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1 airle

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 airle or


Forms: airli

, f. Also airli ( d s. for n s.?). Used as vn. of airlithir.

(a) act of advising, giving counsel; counsel, advice: ecnaid cráibthech dot airli advising thee, Ériu i 197 § 15 . do a.¤ comairli duid-siu, IT ii2 190.26 ( do thabuirt comuirli duit-si, v.l.). cate for n-arle?, MU² 969 . tāthut a.¤ lim-sa fris, Sc.M² 3 . tathut a.¤ limsa de, LU 9668 . cade do airlisiu immi, 9750 . ni fo airmirt ind a.¤ , YBL 136b12 . is hī mo a.¤ dūib . . ., ACL iii 3.27 . cen a a.¤ dam without his being advised by me, Lism. L. 184 . ba hí a.¤ ro cinnsiot, AFM vi 2060.1 . measam airli iargāis wisdom after the event is the most useless kind of advice(?), ACL iii 230.152 . ar it ferr airli oldās a.¤ for the counsels of many are better than the advice of one, ZCP xi 86 § 42 . Liag ropo lán d'arlib, LL 205bz . airle .i. comhairle, O'Cl.

(b) act of deliberating, considering, taking counsel: a mbath . . . ac arle ind rig `while they held counsel about a king', Ériu vi 134.32 . bátar a chéli oc airli a n-airle immuich their enemies were considering their plan outside, MU² 977 . ro tinoilet in uile rigraid . . . do denum a n-a.¤ a naenbaile, BB 426a22 .

(c) handling, management, treatment: arna érbarthar o chretsit nintá airli armban gl. subditas uiris suis `we have not the management(?) of our wives', Wb. 31c7 . issed as doirbem de uerbo airli sechmadachti foirbthi gl. cuius difficillime est tractatio `the treatment(?) of the perfect preterite', Sg. 168a1 . dligid rimæ oc airli kal—`the law of calculating in settling(?) the kalends', 181a8 . issí ar [n]daga.¤ (sic leg.) gl. contenti sumus, we are well provided for, Wb. 29b17 . ba móu epert in cach ré / a.¤ Dé fri hErind [n-]ūaig, Hail Brigit 2 . forbond dodomanic as dom moo áirli as dom moo cumachtu, LU 10012 = ZCP xviii 197 (`welche gewaltiger ist als meine Handlungs-fähigkeit').


Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-cuirethar or
Last Revised: 2019


Forms: tochraid, dorala, tarla, tachraid, tochur, tachar, docuire, ducuiredar, du-nd-chuirethar, dochuirethar, docorethar, docuiretar, dochuiret, tochre, tocraid, corathar, -tochrathar, -tochra, dochora, rathochra, -dochrat, tochorad, docorad, nothachrad, -tochratis, ducorastar, dochorastár, tochrastar, rothocair, tochuir, tachair, tochratar, tochradar, tochar, tochuirther, dofocuirther, docuirither, tochradar, docuirter, docuired, tochrad, tuichred, ndichret, tuichret, dofóichred, toichred, docuirfed, tochērat, doceradh, tacerad, dofoicherthar, dindrala, torala, tairle, tarlam, doralus, darolus, tarlus, torlus, tairlius, doralais, fris-tarlais, dusrale, toralae, con-darraile, dorala, tarla, tarlathar, daralsat, doralaighset, doralatar, tarlatar, doralad, duralad, ceta-tarlad, do-t-ralaid, tarlaid, dutárlid, doralta, docuiriur, tochuiriur, tochuirim, docuirethar, dochoirethar, docuiredar, tocuiredar, tócurid, tócuired, tocuirid, docuirifar, dorochurestar, dorochuiristar, rothochurestar, ro-s-tochuir, rothochuir, dorochuirsemmar, rom-tochuirseat, dofocuirther, tocuirfiter, tochuiribthe, tocuiredh, tochuired, rodocuirit, tochur, tochuired, tocuread, do-m-cuirethar, dorala, doscuirither, con-tachrad, tocraid, dorala, dorala, tarla

(* to-cuir-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 501 ), in O.Ir. a deponent vb. used in the senses (1) puts and (2) invites . For the development of meaning (2) see Gaidoz, RC xxiii 91 . In O.Ir. (1) occurs chiefly in 3 s. , often in impers. construction; in subj. and pret. the root la- is used side by side with cuir- and the fut. is supplied by *to-(fo)cherr- (cf. 1 cuirid); in (2) all forms are supplied by *to-cuir-. In later Mid.Ir. *to-cuir- comes to be represented by tochraid (tachraid), treated as a simple vb. and often forming an ē-fut. (see TBC-LL¹ 5707 , Cog. 225.18 = LL 309b3 , Acall. 1137 , Aen. 290 ), while dorala or tarla (the former of which survives as late as the 17th cent.) exists independently in the sense met, happened . The form tachraid may be regarded as a lineal descendant of do-cuirethar, dochuir[id], -tochraid rather than as a distinct denom. vb. formed from the vn. tochur, tachar, the syncopated form (common already in Mid. Ir.) being probably due to the need for distinguishing it from tochuirid invites, in which syncope does not as a rule occur. See GOI § 762 . IGT Verbs § 95 .


I In sense puts

(a) Forms from *to-cuir-: Indic. pres. 2 s. docuire, Corm. s.v. taurthait . 3 s. ducuiredar, Thes. ii 19.36 . du-nd-chuirethar, Ml. 35d22 . dochuirethar, BDD 71 . docorethar, 106 . 3 pl. docuiretar, Fianaig. 84 . dochuiret, Metr. Dinds. iii 292 . Ipv. 2 s. tochre, LU 10881 . 2 pl. tocraid, 1486 . Subj. pres. 3 s. do corathar , O'Curry 1999 ( H 4.22 29 ). -tochrathar, Críth G. 418 . -tochra, O'D. 739 ( H 3.17 ( H 3.17, 537 ). dochora, LL 146b . co rathochra , Triads 117 . 3 pl. -dochrat, MacCongl. 99.4 . Impf. 3 s. tochorad, Ml. 44a19 . docorad, BDD 54 . nothachrad, TBC-LL¹ 1180 . 3 pl. -tochratis, RC ix 468.6 . Pret. 3 s. ducorastar, Ml. 52 . dochorastár, LU 5366 (TBC). co tochrastar , IT ii1 184 . rothocair, Metr. Dinds. iii 234 . tochuir, tachair. 3 pl. tochratar, LL 293b25 . tochradar, BB 33b22 , etc. Pass. pres. s. fora tochar (= tocharr, an archaic form), Tur. 14 ( Thes. i 485 ). tarsa tochuirther , Ml. 22c1 . cf. 80b7 and dofocuirther, 18c10 ( Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 301 ). docuirither, Laws i 170 Comm. Ériu ii 120 § 58 , etc. forsa tochradar , BB 330b22 . pl. docuirter, Anecd. v 24 n. 25 . Pass. pret. docuired, PH 7767 . Imr. Brain i 88 . co tochrad , MacCongl. 37.4 .

(b) Forms from to-(fo-)cherr-: Fut. 3 s. ? in (ní?) tuichred , BB 298a24 ( IT iii 15 ). 3 pl. co ndichret , Ml. 44a16 . ? ni tuichret , IT iii 15.4 . Condit. 3 s. dofóichred, Sg. 130b2 . toichred, ZCP i 66 § 113 . Later formations from *to-cuir-: docuirfed, Lec. 458c7 ; tochērat, TBC-LL¹ 5707 , etc. Cf. doceradh, BB 298a25 = tacerad, IT iii 15 (H)?). Pass. fut. dofoicherthar, BDD § 81 .

(c) Forms from *to-ro-la-: Subj. pres. 2 s. dindrala (= dia ndrala?), Bvi 74 ( Thes. ii 37 ). 3 s. torala, Ml. 43b15 . tairle, Ériu iv 24 ( LL 106a ). 1 pl. co tarlam , Fél. Prol. 319 v.l. Perf. 1 s. doralus, Fél. Prol. 15 . darolus, ZCP iv 44.12 . tarlus, LU 3863 ( SCC § 38 ). torlus, SR 1872 . ? tairlius, BS 48.24 . 2 s. doralais, Alex. 946 . fris-tarlais, ZCP iii 206 . 3 s. dusrale, Ml. 23c16 . co toralae , Corm. Y 698 . con-darraile, LL 272b21 . Mid. Ir. dorala, tarla; tarlathar, TBC-LL¹ 2069 . 3 pl. daralsat, LL 169a15 . Cf. doralaighset (they) happened to be, Fl. Earls 188 . doralatar, tarlatar, PH, etc. Pass. perf. s. doralad, Wb. 13d8 , Ml. 14b12 . duralad, 67d9 . ceta-tarlad, LL 515 . do-t-ralaid, SR 1307 . ni tarlaid , 3668 . ? dutárlid, LU 10938 (perh. fr. *to-ad-ro-luid). pl. doralta, Ériu ii 106 § 19 .

II In sense invites. Indic. pres. 1 s. docuiriur, Sg. 16b8 . tochuiriur, Thes. ii 357.1 . tochuirim, Corm. Y 77 . 3 s. docuirethar, Sg. 61a7 . dochoirethar, Ml. 29b1 . docuiredar, tocuiredar, ZCP xii 364 . tócurid, FA § 1 . Ipv. 3 s. tócuired, PH 5829 . 2 pl. tocuirid, 5614 . Fut. 1 s. docuirifar, Ml. 3a1 . Perf. 3 s. dorochurestar, Ml. 16c6 . dorochuiristar, 25c13 . ní rothochurestar , 18d16 . ro-s-tochuir, Leb. Gab.(i) 234 . rothochuir, PH 4413 . 1 pl. dorochuirsemmar, Sg. 6b18 . 3 pl. rom-tochuirseat, CCath. 983 . Pass. pres. s. dofocuirther, Ml. 18c10 (see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 501 ). Fut. pl. tocuirfiter, PH 4346 . Condit. s. ni tochuiribthe , Ml. 128a2 . Pret. co tocuiredh , BB 10a4 , tochuired; rodocuirit (= rotochuiritt), Cog. 74.8 .

Vn. tochur, tochuired.

I As trans. vb. in personal construction

(a) puts, deposits, places , often used as synonym of do-cuirethar or do-beir: is tre ḟír flathemon docuiredar ildelba muir the sea casts up creatures of divers form, ZCP xi 82 = is tré ḟír flatha ildelba il-míli . . . for tráchtaib téchtaib tochratar are deposited (cast up) on shores, LL 293b25 . di[a] ndrala huait if thou put from thee (gl. tolle), Thes. ii 37 . inna hí batar buthi ar thuus, dusrale fodiad he put them last, Ml. 23c16 . is hed doralad hi tossuch, Wb. 13d8 , cf. Ml. 14b12 . in tascair docuirither do tuinn which is deposited by a wave, Laws i 170 Comm. , cf. iv 194 . nech tarsa tochuirther sciath over whom a shield is placed, Ml. 22c1 . ro-tarlait a teinti their fires were placed (i.e. built up), Mer. Uil. 17 . torala Dia ar chēill do degnimu-su may God bring to mind gl. revocetur, Ml. 43b14 . doralus ar m'airi | gréschi occa nguidi, Fél. Prol. 15 . ó doralaim ar m'aire . . . lecca huara (pres. formation based on perf.), AU 877 (poem). tachraid for cēill dāib . . . senscēlai bar muinntire call to mind the traditions of your people, Alex. 191 . Cf. Ériu ii 136 : ar cid aingil nimhe, rosbi crith ┐ uamun intan forathmentar ┐ docuredar ar cēill (leg. forathmenatar ┐ docuretar . . . when they remember and call to mind). dochurusdar Cond an macamh ar comairci Airt placed under A.'s protection, iii 160 . ducorastar Dia deilb mordraige . . . forsinní Dauid, Ml. 52 . tegdais forsa tochar deg-lí anechtair is placed, Tur. 14 . nocon fetur-sa indat ilgné docuirther in folt fair (lit. different ways [in] which the hair is put on him, cf. RC xxiii 91 ), BDD § 105 . forsa tochratis tonna an mara na héicne, RC ix 418 . go rotochuir [an piast] ainbthine dermair forsan muir, BNnÉ 6 . co tocuir tāmnēll fuirri, RC v 199 . doconnairc . . . prinnsa in dorchuttois . . . da tochrad cét cenn fair there were (lit. had been put) a hundred heads, Aisl. Tond. xiv 1 . focherdsat na draoithe gaotha draoidhechta . . . co ttochradh an muirgrian iochtarach for úachtar an mara, Leb. Gab.(i) 256 . cia dám . . . ceta-tarlad for hErend? was first landed, LL 515 . nir tocrad Cessair for rig o sein amach no king was styled Caesar, Lec. 300b49 = ni rotocrad, 304a46 . co ndichret a ndruim fria naimtea will turn their back, Ml. 44a16 , cf. 44b19 . tocraid for ndrommand fri fraigid uli, LU 1486 . dofil in carpat . . . ┐ dorala clār clē frind it has turned its left side to us, TBC-I¹ 1192 (perh. impers.). cléirchin fris tarlais tinne `to whom thou hast shown stiffness', ZCP iii 208 . ni tocrad dam int aitheachmattud glēid frisin coin mōir should not have engaged in fight with, TBC-I¹ 1228 . do-curead cath Ruis F. re Nemed, Lec. 357b2 . rofich cath Naisi fri hEochaid . . . iar cath Chomair fri hEochaid n-eolach trén doralad, 592a26 (cf. do-beir cath). domchurithar Dia isinn abainn, Imr. Brain ii 292 . gidbead dochuirear-sa deit isin dig, nā hob a ōl whatever I put into thy draught, Lec. 155b27 . toichredh a chenn 'sa chuithe he used to plunge his head, ZCP i 66 . rangabusa in n-éicni . . . darolus i lláim na hingine, TBFr. 342 . co ndaralastar (leg. -ralatar) na halma i talmain a chorp the herds trampled his body into the ground, TBC-LL¹ 2056 = gur cuirsit, St. cid ar dotralaid hi cacht? why hast thou been put into durance?, SR 1307 . is i cruinne dorraladh cach dūil . . . is i torachta chruinne doralta na nime, Ériu ii 106 . doscorad (duscorat, v.l.) a triur isin muir plunge into the sea (reflex.), RC ix 460 . is lib-si fessin . . . in chair doralais inar leth-ni the fault you have brought against us, Alex. 946 = Anecd. v 5 . feib leir donralaid do nim | missi ┐ tussu, SR 1787 . conab-torlus a Phardus that I have put you out of Paradise, 1872 . con-dacuired dar cenn was overturned, SG 316 . con-daralsat é 'n-a ágib (i.e. tore him asunder), LL 169a15 .

(b) deposits, produces, brings forth: crann . . . docuiridar tri toraid cacha bliadne, Ériu ii 116 . nói cuill Chrimaill . . . dochuiret tall fon tiprait `drop their fruits', Metr. Dinds. iii 292 (docuredh, tocuread, v.l. perh. pret. pass. have been set, planted round). ba hinund brú rothocair | Fothad ┐ cóelChuirrech the same womb bore, 234 .

(c) throws, casts, sends: tochrae uait cast it from you, TBC-I¹ 1557 (LU) = tochra, YBL. docuire urchar úait, Corm. s.v. taurthait = focheirdi, Corm. Y 1229 . Cf. IT iii 16 § 37 . ni tharlus dom chirt | urcur anfis, LU 3863 ( SCC § 38 ). dochorastair Dochae ga for Fiachaid, TBC-I¹ 2110 . a arat dia tochuirther the distance from which it is shot, Ml. 80b7 . fochres [a c[h]end] isin mBrudin . . . ┐ dorralad eiste, BDD² 1405 . dochorastar echlacha uada, Anecd. iii 65 . dochuiretar sut a comuirli chugat-sa send thee their decision, Fianaig. 84 . docuredh Conall for a lurg, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 36 . docuirethar bedc throws, i.e. makes a start, bound: docuridar bedg de fodes starts off southwards, RC iii 176 . doscuiret[h]ar bedc as fa thuaid, IT ii1 175 . tathchuireathar bedg ar a ceand, BDD² 357 . tacurethar, YBL = docuirethar, Eg. = ta-cuirethar beadg ón tig, 645 . toschuirther beadc a Tracht F. they make a start from, 620 (the constr. here suggests that `beadc' is either nom. or else adverbial accus., the vb. being used impersonally). dochuirethar bedg anís, LL 281b13 ( GJ v 64 ). Cf. foceird b., ZCP viii 104.z .

II As trans. vb. in impers. constr. folld. by prep. phrase or other complement of pred., e.g. do-m-cuirethar lit. it puts me (in a place, condition, etc.), i.e. I happen to be (come). This construction is esp. common with the perf. dorala (tarla) and continues into the Mod. Ir. period.

(a) Of rest: dorala ind aimsir geimrid it happened to be winter, Trip.² 112 . focheirdi erchor uait . . . Docuirethar obonn anmannae ar a chind an animal chances suddenly to be in its way, Corm. Y 1229 (docuirither, LB). dī ōene sechtmaine . . . feib docorathar ind recht | do neoch las mbē nert as it is (laid down) in the law (?), ZCP xiii 29 . dia tarla Cond C. ┐ Eogan T. i comflaithis fo Erind, RC xvi 136 ( Dinds. 132 ). gon domrala crechtach ngarb so that I am wounded, TBC-LL¹ 2338 . cona-tarla faen so that he fell prostrate, Mór M. 267 . nach n-esconn rotmblaisi . . . dorala inna chunn slān became sane, Ériu ii 116 . ó domrala il-ligi leóin, ZCP vi 263 . co na-tarlai ina ṡuidi so that he fell on his haunches, LL 272b21 . dorala in tech ina ráithsechaib briathar, FB § 29 . ro-imthigset i frithsēt Grēg co nustarla tul fri tul i medhon in ṡéta, BB 419a35 . is and dosralai sede tunc, ic Ross na ferta she chanced to be at, Hy. v 65 Comm. ( Thes. ii 343 ). bái mesca mór for Ulto . . . Docuiridar immarbága móra . . . eturro there arise, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 4 . Cf. further: ni chuincem colcthi . . . acht in talam cona sraith trit nó lomm amal docuirether (leg. docuirethar) covered with grass or bare as it may happen to be, Alex. 874 = Anecd. v 3 .

(b) Folld. by prep. denoting motion: doscuirethar as co trāig in baile, IT ii1 178 ; 'they set out' Loinges mac nDuíl Dermait 100 § 20 . conacca . . . dorrala inna huili fiadmila asin fidbaid that all the wild animals had come out of the wood, TBC-I¹ 3108 . domrala don áith I came to the kiln, Fél. p. 12 . dosrala do Dún na mbarc they came to, LL 4b33 . inis diandorala iar n-imram, Anecd. i 53 . toscuirethar dochom tíre they come to land, BDD § 55 . con-domrala dochum slúaig, Metr. Dinds. iii 120 . nirbo chian . . . condarraile (leg. dasraile) dochum indsi till they happened on, LL 283a21 . doluid in gilla . . . conusstarla dochum thopuir till he chanced upon a well, RC xxiv 196 . dotrala f[o] aineolass thou art ignorant, ZCP xiii 3 . [a]n du[c]uiredar bissext for nói kl. when bisext falls on . . ., BCr. 32c10 ( Thes. ii 19 ). fēil docuiredar for Sathurn, Mon. Tall. 135 , cf. intan doscuirither-si for áin, LB 9b10 (pass. ?). rocloenad a thech, con-datarla for a lethbeolu so that it inclined to one side, FB § 25 . ind eclas i tarla grada for Brigit, Hy. v 15 Comm. ( Thes. ii 330 ). dogní Neide glām ndicend dō, co toralae teorae bulgae for a gruadaibh, Corm. Y 698 . docorastar cess ┐ huamhon for na slúagho gloom and fear fell upon the hosts, Ériu ii 100 . co tarla a dí bond bána fair (he fell) with upturned soles, MU² 987 (LU). dichetal for ochtraig, co rathochra a mbi ina íchtur for a úachtar all that is below comes to the top, Triads 117 . dorala ana mbui . . . a n-íchtar an loch[a] co raibi forúachtar, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 32 . co tarla ind ní bāi ina hichtar co mbōi for a hōachtor, Anecd. ii 57 . con-tachrad cach ní nobith a n-ichtur na fairrgi 'na fuachtur, Lec. 569a7 = gu tocraid , BB 40b8 (pret. pass. instead of the impers. constr.). con-dasrala for combáig comimrama they began to race each other in rowing, LL 235a20 . doscuridar iarum for a rith cētnai they resume their course, Ériu ii 126 . documlaiset for fairgi ┐ docorastar a lūi fri tir their stern was turned to shore, Corm. Y 1059 . feib donrala fri comrád as we have fallen into conversation, SR 1214 . fri tala ind ríg . . . domrala tria tinninas I have crossed the king's will through my hastiness, 6188 , cf. 6013 . ní rádi ní tri thalmaidchi, amal dundchuirethar inna beulu as it rises to his lips (`as he takes it'), Ml. 35d22 . cia dotochra a robaegal though thou fall into great danger, BCC § 348 (poem). docuiredar cach ai i tuaim alaile each of them comes into another's place (of three currents meeting in a whirlpool), Corm. Y 323 = docuirither, LB. dotrala i mbeirn baegail, TBC-I¹ 2648 . dotrala ind, RC vi 183 . doscuiredar i cess they fall into sadness, Ériu ii 112 . darrala tar romuir who came over the great sea, Fél. Dec. 8 (darralad, doralaid, donralad, v.l.). focheird rout n-urchair din liathróit, conastarla dar gincraes a bragat dond archoin so that it went past the watchdog's gullet, TBC-LL¹ 1025 . na cōic mnā nostachair tra | maraen ria n-athair suna came here together with their father, BB 408b16 . atnaid id im choiss indaro fi(u)r . . . Docuirethar iarum ina deguid aitherruch (the withe) comes back after him, i.e. springs off (?), RC x 214 .

Later with indep. pron.: co tarla co Beind E. hí she came to, Ériu iii 152 . co ttarla é go Magh Line, BS 104 . tarlu go teach Laidchinn é, Keat. ii 6282 . co tarla Cormac ┐ isi ar oentaig fo cleith, Lec. 366b25 . lucht in feruinn cusa tárla é (of one cast on shore), Laws i 204 Comm. dorala he (Cain) a mbroind Euba in tan do thomail int uball was conceived, Lec. 385a20 ; ? cf. ba hé tatharla inna broind, IT i 139 (LU) = is he tathlai it bruinn, Eg. dusrala iad a n-ailén aili, RC xxvi 138 . mar dorala a n-imfhoixe chomraic na Fraingce íad as they approached the frontier, Fl. Earls 30 . rothimchill cach a chēle dīb . . . ┐ dorala 'n-a comracaib iad they engaged in combat, Celt. Rev. x 314 . ó tharla gan chroidhe dho é seeing he hath no heart to it, Proverbs xvii 16 . durson damsa . . . na mígníma sin do dēnam dam, gid tre anfhis ┐ aneolus dorala iat they have come to pass, Celt. Rev. vii 116 .

(c) do-m-cuirethar do (ar, fri) lit. it puts me to (on, towards), hence I meet, come upon, come across: docuirethar Banba doib i Sleibh M., Leb. Gab.(i) 250 (possibly pers. constr.). docuiridar simind dóib, RC xxvi 10 (LL). conustarla do díb latrandib he met two robbers, Lat. Lives 90 . tarrla ríg Laighen dóibh, Imr. Brain i 66 . co tarla do sē meic dēg Amalgaid, Lec. 124b26 . tarla dhóib a n-esgcaraid, SG 8 . tárla dh'a chéile iat, ML 16 . tarla da chēli . . . clanna Neill ┐ clanna Chaeman, Lec. 171b41 . ni tharla dia muinntir badēin é, Fl. Earls 28 . go ttárla Carbre ┐ rígh bhfear gC. air a chēile, CF 276 (Eg.). go dtarla é ré moghaibh came upon slaves, Keat. iii 2146 . In reciprocal sense: conustarla do Meidb ┐ do Thindi M. and T. met, Ériu ii 178 . tarla do and ┐ d'Adhamhnan, BB 233b3 . co tarla dō ┐ do Dairi ingen Cathair, 6 . dorala do Césair féin ┐ do lucht innsi Bretain C. and the people . . . encountered each other, CCath. 182 . batar maic Miled bliadain i comrige . . . co tarla doib im na trib druimnib until they quarrelled about, Lec. 30b4 . dorala dam arair fri muintir C. I had a quarrel with, MacCongl. 53 . Cf. further: dorala fri Connacht co mór, ōir do marbsat-som a brāithri he was in feud with C., ZCP i 103 , where the construction may be personal (as in III (b) below).

(d) do-cuirethar form (dul, etc.), lit. it puts on me, hence it is incumbent on me, I must: docorastar fair dul do acallaim na hingine it behoved him (?), TBFr. 13 (but perh. pers. constr. `he took upon himself', Gloss.). docorustair fair techt a Manaind, Corm. Y 1059 . co tarla fair techt i n-ailithre (of Colum C.), Lec. 369b9 .

(e) do-cuirethar etarru they fall out, quarrel: cēin co tochra etraibh fein until you quarrel, BNnÉ 90 . tachair eter na mnaibh, ib. darala eturru ic imbert ḟidchilli ┐ Fergus F. and he quarrelled, LL 103b39 . dorala eturru ┐ Munramar, Ériu i 124 . dorala etorra ┐ clann ócc iarla D., AFM v 1718 . 1874 . dorala itir Luicet ┐ Aed . . . isin chath engaged each other, RC v 197 . go tarrla iter Aichlech ┐ Oedh B. gur fersat comlann fria chēli, Fianaig. 94 . go tarla itir in ríg ┐ in rígain, SG 250 . co tarla eatorro im na tri ndromandaib, BB 42b34 = co tarla doib, Lec. 30b4 . tarrla eturru immon n-es, Acall. 7286 . conad impi sein tarla eturru, LL 242a40 .

III During the Mid. Ir. period, when the infixed pron. began to lose its significance, do-cuirethar and esp. the perf. dorala came to be regarded as an intrans. vb. in personal construction in sense of happens to be (come); it is, however, impossible to decide whether the vb. is pers. or impers. in the sing. except in cases where the accompanying noun has distinct forms for nom. and accus.

(a) Of rest, condition: bid hé dochorad and, BDD § 66 YBL = comad he notocrad and, Eg. = co mbad sé nobeth and, LU; ib. § 54 . ní tharla bó isin recleis ind inbhaid sin, Lat. Lives 72 . ní faca riamh abhann ann, ┐ ó tharla an abhann ann, as greama mur tharrla in droichid tairsi as the river is there, it is well there is a bridge across it, Imr. Brain i 64 . is ann dorála in rí ind uair sin, fó bun darach, SG 413 . an eich dorala foa on which he was mounted, AFM vi 2216 . tug . . . urchor do cloich tarla ina láimh which chanced to be in his hand, iv 788 . dorala ambassadóir righ S. sa gcathraigh in tan sin, Fl. Earls 22 . tarla an uair sin duine uasal . . . i bpríosún ag an bprionnsa, Keat. iii 5027 . tarla an tan soin neach cumhachtach 'n-a bhíodhbhadh ag C., ii 4847 . dorala ben an oirchinnigh ag gabail secha . . ., BS 50 . is ann doralae Onchu mac S. marb sechtmain reimhe O. had happened to die a week before, BColm. 46 . doralatar in dā hapstail [déc] uile i n-oen tegdais, PH 5560 . tarladar ceathrar do chloinn C. 'n-a ngiallaibh ag Niall, Keat. ii 5956 . tarladar triúr mac aige he had three sons, 4844 . do chidhfedh mar tharla an tír he would see the country's plight, O'Gr. Cat. 466 .

(b) With prep., etc., denoting motion: is annsin dorala Becuma amach ar an ḟaithche chanced to come out, Ériu iii 162 . ised dorala anair he came from the east, RC xiii 379 . co tacradh ass a bhiadh cōir do chāch, IT iii 188 . co tocraitis asa tíribh do décsain . . . crotha Hectoir they would have come, TTr.² 1091 . doluid A. for iarraid usci ┐ dorala cosin tobur cétna, RC xxiv 198 . dia tarla sí cusin mbandtrebthaig, IT i 48 . ni thacēra d'iarmēirge, Cog. 225 (LL) = ni ticfa don ērmēirge, 10 . araili ailitir dorala do Toirinis, Todd Nenn. 212 . rosirius Magh Fáil . . . tairlius do Cill Uí S., BS 48 . docurethar in lia forru anair the stone lights on them, TBC-I¹ 1415 (LU). doleig side in gae bulgae . . . co tochrastar annuass for a chathbarr, IT ii1 184 . dorala menma Faelain fuirri, RC xxvii 262 . dorála menma a mátha(i)r uirre, RC xxix 120 . conidh hí comairle forsa tarrla the plan he hit upon, CCath. 1378 (perh. impers.). (With reflex. pron.) dosraladar for merugud they began to wander astray, RC xxiv 196 = SG 328 . is mairg ances a bidbaid | in n-inbaid dochora il-lén when he falls into misfortune, LL 146b38 ( PRIA xix 544 ). lēicid C. in gae fair . . . conid anuas docorastar (tocorastar, LU) in-a mullach, TBC-I¹ 1296 . Cf. 3664 . docoras[tar] casal di nim i n-ucht Pátraic, Trip.² 1228 (impers.?). rotheilg L. in ngai . . . co tarlai il-Laeg, RC iii 178 . tharla tuagh Bhrodair i gceann Bhriain, Ériu i 88 . tus in tochrad i m-aigid to see whether she would meet me, Aen. 626 . dochear Lugaid Riabnderg do chumaid a mna . . . ┐ man a claidem fodein dorala he fell on his own sword (?), Lec. 588a43 . cia tochra int espach eturru though the onlooker should come between them, Laws ii 294 Comm.

(c) Folld. by DO (also AR, FRI) meets, comes upon, falls in with (in some of the follg. exx. the earlier meaning of the vb., not that of an intrans. vb. of motion, is still apparent): dogabh ag luamhairecht an curaigh co tarrla oilen ingnadh dō, Ériu iii 156 . docuir Nae an colum da fis an faighbeadh talamh . . . ┐ tarla dō an talumh ina roibhe, etc., Lib. Flav. i 10a30 . docurastar dam lethbarghen cruithnechta ┐ ordu ēisc = I found, got, RC x 90 (perh. impers.). tarla int ailen-sa ar A., ZCP ii 298 . docuiridar Bricriu dóib forsind ḟaithche, LL 186a42 = RC xxvi 12 . tachraid bocht dó ar in conair, Lism. L. 4305 (docuirethar, v.l.). tús . . . in taichēradh dō aen duine, Aen. 290 . dorala dam forsin sét mo choimdiu Ísu, PH 1892 . doralai dias fer n-arsatai dóib, SG ii 467 . co tarla do in bantrebtach, Hy. v 73 Comm. ( Thes. ii 345 ). co ttarla ben-gheilt dó ann, BS 108 . do bhrígh nach dtárla dhamh mo dhearbráthair T., 2 Cor. ii 13 . dochuir Banba doib, Lec. 28a30 . do-ralatar a námaitt dó, BColm. 94 . tarladur na trí righdha so da chéle, ZCP ii 38 . is mairg ar a tocherat, TBC-LL¹ 5707 . tárla bean air, Proverbs vii 10 . go dtarladar trí mic C. orra, Keat. ii 1300 ; 1273 . amail doraladar forsin topur, RC xxiv 202 . dorála a chos fri cloich, SG 403 . tárla trócaire ┐ fírinne ré chéile, Psalms lxxxv 10 . do mharbhsat gach a dtarla riú do lucht an bhaile, Keat. iii 5242 . doraladar a triur frisin n-uasal, YBL 191a16 . go dtarladar ladrainn ris, TSh. 1450 .

(d) With FRI encounters, opposes (this use is spec. frequent with the late form tachraid): roḟācaib [Fiacha] a clanna dia ēis . . . do thochar ria Padraic . . . ┐ ni tharla neach aile do cloind Ḟiachach fris acht Fothad F. amain, Lec. 143a37 . ni thagraim leat, a L., | ná re Tadg ré dtarlabhair with whom you are engaged in dispute, Content. xi 15 . mairg thochras ri clērchib cell, LL 149b26 = thochrus fri, SG 70 , 78 . gach nech tochrus ré rí[g] réil, Fianaig. 80 . tachraid re chele, Caithr. CC 52 . ba tresi nā gach trēn rotac[h]rad fris, BB 488b24 . baoi do mhéd a mhenman . . . go ttochairfedh friú, AFM v 1766 . ēcoir d'Fathod tachair frim . . . | ní do deoin Luighdech Meic Con | do thaichérad frim Fathod, Acall. 1137 . gomtis ionchatha ┐ co ttochraitis friu, Leb. Gab.(i) 144 . i mbeilgibh bélchumhgaibh i ttoc[h]raittís re aroile, AFM vi 2112 .

(e) With DO falls to the lot of, happens to, befalls (rarely in this sense with infd. dat. pron. instead of do): nachustarla anfaitchess may negligence never come upon them, BColm. 50 . dorala cōir gāithi doib fochedoir, Lec. 569a25 . co tarla anfud mór doib, Hy. v 13 Comm. ( Thes. ii 328 ). co tarla doib imsreang curad (i.e. they engaged in struggle), Lec. 352a44 . Fiacha Fear dā liach . . . .i. liach do cach echt dorala do, 337b42 . cia imned dorala duib?, ACL iii 225 . dorala gnim n-ingnad do he happened to do a strange thing, Ériu v 114 . o tharla dhuit an gním olc, SG 29 . gia nothachrad écht dó, TBC-LL¹ 1180 . cia and do ná tochradar | bét no bine nó baeghul?, ZCP iv 468 . do Chonall dorala imdegail in chóicid it fell to C. to guard, TBC-I¹ 592 LU. rolaesead dā mac Miled crandchar iar sin forsan aes dāna .i. file ┐ cruitire . . . do Erimon dorala in file, BB 42b13 . certar crandchor léo dūs cia do thoc[h]radh dul . . . Dochuir (dofuit, v.l.) son don tres comalta, RC x 78 . rolaset chrandchor . . . conid don dull dorala tec[h]t sis, Hy. v 13 Comm. ( Thes. ii 328 ). is ann dorala dosom a denam, Hy. i Pref . ( Thes. ii 298 ). is grad epscuip dorala do epscop Mél do thabairt for Brigit, Hy. v 15 Comm. ( Thes. ii 330 ). condarala di turgnom catha Findchorad she happened to be preparing for, Ériu ii 184 . as ag an mbile sin dorala do Dhomhnall do ueith, BS 16 . dia tochrad dó Hectoir do thuitim leis, TTr.² 973 . as maith tarrla dúind an chailleach do marbudh it is well for us that we have killed, Imr. Brain i 65 . dorala do B. beith ag saigdeoracht, Todd Nenn. 38 . is amlaid dorala do C. beith ┐ ingen alaind aici in tan sin C. happened to have a beautiful daughter, Lec. 168b16 . condusrala do Meidb dola co Boind, Ériu ii 178 . dorala intan sin do M. condacaid aislingi, ACL iii 10 . tarla dona beachuibh co ndeachadur . . ., Ériu ii 82 . tarla do beirt saighdiuir go ndechator astech i n-aroile egluis, Fl. Earls 60 .

(f) Hence in general sense of comes to pass, happens, takes place (chiefly in perf. dorala, tarla). With noun as subj. often in sense of there was , or in impers. constr. with inf. phrase or subord. sent.: forcaemnacair (.i. tarla), ACL iii 10 . in tan dorala in scēl-sa and when this event took place, PH 46 . cethracha rig dorala frisrohicad borama | o aimsir Thuathail . . . there were forty kings, Lec. 40b28 (perh. rather to be referred to II (a) = dorala cethrachait r.). ní tharla il-leitrib na lāidib . . . aen-triar ban neither in books nor songs is found a trio, 395a13 (II (a)?). go ttárla sneachta mór fán am sin ann, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 40 . tárla méad meanman na bhfoireann ar gcriothnughadh na long the courage of the crew was aroused, ML 46 . tarla iomchaineadh . . . eitir M. ┐ mhnáoi oile a dispute arose, BS 142 . tarla imressan eturru, Acall. 2717 . an ferand fa tharla imresuin adrum-sa ┐ C., BCC 179 . darala debaigh mor etarru, YBL 164b10 . tohruid (sic) frithnois fuigill etorro an altercation arises, Cog. 142 = tohraid (sic) frithnos, 144 . gidh bedh tochrus do bar comhrag-si whatever be the issue of your combat, Aen. 2968 (= quo res cumque cadent, Aeneid xii 203 ). maith tharla it is well, Keat. ii 4725 . dorala . . . Gortigernd mac G. do gabail airdrigi Breatan, Todd Nenn. 74 . amal dorala na dūile do chumscugud oc cēsad Crist, PH 1078 . dorala conid si sein aimser . . . (= contigit quod), Lat. Lives 5 . dorala co ndechsat immach (= casu accidit ut . . .), 76 . conid tairle co n-ebarthar mac ríg frim mac may it come to pass that, Ériu iv 24 . gé tharla gur fhōbair . . ., Fl. Earls 68 . dorala iar n-ég Gorthemuir . . . doronsat Saxain meabail for B., Todd Nenn. 102 .

IV Invites, summons (this sense may have arisen out of the meaning puts in cases where the vb. was folld. by co): gl. adsciscere, Ml. 25c13 , Sg. 6b18 , 16b8 , 61a7 ; arcessere, Sg. 184a2 ; citare, Ml. 3a1 ; exciere, 16c6 , 18d6 ; invitare, 29b1 , O'Mulc. 527 ; postulare, Corm. Y 77 . tocuiriur etrum indiu inna huli nert-so fri cech nert I summon today all those powers (put . . . between me and?), Hy. vi 48 ( Thes. ii 357 ). docuirethar cétna persan sin persana aili chucae takes other persons to it, Sg. 191a2 . docuiredar gōi, inairben fīr; tocuiredar ēcert, inarben cert, ZCP xii 364 . tócurid [in comdiu] dochum nimi chuci lucht na deirce, FA 1 (LU). tocuirid na sualchi, dichurid na dualchi, PH 5614 , cf. 4992 - 5 . intí is cendais . . . tócuired in fergach co mín (= revocet), 5829 . muna tocuirit fein chuca iat, Laws v 458 Comm. rotochuir an tír chucca, Hugh Roe 36 . rostochuir ┐ rostiomairg fine Gaoidil, Leb. Gab.(i) 234 . rotocuirisdair G. cuice dā druid dēg, Todd Nenn. 90 . romtochuirseat ina ndocum, CCath. 983 . tochuirter iatt gusin gcaislēn, Fl. Earls 70 . co tocuiredh Eoin . . . ó Ispís ad Bathmos, BB 10a4 . rotochuiredh do a brathair, LL 402b52 . rotocuiret dia indsaighidh a slōigh, 404b39 . rodocuirit (ro tochuiritt, v.l.) Dailcais uli cucu, Cog. 74 .


Cite this: eDIL s.v. intliuchtach or


Forms: intle(a)chtach

adj o, ā (intliucht). Late Mid. and Mod. Ir. intle(a)chtach.

I intelligent, intellectual, ingenious, skilful: is tróg ni-forn-intliuchtach ye are not intelligent, SR 1238. do bi ainglidhe ó fhaicsin, ┐ indtlechtach o ecna, ZCP iii 568.3 . ba foirfe i ngach foghluim ba hinntleachtach i ngach ealadhain `ingenious in each art,' Ériu v 78.12 . do gabatar ... um na lebar-thēduib co haithnidh inntlechtach, ML² 684. gasta, glic, inntleachtach, expert, cunning, Eg. Gl. 358. misi an eagna ... do gheibhim amach éolus ar neithibh inntleachtacha, Proverbs viii 12. go ngāirdínip deigh-dēnmhacha inntleachtacha uisgemhla ingenious, Fl. Earls 72.9 . go ndā pālāss ro-onōracha arna suidiugadh go hinntleachtach, 78.z. go ndoctūiribh onōracha inntlechtacha, 180.13 . ro fuapretar na Grecai comuirli mbregaidh n-índtlechtaig iarna chul cunning , LL 406a34 .

II an intelligent man, a thinker: a coic cach lae d'ḟiss ... | dlegair do cach i.¤ five points of knowledge concerning each day which every intelligent man should know, SR 262. ecnaid derrscaightech amail Sholmain ... i.¤ amhra amail Aguistin, Lism. L. 3322.


Cite this: eDIL s.v. taeb or
Last Revised: 2019


Forms: tóib, tōib, tóeb, tóib, toib, tóeb, tuib, taib, taoibh, thóib, thóeb, thoib, táib, tóebu, tóebaib, toeibi, taoíbhe, táib, taib, táeib, taoib, tháib, tháobha, taíbe, toibe, taoibhe, tōeba, taeba(dh), taobha, thaobha, taepa, taobha, taoibh, taoibh, taobha

n o, m., later also ā, f. and u, m. As o, m. n s. tóib, Wb. 21c6 . tōib, Bruchst. i 37 § 89 . tóeb, LU 3401 . a s. tóib, Wb. 15b2 . toib, Ml. 131c12 . tóeb, LU 3356 . g s. tuib, Thes. ii 254.4 . taib, PH 271 . taoibh, A. Ó Dálaigh viii 5. d s. thóib, Wb. 20d13 . thóeb, LU 8341 . n du. thoib, Ml. 67d14 . n p. táib, TTr. 1715 . a p. tóebu, SR 6162 . Fél. Ep. 324 . d p. tóebaib, TBFr. 40.

As ā, f. g s. toeibi, RC vii 363.34 . taoíbhe, ALC i 6 note . a d s. táib, KMMisc. 266.2 . taib, LU 3446 . táeib, PH 4426 . taoib, CS 124 note 2 . a du. tháib, IT i 68.6 . n p. tháobha, Ezekiel xlviii 1 . IGT Decl. § 39 . The g s. taíbe occurs also as masc.: isind achsaill toibe deiss I., LB 251a68 = Ir. Eccles. Rec. ii (1865) 176.8 . an taoibhe , AFM v 1636.z . Content. xiii 34 . Hence noted as [s], n. in Wi, PH, etc.

As u, m. g s. tōeba, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 17 § 4 . taeba(dh), Laws iv 74.22 Comm. an taobha , IGT Decl. ex. 979 . A. Ó Dálaigh xxx 14. IGT Decl. § 38.

Note also d s. thaobha, Content. xiii 9 . taepa, Fl. Earls 164.19 . 172.33 . Perh. infl. by the phrase gacha taobha (adverbial g s.).

I side in concrete sense.

(a) Opposed to airchend end (of field, etc.): congaibther tóib et airchinn and `side and front are held together in him' (corner-stone), Wb. 21c6 . ar congaibsom toíb ┐ erchinn issuidiu, Ml. 131c12 . fer i taib (.i. in fata) no [in] airceand (.i. ín gairit), Laws iv 120.y .

(b) side of human, animal's body: síc rundgabsat ar ṅda thoib du ditin ar n-inmedonachni, Ml. 67d14 . fosceirdside issa tír súas in slig, ┐ a mmíl inna tháeb, TBFr. 236 , `while the monster held on to his side,' Études Celt. ii 8 . comben a chend den míl co mbaí fora thóeb, TBFr. 241 . dobert brat fa a taob, Mon. Tall., 155.9 . ní thabair a th.¤ re lár does not lie down, SG 172.6 . Adam ... iar tepe Eua as a thoeb, PH 3428 . cech taebh dom thaobaib gelaib | bid tana o daolaibh dubae, ACL iii 216.18 . d'fertuis do taebh seda seng, IGT Decl. ex. 548 . In n. pr. Fastaib mac Lonlongen, MacCongl. 77.21 . Of Christ's side: geguin ... tóeb án álaind Íssu, Fél. Oct. 23 . goin an taoibh, A. Ó Dálaigh viii 5. side of face, cheek: áille táobh nglan do ghrúaidhe, IGT Decl. ex. 1066.

(c) Hence by metonymy the human body, form: a toeb seng seta sidhamach, IT i 120.4 . inat mo thaeibh isin indsi-sea, Lism. L. 2438 . is tretholl do thaebh, TTebe 3599 . ceilt gach taoibh leabhair fa lic, Dán Dé xxv 13.

(d) Of hills, etc.: toéb Tailltenchláir, Ériu iv 98.7 . buinne milis a táobh tolcha, Studies 1919, 75 § 18 . Of a territory: im thaebaib Totham, SR 3104 . im tháebaib an talman da gach leth, RC xxiv 373.23 . is íad so a tháobha soir ┐ síar, Ezekiel xlviii 1 . Of a building: a t.¤ ind lis, TBC-LL¹ p. 673 . ar taebh in dunaidh, Stair Erc. 1167 . go taobh an tighe neamhdha, Dán Dé vi 6 . Of a vessel: a dorus assa firthoeb (of Ark), SR 2468 . im stuagach .i. cilorn .i. bis ┐ an stuag as a taib, Laws i 134.4 Comm. mar théid clár a taoibh thunna, Studies 1924, 89 § 30 . page (of book): isin scribtuir ... cia beth do thoib inti ... asa ṅgabtha nuimir, Rawl. 75a49 . cíall fhíre na taoibhe daille-so `of this obscure page,' ALC i 6 n. .

Various: i tóeb na gabla, LU 4808 . scéith ... co n-esnadaibh ... iarna tóebaib, TBFr. 40 . fa thaobh leice | do loighis, Dán Dé xvi 22 . ní bhearrfuid táobh a bhféasog, Levit. xxi 5.

Attrib. g s.: ar na sleasaibh taoibh `the side walls,' TD 11.17 . éadach taoibh ` shroud ,' A. Ó Dálaigh xli 9.

II In certain more abstract senses.

(a) side in a dispute argument, fight, etc.: cid he in cu risi ndechaid taib `the dog which he went to help,' Laws iii 196.12 . isin dreim sin ris i ndecha taebh the party whose side he takes, Eg. 88 fo. 29 ( O'Curry 2377.20 , 21 ). bí ar mo thaobh a Thríonóid, A. Ó Dálaigh iv 7 . feall taoibhe an untrustworthy companion, DDána 55.6 . an rí go n-a shluagh do thaoibh ┐ Guaire ... don leith oile, Keat. iii 927.

(b) direction, part, region: tighearna an taoibhe thoir do Cloinn Choiléín eastern part of, AFM v 1636.z . fo tháeb in talman an-des, RC xxiv 373.1 . d'ionnlach an taoibhe theas `the South ,' Content. xiii 34 . ós tú tóir an taoibhe `since Thou art the stay of Thy people,' A. Ó Dálaigh iv 7. do teilgeadh don t.¤ oile ... lucht oileamhna an iomarbhais were cast out (i.e. of heaven into hell), PBocht 16. 2 , see note. gidh bé taobh a niompoighionn, Proverbs xvii 8 .

(c) fine taíb, see taebfine.

(d) side, branch of family , see V (d) ii infra.

III trust, reliance, confidence (fri, later la in).

(a) ba hédána leis t.¤ fri Ciarán, SG 52.14 . toeb fri bennachtain `faith in a blessing,' Ériu vii 154.7 = ZCP iii 26.11 . ba t.¤ re tollairbe do thigearna t.¤ re ferglonnaib bar firlaech-si `trusting to a broken fence,' MR 126.9 ; cf. ZCP viii 203.15 , Content. viii 19 . taobh re guidhe fhir eile, Dán Dé vii 29 . ? To this: t'olc a dhuine as deaghtháobha | da ccuire ort aithmhéla, IGT Decl. ex. 1045.

(b) In phr. do-beir t.¤ fri trusts, confides in: fri corpthadid ... doberat iudei tóib, Wb. 15b2 . ní ní i n-Erind áin | risi tabraim thoéb, LU 9968 . on uaimh risa tartais taob, Anecd. ii 37 § 3 . tabhraidh taobh re sruith-nert, BNnÉ 308.6 . ZCP x 43.8 . do-beir t.¤ do x fri y entrusts x to y: suil do beradh taobh da bhaidh | le drochbreithir nD., Cog. 88.24 . riom-sa as mó dobheir Dia taobh | don naoidhin, BNnÉ 132.17 . But: tugsat taobh re Laighnibh a g-coigeadh féin dia n-eis `confided to the keeping of the Leinstermen,' ML 60.12 . With other verbs: leigim táobh riot mhuile dhochas, Parrth. Anma 294.11 . taebh leis rolamhusan, ZCP viii 206.19 . nocha raghaind [si] re taobh I would not rely on them, x 30.29 . urusa teacht ar a thaobh, ` trust in (?)' A. Ó Dálaigh xxxiii 2. In the follg. exx. the sense may be the same, though various translations are given by editors: contardad tōeb fri muir `keeping along the sea,' Fianaig. 36.6 . ni rolam táeib ríu, acht tánic cách díb sech a chéile ` accost ,' TTr.² 454 . ni tucsad na mic righ Laighnecha taobh fris in nGiúsdís `did not side with,' ALC i 384.20 . is fri senchus ... dobeir int airecht t.¤ concerns itself with (?), ZCP xii 359.21 (cf. taebairecht). (?) o robtar anffuirithe do bertsat taobh friú acc airisiumh fri a n-orducchadh `turned aside from them,' AFM vi 2284.7 . tōeb frisin cocad núa | ni ḟulaing in senrūa ` awaiting ,' RC xiii 397.5 . ar ndul duit i gcré ... ní thiobhrainn riot taobh I would not lie with thee (?), DDána 8.9 .

(c) tae(i)b fri with adjectival force relying on, dependent on, hence having no other ... but (perh. orig. dat. of accompaniment): t.¤ re lēgenn cretrai is chīn, ACL iii 306 § 11 . go mbiodh féin taobh riu mar bheathadh depending on them for food, BNnÉ 165.34 . níor bho lór leis na tréinfhearaibh a bheith taobh ris na háládhuibh sin to have only those wounds, ML 88.11 . taobh re freagra ar labhradh leam | níor anais `you were not satisfied with answering what I said,' Content. viii 9 . nach taoibh ris an aon-bhás gcorpardha bhíd exposed not merely to the death of the body, TSh. 3851 . taoibh riú do thuarastal they have no other reward than these, 10128 . ná bí táobh ré do thuigsi féin `lean not unto thine own understanding,' Proverbs iii 5.

IV In various adverbial phrases:

(a) With following adverb anís, anuas, etc.: ┐ a leburbarc in t.¤ anís ┐ forran na tonn anuas from below, Aen. 246 . ó thá seanT. taobh thall, TD 17.14 . madh glan an corp don taoibh thall, Dán Dé xxvii 31 . taobh a sdigh, Donlevy xii 8.

(b) With cech on each, every side , in g s. or governed by preposition: ag amharc uaim gacha taobha , Feis Tighe Chonáin 1184 . do bhris hi gacha taebha, ITS xix 26.24 . do cach taibh ┐ do cach leth, TTebe 3619 (cf. 3773 ). dá bhféachadh neach ar gach taobh, Content. v 17.

(c) ón taíb co araile from one side to the other , Sc.M² 3.5 . cur-ua taobhtholl treghdai an (leg. ón ?) toebh co 'raill andsin P. through and through , TTebe 3824 .

(d) t.¤ fri t.¤ side by side, adjoining each other, together: atát ... a da fert táib fri táib and sin béus, LL 12b34 . toeb fri toeb is Muir Romuir on either side of M.R., Rawl. 78a9 . do druidsed na het(h)aidi ... t.¤ re t.¤ ... fīarut Érend, ZCP v 22 § 12 . call is abhall taobh re taobh, Dán Dé ix 24 . taobh ar taobh, PBocht 1.4 .

(e) d'aent.¤

(i) together, united: is d'oén(oén)taib bátar ind fir se hi cend Ulad, LU 3446 . dochuiretar sút a comuirli dēntáib chugat-sa, Fianaig. 84.17 . dom breith d'éantaoibh da thigh thuas `Who brings me with Him,' A. Ó Dálaigh xxxii 3 .

(ii) simultaneously: díth dá marcraidh mac úi Chaoimh | díth da nollamnaib d'aontaoibh, O'Gr. Cat. 444.8. gidh a nen taib doniter an toirneach ┐ an teinnteach, Ir. Astr. Tr. 154.9 .

(f) do th.¤ aside, laterally: romarb D. in dreim caém | iar comrac dáib and do thaeibh, LL 153b28 . cumal dire dibh do derbhbrathair, do taoibh `to a brother, collaterally,' Laws iv 258.19 Comm. sceinm do cul no do thaeib rebounding backwards or sideways (of a flail), v 158.10 , 12 Comm. , cf. iii 180.10 . dá mbeidís dá chonnsuine édtroma do tháoibh side by side , IGT Introd. 9.18 .

V In prepositional phrases.

(a) Without preposition or adverb: bíd measardha taoibh bídh ┐ díghe as regards , Corp. Astron. 70.17 , cf. 96.2 . taoibh na gcáilidheachta do-beir na comarthaidhe so do na créatúiribh on account of , 122.13 .

(b) With foll. adv. and prep. (a prep. frequently precedes as well): a fiacla ... don toéb muigh da mórchend outside , Fianaig. 64.15 . taobh astigh do se bliadhnuibh deug under twelve years of age, MS. Mat. 578.46 . don taobh eile d'Oirghiallaibh, TD 13.17 . do'n táibh tuas dinn above us, O'Gr. Cat. 291.38. taobh istigh dhe sin, TSh. 8958 . taobh astoigh dā gach nduine, Celtica iv 119 § 31 . ataid don taobh amuigh don Eaglais, Parrth. Anma 109.2 . Cf. taobh amuigh go n-admhamaoid ar gcreideamh, foillsighmíd · gurab criosdaidhedha sinn not only do we admit our faith, but we show, etc., 51.1 . don taibh amuich do peacadh marbta `a moins de pècher mortellement,' Études Celt. ii 290.7 .

(c) With preceding and following prep.: da gach thaib dib, TTebe 2226 . anaidh ann so ... d'entaibh rinne along with us, KMMisc. 319.2 . 's an ógh don taobh oile uaim, PBocht 18.5 .

With preceding preposition and following genitive or preceding possessive.

(d) With de (in some cases possibly do ?)

(i) beside, on one side of: a n-inad diamair ... do taibh in muighi, TTebe 3836 . do thoeb ele in ádnacthi, PH 2968 . a Tuillsci do t[h]aobh C[h]ruachan, ML² 2054 . anadh dá dtaobh let Him stay beside them, PBocht 3.24 . Cf. ní fachaidh sē ēnni do thaebh in tíre acht slūaigh armtha `over all the land,' ZCP vi 45.23 . méala ag teacht dá dtaobh `from them,' Aithd. D. 52.5 .

(ii) in regard to, with respect to, concerning (cf. is a himut t.¤ as dochar hē `in many respects it is injurious, Marco P. 24 ): do t.¤ na ngras n-imarcach tucc se do, BCC 378.29 . na tindlaicthe roarda do t.¤ an t-shaegail `too great endowments as regards the world,' 2.18 . pian trom do thaobh fhuachta torture by cold, DDána 32.33 . do thaobh toile willingly , 40.29 . an deithbhir atá idir na húghdaraibh seo do thaoibh an fhocail seo, Keat. i 102.93 . cuid don bheagán breise féin | do ghéabhthaoi libh do thaobh Néill `which you might find N. to have,' Content. v 118 . With reference to descent from one side or another of the family: do shliocht Eachdhach ... dó do thaoibh a athar on the father's side, Mart. Don. 260.4 . do thaoibh ban is dar mbunadh | Tomás Iarla Urmhumhan `on the female side,' Content. xxix 33 . don taobh 'n-ar dhuine an Dúileamh, DDána 23.4 .

(iii) on account of, as a result of: do thaobh a mbrathairsi re aroile, AFM iii 634.12 . do thaob tnútha `from jealousy,' Content. vi 77 . is mór da thaoibh t'oirbhire `great contempt hast thou therefor,' Ir. Monthly 1919, 344 § 72 . gibé thí do thaobh t'eachtra `whatever comes of thy venture,' Studies 1921, 74 § 10 . gach ní órduigheas an eagluis da th.¤ sin `for that purpose,' Donlevy 314.12 .

(iv) from, having regard to: cobhair dá taobh sireadh sé `let him ask help of her,' Studies 1927, 439 § 21 . tig do thaobh na hannsachta | a bhreath broide `from very love,' PBocht 11.1 . mar is follus do thaoibh Elias, TSh. 8433 . tuigthe do thaobh an tsoisgéil ... go mbia, PBocht 14.1 .

(v) do thaoibh Eibhir ... tarla an t-oirfideach `to E. fell the musician,' Studies 1920, 98 § 6 . díon cháigh is dá taobh tarla `the world's salvation is with her,' 1932, 242 § 3 .

(e) With fri (ré, la).

(i) beside, near: bróenán fola ... la toeb crand, LU 3839 . fri toeb in chuirp, PH 811 . le taobh an roid near the highway, BNnÉ 253.13 . ri for bith fria thaebh `any king on his frontiers,' Marco P. 127 . núall ri táeb reilcci, ZCP v 496 § 4 = Measgra D. 42 § 4.

(ii) along, by the side of: tancatar na sluaig fri t.¤ na Glassi, TBC-LL¹ 1582 . snidig banna la t.¤ na columna, PH 6356 - 61 . roelus mo enur uaithib re t.¤ in mara (`to the sea'), TTebe 2054 .

(iii) as well as, in addition to, besides: ré taoibh a bhiata (sic leg.) don t-sluagh, TBC-LL¹ 6114 . cuic seoit re taob sin, Laws i 104.13 Comm. la taobh gacha maithesa oile, AFM i 534.8 . re t.¤ conad greit rig is brathair bailcc duinne in addition to being, Fél.² ciii 32.

(iv) in comparison with, compared with: clú maithesa ní mhaídh neach | re taíbh maithesa Muimhnech, IGT Decl. ex. 1007 . ré thaoibh gá mo míorbhuile `what greater miracle is there than that?' Dán Dé vi 41 .

(v) with respect to: in cutruma ro hícfaitsim re t.¤ sin amach `in respect of it,' Laws iii 160.14 . cóir do ghabh Torna ré dtaoibh | do seacht gceathrair `T. took the right course in reference to your twenty-eight kings,' Content. iv 44.

(vi) tucus ri toeb crīche cia hēraic bad mó `I left it to the choice of the territory which eric would be greater,' PRIA iii 3rd ser. 552 § 43 ( LL 147a50 ). ? narap dál bas sía | ra táib dia dénaid, SG 377.6 (= RC xiii 76.6 `let there be no agreement more lasting than that which ye make'). la tóeb na llā lān-garit `throughout the all too short days' ( in anticipation of ?), Ériu vii 2.8 . maircc don fhine téid re a thaoibh `woe to the sept that sides with him,' ZCP x 32.10 .

(f) With i n-.

(i) beside, near: cocairse cach ae dib hi taíb alaile, LU 8601 (FB) `the harmonious adjustments of each of them beside the other,' ZCP iii 419 . bruigen F.M. a taebh Luscai, Sc.M² R § 1.12 .

(ii) as regards, with respect to: atcūalaidh ... beccān do brīathraib slānaighibh 'na thaibh-siumh `as regarded him,' RC xxv 394.11 . a los tnútha i dtaoibh eagnaigh `your jealousy of him as a sage,' Content. x 25 . re bhfuil im thaobh `of all my conduct,' PBocht 1.25 . i dtaobh ar seinchion as a result of , Aithd. D. 66.19 . bheith san guasacht a mbātor a ttaep se(ac)hrāin ┐ aineōluis ┐ teirce dighe, Fl. Earls 10.31 .

(iii) cuir mo mheanma i dtaoibh [do] thoile `set my mind upon thy love,' A. Ó Dálaigh xvii 3 ( O'Gr. Cat. 539.11 ). féagh libh an dtuilltir na taobh `see if ye merit at her hands,' A. Ó Dálaigh iii 1. a d'taobh me fhágbáil cómh fada a b-péinn, Oss. vi 96.12 .

(g) With imm (fo): fo taob mic foesaim in favour of (?), Laws ii 282.16 Comm. feran eclasa, cid fo taobh tuaithe, cid fo taob ecalsa in respect of (?), v 316.3 Comm. (cf. ii 30.23 Comm. ). firtuiges he fo t.¤ anfine o flaith eachtrand `on the side of an extern,' v 462.15 Comm. fam thaobh is tráth síodha `'tis time for peace with me,' A. Ó Dálaigh iv 1.

(h) With ó: ó dhá thaoibh nó a trí `on more than one account,' Aithd. D. 100.9 .

(i) With tri: is tria n-a táib tucsat na claidib in Furbaide on account of her (?), LL 125a3 .


(a) With nouns. ¤ammus flank attack: ga ttacmaing ┐ ga ttimchealladh ... gá ttaobhammus (sic leg.), AFM vi 2056.26 . ? ¤chomach: denam a forgneama iter tigib ┐ t. ` out-houses ,' Hy Maine 90.12 . ¤druimm side of the back: claideb ... iarna th., TBC-LL¹ 5389 = iarna formnai, TBC-I¹ 3287 . ¤gael: an taobh-ghaol thall do thiormuigh `His heart-love,' Ir. Monthly 1928, 439 § 20 . ¤glaine purity of body: tāebgloine an tālgadha, ZCP viii 200.21 . ¤imell border, boundary: dar taeb-imlib in betha, MR 112.14 . ¤léim jumping aside: an inmhe is each fíorchaillteach | ní haoinreim dha heurma soin | taoibhléim deunmha 'na deaghaidh, L. Cl. A. B. 172.8 . ¤ler: a th. nach te `ruffled surface' (of a lake), Metr. Dinds. iii 378.19 . ¤lerg sloping side: fo tarrib t. tuignech, Auraic. 5152 . ¤letrad hacking the side, body: na cailleacha ... 'ga thaebhledragh, Ériu iii 166.21 . ¤lot wounding the side, body: ag toghail troch 'gá dtaobhlot, TSh. 6633 . Of bad weather injuring a horse, 2562 . Of a boat, 734 . a tír uile agá taoblot, Caithr. Thoirdh. 10.9 . ¤lomradh shearing, devastating: tír T. do taobhlomrad, Caithr. Thoirdh. 17.3 . ¤rád: gan taobrádh ag duine ar a degheinech `no man sought with sidelong hints to fleck his honour,' Caithr. Thoirdh. 31.31 . ¤rigne sluggishness: an t-each ... dá mbeith ... taoibhrighne innte, TSh. 10668 . ¤shnám swimming on the side: ic culshnámh ┐ ic t. ┐ ic traigirsnám, Acall. 3212 , cf. 3785 . ? ¤tidrone: la t. Cormaic `um C. zu verspotten (?),' ZCP xiii 254.11 . ¤thomus side measurement: tri athcomairc cech doruis | cain glanthogairt toebtomuis, SR 462 . ¤thrácht: do toeb-tracht in tened hearth (?), BDD 155.10 . ¤thurtaid: culturtaid ┐ t. ... in aith ` side-striking ,' Laws iii 224.1 . ¤ucht breast: ar tonnaibh an taobhochta, Studies 1932, 433 § 5 .

Other nominal compds. treated separately.

(b) With adjj. ¤adbal huge-sided, spacious: do threb thóeb-adbal, Metr. Dinds. iii 350.44 . drong tóeb-adbal, SR 8253 . ¤álaind fair-sided: conice in tulaigh taebalaind, Acall. 2803 note . fúathróc ... thaebalaind, TTr. 1541 . ¤balc strong-sided: a fhir ... | cosa thathig tond taebalc, LL 211b44 (but see Metr. Dinds. iii 426.2 s.v. taet). ¤chirrthe having the body hacked, wounded: ba tren talchar taebchirrthi rocuired in chuibleng sin, Aen. 2015 . tren-fhir thaeb-chirrthi, MR 238.24 . ¤chorr: tolcha taobhchorra ` smooth-sided ,' Studies 1920, 568 § 20 . ¤chúrtha wounded in the side: tesgtha taobhchurtha, Comp. CC 126.21 . ¤daingen firm-sided: eathar ... taobh-dhaingean, TD 7.37 . ¤dána lit. bold-sided: na secht nime ... gebaid tene toebdana | otha thurcbail co fuined, SR 8263 . ¤dein pure-sided: greni fri turcbail toebdein, SR 4434 . ¤derg red-sided: ar n-a loscud o na haithindib taeb-derga, TTebe 3146 . ar thindib taeb-derga ... tellaig, MR 238.8 . ¤díllid (?): mar táid na litre 'na línibh | 'na sráid thilte thaoibh-dhíllidh, Ériu v 58.100 . ¤donn brown-sided: na mbeann dtaobhdhonn, TD 28.22 . ¤dorcha dark-sided: is tiugha taebdorchai tonna srotha Ismen, TTebe 3602 . ¤étrocht bright-sided: barruachtar a tonn tulgorm taebedrucht, CCath. 870 . ¤fota long-sided, tall (of persons): maccán Eithne tóebfhotta, Trip. 150.12 = Three Hom. 98.30 . toebfota Temrach long-sided one of Tara (Niall Nóigiallach), RC xxiv 192.6 . ¤ḟrémach: tamhan ... taeb[ḟ]remach widely rooting, MR 98.13 . ¤gel white-sided, bright-sided, fair in form: a Dauid toebgil, SR 6366 . a theglach toebgel, 7594 . rith find fris' tóibgel tondat, Imr. Brain 4 . acc brisedh tor ttaobhgheal ┐ caislén ccomdaingen, AFM v 1658.27 . ¤gerrtha hacked: ina ttamhnaibh taoibhgherrtha, AFM v 1758.15 . ¤glan pure-sided, fair-sided: Temuir thōibglan, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 20.7 . for tractaib taeb-glanna, TTr. 1146 . tonda ... taebglana, TTebe 3532 . os ferlannaib ... in prephir taeb-glain, MR 112.11 . ¤glas green-sided: dar rian re[i]dmas tond dian t., Anecd. i 68 § 159 . ort a t. a tulach, Acall. 739 n. . ¤gorm blue-sided: asa truaill taebguirm, TTebe 974 . ¤grind: tech mór fo thalmain t., Metr. Dinds. iii 246.68 v.l. (-tirim text). ¤lán pregnant: ocus si thaeb-lan torrach, Metr. Dinds. ii 74.50 . ¤lasamain, ¤lasamna side-flaming: teni taidlech taeb-lasamna, TTebe 2221 . na tenti t., 2256 . ¤lebar slender-sided: am égni tháeib-leaphur, Anecd. i 28 § 26. torc taeibhleabar, Acall. 1555 . ¤lethan broad-sided: don chrích ... thaoibhleathain, TD 26.18 . ¤nembán: gnúis taoibhneambán rosy-cheeked , TD 28.26 . ¤nocht bare-sided, naked: cia beo i ngortai, ciam toebnocht, SR 1540 . atai co truag ┐ co t., MacCarthy 62.15 . uair nocho n-aenlocht cen on | is taebhnocht i trefocul, Auraic. 2078 . ¤nuaide fresh, young: dá dhreich thaobhnuaidhe, DDána 109.16 . a cuaine taobhnaoidhe tais, Ó Bruad. iii 54.11 . ¤réid smooth-sided: a Teamraigh taoibhréidh, Ériu viii 85.101 . ¤rigin sluggish, slothful: da raibhe taoibh-righin i saothrughadh na subháilceadh, TSh. 10671 . ¤ruad red-sided: Eó Tortan táeb-rúad, Metr. Dinds. iv 242.28 . ¤scaílte having wounded sides: comdaís taebh-scaílti ... colla na curadh ` side-gaping ,' MR 302.23 . ¤sheng slender-sided: dia treib toeb[sh]ing, LL 7b2 . múr gainmech fo thuind tóeb-sheiṅg, Metr. Dinds. ii 46.6 . Tadhg taoibhsheng, ZCP viii 221.6 . Of land: tír táebsheng, FDG² 21.658 . ¤shlemain smooth-sided: tarbh ... taeipslemain, CCath. 4788 . do tighibh taeibhshlemhnu, 5823 . ¤shnoighthe lopped (?): coill o a tortaibh taobsnoighthe, ZCP ii 349.4 . ¤sholus bright-sided: dom triath talchur táob-ṡolus, LL 385b14 . dá drong dég ... ar in treib tolgmóir taebsoluis, SG 249.15 . ? ¤taisean: o ri Temrach t., BB 281a41 (cf. Leb. Cert. 254 ). ¤thana thin-sided, slender-sided: co n-immud tond tóebthana, Metr. Dinds. iii 262.38 . edach t., Leb. Cert. 250.14 . ¤thescaigthe side-cut, having the sides wounded: gur ba taebhtheascaighi treoin da treas, CF 554 . ¤thirim dry-sided, dry-sloped: la ri Temrach taebthirma, BB 46b24 . co mbidis na d-taiseandaibh tartaighe taeb-thiorma, MR 102.5 . ¤tholl having perforated, wounded sides , IT ii1 183.235 . curua taobhtholl treghdai, TTebe 3824 . ¤threbraid having plaited (?) sides: do thimsugad luirech ... t., MR 224.8 . ¤throm heavy-sided, stout: in talum taebthromm, KMMisc. 158.140 . re torcaibh taebhtroma, Acall. 915 . Treblann taebhtrom stately (?), ZCP xiii 174.4 . Stair Erc. 510 . Of women pregnant: fúair a bhean taebhtrom torrach, Imr. Brain (Comp. Mong.) 61.3 . ZCP xiii 197.7 . ¤uaine green-sided, —sloped: arin muir torthaig taebúaine, Acall. 6260 . ilar tonn taebhuaine, CCath. 308 . do tolcha t., IT ii2 127.143 . ¤uar cold-sloped: a tulchaib taebuara T., TTebe 2656 . Tlachtga togha nar thaeb-fhuar `not chill was her bosom,' Metr. Dinds. iv 186.18 = ZCP xiv 159.14 .