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1 amlaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 amlaid or dil.ie/3145

 

later form of 1 samlaid.

(a) Frequently replacing O. Ir. amail with demonstr. (cf. O. Ir. amail ṡodain s.v. 1 suide, amal sin, PH 116 ), giving adv. phrase a.¤ sin, a.¤ so thus, so (both words being stressed in syll. verse: coimhéadaidh Aodh amhlaidh sain: Murbhaigh, DDána 75.6 ). The meaning varies between the literal in that (this) way and the more general thus, so, accordingly, then: blíadain don chúiciud a.¤ sin, MU² 29 . do rad min aire is amlaich sin cech día `so every day', Mon. Tall. 147.11 (§ 52) (is a.¤ perh. for samlaid, cf. cach [la] gabal tra issuidiu araile hisesam is a.¤ canitir in pater gebesim i forciund cacha gabala, 140.4 ). co rochet . . . a.¤ sin tarsin nglend, LU 2154 ( FA 22 ) (amal sin, v.l., IT i 185.20 ). ni a.¤ sin ba-sa, TBC-LL¹ 49 . roḟata atám a.¤ -seo, 3549 . conid a.¤ sin fuair bas, RC xxiv 186.8 . mar theid . . . is amlaidh sin docuaid E., Stair Erc. 497 . an amhluidh sin remain in that posture, Parrth. Anma 4425 . in tan tra batar a n-oen inad a.¤ -sin, PH 15 . is ecen co n-icthar cech ní . . . a.¤ -so, 7538 . go ngialldaois dó amhlaidh sin, TSh. 3074 . In greeting: a.¤ sin a Mess Gegra, ar Conall. ató sund ar M., LL 13503 . a.¤ sin, ol in gilla. Is a.¤ eigin, ol si, RC xxiv 196.23 .

(b) Replacing O. Ir. samlaid thus, so: duine do thenid 's do thalmain / fuine deighḟir a.¤ hī, ACL iii 242 § 7 . dogentar a.¤ `so shall it be done', RC xxiv 200.23 . sechtmain . . . bói a.¤ , Arch. Hib. ii 70 § 7 . do marbhadh meisi led mharbhnaidh / marbhnadh deisi amhlaidh í, IGT Decl. ex. 582 . ionmhuin le Dia í amhlaidh, DDána 99.23 . Brought forward with copula: meise is amhlaidh do hionnarbadh, Dán Dé xvi 2 . an corp ní hamhlaidh do b'áil, xxiii 7 . amhlaidh budh fhearr gach itche, iv 28 . ní amlaidh do rála dhó `it did not so turn out for him', TFrag. 242.1 . Note also: amhail na eirghedh C. air, as amhlaidh ro eirghe M. . . . dó as C. would not rise against him, therefore, TFrag. 242.3 .

Hence as quasi-adj.: cian ó bhaois airrdhe amhlaidh such a sign, DDána 99.39 . díoth amhlaidh `many a like destruction', TD 18.29 .

With follg. explanatory clause: is a.¤ domel C. a ḟlaith: a trian ind lāi oc dēcsain na macraidi etc. this is how etc., TBC-I¹ 369 ( LU 4858 ). is a.¤ ro buí side Cú Ch. rotan-ail, MU² 166 . is a.¤ táncatar, cach briugu cona bantuilg etc., 195 . is a.¤ tra canithsom na salmu. Randaich (leg. rannaid, Ed.) cach caocad hi cethair `he sings the psalms as follows,' Mon. Tall. 139.9 . a.¤ itá in rí go rath / gan deiredh is gan tosach, ZCP viii 114.4 .

With .i.: is a.¤ dognithe in tarbfes sin .i. tarb find do marbad . . ., LU 3450 ( SCC 23 ). is a.¤ so tra ro-foired . . . .i. téidm ┐ plaig . . ., PH 371 . is amlaidh ro buí C. .i. fodhmoir romor, Stair Erc. 762 .

With OCUS: is a.¤ dognítis sin ┐ a claidib fora slíastaib this is how they did that, with their swords etc., LU 3234 (sic MS. SCC 2 ). is a.¤ buí Cú Ch. ┐ comfhled mór ace, MU² 41 . is amlaidh do roine si in samugad sin . . . ┐ di cairigh a coraid ina laim, Laws iv 10.4 Comm. is amlaidh iarum ro geanair in mac sin ┐ duirb cecha lamha dó thus the boy was born, with a worm in each of his hands, RC vi 177.107 .

With CO N-: is a.¤ bui in chaillech comba duibithir gual cech n-alt . . ., RC xxiv 196.15 . amhlaidh chreidim . . . go dtibhre, Dán Dé xvi 6 . is amhloidh forcaomhnagair go ro taissealbadh, Fl. Earls 194.5 .

Occasionally indicating simultaneous action: is amlaidh adubhairt ┐ ro thogaib in libher `as he spoke he raised his club', Stair Erc. 806 . is amlaidh adubhairt ┐ tug ola neime di `as he said this he gave her a poisonous oil', 2286 . is amhlaidh adubhairt [┐ ?] tuc béim cloidhimh dh'A., SG 66.22 .

With virtual loss of meaning of a.¤ (as in spoken lang. Perh. also under some of preceding headings): ní fhuil cruth a mbearar ar .sh. nach amhlaidh as cóir úaim ria, IGT Introd. § 13 . is a.¤ tōgaibhthe do na nāimhdip bean uassal, Fl. Earls 48.16 . is amlaidh ro bui in cathair sin . . . a nglinn `and that city was in a valley', Stair Erc. 772 .

Wrongly for amail: a coibne coir comarda .i. amlaidh ro coibindtigedh etc., Laws iv 40.2 (text and Comm.).

1 cingid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cingid or dil.ie/9131

 

Forms: cinnid, rocindset, cindis, cingiu, c., cingith, -cing, cinges, cinces, ciṅges, cinnges, cengair, -cengur, cengar, cengmai, cingme, cenggait, cengait, ceṅgait, -cengat, cengta, cengtai, ceṅgtar, cinged, chinged, ro-chiṅged, cindtis, cingsiu, cind-siu, ciṅg, cing, ceingeth, ceis, ceis, ceset, ciasair, cessair, cessed, chessed, ceised, cesead, cesad, cichsi, cichseo, cichis, cichsithear, cicsimiu, cichsit, cichsett, cichsot, cichside, cichsed, cichtis, cechaing, chechaing, ceuchaing, ciuchaing, cheachaing, chighsiom, ciseadh, céimm

v later cinnid ( cinnit, LU 3598 ( SCC 30 ), rocindset, BB 47a15 . cindis, TBC-LL¹ 3777 ). For quality of root vowel see GOI 49 . Ind. pres. 1 s. cingiu, AFM i 330.16 . 3 s. c.¤ , LU 3830 ( SCC 37 ). 5732 . Laws i 10.26 . cingith, LU 6331 . -cing, Bruchst. 121 . Ériu i 122.22 . Rel. cinges, Cáin Ad. 26 . cinces, Ériu xvi 181 § 19 . ciṅges, Thes. ii 253.10 (Stowe Missal). cinnges, LU 8317 ( FB 23 ). Pass. cengair, Laws iii 26.15 . -cengur, i 266.6 . cengar, Auraic. 573 . Anecd. v 26.7 . 1 p. cengmai, ZCP xii 404.10 . Rel. cingme, LU 4704 . 3 p. cenggait, RC xx 138.13 . cengait, LU 6177. 2088 . ceṅgait, TFerbe 238 . -cengat, BB 260a61 . Rel. cengta, Metr. Dinds. ii 40.57 . cengtai, IT i 77.11 . Pass. ceṅgtar, LL 20148 . Impf. 3 s. cinged, Bruchst. 114 . no chinged , LU 8912 . ro-chiṅged, RC xxiv 176.24 . 3 p. no cindtis , Anecd. i 60 § 88 . Impv. 2 s. cingsiu, LU 5182 . cind-siu, TBC-LL¹ 3298 . ciṅg, MU² 51 . cing, O'Cl. 3 s. ceingeth, Thes. ii 248.6 . Subj. pres. 2 s. ro ceis , Rawl. 62b2 (see ZCP xxii 32 ). ? dian ceis , O'Curry 2273 ( Eg. 88, 20b ). Cf. aracae ? ?3 p. dian ceset , Laws iii 20.12 (cf. O'Dav. 505 ). Pass. s. ciasair, Cóic Con. 43.1 = cessair, ZCP xii 362.2 . Impf. 3 s. cessed, Corp. Gen. 282.y . no chessed , LU 6844 . na ro ceised , BB 205a1 . cesead, Todd Nenn. 144.1 . ? cesad, Ériu i 118 § 8 . fut. 2 s. cichsi, YBL 173b51 . SG 80.3 . cichseo, LL 13833 (see GOI 412 , Hull, Language xxiii 423 ). 3 s. cichis, Corp. Gen. 410.7 . LU 10372. 5506 . RC x 224.165 . Pass. cichsithear, O'Cl. 1 p. cicsimiu (leg. -mi, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 492 ), ZCP xii 404.10 . 3 p. cichsit, ZCP xiii 379.3 = cichsett, ZCP iii 463.y . cichsot, Ériu xvi 146.17 . ? Rel. cichside, Corm. 29.16 . Condit. 3 s. cichsed, LU 8298 ( FB 22 ). 8320 (20). 3 p. cichtis (for cichsitis ?), Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 10.1 . Pret. and perf. 3 s. cechaing, Fél. May 22 and passim. ro chechaing , Ériu iv 140.12 . go ceuchaing , Anecd. ii 54.14 v.l. ciuchaing, do cheachaing , O'Cl. Later with f-fut. and s-pret. Cf. chisigh, Ó Bruad. iii 164.11 . chighsiom, Content. xxii 8 . But these forms, as also Vn. ciseadh, IGT Verbs § 71 , may belong to a difft. word. Vn. céimm.

(a) steps, paces, proceeds, goes : ciṅgis C. co mbái etc., TBC-LL¹ 1947 . cechaing Corrgend . . . / co romarb Aed, Metr. Dinds. iv 102.3 . cing mál .i. cémnig . . . innas as dligthechu, LL 24294 ( RC xxvi 16 § 15 ). cechaing iarum C. co ro gab longphort oc Muaid `then he marched and pitched a camp by the Moy', RC xxiv 178.5 . ba C. costadach cindiustair, 282.2 . cingset ina ccath co ffi, Leb. Gab.(i) 216.17 . ín cet bean calma ro chínd / roghabh Banba ri nd(h)ilind (of Cesair), BB 22a11 . Cf. mōr līach rocēstar int ṡlūaig, Bruchst. 103 ( ro cecht ar an tsluaigh, AFM i 480.14 ). cingit, Auraic. 1287 .

(b) With Vn. céim in figura etymologica: cechaing céim as dírgu (of a saint), Fél. Mar. 20 . a Eochaid . . . arafolmaider ardchricha Cuind ciṅg ceim, Corp. Gen. 80.3 . rochinset a céim curad trod their victorious way, LL 14985 (`covenanted his chief champions', MacCarthy 178.9 = rocindset, BB 47a15 ).

With other nouns: cichis reím roirge ind rig, RC x 224.165 . mairg cingis in rēim rod-sain, ZCP vi 265 § 15 . fri cétchesad na conaire cengait (glossed tiagait), LU 2088 ( FA 15 ). conair cinnius in muadmacaem `wherefore does . . . come', MR 292.y . conad aire sin ro chinnesdair sin an treas lem luthmar lan-edrum, LL 410a13 . fichtibh curach / cechuing trichait / troichet cíabhat (of Colm Cille), ZCP viii 194 § 4 . cingis treabh Iūda . . . / in sēt n-ingantach, RC xxxvii 347 § 43 . Cland maic Cairne, cengta róe `who stride through the battle-field', Metr. Dinds. ii 40.57 = ceṅgtar, LL 2014 = ceang do rói, O'Cl. (cf. Hermathena xiv 471 ). déca a chairptiu cinnit glend, LU 3598 ( SCC 30 ). ra chindsem ceird comdana (Fer Diad to Cú Chulainn), TBC-LL¹ 3543 . cechaing thondaig tresaigh maghain mongaigh rónaigh (of Colm Cille), ZCP viii 197.5 .

(c) With prepp.: ceingeth ass, Thes. ii 248.6 . cach mac ina chinaid / c.¤ ar chel dies, Laws i 10.26 . c.¤ iarom for rindriis na mbera amal én, LU 5732 . Fear fí for caei cengustar, BB 380b9 . co Críst cechaing sathe (of saints), Fél. Jan. 25 . July 23 . co cóic sétu cingit, Laws iv 340.z . cechaing de sin D., Anecd. i 58 § 68 . de ilṡlúagaib cengat, LU 5476 = cengad, TBC-I¹ 999 . cengat cen chomfoirbb don chathrōi `let them march', Ériu vi 122 § 12 . nír chiṅg din tress, TBC-LL¹ 4047 . ro cingset [do]cum na sruth, CCath. 2573 . caidhe an sról do chinn fad chorp `that girt thy body', A. Ó Dálaigh xliv 7 . cech bradan . . . no chindedh suas frisin coraid , RC xxvi 136.27 . mo dá brattán cen terbba / cengta fri srotha sirti, Trip.² 1286 . diambad mé nochinged ind `when I was wont to wander thither', Metr. Dinds. iii 314.1 . cechaing 'sin báig / i ndáil dígla (of woman warrior), 184.24 . cechaing dias isan mag-sin, Anecd. i 53 § 25 . cingthe secha `he went past them', ZCP iii 212 § 24 . cingset seach tuind crichi / Frangcu, Todd Nenn. 132.9 . cichse a Temair tar fert a fert fogamraig, SG 79.w . cíndit tar cuan fatultaibh, IT iii 91.y . a arrad na holloirbe / tresacing cach caidh which all the pure climb (of Mary), Ériu i 122.22 .

With adverbs and adv. phrases: cechaing súas, Fél. Oct. 9 . cengsat na coin na díaidh (after a pig), Dinds. 74 ( RC xv 474 ). cengsat siar `they fared westward', Metr. Dinds. iii 4.33 . no cinged . . . fot n-aurchora on cathraig, LU 9136 ( FB 88 ).

(d) overcomes, surpasses, excels, exceeds, etc.: flaith fīal Finne / ro das cinne Níal cían Caille `overcame them', Arch. Hib. ii 61 § 42 ( LL 23658 ). cruimther cluana cáidh ro cinn excelled, SG 25.12 . Usually with prepp.: a mathuir na firinne / rocindis ar cach, Ériu i 122.16 . is é Crimthand chinnes ar cách / co fáth fuilech, LL 6468 ( dar cāch, RC xxxvi 263 § 18 ). ar cosnumh creach / cinnidh ar taoisech gach tuaithe, Magauran 3488 . ceand na ttreabh, treabh ar nār cind[e]adh dwelling never surpassed (of Heaven), ZCP xiii 13.25 . tigerna chinnes ar Dubán, CF² 1105 . a Dhé, go gcinnear orra, Measgra D. 78.12 . ro chinn an t-iolar ar uathadh the many defeated the few, AFM iv 996.15 . dias do Gaidilaib . . . do chind . . . do chach uli, Ann. Conn. 1281.4 . Corbbán, rochind for crábud `surpassing in piety', Metr. Dinds. iv 340.13 . ar chleith gCláire nír cinneadh / ar áille deich ndoinningean `unsurpassed for the beauty' (of chieftain), Magauran 4141 . cinnid for cach comlann `obtains the victory in every battle', MR 54.7 . ro chindsetar ar mnáib Eirenn a ndruineachus, Acall. 7311 . co ro cinnset a ccoimhrith foraiph (of horses racing), BNnÉ 325.32 . ra chind ar a chomdinib / im gáis im gasced im gart, TFerbe 641 . ri caisil do chínd os cach, BB 270a16 . Caiseal do chind os gach cind, 19. dochinn . . . tar gach aon, IT ii2 151.770 . ro chinned . . . dar triath bhuidnib togaidi in talman, MR 114.y . don chia rocing tar gach māl (.i. don fer do chēimnig tar gach file), ZCP v 489 § 13 (B. na f.).

comaithches

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comaithches or dil.ie/10690

 

Forms: comaithgess, comaigthes, comicheas, comaithchesa, comchesa, comaidhcis

n u, m. (comaithech). Also comaithgess, Trip.² 1671 . comaigthes, Hib. Min. 76 § 2 . comicheas, Laws v 462.19 . g s. comaithchesa, O'Curry 23 ( H 3.18, 10b ). comchesa, Laws i 272.y Comm. As o-stem comaidhcis, O'Curry 723 ( H 3.18, 346 ).

(a) neighbourhood relationship, legal situation of a comaithech, local community relations after land has been cleared and apportioned: bretha comaithchesa inso .i. c.¤ cangaibter a comorbus cenn congaibther c.¤ a comrainn selbha athar ar lín mac, O'Curry 23 ( H 3.18, 10b ). cid ara neibenar comaithces cumagnais andsin ? (sic leg.). arinni is comaith gnais caich diaraili do lomrad smachta ┐ cáiche; araili is comaithces arinni is cuma no do gaib aire fri aithech ┐ aircindech fri bachlach why is it called neighbourhood of equal association ? . . . otherwise it is neighbourhood because the nobleman takes it equally with the commoner, Laws iv 68.2 ff. (cf. O'Dav. 524 ). can forbeir coimaithces ? A ilchomarbus (sic leg.) . . . Conrandat comarba cetamus a randa ┐ a sealba ┐ imfen cach dib fri araile, ┐ dobeir cach dib diguin diaraile, 68.19 ff. cid dofet a comaices ? Dofet rand ime what takes precedence in c. ? 70.1 .i. comaircim cid is remthechtach isin aithechus cumaide, 5 Comm. co dentar coimaices ? Anrandtar aile ar treisi; ingaibtar aile ime dia cuicti; inforcindtar aile dia dechmaide; incomalltar og ime dia mis, 18 . a ui Chuinn, co roich comaithceas crich ? . . . Co mmuir co ruth, co romuir, co roilbhi, co ramut bidbad (i.e. the division of land extends as far as forest-land, sea, mountain etc.), ZCP xii 363.11 . comhaithches ann so: Nach tír ná techta díorainn do muigh, no sleibh . . . dlighidh urrann innibh . . . ┐ rod do ṡliabh . . . this is a rule of c.¤ , any holding that does not include a portion of uncultivated land and mountain is entitled to such a portion and to access to it, Ériu xiii 33.18 . ni tuailing breitheamnacht la Feine na fiastar tellach ┐ comicheas mbruigrechta, Laws v 462.19 . brithem beras breith coir eter da comaidech rofiastar teora delba comaidcesa .i. smacht ┐ aithgin ┐ cathaig three aspects of the law of neighbouring land-holding, ZCP xii 363.4 ( O'Curry 20 ). atait secht n-aile la feine a comaithces nad usa adrodmaither a ratha: tond aile, tracht aile . . ., Laws v 270.13 . atait secht n-oirgni a comaithces, nadcon tuillet smachta . . .: ag imsoi dia eol, ag fris'roscrad a chond . . ., 268.17 . do denam a cota don c.¤ duty of a `comaithech', ZCP xv 315.27 . cadiat smachta ime ┐ comaicesa ? Smachta ime, rama fri clais, soc fri coraid, biail fri dairime (comaithig who failed to fence their holdings were subject to the confiscation of their tools), Laws iv 72.1 . arindi do nairgella cach ara cethrai a coir comathcesa frisna cethri comaithchiu ata nesom immidbiat, i 260.10 .i. ro comilledh in athachus comuidh do reir coir, 274.25 Comm. slán cech comaithchius curthar gellaib every neighbourhood relationship is sound, PRIA xxxvi (1923) 309.3 ( Laws iv 340.22 ). ar ocht cethraib bite for comaidches .i. bai ┐ mucca, eich, cairigh, gabair, cercca, beich, geoidh (i.e. which `count' in the rules of c.), ZCP xii 363.7 ( O'Curry 20 ). cain comaidhcis, O'Curry 723 ( H 3.18, 346 ). beo-dili fine . . . ni fuil ni eistib, a cuairt comaicesa (i.e. no payment is due to anyone on cattle found straying within the territory held by the comaithig), Laws v 324.19 Comm. a fidh chomaithchesa woodland subject to c., O'Curry 1026 ( H 3.18, 432a ). ised is cinta comaithchesa ann, iní do dena re hoiledaib ┐ re hairbedaibh, re fer ┐ re arbar . . . offences against neighbouring landholders, Laws iii 186.1 Comm. nocho biaid comaithgess and in saeculum no settled occupancy(?), Trip.² 1671 . no is coimiches boi occu imon usqe (i.e. they had a right to the water such as would exist under the law of c.), Celtica iv 6.8 . ro baí imresain . . . im comhroinn ┐ im comhaightes a ccriche, AFM vi 2086.16 . Note also: ogṡaire na hecailse co brath, can ch.¤ sliged no cailled acht a bith i coi[t]chend . . . do cach Midiuch neighbourhood rights, Misc. Arch. Soc. 144.z .

(b) proximity, neighbourhood, occupation of adjacent territory; neighbourship; neighbourly relations : o sunn rancatar fodes / co Ioseph hi c.¤ , SR 3650 . comaithig . . . do M. Huī Māil ┐ ba holc . . . a chomaithcess doib (`neighbour- ship', Gloss.), Fing. R. 955 . dligid c.¤ caomclōdh, Anecd. iii 14.21 . ona borbaib barbardaib filet i c.¤ Gréc, LL 31207 ( TTr. 390 ). BB 416a25 . i lleth ri sruth Níl fodess / fri Affraic a comaidchess near(?), LL 16243 . Meoit ri hArmein aníar / i comaithchess nach rochian, 16267 . ba fae do cechta[r] de a comriachtain ┐ a comadces to encounter one another or to be in one another's proximity, Cog. 58.21 . Dall is Dorcha rís aneas/ri cromtha rí comaices, BB 351b44 . comhaithcheas .i. comharsanachd, O'Cl.

(c) strangeness, dissimilarity : ó chomaithcheas ┐ ó éxsamhlacht na ngalar `strangeness and variety', De Contemptu 1049 . Gramm.: gach táoibhréim úathaidh théid a coimhitheas (gcomoighthes v.l.) no is faide iná a ainm úathaidh which takes on a different form, IGT Decl. § 21 (75.17) . ó théid a ccomhuidheas tar a chruth féin, Introd. § 18 .

(d) estrangement, enmity : dogniter iarum comhaighthes friu ┐ diultad `unneighbourliness', Lism. L. 2898 . id bhrugh ní bhí coimhidheas / re duine do ṡíol Eabha, DDána 120.34 . táir ar gcoimheighthios cogoidh `our violent estrangement was a trifle', Studies 1921, 589 § 6 . dar gcora i gcomhuightheas `of setting us at enmity', Aithd. D. 65.21 . ní neamhoircheas / rí 's a chlann i gcomhaightheas `estranged', 7 . ? doberim mhe fein cen comaithes duid ┐ dena do bail fein dim, ZCP vi 49.2 (`without opposition'). is let-sa misi cen comait[h]us, 37.x . ? an grath (= .d) bes comhaitheas dia luighi, O'Curry 507 ( H 3.18, 257 ).

cora

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cora or dil.ie/12409

 

Forms: cothra, ccórann, cora, cara, -adh

n d, f. Also ca-. cothra, BLism. 108 rb37 . ? g p. ccórann, Bard. Synt. Tr. 236.16 . cora cara (ind éisc) f., IGT Decl. § 4 . c.¤ (na cléirech) f., g s. -adh, § 7 (cara proscribed form).

(a) stone fence, palisade, wall, row or serried rank (`the making a c.¤ round land (without objection) was evidence of title', Plummer MS notes). cara .i. clocha [ut est] fo cara Caiar .i. fo cairrgib, O'Dav. 384 . 498 . dar in coraid `beyond the fence', Laws iii 130.16 . ar clad no ar coraid `on a dyke or on a wall', 176.20 . clais c.¤ `a trench a stonewall', iv 72.5 . c.¤ tria liag a wall of three courses(?), 112.1 , see 21 Comm. in c.¤ . . . sé troighthi ina hairdi, 76.14 Comm. toraile .i. coradh cloch, O'Curry 839 ( H 3.18, 383 ). clas co corad .i. bís i comainci isin eclais gin légenn (leg. clas corad? co coraid?), O'D. 923 (H.3.17, 655). c.¤ clach, DDána 29.10 . ón choraidh chrann `from the serried line of spears', O'Hara 2346 . Fig. clann C. mar caraid cloch, MR 312.11 . dá charaidh cipíngherra . . . crínfiaclacha na cind two rows of . . . teeth, Caithr. Thoirdh. 104.21 . Note also: ar bhfíon fionn i gcoraidh chófraithe `vessel', Aithd. D. 72.6 .

(b) weir : aire, c.¤ `a fishing-were', Eg. Gl. 677 . in c.¤ coitcend na fine `the common fishing weir of the tribe', Laws i 130.4 . no dha trian imarcra in eisc do na corthaib uadha sís, O'Curry 1148 ( H 3.18, 457a ). riagail inbir na coradh `the rule of the inber of the weir', Laws iv 212 , 11.12 Comm. ba si c.¤ éisc na hinnise, Snedg. u. Mac R 9 § 10 . M.D. ┐ a cara(d) éisc laiss, BColm. 62.13 . ? seiche corad, Triads 230 . ic siledh tre caraidh cloch `dripping through a weir of stones', CCath. 5901 . coirthe chláir Ḟeóire, IGT Decl. ex. 1304 . lán cairthe chúain na Suca, ex. 243 . cara na héigne, Dán Dé xiv 6 . na carranna co na cescandaibh, ALC i 278.22 = na cescanna uas a ccairribh `the baskets of the fishing weirs', AFM iii 226.2 . im carrid Cluana Tarb `against the weir of C.', Cog. 192.13 . See Hog. Onom .

(c) Eccles. choir, chapter (cf. MR cited under (a) supra): hic chorus .i. incoraidh, Ir. Gl. 457 . a measg choradh chleireach, Duan. F. ii 286 § 139 . sa choraidh chléireach, Aithd. D. 69.7 . c.¤ ceatal ┐ ceól, Measgra D. 59.31 (`choir', Gloss.). C. . . . do togha lá coraidh ardachaidh, AFM iv 824.10 . tucad a grada le coraidh Arda Macha, Ann. Conn. 1307.12 . etir coraidh aingel, AFM ii 1136.14 . M. . . . ┐ C.C. in a corp daenna, na coraid timchell Macairius, ZCP xi 140.37 . do búi ceithre suidheócca dec . . . 'san coraidh, BNnÉ 58.7 . san chruisde as ttaobh des don choruidh (sic leg.) mhóir, chapter-house(?), Rel. Celt. ii 210.17 . Cf. cuire cniocht (c.¤ cniocht, v.l.) `a host (lit. choir) of knights', Butler Poems 1464 .

cora(i)d

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cora(i)d or dil.ie/12418

 

Forms: coar, cuär, coraid, coraid, coraidh, córaid, córadu, corathgen

n etc. In some exx. forms of caur, q.v. Acc. to Thurneysen ZCP xiii 105 , to be referred to n s. coar, cuär (see cúar). In MSS. freq. also with -ó-; note the rhyming exx.: ? na cúrad na cruadchorad (g p.) (: ṅglorach), SR 5886 . flathius Fúait foentait córaid / for óraib iar cuairt cáemil, LL 2592 . n s. coraid , LU 9460 . an córaid sain, TFrag. 100.6 . córaidh .i. fear mórghaisgidh, O'Cl. a s. coraid , TTebe 877 . coraidh, TTr.² 38 . in córaid , LL 31228 ( TTr. 411 ). g s. do licc corad, BB 135a5 . drech curad / cuinsiu chórad, LU 8612 . d s. don choraid curata, TTebe 1286 . n p. na tri córaid , LU 1603 . a p. fors-na coradu, PH 4306 . córadu, 4214 . is cían taidbsiu a córad, LL 2161 . d p. do choradaib, Rawl. 75b40 . cona chóiredaib calma, Caithr. Thoirdh. 136.24 .

In follg. in pejorative sense: in chóraid lasrorta (coraith etc. v.l.) `the sinners . . . by whom they have been slain', Fél. Prol. 65 . fri tabairt corad ┐ eccraibdech . . . documm n-rise ┐ cretim `sinful', Trip. 482.27 . a choraid is mesa do doinib domain, PH 6643 . cona ro aitreabdaiss coraidh náit meic mallachtan innti, Lism. L. 2201 .

Compd. corathgen, Triads 148 v.l.

córait

Cite this: eDIL s.v. córait or dil.ie/12426
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: -e, córuid, cárait

n f. g s. -e. córuid, cárait f., IGT Decl. § 13 (65.y) . g p. cárad proscribed form, ex. 618 . Used of the fastening or yoking together of two working animals, fastening, yoke ; see s. vv. es(s)em, saim . Hence freq. of the animals themselves pair, brace, couple: saim .i. cech cōrait cid eter dā dam, cid eter dā ech, Corm. Y 1167 . esem .i. ess .i. dam ┐ saim cōrait. Is cōrait īarom in t-essem oc tuidmiu na cuingiu dona damaib, 514 . ? amal sechnas cách a chárait, LU 3897 ( SCC 41 ). doratt . . . córaitt etter na dā ech, BColm. 86.19 . d'ōendreim dōib is d'ænc[h]áraid of one company and one yoke (of horses), 90.11 . amail geilt dá ech hi c.¤ `the grazing of two horses in yoke', Fél.² cxxxiv 14 . di cairigh a coraid ina laím, Laws iv 10.5 Comm. ? gan chárait gun mnaoi mun magh (`burden'), Metr. Dinds. iv 288.3 . .x. coraite slabrad sgeo glais, Ériu ii 4.13 . cáruid cholpthadh sneachtoidhe `two snowy ankles', Bard. P. 44.9 . Note also: na cháraid in comparison to, Rel. Celt. ii 220.3 . clú 'n-a gcároid nach cuirthir `no fame can be set beside theirs', O'Hara 2122 . a dtí thríom 's a dtánaig dhe / bíodh [i gcáraid dá] chéile, Aithd. D. 33.23 . cuingir, cáróid, cupla, comhlan, Eg. Gl. 148 .

Of persons: secht cét cathmíled ┐ glas i córait iter cech ndís díb 'seven hundred warriors with a coupling fetter between each two of them', CMMucr. (CCA) 90 § 7 . brethemhnaighther sescca i ccóraid ann, Ériu xiii 47.30 . rún na córaidi cléirech, IGT Decl. ex. 617 . cáraid na gcéimeann bhfoirtill, DDána 112.23 . neach budh cháraid do chlú an naoimh `rival', PBocht 27.35 . a corait ┐ Caimin . . . in eodem die i.e. having his feast on the same day as C., Fél. 100 n. 25 . D. . . . ┐ A. . . . cáraid degheinigh, AFM iii 406.13 . i gcroidhe na cáraide ` couple ', Aithd. D. 18.27 .

? sóifid rodíbi ┐ rodochell ┐ rochessacht i córaidi, RC xxvi 42 § 219 v.l. ( LL 24793 . coairte, text and other MSS). ? tuc fobairt ndīchra . . . forra gur chuir ina corraitib . . . dochum láir . . . iat, ZCP xiii 238.8 .

fáenaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fáenaid or dil.ie/21024
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: foentait, faentar, fōenad

v ā prostrates, throws down (?): flathius fúait foentait córaid (3 pl. pres. + pron. suff. ?) LL 21a24 . pret. (+ pron. suff.) forfích fiansa, foensius, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 40.11 . pass. pres. faentar fir, BDD 101c H . cadead mifolaidh daertha ecalsa ┐ rl. ... teasbaidh a laneneclann uaithe fri[s]ini faentar and o rodliged doib, O'Curry 1044 (< H 3.18, 436a ). perf. ro fōenad felm thuile, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 25z = ro faenad felm thuile, IT iii 38.24 . o rofaenad bhur bhfir a Cath Lūimnig, Caithr. CC § 24 . Vn. gurab trúagh fáonadh nō fannughadh do dhol ar dhún an fhir, Acall. (Leabh. ó Laimhsgr.) ii 146.7 .

fo-áitbi

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fo-áitbi or dil.ie/22352

 

Forms: faitfed, fó-atbi, fáitbestár, -be(d)

v ( fo-ad-tib-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 648 ) laughs, chuckles, smiles: imperf. adubairt P. anno faitfed (.i. gaire), Trip.² 229 (= arridens p. 12 n .). ACL iii 10 § 11 . pret. and perf. fó-atbi, Trip. 98.7 (= fóaitbi, 1096 ). amal foraitbi int Sarra ... in tan asrobrad frie o mberad macc as that Sarah laught when she had been told that she would bear a son Tur. 62 . fáitbestár LU 8131 ( FB 9 ). ro cháiestair ... ┐ ro fháitbhestair iar ttain, BNnÉ 12 § 10 . faiphtis gen gaire 'ná agaid, TTebe 3210 . With IMM, laughs at: fáithbid [leg. faítbhid] ... immbi (= deridebat eum Lat. Lives 53 . fáitbis ... in máthair imon córaid , PH 6625 . ro fháitbe impu, 1850 . fáibtis fear agá faigsin, IGT III ex. 785 (v.l. fáibhtis; faitfis. Decl. ex. 608 reads fáiltis). (Trans.) ro ḟaitbe ... in popul ... dásacht na foirni, Lat. Lives 92 . Vn. fáitbiud, -be(d), q.v.

1 imm, imb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 imm, imb or dil.ie/27635
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: imm, im, im, im, himm, imm, um, am, ma, mo, uime, um, fa, imm, imma, im, im, um, im, immin, immin, immun, immon, imon, amun, 'mun, 'man, 'mon, imma n-, imma, imma, imman, imna, immum, imam, imum, imumm, umam, umum, ummumm, immut, imut, umat, umaitsiu, iomut, umad, 'mud, immbi, imbi, immi, imbe, immbe, imme, ime, uime, uimme, imi, uime, impe, impi, immpe, uimpe, uimpi, impea, immunn, immund, immaind, imaind, iomuin-ne, immib, imuib, umaibh, impu, immpu, umpu, umpa, iompa, impaib, imum, 'mam, im du, im do, immut, imod, 'mat, imma, imma, immo, ima, uma, má, immo, immó, immua n-, imm

prep. leniting follg. consonant and governing the acc. Forms: imm alaile, Wb. 27b12 . im anad, 27d19 . im Dia, 4c24 . im hirusalem, Ml. 72d8 . im chrechtu (sic leg.), 144c5 . himm chenn, Sg. 54a11 . imm ṡalond, IT i 43 § 13. um, Laws iv 226.13 , Ériu i 91.10 , PH 3855 , TSh. 2502 , etc. am, RC xviii 184.1 . ma, Ériu iv 174 § 4. mo, Leb. Gab.(i) 112.17 . uime, um fhear a chíall ┐ bha fhear ┐ ma fhear a chíall, IGT Introd. 19.2 . fa, TTebe 2767 .

In late O.Ir. and Mid.Ir. imm sometimes governs dat. in pl.: imma rusccuib, IT i 120.9 . im slessaib, SR 3742. im ailib, TBC-LL¹ 1544. um a setaib, Laws iv 226.13 . im chorpaib, PH 7022.

With art.: sg. m and f. immin bidbethid, Wb. 15c14 . immin cathraich, Ml. 48d14 . immun aírc, 83a4 . immon coin, Sc.M² § 21 j . imon imdai, BDD² 1108. amun feis, Sc.M² § 23.8 . With elision 'mun coirthi, TBC-LL¹ 1233. 'man am, ML² 94. 'mon airdrig, TTebe 3912 . n. imma n-: imma nisin, Ml. 56b31 . imma ndelg, Thes. ii 248.7 . imman tech, MU² 871. pl. imna téta, TBFr. 104.

With pron. suff.: sg. 1 immum, Sc.M² § 10. imam, ib. § 13 R . imum, PH 8161. imumm, 8163 . umam, 1800 . umum, 8160 . ummumm, 6159 . sg. 2 immut, Ml. 118c12 . PH 5047. imut, 8184 . umat, 453 . umaitsiu, TTebe 1064 . iomut, DDána 68 § 33. umad, 97 § 34 . With elision: 'mud, 64 § 1 . sg. 3 m. and n. immbi, Wb. 13d22 . imbi, Sc.M² § 3. immi, § 17 . imbe, MU² 705. immbe, PH 873. imme, MU² 716. ime, PH 3301. uime, 2753 . uimme, 509 . imi, TTebe. 1865. uime, IGT Introd. 19.2 . f. impe, Sc.M² § 5 , TBFr. 82. impi, BDD² 539. immpe, PH 7238. uimpe, 8159 . uimpi, Stair Erc. 2076. impea, 1333 . pl. 1 immunn, Wb. 15c13 . immund, TBFr. 188. immaind, TBC-LL¹ 4752. imaind, PH 7945. iomuin-ne, DDána 39 § 21. pl. 2 immib, Wb. 27b16 . imuib, PH 7855. umaibh, TSh. 6949. pl. 3 impu, Ml. 62b13 . immpu, BDD² 681. umpu, 461 . umpa, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1778. iompa, TSh. 6958. With dat.: impaib, MU² 774. TBC-LL¹ 938.

With poss.: sg. 1 imum chend, PH 1871. 'mam chend, TTebe 2928 . sg. 2 im du chenn, Thes. ii 249.1 . im do tegdais, PH 4525. immut taeb, imod thoeb, TBC-LL¹ 4073. 'mat fortacht, TTebe 3757 . sg. 3 imma chomalnad, Wb. 30b4 , imma thír, Ml. 62b9 . immo chend, BDD² 1455. ima chend, ib. 840 . uma chend, TTebe 971 . With elision : má chossa, LU 8520 (FB). pl. 1 immo ar sáorad, Mon. Tall. 127.9 . pl. 2 immó bar mbeolu, RC ix 484.17 . pl. 3 immua n-: immelotar immuan eclis `they circumambulated their church,' Thes. ii 242.15 (Ardm.). ba cendaib, PH 393.

With rel. pron.: imma n-, immo n-, immua n-: nech ... immandaister (gl. mentis incompotem), Ml. 50d2 . immuambiat, 18b4 . én immoniada sás, Thes. ii 294.27 ( SP iv ). imma rrabatar, MU² 861. With elision: aní má tudchatar, LU 9011 (FB).

For Mid. Ir. forms fa, ba=imm see under fo (prep.).

I Of place.

(a) around, about: immib di cach leith `around you on every side,' Wb. 17b19 . condarlicthe tech ... immunn di nim `that a house be let down around us from heaven,' 15c13 . bite im chrechtu (sic leg.) `which are wont to be about wounds,' 144c5 . buithe im hirusalem du assaraib, 72d8 . ara teget immin cathraich, 48d14 . in nél nobith immunaírc, 83a4 . fuslegar de imma ndelg immecúairt `it is smeared all round the thorn,' Thes. ii 248.7 . canir anisiu ... imdu chenn `this is sung about thy head,' 249.1 . (tech) udnocht coíl imbi, Críth G. 102. dodat láim immom bragit, IT i 125.6 . da malaigh ... imma rusccuib `two eyebrows about her eyes,' 120.9 . Ulaid im gnúis Conchobair, 81.10 . ro lásat tri imrothu imma chend, LU 8600 (FB). do ratad ... damdabach dona boccótib immi im(m)a c(h)ūairt an enclosing shelter of shields was put about him all round, Sc.M² § 17. niptar aigthi carat im ḟleid, § 5. (imdae) dá aurainech ... impe, TBFr. 82. tucait a trí timchúardda imman tech, MU² 871. in tech íarnaide imma rrabatar in dá thech cláraid, 861 . Benna Iuchna | imma ndessid ilar fert, Hail Brigit § 19. coro lám cor imón slúag, LU 3781 ( SCC 35 ). día mbé nech occá sirḟegad imme anair ocus aníar, 2028 . do-gní íarum foebarchles don chloidem immo chend, BDD² 1455. suidig na slúagu 'na sreith | bii impu do cach oen leith, SR 5014. tuc a da rigid mun coirthi, TBC-LL¹ 1233. talam ísaind ┐ muir immaind, 4752 . uathbas bretha impaib do thulbemmennaib, 938 . gnáth mirr do thabairt im chorpaib dóine, PH 7022. Egeptacda ... filet imon cathraig im Chirinen `circa Cyrenen,' 5384 . do denum na mur imna cethrai, 1034 . atá comrar chloche imbi and hi talmain, Imr. Brain 48.13 . cor íadsattar ... | 'mon ríg ocus 'mon rīgain `till they closed about the king and queen,' BColm. 88.23 . frisna tūatha imdatāat with the tribes around which they are, ZCP viii 315.10 . in fearann uma ndentar in t-aile, Laws iv 70.23 Comm. ro hadnaiced na geill im ḟert Ḟiachra, RC xxiv 184.18 . cuirfed-sa coimghi c[h]onaire umat, ML² 460. roibhadur an dá c[h]omdáil sin leath ar leith 'mun all, Feis Tighe Chonáin 169. na coroni ... atat 'mam chend, TTebe 2928 . ro thaoscc an muir bleidhmiola mó a fearonn, Leb. Gab.(i) 66 n 8 . do córaigsium a marcsluagh imma Cunga siar, Ann. Conn. 1230 § 3. fuair Conchubhar ┐ Cúchulainn go gcomhdháil umpa, Keat. ii 3528. do ling ... soighnéan do ghaoith ... um an dteagh, TSh. 2502. Peadar umam i ngach aird `may Peter defend me,' DDána 38 § 32. a throigh im thairnge bhfuar | ... | dearna an Choimdheadh im chló ngéar, Dán Dé xxvi 6.

In a special sense, of the meeting of lines of descent in a person: ní ḟuil do thaobh Chuirc nó Chuinn | umad, a Aodh Í Dhomhnuill | fuil ríogh lér dhligheabhair dol `there is no noble connection whom thou owest to resemble,' TD 3 § 54. atáid uime ... ocht nglúine déug uaisle fithcheid ... ó Aodh go Niall Naoighiallach, TD ii 208 y . Turcuill, Íomhair, agus Amhláoimh | iomad, a laoich Locha Riach `belonging to your family,' SGS iv 66 § 28. da nairfinn an ttainig uime dúaslibh Ghaoidheal `were I to ennumerate all those connected with him of the nobles of the Gael,' Rel. Celt. ii 208.27 . do b'airrdheana dísle dhí | ón dá thaobh táinig uimpe, DDána 7 § 37. ríoghradh Éireann | umut ... | go Conn na gcuan | is an drong uadh go hÉireamhón, 114 § 27. In follg. exx. the sense has been transferred to the presence of the blood of one ancestor in a person: Duach mhac Briain do bheith umad, Aithd. D. 41 § 25. ní fhuil d'urradh ná d'airdrígh | d' fhine Chuinn dá gcuir leis-sean | gan tuinn dá fhuil uimei-sean, DDána 82 § 38.

(b) Of clothes considered as encircling the body, around, about, on: criss fírinne immib, Wb. 22d16 . snáthe nobíth himm chenn na sacardd, Sg. 54a11 . co n-étaigib ... impaib, MU² 774. do-bertatar étach ríg dó imbi, BDD² 158. cassla derga ... impu co lár, LU 2199. arit odor immi, 8520 (FB). asso argait imm a cosa, Anecd. i 61 § 90. bec in n-étach-sin immpu, PH 8195. do-chuir tú feoil ┐ lethar mar étach umam, 7457 . a lamanda ... ima lamaib, TTebe 2504 . cionnas tháinic tusa asteach ann so gan édach bainnse umad, Matthew xxii 12. éadaighe úra éadtroma do chur iompa, TSh. 6958. With gaibid puts on: gaibid immib a n-etach macc cóimsa, Wb. 27b16 . lasse gabas immbi, 13d22 . gebid Cú Chulainn a threlam gaiscid immi, MU² 52. gabais Fráech immi cona muntir, TBFr. 352. gab etach ... umat, PH 453. do gab a dhā lāmhaind ... im a lāmhuibh, 1475 . Fig. gabhaidh nua-dhuine umaibh, TSh. 6949. ? To this: ecmaing nís ragbusa immum it happened that I had not taken it (i.e. a ring) about me, TBFr. 335.

(c) more definitely, at, by, along: conaccatar Coinculainn immon corthe `they saw Cú Chulainn at the pillar-stone,' RC iii 182.y . do thuit ma dhoras an gharrdha, Rel. Celt. ii 188.12 . mórchoínd[e] la Toirrdelbach ┐ la Tigernan im Sinaind `a great meeting held by T. and T. at the Shannon,' RC xviii 169.19 . docum na léna boi im bord na habund, RC vi 176.61 . trí meic Tuireann ... | tuitsead im Chnuc mac Miodhchaoin, DDána 64 § 27. a chnuic thoir re taoibh Ealla | ... | giodh 'mud bhruach do hoileadh inn, 64 § 1.

(d) along with, including: coiri cona lánlestrai thige airech im dabaig including a vat, Críth G. 339. humalestrai im chaire, 405 . ro gadatar na huili dúile aicsidi ┐ nemaicsidi imna dá apstal déac, Trip.² 1368. corothroiscset maithe fer nErenn im mac nÓida Sláne ┐ im Fechine Fabair ... ┐ im sochaide archena so that the nobles of the men of Ireland including the son of Aed Slane, etc. fasted, Thes. ii 298.13 . ō thucus-[s]a trī laíchcenn ūait im chenn do chétmeic, Sc.M² § 12. dobretha Findabair ┐ cóeca ingen impi hi tech Con Culaind, LU 8837 (FB). Illand im[ma thūaith `with his tribe,' Hail Brigit § 22. co tísat im gaire | im Maire is im Michéol `together with Mary and Michael,' Ériu i 226 § 4. sē dēsa do imforcra | imum-sa fadēin `six pairs besides myself,' 39 § 7 . secht mna decc ruccus im Ceassair `including C.' (the context shows that there were sixteen others besides C.), Leb. Gab.(i) 12.18 . ro triall sechnóin Eireann ... ┐ a bheirt espoc uime `and his two bishops with him,' 86.25 . cella locha Eirne n-uile im chluain Eoais ┐ Daiminis, AU i 338.18 . secht righ Cruithne im Aed m-brec `including Aedh Brec,' 58.9 . aca innisi dho a mhēt do righuibh doghab righi Mhuman uime `in addition to him,' Caithr. CC 31 § 50 . is dá loch um loch nEachach ` besides ,' Content. iv § 30 . aitchim an dá dheagh-fháidh dhéag ... im Aindrias im Eóin nglan-ógh including, Dán Dé xxv 50 - 51 .

(e) After vbs. of motion, to, into, through, throughout (cf. fo): tangamur man caillidh-so `we came to this wood,' ZCP vi 65.14 . docuadhus man coillidh cetna gut' iaraid, 66.22 . dollotar na slúaig ... im ailib ┐ im airtraigib críchi Conaille, TBC-LL¹ 1544. docuadar in .l. ele as dibh man caillidh `the other fifty fled away throughout the wood,' Stair Erc. 2350.

(f) Of impact, collision (more usually fri), against, on: dolleici a cend immon cloich co n-derna brúrig dia cind, IT i 82.2 co n-ecmaing a tul immon n-all combo marb de, LU 8934 (FB). atraig súas īarsin contarlaic imma scín co m-búi triana druim suas, RC xiii 391.8 . commad im claideb dodoléced con n-abbad, RC xvi 414.27 . tuc béim de immun corthe, TBC-LL¹ 1027. do léig Tómas an buille sin um lár agas um lántalamh, PCT 561.

II Of time. Of the approximate time of an occurrence, at, about: atconnarc ... aislingi immón samain innuraid `at Samuin last year,' LU 3331 (SC). macc Murchada ... do écc im ḟēil catrach fīona `on the feast of Catherine', ZCP viii 111.7 . cath iter Delbna ┐ Uu Maine im ḟéil Ciarain, RC xvii 377.21 . ní do denam dó im teirt `he has to do some duty at tierce,' Mon. Tall. 145.9 . cantir salm aurnaigti ... im espartan, 131.9 . im iarmergi indnocht `at nocturns to-night,' BColm. 68.14 . iomdha um nóin seabhac is sodh, Aithd. D. 5 § 13. um thráth nóna, TSh. 3800. im an uair sin, Études Celt. i 85.28 . budh lór d'adhḟuath mun n-amsa, TD 4 § 32.

III In abstract sense, concerning, as regards, in the matter of, on account of, for the sake of: immin bidbethid, Wb. 15c14 . im dethidnea saeculi , 16b11 . im cech rét runecat les `in respect of everything that they need,' Ml. 57b4 . aní imradam-ni impu som di ulc `what evil we are meditating concerning them,' 93a5 . robói dosom imma thír `that he had for his land' (gl. magnitudinem desiderii), 62b9 . luid Sechnall iar tain du chuúrsagad Pátricc im charpat boie lais, Thes. ii 242.11 (Ardm). (mucc) tri neim ... no-bíata co-ralta ár fer n-Ērenn impe so that the slaughter of the men of Ireland would come about on account of it, Sc.M² § 5. Derdriu a hainm ocus biaid olc impe, IT i 69.24 . nach airm inda tochrathar im imṡéna `wherever they happen to be concerned about a conflict of evidence,' Críth G. 418. dul tria aitiri im ní dichuat fuiri `violating his suretyship in regard to a matter for which he is surety,' 306 . as í sin maigin digona in boaire um a setaib `this is the inviolable precinct of the boaire chief respecting his seds,' 226.13 . Aimirgen ... ruc in chétbreith im Themair, Ériu iv 136.20 . mād imdherccad dagmnā im drūis no im sēna a clainne, Cáin Ad. § 51. is í dias as dech fil i nÉrinn im les a tigerna `about attending to the needs of their lord,' BDD² 1220. bentai Cuc[h]ulaind cona claideb ... co torchair a ētach ṅde ┐ nī forbai imo chnes did not wound him as to his skin, TBC-I¹ 1203. nemchomaitecht doib im caomclód praindi `not to indulge them with a change of diet,' Mon. Tall. 152.25 . do demniugud a n-irse imon esergi, PH 6686. ticfat aidhedha uaisle sunn aníu ┐ frithailid iat im biadh ┐ im fotraccadh, BNnÉ 18 § 36. ro croch tríchait im óenboin, ACL iii 304 § 3. is faillítheach bhíd na daoine ... um fhóirithin ar na marbhaibh, TSh. 5021. iongnadh eagla ar an anmain | ma dhul as an ndrochadhbhaidh, Aithd. D. 80 § 40. is ar tí cumainn chairte | do bhí umainn adhlaicthe `He lay buried for our sake,' Dán Dé xxi 24. bac ar ghriangha um theachta as-teagh `a barrier to keep out the sunlight,' Studies 1920, 262 § 9 . do bhí an fhearthain iomuin-ne for our sake, DDána 39 § 21. do airg teagduis apstolicda San Sem ... uma leabhraibh `plundered of its books,' ITS xix 112.19 .

With the idea of purpose, with a view to: altram Néill im chomga cnes `the fostering of Niall to save his life,' Ériu iv 94.8 . fermaidni nemeli fri rig nime ... immo ar sáorad `we pour forth lamentation ... to gain our deliverance,' Mon. Tall. 127.9 . ar chaínbésaib im chóemchostud na fledi `as regards the fair arrangement of the feast,' MU² 211. ro coraidhid iarum ... cách ... im chosdud na fledhi `to celebrate the feast,' Ériu v 234.36 . ordughadh an ríogh leis um ginleirecht na harmaraile do bheth aige, Rel. Celt. ii 178.17 . an t-augdarrāss ro buī aigi ... um thoigheacht, Fl. Earls 258.16 .

In rel. construction with vb. about which, on account of which, concerning which: atfíadat ... do Úath aní má tudchatar día saigthin, LU 9011 (FB). cia fāth maradgoired isin pupullsa?, TBC-I¹ 2223. in fáth ima nderna peccad, PH 6456. cid ma ragad Condere `why should C. go,' Ériu i 114 § 3. cid imma ngabthar trebad, ZCP viii 112.22 . créd ma tucsabair orm faistine duib, TTebe 1316 . cidh um a faicim marbh thu? cidh um nach faghaim bas leat?, ITS xix 96.13 . ceadh 'ma badh ionpháirte inn, DDána 101 § 20.

As pred. of copula: is ime aderar Glenn na mBodar ris, Comp. CC 86.2 . is uimme tuc Dia chucam thu, PH 509. is uime ro ordaigh Ercuil in cathair sin do dhenum, Stair Erc. 1628. is uime cheana rug Dia an daoir-bhreath so ar na daoinibh, TSh. 4.

With certain vbs. and vns.

(i) Of praying, entreating, asking: amal rotgádsa im anad in ephis, Wb. 27d19 . annongeiss cách imma chomalnad, 30b4 . amail tānigc Crīst co Martan dia fagh[d]e ima brat, BColm. 60.7 . ro-guidius he ima throcaire, PH 2786. ro-n-aitchiset im thomailt na fheoland, 6547 . ailthus Eogan imm essomon E. asks them for a truce, ZCP viii 313.5 . do guidh í ... um creidim na hEclusa do comét, RC xix 378 § 255. rosgáid Ái ... im dilsi in maige sin do ┐ 'moa ainm fair, RC xv 469 § 69. an Trīnōit nemda do atach ┐ do etorguide ... um aon tuismedh amhāin cloinni dfagāil dó, Fl. Earls 222.18 .

(ii) Of fasting for : corothroiscset ... im húatigud na ndoine `they fasted ... to get the population reduced,' Thes. ii 298.16 . rotheiscset (rotroiscsit v.l.) imbi fri Dia, Mon. Tall. 157.18 . trosgcis Mocholmógc impu fair `M. fasted against him for it,' BColm. 92.13 . rofágaib Colmán troscud umpi seo `C. left [as an ordinance] that they should fast for it,' 88.13 . rothroiscset na Cristaide fria Dia ... im a fhurtacht, PH 7259. tredan tri laa co n-aidchi for in gCuimdid imo thodūscud dūib to fast for three days and nights to the Lord to have him awakened for you, ACL iii 3.30 .

(iii) Of granting, bestowing: ron-íurusa im chét mbó bódána, BDD² 267. ronír Brigit immon flaith, ZCP xi 109 § 17.

(iv) Of refusing, denying: coru díultai fri Pátraic imma fleid he refused to invite P. to his feast, Trip.² 2180. noco sénaim-si umat-sa sin, PH 3157. as iad ... nár ér mh'occlach ... im brat no im biadh, BNnÉ 266 § 234. nocot-érfaind imm óenní `I would not refuse thee aught,' Ériu iv 98.4 . eitchither iat im na mnáib `the women are refused them,' Metr. Dinds. iii 324.15 . ar sena féin imm ar n-deilb we ourselves being repudiated on account of our appearance, Mer. Uil. 9. gan duine d'éaradh um shéad ná um biadh, Keat. ii 5183. ro diult Ercuil iat uime sin, Stair Erc. 1876.

(v) Of wronging, violating: sarugad amais um a comairce `the violating of the protection of his hired soldier,' Laws iv 230.17 . mo ṡargud immontí thanic for m'óisam, TBC-LL¹ 1911. a cinaidh sáraigt[h]i Colmāin imon cimidh, BColm. 72.9 . is e in duine-si ro-t-saraig um Lazáir `it is he who robbed thee of Lazarus,' PH 3855. dorūacht cuca in chaillech ... roṡāraigh Bresal 'ma boin, ZCP vii 306.9 .

(vi) Of striving, urging, inciting, compelling: ní etaigthersu imma nisin `thou shalt not be emulous concerning it,' Ml. 56b31 . boí in t-imcosnam cetna beius imón curadmir, LU 9035 (FB). bai didu imchosnum ... im forba Echach eter a coic macaib, RC xxiv 176.6 . gabais cách díb immarbáig a mmuin a céli im gabáil na n-én, LU 3245 (SC). cipe do-s-gní imresain im edpart dona deeb, PH 1116. ro-chomecnigestar lucht na cathrach im chomalliud timnai `he forced the citizens to obey a law,' 6531 . nach greisfider im dénum maithiusa, 4657 . ro ghreis Cirion a muindter im calma do denum, Stair Erc. 1573. comraicfit im óenbargin, Ériu i 132.64 . ro grendaig im cath hé `he challenged him to battle,' RC xviii 48.7 .

(vii) Of mocking, laughing at: tibit in macrad im sodain, LU 8845 (FB). ac fonamat imme `making mockery of him,' BColm. 92.15 . fáitbis tra in máthair imon córaid crodai, PH 6626. dorónsat fochuitbiud immun fadesin ┐ fo Troiánaib, TTr.² 304. do maidh a gean gáire for Coin Chulainn uime sin, Comp. CC 110.19 . lúathgair do chor immum-sa `to make rejoicing for me,' Ériu iv 128.17 .

(viii) Of teaching, instructing: ro-forcan Ísu a apstalu imna rúnib diadai, PH 3419. tanic do fhorcetul na n-apstal ima n-il-berlaib, 5446 . co forcanad hé im ord airnaigthi, ACL iii 10 § 8.

(ix) Of judging: fo-gella ... imm appeals to the judgment in the matter of: bertair do Themair ┐ fogellsat in ríg imbi, BDD² 212. fugeallsat immiu, ZCP vii 305.17 .

In distrib. sense with numbers, for equivalent of to in the Eng. idiom two to one: es da mnae im cech oen fer `two wives to every one man,' Todd Lect. iii 26.10 . ticc días im gach n-aoinḟer úaind, ZCP viii 219 § 18. tricha míle marcach in cech cath dibh ┐ di troighthech um cech marcach, Marco P. § 55.

Used with obj. after words expressing (a) emotion, feeling, (b) behaviour towards.

After words expressive

(i) Of desire, greed, jealousy, envy: mét inná imlainne robói dosom im Dia `strong craving (?) he had for God,' Ml. 62a2 . ar accubur ┐ saint immin domun, 69a6 . ar ét im chrabud `for zeal for devotion,' 36d24 . gabais ... saint an rí impi `the king desired her,' IT i 120.13 . ro gab mian ... imm ṡalond, 43.13 . rom-gab imtholta im erscéluib Tāno do ḟaisnēis dam, ACL iii 3.18 . is cora frichnam immpe na fa anóir na colla, PH 7409. mor menmai ... imma curadmir `great is the eagerness for the champion's portion,' RC xiii 30.35 . rogab ailges ┐ accobur in righ ma fegad int soitig noemtha, D IV 2, 72va 8 . is é Ulcan tre ét umait-siu tuc forru cach col da ndernatis, TTebe 1064 . nocha denaim-se ... fich na formad um airdchendus na Greigi, 834 .

(ii) Of anger and its opposite towards: fích 'mon oirbiri d'aithris `fury at repeating the taunt,' Ériu iv 214 § 8. ocus in aininne mor bis ag neach im a cheli `the great anger which a man has towards his fellow,' v 24.14 . ba lonn ... in ingen imon sgel sin, RC vi 174.18 . cé dogénsam ainmne uime `though we were patient about it,' ACL iii 295 § 22. ba hainmnetach imma chommiledaib, RC ii 388 § 11.

(iii) Of affection and its opposite towards: nípat úarchraidech im chardiu | bat gusmar im naimtiu `be not cold-hearted towards friends, be stern towards enemies,' LU 3493 (SC). co raibhi ic báidhe imme `till he was fondling him,' Moling § 39. ba bádhach (bághach MS.) side im Laighniph `he was fond of the Leinsterman,' § 58 . ar méd a gradha ┐ a deithite uime `by reason of the great love and care he had for him,' BNnÉ 291 § 6. do beith gradach uman creidim cathoilica, RC xix 374 § 247. báidh im congnam re céile affection in the matter of mutual succour, O'Gr. Cat. 354.24. níptor córaigh mo a forba `they were not at peace about their possessions,' Leb. Gab.(i) 112.17 . nirbho sainsearcach im ó nDomhnoill, Hugh Roe 136.13 . mioscais uí Chonchobair im cenél cConoill, ib. 14 . mise go ndíoghrais uimpi | 's gan í go suilbhir umainn, Dánta Gr. 58.3 . minic nach buan críoch a cumainn | ní fríoth achd fuar umainn í, DDána 36 § 4. na bi-si súarach uime `be not ungracious to him,' Stair Erc. 2073.

(iv) Of fear, anxiety, sorrow for: ba leth ndogra immon coin, Sc.M² § 21j . mairg dorumalt a n-imned dorumaltsa custrathsa imma curadmir, LU 9133 (FB). bui sechran adbul ┐ buaidred ... accu ... imme-sin, PH 12. do gab ag tuirsi uime, ML² 293. ar bhfagail leoin ima righuibh, Lism. L. 3207.

(v) Of mercy: ba trocar im na hulib dóinib, PH 1662. déana truaighe umam, TSh. 4219.

IV In special constructions.

(a) Used idiomatically with the subst. vb.: tá ... imm is engaged in, concerned in, in doubt about: cid nombetha im etarceirt a messa im Dia `on what account shouldst thou be about disputing his judgment with God,' Wb. 4c24 . in ceist immá tú, LU 9208 (FB). cía thíastaís formna laech nErend uile is duitsiu dobérmaís remib aní imo mbethe, LU 8814 (FB). cotaispentar dó cach ní immbambí `everything about which he is engaged' Corm. 25 (s.v. imbas forosnai). baoi seom fechtus ann im aine `he was once engaged in fasting,' Ériu iv 120.12 . cid dochanus beith imme what avails it to be discussing it?, PH 5253. co fhoillsiged Dia doib in ní ima rabutar, 7189 .

(b) Used of person adversely affected by action (=dat. of disadvantage) more commonly expressed by ar: rebthair a étach immi, LU 8877 (FB). do lott a aithrige impe, Todd Lect. iii 66.3 . as mor domhillis umainn `you have spoilt much on us,' Ériu v 172.154 . intí romill immum in estrecht truagh `he that marred for me the poor pet,' Moling § 74. malartfaid do rígi ┐ do fhlaithus umat, PH 1390. co ro melachtnaigem ┐ co robuaidrem ┐ co rasgaoilem a dtengta impo, Auraic. 2431. conremesc (conromesc, v.l.) impu `he confused them,' 145 . coillsit tuatha D.D. ith ┐ blicht im maca Miled, D IV 2, 50rb31 . ro mharbh se mac maith umum `he slew a good son on me,' Caithr. CC 38 § 63 .

(c) In impers. const. with vbs. expressing violent uncontrolled action to indicate person affected by the action: nech lasnabi ciall ┐ immandaister gl. mentis incompotem, Ml. 50d2 . ro riastrad immi, LU 8397 (FB). día siabairther immi, 8810 (FB). do luath-lonnaigh im Conall triasa haithesgu sin, ZCP xiv 258.17 . Ercuil ... ro daisedh imbe, Stair Erc. 353.

(d) With vbs. in pass. impers. to express person affected by the action: ēgthir immum, Sc.M² § 10 (for other exx. of this const. see s.v. éigid RIA Dict. Fasc.II). ro gáiredh umpa, ML² 1677 . imdeargthar im Mhaol Mhuire, DDána 102 § 27.

V Used idiomatically with certain vbs., buailid ... imm meets: da mbúailtidhe impodh a ttermann Tighernaigh iad, Ériu v 74.23 . con-gaib ... imm keeps to, perseveres in: anni as a ttarabhairsi bladh ... congmaidh uime an gein mhairfidhe, RC xxix 112 § 8.

gaibid ... imm.

(i) puts on clothes , see supra I (f).

(ii) surrounds, troops around: cid immi gabtais Ulaid uile, TBC-LL¹ 120. coro gabsat immut uli, IT iii 498 § 10. gabsat im Dauid in slóg 'the multitude trooped round David' Ériu xx 120 § 3 .

(iii) seizes, attacks: in días do gabáil immón n-óenfer, LU 8206 (FB). roghab in cerd in liathroit ... táinic in fer rosbuail ina diaidh; rogab in cerd uimpi, ZCP iv 240.10 .

ligid ... imm lies with: nolaigdis dá ingin ... immi cach n-aidchi, Fél. 40.16 . in mál maith 'ma laigdis mná, 54.2 . luigid ... imm swears by: luicchim-se um na duilib, Ériu iv 50.2 . tócbaid ... imm (with or without inf. pron.) rises: rothógaibh Suibhne uimi lasodhain `thereupon S. arose,' BS 114 § 57 . rostógaibh-siumh uime rempa tar gach muine, 124 § 64. tairmescaid x imm y prevents or hinders y from doing x: do thoirméscad umat fógnum do Dia, PH 7718. nir thoirmisg Fer D. sin iompasan F.D. did not prevent them from that, ZCP x 291.22 . no tairmisccedh impo daesccur-sluag ... do marbadh `he forbade them to kill the rabble,' CCath. 5994. no co fileat ic tairmisc na sligeadh coitcindi umunn `they are forbidding us the common roads,' 1270 . gur thoirmesc Ercuil impu é, Stair Erc. 2017. do focair fir n-aignaid ocus screbtra impe `for the truth of nature and scripture forbids her,' Laws v 430.24 . gan a fhulang dot chomarsain no dot chompanach drúis do denum da fhétair a bascad immpu, PH 7451. do-beir bréic (or another word of similar meaning) imm deceives, deludes: na taibred cách uáib bréic imm alaile, Wb. 27b12 . dobertha bréc im nach meraige, LU 8806 (FB). cerbo mór trá a mmuinbech dorat im Loegaire dorat a da cutrummai im Conall Cernach, 8141 (FB). co tartaitis ceilc immon slóg, TBC-I¹ 1462. inní dobeir bré[i]c umpo `the thing which deludes them,' CCath. 1689. is imaind féin doberum bréicc and-sin we deceive ourselves, PH 7945. dorad-sen brēg impe `practised guile upon her,' RC xv 437 § 45. diberthor muinbech im Fergus occum-sa `F. shall be cajoled by me,' RC xxi 316 § 38. doberthar tra múin impu co fessamar ... `let a trick be played on them,' RC xiii 444 § 24.

marbaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. marbaid or dil.ie/31573
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: mairb-, muirb-, muir-, marb-, marfed-som, marbsa, nisn-ule-mairbfe, ro-marbaind, marbhtar

ā, vb. Fut. stem mairb-, later muirb- (often mair-, muir- before f of inflection), rarely marb- (mar-): no marfed-som , TBC-LL¹ 1638 (YBL). pret. 1 s. marbsa (= marbus-sa), IT i 158.10 ( LL 154b6 ).

(a) kills, slays: nacha-ro-marb-som Dia i ndigail neich dorigensat, Ml. 23b5 . ro marbsat Saul, 56b6 . nisn-ule-mairbfe thou wilt not wholly slay them, 77a15 . marbai in rí[g] . . . aingi in truagh thou slayest the king, thou sparest the pauper, ZCP vii 269 § 11. indhí . . . marbthai duine those that . . . commit homicide, Mon. Tall. § 11. cia marbaid Cain Abíal, SR 1966. acht coro marba in coraid , 5856 . muirfet-sa Gola, 5857 . marbais cét lǽch díb, TBC-LL¹ 1575. in rí nos-crochand ┐ nos-marbann, PH 4203. muirbfid [Michael] Ancrist, 7281 . ní mairfem inn endaic we will not kill an innocent man, Trip. 130.10 . nom-marba mo lam-sa foden, minam marba nech n-aile may my own hand slay me if no one else does, Ériu ii 28.5 luigim-sea . . . go muirbiub-sa tusu, v 72.12 . go muirbhfidís tré dhraoidheacht é, Keat. ii 1305. ro marbhasdar í tré eud, i p. 158 . ro-marbaind torc, IT i 158.12 = LL 154b8 (impf.). ma ra marbh in bean feoil 'if the wife killed meat', Mar. Dis. 36 § 15 . marbh ┐ ullmuigh feóil!, Gen. xliii 16. Of animals: marbais in Líath Macha ech Ercoil, FB 70. go muirfitis na leomain e, Fl. Earls 234.22 . Of things: icait, bethaigait, marbait (of herbs), SR 7280. co rod-marb galar, MacCarthy 150 § 1. dobicfa fross tened . . . ┐ nob-muirbfe uli, Ériu ii 196 § 13. do mharbh bruth na greine an gaeith, Irish Texts ii 71 § 21 . With pron. suff.: marbthus Cuchulaind C. kills them, SCC § 36 , cf. marbthus iat, TBC-I¹ 1682 ( LU 6166 ). dia nda-tairle mo lorg-sa mairfidus if my club strikes them it will kill them, LU 1430 ( MU 46.3 ). marbsi Conall C. killed him, ZCP xi 109.2 . Pass. na marbhtar lett Ulaid!, TBC-LL¹ 6012. marbthair dóib in mucc, IT i 99.17 . co non-romarbthar-ni uli until all of us are slain, BDD 80. not-mairfider immárach, SR 6496. no erálta for maccaib U. dul i ngabthib . . . ar daig coro mmarbtaís in order that they might be killed, IT i 74.19 . co farctais . . . cloch[a] in lochta no mairfitis occi of those who might be slain, BDD 68. ro marbait sochaide dona Cristaigib, PH 368. ro marbtha dā mac Cenneitigh ina dighail, AU 1019. muirfer gan cáirde iad, BNnÉ 147.21 . adubhairt . . . co muirbfidhe le na escairdib é, BCC § 236. Fig. mortifies; annuls, cancels: ma marbitir facta carnis , Wb. 4a13 . marbaid cach marb a cinta (= a dead man cannot be brought to account for his offences), Laws ii 270.29 .

(b) legal term, alienates (property) in mortmain, amortises: marbais Aedh an ferond sin do Dia ┐ do C. gave that land for ever in mortmain, BCC § 94. maille re ar marbad d'ḟearainn Eaglaisi `together with all dead church-lands', JRSAI ii 346.11 (expld. as lands taken from the Church and not reclaimed afterwards).

(c) exceptionally intrans. dies, is killed: na tri Ferghusa . . . ro marbhsat i cath Crinda le Lughaidh, le Tadhg, ZCP xi 43 § 33 (B. of Lismore).

saim

Cite this: eDIL s.v. saim or dil.ie/36003

 

n a couple, brace, pair (? yoke): s.¤ .i. cech cōrait cid eter dā dam, cid eter dā ech, Corm. Y 1167 . esem .i. ess .i. dam ┐ s.¤ cōrait, 514 . saimh .i. gach córaid no gach cúpla, O'Cl. sam .i. corait, Leb. Gab.(i) 68 n. 2 (gloss). scuirtir da ech ann a coraid (.i. s.¤) (sic leg.), Laws iv 98.11 Comm . = i ss.¤ i corait, O'Curry 25 ( H 3.18, 11a ). . x. same, Ériu ii 4.12 (glossed .i. lanamna).

Compd. at suairce a saimleptha (sic leg.), IT iii 92 § 138 (: tairberta), `Betten für Paare', Bruchst. i § 55 .

Cf. sam-.

sebtaib?

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sebtaib? or dil.ie/36724

 

ind fer cetaroraid ria cach coraid foa dib s.¤ selsus, LL 116a27 .

smacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. smacht or dil.ie/38009

 

Forms: smaicht, smachtu

n u m. Cf. also n. p. smaicht, O'Curry 903 ( H 3.18, 401 ). IGT Decl. § 95 (127.14) .

I

(a) rule, ordinance, regulation, command, stipulation (freq. in pl.): tect fo smachtu rechto `to go under the rules of the Law', Wb. 19d11 . pridchibid smactu rechto fetarlicce `institutes', 26a8 . nachib berar i smachtu rechta fetarlicce `be ye not borne into the institutions of the Law of the Old Testament', 27a24 . isnaib smachtaib hisin gl. (cur) in illis pactis (non manserunt quae apud patres in lacrimarum ualle firmata sunt) under those conditions (i.e. in that state), Ml. 105a5 . inna smachtu gl. (uictis) condiciones (pacis dabunt) conditions (of peace), 135c3 . In sg.: do chosnam in smachta gl. habundantius aemulator existens paternarum mearum traditionum `to contend for the rule', Wb. 18c18 . huan s.¤ gl. ea pactione (ut omnes Iudeos in Gentilium scita traduceret) on this condition, Ml. 73b6 . huan s.¤ gl. á condicione (foeni) (prob. a misunderstanding of the Latin text, where conditio means a state of being), 113a1 . uair do-chuabar dar mo s.¤ since you have transgressed my commandment, MacCarthy 58.21 = recht, SR 1443 . dorónta cluiche chointe dó amal robái i smachtaib ┐ besaib na Troiandae according to the institutions and customs of the T., TTr.² 1230 . do dímicin a smachta som ┐ a rechta ┐ a mbésa, LB 144a17 . ní ro gabhadh uadh an taons.¤ sain na Cascc . . . go nuige am bliadhainsi (Adamnán) that ordinance regarding Easter, TFrag. 114.14 . s.¤ an Choimdheadh . . . | . . . mairg do bhris, DDána 26.6 . With follg. vn. constr.: tucatur maigestri na sersenach s.¤ cen duine do marbad gave orders that none should be killed, Ann. Conn. 1235.14 . is é cets.¤ rigi doordaigh-sium andsin .i. can duine . . . d'adlucadh . . ., TTebe 4586 .

(b) sway, dominion, rule (of a king, chief, etc.): na túatha cen s.¤ rig, LU 3440 ( SCC 21 ). a bhfuil dod s.¤ | . . . ar ichtar Chonnacht, Irish Texts ii 101 § 37 . laoich fhearchonta as fhíorghlan s.¤ , Studies 1920, 566 § 9 . beir do bhreith smachta, smuaintig do recht rig give judgement according to thy power, MR 160.8 . mac Coisi ar nách cúala s.¤ `sway over whom I have not heard of', Ériu ii 168.71 . Commonly with prep. FO: dorad iathu Erenn ┐ Alban fo s.¤ flaithiusa Muman subjugated, RC xxiv 186.7 . osnadu na n-iltuath bitís fo s.¤ ┐ dáire ocaib, Alex. 40 . do-s-ber diabul fo s.¤ fen iat, PH 2356 . ríghe Érenn árdaoibhne | cuirfet fo s.¤ a bfine, Irish Texts iv 86 § 47 . fo s.¤ ┐ fo geilsini, Cog. 48.10 .

(c) control, restraint, discipline; punishment : s.¤ féig fíadnach `government', Ériu iv 94 § 11 . ón ghrás do ghabh s.¤ He allowed mercy to overrule him, PBocht 5.22 . aingeal re haghaidh smachta (Michael), Dán Dé xiv 4 . Usually with follg. prep. AR: ár ní thabratsom s.¤ no recht no ríagail ar denam a peccaid they sin without restraint, LU 2377 . s.¤ ar colainn, snige dēr (duties of ascetic life), ZCP vii 297.11 . s.¤ ón ghaoith ar a ghruaidh, RC xlix 173 § 28 . ar an uisge gur fhéad s.¤ , PBocht 20.31 . go s.¤ uaidh ar chach, Atlantis iv 160.29 . In chevilles: dían in s.¤ , LL 27a32 . borb an s.¤ , Irish Texts i 39 § 22 . an té fhúathuighios s.¤ `he that hateth reproof', Proverbs xii 1 . s.¤ an Tighearna `chastisement', Deuteronomy xi 2 . nach gabhann beadhgadh tré s.¤ dá ndéanann Dia orra are unmoved by God's punishment, TSh. 1928 (cf. 1922 ).

II

(a) In Laws penalty, fine for breach of law, trespass, non-payment of debt, etc. See Cóic Con. 6 . Bürgschaft 38 . In some passages the amount of the s.¤ is fixed in terms of bó, cumal, sét: aic macu ara-[m]bera boin smachta ┐ imdechta `die Kuh der Tarifbusse', Cóic Con. 14 . in tan is trian eneclainne is trian smachta . . . in tan is lan eneclainne is lan smachta .i. leth secht cumala, O'D. 833 ( H 3.17, 595 ). But cf. secht cumala do s.¤ . . . dona huaisli a marbadh for a comairci a s.¤ of seven cumals to nobles for killing of persons under their protection, Laws iv 232.7 . is inann . . . a smachta .i. cuic thseoit, ii 20.12 Comm . noca nairilltnighinn feich ann .i. s.¤ metha gi(a)n co ructhar iad for folach notrus[a] `the penalty for omission (to provide nursing)', Ériu xii 10 § 8 gl. 2 (BCrólige). cach [n-]ecubus cona dire ┐ a fuilliud ┐ a smachtaib, ZCP xiv 346 § 7 (here = s.¤-ētaim `feste, in ihrer Höhe unveränderliche Busse', Thurn. ib. See also § 29 , and cpds. below). In Cóic Con. Fug. the s.¤ for offences during the hearing of a law-suit is fixed at one `bó' (see Cóic Con. p. 62 , 63 , 81 ): inannus smachta riu uile . . . is é int inannus smachta in bo i nemaithne na conaire, 23 § 22 . inunn in s.¤ fil i-nne[ma]ichni [na] conaire re ngabail tacrai, 15 § 2 . Cf. bo sin in (leg. isin) tuisled don conair fora [c]ele for lapsing into a different form of legal procedure, 58 § 137 . s.¤ urchlaidhe (leg. urchrai?) `Tarifbusse des Vereitelns des Termins', 14.17 . Cf. ZCP xv 259 , xvi 210 . In other cases the s.¤ appears to have been variable: gaimorgain mbruigrechta da trian a fochraice is e a s.¤ `for winter trespass . . . two thirds of the rent is the s.¤-fine', Laws iv 88.2 . smachta cacha raithe, ni cuma dono s.¤ samfuachta ┐ gaimfuachta . . . it truma smachta geimrid oldaiti smachta samraid, ar i[s] sruithe bes (sic leg.) beatha na mbo oldas a ngeart, ar it geinither fer i samradh. ni tha imurro ní a ngeimre (i.e. the s.¤ varies according to season), 88 - 90 . smachta samraidh; miach cach airlime . . . leth meich ma fri athbrondad . . . it da miach . . . fri geamfuacht, 90.16 . In a table given O'Curry 1022 ( H 3.18, 431b ) of trespasses by pigs the s.¤ is always double the aithgin. re s.¤ cāna (sic leg.) `inbetreff der Tarifbusse für (Verletzung der) cāin (des gesetzten Rechts)', Cóic Con. 19.2 . Cf. 49 § 95. 73 . cia meid smachta fil a comiceas?—a dó; s.¤ ime ┐ ceathra genmota caithe, Laws iv 138.20 .i. cenmotha in s.¤ uil o na dainibh do niat ris in ferand .i. brised in aile, 140.15 Comm . cia lin fris a tabar smachta i comaithces `how many things are there for which `smacht' fines are paid in the co-tenancy?', 140.11 Comm . s.¤ comhaithchiusa do rith riu iar tabairt na ngeall so amail ceathra eile (of bees), 162.24 n . do lomrad smachta ┐ cáiche, 68.3 .i. na méich, 12 Comm . s.¤ a fidh neimhedh no co mbentar uile, ┐ eneclann ind o bentar (of the cutting down of trees in co-tenancy), 150.16 Comm . cach bail is dám beag ┐ s.¤ mor . . . cach bail atá in dámh mór ┐ in s.¤ beag, O'D. 521 ( H 3.17, 423 ). comdiles cach s.¤ fri colainn a feich `gleich "eigen" sei jede Busse wie der Gegenstand der betreffenden Schuld', Bürgschaft 15 § 51 (b). caite s.¤ .i. trian cach féich, O'D. 776 ( H 3.17, 556 ) (according to the Comm., if a debt was not paid at the stipulated time, a s.¤ equal to one third of it was inflicted for every three days' delay, so that at the end of nine days the debt had doubled). fon indus sin dona gradaib feine fo uaisle a smachta, O'Curry 1008 ( H 3.18, 428b ). cach uair is [s]macht ictar ann, is a ic fo aicned in ti icas, Laws iii 496.8 - 10 Comm . munu muintiur na neche sin doib, da trian na hiaruta ar s.¤ ann don aithir `a fine of two thirds of the price of fosterage', ii 152.14 Comm . smachta tairgilli . . . Treidib miach miter cach nethemain, miach i nathlumpaire, lethmiach fri monai ar airlim, iv 78.1 ff .

In the follg. exx. taken as meaning requirement, requisite (i.e. the tools which tenants of land must have for fencing): smachta ime, rama fri clais, soc fri coraid, biail fri dairime, fidbad fri felmad `the requisites for the fences are . . .', Laws iv 72.1 .i. is e ní smachtaigther acu ac denum na híme, 13 Comm . cateat smachta imi . . .? .i. rāma fri clais, etc. `Erfordernisse', ZCP xv 314 § 8 Comm . (Caratnia), see p. 315 . But note: smacht ime, Laws iv 138.21 .i. in ní smachtaigter i ndul tar an ime `'smacht -fine of fence, i.e. the thing which is commanded to be paid for going over the fence', 140.12 Comm .

Used apparently of the offence itself in: iss é in(n)sin im[m]a-thoing smachtu m(b)ruigrechta, Críth G. 38 `breaches of m.', p. 100 . See Ir. Recht 84 .

(b) penalty, fine, tribute in general: cána ┐ smachta ┐ císa fer nErend, LU 4207 . gnim, nad lugu s.¤, | orggain Eogain for which the penalty is not less, IT i 70.19 . oc tobhach a císsa ┐ a smachta rígh, CCath. 740 . cradh Cindfaelaid in smachta, MacCarthy 416.y . naomhad gacha toraid . . . d'idhnacul . . . gan dul a nairiumh chána ná smachta and not to be counted as rent or fine, RC xliii 54 § 55 . cīsa Mumhan . . . .i. s.¤ ┐ biathadh ┐ turgnumh ┐ faesamh, Leb. Cert. 60.14 . cid ar nar cinded s.¤ loigi ar na h-aistibh sea? fixed payment (?) (for bardic compositions), BB 297a2 . an s.¤ ríogh rug ar an bhféar | . . . | do ghlac mé an crodh dá c[h]omholl the fine imposed for the eating of the grass (story of Mac Con), L. Cl. A. B. 62.89 .

Compds. ¤bann: smachtbhann .i. smachd dlighidh, O'Cl. tucsat s. imruma forra `a regular oar-stroke', CCath. 1931 . ¤cháin disciplinary law, sway : smachtchain . . . na hairdríghi Etalta, CCath. 288 . ar trebhurdaingne na smachtcána [sída] bói occo, 484 . robhaoí dna cóicceadh C. . . . fó s. síodha don dias `under the peaceable government', AFM vi 1934.15 . ¤chomartha sign of discipline : ar in cloich sin ro bói in smacht chomarta sida is fearr ro bói a nEirinn, Acall. 4467 `official test', SG ii 209 . ¤chumachtaid a keeper of discipline : smacht-cumachtaighi in tsída, Acall. 6900 v.l. ¤etaim (étaim?). According to Thurn., ZCP xiv 346 § 7 n . a fine or penalty of fixed amount : cenmotha smacht-etaim meth n-aigillne `neben der Tarif-Busse für die "Ausfälle" der Unfrei-Genossen', 386 § 51 = Laws ii 320.4 . See also under II (a) supra. ¤gille. Exact meaning not clear. Perh. pledge for payment of a fine or penalty (see Cóic Con. 63 , 75 f . ). Usually folld. by the attrib. gs. sechtmaid, and therefore prob. one-seventh of the fixed `smacht' ( Cóic Con. 9 ): s. .uii. maid na bo (.i. a n-urlaim coitcinn) fri cert, Cóic Con. 23 § 21 . glethir cert [co s]machtgilli ` cert wird mit einem s. (Siebentel-Unterpfand) geklärt', 20 § 12 . cid fotera . . . conid inunn in smachtgilli ria ṅgabail tacrai [┐] iar ṅgabail tacrai? `Tarif-busse-Unterpfand', 17 § 7 . Laws Comm. draws complicated distinctions between s. and other types of pledge: it cetheora fodlai fil for gellaib: langille, ┐ lethgille, triangille, ┐ s., Laws i 260.19 , and see p. 276 - 8 . In fasting (see troscud) apparently the pledge given by the debtor to the creditor as a guarantee that his claim will be attended to, and which brings the fast to an end: s. sechtmaidh do scur troisci im nesam, 276.6 Comm . s. ecinntecha do sgur troiscte, s. cinntecha ria mbreth, ┐ triangille iar mbreth, 23 Comm . na ceithri s.; s. sechtmaid do scur troisci feich nesaim toiscide urradais i nurfuigell ┐ s. sechtmaid i nuirfuigell i cain patraic, . . . s. sechtmaid do scur troisci i cain adomnain . . . s. sechtmaid ar treis don filid . . . Fuilledh risin s. sechtmaid co roib langille iar mbreithemnas, iii 324.1 ff . See ZCP xv 267 .

soc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. soc or dil.ie/38223
Last Revised: 2019

 

n o, m. IGT Decl. § 67 .

(a) In phr. soc sáil a kind of cephalopod, squid (?), cuttlefish (?): bronnlog .i. soccsáil (leg. socc sáil) gl. loligo, Sg. 47b7 . ? See also compd. soclán below.

(b) a snout : cosa ┐ suic na mbanbh, RC xlix 56.7 . dronn a shuic ┐ a srōna (of a boar), ZCP vi 280.5 . an tan tig an mhuc fá lubhghort cuiridh a srón fán lile . . . mar an gcéadna an tan tig an peacadh . . . cuiridh s.¤ . . . fá shoibhéasaibh, TSh. 9450 .

(c) a plough-share : cethramthu arathair lais: dam, s.¤, brot, cennos(e), Críth G. 95 . rāma fri clais, socc fri coraid, biail fri dairimme, ZCP xv 314 § 8 (= Laws iv 70.8 ). a cuit i n-arathar cach fir dib .i. dam ┐ socc ┐ brot, Laws v 88.9 Comm . athgabail fir suic, i 194.26 , .i. athgabail gabur don fir isa s.¤ ro mebadh, 200.6 Comm . cuinngid . . . in s.¤ fair . . . ┐ ni lugaiti ro airset [na daim], Fél. 72.24 . ni tregdand socc na coltar na rámund talmain, Alex. 860 . eter an s.¤ ┐ an coltar, BNnÉ 222.1 .

Compd. ¤lán: ar ndol tar sáile s., BS 30.10 . arracht soc-mhór, sūl-ghránda ... sgíath-mhór, sgeamhach, scrēch-dhoibhinn, Acall. (Leabh. ó Laimhsgr.) i 270.22 .

2 sód

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 sód or dil.ie/38277
Last Revised: 2019

 

n [o] (soud) a weir : sód, Éigse viii 105 (H. 3.18. col. 79) . dā baī ar sōdh muilinn 'two cows for a mill-weir ' EIF 553 . .iiii. ba ar lansodh muilind, dí ba ar lethsod muilind 'four cows for a full mill-weir; two cows for a half mill-weir' 552 § 1 . In placename: sod maicin (macain, v.l.), Éigse xxviii 130 . da trian na himarcrada eisc uad do lucht na sod aile sis no suas cid be conair dib dech in tiasc, Laws i 206.1 Comm . mas as in tsod is cuic seoit, iii 148.19 = mas a coraid , O'Curry 1735 ( 23 Q 6, 29a ).

sop

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sop or dil.ie/38488
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Forms: sop

n o, m. (Lat. stuppa, Ériu xxvi 178-81 ) sop m., IGT Decl. § 67 . a wisp, a tuft : s.¤ a sopinis [stopinis], ar is fuidell tuige ē, Corm. Y 1174 . rolaad gairm escaire for naomaib hĒrenn, id est, . . . slat ┐ s.¤ cacha boithe a summons was sent . . . (i.e.) . . . to supply a rod and a wisp from each hut, BColm. 54.22 . lotar na suipp ṡesca bátar na áltaib i cléthib aeóir, TBC-LL¹ 6039 . no druidedh a bassa fri belaibh a n-alad noco roic[h]edh uadh a ndaethain s.¤ ┐ inrech da n-étaighib inntu, CCath. 5986 . dunad figised a corp . . . do shopaib escairt, LB 156b58 . supu lasamna do escairt crín do chengul i llái cecha sinnaig dib, 127a32 . da óibell tened i m-medón suipp sílcátha corcca, MacCongl. 15.2 . co cuala in guth isin tsup illuachra (tum luachra, v.l.) `in the wisp of rushes', RC xxiv 58.18 . nir bo cloch in inad ugi sen ┐ nir bo s.¤ in inad largi `a wisp in the place of a club' (prov. of a person), Cog. 100.23 . cuiridh s.¤ fón cuire, BCC 182 . Of a wisp used in divinatory process for identifying a guilty person: gebid s.¤ arabarach ┐ doscan fair ┐ dosleice i n-agid Meic Da Cherda, Ériu v 34.10 . Hence in phrase fo sopaib, fo s.¤ , as an expression of contempt: it móra . . . na trí córaid seo do bith fo sopaibh fer in duni seo, LU 1603 . bethi fo seilib ┐ soppaib ┐ cuitbiud hi cach airiucht i mbed, Trip.² 1589 . corap fo ssop ┐ cuitbiudha i ndalaibh . . . t'airchinnech, BNnÉ 304 § 18 . ? To this: ro crochadh leis la sopaib in t(i) ras marb gan fuireach, AI 346 (s.a 1228) .