Search Results

Your search returned 18 result(s).

am(a)ires

Cite this: eDIL s.v. am(a)ires or dil.ie/3067
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: amaras, aibres, amharas, -aires, -(a)is

n ā, f. (1 ires(s)). Later m. ( LL 284b7 ). Also amaras, and in mod. lang. amhras, aimhreas (see GOI p. 104 and BBCS xxv 392 ). Note also aibres, Auraic. 61 . amharas, -aires m. (g s. -(a)is), IGT Decl. § 53 . See Éigse viii 147 - 149 .

(a) In O. Ir. lack of faith in theological sense (normally translated `unfaith' in Thes.). In later relig. contexts the same, religious doubt, etc.: arna tarta amiris . . . dond lobur hiressach `lest he bring unfaith . . . to the weak believer', Wb. 11b18 . tre amhiris, 28c13 . tre amairis, 33b5 . tóiniud niressach in amiriss, 26a5 . o hiris in amiriss gl. subuertunt, 31b16 . ho amiris gl. defedentia, 2c29 . fíal amirisse `a veil of unbelief', 15a29 . todlugud inna feulae conamairis nandatiberad dia doib gl. poscere defidendo, not believing that God would give it to them, Ml. 97d10 , 13 . a.¤ rod ngab (i.e. when asked to perform a miracle), Trip.² 2327 . crecht na haimirse bói hi menmain Tomáis, PH 6734 . do thochuiredh gentiu a n-iris, de indarba Iuda in hamiris, Hib. Min. 10.325 . ind eire[te]acht ┐ ind aibres (a.¤, v.l.) dorigni neach i n-aigidh na firindi diadha, Auraic. 61 = an aimiris, 2349 . ecna cen amaros, Acall. 3720 . na dénaidh amurus ar Día a dáeine, RC xxiv 377.8 . beag nach usa an t-amharas, Dán Dé xiv 19 .

(b) Hence lack of belief in (a person), suspicion: ma dia rucar amarus fair if he be suspected, Laws v 158.29 Comm. = ruga[dh] aimiras air gurab tre comraite dogne, O'Curry 1771 ( 23 Q 6, 37 a_b ). da ructha aimerus orra, O'D. 576 (H 3.17, c. 443). ionnus nach biadh amhras cáirdeasa nó míocháirdeasa . . . isan scríbhinn (= neque suspitio gratiae sit neque simultatis), Keat. i 56.11 . croidhe ar nách cóir amharus, TD 17.52 . Perh. also: ná déntar orm amorus `let there be no mistrust of Me', Ériu iv 116 § 27 .

(c) In general sense of doubt, disbelief, incredulity: ferr astud amaires, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 15 = ferr astad aimirse, RC xlv 86 = aimiris, Anecd. iii 19.20 . ? dligid etche aimiris, BB 64e33 = d. ēitge amsir, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 17 ( Anecd. iii 14.24 , RC xlv 71 ). ? dilgud bemi ecnaid ar Dia ┐ amarus ar duilib, YBL 84b7 . urchur n-amarais a shot in the dark (by a blind man), CCath. 2189 . cúis amhruis a matter of doubt, Donlevy 318.17 . ? mar ḟer bfíadhaigh mé a Muiris / is é ag íarraidh amhuiris, IGT Decl. ex. 1350 .

In various idioms with verbs and prepp.: as eadh budh amhurus lium this is what I should feel dubious about, Prolegomena 44 § 11 . adbar rig Ulad cin amurus dia marad (of a prince), Ann. Conn. 1392.3 . mé gach éanlá i n-amharas, Dán Dé v 4 . cuiridh Íosa . . . a airdhe . . . san té thoghas / nach leicfe é i n-amhoras, Aithd. D. 37.3 . is an amhras i dtéid sibh / ar bhreith Aimhirgin . . . `the mistake you make as to the judgement of A.', Content. vi 8 . téid an t-éadtrócaireach i n-amharas ar Dhia, TSh. 1909 . gach ní ar a mbi amhfhoras aca everything they are doubtful about, MS. Mat. 576.26 . air mbeith dhúinn a n-amhras na fírinne `any thing we . . . even doubt to be false', Donlevy 72.12 . d'egla go gcuirfidhe amharas 'na bhás that his death should be doubted, Parrth. Anma 1524 . ní fhoil amharus agam gurab iad do ní . . ., Mac Aingil 2083 . 'gá bhfuil fáth amharais air / um ráth . . . gCobhthaigh `who has any reason to doubt his claim to C.'s castle', TD 17.58 . ? er .i. fīr ut est dilla er amiris, O'Mulc. 479 .

anfót

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anfót or dil.ie/3606

 

n o, m. (2 fót) inadvertence, negligence . Freq. as attrib. g s. (anfóit). Cóic Con. Fug. distinguishes between a.¤ lánfiachach and a.¤ lethfiachach, see below: coig anmand cinath . . . conlat ar andug . . . imraichne, anfot, O'Mulc. 456 . dilmuin cach anfot, Laws ii 2.4 . nī ale ēconn na anfot acht aithgein, ZCP xv 330 § 21 . eitged . . . tre comraite no eitged . . . tre anḟot, Laws iii 90.6 Comm. cinta comraitti ┐ anfoit lanḟiachaig intentional and unpremeditated crimes, Cóic Con. 17 § 5 . int anfot lethfiachach . . . is ed agurthar fuirre [i]nt anfoit lethfiach, 18 § 10 . a marbadh ina cintaib comraiti ┐ a chur ar muir ina chintaib anfoit, Laws i 14.10 Comm. tres a ndernadh iat, do comraite no d'anfot `by design or inadvertence', 146.9 Comm. fo comraiti ┐ anfot, v 470.2 Comm. risa fodlaither tre a.¤ do nech nac esceptaig uithir `against whom injury is done through negligence', BCrólige 17 gl. 1 . bidh cach i faitchius anfhoit, O'D. 2304 ( Rawl. B 506, 30a ). ris in coirpdire [a] nanfot, Laws i 176.18 Comm. coirpdire anfoit, ii 182.3 Comm. tre a.¤ feirge indeithbiri, iii 364.6 Comm. tre anfot feirgi dethbiri. O'Curry 2522 ( Eg. 88, 43(44)b ). cach n-aninraicc n-anfoit, ZCP xiv 346 § 7 ( Laws ii 236 ). isin ngúbreith anfóit ruc `on account of the judgement, false through carelessness, which he had given', Ériu xi 45.z . lia slúag ní fríth a.¤ , Fél. July 30 ( anfot .i. bét .i. ecóir, O'Dav. 82 ). a.¤ .i. anfaitchius ut dicitur . . . is de ata fót faitech ┐ anfot anfaitech, Fél.² cxiv § 30 (3) = Thr. Ir. Gl. 21.8 (Corm.). comhraite, anbhfót torbha ┐ easbha (list of legal offences), Celtica i 101.426 . Cf. anfot .i. nomen .i. ecoir, O'Curry 1388 (H 3.18, 630b). anbhfótt .i. ainbfios, O'Cl. fonopart tri anfōt, TBC-I¹ 905 . ? anfhod éiti don tsinnsear, Cog. 98.8 . is tacair duit . . . ni ḟorbara a.¤ do rád you would do well not to say anything indiscreet, LL 14559 . ní ha.¤ ní himmarba `it is not a rash saying', Metr. Dinds. ii 42.18 . ? fiacla cirí cleth icurghais / dar anḟot imteact fosdan / gablog imbi crostal craind, IT iii 101 § 179 .

as-ren

Cite this: eDIL s.v. as-ren or dil.ie/4479
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: asrenai, asren, isidren, adrén, -eren, -eiren, ascomren, iscomren, asrenat, asrenar, adrenar, -ereanar, ascomrenur, asrenaiter, -eirenaiter, -éirena(i)tar, adrenaiter, asrenad, asrentais, ernn, érnem, asria, asria, ascomra, as-comrae, -escomra, -escomrad, as-rethar, -escomrait[h]er, -escomriter, asriad, -escomradh, asririu-sa, asrire, asriri, asrirther, asrireth, asrir, asrath, ascomrair, -escomrair, ascomrad, -escomrad, eirnidhther, eirnither, isrenaitiur, asrenaigthar, ernifes, ernebha, ernebter, ēirni, érni, hērne, ernitir, asrin, éraicc

v (* ess-ren-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 597 ). See ZCP xvi 272 . See also under ar-ren, and GOI 508 . Indic. pres. 2 s. asrenai, Ml. 44a6 . 3 s. asren, Ml. 36a30 , 127a18 . isidren, O'Dav. 1526 . adrén, Ériu vii 154 § 3 . -eren, Laws iii 156.4 . -eiren, v 176.3 . With perf. -com-: ascomren, Críth G. 363 . iscomren, Laws v 340.z . 3 pl. asrenat, Sg. 27a2 . Pass. sg. asrenar, Laws i 92.4 . adrenar, ZCP vii 482 (Enchir. Aug.). -eranar, Laws iv 114.30 Comm. -ereanar, v 466.z. With perf. -com-: ascomrenur, Laws v 348.8 . Pass. pl. asrenaiter, O'Curry 566 (H 3.18, 282). Laws v 210.1 . -eirenaiter, BCrólige 1 . -éirena(i)tar, Críth G. 121 . adrenaiter, Corm. 9 . Indic. impf. 3 s. asrenad, Ml. 32b10 . 3 pl. asrentais, O'Curry 257 (H 3.18, 149b). Ipv. 2 s. ernn, Thes. ii 257.11 (? ernaid). 1 pl. érnem, Lib. Hymn. i 19 gl. 15 . Subj. pres. 2 s. asria, Laws iii 150.12 . 3 s. asria, Ml. 127a18 . With perf. -com-: ascomra, ZCP xiii 24.13 . as-comrae, Bürgschaft § 74 c . -escomra, O'Curry 987 (H 3.18, 424a). 3 pl. -escomrad, Tec. Corm. 34 n. 8 . Pass. sg. as-rethar, Laws ii 126.y Comm. With perf. -com-: -escomrait[h]er, O'Dav. 766 . Pl. -escomriter, Mon. Tall. 136.33 . Subj. impf. 3 s. asriad, Ml. 36a29 . With perf. -com-: -escomradh, O'Dav. 766 . Fut. 1 s. asririu-sa, Wb. 18a14 . 2 s. asrire, LB 261a70 . 3 s. asriri, Wb. 25b6 , Ml. 30c13 . Pass. sg. asrirther, Wb. 1c3 . Condit. 3 s. asrireth, O'Curry 2496 ( Eg. 88 40(41)c ). Pret. 3 s. asrir, Thes. ii 342.2 , 348.2 (Hy. v). Pass. sg. asrath, O'Curry 875 (H 3.18, 393a). Perf. 3 s. ascomrair, Laws v 348.6 . -escomrair, 5 . Pass. sg. ascomrad, O'Dav. 634 . -escomrad, Laws v 372.3 .

Prot. stem -éren (above) later replaced by érn-, see érnid, érnigid. Note also the follg. (in some cases stem érni-?): eirnidhther, BCrólige 1 n.6 . eirnither, 4 n.3 , 17 n.4 . isrenaitiur, asrenaigthar, Ériu ii 206 § 27 v.l. Fut. ernifes, LU 2663 . ernebha, O'Curry 1934 ( 23 P 3, 25 c ). ernebter, Ériu xii 80.y . Ipv. 2 s. ēirni, ZCP xii 292.12 . érni, ACL iii 230.z . hērne, 231.5 . 3 s. ērennat (leg. ērenath), ZCP xxx 11 . 3 pl. ernitir, Mon. Tall. 136.32 . Pret. 3 s. asrin, LL 333b32 ( ZCP viii 319.30 ).

Vn. éraicc and prob. also (orig.) éra.

Pays away (freq. as fine or compensation), expends, gives: ní asriad do feichemain rodligestar ní do, Ml. 36a29 . asriri dia dígail dar[an]ési, Wb. 25b6 . asrenat frecrae dond immchomurc `they render an answer to the question', Sg. 27a2 . cia rogonat doíni . . . in cóicer . . . ascomren aire échta tara cenn, Críth G. 363 i.e. the a.¤ é. can pay the legal mulcts for homicide to their kin, p. 71 . at[a]comren cia tacra cen air[r]ech cen airliciud, 398 `he is able to pay them over without (having recourse to) requisition or borrowing', p. 34 . mani thechta ní aschomra meren (leg. ní éren, ed.) do duiniu acht pennind `if he does not possess anything that he can pay (as fine) he pays nothing to man save only penance', Ériu vii 154 § 4 . ar as renar fo-fia for whatever is paid out he will get back, ZCP xi 85 § 39 . is ed as-rirtar (leg. -rirther, ed.) do de, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 63 § 32 . asren diabul neich ara troiscther aire he pays double that for which he was fasted upon, Laws i 116.15 . fer turgaire druith is é asren a cinaid . . . ar is é ag insin asrenar [comraiti] na comraite la fear asidrean, iii 156.5 . atait secht n-erca . . . asren a fine nad con tuillit slan na somaine cidhbe asdocomra, v 182.7 . na direanar do Dia, ni hereanar do duine, 466.z. asrirter, eirniter eiric ann isin torbach, iii 212.13 Comm. ni rig . . . do na eirenedar feich cana he is not a king to whom are not paid the fines of law, iv 50.23 . asreanidar tra na smachta dia treisi iar fogail, 104.23 Comm. a cumat isririth som . . . .i. a coméd . . . ro icfad som, O'Curry 392 ( H 3.18, 219b ). ise israiri as .i. . . . ise eirnis ni as, 230 (H 3.18, 725). imraicne ascomradh .i. . . . comeirnedh eiric, 1425 (H 3.18, 639b). ma asloat cintaig follongud (folongat v.l.) aitiri ┐ geullud ┐ esrenad (gellait ┐ asrenait v.l.) diabul do aitirip, Anecd. iii 24.16 . oenfiach adrenar nde, 22.21 . asrenair héricc már dossom ind, 58.3 . asren díre a grád dond eclais `he pays the fine of his orders to the church', Ériu i 218 § 4 . atrenat boin co n-uingi as cech urthobach, LB 259a24 . ni robrad nad eascobrad, BB 64a39 = imrobhrad nad escomhrad, Tec. Corm. 34 n.8 . ar asrire in mac a chinaid, LL 287b25 .

comaraite

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comaraite or dil.ie/10737

 

x see comraite .

comláithre

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comláithre or dil.ie/11399
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: comlāithriu

n (comláthar) d s. comlāithriu, Cáin Ad. 44 , 47 . `the position of a comláthar, the being an accessory or accom- plice ', Plummer MS. notes, ` accompliceship ', Cáin Ad. 47 , ` composition(?)', Tec. Corm. 2.19 , ` co-responsibility ', see s.v. etar-bí. guilt by association: da trian na dreme dorochair do nim is a cinad comlaitri dorochair. Is a cinad comlaitri dorochair Adam a parrtus ┐ nac miad dori[n]dnacht Dia do. Is a cinaid comlaithre dō in gles fil forna duilib. Is fo bith comlaithre dō na toracht int uasalathair atreb. Is f.b. comlaithre Achaib maic Acairind docer in .XXX. fer ara bruinne Seechim. Is .f.c. docer Eli sacart two-thirds of those who fell from heaven fell because of c.c. It was because of c.c. that Adam fell from paradise and every honour that God had granted him. The present condition of creation is due to c.c. It is because of c. that the noble patriarch did not attain to his dwelling. It was because of the c. of Achan son of Charmi that thirty men fell in front of Sabarim. It was because of c. that Eli the priest fell CIH vi 2122.18 , Peritia iii 416 . a neisce ┐ a comraite ┐ a comlaithre, O'Curry 1770 ( 23 E 26, 37a ). is fobith comlaithri na torracht an tuasal aithair atreib tire tairrngaire (of Moses, Numbers xxvii 14 ), 2540 ( Eg. 88, 45(46)a ). c.¤ lánfíachaib fis, lethḟíachaib anḟis, Tec. Corm. 2.19 . aní etirbí fīachu etirbí comláidre, Cáin Ad. 47 (see above). an tí dofeith biodhbhadha . . . . la comhlaithre doslisidhe fiacha amhail gach foghladhach aiding and abetting(?), Ériu xiii 35.14 . Freq. with cin: is furra ní téit cion na (= nā?) comlaithre céile deamuin (i.e. on the church), O'D. 2190 (Nero A vii 132b). cis lir for na tet cin na comlaithre . . . .i. ní fitir olcc forro .i. fer lethcuinn, 966 ( H 3.17, 679a ) = cin na comhlaithre laine, O'Curry 356 ( H 3.18, 197 ). cia len cin, cia lean comlaithre, cia len aebh, 1884 ( 23 P 3, 23 d ) .i. cia da leanann cin chomlaithre bidh ┐ leaptha, ibid. = cin na comlaitrigh, 2564 ( Eg. 88, 47 (48)c ). Cf. do slaintiugh[ad] comhlaithrigh, ibid., where form may be g s. of adj. comláithrech as subst. as d'Osraigibh a maithriu / cen ciniud cen comlaithre, Anecd. ii 34.20 . Note further: ni eran doib crich na comlaithre, O'Curry 250 ( H 3.18, 145a ). fine chealla for tuathet (= tuath ṡet) do formuig comlaithre for cill, cloc dilabur, 1885 ( 23 P 3, 23 d ).

commairge

Cite this: eDIL s.v. commairge or dil.ie/11492
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: combairge, coimirc

n [], f. Also -c(h)e (see ZCP ix 342 - 3 ) and coi-, cu(i)-. n s. combairge, ZCP iii 240.6 . d s. coimirc, Párl. na mB. 4033 . cumairce comairce cumairchi comairchi cumairgi comairgi (c.¤ cáol leis íad, v.l.) f., IGT Decl. § 3 (44.15) . comairci, -che, -ghe, cum-, Verbs § 83 . cumraidhe, Celtica xi 211 = comairghe, BCC 30.19 .

(a) protection, security, refuge; sanctuary: act of protecting , etc. (see Críth G. pp. 106 - 7 ): commairce .i. comhmarcaigheachd, O'Cl. fáosamh .i. com[ha]irce, Eg. Gl. 647 . rāith c.¤ `surety of protection', PRIA xxxvi 308.19 ( Laws iv 340.20 , ZCP xii 366.1 ). for foísam ríg na ndúle / comairche nachanbéra (leg. -méra, Edd.) `a protection which will not betray us', Thes. ii 306.5 . lubair cretra c.¤ , LL 3921 `protection', Ériu viii 71.20 . comairce na ngrádh flatha so sís. cúic laithe comraite (leg. c.¤?) an airech desa; sé la comraite (leg. c.¤?) an aire tuisi; deich lá comraite (leg. c.¤?) an aire áird etc., O'D. 845 ( H 3.17, 602 ). comairche in aired bes a caithemh ambaile ┐ faesam dana iar fagbáil in baile, O'Curry 1386 ( H 3.18, 630a ) (cf. Laws ii 20 n. 4 ). cen ḟáosam, cen chomairche ina tíre, TTr.² 246 . bá túalaing a chomairgi in fer sin, LU 7778 = cumairce, BDD² 1323 . batir comarchi forro a n-airm, LU 3237 ( SCC 2 ). ba do comaircib na haimsire sin na hairm `the safeguards', RC xii 106 § 162 . Cf. section (c) below. tuc curu ┐ commairgeda ria nachas rinfed etc., LL 31131 ( TTr. 314 ). Easgob Ibair is Ailbhi / do c[h]rādh ima comairghi `sanctuary', Ériu xviii 60 § 13 . sochraid cach comairci, ACL iii 229.102 = ZCP xvii 61 § 24 . do ch.¤ a meic to protect his son(?), LL 2314 . do sharugud a comairgi, RC xxvi 134.12 . bid hi in chomairchi glan grinn, Fen. 108.9 . do fhagaibh se coimerghe ag mindaib . . . C.C. `enjoined safeguard', BCC 74.7 . tech ōiged la comairghi, ZCP vii 298.4 . comairche cotchend ┐ termonn, Ann. Conn. 1235.16 . dul tar ceart dár gcomairghe `the injustice involved in saving me', PBocht 17.19 . a n-onoir . . . na comairghe ordeochas se do beith ag an ferand so, BCC 30.20 . ceann comuirghe `chief protector', O'Hara 1768 . séana croinn na comairche (:aithne) (of tree of life?), DDána 6.8 . roba gairit in caill comarchi uathib iat they could afford them little protection from them (their pursuers)(?), Cog. 176.23 . coill chumairghe (of a family), IGT Decl. ex. 189 . sgíath comairghe (:connailbhe) (of a chief), Studies 1919, 74 § 15 . maithmhighe ar gcinn choimirce (: reimpe) (of Michael), DDána 11.36 .

(b) With various verbs and prepp.: do-berat comairgi di they give her protection, Heroic Biography of Cormac mac Airt 121.73 . ro gabais chommairchi you have sought protection, Fing. R. 51 . an tí ro gab ar chomairce a gualann, O'Curry 2626 ( Eg. 88, 53(54)c ). ro gab a commairgi fort in bairgen `has got its protection against thee', Ériu i 134.8 . gabh mo chomairce, a chuirp Íosa, A. Ó Dálaigh xvii 1 . do chuaidh ar a choimeirce, IT ii2 144.562 . dochuadur fein ar cumraighi Ronáin, KMMisc. 313.3 . tú ar a ccomairghe cuireim I place thee under their protection, Studies 1919, 440 § 13 . B. do marbhadh ar a comairce `while under his protection', Laws i 66.x Comm. iar marbad mac nUsnig fora ḟaísam ┐ fora chommairgi `in despite of his guarantee and surety', TBC-LL² 363 . fort comairge damh `under thy protection may I be', Ériu xix 14 § 11 . fora ccomairccibh, AFM ii 1074.13 . arna ndiúlthadh fa chumairce an tsagairt sin safe passage (`release'), Ériu v 92.20 . dar comhairge na bachla Iósa `in violation of', AFM ii 988.11 . maith [mo] choimirce ar cóir nDé protection against, A. Ó Dálaigh xxiv 1 .

(c) Of persons affording protection sureties, guarantors, protectors (us. in pl.): ? [í]ar lín a chomairce ┐ a charat, Críth G. 366 . ? na huile daine do cuir in ri amach din cumairce, O'Curry 1062 ( H 3.18, 439a ). rogabsat a c.¤ `took to them sureties', Metr. Dinds. iii 272.36 . tiagat c.¤ friu, IT i 75.9 ( LMU 13 ). ar ba duna comaircib bai fri maccaib Uisnech Cormac, BB 250b15 . na comairgi `protectors', RC xxvi 134.13 . go madh fiadhnach lasna comairgibh a chion `evident to the sureties', AFM ii 1072.12 . Note also: tainic in comharba ar toradh a retha a ndiaigh na comairge `the protected cattle', ZCP x 18. 26 v.l.

comrád

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comrád or dil.ie/11630

 

Forms: cobrad, -áid, comraid, comrada, comrái(d)te, comrádh, comráth

n (rád) ? cobrad, Arch. Hib. ii 48 § 6 . g s. -áid. Note also a s. comraid (: comdail), SR 4374 . Pl. comrada, TTebe 718 , SR 8310 , in later lang. comrái(d)te. comrádh comráth m., IGT Decl. § 11 (54.12) . Verbs § 83 .

Act of conversing, talking; dialogue; speech, utterance, saying : comrad clocán bind, LU 9845 . guidem frisin-morchomdid / in cech húair ar comráda to speak to us(?), SR 8310 . c.¤ chind cherchailli pillow-talk , TBC-LL² 3 . 278 (title). ba c.¤ cach dessi ┐ cach thrír díb they chatted in groups of two and three, CRR 13 . cach coirmthigi a chomrād, ACL iii 226.22 . ? cor ar comrād fri Canōin `intentness on(?) conversing with the Canon', Ériu ii 65 § 11 . gáini (leg. gainne) a comráid, MU² 717 . gan c[h]omrād Dē converse with God, ACL iii 234.14 `not praising God', Aithd. D. 61.6 . i comrād `talking together', BColm. 90.25 . tre comradh L. because of L.'s words, Stair Erc. 885 . é ré cách ag comráth (: thráth), IGT Decl. ex. 396 . Verbs ex. 822 . cuirim i gcomhrádh I mention (specifically ?), DDána 32.13 . an tí choimhéadfas mo chomhrádh-sa = sermonem meum, TSh. 2854 . Transf.: fóir mé le comhrádh do chuirp, Dánta Gr. 30.43 . Phr. cóir comráid (see cóir 8): ō rāinic ar chóir chomrāidh opportunity of speech, Anecd. i 25 § 7 . ro gab coir comraid frisin ngilla `fit converse', CCath. 4060 . toigeacht a gcōir chomhrāidh re aroile (of ships) `within speaking distance', Fl. Earls 12.1 . Cf. tré cheart gcomhráidh, Ir. Syll. Poetry 40 § 6 .

Pl. is ingnadh lium do comraite sayings, Fier. 160 . ina rúinib ┐ ina comráitib confidences, Mer. Uil.² 254 . comhraite umhla millsi. Smaointe B. Chr. 2529 . an bladuire léna chómhráidhtibh fallsa, Párl. na mB. 1518 .

comraite

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comraite or dil.ie/11643

 

n (cf. Lat. comparatio `preparing') intention, design : c.¤ .i. duthracht [ut est] ni c.¤ do dia n-indichi, O'Dav. 389 . ēol dō inní gonas ūair comrāite ēiside, Corm. Y 548 . c.¤ .i. cuma raidit a cuic cedfada corpardha ┐ a cuic ṡiansa anma, O'Curry 901 ( H 3.18, 400 ). ? ar is é ag insin asrenar [comraiti] na c.¤ la fear asidrean, Laws iii 156.6 glossed: comraiti na c.¤ athfeghthar and, O'Curry 1740 (H 35.5, 80b) = comraiti nad comraiti, 906 ( H 3.18, 401 ) = 2170 ( Eg. 88, 5(6)a ). comrait (sic) meic i naes a ica `wilful act', Laws v 434.32 Comm. fo comraiti ┐ anfot `with respect to intention or inadvertence', 470.1 Comm. tre c.¤ `intentionally', BCrólige 25 gl. 12 . comhraite, anbhfót, torbha, ┐ easbha (list of offences), Celtica i 101.426 .

Attrib. g s.: cinta comraitti ┐ anfoit lanḟiachaig `absichtliche Vergehen', Cóic Con. 17 § 5 . in coirpdire c.¤ , Laws i 176.26 Comm. cin eolgnais c.¤ `intentional injury', v 136.21 Comm. eigem comraiti in codnaig `malicious shouting', iii 244.z Comm. fiacha comraiti, Leb. Gab.(i) 32 n. 8 . lethéric comhraite, Ériu xiii 46.2 .

díl

Cite this: eDIL s.v. díl or dil.ie/16367
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: díol, d.

[u, m.]. vn. of 1 do-lá. díol m., IGT Decl. § 95 .

I Legal act of discharging, taking the place of (?): mana-hatmaiter fri ní itir is a dá comgrád do dil de ┐ neach diambidh logh enech in cunnra, da dil don feichemuin; no cethri comgrádh da dil dibh a ndis (i.e. if a surety is not acknowledged he must be discharged or replaced by two persons of his own standing and one person whose `lóg enech' is equal to the contract; or alternatively these two must be replaced by four of their standing), Bürgschaft 44 . na fiadhain dligthecha . . . acht mana bet a da comgrad do díol díbh, O'D. 671 ( H 3.17 491b ). sena iar naititin . . . is a da comgrad do dil de nar aititniged dó two persons of his own standing are required to discharge him from the amount for which he was acknowledged as surety (?), O'Curry 316 - 17 ( H 3.18 174b ). gialla gabhala dia dil dia mbe tuarasndal bansgal (i.e. as female testimony is not sufficient in itself a `giall gabála' is required in addition), Cáin Ad. § 53 (see Bürgschaft 44 n. 3 ). Hence: do liud fiadnaise . . . .i. do dil a fiadnaise, Laws i 138.22 Comm. Cf. díol .i. diultadh (B. na f.), ZCP v 485 . In phr. díl ┐ séna: feich cin dil cin tsena fully acknowledged (substantiated) debts (?), Laws v 310.13 . muna be for diul ┐ sena, i 276.29 . iii 326.12 . ? Cf. is and fogéba do mnaí | cen d.¤ séna fo ṡóergnaí, Metr. Dinds. iii 354.78 .

II General senses.

(a) requital, recompense, retribution; atonement, reparation: in tan ata dil in cinaigh isin rob fein `when the beast itself is value sufficient to pay for the damage', Laws iv 88.12 Comm. nochan fuil dil in cinaid aga do setaib, i 110.18 Comm. ca dil raghus ar in duine ina chinta? a marbhadh ina cinta comraite , O'D. 550 ( H 3.17 col. 437 ). cen d.¤ (.i. cen biathad) daimi rissi, RC xx 158 § 8(ACC) .i. cen dil oegidechta in scelaige, ib. dom-bér i nd.¤ do mac ind ríg romarbus `I will give myself in forfeit', xiii 462 § 67 . a ndíol a ndearrna mise d'ulc . . . marbh-sa me, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 40.x . carnn in chotaig sin la cách | cen nach ṅd.¤ cocaid co bráth | eter chlainn laind Labain lóir | ┐ clanna I. retaliation (?), SR 3042 . go bráth bud é mo díol de | techt tar sgél in chloideimse requital , SG 252.27 . a banscál, bid maith do d.¤ | fogeba nem cen anfīr, YBL 314b16 . triasin apstal doberair in d.¤-sa foirn, PH 2161 . cenmothat a oeigid ┐ cech oen dia mbói dil uad amach to whom he was under an obligation (?), LB 130b47 . seacht bpeacaidh dhleaghmuid do dhíol `we must atone for', Dán Dé xxxi 33 . leanum Crist co carthanach, | denum dil dar ndroch-ceirdibh, Lib. Flav. i 33ra9 . ní díol liom a los m' ḟola | ingreim fer mo chognoma I deem it not a fitting recompense, O'Gr. Cat. 463.7 . i ndíol mo sgeóil, TD 25.23 . ní ṡirfid fós díol 'na ndearna | síol bhF. ar an bhfaghuilsin, 16.31 . go dtiobhradh díol ar gach dán `a reward ', 8.22 . na fuighbittís díol fiach ina ffaltanas badh ferr a better satisfaction of their grudges, AFM vi 2080.8 . dream ar nach díol a ndearmad a fitting requital, Content. xxix 22 . saidhbhreas . . . an tsaoghail do dháil dó i ndíol Rachel .i. ghlóire nimhe, TSh. 9964 . ós é an bás is díol ┐ is tuilleamh i n-íoc an pheacaidh, 1539 . rainn díola dom dhán do Dhia verses offered in requital (?), A. Ó Dálaigh v 1 . i ndíol a ndearna mise do dhochar do Ch., Keat. ii 3201 . i ndíol a ṡáruighthe, iii 1403 . do bheir Día rath beg saoghalta . . . dona drochdhaoinibh a ndiol na maithesa bige do righneadair, Luc. Fid. 37.13 . ionnas go ttugadh [Críost] diol cert do Dhia san aindligheadh tugadar ar sinnser . . . dho, Luc. Fid. 44.6 .

(b) satisfaction, sufficiency; act of satisfying (a debt), paying; act of entertaining (poets, mendicants, etc.): cách aca nd.¤ riam a mbrugh | idir hécis is ollumh, Anecd. i 29 § 32 (v.l.). oc dīl occorso do chēli Dē, Ériu i 46.2 . mos-luadat . . . do d.¤ a n-itad co Boinn, Dinds. 16 . gan d.¤ a ṡainti, MR 250.18 . ag diol a bhfiach `paying their dues', KMMisc. 50 . coire . . . | 'na mbeith diol seacht gcéad d'fulacht, Duan. F. i 62 § 20 . smuaintighid nach bidh a ndiol aimsiri acu, 3 C 19, 70vb21 . nach roib agamsa don duine d.¤ fíach re tabairt tar cenn a anma, 3 B 22, 33b15 . legar fiuchadh doibh . . . no gomad diol bherbhthi in ptisan `sufficiently boiled', 3 C 19, 139a30 . do bhéaruinn duid do dhíol saidhbhris, A. Ó Dálaigh xlix 12 . ag caithem a ndila dona toirtibh, BCC § 355d . tareis na mboct do dil `after the poor had been satisfied', § 78 . cidh sámh leis an sódh . . . is doiligh leis bheith agá dhíol paying for it, TSh. 3606 . ní raibhi acht begán fiach orra féin ré ná ndíol, Mac Aingil 447.10 . teach do dhenom . . . do N. . . . do díol dámh Éreann `for the entertainment of the learned men', AFM iv 706.y . an breithemhnas aithridhe . . . do ghabháil chuige go toltanach ┐ a rún do beith aige a dhíol an tan fhedfas to fulfil, Ó Héodhusa 212.2 . a d.¤ coimhéta, ZCP vi 296.17 .

(c) treatment, handling: ge fūarais ūaind | onōir dalta . . . rab olc | ar ndīl ort arnat oilemain, ACL iii 235 § 30 . ag fechain an díla do-bera se ar an féin gach lai, CF 429 . gár bheag croidhe an Ríogh do roinn | 's gach díol oile [dar] fhuloing, Dán Dé xx 26 . an díol do-bheirid na crumha ar an gcolainn, TSh. 3884 . as bocht mo dhiol agad, Luc. Fid. 288.1 . Note also: a cor ar d.¤ maith `put to a good use' (of riches), PH 7751 .

(d) equal; complement; fitting object, warrant, guarantee; what is fitting or worthy (folld. by gen. or DO, rarely I N-): connach fail . . . dó dúal na do d.¤ ri gail na ra gaisced there is none to equal thee, TBC-LL¹ 3792 . ní mó ná díol mo ghaisgidh-se im' aonar atá ionntaibh they are not more than my single-handed valour can cope with, CRR 72.6 . gan a dhiol d'fhilidh induind a poet worthy of him, ZCP ii 351.z . co dtuc leis iat (sc. logs of timber) fóna ndíol taobán `with their complement of rafters', SG 292.25 . caogaid laoch . . . cona ndíol do mhnáib, 268.10 . ben díola degduine `fit for a gentleman', 142.4 (attrib. gs.). díol fuatha flaithes Eirenn `a mark for hatred', 469.13 . dil cach fedna 'na fearaib `his men worthy of any host', Hy Fiach. 212.1 . diol a bainne do soithidhibh vessels enough for her milk, BNnÉ 10 n. 16 . fil bur ndiol do ab sunn `a fitting abbot', 7 § 21 . tri ced bó . . . cona ndioll capall `with a proportionate number of horses', ALC ii 366.3 . a chuirp . . . | tú fa ríor nochar mhúin meise | dúinn gion gur díol treise thú though thou wert no guarantee of strength to me (?) Dán Dé xix 9 . na mná dhíobh ba díol tola | ní hiad anosa is annsa, Dánta Gr. 6 § 3 . díol san cheathrarsoin `the match of those four', TD 32.6 . ní díol síothchána síol gConaill no warrant for pacification, 16.4 . gé tharla a díol uirre d'uaislibh (sc. uille an ríogh) `its due of nobles', 11.26 . lór le fear má fuair do bhriathar, | beag 'na dheaghaidh do dhíol port `what place thou choose (?)', 29.18 (whatever you may say?). as sinn ios mó dho dhíol trúaighe dona huile dháoinibh, 1 Corinth. xv 19 . is maith an díol smachtuighthe é a proper subject for correction, TSh. 3478 . fá Dhia do dhéanamh a dhíola féin dá chréatúir `what pleases Him' (Gloss.), 8595 . ní feas do neoch an díol grádha nó fuatha é féin, 1155 (nemo scit an odio an amore dignus sit). a dhíol d'oidhre `an heir worthy of him', AFM v 1568.y . ni diol fochmhuide Dia, Luc. Fid. 278 . geall díola do chléir a warrant for rewarding poets, Ó Bruad. ii 128.21 . ris aní se . . . do chríochnughadh mar is díol as is fitting, TSh. 32 (for dual?).

(e) lot, fate: luadfet ed rígi cach ríg—is d.¤ firi na fer fíal the true fate, LL 32a48 . truag in garg-dīl rognīd and | for ingin ardríg hErend (of a princess burnt to death), LL 192b28 . on lo ro tilgedh ar in muir iad ni fes a ndil o thoin alle, KMMisc. 318.27 . Murchertach . . . | re ceithri mbliadhan fichet; | a cleitech cāidh, a dīl de (sic leg.) | ro bāidh fín, ro loisc tene, MacCarthy 410.y . do chuadar a ndrochdilaibh, 410.2 . olc d.¤ i torchair mac Duind, Metr. Dinds. iii 150.9 . ferr do d.¤ innáit sin uile .i. missi do tharrachtain duit, Acall. 4597 . nír ḟeadadar a dhiol na a dhiach, Hy Fiach. 38.16 . gan chodladh . . . | gan chobhair . . . | as doraidh mo dhíol, BS § 19 . dil in Aeda sin . . . indesat duib, Fen. 72.3 . ? biaidh tú it aoinmhnaoi agamsa. —Ní hagam féin atá mo dhíol, ar ise, acht agam oide, Keat. ii 4727 .

(f) end, destruction: d.¤ a uerbo deleo ┐ deleo mortifico , O'Mulc. 345 . díol .i. críoch, O'Cl. dia mbera breith fír for sein | ni bia d.¤ for th'airmitein, SR 3320 = erchra, LB 116a2 . bithaittreb péne . . . cen nach ṅd.¤ etir (of Hell), LL 281a19 (= crich, LU 1405 ). truag in garg-dil rogníd and | for ingin ard-rig hErend 'woe for the violent fate that was then contrived for the High King of Erin's daughter' Metr. Dinds. iv 328.39 , Peritia xvi 228 .

See díla.

elgnas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. elgnas or dil.ie/19959

 

n (a) wanton or deliberate mischief; malicious injury: elgnais .i. fogail, O'Dav. 767 . acc. (a) bla slisen saírsi acht nib tre helgnais so as it is not done through malice Laws iii 226.23 (cf. cen elguin .i. cen eol gnais comraite do denam, ii 352.9 Comm. ). gnim cen elgnais (: tegdais), ZCP xi 151 § 32 = Anecd. i 54 . (b) Druim nElgga cen elgnus ngle, Metr. Dinds. iv 338.23 . tre elgnus rotus mudhaigh, Leb. Gab.(i) i 108.12 . dat. Etar co n-elgnus (: clemnus) cech áig, Metr. Dinds. iii 114.57 . mo chorp, a Rí cháem na cros, | rop sáer ar olc, ar elgnos, iv 16.30 .

(b) in favourable sense readiness for fight or mischief; a vivacious, mettlesome disposition (?): mo dathi ┐ mo elgnas do Ḟiachaig, ZCP viii 305.4 = Rawl. 138a27 (testament of Niall Noígíallach bequeathing his qualities to his sons). tuirmem chena...a n-elgnos, a n-ardēchtu (of prowess of Leinster heroes) ZCP viii 117 § 4 = Rawl. 88a27 . Cf. fer elgnais (leg. fír-elgnais ?), O'Dav. 463 .

elgon

Cite this: eDIL s.v. elgon or dil.ie/19961

 

Forms: elgon, ealgone

n f. (?) (g s. may be represented by elgna?, q.v. or elgon may be the old gen.) malice prépense, committing a mischief or crime with deliberate intention, also injuring a fellow-citizen (?): elgon .i. eolguin, is eol do cia gontae, Corm. Y 508 . coig anmand cinath conlat ar andug : fa[i]ll, eislis, elgon, imraichne, anfot, ruced didiu eitged conid ainm cach gnīma na dēne nech ar elgoin (of five kinds of evil-doing), O'Mulc. 456 . elgon .i. guin Elge .i. guin do tuaithe ┐ do cairte elgon (gen. ?) 382 . comdiles do cach dib... cia imarbara cach dib ar araile cen elguin, Laws ii 350.21 , with gl.: cen eolgnais comraiti do denam ima brith tar sarugad i fiadnaise `without committing intentional trespass' 352.9 . cach dichmairc cen taide cen elguin, 352.4 , with gl.: saraigthe i fiadnaisi, 352.26 . tiscail gai a halad gen ealguin drawing a spear from a wound without inflicting intentional injury v 490.8 , with gl.: cen eolgnais comraite do denam de, 492.22 . ain cethro as do gu-tir, cin elcuin 'na tir fadeisin, 136.8 , with gl.: cen a mbrisi tre comraiti; no cin eolgnais comraite d' imirt forra, 136.20 . gné ac sloindedh cenail, elguin ac sloinded comraiti species used to designate genus, malice designating intention iii 96 w . a p. ealgone adcomchaissem `wilful crimes we have committed' Ériu ii 122.16 . Cf. is iar suidhe ataella fiacha elguin in cluichi so .i. is iarsan mbasugud ata tadhall do fiachaib comhraiti isan cluichi so, O'Dav. 157 .

follugud, failligud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. follugud, failligud or dil.ie/23138

 

Forms: f.

(-echad) n u, m. (vn. of follaigid) neglecting, omitting ; overlooking:

(a) huand f.¤ (gl. neglectu) Ml. 70a10 . (of cattle trespass :) odcathaig and sin, arus óg in follugad (.i. is comlan in follagud sin dona buachaillib) `there is full fine for this, for the neglect is complete' Laws iv 136.20 . is comraite in follugudh (i.e. neglect may incur the same liability as deliberate crime), O'D. 2346 . fiachach cach folludh iar fis, Laws i 264.16 . bretha ... imna gellaib lais a tabar in fuillem iarna f.¤ `judgments ... concerning the pledges with which the interest is given after their being lost' Laws v 376.7 Comm. follogod féile neglect of hospitality (?) LL 176az ( CRR 38 `forgetfulness of honour'). f.¤ na fogla neglect of distribution (i.e. of hospitality) ACL iii 241 § 9 .

Cf. is ferrde dún cech follugad doberum fort (foll-gud [ = follamnugud ?] dobera foirn v.l.), Ériu iv 134.1 .

(b) as leisiomh ro hathnuadhaighthe ... iarna ffailliughadh ó chéin mháir gach eglais ro lécthi i faill, AFM ii 1084.10 ( Mart. Don. Nov. 3 ). can fuirech, can failliugud `without delay, without failing' CCath. 4529 . Slackening: rosgeb foilliugud rompu docum in muir `slowly retired' Aen. 2333 . do bhéara ar dbigh an tartmhair failliughadh will cause ... to fail Isaiah xxxii 6 .

faillechad : IGT III § 106 (244.18) . ni tráth m'éigean d'fhailleachadh it is not a time to neglect my distress PBocht 23 § 25 . is cóir sa chás i bhfuilim | gan ḟailleachadh m'urḟuighill, Ir. Monthly 1930, 152 ( DDána 158 ).

gin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gin or dil.ie/25866
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: ginu

n u, m.

(a) a mouth : g s. in geno deeid (gl. securi oris), Ml. 82c5 . a ngena, 55a18 . d s. ho giun, Wb. 5d14 . i ngiun, 4d33 . tri giun (for a s.), Ml. 74d13 . i ngin, Thes. ii 357.19 ( Hy. vii 65 ). a s. tri a gin-som, Ml. 68c12 . a p. ginu (gl. ora), 88b10 . íar senad a gena co tánic rath in spirta naim fair, RC vi 165.1 . núall cech gena `the cry of every mouth,' Fél. Sept. 16 . cé betis secht tengtha | im gin ..., Ep. 126 . Cf. Aen. 1409 . sæthar ecnada 'na gin (giun v.l.) sāethar buirb 'na lāim, ACL iii 314 § 27 . diá tesorcain ar gin díabuil, RC xxi 378.16 . coscther a gin do golgaire, TTr. 1068 ( LL 231b32 ). a gin in fatha, PH 3660. BNnÉ 48 § 23 . bennachais P. iarum a gin, Laws i 8.10 . Anecd. ii 32 § 2 . no-labratís na demna tria n-a nginaib, PH 747 . i ngenaib na filed, Auraic. 1594 . amail donaircechain tria ginu na [prim faidhi], Laws i 16.7 . tar a ṅgena, PH 3771 . toimhlidh in loech ..., tara gin `swallows a man whole,' Marco P. § 107 . Cf. dar a chræs gin osluicthe, FB 37 (Eg.). sechtmad [screpaill] cach oen ngena do riagail r[i]u ... for every mouth [of grazing cattle], O'D. 1564 ( H 5.15, 3b ). Fig. suí ghena gusmair a scholar of vehement speech, ZCP xii 364.21 . ri rosáer ... do gin Balaim (i.e. from the [maledictory] utterance of B.), SR 7334 . gin .i. craes, Lec. Gl. 359. In phrase : a hoín-gin (giun) ; ó óinghin with one voice, unanimously : atbertatar amail bid a haongiun, Corm. Y 1059 . amail bidh a haenghin friscartsat, Marco P. § 31 . o oengin, Hib. Min. 71.28 . o oengen, RC xv 294.17 ( Dinds. 5 ). (ó) oen gein ┐ ó óin chridi, Lat. Lives 26.12 .

(b) hunger (?) : gin .i. ithe, O'Dav. 1025. (?) na hith, gemadh mor do gin | an tiascc do bhir go mbi fuar `though great be thy hunger (lit. mouth),' BNnÉ 82.11 .

(c) an opening ; a (mountain) pass : gin lócharne lethan the wide mouth of a lamp, Fél. Ap. 22 . tegdais gena na ṅglend (= domus oris vallium), PH 4600 . Cināed cinged gin nGabrūain ... the pass of Gabhrán (i.e. Belach G.), Bruchst. i 52 § 114 = AFM i 538.z .

Compds. ¤áil see ginól ; ¤chróes o, m. (in s. and pl.) gaping mouth : nó-ṡúigfed cid Érinn uli ina ghinchraes, Thr. Ir. Gl. p. 13 (s.v. Coire Brecain). dar gincráes a bragat, TBC-LL¹ 1025. LL 108a29 . comtar écnaig a ginchroes, TBC-I¹ 1943 . gomdar inecnaigh a ghincraeis, TBC-LL¹ p. 373 n. 1 . asreṅgsatar a ṅgin-chraesu, LL 237a49 ( TTr. 1517 ). rooslaicset a nguba ocus a nginchraesa, Fen. 114.23 . RC xiv 404.3 ; 422.20 . Cf. inchróes. ¤gob (a) mouth, muzzle (of animals) : a gingobaiph ┐ a heocurbelaibh na n-ech, CCath. 4957 . i ngiongobaibh a ngredh, Hugh Roe § 57 (28a) . (b) a point : tar gingob na sleighi, Acall. 4923 n . ¤tuillem (leg.) extravagance, prodigality : cinta comráite ┐ gintuillim liabilities arising from deliberation and prodigality (?), Laws iii 68.14 . inann fis urfogra ┐ fis gintuillmedh (leg. ¤tuillmea ?) a n-urradus knowledge of his having been proclaimed and of his prodigality are equivalent in customary law, O'Curry 2535 ( Eg. 88, f. 44 (45d) ).

imbert

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imbert or dil.ie/27300
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: imirt

n ā, f. imirt f. IGT Decl. § 42. vn. of imm-beir.

(a) act of using, employing, acting; a usage, behaviour, act: tri imberta inna faidsine `usages (?),' Ml. 81c6 . fíach aibne imbert usci the obligation of the scourge (is) the use of water (i.e. washing is compulsory after scourging), Ériu iii 102 § 30. líach leis ... ilar na laech ... cena n-imbirt fri dighail a athair `sad he deemed it that the crowd of valiant heroes ... should not be employed in avenging his father,' TTr.² 215. ar na dernad nech a himirt ar in ni na bud leis bodein so that no one should make use of it for what was not his own ?, Laws v 478.z Comm. nī da roichedh 'na láim clī | ... nocha soiched 'na láim deis | gan a imirt gan ēisleis (in praise of Colm C.), ZCP vii 304 § 13 (= brondadh, BCC 448.21 ). nír'som mín muinterdha in imbeirt (airimmirt, frithailim v.ll.) dorónsat ic frestul na slógh `the preparation which they made,' CCath. 1709. laechesa ar aicme bethi iarsin imraet (no imirt) cetna `heroines for group B after the same procedure (or method),' Auraic. 5718. ni himirt mhæthmacaib (leg. —macaim) do-berar ort adrasda treatment, ZCP viii 529.13 . olc ind imbeirt sochraiti sin `bad is that act of friendship (?),' RC xiii 458 § 57. cach dichmairc .i. imirt cen athcomarc `acting without asking permission,' Laws ii 352.13 Comm. gibe sccela do thiucfadh anoir i mBeltaine imirt abhus dia reir `should be acted upon here,' AFM vi 2044.x . baí ag imirt doghrés a hucht na bainrioghna `who always acted on behalf of the queen,' AFM vi 2266.1 .

(b) the act of moving about ?: se fein ic a imbirt ocus ic a fothraccadh isna linntip dubfolae `wallowing and bathing,' CCath. 6060. in uair do-chonnaic Láegh ... Cú Ch. 'gá imirt (fhothrogad v.l.) tháinic dá innsaighi, Comp. CC 110 § 41. Hence intransitively: ag imirt ó thaobh go taobh 's ag ionnfairt, Midnight court 718. ( ZCP v 223 ).

(c) the act of handling or plying a weapon, tool, etc.: oc imbert [in gae], Trip.² 770. ó nach raibh ar a chumus arm d'imirt, Ériu i 87 § 33. gabais C. glés n-imberthae airm forru, BDD² 1411. condricfa a n-imbirt for slúag (of arms), TBC-LL¹ 275. dos-fic fallscudh feirgi ┐ áilgius imberta a n-iaraind `and the craving to wield their weapons,' CCath. 621. ro cuadar for imbeirt a scíath, `they resorted to pressing forward their bucklers' (of men in close combat), 1995 . nech padh calmai fri laimimbertai cloidib `good at sword-play,' RC xii. 72 § 44. léiciud ón co forgabáil, cenéle n-imberta gaiscid a certain manner of wielding arms ? TBFr. 237. níor chleacht sinn siobhal oidhche | ná imirt arm bhfaobhairthe, DDána 67.5 . gabait in gillai oc sudiu imbirt a dor[n]d foraib, LU 4916. iar n-imbirt aibne `after plying the scourge,' Mon. Tall. 143 § 43. imirt glaith for rot `using the "glaith" upon a road,' Laws v 474.6 . lámdha in domain acon mnái | imirt óir aircit gan gái `all the mysteries of the broidering art the wife possessed, skill to manipulate the silver and the gold,' SG 109.1 . in lá ria bfhéil imberta usce `the day before the festival of the Sprinkling of Water, (Rogation Sunday), ALC i 136.24 .

Of managing horses: eter imbeirt ech ┐ charpat, TBC-LL¹ 4021.

Of giving battle or preparing for battle: airm imeartha an chatha `the place where the battle is fought' O'Cl. s.v. airm. fada...ind imbert doradad and `it was a long fight that was made there,' Ériu v 236.88 .

(d) act of practising, wreaking, inflicting with prep. for : atagamar ... in fer d'imbirt a ferci fornd, LU 3792 ( SCC § 36 ). cid do chana duit in bréc do imbirt form, LU 5054. bale i ndénta fingal ... d'immirt for fannaib, 4342 . do immirt mela ocus cumachta forni immon curadmír, 8554 ( FB § 41 ). cin eolgnais comraite d'imirt forra `without inflicting intentional injury on them,' Laws v 136.21 Comm. martra do imbirt fair, Ann. Conn. 1306 § 11. ní chumaing écen do thabairt no d'imbert forru, PH 4833. ro gabh ag imirt a eccraitti ┐ a aincride fair dia ionnarbadh, AFM vi 1934.8 . da ndéanmaois ceart d'imirt oraibh if we were to act justly towards you, Maguires of F. § 61. go mbiadh tearmann aige ón oirleach do bhí ag Dia ar tí a imeartha ar gach aon, TSh. 706.

(e) act of playing a game, gambling; game, sport: ic imbirt fidchilli, TBC-LL¹ 922. oc imbirt buanbaig, 1810 . ic imbirt chless cluchi ┐ immanae, 870 . imirt fithchilli tighe aireach, Laws v 484.3 . ní boíd ind imbert moithchulión sin a Fergus ol Medb, LU 5701 ( TBC-I¹ 1227 ). do-rónadh ... imirt ┐ ceól ┐ cluicheda ina fiadnaise dá urbrégad, Comp. CC 80.3 . ata fós fó'n aithne-si in imbirt; uair is gadaige in t-í immres who gambles, PH 7597. do spealadh a mhaoine saoghalta ré hól, ré himirt, ┐ ré meirdreachas, TSh. 10356. ag damhsadh 's ag imirt 's ag ól, O'Gr. Cat. 30.26. clár na himertha gaming-table , Mac Aingil 3.3 . chuirfeas m'anmain san imeirt `which will put my soul to hazard,' Dán Dé xiv 7. gairid ar mbúaín resin mbeirt | gur smúain in aibhid d'imeirt, IGT Decl. ex. 625. Fig. mise uaid go haithmhéalach | faríor! ní himirt Domhnaigh it is no diversion, Dánta Gr. 61.34 . i n-ionbhaidh imeartha an chluithe (the Confederate War), Ó Bruad. i 124.13 . an méid nár fionnadh le himirt na méirleach, O'Rah. xxxv 105.

(f) act of performing (music); chanting (prayer) ?: ainm im[b]erta ciuil, O'Mulc. 833. sinnim no imrim ar an angrais chiúil, Plunkett s.v. pecto . imrim ar cheol, s.v. cano ( Éigse xxv 162 ). ? To this: bíadd prantigi dano ised aonach ndedenach indsin is coir do imbirt isna mbelaib iar praind hi sessam ┐ hi praindtig a cetal repeat (?), Mon. Tall. 162.2 .

imraichne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imraichne or dil.ie/28020

 

n f. (? imm-ro-aithne) error, mistake: coig anmand cinath ... conlat ar andug : fa[i]ll, eislis, elgon, i.¤, anfot, O'Mulc. 456. trí sailge boccachta : imgellad, immarbág, imreson nó imraichni, Triads 101 n. trí comartha tirdachta .i. immargal immarbág ┐ meraichne (imraithne v.l.), ib. 229 . bes immfolgna a n-athgnas no immraichni dun, IT i 144.23 . gébthir fo mac n-imraichni `he will be overcome by a son of error,' Imr. Brain § 57. fer ... ro marbh fear ... tre imraichni, O'D. 2307 (< Rawl. B 506, fo. 30 ). [dlighthecu] ... ocus mo is i.¤ deithbire leis duine do marbad i richt in ti tainic dferthain cneidi for corp it is more an error of necessity (i.e. a more pardonable offence) to slay a person in the guise of one who came to inflict a wound on the body, Laws iii 470.8 Comm. is e aicnedh na frithaige beith a triun ocus is é aicnedh na i.¤ bith a leth, 470.15 Comm. is [s]lan don ti ro gabh in i.¤ in athgabhail, ii 72.10 Comm. tre comraite ... ┐ tre umraithnedh fergi, O'Curry 1813 (< 23 Q 6, p. 45a ). a n-imraichni romarbustar é, Ériu i 126.3 . Domhnall Ó Néill do marbhadh in iomraithne la lucht tighe uí Néill, AFM iii 482.14 . ro marbhadh lá Maguidhir tré iomraithne, vi 1966.3 .

in-deich

Cite this: eDIL s.v. in-deich or dil.ie/28363

 

Forms: indechur, indechaid, indichid, indechad

v avenges : indic. pres. pass. s. gnim olc mad indechur is well avenged, Laws i 8.17 . Later indechaid, indichid ā and i: ni comraite do dia n-indichi `it is not deliberate malice to a man if he is avenging (a previous injury)' (Plummer MS. notes), O'Dav. 389. bale i ndénta fingal ... ní anedsom co n-indechad, LU 4342. teora gua is mesa indechas dia for na tuathaib, Laws iv 52.27 Comm. dia faghbuinn-si bar n-eiliughadh-si no-n-indecfainn oraibh, RC xliii 20 § 18. Vn. indechad.

1 los

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 los or dil.ie/30698
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: loise, lois, loss, losa

n o, m. Appar. also ā, f. g s. loise, ZCP ii 556.21 , d s. lois, RC xvii 383.12 (Tig.) (= los, CS 274.16 ; loss, AFM ii 842.21 ), n p. losa, O'Curry 827 ( H 3.18, 37a ).

I

(a) end, butt, foot, point (of a staff, stick, etc.): focherded a bunsach ríam conda gebed ar loss resíu dorótsad a bun for lár, LU 4869 . co lois na Bachla Issa, RC xvii 383.12 (Tig.). do sgeinn tobar uisge a ndiaig loise na bachaille, ZCP ii 556.21 (= cos, see 19 ). gurab tré bhonn Aonghusa do chuir Pádraig l.¤ a bhaichle, Keat. iii 361 (= rinn, 363 ). buille do l.¤ a throsdain with the butt-end of his staff, ZCP x 10.10 . sciath . . . co n-a loss imthróm iarnaide, LL 189b2 . croch . . . a mbel na piasta, ┐ a cros rena carpat uachtarach ┐ a ll.¤ rena carpat ichtarach, Laud 610, fo. 8a (Plummer MS. notes). tucadur leó he co l.¤ na croichi (pes crucis), Smaointe B. Chr. 3999.

(b) stem of a drinking-horn(?): go n-a naoi gcornaibh do (leg. co?) losaibh óir, Ériu i 95.3 . Of altar vessels: ceithri corn (g pl.) . . . robris imorro ┐ tall a n-innmusa ┐ a lasa[d] (leg. losa) dibh, AU ii 226.9 = lossa, AFM iii 110.4 .

(c) tail of an animal; tip of the tail(?): l.¤ .i. erball, O'Cl. iss ithi lochad co a llos. Slucid iarum erboll na llochad, RC xiii 446 § 30 . luchóg go n-a l.¤ do shlogadh, Keat. ii 2521 . nuimir mor do deilgnibh iarnaidhe ar a losaibh, Aisl. Tond. 104.15 . By extension, of a cloak: bruitt dubglassa fá loss i forcipul impu, TBC-LL¹ 4359.

(d) By transf. gain, increase, result : dober . . . luth ┐ nert céit in gach fer acuibh . . . ┐ dober loss ┐ solad daibh arnach bid urcra, RC xiv 36 § 28. ? crābud in buirb co n-indmus, l.¤ diūit nit goire a grīs, ZCP vii 311 § 16.

(e) In particular, produce or young of cattle , usually in contexts where the cattle, through having been stolen or temporarily forfeited, have been in the possession of others not their owners, and during this period have calved: l.¤ .i. fas, Lec. Gl. 326 (M 139) . l.¤ .i. na laigh, O'D. 1122 ( H 2.15A, 56 ). ní fo-roxla taide no cnet . . . as-renar cona fuillem co ndiablad aithgine, mad marbdile; mad beodile co n-as ┐ l.¤ ┐ fuilled ┐ fuillem `Jungen', Stud. in E. Ir. Law 38 § 18 . as ┐ l.¤ ┐ geart `Junge (die Kälber)'. ZCP xv 240 § 3 . icuidh aithgin a chota gan l.¤, gan as, gan inorbairt he pays the exact amount of his share without the natural increase, Laws iv 256.15 Comm . (of one who had absconded without payment of his share of a debt but his `fine' had paid it for him. On his return he must pay simply the original amount of his liability). techta fuillema gill dobeir ben bo-aireigh ┐ occaireich la Feine; ni taibret . . . acht lusaib a cethra `they give but in the produce of their cattle' (something omitted before lusaib?), v 386.26 . madh geall do berur fri fiachuibh ┐ bidh l.¤ for in fiach, dia mbe fonuidm in luis is a ícc, i 280.13 , 14 Comm . muna be fonuidm . . . ní híctur acht colunn náma; ┐ taisiuc in gill, cid geall luis, 17 Comm . co fuillem .i. mblechta, no losa .i. innuth, O'Curry 827 ( H 3.18, 379 ) (see indad). cona buar bera acht leth loss, . . . .i. . . . leith in neich ro losustar acut . . . , O'Curry 440 ( H 3.18 237a ). scaile[d] a set arin los, Laws v 438.12 Comm . (? = `alienating the principal for interest on it', Plummer MS. Notes).

II In prepositional phrases and compounded with oen has the meaning end, purpose, consequence (perh. also in: cáit assa tecait? . . . nó co lus tíagait `to what end?', Acall. 6285 ): oen-lus (see also ar oen-lus, below) intention, set purpose : guach cach brathum, aen-lus ┐ taige (= táide) `intentional or with concealment', Laws v 458.5 . it comarda a n-eiric aen-lus ┐ taige, 10 .

ar óen-lus intentionally, deliberately : nach ar ealguin . . . na ar aonlus, O'Curry 1770 ( 23 Q 6, 37a ). im cāinte . . . ┐ gona . . . cid ar aon lus dognethur ni digbunn a laneineclunn ium nech, Laws i 58.14 Comm . benaimsi in cluiccīn sae / . . . ar ōenlus / co nā hesboi Doelgus daith, Cáin Ad. 18 . as mor na coirthe do chomaentaigh sibh do denam ar oen l.¤ gl. mor bar ccionta comraite , Leb. Gab.(i) 32 n.7 . mad ar oenlus asbera nech in goi `deliberately', Ériu vii 158.7 . banbeim ar aenlus, . . . sarughudh ar aenlus, Laws iv 364.4, 6 Comm . ? Amloṅgaid ān Ōengus / attreb tōeba Temro, dosnort aridn-ōenlus (? leg. arind o.), Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 17 § 4 (`by his sole strength', Hail Brigit p. 7 ). Also d'óenlus: ba fora iarair d'aonloss do dheochattar, Hugh Roe² 10.13 .

a l.¤ , ar l.¤ , di l.¤ , i l.¤ l. (a) in consequence of, as a result of, on account of: a l.¤ a carut, Laws ii 280.16 (see ZCP xiv 369 § 31 ). l.¤ .i. son, as bhar l.¤ .i. as bhar son, O'Cl. a láimh gach [aoin] aigérus asa l.¤ who shall sue on their account, O'D. 547 ( H 3.17, 436 ). ba cara doib Gorthigern a l.¤ a mna, LU 232. ro gab eacla . . . Find assar l.¤-ne on our account, Acall. 6506 . a ll.¤ crochi Crist didiu nach ecail lind gorta, LB 233b48 . ro mallachtastair Noe Cam a ll.¤ a nderna, BB 5a2 . saiget do chur i Maoilechlainn . . . ┐ a écc as a l.¤ in consequence, AFM iv 800.11 . ar l.¤ corbaidh mhna Cuind `because of the depravity', Ériu iii 154.29 . ar l.¤ aimlesa `on account of a false charge', Ann. Conn. 1254.7 . tú ós ar gcinn-ne, a chros Eoghain, / m'inmhe ar a l.¤ laighdeobhaidh, DDána 65.4 . Similarly, ar losaib: ar losaibh dhoirre Domhnaill `because of D.'s anger', Studies 1924, 242 § 8 , cf. ar losain [leg. losaibh ?] an trír do thuit / an tír fa chosaibh Cormuic for the sake of (the sons of Uisnech). Aithd. D. 6.31 . truagh a Mhuire ar lén da l.¤ , L. Cl. A. B. 142.99 . cf. 138.95 . do thromluigh ceas lonn dā l.¤ , Hackett liv 24 . a marbad i llos na n-eladhan sin do beith acco, Acall. 6094 . 'na l.¤-sain 'na loighe atá, DDána 79.12 . go gcailltear a l.¤ an bháis an onóir shaoghalta leis na daoinibh bhíos mórdha ré linn a mbeatha (? simply after), TSh. 916.

(b) by means of, by dint of, by virtue of: a ll.¤ a lín is a craind / Beoan iascairi Comgaill / dosrat, LU 3071 . ceṅglaidsi in fersain a llus nirt, LL 2545 . ro briss a ll.¤ chlaidib chróin / for síl n-airdairc ṅHerimóin / cath Éle, 2000 . nocor' gabh Iúil Césair . . . a l.¤ a lámha, CCath. 68 . gur tairrnccedar . . . an chruit as a lambuibh a los éiccin by main force, Ériu iv 61 § 52 . tairccsin mheallta muinntire Brenainn don diabhal hi llos ítan, BNnÉ 63 § 90 . dochuaid as ar l.¤ a lama, Ann. Conn. 1230.7 . ni claidhfidis fir in talman . . . ar l.¤ nirt na nidhecais é, ZCP vi 44.29 . ar lus na lethláim (sic) using one hand only(?), TBC-LL¹ 2123 (see Études Celt. iv 317 ). dia mbēraind hi lloss retha hí don ḟēin uile, ZCP xii 375.12 . bith a deimin accutt nach i lus ghaile inā gaiscid rachu isin inad naobh sin, Grail 3745 . ? dorala Arcomenus . . . a lloss claidib fri Hechtoir `came to blows with', TTr.² 960.

(c) Of dragging by: a ngabail a l.¤ a mullaig eiste, . . . a tarrung a l.¤ a putrull mun dighsit cena (of an abbot expelling monks), Laws v 208.26 - 27 Comm . coro thairṅgiset . . . chucu in ṁboin sin loch a llus a herbuill, LL 21197 . a tócbail a ll.¤ a fuilt `by the hair of her head', PH 1394 . rotharraing Concubar Ilbreach a l.¤ a chinn chuigi, Caithr. CC 45.15 .

(d) about, concerning : ro doilbit sceoil bregi imda . . . a llus Cesair, CCath. 750. cf. Hugh Roe² 236.21 . scēl lem a llus na mbennacht / fa ḟūair Muiri mōrchendacht concerning(?), ACL iii 244 § 3 . cidh drochcelmaine atcluinim asa loss, CCath. 4051 . a ll.¤ tuarastail, RC xviii 271.30 (Tig.). sith do denam . . . risna hespocaib . . . ar lus feraind Patrisius hi Connachtaib, Ann. Conn. 1241.12 (`on account of').

(e) in charge of, concerned with (cf. i mbun): mac in chírmaire a llus chír, LL 18797 . da m-bammar ac Scathaig / a llus gascid gnathaig, TBC-LL¹ 3466 . in t-aél a llus in bíd / iss ed as chubaid ra hardríg, LL 300ay . fiarfaighis de in bó lonn leis beith a ll.¤ proinne na manach, BNnÉ 28 § 31 .

(f) about to: in tan adconnairc Lusus a athair do thoitim, ┐ Aenias a l.¤ a chind do buain de `about to shear off', Aen. 2631 . truagh fós, gan faicsin t'fhiodhbhadh / liom, ar l.¤ mo cheiliobhradh, Celtica iv 116 § 8 .

Compds. (i) With adj. ¤ard: ? scoirpioin In[d]ecda ba l. side luagh a n-iarcomlai foraib, BB 494b36 = scorpíon Indecda dorala for a iarcómla a mboi ina sesum, Alex. 705 . ¤chael: mil . . . / liath luath loscael, IT iii 43 § 56 ( ¤chlaen, v.l. 14 § 30 ). ¤glan: cethri cuirnd losglana im loinn fair-shanked, Fen. 370.16 . ? ¤ḟinn white-tailed, white-tipped(?): cet ndart flann, cet ndairti loisinn, O'Curry 784 ( H 3.18, 367a ).

tairriachad, tairriachtad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tairriachad, tairriachtad or dil.ie/39795

 

Forms: tairriachaid, toiriach, tair(r)fiachad, toirriachtad

n uand o,[m.] (cf. tairriachaid and : comraiti nad comraite comraiti in bualad nad comraiti in toiriach i comraiti in druth, H 3.18, 632a ( O'Curry 1393 ), with toiriach <to-air+fiach ? Cf. the spelling tair(r)fiachad infra).

Inciting, egging on, instigating : gl. turgaire, Laws iii 156.4 , 11 . An offence similar to but more serious than dúscad : aithghin is é fiach in druith dia mbe fer duisce ┐ fer tairriachaidh ar áird, a trian ar fir duisce ┐ a da trian ar fir tairriachaidh ; muna be acht fer tairriachaidh nama is aithgin fair a aénur, H 3.17 col. 265 ( O'D. 344 ). Cf. Laws iii 160.5 . do rine fer toirriachta a toirriachadh, 23 - 24 Comm. toirriachtad, 162.2 Comm. codnach toirrechda, 208.2 . druth toiriachta, v 142.23 Comm. fuil fearus druth .i. o bias codnach oc a torriachadh `blood shed by a fool, i.e. when incited by an adult,' 142.18 Comm. ni hicann fear tairfiachaid in druith ni uair ni hicind in druth fein he who incites a fool pays nothing, for the fool himself does not pay, H 3.18, 288 ( O'Curry 581 ). fer tarrfiachta in druith, Eg. 88, 19 (20)b ( O'Curry 2260 ).