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1 assa

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 assa or dil.ie/4489

 

geminating particle inserted between two comparatives to express continuous increase, GOI § 377 : nesso assanesso gl. ut ardeam `nearer and nearer', Wb. 12 b34a . ferr asaferr gl. de die in diem, 15c5 . corrop mooassamoo ┐ corrop ferrassaferr gl. magis ac magis, 23b1 . bit messa assammessa gl. proficient in peius, 30c25 . dia ndénae-su a n-uile-se, be ferr asa (isa v.l.) ferr `thou shalt be better and better', Ériu iii 108 § 55 . Later reduced to 'sa: neso 'sa neso ticdis don indsi, RC ix 474.6 . is lethan a īchtar ┐ is cōile sa cōile corice a ūachtar (of a cowl), Corm. Y 262 . mo 'sa mó risan fhíor-faidh `ever growing towards', BNnÉ 228.2 . See 7 sa.

caithem

Cite this: eDIL s.v. caithem or dil.ie/7993
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: caithim, caithed, caithte, caithim, caitheamh, c., caithim

n ā, f. Also m. n s. also caithim, caithed. g s. caithte, A. Ó Dálaigh xvi l . caithim f., IGT Decl. § 150 . caitheamh m., § 101 . Vn. of 1 caithid. c.¤ , caithim, IGT Verbs § 72 . In sense (d): caitheachtain, Bard. Synt. Tr. 14.y .

(a) act of spending, consuming, using up. Of eating, drinking: ní fogní leisim a cathim na ráod sin, Mon. Tall. 13 . do chaithim feolae, 51 . oénfer do cathim a satha día [ḟ]eóil, LU 3451 ( SCC 23 ). do chathim mo bíd, TBC-LL¹ 1042 . ní do thorad in chroind sin do ch.¤ , MacCarthy 52.14 . co nar leicc c.¤ na cumsanad doib `eat or rest', Ann. Conn. 1270.5 . tuir-bhiadh ┐ táir-dheoch do lucht a gcaithmhe, TSh. 8316 . corp Christ . . . ica caithimh, Grail 1851 . caitheamh an chuirp, Dán Dé xviii 3 . iar caithem feoir (of cattle), Ann. Conn. 1224.2 . Of territory enjoying fruits of; laying waste, pillaging: a caitium ┐ a cosnum to spend and defend it (of territory), ZCP xiii 181.y . in ti coimetas a tir cen c.¤ , Laws iii 50.12 Comm. atáid h-eascaraid ag caitheadh do chríche pillaging, ML 52.7 . baí an t-iarla ag caithemh, ┐ acc cuartucchadh na Mumhan `spending and subjugating', AFM vi 2082.13 . fuair tú a cáineadh 's a caithimh (: an-fhlaithibh) `slandered and wasted' (of Ireland), A. Ó Dálaigh liii 12 . morsluaigedh . . . la ríg nErenn i Muigh Birra oc caithem Urmuman `consuming', RC xviii 42.8 .

Of spending, enjoying length of time, life, reign, feast etc.: tíachtain . . . do chathim fessi Temrach, LU 4209 . atbath . . . íar cathim do cethri .u. mbliadna, 10080 . dochúaidh do chaithemh na betha suthaine, Ériu v 98.21 . i dtigh Dé ní dheachaidh fear / ag caitheamh na gcúig n-aimsear, Aithd. D. 98.4 (leg. i gc.¤ ?). 's í ar gcaitheamh a céadaoise, Dán Dé v 28 . Hence act of enjoying: nī cair in domuin cathim `she loved not to enjoy the world', Thes. ii 328.2 ( Hy. v 8 ). a cumus ┐ a c.¤ (of wealth etc.), ZCP vi 54.18 . ag c.¤ toraid na hespocoiti enjoying the benefits of the see, Ann. Conn. 1307.12 . ní ceart do chaithiomh (of the body) `to pamper thee', Aithd. D. 79.1 . Cf. dorat Colam cille cuairt ┐ c.¤ a manach ┐ a oglach [do Chaillín] `fees and entertainment', Fen. 164.20 . toiscidi .i. caithemh, Ériu xiii 55 § 29 .

In other contexts: da c.¤ fo cétoir `for immediate use', Laws i 80.15 Comm. in aimsir a caithme (of turf), 132.9 Comm. c.¤ dligid egalsa co hindligthech spending the church dues, v 122.17 Comm. robo imda claideam iar caithim corice a dornchor on imbualad worn, LL 408b2 ( TTr. 2232 ). co tairnic airm Ḟind do chaithim `till he had used up', Dinds. 139 ( RC xvi 147 ). a tuarastal . . . do caithium, Cog. 156.24 . ar chaithimh (ccaithim v.l.) a chruidh, IGT Verbs ex. 651 . an lóchrann lasas go mear / is dó as chomhghoire caitheamh, Content. xxiii 10 n. d'éis cáich do chaithiomh a rosc, LBranach 1553 `having spent all their tears', Gloss. creideamh mar is cóir do chaitheamh practice, DDána 14.2 . an corp do chaithimh (: aithir) subdue, 10.15 .

With follg. prep. FRI: biadh ... do chathum ria liaigh 'to provide food for his physician', Mar. Dis. 30 § 8 . do chaitheamh a g-coimhfheirge re C. `expend', MR 272.2 . ō thairnic d'Fer lí a c[h]laidim do chaithim re cend ┐ re colainn in rí[g]fēnnid `worn out', Fianaig. 96.7 . a nert do caithemh riú, TBC St. 3852 . cam do chaitheam re chóir to meet justice with injustice, ML 102.13 .

Note also with prep. AR: caitheamh ar fheolmhach ┐ iascach took to, Keat. ii 4109 .

(b) In phrases. téid c.¤ for (i n-) x x is consumed, used up: im laithibh do-chuaidh caithimh (: héanlaithibh), DDána 6.35 . ní caitheamh do-chóidh 'n-a tréan (: maitheadh), 11.13 . ní théid caitheamh . . . ar phianaibh ifrinn, TSh. 6574 . Cf. tucatar c.¤ ar a cráisechaib they used their spears, Caithr. Thoirdh. 113.23 . c.¤ aimsire pastime: a hollamh / caitheamh aimsire a sluagh, DDána 73.9 . air na sgribad le R.T. dochum caithiomh aimsire do fein, Flower Cat. 336.31 . na cluicheadha nó an caitheamh aimsire, TSh. 4161 . ced . . . caithmhe aimsire, RSClára 117a . Attrib. g s. coinnle caithmhe Dé na ndúl (of sun and moon) `household torches', Dán Dé xxvii 10 . an chuid chaithmhe, Measgra D. 67.12 `the food about to be eaten', Gloss. teach caithimh gach fhir othair (of the cross), Aithd. D. 88.22 . dá toigh chaithmhe (of generous patron), DDána 103.3 . árus caithmhe ┐ comhnuidhe ann, Ériu v 90.23 . fearann caithmhe clóidim do mo chathaibh won by my sword in battle(?), ML 104.8 . inad caithmi in gach tuaith tréin `the place of the banquet', Hy Fiach. 278.y . istad caithme conaich, Grail 3286 . Adv. phrase: cen nach cathim without delay(?), SR 2195 .

In cheville: fa céim caithme (of Maedóc Ferna), BNnÉ 282.7 .

(c) liberality, generosity : fiadna caithme is clú O cCuinn `the witnesses of the munificence and fame', MS. Mat. 563.3 . méad a chaithmhe, Aithd. D. 10.6 . go mbí an rath i mbun caithmhe (proverb), O'R. Poems 1204 = gnáth rath re cois an chaithimh, DDána 102.4 . cen chathim cen tidnacul, LL 24794 . Of food: oc airmbertad in chaithme, Alex. 706 = caigte, BB 494b37 . cnuas na habhla . . . / damhna caithmhe don chéad ló `meant at first to be our food', Dán Dé xxviii 41 .

(d) act of casting, shooting missile : cuing caithfe na crann g[ ], LL 394.50 . cás a caithte (of a dart), DDána 78.10 . a naidhme caithme ┐ cosanta `projectile and defensive weapons', AFM vi 2270.5 . Also with gen. of object of attack: ro gab aga ccaithemh he set to pelting them, TBC St. 3934 . Maghnus . . . do dhul do chaithed ṡlúaig Ghall an oidhche sin, ALC ii 246.15 . cóicc gonna . . . dia caitheamh gan choiccill `to play upon it' (i.e. a castle), AFM v 1732.12 . ac c.¤ . . . aroile firing at one another, 1572.1 . Note also: ag drud re caithimh a chéile to harass one another, DDána 110.19 . iatt araon ag caithemh i naghaidh aroile im thighearnas na tíre `at strife . . . concerning . . .', AFM v 1830.6 .

carpat

Cite this: eDIL s.v. carpat or dil.ie/8251
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: cairpthiu, -thib, -tiu, -tib

n o, m. a d p. freq. cairpthiu, -thib as well as -tiu, -tib.

(a) war-chariot. Somet. also car, waggon, etc.: carbad, cart cogaidh, coiste, Eg. Gl. 114 . hi cairptib ┐ in n-echaib, Ml. 43d3 . connacha gluaistis in charbait, 96c13 . firfaid cairpthiu co ndathrindi tau bodbdai, Ériu xvi 83.61 . coro imluaid in goeth inna cairpthiu, Trip.² 497 . inna charput, Vita Br. 9 . ara n-indled a nōi carpti dí, TBC-I¹ 153 . cona dichtheth c.¤ friae, LU 4797 (TBC). err oéncharpait, 8505 ( FB 35 ). imlaat .ix. cairptiu, 10562 . .vii. carbait dég de chairpthib Conaire, BDD² 588 . cid carbad, cid cathbarr óir, Metr. Dinds. iii 260.21 . fri himc[h]omarc dā c[h].¤ , Corm. Y 1082 . na bris . . . cairptiu ar túath, TBC-LL¹ 765 . combruissitis a cairpdé (: dé), SR 3968 . da ba ar crossa, ┐ da ba ar cairpthi (of fees), Laws v 94.14 Comm. ingen charpait `base daughter', iv 10.14 . carbad cumaile gach aoi anamhna (of fee for poem), Ériu xiii 27.9 = Laws v 62.x . ní léictis Níall i carpti, Ériu iv 98.y . lorg an charbaid `the track of the chariot', O'Hara 3324 . do chéad-chuir rotha i gcairptibh, Content. iii 20 . ar scibadh a lúirech loindrech / a crúisiuch 'sa carbad, Studies 1920, 417.6 . i n-árach nó hi c.¤ baoi a chorp car , Hugh Roe² 166.10 .

(b) In legal phr. c.¤ ar imram expld. as one who has stock but no land (see The Iron Age in the Irish Sea Province 62 ): carbat ar imram .i. crodh aiceside ┐ nocha nfuil ferann, Laws iii 142.15 Comm. c.¤ ar imram screpall a eineclann, O'Curry 325 ( H 3.18, 179a ). in foltach fuithribe . . . ┐ in c.¤ ar imram . . . nocha nfuil eneclann do neoch dib a n-ecmais a ceili, O'Curry 1732 ( 23 Q 6, 28b ). mata ferann fochraici con carbat ar imram is laneneclann do cinmotha ochtmad eneclainni, n. ib. ? Cf. ni roibhi moin di argat / rulla a Criost caincarbat (of Judas), Blathm. 110 `against the fair body.' c.¤ na n-ogfeine . . . in tamain filidh, Laws i 106.9 Comm.

(c) gum, palate (see Loth, ZCP iv 104 ): carbad a bheil, cairein, Eg. Gl. 179 . a charbat leanaim, IT iii 85.6 . coretarscarus a ch.¤ fri alaile corice a brāgait, ZCP xiii 176.22 . ro tirmsat a mbeoil, ┐ ro cruadhaighset a carbait, CCath. 2536 . incinn in míl do coimelt do carbad na lenamh, O'Gr. Cat. 229.16 . ag leanmhain d'á charbad no d'á fhiaclaibh, Eochairsg. 97.27 . a charbaid mhaeil gan ḟiacail `thou of the bare and toothless gums', Oss. ii 38.12 . asa carbut uachtarach, Acall. 2225 . ? imfuirmed a carpad clis itir a dá láim `palate-feat', Ériu i 114 § 2 . Of animals: c.¤ bo bricce for benn, IT iii 81 § 57 . glomar a crais . . . ac taidligud ima carbad (of a serpent), TTebe 2065 .

Compds. With nouns: fonn fulaig carpaitniadh chariot-fighter , Anecd. ii 52.9 . c.¤ saer ┐ ailtire ` chariot-builder ', Laws v 106.7 . With adjj.: ruire Cuirrich carpatrēid `with swift chariots', Ériu xvii 42 § 22 . hi flaith Cuirrich carpatruaid, 38 § 4 .

etar-scara

Cite this: eDIL s.v. etar-scara or dil.ie/20739

 

Forms: etarscar, -etarscarann, etarscarus, etarscara, itarscarthar, etarscarthar, etarscartar, hetarscarad, eadarscarad, -etarscara, etarscara, ruetarscara, etarscaraig, -etarscarthar, etirscartar, etarscerthar, eterscértar, etarscarus, retarscarus, etardanroscarni, retarscar, ruetarscar, etarscar, etarscar, etarscar, eadarsccar, edarsgarasdair, etarsccarsat, hetarscarad, hetarscarad

v ā (scaraid) imp. s. 1 etarscar, LU 8209 . pres. ind. s. 3 -etarscarann, LB 30a54 = Three Hom. 94 . rel. etarscarus, PH 5855 (as simple vb.). pl. etarscara, Laws iv 78.3 . pass. s. itarscarthar, BCr. 31b1 . etarscarthar, PH 8374 . pl. etarscartar, Sg. 157b10 . impf. s. 3 no hetarscarad , BColm. 104.31 . non eadarscarad , YBL 139b22 . subj. pres. s. 3 -etarscara, Ml. 79b2 . etarscara, LB 175a60 = PH 1931 . With inf. ro: (a) eterróscra, Wb. 9d31 . (b) na ruetarscara , Ml. 54d5 . Cf. ge etarscaraig , Laws iii 106.22 Comm. pass. s. -etarscarthar, Tur. 37 . pl. etirscartar, Sg. 73b2 . fut. s. 3 (a) -etarscéra, PH 4351 . (b) etarscarfas, Ériu ii 200.21 . pass. s. etarscerthar, LL 280b45 . pl. eterscértar, Wb. 8b3 . perf. s. 1 (c) rom etarscarus , PH 1544 . co retarscarus , YBL 121b19 . 3 (a) lasse etardanroscarni Ml. 120a3 . (b) dús in retarscar...in ruetarscar..., 91c1 . (c) ronn etarscar , IT i 127.27 . ro etarscar , PH 4248 . rus etarscar , Todd Lect. v 36.10 . ro eadarsccar , AFM i 158.6 . (d) do edarsgarasdair , RC xiv 265.2 . pl. 3 (a) itirroscar(sat), Wb. 5b34 . (c) ro etarsccarsat , Hugh Roe² 12.27 (f. 7a) . pass. s. (a) etarroscrad, Hib. Min. 9.312 . (b) frisar hetarscarad , Laws v 234.28 Comm. (c) ro hetarscarad , MacCarthy iii 58.17 .

I Trans. separates, divides, parts;

(a) with acc. or inf. pron.: itarscarthar (gl. dirimitur) BCr. 31b1 . cia etirscartar inna eperta bíte isin chomsuidigthiu, Sg. 73b2 . do accomal neich etarroscrad, Hib. Min. 9.312 . ni conaraig Dia nad etarscaru duine, Laws v 290.24 . cid ronn etarscar? what has parted us? IT i 127.27 . co rusetarscar Dia, Todd Lect. v 36.10 . lenni a leth...or Diabul . ni etarscerthar ind anim, ol Crist...regaid limsa, LL 280b45 . etarscar na firu separate the (quarrelling) men FB 15 . is he non eadarscarad ḟir ┐ go used to distinguish truth and falsehood YBL 139b22 . d'eidearscar mé íad ameasc na ngeinteadh, Ezekiel xxxvi 19 .

(b) With prep. fri: ar nachn-etarscara homun fri frecur ceill Dæ that fear may not part it [populus] from the worship of God Ml. 79b2 . eterscértar a coirp et a n-anmin friu, Wb. 8b3 . fear [sic leg.] frisar hetarscarad a chiall (i.e. an insane person), Laws v 234.28 Comm. is triasin áine sin etarscarthar nech frisin mbethaid suthain PH 8374 . co retarscarus a charpat frialaile corice a bragait (David slaying the lion) ZCP xiii 176.22 = YBL 121b19 . asé ro etarsccar iaidsidhe fri hadhradh iodhal, AFM i 154 z . co ro etarsccarsat leighe a di ordain fris amputated Hugh Roe² 12.27 (f. 7a) . do edarsgarasdair a airm ris, RC xiv 265.2 . With ó: no hetarscarad a menmain ona talmandaib cusna nemdaib, BColm. 104.31 . rometarscarus o dainib, PH 1544 . ro etarscar Dia flaithius...o a maccaib 4248 . 4351 . ni fil...ní nom eterscara o sheirc Crist, 1931 .

II Intrans. leaves, departs from, dissolves: dús in retarscar cairde nDæ whether the covenant of God had departed Ml. 91c1 . cis lir fini tuaithe ┐ cid i n-etarscarat `how many are the family divisions...and how do they separate' (i.e. how are they delimitated) Laws iv 282.16 . ni cuma conimtiagait ┐ etarscarat (.i. ni cutruma ini bis a coimidecht in geimrid don errach ┐ ini eturscaras ris de) 78.3 ; 15 . na bliadhna i n-eturscarait of the year in which they separate (chief and tenant) ii 196.31 Comm. With fri: ma eterróscra fri a fer (si discesserit) Wb. 9d31 . indat Iudei itirroscar(sat) fri hiris, 5b34 . go ro edarsccar fri a eoch `fell from his horse' AFM vi 2026.17 . annsin chomraicess ┐ etorscaruss ferann in rig ┐ duthaigh diúc de L. re aroile here the lands...march Fl. Earls 74.30 .

1 finn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 finn or dil.ie/22134
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: findgil, findban, findflatha, findfocla, finnfoclaibh, findnémand, findtopraib

adj o-ā

(a) white (gen. bright white = Lat. candidus): bright, lustrous . Of color: tarb find, LU 3450 ( SCC 23 ). laith find (i.e. milk), Laws i 64.4 . trisin mbrat find (= pallio albo) Tur. 55 . Inis Bó finde, Fél. Aug. 8 . bolca finda (ref. to vescis candentibus) Ml. 99a4 . isa leth i mbátár na finna the side the white [sheep] were LU 1736 (= trēt gel, 1729 ). an focherded caírig find tar sonnach ... bá dub fó chetóir 1731 . Equat. finnithir canach slébe as white as mountain cotton-grass BDD 109 . Of lustrous objects: síthbe find findairgit, LU 10216 ( TEm. 14 ) = find forargit, LU 8634 ( FB 47 ). úatne finna forórda, LU 3687 ( SCC 33 ). i gcrích Ulad na n-es bfionn, O'Gr. Cat. 453.14 . fionn .i. follas, O'Cl. find .i. taitnemach, Stowe Gl. 175 . O'Cl. (fionn). As subst.: co find na matne till dawn TTr.² 1895 . Cf. corice in findmatin arnámhárach (leg. find, m. a. ?) 1656 . finn (name of letter b in a species of Ogham), Auraic. 5669 .

(b) fair, light-hued (of complexion, hair, etc.): línḟolt find forórdae fair, BDD 75 . find uile in fer sain eter ḟolt ┐ rosc ┐ ulcha ┐ abratchur ┐ dechelt, TBC-LL¹ 5348 = TBC-I¹ 3293 . in dias ... finna dib línaib cona foltaib ┐ a mbrataib ┐ it gilithir snechtae, BDD 99 . ben ... mong find fuirri, TBC-I¹ 2790 . ni thuca in finn ḟotai do not marry a tall fairhaired woman ZCP viii 112.30 . Common as sobriquet in this sense.

As subst.: in fhind robo scíamach 'the fair one that was beautiful', Celtica xxv 23 § 7 .

(c) fair, handsome (oft., but not necessarily, implying fairness of complexion): slog find forderg, LU 3866 ( SCC 38 ). mná finna, LU 8713 ( FB 53 ). nim geib format fri fer find I envy not a handsome man ZCP vi 267.3 . fer find (of Cú Chulainn, described as `dub' LU 8673 . 10218 ) LU 4546 = TBC-I¹ 58 is quoted by O'Cl. in illustration of 5 finn, q.v. In proper names: Be Ḟind, npr. f. LU 10843 . Bé Find, TBFr. § 1 . Bé bhind, Acall. 6904 . Bé Bhionn, DDána 91.17 . (see 1 bé). Ó Dálaigh Fiond (surname), ... ar an ó atá an moladh and sin Ó Dálaigh Ḟind ... ar Dálach atá an moladh and, § 168 , § 169 . In phr. with Donn and Dub meaning a nobody : ​ a n-íoc Fhinn nó Duibh nó Duinn, | ná cuir inn díot 'do not abandon me ... in punishment for a [mere] Fionn or a Dubh or a Donn', Ériu lxiv 164 § 1.12 .

(d) bright, blessed (freq. in religious poetry): is find a mbethu (gl. beati quorum ...) Wb. 2c2 . féil find Fergnai, Fél. Mar. 2 . búaid find Ualentini , Dec. 16 . la paiss find Faustíni , Oct. 8 . ar mbága finna (: thinga, v.l. thenga) Hy vi 17 (`our white fights' Thes.). in Fiada find (of God), Trip. 140.23 . munbad omun Fiadhat find, Ériu ii 229.10 . hi Fíadat find fíni `in the vine of the white Lord' Fél. Ap. 6 . Common epithet of saints: ceol cethri sanct find fichet SR 584 . (cf. seniores ... vestimentis albis Rev. iv 4 ) Fél. Jan. 9 , 14 ; Feb. 24 , Nov. 29 , Dec. 12 , etc. In n.l.: Mag Finn, Metr. Dinds. v 196 . Cf. in Finn faídech (name of a bell), s.v. faídech.

Cf. tarlagsa chucu dia fromad | focal finda filed, Anecd. i 47 § 4 (see also finn-focal in compds. below).

(e) in moral sense, fair, just, true: scél find fír, Ériu iv 132.2 . finda buana mo bretha, ZCP xi 91.8 . finn .i. fīr, Stowe Gl. 383 . fionn .i. fīrinne, O'Cl.

(f) of sounds: bro finn Fiachna `clear shout' O'Dav. 330 . Cf. the compd. finn-chéolán, below.

(g) of blighted corn: tornech ┐ tentich anbail ... gur milled moran do mes ┐ do torad ... ┐ cur fasadur arbanna finna fasa, Ann. Conn. 1328 § 3 (`corn grew whitish and empty' ALC i 607 ).

See finda.

Compds.

I With adj.:

(a) with adj. of color, denoting a light or bright shade (= Fr. clair, Germ. hell):

¤buide light-yellow: folt findbudi, TBC-LL¹ 213 . mongae findbudi BDD 84 ; 103 .

¤gel: Fiada findgel, SR 644 (cf. d above). Maire ... finngel, 4638 . g s m. Fiachach findgil , LL 127b6 ( MacCarthy 154 ). ¤rúad light auburn: ulcha findruad (of the apostle Philip), Ériu iii 194 § 7 . RC viii 363.13 . In: Forainn findruad, SR 3414 , ruad may mean strong.

(b) with other adjs. forming dwandwa-compds. ¤adbal: co flaith findadbail Fāelāin, 'prosperous powerful rule', Ériu xvii 38 § 1 . ¤aelta lime-white, white-washed: ` whitewashed ' P. O'C. don árus fhionnaolta, TSh. 2729 . foirccnemha fionnaolta, AFM v 1798.15 . ¤balc fair and strong: Eochaid findbalc, Metr. Dinds. ii 4.51 .

¤chas fair and curly: fer findcass foltlebor LL 120a43 . folt finnchas, Acall. 5992n .

¤chert: flaith findchert `noble righteous prince' Metr. Dinds. iii 452.39 . ¤fechtnach, see fechtnach. ¤lebor fair and long (or smooth): folt findleabor, Acall. 5992 . ¤lem fair and gentle: ind óg findlem ... | Maire ingen Ebraidé, SR 7503 . ¤mass fair and comely: dán findmas, Anecd. i 60 § 84 . ¤oll: ... A Dē ... | na roib coraither [ = co rāiter ?] immom | do bara findoll find-sa, ZCP viii 561.16 . ¤uar clear (?) and cold: i dtobar fhionnfhuar, TSh. 5047 . i madain focchmair fionnḟuair, AFM ii 932 (quot.). Cf. ind(ḟ)úar. ¤úallach: dáilimh ḟionnuallcha `fair, haughty cupbearers' TD 8.14 .

(c) with adj. derived from subst. compounded with finn: ¤bennach whitehorned , name of the bull of Connacht: LU 10400 . TBC-LL¹ 81 . Metr. Dinds. iii 370.66 (cf. 374.99 ). ¤chlothach: f. Bregh, Ériu xiii 21.22 . ? ¤lúasgach: áile laith ... fionnluasgach lí súla i mbí ina condull (of grain for malting), Ériu xiii 40.27 ( O'Dav. 1199 ). Possibly this belongs to finna. ¤nélach: flaith findnélach, LL 120b8 (cf. —nél). ¤súilech (cf. 3 finn ?), as sobriquet: C. occisus est on Ḟíndṡuilech RC xvii 403.18 (Tig.). AFM ii 884.2 .

II With subst.

(a) in various senses of the simple adj.: ¤airge a milch-herd: ocht fichit f., Acall. 514 . 1887 . 5985 (cf. 2 finn). ¤alt see finnalt. ¤argat white silver: síthbe findargit, LU 9262 . s. find findairgit 10216 . claideb co u-imdurnn findarcaid, TBC-I¹ 3345 . ¤bantracht band of fair women Acall. 5289 . ¤ben: g p. tri .l. findban , 6905 . ¤bile, fig. of pers.: in findbile `the noble prince ' Metr. Dinds. ii 8.1 . ZCP viii 226.19 . ¤bla: fál fri findblai `with a fair lawn' Metr. Dinds. ii 6.66 . ¤bliadain: cethri fichit findbliadna, LL 127b3 ( MacCarthy 154 ). ¤charn white carn: TBC-LL¹ 1203 (= carnd ngel, LU 5103 ). ¤cheólán blessed (?) bell: mór do findcheolanaib ceilebartha, Acall. 2610 . ar findcheolanuibh trath, 327 . ¤chles: finnclesa TBC-LL¹ 5512 St. ¤chóelach white (i.e. peeled) wattles: cét marclach do fhinnchaeluch (for building a house), Lism. L. 1572 . árach fionnchaolaigh, AFM vi 2218.1 . ¤choire: see findchoire. ¤delg white (i.e. silver) pin: .x. findelga (.i. airget), Ériu ii 5.5 . ¤ḟénnid: Iriel Fáid f., LL 127b17 ( MacCarthy 158 ). ¤feth: fine calm weather (? Cf. findbad): dorala f. doib for an ffairge, Leb. Gab.(i) i 258.11 . ¤flaith: g s. findflatha , BDD 100c (Y 1015 ). ¤focal fair word; magic (?) word: a p. ór nad fil lem ... findfocla frismberad F. fursunnud fiss, LL 259b29 ( IT i 68 ). fir domuin ... no ṡídaigfed da thrí finndfoclaib, LL 267b41 ( MU² 759 ). d p. i fis ┐ i foglaim ┐ i finnfoclaibh filedh, CCath. 4411 . basa bodhar foglime i findfocluib fis, ZCP xii 365.19 . ¤folt (of wave crests) Thes. ii 290.4 . ¤gáire a pleasant laugh: cia ro thibe fion[n]gāire, ZCP vi 267 § 6 . ¤gein: findgein Magdaléna `blessed nativity' Fél. July 22 . cf. findgen grían, ZCP xi 109 § 15 . ¤Goídel: sliocht fionnGaoidil, Léachtaí Cholm Cille xxiv 110 § 47 . ¤lebar: do findleabraib trāth (books of hours), Acall. 2610 . re finnleabhraibh fileadh, TD 5.7 . ¤maten dawn, morning: corice in findmatin arnámhárach, TTr.² 1656 (possibly find, m., see under a above). ¤mónann cowberry: ethad in ḟindmonai[n] (leg. ḟindmonainn; in ḟínemain, ind finemain, v.ll.) na [in in] brecce na crand crin 'essen sie die Preißelbeere oder die Rinde(?) dürrer Bäume', ZCP xxx 150.31 . ¤nél: white mist: findnél na cailce, RC xiii 456.19 (cited under finnell .i. nell fionn, O'Cl. Cf. finnell). ¤nem: fortacht ar Fíadat findnime, Hy iii 4 . ¤némand white pearl: g p. frossa findnémand , TBC-LL¹ 208 . ¤rop the small intestine: see findrop. ¤ṡlúag, Fél. May 23 . ¤sruth a fair stream: as n. fl. MU² 264 . findṡruth arggait, Imr. Brain § 40 . Fig.: nis fuinchessa co finnsrothaib airchetail .i. [na filid] icatāit na srotha taitnemhacha , ( O'D. 1220 (< H 2.15A p. 85 - 6 ). filidh nis fuinchesa go ffiondṡrothaibh aircheadail, Ériu xiii 51.12 . ( O'Mulc. 600 ). Finnsruth Fithil (name of a law tract), Laws i 120.1 Comm. Here perhaps: ara naisc finnsruth findtigha, Laws iv 38.10 (emended to ¤sru[i]th, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 137 , perhaps wrongly). Cf. the adj. findsrothach (versed in the (treatise) `Finnsruth' ?): dia mba brethem ba faṡach, ba f., O'D. 2227 ( Nero A vii, 153a ). ¤topar fair, clear spring: d s. mor do findtopraib , SR 500 .

(b) forming stable compds. in which the meaning of the subst. is modified: ¤choll whitebeam (?) (ZCP xvii 177-84 , Celtica xi 118 ): fidṡlatta findchuill, TBC-LL¹ 1434 . lorg findchuill, Acall. 3489 . ¤fúarad cooling, refreshment , see ind(ḟ)úar and cf. ¤úar above. Hence finnfúaraigid refreshes: an t-aiéor fhionnfhuaruighios mé, Mac Aingil 43.8 . ¤scél a story, a legend: se fichit findscél na fíann | foclas cech fili, LL 145a49 . finn-sgéal filidheachta, TSh. 7418 . Keat. ii 2336 . ¤scoth [leg. fíon— ?] hound's tongue (plant-name) Hog. Luibhl. cionoglosa .i. an ḟionscoith, 23 K 42, 400.2 . ¤uma white copper (species of bronze ?): fedana finduma, Acall. 2441 . fetan f., 7600 (of brooches). sceith co caladbualtib finnuma, LL 266b16 ( MU² 609 ). sonnach finduma, Anecd. ii 7.1 . Cf. findruine.

(c) occas. seems used in an ironical sense: as an bhfionnfregradh sin (of an opponent's answer), Luc. Fid. 295.15 . go gcead d[obh]ar bhfionnraidhtibhsi your glib assertions 207.1 .

(d) in poetry freq. prefixed to names of persons, tribes and places: fionnMhuire, Dán Dé ii 21 . fionnGhaoidhil, TD 1.56 . re fóir bhfionnBhaoille, 16.62 .

III In proper names.

(a) of persons: see Zimmer, KZ xxxii 158 ff ., Meyer, Wortk. 213 .

(b) common in place-names: Finn-glas, ¤glenn, ¤loch, ¤mag, etc., see Onom.

(c) in people-names: ¤gall a fair-haired foreigner orig. applied to Norwegians settled in Ireland (opp. to Dubgall Dane): Ragnall ... rí Finngall ┐ Dubgall, AU 920 . forgla Frangc ┐ Findgall, MR 110.11 . Later used of the Anglo-Norman invaders and their descendants, opp. to Gall = a contemporary invader: araill d'uaislibh na bFionnghall dusfangatar an insi fecht riamh ... ind agaidh na nGall dusficcset fa dheóidh a críochaibh Saxan, Hugh Roe 12.4 (f. 3a) . an Róisteach ... ┐ a bhen ... d'écc ... ┐ ni bhaí dfionnghallaibh Ereann ... lánamain rob oirdearca ináit-sidhe, AFM v 1798.11 . Of people of Hebrides (see Rannsachadh na Gàidhlig i 13 ): Ailín ler coisnadh clár Fionnghall, Rel. Celt. ii 218.5 . Crioch Fhionnghall anaimsir ailín, 220.21 . ¤ genti white heathens (contr. with Dub-g., q.v.), Norsemen: lucht ocht xxi t long di ḟindgentib AU 851 . Finngheinnte, Keat., iii 2457 . ¤lochlonnach a Norwegian (opp. to Dubl. a Dane); `a name given in Ireland to a Norweigian signifying Lakelander, in contradiction to a Dane who was called Dubhlochlannach i.e., a more foreign or strange lakelander' P. O'C. [gairthear] Fionnlochlonnaigh do lucht na Noruaegia, Keat. iii 2457 . Also the people of the Hebrides: Éireannaigh féin fionnLochlannaigh the Hebrideans are also Irish, CMCS xxxviii 23 . ¤lochlanna the Hebrides: i mbun a ghabháltuis féin i nAlbuin, agus i bhFionnlochlonnaibh, L. Cl. A. B. 51 § 7 . ¤genti `fair gentiles' (Norwegians) Cog. 20z . See AFM i p. 482 .

fothrucud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fothrucud or dil.ie/24202

 

Forms: fothrugud, fothragadh, fathragadh, fothaircthe, fothaircthib, fothorcadh, fothracadh, foirthicadh, foirticidh, -adh

n u, m. n s. in fothrugud , Hy v 38 . fothragadh fathragadh, IGT III § 65 . g p. fothaircthe, d p. fothaircthib Sg. 217a4 , cf. fothorcadh (fothracadh v.l.), Anecd. i 68 § 160 ( YBL 8b ), foirthicadh, RC xxix 144 § 68 ( Eg. 106, 49b ), g s. ? foirticidh [leg. -adh ? See below] RC xxix 110 § 3 ( Eg. 106 45a ).

(a) bathing, washing , generally, but not exclusively, of immersing the body: fothrucad ... .i. in corp uile fou, Corm. Y 597 (where it is distinguished from indlat). na derntar isin domnach ... folcad na f.¤ na nige, Ériu ii 200 § 17 . coraig in cloich isin tsruth | dēna fuirri f.¤ | ...co riae in t-usce do brāgait, SR 1598 . co n-acca in n-óclaig oca f.¤ isind abaind, LU 5224 (= ḟothrocod, TBC-I¹ 745 ). dogní [sic leg.] C. a fatracud washes himself IT iii 195 § 36 . arna ḟ.¤ na ḟuil, LL 171a50 ( CRR 4 ). fuil righḟlatha ┐ t'fothragad eisde, RC xliii 120 § 123 . tige fochraicthi (= fothraicthe), Alex. 594 . R. do écc in ndabaigh ḟothraicthe, AFM iii 354.11 . Freq. of washing as a rite of hospitality: boí ... día réir co fothrocud ┐ co folcud ┐ co lennaib inmescaib, LU 9048 ( FB 79 ). as liomsa ... tosach fothraiccthi re bfleidh, ZCP viii 219 § 8 . tosach failte is fothraccaidh (: cain), BNnÉ 255.20 . cf. doroinedh umhla fosaich ┐ foirticidh doibh (which is evidently a corruption of ... umalosaic ┐ fothrucud ...) RC xxix 110 § 3 . o ḟothraictib (-ruicib v.l.) teeib na ḟuaraib, Alex. 866 . dāla in fothraice ... as to bathing ... Ériu v 24.25 . doronait gretha glanḟothraicthi leo, LL 174b44 ( CRR 24 ). dognither gríthgretha do glanḟ.¤ dóib LL 253b45 ( TFerbe 84 ). dorónait gretha glanfothraicthe dóib LL 109b41 ( R.C. xiv 416 ). do rindedh fliuchcaomhna foilcthe ┐ fothraicthe dhóibh, ITS v 82.23 (other exx. s.v. fliuch-). Folld. by defining gen.: foithraicedh criadh (as a cure) a mud-bath (?) ZCP x 303.14 (H 2.12; corresp. to TBC-LL¹ p. 517 ). fothrugadh luaidhe a bath of (molten) lead Ériu iii 164y , cf. lind luaidi do legad ... ┐ fuil ... do theistin isin lind luaide ┐ fothrucad do ass, YBL 137a21 = ZCP iii 227 ). fathrucud fín, Ériu vii 200 § 8 . a bḟothraigthibh fola (of corpses on a battle-field) ML 130.26 ( ML² 1745 ). (Fig.) tobar féile ... do cháidh faoi da fothrogadh, Aithd. D. 18.33 .

Cf. édach na manach dia diunnach ┐ fothraccadh, BNnÉ 296 § 31 , where it may mean washing (clothes), but probably belongs to (b) below.

Of annealing: a dhá ṡleagh ... ar na bhḟothrughadh [sic] as fuil nathrach (perh. merely `dipped' in their finished state), OCT 176 x ( Atlantis iv ). cf. a nDia a lochthobar na leag | cia an foth[r]agadh nach fuairsead ? Ó Héodhusa p. 3 .

(b) a bathing-place, a bath: fothragadh (gl. balneum), Ir. Gl. 822 . in t[h]erma .i. hi linn nó hi fothrugud, RC xviii 385 (cf. YBL 137a cited above). ocna fothaircthib (gl. ad balneas) Sg. 217a4 . corice in fothracud hi Raid Both `the bath at Raphoe' Cáin Ad. 23 . don cloich fothraicthe (stone for heating water), Laws i 68.18 Comm. cf. fotracud forsin clárudh cen tincur o dhune acht na clocha ind ┐ ass IT iii 195 § 36 .

See next.

imdorus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imdorus or dil.ie/27500

 

n u, n. later o, m. frame of a door, lintel (?), porch, portico: iomdhoras .i. fordhoras, O'Cl. .i. fardhoras, or rather, ard-doras `the lintel of a door,' P. O'C. inna imdoirsea inna loc cossecarthae gl. claustra, Ml. 92d5 . ro derscaigestar a tech ... eter irscartad ocus i.¤ do thigib inna hamsiri sin uli, LU 8048 (FB). do-bert a luie frisin comlai co Iluid a chos trethe corice a glún ... to-bert ... a lue afridisi co mboí a n-i.¤ isin tenlug fó, MU² 964. co fordoirsibh cuiprisibh co dtairsightibh segdha ... cona comladaibh gorma ... co mbreactradh do gemaibh criostail im cech n-i.¤ `round every door-frame,' TBC-LL¹ 5609. iar mbrised do Phirr ind imdorais ┐ iar tafhonn na cométaide robátar isin dorus, TTr.² 1884. ar fot ... na n-urdhom ┐ na n-imdhorsi im puplib inn airdrigh, CCath. 4442. co dorus érdaim imdorais in dúnaid dīanechtair `to the outer door of the entrance porch of the fortress,' MacCongl. 87.21 . tar imdhóirsibh na Temrach `through the gates of Tara,' Duan. F. i 57.17 . teit iarsin Sibill reme i n-umdorus iffirn, Aen. 1294. adhnait ... teinte ┐ tennāla ... a n-imdoirsip a tteghdhuissighe, Fl. Earls 186.x . iomdhorus um an dteach i dtám | sreath clár as tiormsholus taobh `the portcullis of the castle I am in,' DDána 119 § 17 (transltd. Ir. Monthly 1923, 641 § 17 ).

Used fig. of the eyes, eyelids ? : druidis an Coimdhe imdoirsi a amhairc gur bo dall, BNnÉ 322 § 32. tar imdoirsib a imcaisi, MR 270.3 . d'osslugad imdorais a roisc, 114.11 .

líachtu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. líachtu or dil.ie/30114

 

Forms: líachtain

n n, f. (Lat. lectio). By-form 2 líacht, q.v. Later also líachtain (g s. -ana, -aine).

(a) passage, text, lesson, lection : tectaid in liachtu-sa cid etargnai moralla, PH 4599 . ro-scrib Matha in liachtain nóim-sea, 2984 . ro-scríb M. in liachtu noíb-sea, 4419 . coibnes na liachtan-sa, 4734 . etargna . . . na liachtana-so, 3448 . gebid side da liachtan dec dont soscela, Ériu v 32.4 . go cceilebhraidis náoi liachtana i bhFel S. Clára `they shall serue the feast of S. Clare with nine Lessons', RSClára 74 § 7 . is liachtain leasuighthe ar chiach do charadsa / an sian so leathas, Ó Bruad. iii 222.1 .

In phrases l.¤ apstal, l.¤ soscéli epistle, gospel of mass : liachtu apstal ┐ l.¤ sosceli, LB 251a37 . corice liachtain na n-apstal, 32 . Cf. coibnes na liach[t]aini noib, Rawl. B 512, 74b (Plummer MS. notes).

(b) act of reading; reading : liachtreoir . . . iarsani legas co toirithnigit a liactaine, Laws v 22.5 Comm . liachtain ┐ celebrad `lection' (reading?), Ériu iii 100.

Cf. lechtain.

méit, mét

Cite this: eDIL s.v. méit, mét or dil.ie/31852
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: mét, méit, méite, méid, méd, méid, méda, méit, meid, méti, méit

n (see Thurn. Hdb. 179 ) f. n s. mét, Ml. 64d7 , 87d9 etc. (usual O.Ir. form). méit, Wb. 19d23 , cf. 14a3 , Sg. 30a10 . a d s. méit. g s. inna méite , Sg. 151a5 . In later Mid.Ir. and Mod.Ir. also with non-palatal final & somet. masc. méid f., IGT Dec. § 14.17 . méd (lethan), m. g s. méid, méda, § 38.11 .

Greatness, magnitude (of size, quantity, number, extent, degree); somet. inabsol. sense oppd. to smallness, but more commonly indef. denoting size, etc., in general whether great or small. méit, gl. magnitudo, Ir. Gl. 922. ar meit (magnitudine), Ml. 48c10 . ho meit (mole), 81b4 . huan méit (granditate), 122a13 . inna méite (quantitatis), Sg. 151a5 . hi meit ┐ lagait in greatness and smallness, 26a11 . delb mesarda iter mét ┐ laigit, PH 1968. fon lámthorad méit loighet whether great or small, Cáin Ad. § 53 (advbl.). is i a meid .i. mor ┐ beg, Auraic. 676.

I As subst.,

(a) of amount, extent, degree, folld. by part. gen. or DE: co rofessed méit for serce, Wb. 14d16 . mét ┐ trummae ind rucae, Ml. 87d9 . ar meit in gníma, 48c10 . iar mét a pectha, 77a7 . is dirím méit trocaire Dé, PH 6474. for mét a phéne, LB 154b6 . co méit noíbe, Fél. Prol. 6. co mét ṁbuafaid, TBC-LL¹ 3092. figlem, lēgem . . . cach i mmeit a neirt each according to his strength, ACL iii 314.7 . re ro-met a n-itad, Cog. 52.15 . co ngloir ┐ anoir na meti-sea (= cum tanto honore et gloria), PH 4477 , cf. 4485 . Méit menman high spirit, pride (see 1 menma): leag seol do mhéada menma, P. Bocht 96 § 2 . In alleg. npr.: mac Genna maic Cuitbiudha maic Meite-nach-modh (i.e. excessive greatness or arrogance?), Anecd. ii 57.2 .

(b) of physical size or stature: íar méit chorpdai, LU 2558 ( RC xxv 238 § 9 ). ni ra bi la Ultu láth gaile rosassad leth méite fair who could come up to half his size, FB 91. i cionn a sé mbliadan déc | do ba lór don mhac a mhét, SG 65.3 . ro sháraigh na uili macu ar mét, RC x 188.3 . ra gabastar muad-chloich méti clochi mulind of the size of a millstone, TBC-LL¹ 3728. ingantach leo a roi-mhēd (of a fish), Fl. Earls 64.26 . g s. as attrib.: coica ech dergdond sith-méti of great length and size(?), TFerbe 10 . sluag . . . scíthméite (i.e. so big that it would tire one to count), Metr. Dinds. iii 256.

(c) of number: la mméit inna n-imned, Ml. 95b13 . co méit míle many thousands, Fél. Mar. 17. ba he met in chomthinoil . . . da espuc dec ar tri cetaib, PH 573. rambia fot sáegail ┐ mmed clainne, Ériu ii 210.15 . ni fuil airim ara med do cleirchib, RC xviii 30.33 .

(d) exceptionally in concrete sense: cid ara ndernsat Greic in met romor ut int ech, Aen. 462 (= molem hanc immanis equi, Aeneid ii 150 ). Cf. fer meite coimse `of small means', Laws iv 352.18 Comm. ropo ruiri co ro-méit, LL 127a51 `with exceeding greatness', MacCarthy 154 § 1 ).

(e) common in chevilles: met cath, SR 7235. met gal, 1507 . met rath, 7325 . méit búadae, Fél. Jan. 16. méd n-amm, Metr. Dinds. iii 198. mét snúad, ii 68 . met n-anḟis, Ériu iv 92 § 5. mét barc, LL 8b22 = med mbarc, BB 31a53 .

(f) cia m.¤? how much (many)? cia mmeit (gl. quanta), Ml. 25c4 , (quantum), 26a10 . ce mét aimmser how many times , Sg. 25b16 . ni fetar a rím . . . ca med ros-ordaig Dia pian adbul, PH 7329. ní idir mé gá méad lá, Dán Dé xxii 7. gá mhéd uair doríne an ghoid how often , Mac Aingil 176.19 . cá mhéad ní-sa mhó ná sin how much more , Proverbs xi 31.

II In various stereotyped or idiomatic phrases:

(a) is í (é, ed) mét, with gen. such is the greatness (amount, etc.) of: issí inso méit inna failte, Wb. 19d23 . hisí mét a suidigthe (gl. adeo), Thes. ii 11.40 ( BCr. 18b9 ). ba he mét a n-omain co na boi oen-duine díb cen cretem, PH 2481. ba he med na dochraidi co mba hecin etc., RC xxiv 190 § 1. Similarly: isid méit, Sg. 30a10 . is heid méit, ib. 14 (both gl. quantus).

(b) ní ed a m.¤ (folld. by subord. clause) not only , used in Glosses to transl. Lat. non tantum (solum): ni ed a met demnigmi-ni ar ndligeda not only do we confirm our sayings, Ml. 35b1 . ní ed a m.¤ nad [anad MS.] robae etugud Dǽ desom not only was there no jealousy, 32d10 . ní ed a m.¤ foilsigther ind inne, Sg. 211a10 .

(c) atá de méit (with gen.) so great (much) is . . .: roboi du meit a pecthae-som combu uisse a n-epeltu so great were their sins, Ml. 98c6 . ata do meid a sherce agum co mud duthracht lim feis les so much do I love him, Aen. 679. biaid do met a fergi so great will his anger be, Cog. 94.11 . bá dethbir són ém ce robaí do mét in chotulta boí do mét na athscísi it was natural that the length of (his) sleep should be proportioned to (his) fatigue, TBC-I¹ 1820 = TBC-LL¹ 2471 , where the construction is confused. ata do met is luigtech in dobriathar so weak is the adverb, Auraic. 4232. With poss. pron.: ferais tromṡnechta . . . ┐ baí da mét co roiched co formnaib fer, TBC-LL¹ 625. atá dha mhét d'ulc dorónais . . . nach saílim, etc. thou hast done so much harm, Acall. 3563.

(d) is méite it is much, it is of moment (= Lat. rei interest)? with neg. ní m.¤ it is no great matter; it is not surprising ? ni meite bid machdad forgare forru, Sg. 161b12 ; `not so very wonderful would be command to them' edd. Thes. ni méte dúibsi ni coitsi[d] frinni, Wb. 17b32 (context obscure, prob. corrupt). ní méti do-som an déicsin andiaráid sin, BDD 109 (for suggested emendations of both passages see Ériu x 191 ).

is méite lim(m) I deem it much, of importance; I desire? ba méite limm ni scartha friumm I would fain thou hadst not parted from me (? gl. desiderans te videre), Wb. 29d8 . másu oénadaig . . . fesi dam-sæ la Líadain, | méti la láech nod-fiad | ind adaig ní archriad a layman who would spend the night (with L.) would be fain that it did not wear out (?), Liad. and Cuir. 20.6 . meti [lim] ni badam beó | d'ingnais rig Maige da cheo I had rather not live without, LL 276a41 . meite lais na raitéd in talmain amail sige séig, MS. Mat. 473.4 = meti les no raited in trogain sín sighi se[i]g `he sped over the earth like the darting of a hawk', RC xiii 222.15 . médithir lem na [leg. no?] tairissed cuil . . . form' íarcómla for a déni, MacCongl. 85.6 (where Meyer emends: midithir) may be a reminiscence of this construction (= it would have been all the same to me if a fly . . . had alighted on my posterior?).

ba méite it would be desirable, fitting, natural: bá méte ná cotlad nech oc á imrádud, LU 1368 ( RC xxi 378.11 ). ba méite cach cride rod-car con-bóssad 'it were likely that every heart that loved him should burst', Brislech 668 . bá méte no beth i scélaib . . . a ndoróni Hechtoir, TTr.² 947. (folld. by cond.) ba méte leo ná fagēbtáis a ndoithin debtha co forcenn mbetha . . . Ba méite leo . . . no brufitís múrv na Trói (= it seemed to them they could never glut their desire for combat?), 1465 . uair is e cetna bescno . . . ba mede co mbad leithiu quam gach mbescna it were natural that it should be more comprehensive than any (other) speech, Auraic. 34. méte ann ó chách gan a chleith it were not likely it would be concealed (?), Keat. i p. 192 (poem). ba médi consnaidfi in tíag (= be sure to take great care of), Arch. Hib. iv 204.13 .

For a discussion of the phrase: is (ba) méite, folld. by a dependent subjunctive, see Ériu x 190 - 2 , where Bergin takes it as = it is (would be) likely .

(e) in méit, folld. by rel. clause, as much (many) as; those who (whom): in met fuil o talmain corice suide (i.e. the distance), Laws i 28.17 Comm. in file . . . acras in mhed na dlighenn who claims an amount to which he is not entitled, 58.17 Comm. in met ata a n-oghacht dibh as many of them as are unmarried, ZCP vi 26.19 . na gnéithe . . . nach cóir a ttús chomhfhocal ┐ an mhéd nach cóir 'na ndeireadh those which are incorrect at the end, IGT Introd. § 2. grádhuighim an mhéid grádhuighios mé, Proverbs viii 17. do sgríobhadh na méide a fuaras don tsenchas to write all I could find, MS. Mat. 554.18 .

Similarly with poss. pron. or cach: a méad do lean Lúiceifear, Dán Dé v 12. gach mét do ghairdechus dorinnedur ann, ní féttur a innisin the amount of rejoicing . . . cannot be told, RC xix 146 § 122. gach meit bhias for nech dhe sin, is moidi a anoir leo-som the more of it (tattooing) there is on a person, Marco P. § 119. gach med do arachtus doni the greater your prowess, Aen. 2898.

III As adv.

(a) in méit (acc.) so much, to such a degree: in méit so (gl. adeo), Enchir. Aug. 70a ( ZCP vii 480 ). in meit so (tantum), Ml. 65d5 . in meit se (tam), 93b2 . Sg. 42b6 . Similarly with prep.: arun méit se ni cuming (tam non potest), Thes. ii 6.31 .

(b) méit (acc.?), folld. by subst. in acc. or later gen., as big as = méitithir: dosbili . . . méit gamlías; súili . . . méit chore, FB 91. méit cliab [cleib v.l.] buana in dosbili as large as a reaping-basket, BDD 97. in da míol . . . mett telach no cenn sleibi cechtar de, IT iii 237.76 . anmanda . . . méit eich aighnigh, Anecd. i 53 § 23. Cf. ba meti cend fir in chnú, LL 116b18 . Similarly mé(i)t is: rícisi teneadh . . . met is fiadubla, BB 382b10 . meit is ri habraid a derc (.i. chommeit ri cori), IT i 163.1 . ( LL 208a16 ).

(c) as rel. adv. introducing a subord. clause, as much as, as far as, to the extent that: meit atan echtrainn (= quanto externi sunt), Ml. 72d15 . meit as sochmacht as much as it well can, Thes. ii 2.32 ( Acr. 5d4 ). met nad frithbeir (quantum non obsistit), 36.27 , cf. 19.32 . meid ataí-siu ac cessacht ḟorm-sa, TBC-LL¹ 3695. Similarly with art. or poss. pron.: in mét beta firién in doini, is in méit sin is téchtae doib dilgadche in proportion as men are righteous, forgiveness is fitting for them, Ml. 56a20 . in meit ba glan a chorp . . . is e méit bá glana a ainimm, PH 469. is e a mét ros-lín oman so greatly did fear possess them, 1121 . ba he a mét ro raid so co n-ingantaigtis `such was the force with which he uttered this', 6589 . as e a med ro thuaircset he, Aen. 2329. a mēt rohsantoig nem nār | nach tēt grād inn altōir ūad so much he longed for heaven that love of the altar never left him, ACL iii 306 § 6. beith mar bhím a mhéad as meise mé féin as long as I am myself (i.e. alive), Dán Dé xxiii 17. With prep. ar: is de atberthe in siriti de ar a met no delbad i n-ilrechtaib, FB 75. ar a mét ra thálsat na halma a loim because of the abundance of milk the herds gave, TBC-LL¹ 1591. ni erchoitigfet [na demna] duit ar a mét ro imgabais iat, PH 8342. ar a mét ba forbailid lais in áirc . . . do thorachtain so great was his joy at the arrival of the ark, LB 130b8 . Cf. on meid adaimter i trebad `since (? to the extent that) he is recognized', Laws v 284. 29 , quoted by O'Dav. 1261 with gl. meit .i. uair because (a mistaken inference).

(d) cech méit in proportion (as): cech méit is moo in onoir i mbi nech, is í sin mét is guasacht dó (= quanto maior honor, tanto maius periculum), PH 4114. cach mét ro fhás in gorta . . . is é mét ro erig menma . . . na crechaired, LB 154b18 . Similarly: nach mét bes n-ire ó Adam (gl. quanto posterius quisque), Enchir. Aug. 86b ( ZCP vii 485 ). cacha ra ba di mét a thurse great as was his fatigue, FB 85 (= ce ro bai do meit a toirsi, Eg.) is a contamination of this construction and II (c).

(e) in later lang. with art., folld. by subord. clause, in so far as, inasmuch as, because: dogeb-sa ó Día, an meid as dalta damh é, co ticfidh a trocaire air since he is my foster-son, BCC § 314. an mheid nach lor leat … sinde do bheathughadh, Carswell 2073 , see also Éigse ix 5 . ionnas gur ttugadh, an mhéid gur dhuine é, díol ceart do Dhia inasmuch as he was man, Ó Héodhusa 55.16 . thug [Dia] úghdarras dó . . . an mhéid gurab é mac an duine, John v 27. gurab é an tAthair is tosach don Tríonóid, an mhéid go bhfuil, ┐ gurab uaidh do geineadh an Mac inasmuch as He exists (i.e. is Being), Eochairsg. 38.23 ; 76.23 . With art., followed by agus (ocus): an mhéid agas go bfuilmaoid ar ar dteagasg lét easbul naomhtha, Carswell 1067 . an méid agas go bfuilmaoid diumdhach dhīnd féin, 845 . in mhéid agas go raibhe sé 'na Dhia, 469 .

(f) dá mhéid however great, much (late): is beag gach sochair dá mhéad, Content. vi 188. dá mhéad bhios ag cor 'na cheann no matter how many are against him, xxviii 58 . dá mhéid eagna ┐ neart bhíos aca, TSh. 3500. an tí chuireas a dhóigh i nduine dá mhéid, 618 .

See also méitithir.

1 nú

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 nú or dil.ie/33320

 

adv. (< núe, núa) now; lately, recently (poet.): is nu nad mair .i. is nu atbath, LU 575 = ACC 11 ( RC xx 160 ). adfet co nú .i. no aisneded co rici nú until now, LU 881 = corice nu, ACC 66 ( RC xx 260 ). ? cid náci[d]-fitir nuu, ZCP iii 216.8 = LU 9703.

tairgille

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tairgille or dil.ie/39705

 

Forms: t., tairgille, tairgille, tairgillne, taircill, taircealla, tairgille, tairgille, tairgille, tairgille, tairgille

n io, n. (?). t.¤ nairaib, Laws iv 114.12 . 176.7 . g s. re in tairgille , v 446.4 Comm. a haithle na tairgille (? g p.), H 3.17 col. 439 ( O'D. 559 ). (cf. do-airgella, and tairgell, Laws iv 314.16 . i 274.5 Comm. ). tairgillne, ii 120.z Comm. taircill, ii 124.5 and taircealla, iv 114.24 may belong to tairchell, see infra.

A legal term of somewhat unclear meaning.

(a) security given by a tenant to his neighbours for compensation for damage which may be caused to their property by his domestic animals and bees; `fore-pledge, advance security ,' Críth G. Gloss. s.v. tairgell . The amount was 2 screpalls (see also MacNeill, Law of status 309 footnote , Bürgschaft 60 ): smachta peata chuirre ocus circe ... t.¤ nairaib; ... .i. do chind tairgilli icaitir a smachta .i. gell toirithnech airi gell da screpall, Laws iv 114.12 , 16 . bíit i trén(a)ib tíre tonaccmaing t.¤ , ZCP xii 366.19 = MacNeill, Law of status 310.80 . cach tairgilli cona cai[th]che .i. na meich .i. cach gell toirithnech no in fiach duine-caithche (sic leg.), Laws iv 70.2 (text), ( 9 Comm. ). alidside taurgille nairib tar tir bes da nesom `additional pledge is required for them that they pass not beyond the land which is nearest to them' (of bees), iv 162.2 . Cf. 176.1 . cip dune lasain ba usu taurguille nairiu olldate smacht `whoever he be that deems it easier to give additional pledge than `smacht'-fines,' 176.7 , cf. O'Dav. 985. The usage in the case of bees seems to have varied: rucus tairgilli ar bechaib. —Ba gō, ZCP xv 319 § 12 . annsom hi taurgillib t.¤ ar bechaib the t.¤ for bees is the severest (?), the most difficult to assess (?), 320.10 = Laws iv 162.1 . caithche beach tra, id caith(ch)e fil do suidhaib, ni t.¤ , 114.23 Comm.

(b) added security required when a debt, etc. was not paid on the day appointed, ` overpledge ,' O'Don. Suppl. From some of the follg. exx., however, it would appear to have been some kind of interest (`addition to accumulated fine or interest ,' O'Don. Suppl.): t.¤ fri faill, H 3.17 col. 439 ( O'D. 559 ). uide anta in re iarsa mbi in athgabail ar anad ar ud i laim cintaig. t.¤ ar na gellaib risin re sin the period of delayed payment is the time during which the whole distress remains in the possession of the debtor (in excess of the time allotted for payment ?). Additional security (interest ?) is added to the original security for that period, Laws iii 326.5 . atait a tri dosliat tairgilli i faill oin co aige .i. casc no nollac .i. islan acht co tora is na laithib sin hi, ocus mana tora, is tairgilli do rith ria o sin amach there are three things that incur additional security (interest ?) for non-payment of a debt with a fixed term, e.g. Easter or Christmas; i.e. it is free (of `tairgille') provided it be paid within that period, and if not it is liable to additional security (interest ?) from then on, 492.11 . t.¤ ar na gellaib re re nanta, 324.21 . fri smacht domitter tairgill a laiget. fri dire domiter a meit, H 3.18, 304 ( O'Curry 630 ). The period during which a debt, etc. was free of `tairgille' varied according to circumstances; once in force the `tairgille' increased till it reached the value of `lándíre': slan do fir fine in bo meth ... co treisi ┐ t.¤ leo a treisi amach corici lan diri; slan do ... in lulgach ... co cuici, ┐ aithgin mblechta ┐ gnimraid o cuici co dechmaid, ┐ t.¤ o dechmaid corice lan-dire; ┐ dia mbe timgaire ... is t.¤ leo focetoir, Laws v 444.29 ff. Comm. mat míol forsa saoilter bisech ... is rith for a t.¤ co nomadh, H 3.17 col. 439 ( O'D. 559 ). is cona dire .i. is cona landire toibgither he in terrech iar [r]e t.¤ , it is with its full `díre' that the fine is exacted after the period of `tairgille' (?), Laws ii 352.y Comm. cetharda in tairgill: lan n-diri ar di laithe dec, leth diri ar se laithe, trian ndiri ar ceithri laithib, ocus cethruimi diri ar tri laithe the `tairgille' has four stages: (it is equivalent to) full `dire' at the end of twelve days, (to) half `díre' at the end of six, etc., i 274.5 Comm. eneclann a comrith fri t.¤ no rith for eneclainn a haithle na t.¤ , H 3.17 col. 439 ( O'D. 559 ).

fear t.¤ .i. aigne ` pledgeman ,' Laws i 288.21 Comm. 302.18 . Cf. fer tairchill s.v. tairchell.

1 úachtar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 úachtar or dil.ie/42581
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: íochdar, úachda

n (earlier óchtar q.v.) o, n., later m. íochdar úachda, IGT, Decl. § 11 .

(a) the upper part or surface of anything, the top : is coīle 'sa coīle corice a ū.¤ , Corm. Y 262 (of a cowl). nathir doilbth[e], ..., | derbaid for a firuachtur (of Moses' rod), SR 4332 . lassar ..., dub a íchtur, derg a medón ┐ a uachtor, LU 2147 . cechair .i. cec[h]air a huachtar ┐ uisce a hichtar ... laith .i. feith ┐ uisce for a hu.¤ , O'Dav. 514 . focheird im ú.¤ in corthe, LU 4698 . lá ro boí Condla ... for láim a athar i n-uachtor Usnig, LU 9994 . ciṅgid C. ..., co mbái for u.¤ cobraidi scéith N., TBC-LL¹ 1996 ( LL 73a29 ). ar (for) ú.¤ over (of clothes): do gabh uime ar u.¤ a éideadh í put it on over his armour (viz. an léine), ML 42.20 . leinte geala ar u.¤ earradh a marcsluaigh, Rel. Celt. ii 200.14 . ar u.¤ cacha daibche, MR 130.2 . atchiu trí neollu, nél glan, ... néll glas, ... néll derg ... | atciu ann ar a n-u.¤ , Acall. 7591 . upper part (of a house): u.¤ tighe fan chléir chuire, | fine Néill ag suidhe síos, L. Cl. A. B. 198.71 . Of a grave : ro adnacusa he i n-uachtur m'adnocuil fén, PH 1533 . i n-uachtur in ādnocuil, 1558 . nit ic na diablaib i n-a u.¤ (comparing the avaricious man to a decaying tree), 7746 . Of the air : saighnen ... tísadh a hu.¤ aeoir docum talman `from the upper region of the air,' CCath. 362 . Fig.: Césair do toidecht a féic[i] ┐ a huachtur in domain .i. asin Roim, 372 . i n-u.¤ an chláir at the top of the table , Corp. Astron. 106 § 40 .

Contrasted with íchtar: ni accatarsom cinnas boí thís a híchtur nó a huachtur túas fora hairde, LU 1927 . dichetal for ochtraig co rathochra a mbí ina íchtur for a ú.¤ do choṅgna ... `so that all ... that are below come to the top,' Triads 117 . is cuma leis cia dhíobh bhíos i n-u.¤ no i n-íochtar an mhála, TSh. 868 . an té do bhíodh a n-u.¤ ar ball do bhíodh a n-íochtar (descr. of a scuffle), PCT 1641 . buailios a chumpánach ..., gur chuir uachtar tre íochtar a inchinne 1065 .

Attrib. gen. upper, uppermost; foremost : in cloch uachtair `the upper stone,' Laws i 140.17 Comm. gég úachtair na tíre thall `the top-most branch' (fig. of King Arthur), Studies 1919, 73 . dá éan uachtair chuaine Chuinn `the two noblest birds' (fig.), Ir. Monthly 1926, 471.2 . i mbarr uachtair na fidhbuidhe, CCath. 668 . In phr.: ó íochtar go húachtar from top to bottom: léine ní líontar dá dhul | d'fhéile ó íochtar go hu.¤ , Studies 1928, 68.11 . ro-dluiged iarum fial in tempuil a ṅdib lethib, o ta a u.¤ co a híchtar, PH 3365 .

adv i n-ú.¤ above (denoting rest): a nem hitat aingil i n-u.¤ (MS iinuachtar) `above,' Ml. 42b10 . of something written in a MS.: túas i n-ōchtur (gl. ex titulo), BCr. 32a3 . Hence: beíth i n-ú.¤ to be on top, supreme, victorious : iarruim Cromuil do bheith i n-u.¤ , PCT 1252 . an tí budh treise do bheith i n-u.¤ , 1845 .

lám i n-ú.¤ : rapo doss díten ┐ rapo buinne bratha ┐ ropo lám i n-uachtur leo Conall (proverb), CRR 36 ( LL 176a32 ). go dtug Dia an lámh i n-u.¤ ag Scotaibh ... orra God gave the Scots the upper hand of them , (i.e. the victory over them), Keat. ii 6144 .

adv i n-ú.¤ up, upward (after vb. of motion): ré buinne nó ré heas abhann ... éirgheas go héasgaidh obann i n-u.¤ arís, TSh. 7610 .

In phr.: i n-u.¤ a chind at the top of his voice : atbert ... Mac C. in guth a n-ūachtar a chind, MacCongl. 85 y ( LB 218a45 ).

(b) The upper part of a country: i n-ūachtur Fer Tulach, BColm. 56.26 . ro ionnarb Donnachadh a flaithius Uladh iar nuachtar, `from the chieftainship of the upper part of U.', AFM ii 1088.11 . ro airccset Uladh iar nu.¤ uile `all the upper part of Ulidia', ib. 17 . Sometimes corresponds to southern: Ú.¤ Connacht Upper C. (i.e. Galway, O'Flaherty, Iar Conn. 99 ): sloigeadh do dhenomh do Mac Uilliam ... in U.¤ Connacht go Cloinn Riocaird, AFM iii 634y . AU 1366 .

Common in place-names: see Onom., FM index, etc.

(c) the upper part of milk, cream : ochtar ocus lemlacht, Laws iv 302.23 (C. G.) . lan ueine tri nol do u.¤ taiscida tri la ┐ teora n-aidchi, SM Facs. 31a = Laws ii 254.4 ( ZCP xiv 356 ). fuaramuir mil, u.¤ ┐ onoir, PCT 1243 .

(d) u.¤ go tóin name of a plant (lit. cream to the bottom) supposed to turn milk into cream, if milk-pail is scoured with it, Ir. Gl. p. 56 . Cf. uachdar `sanicula montana' ?; O'R, Armstrong, Gael. Dict.

(e) the upper of a shoe : a n-u.¤ ní chaithid, ní chaillid a ndeallramh `they wear not their uppers out,' O'Rah. xviii 51 .

Compds.: ¤erraid `upper [outer ?] garments': bádar ... gan ḟorbhruta iar ffágbháil a nuachtairearraidh isin ffiailtig, AFM vi 1916.11 . ¤ḟairsing wide above: do chlarscíathaibh ... uachtarfairsingaibh moraib ina timchioll, CCath. 4984 .

With subst. prefix: co barr-úachtar a dond-fúathroci, LU 6558 . sech barr-uachtar in sceith, TBC-LL¹ 1997 ( LL 73a30 ).

Here perh.: in sdablaing ... doberthea do L. do lāruachtar eanbruithi choiri C., BB 257b42 .