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Cite this: eDIL s.v. abratchor or


n o, [m.] (abra + cor ) eyelash: find huile itir folt ┐ abrotchor ┐ ulchai, TBC-I¹ 3294 = abratchur, LL 11953 ( TBC-LL¹ 5349 ). imdenam súla saire / abratchair duba daile, LU 3821 ( SCC § 37 ). With metathesis: abrochtur ┐ malu, Auraic. 1813 ( abrachtur, 3257 ; abratchor, 4999 ).

1 acht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 acht or
Last Revised: 2019


(freq. act in O. Ir. glosses). See GOI § 908 . Later ach.

I As prep. with accus. (see Ériu xvii 79 , ZCP xxv 237 , Ériu lx 137-42 )

(a) save, except (lit. outside, Thurn.): cách act tiamthe `every one save Timothy', Wb. 23d5 . bacc de echaib a.¤ serrchu, Laws ii 118.9 . a.¤ cuit naige fine, iv 194.26 . roslechtsat do Patric a.¤ cóicḟir all except five bowed to P., Trip.² 1652 . fiche a.¤ sé bliadna i.e. 14 years, LL 15069 . ar di-legad síl Dubthaig Daīl ... acht claind Moathaire 'for [all] the descendants of Dubthach the Beetle were destroyed ... except for the kindred of Mothaire', Aided Echach 96 §4 (g) (h) . di-legath síl Dubthig Dōeltengath and act cethra conchuiriu, Aided Echach 94 § 1​ . achd ré n-aithrighe d'fhagháil save that there was time for repentance, DDána 64.9 .

(b) More freq. after neg. vb. as in: act aní ropridchussa dúib (nothing) save gl. nihil . . . sapietis, Wb. 20b4 . nand asse díchenglad cor mbél . . . inge (acht, MS) nóe curu it is not proper to dissolve contracts . . . except for nine contracts . . . Ériu xvii 66 §§ 4 , 5 .

(c) Hence in sense of Engl. only, merely , etc. (cf. Fr. ne . . . que): ar ni arilsem-ni act dígail for we have deserved only punishment, Wb. 20d14 . ni bí nach dethiden foir act fognam do día his only care is to serve God, 10b9 . ni gessid . . . act búaid precepte, 26a34 . nicon chloor act for caínscél, 23b41 . connaccon bet a.¤ degnimai less so that he may have only good works, Ml. 129a9 . ní rádat som a.¤ bréic ┐ togaís they speak only lies and deceit, 31a18 . in tan nád techtat a.¤ oin aimsir `when they have only one time', Sg. 5a10 . nī fūar a ssēt a.¤ Maire `I have found not her like save Mary', Thes. ii 349.4 (Hy. v). a.¤ fo thri nico rotroisci M. `that M. never fasted but thrice', Mon. Tall. 157.5 (§ 72) muna bed a.¤ don dornsann ní himtecar la suidaib, Laws iv 158.5 . nach ístais biad . . . a.¤ biad Conchobair, IT i 75.15 . conna-ruc a.¤ oīnchois ūaim, Sc.M² 12 . ni boi arm la Hiruath . ... a.¤ bocṡlaitt moir, PH 850 (a.¤ bocslat mor, v.l., ZCP xiv 147.7 ). na déantar lámh dhearg a.¤let none but her be outlawed(?) Dán Dé ix 9 . nach fuil a.¤ talam ┐ luaith san cholainn daonna nothing but earth and ashes, TSh. 432 . gan a.¤ mac tíre 'na sesamh rena brollach only a wolf standing at her breast (instead of her own calf), BNnÉ 164 § 34 . Note also: dearna a láimhe a.¤ a lámh oile / clár do b'áilne snoidhe sain, DDána 32.22 , where a neg. is implied (see notes).

(d) With emphasising nammá, amáin: a.¤ comparit neutair nammá gl. non inuenitur nisi neutri generis, Sg. 41a8 . act seircc ndée tantum (= nammá) gl. non quaerit quae sua sunt, Wb. 12c2 . a.¤ nammá renders Lat. nisi forte, 9d21 , 12c32 . a.¤ éolas nammá, TBFr. 392 . ní thérna díb a.¤ oenchóicer namá, BDD² 1494 . teach . . . cen dorus . . . a.¤ seinistir ┐ forleas namá a house without any door but a window and skylight only, 81 . a.¤ dá angel amáin ní bátar and, LL 291a3 . ní bhí a.¤ an moladh amháin / ní don domhan a.¤ díoláimh `save praise alone', TD 31.8 . a.¤ trōcaire Dé amhāin, Fl. Earls 134.20 .

(e) So also with follg. mad (cf. acht má as conjunction infra): a.¤ mad a claind `unless it be her (own) children' (gl. docere autem mulieri non permitto), Wb. 28b13 . ni ruc . . . claind . . . a.¤ mad óeningin, IT i 130.14 . nád aithgainethar . . . a.¤ mad indred n-indligthech, Críth G. 564 . noco ria nech dib ar éc . . . a.¤ mad Essu ┐ Caleb, SR 4732 . a.¤ mad aenfer, Anecd. i 63 § 115 . indis dam firindi, riam nucha n-ebartais a.¤ mad guth ceart, Fen. 156.21 . ni bhíodh neach aga ghoire a.¤ madh na hoighe allaid `save only the deer', ZCP i 64 § 57 .

(f) Hence in adv. phrase a.¤ (mad) becc lit. except (but only) a little, hence almost: combo marb a.¤ bec until he was almost dead, LU 3290 ( SCC 8 ). a mboi de ór . . . oca a.¤ becc almost all the gold they had, PH 999 . fāsughudh C. . . . a.¤ becc `almost total devastation', RC xvii 384.23 (Tig.). corloiscit cella fer Midhi a.¤ mad becc, 389.7 .

II As conjunction

(a) In sense save only that, except that (folld. by nasalising rel. clause in O.Ir., see GOI § 503 ) (freq. with nammá): ro legsat canóin amal rundalégsam-ni a.¤ ronda-sáibset-som tantum `they have read the Scripture text as we have read it save only that they have perverted it', Ml. 24d24 . accobor la mmenmuin maid do imradud act nandléicci concupiscentia carnalis , Wb. 3d13 . Borg Emna ro tetha / a.¤ mairte a clocha `save that its stones remain', Fél. Prol. 194 . is bēlra dligthech concanat, a.¤ nat aithgnet cluasa dōine, Ériu ii 118 § 54 . a.¤ nach deachaidh tar muir Manann, riámh ní rosgabh rí ba fearr, Keat. ii 5755 . So also in the following (where rel. not marked): haue a.¤ ro noebad / do Dunlang `a grandson, save that he has been hallowed, of D.', Fél. April 11 . manid caindleóracht in tige as ail duit do chosnamh a.¤ namá bid mó bas loscud don tig oldás bas suillse don tegluch except that the house is more likely to catch fire than its inmates to get light, LU 9197 ( FB 92 ). conrotacht . . . a tech . . . fo chosmailius na Cráebrúadi . . . a.¤ nammá ro derscaigestar a tech so . . . do thigib inna hamsiri, 8046 ( FB 1 ). coro ṡollsigset in catraig na dluma derga . . . a.¤ ni loisctís nech nama without however burning anyone, LB 152b41 .

(b) With má, mani, cé (see Vendryes, Ériu xvi 21f. ). With má except if, unless: act ma chotchela gl. numquid Israhel non cognouit, Wb. 5a9 . act massu made in chretem rochretsid gl. nisi frustra credidistis, 13a34 . act mad melltach lassin fer `unless it be agreeable to the husband', 9d17 . act mad óentu dúib occa gl. ex consensu, 9d22 . tír Cannain . . . / nista . . . / a.¤ ma rannait . . . / for meic iar for n-adnacul unless your sons divide it SR 4735 . ní dligther fothud a thige do neoch . . . a.¤ ma ḟrisnasar a ḟlaith, Críth G. 79 . nocho chumcaid-si imchaisin Críst a.¤ ma blasti bás ar thús, Trip.² 1147 . ní talla a léni de a.¤ mad fria huaim `he may not take off his shirt except it be to stitch it', Ériu vii 140 . Note also: a.¤ má dothísad Arddrí secht nime dó ní reg-sa, Trip.² 1354 .

(c) With mani except if . . . not. So in some early exx., but later = a.¤ má or mani: a.¤ manidchomalnid a rropridchad dúib gl. nisi forte reprobi estis (you show that God is in you except you fulfil not what has been preached to you, Wb. 18b7 . ni ba messi dogena a.¤ manimléicther ind it is not I who will do it unless I am not allowed in i.e. provided I am not forbidden to enter, RC xxv 26.9 . noco mberthar uaimse ait na halma ass (leg. a.¤ Vendryes, loc. cit.) manip aúrderg limsa, LU 5029 (TBC) unless I do not consider them visible i.e. worthy of being seen (Vendryes). a.¤ minab edrud ┐ grian, `provided it be not between thee and the sun', Ériu viii 122.28 . In follg. exx. = a.¤ má, a.¤ mani: ni segar baithis acht menip dóig bes marb in gein unless the child seems likely to die, Ériu ii 208 § 32 . fotdáilfind i n-ilpartib . . . a.¤ manibad F. were it not for F. LU 5673 (TBC). ?is mesi . . . dliges a caurathmir a.¤ mani brister anfír form unless I am treated unfairly, LU 8986 ( FB 74 ). ni raga ass . . . a.¤ manit ainge ben unless a woman protect you, 3352 ( SCC 14 ). ní maith duit imthecht t'oenur a.¤ mani[d] dáil fir no thēig, Fing. R. 91 . acht mana maidi in talam found unless the ground breaks under us, TBC-I¹ 3577 = mono thaeth (muna maidhi, muna maoighthfe v.ll.), TBC-LL¹ 5975 . ni ra cotail C. risin re sin, a.¤ mani chotlad fithisin ṁbic . . . C. did not sleep during that time except for a little while, 2473 = a.¤ mad mani chotlad, LU 6338 . nach fer gentor a.¤ mona bentar a cend de unless his head is cut off, RC xii 88 § 99 . a.¤ mana bera lat in topur so `unless you take away this well', Lism. L. 4669 . a.¤ muna faghbam ní dar cobair orra sin ní bia duine a mbethaid unless we can find something to protect us from them there will not be a person alive, Acall. 6174 . ní dénann urchóitt do neach acht mona derna nech urcóit di, Maund. 33 . nad ḟetar-sa . . . act manip íat in Galían, CRR 11 . a.¤ munab í M. th' iarraidh, Eachtra Uill. 4300 .

(d) With cia even though, even if: act ci nip lour `even though it be not sufficient', Wb. 11d15 . nach facamur riamh roimhi, / a.¤ gér cian ar comnoide though long has been our sojourn, Ériu iv 114.32 . tu easbal dob annsa leis /. . ./ a.¤ ger ionmhuin gach easbal, Dán Dé i 9 . ba menmarc leis co mberadh buaidh a.¤ ge bhadar ced fan fer `he wished to defeat them even though they were a hundred to one', Stair Erc. 1471 . acht gidh mór do maith doronuis co ró-so, ZCP vi 67.8 . for imegla a bhāssaigthe a.¤ ge ro baoi i n-a Pāpa, Fl. Earls 206.20 . a.¤ gér laoch mear even though he was a swift warrior, LBranach 7210 . Samson, a.¤ gér chalma a neart, Éigse iv 188.71 .

(e) In conditional sense if only, provided that (folld. in O. Ir. by perfective subj. except where an impossible condition is implied, see GOI § 904 ): bíth and beos acht ropo i tuil dée `let him still abide therein provided it be in God's will', Wb. 10a25 . act ní arbarat biuth inna túari provided they eat not the foods, 10c1 . bid maith mo menmese act rocloor for cáinscéilsi `my mind will be glad provided I hear good news of you', 23d2 . atá comeisseírge act rocretem oipred dæ, 27a15 . ni imned lim act rop Crist pridches, 23b24 . buí cara damsa isin tírsea . . . a.¤ rofeasmais conair dá thig if only we knew the way to his house, BDD² 262 . a.¤ rop coir ní gellas, Críth G. 505 . a.¤ ropom airdric-se (ropa airdercsa LU), maith lim cen co bend buan acht oenlaa, TBC-I¹ 571 . ata lasna tuati beith lór dóib do ascnam nime acht doratat ní dona hanmchairtib (sic leg.) `the lay folk deem it enough to win a place in heaven if only they have given something to their confessors', Mon. Tall. 141.16 (§ 35) . doémat na trī sailm-sea . . . acht rogabthar gach dīa, ZCP iii 30.23 . With non-perfective vb.: a.¤ ni bed úall and `if only there were no pride in it', Wb. 10b27 . nico mórbrig laisim and a.¤ ní cometestar dond accobar `he counts it no great matter provided there be no yielding to desire', Mon. Tall. 152.7 (§ 63) . a.¤ com-messind-se mo maccu nī diṅgentais do chride chrád if only I were able to control my sons, Fing. R. 498 . Note also: noco nindligthech do gin co tuca abad acht techtugad do breith `provided that he has brought the means of taking possession', Laws iv 4.15 .

(f) Similarly with follg. co n-: ríge láech nErend . . . dait . . . a.¤ co nderna mo chomarlisea provided thou do, LU 8114 ( FB 8 ). a.¤ cor damthar fír fer dam ol sé atbér, 9213 (94) . a.¤ co rabat glinni mo diṅgbála ria provided there are sureties to satisfy me, MU² 64 . a.¤ co nde[r]nat maith / flaith uaidib co bráth, Trip.² 1798 . cretfemit do Christ a.¤ co ro-fhindamm a nert, PH 345 . nis-fil do plāig . . . for bith nachus-bera sin for cūlu, a.¤ corup léir guidter Dia occai, RC xii 430 § 21 . With non-perfective vb.: asbert . . . nod lemad a mbrethugud a.¤ co ndaimtis nammá fora breith, LU 9012 ( FB 76 ). dá fessed a.¤ combad fer ulcach nod ngonad no mairfedsom he ind (mixed constr.) 6110 (TBC). cuma a dteasda uan dom aois / gan suan feasda a.¤ go bhféadmaois, Dán Dé xvii 5 . a cōir féine a.¤ go bhfagha / ni dóigh Éire i n-aontamha, TD 24.1 . Hence as soon as: act arroilgither ind epistilse dúibsi berthir úaib Laudocensibus gl. et cum lecta fuerit apud vos aepistola [haec] facite ut et in L. aeclesia legatur, Wb. 27d13 . aiggelat sa hé a.¤ co roisc int oirned as soon as the ordination is ended, RC xlii 134 § 9 . acht co ndernair hoc rechtair romhat dochum an prainntighe, RC xxvi 374.1 . With non-perfective vb.: ragat a.¤ co fiasur in n-airm atá I will go as soon as I know where he is, LU 3373 ( SCC 17 ). bérthar cainnli duit acht co tumthar, Lism. L. 1996 .

(g) In adversative sense but: énirt a cocubussom . . . act nosnerta in sonirt, Wb. 10c3 . coir irnigde tra inso act ní chumcamni, 4a27 . robatar leosom eter desciplu . . . act dorigénsat in descipuil dechor etarru, 7d10 . cenél Maicc Ercae as tressam . . . a.¤ nochon follamnaiget amal ardrígu, Trip.² 1064 . lánsíth i nHérinn . . . a.¤ buí imneissi chatha iter dá Chorpre, BDD² 230 .

(h) Often introducing a positive clause oppd. to a preceding neg. one or vice versa: ni imdibe dualche . . . act is imdibe colno, Wb. 21b11 . conibé eter in peccato act co beid in pænitentia , 9b2 . ní bo ar seirc móidme act conrobad torbe dúibsi triit, 17a13 . ní dron act is diuit et is glé, 17b4 . ni ar Abracham . . . a.¤ is diar foirbthetuni, 2d2 . ni delb ad-rorsat act is cosmulius delbe, 1b19 . ba torad saithir dúun . . . act ní bad nertad na mbraithre, 10c21 . is hé láech is áildem . . . a.¤ níba s[h]uthain, TBFr. 5 . ni hainfis a.¤ día necar doniam indnos it is not in ignorance, but to set them forth that we proceed in this way, Mon. Tall. 154.27 (§ 66) . co rrabe . . . cen dig cen biad, a.¤ 'co immorchor ón taíb co araile, Sc.M² 3 . In sense at all events, however: mór di ḟertaib . . . doróne . . . acht aisnédfimne úaiti do ilib díb, Trip.² 110 . nī himda persa . . . is fessach crēd . . . in bāss geipit, acht nī thernoighit tar aiss amach go bráth, Fl. Earls 70.31 . Note also: munup do saighe selbha a.¤ for ecin `unless he seizes land by force only', Laws iv 26.16 Comm. nídnanaid a crothad nach a flescad a.¤ a nidi `it is no protection to shake or beat it, but only to wash it', Mon. Tall. 155.2 (67) . ná dearbh as a.¤ go hairech, Content. vi 27 .

(i) On cases where the prec. neg. sentence contains a word meaning only: ni hed a méit nonchretidsi act fodaimid fochidi airi `not only do ye believe it but ye endure sufferings therefor', Wb. 23c7 . nípat hé . . . nammá beite isind inducbáil sin a.¤ bieit cit geinti, 4c40 . nirbo chuit eperte tantum act robatar cid ferte dia imthrenugud, 24c5 . ni namá na duile aicside do chumscugud . . . a.¤ ro-chumscaigit gráda nime, PH 152 .

(j) In the idiom a.¤ ní . . . ní not only not . . . but not (cf. sech): a.¤ ní ructaisseom airesom ní rucadsom foraibsom not only could they not get away from him but he could not catch up with them, BDD² 300 and note. a.¤ nis leicim nis étaim, TBC-LL¹ 2334 (= sech LU). a.¤ ni trebad ni coimge, Metr. Dinds. iv 332.36 . a.¤ ni gonab-sa ni gonfa-sa mo moindter-sa, Ériu v 32.23 . a.¤ ní mó a cách ní lugu `not only is it not increasing but it is not less', Otia ii 81.2 . In positive constr.: acht ba dimdach ba debthach, SR 5688 . atbert in drui: a.¤ saerfaithir do mathair doberthar duit na bú as well as freeing your mother the cows will be given to you, IT i 40.x . Note also: a.¤ ní buaid a denam imbáruch is mó is dimbúaid a denam innocht, TBC-LL¹ 1866 .

(k) With cia: cindas rainnfither in mucc . . . cīa indas . . . a.¤ a-rann ar chomramaib in what other way, Sc.M² § 6 . cid, ol si, acht maillechut-sa tú co sír, PH 8262 . Introducing a phrase: cid fil ann didiu (sic leg.) a.¤ amal itcualae, PH 834 . cid fil ann immorro acht ni dechaidh aonnech ina ndocum, Stair Erc. 449 . Note also: aní ná roich lám, cid a.¤, / is écen dam a dúthracht, LU 3935 (`yet' SCC § 44 ).

(l) As quasi-conjunction in idioms with cen (gan): gan é a.¤ i naois ōiglenaib `seeing he was but of young child's age', O'Gr. Cat. 381.13 . gan lios . . . a.¤ lán do dhoire dharach, TD 28.7 . gan duine a.¤ ag dol ar séad, Dán Dé ix 34 . gan duine . . . do dol faoi . . . acht le custam do dhīol `that no one should go under it without paying custom', Fl. Earls 90.4 . brugh. loch. Lugh inand ghabhaid a.¤ gan illradh ag Lugh, IGT Decl. p. 81 § 29 . Note also: ní fuil mac Gaoidhil ná Goill / a.¤ lán dá éanghrádh uile, TD 17.57 . ní bhí leó a urdail a.¤ d'ór /. . ./ cinn a bhfagha suaine a sleagh / nó truaille tana dtroigheadh `they have not so much as the heads of their javelins . . . but is gold', 9.29 .

In introductory phrases: a.¤ chena is alaind cech nderg, LU 3914 ( SCC 43 ). gabhuis Columcille in salm . . . acht cena ni rolegh-som acht aibghiter namá cosin, Lism. L. 823 . a.¤ nammá atáa mí nád n-imthet rí a.¤ cethrur however there is a month when a king goes about accompanied by four only, Críth G. 535 . acht atá ní chena, bar F., is fiach fola ┐ feola dó-som é, TBC-LL¹ 2989 . See also cena. cid (trá) a.¤, cid fil and (trá) a.¤ etc., see trá II(b). a.¤ (mad) énní however, nevertheless, at all events: achtmadh enní, do marbhadh ceithre fir décc [dibh], AFM v 1328.4 . acht aenni, do bitis debtha dermara eturro, Ann. Conn. 1315.4 . acht aen ni . . . bemitt ar aenconair, 1315.8 .

III As subst. ise cuit in achta ann this is the function of the word `acht' in that passage, O'D. 745 (H 3.17 col. 541) (possibly to be referred to 2 acht).


Cite this: eDIL s.v. acra(e) or


Forms: acre, accrai, acru, agra, acrad

n io, n. Later f. vn. of ad-gair. a s. acre, Wb. 9c20 . g s. accrai, Laws v 372.7 . d s. acru, LL 353a76 . agra f. IGT Decl. § 3 . Verbs § 47 . Later also acrad.

Act of suing, prosecuting, bringing an action, urging a claim; action, suit, process (with gen. of the matter of the suit and FOR (AR) of the person sued): tagra quasi dagra .i. dā n-agra bīs ann, Corm. Y 1259 . acra gl. actio, Ir. Gl. 869 . ní bethe fria acre, ye should not be seeking redress for it, Wb. 9c20 . ce na (= no) betha ac acra ar nech dul ara nurlainn, Laws iii 252.19 . gu nach urasa cin d'agra for a tigernaib `it is not easy to sue their lords for trespasses', iv 222.1 Comm. cach foghail do genu se . . . ciamad ail a nacera for aite `though one should wish to sue his fosterer for them', ii 170.4 Comm. ni bi acraidi faesam .i. nocha bi a.¤ athgabala don ti bis ar faesam neich . . . .i. fer bis for faesam ní tualaing acra the person who is under protection may not be sued? i 102.x , 104.24 Comm. ticfa d'acra a dala `to prosecute his cause', 6.22 . do buing agru ericc suing exacts compensation, ii 14 z . featactain agra na ratha `attempt to sue the surety', v 226.31 Comm. fethem . . . agamsa dot agra sa, i 294.7 Comm. ma docuaid in grad feine d'acrad in graid flatha, 112 y . acrudh do dénum ┐ indliged do denum oc in agra sin, ii 66.9 . ni tuasluce nach suire . . . bes isle agra bes uaisle enech, 36.z. ac acra uatha suing from them, v 120.30 . ai naccrai the matter of the suit, 372.7 . fuil setaibh acrai inerce `a wound (inflicted) in the cause of levying a payment due', Ériu xii 50 § 63 . ag agra goidi ┐ braidi when suing a case of theft and plunder, Laws v 42.18 Comm. acra bor[b]luchuis, ii 16.7 Comm. cuir ┐ cundartha . . . d'acrau forin conair fugill is cert, Cóic Con. 20 § 13 . fer na hagra the plaintiff, O'D. 570 ( H 3.17, 440-1 ). di ēis ind fir acrai, ZCP xv 322 § 15 n. 1 . ae an fir acra, Laws v 306.10 Comm. soiri domnaig . . . gin acrai gan brethemnus, Anecd. iii 21.4 . nócon ainfe ingrimm ┐ acrae dííbh ca bráth, Trip.² 2218 . frithchuires dím accra olcu amhuinsi, ZCP vi 258.4 . gabais M. . . . ic acra a cor , LL 221b27 ( TTr. 330 ). itú ic triall a acrai ḟort I am suing thee for it, LL 14136 . lucht a éaraca dá agra orra to sue them for his eric, ML 132.7 . badur . . . og agra a comairci ar in rig they were demanding the king's protection, YBL 172b20 . teid dagra a shlana ar O'nDomnaill to make claim on O'D. for violating his surety, L. Chl. S. § 17 . dolluid . . . Lactain . . . do acru in gníma sin co flaith to complain of that deed, LL 353a76 . gan a bhás d'agradh ar neach `not to demand retribution from anyone for his death', Keat. ii 5192 . d'agra airdchíosa ar Chúigeadh Laighean `to exact', iii 3082 . ag agra fhiach claiming a debt, Dán Dé xxvi 12 . ro bhaoí ua N. ag agra blaidhe don dúthaigh fuair Niall ó Domhnaill on righ, AFM vi 2350.7 . ná ro cumhaing Ua N. an fearann dagra ó chert, .14 . an lá thiocfas triath na n-aingeal d'agra a chéasda sa chroich, A. Ó Dálaigh xliv 9 . oca agra (sic leg.) gurbhó dalta dhósom ó Domnaill `urging', Hugh Roe 48.10 (fo. 13a) . do brud . . . in domain . . . is d'acra ar a cend `to take vengeance on it', Cog. 180.4 . iomdha agra nach admhaim `many charges I confess not' (i.e. do not plead guilty to), Dán Dé iv 3 . gach agra dá bhfuil againn ┐ gach leathscéal dá bhfuil agaibhsi, Maguires of F. 74 . báttar . . . ag aighnes ima naccarthaibh for aroile they were disputing as to their claims, AFM vi 2166.z. teit accra ann, an action lies in that case, PH 7612 . Cill Baird i Laignib ní agra i.e. undoubtedly Mart. Don. xxxix 16 . Of the thing claimed: re h-iarraid na hagra, MR 264.11 . Of challenging in battle: cenn cosnama . . . Erenn ar uaill ┐ ar agra, MR 96.3 .


Cite this: eDIL s.v. ada(e) or


adj I Adj. io, iā due, fitting, suitable: nephadae gl. nefas, Ml. 119a11 . adæ .i. ad-dee .i. dīr do Dīa, Corm. Y 67 . níbá hada rí co n-anim hi Temraig, LU 4056 . [n]i hadha (.i. dliged) dom anmuin apairt romnett `not due to my soul is the deed that has quelled me', Ériu ii 3.3 . teacht mís Marta a M. . . ./ do rígh Uladh ní hadha, Leb. Cert. 24.4 . cus in iarumdighe is adha dlechtuin don fir fine, Laws ii 282.29 Comm. areir in caich dana hadha in riaradh, i 286 z Comm. = agda, 288.1 . nir ba hadha do beith i Temair, MR 4.13 . ní hadha dhúin biadh ind fhir genntlidisea do tomailt, Lism. L. 1462 . ni hadha leosum fir a n-áeintig fria dathugud édaig, 4065 . noca nadha pennaid leo do liaigh, Ériu xii 16 § 20 n. 6 . cor imm Crúachuin día Samna / ní hadha acht is éttarba, PRIA liv (C) 18.104 . luid Odras 'na hiarn-gait / iarmairt nárbu ada, Metr. Dinds. iv 198.38 . Used attributively: rochind a aided n-ada / fo chlaideb in Galgatha, SR 5675 . delm n-ada, 4069 . ai eadha `lawful case', Ériu xvii 72.14 n. 1 . ?no sceinm a.¤ na suisti `the proper bound of the flail', Laws v 158.19 Comm.

adj II Also subst. io, [n.] that which is fitting .

(a) Of the prerogatives and perquisites of a king (as opposed to airgart): cúig aurgarta rígh Laighen . . . at iatt a adha immorro: mess Almuine . . . these, however, are his dues the mast of Allen . . ., PRIA liv (C) 12.4 . dénatt désheircc ar Día ndil / is léor d'adhaib cach óeinfhir, 22.148 . cadeat ada flatha ┐ cuirmthige costud im dagḟlaith, lassamna do lochrannaib, Tec. Corm. § 4.1 . adha ┐ aurgarta na rígh, ZCP iv 237.36 . fili . . . nach fiasara adha . . . na rig so, Leb. Cert. 6.24 . aga .i. buada, O'Curry 969 (H 3.18, 416). adha .i. buadha, Stowe Gl. 226 . Note also: ni ro hingabad geis leo ┐ ni ro hadradh ada they did not avoid taboos or cleave to customary dues, CCath. 1166 . ro imbir fair dano cach ada aili ba dir do imbirt for tarb idparta, 959 .

(b) In more general sense of appurtenances, accoutrements etc.: cach n-ada as ada do ócaib oc comruc, MU² 966 . dofuctha adai na fleidi the appropriate things for a feast, IT i 311.34 . atberim frib . . ./ ada, buada, belltaine / coirm, mecoin . . ., Hib. Min. 49.4 . carna, cuirm, cnoimes, cadla / it e ada na Samna, .20 . is iat a ada olla / stuic, cruitti cuirn chróes-tholla (of an oenach), Metr. Dinds. iii 18.233 . Note also: ada usce nosbera, LB 228 marg. sup. (see Pref. p. 39).


Cite this: eDIL s.v. adaltrach or
Last Revised: 2019



I As adj. o, ā adulterous: mná adaltracha, LU 2219 ( FA § 29 ). in t-í ro-p a.¤ co ru-b genmnaid, PH 5619 . dia mbat sáithech . . . bidat úallach, a.¤ , ZCP vii 298.17 .

II n As subst. m. and f. adulterer; adulteress: fornicarius . i. adhalltrach, Ir. Gl. 619 . do adhaltrachaib in betha, O'Dav. 121 . ar chor oile . . . chéastar an t-adhaltrach, TSh. 6482 . Fig. Mael-Sechlainn . . . a.¤ uallach Uisnigh proud adulterer (i.e. usurper) of U., MacCarthy 426 § 5 . In Laws freq. contrasted with cétmuinter. fuil fearus cetmuindtir oc etach techta for adhaltraigh do taet for a ceand, Laws v 142.7 . is fiachach cach a.¤ do-t[h]et for cend cetmuintire, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 49 § 23 . as-renar laneraic . . . i cetmuinter . . . leithe(i)raic mad adaltracha (i n-adultrucha, v.l.), 71 § 35 . meic na adaltraige urnadma . . . mac na adaltraige foxail, Cóic Con. 44 § 71 . a.¤ urnadma co macu, Ir. Recht 54.31 . in inbaid bis clann cetmuinntire ┐ fine, no clann cetmuinntire ┐ clann adaltraige, no clann cetmuinntire ┐ fear adaltraige gin clainn it da trian do clainn cetmuintire ┐ trian do cach æ dib so, 53 § ix . in a.¤ co macaib a roga di inn e a fer no a fine no a mac do-gena tobach di . . . in cetmuinter nochon-uil a roga di acht a fer do tobach, 59 § xiii . adaltracha iarna urnaidm, Laws v 480.17 . cor mna sech a celi .i. in a.¤ cen clainn, Laws i 52.32 Comm. tiucfaid in cetmuinnter fo coruib ┐ cidh adhaltrach hi, ticfaid a fear, v 226.11 Comm. arna tucthar cland a.¤ na ban taide don eclais, Laws iii 38.20 Comm.

1 adb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 adb or


Forms: aidhbhe, adhbha, adhbha

n in phrase a.¤ chiúil. adhbh (chiúil) f. (g s. aidhbhe, adhbha, n p. adhbha), IGT Decl. § 39 . musical instrument: badar . . . timpana et clairsiocha ┐ gach adbh ceóil . . . ag a seinm inntib, Aisl. Tond. 114.6 . orgáin ┐ adhbha ciúil, Desid. 2639 . an adhbh chiúil do bí na bhois / carbh gan sdiúir í na égmais, IGT Decl. ex. 1077 . cor adbh ciúil gan crand glesta . . . an tuath tar eís Coluim Cille, BCC § 366 (= an doman as cruit gan ceis in poem ib.). go n-dechaid an cráisich tres an aidhbh ciúil ┐ tre uchtbruinne an oirfidich, Celt. Rev. iv 112.11 .

Cf. 2 adba, adbann.


Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-ella or
Last Revised: 2019


Forms: ataella, -aidle, adnellat, aidlidh, ad-ellad, -aidled, ad-rella, atella, āirle, roadelta, atdubelliub, adnelliub, adeilliub, -adliub, -aidlibe, -aidliba, -aidlébthai, ad-ella, ad-ell, edla, ad-rell, -adallsat, adalsad, ad-ralsat, aidled, aidlid, adall

v (* ad-ell-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 509 ). Indic. pres. 3 s. ataella, Wb. 19b15 . -aidle, LL 204a32 . 3 pl. adnellat, Ml. 102a15 . Ipv. 2 p. aidlidh, Gael. 50, 123 ( Blathm. 53 ). Impf. 3 s. ad-ellad, Mon. Tall. 132.1 (§ 11) . -aidled, ACC 94 .

Subj. pres. 2 s. (with -ro-) ad-rella, Fianaig. 14.29 . 3 s. atella, Trip.² 2158 . nīs āirle , CB 180 § 59 gl. 9 . Impf. 2 s. roadelta, RC iii 176.34 .

Fut. 1 s. atdubelliub, Wb. 7a4 . adnelliub, 14a6 . adeilliub, a7 . -adliub, RC ii 176.33 . 3 s. -aidlibe, Trip.² 864 . -aidliba, BDD² 1251 (= -aidléba, LU 7718 ). Condit. pass. sg. -aidlébthai, BDD² 709 .

Pret. and perf. 3 s. ? ad-ella, Thes. ii 320.7 (or historic pres., Ped. loc. cit.). ad-ell, LU 4981 . ? edla, Ériu viii 28.24 . ad-rell, SR 7631 . 3 pl. -adallsat, Blathm. 72 . adalsad, TBC-I¹ 2908 . ad-ralsat, Metr. Dinds. iii 272.35 . pass. sg. cen cor aidled , O'Dav. 1373 . Later as simple vb. aidlid.

Vn. adall.

Visits, approaches: is cuit adaill adnellat sidi in fini, Ml. 102a15 . adella in Patraicc naile, Thes. ii 320.7 ( Hy. ii 65 ). ataella-som he draws nigh to her, RC iii 177.5 . nī adalsad a mendot for Bōaind they had not gone near his dwelling-place, TBC-I¹ 2908 . aidlis Eochaid in lúachair `E. approached the rush bed', Metr. Dinds. iii 344.73 . aidliss do chelebrad de Fhiachraig, LL 7301 . is annsin edla Ruad mac Mogairn anair . . . i cenn Maige Nia `sped', Ériu viii 28.24 . niconaidlefa a anim pé[i]n n-iffirn, Ériu ii 202 § 20 . intí nād adli in crois, nico n-arfaem cēsad Crist aire, ZCP v 498.25 . With prep. co: adella cuccu, LL 14133 . ad-ella in ben . . . a dochomb, BDD² 1503 ( chuice, LU 7968 ). With prep. LA referring to subject: atdubelliub lemm, Wb. 7a4 . is dual deit-si, sét nāch lag, / m'fithchell, adarella lat approach it(?), Fianaig. 14.29 . adell Conchobar lais a cluichimag, TBC-I¹ 492 ( LU 4981 ). adellat leo cu teach F., TE² 56 § 20 . In extended meanings: ataella indbennacht doratad for abracham `passes to them', Wb. 19b15 . fó lemm ci atella méithe though fatness visits them, Trip.² 2158 . nomaidlet ilcēola, BColm. 30.20 . suil adralsat a ngliaid nglé / rogabsat a commairge `entered on' Metr. Dinds. iii 272.35 . ní aidleth toinn ná féoil (of a carver) touched, TBFr. 127 . aidlid a lám scoith `his hand touches a flower', Fél. 40.12 . ní aidlébthai innd orguin the slaughter would not be undertaken, BDD² 709 ( LU 7110 ). co tagaib nech ní adella `how does one recover his security?' Ériu xi 51.1 . Perh. also: eneclann cáich iar nairille atren atidella .i. ícuidh in eneclann sin in cach aidlis in cinuid, O'D. 629 ( H 3.17, 468 ) = adaella, O'D. 2220 (Nero A 7, 150a) (Cf. O'Dav. 44 ). ? ataella .i. tadall, ut est is iar suide ataella fiacha elguin in cluichi so .i. is iarsan mbasugud ata tadhall do fiachaib comhraiti isan cluichi so, O'Dav. 157 . Of sexual intercourse: indí . . . adellad ilsétchi ┐ duamberar cland `those that frequent various mates and have children born to them', Mon. Tall. 132.1. (§ 11) . maccleirech adella banscail, Ériu vii 142.18 . cin cor aidled nechtar de in dá imat sin, O'Dav. 1373 .


Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-gair or
Last Revised: 2013


Forms: ad-gaur, adgair, adgair, -acair, atgairith, adgairet, -acrait, adgairther, -agarthar, -acarthar, -acarar, -agartar, -acair, ad-gaura, -acrai, -aigera, -aicerat, -aigérthar, ad-gérad, adobragart, adrograd, agartha, acrae, acraid

v ( Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 533 ). Forms: Indic. pres. 1 s. ad-gaur, Thes. ii 228.30 (PCr.). adgairim, LU 10289 . 2 s. adgair, Laws ii 118.24 . 3 s. adgair, Laws v 100.21 . -acair, Laws i 102.x . 2 pl. atgairith, Wb. 9c22 . 3 pl. adgairet, O'Dav. 136 . -acrait, Laws v 118.10 . Pass. sg. adgairther, Críth G. 61 . -agarthar, Cóic Con. 29 § 12 . -acarthar, Ériu xvi 181 § 20 . -acarar, Ériu ii 206 § 26 . Pl. -agartar, Cóic Con. 29 § 12 . Ipv. 2 s. -acair, KMMisc. 262.13 . Subj. pres. 3 s. ad-gaura (ad-gara v.l.), Anecd. iii 26.6 . -acrai (acro, v.l.), 22.22 . Fut. 3 s. -aigera, Laws i 272.11 Comm. 3 pl. -aicerat, Laws i 116.26 Comm. Pass. sg. -aigérthar, MR 294.2 . Condit. 3 s. ad-gérad, Ériu xvii 70 § 13 . ( Laws iv 220.7 ). Perf. 3 s. adobragart, Wb. 19b5 . Pass. sg. adrograd, Wb. 3c22 .

Verbal of necess. agartha, O'D. 546 (H 3.17, 436).

Vn. acrae.

Later as simple vb. acraid. IGT Verbs § 47 .

(a) adgaur no duttluchur gl. conuenio, Thes. ii 228.30 ( PCr. 60a5 ). adgairim firu chóicid Chonchobair immá rig, LU 10289 . is and adragart Sencha . . . ``na curid cor díb'' or se called out(?), IT i 67.9 . adrograd cath uadib impu battle was offered(?), LL 22531 ( Dinds. 158 ). doberthar in cath acruim `the battle will be fought which I proclaim', Fen. 376.19 .

(b) sues, prosecutes, impleads, accuses: ní dilgaid a n-ancride dogníther frib act atgairith `but ye complain of it (i.e. make it a cause of action)', Wb. 9c22 . sech ni acrathar ni tacrathar `neither suit nor levy is made against them' Ériu xvi 181 § 20 . deoraid bis for snadugh ni acuir ni acurthur i.e. he has no ordinary legal status O'D. 48 (H 3.17, c.43). fer adgair ┐ adgairther, Triads 161 . ni agarur nach cintuch acht do roith logh fiach adroillithur, Laws ii 14.y . ni agraid filidh acht fioruibh fer fatha, Ériu xiii 17.26 . a[i]r ad-gérad cách di threbairi mani dénta[e] ruidles de `for everyone would sue on the ground of the owner's responsibility', Ériu xvii 70 § 13 ( Laws iv 220.7 ). is co nog-dire . . . atgairter `it is impleaded with full díre', Ériu xii 83.23 . nach coimdedh beas mo logh ne[i]ch adgair fri hinbleoghuin of that which he claims against the surety-kinsman, Laws ii 14.19 . in file . . . acras in mhed na dlighenn, i 58.17 Comm. is e in lin coibdelach acerus in rath, ii 208.25 . curub grad sechta ac aidbred a sét ac duine is isli inás ┐ curab nech ni adagara, O'D. 1632 (H 5.15, 17). is ed adgair o rigaib `this is what he sues from kings', Laws v 100.21 . ite cealla ind-so o nach acrait airchindig a leasa, inge ma deoru De atgaru uadaib ar etgo i n-eclais De, 118.10 . rohagrad Cúchulaind annsin ó Ultaib C. was then sued by the Ulstermen, Ériu i 126.1 . re foraithmet na fala ro haccradh etorra that was a matter of dispute AFM vi 2266.6 . aigeóraidh sé an domhan, John xvi 8 . dá n-agra coir 'n-ar gcoinne / tagra ni fhoil agoinn-ne if thou urgest sin against us, DDána 25.4 . . . . dá ngéar-agra / an troigh 'san taobh `if Thou bringest against me the wounding of Thy foot and side', Dán Dé xvi 15 . d'éigsibh Éireann is anait / ionnmhus dā n-agraid Bréithnigh if the men of B. should demand wealth, O'R. Poems 2054 . agrais Muire . . . / mar nar dhiúlt dí o thosach he implored Mary, A. Ó Dálaigh l 28 .

(c) Various: adobragart gl. [quis] uos fascinauit [non obedire ueritati], Wb. 19b5 . ( Galatians iii 1 ) leg. fascenauit 'he [the Devil] has seduced you ' Ogma 239 , 'bewitched' LOIG 39 . In phrases, a.¤ x imm y sues x for y: mas a naenfecht ro hacrad he im fiach a laime, Laws iii114.z . créad an chóir . . . fa n-aguir inis Alban, TD 24.4 . a.¤ x i(n-) y: nech donair for imdecht . . . cén mbes sorchu al-lá ní hacarar ind he is not sued for it, Ériu ii 206 § 26 . ná hagair inn sa gcánaidh, DDána 24.24 . do agradaois a ghaol isan gcion `they would sue his kin for the crime', Keat. i 68.16 . agraim ad ghealladh thú I earnestly beseech you in virtue of your promise, Mac Aingil 320 . aigéoram in gach gellad dibh-sin é, BCC 116.33 . a.¤ x for y sues y in the matter of x: sechipe tra adgaura in cain-si in domnaig gid fora athuir, Anecd. iii 26.6 . co nderna cert frit do neoch adgair fair `in what thou suest him for', Laws ii 118.24 . ni acuir in fechiumh for in cintuch in aithghin, 16.9 Comm. ná hacair for cill (chill v.l.) `do not sue the clergy', KMMisc. 262 § 15 . nī ba hē cētní aicēras demon form-sa īar n-dul anúnd, MacCongl. 25.3 . in adbaid a naigérthar uirre a h-uilc (of the soul) MR 294.2 . ni h-anagra acht fir flatha agairther oirne, 160.11 . mairg ar a n-aigeora a ḟuil, Aithd. D. 68.12 . agraigh sé orra a choingheall `forces his terms upon them', Content. v 102 . agrais E. . . . / a chunnradh ar Coin gCuluinn, DDána 82.24 . do agair a fhīch ┐ a aimréir ar Ulltaibh vented his anger on, ML² 1199 . mun agaradh a fhuaith ar bhoin `unless he vented his hatred on a cow', Ó Bruad. iii 170.12 . looks after, tends (cf. ar-gair): i tig fir adgair búar maige Tethrai, Comp. CC 26 § 17 . ni tualaing ben ro-ria ni sech oen a cenn: ada-gair a athair i-mbe (leg. mbi) ingen . . . ada-gairet a mme[i]cc i-mbi be clainne .i. urgairid a athair hi ínas (leg. anas) ingen do hi her father looks after her when she is a maiden (un married), Ir. Recht 35 § 38 . forbids, prevents: rafetarsa as peccad comaccobor hore adrograd gl. nam concupiscentiam nesciebam nisi lex diceret: non concupisces ( Romans vii 7 ), `I know that concupiscence is sin because it has been forbidden', Wb. 3c22 . adgairet .i. urgairet, ut est dechmada ┐ primiti ┐ almsana argairet ré cuaird dunebath i.e. tithes etc. prevent the plague, O'Dav. 136 .


Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-teich or
Last Revised: 2019


Forms: atteoch, adeochasa, adeoch, addeoch-sa, aiteoch, atethach, ateich, atabtecham, aiteocham, ataich, attaig, aitchid, aitchem, adessam, adróethach, adróithach, atum-roethach-sa, atroithich, ataich, attachetar, attach, ataigid, aitchid

v * ad-(ath-?) -tech-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 639 ). Indic. pres. 1 s. atteoch, Thes. ii 349.1 (Hy. v). ateoch, 350.14 (Hy. vi), 353.5, .11 . adeochasa (adeochosa LU), TBC-I¹ 1030 . adeoch, 1031 . addeoch-sa, LL 1021 . aiteoch, ZCP vi 258.2 . ?atethach SR 817 (with inf. pron. 2 s.?). 3 s. ateich, Ml. 39b6 . 1 pl. atabtecham, ZCP vii 485 ( Enchir. Aug. Aug. 84b ). aiteocham, ZCP x 347 § 17 . Ipv. 2 s. ataich. Thes. ii 258.11 . attaig, SR 1618 . 2 pl. aitchid, LU 8391 ( FB § 26 ). 1 pl. aitchem, SR 1613 . Subj. pres. (fut., Ped.) 1 pl. adessam, Thes. ii 300.2 (Hy. i). Pret. and perf. 1 s. adróethach, Thes. ii 353.5 . adróithach, Fél. Ep. 301 . 2 s. atum-roethach-sa, IT iii 242.225 . 3 s. atroithich, ZCP vi 257 § 6 . ataich, TBC-I¹ 1551 (= conattecht, TBC-LL¹ 2184 ). 3 pl. ra attachetar , TBC-LL¹ 2744 . Vn. attach. Later as simple vb. ataigid, aitchid. IGT Verbs § 52 .

Lit. flees to, resorts to (see attach), but invariably in more abstract meanings.

(a) In the constr. a.¤ x fri y invokes x against y. adjures or beseeches y by or for the sake of x. In Ir. Lit. 30 ff. the phrase ateoch frit is used before each of a long list of items: ateoch frit, a Isu . . . do cethri suiscelaige, etc. the actual prayer (co nimragba, etc.) following p. 34. aitchid a chenel fri Bran `he adjures B. by his race', Rawl. B. 512 fo. 120c32 (Plummer MS. notes). ataich Cuchulaind fris a chomaltus ┐ a muimi diblinaib Scathaich C. appealed to him by his foster-brotherhood, TBC-I¹ 1551 . aitchidh ainm nDe re Brigit um ní do tabairt do asks B. in God's name to give him something, Lism. L. 1316 . ō roataig-sim Colmān . . . riu `he adjured them by Colmán', BColm. 96.1 . attchim-se mo guide rutt, LL 374c23 . ro attaich Dia riss gan a clann d'easguine `she besought him for God's sake not to curse her children', TFrag. 102.9 .

(b) calls on, prays to, entreats: adiuro .i. atchim, Gild. Lor. 52 . arnādrīs iffernn uathach / ateoch in ríg adróethach (.i. roatchius) `that I may not go to awful hell, I beseech the King whom I have besought', Thes. ii 353.5 (Hy. vi). adróithach in rígraid / . . . / . . . atateochsa íaram, Fél. Ep. 301 . attecham (ateocham v.l.) na hóga / doairset ar ṅdála, Sept. 20. a Dé dulig adateoch, ZCP i 497.6 . aitchem na huili duli / . . . / cor guidet lenn, SR 1613 . ō roaitcheatar ainm Colmāin . . . tērnatar slán i tír, BColm. 94.12 . no aitchitis in coimdid, PH 4055 . aitchim a sídh `I beseech peace with them', Studies 1923. 599 § 18 . With cognate accus. issed attach adessam `this is the prayer that we will pray', Thes. ii 300.2 (Hy. i). atach ind so atroithich Colum Cille co mmáthair nÍsu, ZCP vi 257 § 6 . With follg. IMM and vn. constr.: ra attchetar . . . firu hErend ma tocbáil bar lebennaib scíath they besought the men of Ireland to raise them, TBC-LL¹ 2744 . ra adaig clanda Nemid imo hainm do beith forsin ferand ind-romarbad, Dinds. 147 ( RC xvi 160 ). ro-n-aitchiset im thomailt `they begged him to eat', PH 6547 . ro attaig a shetig Samson imme sin, LB 127b15 . aitchim an dá dheaghfháidh dhéag / fam (dom, v.l.) thabhairt do Dhia ar deighshéad, Dán Dé xxv 50 . aitchet na naoimh . . . im thecht cuca da ccabhair, BNnÉ 256 § 214 . Similarly with DO: roataigh Día codichra da furtacht, ZCP vi 94.27 . ro aitchister . . . Patraicc . . . dia choemna for a bidbaid, Irish Texts i 18 § 54 . aitchett an Coimdhe do shior / naoimh sleachta Conaill dár ndíon, iii 45.30 . adchi[s]-seom (curoataigh v.l.) in Gall dia comairqui `entreated . . . for his protection', RC xxiv 56 § 17 . Note also: aithchim ar bhar n-éigse sibh / gabháil `I implore you by your poetic profession to restrain . . .', Content. xvi 88 . Less freq. with person entreated introduced by FOR or FRI: ro atuighsead an sgol for Féinius bérla do theibeadh as na hilteangthuibh, IGT Introd. 3.17 . aitchimit fort gin ar clödh forcula do dliged ar sen, ZCP i 260.5 . is eadh aitcheas nó athchuingheas Ieremias . . . ar an duine, TSh. 1619 . in fer fodrácaib co claen aitchid fris a facbail co diriuch request him, LU 8391 ( FB § 26 ). tocht fo a thogairm ┐ an ro ataig fris do denamh `and did whatever he requested him', AFM vi 2054.7 .

agad, aiged

Cite this: eDIL s.v. agad, aiged or
Last Revised: 2013


Forms: aiged, aigeth, agad, aghadh, aiged, aigead, aideadh, aghaidh, aighidh, agid, aigid, agaid, aghaidh, acchaidh, adhaigh, adhaid, aghaigh, agad, aiged, aigthi, aichthi, aighthe, aighid, aigthi, aichthib, aigthib, agthib, aghadh, aighedh

n f. aiged, Thes. ii 254.4 (Stowe Miss.) , aigeth, ibid. 5 . Not found in O. Ir. glosses (see enech). n s. agad, LU 4514 . aghadh, Dán Dé vii 35 . ind aiged , TBFr. 219 . aigead, Ériu xiii 58.1 . aideadh, BB 427a50 . aghaidh (: samhail), DDána 42.6 . v s. aighidh, ZCP xiii 174.9 . a s. agid, TBFr. 223 . aigid, Trip.² 313 . agaid, Lism. L. 2968 . aghaidh, Aithd. D. 61.21 . acchaidh, AFM v 1640.16 . adhaigh, Ériu v 190.480 . adhaid (sic MS.), ZCP vii 301 § 6 . aghaigh, Laws iv 258.1 Comm. agad, Dinds. 18 ( RC xv 312.15 ). aiged, Maund. 257 . g s. aigthi, CRR § 17 . aichthi, TTebe 930 . aighthe, DDána 85.1 . Proverbs vii 15 . d s. aighid, ACL iii 4.28 . n p. aigthi, Sc.M² 5 . d p. aichthib, Rawl. 163b13 . aigthib, TTebe 4115 . agthib, TBC-LL¹ 4210 . aghadh, aighedh f., IGT Decl. § 4 .


(a) face, countenance: mad i nadaid ri[g] 'if it be [a wound] in the face of a king ' Bretha 26 § 9 . mad a naigid rig tuat roferta(i)r fuil graine 'if a one-grain wound has been inflicted in the face of a king' 28 § 12 . niba diles a aighidh do aoir, Ériu xiii 13.20 . agad ḟochoel forlethan, LU 4514 (TBC). ind aiged do chumtachtai the face for its comeliness, TBFr. 219 . eter in ṁbrágit ┐ in n-agid ṅgil, 223 . aged ethiopacda slemangorm aci, MU² 689 . niptar aigthi carat im ḟleid, Sc.M² § 5 . comleithet a aigthi do derg-ór, CRR § 17 . ag ínred a aichthi `tearing his face', TTebe 930 . dob iomdha aighthe giall ngonta, TD 11.32 . deōr tromthoirsi / co tī tar abra ar n-aigthi-ni, ACL iii 234.18 . dar a aighid, 4.28 . a.¤ fedil see fethal.

By metonymy of persons: a haighidh fhīr woman of the true countenance, ZCP xiii 174.9 . fer ard uas aichthib Emna / diar chomainm Tadg . . ., Rawl. 163b13 .

(b) surface: aigead gach airgit, Ériu xiii 58.1 (See xix 117-8 ). ordlach i tiget cech lainde dib . . . co m-ba haiged oir uli lais ár medon, Alex. 581 . dar aigthib sciath, TTebe 4115 . mar chaoin aighthe cupa ó cheard, DDána 119.34 . ar aighidh mhín Mhaonmhuighe expanse , Ériu v 66.8 . a haghaidh ghléigheal . . . (of a hill), TD 4.5 . ?ria n-aidche agaig (leg. agaid), Ériu iv 162 § 25 . fa aghaidh na firminnte across the face of the firmament, Aithd. D. 61.21 . ag cur bhairr ┐ aighthe mo bhaisi deisi . . . palm of my right hand, Parrth. Anma 1020 . ar aighthibh . . . an aigein, ML 48.10 .

(c) front: meitheal dar bh' aghaidh sinn súd we were in advance of that working-party, DDána 42.6 ; cf. baluid dia lethagid in luirg, ┐ tanic dia lettáib, TBC-LL¹ 651 ( LL 8103 ).

(d) shape, form, appearance: aen dib a fuath duine, ┐ aroile a ndeilb dhuim, ┐ anaill a naigid ilair, Grail 3399 .

(e) honour (see 1 enech II): dar cend aigthe Conculainn `for the sake of C.'s honour', RC xiv 428 § 52 . tuc Eochaidh a aenrosc do dar ceann a aigti, BB 383a35 . ar son a einich .i. ar son a aighthe, O'Cl. s.v. eineach. Cf. do tabairt aighti doib giving countenance to them, ZCP v 42.30 ( BCC 123 ).

Note also: ic fóbairt aigthe a feirgge for Troiánu, LL 236b22 ( TTr. 1458 ).

II In phrases implying motion, intention etc. (a) With follg. FOR, FRI etc.:

(a) dob aghaidh ar éttualang (of an impossible undertaking), AFM v 1646.1 . agaid for Ath Cliath to attack A. ALC i 2.19 . is tráth aighthe ar Allmhurchaibh, DDána 85.1 . fa neimhleasg liom aghaidh air `I was in no wise loth to approach it', TD 11.7 . ní hésgaidh linn ort aigheadh, IGT Decl. ex. 826 . a n-aighthe ar in sen-fhairrgi making for the sea, Fl. Earls 58.7 . aghaidh dhamh-sa do fhios Bhriain, Hard. ii 202.11 . déne prostrait ┐ t'aiged fri talmain face downwards, PH 454 . a agaid fria lochtaib, PH 8227 .

(b) With attá: ni bḟuil bur n-aighedh le clesaibh riderachta, RC xxix 112 § 8 . is indess ro boí a aged [.i. do Temraig], Trip.² 1011 . Note also: aghaidh gach droichsgéil amach! all evil away from us! Dánta Gr. 9.1 .

(c) do-beir a.¤ co, fri turns towards, makes for: tucsat agaid a long gu . . . turned their ships towards, Lism. L. 2968 . mad cucainni dobera Conch. ┐ Ulaid a n-agaid if C. and the U. make for us, CRR § 21 . tugaisse aghaidh ar Ifearnn, Aithd. D. 70.21 . do bhert a aghaidh ar uaithnibh `he directed his course by Uaithne', AFM vi 2144.20 . tuc an toiced a haghaidh ar in rí, fortune turned her face towards the king, Expugn. Hib. § 64 . tug R. / aighidh ar an lucht rosling `R. has turned to the people who had defeated him', Studies 1919, 256.3 . tucsat a naigid innaenfecht for Leth Cuind attacked, SG 369.2 . ( LL 299b1 ). tugadar a n-aighthe ar airgne ┐ ar éadála . . . do thiomsughadh turned their attention to, Maguires of F. § 13 . ro thriallsat . . . aghaidh do thabhairt ar dhol a nulltoibh `attempted to effect their passage', AFM v 1854. 13 . gibe ealadha ara ttiobhra duine aghaidh whatever science a person may turn to, Rule of Tallaght § 67 . tug a aghaidh res an uile he faced everybody, DDána 15.9 . Note also: tar Carrthaigh . . . / cuir aghaidh na himeirche tar cuan L. face the band over the shore of L., DDána 74.49 .

III In prepositional phrases.

(a) before, in front of (with AR, FOR, FRI, I N-, LA): nemhsgathmhar ar a.¤ a eascarad `undaunted before his enemies', Rel. Celt. ii 196.6 . an tan curtar ar aigid na gréne é when it is exposed to the sun, O'Gr. Cat. 259.8 . magh . . . do bī ar a n-agaid before them, ML² 1039 . ercid is-in less ar bar n-agaid, PH 4371 . for agid Tripolim, Rawl. 71b6 . Eoin re haghaidh an leanaibh in the presence of, Dán Dé xi 18 . fuair cricha na hEtáile re [a] aghaidh before him, CCath. 1225 . dogní munterus fri-a n-aichthibh they pretend friendship to their faces (opposed to behind their backs), PH 7704 . rucait i n-agid ríg Lochlainne they were brought before the kings of N., CRR § 13 . Peadar abstal na aghaidh / do shéan Iosa `in His presence', A. Ó Dálaigh li 11 . do radh go im agaid `to my face', MR 76.14 . Cf. an president . . . do shuidhe lé hacchaidh Sruthra `laid siege to S.,' AFM v 1640.16 .

(b) towards, in the direction of (with i n-): tainic . . . N . . . ana aigid-seom, Trip.² 313 . na daine do rala do na aigidh who met him, Laws iii 178.12 Comm. erigid-siu 'na agaid go to him, TTebe 4179 . dodechaid bó dasachtach ina agaid `came towards him', RC ii 398 § 37 . guais don tí nach tabhair lón / i n-aghaidh na dtrí dtionól (of Judgement Day), Dán Dé xxii 32 .

(c) against (with FRI, I N-): táinic Seth . . . is misi ann re aguidh `where I was awaiting him', Ériu iv 116 § 21 . do ordaigedar . . . a forairedha do c[h]ur re h-agaid Eōgain on the watch for E., ML² 445 . roeiridh an abhond ré aigid the river rose against him, TTebe 3582 . ba tearc d'Ultaibh re a aghaidh `few of the Ulaid would resist him', Aithd. D. 8.4 . ro chansat-side brechta druidechta ina agid, LU 4028 ( SCC § 48 ). in fer ro bai ina adaig i.e. his opponent, Laws iii 218.7 Comm. i n-agthib na srotha sain against the current, TBC-LL¹ 4210 . ata comaimserdhacht ina adhaigh sin there is a synchronism contradicting that, Ériu iv 144 n.19 . is amlaidh ata in leiges a n-aiged na nadura, RC xlix 25.z .

Up (of a slope, steps, etc. with I N-): cloch mulind do chur ana agaid shlebe to roll a millstone up a hill, TTebe 1669 . a n-aghaidh in staigri upstairs, Fl. Earls 218.16 . anagaid aird uphill, Maund. 31 . cuirid i n-a.¤ opposes, contradicts: doirbh leis an gcorp cor 'n-a aghaidh, Dán Dé xix 3 . doreir baramhla na ndaeine nglic nach fuil cur ina agaid accamsa `to which I do not object', Maund. 157 . gan ar breith do neach dhíobh freasabhra ná cur 'n-a aghaidh, Keat. iii 102 . ro chuir ina acchaidh a aindliccheadh ┐ a eccóir fair `upbraided him', AFM vi 1972. 10 . do-icc i n-a.¤ : na tecait i n-agaid in rechta atharda, IT i 170.9 . ní fetar teacht a n-agaid chainti an chumachtaigh sin, TTebe 1075 . tāinic O . . . . i n-a aghaidh sin O. disputed that, ML² 612 .

(d) for (with FRI, I N-): iasg i n-aibhnibh re a aghaidh `for him the fish fill the rivers', Aithd. D. 36.3 . aingeal re haghaidh gach aoin, Dán Dé xxiii 3 . dogēn-sa in cētna at agaid I shall do the same for you, ZCP xiii 181.z . i n-aghaidh mo dhísle dhuid / m'ḟaghail is tríbhse tánuig in return for, TD 14.37 .

(e) for the purpose of (with FRI, LA): fri agad bretha ┐ cocerta, Dinds. 18 ( RC xv 412.15 ). aingeal re haghaidh smachta an angel to correct (Michael), Dán Dé xiv 4 . fri h-aighid a biata `to prepare food for them', MR 50.18 . go mbeittis i náon ionadh re hacchaid báis an fhior-naoimh, BNnÉ 273 § 246 . lé haghaidh Somhairle do cennsucchadh, AFM v 1820.12 .

(f) on the point of, about to (with FRI and vn.): atámúid re hadhaigh catha do chur we are about to give battle, Ériu v 190.480 . do bí M. . . . le haghaid sil éorna do chur, BNnÉ 232 § 146 . re haiged techta duinne cum in gleannasa `before we entered', Maund. 257 .

(g) as an offset to, corresponding to, instead of, etc. (with I N-): ro badur bessa ac na mnáib sin a n-aghaid mathusa na fer sin as a counterpart to, Acall. 7310 . cid fodera foimeilt in ferainn do dul a n-aghaigh na eineclainni annsin? `what is the reason that the use of the land goes (is set) against the honor price in that case?' Laws iv 258.1 Comm. 'na aigid sin in compensation for that, TTebe 1633 . Aed mac T. do athrigad . . . ┐ Aed mac F. do rigad doib ina adaig in his place, Ann. Conn. 1350.9 . luagh i n-aghaidh th'anshóigh, Dán Dé xii 12 . bliadhain i n-aghaidh na h-uaire a maireann an t-éiclips uirre féin a year for every hour, Corp. Astron. 158.4 . i n-aghaidh a ndearna dhóibh / do shaothar is do sheanmóir in return for, Dán Dé xi 24 .

(h) In Laws in phr. ar a a.¤ féin on one's own, in one's own right: ara aigid fen a ænur, CIH vi 2281.13 (Uraicecht Becc) . no ara aigidh fein, UR 102 § 2.11 . o bus orgain airlechta in druith ar a aigid fein a aenar, cin adhbar, cin bidbanas `of his own accord', iii 158.8 . a lan dic ar a aighidh fein, 244.y. eneclann don triur is uaisli bis and ar a naigid uodein `on their own account', i 164.21 . .x. samaisci ar a n-aigid bodein `at their own natural value', v 66.28 .

IV In adverbial phrases.

(a) a.¤ i n-a. (FRI, AR, DO etc.) face to face (with). atáit dá clar-cisdi mora ann in n-agaid a n-agaid, Todd Nenn. 94.x . ragab tilaig agid i n-agid dona sluagaib, TBC-LL¹ 4557 . agid fri agid is Glenn Mamra directly facing, Rawl. 73a31 = is and ata sein aigid d'aigid fri glend Mambra, BB 6a9 . ag feitheamh na Tríonnóide aghaidh ar aghaidh face to face, Ó Héodhusa 54.16 . In Laws Comm. of things set off against each other: a da nindlighedh aghaidh inaghaidh, Laws ii 140.12, 78.29, i 114.5 .

(b) ar a.¤ forward, ahead: buille air aghaidh a step forward, Donlevy vi 19 . do chum gnothuighe móra ar nanama do chur air aghaidh `to help on the great affair of our salvation', 444.19 . ag dul ar aghaidh going forward, TSh. 10793 . Sometimes with poss. referring to subj. of prec. vb. toircidh . . . ar bar n-aghaidh, `right a head', Cog. 86.14 . triall do b'áil ar a haghaidh, Aithd. D. 81.2 . ara aghthib ┐ ara culaib forwards and backwards, CCath. 3612 .

(c) In Laws Comm. do a.¤ , for a.¤ of improper motion of flail: in cet sceinm do leth da aghaidh forwards, Laws iii 222.8 Comm. ata leth aithgin ann for a aighidh when it slips forward, y. noco naithfegtar acht aighidh nama account is taken only of slipping forward, 224.2 .

Compds. With adjj.: abach . . . agedban, CCath. 4099 . occlaech . . . agedchain fairfaced , CCath. 6026 . Aeneas . . . fer imlethan aideadhdherg red-faced , BB 427a50 . gach inad uiscidhe, agaid-fhliuch flooded , MR 256.15 . da óclach . . . agaidhgeala, TBC-LL¹ 4346 v.l. in allchnocoip agadlethnaibh broadfaced, CCath. 5634 . ind fir athlaim agedmóir broad-faced , LL 20345 . With noun: dá lethantrosdán . . . ag imachar a haighedhcnám front bones (shin-bones?), Caithr. Thoirdh. 104.y .


Cite this: eDIL s.v. aicce or
Last Revised: 2013


n , f.

(a) nearness, proximity: a.¤ ab accula (leg. accola , Meyer, ZCP xiii 185 ), O'Mulc. 13 . ?rom gab B. . . . cucai for aicci (aicti v.l.) a treibe cor ferad mo théchtae oca because of the nearness of his people(?), Comp. CC 29.12 ( LU 10289 ) (cf. 1 aicde?). In phrase i n-aicci near, beside: his i nn-accai muilenn echtránd no beitis co bráth, Trip.² 2456 . co mbeth mís i n-acci cech fir díb, LL 315b53 . a naici a namat gl. a namait naici, 393a44 . eirigh ar h'ech ┐ cuir in t-ech maith-so a t'aici `take . . . beside thee', ZCP vi 73.34 . airc an Tighearna . . . ┐ an cófra do bhí na haice, 1 Sam. vi 15 . ceiltear neimh glaice gonta / libh i n-aice th' óghachta `in presence of thy virginity', Aithd. D. 59.32 . aice .i. i n-aice. Acall araice Teamhair .i. in aice Teamhrach atá, O'Cl. See ar-aicci. besides, in addition to: geanmnaidheacht i n-aice umhla, PBocht i 6 . is beag an tiomsughadh laidhnea fhoghnus a n-aice an bhromurruis nadurtha very little Latin suffices if added to . . ., 23 I 1, 109 .y . guin an chló do-chuaidh 'n-a throighidh / trom re híoc i n-aice ar ngníomh, DDána 30.11 . ? Also ina aicci in a short while (?): níba hannsae duit són … ’na aicci 'that will not be difficult for you [to know] presently' Immrama 50.837 , ZCP xxxii 121 . With follg. LA: nec[h] ris ar b[f]iu each do breith inaci leis who thought it worth while to bring a led horse with him, Cog. 132.11 . As adv.: ech acam dúib i n-aicce `I have a horse for you hard by', Metr. Dinds. iii 454.49 .

(b) fosterage: hore is na n-aicci atái since it is fostered with them that thou art (`near them', Thes., see O. Ir. Par. and Glosses, 3rd and 4th edd., Vocabulary), Wb. 5b27 . altrom a meic eter [t]heora a.¤ , BDD² 105 . atnoad (ailed, v.l.) Conchubur . . . ol is cét-a.¤ Finnchóem, Comp. CC 8.17 (text?). icht aicce (.i. gnim) ar iss i n-aicci bis in descipul icon aidi, Auraic. 1112 (cf. ZCP xvii 289.21 ) = Corm. Y 88 . bi a mic inmhuin . . . i n-aice do braithrech co mba seitrech (a dying father to his youngest son), LL 386b24 . atat dano da mbaegal naltrama baegal donn athair dia rogha laim dia mac iarna tabairt i naice corop altar manip deithberus, H 3.18, 19aw . dianduca as cin dethbeirus nimbera isin naice sin aitherrach, z. aice .i. aiti nó altrum, ut est urail coimperta i sóaici sochrait . . . ┐ aderr fos trian n-airir i tres n-aici, O'Dav. 137 . aici .i. ucht, ut est conad ragbad mac nó ingen de asa aici, 63 . log na haici, O'Curry 1989 (H 4.22, 25). aice .i. oileamhain, O'Cl.


Cite this: eDIL s.v. aicill(n)e or
Last Revised: 2013


, f. Vn. of ad-gíall(n)a. base clientship . Used of the status of a `céle' who has received `rath' (stock) from a lord and has thereby entered into relations of dependence, being entitled to the lord's protection and on the other hand bound to render him certain service (frithgnam), Thurn. ZCP xiv 336 . Cáin Aigillne, name of a law tract, ZCP xiv 338 § 1 ( Laws ii 222 ). cain aigillne ┐ giallnu. Cid do-slí? Ni hannsa: seoit turcluide ┐ tuircrec besa airceanna, ib. aiggillne .i. auggugīallne .i. ō dorat in fer sét taurchloithe dialaile .i. lōg a enig ar airitin sēt ūad ar bēs n-airc[h]endchaige, is ugga dō īarom gīallae dond fir sin ┐ airitiu sēt ūad ar bēss n-airchenda, Corm. Y 81 . aigillne .i. céillsine no óglachas, O'D. Suppl . (H. 2.15, 61a). cain aicillne .i. riaghail uca ceilsine inn daerraith, Laws i 40.22, 48.29 Comm. rath naicillni .i. ced gialla, ar ni aperar aigillni acht do ced gialla nama, O'Curry 874 ( H 3.18, p. 392b ). atait secht flathe . . . na dlegait techta saer-giallna na a.¤ na riarus feibe, Laws v 358.2 . secht ngraid flatha, flaith fria haicillni . . ., 24.10 . ?atait secht n-anfolaid fofuaslaicet udhburta in domain . . . a cor fri aicille, a tabairt i nduais filed . . ., 128.16 . sencleithi aicille, i 226.24 Comm. In concrete sense of the persons in such relations to a lord: atait secht mbeoscartha do flathib ┐ a n-aiccillnib imis-fuaslaice[t] dligid do coraib of lords and their unfree clients, ZCP xiv 383 § 48 ( Laws ii 312 ). imscarad do-tluigi(g)t[h]er flaith fri aigillni which the lord requests from the unfree client, ZCP xiv 385 § 50 (318). imscarad fri hanmolta aicgillne mad anfoltach in cele frisin flaith because of the bad behavoiur of the unfree client, 387 § 53 (324). ad-mestar cert ┐ coir, fīr ┐ dliged, cumthus ┐ córus cacha flatha fīre fria huile aicillne (aicille v.l.) is to be reckoned according to the number of all his clients(?), ZCP xi 95 § 51 . flaith . . . dligid side a oigréir dia aigillib, O'D. 2234 (Nero vii, 156a). deabaidh itir di aigillne, O'Curry 473 ( H 3.18, p. 247 ) (`two bodies of tenants', Plummer MS. notes).


Cite this: eDIL s.v. aidbligid or
Last Revised: 2019


Forms: aidbliugud

v (adbal) enlarges, increases: ro hai[d]bligedh in t-ár, Fianaig. 90.3 . aibhlighther cor ghobh Maccon in domhan `it is boasted', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 4.1 . an muir uaine nochan aidhbhligh (MS nocha naiblig) | a dtéid uainne d'aibhnibh inn 'all the rivers that leave us and flow into the green sea do not increase it', Giolla Brighde 244 § 31​​ . Vn. aidbliugud.


Cite this: eDIL s.v. aidbred or
Last Revised: 2013


Forms: aidbreda, aidhbriudha, aidhbridh

n u and o, [m.] Vn. of ad-fíri, g s. aidbreda, O'D. 1631 (H. 5.15, 17a). aidhbriudha, 2423 ( Rawl. B. 506, 55a ). aidhbridh, O'Dav. 111 . For the meaning act of publicizing, drawing attention to see Ériu xx 62 . act of suing, claiming: nech nád cumangar do aidbriud nó do díriuch `who cannot be sued', Ériu ii 208 § 27 . aidbriudh .i. agra, ut est eitiri rig, ar ní cach is tualaing a aidhbridh .i. a agra, O'Dav. 111 . ar ni tualaing nech acrai na aidbriudai domnaig, Anecd. iii 23.9 . es coitchend di cech oen a aidbriud ┐ a tobach, 3 . is fo līn n-aidbriudui tēid an fiach-so do neuch dib dodboing, 22.20 . ni bi aidbriud carud no coibdelchae mani acrai . . . cen dīc[h]ill, 21 . diamat do fir in aidbreda no léicfithea a imdénma, O'D. 1631 (H. 5.15, 17a). ac a.¤ a sét ac duine is isli inás, 1632 (ib.). uar aidhbriudha, 2423 ( Rawl. B 502 , 55 a). in sét aidhbriudha the `sét' which is the subject of a claim, 2418 (ib.). in bó aidbriudha, Laws ii 42.17 Comm. mana ti aidhbred, iv 236.11 Comm. bera aidbriudh taidhbi cor `a suit will set aside an unfair contract', 268.15 Comm. in neimidh uil acon aidbredh, v 216.10 Comm. aidhbriugh .i. indilsiugud ut est ar ni haidbriugh for foth(?) forlengar for dilsi, Ériu xiii 54 § 1 = O'Dav. 941 . Cf. aidbriudh .i. inndilsiugud, ut est aidbriudh molta .i. inndilsiugud, O'Dav. 56 . aes aidbredha ainme for incaibh ind rig, Laws i 72.29 ; 'people who would publicize the blemish on the king's face,' Bretha 62 = arna beth druth na hoinmid ann arna toirbeitis a ainme ina inchaib, Ériu xvi 38 § 7 ; 'lest they should taunt him with the blemish in his face' Bretha 62 . ar aithbriuth a anmae, O'Curry 64 ( H 3.18, 23a ). is lethiu enech ríg aidbriud `for a king's honour is wider than any claim', Triads 235 . aidbris . . . in claideb ┐ dorigni tecta n-adbriuda occa he made their claim according to law, IT iii 200 § 65 . cen guin gan aibriud gan atgabail, BB 370b36 . óenach . . . / cen chron cen aidbriud cen dáil, Metr. Dinds. iv 150.59 . ? for ar dianarlib / Dia dom aidbresa (adhbred-sa, aithbresa v.ll. , ZCP x 345.z ) / Crist dom ditisea, LU 1165 . aidhbriudh .i. cronughadh, O'Cl. Drawing attention to a blemish and thus shaming the victim in public Bretha 62 : coirpdiri cacha cneidi cacha aidbrida co rici ocht naidbridha dec cen etirimdibe baill ┐ ma ta eitirimdibe baill is a.¤ ar fichit, Laws iii 346.5 Comm. in rann othrusa no aithgina uil and is ar oenach reithes no ar tri haidbredaib ┐ nucon ar daigin tuba na hainme do rine fer aidbrida a iarfaigid and, 19 Comm. mas ar aidbriudaib is ar da aidbriud dec ┐ ma ta imdibe baill is ar .u. dec rethis, O'Curry 232 ( H 3.18, 126 ). la set cach aidbriuda ima ruide rus 'a sét for every advertisement for which [his] cheek blushes ' Bretha 40 § 31 .

1 áige

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 áige or


Forms: ága(e)

n also ága(e). n., Críth G. Vocab . m., IGT Decl. § 2 . joint, member, part of the body: cach mball ┐ cach n-alt . . . ┐ cach n-áge, LU 6445 (TBC). cech n-alt ┐ cech n-aighe dhe, RC xiii 5.11 . corbó lán cech n-alt ┐ cech n-ága and dia grád, TTr.² 492 . fail sund á.¤ do churp ríg, Metr. Dinds. iii 190.1 . na fer fogla fri haga . . . .i. an gae do denum fri a memru, O'Curry 454 ( H 3.18, 242a ). cor trascair M. . . . coro scor i mminagib, LU 6721 . ní ricfad acht do chnámi mintai ┐ t'aigi fodailte arís dochum longphuirt, TBC-LL¹ 1856 . co ro-cuir úad i n-a n-ágaib minta, CRR 50 § 47 ( LL 10029 ). condaralsat é na ágib, LL 22396 . nambrethed i n-aigib, Dinds. 42 ( RC xv 433 ). roscáil a chnáma 's a chorp / ruc cach n-ága co hard-phort, Metr. Dinds. iii 372.78 . ni roan don beist conderna aighedha fogalta feolscaeilti di, Grail 2040 . gerraidh a cuirp ┐ doní aighedha ega dibh, Stair Erc. 2314 . ?gur fhobair aghaidh fhoghladh ┐ fheolsgaoilte do dhenamh de (of a young bird attacked by the mother bird), Celt. Rev. x 138.26 . ní faca ball nā aidhi di cen crechta, Grail 1776 . ciat imdha ágha mo chuirp . . . biaidh cell im gach n-ágha díbh, ZCP xii 391.14 . ar lár gach áighe . . . dhíom, DDána 42.16 . Of a joint of meat: míach . . . fri haithchumba[e] n-á.¤ dia chethrai, Críth G. 190 . no rannad cech n-ágae cona chlaidiub, TBFr. 126 . trí haige bruithi and, Laws i 48.2 Comm. creic aige carrnu i n-a tech, v 284.30 . tuc ága ar cach mbir fosech, RC vii 300.159 .

2 áige

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 áige or


Forms: ága(e)

n also ága(e) io, m. Perh. same word as 1 á. post, prop, pillar: braga .i. bir-āga. āige ainm bir, Corm. Y 161 . aighe .i. sail no gabhal, O'Cl. dún . . . dorus umaide fair ┐ ágai umaidi and, LU 1793 . bertais . . . inna hágu umaidi, 1799 . cach aga cach airenach (of the Tech Midchuarda), LL 3704 . Extended uses. Of a person: cach óen nad beir genelach cosna cethrib agaib arddaib seo .i. co Niall la Hu Nēill, co hEochaid Mugmedoin etc., Rawl. 140b28 . imme, maith in taighe, / suides flaith cech tiri (of the king of Tara), Ériu v 232.16 . ba háge immairic cach fer dib seo pillar of battle, LU 1602 ( IT ii2 214.52 ). ?dal armairc gan all n-āighi / as tairgsin āirmhe ar nionaibh, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919 v 93 § 33 . inmain áighe sútt `beloved chief', BColm. 36.16 . Frequ. in Fél. of saints: Pól apstol, ard áge, Fél. Prol. 119 (.i. calma, Fél.2, where Stokes suggests reading colma. Hence aighe .i. calma, O'Dav. 69 , O'Cl. citing Fél.). Benedict balc áge (: Árne), March 21 (.i. tuir, ib.). Pátraic prímdae áge, Nov. 2. comdíre do rig ┐ epscop ┐ agu rechta litre ┐ suid filed an authority in literary matters, ZCP xvi 175 § 4 . age rechta dilgetha .i. int og-ae aca mbi dirgidetu dilgeda, in fer leiginn .i. sai chanoine, Ériu xii 12.2 . a.¤ fine head of the family: cor focerdcar (leg. -tar) seach aga fine ada cora do beith oga, Laws iv 60.12 . co tuca cach a cond .i. a aige fine, i 80.29 Comm. leth coibche cach ingine dia haighe fine, iii 314.9 Comm. a.¤ réire judge: aighe rere .i. brethem, O'Dav. 19 . aighe réire ag breith fírbhreath (glossed aighe .i. sail no gabhal; réire .i. aosda .i. sail sheanoirde re breitheamhnas), Hard. ii 294.8 . Of a high place: fil dam aichne áige . . . benn B., Metr. Dinds. iv 70.1 . rodharcbla . . . isi cric domídigear rosc ┐ adsuighaidter criche frisin, ma rofeisear in da aighe derba bidé iman raind sin `this is the district estimated by the eye, boundaries are defined by these if the two certain heads which are to this division be known' (i.e. the eye fixes the boundary if two points of it remain i.e. by running a straight line between these points), Laws iv 144.5 Comm. is ed tainic a n-aige ┐ a n-ardde ant srotha co rochuired uadha na cairci commora, TTebe 3623 (Ed. takes as 1 aige). aighe .i. cnoc, O'Cl.


Cite this: eDIL s.v. áilges or


Forms: á-, ailgess, ailgis, ailgais, algis, algais, hālgese, algessi, algaisse, ailgeasa, t-álgas, áilgi[o]s, algiusa, ailciusa, alghusa, álghais

n ā, f., later (?) u and o, m. The meaning and earlier inflection are against analysis as deriv. of álaic (cf. Desid. Gloss.) though the rhyming exx. ( Metr. Dinds. iii 62.107 and bardic verse passim) indicate long á-. The length-mark is not usual in early exx., and Heldensage 69 , on the basis of Corm. Y 62 , takes as compd. of 2 ail and geis `Schimpf-Bitte' (note that geis in general sense of request is poorly attested). Desid. Gloss. suggests compd. of áil and geis. In later verse with unlen. -g-, as shown by the rhymes quoted infra.

As ā, f. n s. ind ailgess , Corm. Y 62 . a s. ailgis, Thes. ii 339.5 . ailgais, 47 . algis (: Pictavis), Fél. Jan. 13 . algais, LU 9727 . g s. na hālgese , ZCP ix 449 § 2 . algessi (: deissi), Metr. Dinds. iii 138.18 . algaisse, Folklore iii 503 § 40 . n p. ailgeasa, Laws v 352.1 .

As o and u, m. n s. in t-ailges , Laws i 300.12 Comm. in t-álgas (: thángas), DDána 7.36 . a s. áilgi[o]s (: fáidli[o]s), Metr. Dinds. iii 62.107 . g s. algiusa, LU 2809 . ailciusa, LB 155b16 . alghusa, Desid. 6523 . álghais (: ccais, leg. chais, ed.), O'Hara 3180 .

(a) In legal sense demand, request (usually made by poet): ailgess . . . .i. geis guide, ┐ is ar ail didiu nammā doberar in gude sin, nī har a molad. sechtmad dano lōge enig indī cosa connegar ind algess; is ī ind ailgess tēchta, Corm. Y 62 (cf. Heldensage 69 cited above). ni diles in t-ailgeis do berar don file ar eagla aoire, O'D. 541 ( H 3.17, c. 434 ). tri ruidles ollaman ailges ┐ anamhain ┐ glaimh dicend, O'D. 2319 ( Rawl. B. 506 , 33b2 ). ailges do ceanduibh an extempore demand, O'D. 2208 (Nero A vii fo. 144a). atait secht n-ailgesa breithe la Feine .i. secht n-oll-geisi no secht is tairmisge ar in mbrethemain, Laws v 352.1 . in tailges dligthech .i. ris in ti na damann dlighedh do iar tabairt ailgesa air, i 300.12 Comm. ini gellus in ben tar cenn a heinig .i. in ailges indligthech, v 216.5 Comm.

(b) General sense (importunate) wish or request: in clam gáde ailgis (.i. a itge) dí, Thes. ii 339.5 (Hy. v). ni dlegar dím acht oenailgis isind losa, RC iii 179.6 . tar ēsse na halgese forfuirmis the boon thou hast requested, ZCP ix 449 § 2 . trí hailgesa (haisgeadha v.l.) étúalaing `three impossible demands', Triads 113 . In special phrases. gaibid a.¤ DE: demands: co rragbat algis dia gaibseom . . . atá i tairṅgere dia gaiseom rí do marbad de mani gabthar algis de let them demand his spears, LL 13941 . Crechmael drúth Énnae . . dorochair and oc gabáil algessi do ingin macdacht through desiring a girl, 22255 . rogabsat na mná ailgis do Chonchobur, 14328 . rogab algais de im athchuingid fair demanded a request of him, LU 9727 . Cridenbél Cáinte gaphais algas dim . . . im na tri mirionn as dech dim cuibrind demanded of me the three . . ., RC xii 64 § 27 . tarla clamha dhó . . . gabhsat ailgius de cu tart a chasal doibh, Lism. L. 2389 . gnim nailgesa .i. á.¤ do gabail de tre ngnim ndraighechta, O'Curry 457 ( H 3.18, 243a ) (ref. to geis in sense of magic). do-beir a.¤ FOR demands of: is e dorat algais for F. `who made demand of F.', Folklore iii 469.5 . tobert ailges forsind rīg im ḟeis laiss, Anecd. iii 57.7 . fo-ceird a.¤ FOR: íarna chur do feraib Herend algiusa fair immo fis cáit ro adnacht D. after the men of Ireland had requested of him to know, LU 2809 . ro laisi trá fo deoid algis fair sium co tudchad for aithed léi she begged him to elope with her, 2930 . do cor algusa for Lucc ōn `this was a challenge to Lugh', RC xii 78 § 72 . As quasi vn. oc a.¤ FOR: og áilghes fair importuning him, Hugh Roe² 78.6 (fo. 20b) . ro gabsat ic saint ┐ ac ailcius debtha for Troiandu, BB 429b20 .

(c) strong desire, wish: tercci in bíd ┐ met a ailciusa and the greatness of their appetite, LB 155b16 . gan ailges bīdh gan bethaid mēth, ZCP viii 231.21 . cor-gab saínt ┐ ailgius catha . . . na curaid, TTebe 2610 . acht gníther tol ┐ áilgius ┐ accobur Priaim and, LL 229b 44 ( TTr. 932 ). ar accobor ┐ ar ailgius leo na timna . . . diadha do comhallad, Lism. L. 3312 . na neithe da ttabhratais lucht aingcisi . . . miana ┐ áilghesa, BNnÉ 128.28 . re h-ailgius na h-ingabala eagerness to escape, MR 318.25 . ó uile ālghas do chroidhi with all thy heart, Desid. 4819 . ní dáilghes a hionnmhais, AFM v 1652.5 . tic algis . . . on croidhi appetitus, Ériu ix 64.29 . mé gan m'álghas d'iongabhail (: rángas), Dán Dé xxii 16 . ní don bhaile do bhí m'álgus (: fhágbhus), L. Cl. A. B. 83.43 . an t-álgas fhuair an bhean / uaim, DDána 7.36 . damh fa álgus a oirimh (: fádghlas), IGT Decl. ex. 1319 . fa álgas ḟir m'ḟiadhaighthi (: tángas), ex. 1292 . Note also: re frepta do liaig .i. in re bis in ailges `the time that he is in illness', Laws v 308.y Comm. áilgheas `the dysentery', Celtica vi 68 .


Cite this: eDIL s.v. ailithre or


Forms: oilirthi, eilithre, oilrithi, oilithre, oirithli

n , f. (ailithir). Also oilirthi, eilithre, oilrithi. oilithre ( oirithli .l.) f., IGT Decl. § 3 . pilgrimage: in eilithri `in pilgrimage', Ml. 137b7 . d'adamraib set na-da-gaibet . . . a n-a.¤ , Laws v 406.22 . a.¤ ┐ ni do gres acht fri re mbec do pendait nama, i 196.6 Comm. ar lar Ia na a.¤ , Rawl. 163a23 . é ag triall oilithri do'n domhan mhór, Ériu i 98.3 . do lucht na hailitrí, Rosa Angl. 62.y . dorinde se oilirthi inmolta in domun (sic) co cathraigh Iarusalem, ZCP vi 85 § 37 . gleann na ndéar . . . is crádh liom m'oilithre ann, DDána 45.3 . téit (or other vb. of motion) IN-, DO, a.¤ goes on pilgrimage: ar digail tairmthechta rechta Dæ luid in ailithri, Ml. 74b5 . fear ro scara frisin domun .i. teit i n-a.¤ , Laws v 234.z Comm. fir . . . consla i nailithri, i 298.20 Comm. dodeochad im ailithri, LU 1839 . dochóid dia ailithri do Róim, Ériu ii 202 § 20 . tánic dia ailithri, LU 2785 . ag dula da n-oilrithi, RC xiv 38 § 34 . do roichet sunn sochaide / dá noilithre ar Dhia, SG 153.24 . As quasi-vn.: ac oilithre ar fud in domain mōir `wandering', ZCP iii 32.37 . Of the retirement of a person to a monastery (see also under bachall): cor' cuirset Cormac i lLes Mór a noilithri, RC xviii 49.25 (Tig.). Derbail . . . do éc a n-ailithri a Cluain maic Nóis, 272.18 . D. . . . d'iontogha ó'n tsaoghal go Corcaigh i n-oilithre, Ériu i 103 § 67 . fogebthai oilithri ┐ áigidhecht sunn entertainment given to pilgrims(?), RC xxvi 160.23 .


Cite this: eDIL s.v. ailiugud or
Last Revised: 2013


vn. formation from 2 ail. act of reproaching, blaming: cor himraided a a.¤ trit-sin `it was proposed to accuse him on that account', Fél. 40.18 . [a]liudh (ailiúgh, v.l.) leam chroidhe!, Celtica iv 107 § 4 .


Cite this: eDIL s.v. aillsiu or


Forms: aillse

n n, f. Later aillse , f. See O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 144-5 and Vendr. Lex. sore, tumour, abscess: amal tuthle nó ailsin gl. cancer, Wb. 30b13 . a bean con aillsin duibeogaing, IT iii 102 § 185 . canncer .i. aillsi, Rosa Angl. 172.19 . ailse a canker , Eg. Gl. 685 . mac claime ni comail máthair ar nach ruille aillse uaithi .i. ar na rolena loissi oll na claime uaithi, O'Dav. 1364 . cor' gab aillse fo muinel, RC xvii 138.33 . doronai allse ina etan, Anecd. i 9.16 . aillsi robai for T., Lism. L. 4843 . dorattsomh an boban frisan aillsi bai for gruaidh . . . et rolen an aillsi don clucc, Irish Texts iii 21 § 19 . a gcrechtuibh na haillsi, 23 Kings 42. 70.5 . na cnámhaillsi . . . rē chnes, ML² 1126 . mar aillsi ag snámhchnaoi, Desid. 4849 . In phr. bainne aillsi: bainde aillsí, BB 66b21 . co roibi baindi aillsi fora munel, YBL 171b18 . an tiarla . . do écc . . do bainne aillsi ro gabh ar a chois `ulcer', AFM iii 24.10 . Note also: geibid . . . cnocc aillsi (cnocca. ?) for muneol blister, SG 416.9 ( LL 274a19 ).

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