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1 dam

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dam or dil.ie/14462
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: doim, daim, daum, dum, dam, doim, daim, damaib, daumu, dumu, damu

n o,m. g s. doim, daim. d s. daum, dum, dam. n p. doim, daim. d p. damaib. a p. daumu, dumu, damu.

I An ox : dam .i. bos , Goid. 77 a . ní don daum storidiu act is dínni, Wb. 10 d 8 . is bés leosom in daim (n pl.) do thuarcuin ind arbe, ib. 10 d 6 . in daim (n p.) dodaascansat, Thes. ii 340. 4 . ech fri aige dam fri har bo fri blicht, Laws i 122. 10 . athgabail cuicthi...im damu nad be tairchesa, ib. 184. 13 . lethmiach cach cuilgaib (sic) ó dam co dartaig fri feis, ib. iv 90. 19 . rotarb suas dauṁa (sic) ┐ dam conchaid ní tiaghad a comraind, ib. iv 100. 25 . fichi bó dá tarbb sé doim, iv 310. 26 . baib blichta daim cacha mamu, v 220. 11 . fuil dam oca ngabáil, ib. 152. 3 . áin dam fri fedain techta ( imain na ndam, l. 14 ), ib. 136. 6 . imfedain i ndamaib, ib. 474. 8 . is irrechtaib bó ┐ dam ┐ ech, FB 24 ( IT i 264. 11 ). (a lám) irraibe ere fichet cuinge do damaib, ib. 91 (l. 20) . méit chore rodaim, ib. Arddān co ndam nó muicc maiss, LMU 17 (l. 7) . in mucc ┐ xl dam, ScM. 6 ; similarly 22 (l. 4) . bérthair dam ┐ tinne di immach, BDD 63 . atcondarc senada gela ┐ dumu finna. daim breca ina ndiaid ┐ daim duba iarmu, Trip. 176. 15 . laulgach no dam timchill arathair in tress sét, Corm. s.v. clithar sét (twice). fichi míli do sumadaib ┐ damaib fri himfedain cruithnechta, O'Mulc. 856 . dam ndartaide (sic) .i. colbthach ḟireann, O'Cl. hoc bostar. buaile dam, Ir. Gl. 1044 . tallsatar na daṁu robhátar isin tigh, Lat. Lives 79. 6 (cf. IT i 45. 1 ). co tardsat an éduighe for adharcuib na ndam cura impaset na daim, ib. 7 . secht ndaiṁ ┐ secht tuirc, IT i 311. 29 . nirbo chommairge doendam, CRR 4 . mo damsa is dam dond Dáire, ib. ar chend mo daim, ib. 5 . ciarsa dam co ndá mbeind óir, ib. dam i ninad cach daim, ib. 17 . cor imbir a búrach forru amal dam ndamgaire, TTr.² 1159 . fuath doim de uma PH 1239 . is iat crecaitt na damu, ib. 4637 . ere deich ṅdam, ib. 6296 . antí docheannuigh cúig cuingreacha daṁ, TSh. 209. 28 .

dam air a ploughing ox : for drumni daim inn air RC xxvi 28. 7 = dam fri har, Laws i 126. 18 .

dam comair an ox of co-ploughing, yoke-fellow; metaph. an equal, peer. Doṁnall mór hUa Domnaill... daṁ comair Cuinn Cedchathaigh ar chlódh gach cliathchai ALC i 352. 29 (synonymous with medh comtrom in l. 30 ).

dam conchaid 'a wolf-fighting ox' EIF 49 . dam dílenn a fabulous ox of antiquity. Originally a stag of flood, according to Stokes, Acall. p. 394 ; rather the ox of Dil, cf. dam dile, H 2.16 , p. 242 : dam dili treasingnadh Glinne Dalláin. asind loch cédna táinic a athair co ndechaid for boin do buaib in bhrughadh robói i fail na cilli co ndergnai in dam de; and Dinds. 44 : dá dam Dile ingine Lugmanrach. ib. 111 : dam Dile. SG ii 472. 10 : Bregh a ainm daiṁ Dhile. LL 210 a 15 : daim Díle. METAPH. of persons LL 9635 . —In `dam Dile' the `i' is short, as is proved by Metr. Dinds. iii 198. 25 ( LL 198 a 46 ): Dile: gile (Gwynn). Díle (LL) interchanging with dílenn (Rennes MS, BB), Metr. Dinds. iii 204. 53 .— geisidh daṁ dilenn dá héis, Acall. 850 . gu Cathair Dhaiṁ díleann, ib. 1250 . atát daiṁ dileann ┐ cliathbernadha cét inniú i Cnuc na Cenn, BLism. 129 b 2 . atberam dano do fremaib ┐ do bunud ┐ do craebaib ┐ do daṁaibh dilind ┐ dordaib esoirgni ┐ do ṁergeadaib &c. , BB 452 a. roforbair (in béist) cona ba luga hí oltás dam dílend, PH 7221 . roba coṁrac dá daṁ ṅdíleann in coṁrac sin, ITS v 64. 4 .

dam riattae a trained ox, broken to the plough: screpall ar miaslach luluigh ┐ daiṁ riata, Laws ii 200. 3 . bud daim ríata láig ár mbó, SG 396. 38 .

LOC. Dam drend, TBC-LL¹ 4802 . co Dam ṅderg, ib. 4806 . Dam-inis, Inis na nDam, Onom.

COMPDS. óc-dam: hoc jumentum ógdhaṁ, Ir. Gl. 758 . Hib. Min. 43 (metaph.). ro-dam a great ox ZCP x 369 . cu ngealut dá dartuid fri rodam ┐ cu ngelut dá dartuid sech rodam, Laws ii 74. 18 . FB 91 .

II A stag : dodúisgeadh agoinn daṁ donn, ITS vii 81. 16 . dam donn, 'fallow deer' Acall. 3521 . conaccatar ... daumu móra mǽla ina ligu, RC ix 482.8 . do bupthad na ndam, 482.10 . daṁ seng ag ithe in ḟeóir nua, ib. 18 . mór ndaṁ ndearg dothuit lea nágh, ib. 83. 7 . marbaid .vii. naighi díb imna trí damaib, Aen. 276 . dam allaid, gen. daim allto (-a) a stag. cervos gl. inna dumu alti, Ml. 48 d 9 . dá dam allaid (dual) LU 41 a 39 . asé roforchongair forin daṁ nallaidh toidheacht do threabhadh chuige est qui jussit cervum in aratro laborare Acta Sanct. 306 b n. 17 . adchi ...tri doiṁ allta romora, Aen. 273 . hoc cubile. leabaid in daim all[ta], Ir. Gl. 858 .

III METAPH. a champion, hero : ric in dam tri coecat ṅglonn, RC xx 144. 23 . am dam (.i. ar treisi) secht ṅdírend, LL 12 b 40 . a leo a ócdaim a aqil (of Christ), Hib. Min. 43. 15 . mac Feideilmid daim dásachtaich, Rawl. 152 a 33 . dongní daṁ dásachtach dím, Aen. 537 . posta...daim na céille, ITS xi 54 § 8 .

PERS. Mac in Daim, Imr. Brain 63. 20 . mac Daim Argait, LL 341. 37 . la Cairpre Dam nArgait, ib. 142 b . Dorcha ┐ Dam, Lec. 548 a 33 . 552 b 32 . LOC. Gleann Daiṁ, Gadelica ii 90. 11 .

danó, dano

Cite this: eDIL s.v. danó, dano or dil.ie/14616
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: dā, dano, dana, daniu, daneu, dano, dono, dana, danau, dā, dā, dō, dano, dono, dona, dana, dāa, dōo, denu, doná, nú, dno, dna, d, do, no, dono, dano, dana, denu, dā, dno, no, dno, no, dā, No

sō: da-nō, Ir. Gosp. Thom. § 22 . shō: 'nō, DDána 175 § 29 . 'nó, LL ii 11121 (TBC) . See Ériu liii 139: of unknown origin in spite of Zeuss 1005, n. 3 . Perhaps da-no, da-nu, cf. co-nu, ACC 66 , nu, ib. 11 , and BB 318 a 33 : dā .i. da nui insein; daniu, Cambr. (modelled on didiu? daniu: danu = didiu: didu); niu the dative of ní in Mil seems a late form and should not be compared. It is worth noticing that in the Enchir. Aug. 85 a ( ZCP vii 485. 6 ) Lat. denuo is glossed by nuu. The oldest meaning of dano is that of denuo ` anew, again ' (e.g. Mon. Tall. 149. 26 ). All other meanings arose from this.

A OLD-IR. Usually written dā = dano or dana.

daniu, Cambr. 37 d .

daneu, Cambr. 38 a , 38 b .

dano in full, Wb. 5 c 12 , 5 d 23 , 9 c 10 , 32 c 2 ; Ml. 43 a 22 .

dono in full, Wb. 2 d 10 , 8 d 5 , 7 d 16 .

dana in full, Wb. 5 c 18 . Elsewhere always dā in Wb.

danau, Ml. 37 a 8 .

The 8th century MS Cín Dromma Snechta had dā.

B MID.-IR. Usually written dā, as in Old-Ir., and dō.

dano in full, Laws i 26. 22 ; 28. 17 , 25 ; 242. 18 .

dono is the usual form in the Laws; always nó dono; (nó dō); in full RC xi 446, l. 55 ; Laws i 236. 20 (cid dono); Death-tales of the Ulster heroes § 4 ; Lib. Flav. 16 a 1 . 2 .

dona in full RC xi 444. 1 .

dana in full, ScM. 17 ( IT i 105. 5 ), H 3. 18 ; TE 13 ( IT i 127. 4 ), Eg. dana supported by the rhyme Acall. 3852 .

dāa, RC xi 444. 1 f.b.

dōo, Laws i 8. 1 .

denu in full RC xii 72 § 44 , Harl.; dē, ib. 86 § 93 .

doná, AFM iii 34. 3 ; 34. 14 ; 38. 10 ; 40. 6 ; 48. 11 ; TFrag. 8. 15 .

nú (: Lúachrú; no, v.l.), Three Historical Poems, 112 q.23Aa .

Syncopated forms:

dno in full, Thes. ii 308. 5 (Preface to Fiacc's Hymn; but dā, 307. 4 , 9 .); ib. 325. 7 (Preface to Ultan's Hymn, Franc.). Laws i 112. 1 ; 220. 8 - 16 ; v 368. 9 . CCC § 2 LU (v.l. dā). TBC-LL¹ 3756 ( LL 86 a 37 ). LL 34 b 31 (: rempo). BB 109 a 20 ; 353 a 31 ; 296 b 51 ; 322 a 14 , 19 , 21 , 22 (most frequent in this MS). Hib. Min. 15 (l. 51 , 58 ); 18 (458) ; 40 st 3 (Rawl.). RC xii 100. 1 ; 108. 1 (Harl.); ib. 108. 11 ; 92 § 122 ; 82. 1 f.b. ; 58 § 12 ; 72 § 43 . ZCP iii 227. 21 (Harl.); 249. 10 ; 228 § 3 ; 237 § 27 . ACL iii 2. 5 . Anecd. iii 25. 16 . dā = dno supported by the rhyme, LL 8 a 39 , 144 a 9 . dō = dno supported by the metre, ACL iii 297 st 60 , H. 3. 18.

dna in full: Laws i 20. 7 . RC xiii 377. 8 (H. 3. 18), v.l. dā. ScM. § 19 Harl., v.l. dā. Cog. 160. 25 . TFrag. 148. 11 . AFM i 470. 10 f.b. ; iii 110. 17 ; 118. 1 .

d, TBC-LL¹ (LL) 2298 ; ib. p. 179 n. 3 (Stowe-MS). ZCP iii 249. 25 ; 251. 4 . Lib. Flav. 26 b 1 . 43 . RC xii 66 § 33 (Harl.); ib. 72 § 44 ; 74 § 53 ; 98 § 131 . Hib. Min. 15 (l. 53) , 18 (l. 449) .

do, RC xii 104 § 149 .

no (short `o,' cf. below; nó, LL 90 a 3 = TBC-LL¹ 4318 ; cf. no rhyming with dó, BB 297 b 42 ; written l-, LL 55 b 27 = TBC-LL¹ 200 ): TBC-LL¹ (LL) 437 , 2826 , 2835 , 2839 , 2911 , 2914 , 2948 , 3167 (?), 3239 , 3647 , 3745 , 3753 , 3756 , 3885 , 4241 , 4261 , 4305 , 4322 , 4332 , 4343 , 4355 , 4365 , 4392 , 5018 , 6023 . CRR § 7 l. 9 ( LL 172 a 1 ), § 9 l. 8 ( 172 b 2 ), § 14 l. 5 , § 25 l. 6 , § 34 l. 2 , § 41 l. 4 , § 46 l. 7 , § 51 l. 11 . LL 57 a 33 , 91 a 54 , 101 a 2 , 172 b 48 , 175 a 42 . BB 46 a 19 , 269 b 51 , 297 b 42 (= IT iii 12 § 21 ). Laws v 368. 17 (? ar is ón no darcid inn[d]omon do duiniu).

for `dni' AFM v 1552 read didiu ( dī, Aut. MS fo 87 a ).

Of the Old-Ir. forms dono arose from dano, as ocus from acus, under the influence of the u-shaded `n.' At the time of the Würzburg Glosses dano was still kept distinct from dono, the latter being used after interrogatives apparently as an enclitic, without accent: ar cia dono, Wb. 2 d 10 . cepu dono, 7 d 16 . ce dono, 8 d 15 (cf. cid dono, Laws i 48. 24 ; 54. 3 f.b. ).

The syncopated Mid.-Ir. forms dno, no retaining `o' show that also in Old-Ir. the stress fell on the ultimate, as dano stressed on the penultimate would have given Mid.- Ir. dana. The Mid.-Ir. writing denu ( RC xii 72 § 44 , cf. dechum, debert) points in the same direction. Compare also the writing doná in the FM. In poetry the accent falls on the ultimate:

Acall. 3852 : mairg dadhair don luing dana. nachasainic Tonn Chlidna.

The syncopated form is often used in poetry for the convenience of the metre. It appears in several poems ascribed to poets of the 11th and 12th centuries, e.g.

LL 144 a 9 : Almon rathuit artús dā (dno leg.) i nEtail ra Troiano.

(a poem by Giolla an Choimdhedh Ua Cormaic of the early 12th century).

LL 8 a 39 : anmand tri mac Nemid dā (dno leg.) Luach Cessarni ┐ Luachro.

(poem by Tanaidhe Ua Maoilchonaire †1136; v.l. no, BB 46 a 19 ).

LL 34 b 31 : i ndáil fer talman sund dno [labrad] (cf. l. 43 ) lá is aidchi rempo.

(poem by Cúán O'Lothcháin †1024).

Further in a 10th-century poem from Rawl. 1 a 1 , Hib. Min. 40 st 3 :

fuilriud már guin dóine dno ocus plág for pecthacho.

in Fingen mac Flainn's poem on the Fir Arddae from the middle of the 9th century, ACL iii 297 st 60 :

ní mandingentar dno dóibsium dál ndrong ndelech.

and ICM st 188 :

atchitis dno (sic leg.) triasan tor sin forsin dorus atreab nálaind &c.

This brings us back to the time of the Codex Sangallensis; whence it follows that dno, though not occurring in any MS older than the LU, belongs to the Old-Ir. period.— No was developed from dno in Mid.-Ir. time. It seems impossible to fix the date of this development accurately. The appearance of `no' in old poetry, as BB 46 a 19 , 297 b 42 , is no test, as no might be a late substitute for dno. The fact that the earliest instances occur in the LL points to the 12th century. In Mid.-Ir. MSS dā, dno, and no go hand in hand. The spoken form was dno, later no; but the traditional writing dā lingered on for centuries in the MSS. No is found in MSS from the early 13th to the 15th century, when it became obsolete. The FM write doná, dana, dna, purely literary forms. In the Annals of Ulster the particle does not in any form occur after the year 1204 ( AU ii 242. 2 ).

In Mid.-Ir. no syntactical distinction is made between dā, dno, dna, and no. The particle is never placed at the head of the sentence, but can, apart from this, occupy almost any position within it. It follows stressed and unstressed words, and appears particularly often after emphasising particles, a circumstance which contributed to the syncope of the first syllable. It gives a certain emphasis to the accented word immediately preceding. The following is a synopsis of the most common positions of the particle:

(1) asbeir daniu ind apstol, Cambr. 37 d. torchratar no muinter Fintain, LL 91 a 54 . bemmini dano, Wb. 9 c 10 . mathidsom dano, Mon. Tall. 138. 26 . dogénsa no, CRR § 9 .

(2) abi mogasi dano, Wb. 27 c 17 . (is) maith dano, ib. 33 a 5 . bat roumal dano in fer sin, Mon. Tall. 159. 2 . is ferr dano lais, ní haurcuil dano lais MT.

(3) issí dano, Wb. 19 b 12 . issed dano, Mon. Tall. 136. 13 et pass. cipé no, TBC-LL¹ 200 .

(4) (a) uait no, CRR § 7 . dóib no, TBC-LL¹ 3239 . (b) is samlid dano, Wb. 21 b 2 . etrunni dano, ib. 12 b 12 . forthusom no LL 172 b 48 . uaimse no, TBC-LL¹ 4305 .

(5) is annsin dano tanccatar, BDD 151. 7 . intan dano, ib. § 162 . on uair dano ronuc, Laws i 18. 11 .

(6) a forbi tra dano, Mon. Tall. 128. 7 .

(7) after a noun in all cases except the vocative: nom. in hilur dano asberr a rind hi roṡoithe, Sg. 73 a 11 . gabtha díberg dano la suide, BDD § 41 . Diarmait dano abb ĺa lais, Mon. Tall. 153. 17 . acc. nicodoes mír feolai dano, Mon. Tall. 129. 22 . gen. cend Ferchon Longsig no, LL 80 a 44 . bóisom ic fechadh a bhráthar no, TBC-LL¹ 3885 . dat. do díb lethaib no, LL 175 a 42 . da saigid no, TBC-LL¹ 4261 .

Dā, no (&c.) is a particle mainly employed in principal clauses, though both in Old- and Mid.-Ir. it also appears in secondary ones. Already in Old-Ir. often = didiu, trá. In Mid.-Ir. MSS the interchange between dā, dī, tra, and imorro is quite common; cf. Windisch's note IT Glossary 467 . dā, LL 316 b 28 = dī, BB 133 b 9 . Particularly common issed dī = issed dā, nó dī = nó dō.

I adv Also, further, in addition, besides, as well, too , as a further point or circumstance tending in the same direction. Often with 1 ocus, acus, íarum, íarom, íaram, iar tain, beus, olchena, opp. cétamus Mon. Tall. 136. 23 .

A In the apodosis or main clause, preceded by a subordinate clause expressing:

(a) comparison : amal gnís tra Críst in iustis...is samlid dā gniith demun in filiís defidentiae thus, too, worketh the Devil in f.d. Wb. 21 b 2 . amal as hiress ronóib Abracham nitat gnīma rechto issí dā robnóibsi it also has sanctified you ib. 19 b 12 . amal bete som i nimpudiu inna brithemnacte bemmini dano, ib. 9 c 10 . amal durígni inna gnímu sechmadachtai dugéna dā innahí tairngir hisa todochide, Ml. 50 d 10 . amal it dá lebur fichet it dí litir fichet dā, ib. 2 d 2 . Cf. ib. 69 b 3 . amal as messe dudaforsat inna dúli is me dā bæras mes firian foraib, ib. 94 b 7 . amal nách forcenn libuir...ní forcenn libuir dā, Hib. Min. 22. 6 . Cf. also: amal file oentid eter baullu coirp duini conroib óintu etrunni dā hore ammi corp Críst, Wb. 12 b 12 .

(b) condition : acht robæ quies et tranquilitas regibus bieid dā dúnni a ndede sin, Wb. 28 a 23 . dóecastar i mbí hinun folud bís indib ┐ a cétnide. mad inun is óinrann dā if it be the same it is also one part (of speech), Sg. 188 a 6 . madh tochus cin innrucus nama ┐ maith do dénum de as letheineclund dono beos, Laws i 54. 3 f.b. Cf. also Wb. 14 d 24 : intí dia ndílgidsi dalugubsa dā, where a relative clause takes the place of a conditional one.

(c) time : o adcuaid...a ndorigeni Dia airriu de maid asbeir iarum dā arandathidisom di maith, Wb. 21 d 11 . ho imrordai nech didiu isind [ḟ]recdairc...in tairsitiu adchí dolbthai dā iarum he also afterwards feigns it PCr. 64 a 1 .

(d) cause or reason : hore...adib cretmich infectsa cretmech dā for cland, Wb. 10 a 6 . huare techtas nerta is cóir dā iarum cobsaide oc díten a muntairai, Ml. 85 a 4 .

(e) concession : v. V (a).

B In principal clauses repeating the verb of the preceding clause, with or without `ocus'; also, again . Type: dorochair Laimidon...dorochratar dā forgla ríg ┐ taísech na Troiana, Aen. 18 .

(a) cop.: ishé som doradchiúir ┐ ishé dā as taidcricc it is he also that is the ransom Wb. 2 b 9 . ished ón immurgu as fír et is fír dā esséirge omnium post sé , ib. 13 b 23 . is oc frecur céill dæ atáa (sc. mo chland) is occa dā attósa, ib. 29 d 6 . ropo do Dáil Chonchobair dosom ┐ rop ed dā do máthair Brigte, Thes. ii 325. 4 . is misiu ém dorat...is me dō rothairmisc, TE § 13 Eg. ropa cridiscél dam cédamus ...ropo cridiscél dam dā...┐..., Mon. Tall. 136. 23 . ba hamnus muirn na curud...amnus d an tarneuch ruboi and, RC xii 98. 17 ; cf. Ériu v 238. 5 . conid desin...is de dno hence also RC xii 106 § 162 . indligid don fechemain apad... indligid dō don bidbaid a élod sum im dliged, Laws i 114. 20 . isé rothomais ótha esca co gréin...isé dō rothomais, &c. , ib. 28. 11 , 14 .

(b) subst. verb: cach genitiu dichoisin ataat indib in dí chéill se sís. atá dā hi `sui,', Sg. 209 b 29 . bátar Ulaid oc ól i taig F....bái dā ben ind F. oc airiuc don tṡluag, IT i 67. l. 3 . atá...atá dā, RC xiii 458 § 56 . ar atát foruis...atá dō forus, Laws ii 128. 19 . dáig atát na .uii. Mani...┐ atúsa com thegluch no, TBC-LL¹ 437 . atá limsa for M. buaid cluaisse. ata limsa dā for M. A. buaid rodeirc, BDD § 48 .

(c) other verbs: ut Paulus ait...ocus asbeir daniu ind apostol, Cambr. 37d . rohucad airechas inna Rómæ co Constantinopoil. rucad dā a ainmm, Sg. 174 a 1 . Cf. ib. 73 a 12 (in hilur dā = is in h.d). rodelb iartin dluma in talman...rodelb dō na hocht ngaetha...rodelb dona datha na ngaeth, Laws i 26. 27 , 30 ; 28. 5 . dorimchell (v.l. rothairmcheall) rígusciu Hérend ria matain...toróchell (v.l. dorarmchell) dā prímlocha Hérend r.m. before morning he had also travelled to the chief lakes of Erin BDD § 155 ; ib. § 95 . tarlaic...dosléicimse dā, IT i 101. 16 . sadais ind snáthaid fo thrí inda dernaind co toltnadar na trí srotha folæ asind láim...saididsiom dā ind snáthat...co tultatar dā, &c. , he thrusts again the needle into her hand Mon. Tall. 149. 26 . dorad M. ocht fichtiu bo don Choimdhigh. dorat dā baile ic Drochat Átha, AU ii 130. 8 ; cf. also 130. 6 . asbert... asbert dā, RC xi 450. 130 . dogníth side na harma...dogníth dō L. soer na crondo...dugníth dno C. cerd na semonn, RC xii 92. 1 f.b. , 94. 4 . ícais an gilde den indel cétnæ...ícais d an gille d.i.c., ib. 68. 7 . focres forrai dno dus &c....focres forra d dus..., ib. 72 § 44 . dorochratar a trí comlín leo ┐ torchratar no muinter F., LL 91 a 54 . issed atberat som ...asberat dā, ib. 125 b = Ériu v 212. 2 . is amlaid tánic som...is amlaid tánic in Mane Andoe no, TBC-LL¹ 2826 . atbert cend cach ḟir díb bara lííc ┐ atbert cend Ferchon Longsig no bar lííc, ib. 2914 . táncatar rempo...et tánic no Fiacho, ib. 2948 . rachúaid dóib...dachuaid dóib no, &c. , ib. 3239 . Cf. also ib. 4299 - 4322 ; 2911 . atraacht C....atraacht trian slóig Ulad laisium no, CRR § 34 1. 2 ; ib. § 9 (rogniad... daronait dā). adorcradar som ┐ torcramar dō and we too are fallen Acall. 3174 . Cf. ib. 3399 (dō). roíarfacht didiu di araile cidh dorala dó...roḟiarfacht dā dḟir aile in cétna, Cóir Anm. p. 320. 6 f.b. genfidh ón ḟir sin ┐ ót ingin siu rígradh na hEtaile ┐ genfidh dō uaidib airdrigh na huili domun, Aen. 1519 . dochoncadar arna rindad fuath na Trai. rorindad and dō dealb in chatha...┐ rorindad ind dō amal rochathaig P., ib. 312 ; further exx. 256 . 326 . 477 . 568 . 1780 . gaeth mór...rothrasccair railghi. rothrasccair doná sé fichit crann i nDoire C. C., AFM iii 38. 10 . AU ii 192. 8 (dō).

C In principal clauses introducing a new predicate with or without `ocus.'

(a) the sentence introduces an additional action or condition of the subject of the preceding clause, the subjects being the same: robtar erdarcu de dind ulc doratad forro leusom ┐ roptar inducbaidiu de dā apud Deum, Ml. 47 a 17 . dobir cros dit sailiu for óchtar do chinn ┐ dogní a tóirand sa dā .U. fort chiunn, Thes. ii 249. 4 . rochúm [Día] in firmaimint imacuairt uime (sc. in talam)...rodelb dō iartin dluma in talman, Laws i 26. 25 . in mét dona fuil ó thalmain coruice suide (sc. in firmamint) issed dono fuil ó thalmain sís co fudomain ifirn, ib. i 28. 18 . rofiarfaig iarum don corrguinech dús cia cumang gonanacair... imcomaircidh dno den deogbori..., RC xii 82. 1 . Amenicán imráidim ┐ dno cóin innláidim, ACL iii 2. 3 .

(b) dā introducing a new subject and a new verb. The sense of dā becomes more emphatic, the statement being strongly marked as additional to what has been said before: further, besides, moreover . cum manu sapere plena fuerit .i. no rapere fit in aliis libris ┐ is manus dā bís indib, Ml. 36 b 2 . inna aithissi dombeirtis som fornni batir athissi dā daitsiu a Dæ, ib. 90 d 17 ; ib. 40 a 15 . dagnítis dā int Ṡabindai aní sin, Sg. 28 a 10 . sed etiam in accentibus, gl. biid dā comaitecht ceneuil do chenéul i naiccendaib, ib. 75 a 7 . is and ba hadaig for feraib Uloth. feraid snechtae már foroib dā (dno LU) CCC § 2 , ib. § 31. 4 . ní déntar ceth crosfigill...etar dí nodlaic. mathid som (i.e. Maelruain) dā and salmu aurnaigthe do chetal, Mon. Tall. 138. 26 . canir dā biad fri aitherruch aidchi lúoin. cantir dā salm aurnaigthi aidchi ndomnaich...fogní dā ailli mési laissom (i.e. Maelrúain) aidchi lúoin, ib. 131. 6 - 9 . is ferr laisiom dā he thinks it better, moreover ib. 161. 29 . is ferr dā lais, ib. 147. 27 ; similarly: is aurchail lais dā, 164. 14 . ni haurch. d.l. 143. 18 ; 161. 26 ; cf. also the common phrases issed dā is chóir (is maith, is dóig) la (or issed i. c. lais dā), ib. 134. 11 , 16 ; 148. 8 ; 161. 21 . Other exx. 136. 13 ; 143. 2 , 3 ; 161. 13 .— fochairt iarom for tech nand ... imarnic dō fri oclaig naile, RC xi 4461. 50 . birt roth leis ond óclaich... dobert dono uball dó, ib. 4461. 55 . ar ba fáith si dā she was also a prophetess ib. 4481. 81 . inor aodhar imbe ised dē uchtlebar, ib. xii 86 § 93 ; cf. 72. 19 . ronaisceatar fomoraig a cíos for Érinn...dobretha d na trénfiræ a foghnam dou, ib. 64. 1 . ┐ atrubairt dā in fer cétna riss and moreover the same man said BDD p. 152 . dorónsat baindea muiridhi dia longaib ┐ roiadh dō mórṡluagh na R. do leith tíri, Aen. 2348 . dorala dō olc ele and moreover, another evil happened, ib. 484 . loisccthear Slicceach leo. romarbad dana mac Corbmaic, AFM iii 362. 9 . tucsat ár for gallaibh...domilltea dō Laigin leo, AU ii 164. 7 ; 130. 8 .

D Often in the sense of `too' (`also') immediately after nouns and pronouns (or emphasising particles): domini, quod iustum est seruis praestáte...et uos dominum habetis in caelo .i. abi moga si dā atá for coimdiu i nnim ye, too, are servants Wb. 27 c 17 . cid sisi dā ronfitid ni, 15 c 28 . si totum corpus oculus, ubi auditus, gl. bid corp són dā that, too, will be body, 12 a 27 , cf. són dā, 18 d 2 , 25 c 11 . duber som ainm fíno dun pláig duber[r] for nech ( 77 d 3 )... duber ainm fína dusuidiu dā he gives the name of wine to that too Ml. 77 d 4 . uetustissimi...`plerus plera plerum' (solebant proferre), gl. robói són dā leo this, too, they had Sg. 75 b 4 . ruc som fuil ṁbic uaimse no from me, too TBC-LL¹ 4305 , 4318 (nó). corocherddainse no mo búraig ferge that I too may LL 176 b 26 ( CRR § 41. 4 ). dober comermitin féid fris fessin ┐ fri deacht maic dā do dóinacht mac, Ml. 127 d 10 - 11 . cum Clemente .i. dalte Petir. rachomalnastar sede dā he, too, had fulfilled it Wb. 24 a 37 . Conchobar dā (v.l. dō) hissuidiu inna charput...eirrid Uloth olchenae inna carptib...Bricriu dā (v.l. dō) leo, CCC § 1 . birt macc. laír dā (v.l. dō) bói i ndorus in tige trogais dá lurchuire, ib. § 3 . in pendit...a dénam doa macc accus a sétig dā do pennait that his wife also should do penance Mon. Tall. 163. 18 . Diarmait dā lais, ib. 153. 17 . atá i rriagailib ailibh dā cosmailius fitta in other rules also, 156. 17 ; 138. 36 ; 151. 6 . gid iat Greic nomtairsidh romuirfidis me. Troianaig dō ad buidin bidbudh dam the Trojans, too, are a multitude hostile to me Aen. 458 . —In phrases like the following: isin chath sin dno robenad a láṁ de Nuadaid, RC xii 58 § 11 , the particle goes with the preceding noun (pronoun) and may be rendered by same. bói cath for Scathaig isind aimsir sin dō fri tuathu eile at that time also, at that same time ib. xi 448. 4 f.b. is inntisin dō táinic hEoan in that same year AU ii 192. 10 . sluaghadh la M...┐ is foran sluaghadh sin dā romarbadh hua hInneirghi, ib. 128. 9 . isin bliadain sin dō táinic mórgaith adhbuil, ib. 192. 5 . is annsin dā tánccatar dá prímmucaid Eterxel fón doiri at the same time BDD p. 151. 7 . —Compare also Wb. 6 b 25 : omnes enim stabimus ante tribunal Dei, gl. aratá brithem and cenutsu .i. deus. ishé side dā as éola and, where dā seems to emphasise the reference to Deus.

E Often in enumerations without a verb; espec. in the Laws and in the Annals (to introduce a new entry). cethruimi fair ar sellcecht...cethruime dona...cethruimi dono, Laws i 242. 12 . lethchumul dno ó fethemuin... lethchumul dno ó bidbuid...cumul dno...┐ cumul dno..., ib. i 220. 8 - 16 . impudh Uladh dā for Ua L....crech dō leo for Uib Bresail, AU ii 146. 17 . crech la Nial...crech eile dō, ib. i 582. 13 . maidm for Connachta ria feraibh Breifne. maidm dana re Connachta for f. B., ib. i 520. 14 . sloghadh la M...sloghad dā la D., ii 82. 4 ; 88. 18 ; 128. 12 ; 186. 21 . ithé mo thrí indroscc. giallnai do Scathaig...muinterus dā frimsa dadaich, &c. , RC xi 450 l. 127 . FB § 28 . Cf. the 12 times repeated `cia cléirech dā' BColm. 102. 15 - 103. 11 .

F ní (ná, nách)...dano nor...either, like Germ. `auch nicht.' ní lour in bendachad...ní lour dano in nebmaldachad auch geniigt nicht nicht zu fluchen Wb. 5 d 23 . ar ní cumuing side dā imfogbaidetid ná lánamnas manip tol apud mulierem, 9 d 18 . nihil enim intulimus in hunc mundum, haud dubium quod nec auferre quid possimus .i. ní béram ass dā, 29 b 15 . et uos, domini, eadem facite illís .i. nachiberpid si dā ibar cumachtu, 22 d 6 ; cf. 3 a 14 , 9 d 5 . amal nad frescat bás inna cethrai ní bí dā cida fresciso in báis etir lasna dóini so, Ml. 69 b 3 . ní díltai dā (sc. Priscianus) in cétbuid nísin leugnet auch nicht Sg. 201 b 10 . Compare RC xii 68 § 36 . Mon. Tall. 129. 22 ; 131. 22 ; 143. 15 ; 145. 19 ; 160. 4 .

G nó dano, nó dono, nó dno ( BB 323 b 7 . Laws i 112. 1 ), nó no ( BB 35 b 7 ) = emphasised nó, often interchanging with simple `nó.' or, or else . Synon. nó didiu, Fél. 2. 13 . PH 7082 . nach dú immurgu inimfogni fri foxlid nó fritobarthid dā wherever it is construed with the ablative or dative Ml. 27 c 10 . nó dō (v.l. nó itá i.e. ita), ACL iii 293. 16 . Very common in the Laws to introduce a new and different opinion. dogabar eneclann do neoch a dualgus a dhána...┐ nocha faghbar a dualgus a chinn...nó dō go fathar eneclann dó a dualgus a dhána ┐ in chinn aga nderna uirrned, Laws i 62. 2 f.b. senchus dō a `sen' fil ann is ónní as senex atá...nó dō a `sen' fil ann is ónní is sensus, ib. 34. 28 ; ib. 36. 2 ; 40. 7 ; 68. 5 f.b. ; 96. 17 : 106. 35 ; 108. 5 ; 112. 1 ; 128. 17 ; 130. 7 f.b. ; 188. 7 ; 228. 9 ; 250. 4 (no dō cena); 274. 1 ; 296. 1 ; ii 22. 18 ; iv 8. 10 ; 12. 20 ; 256. 8 f.b. — Aedh Uaridnach .i. uara idna tigdís dó...nó A. Fúaridhnach...nó dā uara tigdís dó, Cóir Anm. § 121 ; ib. § 142 et pass. PH 5719. 5720 . 5654 (dō).

H ocus dano and moreover: rupu accubur leu etergne mu chumachti ┐ rusmbói dā, Wb. 33 a 11 . ocus dō fon cóir cétna cidh adultrus dogneth, Laws i 56. 8 f.b. ┐ dano or si, LU 9052 . aile dano: ainm naild dō din tibroid sin Loch Luibe, RC xii 96 § 126 . Imroll aile B. E. ainm aile do no, TBC-LL¹ 2835 .

I amlaid dano thus, thus also : is samlid dā, Wb. 12 c 46 . pronomen hi foirciunn indib. robu samlid dā robói `modi huius ' hi tosuch, Sg. 203 b 5 . is amlaid dō doroimsi in ferta, ACL iii 30 § 83 . sic dō, Laws i 114. 28 ; ii 244. 14 .

Jin secondary clauses: is torbach du popul flaith firian leu .i. amal as ṁmaith dund flaith fessin dā, Ml. 90 b 11 . adcondairc...nombíth forcleith leo dā for tabairt a coibsen, Mon. Tall. 135. 19 . curo ícuit in cin dō, Laws i 60. 11 , &c. madeadh asbersa...madead asber dono , ib. i 8. 1 .

II Therefore, then, accordingly, itaque, et ita, igitur — both in principal and secondary clauses, drawing a conclusion from what has been said before. By the Irish themselves translated by ergo, igitur, ita (locus ergo, locus igitur, sic igitur, no ita ( ACL iii 293. 16 ) = loc dā, amlaid dā, nó dā). Common in the Glosses, esp. with imperative and in prohibitions, but rare in all Mid.-Ir. MSS.—

(a) si autem spiritu facta carnis mortificaueritis uiuetis, gl. ní bo líach dā a marbad killing them therefore were not regrettable Wb. 4 a 12 . is irlam ind anim do thuil Dée. todiusgadar dana ind anim do dénum maith let the soul, then, be roused to do good ib. 5 c 18 . similiter et uir sui corporis non habet potestatem sed mulier, gl. nách móided dā in fer infechtso hi cumachtu, 9 d 18 . do óis anfoirbthiu tra asrobrad insin. ná bad anfoirbthi si dā arnáp, &c., be ye not imperfect, then, lest, 12 d 26 . ní derlaichta a pecdæ doib acht duratad dígal forru. cenotad maic si raith dā ma imroimsid ní dílgibther duib, 33 b 8 . Further exx. from Wb.: 9 b 10 . 11 b 4 . 13 a 4 . 15 a 5 . 19 d 21 . 28 b 17 . —interrogemus igitur: imchomarcam dā, Ml. 18 a 1 .— vetustissimi tamen et `altera utra' et alterum utrum' solebant proferre, gl. daeltais dā foa dá nóg inna genitin they used to decline it then according to its two integrals in its genitive Sg. 75 b 3 . Setum pro Zethum, gl. biid dā sethvs pro z. Sethus then is for Z. ib. 184 a 1 . derbaid cenél dā i suidib aní remitatét what precedes them, then, certifies the gender in them, 197 b 5 . Cf. further 38 b 8 .— ní diṅgne su mo lessa afechtsa. is ferr let in fer ucut toenur. biat marb so dā (v.l. dna) limsa, RC xiii 377. 8 .

(b) in a weakened sense utpote, nempe, nimirum; videlicet; namely, to wit, that is to say, introducing an explanation or conclusion, like German `nämlich.' non enim per legem promisio facta est Abrachae aut semeni eius ut heres esset mundi sed per iustitiam fidei, gl. .i. dorairngred dā rombad oirdnide a chland ut `in semine tuo rl.' ( Gen. xxii 18 ) it had been foretold, then, that his children would be distinguished Wb. 2 c 12 . ut et ipsi misericordiam consequantur, gl. bid misericordia dano dodaessarsom nípa meritum intan creitfite it will be misericordia then that will save them when they shall believe: it will not be m. ib. 5 c 12 . Dei aedificatio estis secundum gratiam Dei quae data est mihi, gl. Pelagius: non secundum meam uirtutem .i. is per gratiam cotofutaincsi dā it is p. g. that he upbuilds you then, 8 c 16 . Dei et adorent eum omnes angili .i. it les dano indaingil, 32 c 2 . dico...quod idolum sit aliquid? .i. ní ní dā in tídol the idol, then, is not anything, 11 b 11 . Further instances: 10 b 19 . 12 d 12 . 12 d 21 (in secondary clause: arna tomontis dā). 13 a 30 . 16 d 3 (?). 25 a 29 . 27 c 34 . 29 a 28 . 29 d 1 .

Here also Laws i 74. 9 f.b. : in uime rocuiris tech andso ara tabhairt uait fecht naill? in uainn tucadh dō ar sé was it from us, then, it was taken? and Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 26. 3 : ticed Celtchar da tír ar Ulaid. ticed dā ar Conchobar let him come then.

III Very common in progressive description or narrative, indicating temporal and logical sequence: then, accordingly, so, upon which, thereupon, now . This usage arose from I, the original sense ` further, again ' being still perceptible.

(a) type: perge ad Columbam. dochóid ón dā `go to Columba' (said Satan). So he went Mon. Tall. 154. 17 . ercc co Comgald co ruccæ breith fort. dochóid som ón dā, ib. 154. 9 . fó duit cia nocotailtea. lasodain dona luig Fergus ina charpat ┐ contuil `it would be well for you to take a sleep.' So Fergus went into his chariot and slept, Laws i 72. 22 . telcar (sic leg.) issin tech hí. tánicc si dā issin tech, BDD p. 155. 9 . rotficbam co port i mbia innocht...dotaet dā reompa (v.l. téit iarom), ib. § 40 Eg. raráidsetar fir Hērend ri Tamun étgud Ailella do gabáil immi...ragabastarsom no étgud nAilella immi, TBC-LL¹ 2839 ( LL 79 b 30 ). raráidset...ri Mac Roth techta go Slíab Ḟúait...táinic Mac Roth reme no go S.F., ib. 4241 . asmbert Domnall nadmbai fóisitiu forcoitil Conculaind conrissed Scathaig bói fri hAlpai anair. nalotar dā...tar Alpai RC xi 444 l. 34 . asbert fris búi glend már ara chind. oentsét coel tairis...luid dō in sét sin nísin, ib. 446 l. 60 . Cf. also: rofaoidh días do thaisccéladh forna slóghaibh... dochódar sidhe dni (sic) go mbattar i ttréchumaiscc na slógh, AFM v 1552. 1 f.b.

(b) indicating progression in general. dothaet Conaire do saigid a harm...┐ gabaid glés nimberta a arm forsna díberga...tofuitet dā sé chét lais, BDD § 143 . bátar trí ríg ...oca urnaide seom...conacces som dō rout forsa mbátar then he was seen ib. § 14 . dolluid (sc. Derbforgaill) anair irricht dá géise ┐ a hinailt co mbátar for Loch Cuan. amail robói dā Cuchulainn ┐ Lugaid laa and conaccatar na heonu, Ériu v 208. 3 . dosrat a sním mór slóig na nG. umman ní sin ┐ rotimairgit dā maithi na nG. cusan rí imon caingin sin, ib. 146. 6 . dorragab som iarum ind praind iterum. robói si dā for suidiu co cend mbliadna Mon. Tall. 149. 24 , 29 . rucad iarum do muliund Ratha Cathair fa dí ┐ foremthes a bleith and...dochuaid dā timthirid Brigdi in tres fecht then B.'s servant went a third time Thes. ii 335. 33 . scaraid dā Bricriu friu iar sodain FB § 11 . ó dochóid tar Alpi ba brónach do díth a choiceli anais dana desuidiu ó roairigestar, RC xi 444. 1 f.b. ib. 444. 1 . TBC-LL¹ 2298 . dochótar immurro uile iarsin co Telaig hUa nD. co ndernsatar ossad mbliadna ┐ fir Muman. dodeochaid dō Domnall ar fut Connacht dia thig whereupon D. went home AU ii 90.23 . táinic Murchad cu nUlltaib cucu ┐ tucsat taelcad doib. romebaid dō for Gallaib, AU i 192. 15 ; 138. 18 , 19 .

(c) introducing a new event or indicating transition to an entirely new subject: now, now as to, as for . as ar chenél cruche adrímther in coicsath. filus trechenélae martre daneu adrímiter ar chruich now there are, &c., Cambr. 38a . ib. 38b . ba cara do Patraic hé (sc. Dubthach) ...luid dā Patraic fecht co tech in Dubthaig sin now P. once went to that D.'s house Thes. ii 307. 9 . nó is Brenainn dorigne in nimmun sa...locus ergo mare tempus uero Diarmata. tánic dā B. co Brigit now B. came to Brigit ib. 324. 21 . ib. 324. 1 . intan dā robói Macc Cecht fora áltaib isind ármaig conaccai in mnái sechae now when M. C. was lying wounded on the battlefield BDD § 162 (the preceding four paragraphs do not deal with M. C.). ib. § 163 , §165 . RC xii 108. 1 . cid Tuath Dei Dononn d derochratar go már isin chath now as for the T. D. D. they lost many men in the battle ib. 58 § 12 ; ib. 66 § 3 ; 74 § 53 ; 108. 1 ; 82. 1 f.b. ; 92 § 123 ; 72 § 44 ; 100. 1 ; 104 § 149 ; 102. 11 . isé dō cétní rotheip Dia asin maisi .i. in talam now the first thing which God separated from the mass was the earth Laws i 26. 22 (at the head of a new paragraph). dia té dō bidbuid i ndeaguid a athgabála tar crích now if the defendant, &c., ib. i 220. 19 . ib. 18. 11 ; 28. 23 . In the following exx. from the MT dā stands at the beginning of an entirely new passage: mad doairle sale dā ind láim oc praind imberar usci leosom iarum now if spittle falls on a man's hand, 142. 14 . intí dā arbir bith oss nallaid...non manducat, &c. , as to him that eats the flesh of a wild deer, he must not eat (any other flesh until the Easter following), 146. 8 ; ib. 128. 1 , 7 ; 156. 23 ; 160. 15 ; 162. 8 . Very common is the following type: teclaim ubald dā dia domnaich...ní fogni leusom now as to gathering of apples on a Sunday, it is not allowed amongst them ib. 145. 17 . gille dā nó timtirid ní hécen aithrigi di suidiu as for a servant, 142. 1 . aos tróg dā nád ebat amail cách now as to invalids, 147. 19 ; so also 153. 3 ; 161. 1 ; 162. 1 . Mane Mathramail dā .iv. fichit déc fo churp a ndíbergae as for M. M. BDD § 42 . filedha dana robátar isin indsi si...nicon bíth lóg enech la cach fer díb noberedh gubreth now as to the poets, not a man of them had honourprice who passed false judgment Laws i 24. 28 . in file dō cunnuid forcruid duaisi...as a letheineclunn dígbus uime, ib. 58. 17 ; cf. ib. 62. 11 f.b. ; 30. 14 ; 22. 11 ; iv 50. 1 ; v 368. 9 .—Cf. also: araile ancarae robui hi Cluaoin maic Naois...hé dā hi luibri galar now he was infirm with disease Mon. Tall. 155. 5 . slógad la Domnall i nUlltaib. Ulaid dō i Craib telcha i llongport, AU ii 62. 8 . Here also the common phrase loc dā as to the place (of the hymn), it was: loc dno Duma ṅGobla, Thes. ii 308. 5 , by the Irish themselves rendered by `locus ergo (igitur),' ib. 324. 20 .

IV In commentaries, glosses, or explanatory notes repeating the word or phrase which is to be commented on. Syn. tra, didiu ( Cóir Anm. § 225 , 226 ; RC xi 442. 18 ; BColm. § 6 ). ┐ Raith Guthaird a loc, comm.: Raith Guthaird dō is airi atberur as to R. G. it is so called &c., Laws i 2. 8 . senchus dō a `sen' fil ann is ónní as senex atá...nó dō is óní is sensus ciall, ib. 34. 26 . Colmán macc Daráne. Colmán mac Daríne dō .i. siur máthar do Cholmán Dairíne, Fél. p. 172. 31 . Mo Senoc Mughna dā .i. M. darbile mór, &c. , ib. 258. 15 . Luighith dna .i. Hith robo lughu na athair, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 2. 1 . Daire Fine dā .i. duar ḟine, Cóir Anm. § 68 . Also in parenthetic remarks: Fiacc Sleibte dorónai in nimun sa do Patraic. in Fiac sin dā mac eside meic Ercha now that F. was son of Mac E. Thes. ii 307. 2 . Cf. BDD p. 153. 16 . RC xii 108 § 163 . BB 318 b 34 .

V However ,

(a) in concluding sentences after a preceding concessive secondary clause. Syn. camaiph. cia fudama in firián ní du imnedaib hisin biuth frecndairc sóirfithir dā in céin naili dā (one dā is superfluous, but both positions are allowed) he shall, however, be delivered the other time Ml. 68 d 14 . ciasu du Duaid adfiadar isin titul immeairc són dā Ezechiæ though it is to D. that it is ascribed in the title, it is suitable, however, to E. ib. 72 d 9 . With camaiph: ciasidruburt frit tuas `alter utra'...robói camaiph la arsaidi `altera utra,' Sg. 75 b 2 .

(b) however, but ; the addition introduced by dā is opposed to what precedes: intan conucbad in nél nobíth immun aírc migrabant filii Israhel hisuidiu. intan dā nunanad in nél hísin nogaibtis som dúnad hisuidiu when, however, that cloud used to rest Ml. 83 a 4 . aimrit imorro Dairíne clannmar dō Sanct a siur but her sister S. was prolific Fél. p. 172 § 31 . co fil in firmamint na trénbrat gemnaide im talmain co trí nimib ┐ co trí nime impi. in .vii.mad imorro rocertad i trí nimib. ní hé dō sin sosad aingel this last, however, is not the habitation of the angels Laws i 30. 2 . benaid M. C. a chend dond ala fir ...robói dā infer aile oc élúd ass the other man, however, was fleeing forth, BDD § 157 . issed as cóir...arnáchad-fercaigthersu (sc. frit gilla). manatfercaichther frit gilla dā if, however, you are angry with your servant Mon. Tall. 142. 9 . mani chaithea dā feoil if, however, he does not eat flesh ib. 146. 14 ; ib. 159. 38 . bói N. oga uothras ┐ dobreth láim nargait foair lioa D.; nír uo maith d liaa mac sium this, however, did not please his son RC xii 66. 4 f.b. táinic hEoan cona ritirib co Machaire Conaille co ndernsat airgthi ann. táinic dō Murchadh hua C. cucu but M. came up with them AU ii 192. 12 (v.l. táinic imurro); similarly ib. 192. 17 . Same usage AFM iii 40. 6 ; táinic Iohn...do orccain Dál A. tucc doná C. deabhaidh dosoṁ but C. gave battle to him; 34. 3 (doná); 34. 14 (doná); 110. 3 f.b. (dna); 118. 1 (dna).

VI In a weakened sense with interrogatives. ut quid autem...pro impis mortus est, gl. ar cia dono, Wb. 2 d 10 . aut in nomine Pauli babtizati estis? gl. cepu dono adrad dæ do thabirt do Pool in chruth sin, ib. 7 d 16 . omnia enim uestra sunt, gl. ce dono rigne occo. it lib huili, ib. 8 d 15 . cid dā dotbératsu chucci, ScM. § 16 . ní fritsa oI sí rodálusa itir. cid tu dana icim dáil why then TE § 13 Eg. ut est `ar is fo gnímaib midither Dia for duine' cid dono arnáb fo gnímaib no mesemnaighther duine for araile for innus sin, Laws i 48. 24 , cf. ib. 54. 3 f.b. —After concessive cia, cid (like Ger. `auch' in `wer auch komme, was auch erfolge'): cia focherta dā a srúb ar gesce folilsad, BDD § 38 . cipé no ná tic ticfasu fessin, TBC-LL¹ 200 . acht ciat-beram ni andso no tæit nech dḟarcsin maigi Mide, ib. 5018 . gid ed dō but nevertheless Aen. 413 .

VII Various usages.

(a) rofetarsa is foirbthe do hires so. ba toich deit dā ar ba foirbthe hires do máthar, Wb. 29 d 3 . ní fil amain tra Bresi ol sé. ba fír ón dno ní bói acht meth foairi sim ond uair sin, RC xii 70. 14 .

(b) even ? tamquam famulus, gl. rubu fer som muintire maith dā dul humal he had been a man of the household. Good is even (also) a humble position, Wb. 33 a 5 .

(c) aṅgo dā is deithbir daitsiu a Ingceoil, BDD § 80 ; ib. § 90 (twice), § 102 h ; angó dā, § 105 .

(d) intan imorro rofuidi Feinius a dá deiscipul sechtmoget do foglum na nilbérla fon doman Cae dna isé rosiacht co Eigipt, Laws i 20. 7 . I have no further examples of this usage.

1 ela

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ela or dil.ie/19916

Forms: elu, ela

n f. IGT, Decl. § 4 . ex. 1250 . swan: elae auis qu[as]i olo [ = ὅλος] .i. totum quia totus albus , O'Mulc. 381 . elu (gl. cygnis) Thes. ii 47.19 n. in ela hic cygnus Ir. Gl. 509 . risna dirmaib diairmidi d'elaib cycni TTebe 1230 ( Theb. iii 525 .) essnad ealao, K. and H. 29 ( ZCP iii 457 ). conaccatar in dá ela timchell na Temra, LU 132 a41 . Loch nEnaig, adhba ela, Acall. 2427 (cf. 2425 ). airm i cluinfinn cuibdius cubaid ac na helaib (: Febail), ZCP vii 309.21 . robadur... ar dath alainn eala (of a gift of birds, dogs, and steeds) ZCP vi 31.14 . do thiccdis eladha do chantain ciuil doibh BNnÉ 172.22 . mar a n-áirmheann an eala idir na hainmhinntibh amhghlana, TSh. 7796 . Fig.: eala cuain Luimnigh (of a lady), GF, Ir. Monthly 1919, 226 .

An ogam symbol for the letter e: ēn-ogam...aicme ailme . . aidhircleog, odoroscrach, uiseoc, ela, illait, Auraic. 5696 .

1 imm, imb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 imm, imb or dil.ie/27635
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: imm, im, im, im, himm, imm, um, am, ma, mo, uime, um, fa, imm, imma, im, im, um, im, immin, immin, immun, immon, imon, amun, 'mun, 'man, 'mon, imma n-, imma, imma, imman, imna, immum, imam, imum, imumm, umam, umum, ummumm, immut, imut, umat, umaitsiu, iomut, umad, 'mud, immbi, imbi, immi, imbe, immbe, imme, ime, uime, uimme, imi, uime, impe, impi, immpe, uimpe, uimpi, impea, immunn, immund, immaind, imaind, iomuin-ne, immib, imuib, umaibh, impu, immpu, umpu, umpa, iompa, impaib, imum, 'mam, im du, im do, immut, imod, 'mat, imma, imma, immo, ima, uma, má, immo, immó, immua n-, imm

prep. leniting follg. consonant and governing the acc. Forms: imm alaile, Wb. 27b12 . im anad, 27d19 . im Dia, 4c24 . im hirusalem, Ml. 72d8 . im chrechtu (sic leg.), 144c5 . himm chenn, Sg. 54a11 . imm ṡalond, IT i 43 § 13. um, Laws iv 226.13 , Ériu i 91.10 , PH 3855 , TSh. 2502 , etc. am, RC xviii 184.1 . ma, Ériu iv 174 § 4. mo, Leb. Gab.(i) 112.17 . uime, um fhear a chíall ┐ bha fhear ┐ ma fhear a chíall, IGT Introd. 19.2 . fa, TTebe 2767 .

In late O.Ir. and Mid.Ir. imm sometimes governs dat. in pl.: imma rusccuib, IT i 120.9 . im slessaib, SR 3742. im ailib, TBC-LL¹ 1544. um a setaib, Laws iv 226.13 . im chorpaib, PH 7022.

With art.: sg. m and f. immin bidbethid, Wb. 15c14 . immin cathraich, Ml. 48d14 . immun aírc, 83a4 . immon coin, Sc.M² § 21 j . imon imdai, BDD² 1108. amun feis, Sc.M² § 23.8 . With elision 'mun coirthi, TBC-LL¹ 1233. 'man am, ML² 94. 'mon airdrig, TTebe 3912 . n. imma n-: imma nisin, Ml. 56b31 . imma ndelg, Thes. ii 248.7 . imman tech, MU² 871. pl. imna téta, TBFr. 104.

With pron. suff.: sg. 1 immum, Sc.M² § 10. imam, ib. § 13 R . imum, PH 8161. imumm, 8163 . umam, 1800 . umum, 8160 . ummumm, 6159 . sg. 2 immut, Ml. 118c12 . PH 5047. imut, 8184 . umat, 453 . umaitsiu, TTebe 1064 . iomut, DDána 68 § 33. umad, 97 § 34 . With elision: 'mud, 64 § 1 . sg. 3 m. and n. immbi, Wb. 13d22 . imbi, Sc.M² § 3. immi, § 17 . imbe, MU² 705. immbe, PH 873. imme, MU² 716. ime, PH 3301. uime, 2753 . uimme, 509 . imi, TTebe. 1865. uime, IGT Introd. 19.2 . f. impe, Sc.M² § 5 , TBFr. 82. impi, BDD² 539. immpe, PH 7238. uimpe, 8159 . uimpi, Stair Erc. 2076. impea, 1333 . pl. 1 immunn, Wb. 15c13 . immund, TBFr. 188. immaind, TBC-LL¹ 4752. imaind, PH 7945. iomuin-ne, DDána 39 § 21. pl. 2 immib, Wb. 27b16 . imuib, PH 7855. umaibh, TSh. 6949. pl. 3 impu, Ml. 62b13 . immpu, BDD² 681. umpu, 461 . umpa, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1778. iompa, TSh. 6958. With dat.: impaib, MU² 774. TBC-LL¹ 938.

With poss.: sg. 1 imum chend, PH 1871. 'mam chend, TTebe 2928 . sg. 2 im du chenn, Thes. ii 249.1 . im do tegdais, PH 4525. immut taeb, imod thoeb, TBC-LL¹ 4073. 'mat fortacht, TTebe 3757 . sg. 3 imma chomalnad, Wb. 30b4 , imma thír, Ml. 62b9 . immo chend, BDD² 1455. ima chend, ib. 840 . uma chend, TTebe 971 . With elision : má chossa, LU 8520 (FB). pl. 1 immo ar sáorad, Mon. Tall. 127.9 . pl. 2 immó bar mbeolu, RC ix 484.17 . pl. 3 immua n-: immelotar immuan eclis `they circumambulated their church,' Thes. ii 242.15 (Ardm.). ba cendaib, PH 393.

With rel. pron.: imma n-, immo n-, immua n-: nech ... immandaister (gl. mentis incompotem), Ml. 50d2 . immuambiat, 18b4 . én immoniada sás, Thes. ii 294.27 ( SP iv ). imma rrabatar, MU² 861. With elision: aní má tudchatar, LU 9011 (FB).

For Mid. Ir. forms fa, ba=imm see under fo (prep.).

I Of place.

(a) around, about: immib di cach leith `around you on every side,' Wb. 17b19 . condarlicthe tech ... immunn di nim `that a house be let down around us from heaven,' 15c13 . bite im chrechtu (sic leg.) `which are wont to be about wounds,' 144c5 . buithe im hirusalem du assaraib, 72d8 . ara teget immin cathraich, 48d14 . in nél nobith immunaírc, 83a4 . fuslegar de imma ndelg immecúairt `it is smeared all round the thorn,' Thes. ii 248.7 . canir anisiu ... imdu chenn `this is sung about thy head,' 249.1 . (tech) udnocht coíl imbi, Críth G. 102. dodat láim immom bragit, IT i 125.6 . da malaigh ... imma rusccuib `two eyebrows about her eyes,' 120.9 . Ulaid im gnúis Conchobair, 81.10 . ro lásat tri imrothu imma chend, LU 8600 (FB). do ratad ... damdabach dona boccótib immi im(m)a c(h)ūairt an enclosing shelter of shields was put about him all round, Sc.M² § 17. niptar aigthi carat im ḟleid, § 5. (imdae) dá aurainech ... impe, TBFr. 82. tucait a trí timchúardda imman tech, MU² 871. in tech íarnaide imma rrabatar in dá thech cláraid, 861 . Benna Iuchna | imma ndessid ilar fert, Hail Brigit § 19. coro lám cor imón slúag, LU 3781 ( SCC 35 ). día mbé nech occá sirḟegad imme anair ocus aníar, 2028 . do-gní íarum foebarchles don chloidem immo chend, BDD² 1455. suidig na slúagu 'na sreith | bii impu do cach oen leith, SR 5014. tuc a da rigid mun coirthi, TBC-LL¹ 1233. talam ísaind ┐ muir immaind, 4752 . uathbas bretha impaib do thulbemmennaib, 938 . gnáth mirr do thabairt im chorpaib dóine, PH 7022. Egeptacda ... filet imon cathraig im Chirinen `circa Cyrenen,' 5384 . do denum na mur imna cethrai, 1034 . atá comrar chloche imbi and hi talmain, Imr. Brain 48.13 . cor íadsattar ... | 'mon ríg ocus 'mon rīgain `till they closed about the king and queen,' BColm. 88.23 . frisna tūatha imdatāat with the tribes around which they are, ZCP viii 315.10 . in fearann uma ndentar in t-aile, Laws iv 70.23 Comm. ro hadnaiced na geill im ḟert Ḟiachra, RC xxiv 184.18 . cuirfed-sa coimghi c[h]onaire umat, ML² 460. roibhadur an dá c[h]omdáil sin leath ar leith 'mun all, Feis Tighe Chonáin 169. na coroni ... atat 'mam chend, TTebe 2928 . ro thaoscc an muir bleidhmiola mó a fearonn, Leb. Gab.(i) 66 n 8 . do córaigsium a marcsluagh imma Cunga siar, Ann. Conn. 1230 § 3. fuair Conchubhar ┐ Cúchulainn go gcomhdháil umpa, Keat. ii 3528. do ling ... soighnéan do ghaoith ... um an dteagh, TSh. 2502. Peadar umam i ngach aird `may Peter defend me,' DDána 38 § 32. a throigh im thairnge bhfuar | ... | dearna an Choimdheadh im chló ngéar, Dán Dé xxvi 6.

In a special sense, of the meeting of lines of descent in a person: ní ḟuil do thaobh Chuirc nó Chuinn | umad, a Aodh Í Dhomhnuill | fuil ríogh lér dhligheabhair dol `there is no noble connection whom thou owest to resemble,' TD 3 § 54. atáid uime ... ocht nglúine déug uaisle fithcheid ... ó Aodh go Niall Naoighiallach, TD ii 208 y . Turcuill, Íomhair, agus Amhláoimh | iomad, a laoich Locha Riach `belonging to your family,' SGS iv 66 § 28. da nairfinn an ttainig uime dúaslibh Ghaoidheal `were I to ennumerate all those connected with him of the nobles of the Gael,' Rel. Celt. ii 208.27 . do b'airrdheana dísle dhí | ón dá thaobh táinig uimpe, DDána 7 § 37. ríoghradh Éireann | umut ... | go Conn na gcuan | is an drong uadh go hÉireamhón, 114 § 27. In follg. exx. the sense has been transferred to the presence of the blood of one ancestor in a person: Duach mhac Briain do bheith umad, Aithd. D. 41 § 25. ní fhuil d'urradh ná d'airdrígh | d' fhine Chuinn dá gcuir leis-sean | gan tuinn dá fhuil uimei-sean, DDána 82 § 38.

(b) Of clothes considered as encircling the body, around, about, on: criss fírinne immib, Wb. 22d16 . snáthe nobíth himm chenn na sacardd, Sg. 54a11 . co n-étaigib ... impaib, MU² 774. do-bertatar étach ríg dó imbi, BDD² 158. cassla derga ... impu co lár, LU 2199. arit odor immi, 8520 (FB). asso argait imm a cosa, Anecd. i 61 § 90. bec in n-étach-sin immpu, PH 8195. do-chuir tú feoil ┐ lethar mar étach umam, 7457 . a lamanda ... ima lamaib, TTebe 2504 . cionnas tháinic tusa asteach ann so gan édach bainnse umad, Matthew xxii 12. éadaighe úra éadtroma do chur iompa, TSh. 6958. With gaibid puts on: gaibid immib a n-etach macc cóimsa, Wb. 27b16 . lasse gabas immbi, 13d22 . gebid Cú Chulainn a threlam gaiscid immi, MU² 52. gabais Fráech immi cona muntir, TBFr. 352. gab etach ... umat, PH 453. do gab a dhā lāmhaind ... im a lāmhuibh, 1475 . Fig. gabhaidh nua-dhuine umaibh, TSh. 6949. ? To this: ecmaing nís ragbusa immum it happened that I had not taken it (i.e. a ring) about me, TBFr. 335.

(c) more definitely, at, by, along: conaccatar Coinculainn immon corthe `they saw Cú Chulainn at the pillar-stone,' RC iii 182.y . do thuit ma dhoras an gharrdha, Rel. Celt. ii 188.12 . mórchoínd[e] la Toirrdelbach ┐ la Tigernan im Sinaind `a great meeting held by T. and T. at the Shannon,' RC xviii 169.19 . docum na léna boi im bord na habund, RC vi 176.61 . trí meic Tuireann ... | tuitsead im Chnuc mac Miodhchaoin, DDána 64 § 27. a chnuic thoir re taoibh Ealla | ... | giodh 'mud bhruach do hoileadh inn, 64 § 1.

(d) along with, including: coiri cona lánlestrai thige airech im dabaig including a vat, Críth G. 339. humalestrai im chaire, 405 . ro gadatar na huili dúile aicsidi ┐ nemaicsidi imna dá apstal déac, Trip.² 1368. corothroiscset maithe fer nErenn im mac nÓida Sláne ┐ im Fechine Fabair ... ┐ im sochaide archena so that the nobles of the men of Ireland including the son of Aed Slane, etc. fasted, Thes. ii 298.13 . ō thucus-[s]a trī laíchcenn ūait im chenn do chétmeic, Sc.M² § 12. dobretha Findabair ┐ cóeca ingen impi hi tech Con Culaind, LU 8837 (FB). Illand im[ma thūaith `with his tribe,' Hail Brigit § 22. co tísat im gaire | im Maire is im Michéol `together with Mary and Michael,' Ériu i 226 § 4. sē dēsa do imforcra | imum-sa fadēin `six pairs besides myself,' 39 § 7 . secht mna decc ruccus im Ceassair `including C.' (the context shows that there were sixteen others besides C.), Leb. Gab.(i) 12.18 . ro triall sechnóin Eireann ... ┐ a bheirt espoc uime `and his two bishops with him,' 86.25 . cella locha Eirne n-uile im chluain Eoais ┐ Daiminis, AU i 338.18 . secht righ Cruithne im Aed m-brec `including Aedh Brec,' 58.9 . aca innisi dho a mhēt do righuibh doghab righi Mhuman uime `in addition to him,' Caithr. CC 31 § 50 . is dá loch um loch nEachach ` besides ,' Content. iv § 30 . aitchim an dá dheagh-fháidh dhéag ... im Aindrias im Eóin nglan-ógh including, Dán Dé xxv 50 - 51 .

(e) After vbs. of motion, to, into, through, throughout (cf. fo): tangamur man caillidh-so `we came to this wood,' ZCP vi 65.14 . docuadhus man coillidh cetna gut' iaraid, 66.22 . dollotar na slúaig ... im ailib ┐ im airtraigib críchi Conaille, TBC-LL¹ 1544. docuadar in .l. ele as dibh man caillidh `the other fifty fled away throughout the wood,' Stair Erc. 2350.

(f) Of impact, collision (more usually fri), against, on: dolleici a cend immon cloich co n-derna brúrig dia cind, IT i 82.2 co n-ecmaing a tul immon n-all combo marb de, LU 8934 (FB). atraig súas īarsin contarlaic imma scín co m-búi triana druim suas, RC xiii 391.8 . commad im claideb dodoléced con n-abbad, RC xvi 414.27 . tuc béim de immun corthe, TBC-LL¹ 1027. do léig Tómas an buille sin um lár agas um lántalamh, PCT 561.

II Of time. Of the approximate time of an occurrence, at, about: atconnarc ... aislingi immón samain innuraid `at Samuin last year,' LU 3331 (SC). macc Murchada ... do écc im ḟēil catrach fīona `on the feast of Catherine', ZCP viii 111.7 . cath iter Delbna ┐ Uu Maine im ḟéil Ciarain, RC xvii 377.21 . ní do denam dó im teirt `he has to do some duty at tierce,' Mon. Tall. 145.9 . cantir salm aurnaigti ... im espartan, 131.9 . im iarmergi indnocht `at nocturns to-night,' BColm. 68.14 . iomdha um nóin seabhac is sodh, Aithd. D. 5 § 13. um thráth nóna, TSh. 3800. im an uair sin, Études Celt. i 85.28 . budh lór d'adhḟuath mun n-amsa, TD 4 § 32.

III In abstract sense, concerning, as regards, in the matter of, on account of, for the sake of: immin bidbethid, Wb. 15c14 . im dethidnea saeculi , 16b11 . im cech rét runecat les `in respect of everything that they need,' Ml. 57b4 . aní imradam-ni impu som di ulc `what evil we are meditating concerning them,' 93a5 . robói dosom imma thír `that he had for his land' (gl. magnitudinem desiderii), 62b9 . luid Sechnall iar tain du chuúrsagad Pátricc im charpat boie lais, Thes. ii 242.11 (Ardm). (mucc) tri neim ... no-bíata co-ralta ár fer n-Ērenn impe so that the slaughter of the men of Ireland would come about on account of it, Sc.M² § 5. Derdriu a hainm ocus biaid olc impe, IT i 69.24 . nach airm inda tochrathar im imṡéna `wherever they happen to be concerned about a conflict of evidence,' Críth G. 418. dul tria aitiri im ní dichuat fuiri `violating his suretyship in regard to a matter for which he is surety,' 306 . as í sin maigin digona in boaire um a setaib `this is the inviolable precinct of the boaire chief respecting his seds,' 226.13 . Aimirgen ... ruc in chétbreith im Themair, Ériu iv 136.20 . mād imdherccad dagmnā im drūis no im sēna a clainne, Cáin Ad. § 51. is í dias as dech fil i nÉrinn im les a tigerna `about attending to the needs of their lord,' BDD² 1220. bentai Cuc[h]ulaind cona claideb ... co torchair a ētach ṅde ┐ nī forbai imo chnes did not wound him as to his skin, TBC-I¹ 1203. nemchomaitecht doib im caomclód praindi `not to indulge them with a change of diet,' Mon. Tall. 152.25 . do demniugud a n-irse imon esergi, PH 6686. ticfat aidhedha uaisle sunn aníu ┐ frithailid iat im biadh ┐ im fotraccadh, BNnÉ 18 § 36. ro croch tríchait im óenboin, ACL iii 304 § 3. is faillítheach bhíd na daoine ... um fhóirithin ar na marbhaibh, TSh. 5021. iongnadh eagla ar an anmain | ma dhul as an ndrochadhbhaidh, Aithd. D. 80 § 40. is ar tí cumainn chairte | do bhí umainn adhlaicthe `He lay buried for our sake,' Dán Dé xxi 24. bac ar ghriangha um theachta as-teagh `a barrier to keep out the sunlight,' Studies 1920, 262 § 9 . do bhí an fhearthain iomuin-ne for our sake, DDána 39 § 21. do airg teagduis apstolicda San Sem ... uma leabhraibh `plundered of its books,' ITS xix 112.19 .

With the idea of purpose, with a view to: altram Néill im chomga cnes `the fostering of Niall to save his life,' Ériu iv 94.8 . fermaidni nemeli fri rig nime ... immo ar sáorad `we pour forth lamentation ... to gain our deliverance,' Mon. Tall. 127.9 . ar chaínbésaib im chóemchostud na fledi `as regards the fair arrangement of the feast,' MU² 211. ro coraidhid iarum ... cách ... im chosdud na fledhi `to celebrate the feast,' Ériu v 234.36 . ordughadh an ríogh leis um ginleirecht na harmaraile do bheth aige, Rel. Celt. ii 178.17 . an t-augdarrāss ro buī aigi ... um thoigheacht, Fl. Earls 258.16 .

In rel. construction with vb. about which, on account of which, concerning which: atfíadat ... do Úath aní má tudchatar día saigthin, LU 9011 (FB). cia fāth maradgoired isin pupullsa?, TBC-I¹ 2223. in fáth ima nderna peccad, PH 6456. cid ma ragad Condere `why should C. go,' Ériu i 114 § 3. cid imma ngabthar trebad, ZCP viii 112.22 . créd ma tucsabair orm faistine duib, TTebe 1316 . cidh um a faicim marbh thu? cidh um nach faghaim bas leat?, ITS xix 96.13 . ceadh 'ma badh ionpháirte inn, DDána 101 § 20.

As pred. of copula: is ime aderar Glenn na mBodar ris, Comp. CC 86.2 . is uimme tuc Dia chucam thu, PH 509. is uime ro ordaigh Ercuil in cathair sin do dhenum, Stair Erc. 1628. is uime cheana rug Dia an daoir-bhreath so ar na daoinibh, TSh. 4.

With certain vbs. and vns.

(i) Of praying, entreating, asking: amal rotgádsa im anad in ephis, Wb. 27d19 . annongeiss cách imma chomalnad, 30b4 . amail tānigc Crīst co Martan dia fagh[d]e ima brat, BColm. 60.7 . ro-guidius he ima throcaire, PH 2786. ro-n-aitchiset im thomailt na fheoland, 6547 . ailthus Eogan imm essomon E. asks them for a truce, ZCP viii 313.5 . do guidh í ... um creidim na hEclusa do comét, RC xix 378 § 255. rosgáid Ái ... im dilsi in maige sin do ┐ 'moa ainm fair, RC xv 469 § 69. an Trīnōit nemda do atach ┐ do etorguide ... um aon tuismedh amhāin cloinni dfagāil dó, Fl. Earls 222.18 .

(ii) Of fasting for : corothroiscset ... im húatigud na ndoine `they fasted ... to get the population reduced,' Thes. ii 298.16 . rotheiscset (rotroiscsit v.l.) imbi fri Dia, Mon. Tall. 157.18 . trosgcis Mocholmógc impu fair `M. fasted against him for it,' BColm. 92.13 . rofágaib Colmán troscud umpi seo `C. left [as an ordinance] that they should fast for it,' 88.13 . rothroiscset na Cristaide fria Dia ... im a fhurtacht, PH 7259. tredan tri laa co n-aidchi for in gCuimdid imo thodūscud dūib to fast for three days and nights to the Lord to have him awakened for you, ACL iii 3.30 .

(iii) Of granting, bestowing: ron-íurusa im chét mbó bódána, BDD² 267. ronír Brigit immon flaith, ZCP xi 109 § 17.

(iv) Of refusing, denying: coru díultai fri Pátraic imma fleid he refused to invite P. to his feast, Trip.² 2180. noco sénaim-si umat-sa sin, PH 3157. as iad ... nár ér mh'occlach ... im brat no im biadh, BNnÉ 266 § 234. nocot-érfaind imm óenní `I would not refuse thee aught,' Ériu iv 98.4 . eitchither iat im na mnáib `the women are refused them,' Metr. Dinds. iii 324.15 . ar sena féin imm ar n-deilb we ourselves being repudiated on account of our appearance, Mer. Uil. 9. gan duine d'éaradh um shéad ná um biadh, Keat. ii 5183. ro diult Ercuil iat uime sin, Stair Erc. 1876.

(v) Of wronging, violating: sarugad amais um a comairce `the violating of the protection of his hired soldier,' Laws iv 230.17 . mo ṡargud immontí thanic for m'óisam, TBC-LL¹ 1911. a cinaidh sáraigt[h]i Colmāin imon cimidh, BColm. 72.9 . is e in duine-si ro-t-saraig um Lazáir `it is he who robbed thee of Lazarus,' PH 3855. dorūacht cuca in chaillech ... roṡāraigh Bresal 'ma boin, ZCP vii 306.9 .

(vi) Of striving, urging, inciting, compelling: ní etaigthersu imma nisin `thou shalt not be emulous concerning it,' Ml. 56b31 . boí in t-imcosnam cetna beius imón curadmir, LU 9035 (FB). bai didu imchosnum ... im forba Echach eter a coic macaib, RC xxiv 176.6 . gabais cách díb immarbáig a mmuin a céli im gabáil na n-én, LU 3245 (SC). cipe do-s-gní imresain im edpart dona deeb, PH 1116. ro-chomecnigestar lucht na cathrach im chomalliud timnai `he forced the citizens to obey a law,' 6531 . nach greisfider im dénum maithiusa, 4657 . ro ghreis Cirion a muindter im calma do denum, Stair Erc. 1573. comraicfit im óenbargin, Ériu i 132.64 . ro grendaig im cath hé `he challenged him to battle,' RC xviii 48.7 .

(vii) Of mocking, laughing at: tibit in macrad im sodain, LU 8845 (FB). ac fonamat imme `making mockery of him,' BColm. 92.15 . fáitbis tra in máthair imon córaid crodai, PH 6626. dorónsat fochuitbiud immun fadesin ┐ fo Troiánaib, TTr.² 304. do maidh a gean gáire for Coin Chulainn uime sin, Comp. CC 110.19 . lúathgair do chor immum-sa `to make rejoicing for me,' Ériu iv 128.17 .

(viii) Of teaching, instructing: ro-forcan Ísu a apstalu imna rúnib diadai, PH 3419. tanic do fhorcetul na n-apstal ima n-il-berlaib, 5446 . co forcanad hé im ord airnaigthi, ACL iii 10 § 8.

(ix) Of judging: fo-gella ... imm appeals to the judgment in the matter of: bertair do Themair ┐ fogellsat in ríg imbi, BDD² 212. fugeallsat immiu, ZCP vii 305.17 .

In distrib. sense with numbers, for equivalent of to in the Eng. idiom two to one: es da mnae im cech oen fer `two wives to every one man,' Todd Lect. iii 26.10 . ticc días im gach n-aoinḟer úaind, ZCP viii 219 § 18. tricha míle marcach in cech cath dibh ┐ di troighthech um cech marcach, Marco P. § 55.

Used with obj. after words expressing (a) emotion, feeling, (b) behaviour towards.

After words expressive

(i) Of desire, greed, jealousy, envy: mét inná imlainne robói dosom im Dia `strong craving (?) he had for God,' Ml. 62a2 . ar accubur ┐ saint immin domun, 69a6 . ar ét im chrabud `for zeal for devotion,' 36d24 . gabais ... saint an rí impi `the king desired her,' IT i 120.13 . ro gab mian ... imm ṡalond, 43.13 . rom-gab imtholta im erscéluib Tāno do ḟaisnēis dam, ACL iii 3.18 . is cora frichnam immpe na fa anóir na colla, PH 7409. mor menmai ... imma curadmir `great is the eagerness for the champion's portion,' RC xiii 30.35 . rogab ailges ┐ accobur in righ ma fegad int soitig noemtha, D IV 2, 72va 8 . is é Ulcan tre ét umait-siu tuc forru cach col da ndernatis, TTebe 1064 . nocha denaim-se ... fich na formad um airdchendus na Greigi, 834 .

(ii) Of anger and its opposite towards: fích 'mon oirbiri d'aithris `fury at repeating the taunt,' Ériu iv 214 § 8. ocus in aininne mor bis ag neach im a cheli `the great anger which a man has towards his fellow,' v 24.14 . ba lonn ... in ingen imon sgel sin, RC vi 174.18 . cé dogénsam ainmne uime `though we were patient about it,' ACL iii 295 § 22. ba hainmnetach imma chommiledaib, RC ii 388 § 11.

(iii) Of affection and its opposite towards: nípat úarchraidech im chardiu | bat gusmar im naimtiu `be not cold-hearted towards friends, be stern towards enemies,' LU 3493 (SC). co raibhi ic báidhe imme `till he was fondling him,' Moling § 39. ba bádhach (bághach MS.) side im Laighniph `he was fond of the Leinsterman,' § 58 . ar méd a gradha ┐ a deithite uime `by reason of the great love and care he had for him,' BNnÉ 291 § 6. do beith gradach uman creidim cathoilica, RC xix 374 § 247. báidh im congnam re céile affection in the matter of mutual succour, O'Gr. Cat. 354.24. níptor córaigh mo a forba `they were not at peace about their possessions,' Leb. Gab.(i) 112.17 . nirbho sainsearcach im ó nDomhnoill, Hugh Roe 136.13 . mioscais uí Chonchobair im cenél cConoill, ib. 14 . mise go ndíoghrais uimpi | 's gan í go suilbhir umainn, Dánta Gr. 58.3 . minic nach buan críoch a cumainn | ní fríoth achd fuar umainn í, DDána 36 § 4. na bi-si súarach uime `be not ungracious to him,' Stair Erc. 2073.

(iv) Of fear, anxiety, sorrow for: ba leth ndogra immon coin, Sc.M² § 21j . mairg dorumalt a n-imned dorumaltsa custrathsa imma curadmir, LU 9133 (FB). bui sechran adbul ┐ buaidred ... accu ... imme-sin, PH 12. do gab ag tuirsi uime, ML² 293. ar bhfagail leoin ima righuibh, Lism. L. 3207.

(v) Of mercy: ba trocar im na hulib dóinib, PH 1662. déana truaighe umam, TSh. 4219.

IV In special constructions.

(a) Used idiomatically with the subst. vb.: tá ... imm is engaged in, concerned in, in doubt about: cid nombetha im etarceirt a messa im Dia `on what account shouldst thou be about disputing his judgment with God,' Wb. 4c24 . in ceist immá tú, LU 9208 (FB). cía thíastaís formna laech nErend uile is duitsiu dobérmaís remib aní imo mbethe, LU 8814 (FB). cotaispentar dó cach ní immbambí `everything about which he is engaged' Corm. 25 (s.v. imbas forosnai). baoi seom fechtus ann im aine `he was once engaged in fasting,' Ériu iv 120.12 . cid dochanus beith imme what avails it to be discussing it?, PH 5253. co fhoillsiged Dia doib in ní ima rabutar, 7189 .

(b) Used of person adversely affected by action (=dat. of disadvantage) more commonly expressed by ar: rebthair a étach immi, LU 8877 (FB). do lott a aithrige impe, Todd Lect. iii 66.3 . as mor domhillis umainn `you have spoilt much on us,' Ériu v 172.154 . intí romill immum in estrecht truagh `he that marred for me the poor pet,' Moling § 74. malartfaid do rígi ┐ do fhlaithus umat, PH 1390. co ro melachtnaigem ┐ co robuaidrem ┐ co rasgaoilem a dtengta impo, Auraic. 2431. conremesc (conromesc, v.l.) impu `he confused them,' 145 . coillsit tuatha D.D. ith ┐ blicht im maca Miled, D IV 2, 50rb31 . ro mharbh se mac maith umum `he slew a good son on me,' Caithr. CC 38 § 63 .

(c) In impers. const. with vbs. expressing violent uncontrolled action to indicate person affected by the action: nech lasnabi ciall ┐ immandaister gl. mentis incompotem, Ml. 50d2 . ro riastrad immi, LU 8397 (FB). día siabairther immi, 8810 (FB). do luath-lonnaigh im Conall triasa haithesgu sin, ZCP xiv 258.17 . Ercuil ... ro daisedh imbe, Stair Erc. 353.

(d) With vbs. in pass. impers. to express person affected by the action: ēgthir immum, Sc.M² § 10 (for other exx. of this const. see s.v. éigid RIA Dict. Fasc.II). ro gáiredh umpa, ML² 1677 . imdeargthar im Mhaol Mhuire, DDána 102 § 27.

V Used idiomatically with certain vbs., buailid ... imm meets: da mbúailtidhe impodh a ttermann Tighernaigh iad, Ériu v 74.23 . con-gaib ... imm keeps to, perseveres in: anni as a ttarabhairsi bladh ... congmaidh uime an gein mhairfidhe, RC xxix 112 § 8.

gaibid ... imm.

(i) puts on clothes , see supra I (f).

(ii) surrounds, troops around: cid immi gabtais Ulaid uile, TBC-LL¹ 120. coro gabsat immut uli, IT iii 498 § 10. gabsat im Dauid in slóg 'the multitude trooped round David' Ériu xx 120 § 3 .

(iii) seizes, attacks: in días do gabáil immón n-óenfer, LU 8206 (FB). roghab in cerd in liathroit ... táinic in fer rosbuail ina diaidh; rogab in cerd uimpi, ZCP iv 240.10 .

ligid ... imm lies with: nolaigdis dá ingin ... immi cach n-aidchi, Fél. 40.16 . in mál maith 'ma laigdis mná, 54.2 . luigid ... imm swears by: luicchim-se um na duilib, Ériu iv 50.2 . tócbaid ... imm (with or without inf. pron.) rises: rothógaibh Suibhne uimi lasodhain `thereupon S. arose,' BS 114 § 57 . rostógaibh-siumh uime rempa tar gach muine, 124 § 64. tairmescaid x imm y prevents or hinders y from doing x: do thoirméscad umat fógnum do Dia, PH 7718. nir thoirmisg Fer D. sin iompasan F.D. did not prevent them from that, ZCP x 291.22 . no tairmisccedh impo daesccur-sluag ... do marbadh `he forbade them to kill the rabble,' CCath. 5994. no co fileat ic tairmisc na sligeadh coitcindi umunn `they are forbidding us the common roads,' 1270 . gur thoirmesc Ercuil impu é, Stair Erc. 2017. do focair fir n-aignaid ocus screbtra impe `for the truth of nature and scripture forbids her,' Laws v 430.24 . gan a fhulang dot chomarsain no dot chompanach drúis do denum da fhétair a bascad immpu, PH 7451. do-beir bréic (or another word of similar meaning) imm deceives, deludes: na taibred cách uáib bréic imm alaile, Wb. 27b12 . dobertha bréc im nach meraige, LU 8806 (FB). cerbo mór trá a mmuinbech dorat im Loegaire dorat a da cutrummai im Conall Cernach, 8141 (FB). co tartaitis ceilc immon slóg, TBC-I¹ 1462. inní dobeir bré[i]c umpo `the thing which deludes them,' CCath. 1689. is imaind féin doberum bréicc and-sin we deceive ourselves, PH 7945. dorad-sen brēg impe `practised guile upon her,' RC xv 437 § 45. diberthor muinbech im Fergus occum-sa `F. shall be cajoled by me,' RC xxi 316 § 38. doberthar tra múin impu co fessamar ... `let a trick be played on them,' RC xiii 444 § 24.

1 mael

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 mael or dil.ie/31242
Last Revised: 2019

adj (moel, maíl) o,ā. perhaps orig. subst. In Glosses occurs only in compd. npr. (Mail- Ml., Maél- Sg., Móel- Stowe Miss.). Frequently precedes noun, forming a compd.

(a) crop-headed, shorn, and by extension bald . Totmáel, gl. totum calvum (name of Patrick's charioteer), Trip. 322.26 ( Ardm. 13b2 ). in m.¤ Melchisediach tonsured (i.e. a priest), SR 2256. ulcha . . . for in fer m.¤ (of St. Paul, said to have introduced the religious practice of shaving the entire head), Ériu iii 194 § 3. fer maeldub with black cropped hair, BDD 38. scailp ingini maeili duibhi, Acall. 1901. triar scoloc maelruad (= with cropped red hair), 6147 . co mbui in-a lobur moel bald , PH 376. an duine a ttuiteann a ghruagh d'á cheann, bí sé maol, Levit. xiii 40. do loisgedh thrí chéad inghen maol 'shorn maidens' Ériu i 26.161 . (oppd. to: thrí chéad caillech, 157 ). eiric giunta co lomad a ciabaib na crosan ┐ na scoloc ┐ na ningen mæl 'the shorn girls (?)' (possibly a disparaging term) CIH i 304.11 , Ériu lii 218 . roschaullach ingine móile a horse of a shorn girl (?), Triads § 114 , Ériu lii 220-22 . (cryptic) mvnchaol .i. maol, Goid. 78 § 220 (Dúil Laithne) , ZCP xlix-l 613 . As sobriquet: Lucet m.¤ (name of a druid), Ardm. 4a1 ( Thes. ii 259.37 ). Lucat Mæl, Trip. 32.28 . Aoibhioll mhaol, D. MacCarrth. 3.10 , Ériu lii 225-26 .

(b) in follg. exx. applied to persons mael seems to imply youth (possibly with the reference to the custom of cutting a boy's hair at the age of seven, s. ZCP xi 162 n. 9 ): leanb óc, Ériu ii 182.8 = lenam maol, Rawl.

(c) of cattle, hornless: i richt samaisce muile (maíle LU), TBC-I¹ 1722 ; 1625 . hi rricht bó deirgi maíle, Ériu iii 141.2 . bae móelæ, BColm. 84.16 . conaccatar . . . daumu móra máela, LU 1750 = RC ix 482. secht cēt molt nach m.¤ , BB 270b47 . Hence as name of a cow: an Maol Flidaise, Celt. Rev. iv 106. 26 . ar cenn na Maile, ib. 20 .

(d) of things blunt, headless or pointless (of a torso, stump, etc., also of weapons): co tall a ceand de gur fagaib ina thamun mæl, BB 443b37 . gursat maela a méidhe, Acall. 1034. ina meidhibh moílderga (i.e. headless and bleeding), Fianaig. 94.16 , cf. CCath. 6084 , Todd Lect. iv 94.15 , BS 122.25 , AFM. v 1758.15 . lorga maela `headless handles' (of hurling-sticks or clubs), Ériu v 28.17 . a dreolláin cusin eirr maíl, LB 274b25 = SG 57.9 . fíacla máela, IGT Dec. ex. 408. cloidhmhe maela, CCath. 481. má bhíonn an t-iarann máol, Eccles. x 10. dearna an deilg mhaoil the hand pierced by the blunt nail, A. Ó Dálaigh v 9 .

(e) of places, etc., bare: indsi maela, RC ix 460. tá . . . an túr maol (i.e. dismantled ), Keat. Poems 1515. Cf. maelráith below. Exposed, defenceless: maol guala gan bhráthair bare is the shoulder without a brother (= a man is weak without kinsmen), O'Rahilly Ir. Prov. § 61 , cf. AFM v 1804.3 , KMMisc. 354.25 .

(f) fig. blunt, dull, obtuse: cen medra m.¤ , SR 2975 (without pointless talk, circumlocution?). do c[h]lannaibh Cuinn nár maol ferg, ZCP viii 224.5 . trét' aighnios maol, Content. xxi 21. i nduain mhaoil, xx 7. maelinntinnech (= hebes sensūs), O'Gr. Cat. 238.33. lá co leith, ni maoilriaghail `no false rule', AFM ii 572.10 .

(g) cruithnecht m.¤ `beardless wheat' (some kind of inferior grain?): arbur can frichgnum .i. . . . cruithnecht maol, Laws v 222.23 Comm. cruithneacht mhaol, ITS xvii 244. ruadhan . . . .i. mael-cruithnecht, O'Dav. 1369 , awnless wheat, or perhaps free-threshing wheat , EIF 228 . Cf. 2 mael (e) and maelán III.

Compds.

1 With adj. formed from noun: mugh maílmérach blunt-fingered, clumsy , IGT Dec. ex. 789. tairrnge maelrennach blunt-pointed , Fl. Earls 196.3 .

2 With subst.: ¤achad m.: cathir is cul maelachaid ṁbil, LL 149b20 . ¤árus ( ¤áires): na máelairise cen togail .i. Ráith Airthir, Sendomnach ` consecrated residences ' (?), Trip. 250.5 . ¤assa m. a blunt or broad-toed shoe or sandal (esp. one of metal): mælassai chredumai, LL 245b22 = TBC-LL¹ p. liii . da moelasa fhindruine impi, RC xiv 46 § 54. da mælasa finddruine, IT iii 193 § 25 , cf. RC xxiv 200.2 , ACL iii 5.24 , Ériu iii 152.20 . do theiged ina mælossaib, RC viii 150 § 1. ¤chend n.: nírba timm ar ná ba maelc[h]end `lest I should have my hair cropt off', Tec. Corm. § 7.17 = melcend, LL. in a mhaoilchionn bald head , Levit. xiii 43. ¤chircul m.: m.¤-c. óir co clucinib fo bragit cech eich, TFerbe 14 (eine abgerundete Scheibe, Wind.). Cf. maelland. ¤chloch f.: móelchloch ` bare stone' (blunt or flat?), Imr. Brain i 48.10 . ¤chnoc m. a flat-topped hill: Maolchnoc Gréine, Keat. Poems 440. ¤chruithnecht f. see (g) above.

¤dorn m.

(a) a clenched fist: meitither muldorn míled, TBC-LL¹ 2597 = re mǽldhorn, H 2.17 , Eg. Of the fist with closed thumb used as a measure, about four inches , Laws ii 240.4 Comm. (oppd. to `airdem', the fist with thumb extended). Transf. a blow with the fist, a cuff: toirbiris moeldorna mora tar a gnúis, TBC-LL¹ 3903 St.

(b) By extension of (a), sword: m. finn-argit fa choim, LL 267b33 = MU 38.14 . m. findargait, TBC-LL¹ 5211 = mael ṅdorn, TBC-I¹ 3173. maoldorn fionnairgid .i. cloidheamh, óir as na dhornaibh máola toimsithear an chloidheamh .i. an ordóg leagtha aga thomas, O'Cl. (prob. a wrong explanation; see Macalister, Archaeology of Irel. 153 ).

¤gae f. a (blunt-headed?) spear or javelin: moelgae hi llaim gach fir, IT iii 239.141 . dā maelgai . . . co semmannaib argait, TFerbe 5 . ¤mír n. a large mouthful or lump (of food)? eistecht grech a glasbraiget fri med ina maelmireann, YBL 177a23 = na mælmirenn, BB 257b17 . ¤ráith f. a dismantled or outworn earthen fort: immat maelrátha (MS moel | rátha) a large number of abandoned forts, Stud. Celt. xxiv-xxv 67.13 . maolrátha gan mhórtharbha, Content. v 105. maolrátha glasa ┐ doireadha neannta `unroofed green raths', Atlantis iv 144.32 . ¤scolb m. a blunt splinter: as contemptuous epithet, IT iii 102 § 189 = Bruchst. i § 86 . ¤taman m. stump of a tree: as alleg. npr. m.: mac Maoltamain, Anecd. ii 55.

3 With vb.: ¤tamnaigid truncates: ro maeltamnaigit mēidi, Celt. Rev. x 112.30 .

1 scál

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 scál or dil.ie/36295
Last Revised: 2013

n o, n. See Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 76 , O'Brien, Ériu xi 89 f. , Celtica vi 118 . supernatural or superhuman being, phantom, giant, hero. Later also man, human being (espec. in B. na f.; see also banscál, ferscál): ascath .i. scāl, unde ascata .i. lāechda. Nō scālda ar ūathmaire an laoich amhail scāth, Corm. Y 21 . `sgal' láoch (scál, v.l.), Metr. Gl. 15 § 32 . `sgal' ┐ `arg' . . . | sen anmann na bhfer, 13 § 24 . sgal .i. fear, O'Cl. sgal .i. láoch, ib. scal .i. fear, Lec. Gl. M 101 . conaccatar a s.¤ fadeissin isin taig, ZCP xiii 373.7 (Baile in Scáil). nimda s.¤-sa ┐ nimda aurdrach . . . is de hsīl Ādaim [dom], 11 . scal find (of a hero), LL 311b15 , `ein leuchtendes Phantom', Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 23 § 1 . C. . . . in s.¤ sciathach, LL 45a25 ( RC xxxvi 262 ). co faca in s.¤ . . . chuci, LU 8534 ( FB 39 ). immácomarnaic dó ┐ don s.¤ , 8547 ( FB 40 ). co n-acca ní: in s.¤ mór am' dóchumm `a mighty phantom', MacCongl. 71.15 . dom mac neimnech . . . scal fri scalaibh sgelmhaine sgal sgolaidhe, LL 385c33 ( Measgra Uí Chl. 206.43 ). gabais E. scot na scal | os chlaind N. co nefnar, LL 3b24 . marb I. i Scelc na s.¤ , 16a28 . cland in merscáil móir (i.e. Míl), ZCP xiii 364.2 . ? airddithir a scíath ri s.¤ | sithithir a lam ri lae, LL 44b29 = 380b38 .

In B. na f.: do [ḟ]racc (.i. do ben) a scáil (.i. a fir), LU 437 ( ACC 1 Comm ). ēccusc an scāil (.i. fer), ZCP v 484.1 .

In nn. loc.: a nGlinn in Scail, Tromd. Guaire 403.428 . Medb Maige in Scáil, TBC-LL¹ 3228 = TBC-I¹ 2409 .

Compds. ¤baile, alternative title of the text Baile in Scáil ( ZCP xiii 372 ff . ): ro scríbad issin s., LL 132a48 . ¤ḟer giant : co n-acca in scáilfer mór ina dochum, LU 8515 ( FB 37 ). co n-acamar in s. mór . . . chucaind aníar `a great hero', Ériu iv 138.24 .

soillsigidir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. soillsigidir or dil.ie/38347

v (soillse)

(a) makes bright, lights, illuminates : conaccatar an tene cháscda . . . roṡoilsig Mag Breg uile, Lat. Lives 5.10 . is e side ro-shollsich dorcha iffirn, PH 3900 . an taithneamh atá ar gach ndeilbh (viz. in Heaven) | do shoillseochadh uaimh Ifeirnn, Dán Dé xiv 25 . da charpuncla shoillsigis co mor an cathuir uile annsan oidhchi, Maund. 249 . adhantor ┐ soillsigther . . . ē [.i. lóchrann], Fl. Earls 34.z . is annsin soillsiges si an leth uachtarach don re, Ir. Astr. Tr. 88.22 . da soillsig Dia he o imut fert ┐ mirbuile God glorified him (?), RC xii 326.3 .

(b) shines : doraithne .i. dosoillsigh focétoir amal gréin, Trip. lv 34 . soillsighfid tairsib sin uile etrachta gnuisi ind Righ, Ériu ii 142 § 155 . soillsi[gi]dir (? leg. sollsigitir) a suile amal ruithnighudh rind, 130.2 . co soillsiginn [in grían] re muir orrteraigh in domain, RC xxiv 378.3 . slighe an chreidmhe . . . | do dhorchuigh Ádhamh oruinn | níor shoillsigh ó shoin i le | go goin Coimsidh na cruinne, Dán Dé vi 5 .

(c) Fig. illuminates, enlightens : air soilsigthir anaim ind firiéin trí degnimu, Ml. 116b9 . conid hé ind fírsoillsi he triasa ro soillsiged int uile doman, Trip.² 65 . ar an n-ádhbhar sin soillsigh mo dhorchadas, Desid. 1857 . soillseóchaidh Críost tú, TSh. 1697 . lochrann solusda no soillsicceadh tuaith ┐ ecclais tria foircedal (of a person), AFM ii 1058.2 . na grása . . . do shoillsigheas ar dtuigse, Donlevy 208.20 .

(d) makes known, reveals : o alailiu aimsir adchuas (.i. rosoillsiged no roaisneided) do Pátraic, Trip. liii 1 . ro soillsi[g]ther senchi, O'Curry 337 ( H 3.18, 185b ).

todérnam

Cite this: eDIL s.v. todérnam or dil.ie/41122

Forms: t., todernaib

n u, m. vn. formation from *to-di-ess-ro-sní—. pain, torture: in todernam gl. suplicio, Ml. 27c20 . ditodérnamaib inchlidib gl. suppliciis, 40a7 . hi pein fotai ┐ hi todernam, 77a13 . is ansu cech todáernam, 133a4 . t.¤ gl. supplicium, Sg. 133b1 . an doberar do thodérnamaib for anmannaib duíne, LU 1363 . conaccatár piána ┐ todérnama, LU 1957 ( FA 2 ). cia piannad no cia todernam doberthi form, LB 234b20 . ní airechdais saeth na pein na todernam ind iffirn, Ériu ii 142 § 154 . asbert ar a tabraidis to[d]ernuma forru co ndebraidis firindi, BB 496b21 . ar bat nefni fiadu na todernuma ┐ na piana tuctha fair, PH 6590 . díanaig co tódernam ┐ co péin suthain, PH 1818 . d pl. somet. todernaib: i todernaib ithfrinn, Lism. L. 2762 . o thódernaib imdaib, PH 4274 . i todernaib diamra, 4276 .