide a chul, Auraic. 3499 . caisighthir [sn]as snāth (leg. casnath?) a chūil, ZCP xiii 169.16 . cassithir rethe copad, LU 7252 ( BDD 91 ). caisidir, 7328 (97).

Compar. ní bo chaise a chur 'na laige `the quicker was he laid in grave'(?), Metr. Dinds. iv 112.66 . caissi rētaibh, ZCP viii 197.19 . do ṡil glaisi a gormtholaigh / nach caisi idh urchumhail, IGT Decl. ex. 746 .

(c) As subst. o, m.: in cass donn the curly-haired one (of Christ), Ériu iv 118 § 34 . imdha a tigh c.¤ a cuibhrech / ní ḟuil glas gan dá gheimhlech knot, IGT Decl. ex. 803 . As n. pr. m. concicher C.¤ cluiche maith, Ériu xx 194 § 15 . C.¤ Clothach, Cóir Anm. 9 .

Compds. With nouns: casanfadh in mormara ` whirling storm ', CCath. 791 . ¤bairdne name of a (type of) metre, see IT iii 11 §§ 15ff. casbairdni ┐ duanbairdni, 6.17 . Also casbairn f., IGT Decl. § 13 . ní ḟuil co casbairn chinn truim / rem lind glasnaidm ó ngébuinn, ex. 623 . trí chét ban do chasbanntracht calma na cichloiscthi, Alex. 519 . mo chasbraid go bhfóire (to Christ), DDána 51.8 . tricha cas brat `napped cloaks', Leb. Cert. 64.9 . aon don chasbhuidhin maisdín uaibhreach uilc, Hackett² lxv 5 . buinne faebrach .i. casbuin[n]e, O'Dav. 272 . tria caschairchidh (?leg. -chige), O'Curry 2164 `the quality of having curly hair', Plummer MS. notes. Conghal caisChinn mhóir Mhaghair, DDána 113.14 . fer co c. cluimh `with wreathed hair', CCath. 7 . ag crathudh gach caschroinn, Magauran 3424 . casdraigen . . . ūas clethi . . . cacha suind `thorns', MacCongl. 87.14 . ag cais-fhilleadh ar na coiribh, TSh. 8108 . dremhan an caisgen tibhes, Fianaig. 16.12 `hateful laugh' (see 1 cais). ag caisfhidh Dúin `knotty wood', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 160.12 . ag cais-iompódh ar a gceanaibh, TSh. 7949 . fail and cassleni Senaig, LL 370b39 = casol Senaich, Arch. Hib. iv 206 § 11 . bratt derg fa chaslaí, TBC-LL² 4519 = fuan brecdercc fo casloi, TBC St. 4430 `curly wool', Gloss. casla .i. casló .i. olann ch., O'Cl. nochathed caslus calaid, Rawl. 76b50 . casmhaide dóighte `burnt-up cross stick', O'Rah. 78.116 . greit cnōsaig tre casrub[a] `raschen Schlag(?)', ZCP xiii 276.12 . In n. pr.: mac Lugdach meic Casrubai, LU 5698 . cona cassnaithchib caiti twisted threads, CCath. 5208 . See casnad, casnaide. casulcha foda . . . fair (of Christ), RC viii 362.10 .

With adjj. in dvandva compds.: barr casbláith mar chorcair, IGT Decl. ex. 641 . folt casbude fair, LU 6294 (TBC). int ech aile ┐ sé casmongach caschǽl, TBC-I¹ 1977 . caschōel, 2559 (cos- ?). brat caschorcra, LU 7324 (BDD). lenna casdercca, TBC-LL¹ 5534 . Caireand Casdub, RC xxiv 190.6 . Clidna cennfínd casetrocht, BB 374a30 = chnessétrocht, Metr. Dinds. iii 210.20 . In n. pr. m. Casmael, LL 1112 . C. cas-mer, Metr. Dinds. iv 122.6 . robo chassūr crann a gae, Rawl. 77a23 .

With adjj. derived from nouns: hua Cuind cassherlaich curly-locked, Fing. R. 668 . dá ech . . . cassmongaig casschairchig, LU 8594 `manes and tails curled' (Henderson), FB 45 . Casciabach, .i. rechtaire in rig, MR 22.7 . moṅg casdrumnech barrbuide wavy and curly, IT iii 472.121 . ulcha crutach casdualach (of Hector), BB 427a34 . cendard cassetnach (étan), IT iii 246.80 . E. . . . mac Ailella Casfiaclaich, Corp. Gen. 129.28 . bratt caslongach corcra (cf. 2 longach), ZCP xiii 170.33 . corn-ḟolt caslonnrach, Abbott-Gwynn p. 335 . mor ceand caistrillsech with curly tresses, Alex. 133 .

? docamḟolang casbhuarote (: nglasḟuarote), IT iii 92 § 139 .

céile

Cite this: eDIL s.v. céile or dil.ie/8452
Last Revised: 2013

n io, m. See Zimmer, KZ xxx 35 - 43 . Except somet. in legal sense (d) usually with prec. possess. or follg. gen. and tending to function as a pronoun rather than as an ordinary noun. The main meanings as noun are client and fellow , the term always implying a relationship. It is doubtful (see Zimmer) whether this was originally one of inferiority or one of equality.

(a) servant, bondsman, vassal, subject : `ceile' as ainm do gach oglách, Metr. Gl. 28 § 45 . c.¤ .i. óglach, O'Cl. húasal-athraig, cliatha fáithi, / do Chríst cíaptar céli, Fél. Ep. 14 ( ceile .i. cara, O'Dav. 438 ). á Chríst dianda chéle, 307 . imcomairc . . . do Láeg cia díambo chéli, LU 5598 . céli in báis .i. ar n-oirchindech (of the devil), PH 2046 . diamba chéle Maic Maire if thou be a vassal of Mary's Son, Ériu i 200. 3 .

(b) In phr. c.¤ Dé = eccles. Lat. servus Dei ( Thes. ii 265.5 from Ardm. 11ra ). Cf. is cele dǽ infer hisin, Ml. 30c3 . Freq. as name of member of a class of religious distinguished by special observances and practices, appar. of a stricter nature than those of others. Hence Engl. Culdee , in pl. also Keledei, Colidei . The precise connotation of the term is uncertain. See Reeves (W.), The Culdees of the British Islands, Dublin 1864 ( Trans. RIA xxiv ), Stokes, Fél. Introd. xxvii f. ; Mon. Tall. 122 - 3 , Rule of Tall. ainmne ilao ┐ in naidchi ni longe colonge celede remut no fer fa sruithiu, Reeves Culdees 145 (Life of S. Findan). lasna celiu dé, Mon. Tall. 142.26 . Óengus céle Dé, SR 8009 (see Introd. i, Fél. Introd. xxvii , Murphy Lyrics 188 and note). In follg. perh. monk, religious in general: tailcid dail dun, a cheliu de (sic leg.), Vita Br. 37 (of lepers. `O ye clients of God', Ir. Hist. Stud. i 131 ). forórcóngart for céli nDé día muintir (of Patrick), Trip.² 2325 . ní damsa a Gúaire for in céli Dé, LU 9660 . cunice aníu . . . nirom comhairmeadh-sa . . . etir celiuda Dé ┐ bhochta ┐ lobhrai, Lism. L. 1584 . a sruithe ┐ a céledha Dé friars (of a monastery), Hugh Roe² 32.25 . cind chéledh nde Cluana mic Nois, AFM ii 1040.7 . In transl. text of Indian Brahmans (see Reeves Culdees ix): nī do aittrebtaidib an betha frecnairc duinni . . . acht as celi De atancomnaic, Anecd. v 5. 18 (Alex.).

(c) Hence in nn. pr. of clerics: Céle Críst, Fél. Mar. 3 . Cele Dulaisi, AFM i 348.15 . Cele íosa, 422.6 . See Reeves Culdees 4 .

(d) Legal of the recipient of a fief (repaid in kind) from the `flaith' (lord), liege, vassal . See Críth G. p. 80 (`client', Vocab.). flaith ┐ a ceile, Laws v 480.14 . i taurchreicc c.¤ , Críth G. 252 . aire désa . . . deich céli leis, 330 . céle cháich i gcomhair a choimdhedha, Ériu xiii 20.2 ( .i. gilla, O'Dav. 387 ). tigernbhard as tigernasidhe cona dhibh célibh décc lais, 42.15 . ceili fuisidni . . . fosesedar flaith hi celi ┐ amos do, O'Curry 888 ( H 3.18, 396b ) (hence owing military service?). ní do-beir flaith dia chéliu, Ériu xvii 66 § 7 . iar n-airitin tra sét ar bes n-aircenda onaib ceilib dona flathib is ainm aigille donaib célib, Corm. 5 . céili drochluige `clients of (a lord of) bad oaths', Blathm. 256 . See doír, fáes(s)am, faísitiu, gíallnae, saer.

(e) fellow, companion (like the feudal Lat. comes, Irish Kings and High-Kings 28 ), ` opposite number', other one, neighbour (in N.T. sense): huadsom dia cheliu `from himself to his fellow', Ml. 59a15 . digail duthabairt forru amal aceliu `like their fellows', 80d4 . andugniat ar céli, Wb. 10c21 . mad cumme imned ácheli et aimned fessin, gl. alter alterius etc., 20c6 . nadecad indán doradad dó fessin acht dán ácheli gl. aliorum, 23c16 . foditiu fochide duib-si . . . gním pectho do bar célib `fellows', 25d8 . arnaérbarthar frinn anasrobrad friarceiliu `to our fellows', 33b16 . condernain hicutrummus frimcheliu that I should do as the others do, PCr. 2a2 . fer tailge a ceathra a n-athbothar a ceile `neighbour', Laws v 464.7 . co fuaratar a cele isind apdaine, Mon. Tall. 162.30 . gessa Lóch . . . amal a chéliu the others (i.e. those who had already been persuaded to fight Cú Chulaind), LU 6104 . luid . . . i ndegaid a cheli (i.e. Cú Chulainn after Lóegaire and Conall), 8828 ( FB 62 ). a chéli the other, MU² 999 (LU). a chéli . . . immuich, 977 . to-fil far céliu chucaib your adversaries, 968 . scorit a nneocho oc commor māna ┐ aba allandeas ūas dūn a chēle above the fort of the others, TBC-I¹ 630 (with fixed sg. masc. possess., see Stories fr. Táin Vocab. s.v. céile and (i) below). doneoch ro cachnutar a ceile reimib `predecessors', Laws i 24.7 Comm. ciped chia díb nomarbtha artús adigail diacheiliu, RC iii 183.8 . do badh é a ch.¤ c.¤ cleath Dor match, DDána 85.34 . amail a cceliu `like the rest', Hugh Roe² 190.2 . Rarely of things: in lomrad tar héisi a chéli a shearing for a shearing, ZCP viii 311.31 . docurethar in lia forru anair ┐ a chéli aníar ara cend another from the west, TBC-I¹ 1416 .

(f) With qual. gen.: do dhá ch.¤ cláir, DDána 91.39 expld. as `dhá chlár chosmhail', Vocab. c.¤ comairce naoimh `an attendant guardian saint', Keat. iii 1785 . ar a ch.¤ comhaoise his coeval, TSh. 2256 . ré a ch.¤ chomhloinn `opponent', TD 10.4 . ceile connmala an comtruim (panegyric of a chieftain), ZCP ii 349.31 . do nós mhná re a c.¤ cuil `her unlawful mate', TD 1.56 . fad ch.¤ cumuinn `thy lover', O'Hara 3216 . c.¤ sealga, IGT Decl. ex. 1104 .

(g) husband : amal tiagtae mná hua célib cofiru aili, Ml. 125a2 . céle más gl. maritus, Sg. 60a3 . céle ingine gl. generi, 100a6 . cen athcomarcc dia celiu without her husband's permission, Laws v 384.5 . a inchaib maic no chéli, Críth G. 484 . mac mná nad festar céle, Imr. Brain 26 . nīcon tērglansam-ni céli diar n-ingin, Fing. R. 391 . ni fhaienn cele la hingin dibh, Marco P. 102 .

(h) Rarely wife : bás a chlainne sa ch.¤ , Arch. Hib. i 98 § VIII . bai dh'imad cheiledh lais, Marco P. 156 .

(i) With more specifically pronominal force ( one , etc. . . .) the other : íroimed cách achéele per caritatem gl. suscipite uos inuicem, Wb. 6d4 . na tiubrad cách achéle gl. nolite frudare inuicem, 9d20 . ni derban cách a chele `neither hinders the other', Thes. ii 294 § 7 . co 'mmáromarba cách díb a chéli, LU 8085 ( FB 6 ). ag ár ┐ oirlech aroile ┐ a cheile, L. Chl. S. 18 . inber bud domni a cheili the deepest estuaries, CRR 25 ( LL 23010 ). nībo mōo in band oldās a chēle, TBC-I¹ 517 . With prec. prep. ascoir dochách guide dée liachéle `on behalf of the other', Wb. 7a13 . ainmne dochach fri[a] ch.¤ gl. supportantes inuicem, 27b17 . oc imchossnam techta ar thossaig cách ríana chéli, LU 8261 ( FB 20 ). do neoch díb sech a chéli, 9170 ( 90 ). ní cúis do dhul fá ch.¤ no reason to attack one another, Content. xviii 5 . noch dhlighid uile dha chéle `which they al ought to haue togeather', RSClára 134a . dealuighidh . . . ó ch.¤ = separateth, Proverbs xvi 28 . ubullchless án (= ón) méor co a chéli from one finger to the other, MU² 648 . ón chluais go ch.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 1376 . da gach cill ina cele, RC xiv 36 § 29 . 'gá cur don glún 'na chéle, CF² 540 . iiii la co ceile onwards, RC xlix 52 § 20 .

(j) In adverbial phrases. i ndáil a chéle towards each other Ériu xv 72 (78a) . i ndegaid, tar éis a ch.¤ one after the other, successively, gradually : i ndeguid a chele, Laws ii 84.2 Comm. a ndiaig a ch.¤ , Párl. na mB. 1591 . a bhfuair mé / d'easláinte d'éis a ch.¤ , Dán Dé xiii 3 . tar eis a ceile gradually , Rosa Angl. 10.3 . ar lorg a cheile in unbroken continuity (of the Faith), Luc. Fid. 5861 . le ch.¤ together, altogether, completely : le ch.¤ gur chaitheas m'aimsir, DDána 26.33 . doconncatar re céle sin `they both saw it', ZCP iv 324 ( BCC 102 ). fuairsead lé ch.¤ a g-crádh leam, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 380.7 . le ch.¤ is an chroch together with, DDána 21.16 . Cf. 99.21 . an t-anam araon / le ch.¤ is an chalann, Dán Dé ix 15 . cuirid 'na ch.¤ puts together, mends , etc.: an síodh cuirthior 'n-a ch.¤ a patched up peace, O'Hara 1279 . a chur ina ceile to put it together again (a broken sword), Grail 4045 . is amlaid cuirther cach ana chéli d'foghlachaib na h-aimsire `thus are the different divisions of time proportioned to each other', MR 108.7 . gan dá chonnsuine ar bioth do chur na ch.¤ d'ogham acht a ccurp comhfhocuil amháin that no two consonants should be assimilated to each other, IGT Introd. 3.3 . Note also: an clúmh ┐ an luaith do chor tréna ch.¤ to mix, TSh. 174 . ? suirghe do-chóidh 'n-a ch.¤ , DDána 40.25 . ó 'dchonnairc L. na catha ar ndul trí n-a ch.¤ saw the battalions become entangled, Ériu i 88 § 34 . in sluagh do dhul trid a cheile, AU iii 610.11 . as a ch.¤ asunder , TSh. 5696 .

cintugad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cintugad or dil.ie/9172

Forms: cintachadh

vn. of cintaigid. cintachadh, IGT Verbs § 106 . ? gan chionoghadh, Hackett² xlvi 3 .

(a) act of committing crime, sin : cintugud ferrdha do denum ria `to deflower her', Fier. 136 . gan cionthoghadh ré mnaoi fhir oile, Ó Héodhusa 178.14 . ciontughadh commór ┐ sin to commit so grave a crime, RSClára 118b .

(b) act of accusing, charging : do ciontugadh fhir thairce, O'D. 544 (H.3.17, 435). do nem-chintughadh aosa tairce annso exonerating, 545 (H.3.17, 435). déanam cionntughadh na colla, Dán Dé xix l. iarna chiontughadh féin dó, TSh. 9228 .

Med.: as eigin an sgamhan do chiontughadh uadha sin become affected, 23 K 42, 167.7 .

2 com-

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 com- or dil.ie/10555

pref. forming equative of adjj. See Meid, Beiträge 224 ff.

(a) With follg. FRI (later LA): comdhub fri h-éc a drech, Corm. 36 s. prúll = duibidir éc, Corm. Y 1059 (p. 91). fri athair fri Spirat naop / as oenta dho as comcaomh `he is their peer', Blathm. 197 . intí as chominmain lais fris féin whom he loves as himself, LU 2660 . is inad bad chomébind / ra les L., LL 6367 ( ZCP xxiv 142 § 54 ). corub comisel comorbo uasal fri hisel, O'D. 2231 (Nero A vii, 154 b). coimhédtrom riú, IGT Introd. 6.1 . gen co tainic oigh ris nar comglan Eoin `there never was virgin purer than John', BCC 430.23 . coimdhirech le múr, BNnÉ 65 § 97 . With ocus: ropo chomderg (dirggidir, v.l.) a haiged ┐ corcair líac L., Ériu iv 104.11 . ? ní comloma cnáimh ó choin / 's ó mhnáibh comhranna Í Ch., IGT Decl. ex. 1150 . Note also: ní frīth sinne uile commbuidech rīam cosirāir we have never been so grateful, BColm. 20.19 .

(b) Adj. as subst. with prec. poss.: ni raibi ríam a chomḟíal never was there so generous (a king), Metr. Dinds. iv 344.75 . nocon fhaca . . . a com-alaind, YBL 313b42 . a gcomhchuanna any as comely as they, DDána 114.19 . nat[h]air a comhgarg, RC xxi 396.31 . do comhog one as young as thou, ZCP vi 104.14 . a comhmór sin as many as that, BNnÉ 226 § 125 . Formations with nouns are given as separate entries.

(c) Often with partitive DI and/or follg. clause: a commaith do rígh, Stair Erc. 2240 . nír agair neach . . . a comuinnterdha . . . do aghair Eoin, Smaointe B. Chr. 3223 . do daingnigh si a comh-laidir sin annsa tribloid, co ndubairt si . . . , 3133 . lena chomhardso do sdaid bhethadh as go bhfoigheonmáois = with so high a vocation as to serue, RSClára 36b . ina chommōr so do mhéudughadh . . . ionnus . . . go mbethí infhedhma = in so great multitude . . . that . . . you shal be able, 143b . cofuilitt a comger sin co tollfadis mur doghendáis deilcgne, Maund. 14 . a comhsóghamail sin do betaigh, BCC 438.18 . Cf. an coímhghearr sin d'aímsir, CF Eg. 341 .

(d) With follg. noun in gen.: comhmaith an cheirt . . . , O'Hara 1209 . ni boi . . . comhmaith Conaill, MR 152.2 . comhmór na hÉireann do ríoghacht `so large a kingdom as Ireland', Keat. iii 86 . commór in áir . . . le combeg an tslúaigh, Expugn. Hib. 16 . comhonóraighe na hÉireann do chrích ┐ comhuaisle gach foirne d'ár áitigh í, Keat. i 76.39 .

(e) With follg. ocus and clause: as chombind la cach fer guth araile ┐ betís téta mendchrot men find each other's voices as musical as harpstrings, LU 7018 ( BDD 66 ). coimminic is chruinnighes an bhanab na sethracha as often as, RSClára 99b . bheith coimhimnígheach timcheall ghrás Dé ┐ bhíd etc., Donlevy 472.22 . comluath ┐ do glac sé é as soon as, BCC 104.11 . coimhmeinic is féidir leo `as often as they can' (with ellipse of ocus?), 478.18 . In Párl. na mB. in sequence: cómh maith ┐ do chuirios . . . is mar [sin] ēirghid, etc. just as . . . so, Párl. na mB. 749 Cf. 1255 , 1372 . With difft. conj.: gur gníomh ē cómh óirdhearc iondas . . . go madh chóra . . . , Párl. na mB. 61 .

(f) With ocus sin and follg. clause: deichneabhar . . . manach do-bheireadh a mbeatha comh cráibhtheach ┐ sin as go mbíodh aingeal ag labhairt lived such holy lives that . . . , Keat. ii 1891 . gur léigeadar an fhoghluim . . . a bhfaillīth comh mór ┐ sin, ionnas nách . . . , Párl. na mB. 2687 . nach beth aon aca comhdhána ┐ sin, as a laibhéorudh = that none be so bolde as to speake there, RSClára 101b . coimhchríonna ┐ sin, ionnus gomadh mó . . . , 84b .

(g) With follg. sin: na teccaidh comhgar sin . . . duinne so near, BNnÉ 218.3 . chomh-follus soin, TSh. 5453 . cómh láidir sin, Párl. na mB. 2084 . comhḟad sin, RSClára 73a . comh furas sin, Donlevy 418.26 . See 1 com-.

commar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. commar or dil.ie/11507

n o (see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 118 ) confluence (of rivers, etc.), assembly, meeting-place: comrecat 'con ch.¤ `at the Confluence', Metr. Dinds. iii 34.15 . commur mór, Fél. 208.32 . go roib comor gan cobha .i. co roibh eas abha gan ciaigh, ZCP xii 361.2 (B. na f.) = commor , ACL iii 310 § 4 . commor immar Milidach, ZCP xxiv 142 § 51 . i commur (srotha N. ┐ v.l.) srotha Tibir, CCath. 756 . ? rogabsat comur and (sic leg.) (of Aeneas sailing between Scylla and Charybdis), Aen. 139 . Ascription doubtful in: imain fo cumar cuan, Laws v 138.12 .i. in commor taithit cuana, 19 Comm. and: Ard C. ba comar cuan, BB 272a7 `meeting place of hosts', Leb. Cert. 90.6 = fa chomair chuan `for the use of troops', Leb. Cert.² 646 (see comar). Note further: comur n-gāire rochūala `a confluence of cries', MacCongl. 7.32 . ? aititiud cae gacha comuir uirfine ar a griun fadéisin, O'D. 750 ( H 3.17, 542 ). ? i gcomraibh cnoc `in the valleys between the hills,' Butler Poems 788 . Fig. ar commor moradbal (of Colum C.), LU 1189 ( ZCP viii 287.6 ). a commur gaíse `from a confluence of wisdom', RC xxvi 17.21 .i. asin baile a tá comimmad na gaíse, LL 24309 . commur flatha firinni a meeting with the true prince (in poem on Cainnech), RC xx 148.3 (ACC). Of parts of the body: com[m]ar srón, Metr. Gl. Ff. 40 . dar commur a chraes ┐ a bráget where gullet and throat met, LL 12635 . ? rosiacht coll do chombár and (in elegy), LU 6034 = do com bar, TBC-I¹ 1566 . In nn. loc. cath Commair, Metr. Dinds. ii 48.28 . Raith Chommair, Cog. 230.23 . See Hog. Onom. (Comar) ? In n. pr. Combor Mongfind banchōem de Alpa, Celtica iii 182.3 (Cobor, v.l.).

? Compd. oncomraind comorgruganaigh comordidanaigh caradgrecanaigh, IT iii 98.22 .

See compar.

commór

Cite this: eDIL s.v. commór or dil.ie/11527

adj (mór) equally, very great : do tri cathaib comra (comhmóra, v.l.), Cog. 66.12 . ina sciathaib coema commora, TTebe 2174 . cetra colamna . . . comora, Stair Erc. 1377 . Adv.: is com-mor is diles iatt to the same extent, Laws v 298.14 Comm. is commor do marbad ┐ do baided iad, Ann. Conn. 1342.8 . Subst. commōr do-beirmiss `equal amount', Ériu xix 78 § 5 .

commórda

Cite this: eDIL s.v. commórda or dil.ie/11530

ind ( commór ?): claiss credolla / ainglide commōrda, ACL iii 220.10 .

dál-ṡruthach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dál-ṡruthach or dil.ie/14449

adj o-ā. Of meeting streams: co Commor dalruthaig (: bánbruthaig) na Trí nUisce nuar, LL 8 b 38 .

do-fairget

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-fairget or dil.ie/17617
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: dofairget, toirgden, tarctait, toirg, targadh, targa, toirgiustur, targa[d, targad, targasa, targa[d]-sa, dofarcaid, do-farguid, dofairgi, targ(a)id, tarc(a)id, toirgid, rothairgid, targadar, do-fairges, tarcas, tairces, targas, tarcus, taircid, doaircend, dofaircenn, tafairg, ttaireoghuin, targus-sa, do-airg, rairccset, doraircsiter, taircced

v (*to-ro-ad-guid-, Bergin, Ériu xi 139 ). The deut. forms found are no doubt back-formations. Indic. pres. 3 s. dofairget, Laws v 272.9 . Cf. O'Dav. 655 . toirgden, BDD² 314 . ? 3 pl. tarctait, ACL iii 303 . Subj. pres. 2 s. (as ipv.) toirg, BDD² 322 (see Gloss.). 3 s. mana targadh biadh `was offered', leg. targa unless he offer (?), Laws i 220 Comm. Pass. s. dia toirgiustur , ib. Pret. and perf. 1 s. targa[d, Acall. 1986 etc. targad, MR 128 ff . targasa, leg. targa[d]-sa (?), 130 . 3 s. dofarcaid, Imr. Brain i 46 . do-farguid, Laws v 502.22 ( O'Dav. 979 ) = dofairgi, ZCP iv 227.10 . Usually targ(a)id, tarc(a)id. toirgid, TBC-I¹ 1336 . rothairgid, SR 2953 . 3 pl. targadar, Imr. Brain i 67 , etc. Pass. do-fairges, IT iii 36 n. 6 . tarcas, Anecd. i 47 . tairces, TBC-I¹ 2437 . targas, Ériu iii 162 . tarcus, Laws i 114 Comm.

Later as simple vb. taircid. Note also pres. 3 s. doaircend, Laws v 210 . ? dofaircenn, Anecd. v 26 n. 7 . ? tafairg, ii 122 Comm. Condit. 1 s. go ttaireoghuin , Luc. Fid. 319 . Pret. 1 s. targus-sa, BS 20 (§ 16) . 3 s. do-airg, Alex. 610 . 3 pl. do rairccset , AFM v 1360 . ? doraircsiter, Anecd. v 26 n. 2 . Vn. 1 taircsiu. IGT Verbs § 9 .

(a) offers, proffers: tairg tri damu dóib offer them, BDD §§ 33 , 34 , 35 . targa[d] dhō muinci sealga, Acall. 1986 . rothairgid Laban lán lōg | ar ingaire do Iacōb, 2953 . ? tuc dam th'ór is t'arget, | dāig rofairgged dam since you have offered (them) to me (?), TBC-LL¹ 3099 = mēd rotfairced (t later) dam, TBC-I¹ 2288 . dothairced cach dib a dáil offered (delivered) his judgement (?), SR 4521 (cf. YBL 292b34 , LB 122a2 ). ? ellgid sé saidhecht do neoch .i. dofaircenn imat toicthi, Anecd. v 26 n. 7 . ? tairr .i. arinni taircther ind cach biad all food is proffered (i.e. sent) into it, Corm. Y 1262 (do-airicc ?). targid cach ben díb lōg dam-sa, LL 229a33 . doairg A. lóg don choicait for cét táisech dodénad immthús dō, Alex. 610 ; 319 . uair nād ḟoēt uad a toirgid do because he did not accept his offer, TBC-I¹ 1336 . targaid . . . a thír cona thoirthe | ina coibche d'óen-mnái, Metr. Dinds. iii 300 . dofargaidh coícait torc dia ēisi, Dinds. 112 ( RC xvi 63 ). do tairgeadh bó aile dí da cind, Imr. Brain i 58 . ? dā trian a clain[n]e . . ., dā trian etha ┐ bleachta . . . tarced fri coir [fri] fairche | dhoibh gacha haidche Samna, BB 28b36 = taircced, Leb. Gab.(i) 104 . taircsed sīd ┐ cōrus ┐ comada do A., YBL 208a23 . targcaid Cíarān aentaid do Cholmán, BColm. 86 . targaidh . . . a mancine do B. ┐ ni rogabh inní sin, BNnÉ 41 . fleadh do tairged doibh . . . a tig Dommad, Cóir Anm. 77 = fl. do tairced . . ., SG ii 464 . nīr gapadh comha no cennach dar thairccset, Fl. Earls 64 . fear . . . dia ttarccus comhorbus Iae, AFM iii 18 . tarcas dō fa secht . . . a chert is a dliged his legal rights were offered him sevenfold, Anecd. i 47 . fer doaircend cert ┐ dlige, Laws v 210 (glossed .i. tairges). dia taircetur dlighedh do, i 88 , 86 . nir thairccset dál nā dliged, Leb. Gab.(i) 156 = ni taircsit, Lec. 25b13 . do thairg comhaidh uaidhe, ML 106 . tairgthear leath Eireann uait-si do C. let half Ireland be offered by thee, 62 . tairgthur leth Erend uathaib let them offer to surrender, Ériu viii 26 . tarcatar an ingin do C., Lism. L. 4174 . rothairg a ingen mur mnaī dó, ZCP vi 33 ; CCath. 1141 . targas doibh seoit ┐ maine ┐ nír gabhsat iat, Ériu iii 162 . do thairg sé airgead dóibh, Acts viii 18 . hi prím rucad Crist rontairc who offered himself, LB 247b49 ( KMMisc. 158 ). ben dofairget ar decmuic who offers (herself), Laws v 272 (glossed .i. tairgeas hi fein ar choibci ingnath, 276 ), cf. O'Dav. 655 . dofarcaid M. a réir dó di ṡétaib, Imr. Brain i 46 . d'egnuib (degnuíbh ?) iarthair dūisig domuin, | is dō tārctait to him (Patrick) they offer it (= make their offers) (?), ACL iii 303 . da tairgim uili amus forro if we offer (make) an onset, Aen. 2978 . nach tairgid coimhghleic, Ó Bruad. ii 230 . Folld. by clause, offers (to), proposes (to): tarcid C. dosom comrac do dēnam ris-seom, TBC-LL¹ 4655 . tairgidh A. tiachtain dō a comrac aenfhir frit A. offers to come and fight thee, Aen. 2764 . targadar do M. toidheacht lais do thabairt chatha, Imr. Brain 167 . Mág Suibne . . . dothairg Ó Domnaill do ghairm de O' D. offered him the title of Mac S., O'Gr. Cat. 386 . targid F. dó comad ris nobeith a port, Imr. Brain ii 294 . Perh. also: Iudas rotaircestair, | do Iudib rothrēgestair Judas proposed it (?), Lec. 345a16 . ? conā tucad nech co glē | cid no tharged dia-raile, SR (Greene) 2763 (perh. belongs to do-áirci).

(b) attempts, ventures: tairg ueith ullam 'na oirchill strive to be ready, Ériu v 138 . dia bréige d'adhradh ná tairg, Ó Héodhusa 125 . nā tairgedh aenduine aguibh cosaint do dēnum, ZCP vi 48 . nā tairgi[d]si cur ré tuicsin cumacht an airdrig do not attempt to understand, RC xxiv 384 = Ériu ii 146 . issed do thairgdis, slige nimhe do gabáil, RC xxv 390 . do thairg L. a dhenamh ┐ níor ḟét é, xxix 112 . annsa sligid do thaircc A. do réidhiugud, Maund. 237 . crēd fār thairc sē an fairce do siubal ina commōr-sin do sdoirm ?, BCC 230 . Note also: ro-fedar intí bad maith do do dul diantairgimis if we chose to send him (?), IT ii2 226 . gluaisis an inghen annsin | re hesccara Dē dūiligh, | nir taircc re dāil budh decra she never attempted a harder tryst (?), ZCP xii 382 . ? dothairced cach dib a dáil | do cech leith immon sanctáir, SR 4521 . Cf. do-áirci.

fáes(s)am

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fáes(s)am or dil.ie/21032
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: faesaim, fóesama, foesma, faesma, faíseamh, foesmaib, f., fáesam, f., fáesam, f., faesam, faesam, f., saíre, fáesam

u, o, m. (vn. of fo-sisedar. Cf. Mid. W. gwaessaf, gwayssav, Loth, RC xxxviii 300 ): g s. faesaim, BDD 162 (foesma Y). fóesama (for this form see Hessen, ZCP x 321 ) LU 4871 = foesma, TBC-I¹ 383 . pl. faesma, Laws v 48.20 Comm. n s. faíseamh (o, m.) IGT, Decl. § 28 (fáeisimh proscribed as incorrect).

I

(a) in lit. sense `standing under,' hence bearing up under, supporting (?): úair nach fóisam in lind, berim-se maccáem ... tarsi, TBC-LL¹ 1305 (`Fuss-Feste' Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 629 ; anuair nach roichther in linn la cách St); cf. bói C. forsin lind ... ┐ ni ba faesam cid si, TBC-LL¹ 1945 . Possibly an extended use: trustworthy, safe . In follg. ex. Dr. Binchy would see a metaph. use of the meaning adopting, taking into protection (see below): issi innfine i fintedaib griain a tir i fuissither; ar i[s] sruithiu la Feine in foesam andsen oldás a tir as a tairidnither, Laws iv 206.9 (glossed: f. .i. in línd, 208.17 ), i.e. the land in which water is collected in a standing pool or reservoir ranks higher than that in which it has its source. Here the four adjacent holdings are in the matter of water-rights likened to the four categories of affinity, viz. gelfine, deirbfine, iarfine and innfine. See ib. p. 166 .

(b) in the literature usually protection, safeguard: co nach fagbad foisam lat | cid do mac nothaesad fritt, Ériu ix 45 § 5 . is ... essamna mór do T. toidecht cen ḟaosam cen chomairche ina tíre, TTr.² 246 . faosamh .i. comairce, O'Cl. `faosamh' is cuime [ = coimge?] ... dhá ainm cumairce, Metr. Gl., Ff. 31 . luid epscop Erc do thig Ḟ. ... ┐ coṅgab in mac ina ucht, ┐ focheird a ḟoesam ┐ a oentaid fris (i.e. bp. E. placed himself under his protection. Cf. the parallel passage: gabh misi cucat amail mhanach ndilius, Lism. L. 3359 = suscipe me monachum tibi obedientem Lat. Lives 102 ), Fél. 132.25 . With prep. DE, FO and esp. FOR (AR), folld. by subj. gen. under the protection (of): for foísam ríg na ndule comairche nachanbēra [ = -mēra ?], Thes. ii 306 ( Hy i 53 ). cor marbad a ri do fáesam Bachla Issa while [i.e. in spite of being] under the safeguard of RC xviii 28.21 (Tig.) = dar comhairge na bachla, AFM 1109 . A. do marbad la T. ... do ḟaesamh na bachla Isu, AU 1015 . pl. in concrete sense: Cinaedh ... demersus est. ... di foesmaib degdoine nErenn ┐ comarbhai Patraic in spite of the guarantees of AU 850 . in cath bar th'oesam ┐ bar do chommairge, LL 176a43 ( CRR 38 ). iar marbad mac nUsnig for a ḟaisam ┐ for a chommairgi, TBC-LL¹ 464 . ba for a foesam boi Fergus F. was under their protection LU 1619 . is ed doroachtmar fort foesam sunn `'Tis for that we have come hither under thy safeguard' BDD 3 . co ndigset som uili ar m'o(e)sam-sa ┐ ar m'imdegail feib dochuadusa ar a faesam sun ..., TBC-LL¹ 941 . rogab indala n-ae for foesam mBuidb ... gabais araile [for] faessam Ochaille placed himself under the protection of Dinds. 57 . Cf. dia ngaba for faosum `wenn er unter den Schutz gekommen ist' Ir. Recht p. 51 . gur bhó heiccen dona bárdaibh tocht diairm for faesamh an Iustís, AFM vi 2272.1 . ar fhaosam nó ar ionchaibh Íosa, TSh. 2716 . do muirbfedh ... fer ar faosaomh bfer talman would slay a man (even though he were) under the safeguard of everyone ZCP xiii 12.19 . Freq. in ellipt. optative sentence: for a [ḟ]óessam dún innocht may we be under His safeguard Hy i 2 . ar th'faosamh dhamh, a Dhé..., Aithd. D. 73.1 . for a foísam dún ar talmain, LL 364 marg. ( Mart. Tall. 122 ). for foessam duit na saille !, MacCongl. 83 . Less freq. with obj. gen.: ced ná ro nass do foessam-su forsna maccu? why were not the boys pledged to protect you? LU 4894 . téit cosna maccu cen naidm a fóesama [foesma Y] forru, LU 4871 . do chor th' aesma ┐ t'imdegla for in maccraid, TBC-LL¹ 881 = do comairci St. can chur a fáisma foraib, 911 . geib-siu fort faesam na macraide, 944 . O. rogab fóesam ḟír-Ḟoebair | oc Síd B. ... fo frith fóesam do R. O. undertook protection of R. Metr. Dinds. iii 272.38 (cf. Dinds. 57 , above). cuirim m'ḟaosamh ar a ḟuil I entrust myself to His blood Ir. Monthly 1928, 439 .

(c) legal uses. In Law texts f.¤ is common in the meaning protection: ni techta nach foessam ar na tegat ratha fine no `f.¤' is lawful which the sureties of the family do not warrant Laws iv 206.17 . ni bi acraidi faesam (nocha bi acra ... don ti bis ar foesam neich) `no person who is under protection is qualified to sue' [can be sued ?] i 102x (104.24) .

The maxim: cach faesam co fognam, Aib. Cuigni 54 ( ACL iii 227 ; ZCP xvii 56 ) is obscure, and has not been found elsewhere. cisa Mumhan ... do Chaisil ... cach bliadhna dobearar .i. smacht ┐ biathad ┐ turgnumh [turtugud v.l.] ┐ faesamh, Leb. Cert. 60 . nocha nuil eneclann na faosam do he has no honor-price or power of protection (Binchy) Laws ii 24.4 .

Sometimes a different meaning is implied: in the following legal expressions the original meaning seems to be acknowledgment (cf. coibsena .i. confessiones .i. comfaesaime, Thr. Ir. Gl. 11 = chomfaoisitin, Corm. Y 292 , and see fo-sisedar): aicc macu hi foisam do raithe frisin fiach so find sureties for assuming thy guarantee of this debt Bürgschaft 28 § 76 . cf. luid iarum i mMumain co ndeirgene foesam a ingine fri (nō for) Oengus. dobert iarum Oengus ferann do mac a ingine, Rawl. 119a26 = co M. do cuinnighid faesam [sic] a ingini for Aengus, BB 121a37 . ro chuindigh ... faosam a ingine for Aonghus, LL 381a24 (Oengus was the father of the girl).

In the sense protection, privilege , `f.¤ ' is found in connexion with entertainment of the lord and (or) his followers, and in connexion with distraint, seizure of cattle for unpaid dues, etc. "`fáesam' often denotes the immunity from legal process which a person of high rank confers on an inferior, usually a client (céle), who has entertained him and his retinue in accordance with the obligations of clientship. This immunity lasts for a certain period after the departure of the protecting person, whose status determines the duration of the `f.¤ ' During this period the `protected' person has `saíre' (= `f.¤ ' from his point of view) i.e., no legal claims which others have against him may be enforced by the process of distraint." (Dr. Binchy). In these passages the phr. `facaib f.¤ fair,' etc., is common. The meaning is evidently `leaves' (i.e. `confers, bestows on') though the translation `relinquish' often appears in the published Laws. The use in connexion with stay of seizure may be the origin of the later sense relief in illness, passing of the crisis, see II below. A satisfactory definition of this legal `fáesam' would involve a concurrent discussion of the terms `comairce, snádud, turtugud, turbaid' and `saíre,' some of which are often equated with `f.¤ ' by the commentators. All that can be done here is to quote a few passages illustrating the usage. See Ir. Recht 73.1 ff . turtugadh ... ré fedh urgnamha in bidh ┐ comairche in aired bes a caithemh a mbaile ┐ faesam ... iar fagbail in baile, uair is a n-ecmais nech bís a faesam ┐ ina coimitecht bis a comairce . amail atbeir a n-edgidh: .c.c. a caemachta .c. faesma a n-ecnairc, O'Curry 1386 (< H 3.18, 630 ). Here, as Dr. Binchy points out, the reference is to the `faesam' bestowed by the lord on his host while he is entertained, and for a period (see below) after his departure. But the note seems somewhat confused, as `comairce' regularly refers to an escorting safeguard. In the following version `comairce' is replaced by `turbaid': dethbir itir turrtugh ┐ torbaidh ┐ faosamh: in turrtugh .i. re ollmuithe an bidh . in turbaid .i. re a caithme . in faosam .i. iarna cathamh, O'Curry 2651 (< Eg. 88, 55b ). Cf. foesam .i. fo-sisithar tar crich, Ir. Recht p. 6 (no context). The lord, when he takes refection from the `céle,' thereby postpones any such impending seizure. While the meal is being prepared `turtugud' comes into force; while it is being consumed `comairce' (or `turbaid'); for a period after consumption and departure of the guest `faesam.' intí aca mbí tech, is fair facabar faosam, O'Dav. 999 . In some passages in Commentary `f.¤ ' is loosely equated with `turtugud,' e.g. throughout the Uraicecht Becc, Comm.: turtugud mīs dō (.i. mī a lānḟaesam bid ┐ fonadma), Laws v 46.25 ( 48.8 ; 50.7 ; 56.17 ). aenlā a t. (.i. aen-lā a lānḟ.¤ bīdh), etc. 58.16 (19) . athgabail tar turtugad cach duini bes tualuing a turtugad (.i. dar f.¤ cach duine is cuimgech f.¤ do gabail uirre), 256.31 (258.19) .

The time for which `f.¤ ' was valid varied with status (see last quot.): cred do beir cona commór faesamh ┐ turtugud ┐ dama fechta feile ┐ foluch n-othrusa do ri tuaithe ┐ mortuaithi ┐ nach commor enech what is the reason that the king of a territory and the king of a great territory are equal as regards `f.¤' and `t.' and followers on a free visit, and sick-maintenance, while their honour-price is not the same? O'Curry 1383 (< H 3.18, 629a ). faosamh na righ so .i. mi do righ tuaithe ┐ morthuaithe. tri caoicthis do ri tuath . raithe do rí cuicidh . bliadhain do ri Erenn, O'Curry 1260 (< H 3.18, 509 ). faosum na tri n-airech forgill .xx. laithe cechtar de na deisi si is taire . mi don fir is ferr, O'Curry 1261 (ib.). See also discussion on periods of `f.¤ ' in connexion with distraint, Laws i 100 .

Fractions of `f.¤ ' are referred to: masa lainbiathad cu fodnaidm, is lanfoesum fagabhar ara sgath . masa lain-biathadh cin fosnaidm ... is lethfoesum fagabhur ar a sgath, Laws ii 28.22 Comm. in t-ainmrainne don biudh ro caith curub é in t-ainmruinne sin don lanfoesumh fagbus ara sgath ib. 31 . miter foltaib .i. dus cia foessamh, in ōgh, in leth ... nō mitear ┐ rl. .i. in ndlighe foessamh etir ... nō ... in ndlighe fosister itir, O'Curry 510 (a fragment in H 3.18, 258 ; unfortunately the context has not been found).

If the guests fail to arrive, a fraction of `f.¤ ' is still valid: ca hait a faghbas [leg. fāgbhas ?] duine faosam fair budein ┐ a biadh do caithem dō ? ... an inbaid ro dáilestar dámh na tainic fechtus aile dia saigid, madh ro faillidhedar in dámh bodeisin, no mad docuadar re tosca deithbire ┐ ro chaithestar biadh, is a lethfaosam fagbus air, ┐ ise sin aon ina[d] isin mberla Feine ana fagbann nech faosam air ┐ a biadh budein do caithem dó, O'Curry 2448 (< Eg. 88, 36b ) = Laws ii 30x Comm.

The following refer specifically to prevention of distraint , i.e., seizure of cattle: a tabairt do snadud as tualaing a turtaigthi (.i. faesam d'facbail uirri, .i. crui) mad cen airis snaite, mad don snadud rongabthar asrenar log n-enech in snaite (.i. is uais ernither log enech fir in faesma don athgabail do lecon fon caill), Laws i 92.1 (98.13) . f.¤ sin tainic re re n-apaidh ┐ troiscthi, 100.1 . man ro airbertnaig a faesam cur gabadh athgabail de is anadh dechmaide ar in athgabail, 100.5 Comm. mas a n-aimsir lobtha [tainic in f.¤] nocha saorund ar fogelt na ar bleith na ar lobad hí, uair ni téit an faosam amach 'na deagaidh, ┐ téit in turbhadh, 102.4 Comm. cach baile atáit dá foesum no a tri ann, deghuidh i ndeghuidh tangatur na foesmhu ann, ┐ damadh i n-aínḟecht, nocha bia acht in foesumh bu sia . ┐ i bforbad ré anta táinic in foesam ann, ┐ dama[dh] re ré n-anta, isedh budh anudh di re ré in foesma uili, ii 102.15 Comm . mad ro urfaem in bidbaidh apadh, ┐ troscadh i faesam, cia no airberedh a faesam ria ngabail athgabala de, teit turrtughadh la fogail ann; is slan athgabail do gabail de, Laws i 98x . cf. téd turrtugh la fogail .i. téd an comairce deisim la fogail do denamh do mhuin na comairce ... no dno, téd de an turrtugh ┐ bí fair in faosamh, O'Curry 2441 (< Eg. 88, 36a ).

Cf. ní féith [ = féich ?] faosam fo chaoill .i. an faosam ar dibail ma ro thairmisc apa ┐ trosca, O'Curry 2650 (< Eg. 88, 55b ).

In some passages `saíre' and `fáesam' seem to stand for different aspects of the same process, e.g.:

Leath saire mad fuit notfuide neach fri fothugh[adh] tēchta (.i. leth foesum fagbus masa neach eile fuidhius uadh i[n]neach sin do caithiumh bid céilsine flatha) `Half free-quarters if another person sends [some] one upon lawful entertainment (that is, he loses one-half of protection if it be another person that sends him to consume the food which is due to the chief from his tenant)' Laws ii 26.16 . In H 3.18, 332 (reading: no da fuidhe) this is expld.: .i. leath faesam facbaith mad fuidet fuides neach iad do chaithem ineich na fothaigend co dligech biad celsine na flatha, ┐ leathfaesam no fuicfed fein for a ceile, ┐ isseadh facbaidh in coindem cuirter dia cathem fo aicned na flatha, fáesam imorro fon aicned [féin ?] facbaid in coindem for in flaith, O'Curry 682 . In Eg. 88, 36 , which gives of the text only the last four words, the commentary reads: .i. biadh ceilsine na flatha sin, ┐ in flaith do chuir a dam [feachta] fele da caithem, ┐ faosamh na flatha do facbail doibh ar in ceile, ┐ a lanfaosamh do facbail dona damhaibh ar in flath fo aicne [fon aicniudh budein ..., Laws ii 28 ] ar ise tuc biadh doibh . Ocus is ann sin ataitt da faosam a dualgus aonbidh, O'Curry 2446 (also Laws ii 28.1 ff . with slight verbal variants). `saíre' in this passage surely = exemption ? On the same page it is 6 times rendered "`saire'—exemption." See also footnote on p. 18 .

In these passages `saíre" apparently = the exemption due to the presence of `fáesam.' Cf. also fír faosma fosearnathar saire, saoire biata, saoire foghnuma, saoire faosma do cach fo miadh miter cach coir cirt, O'Curry 2443 (< Eg. 88, 36 ) = Laws ii 20.15 , where the rendering of the text, fir foesuma `true protection' cannot be right. Leg. fri faosma (or -am) fo-sernatar, etc., exemptions are arranged according to protection ? ni tuaslaige nach saire no nach faosam bes isle agra bes uaisle enech .i. ... ní is mo na logh enech fir in faosaim don athgabail do legan as re ré in faosaim in inbaid is dar an fis faosma i n-ecmais ro gabadh an athgabail .i. lubra ┐ bidh, ┐ fonadma, O'Curry 2657 ff . (< Eg. 88, 56 ). ni fil saire fri dithim iar n-eagar. ata imorro turbuidhe ┐ faor ┐ faosam, O'Curry 2728 (< Eg. 88, 61 ).

(d) Attrib. gen. :

cēle faesma (foissmad LB) a tenant under the protection of his lord Corm. Y 532 (see ZCP xv 247 and cf. faísitiu). cele faesma .i. in cele faoismither [sic leg.] ac neach, O'Dav. 1327 . Of taking into protection, adopting: seoit foesma the `seds' paid for the admission of children of doubtful origin into the `fine,' apparently to the more legitimate children whose shares in the family property might be diminished thereby: conic in t-athair mac na mban aititin do gabail re re budein cen fír ┐ cen ṡeotu foesma ┐ nocho roindind se dibaid in athar iar n-ēc an athar ris na macaib aile co tuca seotu faesma dona macaib aile, ┐ fír da mberait amarfis fair. Na huile meic taide uile conic in t-athair a ngabail re re no iar re cin fír, ┐ nocho coinig cen seotu faesma, ┐ inti no berad dibaid an athar otha na mic taide amach curab e beris na seotu faesma rl., O'Curry 702 ( H 3.18, 338 ). mic na mban taighe, ce nogabhta a oen no dedhe dibh docum na fine co fīr no co setuibh faoesmha, ma ro forbridar co bfuilet coimlín fine is ecin fīr Dē anosa dia fastadh, Laws iv 294.5 Comm. (of certain classes of women :) Ni berat comperta for fine .i. nocha berait ini comairbertnaigter uathuib for in fine can fīr ┐ seotu faosma leo don fine amach, v 276.25 Comm . cain-berad meirdrecha ... .i. is taitnemach berait na mna is merdrech in ní donither riu i lanamnus ... acht co tucait fīr ┐ seoit faesma leis .i. a altram do denam di, 452.24 Comm .

cin log faesma (.i. cen log ar a faisitnighudh .i. secht cumala), 456.23 (of admission of illegitimate sons to tribe). i taidhe dorinnedh na mic so ... ┐ fior ┐ seotu faosma doberaid lais dia fastadh for in athair amach, O'Curry 2236 (cf. 2235 ). cor faesma `a contract of adoption ' Laws iv 60.13 (.i. in cor curtar risin mac faesma an fine `a covenant which is made with the adopted son of the tribe' 62.3 ). mac fáesma adopted son : in cutruma bias o duine do mac faesma du geilḟine no do deirbḟine ar dénum a gaire ... uair nugu roich in trian no in leath cu cóir acht re macc faesma d'anḟine, O'D. 2255 (< Rawl. B 506, 20a ). fine taccuir .i. na meic foesma `adopted sons' Laws iv 288.14 . fine taccuir issede domberat cuir bel a foessam `who give verbal contracts in adoption' Laws iv 284.16 . `mac fáesma' is distinguished from `dalta': dighail daltadh na fine .i. dalta coitcenn na fine, ┐ dighail fir foseisiter fine .i. dighail in ḟir ḟaoismighes in ḟine don ghaire in tseanorach .i. in mac faosmadh, O'Curry 391 (< H 3.18, 219a ). in dalta ┐ in gormac ┐ in mac faosam [leg. —ma or —aim] eneclann dleghaid in fine ina marbad sen ib. See Thurn. ZCP xiv 371.27 . aitire fáesma a supporting guarantor (?): the guarantor of acceptance (?) (dist. from a. luigi and a. nadma), Bürgschaft 22 § 64 . caide aitire foisma ? fo-sisithar side smachta dam in fasach sin, 25 § 68 (passage corrupt, in Thurneysen's opinion). fath faoisimh (ni fáth fáoisidh v.l.) `cause of protection' BNnÉ 249.15 . Cf. co bér breth for ḟáth faosmha, fer fotha ... fer faosmha, fer foghnamha, Ériu xiii 16.12 (expl. : faesamh .i. foghlaim ut est co ber breith for fátha faesam [fath faesma v.l.], O'Dav. 859 ) = cotober breth fo[r] fath faesma ib. Ériu xiii 59w (< H 3.18, 207a ). cis lir ó ndleghaid filidh faosmha raith ? easpuicc righ saoi, file fireon ..., Ériu xiii 34.9 .

II In Early Mod. Ir. relief, assuagement (cf. the use in c above which sometimes approaches the meaning relief), esp. recovery (from illness): fiabhras ar nach foil faoiseamh 'a fever for which there is no relief', Celtica xxvi 98 § 13 . an tan gheibhid na heasláin faoisiomh, 23 K 42, 19.1 . a ttosach an ḟaoisiomha, 20.15 . an uáir fúair sé fáoiseamh = when he began to amend John iv 52 . gan fortacht gan faoiseamh, Keat. Poems 1585 .

fíadan

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fíadan or dil.ie/21904

Forms: fiadain, —áin, fiadh

also fiadain (—áin). See Ériu xiii 136 .

adj I Wild, uncultivated, untamed: gid fiadan gid cumra (of fruit-trees), Laws iv 170.10 Comm. glas fiadan wild herbs v 474.17 Comm . commor re huball fiadhan, RC xviii 297.28 (Tig.). uball fiadain, MacCongl. 49.14 . ubhla fiadhain, AFM ii 804.7 . an gabhar fíadháin wild goat Deuteronomy xiv 5 .

n II Savage state; wildness: ní cás gan a cairsi ar fíadhain | nír ḟás tairsi fíaghail fós, IGT, Decl. ex. 606 . dochuadar a bfíadhán (of cattle), O'Cl. s.v. fíadhaighis. Concrete, game, prey: ro coiscestar ... in coin da fiadhain hindered the hound from his prey O'Curry 1701 (< 23 Q 6, 14 - 15 ) = fiadh O'Curry 1700 .

fochloc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fochloc or dil.ie/22457
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: -uc, -ug, fochlocan, fochlocc, fochlog, focluc, fochloch, ḟocluic

n (-og, -uc, -ug) (a special use of 2 fochluc, UR 44 ) o, m. (earlier n-stem ? cf. fochlocan) a poet or `fili' of a lower grade, for whose qualifications see IT iii 112 , 115 ; Laws i 46.1 Comm ; v 26.25 , his specific metre was the `dian'; he was allowed two attendants; his reward for a poem was a heifer (samaisc): his honour-price varied according as he was the son of a `fili,' or not, or was `innraic' or not; also according to the status of his patron (`rí túaithe' or `rí Érenn'). ( v 116 App .). His `díre' equalled that of `flaith' or `eaglais,' Ériu xiii 32.11 . His protection extended to five persons: doeimh Fochlog fíorchoiger, 33.13 , sē grādha filedh ... .i. fochloc, macfuir[m]edh, etc. IT iii 97.1 (cf. Ériu xiii 32.11 ). glamh in ḟochloic , ib. IT iii 97.14 . f.¤ [fochlocon LB] nomen grāid filed, Corm. Y 587 (where the word is connected with fochlocán or fochlocht, cf. Laws iv 360.7 ). fochlocc, Laws iv 356z . fochlog, Ériu xiii 32.11 . tricha [scél] la fochluc, Laws i 46.1 Comm. focluc, O'Mulc. 537 . fochloch, ZCP v 499 § 7 . foclucc (... focael og he, og a dan ┐ og a log), Laws v 26.28 Comm. in fochlucc, samhaisc a einecclann, ┐ samaisc log a aiste, ┐ is iat sin [viz. ollam filed ┐ fochlucc] in dias is commór einecclann ┐ logh aiste, ┐ oc righ thuaithe atait and sin, etc. O'D. 1214 (< H 2.15A, 84 ). Laws v 116 . má fuaras uait ... aiceacht is mé i n-aois ḟocluic `when a novice' Content. ix 6 . Cf. bud ead fochlucc bruinde bias fo dheoid and S. ingen E., YBL 329a22 (misprinted fothlucc and rendered 'opener of the womb' ML 154.1 ). v s. a ḟocluic ! xxii 29 .

immechtar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. immechtar or dil.ie/27819
Last Revised: 2013

n o, n. extremity, outside, end: imechtar .i. forcend, O'Dav. 1085. cimas a cima .i. im[m]echtar lignorum , O'Mulc. 226. oicsi du imæchtur talman gl. prope in ultimo terrae sitae, Ml. 78c2 . a mmedón in domuin ... ┐ assa immechtraib gl. intus et foris, Tur. 72. i n-imechtur in dúnaid, LU 5535 (= a n-imechtair, TBC-I¹ 1053 ). drochet ... ard a medón isli a dá n-imechtar, LU 2149. co tugdais leo gabla oir asa n-imechtair, BB 497b27 . ro ṡínset ... do techt i n-imechtur Espaine `they set out to march into the outskirts of Spain,' CCath. 2391. loch Lephind do shoúdh hi fuil, atar la cách com bo páirte cró amhail scumha a imeachtair `so that it appeared to all that it was particles of blood like lights [of animals] externally,' AFM i 502.1 .

In phrase cuing immechtair outer yoke (of oxen yoked in ploughing): sithremir cuing n-imechtair cechtair a dá lurgan, BDD² 350. an t-uaithne ba lugha díbh ba commór re cuing n-imeachtair, Acall. 1300. mar cuing n-imeachtair | rothuill mallachtain, BS § 45 (here stands for `outer ox ... (who) had to bear the brunt of the work and of the blows,' Ed.'s note). i.¤rind all around the outside (?): inmechtarrindi gl. canti , Études Celt. xxii 217-18 .

immitecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. immitecht or dil.ie/27875

n ā, f. (imb-in-techt) act of wandering about (in nomadic fashion) ?, ranging a territory ? : cain fri feda ┐ aes imitechta tar crich transltd. `transgressors of the boundary,' O'Dav. 1002. cuig airnile saerus fer nimitechta ar thighradhus na ninnile .i. cliath tascar do iadha[dh] riu, no berna do iadha[dh] riu, no cuibhrech in mil mana fetar a fasta ..., O'Curry 1714 ( 23 Q 6, fo. 17b ). ma ro bai [in mil] aidhthe acu (mad ro faoidhi aoidhchi ogaib v.l., O'Curry 2329 (< Eg. 88, fo. 25b )) ┐ do licset uathaib iar sin is aithgin inn, ┐ is do aes imtechta (sic) a cein fil sunn nomads from afar ?, O'Curry 1715 (<ib.). bla dam damgal, ocus imidecht, ocus imairgnechus, ocus arathar transltd. `in being driven,' Laws iii 266.13 , glossed .i. cid ar imtecht beid, 17 Comm. is aire do berar cetharda isin damh ar a beannachadh a recht, ┐ do gní imitecht ┐ imurcor don popal de dairi ┐ dithne na bú, O'D. 659 (< H 3.17 , col. 489 ) (? i.e. the possession of oxen facilitates wandering about). ? gell nimidechtad ... gell nimidechta ... Imidechtad cen imarach amuil irrub airtt (no rogart), O'D. 2215 (< Nero A vii, fo. 148a ). ? fretech, tagra occus imideacht im astad ai, Laws i 266.15 . forimtecht digla `setting out to avenge,' v 296.18 , glossed .i. fir-imitecht do, re digail an grisa n-imdergtha doberar air, 298.2 Comm. is éraise in rét in tserc | téit a héol cen immitecht, LU 3966 (Thurn. would translate `ohne Säumniss,' `ohne Umwege,' `direkt,' see SCC² p. 59 n. 147 ).

Smacht immitechta is glossed .i. urcraidi dála, ( O'Curry 1440 (< H 3.18, p. 643b )) `a fine for non-attendance at court ,' Plummer MS. notes, (? the absence from court in the case of smacht immidechta being due to the subject's nomadic life) : cach duine-caithe dosli cumul, cúic seoit a smacht imitechta, Laws i 270.11 Comm. cadead smachta athgabala ┐ imidechta a corus ae ? ... smacht imidechta im chinta ... nach cin cethra fofechar a mbruighrecht ... Bo a smacht imidechta otha .u. seotu go rigi da trian cumaile, O'Curry 1023 (< H 3.18, p. 431b ) (? i.e in the case of an offence entailing a fine of five `seds,' the extra fine for non-attendance is to the value of a cow). an commór atá an smacht urcraide dála o na cennaib ┐ o na meamraib. Ni commór itir, mar adeir bretha nemhid ar nis cutruma imitechta na fuigell .i. ni toibhgither smacht dona cennaibh gini toirsit a ndáil acht gabait im a riaraibh con do tisat frithriara provided they accept its rules until counter-rules come to them ?, O'Curry 1440 (< H 3.18 p. 643b ) (? i.e. the extra fine is not enforced in the case of the leader of a band perhaps on the ground that it would be unreasonable to expect him to leave his company leaderless).

lesaigidir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lesaigidir or dil.ie/30002

Forms: lesugud, lesaigthe

v (1 les) In Mod Ir. texts sometimes also with palatal -s-. Used to express a wide range of beneficial or remedial action.

(a) is of benefit to, improves : ni bi cor nechtar da lina sech araile inge curu lesaigter a cumt[h]us `die ihre Gemeinschaftlichkeit fördern (ihr nützlich sind)', Stud. in E. Ir. Law 19.2 . dechmo-lesaidter eclais ┐ anmanda, Laws iii 38.10 . . . . lesaighes mh' ecclas immedhón ┐ anechtair, BNnÉ 128.6 . ro lessaig in tir tuaith, RC xx 170 § 28 (ACC Comm.). conid sé dororainn in chill .i. Raithin, ┐ ro ceachlaid a clod ┐ roleasaig cepaigh Cusantin `bettered,' Fél. 92.30 .

(b) remedies, repairs, makes good ; leiseóchar co dingbāla na díghbāla `any damage shall be suitably made good', Fianaig. 72.17 . ni fétar in chned . . . do lesugud . . . no co lesáigther (sic) a tanic esti d'ulc, PH 7646 . da mhéd do-genta do Dia nach leiseocha ris a fuair se do cumgach . . . , Smaointe B. Chr. 527 . mana lesaighedh A. re G. a easonoir `unless A. should atone for his insult to G.', Fier. 184 . nir lesaigh slicht Seain . . . na crecha ris an termann, L. Chl. S. 28 . do leasaigh an lámh do luit / críoch L.¤ `repaired', TD 32.78 . leasuigh clú do chumhthaigh `try to patch up the damaged fame of your companion', Content. xxiv 24. In moral sense, amends, corrects : lessaiged anmain `let him improve his soul', Tec. Corm. § 1.42 . níros lesaigset ┐ níros cairgetár imó pecdaib, LU 2208 ( FA 28 ). leasaigheadh tríun .i. na boicht do neartughadh in a gcúiseannaibh, O'Cl. lesaigit a n-ulcu . . . tria sualchib, LU 2383 . uair nach cumaing áine . . . do dénam . . . co ro lessaige tri almsanuib na peccaid nách lessaig tria áine, PH 4991 . no llesaig . . . a chain-duthracht in nech ic nach fil almsa, 4973 . muna leigister ( ? leg. leisigther) le sgiursi Dia abus tu daimeontur tall, Smaointe B. Chr. 926 . cuirthear . . . as an órd . . . na dáoine dosmachtaighthe . . . muna leasaighid íad féin, Rial. S.F. 533 . leasuighid bhur slighthe `amend', Jeremiah xxvi 13 . lé fírinne leasuighthear an éagcóir `iniquity is purged', Proverbs xvi 6.

(c) tends, looks after, rears (children, the sick, etc.): cia rot-lessaig Midir mín / sunn for messair macc [na] ríg, Ériu vii 225 § 44 . cométam in mac, dús in lessaigfe in cerd é, ZCP xii 273.25 ( LL 14630 ). lessaigfid mo chrí / in saer-denmaid domrigní will look after, SR 2059 . do lesuighedh go maith le Meidhbh iad iar sin, no gurbo hionghníomha iad, Comp. CC 72.17 . ticeth . . . in ingin cach dia d ḟolccath dó ┐ do thinme a chota, ┐ ro (leg. ra) lessaig ind ingean commór , IT i 125.23 ( TE 11 ). is iat ros lessaig co nerbailt, LL 1664 . is he Cormac roleasaich galar Aengusa, Irish Texts iii 7.27 . uch, uch, is mairg do lesaigh lé hiomad sóigh an corpan sin doibh, RC xxiii 10.13 . no lesaiged na caerchu, Three Hom. 58.14 . in maith lesaiges inn óg in áirge?, 60.z .

(d) provides for(?): nolesaigfed leth in domain tech dia thaigib, Metr. Dinds. iv 108.10 . conad de nolesaighdis na manaig na háighidh (of a tree), Lism. L. 2679. Cf. is cingit an liach dia lessaigther in laec[h]biad is served(?), O'Mulc. 768.

(e) Of objects, literary works, etc. preserves, cherishes; perh. also improves, embellishes: fo glere ros lessaig Dia / for slessaib slebi Armenia (of the Ark), SR 2603 . iss é ro scrib ┐ ro lesaig na scela so, LU 2315 . toradh in mara .i. lesaigther fri salann `which is cured with salt', BCrólige 25 n. 4 . ro leasuighset a corp an ccein ro batar for muir, co ro adhnaicsiot ieromh, Leb. Gab.(i) 250.5 . cid maith in senchas forstú / ní leasaigther la Laigniu / ní coimétar la Leath Cuinn `is not cherished . . . is not preserved', Leb. Cert.² 280 . leasaiged Sealbach in saí / . . . / sochar Muman . . . / amal forácaib Benén, 307 . lessaig mo laid im lige `preserve my lay when I lie low', Metr. Dinds. iv 334.85 . in berla . . . ro leasoig Gaoidel glanglic, Auraic. 2288 . ar a mhed do filidecht ┐ do bhreathemnus ┐ do leighend do leasaig, 2634 . rath . . . for cach n-ōen not légfa ┐ not lessaigfed `who would read it and preserve it' (of the Aislinge), MacCongl. 109.13 . Leacan Meic Fhirbhisigh . . . baile ar leasaighiodh lebhair airision, Hy Fiach. 166.21 . is é an tógláchso do leasaigh ┐ d'fhaisnéis a n-imtheachta, Atlantis iv 142.30 . dia mbed tiruairsi de lessaigter co leir let them be carefully preserved (of the Passover lamb), BB 240a31 . leasaighthear libh léine an ríogh / a bhantracht, Aithd. D. 3.1 . imidh ┐ leasaigh mo theach fēin, atá dā sgrios, Beatha S. F. 297 . sé blíadhna leiseóchus tú th'fíneamhuin thou shalt prune, Levit. xxv 3. do leasuigh . . . an seingheata repaired, Nehemiah iii 6. Vn. lesugud. Part. lesaigthe.

maigden

Cite this: eDIL s.v. maigden or dil.ie/31311
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: maighdean, maighdena, maighdiona, mhaighdin

n ā, f., (< Eng. maiden). maighdean, IGT Dec. § 12, p. 62 . A maiden, and esp. a virgin: is commor a nguide na maidine ┐ mna in fir posta, H 3.18 p. 116 ( O'Curry 220 ). maideana ... da cineóluib na n-uasalEbrach ar aen ria 'accompanied by ... maidens of noble Jewish families', Ev.Inf. (LFF) 171 § 23 . a mhaighdean Israel! (= virgo), TSh. 1617. ionnus nach smuaininn ar mhaighdin (= de virgine), 7966 . pl. maighdena, Maund. § 206. maighdiona, Psalms xlv 14. do mhnaibh, do mhaighdenaibh, AFM vi 2012.14 . Muire Mhaighdean, IGT Dec. § 126. dochum na naomhmaighdine Muire, Parrth. Anma 74.10 = na naomhmhaighden, Luc. Fid. 39.21 . Mac na Maighdine, TSh. 8037. Transf. of men: duine pósta . . . nó duine maighdine . . . nó duine aontumhadh . . . do bhí Peadar pósta ┐ Pól ina mhaighdin ┐ Aindreas ina aontumhadh (i.e. wedded, virgin and continent?), Eochairsg. 72.36 . triar . . . dias ina maighdenaib díbh . . . ┐ aroile genmnaidh, D IV 2, 70vb37 . ro badur [Ádhamh ┐ Eua] ina maigdinaibh aga n-innarbad a Parrdhus, 42vb6 . As adj.: a shúil mhall mhaighdin , IGT Dec. ex. 1224.

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