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ad-cobra

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-cobra or dil.ie/394

 

Forms: accobraid, adcobraim, accobar

v (*cobur, see Ériu xix 115 ). Later as simple vb. accobraid. desires, wishes. Indic. pres. 1 s. adcobraim gl. volo, Sg. 146b12 . atcobraim-si far n-accomal-si do Mac ind Ríg, Lat. Lives 26.10 . 2 s. cía dú adcobrai?, Trip.² 2701 . cid adcobrai formsa what do you desire from me?. LU 10838 . a n-adcobrai-seo ō chách duit féin, ACL iii 312 § 7 . cech naccobur adcobrae (accobrai v.l.) every desire that thou desirest, Ériu i 196.2 . 3 s. amal as nóindia omnium adcobra ícc omnium , Wb. 28b2 . amal asinchobra ind ingen `as the daughter desires it', 10b18 . ni taibrid for nech ní nád accobra, 6c1 . P. dia mbói i llobrai / adcobra dul do Machi `he desired to go to Armagh', Thes. ii 318. 1 (Hy. ii). derchōiniuth di cech accobar atcobra duine, ZCP iii 27.25 . 3 pl. adcobratsidi cumscugud fercæ dæ do thabairt digl[e], Ml. 27b15 . Indic. impf. 3 s. asbert D. ba maith a n-athcobrad Alax. .i. ascnam ind hecnai foirbthi, BB 497b46 . nocon-occobrad sí co ndigsith nach leth cen hésom maraon fríe, Lat. Lives 47.10 . Subj. pres. 2 s. ni accobhrae, Gael. 50, 139 ( Blathm. 892 ). ní nach dūthraccair duit fēin . . . do duine nī accobra, ACL iii 312 .y . 3 s. ma adcobra (mas cobra MS) gl. uellit, Ml. 35a1 . cid natat sláin ind huli mát-chobra . . . indíi adchobrasom do hícc ithé ronícc, Wb. 28b1 . Subj. impf. 1 s. ciadcobrinn móidim do dénum, 17d17 . Pret. and perf. 3 s. atacobair an Dagda dó a cairdeas collaidi the D. desired her for himself, Ériu xii 142.6 (TE2). adrochabair . . . congbáil i nGréin la Aradau, Trip.² 2361 . adcobrastar . . . mnai a mīlead do chomrue ria, ZCP xiii 177.6 . 1 pl. nanní adrochobursam firianaib `whatever we the just have desired', Ml. 56b24 . 3 pl. a n-adcobairsed a n-ithi when (the ants) desired to eat them, RC ix 464.1 . As simple vb.: accobruidh an gilla digh, RC xiv 56 § 68 . is heside ro óccobair orccain Pátric, Trip.² 737 . an lucht accobrus na rétta saoghalta . . . seach na rétta nemhdha, RC xxv 392.14 . na hule no-accobratis doib fén, PH 5779 .

Vn. accobar.

2 aithne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 aithne or dil.ie/2754
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: aithgne, aichinte, aithennta

O. Ir. aithgne. io, n. Later f., and g s. also aichinte, PH 2910 . aithennta, ZCP vi 276.32 (infl. by 3 aithnid). Vn. of ad-gnin, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 546 . IGT Verbs § 54 .

(a) act of knowing, recognising, perceiving; knowledge, recognition, perception: do aithgniu ┐ etarcnu dǽ treu, Ml. 42b13 . ar is hé as eola fri aidgne ind athar (gl. missit Deus Spiritum Filii sui in corda uestra), Wb. 19d9 . do thudidin do menman do aidgniu gl. quoniam benignitas Dei ad penitentiam te adducit, 1c15 . aithgne et adrad, 1b13 . cin sula, di aithniu no foircsiu (leg. -in?) mignima, Laws i 238.14 . as ionad anma d'a.¤ , Anecd. ii 22 § 4 . ┐ iat ic aichne a n-inaid catha do congbail for they knew that their place of battle was being kept, CCath. 6143 . cen aithgne a litri có sin without knowing his letters, Trip.² 97 . a.¤ reanna ┐ úaithne ┐ úama, IGT Introd. 2.19 . robo dibreite aichne . . . in Baibiloin da togail it was inconceivable that B. should be destroyed, BB 6b53 . lucht aichinte Isu those who knew Jesus, PH 2910 . gin gur ghabhuis a.¤ uaim-si as reil dait though you weren't told by me, RC xliii 42 § 39 . do thaobh eólais is aithni, O'R. Poems 1202 . triur as lia iul is a.¤ (of the Trinity). DDána 25.6 . a.¤ thoile Dé, Parrth. Anma 3306 . aos aitheanta ar gceirdi-ni, Content. xxii 17 note . dom a.¤ to my knowledge, Aithd. D. 16.38 . Content. xviii 67 .

Less commonly with follg. AR: beas is mísí is olc aichní ar Isac perhaps it is I who do not know I. properly, BB 236b21 , do reir ar n-aithni-ne ar Conn as far as we know C., ML² 1426 . Cf. a.¤ ar chur ┐ ar chosg réime knowing about, IGT Introd. 2.6 . dlighidh a.¤ iomurbhádha . . . ┐ ar bhráithribh . . . dísbeaguidh, 2.30 .

Used like 3 aithnid: nī ha.¤ dhamh dhīobh díogha I know no refuse among them, O'R. Poems 3161 . a.¤ dhamh go bhfaghair . . . I know that you find . . ., Luc. Fid. 301.7 .

Transfd. of persons: an tú m'a.¤ `are you my acquaintance?' Ir. Review 1912, 378 § 1 . ní mé bhur n-a.¤ `he whom you know', Studies 1922, 245 § 1 = Dánta Gr. 47.1 . bhur na.¤ ┐ bhur neamha.¤ those of you who are known etc., CRR² 13 . cabair . . . a carat na a lan-a.¤ , `intimate acquaintances', MR 238.16 . Cf. mo dhaoine aitheanta acquaintances , TSh. 4252 (3 aithnid?).

Transfd. meaning that by which something may be recognized; characteristic: caide ém aichne rinnairde? Fél. 4.26 . is si a.¤ na tunataide, Laws iii 98.2 Comm. cair caide airceand? .i. comaircim caiti a.¤ na aircinde itir, iv 138.y Comm.

(b) In more active sense of coming to recognise or getting to know: cloc focain cethra .i. . . . fo braigit dia n-a.¤ , Laws i 142.15 Comm. secht ndoirsi fora thichthe / ind laich nar hannsa d'aichne, Rawl. 87a11 . coná baí aithgne neich sech alaile díb, TBFr. 271 . ní ermadair . . . aichne adnacail a maicc she was unable to recognise, Trip.² 1441 . báttar iaramh ag a.¤ ┐ ag adhnacal a ccaomh ┐ a ccarat, AFM v 1646.27 . doním tar muir d'a.¤ uaim / a ghruaidh, Rel. Celt. ii 242.23 . ar eagla h'aithennta for fear of being recognized, ZCP vi 276.32 . ar n-a.¤ Donnchaidh dhóibh, IGT Decl. ex. 670 . With vb. and AR, FOR: saig aithgne forru try to recognise them, IT i 144.24 . atnaigh in ingen aichne fair conar bé Ailill the girl recognized that he was not A., IT i 126.9 ( TE § 12 Eg.). sáilim a.¤ ar an guth nglan / gan cruth a aighte d'ḟégadh I think I recognize (him) by his clear voice, Prolegomena 44 § 16 . míorbhuile máthar Íosa / iomdha fear fhuair a n-a.¤ got to know them, DDána 10.39 .

In phr. beirid (somet. do-beir) aithniu (d s.) with follg. accus. or clause recognizes, realizes, gets to know: ni beram achni (= achniu) aní sin we know nothing of that, LU 10100 ( Imr. Brain 64 ). aralégda (leg. araléga edd.) inda libra ar a mbelaib combo moude ronduca athgnu `let him read the books before them, so that he may gain the more knowledge of them(?)', Mon. Tall. 160.z (§ 79) . tresaní nad rucis aithgnu since thou didst not recognize him, Ériu ii 222.15 . na ber aichne, ar bid fír recognize it, for it will be true, Alex. 835 (with inf. pron. 3 s. n., no bera, v.l.). tuc an ingin a.¤ gurbh'e righ Erenn do bí ann, Ériu iii 152 § 6 . tucsad Gaill aichne cur' fír sin `perceived', RC xviii 299.4 (Tig.) du-s-rad a.¤ gur `he knew that', Fl. Earls 52.18 . Note also: aenoclach . . . m'a.¤ doberudh go becht, Prolegomena 44 § 15 .

Do-beir a.¤ for recognizes (of persons and things only): dobéra imorro cach duine thall aich[ne] for araile iar n-esergi, LU 2661 . sí sin aichni do-biur-sa forru that is what I recognize them for, TBC-LL¹ 1247 . as é sin do ber a.¤ ar galar in duine, 5508 . ní tucsatt . . . na manaig aichne for Colmán, BColm. 80.25 . ní thuc . . . a ech a.¤ ar a hechlais, IGT Decl. ex. 555 . léicid aithne co reveals one's identity to: ro léacceas m'aithne chuicce, Acall. (Leabh. ó Laimhsgr.) iii 71.17. do leig a aithne chuca, Smaointe B. Chr. 5219 (seipsum eis revelat).

(c) recognition (in sense of recognition of a poet by his patron), generosity: an dáonnacht 's an deagha.¤ , O'R. Poems 71 . fear a.¤ na healadhna / urradh is fhearr le a cheathra, 1075 . nár dhamh . . . / gan mh'a.¤ dod ghruaidh ghairthe (of a poet), Aithd. D. 46.1 . benacht chugaibh . . . ar son na ha.¤ do-rin[n] sibh ar an dan so, Mackinnon Cat. 117.14 . tug séala athanta ar shleachtaibh . . . `recognition's seal', Ó Bruad. i 204 xvii .

(d) With subj. gen.: ba maith . . . enech ┐ aichne na mná generosity(?), LB 129a29 . Cf. as é . . . bud ferr i[n] aichni 'na einech (.i. bud fer ri aichni .i. ingne inntlechta) `whose wit was clearest in his countenance', RC xxiv 46 § 3 . fear h' a.¤ si a man with your knowledge, Oss. v 26.7 .

alchaing

Cite this: eDIL s.v. alchaing or dil.ie/2895

 

Forms: alchuing, ailcheng, ealchuing, alchuing

n f. Also alchuing, ailcheng. ealchuing, alchuing f., IGT Decl. § 13 (? 1 al (but see Marstrander, Lochlann ii 215 ) + cuing) rack for hanging weapons, etc.: alcheng ab alligando .i. arma, Corm. Y 97 . alchung quasi arm-chong .i. congbaid arma, 85 . alla .i. ab alligatione equorum. Sic alcheng a ligando arma, O'Mulc. 39 . a.¤ quasi archuing .i. congbail arma, O'Curry 83 ( H 3.18, 63 ). ro ir dom. .. .x. faidlenda (= aidlenda) .i. alcainge co n-imdenum, Ériu ii 5 gl. 87 . rogab in crimall ... anuas da healchaing, Laws iii 82.x . luirecha ara lebarealchaingibh, ML 76.9 . ní thogaibh laoch do leith Cuinn / arm ... dá ealchuing, Aithd. D. 39.22 . ealchuing ar gach slios díobh ┐ a lán bacán ionnta ... ┐ is ar na bacánaibh do chuireadh an seancha sciatha na n-uasal, Keat. ii 3895 . do lámh fan ccráoisigh na cearchuill / as dál fáoisimh d'ealchuing é relieves the a. of its weight(?), IGT Decl. ex. 876 . do chúl cam ní healchuing áer air is no support for(?), ex. 631 . fearg Ríogh na n-uile ar a ha.¤ `though God's wrath be laid aside', Dán Dé xii 3 . Common in descriptions of tumult, clamour etc. in which weapons fall from their racks: conná rabi gai for a.¤ ( ailching, BDD² 498 ) inte, BDD 55 (of the tumult caused by arrival of boats). cuna fargaib sleg ar aidlind ... ná claideb ar a.¤ , MU² 496 . In token of sympathy with death or disaster: co ndechraigsetar ... airm ┐ alchaingi (wounding of Cú Chulainn), LL 22086 . do tuitetar na leabhuir ... don ealchuing ar a rabhutur (a monk's death), ZCP x 246.19 . an adhaigh théighe tar tuinn / raghaidh Éire dá healchuing, Aithd. D. 36.28 . Fig. of a warrior's hands: a.¤ gai glaiss a glacca, LL 15337 . Of a person: Cairbre ... ealcuing congbhala an crábhaidh, AFM iv 670.9 . ealchuing an enigh, IGT Decl. ex. 632 . Cf. mag al cuing (? read chuing, GOI § 825 ), descr. of a girl's bosom , ZCP iii 245 § 52 .

See alchaill.

briugamlacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. briugamlacht or dil.ie/6872

 

n = briugas: na briugaid, ma gabait do láim in briugamlachta (sic) do congbail ` obligatory hospitality ', Laws iii 114.7 Comm.

briugu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. briugu or dil.ie/6874
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: bruga, brugaid, bruighi, brigu, brughaidh, brughaidhi, brughaidh

n d, m. (see Celtica xxiii 172-73 ) Also bruga. Later brugaid. Note n s. bruighi, Blathm. 773. brigu, LU 7096 (BDD), brígiu, Ériu iv 124.11 . brughaidh m., IGT Decl. § 21 ; n p. brughaidhi, ex. 781 , is a proscribed form, but brughaidh, ex. 782 , is correct.

Landowner, hospitaller, in later sources also farmer, yeoman. In legal texts the b.¤ is a rich landowner with a public function of dispensing unlimited hospitality to all persons in his hostel, which must be in an accessible position. For this he is given the same honour-price as the king of a túath , Críth G. p. 79. The tract Uraicecht Becc gives the b.¤ the same grade as the flaith or ruling noble if he has twice the qualifying wealth of the noble's grade, Laws v 76.1 cited below. He must further be hundredful (1 cétach), 10 , see Mac Neill, PRIA xxxvi C 16 (1923) 276 n. 2, 3 . comgraid b.¤ fri flaith dimbe diablad ceana lais gach graidh de tir ┐ trebad, Laws v 76.1 . ni bi b.¤ nad bi cedach; . . . Is e b.¤ andsin is coimdiri fri rig tuaithe, 12 ( ZCP xvi 176.1 ). comdire do rig . . . ┐ do briuga[i]d direnar cetaib, oca mbi caire ansic co na thochus techta, i 40.17 Comm. cach briuga ramatach every `b.¤' must have roads to his house, iii 112.12 . dleagar don brugaid, fer ar gach rod uad amach, co nach roisedh neach secha gan a digbail fris, no gan a tairscin do, v 16.13 Comm. airligud do briugaid nad e fulgadar folaith (one of seven borrowings that are not restored), 372.3 . saland tighe briugad (one of the inherent rights of every túath, due to every person), v 484.4 . na briugaid, ma gabait do láim in briugamlachta (sic) do congbail . . . is [s]aer iat ar cinaid a mbid ┐ ar cinaid inbleogan, iii 114.7 Comm. díḟolaig . . . br[i]ugaid i ngrádaib túaithe, Críth G. 480 `among the lay grades . . . hospitallers are not maintainable i.e. are excluded from othrus,' Ériu xii 86. ár is etargaire coitcend na briughadha do grés in cach crích a mbít (b.¤ recognized as common intervener in disputes , Plummer MS. notes), O'D. 1584 (H 5.15, 7). Note also: blai brugai im cach n-oenach, LL 37558 exemption of a `b.¤' (?) (from liability for noise) = blaī mescae, etc., ZCP xi 83.1 = blaī āne ech n-oenaig, 93.17 . an brugaid = vir dives, Lat. Lives 102 § 97. ingen ríg no roflatha no briugad, LU 10171. briuga ┐ aire desa / . . . / loargg dia sásad, LL 3734. a ceathair i nedoighibh brughadh four (colours) in the clothes of briugu's (the entry puts the b.¤ 's. rank between an ógthigerna's and that of a tigerna túaithe), AFM i 44.3 . dobreth biad dō ōna brigadaib, TBC-I¹ 3428. brugaid bíata dám, Fing. R. 496. creach brughadh, DDána 73.10 . ro ordaigh . . . brughaidh ar gach baile, AFM i 54.1 = singulis Burgis praefectum constituit (Lynch, Cambrensis Eversus), note q. baileda gen brugudu `yeomen', TTebe 3049 . doronta a ccoindmedh for choartaibh ┐ brugadhaibh, Hugh Roe² 98.30 . brughaidh broinn-teasgtha (rich) farmers (?) (denizens of hell), TSh. 6611. As pejorative: mac an bhodaigh nó an bhrughadh, Ó Bruad. i 134.2 . brugha boigbheolach, 21 .

With qual. adj., gen. etc. basa brugaid bíata dám , Fing. R. 496 . b.¤ cétach, in Laws Comm. understood as a b.¤ who kept a hundred men, a hundred cows, etc., see also Hy Fiach. 238 note h.: in b.¤ cedach, uair dlegur de ced fer i mbesaib mogad aici ┐ ced(h) cacha cethra lais, Laws v 76.15 Comm. in briugu cedach .i. ced cacha ceathra aigi, 26 Comm. Cf. also: do briuga[i]d direnar cetaib, i 40.17 Comm. cited supra. briuga cetach atacomnaic, LL 12753. b.¤ leitech see leitech. Note also: bo-briugaidh cedach. Ferbriugadh, tir imdha lais. Righ-briughadh, tuatha fo mam. . . Briugadh conaire .i. ri bis ac seilg. Briugadh dorn chliach, dornnchlaidh imdha lais, O'Curry 981 (H. 3.18, 423a). in brigu feda ┐ in abull fir cumra . . . ceithri ba . . . ina mbunbéim, O'D. 1676 (H.5.15, 28a).

pn As epithet: cend Blai Briugad, LU 11064. co Blai ṁBriuga, TBC-LL¹ 4884.

cádus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cádus or dil.ie/7567

 

Forms: cádhusa, cádhais, cáidius, cáthus

n u and o, m. (cáid) g s. cádhusa, Corm. Y 1250 . cádhais, DDána 101.42 . Also cáidius. cáthus, ZCP viii 195.9 .

(a) honour, reverence : co cadius cainol roclos / con ainius, SR 973 . noco tarat . . . c.¤ do epscop, LL 6879 . is cubaid c.¤ doside, Rawl. B 512 (Plummer MS. notes). bid deochain . . . co cádhus sacairt, BColm. 32.3 . comméitt cadhais íatt aráon, BNnÉ 256 § 214 . eochair chádhais cennacht (cennsacht, v.l.), ZCP vi 270 § 5 . congbail in cadusa, CCath. 803 . fúaratar c.¤ mōr ┐ anóir ic Rōim, BColm. 80.13 . lā cádhusa ┐ anóra móire dona firénachaib (of day of Judgment), RC xxviii 316 § 25 . c.¤ don aes grāid / a n-árus dod réir, KMMisc. 264 § 20 . modh cádhais don arsaidheacht, TSh. 8544 . cadus cathrach metrapoile bui forri, PH 46 . Attrib. g s. luc[h]t cadais ┐ ceimend n-onorach, CCath. 5996 . for fleadaibh fessa / triur cadaís fri gnathlessa (of attendants on poets), BB 333a10 . o thriath na cceimenn ccadais (of the Pope), BNnÉ 283 § 270 . fer toga ┐ cadusa moir do Dia, LB 139b5 . nā togh fēin duit inad cādhuis / um thrāth cota, ZCP vi 272 § 6 .

(b) protection sanctuary : iad ar cádhus Hi Conchobair Dhuinn `whilst they were under the protection of O'C. D.', ALC ii 366.1 . fear na tucc cadhus nó termann do thuaith ná d'eacclais, AFM iv 818.1 . mar aón chadhas, ┐ mar aón tearmand duínn `as our only stay and refuge', Carswell 186.4 . comad ch.¤ ar cach ngúasacht, BColm. 96.10 . árus ba dún ba dindgna / ba c.¤ , Metr. Dinds. i 6.10 . dún no daingen . . . ceall no cadhas no neimhedh, Cog. 114.24 . a ccella cadais ┐ a neimhedha, 40.25 ; 138.20 . cáid ┐ c.¤ a Cades (Kadesh) dicta est .i. caithir dína ataig i ndesciurt treue Iuda, Fél.² xxxiii § 4 .

(c) esteem affection : in cadus mor bai la c.¤ for conaib, Ériu xvi 84.103 . cádhas ┐ cion . . . air, TSh. 2742 . mallacht a chadhois ┐ a cumoinn fair, ZCP x 278.20 .

clár

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clár or dil.ie/9377
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: -mruig

n o, n. and m. IGT Decl. § 96 .

(a) board, plank : c.¤ ndara iter cach dí chóemdai, Críth G. 102 . cláraib cainib . . . / do fidrud saindil Secheim (of the ark), SR 4221 . cethri clair . . . / o[c] coṅgbáil na sanctare, 4257 . co nār f[h]āguib in ghaoth aca clār gan crithnugad (of ships), ML² 703 . ’nar gcairbh síos ’gá gcur lé cláir 'are being put down into our ships with gangplanks' CMCS xxxiv 34 § 9 . ba h-é rian a thocht-ch.¤ (sic leg.) thoir / triall tré chorp-lár an chobhluigh, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 344.19 . na clara tirma, PH 1257 . gur shín an Rí a chorp red chláraibh (to the Cross), Dán Dé iii 9 . Fig. an dara c.¤ tar éis an luingbhristi (of sacrament of repentance), Mac Aingil 29 .

(b) Of a variety of specific flat articles normally made of wood:

(i) breastwork of a chariot: dofil in carpat afrithisi ┐ dorala c.¤ clé frinn (a challenge to combat), LU 5668 (TBC). tossoísom iarom c.¤ clé a carpait fri hEmain, 5194 (TBC). c.¤ a charpait re broind, ar ná tuitted a ḟobach ┐ a inathar ass, TBC-LL¹ 4430 . carpat . . . co tarbc[h]lāraib umaidib, TBC-I¹ 2549 .

(ii) stave (of a vat or cask): in chetna dabach . . . ro díscáil da cláraib ┐ da circlaib, TBC-LL¹ 1366 . mar théid c.¤ a taoibh thunna `as a plank goes out of the side of a cask', Studies 1924, 89 § 30 .

(iii) wooden cover : clar fodluta, Dinds. 79 (`a floodgate(?)'). corb écen clár dia dlúthad / ós a lár dia lánmúchad, Metr. Dinds. iii 456.83 (`a sluice'). c.¤ casta a wine-press (gl. torcular), Ir. Gl. 1043 . cláir ṡaltrach duinde ní dúin does not close the covers of the brown psalter, IGT Decl. ex. 2088 . c.¤ ar ṡaltair lé leigthir, Aithd. D. 11.27 . Fig. do theilg sé a ch.¤ dá chroidhe, DDána 23.24 . beanaidh sé c.¤ dhom chumhoigh `lets my tears flow unchecked', O'Hara 3870 . an mheadh as lán dom lochtaibh / bean a c.¤ dod chumhochtaibh, Dán Dé xxii 12 .

(iv) gaming-board: clar n-argit ┐ fir óir, LU 10807 . adrethsat na firu óir ┐ argait tarsin c.¤ crédumae, 5444 (TBC). ar rop é in síthbe óir dar in c.¤ findruini síl Aeda . . . dar Bregmag, 4269 . pa meitigthir clar fichille cech det, IT i 271.26 . fir chorra ar chláraibh ar sean / do chnámhaibh loma Laighean, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 160.7 . béim chláir ar fhoirinn óir, Aithd. D. 17.15 . na cláir brannaimh, DDána 106.37 . c.¤ nocha bí gan bhranán, Studies 1924, 243 § 15 . c.¤ na himeartha, Mac Aingil 147 .

(v) table : biad berbtha ┐ clāir lāna, Corp. Gen. 87.29 . clār a nomine clarna i.e. mensa , Corm. Y 359 . scian co cnaim eilipaínt for clar i na comair, BB 497a30 . ni bíd mias nā clar occu, LB 155b53 . os cionn chláir `seated at table', Duan. F. lxii 40 . do shéan-roinn chláir an chomhóil, Keat. Poems 1016 . mírín aráin eorna áin / is í mo chuid-se don ch.¤ , Keat. iii 771 . ceann ar c.¤ (of one who is senseless from drink), Párl. na mB. 3229 . 'na seasamh a náirde ar chlár na mionn witness table, ZCP v 209.152 (Midn. Court). Fig. clār na cléire entertainer of the poets, Butler Poems 48 . c.¤ tiomna na trócaire, DDána 21a.12

(vi) writing tablet (under influence of Lat. tabula, Deutsche, Kelten und Iren 99 ), inscribed tablet: hi claraib gl. in caereis, BCr. 41a1 . c.¤ gl. tabula, Ir. Gl. 67 . in clar i scribad, Lat. Lives 50.5 . na haithneda do-fhácsam ac Moysi . . . iter da claraib, PH 7298 . clar ciartha . . . ┐ se scribtha, Lism. L. 3698 = in tabhuill ciartha, 3704 . clar aircdidi ┐ ainm Magnuis Cam 'arna scribhadh . . . fair, Marco P. 66 . cláir an chonnartha, Heb. ix 4 . Fig. hi claar cridi gl. in tabulis cordis, Wb. 15a11 .

(vii) Of some part of a `cruit', the sounding-board(?): onmhuin an bas do bheanadh / an clar tana taoib-leabar, Manners and Customs iii 273 n. an saoi le seinntear an chruit / . . . / tré ghoradh guith-bhinn a cláir, Keat. Poems 247 .

(viii) Other applications: re denam . . . clar sadall de, Laws i 134.30 Comm. (`saddle trees'). lín . . . mad for a cois beth . . . mad innarta . . . o do choi o clar (implement used in scutching flax), ii 374.6 Comm. = fo c.¤ , O'D. 930 ( H 3.17, 658b ); for c.¤ , 303 ( 237 ).

(c) By extension applied to other materials. strip or plate (of metal), pane (of glass, crystal): clar di argut, SR 4289 . clar nderccoir, Blathm. 435 . c.¤ nglainidi, LU 1796 . lene cona clar argait immi border , IT ii 177.93 ( YBL 115b10 ). c.¤ gemnide do lííc logmair, LL 24905 . ba do claruibh óir aithleaghtha ros-dín `plates' (of halls and rooms), Marco P. 147 . mar théid tré ch.¤ ngloine an ghrian, Dán Dé xxvi 23 . feilm chathardha 'n-a dá c.¤ a martial helmet split into two (metal) plates (?), DDána 91.49 .

(d) Used of various flat parts of the body: tulch.¤ ind étain, LU 4908 (TBC). conici clar a dá imdai, Ir. MSS. Ser. 176.23 . moṅg . . . órbuidi . . . fair co c.¤ a dá leas `to the level of his thighs', Ériu iv 138.x . tugais . . . / fuil croidhe is c.¤ ndearnainne palm of the hand, Dán Dé xxviii 29 . i gc.¤ do bhrollaigh, Keat. Poems 39 . See also óenchlár s.v. óen.

(e) level expanse, plain; surface : clar cosmoil an domhan `a level expanse', Blathm. 951 . am heolach cláir thalman tinn, ACC 45 Comm. ( RC xx 178 ). dia taethsad neam anūas for clār an talman, BColm. 54.29 . a c.¤ findglan . . . / a thír ferach, LU 4122 . Magh Raighni . . . / clar lethan lanḟota, IT iii 95 § 147 . cach caille c.¤ `every spreading wood', Ériu xvii 91 § 10 . bātar cadain for clār chlīu / clār ṅdess gēisse for suidiu, Corp. Gen. 281. 12 - 13 . fo c.¤ nimhe gloin, Ériu iv 238 § 15 . C.¤ Cormaic, C.¤ Cobhthuigh (poetical names of Ireland), Mart. Don. xxxix 5 , 6 . ? Also du Chlár Chonairi, Ériu xxi 137 § 3 . da mbeith an talamh na clar comtrom, Ir. Astr. Tr. 20.x . tri dha poll a da clar `of its two surfaces' (of an astrolabe), 132.27 . ar ch.¤ gach conaire `along every path', LBranach 3268 . c.¤ oighridh ice-flag, Dán Dé xxxi 11 . c.¤ na mara do sgaipeadh le sgála, ZCP v 223 ( Midnight court 742 ). 'na c.¤ choimhréidh chrábhaidh (of the soul), TSh. 10526 . Cf. ar ch.¤ do chroidhe `on the table of thy heart', Proverbs iii 3 . ? clar, bas, a spoke, Eg. Gl. 522 . See also óenchlár s.v. óen.

(f) table of contents, index (infl. of Lat. tabula JCL ix 44 , Deutsche, Kelten und Iren 99 ): clar . . . iar n-urd aibghidre an alphabetical index, MS. Mat. 541.35 . in dara capidil don dara c.¤ , cited O'Don. Gram. p. 377 fr. Med. MS. ataid x. cclair orra sin an .c. clar dibh neach labrus do na siroipibh, Mackinnon Cat. 301.11 . c.¤ chaibidlech `table of contents', RSClára f. 160b . c.¤ an leabhair, Donlevy xlvi 1 .

Obscure: colla c.¤ cannoe nad léit Lugthiach, LL 287a22 . atait tri tedmanna faillsigthe condad comdire fri bas bet, clar neinech ┐c.¤ , O'Curry 2142 ( Eg. 88, f. 2(3)b ). dichor Cairpri do chlar fiss, CRR 56 .

Compds. With noun. in gach cláradba wooden dwelling (of ships), Leb. Gab.(i) 210.24 ( LL 258 ). lingid bric is eignedha / do chlar-bharr gacha tuinne smooth top , KMMisc. 313.28 . in da bla dec frisi cuindrighter crich . . . Clarbla, ailbla . . . `a flat mark, a stone mark', Laws iv 142.9 Comm. ; clar bla [.i.] crich annsin nad n-incoisceadsiach comarda, ┐ na cuinnridter seancaid which is not distinguished by any landmark, 12 Comm. clár-bhórd taoibhe loinge plank , Hard. ii 224.3 . ina clarcolbadaibh gorma ` board-pillars ', CCath. 4424 . da clárchiste mora wooden chests , LU 179.183 . clārc[h]oilér cressa `a stout corslet ', Fianaig. 84.29 . clarcraithe coimhlethna capcainn-reamra for gach mūl ` blinkers ', Fl. Earls 252.25 . clarchris ` board-baldric ', CCath. 5227 . ro scaoilseat clárdroicheat Cille Dalua plank bridge, AFM ii 1178.13 . lethanchlais . . . ┐ clárdhroicheat comhdhluta fuirre, vi 1896.7 . mó a clárḟíacail (sic leg.) . . . / iná fían-chlár fidchille front-tooth, incisor , Metr. Dinds. iv 138.77 - 8 ( LL 29910 ). dothuit an fer mór . . . ┐ aghaidh ar Coinchulainn, go ttarla cláirfiacail an ḟir mhóir a mullach a ghualann, RC xxix 130 § 41 . lan eneclann isin da clar fiacail anuas . . . leth eneclann isin da clar fiacail anis, Laws v 354.8 , 9 Comm. a clarfhiacla uachtair ┐ a culfiacla ichtair, LB 154a52 . clarland cummaide credhumha `flat plate(?)', CCath. 5229 . in clair-leibind level expanse, Metr. Dinds. iii 356.22 . da thir as uaisli a nEirind / da cúigead in clairleibind, BB 62a39 . etir na clarlestraib út wooden containers, LU 181 . clármachaire in Choruinn level plain, Acall. 1504 . fail ann . . . / mor cet cetach clármaige, SR 508 . dognitis clarmhuige coimreidhe dona slebtibh roardaib, CCath. 3930 . clarmíasa bíadhmhara an tighi co mbíadhaibh examhla wooden dishes, Ériu iii 156.32 . -mruig: ro thidnacht dō tír Caim / ┐ clárbruigi Cannáin, SR 2794 . cláirneamh `Heaven's land', Magauran 1215 . coraib . . . / ríu i clárnimh ar comdál!, Gorm. Apr. 14 . din carpat itir cret ┐ cuing ┐ clár-rothaibh, TBC St. 667 . ¤sceimelta (1 sceimled) wooden coverings : clar-sceimelta cengailti . . . cath-sciath, MR 224.4 (`breastworks'). do chlarscíathaibh aladaib, CCath. 4983 . ¤ṡnaide: inneamh póirghine gach cnó dá clárshnoighe, DDána 83.16 . téada . . . / ar clarṡoileach `a willow harp', Manners and Customs iii 271n.

With adj. an fPailís . . . chlárchorcra `red-timbered', Studies 1920, 262 § 5 . ferais tromṡnechta . . . corbo chlarḟind uili coiceda Herend don tṡnechtu white-surfaced , LL 9026 (TBC). a cúirte clárghorma, Studies 1920, 568 § 21 . ó Chodhal chláirleabhar, Aithd. D. 4.7 . tulcha cláirmhíne Caisil, DDána 74.45 . soitheach cláirniamhdha cloichdhearg `of shining expanse', Celtica ii 165 § 35 . nemh fuair an tanmchara adcidh | ar a thír clár tana coemh, AFM ii 886.x . an t-all cláirthe cuaisleacach `hot-flagged', Magauran 2347 . idir shleasaibh do choim chláirthigh, DDána 122.13 .

With adj. derived from noun. mic Connil Cláiringnig flat-nailed , IT ii2 111.38 . do glaic Congail Chláringnig, LL 15112 . cumhdaighthi clarthairrngeacha `made of boards nailed together' (Gloss.), Hugh Roe² 108.28 . Niall on Challaind chlartholgaig, LL 15366 .

With past participle: cathbarr ciarrach clardedaighthi, ZCP x 299.10 . do chubachlaibh claruaighte na cceledh nDé made of planks joined together, Hugh Roe² 32.28 .

clethchor

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clethchor or dil.ie/9462

 

n o, m. (1 cleth + 1 cor) palisade, fence, hurdle : Cré is Caire na clethchur `of the palisades', Metr. Dinds. iii 276.15 . Attrib. g s. Mumaín . . . / in coclaig craebaig clethchuír, BB 62a30 . In n.loc.. ainm an inaidh sin . . . Druim Cleathchóir, SG 23.15 . In various applications: dá chrand cháela táeb re táeb / sesin féin ar cleathcor cháel `on a narrow hurdle' (of a corpse), Ir. Review 1912, 250 § 13 . cona bai [ní] ic congbail a inne . . . ann acht an clet[h]cur sleg seimnech sithremar batar comtharsna trena cnes, CCath. 3635 . clethchur fiacal imma cend, LL 4582 . iter c.¤ ndub ṅdaelabrat, BDD² 1020 (`a fence of eyelashes', Gloss.). Of an array of warriors: ollmass in cethrur . . . / ba clethchur sáer co sognass, Metr. Dinds. ii 66.10 ( LL 25673 ). cleathcur fa calma in cach cath / in ceathror merda menmnach, iii 358.31 . cleathchur .i. cráobha coibhneasa no gega comhgháoil, O'Cl. da fer dec is cethri cain / ropo chlethchur co cetaib (of a line of kings), Rawl. 163a13 . c.¤ coem (name of a metre), IT iii 51 § 94 . fiscomarca filed .i. duili berla ┐ clethchor choem, 49 § 91 .

clíath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clíath or dil.ie/9484

 

Forms: cliatha

n ā, f. IGT Decl. § 39 (91.13) . g s. also cliatha, Cog. 156.6 .

(a) hurdle : cliath gl. creta [crates], Ir. Gl. 126 . denam cleib, denam cleithe, Laws v 474.4 . gach uair is loscadh comhraite is clía nudhnecht (sic leg.). Gach uair is loscadh anfoit is clia lathrach n-aile, iv 252.1 Comm. (cliath v.l.). cia sáer ro fích in cleith, LL 26382 . dogníthe derc . . . ┐ cliatha tairsiu. No briste in gae . . . ┐ a rind tresin cléith, RC xiii 454 § 48 . doratsat . . . cliatha caelaigh mora ós a cennaibh ┐ scratha fót tairsibh anechtair (as protection for beseigers), CCath. 1881 . laem . . . ainm don clēith bīs fon arbar oca tīrad, O'Mulc. 806 . cor eptha i cléith `putting a charm in a hurdle', MacCongl. 71.25 (prov., in a list of useless actions). Attrib. g s. i leabaidh chléithe, TSh. 2304 .

(b) Of a house or `les' (see 2 les) wattle panels of walls, doors or gates: samaisc i cléith tís, colpdach i cléith túas, Críth G. 215 - 16 . dá [n]dorus [n-]and —comla[e] ar ala n-aí, c.¤ ar alailiu, 101 . dofet cliath cleithe .i. as remtechtai lium cliath ichtair in tighi do denam ar dus anas cleitine a mullaighi, O'Curry 1874 ( 23 P 3, 21 (23)a ). ro híadad in tech . . . ┐ doratad crann ar chleith (arcleith v.l.) airi immach, Trip.² 604 . elaim-si itir clēith ┐ ursaind, MacCongl. 123.18 (cf. cliathcomla). c.¤ ná comhla ré lis, A. Ó Dálaigh lv 5 . ní bīat clīatha re rátha, ZCP xiii 9.23 . an ḟuinneog iomagallmha . . . ar a mbī cur cléthe nó gráta, RSClára 93b .

(c) woven fence, palisade, outwork : doratad immorro M. . . . dalta do Choin C. . . . ar cléith ar dorus in dúne, LL 13404 . do-rigensat . . . cliatha do scia[i]ch ┐ do draigen i mbeol ind atha fri R. cona muintir, cona rochtadar dul darsin n-ath, IT ii2 230.74 . imthus re marcach eich leith / a n-Ath Gallta itir da chleith, Leb. Cert. 20.8 . nī tucc a acchaidh re clēith / budh ferr do c[h]ongbālaidh scēith, Ériu xvii 28 § 50 . do congbail clethi ┐ do cosnum cathlaithrech `to sustain the front', MR 148.9 . airm n-a gcléith ar comhlaibh tor `swords form a fence round his castles' portals', Magauran 1705 . Of the Cross: ar chléith dhoinnbhear dia hAoine / do coinnmheadh Dia dar ndín-ne, DDána 47.2 . Fig. Máol Mórdha . . . / Pilip Óg . . . / dhá chléith le dornchlaibh docra, O'R. Poems 2799 . gurab í an fhíor-aithrighe is comhla ┐ is cliath chosnaimh ag na daoinibh, TSh. 6894 . c.¤ fri opposition to: cliath ra heclais mairg dogní, LL 19300 . a cliath fri nem (to the sinful soul), PH 8175 . With various defining genitives: is lá Hú Tegtechān bith for in clē[i]th dāla ┐ an t-escra ana lāim a bar for dispensing drink(?), BColm. 52.29 (`hurdle of assembly'). cliath fhosgaidh ar āth, O'R. Poems 664 . Toirrdhelbhach . . . baí ina cleith ḟosccaidh . . . ag gach aén `a sheltering fence', AFM vi 2106.18 . dia tartamni .xxx. d'ar ṅdegdoinib immach i ṅgiallas bid tanaite ar c.¤ gabala sund. Doregthar forn issin cathraig defence, LL 283a4 . cladh coigcriche ┐ . . . cliath ghabhála fri hUltaibh, Hugh Roe² 216.14 . sgiath didin ┐ cliath ghaeithe Ghall re Gaeidheluibh `wind-hurdle' (i.e. protection, shelter), ALC ii 310.22 . in comla catha ┐ in cliath ugra, Cog. 188.7 . cf. 56.y . cúig tríatha . . . / cliatha gaisgidh na nGaoídhiol, O'R. Poems 2716 . cliath mhínighthe na ccóig ccrīoch, 661 . ard gach oentu . . . / cain cach cliath brathar protection of a kinsman(?), Cog. 122.18 .

In phr. i ccléith x on the side of x, in alliance with x: mairg . . . ro threicc a chorpfhine . . . ar dhul hi cleith ┐ hi ccomhaontaidh a éccrad, Hugh Roe² 264.18 . N. do thocht i ccléth cloinne Domhnaill, AFM iv 896.14 . a chaoraigheacht do breith lais i ccleith Gall to the side of the English, 890.5 . M., mairtír nar thrēith: / bīodh san chnoc im chlēith go fíor, Celtica iv 163 § 236 . `i gcléith le `to be united to, allied to, associated with' s.vv. adiungo, applico, affectus, affinitas, Risdeard Pluincéad', cited Celtica iv 192 .

(d) Extended applications: dorála D. do Ch. ar in cleith oc leith na Sinna ` bridge ', SG 397.6 . tucadh amus fair im cend cleithe Atha Luain . . . cor'thoit cliath an drochaid fút[h]aib, RC xviii 167.5 (Tig.). co nderna droichet ┐ clíatha dermhára díbh ┐ rathanna romora tarsin [cuan] cétna, CCath. 1391 . stretcher, litter, bed : cen chlíatha cen tulggu, Críth G. 101 . nónbar . . . ro-bái fón cleith fora raibe tarr na muici, Sc.M² 6R . dá ḟer déc for clíathaib airgdidib imon imdai, BDD² 1107 . búi an péist . . . ana lighe for cleth iarnaide, a lan do crithribh teindtidhi fon cleth hisin, Aisl. Tond. 108 § 3 (super cratem ferream). fo cholbaib ┐ fo immdadaib ┐ fo clīathaib in rīgthige, MacCongl. 11.17 (`screens'). cliatha caolaig doriginset Laigin . . . fo cosaib caorach . . . 'ca n-adnacal co Dún nÉtair, Dinds. 28 . láindíre do oí ina lias uasa a chleith codla, Ériu xiii 27.22 . clíatha fis (apparently always made of rowan branches) beds on which druids slept in order to acquire occult knowledge: luidhset na druidh fora cliathaib fis ┐ rothoghairmset demhna, Marco P. 32 . dochúatar na draoithe ara ccliathaibh cáerthainn ┐ tuccadh . . . nua corma doibh, V. SS. Hib. cliv n. 5 . codail ar do chliathaibh fis / cuardaigh aigéan gach oiris, Content. x 2 . is eadh do-nídís cruinnchliatha caorthainn do dhéanamh ┐ seicheadha na dtarbh n-iodhbarta do leathadh orra . . . ┐ dul mar sin i muinighin a ngeasa do thoghairm na ndeamhan do bhuain scéal díobh . . . gonadh de sin do lean an sean-fhocal . . . adeir go dtéid neach ar a chliathaibh fis an tan do-ní dícheall ar scéala d'fhagháil, Keat. ii 5448 ff. harrow : cliath fuirsidh[e] (gl. eripica [rastrum]), Ir. Gl. 240 . braca, cliath, foirseadh, Eg. Gl. 70 . go niomat cliath ┐ prácadh, AFM vi 2186.20 . le clíathaibh foirsighe íaruinn, 1 Chron. xx 3 . clíath scéith framework of shield : o clíat[h]aibh sgiath secht mac Meadbha, Ériu x 85 § 88 . cúic árnaile saorus fer nimthechta ar tigradhus na ninnile .i. cliath tasgair (? trascair) do iadadh friu (some sort of hurdle for keeping cattle enclosed), O'D. 887 ( H 3.17, 637 ). Of the oars of a boat: ro cuireadar amach cliatha . . . crannrighne cruadhrámhadh, CF² 39 . Of an animal, the loin, rib-cage : mas ar son carna ata é is cnaimh ar in cleith uile (of the amount of condiment allowed with different joints), O'Curry 183 ( H 3.18, 99 ). curro bris a cleith n-asnai, TBC-LL¹ 565 n. 4 . cliat[h]a bō, Ériu x 85 § 88 . do imreadar na lanna . . . gurba cliatha tolla . . . na taíbh, CF² 801 . Of a bird's wings: glésaiss . . . a ghulbain a ccliathaib a eite, Mart. Don. 176.17 . Of the strings of a musical instrument: cid cia ro chodail . . . re cliathaib . . . ciuil, MR 110.y . ar chléith tana do thimpáin, IGT Decl. ex. 882 . Of the web of cloth: corba dluithither re cleith lenad (leined, v.l.) arna landluthud in lini sleg, TTebe 2823 (`stop- hurdle'). conarbho dluithe cliatha leinedh ar n-a dluthadh, ITS v 64.11 . ? cliath .i. umat, [ut est] ar bi[d] mer fo cuachnaidm cliath ferba .i. amail bi[d] mér fo cuachnaidm duitt iumad briathar in filed `a multitude of words', O'Dav. 397 (but `? metaph. use of clíath in sense of phalanx', Plummer MS. notes).

Freq. of the close ranks of men (and weapons) in battle, especially in phr. i ccléith, i cclíathaib in close fighting(?): ni ró ḟég F. dar a ais riam . . . ic astar no ic imthecht ┐ chléith ┐ chath (? leg. i cléith no i cath) no chomlund, TBC-LL¹ 1905 . nach hi ccath no hi ccleith / do fáccbadh é, ar sccáth a scceith, Cog. 88.22 . buaid [cacha] catha ┐ cacha cliatha, 156.6 . i n-imairic áigh nó i cléith comluinn, CCath. 627 . M. ┐ C. do marbad a cleith do O., Ann. Inisf. 1108.5 (`in a skirmish'). gur lingsed in dā chlēith . . . a cenn araile the two (opposing) ranks, ML² 1189 . d'fisrugad clethi Conaill ┐ aird-grinne Eogain `the phalanx', MR 176.3 . ro coraigheadh ider na curadaib cliatha . . . ceinngera do shleaguibh `rows', Caithr. CC 72 . díon a threabh . . . a ccliathaibh `in fighting', Rel. Celt. ii 222.31 . deacair an chéim i gcliathaibh, PBocht 3.38 . baidhbh id chomhghaire i gcléith, Aithd. D. 5.17 . i gcléith chogaidh ní dú dol / 's gan tú go habaigh aosmhar, DDána 105.23 . ? amail corra crit[h]bel / ri clīat[h]uib cāich / fir Ērenn re clīat[h]ib-sum / ō sin co tī brāth, ZCP xiii 15.1 , 2 .

In nn. loc. see Hog. Onom. s.v. and s. Áth Clíath .

Compds. With nouns. ¤bern in phr. c. chét one who makes a gap of a hundred in the enemy's ranks : in cathmilid ┐ in chliathbern chét ┐ ord essorgni, LL 8219 ( TBC-LL¹ 775 ). an dubdhortadh díl[e]ann ┐ an chliathbearna céd . . . .i. Caiseal C. airdrígh Lochlann, CF² 1001 . Also ¤bernaid id.: na da curaid ┐ na da chliathbernaid chet, TBC-LL¹ 3245 . atat daimh dilann ┐ cliathbernadha cet . . . i Cnuc na Cenn, RC xliii 40.29 . Also of the gap itself: atconnairc na clíathbernadhae mora oslaicte . . . ┐ na muir 'arna muradh `the great battle-breaches open and the ramparts rased', CCath. 3724 . ¤bernadach id.: tuarascbail . . . a cathmiled ┐ a cliathbernadach cét, TBC-LL¹ 5147 . os chliathblai Charmaind battle-field(?), BB 37b26 . cathmilid ┐ cliathcomla cathu shield (fig. of a warrior), TTr.² 1582 . cliathdhroichet do dhénamh oc Ath Luain wattle bridge, AFM ii 1132.18 . fa chliathfhroighibh do chraobh mbreac, DDána 68.38 . tiar tre chliathghaoith cláir na bhFionn ` battle-wind ', O'Hara 3081 . mairg tarla i gcliathghoil 'na cheann `ardour of a skirmish' (Gloss.), Ir. Syll. Poetry 64 § 14 . fa chliathmhadh Céin, O'Hara 2620 .

With adj. mac Piaruis chaoimh chliatharnaidh `fierce in battle' (Gloss.), Butler Poems 1351 . Éire chliathbhras, Hackett xliv 3 .

con-gaib

Cite this: eDIL s.v. con-gaib or dil.ie/12134

 

Forms: concbaim, congaib, congeib, cotṅgæib, cotibgaib, cotngabthus, cotageib, -coṅgbathar, congaibther, congebethar, congaibid, congaibet, congabet, coṅgabat, congaibter, -iur, congebhtar, -congebed, congeibti, -congbaitis, congab, congaib, congbad, congmaid, cotomgabasa, -congba, congabthar, conumgabthae, congéba, congébat, con-gab, congab, -chongaib, conacab, conacaib, conaccaib, conaggaib, conággaib, conácbad, congabsat, conácaibset, congaibset, congbaid, -gm-, coinnmid, cuinnid, chomhgab, comghēba, coingmhidh, connmuighter, -cconngthar, congbáil, congbathi

v (* com-gaib-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 528 ). Indic. pres. 1 s. concbaim, Cáin Ad. 6 . 3 s. congaib, Ml. 131c12 . Sg. 35a12 . Fél. Ep. 76. 279 . ZCP xi 86 § 46 . congeib, Fél. 66.29 . With inf. pron. cotṅgæib, SR 621 . cotibgaib, 7834 . ? cotngabthus, LU 8440 . cotageib, 6849 (BDD). With depon. ending -coṅgbathar, TBC-LL² 4748 . Pass. congaibther, Wb. 21c6 . Hib. Min. 11. 380 . ? congebethar, TBC-I¹ 2043 . 2 p. congaibid, Trip.² 812 . 3 p. congaibet, Sg. 53a10 . congabet, Dinds. 71 . coṅgabat, TBC-LL² 4027 . Pass. congaibter, Ml. 27c14 . -iur, ZCP iii 448.2 . congebhtar, O'Curry 300 ( H 3.18, 165 ). Impf. 3 s. -congebed, Thes. ii 315.2 . Pass. congeibti, Leb. Gab.(i) 144.15 . 3 p. -congbaitis, Ml. 55a18 . Ipv. 2 s. congab, Mon. Tall. 149.33 . congaib, ZCP vi 272 § 8 . 3 s. congbad, Tec. Corm. 2.4 . 2 p. congmaid, O'D. 1946 ( Add. 4783, 7b ).

Subj. pres. 3 s. ? cotomgabasa, LU 8323 ( FB 24 ). -congba, Laws v 106.8 . Pass. congabthar, Ériu iii 108 § 55 . Impf. pass. s. conumgabthae, Ml. 27b7 . fut. 3 s. congéba, LU 2714 . 3 p. congébat, TBC-LL² 344 .

Pret. and perf. (with -ad-). 3 s. con-gab, Corp. Gen. 9.13 . congab, Thes. ii 329.2 . -chongaib. TBC-LL² 3454 . conacab, Ml. 100c1 . Trip.² 1820 . RC xx 46.3 (ACC). conacgab, BB 366a38 . conacaib, Trip. 552.7 . conaccaib, Trip.² 1690 . conaggaib, 865 . conággaib, LU 5023 (TBC). Pass. conácbad, TTr.² 1365 . 3 p. congabsat. Thes. i 496.36 (Ardm.). conáccubsat, Trip.² 998 . conácaibset, LU 7996 = congaibset, BDD² 1532 .

Later as simple vb. congbaid, -gm-, coinnmid, cuinnid etc. Note also do chomhgab , Leb. Gab.(i) 120.18 . comghēba, Leb. Cert.² 166.6 . coingmhidh, Párl. na mB. 2132 . connmuighter, O'Gr. Cat. 254.22 . -cconngthar, Luc. Fid. 5781 . IGT Verbs § 68 .

Vn. congbáil . Vbl. of necess. congbathi.

(a) contains, includes; maintains, preserves, supports, upholds; keeps (in a wide variety of applications): airindí oṅgaib arma gl. armamentarium, Sg. 35a13 . sechis conum-gabthae són gl. occuparer, Ml. 27b7 . níscongbaitis gl. non continentes, 55a18 . congaibther tóib et airchenn and `are held together in Him', Wb. 21c6 . ise a bés na cleithe . . . congaib ┐ congaibther it contains (supports?) and is contained, Laws iv 358. 22 - 23 . ? cotagaib febtha furglide for daghdaine deis, O'Dav. 673 . cotngaib inna chertraind chóir comchethbuid, LU 7375 `maintains him in his just position', BDD² 1013 n. Mane cotageib Uli, LU 6849 (BDD). 6853 . Cóir Anm. 229 , `der sie alle umfasst', Heldensage 123 (see also Ériu xiv 153 ). c.¤ conscara has in his power(?), ZCP xi 87 § 49 . conággaib ainech ┐ anmain damsa upheld (of hound), LU 5023 (TBC). ? clīabinar . . . congebethar co barr ūachtar a dondfūathrōici by which he is covered, TBC-I¹ 2043 = co ngebethar dó, LU 6558 . c.¤ óm (fh)odbrond com ó `it extends from my ankle to my ear' (of a shield), Ériu xx 192 § 3 . ? congeib da recht deismirecht digla, Laws i 10.27 . in tan . . . conagaib T. céll for a ecaib, BB 426b1 (for ro-gab, see cíall, 176.57) ? M. miadh . . . / cotgaib cach riadh / roimdidi, IT iii 57 § 109 . inda-hí-siu huili con-gaibter i n-etlai `are combined in holiness', Celtica viii 59 § 1 . mus-comgaib (leg. con-?) dóib cathugud for lár in tige `began to fight', Celtica iv 24.1 . oeinfer codogabai ina danu-sæ ule `possesses', RC xii 78 § 67 . ? congabar etarguidi ┐ gne ┐ cenal doib, Laws iii 96.19 . congbat talmain (of gods), PH 1135 . fer . . . no congbadh feidhm in comit who took the comes' place, CCath. 59 . bannáomh rodacongaibh `who kept herself (a virgin)', Ériu v 82.32 . do congmhadh amuigh Maodhóg kept M. out, BNnÉ 227.33 . a chliar sa . . . / congbaidh uaibh damhsa diorma support (billet) a troop, 288.8 . fasdó na heocha ┐ congaib in carbad yoke, ZCP viii 539.31 . cunnaim in t-eir[e si] . . . dim, Grail 4279 . braon meala . . . / cuinneobhaidh lúbtha taobh feadha, Aithd. D. 4.9 . gor chonnmhadair combáigh (: bhformadaigh) `preserved their union', O'Hara 1656 . congbhais a c[h]raīsech re C. plied C. continuously with his spear, ML² 279 . docunnaibh S. an leoman . . . ar cois `held . . . by the . . . paw', ZCP vi 293.24 . é ré calaidh ná congaibh don't keep him waiting, DDána 58.15 . cionnus congbhaidhther iodhbairt = is continued and preserved, RSClára 135b . roscongaibh an chormaim (i.e. he did not vomit), Hugh Roe² 24.4 . connaim-si ort noco n-impaidim isin Ḟraingc be patient, Fier. 16 . na conaim ar th'fual = non teneas minctum, Reg. San. 29.20 . cuingdís .i. do chongbhaidís, O'Cl.

In SR 3 s. with inf. pron. appar. as quasi-cheville (cf. gaibid): cethri primgaetha cotṅgaib / cethri fogaetha feochrai there are (?) 4 principal winds, SR 47 . ri rosfossaig cotangeib / nassossaid 'monprimchathraig, 429 . cenmothat sain cotaigaib / fail innim do fochraicaib, 521 . 621 . 2963 . 3223 . retha gaissi canar lib / cotibgaib cen baisse blad be ye free of any imputation of foolishness(?), 7834 . cid cotasgaib na sectrind what are?(?), 7924 . ? Cf. cotgaib ar méit muinenchor, LU 7408 (BDD). coig cet bliadan cotangeib, BB 403a45 = fodogaib `it covers', Metr. Dinds. iv 146.5 .

(b) founds, sets up an establishment, settles (freq. of monasteries, churches, etc.): nach congbail congaibid wherever you settle, Trip.² 812 . conaccaib Domnac[h] Mór Maigi Eni, 1690 . it hé conáccubsat [i] túus i C. established themselves, 998 . congab . . . indomnach f. `he set up', Thes. ii 242.1 . congebat ceall ┐ muintir annsin `will establish', RC xiv 60 - 62 (§ 75) . congeib in t-aingiol án / forsan muir-si thíar `made occupation Arch. Hib. iv 206 § 12 .

congbáil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. congbáil or dil.ie/12155
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: -máil, cunnmáil

n (-ál ā, f.) vn. of con-gaib. Also -máil, cunnmáil. c.¤ , IGT Verbs § 68 .

(a) act of containing, keeping in; keeping, holding, maintaining, sustaining, entertaining (in later lang. in uses similar to those of Engl. keep): cid ansa don curp . . . a congbal `to contain itself', Mon. Tall. 149.23 . cethri clair . . . / o[c] coṅgbáil na sanctare surrounding, SR 4257 . ri coṅgbáil catha for doing battle, LL 32499 ( TTr. 1686 ). clechtach im ch.¤ `skilful in defence', Metr. Dinds. iii 74.94 . congbail in cadusa `preserve', CCath. 803 . cath . . . aga cunnmail ina agaid, ZCP vi 44.4 . dessid . . . i congbail in tige `keeping the house', PH 1314 . ar chongbail na haithne, 7413 . gur theannobair do leabhruibh an bheatha a ccongbhāil, Celtica i 96.253 viz. quae fecit Jesus, John xxi 25 . ydoripis o chongbail an fuail, Reg. San. 23.y . tegh aidheadh coitcenn do c.¤ , AFM iii 264.3 . nar bhéidir don bhás a chungmháil, Acts ii 24 . mo galar do chonnmhail to check, Laud 610, 23c cited Plummer MS. notes. ? Cf. uilideacht congmála, O'Gr. Cat. 241.4 (of diseases). an tarbha puiplidhi do ch.¤ suass, Fl. Earls 92.17 . do chongbháil na caibidli sin = to hold the said Chapter, RSClára 99a . fer cúisi do chongbail gl. causidicus, Ir. Gl. 434 . With ó: a congmail doib o lanamnas, Mon. Tall. 146.1 . da ccōnmhail o brisdedh do ghabháil (in battle), Rel. Celt. ii 188.2 . iad fén do chongbháil . . . ón uile chaithemh aimsire = abstaine from, RSClára 116b . In more concrete sense: anté dorindi in connmhāil sin who grasped it thus. ZCP xiii 180.18 . meabais a cercaill ┐ a congbala 'na timchill bands, viii 538.26 . amail no biad cin congmail fair as if there was nothing to hold it, Grail 163 . Hence in calque on syllaba: congbail .i. silledh nach son aon congbalach, O'Dav. 381 , leg. sillab, dechon . See trechongbálach.

With follg. qual. gen. fer congbala cind capaill dar fethi (i.e. survivor), Cog. 72.10 . Of warriors etc. cú congbhála cáich, ML 86.6 . post congmhala dámh ┐ deóradh, AFM vi 1908.7 . fear congmála cuinge crábuid do Críst (of priest), Ériu ii 82.11 . flaith congbāla co slōgaib dianechtair a prince maintained by foreign forces, ZCP xi 97 § 61 . T. B. cona cethern congbala ` mercenaries ', Ann. Conn. 1367.7 . trí ceardchadha congmhála / do dhreamuibh dile re dán, Ir. Review 1913, 594 § 8 .

In phr. for (ar) c.¤ preserved, available : ata ar congbail agoinn, Leb. Gab.(i) 126 n. 2 . ansa Íosa . . . / ar congbháil i gcridhe Eoin, Arch. Hib. i 99 § xvi . ar congbháil ag Dia kept, TSh. 2783 .

(b) In legal and quasi-legal contexts, right to free quarters, billeting, maintenance, entertainment (cf. coinnmed): cis lir congbala ... congbail rig ┐ tuaithe ┐ senaid, CIH iii 890.1. bíathad congbálae fri sochraiti tuaithe 'providing food for a billeting for allies of the kingdom', CB 30 § 22 . tir . . . cen chis, cen congabail `without rent, without seizure', Cymmr. xiv 118.18 . leth norba an athar dia íngin iar ndibadh, cen sloiged, cen cis, cen congbail , Laws iv 46.20 Comm. gl. cert orba mboairech, 44.9 . c.¤ bliadhna co dá cet / . . . / ar do cleircibh, BNnÉ 288.13 . congbháil buannachta `free quarters', Keat. iii 2917 . connmail mar in connmail do rad dúinn `entertainment', Oss. v 108.6 . Note also: T. Ó M. do dhul ar congmháil hi ccúicceadh Uladh `on military service', AFM iv 814.1 (see n.).

(c) (monastic) foundation; habitation; establishment: ba samlaid . . . no fothaiged-som na congbala, Trip.² 2808 . nabad mor a congbail i talmain, 829 .i. eclais, ACL iii 18.32 . a conāch ┐ a crīch ┐ a coṅgbāil hi ferund `their landed estates', Fianaig. 78.16 . a cobsaidi, a coṅgbála `her stability, her establishment', Ériu iv 148.26 . congbail .i. áras no baile, O'Cl. Cf. coṅgbáil Dísirt Diarmata `the foundation of D. D.', Ann. Inisf. 122 § 812 . ? Fig. an fer batar congbhala / legios do chorpaib . . . `whose attributes were . . .', Blathm. 42 .

For congraimm in: congmail .i. écosc ut est T.E.: congmail ríghna leó, Ériu xiii 66.66 = congraim, ZCP iii 236.w .

congbálach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. congbálach or dil.ie/12156

 

adj o, ā ( congbáil ) holding, keeping, tenacious : cairthi cruaid congbalach supporting , Ériu viii 32.3 . maille láim deis connmálaig = dextreque tenasis, O'Gr. Cat. 238.y . cédfadh c.¤ retentive , 243.38 . daingean i cCriosd, ┐ congmhalach ar a dhligheadh, Luc. Fid. 5816 . See dé-chongbálach, trechongbálach.

Cf. in focul oenchongbhalach dechongbalach trechonngbalach `containing one, two, and three syllables', Auraic. 934 (see Gloss.).

congbálaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. congbálaid or dil.ie/12157

 

n [i, m.] ( congbáil ): keeper, upholder, maintainer : congbālaidh scēith, Ériu xvii 28 § 50 . congmhalaigh coitchenn tighe naoídhedh, AFM v 1518.9 . D. . . . congmhalaigh creidmhe . . . Leithi Modha, ALC i 356.16 .

congnam

Cite this: eDIL s.v. congnam or dil.ie/12172

 

Forms: -ama, conganta, cungnamh, congnamh, cumnam, cumnad, cunnamhain, comnadh, congnomad, chuganta, comhanta, congnomha

[u,] m. g s. -ama, conganta. Vn. of con-gní. cungnamh, congnamh m., IGT Decl. § 47 . Verbs § 44 . Also cumnam, cumnad. cunnamhain, O'Curry 956 ( H 3.18, 413a ). See also s. congbáil and 2 cunnamain. comnadh, ZCP vi 48.3 . congnomad, MR 296.3 . g s. chuganta, MR 80.17 . comhanta, TD 16.49 . d s. congnomha (: Mogha), Caithr. Thoirdh. 50.19 . act of helping, aiding, assisting; help, aid : cungnum oc indill each . . . iasacht cungnuma do baethaib, Laws v 490.1 . coimthecht coṅgnam caín (rhet.), LL 14372 . cunum béil ┐ láimhe help in word and deed, Hy Maine 161.4 . na conganta budh cáir dhamh, IGT Decl. ex. 1278 . cabair na cughnómad, MR 238.16 . áireamh do ríoghradh / nach congnamh a mbeith líonmhar `their numerousness avails you not', Content. v 126 . ar chleith cunga (sic) eturra `all help being denied him', Caithr. Thoirdh. 129.21 . Gramm. of mutations in case of words beg. with vowels: trí conganta na nguthaidhe ó chonnsuinibh (t, n, h), IGT Introd. § 18 .

With prepp. do chongnum ┐ do chobair dóibh, TTr.² 1687 . do cunnadh do Sir B., ZCP vi 296.11 . do chuṅgnam frimm anmain, Fél. Ep. 296 . adeochosa . . . inna husci do ch.¤ frim, LU 5513 (TBC). dogénsa congnom latt, LU 6088 n. ar chongnum leo `for helping them', RC xvii 406.20 (Tig.). congnamh liom fam leigin suas, DDána 26.32 . biaidh congnamh ardnaomh Éireann / ar shluagh . . . Ó gC. help against, 95.21 . cuiridh-si cumnadh aran cathraigh do gach taebh di `put auxiliaries round the city', Stair Erc. 2133 . naoi fichit ponnta . . . hi ccongnamh as a help, Hugh Roe² 188.8 .

Attrib. g s. a n-aés conganta helpers, AFM vi 2270.1 . dochuir fios ar a cairdibh conganta, BNnÉ 168 § 4 . 'n-a fhior chonganta, DDána 104.5 . do rinn ceardcha an chungnuma (a leader), IGT Verbs ex. 399 .

cosc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cosc or dil.ie/12582
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: coisg, cosg, casg, choisge

o, n. vn. of con-secha. n s. coisg (leg. cosg?), Content. xxiv 20 . cosg casg m., IGT Decl. § 96 . Verbs § 75 . g s. choisge, IGT Decl. ex. 1216 .

(a) act of reproving, admonishing, correcting; reproof, correction. Also in sense of physically punishing, chastising; punishment, chastisement (see Bergin, Ériu xvii 1 - 3 ): c.¤ a coasc, Corm. Y 255 . cusc .i. tecosc, Lec. Gl. 58 . coscc tegusg tenn, Metr. Gl. D. 33 . c.¤ .i. tegosc, Lec. Gl. 31 . O'Cl. cotob sechfider dichosscc gl. in uirga ueniam ad uos, Wb. 9a23 (see Ériu xvii 1 - 3 , Stud. Celt. ii 91 ). diar c.¤-ni gl. ad correptionem nostram, 11a31 . doch.¤ cáich gl. quid igitur lex? Propter transgressiones possita est, 19c9 . isc.¤ et cuindrech forcechtarde gl. quanto tempore heres paruulus est, nihil defert a seruo, 19c21 . c.¤ innamban, 22c10 . na bad naimtide ac.¤ gl. nolite quasi inimicum existimare, 26b28 . trech.¤ conacarbi cenchinta gl. nolite ad indignationem prouocare filios, 27c6 (see Ériu xvii 2 ). c.¤ innacoimded gl. domini, quos iustum est . . . seruis praestáte, 27c16 . c.¤ innammoge inso sis gl. serui . . . arbitrentur, 29b1 . tre ch.¤ , 31c4 . ní dodígail forfírianu . . . acht is doch.¤ cintach gl. iusto non est lex possita sed iniustis, 28a3 . nád deni ní arach. gl. delinquit, 31d12 . ? dumchoscaibse gl. meis nutibus, Ml. 41d11 ( duinchoscaibse, ( Thes. i 113 n. b) MS. ? Leg. du-m-inchoscaib-se, Celtica xix 178 ). honch. gl. correptione, 51b17 . honaib coscaib innangalar gl. moderatís castigationibus, 111b26 `by the chastisements consisting of the diseases', Ériu xvii 2 . See also Wb. 5a16 , 9a19 , 20d6 , Ml. 111c3 . dognith do tromch.¤ `who was severely chastised', Blathm. 48 and n. cena c.¤ `without correcting himself', Mon. Tall. 128.3 . mo ch.¤ do cach óen / scarad fri peccad advice, LU 9480 . gearait (.i. eolach) do c.¤ (.i. tegusc) fand (.i. aineolach), ZCP v 486 § 6 (B. na f.). do ghene a cc.¤ `he punished them', Blathm. 96 § 21 . oc c.¤ inna mban, LU 8422 ( FB 29 ). bat cumnech coisc ót senaib, 3491 ( SCC 26 ). cuin as tūalaing coisc ala n-aile? `capable of correcting others', Celtica viii 68.91 ( ZCP iii 451.26 ). ní cara cách cosg a baise, H 3.18, 36.13 . olc in c.¤ cinad `the wicked advice', Ériu iii 148 § 2 . meic cen casc, Lism. L. 4664 . gabhaim do chosg ar mo chuing `I take on myself to punish you', Content. xxvii 11 . c.¤ lobair .i. elenn for in fid in ogaim `corrective of a sick man', Auraic. 5660 (medicine?).

(b) act of hindering, preventing; staunching (of wounds), etc.; remedy, cure : do ch.¤ na fola, Metr. Dinds. iii 344.77 . c.¤ fogla, Cog. 54.9 . dobéraimne robhar ítadh . . . nemfhogbail dige día cusc doib to quench it (i.e. thirst), RC xii 90 § 111 (see deoch coisc below). do chosg bróin `thy sorrow's cure' (of son), Bard. P. 36.§ 8 . ó Mhuire tuccadh a coscc / rop slán cech rosc [i]ma téit `healing', Moling 37 . cosg fiabhrasa `cure of fever', Bard. P. 25.12 . forfhemdhetar a ch.¤ oc bendachtain, LB 123a4 . As legal remedy : ar ni inun cosc sair ┐ dair ┐ leth[ṡ]air 'for the remedy for noble and base and half-noble is not the same', Mar. Dis. 30 § 7 . Some exx. for attrib. g s. belong here; see below.

(c) Attrib. g s.: bean for a fuirmither ainim coisc blemish caused by (physical) punishment, Laws v 292.21 .i. ac a c.¤ co indligthech (i.e. by her husband), 294.18 Comm. cáin chuisc 'the rule of healing', Mar. Dis. 69 (cf. Bechbretha 52 § 6 ). bid crann cuisc Temra a rod to rule T., Lism. L. 2809 . riagail na dighe cuisg 'the rule of the healing drink', Mar. Dis. 69 (cf. Bechbretha 52 § 6b ). gabail cuisc do fer freptha fris imbi c.¤ , Laws i 268. 7 - 8 .i. ag (leg. an) erid bes ag congbail na dighi cuisc fris in fer bis isin freptaidh, 300.25 - 26 Comm. muighi do digh coiscc, BNnÉ 315 § 11 . fan digh cuisg, IGT Decl. ex. 1039 . fuarabair dig cuisc tonnaid, TFerbe 600 . domna coisc 'enough for a cure', CIH i 177.18 , Mar. Dis. 70 . a chomarlid. a ḟer cuisc instructor, LL 31569 (TTr.). fer a choisc a man capable of checking him, ZCP vi 29.32 . suí coisc cach suí, LL 24282 `every sage is a corrective sage', RC xxvi 17 .

(d) With follg. prepp.: gniom a laime do c.¤ diob to prevent them from . . . , TBC St. 3799 . ba c.¤ fairrgi do tractaib ┐ ba c.¤ gaithi fri fudbaid holding back the sea (in list of impossible tasks), BB 411a52 . d'eagla choisg na n-aeiged d'fín, IGT Verbs ex. 677 . sás na n-ainmhianach do chosg dá gcoirthibh, TSh. 6828 . casg aga ar gach anduine control, O'R. Poems 22 . c.¤ . . . on oite for in dalta, Laws ii 348.21 Comm. iad féin do chosg . . . ó bhréithribh, Párl. na mB. 1248 . Note also: a ccosg do chum coimhthechta = exhort them to, RSClára 95a . In phr. do-beir (cuirid) c.¤ for: nírbuch.¤ coir dorratsat forru són gl. correptionis, Ml. 113d7 . c.¤ mbec doberr forsna pecthachu, 51b23 (see Ériu xvii 2 ). c.¤ do tabairt ar chuislennaib na maighdine, Grail 3497 . do bheir an chranncair air imreasanaibh cosg = causeth to cease, Proverbs xviii 18 . ar bhar gcailg ó nach cuiream cosg, Content. ix 11 . cosg do chor ar amharc ainmhianach a shúl, TSh. 7252 .

cothad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cothad or dil.ie/12668

 

Forms: cothugad, cothachadh, Conchothaigh

o, more freq. cothugad, vn. of cothaigid. cothachadh, IGT Verbs § 106 (245.3) .

(a) act of supporting, maintaining, preserving : cothud .i. cōemna unde est . . . foreim chot[h]aid .i. foreim cōemna . . . Maol cothaid .i. Māel cōemna, Corm. Y 303 . im indeōin cothaigthe, ZCP viii 112.18 . ri cothugud na caimmi . . . isna claraib to maintain the curve in the planks, LL 30947 ( TTr. 129 ). a ḟer cuisc ┐ cothaigthi, 31570 ( 756 ). ac cotugud na hairce, BB 245b28 . a aen-c.¤ (cothuccudh, v.l.) in tre-tighi `only sustainer', Ir. Lit. 4.4 . c.¤ neirt, ML² 113 . m'óghacht . . . do cothugad, BCC 50.10 . cothughadh, cosnadh, Eg. Gl. 137 . in creidium do chothughadh, ITS xix 70.5 . d'á chothughadh air gur mhaith an gnás an tAifrionn maintaining against him, Eochairsg. 22.32 . ag cothúghadh a bríghe lé luath-iomramh na leastar keeping up its strength (of the sea), ML 46.14 . clár cothuighthi ┐ congmhala bh-fear n-Eirionn, Oss. v 16.11 .

Freq. of battles, etc. ? crith ri cách cothugud (in descr. of Hector), LL 32370 (untransl. TTr. 1560 ). immad cach threlaim . . . bad chothugud ri coṅgbáil catha, 32499 `would be helpful', TTr. 1696 . in cot[h]ughadh ┐ in fossughadh `the supporting', CCath. 5799 . do chothugha in chatha, Celtica i 116.121 . a[c] cur na cath asa cathlaithrechaib ┐ ag a clod asa cothaig[th]ib `positions', Ériu viii 38.24 . ag c.¤ ar a cind is in cathgleo sin `pressing on the combat', MR 262.17 . resin tuarcain . . . ┐ resin cothucud . . . da ronatar `pressure', Cog. 192.8 . cothugad ┐ commaídem écht, ML² 1540 . an uair do-chí in cothachadh `opposition' (in battle), Aithd. D. 20.12 . ag cothughadh re curadhaibh contending, Eachtra Uill. 3039 (cf. cathugud?).

(b) act of sustaining, feeding; food: c.¤ na n-indile, Laws i 42.5 Comm. ag so corp dá chothachadh, Ériu xix 98 § 16 . oidhigh do chothughadh, Rial. S.F. 1811 . misi as biadh, as cothughadh, Desid. 6577 . siád mo dheora mo chothugha lǽthuil, RC xiv 154.4 . eagla mo choda cothuighthe do chailleamh livelihood , Desid. 4404 .

In n. pr. mors Conchothaigh , AU i 212.w . See Corm. Y 303 above.

1 cúairt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cúairt or dil.ie/13327
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: cōirt-, -rd

n [i], m., later f. Arch. cōirt-, see compds. c.¤ , -rd, f., IGT Decl. § 42 .

I

(a) circle, ring; circuit, circumference: ánus cuáirt `a circle', Sg. 59b13 . in chuartai frithsuidighthi gl. oppossitique orbes, Ml. 39c12 . dun chuairt gl. giro, 84a9 . a chuaird corcorgemmach its circlet of crimson gems (a brooch), LU 7400 ( BDD 100 ). cuaird (cuairde v.l.) bec . . . amal circáill ḟeta (necklet worn by Morann), IT iii 190 § 15 . cuaird uilche aos na fer midba, O'D. 1952 (Cod. Clarend. vol. 15, f. 7, p. 2 col. b) (see compds.). fochress cach cúaird immalaile etc. arranged themselves in concentric circles, LU 7060 ( BDD 72 ). Cf. cuaird .i. buidhin ┐ is buidhen ar chath sunn . . . .uii. chuarda . . . ┐ .7. nimdha, etc. (= FB 55 ) ┐ isíat na .7. cuárda .i. .7. catha Ulad taken to mean troop, battalion , H 3.18, 608b5 , 7 , 8 ( O'Curry 1324 ). do ḟiannaib Erenn, cach cuaird im araili im Temraig `each (band) encircling the other around T.,' Ériu xii 182 § 13 (TE2). tanic Fiac ┐ a chuairt leis `circuit' (sc. the poets or druids on F.'s c.), Thes. ii 307.15 .

(b) circuit, globe (of heaven, earth); area, territory, district; inner space, enclosure: no línfed . . . in n-ule cuaird in talman gl. omnem terram, Ml. 25a8 , 11 . rígi inna huili cuarta, Trip.² 2106 `of the whole globe', Trip. 180.8 . cuairt ind richidh co noi ngradaib aingel `the circuit of the celestial vault', Ériu ii 106 § 17 . dá arrig dec . . . / cach for a chuaird . . . / for dá thuaith dec Israhél district (?), SR 7011 . caille comhfhada / cladh na cúarta-sa `circuit' (enclosure or district (?), cf. crioch, 4), BS 98.10 . cru tire do telluch .i. cuairt in tíre .i. guirtt .i. cro .i. ime, O'D. 415 ( H 3.17, 317 ), cf. Laws iv 20.5 . uii. cúarda . . . ┐ uii. n-imdada o thein co fraig circular compartments (?), LU 8730 ( FB 55 ). for cuairt an rígh .i. istigh i mbi an Rí (under heading dámh cháe na ngradh ffileadh), Ériu xiii 52.10 . See midchuairt. cuairt .i. crich . . . ma rofiastar a ratha a mignima in-óen chuairt urraduis .i. i n-aon crich urraduis sin `in one circle of urradas (the customary law of freemen)', O'Dav. 503 . iter da cuairt ingelta ro marbad é (a dead beast), O'Curry 2102 (H. 4.22, 76a). See comaithches, comingaire, comingelt, ingelt .

(c) circuit; a turn around, revolution : cuaird cech laithe a daily circuit (of horse-races), LL 25101 . en cuairt o oirrcir co hiartar an domain revolution, course (of moon), Ir. Astr. Tr. 108.22 . ? do chuir sé c.¤ air ághaidh a naigéin = he set a compass upon the face of the deep, Proverbs viii 27 (1827). Hence of a recurring event, turn : in cuairt muilinn, Ériu xvii 64 § 1 n. 4 `the circuit (`rotation') of the mill', see 62 , 63 . tossach cuarta in so doridisi, 76.5 . timchelsat teora cúarda cech ḟir díb ir-ríge .i. lxiii. (of 3 kings who held sovereignty in turn for a septennium), Dinds. 161 . conom thí de chind chúarda till it is my turn, LU 6699 (TBC). in tan rosiacht do Chua . . . c.¤ a cometa `his turn of guarding', Dinds. 157 . táinic naí cuarta fó[n] cath attacked the host nine times, CF² 1111 .

(d) circuit, tour, visitation, journey and related meanings: a cuardaib ane .i. a caí uird inna fíraí .i. inna fíréicsi poetic visitations, LL 24320 (see RC xxvi 18 § 25 ). for chuartaib cloth, Ériu xiii 38.15 . ni far cuairt parche do-coid `diocesan visitation', Wb. 21a12 . ɔral c.¤ fuirib-si gl. praeter[i]ens uideam uos, 7a4 . do dechaidh . . . / du cuaird is naibh hifernoibh `went . . . on a visit to Hell' (of Christ). Blathm. 696 . Felix fuair cuairt (cuaird, v.l.) céoldai `sojourn', Fél. Jan. 22 . rolá P. cuairt Lagen = migravit . . . ad fines L., Lat. Lives 61 § 53 . D. comarba Patraic for cuairt Muman, AU i 486.11 . mac in chléirig ar in cuairt `let the cleric's son go on the circuit', Ériu ix 49 § 29 . congbail tsenad na hEclaisi oc cuingid cuarda `visitation', Laws i 158.18 Comm. dia ndeochaid . . . ar cuaird ardrīg i nInis Bretan, Corp. Gen. 132.19 . tinoilis H. . . . slog mor . . . amal tísad for cuairt rig, PH 844 . cuaird Erend do chur co n-acamar a ndingnu, etc., Anecd. i 9.26 ( SCano 293 ). dochoid side (sc. a poet or druid) for cuairt i Connachtaib, Thes. ii 307.14 . cuirit . . . inn ēgis mórchúairt Hērenn ┐ Alban dia fochmurc the poets make the great tour of Scotland and Ireland to seek it (sc. the Táin), ACL iii 3.25 . dā mbeirt[h]ea dán lat bothúaid / . . . / nī budh lúgha let ale / nās ō chūairt Érenn uile, ZCP viii 109 § 9 . luidh-siumh (the young Molling) . . . do c.¤ na Lúachra wandered about L., RC xxvii 268 § 15 . ropo chūaird `a visit' (of a battle), Arch. Hib. ii 63 § 65 . mithigh cuairt a gceann Fhiacha it is time to visit F. (a patron), LBranach 2181 . logh an chuairt-se do-chuamar the visit I paid (to a patron) was payment, DDána 67.49 . taispenad a cuarta (.i. a n-imdeachta) `their journeys', Auraic. 193 . Of reconnoitring, etc.: luid Conall ┐ Bricriu du chur cúarta to search (for shelter for the night), LU 10579 ( Comp. CC 3 ). dolá F. cūairt co tarrla docum tighi, ZCP v 501.12 . gin a cuairt do cur without making a tour (of inspection) of it (a green), Laws iv 196.6 Comm.

(e) With following descriptive gen.: cuairt buadha `a triumphant visit', Ériu iv 112 § 1 . dia cuairt cairte .i. cuairt flathamnais, O'Curry 480 ( H 3.18, 250 ). a c[h]uairt certaigthe = his Visit iuridicall, RSClára 130b . ar cuairt chrábaid, SG 39.25 . dolluid . . . do chūairt ectra la Ulto `went upon a round of adventures in U.', Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 4 § 3 . cuaird erlama `the visitation of a patron saint', Laws v 450.8 Comm. gl. sen-dliged, 4 . for cuairt gemridh a farrud rígh Osraigi (of a fili), Ériu xi 47.4 . O'D. 952 ( H 3.17, 666 ). níor mhian leis an lá do mhair / gan chuaird ollaimh 'n-a ḟochair (in elegy for prince and his ollamh), DDána 73.21 . cuaird retha canait / cínticha clíí (a division of poetry), IT iii 31.18 . is amlaid ro chiṅged ri Temrach for a chuairt rigi, RC xxiv 176.25 . lodsamar ar cuaird selgga `went on a hunting round', vii 304.1 . luidh-sen . . . do chuairt teglaig co a tiagherna, Anecd. ii 42 § 2 . See s.v. amsaine , cáe, cenél, rígdomnacht , 1 selg, scís.

(f) What is levied, or requested on a c.¤ , tribute, dues, claim (otherwise Contribb. 544 ): cuairt fer Midhe etir chill ┐ tuáith `visitation of, etc.' (i.e. collection of tribute from them), RC xvii 345.3 (Tig.). Moling . . . / dligidh cuarta ┐ cealla, Anecd. ii 23 § 14 . rocind . . . cūairt do-som uáid fēin a tribute was fixed for him from, etc., BColm. 88.10 . tabrat a cuart dom catraig `tribute' (claimed by ecclesiastic), Fen. 80.16 . co ttucc a lán chuairt etir screpall, ┐ edbarta `a full visitation tribute', AFM ii 894.17 .

(g) As attrib. and descr. gen.: i n-a cēidi c[h]uarta, ML² 1133 . mur ollamh cuarta . . . / na mes misi a mic Siobháin do not look upon me as a poet on a round of visitation, ZCP ii 348.18 . Note also: Fergus file . . . esgra márchuarta, Ériu xiii 30.14 . ar ḟior gcuarta visitor or guest, DDána 110. 21 .

(h) In legal contexts: ordaib neimid nuither cuardaib, Laws iii 26.6 .i. ordaithter . . . iar cae uird . . . cidbe cuaird i mbe `circle', 12 Comm. ni cuirithur cuaird for gablu fine `the succession shall not devolve upon, etc.' (of property), 78.20 . cuairt .i. tiumarguin . . . airbert i cuairt cach slan `restraint', O'Dav. 405 . ? cuairt saigeas a comnaidm la fear foirgeall fiadnaise, Laws iv 8.24 .

II In adv. and prep. phrases. Preceded by imm (fa) + an ( GOI 517 , 1 imm ) imma(c)cúairt round about, around ; im na insi immacuairdd (ma over line, note), Ml. 89d18 . forda-rubai . . . F. imma cúaird strikes them all around (?), MU² 1017 . secht n-imdai ó thein co fraig . . . imme cúaird, Fraech 66 . im chomm, Laws i 124.4 .i. ima cuairt, 134.3 Comm. is mar so gerrtur an crann sin fácuairt co gar do talam `round about near the earth', Maund. 160 . atá folach i sléib Fuait / do chuirfedh Eirinn má cuairt `set . . . on the move', SG 180.y (Acall.). a himpod ima cuairt `to whirl it (the discus) round', TTebe 2471 . ben fuil astu . . . fo guairt (maguairt, v.l.) le tingin `extract the blood all round' (from warts), Rosa Angl. 206.5 . imthighios fá gcuáirt = that goeth about, Proverbs xx 19 . Note: áonrotha . . . ┐ sé ima ccuairt = so compassed, RSClára 92b (appar. the Engl. (= contrived etc.) was misunderstood, Gloss.). With follg. IMM, etc.: fuslegar de immandelg immecuáirt `it (butter) is smeared all round the thorn' (in charm), Thes. ii 248.7 (Sg. Incant.). atacordat . . . imacúairt imon torad sin `roll about in the fruit', Ériu ii 192 § 3 . isiarsin dodechatar na fir immacuairt immi `then came the men all around him', RC iii 181.30 . tangas ma ccuairt orrtha `they were . . . surrounded, etc.', Rel. Celt. ii 202.37 . go mbeinn mágcuarda / idir na daoinibh duarca `should live with sullen men around', Ó Bruad. i 130.y . In phr.: don ch.¤ sea (aniugh, v.l.) on this occasion (lit. visit), at this time, Mer. Uil.² 149 . In prep. phr. i cuaird bethad brigadbuil `around the . . . world', Hib. Min. 39.5 . birt būaidh [n]-eaccna hi c.¤ Ēirenn all round (?) Ireland, ZCP viii 197.11 .

Compds. With nouns. cuart-anáir (: uachtaráin) Bhanbha `honour-circuit', Content. x 13 . inna cuairt roth `in its circle-wheel' (of particles of the host in the form of a cross), Thes. ii 255.4 (Stowe M.). See Plummer, KZ xxvii 445 . With ¤sel rotation, gyration, whirl (see Wortk. 47 , Celtica i 378-80 ): is cicul dūn ol in duine quasi dixisset is cuairdfell dun son, Corm. 10 cicul = cūairtfell, Corm. Y 264 . a gyrando on cuairtfell bis fuirre `circular flight' (of a goose), Corm. Tr. 88 gigrand. a coirib cuairdill `from whirlpools', Laws iii 422.11 Comm. a ro-domain, v 298.10 .i. caire cuairt-bill ┐ a murlochaib, 17 Comm. coirt-tobe gl. circumcissio, Wb. 23d24 (a prima manu). ¤ulchaige beard encirclement (the stage at which a boy becomes an adult) Críth G. 90 , ZCP xliv 167 . co cúairtulchaigi (-ulcaid MSS) lit. `encircling beardedness . . . or read c.¤ n-ulchaige ?' (Notes), Críth G. 67 , see p. 90 . With adj. delb chuairtchruind `shape of a round circle', Ériu ii 106 § 17 . ropo chúairddulchach , Críth G. 68 .

1 cumang

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cumang or dil.ie/13814
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: cumacc, cumoc, cumhag, cumhang

o (see GOI 448 ) vn. of con-icc. Also cumacc (ibid. 354 ), and later co-. cumoc, YBL 180a21 (= c.¤ , RC vi 175.54 ). d. pl. cumgaib, UR 36.11 . cumhag, cumhang m., IGT Decl. § 17 (71.19) . Verbs § 53 .

Power, ability, strength : cumhang .i. neart no cumhachta, O'Cl. iarsinchumung bess lib, Wb. 16c19 . asririusa moch.¤ darfar cenn gl. superimpendar ipse pro animabus uestris, 18a14 . ba hénirt ar c.¤ , Fél. Ep. 9 . nísmbói . . . do chumacc a mmbo do imain, Vita Br. 24 . bidh fann a c.¤ , ZCP viii 110.11 . co ructha a eich hi cumugg la C. were taken in charge, Trip.² 1665 . sáerthar lat in domnach cech c.¤ rotbé dó `with all your might', Ériu ii 204.12 . dollotar do imbert a cumaiṅg frisin slōg, TBC-I¹ 2195 . dobérmais ar cumaṅg ica thessarggain, LL 36680 . budh calma a c.¤ san / bud caol a[r] cumaing-ne, ZCP viii 207. 13 - 14 . a chumhang gidh cia do-bheir / do-gheibh Dia ar ubhall nó ar uibh whoever gives what he can, DDána 42.36 = IGT Verbs ex. 466 . ic techt i ngábudh dar cend cumaing in a superhuman effort (?), TTr.² 1367 = ZCP xxx 69.1367 . ni ragar neach tara c.¤ `no one is fined beyond his power', Laws v 466.23 . ? issedh mesraigus breithem a cumach (sic) do gill do cach, iv 36.21 Comm. nad inarban iar fis, focumac `having power to do so', iii 8.z .i. fo c.¤ iar mbeth a fesa aice, 10.8 Comm. ní ba sindadh nó aoradh fogniset, acht(?) gut prut fo comung, H 3.18, 755.1 . don ch.¤ conicc `to the extent of his power', Ériu iii 106.1 . co cumunc cecha mnā chena `with whatever every other woman is able to give', Cáin Ad. 23 .

Attrib. g s. fer comaic móir, LU 7578 (BDD). co clú chumaiṅg Delga osin dind, LL 16748 . ba cemmend cumaiṅg, LL 746 = comaind, BB 28b40 . With follg. obj. gen.: gan c.¤ treabhtha, BNnÉ 294.16 . L. . . . ina cc.¤ catha `in battle array', Cog. 214.w . ni linne acumacc `we have no power over her', RC iii 346.8 . cumhang molta mhóir `the power to praise', Dán Dé xxix 27 .

In various constructions with copula and subst. vb.: ma beid hibar cumung gl. si potest fieri quod ex uobis est, Wb. 5d32 . ni fuil i c.¤ . . . do duine it is not in man's power, Laud 610, 12b cited Plummer MS. notes = i comand, PH 97 . cona baoi ina cc.¤ soadh for cúlaibh, Hugh Roe² 156.3 . ni bái c.¤ la M. dó, BNnÉ 294.17 . atá dhá cheird ar mo chumhang I am master of two trades, Bard. P. 17.31 . nímbái c.¤ cena I . . . was unable, Imr. Brain ii 291.1 . dober índi iscumung do / bó, IT iii 18.20 . ro thionóil sidhe ina mbaoí ina cumhang `all the forces under his command', AFM vi 1876.1 . níta cumacc do cháingním `it is not able to do well', Wb. 4a6 . nim thā cumac día aisnéis, LU 9234 . níp thá cumac dó, 1471 (MU). ní bái a c.¤ dó, BNnÉ 10.16 . ? nir chumhang air .i. nir bhó chumhachtach é, O'Cl. ? is trúag mo chumaṅg -sa rib, TFerbe 607 . ní fil c.¤ i n-a n-anmannaib ocaind, PH 2055 . ? Predic. g s. in mheit as cumhuing leo do freasdul, Marco P. 36 . ní chumuing la Caracorum bar congbail `it is not possible for C. to contain you', 28 . ós tú an rí as cumhaing dá clódh `able to control her', Aithd. D. 81.10 . ? Hence adv.: in t-í dogéna cech maith co cumaing, PH 8089 .

Gramm. function, force : innandobriathar asanairberar cumaṅg ainmmde `a nominal force', Sg. 39a26 . cumaṅg nominisuerbi `power', 148b5 . caite deochair eter a c.¤ ┐ a nert? A c.¤ . . . Intan gabaid guth a n-ænur (of letters), Auraic. 965 - 6 . lanchumang i fedaibh, ┐ c.¤ a forfedaibh, ┐ egumang a muitibh, 1209 . dobeir c.¤ fedha forin son, 436 . c.¤ i forfedaib, 5456 .

cumgabál

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cumgabál or dil.ie/13832

 

Forms: chumgabal

ā, f. vn. of con-ocaib ( GOI 525 ). act of raising up, lifting, exalting; rising : dethiden dinaib bochtaib no ac.¤ `uplifting them', Ml. 129c3 . chumgabal filiorum israhel , 94c2 . in ch.¤ gl. exaltatio, 57d4 . tria chumgabail ┐ tria molad doib som `through his being extolled', 39d22 . c.¤ lám ón gl. leuabo manus, 79d5 . 138a1a . 2 . cumachtae ṅDé dom chumgabāil, Thes. ii 356.7 . is cumgabáil ordan, Fél. Ep. 208 . co cúala c.¤ in locha i n-airddi, LU 9098 ( FB 85 ). ma co feirc im (leg. in, Ed.) chumgabal (of voice), Ériu vii 170.4 . ērge .i. comgabāil, Corm. Y 520 . comgabhail ind nimhe don talmain, Anecd. ii 15.11 . ros-gab in gaim cumgabáil `winter has begun to raise it' (wave), Lament 15 . cros cloichi . . . do cumgabail is in aeor `was taken up into the air', Todd Nenn. 214.2 = CS 150.5 . is ann ata cúmgabail fodecht-sa do'n choimdid, PH 3498 . ? mongur na curad ac comghabail a bḟedhmann catha `upheaving their efforts of battle', Marco P. 61 (perh. com + gabál). ? iar ccomgabail sunn sedal / do Partholán `after he spent a while(?) there', Leb. Gab.(i) 62.9 (com + gabál?). tige na troch . . . ic comgabail a cheli `keeping back', MR 316.25 (for congbáil ).

2 cunnamain

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 cunnamain or dil.ie/13942

 

n In class. verse in meaning of congbáil . Exx. from Laws may belong to cundoman, if in fact this is a separate word. c.¤ connamhain f., IGT Decl. § 10 . act of retaining, maintaining : a c.¤ gha thig `kept at his house', Laws iii 156.1 Comm. cuicthi fri condamhain, O'Curry 785 ( H 3.18, 367a ). re cundamna na set do berar an éiric foghla hic.¤ Cúicthe fri cunnamna coir, . . . cúicthe fri cundamna . . . cúicthe fri c.¤ , O'D. 574 - 5 ( H 3.17, 443 ). srian as cáir da connamhain `should restrain her', Aithd. D. 81.2 . Donnchadh mór isin Mumain / ac Dál Chais ga chunnumhain, IGT Decl. ex. 327 . crodh do chonnamhain a chruidh, ex. 326 .

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